Volume 1, Issue 1
Newsletter Date 24 September 2011
Health for All Self published Weekly Newsletter by Dr Neha Garg
World Heart Day on 29 September 2011
Highlights World heart day World rabies day WHO targets non communicable diseases Shortfall of Health workers for India International Spread of Wild polio virus from Pakistan Physical Inactivity :leading risk factor of Global mortality.
Heart disease and stroke claims 17.1 million lives worldwide every year. World Heart Day was devised by the World Heart Federation to help people realise that the majority of these deaths could be avoided.
eration is urging us to become proactive about reducing heart disease and stroke. From individuals, right through to employers, health care professionals and governments, no one is exempt from the message.
This year is the eleventh year of the event and the theme this year is One World, One Home, One Heart.
Most common steps towards a healthier heart are - eat five portions of fruit and vegetables, avoid saturated fats and processed foods. Seems simple right?
The World Heart Fed-
Other steps include sen-
sible alcohol intake, avoiding tobacco, exercising for 30 minutes a day and avoiding stressful situations as much as possible.
World Rabies Day on 28 September 2011 More than 55,000 human deaths occur annually as a result of infection with rabies virus. The first World Rabies Day event was held on
September 28, 2007, and has been held annually since then. The Global Alliance for Rabies Control is the World Rabies Day founder. The mission of
World Rabies Day is to educate people about human and animal rabies, primarily the impact, prevention, and control of the disease.
Health for All
Rabies virus is found in most countries around the world. There are a few isolated geographic areas that are rabiesfree. Although humans can contract the virus from bats or other terrestrial mammals that are infected with rabies, greater than 90% of rabies cases in humans are from contact with infected dogs. Rabid dogs are the source of 99% of human rabies deaths. According to the World Health Organization (WHO),
greater than 95% of human deaths from rabies virus infection occur in Asia and Africa. More than 55,000 people die from rabies annually, primarily in Asia and Africa.40% of children aged 5–14 years in Africa and Asia receive post-exposure prophylaxis for rabies. Rabies vaccination and control of the dog population in underdeveloped countries could have a significant impact on this viral infection. Education of children and adults
about the virus and how to act around dogs to avoid bites could have an impact as well. Empowering people by giving them the knowledge and the tools to educate others about the issue can make a difference.
WHO targets non-communicable 'lifestyle' diseases "Lifestyle-related" diseases are now the leading cause of death worldwide.
World leaders have pledged to take wide-ranging action to prevent millions of deaths from cancer, diabetes, and heart and lung disease by tackling the key causes — smoking, excessive drinking, lack of exercise and unhealthy diets dominated by fast food. But the 13-page political declaration approved at the
first-ever General Assembly meeting on chronic diseases which ended Tuesday left unanswered the question of coordinating an international response to what the leaders called ―a challenge of epidemic proportions.‖ The declaration notes ―with profound concern‖ that according to the World Health Organization, an estimated
36 million of the 57 million global deaths in 2008 were due principally to cancer, diabetes and heart and lung diseases — including about 9 million men and women below the age of 60. WHO said 80 percent of these deaths were in developing countries.
India has shortfall of 2.6 million health workers
Prevention is better than cure
21sep11. India, which holds the dubious distinction of the highest death rate for children under five and the highest maternal deaths in the world, also has a shortfall of 2.6 million health workers, a report said on Tuesday. The report by Save the Chil-
dren India said that at 900,000 a year, India has the largest number of newborn deaths and is among five countries that account for more than half of the world’s 3.3 million newborn deaths. The others are Nigeria, Pakistan, China and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
A majority of these deaths, as well as the maternal and child deaths, are preventable, and occur in just seven states—Bihar, Jharkhand, Madhya Pradesh, Orissa, Rajasthan, Uttar Pradesh and Uttarakhand—which are also the states with the fewest healthcare workers, the report said. (HT media)
Volume 1, Issue 1
Confirmed International Spread of Wild Polio virus from Pakistan 20 September2011,GAR. Wild Polio Virus type 1 (WPV1) genetically linked to virus currently circulating in Pakistan has been isolated in China. Pakistan is affected by nationwide transmission of WPV1, and is the location of the only wild poliovirus type 3 (WPV3) case in Asia in 2011 (a strain on the verge of elimination on the continent). As at 13 September 2011, Pakistan had reported 84 cases, compared to 48
cases for the same period in 2010. In 2011, supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) in Pakistan have been inadequate in quality in key high-risk areas. In securitycompromised parts of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA), and in particular in Khyber agency, upwards of 200,000 children have been regularly missed during SIAs conducted during the last two years. At the same time, undetected circu-
with full community participation to increase access to populations in security-compromised areas. It is important that countries across Asia and the Eastern Mediterranean strengthen disease surveillance for acute flaccid paralysis (AFP), in order to rapidly detect any poliovirus importations and facilitate a rapid response should importation occur. Countries should also continue to boost routine immunization coverage against all strains of polio to minimize the consequences of any introduction. As per recommendations outlined in WHO's Inter-
national travel and health, travellers to and from Pakistan should be fully protected by vaccination. Travellers to Pakistan who have in the past received three or more doses of OPV should be offered another dose of polio vaccine before departure. Any unimmunized individuals intending to travel to Pakistan should complete a full course of vaccination. Travellers from Pakistan should have a full course of vaccination against polio before leaving Pakistan, with a minimum one dose of OPV before departure. Some polio-free countries may also
lation cannot be ruled out due to persistent subnational surveillance gaps. World Health Organization (WHO) rates as 'high' the risk of further international spread of WPV from Pakistan, particularly given the expected large-scale population movements associated with Umrah and the upcoming Hajj (pilgrimage to Mecca) in the coming months. To urgently address the widespread transmission of wild poliovirus affecting the country, the Government of Pakistan has this year launched a National Polio Emergency Action Plan. To rapidly build up population immunity levels to both serotypes, staggered subnational immunization days are planned for 19-21 September, to be closely followed by further activities in high-risk union councils in 54 districts of the country. However, key to success will be to overcome remaining operational challenges in fullyaccessible areas and implemented special outreach strategies require travellers from Pakistan to be immunized against polio in order to obtain an entry visa. With Hajj and Umrah season already started, the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia has issued vaccination requirements for travellers (all ages) for Umrah and Hajj. These requirements are in line with recommendations outlined in WHO's International travel and health, with the addition that travellers of all ages from polio endemic countries are required to show proof of vaccination with OPV six weeks before travel to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, and will receive a further dose of OPV upon their arrival.
Physical Inactivity : leading risk factor for global mortality Physical inactivity is the fourth leading risk factor for global mortality. Globally, six percent of deaths are attributed to physical inactivity. This follows high blood pressure (13%), tobacco use (9%) and is equal to high blood glucose (6%). Moreover, physical inactivity is the main cause for approximately 21â€“ 25% of breast and colon cancers, 27% of diabetes and 30% of ischaemic heart disease burden. Regular physical activity helps to maintain a healthy body. Physically active persons: have lower rates of: coronary heart disease, high blood pres-
sure, stroke, diabetes, colon and breast cancer, and depression; have a lower risk of falling and of hip or vertebral fractures; are more likely to maintain their weight. Physical activity should not be mistaken for sport. Physical activity is any bodily movement produced by the skeletal muscles that uses energy. This includes sports, exercise and other activities such as playing, walking, doing household chores, gardening, and dancing. Both moderate and vigorous intensity physical activity bring health benefits .Intensity refers to the rate at which the activity is
being performed. It can be thought of as "how hard a person works to do the activity". The intensity of different forms of physical activity varies between people. Depending on an individual's relative level of fitness, examples of moderate physical activity could include: brisk walking, dancing or household chores. Examples of vigorous physical activity could be: running, fast cycling, fast swimming or moving heavy loads. Doing some physical activity is better than doing none Inactive people should start with small amounts of physical activity and gradually increase duration, frequency and intensity over time. Inactive adults, older adults and those with disease limitations will have added health benefits when they become more active .
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This newsletter is self published by Dr Neha Garg .She is a highly motivated Homoeopath with an active interest in the field of public health nutrition and holistic wellness. It's important to keep up with the medical news that affects your health and wellbeing. HFA puts you in closer touch with everything thatâ€™s happening right now in the ever changing field of medicine. New prevention strategies, New diagnostic techniques, New medications and treatments. HFA covers a range of important health topics â€“ nutrition, exercise, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, vision, memory, hearing, vitamins and supplements, managing your health care, the list goes on and on .With alarming rates of diseases across the world , spreading awareness, happens to be the most effective strategy against them. Make the HFA , part of your good health strategy. Subscribe today .So with a kind heart and good faith lets join hands in spreading the word .Have a Happy and Healthy Life. Achieving good health for all is a shared responsibility .