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Issue 1 | Volume 6 | 2018

Water: Supply to exceed demand by 17% in 2030








Coatings for Africa Preview



29 YO U R

On the Move


Together We improve the world Through our chemistry ... Our Services • Stock holding • In time delivery • Lab support Our Products • Pigments • Solvents • Monomers • Additives • Resins Industries Served • Paints • Polymerisers • Adhesives • Resins • Inks • Plastics • Rubbers Johannesburg: 011 254 3400 | Durban: 031 902 5324 Cape Town: 021 534 3140 | Port Elizabeth: 041 453 1981 | East London: 043 726 8713

Crest Chemicals Crest Chemicals is a joint venture of AECI and Brenntag and a leading distributor of chemical raw materials.

EDITORIAL EDITOR Johann Gerber Tel: 011-713-9042 Email: johann.gerber@newmediapub.co.za DEPUTY EDITOR Johann Stadler Tel: 011-877-6178 Email: johann.stadler@newmediapub.co.za


EDITORIAL INTERN Kabelo Madimabe LAYOUT & DESIGN Nazreen Bhyat Email: nazreen.bhyat@newmediapub.co.za

Issue 1 | Volume 6 | 2018

ADVERTISING ADVERTISING EXECUTIVES Natalie Sanders Tel: 082-450-2317 Email: natalies@intekom.co.za PHOTOGRAPHS

Unless previously agreed in writing, Coatings SA owns all rights to all contributions, whether image or text.



SOURCES Shutterstock, supplied images, editorial staff.

Profile: Alan Reeves


Dürr: Painting robot system meets demand for fully automated paint solutions


DISTRIBUTION & SUBSCRIPTIONS Felicity Garbers Email: felicity.garbers@newmediapub.co.za UPDATE YOUR DETAILS HERE Email: register@media24.com Web: www.diytradenews.co.za

On the Move


Coatings for Africa Preview



Feature: Disaster management: Is SA doing enough?


Technical: Developing a complete cool colour solution for the coatings industry


GENERAL MANAGER Dev Naidoo PUBLISHING MANAGER Johann Gerber Email: johann.gerber@newmediapub.co.za PRODUCTION MANAGER Angela Silver ART DIRECTOR David Kyslinger Johannesburg Office: Ground floor, Media Park, 69 Kingsway Avenue, Auckland Park, 209   2 Postal Address: PO Box 784698, Sandton, Johannesburg, 2146 Tel: +27 (0)11 877-6111 Fax: +27 (0)11 713-9024 Email: www.diytradenews.co.za

Rolfes partners with Trust Chem

20 11 Paintable sealants — for the perfect finish

PRINTING Printed and Bound by CTP Printers - Cape Town Published on behalf of Media24 by New Media Publishing (PTY) Ltd.

MANAGING DIRECTOR Aileen Lamb CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER Bridget McCarney EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR John Psillos NON EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Irna van Zyl Head Office: New Media House, 19 Bree Street, Cape Town 8001 Postal Address: PO Box 440, Green Point, Cape Town 8051 Tel: +27 (0)21 417-1111 Fax: +27 (0) 417-1112 Email: newmedia@newmediapub.co.za

While precautions have been taken to ensure the accuracy of its contents and information given to readers, neither the editor, publisher, or its agents can accept responsibility for damages or injury which may arise therefrom. All rights reserved. © DIY Trade News. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means, photocopying, electronic, mechanical or otherwise without the prior written permission of the copyright owners.

ed’s note

How strong is your bench?


et’s admit it, we all watch sports – rugby, football and cricket – team sports is part of a South African’s core. Over the past two decades team sports have become more than just the 11-15 players on the field. The bench (as we call it in rugby) and the subs in football are key players who can turn a match in your favour when these players are called upon to play. Our DIY & Industrial Trade News editor, Johann Stadler, recently tied the knot. And with him taking a couple of weeks off to spend quality time with his new life partner, he had to call on help

to assist. As the saying goes, “The show must go on!” Very quickly the team or ‘bench’ jumped in to ensure we deliver on the quality our readers and advertisers Johann Gerber expect. It also made me take stock of other areas of our operation and if we have enough strong impact players on the bench to pull us through when needed. So how strong is your bench? c


TUBALL-based products launched in SA Crest Chemicals introduces TUBALL nanotube-based concentrates onto the regional market.


hese innovative products contribute to advancing a wide range of industries, such as paints and coatings, ESD flooring, rubbers, cabling, inks and construction materials. As OCSiAl continues to expand its distributor network around the world, it is pleased to welcome its new South African partner, Crest Chemicals. A leading distributor of chemicals in South Africa, Crest Chemicals is under the joint ownership of Brenntag and AECI chemicals. The company now markets TUBALL nanotubes and TUBALL MATRIX pre-dispersed concentrates

in the southern African region, with a keen focus on South Africa, Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Zambia and Lesotho. The company will promote TUBALL-based solutions for the paints and coatings, ESD flooring, rubber, cabling, ink and construction industries. “TUBALL nanotubes reinforce high-performance materials and empower innovative technologies. We are really delighted to welcome Crest Chemicals to our dealer network – as we are moving into new markets in some of the fastest growing

economies,” says Christoph Siara, sales and marketing director of OCSiAl Europe. “Introducing OCSiAl to our product range confirms Crest’s ongoing commitment to bringing cutting edge technology, a key value at Crest, to the market in support of our existing range. In partnership, OCSiAl and Crest will be bringing technology solutions of the future to the southern African market,” concludes Alec Bouguenon, sales director, Crest Chemicals. c For more information, email michael.enotiades@ocsial.com

Bobby Bhugwandin — Kansai Plascon Technical Director Bobby Bhugwandin, chairman of SAPMA’s Technical Committee, has been promoted to the post of technical director, Kansai Plascon.


hugwandin has now completed a decade of service at Kansai Plascon. He began his career at the paint manufacturer as senior development manager: exterior coatings before his promotion in 2009 to executive level. Progressively, from 2010 to 2016, he assumed responsibility for Industrial, Wood, Protective Coatings and Auto Refinish as Plascon senior executive: development. In 2016, he left the company’s technical operations to join Kansai

4 | Coatings SA

Plascon Colourants division as GM before returning to Kansai Plascon Technical leading to his appointment this year as technical director for the company. Bobby has served as the chairman of the SAPMA Teplasconmchnical Committee from 2013 to 2015, and returned to lead the committee in 2017.

We put color into your ideas. Based on our many years of experience and extensive knowledge as an independent, globally acitve pigment specialist we provide a wide range of high quality inorganic and organic colored pigments, anticorrosisve pigments and pigment preparations. Beyond that we are specialists in providing custom solutions for specific customer requirements.

Formulating value with Heubach.

www. heu ba c hc o l o r. c o m


Massive organic pigment plant planned

Union Colours has announced plans to establish the largest organic pigment production plant in Africa in 2018.


ebajit Shome, Union Colours’ marketing director for Africa, says construction of the R200m greenfield development in Durban will commence in early 2018 and the factory will be operational towards the end of the year. “The plant, which will operate under the CZNA member company, Topwell Chemicals’ banner, will have a production capacity of 3 000 tons per year and feature state-of-the-art equipment. It will be used as springboard for exports of organic pigments to the rest of the world. In fact, as much as 90% of the projected annual output will be for the overseas market,” states Shome, adding, “Local users of organic pigments will also benefit as the lead times for supplying their needs will now be substantially reduced.”

He said the CZNA Group had chosen South Africa as its export hub because the Group had tremendous confidence not only in South Africa, but also regarded the African continent as the global epicentre for future economic growth. “South Africa has the necessary brand equity and is centrally located for world exports. CZNA has tested the local waters by acquiring an established pigment production plant in Gauteng in 2015 and we now have extensive knowledge of the South African industrial environment and legislation. The Gauteng plant required a R60m investment and it will continue production to supplement the output of the new Durban factory, which will be headed by Bo Zhu, as managing director, and myself as marketing director.

6 | Coatings SA

“The SA Paint Manufacturing Association has provided invaluable assistance and industry information that influenced our decision to invest heavily in South Africa, and the new Durban plant will fully support SAPMA’s lead-free paint campaign. The KwaZulu-Natal investment is only the start of much bigger plans. Union Colours is planning to invest a further R500m or more in South African production if operating conditions remain favourable,” Shome stated. The CZNA Group, holding company of Topwell and Union Colours, currently produces over 68 000 tons of organic pigments per year with a capacity of 100 000 tons which is expected to increase to 130 000 tons in the foreseeable future. c


Online training to retail paint staff The South African Paint Manufacturing Association (SAPMA) is now offering online training for retail sales personnel, which will culminate in paint and hardware store assistants becoming certified paint and coatings advisors. The painting of internal walls is one of 10 training modules offered to retail sales personnel by SAPMA.


eryck Spence, executive director of SAPMA, says research has shown that the sales volumes of retail outlets are directly proportional to the technical and application expertise among its sales personnel and their ability to offer professional advice to DIY consumers as well as smaller paint contractors. “Most paint retailers recognise the benefits that staff training can provide, but can be an immense logistical problem for national chains. Retailers also face loss of income while staff is away for training, as well as related travel and accommodation costs. SAPMA’s Retail Committee has therefore developed a special video online webinar training programme,” says Spence. “The online training will be open to all retailers, including non-SAPMA members, and can be downloaded from the SAPMA website. The individual retailers will purchase the use of the training video under licence for a year, affording the retailer the opportunity of training multiple staff members. After each module is viewed, the trainee must pass an online assessment of the lesson before being allowed to proceed to the next of a total of 10 modules. “Once the trainee has successfully completed the 10 modules, he or she must pass an overall assessment of the modules studied before SAPMA issues a Certificate of Competence.

The training videos acquired under licence are not transferable to other parties,” explained Spence. “The modules were formulated in collaboration with the Chemical Industries Education and Training Authority (CHIETA) and will be hosted and directed by experienced SAPMA trainer, Toni Stella, on behalf the SA Paint Industry Training Institute (SAPITI), the training arm of SAPMA. Registration for the first course is now open,” says Mandy Linossi, SAPMA’s Training Administrator, adding, “The subject matter of the course covers the use of correct painting systems, what materials and tools to be used, plus important health and safety advice.” c For more information, www.sapma.org.za TRAINING MODULES FOCUS ON: • The painting of gutters and downpipes • The painting of internal and external plastered walls • The painting of concrete roof tiles • The painting of gypsum board ceilings • The painting of window frames • The painting of palisade fencing • The painting of bathroom tiles • The painting of metal roofs • The painting of exterior walls • The varnishing and sealing of external wood

8 | Coatings SA







The polymer that creates colour Synthetic Polymers produces high-quality polymers for various myriad sectors such as decorative coatings, automotive coating, medium to heavy industrial coating and wood coating etc. Solvent based polymers are Synthetic Polymers core focus; however, our plant also has the capability of producing water-based polymers. A wide variety of resins including acrylics, aminos, saturated polyesters and the more popular alkyd resins as well as some specialist resins are produced using the strictest quality standards in our plant. Research and development take place in our state-of-the-art laboratory with the latest equipment and highly qualified polymer chemists. Convenient delivery with our twenty-metric ton bulk delivery vehicle with lead times between twenty-four and seventy-two hours.

• Long oil alkyds • Medium oil alkyds • Short oil alkyds • Short & Medium chain stopped alkyds • Urethane alkyds & Oils • Styrenated alkyds • Hydroxy functional acrylics • Thermoplastic acrylics • Specialty alkyds • Amino resins • Thermoset acrylics • Saturated oil free polyesters

010 596 4444 | sgb@syntheticpolymers.co.za | www.syntheticpolymers.co.za

Visit us at Coatings For Africa: 29 -31 May 2018 E01 - Hall 2

Phone: +27 11 084 1600 ︲ E-Mail: adminSA@chromaflo.com Chromaflo Technologies Africa 17 Crusher Road, Crown Ext. 3, Johannesburg 2095, South Africa



Paintable sealants – for the perfect finish

Painters are often frustrated that paint does not adhere to a sealed joint and the colours of joint sealants are not always the desired shade.


en Braven has a range of paintable sealants and adhesives suitable for specific applications. Den Braven’s Wet on Wet is a premier paintable sealant, because it is ready for painting immediately after application. No precious and possibly costly time is wasted waiting for the sealed joint to dry before applying paint. Acryl W is the sealant of choice for filling internal small cracks and joints, such as walls and ceiling cornices, where moderate amounts of movement may occur. All Round Sealant is ideal for use on damp surfaces to seal joints and cracks, as it is an elastic and fungal resistant sealant. Available in clear and white colours. Hybriflex-540 meets the Green Star standards set by the Green Building Council of South Africa. It is a spur hybrid technology sealant, ideal for sealing expansion joints in concrete and natural stone, among many other surfaces.

Polyflex-422 is a polyurethane sealant, renowned for its workability and durability in sealing many common building material surfaces. Woodflex is a silicone and solvent free sealant ideal for sealing and jointing of floors and woodwork. It can be sanded and painted, although it is available in six wood matching colours. Woodflex does not discolour when painted with clear varnish. PU Foam comes in a Hand-held or Gun-grade version. This expansion foam has high strength gap filling capabilities and is used for filling and sealing cavities between brickwork, ducting and insulating of pipeline mountings. It can be directly painted over or may be plastered over and then painted. The success of the paint job also depends on thorough cleaning and preparation of the surface. Always properly clean the surface before painting. Wear protective clothing and protect eyes and hands. c For more information, call 011-792-3830.

11 | Coatings SA

profile: Alan Reeves

Anything but ordinary Alan Reeves has been appointed as Chief Operating Officer (COO) of Legendary Retail Brands (LRB), one of SAPMA staunchest supporters. Coatings SA spoke to charismatic Alan Reeves, the new man at the helm of the long-standing SAPMA member company, about his colourful and varied career. CSA: You and your brother, Mark, who is also on the board of LRB, started your careers in the photographic industry. How did the radical switch from a photo business to Promac paint retail shops come about? Why the interest in coatings? AR: In the late 1990s, I went to a conference in the US where the transition to digital photography was a major talking point. I was extremely worried about this development because the success of analogue photography was based on ‘surprises’. You never knew what was going to come out on your film. I saw digital photography as a ‘disruption’ to the business of processing photos and was concerned that people would print less. So we sold Foto First to a listed company in the early 2000s. By 2005, it became evident that it had been the right decision as consumers were printing less and rather storing images on computers. Mark and I had been retired for two years and were bored out of our

minds. We decided to look at an industry that would complement our property investment business and reduce the costs of painting and refurbishments. We met a family involved in the hardware business that was eager to partner with us in a franchise. That’s how we got into the paint business.

CSA: As the head of major group such as LRB, what are your main objectives for the group — shortterm and long-term? AR: We will continue to grow our brands and footprint so that they remain top of mind for the consumer and satisfy customers’ needs. We are totally focused on giving customers our full attention. In the short term, we are tightening up our business in every area so that we remain agile and decisive. As for the long-term we have big plans, but let’s keep it a surprise for now.

CSA: How important do you regard SAPMA’s role in paint retailing – particularly the

We have moved to 67 Webb Road Jet Park telephone +27 11 3976364

12 | Coatings SA

Alan Reeves.

training of retail staff? AR: It is important to have a policing body to ensure that paint manufacturers and retailers are complying with regulations to level the playing fields and, most importantly, give consumers peace of mind that they have an organisation that is protecting them. From a training perspective, it is important that staff working with paint understand what they are doing and again ensure peace of mind for customers by offering the right advice.

CSA: After years in paint retailing, do you feel there is an urgent need for upgrading staff skills, and perhaps the mindset of retailers, both large and small? AR: There is a constant need to upskill, it never stops. I believe the old ‘apprentice’ structure should be reintroduced. This would give greater opportunity and guidance for young people entering the job market to make an informed decision on their career path. It gives them time to see what trade and skills suits them

profile: Alan Reeves now day nowevery there’s can be white ainred day theletter house

best so they can become passionate and an expert at it.

CSA: How do you feel about the lack of support for SAPMA initiatives from paint applicators? AR: SAPMA needs support from the private sector and government to be successful. SAPMA needs the power and authority to enforce compliance at every level. There are paint applicators that want to support SAPMA, but see no recourse for those applicators that are not compliant, so their motivation inevitably drops.

CSA: What qualities should the ideal franchisee possess? Do you think some people rush into it, invest lots of money, and

then fail because of grandiose expectations or perhaps because of a lack of commitment? AR: Ideal franchisees follow the initiatives and systems of the franchisor to the letter and are fully supportive of initiatives and live the brand. But as a franchisee, you must be prepared to work hard and be in your business daily, constantly expanding and working your customer base. Often franchisees think that being part of a group exempts them from this and allows them to put in less effort and time in to their business. The franchise name might be well known and its systems in place but the most important factor for success remains the relationship cultivated with your customer. c

Countdown to Africa’s biggest coatings show The biggest coatings show in Africa – Coatings for Africa 2018 will take place at the Sandton Convention Centre from May 29-31.


his major showcase of paint, coatings products and technology is being staged by the South African Paint Manufacturing Association (SAPMA) and the Oil and Colour Chemists’ Association of South Africa (OCCA). Terry Ashmore, chairman of SAPMA, says the show is the largest dedicated coatings event in Africa for raw material and service suppliers, equipment manufacturers and paint manufacturers in the coatings industry. “The origin of the show dates back to a series of technical conferences arranged by OCCA throughout South Africa, culminating in a biennial conference at Champagne Sports Centre in the Drakensberg, KwaZulu-Natal. In 2010, a cooperative agreement between OCCA and SAPMA was concluded and the show was moved to the more central location of Johannesburg under its present ‘Coatings for Africa’ title,” he stated. Ashmore says the Coatings for Africa Show 2018 will collate the components and expertise of the paint and coating industries’ manufacturing, raw material and equipment suppliers, as well as

global technology transfer experts. “This year it will be staged by vastly experienced and successful coatings show organisers, for a three-day event that will promote the latest technology for the entire continent’s environmental, manufacturing and industrial needs. The show will provide coatings industry members the opportunity of spending time exploring business requirements, establishing meaningful international networking partnerships, and meeting representatives and decision-makers from the world’s leading manufacturers and suppliers,” he explained. Coatings for Africa 2018 will have a broader interest base through the expansion of subject matter from the all-important transfer of technology to include global management challenges, with a full day being set aside for ‘Issues that keep coatings CEOs awake at night’. In addition, a series of free business presentations will be given by exhibitors in the exhibition hall. “The show will be a celebration of coatings and we are looking forward to a record attendance,” added Ashmore. c

14 | Coatings SA


Painting robot system meets demand for fully automated paint solutions Dürr now offers products for the application of paint and high-viscosity materials not only for the automotive industry but also for additional sectors.


utomated Painting Solution for General Industry: Dürr Harnesses Growth Potential in Application Technology. The target group of the industrial products area includes industries such as plastics, wagon construction, shipbuilding, glass, ceramics, wood and furniture. Spanning product categories ranging from pumps and paint supply systems to spray guns and electrostatic atomisers, each facet of the application process is well-covered. Sold either as stand-alone components or as customised and integrated solutions, each product and system has been tested and calibrated to deliver the best possible results. Flagship product offerings include the EcoPump HPE (Horizontal-Piston Electric), the EcoAUC (Atomising Unit Control), and, in collaboration with Kuka, the EcoRP 10 R1100 ‘ready2spray’ paint robot. “General industry has seen a growing need for fully automated paint application of the highest quality. The new painting robot system offers a perfect complement to Dürr’s product portfolio in the form of a compact painting robot for customers in general

industry. The new solution is a true innovation in this market segment,” says Dr Hans Schumacher, president and CEO of Dürr Systems AG. FULLY EQUIPPED PAINT ROBOT The EcoRP 10 R1100 paint robot system consists of a six-axis robot equipped with state-of-the-art paint application technology. The set is available in multiple configurations, tailored to each individual customer project. The system and all included components are completed and precommissioned at Dürr. It is thus ready for use (‘ready2spray’) on delivery, can be quickly installed on site, and ensures an efficient process resulting in a consistently high-quality paint finish. The ready2spray robot enables the application of solvent- and water-based paints, in both one and two component configurations. It can be equipped with matching dosing pumps, paint pressure regulators and colour changers, each produced and tested to comply with the highest standards. Depending on the requirements, it may be fitted with automated spray guns (air-atomising or airless) from the Dürr EcoGun range,

16 | Coatings SA

news or with an electrostatic high-speed rotating atomiser from the EcoBell atomiser family. With its compact dimensions and pre-installed application technology, the ready2spray solution is an innovation in industrial painting. Its integrated concept also includes the robot motion and application process control, housed together in a single control cabinet. Furthermore, the system is fully Industry 4.0-enabled.

DÜRR ON DISPLAY Dürr will be attending Coatings for Africa at the Sandton Convention Centre, Johannesburg from the 29-31 May. The products mentioned above and more will be on display, as well as technical sales specialists. Dürr can be visited at Stand D14. c

Equipped with ready to spray application technology. While the robot comes from Kuka, Dürr provides the paint application technology.

This innovative robot can be customised to suit customer requirements.

General industry has seen a growing need for fully automated paint application of the highest quality



to C n oa V Co t nv ing IS en s f IT tio or U Bo n C Afr S ot en ica h tr D1 e 4

USER-FRIENDLY CONTROL SYSTEM Built to function as a single, self-contained unit, the EcoAUC centralises control of the application process into a simple, userfriendly system. An intuitive interface is paired with components designed around a standardised, modular package concept geared towards quickly developing an effective configuration suited to particular client requirements. The EcoAUC is capable of controlling an electrostatic bell or a line of automatic spray-guns, with the ability to select up to 10 different colours per unit. Arriving at the customer ready2integrate, it is capable of interfacing with an existing line PLC for

quick and seamless integration into the desired application process. Service and maintenance are streamlined and simplified, with all spares ordered from a single source at minimal lead times.

ready2spray Pre-installed and ready2spray: the paintrobot EcoRP10 R1100 is fully equipped with verified, state of the art application technology. It is perfectly suited to the requirements of general industry and offers a unique combination in the market. www.durr.com

18 | Coatings SA


Rolfes partners with Trust Chem RCPI is proud to announce that it has successfully finalised negotiations with Trust Chem to become its South African distributor.


or years, Rolfes has actively sought to add quality products to its pigments range as a means of creating a fuller, more diverse offering for its customers. Recognised as the largest independent producer of organic pigments in Asia, Trust Chem is not only committed to innovation and service, but also sustainability. This collaboration is set to add even more value, while satisfying a growing demand for more environmentally aware pigments locally. Trust Chem is highly regarded in the South African market – it’s been servicing and supplying pigments on a direct indent basis through TCSA (its local office) since 2013. Its partnership with Rolfes is the culmination of an extended search for a local distributor to supply ex-stock to the local market. Rolfes Pigments, with its local network and market intelligence, was identified as the right partner to fulfil these critical activities in this sector. With Trust Chem continuing to supply direct indent, the intention is to provide South African customers with a complete service. According to Rolfes Pigments’ Commercial Director Ahmed Gani,

the two organisations are a great fit strategically. “RCPI is one of South Africa’s longest standing pigment manufacturers. We currently supply a vast range of organic and inorganic products including additives, in-plant and point-of-sale dispersions pigments, and surfactants,” explains Gani, adding, “Trust Chem is recognised around the world as a leader in the manufacture of organic pigments. Rolfes has a robust distribution network locally, with strong technical support – factors that Trust Chem considers critical for its business. This collaboration allows us to bring a full range of organic pigments to market and more specifically to the coatings, inks and plastics industries – all areas Rolfes has targeted for development.” Both companies are committed to creating innovation that has a lighter touch on the environment. This requires a combination of technical ability and chemical expertise. This is where Trust Chem’s state-of-the-art Research and Development centre and application laboratory plays a key role. More than 60 super-skilled technicians work in its 4 000m2 Central Lab, outfitted

20 | Coatings SA

with US$3m worth of cutting-edge technology and equipment. This investment pays dividends in the form of impressive quality control and testing standards, in addition to the prolific research and development, which Rolfes’ local client base will now benefit from. “By the start of 2018, Trust Chem had completed pre-registration for 250 pigments and related components. A further €3m has been invested in REACH registration for full registration of 71 pigments, and an additional €3-million budgeted for other products,” says Gani. Pigment manufacturers are under increasing pressure from multinational customers to provide consistent quality pigments worldwide. “Trust Chem has already acquired European and American approval for the majority of its products. This means most of the new range is already compliant with stringent international standards before they even enter our market,” says Gani. c For more information, call 011-874-0693.



The polymer that creates colour Synthetic Polymers produces high-quality polymers for various myriad sectors such as decorative coatings, automotive coating, medium to heavy industrial coating and wood coating etc. Solvent based polymers are Synthetic Polymers core focus; however, our plant also has the capability of producing water-based polymers. A wide variety of resins including acrylics, aminos, saturated polyesters and the more popular alkyd resins as well as some specialist resins are produced using the strictest quality standards in our plant. Research and development take place in our state-of-the-art laboratory with the latest equipment and highly qualified polymer chemists. Convenient delivery with our twenty-metric ton bulk delivery vehicle with lead times between twenty-four and seventy-two hours.

• Long oil alkyds • Medium oil alkyds • Short oil alkyds • Short & Medium chain stopped alkyds • Urethane alkyds & Oils • Styrenated alkyds • Hydroxy functional acrylics • Thermoplastic acrylics • Specialty alkyds • Amino resins • Thermoset acrylics • Saturated oil free polyesters

010 596 4444 | sgb@syntheticpolymers.co.za | www.syntheticpolymers.co.za


Onwards and upwards

Cure Chem is proud to announce that it has moved to its new premises located in Jet Park, Johannesburg.


his move, the third since 2005, has been necessitated by the growth that the company has experienced over the past 13 years. The new premises are located at 67 Webb Street, Jet Park. The new property is owned by the company and offers much larger warehousing and office space. The property also allows for future expansion. Most importantly the new building now boasts a new laboratory, giving the company complete control of its own testing. c For more information, call 011-397-6364.

22 | Coatings SA

29 – 31 May 2018 Sandton Convention Centre, South Africa

The key names in an exciting and growing market in one location

32 Industry Experts

1400+ attendees 210 Delegates

35 Countries


www.coatingsgroup.com/cfa Sponsored by:

Organised by:

Supported by:


SAPMA celebrates 80 years! The South African Paint Manufacturing Association has come a long way in the past 80 years.


rom its early development in Durban, where most paint manufacturers were located during SAPMA’s early years, the association has grown exponentially in terms of membership along with its role in promoting the interests of members and the industry in general. In harmony with the growth of the industry and the individual manufacturers during the ensuing years, SAPMA joined the migration north and its Johannesburg office was opened in 1997. In 2001, a director of SAPMA was appointed along with permanent staff. Membership at that time included 34 manufacturing members and 35 suppliers. In the ensuing years significant milestones were achieved, with the introduction of newsletters, advertising and press releases in industry journals and

the introduction of a website. The SA Paint Industry Training Institute (SAPITI), SAPMA’s training arm, developed a computerised Windows learner database and the SAPMA Paint Technology training course was accredited through Port Elizabeth Technikon (part of the Nelson Mandela Metropolitan University). SAPMA’s statistical scheme was introduced and short training courses were developed to cover the Introduction to Paint Technology, Health and Safety and Labelling, as well as Carriage of Dangerous Goods. The year 2004 heralded the first biennial OCCA/SAPMA Coatings Conference, leading to closer ties and cooperation between the Oil & Colour Chemists’ Association SA and SAPMA. In 2009, came a change in strategy regarding SAPMA’s membership categories with the amalgamation of the Manufacturing and Association

24 | Coatings SA

Members’ executive committees. This was followed by a successful promotional drive for membership, which was expanded to include a wider definition of the industry and incorporated, for the first time, the Retail and Contracting sectors of the industry. The SAPMA website was substantially upgraded in January 2010 to a fully interactive webpage offering members, non-members and consumers a myriad of information about the Coatings industry. SAPMA and OCCA entered into a cooperation agreement regarding the management and development of the coatings conference with the inaugural Coatings for Africa Conference at Gallagher Convention Centre in Midrand, followed by a second conference at Sandton Convention Centre in 2015. Many milestones have been achieved in the interim years as SAPMA developed

news lasting relationships with international paint and coatings associations, membership of International Paint and Printing Ink Council (IPPIC) and membership of the Multi-stakeholder Committee for Chemicals Management under the auspices of the South African Department of Environmental Affairs. SAPMA has played a leading role in the interpretation of the SA Agricultural Remedies Legislation by preventing the planned banning of biocides in paint and has established a professional working relationship with the Department of Agriculture. The association’s relationships with Government departments have also led to the imminent legalised removal of lead from paint and finally persuading the Government to change legislation for the total elimination of lead and lead pigments by 2019. In its role as spokesman for the industry, SAPMA has fought tirelessly to prevent the dumping of cheaper paint products and raw material onto the South African market, as well as

playing watchdog to the manipulation of import duties and tariffs, which posed a threat to South Africa’s manufacturing base. Negotiations are currently in progress to establish Compulsory Specifications for the importation of Coatings products to further protect local manufacturers and raw material suppliers. As 2018 unfolds, SAPMA now represents companies who produce close to 90% of paint manufactured in South Africa and approximately 70% of raw material suppliers, as well as a significant sector of the retail market. The association has also made progress in penetrating the contractors market. Its mandate to members to provide industry training to their staff and producing paint chemists for the future is manifested by the accreditation of the SAPMA Technical programme as a qualification, registered with the QCTO (Quality Council for Trades and Occupations) with all the ancillary training programmes accredited by

CHIETA (Chemicals Industry Education and Training Authority). SAPMA has received the mandate for its members to become a professional body during 2018 in order to extend the benefits to its members, to develop designations and certification of competency in all the facets of the product and industry mix, and to secure the future of the coatings industry. SAPMA, through its Technical Committee, is in the process of negotiating for the establishment of alternate testing laboratories dedicated to the coatings industry. The association has travelled a long and sometimes bumpy road over the past 80 years enduring major changes in technology, strategies, regulations and even governments and legislation. Proud of its pedigree, it feels there is no more fitting celebration of 80 years of endeavour than to participate with its partners, OCCA and exhibition organisers, dmg:events, in staging the 2018 Coatings for Africa Show in Johannesburg in May. c

YOU DON’T GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR. YOU GET SO MUCH MORE. UNIVERSAL ACRYLIC PVA Not only is this our most affordable PVA but combined with Low VOC’s and Low Odour it has great hiding properties as well as being touch dry in just 4 hours.

WATER BASED PLASTER PRIMER A powerful primer that’s not only resistant to alkali and water but has great hiding abilities. PROFESSIONAL TRADE LOW SHEEN ACRYLIC. Historically washability equals sheen equals big money. Now, our newly formulated cost-effective Low Sheen Acrylic PVA, totally change the game with their Low odour and Low VOC as well as being totally washable and very affordable.

These days everyone is looking for the best of everything. Best paint quality, best colours all at the best prices, exactly what our range of Medal Professional Trade paints offers.

MEDAL_Pro_Trade_148x210.indd 1

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26/02/2018 1:47 PM

578 A NEW DIMENSION ity l a Hi-performance u Q For int a P Water borne PVC acture anuf M Styrene Acrylic Ter-polymer emulsion

Because We Care! www.sancryl.co.za •

% +27 (0)31 902 1422 C H E M I C A L S Service through alliances

5379 Sancryl Chemicls Coatings SA FP March’18


A new dimension, high performance, water borne, Styrene Acrylic Ter-polymer emulsion

Suncryl 578 finds use as a versatile, general-purpose binder. For coatings where a high scrub resistance is required, Suncryl 578 outperforms traditional binders when used in high PVC paints. Suncryl 578 is designed to


manufacture medium to high


PVC paints exhibiting good



binding power and scrub



resistance. Suncryl 578 allows for enhanced durability. It also exhibits better hiding powerathan most commercially available emulsions. Polymer Advantages: • Low odour • Formaldehyde free • Allows for ease of application • Extremely shear stable • Excellent water resistance. Paint Advantages: • Improved binding power • Improved hiding power • Excellent scrub resistance.

Milky White Liquid

Brookfield Viscosity @ 25°C

1000 cps

Specific Gravity




• Suncryl 578 possesses excellent compatibility and binding capacity with a wide range of extenders and pigments. • Suncryl 578 should be used in a traditional manner in paint manufacture. The pigments and extenders should be dispersed in an alkaline medium using dispersants and wetting aids, prior to the addition of binder.

Scrub resistance of a 70% PVC paint made using Suncryl 578 verses two competitor emulsions. 12 000 10 000


8 000 6 000 4 000 2 000

Applications • Suncryl 578 is formulated


Competitor 1

Competitor 2

for interior and exterior decorative coatings. Suncryl 578 finds use as a versatile, general-purpose binder. For coatings where a high scrub resistance is required, Suncryl 578 outperforms traditional binders when used in high PVC paints.

Scrub resistance of a 70% PVC paint made using Suncryl 578 verses two competitor emulsions after 10000 cycles.

Suncryl 578


Meet the team – Synthetic Polymers

MANAGEMENT AND OFFICE STAFF (LEFT TO RIGHT): Takshay, Johanette, Chene, Sanjeev, Mukesh and Pritesh.

PLANT AND LABORATORY STAFF FRONT: Nthokozo; MIDDLE ROW (LEFT TO RIGHT): Lebo, Pinal and Savan; BACK (LEFT TO RIGHT): Mduduzi, Sfiso, Xolonai and Parth.

MAINTENANCE STAFF (LEFT TO RIGHT) FRONT: Mitchell, Vinay, Thabo and Bodhal. BACK: Babulal, Msizi, Emmanuel, Kamlesh, Banson and Linda.

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Advice from OUTsurance KIA K-SERIES


The Kia K2500 and K2700 are popular delivery choices A TRUSTED FLEET PARTNER VW offer a range of vehicles that means business




Isuzu – from pick-up to truck

on the move

Get the right cover OUTsurance has put a lot of time and effort into designing a motor product that covers businesses for as many eventualities as possible – offering commercial comprehensive motor insurance or third party cover.


UTsurance Business Insurance will cover your vehicle, including motorcycles, trailers and caravans, and its accessories and spare parts against loss or damage following an incident. In addition, if your vehicle has been damaged to such an extent that it’s considered to be ‘not driveable’, OUTsurance will assist to settle the bill for securing and taking the vehicle to the nearest repairers. Other benefits you’d qualify for include but are not limited to the following: • Roadside Assist: As a business insurance client, you automatically have access to Help@OUT – the insurer’s free roadside emergency assistance service. Remember, if you’re ever stuck on the side of the road with a flat tyre, a flat battery, or even if you’ve just run out of fuel, give OUTsurance a call – they are ready to assist.  • Loss of keys • Car hire • Medical expenses

LIABILITY INSURANCE OUTsurance provides specific motor liability cover. Motor liability: Motor liability insurance provides cover should one of your employees cause an accident while using someone else’s vehicle on behalf of the business. Further cover can also be taken in order to protect you should your employee cause an accident while moving one of your client’s vehicles, which for example blocks the entry to your business. Additional benefits are optional and cater to specific needs. One such favourite is the OUT-in-Africa benefit, targeted at travel outside South African borders, ensuring complete cover for expanding business into Africa. For more information, or a quote, call 08 600 60 000.

OUTsurance is an authorised financial services provider

30 | Coatings SA

BENEFITS OF INSURING PROPERTY THROUGH OUTSURANCE Shoplifting: This is an optional cover available from OUTsurance. This benefit covers the business for theft during normal business hours. Prevention of access: Should you be unable to access your business due to an incident within a 10km radius of your business, cover is available for loss of rent up to a specified limit. Fire extinguishing charges: Should the business have to fight or extinguish a fire, OUTsurance will assist in settling any reasonable costs.

on the move

Versatility is king


popular choice across the globe, KIA’s renowned K-Series, available in K2700 and K2500 guise, has for

the past decade proven itself as one of

the most versatile and most durable light commercial vehicles in its class. K2700 The K2700’s 1.3 ton payload capacity not only gives it a notable edge over conventional 1 ton LCVs due to the optimised cost-per-kilometre, but also unrivalled flexibility, as it’s 4.73m2 load space (2 810mm long and 1630mm wide) allows even more versatility to what can be transported, and how it’s transported. Available as a drop-side, a tipper and a chassis-cab, with single or dual wheels on the rear axle, a variety of canopies are also available for the K2700, as well as conversions to include refrigeration. But it’s not just the K2700’s low cost per kilometre that adds value to businesses; low running costs are also crucial. Powered by a 2.7-litre diesel engine, which mates to a five-speed manual transmission, the K2700 is powerful enough to haul any load without sacrificing on fuel economy or overall maintenance. Notably, K2700 operators will appreciate its comfortable and practical

Regardless the size of your fleet, versatility, durability and reliability play as important a role in the purchase decision as acquisition and maintenance cost. After all, fleet vehicles play an integral role in the quest for profitability.

interior, as KIA’s engineers have prioritised occupant comfort to help combat driver fatigue, with seats designed to provide maximum comfort and support for people of all shapes and sizes. The seats feature extra thick cushions in the seat back and bottom of the driver’s seat, while the centre seat back also folds down to provide occupants with drinks holders and a flat tray for documents. A veritable mobile office, the K2700 also features a large, 11-litre cubbyhole and ample extra stowage space in strategic areas. K2500 Also on offer is KIA’s equally renowned K2500. Similar in appearance to the K2700, but with a chic, colour-coded front bumper, the 1 ton KIA K2500 is even better suited to SMME’s who may not require the K2700’s 1.3 ton payload capacity. Powered by a 2.5-litre turbocharged common rail diesel engine and a six-speed manual transmission, the more powerful K2500 offers enviable performance and efficiency with the same versatility, practicality, reliability and durability as its K2700 sibling. With its competitive pricing, which includes an Unlimited Kilometre, 5-year warranty, a 3-year / 60 000km service

31 | Coatings SA

and three years of unlimited roadside assistance, the biggest ace up the K-Series’ sleeve is undoubtedly the peace of mind that comes standard with each KIA vehicle. c

KIA FLEET CLUB Whether you’re small business or manage a corporate fleet, the KIA Fleet Club offers comprehensive plans that allow it to tailor a solution to fit your needs, regardless the size of your fleet. Additionally, Fleet Club members benefit from purchasing volume rebates, staff fleet discounts, priority service bookings, premium roadside assistance and technical hotline assistance. For more information, visit www.kiafleet.co.za

on the move

A trusted fleet partner

Whether you are a small business or a large corporation, Volkswagen offers a range of vehicles built to meet the needs of your business.


olkswagen’s wide range of German-engineered vehicles are synonymous with durability and reliability, ready to transport bulk merchandise safely and economically. The Vivo Xpress, Caddy Panel Van, Caddy Crew Bus, Transporter Panel Van, Transporter Crew Bus and Transporter Double and Single Cabs offer something unique to meet your business demands. If you are looking for an invested fleet partner and want the best possible deal, Volkswagen’s dedicated key account managers will make sure you receive the financial and service solutions you need, including leasing and fleet management products. Because of our expertise and in-depth knowledge of the South African landscape, VW is ideally positioned to give you the best advice tailor-made for your business, and the market-leading residual values of its vehicles means your fleet will be worth more for longer. VIVO XPRESS Volkswagen has converted the first-generation Vivo hatch into a versatile transporter with a 519kg payload and a reinforced load cage. It’s ideal for jobs that require efficient transportation in and around the city. It’s a unique vehicle that could make all the difference in your operation. CADDY PANEL VAN Compact yet spacious, the Caddy Panel Van is a fully functional service vehicle with an impressive 815kg payload,

accessible through either the tailgate or its windowless roof-height sliding door on the front passenger side. It has an impressive load compartment that comes equipped with rubber flooring, cab partitioning and six to eight lashing rings. CADDY CREW BUS With a storage system made up of several compartments, the Caddy Crew Bus offers the efficiency and organisation you need in the day-to-day running of your enterprise. It comes equipped with roof shelves which extend across the full width of the vehicle and opens directly above the driver and front passenger seats. The Caddy is built with hinges, rails and handles that can manage the most laborious conditions. The tailgate is equipped with a soft touch closing system as a standard feature for effortless loading and unloading. TRANSPORTER PANEL VAN The Transporter Panel Van has what it takes to propel your business to the next level. Whether you’re running a start-up that requires flexibility on your part or an established company — it’s a vehicle built with versatility in mind. It has adjustment options which allow the driver to create the ideal seating or space arrangement should the need arise. It has durable floor surfaces which provide a slip-resistant base and is available in two wheelbases as well as three roof heights. It also offers a load compartment volume of 5.8 to 9.3m3.

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TRANSPORTER CREW BUS With seats that are easily arranged for each new job, Transporter Crew Bus gives you the option to double-fold its bench seats, completely fold all backrests forward or remove individual seats and bench seats – it’s ready for any hurdle a job might present. Volkswagen understands that you have to be able to trust your business partners, which is why it is important that you choose one that has a long history of successful and sustainable fleet solutions. It goes without saying that hardworking and reliable vehicles are a must to ensure that your business gets where it needs to be. c

Contact the Corporate Sales person at your nearest Volkswagen Dealership or explore the Fleet section at: visit: www.vw.co.za/fleet

on the move

Why buy an Isuzu? A solid combination of local engineering and customercentric aftersales support, ensures that the Isuzu brand remains intrinsic to the South African customer’s lived experiences. The brand philosophy, ‘With you for the long run’, has been established through decades of dedicated service to Isuzu customers - who have formed a partnership with the brand. GROWING STRONGER TOGETHER AS A SINGLE BRAND OPERATION While the ownership model has recently changed, Isuzu’s commitment is stronger than ever to deliver customer satisfaction in both the South African local pick-up and truck markets. Last year (2017) Isuzu Motors announced an investment into South Africa by purchasing the Struandale plant in Port Elizabeth, as well as the remaining 30% shareholding in the Isuzu Truck South Africa joint venture. The manufacturing operations in South Africa now builds Isuzu pickups and trucks, consolidated into one business known as Isuzu Motors South Africa, which became effective from January this year (2018). Isuzu Motors South Africa is a wholly owned subsidiary of Isuzu’s

first 100%-owned manufacturing and distribution organisation outside of Japan. It serves as an important base for Isuzu’s long-term growth throughout Africa.

LOCAL PRODUCTION AND ENGINEERING GROWS LEADERS OF THE PACK Globally, Isuzu vehicles are sold in over 100 countries, and 120 markets, and Isuzu has established itself as a pioneer in technological innovations of diesel engines. This innovation and international best practices have been transferred to the Port Elizabeth operations of both the truck and pickup production facilities. Extensive local testing makes the technologically advanced Isuzu vehicles resilient and conditioned to the South African roads and climate. Adhering to the highest quality and safety standards, the Isuzu brand continues to innovate with the Isuzu KB in its six generation of production. LEGENDS BORN INTO RICH MOTORING HERITAGE Isuzu Motors was founded in 1916 and has the longest history of any Japanese vehicle manufacturer. It has been in existence for more than a century. Isuzu has had a presence in

South Africa since 1964, when the first commercial vehicles entered the market. The brand’s popularity grew and resulted in the first Isuzu 1-ton pick-ups sold in the country in 1972. A legend was born in 1978 when the first Isuzu KB rolled off the production line in Port Elizabeth. Now in its sixth generation of production (with 23 models across South Africa), close to 600 000 Isuzu KBs had since been built. Meanwhile, almost 40 000 Isuzu trucks have also been manufactured in South Africa. The rich and established past of the Isuzu brand means that a partnership with Isuzu is for life: its products – whether trucks or bakkies - offer value for the customer for the duration of ownership. The relationship with Isuzu does not end the day the vehicle is driven off the sales floor – in fact, this is where the journey really begins. Whether it’s a bakkie for leisure use, or a workhorse to maximise company profits – what these products will always have in common is consistent quality and reliability. While many things have changed in South Africa since the introduction of the Isuzu brand half a century ago, one thing remains the same: You buy an Isuzu for life. c

ISUZU OWNERS ARE ENSURED OF: • Excellent service and warrantee options • 24-hour roadside assistance • extensive dealer network

Whether it’s an Isuzu KB hauling sheep in the Karoo, or an Isuzu refrigerated truck transporting fast moving goods from Cape Town to Johannesburg, the Isuzu brand has been synonymous with the South African way of life for more than five decades.

33 | Coatings SA

on the move

Freight looting a growing concern The escalating voracity of freight looting off the back of fleet vehicles, sometimes while moving – was highlighted in a recent Carte Blanche insert and has massive financial repercussions for the fleet and insurance industries.


ccording to Noah

Appalsamy of insurance brokers and risk advisors, Aon South Africa, the number of reported incidents is expected to increase. “The losses incurred from looting directly affect the bottom-line of the entire retail industry, and ultimately will impact on the consumer,” says Appalsamy.

How long is your daily commute? Twenty minutes one way and I strive to miss the traffic!

What vehicle do you drive at the moment?

AON OFFERS THE FOLLOWING RISK MANAGEMENT TIPS FOR FLEET OWNERS: • Identify and avoid travelling through high risk areas by using alternative routes where possible. Speak to your insurance broker or insurer as they will have claims data to identify problematic hotspots. • Keep information about the type of goods being transported on a ‘need to know’ basis as far as possible. • Use unbranded distribution vehicles, as branded fleet vehicles often give an indication of the type of load that’s being hauled.

stuck which makes it more difficult, buying the driver precious time.  • Make sure that each load is correctly insured and that all parties involved are clear on where the liability lies as far as cargo is concerned, whether it be the supplier, haulier or the owner.    • Use armed guards or security to accompany high-value cargo in a convoy.

• Equip your drivers with knowledge and training of how to respond if caught up in a looting situation — ensure they are in constant contact and monitored for swift response to an emergency situation.

• In some instances of looting, actual fleet vehicles are also damaged due to slashed tyres, broken containers or even accidents that may occur during an in-transit looting incident. Make sure that your commercial vehicle cover is up to scratch and consider business interruption insurance to ensure that your business can survive a worst case scenario. 

• Use closed containers or install diamond wire mesh on tarpaulins to prevent easy slashing. Looters can typically only cut a certain amount before the knife gets

• Speak to your broker or insurer to confirm whether there are any restrictions on your policy or exclusions on specific routes that are being utilised. c

Leader’s Choice

Name: Simon Smith Company: CRC Industries South Africa Position: MD

An Audi Q5 (Silver).

Why is this your vehicle of choice? I love Audi – this is my fifth Audi, and most important is the customer service I receive from Audi East Rand – it’s awesome!

If you had a choice (take money out of the equation) what vehicle would you drive? Mmm, if I won the lotto…I have too many favourites. But if forced – I would buy a Toyota Land Cruiser as a 4x4 and a Maserati GranTurismo as my dream car. Why? Just because! But really a new Audi Q7 is probably my next choice! Service – the best. Always reliable, economical and the car includes all the bells and whistles a driver could wish for.

Coatings SA speaks to Simon Smith, managing director of CRC Industries South Africa about his choice of vehicle.

34 | Coatings SA

In our next issue...

We look at

liability cover

Read about

insuring your business against theft and fire in a future edition

feature Here are

11 reasons

why this year’s Coatings for Africa will be the most successful in the show’s history!

Coatings for Africa!


he Coatings Group and dmg events are excited to announce Coatings For Africa is returning to Johannesburg in May 2018. The event, supported by the South African Paint Manufacturers Association (SAPMA) and The Oil & Colour Chemists’ Association (OCCA), connects the entire paint and coatings value chain, from raw material suppliers to end users of the finished product. This year’s event will take place from May 29-31 at the Sandton Convention Centre. With the market driven by continued construction and urbanisation, South Africa’s paints and coatings market is expected to grow a cumulative 40% to R9.77bn (US$823m) between 2016 and 2021 – showing the excitement and growth potential for the market. As with previous Coatings For Africa events, the Conference will explore the heart of the industry with detailed discussions from local and international experts. Day one of the Conference is titled: “What keeps CEOs awake at night?” This will help delegates discover the key issues keeping heads of industry awake: From addressing critical skills shortages in the sector to a panel discussion on securing capital to grow, innovate and much more. Day two and three of the conference will focus on the technical side of the industry and topics will include: Recent developments from Union Colours Limited, Elcometer and Chromaflo South Africa to name just a few. As well as the Conference there will also be Business Presentations over the first two days of the show. “Africa is one of the most exciting and rapidly developing continents on earth,” said Ian Faux, vice president – Coatings

Group, adding, “As well as supporting the local markets, we are confident that our international client base, familiar with our events in Asia and the Middle East, will be keen to move with us into this new territory and take advantage of the fabulous opportunities available here.” For more information about visiting or exhibiting at Coatings for Africa, please visit www.coatings-group.com/cfa AFRICAN COLOUR SYSTEMS Chris Gosling of African Colour Systems will be exhibiting the following spectrophotometers and software along with iQC software for quality control and iMatch for formulation: • RM200QC – Low cost portable • Ci62 – Portable Sphere based Spectrophotometer • MetaVue 45/0 degree – Non Contact Spectrophotometer BAMR BAMR will be building on its excellent show from 2015, adding a couple of tweaks. The following will be on display: • Ral colour chart K5 • Fineness of grind gauge 0-100um (2 grooves) • Sclerometer hardness tester (3 ranges) • Infrared digital thermometer with laser pointer • Stand with bubble level for cup • Elcometer Fitz’s atlas • Casting knife applicator 150mm, 5.90” wide – metric • Bird film applicator 50, 100, 150, 200um 50mm wide

36 | Coatings SA

• Baker applicator 30-60-90-120um 25mm wide • 250mm wide spiral bar coater, 4um, 0.157mils • Picnometer 100cc (stainless steel) • Zahn viscosity cup no 1 5-60cst • Ford ASTM viscosity cup no 1 • Abrasion and wash ability tester, 2-station • Motorised film applicator with standard table, 110-240V • Film applicator and spiral bar coater attachment combined • 140mm wide spiral bar coater, 4um, 0.157mils • Tool no 1: din 53778 brush and holder • Tool no 3: sponge holder astm D 4213-92/4828 • Tool no 6: iso11998 – 5 abrasive pad and holder • Tool no 7: polyvalent holder with fastening screw • Demo baker applicator 30-60-90120um, 25mm wide • Iq20/60/85 • Moisture meter • Hygro-thermometer • Infrared meter • Laser distance meter BAMR will also be running video clips of its instruments in operation. CONTAN Contan will showcase its broad range of plastic buckets, specially developed for the coatings industry. The company will present its extensive range of 1l and 5l PolyCans, and its popular PolyPails, available for paint and coatings in sizes ranging from 1l to 20l, with outstanding quality decoration at an economical price through in-mould labelling (IML). Designs with photo quality images and


Visit us at Coatings For Africa: 29 -31 May 2018 E01 - Hall 2


Finding the right colorant for your application is all in the details. By combining the art and science of color with leading technical expertise, Chromaflo Technologies delivers innovative colorant solutions to solve the most complex color, appearance and performance challenges for customers worldwide. Finding the right colorant for your application is all in the details. By combining the art and science of color with leading technical expertise, Chromaflo Technologies delivers innovative colorant solutions to solve the most complex color, appearance and performance challenges for customers worldwide. Phone: +27 11ART 084 1600 WHERE MEETS TECHNOLOGY E-Mail: adminSA@chromaflo.com


Chromaflo Technologies Africa www.CHROmAfLO.COm ART MEETS 17WHERE Crusher Road, 3 TECHNOLOGY CONTACT US TOCrown SOLVEExt. YOUR COLORANT CHALLENGE Johannesburg 2095 1.800.776.3329 South Africa



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feature matt, metallic or even textured finishes are all possible; as well as offset print in six colours. Contan also produces buckets made from recycled plastic. Karl Lambrecht, chief executive for Contan says, “We are confident that our diverse range of lightweight, robust plastic paint containers brings manufacturers savings and reduces their carbon footprint. Contan is a sustainable supplier partner that assumes responsibility for the end life of our packaging through active participation with POLYCO.” “We look forward to meeting with visitors at Coatings For Africa stand H17, to explore how Contan can add value to your business in an innovative and sustainable manner,” Lambrecht concludes. CREST CHEMICALS Crest Chemicals is excited to be part of the ‘Coatings for Africa’ 2018 Expo. The company is proud to be one of South Africa’s leading chemical distributors, supplying a wide range of pigments, solvents, additives, polymers, monomers, defoamer’s, polyurethanes, surfactants and much more direct to the paint manufacturing industries. Crest Chemicals is in partnership with Eastman, a global advanced materials and speciality additive company that produces a broad range of products found in items people use every day. In line with its innovation strategy, the company has partnered with OCSiAl and have launched the TUBALL nanotube-based and TUBALL MATRIX pre-dispersed concentrates to the regional market. OCSiAL and Eastman will deliver beneficial presentations at this event. For more information please feel free to visit our stand - H05 (near the food court). CURE CHEM Cure Chem is proud to be exhibiting at the Coatings for Africa show. They have an impressive 36m2 stand and will be co-exhibiting with two of the company’s key principals – Delta Specialities from Egypt and Runtai Chemical Company from the Jiangyan Economic Zone in China. Both Delta and Runtai are bringing their technical experts to the exhibition to answer all questions from delegates. Delta Specialties will be showcasing its

driers, defoamers, dispersing agents and other specialty paint additives. Runtai – the 100 000 ton capacity company – will also be showcasing Runtai C12. Cure Chem is also proud to invite customers to its new premises at 67 Webb Street Jet Park on Friday, 01 June to experience an opportunity to participate in a training session with the two technical teams followed by lunch. Ensure you visit us at stand G07 (opposite the food quarter) for an educational experience not to be missed. DELTA COLOURS Not just another sheep – is the theme of the Delta Colours stand at the Coatings for Africa show 2018. Be sure to visit its stand and get to meet some of the company’s Fluorescent and Buff Titanium principals. One lucky visitor to Delta Colours’ stand will win a box of Karoo lamb, which will be delivered to their address. Do not miss the opportunity to meet with the business’ highly skilled staff and to get all your answers to any pigment related questions you may have. Visit stand J10 for more information. FERRO SOUTH AFRICA Ferro South Africa is a South African based company, which defines itself as ‘a technology enhanced performance materials company’. The Ferro Group has nine specialist divisions, all market leaders in their respective industries with strong affiliations to International partners. The various operating entities that form the Ferro organisations are: Vedoc Powder Coatings, Porcelain Enamels, Glass Colours and Pastes, Plastic Masterbatches and Polymer Additives, NCS Resins, Spectrum Ceramics, Coatings Resins, Dispersions and Arkem. Coating Resins, Dispersions, Arkem and Vedoc will be exhibiting at Coatings for Africa 2018 providing value adding information on product offerings such as additives, dispersions, powder coatings, resins and technical services. All divisions have effective distribution channels in southern Africa with reach expanding to East and West Africa. Be

38 | Coatings SA

sure to visit them at Coatings for Africa stand F07. KEENEYES INTERNATIONAL Keeneyes International is a reputable Taiwanese chemical trading company with 40 years’ experience. The company is headquartered in Taipei with multiple offices throughout China and a network of associates around the world. It is known for providing first class services to its customers established on its core business value of service excellence as well as offering the best quality products with reasonable and stable prices. The company supplies raw materials for: • Polymer (resin, adhesive and plastic) • Plastic additives (high performance antioxidant, UV absorber, anti-static agent and modifier) • Coating additives (paint and ink) • Special intermediates for pharmaceutical, pigment, dyes • Specialty fine chemicals Visitors to the show can get all technical questions answered by the company’s expert from Taiwan – Jimmy Lu, and our local expert, Rex Hsu. Keeneyes International will be located Hall 2 stand E27. LEJN At stand C09 Lejn is excited to be demonstrating new automatic dispensers from Fast & Fluid Management at this event. This year the company will have two new machines on show – the X-ProTint and the Next Generation HA480. These machines have been fitted with the latest technology to allow the already accurate and reliable FFM machines to dispenser even faster than in the past. Lejn will also have on offer: • A range of laboratory and paint testing equipment • A variety of charts from Leneta • The latest from LargoInnova with its colour software • A range of spectrophotometrs and colour readers from X-Rite.



80th Anniversary SAPMA members are invited to attend the Annual General Meeting and 80th Anniversary celebration with guest speaker Mr Tom Bowtell CEO of the British Coatings Federation On 28 May 2018 Sandton Convention Centre at 14:30 followed by a celebration cocktail function - Gratis Dress: Smart casual R.S.V.P sapma@sapma.org.za by 14 May 2018 or earlier

feature SANCRYL CHEMICALS Sancryl Chemicals is a privately owned manufacturer of polymers and speciality industrial chemicals based in Durban, South Africa with sales offices and added warehouses in the major centres of Gauteng and Western Cape. The company supplies its products mainly to the southern African region with strong local demand. Sancryl products are mainly targeted at the paints and coatings industry, while maintaining its market involvement in the water treatment, detergent, mining and related industries. The company manufactures a range of acrylic binders, speciality binders, dispersants, defoamers, deflocculants, antiscalants, sequestrants, biocides and other specialty surfactants and additives. Its customer philosophy is strongly based on nurturing long term one-on-one relationships, and working in joint collaboration on new technical

developments. Sancryl offers its Sancryl Customer Technology and Care Centre to all its customers. Sancryl Management System conforms to ISO 9001 and ISO 14001. It provides the guideline to its structural framework of policies, procedures, measures, and processes, its product quality, its ethical code of conduct, its risk minimisation, and its sustainable value creation. Further, as part of its sustainability initiatives conforms to cleaner manufacturing and the company has embarked on a number of projects to reduce the usage of both municipal water and electricity, and have instituted controls to reduce air emissions and effluent disposal. Visit Sancryl Chemicals at stand J22. SYNTHETIC POLYMERS Synthetic Polymers will be showcasing its latest industry offerings at the Coatings for Africa 2018. The business can’t wait to engage with visitors at its

stand H03, for a sneak preview into its constantly increasing product range and future projects. The company aims to establish itself as the one stop for the majority of the polymers used in various coating applications including offerings from basic alkyds to acrylics, aminos, polyesters, polyamides and many more. Key focus on industrial coatings will be on saturated polyesters for coil and can, and on decorative coatings for more environmentally friendly and greener alkyds. Synthetic Polymers has entered into a technology agreement with a renowned European Company to develop and produce locally produced new and innovative products both for the decorative and industrial markets. Manufacturing is its inherent strength and the company is always upgrading plant and equipment to ensure efficient and safe operations on various product processes. c

Quality Control Instrumentation www.bamr.co.za Tel : 021 683 2100 Email : sales@bamr.co.za Elcometer 456 Coating Thickness Gauge • Scan probe for measuring large areas quickly • Fastest gauge on market - >140 readings per min • Bluetooth / USB output to ElcoMaster software • Accuracy ±1%, Repeatability, Range: up to 25mm • Full, menu driven, graphics display - easy to use • Integral & Separate probe options available • Complies with ISO & other international Stds • Accuracy : +/-1% Range : up to 25 mm

Elcometer 480 Gloss Meter

Elcometer 224 Digital Surface Profile Gauges • Accurate, immediate and repeatable results • Separate probes measure on pipes and tanks • Fast reading rate of 60+ readings per minute • Range : 0 to 500 microns. Accuracy ±5% • Menu Driven for easy operation • Cost per test is significantly lower than other test methods such as Testex Tape • Readings can be downloaded to ElcoMaster software for easy generation of reports

Moisture Meters

Elcometer 319 Dewpoint Meter with Bluetooth • Temp, RH, Delta T, Surface Temp – all in one unit with Bluetooth capabilities • Single handed operation, Easy menu-driven user interface • Conforms to and exceeds ISO 8502-4 • Precise accurate measurement • Create reports using ElcoMaster™ Software • Hand held gauge or as a stand-alone data logger • Accuracy : ±0.5°C. Resolution : 0.1°C

• Gloss, Haze, % Reflectance in one unit • Up to 3 times faster than any other hand-held glossmeter in Std Mode – 10x in Scan Mode • Provides real time, accurate gloss values over the entire surface area • Traceable to BAM standards- the gauge automatically calibrates & stores the calibration values and tile serial number into memory – for complete traceability • Pin Type, Non-destructive or Dual, Analog / Digital • Low Cost Units to Moisture Measurement Systems with download facilities to computer • Popular for : Building Materials including Concrete and Screeds, Wood, Paper, Grain & Crops • Used by Plascon, Dulux & industry leaders

Elcometer 510 Automatic Adhesion Test • Automatic, Easy to use, fully portable dolly pull off tester • Smooth load application up to 100 MPa • Rugged & lightweight - ideal for frequent testing • Measures on small, curved and flat surfaces • Compatible with ISO4624 & other Standards • Store 60,000 readings with individual pull graphs in 2,500 alpha numerical batches • USB, Bluetooth output to free ElcoMaster

Also available are meters to test Anemometer, Angles (360 deg), Distance, Hardness, Inspectors’ Accessories, Internal Illuminated Viewing, Moisture, NDT, Paint Testing Equipment, Pinhole / Porosity Detection, Rebar / Metal Locators, Surface Profiles / Preparation / Cleanliness, Ultrasonic Material Wall Thickness, Vibration

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Disaster management is SA doing enough? South Africa has been in the grip of drought for many years and with water scarcity becoming more and more serious the future looks bleak. Industry needs to implement drastic measures now – or the key component to industry – water – will not be available.

THE FUTURE OF WATER Water directly affects South Africa’s socioeconomic development, but it is becoming an increasingly scarce resource. Based on current usage trends, the country is expected to face a water deficit of 17% by 2030. This shortage will only worsen with climate change. Because water is a shared resource, we are all at risk, and as such it is important to understand our impact on water usage and incorporate water management fervently into our daily lives. South Africa is approaching physical water scarcity by 2025 and its socioeconomic development has been directly hampered by the recent drought. The drought has taken its toll on the agricultural sector, widening the trade deficit due to losses in maize exports. As a result, in the fourth quarter of 2015, the agriculture sector lost 37 000 jobs, which pushed an additional 50 000 people below the poverty line and accelerated consumer inflation driven by rising food prices. This in turn shaved off 0.2% from the country’s economic growth in 2015. The looming water scarcity in the country poses several risks for food and energy security. It remains unknown exactly what the future demand for water will be, or what the full consequences of water shortages will be. The country has enjoyed 16 years of plenty and made few preparations for the inevitable droughts that are sub-Saharan Africa’s dominant climate risk. What is certain is that the overconsumption of water, pollution, poor management and inadequate pricing of the resource results in massive loss of ecosystem benefits that sustain life and well-being.

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TO THE HIGHEST LEVEL X-Rite Pantone: Your global resource for all your color communication throughout the supply chain from inspiration to production.

Visual Products: Color standards ensure product consistency and quality. A reliable color measurement system provides critical benchmarks that enable your entire supply chain to monitor product color for maximum reliability and effectiveness. Software Solutions: We offer a full range of software and services to increase the value and utility of your instrument investments. Color Services: Our goal is to provide the very best color training and services customized exactly to your needs from a time, content and budget perspective.

Contact us today for more information at www.africancoloursystems.co.za Chris Gosling

+27 (0) 824915507




X-Rite is either a registered trademark or trademark of X-Rite, Incorporated in the United States and/or other countries. PANTONE and other Pantone trademarks are either registered trademarks or trademarks of Pantone LLC in the United States and/or other countries. Pantone is a wholly owned subsidiary of X-Rite, Incorporated. Š X-Rite, Inc. 2016. All rights reserved. L10A-075 (02/16)

feature KEY WATER FACTS • 8% of SA’s land area provides 50% of our run-off water • 2016 was the hottest year globally with Pretoria peaking at 43˚C • SA has an average rainfall of 490mm (world average is 814mm) our evaporation rate is 1 800mm • 37% of water is lost in the current urban infrastructure Water demand in South Africa has witnessed a steep increase, with three major sectors driving the demand. The agriculture sector is the highest, at around 63%, followed by the municipal and industrial sectors at 26% and 11% respectively. This demand is expected to grow at around 1% annually. In 2030 water demand will exceed supply by 17%. The industrial sector uses 11% of the water supply with the manufacturing sector the largest consumer at around 53%. This is expected to increase to 70% in 2030. The following industrial sectors are the largest users: Manufacturing applications: • Processing of minerals and crops • Textile, chemical refinement • Component and auto supplies • Mining and power applications • Extraction, refining and cooling • Key drivers for water supply and demand The weakening rand: Creates demand for water-intensive exports Population growth: Higher demand for

water, electricity and consumer products Price of water: Higher water tariffs curb water wastage and promote water reuse Water governance: Legislation enforces reduced water consumption and pollution Impact on water: • Industrial spillages and acid drainage degrades water quality • Warm water discharge disrupts surrounding biodiversity • Large industrial disasters pollute entire water basins COLLECTIVE ACTION Water risk manifests the entire value chain. For companies, having assurance of enough water, at the right quality, time and cost is vital for plant operations. Since water flows from catchment areas to the ocean, all stakeholders in a river basin are mutually dependent. Hence, collective action plays a vital role to secure the future of water for all stakeholders. WWF has been promoting water stewardship, which is not only about efficient use of water, but also about how the private sector strengthens good governance in collaboration with governments, NGOs and communities to protect this valuable shared resource. It requires acting together towards a common goal. Collective action requires not only an understanding of water supply and demand but also creative thinking by various stakeholders about what the future might hold and what can we do to shape it. For this reason, the WWF developed widely varying scenarios for the future of

water in South Africa and explored ways that the country can prepare. SCENARIO – DOWN THE DRAIN In this scenario the WWF considers South Africa with enough water, but our political instability and indebted government have taken its toll on the country’s infrastructure. As a result our economy is struggling due to water leakages and poor infrastructure. Implications: Rising frequency of production defects due to poor quality water. Higher costs to treat increased volumes of dirty water due to deprioritised governance. Opportunities: Improve self-regulation around water reuse and wastewater management. Reduce costs of water treatment through inclusive planning and industry collaboration. ILLIQUID ASSETS Imagine a world where South Africa’s socioeconomic state is progressing and experiencing high economic growth, yet clean water is increasingly scarce. The country has adopted business-friendly policies and is more welcoming to big multinational corporations. While this has resulted in an increase in productivity, it has negatively impacted the availability of clean water. Implications: Rising pressure from environmental enterprises on polluters to act responsibly. Excessive treatment costs for companies that require high volumes and quality of clean-water. Opportunities: Invest in reverse-osmosis process treatment and use water as ‘fit for purpose’. Implement grey water reuse and a zero-liquid discharge strategy. Circulareconomy collaboration in the private sector leading to high levels of re-use. CRY ME A RIVER South Africa is in a severe drought and the already poor socioeconomic status of the country is unable to cope with the destructive water crisis. Agriculture and mining are contracting, causing a rise in unemployment. Further, despite political stability the country is suffering the consequences of the prolonged lack of investment in infrastructure and development. Climate change has shifted rainfall patterns with widespread drought

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26 2015

You have the ideas


pigment preparations and dyes, used in applications such as Automotive Coatings, Decorative Coatings and Industrial Coatings. We make modern paints and coatings not only safer, but also significantly more colourful and long-lasting. WWW.CLARIANT.COM


causing devastation. The country is in a desperate state of economic and physical water scarcity. Implications: The rise of monopolies due to large company contracts with government to secure water. Severe financial losses for water-intensive players due to unpredictable water cuts. Opportunities: Invest in new technologies in wastewater treatment and water demand management. Advance and grow new sectors in desalination and groundwater pumping. Circular-economy collaboration in the private sector leading to high levels of re-use. WHAT BUSINESS CAN DO TO ADDRESS WATER RISK Recasting business strategy to include a nexus approach will make it possible to manage the link between water, energy and food at a national level and this will increase the resilience of the South African economy. There are numerous opportunities in which business can take the lead, starting with operations, moving into the supply chain and landscape, and ultimately transcending national boundaries to participate in global collaborative forums. Implement operational efficiency, but go beyond mere ‘good housekeeping’ as the greatest opportunity to reduce water inefficiencies and waste. Efficiency must also be purpose-designed to address the areas of greatest impact: the production and consumption stages of a given value chain.

Address supply-side management by assessing risk and the potential to improve efficiency and reduce waste in the supply chain. Understand where water risk lies and what the appropriate mitigation actions are by assessing farms and facilities. Address demand-side management through better merchandising and consumer messaging about reduced waste. Collaborate at a local level, particularly where there is shared risk in a catchment area to improve water management and reduce risk. Water stewardship offers a clear process for private-sector players to move beyond the farm fence and engage in catchment management. Form joint collaborative and water stewardship partnerships with catchment neighbours and local agencies (e.g. Catchment Management Agencies, Water User Authorities) to enable coordinated action to address shared risks. SA’S ENERGY CRISIS The Paris Agreement (COP21) was a call to action for all countries. Governments will be required to submit updated climate action plans over a five-year cycle. Countries representing close to 90% of global emissions have submitted their action plans. Furthermore, the Agreement commits countries to limit the global average temperature to 1.5˚C. This Agreement further strengthens the WHO’s first definition of sustainable manufacturing coined back in 1987: Sustainable manufacturing will see today’s producers implement and develop manufacturing methods for our current

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needs, without destroying the next generation’s world.” The Far East accounts for at least half of the world’s largest manufacturing countries. These include China, Taiwan, South Korea, Singapore and Japan. And it is widely predicted that India will over the next five years solidify its position as one of the globe’s top manufacturing centres. China has taken a firm stance on carbon emissions. The country has reportedly shut down an estimated 40% of its manufacturers not adhering to the country’s new environmental legislation. China’s nationwide carbon emission trading system, launched last year, marks an important step toward promoting a low carbon transition in the world’s leading emitter of CO2, according to WWF. Sze Ping LO, CEO of WWF-China, says the emissions trading system (ETS) could provide new impetus for China’s low carbon development and the country’s transition toward a low carbon economy by helping align its potential with commitments under the Paris Agreement. “The ETS should be consistent with China’s climate plan targets, and contribute to the implementation of Paris Agreement. An allowance allocation approach should make a gradual shift from free to auction, leading to more climate actions and greater investment in clean technologies,” he said. According to China’s Future Generation 2.0 report in 2015, around 84% of China’s electricity generation can be met by renewable sources by mid-century if appropriate policies are put in place. “An energy transition to renewables is economically feasible in the Chinese power sector. We hope the national carbon market meets its potential and provides a new and powerful push toward energy efficiency improvement and renewable development in power sector,” Sze Ping added. WWF is working towards helping accelerate the energy transition in China through policy research, pilot practice and international cooperation. Turning our attention to South Africa, our country is responsible for 50% of the entire African continent’s air pollution. The uneven distribution of natural resources and the location of economic development nodes in South Africa amplify the management constraints and

feature inequality of access to these resources. A clear example is the fact that South Africa’s coal deposits coincide with the country’s best agricultural land and sources of some of the major inland rivers. The spatial complexity adds to the task of effective management of food, energy and water resources, making it the foremost challenge for sustainable development in South Africa. SPATIAL DEVELOPMENT The South African economy has historically been built on mining, benefitting greatly from its rich deposits of platinum, gold, diamonds and coal. The mining industry also provided a platform for the growth of the manufacturing, trade and financial sectors. Due to its wealth of mineral resources, Gauteng has come to be the centre of the economic development and output. Gauteng accounts for as much as 33% of the country’s GDP and 49.6% of all employee remuneration in the country. It is also home to just over a fifth of the country’s population. However, a review of the country’s resources shows that the availability of basic resources in the province itself is rather poor. Gauteng has little of its own bulk water resources and imports 88% of its water from a series of complex transfer schemes, accessing water from the Thukela, Usutu, Komati and Orange Rivers. This intricate web of bulk water infrastructure comes at a price. Water prices in the province have increased exponentially over the last few years. Raw

water costs alone account for 53% of the water utility’s input costs. Moreover, the province is located on a watershed, which means that out flows of wastewater pollute the water resources on which it depends. Gauteng is a significant consumer of electricity; it is responsible for about a third of the country’s energy consumption. Its electricity needs are fulfilled predominantly by Eskom’s coalfired power stations in Mpumalanga. Clearly, economic and spatial planning in the context of unevenly distributed and variable resources can be an essential element for managing the impacts of the nexus. Sources: GPG. 2005. A Growth & Development Strategy (GDS) For the Gauteng Province. Gauteng Provincial Government (GPG), Johannesburg. DoA. 2006. The Status of Agro-Logistics in South Africa. Department of Agriculture (DoA), Pretoria. WRC. January/ February 2006. Gauteng: Save water or pay the price. Water Wheel 5(1): pp 10–13. Water Research Commission (WRC), Pretoria.

Ultimately, the challenges posed by resource constraints point towards a coming crisis in the provision of clean water, electricity and nutritious food, which are at the heart of national security and welfare. It is important that we respond correctly to ward off this crisis. This response must be at a scale that allows for national and regional integration. It must focus on the effective management of resources, enabled by wider technology use and greater governance underpinned by an integrated approach to policy, planning, management, development and the appropriate institutional capacity.

BIOFUELS – THREAT OR OPPORTUNITY? The business-as-usual approach to the production of biofuels, popularly known as first-generation biofuels, is one of the most water-intensive ways to produce energy, and raises concerns about the increase in water stress in South Africa. While the government’s position of no water usage for producing biofuels under irrigation is positive, diverting 1.4% of the arable land to the production of energy crops, as suggested by the country’s biofuels strategy, is concerning in the context of food security. The use of ‘currently under-utilised’ land from the former homelands as suggested by the strategy is also problematic because this land is vital for the food security of local communities. Finally, there is nothing to prohibit farmers from substituting food crops with energy crops if the price for energy crops identified in the biofuels strategy increases. IMPLICATIONS FOR ENERGY SECURITY The country’s impending water scarcity poses a challenge for future power generation plans and electricity supply. The electricity supply is dependent on water-intensive coal-fired power stations, which account for 86% of generation capacity. Efforts are being made to transition to dry-cooled coal-powered power stations, which require 5 to 10% of the water relative to wet-cooled stations. Nevertheless, these power stations are still 100% dependent on water and there is a high co-dependency between water and electricity production. The effort to increase energy security by diversifying beyond coal and reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions through renewable energy sources may be limited because of water quantity or quality constraints. c For further information, kindly visit www.wwf.org.za

References: Von Bormann, T. and Gulati, M. 2014. The Food Energy Water Nexus: Understanding South Africa’s most urgent sustainability challenge. WWF-SA, South Africa. WWF-SA 2017, Scenarios for the Future of Water in South Africa © Text 2017 WWF-SA All rights reserved Coatings SA thanks the WWF-SA for the information contained in this article.

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your local partner in colour pigments Visit us at the ‘Coatings for Africa Symposium and Expo’ from 29th to 31st May at the Sandton Convention Centre. You will find us at stand J10. We are confident that we, at Delta Colours, have the most comprehensive and innovative colour portfolio in this market especially for the coating, plastic, inks and concrete manufacturers and that you will not be disappointed. Feel free to take a tour of our stand, meet our team, collect brochures and get expert advice. We are passionate about meeting your exact requirements and adding value to your business. We look forward to meeting you and showcasing our extended basket of products.

Phone: +27 21 876 4167 · Email: orders@deltacolours.com 71 Village Artisan, Cabriére Street, Franschhoek 7690 Western Cape, South Africa



Developing a complete cool color solution for the coatings industry By Daniel Lladó, Patricia Perez and Jordi Fernández Urbán, Ferro Pigments.


ypically the pigments allowing high reflection of NIR and thus a high TSR (Total Solar Reflection) are referred to as Cool Pigments and are usually associated to Complex Inorganic Color Pigments (CICPs). Ferro Pigments has long been supplying the market with this kind of high performance pigments and their cool properties are well known in the market. A few thing s to consider when formulating cool colors are reviewed as well as the possibility of using Ultramarine Blue as a cool pigment and under which circumstances it could be recommendable. INTRODUCING THE “COOL CONCEPT” It is well known that dark surfaces heat up under the sun, while white surfaces remain cool. This heat build-up is related to the level of absorption of incident sunlight that is converted into heat, thus the degree of absorption/reflection of incoming sunlight will determine the heat built up on a surface. This daily experience which associates dark colors with hot temperatures influences our color choices in everything from clothes to house paints and cars. If we analyze in detail the incident sunlight that reaches the Earth’s surface, it ranges over a broad spectrum of wavelengths (of about 280 to 2500 nm) and it can be divided into three different regions: • Ultraviolet (UV): <400nm. UV light can cause damage to our skin and it is responsible for polymer degradation. • Visible: from 400 to 700nm. The visible region is the portion of the spectrum that is visible to the human eye, and contains all the colors that we can distinguish. • Near Infrared (NIR): from 700 to 2500 nm. IR light causes chemical bonds to vibrate, which translates into a temperature increase. So, when sunlight reaches a material, part of the radiation is absorbed, heating the surface and the surrounding air by convection. Heat is also transported by conduction into the material, increasing the temperature on the other side by convection. As commented, the typical scenario is comparing a dark with a white roof. While a white roof can reflect up to 80% of incident light, a dark roof absorbs much more sunlight that is transferred in heat as shown in figure 1 (left). (1) The use of “cool” materials, which reduce the heating effect of sunlight, can provide benefits in different areas such as global warming mitigation, by reducing atmospheric temperatures in urban areas and countering some anticipated temperature increases due to Global Warming (2), energy savings by reducing the electricity demand to cool heat island effects (3) (4) or reducing the cabin temperature, fuel consumption and CO2 emissions in cars (5). But it also will have advantages in coatings and coated materials performance in use. Examples include metal roofs where thermal stress leads to coating damage or EIFS (Exterior Insulation Finishing System), where the insulation board typically made of PS with a maximum service temperature of about 75ºC, so at higher temperatures it loses some of its properties. HOW COOL PROPERTIES ARE CALCULATED There are different ways to measure the interaction of solar radiation

with a material, and therefore to evaluate its “cool” effect. One of the most common is to measure the energy reflected by using the Total Solar Reflectance (TSR) parameter, but there are other ways such as Solar Reflectance Index (SRI, ASTM E1980. (7)), Surface Temperature or even Energy savings (as seen in reference (8)). As the data on this study is based on TSR, we will only detail this methodology. • Total Solar Reflectance (TSR) TSR is the percentage of the incident solar energy which is reflected by a material surface. Its calculation requires taking the raw reflectance data and applying solar weighting factors for each wavelength collected. These factors and calculations are contained within the respective norms (e.g. ASTM G173)(6). It gives a 0-100 scale, where the higher the TSR, the cooler the surface. As a reference: o A cool white surface can show a TSR>65% (that means that less than 35% of solar energy is absorbed) o And a conventional dark surface usually shows a TSR between 5-15% (85-95% of solar energy is absorbed) For example, figure 1 (right) shows the reflectance curves of two coatings, black and white, pigmented with Titanium Dioxide and Carbon black pigments, with TSR values of %TSR=84 and %TSR=5 respectively.

Figure 1: Scheme of how sunlight is transformed into heat (left). TSR of a white coating compared to a black coating (right).

EXPERIMENTAL WORK A coil coating PVDF-Acrylic (70:30) was prepared and applied on a black and white substrate 20μ dry film thickness, with the pigment percentage specified in each case. The reflectance curve of each application was measured on a white and on a black background and the TSR determined. Different pigments have been used in this project such as Chrome Antimony Titanium Buff Rutile (Pigment Brown 24, PS-10406), Chrome Iron Brown Hematite (Pigment Brown 29, V-785), Cobalt Aluminate Blue Spinel (Pigment Blue 28, PS-10446) and Ultramarine Blue (Pigment Blue 29). In the case of Ultramarine Blue, Nubicoat HRD has been used, being this the reddest Ultramarine in the market specially recommended for this purpose. Reflectance curves and TSR values were mainly measured using a spectrophotometer UV-Vis/NIR Agilent Cary 5000 with internal diffuse reflectance accessory and PMT/PbS detectors, which covers

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technical a wavelength range from 250 to 2500nm. It reports reflectance curves, and also total TSR and the TSR values in each region. WHAT TO TAKE INTO ACCOUNT WHEN FORMULATING COOL COATINGS When formulating with cool pigments some considerations must be taken into account in order to obtain the best possible results; the pigment chemistry used and its dosage is one of the main effects on the cool behavior of the coating, but the resin type, thickness, number of layers, whether or not there is a primer and the type of substrate will also have an impact on the final result of the whole system. It is clear that the main effect on the TSR value seems to be color, taking into account that visible light corresponds to 40% of the total sun radiation. We are all used to thinking that white color is always cool and a dark color is always hot; this is usually true but with a few observations. As seen before, only one part of the spectral curve of a pigment is related to color, the visible part between 400-700 nm, and all the wavelengths from 700 nm absorbed or reflected will have a big impact on the TSR value of the pigment, so it is in this area where the different pigment chemistry will have an impact when comparing similar color spaces. We can then compare different black pigments and observe that their TSR values may be different. In figure 2 different black pigments are compared showing that depending on their chemistry, a whole range of TSR value can be obtained.

For the pigmented coating (yellow lines) the results in this case show that when the thickness is small there is some influence of the substrate on the TSR value, being the TSR higher when the coating is applied on a white substrate. When we increase the thickness of the coating, the influence of the substrate is minimized and the two substrates trend to the same TSR value. This effect correlates with an increase in pigment dosage for a constant thickness because in both cases it is more difficult for sunlight to reach the substrate. If we do the same evaluations using a Pigment Blue 29 (Ultramarine Blue) and a Pigment Blue 28 (Cobalt Aluminate Blue), as shown in figure 3 (left), some different behaviors may be seen. In the case of Pigment Blue 28 on a white surface the pigment absorbance, where the thickness increases, makes the TSR decrease a little, while on a black surface the TSR increases with thickness; also because of its reflectance. The behavior of Pigment Blue 29 in this case is different; while on a white substrate it has a similar effect to Pigment Blue 28 when applied over a black substrate, the TSR does not increase with the thickness because there is no reflectance. Thus we can assume that Pigment Blue 29 is non-reflecting and transparent to NIR radiation and the nature of the substrate is a key point for the final properties of the whole system. According to these observations, Ultramarine Blue can be recognized as a cool pigment due to its low absorption in the NIR, and thus it is suitable for cool paints, preferably applied on white or NIR reflective surfaces, or in combination with NIR-scattering pigments. Similar results can be found in the bibliography (9) (10). If we look in detail at the TSR curves for both blues for a given thickness, figure 4, we can observe that in both blue shades the TSR values are similar, being slightly higher the one using Pigment Blue 28. But if we analyze in detail the different areas we can observe that the contribution to the TSR is different depending on the pigment chemistry having more or less reflectance in the different sub-areas of the Near Infra-Red zone.

Figure 2: Carbon Black TSR vs different grades of Pigment Brown 29.

Another thing to take into account then is the substrate where the coating is applied and its color, as well as the thickness of the coating. As sunlight can reach the substrate through the coating it is important to control the thickness of the coating or the type of substrate if the cool performance of the whole system has to be maximized. A bad decision on the substrate can ruin the result regarding the Cool properties of a well optimized coating if the whole system is not optimized. In figure 3 (right), this effect can be seen when applying a coil coating at different thicknesses over a white and a black substrate, in this case using an unpigmented coating and a Pigment Brown 24. When there is no pigment in the coating (dark lines) there is a clear difference between both substrates, being the white one cooler than the black, as expected. Also notice that in the case of a white substrate, as the thickness increases there is a slight decrease in the TSR value due to certain absorbance of the coating.

Figure 3: TSR of unpigmented and yellow paints (Coil Coating) at different thicknesses and different substrates (right), TSR of different Blues at different thickneses and substrates (left).

Figure 4: TSR curves comparing Nubicoat HRD and Pigment Blue 28 at same dosage.

PIGMENT COMBINED WITH TiO2 As we have seen before, the use of a white coating or white substrate always makes the system cooler. This is due to the high reflection produced by TiO2, as seen in figure 1, but what is the effect of mixing a pigment with TiO2 to obtain different shades? In figures 5 and 6, Pigment Brown 29 (a cool black) and Pigment Blue 29 are combined with TiO2 at different dosage, using the same white substrate, to cover different shades, from pastel to dark colors. In both cases there is a clear correlation between the L value and the TSR value obtained for each shade. This is mainly due to the presence of TiO2 and its reflectance capabilities, but looking at the spectral curve

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technical we see that its main contribution is in the visible wavelengths (figure 7). What is important is to take this into account when comparing the TSR values (or cool properties) of the same color space using different pigments, so the comparison has to be made at the same/similar L value instead of at the same pigment concentration.

Figure 8: TSR and Colorimetric data of different formulations mixing Nubicoat HRD and Pigment Brown 29.

As can be seen in figure 8, when replacing Pigment Brown 29 with Ultramarine Blue, the b value moves to bluish and the L value is even darker, so jetness is increased. The TSR value is practically not affected by the addition of the Ultramarine pigment, so what we obtain is a bluish and deeper black with the same TSR (cool properties) as the original black, and more cost effectiveness compared to the original.

Figure 5: Pigment Brown 29 with TiO 2 ; L value vs TSR.

CONCLUSIONS To summarize, choosing the right pigments is a key point for the cool properties of a given system but it is also important to take care of the other parts of the system in order to ensure the required performance. Focusing on the pigment selection, it is important to avoid high absorbers like carbon black; even at very low dosages they will have a negative impact on the overall result. Ultramarine Blue pigments, especially Nubicoat HRD, can be used as an alternative cost effective Blue pigment, taking into account that their use is recommended on reflecting substrates. With the addition of Ultramarine Blue in the cool pigments color palette, new shades of blue are possible as well as cost effective, cool bluish blacks. Ferro Pigments offers a whole range of Cool pigments and many years of expertise as well as the possibility to assist customers project by project in order to fulfill the requirements regarding Cool Performance but also durability and performance for the most demanding applications, and for sure the Coolest.

Figure 6: Nubicoat HRD with TiO 2 ; L value vs TSR.

For more information, call 021-876-4167. BIBLIOGRAPHIC REFERENCES [1] “Cool colors, Cool Roofs, part 2” Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory [2] “European Climate Change policy beyond 2012”, World energy council, 2009 [3] “The long-term effect of increasing the albedo of urban areas”, Akbari, Matthews, Seto, 2012

Figure 7: Effect of Titanium dioxide on the TSR.

ENHANCING THE BLUE UNDERTONE OF COOL BLACKS As previously seen, not all black pigments are hot, and cool black surfaces are possible using the right pigments such as Pigment Brown 29 or Pigment Green 17. But when we compare this to carbon black, the standard black pigment in many applications, we can easily see that the jetness is not the same; this is due to the red or yellow undertone that cool blacks usually have, even in some cases brownish shades are obtained instead of black. One possibility to make them deeper and more attractive is to enhance their blue undertone by adding some Ultramarine Blue; for this purpose Nubicoat HRD is the most recommended Ferro pigment.

[4] “Reduction of Urban Heat Islands: compendium of strategies - Cool Roofs”, Climate Protection Partnership Division in the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Office of Atmospheric Programs (EPA) [5] “Cool-colored cars to reduce air-conditioning energy use and reduce CO2 emissions”, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory for California Energy Commission [6] “ASTM G173-03(2012), Standard Tables for Reference Solar Spectral Irradiances: Direct Normal and Hemispherical on 37° Tilted Surface”, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2012 [7] “ASTM E1980-11, Standard Practice for Calculating Solar Reflectance Index of Horizontal and Low-Sloped Opaque Surfaces”, ASTM International, West Conshohocken, PA, 2001 [8] “Method for measuring energy savings on highly reflective coatings”, D. Bustos, DuPont Titanium Technologies Mexico [9] “Solar spectral optical properties of pigments—Part II: survey of common colorants”, Ronnen Levinson, Paul Berdahl, Hashem Akbari. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory [10] “Characterizing the radiative properties of pigments for cool roofs”, R. Levinson. Heat Island Group / Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory

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Coatings SA_Issue 1 I Vol 6 I 2018  

Paint Manufacturers, Raw Material Suppliers, Distributors and Paint Chemists

Coatings SA_Issue 1 I Vol 6 I 2018  

Paint Manufacturers, Raw Material Suppliers, Distributors and Paint Chemists