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April 2012

A MESSAGE FROM THE PRESIDENT Dear NEHC Members, I am very pleased to announce that your Board of Directors has awarded the NEHC Safety Award to Dartmouth-Hitchcock Advanced Response Team (DHART) and Metro Aviation, Inc. Our safety award recognizes individuals and groups for excellence in rotorcraft aviation safety and honors those who have displayed “outstanding service on behalf of safety, whether it be valor, professionalism or service above and beyond normal expectations.” The NEHC Safety Award was 1st awarded to Robert Girouard in 1985 when our organization was known as the New England Helicopter Pilots Association. Since then we have been pleased to recognize a number of well deserving recipients including John Anderson (1986) for outstanding service to the helicopter community as a founding member of the NEHPA, George Vincent (1989) for his professionalism and contributions to helicopter safety as President of the NEHPA, and Survival Systems (2010) for their contribution to helicopter aviation safety training.

DHART and Metro Aviation have been selected for this award as a result of their innovative operating practices and impeccable safety record. The article starting on page 2 describes the collaboration between these two outstanding organizations and how their combined efforts support the DartmouthHitchcock Medical Center. NEHC is pleased to recognize these two organizations for their achievements. Part of the DHART/Metro success story is that they have implemented rigorous operating procedures and invest in state of the art technology. You will also find articles in this edition of the newsletter that give further details about flying helicopters in instrument meteorological conditions and describe the benefits, and some of the limitations, of airborne weather radar, techniques and tools used by our safety award recipient. I’d like to take a moment to thank the NEHC members who participated in the 2012 Aviation, Maritime and Transportation Education Expo. The event is a partnership between the FAA and Massport's Office. Representatives from industry, government, colleges and training institutes join forces to introduce students and their teachers to the career opportunities in aviation and maritime transportation. This year’s event was well attended and a great way to plant seeds to attract the next generation of aviation professionals. Please join us at our membership meeting next week. We Important Notice plan to start the evening with our Annual Meeting, a short business meeting followed immediately by our featured presentation. NEHC Address Change Paul Austin, DHART’s Lead Pilot plans to talk about their operation, how they’re building DHART’s IFR infrastructure and their We have changed our mailing address. collaboration with the FAA to develop standard instrument ap- Please mail all correspondence to: proach procedures at hospital heliports. Please join us at the 70 E. Falmouth Highway, Suite 3 Tewksbury Country Club on April 17. It promises to be a great East Falmouth, MA 02536 night, and you won’t want to miss it!

email: info@nehc.org W. Gregory Harville President

NEHC Safety Award Recipients

The New England Helicopter Council is pleased to announce that its 2012 Safety Award is being presented to the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Advanced Response Team (DHART) and their aviation services provider, Metro Aviation, Inc. NEHC’s Safety Award recognizes individuals and groups for excellence in rotorcraft aviation safety and honors those who have displayed outstanding service on behalf of safety, whether for valor, professionalism or service above and beyond normal expectations. DHART and Metro Aviation have earned this award as a result of their innovative operating practices and impeccable safety record. DHART pilots use state of the art tools, such as night vision goggles, airborne weather avoidance radar and GPS to fly standard instrument approach procedures to hospitals in marginal weather conditions. Aircraft are dispatched using a real-time, satellite based tracking system. The aeromedical staff and helicopter mechanics are highly experienced professionals who regularly participate in rigorous professional continuing education. The combination of Metro Aviation’s professionalism and commitment to aviation safety and DHART’s expertise in emergency medical care, have created an industry leading collaboration in aeromedical transportation. More about DHART - Since its inception in July of 1994, DHART has transported more than 14,500 patients in the air over 1,510,000 miles. DHART medical teams are comprised of critical care nurses & paramedics and respiratory care practitioners. Medical crewmembers have, on average, 16 years’ critical care and/or EMS experience. The pilot staff is similarly well qualified. Pilots are required to be instrument rated and have a minimum of 2,500 hours flight time as pilot in command. Safe operation in the challenging aero-medical profession requires pilots to maintain night and instrument flight proficiency. More about Metro Aviation, Inc. – From the company’s beginning, Metro has maintained a posture of excellence within their industry. Metro’s pledge is to provide exemplary service, safety and leadership to each of their clients and to the industry as a whole. Professionalism and commitment to safety is not only Metro’s pledge but it’s their philosophy. Metro Aviation was incorporated in 1982 as a helicopter charter, flight training, and maintenance operation. Their entry into the air medical service business came in November 1983 when Metro Aviation entered into a long-term agreement to provide helicopter ambulance service for Schumpert Medical Center in Shreveport, Louisiana using two Hughes 500D helicopters. Now, Metro Aviation has air medical transport operations throughout the United States and has earned a reputation for excellence in helicopter medical transportation services that is internationally recognized. Metro has been DHART’s aviation service provider since the program’s inception. More about Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center – DHMC is New Hampshire’s only American College of Surgeons verified, Level 1 Trauma Center. Their mission is to advance health through research, education, clinical practice and community partnerships. DHART is a successful example of DHMC’s vision, goals and values. Although DHART is most visible when transporting trauma patients from accident scenes, most of their work, about 75% of all flights, involves transporting critically ill or injured patients from one hospital to another. 2

More about the Aircraft: DHART flies the American Eurocopter EC135. The characteristics of this aircraft include Weight (empty): 4,505 lbs Payload capacity: 1,745 lbs Length: 33.5 ft Height: 11.9 ft Width: 6.6 ft Cabin volume: 173 cf Cruising speed: 150 mph Range: 405 statute miles Enhancements: Full-color weather radar, satellite tracking system, night vision goggles for pilot and crew use, a flight data recorder, HTAWS and an active traffic avoidance system. DHART operates two EC135 helicopters and uses a third aircraft as backup – one based at DHMC in Lebanon, NH and the one based in Manchester, NH. These aircraft have flown over 16,000 flight hours and represent the latest in aviation technology and enhance DHART’s ability to provide care to critically ill and injured patients anywhere in Northern New England. The EC135 provides great lifting capability, which is especially important when operating at high altitude during warm weather. Each aircraft is equipped with color weather radar and a satellite tracking system. These tools allow pilots to see the stormy weather ahead of the aircraft and dispatch to monitor the aircraft’s position, in real-time, back at the communications center. DHART was the first program in New England to fly with night vision goggles, optical devices that allow the pilots to see at night in levels of light that approach near darkness. To further enhance safety, DHART is currently developing a fully integrated helicopter instrument flight rules route structure and helicopter instrument approach procedures. This first-in-the-world project will allow DHART helicopters to fly safely between 30 hospitals in New Hampshire and Vermont in poor weather conditions.

Helicopter Operations Under Instrument Flight Rules According to a study published by the U.S. Joint Helicopter Safety Analysis Teams (US-JHSAT), “When a pilot encounters inadvertent IMC, it is usually because the pilot chose to continue a VFR flight into poor or reduced visibility. When an accident occurs after continued flight in poor visibility conditions, it is usually the result of hitting an unseen object or obstruction, or simply flying into the ground (CFIT).” This report goes on to state that when an accident occurs as a result of IIMC, the outcome is almost always fatal. A sobering statistic! U.S.-JHSAT concludes their report with this advice, “A key to survival is to avoid such situations always.” So, let’s talk about flying helicopters under instrument flight rules. Federal Aviation Regulations give helicopter pilots tremendous latitude to fly in poor visibility. For operations conducted under Part 91 of the regulations, there’s no minimum ceiling or flight visibility required to fly in uncontrolled airspace. FAR 91.155 allows helicopters to be operated clear of clouds if operated at a speed that allows the pilot adequate opportunity to see any air traffic or obstruction in time to avoid a collision. Helicopter operations conducted under FAR Part 135 are slightly more restrictive; the rules require at least a ½ mile visibility during day time and 1 mile visibility at night. Please consider that there is nothing in these rules that tells a helicopter pilot that it’s safe to fly when the ceiling is very low or in very low visibility. In other words, don’t interpret the permissible flexibility to suggest, I can go – therefore I must go. It may be perfectly safe to fly along a well surveyed route, all power lines and towers known and marked on the chart, with contingency landing areas along the route as a backup plan in case the weather is lower that your personal minimums. Such a flight is vastly different than a long cross country over unfamiliar terrain, watching for obstacles, ‘on-the-fly’. Consider upgrading your skills and equipment and fly IFR if you really need fly in such weather. (Continued on page 4)


(Continued from page 3)

How do you prepare yourself to fly IFR? To start with, you need a helicopter instrument rating. FAR Part 61 describes the detailed requirements to earn this rating. You will need dual training, log certain aeronautical experience and pass both a written and practical (check ride) test. If you have an airplane instrument rating, you meet most of the prerequisites for the helicopter instrument rating but will need at least 15 hours of instrument dual instruction in a helicopter and then pass the check ride. Already have a helicopter instrument rating? You just need to concentrate on regaining the instrument flight proficiency you had when you earned your helicopter instrument rating. Instrument flying is not like riding a bike. There is a huge difference between currency and proficiency. Just like the pilot, the helicopter also needs to be certified for IFR flight. The helicopter needs appropriate communication & navigation equipment, and adequate backup systems to ensure safety. If you want to fly single pilot IFR the helicopter will need an autopilot. Certification rules do not require multi -engine reliability but, in practice, it’s rare to find IFR certified single-engine helicopters. Flying IFR is a tool that can minimize your chances of striking an unseen object while scud running. Pilots who maintain instrument proficiency and regularly fly under instrument flight rules, typically prefer flying IFR than VFR. However, IFR creates other challenges, and requires helicopter pilots to change their ‘mind set’ before launching off into the clouds. You’ll need to carry additional reserve fuel and make alternate and contingency plans depending on where you’ll be flying and the characteristics of the air mass along your flight route. Helicopter pilots are comfortable with the concept that in an abnormal situation they can land almost anywhere; once you enter the clouds you’ll need to fly a standard instrument approach to get the helicopter safely back to the ground. The helicopter industry has embraced IFR flight. As you read in a separate article, DHART’s helicopters are capable of IFR flight and are routinely flown under instrument flight rules. Boston MedFlight and LifeFlight of Maine also fly IFR. Most of the helicopters operated by members of the Eastern Region Helicopter Council, in and around New York City, are IFR capable. The oil and gas industry in the Gulf of Mexico and Aberdeen, and elsewhere around the world, routinely fly their helicopters in instrument meteorological conditions. Is helicopter IFR right for you? The ability to fly IFR will give you more options and can increase your ability to fly safely in low visibility. IFR flight requires an initial training and equipment investment and requires long term commitment to maintaining the proficiency required to operate in the instrument environment. At the very least, you should give serious consideration to earning a helicopter instrument rating. This 1st step will give you a much better understanding of what’s involved in IFR flight and give you a better appreciation of the challenges you’ll face if you ever inadvertently end up in the clouds. An instrument rating will make you a better pilot and you’ll have fun in the process. ## 4

Bell Helicopter Introduces the 525 “Relentless” Super Medium Helicopter FORT WORTH, TEXAS (February 12, 2012) – Bell Helicopter, a Textron Inc. company (NYSE: TXT), announced today the world’s first “super-medium” helicopter, the Bell 525 Relentless, at the 2012 Heli-Expo in Dallas, Texas. “Today, we celebrate with our customers – not only the

launch of this new product – but the result of our collective efforts to define a new class of helicopter that raises the bar on innovation in the industry,” said John Garrison, President & CEO, Bell Helicopter. The Bell 525 Relentless defines the new “super medium” product class - positioned at the upper end of the medium class and designed to offer best-in-class capabilities to our customers. It features superior payload and range, cabin and cargo volumes and crew visibility. “The new Bell 525 Relentless is a culmination of our research and development efforts, which were informed by a representative product development panel of our customers, including PHi, an industry leader in helicopter operations. Relentlessly listening to our customers and using their feedback to provide them with the right product at the right time has been the winning combination,” Garrison said. “Having PHi and our other customers engage with us on this unprecedented new aircraft validates our product development strategies – placing our customers at the center of everything we do. We appreciate the collaborative spirit we share with all of our customers who have participated in this innovative process.” The new Bell 525 Relentless will be powered by the reliable performance of world-class GE engines – the GE CT7-2F1. This latest version of the highly successful CT7 family is designed with an emphasis on low fuel consumption, low cost of operation and with other technical features to ensure aircraft meet the requirements of long range, high payload missions. The CT7-2F1 engine includes a state-of-theart Full Authority Digital Engine Control (FADEC) plus advanced materials, primarily in the turbine section. Capable of carrying up to 16 passengers, the Bell 525 Relentless is designed to support our customers in various mission configurations including oil & gas, search & rescue, helicopter emergency medical services and VIP/corporate transport.

For more information contact: Angela Baldwin 817-280-6737 (office) akbaldwin@bellhelicopter.textron.com


SAFETY ALERT AD 2011-12-10 To detect blade skin debond, prevent blade failure and subsequent loss of helicopter control. Airworthiness Directive revised March 5, 2012. If you fly Robinson R-22 and R-44 helicopters, this information may apply to you. For more information visit: http://rgl.faa.gov/ Regulatory_and_Guidance_Library% 5CrgAD.nsf/0/7950DFF2185691F A862578B2004D6912? OpenDocument

Aircraft Re-Registration Reminder The next deadline is for aircraft registered in August of any year. Unless your aircraft registration has an expiration date, the registration expires on June 30, 2012. For more information please refer to Aircraft Registration on the Licenses & Certificates Tab @ www.faa.gov.

Lightspeed Aviation Foundation Honors—EAA 106 EAA-106 has been selected as a finalist for Lightspeed Aviation Foundation’s, 2012 Pilots’ Choice Award. The top five selected non-profit organizations will each receive a grant of not less than $10,000. Lightspeed makes its award based on which organization, from the twenty finalists that are announced each March, receives the most pilot votes. Your vote counts! Please use this link to cast your vote for our EAA-106 colleagues. http://tinyurl.com/EAA106-2012-VOTE Lightspeed Aviation Foundation was established in 2010 to serve the aviation community. The Foundation’s mission is to promote a vibrant and growing pilot community, support education that will preserve and extend the future of aviation and provide financial support to help like-minded aviation organizations. Their vision is to enthusiastically advance aviation in three key areas: Growth— to assure a vibrant and growing pilot community by introducing, engaging and nurturing the next generation of aviation enthusiasts,

EAA106 VIDEO: http://youtu.be/h1l3ZjOn0qw

Advocacy—Lightspeed feels it’s fundamental to support education and action outside the pilot community that will preserve and extend the future of aviation, and Compassion—They believe that it’s essential to use their gifts within the aviation community to serve others for the betterment of others. To learn more about the Lightspeed Aviation Foundation please visit: www.lightspeedaviationfoundation.org/ 6

FEDERAL EXCISE TAX UPDATE As a result of the FAA Reauthorization bill which is now law, there were changes to the small aircraft exemption from FET. These changes became effective on March 31. The change impacts “jet” powered aircraft. IRS defines jet powered as all turbine powered aircraft. If you’re flying a light, turbine powered helicopter “for-hire” you may now be subject to both the 7.5% FET and Segment Fees, a tax in the amount of $3.80 per passenger per takeoff. Here is how the law reads now, with the change: “The taxes imposed by sections 4261 and 4271 shall not apply to transportation by an aircraft having a maximum certificated takeoff weight of 6,000 pounds or less, except when such aircraft is operated on an established line or when such aircraft is a jet aircraft. For purposes of the preceding sentence, the term “maximum certificated takeoff weight” means the maximum such weight contained in the type certificate or airworthiness certificate. For purposes of this section, an aircraft shall not be considered as operated on an established line at any time during which such aircraft is being operated on a flight the sole purpose of which is sightseeing.” If you’re flying a light piston helicopter the FET exemption is still in place. Questions? Please refer to www.irs.gov or contact your income tax advisor.

Please welcome the New England Air Museum as our newest Affiliate Member.

www.neam.org The New England Air Museum is owned and operated by the Connecticut Aeronautical Historical Association, a private, non-profit educational institution organized in 1959. Located at Bradley International Airport in Windsor Locks, the Museum is the largest aviation museum in New England. This educational organization is dedicated to preserving and presenting historically significant aircraft and related artifacts, engaging visitors through high-quality exhibits helping them to understand aviation technology and history, and inspiring students through innovative and handson educational programs. ##

Attention—Military Aviators A number of NEHC members are current, or former, military helicopter pilots. We want YOU to be a member, too. Please join us at the membership meeting on April 17. Identify yourself as a military aviator and be our complimentary guest.


Eurocopter’s 2,000 Reasons to Believe in its Products and Support In 2011 Eurocopter delivered the 1,000th DAUPHIN, a figure that provides further proof not only of the Dauphin family’s longevity, but also of its tremendous popularity around the globe. The Dauphin family now comprises the twinengine AS365 N3+ (and soon the AS365 N3e, which offers even higher performance levels and is slated for certification by the end of 2013), representing 86% of deliveries, and the larger, five bladed EC155 B1, which makes up 14% of the 1,000+ Dauphins already manufactured. Since the program was first launched back in the 1970s, the Dauphin family has gained the confidence of large organizations and operators throughout the world, totaling more than 5,100,000 flight hours and boasting a very low accident rate. The number one Dauphin operator is none other than the U.S. Coast Guard, which operates a fleet of 101 Dauphins. Used extensively for public service missions and in the oil & gas sector, the Dauphin family has also made a name for itself in private & business aviation and (to a lesser degree) in long-distance air ambulance missions. In geographical terms, Asia is where the Dauphin is most prevalent, being home to 33% of the world’s Dauphins manufactured so far. The remaining helicopters are spread as follows: Europe (29%), North America (17%), South America (10%), Africa (9%) and Oceania (2%). Also in 2011, only fifteen years after series production first began on the helicopter, Eurocopter CEO Lutz Bertling handed over the keys for the 1,000th EC135. The EC135 has been a leader in the twin-engine light helicopter market ever since it was first introduced and is now flown by 271 customers in 55 countries and boasts over 2,200,000 flight hours. The keys to the helicopter’s success are many: high availability rates, reduced maintenance and operating costs, extremely low sound levels and the increased safety offered by its Fenestron® shrouded tail rotor. The wide range of missions performed by the EC135 is just as impressive: emergency medical, law enforcement, private & business aviation (including a special luxurious Hermès edition), advanced military training, wind farm surveillance and services to off shore platforms. American Eurocopter is pleased to announce that it currently has both an EC155B1 and EC135 demonstrator available; look out for these aircraft in the New England area. For more information please contact Regional Sales Manager Kristopher DeSoto at Kristopher.desoto@eurocopterusa.com. 8

NEHC Spring Membership Meeting Heavy hors d’oeuvres will be served. Complimentary beverages provided by American Eurocopter. Free admission for members and $10 fee for nonmembers, which is waived if you join NEHC on the night of the meeting.

Tuesday April 17, 2012 7:00 PM at the Tewksbury Country Club 1880 Main Street Tewksbury, MA 01876 (978) 640-0033

Anyone interested in flying into this meeting should contact Marc Ginsburg 978.640.0033 to make arrangements. Happy Flying!

Dartmouth-Hitchcock Advanced Response Team (DHART) Special Guests: Frank Erdman Business Manager DHART

Carmen Dragotta NE Operations Manager

Chris Curra NE Sales & Svc Rep

Paul Austin DHART Lead Pilot Metro Aviation, Inc.

Metro Aviation, Inc. DHART provides medical transportation to residents of northern New England. When a patient needs medical evacuation, DHART’s helicopter responds to the accident scene to fly the casualty to the closest trauma center. DHART is affiliated with the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center and is based in both Lebanon and Manchester, New Hampshire. Metro Aviation, based in Shreveport, Louisiana, provides pilots and mechanics to fly and service the helicopters. The advanced response team includes flight nurses, paramedics, EMT’s, along with respiratory care & communication specialists. DHMC is New Hampshire’s only American College of Surgeons verified, Level 1 Trauma Center and DHART is the state’s only helicopter emergency medical service. Three great organizations combined to make one great partnership for the local communities. Please join us to learn about this successful collaboration between DHART & Metro Aviation and how this program has earned its enviable record of safe and reliable aero-medical transportation service in the challenging terrain of New Hampshire’s White and Vermont’s Green Mountains.

Eurocopter EC-155—Static Display at Tewksbury Eurocopter’s EC155 is a technologically-advanced helicopter designed for a wide mission range – from highly-demanding law enforcement and offshore operations to corporate transportation. The five-blade main rotor and Fenestron® tail rotor combine the benefits of high speed and low noise, while state-of-the-art avionics reduce pilot workload and ensure ease of maintenance. Please join us and tour this incredible helicopter. On static display 2:00 PM until 6:30 PM For more information please contact:

Kristopher.Desoto@eurocopterusa.com Subject to weather conditions—please check www.nehc.org for current information about the static display schedule.

In addition, Bill Carroll will host, “Back-To-Our-Roots”. This is an interactive discussion to identify and propose solutions to solve local hazards, safety issues, ATC concerns, or other such problems that may affect NEHC members. We look forward to your participation in this discussion. 9

Helicopter Puzzles Mystery Helicopter Can you identify this aircraft? The first person to correctly identify this aircraft will win a coveted NEHC ball cap, as well as important bragging rights. Please tell us who built the aircraft and something about its history. Answers can be submitted online at info@nehc.org or drop us a note addressed to: New England Helicopter Council 70 E. Falmouth Hwy, Suite 3 East Falmouth, MA 02536 More overheard on the radio -

A helicopter student pilot became lost during a solo cross-country flight. While attempting to locate the aircraft on radar, ATC asked, "What was your last known position?" The reply: "When I was cleared for takeoff". Helicopter: "Tower, Helicopter 12345, student pilot, I am out of fuel." Tower: "Roger Helicopter 12345, reduce airspeed to best glide!! Do you have the airfield in sight?!?!!" Helicopter: "Uh...tower, I am on the south ramp; I just want to know where the fuel truck is." IFR Helicopter Pilot: "Good morning clearance, Helicopter 12345 IFR to Boston. Clearance: "Helicopter 12345, Expect Departure Clearance Time delay of two hours." IFR Helicopter Pilot: "Please confirm: two hours delay?" Clearance: "Affirmative." IFR Helicopter Pilot: "In that case, cancel the good morning!"

H-E-L-I-C-O-P-T-R Sudoku I L















Fill the grid so that every row, every column, and every 3 x 3 box contains the letters HELICOPTR








C—O—P—T—E—R Sudoku



Fill the grid so that every row, every column, and every 2 x 3 box contains the letters









Airborne Weather Radar The term RADAR is an acronym for RAdio Detecting and Ranging and locating targets by using radio waves. Nowadays, radar is common equipment in all but the smallest general aviation airplanes. Radar is often found in twin engine IFR equipped helicopters but is virtually never installed in single engine VFR helicopters. These helicopters represent the vast majority of the helicopter fleet and as a pilot flying such aircraft you may not have been exposed to this technology. Here’s a brief introduction to onboard weather radar. Why radar? Weather radar is a popular method of alerting the flight crew to the presence and location of thunderstorms. Three common threats to aircraft are turbulence, hail and windshear at low altitude; all three of these phenomena are common by-products of thunderstorms. Radar is fundamentally a distance measuring system using the principle of radio echoing. The transmitter sends a microwave pulse in front of the aircraft; the pulse hits a target and is reflected back to the antenna. A computer calculates the time it takes for the echo to bounce back to the antenna, determines its distance from the aircraft and shows the target on a display in the cockpit. These radio waves travel very fast, about 300 million meters per second, which means that a radar provides nearly instantaneous information to the aircrew. Airborne weather avoidance radar, as its name implies, is for avoiding severe weather, not for penetrating it. Whether to fly into an area of radar echoes depends on echo-intensity, spacing between the echoes, aircraft capabilities and pilot experience. Radar detects only precipitation drops. Since it does not detect minute cloud droplets it cannot be used to avoid instrument weather in clouds and fog and it does not directly detect turbulence. A brief history. Like many advancements in technology, radar development was heavily funded by war time necessity. Radar principles have been known since the turn of the century. In 1904, Christian Hülsmeyer, a German inventor, used radio waves to locate a ship. While working to advance radar technology in 1933, Dr. Rudolph Kühnold of the German Navy inadvertently detected a seaplane moving in front of his radar unit, discovering by accident the use of radar for aircraft detection. By the mid-1930s, radar principles were well known and being actively developed by Japan, Germany, Russia, America and Britain. Dismissing valuable radar data played a disastrous role at Pearl Harbor. The U.S. Army deployed mobile radar on the island of Oahu, Hawaii. On Dec. 7, 1941, radar operators detected incoming aircraft and relayed this information up the chain of command. The duty officer, having heard a vague rumor of incoming American bombers due around this time, wrongly dismissed the report as irrelevant. This disaster alerted the American military to the importance of radar and significantly sped up its deployment. Airborne weather radar goes back more than 50 years. Early versions consisted of big, high-powered magnetrons, suitable primarily for installation in large, transport category airplanes. The modern era began in 1976, with the introduction of solid-state technology. Solid-state radar and advancements in microprocessor technology combined to create light weight, relatively inexpensive radar units with features designed to automate the ‘black-art’ of radar signal interpretation. Based on a number of landmark aviation accidents, airborne weather radar is now required equipment on board most aircraft in passenger-carrying operations. Pilot Training: Modern radars have a number of useful features to help pilots detect severe weather. That being said, pilots still need to be properly trained to use the radar (Continued on page 12)


(Continued from page 11)

and interpret the echoes. Pilots need to understand such things as: antenna beam illumination, a characteristic commonly referred to as beamwidth; antenna tilt angle, which provides important information about storm height, size, and relative direction of cell movement; radar reflectivity; weather display calibration and attenuation. Intense storms can absorb or scatter radar pulses. This attenuation can make a storm appear to be weaker than it really is or it may lure an inexperienced pilot to fly directly into a particularly strong part of the storm instead of away from an imbedded thunderstorm. Clearly pilot training is important for proper use of airborne weather radar. Wouldn’t it be nice to see this inside your cockpit

When you see that in front of your aircraft

Just a couple more notes about airborne weather radar: Did you know that helicopters flying in the Gulf of Mexico are permitted to use airborne weather radar to fly instrument approaches? Airborne Radar Approaches (ARA) are more fully described in Advisory Circular AC 90-80B. Other than these special operating procedures, weather avoidance radar is not practical as a pilot operable terrain or collision avoidance, and the primary function of these systems is weather analysis and avoidance.

New England Aviation Safety Expo Keynote Topic NextGen and How it Will Affect The General Aviation Pilot. Specialists in aerial application of dry and liquid materials, power line patrol, rooftop HVAC installation, concrete pouring and construction support, mountaintop radio antenna construction & maintenance, and forest fire fighting. JBI Helicopter Services is a Bell Helicopter Customer Service Facility for Bell 206B, 206L, 407 and the 427 model helicopters. FAA Repair Station # FTYR033E 720 Clough Mill Road, Pembroke, NH 03275 TEL: (603) 225-3134 FAX: (603) 224-9050


Need A Lift? Call JBI Helicopter Services


Location: Daniel Webster College Date/Time: 4/14/12, 8:00-5:00 p.m. EST Pre-registration Closes: 4/8/12 Keynote Speaker: Gisele M. Mohler FAA's NextGen Office Attend a number of individual safety classes. For more information: www.faa.gov/news/conferences_events/aviation_expo

Baseball—NASCAR and TFRs! NOTAM 9/5151 IMPORTANT! Don’t forget to check for Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) now that the Major League Baseball season has started. Blanket NOTAM 9/5151 is still in place. Due to the ever changing times and locations of games it is impossible to publish anything more specific. This NOTAM prohibits flight within a 3 NM radius of any stadium with a seating capacity of 30,000 or more people, up to and including 3,000 feet AGL. The airspace restriction starts 1 hour before the scheduled time of the event until one hour after the end of the event. It is incumbent upon the pilot to know if his/her flight route will be affected. Flight Service can only refer pilots to the NOTAM since they have no way of knowing if games are delayed, in overtime, or cancelled. Air Traffic will ensure IFR flights are clear of TFR airspace. VFR pilots need to remember that ATC will only provide TFR advisories on a time permitting basis. In an effort to help pilots avoid violating stadium TFRs, AOPA has developed a list of the major league stadiums and links to the schedules of the events. For more information please visit:


1. Do you fly with a handheld GPS? Add all major league stadiums in your local flying area as USER Waypoints. Set a 3 NM Proximity Circle around these waypoints. Treat these areas as Restricted Airspace. 2. Add baseball game schedules to the calendar on your Smartphone. This is actually easier than it sounds. All major league teams provide their game schedules in a format easily downloaded to your PDA.


NEHC Member Social Event—Boston ‘North-End’ Tour Boston’s “Little Italy” is filled with history, ethnic heritage and authentic Italian food. Sample authentic flavors and discover healthy Mediterranean traditions as you get an insider’s view of one of the premier food neighborhoods in the country. Glean insider cooking tips, learn where & how to buy the very best ingredients. The North End Market Tour is a 3 hour walking event. Plan to wear comfortable shoes and seasonal appropriate attire. Tour groups are limited to 10 persons so we have reserved the first 10 spots for Saturday, May 12th at 9:00AM. We will add additional tours to meet demand. Tours will be filled in the order reservations are received. Tour space with our NEHC group is obviously limited so reserve as soon as possible. Cost is $55.00 per person and does not include lunch. Of course, there are lots of restaurants and shops to chose from after the tour so you can apply your new Italian food knowledge. See the North End of Boston from a whole new perspective. RSVP to Wes Verkaart, w.verk@verizon.net, telephone 617-571-6117 Credit Cards Accepted.

FAA Safety Team | Safer Skies Through Education New Email Notification Choice for Helicopter Operations, FAA Notice Number: NOTC3642 The FAA is beginning to realize that it needs the ability to send pertinent information to helicopter operators who fly low-altitude operations. Included in this group are EMS operations, helicopters that may be used for construction, utility, law enforcement, news media, forestry, fire fighting, etc., as well as agricultural operations. There is also the possibility that the FAA may have the opportunity to advise these type of operators concerning current and future MET tower construction. Therefore, a new choice has been added to the ‘Our Email Notification Preferences’ area on the My Preferences / Profile page at FAASafety.gov. When you check the Helicopter Operations box, you will receive occasional email that may be appropriate for helicopter operators, pilots and mechanics. The FAA also invites you to take this opportunity to use the new Security Questions feature on FAASafety.gov. Please log in and go to your “My Preferences/Profile” link (under the Email & Password tab) to create your own security questions with answers. After April 30th, you will be able to use this feature to change your own email address and/or password. You will also be able to log in to your account using this feature if you've forgotten your password or changed your email address.

Granite State Aviation LLC Agusta A109E Power Elite Luxury Helicopter Charter Service

Thanks again for your attention to aviation safety!

Managed by Air Carrier FTYA033E

JBI Helicopter Services

For more information please visit:

For Charter Information 603-225-3134

www.faasafety.gov 14

Aviation Weather Products — A Quiz Test your knowledge about aviation weather products. How familiar are you with aviation weather services? What information do you use for your pre-flight weather briefing? Answers to the questions in this quiz can be found in the Aeronautical Information Manual (AIM), the Pilot’s Handbook of Aeronautical Knowledge (FAA-H-8083-25A), and Aviation Weather Services (AC 00-45G). Web addresses for these various references are listed at the end of the quiz. Have fun! 1. Standard terms are used to describe turbulence and icing intensity. Which of the following statements is correct?

A. B. C. D.

Light, moderate, severe & extreme are terms used to describe icing. Trace, light, moderate & severe are terms used to describe turbulence. Moderate icing is a rate of accumulation that may create a problem if flight is prolonged in the icing environment. Moderate turbulence describes a condition where unsecured objects are dislodged and occupants feel definite strains against seat belts and shoulder straps.

2. When reading an Area Forecast (FA) you know that:

A. B. C. D.

This forecast is issued every 8 hours beginning at 0445 UTC. The contraction “WND” is included if the sustained surface wind is expected to be 25 kts or more during the majority of the 6-hour outlook period. The FA provides a 12-hour specific clouds and weather forecast, followed by a 6-hour categorical outlook giving a total forecast period of 18 hours. In the conterminous U.S., FA’s are issued for six geographic areas including the Gulf of Mexico coastal waters west of 85W.

3. Short-Range Surface Prognostic Charts, commonly called Prog Charts, are useful to view the progression of surface weather features during the next 48 hours. You know that:

A. B. C. D.

12-Hour Surface Prognostic charts are issued 4 times per day and are termed “Day 1” progs. 36- and 48- Hour Surface Progs are issued 4 times per day and are termed “Day 2” progs. Surface Prog charts are issued every six hours beginning at 0000 UTC. Answers A and C are correct.

Answers and 7 more ‘Weather Products’ questions are posted on the NEHC Website. www.nehc.org

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70 E Falmouth Hwy Ste. 3 East Falmouth, MA 02536 THE NEHC ORGANIZATION Board of Directors Paul M. Montrone Chairman Darryl Abbey Fredric Boswell Rob Finlay Chris Harrington Greg Harville Bob Jesurum Joe Miara Doug Sherman Rob Smith Christian Valle


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AgustaWestland Chris Sirkis

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Boston MedFlight Suzanne Wedel

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NEHC Spring 2012 Newsletter  

NEHC Spring 2012 Newsletter

NEHC Spring 2012 Newsletter  

NEHC Spring 2012 Newsletter

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