Letâ€™s share our culture! 30.03. 2012- 30.01. 2013
Let’s share our culture! No doubt, folk culture, be in distant past or immediate present, does not appear as a fixed, unchanging reality; on the contrary, it must be regarded as a dynamic reality, in a continuous change, transformation, adaptation to the new economic, social, demographic conditions. Our project relates to folk culture: crafts and artifacts (wood-carving, weaving, pottery, painting) and the spiritual culture (folk literature or oral art, folk music, folk dances), lifecycle rituals included. A part of nature, man himself is as any other being: he is born, lives, and dies. What makes man different from his presumed animal ancestors, and from all other animals as well, is the cultural treatment of these biological events. The rituals centered around these main moments or stages in human life are known (as the noted French ethnologist Arnold van Gennep described them), as „rites de passage” („rites of passage”). Roughly, they have a threefold structure, comprising three phases or moments - a preliminary one, the passing moment, and integration into the new stage.
Christmas in Austria At our school every class has an advent wreath and some children have made it themselves. Before the first advent Sunday the priest comes to school and there is a mass and the first forms sing religious songs or Christmas songs. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Qyy3PRtsRQ&list=UUl_shcu-K7M6DZ7l3_fv8RA&index=45 The children of each class read texts which they have prepared in their religious instruction lessons. After the priest has blessed the advent wreathes the first candle on the wreath is lit. A special custom in Austria especially Styria is that on the 5th of December the Nikolaus and the Krampus comes to the houses.The Nikolaus brings little presents for the good children and the Krampus frightens the bad ones.
The Krampus really look scary.
The Nikolaus looks like a bishop. Austrian team
Traditional Christmas Greeting: "Sretan i blagoslovljen BoĹžiÄ‡"
Decorations: Though families in Croatia have always decorated their homes with greenery, Christmas trees are a relatively recent holiday tradition.
ornamented with fruit, nuts and sweets as well as glass figures, colored thread, paper chains, lanterns and candles. Licitar hearts baked from dough also make up an important part of many Croatian Christmas trees. Colorful designs, small mirrors, and short sayings are added to the red dough after it is made into a heart shape. Though they're edible, these hearts are usually not eaten.
Traditions: Croatia is a country with many different holiday traditions. Visitors will hear different carols, eat different foods and see different decorations in different regions. In many parts of the country, Christmas celebrations begin on December 13 with St. Lucy's day when families plant wheat seeds in a plate of shallow water.
They grow to be eight inches tall by Christmas Eve and are tied together with a red, blue and white ribbon called trobojnica. In some areas candles are lit and placed in the middle of the straw. The glow that shines through the wheat represents the soul within every person.
Straw, symbolizing fertility and Christ's birth in the crĂ¨che, is also a significant Christmas tradition in many parts of Croatia. On Christmas Eve, straw is spread around the floors and under the tablecloth for the Christmas dinner.
Families make wishes and often sit in the straw as they light and watch the Yule log. Children in Croatia receive Christmas presents at many different times and from many different people. St. Nicholas brings the first children their presents on December 6th and St. Lucy delivers gifts to others on the 13th. Santa Claus and the baby Jesus have also begun to make rounds in some parts of Croatia on Christmas day and Christmas Eve. Croatian team
Romanian Christmas Christmas is an annual commemoration of the birth of Jesus Christ, based on modern definition, however, Christmas has been made what it is with the contribution of many countries across the centuries. Christmas and christmas tales are linked in-between each other, one cannot exist without another. Christmas tales gives Christmas its magical feeling, in return, Christmas's magical feeling is spread by influencing people to tell Christmas tales. Such is the process that makes Christmas what it is, a time of the year when families gather together, mankind's kindness surfaces and, for most people, it's a time of happiness and rejoyce. From my point of view, Christmas is seen differently by people based on their age.Children look forward to Christmas because of their opportunity get things that they ever-desired, but mostly to see the person no-one has ever seen before during Christmas Eve: Santa Claus. For teens, Christmas is about the same thing, excepting Santa Claus, for they have already seen him, moreover, it's another opportunity to gather around and have fun with their friends, family or both.
For adults, it's seeing their children full of joy as they spend their Christmas time while recalling and realizing the actual beauty that Christmas has to offer and nostalgically returning to old times. That, however, is how I think it is, but it might be different from my perspective There's also the carolers, the children and teens that sing carols from a home to another, spreading the magic of Christmas. Decorating the Christmas Tree is also beautiful. Seeing it shine in the darkness is mesmerizing. It's very fun to decorate the Christmas Tree, and usually, probably in all countries, the
head of the family has to put on top of the tree, the most important decoration of them all, the Star. In our High School, the Nichita Stanescu Theoretical High School, we have hung up drawings at the first floor level, we will have a decorated christmas tree and every classroom will be decorated. That, however, isn't what is most important. There will be an event at school during Christmas where we will sing carols, watch theather and do chirstmas-related activities.
CHRISTMAS IN POLAND!
Christmas is the most popular family holiday in Poland. Many rituals are assocciated with this holiday. How do they look like? When the first star appears in the sky, people take seats at the table, leaving an empty place for unexpected guest. Before they start eating, they share the holy wafer. The number of courses is strictly established. Those twelve dishes are not the same in all regions of Poland. What are the most popular? Beetrot soup and ravioli stuffed with mushrooms and cabbage, carp, herring and sometimes moodles with poopy seed. The dessert consists of gingerbread, cheesecake and poppyseed cake. After the Christmas Eve, it's high time to unwrap present, which are placed under the Christmas tree. Next, the family gather
Polish team 11
Greece Holidays (Efi)
In Greece when we talk about the "holidays" we are referring to the holiday period of Christmas, New Year and Epiphany. Traditionally the Christmas holiday period lasts 12 days in Greece. There are many customs associated with the "twelve day of Christmas," some very old and others relatively recent, like the decorated tree and the turkey on the Christmas-day table. Today Christmas in Greece appears more impressive, glossier and more glamorous. Store windows are decorated almost a month in advance, and in the cities the streets and town squares are lit with colourful lights. Also, many people now travel either abroad or around Greece to places which offer winter holidays. Greeks will party at clubs, at bouzoukia, which have almost disappeared in Crete, or stay at home and watch some impressive holiday show on television. But on Christmas Day, all family members gather at the festively set dinner table. The name days of Manolis or Emanuel or Manos or Emanuela are all celebrated on Christmas Day, and friends and relatives will
stop by to wish them "many happy returns" or "hronia pola".
In olden times, Christmas was simpler, warmer, perhaps much closer to the true spirit of the holiday. Many of the traditions of eons ago continue to exist unchanged, so Christmas in Greece maintains its originality and many of the customs. As Christmas drew near, preparations began so all would be ready for the big holiday. Houses would be cleaned with extra care, and a few days before Christmas housewives would prepare the Christmas cookies, which would be eaten on Christmas Day when the fasting ended. By Efi Filippaki and her students-etwinners