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He dedicated his first projects to show the miserable conditions of work in Africa and Latin America. Then he focused on the famine and drought crises in North Africa, especially in Ethiopia. Salgado was an eyewitness to miseries and horrors. In 1987, his first selffunded project, surprised the world causing a flood of praise and criticism. He made an amazing black and white work on the exploitation, almost animal, in a gold mine in Brazil. It was published in the New York Times magazine and removed the foundations of photoreporting. Salgado is different from all photographers. He conceives and creates his extensive projects as titanic long-term endeavours. He presents them in exhibitions and books with his very personal stamp: a strong visual coherence and a clear message for humanity.

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From 1977 to 1984, Salgado traveled throughout Latin America visiting ethnic groups and tribes in remote mountain villages and the most lost jungles, which he captured in his book "Other Americas" (1986). He traveled to 26 countries for seven years to examine the evolution of manual labor. He published "Workers", “The Hand of Man” (1993). He focused on the growing increase of human migrations that he exposed in two books: "Migrations" and "The Children", highlighting the most defenceless. "In all situations of crisis, war, misery or natural disaster, children are always the biggest victims.” But his commitment goes far beyond his photographs. In 1998, he converted a large piece of land that he inherited from his family into a nature reserve and created the Terra Institute. In addition to photography, he works to reforest the depleted jungle of the Amazon. In 1998 he managed to convert part of his native land into a nature reserve. Together with his wife, the Terra Institute, aims to protect nature and ethnic groups in danger of extinction.

The great heart of Sebastiao Salgado leads him to collaborate as a volunteer with “Médecins sans Frontières” (Doctors with no borders) and the World Health Organization. He has been UNICEF Goodwill Ambassador for many years. What differentiates Salgado's photography, in his representation of human suffering, is that he shows the inner strength of the survivors, beyond the tragedy. Behind each photograph we perceive a strong love for humanity, compassion instead of sorrow, empathy instead of morbid. He describes injustice by letting the subject himself speak through his powerful images. But this becomes an emotionally exhausting experience.

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