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Volume 6, Issue 2

The Weekly Newspaper of Foreign Policy and International Relations Club

Barroso: Europe 'closer to resolving eurozone crisis' European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has said Europe has moved closer to solving the eurozone debt crisis, as an agreement was reached in Brussels. Addressing the European Parliament in Strasbourg, Mr Barroso said the deal showed the EU could unite in the most difficult of times. He also announced the appointment of a commissioner dedicated to the euro. Shares on European markets rose sharply on news of the deal. After marathon talks in Brussels, European leaders agreed: Banks holding Greek debt would accept a 50% loss; A mechanism to boost the eurozone's main bailout fund to about 1tn Euros (ÂŁ880bn; $1.4tn); Banks must also raise more capital to protect them against losses resulting from any future government defaults. Continues on page 2

U.N. ends mandate for NATO mission in Libya The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously Thursday to end military operations in Libya. The council adopted a resolution that rescinded its March mandate for military intervention in Libya, effectively canceling the NATO mission there as of Monday. Susan Rice, the U.S. ambassador to the United Nations, commended the NATO mission as putting Libya on a path to freedom but tempered her remarks with a word of caution. "We're very concerned that, as we move forward, that the authorities make maximum effort to swiftly form an inclusive government that incorporates all aspects of Libyan society, and in which the rights of all Libyan people are fully and thoroughly respected, regardless of their gender, their religion, their region of origin," Rice said. Continues on page 7















EUROPE Barroso: Europe 'closer to resolving eurozone crisis' European Commission President Jose Manuel Barroso has said Europe has moved closer to solving the eurozone debt crisis, as an agreement was reached in Brussels. The agreement is aimed at preventing the crisis spreading to larger eurozone economies like Italy, but the leaders said work still needed to be done. BBC business editor Robert Peston says it is perfectly clear that EU leaders have bought some time; for a few weeks and maybe longer, the markets will give them the benefit of the doubt. The framework for the new fund is to be put in place in November. It is hoped that this will help shield the banks against losses resulting from any government defaults and protect larger economies - like Italy and Spain - from the market turmoil. BBC News/ October 27, 2011

Wikileaks announced that it was temporarily stopping publication from Monday to „„aggressively fundrise‟‟ in order to stay afloat.A financial blockade by Bank of America,VISA,Master Card,

Former IRA commander eyes presidency The former commander still suffers a hostile media and a public unwilling to forgive him for past aggressions.

The Irish will be voting to elect a new president and while the job is largely symbolic, the current campaign has proved particularly controversial.Among the candidates of business people, a former academic Pay Pal and Western Union has and mid-ranking politicians is a one-time commander of the provisional destroyed 95% of Wikileaks‟ Irish Republican Army, Martin McGuinness, who is trying to further cement revenue, Julian Assange said. his role as a mainstream politician.Al-Jazeera/ October 26, 2011 CNN/ October 24, 2011

Italian MPs brawl in parliament over reforms

David Cameron will not be going to the Rio+20 Summit in Brazil next year despite his pledge to lead the With Italy at the centre of Europe’s debt crisis, the strain is starting to „„greenest ever show among its politicians who have been at each other’s throats. government‟‟.The meeting is There were extraordinary scenes regarded as a chance for in parliament where opposition leaders to put humanity on and government members came a sustainable track.But the to blows in a row over pensions. June date clashes with the The sitting was duly Queen‟s Diamond Jubilee. suspended.Tempers flared amid BBC News / October 26, demands from the Northern 2011 League, within the ruling centreright coalition, for parliamentary speaker Gianfranco Fini to resign.Because of sarcastic In UK, MPs call for tougher remarks he made on television, personal data abuse saying the wife of the Northern laws:”Courts should have League‟s leader Umberto Bossi the power to jail people who had retired at 39.Such comments are ultra-sensitive as pension reform has breach the Data Protection been at the heart of coalition in-fighting between Bossi and premier Silvio Act,” MPs on the justice Berlusconi.The pair reached a last-minute pre-summit deal. Yet it provides select commitee have said . for only a slight acceleration in raising the retirement age from 65 to BBC News / October 27, 67.Berlusconi‟s office,meanwhile,has denied he has made the secret 2011 agreement. Euronews/ October 26, 2011



US Ambassador to Syria recalled 'for his safety' The American ambassador to Syria has been summoned back to Washington after less than a year in office because of death threats from regime supporters angry at his criticism of President Basher al-Assad. As the Arab Spring moved on the country; Robert Ford achieved instant celebrity by condemning the use of violence and speaking to opposition politicians. On one occasion his car was heaped with roses when he visited the restive city of Hama as it was about to come under attack from government forces. The state department said the United States had received “credible threats against his personal safety in Syria”. It added that the threats were personal and that the embassy itself, which was attacked by a mob shortly after the visit to Hama, would remain open. Last month, Mr. Ford was personally attacked, when a crowd gathered outside the home of a dissident he was visiting and hurled eggs, tomatoes and even lumps of concrete at him. The Telegraph / October 24, 2011 Barack Obama on Friday declared an end to the Iraq war by announcing that all American troops Venezuelan President Hugo Chavez said that he won’t recognize Libya’s would be withdrawn from new government and predicted more war in the country. the country by year's end. The Guardian / October The Venezuelan leader condemned the killing of Libyan strongman Moammer Gadhafi, whom he had considered a friend. He defended Gadhafi throughout 21, 2011 the conflict and strongly criticized NATO‟s military involvement in Libya. “We don‟t recognize the government through bombs in Libya through an assassination that NATO has installed” Chavez said. He said the conflict has left be- Cristina Fernandez de hind a shattered country. The president demanded peace negotiations during Kirchner became Latin the conflict in Libya and also he denounced the rebels as terrorists. Gadhafi America's first female at one point sent Chavez a letter thanking him for his support. The President president to win a second Chavez said after Gadhafi‟s death that he would be remembered as a martyr. term when she sailed to The Associated Press/ October 26, 2011 victory in Argentina's elections. Fernandez was the decisive winner, obtaining nearly 54% of votes cast and far surpassing her closest The last of America's most powerful Cold War-era nuclear bombs - the competitor. CNN / October 25, 2011 B53 - has been dismantled in Texas.

Chavez says he won’t recognize new government in Libya

Last Cold War-era B53 nuclear bomb dismantled in Texas

It was first put into service at the height of the Cold War in 1962, re-mained in the US arsenal until 1997. The bomb was designed to hit targets deep underground, such as bunkers in which military and civilian leaders might be sheltering. Carried by B52 bombers, the "bunker busters" used five parachutes to land softly on their targets before detonating a nine megaton explosion, in effect simulating an earthquake. The head of US Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration Thomas D'Agostino said “The B53 was a weapon developed for a different world. Today, we are moving beyond the Cold War nuclear weapons complex that built it toward a 21st Century nuclear security enterprise”. BBC News/ October 25, 2011

After weeks of Occupy Wall Street movement; the police filled downtown streets with tear gas, there were more than 100 arrests and at least one life-threatening injury in Oakland, California. The New York Times/ October 25, 2011



China rejects U.S. praise China on Wednesday criticized U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta for praising Beijing's measured reaction to the latest U.S. arms sales to Taiwan, repaying his compliment by saying the deal was "unprofessional."

Past U.S. arms sales to Taiwan have prompted Beijing to temporarily cut-off ties with the U.S. military, as happened after last year's $6.4 billion arms package. China deems the self-ruled island an illegitimate breakaway from Beijing's rule that must accept eventual reunification. But last month's U.S. Announcement of a $5.85 billion arms package for Taiwan, including upgrades to F-16 A/B fighter aircraft, has been different, with China handling it in a "professional and diplomatic way," Panetta said. Chinese Defense Ministry spokesman Yang Yujun begged to differ. "Frankly, if I may borrow Mr. Panetta's words, I think the way the United States handles certain issues in Sino-U.S. relations is neither professional nor diplomatic," he told a news briefing in Beijing. He also said “An important precondition for the stable development of Sino-U.S. military relations is the respect and consideration shown toward each other's core interests and important areas of concern." Reuters/ October 26, 2011

Azerbaijan to raise Nagorny Karabakh issue in UN Security Council China is intensifying restrictions on internet use after official reports revealed that three people have been "punished for spreading false rumours" online. BBC News/ October 27, 2011

Azerbaijan plans to bring up the issue of the Nagorny Karabakh conflict settlement at the UN, following its election to the UN Security Council as a non-permanent member, Azerbaijan's Foreign Minister said on Wednesday.

Azerbaijan was elected to the U.N. Security Council for the period 20122013. Negotiations on the Nagorny Karabakh conflict settlement continue, he added, but “nobody thinks that it will be settled within a night.” Baku has previously called for the withdrawal of the Armenian armed forces from occupied Azerbaijani territories as a first step towards the settlement of the dispute. The conflict began in 1988 when the enclave of Nagorny Karabakh, which had a majority Armenian population but was surrounded by Azerbaijani territory, claimed independence from Azerbaijan. RIA Novosti/ Two Russian servicemen October 26, 2011 were killed on Tuesday at a sentry outpost near a village in the North Caucasus republic of Chechnya, a military spokesman said. RIANovosti/ October 25, Thai capital braced for 1.5m-high flood waters if barriers break, with 2011 weekend high tides adding to the pressure on relief effort.

Bangkok faces new flood threat, warns Thailand Prime Pinister

Thousands of Filipinos fled their homes as the army launched an offensive against criminal gangs in the south, authorities said Tuesday, a day after President Benigno Aquino vowed justice for soldiers killed in earlier clashes. Reuters / October 25, 2011


A flooded street in suburban Bangkok, near the Chao Phraya river. Thailand's government has declared a five-day holiday in the capital and affected provinces to help deal with the floods. Flood waters up to 1.5 metres high could sweep through the centre of Bangkok if the barriers break, the Thai prime minister has warned , amid growing fears about the weekend's high tides. The government declared a five-day holiday in Bangkok and affected provinces, and the education ministry ordered schools to close until 7 November. Financial institutions will remain open. The Guardian / October 25, 2011


U.N. ends mandate for NATO mission in Libya The United Nations Security Council voted unanimously Thursday to end military operations in Libya. In ending the mandate Thursday, the Security Council expressed concern at the proliferation of arms in Libya and said it intends to address that issue further. The resolution also expressed "grave concern about continuing reports of reprisals, arbitrary detentions, wrongful imprisonment and extrajudicial executions. Last week, U.S. Admiral James Stavridis, commander of NATO's military forces, recommended that NATO wrap up its mission in Libya by October 31. NATO ministers gave preliminary approval to that plan. But U.S. Defense Secretary Leon Panetta said this week that Libya's National Transitional Council wanted NATO to stick around until it could establish governance. However, Libyan Deputy Ambassador Ibrahim Dabbashi told the 15-member council Wednesday that the Libyan people were looking forward to ending the NATO mission. While Libyans were grateful for the international community's support, he said, such measures felt like an infringement of Libya's sovereignty. CNN / October 27, 2011

Tunisia Islamists to form new government within a month

Ilan Grapel, an AmericanIsraeli citizen who had been held in Egypt since June, charged with spying for Israel, Hamadi Jebali has been put forward by Tunisia's Islamist party as the next was released on Thursday in prime minister. Tunisia's moderate Islamist party Ennahda, has said it will exchange for 25 Egyptians held in Israeli jails. form a new government within a month. Ennahda has put forward its number two, Secretary General Hamadi Jebali, as the next prime minister. Mr Jebali, 62, is an engineer by training and a former journalist. He was a co-founder of Ennahda. Ennahda, which was banned under the former regime, said it modelled itself on the governing AKP party in Turkey, another Muslim-majority country which has remained a secular state. The polls were Tunisia's first democratic elections, and followed the fall of President Ben Ali, who was overthrown in January after mass demonstrations. He had been in power for 23 years. However, unlike its eastern neighbour Libya, Tunisia's transition from authoritarian rule has been largely peaceful. BBC News/ October 26, 2011

New York 27,2011


Gunmen have ambushed a vehicle in Kenya near the border with Somalia, killing four people, reports say. Kenya blames Somalia's militant Islamist group al-Shabab for a spate of abductions on its An Arab League team has held "frank" talks with Syrian President Bashar al- territory. Assad in a bid to mediate with the opposition, as activists said at least 19 BBC News/ October 27, 2011 people were killed in violence.

Arab League holds 'frank' talks with Assad

"The meeting with President Assad was frank and friendly and we are going to continue our talks on October 30," said Qatari Prime Minister and Foreign Minister Sheikh Hamad bin Jassem Al-Thani. Headed by Qatar, the League's current chair, the delegation comprised the foreign ministers of Algeria, Egypt, Oman and Sudan, in addition to Arab League chief Nabil al-Arabi. In a show of support for the embattled president, a huge crowd of Assad supporters rallied in Damascus yesterday. State news agency SANA said more than a million people took part. The demonstrators, waving Syrian flags and brandishing pictures of Assad, swarmed to Omayyad Square, chanting, "The people want Bashar al-Assad". AFP/ October 27, 2011

The European Parliament said Thursday that it would award the Sakharov prize for freedom to five Arab Spring activists. France24 / October 27, 2011



Deadly earthquake hits eastern Turkey Death toll could be up to 1,000 after magnitude 7.2 earthquake strikes Van province, bringing down buildings, officials say. Up to 1,000 people are feared dead in a powerful earthquake in easternTurkey, according to initial estimates.Turkey's Kandilli Observatory said the death toll could be between 500 and 1,000. At least 35 buildings are reported to have collapsed. The earthquake, with a preliminary magnitude of 7.2, struck in the Van province near the Iranian border on Sunday. The epicentre was below the village of Tabanli, near the city of Van. "The quake was strongly felt in Van and neighbouring towns and caused damage and deaths, based on initial assessments," the Turkish prime minister's office said. Ten buildings collapsed in Van and 25-30 in neighbouring Ercis, officials said. Several strong aftershocks were reported. "There are so many dead. Several buildings have collapsed. There is too much destruction," Zulfikar Arapoglu, the mayor of Ercis, told NTV television. "We need urgent aid. We need medics."Serious damage and casualties were reported in the district of Celebibag. The mayor, Veysel Keser, told NTV: "There are many people under the rubble. People are in agony, we can hear their screams for help. We need urgent help." The Guardian/ October 23 , 2011

Pope Benedict XVI has launched an appeal for support for relief efforts for eastern Turkey, which was hit by a powerful earthquake on Sunday that left at least 461 people dead and hundreds of others homeless. Today’s Zaman/ October 26, 2011 British Home Secretary Theresa May and Interior Minister İdris Naim Şahin. signed a joint declaration on migration cooperation yesterday. Speaking at the joint press conference, the British minister reaffirmed the U.K.‟s support for Turkey in its fight against the PKK. Hürriyet Daily News/ October 26, 2011

Foreign minister tells Syria not to stir up Turkey Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu has sent a stern warning to Syria’s government, telling Damascus to not even think about seeking to raise tensions in Turkey by inciting the country’s Kurdish citizens. Syria‟s embattled government should not even consider trying to incite Turkey‟s Kurds in a bid to foment tension in its northern neighbor, Foreign Minister Ahmet Davutoğlu has warned Damascus during talks on the Arab Spring in Qatar.“They should think about the past and not even think about playing such a card. Everyone will see the results of such an act,” Davutoğlu said Oct. 25 during an official visit to Doha.Davutoğlu met the Libyan National Transitional Council (NTC) Chairman Mustafa Abdul Jalil as part of his talks in Doha.Speaking about the death of former Libya leader Moammar Gadhafi, Davutoğlu said he was sorry about the violent nature of the colonel‟s end.“Even though it may be explained through social and psychological reasons, I was sorry [to see this end]. I watched for a while and then could not watch more. It is saddening that a political and biological life has ended in this way for a leader who was present for almost the entire time during and after the Cold War,” said Davutoğlu. Hürriyet Daily News/ October 26, 2011

Cyprus in new reunification talks Greek and Turkish Cypriot leaders trying to negotiate an agreement to reunify the divided Mediterranean island must overcome substantial differences during two days of talks starting on Sunday. United Nations secretary general Ban Ki-moon said after his last meeting with the two leaders in July that he expected them to reach agreement by October. But his special adviser Alexander Downer said after the leaders met last week in Nicosia that differences remained.He refused to discuss the differences, but the two sides reportedly have not agreed on key issues including what to do with private property lost during the war, territorial boundaries, details of a federal government and elections.Cyprus was split into a Greek Cypriot south and a Turkish Cypriot north in 1974 when Turkey invaded after a coup by supporters with Greece. The island joined the European Union in 2004, but only the internationally-recognised south enjoys membership benefits. Press Association/ October 29, 2011


What is this….NAM? The Non-Aligned Movement (NAM) is a group of states considering themselves not aligned formally with or against any major power bloc. As of 2011, the movement had 120 members and 17 observer countries.The organization was founded in Belgrade in 1961, and was largely the brainchild of Yugoslavia's President, Josip Broz Tito, India's first Prime Minister, Jawaharlal Nehru, Egypt's second President, Gamal Abdel Nasser, Ghana's first president Kwame Nkrumah, and Indonesia's first President, Sukarno. All five leaders were prominent advocates of a middle course for states in the Developing Worldbetween the Western and Eastern blocs in the Cold War. The phrase itself was first used to represent the doctrine by Indian diplomat and statesman V.K. Krishna Menon in 1953, at the United Nations. The purpose of the organisation as stated in the Havana Declaration of 1979 is to ensure "the national independence, sovereignty, territorial integrity and security of nonaligned countries" in their "struggle against imperialism,colonialism,neo-colonialism, racism, and all forms of foreign aggression, occupation, domination, interference or hegemony as well as against great power and bloc politics."They represent nearly two-thirds of the United Nations's members and 55% of the world population, particularly countries considered to be developing or part of the Third World.

FUNNY NEWS - Vietnamese officials banned from playing golf Vietnam's transport minister has banned his senior staff from playing golf, saying it distracts them from their work too much.

Camaltında Renkli Dünyalar (art exhibition), TC Merkez Bankası Art Gallery , Oct. 31

Birden Çok Dünyada YaĢamak (story reading – interview (about migration)), Goethe-Institut Ankara

The Rocky Horror Show (musical), Nov. 1 20:00, METU Architecture Lecture Hall

ġarkılarla YaĢamak (concert), Nov. 1, 20:00, State Museum of Painting and Sculpture

Kapadokya’dan Japonya’ya (art exhibition), Nov. 2, Turkish Japanese Foundation Cultural Centre

Figen Kahraman & BarıĢ Sıtkı Kadıoğlu (photograph exhibition), Nov. 2 , Modern Arts Centre

Van'a Kulak Ver (concert), Nov. 2, 20:00,Cermodern

Atatürk’ü Anma Konseri (concert), Nov. 3, 20:00, CSO Concert Hall

Kantoncu (musical), Nov. 3, 20:00, Cüneyt Gökçer Hall

Çakırcalı Efe (opera), Nov. 3, 20:00, Opera Hall

Deniz Koklasın Kendini Kadında (art exhibition), Nov. 4, KriĢna Art Centre

Emre Aydın (concert), Nov. 4, 22:00, Jolly Joker

Bilkent Symphony Orchestra (concert), Nov. 4, 20:00, Bilkent Concert Hall

- 'Joe the Plumber' to run for Ohio Congress seat in 2012

A man who became a political sensation after challenging  Barack Obama on his economic policy during the 2008 US presidential election campaign has announced that he will  contest a seat in Congress in 2012.

Hacettepe Üniv. - Galatasaray Medical Park (basketball match), Nov.5, 13:30, Ankara Sports Hall Hasan Kıran “Bir Kalp Bir Baskı” (art exhibition), Nov. 5, Galeri Soyut Çankaya Model (concert), Nov. 5, 22:00, Jolly Joker

- 'Slumdog millionaire' triumph

Haydi Karına KoĢ (theatre), Nov. 5, 15:00– 20:00, ġinasi Hall

A poor government clerk from eastern India has become the first person to

“SavaĢ Güç ve Ġnanç” (art exhibition), Nov. 6, Anatolian Civilizations Museum

Army of Lovers (exhibition), until Nov. 11, Cermodern

win the jackpot on the Indian version of “Who Wants To Be A Millionaire?”.


EDITORIAL METU FPIRC presents proudly the first conference of the term:

“Prof-Chat” with

Assoc. Prof. Dr. Fatih TAYFUR

Yurtdışı eğitim alternatif’tir

November 2, 14:00 Room G - 166 METU FPIRC WEEKLY SCHEDULE Monday: EUROsimA Organisation Team meeting Wednesday : EUROsimA Academic Team meeting Thursday: News Report meeting Sunday: METU MUN training





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