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®‘µ«‘ ¬— 9 °√–· ‡√’¬°„π∫√‘∫∑‰∑¬ §ÿ≥æãÕ∫Õ ‚° ºå Ÿ ßã ‡ √‘¡°√–· ‡√’¬°


  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫      

 ⌫       


“√∫—≠

   ⌫   ⌫     ⌫   ⌫     ⌫  ⌫         ⌫⌫  


⌫          ⌫  

4

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


∫∑∫√√≥“∏‘°“√

°√–· ‡√’¬°„π∫√‘∫∑‰∑¬ªò®®ÿ∫π—  

  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫

⌫        

5


⌫⌫ ⌫⌦⌫⌫        ⌫   ⌫     ⌦      ⌫     ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫          ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌦    ⌫   ⌫    ⌫             ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦   ⌫   ⌫     ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫

6

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


 ⌫  ⌫   ⌫     ⌫   ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫     ⌫    ⌫      ⌫        ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫       ⌫            ⌫   ⌫   ⌫    ⌫     ⌫⌫     ⌫⌫⌦ ⌫⌫     ⌦⌦     ⌦ ⌦⌫   

⌫        

7


⌫⌫⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫   ⌫            ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫    ⌫ ⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫         ⌫      ⌫  ⌦        ⌦           ⌫ ⌫   ⌦⌫         ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌦                       ⌫   ⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫

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⌫ ⌫  ⌫      ⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌦     ⌦    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌦  ⌦  ⌫ ⌦     ⌫     ⌫ ⌦    ⌫              ⌫ ⌫   ⌫     ⌦   ⌦            ⌦              ⌫ ⌫⌫

⌫        

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        ⌫   ⌫     ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦  ⌫     ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌦⌫   ⌫  

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⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫                   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫       ⌫       ⌫     ⌫                   ⌫           ⌫  ⌫    ⌦    ⌫⌦  ⌫      ⌫        ⌫     ⌫               ⌦    ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫         ⌫    ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫   ⌫        

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⌫         ⌫      ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫      ⌫ ⌫     ⌫        ⌫      ⌫ ⌫ ⌫      ⌦⌫⌦     ⌫⌫                  ⌫    ⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫    ⌫       ⌫   ⌫⌦    ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ 

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⌦ ⌫⌫     ⌫  ⌫                    ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫         ⌫  ⌫    ⌫  ⌫     ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌦  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌦ ⌫          ⌦   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫      ⌫        

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⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌦ ⌦   ⌦       ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌦⌫    ⌫              ⌫     ⌦⌫                  ⌫  ⌦   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫⌦ ⌦       ⌫    ⌦    ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫   ⌦⌫  ⌫   ⌫ 

14

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⌫⌫⌦   ⌫  ⌫⌦⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌦       ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦         ⌫  ⌫          ⌫          ⌫                    ⌫      ⌫   ⌫  ⌦ ⌦⌫  ⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫     ⌫   ⌫⌫          ⌦               ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌦    ⌫⌫

⌫        

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 ⌫ ⌫   ⌫        ⌫     ⌫⌫ ⌦⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌫     ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫      ⌫ ⌫        ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫       ⌫    ⌫⌦ ⌫   ⌦   ⌫  ⌫  

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 ⌫ ⌫             ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌦⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦    ⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫       ⌫

⌫        

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      ⌫      ⌫       ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫           ⌫        ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌦      ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫     ⌫   ⌫    ⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫         ⌫         ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫⌦⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫⌫   ⌦

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⌫  ⌫        ⌫      ⌫    ⌦ ⌫⌫          ⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌦ ⌫⌦ ⌦⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫     ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌦    ⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫          ⌫      ⌫         ⌫        

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⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫     ⌫⌦⌫    ⌦  ⌫    ⌫          ⌦⌫⌫ ⌦⌫⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌦     ⌫   ⌦     ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫                 

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  ⌦  ⌫          ⌫      ⌦  ⌫       ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫     ⌫           ⌫ ⌫   ⌦⌫ ⌫    ⌫        ⌫       ⌫           ⌫     ⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌦  ⌦                   ⌫      ⌫            ⌦⌦⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌦ ⌫        

21


.

⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫

22

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


°√–· ‡√’¬°„π¡ÿ¡¡Õߧ≥–

·π«∑“ß·Àãß«—≤π∏√√¡°√–· ‡√’¬° Pascual Chavez*

⌫⌦⌦⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫                  ⌫        ⌦     ⌦⌦⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫                 

⌫ ⌫    

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⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫   ⌫    

⌫       ⌫         ⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫     ⌫         ⌦        ⌫  

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    ®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫        ⌫         ⌫  ⌦  ⌫  ⌦        ⌫   ⌫       ⌫⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫        ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫          ⌫⌦   ⌫ ⌦ ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫        ⌫           ⌫    

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 ⌫⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫     ⌫            ⌫   ⌦         ⌫   ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫     ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫⌦  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫          ⌫  ⌫  ⌫      ⌫⌦⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫                   ⌫ ⌫      ⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌦

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⌫  ⌦ ⌦ ⌫⌦  ⌫⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫     ⌫   ⌦     ⌫  ⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌦   ⌫   ⌫      ⌫⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫      ⌫   ⌫⌫       ⌦ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫      ⌦  ⌫⌫              ⌦⌦     

⌫    

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⌦    ⌫       ⌫       ⌦⌫ ⌦          ⌫ ⌦ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫         ⌫        ⌦⌦    ⌦  ⌦⌫              ⌫        ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌦  ⌦  ⌫               ⌫   ⌦  ⌦   ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ 

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⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌦    ⌦ ⌦ ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦   ⌦⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌦⌫  ⌦     ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌦            ⌫              ⌫⌫   ⌫       ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫  ⌦      ⌫       ⌦          ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫    

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⌫   ⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫    ⌫       ⌫   ⌦                                ⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌦  ⌫  ⌫  ⌦ ⌫            ⌫      ⌦⌦⌦    ⌫   ⌫        ⌫  ⌫⌫      ⌫        ⌦                        ⌫        ⌫⌫⌫

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    ⌦ ⌫                ⌫   ⌫  ⌫              ⌫      ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫   ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌦ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫⌫⌦⌦⌦   ⌫      ⌫  ⌫      ⌦    ⌫       ⌦   ⌦          ⌫

⌫    

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⌫ ⌦⌦               ⌫     ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫  ⌦      ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦⌦                      ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫                      ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫⌦⌦⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫

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  ⌫ ⌫                   ⌦    ⌫    ⌫   ⌫     ⌫⌦⌫  ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫     ⌫     ⌫⌦⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫⌦ ⌫     ⌫  ⌫     ⌫          ⌫    ⌫⌫⌦⌫  ⌫⌫     ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫      ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫       ⌫    ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    

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⌫        ⌫               ⌫ ⌦     ⌦               ⌫  ⌫⌫                        ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫            ⌫      ⌫  ⌫   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫                           ⌫  ⌦⌦⌫       ⌫   ⌫  ⌫          ⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌫    ⌦⌦ ⌫     ⌦ ⌦⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  

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 ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌦ ⌫⌫  ⌫      ⌫ ⌦⌦  ⌫ ⌫     ⌫⌫   ⌫       ⌫         ⌦  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫              ⌫      ⌦  ⌦   ⌦       ⌦ ⌫  ⌫   ⌦   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫    ⌫    ⌫        ⌦        ⌦  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌦  ⌫ ⌫    

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        ⌫    ⌫             ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫       ⌫ ⌫     ⌫   ⌫        ⌫      ⌫   ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫⌦  ⌫          ⌫          ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫               ⌫        ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫     ⌫ ⌫ ⌦

36

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      ⌫     ⌦  ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦  ⌦         ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦     ⌦             ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌦          ⌫            ⌦ ⌫ ⌦     ⌫         ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ 

⌫    

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  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌦       ⌫  ⌫                 ⌫  ⌫⌫⌦                   ⌫ ⌦  ⌦        ⌦    ⌦  ⌫        ⌫ ⌫  ⌦                       ⌫ ⌦    ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫⌫    

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 ⌫⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌦                                ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫     ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫        ⌫ ⌫    ⌫        ⌦  ⌫    ⌫         ⌫ ⌫   ⌫     ⌦⌫⌫⌦ ⌫⌫    ⌫   ⌫       ⌫    ⌫ ⌫                     ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫           ⌫             ⌫  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫    

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     ⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌦⌦   ⌦          ⌫        ⌦  ⌫    ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌫   ⌫      ⌫                ⌦     ⌫     ⌦                          ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌦ ⌫        ⌫    ⌦      ⌦     ⌫⌫      ⌦⌫       ⌫     ⌫    ⌦⌦ 

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 ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌦⌦⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌦  ⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌦⌫ ⌦⌦ ⌫⌫⌦⌦⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌦  ⌫   ⌫     ⌦  ⌦    ⌫     ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌦    ⌫⌦⌫⌫ ⌫    

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  ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦   ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌦  ⌦                   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌦     ⌫      ⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌦           ⌫      ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫   

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⌫⌫⌦ ⌦⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌦   ⌦⌦⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦⌦   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫    ⌫   ⌦⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫           ⌦  ⌫     ⌦          ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦   ⌫      ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌦⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫   

⌫    

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⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫            ⌫  ⌦  ⌫     ⌫              ⌫⌦⌫  ⌦  ⌦ ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌦         ⌫    ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ 

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⌦ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫⌦⌫⌫⌦ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫            ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫       ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫         ⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫           ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫  ⌦⌦⌦ ⌦⌦  ⌫    ⌫    ⌫  ⌫ ⌫     ⌫              ⌫         ⌫                     ⌦ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ 

⌫    

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 ⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫       ⌫⌦⌫  ⌫     ⌦   ⌫⌫        ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫            ⌫ ⌫     ⌫                  ⌫     ⌫           ⌫      ⌫      ⌫       ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫       ⌫  ⌫⌫ 

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  ⌦⌫       ⌦   ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫      ⌫      ⌫     ⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌫   ⌫  ⌦⌫  ⌫ 

.

⌫    

47


°√–· ‡√’¬°„π¡ÿ¡¡ÕߢÕßæ√–«√ “√

§«“¡®”‡ªöπ¢Õß°“√‡√’¬° Juan Jose Bartolome*

⌫   ⌫           ⌫        ⌫        ⌦    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫         ⌫               ⌫  ⌫     ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ 1 Pascual C H VEZ, “Come and see” (Jn 1:39). The need to call, Strenna 2011, Rome, Tip. Vaticana, 2010, 3.

48

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫      ⌫      ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫     ⌫     ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫            ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌦⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫               ⌫                  ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫

2 GC26, Da mihi animas, cetera tolle, Rome, 2008, no. 53: “Vocations to apostolic commitment”, 48. 3 Fr CH VEZ, “Come and see”, 4.

⌫    

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   ⌫  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫  ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫     ⌫

      ⌦   ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫     ⌫   ⌦⌫    ⌫ ⌫     ⌫ ⌦⌫                      4 Fr C H VEZ, “Come and see”, 4-5.

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®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


⌫ ⌫   ⌫        ⌫      ⌫ ⌫    ⌫    ⌫         ⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌦ ⌫⌫⌦⌫⌦   ⌫⌫      ⌫   ⌫  ⌦   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫           ⌫              ⌫⌦⌫            

5 On the first day the Baptist becomes aware of his mission (Jn 1:19-28) from emissaries sent from Jerusalem, Jews and Pharisees (Jn 1:19.24). On the second day, he gives testimony to the people on behalf of Jesus, who comes onto the scene for the firsttime (Jn 1:29-34). On the third day, he repeats this testimony before two witnesses and the flow of people towards Jesus begins (Jn 1:35-42). On the fourth day, it is Jesus who reveals himself for the first time to those with him (Jn 1:43-51): this accumulation of testimonies leads to Jesus’ first self-manifestation (Jn2:11). The public interlocutor is reduced and Jesus lets himself be known only by those who follow him. And this is what happens on the seventh day, at Cana in Galilee with Mary (Jn 2:1).

⌫    

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   ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫     ⌫         ⌫⌫   ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫     ⌫ ⌫     ⌫    ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫       6 The scene which tells the story of the starting up of Jesus’ group (1:35-51) has often been compared with the Synoptic stories of call (Mk 1:16-20; Mt 4, 18-22; Lk 5:1-11). But the differences are so notable that it would seem that John did not intend to tell the story of calls to follow him. The place is not the same; nor do people, motives, and the commanding call of Jesus coincide. Although the central term appears (1:43: follow me), the names of the first followers do not coincide. In the synoptic account, besides, the call comes after the Baptist’s imprisonment and Jesus encounters his chosen ones in their daily work, which they immediately leave aside.

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    ⌫  ⌦⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌦  ⌫   ⌫       ⌫        ⌫  ⌫           ⌫    ⌫⌫       ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫     ⌦⌫   ⌫        ⌫     ⌦     ⌫   7 As Mk 1:2-8 also does. Mt 3:1-17 and Lk 3:1-22, instead, more in agreement with history, assigns him the nature ofpreacher of the coming judgment (Mt; Lk). 8 The Baptist and his preaching had divided the people (cf. Lk 3:15; Mk 11: 30; Mt 11:18). John not only hints at this; he does not seem to be concerned about rendering a likely historical picture of it

⌫    

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  ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫      ⌫    ⌫ ⌦   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫       ⌫            ⌦  ⌫      ⌦ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫     ⌦  ⌫  ⌦ ⌫    ⌫   ⌫      ⌫            ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌦        ⌫     ⌦⌫  ⌦ ⌫               ⌫       ⌦ ⌫      

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®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


  ⌫       ⌦   ⌦ ⌫     ⌫    ⌫   ⌫    ⌫      ⌫⌫           ⌫⌫⌫              ⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌦    

9 Lamb of God, the first title Jesus receives in the Gospel (Jn 1:29, will be used again in Jn 1:36), is not so easy tounderstand; there is no biblical antecedent applied to people.One thing is certain: Jesus who is passing by belongs to God and has the canceling out of sin as his role; he brings holiness and liberation without imposition or enslavement;his coming is a message of hope, since he brings about the work of salvation freeing believers from direct opposition to God, which is the sin of the world 10 This presentation, unique in the Gospel tradition, could well reflect the historical origins of the Johannine community, some of whose members would have been disciples of John.

⌫    

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    ⌫  ⌫               ⌫         ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌦      ⌫            ⌫ ⌫  ⌫      ⌫      ⌦          ⌦    ⌫       ⌦   ⌦   ⌫      ⌦ ⌫ ⌦     ⌫ ⌫ ⌫             ⌫     ⌫ 

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⌫    ⌫ ⌫         ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫     ⌦     ⌫                                ⌫   ⌫   ⌦       ⌫ ⌫                     ⌫⌫     ⌫  ⌦⌦   ⌦  ⌫ ⌫       ⌫  ⌫      

⌫    

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⌦ ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫      ⌫  ⌫    ⌫⌫    ⌫   ⌦  ⌦   ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫   ⌫ ⌫     ⌫ ⌦      ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫           ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫      ⌫      ⌫   ⌫        11 One could consider that, in the anonymity of the disciple who does not leave Jesus and prefers being around himrather than testimony, there is the hidden figure of the ideal disciple, being with him without ever denying him (Jn18:15; 19:26) and who will recognise him as alive and be the first to believe at the Sepulchre (Jn 20:8).

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 ⌫   ⌫ ⌦      ⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫    ⌫             ⌫    ⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫      ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫  12 There is a detail in the account which we should not lose sight of: the fist disciple whose name we get to know, Andrew, confesses faith in Jesus as the messiah, before presenting his brother Simon to him. It strikes us that this confession of faith in Jesus’ messiahship, which in the Synoptics is left to halfway through Jesus’ ministry, is put here right at the outset (Jn 1:41; cf. 20:31). Without reference to any initiating movement by the one who has just arrived, Jesus, looking at him intently, changes his name and identity in a brief ‘investiture’ scenario: he knows him by name:you are Simon; and he determines his future: you will be called Cephas, meaning Rock (Jn 1:42, cf. 21,1922; Mt 16,18-19).

⌫    

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⌫ ⌫         ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫       ⌦    ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌦    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌫⌦   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫     ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌦     ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦     

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13 Perhaps Jesus’ invitation: “Follow me” (Jn 21:19) cost no other disciple as much as it did Peter. None had such a tough practical training as Simon’s, none was put to the test like he was and made so many mistakes; nobody was as impulsive or as weak as he was. Nobody received the call after so many delays or was put to such a humiliating and painful trial by public questioning from Jesus, whether he loved him or not; or on whether he loved him more than others: maybe this is why we have been founded on ‘this rock’. Peter’s example cannot pass without noting its import for our lives as disciples: to become a foundation for the community of Jesus neither our mistakes and betrayals, nor our misunderstandings and obstinacy, but we need to love preferentially, excel in our regained fidelity through tears and by protesting our predilection and love. If we declare our readiness to love intensely, a sinful past is noimpediment to leading the community.

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


    ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌦   ⌫          ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫        ⌫    ⌫    ⌫         ⌫ ⌫      ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫     ⌫           ⌫  ⌫     ⌫     ⌦    ⌦     

⌫    

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    ⌦ ⌫  ⌫     ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌦⌫⌫   ⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫   ⌫                ⌫   ⌦          ⌦    ⌫⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫         ⌫ ⌫⌫⌦         ⌫⌫      ⌫    ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ 

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      ⌫  ⌫   ⌫     ⌫    ⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌦ ⌫⌦⌫⌫   ⌫            ⌫      ⌫         ⌫  ⌫ ⌦    ⌦      ⌫     ⌫⌫ ⌫ 

14 Son of man appears only in the Synoptic tradition and from Jesus’ own mouth; John applies it as self-manifestation of Jesus (Jn 1:51; 3:1314; 5:27;6:27.53.62; 8:28; 9:35; 12:23.24; 13:31; 19:5). While themeaning of the title is obscure, here it refers to the function, carried out by Jesus, of making God present (cf. Gen 28:12.16-17).

⌫    

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    ⌫ ⌦      ⌫  ⌫     ⌫   ⌫    ⌫      ⌫      ⌦⌫    ⌫⌫⌫⌦       ⌫   ⌫ ⌫      ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫⌦ ⌫      ⌫     15 The entire account is pervaded by a fine irony, a feature of the fourth Gospel. By saying that wine was lacking at a wedding feast (Jn 2:3) and that the worst wine was usually kept till last (Jn 2:10), the host certainly don’t look too good; they are able to get water for ritual purification, but unable to store sufficient wine for festive good cheer. The disciples’ success and faith occur on the seventh day of Jesus ministry, meaning to say, as indicated by the Evangelist, three days later (Jn 2:1). 16 he contrast, friend of the groom vs. groom (Mk 2,18-20) or fast vs. banquet (Mt 11:18-19) was useful to the Christian community to show the relationship and mark the difference between John and Jesus. The symbol of the banquet is a feature of messianic times, both in Judaism and early Christianity. 17 If we want to see a symbolic value in this, it should be noted that we still don’t have all the conditions for the realisation of the messianic age: the joy shared (cf. Cant.1.2, 5.1, 7.10, 8.2) is threatened (cf. Is 25:6; 62:5-9; Hos 2:21-24).

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 ⌦         ⌫    ⌦⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫         ⌦  ⌫    ⌫ ⌦         ⌫        ⌦  ⌫     ⌦⌫  ⌫     ⌫ ⌫   ⌦  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌦

18 Literal translation of mah li welak (Judges 11:12; 2 Sam 16:10; 19:23; 1 Kings 17:18; 2 Kings 3:13; Hos 4:17; 2 Cron 35:21). 19 Cf. Ex 19:8; 24:3.7; and Gn 41:55.

⌫    

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 ⌫    ⌦  ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌦   ⌫⌫   ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫         ⌫       ⌫   ⌫   ⌫  

20 The water meant for the Jewish purification rites (Jn 2:6; cf. Lev 11:16) is changed, thanks to Jesus, into good wine, according to messianic hopes (cf. Amos 9:13; Joel 4:18; Hos 14:8). The gift of this change, like every messianic gift, is abundant: the party-goers can enjoy some 600 litres of the best wine “to cheer up man’s heart” (Ps 104:15; Wis 10:19). 21 Wondering from whence something comes means, in the Fourth Gospel, investigating Jesus’identity (Jn 7:27.28; 8:14; 9:29.30; 19:9) and/or his gifts (Jn 3:8; 4:11; 6:5): knowing the source of the gift leads to recognition of the giver.

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®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


    ⌫  ⌫      ⌫   ⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫  ⌫    ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫   ⌫     ⌫   ⌦    ⌫   ⌫  ⌫        ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌦  ⌫            ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌦    ⌫  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌦  ⌦⌫                     ⌫ ⌫    

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⌦    ⌫⌫               ⌫          ⌦ ⌫                ⌫     ⌦  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫     ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫      ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌦       ⌫  ⌫⌦  ⌫⌦   ⌫  ⌦ ⌦ ⌫ ⌦ ⌦    ⌫  ⌦⌦  ⌫          ⌦                ⌦ ⌫  

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           ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫       ⌫                   ⌫⌫  ⌫           ⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌫    ⌦       ⌫     ⌦    ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫      ⌫⌫  ⌫⌦    ⌦⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫         ⌫          ⌫    

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⌫⌫      ⌫   ⌫ ⌫          ⌦     ⌫     ⌦ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫     ⌫        ⌦    ⌫   ⌫    ⌫  ⌫          ⌦                ⌫    ⌫    ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫    ⌫       ⌫ ⌫ ⌦

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   ⌫               ⌫⌫   ⌫      ⌦            ⌫  ⌫           ⌫  ⌫  ⌦                             ⌫ ⌦ ⌫           ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌦      

⌫    

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    ⌫   ⌫        ⌫            ⌦⌫          ⌫      ⌫  ⌫ ⌫        ⌫       ⌫      ⌦ ⌫     ⌫    ⌫   ⌫⌫    ⌦   ⌫⌫  ⌦⌫      ⌫      ⌫    ⌫   ⌦                  ⌦ 

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   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫        ⌫     ⌦   

   ⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫       ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦     ⌫     ⌫                 ⌫ ⌦ 

⌫    

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      ⌫    ⌫      ⌫   ⌦  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫       ⌫ ⌦ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌦     ⌫     ⌫ ⌦  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫

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®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


°√–· ‡√’¬°„π¡ÿ¡°“√Õ¿‘∫“≈

¡ÿ¡¡Õߪ√–«—µ»‘ “ µ√è ¢Õß°“√Õ¿‘∫“≈°√–· ‡√’¬°´“‡≈‡´’¬π Miguel Canino Zanoletty *



⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫       ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌦    ⌫ 1 Cf M. BERTOLLI, Retrospettiva storica, in: G. CLEMENTEL – M. COGLIANDRO (eds.), Le vocazioni nella Famiglia Salesiana. 9 Settimana di spiritualit della Famiglia Salesiana (Roma, 24-30 gennaio 1982), LDC, Leumann (Torino), 1982, 156. 2 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, CCS, Madrid, 1994, 159.

⌫      

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⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌦  ⌫                ⌫  ⌫     ⌫ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫ 

⌫⌦         ⌫ 

       

  ⌦⌦ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ 

3 G. Bosco, Opera di Maria Ausiliatrice per le vocazioni allo stato ecclesiastico [1875], 2, in OE 27, 2.

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  ⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫     ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫  ⌦        ⌫ ⌦  ⌦⌦     ⌫  ⌦⌫ ⌦  ⌦ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫      ⌫         ⌫ ⌫⌫       ⌦

4 Cf M. BERTOLLI, Retrospettiva storica, 146.

⌫      

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  ⌫    ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌦   ⌫⌫⌫ 

   ⌦  ⌫            ⌫    

⌫⌦    ⌫   ⌦    ⌫  ⌫ ⌦   

⌫ ⌦⌫⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫  

5 Cf. M. O. LLANOS, Servire le vocazioni nella Chiesa. Pastorale vocazionale e pedagogia della vocazione, LAS, Roma, 2005, 18-20. 6 Cf W. C. PLACHER, Callings. Twenty centuries of Christian wisdom on vocation, Eerdmans, Grand Rapids (Michigan), 2005. For a concise presentation of this historical evolution. Cf V. MAGNO, Pastorale delle vocazioni. Storia, in CENTRO I NTERNAZIONALE V OCAZIONALE R OGATE (ed.), Dizionario di Pastorale Vocazionale, Rogate, Roma, 2002, 815-825.

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⌫⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫       ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫     ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫   7 In this sense we can recall what the French Revolution meant for the Church. The situation of the diocese and congregations affected was really critical, generating a series of problems that directly affected the recruitment of seminarians and religious. Stabilizing the situation not only took time but also the need for a coordinated response by the Church itself. Currently, we have many studies on the issue, especially on the action taken in the diocesan seminaries. Cf E. T. GARGAN – R. A. H ANNEMAN, Recruitment to the clergy in Nineteenth-Century France : Modernization and Decline ?, en Journal of Interdisciplinary History 9/2 (1978) 275-295; CH. DUMOULIN, Un seminaire fran ais au 19 e siecle. Le recrutement, la formation, la vie des clercs Buorges, ditions Tequi, Paris, 1977; P. HOUT-PLEUROUX, Le recrutement sacerdotal dans le Dioc se de Besan on de 1801 1960, Neo-Typo, Besan on, 1966. 8 Some authors describe five stages to this process starting from the 19th century: a) Phase of Christian education and direct contact (the most important effort for new vocations coming from the family, parish and school. We are still in a deeply religious environment), b) Creating religious groups to pray and work for vocations (The organization of these early movements and associations are an example of awareness of the vocation “problem”), c) External search through propaganda (advertising),d) Phase of guidance and promotion, vocational animation (only mid-twentieth century); e) The establishment of an articulated vocation ministry as we know it today. Cf R. IZARD, Un siecle de pastorale des vocations, en Vocations Sacerdotales et religieuses 224 (1963) 554-559; P. GIANOLA, Il reclutamento nei sec. XIX-XX, in DIP 7, 1295-1297. 9 Cf P. GIANOLA, Il reclutamento nei sec. XIX-XX, 1295. 10 Cf G. ROCCA, Reclutamento, en DIP 7, 1245.

⌫      

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⌫⌦   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫        ⌫   ⌦    ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫       ⌫  ⌫⌫     ⌫⌫     ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫           ⌫ ⌫ ⌫

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⌫⌦⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌦   ⌫         ⌫    ⌫        ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦⌦⌦

11 The study of the Italian clergy from the point of view of recruitment has seen rigorous study of some regions like Puglia and Lombardy, while for other areas this kind of study has not been done. Cf X. TOSCANI, Il reclutamento del clero (secoli XVI-XIX), en G. CHITTOLINI – G. MICCOLI (eds.), Storia d’Italia. La Chiesa e il potere politico dal Medioevo all’et contemporanea, = Annali 9, Einaudi, Torino, 1986, 615. 12 Cf X. T OSCANI, Il clero lombardo 12 Cf X. TOSCANI, Il clero lombardo dall’Ancien Il Regime alla Restaurazione= Religione e societ 8, Il Mulino, Bologna, 1979. 13 Don Bosco himself repeatedly referred to this new situation. In 1875, speaking to the Cooperators, he said:” Where will we find young people ready to respond to the Lord’s call? (…) No longer amongst rich and distinguished families, since they are in general too affected by the spirit of the world which unfortunately their children have absorbed too early; and when thy go to the state schools or large boarding schools they lose every idea every principle, every tendency towards the call that God has place din their heart for the ecclesiastical state MB 5, 392.

⌫      

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                       ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫ ⌫         ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫ 14 Cf J. ART, L’Histoire du recrutement des pretres et religieux en Europe occidentale au 19e et 20e si cle: Chapitre clos?, en Revue d’Histoire ecclesiastique 95/3 (2000) 226. Critical voices were raised against the admission of candidates for economic culturalreasons. In this we can cite the case of the famous Mons. Dupanloup Felix (1802-1878) contrary to these kinds of vocations Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica. Vol. II, 364-365. 15 To meet these expenses, in addition to input from the candidate, they began to organize various in itiatives and groups working to help clergy without financial resources. Cf X. TOSCANI, Il reclutamento del clero (secoliXVI-XIX), 617. 16 Cf P. GIANOLA, Il reclutamento nei sec. XIX-XX, 1299-1300. 17 Cf P.GIANOLA, Il reclutamento nei sec. XIX-XX, 1297-1298. 16 Cf P. GIANOLA, Il reclutamento nei sec. XIX-XX, 1299-1300. 17 Cf P. GIANOLA, Il reclutamento nei sec. XIX-XX, 1297-1298. 18 A.G UERRA , Le vocazioni allo stato ecclesiastico: quanto alla necessit e al modo di aiutarle, Tip.Civilt Cattolica, Roma, 1869. The author sent the book to Don Bosco, who replied thanking him for the gift and asking for 10 copies with a promise to buy more in the future. Cf E III (Motto) 1321. A. Guerra quotesValentino D. Bosco, and spares no praise for him and his work. 19 Cf G. FRASSINETTI, Sulla deficienza delle vocazioni allo stato ecclesiastico, Oneglia, 21870. 20 Cf P. S TELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica. Vol. II, 395-396 (n. 125). 19 Cf G.FRASSINETTI, Sulla deficienza delle vocazioni allo stato ecclesiastico, Oneglia, 21870.

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20 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit (n. 125).

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cattolica. Vol. II, 395-396


       

 ⌫⌫               ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫

          ⌫⌫    ⌫ ⌫      ⌦⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫   ⌫⌦⌫    ⌦       ⌦          ⌫   ⌦      ⌦        21 Cf MO (Ferreira) 84-85. According to Peter Braido it is possible that Don Bosco accentuated the difficulties and doubts that accompanied this time because of the educational purpose behind his Memories of the Oratory. It could be that his needing to pay his fees for the seminary was one of the elements that led him to consider entering Franciscans. Don Bosco came to apply for admission to the convent of St Mary of the Angels in Turin (18/4/1834), a request accepted without any objection (284/1834). Cf P. BRAIDO, Don Bosco prete nel secolo delle libert . I, LAS, Roma, 22003, 135-136. 22 Cf MB 2, 203-207; P. BRAIDO, Don Bosco prete nel secolo delle libert . I, 171.

⌫      

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  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫    ⌫   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫⌫     ⌫             ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  23 Cf P. BRAIDO , Don Bosco prete nel secolo delle libert . I, 173-183. 24 To follow the evolution of this process. Cf F. DESRAMAUT, La storia primitiva della Famiglia Salesiana secondo tre esposti di Don Bosco, en F. DESRAMAUT – M. MIDALI, La Famiglia Salesiana. = Colloqui sulla vita salesiana 5, Elledici, Torino-Leumann,1974, 17-44. 7 Don Bosco, vocations 25 Cf G. BUCCELLATO, Appunti per una “Storia Spirituale” del sacerdote Gio’ Bosco, Elledici, Torino Leumann, 2008, 11-12.

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⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫                ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌦⌦ ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫   ⌫            ⌦  ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫    26 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit Opere, PAS-Verlag, Zurich, 1968, 36-43.

cattolica. Vol. I. Vita e

27 Cf MO (Ferreira) 47. 28 As an example we can cite the friendship he established with Giovanni Battista Appendini theologian (1807-1892), professor of theology in the last years. Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica. Vol. I, 57. In this regard it is interesting to compare the letters Don Bosco sent throughoout his life to the rector of the seminary, Don Vogliotti Alessandro (1809-1887) and to Don Appendini, to discover the different tone of these, reflecting the different type of relationship he had with each. Cartas a D. Vogliotti (by way of example, coorespondence up to 1863): E I (Motto), 48, 50, 66, 236,245,380, 388, 391, 411, 437, 447,456, 518, 528, 614, 622, 692, 710, 715, 717, 718. Letters to Don Appendini: E I (Motto),71, 167, 174, 210, 214, 226, 421, 474.

⌫      

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⌫    ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫           ⌫      ⌫                ⌦       ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫              ⌫  ⌫    ⌦      ⌫  ⌫ ⌫        ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ 29

Put on the clerical habit, and while doing your studies you will get to know the right way that God wants from you. Have no fear of losing your vocation, but through detachment, and practices of piety all obstacles would be overcome MO (Ferreira) 85- 86. Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica.Vol.I, 47.

30 Cf MO (Ferreira) 118-119.

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⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌦⌫      ⌫⌫     ⌫   ⌦  ⌦⌦ ⌫          ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ 31 As significant elements we can include the role played by his Mother in his preparation for first confession (Margaret Occhiena,1788-1856). Cf MO (Ferreira) 34.8 Don Bosco, vocations promoter. 32 Cf MO (Ferriera) 64-65; A. GIRAUDO, Clero, seminario e societ . Aspetti della Restaurazione religiosa a Torino, LAS, Roma,1993, 254-258. 33 Cf G. BUCCELLATO, Appunti per una “Storia Spirituale” del sacerdote Gio’ Bosco, 36. 34 In Memoirs of the Oratory, Don Bosco said that “Don Caffasso [Don Bosco wrote his name thus], was my guide for six years, my outstaninding spiritual director, and if I have done something good I owe it to this worthy ecclesiastic in whose hands I placed my every decision, study, every action of my life” MO (Ferreira) 118. 35 Cf F. DESRAMAUT, san Giovanni Bosco direttore d’anime, en F. DESRAMAUT – M.MIDALI (eds.), La direzione spirituale, Torino,1983, 47.

⌫      

87


⌫      ⌫                  ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌦    ⌫   ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫      ⌫⌦ ⌦ 

 ⌫⌫

 ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫  ⌦             ⌫        ⌫ ⌦

36 Cf P. BRAIDO, Don Bosco prete nel secolo delle libert . I, 173-183.

88

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⌫    ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌫   ⌦⌫    ⌫⌦   ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫ ⌫     ⌫ ⌫ ⌫

37 G. FRASSINETTI, Sulla deficienza delle vocazioni allo stato ecclesiastico, 25. 38 “Don Bosco allora prese con maggior impegno a percorrere, come fece per pi anni, i paesi di campagna delle Diocesi di Torino, di Biella, d’Ivrea, di Casale e sovratutto le regioni di Saluzzo e di Mondovi, chiedendo ai parrochi quali dei loro giovanetti pi virtuosi, di buona indole e di attitudine allo studio giudicassero potersi avviare allo stato ecclesiastico. Chiamava quindi a se quelli che erano stati indicati e, fatta la proposta ai loro parenti e avutone il consenso, li accettava agli studi per poco o per nulla d’accordo col prelodato Canonico. (…) A noi ripeteva Buzzetti Giuseppe: “Difficilmente Don Bosco ritornava dalle sue escursioni apostoliche senza condurre con se qualche orfanello oppure qualche giovane di ottime speranze per la Chiesa MB 5, 393394.

⌫      

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⌫  ⌫    ⌫⌦   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫           ⌫     ⌫  ⌫   ⌦         ⌫⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫        ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫     

39 On this we could cite many testimonies. One that I find most significant is what he explains in the regulations of the Sons of Mary, for adult vocations: “Once he has finished his course each student is free to become a religious, go to the foreign missions or go back to his diocese to ask his bishop if he may put on the clerical habit “ G. BOSCO, Opera di Maria Ausiliatrice allo stato per le vocazioni ecclesiastico [1875], 6, OE 27, 6. 40 Of particular value are the testimonies in the process of canonization of Don Bosco’s great Family. Many of these early Salesians who lived with Don Bosco told how he had accompanied them during their vocational discernment. 41 E III (Ceria) 2026.

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 ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌦   ⌫   ⌫      ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦ ⌫⌦ ⌫ 42 Don Don Albera would recall a Don Bosco who ent to his boys and told them: “Would you not like to consecrate yourself to the Lordto save souls? “ Lettera circolare of Rettore maggiore Don Paolo Albera (15 maggio 1921) in Lettere circolari di Don Paolo Albera ai Salesiani, Direzione Generale delle Opere Salesiane, Torino, 1965, 496. 43 On the topic of vocations references abound. As an example we can cite some of the letters of Don Bosco which have a vocational content. Cf E I (Motto) 4. 8. 29. 38. 237. 247. 248. 264. 447. 463.501. 548. 573. 601. 614. 715; E II (Motto) 882. 927. 932. 949. 958. 960. 963. 983. 1049. 1093. 1104. 1109. 1119. 1121. 1135. 1154. 1160. 1187. 1197. 1230. 1243. 1244. 1248; E III (Motto) 1321. 1367. 1618. 1626. 1642; E IV (Motto) 1721. 1782. 1791. 1822. 1853. 1903. E III (Ceria) 1391. 1716; E IV (Ceria)2134. 2560.

⌫      

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 ⌫    ⌫  ⌦    ⌫     ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌦ ⌫      ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌦  ⌫⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫    ⌫   ⌦ ⌦ ⌫         ⌦   44 Consultations are preserved or issues related to vocational issues, amongst others with Rosminians, some diocesan priests, the faithful Companions of Jesus, Oblates of Tor de ‘Specchi (Rome), the Dominican monastery of Saints Dominic and Sixtus (Rome), the Order of the Visitation, etc. Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 161-165. 45 Cf M. BERTOLLI, Retrospettiva storica, 173. 46 MB 11, 12.

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⌫  ⌦⌫⌫⌫            ⌫       ⌫      ⌫ ⌦ ⌫    ⌦ ⌦ ⌫  ⌦   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫    ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦     ⌫   ⌫                   ⌦ ⌫ ⌦ ⌦   ⌫   ⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫            ⌫         ⌦⌫ 47 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit 48

cattolica. Vol. II, 393.

Sul fine del pranzo Don Albera fu presentato all’Arcivescovo, che lo prese per mano, gli pose un braccio attorno al collo e stringendogli il capo al peto prese a dirgli: Voi non sapete chi sia il vostro Arcivescovo, voi non lo amate, voi amate solamente Don Bosco: per voi Don Bosco tutto, e non pensate che a lui. Don Albera rispose: Io amo al mio Arcivescovo, ma se io sono prete lo debbo… L’Arcivescovo lo interruppe dicendo: Tacete, tacete. Non so spiegarmi come abbiate tanta affezione a Don Bosco. (…) Egli un superbo, che non vuole stare soggetto. Egli vuole fondare una Congregazione per sottrarsi all’autorit dell’ Arcivescovo. Se santo, lo dimostri coll’ essere ossequente al suo Superiore MB 9, 627-628. Although the main reason for the anger was the “irregular” situation of the Valdocco clerics, the scene shows the strong link between Don Bosco and hisSalesians.

49 Lettera circolare del Rettore maggiore D. Paolo Albera (18 ottobre 1920) en Lettere circolari di Don Paolo Albera ai Salesiani, 373.

⌫      

93


⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫                 ⌫    ⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌦⌫⌫ 

50 Addressing the General Chapter II (1880) Don Bosco came to ask the rectors to choose amongst those who had been educated in Valdocco. If it was not possible, for those chosen, at least to be ones educated by the Salesians who had had this original experience. Cf F. D ESRAMAUT, Don Bosco en son temps (1815-1888), SEI, Torino, 1996, 1217. 51 One of the best known descriptions of this environment at Valdocco is to be found in the story by Don Vespignani (1854-1932).Cf G. VESPIGNANI, Un anno alla scuola del Beato Don Bosco (1876-1877),SEI, Torino, 1930.

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⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌦    ⌫       ⌫ ⌦        ⌫      ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫    ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌦  ⌫    ⌫           

52 Cf M. MOLINERIS, Incontri di Don Bosco, Istituto Salesiano Bernardi Semeria, Colle Don Bosco, 1973, 177. 53

[D. Bosco:] Quanta svogliatezza in questa ricreazione. [el antiguo alumno:] E di qui proviene la freddezza in tanti nell’accostarsi ai Santi Sacramenti, la trascuranza delle pratiche di piet in Chiesa e altrove; (…) Di qui il non corrispondere che molti fanno alla loro vocazione G. BOSCO, Due Lettere da Roma (10 maggio 1884), en G. BOSCO, Scrittipedagogici e spirituali, J. BORREGO - P. BRAIDO - A. FERREIRA - F. MOTTO - J. M. PRELLEZO (eds.), LAS, Roma, 1987, 293. Para la evoluci n del ambiente y las dificultades en Valdocco. Cf. J. M. P RELLEZO ,Valdocco nell’Ottocento. Tra reale e ideale, LAS, Roma, 1992.

⌫      

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⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫    ⌦⌫⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌦ ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦    ⌫⌦⌫   ⌫  ⌫       ⌫        ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌦⌫  ⌫  54 Some criticized the excessive piety and reception of the sacraments at the Giaveno seminary. Cf MB 7, 138-139. However, Don Bosco would state: “Whoever does not frequent Holy Communion and is negligent with practices of piety should take up a trade,not study” MB 17, 191. 55 In his famous letter on vocations Don Albera warned that “Nell’Oratorio si forse ai preminenza giuochi the data, allo sport, drama, alla musica ea tutte le altre esteriori sew, riducendo at least the studio e la pratica della religione” Lettera circolare of Rettore maggiore D. Paolo Albera (15 maggio 1921) en Lettere circolari di Don Paolo Albera ai Salesiani, 494. 56

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2. I maestri e gli altri superiori sappiano cogliere l’occasione per proporre esempi edificanti di sacerdoti, e specialmente di quelli, che si resero celebri a giovamento del buon costume e della civile societ Deliberazioni del secondo capitolo generale della Pia Societ Salesiana [1880], 57, en OE 33, 65

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


           ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫     ⌫  ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫     ⌫               ⌫      ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌦⌫      ⌫            ⌫      ⌦    ⌫⌦  57 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 201. 58 Someformative stages of the curriculum were the ideal time to vocational choice. Especially meaningful to students was the 5 th ginnasiale. For working boys this kind of choice was similarly planted. Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica. Vol. II, 392. 59 For a synthetic presentation of the issue. Cf P. BRAIDO, El sistema educativo de Don Bosco, = Colecci n pedagog a cristiana 1,Instituto Teol gico Salesiano, Guatemala, 1984, 369-379; P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica. Vol. II, 346-357.

⌫      

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 ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦    ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫    ⌦⌫   ⌫⌫ 60 In a circular to the Salesians (01/12/1876) D. Bosco recommends: “In ogni home ciascuna Diasio the sollecitudine massima di piccole associazioni promuovere you, come sarebbe il piccolo clergy, the Compagnia del SS. Sacramento, di S. Luigi, di Maria Ausiliatrice e dell’Immacolata Concezione. Abbie Niuno parlarne timore di, di raccomandarle, favors, and it scopo di esporne, l’origine, you Indulgenze Vantaggio ed altri che da queste if Posson get. Io credo che tali associazioni if Posson chiamare chiave della piet , conservatory della Moralito, Sostegno ecclesiastiche e delle vocazioni religiose” G.BOSCO , Circolare ai Salesiani (12 gennaio 1876) en E III (Ceria) 1391. 61 To get to know the formation scenario and the various possibilities (day students, boarders, with recognized studies or without) for the formation of priests in the diocese of Turin. Cf Seminari, en Sussidi 2, 178-193. 62 Cf MO (Ferreira) 194-195.

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⌫   ⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫        ⌦  ⌫    ⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫        ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦         ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫

63 Data for the period 1861 to 1972 as follows: 48 de 85; 42 de 71; 44 de 72; 23 de 48; 34 de 58; 26 de 60; 18 de 45; 4 de 51; 14 de 32; 16 de 48; 11 de 42; 10 de 32. Cf P. BRAIDO, Don Bosco prete nel secolo delle libert . I, 544. 64 Cf P. BRAIDO, L’esperienza pedagogica di Don Bosco, LAS, Roma, 1988, 168. 65 In Valdocco, amongst others, young men from the dioceses of Acqui, Asti, Casale, Chieri, Saluzzo, Vercelli and Vigevano had studied. Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 168-171. 66 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 177-181.

⌫      

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   ⌫   ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫      ⌦  ⌫  ⌫   ⌦  ⌫ ⌦ ⌦ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫⌦ ⌫     ⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌦⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌦⌫⌦⌫  67 To follow the experiences of Giaveno (1860-1862) and Mirabello (1863-1869). Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 182-188. 68 Cf P. BRAIDO, L’esperienza pedagogica di Don Bosco, 168-169. As an example we can recall how, from 1866, the student section at Valdocco was considered as a minor seminary. Cf P. BRAIDO, El sistema educativo de Don Bosco, 338339. 69 Normally, Don Bosco considered “late vocations” to be those who had done their military service, or were adults (adult by the standards of the time). When he finalized the rules for the Sons of Mary he first spoke of an age range between 16-30 years and later, between 15 and 25. Cf E. V ALENTINI , D. Bosco e le vocazioni tardive, = Biblioteca del Salesianum 60, SEI, Torino, 1960, 8. 21. Within these vocations he made a distinction: those who entered after completing other studies (eg, Count Cays and Prince Czartoryski) and who agreed to work without previous preparation. Cf E. VALENTINI, D. Bosco e le vocazioni tardive, 20.

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⌦ ⌦⌫⌫⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫   ⌫      ⌫    ⌫         ⌫ ⌫              ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦⌫   

⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ 

70 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit

cattolica. Vol. I, 156-157.

71 Cf P. S TELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit

cattolica. Vol. I, 157.

72 G. BOSCO, Opera di Maria Ausiliatrice allo stato per le vocazioni ecclesiastico [1875], 5-6, OE 27, 5-6.

⌫      

101


 ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦⌦   ⌦  ⌫  ⌫     ⌫     ⌫⌦  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌦          ⌫   ⌫⌫ 

73 In this regard we recall that Don Giuseppe Lazzero (1837-1910), taking advantage of one of Don Bosco’s trips and yielding to the pressures of some Salesians, closed the class for adults at Valdoccos, sending some to Sanpierdarena while the rest weredistributed among the other classes at Valdocco. 74 Cf P. BRAIDO, El sistema educativo de Don Bosco, 269-282. 75 Cf P. BRAIDO, El sistema educativo de Don Bosco, 341-342.

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 ⌦  ⌫ ⌦  ⌦  ⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫      ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫             ⌫       ⌫  ⌫   ⌫

76 Cf MB 14, 44. 77 We could quote what Don Bosco told Giovanni Bonetti (1838-1891) before publishing an article in the SB in 1878 on ecclesiastical vocations. The text bore the title La congregazione salesiana e le vocazioni ecclesiastiche (BS 2 (1878) 4-5). Don Bosco’s letter reminded him (14/2/1878) : Cessa di battagliare, e scrivi parole pacifiche, come ti ho tante volve raccomandato. Ho soltanto letto di volo l’articolo sopra Pio IX; osserva che non ci siano sconnessioni. Aggiusta la materia della Conferenza di Roma. Hai notati 600 preti usciti dalle nostre case, mentre dovevi mettere quattro volte tanti. (…) In generale meglio non toccare queste cifre per non urtare con certe suscettibilit civili ed ecclesiastiche. Non dimentichiamo che siamo sub hostili potestate E IV (Ceria) 1716. 78 For an up to date overview of the fundamentals of Don Bosco as founder Cf M. MIDALI, La famiglia salesiana. Identit carismatica e spirituale, LAS, Roma, 2010, 85-143.

⌫      

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⌫ ⌫⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫   ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫ ⌫   ⌫     ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫

79 To study in summary and rigorous manner the fundamental steps of this process. Cf J.G. GONZ LEZ , Don Bosco, fundador de la Sociedad de san Francisco de Sales. Los inicios de una gran historiaIn Cuadernos de formaci n permanente 15, CCS, Madrid,2009, 149-192. 80 For a discussion of the civil status of the Salesian congregation. Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica.Vol. I, 142-149. 81 In this context we must understand the discomfort of some who heard the concrete December 8, 1859 proposal froom Don Bosco to create a religious congregation, and John Cagliero’s famous phrase “frate o non frate”. Sono deciso, come lo fui sempre,di non staccarmi mai da Don Bosco! MB 6, 334335

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®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


  ⌦     ⌫⌫ ⌦⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫                 ⌫    ⌦

⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦⌫  

82 Con. Motto (1860) , 76. 83

5. Quum vero gravissimis periculis sint obnoxii adolescentes, qui ecclesiasticae militiae nomen dare cupiunt, maximae curae huic societari erit eos pietate fovere, qui studio et bonis moribus speciatim se commendabunt. In adolescentibus autem studiorumcausa excipiendis, ii praeferentur, qui pauperiores sint, quique idcirco curriculum studiorum alibi nequeant explere, dummodo aliquam spem vocationis ad ecclesiasticam militiam praebeant Cost. Motto (1874) , 77.

84 At a conference for rectors (4/2/1877) Don Bosco reminded them”Non occorre nuovi che io ripeta avvisi, perches if youvocazioni coltivino allo stato molto ecclesiastico. Questo lo scopo principale, a cui tende ora la nostra Congregazione MB 12, 87.

⌫      

105


  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫  ⌦⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫  ⌫      ⌫         ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌫

106

85

1. La vita esemplare, pia, esatta dei Salesiani, la carit tra di loro, le belle maniere e la dolcezza cogli alunni sono mezzi efficaci per coltivare le vocazioni allo stato Ecclesiastico, perch , verbo movent, exempla trahunt Deliberazioni del secondo capitologenerale della Pia Societ Salesiana [1880], 57,en OE 33, 65.

86

4. Si promuovano le pie Associazioni, che sono nelle nostre case, per promuovere con esse la moralit tra gli allievi, e si procuri che le medesime abbiano un capo di buono spirito e di speciale attitudine all’uopo. 5. I maestri e gli altri superiori usino benevolenza ai membri di queste associazioni ed impediscano ogni disprezzo che possa loro pervenire; ma nello stesso tempo si guardino dall’avvilire quelli che non appartengono ad esse. Occorrendo di dare qualche avviso o fare qualche rimprovero ad ungiovine appartenente ad alcuna di queste associazioni, per quanto possibile, lo facciano privatamente e con buona grazia Deliberazioni del secondo capitolo generaledella Pia Societ Salesiana [1880], 58, en OE 33, 66.

87

9. Si consiglino attentamente gli allievi alla fuga dei cattivi compagni ed alla frequenza dei buoni; ad astenersi dalla lettura di libri non solo cattivi e pericolosi, ma anche dagli inutili o meno opportuni. 10. Pel tempo delle vacanze, a norma degli avvisi che si sogliono distribuire stampati, si raccomandi la frequenza dei SS. Sacramenti e l’assistenza alle funzioni religiose, ed anche di tenere relazione epistolare coi proprii superiori. 11. Si persuada la necessit d’una vita ritirata in tempo di vacanza e si cerchi modo di diminuire loro la dimora fuori di collegio, dando comodit di continuare le vacanze in alcuna delle nostre case, coi necessarii sollievi. 12. Si allontanino inesorabilmente dalle nostre case quei giovani e quelle persone che in qualche modo siconoscessero pericolose in materia di moralit e di religione Deliberazioni del secondo capitolo genera ledella Pia Societ Salesiana [1880], 58-59, en OE 33, 66-67.

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


     ⌦        ⌫⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌦    ⌫     ⌦⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫  88 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bo sco nella storia della religiosit 89

cattolica. Vol. I, 199-200.

303. La vita esemplare, pia, esatta delle Suore, la carit tra di loro, le belle maniere e la dolcezzacolle alunne sono mezzi efficaci per coltivare le vocazioni allo stato religioso, perch , verbamovent, exempla trahunt. 304. Le maestre e le altre Superiore vedano di cogliere l’occasione per proporre esempi edificanti di giovanette, che si consacrarono a Dio nello stato religioso, ed esporre il bene che vi hanno fatto, e la contentezza che ne hanno provato. 305. Si consiglino legiovanette a non parlare della loro vocazione anzi tempo, se non col loro Direttore spirituale o colle loro Superiore. 306. Si promuovano le pie associazioni delle Figlie di Maria; si usi speciale benevolenza a quelle che vi appartengono; s’impedisca ogni disprezzo che possa loro pervenire, ma nello stesso tempo si guardi dall’avvilire quelle che non vi fanno parte. Occorrendo di dare qualche avviso o fare qualche rimprovero ad una giovanetta appartenente ad alcuna di questeassociazioni, per quanto possibile, lo si faccia privatamente e con buona grazia. 307. Almeno ogni mese la Direttrice faccia alle Associate una conferenza; legga la loro regola, la spieghi e dia un fioretto da praticarsi. 308. Si consiglino attentamente le allieve alla fuga delle cattive compagne ed alla frequenza delle buone, all’amore del lavoro e della preghiera, ad astenersi dalla lettura di libri non solo cattivi e pericolosi, ma anche dagli inutili o menoopportuni. 309. Pel tempo delle vacanze si raccomandi la frequenza dei SS. Sacramenti e l’assistenza alle funzioni religiose, ed anche di tenere relazione epistolare colle proprie Superiore. 310. Si persuada la necessit d’una vita ritirata in tempo di vacanza, e si cerchi modo di diminuire loro la dimora fuori di collegio, dando comodit di continuare le vacanze in alcuna delle nostre Case, coi necessarii sollievi. 311. Si allontanino inesorabilmente dalle nostre Case quelle giovani e quelle persone, che in qualche modo si conoscessero pericolose in cose di moralit e di religione, non eccettuate quelle, che frequentano anche solo l’Oratorio festivo Deliberazioni del secondo capitolo generale delle Figlie di Maria SS. Ausiliatrice [1886], 7476, en OE 36, 222-224.

⌫      

107


⌫⌫⌫         ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫⌫           ⌫         ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌫⌫⌫    ⌦     ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌦⌫   ⌫     ⌫ ⌫   90 Cf MB 10, 625-626. 91 Cf F. MACCONO, Santa Mar a D. Mazzarello. Cofundadora y primera Superiora General de las Hijas de Mar a Auxiliadora, Vol.II, Instituto Hijas de M Auxiliadora, Madrid, 1981, 109. 148-150. 92 Cf P. STELLA , Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit cattolica. Vol. I, 212-226; F. DESRAMAU T, Don Bosco fondatore dei Cooperatori, en M. MIDALI (ed.), Don Bosco Fondatore della Famiglia Salesiana. Atti del Simposio Roma-Salesianum (22-26 gennaio 1989), Editrice SDB, Roma, 1989, 325-357. 93 Cf F. DESRAMAUT, Don Bosco fondatore dei Cooperatori, 337-339.353-356.

108

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


  ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌦  ⌫    ⌫ ⌦⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌦ ⌫

 ⌫   ⌫    ⌫  

         ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ 

⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫  ⌫

94 Some of the most significant items were: Necessit of Sacerdozio Cattolico per la Religione, e pel benessere della civile Societ and The Salesian Congregation and will vocazioni ecclesiasticheIn BS 2 (1878) 1 5; Mancanza di Sacerdoti in France and in Italy. Mezzi per provvederne y Seconda risposta ad una passata rimostranza en BS 9 (1878) 1-5; Non impedite le vocazioni en BS 9 (1881) 4-5.

⌫      

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    ⌦  ⌦         ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫     ⌫⌫     ⌫    ⌦⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫            ⌫⌦  ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌦      ⌫   

95 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Don Bosco y la formaci n de las vocaciones eclesi sticas y religiosas, en J. M. PRELLEZO GARC A (ed.), Don Boscoen la historia, LAS, Roma, 1990, 405. 96 Cf P. BRAIDO , El sistema educativo de Don Bosco, 345.

110

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


 ⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦⌫    ⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌫           ⌫   ⌫  ⌦      ⌫⌫     ⌦⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫      ⌫ 97 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit 46. 398-399.

cattolica. Vol. II, 45-

98 These are the three main elements Don Bosco indicates in his Valentino”Valentino. Quali sono i segni che manifestano essere o non essere un giovane chiamato allo stato ecclesiastico? Direttore. La probit dei costumi, la scienza, lo spinto ecclesiastico. - Come conoscere se vi sia la probit dei costumi? - La probit dei costumi si conosce specialmente dalla vittoria dei vizi contrariial sesto comandamento e di ci bisogna rimettersi al parere del confessore. - Il confessore gi mi disse che per questo canto posso andare avanti nello stato ecclesiastico con tutta tranquillit . Ma e per la scienza? - Per la scienza tu devi rimetterti al giudizio dei superiori che ti daranno gli opportuni esami. - Che cosa s’intende per ispirito ecclesiastico? - Per ispirito ecclesiastico s’intende la tendenza ed il piacere che si prova nel prendere parte a quelle funzioni di chiesa che sono compatibili coll’et e colleoccupazioni. - Niente altro? - Vi una parte dello spirito ecclesiastico che d’ogni altra pi importante. Essa consiste in una propensione a questo stato per cui uno desideroso di abbracciarlo a preferenza di qualunque altro stato anche pi vantaggioso e pi glorioso G. BOSCO, Valentino o la vocazione impedita. Introduzione e testo critico (a cura di Mathew Pulingathil), = PiccolaBiblioteca ISS 6, LAS, Roma, 1987, 75-76 99 Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit

cattolica. Vol. II, 395.

⌫      

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 ⌦ ⌫ ⌫       ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫                   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌫            ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫     ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌦   

100 Cf P. BRAIDO, El sistema educativo de Don Bosco, 341-342. 101 Cf G. BOSCO, Memorie dal 1841 al 1884-5-6, en G. BOSCO, Scritti pedagogici e spirituali, J. BORREGO - P. BRAIDO - A. FERREIRA - F. MOTTO - J. M. PRELLEZO (eds.), LAS, Roma, 1987, 329-332. 102 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 158-159.

112

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


      ⌫  ⌫          ⌦ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫  ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫     ⌫⌦ ⌫    ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌦ 

103

Cf P. STELLA, Don Bosco nella storia della religiosit

cattolica. Vol. II, 212.

104

Cf For dreams with a pre-eminent vocational content. Cf F. JIM NEZ, Los sue os de Don Bosco, CCS, Madrid, 1989, 308-314.

⌫      

113


 ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫

      ⌫  ⌫    ⌫  

⌫⌫⌫  

⌫       ⌫    ⌦           ⌫ ⌫        ⌫ ⌫       ⌫                      ⌫   ⌫ ⌫        ⌫     ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫   

105 Lettere circolari di Don Michele Rua ai Salesiani, Direzione Generale delle Opere Salesiane, Torino, 1965, 121-122.137-138. 187-189. 193-194. 207208. 234-236. 245-246. 307-309. 339-341. 390-392. 408-409; Lettere circolari di Don Paolo Albera ai Salesiani, 136-146. 106 Cf Lettera circolare del Rettore maggiore D. Paolo Albera (15 maggio 1921) en Lettere circolari di Don Paolo Albera ai Salesiani, 479-547. 107 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 158-159.

114

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


   ⌫⌦     ⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫       ⌫    ⌫      ⌫ ⌫              ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌫       ⌫ ⌦  ⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌦

 

⌫    ⌫       ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫

108 Cf F. JIM NEZ, Aproximaci n a Don Bosco, 213-214. 109 Cf P. STELLA., Don Bosco nella storia economica e sociale (1815-1870), LAS, Roma, 1980, 319.321.

⌫      

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⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫       ⌦  ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌦   ⌫⌫               ⌫          ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌫  

110 MB 12, 12.

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 ⌫ ⌫ ⌫           ⌫ ⌫    ⌫    ⌫ ⌫     ⌦⌫       ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌦ ⌦   ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫⌦  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌦   ⌫   ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ 

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⌫      

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 

   ⌫    ⌫     ⌫     ⌫ ⌫  

 ⌦      ⌦    ⌫   ⌦⌦ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫     

118

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 ⌫ ⌫  ⌫     ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫      ⌫  ⌦     ⌫ 

. .. . .

 ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫          ⌫ ⌦⌫   ⌫⌫      ⌫⌦ ⌦  ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫

⌫      

119


.

 ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌦⌦       ⌫       ⌫     

   ⌫    ⌫      ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫             ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦        ⌫  ⌫⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   

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   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦                    ⌫        ⌦⌦⌫⌫⌫  ⌦  ⌫         ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌦       ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌫   ⌦⌦⌫     ⌫  ⌫    ⌦ ⌫         ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌦⌦⌫ ⌫   ⌫      

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  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦     ⌫     ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫  

     ⌫  

 ⌫   ⌫    ⌦⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫    ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫⌦  ⌫   ⌦

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 ⌫ ⌫   ⌦⌦  ⌦ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫     ⌫   ⌫       ⌫⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌦     ⌫ ⌫   ⌦  ⌫   ⌦⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫   ⌦    ⌦  ⌦⌦ ⌫       ⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫      ⌫      

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⌦  ⌫⌫  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫     ⌫   ⌫  ⌫     ⌫⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫    ⌦    ⌦⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫     ⌫    ⌫   ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌦  

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   ⌫⌫⌦ ⌦       ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌦   ⌫   ⌫     ⌫     ⌫ ⌫ ⌫    ⌦⌫⌦⌦ ⌦⌫⌦ 

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        ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌦⌫⌫    ⌫    ⌫                ⌫          ⌫   ⌫   ⌫     ⌫     ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫

⌫      

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⌫     ⌫  ⌦ ⌫  ⌫      ⌦ ⌫⌫  ⌦⌦⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫       ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫     ⌦⌫      ⌦ 

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 ⌫                      ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫    ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫        ⌦⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌫ 

.

        ⌫      ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫        ⌫       ⌫ ⌫     ⌫

⌫      

127


⌫ ⌫⌫⌦  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫  ⌦⌫   ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫     ⌦  ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌦ ⌦  ⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫             ⌫    ⌫                ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫

128

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫                 

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  ⌫  ⌫    ⌦  ⌫⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌦       ⌫   ⌫     ⌦     ⌫⌦     ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌦     ⌫  ⌫   ⌦ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌦   ⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌦

⌫      

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                     ⌫        ⌦      ⌦    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫                 ⌫   ⌫      ⌦  ⌫          ⌦ ⌫    ⌫    ⌫     ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫

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⌫           ⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌦      ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌦     ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫   ⌫

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  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫      ⌫   ⌫ ⌦⌫    ⌫  ⌦           ⌫    ⌦    ⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫     ⌫       ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌦ ⌫⌦⌦  ⌦⌫ ⌫   ⌦   ⌫  ⌫       ⌫        ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫    ⌦ ⌫      

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⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌦⌫ ⌦    ⌫⌦  ⌦     ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫ 

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      ⌫ ⌫   ⌦  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫⌦⌫    ⌫  ⌫ ⌫    ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫⌦⌦⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫     ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦      ⌫  ⌦   ⌦   

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⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫      ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫⌫  ⌦    ⌫  ⌫       ⌫⌦ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌦ ⌫   ⌫  ⌦    ⌫⌦   ⌫⌫⌦     ⌫ ⌫⌦⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫      ⌫  ⌫ 

⌫      

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⌫⌫⌫     ⌦⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫⌫⌦ ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫    ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫                   

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       ⌫ ⌦ ⌦       ⌫    ⌫         ⌫⌦⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌦⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌦⌫   ⌫ 

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⌦⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫             ⌦    ⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦ 

⌫      

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 ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫      ⌫⌫      ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌦ ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫         ⌦ ⌫       ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌫

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⌫  ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫

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   ⌫    ⌫           ⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌫     ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫     ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫

⌫      

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⌦⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌦   ⌫  ⌫⌫    ⌫   ⌫     ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌦⌦  ⌫⌫ ⌦    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫      ⌫ ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌦ ⌫⌫⌫⌦ ⌫  

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⌫⌫⌫ ⌦      ⌫⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫       ⌫      ⌫   ⌦      ⌫       ⌫            ⌦ ⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌦  ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫    ⌦ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ 

⌫      

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⌫  ⌫        ⌦⌫⌦       ⌫ ⌫      ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌦  ⌦⌫  ⌦ ⌫ 

 ⌫⌫⌫          

            ⌫     ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫⌫⌫⌫   ⌦  ⌫      ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌦⌫⌫

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           ⌫        ⌫      ⌫⌫ ⌦⌦⌫⌦⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫⌫   ⌦⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫     ⌦ ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫      ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫         ⌦  ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌦ 

⌫      

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⌫ ⌫ ⌦   ⌫  ⌦⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫   ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌫⌫⌫   ⌦       ⌫ ⌫                   ⌫       ⌦  ⌦  ⌫    ⌦ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫       ⌫    ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫            ⌫        ⌫ ⌫ ⌫   ⌦  ⌫ 

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  ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌦ ⌫⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦⌫  ⌫  ⌦   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌫ ⌦⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌫      ⌦ ⌦ ⌦⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦  ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫     ⌫      ⌦  ⌦   ⌫    ⌫  ⌫⌦   ⌦ 

⌫      

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⌫  ⌦    ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦  ⌫⌦   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫     ⌦   ⌫   ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫⌫     ⌫⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫

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    ⌦⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫

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  ⌫⌫              ⌫                               ⌫  ⌫  ⌫  ⌫     ⌫   ⌦      ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫    

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    ⌫         ⌫⌫  ⌦  ⌦ ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌦   ⌫⌫   ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫⌫   ⌫⌫    ⌫⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌫⌫    ⌫ ⌫   ⌫           ⌫    ⌫      

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⌫⌫⌫  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫       ⌦    ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌦     ⌫⌫ ⌫   ⌦ ⌫⌦⌫⌦  ⌫                   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫ ⌫    ⌦      ⌫        ⌦       ⌦  ⌫   ⌫  ⌫     ⌫⌦⌫                    ⌫   

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⌫⌫⌫  ⌦ 

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     ⌫         ⌫ ⌦⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫⌦⌫ ⌫⌫    ⌫ ⌫   ⌫   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫  ⌫    ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫        ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌫          ⌫     ⌫⌫ ⌫               ⌫           ⌫   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫      

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⌫ ⌦   ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫  ⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌫⌫ ⌫⌦⌦   ⌫⌦⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌦   ⌦⌫

  

⌫⌦ ⌦⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌫⌫   ⌫⌫       ⌫⌦ ⌦⌫ ⌫ 

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⌫  ⌫ ⌫       ⌫ ⌫⌫            ⌫⌦  ⌦   ⌫   ⌫ ⌦⌦     ⌦ ⌦⌦ ⌫⌦⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌫ ⌫   ⌦  ⌦⌫⌫     ⌫        ⌫         ⌫⌫⌫⌫  ⌫ ⌦  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫  

⌫      

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 ⌫   ⌫ ⌫            ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  ⌫ ⌦                  ⌫      ⌫  ⌦       ⌫          ⌫      ⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫⌫ ⌦   ⌫  ⌫ ⌫⌦  ⌫      ⌦  ⌫⌫⌫  ⌦

150

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⌫⌫    ⌫          ⌦  ⌫⌫ ⌫     ⌦⌫  ⌦⌫     ⌦⌦ ⌫⌫⌦    ⌫      

.. .

⌦⌫⌫⌫ ⌦⌫ 

.

⌫ ⌦                     ⌫ ⌫ ⌦⌦ 

⌫      

151


. . .

⌫       ⌦          ⌫     ⌫  ⌫    ⌫    ⌫                      ⌫             ⌫   ⌫  ⌦ ⌫  

      ⌫  ⌫   ⌦  ⌫   ⌫⌫⌦   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫          ⌫ ⌦  ⌦⌫⌫  ⌫⌦⌫⌫   ⌫ ⌦ ⌫  ⌫  

152

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9


⌫     ⌫   ⌫⌫ ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫        ⌫       ⌫  

⌫

. ..

        ⌫ 

 

 ⌦⌫    ⌫

  ⌫ 

⌫      

153


        ⌫       ⌫⌫⌫⌦  ⌫⌦ ⌫ ⌦   ⌦ ⌫                ⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫⌫ ⌫    ⌦⌫⌦⌦   ⌫ ⌫

⌫

. . ..

154

®‘ µ «‘ — ¬ 9

           ⌦      ⌦   ⌫⌦   ⌫ ⌫   ⌫  ⌫    ⌫ ⌫⌦    


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  ⌦ ⌫ ⌫ ⌫  ⌦     ⌫  

⌫⌦      ⌫  ⌫⌫     ⌫  ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫    ⌫ ⌦   ⌫ ⌫    ⌫  ⌫   ⌫ ⌫  ⌦ ⌦⌦    ⌫  ⌫   ⌫   ⌫       ⌦⌦ ⌫⌫     ⌫ ⌫  ⌫   ⌫⌫    

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⌫      

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จิตวิสัย 9  

กระแสเรียกในบริบทไทย คุณพ่อบอสโก

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