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IEEE Standards – Path to Digital Transformation

Lee Stogner Chair, IEEE Digital Transformation Standard April 5, 2019

The world’s largest professional association

Technical Breadth

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39 Technical Societies 6 Technical Councils

Aerospace and Electronic Systems Antennas and Propagation Biometrics Council Broadcast Technology

Circuits and Systems Communications Components, Packaging, and Manufacturing Technology Computational Intelligence Computer Consumer Electronics Control Systems Council on Electronic Design Automation

▪ Council on Superconductivity ▪ Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation

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Technical Documents

Education Electron Devices Electromagnetic Compatibility Engineering in Medicine and Biology Geoscience and Remote Sensing Industrial Electronics Industry Applications Information Theory

Instrumentation and Measurement Intelligent Transportation Systems Magnetics Microwave Theory and Techniques Nanotechnology Council Nuclear and Plasma Sciences Oceanic Engineering Photonics

Annual Conferences



Global Reach




Top-cited Periodicals

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Power Electronics Power & Energy Product Safety Engineering Professional Communications Reliability Robotics and Automation Sensors Council Signal Processing

Social Implications of Technology Solid-State Circuits Systems, Man, and Cybernetics Systems Council Technology and Engineering Management

▪ Ultrasonics, Ferroelectrics, and Frequency Control

▪ Vehicular Technology


What does the IEEE Standards Association (IEEE-SA) do? Vision: To be a world-class standards-development organization Mission: To provide a high-quality, market-relevant standardization environment, respected worldwide





IEEE standards span a broad spectrum of technologies, such as

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▪ Broadband Over Power Lines ▪ ▪ Broadcast Technology ▪ Clean Technology ▪ Cognitive Radio ▪ Design Automation Aerospace Electronics





Electromagnetic Compatibility Green Technology Ethernet/WLAN Medical Device Communications Nanotechnology Organic Components

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Portable Battery Technology Power Electronics Power & Energy Radiation/Nuclear Reliability Transportation Technology

IEEE-SA Complete Business Lifecycle Industry Connections program addresses emerging technology issues where the needs for standards and related services are at the early formation stage − a venue for member collaboration to address new technology issues The IEEE Standards Development process produces results that reflect the collective, consensus view of participants and enables industry to achieve specific objectives and solutions The IEEE Conformity Assessment Program (ICAP) facilitates the development of test suites, test programs and certification services to assess whether standards are “met�



Where does the input come from?* Hospitals & Doctors

Consumer equipment providers

Insurance companies


Healthcare Media

ICT infrastructure providers

Appliances providers

Home & Building

Facility management

Regulators Logistics companies


Public transport companies




Retail stores

Application developers Mobility/ Transportation

City authorities Manufacturing industries

Energy Manufacturing


Automation equipment providers *due to the diversity of IoT application areas only selected domains and stakeholders are shown 6


The Service / Product View


A Map of every Connected Device on Earth


IEEE IoT Standards


IEEE P2413: Motivation and Goals of P2413 P2413 - Standard for an Architectural Framework for the Internet of Things (IoT) – Promotes cross-domain interaction – Descriptions of various IoT domains, definitions of IoT domain abstractions, and identification of commonalities between different IoT domains – Quality "quadruple" that includes protection, security, privacy, and safety Motivated by the need to promote cross-domain interaction, aid system interoperability and functional compatibility, and further fuel the growth of the IoT market

Aims to provide an architecture framework which captures the commonalities across different domains and provides a basis for instantiation of concrete IoT architectures


IEEE P2413 Architecture Framework


IEEE P1451-99 - Standard for Harmonization of Internet of Things (IoT) Devices and Systems •

Define a metadata bridge to facilitate IoT protocol transport for sensors, actuators, and devices.

The standard addresses issues of security, scalability, and interoperability. This standard can provide significant cost savings and reduce complexity, and offer a data sharing approach leveraging current instrumentation and devices used in industry

The backend of such a globally scalable, secure and interoperable network would be based on the eXtensible Messaging and Presence Protocol (XMPP),

Key components and needs of a successful Smart City infrastructure will be identified and addressed. This standard does not develop Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for existing IoT or legacy protocols.


IEEE P1931.1 - Standard for an Architectural Framework for Real-time Onsite Operations Facilitation (ROOF) for the Internet of Things •

Technical and functional interoperability for IoT systems that operate and co-operate in a secure and independent manner within the context of a local environment such as home, factory, office or airport, etc.

Defines an architectural framework, protocols and Application Programming Interfaces (APIs) for providing Real-time Onsite Operations Facilitation (ROOF).

ROOF computing and networking for the data and the devices include next-hop connectivity for the devices, real-time context building and decision triggers, efficient backhaul connectivity to the cloud, and security & privacy.

Defines how an end user is able to securely provision, commission and decommission the devices.


Blockchain, an IoT Security Protocol Build trust, accelerate transactions, maintain regulatory compliance.

Track billions of devices Enable process of transactions and coordination between devices Decentralization eliminates single points of failure Cryptographic algorithms would make patient data more private The ledger is tamper-proof and cannot be altered by hackers as it does not exist in any one location Maintain a duly decentralized, trusted ledger of all transactions occurring in a network. This capability is essential to enable the many compliance and regulatory requirements


IEEE P2418 – Standard for the Framework of Blockchain Use in Internet of Things (IoT) •

Purpose of this project is to develop definitions, protocol, communication etc. for blockchain implementation within IoT architectural framework.

The standard provides a common framework for blockchain usage, implementation, and interaction with the Internet of Things (IoT). The framework addresses items such as scalability, security and privacy challenges with regards to Blockchain in IoT.

The use of blockchain technology for IoT enables decentralized, autonomous communication (peer-to-peer, consumer-tomachine, machine-to-machine) without the need for a trusted intermediary.


Sensors & IOT Wireless Technologies Enable a Wide Range of IoT Services


IEEE P2510 – Standard for Establishing Quality of Data Sensor Parameters in the Internet of Things Environment •

New Real Time Analytics need to know, not only the "data", if not also the "quality of the data that are receiving to proceed to "close O&G pipes, stop Cars, send alerts, etc".

Every day is more common to have actuators with interaction with multiples IoT autonomous systems to take decisions in real time, for example, speed, localization, temperature, and other information that should be correlated before the actuator take an action, this is critical because before to take the decisions customers could understand the total probable percentage error for this decision.

Parameters to understand the quality of the data is critical to improve the productivity in the business operation and enforce the industrial or homeland security in field operation environments.


IEEE 802 mmWave IEEE 802.11ad – The IEEE 802.11ad standard is aimed at providing data throughput speeds of up to 7 Gbps. – Technology uses the 60 GHz ISM band to achieve the levels of bandwidth needed and ensure reduced interference levels. – Using frequencies in the millimetre range IEEE 802.11ad microwave Wi-Fi has a range that is measured of a few metres - will be used for very short range (across a room) high volume data transfers such as HD video transfers.

IEEE 802.15.3 (Wireless Personal Area Networks) – millimeter-wave-based alternative physical layer (PHY): operates in the new and clear band including 57-64 GHz unlicensed band defined by FCC 47 CFR 15.255. – In addition, the millimeter-wave WPAN supports high data rate at least 1 Gbps applications such as high speed internet access, streaming content download (video on demand, home theater, etc.). – Very high data rates in excess of 2 Gbps option is provided for simultaneous time dependent applications such as real time multiple HDTV video stream


IoT Communications Standards


Trends in Healthcare Devices


IEEE Standards on IoT Healthcare

ISO/IEEE 11073 series Health Informatics - Medical / Health Device Communication Standards

IEEE 2410-2015 - IEEE Standard for Biometric Open Protocol


IEEE Standards on IoT Intelligent Transportation

ď‚ž IEEE 802.11p supports communication between vehicles and the roadside and between vehicles while operating at speeds up to a minimum of 200 km/h for communication ranges up to 1000 meter in the 5 GHz bands; specifically 5.850-5.925 GHz band within North America with the aim to enhance the mobility and safety of all forms of surface transportation, including rail and marine.

IEEE 1609 Family of Standards for Wireless Access in Vehicular Environments (WAVE) define an architecture and a complementary, standardized set of services and interfaces that collectively enable secure vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) and vehicle-toinfrastructure (V2I) wireless communications. More information available at


Smart Grid and Electric Vehicles Standards


IEEE Standards on IoT

Smart Grid and Digital Energy Management

 IEEE 1901 series on Power Line Communications  IEEE 2030 series on the smart grid, including electric vehicle infrastructure  IEEE 1547 series on handling distributed resources in electric power systems  IEEE 1815 series on electric power systems communications Find more smart grid standards and projects at


Smart Grid and Transportation Standards


Smart Building Standards


IoT / Wearables Standards


IEEE IoT Standards Focus


Ethernet, Bridging and Virtual Bridged LANs Wireless LAN, IEEE LAN/MAN Standards (popularly Wireless PAN, Wireless MAN, Wireless Coexistence, Media known as IEEE 802)

Independent Handover Services and Wireless RAN.

IEEE 1901.2™

IEEE Standard for Low-Frequency (less than 500 kHz) Narrowband Power Line Communications (Smart Grid applications)

IEEE 1903™

IEEE Standard for the Functional Architecture of Next Generation Service Overlay Networks

IEEE 1775™

IEEE Standard for Power Line Communication Equipment-Electromagnetic Compatibility (EMC) Requirements

IEEE 1905.1™

IEEE Standard for a Convergent Digital Home Network for Heterogeneous Technologies

IEEE 11073™

Address interoperability of personal health devices (PHDs)

IEEE 1451™

Family of standards for smart transducers and sensors. IEEE 1451-1-4 is based on the XMPP protocol

IEEE P1912™

Privacy and Security Architecture for Consumer Wireless Devices Working Group


IEEE IoT Standards Focus


IEEE P2302™ & Intercloud Testbed

Development of a standard for intercloud interoperability and federation

IEEE 2700™

IEEE Standard for Sensor Performance Parameter Definitions

IEEE 2030.5™

IEEE Adoption of Smart Energy Profile 2.0 Application Protocol Standard

IEEE P2040™

Family of Transportation Standards

IEEE P1451-99™

IoT Harmonization (under review to form WG)

IEEE 1931.1™

ROOF Computing: technical and functional interop for IoT systems that operate and co-operate in a secure and independent manner within the local context (Smart Cities)

IEEE P2410™

Standard for Biometric Open Protocol

IEEE P1930.1™

Recommended Practice for Software Defined Networking (SDN) based Middleware for Control and Management of Wireless Networks

To learn more, visit us at: 30


IC017-011-01: Connectivity Harmonization of the Digital Citizen


IEEE Digital Transformation Standard


IEEE Digital Transformation Standard • IEEE Standards Association just approved the development of the IEEE Digital Transformation Standard. • We have now been assigned the number P2023. • The development team will be a Entity based organization with ten voting companies / organizations / members that will form the Working Group. • Additional non voting associate members can be recruited to provide guidance and document review. • We have three to four years to do our work and become an official Standard.


Blank Sheet – Where Do We Start ?


We Gather Industry Information


Do You Want To Join The Team ?


IoT Alliances and Consortiums


IoT Alliances and Consortiums


IoT Alliances and Consortiums


Close Engagement with Industry In both Individual and Corporate Programs ▪ Influence technology development ✓ Incubate new technologies, standards and related services in a rapidly changing environment ✓ Shape the direction of technology and its market place applications ▪ Drive the development of corporate standards ✓ Gain advanced knowledge by engaging in corporate standards projects ▪ Network with global thought leaders ▪ Participate in an engaging environment of technical experts


Accelerating the IoT Network Effect Cooperation amongst global standards bodies and consortia is required to enable full IoT commercialization & innovation

Global Standards Collaboration

IEEE Standards


Challenges and Issues


Challenges and Issues


Challenges and Issues


Challenges and Issues


Summary The IEEE is very active in the development of IoT,

– Technology and IP – Standards – Publications

– Conferences – Education – People – Forums where organizations can meet, discuss and solve problems associate with IoT. The IoT represents one of the biggest opportunities for investment and growth. 47

The IEEE IoT Web Portal


For More Information The IEEE IEEE Internet of Things Initiative

IEEE Internet of Things on Linkedin 23&trk=my_groups-tile-flipgrp

IEEE Internet of Things on Flipboard IEEE Internet of Things on Twitter IEEE Standards Association


IEEE Xplore Digital Library


Thank You!


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7. Lee Stogner IEEE  

7. Lee Stogner IEEE