First Nation's Focus January 2019

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Tribal News of Nevada and the Eastern Sierra | Vol. 2, No. 12

American Indian Culture and History | Dec 2018 - Jan 2019

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Magnificent moccasins Why I’m proud of my Native travel marks | PAGE 10

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Native burial sites

Wašiw Legends Series

A national honor

Nevada State Museum hosts workshop about removal of human remains, repatriation of objects

Read the story of ‘The Wašiw Seasons as Told by C’ošuŋi’ — as translated by Lisa Enos

Pyramid Lake Museum and Visitors Center nominated for National Medal for Museum Service


2 | December 2018 - January 2019 | First Nation’s Focus

Do you have a Native American child and need help? Washoe Tribe of Nevada & California Native TANF Program STRIVING to STRENGTHEN Native American families and ENCOURAGE self-sufficiency by providing temporary aid & services:

• Career Development Services • Education & Employment Services • Youth Programs Services • Achievement Incentives • Supportive Services

Who is eligible... to receive services from WASHOE Native TANF?  In California, enrolled members or descendants of a federally recognized tribe, descendants of the California Judgment Roll or an American Indian tribal member with at least one Native American child living in the service area.  In Nevada, services are limited to members or descendants of the Washoe Tribe.  A family includes at least one Native child (natural, step or

adopted) who is under the age of 18 that lives in a household with a Native or non-Native single parent family, two-parent family, or caretaker relative.  The gross monthly family income cannot exceed 200% of the WNTP monthly family income limits.  Expectant mothers in their third trimester of pregnancy may qualify for WNTP assistance.

To learn more, Call Toll Free (888)-612-8263 or Email: info@washoetanf.info Sierra Sites:

California Sites:

- Douglas County, 1650 Lucerne Street, Suite 101 Minden, NV 89423 775-265-2254

- Alameda County, 2030 Franklin Street, Suite 400/500, Oakland, CA 94612 510-873-8223

- Carson County, 2310 South Carson Street, Suite 1, Carson City, NV 89701

- Alpine County, PO Box 305, Markleeville, CA 96120 530-694-2555

775-882-9256

- Nevada County, 117 New Mohawk, Suite #D, Nevada City, CA 95959 530-470-8505

- Santa Clara & Santa Cruz County, 2480 North First Street, Suite #140, San Jose, CA 95131 408-433-1000 - San Francisco & San Mateo Counties, 33 New Montgomery Street, Suite #210, San Francisco, CA 94105 415-284-9661 - San Joaquin County, 5151 Montauban Avenue, Suite #100, Stockton, CA 95210 209-461-6304

Headquarters: 1246 Waterloo Lane, Gardnerville, NV 89410 Phone: 775-782-6320 • Fax: 775-782-6790 • washoetanf.info


First Nation’s Focus | December 2018 - January 2019

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Workshop discusses removal of human remains on Native burial sites in Nevada By Jessica Garcia | First Nation’s Focus

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evada’s Native community is hoping its traditions and values aren’t overlooked in favor of a more scientific process with the state law that governs repatriation of objects and human remains on American Indian burial sites. The Nevada State Museum held a public workshop Dec. 13 that brought together roughly 35 tribal members, museum officials, legislative representatives and community members, with several also videoconferencing from Las Vegas. The hearing was required to solicit comments on proposed new regulations pertaining to Chapter 381 of the Nevada Administrative Code. The museum was made responsible for implementing those regulations after Sens. Julia Ratti, Nicole Cannizzaro, Aaron Ford and Pete Goicoechea introduced Senate Bill 244 in the 2017 legislative session. According to the bill, land owners in Nevada who seek to excavate any known Native American burial site on their property must follow similar laws the federal government enforces in handling cultural resources for certain projects. Nevada State Museum Director Myron Freedman, Curator of Anthropology Gene Hatori and staff helped draft the regulations proposed at Thursday’s workshop, and several participants adamantly expressed concerns about particular language on each of the 22 provisions. Provision 3, in particular, was of interest. Language states if an archaeologist or private landowner were to find human remains or evidence of graves or burials, they must obtain a permit for excavating on that land, per Nevada law. The main questions arose about the process and ethical implications of discovering remains on known burial sites, versus the constitutional rights of private property owners. “If you recall, a couple of weeks ago, the city of Reno denied two housing projects — clearly private land interests, private property ... but governments do have the ability to make

decisions that are in the best interest of its citizens,” said Marla McDade Williams, who was representing the Reno-Sparks Indian Colony at the hearing. “And in this situation, we believe it’s best (for) the state of the Nevada not to go around telling people, ‘Well, you’re exempt from that; go ahead and get out there before we get our remains there.’” Others at the workshop sought to define, narrow or, in some cases, exclude other language in the draft’s provisions, such as “abandoned property” for legal or cultural purposes that would impact tribes’ cultural or funerary traditions. “I would be opposed to narrowing that definition,” said McDade Williams, who works as Northern Nevada director of the company 360 Strategies. “We’re going forward and calling an issue of title without clearly understanding it. I’d be very concerned. It’s understanding the end game and how to enable a tribe to come forward and make a claim.” Participants also spoke of a greater desire to be more involved in communications concerning tribal issues as a whole. “I think we have to clarify each time we have a meeting, Myron, that because new people come in that haven’t been involved in this process for two or three years or weren’t even part of this process … and we have to update this and that’s an important thing,” said Michon Eben, of the RSIC’s Tribal Historic Preservation Office Cultural Resources Program. “That’s why we changed this law because it was so outdated — it was science-based, it was nontraditional. There were no values, beliefs and traditions, and now you have us sitting here, and we want to continue to make sure these two laws are important to us. “They’re involving our ancestral remains and cultural remains that have been looted, excavated — and it’s science-based.” Aside from the RSIC, input was collected from members representing the Bridgeport Indian Reservation, Washoe Tribe, Stewart Indian School, Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, Walker River Paiute Tribe, Battle Mountain Colony and Duckwater Shoshone Tribe, along with agencies including McGinness and

About 25 local tribal and business representatives gathered Thursday at the Nevada State Museum in Carson City and videoconferenced with five others at the Las Vegas museum to discuss draft regulations to chapter 381 of the Nevada Administrative Code. Photo: Jessica Garcia / Nevada Appeal

Associates, Friends of the Nevada State Museum and more. Freedman said these regulations originally would have been finished in early 2019, but the state’s Legislative Counsel Bureau didn’t codify the law until after July this year, pushing the museum’s process back. Staff now expects to hold at least one extra public meeting, based on what was provided Dec. 13, before determining final steps. “It’s always good to get feedback on what we do,” Hatori said after the session. “The good part is that we had a greater attendance than we expected, so we’re really hopeful that the tribes will help us get these regulations in place.” Copies of the proposal are available by contacting Anna Camp at the Nevada State Museum, 600 N. Carson St., Carson City, 89701; by calling 775-687-4810, ext. 261; or emailing acamp@nevadaculture.org. O

Wishing you a Safe and Happy Holiday Season!


4 | December 2018 - January 2019 | First Nation’s Focus

EVENTS CALENDAR Engage with us: Want to advertise in First Nation’s Focus? Email us at info@firstnationsfocus.com for deadlines, rates and more information. Have questions or ideas about First Nation’s Focus content? Email Kevin S. MacMillan at kmacmillan@swiftcom.com, or give him a call at 775-850-2145. Check out First Nation’s Focus online: firstnationsfocus.com facebook.com/firstnationsfocus Want to submit content for an upcoming edition? Email us at info@firstnationsfocus.com with “First Nation’s Focus” in the subject line.

On the cover:

SPECIAL EVENTS

RECURRING EVENTS

Young Gathering of Native Americans — Dec. 27-28, at the Old High School in Fallon, Nevada. This Christmas Break activity is for youth of the Walker River Paiute Tribe, ages 11-18, from 8:30 a.m. to 4:40 p.m. both days; bus departs at 7:30 a.m. Lunch will be provided both days. Other events for youth are scheduled Jan. 2-4 as well. Contact Julian at 775-773-2232 for information.

Paiute Language Class — 6-8 p.m., Tuesdays, Wadsworth Community Building, 320 Pyramid St., Wadsworth.

2018 Reno-Sparks Indian Colony New Year’s Eve Sobriety Social Powwow — Ring in the new year on Dec. 31 at the RSIC Tribal Gym in Reno. The annual event is for everyone to sing, listen, dance, observe and create friendships. Grand entry starts at 6 p.m. For general info, contact Lydia Bonta at 775-842-6388, Summer Dressler at 775-203-5017 or Helen Uribe at 775-686-0394.

Substance Abuse Support Group —6-7 p.m., Tuesdays, Sumunumu Resource Center, 460 W. Main St., Fernley. Topics discussed include narcotics abuse, alcohol abuse and anger management.

Youth Sports Camp — Jan. 7-10, 9 a.m. to noon all 4 days, held at the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe gymnasium in Nixon, Nevada. For boys and girls grades K-12, two days will be for basketball, two days for golf. For information, call the PLPT’s Tribal Recreation Department at 775-574-2409.

BASKETBALL EVENTS Bylas Bud Kings Men & Women Christmas Holiday Basketball Tournament — Dec. 19-22, Bylas, Arizona. Open men’s and open women’s divisions, $125 fed due by first game. Contact Elliot Talgo at 928-475-4165 or 928-475-1274. Dominic Vega Memorial Basketball Tournament — Jan. 4-6, Gilbert, Arizona. Men’s open tournament. featuring grades 4-8. Fee is $225 per team, deadline to sign up is Dec. 28. Contact Joe at 480-228-6782.

In June, First Nation’s Focus contributor Alejandra Rubio attended the Stewart Father’s Day Powwow in Carson City to take photos of attendees wearing traditional Native moccasins. The ones pictured were worn by Dania Wahwasuck, Miss Pabanamanina 2017-2018. Turn to Page 10 see more photos. Photo: Alejandra Rubio

Publisher Rob Galloway Content Coordinator Kevin S. MacMillan Contributing Writers Alejandra Rubio Graphic Design Lauren Solinger SNMG General Manager Brooke Warner SNMG Editorial Director Adam Trumble

New Year New Tournament — Jan. 11-13, Middle Verde Gym, Camp Verde, Arizona. Open men’s divisions. Total entry fee, including $50 deposit, is $250. Contact Reyes Herrera at 928-300-5612. Groundhog Day Weekend Basketball Jam — Feb. 2-3, Middle Verde Gym, Camp Verde, Arizona. Open Men’s Division, 8-12 teams. Total entry fee, including $50 deposit, is $275. Contact Reyes Herrera at 928-300-5612. 8th Annual Running Rabbits Coed Youth Basketball Tournament — Feb. 1-3, Schurz, Nevada. Open youth coed tournament, with grades 1-3, 4-6 and 7-8 divisions. $160 fee due by Jan. 25. Contact Hattie at 775-217-5084 or Kambria at 775-430-3650 to learn more. 3rd Annual Soboda Braves All-Native +1 Basketball Tournament — March 1-3, Soboba Sports Complex, San Jacinto, California. Eight-man rosters must include 7 Native men, plus one non-Native. $375 Entry Fee;. $200 Deposit due by Feb. 21. First place wins $3,000. Contact Jayvier Sandoval at 951-392-0550. 5th Annual Glen Yellowcloud Memorial All Native Basketball Tournament — March 22-24, Mescalero Community Center, Mescalero, New Mexico. 16-team men’s tourney; eight-man rosters must include 7 Native men, plus one non-Native, as well as an 8-team Women’s open roster. Men’s Entry Fee: $350. Women’s Entry fee: $200. Half down by March 8 require. Contact Jessica Comanche at 575-973-0429 or Kiefer Comanche at 575-973-8580.

First Nation’s Focus is a product of the Sierra Nevada Media Group (SNMG) and its affiliated media organizations: Nevada Appeal, The Record-Courier, Lahontan Valley News and Northern Nevada Business View. All content is copyrighted December 2018. First Nation’s Focus strives for accuracy and is not responsible if event details or other information changes after publication. Unless otherwise indicated, all photography in this publication is property of Swift Communications, the parent company of SNMG and First Nation’s Focus. 580 Mallory Way, Carson City, NV 89701

Submit an event: Do you have event information to submit for potential publication in a future Community Calendar? Send it to info@firstnationsfocus.com with “First Nation’s Focus” in the subject line. Please note that some events, locations and details are subject to change after publication; some events may also not be free — contact each respective agency for full details.

Yoga — 12:10-12:50 p.m., Tuesdays, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Tribal Health Clinic, 1715 Kuenzli St., Reno. Registration isn’t required and all levels are welcome.

Elder Aquacise — 10-11 a.m. Tuesdays, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Gym, 34 Reservation Road, Reno. Line Dancing — 5:15-6:15 p.m., Tuesdays and Thursdays, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Tribal Health Clinic, 1715 Kuenzli St., Reno. For information, call Vanessa at 775-329-5162, ext. 1946. Women’s Circle Craft Night and Potluck — 5-6:30 p.m., Wednesdays, Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, 101 Big Bend Ranch Road, Wadsworth. Language Classes for Seniors — 1:30-2:30 p.m. Wednesdays. Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Senior Center, 34 Reservation Road, Building F. Victim Services Program Women’s Advisory Committee — 5-6:30 p.m., second Wednesday of the month, Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, 101 Big Bend Ranch Road, Wadsworth. Scrapbooking for Beginners — 5-6:30 p.m., first Wednesday of the month, Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, 101 Big Bend Ranch Road, Wadsworth. Call 775-575-9444. Teen Dating Violence Support Group — 5:45-6:30 p.m., third Wednesday of the month, Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, 101 Big Bend Ranch Road, Wadsworth. Suicide Prevention Network – Suicide Loss Support Group — 6-7:30 p.m. every first Thursday of the month, 1625 Highway 88, Suite 203, Minden. For information, call 775-783-1510. Weekly Teen Parenting Class — 6-7:30 p.m., Thursdays, Sumunumu Resource Center, 460 W. Main St., Fernley. Nuumu Yadoha Language Classes — 5:30-6:30 p.m., Thursdays. Sponsored by the Bishop Paiute Tribe, the classes are held weekly. Contact the tribal office for location and other details: 760-873-3584. Art Classes —10-11 a.m. Fridays, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Tribal Health Clinic, 1715 Kuenzli St., Reno Weekly Community Market — 5 p.m.-dusk, Thursdays, Paiute-Shoshone Cultural Center 2300, W. Line St., Bishop, Calif. Spartan Training — 5 p.m., Fridays, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Tribal Health Clinic, 1715 Kuenzli St., Reno. Strength, agility and endurance training. For information, call Vanessa at 775-329-5162, ext. 1946. Talking Circle — 5:30-6:30 p.m., second Friday of the month, Paiute-Shoshone Cultural Center, 2300 W. Line St., Bishop, Calif. Sexual Assault Support Group — 5-6:30 p.m., fourth Friday of the month, 101 Big Bend Ranch Road, Wadsworth. Freedom to Be You — 1-2 p.m., Saturdays, 101 Big Bend Ranch Road, Wadsworth. The women’s educational support group meets weekly to discuss a different topic each session. Childcare is available on site. Tai Chi Classes — 1 p.m. Fridays, Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Gym, 34 Reservation Road, Reno.


First Nation’s Focus | December 2018 - January 2019

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Wašiw Legends Series: C’ošuŋi – The Wašiw Seasons as Told by C’ošuŋi Special to First Nation’s Focus

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n 2014, ancient legends of the Washoe people were brought to life in the native Washoe language through four children’s books, thanks to translations by tribe elder Melba Rakow and Washoe person Lisa Enos. Publication of the books was made possible by a 2011 grant from the Administration for Native Americans. Among the four books is, “C’ošuŋi: The Wašiw Seasons as Told by C’ošuŋi.” Copies of this book and other Wašiw legends are for sale through the Cultural Resources Department for the Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California. All sales go directly toward youth and cultural initiatives within the tribe. For more information, contact the Cultural Resources Department at 775-782-0013. Below is the ancient legend of C’ošuŋi: The Wašiw Seasons as Told by C’ošuŋi, as provided to First Nation’s Focus by Lisa Enos: The Wašiw Seasons as Told by C’ošuŋi

C’ošuŋi was born in the spring with many brothers. He was a small red creature with six skinny legs and feet and two feelers. When he was still small he was sent from his home to search for food. Life had not been easy for C’ošuŋi and his brothers; they had no mother, and they were hungry. When he came out of his home in the ground all that he could see was sagebrush and a large mountain that went high up, but no food. He didn’t know which way to go look for food, but then he saw some Wašiw people camping near the river. As he watched he could see them eating everything that grew there. They were happily eating tule and cattail roots. They had mountain potato and watercress and all kinds of growing things for food. They were roasting potatoes and eating wild onions. Everything smelled so good that C’ošuŋi’s stomach growled he was so hungry. He decided to go where they were. When he got there he crawled into a burden basket and ate his fill. Then he thought he should take some home for his brothers. He was about ready to when the old woman picked up her burden basket and he couldn’t get down. The Wašiw people were going up the tall mountain. C’ošuŋi looked back and seen his home become small, and he became frightened and began to cry. Then he heard a man talking to the children; he said, “When it becomes winter, we will be back here in the valley.” But winter seemed so far away for little C’ošuŋi and he was frightened. Then he thought he would see everything and learn everything and then come back and tell his brothers that they would never go hungry again. The burden basket was a fine place to ride for C’ošuŋi to ride along. In two days they arrived at the Lake’s edge. He looked out of the burden basket and though “how beautiful it is.” his Wašiw companions with Southern Wašiw people, the Mountain Wašiw people, the Eastern Wašiw people as well as other Valley Wašiw people. Here they were going to pray over the food, the water, and everything living. As he sat there watching he stomach started to growl again. He noticed that the men were taking out their nets and spears for fishing. C’ošuŋi went with them but soon discovered that he didn’t much like fish. C’ošuŋi stayed with the Waši∙šiw all summer. When it became fall all the people went in different directions. Some of them went to gather

ABOVE: The four Washoe books written and translated by Lisa Enos and Tribe Elder Melba Rakow are shown. Photo: Brad Coman RIGHT AND BELOW: These are two of the illustrations found in “C’ošuŋi: The Wašiw Seasons as Told by C’ošuŋi.” Photos: Courtesy

and trade for acorns, he did not know what an acorn was but decided it must be wonderful as everyone was excites about it. C’ošuŋi decided he would travel with the people going back to the valley thinking he would soon be with his brothers. But as they were traveling it became apparent that they were not heading back to the valley yet. They were going to the pine nut gathering. There the Waši∙šiw sang, played and prayed for a good harvest. C’ošuŋi was so excited because he remembered that in the spring a wise elderly woman buried a small green cone in a stream and prayed that this year would be a good year for pine nuts. It was indeed! The burden baskets were filled to the top with pine nuts. Some gathered, some were roasting and some were making flour. C’ošuŋi ate to his fill. There were men who went hunting because the deer were fat and ready to be eaten. As the weather grew cooler the Wašiw gathered their pine nuts and deer and headed toward the valley. C’ošuŋi had finished growing, and he seen so much and he was wiser. He had learned where to gather food and he went to tell his brothers and they were happy. They watched as the Wašiw people opened their stores of acorn; he was amazed how large they were. The Wašiw people prepared the acorn into flour, soup and biscuits. He and his brothers collected as much as they could carry to their home. As it grew colder the Wašiw people made rabbit skin blankets and they were all happy. C’ošuŋi would come back to watch the children often and he and his brothers would never go hungry again. O Lisa Enos is editor of the Wašiw Legends Series and a Language Teacher for the Washoe Tribe of Nevada and California.


6 | December 2018 - January 2019 | First Nation’s Focus

Pyramid Lake Museum nominated for national medal Special to First Nation’s Focus

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he Pyramid Lake Museum and Visitors Center in Nixon, Nevada, was nominated this year for a 2019 National Medal for Museum Service by the Sen. Catherine Cortez Masto. The museum is owned and operated by the Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe, elders of which envisioned a cultural center as an essential structure to share the tribal culture and history. In the 1970s, funding was secured to build a cultural center and an architect was hired to design it. The foundation and masonry walls were constructed; however, funding fell short before the facility was completed. It remained vacant for 23 years until 1996 when additional funding allowed for renovations and completion. Also, in 1996 the U.S. Secretary of Transportation designated the Pyramid Lake Scenic By-way, the first scenic by-way within an Indian Reservation. The Pyramid Lake Museum & Visitors Center first opened to the public on August 26, 1998; on Sept. 9, 2018, the museum held a 20th anniversary celebration in commemoration of 20 years of serving the reservation communities and visitors. The center was built with the local communities in mind, especially tribal youth and elders. Knowing the tribal history, culture and life ways are important in continuing the heritage for the Kooyooe Tukadu (Cui-Ui Eaters). The Museum is named “Ki Nasoomoowakwatu,” which means “Never to be Forgotten,” as a memorial to our ancestors to preserve and share the Numu (Paiute) culture within the community and the world around us. This museum is the only tribal museum in Nevada. The mission of the Pyramid Lake Museum and Visitors Center is to collect, exhibit and preserve the history and culture of the Northern Paiute People, providing an educational forum for the appreciation, respect and understanding of the Paiute culture. The Numu culture is and always has been based on community. The museum works with other individuals, institutions and businesses to promote the Pyramid Lake Museum as a place to learn about the rich Numu history and culture. There are short films, digital stories, displays, story maps, virtual reality programs, friendly interactions, programs and events that provide a historical and cultural backdrop for the exhibits. This intimate gallery showcases unique artifacts, archival items and contemporary works of the Kooyooe Tukadu. The sacrifices and trauma inflicted upon the Numu, by the U.S. government, have proven that we are survivors. The museum is tasked with the responsibility of teaching our children and the world around us the importance of the Numu culture of community, identity and heritage, using trusted sources of information. The museum staff believe in life-long learning and share this belief through story-telling, interactive teaching and

From left, Loni Romo, Emileigh Mason and Michaela King were among many in attendance on Sept. 9 for the museum’s 20th anniversary celebration. Photo: Courtesy Jackie Cawelti

engagement of the people who visit the museum. Respect, appreciation and understanding are priorities as caretakers of this land. We are the Kooyooe Tukadu — and this is our home. Museum staff work to develop the professional skills to build institutional capacity and strive to learn best practices in museum management. Access to the museum is increased by continued education to ensure responsible stewardship of the collections and artifacts, many of which are priceless. Staff use various media outlets to communicate cultural knowledge and vision. Keeping the Numu culture alive and thriving is an important goal, so there will always be pride in who we are and where we come from. O This article was provided to First Nation’s Focus by Billie Jean Guerrero, director of the Pyramid Lake Museum & Visitors Center. Visit pyramidlake.us/museum to learn more.

Learn more

The National Medals for Museum and Library Service are designed to recognize outstanding libraries and museums that contribute significantly to the wellbeing of their communities, according to the Institute of Museum and Library Services. The Institute’s director, with the advice of the Museum and Library Services Board, selects medal recipients. In addition to the medal, IMLS may grant a monetary award. Recipients are usually announced in spring on the IMLS website.Visit the National Medals page at bit.ly/2teoP34 to learn more about the annual celebration of the National Medal recipients.

Federal funds available to support public safety in Indian Country Department of Justice

Special to First Nation’s Focus

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he U.S. Department of Justice on Nov. 28 announced the opening of the grant solicitation period for comprehensive funding to Indian Country to support crime prevention, victim services and coordinated community responses to violence against native women. The Department’s fiscal year 2019 Coordinated Tribal Assistance Solicitation (CTAS) is available at the following link: www.justice.gov/tribal/open-solicitations. The solicitation contains details about available grants and describes how federally recognized tribes, tribal consortia and Alaska Native villages can apply for the funds. “Public safety professionals serving American Indian and Alaska Native communities frequently find themselves under-resourced and over-extended,” said Principal Deputy Associate Attorney General Jesse Panuccio. “This funding will give tribal officials the tools they need to fight

violent crime, protect their citizens, serve victims, and deliver justice.” The funding from the Department of Justice’s Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA), Office for Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention (OJJDP), Office for Victims of Crime (OVC), Office of Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS Office), and the Office on Violence Against Women (OVW) can be used to for a variety of public safety and justice-related projects and services. Funds can be used to enhance law enforcement; bolster adult and juvenile justice systems; prevent and control juvenile delinquency; serve native victims of crimes such as child abuse, sexual assault, domestic violence, and elder abuse; improve responses to violence against native women; and support other efforts to combat crime. New to fiscal year 2019, CTAS is funding designated specifically to address violent crime in native communities. Additionally, the Comprehensive Tribal Victim Assistance Program will be replaced by the Tribal Victim Services Program. This new program will provide funding

to a higher number of applicants and provides funding for a broad range of activities, including a needs assessment, strategic planning, program development and implementation, program expansion, and other actions to address the victim service needs of tribes. Applications for CTAS are submitted online through the Department’s Grants Management System, or “GMS.” Applicants must register with GMS prior to submitting an application. The application deadline is 6 p.m. PST Feb. 26, 2019. Applicants will submit a single application and select from any or all of the 10 competitive grant programs, referred to as “purpose areas.” This approach allows the Department’s grant-making components to consider the totality of a tribal nation’s overall public safety needs. Fact sheets detailing each of the individual purpose areas can be found at www. justice.gov/tribal/grants. Additionally, tribes and tribal consortia may also be eligible for non-tribal federal grant programs and are encouraged to explore other funding opportunities, which

Funding breakdown

In fiscal year 2018, the Department funded 125 tribes with 225 awards across nine grant programs totaling more than $113 million. In Nevada, the following totals were awarded: Fallon Paiute-Shoshone Tribe: $1,004,552 Inter-Tribal Council of Nevada: $450,000 Moapa Band of Paiutes: $299,900 Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe: $1,350,000 Learn more: Go to bit.ly/2PDVLbq to read a full breakdown of last year’s funding.

may be found at DOJ’s Tribal Justice and Safety website at www.justice.gov/tribal/ open-solicitations or the www.grants.gov website. CTAS is administered by the Department’s Office of Justice Programs, Office of Community Oriented Policing Services and Office on Violence Against Women. O


First Nation’s Focus | December 2018 - January 2019

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USFS hires Tribal Relations Specialist for Sparks office Special to First Nation’s Focus

Tribally owned horses roam on Paiute and Shoshone Tribal lands prior to the removal project. Photo: U.S. Forest Service

532 horses returned to Fort McDermitt Shoshone Paiute Tribe U.S. Forest Service

Special to First Nation’s Focus

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he Fort McDermitt Paiute and Shoshone Tribe and Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest recently concluded the first of a series of operations to remove tribal members’ privately owned horses that were grazing without authorization on the Santa Rosa Ranger District in Winnemucca. In all, 532 horses (146 studs, 24 geldings, 238 mares, 124 foals) were returned to the Tribe. Tribal members were able to decide whether to sell or keep their horses and constrain them from further unauthorized grazing on federally-managed public lands. The Tribe was responsible for returning the horses to their owners,

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arrangement of sale, or transport off tribal lands. Forest Service personnel also recorded the ownership of horses to help with future management. “This cooperative effort also helped the Tribe reduce the number of horses on the reservation, which will improve public safety, reduce impacts to important natural and cultural resources, and provide an opportunity for the Tribe to begin developing a long-term sustainable range program,” said Tribal Chairman Tildon Smart. The Forest Service and Tribe will plan another cooperative domestic horse removal sometime in early 2019. “The tribal holding facility is not large enough to handle the number of horses that need to be removed at one time,” said Santa Rosa District Ranger Joe Garrotto. “We will

More online

Go to bit.ly/2zUAyF2 for more information on the Fort McDermitt Cooperative Domestic Horse Removal. have to perform several gathers to remove all of the unauthorized tribally-owned horses from federally-managed public lands.” The removal operations took place about 75 miles north of Winnemucca, Nevada, on the northern portion of the Santa Rosa Ranger District and adjacent tribal lands. The horses belong to tribal members and are not protected under the Wild Free Roaming Horses and Burros Act. No wild horses from the Bureau of Land Management’s Little Owyhee Herd Management Area were gathered. O

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elyssa Navis recently joined the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest as a Tribal Relations Specialist. She has over 17 years of experience with the Army Corps of Engineers in Chicago, working in the Regulatory Branch as a Biologist and later as a Native American Special Melyssa Navis Emphasis Program Manager. As a Native American Special Emphasis Program Manager, she has worked in concert with the Army Corps’ Tribal Nations Center for Technical Expertise in Albuquerque, New Mexico, supporting tribal relations initiatives both at the district and division levels. She consulted with various tribes on an array of complex land use development, infrastructure improvement, and environmental restoration projects. Over the last five years, Navis has also served as the American Indian Center of

Chicago Board Secretary, a nonprofit cultural organization focused on providing resources and fellowship for the Native American community in Chicago. She was also the Council Secretary for the Illinois Indian Child Welfare Act Council that support the Native youth in foster care. Navis served eight years in the Army Reserves for the Headquarters Company and the National Guard 708th Medical Company as an Administration Personnel Specialist and Combat Lifesaver. She has a bachelor’s degree in public policy from De Paul University in Chicago and a masters in environmental and urban geography from the University of Illinois at Chicago. Navis is passionate about working on ecosystem restoration projects with Tribes utilizing Traditional Ecological Knowledge, and has special interests in the United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples. Navis is based out of the Humboldt-Toiyabe National Forest’s office in Sparks, Nevada. Contact her at mnavis@ fs.fed.us or by phone at 775352-1256. O

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8 | December 2018 - January 2019 | First Nation’s Focus

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First Nation’s Focus | December 2018 - January 2019

Three Tribes, One Nation Reno-Sparks Indian Colony Open Positions

|9

OPEN POSITIONS EMS MANAGER Regular Full-Time, Non-Exempt – Rate of Pay: $23.94/Hr (Trainee Rate: $15.79/Hr)

CLINIC SUPERVISOR Full-Time, Exempt – Rate of Pay: DOE

Admin Assistant I

Child Care Supervisor: Reno

Head Start Teacher

Physician

IT Technician I

Psychiatrist

Shoshone Language Instructor

Dental Assistant

Washoe Language Instructor

Physician - Family

Head Start Bus Driver/Classroom Assistant

Human Resources Director

Pediatrician/Physician

Head Start Aide (P.T.)

Business Office Manager (RSTHC)

Head Start Aide (Seasonal)

Nurse Practitioner

General Account Ledger (Finance)

Nurse Practitioner/Physician’s Assistant (2 positions)

Electrician (Public Works) IT Tech I (Seasonal)

EMERGENCY MEDICAL TECHNICIANS Volunteer – Rate of Pay: Stipend $100 per day

MOBILE INTENSIVE CARE PARAMEDIC Volunteer – Rate of Pay: Stipend $100 per day

AMBULANCE DRIVER Volunteer – Rate of Pay: Stipend $100 per day

PURCHASED REFERRED CARE (PRC) ASSISTANT Full-time, Non-exempt – $12.79/Hr

BUSINESS OFFICE MANAGER Full-time, Exempt – $49,765/Year

CLINICAL SOCIAL WORKER Full-Time, Non-exempt – $28.95/Hr

Fort McDermitt

WELLNESS CENTER

FIRST RESPONDER On-call – Rate of Pay: $11.52/Hr

SUBSTANCE ABUSE COUNSELOR Full-Time, $21.66/Hr

FOR PAY RATES, MORE INFO, & APPLICATION: www.rsic.org Reno-Sparks Indian Colony, 34 Reservation Road, Reno, NV HR Dept: 775-785-1303 PLEASE NOTE: HIRING PREFERENCE WILL BE PROVIDED TO QUALIFIED MEMBERS OF THE RENO-SPARKS INDIAN COLONY FOLLOWED BY MEMBERS OF OTHER FEDERALLY RECOGNIZED TRIBES. Preference in filling vacancies is given to qualified Indian candidates in accordance with the Indian Preference Act (Title 25 U.S. Code Section 472 and 473). However, the RenoSparks Indian Colony is an Equal Opportunity Employer and qualified candidates will be considered in accordance with the provisions of Section 703 (I) of Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, amended in 1991.

DENTIST Full-Time – DOE/Contractual Application process: Applicant must complete a Fort McDermitt Wellness Center employment application. A resume detailing professional experience, education and letters of reference may be included. A resume will not be accepted in lieu of an employment application. Applications may be obtained from:

Fort McDermitt Wellness Center PO Box 315 | McDermitt, Nevada 89421 | Phone (775) 532-8522 Fax (775) 532-8024

Preference in filling vacancies is given to qualified Native American candidates. We are an equal opportunity employer and all applicants will be considered in accordance with the provision in Section 703(1) of title VII of the civil Rights Code of 1964, amended in 1994.

Owyhee Community Health Facility https://shopaitribes.org/spt/

1036 Idaho State Highway 51, Owyhee County, ID 83604 Quality Assurance/Risk Manager/Director Serves as Quality Assurance/Accreditation leader. Creates and applies effective quality assurance programs, policies & procedures that promote and support high quality and continuous improvement in OCHF’s complete health care, behavioral health, dental, clinical and administrative support services, consistent with industry and accreditation standards and best practices. Bachelor’s Degree in a health related field and three to five years of experience in quality assurance/improvement, risk management, and/or accreditation such as AAAHC, TJC, etc. preferred. Substance Abuse Counselor/Clinical Supervisor

Full-time, Part-time, Must be Qualified Mental Health Professional (QMHP), Must be billable under Medicare, Medicaid and private insurance

Provides substance abuse counseling and clinical supervision, education, after-care and prevention services to at-risk population. Collaborates with other Behavioral Health staff and medical providers in outpatient setting to provide integrated, whole person care. Monitors program services and administers policies and procedures for the substance abuse program. May contribute to grants, program evaluation, and collaboration with other organizations. Billing Manager This position is responsible for the direction, administration, planning, supervision and evaluation of the Billing Department. The incumbent will ensure that the Billing Department works in conjunction with the OCHF organization to achieve the organization’s goals and objectives. The function of the Billing Department is to facilitate an efficient billing process, ensure timely billing with revenue resources and keep updated with national policies and billing practices. Associate’s or Bachelor’s Degree preferred, and medical billing and supervisory experience required. Health Information Manager Manages systems for acquiring, analyzing, and protecting digital and paper medical information vital to providing quality patient care. Ensures patients’ health information and records are complete, accurate, and accessible to responsible patient care staff, and protected for patient privacy. Performs or assists in performing analysis of data for community and population health. Associate’s or Bachelor’s Degree in Health Information Management with supervisory and related experience required, RHIT or RHIA certification preferred or must obtain within one year. Clinic Nurse (RN or LPN) As a member of the healthcare team, screens and assesses patients, provides care within scope under direction or as delegated by nursing director and providers, carries out treatments, administers vaccinations, observes and documents patients’ responses to care, enters information in EMR, engages patients and appropriate family members in their care, contributes to patient and community health education and outreach, supervises and coordinates care with Nursing Assistants. Follows nursing best practices and evidence based protocols, maintains high standards of patient safety and quality healthcare services, and promotes a positive patient overall experience of care. Engages in continuing professional development.

Medical Laboratory Technologist Performs a wide range of clinical laboratory tests per requests by medical staff for use in clinical diagnosis, patient screening, monitoring and other purposes. Includes standardized procedures in accordance with established methodology and protocols. Makes minor adjustments to adapt or modify established guides to specific situations. Coordinates with laboratory consultant and provides periodic reviews for quality assurance. Maintains proper service and calibration of instruments, administers service agreements, and orders supplies. Prepares annual budget and manages to laboratory budget. Communicates well with medical providers, patients and administrators to provide excellent customer service. Maintains knowledge of laboratory standards and best practices. Supervises phlebotomist/lab tech. Emergency Medical Technician Responding to call from the dispatcher, drives or rides with ambulance to emergency site using most expeditious route and ensuring safety. Positions ambulance in a safe location, performs scene size-up, determines mechanism of injury or illness and number of patients, performing triage and extrication as needed. Calls for additional response, air or ground, if needed. Assessing patient(s)’ status, establishes priority and provides appropriate emergency care; may administer intravenous drugs or fluid replacement as directed by physician. Determines facility and transports patient to higher level of care while continuing care as medically indicated or directed and teaming with partner. Maintains proper condition of ambulance units and EMS department at facility. Engages in continuing professional development. Must have current Nevada EMT and a valid driver’s license. Tribal Environmental Director The Environmental Director serves under the direct supervision of the Tribal Programs Administrator and the general direction of the Tribal Chairman and Business Council of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes of the Duck Valley Reservation. The Director is responsible for the overall implementation, and maintenance of environmental programs and grants received through the U.S. E.P.A., BIA and any other Federal Agencies supporting the Tribes, environmental management program. This position is a supervisory position and requires a close working relationship with all environmental staff, environmental consultants, and other departments of the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes.

For Application, Go To: www.shopaitribes.org/sphr/job-postings.html Please Include: Cover Letter, Salary History and/or Expectations, Resume, ShoPai Tribe’s Application and Copy of Any License/Certification email: hr@shopai.org Ph: 208.759.3100 Ext.1224 or 1236 Fx: 888.476.7269

Preference for filling vacancies will be given to qualified Indian Applicants in accordance with Indian Preference Act (Title 25 U.S. Code, Section 472 and 473). However, the Shoshone-Paiute Tribes is an equal opportunity employer and all qualified applicants will be considered in accordance with the provisions of Section 703 (I) of the Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, as amended.


10 | December 2018 - January 2019 | First Nation’s Focus

DECEMBER FEATURE

Moses Davis, of the Big Pine Tribe of the Owens Valley, wore these boots while attending the Stewart Father’s Fay Powwow. Davis has been dancing since he was 6 years old. PHOTOS: Alejandra Rubio

Why I’m proud of my Native travel marks By Alejandra Rubio First Nation’s Focus

EDITOR’S NOTE: To illustrate her story, Alejandra Rubio attended the 2018 Stewart Father’s Day Powwow this past June in Carson City, where she took the images of traditional moccasins seen on this page.

I

didn’t receive my first pair of Apache boots until I was 14 years old, and it was the greatest day of my life.These beautiful boots were made and beaded by my grandmother, Elizabeth. They were white with yellow and green beading that wrapped around the top foot and around the top the boot. I was running for Miss Teen for the Yavapai-Apache Nation and was given these boots, along with a beautiful white buckskin dress that also had yellow and green beading. My grandmother was very talented and had also beaded my T-Necklace to go along with my attire. I won the title for Miss Teen, allowing me to travel to other tribes to help represent my nation — and that put a lot of stress on my attire. I would lose beads, buckles and strands, and my clothing had holes in it. My grandmother, who loves to travel, took me to all the events that I had to attend. She would help and show me how to repair my attire. As for my boots, they were getting too worn out, and we didn’t have time to repair them. You can see how much I had traveled with them, and see all the love I have given them. When I told my grandma that they were starting to get holes in them, she just smiled and told me, “Those are not holes — those are travel marks. Each mark tells a story of how much you love yourself and your culture. These marks show how much time and effort you have put into your heart for your ancestors.

They are very proud of you right now. “ As I got older, I learned more about my nation’s culture, from both the Yavapai and the Apache sides. I learned the language, as well as how to bead, sew dresses and cook. But it wasn’t until I had my daughter that I learned how to make my first set of Apache boots. After completing them, the feeling that came over me was like no other — I felt proud, and most of all I felt complete. Learning how to make moccasins was the best gift that I could ever have in life. As my daughter got older, I taught her how to make her own pair of Apache boots, so she could be able to run for Miss Princess for our nation — and she won! As she came to me one day, she has told me, “My boots has holes in them.” My reply: “Those are not holes — those are travel marks. Each mark tells a story of how much you love yourself and your culture. These marks show how much time and effort you have put into your heart for your ancestors. They are very proud of you right now.” Now, when I’m out gathering, I’m always catching myself looking at everyone’s moccasins. I can see how many travel marks they have. I see socks and toes coming out; I see beads missing, strands missing; I can see the color of the beads fading. Most of all, I can see all the love that was put into their boots. My advice is to love your moccasins and boots, and don’t be embarrassed to show them just because they have holes and they are torn up. Be proud of your travel marks, because they show how much you’re proud to be a Native American. O Alejandro Rubio (Yavapai-Apache) is a graphic design artist for Swift Communications, which publishes First Nation’s Focus.

These moccasins were worn by Skyla Montgomery Gomez, 5, who has been dancing since she was just 1 year old. As you can see, even though Skyla is only 5 years old, her moccasins already have plenty of travel marks

LEFT: Dania Wahwasuck (Miss Pabanamanina 2017-2018) of both the Prairie Band Potawatomi Nation (Kansas) and Pyramid Lake Paiute Tribe (Nevada) has been dancing ever since she could walk. RIGHT: These boots were worn by Luka Montgomery Gomez, age 9.

These moccasins were worn by Janet Cassie Weed, of the Eastern Shoshone Tribe in Fort Washakie, Wyoming. Janet says she has been dancing since she was 6 years old.


First Nation’s Focus | December 2018 - January 2019

| 11

Ask Paul:

Get to know RSIC’s Behavioral Health team Paul Snyder, MA, LADC-S Special to First Nation’s Focus

EDITOR’S NOTE: This month’s Ask Paul column is part one of a two-part column. Next month, Ask Paul will outline the outstanding credentials of the rest of the Behavioral Health Program staff.

I

have been writing this article for the last few years about how the Reno Sparks Tribal Health Center Behavioral Health Program might be able to serve you and your family’s needs. The Behavioral Health team has a vision for your spiritual, emotional, mental and physical health. People understand if they have a toothache, they go to the Reno Sparks Tribal Health Center (RSTHC) dentist. If they have problems with their eyes, they go to (RSTHC) optometry. If they need help with their body, they see their (RSTHC) doctor. Although we have discussed substance use and/or mental health concerns that can be treated in our program, we have not discussed the additional health care and self-wellness reasons to go to the Behavioral Health Department. In order to do this, we have to explore what services are available and, most importantly, the qualifications and experience of the person and the quality of organization who are providing these services. This article is created to answer these questions as well as give our readers insights into the types and quality of services they deserve to receive. I’ll start. I’ve been serving the Reno Sparks Indian Colony as a substance use counselor for a few years now. I am a Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor-Supervisor. I have a Master’s Degree in Addiction Counseling from Hazelden Graduate School of Addiction Studies. I have experience in residential, intensive outpatient, outpatient, individual and group therapy. I’ve also supervised a woman’s treatment program and am a co-lead for a program with the University of Nevada, Reno that instructs health care providers in optimal treatment care for their patients. Also, I offer an evidence based, certified DUI program for levels II, IIIX, and III, as well as the Red Road to Wellbriety group that offers healing through the Native American Elders wisdom using the Red Road to Wellbriety curriculum. The reason I gravitated to this specialty

RSIC’s Behavioral Health team has a vision for your spiritual, emotional, mental and physical health. Photo: Shutterstock

is because addiction can be a life and death challenge. Many of the people I serve know people who have died either because of substance use, or substance use was involved in their death. In my training and years of experience, I’ve learned that substance use and addictive behaviors are just a symptom of a deeper problem. Because of this, I begin by providing a complete evaluation of the person’s whole life. This evaluation is essential as it gives myself and this person a place to begin our work. The evaluation is confidential, and is not a label — it just provides us a place to begin our healing process. It is essential that I work with a group of highly qualified, professional specialists who can provide optimal health care spiritually, emotionally, physically and mentally while we are addressing the substance use. With this in mind, I’d like to introduce the Behavioral Health Care staff at the Reno Sparks Tribal Health Center. Please feel free to contact our Behavioral Health Care department, to access any of these services that are culturally specific to your Native American population.

MARY LASK

Mary Lask, MS, LADC-S, is also a Licensed Alcohol and Drug Counselor-Supervisor. She has a Master of Science Degree in Human Development and Family Systems. She is also the supervisor in our Behavioral Health Department. Mary has recently been appointed to serve as a member of the Board of Examiners for Alcohol, Drug, and Gambling Counselors for the State of Nevada. This appointment by the governor allows Mary to oversee issues related to credentialing and disciplinary actions to assist in the overall improvement of treatment provided within the state. Mary is enthusiastic toward making sure all alcohol and drug and mental health providers provide consistent, quality programs throughout the state. Mary’s years of experience includes individual, group, adolescents and intensive outpatient treatment. She has been a program coordinator and Medicaid Service Coordinator responsible for providing direct supervision, compliance and discipline. Mary currently teaches the Life Skills class, which is an evidence-based structured model to ensure optimal outcomes for her Native American clients. This group meets every Wednesday from 9-11 a.m.

DR. MELINDA EDWARDS

Dr. Melinda Edwards is our psychiatrist. She attended Wofford College in South Carolina and graduated with a Bachelor of Science degree in psychology. She then attended medical school at the Medical University of South Carolina, and did her residency in psychiatry at Stanford Medical Center. Her work experience includes private practice, working at a county mental health clinic and working at the Veterans Administration. She provides support for patients by doing a thorough initial diagnostic assessment and by providing medication that can help treat patients’ symptoms when needed. Dr. Edwards follows up with patients to monitor how they are doing with medication, and provides support for patients who are in crises. She works with patients with a wide range of symptoms, including depression, anxiety, psychosis, suicidal thoughts and substance use disorders. She uses a holistic approach, assessing symptoms and diagnosis while treating and working with the whole person — mind, body, spirit and other aspects of a patient’s life. She loves what she does and is grateful to be working with our Native American population.

DR. ART MARTINEZ

Dr. Art Martinez is one of our Clinical Psychologists. He is a Native American, of the Chumash tribe. Dr. Art Martinez shares a unique melding of cultural and clinical experiences. In 2015, Dr. Art joined the Children’s Bureau established Center for Native Child and Family Resilience. Dr. Art currently serves as the co-director of the newly formed National Quality Improvement Center (QIC) for Preventive Services and Interventions in Indian Country. Dr. Art was previously the Senior Advisor for Tribal Capacity Building for the Capacity Building Center for Tribes, of the Capacity Building Collaborative of Children’s Bureau. In the past, Dr. Art was the executive and clinical director of The Child and Family Institute, one of the principal Mental Health contractors for Sacramento County Child Protective and Children’s Mental Health Services. Dr. Art founded the Washoe Family Trauma Healing Center in Gardnerville, Nevada. In 1999 Dr. Art was appointed by the Secretary of Health and Human services to the National Advisory Council for SAMHSA.

Dr. Art was the past Director of the department of Marriage, Child and Family therapy at the San Diego Campus of Alliant University as well as Director of Counseling and Psychological Services for UC Merced. Dr. Art has served as a nationally known consultant in issues involving Native Americans, Native American Family Dynamics, Indian Child Welfare, Native American Child Development and Native American Traditional values and health interventions. Dr. Art has over 40 years of experience providing psychological and child welfare services to American Indian tribes and communities.

RECEIVING THE BEST CARE POSSIBLE

The best way to receive optimal care for you or your loved one is to ask your provider these questions: What are your qualifications? Where did you get your education? What degrees do you have and what do they mean? Who else is on your team? Who is your supervisor and manager? Do they offer services specifically for the Native American population and are they culturally responsible or trained in your specific population? If people say they are offering substance use programs, ask if they are they SAPTA certified, or ask what certifications they have. What model do they use? Also, take a tour of the facility and meet the providers. People need to take ownership in their spiritual, emotional, mental and physical health. If you or a loved one is struggling with behavioral health issues, take the time to explore the programs available. Ask lots of questions and make sure you are receiving services from qualified, culturally competent, and good resources. Your community leaders believe in and have heavily invested in your healthcare. They believe healthy individuals make healthy families and healthy families make healthy communities. Everyone wins when everybody helps each other obtain and maintain health spiritually, emotionally, mentally and physically! O “Ask Paul” is a health column by Paul Snyder, MA, LADC-S, a Substance Use Counselor at the Reno-Sparks Tribal Health Center. It publishes each month in The Camp News, the monthly newsletter for the Reno-Sparks Indian Colony community. Have a question for Paul? Email him at rsnyder@rsicclinic.org.


12 | December 2018 - January 2019 | First Nation’s Focus

Great People Connecting Communities Tribal News of Nevada and the Eastern Sierra | Vol. 2, No. 4

American Indian Culture and History | Apr-May 2018

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Tribal tourism Tahoe conference to emphasize importance of Native tourism | Page 14

1-4 tribal News of Nevada and the Eastern Sierra | Volume 1-9 1-3

American Indian Culture and history May 2017 American American Indian Indian Culture Culture andand history history | october || April

CELEBRAtINg CULtURE WIth CRADLEBoARDS

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Photos from the annual Walker River Paiute Pinenut Festival Cradleboard Contest. Pages 14-15

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First Nation’s Focus is a place for the Native American/American Indian community to take control of the narrative by sharing positive knowledge, unknown history, and unique opportunities to local Non-Native Communities. We help break any communication barriers between the general public and tribal communities. FREE distribution of 18,000 print copies to all 27 Nevada Tribes + 6 Eastern Sierra CA Tribes + their enterprises, and is inserted into the Nevada Appeal and Record Courier newspapers once a month. Readership of over 55,000 people and we’re online, www.firstnationsfocus.com.

To feature your Tribe or Business in First Nation’s Focus, contact info@firstnationsfocus.com. Follow us

@firstnationsfocus


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