Model of Teaching: ADVANCE ORGANIZER
Standards: Date: Grade 4 IB (International Baccaleaureate) PYP (Primary Years Program) An inquiry into the ways in which we discover and express ideas, feelings, nature, culture, beliefs and values; the ways in which we reflect on, extend and enjoy our creativity; our appreciation of the aesthetic. **Central idea: How we express ourselves: Imagination is a powerful tool to extend our ability to think, create, and solve problems. Social studies Scope & Sequence: -Learners will multiple sources and present multiple perspectives -Learners will deepen their awareness of how people influence, and are influenced by, places in the environment. -Learners will understand the impact of technological advances on their own lives, on society, and on the world, and will reflect on the need to make responsible decisions concerning the use of technologies. Language Objective: Arts Scope & Sequence Using theirknow imagination and everyday items (resources), students willimagined, apply creative andthere is a -Learners that reading is extending their world, both real and and that critical thinking (TS) tobetween a projectthe (product) reciprocal relationship two. in which they create an unconventional function for a familiar object (content). -Learners demonstrate an understanding of story structure and are able to make critical judgments about their writing and the writing of others. Syntax
Motivation State the Objective
Script Before viewing the article: T: What are the functions and limitations of a car? T: Are there certain travel situations that are not well-suited for a car? T: Do you think it will ever be possible for a car to travel in the air or sea? After viewing: T: Do you think it is possible for this invention to become available to consumers?
Students are presented with this article about Sandra N. Kaplan, USC
T: What is the role of imagination in this innovation? 35
an invention: a prototype for an amphibious car. (click to link to article) Objective: Using their imagination and
T: Can you imagine some extraordinary functions for another everyday object?
everyday items (resources), students will apply creative and critical thinking (TS) to a project (product) in which they create an unconventional function for a familiar object (content). Introduce the Advance Organizer
We can use our imagination to approach everyday items and problems from a different perspective. Read aloud: Not a Box
T: What do you think the character is imagining? T: Why would the character choose to imagine other functions for a box? T: Can you think of some other creative ways to envision this box?
The character of the story insists that the item he is playing with is not a box. The illustrations show the character imagining the box as a fire truck, race car, hot air balloon, etc. Practice with the Advance Organizer
Students and teacher sit in a circle on the floor. Use a classroom eraser to take turns miming and completing the following sentence frame: “This is not an eraser. This is a _____.”
S: This is not an eraser. It’s a telephone. S: This is not an eraser. It’s a hockey stick. S: This is not an eraser. It’s a ham sandwich. S: This is not an eraser. It’s a hat.
Apply the Advance Organizer
Sandra N. Kaplan, USC
Choose an object from the recycled materials. Design an innovative new name and function for the item. Include a report to explain your process.
This is not a cup. Itâ€™s a walky-talky.
Share & Summarize
This is not an egg carton. Itâ€™s a classroom pencil holder.
Students will present and display their innovations and reports. Students will ask and respond to questions about their ideas and product.
S: How did you come up with that idea?
Integration & Small Group Guided Discussions Reconciliation - Using prompts, students will engage in conversations about imagination as a tool.
T: What are some of the ways which we can foster our imagination?
S: How can this item be used in the real world?
T: How can people achieve success by using imagination? T: What would the world be like without imagination?
Sandra N. Kaplan, USC