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Year 9, Issue 32, 03 - 09 Mar 2015

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

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dbg k'/:sf/ ljh]tf /fwf a]nfotdf KATHMANDU 25.5x16.7cm.indd 1

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

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gsf/fTds cg'ejx?af6 eljiosf nflu kf7 l;Sg' a'l4dfgL ePsf] pNn]v 5 . ut ;ftfsf] ;fwf/0f;efnfO{ Pgcf/Pg o's]sf] nflu P]ltxfl;s lbg eGb} To;} lbgaf6 ;+:yfnfO{ ;lx lbzfdf cl3 a9fpg] dfu{ k|z:t ePsf] ljZjf; lj1KtLdf JoQm 5 . lj1KtL dfkm{t cWoIf d08nn] ljutsf] g]t[TjnfO{ wGojfb / gofF g]t[TjnfO{ z'esfdgf klg JoQm u/]sf] 5 . ;+:yfleqsf] cfly{s kf/blz{tf ;DaGwL k|Zgx?af/] 5fgljg ug{ ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt ;b:o sdn u'?ª ;+of]hs / /fi6« /fO{ ;x–;+of]hs /x]sf] cfly{s 5fgljg ;ldlt / ;+/Ifs ;ldltsf cWoIfsf] ;+of]hgdf ;Nnfxsf/ rGb|axfb'/ u'?ª ;b:o /x]sf] cg'zf;g 5fgljg ;ldlt u7g ePsf] ;d]t hfgsf/L lj1KtLdf u/fOPsf] 5 . To:t} ;+3sf] ;+/If0f kl/ifb\sf] lgb]{zg / ;'kl/j]If0fdf sf7df8f}+df o;} jif{ cfof]hgf x'g] cGt/f{li6«o

;ldltsf] dxflwj];g tyf ljZj ;Dd]ngcl3 g} cfufdL 5 dlxgfleqdf ;+3sf] /fli6«o kl/ifb\sf] clwj];g ;DkGg u/L gofF sfo{;ldltsf] lgjf{rg ug{ ;fwf/0f;efn] jt{dfg sfo{;ldltnfO{ lgb]{zg u/]sf] lj1KtLdf pNn]v 5 . ljz]if clwj];gdf ;xefuL x'g] cfO;L;L dxf;lrj s'df/ kGt, o'/f]k ;+of]hs ch'{g >]i7nufot oxfFl:yt ljleGg ;+3;+:yfsf k|ltlgwL, kqsf/ tyf ;Dk'0f{ cltyLnfO{ cWoIf d08nn] wGojfb 1fkg u/]sf] 5 . ut ;ftf cN8/;6df ;DkGg Pgcf/Pg o's]sf] ljz]if ;fwf/0f;efn] ;+:yfsf] g]t[Tj of]u]g If]qLaf6 dx]Gb| sF8]ndf x:tfGt/0f u/]sf] lyof] . ljut 8]9 jif{b]lv cWoIf s]Gb|Lt g]t[Tj ljjfbdf clNemPsf] Pgcf/Pg o's] ca Pstfj4 / lsrnf] d'Qm x'g] ck]Iff ;j{;fwf/0fn] u/]sf 5g . 

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sfo{qmd ul/g' k|z+;gLo sfo{ ePsf] hgfP . kmfp08]zgsf 6«i6L cWoIf pQd cdfTon] :jfut dGtJo lbPsf lyP . sfo{qmddf An8 8f]g;{sf cWoIf Pe/]i6 uf}tdn] Pzf]l;P;gn] ;~rfng u/]sf /Qmbfgnufotsf sfo{qmdaf/] hfgsf/L u/fP . sfo{qmddf g]kfnaf6 cfPsL g;{ /fwf kf}8]nn] o:tf sfo{qmd g]kfndf klg h?/L /x]sf] atfOg\ . pgn] g]kfndf xf6{ c6\ofs / l8d]lG;of kLl8tsf] cj:yf emg\ bogLo ePsf] pNn]v ul/g\ . pQm sfo{qmd ;kmn agfpg hof /fO{, k|;'gf sF8]nnufotsf] ;lqmo ;xeflutf lyof] . g]kfnL ;xefuL sfo{qmd, jQmf g]kfnL g} / sfo{qmdsf] p2]Zo :jf:Yo r]tgf lbg' /x]klg jQmf 8fS6/x?n] c+u|]hLdf k|:t'tL lbbf ;j{;fwf/0f bz{sx? cndnem}+ b]lvGy] . 


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Pgcf/Pg o's]n] a]nfotdf a;f]jf; ul//x]sf ;a} g]kfnLsf] cfsf+Iffx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg ug{ ;Ifd x'g]5 / Pgcf/Pg cleofgsf] d'n nIo k|flKtsf nflu of]ubfg k'¥ofpg ;a}nfO{ cem} a9L pT;fxk"0f{ ?kdf Pstfa4 u/fpg]5 .Ú Pgcf/Pg o's]n] ;~rfng ug]{ ;a} sfo{qmdx?sf] ;kmntfsf] nflu cWoIf sF8]n / l;+uf] sfo{ ;ldltnfO{ g} cWoIf 3n]n] z'esfdgf klg lbPsf 5g\ . 

k|f= ;'j]bLnfO{ gof“ cGt/f{li6«o lgo'lQm n08g–SofDaf]l8ofsf nflu dfgj clwsf/ ;DaGwL /fi6«;+3Lo ljz]Èb"tsf] ?kdf pgsf] ^ jÈ]{ sfo{sfn ;dfkg x'g} nfu]sf] ;dodf k|f= 8f= ;'o{ ;'j]bLn] csf]{ gof“ cGt/f{li6«o lhDd]jf/L kfPsf 5g\ . :jL6h/Nof08sf] 8fef];l:yt ljZj cfly{s d~r / h]g]efl:yt cGt/f{li6«o Jofkf/ tyf lbuf] cfly{s ljsf; s]Gb| -ICTSD_ n] j}b]lzs nufgL ;DaGwL cGt/f{li6«o gLlt lgdf{0f ug{ u7g u/]sf] Ps pRr:t/Lo sfo{bndf k|f= ;'j]bLnfO{ lgo'Qm ul/Psf] xf] . 8fef];l:yt pQm ;+:yf ;+;f/sf /fhgLlts g]tfx?, 7"nf cf}wf]lus nufgLstf{ / pBdLx?sf] ljZjsf]

cfly{s l:yltaf/] 5nkmn / gLlt lgdf{0f ug]{ k|ltli7t ;+:yf xf] . ;+;f/sf ljleGg k|ltli7t ;+:yfaf6 ljz]È bÔtfsf cfwf/df lgo'Qm ul/Psf ljz]È1x?sf] pQm sfo{bndf k|f= ;'j]bLnfO{ cGt/f{li6«o j}b]lzs nufgL ;DaGwL sfg'gdf pgsf] bÔtfsf] cfwf/df lgo'Qm ul/Psf] atfOPsf] 5 . pgsf] ;g\ @))* df cS;kmf]8{af6 k|sflzt …OG6/Gofzgn OGe]:6d]G6 nM l/sG;fOlnª kf]ln;L P08 lk|lG;knÚ k':ts ;+;f/sf w]/} ljZjljBfnodf k7gkf7gdf pkof]u x'“b} cfPsf] 5 . pgL a]nfotsf] ln8\; ljZjljBfnodf cGt/f{li6«o sfg'gsf k|fWofks / n08gdf Jofl/i6/ 5g\ . 

03 - 09 Mar 2015

!( – @% kmfu'g @)&!

4

g]kfnsf] hghflt cfGbf]ngnfO{ o's]af6 !) nfv ;xof]u cf;kmf]8{÷g]kfndf klxrfg ;lxtsf] ;+3Lotfsf] dfuu b}{ hf/L cfGbf]ngnfO{ a]nfotaf6 !) nfv ?k}of“sf] cfly{s ;xof]u k7fOPsf] 5 . g]kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 o's]sf] kxn / o's]df /x]sf hftLo ;+:yfx?sf] ;lqmotfdf ;f] /sd hDdf ePsf] xf] . dxf;+3 o's]sf cWoIf >Lk|;fb lnDa'sf cg';f/ o; k6s klxnf] r/0fsf] /sd dfq k7fOPsf] xf] . ut @( gf]e]Da/sf lbg n08gdf ;DkGg ;+3Lo kl/ifb\sf] a}7sdf ePsf] lg0f{ocg';f/ a]nfotl:yt hftLo ;+:yfx?sf] ;xeflutfdf cfly{s ;+sng ;'? ePsf] xf] . h;cGtu{t ls/fFt ofSy'ª r'Dn'ªn] !# ;o kfp08, td'lw+ o's]n] !! ;o, 5GTofn ;dfhn] ! xhf/, du/ ;+3 o's]n] ! xhf/, z]kf{ ;dfhn] & ;o, b'/f ;dfhn] % ;o, ;+3Lo lnDa'jfg ;dfhn] $ ;o ;f7L, ;'g'jf/ ;dfhn] $ ;o ^* nufot s]xL AolQmut ;xof]udf pQm /sd p7]sf] xf] . af“sL ;+:yfx?af6 ;xof]u /sd cfpg] qmd hf/L /x]sf] cWoIf lnDa'n] atfP . g]kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 cGt/f{li6«o ;+3if{ ;ldltn] u/]sf] cfu|xcg';f/ kBd/Tg t'nfwf/ g]t[Tjsf] cflbjf;L hghflt /fli6«o cfGbf]ngsf Ps k|ltlgwL, dxf;+3 cGt/f{li6«o ;3if{ ;ldltsf Ps k|ltlgwL / g]kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 g]kfnsf] Ps k|ltgLlwsf] ;+o'Qm gfddf vf]lnPsf] vftfdf pQm /sd k7fOPsf] xf] . of] /sd cfGbf]ng kLl8tnfO{ /fxt / ;+r]tgf sfo{sf] nflu k7fOPsf] dxf;+3 cWoIf lnDa'n] hgfP . ljleGg @@ d'n'sdf /x]sf cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 cGt/f{li6«o ;+3if{ ;ldltn] lgdf{0f u/]sf] …cfGbf]ng kLl8t /fxt tyf ;r]tgf clej[l4 sf]ifÚ sf] g]t[Tj klg cWoIf lnDa'n] g} ul//x]sf 5g\ . 

td' Ko] Nx' ;+3sf] ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg

a]nfotsf du/n] dgfP du/ lbj;

cN8/;6÷td' Ko] Nx' ;+3 o's]n] zlgaf/ lg/dfof /f]wL 3/ cN8/;6df cfkm\gf] bzf}“ jflÈ{s ;fwf/0f;ef ;DkGg u/]sf] 5 . ;+3sf] cWoÔ ;f]d Txf]h]{ td'sf] ;efkltTjdf ;~rfng ePsf] ;f] sfo{qmddf ;lrj e]u RxfSnL / ;x–;lrj v]d ;a'{h td'n] ;+o'Qm ?kdf ;~rfng u/]sf lyP . ;fwf/0f;efdf ;+3df sfo{ ;ldltsf kbfwLsf/Lx?, ;Nnfxsf/ ;ldlt, cfdf ;d"x, o'jf ;ldlt, cfhLjg ;b:ox?nufotsf] pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] . ;+3sf] cWoÔ ;f]d Txf]h]{, kRo' k}“8L lrjf of/hª S/f]D5] / td' Ko] Nx' ;+3 xªsªsf ;Nnfxsf/ Ol~hlgo/ lahoTxf]h]{af6 ;+oQm ?kdf lbof] k|Hjng tyf

n08g÷du/ ;+3 o's]sf] cfof]hgfdf du/x?n] a]nfotdf du/ lbj; dgfPsf 5g\ . /]l8ªl:yt l/e/ld8 lnh/ ;]G6/df cfof]hgf ul/Psf] ;f] sfo{qmddf a]nfotsf ljleGg efudf a:g] du/x?sf] pNn]Vo pkl:ytL /x]sf] lyof] . ;+3sf cWoÔ b'taxfb'/ k'gsf] cWoÔtfdf ePsf] sfo{qmddf k|d'v cltyL ;+3sf k"j{ cWoÔ d]h/ l/6fo8{ s'naxfb'/ yfkf /x]sf lyP . cGo cltyLx?df g]kfn b"tfjf;sf ;"o{axfb'/ yfkf, du/ ;+3 o's]sf ;+/Ôs 3g yfkf, DofUbL lhNnf ljsf; ;ldltsf k"j{ ;efklt ef]uaxfb'/ yfkf, g]kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dxf;+3 o's]sf cWoÔ Z/Lk|;fb lnDa', ljZj g]kfnL ;flxTo dxf;+3sf cWoÔ ljZjf;bLk ltu]nf, td'lw+ o's]sf cWoÔ /fdrGb| -;'h]{_ u'?ª, g]kfn cflbjf;L hghflt dlxnf dxf;+3 o's]sL cWoÔ sdnf yfkf, olt g]lKnh P;f]l;P;gsf cWoÔ pd]z df]Qmfgnufot ljleGg ;+3;+:yfsf k|ltlgwL /x]sf lyP . sfo{qmddf du/ lbj;sf

Jofg/ cgfj/0f u/L ;d'b\3f6g ul/Psf] ;f] sfo{qmddf :jf:Yo tyf ;'/Ôf ;DaGwL hfgsf/L ;lrj e]u RxfSnL td'n] u/fPsf lyP . ;f] ;efdf pkl:yt ;a}nfO{ pkfWoÔ x'daxfb'/ Sxf]n td'n] :jfut dGtJo lbPsf lyPF . o;}u/L td' Ko] Nx' ;+3 xªsªsf ;Nnfxsf/ Ol~hlgo/ lahoTxf]h]{, ;+3sf ;Nnfxsf/ tyf k"j{ cWoÔ hut KxRo', kRo' k}“8L lrjf of/hª S/f]D5] / k|d'v ;Nnfxsf/ Sof= 8]d axfb'/ of]h td' ;d]tn] ;+3sf] bzf}“ jflif{s ;ef ;kmntfsf] z'esfdgf dGtJo lbPsf lyP . ;efdf td' Ko] Nx' ;+3 s]Gb|Lo cWoÔ Sof= ?k axfb'/ u/Ah td', td' Ko] Nx' ;+3 ;lb{vf]nf / td' Ko] Nx' ;+3 pkTosf ;ldlt sf7df8f+}n] o's] td' Ko] Nx';+3sf] bzf}“ jflÈ{s ;ef ;kmntfsf] nflu k7fPsf] z'esfdgf ;Gb]z klg k9]/ ;'gfOPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmdsf] bf];|f] r/0fdf ;+3sf] ljwfg d:of}bf tof/L ;ldltsf ;+of]hs gf/fo0f Nx]“u] td'n] ;+3sf] ljwfg ;+zf]wgfy{ tof/ ul/Psf] ljwfg d:of}bfaf/] k|sfz kf/]sf lyP eg] ;x–;+of]hs d]h/ -l/_ v';LdfgNx]u“ ] td'n] k|fh ] S] 6/df kfj/ KjfOG6jf/f ;+3sf] ;+zf]lwt ljwfgsf] d:of}bf k]z u/]sf lyP . o;}u/L, ;lrj e]u RxfSnL td'n] ;+3sf] ;f+u7flgs k|ltj]bg / ;~rf/ ;+of]hs g]q 6' td'n] v]uL ;ldltsf] k|ltj]bg k]z u/]sf lyP eg] sf]ÈfWoÔsf] cfly{s k|ltj]bg klg ;f] ;efdf k|:t't ul/Psf] lyof] . k|:t't k|ltj]bg tyf ljwfg d:of}bf ;efn] cg'df]bg u/]sf] lyof] . ;+3sf] ljwfg ;+zf]wgfy{ ljwfg d:of}bf tof/L ;ldltsf ;+of]hs k|fWofks gf/fo0f Nx]u“ ] td'n] cg'df]lbt d:of}bf ;+3nfO{ x:tfGt/0f u/]sf lyP . m  afr:klt /]UdL

af/]df ;+ 3 sf ldl8of ;Nnfxsf/ /d] z l;+ x ;/fªsf] 6 Ln] hfgsf/L u/fPsf lyP eg] sfo{ q mdsf ;+ o f] h s tyf pkfWoÔ g] d yfkfn] :jfut dGtAo / dxf;lrj ad yfkf ;' o { j + z Ln] cf} k rfl/s sfo{ q md ;~rfng u/] s f lyP . sfo{ q mddf cWoÔ k'g, k"j{ cWoÔ yfkfn] cfkm\gf] dGtAo /fv]sf lyP . sfo{ q mdsf o;} jÈ{ ljleGg o' l gel;{ 6 Laf6 u| f h' o ;g ug] { du/ ljBfyL{ x ?, a] n fotL ;] g fsf] n] l km6g] 0 6 s0f] { n kbdf k' U g ;kmn ofdaxfb' / /fgfnufotnfO{ ;Ddfg ul/Psf] lyof] . sfo{ q mdsf] bf] ; | f ]

;qdf du/x?sf] k/Dk/f / ;+ : s[ l tdf cfwfl/t ;f“:s[lts sfo{qmdxx? b]vfOPsf] lyof] . ;f+:s[lts ;lrj clgtf /fgf / ax' k|ltefzfnL o'jf ;/nf yfkfn] ;~rfng u/]sf] ;f] sfo{qmddf k"jL{ g]kfnsf du/x?n] gfRg] x'/f{ gfr, klZrd g]kfnsf du/x?n] gfRg] sf}/f, k'Vof}{nL yfnL gfr, /fKtL Ô]qsf du/x?n] gfRg] e"Dof gfrnufot b]vfOPsf] lyof] . k|yd zxLb nvg yfkfsf] hLjgLdf cfwfl/t / du/ o'y 6f]nLaf6 k|:t't gf6sn] ;xefuLsf] dg lht]sf] lyof] eg] :jL08g zfvfsf] sf}/f / s]G6 zfvfsf kf“r jÈ{sf

aflnsfx?sf] sf}/f gfrn] ;a}nfO{ dGq d'Uw agfPsf] lyof] . sfo{qmddf sNkgf k'g, eLd cfn] / SofK6]g jL/axfb'/ yfkfn] ufog k|:t't u/]sf lyP . a]nfotsf] hf8f] df};dsf afah'b 6f9f–6f9faf6 klg du/x? du/ lbj;df efu lng cfPsf lyP . sfo{qmd:yn vrfvr el/Pkl5 cfof]hsx? klg k|km'Nn b]lvGy] . g]kfndf t];|f] 7"nf] hg;+Vof cf]u6\g] du/ hfltsf] ;f´f ;+:yf g]kfn du/ ;+3sf] :yfkgf ePsf] lbg kmfu'g !% -@)#( kmfu'g !%_ ut]nfO{ du/ lbj;sf ?kdf b]z ljb]zdf dgfpg] ul/G5 . 


o'/f]ksf]

g]kfnLkq

www.nepalipatra.com

03 - 09 Mar 2015

cfj/0f

!( – @% kmfu'g @)&!

5

==km};nfsf] ;+3f/df s0f]{n nfdf k|s/0f km};nf 5 xKtfleq} o' 4 sfndf g] k fndf aGbLnfO{ oftgf lbPsf] cleof]udf a]nfotdf d' 4 f v] l k/x] s f g] k fnL ;] g fsf s0f]{n s'df/ nfdfsf] d'4fdflysf] ;'gj' fO{ hf/L 5 . km]ac '| /L @& tfl/v d+unaf/ n08gl:yt ;]G6«n lqmldgn sf] 6 { d f ;' ? ePsf] ;' g ' j fO{ cem} s] lx lbg;Dd rNg]5 . !@ ;b:o h'/Laf6 eO/x]sf] ;'gj' fO{ ;lsPkl5 5 xKtf;Dddf cbfntn] clGtd km};nf ;'gfpg] ck]Iff 5 . nfdfdflysf] cleof]u k'li6 eP pgnfO{ hGds}b;Ddsf] ;hfo x'g ;Sg]5 . ;g\ @))% df slknj:t'sf] uf]?l;+u] Aof/]ssf] O~rfh{ /xFbf aGbL hgsaxfb'/ /fpt / s/d x';]gdfly r/d zf/Ll/s oftgf lbPsf] cleof]u nfdfnfO{ nufOPsf] 5 . nfdfnfO{ g] k fndf lhNnf cbfntsf] km};nfdf ;hfo eO;s]sf] ePklg a]nfotn] ;f]lx cleof]udf kqmfp u/]/ km]l/ d'4f rnfPsf] xf] . Pp6} ck/fwsf] nflu b'O{ k6s ;hfo ug'{ cGofok"0f{ eGb} g]kfn ;/sf/n] klg a]nfotnfO{ nfdfdflysf] cleof]u lkmtf{ ug{ cfu|x u/]sf] lyof] . sltko sfg' gljb\ n] klg o;af6 g]kfnsf] ;fj{ef}ldstf dfly g} x:tIf]k ePsf] eGb} lj/f]w hgfPsf 5g\ . s] 5 cleof]u n08gl:yt ;] G 6« n lqmldgn sf] 6 { d f ;' g ' j fO{ rln/xF b f s0f] { n nfdfdfly ljkIfL jlsnaf6 uDeL/ cf/f]k nufOPsf] 5 . dfcf]jfbL / ;/sf/aLrsf] o'4sfndf dfcf]jfbL ePsf] cfz+sfdf kqmfp k/]sf aGbLnfO{ r/d zf/Ll/s oftgf lbg nfdfn] cfb]z lbPsf] cf/f]k 5 . ;g\ @))% df nfdf slknj:t' s f] uf] ? l;+ u ] Aof/]ssf] sdf08/ /xFbf ToxfF aGbL /x]sf hgsaxfb'/ /fpt / s/d x';g] nfO{ oftgf lbg lgb]{zg lbPsf] cf/f]k nfdfnfO{ nufOPsf] xf] . nfdfsf] d'4fdf ljkIfL jlsn aaL rLdfn] ;]G6«n lqmldgn sf]6d{ f s]; cf]kg ub}{ elgg, …ha oftgf lbg] sfddf ;+nUg d'Vo JolQm g} a]nfotdf km]nf k5{ . p;nfO{ cfkm\gf] ck/fwsf nflu sf/afxL lbnfpg' oxfFsf clwsf/Lsf] nflu Ps afWotf x'g] u5{ .Ú laNs' n } km/se" d L / ;+ ; f/s} cs{} s'gfdf lbOPsf] oftgf ePklg oftgf lbg]nfO{ bl08t ug]{ k|lta4tf ck/fwLx?nfO{ h'g;'s} s'gfdf k'u]klg ;'/lIft x'g glbg] cfwf/e"t l;4fGt xf] . …dfcf]jfbL / g]kfnsf] ;/sf/aLr o'4 rln/xFbf dfcf]jfbLnfO{ ;3fPsf] cfz+sfdf hgsaxfb'/ /fpt / s/d x';]gnfO{ kqmfp ul/Psf] lyof],Ú jlsn rLdfn] elgg\, …slknj:t'sf] uf]?l;+u] eGg] Aof/]sdf aGbLsf ?kdf /flvPsf

pgLx?nfO{ ;'/IffsdL{n] k'/} b'Jo{xf/ u/] . / Tof] b'Jo{xf/ / oftgfsf] ;Ldf lgs} kL8fbfoL lyof] .Ú kqmfp k/]sf /fpt :yfgLo Ps :jf:Yo ;+:yfdf sfd ug]{ ;fdfGo sd{rf/L ePsf] rLdfn] atfOg\ . …p;n] dfcf]jfbL cyjf dfcf]jfbL ljb|f]xsf] ;dy{s eg]/ :jLsf/ g} u/]sf] 5}g,Ú pgn] ax;df ylkg\, …t/ klg cfz+sfsf] e/df p;nfO{ kqmfp ul/of] / ;g\ @))% sf] clk|ndf nfdf sdf08/ /x]sf] uf]?l;+u] Aof/]sdf nu]/ b'O{ xKtf s}b ul/of] .Ú …;' ? df /fptsf] cfF v fdf k§L afF w ] / p;nfO{ nfQLn] lxsf{ p g] / ckdfghgs efiffdf ufnL ug]{ sfdx? eP,Ú rLdfn] h'/LnfO{ 36gfaf/] atfpFb} elgg\, …p;nfO{ xftdf xts8L nufP/ glhs}sf] Pp6f h+undf nluof] / elgof] ls, ca tnfO{+ xfdL oftgf lbb}5f}+ .Ú /fjtnfO{ h+ u ndf k' ¥ ofP/ 306f}+;Dd n7\7L / nfQLn] lxsf{pFb} s]/sf/ ul/Psf] cf/f]k jlsn rLdfn] nufOg\ . pgn] elgg\, …s0f]{n nfdfn] klg d} n ] o;sf] pkrf/ u5' { eg] / zf/Ll/s oftgfsf nflu s8f ?kdf wDsL lbPsf lyP .Ú s0f] { n nfdfn] kmnfdsf] /8, kmf]?jf / n¶L NofP/ aGbL /fjtnfO{ s'6\g nufPsf] bfaL lrdfn] u/]sL l5g . …cfFvfdf k§L / xftdf xts8L nufOPsf] lgl/x aGbLnfO{ ;}lgsx?n] lgd{d tl/sfn] s'6b} uPFÚ, rLdfn] k36gfsf] km]xl/:t nufOg\, …3f]K6f] kf/]/ hldgdf n8fOPsf] p;nfO{ v'§fdfly prfNg nufP/ ;} l gsx?n] n¶L / nfQLn] lxsf{ p F b } uP .Ú oftgfsf] pTsif{df aGbLsf ;+j]bgzLn c+udf ;d]t k|xf/ ub}{ p;nfO{ c;x\o kL8f lbOPsf] a;xsf qmddf rLdfn] atfOg . jlsn rLdfn] s0f]{n nfdfn] aGbLx?nfO{ oftgf lbg] sfddf cfkm" ;+nUg ePsf] cf/f]k :jLsf/ gu/]sf] klg atfOg . pgn] elgg\, …nfdfn] cfkm" k|ToIf ?kdf s'g} klg vfnsf] oftgf lbg] jf lbnfpg] sfddf ;+nUg ePsf]

c:jLsf/ u/]sf 5g\ . t/, pgn] /fjt / x';]gdfly Aof/]sdf b'Jo{jxf/ ePsf] x'g ;Sg] tYo eg] :jlsf/ u/]sf 5g\ .Ú g]kfnsf nflu ;+oQ' m /fi6«;+3sf Ps e"tk"j{ ljz]ifb"tsf] l/kf]6{nfO{ p4[t ub}{ rLdfn] g]kfndf o'4sfndf ;QfkIf / ljb|f]xL b'j} kIfn] kqmfp k/]sf aGbLx?nfO{ cfkm\gf ljkIfLaf/]sf ;"rgf lng r/d zf/Ll/s oftgf lbg] kl/kf6L ;+:sf/ g} ag]sf] pNn]v u/]sL lyOg\ . b"tfjf; cgle1 s0f]{n nfdfsf] ;'g'jfO{ ;]G6«n lqmldgn sf]6{df hf/L /xFbf n08gl:yt

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seb solicitors Legal Aid in Criminal Matters ! We are mainly specialised in  Tier 2 Work Permit  Immigration  Crime-Legal Aid  Conveyancing  Family  Litigation  Landlord Tenancy

1st Floor 112 - 116 Whitechapel Road London E1 1JE

Tel : 02032460041 Fax : 02072478005 Mobile : 07968189454,07507597111 Email: info@sebsolicitors.co.uk Web : www.sebsolicitors.co.uk


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Europe Ko NepaliPatra For Europe ko Nepalipatra: Advisor:   Dr Chandra Laksamba Managing Director:   Rajen Kandel Editor (Nepal) :  Bhojraj Bhat Editor (UK) :  Dhruba Raj Aryal Senior Reporter:   Uddab Thapa Senior Reporter:   Janak Timilsina Reporter:   Jagannath Dulal Reporter:   Kripa Bhandari Creative Editor:   Arpit Prajapati Asst. Creative Editor :  Dilip Chaudhary Cartoon/  Art:   Nhuja Sayami Columnist/South West Coordinator(UK): Bachaspati Regmi Columnist(UK) : Phadindra Bhattarai Manager Sales and Marketing:   Digvijay Thapa

Advert/Sales: sales@nepalipatra.com +44(0)7588231912

London Phone Email

:  +44(0)208 305 8694 :   info@nepalipatra.com

Australia

Nepal

Phone :   +977 (1) 5111100 Ext : 145, P.O. Box.:   9877 Kathmandu

Suite 10, Lvl 5, 321 Pitt Street, Sydney NSW 2000 Tel: 0451003132 (For Adv), +610403692297/0425293489 Email: info@nepalipatra.com.au

Company Reg. No. :  05770592 Address for Correspondence:  Equitable House, 10 Woolwich New Road, London, SE18 6AB

03 - 09 Mar 2015

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To;}n] ljZjsf sDo'lgi6x?n] cfly{s c;dfgtfsf s'/fnfO{ k|fyldstf lbb}F ju{ ;+3if{sf s'/f ug]{ u/]sf x'g\ . xfdLn] klg g]kfnsf ;Gbe{df ljutsf /fhgLlts Joj:yfdf p7fPsf s'/fx? oL g} x'g\ . ;dfhsf ul/j ju{nfO{ ufF;af; / skf;sf d'4f / plrt lzIff / cfw'lgs ;dfhsf] lgdf{0f g} cNkljsl;t /fi6«sf ;dfhjfbL kf6L{x?sf d'4f x'g\ / ul/aLsf] b'irqmaf6 b]z d'Qm geP;Dd oL d'4fx? pl7/xg] 5g\ . s] ug{ ;lsG5 < g]kfnh:tf] cNkljsl;t b]zdf clzIff, ul/aL, ljleGg gfddf x'g] lje]b\ a9L x'G5g\ . oxL sf/0fn] /fHosf ;+oGq klg lkmtnf x'G5g\ . To;}n] /fHon] rfx]/ klg w]/} ug{ g;Sg] cj:yf /xG5, t/ ;'zf;gsf] cj:yf /fd|f] ePdf oL ;a} ;d:ofsf jfah't klg /fi6«n] gLlgtut / Jojxfl/s ?kd} s]xL ug{ ;Sb5 / ;dfhdf b]lvg] o:tf vfnsf lje]b\ sd ug{ ;Sb5 . o;sf lgDtL s]xL pkfox? tn pNn]v ul/Psf 5g\ M ljz]if ;+/If0f g]kfn ;fFrf] cy{df Ps ljljwtfo'Qm b]z xf] . oxfFsf dflg;x?n] ckgfpg] efiff, e]ife"iff, ;+:s[lt, k/Dk/f / rngrNtLx? g]kfndfq xf]Og\, ljZjs} lglDt clt pkof]uL / cg's/0fLo aGg ;Sb5g\ . :d/0f/xf];\, o:tf rLhx? cfhsf] ljZjJofkLs/0fsf sf/0f l56f] nf]kf]Gd'v aGb}5g\ . cfhsf] %) jif{ klxn]h:tf] b}gg'lbg k|of]udf cfpFb}gg\ t/ klg vf; kl/j]z / cj;/df o:tf rLhx?n] /fi6«sf] cd'No uxgfsf ?kdf sfd ub{5g\ . To;}n] To:tf ;a} s'/fsf] ljz]if ;+/If0fsf] Joj:yf ug{' kb{5 . csf]{tkm{ tNnf] ju{af6 cfpg] gful/sx?nfO{ /f]huf/ / pRr lzIffdf lglZrt tx;Dd lglZrt ;dosf nflu ljz]if sf]6fsf] Joj:yf u/L cufl8 a9\g' cfjZos b]lvG5 . t/ oL ;a} s'/fsf] Joj:yf klg kf/bzL{ lx;fan] ug{sf nflu /fHon] cfkm\gf ;Dk"0f{ gful/sx?sf] cfly{s / p;sf] ;fdflhs x}l;otsf] Nofst klxrfg ug'{ h?/L 5 . ljz]if /fxtsf sfo{qmd g]kfnh:tf] cNkljsl;t b]zdf clzIff, ul/aL, ljleGg gfddf x'g] lje]b\ a9L x'G5g\ . o:tf ju{sf JolQm / ;d'bfosf] klxrfg u/L pgLx?;Dd /fHosf] pkl:ytL oyf;So l56f] k'Ug] Joj:yf ldnfpg' kb{5 . lzIff, :jf:Yo, ljlQo kx'Fr, /f]huf/ / ljdfh:tf s'/fx?df o:tf ;d"xnfO{ lglZrt ;do;Dd -;bfsf nflu xf]Og_ ljz]if ;+/If0fsf] Joj:yf u/L pgLx?nfO{ cfTdlge{/ u/fpg] tkm{ /fHon] oyfzL3| sbd rfNg' kb{5 . hft, efiff / If]qljz]ifsfljrdf ;dfgJojxf/ lxhf] klg jfd /fhgLlt / dfS{;jfbdf ljZjf; ug]{x?n] hft, efiff / If]q ljz]ifsf cfwf/df ul/g] lje]b\sf lj?4df ;+3if{ u/]s} xf] . cfh klg s'g} klg gfddf /fHon] / ;dfhn] ug]{ lje]b\sf lj?4df pleg ;Sg' Ps ljj]szLn gful/ssf] st{Jo xf] / /fHon] o:tf vfnsf lje]bn \ fO{ a9fjf lbg], ;fdflhs ;b\efj vNanfpg] lqmofsnfknfO{ ;+oldt tl/sfn] Jojl:yt ug{ ;Sg' kb{5 . k|ultzLn s/ k|0ffnL l;4fGttM k|ultzLn s/ k|0ffnL, cfDbfgLdf cfwfl/t s/sf] b/n] cfly{s c;dfgtfx?nfO{ Go'gLs/0f ug{ ;xof]u k'¥ofpFb5 . /fHon] s]Gb|Ls[t clen]v k|0ffnLsf] Joj:yf u/]/ k|To]s gful/ssf] cfly{s x}l;ot yfxf kfpg ;Sg] x}l;ot /fVg;Sg' kb{5, o;f] ePdf gful/sn] kfpg] /fxt / /fHon] kfpg] s/ b'j}sf] Joj:yfkg s'zntfsf ;fy ug{ ;lsG5 . olb xfdLn] ck|ToIf s/nfO{ k|fyldstfdf /fVg] xf] eg] klg cfly{s ?kdf tNnf] ju{sf nflu oyf]lrt Joj:yf ug{' cfjZos dfq xf]Og\, ckl/xfo{ 5 .  -8f= kf}8]n c:6«]lnog g];gn o'lgel;{6Ldf cy{zf:q ljifosf cg';Gwfgstf{ x'g\ ._

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

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n]gb]gsf] cfwf/df s;}nfO{ ueg{/sf] s';L{df k'¥ofpg' x'“b}g – bLk]Gb| axfb'/ If]qL, k"j{ ueg{/ bLk]Gb| axfb'/ If]qL g]kfn /fi6« a}+ssf k"j{ ueg{/ x'g . pgn] /fli6«o of]hgf cfof]usf] pkfWoIfsf] e"ldsf klg lgjf{x ul/;s]sf 5g\ . jfd k[i7e"ldsf If]qL :ki6 ?kdf cfkm\gf ljrf/ /fVg] cy{ljb\dWo]df k5{g\ . clxn] g]kfn /fi6« a}+ssf ueg{/ 8f= o'j/fh vltj8f cjsfz k|fKt x'Fb}5g\ . ;/sf/n] gofF ueg{/ lgo'QmLsf] k|lqmof klg ;'? ul/;s]sf] 5 . oxL k[i7e"lddf clxn]sf ueg{/n] u/]sf sfdsf] d"Nofª\sg / gofF ueg{/sf] r'gf}ltsf] ljifodf p4j yfkfn] If]qL;Fu u/]sf] s'/fsfgL M ;/sf/n] /fi6« a} + s df gofF ueg{/ lgo'Qm ug]{ k|lqmof ;'? u/]sf] 5 . clxn] s f ueg{ / 8f= o' j /fh vltj8f cfkm\gf] kfFr jif]{ sfo{sfn k'/f u/]/ aflxl/b} 5g\ . pgsf] kfFr jif]{ sfo{sfnfO{ tkfOn] s;/L d"Nofª\ sg ug{'ePsf] 5 < ueg{/ l;kmfl/; ;ldlt alg;s]sf] x'gfn] gofF ueg{/s} lgo'QmL x'G5 ls eGg ;lsG5 . t/, sfg' g cg' ; f/ eO/x]sfnfO{ g} Ps sfo{sfn lhDd]jf/L lbg ;lsG5 . o;sf nflu ;ldlt aGg' kb}{g . ;ldlt alg;s]sfn] gofF ueg{/ lgo'lQm xf]nfg eGg ;lsG5 . sltko ueg{/n] cfkm\gf] sfo{sfn k'/f ug{ kfPsf lyPg . pxfFn] cfkm\gf]

sfo{sfn k'/f ug{'eof] Tof] g} /fd|f] eof] . pxfFn] lhDd]jf/L lng] a]nfdf g]kfnsf] cy{tGq Tolt ;xh cj:yfdf lyPg . 3/hUufdf a9]sf] nufgLsf sf/0f lgs} cy{tGqdf lgs} 7"nf] ;d:of cfpg nfu]sf] lyof] . pxfFn] To;nfO{ ;xh ?kdf cjt/0f u/fOlbg'eof] . To;sf nflu nufgLstf{sf] cfFvfdf pxfF Tolt k|z+lzt x'g ;Sg' ePg\ . ljQLo ;+ : yfsf] ;+ V of w] / } eof] eGg] s'/f cfof] . xfdLn] zx/L cj:yfnfO{ dfq} x]/]/ o:tf] s'/f u¥of} ls eGg] nfU5 . clxn] klg u|fld0f If]qdf t a}+s ljQLo ;+:yfsf] kx'Fr k'u]s} 5}g . k|ljlwsf] sf/0f …a|fGrn];Ú a} + l sªsf] ;' l jwf t 5 t/, kof{ K t

kx'Fr 5}g\ . clxn]sf ueg{/n] u|fld0f If]qdf a}+s ljQLo ;+:yfsf] e"ldsf eGbf klg ;xsf/Lsf] e"ldsfnfO{ a9L k|fyldstf lbP eGg] cf/f]k klg nufpFg] u/]sf 5g\ . o;df tkfO s] eGgx'G5 < cf/f]k nufpFg]n] nufP xf]nfg . ;xsf/Lsf] ultljlwdf pxfF ;xeflu x'Fb} uPsfn] klg o:tf] cf/f]k nfu]sf] xf]nf . sltko cj:yfdf jfl0fHo a} + s sf] ultljlwnfO{ /f] S gkg] { cj:yf klg cfPsf] 5 . clxn] klg c6f]df]jfOnsf] nflu shf{ lng uof] eg] ;lhn} ;:tf] Jofhb/df kfOG5 . 3/sf] nflu klg o:t} 5 . jfl0fHo a}+s / ljsf; a}+snfO{ o; lbzfdf :jtGq

5f]8\g] xf] eg] ef]ln km]/L ;d:of cfpFg ;S5 . pTkfglzn If]q ;w} ;'Vvf /xg] . csf]{lt/ nufgL y'k|g] eof] eg] ljs[lt cfpg ;Sg] eGg] ;f]r]/ pxfF n ] lg0f{ o lnPsf sf/0f o:tf] ePsf] klg x'g ;S5 . oL ljifonfO{ ulx/fOdf ga'em]sf dflg;n] To:tf] cf/f]k nufPsf x'g ;S5g\ . aflx/ rfF x L ahf/ lgolGqt cy{tGq x'g'k5{ eGg] t/, /fi6« a}+saf6 s8f lg0f{o lng] ueg{/sf] ?kdf klg sltkon] lrlqt u/] lg < cy{tGqnfO{ :jtGq ?kn] 5f8\g]

xf] eg] To;n] ;a} gLlt / lgodsf] 3]/fnfO{ tf]8]/ aflx/ hfg ;Sg] cj:yf x'G5 . cd]l/sf h:tf] v'Nnf cy{tGq ePsf] 7fpFdf klg ToxfF cfPsf] … qmfOl;;n] &÷* jif{;Dd k|To]s dlxgf *% ljlnog cd]l/sL 8n/ cy{tGqdf klDkª u/]/ -SjflG66]l6e Olhª_ u/]/ ;dfwfg lgsfNg'k¥of] . cd]l/sfh:tf] 7fFpdf /fHon] o;/L x:tIf]k ubf{ klg s;n] s]xL eg]gg\ . xfdL t ;+/rgfut lx;fan] kl/kSj cj:yfdf 5}gf}+ . sltko s'/fnfO{ …6«fon P08 P//Úsf] ?kdf klg x]g'{kg]{ x'G5 . pxfFn] lnPsf]

lg0f{osf] glthf /fd|} cfPsf] b]lvG5 . 3/hUufdf eO/x]sf] nufgL /f]Sg'k5{ / To;sf] bfo/f tf]Sg'k5{ eg]/ ul/Psf] lg0f{on] /fd|f] glthf Nofof] eg] Tof] … k|]l:qmK;gÚ ;xL /x]5 eg]/ dfGg' k¥of] lg . o;df ul/Psf] sdG6]nfO{ …arkgÚ eGg ;lsG5 . sltko v'Nnf ahf/ cy{tGqsf] jsfnt ug]{x?n] /fi6« a}+sn] lnPsf] dh{/ / PlSjlhzgsf] gLltn] a}+s ljQLo ;+:yfsf] k|lt:klw{ jftfj/0fnfO{ v'DRofpg] sfd u¥of] eGg] u/]sf 5g\ .


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tkfOsf] ljrf/df of] gLlt slQsf] pko'Qm xf] < sdf]l86L dfs]{6df Psbd 7"nf] kl/df0fdf sf/f]af/ x'G5 eGg] ;'lgG5 . jfl0fHo a}+ssf] sf/f]af/eGbf To;df a9L sf/f]jf/ x'G5 elgG5 . hasL To;nfO{ sfg'gn] lgb]{lzt u/]s} 5}g\ . rLgdf To:tf] sdf]8L6L dfs]{6 @÷# j6f dfq} 5g\ . g]kfndf clxn] klg !%÷!^ j6fn] sfd ul//x]sf 5g\ . rLg / g]kfnsf] hg;+Vof / cy{tGq t'ngf u/f}+ g . g]kfndf gSsn ug]{ k|a[lQ c;fWo} rsf]{ /x]5 . jfl0fHo a}+s / ljsf; a}+sn] gug] { sfd l56f] 5l/tf] tl/sfaf6 lglb{i6 If]qdf sfd u?g eGg] xf] . ljsf; a}+ssf] cjwf/0ff klg ToxL xf] . ljsf; a}+s / ljQ sDkgLn] klg …n] 6 / ckm qm] l 86Úsf] ;' l jwf kfpFg'k5{ eg]/ cfP . ;/sf/L ;+:yf, ljQ sDkgL, ljsf; a}+s / jfl0fHo a}+ssf] e"ldsfnfO{ x]g]{ xf] eg] c;fWo} kftnf] leGgtf 5 . o:tf] gx'g'kg]{ xf] . ljlzli6s[t ?kdf uPsf] / bfo/f :ki6 ul/Psf] eP olQ w]/} ljsf; a}+s / ljQ sDkgL cfpg] lyPgg\ . jlu{s/0f g} x'g'x'Fb}g eGg] s'/f cfpFg yfn]sf] 5 . of] rfFxL sdhf]/ lgodgsf] sf/0f xf] . a} + s ljQLo ;+ : yfdf k| d ' v sfo{ s f/L clws[ t sf] e" l dsf;Dd tf]s]/ /fi6« a}+sn] …dfOqmf] Dofg]hd]G6Ú u¥of] eGg] rrf{ klg ;'Gg] ul/G5 . of] l7s lyof] ls a]l7s < v'Nnf cy{tGqsf] s'/f ug'{eof] eg] l7s xf] . ToxL s' / f] gfkmf / gf] S;fgdf k|l tljlDat x'G5 eg] t

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sfg'gL / Joaxfl/s ?kn] klg zlQmzfnL 7flgPsf] kbsf nflu nufgL ug]{ Ph]G;L klg x'Fbf /x]5g eg]/ a'em\g'kg]{ x'G5 . clxn] klg sf]xL kfFr s/f]8sf] sf]xL bz s/f]8sf] y}nL lnP/ tof/ ePsf] rrf{ ;'Gg kfOG5 . x] g ' { k g] { cj:yf cfpF 5 lg . Pp6f sd{rf/L / l;Ocf] tna % u'gfeGbf km/s x'g'x'b}g eGg] lgb]{zg cfPsf] lyof] . Pp6f l;Ocf]n] ^ c+seGbf a9L tna vfG5 . sd{rf/Lsf] c;fWo} Go"g x'G5 . sd{rf/Ln] /fd|f];Fu sfd u/]gg eg] t l;Ocf]n] dfq} s]xL ug{ ;Sg] cj:yf x'Fb}g . s;}n] lgIf]k u/]sf] k};faf6 a}+sn] cfDbfgL u5{ / ToxL l8kf]lh6 /fv]sf] k};f lgsfNg r]s a's lnFbf k};f ltg'{k5{ eg] s;/L Gofof]lrt x'G5 < sf]xL JolQmsf] olt ?k}ofF d;Fu 5 x} eg]/ ;l6{lkms]6 lbbfF kfFr ;o ?k}ofF ltg'{k5{ eg] Tof] s;/L Gofof]lrt eof] < Tof] x'g'x'Fb}g . clkm;df xfO{kmfO ul/Psf] x'G5 . Tof] ;a} s'/f s:6df uP/ k|ltlDjt ePsf] x'G5 . o;n] u|fxsnfO{ klg ef/ kg{ ;Sg] ePsfn] s]lGb|o a}+sn] ;r]tgfsf] nflu o:tf] lgb]{zg NofPsf] x'g'k5{ . clxn] ueg{/ x'g] nfOgdf /x]sf JolQmx? oL ;a} ljifo unt eP

o;nfO{ ;' w fg{ ' k 5{ eGg] Ph]08f af]s]/ cfPsf 5g\ . pgLx?n] lhDd] j f/L lnPkl5 t clxn]sf] Joj:yf kl/jt{g xf]nf lg < pxfF x ? ToxL 3' D g] s' ; L{ d f k'u]kl5 s'/f a'lemxfNg'x'G5 . csf]{tkm{ ljutdf of] jf Tof] ?kdf o:tf s'/fdf n]gb]g ePsf JolQmnfO{ Tof] s';L{df k' ¥ ofOg' x' F b } g . klxn] g} cfkm\ g f] OR5f cg' ? k x' g ] u /L lqmofsnfk eO;s] s f xf] n fg . ToxfF uPkl5 To:tf s'/faf6 pGd'lQm lng] k|of; klg xf]nf . cyjf sfnf] wAafnfO{ ;]tf] kfg]{ k|of; klg x'g;Snf . To;f] eof] eg] b]zsf] nflu / cy{tGqsf] nflu klg /fd|f] gx'g ;S5 . …PÚ eGg] ;+:yfdf a;]/ To:tf] ul//x]sf] 5 eg] aL, ;L ;+:yfn] To;nfO{ x]l//x]sf] x'G5 . o:tf] cj:yfdf c:tJo:ttf cfpg ;Sg] x'G5 .

la|l6z elh{gaf6 k};f Nofpg]x?, 3/hUuf Joj;fosf 7"nf nufgLstf{ / 7"nf Joj;foLs 3/fgfsf JolQmx? cfkm\gf cg's'nsf JolQmnfO{ ueg{/ agfpFg] bf}8w'kdf 5g eGg] ;'lgG5 . o;/L cfPsf] ueg{/n] s;/L ;an cy{tGq agfpFgdf of]ubfg ug{ ;Snf < o;df Pp6f pbfx/0f hf] 8 f} + , d"Vo ;lrjsf] kb lgs} ul/dfdo / zlQmzfnL x'G5 . ;a} ;lrjdWo]sf] k|d'v klg xf] . s'g} ;dodf d' V o;lrj lgo' l Qmsf] a] n f lyof] . Pshgf d"Vo ;lrjsf] bfj]bf/ t/, Tolt w] / } k} ; f nufgL ug{ g;Sg] x' g ' x ' G Yof] . pxfF n ] d" V o ;lrjsf] OR5f klg 5}g eGg'eof] t/, Ps hgf al/i7 sd{rf/Ln] # s/f]8;Dd nufgL h'6fOlbg;S5' cuf8L a9\g'; eg] eg]/ klg rrf{ cfPsf] lyof] . sfg'gL ?kn] / Joaxfl/s ?kn] klg zlQmzfnL 7flgPsf] kbsf nflu nufgL ug] { Ph]G;L klg x'Fbf /x]5g x} eg]/ rfFxL a'em\g'kg]{ x'G5 . clxn] klg ldl8ofdf sf]xL kfFr s/f]8sf] sf]xL bz s/f]8sf] y}nL lnP/ tof/ ePsf] eGg] k9\g kfOG5 . of] ;To xf] ls xf]Og yfxf 5}g t/, nufgL ug]{ JolQm / ;+:yf x'Fbf /x]5g eGg] a'em\g'k5{ . clxn] nufgL ug]{ k|ltkmn klg vf]H5g . To:tf] a]nf …o;f] ePtf klg===Ú eg]/ lg0f{o ug'{kg]{ cj:yf NofpF5 . To;n] :j:y, :jR5 lsl;dsf] ljQLo ;+:yf agfpgsf] nflu d4t ub}{g . o;tkm{ x]Ssf /fVg'k5{ . ueg{ / s} bfjL ul//x] s f Ps hgfn] lj|kms]zsf] rnv]n ePg eg] d ueg{/ x'G5' . lj|kms]zsf] rnv]n eof] eg] d ;lSbg eGg'ef] . o;sf] dtna ueg{/ lgo'lQmdf 7"n} cfly{s rnv]n x'G5 eGg] ;+s]t cfof] lg < ueg{/sf] nflu dfq} xf]Og, dxTjk"0f{ kbdf hfgsf] nflu o:tf rnv]n x'g] u/]sf 5g eGg] ;'G5' . d}n] sf];Fu dflkm dfUg'k5{ dfuf}nf t/ d s] eG5' eg], k|wfgdGqLn] g} d}n] e|i6«frf/ /f]Sg ;lsg eGg'eof] . k|x/Lsf] lgo'lQmdf klg

03 - 09 Mar 2015

dflg;x? lj|kms]z lnP/ wfO/x]sf 5g eg]/ k|x/Ls} al/i7 clwsf/Ln] eg]sf] sf/0f pxfF b'/b/fhdf kmflng' ePsf] 5 . sf7df8f}+df /d]z v/]nn] zflGt ;'/Iffsf] lgDtL /fd|f] sfd ug{'ePsf] lyof] lg . t/, clxn] df]km;nsf] tflnd s]Gb|df a;]/ lbgrof{ k'/f ug'{kg]{ cj:yf 5 . tkfOn] eGg'ePsf] s'/f Jojxf/df x'Fb}gg eGg ;lsg] cj:yf /x]g5 . To;f] x'g' d'n's} nflu b'ef{Uo xf] . To;f] u/]/ xfdLn] u/]sf 5}gf} eGg] ck/flwx?sf nflu klg ;]tf] kf]ltlbg] cj:yf x'Fbf] /x]5 . o:tf] ePsf 5g eg] s;n] sxfF uP/ …jflg{ª a]nÚ ahfpFg] xf] ahfpFg'k5{ . ueg{/ df}lb|s gLlt agfpFg] / sfof{Gjog ug]{ kb dfq} xf]Og . Pp6f s'zn k|zf;s klg xf] lg, xf]Og < df}lb|s gLlts Psbd} k|fljlws s' / f xf] . To;sf l7s a] l 7s kIfx? / aflx/sf k|efjx? klg ;xL tl/sfn] Joj:yfkg ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf ueg{/df x'g'k5{ . ueg{/df %% k|ltzt k|sfzsLo e"ldsf rflxG5 . s]Gb|Lo a}+s cfkm}df klg ToxfF leqsf sd{rf/Lsf] Joj:yfkg ug{'k5{ . sf] l7s sf] a]l7s eGg] lrGg ;Sg'k5{ . unt JolQmn] s'g} ljefu ;Dxfn]/ a:of] eg] 7"nf] tx; gx; cfpFg ;S5 . s]Gb|Lo a}+ssf] nufgL ljb]zdf x'G5 . clxn] rLg, ef/t / cd]l/sfdf nufgL ePsf] 5 . ;a}eGbf 7"nf] cfDbfgL klg ToxLaf6 eO/x]sf] 5 eGg] ;'lgG5 . To:tf] 7fpFdf /fd|f] 7fFp xf] eg]/ cfkmGtnfO{ lhDd]jf/L lbg yflnof] eg] l7s x'Fb}g . csf]{tkm{ oltw]/} a}+s tyf ljQLo ;+:yf 5g . pgLx? s;/L rln/x]sf 5g eg]/ x]g{'kg]{ x'G5 . To;qmddf ljleGg ;+s]tx? k|fKt eO/x]sf x'G5g\ . To; cfwf/df sfd cl3 a9fpg'kg]{ x'G5 . sltko a}+sdf clxn] klg af]8{ / k|d'v sfo{sf/L clws[t ljrdf emu8f eO/x]sf 5g\ . Tof] emu8fnfO{ s]Gb|Lo a}+sn] 6'n'6'n' x]/]/ a:of] eg] a}+s 8'Ag] cj:yfdf k'U5 . To:t}, ;d:of csf]{ a}+sdf klg cfpg ;S5 . o;nfO{ a'em\g] / ;xL pkrf/ ug{ ;Sg] Ifdtf /xg'k5{ . k"jf{ux| /lxt ?kdf sfof{Gjog ug]{ Ifdtf klg b]vfpFg ;Sg'k5{ . s]xL ;dod} gofF ue{g/n] /fi6« a}s + sf] lhDd]jf/L ;DxfNg' x'g5 ] . pxfFsf] r'gf}ltx? s] s] b]Vg'ePsf] 5 < cy{dGqLn] s] eGg'ePsf] 5 eg]

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

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/;fltqmd0f 8N; xfp;Ú cflb pbfx/0f x'g\ ._sf] dxTj 5'6\6} lsl;dsf] 5 . k/Dk/fjfbL lgZrofTds efÈf / efsfdf n]v -;flxTo n]vg_ n]Vg] sfd lgSs} r'gf}tLk"0f{ x'G5 . cToGt} k|of]ujfbL / r/d bfz{lgs n]vsx? h:tf] dxfslj nIdLk|;fb b]jsf]6f cyjf lgaGwsf/ z+s/ nfld5fg] h:tf n]vsx?sf] ljwfsf] lrGtg eg]sf] k/Dk/faf6 lgZrog} aflx/ lgl:sg' :jfefljs 7x5{ . b]jsf]6fsf sljtf / nfld5fg]sf lgaGwx?sf] ulx/fO{ / a] u k/Dk/fut gx/x?df c6\ g ;Sb}g\ . lgZrog} k|fs[lts vf]nf] g} rflxG5 . Tof] vf]nfdf af“w xfNg] b':;fx; s;}n] klg ug{ ;lsGg Û ;flxTo eg]sf] larf/x?sf] dGyg ug]{ ynf] xf], hxf“ gof“ larf/x?nfO{ ljleGg 9+un] pk/L ;+/rgf -bfz{lgs cyjf lrGtg_ df s]lGb|t ul/G5 . sltko cj:yfdf ;dfhdf eO{/x]sf s'/fx?, ;d:ofx?, k|:tfljt ;dfwfgx? ;d]t k|:t't ul/G5 . ;flxlTos s[ltx? laleGg k|of]usf cfwf/n] ;Daf]lwt ul/Psf / k|:t't ul/Psf x'G5g\ . ;flxTodf …/;Úsf] 5'6\6} dxTj 5 . laz]Èul/ sljtf ljwfdf …gj/;Ú eg]/ >[ª\ uf/, jL/, s?0f, xf:o, /f}b|, eofgs, aLeT;, cb\e't / zfGt gf} j6f t/+u pTkGg x'g] /;x?sf] dlxdf cnUu} 5 . gfd cfkm}+df JoQm 5g\, 5'6\6} cy{n] lolgx?sf] JofVof ug'{ d oxf“ ;fGb{ljs 7flGbg . csf]{ cy{df ;flxTon] ;dfhdf eO{/x]sf 36gfx?sf] af/]df ;Daf]wg u/] klg ltg} ;dfh Joj:yfsf lgwf{/sx? eg] xf]O{gg\ . ;dfh ;+rfngsf] lhDd]jf/L /fhgLltzf:q cGtu{t kb{5 . ;flxToleq xf]O{g, oBkL ;flxTon] lj;+ult, k|:tfljt ;'Aoj:yfsf cjwf/0ffx? ;do ;dodf cf}N+ ofO{ /x]sf] x'G5 . /fhgLlt sfg"gL ePsf x'gfn] lgZrofTds / pQ/bfloTjTds x'gk' b{5 . eg] ;flxTo sfNklgs, dgf]/GhgfTds / /rgfTds x'gk' b{5 . of] g} oL b'O{ ljwf -;flxTo / /fhgLlt_ aLrsf] leGgtf xf] . la8Dagf dfGg' kb{5 cfhef]nL xfd|f] cEof;df g t /fhgLlt z'4 5 g t ;flxTo g} Û d}n] o;f] eg]/ ;d:t ;|i6fsf] cjd'Nog

u/]sf] eg] kSs} xf]O{g\ . …hf];+u ;DaGlwt 5Ú eGg] lgZrofTds jfSof+z k|of]u u/]/ ;DaGw :yflkt ug{ rfxG5' . Jofs/0fdf Pp6f ;df; -;GwL_ / lau|x-6'lqmg'_ eGg] zAbx?sf] ;+of]u– ljof]u ;DalGw lgod 5 . h;n] n]vs cyjf ;|i6fnfO{ s'g} b'O{j6f zAb ldnfP/ Pp6f agfpg] / Pp6f zAb af6 b'Oj6f jf cg'sn ' x'g] ;+Vofdf 6'qm\ofpg] cg'dlt lbG5 . Tolx a}ofs/0fLo lgod k|of]u u/]/ d}n] oxf“ s]lx b[i6fGt k|:t't ug ] { hdsf]{ ub}{5' . cfhef]nL k|r'/ dfqfdf k|of]u eO{/x]sf] ;flxTo /fhgLlt;+u ;+of]u x'“bf ;lGw x'guof] . h;sf] kmn:j?k ;flxlTos s[ltsf] gd'gf / efj cg's'ngsf b[li6sf]0fn]

cv08, v08­v08 /   kfv08 kl/jt{g-r]Gh_ / k/fjt{g-l/km\n]S;g_ eP/ …/fhgLlt ± ;flxTo Ö /fhlxToÚ -/fhgLltn] cltqmd0f u/]/ …;fÚ :qL lnª\uL cÔ/;+u ;dfud ubf{ …gLltÚ k'lnª\u zAb ;f cÔ/df n'Aw x'“bf tL b'Oj6} zAb n'Kt eP, af“sL …/fhÚ / …lxToÚ /x“bf gof“ ;Gtfgsf ?kdf …/fhlxToÚ zAb af“sL /xg uof] ._ zAb Aoaxf/df pkl:yt x'g cfof] h;sf] cy{ lgDg adf]lhd x'g hfG5 M !_ /fhfsf] -/fh_ lxtsf lgldQ -lxTo_ n]lvg] rfs8L–rfKn';L af]wfy{s zAbhfn, @_ zf;g ug]{ ;QfnfO{ /fHokÔ elgG5 . /fHokÔ -/fh_ cyjf ;Qfwf/Lsf] :t'lt -lxTo_ ufgsf lgldQ ul/Psf] ;flxlTos cltqmd0f . #_ uf]Ko s'/fnfO{ /fh elgG5 . cfkm\gf] uf]Ko clei6 uf]Ko tj/n] g} l;4 ug{ tof/ kfl/Psf zAb hfn klg /fhlxTo g} x'g\ . of] /fhlxTo zAbn] /fhlxTofg'/fuL -/fhf cyjf /fHokÔsf] lxtsf] sfdgf ug]{ ;sn dg'hhg_ x?nfO{ /fhlxTo Ô]qdf gljg k|of]usf k|;:t} cj;/x? k|bfg u/]sf] 5 . ca Ps} l5g of] zAbsf] …?k kÔÚ df s]lGbt xf]cf}+ . /fhfsf] / /fHosf] lxt eg]sf] k|sf/fGt/n] hgtfs} lxt xf] eGg] s'/f] af]w x'g cfp“5 . ;kmn /fHo

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/fd|f] hLjg lhpg ;S5' eGg] ;f]FrnfO{ lht]/ o:tf] lkh8fsf] r/fh:tf] eP/ s'lhg'eGbf d d]/f] b]zd} b'Mv u5{' . t/, k+v lkmhfP/ p8\5' eGg] ;f]FRof] . pm v'nf cfsfzdf p8\g rfx\of] . km]l/ /s\ of /SsLaf6 /fs]z x'g rfXof] . clg b[9 eP/ eGof], …d g]kfn hfG5' .Ú c:6«]lnofsf] cWofudg ljefudf cfTd;dk{0f ug{ cufl8 clGtd Ps k6s ;d'Gb| x]g{ dg u/]/ pm ;d'Gb| lsgf/df 3'Dg uof] . kfgL v]Nof], afn'jfsf] :kz{ lnof] . of] hldgnfO{ wGojfb eGof] . clg leh]sf] anf}6] lsgf/df cfˆgf] gfd n]Vof] …/fs]zÚ . p;n] gfd n]Vg] lalQs} Pp6f ;fgf] 5fnn] Tof] gfd d]l6lbof] . pm xf}l;of], cl3eGbf klg kfgLlt/ glhs uP/ n]Vof], …/s\Ú . To;nfO{ csf]{ 5fnn] aufof] . pm cem v';L eof], clg n]Vof] …/SsLÚ . Tof] klg

Ps}l5gdf cfPsf] csf]{ 5fn;Fu} lanfP/ uof] . ;fFem kl/;s]sf] lyof], pm kfgLaf6 aflx/ cfof], clg ;'Vvf afn'jfdf pleof] . ;d'b|lt/ kms{]/ x]¥of] . oxfF;Dd t 5fn cfpFb}g eGg] nfu]kl5 p;n] km]l/ cfˆgf] gfd n] V of] , …/fs] z Ú . oxfF ; Dd 5fn cfPg p;sf] gfd aufpg . p;nfO{ ;Gtf]if dx;'; eof] . cfsfzlt/ kms{]/ b'O{ j6f xTs]nf b'O{ j6f ufnfsf] k§L nu] / lrRofpF b } cfˆgf] gfd eGof] . clg eGof], …cfO Pd sldª xf]d ddÚ . To;kl5 g]kfnLd} …d 3/ cfpFb}5' dfd' .Ú p;df cfkm" x'g'sf] kl/ro lkmtf{ cfof] . pm v';Ln] ubub eof] . clg 3/lt/ nfUof] . cln 6f9f k'u]/ ;d'Gb|lt/ kms]{/ x]¥of] . afn'jfdf n]v]sf] gfd 5fnn] aufPsf] lyPg .  st.bulson@gmail.com

;flxTo eg]sf] larf/x?sf] dGyg ug]{ ynf] xf], hxf“ gof“ larf/ x?nfO{ ljleGg 9+un] pk/L ;+/rgf -bfz{lgs cyjf lrGtg_ df s]lGb|t ul/G5 . sltko cj:yfdf ;dfhdf eO{/x]sf s'/fx?, ;d:ofx?, k|:tfljt ;dfwfgx? ;d]t k|:t't ul/G5 . x'g' eg]sf] /fHosf] sfg'g Aoa:yf ;'b[9 x'g', lasf;–lgdf{0fsf sfo{qmdx? cfjZostf adf]lhd clanDa ;'? / ;DkGg ul/g', cfly{s ;d[l4 OToflb x'g'eg]sf] /fhlxt xf] clg o;}df s]lGb|t x'g] / o;} efjgfn] cf]tk|f]t x'g] lsl;dsf /rgfx? kSs} klg ;sf/fTds /fhlxTo x' g \ . t/ o;sf] …;f/ kÔÚ eg] cgk]lÔt / sxfnLnfUbf] 5 . ;TtfkÔsf dflg;x?nfO{ jf /fhfnfO{ k|;Gg u/]/ cfkm\gf] b'/fzo l;4 ug{ ul/g] asDkm';] :t'ltufg / Tof] skf]nslNkt :t'tL af6 k|;GgeO{ j/d'b|fdf /fhf jf /fHokÔ pkl:yt eO{ pkf;ssf] clei6 k'/f ul/g] 8/nfUbf] sfnfÔ/L /fÔ;sf] cjtfl/s/0f g} c;ndf /fhlxTo xf] . ;/n zAbdf efio ug'{kbf{ rfs8L–rfKn';L u/]/ s'g} JolQm–;Ttf jf zf;snfO{ k|;Gg kf/]/ cfkm" k'/:sf/ OToflbsf lgldQ cyjf b|Ao– bf}nt–kb–dfg–5fqj[lQ–kTg/f]huf/L–elth hfuL/– ljb]z sf]6f– OToflb h] h:tf] cyjf h'g;'s} p2]Zo / clei6 k'/f ug{ y'kfl/g] zAbhfn g} …/fhlxToÚ ljwf cGtu{t kb{5g . csf]{ kÔ eg]sf] /fHo kÔsf] vf]O{/f] vg], / laleGg cf/f]k nufP/, wDSofP/, t;f{P/ ;Ttfwf/Lx?sf dgdf 8/, k|sDkg OToflb pTkGg u/fO{ nuf}+6L lehfpg] -s6\6'df lk;fa km]/fpg]_ cj:yfdf k'¥ofP/ lakl/t ult af6 ;d]t ckm\gf] clei6 l;4 ug'{ klg /fhlxTo g} xf] . h;/L ;flxTodf laleGg /;x? k|of]u ul/P/ s[ltsf] p2]Zo k|:t't ul/Psf] x'G5 . To;}ul/ /fhlxTodf klg cg's'ng adf]lhd /;x? k|of]u ul/G5g\ . Pp6} dfq} km/s s] 5 eg] ;flxTodf gj/;x? >[ª\uf/, jL/, s?0f, xf:o, /f}b,| eofgs, aLeT;, cb\e't / zfGt h:tfsf] To:t} k|of]u ul/Psf x'G5g\ eg] /fhlxTodf eg] ltg} /;x? cltqmd0f ul/P/ km/s :jfbdf k|:t't ePsf x'G5g\ . oL cltqmldt k|of]ux? ;flxlTos /;;+u t'ngf u/]/ x]bf{ lgDg adf]lhd b]lvG5 M >[ª\uf/ Ö e[+uf/ -;dfudsf] pTs07f zfGt agfp“bf pTkGg x'g;Sg] …le/+uLÚ /f]usf] s]Gb| laGb'df slNkt /fhlxTo /;_ jL/ Ö le/ -aL/tfsf] gd'gf eg]/ le/ af6

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www.nepalipatra.com

03 - 09 Mar 2015

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!^ kmfu' g df PsLs[ t dfcf] j fbL g]t[Tjsf] #) bnLo ljkIfL df]rf{n] b] z e/af6 bzf} xhf/ sfo{ s tf{ / ;dy{sx? /fhwfgLsf] v'nfd~rdf ptfb} { + ;QfkIfnfO{ Psnf} 6 L ?kdf cufl8 ga9\ g r'gf}lt lbPsf] 5 . ljkIfLsf] zlQm k|bz{gkl5 …kv{ / x]/Ú sf] /0fgLltdf /x]sf ;QfkIfLo bnx? g]kfnL sf+u|]; / g]skf Pdfn]dfly klg ;xdltsf nflu bafa a9]sf] 5 . /fhgLlts ljZn]ifs nf]s/fh a/fn ljkIfL df] r f{ n ] /fd| f ] …df; df] l anfOhÚ u/] s f] atfpF b } + o;n] ;Qf?9 36snfO{ jftf{sf] 6]a ndf a:gsf nflu bafa l;h{ g f u/] s f] atfpF5g\ . …zlQm k|bz{gdf 7"nf] df; df]lanfOh u/]sf] b]lvof] . v'Nnf d~r ljkIfLx?sf] k|bz{gnfO{ ;sf/ fTds ?kdf x] g { ;lsG5,Ú a/fnn] g] k fnLkq;F u eg] , …ToxfF g] t fx?n] ;+oldt ?kdf jftf{ / ;xdltd} hf]8 lbP . o;n] ;QfkIfdfly klg jftf{sf nflu bafa k/]sf] 5 .Ú oBkL, ljkIfL df]rf{n] v'nfd~rdf zlQm k|bz{g u/]sf] # lbg lalt;Sbf klg jftf{ / ;xdltsf] cf}krfl/s kxn ;'? ePsf] 5}g\ . t/, ;QfkIfLo bndWo] g]kfnL sf+u|];n] ljkIfLsf] zlQm k|bz{gkl5 ;xdltdf hf] 8 lbPsf] 5 . ;+ l jwfg;efdf cfkm\gf] ;Qf ;xofqL bn Pdfn]nfO{ lnP/ ax' d tLo k| l qmofsf] cu' j fO{ ul//x]sf] g]kfnL sf+u|]; g} ;xdltsf] efiff af]Ng yfn]kl5 ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f k| l qmof k' g M ;xdtL lt/ df] l 8g] ;Defjgf a9]sf] b]lvG5 . zlQm k|bz{gs} lbg k|wfgdGqL tyf ;Qf?9 u7aGwgsf] cu' j f g]kfnL sf+u|];sf ;efklt ;'zLn sf]O/ fnfn] ;xdltdf hf]8 lbg'nfO{ klg ljkIfLx?sf] 7"nf] zlQm k|bz{gnfO{ sf/s dflgPsf] 5 . k|wfgdGqLsf] egfOFnfO{ g} an k'Ug] u/L ;f]daf/ g]kfnL sf+u|];sf g]tf tyf ;~rf/ dGqL 8f= ldg] G b| l/hfnn] lj/ f6gu/df ;+jfbbftfx?;Fu s'/f ub}{ ;xdltd} ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f x'g]df hf]8 lbP . ‘Pdfcf] j fbLnfO{ lx+ ; fsf] af6f]af6 zflGtsf] dfu{df NofOPsf] / d'n'snfO{ ul/aLaf6 ;d[l4tkm{ nUg] bfloTj ;a}sf] xf]’ pgn] eg] . Pdfn] al/i7 g] t f dfwjs' d f/ g] k fn / pgL kIfLo elgPsf s]xL g]tfx?n] klg ;xdtLo k|lqmofaf6 dfq} ;+ljwfg aGg]df hf]8 lbO/x]sf 5g\ . t/, Pdfn]leq s]Gb|Lo ;ldlt, kf]ln6Ao"/f] / :yfoL ;ldltdf ;d]t cf]nL xfjL /x]sfn] ;+:yfut ?kdf eg] Pdfn]n] cWoIf cf]nLsf] nfOgnfO{ g} /fli6«o /fhgLltdf cufl8 a9fO/x]sf] 5. !^ kmfu' g sf] hg;efdfkm{ t ljkIfL df] r f{ s f g] t fx?n] cfkm\ g f] zlQm lgofNg afn'jf6f/, l;+xbaf/, aNv'b]lv afNsf]6;Ddsf] gfd lnPsf lyP . vf;u/L, zlQm k|bz{g;efdf dw]zL bnsf g]tfx?n] cf]nLdfly s8f s6fIf u/]sf lyP . ;b\efjgfsf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf]n] …Ps dw]z Ps k|b]zÚsf] s8f c8fg k|:t't u/]kl5 cf]nLn] dxtf]dfly …o'kL / ljxf/ klg t/fO{df ufEg] < eg]/ k|ltk|Zg u/]b]lv dw]zL g]tfx? pgLdfly rsf]{ ?kdf k|:t't eO/x]sf 5g\ . zlgaf/sf] ;efdf klg pgLx?n] To;}nfO{ lg/Gt/tf lbP .

cfd;efdf PsLs[t dfcf] j fbLsf cWoIf k' i ssdn bfxfn …k|r08Ún] ;xdtLo k|lqmof ;' ? gul/P sf+ u | ] ; Pdfn] n ] uDeL/ kl/0ffd ef]Ug'kg]{ r]tfjgL lbP . …;do 5F b } ax' d tLo k| l qmof /f] s ] / ;+ j fb ;ldltdfkm{t ;xdlt vf]Hg] k|lqmof cl3 a9fpg';\, cGoyf To;af6 pTkGg x'g] kl/0ffd ef]Ug tof/ eP/ a:g'xf];\,Ú bfxfnn] eg] . pgn] ;xdtLo k|lqmof cufl8 ga9fOP zlQm k|bz{gdfkm{t lhNnf– lhNnf sAhf ug]{ r]tfjgL lbP . … cfhsf] ;efkl5 ;Qf?9 bnn] s:tf] lg0f{o u5{ Tof] xfdL ef]ln÷kl;{;Dd x] 5 f} F , Ú bfxfnn] eg] , …ha{ h :tL ax'dtLo k|lqmof cl3 a9fOP lhNnf sAhf cleofg ;'? u5f}{F .Ú pgn] o; k6s dg{ tof/ /x]sf] t/ ljutdf h:tf] em'Sg tof/ g/x]sf] ;d]t pb\3f]if u/] . ;+ l jwfg;efdf tf] 8 kmf] 8 / gf/fafhLsf aLrdf klg ;efd' v ;'jf;rGb| g]Djfªn] ax'dtLo k|lqmof ;'? u/]kl5 ;8ssf] ;xf/fdf k'u]sf PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL;lxtsf bnx?sf] …zlQm k|bz{gÚnfO{ hf/L ult/f]wsf] … a|]s y|'Ú x'g] cfwf/df ul/Psf] lyof] . oBkL, emfkf, df]/ª, ;'g;/L / s}nfnL, s~rgk'/df uP/ efFl8Psf] ;xdlt

ofqf clxn] l;+xb/af/sf] s';L{lt/ ;f]lemb}+ uPsf] b]lvG5 . ljkIfL df]rf{sf s]xL g]tfx? ;fj{hlgs d~rx?df …kfj/ ;]ol/ªÚnfO{ ;xdltsf] ljGb'sf ?kdf cYof{pg yfn]sf 5g\ . o;n] gofF afg]Zj/sf] ;+ljwfg;ef ejgleqsf] s' ; L{ tf] 8 kmf] 8 af6 ;' ? ePsf] / fhgLlts ult/f]wsf] h/f l;+xb/af/ sf] s';L{;Dd uP/ hf]l8Psf] b]lvG5 . Ps ljZn]ifs eG5g\, …klxrfgsf] dfu ub}{ ;+ljwfg;ef ejgaf6 aflxl/Psf dw]zL / PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL clxn] ;+ljwfgeGbf l;+xb/af/ k:g xtfl/ Psf] b]lvG5 .Ú ljkIfL df]rf{sf] ;8s cfGbf]ngsf] …;]km Nofl08ªÚ l;+xbaf/ df s';L{n] dfq gx'g] pgsf] dt 5 . …t/, l;+xb/af/sf] kfj/ ;]ol/ªn] dfq cfGbf]ng ;]km Nofl08ª ug{ ufx|f] kg{ ;S5,Ú tL ljZn]ifs eG5g\, …dw]zL / hghflt ;d"x ;a}nfO{ Pdfcf]jfbL g]t[Tj ld7f] nnLkk b]vfPsf] 5 . p ;Qfdf hfg] lalts} tL bnx? / ;d"x? r'k a:b}gg\ .Ú oBkL, ljkIfL df]rf{sf sdf08/ bfxfnn] gem'Sg] t/ dg]{ 3f]if0ff ul// xF b f #) bnsf] hf] 8 h' n ' d df / fhwfgLdf p/flnPsf] eL8 lhNnfdf p/fNg ;lsg]df df]rf{sf g]tfx? g}

ljZj:t x'g ;s]sf 5}gg\ . h;df k|r08 :jo+d g} ljZj:t 5}gg\ . h;sf sf/0f df]rf{ klg ;8saf6 jftf{ / ;xdlttkm{ …;]km Nofl08ªÚ vf]lh/x]sf] b]lvG5 . df]rf{n] yk cfGbf]ngsf nflu xf]nL kl5sf] ;do to ug'{n] klg o;}nfO{ k'li6 u5{ . ljZn]ifs a/fn klg b'j}sf nflu jftf{ / ;xdlt g} pko'Qm ljsNk /x]sf] atfpF5g\ . …;xdlt d} ;+ljwfg lgdf{0f ug'{sf] ljsNk b]lvb}+g\,Ú pgL eG5g\, … k|lqmofdf uP/ lgdf{0f ul/Psf] ;xdlt nfu' x'g ;Sb}+g . To;sf] ef]lnkN6b]lv

Pdfn]dfly s6fIf ;efdf PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL;lxtsf bnx?sf] klxrfg;lxtsf] /fHo k'g;{+/ rgfsf] lj?4 plePkl5 …lx/f]Ú ag]sf Pdfn] cWoIf s]kL zdf{ cf]nLdfly tLa| s6fIf u/]sf lyP . cf]nLdfly PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL g]tf 8f= afa'/fd e§/fO{b]lv ;b\efjgfsf cWoIf /fh]Gb| dxtf];Ddn] dfq s6fIf u/]gg\, s]xL ;fgf If]qLo / hftLo bnsf g]tfx?n] klg cf}nf 78\ofP . pgLx?n] cf]nLnfO{ afnsf]6df 78\ofOPsf] dxndf a;]/ if8\oGq gug{ klg r'gf}tL lbP . PsLs[t dfcf]jfbL cWoIf bfxfn AolQmut cf/f] k df gplqP klg Pdfn]dfly eg] cfqmfds b]lvPsf lyP . zlQm k| b z{ g df #) bnLo

u7aGwgsf ;+ o f] h s ;d] t /x] s f bfxfnn] g]kfnL sf+u]|;eGbf Pdfn]dfly s8f k|xf/ u/]sf lyP . pgn] Pdfn] sf+u|];;fd' cfTd;dk{0f u/]sf] / Pdfn] eGg] kf6L{ g} g/x]sf]h:tf tLvf] efif0f u/]sf lyP . …3f]if0ffkqdf pNn]v ePsf] k|ToIf lgjf{lrt k|wfgdGqL, ax' klxrfg;lxtsf] ;+3 Lotf 5f]8 ]/ Pdfn] sf+u|];sf] k'R5/ ag]sf] 5 . ca Pdfn]sf] cfˆgf] gLlt, sfo{qmd s] x L 5} g , p;n] sf+ u | ] ; ;F u kf6L{ Pstf u/] x'G5,Ú bfxfnn] eg] . pgn] Pdfn]n] k|ToIf lgjf{lrt sfo{sf/L eg]/ hgtf;Fu ef]6 dfUof] clxn] ToxL Ph]08f 5f8]/ sf+u|];;Fu cfTd;k{0f u/]sfn] Pdfn] gfdsf] kf6L{ b]znfO{ cfjZos g/x]sf] atfP . To;sf] ef] l nkN6 cfOtaf/ a;]sf] Pdfn] :yfoL ;ldltsf] a}7sn] bfxfnsf] pQm cleAolQmnfO{ …xtfz dfgl;stfsf] pkhÚ eGb}+ vf/]h ul/ lbof] . …ljkIfL df]rf{sf g]tfx?åf/f xfd|f] kf6L{sf lj?4 nufOPsf lg/fwf/ nf~5gf tyf kf6L{ g]t[Tjsf lj?4 ul/ Psf] ufnL unf}hnfO{ xtfz dgl:yltsf] pkhsf ?kdf ljZn]if0f u/]sf] 5Ú, a}7skl5 Pdfn]n] hf/L u/]sf] lj1KtLdf elgPsf] 5 . p;n] Pdfn] /lQe/ ljrlnt geO{ ;+jfb / ;xdltsf] k|lqmof hf/L / fVb}+ rf8f] ;+ljwfg hf/L ug{ nflu kg]{ ;d]t hgfPsf] 5 . 

g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 o's]sf] jflif{s ;fwf/0f;ef ;DaGwL ;"rgf g]kfn kqsf/ dxf;+3 o's] zfvfsf] jflif{s ;fwf/0f;ef lgDg ldlt, ;do / :yfgdf x'g] ePsfn] zfvfsf ;a} ;b:ox?nfO{ ul/dfdo pkl:ytLsf nflu xflb{s cg'/f]w ul/G5 . ;fy} zfvfsf] ljwfg adf]lhd ;b:otf gjLs/0f ug{ / gof“ ;b:otf lng rfxg]x?n] lgodfg';f/ cfj] bg ug{ o;} ;"rgf dfkm{t cg'/f]w ul/G5 . ;fwf/0f;efdf zfvfsf] ljut Ps jif]{ sfo{sfnsf] ;dLIff / cfufdL Ps jif{sf] sfo{of] hgf agfOg]5 . Date : 12 April 2015 Time : 11:00 AM Venue : Blue Orcid, 500 Ruislip Road, Northolt, Middlesex UB5 6A

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

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?kfn] 3/df Ps dfp ufO{ / s]xL ;“'u'/ kfn]sL 5g\ . xnf] hf]Tg] uf]? rflx“ pgn] kfn]sL 5}gg\ . b}lgs ? #)) bfd ltg]{ ;t{df pgn] ufp“af6} uf]? NofPsL 5g\ . vfgf ksfpg] / gfgLnfO{ ljBfno k7fpg] sfd ubf{ub}{ pgsf] laxfg laTg] u/]sf] 5 . gf} ah]kl5 lbp“;f] ca]nf;Dd pgL …x x tf/], x x dfn]Ú eGb} xnf] hf]Tg Jo:t x'lG5g\ . ?kfn] klt ljb]z uPkl5 xnf] hf]Tg yfn]sf] v'n:t ul/g\ . v}/]gL a:tLdf pgs} h:tf] xnf] hf]Tg] kf}/vL dlxnfsf] ;ª\Vof w]/} 5 . ePsf o'jf ljb]z uPkl5 ufp“df dlxnf, a"9fkfsf / s]6fs]6Ldfq af“sL /x]sf] atfp“5g\ :yfgLo ejfgL ;fDjf . …nf]Ug] dfG5] ljb]z uPsf 5g\, v]tL gu/L vfg] csf]{ dfWod 5}g,Ú :yfgLo dlxnfsf] b}lgsL ;'gfp“b} ejfgL eG5g\– …v]tfnf kfOg 5f8]kl5 dlxnf cfkm“} xn gfg{ yfn] .Ú o;} ;ftf v}/]gLdf xnf] hf]Tb} ubf{ e]l6PsL csL{ dlxnf km'ndfof kmfuf]n] …dfOtLdf sfd ;3fpg cfPsf]Ú atfOg\ . sfvdf b"w] 5f]/f x'sf{O/x]sL km'ndfofsf klt klg j}b]lzs /f]huf/Ld} uPsf 5g\ . dfOtdf a'af la/fdL ePsf] x'“bf v]t hf]Tg] sfd ;3fpg pgL s]xL

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Article

www.nepalipatra.com

Digvijay Thapa

any entrepreneurs start their business in a hope that the profit will keep them alive; and their family. But as the business moves round in its cyclical process of ups and downs, many small businesses busts within few years time of their incorporation. Examples from research are there that many failure starts from the entrepreneurs themselves. Here are some of the top broad reasons why many start up fails in the early years.

Inexperienced Owners: Many individuals or partners start a business which is not in their area of expertise.Without knowing the market and not doing a proper research; or even without having a differentiated service and products they put their hands and money into the sector which is declining or is in high competition. Their lack of knowledge to the market, products and the clients behaviour makes the business to go in bad direction; Thus many of the shareholders blame each other later on for their short comings once the faults starts to speed up.

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Why Small Business Fails

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Lack of Business Plan: Many owners fail in the initial period itself due to the lack of proper and effective business plan in place. They fail on the grounds of their strategic planning. Errors are seen within short span of time. Failure to create and adhere to their strategic plans and policies for their operation is one of the most important factors which make the business to go bust. 

03 - 09 Mar 2015

Under Capitalized: One of the most important factors to look at is the Cash available to the business operation. New Business fails due to the lack of operational funds to run the company. They fail to meet the second round of capital to manage the company after its formation. From my viewpoint at least the entrepreneur needs to set aside 6-10 months of business operational expenses funds separately besides their own family expenses when they start the business. One recent example I have seen from my own client. Location, Location and Location: To be careful while choosing a location is first stage in any start-ups. Without knowing the demographics, customer taste and the market niche and establishing the business on the wrong side of the road creates problem. Personal Expenses Covered: While the business has just started up many partners use their

SME PERSPECTIVE business accounts funds for their personal living expenses which makes less money available to meet the operational expenses of the business ; Thus find hard to recover at later stage once the problem becomes severe. Unexpected Growth: Some of the business owners try to expand the business without any through research of whether it’s the time for their business to expand or not? Whether they meet the capital and labour requirements to fund the expected growth or not? Also diverting the business and unexpectedly injecting funds to a new business when the money is available, creates problem in finding hard to locate the new customer base; and to compete

with the large players in the market , especially with their prices and other promotional offers. Sometimes owners negligence makes the business go bust without a proper findings of whether they need the growth or not ? Sometimes slow and steady wins the race. Promoting Organic growth can be an option for survival in the long run also. Poor Management: Management of inefficiencies in terms of improper control of inventory and accounting procedures; and thinking sales as total profit , and failure to fo re ca st a n d m e a s u re the working capitals for the company, negligence to keep track of the sales , and failure to maintain reserves for hard times, inadequate advertisements for the new business and improper pricing policies, failure to meet up with the suppliers payments or failing to recover the non payments from the clients ; with further added up with poor customer service and quality of products & No place to handle the complaints and feedbacks from the clients arevery few examples of poor management

17

to fail in early years. Chances are that those looking into these a spects ma na ge to s u r v i v e fo r l o n g e r r u n s . Staffing: Many entrepreneurs bel i eve that they ca n do everything by themselves and this creates a problem in hiring the workforce needed for the company. Even hiring the inefficient employees or having too less employees; or over staffing or making efforts to retain the efficient employees in the business leads to operational inefficiencies which take a good bad shape in the long run. Entrepreneurs themselves not taking seriously the business vision to make it successful are few examples. These are not the overall reasons to accept as small business failures are still hard to define due to less information available either from the statistics or even from the entrepreneurs themselves. But on  the emotional sides having the right and true zeal to move forward the business create a positive vibration in the minds of staff and gives a positive energy each day to maintain the flow and to make the company operationally successful.  (Sales and Marketing Manager Europe Ko NepaliPatra)

Changing State Sponsorship Hemraj Bhatta

S

tate Sponsorship has changed and in fact, it is no more the state sponsorship as it is supposed to be. It is the same thing as the SkillSelect itself, in the sense that both are the selection based invitation process. Both have the same principle and procedure, the only difference is you can apply for State Sponsorship at score of 55 points while SkillSelect needs 60 points score to be accepting you. As well as this, for you to be nominated by state you should apply as you would for SkillSelect and that both have now became an invitation based system. S o, w h at h a s c h a n ge d and what is the impact upon individuals. By being a selection based invitation system, you just apply for state sponsorship

as most of the others and wait for you to be invited for being a better quality applicant than others. This would be the same as in SkillSelect which would prefer to invite for application to applicant with 65 over 60. In state sponsorship, it’s not the point score as all of the applicant will have the same score rather it is the quality of the applicant in terms of English, experience and when they have applied that is important for select of an applicant over others. It’s like a job application where your selection is based on your qualities compared to others. Now, isn’t it the same in SkillSelect processing as well? So, what’s the point? For you, if you are the last two applicant and if there is only one spot left in the occupation ceiling and the body has to chose one of the two or more, they will look at point score which is based on English and experience predominantly and then they would look at the time applied and can go further

into individual qualities. The only differences at this stage that separate between SkillSelect and the present state sponsorship, in my view, is that state don't care about the age factor while SkillSelect may not care about individual aspect of English or experience below something

that can score point. Then there is another aspect of the equation mostly ignored or forgotten –the occupational ceiling that may be applied to occupations by the department. What if you could get selected but there is a ceiling that would prevent you. Occupation ceiling is crucial as there is a huge volume of applicant in one occupation over others and people might

not get a chance in both systems just because of this. The lower the ceiling is filled, the higher your chance of getting selection, which often we ignore. The future of state is more uncertain as the present system is meaningless and it’s not much different and supplementing to the SkillSelect process as it should be. And, the fact that the state has opened the entire occupation list now merely shows that they just want to look like a party to the visa rather than completely getting out of the equation. There is not much meaning to state sponsorship if there is not a specific skill that the state in particular may want from the general SOL list. Add to that, the state system is not much different to the SkillSelect rather than just that you can express the state nomination and be granted one at 55 while SkillSelect at 60 only points. It may just be undermining the 60 point score required and may be giving someone a preference

over others and may have a risk of internal preference going on. The point score is a merit based system and should not just act as a lottery system where an individual at 55 score can get lucky over other, without strict and clear preferential system, and get an opportunity to apply for residency which one would not have been able to apply should they require a score of 60 in State nominated programs. If the applicant is more than likely to stay in Sydney and the EIO score is 60, isn’t the state opening whole list of skills to be able to apply and the mere individual quality as a test at 55 just another way to retain, attract or confuse individual and keep pressing the power they may have. Or, is it merely their position and their ability to be a player and staying being a player in the immigration management of the GSM that they are playing about. Perhaps it’s time to think beyond the box. 


www.nepalipatra.com

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18

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

;'?sf lbgdf 3/fo;L ;d:ofn] dgdf tgfj x'g] / tkfO{+dfly uDeL/ cf/f]k nfUg ;S5 . dgsf] r~rntfn] vr{sf] j[l4 x'g]5 eg] cfly{s n]gb]gdf ;d]t ljjfb kg]{5 . zlgaf/af6 u/]sf] sfddf ;lhn} ;kmntf ldNg]5 eg] cfDbfgL dgUo x'g]5 . ldqtf / kfl/jfl/s ;DaGwdf ;'wf/ x'g]5 . n]vg ;lxToaf6 k'/:s[t x'g]5 .

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www.nepalipatra.com

03 - 09 Mar 2015

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;fd;'ª P; l;S; clk|n !) b]lv ahf/df cfpg] PKkn sDklg4f/f lgld{t cfO{kmf]gsf] Ps dfq k|lt4G4L ;fd;'ªn] cfkm\gf b'O{ gof“ df]afOn kmf]gx? Ps} k6s ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] 5 . :k]gsf] afl;nf]{gfdf dfr{ @ b]lv % ;Dd rNg] df]jfOn kmf]gx?sf] laZj ;Dd]ng -df]jfOn jN8{ s+u|];_ df cfOtaf/ ;f“´ ;fd;'ªn] b'O{ gofF df]jfOn ;fj{hflgs u/]sf] xf] . PKknn] cfkm\gf b'O{ gof“ kmf]g cfOkmf]g l;S; / l;S; Kn; ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] ^ dlxgf glaTb} ;fd;'ª Uofn]S;L P; l;S; / 3'dfp/f] lsgf/f ePsf] Uofn]S;L Ph ;lxt k|lt:kwf{df pq]sf] xf] . laz]Èu/L cfOkmf]gsf k|of]ustf{ k|lt nlÔt /x]/ lgdf{0f ul/Psf ;fd;'ªsf b'O{ gof“ kmf]g cfufdL dlxgf clk|n !) b]lv ljZjsf @) j6f b]zaf6 laqmL ul/g] cfOtaf/ ;f“´ afl;{nf]gfdf ;DkGg df]afOn ;fa{hlgs ;df/f]xdf hfgsf/L lbOPsf] 5 . ;fd;'ªsf o; cl3sf kmf]gdf c? ;a} lkmr;{x? /fd|f eP klg kmf]gsf] lgdf0f{df Knfl:6ssf] k|of]u ePsf]n] k|of]ustf{x?sf] Aofks u'gf;f] /xg] u/]sf] lyof] . laz]Èul/ kl5Nnf] k6s ahf/df cfPsf] Uofn]S;L P; kmfOesf] l8hfOgsf] laÈodf Jofks cfnf]rgf ePkl5 o;sf k|d'v

l8hfOg/n] ut aÈ{sf] d] af6 sfd 5f]8]sf lyP eg] uPsf] xKtf ;fd;'ªn] jflif{s cfDbfgL 36]sf sf/0f uPsf ^ aÈ{df klxnf] k6s cfkm\gf sd{rf/Lx?sf] tna /f]Sg] 3f]È0ff u/]sf] lyof] . t/, lt ;a} u'gf;fx?nfO{ ;Daf]wg ub}{ o; k6s ;fd;'ªn] gof“ kmf]gdf d]6n / Unf;sf] k|of]u u/]sf] 5 . PKkn;Fu bl/nf] k|ltikwf{df plqgsf nflu ;fd;'ªn] cfOtjf/ ;f“´ ;fj{hlgs u/]sf] ax'k|ltlÔt

kmf]g ;fd;'ª Uofn]S;L P; ^ df %=! OGr So'Pr8L ;'k/ cdf]n]8 l:qmg ;fOh /x]sf] P; l;S;df # hLaL ¥ofd tyf #@, ^$ / !@* lhlasf] :6f]/]h Ôdtf /x]sf] 5 . pQm df]jfOn kmf]gdf !^ d]uflkS;nsf] Sofd/f h8fg ul/Psf] 5 . kmf]gdf Od]h :6AnfO{h];g ;'lawf klg /flvPsf] 5 . o;cl3 P; kmfOedf /x]sf] lkmª\u/ lk|G6 ;]G;/nfO{ o; kmf]gdf ;'wf/ ul/Psf] 5 . laleGg gof“ ;'lawfx? yk ul/Psf] P; l;S;df jfo/n]; Aof6«L rfh{/sf] ;'lawf /x]sf] 5 eg] Aof6«Lsf] Ôdtf a9L ePsf] / l56f] rfh{ ug{ ;lsg] klg sDkgLn] hgfPsf] 5 . !) ldg]6 dfq rfh{ ubf{ klg $ 306f kmf]g k|of]u ug{ ;lsg] sDkgLn] atfPsf] 5 . ax'k|ltlÔt kmf]g ;fd;'ª Uofn]S;L P; l;S;n] P; kmfOedf ePsf cGo s]xL dxTjk"0f{ lkmr;{x? eg] x6fPsf] 5 . h:t} P; kmfOesf] Aof6«L lgsfNg ldNYof] eg] P; ^ df ldNb}g . To:t} P; l;S;df dfOqmf] P;8L sf8{ yKg klg ldNb}g . P; kmfOedf /x]sf] csf]{ dxTjk"0f{ ;'ljwf w'nf] / kfgL af6 P; l;S;nfO{ arfpFg eg] ;lsb}g . m k|sfz ltjf/L

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03 - 09 Mar 2015

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