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S AVA N N A H C O N S E R VAT O R Y O F M U S I C

Architecture Design Studio V-VI Professor Algar Thagne Winter-Spring 2012

contents genius loci 18x30 in acrylic, paper, graphite on plexiglass 2013

project summary site analysis idea development solution life safety , egress, and accessibility appendix

4 8 22 42 64 68

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project summary

Peter Shannon, artistic director and conductor of the Savannah Philharmonic Symphony


Designed for the Savannah Philharmonic Symphony, The Savannah Conservatory of Music is a new center for music education and performance experience unlike Savannah has ever had before. The center exists as a landmark destination for the city and will provide a variety of performance facilities for the Savannah Philharmonic Symphony and other community or visiting groups.

A theatre hosts live performance; unlike a cinema or auditorium, it is not meant only for presentation. It’s a space where audience and performers exchange dialogue, attention, and energy. A successful theatre supports and enhances this exchange.

• • •

the building is a place for learning, performing, and community gathering the audience must feel closely linked with the performers and each other the audience should be clustered around the performers, within limits of good sighnlines and acoustical waves the auditorium should be scaled to sustain, support, and enhance the performance the architecture should encourage a sense of excitement, playfulness, and desire

A concert or recital hall are theatres for the performance of music. Acoustical requirements shape the volume and form of the theatre so that no amplification is required. Characteristic of this theatre type is that performers and audience share the same space- there is no architectural separation between stage and auditorium. In today’s modern age, live music performances are extraordinarily varied and aren’t used exclusively for acoustic or orchestral music. A new hall should allow flexibility for adaptable uses such as dance, amplified music, alternative music performance, multi-media performance, and small theatre.

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Case Study: Young Center for Performing Arts The Distillary District, Toronto, Ontario 44,000 sqf $10.0 million completed 2006 parti diagram

diagrams of programmatic use:

plans

Situated in a relatively new arts and culture district, the Young Center for Performing Arts utilizes the historic fabric of the old Gooderham and Worts Distillary as the backdrop for theatre, music, and learning. The overall design is characterized by a raw industrial feel, with preserved features of the historic structure, and the addition of heavy Douglas Fir timber beams and steel to respect the nature of the site. By adaptively re-using tank houses 9 and 10, the signature 2-story lobby space is created by enclosing the space between the two brick stuctures, and creates a public gatherering space for chance encounters between patrons, visitors, students, and actors.

section

The Young Center contains four theaters in addition to studios, rehersal, classroom, reference library, atrium cafe, and office spaces. All theatre spaces are designed to be reconfigurable and flexible performance spaces. The Marilyn and Charles Baillie Theatre, Michael Young Theatre, Tank House Black Box Theatre, and Kevin and Roger Garland Cabaret Theatre seat 315, 207, 75, and 90 people, respectively.

Marilyn and Charles Baillie Theatre 6


Boston Symphony Hall, Boston MA

Woodruff Symphony Hall, Atlants GA

Brevard Music Center, Brevard NC

theatre visits 7


view of site from Morrell Park

site analysis Savannah, Georgia


three at grade entry levels

Savannah’s history of shipping

ballast stones

key points of interest

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views from procession down Houston Street

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aireal view of site

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12

Founder of Savannah, James Edward Ogelthorpe


parti of Savannah

Savannah’s acclaimed urban design plan conceived by General James Ogelthorpe when he laid out the city in 1733 is revered and imitated all over the world. Each ward unit is focused around a central public square, and the system can be easily repeated and expanded with growth. Over time, the function of Savannah’s squares have changed from pragmatic uses such as farming and military gathering and training places to spaces meant for leisure, enjoyment, and memorialization. At times, the rigid grid of Savannah is unnoticed due to the widespread growth of the Live Oak trees native to the area, some of which are more than 100 years old. The squares serve to break up the repetition of the grid. This overpowering insertion of nature within the Ogelthorpe’s plan provide an interesting juxtaposition between the measured and the organic. The Savannah River’s history of shipping is another point of interest. While modes of transport have changed drastically over time, the purpose remains essentially the same. Savannah imports goods and products from all over the world, much of which is wasteful and unnecessary.

Savannah Map

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Performance venues & galleries

Educational Buildings

SCAD facilities

Public Transport

Major vehicle routes

aerial14view of Savannah, highlighting squares and River Street


81

34

site analysis, plan, and sections

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The original intent for the creation of the site model was to form a paper impression of the topography from a mold. In reality, the results of the paper mold were unsatisfactory and the more interesting part of the process became the waffle mold used to form the paper and allow water to drain as the paper dried. This unexpected resulted yielded a new idea that was much better than the originally intended. By further exploring possibilities with the waffle mold, a new discovery was made by shaping and inserting cut blocks into the mold. This solution more successfully illustrates the grided nature of Savannah, and the adaptability of the grid to accommodate new features.

paper pulp site impression 16

waffle mold of site


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18 site model


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PRIMARY main auditorium stage black box/experimental media theatre lobby lounge/bar amphitheatre/ music playground (outdoor)

3000 sq ft 1000 sq ft 1050 sq ft 400 sq ft 1050 sq ft -

SECONDARY back of house pit individual rehersal rm. group rehersal rm. ensamble rehersal public restrooms box office offices: director, manager, stage manager library of records

1050 sq ft 180 sq ft 35 sq ft 70 sq ft 1000 sq ft 300 sq ft 150 sq ft 35 sq ft 120 sq ft

SUPPORT lots of storage lockers/instrument storage break room/kitchenette conference room classrooms bar/kitchen private restrooms/dressing room mechanical rooms hydraulic lifts seat wagon storage catwalk, fly, lighing systems projection room sound booth

120 sq ft 120 sq ft 200 sq ft 150 sq ft 20 sq ft 1000 sq ft 70 sq ft 35 sq ft

CIRCULATION elevator loading dock public theatre access accessable theatre access backstage theatre access exterior egress stairway public staircase fly/lighting access

program breakdown and sizing 20

amphitheater/lawn

black box

vineyard/surround hall for concerts

amphitheatre/lawn

black box

-

end stage with pit for theatre

amphitheatre/lawn

black box end stage for recital

adjacency diagram

a variety of stage configurations were explored


concept sketch

footprint sizing diagrams

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idea development

conceptual models


conceptual models

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conceptual models 24


early sketch

Through the intuitive acts of making, many ideas emerged and the strongest was chosen to refine into an architecture. The first gesture made was to provide a public staircase through the building linking all three levels of the site and downtown Savannah with River street. It was importaint to maintain the historic character of river street in massing and materiality. The theatre, in contrast, would be a place of surprise, delight, and intrique. These ideas would become the driving rules and constraints for the duration of the project

early sketches

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cross section of a ship hull

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early sketches

early program sketch

interpretation of ballast stones


early theatre configurations

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aerial 28 view with massing

prospect, procession, threshold


early section sketch

building massing model

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30

River Street perspective view


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“ Who

as a spectator would like to step out of his asylum...

into a swimming pool, through the church via the rubbish dump

i n t o t h e s p a c e s t a t i o n? N o o n e , w e j u s t w a n t t o g o t o t h e t h e a t e r. And there we have it all...

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midterm section perspective

�

-Jorg Friedrich


theatre detail

exploded section perspective

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river street elevation

site plan 34

river street ramp section

south elevation


west elevation

north elevation

east elevation

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7

36

15

10 13 20 3

11

19

21 19

14 12

16

16

17

factors walk level

7

18

7 29

17

29 17

26 18

28 27

22

30

24 25 23 7

river street level

18

midterm plans 36

10

25

50


covered entry passage box office lobby womens restroom mens restroom balcony seating elevator black box theatre sound booth public staircase instument storage musician entry ensamble practice room small group practice room individual practice room dressing room bathroom backstage house seating gallery seating stage hydraulic pit lift mechanical/storage mechanical offices library break room/kitchenette storage classroom amphitheatre stage lounge bar patio manager’s office backstage/storage director’s office

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36

33

6

17 31

32

public space

17

support theatre mechanical high usage

lounge level

7

10 9 8

6

2

35

3

34

3 1

emmet park level

4

5

7

5 4

37


section model 38


section model 39


cutaway drawing

design development 40


early exploded axonometric

rhino screenshots 41


Solution


concrete roof perforated copper screen

concrete shear walls

polished steel cladding

rib and purlin structure

acoustical drapery

cast concrete theatre seating bridge to Emmett Park floor slabs bearing wall music school

perforated copper screen public staircase to River St.

ordering principles

exploded axonometric illustrating tectonics of structure

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SAVAN NAH R I V ER

waving girl statue

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M O R R E L L PA R K

5 public access staircase

3

OLDE HARBOR INN

RIVER ST REET

4 amphitheatre lawn and public art

2 employee parking drop off drive

FAC T ORS WAL K

loading zone

OLD GA POWER BLDG

E M M E T T PA R K

REET RIVER ST RAMP TO

main entry access

B AY S T R E E T

public parking garage

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20 building north

60

THE MULBERRY INN

140

EAST BROAD STREET

HOUSTON STREET

1

TRUSTEE'S GARDEN

1


2

3 prospect, procession, and threshold perspective views

4

5

6 45


46 section model

paper forming process


47


10

south elevation

48

west elevation

10

25

50

25

50

south elevation


east elevation

49


section perspective


details

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52


53


test perspective

theatre perspective 54


theatre detail section A

lounge and bar

wall section detail A (see page 62)

black box theatre/event space

mezzanine lobby

choir gallery seating

orchestra lobby

stage level

back of house

lift pit and backstage

E M M E T T PA R K classroom, library, and offices

FAC TO R S WALK ensemble, group, and individual practice rooms

the music school, section B 10 25 50

RIVER STREET

the entryway, section C

wall section detail B (see page 62) the theatre, section D

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B

C D

river street

8

9

5

3 22

4

A

13

15

2 17 14

11

20

6

7

A 14

12

1 18

10

B

16 19

21 C 17 D

10

River Streen Plan 56

25

50

20

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22

amphitheatre stage public stairway school entry foyer lockers and instrument storage ensemble practice room group practice rooms mechanical closet individual practice rooms public access elevator water closet green room mens dressing rooms womens dressing rooms storage electric closet warm up room HVAC closet lift pit backstage storage/archive elevator foyer gabion wall


B

C D

6 2

A

7 8

4

3

19

16

18

14 1

5

9

10

8 17 B

11

19

13

C factors w

alk

D

factors walk plan

A

12

15

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19

director and faculty offices classroom conference room/library womens restroom mens restroom lower level lobby electrical/mechanical closet theatre entryway sound booth stage acoustical panels lift backstage factors walk entry employee parking orchestra seating side orchestra seating gallery seating accessible seating

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B

C 8

3

D

7 17

17

11 6

10

9

4

12

A

14

5

2

16

A

13 10

B

1

15

C

D

emmett p

58

emmett park plan

ark

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17

main entry bridge crosswalk balcony box office mechanical/storage black box theatre/ event space/ rehearsal room theatre and lounge entryway public elevator theatre lobby theatre entryway mechanical closet side mezzanine seating mezzanine seating choir gallery seating accessible seating managers office fire stairway


B

6

10 9 8

4 11

7 3

2

1

5

B

4th floor plan

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11

lounge entryway bar seating area bar storage mechanical closet balcony womens restroom mens restroom storage closet public elevator fire stairway

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60

keyshot renderings


theatre section detail

61


detail C

roof: water barrier and flashing, concrete over metal decking, sloped open steel web joists on bearing concrete walls, steel angle at edge, screen clip attachment, blocking for curtain wall

curtain wall: perforated copper screen with clip in system attached to horizontal window mullions, aluminium mullion and glazing system

exterior stair: stone veneer attached to cast concrete stair with rebar reinforcing and thickened edge, brick veneer and railing with parapet cap, copper drainage gutter with flashing, embedded LED lighting

curved beam fabricated from welded steel sheet

welded flexible corrugated metal sheeting

detail D

3rd floor: 3” polished concrete over metal decking, C-channel and open steel web joists spanning concrete bearing walls, drop ceiling

masonry bearing wall: CMU wall with reinforced concrete core, weatherproofed exterior, 2x4” insulated stud wall with gypsum

gabion wall: loose ballast stone infill, metal cage welded to steel square tube frame

polished stainless steel cladding with folded connection joints

angled 3/4” steel bearing plate with leveling bolts and grout infill

1.5’ cast concrete bearing wall with rebar

foundation: 6” concrete slab over moisture barrier, spread footing with rebar reinforcing

wall section details 62

.5

1.5

3

.5

1.5

3


sheet metal cap fastener continuous cant strip weatherproofing membrane metal screen clip 3� concrete slab sloped metal decking steel angle blocking

acoustical fabric drapery

aluminum window mullion perforated copper screen glazing open steel web joist glazing

detail C glazing perforated copper screen continuous flashing

polished stainless steel

aluminium mullion metal screen clip finishing strip polished concrete floor metal decking blocking anchor bolt metal gutter drip edge

transclucent copper screen

reinforced cast concrete slab steel C-channel wood blocking concrete reinforced CMU block moisture barrier drop ceiling gabian wall ballast stones insulation

detail D connection details

.5

1.5

3

gypsum

cast concrete 63


fan unit

vertical chase plan

plumbing wall

systems and code

vertical chase

fan unit

section

cooling tower chimney

boiler fan unit

HVAC supply ducts HVAC return ducts

HVAC systems

water closet

plumbing system


absorbant material

diffusive fire-retardant acoustical drapery

reflective material

diffusive wall panels around stage portable two-sided absorbent/diffusive acoustic pillars

acoustics strategy

possible customized acoustic configurations

portable rotating acoustic devices 65


theatre occupancy: 460 persons accessible seating: 6 seats in 4 locations number of accessible toilet stalls: 2 maximum allowable egress distance: 100 ft maximum actual egress distance: 96’ ft number of exits per room: at least 2

45’

58’

A means of egress must provide: • A continuous and unobstructed path of exit travel from any occupied point in a building to a public way, which is a space such as a street or alley, permanently dedicated for public use. • A direction of flow to every means of egress, leading from an occupied space to a final safe outside area, away from any hazard or emergency in the building. • Exit must remain same size or get larger as the building occupants proceed downstream from areas of lesser safety to areas of greater safety and ultimately out of the building through the exit discharge. • At least two different egress paths should lead from the interior of a building to the outside at ground level.

70’ 56’ 75’

87’

96’

86’ 47’ 80’

78’ exits to safety elevators 66

stairs


67


appendix


floor area cost analysis

division name

%

sq. cost

projected

general requirements 0.333 6.01 166260.64 concrete 2.41 4.36 120615.1 metals 14.35 3.64 100696.96 thermal and moisture protections 2.16 22.29 616630.56 openings 1.4 3.91 108166.24 finishes 31.25 2.53 69989.92 specialties 3.06 56.47 1562186.08 equipment 1.71 5.52 152705.28 furnishings 8.68 3.08 85205.12 conveying systems 2.06 15.68 433771.52 fire suppression 2.34 3.72 102910.08 plumbing 1.79 4.22 116742.08 HVAC 5.41 3.24 89631.36 electrical 18.51 33.46 925637.44 communications 1.55 2.8 77459.2 Total building costs 100 180.71 $4,728,607.58 building sq ft: 27664 cost per sq ft: $171 69


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72


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final board 74


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Savannah Conservatory of Music, Savannah, Georgia, USA  

Architecture Studio V-VI at the Savannah College of Art and Design, winter-spring 2013. A landmark home for the Savannah Philharmonic Sympho...

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