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Summer Edition



Stay Safe and Secure by Avoiding These Common Beach Bummers


Top 10 Places to Find Germs Are Usually Within Arm’s Reach

THE PYRAMIDS HAVE FALLEN Step Up to the Plate with New Dietary Guidelines




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Hard landing? Easy solution. or mishaps that don’t require a full emergency room, F count on the experts at CGH Urgent Care. We offer board-certiďŹ ed emergency or family medicine doctors providing skilled care for sprains, fevers, cuts, burns and any minor emergency that needs medical attention fast. No appointments are necessary. Meet the staff and hear from our patients at

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252.808.3100 Moore Orthopedics and Sports Medicine offers orthopedic for all ages and conditions. Whether your injury is a fracture, sports injury, or arthritic condition. Consider us your Family Orthopedic Physicians And Let us care for you; no referral necessary.


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East Coast Square 4251 Arendell Street | Morehead City, NC SUMMER 2011

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Vol. 4, Issue #2 Summer 2011


Published by

NCCOAST Communications Phone 252.247.7442 800.525.1403 Mail 201 N. 17th Street Morehead City, NC 28557 Advertising Director Jamie Bailey 252.241.9485 Account Executives Britt Hardy 252.560.0511 Holly Nickell 252.639.8560 Ashly Willis 252.723.3350 ( Managing Editor Craig Ramey ( Staff Writer Amanda Dagnino Creative Director Kim Moore




Design/Layout Mimi G. Davis Graphic Designers Eddie Boné, Lindsay Parker, Roze Taitingfong Subscriptions 247-7442 NCCOAST Health & Wellness is distributed in five counties and other high-traffic sites throughout North Carolina, and is also available by request at Entire contents, ad and graphic design and nccoast. com copyright 2011 by NCCOAST Communications. Reproduction of any portion of this publication or its website without the publisher’s written consent is strictly prohibited. Information found herein is as accurate as possible at presstime but should be solely used as a guide. For more specific advice, please consult your family physician.

IN THE NEWS New discoveries about links between cell phones and cancer, Avandia warnings and new HIV treatments can be found in our latest roundup of the nation’s headlines.


DAILY DOSE The pyramids have fallen, at least when it comes to how we define a balanced meal.


NUTRITION INTENTION Sugar is sweet but not nice. Make sure you know how sodas and other sweetened beverages are affecting your life.


MIND MATTERS Keep your brain fit as a fiddle with a healthy balance of diet and exercise.








They can inherit more than just your smile.

Relatives of glaucoma patients are 5 times as likely to have glaucoma as well. Early detection can prevent blindness. If you are over 60, have a family history of glaucoma, are diabetic, or of African, Hispanic, or Asian descent, you have a higher risk of developing glaucoma.

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CHERRYL DAVIS, DDS............................................27 316 Commerce Ave., Morehead City 252-247-4900 EASTERN DERMATOLOGY ....................................17 4251 Arendell St., Suite A, Morehead City 252-240-3531 EYE ASSOCIATES OF WILMINGTON .....................7 1729 New Hanover Medical Park Drive, Wilmington – 910-763-3601 EYE CARE CENTER .................................................15 5100 Hwy 70, Morehead City 252-727-5290 FROGLEY CHIROPRACTIC .....................................14 2113 Glenburnie Rd., Suite H, New Bern 252-638-6222 GIRL TALK & GYNECOLOGY ..................................2 4251 Arendell St., Ste. C, Morehead City 252-222-0660 LAWRENCE FAMILY DENTISTRY .............................4 Commerce Plaza, Suite H, Morehead City 252-247-3922 MCLAUGHLIN CHIROPRACTIC .............................14 5039 Executive Drive, Morehead City 252-808-2888 MOORE ORTHOPEDICS & SPORTS MEDICINE......4 4251-B Arendell St., Morehead City 252-808-3100 NEW BERN CHIROPRACTIC CARE CENTER ...........8 2871 Trent Road, New Bern 252-514-2273

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OCEANSIDE DENTISTRY........................................17 4251 Arendell St., Ste. I, Morehead City 252-247-5683 ONSLOW MEMORIAL HOSPITAL ...........................9 317 Western Blvd., Jacksonville 910-577-2345 SCHILSKY CHIROPRACTIC ....................................14 312 Dolphin Drive, Jacksonville 910-347-4033 SEASIDE SALON & DAY SPA ................................21 111 Atlantic Blvd., Atlantic Beach 252-240-3593 SOUNDBANK........................................................27 5039 Executive Drive, Morehead City 252-727-5558 Additional locations: Cape Carteret, Beaufort, New Bern DR. JAMES WELLS, DDS, PA ...................................8 208 Professional Circle, Morehead City 252-247-3010 WILLIS, VANEK, BALL & FISCHER ...........................2 Locations in Morehead City, Havelock and Jacksonville YOGA FOR YOU......................................................9 2900 Arendell St., #16, Morehead City 252-247-YOGA

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In the News

Cell Phones & Brain Tumors While no one has exactly been holding their breath, or putting down their phones in anticipation of the verdict, a World Health Organization panel concluded in May that cell phones are “possibly carcinogenic,” a label shared by some pesticides and dry cleaning chemicals. It’s been the debate of the last decade – do cell phones emit radioactive waves that cause brain tumors? And the answer – according to some of the brightest medical minds in the world, is that we’re just not sure yet. WHO didn’t conduct any research of its own, instead it looked at a number of completed studies that examined the radio frequency magnetic fields that cell phones emit. At a news conference, Dr. Jonathan Samet, an epidemiologist at the University of Southern California and member of the National Cancer Advisory Board said the decision was based on data showing an increased risk among heavy cell phone users of glioma, a rare type of brain tumor. A study last year by Interphone looked at users in 13 countries and found that at the highest level of usage there was up to a 40 percent higher risk of glioma. Researchers have warned that the smarter the phone, the higher the radiation. Blackberry advises that its users hold the phone 0.98 inches from their head during phone calls 10


and Apple suggests 0.625 inches for iPhone users. The WHO panel, however, suggests that if a cell phone is used regularly an earpiece is the safest alternative.

Rise and Fall of Avandia More than a year after a $60 million court settlement was handed out in some 700 civil cases, the world’s best-selling diabetes drug, Avandia will be pulled from pharmacies beginning Nov. 18 because of its link to heart risks. After that date, the drug will only be available via mail order and only for those who have been unable to control their diabetes with other medications. A study in 2007 by Dr. Steven Nissen, chief cardiologist at the Cleveland Clinic concluded that Avandia increased the risk of heart attack by some 43 percent. In 2010, a second physician, Dr. David Graham, released a report blaming Avandia

for the deaths of 47,000 diabetics due to heart attack. People he claims would probably not have suffered a heart attack had it not been for the drug.

treatment. Patients who had a higher viral load at the start of the therapy were more likely not to respond to the drug.

In 2010, the drug was removed from circulation in the European Union and on May 19 the US Food & Drug Administration announced its removal from American pharmacies.

It’s important to note, despite the drug’s favorable results, that it is not a cure for HIV infection. Patients must stay on continuous HIV therapy to control the infection and decrease HIV illnesses.

New HIV Drug Gets Nod

Drug Giant Aids Children

People living with HIV have a new option. The US Food & Drug Administration approved the drug Edurant in May to be used in combination with other antiretroviral drugs.

The third largest pharmaceutical company in the world, GlaxoSmithKline pledged in May to reinvest 20 percent of its annual profits in poor communities around the world. New and existing projects through Save the Children in Yemen, Sierra Leone and Niger will benefit from the donation.

“Patients may respond differently to various HIV drugs or experience varied side effects,� said Dr. Edward Cox, director of the office of antimicrobial products in the FDA’s drug evaluation and research facility. “FDA’s approval of Edurant provides an additional treatment option for patients who are starting HIV therapy.�

Save the Children has stated that in some part of the world, a trained health care worker can reach up to 5,000 children in a year. The lack of trained frontline health care workers continues to be recognized as one of the biggest hurdles in providing basic health care.

In a 96-week trial, patients who had previously not had HIV therapy received Edurant or efavirenz, another FDA-approved inhibitor. Both were given in a combination with other antiretroviral drugs. In patients using edurant, 83 percent had undetectable amounts of HIV in their blood after 48 weeks of

Andrew Witty, GSK’s chief executive, said the company is “fully committed to playing its part in improving access to health care in all of the countries we operate in.� „

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Daily Dose

The Changing Shape of Nutrition

First Lady Michelle Obama, who has taken an active interest in nutrition and exercise, especially among America’s young people, joined USDA Secretary Tom Vilsack for the unveiling of the new MyPlate icon. “With so many food options available to consumers, it is often difficult to determine the best foods to put on our plates when building a healthy meal,” said Secretary Vilsack. “MyPlate is an uncomplicated symbol to help remind people to think about their food choices in order to lead healthier lifestyles. This effort is about more than just giving information, it is a matter of making people understand there are options and practical ways to apply them to their daily lives,” The need for simple advice for the consumer was identified by the Child Obesity Task Force. The MyPlate icon will replace the pyramid image as the government’s primary food group symbol, hopefully becoming an easy-to-understand visual cue to help consumers adopt more healthy eating habits.


hile sitting at our desk and dreaming about the chicken parmesan we’re planning for dinner, it’s not pyramids or stairs we’re imagining – as the US Dept. of Agriculture once wanted to believe. It’s the plate. And in May, the government admitted it is seeing the plate as well as it launched its daily allowance icon for the new generation. Introduced to illustrate the new dietary guidelines for Americans, the new divided plate is reminiscent of a pie graph. Colorful wedges on the plate are labeled fruits, vegetables, proteins, grains and dairy, providing visual clues for exactly how much of your own dinner plate should be filled by each food group. 12


With the latest guidelines, the USDA has moved away from By Amanda Dagnino the one-size-fits-all approach it has maintained for decades. Instead of saying all people should have “X” number of servings of fruits and vegetables a day, the new guide looks at overall daily calorie intake on a personal basis and suggests a number of servings based on that. As an example, the suggested daily caloric intake for a female between the ages of 30-35 is 1,800 calories and under the guidelines for a 1,800-calorie diet, 1 ½ cups of fruits are suggested and 2 ½ cups of vegetables. Taking the guidelines one step further, the interactive website,, allows users to create a plan based on their own height, weight, sex and level of physical activity. An active 25-year-old man may be able to eat more than a seden-

tary 18-year-old girl – and even though we knew already, it’s always nice to be reminded. While for years the pyramid and its associated explanation was all most people had to go by when it came to dietary guidance, the new guides come with a series of suggestions to help consumers make better choices. Fill half of your plate with fruits and vegetables, avoid oversized portions, stop eating when you are satisfied, make half your grains whole grains, switch to skim milk, twice a week make fish your protein and similar suggestions can be found throughout the website and accompanying print materials. The move to the MyPlate icon has been lauded by health officials across the country. A USDA release contained statements from many of the movers and shakers in food, research and health care fields. “The plate is a major step forward in our nation’s efforts to promote health and prevent disease. In today’s environment, when food is on every corner, at every event, and two-thirds of the nation is overweight or obese, consumers need clear guidance on healthy eating,” offered former FDA Commissioner Dr. David Kessler. “The plate shows more clearly than the pyramid what healthy eating is. The plate and the comprehensive communications effort it represents will help reverse trends for obesity.”

cancer, osteoporosis. The list of maladies associated with poor diet is as long as the list of excuses we give for having that extra helping of potatoes. “These new and improved dietary recommendations give individuals the information to make thoughtful choices of healthier foods in the right portions and to complement those choices with physical activity,” said Vilsack. “The bottom line is that most Americans need to trim our waistlines to reduce the risk of developing diet-related chronic disease. Improving our eating habits is not only good for every individual and family, but also for our country.” And keeping pace in the digital age, the USDA wants to know how you fill your plate. Consumers are invited to photograph their dinner plates and share them on Twitter with the tag MyPlate or by uploading them to „

Kessler has those statistics correct – some 1/3 of all children and 2/3 of American adults are now over their ideal weight and with that comes a handful of health risks and concerns. Today, 81.1 million – about 37 percent of the population – have cardiovascular disease. Sixteen percent of the adult population has high blood pressure. Nearly 24 million Americans, almost 11 percent of the population, have diabetes and about 78 million – 35 percent of the adult population – has prediabetes. But that is not all – we’ve left out hypertension, w w w . N C C O A S T. c o m


yOur eastern Carolina Chiropractic alliance Serving Carteret, Craven & Onslow Counties


cLaughlin Chiropractic Center

5039 Executive Dr. Suite 300 | Morehead City

(252) 808-2888 Dr. Patrick McLaughlin, DC

Dr. Nathan Sprague, DC

Monday-Friday 7-12 / 2-6 | Saturday 8-11

2113 S Glenburnie Road, Suite H | New Bern

(252) 638-6222 Monday-Thursday 8:30-12 / 2-6 | Friday 8:30-12

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Nutrition Intention

The Rising Cost of Sugar


he sugar rush from a can of soda may add a little vigor to your step, but researchers are finding you may be gaining a little more from America’s favorite beverage – higher blood pressure. A study published this spring in “Hypertension: Journal of the American Heart Association” found that for each extra sugar-sweetened beverage drunk per day, participants on average had significantly higher systolic blood pressure by 1.6 millimeters of mercury (mm Hg) and diastolic blood pressure higher by 0.8 mm Hg. This remained statistically significant even after adjusting for differences in body mass, researchers said. Researchers found higher blood pressure levels in individuals who consumed more glucose and fructose, both sweeteners that are found in high-fructose corn syrup, the most common sugar sweetener used by the beverage industry. Higher blood pressure was more pronounced in people who consumed high levels of both sugar and sodium. “This points to another possible intervention to lower blood pressure,” said Dr. Paul Elliott, senior author and professor in the department of epidemiology and biostatistics in the School of Public Health at Imperial College London. “These findings lend support for recommendations to reduce the intake of sugar-sweetened beverages, as well as added sugars and sodium in an effort to reduce blood pressure and improve cardiovascular health.” 16


Researchers analyzed consumption of sugar-sweetened drinks, sugars and diet beverages in 2,696 40- to 59-years-old, in eight areas of the United States and two areas of the United Kingdom. “People who drink a lot of sugar-sweetened beverages appear to have less healthy diets,” said Dr. Ian Brown, research associate at Imperial College London. “They are consuming empty calories without the nutritional benefits of real food. They consume less potassium, magnesium and calcium.” Sugary drinks received yet another slap on the hand in March, as the American Heart Association released a study aligning the country’s increase in sugar intake, including sugary beverages, to the climbing rate of obesity. Researchers reviewed the intake of added sugars and patterns of body weight over 27 years using data collected in the Minnesota Heart Survey, a surveillance study of adults ages 25 to 74 living in the Minneapolis-St. Paul metropolitan area. Dietary intake was assessed by a 24-hour recall. The heart survey includes six surveys looking at a subjects’ diet, height and weight. “There is limited data available looking at how added sugar intake is related to body mass index (BMI),” said Huifen Wang, M.S., lead author of the study and a Ph.D. candidate in the School of Public Health at the University of Minnesota in Minneapolis. “With the information provided, we examined the trends for body mass index and dietary intake of foods and beverages with added sugars across the six surveys,” Wang said. “We looked at these trends by gender and by age group.” BMI measures body weight in relation to height. The researchers found: • Added sugars intake increased along with BMI levels in men and women. • Over 27 years, added sugars consumption increased among men and women and in all age groups. • In the 2007-09 survey, men consumed about 15.3 percent of their daily calories from added sugars, representing a substantial 37.8 percent increase from 1980-82. • Among women, added sugar intake changed from 9.9 percent of total calories in 1980-82 to 13.4 percent of total calories in 2007-09. • Across all survey years, women consumed less added sugars than men, while younger adults consumed more added sugars than older adults. The American Heart Association recommends that no more than half of your daily discretionary calories come from added sugars. Discretionary calories are “left over” or what allowance remains in your daily calorie limit after you’ve eaten the recommended types and amounts of foods that you need to meet nutrient requirements, such as fruit, vegetables, lowfat dairy products, high-fiber whole grains, lean meat, poultry and fish. „

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The Dirt On Germs Ten Places to Wash Your Hands of These Unwanted Guests By Amanda Dagnino Photo courtesy of the Centers for Disease Control


s the summer cold season begins to gain some steam, people will inevitably begin to wonder where on earth it came from. Did you pick it up

at work? How about the grocery store? Must have been that visit to see your neighbor in the hospital, right? Not necessarily. A “bug,” as we’re so fond of calling them, can be acquired just about anywhere. The Centers for Disease Control estimate that nearly 80 percent of all infections spread through our environment by contact with contaminated surfaces. A recent study in the Journal of Medical Virology found that cold and flu viruses can survive for up to 18 hours on hard surfaces while other researchers claim the germs can live up to three days on some surfaces – leaving plenty of time for them to find a way to enter our body. And we’re paying for it. Absences from colds represent about 22 million days of lost work and more than 7.9 million doctor visits in the US alone, according to a study by the National Center for Health Statistics. That’s enough to make anyone stand up and take notice. So where exactly are we coming in contact with these pesky little germs? Where have your hands been today? 18



According to a study by Dr. Charles Gerba, a microbiology professor at the University of Arizona, conducted for the makers of Clorox bleach, the office phone is one of the germiest places of all – about 25,000 germs per square inch. Compare that to the 49 germs per inch found on the office toilet seat and it makes for a startling statistic. Not far behind, with some 21,000 germs per square inch, the desktop itself provides a nice, flat breeding ground for germs. Now how about that keyboard? That’s right. Turn it over and give that baby a little shake – and as certain as the day is long there will be a nice, steady stream of crumbs and other unidentifiable shrapnel. Yesterday’s lunch? More like last December’s as a recent study shows that 75 percent of employees admit they only clean their office “occasionally.”

2. BATH TUB Bacteria loves warm, moist, dark places and according to researchers having two out of three is still a plus for germs looking to spread. A study by Dr. Elizabeth Scott found staphylococcus bacteria in some 26 percent of the tubs she tested. Compare that to the six percent she found in home garbage cans for a striking comparison. It seems so wrong – yet makes so much sense. It is the tub, after all, where we go to scuff off the germs and bacteria our body collects each day.


They do a lot in a day and take a lot of abuse along the way. From teething babies to upset stomachs and sweaty palms, shopping carts are handled over and over on a daily basis. Dr. Gerba took a look at carts in five unnamed metropolitan areas and found some startling results. Coliforms, which suggest the potential presence of fecal matter, were found on 72 percent of the carts and E.coli was detected on about 50 percent. The next time a cart is needed, reaching for one of the disinfecting wipes most major chains are now offering isn’t such a bad idea.


3. PUBLIC WATER FOUNTAINS While personal water bottles have all but made public water fountains obsolete, there are at least two places where you’re sure to find them – the gym and public schools. According to researchers, the fountains can harbor as many as 2.7 million bacteria per square inch, catapulting them to the top of the germ list.

4. ATM MACHINE Looking to grab a little cash? Well be careful about what you grab along with it. ATM machines, vending machines and other heavily-used public items gather a lot of germs throughout the course of their day. Testing 38 ATM’s in Taipei a Chinese researcher found an average of 1,200 germs on each key. They may be cleaned often, but think about how often they’re touched. One British study likened touching an ATM to sticking your hand in the toilet. Beware of other public buttons such as in elevators and light switches.

warm, they’re moist, they’re encrusted with food particles and the crew at MythBusters agrees, the kitchen sponge and cloth are the dirtiest places in the American home with an average of 70 percent failing a hygiene test. Studies show that rates of germs per sponge can range from 20 million to 500 million with an average 31 percent showing traces of E. coli and 21 percent staphylococcus. Quick trick from the trenches – toss your sponge in the microwave for two minutes every couple of days to kill looming bacteria. (cont. on page 20)

Germiest Jobs •

Teacher/day-care worker

Bank employee/cashier

Tech support/computer repair


Lab scientist

Police officer

Animal control officer


Sanitation worker


w w w . N C C O A S T. c o m


Lifestyles (cont. from page 19) door handle. This, of course, is a place where regular sanitizing is done every few days as patients come and go – but when was the last time you cleaned the remote at home? Or worse yet, how long do you think it has been since the remote was wiped down in that family motel you stayed in last weekend?



Remember that load of clothes you washed last Saturday and forgot about until Monday morning when you were looking for your favorite tan button up? Well, maybe a rinse in hot water is in order. In a test of 50 home washing machines in Tampa Bay, Fla., Dr. Gerba and his team found that 40 percent of laundry washed in non-bleach detergent had coliform bacteria if underwear were included in the load. So much coliform that it contaminated the load done immediately after even if it didn’t have underwear included. About 10 percent also had traces of E. coli present. No fear, however, bleach isn’t necessary to kill the bacteria. Instead, a hot dry cycle should do the trick.

8. REMOTE CONTROL What is the first thing you’re likely to do after calling in sick to work? Pick up the remote control to see who’s on today’s episode of Ellen. And as you do, all those little sick germs are wiped on, over, under and in between those inconveniently hard to clean buttons. According to Dr. Gerba, remote controls in a hospital setting (think sanitary) carried three times more bacteria than the bathroom 20


We fondle them with our warm germy hands and then put them away in warm, dark places to incubate. On a news program, Dr. Gerba tested 10 cell phones from the cast and crew and found the sound man’s phone, at 10-50 million bacteria, was one of the dirtiest he had seen to date. Making matters worse, a Stanford University study concluded that about 30 percent of the microbes on your touch screen phone will make it on to your finger while making a call. The average phone has a little over 25,000 germs per square inch, but we suppose that number can fluctuate greatly depending on where your hands have been.


Oh, how we love to fondle the Benjamins – but don’t get too close. Researchers in the US tested money from coast to coast. The cleanest greenback had about 20 germs, while the dirtiest boasted some 25,000. The biggest contributing factor? The age of the bill. Paper money passes from hand to hand on a daily basis, picking up germs as it goes, as well as trace amounts of illegal drugs along the way. „

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Vision problems? Get an eye exam.

Hearing loss? Turn up the TV. Tell people to speak up. Don’t answer the phone. Stay out of restaurants. Don’t go to movies. Avoid socializing.


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w w w . N C C O A S T. c o m


Ounce of Prevention Wear your sunscreen. Can we say this enough to our children and friends? Probably not. Despite huge national campaigns lamenting the dangers of too much sun, getting a tan continues to be at the top of everyone’s summer to do list. Yes, get your tan on – but do so in a safe, gradual manner. Skin cancer continues to be the most common type of cancer in the United States. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) about 65-90 percent of all skin cancer is caused by exposure to ultraviolet light – which is exactly what we find on the beach and in tanning beds across the country. Following a few safety rules, like avoiding peak hours of 10am-4pm and wearing a wide brimmed hat and sunglasses can definitely add to the safety of sunbathing.

Be cool in the pool (and the ocean). The stark reality is that despite myriad safety tools, drowning is the leading cause of injury death among children ages 1-4 with three children dying every day in the country as a result of drowning. In a water emergency, every second counts, with many happening silently and quickly before anyone even noticing. If someone is missing, the American Red Cross recommends that you check the water first, whether you’re poolside or sitting on the beach. “Throw, don’t go” is the mantra. Having a life preserver, or alerting nearby lifeguards who do, is always preferable to heading into the water yourself to make a rescue. There have been numerous reported cases of rescuers themselves getting caught in rip currents and pulled away from shore. An active drowning victim may be vertical in the water but unable to move or tread water. They may attempt to press down with their arms at their sides in an attempt to keep their head above the water line. Never assume that a swimmer in distress is joking or playing around, the Red Cross warns. The tried and true safety rules continue to be the same: • Make sure your children know how to swim and set limits for them. • Have children wear a life jacket – but never rely on it to babysit. • Never leave children alone in or near the water.

Surviving Summer

Four Common Dangers to Avoid While Having Your Fun in the Sun

By Amanda Dagnino


he long days of summer are finally here. With school behind them, youngsters and adults are now stretching their weary legs and venturing out

into the great outdoors for a little rest and relaxation. But as we burst out of our shell and start enjoying all the amenities of living along the Crystal Coast, remember that safety comes first. While living on the coast definite-

ly makes summer more exciting, it can also make it more dangerous for those who aren’t aware of the dangers lurking beneath the façade of a warm summer’s day. 22


Beware the ‘Happy Hour Rash’ Dr. Victoria Strasnick of Virginia Beach Pediatrics Center says every summer she treats an adult or child who has this brown, odd-shaped rash. It comes from the oil of lemons or limes. When you slice the fruit and go out in the sun without washing your hands, the sun’s rays activate a substance in the citrus, causing blisters that can be painful. Last year, a girl’s facial rash happened after her dad squeezed lemons and the spray inadvertently splashed on her face. The July 2007 issue of The New England Journal of Medicine illustrated a severe case: After a young woman prepared mojitos, which contained limes, she went out in the sun and her hands developed such a severe reaction she was admitted to a burn unit. • • • • •

Don’t dive into shallow water. If you can’t swim, don’t let your feet leave the ground. Drop offs are common along the coastline. Stay alert for changes in the weather and ocean. Watch for rip currents Be prepared, learn CPR.

An estimated 80 percent of beach rescues are attributed to rip currents, according to the US Lifesaving Association. These strong, narrow currents moving away from shore, are hazardous not only for new swimmers, but for strong, experienced swimmers as well. More than 100 people die annually from drowning in rip currents say recent National Weather Service statistics. Currents are most unpredictable and prone to rip currents around rock jetties, piers and docks. Despite a strong swim stroke, those caught in a rip current find it hard to make it back to beach. The NWS recommends that if caught in a rip current, swim parallel to the shore until out of the current, then head to shore.

Now ‘ear’ this. A recent report from the CDC found that swimmer’s ear results in some 2.4 million doctor visits annually in the US, with each costing an average of $200. “Most people think of swimmer’s ear as a mild condition that quickly goes away, but this common infection is responsible for millions of illnesses and substantial medical costs each year,” Michael Beach, associate

director for healthy water said in a press release. Swimmer’s ear is a painful condition caused by water sitting too long in the ear canal, thus allowing germs to multiply. Humidity and warm temperatures have a tendency to increase the risk, making the South the region with the highest rates of occurrence. According to the report, 44 percent of all reported cases occur June-August. Children ages 5-14 had the highest rate of doctor’s visits. “By taking simple steps before and after swimming or coming in contact with water, people can greatly reduce their risk of this painful infection,” Beach said. Recommendations include: • Dry your ears after swimming or showering • If around water, attempt to keep your ears dry. • Avoid inserting swabs or other foreign objects into the ear canal. This can irritate the skin and make it more susceptible to infection. • If swimmer’s ear is a common occurrence, ask your doctor about using alcohol-based drops after swimming.

Hazards below the surface.

With miles of open coast line, Carteret County hosts more beachgoers and pool bathers, and with high beach traffic comes dangers that inland people aren’t accustomed to dealing with – wildlife. The emergency department at Carteret General Hospital warns that stingrays have a sharp barb that can impale the skin and cause extreme pain. First treat the sting with water as hot as you can stand it to help relieve symptoms. If the pain is extreme or the barb is still in the skin, a medical consultation may be necessary. Jellyfish stings bring a lot of pain as well. First treat with vinegar soaks for 15-30 minutes. NEVER use regular water as it will make it worse. Regular water causes a continued release of the toxin, while the acetic acid in vinegar makes it stop. Even waders can be at risk of cuts from the razor-like edges of oyster shells. Oyster shells have a lot of bacteria and the shells are hard to see. Medical treatment is needed to evaluate shell remains and to treat infection. Prevention is always best, warn the experts. Protect your feet when going into the water and be aware if you are entering oyster habitats. Tetanus shots should be evaluated with all cuts to the skin, including oyster cuts. When it comes to fun in the sun – there is plenty to go around here in Eastern North Carolina. But practicing safety first and being ever vigilant is the only way to be sure of an injury free holiday! „ w w w . N C C O A S T. c o m


Mind Matters Strong DHA supplements make it easier to get the DHA your brain needs. The BrainStrong line of four natural daily brain health supplements for pregnant women, toddlers, children and adults provides the nourishment people need to ensure their brains are developing and functioning to the best of their potential.

Physical Fitness

Each time a heart beats, 25 percent of the blood it pumps goes to the brain, carrying with it oxygen and nutrients important to brain health. Exercise can increase heart rate and help produce new brain cells. • Do physical activities at least 30 minutes a day. Get the family to walk; play sports; have fun outdoors. • Get approximately seven to eight hours of sleep daily. • Maintain a healthy weight to minimize risk of diabetes, high cholesterol and hypertension.

Photo courtesy of Getty

Be Smart About Your Family’s Brain Health You may be taking care of your body, but are you taking care of your brain? The brain is vital for everyday functions, yet few pay close attention to it. Fifty-three percent of adults believe brain fitness can be improved a lot. But only 10 percent consider it a top priority compared to other health issues. According to Shara Aaron, M.S., R.D. and author of “The Baby Fat Diet,” you can keep family brain health top of mind through simple daily actions involving diet and nutrition, physical fitness, mental activity and social connections.

Diet and Nutrition

Consuming omega-3 fatty acids may support your brain’s processing power and help fight mental health decline. • Eat lots of fresh, colorful fruits and vegetables. Include leafy greens, broccoli and cauliflower. • Switch out saturated and trans fats for healthier fats found in olive oil and canola oil. • Increase daily intake of DHA, which accounts for up to 97 percent of the omega-3 fats in the brain. New Brain24


Mental Activity

Keeping the brain active helps generate new cells and makes new connections within the brain. • Encourage the whole family to learn things. Try new activities; learn a new language; stimulate curiosity. • Look for creative ways to use multiple parts of the brain. Play music; draw; write; arrange flowers; take photos. • Support better brain health in kids and teens by asking open-ended questions that require more than a yes or no. Challenge them to use different parts of the brain. • Avoid overdoing it with multitasking. According to experts, including Dr. Majid Fotuhi, M.D., Ph.D., chairman of the Neurology Institute for Brain Health and Fitness and an assistant professor of neurology at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, “Multitasking beyond your comfort zone can decrease mental productivity, elevate brain fatigue and increase stress.”

Social Connections

Strong social connections are a vital element in overall health, wellness and longevity. Get involved in activities with others. • Volunteer for a cause you’re passionate about. • Join group activities such as a card group, book club or hobby group. • Nurture friendships; someone to care about and laugh with is important for mental health. “Socializing may help your brain in other ways, from reducing stress and depression to increasing mental stimulation. Make connections with others,” Aaron said. „ For more about family brain health, visit where home is ... Menus, Vacation Rentals, Interactive Calendars, Facebook Updates, Restaurant Reviews, Shopping, Fort Macon, Virtual Copies of Health & Wellness Magazine and 13 Other NCCOAST Magazines, Cape Lookout Ferries, Weddings on a Budget, Recipes, Art Shows, Golf Courses, Business Features, Musical Concerts, the NC Aquarium, Daily Events & More.

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General Hospital Nursing Program Earns Accreditation Carteret Community College’s associate degree nursing program has been granted national accreditation by the agency that reviews nursing education programs nationwide. The National League for Nursing Accrediting Commission (NLNAC) performed an exhaustive study that included a complete review of the program and its procedures, and included an on-site visit to the college. “We are very excited and proud of the achievement,” said Cindy Yount, coordinator of nursing programs at the college. “The college’s associate degree nursing program, which first began accepting students in 2005, has graduated more than 40 individuals who have gone on to become registered nurses.” Since its beginning, the ADN program has achieved an average of 97 percent pass rate for first-time test takers who take the licensure examination for registered nurses. “We have continued to work hard to prepare graduates for the licensure exam,” Yount said. “We want to ensure our students are prepared as competent and caring graduates so they are successful as entry level nurses.” The four-step accreditation process requires nursing programs to respond to six standards and criteria in a self-study report, followed by an on-site inspection. The standards and criteria include: mission and administration capacity, faculty and staff, students, curriculum, resources, and outcomes. Carteret’s initial accreditation is valid for four years. In 2015, the program will go through a re-evaluation and re-accreditation process. The CCC ADN program is one of the smaller programs in the state’s community college system, and can admit between 20-25 qualified students each fall. The college’s size, location and limited access to clinical learning sites, restricts the number of students the college can train. Carteret General Hospital is the primary clinical learning facility and has been supportive from the earliest planning stages. CGH also provides funds for a nursing faculty position for the college, which is held by Mary Briley, MSN, RN.

CarolinaEast Cancer Support Group will meet on the first and third Thursday of every month from 1:30-2:30pm in the Radiation Oncology Library on the CarolinaEast Medical Center campus, New Bern. The first meeting of the new series was held June 2. These group sessions will provide hope, help and support for cancer patients, their families and caretakers as well as survivors. Anyone struggling with cancer is welcome and encouraged to attend. “There are a multitude of complicated issues connected with a cancer diagnosis, treatment and recovery,” said Keith Little, CarolinaEast Medical Center’s clinical chaplain. “These include anxiety, fear, crisis of self-identity, recovery, financial concerns and the significant impact cancer can have on family dynamics,” he explained. “We hope that these meetings will provide compassionate guidance for all attendees,” said Little. “We recognize the journey from diagnosis to recovery and beyond involves much greater healing and care than just physical. We focus on finding hope in the midst of our struggles,” he added. For more information on the CarolinaEast Cancer Support Group, contact the CarolinaEast pastoral care department at 252-634-6200 or visit

Nursing Scholarships Awarded The CarolinaEast Foundation awarded four nursing scholarships to local area students, Kelsie Bryant, Abigail Taylor, Travis Marquardt and Jennifer Wilson. The scholarships are made possible through the Joseph Hageman Memorial Nursing Scholarship Fund. Joe Hageman was a longtime nurse and employee of the CarolinaEast Health System who passed away in 2006. These scholarships are available for students pursuing Bachelor of Science degrees in Nursing or an Associate of Applied Science in Nursing. „

Kelsie Bryant

Abigail Taylor

Travis Marquardt

Jennifer Wilson

Cancer Support Group Offers Help, Hope The Cancer Committee at CarolinaEast Health System will begin hosting Cancer Support Group meetings focusing on the needs of those in our community struggling with cancer. 26


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Health and Wellness Summer 2011  
Health and Wellness Summer 2011  

Health and Wellness Summer 2011