Spring 2012 12 Beating the ‘cheat’ in winter wheat
18 North Dakota growers in a wet year
24 top 10 broadleaf weed problems
A grower-to-grower Arysta LifeScience publication for farm management professionals
Outfit your online toolbox These days, it’s just as important to have a well-stocked online toolbox as it is to have a well-stocked shop.
Innovators of the future How are the farmers of the next generation preparing themselves?
Gluten testing moves to forefront New end uses create need for new ways to test wheat quality.
Farmers’ Roundtable: How top growers manage to hit their
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2 COVER STORY
Farmers’ Roundtable: How top growers manage to hit their yield targets
Outfit your online toolbox
Innovators of the future
These days, it’s just as important to have a well-stocked online toolbox as it is to have a well-stocked shop.
How are the farmers of the next generation preparing themselves?
Fertility, varieties and fungicides help boost the bushels.
Everest® 2.0 helped North Dakota growers in a wet year
New initiatives from CropLife Canada and CropLife America highlight economics, education and efficiencies.
In a season defined by too much water, growers still found ways to manage weeds.
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From the editor: Marilyn Cummins, editor, Newground magazine Spring is here – bringing with it the promise of a new planting season and a close watch on the weather and markets here and abroad as you prepare your drills and head to the field. As we went to press with this Spring 2012 issue of Newground, news reports told of French growers losing soft winter wheat to a February freeze, USDA lowering its estimate of world wheat inventories as livestock producers continue to feed wheat and the U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization forecasting that 2012 world wheat production will be the second highest on record at 690 million tons as plantings increase in many countries.
While we don’t have a crystal ball to confirm any predictions, we do hope the stories you’ll find in this issue give you food for thought: tips from top-yielding wheat growers, a look at future innovators, information and management tools for your online toolbox and the latest on what the crop production industry associations CropLife Canada and CropLife America are doing to help producers and agriculture in general. We bring you first-hand experiences with Arysta LifeScience’s new generation Everest® 2.0 from several users in North Dakota, and other weed management research and ideas. And it never hurts to keep an eye on what happens to your wheat on its way from your fields to the tables of consumers
– check out the latest developments in testing gluten and other wheat quality factors to match up with changing tastes and baking needs. As always, we welcome your feedback, questions and ideas. Please visit www.newgroundmagazine.com to access the online version of the magazine, explore Web Extras and tell us what’s on your mind. Best wishes for a safe and successful Spring!
This issue of Newground magazine is devoted to the memory of Patrick Haikal, who was passionate about agriculture.
Readers are invited to reproduce the contents of this publication with an acknowledgement to read: Originally published in Newground by Arysta LifeScience, Cary, NC. The views expressed are not necessarily those of the publisher. Please send us questions or comments on anything you’ve read in Newground. We’d love to receive them. If you have a story idea, we’d like to receive that, too. You can email us at: email@example.com
The latest in soil testing, Beating the ‘cheat’ in on the go winter wheat Innovative mobile unit can sample, test and map three critical soil characteristics as it travels your field.
South Dakota growers use Pre-Pare® to manage cheatgrass after generations of battle.
Fax (403) 930-4901 Send a letter to: Newground PO Box 2170 Cary, NC 27512-2170 Executive Advisors Craig Brekkas Brent Byers Linda Frerichs Hugh MacGillivray Royce Schulte Editor Marilyn Cummins Researchers and Writers Marilyn Cummins John Dietz Neal Fandek Trena Fox Art Direction and Design Tracy Irving
Gluten testing moves to forefront
Growers count down their top 10 broadleaf weed problems
New end uses create need for new ways to test wheat quality.
Kochia tops the list of weeds spring wheat growers targeted in 2011.
Editorial Assistance and Production Shannon Anderson Jennifer Gibson Laramy Gibson Peggy Huston Mark Near Sarah Taylor
Always read and follow label directions. EVEREST, the EVEREST 2.0 logo, the EVITO logo, Newground, the Newground logo, PRE-PARE, the PRE-PARE logo, RAZE, the RAZE logo, SUPREMACY and the SUPREMACY logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Xylem Pro Technology slogan is a trademark of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Affinity BroadSpec and Spartan are registered trademarks of DuPont Crop Protection. PowerFlex and WideMatch are registered trademarks of Dow AgroSciences LLC. Prosaro and Raxil are registered trademarks of Bayer CropScience. Roundup Ready is a registered trademark of Monsanto. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. ©2012 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. ESTU-174 Printed in USA
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How top growers manage to hit their yield targets
Cornie Fehr grows spring wheat and canola east of Neepawa, Manitoba. Brian O’Toole raises wheat; corn; pinto, black and navy beans; soybeans; potatoes and sugar beets at Crystal, North Dakota, in the northeast corner of the state. Terry Weckerly grows wheat, barley, soybeans, corn and sometimes canola or flax on his farm at Hurdsfield, North Dakota. Newground talked with these farmers in January 2012.
�� Newground: What types of wheat do you grow, and in what kind of land-management system? FEHR: I grow a hard red spring wheat variety called Harvest, using conventional tillage. O’TOOLE: Mostly hard red spring wheat with a small amount of winter wheat these last three years, with conventional tillage. WECKERLY: We’re all spring wheat. The main part of the land management is conservation tillage, with everything from minimum-till to no-till. A lot of one-pass seeding in the spring pulling anhydrous tanks and everything behind you. �� Newground: How did your wheat turn out in 2011? FEHR: My overall average would have been 57 bushels an acre, but I had 25-percent to 30-percent drown-out on some fields. There were a few fields that had really no drown-out, and the yield on those fields was quite a bit higher. On those fields, I would have said, right around 70 (bu/acre). O’TOOLE: It was disappointing. It was a very good-looking crop, as far as straw stand, but the berries just weren’t there. We harvested out 75-bushel straw and brought home 45- to50-bushel wheat. WECKERLY: We were in one of the better areas of the state, and we had what you would call, I guess, an average crop. Not everybody in the area had that, either. You go 15 miles east of us and there was a lot of 30-bushel wheat. Our area, there was a lot of 40- to 45-bushel wheat. West of us, where it got a little drier, there was some 50- and 60-bushel wheat.
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�� Newground: What is the BEST crop of wheat you’ve ever produced? FEHR: It’s probably been right around 80, or 80-plus, on individual fields, but I do usually have a little bit of a problem with protein. My protein probably varies from 12.5 to 14.5. It varies quite a bit. There must be something else. O’TOOLE: We’ve seen … well, 75 bushels is a good crop in our area. For bar-room talk, on what everybody’s combines will monitor, you can see 100-bushel yields throughout the field. It’s never going to average that. Seventy to 75 would be a very good crop in our area. There would be no disappointment if you were in that number. In prior years, before last year, we were in the 70-bushel category. WECKERLY: The best wheat yield we ever had was a 75-bushel average crop across the farm. It was in 2008 or 2009. We had perfect growing conditions for wheat. That same year we combined my corn in the spring because we didn’t have enough heat units to get the darn corn mature. Wheat is very much a cool weather plant. The cooler the weather, the more bushels you’re going to get out of it, if you treat the plant right. The year we had that 75-bushel crop was the year that got us looking for protein enhancements and ways to raise our protein should the crop look like it’s excelling. That same year we produced the highest-bushel crop I’ve ever had but also the lowest protein wheat I’d ever grown in my life. I had neighbors down at 10.5 and 11 protein. There was a lot of 12 or 12.5 protein wheat in the country that year. You want at least 14, so you don’t get any discounts. So, we didn’t fertilize for a 75-bushel crop. We didn’t add any nitrogen after flowering. Then the next year we went ahead and started experimenting with nitrogen sprayed on after flowering, after the flowers were dropped. So, then we had a 65-bushel crop, but we had our protein raised back up to 14s in the fields where we experimented with that. �� Newground: What yield target are you setting for 2012 wheat, and how have your yield targets changed over the last few years? FEHR: If I get the right weather conditions, I’m sure I could grow 65 to 75 bushels of wheat. I fertilize for that. If you go five years back, we would have always been happy with 50-, 55- or 60-bushel wheat, but I do my inputs different now, so then you expect more. O’TOOLE: If we were in control, we’d push that target all the way up to 100 bushels. We fertilize for 70 bushels, and with
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that we’ll intend on getting protein with those numbers. Last year, with that lack of bushels, we got amazingly high protein. The old rule of thumb was to fertilize for 60 bushels. Then when you run off with a couple 75-bushel yields, you’re going to be lacking in the protein. As for changes, I would say with the genetics of wheat you’re probably seeing within the last 20 years, probably a bushel-and-a-half increase per year.
WECKERLY: We usually shoot for growing 60-bushel wheat. Our targets have gone up. The varieties have gotten better. We’ve gotten better at managing varieties. �� Newground: Have you changed varieties or fertility levels to reach those new targets? FEHR: Yes. I mix a seed primer together with Raxil®, and then I treat my seed. I do my fertilizing a little differently, too. O’TOOLE: I think a lot of it is varieties, and disease resistance within the varieties, along with some changes in planting practices and seedbed preparation. WECKERLY: You’re always checking out new varieties as they come out. Naturally, we’re not growing the same varieties we were 20 years ago. Most of those varieties went by the wayside either because of disease or yield. With spring wheat, what you’re really after is high protein and high yield, both. In order to grow high-yielding, high-protein spring wheat, you’ve got to give’er the job when you’re putting fertilizer on. Especially with your nitrogen. If you try to short the nitrogen, you’ll end up with low-protein spring wheat. And, you know where the premiums were the last two years, if you followed the market. It wasn’t good. We’ve learned a lot of enhancing procedures. Even now, if it looks like the yield is going to out-strip what we put down for fertilizer, we’ll top-dress some more nitrogen on it after heading. �� Newground: How do you select your seed varieties? FEHR: Right now I’m with the Harvest variety because it’s a shorter wheat. I’m trying to get away from lodging problems. I used to grow AC Barrie for many years. It’s a fairly tall wheat. When you had a heavy rainstorm, then it went down. I’ve changed over to a shorter variety to try to get away from that. But it still lodges. O’TOOLE: That’s an excellent question! There’s a whole gambit of varieties out there. There are many different plant breeders that will pass on their genetics to you. Some are race horses. They’ll give you the yield but they won’t give you the protein. On the other hand there’s protein varieties that ��
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won’t give you the yield. We probably put a little bit of both in. We’re unique. We are a seed farm. As a result we end up with probably nine different varieties. Those varieties will end up in both registered and certified classes. There can be as high as 18 different lots of crop out here. It would be beneficial to everybody if we could settle down and find two that everybody liked. Plant breeders do a good job of selling their product. As a result, some growers will lean toward private varieties, while others would rather grow a public variety. There’s many different ways of getting your seed and each one of those has many different varieties in them. So, we plant a little bit of everything.
WECKERLY: One of the main concerns for this area – it has been for a long time – is what has the best Fusarium resistance, and yield and protein. I would say we’re probably dropping a variety, adding a new variety every couple of years. �� Newground: How have you changed equipment to help you reach those targets? FEHR: I do my fertilizing a little bit differently. I’ve got two air drills. With one, I put my nitrogen and potash on; I kindof deep-band it. With the second air drill, I come and do my phosphate, my sulphur and my seed. I used to cultivate my land anyway. Now I use the air drill for a little bit of tillage, plus I put my nitrogen and potash on. Then, I seed it with the other air drill – all done in spring. O’TOOLE: We’re constantly buying equipment we think is doing us a better job, which normally your neighbor owns. Once you’ve gotten into that one, the one you had was maybe better, so you’re switching back. We’re not very good at complimenting ourselves; we’re usually better at complimenting our neighbor’s crop. �� Newground: Have you changed crop or field management practices to reach those targets? FEHR: We do a little bit of top dressing, here and there, with nutrients from OMEX, and fungicides. I do early flag leaf, the first time, and then last year I used Prosaro® in the early flower stage. Yeah, I do fungicides twice. O’TOOLE: Absolutely. Especially spraying practices. Fungicides are put on regularly. Unlike previous generations, when it would have been an extreme “no-no” to be driving across a crop of wheat in a high-clearance sprayer, it’s become a common practice for us for at least 20 years now. There are very few fields along the valley now that don’t have tracks every 132 feet or every 90 feet, depending on their sprayer width. WECKERLY: No. Well, if you’re doing things right to begin with, you’re practicing a good rotational balance. With the variety of crops we can grow here, it’s pretty obscene that we’d be growing any wheat on wheat. Out in the western part of the state and Montana, you’ll see a lot practicing wheat-on-wheat. That doesn’t really happen in this area.
�� Newground: What one management practice has had the biggest impact on your yields? FEHR: I think the seed primer and the top dressing (a 7-14-13), and the way I fertilize it, the deep banding of the nitrogen and potash. O’TOOLE: I’d say the chemical. I would say it’s the fungicides, trying to keep diseases out of it. We’ll put fungicides on with our seed treatments; we’ll put fungicides on at the 4-leaf stage; we’ll put a fungicide on at the flag-leaf stage; and we’ll also treat the head. You do the best with what you’ve got; it’s Mother Nature that’s going to give you that yield. WECKERLY: Probably fungicides, along with some timely insecticides. We’ve learned that plant health is one of the bigger things. Twenty years ago, we wouldn’t have thought of putting fungicides down when we sprayed for weeds. Now it’s a standard procedure to put down fungicides when we spray at the 5-leaf stage (for weeds). It’ll keep our plants healthy, and keeping them healthy keeps the disease pressure down. Then, we’ll do another fungicide application at flowering time. �� Newground: What could happen to further improve wheat yields on your farm in the next five years? FEHR: That’s a hard question. You definitely need the weather. That’s a big factor. Keep the crop healthy, that’s terribly important. Weed control has to be done, too; the wheat has to be clean. O’TOOLE: I would like to explore the genetic modification of the wheat crop. I would like to see a crop that would do well in a drought-tolerant situation, or water stress situation. In our case, in the Valley here, something that would handle Fusarium. Any of these issues are devastating to the farmer. Genetically modified is a little quicker way of getting at it (than conventional plant breeding). If you could start achieving wheat yields like we see in the corn and soybeans, I would accept those advances. WECKERLY: Better research in the wheat world for yields, no different than what’s happened with corn. I mean, if you look at major commodities, wheat has not kept up, especially in comparison to corn. Most of the research done, up to this point, has been driven by land grant institutions. You don’t have nearly the money funneling into wheat production that you do in corn and soybeans and other higher-value crops. Myself, I promote biotech wheat because I believe biotechnology has the possibility of bringing us new things in wheat faster than the conventional systems we’ve used. By biotech wheat, be careful to not have your mind go to just chemical resistance. We don’t need everything to be Roundup Ready®. Roundup Ready is already skewing what’s happening in the weed world with resistance from too much glyphosate use. But if they could figure out the scab gene, and have that bred into the wheat, that would just be phenomenal. �� Newground: Thanks for taking the time to talk with us and share your yield-boosting tips. ❦
EVITO® is now registered for use in wheat, field and sweet corn, soybeans, peanuts, fruiting vegetables and potatoes.
Always read and follow label directions. EVITO and the EVITO logo are registered trademarks and the “Xylem Pro Technology” slogan is a trademark of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. ©2012 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC.
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Outfit your online In the technology-rich world of agriculture, it is just as important to have a well-stocked online toolbox as it is to have a well-stocked shop. To supplement the bookkeeping and management software currently on your computer, we have come up with the following list of websites. Farmers interviewed for this story say their top four online priorities are: news, weather, markets and machinery. For one-stop shopping and the latest in news go to DTN/The Progressive Farmer (www.dtnprogressivefarmer.com), Successful Farming’s Agriculture.com (www.agriculture.com) or Farm Journal’s AgWeb.com (www.agweb.com). Government departments invest significant time and money creating agricultural resources. The United States Department of Agriculture (www.usda.gov) and your state website will provide program, event, market, map and weather information. The USDA U.S. Drought Portal (www.drought.gov) is working on an advanced drought-modeling system to help monitor drought conditions across the U.S. For up-to-the-minute weather information, check the weather sections of the news sights above or visit WeatherBug (www.weatherbug.com) which has desktop and web widgets and mobile apps; the Farming section of The Weather Channel (www.weather.com/outdoors/ agriculture/forecast) or go to the source: The National Weather Service (www.weather.gov). Staying on top of commodity markets can be a full time job. Use AgWeb (www.agweb.com/markets) or bookmark your local grain company’s website.
While you may not be looking for new or used machinery on a daily basis, keep on top of new technology, manufacturers and companies at Agsearch.com (www.agsearch.com). Also, use Iron Search (www.ironsearch.com) when looking to buy or sell machinery anywhere in North America.
�� Need a quick calculation? Although farmers are resourceful and spend many hours creating spreadsheets and workbooks to help with their calculations, the following sites are definitely worth a visit: Several farm-management calculators are kept up-to-date on North Dakota State University’s site (http://www.ag.ndsu.edu/farmmanagement/tools), including a Prevent Plant calculator and the latest SURE (Supplemental Revenue Assistance Payments) program calculator. South Dakota University has added iGrow Wheat to its portal for time-sensitive information and resources (http://igrow.org/agronomy/wheat) and the Wheat Growers cooperative offers a marketing plan calculator (http://www.wheatgrowers.com/grain/ marketing_plan_calculator). Ever wonder how significantly wild oats are hurting your bottom line when left uncontrolled in your crop? Go to www.newgroundmagazine.com to access the Nitrogen Calculator and find out.
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andheld Tools H and Calculators
If you are a tech-savvy farmer who owns a smartphone, the following apps are worth considering. Although hundreds exist, this list will give you a good start: �� Marketing
Farmer’s Partner (Android): Calculate profitability based on current markets and see how price changes affect your bottom line. Dynamic Pricing Platform (iPhone): View cash grain prices and basis levels. �� Management
�� Everyone needs a little social time Social media sites are just that – social. To stay in touch, ask questions, and keep on top of current issues, start with the tools and conversations at AgChat (www.agchat.org); visit the forums and blogs on your favorite ag news site; or try ag-specific sites such as The Combine Forum (www.thecombineforum.com), AgTalk Plus (www.agtalkplus.com) or FarmerNation (www.farmernation.com). The Internet is an endless source of information – if you have a site bookmarked or an application on your phone that you would like to share, please send it to us at firstname.lastname@example.org so that we can start compiling a list for future editions of Newground. ❦
FuelLog - Car Management (Android): Track fuel consumption and fuel economy for multiple vehicles on your farm. Evernote (Blackberry, iPhone, Android): Create reminders for yourself via text, pictures or audio. �� Agronomy
DTN/The Progressive Farmer Ag Weather Tools (Android): GPS-based roaming alerts, forecasts, touch-screen interactive weather displays and unique ag commentary. SoilWeb (iPhone, Android): Access USDA-NRCS soil data for the field that you are standing in. AGRIplot (iPhone): Plot an area in your field to determine the area and coordinates. Input System (Android): Track fertilizer, chemical and seeding data on your phone. Nutrient Removal (iPhone, Android): Start working on fertilizer recommendations by accessing crop and region-specific information for nutrient uptake of 36 different crops. Created by Mosaic company.
Web extra: Visit www.newgroundmagazine.com to click on these great online tools. And while you’re browsing Newground online, tell us what your favorite ag apps are and we’ll enter you to win an Arysta LifeScience winter jacket.
Farm Seed Rate Calculator (Blackberry): Conveniently calculate your seed rate. Seed Rate Calculator (iPhone): Calculate your seed rate quickly. Farm Units (Blackberry): Convert bushels to tonnes and tonnes to bushels for most grains. �� Fun
AgRacer (iPhone, iPod Touch, iPad, Android): Race farm equipment for fun and prizes.
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INNOVATORS OF THE FUTURE
How are the farmers of the next generation preparing themselves? Today’s young farmers have the ability to explore their interests and develop peer groups during their formal education years and beyond. Opportunities include 4-H, FFA (formerly called the Future Farmers of America), the Green Certificate apprenticeship-style training program in some of the Western Provinces and Canada’s Outstanding Young Farmer program. Newground talked with young leaders in Canada and the United States to learn specifically what has helped them on their path forward. Jason Frerichs farms near Wilmot, S.D., with his father and brothers. He credits his involvement in his local 4-H Club and the FFA for igniting his passion for agriculture and leadership. At 27, Frerichs has not only started his farming career, but has earned his B.S. in agricultural education, taught at a technical college, and is currently serving as minority leader in the South Dakota State Senate, following a term as state representative almost straight out of college. Being the fourth generation in his family to serve in the state senate is not the only feather in Frerichs’ cap: he has recently helped champion new agricultural policies to help solve the state’s water management and drainage issues. Saskatchewan’s 2011 Outstanding Young Farmers, Franck and Kari Groeneweg, from Edgeley, Sask., spend a significant amount of time volunteering. Franck is a member of his local crop marketing club, serves as president of the
Indian Head Agricultural Research Foundation, is a director on the Saskatchewan Canola Development Commission and is a founding chair of the Western Canada Canola Variety Trial Committee. Kari is a member and volunteer with the Association of Regina Christian Home Educators and Saskatchewan Home Based Educators. They accomplish all of this while managing a successful 9,060-acre grain farm and focusing on their young family.
“Leaders in agriculture are progressive. They look at a problem, find a solution, fix it and move on.” – Jason Frerichs
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�� Engaging and networking are key
�� On the leading edge with innovations
Both Frerichs and the Groenewegs feel that surrounding themselves with individuals with similar interests gives them access to innovative ideas that will not only benefit their own farming operation, but the entire agricultural community.
The amount of capital required to run a viable farm business is increasing. Investment in machinery, technology, crops and inputs is driving risk management and margin protection to the forefront of everyone’s minds. So what innovative ideas are these farm families using to manage their businesses this year?
“The reason I volunteer is partly selfish,” admits Franck. “It allows me to develop a network of like-minded people throughout Canada who I can share ideas with and gain encouragement.” He adds, “By being involved in research, the entire industry benefits. We are able to look ahead five to 10 years to see what the needs of the farming industry will be.” The Groenewegs both have post-secondary education, but, due to their current obligations, are not enrolled in formal training opportunities at this time. However, they both feel that the accounting training that Kari has taken, and the various opportunities that Franck is exposed to through his volunteer activities, are valuable ‘on-the-ground’ education. “For example, board training gives me insight into how the corporate world operates in terms of human resources, employee salaries and benefits, communication skills and business sense. All of which I can apply to our farming operation,” Franck says. Mentors, consultants, peer advisors, business coaches and marketing clubs can also provide a valuable source of education for farmers. “Our crop marketing club has evolved over time. We bring in speakers to discuss a wide variety of topics, everything from agronomy to succession planning, so that we learn from each other’s experiences,” says Franck.
The Groenewegs say they are looking at growing a larger variety of crops. “In the past we have concentrated on decreasing the number of crops that we have grown, but now we are seeing a need to introduce more crops to better fit the land we are farming.” This year they will be trying some hemp and faba beans. They say they feel that adding crops that are potentially more profitable will help spread out risk and allow them to take advantage of future opportunities. The Groenewegs have also been implementing controlled traffic into their farming operation to decrease compaction and crop trampling. And, working closely with other canola producers, they are assessing new products (both equipment and seed varieties) that will make straight-cutting canola more feasible. “Creating better management tools, such as spreadsheets, to minimize risk, and engaging in strategic planning to be able to work smarter and be on the cutting edge, is where I focus,” said Frerichs. “I also like to experiment and do onfarm research trials, such as cover cropping and intensive grazing systems, to stay ahead of the industry curve. It is important to me to not be afraid to take a few risks and learn how to better manage the resources that I have.” “Nothing innovative is truly new,” Franck says. “Someone has tried it, possibly 50 years ago, but by doing it differently, we can be innovative today.” ❦
“We believe in making lemonade out of lemons. In farming there are not a lot of guarantees. We have a plan but are willing to deviate from it if need be.” – Kari Groeneweg
Franck and Kari Groeneweg
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The latest in
soil testing, on the go ďż˝ďż˝ Innovative mobile unit can sample, test and map three critical soil characteristics as it travels your field.
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The ability to test and map soil characteristics on the go has come a long way since ag researchers drove through fields on a four-wheeler with a device that could have been mistaken for a fishing rod case on the back (the EM-38) to measure electromagnetic conductivity in the soil below. Today, crop consultants and large farms can take advantage of the latest technology such as the Mobile Sensor Platform (MSP) from Veris Technologies Inc., which when configured as the MSP3, maps three soil properties simultaneously. The MSP3 was unveiled in July at the InfoAg 2011 Conference on precision farming in Springfield, Ill. In 1996, Veris Technologies Inc. was launched from a small shop in Salina, Kan. Engineers had developed a commercial unit to measure and map soil electrical conductivity (EC) to determine soil textures. Today, the company designs, builds and markets several sensors for agriculture. The original EC sensor and two others are carried on the MSP3 to simultaneously measure electrical conductivity, soil pH and organic matter while logging the data to a GPS map on the go throughout the field. On wheels, and depending on conditions as well as the specific purpose, it can travel at about five to 10 mph.
�� Measuring conductivity, pH and organic matter – all at once The main EC sensor, says Eric Lund, Veris Technologies president, is electrical. It determines soil electrical conductivity by measuring the voltage drop as an injected current moves between pairs of coulters. The response translates into information about salinity and texture. It reveals the pattern of soils in a field, from sand to loam to clay, from coarse to fine. And it nails the changing salinity pattern. Tied in with GPS, it can be an important layer for an agronomist who wants to produce a prescription for the field. The soil pH sensor is an electro-chemical device, similar to a lab instrument, that collects and analyzes six to 10 soil cores per acre, on the go. Samples are pushed against two electrodes that sense hydrogen ions. In some instances, readings have varied by two pH units in a 40-foot distance, evidence that traditional 2.5-acre (1-ha) grids may not give fine enough data to optimize lime application.
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Veris introduced the OpticMapper sensor in 2010. It measures organic matter on the go with an optical sensor that converts soil reflectance into values that can be mapped. It uses both visual and near-infrared light and is based on the fact that soil color is linked to organic matter content. Veris puts the OpticMapper sensor two inches into the soil, where the seed tube normally mounts in a single-row corn planter. The soil reflectance measurements are collected in the slot created by the row unit opener. “The organic matter sensor gives a way to fine-tune management zones. With EC and organic matter, you’ve got two points of reference,” Lund says.
�� Data ‘almost like gold’ The advanced Veris testing equipment may sound like advanced toys for rocket scientists, but they really are important tools to the farm that puts the data to work, says Marilyn Kot, consultant with Green Acres Tech in Francis, Sask. Kot has used the Veris EC cart for three years and regularly works with a real-time kinematic (RTK) satellite navigation base for precision mapping of field elevation changes. Kot purchased the first OpticMapper in Canada. In the second season, she’s still learning to use and apply the optic sensor’s information. In principle, she says, it will help her fine-tune field prescriptions. It would be a great asset if carbon credit trading becomes important. “I’m getting a wealth of data now with the EC and elevation,” she says. “The Veris EC data is almost like gold. It definitely identifies the areas of the field that are lighter, that are heavier, and areas of salinity and sand. It defines the differences, including production capabilities, very well.” A standard Veris machine with the single EC sensor retails at around $16,000 to $18,000. The MSP3 is offered at about twice that price. Veris machines have mapped millions of acres in North America. About 80 percent are in use by ag consultants; most others have been purchased by large farms. ❦
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Beating the ‘cheat’ in winter wheat ��
South Dakota growers use Pre-Pare® to manage cheatgrass after generations of battle.
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Hundred-bushel yields of winter wheat can happen where buffalo once roamed on the northern Great Plains, but growers there also can be robbed by the grassy invader, cheatgrass. Paul McCarty, at Pierre, S.D., says his family has seen both sides on their land since the late 1970s. He’s one of many South Dakota winter wheat growers who have gained the upper hand on cheatgrass, also known as downy brome, since 2008. “We’ve had our best winter wheat yields ever here the last few years,” McCarty says. McCarty’s father, Richard, started growing winter wheat after he bought land in central South Dakota in 1979. Cheatgrass already was on site. It had arrived on the Great Plains in the 1800s. Paul McCarty says, “The cheatgrass, like I say, has always been a problem. Before when we were winter wheat/fallow, or winter wheat/winter wheat/fallow, it seemed like we couldn’t break that cycle. We could never get rid of the grasses.” Paul took the farm into no-till farming and a continuous four-crop rotation in the early 1990s, after he graduated from Montana State University. He introduced two more crops into the mix – corn and sunflowers. Among other things, the four-year rotation gave him new weed control options. Corn and sunflowers will occupy about half of the McCarty farm in 2012. He continues to grow wheat and 4,000 to 5,000 acres of winter wheat in a typical year. Powerful wide-spectrum weed control options came along with the corn and sunflowers. He learned to put on atrazine for a season-long grassy weed burnoff ahead of drilling in a Roundup Ready corn. The next year he plants sunflowers and continues his grass control with Spartan®. “That combination really cleans the fields up. By the time we grow spring wheat, the weeds are pretty much controlled,” he says. The fourth crop, winter wheat, remained a battlefront. McCarty would harvest his spring wheat, use glyphosate to burn off weeds and try to keep the fields clean until he could drill winter wheat in September. A few days before that fall seeding, he would burn off weeds once again with glyphosate.
About the time his winter wheat was sprouting, shoots of cheatgrass would appear. Cheatgrass is a prolific seed producer. It usually germinates in the fall and overwinters as a seedling. It develops extensive roots that can pull the soil moisture out to a depth of about 24 inches. When it gets active in spring, one plant can produce 300 seeds. It can be as tall as a wheat field, but a single plant that’s two inches tall also can go to seed. Cheatgrass seeds will stay viable in the soil for five years, and longer if they’re in dry conditions.
“ We were up in the 90s (for yield) and we actually hit 100-bushel averages on some fields.” – Paul McCarty “If it came up in the fall, we would wait and say, ‘we’ll take care of it in the spring.’ Spring would come, and we’d throw on PowerFlex® or something, to try to control it,” McCarty says. But delayed control was a losing gamble. He says now, “If we don’t control it in spring, cheatgrass can take over. You get a flush that just takes that yield completely down.”
�� Pre-Pare for cheatgrass Agronomists with Midwest Cooperative at Pierre suggested McCarty try a new product in the fall of 2008 for managing his weed control in winter wheat. The product was Pre-Pare, a dry granular formulation from Arysta LifeScience that he could throw into the tank with his glyphosate. He treated one field that fall with the mix of glyphosate and Pre-Pare. The burnoff worked immediately, as usual, but the new product remained in the soil to provide residual control of cheatgrass. The new winter wheat stayed clean. “We could see that first treatment really helped. If we have a cheat problem, if we’re spraying Pre-Pare and have a skip, you can notice the difference. You can see the cheat where we haven’t got it sprayed. Yeah, it definitely helps,” he says. ��
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Pre-Pare worked in the fall to take out the first flush of germinating cheatgrass. His winter wheat shot up in the spring, closed the canopy and never looked back. Neither did McCarty – he put Pre-Pare on all his winter wheat acres in 2009, and come spring, he wasn’t disappointed. For that 2010 crop of winter wheat, everything seemed to work together. Rains were timely. Weeds were under control. Temperatures were moderate. And, the crop stayed healthy with the help of a fungicide. It became his best crop, ever. “We were up in the 90s (for yield) and we actually hit 100-bushel averages on some fields,” he says. The next year’s crop (2011) “was also very good, but just not as good. The yield was up toward the 70s. “The last two years, we’ve thrown it (Pre-Pare) on every acre of winter wheat that we’ve got planted, just for peace of mind. The cheatgrass has been suppressed enough that we haven’t had a problem,” McCarty says. “In spring, we haven’t had to do anything. We’ve had clean, clean fields.”
�� Retailer sees Pre-Pare as important, economical tool Until Pre-Pare came along, winter wheat growers in the northern Great Plains really didn’t have any fall-applied chemistry that was labeled for residual activity on cheatgrass, says Dan Haberling, sales manager, Midwest Cooperative at Pierre, S.D. Now, however, the longer-lasting activity of Pre-Pare is proving to be very valuable to winter wheat growers. Cheatgrass isn’t the only tough weed in the area, but if there’s a heavy infestation in a field, burning down and then managing it in the fall with Pre-Pare is a good idea, Haberling says. “Pre-Pare is not the end-all, be-all, but when you’ve got a really tough field, it gives you another tool to manage that particular weed.” ❦
Make your first move PRE-PARE® Adding PRE-PARE® to your glyphosate burndown gives you residual control of the weeds that can pop up after the glyphosate stops working. Weeds like wild oats, green foxtail, and aggressive broadleaves that can all rob valuable nutrients and moisture from young wheat. Young wheat gets the head start it needs. You get the happy ending you deserve. For the whole story, visit www.preparefortheseason.com.
For a longer lasting burndown
Always read and follow label directions. PRE-PARE and the PRE-PARE logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. ©2012 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. PREU-132
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CropLife Roundup �� As part of Newground’s continuing look at how the CropLife America and CropLife Canada crop protection associations benefit growers, here are highlights of specific initiatives launched in recent months.
New CropLife America study measures impact A new economic impact report reveals that across the U.S., the increased crop production and resultant economic spin-offs that stem from the use of crop protection products generate $33 billion in wages for more than 1.05 million American workers. These jobs span beyond the farming industry to additional sectors, including manufacturing, food services, construction, transportation and more. The report, titled “The Contribution of Crop Protection Products to the U.S. Economy,” was compiled by agronomist and consultant Mark Goodwin using the resources of economists and agricultural sources within the U.S. government, and released by CropLife America in November. “Mark’s research looks at two incredibly important issues,” says Jay Vroom, president and CEO of CLA. “The health and direction of American agriculture, and the contribution of crop protection products to the productivity and efficiency of the American farmer. “While America continues to recover from overall staggering economic challenges and high unemployment levels, our farmers and ranchers stand poised as an important part of the solution,” Vroom says. “This report finds that when equipped with the best tools and resources, the agricultural community helps create well-paying jobs in the workplace through increased productivity and crop output.”
Data from the report, which is a snapshot as of November 2011, show that crop protection products increased the yield and quality of field crops to the tune of $51.4 billion in added crop value for U.S. producers. Moreover, every state received a positive economic spin-off from the use of crop protection products – directly bolstering state economies through added crop value and indirectly through more jobs and increased economic output across 20 industries. The report also found that crop inputs play a direct role in helping to keep food prices low, all the way to the grocery store. Plant science technologies lead to a 48-percent savings in overall grocery bills for fruits and vegetables for a family of four in the U.S. Finally, the report looked at the spin-off environmental impact of crop protection products, and found that crop inputs allow farmers to conserve land by maximizing their current fields and to engage in modern practices such as conservation tillage. U.S. farmers now produce four times as much field crops (wheat and corn) as they did in the early 1900s while keeping millions of acres for wildlife habitats. Due to conservation tillage, made possible through the use of herbicides, growers have saved 558 million gallons of fuel per year, equaling 2.075 billion pounds of carbon dioxide emissions. The report is available for download at www.croplifeamerica.org/economic-impact.
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Snapshot of how use of crop protection products benefits U.S. economy Spin-off impact across 20 industries
Direct impact to state from increased crop yield and quality
Increase in economic output Added jobs
Minnesota Montana North Dakota South Dakota
$4.71 billion $708.04 million $2.11 billion $1.22 billion
$9.67 billion $1.40 billion $3.76 billion $2.70 billion
45,437 11,297 15,220 8,593
Increase in payroll earnings
$1.72 billion $249.80 million $618.62 million $340.02 million
Source: “The Contribution of Crop Protection Products to the United States Economy,” November 2011. CropLife America.
CropLife Canada: Education and efficiency CropLife Canada and the Ontario Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs have partnered to develop two educational videos on pesticide application best management practices in an effort to educate growers and applicators, and, ultimately, reduce the incidents of spray drift. This is a new initiative that has been undertaken with current application equipment for both the row-crop and horticultural sectors. “This is a prime example of industry and government coming together and taking proactive steps to reduce spray drift. Industry is committed to using innovative new approaches to improving product stewardship,” says Lorne Hepworth, president of CropLife Canada. Pesticide spray drift has become a prominent issue in recent years. Hepworth says both the crop protection industry and the farm community take it very seriously, recognizing that even extremely low amounts of spray drift can impact sensitive crops, human habitats or environmentally-sensitive areas. The first video – “What is Spray Drift?” – highlights the various causes of spray drift. The second video –“Equipment and Methods to Reduce Spray Drift” – focuses on how applicators can modify equipment to reduce spray drift. Visual demonstrations in the videos use dyes and night spraying to show what drift actually looks like. The videos describe the newest and best practices in pesticide applications, and will be made available
to educators, pesticide safety organizations, sprayer manufacturers and retailers, agrichemical companies and agricultural associations. To view the videos or learn more about spray drift, visit: www.ontario.ca/spraydrift.
�� New project to streamline supply chain Canada’s crop protection industry has called upon a nonprofit business consortium, AgGateway, to facilitate a new project called Crop Protection Canada Connectivity (CPCC) to electronically link crop protection product manufacturers, distributors and retailers to improve order-to-invoice processes, product information traceability and cost savings. “The CPCC project represents a major step forward for the crop protection industry in Canada. By streamlining its supply chain and moving toward more effective traceability of product information, project participants will see significant operational efficiencies that will likely also translate into considerable savings,” says Rod Conner, president and CEO of AgGateway. CropLife Canada has endorsed the project, which hopes to build on AgGateway’s successful and proven approach already in use in the U.S. crop protection industry. AgGateway is a non-profit consortium of businesses working to help member companies improve productivity and service by streamlining and standardizing electronic business communications. ❦
Photo courtesy of Buhler Industries Inc.
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Everest 2.0 helped North Dakota growers in a wet year
For many North Dakota spring wheat growers, last season was defined by too much water – flooding out some fields altogether and delaying when drills and spray rigs could get into others.
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Newground made a trip in January to ask growers how they managed weed control under those challenging conditions, and learned that new generation Everest 2.0 Herbicide was a bright spot in a rainy spring. For Lee Simon, who farms with his dad and is an independent farm consultant at Oberon, N.D., the first challenge was “just trying to get the crop in the ground.” Then, it was a big issue getting weed control on the fields, but he said he and his grower clients benefited from the flexibility of when Everest 2.0 could be applied.
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Simon says in his area, pigeon grass (green/yellow foxtail) is an even bigger issue than wild oats. He says he believes tank-mixing with WideMatch® and Affinity® BroadSpec increases the activity of Everest 2.0 on pigeon grass and yellow foxtail and “pretty much handles everything.” For U.S. growers, another ideal tank-mix partner for Everest 2.0 would be Supremacy® Herbicide from Arysta LifeScience. The multiple modes of action in Supremacy® tackle more than 70 broadleaf weeds in all types of wheat plus barley, oats and triticale.
“The application window for (Everest) 2.0 has gotten wider,” he says. “In the past, I had to switch people out of Everest, and put them on something else, because the weeds got too far along.”
Another positive about Everest 2.0 the growers say they appreciate is it gives them a herbicide that is both effective on weeds and belongs to a different chemical family than many of the other products they use.
In 2011, Simon used and recommended Everest 2.0 on nearly every acre of wheat with confidence.
“There’s been resistance showing up all over,” Simon says. “I’ve got guys that grow a lot of barley and wheat, and it’s Everest 2.0 on every acre of wheat. It’s good to get that different mode of action, because resistance is real, and it’s going to get worse.”
�� Crop-rotation flexibility a plus “I really like the new formulation, because of the ease of handling and the safety on wheat,” he says. And as a grower of corn, edible beans, soybeans, wheat and barley in varying rotations, he says “one nice thing is flexibility with rotation. Following Everest 2.0, I can pretty much go with any of the crops I’m currently growing.” Steve Buckweitz, manager of Alsen Farmers Elevator at Alsen, N.D., agrees. “As a retailer, most of our (customer) acres are spring wheat/canola. With Everest 2.0, you don’t have to worry about going back to canola after wheat, so that’s pretty important.” In terms of how well Everest 2.0 works, Buckweitz says, “Wild oat control is tremendous. We’ve never had to respray because Everest didn’t get the second flush. It does what it’s supposed to do. And the nice thing about it, too, is the tank-mixability.”
�� Crop safety improved John Odland of Velva, N.D., was one of the growers from western North Dakota who gathered in Minot to discuss his experience with Everest 2.0. Currently, he grows wheat, sunflowers and flax, and put in winter wheat for the first time last year. He relates how he had used the previous formulation of Everest that didn’t contain the safener. “I guess the main thing I didn’t like about it then was you couldn’t spray it when the crop got bigger. And we had some yellow crop. I’ve been told it’s cosmetic and it’ll grow out of it, but it stinks to drive by for a week and see it standing there.” ��
Above, left to right: Joel Newman, Steve Buckweitz, Paul Thomas, Lee Simon, John Odland.
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Last year, he learned that New Everest 2.0 has a wider application window and a built-in safener. “I guess I got pretty excited about using it, mainly because we always use the same chemistry (Group 1), like on the sunflowers and the flax … To avoid resistance in the future, that’s why I wanted to use Everest again.”
“Wild oat control is tremendous. It does what it’s supposed to do.” – Steve Buckweitz Odland says when he used Everest 2.0 in 2011, “I don’t know if I was lucky or what, but I had the cleanest fields. All my crops were so clean all the way to harvest. I can’t say that’s all because of the Everest 2.0, but I didn’t have any grass problems or other weed issues.” He says he tank-mixed it with MCPA ester and WideMatch and “sprayed everything the same. So I was very happy with it.” Joel Newman from Sawyer, N.D., who grows both spring and winter wheat, sunflowers and flax and plans to move into more corn and soybeans, says “last year in our area was a tough year to say that a chemical worked well or not, because of excess moisture and poor crop stands. Last year is one you should have left the drill in the yard, for the most part.” That being said, Newman says that on the acres where he did apply Everest 2.0 last year, he could see that “crop safety has been improved. The crops stayed green.”
�� Grower sprays every spring wheat acre with Everest 2.0 Paul Thomas farms east of Velva, N.D., growing wheat, corn, soybeans, sunflowers, barley, peas, lentils, canola and dry beans. Here’s his report: “We sprayed actually all our spring wheat acres with Everest 2.0. I’ve used Everest ever since it first came out. Even before Everest 2.0, maybe I was lucky, but I never had problems with crop flashing or crop burn, or anything like that. I’ve had good luck with the Everest products, so when they came out with the formulation of this crop-safe one, we sprayed every acre of spring wheat with it.” Thomas says that he was concerned early on about one of his nicer fields of wheat, because after the herbicide treatment with Everest 2.0, it appeared to kill everything (in terms of
weeds). “I had a flush of pigeon grass (green/yellow foxtail) that came, it seemed, right after I sprayed it, across the whole field.” Because the field was a long way away from the farm, he didn’t scout it often. But when he returned to the field a couple of weeks later, the grassy weeds were gone. “There was also a tremendous crop canopy there too, so there is probably a little credit there too, as well as the Everest 2.0,” he says. “I had good luck with it.” ❦
new EVEREST 2.0. relentless on weeds. easy on wheat. ®
New Everest® 2.0 has an advanced formulation with safener technology that makes it super selective for unsurpassed crop safety while giving you long-lasting control of green foxtail, wild oats, cheatgrass and other tough weeds regardless of conditions. It’s highly concentrated, so you’ll use less product. And with a wider crop window of application, nothing is easier to use. Everest 2.0. What a difference one generation can make.
RELENTLESS ON WEEDS
EASY ON WHEAT
WIDE WINDOW OF APPLICATION
TREAT MORE WITH LESS
INCREASED YIELD POTENTIAL
To learn more, visit www.everest2-0.com Always read and follow label directions. EVEREST and the EVEREST 2.0 logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. ©2012 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. ESTU-095
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Gluten testing moves to forefront
New end uses create need for new ways to test wheat quality.
The end uses of wheat seem to diversify more each day – driven by health recommendations for whole grains, the gluten-free segment, the new world of ‘functional foods’ and fast-growing markets for thinner, ethnic breads.
Further up the wheat pipeline, these changes are increasing the need for quicker and more specific ways to measure key wheat quality factors such as gluten strength and extensibility. As new testing tools emerge, wheat breeders will be better able to screen new varieties to match gluten and other milling and baking characteristics with end uses. For decades, wheat varieties in Canada have been shaped through Canadian Wheat Board protocols for their end-use markets. In both the United States and Canada, plant
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breeders have measured the end-use chemistry of new wheat genetics with equipment that was developed before computers became household appliances. As a result, current wheat quality tests lack information on gluten development and classification of gluten protein quality between varieties, types and growing season. It is common to expect year-to-year variations in protein quality, but there is a need to find a simple process for measuring the actual change.
�� New uses call for new tests In the research pipeline in Ontario, protocols for using a new German gluten-testing instrument called the Gluten Peak Tester (GPT) were published by the Journal of Food Quality in December 2011. The GPT works as a high-speed mixer for a flour sample mixed with water. Gluten quality can be measured in less than 10 minutes with less than a tablespoon of flour. The GPT protocol, developed at the University of Guelph, tests gluten quality accurately and quickly, and can be very useful in the early stages of wheat breeding programs with small samples, according to Dr. Koushik Seetharaman, food scientist at the university. This research will directly benefit wheat breeders as a screening tool to classify protein quality early in a breeding program (second or third generation of crossing). “The availability of such an analytical tool will greatly benefit players from across the value chain,” says Louise Jacques-O’Hare, president of the Ontario Cereal Industry Research Council, which is leading the GPT-use project with funding from the Canadian Agricultural Adaptation Program. “It will help breeders select varieties for good protein quality, millers as they blend flours, and processors, who will verify the flour quality before it is used in the end product for consumers.”
�� Gluten: Strength vs. stretch Several American universities are developing new methods for testing the functional quality of wheat, with the aid of funding through the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the company Perten Instruments AB, according to Brett Carver, Oklahoma State University wheat breeder and chair of the U.S. National Wheat Improvement Committee. “We’re spending time trying to moderate the emphasis on gluten strength without compromising previous progress,” Carver says. Gluten strength has been a primary characteristic in the wheat market. It’s the defining difference between ‘hard’ wheat for bread-making and ‘soft’ wheat for cookies and cakes. In bakeries, it provides mechanical strength for dough to be handled rapidly by machines. Strong gluten makes strong dough, but a second factor, closely related, needs to be in the selection process for breeders. Extensibility, the ability of dough to be stretched without immediately contracting, is an emerging need for the fastest-growing segment of wheat consumption –
At left is the Gluten Peak Tester used in new quality test protocols by the University of Guelph. At right is cereal chemist Dr. Patricia Rayas-Duarte of Oklahoma State University with the prototype compression-recovery instrument used to test the extensibility of gluten.
markets for thinner or flatter breads like chapata or ciabatta, tortilla and pizza dough. “Extensibility and strength don’t always associate positively,” Carver says. Crackers are a good example, says Clay Sneller, soft wheat breeder at Ohio State University. “If there’s any trend at all in soft wheat, there is interest today in putting our soft wheat into two categories, strong gluten or weak gluten. A strong gluten soft wheat wouldn’t replace everything, but it would be very good for making crackers. There are some strong gluten soft wheats, and they really are ideal for making crackers.” In Canada, too, breeders are seeking improvements for changing end uses, says Stephen Fox, wheat breeder, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada, Winnipeg. “As for where we’re going with wheat quality, I think nutrition is going to be important,” Fox says. “I think there’s going to be more engineering of food, not less. And, outside of Canada, nearly everybody else is going for more gluten strength. If your gluten is stronger, it allows you to do more things, and you can get away with a little less protein. “For example, you can do whole-grain bread because you’ve got enough mechanical strength in your loaf to support all those additional items that don’t contribute to the structure of your bread.” Cornell University in New York has developed a new twostep test for gluten that stretches a sample and then lets go and measures the recovery. We couldn’t do that with traditional instruments, and it works with small samples, OSU’s Carver says. Once that compression recovery instrument is adopted widely for research and for use in commercial food labs, it will enable breeders to develop varieties with ‘universal’ applications and perhaps facilitate the restructuring of wheat classes to better suit end-use needs. “Our grain chain is looking for a quicker, more realistic test of quality that can please and honor requests of the buyers,” Carver says. “You’ll see this being adopted in breeding programs from Saskatoon to Amarillo.” ❦
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Growers count down their Top 10 broadleaf weed problems In an annual survey of herbicide use to tackle weed pests in small grains, spring wheat growers in the Northern Plains report targeting a broad range of broadleaf weeds.
�� Top 10 broadleaf weeds in spring wheat
As the chart on this page shows, kochia topped the list based on the number of acres growers say they treated post-emergence to control it in 2011 – not surprising given its prevalence, its hairy leaves and pervasive Group 2 herbicide-resistant populations. Kochia was followed by the mustards, Canada thistle and wild buckwheat. The sum of the percentages for the 10 weeds far exceeds 100 percent, because most growers are trying to control several different weed species on the same acre.
As reported by producers in Minnesota, Montana, North Dakota and South Dakota. Percentage of herbicide brand acres treated to target each weed.
According to Kent Fraser of Stratus Agri-Marketing, the firm conducting the study, while some weeds are a problem on more acres, growers said they look at the overall performance and weed spectrum of the treatments when deciding what to use. For example, he says, growers named the hard-to-control perennial Canada thistle as being a very important weed to control, even if it may only appear in patches in a field. Canada thistle, at No. 3 in acres, is followed closely by wild buckwheat, Russian thistle, pigweed and lamb’s-quarters. Field bindweed, redroot pigweed and ragweed complete the Top 10 list.
37.3% Canada thistle
35.7% Wild buckwheat
20.5% Russian thistle
15.7% Field bindweed
12.5% Redroot pigweed
The survey asked which product the grower used, how many acres the grower sprayed and which weeds the grower was trying to control. Given both the range of weeds found in spring wheat and the hard-to-control nature of Canada thistle, wild buckwheat and other specific weeds growers battle, it can be advantageous to use a product that can provide broad-spectrum and resistance-fighting control in one jug. Supremacy Herbicide, introduced in April 2011 by Arysta LifeScience, offers growers post-emergence control, croprotation freedom and a wide window of application. The power of Supremacy is in its unique, proprietary formulation, which gives growers the power of three active ingredients in one granule: fluroxypyr, thifensulfuron and tribenuron. The result is two modes of action that make Supremacy effective against more than 70 broadleaf weeds including hard-to-control weeds like wild buckwheat, Canada thistle seedlings and all types of kochia, including ALS-resistant/glyphosate-resistant strains. “Supremacy is one of the few products that has good activity on field bindweed,” says Chad Effertz, Arysta LifeScience Herbicide Development Manager. “Supremacy controls or suppresses most of the Top 10 weeds plus many more, with exceptional crop safety and excellent tank-mixability, and you can plant any crop after 120 days.” ❦
Percentages based on total acres of post-emergence broadleaf herbicides applied in MN, MT, ND and SD in 2011-crop spring wheat, as reported by 447 producers between May 2011 and August 2011, and weighted to the universe of crop acres in each state as reported by USDA. Source: “Brand Use, Health & Image Study, Cereal Herbicides, USA 2011,” Stratus Agri-Marketing Inc. All photos except Russian thistle and redroot pigweed by Pamela B. Trewatha, Missouri State University.
Always read and follow label directions. Contact your state pesticide regulatory agency to determine if this product is registered for sale or use in your state. SUPREMACY and the SUPREMACY logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. ÂŠ2012 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. SUP-004
Even the toughest weeds don’t stand a chance against new cross-spectrum RAZE®. With multiple modes of action, it takes down the most resistant grass and broadleaf weeds in wheat, including green foxtail, wild oats and kochia, and keeps them down. RAZE destroys weeds but is gentle on wheat, with built-in safener technology. And it’s easy to use, with a wide application window and tank-mix flexibility. The future of weed control is here. And its name is RAZE. ®
w w w. r a z e h e r b i c i d e . c o m
Always read and follow label directions. RAZE and the RAZE logo are trademarks of Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. Arysta LifeScience and the Arysta LifeScience logo are registered trademarks of Arysta LifeScience Corporation. ©2012 Arysta LifeScience North America, LLC. RAZ-001
Newground Spring Issue