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The Impact  of  the  International  Training    and  Co-­‐operation  activities    

   

RESEARCH REPORT          

Authors: Laimonas  Ragauskas  and  Nerijus  Kriauciunas       With  the  support  of  the  Agency  of  International  Youth  Cooperation  (Lithuanian  National  Agency   of  the  Youth  in  Action  Programme)                        

2009 Vilnius


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008  

1. INTERNATIONAL  TRAINING  AND  CO-­‐OPERATION  ACTIVITIES  

Training  and  co-­‐operation  plan       The  training  and  co-­‐operation  plan  (TCP)  is  the  constitutive  part  of  the  annual  activity  plan  of   every   National   Agency,   which   administrates   the   implementation   of   the   Youth   in   Action   Programme.  It  consists  of  different  activities  that  reflect  the  general  aims  of  the  Youth  in  Action   Programme,  its  specific  objectives  and  the  implementation  of  permanent,  annual  and  national   priorities  on  the  national  and  European  level.  By  creating  opportunities  to  learn,  improve,  find   partners  and  successfully  cooperate  with  them,  the  Training  and  cooperation  plan  becomes  one   of   the   main   tools   for   ensuring   the   quality   of   the   Youth   in   Action   projects.   Often   National   Agencies   employ   the   Training   and   cooperation   plan   to   better   adapt   to   changes   and   the   demands   in   the   field   of   youth   activity   or   youth   work.   In   this   way   the   plan   contributes   to   the   implementation  of  the  national  or  European  youth  policy.       The  main  goals  of  the  Training  and  co-­‐operation  plan  are:     • Developing  and  enhancing  the  actions  and  sub-­‐actions  of  the  programme     • Encouraging  and  improving  the  quality  of  the  projects     • Supporting  the  partner  finding  and  co-­‐operation     • Implementing   permanent,   annual   and   national   priorities   of   the   „Youth   in   Action“   programme   • Supporting  and  implementing  the  main  features  of  the  „Youth  in  Action“  programme     • Developing  the  competences  of  youth  workers     • Developing  the  capacities  of  youth  organizations.     The   Training   and   co-­‐operation   plan   consists   of   different   international   and   national   activities   (training   courses,   seminars,   partnership   building   activities,   study   visits,   evaluation   meetings   etc.)  that  take  place  in  Lithuania  as  well  as  in  other  countries  that  take  part  in  the  activities  of   the  programme.     The  TCP  budget  and  the  number  of  activities  and  participants  throughout  the  years  2006-­‐20081  (Agency   of  International  Youth  Cooperation):    Year   2006   2007     2008    

Number of  activities   49   60   80  

Number of  participants   1738   1037   6049  

Budget (in  euros)   160742   152625   162294  

                                                                                                                      1

In  2006  and  2008  the  European  Youth  Week  events  in  Lithuania  were  organized  by  using  funds  of  the  Training   and  co-­‐operation  plan.  956  (in  2006)  and  5237  (in  2008)  participants  took  part  in  those  events  in  Lithuania.  The   number  of  participants  excluding  those  who  participated  in  the  Youth  week  was  782  (in  2006)  and  812  (in  2008).    

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The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

 

Statistics and  type  of  activities     From  2006  to  2008  Agency  of  International  Youth  Co-­‐operation  has  sent  200  youth  leaders  and   youth   workers   to   different   international   training   and   co-­‐operation   events2   that   took   place   in   different   countries   (considering   each   year   separately,   69   persons   participated   in   2006,   52   in   2007,   and   78   in   2008).   A   total   of   112   respondents   participated   in   the   research,   109   of   which   fully  filled  in  the  research  questionnaire,  which  constitutes  more  than  a  half  (54%)  of  the  total   number  of  participants  who  took  part  in  international  events  of  the  National  Agency  in  2006-­‐ 2008.  Therefore  this  research  is  valid  and  represents  the  opinion  of  the  majority  of  participants.   In  accordance  to  the  year  of  participation,  the  respondents  distributed  in  the  following  manner:    

DistribuTon of  respondents  according  to  the  year   of  parTcipaTon  in  the  TCP  acTviTes  

2008 54%  

2006 30%   2007   16%  

Fig.  1.  Distribution  of  respondents  according  to  the  year  of  participation  in  the  TCP  activities       According   to   the   type   and   the   particularity   of   coordination,   4   groups3   of   training   and   co-­‐ operation  activities  can  be  distinguished:     •

Group A   –   permanent   training   courses   –   International   training   courses   (e.g.     BiTriMulti,   SOHO,   TicTac,   Appertiser,   GiN,   etc.)   that   are   being   constantly   organized   by   the   Network   of   National   Agencies.   These   events   are   different   in   a   sense   that   they   are   related   to   a   specific   measure   of   the   „Youth   in   Action“   programme,   they   are   directed   at   new   members  of  the  programme,  have  a  standardized  program  and  are  being  implemented   on  the  regular  basis.  

                                                                                                                      2

Agency  of  International  Youth  Cooperation,  data  of  reports  of  2006,  2007,  2009  

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This  distribution  is  based  on  the  subjective  opinion  and  personal  experience  of  the  authors  of  this  research  and  is   therefore   limited.   However,   in   order   to   identify   the   factors   that   determine   the   impact   a   decision   was   made   to   investigate  whether  the  type  of  activity  has  important  influence  on  the  impact  of  a  activity.    

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The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

Group B   –   thematic   training   events   –   mostly   single   thematic   training   courses   (e.g.   „Theatre,  as  a  means  of  communication  in  youth  work“,  „Dialogue  Among  Civilizations“   etc.),   organized   by   National   Agencies   and/or   SALTO   Resource   Centers.   These   events   are   different   in   a   sense   that   they   mostly   happen   only   once.   Directly   involved   National   Agencies  have  an  opportunity  to  influence  the  content  of  the  event.  

Group C   –   language   courses   –   training   courses   characterized   by   special   focus   on   the   improvement  of  foreign  language  competences  of  youth  leaders  and  youth  workers.  It   also  familiarise  them  with  the  opportunities  and  specifics  of  international  youth  work.        

Group D   -­‐   seminars,   study   visits,   meetings   –   events   that   aim   at   providing   the   opportunity  for  youth  leaders  and  youth  workers  to  meet,  share  experience  and  make   connections   for   further   co-­‐operation   (e.g.   contact   making   seminar,   study   visits,   Youth   Week  events,  etc.).  

 

2. THE  IMAPCT  OF  THE  TRAINING  AND  CO-­‐OPERATION  ACTIVITIES     In   order   to   define   the   impact   of   international   training   and   co-­‐operation   events   the   study4   of   Otten   ir   Fennes   (2008)   was   taken   into   consideration,   in   which   quality   aspects   of   non-­‐formal   education   and   training   in   European   youth   work   are   discussed.   Arnold   (1997),   Gruber   and   Schlögl  (2007)  refer  to  long-­‐term  impact  as  one  of  the  quality  aspects  of  non-­‐formal  education   and  training.  This  impact  is  specified  as:   • • • •

Achievement of  educational  objectives;   Personal  and  professional  development;     Acquirement   of   competences   and   satisfaction   with   acquired   knowledge,   skills   and   attitudes;   Ability,   motivation   and   commitment   to   apply   the   acquired   competences   in   further   learning  and  work  (Otten  and  Fennes,  2008,  p.  21-­‐22)  

The authors   of   the   present   research,   in   accordance   to   the   study   referred   above   as   well   as   considering  the  specific  goals  of  the  research  as  well  as  having  evaluated  its  particular  nature,   have   defined   the   impact   of   the   training   and   co-­‐operation   activities   by   mapping   out   the   following  areas:     • • •

Achievement of  the  general  goals  of  „Youth  in  Action“  programme5;   Development  and  application  of  new  methodical  competence;   Discovering  and  dissemination  of  new  opportunities;  

                                                                                                                      4

Fennes  H.  and  Otten  H  (2008),  Quality  in  non-­‐formal  education  and  training  in  the  field  of  European  youth  work,   accessed  at  (2009.09.19)  http://www.salto-­‐youth.net/trainercompetencestudy/   5  Although  training  events  of  the  year  2006  took  place  in  the  framework  of  the  „Youth“  programme,  its  general   goals  were  basically  the  same  as  those  of  the  “Youth  in  Action”  programme.  Further,  during  the  training  events  of   2006  a  preparation  for  the  implementation  of  a  new  programme  had  already  started.    

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The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

• •

Establishing and  maintaining  contacts   Implementation  of  activities  and  projects  

 

3. RESEARCH  DESCRIPTION     The   main   aim   of   this   research   was   to   determine   the   impact   of   international   training   and   co-­‐ operation  activities  based  on  participants’  evaluation.  The  additional  aim  of  the  research  was  to   identify   factors,   which   determine   the   impact.   The   impact   of   activities   was   investigated   in   the   areas   which   were   mentioned   earlier.   In   order   to   identify   factors   which   determine   the   impact   the  importance  of  the  following  aspects  were  studied:   • Type   of   event   for   the   achievement   of   the   aims   of   „Youth   in   Action“   programme,   improved  methodical  comprehension,  establishment  of  new  contacts;     • Earlier   experience   in   „Youth“   or   „Youth   in   Action“   programme   of   a   person   or   an   organization   for   discovering   new   opportunities   and   implementation   of   new   activities,   improved   methodical   comprehension,   establishment   of   new   contacts   and   creation   of   new  projects;     • The   influence   of   age   on   improved   methodical   comprehension   and   creation   of   new   projects.   In   order   to   achieve   these   aims,   a   quantitative   research   was   designed   and   carried   out.   The   course  of  the  research  was  the  following:   1. Defining   the   impact   of   training   and   co-­‐operation   activities   and   framing   the   research   methodology   2. Creating  a  contact  data  basis  of  the  entire  research  sample     3. Creating,  testing  and  improving  of  the  set  of  research  instruments     4. Implementing  the  research   5. Repeated  collecting  of  missing  research  data   6. Analysing  the  research  data  and  completing  the  research  report   The   research   aimed   at   surveying   at   least   half   of   youth   leaders   or   youth   workers   who   were   sent   to  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  by  the  Agency  of  International  Youth  Co-­‐operation  from   the  year  2006  to  2008.  The  research  was  carried  out  from  July  to  August  of  the  year  2009  by   means  of  an  electronic  questionnaire  (see  Appendices).  Invitation  to  participate  in  the  research   was  sent  via  e-­‐mail.  The  target  group  was  repeatedly  encouraged  to  take  part  in  the  research  at   the   middle   of   the   run   of   the   research.   By   the   end   of   the   research,   i.e.   at   the   beginning   of   September,   several   groups   of   the   sample   in   which   the   participation   was   below   the   desirable   minimum   of   at   least   half   of   participants,   were   repeatedly   encouraged   to   take   part   in   the   research   by   phone.   Two   programs   were   used   for   the   data   analysis   and   the   graphic   representation  of  the  results:  SPSS  and  MS  Excel.       5    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

The  research  process  revealed  several  aspects  that  determined  the  limitation  of  the  research:     1. Out-­‐dated  contact  information  became  a  barrier  for  reaching  a  wider  proportion  of  the   sample     2. Individual  and  exclusive  experience  of  every  activity  limited  the  possibility  of  exploring  a   more   detailed   impact   according   to   different   types   of   specific   training   events.   It   also   made  it  more  difficult  to  make  conclusions  on  what  type  of  activities  are  more  effective,   because   some   of   the   specific   purposed   activities   have   nevertheless   fallen   into   the   established  categories.       3. Individual  learning  experience.  Quantitative  research  method  allowed  collecting  general   information  on  the  impact  of  international  activities,  but  it  failed  to  allow  investigation   of  subjective  experiences  and  individual  needs.       4.  RESULTS  OF  THE  RESEARCH      

4.1. Demographic  data      

DistribuTon according  to  respondents’  age   during  an  acTvity     31  and  above   bellow  18   5%   15%   18-­‐22   40%  

23-­‐30 40%  

Fig. 2.  Distribution  according  to  respondents’  age  during  an  activity  

Respondents   were   grouped   into   four   categories   according   to   the   age   group:   under   18   (these   constituted   a   minority,   since   most   of   the   international   training   activities   have   18   as   the   minimum  age  requirement),  18  to  22  (mostly  students),  23  to  30  years  old  and  over  30.  Figure  2   shows  that  80%  of  the  respondents  were  aged  from  18  to  30.   In  terms  of  the  respondents’  gender,  more  than  two  thirds  of  them  were  females.  It  reflects  a   highly  noticeable  tendency  that  youth  activities  and  youth  work  attracts  more  girls  and  women.     6    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

In addition,  having  analysed  the  entire  sample  the  same  distribution  according  to  gender  was   found.    

DistribuTon according  to  gender   male  28%   female   72%  

Fig. 2  Distribution  according  to  gender  

  Having   analyzed   the   geographic   distribution   of   respondents,   the   results   suggested   that   participants   from   the   largest   towns   of   Lithuania   constituted   a   large   majority,   i.e.   as   many   as   68%   of   respondents   (Fig.   4).   In   contrast,   participants   from   small   towns   and   countryside   constituted  solely  15%  of  the  whole  sample.      

DistribuTon of  respondents  according  to  their  place  of   residence   Vilnius,  Kaunas,  Klaipėda,  Šiauliai  ar  Panevėžys   other  town   small  town  or  village  

15% 17%   68%  

Fig. 4  Distribution  of  respondents  according  to  their  place  of  residence  

Possible  reasons  for  it  include  greater  participation  and  concentration  of  organizations  in  larger   towns  as  well  as  a  more  effective  spread  of  information  and  wider  experience  on  the  part  of     7    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

participants, which   allows   completing   a   more   successful   application   for   participation   in   an   international   activity.   However,   this   distribution   should   only   be   evaluated   tentatively,   since   many  participants  might  have  marked  their  residence  at  the  time  of  filling  in  the  questionnaire,   and   not   during   the   event   itself.   Also,   some   of   the   respondents   were   students,   who   reside   in   larger   towns,   but   continue   doing   activities   in   their   home-­‐towns.   In   order   to   enhance   the   regional   development   of   “Youth   in   Action”   programme,   an   attention   should   be   given   to   the   applications   of   participants   from   smaller   towns   in   order   to   give   them   an   opportunity   to   take   part  in  activities  that  National  Agency  sends  to.  Simplified  information  and  linguistic  assistance   might  also  come  in  handy.       In   order   to   identify   the   relation   between   participants,   experience   of   an   organization   and   the   possible   impact   of   activity,   the   authors   of   the   research   asked   the   respondents   to   indicate   whether   the   training   activity   was   the   first   experience   of   such   kind,   and   whether   the   participant   and  his/her  organization  have  taken  advantage  of  the  opportunities  of  “Youth”  and  “Youth  in   Action”  programmes  before  the  activity.       DistribuTon  of  respondents  according  to  the  previous   parTcipaTon  experience    

YES 47%  

NO 53%  

Fig.  5.  Distribution  of  respondents  according  to  the  previous  participation  experience    

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The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

DistribuTon of  respondents  according  to  the  use  of   opportuniTes  of  „Youth“  and  „Youth  in  AcTon“   programmes  before  the  acTvity    

NO 32%   YES   68%  

Fig.  6.  Distribution  of  respondents  according  to  the  use  of  opportunities  of  „Youth“  and  „Youth   in  Action“  programmes  before  the  activity      

Did your  organisaTon  take  advantage  of   opportuniTes  of  the  programme  before  your   parTcipaTon  in  the  acTvity  organised  by  the  Agency?   NO   29%   YES   71%  

Fig.  7.  Distribution  of  respondents  according  to  their  organizations‘  experience  in  „Youth“  and   „Youth  in  Action“  programmes       A  little  less  than  half  of  the  respondents  had  never  participated  in  this  type  of  activity  before   (Fig.   5),   while   two   thirds   of   the   respondents   and   their   organizations   have   already   used   the   opportunities  of  the  “Youth”  and  “Youth  in  Action”  (Fig.  6)  programmes.  It  is  likely  that  some   people   find   out   about   international   training   activities   at   the   time   of   participation   in   other   “Youth  in  Action”  activities  (e.g.  youth  exchange,  youth  initiatives  etc.).    

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The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

4.2. The  impact     International  training  activities  of  “Youth  in  Action”  programme  aim  at  improving  the  quality  of   the  projects  which  they  fund  as  well  as  raising  the  qualification  of  youth  workers.  Therefore  we   aimed   at   finding   out   to   what   extent   the   participation   in   an   international   activity   helped   the   participants   to   achieve   the   aims   of   the   “Youth   in   Action”   programme.   The   diagram   in   Fig.   8   shows  how  many  respondents  agree  with  the  statements  provided  on  the  right  hand  side.    

The impact  of  the  acTvity  on  the  personal  and   professional  levels  in  relaTon  to  the  programme's   objecTves   completely  dissagree  

more likely  dissagree  

more likely  agree  

completely agree  

neither agree  nor  dissagree  

120 Respons  e  rate  

100 80   60   40   20   0  

41

41

47

50

22 6   0  

68

73

31

23

9 11   8   4   3   3   0   0   0   The  acqvity  empowered  The  acqvity  empowered  The  acqvity  empowered  The  acqvity  empowered   me  to  encouradge  acqve   me  to  develop  young   me  to  promote  the   me  to  support  young   ciqzenship  of  young   people's  sense  of   mutual  understanding   people's  acqvity,  quality   people,  especially   solidarity  and  promote   between  young  people   of  youth  work  and   European  ciqzenship   tolerance   from  different  countries  improve  the  acqviqes  of   my  organisaqon  in  the   youth  field  

Fig.  8.  Impact  of  the  activity  on  the  personal  and  professional  levels  in  relation  to  the   programme's  objectives    

Here  we  can  see  that  the  respondents‘  opinion  distributed  mostly  on  the  first  statement,  which   is   related   to   the   first   objective   and   priority   of   the   „Youth   in   Action“   programme,   which   is   promoting   young   people’s   active   citizenship   in   general   and   their   European   citizenship   in   particular:   40   respondents   fully   agreed   with   the   statement,   other   40   most   likely   agreed   with   the   statement,   22   respondents   neither   agreed,   nor   disagreed,   and   6   respondents   most   likely   disagreed   with   it.     The   remaining   three   statements   have   received   a   fairly   positive   response   –   more   than   90%   of   respondents   indicated   that   they   fully   agree,   or   most   likely   agree   with   the     10    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

provided statements.   Approximately   85%   of   respondents   stated   that   the   activity   empowered   them  to  better  implement  the  general  aims  of  the  “Youth  in  Action”  programme.       While  sending  participants  to  international  training  activities  there  is  often  an  expectation  that   they   would   afterwards   undertake   activities   related   to   the   main   topic   of   the   activity.   66%   of   participants  revealed  that  they  have  undertaken  that  kind  of  activities  (Fig.  9).    

Did you  begin  to  implement  youth  acTviTes  in   relaTon  to  the  main  topic  of  the  acTvity  aeer  taking   part  in  it?   NO   34%  

YES 66%  

Fig.9.  Impact  according  to  implemented  activities,  related  to  the  main  topic  of  the  activity       Being   asked   of   what   specific   activities   they   have   undertaken   having   participated   in   an   event   that  National  Agency  sent  them  to,  the  respondents  could  choose  among  five  types  of  activities   or  indicate  other  activities.  The  diagram  below  reflects  the  activities,  which  were  undertaken  by   the  participants  of  the  activity.  The  respondents  were  allowed  to  choose  more  than  one  type  of   activity,  therefore  the  total  amount  of  answers  exceeds  the  amount  of  respondents.        

Which kind  of  acTviTes  did  you  begin  to  implement  aeer   taking  part  in  the  TCP  acTvity?   Youth  exchange  

30 30   25   20  

20 16  

Youth iniqaqve  

17

Youth democracy  project  

15 10  

7

European voluntary  service  

5

Training and  networking   acqviqes  

0

  11  


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

Fig. 10.  Types  of  implemented  activities  according  to  the  measures  of  the  „Youth  in  Action“   programme     109   respondents   indicated   that   90   projects   have   been   implemented   (or   are   in   the   process   of   implementation  at  the  moment  of  filling  in  the  questionnaire).  Fig.  10  shows  that  one  third  of   them  are  international  youth  exchange,  22%  -­‐  projects  of  the  European  voluntary  service,  18%  -­‐   training  and  co-­‐operation  projects,  and  17%  -­‐  local  and  international  youth  initiatives.   An  attempt  was  made  to  verify  whether  the  implementation  of  projects  following  the  activity   depends   on   its   type.   However,   no   substantial   dependence   was   found,   therefore   non   of   the   activities   showed   statistically   significant   impact   in   terms   of   the   number   of   implemented   projects.     It  has  to  be  noted,  that  activities  taken  up  by  participants  might  have  been  initiated  by  foreign   partners,   since   having   asked   whether   the   participants   of   the   event   have   created   a   specific   project   under   the   “Youth”   or   “Youth   in   Action”   programme,   which   was   directly   or   strongly   related  to  their  participation  in  the  event,  39%  of  respondents  replied  positively  (Fig.  11).       Did  you  develop  a  project  within  the  Youth  or  Youth  in   AcTon  Programme  aeer  taking  part  in  the  TCP  acTvity?  

YES 39%  

NO 61%  

Fig. 11.  Impact  according  to  created  projects  

During  the  research,  correlation  (Pearson’s  correlation  index)  between  the  number  of  created   projects   and   the   participants’   age   was   established   and   the   dependence   between   the   participants’  age  and  the  number  of  implemented  projects  was  found.  It  appeared  that  younger   participants  implemented  relatively  less  projects.  However,  this  dependence  is  not  very  strong   (-­‐0,194),  and  young  respondents  under  18  constituted  solely  15%  of  the  whole  sample.     Another   criteria   of   the   impact   was   the   advancement   of   the   participant’s   methodical   comprehension.  As  many  as  97%  respondents  indicated  that  their  methodical  comprehension   was  developed  as  a  result  of  participation  in  the  training  activity.       12    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

Did you  develop  methodical  comprehension  and   understanding  of  specific  youth  work  methods   during  the  TCP  acTvity?   NO   3%   YES   97%  

Fig. 12.  Impact  according  to  the  developed  methodical  comprehension    

The  majority  of  activities  that  the  participants  were  sent  to  indicate  helping  the  participants  to   use  the  opportunities  of  „Youth  in  Action“  programme  as  one  of  their  goals.  Depending  on  the   activity,  it  can  be  training  on  specific  measure  (e.g.  youth  exchange  or  EVS  projects)  or  on  the   subject   of   using   the   opportunities   of   the   programme   or   by   working   on   a   particular   topic   or   target  group.     Fig.  13  shows  that  as  many  as  81%  of  respondents  have  discovered  new  opportunities  of  the   programme.    

Did you  discover  new  opportuniTes  of  Youth  or   Youth  in  AcTon  during  the  acTvity?   NO   19%   YES   81%  

Fig.  13.  Impact  according  to  newly  discovered  opportunities  of  the  “Youth”  or  “Youth  in  Action”   programmes       No  essential  dependence  was  found  between  the  type  of  activity  and  this  area  of  impact.       13    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

DisstribuTon accoding  the  type  of  acTvity  and  its   impact  on  the  newly  discovered  opportuniTes  of  the   programme   100%  

6

7

50%

38

24

4

4 4  

22

0% A  

B

C YES  

D

NO

Fig.  14.  Comparison  of  activity  types  according  to  the  number  of  participants,  who  discovered   new  opportunities  of  the  “Youth  in  Action”  programme       This   research   not   only   aimed   at   determining   the   impact   on   participants   themselves,   but   also   at   finding   out   how   they   used   the   acquired   knowledge   afterwards   in   their   organization   or   community.  The  participants  were  allowed  to  mark  several  answers.  Fig.  15  below  shows  that   77   respondents   (or   70%)   shared   their   experience,   54%   of   respondents   disseminated   the   information   on   the   opportunities   of   the   programme   in   their   community,   43%   of   respondents   indicated   that   they   have   played   a   role   of   advisors   and   helped   other   people   to   use   the   opportunities  of  the  “Youth  in  Action”  programme.     How  did  you  use  the  newly  discovered  opportuniTes  of  Youth  or   Youth  in  AcTon?   77  

Response rate  

80 60  

I shared  experience  of  the  newly   discovered  opportuniqes  with  my   organisaqon   I  helped  other  people  to  benefit   from  the  newly  discovered   opportuniqes   I  disseminated  the  informaqon   about  newly  discovered   opportuniqes  within  my  community  

59 47  

40 20   0  

Fig. 15.  The  use  of  discovered  opportunities         14    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

Another criteria   of   impact   was   beneficial   contacts   established   with   other   participants   of   an   activity.   An   attempt   was   made   to   find   out   whether   any   beneficial   contacts   were   established   and  how  they  were  used  afterwards  (Fig.  16).  93  respondents  (85%)  indicated  that  they  have   established  beneficial  contacts.     Did  you  develop  useful  contacts  with  other   parTcipants  during  the  acTvity?   NO   15%   YES   85%  

Fig. 16.  Impact  according  to  established  beneficial  contacts  

Out   of   those,   82   respondents   stated   that   they   further   maintain   personal/professional   contacts;   38  respondents  stated  that  the  beneficial  relationship  developed  into  a  specific  project  of  the   “Youth   in   Action”   programme;   26   respondents   stated   that   following   the   activity   the   participants’  organizations  have  started  an  international  co-­‐operation.       What  kind  of  contacts  did  you  develop  during  the  acTvity?  

Respondentų skaičius  

83 90   80   70   60   50   40   30   20   10   0  

organisaqons started  to   cooperate   started  to  cooperate  by   implemenqng  Youth  or  Youth  in   Acqon  project(s)  

38 26  

maintain personal-­‐professional   relaqonships  with  parqcipants  of   the  acqvity  

Fig. 17.  Types  and  continuity  of  established  contact      

5. CONCLUSIONS  AND  RECOMMENDATIONS       15    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

Conclusions   1. A  generally  positive  impact  of  taking  part  in  international  National  Agency  activities  was   determined:   approximately   85%   of   respondents   stated   that   the   activity   empowered   them  to  better  implement  the  general  aims  of  the  “Youth  in  Action”  programme;  66%  of   respondents  indicated  that  they  have  undertaken  activities  related  to  the  main  topic  of   the  activity  and  before  this  research  90  projects  have  been  implemented  as  a  result  of   participation   in   the   activity.   39%   of   respondents   revealed   that   they   have   created   a   specific  project  within  the  “Youth”  or  “Youth  in  Action”  programme;  97%  respondents   indicated   that   the   activity   helped   them   to   develop   their   methodical   comprehension;   81%   respondents   indicated   that   they   have   discovered   new   opportunities;   85%   of   respondents  stated  that  they  have  established  beneficial  contacts.   2. An   attempt   was   made   to   determine   the   factors   that   enhance   the   positive   impact   of   the   participation   in   an   activity.   Also,   the   research   aimed   at   verifying   whether   the   type   of   activity,  the  participants’  experience,  gender  and  residence  have  any  influence,  yet  the   data  analysis  did  not  show  any  statistical  significance  of  these  factors.   3. The   research   data   revealed   that   participation   in   international   training   activities   of   National   Agency   lacks   the   balance   in   gender   and   residence   representation.   72%   of   people  sent  were  females,  and  28%  -­‐  males;  participants  who  were  residents  of  larger   towns  constituted  68%  of  respondents.         Recommendations     1. As  it  was  mentioned  in  the  research  methodology  outline,  the  quantitative  research  had   its  limitations  when  it  comes  to  determining  the  causes  of  the  effect  of  a  specific  activity   or   its   individual   impact   (e.g.   how   the   learning   experience   was   specifically   used   in   practice).   In   order   to   determine   the   effect   of   each   individual   activity,   individual   qualitative  researches  should  be  conducted.     2. We   suggest   creating   a   continuous   evaluation   system   for   evaluating   the   impact   of   training  activities,  which  would  allow  collecting,  processing  and  evaluating  the  impact  of   participation  in  international  training  activities  and  making  adequate  conclusions  while   compiling   the   yearly   Training   and   co-­‐operation   plan.   Having   a   couple   of   years   passed   since  the  participation  in  the  activity  it  becomes  difficult  to  reach  the  respondents  due   to   out-­‐dated   contact   information.   Also,   the   participants   themselves   find   it   difficult   to   identify  the  impact  of  an  activity  which  they  have  partially  forgotten.   3. We   think   that   it   would   be   worthwhile   to   find   out   what   are   the   reasons   for   receiving   fewer   participants   from   smaller   towns   and   countryside.   A   research   of   this   kind   would   aim   at   framing   adequate   information,   encouragement   and   support   measures,   which   would  ensure  that  youth  leaders  and  youth  workers  who  reside  in  less  privileged  areas     16    


The research  report  of  the  impact  of  training  and  co-­‐operation  activities  from  2006  to  2008

of Lithuania   have   access   to   international   training   activities   (often,   a   simplified   information  adapted  to  different  target  groups  and  linguistic  assistance  might  help).  

17    

The Impact of the International Training and Co-­‐operation activities  

The main aim of this research was to determine the impact of international training and co-­‐ operation activities based on participants’ ev...

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