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NSAD AR 403/803 Studio - Spring 2013 - Mike Stepner

Balboa Park

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“This 1,172.86 acres [Balboa Park] is vast but not limitless. Choices will have to be made in the years ahead as to what belongs in the park and what does not. Who makes those choices and what they decide will determine the fate of Balboa Park in the new millennium.� -Roger Showley, Balboa Park, A Millennium History, 1999


remembering that a noble, logical diagram once recorded will not die, but long after we are gone be a living thing ,asserting itself with ever growing insistence.”

The studio has developed ways for maintaining and improving the Park for the future and has followed the admonition of architect/ artist James Hubble; “ We should not be so concerned with encroachments on the Park, as how we can make the Park encroach on the neighborhoods.”

The charge to the studio was to address the issues and situations that will shape the future of the park, to connect the natural environment and the historical built environment Michael Stepner FAIA FAICP Professor of Architecture and Urban Design and the adjacent neighborhoods. The topics that were part of the studio

Mike Stepner- Forward

discussions included: how do we remove The Studio was prompted by the upcoming parking from the Plaza de Panama? How do 2015 celebration of Panama Pacific Fair and we address the large parking areas and return what could the legacy for the future be. The fair them to places for people not cars? Can we set the course for San Diego in 1915, and the use public transit, bicycles and better walking celebration of the 100th anniversary should do conditions to do this? What kind of entry should the same. there be to the park from East Village? And Some of the questions asked at the beginning where does the park begin, the freeway, City of the project included; How do we remove College or at the Bay Front, the terminus of parking from the park and at the same time the John Nolen Parkway? The entry to the improve accessibility? How do we grow the park currently is two parking lots and a left turn park? And how do we reconnect the park to the signal at Presidents Way. adjacent neighborhoods. Can we grow the park by incorporating Maple As the work proceeded the students followed and Switzer canyons? Could Balboa stadium the dictum of Daniel Burnham in 1909: be rebuilt and reconnected to the community? Can we connect the park to the Bay thru “ Make no little plans. They have no magic to stir men’s blood and probably Laurel Street, Park Bouleverd and Harbor not themselves be realized. Make big Drive? And rename this linkage in honor of John Nolen? These are just some of the plans; aim high in hope and work, questions addressed by the students.

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BALBOA PARKPARK STUDIO BALBOA STUDIO

AR403/803 COMPOSITE MAP MAP AR403/803 COMPOSITE Balboa Park WestBalboa - Juan Vazquez Jeff Hague Park &West - Juan Vazquez & Jeff Hague

Balboa Park North - JennaPark Markley & Kyle Neumann Balboa North - Jenna Markley & Kyle Neumann

1 Tram roundabout 1 Tram roundabout 2 Dedicated northbound tramnorthbound lane 2 Dedicated tram lane 3 Perpendicular parking 3 Perpendicular parking 4 Founder’s point4 roundabout Founder’s point roundabout 5 Children’s park 5and picnic park Children’s parkarea and picnic park area 6 Removal of HWY 163 exit/reclaim for pedestrian bridge 6 Removal of HWY 163 exit/reclaim for pedestrian bridge 7 Popouts at intersection Ave. 7 Popoutsonat6th intersection on 6th Ave. 8 Laurel St. and 6th Ave. roundabout 8 Laurel St. and 6th Ave. roundabout 9 Cable car/green9 link connection bay Cable car/greento link connection to bay 10 Canyon outlet10 toCanyon bay connection outlet to bay connection 11 Green link to canyon/pedestrian bridges “Quince and Spruce” 11 Green link to canyon/pedestrian bridges “Quince and Spruce” 12 Intersection material renewalmaterial renewal 12 Intersection 13 Pocket Park Addition 13 Pocket Park Addition

46 New Zoo Entrance 46 New Zoo Entrance 47 Zoo Village 47 Zoo Village 48 Parking Garage 48Entrance Parking Garage Entrance 49 New Parent Drop-Off 49 New Parent Drop-Off 50 Bus Drop-Off 50 Bus Drop-Off 51 Zoo Expansion 51 Zoo Expansion 52 Walking paths52 Walking paths 53 Redesigned Parking Lot 53 Redesigned Parking Lot 54 New open park 54 New open park

Gross, & Seth Smith Sara Gross, & Seth Smith Balboa Park South/Park Bay - Elwin Baltazar,toSara Baltazar, Balboa to Park South/Park Bay - Elwin

14 Freeway Decking over theDecking Interstate 5 the Interstate 5 14 Freeway over 15 Balboa Stadium 15 restoration Balboa Stadium restoration 16 New Museums 16 New Museums 17 Elimination of17 HWY 163 ramps Elimination of HWY 163 ramps 18 City College Integration 18 City College Integration 19 John Nolen Parkway 19 John Nolen Parkway 20 Eliminating one of trafficone on lane JohnofNolen 20 lane Eliminating trafficParkway on John Nolen Parkway 21 Adding park by Pedestrian BridgePedestrian Bridge 21Hilton Adding park by Hilton 22 Integrating MTS into Balboa MTS Park into withBalboa three new 22 Integrating Parkstations with three new stations

Famigleti & Julia Cota Famigleti & Julia Cota Balboa Park Center - Giorgio Balboa Park Center - Giorgio

55 Remove Plaza55 deRemove PanamaPlaza parking de Panama parking 56 Plaza de California 56 Plaza de California 57 Remove parking from Spanish Village 57 Remove parking fromPlaza Spanish Village Plaza 58 Pan American58 Plaza parking Panremove American Plaza remove parking 59 Remove parking from kidsparking park extension 59 Remove from kids park extension 60 Train Station Park 60 Train Station Park 61 Childrens Playground 61 Childrens Playground 62 Carousel 62 Carousel 63 Spanish Village Spanish Village Plaza 63Plaza 64 Expansion of Science Centerof Science Center 64 Expansion 65 Childrens Playground 65 Childrens Playground 66 Return to Park66 Return to Park Drop off Valet, Parking Lot off Parking Lot 67 Disabled, Valet, & Drop 67&Disabled,

Balboa Park South/East Kelly Macdonald & Paula Romero Balboa -Park South/East - Kelly Macdonald & Paula Romero

23 Convert operations yard into farmersyard market, center and greenhouses 23 Convert operations into arts farmers market, arts center and greenhouses 24 Connect farmers market to community garden via new trail system 24 Connect farmers market to community garden via new trail system 25 Convert concrete storm drain to bioswail with walking path 25 Convert concrete storm drain to bioswail with walking path 26 Add greenery26 and wide sidewalks Pershian Driveto Pershian Drive Add greenery andtowide sidewalks 27 Improve freeway underpass as an underpass extension of park and market 27 Improve freeway asthe an extension of the park and market Removal of 163 freeway for pedestrian bridge Removalexit/reclaim of 163 freeway exit/reclaim for pedestrian bridge 28 Park integration 28 Park integration 29 Design interior oninterior golf course 29paths Design paths on golf course 30 Openings to Golden Hill neighborhood. Fence Remove Fence 30 Openings to Golden HillRemove neighborhood. 31 Bicycle path with multiple stops the surrounding existing golf the course 31 Bicycle path withsurrounding multiple stops existing golf course 32 Move and transform parking lot 32 Move and transform parking lot 33 Convert golf course into community garden and Children Parkand Children Park 33 Convert golf course into community garden 34 Extend trails 34 Extend trails

& Joshua Larson East Mesa/FloridaEast Canyon - Edgar Rodriguez Rodriguez & Joshua Larson Mesa/Florida Canyon - Edgar

35 Florida Canyon 35Bridge Florida Canyon Bridge 36 John Nolen Parkway 36 JohnBridge Nolen Parkway Bridge 37 Lake Kumeyaay 37 Lake Kumeyaay 38 Excavate Arizona Landfill Arizona Landfill 38 Excavate 39 Reorganize Morley Field Sports Complex 39 Reorganize Morley Field Sports Complex 40 Widen Jacaranda Drive Jacaranda Drive 40 Widen 41 Create Park Traffic Barrier 41 Create Park Traffic Barrier 42 Additional Recreational Activities 42 Additional Recreational Activities 43 Neighborhood 43Connection Neighborhood Connection 44 Reorganize Parking Lots 44 Reorganize Parking Lots 45 Stone Brewery45Stadium Stone Brewery Stadium Balboa Park North - JennaPark Markley & Kyle Neumann Balboa North - Jenna Markley & Kyle Neumann 46 New Zoo Entrance 46 New Zoo Entrance 47 Zoo Village 47 Zoo Village 48 Parking Garage 48Entrance Parking Garage Entrance 49 New Parent Drop-Off 49 New Parent Drop-Off

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“Make no“Make little plans. They have no magic tomagic to no little plans. They have no stir men’sstir blood and probably will not themmen’s blood and probably will not themselves beselves realized not be Make bigMake big be will realized willrealized. not be realized. plans; aim highaim in hope work; rememberplans; high and in hope and work; remembering that aing noble, once recorded that logical a noble,diagram logical diagram once recorded will not die, afterlong we after are gone be gone a willbut notlong die, but we are be a living thing, asserting itself with evergrowing living thing, asserting itself with evergrowing insistence. ” insistence. ” Daniel Burnham Daniel Burnham

Michael StepnerMichael AR403/AR803 Studio Special Studio StepnerSpecial AR403/AR803


Introduction

threats (SWOT) lay within the park and the surrounding communities. The zones we focused on are, the zoo, the center of the park (Plaza de Panama and Plaza de California), the Arizona Landfill, the Laurel Street entrance, the John Nolan Parkway Entrance, the golf course, and Transit in and out of the park. The goals set out by the group are to “Grow the Park” and increase accessibility on three levels. Growing the Park is not limited to increasing the amount of land in the park, but infiltrating the park into surrounding communities. Balboa park has the opportunity to grow into surrounding communities but also grow within the current limits of the park by reclaiming poorly used spaces such as parking lots and turn them into inhabitable space and close gaps in the park. The idea of increasing accessibility of the park comes in three stages, improving transportation into the park, increasing the movement of pedestrians and vehicular traffic around the park, and improving the accessibility to the museums and cultural facilities. By increasing the accessibility on these three levels there will be an increase in users to all the different venues around the park as well as the open traditional park spaces. By increasing the accessibility, the ability to grow the park will follow and allow for bigger impact in San Diego.

Jenna Markley

In 1868 the civic leaders of San Diego reserved fourteen hundred acres of open space north of Downtown San Diego for what is present day Balboa Park, which remained untouched for about twenty years. The first step in beatification of the park started with a trade between “The Mother of Balboa Park,” Kate Sessions and the parks commissions in 1982. The trade included the donation of one hundred trees to the park per year for thirty acres of space for Kate to use for a commercial nursery. Although the park had shrunk in size, the usability started to skyrocket. From this turning point the park started to exponentially grow until the World’s Fair of 1915, which showcased the Panama-California Exposition of Art and Culture, Gardens and Spanish-Renaissance Architecture. The exposition forced the development of many of the existing SpanishRenaissance buildings including the California and Tower and dome which houses the San Diego Museum of Man and the Cabrillo bridge. Over the next hundred years the park continued to develop while becoming a controversial issue among all San Diego citizens. In preparation of the Centennial in 2015 of the Exposition that made Balboa Park what it is today, we researched the park in its entirety and seven different zones to find where the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and

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“This 1,172.86 acres (Balboa Park) is Vast, but not limitless. Choices will have to be made in the years ahead as to what belongs in the park and what does not. Who makes those choices and what they decide will determine the fate of Balboa Park in the new millennium.� Roger Showley- Balboa Park, A millennium history, August 1999 6


New access to the Park and Pocket Parks: • Connections to the neighborhoods with transit going up John Nolen Parkway with three new Stations. • Coast Guard Station and Avis Station Parking lots turned in to green spaces.

Sara Gross

• Making a green link from the bay to the park with John Nolen Parkway and laurel Street. • Pedestrian Friendly entrances from City College with Freeway decking of I-5. • Reconfiguration of Sixth Avenue and Balboa Avenue with by adding diagonal parking. • New Zoo entrance with Feature wall. Reclaiming the plazas within the park: • Redesigning of California Plaza with clearer walkways. • Removing parking from Panama Plaza and adding seating. Reclaiming of areas in park used for non park purposes • The Arizona landfill, cleaned and a connection bridge • City Operation yard, turning into a place for Farmers market and artist spaces. • Florida Canyon, Switzer Canyon, Maple Canyon addition of trials and natural park areas. • Florida Drive being closed for walking trails and pedestrian bridge. Under used areas: • Morley sports fields, addition of new sport courts and fields. • Making the children’s train long with easier access. • Expansion Spanish village. • Nine hole golf turned into community garden and agriculture area.

Growing The Park

Why grow the park you may ask? Natural environments can enhance a humans physical and mental productivity. It is embedded in our nature to want to be outside and explore the natural world. As cities grow, natural environments and green space shrink to make room for the build environment. In order to meet the needs of San Diego’s growing population, park and natural open spaces need to be expanded and maintained to promote a healthy and happy environment. Parks are a place for gathering, relaxation, exercising, learning and contemplation. As of today Balboa has lost about 300 acres since it opened, this is one of the reason as a group we found it important to give land back to the park. Parks our and American tradition, along with historical, national monuments, because they bring us joy and pleasure. This why we all chose to grow the park and make it a place people will love even more then they already do. Below is a list of places we want to address and grow within Balboa and outside of it.

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To the West: Bankers Hill/Uptown Bankers Hill: Sometimes known as “Park West”, it

is a long established uptown San Diego neighborhood to the west of Balboa Park. It is bordered to the north by Hillcrest (at Upas St.), to the south, past Date Street, by Downtown (at Interstate 5, the San Diego Freeway), and the west by Interstate 5, Little Italy and the neighborhood known as Midtown. The area is primarily residential south of Laurel Street and west of 5th Avenue. Locations further west have an elevated, panoramic view of Downtown. Two of the key components to the Uptown District’s Current Community plan, are “Provide opportunities for more urban oriented plazas, parkways, mini-parks and street scapes to alleviate the deficiency of recreationalfacilities in the community.” and “Preserve the natural character of hillsides and canyons” (Sandiego.gov, 2013). Similar to the addition of Switzer Canyon to the East, this proposal includes the addition of Maple Canyon to protected park land. It is vital that the park extends its arms into the neighborhoods, and opportunities for more urban­oriented plazas, parkways, mi retaining the natural beauty of these canyons is key to that concept. In addition, this proposal suggests turning 6th Ave the deficiency of recreationalfacilities in the community.” and into a boulevard, which would slow traffic and enhance the and canyons” (Sandiego.gov, 2013).   Similar to the addition o connection of the park to Bankers Hill.

proposal includes the addition of Maple Canyon to protecte extends its arms into the neighborhoods, and retaining the  key to that concept.  In addition, this proposal suggests turn would slow traffic and enhance the connection of the park t

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Connecting Balboa Park to the Neighborhoods To the North: Hillcrest and North Park

South Park: Developed primarily between 1906

To the South: East Village

Connecting to the Neighborhoods

“We should not be so concerned with encroachments on the park, as how we can make the North Park: North Park was part of the Park Villas and the 1930’s, South Park has quiet, wide streets with plenty East Village: East Village is San Diego’s largest park encroach on the neighborhoods.” ­James Hubble, Artist/Architect of parking and beautifully restored, architecturally significant subdivision that had been originally mapped in 1870, and was and most rapidly developing neighborhood, encompassing South Park:  Developed primarily between 1906 and the 1930's, South Park has quiet, wide bordered by University Avenue to the north, Ray Street to the homes. South Park is located at the Southeast corner of 130 blocks. It is the largest urban neighborhood in downtown Park just up the hill from downtown situated between streets with plenty of parking and beautifully restored, architecturally significant homes. South west, 32nd Street to the east, and Dwight Street to the south. Balboa San Diego, and has rapidly changed in the past few years. Golden Hill and North Park. The main business areas are Park is located at the Southeast corner of Balboa Park just up the hill from downtown situated North Park’s first boom was stimulated by a new streetcar It is located east of the Gaslamp Quarter and southeast of To the North:  Hillcrest and North Park along Beech St between 28th and 30th, along 30th and Fern system which linked North Park to downtown San Diego, between Golden Hill and North Park. The main business areas are along Beech St between 28th the Core district and Cortez Hill. The revitalization of this north of Beech up to Laurel St, and on Juniper between 31st Hillcrest, Golden Hills, Normal Heights and East San Diego. district was spurred by the development of PETCO Park, and 30th, along 30th and Fern north of Beech up to Laurel St, and on Juniper between 31st and North Park:  North Park was part of the Park Villas subdivision that had been originally mapped and Fern. It is a neighborhood within the Greater Golden Hill the San Diego Padres’ baseball stadium which opened in Hillcrest: The downtown area of Hillcrest is Fern.  It is a neighborhood within the Greater Golden Hill Community but unique in its own Community but unique in its ownndrespects.  Street in 1870, and was bordered by University Avenue to the north, Ray Street to the west, 32 2004. This is the center of modern urban development is also comprised of Washington and University Avenues, between respects. Golden Hill: Golden Hill is one of San Diego’s San Diego’s arts district, called IDEA (Innovation, Design, to the east, and Dwight Street to the south. North Park’s first boom was stimulated by a new Fourth and Fifth Avenue. Hillcrest has a high population most historic and architecturally eclectic zones, with many Education & Arts). density compared to many other neighborhoods in San streetcar system which linked North Park to downtown San Diego, Hillcrest, Golden Hills, Normal pre1900 homes and apartments. This neighborhood is also Golden Hill:  Golden Hill is one of San Diego's most historic and architecturally eclectic zones, One of the most important components proposed in this Diego, and boasts incredible historical architecture. Heights and East San Diego. in walking distance of Downtown, City College and much of plan is connecting centre city with the park. This is The noted changes to the Balboa Park plan suggested with many pre­1900 homes and apartments. This neighborhood is also in walking distance of Balboa Park. There is easy auto access via freeways 5 and proposed by a bay to park connection, pocket parks in this book include a modification to Upas Street and Downtown, City College and much of Balboa Park. There is easy auto access via freeways 5 94, the major through streets and bus routes are Broadway Hillcrest:  The downtown area of Hillcrest is comprised of Washington and University Avenues, along Park Boulevard/John Nolen Parkway, decking Morley Field, which includes upgrading the facilities and encompassing  130  blocks.  It  is  the  largest  urban  neighborhood  in  downtow and 94, the major through streets and bus routes are Broadway (East and West), and 25th (East and West), and 25th Street and 30th Street (North and the freeway at City College, and removing/rerouting improving the park’s northern border. Also, the addition of a between Fourth and Fifth Avenue. Hillcrest has a high population density compared to many has  rapidly  changed  in  the  past  few  years.  It  is  located   east  of  the  Gasla Street and 30th Street (North and South). South). some of the freeway ramps near the Park lake through Florida Canyon will reroute traffic and improve southeast  of  the  Core  district  and  Cortez  Hill.  The  revitalization  of  this  distric other neighborhoods in San Diego, and boasts incredible historical architecture. Changes to this area are significant. The proposal

Boulevard entrance. These changes follow the natural habitat. There is also a minor traffic modification the development  of  PETCO  Park,  the  San  Diego  Padres’   baseball  stadium suggests adding Switzer Canyon to protected park land (and Changes to this area are significant.  The proposal suggests adding Switzer Canyon to the overall of growing the  park, around Roosevelt Middle School changing the drop off area 2004. urban and development  is  also  San  Diego's  a   This  isgoals   the   center   of  modern possibly by the Canyon lands project), as well as adding a The noted changes to the Balboa Park plan suggested in this book include a modification to extending it into the neighborhoods. Through for children. According to the North Park Community Plan, protected park land (and possibly by the Canyonlands project), as well as adding a formalized IDEA (Innovation, Design, Education & Arts). formalized and maintained trail system connecting to Balboa a modified transit system and key changes Upas Street and Morley Field, which includes upgrading the facilities and improving the park’s key elements of importance are “Preservation of community and maintained trail system connecting to Balboa Park’s existing trails.  Also, in the southeast Park’s existing trails. Also, in the southeast corner, the to the centre city plan, there would be a character and historical, architectural and cultural resources” northern border.  Also, the addition of a lake through Florida Canyon will reroute traffic and One of the most important components proposed in this plan is connecting cen corner, the conversion of the 9 hole golf course adds public space and community gardens, as conversion of the 9 hole golf course adds public space and greater integration of the park with and “Preservation of open space”. (Sandieogo.gov, 2013). All park.  This is proposed by a bay­to­park connection, pocket parks along Park B improve the natural habitat.  There is also a minor traffic modification around Roosevelt Middle well as removing the chain link fence along the park’s border of 28th street.  At 20th and B street community gardens, as well as removing the chain link fence downtown. of the changes to the Park’s northern edges are in line with Nolen Parkway, decking the freeway at City College, and removing/rerouting so School changing the dropoff area for children.  According to the North Park Community Plan, key along the park’s border of 28th street. At 20th and B street in Golden Hill/East Village area, the City’s Operations Yard is proposed to be converted to a this plan. freeway ramps near the Park Boulevard entrance.  These changes follow the o in Golden Hill/East Village area, the City’s Operations Yard elements of importance are “Preservation of community character and historical, architectural permanent market, artist studios and gardens, adding better access to park land for residents of growing the park, and extending it into the neighborhoods.  Through a modified is proposed to be converted to a permanent market, artist and cultural resources” and “Preservation of open space”. (Sandieogo.gov, 2013).  All of the this area. and key changes to the centre city plan, there would be a greater integration of studios and gardens, adding better access to park land for downtown. changes to the Park’s northern edges are in line with this plan. residents of this area.

Kelly Macdonald

To the East: South Park & Golden Hill Florida Canyon

Southern Entrance to Balboa Park

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Table of Contents

North West Balboa Park 24

San Diego Zoo and Roosevelt Middle School

Heart of the Park 48

Plaza de California and Plaza de Panama

From the Bay to the Park 72 Connecting the Park to the Bay through Downtown San Diego South East Balboa Park 94

Redesigning the Golf Courses and Operations Yard

Balboa Park West 112

Connecting the Park to the Bay through the Laurel Street connection

East Mesa 134

Table of Contents

Accessing Balboa Park 12 Transit within and around the park

Bridging the gap between the West and East sides of the park

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Accessing Balboa Park Seth Smith

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Access To The Park “A park that cannot be reached is merely an island of green seen from a distant concrete shore.” - Seth Smith Access to, through and within a park is one of the most crucial elements to its success. If a person cannot get to the park, is unable to navigate through the park, or cannot enjoy the totality of the park, then why should it exist at all? From this standpoint we have addressed the relationship between Balboa Park and transit as a whole. It is stated on Balboa Park’s official website (www.balboapark.org) that, “Driving and parking can be difficult during peak times or during major events.” The website goes as far as suggesting that guests reference the site’s Traffic Alerts page before visiting the park. Further evidence found in an excerpt from the Balboa Park Parking, Circulation and Land Use Study (August 2003) cites public feelings towards park access in its public transportation summary: “Participants felt that the Park has been overrun by vehicular traffic that threatens a pedestrian-friendly Park environment. Many suggested developing accessible, frequent, and useful public transportation.

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Selected Comments: • Light rail/trolley system that links parking areas to park interior. • Improve/create trolley/shuttle system to link Park to Downtown and other surrounding areas. • Vehicular traffic only for Park maintenance and user set up vehicles.” Additionally, we have found that Balboa Park has missed out on a significant opportunity to attract visitors through its overall divorce of the public transit system.

“A common thread throughout the evening was the elimination or reduction of parking within the Park. The automobiles and numerous asphalt lots within the Park cover the Park’s beauty. Instead, participants felt that most parking should be moved to the Park’s perimeter and be free to all users. The general push was towards the elimination of expansive parking lots that consume Park space and to link the new or remaining lots with a cohesive transit system to solve the parking issues in and around Balboa Park.”

Accessibility Seth Smith

To resolve this issue and extend more availability of Balboa Park to people living in the northern communities of San Diego, we propose that the Metropolitan Transit System (MTS) light rail be extended through John Nolen Parkway (Park Boulevard), north to University Avenue and west on Washington Street to connect back into the existing light rail system. This will create a larger downtown loop that will link uptown, downtown and the San Diego bay-front to Balboa Park while increasing ridership on the MTS light rail. The expanded downtown loop will service the six parking structures located on the City College campus, the parking lot on inspiration point, the parking garage at the 12th and Imperial Transit Center, the parking structure to be added to the San Diego Zoo and the vast amount of parking lots located on the San Diego bay-front. The connection between parking and the light rail system will greatly reduce the necessity of people to drive into the center of Balboa Park for their visits. This implementation has the potential to improve the pedestrian experience and reduce congestion throughout the park. Further support for the implementation for re-locating parking to the outskirts of Balboa Park is found in the Balboa Park Parking, Circulation and Land Use Study where the document indicates that:

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Access Through The Park

The next aspect that our team addressed was the transition of people through Balboa Park. We realize that not everyone who passes through Balboa Park is there specifically to visit the park. Many people simply enjoy coasting to work through a beautiful space between destination points. Therefore, it is not viable to decrease the amount of traffic lanes within the park. However, urban design techniques can be used to improve the safety and functionality of the existing transportation routes. To help heal the laceration that Park Boulevard creates down the center of Balboa Park we have reduced the traffic lanes to 11 feet in width with the addition of bike lanes and “safety zones” that enable the street to be crossed more comfortably and slow the flow of traffic to a pace that is not threatening to pedestrians. These two modifications eliminate the need for a pedestrian to have to cross anything more than 22 feet of calmly moving traffic at a time. We also propose the incorporation of “buffer spaces” planted with trees or shrubs to create a feeling of safety and separation between people strolling in the park and vehicular commuters as well as widening the sidewalks to an inviting 15 feet for groups of park guests.

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These solutions not only re-connect the east and west sides of Balboa Park, they also slow down through traffic to a more leisurely pace that will move commuters more safely and with more pleasure than the current conditions.


Access Within The Park

and handicapped parking options have been As the Voice of San Diego’s CEO Scott situated. A streetcar system will then pick up Lewis put it, Balboa Park is “one of the on the tram route terminus at Balboa Road largest urban parks in the world,” and in and run to a station located on the corner of response we analyzed the need for a smaller West Laurel Street and California Street that scale park transit method. We propose that will be able to serve the Bankers Hill commuthe interior of Balboa Park be served by a nity, Lindbergh Field and the bay-front of San tram route connecting the southernmost Diego. The streetcar is a slow moving vehicle light rail station in Balboa Park (proposed that pedestrians are able to step onto without in the prior light rail additions), through the it needing to stop (the street car can still stop Plaza de Panama, Plaza de California, park for individuals who need it to). museums and restaurants to Balboa Road, where peripheral

Accessibility

Seth Smith

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San Diego Zoo Trolley Station

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Destinations

- San Diego Zoo - Roosevelt Middle School - Veteran’s Museum - Freedom Park - Running + Hiking Trails

Access Issues - Traffic congestion from middle school students and zoo visitors. - Students have difficulty crossing the street.

Access Solutions - The trolley station relieves some traffic by providing an alternate way to reach the destinations on the north side of Balboa Park. - Safety and Buffer Zones have been implemented so that pedestrians will not need to cross more than 22 feet of traffic at one time. - The trolley station acts as transportation for the community north of Balboa Park to more easily reach destinations on the south side of the park, the bay-front and greater San Diego.

Accessibility

Seth Smith

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Park Center Trolley Station

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Destinations

Access Issues

Access Solutions

- The current condition of Park Boulevard slices Balboa Park in half because it is intimidating to cross or walk next to. - The museums in Balboa Park are disconnected from the sports facilities and running hiking trails.

- Thinning traffic lanes calms traffic and makes walking along Park Boulevard more safe and enjoyable. - Increased sidewalk widths allow pedestrians to remain a comfortable distance from traffic and walk in groups of friends so that they enjoy the park together. - The trolley station allows visitors to Balboa Park destinations to park their personal vehicles on the outskirts of the park and conveniently reach the inside of the park during events when traffic access is denied or parking is unavailable.

- Natural History Museum - Science Center - Rose Garden - Prado - Chargers Stadium - Running + Hiking Trails

Accessibility

Seth Smith

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John Nolen Trolley Station

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Destinations

Access Issues

Access Solutions

- Parking lot disconnected from other Balboa Park destinations. - Vehicles speed and drive aggressively when heading towards Downtown San Diego. - The street and terreign are difficult to cross.

- Curb Bumps bring the edges of the sidewalks closer to each other and make the street easier to cross. - The vertical rhythm of the trees slow traffic and cause drivers to be more cautious. - The tram, parking and trolley systems combined at the entry from Downtown to Balboa Park create an access hub that connects the once isolated parking lot to the rest of the park. - A dedicated tram line allows for uninterrupted transport from the hub to other park destinations.

- Comic-Con Museum - Sports Museum - Park and Ride - Prado

Accessibility

Seth Smith

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North West Balboa Park Jenna Markley, Kyle Neumann

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Strengths Suburban Area

-Mixed density and price range, leading to a diverse population -Picturesque, serene and not overcrowded -Wealthy community project are of ideal neighborhood -Close proximity to the park, school and zoo -North Park is San Diego’s most densely populated neighborhood, therefore many people are within walking or bicycling distance

Roosevelt Middle School

-Close proximity to the zoo and the educational facilities -Close to the scout facilities -On exterior of the park allowing for easy access for the user -Drop off entrance faces away from major tourist attraction similar to Salt Lake City public schools’ relationship to neighboring stadiums

San Diego Zoo

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-International tourist attraction with over 5 million visitors a year -The world’s 6th most extensive zoo by variety of species -Tax revenue for city, who are also leasing the land to the zoo -Close proximity to schools and neighborhoods -Central San Diego location


Weaknesses Suburban Area

-Mismatched urban vs. suburban development -Good neighborhood for kids, but not many live there -Prevents the park infiltrating into surrounding neighborhood -Defines a hard line on the North side of the park -Crowded park makes car parking difficult

Roosevelt Middle School

-Lack of entrance to school, in need of a safe drop off for students -Entrance to the zoo goes in front of the school -Underfunded, currently requesting private donations from parents -Fences create a visual barrier between the school and the park -Difficulty parking for faculty with demand of zoo visitors

San Diego Zoo

-Isolated from the rest of the park

-Lacks its own identity within the park, stands as own entity -Shares parking with the rest of the park, -there isn’t enough on busy days -There is poor access for pedestrians and vehicles

SWOT 27


Opportunities Suburban Area

-Bring the park into the community

-Educational community outreach programs -Claim the canyon park that is already part of the neighborhood -1048 Myrtle Way mansion boosts image of neighborhood -Proximity to University Avenue district

Roosevelt Middle School -Can create a deeper connection with the park

-School can partner with different institutions in the park -Teddy Roosevelt is not only their namesake, but their mascot. -Roosevelt conceptually ties the school to the Panama Exhibition. -School itself can create better physical connection to the park. -Space for outdoor classrooms and instruction. -Increased use of park to optimize money’s worth

San Diego Zoo

-Can be the main focus of the park them

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-Can highlight an entrance to the park -Provides parking for the rest of the park -Can work as a transition zone between park and neighborhoods -Close to Boy and Girl Scout camps, middle school and suburb -Major draw for tourists, expansion will attract even more of


Threats Suburban Area -Disengaging from the park

-Similar concerns to the school crossing about traffic safety -Resident’s complaints about increased traffic and activity

Roosevelt Middle School -Disengaging from the rest of the park

-Safety of the pedestrians entering from the neighborhood -Problems with dropping students off -Traffic congestion, effecting parents and immediate neighbors

San Diego Zoo

-Back-of-house operations can be exposed to the rest of the park -Withdrawing from the rest of the park and becoming its own entity -Zoo becoming overbearing of the park in size and influence

SWOT 29


Precedent: Salt Lake City

Energy Solutions Arena (“Salt Palace”)

West High School

Ice Sheet Ogden

Weber State University

When Salt Lake City was chosen to host the 2002 Winter Olympics on June 16, 1995, the city faced the challenge of building several large stadiums that intruded on the daily lives of Utahans as little as possible. Roosevelt Middle School in San Diego already faces a similar challenge in that it neighbors the zoo, and will continue to be challenged by increasing tourism to San Diego. Energy Solutions Arena and neighboring Salt Palace were built in what was already the urban center of Salt Lake City, on the site of a former arena for a previous 1976 Olympics bid. Two blocks north along 300 W is West High School, the oldest high school in Utah (est. 1890). Energy Solutions Arena and Salt Palace both chose front entrances facing southwest, directly away from West High School, making an effort to direct sports fans away from the north façade and free up the area for West High families. (they also employ underground parking) Weber State University, founded in 1889, built Ice Sheet at Ogden on their campus between 1992 and 1994. The site was chosen by the Utah Sports Authority over more urban locations in Salt Lake City and Provo, which gave them the opportunity to employ smaller avenues to take traffic away from the main thru way of Harrison Boulevard. The existing WSU campus and nearby McKay Dee Hospital Center both employ a similar strategy.

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Utah Olympic Oval

Rice-Eccles Stadium

Kearns High School

University of Utah

Precedent: Salt Lake City

Our proposal further encourages some parents to drop their children off along Upas to the north, and has a loop located away from the primary parking complex entrance to the south. However, for the convenience of school employees who need to park cars, there is a smaller entrance to the parking complex along the loop. The Utah Olympic Oval was built 1999-2001 in Kearns, Utah, directly across the street from Kearns High School (est. 1966). Again, the site was chosen by Utah Sports Authority over more dense urban areas such as downtown Salt Lake, Sandy and West Valley City. The site is completely surrounded by suburban yet closely-packed planned communities, as well as another public school (Beehive Elementary) to the west of the Oval. The Olympic Oval’s solution was also to use smaller corridors leading away from major roads and towards an entrance that was set back from the main thru way. Rice-Eccles Stadium, built in 1998 on the University of Utah campus, was an immediate replacement for the derelict Rice Stadium built in 1927. Perhaps the most dynamic change to the current landscape was a light rail track leading to downtown Salt Lake City, which ingeniously disperses parking as far south as 20 miles away in South Jordan. While cars are a necessity for some families, public transportation is naturally a major part of the solution to overcrowded parking lots.

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Signature Lighting

San Diego is known for its many nieghborhoods and their signature signs as well as their street light design. Most neighborhoods through out San Diego have developed their own street light as an identifier for their neighborhood. The park is no exception, our proposal is to implament a signature lighting style for Zoo neighbhood in the Park to identify with guest their position within the park. Areas in and around San Diego Zoo and Spanish Village are poorly lit at night, and lack identity in comparison to the Gaslamp Quarter and other areas of Balboa Park. This streetlight design, on the far right, will provide the pathways leading to the zoo with much-needed illumination and character. They include an elephant-shaped detail above each light, distinguishing it from other sectors of the park. The streetlights in the Gaslamp Quarter are relatively new additions imagined during the district’s revival in the 1980s, but designed to complement the nostalgic turn-of-the-century architecture in the area. Gaslamp-style light fixtures around the San Diego Zoo would not be out of place in this sense, and fixtures all over the city are subject to change over the course of a few decades to become more aesthetically and functionally in sync. The Gaslamp-style street light has become one of the staples of San Diego’s perception by the rest of the country, and would act as a signal to tourists when they’re in or around a major attraction. Inversely, the elephant-themed detail gives the light a certain distinction and uniqueness that helps to denote the location of the zoo specifically.

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Street Lights Around San Diego

Zoo & Zoo Village Street Lights


Parking

San Diego takes in a grand total of 32 million visitors per year, and there are bound to be more visitors to the Zoo as renovations progress and time goes on. Some projections see the current Zoo Plaza routinely taking in over 10,000 cars on a single day. For this reason, smaller avenues to cater to Roosevelt High School families and reduce traffic congestion in the immediate area are crucial. San Diego is a growing city, and unlike large cities in Europe or some on the American east coast, the sprawl-based urban planning of Californian cities leave an unshakeably high demand for cars and parking. Sea World sees about as many visitors as the San Diego Zoo, but has more space and influence in the neighborhood of Mission Beach and is able to widely disperse its parking. Fashion Valley skillfully handles the parking needs of nearly 4 times as many visitors, albeit they visit for much shorter periods and quickly rotate use of the same parking spaces. Comic Con, however, quickly fills up parking lots all over Downtown with their visitors, many of whom are tourists from out of state. San Diego Zoo is one of the nation’s premier zoos, and will inevitably need more parking to prevent overcrowding. We propose an underground parking structure, to increase the parking capacity and free up the space above for public use.

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Upas Street

Zoo Drive

y wa ark

nP ole nN Joh

Drop- Off Locations

The former north edge of the San Diego Zoo parking lot would become part of a small new road, one that would complete a loop for parents to enter and exit the Roosevelt Middle School drop off in a simple, succinct path. Though our former ideas proposed increased activity on Morley Field Drive to the east of the school entrance, we found the crossing scenario too dangerous and the distance too far away for daily convenience. Our final proposed loop encourages a pattern that has been proven effective by the parents themselves, and follows the path of least resistance for a feasible result. Though Upas Street is part of a suburban tract and may involve resistance from residents, the street already sees upwards of 1,000 users in a single day. The new drop off along Upas is a minimalist intervention, but will relieve much of the congestion that comes with its current and future use. Finally, the tram along John Nolan Parkway increases utilization of public transportation, which is already a cornerstone of how Roosevelt Middle School and San Diego High School students get to school every day. Because tourism is more prevalent on the weekends, there is a well-balanced mixed use of the tram that will prove its money’s worth every day of the week.

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Zoo Arch

This arch serves as a wayfinding landmark that navigates visitors toward the zoo. The open-air slots retain light directly underneath the structure, to balance ample shading with ample sunlight for public safety and peace of mind. The statues continue the elephant motif seen in the hedge sculptures and streetlights. The arch borrows classical themes from other sections of Balboa Park and the Gaslamp, while the glassy textures of the elephant sculptures and other adornments thematically lead into the inner zoo’s more modern appearance. It will serve as an important focal point not only on foot, but for wayfinding vehicles as well. Users exit the parking garage on foot via this ramp system, which can be used by the handicapped and able-bodied alike. The ceiling is louvered to steadily open up to daylight, which visually draws people out of the parking structure and into the outdoor park. Small patches of greenery are used to enliven what is otherwise thought of as a dreary space, the drop offs of each ramp are amply sized for benches and other public interactions, and the slope is relaxed and well under the 1:12 maximum.

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Parking Garage Exit

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The new entrance to the zoo connects the exit from the parking garage and the entrance to the zoo. The current problem with the current entrance is the lack of street presence on John Nolen Parkway. When entering the zoo, one enters through a side street and into a twenty five hundred car parking lot. With a world renowned zoo within Balboa Park, it needs an entrance that signifies its importance not only in the park but as a leading research in

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endangered animal reproduction. Instead of making a high tower entrance so it can be visible from the street, the entrance stretches from the existing location of the entrance to the street, creating a boundary between the new expansion to the zoo. The new entrance serves more than a point of entry for the parking garage and the zoo but also provides a location for the new zoo sign. The sign currently is unimpressive and is very small

considering the size of the zoo. The new sign takes the same logo the zoo currently uses and blows it up on the wall of the new building.


Existing Zoo Entrance

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Zoo Village

New Zoo Entrance from Zoo Village Pathway

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Zoo Village Section


Zoo Village

New Zoo Entrance from Zoo Village

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Zoo Village

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The Zoo Village is a transition point between the Prado and the zoo. It will provide a commercial walkway terminating at the zoo entrance. It states the zoo is a destination in the park not just a piece in the park. The ribbons of color on the walkway create a hierarchical importance of the Zoo Village walkway over other running paths because of its relation to the heart of the park. The village creates smaller park areas within the larger park, bringing the scale of this immense park down to a human scale. The buildings are places to maintain viability to all the landmarks.


New Zoo Expansion New Zoo Welcome Building New Open Park Space

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6 6

7

2

2

10

4 1

9 2

8 3

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Master Plan Concept The concept behind the North-West Balboa Park Master Plan is to increase accessibility to all venues within this area. The main problem with the venues within this sector of the park is how secluded they are from everything, they have all become their own entities. The current San Diego Zoo entrance is set back away from John Nolen Parkway and is secluded from the rest of the park. The new entrance redefines the concept of the wall of the zoo. It is understood there is a need for containment of the animals, but it is the goal of the zoo is to create enclosures that replicate their natural environments and keep the enclosures from looking like cages. The entrance extends all the way to John Nolen Parkway to force its presence on the main road through the park. Zoo Village is a commercial space that defines a pathway that connects from the prado all the way to the zoo. The buildings create their own courtyard spaces to bring down the scale of the massive park to a human scale. The pathway ending into the zoo defines the zoo and a destination within the park, not just a point along the path.


1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8

New Zoo Sign and Administration Building

The Zoo’s new entrance brings the entrance of the zoo to John Nollen Parkway creating an identity for the zoo within Balboa Park.

Entrances to the underground parking garage

The new underground parking garage will provide more parking than existing while allowing the zoo to expand over the 27 acres.

Zoo Village

Zoo Village is existing commercial space in the zoo an addition of more commercial space to create interaction between park users and zoo.

San Diego Zoo Expansion

The expansion of the zoo covers the 27 acres of the existing parking lot. The expansion makes a physical connection to the rest of the park.

New intersection for parent drop off and garage entrance The intersection stops zoo traffic from intertwining with parent drop offs and pickups.

New student drop off

The new student drop offs designates a location for students to be dropped off and alleviates traffic in the morning.

Bus drop off

The bus drop off stops the bus from interfering with the parent drop off. It also provides a safe location for students to be dropped off

San Diego Zoo entrance

The new Zoo entrance uses the arch as the idea of entrance that is used through out of the park. The skin arches over the entrance with existing sign.

Garage entrance to Park

9 New street lights 10

The garage exit to the park uses the arch idea as well. The ramps are a ceremonial exit from the confining garage to the open park. The new street lights create an identification for the zoo village and provides enough light for night time actives to take place.

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Zoo Expansion

Zoo Entrance Building

Underground Parking 46

Parking Exit


Exit from Underground Parking to Park

Park Open Space

Vehicle Entrance to Underground Parking 47


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Heart of the Park Giorgio Famiglietti and Julia Cota

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Balboa Park

Balboa Park began in 1868 when San Diego’s civic leaders dedicated 1,400 prime acres to create an urban oasis. It hosted two successful world expositions: the 1915-1916 Panama-California Exposition and the 1935-1936 California Pacific International Exposition. Since, the park has evolved into a magnificent cultural center landmark that is

Proposed Changes 3

1 Plaza de Panama 2 Plaza de California 3 Zoo Village 4 Pan American Plaza 5 Children’s Park

the heart of the city of San Diego. With 15 museums, eight gardens and world-famous San Diego Zoo is the largest urban park in North America, exceeding Central Park in New York. Filled with cultural

2

1

treasures, architectural grandeur, lush landscapes, stunning gardens and award-winning performing arts, there is no question why there are

4

twelve million visitor a year.

Despite all of the great amenities the park has to offer, there

are many concerns with the park. There are too many parking lots where they do not belong and there is too much interaction between pedestrian pathways and car flow. There needs to be a distinction between the two.

Most of the plazas in the park are great except Plaza de

Panama, which is filled with cars, it is not a real plaza but a parking lot. Plaza de California has great potential but it is an empty space at the moment. Pan American Plaza, a huge parking lot, was once a great

5

plaza and needs to go back to its original place in the park as a major plaza. With all of the kids in the park and a growing population in the city, the existing kids playground needs to be extended to the adjacent parking lot. Events such as Earth Day, Pride Day, December Nights as well as other events are great for the city and the park. They bring lots of revenue and pride to the park, and the park is successful at it. But why can’t it be without so many parking lots, why is the car intruding into the main plazas? Let’s give these spaces back to the people.

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Overall Designated Section and Proposed changes


Research

As part of our research, a SWOT analysis was done within the designated section for the heart of Balboa Park. The park has many amenities and host many events, which is a strength to the park as a culture center that makes it very pedestrian friendly with full of activities. There is lots of green spaces and it makes it a prime spot for runners, bikers, walkers, and the visitors. With full of trails, you are always seen people working out coming from all directions. Its great attractions and museums bring a crowd of all ages. Bea Everson Fountain

However, there is plenty of opportunity to make the park better. To

At Plaza de Panama

start, there could be a better pedestrian connection to the city, the Bay and downtown. By providing public transit, lots of bike racks, visitors can have the option to use the transit and reduce car flow and promote people to bike and walk. Great potential spaces at Plaza de California (if this space is revived) and Plaza de Panama (removing all of the parking from here). Night time activities could also bring the park alive at night, which is completely different vibe. There are many problems and weaknesses concerning the vehicle East El Prado

circulation and parking lots. Too many parking lots around and in the plazas. There a loss of a potential great space within those spaces. For

At Cabrillo Bridge

the most part, the car intrudes through the pedestrian pathways and right of way. In addition, there is always the threat that a car might hit a visitor because of the large amount of interaction between vehicle and pedestrian circulation. As they are located within the same spaces such as Plaza de Panama, Plaza de California and other places around the park. There needs to be more lighting around the park, there are many places that may not seem save to walk around due to poor lighting and Earth Day in front of Balboa Statue

empty parking.

Village Place, road leading to Spanish Village at night

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Case Studies - Successful Plazas

Old Town Square - Prague, Czech Republic Old Town Square is surrounded by charming architecture, cobblestones, and anchored by a sizable and iconic statue. When you take into accounts its central location, there is no question why it I such a successful space.

Piazza del Campo - Siena, Italy More than half a millennium old, Piazza del Campo needs no redesign. The perimeter is surrounded by cafes, restaurants, and shops while the center provides open space for pedestrians to casually gather.

Pioneer Courthouse Square - Portland, Oregon Pioneer Courthouse Square has been successful mostly because of its central location downtown. But it is also enhanced by its own quirks. The public art adds charm and helps define the space. The steps lend themselves perfectly to public performances but also to spur of the moment to sit down for lunch

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Case Studies - Unsuccessful Plazas

Plazas in Balboa Park

Empire State Plaza - Abany, New York

Most of the successful plazas are very well centralized in a high density

Designed as it for a Corbusien-metropolis, The Empire State Plaza

area. However, because a plaza is centralized within a high density

has all the late modernist cliches that led to its demise. Swaths of

area, does not mean it will be a successful one as seen in New York,

empty space, cold, out-of-scale architecture, and high, blank walls that

Washington and Los Angeles, U.S. In order to make sure plazas in

prevent pedestrian from seeing what is happening up the steps to the

Balboa Park are successful, we need to compare our research with

plaza.

case studies and precedents. The intense study of William Whyte of public urban spaces was also studied, finding key factors that make successful plazas. The plazas in Balboa Park are surrounded by great

HUD Plaza - Washington, D.C.

architecture, and lots of green spaces and it is not located within a very centralized density area. In order to make the plazas at Balboa Park

The seating and shelter islands have a vintage charm but HUD plaza

are successful, we need to create design guidelines specifically for

is held back from some basic layout issues. In what was likely an at-

those spaces in the park, all based on research and studies done.

tempt to not let the parking garage entry become intimidating, the path for cars is not distinct from the pedestrian paths. However, this makes one feel as if they are sharing the same space-a far from settling feeling for pedestrian. A wall forms at the sidewalk where cars emerge

Design Guidelines for Balboa Park:

you have to cross another street just to find a place to rest.

1. 2. 3. 4. 5.

Pershing Square - Los Angeles, California

These design guidelines will be used and followed in order to revive

Long regarded as an unsuccessful public space, Pershing Square saw

the new proposed plazas. Removing the parking from these plazas is

a significant renovation in 1992 that added lively and distinct Califor-

not the only asnwer to make them work. By following the guidelines we

nia PoMo visual elements. Unfortunately, the core issues still remain.

are able to create great spaces within the park.

Pedestrian from surrounding sidewalks still see blank walls or parking

Proposed Plazas and changes:

from the garage beneath, forming a barrier that makes you feel as if

garage entries and exits from most vantage points. Once inside, the square is quirky and interesting but it needs to flow into its surroundings in order to invite more frequent usage.

Create a relationship between the street and buildings Create a central focal point Add water Provide sittable space Create well-programmed activity spaces

1. Plaza de Panama

4. Pan American Plaza

2. Plaza de California

5. Children’s Park Extension

3. Spanish Village / Zoo Village

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Design

Before designing any of the plazas it was important to take a step back and look at the history of the park and find out why the park is there. The Panama Canal opened its doors to the world in 1914 and in 1915 the Balboa Park opened, celebrating the opening of the Panama Ca-

Panama Canal 1914

nal and putting San Diego in the map as the first U.S. port on the west

Panama Canal 2015

coast after crossing the Panama Canal. For both, the country of Pan-

A section of both, the park and the canal were taken and began to

ama and the city of San Diego, it was a significant celebration. For

make a connection and meaning between the two. Where an entrance

Panama, the canal gave its second independence to Panama, this time

and/or exit at Balboa Park starts to represent in a similar way the

from Colombia (first independence was from Spain). For the city of

entrance and/or exit at the Panama Canal, which in this case are the

San Diego, it gave the city the opportunity to open its doors to the world

set of locks that allows the ships to pass by.

with hopes to bring revenue to the city and grow its population. This celebration has a significant meaning to both and will forever be bound and connected. Looking at the future and 2015, we now celebrate the centennial of Balboa Park as Panama will celebrate their centennial of the Panama Canal in 2014. Panama however, is expanding the PanAt Balboa Park, as you enter the park through the Cabrillo bridge and

ama Canal with an estimated finish date in 2015. Connecting the two

the visitor passes through the first set of arches at Plaza de California,

together once again. Although, for both, it is a different celebration. In

it represent crossing through the Panama Canal and the union of the

2015, we are now celebrating not only the growth of the city but what

Pacific and Atlantic oceans. Just as in the Panama Canal, the visitor

the park has become as a culture center and heart of the city.

passes through the first set of locks, then passes through the country of Panama just as the visitor in Balboa Park would cross through the Plaza de Panama and eventually passing through the new proposed bridge, representing the other set of locks in the Panama Canal as you finish crossing the canal. This relationship bet ween the two is very unique and a very important one that would mark the foundation for the entire design for the plazas and theme of the new cultural pathways leading you to specific locations and attractions throughout the park.

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Section of Balboa Park and Panama Canal


The axis at the fountain at Plaza de Panama which links the park to

The colors of the pavers were selected from the dominant colors from

its surroundings, is a very important one where everything starts from.

the flags around the world. They are: blue, red, white, green, yellow

From this point, everything starts to revolve around it and spread like

and orange. The colors of the pavers represent the union of different

waves across the park. Creating a form for the pavers and pathways

nations and cultures within the park and the city. The colors of the

throughout the park.

pavers create pathways which leads the user to specific locations within

The blue pathways will lead the user from

the park.

Plaza de California, to the Sculpture Garden,

The red pathways will lead the user from Plaza

to Plaza de Panama, to Casa del Prado and

de California, to the Alcazar Garden, to Plaza de

eventually to the new proposed bridge

Panama, to the Botanical Garden, to the Zoro Garden and eventually to Spanish Village and the Zoo.

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Proposed Plazas Proposed Changes: Make use of empty spaces

Unused space. No pedestrian crossing.

Museum of man and Saint Francis Chapel

Open up the wall at Saint Francis Chapel and part of Museum of man facing Plaza de California, in order to create activities and a relation with the street and buildings around A new water feature with space to sit brings people together and defines two main spaces. One that caters to the Chapel and the other will cater to a new restaurant/bar. Adding movable chair and tables at the plaza will complement the new spaces created. Create places to sit and relax while you have a bite to eat or just people watch. A pedestrian crossing is clearly defined and movable bollards are used for safety when there is vehicle circulation.

Balboa Park 1915

Steps at Museum of Man

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Add activities during the day and night to make this place alive. The plaza could be rented for special events as well providing revenue to the institutions.


Plaza de California 57


Proposed Plazas Existing Conditions

Proposed Changes Remove all parking from the plaza. Plaza de Panama on a regular day

Reduce car circulation to a minimum and allow for most of the plaza to be for pedestrian use only. Use movable bollards to define car flow. Extend the institutions spaces by simply adding movable chairs and table to bring activities and people, where the visitor is able to enjoy the plaza without the interruption and intrusion of cars

Plaza de Panama on a busy day

Plaza to be a multi-use space, that is able to transform the entire space as a kit-of-parts depending on the season. The colored pathways define spaces for outdoor activities and circulation that interacts with the user.

Plaza de Panama on Earth Day (no cars)

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Day and night time activities should be added to the program, as well as seasonal themes throughout the year, transforming the plaza.


Plaza de Panama 59


Balboa Park SWOT Analysis Strengths By Julia Cota

Balboa Park is considered by the majority of San Diegans to be the Heart and Jewel of the City. The 1,200 acre Urban Cultural Park and its historic Exposition buildings were declared a National Historic Landmark and National Historic District in 1977, and placed on the National Register of Historic Places, it commemorates the history of the United States of America. The lovely nature and culturally rich Park is surrounded by many prime San Diegan Neighborhoods, including;

the Park is primarily through the use of the automobile and some public transportation. The Park lacks pedestrian friendly access, there is a lack of walk-able Streets and Boulevards to guide pedestrians to and through the Park.

All Plazas should be returned to the people and redesigned to become welcoming places for people to gather and socialize, the majority of parking lots should be returned to public use, by becoming extensions to Museums, expanding usable Park space, or becoming Plazas for the enjoyment of people, not to accommodate the automobile.

Another obstacle the Park faces is the disconnect that exists throughout the Park between people and nature. The roads and islands of parking dedicated to automobile user has divided the seaming Park-like The Cabrillo Bridge needs to be revitalized and become a welcoming San Diego Downtown community, Little Italy, Bankers Hill, Midtown, experience of Balboa Park. Instead of having open plaza spaces and bridge for pedestrians and cyclists. open park space, there is a dominant infiltration and invasion of the Hillcrest, University Ave., North Park, South Park, and Golden Hill. The Park needs to be activated at night, with the use of facade lighting automobile. and flexible outdoor seating, Balboa Park can become a destination for The richness of Balboa Park offers many open space areas, natural the public to enjoy at night. Pedestrians and cyclists are also being limited to Parks access through vegetation green belts, gardens and walking paths, it contains museums, several theaters, and the world-famous San Diego Zoo. There are also vehicle dominated roads. The sidewalks are narrow, unfriendly and there are few if any, designated bicycle lanes within, and throughout the Park. many recreational facilities and several gift shops and restaurants. “San Diego is a city with a park for a heart... Balboa Park is not finished. Beautiful canyon lands, now being preserved and beautified, surround Plaza de Panama is dominated by the car, housing a parking lot that Neither is San Diego.”. Balboa Park and contribute to the natural amenities and become holds 54 vehicles. One of the many Plazas within the Park, designed for - Lew Scarr, San Diego Union 1969 the enjoyment of the people, now serves as prime parking spaces, with extensions to the park. great center of the Heart of the Park. “All these issues we’re talking about are from the soul. Economics, urban Maple Canyon, 32nd Street Canyon, Switzer Canyon, and Juniper planning, ecology are only the means. Happiness is the goal.” Canyon - Enrique Penalosa Balboa Park. These natural preserved canyons provide an opportunity to expand the park into the surrounding communities by connecting the There is great opportunity for innovative design solutions to the canyons to Balboa Park, and into the community, through pedestrian challenges that currently face the Park. The implementation of multi friendly sidewalk-design connections that lead pedestrians to Balboa. transit transportation system can be configured to meet the current and future needs of access to Balboa Park, Downtown, and the Waterfront, The park is also benefits from having learning institutions Convention Center, and Hotels. Public transportation solutions should The major threat the Park runs, is to become a wasted resource to the along its perimeter. San Diego City College & San Diego address all the surrounding communities, and facilitate access to the Park City and its resident. Inaccessibility to the Park increases the threat, as High School are at the South West end of Balboa Park and and Waterfront. An internal Park transit system needs to be implemented Balboa Park becomes a wasted Park land, used only by its immediate Roosevelt Middle School lies on the North West side of the Park. to accommodate the elderly, disabled and tourist visitors. neighboring communities.

Opportunities

Threats

Weaknesses One of the main concerns with Balboa Park is the disconnect that exists between the Park and its surrounding neighborhoods. Current access to

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There is a great amount of available parking that currently exists in Balboa Stadium parking lots, San Diego City College parking lots, and garages. These parking garages and lots accommodate a very large amount of vehicles that can be utilized during the weekends to supplement Balboa Park Parking. Integration of shared vehicle use within parking structures and parking lots should be implemented, in order to support sustainable alternative modes of transportation to the park and surrounding tourist attractions.

The Park is currently under utilized, not enough people have reasonable access to the Park. The reason is that the Park has adopted an auto-centric mentality to the current design of the Park. If we plan on embracing stainability to the fullest extent, we need to begin at the heart of our most valuable resource, our public space.

SWOT

Having these learning institutions within the Parks boarders, allows for the expansion of the Park to infiltrate within the educational facilities and throughout, enhancing the experience of the park and expanding the parks area.


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Balboa Park

Walk to the Park Redevelopment Plan By Julia Cota Through research and investigation, the need to make Balboa Park a more pedestrian accessible, walkable Park emerged. The current state of the park is a bordered edged inaccessible to the majority of its surrounding neighborhoods, with only a few access points by car. The current circumstances make access to the park a difficult and far fetched option for the a large portion of the population that doesn’t own a car, and/or chooses not to.

Transit stations are conveniently located at drop-off/pick-up locations along the transit route and existing parking structures will serve as parking for Park visitors. The existing parking structures and lots are conveniently located within the Park District, SDHS parking lots East of the Balboa Stadium, New City College Parking Structures; C St. & 17th St. 10 story parking garage and Broadway & 16th St. 5 story parking garage will be South of the Spreckels Organ Pavillion will stem Lake Park, it will oversee utilized, and Petco Parking Lot will also be used to accommodate the the re implemented Balboa Park Lake. The natural land formations Park visitors, located on John Nolen Parkway & Imperial Ave. Transit Hub In a collaborative venture Balboa Park Walk To The Park Redevelopment surrounding the current Police Horse Stable, suggest a perfect site for Stations will be incorporated into the Parking Structures and integrated Plan emerged, an attempt is made to restore the grounds of the park to the integration of a lake. into The Balboa Park Transit System. its community and visitors. The removal of the majority of parking has been implemented with the exception of a central parking lot south of the All great parks share the use of water formations to soothe the minds This Plan intends on reintegrating the pedestrian experience into Balboa Alcazar Garden. This parking Lot will serve handicapped, vale, and drop- and souls of its visitors, adding to the health and humane benefits of park Park and envisioning the public transportation needs of the present off parking spots, to meet the needs of the disabled and other pertinent water features. population and the 1.69 million city population forecasted for 2030 and parties. beyond. It is up to us to design responsibly, effectively and efficiently. Westward Pan American Plaza will be returned to the people watchers, Now it is time to implement the strategies for the present-future. Following the removal of internal parking lots and roads, will emerge casual strollers, and pedestrian use. Opening the plaza to vendors and the design and layout of open communal plazas. The expansion of The street performances, the Pan American Plaza will live once again, and Plaza de Panama will emerge, allowing the plaza to extend South to the fulfill its purpose of a plaza, to serve the needs and uses of its people. Spreckels Organ Pavillion. In order to make Balboa Park accessible to the pedestrian of its The extension allows for an elongated expansion of the plaza to emerge, surrounding neighborhoods and visitors, The Balboa Park Transit making Plaza de Panama the central largest public gathering space in System has been designed to meet the needs of the current and future the Heart of Balboa Park. masses of population, requiring convenient access to Balboa Park and the Waterfront. East of The Plaza de Panama will emerge a new Spanish Village Plaza, it will develop from the Spanish Village and draw a connection to El Prado The Balboa Park Transit System aims to connect the surrounding and the Bea Evenson Fountain. This connection to the center of The communities of the Park and provide a more accessible experience, to Prado will draw the public to the redeveloped Spanish Village, and into and within, the Park and the Water Front. Implementing a transit system its romanticized experience, guiding people through a boulevard walk, that takes people through the center of the Park and through the Water beautiful and well lit, guiding into the Spanish Village. The addition of a Front and back. ice/skating rink East of the Spanish Village will be implemented, adding to the romanticizing experience of the place, and drawing more people and the youth to experience the plaza. The Historic Childrens Train Station will be expanded into a park that integrates Westward along the Spanish Village, and to the East a new Childrens playground will serve the children of our communities and visitors, neighboring the Carousel and Historic Childrens Train Station.

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South of Bea Evenson Fountain lies the Reuben H. Fleet Science Center. South of the Museum we find the existing parking lot, that will serve as the site for the expansion of a New Science Museum. It will be a place to marvel at the latest advancements in science and technology, serving to educate its visitors and inspire our future generations.


Public Transportation Two-way Traffic

Ice Skating Rink Spanish Village Plaza

2

Removal

Plaza de Panama

California Plaza

El Prado Cabrillo Bridge

5

Handicaped, Vale & Dropoff Parking Lot

Science Center Museum Extension

4

Lake Park

Parkway

6

9 Am Pla eri za can

Rose Garden Bridge

Park Trails

7

Childrens Play Ground

10

Balboa Lake

Pa n

8

Carousel

Spanish Village Plaza

3

Vehicular Transit

1

John Nolen

1. Adding Childrens Playground - 0.08057851 Acres 2. Spanish Village Plaza Parking Lot to Plaza - 2.95684114 Acres 3. Plaza de Panama Parking Lot to Plaza 1.5048209 Acres 4. Rose Garden Bridge New - 0.1147842 Acres 5. Expansion of Science Center from Parking Lot- 1.5059688 Acres 6. Childrens Playground Expansion from Parking Lot - 0.1221304 Acres 7. Parking Lot/Return to Park - 0.99173554 Acres 8. Pan American Plaza from Parking Lot to Plaza - 2.81221304 Acres 9. Parking Lot/Return to Park - 4.06910009 Acres 10. Police Horse Stable & Parking Lot/Return to Park - 1.1363636 Acres

Train Station Park

John Nolen Pa rkway

The changes being proposed would grow the park by approximately 16 acres.

Balboa Park Walk To The Park Redevelopment Plan

Childrens Play Ground

len

o nN

Joh

Gateway Plaza

y wa k r Pa

Memorial Park

Park Walk

Park G atewa y Entry

Tran s Hub it

Parking Structure

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Midterm Presentation, AR403, June 15, 2013.


Reigniting Balboa Park By Julia Cota

I will be presenting Design Solutions for Plaza de California, Plaza de Panama and a Transit Proposal through the Heart of the Park. Balboa Parks Plazas have continuously been an ongoing controversial Design Challenge. This is the reason why we are offering two distinct proposals for the design of Plaza de California and Plaza de Panama. With the hopes of offering a more diverse and broad perspective to what the Plazas could become. “ Make no little plans. They have no magic to stir men’s blood and probably will not themselves be realized. Make big plans; aim high in hope and work, remembering that a noble, logical diagram once recorded will not die, but long after we are gone, be a living thing, asserting itself with ever growing insistence.” - Daniel Burnham

Activating Plaza de California Attributes and Benefits of New Design

Plaza de California 1915

Activation of space is allowed for by the integration of new facilities, including:

The Plaza de California was historically used as a pedestrian square during the 1915-16 Exposition, and later during the 1935-36 Exposition.

Fine Dining Restaurant is located on the South West side of Plaza de California. The restaurant will merges with the existing, historic Saint Francis Chapel and will allow for a distinct experience at the gateway into Balboa Park. Visitor Center/Gift Shop will provide guidance to museum and park visitors and travelers. All new locales will become income generators for the Museum of Man. Desserts, Coffee & Ice Cream shop will offer a more casual and light snacking experience. Outdoor dining, shading umbrellas, and trees will adorn the South side of the plaza. Interactive fountains will serve as barriers to traffic and serve as seating benches for pedestrians when traffic flows through the plaza. Fountains are also removable for events when all traffic is blocked. Water spouts then emerge from the floor and serve to entertain and cool the micro climate of the space and open the entire plaza. Bicycle Parking will allow the cycler the opportunity to enjoy the spontaneous space at any time. “The least a democratic society should do is offer people wonderful public spaces. Public spaces are not a frivolity. They are just as important as hospitals and schools. They create a sense of belonging. This creates a different type of society - a society where people of all income levels meet in public space is a more integrate, socially healthier one.” - Enrique Penalosa

Image Source: Heritage Architecture & Civitas

64

“The least a democratic society should do is offer people wonderful public spaces. Public spaces are not a frivolity. They are just as important as hospitals and schools. They create a sense of belonging. This creates a different type of society - a society where people of all income levels meet in public space is a more integrate, socially healthier one.” - Enrique Penalosa


Activating Plaza de California

Museum of Man Admin. Bicycle Parking

Legend Fine Dining Restaurant Saint Francis Chapel

Visitor Center/ Gift Shop

Desserts, Coffee & Ice Cream

Outdoor Seating 4 Tables 12 chairs Fountain Bench Bicycle Racks

80’ 40’

160’

Final Presentation, AR403, June 20, 2013.

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Transit Proposal Through The Hearth Of The Park

Park Transit Proposal

Alcazar Parking Lot Reconfiguration

By Julia Cota

We have addressed issues and situations that will shape the future of Park Vehicular Transit Access Hours M-Sat. 10:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. the Park, by configuring ways to connect the natural environment, the historic built environment and the adjacent neighborhoods. The Park will Close Access to motorized vehicles, M-Sat. 6:00 p.m. -10:00 a.m. & Sunday. My focus was to find an effective and efficient way to tame traffic in the Park, by providing a transit service that runs conveniently through the City College Parking Garages will Supplement Parking needs, when park. And returned parking lots to people-use. major events take place at Balboa Park. “An analysis is more than a description: it is how the space is used, how Locations: it frames the urban environment, does it work as a place?” - Mike Stepner • Russ Blvd. & 17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage “The least a democratic society should do is offer people wonderful public • Russ Blvd. & 16th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Lot spaces. Public spaces are not a frivolity. They are just as important as hospitals and schools. They create a sense of belonging. This creates • C Street & 17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Lot a different type of society - a society where people of all income levels meet in public space is a more integrate, socially healthier one.” • C Street &17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage - Enrique Penalosa • C Street &17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage • Broadway & 16th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage

66

Offers: 90 Total Potential Parking Spaces • 50 ADH Parking Spaces • 30 Valet Parking Spaces • 10 Shared Vehicle Spaces

“Every city worthy of the name has public parks of some sort, and they are now recognized as a necessity of city life, just as streets and water and schools are a necessity. They contribute to the pleasure and the health of urban populations more than any other recreative feature, and furnish the most necessary and valuable antidote to the artificiality, confusion and feverishness of city life.” - John Nolen, Handbook of City Planning, circa 1910


Transit Proposal Through The Hearth Of The Park The San Diego Museum of Art

Wifi 4 All Work Stations

Millennium Plaza

Sculpture Garden Cafe

Timken Museum

San Diego Museum of Art Auditorium

Wifi 4 All Work Stations

Museum of Man

Prado Promenade

Admin. Bicycle Parking

Legend Outdoor Seating 3 Tables 12 chairs Fountain Bench

Shared Byciles & Parking

Fine Dinning Restaurant

Visitor Center

Deserts, Coffee & Ice Cream

House of Hospitality

Mingei International Museum

Bicycle Racks Saint Francis Chapel

El Prado Restaurant

Legend Outdoor Seating 3 tables 12 chairs Wifi 4 All Work Stations solar powered charge connections, benches, chairs & tables. Outdoor Seating 1 table 4 chairs

Legend 9’ 18’

5’

ADH Parking Spaces

Art & Performance Spaces

Valete Parking Spaces

Sculptures

Shared Vehicles

Craft Work Stations

8’ 21’

Shared Bikes & Bicycle Parking Potential Tram Stop

20’

40’

80’

Final Presentation, AR403, June 20, 2013.

67


Transit Proposal Through The Hearth Of The Park

Park Transit Proposal

Alcazar Parking Lot Reconfiguration

By Julia Cota

We have addressed issues and situations that will shape the future of Park Vehicular Transit Access Hours M-Sat. 10:00 a.m. - 6:00 p.m. the Park, by configuring ways to connect the natural environment, the historic built environment and the adjacent neighborhoods. The Park will Close Access to motorized vehicles, M-Sat. 6:00 p.m. -10:00 a.m. & Sunday. My focus was to find an effective and efficient way to tame traffic in the Park, by providing a transit service that runs conveniently through the City College Parking Garages will Supplement Parking needs, when park. And returned parking lots to people-use. major events take place at Balboa Park. “An analysis is more than a description: it is how the space is used, how Locations: it frames the urban environment, does it work as a place?” - Mike Stepner • Russ Blvd. & 17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage “The least a democratic society should do is offer people wonderful public • Russ Blvd. & 16th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Lot spaces. Public spaces are not a frivolity. They are just as important as hospitals and schools. They create a sense of belonging. This creates • C Street & 17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Lot a different type of society - a society where people of all income levels meet in public space is a more integrate, socially healthier one.” • C Street &17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage - Enrique Penalosa • C Street &17th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage • Broadway & 16th Street, San Diego, CA - Parking Garage

68

Offers: 90 Total Potential Parking Spaces • 50 ADH Parking Spaces • 30 Valet Parking Spaces • 10 Shared Vehicle Spaces

“Every city worthy of the name has public parks of some sort, and they are now recognized as a necessity of city life, just as streets and water and schools are a necessity. They contribute to the pleasure and the health of urban populations more than any other recreative feature, and furnish the most necessary and valuable antidote to the artificiality, confusion and feverishness of city life.” - John Nolen, Handbook of City Planning, circa 1910


Transit Proposal Through The Hearth Of The Park The San Diego Museum of Art

Wifi 4 All Work Stations

Millennium Plaza

Sculpture Garden Cafe

Timken Museum

San Diego Museum of Art Auditorium

Wifi 4 All Work Stations

Museum of Man

Prado Promenade

Admin. Bicycle Parking

Legend Outdoor Seating 3 Tables 12 chairs Fountain Bench

Shared Byciles & Parking

Fine Dinning Restaurant

Visitor Center

Deserts, Coffee & Ice Cream

House of Hospitality

Mingei International Museum

Bicycle Racks Saint Francis Chapel

El Prado Restaurant

Legend Outdoor Seating 3 tables 12 chairs Wifi 4 All Work Stations solar powered charge connections, benches, chairs & tables. Outdoor Seating 1 table 4 chairs

Legend 9’ 18’

5’

ADH Parking Spaces

Art & Performance Spaces

Valete Parking Spaces

Sculptures

Shared Vehicles

Craft Work Stations

8’ 21’

Shared Bikes & Bicycle Parking Potential Tram Stop

20’

40’

80’

Final Presentation, AR403, June 20, 2013.

69


The first map shows all the parks available for downtown residents of San Diego. As you can see there isn’t many parks space for the residents to enjoy downtown. With the addition of two parks downtown by the pedestrian bridge it could hoe revitalize east village and give downtown residence more park space. Below is a list of all the parking lots downtown for parking on games days, as you can see there is plenty of parking even by taking about two lots for the parks.

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The Bay to the Park Sara Gross and Elwin Baltazar

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Park to Bay connection with John Nolen Parkway

72

John Nolen (American landscape architect) was a huge influence on San Diego and the way it is designed now. East Village is the last area in downtown San Diego that need to be revitalized. What better way to do that then with a green link between Balboa and Downtown San Diego residents. East Village has great potential to be a great place to live and work. With the educational institutions, Petco, and the new addition of the new Main Public Library lets East Village live up to it’s new name of the Idea District name. The new proposed trolley line that will take you from downtown to Balboa and rent-able bike along with upgrades to John Nolen parkway the possible are endless.


Downtown San Diego

This map shows all the parks that are available for the downtown residents of San Diego. Has you can see there isn’t very many parks for the residents of downtown area. With the addition of two parks downtown by the pedestrian bridge, it could help revitalize East Village and give downtown residents more park space. Below is a list of all the parking lost in downtown San Diego. I have this list to show all the available parking for game days at Petco Park.

green space vs. parking

S T

E ST

Pato a Park

ST

GasLamp Quarter

G ST

Tuna Harbor Park

M KET ucco Park

SL N

ST

Seaport Village

East Village

ML King Promanada Park

Embarcadero Marina North Park

Embarcadero Marina South Park

K ST

Convention Center

PADRES PREFERRED PARKING Lot # Parking Lot/Garage Capacity Price Address Notes Tailgate Park 1,000 Imperial, 12th-14th, K St Padres Parkade 1,000 440 11th Ave; Enter from 10th Ave Lexus Premier Lot (D1/D2) 430 Imperial Ave at 11th Ave PARKING ADJACENT TO PETCO PARK (will sell out on weekends and other large crowd games) Lot # Parking Lot/Garage Capacity Address Notes 1 MTS Garage 1,000 1255 Imperial Ave 2 6th & K Parkade 1,000 289 6th Avenue 3 C Lot 520 Park Blvd and Imperial Ave 4 DiamondView Towers 250 350 10th Avenue 5 Omni Hotel 200 675 L Street **On Opening Day, Weekends and all large crowd games utilize the following public parking locations:

The Bay to Park

New Publicc libary

Petco Park Parking Options

HARBOR DRIVE PARKING (short walk to Petco Park via pedestrian bridge) Lot # Parking Lot/Garage Capacity Address 6 Bayfront Hilton Garage 1,800 Harbor Drive at Hilton 7 San Diego Convention Center 1,600 111 West Harbor Dr 8 SD Marriott & Marina 700 333 West Harbor Dr Self & valet parking available 9 Manchester Grand Hyatt 700 1 Market Place (at Harbor Drive) 10 FAL Lot 215 $10-$15 Convention Way (behind SDCC) DOWNTOWN PARKING (all within 5-15 minute walk to Petco Park) Lot # Parking Lot/Garage Capacity Address Notes 11 Horton Plaza 2,150 324 Horton Plaza; Enter from F or G St 12 707 Broadway 700 707 Broadway; Enter from 7th or 8th Ave 13 525 B Street 600 525 B Street; Enter from 6th Ave 14 Park it on Market 500 614 Market Street; Enter from 6th or 7th Ave 15 Horton Pacific 400 1069 1st Avenue 16 225 Broadway (NBC 375 225 Broadway; Enter from Broadway Circle 18 8th and C Lot 250 8th Ave and C St 19 1289 8th Avenue Lot 18 1249 8th Ave 20

11th and C Lot

100

1095 10th Ave

Sara Gross and Elwin Baltazar

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John Nolen Parkway Pocket Parks

Adding pocket parks along john Nolen Parkway can add essential green ares to downtown that will also give residents a nice visual cue that they are getting closer to Balboa Park. Also by adding seating, decorative bike racks and potted plants you can enhance East Village pride in their community. This view of John Nolen Parkway Shows the one lane of traffic as been turned into a bike land and the sidewalks have been made wider. This view also shows a one of the possible pocket parks, rentable bikes, seating, and bike racks.

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Section cut of John Nolen Parkway

Plan view of a section of John Nolen Parkway


This view shows that, the road has been taken in and the one lane of traffic as been turned into a bike lane, and place to rent bikes to ride to the park or around downtown.

Green Seating area This type of seating could also be used for planting flowers or just grass. By adding this type of seating verse a whole green strip of grass, you will have more control over the Maintenance. This type of seating could also give East village more of an identity.

Green Seating planters

MagicBand

Decorative Bike racks would line John Nolen Parkway. The racks could be art displays for the new idea district known as East Village

Planters that could go up down John Nolen Parkway

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Outdoor Amphitheater/ new tailgating area

This outdoor space could be used for a number of things. Outdoor amphitheater or outdoor music concerts, gather place for marathons, and new green tailgating space

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By adding a mixed used parking garage you can gain back the parking that is being turned into park space. This parking garage would be have levels that would vary in height and be open, much like the one in Miami beach. There would be shops at the bottom and with the ceiling heights varying you would have space for tailgating. also with the addition of apartments around the edges of the space you can add density that will in sure that the area will be not just be dead space when there isn’t baseball games.

77


Pedestrian bridge landing Park

This park would have a nice water feature that would be the center of focused. With a children’s park(brown area) and theater houses, seating, picnic tables, shade trees and other plants that are natural to the area of San Diego.

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This park could be an addition to the pedestrian bridge. It could also service as a link between the bay front and downtown, and downtown to balboa park.

79


80


Downtown & The Park 81


5

163 163 ParkBlvd.

94

Freeway Bridge Plan San Diego Harbor

Vicinity Map Balboa Stadium Plan

City College Plan

Proposed Site Plan

Balboa Park Redevelopment

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Downtown San Diego Educational Facilities As one of four main components of the I.D.E.A. District, education is a major component of San Diego especially along Park Blvd. With facilities such as the Thomas Jefferson School of Law and the Newschool of Architecture and Design, Park Blvd is filled with a young and vibrant atmosphere. It has created a great environment for young adults and has given Park Blvd opportunities for development.

Downtown San Diego Public Transit Public transportation in Downtown San Diego runs through Park Blvd and into Smart Corner. At this time, the only way to reach Balboa Park is by vehicular access. Because of this, Balboa park is littered with massive parking lots on either side of the entrance by Park Blvd accross the freeway bridge, ultimately, cutting it off to Downtown. It is our intention to reconnect Downtown to Balboa Park through a series of development, mainly the reemergence of the Class 1 Streetcar. The proposed streetcar will take visitors and residents alike to the bay where Petco Park and the Convention Center is located from University Ave where great communities are located and through Balboa Park. The streetcar will enable us to rid of the parking lots inside the park and place them at strategical points at either end of the route. Users of the streetcar will be able to park their cars then ride the streetcar through beautiful Hillcrest, Balboa Park, and Downtown San Diego.

SD Trolley

range Line Blue Line

Roosevelt Middle School San Diego High School San Diego City College Newschool of Architecture+Design Thomas Jefferson School of Law San Diego Central Library

Site Challenges

SD Trolley

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Downtown San Diego Freeway Ramps

Park Blvd 163N 5N - 163N 163S - 5S 163S - Park Blvd

Freeway ramps along Park Blvd has created a hazardous environment for pedestrians and discouraged walking from downtown to the park all together. With multiple educational facilities along park, pedestrians should be encouraged to walk instead of riding their vehicles. By proposing to eliminate the freeway entry and exits along the Park Blvd, a more pedestrian friendly environment will be created. Alternative routes to the freeway will then be located on A Street to enter the park and B Street to exit.

Proposed Underground Parking

Downtown San Diego Existing Parking

A Street Existing Ramp

B Street

Site Challenges

84

Exisiting parking lots has created a less than ideal entry to Balboa Park. It runs parallel Alternative Route to Park Blvd across the freeway bridge and Through is the first area visitors see coming from A St & B St Downtown San Diego. By enabling the streecar through Balboa Park, parking lots could be moved to either end of the route to create a park and ride system. Placing parking underground will also create opportunity for more green space and museum space to be created.


P P Pre

sid

ent

sW

ay Gateway Buildings Comic-Con Museum - In relation to the the home of Comic-Con, the SD Convention Center San Diego Athletic Museum - Museum to commemorate San Diego Achievements from little league world series to professional titles, records, and achievements

5 Freeway

kw Joh

nN

ole

nP

New athletic facilities for the public and the High School and College to reenforce connection to Balboa Park intended for both private and public use Elimination of Freeway Ramps to create a more pedestrian friendly John Nolen Pkwy.

P

Structured and surface parking New Structure

0’

100’

200’

300’

Freeway Bridge Plan

y.

P

85


Pk wy .

Outdoor seating and viewing during special events

Jo

hn

No

len

Movie night at the park with big screen and plenty of grass space to bring the family and enjoy what the park can offer at night

Balboa Stadium renovated and increased capacity to 20,000+ will continue to host HS football games as well as the SD Soccers and various others events such as concerts and community gatherings

P P

Russ Blvd. street access and redesign

Russ Blvd.

P

Structured and surface parking New Structure

0’

86

100’

200’

300’

Balboa Stadium Plan

San Diego High School Integration

0


Russ Blvd .

P

Open green space and integration of redeveloped John Nolen Pkwy. into City College in conjunction with the current master planfor SD City College. Will create a better connection to Balboa Park through

P

John Nolenwy. Pk

crawls through the college and into the downtown neighborhoods

B St .

P

P C St . 16th . St

15th . St

14th . St

13th . St

P

P

P

Structured and surface parking New Structure

0’

100’

200’

300’

City College Plan

San Diego City College integration to Balboa Park emphasizing the existing axis on 15th St. while also emphasizing the importanceof 16th St. as a key access to the renovated Balboa Stadium. Private City College structured parking that are otherwise vacant during the evening and weekends will now be available for Balboa Park use and Stadium parking

87


Surface of Freeway Bridge

88


Redeveloped Balboa Stadium 89


Decking the Freeway

Additionally, the implentation of this bridge will highlight the axis through the Plaza de Panama, Organ Pavillion, and Balboa Stadium. This axis will me emphasized through pedestrian walkways as well as by bringing Balboa Stadium into prominence once again

y

90

The bridge that will now be spanning the freeway will be crucial in reconnecting downtown and Balboa Park. By doing this, the effects of the freeway cutting through the park will beminimized while also providing more park area. The expansion of the John Nolen Pkwy bridge will fuse the High School and College intoBalboa Park and will create additional facilities for these institutions that will be shared with the public.


It will have more uses and functions and will thus bring in more revenue for future projects and events while simultaneously providing more entertainment for tourists and residence alike. The new Balboa Stadium will also give the original street boundary of Balboa Park, Russ Blvd, more importance by being an access street to the new stadium as well as the new freeway bridge.

Restoration of Balboa Stadium & Russ Blvd

As previously stated, The restoration and renovation of Balboa Stadium will become an integral part of our efforts to reconnect Downtown to Balboa Park.

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1 1 1

2

2

Freeway affects students who walk to and from each respective school and provides safety hazards from pedestrians

Entry to Balboa Park by walking is hindered by freeway ramp and fast moving vehicles encouraging visitors and tourists to rely on cars

What used to be a sea of parking lots on either side of John Nolen Pkwy, two new museums, the Comin Con and Sports Museum, will now frame the entrance to Balboa Park from downtown San Diego further reinforcing our efforts to reconnect the two together.

92

The view towards Balboa Park will now be more inviting and will feel more natural with the improvementsto John Nolen Pkwy and the new transit system

Freeway Ramp Conditions Framing the entrance

2


Section Perspective through Interstate 5 93


94


South East Balboa Park Kelly Macdonald | Paula Romero Aznar

95


Plan for Balboa Park Golf Course & Operations Yard HISTORY, NATURE & LEARNING The southeastern portion of Balboa Park includes the golf courses, City Operations Facilities, Golden Hill Community Center, and Switzer Canyon. Our analysis studies multiple facets of these functions and addresses possible alternatives to their uses. Balboa Park Golf Course: The use of the land for golfing purposes began loosely in the late 1800’s and was later officially opened in 1921. There are two courses, a standard par 72 18-hole course, and a smaller “executive” 9-hole course that borders the southeastern edge of the park. A current plan is in place to renovate the existing clubhouse and parking facilities, that is proposed to be completed in 2014, at a cost of approximately 12 million dollars. This proposal was created by the Dahlin Group has been approved by the city. The 18-hole course will not be modified, but the 9-hole course will have to be partially redesigned to make room for the larger buildings and parking lot. We are compiling a proposal to transform the 9-hole course into community gardens, a children’s park and an equestrian center. With a push for San Diego to become a contender for the 2024 Olympics, the strategic use of this open space is crucial.

trails would connect to the already vast amount of trails throughout the park. Pershing Drive & supporting roads: Most of the roads surrounding the golf course and operations yard are not pedestrian friendly and do not follow the principles of “complete streets”. We would propose to modify/move and improve the roads surrounding the course, making them easier to access and maneuver on foot or bicycle. The ultimate goal is to help Balboa Park grow to better serve residents and visitors safely, comfortably and completely. It is a constantly changing process and the park will always evolve over time. The next phase of the plan will address not only the upcoming 2015 Centennial, but issues that concern San Diego for the next 100 years.

City Operations Yard: The storage and maintenance yard for the San Diego’s operations (offices, materials, equipment & vehicles) actually sits on park designated land, and was ordered to be moved many years ago. Lack of better location and financial investment is what is keeping it at a very important transitional area of Golden Hill and the IDEA district. Our goal is to find a better solution for its location and repurpose the approx. 14 acres into something more beneficial to the local community and visitors of Balboa Park and downtown. Some ideas are a Farmer’s Market and an artisan’s community. The existing buildings could be modified and added onto to accomplish these purposes. Golden Hill Community Center: This center includes community buildings, sports fields, and a small park area with views to downtown. The facilities are run down and under-utilized, so part of the proposal will include an expansion with community gardens. Switzer Canyon & surrounding trails: Switzer Canyon is not officially part of Balboa Park, but directly connects the park to surrounding residential areas. The goal of our proposal would be to protect the natural habitat and designate specific areas for trails, whether by adding the land to the park or through the Canyonlands organization. These

96 SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK

| INTRODUCTION

-Kelly Macdonald & Paula Romero Aznar


STRENGTHS

Generally well-maintained, clean, healthy landscape; good community interaction and utilization; profitable to the City; youth programs benefit local schools; already a facilities improvement plan in place approved by the City.

WEAKNESSES

Perimeter areas of course need better transition to residential zones; Golden Hill Park is under-utilized; the City’s Public Works Station is on park property; the course is adjacent to a brownfield that cannot be built on at this point; the course uses a lot of potentially valuable park space for essentially a private use; there is a definite lack of connection to the Prado, Balboa Stadium, and the more urban sections of the park.

OPPORTUNITIES

Potential to convert the executive 9-hole portion of the golf course to park, recreation and/or garden areas; potential to convert the existing public works property to a public use better connected to Balboa Stadium; potential to gain Switzer Canyon as protected park space; potential to make better connection to pedestrians from the Prado.

THREATS

Community has previously rejected ideas to convert 9-hole course to another use; lack of a better location for the Public Works facilities may prevent them from relocation; loss of the 9-hole course could lose money for the City; lack of government funds to make substantial changes.

SWOT

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | S.W.O.T. ANALYSIS

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98


CITY OPERATIONS YARD

GOLDEN HILL PARK

COMMUNITY GARDEN TRAILS CONNECT THE OLD OPERATIONS YARD WITH GOLDEN HILL PARK AND THE NEW CHILDRENS PARK.

NORTH ENTRANCE ON 26 STREET. SECONDARY ENTRANCE WITH PARKING.

GOLDEN HILL NEIGHBORHOOD

PERSH

SOUTH ENTRANCE ON B STREET & 19TH. PROVIDE PLAZA ENTRANCE TO VISITORS FROM DOWNTOWN. PARKING.

ING DR

IVE

NAVAL HOSPITAL

TO EAST VILLAGE AREA

BALBOA PARK GOLF COURSE & GOLDEN HILL PARK

NEW GOLF COURSE CLUBHOUSE TO BE COMPLETED BY 2014. PLAN IN PLACE BY CITY. NEW EQUESTRIAN CENTER

NAVAL HOSPITAL

NEW CHILDRENS PARK AND COMMUNITY GARDENS TO TAKE PLACE OF 9-HOLE COURSE

GOLDEN HILL PARK

COMMUNITY GARDEN TRAILS CONNECT THE OLD OPERATIONS YARD WITH GOLDEN HILL PARK AND THE NEW CHILDRENS PARK.

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | NEW USES

RENOVATE EXISTING COMMUNITY CENTER INCLUDING BALLFIELDS D ULEVAR

RUSS BO

GOLDEN HILL NEIGHBORHOOD

NEW ENTRANCE TO GOLDEN HILL PARK & COMMUNITY GARDENS ON RUSS BLVD & 28TH STREET.

PROPOSED USES

FLEXIBLE EVENT SPACE CAN BE USED FOR FARMERS MARKETS, ART SHOWS, PUBLIC EVENTS.

REFURBISHED EXISTING OPERATIONS BUILDINGS. CAN BE REUSED AS ARTIST STUDIOS, LIGHT MANUFACTURING, GREENHOUSES AND STORAGE

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IDEA: to make the canyon accesible and integrated into the park.

SWITZER CANYON

TRAILS The trail system of balboa park should be expanded to include switzer canyon as protected park land. The area should maintain a proper trail system that connects to the park and is accessible for local residents. Any trail structures or modifications should be done minimally and sensitively to the surrounding vegetation and wildlife.

100SOUTHEAST PARK | TRAILS & SWITZER CANYON BALBOA PARK BALBOA GOLF COURSE & SURROUNDING AREAS | TRAILS AND SWITZER CANYON


IDEA: Convert 9-hole Executive Golf Course to Community Gardens + Children’s Park

The proposed plan keeps the 18-hole northern course and convert the 9-hole executive course to community gardens, children’s park and recreational facilities, including an equestrian center. This proposal designates a better use for the community while still keeping the golf course within the park. The replacing functions would better suit park purposes, create sustainable practices and education, and expand the area around Golden Hill Park. The recreational facilities will be expanded and will create less maintenance cost for the city.

PROPOSED USES

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | COMMUNITY GARDENS

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The City Operations Yard was ordered to be moved years ago, as it resides on park land. This project removes the yard from park property to create a space more appropriate to the area. The reuse will propose an open-air market for the community, which can be stocked with the products from the community garden. It would also propose an area for free art exhibitions and creation of art. This would benefit users of the park, tourism, and surrounding neighborhoods, by promoting sustainable practices and local growth.

IDEA: repurpose the City Operations yard for a farmer’s market & art center

102SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK

| CITY OPERATIONS YARD CONVERSION

PROPOSED USES

IDEA: Reuse the City Operations Yard as a market + art center


Reclaiming the Yard: An Adaptive Reuse of the City Operations Yard

BALBOA MARKET SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | CITY OPERATIONS YARD CONVERSION TO FARMER’S MARKET

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rants. This would be es and local growth. KELLY MACDONALD | AR403 | SPRING 2013

HIGHTLIGHTS

NAVY MEDICAL CENTER 26TH

SITE

STREE

T

SAN DIEGO, CALIF SOUTHEAST COR HILL AND EAST VI ED ON B STREET

17

3 FARMER’S MARKET

VE

NG

I DR

I SH

R

PE 5 BIOSWAIL WITH

20

WALKING PATH

16

5 13

10

CHILDREN’S VEGETABLE GARDENS

15

14

19 ADAPT UNDERPASS TO PUBLIC PARK SPACE

12

10

11

GOLDEN HILL PARK

18

9 RUSS BLVD

8

3

CITY COLLEGE

6

City Operations Yard: The storage a tions (offices, materials, equipment & and was ordered to be moved many investment is what is keeping it at a v the IDEA district. Our goal is to find a the approx. 17 acres into something tors of Balboa Park and downtown. of a 2024 Olympics, the maximization for this project is to ‘grow the park’, m lized for purposes other than public/p

A STREET

4

GOLDEN HILL

2

PROPOSED

7

1 MAIN ENTRANCE

3 CORE FARMER’S

2 ART GALLERY

MARKET BUILDINGS 4 EXPANSION SHADE STRUCTURES

& RESTAURANT

5 BIOSWAIL WITH WALKING PATH 6 ADMINISTRATIVE OFFICES

104SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK

7 MARKET CAFE 8 TRAIL HEAD

20TH

19TH

BALBOA MARKET SITE PLAN

1

B STREET

9 CHILDREN’S PLAYGROUND CHILDREN’S VEGETABLE 10 GARDENS

21ST

19

BALBOA MARKET

BALB

SOUTH EAST

GOLF COURSE

11 ARTIST STUDIOS

13 BOTANICAL GARDENS

12 SCULPTURE GARDEN

14 GREENHOUSES

15 OUTDOOR EVENT SPACE 16 MAINTENANCE BUILDINGS

17 SECONDARY ENTRANCE

19 ADAPT UNDERPASS TO PUBLIC PARK SPACE

18 TRAILS TO GOLDEN HILL PARK & COMMUNITY GARDENS

20 ADDED GREENERY TO

| CITY OPERATIONS YARD CONVERSION TO FARMER’S MARKET

PERSHING DRIVE


rants. This would benefit users of Balboa park, tourism, and surrounding neighborhoods, by promoting sustainable practices and local growth.

BALBOAPARK

SOUTH EAST

EXISTING BUILDINGS

SITE SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA SOUTHEAST CORNER OF BALBOA PARK, BETWEEN GOLDEN HILL AND EAST VILLAGE (DOWNTOWN). ENTRANCE IS LOCATED ON B STREET & 19TH.

SUSTAINABILITY

DROUGHT TOLERANT RECYCLED BUILDING PRODUCTS LANDSCAPING. Landscaping includes succulants, desert grasses and native trees that require minimal water use and maintenance.

PARK

Using recycled building products such as steel and reclaimed lumber greatly reduces landfill waste.

PROPOSAL The City Operations Yard was ordered to be moved in 1960, over 53 years ago, as it resides on park land. This project removes the yard from park property to create a space more appropriate to the area, and more beneficial to the surrounding neighborhoods. The reuse will propose a farmer’s market for the community, which can be stocked with the products from the community garden. It also contains artist studios, sculpture garden, botanical gardens, children’s park, and cafes/ restaurants. This would benefit users of Balboa park, tourism, and surrounding neighborhoods, by promoting sustainable practices and local growth.

TYPOLOGY

City Operations Yard: The storage and maintenance yard for the San Diego’s operations (offices, materials, equipment & vehicles) actually sits on park designated land, and was ordered to be moved many years ago. Lack of better location and financial investment is what is keeping it at a very important transitional area of Golden Hill and the IDEA district. Our goal is to find a better solution for its location and repurpose the approx. 17 acres into something more beneficial to the local community and visitors of Balboa Park and downtown. With the upcoming Centennial and the possibility of a 2024 Olympics, the maximization and flexibility of park space is crucial. The goal for this project is to ‘grow the park’, meaning reclaiming portions that have been utilized for purposes other than public/park use.

PROPOSED

LOS ANGELES FARMER’S MARKET

EXISTING

GRANVILLE ISLAND, VANCOUVER, BC

RPASS ARK SPACE

NERY TO RIVE

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | CITY OPERATIONS YARD CONVERSION TO FARMER’S MARKET

105


PROPOSAL FOR BALBOA PARK REMOVING THE 9-HOLE GOLF COURSE

88GOLF COURSES DIEGOCOUN TY

IN SAN

LOCATION OF INTERVENTIONS 106 SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK

| COMMUNITY GARDENS

Wa lking

W eightli fting

Wa lking

Fishing

Bascketball

Golf

Cycling

$$


K 1

SPORT LANE AEROBIC AND CYCLE LANE BORDERS THE PARK. BENCHES AND TABLES OF FREE USE AROUND THE SPORTS LANE.

2 GENERATION OF INTERIOR PATHS PATHS GENERATED BY CONECTING TWO POINTS WITH SPORTS LANE. DIVISIONS OF PATHS BY OPEN GREEN SPACES. GREEN AREAS FOR RECREATION VARIOUS TYPES OF TREES AND PLANTS THROUGHOUT THE PARK

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | COMMUNITY GARDENS

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GREEN OPEN AREAS LIBERATE GREEN AREAS FOR FREE USE - AND RE CREATION. CHILDREN PLAYGROUNDS NEAR THE GARDENS TO ENTERTAIN ADULTS AND CHILDREN.

4

COMMUNITY GARDENS OPEN SPACES WITH GARDEN BEDS FOR THE COMMUNITY TO PLANT AND PRODUCE THEIR OWN FOOD. CREATE A SENSE OF COMMUNITY AND CONNEC TION WITH THE PARK.

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SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | COMMUNITY GARDENS

COMMUNITY GARDENS

3


STRATIFI CATION OF ACTIONS STRATIFICATION OF ACTIONS

1

4

A ADDITIONAL PARKING FORLUB C HOUSE CLOSE ROADS TO VEHICLE TRAFFIC

GENERATE INTERIOR PATHS RECREATION CENTER AND PARKING ACT AS NUCLEUS

CONNECT THETWO NUCLEUSWITH PARK BORDERS

2

5

3

CREATE A CYCLE BI TRANSPORT S YSTEM THREE TOP S POIN TS

ACTIVATE PACE S B ETWEEN PATHS

COMMUNI TY GARDEN

6

ACTIVATE BORDERS

SEATING AREAS

REMOVE FENCE

SPORTS PATH

SUPERPOSITION

CHILDRENPARK

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | COMMUNITY GARDENS

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110


COMMUNITY GARDENS

SOUTHEAST BALBOA PARK | COMMUNITY GARDENS

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Balboa Park West Jeff Hague / Juan Vazquez

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Millennium Park: Chicago

Surrounding Building Scale

On the outskirts of the park it is lined by large scale built space the negative space between the buildings becomes important for grand avenue park opening spaces.

Traffic

When placing a park next to traffic lanes it is important to have large sidewalks that are well lit in order to create safety as well as spaces that create comfort separation from traffic and enable enough space for large amounts of foot traffic.

Magnets: Central attractions that can be

seen from the outside of the park that creates intrigue and brings tourism into the park. Creating several meeting spaces.

Water Link: Creating a link from the park

to the water front is important to any city built around water. Even though there is a disconnect due to highway traffic there are bridges and a lake front walk.

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City Park: New Orleans

Millennium Park: Chicago

Wide Walking Lanes:

In order to create spaces that are good for walking and running through the park it is important to create the clear paths that are safe and well lit.

Grand Pedestrian Avenues are important

to handle an influx of people visiting the site on days when large groups will visit. The Avenues like in Millennium Park should open up to the outside street which should have a clear path of negative space.

Grand Entrances:

Beautiful spaces to initiate the park to let the public know where to enter as well as give direction to public transportation. A grand park needs a grand entrance.

Pedestrian bridge ways

in order to negate freeway ambiance that can interrupt the beauty of a park space. It is important to kee park space free of vehicular dangers an influence.

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Balboa Park West S.W.O.T. Analysis

Strengths

- Wide Spaces - Park Patronage - Large Green Spaces

- Mix of Building Heights - Plenty of Residential adjacent to park - Ample parking

Weaknesses

- No Space Dilatation - Weak Ties To The Community - Small Sidewalks - Not Enough Dedicated Children Play Spaces - Poorly Planned Foliage Layout

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Opportunities

- Tie park to bay front through Laurel St. - Reclaim Street space for pedestrian

- Texture & materiality for pedestrian connections to the park - Emphasis NW entrance to park - Create more dedicated children play area - Reconfigure parking to reclaim additional park space

Threats - Friendliness to loitering - Poor pedestrian crossing - Fast moving cars - No buffer between park and traffic

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Park Concept Project Background

Balboa Park

Balboa Park West is the entrance from the harbor and needs to be

celebrated as such. Currently the automobile paths take precedents to pedestrian access, which is a bad start for a par k. This mistake of giving the entrance to the automobile leaves the west side of the park entrance in limbo wasting opportunities for stronger communal ties. We want to give the park entrance back to the pedestrian and form stronger ties to the community west of Sixth Avenue. Also we want to connect the park to the bay front via Laurel Street adding easily accessed public transportation to Balboa Park. Our projections will also add parking spaces and slow traffic to make it a safer and more enjoyable place for patrons to visit. One of the links that we want to project from the park into the community is the addition of pocket parks that would be able to create a continual park statement that would not stop at the boarder of the west green space. The pocket parks would create a larger link and add more spaces that are currently underutilized and reclaim them for public leisure spaces. One such interjection would be street pop outs which could add shaded places to sit and visit without taking up large chunks of land in order to add a welcoming atmosphere for pedestrians going to and from the park spaces. Along with addition of pocket parks we want to link the canyon lands back to Balboa Park via the bridges on Quince Street and Spruce Street. We want to emphasize this connection through the implementation of vegetation and street material pallets in order to create visually beautiful keys. The linking of the park with the canyon lands will add a large amount of square footage to the park and create a more cohesive feel within Bankers Hill, Hillcrest and beyond. We also want to add more delineated children’s spaces within the park specifically at the southwest end that is currently an asphalt parking lot serving very little use. With the addition of parking along Balboa Drive there will be 500 spots for parking a loss of 64 spots at the end of balboa drive will not even be noticed. This space can be repurposed into a green space add larger grilling areas that already exist in the surrounding as well as creating a children’s park space. Also for Balboa Drive we want to make it a space where the caterpillar bus system will be able to travel up and down in order to pick up as many patrons entering the park as possible the proposed turn around space for the bus is one that will take away the least amount of green space from the park and allow the bus to be able to easily make the 180 degree turn.

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0

100 200

400

700


Canyon To Park Bridge Link

Cable Car Line Connection From Park To Bay

6th & Laurel New Round About Intersection

Link To Bay Front

New Balboa Drive Tram Turn Around

Bay Front Linked Space Revised Sixth Street Removal Of 163 Exit/ New Pedestrian Bridge Revised Balboa Drive With Tram Route Bay Front Linked Space

New Proposed Intersections

Embarcadero Visionary Plan Connection From South To Proposed North Harbor Plan

New Picnic Park Space With Kid Park

Expanding the Park

Cable Car Park Stop/Turn Around

Jeff Hague / Juan Vazquez

Balboa Proposal Balboa WestPark Map Legend

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Park Concept Project Background

Sixth Avenues character needs to become less of a pedestrian death trap and more of a park crossing friendly space looking at the projected numbers of cars that drive on the street on a daily basis is 13,018 with our proposal to take out the 163 exit that feeds onto 6th street will be able to detract some from the current traffic from the street. In looking into the numbers that exist on two lane streets in successful boulevards throughout the Americas as well as Europe streets that provide one lane in each direction a median to separate them as well as pop out turn lanes have the capacity to carry over 16,000 vehicles without creating traffic. Sixth Street as it current stands could easily undertake this transformation and still allow for future growth in the area without any complications. There is a large connection from Balboa Park down to San Diego’s bay front, which is screaming to be joined. For our project we are proposing to link these two great features of the city via Laurel Street. Laurel street will not only be for driving cars, but will provide a public transportation system via a cable car that will be able to run from founders point down to where Laurel Street meets Harbor Drive there is a triangle lot that is currently being used as a sculpture display. This space should be utilized for public use and what better way than a transportation unit that could take pedestrians up the steep incline of Laurel Street. This link option is our catalyst for getting the whole North bay front involved in the park conversation with balboa all the way to Point Loma. With the current embarcadero visionary plan that is being realized in different phases this is a perfect time to link the whole bay and realize the city of San Diego’s true potential and deliver on the Americas finest city moniker. In adding a transportation unit we want to make the meeting of the balboa park with the bay front a destination complete with an outdoor pool park and reclamation of the coast guard station in the same way liberty station has been repurposed this would create a commercial space complete with shopping and dining. Just west of the coast guard station on Harbor Island is the avis parking lot, which is scheduled to be moved as the new lot within the airport opens, with its prime location the continued connection of the bay front will be paramount. This Harbor Island location could be utilized more holistically for the city with the addition of mixed use as well as a bike share facility that could add recreation elements and link the bike paths for additional transportation ease. From Harbor Island to the Spanish Landing Park and up to Liberty Station, Balboa Park would be able to link with all the park space all the way west to Point Loma.

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Balboa Park Proposal Balboa West Links 1

Connect Park to Bay

7

Redevelopment of 6th Ave

2

San Diego Harbor Bath

8

Intersection Materiality

9

Founders Point Cable Car Turnaround

Drive

3

- Redevelop Laurel St. - Cable Car Connecting Park to Bay - South Maple Canyon Bay Connection

- Additional Space Added To North Harbor

- A Safe And Clean Space To Spend Time In The Water - Bringing The Bay To The People - South Maple Canyon Bay Connection

Reclaim Coast Guard Station

- Convert Back to Public Space (Wharf, Mix- Use, Bike share) - Additional Space For Commercial Use - A Pier Added For Small Boat Tie Up And Walk able Space

4

Reclaim Avis Parking lot

5

Connecting Canyons to Park to Bay connection

- Reclaiming Of Soft Blocks - New Green Spaces - Connecting Urban Edges Back To The Park

Renewal

- Haring bone Pattern In Every Intersection - Stamp Center Of Street At Major Links

- Area For Riders To Get On And Off - Moving Platform In The Center - Round About Space

10

Redevelopment of Balboa Drive

11

Removal of the 163 Fwy exit / Reclaim for Pedestrian Bridge

- Addition Of Park Space - Potential Hotel And Commercial Site

Addition of vest-pocket parks

-Reduction to 1 driving lane in each direction -Pop-outs of Sidewalks @ Street intersections -Reclaim additional park Space

- Reclaim for Pedestrian Bridge - Quince / Spruce St Bridge

6

- Angled Parking - Dedicated North Bound Cat/Tram lane - Tram Turnaround - Reclaim additional park space

12

- Reclaim For Pedestrian Bridge - Pedestrian Safety

Addition of Children’s Play Area - Park Picnic Area


10 5 11

5

6 5 8

9

1 3

2 12

0

100 200

400

700

Jeff Hague / Juan Vazquez

4

Proposals

7

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One

Connect Park To Bay

- Redevelop Laurel St. - Cable Car Connecting Park to Bay - South Maple Canyon Bay Connection There is a large connection from Balboa Park down to San Diego’s bay front, which is screaming to be joined. For our project we are proposing to link these two great features of the city via Laurel Street. Laurel street will not only be for driving cars, but will provide a public transportation system via a cable car that will be able to run from founders point down to where Laurel Street meets Harbor Drive there is a triangle lot that is currently being used as a sculpture display. This space should be utilized for public use and what better way than a transportation unit that could take pedestrians up the steep incline of Laurel Street. This link option is

122

T

our catalyst for getting the whole North bay front involved in the park conversation with balboa all the way to Point Loma. With the current embarcadero visionary plan that is being realized in different phases this is a perfect time to link the whole bay and realize the city of San Diego’s true potential and deliver on the Americas finest city moniker.

15’

17’

S

14’

17’

15’


Two

San Diego Harbor Bath - Additional Space Added To North Harbor Drive - A Safe And Clean Space To Spend Time In The Water - Bringing The Bay To The People

A Harbor front pool space would give the residents of downtown San Diego a space to enjoy and interact with the bay itself. The idea is taken from a very successful project in Denmark that is set on the water and gives a safe and clean space where people can spend their day by the water while enjoying actually getting in.

Copenhagen Precedents

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Three

Reclaim Coast Guard Station

- Additional Space For Commercial Use - A Pier Added For Small Boat Tie Up And Walkable Space

With the current embarcadero visionary plan that is being realized in different phases this is a perfect time to link the whole bay and realize the city of San Diego’s true potential and deliver on the Americas finest city moniker. In adding a transportation unit we want to make the meeting of the balboa park with the bay front a destination a large part of this plan would include the reclamation of the coast guard station in the same way liberty

124

station has been re-purposed this would create a commercial space complete with shopping and dining.


Four Reclaim Avis Parking lot - Addition Of Park Space - Potential Hotel And Commercial Site

Continuing along North Harbor Drive we want to fill in gap space in order to make a congruent park bay-front statement along the water. With the Avis car rental company set to move their parking lot location already this would be a perfect space to reclaim and add an element of park space as well as a commercial element that could provide revenue for the city and safe pedestrian space along the water front for all to enjoy.

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Five

Connect to Canyon

- Reclaim for Pedestrian Bridge - Quince / Spruce St Bridge

of connection to both the park as well as the bay. The connection between these three areas needs to be made with safety and clarity in mind. The linking of the park with the canyon lands will add a large amount of square footage to the park and create a more cohesive feel within Bankers Hill, Hillcrest and beyond.

We are proposing to link the canyon lands back to Balboa Park via the bridges on Quince Street and Spruce Street. The canyon lands should be connected to the bay-front as well as the park. All the natural lands should have a physical and metaphysical connection in order to create a complete statement within the city of San Diego region. We want to emphasize this connection through the implementation of vegetation and street material pallets in order to create visually beautiful keys. The canyon lands in San Diego are the most natural and beautiful topography that the downtown region have to offer and they are currently underutilized due to their lack

126

16’

12’

5’

12’

16’


Six

Addition of Vest-Pocket Parks

- Reclaiming Of Soft Blocks - New Green Spaces - Connecting Urban Edges Back To The Park One of the links that we want to project from the park into the community is the addition of pocket parks that would be able to create a continual park statement that would not stop at the boarder of the west green space. The pocket parks would create a larger link and add more spaces that are currently underutilized and reclaim them for public leisure spaces. One such interjection would be street pop outs which could add shaded places to sit and visit without taking up large chunks of land in order to add a welcoming atmosphere for pedestrians going to and from the park spaces. Along with addition of pocket parks we want to link the canyon

lands back to Balboa Park via the bridges on Quince Street and Spruce Street. We want to emphasize this connection through the implementation of vegetation and street material pallets in order to create visually beautiful keys.

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E

Seven

Redevelopment of 6th Ave

- Reduction to 1 driving lane in each direction - Pop outs of Sidewalks @ Street intersections - Reclaim additional park Space - Roundabout @ 6th and Laurel Sixth Avenues character needs to become less of a pedestrian death trap and more of a park crossing friendly space looking at the projected numbers of cars that drive on the street on a daily basis is 13,018 with our proposal to take out the 163 exit that feeds onto 6th street will be able to detract some from the current traffic from the street. In looking into the numbers that exist on two lane streets in successful boulevards throughout the Americas as well as Europe streets that provide one lane in each direction a median to separate them as well as pop out turn lanes have the capacity to carry

128

over 16,000 vehicles without creating traffic. Sixth Street as it current stands could easily undertake this transformation and still allow for future growth in the area without any complications.

15’

9’

14’

4’

14’

9’

15’


Eight

Intersection Materiality Renewal

- Haring bone Pattern In Every Intersection - Stamp Center Of Street At Major Links We are proposing adding a material pallet to the streets in-order to create clearer signals to the pedestrians as well as the automobiles around the park. In order to reduce confusion and give cues as to what is set to come with in the park region this is a beautiful and cost effective way to engage the street surrounding the park

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Nine

Founders Point Cable Car Turnaround

- Area For Riders To Get On And Off - Moving Platform In The Center - Round About Space With the addition of the cable car connection that will run from bay front where Laurel Street and North Harbor Drive meet up into Balboa Park West at Founder Point there will need to be a turn around point for the car. We are proposing that at Founders Point there is a celebration of this cable car turn around were riders will be getting off to go into the park or on to go down the bay front.

130


Ten Redevelopment of Balboa Dr.

- Angled Parking - Dedicated North Bound Cat/Tram lane - Tram Turnaround - Reclaim additional park space

For Balboa Drive we wanted to add parking, a protected biking lane, clear and safe pedestrian crossing paths, larger pedestrian walk ways as well as take away one of the unnecessary automobile lanes in order to slow traffic and create a more safe and peaceful transition into Balboa Park. Also With the removal of vehicle parking in the plaza de panama, patrons will no longer have the ability to park within the central core and be redirected to park on the perimeter of the park. The implementation of the dedicated northbound tram lane and roundabout on the north end of Balboa Dr will allow visitors to be met at their vehicle for transportation to the interior of the park via a tram system.

Balboa Drive Section

16’

12’

18’

12’

18’

131


Eleven

Removal of the 163 Fwy exit

- Reclaim For Pedestrian Bridge - Pedestrian Safety In taking out the 163 freeway exit we instantly make the west side of the park a much safer space to walk around. Currently it is a curving road with limited visibility that is almost not walkable due to fear of being run over with the addition of the proposed pedestrian bridge it will become a very safe and usable space for pedestrians to get from one side of the canyon to the other.

132

T


Twelve Addition of

Children’s Play Area

- Park Picnic Area

We also want to add more delineated children’s spaces within the park specifically at the southwest end that is currently an asphalt parking lot serving very little use. With the addition of parking along Balboa Drive there will be 500 spots for parking a loss of 64 spots at the end of balboa drive will not even be noticed. This space can be re-purposed into a green space add larger grilling areas that already exist in the surrounding as well as creating a children’s park space. Also for Balboa Drive we want to make it a space where the caterpillar bus

system will be able to travel up and down in order to pick up as many patrons entering the park as possible the proposed turn around space for the bus is one that will take away the least amount of green space from the park and allow the bus to be able to easily make the 180 degree turn.

133


Balboa Park’s East Mesa is the largest section of land in the overall park. Out of the total 1,200 acre park, the East Mesa is 640 acres. The Central Mesa of Balboa Park houses many of the large international destinations such as the San Diego Zoo, Organ Pavilion, multiple theaters and museums, the East Mesa is currently more for the neighborhood surrounding the park and the overall community. The East Mesa contains miles of hiking trails found in the natural canyons, the Morley Field Sports Complex, and the Arizona Landfill. Although the East Mesa is nicely arranged and works well for the community, there are many opportunities for improvement that could potentially increase interest in this part of the park for more than just local residents of San Diego.

134


EAST MESA JOSHUA LARSON AND EDGAR RODRIGUEZ

135


Large Area (A)

Balboa Park’s East Mesa is roughly 1,200 acres. Most of this space remains unused and open. The amount of open space allows for crossover connections that will bring the park together without having to remove or demolish existing structures. The long axis along Florida Drive has many points that can span a pedestrian bridge that connects the two sides.

Canyons (B)

Florida Canyon is the main division separating the Central Mesa and the East Mesa. If utilized properly, the canyon ‘fingers’ can be used to create a natural separation between large spaces on the site.

Pathways (B)

The paths that currently exist in the area were formed from the everyday hikers’ response to the natural lands formation. The path of travel to get from one location to another gradually formed over time as hikers found their way around the sloping canyons shows where people prefer to venture on site.

Natural (C)

The natural canyons and paths in this area allow one to get away from the everyday urban environment. There are special areas in the park that connects one with nature and brings a certain sense of calm.

136


Disconnected (D)

The Park feels as if it has been severed in two by Florida Drive which makes it difficult for those individuals who may have limited mobility to get across the canyon. The park is not experienced as one large park; instead it is experienced as individual parks.

Distance (E)

The large gap between the canyons would make it difficult to connect the two sides without over designing or taking away from the Cabrillo Bridge which has such a powerful presence in the park.

SWOT

STRENGTHS/Weakness

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Roads Available (F)

There are roads in the area that can be expanded and improved on to take on the flow of traffic if Florida Drive was to be eliminated, Helping eliminate and keep traffic out and away from the center of the park.

Usable Land (G)

Open land which is flat enough for future development of structure. Can continue El Prado axis over to the east half of the park and give those on foot the ability to experience the entire park without questioning their ability to make it over and across Florida Drive.

Florida Drive (H)

If the road is redirected around the park the flat land can be redeveloped to maintain and continue the natural landscape from one half of the hiking trails to the other half.

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Canyons (I)

The canyons can present problems when it comes to redirecting the roads or getting people across from one side of the canyon to the other without building large bridges.

Landfill (J)

Depending on what the landfill once held, it can present a problem in developing the land within a certain time period. The Settling of trash will make the land unpredictable even if it is turned into a large grassy field.

Traffic (K)

The amount of traffic that runs though Balboa Park on special events far exceeds the amount of traffic that runs though on a normal day. If traffic is redirected and Florida Drive was to be removed, how would that affect the traffic in the park?

Current Structures

Having to work with what is current (ball parks, tennis courts, pool) can make it hard to layout new space for the parks future expansion.

SWOT

The density of homes that exist now doesn’t allow for the park to grow or spread out into the neighborhood.

OPPORTUNITIES/ Threats

Surrounding Homes

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FLORIDA CANYON RESTORATION Due to Florida Canyon and especially Florida Drive, the Central and East Mesas of Balboa Park are severed in two. As hikers and bikers approach the road, they do not find a safe way to cross and must wait along the side of the road until they have time to pass over Florida Drive. The natural paths in a large open area that are found everywhere within the site are a large draw for the city of San Diego. There is an opportunity for users to explore the natural canyons while getting exercise, fresh air, and enjoying a break from the urban environment of San Diego. There is an opportunity to remove Florida Drive and restore Florida Canyon to its natural state thus garnering more interest for hikers and park visitors to utilize the trails.

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MESA CONNECTION The West Mesa and Central Mesa are connected over Cabrillo Canyon by the well known and iconic Cabrillo Bridge. Most users of the park do not realize that the East Mesa is also a part of the park due to the disconnect created by Florida Canyon. The park has become severed in two and is not experienced as one large park. Creating a new iconic bridge over Florida Canyon would create the much needed connection between the Central Mesa and the East Mesa and would encourage park patrons to explore more of the park that was earlier harder to access. A bridge would also make the rest of Balboa Park accessible for the residents in the surrounding East Mesa neighborhoods. It would not be as difficult for one to get to the heart of Balboa Park via a main access route.

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MORLEY FIELD REDEVELOPMENT Morley Field is a very old, very historic part of Balboa Park. It houses structures from the 1930s and earlier. Unfortunately, it also houses the Arizona Landfill which filled in part of the natural canyons found on the East Mesa. This landfill has caused the land to continuously shift creating mounds and rifts that create difficulty in playing a variety of sports on the current fields. Cleaning out the canyon and restoring it to its natural state would bring opportunities for change to the area that would draw more users into the East Mesa area. A reorganization of the sports complex would create better athletic fields and more op sportunities for alternate sports.

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1. Tennis The tennis courts are a large part of the existing Morley Field Sports Complex and the surrounding community. They are well maintained and are to remain as is. 2. Bud Memorial Swimming Pool First opened in 1933, the Bud Kearns Memorial Swimming Pool has become an historic icon in Balboa Park. It is the oldest swimming pool in San Diego and is well maintained and should remain as the iconic entry to Morley Field. 3. Frisbee Golf Open 365 days a year, this 19 hole course is a large draw for the surrounding community. We propose relocating the club house to better accommodate parking. 4. San Diego Velodrome The San Diego Velodrome creates a lot of interest in Morley Field for the biking residents of San Diego. It should remain as is.

11. Fishing Dock With the addition of Lake Kumeyaay, fishing will be an additional draw. 12. Jacaranda Drive This road will be widened to provide service to the additional traffic that will be using Balboa Park. It will help create a neighborhood edge park on the north side of the East Mesa. 13. Parking With a larger number of activities available in the East Mesa area of Balboa Park, more parking is required. By adding 1,000+ of spots, not only are there more spaces available for the added number of activities in the Morley Field Sports Complex, but there are additional options for those attending games at Stone Brewery Stadium.

5. Archery Range The current archery range functions properly in its current condition and we suggest leaving it as is. 6. Baseball/Softball Fields The current conditions of the baseball and softball fields is very poor. The fields are not flat and the ground soil is not well kept. We suggest new fields in a new layout with a central building to house concessions, restrooms, and other functions.

16. Lake Kumeyaay An addition of a lake to Balboa Park pays homage not only to the memory of the man made Laguna del Puente that used to exist in Cabrillo Canyon where Highway 163 currently resides, but also the original inhabitants of the San Diego area.

7. Soccer Field/Running Track An additional field with surrounding track will be a new draw for patrons of the Morley Field Sports Complex.

17. Existing Balboa Park Nursery The Balboa Park Nursery will remain as is to continue to serve the maintenance needs of Balboa Park.

8. Volleyball The existing two volleyball courts are out of the way and run down. Reorganizing and adding additional fields will bring tournaments and daily play for visitors.

18. Additional Foliage From the East Mesa looking towards downtown, one’s view of the natural landscape is interrupted by the Naval Medical Center. To alleviate this problem, additional foliage will be planted along the canyon edge.

10. Canoe/Kayak Boathouse Canoing and kayaking will be available in Kumeyaay Lake as an added draw to the park.

Pedestrian Circulation/Pathways

14. John Nolen Parkway Bridge The John Nolen Parkway Bridge will serve as an axial continuation from El Prado to the Inez Grant Parker Memorial Rose Garden. 15. Florida Canyon Bridge To break the disconnect caused by Florida Canyon, an iconic bridge will be constructed to extend El Prado to a definite termination point at the Stone Brewery Stadium.

9. Basketball The closest basketball court is over 7 blocks away from the area. Adding two courts will serve those who enjoy the game.

Facilities/Structures

19. Stadium Plazas Plazas will be available for game day activities but also will serve multiple purposes during the rest of the year.

Traffic Circulation/Parking

Vegetation/Neighborhood Edge

20. Stone Brewery Stadium A new San Diego Chargers stadium will be a way to remove the garbage present in the Arizona Landfill in the East Mesa. The stadium will draw more visitors to the park yearly and add to the revenue of the park area.

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LAKE KUMEYAAY BEA EVANSON FOUNTAIN

FISHING DOCK

INEZ GRANT PARKER MEMORIAL ROSE GARDEN

FLORIDA CANYON BRIDGE

JOHN NOLEN PARKWAY BRIDGE BRIDGE PLATFORM

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G DOCK KATE SESSIONS PLAZA STADIUM PARKING GARAGE

STONE BREWERY STADIUM STADIUM ROOF LINE

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