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FALL 2013 | VOL. 3 | NO. 1

North Kawartha Galway-Cavendish and Harvey

Apsley HavelockBelmontMethuen

Curve Lake First Nation 35

Smith EnnismoreLakefield




Peterborough CavanMillbrook North Monaghan

Otonabee-South Monaghan

Hiawatha First Nations

SMALL WORLD In business, relationship is key. That’s why Peterborough turns to its immigrants to attract new investments through their global networks

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12 CLICK Citizenship Ceremony

14 COVER STORY Mayor Daryl Bennett takes pride in the city of Peterborough’s diversity and its “willingness to embrace diversity.”


Peterborough City is in talks with its immigrant entrepreneurs. Their talking point: in today’s highly interconnected society, perhaps the web of connections that immigrants have with every corner of the world could stimulate trade between Peterborough and other global economies

NEWS DIGEST National 9 Biometric data

Visa applicants from certain countries are now required to provide their biometric data under a new Citizenship and Immigration Canada regulation.

Peterborough 10 PPCII conference

The Peterborough Partnership Council on Immigrant Integration is hosting its third “Together We Prosper” conference on November 5, 2013 with the theme, “The Diversity Advantage.”

HEALTH 11 Poor English, poor health

Immigrants with persistently limited language proficiency report a pattern of deteriorating health over time, according to a new Statistics Canada study. 4


ADVERTORIALS 21 Fleming College

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Peterborough is continuing its strides to make the city a more welcoming community for newcomers, making diversity and inclusivity a priority as it charts the course of its future.

OBITUARY 27 John Ganley

John Ganley was a giant of a man. He was a hero, for instance, to many Jamaicans, who fondly called him “Gandhi” and loved him as one of their own. He first came to Jamaica in 1975 on a two-year Canadian International Development Agency-sponsored program. He had been back there countless of times, touching so many lives along the way.

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29 5

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115 years – and still connecting

One hundred and fifteen years. That’s how long we’ve been helping local homes and businesses to stay in touch with their everexpanding world. From our modest beginning as Millbrook’s first telephone service, we’ve grown into one of the largest suppliers of telephone, Internet, and security systems in the Kawarthas. But we couldn’t have done it without your support. Since that day in 1898 when our switchboard operator first connected two parties, we’ve never forgotten that our success depends upon giving you friendly, reliable service. And that’s something we will remember, well into the future. We’re proud to be a part of this community, and we’re honoured to have served you for 115 years. We look forward to keeping you connected for many more.

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MEDIAPLUS VILLAGE Unit LL5, 311 George Street North Peterborough, ON K9J 3H3 Phone: (705) 772-7172 EDITORIAL



nless you are in the healthcare or software business, chances are you haven’t heard of Quantros. The company makes software that helps to prevent medical errors; it was founded in 1996 by an Indian doctor, Sanjaya Kumar, an immigrant to the United States, arriving in 1992. When he needed guidance and cash to develop and take his product to the market, he turned to TiE (short for The Indus Entrepreneurs), a global network of entrepreneurs from South Asia. He found the support that he needed from Vish Mishra, an Indian-American venture capitalist. And, as people often say, the rest is history. Now, more than 2,000 American hospitals use the services of Quantros; it has also expanded to India – thanks to a partnership forged with an Indian software firm run by a friend of one of Dr. Kumar’s Indian-American executives in California. OK, Dr. Kumar is an immigrant to the United States, not to Canada. But that’s exactly the point: Canada did not seem to have caught on the trend of the diaspora networks playing a larger role in the worldwide economy. Dr. Kumar relied on his own ethnic network at every major phase in the life of his business – from prototype development to business expansion. Today, the company rakes in $25 million in annual revenue and employs 50 people. The Mowat Centre, an independent and non-partisan public policy think tank based in the University of Toronto, is leading a public discussion on how in today’s highly interconnected global society “immigrant 6


communities act as diaspora networks – international networks of shared identity – which . . . can play a larger role in the global economy.” “The mental maps we use to understand immigration need to change,” its study titled Diaspora Nation states. Right now, according to the centre’s director, Matthew Mendelsohn, “we are still trapped in the 1970s.” Having ranked No. 5 in the world in the number of immigrants, and given its successful history with diversity and accommodation, “Canada is particularly well-placed to benefit from the growing importance of diaspora networks,” the report said. BUSINESS MEETING Having said what I said, I am proud of the initiative of the city of Peterborough, led by Councillor Dean Pappas, who chairs the city council’s diversity portfolio, to host a roundtable business meeting with its immigrant entrepreneurs on September 19, 2013 – a precursor to a bigger meeting planned in the spring of 2014. (Read our cover story on Pages 14-18.) The meeting gathered the thoughts of a bunch of people who have come from great distances with their suitcases and dreams and have chosen to settle in Peterborough. Ultimately, the point in having the meeting was to lay the groundwork for a business-attraction strategy with the city’s successful immigrant entrepreneurs acting as business ambassadors to their network of friends or family members in or outside of Canada and with a stash of cash to invest in Peterborough. Peterborough is open for business, Mayor Daryl Bennett said. n



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I wish other public libraries will follow suit and also develop their own ESL collections

Language barrier


I picked up a copy of the summer 2013 issue of the Newcomer Bulletin at the Newcomers Fair in Toronto. Your magazine is very well done; it is chock full of information on a variety of topics of interest to immigrants. Congratulations. I am so pleased to read that Northumberland County is taking big steps in trying to attract newcomers. My family and I, together with our friends, usually visit Cobourg in the summer months to enjoy its very nice beach. Muneer Najeeb Toronto

Every newcomer, who is a second speaker of English, should read Erika Mazza’s story. When newcomers like Erika are supported, they succeed and are able to contribute to their communities. Language is a barrier for many newcomers. If it had not been for English conversation classes, where I met new friends, I would not have gained the confidence to come to interviews and talk about my experience and qualifications. Alyssa Lee Scarborough

Something unique

The cover story of the summer 2013 issue of the Newcomer Bulletin has got me to thinking about the importance of creating a

welcoming environment for newcomers in rural communities. Northumberland County is competing with other communities in Ontario, and there are obviously big cities, where immigrants usually congregate because these cities supposedly “have everything.” Come to think of it: not one community really has everything. A community only needs to have “something” – something unique and something different. Geeta Sanu Port Hope

Leaving home I really enjoyed the articles of Chen Rao. I realize that she is a Peterborough resident but is attending a university in London. I wish you could also highlight in your future issues the experiences of parents – specifically, as they prepare themselves when their children leave home to attend college or university far away from home. Alain Ho Toronto


I am so glad that the Cobourg Public Library has now an ESL collection. I wish other public libraries will follow suit and also develop their own ESL collections.

I was very happy to see the immigrants in their beautiful national dress during the Canada Day parade in Cobourg. I was one of those who cheered when they passed by. I will be joining them in next year’s parade.

Leslie Munroe Cobourg

A.D. Beatty Cobourg

ESL materials




Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander welcomes first immigrants under the new Federal Skilled Trades Program

Canada receives first immigrants under new skilled-trades stream


ric Byrne, 31, a plumber, and Paul Lyttle, 29, an electrician, are one of the first successful permanent residents under the Federal Skilled Trades Program, which was launched in January 2013. Both are from Ireland. As many as 3,000 skilled tradespeople are expected to be accepted in 2013 under the new program. Two ceremonies were held simultaneously in Thornhill, Ontario and Calgary to officially welcome Mr. Byrne, who works at Toronto-based University Plumbing & Heating Ltd, and Mr. Lyttle, who has been working for Calgarybased Unitech Electrical Contracting Inc. since June 2012. Mr. Byrne’s application was processed in three months and that of Mr. Lyttle, four months. “Our government remains focused on job creation, economic growth and long-term prosperity,” said Citizenship and Immigration Minister

Chris Alexander. “The new Federal Skilled Trades Program enables us to attract and retain skilled workers so we can address regional labour shortages and strengthen Canada’s economy.” Mr. Lyttle said: “Relocating to Canada was the right decision for me, both personally and professionally. I’m grateful for the opportunity to stay in Canada permanently. I can now start making longterm plans.” Mr. Byrne, who first arrived in Toronto in early 2011 through the International Experience Canada Program, which allows foreigners between the ages of 18 and 35 to travel and work in Canada, said, “Canada is a great country and the people here have been exceptionally warm and welcoming.” So far, successful applicants under the Federal Skilled Trades Program have originated from countries including India, Lithuania, Latvia and Germany, in addition to Ireland. n

$275 fee slapped on employers


he federal government has announced the introduction of a $275 processing fee for every temporary foreign worker an employer wishes to hire in a spate of changes to the Temporary Foreign Worker Program that, according to Citizenship and Immigration Minister Chris Alexander, was “aimed at giving qualified



Canadians . . . the first crack at available jobs.” The new fee took effect starting July 31, 2013. New advertising rules also kicked in starting August 31, 2013, requiring employers to advertise a position for four weeks, instead of two. n


CIC speeding up citizenship decisions


itizenship and Immigration Canada is taking action to reduce citizenship grant wait times by decreasing its inventory of dormant applications. Measures are being taken for applicants who do not show up for their scheduled citizenship test or interview. After a missed test or interview, applicants will be reminded in a final notice to contact CIC to provide a reasonable cause for not showing up. If the applicant provides a reasonable cause for missing their appointment, CIC will reschedule their test or interview. They will be given two opportunities over three months to provide a reasonable cause. Otherwise, their application will be closed. Some examples of reasonable


cause for missing a scheduled test or interview include: being away to care for a dying parent; n inability to appear as a result of health constraints following an illness or accident; or n waiting for the arrival of documents requested from a third-party. n

CIC sends notices to the applicant’s most-recent known address. Applicants are responsible for keeping their contact information with CIC up-to-date. Applicants can change their address online. Applicants whose files have been closed will have to re-submit a new application if they are still interested in obtaining Canadian citizenship. n

CIC requires biometric data from certain visa applicants

isa applicants from certain countries will be required to give their biometrics under a new Citizenship and Immigration Canada regulation. As of the dates below, citizens of the following countries and territory have to give their biometrics (fingerprints and photo) when they apply for a visitor visa, study permit, or work permit. n Country

Effective date

Afghanistan Albania Algeria Bangladesh Burma (Myanmar) Cambodia Colombia Democratic Republic of Congo Egypt Eritrea Haiti Iran Iraq Jamaica Jordan Laos Lebanon Libya Nigeria Pakistan Palestinian Authority Saudi Arabia Somalia South Sudan Sri Lanka Sudan Syria Tunisia Vietnam Yemen

December 11 October 23 October 23 December 11 December 11 December 11 September 4 October 23 December 11 October 23 September 4 December 11 December 11 September 4 December 11 December 11 December 11 October 23 October 23 December 11 December 11 October 23 October 23 October 23 December 11 October 23 December 11 October 23 December 11 December 11

For faster family reuniďŹ cation, Citizenship and Immigration Canada has introduced Super Visas for parents and grandparents of Canadian citizens or permanent residents in Canada. Super Visa applicants must have Canadian medical coverage for at least one year and a minimum of $100,000 in coverage. Ask me about travel insurance for Super Visa applicants and get a free quote.

Eileen Madder, CFP, EPC Financial Advisor 175 George Street North Peterborough, ON (705) 874-9355




Together We Prosper conference scheduled on November 5 Born in St. George’s, Grenada, Ms. Augustine was a qualified teacher when she arrived in Canada in 1959 but had to work as a domestic and shoe clerk before earning an Ontario Teacher’s Certificate. In 1993, she became the first black woman to be elected to the Parliament of Canada. In March 2007, she became the first Fairness Commissioner for the province of Ontario.

Canada World Youth volunteers perform during the 2011 Together We Prosper conference


he Peterborough Partnership Council on Immigrant Integration will be hosting its third “Together We Prosper” conference on November 5, 2013, from 8:30am to 5:30pm, at the Holiday Inn Peterborough. The conference banners the theme, “The Diversity Advantage” and aims to share strategies and best practices for attracting and integrating global talent from all walks of life. The topics addressed at the conference will benefit businesspeople, decision-makers, educators, social and health service providers, international


Together We Prosper Conference November 5, 2013 Holiday Inn Peterborough

and domestic students, parents, and new Canadians or naturalized Canadians who are looking to enhance their professional development. The conference will feature a keynote presentation by Hon. Jean Augustine.

Other presentations include the “HireSmart: Putting Global Talent to Work” workshop and a panel on “Diversity in the @Ptbo_Canada Workplace.” Representatives from the Kingston, Sarnia-Lambton and Durham Local Immigration Partnerships will be also be sharing their experiences. Registration is $50 for PPCII members, $75 for non-PPCII members and $25 for students and unwaged. Registration fees include access to the keynote address and local research findings, all workshops and panel discussions, lunch and refreshments. The deadline to register is October 25, 2013. Those who register by October 11 will get a chance to win a one-night stay at the Holiday Inn Peterborough. n

More than 1,000 super visas issued every month: CIC data


ore than 20,000 super visas have been issued since the program’s launch in December 2011, according to Citizenship and Immigration Canada data. With over 1,000 being issued monthly, the super visas have become one of CIC’s most popular programs. The approval rate remains high at 85%. The super visa is a multiple-entry visa valid for up to 10 years, while

offering holders the option of staying in Canada for up to two years at a time.

most 99% of super-visa applicants who met these requirements were approved.

Applicants for the super visa must provide proof that the host child or grandchild meets a minimum income level, demonstrate that they have purchased comprehensive Canadian medical insurance and undergo the immigration medical examination. To date, al-

“We understand that what families want most is to spend more time with their loved ones,” said Citizenship, Immigration and Multiculturalism Minister Jason Kenney. “The parent and grandparent super visa is yet another way the government is bringing families together.” n

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Aziza and Mohammad Mohammadzada with their kids – Fisal, left, and Fardos


English-language proficiency – “no English, no friends, no life,” she said.

Mohammad Mohammadzada is a coffee drinker. So, one day, not long after he and his family came to Peterborough in October 2002 from Afghanistan, he tried Tim Hortons. With his limited English-speaking ability, placing an order proved to be a huge challenge. “They said things like ‘double-double,’ but I didn’t understand,” he recalled. “I only knew coffee.” He was served up black coffee, which he found too strong. He dumped it then left.

So, the couple, who immigrated with their five children, took LINC (Language Instruction for New Canadians) classes at Fleming College. That became a turning point in their lives. As a result of their newly acquired English skills, Aziza said: “I feel more confident. I feel happy. Now I have friends. I am not depressed anymore.”


was a truck driver in Afghanistan. But here I had nothing – no friends, no job. I was in a very difficult situation because I was 53 years old. I was so stressed out,” said Mr. Mohammadzada, who, to this day, does not like to answer the phone.

“I was very sad during that time. I was sick for two years. I was crying all the time.”

His wife, Aziza, who managed to land a job at a restaurant, also struggled at her workplace, hardly able to carry out instructions from her boss. “I was trying very hard, but I simply didn’t understand,” she said.

In an effort to ease her depression, Aziza returned to Afghanistan three times on scheduled visits before finally settling down in Peterborough. For Aziza, her bout with depression largely stemmed from a lack of

Depression ultimately set in, when the stress of moving to a new place became overwhelming.

STUDY Aziza’s experience is not an isolated one. A 2011 study by Statistics Canada threw a spotlight on the connection between language proficiency and self-reported health among immigrants who arrived in Canada in 2000 and 2001. The study tracks their health condition as well as their level of English or French consistently after six months, two years and four years of living in Canada. FALL 2013 | NEWCOMER BULLETIN



Dr. Bharat Maini

The study finds that while immigrants generally arrive in good health, an estimated 2% of men and 4% of women reported poor health six months after arrival. After four years, more than twice of men and nearly three times of women reported having poor health. The rate of poor health increased more for those with persistently limited language proficiency, the study shows. According to the study, limited language proficiency could influence health by impairing access to health services, creating economic difficulties, and reducing social participation. Language proficiency and health are very related, explains Dr. Bharat Maini, an anesthesiologist at the Peterborough Regional Health Centre (PRHC). “Not being able to speak a language can cause depression and high levels of stress – it can lead to cases of strong anxiety and, of course, you’ll feel ill. Your heart rate rises, which 12


can also worsen whatever previous condition you may have,” he said. Dr. Maini said a language problem may also complicate “the transfer of vital information between the patient and the doctor.”

I was trying very hard, but I simply didn’t understand. I was very sad during that time. I was sick for two years. I was crying all the time. “A large number of immigrants that I’ve seen speak something that I call broken English. If a person can’t explain his or her symptoms properly you may come to a wrong diagnosis. Or you may emphasize something that is not important and miss the real problem just because you didn’t

understand the patient. As a result, your treatment may not help the person,” he said. In some cases, immigrants may be with a friend or a family member who acts as an interpreter for the doctor; it can be problematic too. “The biggest issue is confidentiality. The patient may not want to tell someone else what kind of disease he or she has,” Dr. Maini said. In a worst-case scenario, Dr. Maini said patients with a language barrier may become self-conscious about their limitations and stop trying to communicate. “I have had cases where the patients stop trying to explain their problems, and it seems that they will take whatever answer you give them.” Christine Post, health promoter at the Peterborough County-City Health Unit (PCCHU), said with the immigrant population in Peterborough growing, “we have been heavily noticing immigrants with a language barrier while doing tuberculosis tracings or working in our immunization programs.”

FEATURE HEALTH According to 2011 census data, Peterborough City has 5,510 residents whose mother tongue is not English.

said an ESL Forum committee has been created to work on an inventory of English programs and as part of an effort to improve the quality of language services and make Peterborough a more immigrant-friendly community.

Also, she added, “we have a program where we visit new moms in their homes. Due to the interaction needed during these visits, we notice how language barriers can limit access to health care.”

The committee has since identified a few gaps in the English programs.

Ms. Post also noticed that immigrants were not participating during a recent cancer-screening program. “Immigrants are under-screened, we think,” Ms. Post said. PROGRAMS PCCHU and PRHC have developed programs and protocols to deal with patients with limited English proficiency. “We’re in a phase where we’re aware of the situation and dealing with it and monitoring things so we can make those barriers as low as possible,” Ms. Post said. For instance, they have created literatures at Grade 6-8 level. “The idea was to make sure that the patient knew in advance how to ask all the questions he or she needed to ask, prepare a note with symptoms, or ask the doctor to draw an explanation of the medical problem. But what we wanted the most was to encourage people not to be shy and ask as many times as was needed,” Ms. Post said.

Antoinette VanVeen

My job is to make them feel a part of our community, as active and productive people who are able to take ownership of their lives again.

“Everybody in my class had a life before they came here. That is now gone. My job is to make them feel a part of our community, as active and productive people who are able to take ownership of their lives again,” she said.

“It’s not about creating the perfect phrase; it’s about being comfortable with yourself. Put yourself out there and talk to your neighbor. Talk with the store clerk if you need something and learn the words that are going to make your daily life easier. The rest will come with time. Independent people are people with dignity and courage,” she said. “You need to learn the language of your community.”

“The first step would be to call in people on the staff who speak the required language. If that is not possible, we try to use community resources – like asking the New Canadians Centre for an interpreter. People should also know that they can bring their medical information in their own language and get translations to English upon request, which is very useful for our doctors to follow medical histories,” she said.

Antoinette VanVeen, a LINC teacher at Fleming College since 1982, understands the importance of overcoming a language barrier.

The best way to learn English as a second language, according to Ms. VanVeen, is by making an effort to become part of the community.

Michelene Ough, communications advisor at PRHC, outlines the hospital’s strategy in dealing with immigrants with limited English-speaking ability.

Safo Musta, interim coordinator at the Peterborough Partnership Council on Immigrant Integration,

“Right now, we don’t have advanced classes for free, and most of the English programs are offered during the week. So, working people are unable to take the classes. Also, we only have two levels of LINC, which is imparted at Fleming College. But you can’t take the LINC class if you are a citizen, which affects immigrants who came in older age or parents that are joining thei­­­r kids,” Ms. Musta said.

For the Mohammadzada couple, their advice to other immigrants facing a language barrier is, “relax, find someone to help you learn the language and have fun.” Christine Post

They now own a 24-hour pizza store. n FALL 2013 | NEWCOMER BULLETIN



Peterborough City Mayor Daryl Bennett speaks before a group of immigrant entrepreneurs. The city’s business-attraction strategy involves tapping into the diaspora networks of its immigrant population.

SMALL WORLD From the podium, Peterborough City Mayor Daryl Bennett scanned the room, where a group of about 20 immigrant entrepreneurs was assembled, and quickly recognized a few familiar faces – people he said he had had crossed paths and done business with.


e pointed to a man seated on table No. 2 who the mayor said “dresses me for, well, many years.” He also acknowledged another on table No. 3 – Paschal McCloskey, an Irish-born immigrant who came to Canada in 1980 as a 26-year-old equipped with little else but hope and determination to start 14

a business based on his mechanical skills. Today, Mr. McCloskey presides over a multi-million global manufacturing business, the McCloskey International Ltd, which makes crushing, screening and recycling equipment at its production facilities in Peterborough and Northern Ireland.


The mayor, along with Councillor Dean Pappas, who chairs the city’s diversity portfolio, had called a meeting with a group of immigrant entrepreneurs on September 19, 2013, as Peterborough looks into the economic potential of the diaspora networks of its immigrant population. The theory is that the depths of connection that its immigrants have with every corner of the world can potentially engender trade and business activity between Peterborough and other global economies – resulting in fresh investments and jobs created. Mr. Bennett was as infused with pride at the dinner meeting as he was at a citizenship ceremony six

RELATED n Employers strive for

a diverse workforce, Page 18

n City looks to its fu-

ture, Pages 22-23

hours earlier at the Canadian Canoe Museum on Monaghan Road in which a total of 47 people took their oath as new Canadians. The mayor spoke about Peterborough’s diversity “and our willingness to embrace diversity.” “We are a people who understand that when we celebrate our diversity, we celebrate ourselves. The point is that we will find our success as a


We are a people who understand that when we celebrate our diversity, we celebrate ourselves A report on the meeting will be submitted to the city council, he said. Mr. Pappas had the support from the New Canadians Centre, the Peterborough Economic Development Corp. and the Greater Peterborough Chamber of Commerce in organizing the event.

Councillor Dean Pappas, left, and Mayor Daryl Bennett

nity in direct relation to our willingness to embrace diversity as an asset and to reject diversity as a liability,” he told the new Canadians and their families, who attended the ceremony. The basis of the conversation at the dinner meeting was a questionnaire that participants were asked to individually respond to. Participants were split into three groups, with facilita-

tors assigned to steer the discussion around the questionnaire and write down comments. “We asked some of the basic questions: What are we doing right – or wrong? Why are people choosing to locate their businesses in Peterborough?” Mr. Pappas said. “Let’s see where the report takes us. But, ultimately, I would like to see more growth in new Canadian-owned businesses.”

“We do have our own immigrant success stories in Peterborough,” said Michael VanDerHerberg, coordinator of the NCC’s Workplace Integration Program and one of the facilitators at the dinner meeting. “We want to build on those successes and experiences and let our immigrant entrepreneurs be our ambassadors in attracting more newcomer investors to Peterborough.” Sammy Shehadeh, a Middle Eastern immigrant whose investment portfolio in Peterborough in his more than two decades of living in the city includes real-estate development, property management, wireless telecom franchise, restaurants, spa, entertainment venues, and physical fitness club, agreed. He described the meeting as “a good start – that the city is recognizing the economic contribution of immigrants.”

Sammy Shehadeh


3,965 1,360 1,135 190 65

PERIOD OF IMMIGRATION Before 1971 1971 to 1980 1981 to 1990 1991 to 2000 2001 to 2011

3,130 895 830 845 1,020

Source: National Household Survey, Statistics Canada, 2011

immigrant entrepreneurs after the initial one. He said he hoped that the ideas shared in the meeting would eventually evolve into an official agenda that supports the city’s thrust of creating a competitive business climate for newcomers. However, taking into account the legislative process involved before the city council could act on the report from the meeting, Mr. Pappas said he anticipates having another meeting no sooner than in the spring of 2014.

“Nothing proves stronger than the recommendation coming from your friends,” he said.

Raj Kashyap, who owns a Pharmasave drugstore retail outlet on Lansdowne Street, said he is hoping that the business-attraction strategy of the city will result in high-paying jobs being created in Peterborough.

Mr. Shehadeh is one of those who want to keep the momentum going by having more meetings of

“We need to create jobs that will pay at least $50,000 or $60,000 a year, so that people will start



COVER STORY spending money,” he said. “Business is slow because people are not spending money. We’ve seen a lot of retailers come, and most available jobs are in retail, but they don’t pay much.” Mr. Kashyap came to Peterborough from the UK in 1985. “In the 28 years that I’ve been here, I don’t think much has changed in the pace of the city’s economic activity, to be honest. If anything, Highway 115 used to be only a single lane; now it has two lanes, which made commuting to Toronto a lot easier. Perhaps we need to take a look at possibly developing new industries in Peterborough outside of the retail space.” Jason Stabler, the NCC’s interim executive director who also served as one of the facilitators, said the entrepreneurs’ meeting “is a sign of the growing awareness of the importance of immigration to our current and future prosperity as a community.” “We had in that room a whole array of people, all of whom own businesses and many of whom employ many people from the Peterborough area,” Mr. Stabler said. “I think one of the most interesting things to come out of that is a bit more of a growing awareness that newcomers are not only employees but people who also create employment. And that’s a message that needs to get out there in that there’s often a perception that newcomers come and take jobs.” DIASPORA NATION Interestingly, within days of the unprecedented meeting of Peterborough’s immigrant entrepreneurs, 16

In Peterborough City, immigrants comprise a little less than 10% of its 76,350 population, according to the 2011 National Household Survey of Statistics Canada. They mainly come from Europe (59%), Asia (20%), Americas (17%) and Africa (3%). In an interview with the Newcomer Bulletin, Mr. Bennett singled out “our people” as “Peterborough’s biggest asset – because of our diversity.”

Raj Kashyap

Mowat Centre, an independent and non-partisan public policy think tank based at the University of Toronto, released a new study called Diaspora Nation, which it hopes will prompt a public discussion on how Canada needs to approach immigration in the 21st century. “Right now, we are still trapped in the 1970s, and we have to do a much

people is one of Canada’s strengths, but we’re not capitalizing on this comparative advantage,” a news release from the centre said. “Canadians are connected to all corners of the world in unprecedented ways.” Kasi Rao, vice president and director of the Toronto office of the Asia Pacific Foundation of

NEWCOMERS ARE NOT ONLY EMPLOYEES BUT PEOPLE WHO ALSO CREATE EMPLOYMENT . . . THERE’S OFTEN A PERCEPTION THAT NEWCOMERS COME AND TAKE JOBS better job of updating our policies around trade and immigration,” said Matthew Mendelsohn, the centre’s director.

Canada, described diasporas as “phenomenal bridge builders that connect Canada to the different parts of the world.”

The study throws a spotlight on the growing importance of ethnic networks in the global economy, pointing out that while Canada’s population grows more diverse each year, the country’s trading and export patterns oddly have not diversified to the same extent but, in fact, remain woefully tied with the United States.

In the United States, the entrepreneurial tendencies of many immigrants were highlighted as bringing a less-obvious benefit to the economy, according to a report published at The Economist, which was cited in the Diaspora Nation study. “Because they maintain links with the places they came from, immigrants help America plug into a vast web of global networks,” the report states.

“The diversity of our


“In 10 year’s time, the changes that will occur naturally will make our city quite vibrant – as a place to live in and as a place to do business in,” he said. OPEN FOR BUSINESS A day after the dinner meeting, the mayor took to Twitter, thanking Mr. Pappas for organizing the event and declaring that “Peterborough is open for business.” According to the mayor, jobs ought to be created by the private sector, adding that government is there not to create jobs – if it does, it will cost taxpayers’ money – but rather, it creates an environment for jobs to occur. “We do that simply by being aggressive in our approach for being open for business. And to me, that is such an underused component of what we need to do in our community,” he said. For that reason, he praised the city council for “being productive” in welcoming people who show up and show an interest in investing. The mayor exuded optimism as he disclosed a great interest shown by



Canada’s rank in the world in number of immigrants


are spoken by more than


1 in 5 Canadians

people in Canada.


was born in another country.

Canada ranks

8th in the world

as preferred destination for

Immigrant communities

international students.

in Canada have more than

100,000 people.

Source: Diaspora Nation, Mowat Centre, 2013

a number of Asian and South American investors – “without naming names or circumstances” – who are looking at Peterborough and keenly considering rekindling some of their overseas manufacturing concerns. These companies, which are into light and heavy manufacturing, have North America as their market as well as their source for their raw materials. With organized labour in developing economies applying pressure on their governments to upgrade work environment safety and standards, companies are no longer seeing the real cost benefit of their offshore operations. “You will be amazed at the number of inquiries that

He expects four new investors to get the thumbs-up before the city council’s term expires in November 2014. Of that, the mayor anticipates 280-750 manufacturing jobs to be created. “I hope that we would have an announcement next year,” said Mr. Bennett, when asked of the possible timeline for the new investors to come in.

Jason Stabler

we have received and the number of meetings that we’ve had in the past six months – it’s quite exciting,” Mr. Bennett said.

anywhere in the world,” according to the mayor. “That changed with the world becoming a much smaller community.”

Peterborough used to host many of the major corporations in the world. The industrial base it once had, “was second to none

The mayor said if all the initial flurry of inquiries came to fruition, “we would be hard pressed to meet the land needs.”

With the new prospects for fresh investments, the mayor said he appreciates the great benefit brought by the $36.6 million, 87,000-square-foot Kawartha Trades and Technology Centre at Fleming College. Currently under construction, the centre is set to open in September 2014.




Employers strive for a diverse workforce: PPCII survey


he Peterborough Partnership Council on Immigrant Integration has recently released a new workplace diversity survey, showing that 48% of local employers have at least one new Canadian in their staff. As many employers said they are fully committed to creating an ethnically or culturally diverse workforce, while 33% said they strive “to some degree.” Carried out by Fleming Data Research over a two-month period between February 12, 2013 and April 24, 2013, the telephone survey aims

to identify labour-market trends in both the city and county of Peterborough affecting the job prospects of newcomers. Additionally, the survey looks at the diversity of the local labour force; barriers in attracting, hiring and retaining newcomers; and the challenges faced by both the new Canadians and their employers. The survey covers 245 employers, including the largest from the private, public and non-profit sectors. PPCII was mandated to investigate and identify ways to improve

Anticipated vacancies in the next five years Sales/Retail/Customer Service Skilled Trades/Labour Administrative Positions/Clerical/Bookkeepers Non-Profit/Social Service Personal Service/Other Service Health Care Restaurant/Food Service/Grocery Manufacturing/Construction/Etc General Labour Computer and Information Systems Education/Child Care/Recreation Engineering Financial, Insurance & Related Business Admin Transportation Travel/Tourism/Hotel/Resort Environment/Natural Resources Miscellaneous

2% 2% 1% 1%

9% 9% 9% 8% 8% 7% 6% 6% 5% 5% 4% 4%

labour-market access for new Canadians under Peterborough’s Integration Strategy for 2010-2015, which outlines “the goals and objectives that must be met in order to make Peterborough a more welcoming community for newcomers to work, live and study.” The strategy builds on a research document titled, The Faces of our Future: Planning for a Diverse Community, prepared by the Peterborough Social Planning Council and the Trent Centre for Community-Based Education in 2010.

What jobs are New Canadians filling 14%

Personal Service/Other Service Non-Profit/Social Service Restaurant/Food Service/Grocery Sales/Retail/Customer Service Health Care Manufacturing/Construction/Etc General Labour Financial, Insurance & Related Business Admin Education/Child Care/Recreation Engineering Computer and Information Systems Travel/Tourism/Hotel/Resort Transportation Environment/Natural Resources Skilled Trades/Labour

1% 1% 1%

7% 7% 6% 5% 5% 4% 3% 3%

13% 11% 10% 9%

187 employers expect to fill a total of 329 available positions in the next five years

Top Challenges in Hiring New CanadianS 5%

Top Challenges in Retaining New Canadian Employees

n Language, communication barriers

4% 3%


n Certificates, accreditation, qualifications

11% 35%

n Lack of experience, skills n Immigration, hiring process, government restrictions


n Availability of positions

6% 4% 24%

8% 8% 10%


n Limited number of new Canadians 25%

Greatest Training Needs for New Canadian Employees 2% 1%



3% 3% 4% 4%

n Certificate, accreditation, qualifications 38%


n Canadian laws, regulations, standards n Health and safety


n Understanding, accommodating culture n Workplace safety



n Cultural training 13%


The mayor looks to the centre, which provides training in areas such as carpentry, welding,

n Prior experience n Computer, software

plumbing and machining, as providing job-ready employees to new employers in the city.


n Effective communication, language



n Customer service interacting with people


Language, communication barriers Location, Peterborough not appealing, leaving area for Toronto Short-term, part-time, contract positions Social support, inclusive environment Ability to do job Limited room or promotion Certificates, accreditation, qualifications Wages not appealing Immigration process

Greatest Training Needs for Employers of New Canadians

n Language, communication barriers n Job-specific training, skills, knowledge




n Familiarity with local community

n n n n n n n n n


n Interpreting foreign credentials, screening applications n Computers, software n Management, team-building

“There’s nothing that will hinder us other than the world economy, and that is something that we don’t

have much control over,” Mr. Bennett said. “We are part of a larger economy, the world economy.” n



SUMMER IN NEW YORK I had the opportunity to live in New York City and work as an intern for BNP Paribas, a leading French bank, during the summer. Since a typical internship program in American banking industry is roughly 10 weeks, I decided to pay high rental fees instead of commuting. Although I had a challenging job, I found time to explore parts of the city.


he neon lights flashing incessantly in Times Square were quite an attraction. So were the high rises. I enjoyed a Broadway show with my colleague, sailed on a boat cruise to the Statue of Liberty, and strolled in Central Park. A tour of the city made me realize New York has a lot more to offer than the neon lights. My living room had access to a balcony, so I had spectacular night views; sometimes the Hudson River lit up with spectacular fireworks displays. My initial impression of Manhattan was very positive. In fact, it is very easy to fall in love with the city – its people, the vibe, and the most-tender form of inclusiveness. The great experience I had at workplace certainly reinforced my impression. On a weekly basis, I travelled to BNP’s New Jersey office for projects. I also participated in the Wall Street Exchange Program

made my life enjoyable. I was a participant and an observer all at once. Watching the interaction between local residents and tourists, I began to ponder whether it might be possible for Peterborough to perhaps one day be able to achieve the richness of culture, lifestyle and diversity that New York has. Perhaps I am comparing apples with oranges, as a whole range of differences exists between a big city like New York and a rural community like Peterborough. Still, I am delighted that Peterborough is progressing quite nicely in its efforts at creating a more welcoming community for newcomers. LESSONS LEARNED My internship has taught me many important lessons. My dad used to tell me: “There are two types of learning at university. The first is the learning of field expertise. The second is the

In fact, it is very easy to fall in love with the city – its people, the vibe, and the most-tender form of inclusiveness. sponsored by the Financial Women’s Association of New York. By the end of the summer, I ventured into Long Island, Connecticut and New Jersey for leisure and networking purposes. Delicious cuisine, advanced public transit, and diverse entertainment all

learning of picking things up quickly. You might forget about a specific knowledge in a given class, but you can transfer your quick learning capability to any job in the future.” Transition from campus to the workforce was never easy. In school, we emphasize the importance of sound quantita-

Chen Rao poses at her balcony with the skyline of New York on the backdrop

tive skills; in the workplace, however, qualitative skills really differentiate one from the other. Employers, particularly in the finance industry, I believe, are always looking for candidates who are driven, diligent and competent. The ability to communicate, negotiate and empathize is considered a great asset. When all is said and done, it’s all about striking the right balance. Those who are too detail-oriented need to seek strategic, big-picture advice from mentors. Those who are highly disciplined need to learn how to prioritize and become more flexible. My education from the international baccalaureate program at Kenner Collegiate and business administration from Richard Ivey School, in part, prepared me to take on the challenge at Wall Street. The tremendous amount of support from friends made me realize how lucky I am. I wish to make the transition as smoothly as possible as I start working full-time in August 2014. n FALL 2013 | NEWCOMER BULLETIN




Tony Wong owns Cartona Goodies in Port Hope

Why did you go into a restaurant business? Since my wife has a deep interest in cooking, I decided to give the restaurant business a try. Why did you choose Port Hope? Port Hope is a quiet, friendly little town and within an hour’s drive to my parents’ place in Toronto. Also, I believe my daughter will get a good education, learn to get along socially and practice a lot of English at the

people of Port Hope and Cobourg in getting my business, Cartona Goodies, up and running. The whole process of establishing my business was rather smooth, although I did find it somewhat difficult to find contractors for plumbing, electricity, painting and carpentry. Finding good and reliable suppliers had also been a challenge. What does Cartona mean? Cartona is short for Carmen, my wife’s name, Tony and Associates.

I was hoping there would be a settlement agency established in Port Hope… as the town is growing and more and more newcomers are arriving Catholic school where she is currently enrolled – which is both very helpful and understanding. I am also able to relax, do a bit of fishing and play some bridge if I’m not working. What were some of the challenges that you had to deal with in establishing your business? I received a lot of support from the 20


What sort of support did you receive? So many people have helped me, but let me name only a few. Bree Nixon from the Port Hope Chamber of Commerce assisted me in getting my business registered. Rob Day of the Business Advisory Centre helped me in understanding the ins and outs of doing business in Northumberland

County. He also introduced me to Lorraine Bulger from the Port Hope Economic Development who not only introduced me to my landlord, David Walsh, but also organized a grand opening for us and invited people over. Let me also thank Reno Paccini, a local architect; Lori Simpson, the ever-creative designer and sign-maker; Wayne Simpson, who fixed all our appliances; Mark Scott, the electrician who worked magic; and Thomas Soloman, the ever-helpful and resourceful building superintendent. What preparations did you have to make before starting your business? My wife and I tried different restaurants and coffee shops while we were visiting Port Hope and Cobourg in February 2013. We discovered that there was no authentic Chinese or Japanese or Portuguese restaurant around. We thought we might as well step in the gap and establish a restaurant offering authentic international cuisine. Hence, Cartona Goodies was born. We offer a menu that combines authentic Asian food such as egg tarts, dim sum, wonton, dumplings and sushi with traditional Western food such as muffins, cheesecakes, fresh fruit salad, pasta and cold-cut sandwiches. We also offer take-out as well as delivery and catering service. Our place is spacious, bright, relaxing and has free WiFi. As fall is fast approaching and the weather is turning cold, we are in the process of adding weekly specials and evening meals. We will soon be offering the ever-popular bubble tea, new baked goods and international groceries for people of different ethnicities. We listen to our customers and value their suggestions. How friendly is the community in Port Hope to newcomers? The people in general have been very friendly, and we have made friends with our neighbours as well as with some Chinese families who are operating restaurants in the area. What do you wish the community has to help or welcome newcomers? Unlike Peterborough or Cobourg, Port Hope does not have its own settlement agency like the New Canadians Centre. I was hoping there would be a settlement agency established in Port Hope in the immediate future as the town is growing and more and more newcomers are arriving. n


Banqueting House, and Hampton Court Palace.

Find it at Fleming Take the first step on your path to a new career at Fleming College, which has a variety of programs for students interested in studying full-time.


ith more than 100 full-time programs in Business, Justice, General Arts and Science, Fine Arts, Community Services, Education, and Health as well as Environmental and Natural Resource Sciences, there is no limit to the career options available to Fleming students. Most of these programs offer a hands-on learning component, and Fleming has strived to build sustainable community partnerships so that our students can easily find these experiential learning opportunities at home or abroad. Hands-on learning at Fleming occurs in the form of work placements, internships, field camps, and applied projects where students work

Part-time Studies For those who work fulltime, Fleming College has hundreds of part-time courses as well as certificate programs available through Continuing Education. This is a great opportunity to upgrade your skills while you work. Whether it’s learning a new language, improving your workplace grammar and writing skills or undertaking a new career path, we have the right fit for you. There is great flexibility with both online and inclass courses offered. This helps students adapt their learning to a schedule that works for them.

with real-world clients. Students are job-ready when they graduate, leading them to successful careers. “It is one thing to learn conservation in a classroom, but it is another to learn in a real museum setting,” says Fleming alumna Tatiana De Pede. She is a graduate of the Collec-

tions Conservation and Management program. Tatiana spent her final semester field placement at Historical Royal Palaces in London, England. She joined the preventative conservation team at Kensington Palace and had the opportunity to work at Kew Palace, the Tower of London,

There are courses in Project Management, Business Ownership, Creative Problem-Solving, Business Communications, Powerful Presentation Skills, and Personal Finance. n

WHAT’S NEXT Visit for information on full-time and part-time programs and courses




CITY LOOKS TO ITS FUTURE By Kiera Toffelmire The city of Peterborough is making diversity and inclusivity a priority in what it hopes will reshape its demographic landscape and usher in a cultural transformation critical to its future, according to Mayor Daryl Bennett.


he city is continuing its strides at making Peterborough a more welcoming community for newcomers. A year ago, it unveiled its Municipal Cultural Plan, a 10-year program “to promote diversity and facilitate a more inclusive city, continuing to attract and retain newcomers and youth, and continuing to respond to the needs of changing demographics.” Mr. Bennett acknowledged that it was an ambitious document, but that “it is necessary.” Safo Musta, the interim coordinator of Peterbor-

ough Partnership Centre for Immigrant Integration, lauded as “a significant milestone” the city’s efforts “to include a diversity piece in an official document” – a first for the city. Beyond drafting a 10-year strategic plan, the city also created a diversity portfolio in early 2013 and put Councillor Dean Pappas at its helm. Born into a family of Greek immigrants, Mr. Pappas said he believes immigrants enrich Canadian communities. One of the more recent initiatives Mr. Pappas has

launched as the city’s point man on diversity was a business-attraction strategy using the network of immigrant entrepreneurs in Peterborough. Mr. Pappas gathered more than 20 immigrant entrepreneurs at a dinner meeting on September 19, 2013 to receive their ideas about creating a competitive business climate in Peterborough, attracting fresh investments and generating high-paying jobs. A long-standing challenge for Peterborough has been its high unemployment rate. Peterborough hosts the oldest workforce in Ontario, and it has one of the highest number of people receiving employment-insurance benefits throughout the province. Mr. Pappas said a report will be submitted to the city council on the dinner meeting with immigrant entrepreneurs. He was hoping that the initiative will receive provincial

Peterborough City gathers its immigrant entrepreneurs in a business roundtable meeting



funding, and a full-time position is created for attracting new Canadian businesspeople to Peterborough. Peterborough’s newcomer-attraction initiatives also include a web-based immigration portal. The city spearheaded the development of the portal – one of the first in Ontario – hosting it and allocating resources to provide ongoing support as soon as it was up and running. Providing information about the Peterborough community, the immigration portal is aimed at giving prospective newcomers some idea of what to expect when they arrive. Peterborough (city and county) is home to 12,450 immigrants, of whom slightly over 25% are visible minorities. Although the immigrant community in Peterborough is still fairly small, it is steadily growing. During fiscal 2012, the NCC reported having 468 new clients, a 20% increase from a year ago. Since her arrival to Peterborough from Afghanistan in 1996, Mehran Monsef said she has noticed a significant rise in the number of visible minorities. Dark-haired and fair skinned, Ms. Monsef and her two sisters were considered the “coloured” children at school when they first arrived. Today, she feels the city has opened its arms to a more diverse group of immigrants and newcomers.

ADVERTORIAL CITY OF PETERBOROUGH Ms. Monsef said she is hoping the city will continue to become an increasingly supportive and welcoming environment for newcomers, adding that the future of Peterborough lies not only in policies in place but in the attitudes of community members as well. “As individuals, if we can take on the responsibility of being as inclusive and welcoming to newcomers as we possibly can, the city will transform in less than 10 years,” she said. CHANGE The annual Multicultural Canada Day celebration in Peterborough is an interesting showcase of its cultural diversity. A collaboration between the city, the NCC and other community partners, the celebration draws thousands of people from different ethnic backgrounds and puts on a display of international cuisine and products. One of the indications of the city’s evolving cultural framework is the growing number of local organizations and businesses extending their hospitality to newcomers. Many shops downtown offer discounted prices or free passes to immigrants and newcomers through the NCC. The city is undergoing a process of systemic change, said Jason Stabler, the NCC’s interim executive director. “Systemic change is neither glamorous nor splashy – it won’t make the front page of the newspaper. But those are the seeds of longerterm change in the community,” he added. n






total of 47 people were sworn in as new Canadians on September 19, 2013 during a citizenship ceremony held at the Canadian Canoe Museum in Peterborough. The ceremony has been the third time being held in Peterborough. In previous years, new Canadians have had to travel to the Citizenship and Immigration in Oshawa for the ceremony. Clerk Solange Fournier gives instructions

Part of the crowd attending the ceremony Oath-taking

From left: Judge Floyd Babcock, MP Dean Del Mastro, Mayor Daryl Bennett, Warden J. Murray Jones, Matt Stoeckle and James Raffan

Representatives from government and community agencies

Some of the New Canadians





Old Location r St Wate

Sherbrooke St Dalhousie St


Perry St

St N


Olive Ave

Rink St

Aylmer St N

Townsend St







Del Crary Park

Jason Stabler at the executive director’s office

Dawn Franklin, left, and Jessica Devlin at the SWIS office

Community Coordinator Anne Elliott

Gabriel Ribadeneira and Gabriela Revak at the WIC office

Beacon by the Bay Guest House


NEW Location ll St


ine S

The Home Depot


a Rom


e Parn

King Edward Park Staples Business Depot


ne S



Receptionist Jenny Santos

Settlement Counsellor Faye Shien Tan

W all


George St N

Wolfe St


he New Canadians Centre re-opened on September 17, 2013 after a few days of closure to complete its move to its new location on 221 Romaine Street. The NCC is leasing 4,000 square feet of unused space on the third floor of the St. James United Church building, leaving its old location on 205 Sherbrooke Street, its home for more than 25 years.

RA Morrow Memorial Park

Project and Implementation Specialist Gabriela Revak

PPCII Coordinator Safo Musta

Settlement Services Coordinator Tamara Hoogerdyk

Reception area


Common area

Conference room

Entrance to the NCC offices

Counselling room



n August 17, 2013, a group of newcomers as well as long-term immigrants made a tour of Northumberland County’s scenic hills, where they sample foods produced by local artisans and purchased products directly from a cookie factory, chocolate outlet and cheese house in Campbellford. Other stops include Kokimo Candleland, Castleton, Big Apple in Colborne and Glover’s Farm Market.

Jep Orozco and Ilji Berbisada

A stop at Sprucewood Cookie Factory

Jessie Itong, Ely Valles, Jennifer Itong, Ben Valles and Dindin Villarino A group shot in Campbellford

A group shot in Warkworth

Jennifer Itong, Ozzie Bacariza, Manny Pan and Jessie Itong

Ramon Valles, Rene Cabunilas, Jun Valles and Tita Green Photos by Brotherhood Tours




New Canadians lifting the Great North Canoe into the water

New Canadians afloat on the Otonabee River at Trent University



n September 12, 2013, more than 20 new Canadians came out on a chilly, damp evening to meet new friends and experience a Voyageur canoe ride along the Otonabee River for the 2nd Annual Picnic and Paddle organized by the New Canadians Centre in collaboration with the Canadian Canoe Museum.

NCC volunteer Susan and MD Mahub Allam

Osman, Rashida and their son, Bahram



The voyageur canoe enters the canal south of Trent University steered by Carolyn Hyslop from the Canadian Canoe Museum

Shanah, middle, with Su Juan and Jieanna

Elizabeth, right, and Shanah with a voyageur canoe full of new Canadians

Daniel and his children, Su Juan, Jieanna and Tia Great paddling from the new Canadians

Lily and her daughter, Jicsi, with the NCC’s Community Coordinator, Anne Elliott

Kamran and Nooshin

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Net proceeds from the sale of magazine subscriptions are earmarked for donation to organizations that provide services to newcomers. To subscribe by e-mail, write to Unit LL5, 311 George Street North Peterborough, ON K9J 3H3 Phone: (705) 772-7172 E-mail:




OBITUARY JOHN GANLEY In 1977, the couple, along with other volunteers, organized a concert fundraiser, featuring a group of 10 popular Jamaican gospel singers, that, over the next 10 years, became an annual event in Peterborough and the main source of revenue for a movement that galvanized into what is now called Jamaican Self-Help (JSH), a non-profit that supports education and communitydevelopment programmes in Jamaica. The money used to bankroll the costs to bring the Jamaican singers, led by the Rev. Richard Ho Lung, a charismatic and musical Catholic priest, to Peterborough for the first time was an $8,000 personal loan John had taken from a local credit union. JSH was incorporated as a non-government organization in 1981. Before that, it was simply, in the words of Rosemary, “a kitchen-table operation.” John was its volunteer executive director for nine years. John Ganley, 1933-2013

A HERO’S PASSING In the rough urban streets of Kingston, Jamaica, people called John Ganley “Mr. Gandhi” – a man they knew as a hero in India. They loved John as though he was one of their own.


ne dusty, hot day in 1998, some young men knocked on his car window, warning him of a potential trouble ahead, where a group of demonstrators massed, protesting against a gas-price increase. “Mr. Gandhi,” they said, “you don’t want to come down here today. There is going to be trouble.” John was fearless in Jamaica, John’s wife Rosemary, said. And with good reason: the people were always looking out for him. How John became known as Mr. Gandhi did not carry any intention for a grand comparison between him and the giant of a man who led a nonviolent civil-rights movement in India. Jamaicans seemingly found Gandhi easy on the tongue than Ganley. But be that as it may, John was, in many respects, no less than a hero to many Jamaicans.

On that day, when young men steered John away from a restive crowd, he was actually on his way to the inner city, where he was building a school for about 200 dropouts from the regular school system – mostly boys in need of remediation and basic skills. “There were paid and volunteer teachers but no space or rooms for them,” Rosemary said. “So, John, along with a Jamaican friend, designed a kind of Pole barn or gazebo to get them out of the direct sun. Blackboards hung around it, waving in the breeze. It was a huge success, and I think a lot of learning went on in this unconventional school.” John first came to Jamaica in 1975. He and Rosemary, who were both high school teachers in Peterborough, went there to teach on a two-year Canadian International Development Agencysponsored overseas stint.

“The idea to bring the group to Peterborough was to get more Canadians to get involved in projects in Jamaica,” Rosemary said in an earlier interview with Newcomer Bulletin. Part of JSH’s thrust to engage Peterborough residents on global issues include youth-centred activities and awareness trips to Jamaica, which the Ganleys used to lead dating back to the summer of 1984. The concerts, as it turned out, proved to be opportunities to raise “funds and friends,” Rosemary said. INTERACTION “One of the spinoffs from the visits of the Jamaican singers,” she said, “was that there was a lot of crosscultural understanding that had taken place because these young singers were billeted in Peterborough homes.” Surely, the cultural interaction – from the visits of the Jamaican singers to the awareness trips of Peterborough’s residents to Jamaica – must account for how, over the years, there has been a welcoming attitude in Peterborough toward people coming from different places. Having touched so many lives, John will be missed by many. He passed away on July 11, 2013. He was 80. n FALL 2013 | NEWCOMER BULLETIN




Foreign Tax Credits If you earn incomes from a foreign source, you need to report them on your income-tax return. Canada taxes its residents on worldwide income no matter where the income is earned.


oreign incomes typically include capital gain as well as money derived from employment, investment and pension. They are broadly classified into business and nonbusiness incomes.

CARMELA VALLES IMMIGRATION CONSULTING Get your friends and family to study, work, live and invest in Peterborough and Northumberland.

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If you own foreign-investment properties in excess of $100,000 you need to declare them in Form T1135 and mail it to Canada Revenue Agency every year that you meet the $100,000 threshold. If you don’t, you could end up facing penalties or more serious sanctions. Taxes paid for foreign-source income may be claimed as foreign tax credits on your Canadian income-tax return. The foreign tax credit prevents double taxation as it recognizes taxes paid to a foreign government on income earned in a foreign country. Check to see if the country from which your foreign income is derived has a bilateral agreement with Canada. Canada has 86 tax treaties in force. There are two types of foreign tax credit: a foreign tax credit for business income taxes and another for non-business income taxes. Foreign tax credits are calculated on a country-by-country basis. In cases in which you are unable, in a particular tax year, to claim as tax credits all of the taxes paid to a foreign jurisdiction in that same tax year, unused foreign tax credits may be carried back three years or forward 10 years.

OVERSIGHT What happens if, by oversight, you inevitably failed to report your foreign incomes? CRA has a voluntary disclosure program, which allows taxpayers to disclose previously unreported income. If you need help in obtaining the appropriate information, speak with a tax professional and comply with all the applicable tax rules. FOREST LI is a certified income-tax consultant.






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Newcomer Bulletin Fall 2013  

Newcomer Bulletin is a magazine resource for newcomers and immigrants to Ontario, Canada.

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