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Privredni vjesnik Year V No 206

Zvonimir Zdunić, Director, Agricultural Institute Osijek

Science, crisis and agriculture Our 32 doctors of science create new products every day, responding to the global crisis, creative crisis and social vulnerability rimary agricultural production and food production show the most significant guidelines of every region, country or society. This implies the existence of a science institution ready at any time to respond to the need to create a product line of agricultural plants for growing in very varied areas. The synthesis of scientific discoveries and agricultural or market possibilities, that is, science in the service of the economy as well as the transfer of know-how and technology acquired in the field, is one of the most complex and most expensive assignments. Scientific work in the field of plant and seed enrichment at the Agricultural Institute Osijek (PIO) has been continuing for over 130 years, which puts it amongst the largest, oldest and most significant institutions of this type both in Europe and globally. For example, the PIO varieties of wheat and barley dominate the present overall structure of these cultures sown in Croatia – this year wheat was planted on roughly 170,000 hectares and barley on 40,000 hectares. The products of the Agricultural Institute Osijek were used for planting (wheat for 60% and barley over 80%). I can proudly point out over 50% of all Croatian farmland is planted with Osijek’s products. Such a scientific as well as a production and export orientation of the Institute ensures professional stability during these times of general business crisis and un-

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( US$ 309 million

export of timber and timber products during firs

WOOD INDUSTRY

ALMOST 70 ARE FINISH

Many wood producers point out this industry should be a po processing industry Krešimir Sočković fter success last year when the wood sector almost reached similar results to the pre-crisis 2008 in terms of exports, the beginning of this year showed the crisis is still present. During the first four months of this year, Croatian companies exported US$309 million of timber and timber products, 3% less in relation to 2011. At the same time, similar goods with a total value of $185 million were imported, 2% up in relation to 2011. Even though the balance sheet is $123 million in surplus, this is still below the US$136 million from last year. However, when viewed separately, the furniture sector balance sheet is actually negative. Croatia imported $109 million of furniture between January and April or $5 million more than it exported during the same period.

A certainty as well as the funding of science and research work mainly through the economy, and not exclusively from the state budget. By relying on the intelligence of the scientists and the unique business policy of public science and research under conditions of fierce market competition and prior to Croatian EU accession, the Institute is achieving a general rising trend in spreading knowledge and expanding their product line. I am proud to say the Institute has not been downsizing. On the contrary, the Institute invests all its intellectual capabilities and physical capacities in order to preserve the jobs of over 200 staff. Finding a way out of the crisis is always a task and the responsibility of any institution’s leader. Furthermore, 32 doctors of science create new products every day, responding to the global crisis, creative crisis and social vulnerability.

FOR PUBLISHER Nikola Baučić +385 1 4846661 uprava@privredni.hr

IMC MANAGER Dea Olup +385 1 5600028 olup@privredni.hr

EDITOR IN CHIEF Darko Buković +385 1 5600003 bukovic@privredni.hr

TRANSLATION Lučana Banek lucanab@gmail.com Mirjana Cibulka mirjana.cibulka@gmail.com

EXECUTIVE EDITORS Andrea Marić maric@privredni.hr Vesna Antonić antonic@privredni.hr

INTERNATIONAL OPERATIONS Ray Fletcher fletcher@privredni.hr

How to be the focus of attention Many wood producers point out this industry should be a point of interest to politics, economy and banks since it employs one third of total number of employees in the processing industry. Of total GDP, the share is below 0.9%. However, this sector achieved an 8% share in the country’s total goods exchange, which is almost 1% more in relation to 2010. The sector is important since it provides employment, especially in less developed regions, and since energy efficiency and

environmental protection has become more important, this is where considerable savings can be achieved and pollution reduced. According to data on foreign trade activity, last year sector exports increased by 7.5% to $875 million. Imports decreased by 1% to $531 million, and a positive foreign trade balance has increased almost five-fold, from $72 million to $345 million since 2008. At the same time, the import/export ratio stood at 165% last year. Even though many say that cheap wood and products are exported, statistics prove otherwise. Around 70% of exports cover finished products, where

PV International 0206  

PV International - The first weekly newsletter covering the Croatian economy as well as that of the wider region, in English

PV International 0206  

PV International - The first weekly newsletter covering the Croatian economy as well as that of the wider region, in English