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Chapter 2: Women and Labour Market Venue: Turčianske Teplice, Slovakia. 06-08 February 2013. The workshop was held in the north part of Slovakia, where the unemployment rate is the second highest after the east part and where the empowerment of women is being sought for a long time. Due to this fact, “ESTRA foundation” has organized workshop where unemployed people, businesswomen, youths, students and seniors were invited and have discussed the barriers to set up business, as well as the business environment created in our region and possible supports and benefits from government for which they can apply for. The practical part of the workshop was implemented through a study visit of the entities of successful businesswomen, after which an open discussion with these businesswomen was held. Historically, women have been more affected by unemployment than men. In 2000, the unemployment rate for women in the EU-27 was around 10 %, while the rate for men was below 8 %. By the

end of 2002, this gender gap1 had narrowed to around 1.5 percentage points and between 2002 and mid-2007 this gap remained more or less constant. Since the first quarter of 2008, when they were at their lowest levels of 6.3 % and 7.4 % respectively, the male and female unemployment rates in the EU-27 converged, and by the second quarter of 2009 the male unemployment rate was higher. The decline of the men’s rate during 2010 and the first half of 2011 and the corresponding stability in the women’s rate over the same period brought the male rate below the female one once again. Since then the two rates have risen at the same pace, remaining very close and reaching at the end of 2012 10.7 % for men and 10.8 % for women. Regarding the participants and 1

Gender gap may refer to any statistical disparities between men and women. Usually, however, it refers to differences in labour market statistics, such as the gender pay gap, employment and unemployment.

representatives involved, besides Slovakia, Greece is one of the countries which where female unemployment is separated by 6.2 percentage points to male one (29.7% to 23.5%). Most of partner countries follow this general trend which places female and male rates quite close, not being further than 1 point apart. Only Italy has a rate of 10.6% male unemployment rate to the 12.6% of women. This same distance is visible in Bulgaria in the opposite direction, with 13.6% of unemployed men to the 11.6% of women. Slovakia faces a number of challenges: unemployment, particularly among the young and vulnerable groups, is very high, long-term unemployment remains the highest in Europe and the quality of the education and training system continues to be low. The tax wedge is relatively high for low-income workers and a non-negligible proportion of jobseekers have little incentive to move from

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Work in progress - Final report  

This booklet is a summuary of "Work in progress", a project funded by "Europe for citizens" Programme with the aim of establishing a platfor...

Work in progress - Final report  

This booklet is a summuary of "Work in progress", a project funded by "Europe for citizens" Programme with the aim of establishing a platfor...

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