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Volume6

protocol CSIStudentChapter,D. J. S. C. O. E

S E C U R I T Y

WI N D O WS 8

TEGRA4

L E A PM O T I O N

B I O N I C A R M


PREFACE

F r o mT hePr i nc i pa l ’ sDe s k Iam gl adt onot et hatt hePr ot oc olmagaz i neoft heCSIDJ SCOEs t udentc hapt ers t andswi t hourgr owi ngc onc er naboutt he negat i vei mpac t soft ec hnol ogyonc ur r entdayl i f eandi t sc ompl exs ur r oundi ngs . Thec ur r enti s s ueofPr ot oc olbr i ngst oy ou t hei nf or mat i onaboutt het ec hnol ogyandl at es tdevel opment s ,buti nabr oaders ens ewi t ht hedeepunder s t andi ngofi t s effec tont hehumanl i f eandt heent i r es oc i et y .Tec hnol ogyandi t si mpl ement at i onac c or di ngt omei saver yc r uc i aland c r i t i c al t opi ct hatr equi r esat t ent i onf r om ever y one. Wi t ht heunbel i evabl eandver yr api dadvanc ement st hatar et aki ngpl ac e; s ens er i s i ngal er t sf ort hes oc i all i f eofever y onees pec i al l yt hepr es entgener at i on. I am afir ms uppor t erofover al lpr ogr es s I i nt hes oc i et y ,butdoal s owi s ht hatours t udent sandt hec ur r enty oungergener at i ondonotf al ls l avest ot hei nvi s i bl eand gr aves i deeffec t soft hes amewhi c hI c al last heDi gi t alDar kSi de.I wi s hf oral lours t udent ss uc c es s , t hati sac c ompani edby aheal t hy , happyandapeac ef ull i f e. L etever y ones uc c eedi nf ul fil l i ngameani ngf ull i f ef ort hems el ves . Bes tWi s hes ! -Har i Vas udevan

F r o mT heBr a nc hCo uns e l l o r ’ sDe s k TheCSIs t udentc hapt eratDwar kadasJ . Sanghvi Col l egeofEngi neer i ngwasi nc ept edi n2002. Theai m oft hi ss t udentf or um i st opr ovi det hem apl at f or mt odevel opmanager i als ki l l sandt eam wor kbyor gani z i ngvar i oust ec hni c alevent ss uc has s emi nar s , wor ks hops , paperpr es ent at i ons , et c . I n2007,It ookoverasabr anc hc ouns el orofCSIs t udentc hapt eratDJ SCOEandi n201 0,wes t ar t edaNewsL et t erc ome t ec hni c almagaz i nenamed‘ Pr ot oc ol ’t okeept hes t udent sabr eas twi t hl at es tdevel opment si nI Twor l d.I ,wi t ht hehel pof s t udent sandf ac ul t ymember spr es entt hes i xt hvol umeofPr ot oc ol . akepr i dei nment i oni ngt hef ac tt hatt hes t udentmember sofCSIDJ SCOEc hapt erwor kr oundt hey earwi t ht hevi s i onof It t aki ngt hes t udentbr anc ht ogr eat erhei ght s . Ial s ot aket hi soppor t uni t yt ot hankourPr i nc i pal ,Dr .Har iVas udevanandVi c ePr i nc i pal ,( Admi n)Pr of .As hi s hDapt ar darf or t hei ri ndi s pens abl es uppor t .Iwoul d al s ol i ket ot hankal lt hef ac ul t ymember swho havebeen ac t i vel yi nvol ved and c ont r i but edt ot hes uc c es sof‘ Pr ot oc ol ’ . Iwi s hTeam Pr ot oc olt hever ybes t . Dr . Abhi j i tR. J os hi

OurS i nc e r eT ha nk sT o TheCSImagaz i nec ommi t t eewoul dl i ket ot hankPr of . Mr s . NeepaShahf orherfir ms uppor tandc ons t anthel p. Wet aket hi s oppor t uni t yt oexpr es sgr at i t udet oherandt heent i r eI Tf ac ul t yf ort hegui danc ewi t houtwhi c hs moot hf unc t i oni ngwoul dnot havebeenpos s i bl e.Theyc r eat edaf r i endl ywor ki ngat mos pher e.Weal s ot hankt heent i r eCSIc ommi t t eef ort hei rhel pand as s i s t anc e.

Ma ga z i neCo mi t t e e Pr i y ankaDal vi ( SEI T) , Edi t ori nChi ef Nay anSet h( SECOMPS) , Wr i t er Vi vekSanghavi J ai n( SECOMPS) , Wr i t er Kas hi fMemon( SEI T) , Wr i t er Pr i y ankaKul kar ni ( SEI T) , Wr i t er

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J as hAj mer a( SEI T) , Wr i t er I s hi t aShah( SEI T) , Wr i t er Pr ahl adPr abhakar( SEI T) , Wr i t er Devans hShah( SEI T) , Wr i t er Pr at i kMeht a( SEI T) , Wr i t er

e c a f e -6|Pr Vol : ol oc ot Pr


Co nt e nt s 6

T o p 5 G a d g e t s

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M a n i f e s t o 7

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G a d g e t s 2 0 1 3 P r o j e c t G l a s s B i o n i c A r m M i n d R e a d i n g B o u n c e I m a g i n g

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L e a p M o t i o n

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M a k e r B o t R e p l i c a t o r 2

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P h o n e B a c k u p T P P 6

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N v i d i a T e g r a 4 F u s i o n D r i v e

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E x c l u s i v e I n t e r v i e w 17

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T e c h n o l o g y ’ s D a r k S i d e T i p s T o B e S a f e F r o m P h i s h i n g Wi n d o w s 8 T r i c k s R e s p o n s i v e We b D e s i g n U l t r a H i g h D e f i n i t i o n A m a z o n C l o u d C l o u d S t o r a g e C o m p a r i s i o n op5 -6|T Vol : ol oc ot Pr


Ma ni s f e s t o Whatpr ompt smei nt os avi ngs omes pac eofPr ot oc ol 6

andac onveni entway .Agr eed.Wi l lt heyc ar r yt hes ame

f ort hi sar t i c l ei st hemanneri nwhi c ht heempl oy mentof

meani ng?Andval ue?

t ec hnol ogyi nourdayt odayl i f ei spr ol i f er at i ng.Weal l ar e ver y wel lupdat ed wi t ht he l at es tt ec hnol ogi es ,

nt I hewebbr ows i ngandl i nkc l i c ki ngwor l dwehumans

appl i c at i onst hatar ei nt r oduc ed ever ys i ngl ei ns t ant

ar ec ons t ant l ypr owl i ngoveri nfini t edat a.Nodoubti t

( l i t er al l y ! )and newerver s i onsofgadget swi t hbet t er

hast r ans f or med an ent i r eageand l ead t ot hemos t

f eat ur est hats eem mor epr omi s i ngt hanever . Wegetup

r api d pr ogr es s .Butwehumanshavebeenc r eat ed t o

t heal ar ms nooz es , r emi nder sandt odo’ sf ort heday , ot

ac hi evemor egoal st hanj us tt hi s ; t ounder s t andabet t er

t r aveli nt hec ompanyofear spl uggedwi t hmus i cand

pur pos eofl i f eandabet t err eas ont oexi s t !

finger sc ons t ant l yont heqwer t y ,expr es sl oveandhat e ons t at usupdat es , ki l lbor i ngl ec t ur eswi t h‘ Templ eRun’ , ‘ Wher e’ smywat er ’et candr ef ert ot henot est hatar e f or war dedemai l sors l i des .Andaf t erahec t i cday ,t he r es or tf orr el axi ngandr ec r eat i onvar i esf r om t hel at es t eBooknamedAt ot heepi s odeBofs eas onCandt he mi ndboggl i ngbeat sofmyf avor i t ear t i s tZ!Bl ah! Andaf t eri nt egr at i ngt heeffec t sofal lt heaboveIs ee f or mat i onofi ndel i bl emar ksonal lourl i ves ,manyof whi c har enotappr ec i abl e.Idonotpl anondr awi nga debat e on t he pr os and c ons of t ec hnol ogi c al advanc ement s . I s ol el yi nt endt ot hr ows omel i ghtont he per s pec t i ve t hat c l ai ms us t o be t he ‘ Mas t er s ’of t ec hnol ogyandhenc egi vesust hepowert odec i dehow f arandt owhatext entourl i vesc anbegover nedbyt he s ame.

Enj oy ment ,happi nes sorr ec r eat i on doesnotal way s meanl os i ngone’ ss el ft ol oudes thear tt humpi ngmus i c orr unni ng y ourfinger s overt he bes tt ouc hs c r een gadget s .Happi nes si nt het r ues ens ei sr eal i z i ng and ans wer i ngal lt hec al l sy ours oulmakest oy ouwhi l ey ou ar et oobus yl eadi ngt hedi gi t al i z edandt hes oc al l ed moder nl i f e.Themos ts uc c es s f ulpeopl ear et hos ewho havet hebes tr eal i z at i onoft hei rowns el f .Andt hi sc an beac hi evedbyal l owi ngy our s el fal i t t l et i met hati s( a) Awayf r om t he‘ nonl i vi ng’ and( b) Cl os ert ot hepeopl ei n y ourl i f e( apar tf r om t he f r i end l i s tt hatc r os s es a hundr eds ! )

Toc onveymydi l emmat hr oughas i mpl et houghtI woul d l i ket oputf or t haques t i on.Whatwoul dy oul i ket ogo bac kt oasmemor i eswheny out ur nal i t t l eol der ?Af ew emai l smar kedasf avor i t e;c hat ss avedont hememosof y ourphone; s c r eengr absandphot osony our‘ t hen’ bes t f r i end’ spr ofil e?Orwoul dy oupr ef ergoi ngbac kt ot he l et t er s ; r i c hwi t hnos t al gi at hatwoul dhavet ur nedy el l ow wi t ht i meandt hos evar i at i onsi ny ourhandwr i t i ngt hat woul dper f ec t l yr eflec twhaty ourf eel i ngsandemot i ons whi l e wr i t i ng t hos e wer e.‘ Di gi t al i z ed’memor i eswi l l c ar r yt hes ameal phabet sands t at i s t i c si nmuc hf as t er

4

Soasweat t emptt obr i nganedi t i onofPr ot oc ol wi t ht he bes thopest o pr ovi de al lt he i nf or mat i on aboutt he l at es tandmos ti mpor t antadvanc ement soft hedi gi t al wor l d,weal s ohopet hati twi l lbeus edi nac or r ec tand t hemos teffec t i veway .Awayi nwhi c hi twi l li mpr ove l i veswi t houtt aki ngt heel ement ar ymeani ngoutofi t ! -Pr i y ankaDal vi ( TEI T)

o t s e f ni -6|Ma Vol : ol oc ot Pr


I nt e r v i e w Adi t y a Modii sone oft he f ew s t udent s who make t hei r c ol l ege, t eac her s , f r i ends and f ami l y pr oud. Hi s vi br ant per s onal i t y r eflec t st hes uc c es shehas ac hi eved f r om y ear s ofs i nc er i t y ,dedi c at i on and hi s pas s i on f ort he wor k he does .“ Igotmy Bac hel or s Degr eei nI nf or mat i on Tec hnol ogyf r om D.J .Sanghvi Col l egeofEngi neer i ng.AndIc ompl et edmymas t er si n Comput erSc i enc ef r om t heUni ver s i t yofCal i f or ni a,L os Angel es ( UCL A) .Soon Il anded up as an i nt er n at L i nkedI n;abus i nes s or i ent eds oc i alnet wor ki ngs i t eand atpr es entIam att hepos i t i onofaSof t war eEngi neer ” Adi t y at ookt i meoutf r om hi sbus ys c hedul et os har ewi t h ushi sexper i enc esandt hought ss oast oenl i ght enusa l i t t l emor eaboutt hepat hst oas uc c es s f ulc ar eer .

J our neyToLi nkedi n Ic annow c l ai mt hatmyhar dwor khaspai doff.Is t ood s ec ond i n my engi neer i ng c ol l ege.Iwas an ac t i ve s t udentpr ogr ammerdur i ngmyc ol l egeday s .Iwr ot ea f ew pr ogr ammesf ort hec ol l egei nc l udi ngt heSAPI D pr ogr amme.Thec our s egavemeanoppor t uni t yt oget ani nt er ns hi pandt henIgotas s oc i at edt oL i nkedI n. Choos i ng pr ogr ammi ngasy ourpr of es s i on? Thefir s ty earopened t hedoor st o pr ogr ammi ng and gr abbedmyi nt er es t .Ihonedmys ki l l si nt hes ubj ec t .I s t ar t ed expl or i ng t he s ubj ec tofDat a St r uc t ur e and Al gor i t hm ( DSA) .Undert hegui danc eofourpr of es s or Mr sDeepal i ,Is t ar t edwr i t i ngs of t war epr ogr ammesf or t he c ol l ege. The exper i enc e of wr i t i ng s of t war e pr ogr ammeshel pedmei ndevel opi ngmypr ogr ammi ng and al gor i t hm s ki l l s .The c ol l ege now t akes var i ous i ni t i at i vest oi nt r oduc ec ompet i t i onsi nt hi sfiel d. I mpor t anc eofengi neer i ng? Onec annotl ear nEngl i s hwi t houtl ear ni ngt heal phabet s ABCD. Thet wol anguagesi . e. C++andJ avaar et hebas i c s ofpr ogr ammi ng. Knowi ngt hebas i cc onc ept swel lhel ps t oavoi dorr educ et hepr obl emst hatmi ghtar i s ei nt he f ur t her s t udi es . Pr ogr ammi ng demands a bal anc e

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|I nt e r v i e w

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6

-Kas hi fMemon( SEI T)

op5 -6|T Vol : ol oc ot Pr


FUTURETECH

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Thei nt er netgi anti ss ai dt obeaddi ngaphonet o i t sr ange ofKi ndl er eader s .Don' texpec tany r evol ut i onar y har dwar e butt he s of t war e wi l l al l ow s eaml es si nt egr at i on bet ween Amaz on' s Apps t or e, Amaz onMP3, Amaz onCl oudPl ay erand Ki ndl ebooks . I t ' sl i kel yt obec heap. Thi si sbec aus e Amaz oni sexpec t edt os ubs i di z et hec os toft he hands etand t he mont hl y pr i c e pl an us i ng t he r evenuef r om t hevas tamountofAmaz onmedi a, el ec t r oni c sandever y t hi ngel s ey ouar egoi ngt o pur c has e wi t hi t .I ti s al s o l i kel yt o c ome pr el oaded wi t habarc odes c anner ,whi c hwi l l poi ntouthow c heapever y t hi ngi sonAmaz on.

OUYA OUYAi sanew gami ngc ons ol ewhi c hwi l lbepower ed wi t hAndr oi d4. 2. Thec ons ol ewi l lc os t$99andwi l lbe

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|F ut ur eT e c h

-J as hAj mer a( SEI T)

7


FUTURETECH

Pr o j e c tGl a s s I nay earmar kedbypr ol i ficdevel opment si nt ec hnol ogy ,

t opogr aphy of any r egi on wi t h pi npoi nt ac c ur ac y ,

r i ghtf r om ar ealc ont r ol l abl ebi oni car m,t oac ur i ous l y

s t r ai ghti nt heey e!Sur geonsmi ghtbeabl et ous et he

beaut i f uli ndoorc l oud;Googl ehasmanagedt ohol di t s

s amet oo,al t houghi ti sunl i kel yt hegl as swi l lmeets uc h

ownwi t ht heannounc ementofPr oj ec tGl as s -Ar es ear c h

hi ghl ys pec i ficneedsi ni t sf or mat i ony ear s .

pr ogr am t hatai mst omas spr oduc eaugment edr eal i t y headmount eddi s pl ay s( HMDs ) . Wai t , what ? Augment edReal i t yi sanenhanc ed,mor edet ai l edvi ew oft het hi ngsar oundy ou. I ti saki nt ot heHUDopt i onsi n r ac i nggamest hatgi vey out hes peed,ac c el er at i on,r ear vi ew andavar i et yofot herdet ai l swhi l ey ouf oc uson dr i vi ngt hatc ar .TheGl as spr oj ec ti ss i mi l ar ,exc eptt hat i t ’ sr eal .Aheadmount eddi s pl aywi t haney epi ec et hat doubl esasami ni c omput er ;c apabl eoff eedi ngy oul i ve dat aofy ours ur r oundi ngsi nr ealt i me.Qui tdr ool i ng overBondandEt hanCar t er , t hef ut ur ei sher e!

Asi ft hatj us ti s n’ tgoodenough,Googl eXL abhasgone al lt hewayt o offeri nt er neti nt er ac t i on us i ng nat ur al l anguage voi c ec ommands .However ,t hi smi ghtj us t pr ovet obet hec ogi nt hewheel ,gi vent heabs enc eofa t r ul y i nf al l i bl e voi c e c ommand s y s t em, wi t h t he exc ept i on of Appl e’ s Si r ihavi ng gai ned moder at e s uc c es s .How wel lGoogl emanagest oi mpl ementt hi s wi l lbec r uc i alt oc ons ol i dat ePr oj ec tGl as s ’ si mageasa t r ul ypat hbr eaki ngpr oduc tus i ngt ec hnol ogy ,t hati s n’ t i nanywaynew.

Themi ni mal i s t i cdes i gnmakest hegl as sl ooks t unni ng. A s ubt l eal umi ni um s t r i pwi t ht wonos epadsandt heHUD r i ghti npl ac eofaney epi ec e,gi vet hewear erani ns t ant ai r ofi mpor t anc e.Fut ur e gl as s es may have HUDs

Butonewayorot her ,t heSi l i c onVal l eygi ants t andst o

i nt egr at edi nt hewear er ’ sgl as s esi t s el f ,whi c hi squi t e

benefitf r om t hel ac kofc ompet i t or si nt hi smar ket .The

enought owagt onguesal lar ound.What ’ smor ei st hat

devi c ei sexpec t edt ober el eas edf ordevel oper si near l y

t hewhol es y s t em wi l lbebui l tar ound Googl e’ sown

201 3,ands hal lbemadeavai l abl ef orc ons umer say ear

Andr oi dOS,dr aggi ngwi t hi tt hef ami l i arAndr oi df eel .

l at er .Thei nt r oduc t or yDevel oper ’ sedi t i oni ss etf ora

Qui t el i t er al l y ,i t ’ sl i keas mar t phoner i ghti ny ourey e

r et ai lpr i c eof$1 500USD. Fanc yt hat !

whi c hbr i ngsi naugment edr eal i t y . The HUD i s des i gned t o pr oduc ei nf or mat i on i na s mar t phonel i kef or mat .Thi si ns t ant l ybr i ngst omi nd t heFi r s t per s ons hoot ergamesofol d,manyofwhi c h i nc l udedi ngameaugment edr eal i t ydi s pl ay st opr ovi de af ut ur i s t i cai r .Ani nnovat i ons uc hast hi shasi mmens e mi l i t ar yaswel lasmedi c alappl i c at i ons .At eam ofar my menneedn’ tus ebul kygadget s ,buts i mpl yobt ai nt he

8

-Pr at i kMeht a( SECOMPS)

h c e eT ur ut -6|F Vol : ol oc ot Pr


FUTURETECH

Bi o ni cAr m Si nc eet er ni t y , manki ndhasbeenr es ear c hi ngf orper f ec t

butunf or t unat el y ,t het ec hni quehasnotevol vedmuc h

heal t h,al l heal i ngher b:s anj eevni ,et c .Whi c hhasbeen

s i ns et hen, and advanc e el ec t r i c al pr os t het i s ar e

t hedr i vi ngf or c ei nmedi c i nalr es ear c h.Ands i nc et he

avai l abl e,butt hei rf unc t i oni ngi sl i l mi t ed,bec aus et hey

es c al at i onofwar ,di ffer entgover nmenshaveal s obeen

ar edi ffi c ul tt oc ont r ol ,unc omf or t abl e, &r equi r el otof

r es ear c hi ngmet hodst omi ni mi z ec ol l at er al ,& t ot r yt o

pr epr ogr ammi ng.

gi vet hei rdi s abl eds ol di er sa2ndl eas eatl i f e.Forwhi c h aver yhi ghamountofmoneyi ss pentever yy earonR&D i ni nt egr at edbi oni c s . Thos epeopl ewhohavel os tal eg,c anus ec r unc hes,i n s ome c as es J ai purFoot( l i ke f amous danc erSudha Bal akr i s hnan) , and i f ec onomi c al l y f eas i bl e, a mec hani c all eg ( us ed bymanypar al y mpi an at hl et es ) . Butf ort hos ewhohavel os tanar m,di dnothaveany s uc hs ubs t i t ut es .Butal lt hi sc ans oonbeas t or yoft he pas t .

Thi sPr oj ec ti nvol vesapr oc es sc al l edOs s eoi nt egr at i on, whi c hanc hor st hepr os t het i c sdi r ec t l yt ot hes kel et on. Thi s oper at i on wi l lc ons i s t of pl ac i ng neur al and mus c ul arel ec t r odesont hepat i ent ’ ss t umps ,aswel las

Thewor l ds1 s tt houghtc ont r ol l edi mpl ant abl er obot i c ar mi sbei ngdevel opedbyMaxCat al an,r es ear c herat Chal mer sUni ver s i t y .Thi st ec hnol ogyhel psamput eesi n c ont r ol l i ngt hemec hani c al ar m, muc hl i keanor mal ar m. I nt hi st ec hni que t he mec hani c alar m i si mpl ant ed di r ec t l yi nt oner ves&r emai ni ngmus c l es .

pl ac i ngt hebi di r ec t i onali nt er f ac esi nt ot hehumanbody . Theel ec t r i c ali mpul s esf r om t hener vesi nt hear m ar e c apt ur edbyaneur ali nt er f ac e, whi c hi st hens endt ot he pr os t hes i s ,whi c ht henwor ksl i keanor malhandThe1 s t oper at i oni sgoi ngt obec ar r i edoutt hi swi nt er &t he1 s t vol unt eer swi l lgett hei rl i mbsby201 3. ( Agl i mps eoft hi s t ec hnol ogywass eeni nWi l lSmi t hi nt hemovi ei Robot ) Al s o wi t hal i t t l e modi fic at i on i nt he t ec hnol ogy , pr os t het i cl egswi t hf ul l yf unc t i onalfinger sc anal s obe devel oped,r es ear c honwhi c hhasal r eadys t ar t ed.Eac h amput eei sdi ffer ent ,s oi nt egr at i onwi l lbedi ffi c ul tt o ac hi vebutnoti mpos s i bl e. -Vi vekSanghavi J ai n( SECOMPS)

El ec t r c al l yc ont r ol l edpr os t het i c shavebeens i nc e1 960s

L o goQui z

Ans wer s( L ef tt oRi ght )-At ar i , Ci s c o, Ubi s of t , AMD&Gnome)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|F ut ur eT e c h

9


FUTURETECH

Mi ndRe a d i ng Ac anadi anmanSc ot tRout el ywasl ef twi t hs ever ebr ai n

c ommuni c at ewi t hhi sf ami l y& hast ol dhi sf ami l y ,t hat

damageaf t erac arc r as h1 2y ear sago. Al t houghhi sey es

hei snoti nanypai n.

c oul dopen,andhi sbodyf ol l owednor mals l eep/ wake c y c l ebutal lt het es t ss howedt hathehadnoper c ept i on

Ther ewasanot hert eam ofDoc t or s& Hos pi t al sata

ofhi m ort he out s i de wor l d,and t hathe was i na

pr i vat er es ear c hc ent r ei nUS,t hatwor kedonac as e,

veget at i ves t at e.

wher e a mac hi ne s i mi l art o an MRImac hi ne,was modi fieds uc h,t hati tc oul dc onver tt hought s ,i nt oc r ude

Us i ngs omenew t ec hni quesi nhi sr es ear c h,Dr .Adr i an

ornegat i vel i kei mages .

Owen Res ear c h Team L eaderoft he Br ai n and Mi nd I ns t i t ut eofWes t er nOnt ar i os t at edt hatt heMRI mac hi ne wi t haf ew modi fic at i onsc oul dbeus edt odec i phert he br ai nwavesofSc ot tandfindoutwhet herhehadany awar enes s ,bygi vi nghi mc er t ai ni ns t r uc t i ons ,andt hen c hec ki ng t heMRImac hi nef oranyBr ai n Ac t i vi t y .Hi s par ent s wer ec onvi nc ed t hathe was c ons c i ous and t r y i ngt or es pondbymovi nghi st humb, butmedi c al s t aff di dn' tbel i evet hem. Wi t hal i t t l e mor er es ear c h,t hi s mi ghtbec ome t he bi gges tr evol ut i oni nmedi c i ne& t ec hnol ogyi nt h21 s t c ent ur y . Al t hought hi sdevi c ehast r emendousappl i c at i onsnot onl yi nmedi c al ,buti ns ever alot herfiel ds ,i tc anal s obe gr avel ymi s us ed,whi c hi soneoft hemai nr eas onsf or t hi sgr eatdi s c over ynotbei ngmadet oopubl i c . Suc hadevi c ec anbeus edt os t eal s ec r et s , anddat af r om Sc ot twasi ns t r uc t edt oi magi nepl ay i ngt enni sf or‘ No’ &

aper s on’ sheadl i kes howedi nt hemovi eI nc ept i on.But

wal ki ngi nhi shous ef or‘ Yes ’ ,f oranyques t i onsas ked.

l ooki ngatt hebr i ghts i demanypeopl ewhodi ebyl i vi ng

Readi ngsont hemac hi near edec i pher edbas edont he

s uc hal i f ec anbegi vennew l i f e.

bl oodflow pat t er ni ndi ffer entpar t soft heBr ai noft he pat i ent . Ands i nc et henhehasbeenabl et ous ehi st hought st o

-Vi vekSanghvi J ai n( SECOMPS)

Ha c k a bl eI ns ul i nPumps

10

h c e eT ur ut -6|F Vol : ol oc ot Pr


GADGETS

Bo unc eI ma gi ng TwoMI Ts t udent s,Fr anc i s c oAgui l arandDaveYoung

Ther ear eot herdevi c esal s ot oper f or m as i mi l art as kl i ke

c ameup wi t ht hei deaofac r i c ketbal ls i z ed s l i ght l y

t heFi r s t L ookRobotwhi c hi sver yc os t l y , &c ompar at i vel y

damager es i s t antor bc apabl eofc l i c ki ng360°pi c swi t h

c ompl i c at ed t o oper at e,henc et hi sdevi c e offer st he

6s mal l c amer asi nt egr at edi nt heor b. I tal s ohass ens or s

opt i on,ofeas i l ys c out i nganar eawhi c hmi ghtbel i f e

enabl i ngi tt odet ec tai rqual i t y , t emper at ur e&r adi at i on.

t hr eat eni ngt odi r ec t l yent er .

Ast hi st hr owabl edevi c ec anr el aypanor ami ci magest o

Googl e’ smobi l eOSAndr oi d4. 2al s omakesus eoft hi s

l etfir s tr es ponder sors ol di er sknowwhatt hey ’ r eget t i ng

t y peofi magi ngandhasnamedi tasPhot oSpher e.I t

i nt o.I ti s al s ot er med as a l ow c os ts ens orf or1 s t

al l owsus er st ot ake360degr eepanar omi ci mages .The

r es ponder s .

r earc amer ai sonl yus ed.

The di ffer enc e bet ween t he Andr oi d ver s i on and t he ac t ualdevi c ei st hatt heAndr oi d devi c ei swi t hmany peopl eandus er swi l lgett hef eat ur ewi t hj us tas i mpl e updat e.Butt hedevi c ec anbeus edi npl ac eswher et he phonec annotbeus ed.Evenatt hei magequal i t yt he Thi sdevi c ewasmadepr i mar i l yt o hel p fir efight er s&

Andr oi ddevi c ewi l l benomat c ht ot heac t ual devi c e. The

c opst opr ovi det hem wi t hanac c ur at e&as af epi c t ur et o

devi c eal s ohasanupperhandbec aus eoft hemul t i pl e

c ar r youtr es c ueoper at i onsi nabur ni ngbui l di ng,i na

c amer as .

hos t ages i t uat i onori nabui l di ngl evel edbyear t hquake. Youc aneas i l yt os st hebal li nt ot her equi r edar ea,& i t

Pr i c edat$500,t hi sdevi c ei sgoi ngt ober el eas edt hi s

wi r el es s l ys endst her eadi ngs&t her ec or dedpi c t ur est o

y ear ,Thedevi c ehasr ec ei vedl otoff undi ngands uppor t

amobi l edevi c el oc at ednear by .

f r om manypol i c eandfir edepar t ment si nt heUS.

Fi r s tr es ponder sandmi l i t ar yper s onnel sr epeat edl yput t hems el vesi nhar mswayt os c outoutpl ac esofi nt er es t .

-Vi vekSanghvi J ai n( SECOMPS)

pos s i bl ef orhac ki ng.I ti sal s obel i evedt hati nt er c ept i ngwi r el es ss i gnal sandbr oadc as t i ngas t r onger s i gnalt oc hanget her eadi ngi noft hemoni t or i ngdevi c ec anc aus ec hangest ot hedos eoft heper s on. Al s ot hi sc oul dbedoneevenf r om adi s t anc eofl i keaf ew hundr edf eet .Andonc et hes es et t i ngar e t amper edt heyf or c et hepumpst or el eas enewquant i t i esofi ns ul i nt husc apabl eofi ns t antdeat h!Wi t h hac ki ngofwi r el es sdevi c est aki ngqui c ks t r i desi tmaynotbef art hatt hi st ec hnol ogi c al br i l l i anc ec oul d f al li nt ot hewr onghandsandr es ul ti nc at as t r ophi ceffec t s . Thel i ves avi ngdevi c esar ebei ngus edt odoj us tt heoppos i t e!I ti st i meweal lgetc aut i ousandmake ever ypos s i bl eeffor tt onotl ett hes emi s us esr educ et hei mpor t anc eofs uc hbr i l l i antt ec hnol ogi es . -Pr ahal adPr abhakar( SEI T)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|Ga dg e t s

11


GADGETS

L e a pMo t i o n L eapMot i oni sanadvanc edmot i ons ens i ngt ec hnol ogy

Al loft hepr oc es s i ngneededf orges t ur et r ac ki ngi sdone

t hats eekst o makei nt er ac t i onwi t hc omput er sbet t er

byt hedr i vers of t war ei ns t al l edonaus er ’ sc omput er .

andmor enat ur alandi nt ui t i ve. TheL eapMot i onc ont r ol l erl ookst odoawaywi t ht he s t andar dkey boar dandmous et ec hnol ogyandr epl ac ei t wi t hi nt ui t i veges t ur ec ont r ol .Whet hery ou’ r eonaMac orPC,now y ouc anc l i c k,gr ab,s c r ol landpi nc h,us i ng onl yy ourhands . 3D ges t ur ec ont r olhasl ongbeeni magi nedandnow,i t hasmadei t swayoutofs c i enc efic t i ont or eall i f e.L eap Mot i onwi l lopendoor st oanew ageofc omput i ngand

L eap Mot i on' ss y s t em i savai l abl et o pr eor derf ora

t r ans f or m humanc omput er i nt er ac t i on l i ke never

mer eUS$69. 99andwi l lpl ayni c ewi t hei t herWi ndows

bef or e.

orMac .

Pl ay i ngAngr yBi r dsony ourt ouc hs c r eens mar t phonei s s ol as ty ear .Now y ouc anpl ayi tt ouc hf r eewi t hy our nat ur alhandmovement si nt heai r .

J us tc onnec tt hi si Pods i z eddevi c eandi ns t ant l yget8 c ubi cf eetofawes ome,i nt ui t i ve,3D i nt er ac t i ons pac e. L eapMot i oni sac l eari ndi c at i ont hati twant st ogi ve s omer ealt ouc hc ompet i t i ont o gami ng c ons ol esl i ke XboxKi nec t , Wi i U, et c . L eapMot i oni sanupc omi ngmot i ons ens i ngpl at f or m t hatai mst ol ety out y pe,c l i c k,s c r ol l ,dr aw,s hootand

GetSt ar t ed

al mos tany t hi ngy ouc andoonac omput erwi t ht hewave ofafinger .

1

Pl ugt hel eapmot i onc ont r ol l er t oUSBpor t

2

Loadt heLeapMot i on s of t war e.

3

Opent hes of t war eand doaqui c kc al i ber at i on.

TheL eapMot i onCont r ol l eri sat woi nc hs ens ort haty ou pl ac ei nf r ontofy ourl apt op/ des kt op key boar d.The bl ac kgl as sont heL eap’ suppers i dehi dest wos mal l c amer asandahandf ulofi nf r ar edL EDs ,whi c ht r ac kt he mot i on ofa per s on’ s finger st o an ac c ur ac y ofa hundr edt h of a mi l l i met er . Mi nut e movement s of i ndi vi dualfinger sc anbemapped.Us i ngL eapMot i on enabl eds of t war e, t hec ont r ol l erc r eat esa3Di nt er ac t i on s pac ei ns i dewhi c hi tt r ac kshandsandfinger saswel las t ool ss uc haspenc i l sver yac c ur at el yand mapst hem ac c or di ngl yont hes c r een.

12

-Pr i y ankaKul kar ni ( SEI T)

s t e dg -6|Ga Vol : ol oc ot Pr


YourGat ewayt oI nt er nat i onalEducat i on " F ort hos ewhogi veusanoppor t uni t yt os er vet hem,wepr ovi deanexper i encet hati st r ul y f ul f i l l i ng.F orours t udent sandt hei rpar ent swegener at eval uet hatl eavest hem wi t ha f eel i ngofj oyandcont ent ment . "

Wi t h mor et han 15 year sof exper i ence KI C educat i on has been coachi ng & t udent sf ort he couns el i ng s

GRE,GMAT ,SAT ,T OEF L& C Educat i on i s I EL T S. KI

s econd t o none when i t comest o pr epar i ng you f or yourt es t . •Ski l l -bas edt eachi ngappr oacht hatl eadst omas t er y •Acces st ot hous andsofonl i nepr act i ceques t i ons& vi deos ol ut i ons . •Per s onalcouns el oras s i gnedt oeachs t udent . •Smal lbat chs i z esr es ul t i ngi nmor eper s onal i z edat t ent i on. •Onl i nes cor emoni t or i ngpr ogr am t ot r ackyourpr ogr es s . www. ki ceducat i on. com Andher i :( 022)67104089

Bandr a:( 022)66994827

Ghat kopar :( 022)25010048


GADGETS

Ma k e rBo tRe pl i c a t o r2 I magi ne a f ut ur e when a devi c ec onnec t ed t oy our

I ts uppor t sWi ndowsXPand7,MacOSX,andnewer

c omput erc anpr i ntaphy s i c als ol i dobj ec t .Al t hought hi s

ver s i onsofUbunt u.Thi spr ovesasabi gpl uspoi ntasi t

s eemsr at herf ar f et c hed,t hi st ec hnol ogyac t ual l yexi s t s

hasc r os spl at f or ms uppor t .

andi snow avai l abl et opur c has ei ns t or es . New Yor kbas ed3Dpr i nt ermanuf ac t ur erMaker Bothas advanc ed t he phenomenon of3D pr i nt i ng wi t ht he l aunc hoft heRepl i c at or2. Feat ur i nga1 00mi c r onl ay err es ol ut i on,whi c hi sabout ast hi nasas heetofc opypaper ,t heRepl i c at or2i st he c ompany ' shi ghes tr es ol ut i onpr i nt ery et .TheRepl i c at or 2boas t sas l eekf ut ur i s t i cdes i gnwi t hanal l bl ac ks heet met alf r ame. I sa f as t erand s t r onger3D pr i nt er ,wi t h bet t er ti pr oduc t st hatar ebui l ton Maker Bot ' s" PL A mat er i al . "

TheRepl i c at or2i si deal f ort hedes kt opofapr of es s i onal

Thi sr enewabl emat er i ali smadef r om c or nandl eadst o

engi neer ,y et eas y enough f or any body wi t h an

s moot herobj ec t st hatar el es spr onet oc r ac ki ng.

i magi nat i ont ous e.

TheRepl i c at or2i sbei ngmar ket edasa3Dpr i nt erf ort he

Whatwasonc eaver yni c he,pr of es s i onal s onl yvent ur e

“ pr os umer ” , t heuni onoft hepr oduc erandt hec ons umer .

i sbec omi ngeverc l os ert oac ons umer l eveli ndus t r y .

Thewi des pr eadadopt i onofRepl i c at or2byengi neer s

I tmakesaf ut ur ewher e3D pr i nt er sar easc ommonas

andj us thobby i s t sal i kedependsonwhet herMaker Bot

c omput er ss eem nots of araway .

s uc c eedsi nbr i ngi ngt her efinementandc apabi l i t i esof t he newer model si nt o a mor ec ons umer or i ent ed

Vi deo-ht t p: / / goo. gl / OSCEi

pr oduc ti nt henearf ut ur e. The goalf ormor ec ons umerappeali s appar enti n Maker Bot ' s new Maker War e 3D pr i nt i ng s of t war e. Maker Bots ay si thasi mpr ovedt hes peedatwhi c ht he s of t war epr epar esobj ec tdes i gnsf or3Dpr i nt i ng,andi n

$21 99

gener almade i ts i mpl erand eas i er t ous et han t he pr evi ousver s i on.

14

-Pr i y ankaKul kar ni ( SEI T)

s t e dg -6|Ga Vol : ol oc ot Pr


HARDWARE

NV I DI AT e gr a4 Nvi di a has i nt r oduc ed t he wor l d f as t es t mobi l e

TheComput at i onalPhot ogr aphyAr c hi t ec t ur ei ns i det he

pr oc es s ori . e.NVI DI A Tegr a4.I ti sa28nm c hi pwi t h

Tegr a 4,aut omat i c al l y del i ver s hi gh dy nami cr ange

r ec or ds et t i ngper f or manc eandbat t er yl i f et opower

( HDR)phot osandvi deobyf us i ngt hepowerofGPU,

s mar t phones ,t abl et s ,gami ngdevi c es ,PCs ,navi gat i on

CPU and t he c amer a’ si mage pr oc es s or .The HDR

s y s t emsandaut oi nf ot ai nment .

i magest aken wi t h and wi t houtflas h pr ovi de hi gher det ai l si nt hedar kaswel lasbr i ghtar eas .

Tegr a 4 offer s exc ept i onalgr aphi c s pr oc es s i ng and l i ght ni ng f as t web br ows i ng. I t adds on t o t he c apabi l i t i es of t he c amer at hr ough c omput at i onal phot ogr aphy . Tegr a 4 wasc odenamed asWay ne and f eat ur es72 c us t om NVI DI AGeFor c eGPUc or eswhi c hi sequi val ent t o6t i met hehor s epowerofTegr a3.Thi sbr i ngsi n r eal i s t i c gami ng exper i enc e and s uppor tf orhi gher r es ol ut i ondi s pl ay sasl ar geas4K.I ti sal s opower edby t he wor l d’ s fir s t quad c or e ARM Cor t ex A1 5 CPU

Tegr a4i spac kedwi t hl otoft hi ngsands oi ti ses s ent i al

ar c hi t ec t ur e.

t hati thasbat t er ys avi ngc apabi l i t i es .Ther ef or ei tal s o i nc l udest hes ec ondgener at i onbat t er ys averc or ef or l ow powerc ons umpt i onandi tmakesus eofPRI SM 2 di s pl ay t ec hnol ogy t or educ e bac kl i ghtpowerwhi l e del i ver i ng s uper i orqual i t yvi s ual s .Tegr a4 c ons umes 45% l es spowert hanTegr a3andenabl esupt o1 4hour s ofHDvi deopl ay bac konphones .

Tegr a4s uppor t swor l dwi deL TEvoi c eanddat at hr ough anopt i onalc hi pnamedfif t hgener at i onNVI DI AI c er a i 500 pr oc es s or .I tdel i ver s4 t i mes t he pr oc es s i ng c apabi l i t yofi t spr edec es s orandi sj us t40% t hes i z eof c onvent i onalmodems .

The NVI DI A Tegr a4 i sUSB 3. 0c ompat i bl e and c an enc ode and dec ode vi deosofr es ol ut i on ashi gh as 2560x1 440. I ti nc l udesVP8ac c el er at i on. Wear es eei ngupgr adesc omi ngt oc ont entar eawher e ever yt el evi s i on i sget t i ng upgr aded t os uppor tUl t r a Hi ghDefini t i oni . e.4K.Tegr a4s uppor t s4Kandhi nt s t hatwewi l ls oonget4Kr eadyc ont entf orvi ewi ngl i ke TVc hannel s . NVI DI ATegr a4wi l l gi vet oughc ompet i t i on t oAppl e’ sandSams ung’ snextgener at i onpr oc es s or . -Nay anSet h( SECOMPS)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -5|Ha r dwa r e

15


HARDWARE

F us i o nDr i v e Fus i onDr i vei sahy br i ds t or agewhi c hc ombi neshi gh

Formaki ngpar t i t i onst hepr ei ns t al l edDi s kUt i l i t yc an

s t or age c apac i t y oft r adi t i onalhar d dr i ve wi t h hi gh

onl ybeus ed. Par t i t i onsc anbec r eat edt ol oadWi ndows

per f or manc eflas hdr i ve( knownt ousasSSD) .Al lt he

t oobuti ti si mpor t antt ous eBootCampAs s i s t antf or

di s ki nt ens i ve apps and t as ks f r om boot i ng up t o

Wi ndowspar t i t i on.

l aunc hi ngappsi sf as t erandmor eeffi c i ent . TheAppl eFus i onDr i vec omesi n2model s . Onei nc l udes Al lt hef r equent l yus edi t emsar ekeptr eadyont heflas h

1 28GBSSD +1TBHDD whi c hi savai l abl ef orMacMi ni

s t or ageof1 28GBwhi l el es sf r equent l yus edi t emsgot o

andl at e201 2i Mac27i nc h.Thes ec ondmodeli nc l udes

t het r adi t i onalhar ddr i ve.

1 28GBSSD+3TBofHDDwhi c hi savai l abl ef oronl yf or t hel at e201 2i Mac27i nc h. TheFus i onDr i vei sc ur r ent l yavai l abl eonl yf orMacMi ni andi Macwhi c hi snotgoodasus er sofMac BookPr oand Mac BookAi rhavebeenl ef tout .Buti thashappened ear l i erandAppl ewant st or epeatt hehi s t or y .I ts eems Appl ewi l lbr i ng Fus i on Dr i veasan upgr adef ornext gener at i on Mac BookPr o and Mac BookAi r .Theyar e expec t edt oar r i vemi d201 3.

Theper f or manc edoubl es .Appl eMacOSXi sver ygood athandl i ngmul t i pl eappsandopeni nghugebunc hof appson s y s t em equi pped wi t h Fus i on Dr i ve i seven f as t er .I nt ens i veRAM us i ngappsl i keAdobes of t war es , Fi nalCutPr oX, i Phot o, et cwor kl i keac har m. Theover al l RAM managementi sal s owaybet t ert hanc onvent i onal s y s t ems . Pl ay i ngvi deosofhi gherr es ol ut i onwi l l al s onot br i nguponmuc hl oadt ot hepr oc es s orasi tus edt obr i ng i nt heol ds y s t ems . Ther eadand wr i t es peedal s oi mpr ovesupt o3. 5t i mes i t spr edec es s or .Thi si sani ndi c at i ont hatt hefil esget ac c es s edmuc hf as t erf r om t hemai nmemor yaswel las t hec ac hememor y . The Fus i on Dr i ve c omes pr ec onfigur ed.However ext er naldr i vesc annotbeus edwi t ht heFus i onDr i ve. Thehar ddr i vec anbepar t i t i onedi nt ot wodr i vesandt he flas hs t or age c annotbe par t i t i oned.The addi t i onal par t i t i onc r eat edi snotapar toft heFus i onDr i ve.

Appl e hasbeen t r y i ng har dt o make r ead and wr i t e s peedsf as t ers i nc et hel aunc hoft hei rphoneandt abl et s . Thephoneandt abl etc omeswi t haflas hs t or agebutf or t hedes kt ops ,Appl ehasdec i dedt hatFus i onDr i vei st he s ol ut i on. SSD’ sar es t i l lqui t ec os t l yandi nt henearf ut ur ewhen wes eei t spr i c egoi ngdown,Appl emi ghtwantus er st o s wi t c ht oFl as hDr i vesc ompl et el y .Seei ngt hepr ogr es s ofUSB3. 0atCES201 3,i ts eemswemi ghthaves ome hi ghs peeddr i vesawai t i ngi nnearf ut ur e.

Appl ehast hi sc l os edappr oc ht owar dsi t spr oduc t sand by notal l owi ng t he ext er naldr i ves t o bec ome an i nt egr alpar toft heFus i onDr i vei sabi gdi s appoi nt ment f ordevel oper s .

16

-Nay anSet h( SECOMPS)

e r dwa r -6|Ha Vol : ol oc ot Pr


SECURI TY

T e c hno l o gy ’ sDa r kS i d e Af t err eadi nghundr edsofs t or i esofphi s hi ng,hac ki ng

t hekey pad' sdes i gnandfitoveri tl i keagl ove.Yes !A

andmal war eoneevent ual l yl ear nst hei mpor t anc eof

key padovery ournor malkey padt ogetPI N!Henc ei f

ant ivi r us es and t r i es t o keep per s onaldat as af e.

y ou not i c et hatt he key pad on y ourATM s eemst o

Howevert hes ear enott heonl yway sy ourper s onal dat a

pr ot r udeoddl yf r om t hes ur f ac eoranys uc hanomal i es ,

c oul d beac c es s ed.Wel ly ouc oul ds ayt hes ear et he

bewar eandr epor tt hem.Ori fy ous pyanoddc ol our

mos tel ement ar yway s !Br ac ey our s el fast hef ol l owi ng

c hangebet ween t hepad and t her es toft heATM,i t

devi c eswi l ls ur el yl eavey ouwonder i ngi fy ourper s onal

c oul dbeaf ake! !

dat ai sr eal l ys af e!

Radi oFr equenc yI dent i fic at i on ATM Ski mmer s RFI Dc hi psar et i nydevi c est hatc ont ai ni nf or mat i on Thes e ar er ogue devi c es whi c h ar e us ed t o obt ai n

aboutt heobj ec tt heyar eat t ac hedt o,whi c hmayr ange

i nf or mat i on f r om

c ar ds . They ar e

f r om an I D c ar d c ont ai ni ng per s onal medi c al

pr ogr ammed t or ead and r ec or dy ourbank c ar d' s

i nf or mat i ont oac ar keyf obandal s ot oac r edi tc ar d!

magnet i cs t r i pandt henpas st hedat aont oc r i mi nal s .

Thes e RFI D c hi ps / t ags have el ec t r oni c al l ys t or ed

Theyar epl ac eddi r ec t l yovert hec ar ds l ot .

i nf or mat i onoft hei t em i nwhi c ht heyar eembedded.

y our ATM

Maki ngc ommuni c at i onwi t ht hem i sc hi l d' spl ay !Al s o Ski mmi nggener al l yhas2c omponent s .Onewhent he

t hey don' tr equi r e any power s our c e as t hey ar e

c ar di s pl ac ed us i ng el ec t r oni c devi c es ,t he c ar d' s

power ed byt he near es tr ec ei ver .Hac ker sc l ai mt hat

magnet i cs t r i pi sr ec or ded and s t or ed.Thi sal one i s

RFI Di nf or mat i onc aneas i l ybeac c es s ed,er as ed and

howeverofnous east heATM' sPI N noi sal s or equi r ed

overwr i t t enwi t heas e.

t o ac c es st hemoneyi ny ourac c ount .Fort hi s ,at i ny hi ddenc amer ai sof t enus ed.Mos tof t ens pyc amer as

Al lt hi s pr oc es sr equi r es i s maki ng a s c annerand

ar epos i t i onedt ogetac l earvi ew oft hekey padand

c ar r y i ngi tar oundt hear t i c l ewhos edat ai sr equi r edt o

r ec or dal lt heATM' sPI N ac t i on.Api nhol eoroffc ol our

beac c es s ed.Ast hes c annerappr oac hest hear t i c l ei t

pi ec eofpl as t i cc oul d gi veawayt hec amer a' shi di ng

s endsouts omes i gnalt ot hedes i r edobj ec t( t heRFI D

pl ac e.Somet i mesc amer asc oul d even be hi dden i n

c hi p)whi c hi nt ur nr es pondsbys endi ngt hei nf or mat i on

br oc hur er ac k.

i tc ont ai ns .Thes c annert henr ec or dst hi si nf or mat i on andt r ans f er si tt ot hedes i r edl apt opus i ngas i mpl eUSB c abl e.Ther ey ou have i tal lt he i nf or mat i on us i ng a s i mpl ec l oner / s c anner whi c hc an be made us i ng mat er i al swor t h $20.L uc ki l yf orust he RFI Dc an be enc r y pt edandt husbepr ot ec t ed.

Okay ! Youwoul dar guet hatt hec amer at aki ngi magesof t hepi nmaybet oof ar f et c hed.Thes ec onmenhaven' t

Howevert het ec hnol ogyi sr el at i vel ynew andhasbeen

wai t edl ong.Theyhavei nt r oduc ednew way sofget t i ng

f ound t o be us ed i nc ount r i es l i ke Mal ay s i a and

y ourPI N.J us tl i ket hec ar ds ki mmer sfitovert heATM' s

Aus t r al i a.

t r uec ar ds l ot , s ki mmi ngkey padsar edes i gnedt omi mi c -Pr ahal adPr abhakar( SEI T)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -5|S e c ur i t y

17


SECURI TY

T i psT oKe e pPhi s hi ngAwa y TheWor l dWi deWebi sj us tl i keanenc y c l opedi awhi c h

t heEmai landi fy our ec ei vedi tonSMSt henc ont ac t

hasans wer st oal mos tal l ourques t i ons . Youneverknow

y ourbankt oc hec kt hes t at us .

whenavi r us ,s py war e,oraTr oj anmi ghts neakupon y ou,orwheny oumi ghtf al lf oroneoft hos eper s onal

Char i t ySc ams

dat ar obbi ngs c ams . Whenevery ouhearaboutanat ur aldi s as t erandgl obal Ec ommer c ei ss eei ng huge gr owt h and s oi sc y ber

heal t hi s s uesi nvol vi nghel pl es sc hi l dr en,y ouwi s hy ou

c r i mes .Mos toft hes eec ommer c ewebs i t esar ehac ked

c oul d do s omet hi ng t o hel p out .Whi l et her e ar e

t ogetourc r edi tc ar dordebi tc ar ddet ai l s . Eveni nt er net

r eput abl eor gani z at i onst hatgat herdonat i ons , t her ear e

s ec ur i t yt ec hnol ogi esl i keSSL ,TSL ,Ant i vi r uspr ogr ams

al s oc y berc r ookswhowantt ot akeadvant ageofy our

ar enotenought okeepuss ec ur e.New t ec hni quest o

gener os i t y .They s end emai l sorpos thear t br eaki ng

hac kourdat ac omeupever ydayandmanyoft hes e

mes s ages on onl i ne f or ums ,as ki ng y ou t o donat e

t ec hni quesar er el at edt oPhi s hi ng.Bel ow ar es omet i ps

moneyt oar eput abl ec har i t y .Mor eovereveneduc at ed

t opr eventy our s el ff r om get t i nghac kedduet ophi s hi ng.

peopl es har es t uffl i ket hi sknowi ngt hati tmaybef ake. When y ouc l i c kon t hel i nky ougo t o aphi s hi ng s i t e

Unr eal i s t i cOffer sOnWebs i t es

wher ey ou’ r et r i c kedi nt ogi vi ngawayy ourc r edi tc ar d det ai l s .Avoi dc l i c ki ngont hes el i nksort r yt ogets ome

I fy ou evers ee an ad on webs i t esl i ke a FREE gi f t

mor ei nf or mat i onont hemat t erandt henc l i c kont he

c er t i fic at e,J oboffer s ,offer sr el at i ngt omoney ,t henj us t

l i nk.Eveni fy ouc l i c kont hel i nkt henj us tc hec kt heI P

STOP.Thes eunr eal i s t i coffer sonwebs i t esar emeantt o

Addr es soft hewebs i t eandc hec kwhet heri ti sl i nkedt o

c ompr omi s ey our i nt er net s ec ur i t y .They ’ r e us ual l y

apr operwel lknowndomai n.Al s oc hec kwhet heri thas

s ur vey spr omot edbyphi s her swhowanty out ofil li nan

SSLs ec ur i t yenabl edornot .

onl i nes ur veywi t hy ourac c ountc r edent i al sandot her per s onaldet ai l swhi c hi nc l udesc r edi tc ar dnumber s .I n exc hange, y ou’ l ls uppos edl yr ec ei vet hepr omi s edi t ems . Butaf t ery ougi veawayy ourdet ai l s ,t hei t emsy ouwer e pr omi s edwi l lneverr eac hy ou. Avoi dc l i c ki ngs uc hads .

FakeSof t war es Manyat i meswes eeadver t i s ement swhi c hs ayc l eanal l t hevi r us esony ourPCf orf r eeors omeot hers of t war e r el at edadver t i s ement s .Mos toft het i met heyar ef ake

FakeWar ni ngsFr om Bank

andweendupdownl oadi ngt hes of t war ewhi c ht ur ns outt obeamal war eoravi r us . Avoi ddownl oadi ngt hes e

Manyat i mesy oumayr ec ei veSMSoremai lr egar di ng

s of t war esordoabac kgr oundc hec koft heappbef or e

y ourbankac c ounts ay i ngy ourc r edi tc ar dhasexpi r ed

downl oadi ng. Tr yAdbl oc kpl ugi nony ourbr ows er .

andur gi ngy out ohandoverbanki ngdet ai l s . Mos toft he t i mest hes ear es c ams . Toavoi dt hi sc hec kt heheader si n

18

-J as hAj mer a( SEI T)

y t i ur c e -6|S Vol : ol oc ot Pr


SOFTWARE

Pho neBa c k up Mos tmobi l es ubs c r i ber ss t or ei mpor t antper s onaldat a

l abelweb us er i nt er f ac e.Bui l t on t he l at es t Web

ont hei rhands et s . I nt heevantt hataphonei sei t herl os t

t ec hnol ogi es( AJ AX,FL EXet c ) ,t hei nt er f ac eal l owst he

ors t ol ent hi sof t enmeanst hel os sofval uabl edat af or

endus er t o manage t hei r val uabl e dat a onl i ne.

t hes ubs c r i berandal otoft i meandf r us t r at i ons penton

Voxmobi l ipl at f or mi nt egr at esdi r ec t l ywi t ht hemobi l e

r eent er i ngc ont ac tdat a.Asf ort hephot os ,t her ei sno

oper at orpor t alal l owi ngas i ngl es i gnonexper i enc e.

wayt or et r i evet hes epr ec i ousmemor i es . Al os tors t ol en phone al s o has an adver s ei mpac ton t he mobi l e oper at or ,i ft hes ubs c r i bernol ongerhasi t sphone,no c al l swi l lbemadeandnot extmes s agess entandas s uc h no r evenue wi l lbe gener at ed f ort he mobi l e oper at or .Thi si nabi l i t yt ot r ans f erval uabl edat aont oa new phonepos esasabi gbar r i ert ophoner epl ac ement . Voxmobi l i hasdevel opedPhoneBac kup, ac ompl et eand c ompr ehens i veendt oend s ol ut i ont ot hes ei s s ues .I t enabl est hemobi l eoper at or st oi nc r eas eARPU,r educ e c hur nandpr omot ephoner epl ac ement .

Voxmobi l ipr ovi dest ool sandwi z ar dst oeas es el f c ar e andr emot es er vi c eac t i vat i on:OMACl i entPr ovi s i oni ng ( CP) ,OMA Devi c e Management( DM) ,Sy nc ML OTA s et t i ngs ,WAPPus hf orc l i entdownl oadandaut omat i c appl i c at i on updat e.Phone Bac kup c an be updat ed ( ac c ount , c l i ent … )f r om OSS/ BSSandWebi nt er f ac es .

PhoneBac kuppr ovi desas i mpl ewayt os ec ur el ys ave mobi l e dat ai nc l udi ng;c ont ac t s ,event s ,t as ks ,t ext mes s ages ,phot os ,mus i cand vi deos .The t r ans f erof dat at ot henet wor ks t or agei sac hi evedbyus i ngdat a c onnec t i onss uc hasGPRS, 3GorWi Fi . PhoneBac kupnot onl ys uppor t shands etdat abutal s oSI Mc ont ac t st hanks t ot hepar t ner s hi psVoxmobi l ihasf or medwi t hl eadi ng SI M vendor s .I naddi t i on,PhoneBac kupal s os uppor t s r oami ng det ec t i on and s ends not i fic at i ons t ot he s ubs c r i berwhi l s tt heyar eabr oad. I nc as e ofl os s ,t hef t ,damage,mi s t akesorhands et upgr ade,dat at hathasbeenbac kedupc anber es t or ed ont oanys uppor t eddevi c ebas edont hehands etdat a c apabi l i t i es .Phone Bac kup f eat ur es a phone s wap mec hani s m t hat al l ows endus er st or et r i eve t hei r per s onaldat a us i ng t hei rSI M c ar d wi t haf r i end’ s hands et .PhoneBac kupi ss uppor t edbyal ar ger angeof hands et ss uc hasNoki as er i es40,SonyEr i c s s ons er i es W orK,Sams ungandMot or ol aaswel lasBl ac kber r y , i PhoneandAndr oi dphones . PhoneBac kup c omeswi t h af ul l yc us t omi z abl ewhi t e

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -5|S o wa r e

The ant i t hef tf eat ur e ofPhone Bac kup al l ows t he endus ert ol oc kt hei rphone r emot el y .The phone i s c apabl eofl oc ki ngi t s el fwhent heSI Mc ar dhasbeen r emovedorr epl ac edwi t hanot herSI M. Whent hephone hasbeenl oc kedandadi ffer entSI Mc ar di si ns er t edi t wi l ls t ar tbeepi ng.Thephonel oc at i oni spubl i s hedon t he I nt er netand s entt ot he endus er s ’keyc ont ac t s enabl i ngt heendus ert ol oc at ei t shands et .I nt hec as e ofc onfident i alandper s onaldat abei ngs t or edont he phone, t heendus erc andel et eal l i t sper s onal dat af r om t hephoner emot el yvi at heI nt er netorbySMS. Over al lt heapppr ovi desver yes s ent i alf eat ur esandt he bi gges tpl us poi nti st hati ti s avai l abl e on var i ous pl at f or ms . -I s hi t aShah( SEI T)

19


DI DYOUKNOW

Wi nd o ws8T i ps&T r i c k s So,y ouupgr adedi nt oWi ndows8!That ’ sgr eat .Buty ou

app, her ei saway . Dr agappsofs i mi l art y pe/ genr e( e. g. -

pr obabl yf eelabi tl os twi t houtt heSt ar tbut t on. I tt akes

games ,pr oduc t i vi t y ,wor ket c . )t ot her i ghts i deoft he

awhi l eget t i ngus edt ot henot s onew envi r onmentand

s t ar ts c r een s ot hatt hey f or m c l us t er s . Hol d down

get t i ng overt he l os s oft he c l as s i cs t ar tbut t on,a

c ont r olkeyands c r ol lupony ourmous eort r ac kpad( i n

t r ademar kWi ndowsf eat ur e.Her ear eaf ew qui c kt i ps

ot herwor ds ,z oom out ).Thi swi l lmaket het i l esont he

amds hor t c ut st ogety ous t ar t ed:

s t ar ts c r eens mal l erandy ouc angetabi r d’ sey evi ew of al ly ourapps . Nextr i ghtc l i c konac l us t er . Youwi l ls eea

Keyboar dShor t c ut s

“ NameGr oup” opt i onont hel owerl ef tc or ner . Namet he gr oup. You’ r edone!Nowal ly ourgamesandmus i capps

Wi ndowskey= St ar ts c r een.

andnewsappsc anbeor gani s edi ndi ffer entgr oups !

Wi ndowskey+M =Mi ni mi z e al lt hewi ndowsont he des kt op. Wi ndowskey+E=OpenExpl or er . Wi ndowskey+D =Got ot hedes kt op( i fy ouar ei nt he s t ar ts c r een) . Wi ndowskey+Tab=Openal i s tofc ur r ent l yr unni ng pr ogr ams . Wi ndows key + Q = Gl obals ear c h menu.Sear c h any t hi ng. Wi ndowskey+F=Fi l eandf ol ders ear c h. Wi ndowskey+Paus e=Sy s t em Pr oper t i esPage( Tos ee y ourPC’ ss pec s ) . Wi ndowskey+“ , ”=Makeal lwi ndowst r ans par entand s eet hedes kt op. Wi ndowskey+“ . ”=Rear r angeawi ndowt ot hel ef ts i de ort ot her i ghts i de. Wi ndowskey+R=Runc ommand( Opens y s t em t ool s di r ec t l y . E. g. -ms c onfig) . Wi ndows key + X = Qui c k Ac c es s Menu ( i nc l udes   Command Pr ompt ,Di s k Management ,Fi l e Expl or er , Run, andmor e) . Wi ndowskey+I=Set t i ngsmenu.

St ar t up Ear l i ert hes t ar t ups et t i ngswer ei nt hems c onfigt oolbut t heyhavenow s hi f t ed t ot heTas kManager .Youc an al l oworDi s abl es t ar t uppr ogr amsasy ouwi s hr i ghtf r om t heTas kManageri t s el f .Mor eover ,i tal s os howst he l evelofi mpac ton t he s t ar t up t i me s ot haty ou c an di s abl eunwant eds t ar t upi t ems .

St ar tMenu I fy ouhavedownl oadedal otofappsf r om t heWi ndows St or eandgett i r edofs c r ol l i ngal lt hewayt oopent he

20

Ki l lApps Cl os i ng/ ki l l i nganappwaseas i eri nt heol derWi ndows PCs .Theyal lhadabi gr edbut t onwi t hac r os s .Buty ou won’ tfindt hem i ny ourWi ndows8St ar tSc r eenapps . Buty ous t i l lhavemanyot herway st oki l lt hes eapps . Met hod1 : Takey ourc ur s ort ot het opoft hes c r een. Your c ur s orwi l lc hange i nt oa‘ hand’c ur s or .Cl i c kandhol d t her eanddr agdownt ot hebot t om oft hes c r een.I twi l l ki l lt heappandy ouwi l lr et ur nt ot heSt ar tSc r een. Met hod2:Takey ourc ur s ort ot het opl ef tc or neroft he s c r een.Youwi l ls eeal i s tofopenappsi nt hepanet hat appear s . Ri ght c l i c konanappandc l i c kon‘ Cl os e’ . Met hod 3:Thi si s ol ds c hool ,r eal l y .I fy ou haven’ t gues s edi ty eti ti sAl t +F4.

Nat i veDes kt op OpenTas kSc hedul et ool . Open“ Tas kSc hedul erL i br ar y ”   ont hel ef tpaneands el ec t“ Cr eat eTas k” .Gi vei tany name.I nt heTr i gger st abs el ec tNew ands el ec t“ AtL og on”f r om t hedr opdownmenu.I nt heAc t i onst abs el ec t New andwr i t eExpl or eri nt hePr ogr am/ Sc r i ptfiel d.

-I s hi t aShah( SEI T)

ouKnow dY -6|Di Vol : ol oc ot Pr


DI DYOUKNOW

Re s po ns i v eWe bDe s i gn We c annot l i ve wi t hout i nt er net . We dai l y vi s i t

Twi t t er .

t hous andsofwebs i t esbutwef ai lt onot i c es omet hi ng. When we vi s i twebs i t e on di ffer ents c r eens l i ke a

The maj oradvant age oft hi s desi gn i st hatal lt he

des kt op,t abl etoramobi l e,wegetadi ffer entl ay out .

di spl ayswi l lgi vesi mi l ardeskt opl i kef eel .Thewebsi t e

Andt heur li sal s or edi r ec t edt om. s omet hi ng. c om, et c .

whi chi sr esponsi vegoest hr oughal otofcodi ngasi t hast obemadeopt i malf ort abl et sandmobi l edi spl ays

Butt hat sol dt ec hnol ogy .Todaywehaves een gr eat

aswel l .Soaddi t i onalcodei saddedf ort hesedi spl ays.

i mpr ovement si nt heweb devel opmentduet oCSS3. Wi t h CSS3 webs i t es c an aut omat i c al l y r es i z e t hems el vesac c or di ngt ot hedi s pl ay .Thi si sknownas t he Res pons i ve web des i gn.Medi a quer i esi n CSS3 makei tpos s i bl ef orwebs i t est or es i z e. I uc ht y peofdes i gnt her ei snoneedofanaddi t i onal ns s ub domai n.Var i ous web br ows er s have t hei rown engi ne. L i keChr ome&Saf ar i us ewebki t .

Theabovewebsi t ei sofMi cr osof twhi chwhenvi ewedon mobi l e gi ves si mi l ar deskt op l i ke f eel . The maj or di sadvant age of Responsi ve Web Desi gn i s t hat Moz i l l aFi r ef oxhasadi ffer entHTML 5engi nei . e.gec ko.

adver t i sement scannotber esi zed.

Soever yt i meawebs i t ei sdes i gnedanext r al i neofc ode i saddedf orMoz i l l aFi r ef ox.Foreas i erc odi ngt her ear e

eg:ht t p: / / www. engadget . com

CSSgr i dswhi c hus er sc anus et omaket hei rwebs i t e

ht t p: / / www. mi cr osof t . com

r es pons i vei ft heyhavenoc l ueont odot hat . Oneoft he

ht t p: / / t wi t t er . gi t hub. com/ boot st r ap/

mos tf amousr es pons i vegr i ds y s t em i sBoot s t r ap by

-NayanSet h( SECOMPS)

H. 26 5 Wes t r eam anumberofvi deosever y dayandweal way st r yt os t i c kt oDVDqual i t yi . e. 480p. Butt hatwi l l s oonc hange. I TUhasac c ept ednews t andar di . e. H. 265. H. 264wasi t spr edec es s orwhi c hdi dagoodj ob butwasnott hatgr eatf orUHD vi deos .Wi t hnew c ompr es s i ont ec hni quesbui l ti nwi t hH. 265,1 080p vi deoswi l lr equi r ehal ft hedat ai tr equi r edear l i er . Thi smeanst hatnet wor kswi t hs l ows peedswi l lbeabl et odel i verc ont entonl i nei nhi gherqual i t y . Defini t el yi twon’ tbei mpl ement edi mmedi at el y . Manys of t war eswi l lc omeupf orenc odi ngvi deoswi t ht he H. 265s t andar d. TheUHDt el evi s i onswhi c hwi l lc omei nt hef ut ur ewi l lhavef ul ls uppor tf orH. 265. ’ -Nay anSet h( SECOMPS)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|Di dY ouKnow

21


DI DYOUKNOW

Ul t r aHi ghDe f i ni t i o n Ul t r aHi ghDefini t i oni st henextl evelofhi ghdefini t i on.

Wi t h4Kand8Kwewi l ls eebi gi mpr ovementi nc ol or

Hi gh Defini t i on i nc l udes720p and 1 080p.Wi t h Ul t r a

s at ur at i on.Thebl ac kswi l lappearmor ebl ac k.Wewi l l

Hi ghDefini t i onwehave4Kand8K. Thes ear et hedi gi t al

s ee di s pl ay swhi c h wi l ls por thi gh s peed s uppor tf or

f or mat s

wi r esi nor dert odel i ver4Kor8Kc ont ent .Themot i on

appr oved

by

I TU

( I nt er nat i onal

Tel ec ommuni c at i onUni on) .

r at eofdi s pl ay swi l lal s obever yhi gh.Thi swi l lbegr eat f orgamer s .Thedi s pl ay swi l lal s os uppor thi ghf r ame

4K i s21 60p and hasar es ol ut i on of3840x21 60.I ti s

r at es .

equi val entt o8. 3megapi xel sandi s4t i mesmor et han 1 080pi . e.Ful lHD.8Ki s4320pandhasar es ol ut i onof

een Ful lHD di s pl ay son s mar t phonesand Wehaves

7680x4320.I ti sequi val entt o33. 2megapi xel sandi s1 6

r et i nadi s pl ay sonL apt opsanddes kt ops .Expec tt hes e

t i mesmor et han1 080pi . e. Ful lHD.

s c r eenr es ol ut i ont oi mpr ovei nnearf ut ur e. Wewi l lal s o have webs i t es of hi gher r es ol ut i ons . The c ur r ent s t andar ds i z ei s1 024x768.Gami ngc ons ol eswi l lc ome wi t hs uppor tf orUHD andgameswi l lbeenr i c hedwi t h gr aphi c s . Many4Kt el evi s i onswer edemons t r at edatCES201 2and t het r adi t i onc ont i nues .Howevert hi st i meatCES201 3 t he t el evi s i ons as l ar ge as 1 1 0 i nc h have been demons t r at ed.Thi s pr oves outt o be ver y good f or di s pl ay satpubl i car eas .

TheFul lHDt r endbeganr ec ent l yi nI ndi aandever ySet TopBoxpr ovi dert r i edt oat t r ac tus er swi t ht henumber ofHD c hannel st heyhave buti nr eal i t ymos toft he c hannel sar eups c al edi . e.t heyar ec onver t edt o1 080p andar enotac t ual l y1 080p.Wewi l lbeobs er ves i mi l ar t hi ngi nf ut ur ewher emanyc hannel swi l lbeups c al edt o 4Kor8K. Cur r ent l ySony ,L G,Sams ung have c ome up wi t h 4K di s pl ay sbutt hepr obl em i st her ei snoc hannelwhi c hi s s hoot edat4Kor8K. Movi esl i keTr ans f or mer shavebeen s hotat4K.The qual i t yofUHD and HD c an notbe

Nexty earwec anexpec tt het el evi s i onst obr i ngi n8K.

di s t i ngui s hedwhenvi ewedatadi s t anc eof20t o30f eet .

Cur r ent l y no l apt op and des kt op apar tf r om Appl e

Ther ef or e4Kand8Kwi l lbeofgr eatus ei nCi nemas .

Mac book Pr o and i Mac have s ur pas s ed f ul l HD r es ol ut i on. Sonyi st heonl yc ompanyc ur r ent l yoffer i ng4Kc ont ent whi c hi nc l udesmovi es . l ls eeal otofupgr adesi ns c r eensi nt henear Wewi f ut ur e.UHD defini t el yhasal ott oofferusi nt henear f ut ur e. -Nay anSet h( SEComps )

22

ouKnow dY -6|Di Vol : ol oc ot Pr


DI DYOUKNOW

Ama z o nE l a s t i cCo mput eCl o ud Amaz on,t hec ompanywhi c hi sc l os el yr el at edt oonl i ne

pl an ahead ofhow much comput i ng poweryou wi l l

Ec ommer c es i t ei sonei nfluent i alc ompanyi nt hewor l d

need.Justbui l dt hei nf r ast r uct ur et hatcangr ow.So

notonl ybyi t sonl i nes i t ebuti t sweb s er vi c eswhi c h

wi t ht hehel pofEC2youcanel i mi nat et hepr ocessof

pr ovi desr es i z abl ec omput ec apac i t yont hec l oud.I ti s

pl anni ng ofcomput i ng power .I nst ead j ustbui l dt he

des i gned t o make webs c al ec omput i ng eas i er f or

i nf r ast r uct ur ewhi chcangr ow.

devel oper s . I tc ont r ol sweb’ senor moust r affi ci nwor l d. 2.Onepr oductAmazon Web Ser vi ce( AWS)of f er si s Amaz onEl as t i cComput eCl oud( EC2)i sac ent r alpar tof

cal l ed ‘ El ast i c Load Bal anci ng’as par tofi t s El ast i c

Amaz on’ sc l oud c omput i ng pl at f or m,Amaz on Web

Comput eCl oud( EC2)ser vi ce.Thi sser vi cehel psyout o

Ser vi c e ( AWS) . EC2 al l ows us er st o r ent vi r t ual

setupEC2ser vi cei nmul t i pl ear eas.Whenser vi cei na

c omput er st or unt hei rownc omput erappl i c at i on.I ti sa

par t i cul aravai l abi l i t yar ea i s di sr upt ed because ofa

webs er vi c et hatpr ovi desr es i z abl ec omput i ngc apac i t y

hugest or m, t r af fici saut omat i cal l yr er out edt oanot her ,

i nt hec l oud. I ti sdes i gnedt omakewebs c al ec omput i ng

heal t hi er avai l abi l i t y ar ea. Then l oad bal anci ng i s

eas i erf ordevel oper s .I twasf oundt hatonet hi r doft he

r est or edonceal lavai l abi l i t yar easar eheal t hyagai n.

s ever almi l l i onus er svi s i tawebs i t et hatus esAmaz on’ s El as t i cComput eCl oudeac hday ! !

3.Ever yt hi ng i s Appl i cat i on Pr ogr ammi ng I nt er f ace ( API )basedwhi chmakeseasi erf ort hedevel opert o

Wi t hEC2wec anus eal l t hatc omput i ngpowert or unj us t

i mpl ementascal abl ei nf r ast r uct ur eoverEC2.

aboutanys of t war eappl i c at i oni nc l udi ngawebs i t es uc h asI ns t agr am orPi nt er es torabanki ngappl i c at i ont hat s i mul at esc r edi tr i s k ora r es ear c ht ool .Rat hert han l oadi ng y ours of t war e on phy s i c alc omput ers er ver s y ou’ ves etupi nadat ac ent r e, y ouc anl oadi tont ovi r t ual s er ver sy ou’ ve s et up i ny our web br ows er .And whenevery ouneedmor evi r t uals er ver sy ouc anhave t hem.

Mobi l ewebbr owsi ngi ssl owbecauseoft hef actt hatt he aver agewebsi t epul l scont entf r om 13di f f er entpl aces ont heI nt er net .Onamobi l edevi ce,evenwi t hagood Wi Ficonnect i on,each r ound t r i pi st ypi cal l y 100 mi l l i seconds ormor e.Some oft hatcan be done i n

Appl i c at i onsofEC2

par al l el , buti tt akesasmanyasei ghtormor er oundt r i ps t hateacht akes100mi l l i seconds.Thataddsup.ButEC2

1 .Us easy ouwant– y ouneed50 s er ver st oday ?No

br eaksapar tt hi spr ocess. Soi fcomput at i oni smovedt o

pr obl em.You need 3000 t omor r ow? That ’ s not a

Amazon’ sCl oud pl at f or m,t hen ahugecomput at i onal

pr obl em ei t her .Andt hedayaf t ert omor r ow y ouwant

r esour cei sr ecei ved.Whatt akes100mi l l i secondson

onl y1 000?J us tdowhat every ouwant . EC2s er ver sc ome

Wi Fi t akesl esst han5mi l l i secondsonAmazon’ sEl ast i c

i nTs hi r ts i z es–s mal l ,medi um,l ar geandext r al ar ge–

Comput eCl oud.

andhavec er t ai nnumberofc omput eper f or manc eand c er t ai n amountvi r t ualmai n memor yasmeas ur ed by

I nst agr am usesofAmazon’ sEl ast i cCl oudComput e.

Amaz onasanEl as t i cComput eUni torECU.Noneedt o -DevanshDoshi( SEI T)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|Di dY ouKnow

23


DI DYOUKNOW

Cl o udS t o r a geCo mpa r i s o n

24

ouKnow dY -6|Di Vol : ol oc ot Pr


TPP

CUDA:APr o gr a mmi ngMo d e lF o rGPU St evi naDi as *

Sher r i nBenj ami n*

Mi t c hel lD’ s i l va*

L y net t eL opes * *As s i s t antPr of es s or

Dwar kadasJ . Sanghvi Col l egeofEngi neer i ng, Vi l ePar l e, Mumbai Uni ver s i t y Abs t r ac t-GPU( Gr aphi c sPr oc es s i ngUni t )c omput i ngi s bec omi ngver ypopul arbec aus ewhenGPU c ombi ned wi t hCPU,t heyac c el er at et hegener alpur pos es c i ent i fic and engi neer i ng appl i c at i ons .The Nvi di a’ sc r eat i on CUDA pr ovi desa s i mpl e C and C++ ext ens i onst hat enabl e fine and c oar s e gr ai ned dat a and t as k par al l el i s m.A obj ec tor i ent ed pr ogr ammerc an ut i l i z e t hi spar al l el i s m wi t hl anguagess uc hasCandC++. Keywor ds-GPU,CUDA,Ker nel ,CGMAr at i o,CUDAAPI Bas i c s ,Ker nel ,L oc alMemor y ,Shar edMemor yGl obal Memor y , Cons t antMemor y , Text ur eMemor y I .

I NTRODUCTI ON

CPU ( c ent r alpr oc es s i ng uni t )i s an el ementoft he c omput ert hatc ar r i esoutt hei ns t r uc t i onsoft hes of t war e l oaded on t o t he c omput er . I t ' s t he mai n dec i s i onmaki ngbodyf ort heent i r emac hi ne.I tnot i fies al lt hepar t soft hec omput erwhatt odo–ac c or di ngt o t hepr ogr am c odeoft hes of t war e, and, al s oac c or di ngt o t hes y s t em us er .Today ,mos toft hec omput er shave mul t i c or e CPUs and s ome c omput er s even have mul t i pl eCPUs . GPU( gr aphi c spr oc es s i nguni t )i sapar tof t hevi deo r ender i ng s y s t em ofac omput er .Theus ual pur pos eofaGPU i st oas s i s twi t ht her ender i ngof3D gr aphi c sandvi s ualeffec t s ,whi c ht heCPUdoes n' thave t o.Ser ver sus ual l yhavever yl i mi t edornoGPUf ac i l i t i es ast hey ar e needed f ort ext bas ed r emot ei nt er f ac e. Power f ulGPUs ar ef r equent l yr equi r ed f or gr aphi c i nt ens i ve t as kss uc h asgami ng orvi deo edi t i ng.For exampl e,t het r ans l uc entwi ndowsi nWi ndows7,whi c h power st heAquades kt opandi t sbeaut i f ul ,wat er l i ke gr aphi c aleffec t sand ani mat i onss uc hasbul gi ng t he Doc ki nas moot hani mat i onwhent hemous ei smoved t ot hel oweredgeoft hes c r eenor" s uc ki ng"wi ndows i nt ot he Doc k when t hey ar e mi ni mi z ed -t hes e ar e power edbyGPUs .GPU i ss i mi l art oCPU,butt heydo have i mpor t anti nt er naldi ffer enc es t hatmake t hem s pec i al i z edf orpar t i c ul art as k.ACPUc or ec anexec ut e4 32bi ti ns t r uc t i ons per c l oc k( us i ng a 1 28bi t SSE

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|T e c hni c a l Pa pe rPr e s e nt a on

i ns t r uc t i on) ,wher easaGPU l i ket heRadeonHD 5970 c anexec ut e320032bi ti ns t r uc t i onsperc l oc k( us i ngi t s 3200AL Usors hader s ) .ACPU c anper f or m al lki ndsof c al c ul at i ons ,due t ot he pr es enc e ofone or mor e " Ar i t hmet i c / L ogi c Uni t s "( AL U' s ) .A bul k ofs t r uc t ur es i ns i deaCPUi sc onc er nedwi t hmaki ngs ur et hatt heCPU i sr eadyt os wi t c ht oadi ffer entt as kwhenneeded.A GPU c an per f or mc al c ul at i ons ,and c an al s o dec i s i on maki ngt as ks .However ,GPU' shavebeendes i gneds o t heyar ever ygoodatdoi ngvi deopr oc es s i ng,andl es s exec ut i vewor ki . e.al otofr epet i t i vewor k.GPU' shave l ar genumber sofAL U' s , t hanCPU' s . Asar es ul t , t heyc an do l ar ge amount sofbul kymat hemat i c all abouri na gr eat erquant i t yt hanCPU' s .Thes t r uc t ur est hatmake CPUsgoodatwhatt heydot akeupl ot sofs pac e.When t hos es t r uc t ur esar er emoved,t her e’ spl ent yofr oom f or many" dumb"AL U' s ,whi c hi ndi vi dual l yar ever ys mal l . TheAL UsofaGPU ar edi vi dedi nt ogr oups ,andeac h gr oupofAL Uss har esmanagement ,s omember soft he gr oupar emadet owor kons i mi l art as ks . Theyc anei t her al lwor konnear l yi dent i c alvar i at i onsofones i ngl et as k, i f ec ts y ncwi t honeanot her ,ornot hi ngatal l .[ 1 ] nper Di ffer entpr ogr ammi ng model sar e us ed t o ac c ompl i s hi t sf unc t i onal i t y .For exampl e, i nor dert owor konac omput er ,t her e’ saneed ofan Oper at i ng Sy s t em,s i mi l ar l y ,GPU t oo needsa power f ul

pr ogr ammi ng

model .

The

var i ous

pr ogr ammi ng model s us ed f or GPU ar e OpenCL , Ac c el er at or ,CUDA,Di r ec t Comput eandmanymor e.I n s pi t eoft hel ar geus ageofObj ec tOr i ent edPr ogr ammi ng L anguagesl i keJ ava,C++et c . ,pr ogr ammer sar enotver y keeni nknowi ngGPUpr ogr ammi ngmodel s .Thi spaper gi ves a br i ef out l i ne of CUDA: NVI DI A’ s GPU Pr ogr ammi ng Model . Sec t i on I I di s c us s es t he ar c hi t ec t ur eofCUDAandSec t i onI I I gi vesagi s tabouti t s Pr ogr ammi ng c onc ept s . Sec t i on I V t al ks about c ompi l at i onpr oc edur e I I .

CUDAARCHI TECTURE

25


TPP

Fi gur e1 : CUDAMemor yModel CUDAdefinesr egi s t er s ,s har edmemor y ,andc ons t ant memor yt hatc anbeac c es s edathi ghers peedandi na mor epar al l elmannert hant hegl obalmemor y .Us i ng t hes ememor i eseffec t i vel ywi l ll i kel yr equi r er edes i gn oft heal gor i t hm.I ti si mpor t antf orCUDApr ogr ammer s t o be awar e oft he l i mi t ed s i z es oft hes es pec i al memor i es . Thei r c apac i t i es ar e i mpl ement at i on dependent .Onc et hei rc apac i t i esar e exc eeded,t hey bec omel i mi t i ngf ac t or sf ort henumberoft hr eadst hat c an be as s i gned t o eac h SM [ 2] . The pr oper t i es of di ffer entt y pesCUDAmemor yi ss hownTabl e1 . Tabl e1Di ffer entt y pesofCUDAMemor y

26

a on nt e s e rPr pe Pa l a c hni c e -6|T Vol : ol oc ot Pr


TPP

I I I .

I I .

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|T e c hni c a l Pa pe rPr e s e nt a on

27


TPP c ons ti ntC=1 00;

s y s t ems ( i . e. , CPU+GPU) .CPU & GPU ar es epar at e

/ /( 5)

devi c eswi t hs epar at eDRAMsSc al et o1 00’ sofc or es ,

s i z e_tl engt h=C*s i z eof ( float ) ; ar r _hos t =( float *) mal l oc ( l engt h) ;

/ /( 6)

1 000’ sofpar al l elt hr eads . CUDAi sanExt ens i ont ot heC

c udaMal l oc ( ( voi d**) &ar r _dev, l engt h) ;/ /( 7)

Pr ogr ammi ngL anguage[ 3] .TheFi gur e2i l l us t r at est he

f or ( i nti =0; i <C; i ++)

pr oc es sofCUDAc ompi l at i on.

ar r _hos t [ i ] =( float ) i ; c udaMemc py ( ar r _dev, ar r _hos t , l engt h, c udaMemc py Hos t ToDevi c e) ;/ /( 8) i ntbl k_s i z e=4;

/ /( 9)

i ntn_bl k=C/ bl k_s i z e+( C%bl k_s i z e==0) ; s q_r t <<<n_bl k, bl k_s i z e>>>( ar r _dev, C) ; c udaMemc py ( ar r _hos t , ar r _dev, l engt h, c udaMemc py Devi c eToHos t ) ;

/ /( 1 0)

f or( i nti =0; i <C; i ++)

/ / ( 1 1 )

pr i nt f ( " %d\ t %f \ n" , i , ar r _hos t [ i ] ) ; f r ee( ar r _hos t ) ;

/ /( 1 2)

c udaFr ee( ar r _dev) ; get c h( ) ; Fi gur e2: Compi l at i onPr oc edur eofCUDA

} Thenumber edpr ogr am l i nesar eexpl ai nedbel ow.

As s umi ng numberofbl oc kst o be 1 6 and 4 t hr eads

1 .I nc l udeheaderfil es

r unni ngi npar al l elmanneri neac hbl oc k,t heFi gur e3

2. Ker nelf unc t i ont hatexec ut esont heCUDAdevi c e

s howst heaboves quar er ootc omput at i on offir s t64

3. mai n()r out i ne, t hatt heCPUmus tfind

i nt eger s[ 2] .

4. Definespoi nt er st ohos tanddevi c ear r ay s 5. Definesot hervar i abl esus edi nt hepr ogr am,s i z e_t

CONCL USI ON

V

i sanuns i gnedi nt egert y peofatl eas t1 6bi t 6. Al l oc at ear r ayont hehos t

CPUt houghbei ngver yeffi c i ents t i l lc annotal onemeet

7. Al l oc at ear r ayondevi c e( DRAM oft heGPU)

up t he everi nc r eas i ng demands oft he I nf or mat i on

8. Copyt hedat af r om hos tar r ayt odevi c ear r ay .

Tec hnol ogy .A GPU ai dst he CPU by per f or mi ng t he

9. Ker nelCal l , Exec ut i onConfigur at i on

l abor i ousr epet i t i ve t as ksi n par al l elmanner .I nt hi s

1 0.Ret r i ever es ul tf r om devi c et o hos ti nt hehos t

paper , wehavet al kedaboutoneoff r equent l yus edGPU pr ogr ammi ng modelCUDA,whi c h wasor i gi nat ed by

memor y 1 1 . Pr i ntr es ul t

NVI DA.The above ment i oned pr ogr ammi ng model

1 2. Fr eeal l oc at edmemor i esont hedevi c eandhos t

hel pst o per f or m Par al l elPr oc es s i ng ofvar i oust as ks as s i gned t ot hem.Due t ot he pr es enc e of t hes e

I V

CUDACOMPI L ATI ONPROCEDURE

pr ogr ammi ng model s and many mor e model s ,t he gami ng appl i c at i ons have bec ome mor el i vel y and

CUDAi sahi ghl evel l anguagewhi c hs t andsf orComput e

c r eat i ve.Notonl yt hat ,GPU i sver ymuc h needed i n

Uni fied Devi c eAr c hi t ec t ur e.I ti sapar al l elc omput i ng

s ec t or sl i ke Fi nanc e, Medi c al i magi ng and Cl oud

pl at f or m andpr ogr ammi ngmodelc r eat edbyNVI DI A.

Comput i ngTher ear emanymor ePr ogr ammi ngModel s

TheCUDApl at f or mi sac c es s i bl et os of t war edevel oper s

l i keAc c el er at or , Di r ec t Comput e, OpenCLpopul ar l yus ed

t hr oughCUDAac c el er at edl i br ar i es ,c ompi l erdi r ec t i ves

f orGPU.

and ext ens i ons t o i ndus t r y s t andar d pr ogr ammi ng l anguages , i nc l udi ng C, C++ and FORTRAN.

REFERENCES

Pr ogr ammer s us e‘ C/ C++’wi t h CUDA ext ens i ons t o expr es s par al l el i s m, dat a l oc al i t y , and t hr ead

1 . ht t p: / / goo. gl / ROy Fm

c ooper at i on,whi c hi sc ompi l ed wi t h“ nvc c ” ,NVI DI A’ s

2. ht t p: / / goo. gl / 5Bdvf

L L VMbas ed C/ C++ c ompi l er ,t oc ode al gor i t hmsf or

3. ht t p: / / goo. gl / z f NSL

exec ut i on on t he GPU. CUDA enabl es het er ogeneous

28

a on nt e s e rPr pe Pa l a c hni c e -6|T Vol : ol oc ot Pr


I nt e r v i e w Co nt i nue d . . . mas t er ’ saf t era y earofexper i enc e bec aus e he c an

Gi vent heoppor t uni t ywoul dyouwor ki nsmal lcompany

c hoos ec our s eswhi c hheors hei sgoodat .I nmyc as eI

orSt ar t upr at hert hanabi gcompany?

wasc onf us edwhi c hc our s esIwant ed.Andt hepeopl e wi t hmehadt hr eet of oury ear sofexper i enc e. Theywer e

Iwoul dr at herwor ki ncompanywi t h10engi neer st han

qui t e mat ur ed i n t er ms of t hei r per s pec t i ve but

acompanyof5000engi neer sbecauset heamountof

event ual l yIwasabl et oc opeupwi t ht hem.Exper i enc e

wor kyougett her eandr esponsi bi l i t i esar eenor mous.

i ses s ent i al l yi mpor t anti nmyopi ni onbuti ns omegood

Soasanengi neeryougr owmor ecompar edt oabi g

c ompani eswher ey ougett ounder s t andt ec hnol ogy .

company.Thi swasoneoft her easonswhyIj oi ned Li nkedI n;acompanywi t h700engi neer sandhuge pot ent i alt ogr ow.

Whatac c or di ngt oy oumakesagoodc ompany ? Thedi ffer enc ebet weenagoodc ompanyandaver age

Shar eyourexper i encesatLi nkedI n?

c ompanyi st hequal i t yofwor ky oudo.I nc ons ul t ant c ompani esl i keTCSt hewor ky oudoi sr el at edt os pec i fic

I twasadr eam t owor katLi nkedI n.Thecul t ur eyouar e

t ec hnol ogi ess owheni tc omest os wi t c hi ngj obsi t ’ snot

i nt oovert her ei ssi mpl ygr eat !UCLAal sohel pedmea

eas y .Ont heot herhandi fy ouwor ki nc ompani esl i ke

l ot .Dur i ngmyi nt er nshi pIi nt r oducedanewmachi ne

Googl e, Or ac l eorevens mal l erc ompani esl i keDi r ec t i or

l ear ni ngwhi chwentl i veont hesi t e.Iwaswor ki ngon

Ec l i ni c al wor ks y ou getmor e expos ur ec ompar ed t o

r anki ngmodelont hehomepageoft hesi t e.The

ot herc ompani es .

advant ageIgotbywor ki ngi nasmal lcompanyi st hatI gotgr eatexposur e.

-DevanshDoshi( SEI T)

Pr ot oc ol : Vol -6|I nt e r v i e w

29


Protocal - Volume 6 (CSI Student Chapter DJSCOE)  

A magazine by the CSI Student Chapter in Dwarkadas J. Sanghvi College of Engineering.

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