Page 1

Annual Report 2018 2018 Annual Report |


Ken Anderson presenting at the 2019 IPPE TECHTalks

Prestage Department of Poultry Science

























NC State University promotes equal opportunity and prohibits discrimination and harassment based upon one’s age, color, disability, gender identity, genetic information, national origin, race, religion, sex (including pregnancy), sexual orientation and veteran status.

2 | 2018 Annual Report

Poultry science departments are commodity departments housed in land-grant universities. Since 1862, land-grant universities have served a unique function with commodity department faculty contributing knowledge. Commodity departments concentrate on a central application with each faculty member contributing to overall application goals. Commodity departments led the way with multidisciplinary programs well before multidisciplinarity became popular and expected. Responding to the realities of industry and the need for trained and educated agricultural leaders, commodity departments pursued research and application collaboratively to have the broadest possible impact. The Prestage Department of Poultry Science (PDPS) is one of six departments of poultry science in the United States. Embracing the challenge of being responsive to industry needs while leading the industry through cutting-edge scientific research, the department is creating a vision for immediate, short-term and long-term programs that support education and industry at local, state, national and international levels. Poultry science departments historically differentiated themselves through disciplinary focus: physiology, reproduction, nutrition or disease research, for example. The resulting specialization may offer opportunities to support industry unaddressed by current faculty. PDPS intends to fully commit to its multidisciplinary roots with integrated poultry systems for broilers, layers and turkeys and other markets. The Prestage Department of Poultry Science works to support industry needs through foundational and applied research, developing a well-trained workforce and engaging with industry members and the public via outreach and extension. This annual report illustrates the importance of poultry and the department’s operations, accomplishments and changes to demonstrate the value PDPS adds to NC State, the state of North Carolina and the national and international poultry industry.

Why Poultry Science? 2018 Annual Report |


Turkeys were the

Chicken eggs were the

No. 3

No. 7

agricultural commodity in N.C. 4 | 2018 Annual Report

agricultural commodity in N.C.

Food animal products accounted for more than 2/3 of 2017 agricultural receipts in North Carolina.

$4.7+ Billion N.C. cash receipts from broilers, turkeys and eggs

Broilers – chickens raised for meat – were the most important agricultural commodity in North Carolina in 2017. Broilers, turkeys and chicken eggs made up more than 40% of the state’s 2017 farm income.

N.C. Poultry Livestock & Dairy Poultry

26% 25%



Poultry was


2018 North Carolina Agricultural Statistics

of N.C.’s 2017 farm receipts.

No. 1 Commodity Broilers were North Carolina’s top agricultural commodity based on farm income. 2018 Annual Report |


Poultry products were the primary food animal products in 2017 in the U.S. (USDAEconomic Research Service). The USDA predicts that poultry will dominate food animal production through 2020.

U.S. Poultry

As demand for poultry increases, the industry must solve multiple challenges: sustainability concerns (including environmentally-sound approaches to animal waste management), consumer emphasis on animal welfare and alternative production systems (antibiotic-free, cagefree, free-range and organic poultry and eggs), avian diseases and trade barriers. North Carolina was no. 3 for broilers in the U.S., no. 1 for turkeys and no. 3 for farm chickens (non-broiler chickens sold for slaughter) (USDA-ERS).

N.C. is

No. 2 $42.5+ Billion U.S. cash receipts from poultry and eggs 6 | 2018 Annual Report

for poultry in the U.S.

2018 Annual Report |


77 International presentations in 2018 8 | 2018 Annual Report




Poultry meat is popular around the globe, with consumption highest in China and the European Union. The U.S. leads the world in chicken meat production (USDA-FAS) and is no. 2 in chicken meat exports behind Brazil. To help the poultry industry meet increasing world-wide demand for poultry, PDPS faculty and staff are active around the globe. International activities include service on regulatory and advisory boards, invited talks, workshops, courses and guest lectures and presentations. PDPS made an impact in over a dozen countries in 2018 and early 2019.

Global Impacts

The U.S. is

No. 1 globally for chicken meat production. USDA Foreign Agricultural Service 2018 Annual Report |


of production that expands animal populations to meet industry needs.

The Poultry Industry To address the grand challenges facing poultry producers, poultry science departments must be positioned to address all stages of poultry production. The major stages are summarized below.

Poultry production starts with intensive genetic line selection for improved egg quality and live performance. Selected animals provide Primary Genetics for breeding parents. Breeding parent animals produce healthy offspring efficiently. Breeder Management is a critical stage 10 | 2018 Annual Report

Incubation and Hatchery Management must scale to meet industry needs and requires unique infrastructure and expertise. Universities have the opportunity to address the incubation and hatchery management segment of the poultry industry. Industry has reached out to PDPS, interested in an incubation learning center to benefit PDPS students and industry overall. Growout/Production is a common way to think about poultry production. This is when birds are raised to market maturity. Feed Milling supports growout/ production by formulating and producing high-quality poultry feeds. The NC State feed mill program leads innovation in feed formulation, production and feed mill technology.

NC State has focused on growout/ production because it involves the largest number of birds, impacts a larger number of producers and provides opportunities to study disease and production. Live birds and eggs go through Processing – preparing carcasses and pieces – and/or Further Processing – adding breading, seasoning or other preparations – before consumers buy them. Producers recover initial feed and production costs during processing. Universities have the opportunity to fill a current gap in the processing segment of the poultry industry. Processing impacts food safety and quality because handling and storage affect product quality and susceptibility to food-borne pathogens. Waste Management helps ensure food production sustainability while also considering environmental impacts from every stage of poultry production.




Eleven broiler companies have North Carolina

Four turkey companies have corporate offices

Many integrated egg companies have North

locations and most have members on the

in North Carolina and members on the North

Carolina locations: four have corporate offices

North Carolina Poultry Federation Industry

Carolina Poultry Federation Industry Advisory

in North Carolina and most have membership

Advisory Board. PDPS partners with these


in the NC Egg Association.

support of stakeholders, partners and alumni

The Talley Turkey Education Unit supports the

The department has a search underway to fill

who influence the global poultry industry.

turkey industry with a variety of buildings and

the Braswell Family Endowed Professorship.

spaces for research across a turkey’s lifespan.

The position will focus on supporting the egg

in-state (and out-of-state) operations with the

PDPS has identified key expansion areas to

industry in and beyond North Carolina.

support industry: Extension broiler/breeder, hatchery and incubation, animal welfare, feed extrusion, youth programs, and processing and meat science.

Broilers contributed

Turkeys contributed

Chicken eggs contributed

$3.5+ Billion

$739 Million

$460 Million

to N.C. in 2017.

to N.C. in 2017.

to N.C. in 2017.

2018 Annual Report |


With a FY2018 operating budget of $2.6 million, PDPS supported research, academics and Extension activities. The operating budget was more than matched by external funds for an overall return on investment of 130%. 14.5% Extension

19% Academics


Operating Budget Divisions

66% Research

In FY2018, PDPS generated over $5.7 million from Testing Service Agreements, farm, feed mill, waste management, research and Extension receipts, interest, and new and continuing grants.

8% continuing grants

12 | 2018 Annual Report

15.5% new grants

15.75% gifts & interest

23.66% TSAs

37% receipts

2018 Annual Report |


HIRES Sam Brown Research Technician, Feed Mill Education Unit Sam Brown earned his B.S. in Poultry Science with a minor in Feed Milling. He is the lead Research Technician at the Feed Mill Education Unit, with responsibilities for feed manufacturing, quality assurance, preventive maintenance and housekeeping. He works closely with student employees, assisting with training and directing daily activities.

New Additions

Mary Fosnaught Extension Associate, 4-H & Youth Development Dr. Mary Fosnaught earned her bachelor’s degree in Poultry Science from The Ohio State University, a master’s from University of Maryland Eastern Shore and a Ph.D. from NC State. Her program includes a variety of new and expanded events.

Michael Joseph Asst. Professor & Extension Specialist, Animal Food Extrusion and Value Added Dr. Michael Joseph earned his Ph.D. from Kansas State University in 2016. He has more than a decade of experience in various technical aspects of food processing using extrusion and other methods. He is establishing a program at NC State that focuses on value addition of by-products from plant and animal industry primarily using extrusion technology. 14 | 2018 Annual Report


Natasha Dillon

Research Project Coordinator, Animal Food and Nutrition Consortium (AFNC)

Graduate Services Coordinator and Academic Advisor, Physiology and PS Graduate Programs

Dr. Adam Redhead earned his B.Sc. in Biology and Natural Resources Management, M.Phil. in Soil Sciences at the University of the West Indies, St. Augustine Campus and a Ph.D. in Animal and Food Sciences from West Virginia University (WVU).

Natasha Dillon earned a B.S. in Psychology and an M.E. in Counselor Education. She transitioned from the graduate services coordinator for both the Physiology and Poultry Science Graduate Programs to taking on the additional role of Academic Advisor for both the Physiology and Poultry Science Graduate Programs.

Rhea Hebert Instructional and Media Designer

Prafulla Regmi Asst. Professor, Animal Welfare Dr. Prafulla Regmi earned his B.V.Sc. and A.H. in Veterinary Medicine in Nepal in 2010 and his Ph.D. in Animal Science in 2015. He focuses on understanding and alleviating welfare concerns in commercial poultry using on-farm and laboratory methods.

Rhea Hebert earned her B.A. and M.A. in English and her M.S. in Library Science. She transitioned from a temporary to permanent position supporting instructional design and communications for PDPS and Extension.

Joseph Stuckey Research Operations Manager, Animal & Poultry Waste Processing Facility Joseph Stuckey earned his B.S. in Agricultural Environmental Technologies. He maintains a clean, safe lab and metal fabrication shop and manages, operates and optimizes poultry composting operation and supervises research and testing.

Lynn Worley-Davis Asst. Teaching Professor Dr. Lynn Worley-Davis coordinates undergraduate programs for PDPS and the Agricultural Institute’s Livestock and Poultry Management program. She teaches introductory courses in both programs, as well as a capstone course in the bachelor’s program. She serves as an advisor to 100+ students and is co-advisor to the Poultry Science Club and the Young Farmer Rancher Club. 2018 Annual Report |


4.1 Years Average time to degree completion for undergrads 16 | 2018 Annual Report

The Prestage Department of Poultry Science supports 2-year and 4-year undergraduate degrees and graduate degrees at the masters and doctoral levels. PDPS already meets the NC State 120-credit-hour requirement and offers students unique learning opportunities in and out of the classroom. In AY 2018-19, PDPS offered flexibility through online course options: just under 35% of PO and PO cross-listed enrollment came from distance education (DE). PDPS’s support of other departments and interdisciplinary programs is reflected by the number of cross-listed and non-poultry courses taught by department faculty.



Graduation and Job Placement Rates 2018 Annual Report |














Animal Science (ANS)*




Feed Milling (FM)*




Nutrition (NTR)*




Physiology (PHY)*




Biotechnology (BIT)




Feed Milling (FM)




Physiology (PHY)




Total (non-PO)




Poultry Science (PO) Cross-listed (PO+) Total (PO and PO+)

*Cross-listed prefix (this data is broken out from the Cross-listed (PO+) row above) 18 | 2018 Annual Report


Enrollment in NonPO Courses Taught by PO Faculty


Enrollment in PO Courses Under Non-PO Prefix 2018 Annual Report |


Undergraduate Programs PDPS supports 2-year degrees through the Ag Institute and offers 4-year-degree students two concentration options: Technology and Science. Ag Institute graduates earn an Associate of Applied Science. 4-year students earn a Bachelor of Science. Undergraduate students have two PO minor options: Poultry Science and Feed Milling. The U.S. Poultry & Egg Association (USPoultry) supported recruitment with a gift of over $30K for AY18-19.

Degrees Awarde


B.S. in Poultry Science Degrees


Feed Milling Minors 20 | 2018 Annual Report


Poultry Science Minors


AAS in Livestock and Poultry Management Degrees

Graduate Programs PDPS offers four graduate degrees. Students can choose a thesis (M.S.) or non-thesis (MOP) option, complete a Professional Science Master degree or pursue their Ph.D. Advanced undergraduates are eligible for the Accelerated Baccalaureate program. In addition to their degree, students can complete a Graduate Certificate in Feed Science.

ed in AY2018-19



Ph.D. in Poultry Science Degrees

M.S. in Poultry Science Degrees



Ph.D. in Physiology Degrees

M.S. in Physiology Degrees 2018 Annual Report |


PDPS research addresses poultry management, nutrition, genomics, immunology, physiology, parasitology, microbiology, toxicology, biotechnology, virology, embryology and processing. Research faculty were 45% of PDPS FTEs. They worked collaboratively with department and NC State colleagues, North Carolina partners, and U.S. and global communities.


95 Publications published, in press or accepted in 2018 22 | 2018 Annual Report

Histomonas, picture by Katherine Cupo

In addition to their own publications, faculty contributed to scholarly journals as editors and peer reviewers. PDPS faculty served on the editorial boards of nine scientific journals and reviewed manuscripts for another 24 journals.

158 Presentations reached 32K+ participants 2018 Annual Report |


Research Grants Awarded FY2018 NUMBER AFNC Allied industry

2 15

Government agencies


NC Agriculture Foundation





24 | 2018 Annual Report




Katherine Cupo, graduate student in the Beckstead lab

Research. Innovation. 10 isolators valued at


were donated by the National Turkey Federation.

A DELTA grant of


helped the NC State Feed Mill launch a virtual tour.

2 AFNC grants of


each were awarded to PDPS researchers. 2018 Annual Report |


5 26 |

Current industry partners supporting research 2018precompetitive Annual Report

The Animal Food and Nutrition Consortium (AFNC) headed by Peter Ferket is dedicated to fostering collaboration between university faculty and industry. The AFNC is a foundational constituent of the CALS Food Animal Initiative (FAI). Its mission is to promote innovation and advance the nutrition, metabolism and gastrointestinal health of production and companion animals. The AFNC is a unique opportunity to put companies on the forefront of innovation. Innovation that will give back more profitable products and greater market share, with a stronger, better developed workforce: a true pipeline to success.



Adam Redhead, AFNC Research Project Coordinator

First research cycle grant money awarded 2018 Annual Report |


PDPS supported N.C. Cooperative Extension – the strategic partnership of North Carolina’s two land-grant universities, NC State and N.C. A&T State University – and all North Carolina counties and the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. PDPS had 5 FTE Extension faculty. Faculty members, five Area Specialized Agents and one Extension Associate offered statewide workshops and events.


23 Publications

30 Presentations

released in 2018

conferences, courses, workshops

28 | 2018 Annual Report

Richard Goforth and Margaret Ross, Area Specialized Agents

2K+ participants attended Extension programs supported by 30+ sponsors. 2018 Annual Report |


Mary Fosnaught, Extension Associate, 4-H & Youth Development

30 | 2018 Annual Report

Programs $94K+ Extension receipts Faculty, Area Specialized Agents and staff offered local, regional, state, national and international outreach programs that brought poultry and food safety knowledge to wide audiences. New hires are developing new programs and expanding existing programs. Program revenues covered costs, ensuring that poultry-related NC State Extension and outreach programs continue to provide innovative solutions to everyone from backyard hobbyists to global companies.

Popular Events by Attendance 500+



State FFA and 4-H Youth Events

N.C. Youth Market Turkey Show

N.C. Turkey Industry Days 2018 Annual Report |


Located both on- and off-campus, our state-of-the-art facilities support Extension, research and teaching efforts in the Prestage Department of Poultry Science. The Animal & Poultry Teaching Unit (PTU), Chicken Education Unit (CEU), Feed Mill Education Unit (FMEU), Scott Hall Bird Wing, Talley Turkey Education Unit (TTEU), Waste Management Center are in Raleigh. PDPS researchers also conduct research at the NCDA&CS Piedmont Research Station in Salisbury, NC.


32 | 2018 Annual Report

Animal & Poultry Teaching Unit (PTU) Inwood Rd. Ken Anderson

Chicken Education Unit (CEU) 4108 Lake Wheeler Rd. Ryan Patterson

Feed Mill Education Unit (FMEU) 4001 Chi Rd. Adam Fahrenholz

Scott Hall Bird Wing 2711 Founders Dr. Jeff Hall

Talley Turkey Education Unit (TTEU) 4601 Mid Pines Rd. Stephen Hocutt

Waste Management Center 4051 Chi Rd. Carm Parkhurst 2018 Annual Report |


Many PDPS faculty, staff and

Ken Anderson won the 2019

Margaret Ross won an NC

students were recognized for

Charles Beard Research

State Extension Communication

their accomplishments over the

Excellence Award from the U.S.

Award in the Feature Story

past year. Highlights include:

Poultry & Egg Association.


Graduate student Katherine

The Poultry Science Club won

Dan Campeau won an NC

Cupo was recognized by the

Club of the Year and 1st place

State Extension Communication

Poultry Science Association

for their club scrapbook at the

Award in the Learning Module

Genomics Area for her research

2019 IPPE.


Undergraduate student

Ken Anderson and Krista

Graduate student Olivia

Gustavo Quintana-Ospina

Eberle-Krish won an

Wedegaertner was recognized

won the James-Hamilton Co.

Outstanding Subject Matter

by the Poultry Science

Undergraduate Student Travel

Program Team Award from

Association for her research

Award to attend the Poultry

the North Carolina Association


Science Association annual

of Cooperative Extension



Krish won the Maurice Stein

Christina Sigmon won a CALS

Graduate student Karlinton

Fellowship award from the

Excellence in Safety Award.

Flores was selected as a 2019-


Awards and Honors

Graduate student Krista Eberle-

Poultry Science Association.

2022 Foundation for Food and Graduate student Matthew

34 | 2018 Annual Report

Becca Wysocky won the Tyson

Warren won a Graduate

Foods Inc. Support Personnel

Student Teaching Award from

Award from the Poultry Science

the North American Colleges


and Teachers of Agriculture.

Agriculture Research Fellow.

In Memoriam John Thomas Brake, Ph.D. NC State University’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences lost a world-renowned poultry science expert and award-winning teacher, mentor and leader on July 31, 2018 when William Neal Reynolds Distinguished Professor John Brake passed away. Brake, 66, had a long history with NC State and its Prestage Department of Poultry Science – he studied poultry and animal science then earned a Ph.D. in physiology in the 1970s. He joined the faculty as an assistant poultry science professor in 1981. Pat Curtis, head of the Prestage Department of Poultry Science, said that Brake was “a friend, colleague, mentor and scholar (who) will be greatly missed by the department and the poultry industry.”

Carmen Robert Parkhurst, Ph.D. NC State University’s College of Agriculture and Life Sciences lost a colleague and student favorite on May 19, 2019 when Professor Emeritus Carmen “Carm” Parkhurst passed away. Dr. Brake’s family welcomes gifts to the John Thomas Brake Memorial Poultry Science Graduate Endowment, which supports Poultry Science graduate students. Support the Carmen R. “Carm” Parkhurst Poultry Science Teaching and Scholarship Endowment.

Parkhurst, 77, had a long career with NC State and its Prestage Department of Poultry Science. After he earned his Ph.D. at The Ohio State University, he joined the PDPS faculty as an assistant poultry science professor in 1971. Pat Curtis, head of the Prestage Department of Poultry Science, said that Parkhurst was “a well-loved teacher whose students appreciated his warmth in and out of the classroom” and added that he’ll be greatly missed by everyone who knew him. 2018 Annual Report |


Prestage Department of Poultry Science 2711 Founders Drive, Campus Box 7608 NC State University Raleigh, NC 27695-7608

Connect with PDPS INSTAGRAM twitter facebook-f NCStatePDPS 36 | 2018 Annual Report

Profile for NC-State-PDPS

2018 Annual Report (Prestage Department of Poultry Science)  

The 2018 Annual Report for the Prestage Department of Poultry Science at NC State University includes information about the poultry industry...

2018 Annual Report (Prestage Department of Poultry Science)  

The 2018 Annual Report for the Prestage Department of Poultry Science at NC State University includes information about the poultry industry...