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... and counting The planet is overpopulated, but we refuse to talk about it BY ALASTAIR BLAND


Accident? injured?

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Vol. 42, Issue 46 • July 11, 2019 OPINION



Editorial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Guest Comment . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Second & Flume . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 4 Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 This Modern World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 Streetalk . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 7



Downstroke . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 8 Sifter . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .9



Appointment. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 Weekly Dose. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15



Eco Event . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16



15 Minutes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 The Goods . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17






Music . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 This Week . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Fine Arts listings . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 Scene . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 Nightlife . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 Reel World . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 Chow. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 Arts DEVO . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 Brezsny’s Astrology . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37






Our Mission: To publish great newspapers that are successful and enduring. To create a quality work environment that encourages employees to grow professionally while respecting personal welfare. To have a positive impact on our communities and make them better places to live. Editor Melissa Daugherty Managing Editor Meredith J. Cooper Arts Editor Jason Cassidy Staff Writers Andre Byik, Ashiah Scharaga Calendar Editor Neesa Sonoquie Contributors Robin Bacior, Alastair Bland, Michelle Camy, Vic Cantu, Nate Daly, Charles Finlay, Bob Grimm, Howard Hardee, Miles Jordan, Mark Lore, Landon Moblad, Juan-Carlos Selznick, Ken Smith, Robert Speer, Carey Wilson Managing Art Director Tina Flynn Creative Services Manager Elisabeth Bayard-Arthur Ad Designers Naisi Thomas, Cathy Arnold Publications Designers Katelynn Mitrano, Nikki Exerjian Director of Sales and Advertising Jamie DeGarmo Advertising Services Coordinator Ruth Alderson Senior Advertising Consultants Brian Corbit, Laura Golino Advertising Consultants Adam Lew, Jordon Vernau Office Assistant Jennifer Osa Distribution Director Greg Erwin Distribution Manager Matt Daugherty Distribution Staff Ken Gates, Vickie Haselton, Bob Meads, Pat Rogers, Larry Smith, Placido Torres, Jeff Traficante, Bill Unger, Lisa Van Der Maelen, David Wyles

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Send guest comments, 340 words maximum, to gc@newsreview.com or to 353 E. Second St., Chico, CA 95928. Please include photo & short bio.


Council deserves kudos for renter relief This newspaper’s first issue after the Camp Fire

featured a dozen stories about the deadly blaze and its effects. We could see from the outset of the disaster that it would have devastating long-range consequences for so many aspects of life as we knew it in Butte County, including our local housing stock. Initially, somewhere in the neighborhood of 50,000 residents were displaced. However, it immediately became clear that tens of thousands of them would need permanent housing and that the majority were hoping to live in Chico (see “Demand outweighs supply,” Nov. 15). The problem: Butte County’s most populous municipality for years has struggled with a housing shortage—low single-digit vacancy rates in both the rental and sales markets. There simply weren’t enough available units to house everyone. Then, the nearby communities filled up. As a result, many people had no choice but to move out of the area—to other counties and even out of state. And then, a second wave of displacement struck. As we chronicled about a month after the fire (see “Squeezed out,” Dec. 13), landlords began cashing in on the disaster by forcing out tenants and selling their in-demand properties for inflated prices to desperate

evacuees flush with insurance funds. In some cases, those folks paid $20,000-$30,000 or more above list price. As the CN&R put it in an editorial that week, after hearing from one renter after another about being served eviction notices, we were witnessing a “ripple effect of unmitigated selfishness.” As we noted, it resulted in the displacement of families, many with children who would not only suffer the loss of a stable home but also their school and friends. Yet another effect: a disruption to the region’s workforce, as employees left the region. Last week, the Chico City Council began the process of implementing policy to help impede this scenario for the next six months (see Ashiah Scharaga’s report on page 10). The pending emergency ordinance calls for landlords to give renters extra time beyond state requirements to vacate their properties. The idea is that the market will stabilize by then—housing prices will recede to pre-disaster levels, reducing the financial incentive to sell rentals. We certainly wish the council had implemented the law sooner, when it was first discussed back in February. However, we applaud the panel—in its entirety, as both sides of the political aisle voted aye— for taking this bold and much-needed step to address the issue. Ω


Trump’s immigration policies are counterproductive Csoilwater. Meanwhile, in Africa, climate change and degradation are shrinking the amount of usable

hennai, India, population 9 million, is running out of

land while population growth is exacerbating the crises. When there is no water to drink, or food to eat, people leave. These are but two occurrences in which severe environmental disruption is a driving force for “climate migration.” The humanitarian crisis at our southern border is heavily influenced by the severe weather disruption devastating the agriculture production in the Northern Triangle by countries—El Salvador, Guatemala Roger S. Beadle and Honduras. An unstable cycle The author, a Chico of severe drought, followed by resident, is a Chico tumultuous rainfall in the region, State alum and former smallhas decimated agriculture, creating business owner. an acute food shortage. More people are fleeing to the southern border of the United States because of hunger than over fears of crime and gang violence. “This is not as complicated as it seems,” said David Beasley, executive director for the World Food Program. “If you want to solve the



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migration problem, solve the food security problem.” In 2015, the Obama administration established financial aid programs designed to meet the most pressing need in each country’s economic development. Financial aid extended to Guatemala and Honduras was for increased food security and violence prevention. Aid to El Salvador helped improve governance and reduce gang violence; the number of its migrants to the U.S. fell by 56 percent. In April, the Trump administration’s response was to totally defund Obama’s Central America aid programs. Congress, in a moment of infrequent wisdom, has restored over half the funds. Additionally, last summer, Trump cut funding for a program run in conjunction with the U.N. refugee agency that intended to screen potential asylum-seekers in their home countries—an effort to prevent the sort of influx happening at the U.S.’s southern border the past few months. Desperate times beget desperate actions. President Trump doesn’t understand that most refugees would not seek asylum in the United States if survival security was a reality in their home country. To understand that would require using common sense, something in short Ω supply in Trump’s ignorant mind.

SECOND & FLUME by Melissa Daugherty m e l i s s a d @ n e w s r e v i e w. c o m

Happy endings If you were out of town for the July 4 holiday and didn’t grab a copy of last week’s CN&R, you missed our annual Pet Issue. If not, and you read about the Camp Fire cats still in need of their owners—or adoptive homes—excuse us for breaking your heart. We published a photo essay accompanied by a short writeup on the groups caring for felines found in the burn scar. More than 2,000 animals—including dogs, birds and livestock—were rescued after the fire. However, it seems just cats—resilient creatures that they are—are still being picked up, oftentimes via traps. A handful of organizations have continued to search for and collect them over the many months. As of publication, about 100 were awaiting reunification with their people or homes with adopters. Here’s the good news: Some of the cats featured—their sweet portraits captured by Sue Anderson of Black Cat Photography— have since been adopted. That’s true of the handsome tabby boy— The Rock, as he was called—that graced the cover of the paper; Emerald, a black female with a tipped ear; and Lola, a gray and white girl. To learn more about the remaining cats and the nonprofits helping them, search for “Nine lives in Paradise” at newsreview. com/chico. Speaking of which, I’ve long been meaning to give an update on the sweet polydactyl I found in Paradise two days after the fire. As I wrote in our first issue after the blaze (see “Heartbreak Ridge,” Nov. 15), one of the few things that brought me comfort after bearing witness to the devastation was picking up a black cat amid the ashes on Sawmill Road. Aside from emergency personnel, utility workers and public safety folks, journalists were the only people allowed in the region at the time. So, when I wasn’t reporting or taking photos, I kept my eyes peeled for ailing pets. In fact, the CN&R’s Meredith J. Cooper and I spent the first month or so trucking food and water to those left behind, including along a stretch of intact houses off South Park Drive in Magalia. That sweet, extra-toed kitty was frightened when I scooped him up, but he calmed down while I petted him on the drive down to Chico. I dropped him at a vet clinic there, and included my contact info. He had a burn under the nape of his neck, but otherwise appeared in relatively good health. I later spotted him on a rescue website. He’d been transferred to a facility in Redding, and the folks there eventually contacted me. I learned that his owners had lost their home and, like so many others, were having trouble finding a new place that allowed pets. He was called Gus, the clinic told me. I couldn’t think of a better name, as it’s the same as my favorite character in my favorite book, Larry McMurtry’s Lonesome Dove. I stayed in touch with the clinic and, literally months after the fire, Gus reunited with his people. My eyes well up when I think about that one little happy ending. That may sound silly, but after eight months of this paper’s continuous coverage of the heavy stuff, I’ve learned to cling to the bright spots.

Melissa Daugherty is editor of the CN&R


Send email to cnrletters@newsreview.com

Turn to the sun Re “Calling for permanent wildfireprotection solutions” (Guest comment, by Robert Woods, June 27): Here’s a suggestion for preventing wildfires and protecting more people from power outages—help more people make and store solar energy on their property. First, there is less burden on the grid, so they don’t have to maintain power lines as much in wildfire-risk areas. Second, people can keep their power on during an outage. Third, people also reduce their electricity bills. Finally, we increase everyone’s personal freedom and self-reliance (while also being part of the solution). You’d think the government and utilities would be tripping over themselves to make it as easy as possible for more people to install solar. But the opposite it true. The utilities do everything possible to attack solar with red tape and fees. The government just looks the other way. While also talking about

spending billions more in public dollars fighting wildfires. How about while they’re talking about spending all this money, they also make a “Solar Bill of Rights” to stop the utility attacks on solar? Paul Huston Chico

Wake up, save Earth How did we get so numb? The United Nations announced that we expect over a million species to go extinct in the near future. A million! What will be left? Cockroaches and pigeons? (Are pigeons even birds?) Humans? Why does this kind of thing barely make the news? Then it becomes old news. Like a blip on the old TV screen? Wake up! This is like they are about to drop atom bombs on us. Will our most basic needs even be met? Food, shelter, clothing. What crops will still be able to grow? Which livestock? We cannot

ignore this if we love our children. America is an optimistic, can-do country. This approaching train wreck of climate destruction can still, barley, be stopped. If we really want it. Join the Citizens’ Climate Lobby or Chico 350 or the Sunrise Movement. Speak up. If enough of us care, and say so, even Rep. Doug LaMalfa will understand that protecting our kids is part of the job description. Help stop climate denial and step forward to make a difference. Julie Heath Chico

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‘Check your letters’ Re “Disappointed by favoritism” (Letters, by Lucy Cooke, July 4): I have no idea who Ms. Cooke is, but after reading her nonsensical letter I have to respond. Veterans do not send themselves to war. Veterans do not LETTERS c o n t i n u e d

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LETTERS c o n t i n u e d f r o m pa g e 5 decide the next country to invade. The United States government and past presidents have unilaterally deployed troops overseas. I, as a veteran, am deeply offended by your perception that myself and fellow veterans are to blame for all the world’s ills, and that citizens of this country “are pandering to veterans.” Your bizarre comments bring back painful memories of how the country treated returning Vietnam veterans. You spit in the face of people suffering from the scars of war daily, but you also wipe your feet on graves of the men and women who weren’t able to return home. You need to have someone check your letters before sending them out to the public. You should be embarrassed and ashamed. Gary McHargue Chico

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Speaking as a retired military veteran of over 20 years, I was very disappointed in this writer’s letter. The writer implies that veterans like me chose to go to Iraq or other far-off lands, as if it’s our decision. As the saying goes, “War is young men dying and old men talking.” Young men, like myself, deployed to war zones spend time away from family. In my case, that’s missing seven of my son’s 12 birthdays—not by choice, but because I was ordered to. I was ordered to based on the decisions of elected officials. We deploy to support the interests of this nation because we understand duty, honor and commitment. I get her point, and I can tell you most veterans are extremely embarrassed about some of the privileges we get. However, before you accuse me and thousands of others of “wrecking countries [and] killing hundreds of thousands,” please take a good class on American government so you can understand how things work. Mike Guzzi Chico

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Re “Rethink your votes” (Letters, by Loretta Ann Torres, July 4): Ms. Torres has another complaint—this time tax rates. Torres thinks the tax on gas is high. Well, taxes are used to pay for services rendered. In her letter,

she wants to go back to 1776 and the tax on Americans for tea and other services. Well, we need to go back to 1754-1763, during the French and Indian War, which the Brits financed. Otherwise, we would be speaking French. So the colonies were slowly trying to reimburse the Brits for their aid in the war. The British imposed taxes to be repaid. Simple, right? So, Americans did not or could not pay the bill. A group of thankless Americans pulled the Boston Tea Party we all learned about in grade school. So, please, Ms. Torres, next time provide all the needed information before clicking “send.” Marc Deveraux  Chico

The ponds are fine Re “Pond problems” (Letters, by Dick Cory, July 4): Teichert Ponds is not the problem. The mindset of calling vegetation removal for improved “viewscape” and uprooting the already uprooted a win-win is a mindset that has ushered both climate change and homelessness to our doorsteps. Teichert Ponds is fine as far as I can tell. Perhaps finer than it has ever been. The seasonal rise and fall of water puts those who camp on its shallow edges more in touch with the nature of the Sacramento Valley ecosystem than their educated and housed neighbors. And yes, nature uproots us all. Managing natural resources is complicated. Wetlands, not uniquely, are complicated, precious and deeply webbed, every square foot an unfathomable mystery. Some folks have made understanding wetlands and stream ecology science a professional lifetime exploration. People like our own Paul Maslin and his students, biologists at the mosquito abatement district, the local Resource Conservation District and the Natural Resource Conservation Service. Teichert Ponds is a hazard that must be shrunken? Would it improve carbon sequestration? Reduce human exposure to disease? Benefit the water table? Ease the injuries of homelessness? Or, if there is a perceived problem, are there options to nature’s

pasteurization that would address our concerns in a much broader, deeper and holistic way? Richard Roth Chico

Recalls and estimates Re “Inconvenient truths” (Second & Flume, by Melissa Daugherty, June 27): At first glance it seems surprising that local Republicans would try to hold an expensive special election to recall two of our City Council members, Randall Stone and Karl Ory, so close to the end of their four-year terms. However, it makes more sense if we observe that a special election would minimize voter turnout for the recall. In many states, Republicans have been able to increase their number of elected officials at various levels by brazenly purging legitimate voters, gerrymandering districts, and suppressing turnout by making voting as difficult and inconvenient as possible. Here in California, those tactics are not available, so about the only other way to successfully reduce voter turnout for a recall is a special election, which would have a very low voter turnout. If this recall was part of a general election, its supporters know that there is absolutely no chance that it would be successful. Please don’t support this dubious tactic by signing their recall petitions. Steve Kennedy Chico

Chico’s police chief claims the city has grown by “19,000” since the Camp Fire and the editor uses the figure “almost 20,000,” but still no real numbers. In April, City Manager Mark Orme was using his “10,00015,000” number, based on nonregistration, couch-living, trailers parked on streets. But to date, there is still no actual count, only “estimates.” According to a state Department of Finance press release, these numbers are based not on actual population but on new construction. “Changes to the housing stock are used in the preparation of the annual city population estimates. Estimated occupancy of housing units and the number of persons per

household further determine population levels. Changes in city housing stock result from new construction, demolitions, housing unit conversions, and annexations.” Everything’s “estimated.” Then they even “adjust” the numbers “to be consistent with independently produced county estimates.” I don’t support the recall either, but I’m tired of hearing the city and the media make claims based on fake numbers. Our town is a mess right now because people are not doing their jobs, but expecting to be paid into perpetuity. Juanita Sumner Chico

‘Pay attention’ Re “Of Jesus and POTUS” (Letters, by Rich Meyers, June 27): A letter writer recently wrote, very accurately, about the mistakes the United States has made since 1960 regarding Iran. This history lesson failed to include the very real lack of understanding among most of us about the dangers of an atomic nation ruled by leaders who believe in the coming of the 12th Imam. Iran is like no other country. Its leaders will welcome their country’s complete destruction, if it brings about this caliphate that they so strongly believe in. Islam, for the most part, is a religion of love for us fellow human beings. But a very radical few want a cataclysmic event to bring the 20th century world to its knees! Meanwhile, our leaders want to force our president to reveal his tax returns, while oil tankers are on fire in the gulf and our drones are shot down. If this scares you, it should. Time to pay attention to our president’s decisions. Time to allow him to concentrate on the events that endanger not only us, but also the world. May God bless America. Loretta Ann Torres Chico

More letters online:

We’ve got too many letters for this space. please go to www.newsreview.com/chico for additional readers’ comments on past cn&r articles.


Can a Democrat beat Trump in 2020?


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If they can come together to support one strong candidate like Bernie Sanders, I think we can. If people write in other Democrats not on the ballot, then we won’t.

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Several of them can. The important part is to have everybody vote. We’ve said this before, but this election is important for everybody to vote because we do stand a chance.

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That’s exactly the question. It’s not what position you have on issues, but “Who can beat Trump?” If we don’t get a Democrat in there, we’re screwed. Kamala Harris can beat Trump. I saw her get him on the ropes over segregation and she kicked his ass.

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The U.S. Bankruptcy Court for the Northern District of California, which is overseeing PG&E’s Chapter 11 case, has set a bar date, or deadline, for proof-of-claim forms from wildfire victims and other entities seeking financial compensation from PG&E prior to the company’s bankruptcy filing date of Jan. 29. They must be received by 5 p.m. on Oct. 21. Claims can be submitted online, by mail or in person starting Monday (July 15). Go to pge.com/reorganization for more information. Residents in the region also may receive relief with the passage of Assembly Bill 1054, which was approved by the Senate and heads to the Assembly this week. It would institute safety performance regulations for utilities and aims to protect ratepayers from bill increases.

Honey Run recovery


An Antioch man faces up to 15 years in prison for the 2017 traffic deaths of an Oregon father and son on Interstate 5 north of Willows. Shawntre Tillis, 24, pleaded guilty last month in Glenn County Superior Court to two counts of gross vehicular manslaughter while intoxicated in connection with the March 12, 2017, deaths of Isidro Garcia, 26, and Garcia’s 2-year-old son, Fabian, District Attorney Dwayne Stewart told the CN&R. The 24-year-old Tillis caused a chainreaction, multiple-car crash on I-5 near Artois. Garcia, according to news reports, had been returning home from a trip to Disneyland. Tillis is scheduled to be sentenced Aug. 16. He remains in custody.


The city of Chico will make transportation improvements near Marsh Junior High thanks to a $500,000 project partnership with the Chico Unified School District. This includes a traffic signal at Humboldt Road and Notre Dame Boulevard, concrete decking for the Little Chico Creek bridge, a flashing crosswalk beacon and a bike path extending from the school to Bruce Road. The district will install bike racks and a path from the northeast corner of the campus to the main buildings. Brendan Ottoboni, public works director of engineering (pictured), told the City Council at its recent meeting (July 2) that $250,000 had been reserved to repair the bridge last year. But there were other safety concerns in the area, he added. A child was hit by a car in 2017. The council unanimously approved a cooperative agreement on July 2. 8


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Covered Bridge Association seeks stewardship of historic structure’s rebuild after Camp Fire

RCovered twisted remains of the Honey Run Bridge resting in Butte Creek below. obert Catalano wept when he saw the

The Camp Fire had consumed the 132-year-old structure about a week earlier, and story and Catalano and a county photo by crew descended on the Andre Byik bridge’s location east and re b @ of Chico to clear rubble n ew srev i ew. c o m from the creek’s bed ahead of upcoming rains that threatened to sweep debris downstream. “Tears came to my eyes,” Catalano, president of the Honey Run Covered Bridge Association (HRCBA), recently told the CN&R. “I’ve put a lot of my life in the last few years into [upgrading the bridge and park facilities]. People had told me that … the park and the bridge and everything was better than it had ever been.” Now, Catalano says the HRCBA, a nonprofit organization, is pursuing a plan to facilitate a historical reconstruction of the wooden bridge, a local landmark that had been a popular wedding and entertainment venue and picnic spot. The association, Catalano said, has been in talks with Butte County staff to acquire the county-owned right-of-way across Butte

Creek where the bridge once stood. Doing so would allow the group to take ownership of the bridge’s estimated $3 million reconstruction, which Catalano said could be completed in about two years without any direct governmental funding. “We can build it faster, and we can build it better, and we can build it cheaper [than the government],” Catalano said. The association’s plan has been developed following seven months of exploring various reconstruction possibilities—including working with an engineering firm—but it hinges on approval from the Butte County Board of Supervisors to transfer the bridge right-of-way. Catalano said he hopes the board will consider that sometime in September. Dennis Schmidt, the county’s public works director, told the CN&R he expects the matter to go before the board in the next several months, and one of the key questions will be whether the HRCBA has the capacity to facilitate a reconstruction of the bridge. Schmidt said once the right-ofway is transferred—which both Catalano and Schmidt suggested could happen at a nominal cost—it would be difficult for the county, should it desire, to go back and rebuild the bridge itself.

Schmidt added, however, that from everything he’s seen so far, the association has done a “great job” garnering support for the bridge’s rebuild, raising money and pursuing reconstruction plans. A county reconstruction of the bridge is low on the priority list, the public works director said. The county, he said, is pursuing “hundreds of projects” the size of a potential bridge rebuild that are more urgent. Schmidt noted that since about the 1960s, the covered bridge has been a recreational amenity used for entertainment and wedding purposes, “but the county isn’t in the wedding business.” The public, Schmidt said, would have a right to be heard on any consideration of a right-of-way transfer. Catalano recalls fleeing his home in Butte

Creek Canyon the morning of the Camp Fire, stopping at the covered bridge on his way out. He’d intended to make sure the water pump there was turned on so a sprinkler system affixed to the bridge would douse the wood and tin structure with water if the fire neared. He found, however, that the power was out. The bridge, he said, burned that evening. “PG&E, I think, cut the power,”

Robert Catalano, president of the Honey Run Covered Bridge Association, says a reconstruction of the historic bridge could be completed in about two years under the nonprofit group’s stewardship.

Catalano said. “When the power got cut off, the sprinklers got cut off.” PG&E spokesman Paul Moreno told the CN&R that the utility did not conduct a public safety power shutoff the day of the Camp Fire. If power was lost at the bridge location, Moreno said, it was either because the fire had damaged electrical equipment or power had been turned off at the request of firefighters. As of this newspaper’s deadline, Moreno said PG&E was researching to verify the outage cause and time for the circuit that served the bridge. Catalano returned to the canyon days later to find his home had burned in the blaze and the bridge a mangled mess. Since December, the HRCBA has been seeking support for rebuilding, accepting donations totaling about $300,000 so far. The association this year also has been a part of rebuild discussions that have included local, state and federal officials. In January, those officials explored a county-facilitated reconstruction of the bridge, with the possibility of the Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) footing most of the bill, Catalano said. That plan fell apart around April, when the HRCBA was told the county would have to pay the upfront costs for the rebuild, rely on reibursement from FEMA and adhere to federal standards, according to Catalano, who was present during such discussions. Financially, he said, such an arrangement didn’t work for the county. That’s when the HRCBA began pursuing the county right-of-way across the creek to take up the rebuild effort itself, which would mean gaining ownership of the bridge, Catalano said. Since then, the association has been working with Rancho Cordova-based firm Quincy Engineering, which has presented a cost analysis showing a bridge rebuild would total about $3 million. That cost, Catalano said, could be offset by donations of money, material and labor. And fundraising efforts, he said, could be sped up once the HRCBA has secured the right-of-way for the bridge project. The bridge, Catalano said, would be reconstructed to resemble the original as closely as possible, with variations to accomodate modern building standards. “It’s an iconic bridge, and it’s part of the county’s identity,” Catalano said. “It’s a symbol for the people that have burned out. We can rebuild this bridge if we all work together.” Ω

Power to the people County, city of Chico move forward to create alternative to PG&E Come 2021, residents of the city of Chico and unin-

corporated Butte County will have a choice in regard to energy providers. That’s because they’re joining forces to create what essentially will be their own utility—just without the need to build infrastructure. “It’s an opportunity to find a semblance of local control for electricity needs, plus cost savings,” said Mark Orme, Chico city manager. “Those are our two primary objectives, in conjunction with choice.” It’s called a community choice aggregation (CCA), and it boils down to forming a joint powers authority to purchase energy based on a community’s needs and then sell it to residents, according to Brian Ring, assistant chief administrative officer for the county. PG&E would still provide the infrastructure, but the CCA would be able to determine where the energy is sourced (i.e., how much of it is solar or hydropower, etc.) and set competitive prices. “There’s a lot more interest right now, especially because of the issues surrounding PG&E, including potential rate increases,” Orme told the CN&R. The Chico City Council voted to move forward with a CCA in December, he noted. At its June 25 meeting, the Board of Supervisors followed suit. Other jurisdictions will be able to join, Ring said, but timing is key—there is a full calendar year of wait time after a proposal is submitted to the California

SIFT ER Which Democrat for 2020? Democrats are slowly starting to make up their minds about which of the 20plus candidates they’ll support as the nominee for the 2020 presidential election. According to a recent Gallup poll, in general, a candidate’s electability versus Donald Trump is a more important consideration than agreement on issues. Among Democrats and Democrat-leaning independents, 58 percent would select someone with the best chance of beating Trump, while 39 percent prefer someone with whom they agree on issues. With that said, it’s no surprise that, after the two recent Democratic debates, estab-

Public Utilities Commission (CPUC). So, Chico and Butte County have till the end of December to finalize a plan. That entails, among other details, determining the makeup of a joint powers authority, plus outlining the amount of energy they anticipate needing. If approved by the CPUC, the CCA would launch in January 2021.

Creating a community choice aggregation would eventually allow Butte County and the city of Chico to invest in their own power production. For example, solar farms, like this one built in 2004 outside the Butte County Jail. CN&R FILE PHOTO

an opportunity to provide cleaner energy. The CCA would choose among power sources and offer a variety of options to customers— from 100 percent renewable to much less, Butte County has been looking at the idea of a with costs matching accordingly. CCA since 2017, Ring told the board at its “For a lot of folks, greener energy produclast meeting. A year ago, after hiring a contion is really something that they’re extremesultant to crunch the numbers, it was found to ly interested in,” Orme said. be financially feasible—so long as at least the Plus, down the road, once revenues are city of Chico was on board to ensure enough generated, the CCA would be able to invest customers. Throughout California, CCAs in local programs, including energy produchave been growing in popularity, he added. tion, Ring told the CN&R. “There are 18 or 19 CCAs on the market [in “In the long run, the potential benefits of California] right now,” Ring told the CN&R. CCAs that we’ve seen are the ability, as they “None have failed, all have been successful.” generate more revenue, to make interesting Aside from giving the community a choice decisions to use those funds to keep costs in energy providers—customers will be able down, [and] invest in programs that are unique to choose between sticking with PG&E and and specific to the region,” he said. “Also, switching to the CCA—the model also offers maybe you invest in your own energy program—such as solar. You get to get creative.” One potential pitfall of a CCA is the continued reliance on PG&E for infrastructure, as chair Steve Lambert expressed at the supervisors meeting. Ring said that PG&E would not be able to charge the CCA more than individual customers. He told the CN&R that the CCA also would not be liable for any of PG&E’s infrastructure. So, in the case of a future wildfire, for instance, the poles and wires still would be property of that utility. lished politicians remain the frontrunners. “I trust our ability locally more than I According to FiveThirtyEight.com, four trust PG&E,” Supervisor Tami Ritter, whose Democratic hopefuls have double-digit district includes parts of Chico, told the support from Democrats and Democratboard. “I think local control is a good option, leaning independents post-debate: Joe because … that money that we’re building Biden (31 percent), Kamala Harris and Bernie into the reserve, it’s coming back to us versus Sanders (both at 16.8 percent), and Elizabeth going to shareholders for PG&E, which is the Warren (14.4 percent). Harris had the biggest last place I want our money to go.” surge in numbers after the debates, jumping 8.9 percent, while Biden had the biggest fall, down 7.5 percent. Warren and Sanders each had slight gains, rising 1.7 percent and .5 percent, respectively.

—MEREDITH J. COOPER me r e d i th c @ newsr ev iew.c o m

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Displacements continue Council poised to extend eviction notice requirement for renters

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After the Camp Fire, Chris Singleton

and his two roommates invited a family who’d lost their home in Paradise to live with them for several months. That family found a home in Magalia in the spring and soon may be returning the favor. Now, Singleton is losing his home in southwest Chico, too: His landlords want to sell. He’s been there for more than three years and has to be out by July 31. “I thought I had something lined up for a few weeks up until the start of July, but that fell through. Now I’m on the scramble,” he told the CN&R. “I do have some friends in Magalia that stayed with me after the Camp Fire, and they offered me their couch, if nothing else, but that’s a long drive [to work].” Singleton says he doesn’t blame his landlords. They lost their home in the fire, and have since moved to another state. However, he’s yet to have luck finding any alternatives—when rentals aren’t immediately snatched up, they’re just too expensive. This second wave of displaced residents post-Camp Fire prompted the Chico City Council to provide some temporary relief until the market stabilizes. On July 2, the panel voted unanimously to consider an

emergency ordinance at its next regular meeting, on Aug. 6 (the delay will give the City Attorney’s Office time to research and craft it). If adopted, it would immediately require landlords to give renters 120 days’ notice. As of now, the state mandates 30 to 60 days, depending on the length of tenancy. It’d be in effect for six months, with the potential for renewal. This wasn’t the first time the issue was brought up. In February, Councilwoman Ann Schwab wanted to explore relief for displaced renters, including the notice extension, as well as financial stipends and an “eviction for good cause” ordinance, which would make it tougher for landlords to kick out well-behaved tenants. Her colleagues balked—her motion died for lack of a second. Five months later, the issue resurfaced at Vice Mayor Alex Brown’s request. She told the CN&R that, back in February, the council received hundreds of emails from professionals in the housing industry after the agenda was posted, assuring the panel that the crisis was ebbing and would end soon. “I think, in good faith, the council decided to hold off and see if that were true,” she said.

Chris Singleton has to be out of his current rental by July 31. Like many other renters, he is struggling to find another place to live in Chico. PHOTO BY ASHIAH SCHARAGA

Since then, the panel has continued to hear from those who were displaced and unable to find anything but long wait lists. That’s why Brown brought the topic back. “Admittedly, we should have done something months ago,” she said. This instability in the rental market

has been happening since November, whether landlords have decided to sell their properties to capitalize on an inflated market or because they lost their own housing in the fire (see “Squeezed out,” Newslines, Dec. 13). At the council’s July 2 meeting, the panel considered Schwab’s original proposal. In general, an eviction for good cause ordinance requires landlords to prove there is a “good cause” to terminate a lease, such as a tenant failing to pay rent or damaging property, or the landlord needing to make substantial repairs or move into the property. Some require landlords to provide tenants with financial assistance to relocate.

Cesar’s That night, several representatives from the North Valley Property Owners Association and Sierra North Valley Realtors spoke against such an ordinance, but expressed support for a temporary lease termination extension. Brandi Laffins, president of Sierra North Valley Realtors, advocated for the temporary extension, adding that the market is stabilizing: As of July 2, there were 235 singlefamily homes for sale, compared with the 50 available 10 days after the fire. Last July, there were 256 on the market. But that doesn’t mean the crisis is over. Other speakers that night shared stories of displaced friends and family members desperately seeking a place to land. Laura Moreno, a local nurse who has lived in Chico for 30 years, said she could not find anything affordable and would be evicted in 30 days. “Something needs to be done to protect renters from this kind of thing happening,” she told the council. “I’m being faced with having to leave a town that I love, and it shouldn’t be like that.” Ultimately, the panel did not vote on an eviction for good cause ordinance. While the proposed extension for eviction and lease termination notices would not address all of the issues with the local housing market, it would at least give renters more time to secure a new place, Brown said. The League of Women Voters will host a forum about rental relief policies later this year, which could help the council consider future actions. “I think tenant rights are at the top of many of our minds on the dais,” Brown told the CN&R. “It’s just a matter of figuring out what the approach could be.” Singleton said he appreciated the council’s decision that night. Had it come sooner, it would have given him more time to plan, he said. “As long as it’ll be helping somebody, it’ll be worth it,” he added. Renters could still face a challenge when it comes to paying for hefty deposits, even with the longer time frame, he continued, so financial assistance policies—including “something as simple as [landlords] giving a security deposit back early”—could help.

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HEALTHLINES Dr. Aletha Maybank, a pediatrician and first chief health equity officer for the American Medical Association, says health is created outside of the doctor’s office and hospital. PHOTO BY TED GRUDZINSKI, COURTESY OF THE AMERICAN MEDICAL ASSOCIATION

because that’s where health inequities are produced. You could have insurance coverage. You could have a primary care doctor. But it doesn’t mean that you’re not going to experience health inequities. Discrimination based on racial lines is one obvious driver of health inequities. What are some of the other populations that are affected by health inequity?

I think structural racism is a system that affects us all. It’s not just the black-white issue. So, whether it’s discrimination or inequities that exist among LGBT youth and transgender [or] nonconforming people, or if it’s folks who are immigrants or women, a lot of that is contextualized under the umbrella of white supremacy within the country.

Are there any particular populations or relationships that you plan to focus on?

The AMA excluded black physicians until the 1960s. So one question is: How HEALTHLINES C O N T I N U E D

There’s more to health It’s not just about having a doctor and insurance, says American Medical Association’s equity chief by

Carmen Heredia Rodriguez

PingHerleftsuperiors a sour taste in her mouth. told her not to worry about art of Dr. Aletha Maybank’s medical train-

nonmedical issues affecting her patients’ quality of life, she said, because social workers would handle it. But she didn’t understand how physicians could divorce medical advice from the context of patients’ lives. “How can you offer advice as recommendations that’s not even relevant to how their day-to-day plays out?” Maybank asked. Today, Maybank is continuing to question that medical school philosophy. She was recently named the first chief health equity officer for the American Medical Association. In that job, she is responsible for implementing practices among doctors



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across the country to help end disparities in care. She has a full agenda, including launching the group’s Center for Health Equity and helping the Chicago-based doctors association reach out to people in poor neighborhoods in the city. A pediatrician, Maybank previously worked for the New York City government as deputy commissioner for the health department and founding director of the city’s health equity center. Carmen Heredia Rodriguez of Kaiser Health News recently spoke with Maybank about her new role and how health inequities affect Americans. This transcript has been edited for length and clarity. What does health equity mean to you, and what are some of the main drivers that are keeping health inequitable in this country?

The AMA policy around health equity is optimal health for all people.

But it’s not just an outcome; there’s a process to get there. How do we engage with people? How do we look at and collect our data to make sure our practices and processes are equitable? How do we hire differently to ensure diversity? All these things are processes to achieve health equity. In order to understand what produces inequities, we have to understand what creates health. Health is created outside of the walls of the doctor’s office and at the hospital. What are patients’ jobs and employment like? The kind of education they have. Income. Their ability to build wealth. All of these are conditions that impact health.

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APPOINTMENT Healing through art together

What are some of your priorities?

A large part of my work will be how I build the organizational capacity to better understand health equity. The reality in this country is folks aren’t comfortable talking about those issues. So, we have to destigmatize talking about all of this.

Is there anything along your career path that really surprised you about the state of health care in the U.S.?

There’s the perception that all of our health is really determined by whether you have a doctor or not, or if you have insurance. What creates health is much beyond that. So if we really want to work on health and equity, we have to partner with people who are in the education space and the economic space and the housing spaces,

The Chico Art Center is hosting a Women’s Retreat for Camp Fire Survivors this Saturday (July 13) at 10 a.m. The focus of the event is to create a vision for the future in the company of women by making multimedia “Dream Girl” collages while sharing stories, ideas and short- or long-term goals. Participants will be guided through the process and materials will be provided for a $5 fee. For more information and to register, contact Lynn Abbati at 520-1513 or lynabbiati@yahoo.com. Come prepared to get messy and creative, to meet new people and most of all, have lots of fun!

JULY 11, 2019



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About this story:

This story was produced by Kaiser Health News, an editorially independent program of the Kaiser Family Foundation.

mentation and investment effort geared toward optimizing economic well-being and improved health outcomes. Is there anything else you feel is important to understand about health equity?

Health equity and social determinants of health have become jargon. But we are talking about people’s lives. We were all born equal. We are clearly not all treated equal, but we all deserve equity. I don’t live outside of it, and none of us really do. I am one of those women who were three to four times more likely to die at childbirth because I’m black. So I don’t live outside of this experience. I’m talking about my own life. Ω


This guy saves you money.

do we work to heal relationships as well as understand the impact of our past actions? AMA definitely issued an apology in the early 2000s, and my new role is also a step in the right direction. However, there is more that we can and should do. Another priority now is: How do we work, and who do we work with, in our own backyard of Chicago? What can we do to work directly with people experiencing the greatest burden of disease? How do we ensure that we acknowledge the power, assets and expertise of communities so that we have the process and solutions driven and led by communities? To that end, we’ve begun working with West Side United via a relationship at Rush Medical Center. West Side United is a community-driven, collective neighborhood planning, imple-

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Foster Grandparents are volunteers who provide support in schools, afterschool programs, preschools, and child care centers in Butte and Colusa County. They are role models, mentors, and friends to children, focusing on literacy, mentoring, and school readiness. If you are 55 or over and want to stay active by serving children and youth in your community, you have what it takes to be a Foster Grandparent. Foster Grandparents serve 5 to 40 hours per week. Volunteers may qualify to earn a tax-free, hourly stipend. You’ll receive pre-service screening, orientation, placement at your volunteer station and monthly training.

Attend An upcoming orientAtion: August 8th or 15th

The U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) issued a warning this month about a fecal parasite that can be found in swimming pools, and it causes terrible symptoms like stomach cramps, fever, vomiting and “the runs.” In medical circles, this nasty bugger is known as cryptosporidium and it can reportedly survive for days in pool water. Crypto can enter the body when a swimmer swallows contaminated water, and contamination comes from, you guessed it, poop. An alarming survey from the Water Quality & Health Council found that “half of Americans use swimming pools as communal bathtubs,” which translates to 24 percent saying they’d jump in the pool within an hour of having diarrhea and 48 percent admitting they don’t shower before swimming. How to protect yourself? Do your part—don’t swim in a pool for at least two weeks after suffering from a stomach ailment, and keep your mouth closed while swimming!


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GREEN GREENWAYS PG&E has cut some 91,000 trees in the Camp Fire zone, including many living, healthy ones, citing wildfire safety, though some question that plan’s efficacy. Seen here: power lines in Yankee Hill. PHOTO BY MEREDITH J. COOPER

Scant details Are California utilities doing enough to fireproof their equipment?


Julie Cart

W wringing, state regulators approved plans that for the first time set out how ith much fanfare and no less hand-

California’s electric utilities intend to prevent their equipment from sparking wildfires. But the plans provide scant details and little evidence to support the companies’ claims that indiscriminately clear-cutting millions of trees and replacing hundreds of thousands of wooden utility poles with steel ones will actually reduce the risk of wildfires. Further, the nearly $3 billion price tag for California’s utilities to perform fire-deterrent work is heavily weighted toward projects that afford them financial advantages and tax benefits: As things stand, the investor-owned utilities may recover 10 percent or more beyond what they spend on the projects, recouping the money from their customers. Pole replacement, for example, is a bigticket item in many of the plans—causing some skeptics to wonder if it’s there for wildfire-resistance or profit-making. When utilities invest in infrastructure, they may gain tax benefits by accelerating depreciation on their equipment. The state’s Public Utilities Commission, operating under an urgent deadline from the Legislature, rushed the approval process on a “rocket docket.” Utilities submitted the plans in February and the commission signed off on them May 30, even while admitting that it lacks the expertise to determine if the proposals will make a difference. The enormity of California’s wildfire problem propelled the Legislature to act. But that speed may have prevented the utilities



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from fleshing out their proposals or offering data to support their claims. “We have never seen anything move this fast,” said Shana Lazerow, legal director of Communities for a Better Environment, which participated in a hearing the commission held on behalf of low-income communities. “This is complicated material and required more time to do it justice. We are taking [the utilities’] word for it.” The commission acknowledged the paucity of proof in its decision to approve San Diego Gas and Electric’s plan, with a caveat that applies to all the fire plans: “A key concern in all utilities’ [plans] is that the ‘metrics’ are based on how much work the utility will perform (e.g., how many trees it will cut, how many miles of conductor it will install), rather than on the results of this work (e.g., reduction in wildfires or other events that cause wildfires) … metrics are to be used to evaluate whether the plan actually reduces the risk of catastrophic wildfire. Thus, it is not enough to measure how many trees are trimmed or miles of conductor are replaced.” Cal Fire’s chief of utility mitigation, Mike Wilson, agreed that “you have nothing to go on, no metrics” with which to judge the plans. But, he said, California utilities are at last making an effort: “They are changing course, but it’s like turning a supertanker.” The companies’ plans uniformly emphasize brush and tree clearance, replacing wooden poles for composite or steel ones, ramping up weather monitoring and adding remote

About this story:

It’s an abridged version of a story published by CALmatters.org, an independent public journalism venture covering California state politics and government.

cameras, and employing “hardening measures,” such as insulating lines and installing protective covers over some equipment. But the utilities commission cautioned the companies against taking out wide swaths of vegetation without considering how fire prone the plant or tree is, or whether it’s healthy. PG&E, for example, was told to consult professional arborists before removing live trees. Likewise, vegetation must be trimmed from around poles and lines, the commission said, but utilities plant removal should conform to a plan that won’t denude whole areas and create unintended environmental consequences. During the commission’s proceedings, some

commenters questioned whether the proposed replacement poles would really be superior— what happens, they asked, if a heavy steel or composite pole does come down and then, too heavy to move, clogs evacuation routes. Marcel Hawiger, an attorney with the Utility Reform Network, a consumer watchdog group that closely follows the state’s electricity providers, called PG&E’s pole replacement plan “overkill.” “That’s what they get profits from, and the accelerated-depreciation benefit for all types of maintenance work,” he said. “We are not sure if that is necessary to mitigate fire—and may totally be a waste of time.” But return-on-investment is guaranteed under Utilities Commission rules, and utility companies know how to navigate the system. Bill Julian, a utility attorney who formerly worked at the commission and was chief counsel to the Assembly Utilities and Energy Committee, said the cost-recovery process is complex, with an “infinite number of opaque and game-able strategies.” Gov. Gavin Newsom’s recent legislative

proposals specifically disallowed utilities from profiting off of their wildfire mitigation work. That and other of his proposals, including a fund to more quickly reimburse fire victims, have yet to be drafted into bill form. Meanwhile, the clock is ticking on Newsom’s proposed legislation: The Legislature’s last work day before its summer recess is Friday (July 12). It’s also the timeframe for national ratings agencies to weigh in on possibly downgrading the credit of Edison and SDG&E, based on wildfire liability. With PG&E in bankruptcy and facing $30 billion in claims, state officials hope the governor’s proposed legislation, and these wildfire amelioration plans, will help steady nerves on Wall Street. The utilities were compelled to submit their plans by legislation last year by Napa Democratic Sen. Bill Dodd. He now acknowledges that many contours of the plans need backfilling, but said the utilities will provide that additional information soon. “It will be better next year,” Dodd said. “Luck and hope are not strategies, but we will need both.” Ω


Outdoor learnin’ The Yahi Trail in Upper Park is full of wonders: edible plants, diverse wildlife, a colorful history of ecology and geology, and so much more. Feed your brain and body this Saturday (July 13) at 9 a.m. with an Upper Park Nature Hike led by Adventure Quest’s Druin Heal, a certified naturalist. The hike is free and will lead to the Diversion Dam, but you are welcome to join for as much or as little of the hike as you want. And though the event is geared toward adults, if your children can hack it, they are welcome to come along.




100 million bagels The first week of July marked 40 years making and selling bagels for Peter Horylev and Scott Schulman (pictured left and right, respectively), owners of Brooklyn Bridge Bagel Works. A precise calculation of years and bags of flour equals out to 100 million delicious hand-shaped rings of dough, Schulman told the CN&R. The short history of this downtown Chico standby has Schulman arriving in town from New York in a hippie van in the ’70s to attend Chico State. After graduating with a degree in psychology, he realized he wasn’t interested in listening to other people’s problems, so he headed back East to spend a week making bagels with his old roommate (an experienced bagel-maker) to learn what he could. With $5,000 and a lot of chutzpah, he started Oy Vey Bagels—a small shop downtown, above what would eventually become the expanded Oy Vey Cafe. In a serendipitous turn of events, Horylev became Schulman’s first employee. The original hire didn’t show, and Horylev (second on the list) took over and never left. The duo went on to start the first company to supply fresh bagels in mass quantities to the public, manufacturing up to 16,000 bagels a day and transporting them to 35 states and three countries. The cafe closed, the wholesale business was sold, and the beloved

Wheels, sales and cinnamon rolls

Brooklyn Bridge Chicoans have known and loved for the last roughly 25 years was born. Both Schulman (interviewed here) and Horylev are still there working the counter a few days a week. Stop by, grab a bagel, and say hi.

It seems like you guys have had the only bagel place in town forever. Yeah, that’s true. The one guy who tried ended up coming in at 6 in the morning to buy ours and resell them. He said, “I can’t make them as good as you and you charge me less than it costs me to make them myself.”

How did you get into making bagels on such a massive scale? We had been open for eight months and I talked Lucky’s into believing I could provide all 387 stores with bagels. We borrowed $50,000 and opened up the factory, but we didn’t know what we were doing. We had equipment we didn’t know how to use; we knew

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nothing. We did that for 11 years and became pretty successful, but I didn’t like the wholesale end of it—I like people.

What stands out most over the decades at Brooklyn Bridge? Our customers are still loyal as can be. When they walk in, the girls usually know what they are going to eat and start making it. Peter and I have somehow gotten along for 40 years. We know what each others’ strengths are, and weaknesses. We’ve had no problems. He has this incredible integrity and honesty, and a work ethic that’s ridiculous. I don’t have that—I come up with the ideas and he ends up doing the work and we get along fine.

I heard you don’t like bagels. Even as a kid I wasn’t a bagel person. I eat the bagel dog a lot, the bagel dogs are good. —NEESA SONOQUIE ne e s as @new srev i ew. c o m


Meredith J. Cooper meredithc@newsreview.com

A few weeks ago, when I was up on the Ridge reporting on the drinking water crisis, I had an occasion to stop by Meeho’s for a mean plate of nachos. I chatted briefly with the guy who took my order at the popular eatery, which is operating out of a truck parked alongside its still-standing building on the Skyway. It makes sense, with a lack of potable water, to do it that way—there are way fewer requirements because of the standalone plumbing system. Meeho’s isn’t the only one going mobile. (Actually, that truck existed before the fire.) Just this week, Green Paradise started serving up hungry customers out of a truck at its old space on the Skyway. Its brick-and-mortar shop burned down—its new Facebook banner is a sweet but chilling drawing of the old store shrouded by an orange sky. I’m really happy to see businesses returning to the Ridge and not letting the many obstacles in their path hold them back.

FOR SALE Too many years ago now, I remember heading out to Scotty’s Landing for my 30th birthday. It also happened to be a CAMMIES blues showcase, so I decided to make a thing of it. I called up my friend Vickie Haselton, a longtime Yellow Cab driver who also drove a school bus, and she picked up me and my friends downtown in the bus and carted us out to the river. What fun! Two things bring this up: Vickie just became one of the CN&R’s newest hires— you might see her delivering papers on Thursday mornings—congrats, friend! And I just heard the news that Scotty’s Landing is up for sale. For $800,000, the legendary riverside bar and tubing spot could be yours. ONE MORE As I was reading the ad for Scotty’s, I came across another listing

that sparked my interest. Odyssey Winery & Vineyards is for sale. The north Chico spot—it’s on Cohasset Road, down past the airport—is on 7.2 acres, 2.5 of them vineyard land. It’s going for $2.2 million and the owners, Norm and Janice Rosene, are willing to offer winemaking coaching gratis. Last time I checked in with the Rosenes, they were being deployed to Tulsa, Okla., to help with animals displaced by severe storms and flooding there. Best of luck, you two.

HEALTHY SHMEALTHY For anyone wishing they could shovel in half of their daily calories and fat in one sitting, you’re in luck: Cinnabon is coming to the Chico Mall. I’m not trying to knock the bakery that specializes in delicious, soft, warm, dripping-with-icing cinnamon rolls—I’m happy to hear that a big-name brand wants to come into the mall. I do wish I could report that it’s going to take up residence in the food court, however, because that little corner looks sadder and sadder every time I walk by. Instead, you’ll be able to pick up your 880-calorie Cinnabon Classic Roll (just 37 grams of fat, 17 of them saturated!) by Auntie Anne’s.

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Why aren’t we discussing


Humanity’s surge causes wildfires, pollution and other environmental crises, but the topic remains taboo BY ALASTAIR BLAND


mages of wildfires engulfing trees, often with fleeing residents cast in silhouette, have become among the most ubiquitous illustrations of how global warming is affecting the West, especially California. But in a recent analysis, fire ecologist Jon Keeley saw a remarkable pattern that he feels has been overlooked by media, activists and politicians. Climate change isn’t causing most fires. People are.



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Keeley, a UCLA professor and senior research scientist with the U.S. Geological Survey’s Western Ecological Research Center, studied records of tens of thousands of wildfires that occurred in California from 1919 to 2016. Although lightning strikes were responsible for as many as a quarter of all fires in several inland mountain regions, in twothirds of California counties, human activity sparked 95 percent of all wildfires. Keeley believes that population growth is equally or even more responsible than global warming as the proximate ignition source of California’s wildfire plague. “Politicians just want to say that global warming is the big problem,” he said. “To me, climate change is a distraction from the population problem. ... They’re comfortable with global warming because they can’t be held accountable, whereas population growth is something that much more directly affects their constituents right now.”

Although U.S. birth rates fell to a 32-year low in 2018, California is not immune to global population trends. The Bay Area’s population of 7.8 million, for example, could increase by 1.7 million people by the 2040s, and no matter how much new housing is constructed, some observers believe it won’t ever be enough to outpace the demand for it. “It’s an unsolvable problem,” said Randy Rentschler of the Metropolitan Transportation Commission. “The Bay Area is choking on its own success.” Human population growth is the root cause of just about every resource-related problem afflicting global society. By 2100—the year now so often treated as the forecast horizon for humanity—nearly all of the 7.6 billion humans currently alive will be gone. But in their place could be 11 billion to 12 billion others, dominating a planet overrun with noise, litter, livestock and pollution, and stricken by resource depletion, ocean

acidification, farmland degradation, water-supply overextension, and the cascading effects of climate change. “We think about population growth in the most incredibly selfish way,” said sustainable seafood activist Casson Trenor, who recently authored a children’s book about humans’ relationship with the ocean. “There will be a whole lot of new people who didn’t ask for this planet, who didn’t ask for this situation, but will be brought into this world by our choice, and it’s our responsibility to provide for them the best world that we can.” Although seldom invoked by name, population growth gnaws at the fabric of our lives and politics. The populist wave that has transformed politics across the developed world in recent years is largely a backlash to rising immigration from countries with higher birth rates and less economic opportunity. Economist David Zetland, who studied at UC Davis but now lives and teaches in the Netherlands, summa-

rizes that political worldview as “white people who are afraid of darker-skinned people having more children.” Yet even though population trends lie at the very heart of our national politics, the topic is oddly absent from contemporary conversations. “It dwarfs everything going on now, but people don’t acknowledge it or if they do, it’s sort of a sky-is-falling-let’s-talk-aboutsomething-else approach,” said Trenor, who co-founded San Francisco’s Tataki Sushi and Sake Bar, which focuses on sustainable seafood. He calls the planet’s growing population “the 800-pound invisible gorilla in the room.”

‘Is it OK to still have children?’ People have worried about overpopulation for at least 300 years. Late in the 18th century, scholar Thomas Malthus theorized that the rapid growth of the human population would be checked by a limited capacity to grow enough food. But Malthus’ forecast did not come true. Population growth was real enough, but it was accompanied by advances in farming, sanitation, manufacturing, medicine and other realms that enabled more and more humans to live in closer and closer proximity, even while extending their average ages and quality of life. Following the 1968 publication of a lowbudget paperback called The Population Bomb, many people again believed civilization was on a crash course with doom. The book, which sold millions of copies and made a celebrity of its author, Stanford professor Paul Ehrlich, warned that the human population had exceeded the Earth’s carrying capacity and would experience catastrophic famines. Ehrlich issued his warning precisely at the modern peak of the population growth rate; globally, our numbers were rising more than 2 percent per year at the time, double today’s rate. The author viewed those trends as unsustainable. In an interview in 1970 with CBS, two years after publication of The Population Bomb, he declared, “Sometime in the next 15 years, the end will come, and by ‘the end’ I mean an utter breakdown of the capacity of the planet to support humanity.” In fact, Earth’s human population has doubled since 1968, and projections suggest it will reach 11 billion by 2100. Yet even as the population has surged, human life expectancy has increased, and discussion of the issue itself has gradually receded from popular dialogues—replaced by such planet-wide concerns as pollution, deforestation, overfishing and global warming.

Although projections such as Ehrlich’s did not come true, they arguably were influential in helping to slow down birth rates in the developed world. All across the Northern Hemisphere and the southernmost parts of the Southern Hemisphere, birth rates have plunged. The United States’ has gone negative—to 1.8 children per woman. Across the globe, advances in education and the empowerment of women have radically reduced fertility rates and family sizes in the nations farthest from the Equator—including Europe, industrialized Asia, Australia and New Zealand, the southern half of South America, Canada and the United States—home to roughly twofifths of the planet’s population. The home of the other three-fifths—including Africa; the Mideast; Central, South and Southeast Asia; the Caribbean; Central America; and the northern half of South America—have much higher fertility rates. These realities arm contemporary discussions of population with racial and ethnic tripwires. “Population growth in Africa—yes, it’s a problem,” said consulting ecologist Josiah Clark, a San Francisco native. “But by focusing on that, we’re making it into a Third World issue, like we can blame them for the problems we’re causing.” Even though bringing humans into the world has negative impacts on shared public resources, the acts of procreation and parenting are treated as inalienable rights. “What do politicians do?” Zetland quipped. “They kiss babies, so they’re not going to go around telling people to have less of them.” In a rare exception to this dynamic, Rep. Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez suggested in a video several months ago that it’s appropriate for young people to ask, “Is it OK to still have children?” Not surprisingly, she was immediately disparaged by conservative talking heads who basically accused her of trying to sabotage civilization. Because population growth is closely linked to economic growth, it can be dangerous for elected officials to scorn reproduction. In fact, Republican lawmakers often encourage population growth, ostensibly for the benefit of society. In March, Republican Sen. Mike Lee, of Utah, gave a speech in which he called for Americans to “fall in love, get married, and have some kids.” He claimed that having more people on the planet, not

Stanford professor Paul Ehrlich wrote a famous book about population growth in 1968. In 1970, he theorized that the world would not be able to support human life within 15 years. PHOTO COURTESY OF GANT INSTITUTE

fewer, is the best way to provide the needed brainpower to think our way out of the climate crisis. Back in 2017, Rep. Paul Ryan told reporters, “We need to have higher birth rates in this country,” explaining that the social assistance programs that he has tried to weaken through funding cuts are at risk of sinking if birth rates decline. However, the same politicians who call for higher birth rates also tend to oppose liberal immigration policies, even though replacement migration—how some European countries now maintain their populations—is a viable and humane mechanism for populating economic sectors like agriculture and construction. “They’re certainly looking to grow only certain populations in the United States,” said Stephanie Feldstein, the population and sustainability director with the Center for Biological Diversity. This dynamic is seen in other countries, too. Israel’s high birth rate of 3.1 children per woman has been applauded by pro-Israel analysts as a boost to its political and economic standing—and preferable to the alternative of simply accommodating would-be immigrants. “In 2018, Israel is the only advanced economy and Western-style democracy endowed with a relatively high fertility rate [number of births per woman],

which facilitates further economic growth with minimal dependency on migrant labor,” wrote Yoram Ettinger in a 2018 article at JewishPolicyCenter.org. Japan, on the other hand, is where to best study the economic ramifications of population decline. Its population keeps shrinking as the lowest birth rate found among any modern nation continues to decline—now just 1.42 births per woman. In 2018, the nation’s total population dropped by 445,085, to 124 million people. In 2009, about 128.5 million people inhabited Japan. As the median age of Japanese citizens increases, the matter is being treated as a national crisis. That age is now 46.3 years, with more than half the population 46 or older—statistics only slightly amplified above those seen in much of Europe. The problem with an aging population is that the number of retired individuals increases, and the workforce contracts, placing the burden of supporting them onto the shoulders of fewer and POPULATION C O N T I N U E D

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O N PA G E 2 2



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fewer people. It also means fewer consumers, which upsets standard notions of economic growth. “Politicians are obsessed with GDP and growth as metrics for their own success and a healthy economy no matter how unhealthy it is for the environment,” Feldstein said. “There’s this disconnect in our economy and in politics where they insist on this belief that infinite growth is possible even though we live on a finite planet.” Japan illustrates why. Although the causes of its woes are manifold, its economy has been in recession for more than 20 years, since around the time the country’s birth rate first plummeted. The Japanese government has promoted campaigns to boost childbirths, but there seems to be no turnaround in sight. Projections show there could be as few as 100 million Japanese citizens by 2050. If the entire planet were to follow this trajectory, there would be about 6 billion people in 30 years, rather than the expected 9.8 billion. “If the population declines, it will take some rethinking of economic structures,” Feldstein said. “Right now, that structure is based on growth. ... It seems impossible because we’ve only ever seen our population grow.” Mathis Wackernagel, founder of the Global Footprint Network, in Oakland, said the problem with perpetual economic growth is that it physically can’t continue forever. “It is a Ponzi scheme,” he said. “We are overusing resources of the future to pay for the present.” Such schemes, he said, must be “maintained or they collapse. That’s why we are so tied to this rat race. We cannot jump off so easily.” Zetland believes economies can prosper even if their populations stabilize or begin to drop. “It’s a total fallacy that the economy needs constant growth and a growing population,” he said, noting that individual retirement accounts can

Nik Bertulis, who lives in a community of tiny homes in Oakland surrounded by gardens and arts space, questions the ethics of bringing a child into the world. PHOTO COURTESY OF NIK BERTULIS



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potentially lift the burden of supporting the retired generation off the shoulders of the younger workforce.

A taboo subject On a warm June afternoon in north Oakland, Nik Bertulis sat on the roof of his home, wondering if he would ever bring a new human into the world. The 44-year-old would like to be a father. But he is among many people in their early middle age questioning the ethics and wisdom of having children. His concerns include subjecting children to an uncertain future, as well as contributing to that uncertainty by adding another mouth or two to feed. Bertulis and his partner live in a small community of tiny homes, with a dozen other residents, on a leased property converted from a vacant lot eight years ago into an urban garden space and artists’ community. He views his living situation as ‘regenerative,’ which he defines as living “in a deeply reciprocal relationship with nature.” They call it PLACE, for People Linking Art, Community, and Ecology. It’s within the most coveted urban area in the West, with culture, music and people as nearby as green space, trees, and gardens. In many ways, there could be no better place to raise a child. “But because of the ecological destruction all around us, I’ve really leaned away from it,” he said. “I don’t know that my child would take up regenerative habits, and it could have negative impacts on the planet. Each new human added to the planet usually is going to have degenerative effects—there’s no way around it.” Discussing such matters openly can be a delicate task.

“Reproduction is such a strong drive, biologically but also socially and culturally,” Bertulis said. “Any time you start talking about the environment and population, it’s like an immediate threat to that entire part of life,” he said. The debate over how population trends affect economic vigor indicates our society’s misplaced values, he said. “Gross domestic happiness is a much more relevant indicator of how we measure wealth,” he said. “If physical and emotional well-being is wealth, then let’s measure true wealth rather than obscure, abstract concepts that destroy our environment.” Taken one person at a time, such personal decision-making is more symbolic than Earth-changing, and may not significantly alter the fate of our world. Because while Americans may not be reproducing as prolifically as they once did, they are still voracious resource hogs. Americans’ per capita carbon footprint remains dozens of times greater than that of many other nations. That raises the question whether Earth is suffering more from overpopulation or human consumption patterns. Ecologist Peter Raven, a San Francisco native and president emeritus of the Missouri Botanical Garden, believes it is both. “People sometimes try to say it’s consumption that’s the problem, not population, but those two things are like two sides to a rectangle,” said Raven, who has studied the impacts of the growing human population on wild plant communities. “The more people you have, the more consumption, and the more consumption you have, the more impact. They’re directly related. We need a level population.” There is no doubt the planet’s nonhuman residents are paying the price of overpopulation and unsustainable lifestyles. That’s why many naturalists now advocate for half the Earth being allocated to other species. It’s an idea popularized by author and Harvard biologist E.O. Wilson, who proposed in his 2017 book Half-Earth that allocating half the planet’s surface to the natural world would relieve 85 percent of species of the threat of extinction. Bertulis, referring to this philosophy, calls himself “a half-Earther.” He believes that with proper landscape management—including densification of cities—that California could revive its waning resources. He believes, for example, that Californians have the know-how and technology to restore the massive salmon runs that shaped much of California’s natural and cultural histories. The fish teemed in coastal waters, and scientists think at least 2 million or 3 million adults—mainly coho and chinook—spawned every year in coastal creeks, streams and rivers. Bertulis

Stephanie Feldstein, of the Center for Biological Diversity, says the global economy is based on population growth—not decline. PHOTO BY GARY WILSON MINDFULLIGHT.COM

said he sees salmon as a form of true, actual wealth—more valuable and meaningful than the economic assets people treasure today, but a gift that modern societies have squandered. In fact, just about everywhere in the Northern Hemisphere, where salmon range naturally, human population growth and economic development have correlated with a decline and disappearance of local runs—a pattern documented by biologist Robert Lackey, of Oregon State University, who has predicted near-extinction of salmon south of Canada. Wackernagel believes humans are sucking the life out of the planet faster than the sun’s incoming energy can replenish it. His Global Footprint Network concerns itself largely with measuring the rate at which that is occurring. Right now, he said, humanity is consuming resources at a rate that it would take 1.75 Earth equivalents to sustain. “This means we’re drawing down our assets,” he said. The network’s annual Earth Overshoot Day illustrates this concept, marking the day of the year by which the planet’s humans have consumed all the resources that the planet is able to produce in a full year. In 2019, we will have consumed a full year’s worth of food and energy by July 29—Earth Overshoot Day. Last year, it was on Aug. 1. In fact, it has been arriving sooner and sooner almost every year. In the 1990s, it arrived in September. If all the world’s residents lived like Californians, Earth Overshoot Day would fall in late March. That’s because Californians are using between five and eight times the biological resources that are available with the state, Wackernagel said. In his native

Switzerland, the populace consumes 4.5 times the resources that could be produced inside the nation. “A lot of these people say, ‘We have money, we’ll just buy what we need,’” Wackernagel said. He said that per capita global consumption rates haven’t changed much since the 1970s. That means the increased consumption rate of the planet is largely being driven by population growth.

‘At some point there are limits’ The Population Bomb is widely viewed today as little more than a curiosity, reflective of a brief moment of social panic. Forecasts warning that 4 billion people on the planet would cause calamitous environmental collapse obviously were way off the mark. Still, Ehrlich’s warnings shouldn’t be shelved forever. “When a stand of trees is planted too densely for its environment, at

some point there’s going to be a massive die-off,” said David Keller, a former Petaluma city councilman who has advocated for various environmental causes. He said an even worse event resembling the flu pandemic that infected a third of the planet’s population in 1918 and killed 50 million could strike again. “There are carrying capacities,” Keller said. “We see it in animal populations over and over and over again—you exceed the carrying capacity, and populations collapse.” With humans, he said, the effects may be “increases in diseases, accidents, anxiety or migration away— at some point there are limits to what a habitat can support.” In the past 12,000 years of agriculturally based society, the human population has grown about 2,000fold, from an estimated 4 million to 7.3 billion today. Mid-range forecasts from the United Nations show the population stabilizing at 11 billion or 12 billion in about 100 years. Higher-end estimates suggest a peak at 16 billion. Another UN projection, though, suggests a peak at 8.8 billion by 2050 and then a steady decline, dipping back to the present level by 2100. Wackernagel noted that if every country’s citizens reproduced and consumed resources as people do in Portugal, Spain and Italy, the planet would see a mighty reprieve, with a population decline to about 4.5 billion people by 2100. “And the consumption level would drop from 1.6 planets today to 0.9 planets,” he said. Perhaps most notably, a truly global human population decline would require the social and political empowerment of women everywhere, through education and family planning. If populations do begin declining, recent Republican presidential administrations will deserve none of the credit. They have repeatedly cut funding or otherwise impeded

international family planning programs. Ronald Reagan, George W. Bush and Donald Trump all have disrupted efforts to provide women in developing nations with birth control and access to safe abortions. Barack Obama restored funding to the United Nations Population Fund after his predecessor held back $244 million in aid to the program over seven years. But upon Trump’s entrance into the White House, he signed an executive order prohibiting any organization that receives United States funding from even so much as recommending abortions—even if the organizations use their own money for any such efforts. The president’s action has been widely rebuked as an assault on women in countries where getting pregnant at a young age means an end to education and all the quality-of-life perks that may come with it. In pushing their conservative stance on family planning, Republicans are inadvertently encouraging Third World population growth. But when people born into poverty seek brighter opportunities in the United States, the same political party tries to lock them out. Feldstein expects no better of an administration that has stripped immigrant children from their parents and locked them in cages. But notwithstanding such policies, she is optimistic about the future trajectory of the human population. In spite of Republican efforts to inhibit the aid programs that help boost women’s social standing in developing nations, she said “we are seeing a drop in fertility rates.” Leaders and policy makers should consider alternative metrics for measuring the success of societies, she said. “A few countries are measuring things like happiness indexes, and how we are providing for people, because it’s not just about whether the economy or capitalism suffers, it’s about whether people are suffering,” Feldstein said. In Oakland, Bertulis hopes that society at large will respect and even encourage the personal decision not to reproduce. He said he doesn’t want humanity to dwindle away. “Some people should be having children, absolutely, to perpetuate humanity,” he said. “But if you don’t have kids, good on you—well-played.” Ω

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Arts &Culture Chuck Ragan PHOTO BY LISA JOHNSON

Punk troubadour balances music life an d fly fishing



Special Events CAR AND BIKE NIGHT: Monthly car and bike event in front of the brewery with raffle and prizes. All participants receive a dining discount and free slot play. For more info contact Mike B at 534-5125. Thu, 7/11, 5pm. Feather Falls Casino & Lodge, 3 Alverda Drive, Oroville.

SUMMER CONCERTS IN THE PARK: The Gypsy Bones perform blues, soul and rock hits. Thu, 7/11, 6:30pm. Riverbend Park, 50 Montgomery St., Oroville.

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Chuck Ragan is just starting his day, often on the bank of a river. by Since 1994, Robin Bacior Ragan has been a fixture in the Preview: punk and DIY folk Chuck Ragan performs worlds, and for two Friday, July 12, 8:30p.m. decades he toured Royal Oaks opens. relentlessly, both Cost: $7 with the Gainseville, Argus Bar + Patio Fla.-based post-hard212 W. Second St. core crew Hot Water facebook.com/argusbar Music and as a solo artist. In the last few years, however, he’s decided to play fewer shows and spend more time on his other passion—fly fishing. “Nowadays I spend much more time on the water than I do in a van on the road,” Ragan said. “I knew at some point in time the crazy touring schedule [would]—if not come to an end—really have to slow down.” Ragan now lives with his wife and young son in nearby Grass Valley, where he runs his Chuck Ragan Fly 24


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Fishing business. “I’ve fished since some of my earliest memories; I grew [up] in a family pretty passionate about it,” Ragan said during a recent interview. “It could look like a really big career change in the middle of my life, but for me it wasn’t much of a stretch from what I was already doing. Over a decade ago it was kind of in the back of my mind. I looked at it as something one day I’d love to do, and at the time I didn’t realize it was what I was meant to do.” Though he spends more time on the river these days, Ragan has no plans to retire from music. “As far as the music life, I’ve sacrificed so much and put so much into it, and at the same time developed a really incredible community that surrounds that music,” Ragan said. “To me it wouldn’t make any sense at all to completely walk away from it all.” Hot Water Music is in the midst of a worldwide 25th-anniversary tour—alternating between performing two of the band’s classic albums, No Division (1999) and Caution (2002), in full—and released a new EP, Shake the Shadows, this spring. While the band has been on-again,

off-again, Ragan’s solo career has been constant. The gruff-voiced, heart-onhis-sleeve singer/songwriter has said in recent interviews that he’ll have a follow-up to his last album, Til Midnight (2014), at some point in 2020, and he’s currently doing solo gigs during the band’s off weeks. Ragan is doing his best these days to create a balance between the road and the river. He now books a majority of his tours to align with fishing seasons and close-by rivers along the way, and he gets up early to fish the first half of the day before heading to the next tour stop. In fact, the morning of his Chico solo show—Friday, July 12, at Argus Bar + Patio—he’ll join fellow guide and business partner (and guitarist/singer for the local opening band, Royal Oaks) on the Sacramento River as live guests on the Barbless fly-fishing podcast (podcast.barbless.co). “Nowadays, I take advantage of all these places I used to miss along the way,” Ragan said. “I spent so many years just blowin’ it, being in these incredible places close to these gorgeous fisheries, just spent the time doing boring things like sleeping. I’m just joking, but I’m serious actually.” Ω

THURSDAY NIGHT MARKET: Local produce, fresh flowers, music, arts and crafts, and food trucks. Thu, 7/11, 6pm. Downtown Chico. 345-6500. downtownchico.com



Special Events FRIDAY NIGHT CONCERT: Erin Haley & Firefly performs Americana, rock and pop favorites. Fri, 7/12, 7pm. City Plaza, downtown Chico, 132 W. Fourth St.

FROM HERE TO THERE: A two-block stroll down The Esplanade between the Museum of Northern California Art and the Gateway Science Museum for free guided viewings of both museums’ current exhibits—Map it Out and Before and Beyond the Moon, respectively. Light refreshments, a nohost bar and souvenir postcards will be available. Fri 7/12, 5-8pm. Start at MONCA, 900 Esplanade. monca.org

MOVIES IN THE PARK: INCREDIBLES 2 Saturday, July 13 Sycamore Field



Friday-Saturday, July 12-13 Downtown Chico SEE FRIDAY-SATURDAY, SPECIAL EVENTS





Special Events

Special Events


FARM STAND: Fun farmers’ market featuring

Club Yahi Group hosts five-day trip to the Vogelsang area in Yosemite. Depart Sunday at 8am, return Thursday around 6pm. Contact Alan at 891-8789 or ajmendoza777@ comcast.net for info. Sun, 7/14, 8am

FREE MOVIE: Free movie every week, call 8912762 for title. Sun, 7/14, 2pm. Butte County Library, Chico branch, 1108 Sherman Ave.

WILSON LAKE: Mount Lassen Chapter of the California Native Plant Society hosts hike through meadow to see a variety of flowers. For more info call Marjorie McNairn at 3432397. Sun, 7/14, 8:30am.

Music SLICE OF CHICO: Downtown Chico Business Association’s summer tradition of offering slices of watermelon as local businesses offer deals downtown. Plus, contests and kid-friendly activities. Fri 7/12, 9am. Downtown Chico. 345-6500. downtownchico.com

SUMMER RURAL CONCERTS: Mark 3 performs classic rock and originals in the park. Fri, 7/12, 6:30pm. Palermo Park, 350 Ludlum Ave., Oroville.

VOLUNTEER FRIDAYS: Help pick up litter and pull weeds in the park. For more info call Shane at 896-7831. Fri, 7/12, 9am. Bidwell Park.

Music THE BLUE HIPPIES: Rock ‘n’ roll at the winery. Fri, 7/12, 6pm. Almendra Winery & Distillery, 9275 Midway Road, Durham.

POTLUCK, OPEN MIC AND JAM: Bring a dish to share, an acoustic instrument, your voice, a song or your favorite joke. Small donation

requested. Fri, 7/12, 5pm. Feather River Senior Center, 1335 Meyers St., Oroville.

Theater ARSENIC AND OLD LACE: Classic madcap comedy about poison and murderous old ladies. Fri, 7/12, 7:30pm. $14-$18. Chico Theater Company, 166 Eaton Road, Ste. F.



Special Events COMEDY SLICE: Farm Star’s first ever comedy showcase featuring a fine lineup of local Chico comedians. Sat 7/13, 7pm. Farm Star Pizza, 2359 Esplanade.

MOVIES IN THE PARK: Incredibles 2 starts at dusk. Sat 7/13, 8pm. Sycamore Field, Lower Bidwell Park.

NEW CLAIRVAUX VINEYARD’S 13TH ANNUAL BLESSING OF THE GRAPES: There will be vendors offering local produce and goods, and a ceremony at 10:30am sharp. Wine tasting available to guests with a wristband and glass for $5. Sat 7/13, 9am. New Clairvaux Vineyard, 26240 Seventh St., Vina. 519-1329. newclairvauxvineyard.com

CHUCK EPPERSON & LOKI MILLER: Soft originals by local duo for vegan brunch. Sun, 7/14, 11am. Tender Loving Coffee, 365 E. Sixth St. 433-0414.

SONS OF JEFFERSON: Fun mountain music on the patio by local band. Sun, 7/14, 3pm. Secret Trail Brewing Company, 132 Meyers St., Ste.120.



Special Events APOLLO AT 50: Dave Schlom, host of NSPR’s “Blue Dot,” and Chico State anthropology lecturer Lisa Westwood discuss the 1969 moon landing and the preservation of space heritage. Tue 7/16, 6-8pm. Gateway Science Museum, 625 Esplanade. csuchico.edu/ gateway




SLACKER SATURDAY BIRDING: Leisurely morning walk at the Genetic Resource Center with the Altacal Audubon Society. Contact Skip Augur at wba@acm.org or 519-4724 for more info. Sat 7/13, 9:30am. Genetic Resource Center, 2741 Cramer Lane.

local growers, plant starts, homemade bakery goods and medicinal herbs. Mon, 7/15, 4pm. Blackbird, 1431 Park Ave.

Theater ARSENIC AND OLD LACE: See Friday. Sun, 7/14, 2pm. $14-$18. Chico Theater Company, 166 Eaton Road, Ste. F.

SLICE OF CHICO: See Friday. Sat 7/13, 9am. Downtown Chico. 345-6500. downtownchico.com

summer celebration of community and commerce with vendors, artisans, crafters and music. This week fun dance music with Soul Posse. Wed, 7/17, 5:30pm. Paradise Community Park, 5582 Black Olive Drive, Paradise.


TWILIGHT FAMILY NIGHT AT THE MANSION: John Series shares the tale of John Bidwell’s influence throughout California. Outdoor fire pit to set the mood. Sat 7/13, 7pm. Bidwell Mansion State Historic Park, 525 Esplanade.


UPPER BIDWELL NATURE HIKE: Join Adventure Quest’s Druin Heal on the Yahi Trail for a fun and informative hike. Sat 7/13, 9am. Bidwell Park, parking area E, at Horsehoe Lake.

WOMEN’S ART RETREAT FOR CAMP FIRE SURVIVORS: A place for women to stop and take time for self-care. Each person will leave with a Dream Girl vision board multimedia collage. Sat 7/13, 10am. $5. Chico Art Center, 450 Orange St. chicoartcenter.com

Music MAX MINARDI: Brunch with local singer/ songwriter. Sat, 7/13, 11am. La Salles, 229 Broadway St. lasalleschico.com

Theater ARSENIC AND OLD LACE: See Friday. Sat, 7/13, 7:30pm. $14-$18. Chico Theater Company, 166 Eaton Road, Ste. F.

COMEDY SLICE Saturday, July 13 Farm Star Pizza


FREE LISTINGS! Post your event for free online at www. newsreview.com/calendar, or email the CN&R calendar editor at cnrcalendar@newsreview.com. Deadline for print listings is Wednesday, 5 p.m., one week prior to the issue in which you wish the listing to appear.

SACRED JUICE In celebration of the beginning of harvest and crush season, New Clairvaux Winery will host its 13th annual Blessing of the Grapes festivities this Saturday (July 13). Local vendors will sell and offer samples of their wares— olive oils, vinegars, nuts, fruits, vegetables and more—food trucks will be on hand, and with the purchase of a $5 take-home tasting glass you can sample some wine. The highlight of the day will be the 1,400-year-old blessing ceremony performed by the Trappist-Cistercian monks.

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Friday, July 12 MONCA & Gateway Science Museum SEE ART

Art 1078 GALLERY: Members Show 2019, each member gets two-square feet of wall space to show their work. Through 7/14. 1710 Park Ave. 1078gallery.org

CHICO ART CENTER: Currents, national juried exhibition draws from exemplary artwork of all media from across the United States. Juried by Mima Begovic, founder of ARTSPACE 1616 in Sacramento. Reception on Friday, July 12, 5-7 pm. Through 7/26. 450 Orange St. chicoartcenter.com

GREAT NORTHERN COFFEE: Ashley Penning, print and mixed-media exhibit by local artist. Through 7/31. 434 Orange St.

HEALING ART GALLERY - ENLOE CANCER CENTER: Antonio Ramirez, photography by late Northern California artist. The Enloe Cancer Center Healing Art Gallery features artists whose lives have been touched by cancer. Through 7/19. 265 Cohasset Road, 332-3856.

MUSEUM OF NORTHERN CALIFORNIA ART: Map It Out, Northern California artists present works invented and inspired by the theme of maps. Also, From Here to There, a two-block stroll down the Esplanade to the Gateway Science Museum and back for free viewings of both museum’s current exhibits, Friday, 7/12, 5-8pm. 900 Esplanade. monca.org

ORLAND ART CENTER: Triple Exposure Crosscurrents, photography exhibit features artists James Canter, Stephanie

Luke and Harvey Spector. Through 7/20. 732 Fourth St., Orland.

PROVISIONS GALLERY: Momentum, artwork by J.P. Bruce. Through 7/25. 122 W. Third St.

Museums CHICO CHILDREN’S MUSEUM: Featuring tons of cool stuff for kids to explore including a miniature city, complete with a junior vet clinic, dentist, cafe and farmer›s market, a giant fish tank, multi-sensory room, imagination playground and much more. Check the website for hours and admission information. Through 8/3. $7-$9. 325 Main St. chicochildrensmuseum.org

GATEWAY SCIENCE MUSEUM: Before and Beyond the Moon, interactive multimedia exhibition celebrates the human and technological achvements needed to reach the moon and envisions a future Mars landing. Through 12/15. Plus, Apollo at 50 lecture, Tue, 7/16, 6-8pm. And, From Here to There, a two-block stroll down the Esplanade from MONCA and back for free viewings of both museum’s current exhibits, Friday, 7/12, 5-8pm. 625 Esplanade.

VALENE L. SMITH MUSEUM OF ANTHROPOLOGY: Remarkable Lives, exploring the intertwined worlds of birds and humans, in partnership with the Altacal Audubon Society and Snow Goose Festival. Exhibits include bird songs and behaviors, local photography and a robotic recreation of the late Jurassic Archaeopteryx. Through 7/31. 400 W. First St.

SCENE At Eternity’s Gate

Halffinished picture




CN&R film critic’s mid-year look at films of 2019

Ibestock on what is shaping up to a very good and very interesting ’ve done some personal taking of

movie year, both in theaters and outside them, via the multitude of by digital resources Juan-Carlos available to movie Selznick fans. Of films to show in local theaters, I’ve especially liked the following (all of which are now available for streaming— except Little Woods, which goes online July 16): Nadine Labaki’s Capernaum, an ironic coming-ofage drama from Lebanon; the tragic and folkloric epic from Colombia, Birds of Passage, by the directorial team of Cristina Gallego and Ciro Guerra (Empire of the Serpent); The Mustang, French director Laure de Clermont-Tonnerre’s tale of a convict and a horse in a Nevada setting; Nia DaCosta’s Little Woods, a modern-day “western” set in a dying North Dakota town; High Life, Claire Denis’ sardonic inversion of the masterpieces of cinematic space travel (2001: A Space Odyssey, for example); Sunset, László Nemes’ stylized tour de force, a phantasmagorical sort of roving vision quest set in pre-World War I Budapest. Also of note from the big screen, Jim Jarmusch’s recently released The Dead Don’t Die, a darkhumored, self-reflexive yarn about

zombies in Pennsylvania. Among recent films encountered via digital media, the special standouts include: Lee Chang-dong’s Burning (South Korea), about a multifaceted, socially complex romantic triangle; Ali Abassi’s Border (Sweden), a wildly offbeat and extraordinarily effective fantasy about human and animal nature; Marielle Heller’s Can You Ever Forgive Me? with Melissa McCarthy’s Oscar-nominated performance as literary forger Lee Israel; John Lee Hancock’s The Highwaymen, with Kevin Costner and Woody Harrelson as ex-Texas Rangers charged with tracking down Clyde Barrow and Bonnie Parker in 1934; Julian Schnabel’s At Eternity’s Gate, with Willem Dafoe superb as Vincent Van Gogh; Bruno Dumont’s 2017 film Jeanette: The Childhood of Joan of Arc (France— now streaming in U.S.) done as a rock musical with a youthful cast (a nonmusical sequel, Joan of Arc, premiered at Cannes in May). At this stage in the movie year, I’m inclined to say that Birds of Passage, Sunset, Burning and Border loom as the best of the best. And for me at least, there’s also something of exceptional value in the ways that Little Woods, The Mustang and The Highwaymen extend elements of the supposedly moribund western genre into the

realities of the modern West and life in the 21st century. There’s something to be said as well for the fleeting epiphanies and stray beauties that turn up in the general drift of movies to which we’re otherwise pretty indifferent. For instance, there’s the ravishing oddness of the hulking way of walking that Nicole Kidman has devised for her character in the thoroughly discouraging Destroyer. Likewise, Clint Eastwood’s exquisitely minimalist nonperformance in The Mule will never be confused with “great acting,” but for me it remains a walk-through for the ages (as well as the aged). The Martin Scorsese/Bob Dylan Rolling Thunder Revue is a monumental production, but the part that I’d be glad to go on watching again and again and again is footage of Patti Smith improvising poetry on a small stage and bouncing and revving her words directly into something like a cappella rock ’n’ roll. There’s heavy-duty zeitgeist stuff to be found in those stray beauties as well. There are the off-handed portraits of social and moral paralysis in Jarmusch’s zombie farce, for example. And The Highwaymen has a dark, ferocious underlayer of tragic Texas history running just beneath its poker-faced revisions of the Bonnie and Clyde legend. Ω




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THuRSDAy 07/11—WEDNESDAy 07/17 THUMPIN’ THURSDAY ROCK ’N’ BLUES JAM: Hosted by the Loco-Motive  Band plus special guests. All musicians and music enthusiasts  welcome.  Thu, 7/11, 7pm. Studio  Inn Lounge, 2582 Esplanade, (408)  449-2179.

PPOACHER PPOACHER Tuesday, July 16 Blackbird



CHUCK RAGAN: Rad summer rock 

night with ex-guitarist and vocalist of punk band Hot Water Music,  plus locals Royal Oaks.  Fri, 7/12, 8:30pm. $7. Argus Bar + Patio, 212 W.  Second St.

CZAR: Progressive grindcore band  from Tacoma performs, So Cal  death punks Mucid and local heavies Shadow Limb share the bill. All  ages.  Fri, 7/12, 8pm. $7. 1078 Gallery,  1710 Park Ave. 1078gallery.org



HOLLY TAYLOR TRIO: Vocalist backed by  Josh Hegg (piano) and Ethan Swett  (bass).  Thu, 7/11, 7pm. Tender Loving  Coffee, 365 E. Sixth St.

OFF THE RECORD: Local ’80s pop/ rock party cover band plays the  patio.  Thu, 7/11, 6pm. La Salles, 229  Broadway St.

& Firefly perform Americana,  rock and pop favorites.  Fri, 7/12, 7pm. City Plaza, downtown Chico.

SUMMER CONCERTS IN THE PARK: The  Gypsy Bones perform blues,  soul and rock hits.  Thu, 7/11, 6:30pm. Riverbend Park, 50  Montgomery St., Oroville.

THOSE DUDES: Local tunes, the  Drunken Dumpling food truck,  beer.  Thu, 7/11, 7pm. The Commons  Social Empourium, 2412 Park Ave.

GENERATION IDOL: Spot-on Billy Idol 

tribute act. Rock the cradle, yo.  Fri,

7/12, 9:30pm. $5. Feather Falls 

Casino & Lodge, 3 Alverda Drive,  Oroville. featherfallscasino.com

NUMB MOUTH: Fresno trash rock along  with the jazzy Lo & Behold and  WRVNG for a mixed bag of sweet  sounds.  Fri, 7/12, 9pm. Duffy’s  Tavern, 337 Main St.

Acoustic/electric guitar and drum  set available to use. Sign-ups at  7:30pm. All ages welcome until  10pm.  Fri, 7/12, 8pm. $1. Down Lo, 319  Main St., 966-8342.

RIDDIM WARFARE SOUNDCLASH: Caribbean Dance Radio hosts  DJ battle with Reality Sound  International versus TnT Sound  Fri, 7/12, 9pm. The Maltese, 1600 Park  Ave. performs classic rock and originals.  Fri, 7/12, 6:30pm. Palermo  Park, 350 Ludlum Ave., Oroville.

TANNER RICHARDSON: Tender-hearted  singer/songwriter performs for  happy hour.  Fri, 7/12, 4pm. La Salles,  229 Broadway St. lasalleschico.com


ASTRONAUT ICE CREAM: Celebrate the  release of the local electro-pop  band’s first album with a party  featuring Pets from Sacramento  and locals Sex Hogs II and Molly &  Curtis Paul.  Sat, 7/13, 7:30pm. $7.  1078 Gallery, 1710 Park Ave.   1078gallery.org

COMEDY SLICE: Farm Star’s first ever  comedy showcase featuring a fine  lineup of local Chico comedians.  Sat, 7/13, 7pm. Farm Star Pizza, 2359  Esplanade.

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Bliss out among the hops this Tuesday (July 16) at the Sierra Nevada Hop Yard with two of Chico’s favorite acts—longtime indie rock band Surrogate and singer/songwriter Pat Hull. The former plays loud, catchy songs stuffed with thoughtful lyrics you’ll want to sing along with; the latter weaves a striking vocal range with intricate guitar work and tender melodies that might make you cry. Grab a lawn chair or blanket, drink some beer and get sappy.


Sign up today for Butte County’s First Ever BYOC Cannabis-Friendly Art Classes

Fight StartS at 6PM


OPEN MIC: Bring an instrument. 

THE COMO LA FLOR BAND TRIBUTE TO SELENA: Popular tribute band replicates the look, sound and feel of  Latina music legend Selena.  Sat, 7/13, 8pm. $20. Gold Country Casino  & Hotel, 4020 Olive Highway, Oroville.

CUTE AS HELL: Local MCs Calvin Black 

original hip-hop, soul and R&B.  Sat, 7/13, 8pm. $7-$12. Tender Loving  Coffee, 365 E. Sixth St.

DAVI & FRIENDS: Portland-based artist  and friends play soul, funk, Motown  and blues with full band.  Sat, 7/13, 9pm. $5. Tackle Box, 379 E. Park Ave.

and Aaron Jame backed up by a full  ensemble performing covers and 

We Need artists! the Cn&r Artbox ProjeCt Proje is looking for creative minds to transform our newsracks into functional works of art.

Contact mattd@newsreview.com to find out more!




writer from New Mexico is joined  by locals Teeny Nymph, Mechanical  Goldfish and Roxy Doll for a night  of soul-baring. All ages.  Tue, 7/16, 7pm. $7. Blackbird, 1431 Park Ave.

share everything from poetry and  memoir to folk songs and instrumental music. Call Katy at 434-3794  with questions.  Wed, 7/17, 7pm. Butte  County Library, Chico Branch, 1108  Sherman Ave., 538-6296.

OPEN MIC COMEDY: Your weekly  Wednesday dose of free comedy  with experienced and first-time  comedians. Sign-ups start at 

8pm. Wed, 7/17, 9pm. Studio Inn  Lounge, 2582 Esplanade.

PARTY IN THE PARK MUSIC & MARKETPLACE: Weekly summer celebration of community and commerce  with vendors, artisans, crafters  and music. This week fun dance  music with Soul Posse.  Wed, 7/17, 5:30pm. Paradise Community Park,  5582 Black Olive Drive, Paradise.

SURROGATE & PAT HULL: Sierra Nevada  TEMPO REGGAE PARTY: Day and night  party featuring reggae, dancehall,  dub and roots from Nor Cal’s top  DJs, bands and soundsystems, plus  a delicious $20 buffet.  Sat, 7/13, 5pm. Sipho›s, 1228 Dayton Road,  (805) 801-3844.

UP TO 11: Local heavy metal band set  to slay the stage. Led Zep tribute  band Fred Zeppelin opens.  Sat, 7/13, 9pm. $5. The Maltese, 1600 Park Ave.

THE GNARLY PINTS: Married duo  play guitar and fiddle for latenight happy hour.  Sat, 7/13, 10pm. La Salles, 229 Broadway St.  lasalleschico.com

INSIGHT: Good-time trio of musicians playing a broad selection of  rock hits in the lounge.  Sat, 7/13, 8:30pm. Feather Falls Casino &  Lodge, 3 Alverda Drive, Oroville.

JOURNEY UNAUTHORIZED: Lovin’,  touchin’, squeezin’ with a righteously coiffed Journey tribute  band playing the hits.  Sat, 7/13, 9:30pm. $5. Feather Falls Casino &  Lodge, 3 Alverda Drive, Oroville.

VIRGINIA MARLO: Piano and heartfelt  NOCHE LATINA: Put on your nice clothes  and head to Lost for a night of  dancing to a wide range of Mexican  beats.  Sat, 7/13, 9pm. $8. Lost on  Main, 319 Main St. lostonmainchico. com

RADIO RELAPSE: Summer Sucks,  and Then You Die Tour with cover  band playing rad ’90s hits. Special  guests, the Scarlet Pumps.  Sat, 7/13, 9pm. The Spirit, 2360 Oro Quincy  Highway, Oroville. 

vocals. Sat, 7/13, 6pm. Almendra  Winery, 9275 Midway, Durham.  almendrawinery.com


OPEN MIC COMEDY NIGHT: Working on a  bit? See if it’s a hit or heckle-worthy, and enjoy cheap beer specials.  Sign-ups start at 8pm.  Sun, 7/14, 9pm. The Maltese, 1600 Park Ave.  maltesebarchico.com

Full Moon Series presents two of  Chico’s heavy hitters in the Hop  Yard. Relax under the stars with  high-energy indie pop-rock from  Surrogate and sweet guitar-strumming and vocals from Hull.  Tue, 7/16, 7pm. $12. Hop Yard at Sierra  Nevada, 1075 E. 20th St. 

TENDER LOVING TRIVIA: Test your  knowledge of a range of topics with  Annie Fischer. Prize for first place, a  portion of the proceeds go to a local  nonprofit.  Tue, 7/16, 6pm. Tender  Loving Coffee, 365 E. Sixth St.



of home-grown blues with The  Southside Growlers. Bring an  instrument and sign up to join the  jam.  Wed, 7/17, 7:30pm. Feather Falls  Casino & Lodge, 3 Alverda Drive,  Oroville.



From the cosmos comes a sound unlike any other— one part dance, one part pop, one part disco and fully electric, Astronaut Ice Cream has officially landed. This small but powerful duo will be celebrating the release of their first album, Feel Every Emotion, on Saturday (July 13) at the 1078 Gallery. Sacramento’s Pets, local rock ’n’ rollers Sex Hogs 2, and Molly and Curtis Paul will help prepare for blast off.

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Sand and the Stones Two disparate musical video releases

ZChristopher “ethnographic road movie,” is Portland-based Kirkley’s rendition of the tale of a young erzura, touted as a “psychedelic western” and an

man named Ahmoudou’s epic journey, filmed in the Sahara Desert with Tuareg dialogue and a guitar score played by its lead by actor, Ahmoudou Madassane (who Juan-Carlos has also performed with the likes Selznick of Mdou Moctar and Les Filles de Illighadad). The freewheeling central storyline begins in a time of drought with Ahmoudou trying to find his family’s errant herd of goats. Soon after he finds them, he’s heading out again—this time to find his Zerzura DVD from Sahel wayward brother, who was last Sounds (sahelsounds. seen headed for the distant city com). Not rated. of Agadez. When the young man arrives there, a relative tells him his brother has moved on and gone in search of the fabled city of Zerzura. Ahmoudou continues his pursuit. The young man’s increasingly The Quiet One Multiple streaming and phantasmagorical travels include on-demand options encounters with a crazed gold(thequietonemovie. seeker who lives in a hole; a coucom). Not rated. ple of bizarre Djinns whose pronouncements are punctuated with demented laughter; a couple of pistol-packing bandits on a motorcycle; and a ghostly old man at a watering hole who gives the young man a dagger-like sword that turns out to be enchanted. Goats and camels drift through scenes as if possessed of enchantments of their own. Bluesy electric guitar predominates on the



soundtrack in the desert scenes. Kirkley’s spectacular videography is especially strong with the rich colors and luminosity of the main desert locations. And those images combine with the music for a powerful mixture of earthy grit and ecstatic vision. Bill Wyman, the poker-faced bass player with the Rolling

Stones over the bands’ first three decades, is the subject of Oliver Murray’s feature-length documentary portrait, The Quiet One. And the title notwithstanding, Murray’s film shows that while Wyman might be the least extroverted of the original band members, he’s somebody who’s always had a lot going on, artistically and otherwise. Wyman, as we’re reminded here, is several years older than the other Stones and by the time he joined the band he’d already done a stint of military service, already had experience with bands of his own, and already begun a life-long pattern of wide-ranging interests. He could do the Stones’ “bad boy” look as well as anyone, and even though he always seemed somewhat separate from the others, Murray’s portrait also shows the strength of his musical commitment to the band and its distinctive “sound.” Overall, The Quiet One has more breadth than depth in its portraiture. But the diverse range of glimpses we get of Wyman here—musician, diarist, photographer, group historian, conflicted family man, tentative bohemian—puts an intriguingly human face on the deadpan icon seen on all those album covers. Ω

1 2 3 4 5 Poor



Very Good


A Menu From Around the World • 10 New Menu Items • Breakfast & Lunch • Authentic Flavors - Exceptional Service!

FILM SHORTS Reviewers: Bob Grimm, Juan-Carlos Selznick and Neesa Sonoquie.

Opening this week Crawl

After a major hurricane hits Florida, a woman and her father must evade hungry alligators that have moved into their flooded town. Cinemark 14, Feather River Cinemas. Rated R.

The Souvenir

A British movie about a young film student (Honor Swinton Byrne—daughter of Tilda Swinton, who also stars as her mother) who falls for an untrustworthy man (Tom Burke) with dark secrets. Pageant Theatre. Rated R.


A comedy starring Kumail Nanjiani (Silicon Valley) as an Uber driver who picks up a detective and joins him in his pursuit of a deadly terrorist. Cinemark 14, Feather River Cinemas. Rated R.

Now playing Aladdin

Guy Ritchie (Sherlock Holmes, Snatch) wrote and directed this live-action adaptation of the classic Middle Eastern folk tale starring Naomi Scott as Princess Jasmine, Mena Massoud as impoverished thief Aladdin, and Will Smith as the genie who can make wishes come true. Cinemark 14. Rated PG.

Annabelle Comes Home

The Conjuring Universe of films (including The Conjuring, The Nun and Annabelle series) continues to bear horror fruit with this continuation of the dolly-occupied-byevil-spirit plot. Cinemark 14, Feather River Cinemas. Rated R.


Avengers: Endgame

There are tons of questions this movie needed to answer: Is everybody really dead? Where’s Thanos (Josh Brolin)? Where’s Hawkeye (Jeremy Renner)? Is Tony Stark/ Iron Man (Robert Downey Jr.) doomed in space? Does Star-Lord (Chris Pratt) still have his Walkman in the great beyond? And, how can I really talk about anything specific in this film without becoming the Spoiler King? I can say that the movie answers many of the questions everyone’s been asking, and more, thanks to another well-balanced screenplay and a crack directorial job from the team of Anthony and Joe Russo. All of this zips by in spectacularly entertaining fashion and very rarely misses the mark. And in the midst of all the action, Downey Jr. delivers another soulful, endearing performance, well beyond anything you would’ve expected from a Marvel movie before he started showing up in them. Cinemark 14. Rated PG-13 —B.G.

John Wick: Chapter 3 – Parabellum

In part three of the film series, “retired” super-assassin John Wick (Keanu Reeves) is in big trouble as a guild of elite killers hunts him down to claim the $14 million price placed on his head. Cinemark 14. Rated R.


Men in Black: International

This amounts to a wasted opportunity, an admirable attempt to restart a franchise with a new cast that misses most of its marks. Replacing Will Smith and Tommy Lee Jones are Chris Hemsworth and

Tessa Thompson, playing Agents H and M, respectively. H is the bold, brash, superhot agent, and M is a new recruit, having found MIB’s secret headquarters after years of searching. The duo proved they worked well together in Thor: Ragnarok, and while it is fun to see them sharing the screen again, it’s a little baffling what the script puts them through. After a fairly strong start, the action devolves sloppily into boredom. Each passing location—Paris, Italy, Marrakesh—takes the story nowhere, and scenery changes serve only to disguise the fact that the film has no purpose. A “mole in MIB” subplot doesn’t add much mystery, and the finale in Paris (after an opening in Paris) offers few surprises and no thrills. The movie ends with a big “Huh?” Cinemark 14. Rated PG-13 —B.G.


A traditional festival in Sweden—which only happens once every 90 years—devolves into something much darker than a group of visiting young Americans anticipated. Cinemark 14. Rated R.


Ron Howard directed this new documentary on the life of the most recognizable opera singer ever, Italian tenor Luciano Pavarotti. Pageant Theatre. Rated PG.

Breakfast Grill

3221 EsplanadE | 530.891.4500 | mon-fri 8am-2pm sUn 8am-1pm

Best of 20


1 9

Arriving Soon

The Secret Life of Pets 2

In this second film in the computer-animated franchise, Max the Jack Russell Terrier (voiced by Patton Oswalt, who replaced Louis C.K.) and his animal friends continue to have adventures whenever their humans aren’t around. Cinemark 14 Rated PG-13.

Spider-Man: Far From Home

This sequel to Spider-Man: Homecoming (2017) picks up after the events of Avengers: Endgame, and finds Peter Parker/SpiderMan recruited by Nick Fury to battle new threats to the world. Cinemark 14, Feather River Cinemas. Rated PG-13.

Toy Story 4

The whole computer-animated gang is back—including Woody (Tom Hanks), Buzz Lightyear (Tim Allen) and Bo Peep (Annie Potts)—for a new adventure with a new homemade toy pal named Forky. Cinemark 14, Feather River Cinemas. Rated G.



Danny Boyle (Slumdog Millionaire) directs the strained saga of Jack Malik (Himesh Patel), a wannabe musician working part-time in a grocery store. One day while riding his bike home—at the same time the world suffers some sort of momentary power loss—Jack gets hit by a bus. Postaccident, his manager/would-be girlfriend Ellie (Lily James) and some friends gift Jack a new guitar and suggest he bust out a song. He goes with “Yesterday” by The Beatles, and they are moved, as if hearing the song for the first time. That’s because they are hearing it for the first time. A quick Google check by Jack confirms the impossible: Somehow, someway, he now lives in a parallel world where John, Paul, George and Ringo never came together to make music. So what does Jack do? He plagiarizes The Beatles’ catalog and—with the band’s music propelling him—starts to go places (and maybe also starts to develop a relationship with Ellie). So, rather than explore the dark side of plagiarism, or seriously address a world without The Beatles, the movie seems scared of itself and becomes nothing but a lame rom-com. Cinemark 14, Feather River Cinemas. Rated PG-13 —B.G.

ATTENTION LOCAL BUSINESS OWNERS: The CN&R is designing Best of Chico Posters with a QR code that links directly to the Official Best of Chico 2019 online ballot. It’s the perfect way to remind your customers that it’s time to vote for you, their favorite! This 11x17 poster will be available at no cost to you (limit 2 per business).

DON’T MISS YOUR ONLY OPPORTUNITY TO RECEIVE POSTERS FOR THIS YEAR’S BEST OF CHICO CONTEST! Pick up your FREE posters July 29–August 2, 9am-5pm at the CN&R office, 353 E. Second St.


J u ly 1 1 , 2 0 1 9



Mango Mimosa Anyone?

IndAy’s FIlIpIno BreAkFAst & lunch cAterIng AvAIlABle sAturdAy dInner By reservAtIon

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Pucker punch A refreshing option for summer parties

Hwithgivestequila? you lemons, mix them Or was it vodka? Let ow does the saying go? If life

me check my Dale Carnegie book. (Fun fact: The proverbial phrase did not originate with the famed self-help author to whom it’s often attributed; rather it first appeared in the 1915 obituary of dwarf actor and sketch story and artist Marshall photo by Pinckney Jason Cassidy Wilder, in j aso nc @ which Christiannew srev i ew. c o m anarchist author/ artist Elbert Hubbard wrote: “He picked up the lemons that Fate had sent him and started a lemonade stand.” The truth is sometimes stranger, and always better.) The answer, of course, is that lemons make pretty much everything they touch better. This is especially true for many of the staples of summer—iced tea, lemonade, sorbet, marinade for grilled meats, garnish for fish, and a wide range of refreshing adult beverages. With summer temperatures flirting with 100 degrees in recent days, I’ve been focused mostly on that last item. As much as I enjoy a good margarita outdoors during the summer, I want a less-sweet evening chiller, and have endeavored to create a lemonade-style cocktail to meet that craving. After some web-searching for inspiration and a few rounds of tests, I’ve settled on an unfussy yet delicious—too delicious,



j u ly 1 1 , 2 0 1 9

probably—combo of lemon, honey and vodka. I also reached out to local mixologist and Duffy’s Tavern manager Scott Barwick to find out his approach to adult lemonade. He told me that the bartenders there simply mix together 2 ounces of vodka and an ounce each of freshly squeezed lemon juice and simple syrup, shake it with ice and then add soda water for a punch-like twist on the drink. Barwick also suggested that one could make it “with an oleosaccharum as a base, which is how most traditional punches are made.” Starting by mixing citrus peals with sugar and letting it sit long enough for the wonderful oils to release into a fragrant syrup would be a pro move, but if you’re not patient enough for that, a basic lemonade-with-booze cocktail is sufficiently refreshing. Below is my tart rendition, plus a less-stiff punch option. If you’re tooth is sweeter, switch my 2:3:2 ratio of syrup, citrus, vodka to equal parts. Pucker Punch 2 cups honey simple syrup 3 cups fresh-squeezed citrus (half lime, half lemon)

2 cups vodka (preferably Tito’s) lemon and lime slices for garnish (optional) Soda/sparkling water (optional)

For honey simple syrup: mix 1 cup honey and 1 cup water in a small saucepan over medium heat, stirring till dissolved, Pour into a jar and let cool. (Tip: for general simple syrup purposes, mix equal parts honey and warm water in a squeeze bottle and shake till combined.) Juice eight large lemons and 16 limes (for 12 ounces of each). For a pitcher of cocktails, stir together the syrup, citrus juice and vodka, and serve by pouring into 16-ounce glasses filled to the top with ice. Garnish with lemon and/ or lime slices if desired. Makes eight cocktails. For a punch, stir together the syrup, citrus juice and vodka, add a bunch of ice and 36 ounces of soda or sparkling water (lemon La Croix perhaps?) in a big pitcher (or a punch bowl, or a cooler with a spout), then float a bunch of lemon and/or lime slices on top. Serve immediately in 6-ounce cups (before you lose carbonation or the ice melts). Makes approximately 12 servings. Ω

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Something’S happening at ChiCo State arts dEVo has been hearing

voices coming from the university. Wait, don’t turn the page! I’m not asking you to think about school right now. Summer is just three weeks old, and I swear the last thing I want to put in any student or instructor’s head are scary thoughts of syllabi or lesson plans. I’m just saying that it’s pretty quiet around Chico state, and at night, well, you can hear things coming from some of the darkened buildings, especially the abandoned Laxson auditorium. According to campus legend, there’s a ghost—an apparition of a white-haired woman—who haunts the cavernous theater. Some say it’s Annie Bidwell. But I don’t think so. The temperance advocate wouldn’t be caught alive or dead in a place that now serves beer and wine! The spirit has been whispering to me, and I’m starting to think she might be a long-departed arts critic who has been waiting impatiently in her balcony seat since last season for Chico Performances to unveil its new calendar of music, theater and other special events. The official public announcement of the 2019-20 season won’t be made until July 18, but my spirit guide has already seen things, and these are some of the hightlights of what she has foretold: Tig notaro (sept. 28): Notaro is the master of uncomfortable comedy. This might be the live performance of the year in Chico. Elvin Bishop and Charlie Musselwhite (oct. 6): One night, two Blues Hall of Fame inductees. Momix (oct. 11); Body Traffic (Feb. 29): Two nights, two world-class dance troupes. Jake shimabukuro (oct. 19): Uke stud returns. Preservation Hall Jazz Band (nov. 13): The definitive New Orleans jazz band has been performing at its French Quarter namesake for more than 50 years. This is the real deal. Mary Chapin Carpenter and shawn Colvin (dec. 13): The multi-GrammyAward-winning singer/songwriters swap songs and stories for a “living room”-style intimate performance. Pink Martini (dec. 19): The super-fun Portland-born big band returns to Laxson with a program titled “Joy to the World” that promises to be a kickass holiday party. Kat Edmonson (March 1): Edmonson is bona fide. The title of her 2018 album, Old Fashioned Gal, gives away the fact that she’s concerned with the traditional (think Billie Holiday, Cole Porter), but put aside any notions of dusty nostalgia. She earned her chops in Texas nightclubs, and adds emotional depth to breathtaking vocal control on original pop/jazz tunes that just might become standards for future generations.

The second City (March 28): The comedy institution

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J U LY 1 1 , 2 0 1 9

Kat Edmonson

where Bill Murray, Gilda Radner, Amy Poehler and Stephen Colbert got their starts brings the next generation of comedians to town for the Laughing for All the Wrong Reasons tour. The 2019-20 Chico Performances season begins Sept. 13. Tickets for members and donors will be available July 29; general series tickets sales begin Aug. 3, and single-ticket sales start Aug. 12. Also, any renewing or new members/donors can buy presale tickets now for two shows: Notaro (Sept. 28) and/or Chapin Carpenter and Colvin (Dec. 18). Visit chicoperformances. com or call 898-6333 for more info. Ω


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4014 Augusta Ln




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1162 Sierra Vista Way




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1205 W Wind Dr





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58 Artesia Dr





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All advertising is subject to the newspaper’s Standards of Acceptance. Further, the News & Review specifically reserves the right to edit, decline or properly classify any ad. Errors will be rectified by re-publication upon notification. The N&R is not responsible for error after the first publication. The N&R assumes no financial liability for errors or omission of copy. In any event, liability shall not exceed the cost of the space occupied by such an error or omission. The advertiser and not the newspaper assumes full responsibility for the truthful content of their advertising message. *Nominal fee for

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FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as GELAYO at 1380 East Ave #136 Chico, CA 95926. MANO GELYAYO, INCORPORATED 1380 East Ave. Suite 136 Chico, CA 95973. This business is conducted by a Corporation. Signed: MICHELLE PARK, MANAGER Dated: May 21, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000642 Published: June 20,27, July 3,11, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as ELEVATED NATURAL BEAUTY at 3 Governors Lane Ste B Chico, this Legal Notice continues

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FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as CJ CONSTRUCTORS at 3029 Esplanade 5 Chico, CA 95973. CRAIG JEFFERY WENNER 13968 Pomegranate Court Chico, CA 95973. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: CRAIG JEFFERY WENNER Dated: June 7, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000710 Published: June 20,27, July 3,11, 2109

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as SUSTAINME COMPANY at 1410 Heather Circle Chico, CA 95926. JORDON LEE VERNAU 1410 Heather Circle Chico, CA 95926. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: JORDON VERNAU Dated: May 31, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000690 Published: June 20,27, July 3,11, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as STYLE BOMB, STYLE BOMB CLUB at 245 W 7th Ave Chico, CA 95926. EMILY MARIE CORONA 245 W 7th Ave Chico, CA 95926. This business is conducted by an Individual.

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FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as READING FOR LIFE at 1280 Pennisue Way Chico, CA 95926. DEVA WINONA DANIEL 1280 Pennisue Way Chico, CA 95926. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: DEVA WINONA DANIEL Dated: June 13, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000730 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as CENTURY 21 SELECT COMMERCIAL GROUP, CENTURY 21 SELECT REAL ESTATE at 1101 El Monte Avenue Chico, CA 95928. JACUZZI LYDON LTD 1101 El Monte Avenue Chico, CA 95928. This business is conducted by a Corporation. Signed: DANIEL C. JACUZZI, PRESIDENT Dated: June 18, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000739 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as HYDROTEC SOLUTIONS at 2540 Zanella Way #30 Chico, CA 95928. HYDROTEC SOLUTIONS, INC 2540 Zanella Way #30 Chico, CA 95928. This business is conducted by a Corporation. Signed: PATRICIA L. DOBRICH, CFO Dated: June 7, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000709 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as COMMUNITY CONSULTANTS at 1005 Mildred Ave. Chico, CA 95926. SHERISSE ALLEN 1005 Mildred Ave. Chico, CA 95926. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: SHERISSE ALLEN Dated: June 4, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000696 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

FICTITIUS BUSINESS NAME - STATEMENT OF ABANDONMENT The following persons have abandoned the use of the fictitious business name HYDROTEC SOLUTIONS INC at 2540 Zanella Way #30 Chico, CA 95928. HYDROTEC SOLUTIONS INCORPORATED 7 Laguna Point Road Chico, CA 95928. This business was conducted by a Corporation. Signed; GAIL NOTTINGHAM, PRESIDENT Dated: June 7, 2019 this Legal Notice continues

FBN Number: 2018-0001369 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

FICTITOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as TIME PHO BOBA at 1124 Oro Dam Blvd E Suite F Oroville, CA 95965. CHIAD IAN TERN 52 Coarse Gold Road Oroville, CA 95965. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: CHIAD TERN Dated: May 8, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000582 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as L SQUARED PRODUCTIONS at 16 Sega Dr Chico, CA 95928. LINDSEY JEAN LUNDBERG 16 Sega Dr Chico, CA 95928. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: LINDSEY LUNDBERG Dated: June 21, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000760 Published: July 3,11,18,25, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as SPEC-WEST CONCRETE SYSTEMS at 2350 Park Ave. Chico, CA 95928. BORDER CONSTRUCTION SPECIALTIES, LLC 8901 E. Pima Center Parkway Suite 205 Scottsdale, AZ 85258. This business is conducted by a Limited Liability Company. Signed: GREG VISCONTI Dated: June 10, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000717 Published: July 3,11,18,25, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as RHAPSODY RESALE at 2860 Burnap Ave Chico, CA 95973. KRISTY NALL 2860 Burnap Ave Chico, CA 95973. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: KRISTY NALL Dated: July 1, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000792 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as STEWART PROPERTY MANAGEMENT at 1924 Mangrove Avenue Chico, CA 95928. BREE L. JONES TRUSTEE OF THE STEWART 2019 FAMILY TRUST 1924 Mangrove Avenue Chico, CA 95928. RICHARD L STEWART TRUSTEE OF THE STEWART LIVING TRUST 1924 Mangrove Avenue Chico, CA 95928. This business is conducted by an Unincorporated Association. Signed: BREE JONES Dated: June 25, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000768 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

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FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as NORD AVE. MINI STORAGE at 1424 Nord Ave Chico, CA 95926. KATHLEEN PATRICIA BETTY TRUSTEE 3634 Bell Rd Chico, CA 95973. This business is conducted by a Trust. Signed: KATHLEEN BETTY Dated: June 20, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000751 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following persons are doing business as TOUCHSTONE TRUCKING at 172 Rich Gulch Road Oroville, CA 95965. CHRISTOPHER SWAIN 172 Rich Gulch Road Oroville, CA 95965. SANDRA SWAIN 172 Rich Gulch Road Oroville, CA 95965. This business is conducted by a Married Couple. Signed: SANDRA SWAIN Dated: July 1, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000793 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

FICTITIOUS BUSINESS NAME STATEMENT The following person is doing business as EVERYDAY VIETNAMESE CUISINE at 951 Nord Ave #1 Chico, CA 95926. SHUK CHING LO 1001 W. Sacramento Ave #18 Chico, CA 95926. This business is conducted by an Individual. Signed: SHUK CHING LO Dated: June 27, 2019 FBN Number: 2019-0000778 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

NOTICES CITATION TO PARENT IN THE SUPERIOR COURT OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA IN AND FOR THE COUNTY OF BUTTE THE PEOPLE OF THE STATE OF CALIFORNIA TO: MICHAEL STOFFER By order of this Court you are hereby advised that you may appear before the judge presiding in Department 9 of this court on September 4, 2019 at 1:30p.m. then and there to show cause, if any you have, why KARLY ABIGAIL ZUCKER should not be declared free from your custody and control for the purpose of freeing KARLY ABIGAIL ZUCKER for placement for adoption. The following information concerns rights and procedures that relate to this proceeding for the termination of custody and control of said minor as set forth in Family Code Sections 7800 et seq., Family Code Section 7822 and Probate Code Section 1516.5. 1. At the beginning of the proceeding the court will consider whether or not the interests of the minor child require the appointment of counsel. If the court finds that the interests of the minor do require such protection, the court will appoint counsel to represent her, whether or not she is able to afford counsel. The minor will not be present in court unless she requests or the court so orders. 2. If a parent of the minor appears without counsel and is this Legal Notice continues

unable to afford counsel, the court must appoint counsel for the parent, unless the parent knowingly and intelligently waives the right to be represented by counsel. The court will not appoint the same counsel to represent both the minor and her parent. 3. The court may appoint either the public defender or private counsel. If private counsel is appointed, he or she will receive a reasonable sum for compensation and expenses, the amount of which will be determined by the court. That amount must be paid by the real parties in interest, but not by the minor, in such proportions as the court believes to be just. If, however, the court finds that any of the real parties in interest cannot afford counsel, the amount will be paid by the county. 4. The court may continue the proceeding for not more than thirty (30) days as necessary to appoint counsel to become acquainted with the case. Attorney for Jessica and Benjamin Houchin, Petitioner: MIRIAM E. MCNALLY (SBN 233092) Attorney at Law 669 Palmetto Avenue, Suite H-I Chico, CA 95926 (530) 342-4033 Signed: KIMBERLY FLENER Dated: June 28, 2019 Case No.: 18AB00134 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: Petitioner SU HLAING CHAMM filed a petition with this court for a decree changing names as follows: Present name: SU HLAING CHAMM Proposed name: EZECAIRA AEINDRA VOZ THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted. Any person objecting to the name changes described above must file a written objection that includes the reasons for the objection at least two court days before the matter is scheduled to be heard and must appear at the hearing to show cause why the petition should not be granted. If no written objection is timely filed, the court may grant the petition without a hearing. NOTICE OF HEARING Date: July 31, 2019 Time: 9:00 AM Dept: TBA Room: TBA The address of the court is: Butte County Superior Court 1775 Concord Ave Chico, CA 95928 Signed: ROBERT A. GLUSMAN Dated: June 13, 2019 Case Number: 19CV01701 Published: June 20,27, July 3,11, 2019

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: Petitioner ELISSA TANITH GLASSER filed a petition with this court for a decree changing names as follows: Present name: ELISSA TANITH GLASSER Proposed name: ELISSA TANITH HAWK THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted. this Legal Notice continues

Any person objecting to the name changes described above must file a written objection that includes the reasons for the objection at least two court days before the matter is scheduled to be heard and must appear at the hearing to show cause why the petition should not be granted. If no written objection is timely filed, the court may grant the petition without a hearing. NOTICE OF HEARING Date: July 31, 2019 Time: 9:00 AM Dept: TBA Room: TBA The address of the court is: Butte County Superior Court 1775 Concord Ave Chico, CA 95928 Signed: TAMARA MOSBARGER Dated: June 11, 2019 Case Number: 19CV01739 Published: July 3,11,18,25, 2019

ORDER TO SHOW CAUSE FOR CHANGE OF NAME TO ALL INTERESTED PERSONS: Petitioner CRIS ALAN CUMMINGS filed a petition with this court for a decree changing names as follows: Present name: CRIS ALAN CUMMINGS Proposed name: CRIS ALAN STEWART THE COURT ORDERS that all persons interested in this matter appear before this court at the hearing indicated below to show cause, if any, why the petition for change of name should not be granted. Any person objecting to the name changes described above must file a written objection that includes the reasons for the objection at least two court days before the matter is scheduled to be heard and must appear at the hearing to show cause why the petition should not be granted. If no written objection is timely filed, the court may grant the petition without a hearing. NOTICE OF HEARING Date: August 14, 2019 Time: 9:00 AM Dept: TBA Room: The address of the court is: Butte County Superior Court 1775 Concord Ave Chico, CA 95928 Signed: TAMARA L. MOSBARGER Dated: July 2, 2019 Case Number: 19CV01796 Published: July 11,18,25, August 1, 2019

SUMMONS SUMMONS NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: JOANNA FAE SHAPIRO AKA JOANNA FAE DAUGHERTY YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: BUTTE COUNTY CREDIT BUREAU A CORP NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless you respond within 30 days. Read the information below. You have 30 CALENDAR DAYS after this summons and legal papers are served on you to file a written response at this court and have a copy served on the plaintiff. A letter or phone call will not protect you. Your written response must be in proper legal form if you want the court to hear your case. There may be a court form that you can use for your response. You can find these court forms and more information at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), this Legal Notice continues

your county library, or the courthouse nearest you. If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the court clerk for a fee waiver form. If you do not file your response on time, you may lose the case by default, and your wages, money and property may be taken without further warning from the court. There are other legal requirements. You may want to call an attorney right away. If you do not know an attorney, you may want to call an attorney referral service. If you cannot afford an attorney, you may be eligible for free legal services from a nonprofit legal services program. You can locate these nonprofit groups at the California Legal Services Web site (www.lawhelpcalifornia.org), the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. NOTE: The court has a statutory lien for waived fees and costs on any settlement or arbitration award of $10,000 or more in a civil case. The Court’s lien must be paid before the court will dismiss the case. The name and address of the court is: Superior Court of California County of Butte 1775 Concord Avenue Chico, CA 95928 LIMITED CIVIL CASE The name, address and telephone number of plaintiff’s attorney is: JOSEPH L SELBY (#249546) Law Office of Ferris & Selby 2607 Forest Avenue Ste 130 Chico, CA 95928. (530) 366-4290 Dated: July 20, 2018 Signed: KIMBERLY FLENER Case Number: 18CV02375 Published: June 20,27, July 3,11, 2019

SUMMONS NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: RICKEY LEE CARPENTER and CATRINA MISKELLA CARPENTER aka CATRINA MISKELLA doing business as RICK CARPENTER ROOFING; and DOES 1 TO 20. YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: EFFICIENT ENERGY CONCEPTS, INC. NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless you respond within 30 days. Read the information below. You have 30 CALENDAR DAYS after this summons and legal papers are served on you to file a written response at this court and have a copy served on the plaintiff. A letter or phone call will not protect you. Your written response must be in proper legal form if you want the court to hear your case. There may be a court form that you can use for your response. You can find these court forms and more information at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), your county library, or the courthouse nearest you. If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the court clerk for a fee waiver form. If you do not file your response on time, you may lose the case by default, and your wages, money and property may be taken without further warning from the court. There are other legal requirements. You may want to call an attorney right away. If you do not know an attorney, you may want to call an attorney referral service. If you cannot afford an attorney, you may be eligible for free legal services from a nonprofit legal services program. You can locate these nonprofit groups at the California Legal Services this Legal Notice continues

Web site (www.lawhelpcalifornia.org), the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. NOTE: The court has a statutory lien for waived fees and costs on any settlement or arbitration award of $10,000 or more in a civil case. The Court’s lien must be paid before the court will dismiss the case. The name and address of the court is: Superior Court of California County of Butte 1775 Concord Avenue Chico, CA 95928 The name, address and telephone number of plaintiff’s attorney is: Law Office of David J. Murray DAVID J. MURRAY, ESQ. 354 E. 5th Street Chico, CA 95928. (530) 896-1144 Dated: April 22, 2019 Signed: KIMBERLY FLENER Case Number: 19CV01244 Published: June 27, July 3,11,18, 2019

SUMMONS NOTICE TO DEFENDANT: MONICA M CHAVIRA YOU ARE BEING SUED BY PLAINTIFF: BUTTE COUNTY CREDIT BUREAU A CORP NOTICE! You have been sued. The court may decide against you without your being heard unless you respond within 30 days. Read the information below. You have 30 CALENDAR DAYS after this summons and legal papers are served on you to file a written response at this court and have a copy served on the plaintiff. A letter or phone call will not protect you. Your written response must be in proper legal form if you want the court to hear your case. There may be a court form that you can use for your response. You can find these court forms and more information at the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), your county library, or the courthouse nearest you. If you cannot pay the filing fee, ask the court clerk for a fee waiver form. If you do not file your response on time, you may lose the case by default, and your wages, money and property may be taken without further warning from the court. There are other legal requirements. You may want to call an attorney right away. If you do not know an attorney, you may want to call an attorney referral service. If you cannot afford an attorney, you may be eligible for free legal services from a nonprofit legal services program. You can locate these nonprofit groups at the California Legal Services Web site (www.lawhelpcalifornia.org), the California Courts Online Self-Help Center (www.courtinfo.ca.gov/selfhelp), or by contacting your local court or county bar association. NOTE: The court has a statutory lien for waived fees and costs on any settlement or arbitration award of $10,000 or more in a civil case. The Court’s lien must be paid before the court will dismiss the case. The name and address of the court is: Superior Court of California County of Butte 1775 Concord Avenue Chico, CA 95928 LIMITED CIVIL CASE The name, address and telephone number of plaintiff’s attorney is: this Legal Notice continues



FREE WILL ASTROLOGY For the week oF JULY 11, 2019 ARIES (March 21-April 19): You’re in the

Land of Green Magic. That’s potentially very good news, but you must also be cautious. Why? Because in the Land of Green Magic, the seeds of extraneous follies and the seeds of important necessities both grow extra fast. Unless you are a careful weeder, useless stuff will spring up and occupy too much space. So be firm in rooting out the blooms that won’t do you any good. Be aggressive in nurturing only the very best and brightest.

TAURUS (April 20-May 20): Eight

years ago, researchers in Kerala, India, went to the Padmanabhaswamy Temple and climbed down into centuries-old vaults deep beneath the main floor. They found a disorganized mess of treasure in the form of gold and precious gems. There were hundreds of chairs made from gold, baskets full of gold coins from the ancient Roman Empire and a 4-foot-high solid statue of a god, among multitudinous other valuables. I like bringing these images to your attention because I have a theory that if you keep them in your awareness, you’ll be more alert than usual to undiscovered riches in your own life and in your own psyche. I suspect you are closer than ever before to unearthing those riches.

GEMINI (May 21-June 20): Children

need to learn certain aptitudes at certain times. If they don’t, they may not be able to master those aptitudes later in life. For example, if infants don’t get the experience of being protected and cared for by adults, it will be hard for them to develop that capacity as toddlers. This is a good metaphor for a developmental phase that you are going through. In my astrological opinion, 2019 and 2020 are critical years for you to become more skilled at the arts of togetherness and collaboration; to upgrade your abilities so as to get the most out of your intimate relationships. How are you doing with this work so far?

CANCER (June 21-July 22): Vantablack

is a material made of carbon nanotubes. According to the Guinness Book of World Records, it is the darkest stuff on the planet. No black is blacker than Vantablack. It reflects a mere 0.036% of the light that shines upon it. Because of its unusual quality, it’s ideal for use in the manufacture of certain sensors, cameras and scientific instruments. Unfortunately, an artist named Anish Kapoor owns exclusive rights to use it in the art world. No other artists are allowed to incorporate Vantablack into their creations. I trust you will not follow Kapoor’s selfish example in the coming weeks. In my astrological opinion, it’s crucial that you share your prime gifts, your special skills and your unique blessings with the whole world. Do not hoard!

LEO (July 23-Aug. 22): Hi, my name is Rob

Brezsny, and I confess that I am addicted to breathing air, eating food, drinking water, indulging in sleep and getting high on organic, free-trade, slavery-free dark chocolate. I also confess that I am powerless over these addictions. Now I invite you to be inspired by my silly example and undertake a playful but serious effort to face up to your own fixations. The astrological omens suggest it’s a perfect moment to do so. What are you addicted to? What habits are you entranced by? What conditioned responses are you enslaved to? What traps have you agreed to be snared by? The time is right to identify these compulsions, then make an audacious break for freedom.

VIRGO (Aug. 23-Sept. 22): When cherries

are nearing the end of their ripening process, they are especially vulnerable. If rain falls on them during those last few weeks, they can rot or split, rendering them unmarketable. So cherry growers hire helicopter pilots to hover over their trees right after it rains, using the downdraft from the blades to dry the valuable little fruits. It may seem like overkill, but it’s the method that works best. I advise you to be on the lookout for similar protective measures during the climactic phase of your personal ripening process. Your motto should be to

bY rob brezsnY take care of your valuables by any means necessary.

LIBRA (Sept. 23-Oct. 22): Please don’t

try to relax. Don’t shy away from challenges. Don’t apologize for your holy quest or tone down your ambition or stop pushing to get better. Not now, anyway. Just the opposite, in fact. I urge you to pump up the volume on your desires. Be even bigger and bolder and braver. Take maximum advantage of the opportunities that are arising, and cash in on the benevolent conspiracies that are swirling in your vicinity. Now is one of those exceptional moments when tough competition is actually healthy for you, when the pressure to outdo your previous efforts can be tonic and inspiring.

SCORPIO (Oct. 23-Nov. 21): I can’t

decide whether to compare your imminent future to a platypus, kaleidoscope, patchwork quilt or Swiss Army knife. From what I can tell, your adventures could bring you random jumbles or melodic mélanges—or a blend of both. So I’m expecting provocative teases, pure flukes and multiple options. There’ll be crazy wisdom, alluring messes and unclassifiable opportunities. To ensure that your life is more of an intriguing riddle than a confusing maze, I suggest that you stay closely attuned to what you’re really feeling and thinking, and communicate that information with tactful precision.

SAGITTARIUS (Nov. 22-Dec. 21):

Every year, thousands of people all over the world go to hospital emergency rooms seeking relief from kidney stones. Many of the treatments are invasive and painful. But in recent years, a benign alternative has emerged. A peer-reviewed article in a scientific journal presented evidence that many patients spontaneously pass their kidney stones simply by riding on roller coasters. I doubt that you’ll have a literal problem like kidney stones in the coming weeks. But I do suspect that any psychological difficulties you encounter can be solved by embarking on thrilling adventures akin to riding on roller coasters.

CAPRICORN (Dec. 22-Jan. 19): In his

book The Histories, ancient Greek historian Herodotus told the story of a six-year war between the armies of the Medes and the Lydians in an area that today corresponds to Turkey. The conflict ended suddenly on a day when a solar eclipse occurred. Everyone on the battlefield got spooked as the light unexpectedly dimmed, and commanders sought an immediate cease to the hostilities. In the spirit of cosmic portents precipitating practical truces, I suggest you respond to the upcoming lunar eclipse on July 16-17 with overtures of peace and healing and amnesty. It’ll be a good time to reach out to any worthwhile person or group from whom you have been alienated.

AQUARIUS (Jan. 20-Feb. 18): My

astrological colleague Guru Gwen believes that right now Aquarians should get scolded and penalized unless they agree to add more rigor and discipline to their rhythms. On the other hand, my astrological colleague Maestro Madelyn feels that Aquarians need to have their backs massaged, their hands held and their problems listened to with grace and empathy. I suppose that both Gwen and Madelyn want to accomplish the same thing, which is to get you back on track. But personally, I’m more in favor of Madelyn’s approach than Gwen’s.

PISCES (Feb. 19-March 20): As a

self-taught rebel poet with few formal credentials, I may not have much credibility when I urge you to get yourself better licensed and certified and sanctioned. But according to my analysis of the astrological omens, the coming months will be a favorable time for you to make plans to get the education or training you’re lacking; to find out what it would mean to become more professional, and then become more professional; to begin pursuing the credentials that will earn you more power to fulfill your dreams.

www.RealAstrology.com for Rob Brezsny’s EXPANDED WEEKLY AUDIO HOROSCOPES and DAILY TEXT MESSAGE HOROSCOPES. The audio horoscopes are also available by phone at 1-877-873-4888. J U LY 1 1 , 2 0 1 9



JOSEPH L SELBY (#249546) Law Office of Ferris & Selby 2607 Forest Avenue Ste 130 Chico, CA 95928. (530) 366-4290 Dated: September 28, 2018 Signed: KIMBERLY FLENER Case Number: 18CV03187 Published: July 3,11,18,25, 2019



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NOTICE OF PETITION TO ADMINISTER ESTATE GERALD WAYNE FAUNCE aka GERALD FAUNCE aka JERRY FAUNCE To all heirs, beneficiaries, creditors contingent creditors, and persons who may otherwise be interested in the will or estate, or both, of: GERALD WAYNE FAUNCE aka GERALD FAUNCE aka JERRY FAUNCE A Petition for Probate has been filed by: LINDA D. FAUNCE in the Superior Court of California, County of Butte. The Petition for Probate requests that: LINDA D. FAUNCE be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administration of Estates Act. (This authority will allow the personal this Legal Notice continues

representative to take many actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consented to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person files an objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: Date: July 30, 2019 Time: 9:00 a.m. Dept: C-10 Room: Address of the court: Superior Court of California County of Butte 1775 Concord Ave. Chico, CA 95926. IF YOU OBJECT to the granting of the petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. IF YOU ARE A CREDITOR or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal representative appointed by the court within the later of either (1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative, as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or (2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and this Legal Notice continues

legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult an attorney knowledgeable in California law. YOU MAY EXAMINE the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for petitioner: RAOUL J. LECLERC P.O. Drawer 111 Oroville, CA 95965 (530) 533-5661 Case Number: 19PR00304 Published: July 11,18,25, 2019

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NOTICE OF PETITION TO ADMINISTER ESTATE ELIZABETH D. BLACKSTOCK, also known as BETSY BLACKSTOCK To all heirs, beneficiaries, creditors contingent creditors, and persons who may otherwise be interested in the will or estate, or both, of: ELIZABETH D. BLACKSTOCK, also known as BETSY BLACKSTOCK and BETSY DERN BLACKSTOCK A Petition for Probate has been filed by: ROBERT JACKSON BLACKSTOCK in the Superior Court of California, County of Butte. The Petition for Probate requests that: ROBERT JOCKSON BLACKSTOCK be appointed as personal representative to administer the estate of the decedent. The petition requests the decedent’s will and codicils, if any, be admitted to probate. The will and any codicils are available for examination in the file kept by the court. The petition requests authority to administer the estate under the Independent Administration of Estates Act. (This authority will allow the personal representative to take many actions without obtaining court approval. Before taking certain very important actions, however, the personal representative will be required to give notice to interested persons unless they have waived notice or consented to the proposed action.) The independent administration authority will be granted unless an interested person files an objection to the petition and shows good cause why the court should not grant the authority. A hearing on the petition will be held in this court as follows: Date: July 30, 2019 Time: 9:00 a.m. Dept: TBA Room: Address of the court: Superior Court of California County of Butte 1775 Concord Ave. Chico, CA 95926. IF YOU OBJECT to the granting of the petition, you should appear at the hearing and state your objections or file written objections with the court before the hearing. Your appearance may be in person or by your attorney. IF YOU ARE A CREDITOR or contingent creditor of the decedent, you must file your claim with the court and mail a copy to the personal representative appointed by the court within the later of either (1) four months from the date of first issuance of letters to a general personal representative, as defined in section 58(b) of the California Probate Code, or (2) 60 days from the date of mailing or personal delivery to you of a notice under section 9052 of the California Probate Code. Other California statutes and legal authority may affect your rights as a creditor. You may want to consult an attorney knowledgeable in California

law. YOU MAY EXAMINE the file kept by the court. If you are a person interested in the estate, you may file with the court a Request for Special Notice (form DE-154) of the filing of an inventory and appraisal of estate assets or of any petition or account as provided in Probate Code section 1250. A Request for Special Notice form is available from the court clerk. Attorney for petitioner: KELLY ALBRECHT, ESQ. 1440 Lincoln Street Oroville, CA 95965 (530) 534-9900 Dated: June 25, 2019 Case Number: 19PR00293 Published: July 3,11,18, 2019

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