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May 2012

2nd edition monthly buletin of Indonesian Student Association for International Studies (ISAFIS)

ISAFIS

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Indonesia-asean A Mutual Relationship?

By looking at the current condition in Southeast Asia, there have been arguments about the avail

of ASEAN (Association of Southeast Asian Nations), mainly as an umbrella for the states under its shade. ASEAN is expected to be the powerhouse of states in Southeast Asia. However, the real condition seems out of the expectation in which ASEAN has missed its control over some cases. The emergence of several conflicts in Southeast Asia such as political conflict in Myanmar causing human right infringement and border dispute on South China Sea involving some ASEAN members cannot be solved by ASEAN itself. Due to that fact, it probably leads to some consideration whether how ASEAN in future will be directed towards or else ASEAN should not be functioned anymore.

Historically, ASEAN was established on 8th August 1967 in Bangkok. The motivations for the birth of

ASEAN were the common fear of communism, reduced faith in or mistrust of external powers in the 1960s, a desire for economic development and so that its members’ governing elite could concentrate on nation building. The founders of it were five ministers of foreign affairs from Indonesia (Adam Malik), Malaysia (Tun Abdul Razak), Thailand (Thanat Khoman), the Philippine (Narcisco Ramos), and Singapore (S.Rajaratnam) so that those five countries are considered as ASEAN’s founding fathers. Indonesia, one of ASEAN’s founding fathers, has put its foreign policies by considering ASEAN’s dynamics from the very beginning it was formed. Proved by its active involvement in determining basic substances and instruments for ASEAN, Indonesia has also contributed towards the emergence of ASEAN. However, ASEAN has been considered for bringing insignificant impact on Indonesia’s advancement yet. Indonesia with its bargaining position is possibly still able to become more advanced without ASEAN’s intervention. The condition then leads to consideration whether ASEAN needs Indonesia or otherwise as well as whether it is a mutual relationship or not. (Continue to next page)


Main Issue

Many speculations about Indonesia’s firmness to keep being member of ASEAN rise. The speculative reasons behind it are such as keeping Indonesia’s pride as one of ASEAN’s founding fathers or even Indonesia’s ambition to become a regional hegemon. As founding father, Indonesia seems to have a moral responsibility to be in charge of determining ASEAN’s role and it may affect on the image of Indonesia. In addition, in Southeast Asia region, Indonesia is counted as a big state with its good economic growth. By looking at its potentiality, Indonesia has a chance to develop into the more advanced state and reach “ASEAN regional hegemon” status.

Out of those disputable notions, ASEAN is still with its essence, to build regionalism dynamics in Pacific Asia region. The regionalism dynamics appear when a certain region has its own agenda, vision and mission to be achieved together. Those things may include economic, socio-cultural and security sides. So, if ASEAN does not exist, take example, there will not be a quite powerful union in Southeast Asia region to prevent hazard’s entry. Hazard here means the external power which brings harmful effects for the stability of states in Southeast Asia along with the description of the motivation for the birth of ASEAN. All in all, ASEAN is still needed by all states under its shade including Indonesia. ASEAN can prevent the new colonial power’s entry into Southeast Asia. It also creates multilateral cooperation opportunity among its members. For Indonesia, ASEAN creates a strategic position in strengthening Indonesia’s economic capacity integrated to global economy as well as a conducive region situation. Thus, ASEAN still has to be functioned and actively supported by all its members. (Febrina Zulmi). Picture is taken from english. vov.vn


Isafis Events

Are YOU

Ready

FOR

JMUN ?

You are wrong if you think that Model United Na-

tions (MUN) has something to do with photo-model contests. Instead of searching for the most photogenic, MUN provides a platform for young and brightest minds to involve in academic simulation of United Nations conference. If you have no idea of what youngsters do in MUN, we’ll tell you. In MUN, the participants take role as diplomats who debating, discussing, having speech, negotiating on some global issues, and eventually formulating the resolution in order to solve global problems. By participating in UN simulation, youngsters are expected to understand the process of solution-making in United Nations.

Though more than 60.000 high school and college students already participated in MUN, the proliferation rate of MUN in Indonesia is still far below other countries. Considering that fact, ISAFIS as a student organization which focuses on International issues, came up with the idea to hold one of the first MUN in Indonesia named Jakarta Model United Nations or JMUN. The 1st ever JMUN in 2011 ended up with a giant success that ISAFIS never expected. High demand on MUN and the spirit to proliferate MUN keep ISAFIS doing what we already did. Yes! This year we are back with the whole new JMUN on 9-13 July 2012. Under the theme of Creating Sustainable Development through Young Generations’ Action, JMUN 2012 has 4 councils which are General Assembly, Security Council, European Union and….. the one and only United Nations Framework for Climate Change. The last mentioned is brought due to the spirit of earth summit, which is to hold this year in Rio.

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The modern MUN as we know it today is firstly started as League of Nations simulation. The League of Nations itself, it’s the predecessor of United Nations.

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Harvard Model United Nations is proclaimed itself as the oldest MUN since they began back in 1955. But do you know that the grand father of MUN is actually Model United Nations of the Fair West which is held 4 years earlier than HNMUN.

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Dominican republic is the only country in the world that has incorporated MUN to it’s highschool curriculum.

If you are still in highschool or newbies in MUN don’t be worry to join JMUN because the committee of JMUN will prepare you with the pre event’s workshop. Not only fruitful simulation, there will be also exciting social events that absolutely will blow you away. JMUN will make your first experience in MUN become the most unforgettable one. For apply and get more info please visit jakartamun.org.

MUN TRIVIA -

Some MUN conducting an unique simulation like National Football League’s owners meeting in George Mason University MUN in 2009. Or like simulation of United Nations Framework for Climate Change, just like what Jakarta Model United Nations 2012 will do. (Arya)


Sisbac Report

Mikroekonomi dan Wirausahawan Muda untuk

Kemajuan Indonesia Diskusi SISBAC ISAFIS kedua pada 29 Maret 2012 bertempat di Mien R Uno, lembaga milik Sandiaga Uno yang bergerak di bidang wiraswasta. Pemateri, Fajar Dewantara memberikan berbagai pemaparan mengenai potensi mikroekonomi dan wirausahawan muda Indonesia. Sebuah tren positif terjadi di tahun 2008- 2009 dalam bidang ekonomi. Adanya warna- warni Usaha Kecil Menengah (UKM) yang tidak terpengaruh oleh kurs rupiah yang naik turun telah memberikan dampak baik bagi Indonesia. Ke depannya UKM diprediksi menjadi salah satu penopang pertumbuhan ekonomi dunia. Gaung-gaung mengenai penopang pertumbuhan ekonomi dunia menjadi sebuah hal yang menarik apabila ditinjau dari kendala dalam meningkatkan ekonomi Indonesia dalam cakupan General Business Environment, yakni dari lingkungan sosial budaya, lingkungan alam, teknologi, politik dalam negeri, lingkungan demografik, serta government environment. Fajar menyatakan, dari segi lingkungan alam, di ranah makro, pihak internasional justru fokus pada penanganan bantuan Internasional, seperti ketika terjadi bencana alam Tsunami. Di ranah mikro, pihak Indonesia sedang fokus pada pembuatan e-ktp yang menelan dana dalam jumlah besar, yang tentunya berdampak makro. Dari segi politik dalam negeri, kendala yang terjadi berupa terhambatnya produktivitas dikarenakan penundaan proyek. Belum siapnya Indonesia dalam menerapkan demokrasi membuat para pengusaha menjadi percaya diri untuk melangkah. Peran UKM dalam perekonomian Indonesia sangatlah besar. Berbagai manfaat telah dirasakan sebagian besar penduduk yang tinggal berdekatan dengan UKM tersebut. Penyediaan barang serta jasa lebih terasa mu-

dah dijangkau. UKM diberdayakan oleh perusahaan besar di Indonesia dengan model industri rumahan guna memenuhi kebutuhan. Tenaga kerja yang bekerja di UKM merupakan orang-orang yang berada dekat dengan tempat UKM tersebut berdiri. Selain itu, keberadaan UKM dengan pertumbuhannya yang semakin pesat menimbulkan dampak positif bagi peningkatan taraf hidup masyarakat banyak karena besarnya GDP yang disumbang oleh UKM. Dari berbagai UKM yang tumbuh di Indonesia, tidak sedikit dari pendirinya merupakan entrepreneur muda. Persiapan menjadi seorang entrepreneur perlu dibina guna mewujudkan ekonomi Indonesia yang lebih cerah. Hal-hal yang perlu dilakukan antara lain adalah pertama, membangun entrepreneurship. Entrepreneurship bukanlah sebuah profesi, namun jiwa yang tercermin dalam sikap, yaitu pemanfaatan bagi diri sendiri dengan kesempatan yang ada, dengan cara praktik, berguru kepada seseorang hingga nantinya akan terbangun dengan sendirinya jiwa entrepreneur. Kedua, mengenal diri sendiri sesuai dengan passion agar jiwa entrepreneurship ini sejalan dengan passion masing- masing. “Semakin dekat passion dan peluang, maka peluang usaha semakin tinggi�, ucap Fajar. Ketiga, mempersiapkan keterampilan diri. Keterampilan diri ini mencakup keterampilan teknis, berupa business marketing, terkait dengan teori dan keterampilan non-teknis. Terakhir adalah mampu menerapkan manajemen waktu yang baik. Kebanyakan entrepreneur muda terjebak dengan fokus bisnis hingga urusan akademis atau urusan lainnya terbengkalai karena kurang dapat menerapkan manajemen waktu yang baik. Untuk itulah, maka mencoba untuk mencari karakter usaha atau kerja yang dapat disesuaikan antara satu dengan yang lainnya karena pada dasarnya, menjadi seorang entrepreneur itu juga membutuhkan integritas. (Ryzki Amelia)


My Story

A Note from AYLE 2012 Two ISAFIS Members, Indah Gilang Pusparani and Melia Halim, were selected to attend ASEANpreneurs Youth Leaders Exchange 2012 on 14-19 February in Singapore. Annually conducted by ASEANpreneurs, a non-profit organization based in Singapore, aiming to promote entrepreneurial mindset among youth in the region, AYLE becomes a prestigious business conference for the brightest and the most vibrant young entrepreneurs across South East Asia where the build strategic network and exchange business ideas with region’s prominent entrepreneurs. In ISAFIS, Indah Gilang Pusparani is serving as Director of Foreign Affairs and National Communication, while Melia is the Secretary General of ISAFIS 2012. Successfully selected amongst up to 500 applicants, Indonesian delegation is represented by Indah Gilang Pusparani (UI), Melia Halim (UI), Refaldo Fanther (UI), Wulan Apriliani (UI), Sisca Ellyanto (UI), Amelia Djamil (UI), Wil-

liam Lautama (ITB), M. Hazki Hariwibowo (ITB), William Maha Putra (ITB), Andreas Hartoyo Yaputra (ITB), Meta Rahmita (ITB), Noura Maulida Dinni (ITB), M. Arief Akbar (UNAIR), Rindha Deviana (UNIBRAW), Recca Lie (UPH), and Sharah Madani (Universitas Bakrie). Along with overall 70 delegates from across ASEAN member countries, Indonesia contributed as the largest delegation, fully supported by Garuda Indonesia as the Official Flight Company.

The success of Indonesian delegation was also marked with outstanding performance of Melia Halim as one of Indonesian Country Managers of ASEANpreneurs, as the core representative of ASEANpreneurs in Indonesia, to promote entrepreneurship amongst Indonesian youth and preparing Indonesian delegates for the conference. Meanwhile, Indah Gilang Pusparani was serving as External Affairs Executive in the core team ASEANpreneurs Singapore to lead the Country Managers all over ASEAN and promote ASEANpreneurs to partner universities, companies, institutions, and media. (Indah Gilang)

This Buletin is produced by Research and Development division of Indonesian Students Association for Int’l Studies (ISAFIS)

Production Advisors:

Production Team:

President of ISAFIS

Production Manager & Lay-Out Designer

Lukman Oesman

Arya Satya Nugraha

Vice President of ISAFIS

Editor: Chaula Rininta Writer:

Lusia Novita Sari

Secretary General of ISAFIS Melia Halim

Treasurer of ISAFIS Cherieta Hasea

Director of RnD

Febrina Zulmi Ryzki Amelia

Contributor

Indah Gilang Pusparani (Director of FANC)

M.Arif

Free for redistribution. Send your articles to: newsletter.isafis@gmail.com Find out about ISAFIS in isafis.org or tweet to: @ISAFIS_official


ISAFIS Flash May 2012