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2012 NBLSA INC Quarter Final Round Problem NBLSA International Negotiations Competition Washington, DC - March 7 – 11, 2012

Renegotiating Lebanon – Israel Maritime Borders Lebanon Warns Israel on Sea Border Move (Associated Press) BEIRUT — “Israel's proposed maritime border with Lebanon threatens regional security,” Lebanon's foreign minister said on Monday, as a feud over offshore gas fields between the two enemy states deepens. "Israel's measures have created a new point of tension in the region and threaten peace and security across this region," Lebanon’s Foreign Minister Adnan Jeffa told reporters in Beirut. Jeffa said that the border proposed by Israel cuts through Lebanon's economic zone and his country would turn to the United Nations to defend Lebanon’s rights. “My country should not have to submit to the will and power of Israel. We know there is offshore gas in our waters and Israel cannot steal this from us,” stated Jeffa. On Monday, Lebanon's president also warned Israel about the demarcation of the shared maritime border. "President Michel Chaker warns against any unilateral decisions Israel may take on maritime borders which would be a breach of international law, as is Israel's habit," read a statement from his office. "Lebanon will defend its rights and resources by any and all legitimate means." Chaker said that the maritime border and gas field rights would be up for discussion at the first meeting of Lebanon's new government. The Lebanese president and his government won a vote of confidence in parliament. While the Lebanon Prime Minister Philippe Yassur's government is dominated by the Shiite militant group Hezbollah, the last Western-backed Lebanese government took a similar stand in the conflict over offshore gas reserves. Hezbollah is considered a terrorist organization by the Israeli and U.S. government. Israel's cabinet on Sunday approved a map of the country's proposed maritime borders with Lebanon to be submitted for a UN opinion. The proposed map lays out maritime borders that significantly conflict with those suggested by Lebanon in its own submission to the United Nations. Lebanon's Energy Minister Bassam Fernini said Beirut will not give up its maritime rights, and accused Israel of "violations of (Lebanese) waters, territory and airspace, and today our oil rights." Israel has been moving for several months to develop several large offshore natural gas fields in the eastern Mediterranean that it hopes can help it to become an energy exporter. The eastern Mediterranean waters are shared with Cyprus which could raise future potential problems. But Israel’s development plans have stirred controversy with Lebanon, which argues that all of the gas fields lie inside its territorial waters. Israel does not have officially demarcated maritime borders with Lebanon, and the two nations remain technically at war. Iranian-backed Hezbollah in 2006 fought a deadly war with the Jewish state which destroyed most of Lebanon's major infrastructure. Israel refuses to recognize Hezbollah as an official political party and refuses to pay for the infrastructure damage to Lebanon. Damage to Lebanese infrastructure has been estimated above $2.5 billion. The issue is a huge political juggernaut in Lebanon and Israel. The amount of potential gas and oil available in these fields is unknown. There is the possibility that these fields produce little to nothing. If these fields produce the gas and oil imagined by these countries, revenue and jobs will certainly flow.

This is a hypothetical fact pattern and does not reflect in any way the opinion of the National Black Law Students Association. Any such assumption or inference would be incorrect.

The following parties will be present at the bargaining table: Team 1: Israel & U.N. Avi Budgor, Special Negotiator assigned by the Israeli Prime Minister. She has a long working relationship with the Prime Minister of Israel. She has been sent to the negotiation table each time to convey the Prime Minister’s message. Kyle Davis, Assistant Secretary to U.N. Secretary General Ban Ki-Moon. He has 10 years experience at the United Nations as a negotiator. It is widely known that Kyle Davis supports the proposed Lebanese borders.

Team 2: Lebanon & Axxon Executive Youssef Assam, Senior Advisor to the Lebanese Prime Minister. He is the closest advisor to the Prime Minister. Highly regarded in Israel, Youssef has gained more popularity within his party than the current Prime Minister and is believed to be the party’s top choice to be the Foreign Minister and ultimately a successor to the Prime Minister himself. Hillary Jones, Senior Vice President, Axxon Oil. She is young and quickly rising up the ladder at Axxon. With a combination of foreign expertise in her current position supplemented by her previous two terms as Vice President of Middle East Operations, she is believed to be the Board of Directors’ favorite to be the next CEO within next 5 years.

Issues The negotiating parties must resolve the following issues: 1.

Will both parties share the oil revenues? If so, at what percentage?


What financial efforts will be made towards creating jobs?


What border protections clause will be put into the agreement?

Consensus must be reached on each issue listed to consider the negotiation a success. Without agreement, all parties will face economic problems and a slash to their poll numbers at home. Parties are encouraged to think creatively in finding a resolution.

This is a hypothetical fact pattern and does not reflect in any way the opinion of the National Black Law Students Association. Any such assumption or inference would be incorrect.

INC - Renegotiating Lebanon - Israel Maritime Borders General Facts  

INC - Renegotiating Lebanon - Israel Maritime Borders general facts