Page 1

lncWy

1

sabv 09


lncWy

2

sabv 09


Bbp¿thZØneqsS Hm¿-Ωi-‡n Iq-´p-∂s - X-ßs\? tUm. kp-io-¬-Ip-am¿

BAMS, MD

8

Hm-¿a- i-‡n Iq-´p-∂X - n-\p-≈ tbm-KhgnIƒ 4 kzman cmwtZhv

a-t\m-\n-b{- ¥-Ww F-ßs\?

11

⁄m-t\-iz-¿ Bcy

Hm¿ai‡n h¿≤n∏n°m≥

kwkv°mc{InbIfpsS ]cnÿnXnZ¿i\w kn.sI. kpPnØvIpam¿

13

BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjv

b⁄Øn¬ Bbp¿t∆Zw

24

K¿`m-[m\ kwkv°m-cØ - ns‚ imkv{Xo-bm-Sn-ÿm\w

28

kp]¿Æ°mgvN

31 34

15

Iogms\√q¿ ]ctaizc≥ \ºqXncn

thZßfnte°v aSßpI

18

"almflm'

]pkvXI]cnNbw \njnØvcmPv

bYm¿∞Øn¬ D]\njØp°fn¬ F¥mWv D≈Xv?

36

IØpIƒ

20

cmPp ]q™m¿ Cover & Inner Graphic Design: Shijoy.P

lncWy 1184 FShw˛anYp\w 1931 tPyjvTw˛BjmVw

Advisory Panel Keezhanelloor Parameswaran Namboodiri Aryabhaskar Dr. R. Radhakrishna Varma Dr. Harish Chandra

Managing Editor K. Meera Rajesh Editor Vivek. D. Shenoy Editorial Co-ordinator P.T. Vipindas Arya Deputy Editor Arun Prabakaran

kasyapa veda research foundation Reg. No. 54/07, IInd Floor, Sreekanteswara Complex, Mavoor Road, Calicut-4, Ph: 0495-4013599, 2724700 www.hinduveda.org.,kvrfoundation@gmail.com

lncWy

3

sabv 09


tbm-K-bp-sS a-¿-a-a-dn-™ hn-c-en-se-Æm-hp-∂ `m-cXob tbm-Kn-am-cn-¬ H-cm-fm-Wv _m-_m cmw tZ-hv F-∂ t]-cn-¬ A-dn-b-s∏-Sp-∂ kzm-an cmw-tZhv. kp-J-am-bn Po-hn-°m-≥ G-sXm-cm-ƒ°pw B-Zy-am-bn th≠-Xv B-tcm-Ky-ap-≈ i-co-chpw A-Xn-¬ B-tcm-Ky-ap-s≈m-cp a-\- p-am-Wv. l-T-tbm-K-k-{º-Zm-bØn-¬ Nn-´-s∏-SpØnb tbm-Km-k-\-ß-ƒ A-¤p-X-I-cam-b ^e-sØ \-¬-Ip-∂-XmWv. amdm-tcm-K-ßsf-t∏mepw am-‰m-≥ {]m-Wm-bm-am-Zn-I-fm-bh-°v I-gn-hp≠v. C-Xv B-¿°pw \n-jv-{]-bm-kw ]-Tn-s®-Sp°m-hp-∂-XmWv. C-Xv ]-Tn-°m\pw ]-cn-io-en-°m\pw C-∂ Pm-Xn-°m-ct\m a-X-°m-ct\m B-tI-≠ Im-cy-an-√. C-{Xbpw Im-cy-ß-ƒ hf-sc e-fn-X-am-bn tem-IØn-t\m-Sv ap-gp-h-≥ hn-fn-®p ]d-™v {]-bmWw \-S-Øp-∂ al-Zv hy-‡n-bm-Wv _m-_m cmw-tZhv. Ip-d-™ Im-ew sIm-≠v D-Ø-c-`m-c-X-Ønepw Z£n-W `m-c-X-Øn-¬ tIc-fw, X-an-gv-\m-Sv H-gn-sI-bp-≈-bn-S-ß-fn-ep-am-bn tIm-Sn-°-W-°n-\v A-\p-bmbn-I-ƒ D-≈ hy-‡n-bm-Wv kzm-an cmw tZhv. H-cp A¤p-X {]-hr-Ønbpw sN-ømsX, amPn-°p-I-ƒ ImWn-°m-sX im-kv{Xw am{Xw D-≤-cn-®v A-Xn-¬ ]-d-™n-cn-°p-∂-h am{Xw P-\-t£-a-Øn-\p th-≠n {]-N-cn∏n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°-bm-Wv C-t±lw. B-bp-¿-t∆-Z-Øn-s‚ K-th-j-W-Øn\pw a-cp-∂p \n-¿-am-WØn\pw hen-sbm-cp bq-Wn-‰p X-s∂ C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-ep≠v. amdm-tcm-K-ß-ƒ am-dn-b-h-cpsS ]´n-I \o-fp-tºm-ƒ km-[m-c-W-°m-¿ C-t±-l-Øn-\v H-cp Zn-hy ]-cn-th-jw \-¬-Im-≥ {i-an-°mdp≠v. A-t±-la-Xv H-cn-°epw kzo-I-cn-°m-dn-√. k-\ym-knbm-b H-cp B-Nm-cy-≥ am-{X-am-Wv Xm-s\-∂v A-t±-lw X-s‚ A-\p-bm-bnI-sf F-t∏mgpw Hm-¿-an-∏n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. tI-c-f-Øn-te-°v {]-h-¿Ø-\w hym-]n-∏n-°m-≥ D-t±-in-°p-∂ kzm-an cmw-tZhns‚ {]Xn\n[nIƒ Imiy-] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^u-t≠-j-\p-am-bn _-‘-s∏´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pI-bmWv.

kzman cmwtZhv

Ω-¿±w, sS-≥j-≥, im-cocn-I am-\kn-I X-I-cmdpI-ƒ, Xe-°p ]-‰p-∂ £-X-ß-ƒ A-ß-s\-bß-s\. k-¥p-en-Xam-b B-lmcw, \-∂m-bn N-h-®c®v I-gn-°p∂-Xv \n-ß-fpsS Hm-¿-ai-‡n h-¿-≤n∏n-°pw. H-cp Znh-kw \-S-∂ kw-`-h-ß-ƒ {I-a-Øn-¬

\n-

ß-ƒ tI-´tXm hm-bn-®tXm I-≠tXm Bb Im-cy-ß-ƒ F-{X X-s∂ {i-an®pw Hm-¿-sØSp-°m-≥ I-gn-bm-Ø A-h-ÿ-bm-Wv kv-ar-Xn£bw AYhm Hm-¿-Ω-°p-dhv. F-√m {]m-b-°mscbpw Cu-sbm-cp {]-iv-\w _m-[n-°mw. C-Xn\p Im-c-W-ß-ƒ \n-c-h-[n-bmWv. am-\kn-I k-

Hm-¿a- i-‡n Iq-´p-∂X - n-\p-≈ tbm-KhgnIƒ lncWy

44

sabv 09


Nn-¥n-°pI, Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq-´m-≥ C-sXm-cp \-√ hym-bm-a-amWv. l-T-tbm-K-Ønepw a‰pw ]-d-™n-cn-°p-∂ ]e tbm-Km-k-\-ß-ƒ°pw Hm-¿-a-i-‡n-sb Iq´p-∂-Xn-\p-≈ A-km-[m-c-Wam-b I-gn-hp-I-fp≠v. C-Xp \n-tXy-\ ]-cn-io-en-°p∂-Xv im-cocn-I am\kn-I i-‡n-°v D-]-Im-c-{]-Z-amWv, A-Xn-eq-sS \-ΩpsS Hm-¿-Ω-i‡n, Im-cy-{K-l-W-i‡n, _p≤n C-h Iq-Sp∂p. B-k-\-ß-fn-¬ k-¿-hmw-Kmk-\hpw `p-Pw-Km-k-\-hp-amWv Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq´p-∂-Xn-¬ ap-Jy-≥-am-¿.

°Ww. Xp-S-°-Øn-¬ C-Xv Ht∂m ct≠m an-\p-´v t\-c-tØ-°v sN-bv-Xm-¬ aXn. {I-a-am-bn C-Xv Iq´n Iq-´n A-c-- a-Wn-°q-¿ h-sc \o-´m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. 3. Im-ep-Iƒ - ]q-¿∆ - ÿ n-Xn-bn-em-°p∂-Xv hfsc ]-Xp-s° thWw. Im-ep-I-ƒ \o-´n-Øs∂, ]-Xp-s° Xm-gv-Øn-s°m-≠p h-cn-I. ]n-≥-`m-K-Øv Xm-ßp \-¬-In-bn-cp∂ ssI-I-ƒ am-‰n i-co-c-Øn\n-cp-h-iØpw tN¿-Øp sh-°p-I. BZyw ]n-≥`m-Kw ]n-∂o-Sv Im-ep-I-ƒ ]-Xp-s° Xm-tgm´p-sIm≠p-h-cn-I. hn-{i-an-°p-I. {i-≤n-t°-≠Xv I-gp-Øp-th-Z-\bpw _m-°v s]-bv\pw D-≈h-¿ C-Xv sN-ø-cpXv.

k-¿-hmw-Kmk\w C-Xn-s‚ \n--tXy-\-bp-≈ ]-cn-ioe-\w ip-≤c‡-sØ s{_-bn-\n-¬ F-Øn-°p∂p. A-Xv ]n‰yq´-dn {K-Ÿn-sb B-tcm-Ky-ap-≈-Xm-°p∂p, akv-Xn-jv°-sØ D-±o-]n-∏n-°p∂p. Ip-´n-Iƒ°v Hm¿-a-i-‡nbpw _p-≤n-i-‡nbpw Im-cy-{K-lW-tijnbpw Iq- ´ m- ≥ C-Xv G-‰hpw D-]Im-c-amWv. ssXtdm-bv-Uv {K-Ÿntbbpw ]n-‰yq´-dn {K-Ÿn-tbbpw D±o-]n-∏n°p-I h-gn Db- c w Iq- S p- ∂ Xn\pw C-Xv D-]Im- c - { ]- Z - a - s {X. £o- W - s Øbpw B-e-ky-sØ bpw A-I-‰m\pw s]m-ÆØ-Sn Ipd-bv-°m\pw C-Xn\p-≈ I-gn-hv A]m-c-amWv. IÆv, ImXv, aq-°v XpSßn-b A-h-b-hß-fp-sS B-tcmKy-Øn-\v C-Xv Dk-¿-hmw-Kmk\w Ø-aa - mWv. Z-l\ - ti-jn Iq-´p-∂-Xn\pw en-h-dn-s‚ B-tcm-KyØn\pw C-Xv hf-sc D-]-Im-c-{]-Z-amWv. k-¿-∆ Aw-K-ß-ƒ°pw Cu Bk-\w sIm-≠p-≈ D-]Im-cw In-´p-∂p-s≠-∂p Np-cp°w.

`p-Pw-Kmk\w Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq-´p-∂-Xn-\v G-sd D-]-Im-c-{]Zam-b B-k-\-am-WnXv. \-s´-√p kw-_-‘nbm-b \n-ch-[n A-kp-J-ß-ƒ-°p-≈ H-cp {]-Xn-hn-[n IqSn-bmWv Cu B-k\w. D-Zm-l-c-W-am-bn _m-°v s]-bv-≥, …n-]v Un-kvIv, sk-¿-ssh-°-¬ kv-t]m¨Un-tem-knkv. C-Xv ssX-tdm-bv-Uv {K-Ÿnsbbpw ]m-cm ssX-tdm-bv-Uv {K-Ÿn-tb-bpw i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p. B-kvfl tcm-Kn-I-ƒ°pw CXv G-sd Kp-Ww sN-øp-∂-XmWv. en-h-dn-s\ i‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂t- Xm-sSm-∏w hn-i∏ - n-√m-bva - b - v°pw C-Xv D-Ø-a {]-Xn-hn-[n-bmWv. A-kn-Un‰n, h-bdp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ a-‰v ]-e A-kp-J-ß-ƒ-°pw C-Xp Kp-Ww sN-øp-sa∂v Cu cw-K-Øp-≈-h-¿ ]d-bp∂p. sN-tø-≠ hn[w hb-dv \ne-Øv A-a¿-Øn In-S-°p-I. ssII-ƒ s\-©n-\n-cp-hi - Ø - p-am-bn \ne-Øv A-a¿-Øn sh-bv-°p-I. ssI-ap-´p-I-ƒ D-b-¿-∂n-cn-°Ww. `pP-ß-ƒ s\©n-t\m-Sv k-ao-]-am-bn-cn-°Ww. Imep-I-ƒ tN¿-Øv \o-≠p \n-h¿-Øn sh-°p-I. D≈w-Im-¬ ta-¬-t]m-´-`n-ap-J-am-bn-cn-°Ww. izm-kw D-≈n-te-°v ]-Xp-s°-sb-Sp-°p-I. AXn-t\m-sSm-∏w X-s∂ s\-©v ]-Xp-s° D-b-¿Øp-I. X-ebpw D-b-¿-Øp-I. s]m-°n-fn-\v Xm-sgbp-≈ `m-K-ß-ƒ X-d-bn-¬ \n∂pw D-b-¿-Ø-cpXv. \n-߃-°v I-gn-bp-∂n-St- Øm-fw s\©pw X-ebpw ]n-∂n-te-°v D-b-¿-ØpI. Cu s]m-kn-j-\n-¬ 30 sk°-‚ v \n-¬-°p-I. ]-Xp-s° ]q-¿-∆-ÿn-Xn-bnte-°v h-cn-I. C-Xv I-gn-bp∂-{X X-h-W B-h-¿Øn-°p-I.

sN-øp-∂ hn-[w 1. \o-≠p \n-h-¿∂p, a-e¿-∂p In-S-°p-I. Imep-I-ƒ H-∏-am-bn-cn-°Ww. ssI-I-ƒ C-cp-h-i-ßfn-ep-am-bn tN-¿-Øv sh-°p-I. D-≈w ssI X-dtbm-Sv tN¿-Øp sh-®n-cn-°Ww. 2. izm-kw ]-Xp-s° A-I-tØ-s°-Sp-°pI, AXn-t\m-sSm-∏w X-s∂ Im-ep-I-ƒ H-cp-an-®v 300 D-b-¿-Øp-I, Xp-S-¿-∂v 600 H-Sp-hn-¬ 900 (IpØs\). Im-ep-I-ƒ D-b-¿-Øp-∂ t\-cw ]n-≥-`m-K-Øn\v ssI sIm-≠v Xm-ßv \-¬I - m-hp-∂X - mWv. ssIap-´p-I-ƒ \ne-Øp ap-´n-bn-cn-°Ww. Im-¬-]m-Z-߃ D-b-¿-∂n-cn-°Ww. I-Æp-I-ƒ AS-®p ]n-Sn°mw. A-s√-¶n-¬ Im-¬-hn-c-en-¬ Zr-„n ]-Xn-∏n-

`pPwKmk\w lncWy

5

sabv 09


{i-≤n-t°-≠Xv: sl-¿-Wn-b-bp-sS A-kpJ-ap-≈-h-¿ C-Xp ]-cn-io-en-°-cpXv. {]m-Wm-bmaw B-k\ - ß - f - p-w AXn-t\m-sS-Øv {]m-Wm-bmahpw {I-a-am-bn ]-cn-io-en-°p∂-Xv i-co-c-Øns‚bpw a-\- n-s‚bpw B-tcm-Ky-Øn-\v Kp-Ww sN-øp-∂-Xm-Wv. `kv{- Xn-I {]m-Wm-bmaw, I-]m-e` - mXn, {_m“m-cn {]m-Wm-bm-aw C-hb - m-Wv G-‰hpw D-Øaw. C-h a-dhn-tcmK-sØ C-√m-Xm-°n I-¿-a-i-‡nsb Iq-´p-∂p. I]m-e-`m-Xn {]m-Wm-bm-aw C-Xv ]-cn-ip-≤ Po-thm¿-÷w s{_-bv-\n-\v \-¬I - p∂p. s{_-b\ v- n-te-°p-≈ c-‡N - w-{Ia-Ww Iq-´p-Ibpw ª-Uv t¢m-´pI-sf C-√m-Xm-°p-Ibpw sN-øp∂p. Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq-´p∂p. C-Xn\p ]pdsa i-co-c-Øn-¬ \n∂pw hn-jß-sf \o-°w sNøp- ∂ - X n\pw A- \ y- ] - Z m- ¿ - ∞ ß- s f ]p- d w- X ≈m\pw k-lm-bn-°p∂p. A-e-¿Pn, ssk-\ssk-‰nkv, sS-≥-j-≥ Xp-S-ßn-bh-sb am-‰p∂p. Xm-sg ]-db - p∂ tcm-Kß - f - nepw I-]m-e` - m-Xn {]mWm-bm-aw A-¤p-X-I-c-ßfm-b ^-eß-sf Xcp-∂p. B-kv-fl, XzIv-tcm-Kß-ƒ, lr-t{Zm-Kß-ƒ, c-‡-k-Ω-¿±w(BP), hn-jm-Z-tcmKw (depression), _-e-°p-d-hv, B-e-kyw, D-d-°-an√m-bv-a, sN-∂n-°pØv (migraine), k-‘n-thZ\, s]m-Æ-ØSn, a-e-_‘w (constipation) Zl-\-°pd-hv Xp-S-ßnb-h.

I]me`mXn {]mWmbmaw

cep-sIm-≠v aq-°n-s‚ he-Xp Zzm-cw AS-®p ]nSn-°p-I. CS-Xp Zzm-c-Øn-eq-sS i-‡n-bm-bn hmbp ]p-dw-X-≈p-I. Xp-S¿-∂v A-Xn-eq-sS X-s∂ \∂m-bn izm-k-sa-Sp-°p-I. Xp-S¿-∂v CS-Xv Zzm-cw AS-®p ]n-Sn-°p-I. he-Xp Zzm-c-Øn-eq-sS i-‡am-bn hm-bp ]p-dw-X-≈p-I. ]n-∂o-Sv A-Xn-eq-sSXs∂ \-∂m-bn izm-k-sa-Sp-°p-I. Cß-s\ am-dn am-dn hm-bp ]p-d-Øm-°p-Ibpw D-≈n-te-s°-Sp°p-Ibpw sN-øp-I. Xp-S-°-Øn¬ 20˛25 X-h-W C-Xv B-h-¿-Øn-°p-I. {I-a-am-bn 60 F-Æ-sa¶nepw sN-øm-≥ {i-an-°p-I. i-co-c-Øns\ ]oUn-∏n-°p-∂ X-cØ - n-em-bn-cn-°c - p-Xv A-`ymkw. \√ £-a-tbm-Sp-Iq-SnØ-s∂ sN-øp-I. `-kv-{Xn-I {]m-Wm-bmaw a-kv-Xn-jv-I-Øn-\v ip-≤am-b F-\¿-Pn e-`n°p-tºm-ƒ B-tcmKyw h-¿-≤n-°p∂p. {]m-W\pw a-\ pw im-¥-am-Ip∂p, \m-Uo-£-bw am-dp∂p, Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq-Sp∂p. {Xn-tZmjßsf (hmXw, ]nØw, I^w) ]-cn-l-cn-°p∂p. X-e-t®m-dn-¬ \n∂p-ap-≠m-Ip-∂ hn-ja - X - I-sf ]-cn-lc - n-°p∂p. CXv a-d-hn-sb C-√m-Xm-°p∂p. Z-l-\i-‡n Iq´p∂p. tem _n.]n.°m¿-°v C-Xv G-sd Kp-W-Ic-amWv. Un-{]j-≥, D-d-°-an-√m-bv-a, ap-´p thZ-\, X-e-thZ-\, {]-talw, s]m-Æ-ØSn, hn-i-∏n-√mbv-a, B-kv-fl F-∂n-h-bv°pw C-Xv D-Ø-au-j-[amWv. C-Xv lr-Z-b-Øn-t\bpw izm-k-tIm-i-ßtfbpw i-‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p.

sN-tø-≠ hn[w ]- fl m- k - \ - Ø n- ¬ C- c n- ° p- I . ssI- I ƒ sIm-≠v {]m-Wm-bm-aap-{Z F-Sp-°p-I. X-≈-hn-

sN-tø-≠ hn[w ]-Xv-am-k-\-Øn-¬ C-cn-°p-I. izm-kw \∂mbn, ]-c-amh-[n i-‡n-bm-bn D-≈n-te-s°-Sp°p-I. A-{Xbpw i‡n-tbm-sSØ-s∂ hm-bp ]pd-tØ-°v I-f-bp-I. izm-k D-—zm-k-ß-ƒ B-h-¿Øn-°p-I. £o-Ww tXm-∂p-tºm-ƒ hn-{i-an-°pI. C-Xv 30˛40 X-h-W B-h-¿-Øn-°p-I. A-hkm-\w D-≈n-se hm-bp-hn-s\ ap-gp-h-\mbpw ]pdw-X-≈p-I. ]-Xp-s° hm-bp-hn-s\ D-≈n-te-s°Sp-°p-I. D-≈n-¬ \n-¿-Øn-s°m-≠v Pm-e-¥-c_‘w sN-øpI. (Pm-e-¥-c-_-‘w˛hm-bp-hn-s\ \∂m-bn D-≈n-te-s°-Sp-°p-I. A-Xp I-gp-Øp hsc \n-d-™Xp-t]m-se tXm-∂p-tºm-ƒ X-e Ip\n-®v Xm-Sn s\-©n-¬ ap-´n-°p-I. Aß-s\ hm-

{]mWmbmaw lncWy

6

sabv 09


sN-øp-∂ hn[w ]-Xva - m-k\ - Ø - n-¬ C-cn-°p-I. D-≈n-ep-≈ hmbp-hn-s\ ]p-d-Øm-°p-I. ]-Xp-s° hm-bp D-≈nte-s°-Sp-°p-I. I-gn-bp-∂-{X hm-bp-hn-s\ D-≈nte-s°-Sp-°p-I. D-≈n-te-s°-Sp-Ø hm-bp ]p-dwX-≈p-tºm-ƒ aq-°p sIm-≠v H-cp sNdn-sbm-cp i-–-ap-≠m-°pI. 'Hmw' F-∂-Xnse 'a' D-—-cn-°p∂Xp-t]m-ep-≈ i-–-tam, A-s√-¶n-¬ tX-\o-® ]qhn-\v Np‰pw ]-d-°p-tºm-ƒ D-≠m-°p-∂ i–tam D-≠m-°pI. Cu i-–w I-gn-bp-∂-{X a[p-c-a-b-am-°p-I. X-≈-hn-cep-sIm-≠v C-cp-sNhnbpw A-S-bv-°p-I, ]pd-sØ i-–-ß-ƒ t\-cn-´v h-cm-Xn-cn-°m-≥. hn-c-ep-I-ƒ s\-‰n-bn-¬ tN¿-Øp sh-bv-°p-I. hm-bp D-≈n-te-s°-Sp-°p-I. ]p-dtØ-s°-Sp-°p-tºm-ƒ ta-¬-]-d-™ i-–w D-≠m°p-I. H-c-©p-an-\p-´v C-Xm-h-¿-Øn-°pI. {i-≤n-t°-≠Xv: i-co-cw C-f-Im-Xn-cn-°m-≥ {i-≤n-°p-I. D-b-¿-∂ c-‡-k-Ω-¿-±-ap-≈-t∏m-ƒ, aqe-°p-cp-hp-≈h-¿, A-kn-Un-‰n Xp-S-ßn-b-h-¿ CsXm-gn-hm-°p-I.

kzman cmwtZhns‚ tbmKin_ncw

bp-hn-s\ _-‘n°p-I; i-co-c-Øn-\v hn-j-a-ap-≠mIp-∂ hn-[-Øn-¬ sN-ø-cpXv. ]-Xp-s° X-e Db¿-Øn hm-bp-hn-s\ ]p-d-Øm-°p-I) Xp-S¿-∂v aqe_-‘w sN-øpI. (aq-e_-‘w ]-Zv-am-k-\-Øn¬ C-cp∂v, ssI-I-ƒ c≠pw Im-¬-ap-´n-¬ tN-¿Øp-sh-°p-I. izm-kw \-∂m-bn D-≈n-te-s°-Sp°p-I. F-Sp-Ø hm-bp D-≈n-¬Ø-s∂ \n-dp-ØpI. sNdn-b a¿-±w D-]-tbm-Kn-®v aqe-sØ ap-I-fnte-°p-b-¿-Øp-I. aq-em-[m-c-Øn-¬ \n-∂p-ap≈ Hcp i-‡n-sb D-b¿-Øn ap-I-fn-te-°v sIm-≠p-hcp-∂-Xm-bn `m-h-\ sN-øp-I. sIm-≠ph-∂v Ipd®v sk-°-‚p-I-ƒ Aß-s\ X-s∂ \n¿-Øp-I. A-t∏mgpw Kp-Zw ap-I-fn-te-°v D-b-¿-∂p-X-s∂-bncn-°Ww. ]-Xp-s° ]q-¿-∆-ÿn-Xn-bn-te-°v h-cnI, hm-bp-hn-s\ ]p-dw-X-≈pI.) BZyw Pm-e-¥-c_-‘w sN-bvXv, Xm-Sn s\©n-¬ ap-´n-®v hm-bp-hn-s\ _-‘n-°p-I. A-tXmsSm-∏w aq-e_‘w sN-bv-Xv KpZ-sØ ta-¬-t∏m´p-b¿-Øn Xm-sg \n∂pw _‘n-°p-I. A-Ø-cØn-¬ hm-bp-hn-s\ X-Sp-Øp \n-¿-Øp-I. A-ev-]t\-c-Øn-\p ti-jw _-‘-\-ß-ƒ Ab-®p hn-SpI. BZyw X-e ]-Xp-s° D-b-¿-Øp-I. Xp-S¿-∂v aq-e_-‘w hn-Sp-hn-°p-I. C-cp-aq-°n-eq-sSbpw hmbp-hn-s\ ]p-dw-X-≈p-I. C-Xm-Wv H-cp `-kv-{Xn-Im{]m-Wm-bmaw. C-Xv ct≠m aqt∂m X-h-W Bh-¿-Øn-°pI. {i-≤n-t°-≠Xv: izm-k-sa-Sp-°p-tºmgpw ]pdw-X-≈p-tºmgpw i-co-cw C-f-°m-Xn-cn-°p-I. Db-¿-∂ c-‡-k-Ω-¿-±-ap-≈h-¿, aq-e-°pcp, A-knUn-‰n F-∂o tcm-K-ß-fp-≈-h-¿ C-Xp sN-ø-cp-Xv. {_-“m-cn {]m-Wm-bmaw a-kv-Xnjv-I kw-_-‘nbm-b \n-ch-[n Akp-J-߃-°v C-Xp hf-sc D-Ø-a-amWv. sS-≥j≥, am-\kn-I hn-t£m`w, t{Im[w, D-d-°-an-√mbv-a, Un-{]-j-≥ F-∂n-h-sb√mw AI‰n Hm-¿-a i-‡n Iq-´p∂p. lrZv-tcm-Kn-I-ƒ°pw C-Xv hfsc B-izm-kw \-¬-Ip∂p. {]-ta-l-Øn-\pw, s]mÆ-Ø-Sn-°pw, \m-Uo-£-b-Øn\pw \-s√m-cp ]cn-lm-c-am-Wv CXv. ssK-\-t°m-f-Pn-°-¬ A-kpJ-ß-¬°pw C-Xv A-¤p-X-I-cam-b ^e-sØ \¬-Ip-∂-XmWv.

Hm-¶m-cP]w Hm-¶m-cP - ]w Hm-¿a - i - ‡n-sb Iq-´p-∂X - mWv. am-\-kn-Ii-‡n Iq-´m-≥ C-Xn-\v A-]m-c-I-gn-hp-≠v.

""l-Tt- bm-KØ - nepw a‰pw ]-d™ n-cn-°p∂ ]e tbm-Km-k-\-ß-ƒ°pw Hm-¿-ai-‡n-sb Iq-´p-∂-Xn-\p-≈ A-km-[mc-Wam-b I-gn-hp-I-fp≠v. C-Xp \n-tXy\ ]-cn-io-en-°p∂-Xv im-cocn-I am-\knI i-‡n-°v D-]-Im-c-{]-Z-amWv, A-Xneq-sS \-ΩpsS Hm-¿-Ω-i‡n, Im-cy-{Kl-W-i‡n, _p-≤n C-h Iq-Sp∂p.''

sN-tø-≠ hn[w Hm-¶m-cw k-I-e {]-]-©-Ønepw \nd-™p h-¿-Øn-°p-∂ \m-Z-amWv. ]-t£ \-ap-°v A-Xv A-\p-`-hn-°m-≥ I-gn-bp-∂n-√. B-¥cn-I ]-cn-h-¿Ø-\-Øn-\v th-≠n-bm-bn-cn°Ww 'Hmw' a{¥w P-]n-t°-≠Xv. AXv Du-¿÷-sØ D-¬-]m-Zn-∏n°p-I-bpw B-¥cn-I i-‡n Iq-´p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. sN-tø-≠ hn[w hm-bp D-≈n-te-s°-Sp-°pI. Hmwanse BZy A-£-camb 'A' D®-cn-°p-I, hm-bv ]-Xp-s° A-S®p-sIm-≠v c-≠ma-sØ A-£-cam-b 'D' D®cn°p-I hm-b A-S-bv-°p-I, AS-®p sIm-≠v 'a' D-®-cn-°pI. 'A' 'D' 'a' F-∂ Cu aq-∂v A£-c-߃°v Du-∂¬ sIm-Sp-°p∂-Xv h-bdv, s\©v, a-kv-Xn-jv-Iw C-h-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ Akp-Jß - ƒ-°v D-Øa - a - mWv. Hm-¿a - i - ‡ - n-b° v pw hfsc hn-ti-j-am-Wv. {i-≤n-t°-≠-Xv: sl-¿Wn-b D-≈-h-¿ C-Xp ]-cn-io-en-°-cp-Xv.  lncWy

7

sabv 09


Hm¿Ωi‡n h¿≤n∏n°p∂Xn\pw at\m_ew Iq´p∂Xn\pw {]mNo\ Bbp¿thZ BNmcy≥am¿ \nch[n Huj[ßfpw Huj[{]tbmKßfpw apt∂m´psh®n´p≠v. B[p\nI ImeØv A\ptbmPyamb hn[Øn¬, A\pIcWobamb amXrIbn¬ D]tbmKn°mhp∂ Bbp¿thZ Iq´pIfpsS clkyamb hniZoIcWßfmWv Cu teJ\Øn¬

tUm. kp-io-¬-Ip-am¿

[p\n-I Po-hn-X-ssi-en a-\p-jy-cp-sS s{_-bv-\ns\ h-ep-Xm-bn kzm-[o-\n-®n-´p≠v. Xnc-°p ]n-Sn® ,sjUyq-fpI-ƒ, `m-cn® tPm-en-I-ƒ Xp-S-ßnb-h A-hc - psS Hm-¿a - i - ‡ - n-sb h-fs - c-b[ - n-Iw tZmj-I-c-am-bn _m-[n-®n-´p≠v. Xn-c°pw k-Ω-¿-±hpw Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ Xm-fw sX-‰n-°p-tºm-ƒ ]-cn-lmcw \n-¿-t±-in-s®-Øp∂-Xv em-`-s°m-Xn-b-≥-amcmb hn-tZ-i-I-º-\n-Ifpw A-h-cp-sS C-hn-Sp-sØ Z√m-ƒa - m-cpw. Hm-¿a - ° - pd-hv ]-cn-lc - n-°s - ∏Sptam F∂v bm-sXm-cp D-d-∏p-an-√, Imc-Ww I-gn-°p-∂h\v kz-bta-h am-{X-ta A-Xp ]-co-£n-°m-≥ km[n°q. H-cp Imcyw \n-›-b-amWv. B a-cp-∂p-Iƒ-s°m-s° ]m-¿-iz-^-e-ß-ƒ D-s≠-∂Xv.

BAMS, MD

B-bp-¿-th-Zw

B-bp- n-s\-°p-dn-®p-≈ A-dnhmWv. B-tcm-Ky-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn F-ßn-s\ Zo-¿-LIm-ew Po-hn-°mw? A-Xn-\p-≈ X-S- ß-sf Fßn- s \ Xc- W w sN- ø mw? F- ∂ Nn- ¥ - b n- ¬ \n∂pw \n-ch-[n D-Øc - ß - ƒ - B-bp-¿t- hZ-Øn-s‚ ]-°e - p≠v. h-f¿-∂p hn-Ik - n-® Hu-j[ - imJ Bbp-¿-th-Z-Øn-\p-≠v. sN-Sn-I-fp-sS c-k-Øn-¬ \n∂pw tXm-en-¬ \n-∂pw, ^-e-ß-fn-¬-\n-∂pw, C-e-I-fn-¬ \n∂pw D-≠m°n-b a-cp-∂p-I-ƒ Im-gvN-bv° - v hen-b `w-Kn-bn-s√-¶nepw amdm-tcm-Kß - ƒ°p h-sc ^-e-{]-Z-am-Ip-∂-XmWv. C∂-sØ B-

Bbp¿thZØneqsS Hm¿-Ωi-‡n Iq-´p-∂s- X-ßs\?

lncWy

88

sabv 09


B-bp-¿-thZw kp-c-£n-Xam-b Hcp Hu-j-[ ]≤Xn {]-[m-\-am-bpw \-Ωp-sS a-kv-Xn-jv-°-Øn-\v aq-∂v `m-K-ß-fp≠v. t_m[w, D-]-t_m[w, A-t_m-[w a\ v Cu aq-∂p kv-ar-Xn-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´XmWv. t_m-[ a\- v D-W-¿-∂n-cn-°p-∂ Nn-¥bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´-XmWv. Xn-cn-s®-Sp-°m-≥ {ia-I-cam-b Nn¥, Hm-¿-a-bp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´-Xm-Wv D-]-t_m-[ a-\ v. Hm-¿-sØ-Sp-°m-≥ km-[n-°mØ Hm-¿-a-I-fm-Wv A-t_m-[ a-\- n-ep-≈Xv. At_m-[-a-\- n-ep-≈ Im-cy-ß-ƒ kz-]v-\-ßfpw a‰p-am-bn A-]q¿-∆w k-ab-Øv \-ap-°v A-\p-`-hs∏-Sm-dp-≠v.

Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq-´p-∂-Xn-\p-≈ F´v D-]m-bß-ƒ 1. {_-lv-an s]m-Sn-®v 250 an-√n-{Kmw ap-X-¬ 500 an√n-{Kmw ]m-en-¬ tN¿-Øv Zn-h-khpw cm-hn-se I-gn-°p∂-Xv hf-sc Kp-W-I-c-amWv. 2. N-c-Ihpw kp-{ip-Xhpw ]-d-bp∂p. aq-∂p-{Kmw ]-®°-dn A-Xn-s‚ c-kw ]n-gn-™v Ip-Sn-°p∂Xv Hm-¿-a-i-‡n-°v \-√-XmWv. {_-“n-bp-sS C-e-IfmI-s´ A-cp-Nn D-≈-h-bpa-√. 3. i-¶p-]p-jv]w Hm-¿-Ω-i-‡n-°v hf-sc \-√-XmWv. D-W-°n-s∏m-Sn-® i-¶p-]p-jv-]w aq-∂p ap-X-¬ Bdph-sc {Kmw ]m-en-¬ tN¿-Øv I-gn-°p∂-Xv hfsc \-√-XmWv F-∂p `m-h{]-Imiw ]dbp∂p. a-kv-Xn-jv-°-Øn-s‚ {]-h-¿-Ø-\-ß-ƒ Xz-cn-X-KXn-bn-em-°m-≥ C-Xp-]-I-cn-°pw.

B-tcm-Ky-I-cam-b a-kv-Xn-jv-°-Øn\v A-Xy-¥m-t]-£n-Xam-b hn-‰m-an-\pI-ƒ hn-‰m-an-≥ _n˛1: ap-f-∏n-® [m-\yß-ƒ, C-e-°dnI-ƒ, \n-e°-S-e ap-X-em-b-h-bn-¬ \n-∂p e-`n°p∂p. hn-‰m-an-≥ _n˛2: ]mev, Nokv, ]-®-°-dnI-ƒ, Dcp-f° - n-gßv, ]-gß - ƒ - C-hb - n-¬ \n-∂p e-`n-°p∂p. hn-‰m-an-≥ _n˛6 : [m-\y-ß-ƒ, D-W-°-∏-bdv, Dcp-f-°n-gßv, ]-gß-ƒ, ]-®-°-dn-I-ƒ C-h-bn-¬ \n∂pw e-`n-°p-∂p. hn-‰m-an-≥ _n˛12: ]mev, ssXcv, No-kv C-h-bn¬ \n∂pw e-`n-°p-∂p. hn-‰m-an-≥˛kn: X-°mfn, aØ-≥, \mc-ß, C-e°-dnI-ƒ, Im-t_-Pv Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bn-¬ \n-∂p In´p-∂p. hn-‰m-an-≥˛C: X-°mfn, D-W-°-∏-bdv, ]-b-dp-h-¿§-ß-ƒ Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bn-¬ \n∂pw e-`n-°p∂p.

4. {]-i-kv-Xam-b B-bp-¿-th-Z-{K-Ÿamb ss`-j-Pyc-Xv-\mh-en ]-d-bp∂-Xv {_-lvan, i-¶p-]p-jv]n, _Zmw C-h Zn-h-khpw I-gn-°p∂-Xv X-e-t®m-dnse tIm-iß-sf i-‡n-s∏-Sp-Øp∂p, X-e-t®mdn-\v H-cp X-cw Iq-fnw-Kv C-^-Iv-‰v \-¬-Ip∂p. Hm¿-a-i-‡n°pw \m-Uo-kw-_-‘nbm-b A-kp-Jß-ƒ°pw C-Xv D-Ø-a-amWv. 5. B-bp-¿th-Z {K-Ÿam-b 'Nn-In-’m N-t{µm-Zbw' H-cp cm-k-]-Zm-¿-∞-sa-∂ \n-e-bn-¬ {_-lv-an-bpsS {]m-[m-\y-sØ-°p-dn-®p ]-d-bp∂p. {_-lv-an Zn- h tk- \ I- g n- ° p∂- X v Nn- ¥ mi- ‡ n Iq- ´ phm\pw hn-j-b-{K-l-W-ti-jn Iq-´m\pw D-]-I-cn°p-∂p-sh-∂mWv. AXp-t]m-se _-Zmapw Icnºpw tN¿-Øv D-≠m-°p-∂ ]-e-lm-cw B-tcmKy-I-chpw Hm-¿-a-i-‡n-°v D-Ø-a-hp-amWv.

B-h-iyam-b [m-Xp-e-h-Wß-ƒ Im-’yw: ]-b-dp-h-¿-§ß-ƒ, [m-\yß-ƒ tkm-Unbw: ]- b - d p- h - ¿ - § ß- ƒ , Nokv , `- £ y tbmKyam-b H-cp-hn-[w F-√m h-kv-Xp-°-fnepw CXv Im-Wmw. C-cpºv: ]-®-°-dnI-ƒ, ]-b-dp-h-¿§ß-ƒ, \n-e°S-e Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bn-¬ s]m-´m-kyw: ]-bdv, [m-\yß-ƒ, ]mev, ]gw, {][m-\-ambpw hm-g-∏-g-Ønepw Hm-d-©n-epw. kn¶v: ]-bdv, [m\yw a-Kv-\o-jyw: tkm-bm-_o-≥, ]mev, ]-®-°dn, InW-¿ sh-≈w Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bn¬. ^vfq-ssdUv: Nm-b, Im∏n, tkm-bm-_o-≥, Ip-Snsh-≈w Xp-S-ßn-b-h-bn¬. sNºv: [m-\yw, IqWv, ]-®-]-´mWn, ]b-dv Xp-Sßn-b-h-bn¬

6. ]-Øp-{Kmw tX-\n-¬ H-cp {Kmw Ip-cp-apf-Ip tN¿Øv cm-hn-sebpw ssh-Io´pw tk-hn-°p-I. CXv Hm-¿-a-i-‡n-°v hn-ti-j-hp-amWv. A-Im-e-Øn-¬ ap-Sn \-c-°p-∂-Xn-\p-≈ H-cp {]-Xn-hn-[n-Iq-SnbmWv. I-Æn-\pw D-Ø-a-am-Wv. 7. D-gn-®n-en-\v B-bp-¿-th-Zw \-√ {]m-[m\yw \-¬Ip-∂p≠v. Im-¬-]m-Z-ß-fnepw s\-dp-I-bnepw ISp-sI-Æ ]p-c-´p∂Xv Hm-¿-Ω-i-‡n-°v \-√-XmWv. Im-gv-N-i-‡n°pw D-Ø-a-amWv 8. In-g-t°m´pw sX-t°m´pw X-e-sh-®v D-d-ßp-∂h¿°v Hm-¿-ai-‡n Iq-Sp-sa-∂v Nn-e {K-Ÿ-߃ ]-d-bp∂p.

sh-bne-Øp Nq-Sm°n-b F-Æ 1. kq-cy-{]-Im-it- a-‰ F-Æb - v° - v a-kvX - n-jv° - kw_-‘nbmb tcm-Kß-sf Ip-d-bv-°m-\p-≈ I-gnlncWy

9

sabv 09


hp≠v. Cu F-Æ X-øm-dm-°p∂-Xv C-\n ]-dbpw {]-Im-c-amWv. \o-e-\n-d-Øn-ep-≈ Ip-∏n-sb-Sp-°pI. F-s≈-Æ, I-Sp-sI-Æ, sh-fn-s®-Æ C-h-bn¬ G-sX-¶nep-sam-s∂-Sp-Øv aq-∂p am-kw kqcy-{]-Im-iw sIm-≈n-°p-I. Ip-∏n \ne-Øp sh°-cpXv. a-c-∏-e-I-bpsStbm at‰m ap-I-fn-¬ shbv-°p-I. Ip-∏n-bp-sS hm-bv ]-cp-Øn XpWn-sIm-

≠v aq-Sp-I. Xp-Wn Zn-h-khpw am-‰pI. Cu F-Æ a- \ -   n- s \ Iq- S p- X - ¬ i- ‡ - a m- ° p∂p, Iq- f m°p∂p, ap-Sn-bp-sS B-tcmKyw Iq-´p∂p. Cu FÆ X-S-hp∂-Xv i-co-c-Øn-s‚ sam-Ø-Øn-ep-≈ B-tcm-Ky-Øn\pw \-√-XmWv. I-Æp-I-fn-sebpw I-øn-sebpw Im-en-s‚bpw ]p-I-®n-en\pw \m-Uo£-b-Øn\pw C-Xv \-√ {]-Xn-hn-[n-bmWv. 

hn-Pb - Ø - n-te-°p-≈ G-gp h-gn-Iƒ - Gh? DØ-cw \n-ß-fp-sS ap-dn-bn-¬ \n-∂p X-s∂ I-s≠-Øq

^m-≥ ]-d-bp∂p: im-¥-\mIq.

P-\-¬ ]-d-bp∂p: tem-Iw Im-Wq

t¢m-°v ]-d-bp∂p: Hmtcm an-\p‰pw hne-]n-Sn-®-XmWv.

ta-¬Ø-´v ]-d-bp-∂p: Rm-≥ D-b-c-ØnemWv. D-bc-Øn-seØm-\p-≈ e£y -t_m-[w thWw.

I-e-≠-¿ ]-d-bp∂p: Im-tem-Nn-X-am-bn {]-h-¿-Øn°q.

hm-Xn-¬ ]-d-bp∂p: t\-´-߃-°p-th-≠n I-Tn-\-am-bn {]h-¿-Øn-°q. \nß-sf kz-bw X-≈n-Xp-d-∂m-epw.

I-Æm-Sn ]-d-bp∂p: {]-h¿-Øn-°p-∂-Xn-\v ap≥- ] v kz¥w apJw I-Æm-Snbnsem-∂p ImWq.

lncWy

10

sabv 09


a\ ns\ Fßs\bmWv \nb{¥n°pI? ⁄m-t\-iz-¿ Bcy

°p∂p. H-cm-ƒ "tS∏v' Hm-¨ sN-øp-tºm-ƒ am{Xw, i-–-ß-ƒ ]p-d-Øp-h-cp∂p. A-√m-sX i–-߃ - X-∂Ø - m-≥ ]p-dØ - p-hc - p-∂n-√. AXp-t]mseX-s∂ t_m-[-cq-]nbm-b B-flm-hv B-{K-ln°p-tºm-ƒ am-{X-am-Wv G-XpX-cw Nn-¥bpw a-\ n-¬ D-b-cp-∂Xv. C-Xm-Wv a\- v {]-h-¿-Øn-°p∂ H-cp coXn. C-Xn-\p ]p-dsa, a-\- n-s‚ {]-h-¿Ø-\w Hcp Iym-a-d-bp-sS {]-h-¿Ø-\w t]m-se a-\- n-em°Ww. H-cp t^m-t´m-{Km-^-¿ X-\n-°v B-{K-lap-≈ F-¥n-s‚-sb-¶nepw t^mt´m F-Sp-°m-≥ th≠n, Iyma-d Hm-Wm-°p∂p, se≥-kv i-cn-bm°p-∂p F-∂n´p t^m-s´-sb-Sp-°p∂p. X-\n-°v C-„-a-√m-Ø H-∂n-s‚ t^mt´m A-bm-ƒ F-Sp°p-∂n-√. AXp-t]m-seX-s∂ B-flm-hv A-dn-hns\ a-\- n-¬ kq-£n-®p sh-°p∂p. i-co-cw F∂ ao-Un-b-Øn-eq-sS F-t∏m-ƒ th-W-sa-¶nepw F-Sp-Øp-]t- bm-Kn-°m-≥ ]m-IØ - n-¬. i-co-cw Iyma-d-bv-°v k-a-amWv. t^m-t´m-{Km-^-dm-Wv t_m-[mflmhv. a\- v ^nenw tdm-fpw, Imc-Ww F-√mw

""F-s‚ a\- v H-cn-°epw \n-¬-°n-√. Nn-¥-Iƒ ta-¬-°p-ta-¬ h∂p-sIm-t≠-bn-cn-°pw. Rm\-Xn-s\ \n-b-{¥n-°m-≥ {i-an-°p-tºm-ƒ A-Xv Cc-´n-bm-Ipw.'' ]-ecpw Cß-s\ ]-d-bp∂-Xv \-Ωƒ tI-´n-cn-°pw. ]t£ AØ-cw hn-izmk-ßsfm-s° sX-‰mWv. b-Ym-¿-∞-Øn-¬ a\- v HcpX-cw \n-t›-„am-b ]-Zm-¿-∞-amWv. P-Uam-b {]-Ir-Xn-bp-sS H-cp aq-¿-Øo-I-c-W-amWv. AXpsIm-≠pX-s∂ A-Xv t_m-[a-√. AXp-sIm-≠v a-\- n-te-°v Nn-¥-I-ƒ X-≈n-\n-¬-°p∂-√, am{X-a-√ a\- v X-∂-Øm-≥ G-sX-¶nepw Nn-¥-Iƒ D-W-¿-Øp-∂p-an-√. t_m-[m-flm-hm-Wv A-tNX-\am-b a-\- n-s‚ km-cYn. t_m-[ B-flm-hv B-{K-ln-°p-tºm-ƒ am-{X-am-Wv [-m¿-an-Itam A√m-ØtXm B-b Nn-¥-I-ƒ a-\- n-te-°v I-S∂p-h-cp-∂Xv. F-{]-Im-cw H-cp tS-∏v hn-hn-[X-cw i-–ßsf ti-J-cn-®p-sh-®n-cn-°pt∂m a-\ pw A-{]Im-cw X-s∂ Nn-¥I-sf ti-J-cn-®p-sh-®n-cnlncWy

11

sabv 09


""F-{]-Im-cw H-cp tS-∏v hn-hn-[X-cw i- – ß- s f ti- J - c n- ® p- s h- ® n- c n°pt∂m a-\ pw A-{]-Im-cw X-s∂ a-\ pw Nn-¥I-sf ti-Jc - n-®p-sh-®ncn-°p∂p. H-cm-ƒ "tS∏v' Hm-¨ sNøp-tºm-ƒ am-{Xw, i-–-ß-ƒ ]p-dØp-hc - p∂p. A-√m-sX i-–ß - ƒ - X∂-Øm-≥ ]p-d-Øp-h-cp-∂n-√. AXpt]m-seX-s∂ t_m-[c - q-]nbm-b Bflm-hv B-{K-ln-°p-tºm-ƒ am-{X-amWv G-XpX-cw Nn-¥bpw a-\- n-¬ D-b-cp-∂Xv.''

]-Xn-bp∂-Xv A-Xn-em-W-t√m. a-‰v A-h-b-h-ß-ƒ se-≥-kn-\p k-a-hpw. CXp-t]m-se-X-s∂-bm-Wv H-cp kv-Iq-´-dpw Imdpw ^m\pw a-‰pw. P-U-am-b b-{¥-ß-ƒ X-∂-Øm-≥ {]-h-¿-Øn-°p-I-bn-√, t_m-[-]q-¿-∆-ap-≈ H-cp a-\p-jy-s‚ C-S-s]-S-en√m-sX. AXp-t]m-seX-s∂ a-\- n\v Hm-Sm\pw Nn-¥n-°m\pw a‰pw I-gn-bn-√, B-flm-hn-s‚ t_m[-]q-¿-∆am-b C-S-s]-S-en-√msX. A-⁄X sIm-≠v a-\p-jy-¿ I-cp-Xp∂-Xv a\- m-Wv h-kv-Xp-°-fp-sSbpw a‰pw {]-Nm-c-I-≥ F∂v. X-∂-Øm-≥ Xm-\m-Wv a-\- n-s‚bpw kmcYn (ss{Uh-¿) F-∂p Xn-cn-®-dn-bp-∂n-√. X-s‚ X-s∂ t_m[-sØ X-s‚ B-flm-hv Xn-cn-®-dn-bpIbpw Xm-\m-Wv F-√m-Øn-s‚bpw I-¿-Øm-hv F∂p A-dn-bp-I-bpw, a-\- n-s‚ _m-en-iam-b Ah-ÿ-tbbpw Ip-dn-®-dn-™m-¬; H-cmƒ-°v X-s‚ B-{K-l-Øn-\-\p-k-cn-®v Ah-sb sIm≠p-t]mImw. hn-th-I-hpw A-dn-hp-ap-s≈m-cp k-\ym-kn a-\  - n-s\ F-t∏mgpw X-s‚ \n-b{- ¥-WØ - n-¬ sh°p∂p; X-\n-°n-„-ap-≈Xp-t]m-se A-Xn-s\ ss{U-hv sN-øp∂p. kv-Iq-´-tdm-Sn-°p-∂ H-cm-ƒ ]-d-bp-I-bmWv: ""F-s‚ kvI - q-´¿ - hf-sc th-KØ - n-emWv Hm-Sp-∂Xv. Rm-≥ \n-¿-Øm-≥ {i-an-®m¬ t]mepw A-Xp \n¬-°n-√; Rm-≥ C-S-tØm-s´-Sp-°p-tºm-ƒ A-Xp

lncWy

h-e-tØm-´p t]m-Ipw; Rm-≥ tdmUn--eqsS Hm-Sn°m-≥ {i-an-°p-tºm-ƒ A-Xv tdm-Un-\p Xm-sgbm-hpw.'' Cu A-h-ÿ-bn-¬ \-Ω-ƒ ]-dbpw ""Cu a-\p-jy-\v kv-Iq-´-tdm-Sn-°m-≥ A-dn-bn-√. am-{X-a√ C-bmƒ-°v th≠-{X ]-cn-io-e-\hpw C-√.'' Nn¥n-t°-≠ Imcyw kv-Iq-´-¿ X-∂-Øm-≥ Hm-SpItbm \n-¬-°p-Itbm sNøptam F-∂mWv. Xo¿-®-bmbpw C-√. A-Xv ss{U-h-dp-sS Ip-‰-amWv. CtX-t]m-se X-s∂ th-Ww a-\- n-s\bpw Adn-tb-≠Xv. A-Xmb-Xv PU-{]-Ir-Xnbm-b a\- v X-∂-Øm-≥ {]-h-¿-Øn-°p-∂n-√ F∂v. tbm-K ]-cn-io-en-°p-∂-h-¿ \n-¿-_-‘-ambpw Hm-¿-Øn-cn-t°-≠ H-cp Im-cy-am-Wv˛hf-sc `-‡n]q¿-∆w H-cp B-k-\-Øn-¬ C-cn-°p-tºm-ƒ, H-cp Imcyw \n-›-b-ambpw D-d-∏n-°Ww. ""F-s‚ a\kv P-U-{]-Ir-Xn-bmWv. Rm≥ t_m-[cq]nbm-b B-flm-hmWv. Rm-\m-Wv C-Xn-s\ ss{U-hv sNøp-∂Xv. F-s‚ B-{K-l-an-√m-sX P-Uam-b a-\ n-\v H-cp hn-j-b-sØbpw D-b-¿-Øn-s°m-≠p hcm-\m-hn√. Cu ka-bw ap-X-¬ A-Xn-s\ Rm-≥ F-s‚ ssI-∏n-Sn-bn-¬ H-Xp-°pw. am-{Xa-√ Cuiz-cN - n-¥\ - Ø - n-\m-bn Rm-\X - n-s\ {]-tbm-P\ - s - ∏Sp-Øpw. B-h-iy-an-√m-sX h-√-bn-SØpw Ae™p \-S-°m-≥ Rm-≥ A-\p-h-Zn-°n-√.'' \n-›b-Zm-¿-Vy-tØm-sS-bp-≈ Xo-cp-am-\-Øn-\p-ti-jhpw A⁄-X-sImt≠m A-s√-¶n-¬ H-cpX-cw hgp-h-gp-∏-≥ kz-`m-hw sImt≠m km-[-I-≥ a-\ n-s\ a-‰p h-√ h-kv-Xp-°-fp-am-bn tN-¿-Øp-sh°p-I-bm-sW-¶n-¬ D-S-≥X-s∂ a-\- n-s\ A-hnsS-\n∂pw ]n-≥-h-en®v Cu-iz-c-\p-am-bn tN-¿-Øpsh-°Ww. Xp-S-°-Øn-¬ km-[-I-≥ \-∂m-bnØs∂ A-[zm-\n-t°-≠-Xm-bn hcpw A-\mh-iy Imcy-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂p a-\- n-s\ ]n-≥-h-en®v Cu-iz-c\p-am-bn tN-¿-Øp-sh-°m-≥. th≠-{X A-dnhpw ]-cn-io-e-\hpw t\Sn-b km-[I-\v X-\n-°v B-hiy-an-√m-Ø hn-j-b-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v a-\- n-s\ \-njv-{]-bm-kw ]n-≥-h-en-°m\pw Xm-≥ B-{K-ln-°p∂ hn-j-b-ß-fn-¬ A-Xn-s\ D-d-∏n-®p \n-dp-Øm\p-am-Ipw.  12

sabv 09


øm-Ø]-£w bm-sXm-cp ^-ehpw D-≠m-hn-√. Ip´n-I-fn-¬ B-Zy-am-bn A-\n-hm-cy-am-bn th≠-Xv bm-sXm-cp B-tfbpw B-I-¿-jn-°m-\p-≈ I-gnhmWv. \-Ωp-sS i-co-c-Øn-\p Np‰pw H-cp tXP v \n-e-\n-¬-°p-∂p-s≠-∂v B-[p\n-I im-kv-{XcoXym I-s≠-Øn-bn-´p≠v. Cu tXP- v \n-e-\n¿-Øm\pw A-Xp Iq-Sp-X-¬ B-I-¿-j-I-am-°m-\pap-≈ h-gn-bm-Wv BZyw sN-tø-≠Xv. \-ap-°v P∑w X-∂-h-cm-Wv \-ΩpsS Hm-P- n-s‚bpw aq-e Im-cWw. A-Xn-\m-¬ A-h-cp-sS A-\p-{K-l-Øneq-sS-bmWv Hm-P- n-s\ h-¿-≤n-∏n-°p-hm-≥ I-gnbp-I F-∂v \-Ωp-sS B-ZyIm-e E-jn-Ifpw Is≠-Øn-bn-cp∂p. C-Xn-\m-bn am-Xm-]n-Xm-°f - p-sS k-l-I-c-Whpw thWw. A-Xn-\m-bn H-∂ma-Xv sN-tø≠-Xv C-XmWv. 1. F-√m Zn-h-khpw cm-hn-se A—-s\ \-a-kv°-cn-°pI. (A-—-≥ F-√m A-¿-∞-Ønepw Xs‚ D-≈-dn-™v Ip-´n-sb A-\p-{K-ln-°p-I) AtXm-sS \-Ωn-ep-≈ B-fl-hn-izm-kw G-sd h-¿≤n-°pw. kz-¥w a-I-\n-ep-≈ A—-s‚ hn-izmk-hpw kz-¥w A-—-\n-ep-≈ aI-s‚ hn-izm-khpw. 2. AΩ-sb a\-km \-a-kv-°-cn-°p-I. AΩbpw a°-sf Zn-h-khpw A-\p-{K-ln-°Ww. Xe-bn¬ ssI sh-®v th-Ww A-\p-{K-ln-°m-≥ C-Xp c≠pw Ir-Xy-am-bn sN-øp-∂-tXm-Sp-Iq-Sn Ip´n-I-fp-sS ]-Tn-∏n-ep-≈ F-√m X-S- -ßfpw Xocpw. Hm-¿Ω - i-‡n h-¿≤ - n-∏n-°p-∂X - n-\v ]-≠p-ImeØv sshZn-I E-jn-I-ƒ A-km-am-\y i-‡n-bp≈ H-cp [ym-\-]≤-Xn \-ap-°v D-]-tZ-in-®n-cp-∂p. Zn-h-khpw c-≠p-t\-cw C-Xp sN-øp-I-bm-sW-¶n¬ A-km-am-\yam-b _p-≤n-i-‡nbpw Hm-¿-Ω-i‡nbpw ssI-h-cn-°m-≥ km-[n-°pw. H-∂m-a-Xmbn cm-hn-se In-S-°-bn-¬ \n-∂v F-gp-t∂-¬-°p∂-Xn-\p ap-ºmWv Cu [ym-\w sN-tø-≠Xv. DW-¿-s∂-∂v tXm-∂p∂ B \n-anjw Cu [ym\w Xp-S-ßmw. 15 \n-anjw Cu [ym-\w Xp-S-cmw. H-cp Znh-kw Xp-S-ßp∂-Xp Xs∂ Cu [ym-\w sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. In-S° - b - n-¬ \n-∂v F-gp-t∂¬-°m-Xn-cn-°m-≥ {i-≤n-°p-I. D-W-cp-∂ \n-an-jw \mw F-¥pw D-ƒ-s°m-≈m-≥ {]m-]v-Xcpw k-∂≤-cp-am-bn-cn-°pw. F-gp-t∂-‰p ]p-dØ - p-hc - p-∂t- XmsS \-ap-°v B ssi-en ssI-hn-´p t]m-Ipw. Cu [ym-\-Øn-s‚ ^-ehpw G-sd B-g-Øn-ep-≈-Xmbn-cn-°pw. \n-ß-fp-sS A-IØ-fw G-Im-{K-am-°m≥ G-‰hpw A\p-tbm-Pyam-b H-cp k-ab - a - m-WnXv. D-W-cp-tºm-ƒ, tem-Iw ap-gp-h-≥ D-W-¿∂p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂ {]-`m-XØ - n-¬ D-W¿ - ∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Du-¿-÷-Øn-s‚ hen-sbm-cp C-c-º¬ temI-sam-´m-sI D-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. Cu C-c-º-en-s\ th-≠h-Æw D-]-tbm-Kn-°m-≥ th-≠n-bmWv Cu [ym-\w {]-`m-X-Øn-¬ sN-øp-∂Xv. Cu [ym-\w sh-fn-hm-°p-∂ kq-‡-am-Wv th-Z-Øn-se `m-Kykq‡w. kq-tcym-Z-b-Øn-se A-·n F√m Du-¿÷-ß-fp-sSbpw k-am-lm-c-amWv. Cu Du-¿-÷

Hm¿Ωi‡n h¿≤n∏n°m≥ BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjv hn-Zym-¿-∞n-I-fn-se _p≤n, a-\- n-s‚ {]-im¥X, ]-Tn-°m-\p-≈ tijn, Hm-¿-°m-\p-≈ tijn, a-‰v C-X-c I-em km-ln-Xy th-Zn-I-fn-¬ D-∂-X ÿm-\w F∂n-h t\-Sm-\p-≈ ka-{K ]-≤-Xn-bmWv C-hn-sS hn-`mh-\w sN-bv-Xn-´p-≈Xv. Cu ]≤-Xn-b-\p-k-cn-®v G-‰hpw Np-cp-ßnb-Xv aq-∂pamk-sØ Ir-Xyam-b ]-cn-io-e-\-hppw Hu-j-[tk-hbpw A-\n-hm-cy-am-Wv. Ir-Xy-am-bn C-Xv sNlncWy

13

sabv 09


H-gp-°n-¬ hf-sc F-fp-∏Ø - n-¬ \-ap-°v bm-{X sNømw. Ip-´n-Iƒ-°p am-{X-a-√ G-Xp hy-‡n°pw Cu [ym-\w sN-øm-≥ I-gn-bpw. D-W-¿-∂ D-Ss\, In-S-∂-In-S-∏n-¬ Cu [ym\w sN-øp-I. [ym-\w F-¥m-sW-∂v ]-d-bp-∂-Xn∂v ap≥-]v Cu ka-bw Ir-Xy-am-bn ]-d-™-XpXs∂ k-a-b-Øn-s‚ {]m-[m\yw a-\- n-em-°m-≥ th-≠n-bmWv. In-S-Ø-Øn-¬ In-S-°-bn-¬ X-s∂ ae-¿-∂p-In-S-°p-I. I-Æp-I-ƒ A-S-°p-I. iz-kn°p-tºm-ƒ X-e-bn-¬ \n∂pw hen-sbm-cp {]-Imiw i-co-c-Øn-te-°v {]-th-in-°p-∂-Xm-bn k-¶¬- ∏ n- ° p- I . X- e - b p- s S ap- I - f n- ¬ H- c p \- √ {]-Im-i-ap-≈ kq-cy-≥ D-Zn-®-t]m-se I-cp-Xp-I. \-Ωp-sS D-≈v s]m-≈-bm-sW∂pw B {]-Im-iw ]-Xp-s° ]-Xps° Cu i-co-c-Øn-eq-sS IS-∂p t]m-Ip-∂-Xmbpw k-¶-¬-]n-°Ww. tcm-a-tcm-am¥-c-ß-fnepw i-co-c-Øns‚ Hmtcm Aw-K-ß-fneq-sSbpw B {]-Im-iw H-gp-Ip-∂-Xm-bn I-cpXWw. Aß-s\ B {]-Im-iw H-gp-In Im-¬ hnc-ep-I-ƒh-sc \nd-™v A-Xn-eq-sS ]p-dØp-t]mIp-∂-Xm-bn `m-hn-°Ww. C-Xv izm-kw D-≈n-tes°-Sp-°p-tºm-gm-Wv sN-tø-≠Xv. C-\n izm-kw

""\-ap-°v P-∑w X-∂h - c - m-Wv \-ΩpsS ]p-d-tØ-°v hn-Sp-tºm-ƒ Im-¬-hn-c-ep-I-fn-¬ \n∂v C-cp-´n-s‚ \-Zn A-cn-®p-Ib-dn X-e-bn-eq-sS ]p-d-tØ-°v t]m-hp-∂-Xm-bn `m-hn-°Ww. ]-Xps° izm-tkm-—m-kw sN-øp-tºm-ƒ a-\-°ÆpsIm≠v Cu C-cp-´n-s\ Im-Wm-≥ {i-an-°Ww. C- t X- t ]m- s e cm{Xn D- d - ß m≥ t]m- I ptºmgpw C-tX-Im-cyw sN-øm-≥ {i-an-°p-I. InS-°-bn-¬ In-S-∂-ti-jw G-Xm\pw \n-an-jw hn{i-an-°p-I. D-d-°-Øn-te-°v {]-th-in-°p-∂-Xn-\v sXm-´p-apºv Cu {]-{In-b Xp-S-ßp-I. A-XmbXv izm-kw D-≈n-te-bv-s°-Sp-°p-tºm-ƒ kz-¿-Æsh-fn-®w X-e-bn-eq-sS-bm-Wv \n-ß-fn-te-bv-°v {]th-in-°p-I. kq-cy-{]-Im-i-Øn-s‚ am-Xn-cn-bp-≈ Cu kz-¿-Æ-{]-Im-iw \n-ß-fp-sS i-co-c-Øn-eqsS ]-Xp-s°-∏-Xps° Hmtcm A-Wp-hnepw ico-c-tIm-i-ß-fnepw tcm-a-Iq-]-ß-fnepw {]-th-in®v Im-¬ hn-c-e-‰-Øp-Iq-Sn ]p-d-tØ-°v t]m-Ip∂-Xm-bn I-cp-XWw. izm-kw ]p-d-tØ-°v hn-Sptºm-gmI-s´ Iq-‰m-°q-‰n-cp´v, I-´-]n-Sn-® C-cp-´v Im-¬ hn-c-en-s‚ A-‰-Øp-Iq-Sn A-I-tØ-°v {]th-in-®v i-co-c-Øn-eq-sS IS-∂v X-e-bn-eq-sS ]pd-tØ-°v I-S∂p-t]m-hp-∂-Xm-bn k-¶-¬-∏n-°mw. Cu {]-h-¿-Ø-\w 15 an-\p-´v Xp-S-cp-I. aqt∂m \mtem am-kw C-Xv \n-c¥-cw sN-øp-I. A-¤pX-I-cam-b am-‰w h-cp∂Xv a-\- n-em-°m-≥ km[n-°pw. a-\- n-\v G-Im{K-X h-∂p-Xp-S-ßpw. IÆp-Iƒ-°v {]-Im-iw h-¿≤ - n-°pw. \q-X\ - am-b Bi-b-߃ tXm-∂m-≥ Xp-S-ßpw. _p-≤ni-‡n h¿-≤n-°pw. b-Pp-¿-th-Z-Øn-emWv Cu [ym-\-]-≤Xn-sb-°p-dn-®v h-¿-Æn-°p-∂Xv.

Hm-P- n-s‚bpw aq-e Im-cWw. AXn-\m-¬ A-h-cp-sS A-\p-{K-l-Øneq-sS-bmWv Hm-P- n-s\ h-¿-≤n-∏n°p-hm-≥ I-gn-bp-I F-∂v \-Ωp-sS B-ZyIm-e E-jn-Ifpw I-s≠-Ønbn-cp∂p.''

 lncWy

14

sabv 09


⁄m\`n£p Io-gm-s\-√q-¿ ]-c-ta-iz-c-≥ \-ºq-Xncn

b

-⁄-kz-cq-]n-bm-Wv thZw. th-Z-Øn-¬ At\-Iw b-⁄ß-sf kw-_-‘n-®p ]-d-™n´p≠v. C-hn-sS F-s‚ hnj-bw ss`-j-Py-b-⁄]-c-amWv. A-Xp a-\- n-em-°m-≥ BZyw b-⁄]-c-am-bn Np-cp-°n hn-h-cn-bv-°m-≥ Rm-\m-{K-lnbv-°p∂p. b-⁄-ß-fm-¬ B-tcm-Kyw, k-¥Xn, a-g F-∂n-h-bp-sS \n-b-{¥-W-hpw, cm-Pyw, hn-Zy, tkh\w, ]-c-am-flm-hv ap-X-em-b-h-bp-sS t\-´-ap-≠mIpw. Cu kn-≤n-I-ƒ {]m-]v-X-am-bn-°-gn-™m-¬ am-\-h-Po-hn-X-Øn-¬-∏n-s∂ shº-¬-sIm-≈-Ø°˛tam-ln-bv-°-Ø-°˛H-cp h-kv-Xphpw A-h-tijn-°p-∂n-√ ]ns∂. C-h-bn-eq-sS C-l]-c-temI-ß-fn-ep-≈ F-√m kp-J-ßfpw ssI-h-cpw. Cu b-⁄ß-sf kw-_‘ - n-® Xp-d∂ - hn-hc-Ww Xmsg ]-dbpw {]-Im-c-amWv˛ A-tcmK-X: B-tcmKyw c-≠p X-c-Øn-ep≠v˛H-∂v hy-‡n-bp-sS a-t‰-Xp k-aq-l-Øns‚. P-e-tZmjw, ]\n, h-b-dn-f°w, i-co-c]o-U ap-Xem-b-h Im-em-h-ÿm-P-\yamb tcm-K-ß-fmWv. H-cp hy-‡n-sb _m-[n-bv-°p-∂-h-bmW-h. AXpt]m-se \o-¿-t]mf-≥, h-kqcn, X-te-Ø-´n˛tImf-d˛tπKv, C-≥-^v-fq-sb≥-k, AY-hm A-tX X-c-Øn-ep≈ tcm-Kß-ƒ, F√mw km-ap-Zm-bn-Iß-fpw, A-h F-√m-h-tcbpw ]n-Sn-Iq-Sp-∂-Xp-amIp∂p. H-cp hy-‡n-sb _m-[n-bv-°p∂ tcm-K-

""

H-cp hy‡n-sb _m[n-bv-°p∂ tcm-K-ß-fpsS \n-hm-cW-Øn-s‚ t]-¿ Nn-In’ A-XmbXv B-bp-¿t∆-Zs - a-∂pw, c-≠ma-sØ X-cØ - n-¬s∏-´ km-¿-hP-\n-Iamb tcm-Kß - ƒ°v \n-hm-cW-ap-≠m-°p∂ km-aq-lnI-co-Xn-bp-sS t]-¿ ""ss`j-Pyb⁄''sa-∂pam-Wv.

''

lncWy

15

ß-fp-sS \n-hm-c-W-Øn-s‚ t]-¿ Nn-In-’ AXmb-Xv B-bp-¿t- ∆-Zs - a-∂pw, c-≠ma-sØ X-cØ - n¬-s∏-´ km-¿-h-P-\n-Iamb tcm-K-߃-°v \n-hmc-W-ap-≠m-°p-∂ km-aq-ln-I-co-Xn-bp-sS t]-¿ ""ss`-j-Pyb-⁄''sa-∂p-am-Wv. k-¥m\w: k-¥m-\a - p-≠m-Ip-∂n-s√-¶n-¬ AXn-\p-th-≠n sN-øp-∂ b-⁄-Øn-\pw, C-„Øns\m-Ø Ip-´n P-\n-bv-°m-≥ th-≠n sN-øp-∂ b⁄-Øn-\pw, AXp-t]m-se k-¥m\-sØ Zo-¿Lm-bp-jv-am-\m-°m-≥ sN-øp-∂ b-⁄-Øn\pw ""]p-{X-Im-ta-„n'' F-∂m-Wv t]-¿. K-¿-`m-[m-\-kwkv-°m-c-Øn-epw, ]pwk-h-\ kw-kv-°-mc-Øn-epw, ko-a-t¥m-∂-b-\ kw-kv-°m-c-Øn-ep-am-Wn-Xn-s‚ Ipd-®p `m-K-sa-¶n-¬, ]n-Xr-b-⁄-Øn-ep-ƒ-s∏-´Xm-Wv Ipd-®p `mKw. _r-l-Zm-cWy-tIm-]-\n-jØn-s‚ A-h-km-\w C-Xn-s\ kw-_-‘n-® Nn-e h-¿-Æ-\-I-fp≠v. a-g-bp-sS \n-b-{¥Ww: ]-≠p Ime-Øv Ejn-am-¿ A-h-¿-j-W-Im-e-Øv b-⁄w hgn, b⁄w aptJ-\ k-¥-Xyp-¬-]mZ-\w sN-bv-Xn-cp∂Xp-t]m-se-Øs∂, a-g s]-øn-®n-cp∂p. th-ZØnse "\n-Im-ta \n-Im-ta ]-¿P-t\ym-h-¿-jXv' A-Xmb-Xv C-—m-\p-kr-Xw a-g D-≠m-Is´, Cu hmIyw ta-¬-]-d-™ Im-cy-sØ kq-Nn-∏n-bv-°p∂-XmWv. "A-h-¿-j-W-b-⁄'sa-∂m-Wn-Xn-s‚ t]cv. k-ºØv: B-h-iyam-b ]-Zm-¿-∞-ß-fp-sS t]-cm-Wv k-ºØv. C-tX k-º-Øp-ƒ-sIm-≠-XmWv C∂-sØ A-¿-∞-im-kv-{X-hpw. ]-Ww˛\msabv 09


Wyw˛shdpw {I-b-hn{I-b h-kv-Xp-hmWv. Iq-SpX-¬ [-\-ap-≠m-bm-¬ \m-Wy-ap-]-tbm-Kn-bv-°-s∏Sp-∂n-√. A-Xn-s‚ ÿm\-Øv t\m´p-sIm-t≠m, sN-°p sIm-t≠m, AY-hm ]I-cw sIm-Sp-°p∂ h-kvX - p sImt≠m B-Wv Imcyw \-S° - p-∂Xv. tem-I-Øn-ep-≈ km-[-\-ß-fp-sS hn-e-bv-°p≈{X kz-¿Æ - h - pw, sh-≈n-bp-an-√ C-hnsS. A-Xn-\m¬ ssh-Zn-I-¿ B-Zn-Im-e-Øv ]ip (arKw) °-tf-bpw, [m-\y-ß-tf-bpw, a-‰p B-h-iy-ap-≈ ]-Zm-¿-∞-ßtfbpw X-s∂-bm-Wv k-ºØ - m-bn am-\n-®n-cp-∂Xv. b-⁄-ß-fn-¬ A∂w ([m-\y-ß-ƒ), LrXw, ^e-aq-eß-ƒ, \p-dpßv (a-c-∏q-fpI-ƒ) ap-Xem-b ]Zm-¿-∞-ß-fp-sS B-h-iy-ap≠v. A-Xn-\m-¬ Ir-jnbp-tS-bpw, C-„m-]q-¿-Ø-Øn-t‚-bpw (C-Xn-¬ Ipfw, InW-¿, tXm´w, ]q-t¥m-´w ap-X-em-b-h D-ƒ-s∏-Spw) Im-Sn-t‚-bpw, A-t\-Iw X-c-Øn-ep≈ ar-K-ß-fp-tSbpw B-hiyw h-cpw. C-X-√m-sX a-s‰m-∂p-a-√ k-ºØv. b-⁄m-\p-jvTm-\ kw-kv°m-cw a-\- n-ep-Zn-bv-°p-tºm-tg-bv°pw k-º-Øns‚ B-hiyw h-∂p-Iq-Sp∂p. C-Xn-s\-bmWv ""tKmta-[b-⁄w'' F-∂p hn-fn-bv-°p-∂Xv. tZ-i-\n-¿Ωn-Xn-bn-epw, ]pXn-b Zzo-]p-I-fp-sS˛I-c-I-fpsS˛A--t\z-jW - h - pw, `q-an h-f° - q-dp-≈X - m-°n-Øo¿-°-ep-am-Wv C-Xn-s‚ {][m-t\m-t±-iyw. cm-Pyw: A-iz-ta-[-hpw, A-Xmb-Xv N-{I-h¿Øn cm-Pym-`n-em-jbpw H-cp k-hnti-tjm-¬-]-∂am-Wv B-cy-k-`y-X-bn-¬. F-√m-‰nepw hen-b b⁄-am-WnXv. tem-I-Øm-sI-bp-≈ a-\p-jy-cm-inbp-sS kp-JZ- px-Jß-sf H-cp cm-{„-Øn-\I-Øv ktΩ-fn-∏n®v, ""F-√m-h-cn-¬ \n∂pw F-√m-h-¿°pw em-`-sa-Øn-bv°pI'' bm-Wo b-⁄-Øn-s‚ A`n-{]mbw. b-⁄w sN-øm-\m-{K-ln-°p-∂h-s‚ a-\- n-¬ s]-s´-∂p X-s∂ cm-Pym-¶p-cw In-fn¿°p-I-sb∂-Xv kzm-`m-hn-I-am-Ip∂p. Cu b-⁄Øn-\v iu-cy-hpw, bp-≤I - u-ie - hpw D-≠m-°n-Øo¿-°-em-Wv B-Zy-sØ I-¿-Ø-hyw. bp-≤-Øn-¬ \n-∂p ]n-¥n-cn-bp-∂h-s\ B-cy-\m-bn K-Wn-b° v- p∂n-√. A-¿-÷p\-s\ A-ßn-s\ I-≠n´v, "A-\mcy-÷p-„-a-kz-¿Kyw A-Io-¿-Øn-I-c-a-¿÷p-\', AXmb-Xv tl A-¿-÷p-\! \ns‚ Cu `o-cp-Xzw \n-d-™ hm-°p-I-ƒ A-\m-cy-∑m¿-°p tN-¿-∂-XmWv F-∂v Ir-jv-W-≥ ]-d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn. Cu b⁄-Øn-s‚ t]-cmWv ""A-iz-ta-[b⁄w.'' tk-h\w: ]-©-a-lm-b-⁄-ß-ƒ aptJ\ ku-c-hpw, Nm-{µ-hpam-b {]-]©-sØ B-]ym-bnX-am°n, A-Xn-Yn-I-ƒ-°pw, hr-≤-∑m-¿-°pw, IoS-]-Xw-Km-Zn-h-tc-bv°pw B-lm-c-sa-Øn-bv-°p-Isb-∂-Xn-t\-°m-fp-]-cnbmb tem-I-tkh-\w a-s‰¥m-Wp-≈Xv? C-Xn-s\-Ø-s∂-bm-Wv ]-©-a-lmb-⁄-sa-∂p ]-d-bp-I. Cu-izc-≥: C{X-sbm-s° sN-bv-Xn´pw \nkzm-¿-∞-`m-h-tØmsS ""C-Zw \- aa'' -A-Xmb-Xv C-sX-t‚X-√, F-∂p ]-d-bp-∂ a-\p-jy-\n-ep-≈Xn-t\-°m-ƒ Cu-iz-cm-¿-∏-W-_p-≤n th-sd F-hnsS X∏n-t\m-°n-bm-¬ In-´pw? A-ßn-s\ I¿-Ωw sN-øp-∂h\v ""\ I-¿-Ω en-]y-tX'' A-Xmb-Xv Hcn-bv-°epw I-¿-Ω-_-‘-ap-≠m-Ip-∂n-√. tam-£Øn-\v A-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-Øo-cp-∂p Ah-≥. C-XmWv D-]m-k-\m-b⁄w. lncWy

sI.hn.B¿.F^v 2008 sabn¬ \SØnb

C-Xp-X-s∂-bm-Wv ta-ev-]-d-™ b-⁄-ß-fpsS {]-Im-c-ß-fpw, em-`-ß-fpw. Cu em-`-ßsf√mw ss`-j-Py-b-⁄-Øn-¬-\n-∂pw, ]p-{X-Imta-„n-bn-¬ \n-∂pw, A-h¿ - j - W - Ø - n-¬\ - n-∂pw, tKmta-[-Øn-¬ \n-∂pw, A-iz-ta-[-Øn-¬ \n-∂pw, ]©-a-lm-b-⁄-Øn-¬ \n∂pw e-`n-bv-°pw. C-hbn-¬ ]p-{X-Im-ta-„n b-⁄-kw-_-‘-am-bpw, Ah¿-jW - b-⁄k - w-_‘ - a - mbpw A-[n-Is - am∂pw ]-d-bm-≥ Rm-\n-hn-sS B-{K-ln-bv-°p-∂n-√. ]s£, cm-am-b-W I-Y k-Xy-am-sW-¶n-¬, A-h-¿j-W-a-I-‰m-≥ P-\-I-\pw, A-]p-{X-Xz-an-√m-Xm-°m≥ Z-i-c-Y\pw b-⁄w \-S-Øp-I-bp-≠mbn. c≠nepw km-^-ey-ap-≠m-Ip-Ibpw sN-bvXp. cmam-b-W-Ønse Cu c-≠p kw-`-h-ß-sf-Sp-Øp-If-™m-¬ A-Xn-ep-≈ sF-Xn-lmkn-I `m-K-Øn\v Cf-°w X-´pw. AXp-sIm-≠o kw-`-hß-sf A-k-Xy-sa-∂p ]-d-™p-X-≈m-≥ h-ø. t\-tc-a-dn®v C-∂v Im-ew am-dn-bn-cn-bv-°p∂p. k-¥m-\-{]Xntcm-[ kw-hn-[m-\w \-S-∏n-em-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-bv-°p∂ Im-e-am-Wn-Xv. A-Xn-\p ]pd-sa tXm-Sp-I-fn-¬\n-∂pw, ]p-g-I-fn-¬ \n∂pw a‰pw P-e-tk-N-\-Øn\p-≈ G-¿-∏m-Sp-Ifpw sN-bv-Xp-h-cp-∂p-≠n∂v. ]≠pw P-\-ß-ƒ ]p-{X-s\ Z-sØ-Sp-Øpw, k-\ykn-®pw, AXp-t]mse, C-„m-]q-¿Øw, A-XmbXv Ipfw, InW-¿, tXm-Sv ap-X-em-b-h-bp-sS \n-¿ΩmWw, \-S-Ønbpw Cu c-≠p Im-cy-ß-ƒ°pw ]-cn-lm-cw I-s≠-Øn-bn-cp∂p. AXp-sIm-≠v Cu c-≠p b-⁄ß-sf hn-´p-I-f-™m-epw, ti-jn-® B-dp {]-Im-c-Øn-ep-≈ b-⁄-ß-ƒ am-{X-ta X¬-^e - {- ]m-]vX - n-bv° - p-ti-jw F-√m {]-Im-cØ - n-ep16

sabv 09


""

"]hnt{XjvSn'bn¬ \n∂v

ap-≈ Ir-X-IrXy-X D-≠m-Ip-∂-h-bm-bn-´p-≈p. A- ° m- c - W - Ø m- ¬ ap- g p- h ≥ tem- I hpw b⁄-sØ kzo-I-cn-®n-cp-∂p-sh-∂pw, C∂pw tem-I-Øn-se an-bv-°-hm-dp-sa-√m `m-K-ß-fnepw A-Xp {]-Ne - n-Xa - m-sW-∂p-ap-≈ kw-KX - n-Is - f√mw ""^n-kn-°-¬ dn-eoP\n''¬ am-Iv-kv ap-≈dpw IqSn kzo-Ic - n-®n-´p≠v. G-sX-¶nepw X-cØ - n-ep-s≈mcp b-⁄-k-{º-Zm-bw kzo-I-cn-®n-´p≠v, tem-IØn-¬ {]-Ne - n-Xa - m-bn-cp-∂X - pw, {]-Nc - n®p-sIm-≠ncn-bv-°p-∂-Xpam-b F-√m a-X-ßfn-epw, B-cy-∑mcp-sS F-√m {]mNo-\ im-J-I-fnepw b-⁄w {]N-en-X-am-Wn-∂pw. ssP-\-∑m-cnepw {]-Nm-c-Ønep-≠v b-⁄-Øn-s‚ X-s∂ A-h-in-„-hpw, kq£v-a-cq-]-hpam-b [q-]-Zo-]ß-ƒ. C-{Xbpw B-cyim-J-bp-sS Im-cy-ambn. sk-an-‰n-Iv im-J-bnepw aq-∂p a-X-ß-ƒ˛b-lqZn, Ir-kv-Xy-≥, ap-…ow˛{]Nm-c-Øn-ep-≠n∂v. C-h-bn-¬ b-lq-Zn-I-fp-sS Ahn-sS b-⁄w \-S-∂n-cp∂p. A-h-¿ Ip-fi-Øn\v ""ssI¿'' F-∂m-Wv ]-db - p-I. Ir-kvX - ym-\n-If - nepw ap-k-¬-am-∑m-cnepw IqSn Du-Zv-_Øn, tem-_-≥ (N-µ-\-Øn-cn t]m-ep-≈ H-cp hm-k-\-Øncn) apX-em-b-h I-Øn-bv-°p-∂ k-{º-Zm-bw C∂pw \ne-hn-ep≠v. Cu k-{º-Zm-bw Rm-≥ hn-`P-\w Ign-™v I-dm-®n-bn-¬ \n-∂v A-`-bm-¿-∞n cqt]W t]m-cp-tºm-ƒ I-≠n-´p≠v. A-Xns‚ k-hn-kv-Xc h¿-Æ\ - Rm-\n-t∏m-ƒ F-gp-Xn-s°m-≠n-cn-bv° - p∂ ""Po-hn-Xm-\p-`hØn''¬ sN-bv-Xn-´p≠v. B k{º-Zm-b-Øn-s‚ cq-]w hn-Ir-X-am-sW-∂n-cn-bv-°nepw, A-Xv b-⁄m-h-in-„-cq-]-a-s√-∂v ]-d-bm-≥ h-ø. C-ßn-s\ a-\p-jy-Pm-Xn-bnse Cu c≠mw

sk-an-‰n-Iv im-Jb - nepw aq-∂p a-Xß-ƒ˛blqZn, Ir-kvXy-≥, ap…ow˛{]-Nmc-Øn-ep≠n∂v. C-hbn-¬ b-lqZn-If - p-sS A-hn-sS b⁄w \-S∂n-cp∂p. A-h-¿ Ipfi-Øn\v ""ssI¿'' F∂m-Wv ]-dbp-I. Ir-kvXym-\n-Ifnepw ap-k¬-am-∑mcnepw IqSn Du-Z_ -v Øn, tem-_≥ (N-µ-\-Øncn t]m-ep≈ H-cp hmk-\-Øncn) ap-Xe - m-bh I-Øn-b° v- p∂ k-{º-Zmbw C∂pw \n-e-hnep≠v.

''

lncWy

17 17

sk-an-‰n-Iv im-Jbpw ]-≠p-Im-ew ap-X-¬ C-∂ph-sc-bm-bn b-⁄w sN-øp-I-bpw, A-Xn-s\ am\n-bv-°p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xp-t]m-∂n-´p-ap≠v, t]m-cp∂p-ap≠v, aq∂mw im-Jbm-b Xp-dm-\n-bn-ep-ap-≠v b-⁄-kw-_-‘am-b sF-Xn-lmkn-I {]-amWw. ssN-\-°m-¿ b-⁄-Øn\v ""tLm-av'' F-∂m-Wv ]d-bp-∂Xv. A-Xv tlm-a-a-√m-sX a-s‰m-∂pa-√. Cßn-s\ a-\p-jy-Pm-Xn-bn-ep-≈ aq-∂p hn-`m-K-ßenepw \n-e-hn-ep-≠v b-⁄-k-{º-Zmbw. an-{i-tZisØ (Cu-Pn-]vXv) {]mNo-\ Pm-Xn-I-fn-epw, AXp-t]m-se A-ta-cn-°-bn-ep-≈ sd-Õn-¥y-≥-amcnepw b-⁄-k-{º-Zm-b-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. b-⁄w a-\p-jy-s‚ BZn-a [-¿-Ω-am-sW-∂m-Wv ]-d-bp-∂Xn-s‚ Xm-¬-]-cyw. F-√m am-\-hcpw H-tc hw-iØn-se im-tJm-]-im-J-I-fm-sW-∂-Xn-\pw, temI-Øn-¬ Ip-d-®m-fp-I-ƒ am{Xw P-∑w sIm-≠ Ime-Øv D-≠m-b-Xm-Wo b-⁄-sa-∂-Xn-\pw, Ah-sc√mw H-tc ÿm-\Ø - m-Wv Xm-ak - n-®n-cp-∂s - X∂-Xn-\p-ap-≈ sF-Xn-lmkn-I {]-am-W-am-Wv b⁄w. A-·yp-¬-]mZ-\w X-s∂-bm-Wv a-\p-jys‚ B-Zy-sØ ssh-⁄m-\n-Im-hn-jv-°-c-W-sa∂v tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v H-cp hn-⁄m-\-thØmhv. C-hn-Sw sXm-´m-Wh-s‚ _p-≤n-bv-°v hnIm-k-ap-≠m-°p-∂Xv. a-c-ß-ƒ X-Ωn-ep-c®v (AcWn I-S™v) A-·n-bp-≠m-°p-∂ {]-{In-b `uXnI hn-⁄m-\-Øn-se {]m-Y-an-Im-hn-jv-I-c-W-hpw, au-en-I-hp-amWv. a-\p-jy-cn-¬ b-⁄-⁄m-\-an√m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n-¬ A-h-≥ C-s∂-Øn-t®-¿-∂n-StØmfw Hu-∂-Xy-Øn-se-Øn-√-Xs∂, F-∂msW-s‚ hm-Xv˛ s_‰v ap-I-fn-¬ \-Ωp-sS b-⁄-hym-]v-Xn {]-I-S-am°n-s°m≠v, A-h-bp-sS {]m-No-\X-sb kw-_‘n-®pw, Nn-e-sXm-s° ]-d™p. F-∂m-¬, Bcy-∑m-cn-¬ Cu co-Xn \-S-∏n-emb-Xv F-∂p ap-Xem-sW-s∂m-cp {]-iv-\-ap-≠n-hnsS. tlm-a-an-√msØm-cp kw-kv-°m-c-tam, [m-¿an-I IrXy-tam, D’-htam B-cy-Pm-Xn-bn-¬ C-s√-∂p Im-Wp-∂p≠v \mw. In-´n-tb-S-tØm-fw enJn-X {]-am-W-ßfn-¬ b-⁄w Im-Wp-∂p-≠v Bcy-Pm-Xn-bn-¬. thZw et£m]-e-£w sIm-√-߃-°p ap-ºp-≈-Xpw (B-Znaw) A-]u-cp-tj-b-hp-am-sW-∂v \mw hn-izkn-bv-°p∂p. A-‘am-b hn-izm-ka-√, bp-‡nbp-‡-hpw, {]-am-W-k-ln-X-hpam-b hn-izm-k-amWXv. th-Zt- Ø-°m-ƒ ]-g° - a - m-¿∂ - en-Jn-X{- KŸß-sfm-∂p-an-s√-∂v hn-tZ-in-Ifpw k-Ω-Xn-bv°p∂p. A-ßn-s\-bp-≈ th-Z-ß-fn-¬ b-⁄-h-¿Æ-\-bp-≈-Xn-\m-¬ b-⁄w th-Z-Im-eo-\-am-sW∂-Xn-\v kw-i-b-an-√. \m-ep-≠o th-Zß-ƒ. \menepw sh-®m-Zy-tØ-Xm-Wv E-K-tzZw. k-¿-h {]Y-aam-b Cu E-K-tz-Z-Øn-se {]-Y-a a-{¥-Øn¬˛"A-·n-ao-tf ]p-tcm-ln-Xw b⁄-ky tZ-h-arXzn-Pw-tlm-Xm-cw c-Xv-\-[mX-aw' Cßn-\ b-⁄tØ-bpw, ]p-tcm-ln-X-t\bpw E-Xzn-P-tØ-bpw, tlm-Xm-hn-t\bpw ]-‰n hy-‡-am-bn h-¿-Æn-®n-cnbv-°p∂p. A-Xn-\m-¬ E-K-tz-Z-Øn-se {]-Y-a a{¥-Øn-ep≈-{X ]-g-°-ap-≠v b-⁄-Øn-\pw. (XpScpw) sabv 09


thZßfnte°v aSßpI

A—s‚ h-gn-bn-¬ k-©c- n-t°-≠ a°ƒ Ejnx ˛ hm-a-tZhx, tZh-Xm ˛ ]nXcx, O-µx˛ {_m-“o _r-lXo, \n-Nr-Zv _rlXo, kz-cx ˛ a-[yax

Hmw \tam hx ]n-Xtcm ckm-b \tam hx ]nX-cx timjm-b \tam hx ]n-Xtcm Pohm-b \tam hx ]nX-cx kz[mssb \tam hx ]n-Xtcm tLmcm-b \tam hx ]n-Xtcm a-\y-th \tam hx ]nX-cx ]n-Xtcm \tam thm Kr-lm∂x ]n-Xtcm Z-Ø ktXm hx ]n-Xtcm tZjvssa X-Zzx ]n-Xt- cm-hmkx (bPp¿thZw 2.32)

"almflm'

A

-¿-∞w: ⁄m-\w \-¬-Ip-∂ B-Nm-cy-≥ A-—-\mWv. B-dp E-Xp-°-ƒ {I-a-Øn-¬ Nen-°p-Ibpw A-h `n-∂-ßfm-b c-k-ßfpw h-kv-Xp-°fpw \n-¿-Ωn-°p-Ibpw sN-øp∂p. AtX-t]m-se B-Nm-cy-≥ hn-Zym-¿-∞n-bp-sS ta-¬ hn-`n-∂-ßfm-b Kp-Wß-sf h-¿-jn-°p∂p. 1. C-Xn-¬ H-∂m-a-tØ-Xv h-k-¥ E-XphmWv. Cu E-Xp ]p-jv-]-ß-fnepw ^-e-ßfnepw ck-sØ \n-d-bv-°p∂p. B-Nm-cy\pw in-jy-s‚ Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ D-]+ - tPym-Xn-sb \nd-bv° - p-∂p P-eX - Ø - zhpw A-·n-XØ - zhpw ka-\z-bn-∏n-®v im-¥nbpw i-‡nbpw D-≠m-°n B c-k-ß-ƒ in-jy-\n-¬ \n-d-bv-°p-∂q-sh∂v A-¿∞w. in-jy-≥ ]-d-bp-I-bmWv, ]nXcx = A-√tbm ]n-Xr-k-am-\\m-b B-Nm-cym, hx= A-ß-bp-sS c-kmb= Cu c-k-Øn-\mbn \-ax= R-ß-ƒ A-ß-bp-sS ap-≥-]n-¬ \-akv-°-cn-°p-∂p. 2. h-k-¥-Øn-\p-ti-jw h-∂-W-bp∂-Xv {Kojv-a E-Xp-hm-W-s√m. tim-jn-∏n°p-I F∂-Xm-Wv {Ko-jv-a-Øn-s‚ {]-tX-yIX. Cu KpWw G-h-¿-°pw kpJ-sØ \-¬-Ip∂p. kw-

lncWy lncWy

18 18

sabv sabv 09 09


kv-Ir-X-Øn-¬ i-{Xp°-sf tim-jn-∏n-°p-∂ i‡nsb "ip-jv-a' F-∂m-Wv hn-fn-°p-I. B-Nmcy\pw in-jy-\n-¬ Cu Ima-t{Im-[-tem-`m-ZnIsf tim-jn-∏n-°p-∂ i-‡n-sb-bm-Wv I-\n-™p \-¬I - p-∂Xv. in-jy-≥ B-Nmcy-t\m-Sv ]-db - p-Ib - mWv; ]nX-cx = A-√tbm A—-\p Xp-ey\m-b BNm-cym, hx=A-ß-bp-sS timjmb = Cu 'i{Xp-tim-j-I'am-b (i-{Xp-hn-s\ C-√m-Xm-°p-∂) i-‡n e-`n-°m\m-bn \ax= R-ß-ƒ \-X-a-kv-°cm-bn-Øo-cp∂p. 3. C-\n h-¿-j-E-Xp-hmWv. Cu E-Xp-hn-¬ {Ko-jv-a-Øn-¬ X-]n-°-s∏-´-h-bv-s°√mw ]p-Xp-Poh-≥ e-`n-°p∂p. AtX-t]m-se Po-h-XØzw {]Zm-\w sN-øp-∂ Cu h-¿-j E-Xp-hn-s\-t∏m-se ]n-Xcx= A—-\v Xp-ey\m-b B-Nm-cy A-ßb - psS Cu Po-hm-b= Po-h-X-Øz-Øn-\m-bn \-ax = Rß-ƒ A-ß-bp-sS ap-≥-]n-¬ \-a-kv-°-cn-°p∂p. 4. C-\n I-S-∂p-h-cp∂-Xv A-∂w-sIm-≠v kºq¿-WX - e-`n-°p-∂ ic-Zv E-Xp-hmWv. A∂sØ 'kz[m' F-∂v hn-fn-°m-dp≠v. 'kz-[m ssh i-cZv' F-∂ hm-Iy-a-\p-k-cn-®v i-cØpw kz-[m BWv. Cu A-∂-Øm-¬ 'kz' = X-\n-bv-°v [m = [-cn°m-≥ I-gn-bp-∂ i-‡n e-`n-°p∂p. B-Nm-cy\pw in-jy-\n-¬ X-\n-°v kz-¥w [-cn-°m-\p-≈ i‡nsb 'kz-[m'sb sIm-Sp-°p-I-bm-Wv sN-øp∂Xv. A-Xn-\m-¬ in-jy-≥ ]-d-bp-I-bm-Wv ]nXcx = A-√tbm B-Nm-cym, hx= A-ß-bpsS Cu kz-¥w F-Sp-Ø-Wn-bm-\p-≈, [-cn-°m-\p-≈ a-\xi-‡n-bv° - m-bn \ax= R-߃ - \-ak - v° - c - n-°p∂p. 5. i-c-Zv-Im-e-Øn-\p-ti-jw h-∂-W-bp∂-Xv io-X-ap-≈ tl-a-¥-E-Xp-hmWv. tLm-c-am-Wv tla-¥-sa-∂v ]-d-bm-dp-≠v ]-e-cpw. B-Nm-cy\pw hnZym-¿-∞nI-sf i-{Xp-°-ƒ-s°-Xn-sc tLm-c-kz-`mh-ap-≈h - c - m-°p∂p. A-Xn-\m-¬ in-jy-≥ B-Nmcyt\m-Sv ]-d-bp-I-bm-Wv. ]nX-cx = A-√tbm ]n-Xrk-am-\\m-b B-Nmcym hx = A-ß-bpsS Cu tLmcmb = tLm-c-am-b, i-{Xp-hn-s\ `-b-`o-X\m-°p-∂ hn-Zy-sb \ax= \-a-kv-°-cn-°p-∂p. 6. G-‰hpw H-Sp-hn-¬ in-in-cw h-∂-W-bp∂p. X-Wp-∏p a-µ-K-Xn-bn-em-hp-Ibpw D-jv-W-Øn-s‚ A-`m-hhpw ImcWw Cu ka-bw A-dn-hp kºm-Zn-°m-≥ G-‰hpw D-Nn-Xam-b Im-e-amWv. BNm-cy\pw in-jy-\v b-Ym-¿-∞ ⁄m-\w e-`n-°p∂-Xn-\p-≈ Im-em-h-ÿbpw A-¥-co-£hpw {]Zm-\w sN-øp∂p. in-jy-≥ ]-d-bp-I-bmWv. ]nXcx = A-√tbm B-Nm-cym, hx A-ß-bp-sS ap-≥]n-¬ a-\y-th = ⁄m-\-Øn-\m-bn \-ax=R-߃ hn-\-bm-\zn-X-\m-bn A-ß-bp-sS k-ao-]w C-cn°p∂p. \tam hx ]nX-cx = A-√tbm B-Nmcym, A-ß-bp-sS ap-≥-]n-¬ \-a-kv-°-cn-°p∂p, ]nX-cx \-ax hx = A-√tbm B-Nmcym ho≠pw R-߃ - A-ßb - p-sS ap-≥] - n-¬ \-ak - v° - c - n-°p∂p.

""⁄m-\w \-¬-Ip-∂ B-Nm-cy-≥ A—-\mWv. B-dp E-Xp-°-ƒ {I-a-Øn-¬ N-en-°p-Ibpw A-h `n-∂ß - fm-b c-kßfpw h-kX v- p-°fpw \n-¿Ω - n-°p-Ibpw sN-øp∂p. AtX-t]m-se B-Nm-cy-≥ hn-Zym-¿-∞n-bp-sS ta-¬ hn-`n-∂-ßfmb Kp-Wß-sf h-¿-jn-°p-∂p. ''

]nX-cx = A—-\p Xp-ey\m-b B-Nm-cym, A-ßv \x = R-߃-°v Kr-lm≥ = ho-SpI-sf ZØ = \-¬-In-bm-epw. {]m-No-\-Ime-Øv B-Nm-cy-\v hn-Zym-¿-∞nIsf th-≠-co-Xn-bn-ep-≈ F-√m hn-Zy-Ifpw {]-Zm\w sN-bv-Xv in-jys‚ Kp-W-ß-sfbpw I-¿-Ωß-sfbpw k-ºq-¿-W-am-°n Kr-l-ÿ-\m-°m-≥ {]m-]v-X-\m-°p∂p. A-—\pw A-Ωbpw B Km-¿l-ÿy-Øn-te-°v Ip-´n-sb kzmK-Xw sN-øp∂p. B-Nm-cys‚ Cu {]-h-¿-Ø\-sØ R-ß-sf-√mhcpw kp-kzmK-Xw sN-øp∂p. R-ßfpw ]nXcx = A-√tbm B-Nm-cy-∑msc. k-Xx hx= Atß-bv-°v B-h-iyam-b h-kv-Xp-°-sf√mw \-¬tI≠-Xv R-ß-fp-sS I-S-a-bmWv. k-Xx = ⁄m\nbm-b A-tß-bv°v, A-ßv I-S∂p-t]m-b tij-hpw A-h-iy-h-kv-Xp-°-ƒ A-tß-bv-°v \-¬Im-≥ R-߃-°v I-gn-b-s´. (C-hn-sS Po-h-{im≤-am-Wv ]-d-bp-∂Xv) ]nX-cx = A-√tbm BNm-cym, G-X-Xv-hm-kx = Cu Xm-a-kn-°p-∂ CShpw h-kv-{X-ßfpw hx = A-ß-bp-tS-Xp X-s∂bmWv. A-ßp X-s∂-bm-Wv C-sX√mw t\-Sp-∂Xn-\v R-ß-sf {]m-]v-X-cm-°n-bXv. A-ßp-X-s∂bmWv Cu `u-Xn-I-kp-J-ß-sf√mw t\-Sm-\p-≈ {]m-]v-Xn R-߃-°v \-¬-In-bXv.

a-{¥-Øn-s‚ `m-hm¿∞w in-jy-s‚ Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ Poh-s‚ c-k-hpw, i-{Xp-tim-j-I-i-‡n-bpw, Po-h-\-X-Øz-hpw, kz¥w I-gn-hp-I-ƒ t\-Sm-\p-≈ 'kz[m' i-‡n-bpw, i-{Xp-°-fn-¬ `-b-¶-c-X-bpw, A-km-[m-c-Wam-b ⁄m-\hpw \n-d-bv-t°≠-Xv B-Nm-cy-\mWv. Ah \n-d-®-ti-jw D-Nn-Xam-b Po-hn-X-k-Jm-hn-s\ in-jy-\p {]-Zm-\w sN-tø-≠Xpw B-Nm-cy-≥ Xs∂. A-Xn-\p-ti-jw in-jy-≥ B-Nm-cy-\p ap∂n-¬ k-Zm hn-\-bm-\zn-X-\m-bn Kp-cp-Z-£n-Wmcq-]-Øn-¬ B-Po-h-\m-¥w \n-c¥-cw X-s‚ Ignhn-s\mØ-Xv \-¬-In-s°m-t≠-bn-cn-°Ww. Imc-Ww Xs‚ Cu kp-`-{Zam-b ho-Spw b-i pw {iobpw B-Nm-cy-s‚ i‡n-sIm-≠m-Wv D-≠mbXv. 

lncWy lncWy

19

sabv sabv 09 09


D]\njZv hnNmcw 3

bYm¿∞Øn¬ D]\njØp°fn¬ F¥mWv D≈Xv? k¿hw, XXv kXyw, k Bflm, XØz-akn tizX-tI-tXm. (Om. 6.8.7) D±m-e-Is‚ ]p{X-\mb BcpWn Kpcp-Ipe-hm-kw-I-gn™v K¿hn-jvT\mbn aS-ßn-sb-Øp∂p. ]p{Xs‚ `mhw I≠-t∏msg D±m-e-I\p a\ n-embn Xs‚ aI≥ thZ-Øns‚ i_vZ-⁄m\ta t\Sn-bn-´p-≈p. thZ-s∏m-cp-fmb Bfl-XØ - za-dn-™n-´n-s√-∂v. tZlm-`n-am-\nt° K¿hp-≠m-hpI-bp-≈p. {_“m-fi-Øns‚ bYm¿∞-kØ {]]-©-Øn-s‚-b-√, {_“-Øn-t‚-Xm-Wv. AXpt]mse ]nfi-Øn¬ tZl-Øn-s‚-b√ Bflmhns‚ kØ-bm-Wv, bYm¿∞w. tZlm-Zn-Iƒ AtN-X\ - a - m-Wv, {XnKp-Wm-flI-am-Wv. Bflm-hmIs´ tNX-\hpw {XnKp-Wm-Xo-Xh - a - m-Wv. OmtµmtKym-]-\n-j-Ønse Bdm-a-≤ymbw F´mw Jfi-Øn¬ D±m-e-I˛ BcpWo D]m-Jym\w XpSßp-∂p. Cu {]I-c-W-Øn¬ HºXp {]mhiyw Bh¿Øn-°p∂ kq‡n-bm-Wv, kb GtjmWn- a m.... XØz- a kn tizX- t ItXm F∂- X v . bmsXm-∂mtWm Cu kp£v-a-am-bn-´p-≈-Xv, Cu kI-e-P-KØpw B Bflm-hn-\p-th-≠n-bp-≈XmWv AXp kXy-am-Wv. AXv Bflm-hm-Wv. tl tizX-tItXm \o B Bflm-hm-Wv. Cu kq‡n-bnse AWna, sFX-Zmflyw F∂o ]Z-߃ Gsd {it≤-ba - m-Wv. ]c-am-flmhv k¿h-hym-]n-bm-I-bm¬ hn`p-hm-Wv. altXm alo-b\pw AtWm-c-Wo-b\p-am-Wv. Pohm-flmhv

cmPp ]q™m¿

D]m-ky-\mb

{]⁄m-\-sØ-bp-]m-kn-®-XpsIm≠v F¥mWp ^ew ? D]-\n-jXv XpS-cp∂p, Fß-s\-bmtWm A\p-Iq-e-bmb `mcybm¬ KmV-ambn Benw-K\w sNø-s∏-´-h≥ _mlyhpw B¥-ch - p-amb bmsXm-∂p-ad - n-bm-sXbn-cn-°p-∂Xv A{]-Imcw Xs∂ B ]pcp-j≥ {]⁄m-flm-hn-\m-em-enw-K\w sNø-s∏-´-t∏mƒ _mlyhpw B¥-c-hp-amb bmsXm-∂p-a-dn-bp-∂n√. Ah≥ B]vX-Im-a-\mbn Xs∂-Øm≥ ad∂v ]c-am-\-µ-a-\p-`-hn-°p-∂p. {]⁄m\w {_“ F∂ hmIyw Fhn-sS\n-∂-S¿Øn-sb-Sp-Øpthm AhnsS tN¿Øpsh®v ]q¿thm-Øc - `- m-Kß - f - p-ambn ka-\z-bn-∏n®p t\m°n-bm¬ Poh≥ {_“-am-sW-∂√ Poh\pw {_“hpw thsd thsd-bm-sW∂ A¿∞-amWp In´p-I. am{X-a√ {_“w {]]-©-Øns‚ \nbmaI i‡n-bm-sW∂pw {]]-©sØ \bn-°p∂ B {]Ir--jvS-⁄m\w {]]-©-Øn¬ \n∂pw Pohm-flm-hn¬ \n∂pw A\y-am-sW∂pw k¿h\n-b¥ - m-hmb {_“-sØ-bp-]m-kn®v Pohm-flmhv ap‡-\m-bn-Øo-cp-sa∂pw shfn-s∏-Sp-∂p. Npcp°-Øn¬ AssZzX kn≤n-b-√, Poh≥ {]IrXn Cuiz-c≥ F∂ ss{XX kn≤n-bmWv {]⁄m\w {_“ F∂ hmIy-Øns‚ A¿Yhn-Nm-c-Øn-eqsS e`n-°p-I. 7. k b Gtjmf-Wn-am, sFX-Zm-fly-anZw

lncWy

20 20

sabv 09


AWp-hm-Wv. ico-c-Øn¬ lrZ-b-Kp-l-bn¬ am{Xw hncm-Pn-°p-∂-XmWv Pohm-flm-hv, ]c-amflmhv AWp-kz-cq-]n-bmb Pohm-flm-hnepw hym]n- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. Cu PU PKXv Pohm flmhn\pth≠nbmWv h¿Øn°p∂Xv. sFXZmXvayw anZw k¿∆w F∂-Xnse sFXZmflyw F∂ ]Zw, GXkvssa Bflt\ CXn GX-Zmfl XtZh sFX-Zmflyw F∂mWv \n¿h-Nn-t°-≠X - v. AXm-bX - v, CZw k¿hw CsX√mw˛ Zriy-{]-]-©w˛ AWp-hmb Pohm-flmhns‚ D]-t`m-K-Øn-\p-≈-Xm-Wv. Cu kq£vacq-]n-bmb Pohm-flm-hn¬ AtWm-c-Wo-bm\pw al-tXm-a-lo-bm-\p-amb {_“w hym]n-®n-cn-°p∂p. A√tbm tizX-tItXm ]c-am-flm-hns‚ hym]y-ÿm-\-amb Pohm-flm-hmWp \o. D±m-eI˛ BcpWo kwhm-Z-Øn¬ Poh{_-ss“Iy {]Xn-]m-Z\w Xosc-bn-√. hmkvXh-Øn¬, Cu {]I-c-W-Øn¬ Hcn-°¬t]mepw {_“ i_v Z w kpNn- X - a m- h p- ∂ n- √ . Bflmi_vZw hcp-∂p-≠v. D±m-e-I≥ \¬Ip∂ DZml-c-W-ß-fn-eqsS a\\w sNøp-tºmƒ Bfli_vZw {_“-sØ-b√ Pohm-flm-hn-s\-bmWv kqNn-∏n-°p-∂-sX∂v kpXcmw hy‡-am-hpw. XØz-a-kn-bnse XXv]Zw {_“-sØ-°pdn-°p-∂-Xmbn°qsS ? Aß-s\-sb-¶n¬ tizXtItXm \o {_“m-hp-∂p. F∂¿∞-am-hp-Ibnt√ ? F√m-bvt∏mgpw F√m-bn-SØpw XXv]Zw {_“-hm-Nn-b-√. Cu kq‡n-bn¬ Xs∂ \]pwk-I-enw-K-amb kXy-sØ-°p-dn-°m≥ XXv]-Zw {]tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. AtX, kXy-Øn\p ]Ic-ambn XXv]Zw {]tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. GsXmcp kXy-]-Zm¿∞-amtWm ico-c-Øn-ep-≈Xv B kXy-]-Zm¿∞w \obm-Ip-∂p, tizX-tI-tXm \o ico-c-a√ Bflm-hm-Wv. XXv]Zw {_“-sØ-°pdn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ {]I-c-Whpw {_“-kw-_-‘nbm- b n- c n- ° - W w. Pohm- t ]- X w, hmh- I n- t eZw {anbtX \ Pothm {anbX CXn. kb Gtjmƒ Wna.... XØz-akn tizX-tIXm CXn F∂ {]kvXm-h-\-Øn¬, ico-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw Poh≥ ]pd- Ø p- t ]m- h p- ∂ - X n- s \- ° p- d n®p ]d- b p∂ kµ¿`- Ø n¬ {_“w FhnsS \n∂v NmSn hogp∂p ? Fß-s\-sbms° t\m°n-bmepw XXz-ak - n-bnse XXv]Zw {_“hm-Nn-b√ - . tZlm`n-am-\n-bmb Bcp-Wnsb Xm≥ tZl-Øn¬ \n∂pw `n∂-amb Bflm-hm-sW∂v t_m[n-∏n°p-I-bm-Wv, Bflm-`n-am-\n-bm-°p-I-bmWv D±me- I ≥ XØz- a kn hmtIym- ] - t Z- i - Ø n- e qsS km[n-°p-∂X - v. D±m-eI - ≥ \nc-Øp∂ kIe DZml-c-W-ßfpw AXn-\p-t]m-Zv_e-I-am-Wv. 8. btYm¿W-\m-`nx-k-˛-PtX KrlvW-tXN bYm ]rYzn-hym-tam-j-[bx kw`-h¥n bYm-k-Xv]p-cp-jmXv tIi-tem-am\n XYm-£-cmXv kw`-h-Xo-l-hnizw (ap.1.1.17)

""

Nne¥n F∂Xv Hcp hnti-jc - q-]Øn-ep≈ `uXn-It- Zlhpw AXn-e[ - njvTn-Xa - m-bncn-°p∂ Poh-ssN-X\yhpw IpSn-t®¿∂ H∂m-Wv. icocw PUamWv Bflm-h√ - . NØ-Nn-e¥n-bpsS ico-cØ - n¬ \n∂pw \qev D≠mhp-∂n-√. icocw hn´ Pohm-flmhv kzbw \qev D≠m-°p∂p-an-√. Cu kq‡nbpsS im¶c-`mjyw a\\w sNbvXm¬ Xmsg tN¿°p∂ Imcy-߃ hy‡-amhpw.

''

Nne¥n a‰p-]I - c - ß - f - psS klm-ba - n-√msX lncWy

21

Xs∂ Xs‚ ico-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw `n∂-a-√mØ X¥p-°sf ]pd-tØ°p {]k-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw B X¥p-°sf ho≠pw {Kln®v Xs‚ ico-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw A`n-∂-am°n Xo¿°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. AXp-t]mse F{]-Im-ca - mtWm `qan-bn¬ \n∂pw {holn, bhw XpSßn hr£- ] - c y- ¥ - a p≈ kakvX Hmj-[n-I-fp-ap-≠m-hp-∂-Xv, F{]-Im-camtWm Poh-\p≈ ]pcp-j-\n¬ \n∂pw tIitem-am-Zn-I-fp-≠m-hp-∂Xv A{]-Imcw Cu kwkm-c-a-fi-e-Øn¬ CXn¬ ({_-“-Øn¬) \n∂v `n∂hpw ({]-Ir-Xn-tbm-Sv) kam-\-e-£-Whp-ap-≈-Xmb Cu hnizw as‰mcp \nan-Ø-Im-cW-Øns‚ At]£ IqSmsX A£-c-Øn¬ \n∂p-ap-Xv]-∂-am-hp-∂p. Nne¥n F∂Xv Hcp hnti-jc - q-]Ø - n-ep≈ `uXn-I-tZ-lhpw AXn-e-[n-jvTn-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂ Poh-ssN-X-\yhpw IpSn-t®¿∂ H∂m-Wv. icocw PU-amWv Bflm-h-√. NØ-Nn-e-¥n-bpsS icoc-Øn¬ \n∂pw \qev D≠m-hp-∂n-√. icocw hn´ Pohm-flmhv kzbw \qev D≠m-°p-∂p-an-√. Cu kq‡n-bpsS im¶-c-`mjyw a\\w sNbvXm¬ Xmsg tN¿°p∂ Imcy-߃ hy‡-am-hpw. 1. Nne-¥n°v kzi-co-c-Øn¬ \n∂pw \qep≠m-°p-∂-Xn\v as‰mcp Nne-¥n-bptStbm a‰v _mly-i-‡n-I-fp-sStbm klmbw Bh-iy-an√. AXp-t]mse Cuiz-c\v PKXv krjvSn- \SØp-∂-Xn\v as‰m-co-iz-c-s‚tbm _mly-tN-X\ hkvXp-°f - p-sStbm klm-ba - m-hi - y-an-√. krjvSn cN-\-bn¬ Cuiz-c≥ kzbw ka¿∞-\m-Wv. (PKZv hym]m-c-h¿÷w {]I-c-WmZ k∂n-ln-XXzm® (-{_. kq 4.4.17) PKXv krjvSymZn hym]mc-sam-gnsI A\y-amb AWn-am-ssZy-izcyw ap‡∑m¿°p kn≤n-°pw. PKZv hym]m-ca - m-Is´ \nXykn-≤\ - mb Cuiz-c\ - p-am-{X-ap-≈X - m-Ip-∂p. F¥psIm-s≠-∂m¬ B `mKw ]d-bp∂ {ipXn-If - psS {]Ir-X-hn-jbw Cuiz-c-\m-Wv. Poh\v AhnsS km∂n-≤y-an-√. Xm\pw. ]c-ta-iz-c-\-√tbm PKZv hym]m- c - Ø n- e - [ n- I r- X ≥. ap‡m- fl m- ° ƒ°v Ass\-I-aXyw aqew A`n-{]m-b-hy-Xym-k-ap≠mhmw Hcp-h\v krjvSn-bn¬ XmXv]cyw tXm ∂p- t ºmƒ as‰m- c p- h \v kwlm- c - Ø n- e mhmw XmXv]-cyw. 2. Nne-¥n-bpsS Poh-ssN-X\yw ( Pohmflmhv ) \qep-≠m-°p∂ \nan-Ø-Im-c-W-am-Wv. D]-Zm-\-Im-cWw ico-c-am-Wv. 3. X¥p≥ _ln¿ {]km-c-b-Xn˛ X¥p°sf ]pd-tØ°v {]k-cn-∏n-°p-∂-tX-bp-≈p, ]pXp-Xmbn D≠m-°p-∂n-√. \ma-cq-]m-Zn-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂-tX-bp-≈p. c≠m-asØ DZm-l-c-Ww˛ `qan-bn¬ \n∂pw sNSn-Iƒ D≠m-hp∂Xpt]mse F∂m-Wv. `qan sNSn-I-fpsS D¤-h-Øn-\m-{i-b-am-Wv. Ah-bpsS D-≠m-h-ens‚ ImcWw AXmXp sNSn-I-fpsS _oP-amWv kky-Pm-eß - f - psS krjvSn-bn¬ `qan km[m-cW ImcWw am{X-am-Wv. \nan-Ø-Im-csabv 09


∂-Xp-t]mse ip≤-\mb Pohm-flmhv ]c-am-flmhn-t\mSv tNcp∂p F∂v ItTm-]-\n-jØpw ]dbp-∂p. Cu D]a Xs∂ ssZzX-kn-≤n°p {]amW-am-hp-∂p. Hmtcm hntij hkvXp-hn\pw c≠p-cq-]ap≠v; _mly-cq-]hpw B¥-cn-I-k-Ø-bpw. BZy-tØ-Xn¬ hkvXp-hns‚ BIm-c-{]-Im-cßfpw \ndw XpS- ß n- b - h bpw Dƒs∏- S p- ∂ p. c≠m- a - t ØXv AXns‚ B¥- c n- I - k Ø AYhm hkvXp-X-Øz-am-Wv. \mahpw cq]hpw ico- c - Ø n- s ‚- b mWv ; Pohm- fl m- h n- s ‚- b - √ . Poh≥ ap‡m-h-ÿsb {]m]n-°p∂ Ah-k-cØn¬ icocw \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂p. hkvXp-X-Xz-amb Poh≥am{Xw kzcq-]-Øn¬ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. \Zn-Iƒ kap-{Z-Øn¬ ]Xn-®X - n-\p-tijw KwKm, bap\ F∂o t]cp-Ifpw cq]hpw \in-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ Pew F∂ hkvXp XØzw \in-°p∂n-√. AXp-t]mse ap‡m-h-ÿ-bn¬ icochpw \mahpw \in-°p-∂p-sh-¶nepw BflXØzw \in-°p-∂n-√. PK-Zvhym-]m-c-h¿P {]I-c-Wm-Z-k-∂nlnX Xm®. ({_“ kq. 44.17) tam£m-h-ÿbn¬ Poh≥ {_“- a mbnØocp- ∂ pt≠m ? tam£m-h-ÿ-bn¬ PKZv hym]-c-sam-gn®v A\ysF-iz-cy-߃ Pohm-flm-hn\p e`n-°p∂p PK{Z-N-\-bn¬ Poh≥ k∂n-ln-X-\-√. Cu kq‡Øns‚ `mjy-Øn¬ {ioi-¶-c≥ ]d-bp-∂p. PKZp-Xv]-XymZn hym]mcw h¿÷-bn-Xz-t\y-ZWn amZym-fl-I-ssa-iycyw ap‡m\mw `hn-Xp-a¿lXn. PK-Zvhym-]m-ckvXp \nXy-kn-≤-ssky-iz-cky. IpXx-]c Gh-lo-iztcm PK-Zvhym-]m-tc- ƒ [n-IrXmx tX\m k∂n-ln-XmkvtX PK-Zvhym]m-tc. GtX-jm-a-ss\-I-atXy Ikym-NnXv ÿnXy-`n-{]mbx Iky-Nn-’w-lm-cm-`n-{]mb CtXy]w hntcm[m ƒ ]n IZm-Nn-’ym-Xv. Cu hymJym-\-Øn¬ \n∂pw Xmsg-∏-dbp∂ Imcy-߃ hy‡-am-hp-∂p.

Wtam D]m-Zm-\-Im-c-Wtam A√. `qan D]m-Zm\-Im-c-W-am-sW-¶n¬ F√m sNSn-Ifpw F√mbn-SØpw F¥p-sIm-≠p-≠m-hp-∂n√ ? F¥n\v Irjn-sN-øWw ? sNSn-I-fpsS D≠m-h-en\pw \ne-\n¬]n\pw a‰pw `qan B{i-b-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xp-t]mse {]IrXn PK{Zq]w {]m]n-°p-∂-Xn\v {_“w A[n-jvTm-\-am-Wv. 10. bYm \Zyx-ky-µ-am-\mx-k-ap-t{Z ƒ -kvXwK-—-¥n-\m-a-cqt] hnlm-b. XYm hnZym- ∂ m- fl - k z- c q- ] m- Z zn- a p- ‡ x]-cmXv]cw ]pcp-j-ap-ss]-Xn-Zn-hyw. (ap-fiIw 3.2.8) Hgp-Ip∂ \Zn-Iƒ Xß-fpsS \ma-cq-]-߃ Dt]-£n®v kap-{Z-Øn¬ sN∂-h-km-\n-°p-∂p. AXp-t]mse ⁄m\n \ma-cq-]-ßsf Dt]-£n®n´v ]c-am-flm-hns\ {]m]n-°p-∂p. Cu hmIyØn¬ Pohm-flmhpw XΩn-ep≈ At`-Z-a√ t`ZamWv hy‡-am-hp-∂-Xv. At`-Z-amWv I¬∏n-°p∂-sX-¶n¬ kwtbm-Kk - w-_‘ - a - mb {]kvXmhw icn-bm-hp-I-bn-√. t`Z-ap≈ c≠p-h-kvXp-°ƒ XΩnte kwtbm-K-ap-≠m-hp. At`-Z-am-Wv. hnh£-sb-¶n¬ IpSn-t®-cp∂ {]iv\-ta-bn-√. BZyta-bp≈ H∂v c≠m-b-Xm-Wv. ]o∂oSh IpSnt®¿∂p-sh-∂m-sW-¶n¬ H∂n¬ \n∂p c≠p-≠mhp∂ ]Zm¿∞w Ah-b-hhpw ]cn-Wm-an-bp-amWv. F∂m¬ {_“w \nc-h-b-hhpw A]-cn-Wman-bp-am-b-Xn-\m¬ AXv Hcn-°¬ hnbp-‡-am-hpIbpw ]n∂oSv kwbp-‡-am-hp-I-bn-√. “btYmZIw ipt≤ ip≤-am-kn‡w XmZy-tK-h-`-hXn” (I-Tw. 2.1.15) ip≤-P-e-Øn¬ ip≤-Pew tNcp-

lncWy

""{]⁄m\w {_“ F∂ hmIyw Fhn-sS-\n-∂S- ¿Øn-sb-Sp-Øpthm AhnsS tN¿Øp-sh®v ]q¿thm-Øc-`m-K-ß-fp-ambn ka-\z-bn-∏n®p t\m°n-bm¬ Poh≥ {_“-am-sW∂√ Poh\pw {_“hpw thsd thsd- b m- s W∂ A¿∞- a mWp In´p-I. Npcp-°-Øn¬ AssZzX kn≤n-b√ - , Poh≥ {]IrXn Cuizc≥ F∂ ss{XX kn≤n-bmWv {]⁄m\w {_“ F∂ hmIyØns‚ A¿Y-hn-Nm-c-Øn-eqsS e`n-°p-I. '' 22

sabv 09


1. Pohm-flm-hns‚ Akvan-Xzhpw {_“-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ t`Zhpw Ahn-Zym-Ir-X-a-√. AhnZy \in-®n-cn-°p∂ Ah-ÿ-bmWv tam£m-hÿ. Cu Ah-ÿ-bn¬ Pohm-flmhv {_“Øn¬ \n∂pw `n∂hpw kzX-{¥-hp-ambn kzXzw \i-n°msX \ne-\n¬°p-∂p. 2. PK-Zvhym-]-c-Øn¬ ap‡m-flm-°-fpsS kltbmKw C√. Ah-bpsS km∂n[yw t]mepw ]c-ta-iz-c-\n-jvS-s∏-Sp-∂n-√. 3. ap‡m-flm-°ƒ At\-Ia - m-Wv. Ah¿ XΩn¬ A`n-{]m-b-t`-Zhpw D≠m-hmw. 4. Pohm-flmhv ]c-am-flm-hns‚ Awi-a-√. 11. tkbw tZh- s sX- £ X lµ- l - a namw kvXnt{km-tZ-hXm At\\ Poth-\m-fl\m ƒ \p-{]-hniy \macqt] hymI-c-hmWn (Om. 632.) B {_“- c q- ] - Ø n- e p≈ tZhX Cu £Ww sNbvXp: Rm≥ Cu aq∂p-tZ-h-X-Ifnepw Pohm-flm-hn-t\m-Sp-IqSn A\p-{]-th-in-®n´v \ma-cq-]-Øn¬ hnkvXr-X-am-Ipw F∂v. PK-’yjvSn°p ap≥]v Cu PKØv Ahy-Ir-X-\m-a-cq]m-h-ÿ-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. CXns\ Ahym-Ir-Xm-hÿ- b n¬ \n∂pw hymIr- X m- h - ÿ - b n- t e°v sIm≠p-h-∂Xv {_“-am-Wv. Cu {_“w PKXv krjvSn°pw ap≥t]-bp-≠v. “Rm≥ Cu aq∂v tZh-X-Iƒ°pw \ma-cq]-߃ \¬Ipw”. F∂ {]kvXm-h-\-bn¬ \n∂pw k-XzcPkvX-tam-cq-]nI- f mb Cu aq∂p- t Z- h - X - I fpw {_“- Ø n¬ \n∂pw `n∂hpw {_“- Ø ns‚ Cu £WØn\pw ap≥t]-Xs - ∂ D≈-Xp-amWv F∂v hy‡am-hp-∂p. Ch-c-≠n¬ \n∂pw `n∂-amWv Pohmfl-X-Øzw. At\\ Poth-\m-fl\m A\p-{]hniy F∂ {]kvXm-h-Ønse A\p F∂ D]k¿Kw {it≤-b-am-Wv. H∂ns‚ {]th-i-Øn\p tij-ap-≈-XmWv A\p-{]-th-i-\w. BZyw {]thiw A\-¥cw A\p-{]-th-iw. ap∂nepw ]n∂n-ep-ambn {]th-in-°p∂-Xn-\m¬ ssZzXw kn≤-am-hp-∂p. “icocw {]hnjvtSm PothmPoha\p {]hn-jvSx-Cu-izcx” Chn-sSbpw ]c-amflmhv Pohm-flmhv {]IrXn F∂o {XnXz-Øns‚ A\m-Zn-`mhw kv]jvS-am-hp-∂p. 12. t`m‡m t`mKyw t{]cn-Xmcw Na-Xzmk¿hw t{]m‡w {Xnhn[w {_“-ta-X-Xv (tiz-Xm. 1.12.) Cu kp‡n-bpsS im¶-c-`m-jyw, “t`m‡m-Pothm t`mKy-an-X-c-k¿hw t{]cn-Xm¥-cym-an-]-c-ta-izcx XtZ-X-{Xn-hn[w t{]m‡w {_ss“-Xn ”. Poh≥ t`m‡m-hm-Wv. A¥-cym-an-bmb ]c-ta-iz-c≥ t{]cn-Xm-hm-Wv. t`m‡mhpw A¥cym-an-bp-a-√m-Ø-sX√mw t`mKy-am-Wv. Cu aq-∂ns\bpw {_“-sa∂p ]d-bp∂p

""

thZmZn imkv{X-ßfn¬ ‘{_“-’]Zw Cuiz-c≥ Poh≥, {]IrXn F∂o aq∂ns\bpw Ipdn-°p∂p. tPyjvT{_“w Cuiz-cs - \°p-dn-°ptºmƒ CZw {_“w Pohm-flmhn-s\bpw alXv{_“w {]Ir-Xntbbpw kqNn-∏n-°p∂p. C{]Imcw {_“-Øn\v _rl-Ømb-Xn\v aq∂v cq]ß-fp-≠v. {]I-cW - m\p-k-cWw A¿Y\n¿≤mcWw sNøW-sa-∂Xp am{Xw.

'' lncWy

23

thZmZn imkv { X- ß - f n¬ ‘{_“- ’]Zw Cuiz-c≥ Poh≥, {]IrXn F∂o aq∂n-s\bpw Ipdn-°p-∂p. tPyjvT{- _“w Cuiz-cs - \-°p-dn-°ptºmƒ CZw {_“w Pohm-flm-hn-s\bpw alXv{_“w {]Ir-Xn-tbbpw kqNn-∏n-°p-∂p. C{]Imcw {_“-Øn\v _rl-Øm-b-Xn\v aq∂v cq]ß-fp-≠.v {]I-cW - m-\p-kc - Ww A¿Y-\n¿≤m-cWw sNø-W-sa-∂Xp am{Xw. D]- \ n- j - Ø p- ° - f psS \njv ] - £ hpw \njvIr-jvS-hp-amb ]T\w sshZnI A\m-Zn-XØz- h n- N m- c - Ø n- t e°p \bn- ° p- ∂ p. Imcy- ] Zm¿∞-ßs - f-√m-a\ - n-Xyhpw Imc-W] - Z- m¿∞-߃ \nXy-hp-am-Wv. “aqte-aq-em-`-hm--Z-aqew aqew” (kmwJyw 1.32) thcn\p thcn-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ thcn-√m-Ø-XmWv thcv. AYhm Imc-W-Øn\v Imc-W-an-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ Imc-W-an-√m-Ø-XmWv Imc-Ww. \nan-Øw, D]m-Zm\w km[m-cWw F∂v Imc-WsØ aq∂mbn hn`-Pn-°mw. Cu Imc-W߃ aqe-Im-c-W-ß-fm-Wv. AXn-\m¬ A\m-Znbm-Wv. kr-jvSn-{]-{In-b-bn¬ \nan-Ø-Im-cWw {_“w AYhm Cuiz-c\pw D]-Zm\ ImcWw {]Ir-Xnbpw km[m-cW ImcWw Pohm-flm-hpam-Wv. D]-\n-jØ - p-°ƒ Chsb H‰-bvs°m-‰°pw ]c-kv]cw _‘-s∏-Sp-Ønbpw N¿® sNøp-∂p. Npcp-°-Øn¬ A\m-Zn-X-Øz-ß-sf∂ ss{XXamWv D]-\n-j-Xv{]-Xn-]m-Zyw. (Ahkm\n®p) sabv 09


kwkv°mc{InbIfpsS ]cnÿnXnZ¿i\w B Pcmbphns\ kv a cn°pIbmWnhnsS. _lpam\n°pIbpw sNøp∂p. Ip™n\v ]q¿Whf¿®sbØp∂Xphsc t]mjn∏n®v Pcmbp AXns\ ImØpkq£n® t]mse {]IrXnbmIp∂ Pcmbp \sΩ F√mhscbpw Xo‰nt∏m‰p∂p. \ΩpsS \ne\n¬∏pXs∂ {]IrXn \¬Ip∂ t]mjIßsf (`£Ww F∂ A¿∞Øn¬ am{Xa√) B{ibn®mWv. B {]IrXnsb \mw _lpam\nt°≠XmWv. ]t£ Ct∏mƒ F¥mWv kw`hn°p∂Xv? {]IrXntbmSv _lpam\ans√∂Xpt]ms´, kuIcy߃°pth≠nbp≈ s\t´m´Øn¬ \mw {]IrXnsb CSXShn√msX apdns∏SpØn s°mt≠bncn°p∂p. AXns‚ kp`KXsb√mw \mw Du‰nsbSp°p∂p. \µntISmWnsX∂v

kn.sI. kpPnØvIpam¿

{]khØn\p

sXm´papºpw tijhpambn sNøp∂ kwkv°mc{InbbmWv PmXI¿Ωw. PmXI¿ΩØns‚ `mKambn K¿`nWnbpsS {]khkabw ASpØphcptºmƒ AhcpsS `¿Ømthm, ho´nse {]mbw sN∂ kv{XoIfn¬ Hcmtfm am¿P\w sNbvXv sNm√p∂ aq∂p a{¥ßfp≠v. 10 amkw th≠ coXnbn¬ ]q¿W hf¿®sbØnbn´p am{Xw \o {]khn°pI F∂mWv ]dbp∂Xv. Ip™ns‚ ]q¿Whf¿ ®sb Ipdn®mWv ChnsS {]Xn]mZn°p∂Xv. ]q¿W hf¿®bv ° v klmbIcambn \n∂ LSIw Pcmbp (placenta) hmWv. Pcmbphm Wv Ip™ns\ kpc£nXam°n sh®ncp∂Xv. lncWy

24

sabv 09


]dbmXncn°m≥ \nhrØnbn√. a\pjycpsS `uXnIhpw Bflobhpamb D∂a\Øn\pw ]q¿Whf¿®bv ° pw {]IrXnsb∂ Pcmbp hns\ \ne\n¿tØ≠Xv AXymhiyambncn °p∂p. PmXI¿Ω kwkvImcØn¬ Xs∂ P\\w Ign™tijw Bdp a{¥ßƒ sNm√ns°m≠v A—≥ Ip™ns‚ Np≠n¬ tX\pw s\øpw tN¿∂ an{inXw kz¿WtamXncw sIm≠v \¬Ip∂ NSßp≠v. CXn¬ 2˛5 hscbp≈ a{¥ßƒ (""Hmw `qkv X zbn Z[man'', ""Hmw `phkvXzbn Z[man'', ""Hmw kzkvXzbn Z[man'', ""Hmw `qcv ` phx kz cv h w Xzbn Z[man'') ]dbp∂Xv , `uXnIambn´p≈ F√mhn[ i‡nIfpw ]Zm¿∞ßfpw Fs‚ Ip™n\v thWw, kIeam\ AdnhpIfpw thWw. CXn\p c≠n\pw hncp≤amImØ B\µhpw Ip™n\v thWw. B B\µØn\p th≠n H∂ns\bpw AanXambn NqjWw sNøp∂n√. NqjWw F∂ `mhta hcp∂n√. NqjWw hn]coX BNcWØn¬s]Sp∂XmWt√m. `uXnIamb PohnXsØ°pdn®p≈ `mh\bmb kwkvImc{InbIfpsS DZmØamb ]mcnÿn XnI ho£WamWv ChnsS A\mhrX amIp∂Xv. PmXI¿Ω{Inbbn¬ Xs∂, ]nXmhv BZyw Xs‚ Ip™ns‚ heXpsNhnbnepw ]ns∂ CSXpsNhnbnepw Bbp n\pth≠n ]dbp∂ HºXp a{¥ßfp≠v. AXnse HºXmasØ a{¥w t\m°pIx ""Hmw kap{Z Bbvjvam≥Xvk{ºh¥o `ncmbpjv˛ amwkvtX\ Xzm ffbptjmffbpjva¥w Itcman'' \ZnIfpsS sh≈w kap{ZØns‚ Bbpkv \nb{¥n°p∂Xpt]mse b⁄w Fs‚ Ip™ns‚bpw Bbpkv \n›bn°s´ F∂m Wv ]nXmhv `mh\ sNøp∂Xv. Cu `mh\bmWv Bbpkns\ kzm[o\n®ncp∂Xv. \ZnIfpsS sh≈amWv kap{ZØns‚ Bbpkv \nb{¥n°p∂Xv F∂v ]dbp∂nSØp \n∂pw \mw ]Tn°p∂Xv hensbmcp ]mcnÿn XnI bmYm¿∞yamWv. Pe]cnhrØn (water cycle) bnse kp{][m\ IÆnbmWv \Zn. kap{Z Ønse sh≈w kqcyXm]Øn¬ \ocmhnbmbn s]mßn, XWpØv , aeIfnse h\ßfn¬ agbmbn s]øptºmƒ B sh≈sØ XncnsI kap{ZØnseØn°p∂Xv \ZnIfmWv. sh≈w am{Xa√ \ZnIƒ kap{ZØnseØn°p∂Xv; H∏w Aaqeyamb [mXp°fpw ssPh]Zm¿∞ ßfpw a‰p t]mjIßfpw \Zn kap{ZØn\v kw`mh\ sNøp∂p. Cu t]mjI߃ kap{Zsa∂ _rlØmb Bhmkhyhÿsb \ne\n¿Øp∂Xn¬ {][m\s∏s´mcp ]¶p hln°p∂p≠v. \ZnIfpsS sh≈amWv kap{ZØns‚ Bbpkv \nb{¥n°p∂Xv F∂Xns\ \ZnIfpsS Bbp mWv kap{Z

""

\ZnIfpsS sh≈amWv kap{Z Øns‚ Bbpkv \nb{¥n °p∂Xv F∂Xns\ \ZnIfpsS Bbp mWv kap{Z Øns‚ Bbpkv \n¿Wbn °p∂Xv F∂v am‰n hmbn°m\pw BIpw. temIsØ \ZnIƒ AIme Øn¬ acWaS bptºmƒ kap{Z ßfpsS Bbpkpw tNmZy Nn”amIpw. \ZnIfn s√¶n¬ kap{Z ßfpan√ F∂mWv \mw CXn¬ \n∂pw a\ nem t°≠Xv.

'' lncWy

25

Øns‚ Bbpkv \n¿Wbn°p∂Xv F∂v am‰n hmbn°m\pw BIpw. temIsØ \ZnIƒ AImeØn¬ acWaSbptºmƒ kap{ZßfpsS Bbpkpw tNmZyNn”amIpw. \ZnIfns√¶n¬ kap{Zßfpan√ F∂mWv \mw CXn¬ \n∂pw a\ nemt°≠Xv. XpS¿∂v \maIcW kwkvImcØnte°v IS°mw. kwkvImc kº∂amb amXm]nXm °ƒ AhcpsS Ip™n\v CtS≠ t]cv KuWnIambncn°Was{X. AXmbXv GsXmcp KpWamtWm As√¶n¬ AZ¿iamtWm XßfpsS Ip™n\v hf¿ØnsbSp°m≥ A—\Ωam¿ B{Kln°p∂Xv AXn\v tbmPn°p∂ t]cv \¬Ip∂XmWv IcWobw. t]cn\v Fs¥¶nepw {]`mhapt≠m F∂p tNmZn®m¬ Bh¿Øn®t]cp hnfn°ptºmƒ D≠mIp∂ Hcp A\pIqeX (conditioning) bp≠t√m, Xo¿®bmbpw AXn\v kzm[o\ap s≠∂p thWw ]dbm≥. \maIcW kwkvImcØn¬ XnYn, XnYn thZhX, \£{Xw, \£{XtZhX F∂nh¿ °mbn \mev BlpXnIƒ \¬Imdp≠v. \£{X Øns‚ i‡nsbbmWv \£{XØns‚ tZhX F∂XpsIm≠v Dt±in°p∂Xv. GXphnt[s\ bmtWm kqcys‚ {]`mhw RmbdmgvNIfnepw N{µs‚ {]`mhw Xn¶fmgvNIfnepw `qanbn¬ kzm[o\w sNepØp∂Xv. AXpt]mse \£{X ߃°pw kzm[o\ap≠v. P\\ \£{XsØ (ZnhksØ) IW°m°nbmWv BlpXn A¿∏n°p∂Xv. \£{XØns‚ {]`mhØn\v hncp≤amImsX A\pIqeamb coXnbn¬ {]kvXpX \£{XØns‚ {]`mhsØ \an °p∂ hnimeamb ImgvN∏mSmWnXv. {]IrXn °\pkcn®p≈ kwkvImcw hnIkn°p∂Xn\v {]IrXn°\ptbmPyamb coXnbn¬ Hcp hy‡nsb Syq¨ sNøp∂Xn\p≈ Hcp ]≤Xn bmWv CXv. BdmasØ kwkvImc{Inbbmb \njv{Ia WØns‚ ]mcnÿnXnIam\w {]tXyIw ]dtb≠Xn√. Ip™v P\n®v \mepamkØn \p≈n¬ \SØp∂ Cu {Inb, AXphsc hoSn s‚ \mep NpacpIƒ°p≈n¬ Ign™ncp∂ Ip™ns\ BZyambn ]pdtØ°p sIm≠p t]mbn kz—amb hmbpk©mcw A\p`hn∏n °pIbpw Cuizcs‚ hn`qXnIfmb kqcys\ bpw N{µs\bpw ImWn®psImSp°pIbpw sNøp∂ Gsd `mh\m]q¿Wamb NSßmWnXv. kqcyZ¿i\Øn\ptijw A—\pw AΩbpw Ip™ns\bpw sIm≠v XcpeXmZnIfpsS CSbneqsS \S°pIbpw sNøpw. Cu kabØv PohPmeßsf ImWphm\pw ]£nIfpsS IqP\߃ tIƒ°m\pw Ip™n\v Ahkcw e`n°p∂p. klPoh\Øns‚ (Co-existense) BZy]mT߃ {]IrXnbn¬ \n∂v Ip™v ]Tn°m≥ XpSßp∂Xns\ \mµnbmbpw CXn s\ IcpXmw. {]IrXnsb \njv{IaWØneqsS ]cnNb sabv 09


s∏´v, {]IrXn \¬Ip∂ `£WØns‚ cpNn t`Z߃ BZyambn Adnbm≥ XpSßp∂ NSßmWv A∂{]mi\w AYhm tNmdqWv. AXphsc AΩbpsS ape∏mens\ am{Xw B{ibn®ncp∂ Ip™n\v BZyambn thhn® [m\yhpw a‰pw \¬In {]IrXnbpsS cpNnt`Z ߃ Ip™ns\ Adnbn°p∂p. A∂{]mi\Øn¬ {][m\ tlmamlpXn Ifn¬ ""Hmw hmtPm t\mfAZy{]kphmXn Zm\w hmtPm.......'' F∂p XpSßp∂ a{¥w A¿∞am°p∂Xv. ""RßfpsS D≈nse Zm\i‡nsb h¿≤n∏n°p∂Xpw t{ijv T a\pjy¿°v (hnZzm≥am¿°v) EXp°ƒ°\pIq eamb BNcW߃ sNøp∂Xn\v Ahsc ka¿∞am°p∂Xpw Cu A∂amIp∂p. Fs∂ BtcmKyap≈ a°fpsS A—\pw AΩbpam°nbXpw Cu A∂amWv . A∂ Øns‚ A[n]XnbmbnØo¿∂v Rm≥ apt∂m´p Kan°pamdmIs´. CXv A∂sØ {]Xnbp≈ Fs‚ Ima\bmWv.'' XpS¿∂p≈ A©v BlpXnIfn¬ H∂masØ a{¥Øn¬ ]dbp∂p ""A∂w km{amPym\ma[n]Xn'' A∂w km{amPyßfpsS A[n]XnbmIp∂p. aq∂masØ a{¥Øn¬ ""abn tKm]Xu {[phm Kmthm'' ""Irjn Hcn°epw ssIhnScp sX∂pw, Irjn°\ptbmPyamb G‰hpw DØaamb arKw ]iphmsW∂pw, Fs‚ hoSv BtcmKyap≈ ]ip°fm¬ \nd™Xmbncn °s´ F∂pw ]dbp∂p. ta¬kqNn∏n® a{¥ßfn¬ A∂Øns‚ t{ijvTXXsb DZvtLmjn°pIbmWv. A∂ samcp°p∂Xpw {]IrXn Xs∂. A∂w km{am PyßfpsS A[n]XnbmWv F∂p ]dbp∂Xv \mw tIcfob¿ Hm¿°p∂Xv {]tXyIn®pw \∂v. `£yhnfIfpsS Irjn ]q¿Wambpw Dt]£n ®psIm≠v hmßnØn∂p∂ kwkvImcØnte °p≈ s\t´m´ØnemWv \Ωƒ. Irjn t]mIp∂tXmsSm∏w Irjn sNbv X ncp∂, as‰mcp `mjbn¬ Irjn \ne\n¿Ønbncp∂ hbepIfpƒs∏sSbp≈ Im¿jnI ssPh Bhmk hyhÿIfpw A{]Xy£amIp∂p. `£y kzbw ]cym]vXXbn√mØ Hcp kaqlØn\pw Zo¿LImew apt∂m´pt]mIm\m In√ F∂Xv sXfnbn°s∏´p Ign™ hkvXpXbmWv. A∂Øns‚ i‡n Xncn®dn ™ temIt\Xmhmbncp∂p hn≥è N¿®n¬. c≠mw temI almbp≤w Ign™ ImeØv At±lw `£WsØ Bbp[am°m \mWv Blzm\w sNbvXXv. Cu Blzm\w Dƒs°m≠ _lpcmjv{S IpØI Iº\nIƒ `£Ww Bbp[am°ns°m≠v temIsØ sh√phnfn°pIbmWv. `£ykzbw ]cym]v X Xbn√mØ kaqlßsfsb√mw IogS°n Ah¿ ]Stbm´w XpScp∂p. AXp krjvSn® ]mcnÿnXnI Zpc¥ßƒ \nch[n bmWv. F∂n´pw \mw Xncn®dnbp∂n√ A∂w

""

Irjn°\p tbmPyamb G‰hpw DØaamb arKw ]iphmWv F∂p ]dbp ∂nSØv ]iphns‚ D¬∏∂ ßsf ASnÿm\ am°nbp≈ ]cnÿnXn kulm¿± ]camb Im¿jnI kºZv hyhÿsb °pdn®mWv kqNn∏n °p∂Xv. ssPh Irjn k{ºZmb ßfpsS sb√mw ASnØd BtcmKy ap≈ ]iphpw AhbpsS ]Icw sh°m\n √mØ D¬∏∂ ßfpamWv.

lncWy

km{amPyßfpsS A[n]XnbmsW∂v. Irjn°\ptbmPyamb G‰hpw DØaamb arKw ]iphmWv F∂p ]dbp∂nSØv ]iphns‚ D¬∏∂ßsf (]m¬, aq{Xw, NmWIw, ssXcv, s\øv ) ASnÿm\am°nbp≈ ]cnÿnXn kulm¿±]camb Im¿jnI kºZv hyhÿsb °pdn®mWv kqNn∏n°p∂Xv. lnwkmflIamb B[p\nI cmkIrjnbv°v _Zembn AhXcn∏n °s∏Sp∂ ssPhIrjn k{ºZmbßfpsS sb√mw ASnØd BtcmKyap≈ ]iphpw AhbpsS ]Icw sh°m\n√mØ D¬∏∂ß fpamWv. A∂{]mi\Øn¬ \n∂pw ]ØmasØ kwkv I mc{Inbbmb D]\b\ØnseØp tºmƒ kXy{hXmlpXnbnse ]mcnÿnXnI Z¿i\amWv \sΩ BI¿jn°pI. D]\b\ kwkvImcØn¬ A·n, hmbp, kqcy≥, N{µ≥, C{µ≥ F∂o A©v tZhXIƒ°p th≠n bmWv kXy{hXmlpXn sNøp∂Xv. kXy{hXm lpXnbnse a{¥ßfpsS kmam\yamb A¿∞w Cßs\ kw{Kln°mw. {hXßfpsS A[n]Xnbmb Cuizc≥ Xs‚ {hXßsf AWphnS t]mepw sX‰msX

'' 26

sabv 09


Xmfw sX‰n°p∂ ]mcnkvXnXnI {]iv\߃°v hgnsh°p∂ {]h¿ØnIfn¬ G¿s∏Sm\mhpI bn√t√m. ]q¿W {_lvaNcyw A\pjvTn®v hnZym `ymkw ]q¿Ønbm°n Adnhp t\Snb bphXo bphm°ƒ kt¥m¬∏mZ\Øn\pw t{ijvTamb Krlÿm{ia [¿ΩmNcWØn\p th≠nbpw hnhmlØn¬ G¿s∏Sp∂p. AtXmS\p_ ‘n®v \SØp∂ NSßmWv ]Xnaq∂masØ {Inbbmb hnhmlkwkvImcw. thZhn[n{] Imcw Krlÿm{ianIƒ Znhkhpw ]©alm b⁄߃ \n¿_‘ambpw A\pjvTnt°≠ Xp≠v. {_“b⁄w (k‘ymhµ\w), tZhb⁄w (A·ntlm{Xw), ]nXrb⁄w, AXnYn b⁄w, _ensshiztZhb⁄w (`qX b⁄w) F∂nhbmWv ]©almb ⁄߃. ]©almb⁄ßfnse _enssh iztZh b⁄w PohPme߃°pth≠nbmWv \SØp∂Xv . Cuizc\pw tZhXIƒ°pw, ]nXr°ƒ°pw, KpcpP\߃°pw H∏w t{ijvTÿm\w \¬In PohPme߃°p th ≠nbpw Znhkhpw b⁄w \SØp∂p. kIe PohPmeßfnepw ssZhoIX Z¿in°p∂ al Ømb ]mcnÿnXnI ImgvN∏mS√msX as‰m ∂pa√ CXv. Krlÿm{iaw kvXpXy¿lambn ]q¿Øn bm°nbtijw ASpØ h¿Æm{iaamb hm\ {]ÿØnte°v {]thin°p∂p. CtXmS\p _‘n®v hm\{]ÿ kwkv°mchpw \SØp ∂p. `h\w Dt]£n°p∂ hm\{]ÿ kwkv °mchpw \SØp∂p. `h\w Dt]£n°p∂ hm\{]ÿn {KmaßtfmSp tN¿∂p≈ h\ÿ enIfnte°v Xmakw am‰n thZmZyb\Ønepw [ym\Ønepw Cuiztcm]mk\bnepw apgpIp ∂p. t]cn¬ \n∂p Xs∂ hy‡amWv, ]q¿W ambpw {]IrXntbmSnWßnb PohnXamWv hm\{]ÿØnteXv . Krlÿm{iaØn¬ B{Kl ]q¿ØoIcWØnepw t\´ßƒ°p amWv {]m[m\yw sImSpØncp∂sX¶n¬ hm\ {]ÿØnepw XpS¿∂p hcp∂ kw\ymkm {iaØnepw Krlÿm{iaImeØv kzmbØ am°nbsX√mw ]q¿Wa\t msS XyPn°p∂ [m¿ΩnIamb D∑mhÿbmWv Z¿in°m\m hpI. ]Xn\mdmatØXpw HSphnetØXpamb kwkvImc{InbbmWv At¥yjvSn. AXn\∏pdw C\n as‰m∂n√. {]IrXnbnse ]©`qXßfn¬ \n∂v D¤qXamb icocw ]©`qXßfnte°v Xs∂ aSßp∂p. 64 aqeI߃ (aqe XXz ߃) sIm≠p≠m°nb icocw 64 aqeIß fmbn aqe{]IrXnbnte°v Xncn®pt]mIWw. "`kvam¥w icocw' F∂ bPp¿thZhmIysØ ASnÿm\am°nbmWv At¥yjv S n kwkv Imcw \SØn icocw Zln∏n°p∂Xv. (Ahkm\n®p)

]men°p∂Xpt]mse Rm\pw BbnØocs´. AØcØnep≈ {hXw ]men°m≥ Rm≥ ka¿∞\mbnØocs´. Aßs\bp≈ Rm≥ AkXyØn¬ \n∂pw kXyØnte°v t]mIpamdmIs´. Cuizc≥ Fßns\bmWv {hXw ]men°p ∂sX∂v F\n°v tKmNca√. Cuizcs‚ hn`qXnIƒ Fßns\bmWv {hXw ]men°p∂ sX∂v I≠n´mWv Rm≥ ]Tn°p∂Xv. A·n Hcn°epw {hXw sX‰n°mØXmWv . A·n Ft∏mgpw {]Imin°p∂p. A·n Ft∏mƒ {]Imin®pthm AhnsS {]Imihpw NqSpw D≠v. A·n {hXw sX‰n°p∂n√. PohZmXmhmb hmbphpw {hXw sX‰n°p∂n√. kqcy≥ {]Imi hpw Pothm¿÷hpw {]Zm\w sNøp∂p. {hXw sX‰n°p∂n√. Ghscbpw kt¥mjNnØcm °p∂Xv N{µ\mWv . Hmj[nIƒ°v i‡n \¬Ip∂Xpw N{µ\mWv. {hXw sX‰n°p∂n√. Aßs\bp≈ {]IrXn I≠n´mWv Rm≥Fs‚ {hXw Fßs\ ]men°Wsa∂v ]Tn°p∂Xv. Cuizc hn`qXnbmb {]IrXn Fßs\bmWv {hXw ]men°p∂Xv F∂p I≠p]Tn®n´p≈ Hcmƒ°pw {]IrXnbpsS {hXw sX‰n°p∂,

lncWy

27 27

sabv 09


imkv{Xhpw kwkvImchpw˛3

K¿`m-[m\ kwkv°m-c-Øns‚ imkv{Xo-bm-Sn-ÿm\w

]co-£-W-ß-fn¬ kml-Ncyw \nb-{¥nX cq]Ønepw ]mc-ºcyw amdn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ cq]-Ønep-am-Wp-≈X - v. AØcw kw`-hß - f - n¬ am\-knI hnImkw Fß-s\-bm-bn-cn°pw? kml-Ncyw H∂m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ hyXy-kvXX ]pe¿Øp- I bpw sNøp- t ºmƒ Ip™ns‚ hnImkw hyXym-k-s∏-´n-cn-°pw. hf¿Øp a°fn¬ C°mcyw ]co-£n-®n-´p-≠v. _¿°kv F∂ h\n-Xbpw {^oam\pw AØcw ]co-£-W-߃ \S-Øn-bn-´p-≈-h-cm-Wv.

BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjv kn) hyXykv X ]mc- º - c y- a p≈ Ip´n- I ƒ kam\ kml-N-cy-Øn¬ taev]-d™ c≠p ]co-£-W-ßfpw kqNn∏n-°p-∂Xv ]mc-ºcyw F∂ LS-IØ - ns‚ \nb{¥n-Xm-h-ÿ-bm-Wv. kml-N-cy-Øn-s‚bpw ]mcº-cy-Øn-s‚bpw kzm[o\w hy‡-am-I-W-sa¶n¬ Chsb kq£n®p ]Tn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. Nne lncWy

28

sabv 09


c≠p-t]cpw ]c-kv]cw hyXym-k-s∏-´n-cn-°pw. Ahsc hyXykvX kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ hf¿Ønbmepw Ah¿ XΩn¬ ]e-Xnepw kmay-ap-≠mhpw. hnhn[ ]mc-ºc - y-ßf - n¬ \n∂p hcp∂ Ip´nIsf Htc hf¿Øp tI{µ-Øn¬ hf-cm≥ A\ph-Zn-®m¬ _¿°-kns‚ A`n-{]m-b-Øn¬ c£nXm-°-fpsS kz`m-h-Øn¬ \n∂v henb am‰-sam∂p-ap-≠m-hp-∂n-√. F∂m¬ {^oams‚ A`n-{]mb- Ø n¬ kml- N - c y- a - \ p- k - c n®v Ah- c psS {]IrXw amdp- I bpw sNøp- ∂ p. C°m- c y- ß sf√mw a\-   n¬ sh®p sIm≠mWv ]mcºcytam kml-N-cytam IqSp-X¬ kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-∂-sX∂ hmZ-{]-Xn-hm-Z-Øn¬ \n∂v a\:imkv{X-⁄¿ ]n≥hm-ßn-b-Xv. HSp-hn¬ Ah¿ FØn-t®¿∂ \nK-a\w ]mc-ºcyhpw kml-N-cyhpw Hcp inip-hns‚ hf¿®-bnepw hnIm-k-Ønepw Hcp t]mse ]¶p-h-ln-°m≥ ]cym-]vX-amWv F∂m-bn-cp-∂p. \ap°v kml-Ncyw am‰n-s°m≠v Hcp hy‡nsb IqSp-X¬ anI®-h-\m-°mw. ]mc-º-cy-Øns‚ Nc-Sn¬ Ab-hph-cp-Øp-I-bp-am-hmw. CXv kml-Ncy kn≤m-¥°m¿°v \∂mbn Adn-bmw. Hcp hy‡nsb kwkv°m-c-Øns‚ hwiob ]mc-º-cy-Øn¬ IpSp-°n-bn-Sm-\m-hn√ F∂ hkvXpX ]mc-º-cy kn≤m-¥° - m¿°pw \∂mbn Adn-bm-hp-∂X - m-Wv. kwkv°m-c-sØ-∏‰n ]d-bp-tºmƒ ]mc-ºcy-sØbpw kml-N-cy-sØbpw Ipdn®v C{Xbpw hni-Z-ambn {]Xn-]m-Zn-°m≥ Imc-W-sa-¥mWv? ]mc-º-cy-sa∂ t{]Xw \Ωp-sS-sb√mw a\- n¬ A{X-tbsd Ib-dn-°q-Sn-b-Xn-\m-emWv Cßs\ sNtø≠n h∂- X v . AXv Hgn- b m- _ m- [ - b mbn \sΩ ]n¥p-S-cp-∂p. \mw hniz-kn-°p-∂Xv Cu temI- Ø n¬ \ne- \ n¬°p∂ F√m- ‰ n\pw ImcWw ]mc-º-cy-am-sW-∂m-Wv. kwkv°mc {]{Inb C°mcyw hni-Z-am-°p-∂Xv as‰mcp ho£W tImWn-eq-sS-bm-Wv. amXm-]n-Xm-°f - n¬ \n∂v ]I¿∂p In´p∂ kwkv°mcw i‡-amWv . AXn- s \mcp kwi- b - h p- a n- √ . F∂m¬ ]pXnb kwkvIm-c-߃°v ]g-b-Xns\ am‰m≥ Ignbpw. ]gb a\p-jys\ ]pXnb a\p-jy-\m°n hnI-kn∏ns®Sp-°m-\m-hpw. B[p-\nI a\:imkv { X- ⁄ - ∑ mcpsS \ne- ] mSpw AXp Xs∂. Bbn-c-°-W-°n\p h¿j-߃°p apºv sshZnI kwkv°mcw a\p- j ys\ am‰nØo¿°m≥ th≠n hn`m-h\w sNbvX-XmWv "tjmUi kwkv°mcw'. "K¿`m-[m\w' apX-emWv tjmUi kwkv°mcw XpS-ßp-∂-Xv. Poh≥ \¬Im-\p≈ {]{In-bb - n¬ A\n-hm-cy-amWv K¿`m[m-\w. Hcp A\p-jvTm-\-Øns‚ cq]-Øn-ep≈ sshZnI Bi-b-am-Wn-Xv. _rl-Zm-c-Wy-tIm-]-\n-j-Øn¬ K¿`m-[m\ kwkv°m-c-sØ-°p-dn®v {]Xn-]m-Zn-°p-∂p-≠v. amIv k v a p- ≈ ¿ Cu D]- \ n- j Øv `mjm- ¥ cw sNbvX-t∏mƒ Cu `mKw k`y-a-s√∂p ]d-bpIbpw Cw•o-jn\p ]Icw em‰n≥ `mj-bn-te°v hnh¿Ø\w \S- Ø p- I bpw sNbv X p. AXp sIm≠v Xs∂ km[mcW hmb-\-°m¿ B `mKw hn´p-I-f-bp-∂p. F∂m¬ Ejn-am¿ C°m cyw hni-Zo-I-cn-®Xv Hcp ]pXnb a\p-jys\

_¿°-kns‚ ]co-£-W-߃ Hcp inip hf¿Øp tI{µ-amWv _¿°kv ]co-£-W-Øn-\mbn Xnc-s™-Sp-Ø-Xv. AXp hgn a\- n-em-°m-\m-bXv 80 iX-am\w Ip´nIƒ°pw ]mc-º-cy-Øns‚ kzm[o-\-ap-s≠-∂mWv. kml-N-cy-Øns‚ kzm[o\w 17 apX¬ 20 iX-am-\w-h-sc-bpw. AXp IqSmsX _¿°kv A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂Xv CØcw tI{µß-fn¬ hfcp∂ Ip´n-I-fpsS _p≤n-i‡n (sF.-Iyp) 20 t]mbn‚p-hsc h¿[n-°p-∂p-s≠∂pw G‰hpw tami-amb kml-N-cy-Øn¬ AXv 20 t]mbn‚phsc Xmgm-sa∂pw IqSn-bm-Wv. kml-N-cy-ßfpsS kzm[o\w CXn-\-∏pdw H∂p-an-√. ]co-£W-ß-fpsS ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Ah¿ ÿm]n-°p∂Xv ]mc-º-cy-Øns‚ i‡-amb kzm[o-\-amWv. {^oams‚ ]co-£-W-߃ inip hf¿Øp t{Iµ- ß - f n¬ hfsc t\csØ {]th-in-∏n-°p∂ Ip´n-Iƒ°v ]n∂oSv hcp-∂-h-sc-°mƒ hnIm-k-ap-≠m-Ip-sa-∂mWv {^oams‚ \nco-£W - w. tami-s∏´ tI{µ-ßf - n¬ hf-cp∂ Ip´n-I-sf-°mƒ \√ hf¿®bpw hnImk-hp-ap-≠m-Ip-∂Xv anI® tI{µ-ß-fn¬ {]thin-°-s∏´ Ip´n-Iƒ°m-Wv. Atbmh bqWn-th-gvkn‰n \nb-am-\p-kr-Xambn 150 Ip´n-I-fn¬ ]co-£Ww \S-Øn. Cu Ip´n-Isf Bdp-amkw {]mb-ap-≈-t∏mƒ inip hf¿Øp tI{µ-ß-fn¬ {]th-in-∏n-®p. Ch-cpsS _p≤n-i‡n IrXy-k-a-b-ß-fn¬ ]cn-tim-[n-°pIbpw am\-knI hnImkw Ah-cpsS c£n-Xm°-fp-ambn Xmcflyw sNbvXv \nco-£n-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. Cu ]co-£-W-Øn¬ \n∂pw a\- nem- b Xv am\- k nI hf¿®- b n¬ Imcy- a mb kzm[o\w sNep-Øn-bXv kml-N-cy-ß-fm-sW∂m-bn-cp-∂p. c£n-Xm-°-fpsS ]mc-ºcy kn≤amb kzm[o-\s - Ø-°mƒ kml-Ncyw KWy-amb kzm[o\w sNep-Øp∂p F∂m-Wn-Xn-\¿∞w. bqWn-th-gvkn‰n \S-Ønb ]T-\-ß-fn¬ Zp¿_e-amb lrZ-b-cmb AΩ-am¿°v P\n® 16 Ip´nI-fn¬ sF.Iyp 71 Bbn-cp∂p Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. F∂m¬ Chsc inip hf¿Øp tI{µ-Øn¬ c≠p h¿jw Xma-kn-∏n® tijw ]cn-tim-[n-®t∏mƒ sF.Iyp. 116 Bbn Db¿∂-Xmbn I≠p. 4. ]mc-º-cyhpw kml-N-cyhpw XΩn-ep≈ s]mcpØw Hcmƒ°v kz¥w amXm-]n-Xm-°-fn¬ \n∂v ]I¿∂p In´nb ASn-ÿm\ kz`mhw kml-Ncy-߃ aqew amdn-s√∂v ]mc-ºcy kn≤m-¥°m¿ ]d-bp-∂p. F∂m¬ Hcp Ip´nsb CXc kml-N-cy-Øn¬ hf-cm≥ A\p-h-Zn-®m¬ {]IS-amb am‰-ap-≠m-Ip-sa∂v kml-Ncy kn≤m-¥°mcpw ]d-bp-∂p. AXm-bXv ]mc-ºcy kn≤m¥- ° m- c psS ho£Ww Aip- ` m- ] v X n- I - c hpw kml-Ncy kn≤m-¥-°m-cpsS ho£Ww ip`m]vXn-I-chpw BsW-∂¿∞w. Cc-´-°p-´n-Isf Htc kml-N-cy-Øn¬ hf¿Øn-bmepw Ah¿ lncWy

29

sabv 09


AXns\ hnfn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv. Cu L´-Øn¬ ico-chpw a\ pw ]cn-]-Iz-am-bn-cn-°pw. ssiihm-h-ÿ-bn¬ D≠m-Ip∂ K¿`w k¥-Xn-bn-√mbvabvt°m hfsc Zp¿_-ea - mb k¥-Xnt°m CSh-cp-Øpw. buh-\m-cw-`-Øn-ep≈ K¿`-[m-cWw aqe-ap-≠m-Ip∂ k¥-Xn°v imco-cn-I-ambn Ipg∏-ap-≠m-bn-s√-¶nepw am\-kn-I-ambn th≠{X hnImkw D≠m-hp-Ib - n-√. \∂mbn {]mb-]q¿Ønbm¿÷n®v ]IzX t\Sn- b - h ¿°v ]nd- ° p∂ k¥Xn F¥p-sIm≠pw Btcm-Ky-hm-\m-bn-cn°pw. CXns\ hni-Zo-I-cn®p sIm≠v ]d-bp-∂Xv C{]-Im-ca - m-Wv.

krjvSn-°m-\p≈ A\p-jvTm\ {Inb F∂ \nebv°m-bn-cp-∂p. a\pjyhwi-Øns‚ ]p\-cp-∞m\-amWv Ah¿ e£y-am-°n-b-Xv. 5. kwkv°mc hn[n {]Im-c-ap≈ {][m\ Imcy-߃ kwkv°mc hn[n {]Im-c-ap≈ K¿`m-[m\w hnh-cn-°p∂ thf-bn¬ Ejn Zbm-\µ≥ Nne LS-I-߃°v Du∂¬ \¬Ip-I-bp-≠m-bn. (1) {]mbw (2) EXp ˛t£{Xw ˛Aw_p ˛ _oPw (3) B¨-˛-s]¨ P\\w (4) A\p-jvTm\ {InbbpsS {]m[m\yw F∂n-h-bm-WnXv. Ch \ment\bpw Ipdn®v hni-Zo-I-cn°mw. 1. K¿`m-[m-\-Øn\v DNn-X-amb kabw hnhm-lhpw K¿`m-[m-\hpw ]c-kv]c _‘nX-am-Wv. GXm≠v K¿`w [cn-°m≥ DNn-X-amb {]mbw? GXm≠v icn-bmb hnhml {]mbw

kpK-‘-an-√mØ ]qsam-´v, AXv hnS-cp-tºmƒ am{X-amWv kpK-‘-ap-≠m-hp-∂-Xv. AXp-t]mse ssii-h-Øn¬ _oP-an-√m-Xn-cn-°p-Ibpw {]mbam-Ip-tºmƒ AXv {]Xy£s∏Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Zo¿Lmbp v Imw£n°p-∂h - ¿ 16 hb- n\p Xmsg-bp-≈-hcpw 70 hb- n\p apI-fn-ep-≈-h-cp-

""amXm-]n-Xm-°-fn¬ \n∂v ]I¿∂p In´p∂ kwkv°mcw i‡-am-Wv. AXn-s\mcp kwi-b-hp-an-√. F∂m¬ ]pXnb kwkvIm-c-߃°v ]g-b-Xns\ am‰m≥ Ignbpw. ]gb a\p-jys\ ]pXnb a\p-jy-\m°n hnI-kn∏ns®Sp-°m-\m-hpw. B[p-\nI a\:imkv{X-⁄∑ - mcpsS \ne-]mSpw AXp Xs∂. Bbn-c° - W - ° - n\p h¿j-߃°p apºv sshZnI kwkv°mcw a\p-jys\ am‰n-Øo¿°m≥ th≠n hn`m-h\w sNbvXXmWv "tjmUi kwkv°mcw.''

amb kv{Xn P\-ß-tfmSv imco-cn-I-ambn _‘s∏-Sm≥ ]mSn-√. ssii-h-Øn¬ icoc-Øn¬ AXym-hiy LS-I-߃ H∂p-ap-≠m-hn-√. kqcyXm-]-Øm¬ h‰n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ Bg-an-√mØ Ipfw t]mse-bm-W-Xv. AXp-t]mse 70 hb p Ign™ kv{XnIƒ DWßn hogm≥ ]mI-Ønep≈ acw t]mse-bm-Wv. sNdp-Xm-sbm∂p X≈n-bm¬ AXp adn-™p-ho-gpw. Aß-s\-bp≈-h-cp-ambn _‘-s∏-Sp∂ ]pcp-j\pw \in°pw. AXn-\m¬ K¿`-[m-c-W-Øn-\mbn ]q¿hn-I¿ ]pcp-j\p \n›-bn® {]mbw Ipd-™Xv 25 hb pw kv{Xnbv°v Ipd-™Xv 16 hb- p-amWv. Ejn Zbm-\µ≥ At±-lØ - ns‚ "kwkv°mc-hn[n'bn¬ "kp{ipX kq{X-ÿm\'Øn¬ \n∂v C°mcyw DZm-l-cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p.

F∂-dn-™mte CXn\p adp-]Sn ]d-bm-\m-hq. hnhmlw aq∂p Xc-Øn-em-Wp-≈-Xv. ssiih hnhm-lw, buh-\m-cw-`-Ønse hnhm-lw, {]mb]q¿Øn-sb-Øp-∂-Xn\p apºp≈ hnhm-l-amWv ssiih hnhm-lw. F¥mWv {]mb-]q¿Øn? Hcp B¨Ip-´n-bn¬ _oPw D≠m-hp-Ibpw k¥mt\m-ev]m-Z-\-Øn\v {]m]vX-\m-hp-Ibpw sNøp∂ ImeØv Ah≥ {]mb-]q¿Øn-bmbn F∂p ]dbmw. s]¨Ip´n {]mb- ] q¿Øn- b m- h p- ∂ Xv Ahƒ°v amk-apd (B¿Ø-hw) Bcw-`n-°p-tºmgm-Wv. AXn-\m¬ ssiih hnhm-l-Øn¬ Pohim-kv{X-]c - a - m-bn-t∏mepw K¿`-[m-cWw Akm-[yam-Wv. K¿`m-[m-c-W-Øn\p Ign-bp∂ Ah-ÿbmWv Poh-im-kv{X-]-c-ambn ]d-™m¬ {]mb]q¿Øn. AXns\ Poh-im-kv{X-]-c-amb {]mbw F∂pw hnti-jn-∏n-°mw. AXm-bXv Hcp Ip´nbpsS bYm¿∞ {]mb-a√ Poh-im-kv{X-]-c-amb {]mbw. kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j\pw {]mb-]q¿Øn-bmbXp sIm≠pw am{X-am-bn-√. Ah¿°v imco-cnI-amb hnImkw IqSn-bp-≠m-bmte icn-bmb hwi h¿[-\-bv°p≈ ka-b-am-Iq. Ah¿°v th≠{X ]Iz-X-bn-s√-¶n¬ hnhmlw Ign-°p-∂Xn¬ A¿∞-an-√. {]mb-]q¿Øn Xs∂-bmWv Poh-im-kv{X-]-camb {]mbw. B {]mb-Øn¬ ico-chpw a\ pw Bh-iy-amb ]Iz-X-bn-se-Ø-W-sa-∂n-√. icochpw _p≤nbpw kºq¿Æ-ambpw ]Iz-X-bn-seØp-∂-XmWv bYm¿∞ {]mb-]q¿Øn. Poh-imkv{X-]c - hpw kmwkv°m-cn-Ih - p-amb {]mbw F∂v lncWy

kp{ip-X≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv hnhm-lØ - n\pw K¿`[m-cW - Ø - n\pw ]pcp-j\v Ipd-™Xv 25 hb pw kv{Xobv°v Ipd-™Xv 16 hb pw thW-sa-∂mWv. Cu {]mb-Øn\p apºv K¿`-[m-cWw \S∂m¬ Ip™v \in®pt]mhp-Itbm Btcm-Kyan- √ msX Pohn- ° m- \ nS hcn- I tbm sNøpw. CXn¬ \n∂v Hcp Imcyw hy‡-am-Wv. amXm-]nXm- ° - f psS imco- c n- I hpw am\- k n- I - h p- a mb kz`mh hnti-j-߃ k¥-Xn-bpsS kz`m-hØn\pw Imc-W-ambn `hn-°pw. amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ imco-cn-Ihpw am\-kn-I-hp-ambn A]-Iz-sc-¶n¬ k¥-Xn°pw A]-IzX kw`-hn-°pw. (XpScpw) 30

sabv 09


a-°f- p-sS ssI-sIm-≠v ]mepw ]-ghpw cm-aN - {- µ-≥ tch-Xo Z-ºX - n-Iƒ-°v B-tLm-jw ]p-Ø\ - \ - p`-hw Po

-hn-Xw B-tLm-j-am-°m-\mWv Cu-iz-co-b-hm-Wnbm-b th-Z-ß-ƒ ]-dbp-∂Xv. [-¿-a A-\p-Iq-eam-b B-N-c-W-ß-ƒ k-t¥m-jhpw kp-Jhpw B-\-µhpw t\-Sp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ ]-≤-Xn-I-f-s{X. Po-hn-X-Ønse Hm-tcmtcm A-hkchpw A-tLm-jn-°m\pw B-\-µn-°m-\p-ap-≈-Xm-Wv F∂ ssh-ZnI-ho£-Ww h-®p-]p-e-¿-Øp-∂ sI.hn.B-¿.F-^n-s‚ kPo-h {]-h-¿-ØIcm-b Z-º-Xn-am-¿ cm-a-N-{µ\pw `m-cy tc-h-Xnbpw X-ß-fp-sS 21ma-Xv hnhm-l-hm-¿jn-Iw hn-]p-e-am-bn B-tLm-jn®p. ]-ckv]-cw am-e-I-ƒ Nm-¿-Øn-b-t∏m-ƒ, Rm-≥ 21 h¿-jw ap-≥-]sØ \n-an-j-sØ-°p-dn-®v k-t¥m-j-tØmsS Hm-¿-Ωn-s®-∂v cm-a-N-{µ-≥ ]-d-™p. a-°-fp-sSbpw Ip-Spw-_-°m-cp-sSbpw kp-lr-Øp-°-fp-sSbpw ap-≥-]n-¬-sh®v c-≠m-a-sXm-cp hn-hm-lw I-gn-® {]-Xo-Xn-bm-Wv D-≠mb-Xv F-∂v A-ev]w \m-W-tØm-sS tc-h-Xnbpw ]-d™p. Zm-º-Xy_-‘w Iq-Sp-X-¬ ZrVhpw B-\-µ-{]-Zhpw sF-iz-cy-]q-¿-W-hp-am-Ip-∂-Xn-\p-≈ b-⁄-tØmsSm-∏-am-bn-cp-∂p hm-¿-jnIm-tLmjw. hn-hm-l-Øn-se-∂-t]m-se lr-Z-bØn-¬ ssI-sh-®v `m-cy-`-¿-Øm-°-≥-am-¿ {]-Xn-⁄m-a{¥w sNm-√n-s°m≠v th-Z-hm-Wn-bp-sS Po-hn-°p-∂ am-Xr-I-bmbn. A-—-s‚bpw A-Ω-bp-sSbpw hn-hm-l-Øn-¬ ]-s¶-Sp-°m-≥ I-gn-bmXn-cp-∂ Zpx-Jw C-t∏m-ƒ am-dn-sb-∂m-Wv B-tLm-j N-S-ßp-Iƒ-°v t\XrXzw h-ln-® A-h-cp-sS a-°-ƒ A-ev-]w X-am-i-tbm-sS ]d-™Xv. shdpsam-cp tlm-aw am-{X-amhpw F-∂p I-cp-Xn-bm-Wv h-∂Xv. ]-t£ C-Xn{Xbpw hen-b H-cp B-tLm-j-am-sW-∂p I-cp-Xn-b-√ F-∂p _-‘p°-ƒ. F√mw I-gn-™v Z-º-Xn-I-ƒ Xo-cp-am-\-sa-SpØp, A-Sp-Ø hn-hm-l-hm-¿jn-Iw C-Xnepw hen-b B-tLm-j-am-bn \-S-Øpw. 

lncWy

31

sabv 09


sshZnI P∑Zn\mtLmjw P∑Zn-\w G-h-¿°pw {]n-b-s∏-´-XmWv; A-s√¶n-¬ A-ß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°Ww. P-∑-\m-ƒ B-

thZm-\µ - n-s‚ t]-cn-S¬ Xr-°≠ - n-bq-cn-¬ hn-kav b - w hnX-dn a-ebm-f `m-jm-]n-Xmhm-b Xp-©-sØ-gp-Ø-—-s‚ \m-´n-¬ \q-‰m-≠p-I-ƒ-°p-ti-jw B-Zy-am-bn, H-cp Ip-´n-bp-sS t]-cn-S-¬ I-¿-aam-b \m-aI-c-W kw-kv-°m-cw E-jn-am-¿ Nn-´-s∏-SpØn-b co-Xn-bn-¬ \-S∂p. Xn-cq-¿, Xr-°-≠-nbq-cn-se A-cp-¨ {]-`m-I-c≥ Zn-hy Z-º-Xn-am-cp-sS ]p-{X-\mWv Cu `mKyw kn-≤n-®Xv. sabv aq-∂n-\v Rm-b-dmgv-N a-e-∏p-dw Pn-√-bn-se Xn-cq-cn-¬, A-cp-¨ {]-`m-Ic-s‚ X-d-hm-´n-¬ sh-®m-bn-cp-∂p kw-kv-°m-c-I¿-Ωw \-S∂Xv. A-¿∞-t_m-[-I-am-bn-cn-°-Ww, tI-ƒ-°m-≥ kp-J-ap-≠mbn-cn°-Ww E-jn-]-cº-c-tbm-Sp-≈ B-Zc-hv {]-I-S-am-Ip-∂-Xm-bncn°-Ww F-s∂-√m-ap-≈ Nn-¥-I-ƒ t]-cn-S-en-¬ B-Zy-Ime-Øv `m-c-X-Øn-¬ \n-e-hn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. Po-hn-Xw b-⁄ab-am-bncn°-Ww F-∂ th-Z-ho£-Ww A-\p-k-cn-®p-Iq-Sn-bm-Wv E-jnam-¿ kw-kv-°m-c-{In-b-Iƒ-°v cq-]w \-¬-In-bXv. Imiy-] th-Zm dn-k¿-®v ^u-t≠-j-≥ Ip-e]-Xn a-lm-flm Fw.B-¿. cm-tPjpw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Ip-Spw-_hpw ap-Jym-XnYn-I-fm-bn-cp-∂ \m-aI-c-W kw-kv-°m-c-Øn-¬ cm-P-≥ _m-ep-t»cn-bm-bn-cp-∂p ap-Jy ]p-tcm-lnX-≥. sI.hn.B-¿.F-^n-s‚ ]m-Tim-e-bn-se ]-Tn-Xm-°fpw b-⁄-Øn-¬ ]-¶p-tN-¿∂p. \n-ch-[n I-Wv-T-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v th-Z-a-{¥-ß-ƒ Hcp-t]m-se D-b-¿-∂ th-ZnlncWy

32

sabv 09

tLm-jn-°m-\p-ap-≈-XmWv, A-Xv B-tLmjn-° X-s∂ th-Ww F-∂-Xm-Wv sshZnI Im-gv-N-∏mSv. Ip-´n-°meØv Hm-Øp ]-Tn®-Xn-\p-ti-jw ]n-∂o-Sn-tßm-´v A-Xv {]-tbmKn-®n-´n-√m-Ø ]p-Xn-bn√-Øv kp-{_-“-Wy≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-bp-sS 63˛mw ]n-d-∂m-ƒ b⁄w \S-Øn hn-]p-e-am-bn B-tLm-jn®p. 50˛55 h¿-jw ap≥-]v ]-Tn-® ]-e a-{¥ßfpw ]p-tcm-ln-X≥ sNm√n-b am-{X-bn¬ Hm-¿-a h-∂p F∂-Xv kp-{_-“-Wy-≥ \ºq-Xn-cn-°v hn-kv-a-b-ambn. Imiy-] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^u-t≠-j-s‚ Ip-e]-Xn B-Nmcy Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jn-s‚ ]n-Xm-hp Iq-Snbm-Wv kp-{_-“-Wy-≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn. N-S-ßn\v \n-ch-[n kp-lr-Øp-°fpw _-‘p-°fpw  ]-¶p-tN-¿∂p. bn-¬ sh-®v Ip-´n-bp-sS ]n-Xm-hv aI-s‚ {]mW-s\ kv-]-¿-in®p-sIm≠v Cu-izcs\ km-£n-bm-bn t]-cv \¬-In th-Zm\-µv (Cu-iz-c-\nepw th-Z-Ønepw A-dnhnepw B-\-µn-°p-∂h-≥) N-S-ßn-\p-tijw B-Nm-cy Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jn-s‚ Hcp sN-dp `m-j-Whpw D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. C{Xbpw `m-h-\m-]q-¿-Wam-b H-cp t]-cn-S¬ NS-ßv Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ B-Zy-am-bm-Wv Im-Wp∂-Xv F-∂v ]-s¶-Sp-Ø _-‘p°fpw \m-´p-Imcpw A-`n-{]m-b-s∏´p. 


almcmjv{S-bn-¬ s]¨-Ip-´n-°v ]q-Wq-¬[ - mc-Ww a

-lm-cm-{„-bn-se Xm-s\-bn-¬ H-cp ]n-Xm-hv Xs‚ a-I-fp-sS D-]\-b-\ kw-kv-°m-cw \-SØn, ]q-Wq-¬ [-cn-∏n®p. \n-ch-[n Im-e-ß-fm-bn ]ecpw a-d∂p-t]m-bn-cp∂ sshZn-I kw-kv-°m-cØn-s\ Xn-cn®p-sIm-≠p-h∂p. ]q-Wq-¬ [-cnt°≠-Xv B-Wp-ß-fm-Wv F-∂ A-‘-hn-izmk-sØ-bm-Wv A-tam-Zv tI-Xv-I-¿ F-∂ ]n-Xm-hv tNmZyw sN-bv-XXv. apwss_ ssl-t°m-S-Xnbn-se D-tZym-K-ÿ\m-b tI-Xv-I-¿ ]-d™-Xv "Rm-≥ ]p-Xn-b-Xm-bn H∂pw sN-bv-Xn-´n-√, C-Xv \n-ch-[n X-e-ap-d-I-fm-bn F-s‚ Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬ \-S-∂p-h-cp-∂ N-S-ßm-Wv.' F-∂m-Wv. \m- W - ° m- c nbm- b F- ´ p- h - b -   p- I m- c n tk-P¬ A-tam-Zv tIXv-I¿ s_-tU-°-¿ hn-Zyma-µn-¿ kv-Iq-fn-se aq∂mw ¢m-kv hn-Zym-¿-∞n-\nbmWv. H-cp a-Wn-°q-¿ \o-≠p \n-∂ D-]\-b-\ kw-kv-°m-c-Øn-\n-S-bn-¬ A-hƒ-°v Km-b{Xn a{¥hpw D-]-tZ-in-®p sIm-SpØp. I-gn-™ H-∂p c-≠v B-gv-N-I-fmbn, A-h-fp-sS apØ»n Cu hn-j-b-ß-fn-¬ A-hƒ-°v ]-cn-ioe-\w sImSpØp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p.'' F-∂v A-Ω A-kv-anX. ""NS-ßv C-{X-bv°pw \-∂m-bn \-S-°psa-∂v ap-≥-Iq-´n A-dn-bp-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶n-¬, Rm≥ Iq-Sp-X-¬ t]-sc N-S-ßn-\v hn-fn-°p-am-bncp∂p.'' A-Ω Iq-´n-t®-¿Øp. Ip-d-®p-t]-¿ am-{Xsa N-S-ßn-\v D-≠m-Im-≥ ]m-Sq F-∂v a-I-fp-sS \n-¿-_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂-s{X. ""Rm-≥ bm-Ym-ÿn-Xn-I\m-b H-cp {_m-“-

W-\mWv. D-]-\b-\w F∂-Xv k-\m-X\ - [-¿Ω - Ø - n-se 16 kwkv° - m-cß - f - n-¬ H-∂mWv. a-{¥ß-ƒ a-\- n-s\ G-Im-{K-am°m\pw hn-Zym-`ym-k ]p-tcm-KXn°pw Po-hn-X-hn-P-b-Øn\pw ss[-jWn-I Po-hn-X-Øn\pw G-‰hpw D-]-Im-c-hp-amWv. aIs\ D-]-\-bn-®Xp-t]m-se a-Iƒ°pw Km-b{Xn a-{¥-Øn-s‚ i-‡n e-`n-°m-≥ th-≠n-bm-Wv D-]-\b-\w \-S-Øn-bXv.'' A-—≥ ]-d™p: ""C-Xn-\p-th-≠n R-ß-ƒ H-cp-]m-Sv I-„-s∏´p. B-Wp-ßfm-b H-cp ]p-tcm-lnX\pw C-Xn-\v X-øm-dm-bn-√. Xms\-bn-¬ \n-∂v Rm-≥ ]q-\ hsc t]mbn, F-∂n´pw ^-ew I≠n-√. H-Sp-hn-¬ R-ß-fp-sS \m-´n-¬ \n-∂p X-s∂-bp-≈ ]ptcm- l n- X bmb ssh- i m- e n Imse, N- S - ß n- \ p ]u- t cmlnXyw h-ln-°m-sa-∂p k-ΩXn®p.'' A-Ω A-kvan-X ]-d™p. ""D-]-\nj-Zv Im-e-L-´-Øn¬ Po-hn-®n-cp-∂ Km-¿-Knbpw ssa-t{X-bn-tbbpw t]m-ep-≈h-¿ D-]-\-b-\-kw-kv-°m-cw \S-Øn-b-h-cm-bn-cp∂p. B kph-¿-W-bp-Kw A-h-km-\n-®-t∏mgmWv, C-sXm-cp {]-tXy-I enwK-Øn-t‚bpw Pm-Xn-bp-tSbpsam-s° B-bn am-dn-bXv. AXv {I-aam-b H-cp X-I-¿-®-bm-bncp∂p.'' ]p-tcm-ln-Xbmb sshim-en Im-se ]-d™p. tk- P - e n- s ‚ A- — \m- b A-tam-Zv C-t∏m-ƒ "lmco-X kvar-Xn'bp-sS H-cp {]-Xn In-´m-\p≈ {i-aØ - n-emWv. A-Xn-¬ s]¨-Ip-´n-I-fp-sS D-]-\b-\w \S-tØ-≠-Xn-s\∏-‰n ]-d-bp-∂p≠-s{X. 

lncWy

33

sabv 09


]pkvX-I-]cn-Nbw ]pkvX-I-]cn-Nbw

thZ⁄m\Øns‚ tKm]pc\Sbn¬ \njnØvcmPv ssh-Zn-I-kº-Øv ˛ ]-fin-‰v c-Lp-\-µ-≥ i¿-Ω, hn-h-¿-Ø-\w ˛ Io-gm-s\-√q-¿ ]-c-ta-iz-c-≥ \-ºq-Xncn, thmfyw H∂v & c≠v, t]Pv 1332, hne: 500 cq] hnXcWw: ]©mwKw _p°vkv‰mƒ, IpµwIpfw

kn-≤m-¥-Iu-apZn B-b {K-Ÿ-ß-ƒ b-ap-\-bn-¬ If-™v Xn-cn-®v hcq, \-ap-°v ]-T-\-sØ-°p-dn-®v B-tem-Nn-°mw.'' F-∂v Kpcp. bp-h-k-\ym-kn ]d-™-Xp-{]-Im-cw X-s∂ sN-bv-Xv Kp-cp-hn-s\ \a-kv-°-cn®p. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ k-hn-[-Øn-en-cp-∂v sshZn-I hymI-c-W c-l-ky-ß-ƒ kzm-b-Øam°n. ]T-\w ]q-¿-Øn-bm°n-b injy-t\m-Sv Kpcp Kp-cp-Z£n-W B-h-iy-s∏´p. "{]n-b-s∏-´-ht\, F-\n-°v \n-s‚ Po-hn-X-am-Wv Kp-cp-Z-£n-W-bm-bn th-≠Xv. th-Za - m-Xm-hv Zpx-Jn-Xb - m-Wv Ah-sf tkhn°q, temI-Øp \n-∂v A-dn-hn-√mbv-a F-∂ ]m]-sØ D-∑qe-\w sNøq, A-√m-sX a-s‰m∂pw F-\n-°p th-≠.'' `m-c-X-Øn-¬ C-t∂m-fw Po-hn®n-cp-∂-Xn-¬ sh-®v G-‰hpw h-enb ss[-cy-imenbm-b k-\ym-knbpw th-Z-⁄m\-sØ k-¿-∆¿°pw hm-cn \-¬-In-b-h-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ a-l¿-jn Zbm-\µ - \ - m-bn-cp-∂p, B bp-hk - \ - ymkn. A-‘\mb Kp-cp-hmI-s´ Z-fin hn-c-Pm-\-µ-\pw. Kp-cp-hn-s‚ B-⁄ in-c-km-h-ln-® in-jy≥ `m-c-X-Øn-ep-S-\o-fw A-k-Xy-a-Xß-sf tXm¬-∏n-®v k-Xy-[¿-aw ÿm-]n®p. E-jnIr-X {KŸ-ß-ƒ am-{X-ta hm-bn-°m-hq F-∂v Dd-®p hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂ Kp-cp-hn-s‚ in-jy-≥ \n-ch-[n {KŸ-ßfpw F-gpXn. B ]p-Wym-flm-hn-\v ]q¿-Wt_m-[y-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p Xm-≥ sN-øp∂-Xv B-]tXm-≤m-c-W [-¿-a-am-sW∂v. E-jnIr-X {K-Ÿ-߃ am-{X-ap-≈ H-cp tem-I-tØ-°v F-Ø-W-sa-¶n¬ k-aq-lw H-cp-]m-Sv bm-{X sN-øm-\p-≠v F-∂v Xn-cn-®-dn™ B [n-j-Wm-imen 'B-cy-k-amPw' F-∂ t{ijv-T Iq-´mbv-a ÿ-]n®p. B ]-c-º-cbn-¬ \n-ch-[n \n-ch-[n c-Xv-\-ß-ƒ P∑w sIm≠p A-h-tc-hcpw th-Z-am-Xm-hns\, `m-c-X-[-¿ΩsØ Po-hn-XØ - n-s‚ A-hk - m-\w h-sc tk-hn®p, \n- zm-¿-∞-ambv. A-Ø-c-Øn-ep-≈ H-cm-fm-bn-cp∂p ]fin-X c-Xv-\w {io c-Lp-\-µ-≥ i¿-Ω. _lp-`m-jm ]-fin-X\pw im-kv{- X-⁄\pw i-cnbmb A-¿-∞-Øn-¬ km-[-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂ A-t±-lw ap∏-Xv h-¿-j-tØm-fw K-thj-Ww \S-Øn c-N-\ \n-¿-∆-ln-® A-Xy-]q-¿-∆am-b {K-Ÿ-c-Xv-\-am-Wv 1930˛¬ {]-kn-≤o-Ir-Xam-b 'ssh-Zn-Iv kº-Øn'.

E

-jn-am-¿ F-gpXn-b {K-Ÿ-ß-f-√m-sX a-s‰m∂pw a-\p-jy-s\ A-dn-hn-te-°v \-bn-°n-√ F-∂v Dd-®v hn-iz-kn-®n-cp-∂ H-cp k-\ym-kn D-Ø-c-a-Yp-cm-]pcn-bn-¬ Po-hn-®n-cp∂p. P∑-\m A-‘-\m-bn-cp-∂ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚-b-Sp-°-te-°v H-cn-°-¬ H-cp k\ym-kn in-jy-\m-Im-≥ sN∂p. sshZn-I hymIc-Ww ]-Tn-°m-\m-Wv B bp-h k-\ym-kn A-hnsS F-Øn-s∏-´Xv. "hym-I-c-W-Øn-¬ \o F-s¥ms° ]-Tn®p'' F-∂m-bn Kp-cp-hn-s‚ tNm-Zyw. "kmc-kzXw, kn-≤m-¥m-Zn Iu-ap-Zn'' Xp-S-ßn-b-h F∂v bp-h-k-\ym-kn-bpw. "F-∂m¬ ssI-øn-ep-≈ lncWy

34

sabv 09


tj-bX-sb k-a-¿]n-°p-∂p≠v. Xp-S¿-∂v `m-cXob N-cn-{X-Øn-¬ C-t∂m-fw Bcpw N-¿-® sNøm-≥ ss[-cy-s∏-´n-´n-√m-Ø hn-j-bß-sf A-t±lw ssI-Imcyw sN-øp∂p. `m-c-X-Øn-¬ \n∂pw B-cy-≥-am-¿ ]p-dØp-t]m-bn-´p-s≠∂pw Cß-s\ ]pd-Øp t]m-b-h-cp-sS ]n-≥-Km-an-I-ƒ ]-e ]-e X-e-ap-d-I-ƒ-°p-ti-jw ]-e-t∏m-gm-bn `m-c-X-Øn¬ h-∂n-´p-≠v F-∂p-sa√mw sX-fn-hp-I-fp-sS _e-Øn-¬ ]-d-bp-∂p≠v. a-\p-jy-cp-sS D-ev]-Øn K-¿-`-im-kv{Xw \nco-iz-c-hmZw, `u-tKmfn-I im-kv{Xw F-∂o hnj-bß-sf hn-i-Z-am-bn ]-Tn-®n-cp-∂ Cu {K-Ÿw B-Zn-kr-„n \-S∂-Xv ln-am-e-b-Øn-em-sW-∂p ÿm-]n-°p∂p. tem-I-Øn-se hnhn-[ `m-j-Isf-°p-dn®pw A-Km-[am-b ]T-\w \-ap-°n-Xn-¬ Im-Wmw. ]m¿-kn `m-j, Cw-•ojv, Cu-Pn-]v-jy≥ `m-j, A-d-_n-`m-j, B-{^n-°-bn-se kzm-lneo `m-j, ssN-\okv, P-∏m-\o-kv Xp-Sßn- {ZmhnU `m-j-sb-°p-dn-®p h-sc \-ap-°v D-ƒ-°mgv-N e-`n-°p-∂-XmWv. b-⁄-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈ Ahkm-\ {]-I-c-W-Øn-¬ b-⁄-Øn-s‚ b-Ym-¿∞ kz-cq-]w A-\m-hc-Ww sN-bv-Xn-cn-°p∂p. hnj-bß-sf A-Xn-s‚ k-a{K-X-bn-¬ A-h-X-cn∏n°p-I F-∂ `m-cXo-b co-Xn hn-⁄m-\-Øns‚ D-Ø-tam-Zm-l-c-W-am-Wv ]-fin-‰v c-Lp-\-µ≥ i-¿-a-bpsS 'ssh-Zn-Iv k-º-Øn.' Z-bm-\-µ ]-c-º-c-bn-se tI-c-f-Øn-¬ Po-hn®n-cn-°p-∂-h-cn-¬ A-{K-Wnbm-b {io Io-gm-s\√q-¿ ]-ct- a-iz-c≥ - \-ºq-Xn-cn-bm-Wv A-Xn-Kl - \ - amb Cu {K-Ÿw a-e-bm-f-Øn-te-°v hn-h-¿Ø-\w sN-bv-Xn-cn-°p-∂Xv. ]-fin-X-c-Xv-\w {io. sI.]n. \m-cm-b-W-∏n-jm-tcm-Sn-sb-t∏m-ep-≈h-¿ Cu {KŸ-sØ ap-‡-IWv-Tw {]-iw-kn-®n-´p-ap≠v. `m-c-X-hn-`-P-\-Im-eØv, C∂-sØ ]m-°nÿm-\n-se dm-h¬ - ] - n-fin-bnse, B-cy-ka - m-PK - pcp-Ip-ew a-X-{`m-¥-≥-am-¿ I-Øn-®p Nm-º-em-°nb-t∏m-ƒ A-hn-sS-\n-∂v Po-h-\pw-sIm≠v Hm-Sp∂ t\-cØpw ssI-øn-¬ I-cpXn-b ]p-kv-X-I-amWv CXv. F-s‚ Po-hn-X-ambpw C-Xn\v Cu {KŸ-Øn-\v G-sd _-‘-ap≠v. Cu {K-Ÿ-Øn-s‚ hn-h-¿-Ø-\hpw {]-km-[-\hpw H-cp \n-tbm-KamWv; Rm\-Xv F-∂m-¬ I-gn-bp-∂ hn-[w \n-¿-∆ln®p.'' C-Zw \-a-a C-Xm-Wv hn-h-¿-Ø-I-s‚bpw `m-hw.

]WvUn‰v cLp\µ≥ i¿Ω

ssh-Zn-I-⁄m-\-sØbpw A-Xn-¬-\n∂pw {I-a-am-bn cq-]-s∏-´p h∂ tem-I-{I-a-sØbpw Adn-hn-s‚ hnhn-[ ta-J-e-I-sfbpw Ip-dn-®v C-{Xta-¬ B-g-Øn-¬ ]-Tn-°p-∂ H-cp {K-Ÿw C-s√∂pX-s∂ ]-d-tb-≠n-h-cpw. C-cp-]Xmw \q-‰m-≠ns‚ B-Zy-]-Ip-Xn-bn-¬ bq-tdm-∏n-em-I-am-\w ]-S¿∂p ]n-Sn-® t\-Nz-dn-k-sØ-°p-dn-®mWv Cu {KŸw B-Zy-am-bn N-¿-® sN-øp-∂Xv. A-an-Xam-b `u-Xn-I-Xm-hmZw (materialism) sIm-≠v ho-¿-∏pap´n-b a-\pjy, {]-Ir-Xn-kv-t\-ln-Ifm-b AtUmƒ-^v P-Ãn-s\-t∏m-ep-≈-h-¿ Nn-¥n-® t\-Nzdn-kw a-\p-jy-s‚ ]q-¿-W-hn-Im-k-Øn-\v F¥psIm-≠v X-S- -am-Wv F-∂v hf-sc hn-i-Z-am-bmWv C-Xn-¬ N-¿-® sN-øp-∂-Xv. (P-¿-a-≥-Im-c\m-b A-tUmƒ-^v P-Ãns‚ Return to Nature F-∂ {K-Ÿ-Øn-¬ \n∂pw A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ {]-h-¿-Ø\-ß-fnepw B-Ir-„-\m-bm-Wv a-lm-flm-Km-‘n AlΩZm_mZnse \-h-Po-h-≥ B-{i-aw Xp-S-ßnb-Xv.) ssh-Zn-I-in-j-W-Øn-s‚ {]m-No-\-X F¥psIm-≠v {Ko°v, Cu-Pn-]v-Xv Xp-Sßn-b kw-kv-°mc-ß-tf-°m-ƒ Iq-Sp-X-em-Wv F-∂v A-t±-lw XpS¿-∂v N-¿-® sN-øp∂p. th-Z-ß-fp-sS `m-jm-imkv-{X-Øn-s‚ am-\-Zfi-ß-ƒ D-]-tbmKn®p-sIm-≠v th-Zß- f p- s S A- ] u- c p-



Thus Spake the Rishi ......................................................................................................................

""The world is fettered by the chain forged by superstition and ignorence. I have to snap asunder that chain and to set slaves at liberty. It is contrary to my mission to have people deprived of their freedom.'' Maharshi Dayananda Saraswathi lncWy

35

sabv 09


lnc-Wy Iq-Sp-X¬ - \-∂m-hp-∂p≠v. A-Sp-Ø amksØ hnj-bw F-¥m-bn-cn°pw F-∂m-Wv Rm\mtem-Nn-°p-∂Xv. Xn-cp-°p-d-¬ F-∂ X-an-gv thZw, th-Zß-sf ]n-≥]-‰n F-gp-Xn-b-Xm-Wv F-s∂m-cp ]-cm-a¿-iw A-cp-¨ {]-`m-Ic-s‚ te-J-\-Øn-¬ I≠p. C-\n- t- b-sX-¶nepw H-cp A-hk - c - Ø - n-¬ AsXm-∂v hn-iZ- o-Ic - n-®m-¬ \-∂m-bn-cp∂p. Imc-Ww Xn-cp-°p-d-en-s\-°p-dn-®v ]-e t]-¿ ]-e am-Xn-cn ]-d-™p-Im-Wp∂p. am-{X-a-√ kw-kvIr-X th-ZØn-s\ ]n-≥-]-‰n-b-Xm-Wv X-an-gv th-Zw F-∂v ]e X-an-gv hn-Zzm-≥-amcpw Aw-Ko-I-cn-°p-∂n√. i-¶-c-\pÆn k-Xy-aw-K-ew

"ln-cWy' amkn-I e-`n®p. A-Xv hf-sc k-t¥mj-]q¿-∆w ap-gp-h\pw hm-bn®p. ⁄m-\-kq-cyt\bpw I≠p. `m-cybpw hm-bn®p. A-Sp-Ø dq-anep-≈-hcpw hm-bn®p. B-≤ymfln-I cwK-Øv al-Xz-sØ A-dn-bp-hm-≥ C-∂v a-e-bm-f-Øn-¬ CXp am-Xn-cn H-cp {]-kn-≤o-I-c-W-an-√.A-dnhv Cuiz-c-\m-W-s√m˛Cu-iz-cIr]-bp-≈-h¿-t° C-Xp am-Xn-cn I-s≠-Øm-≥ I-gnbq. F√mw \-Ω-fnep≠v. IX-Iv Xp-d-°p-∂n-s√-¶n-¬ AI-Øv \n[n-bp-s≠-¶n-¬ X-s∂ {]-tbm-P-\-an-√. \-Ωp-sS `m-c-X-Øn-s‚ C∂-sØ ÿn-Xn C-XmWv. a-ebm-fn-Ifm-b \-Ω-fn-¬ F-{X t]-¿ a-e-bm-fnbm-b {io i-¶-cm-Nm-cy kzm-anI-sf D-ƒ-s°m-≈m-≥ Xøm-dp-≈-h-cp≠v? Xm-¶-fp-sS {]-h-¿Øn Cu-iz-cob-am-sW-∂v ]-d-bp-hm-\-√msX B a-l-Xz-sØ h-¿Æ - n°m-s\m∂pw F-s‚ A-ev] - ⁄ m-\w sIm≠v I-gn-bp-I-bn√. F-√m-‰n-t\bpw {]-Im-in-∏n-®p kz-bw {]-Imin-°p-∂ Cu-izc-≥, k-Xy-ky-kX - yw˛A-hn-Sp-∂v k-a-\m-sW-∂v th-Zw ]-d-bp∂p. A-hn-sS bp-≤an-√ k-am-[m-\-ta-bp≈p. ]ht\iz¿ Icp\mK∏≈n, sIm√w

lncWy

tIm]-sØ km-[q-I-cn-®v ]p-d-Øn-dßn-b e°w 'ln-cWy' D-]-Im-c-{]-Zam-b ]-e \n-co-£-W-ßfmepw k-ar-≤-am-bn-cp-∂p Rm-s\m-cp £n{]-tIm]n-bm-Wv F-∂m-Wv F-s‚ `m-cybpw A-Ωbpw kl-{]-h-¿-Ø-Icpw ]-d-bp-∂Xv. sh-dp-sX H-cp ]co£-Ww F-∂ a-´n-¬ Rm\pw H-cp I-Æm-Sn Fs‚ Hm-^o-kv tS-_n-fn-¬ sh®p. \n-ß-tfm-Sv Fß-s\ \-µn ]-d-b-W-sa-∂-dn-bn-√, ÿ-e-Im-et_m-[-an-√m-sX t{Im-[n-°p-tºm-ƒ F-s‚ ap-Jw F-\n-°pX-s∂ A-k-ly-am-Wv. kp-tc-{µ-≥. ]n.sI. tIm-gn-t°mSv

36 36

sabv 09


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv





Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™

"Kpcp Bcv? F¥v? Fßs\?' "Kpcp Bcv? F¥v? Fßs\?' F∂ hnjbsØ Bkv]Zam°n sI.hn.B¿.F^v. hnhn[ ÿeßfn¬ G{]n¬ amkØn¬ \SØnb kXvkwKßsf°pdn®p≈ hm¿ØIƒ

sIm-bn-em≠n: kXv-kw-Kw 26\v em-ep Xq-∆-t°m-Sns‚ ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. cm-[m-Ir-jv-W-≥ A-≤y-£-X h-ln-® N-S-ßn-¬ em-ep Xq-∆-t°m-Sv kzm-K-Xhpw APo-jv \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]-d™p. ]n.Fw. {]-Im-i-≥ {]-`mj-Whpw P-e-P- A·n-tlm-{Xhpw sN-bvXp.

£bm-b N-S-ßn-¬ D-Æn-°p-am-c-≥ kzm-K-Xhpw thWptKm-]m-¬ \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]-d™p. i-in-[-c-≥ t]-cm-{ºbp-sS {]-`m-jW - hpw D-Æn-°p-am-c\ - pw km-hn-{Xnbpw tN¿∂v A·n-tlm-{X-b-⁄hpw \-SØn. ^-tdm-°v : k-Xv-kw-Kw 19\v ]n. In-tjm-dn-s‚ ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. kn.sI. cm-P-≥ A-≤y-£-X h-ln-® N-Sßn-¬ cm-a-N-{µ-≥ ^-tdm-°v tIm-tf-Pv kzm-K-Xhpw ss_Pp ^-tdm-°v \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]-d™p. N-{µ-≥ t]-cm-{ºbp-sS {]-`m-j-Whpw [-\y-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ssZ\nI A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \-S∂p.

tIm-gn-t°m-Sv _o-®v : k-Xv-kw-Kw ]-sØm-º-Xn\v ]fl-P l-cn-Zm-kn-s‚ ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. D-Æn-°r-jvW-≥ Fw.]n. kzm-KX - hpw Zp-¿§ \-ak - v° - m-chpw ]-d™p. l- c n- Z m- k - ≥ t]- c m- { º {]- ` m- j - W hpw _m- e - k p- { _“Wyw A·n-tlm-{Xhpw sN-bvXp. Im-c-∏-d-ºv: k-Xv-kw-Kw ]-{¥-≠n\v Fw.F-≥. Ir-jvWs‚ ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. Fw.sI. A-∏p-°p-´-≥ A-≤y£\m-b N-S-ßn-¬ hn. Ir-jv-W-≥ kzm-K-Xhpw k-PnØv \-µnbpw ]-d™p. {]-_o-¿I - p-am-¿ {]-`m-jW - hpw kn. cm-tI-jn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ssZ\n-I A·n-tlm-{X-b⁄hpw \-S-∂p.

I-√mbv: k-Xv-kw-Kw 19\v t_-∏q-¿ Xºn-tdm-Un-ep-≈ I-cp-a-I-≥ Im-hv t£-{X-Øn-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. t£{Xw c-£m-[n-Im-cn \n-e-hnf-°v sIm-fpØn. kp-tc-jv-Ip-am-¿ kzm-K-Xhpw t£{Xw c-£m-[n-Im-cn \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]d™p. kmbn-P So-®-¿ {]-`m-j-Whpw kp-tPjv, {]-Pp F-∂n-h-cp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ssZ\n-I A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \-S∂p.

a-em-∏dºv : k-Xv-kw-Kw 26\v Sn. A-\o-jv-Ip-am-dn-s‚ ho´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. X-øn-¬ _m-_p A-≤y-£\m-b N-Sßn-¬ Sn. A-\o-jv-Ip-am-¿ \-a-kv-°m-cw ]-d™p. Fw.F≥. cm-a-N-{µ-≥ {]-`m-j-Whpw sI. kp-`m-jv-N-{µ-s‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ A·n-tlm-{X-b-⁄hpw \-S-Øn.

sh-kv-‰v-ln¬ : k-Xv-kw-Kw A-©n-\v Ip-≠q-∏d-ºv I-Æmdº-Øv e-X F-∂-h-cp-sS ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. Sn. Dt]-{µ-≥ A-≤y-£\m-b N-S-ßn-¬ e-X kzm-K-Xhpw kmbn-P So-®-¿ \-a-kv-°m-c-hpw sN-bvXp. k-Pn-Xv {]-`mj-Whpw tPym-Xn-teb-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ A·n-tlm{Xhpw \-S-∂p.

hS-Ic : k-Xv-kw-Kw 19\v `m-kv-I-c-≥ H-©n-b-Øn-s‚ ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. P-\m-¿-±-\-≥ A-≤y-£\m-b N-Sßn-¬ `m-kv-I-c-≥ H-©n-bw kzm-K-Xhpw c-hn-Ip-am-¿ H©n-bw \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]-d™p. cm-P-tKm-]m-¬ _m-ept»-cn-bp-sS {]-`m-j-Whpw `m-kv-I-c-≥ H-©n-b-Øn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \-S-∂p.

h-f-b-\mSv: k-Xv-kw-Kw A-©n-\v h-f-b-\m-Sv s]-cn-tbSØv `-Kh-Xn t£-{X-Øn-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. Sn. N-{µ-≥ kzmK-Xhpw k-Pn-Xm c-ta-iv \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]-d™p. i-inI-e {]-`m-j-W-hpw, A-timI-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ A·ntlm-{Xhpw \-S∂p.

]-¥o-cm-¶m-hv : k-Xv-kw-Kw 26\v ]-¥o-cm-¶m-hv F.bp.]n. kv-Iq-fn-¬ sh-®p \-S∂p. \m-cm-b-W-°p-dp-∏v A-≤y£\m-b N-S-ßn-¬ `m-kv-°-c-≥-\m-b-¿ kzm-K-Xhpw ]d™p. i-in I-Ω-t´-cn-bp-sS {]-`m-j-Whpw D-≠m-bncp∂p.

Ip-‰n-°m-´q-¿: k-Xv-kw-Kw A-©n-\v _m-e-Ir-jv-W-≥-\mb-cp-sS ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. H.hn. A-\n-¬-Ip-am-¿ A≤y-£-X h-ln-® N-S-ßn-¬ sF. N-{µ-lm-k-≥ am-kv-‰-¿ kzm-K-Xhpw ]-d™p. kp-tc-jv-_m-_p {]-`m-j-W-hpw sI. kp-\n-X-bp-sS t\-Xr-Xz-Øn¬ ssZ\n-I A·n-tlm{Xhpw \-S-∂p.

Xn-cp-h-Æq-¿: k-Xv-kw-Kw 25\v D-≈n-t»-cn-°p-∂n-ep-≈ D-Æn-°p-amc-s‚ ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. i-in-I-e A-≤y-

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy



37

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv sabv 09



Adn™


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

sIm-fØ-d: k-Xv-kw-Kw 12\v \m-K-Øp-]m-Sw A-ø-∏-t£{X-Øn-¬ sh-®v \-S∂p. Zn-hy A-≤y-£bm-b N-S-ßn¬ P-kvh-¥v kzm-K-Xhpw c-Rv-Pn-Øv \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]d™p. tch-Xn cm-a-N-{µ-≥ {]-`m-j-W-hpw Zn-hy-bp-sS t\Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \-S-∂p.



Adn™

Pqsse amksØ kXvkwKw hnjbw:

"{ioIrjvWclkyw'

c≠mw `mKw

Gcnb

t]-cm{º: k-Xv-kw-Kw \m-en-\v \-Sp-h-Æq-¿ Im-hn-¬, Ipf-ap-≈-Xn-¬ cm-L-h-≥ F-∂ B-fp-sS ho-´n-¬ sh-®v \S∂p. N-{µ-≥ t]-cm-{º A-≤y-£\m-b N-S-ßn-¬ i-in[-c-≥ t]-cm-{º kzm-K-Xhpw cm-a-Ir-jv-W-≥ \-a-kv-°mchpw ]-d™p. c-hn a-ßm-Sv {]-`m-j-Whpw _m-_p \-Sph-Æq-cn-s‚ t\-Xr-Xz-Øn-¬ b-⁄hpw sN-bv-Xp. IpµawKew: kXvkwKw 12\v {iotejns‚ ho´n¬ sh®v \S∂p. t{]am\µs‚ A≤y£\mb NSßn¬ {iotejv kzmKXhpw AtPjv \akv°mchpw ]d ™p. kpZ¿is‚ {]`mjW hpw jnt\mPns‚ t\Xr XzØn¬ A·ntlm{X hpw \S∂p. tImgnt°mSv kn‰n: kXv k wKw 19\v AgsImSn PbcmPs‚ ho´n¬ sh®v \S∂p. _meIrjvW≥ A≤y£\mb NSßn¬ Fw.F≥. cmaN{µ≥ kzmKXhpw PbcmP≥ \akv°mchpw ]d™p. tim`\ _meIrjv W s‚ {]`mjWhpw KncnP So®dpsS t\XrXzØn¬ A·ntlm{Xhpw \S∂p. tNhmbq¿: kXvkwKw 26\v ]dbt©cn XdΩ¬ {io kp{_“Wyt£{XØn¬ sh®v \S∂p. kp{_“ Wy≥ sI.hn.bpsS A≤y£Xbn¬ tN¿∂ tbmK Øn¬ APnXvIpam¿ kzmKXhpw cho{µ\mYv \akv°m chpw ]d™p. jo\ cmtPjns‚ {]`mjWhpw Bi {]kmZns‚ t\XrXzØn¬ A·ntlm{Xhpw \S∂p.

XnøXn

sImbnem≠n

5˛07˛2009

tNhmbq¿

5˛07˛2009

]¥ocm¶mhv

5˛07˛2009

XncphÆq¿

5˛07˛2009

t]cm{º

12˛07˛2009

shÃvln¬

12˛07˛2009

Ip‰n°m´q¿

12˛07˛2009

hfb\mSv

12˛07˛2009

Imc∏dºv

19˛07˛2009

hSIc

19˛07˛2009

sImfØd

19˛07˛2009

IpµawKew

19˛07˛2009

tImgnt°mSv _o®v

19˛07˛2009

tImgnt°mSv kn‰n

26˛07˛2009

I√mbv

26˛07˛2009

^tdm°v

26˛07˛2009

aem∏dºv

26˛07˛2009

DS≥ ]pdØndßp∂p

`KhZvKoXmclkyw

sI.hn.B¿.F^v hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v kvtImf¿jn∏v \¬Ip∂p

km[mcW°m¿°p≈ `KhZvKoXmhymJym\w (hoUntbm Un.hn.Un) 100 cq]

tImgnt°mSv: kmºØnIambn ]n∂m°w \n¬°pIbpw AtX kabw ]T\Øn¬ Ignhp sXfnbn°pIbpw sNbvX 50 hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v Imiy] thZm dnk¿®v ^ut≠j≥ kvtImf¿jn∏v \¬Ip∂p.

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



2

{]`mjI≥

BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjv

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy

Un.hn.Un

38



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

sabv 09



Adn™


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv





Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™

ta[ 2009 km-[m-cW - ° - m-¿° - p-≈ Ko-Xm-hym-Jym-\w {it≤bambn

amXr`qan UbdIvS¿ ]n.hn. \n[ojv ta[ 2009s‚ DZvLmS\w \n¿∆ln°p∂p

I-¿Ω-sØ hn-`-Pn-® `m-cXo-b X-Øz-imkv{Xw C-∂v A-I-¿-a-Wy-X-bp-sS ]c-a-tImSn-bm-bn am-dnb-Xv \o-Xn-°v \n-c-°m-Ø A-¿∞-߃ - Ko-Xb - v° - v \-¬I - n-bX - p-I≠ - mWv. hniz-hn-Jym-X\m-b A-cn-kvt- ‰m-´n-¬ I-¿Ω - s - Ø°p-dn-®p ]-d-™-t∏m-ƒ _-¿´-‚ v d- -en-s\t∏m-ep-≈ _p-≤n-cm-£-k-≥-am-¿ ]-d-™-Xv. 'C-sX-¥m-Wv F-∂v F-\-\n-°v a-\- n-em-Ip∂n-√' F-∂mWv. A-Xy-¥w kq-£v-aam-b I¿-a hn-h-c-W-ßfm-b b-⁄-ßfpw bm-Kßfpw ]-©-a-lm-b-⁄-ßfpw `m-cXo-b PohnX-sØ G-Xp-Xc - Ø - n-em-Wv D-¬^ - p-√a - m-°pI? \n-co-iz-c-hm-Zn-I-fp-sS ss_-_n-ƒ F-∂p ]-db - s - ∏-Sp-∂ H-dn-Pn-≥ Hm-^v kv] - o-jo-kn-s‚ I-¿-Øm-hv Nmƒ-kv Um-¿-hn-≥ F-ßn-s\ Bflm-hn-s\ I-s≠-Øn F∂-Xv ]-e-¿-°p-a-dnbm-Ø H-cp Im-cy-amWv. Cu-iz-cm-\p-`q-Xn-sb F-ßn-s\ A-dn-b-W-sa-∂v Ko-X ]-d-bp-tºmƒ A-hn-sS ssZ-h-hn-izm-kw H-cp L-S-I-ambn I-S-∂p-h-cpw. Um-¿-hn-s\-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿ t]mepw B-flm-hn-¬ hn-iz-kn-®n-cp∂p. Izm-

tI-c-f N-cn-{X-Øn-¬ B-Zy-am-bn a-lm-`mc-X-Øn-se `-Kh-Zv Ko-X-bv-°v th-Z-k-Ω-Xamb H-cp hym-Jym-\w \-S∂p. sI.hn.B-¿.F^n-s‚ Ip-e-]-Xnbpw th-Z-]-fin-X-\pam-b a-lm-flm Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jn-s‚ km-[m-cW-°m-¿-°p-≈ Ko-Xm-hym-Jym-\w \n-ch-[n t]-sc B-I-¿-jn®p. `m-cXo-b [-¿-Ω-Øn-s‚ aq-¿-Øo-I-c-Wam-b {io-Ir-jvW-s\ H-cp bYm-¿-∞ a-\p-jy-\m-bn I≠p-sIm-≠v Ko-Xbp-sS c-l-ky-X-e-ß-fn-te-°v km-[m-c-W a\p-jy-sc \-bn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p a-lm-flm cmtPjv. A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ hym-Jym-\-Øn-¬\n∂v: "C-∂v Ko-X-bn-se t«m-I-ß-fp-sS A-¿∞-ß-ƒ ]-eXpw bm-sXm-cp _-‘-hp-an-√mØ-XmWv. A-Xn-\v G-‰hpw \-√ sX-fn-hmWv Ko-X-bn-se I-¿-Ω-sØ-°p-dn-®p-≈ hymJym-\ß-ƒ. F-¥m-Wv I-¿Ωw, F-¥m-Wv hnI-¿Ωw, F-¥m-Wv A-I¿-Ωw F-∂nß-s\ ta[ 2009s‚ kZ v

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy



39

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv sabv 09



Adn™


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

≠w Xn-b-dn-bp-sS D-]-⁄m-Xm-hm-bn-cp-∂p am-Iv-kv πm¶pw A-e-Ivk-Uv Im-depw F¥n-\v B-¬-_¿´v sF-≥-ssÃ\pw Cu-iz-chn-kzm-kn-If - m-bn-cp∂p-sIm-≠pX-s∂ im-kv{X-Øn-s‚ K-Xn-hn-K-XnI-sf am-‰n-a-dn®p. F∂m-¬ \-ap-°v im-kv{Xw Cu-iz-c-\n-tj-[am-sW-∂ Nn-¥-bm-Wp-≈Xv. Cu Nn-¥ ]mtS hn-]mS-\w sN-tø≠-Xv im-kv-{X-sØ-°pdn®pw im-kv-{X-⁄-≥-am-sc-°p-dn®pw ]-Tn®-ti-j-am-bn-cn-°Ww. sh-dp-sX-bn-cn-°m-≥ Ko-X \-tΩm-Sv ]d-bp-∂n-√. Rm\pw {_-“w \obpw {_-“w AXp-sIm-≠v I¿-aw sN-øp∂-Xv hr-Ym-hnem-av F-∂ B-i-bhpw \n-߃-°v Ko-X-bn¬ I-s≠-Øm-≥ km-[n-°n√. Cu tem-Iw C-√m-Ø-Xm-Wv F∂pw Ko-X ]-d-bp-∂n-√. Po-hn-Xw b-⁄-a-b-am-bn-cn-°Ww. H-cp \nan,w t]mepw sh-dp-sX-bn-cn-°-cpXv. {]-Pm]Xn b-⁄-Øn-eq-sS-bm-Wv temI-sØ kr„n-®Xv. Cu-izc-s‚ kr-„n-Ifm-b \-ap°pw I- ¿ - a - Ø n- ¬ - \ n- ∂ pw, b- ⁄ - I - ¿ - a - Ø n- ¬ \n∂pw am-dn \n-¬-°m-≥ A-[n-Im-c-an-√. ap‡m-hm-bn-cp-∂ {io-Ir-jv-W≥ t]mepw I¿aw sN-bv-X-bm-fm-bn-cp∂p. H-cp Znh-kw t]mepw B-N-c-W-ß-ƒ ap-S-°m-Ø-bm-fm-bncp∂p. bm-{X-I-fn-¬-t∏mepw k-‘ym-h-µ\hpw A-·n-tlm-{Xhpw B ]p-Wym-flm-hv ap-S-°n-bn-cp-∂n√. Pm-Xo-bX - b - vs - °-Xn-sc A-Xn-i‡ - a - m-bn cw-K-Øp-h-∂ {io-Ir-jvW-\v A∂-sØ PmXn-t°m-a-c-ß-fp-sS I-fn-bm-°epw A-]-am-

\apt°h¿°pw PohnXØn¬ Hcp]mSv DØchmZnØap≠v. AXn¬ \n∂v Hfnt®m Sm≥ \ap°v A[nImcan√. `KhZv KoX bn¬ Irjv W ≥ i‡ambn aptºm´p sh°p∂ ho£WanXmWv F∂p amXr `qan UbdIvSdmb ]n.hn. \n[ojv A`n{]m bs∏´p. ]pXnb Xeapdbv°v Imcyßsf th≠ coXnbn¬ Dƒs°m≈p∂pan√, {Iaamb Hcp ]≤Xnbpan√, AXv Fßs\ thW sa∂v KoX \sΩ ]Tn∏n°p∂p. BZnhmknIƒ°p≈ kuP\y acp∂v hnXcWw BNmcy Fw. B¿. cmtPjv \n¿∆ln®p. NSßn¬ ]n.Fw. iymw\mYv kzmKXhpw ]n.]n. DÆn°rjW≥ A[y £\pw kptcjv _m_p \akv°mchpw A¿∏n-®p.

BNmcy Fw.B- ¿ . cm- t P- j v Aar- X Sn.hn.°v th-≠n X-øm-dm-°n-b "]q-¥m-\Øn-s‚ ⁄m-\-∏m-\-bp-sS ssh-Zn-I`mjyw' ta-[ 2009t\m-Sv A-\p-_-‘n-®v {]-Imi-\w sN-bvXp. am-Xr-`q-an U-b-dŒ-dm-b ]n.hn. \n-[o-jv {]-ikv-X I-YmIr-Øv bp.sI. Ip-amc-\v B-Zy-{]-Xn \-¬-In-s°m-≠v {]-Imi-\w \n-¿-∆ln®p. B-Zy-am-bm-Wv ⁄m-\-∏m-\bv-°v ssh-Zn-Iam-b Hcp hym Jym-\w D-≠m-Ip-∂Xv. ]n.sI. {_tZ-gv-km-Wv ]p-kv-X-I-Øn-s‚ {]km[-\w \n-¿-∆-ln-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv.



Adn™

\-ßfpw ]-e-t∏m-gm-bn G-‰p-hm-tß-≠n h∂n-´p≠v. in-ip-]m-e-s\-t∏m-ep-≈ Pm-Xnt°m-ac - ß - ƒ - {io-Ir-jvW - \ - p-am-bn th-Zn-]¶ - nSm-≥-t]mepw ]-e-t∏mgpw X-øm-dm-bn-cp-∂n-√. AØ-c-sam-cp Im-e-L-´-Øn-em-Wv km-£m¬ {io-Ir-jvW\v 'Nm-Xp-¿-h-¿Wyw a-bmhr„w' F-∂p ]-d-™Xv. A-Xmb-Xv Nm-Xp¿-h-¿Wyw Rm-\m-Wv D-≠m-°n-bXv. 'Kp-WI-¿a - h - n-`mKx' Hm-tcm-cp-Øc - p-tSbpw Kp-WØ - n\-\p-k-cn®v. A-Xmb-Xv sshZn-I Imew-sXm´v \n-e-hn-ep-cp-∂ Cu-iz-co-bam-b Nm-Xp-¿-h¿Wyw ]n-∂o-Sv ]n-∂o-Sv tem-]n-®v P-m-Xn F∂ hn-Ir-Xm-h-ÿ-bn-¬ F-Øn-b-t∏m-ƒ thZ-ßf - n-¬ ]-d™ n-´p-≈ h-¿W - m-{i-ah - y-hÿsb ]p-\x-ÿm-]n-®-bm-fm-Wv {io-Ir-jvW≥.

"]q¥m-\-Øn-s‚ ⁄m-\∏m\' ssh-Zn-I-`mjyw {]-Imi-\w sN-bv-Xp

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy

40



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

sabv 09



Adn™


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv





Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™

ap-≈ ti-jp A-ø-¿-lm-fn-¬ sa-bv 17\v \-S-∂ ]cn- ] m- S n {]- i kv - X `- ‡ n- K m- \ - c - N - b n- X mhm- b ]n.kn. A-c-hn-µ-≥ D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-bvXp. {]-ikvX \r-Ø A-≤ym-]-I\m-b hn. ]-Zv-a-\m`-≥ am-ÿ A-≤y-Ivj\m-bn-cp∂p. a-e-∏pdw Pn-√-bn-seØs∂ F-S∏ - m-fn-em-bn-cp-∂p A-Sp-Ø ]-cn-]mSn. Sme‚ v πkv Hm-Un-t‰m-dn-b-Øn-¬ sh-®p \-S-∂ ]-cn]m-Sn B-bp-¿t∆-Z `n-j-Kz-c\mb tUm. In-cm-Xaq¿-Øn D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-bvXp. N-S-ßn-¬ sh-®v ssh-Zn-I\pw ]m-™m-ƒ A-Xn-cm-{X-Øn-¬ ]-s¶Sp-Ø th-Z-]-fin-X\m-b Iu-{]-amc-Øv i-¶-c\m-cm-b-W-≥ \-ºq-Xn-cn-∏m-Sn-s\ B-Z-cn®p. kpPn-Øv-Ip-am-¿.kn.sI., i-in I-Ω-t´-cn C-h-¿ ¢mkp-I-sf-SpØp. sa-bv 31\v I-Æq-cn-¬ sh-®p \-S∂ ]cn]mSn ]-ø-∂q-¿ K-h-¨-sa-‚ v tIm-tf-Pv kw-kvI - r-Xh - n-`m-Kw ta-[m-hnbmbncp∂ tUm. ]n. a-t\m-lc - ≥ - D-ZvL - mS-\w \n-¿∆ - l - n®p. tIm-gn-t°mSv D-≈Xp-t]m-se th-Z]-T-\ ¢m-kv I-Æq-cnepw D-S-≥ B-cw-`n°-Ww F-∂m-Wv I-Æq-cn-¬ \n-∂pap-≈ A-`y-¿∞\. \m-ev th-Z-ßfpw {]-Z-¿-in-∏n®p-sIm-≠p-≈ X-Øz-a-kn-bn-¬ ]-s¶-Sp-Ø-h-¿ ]-d™Xv “th-Zß-ƒ X-ß-fp-sS Po-hn-X-hp-ambn, im-kv-{X-hp-ambn C-{X-ta-¬ _-‘-ap-≈-Xm-Wv F-∂-dn-™n-cp∂n-√. R-ß-ƒ°pw th-Zw ]-Tn°mw F-∂v CXph-sc a-\- n-em-°n-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]-Tn-®m-¬ a-\ n-em--hm-Ø-X-√ F-∂p a-\- n-embn. AXn-s\m-

"XØzakn' P\lrZbßsf IogS°p∂p

Xr»qcn¬ Fw.sI. cmaN{µ≥ DZvLmS\w sNøp∂p

`mcXo-b

[-¿-a-Øn-s‚ A-Snÿm-\ {]-am-Wßfm-b \m-ep th-Zß-sf km-[m-c-W-°m¿-°p ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂ sI.hn.B-¿.F-^n-s‚ ‘XØza-kn th-Z-ßfn-te-s°m-cp Xo-¿-∞-bm{X’ F∂ sshZn-I in-ev-]im-e P-\-lr-Z-bß-sf Iog-S-°p∂p. sI.hn.B-¿.F-^n-s‚ Ip-e]-Xn a-lmflm Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jv cq-]-I-ev-]-\ sNbv-X XØz-a-kn-bp-sS B-Zy in-ev-]im-e \-S-∂Xv sa-bv 10\v Xr-»q-¿ km-ln-Xy A-°m-Z-an lm-fn-em-bncp∂p. {]-ikv-X {K-Ÿ-Im-c\m-b Fw.sI. cm-aN-{µ-\m-Wv ]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-sS D-Zv-LmS-\w \n-¿-∆-ln®Xv. A-cp-¨ {]-`m-I-c\pw i-in I-Ω-t´-cnbpw ¢m-kp-I-ƒ F-SpØp. “C-S-bv-°n-sS C-Ø-c-Ønep-≈ ¢m-kp-I-ƒ \-S-ØWw.” F-∂p-≈ A-t]£-I-fm-Wv ]-s¶-Sp-Ø-h-cn-¬ \n∂pw Iq-Sp-X-embn In-´n-bXv. a-e-∏p-dw Pn-√-bn-se A-ßm-Sn-∏p-dØm-Wv c-≠ma-sØ ]-cn-]m-Sn \-S-∂Xv. {]-i-kvXam-b Xn-cp-am-‘mw-Ip-∂v t£-{X-Øn-\v k-ao-]-

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



AßmSn∏pdØv ]n.kn. Achnµ≥ DZvLmS\w sNøp∂p

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy



41

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv sabv 09



Adn™


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



s° ]pd-ta thZ-ß-tfm-Sv F-s¥-∂n-√m-Ø H-cp `-‡n lr-Z-b-Øn-¬ D-Zn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp.’’ thZ-{]-NcWw Cu-izco-b Im-cy-am-Wv AXp-sIm-

≠p X-s∂ Kp-cp-]c - º - c - b - p-sSbpw B-Nm-cy-s‚bpw A-\p-{K-l-Øm-¬ tIc-fw apgp-h\pw X-Øza-kn hn-]p-e-am-bn \-S-Øm-\m-Wv {]-h-¿-Ø-I-cp-sS Xocp-am\w.

FS∏mfn¬ tUm: IncmXaq¿Øn DZvLmS\w sNøp∂p

IÆqcn¬ tUm: Fw. at\mlc≥ DZvLmS\w sNøp∂p.

kmlnXy A°mZan ]pckv°mcw BNmcy \tc{µ`qjWv ka{K kw`mh\bv°p≈ Cu h¿jsØ tIcf kmlnXy A°mZan ]pckv ° mcØn\v {]ikv X thZ]Wv U nX\mb BNmcy \tc{µ`qj¨ A¿l \mbn. Ccp]Xn\mbncw cq]bpw s]m∂mSbpw ^eIhpamWv ]pckv ° mcw. thZ {]NcW cwKØp≈h¿°v CXmZyam bmWv tIcf kmlnXy A°mZan ]pckv°mcw e`n°p∂Xv . sI.hn.B¿.F^v . thZcXv \ ]pckv°mcw \¬In Ct±lsØ BZcn®n´p≠v

sI.]n. \mcmbW ∏njmtcmSn ]pckv°mcw BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjn\v

hb\m´nse BZnhmknIƒ°p≈ AcnhnXcWw sI.hn.B¿. F^v. Ipe]Xn BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjv \n¿∆ln°p∂p.

ka{K thZ {]NcWØn\p≈ sI.]n. \mcmbW ]njmtcmSnbpsS P∑iXm_vZn tbmS\p_‘n®v AJne`mcX {io Kpcphm bqc∏ `‡kanXn G¿s∏SpØnb ]pckv °mcØn\v thZ]Wv U nX\mb BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtPjv A¿l\mbn. ka{K thZ{]NcWØn\mWv Ahm¿Uv.

Printed by K. Meera Rajesh, Published by K. Meera Rajesh, Owned by K. Meera Rajesh, Printed at Prameela Press, Oyitty Road, Mele Palayam, Calicut. Ph: 0495-2722889, Published at IInd Floor, Sreekanteshwara Complex, Mavoor Road, Kozhikode - 4 (Calicut), Ph: 0495-2724700, Editor: Vivek. D. Shenoy lncWy

42 42

sabv 09

Adn™


lncWy

43

sabv 09


Back cover

lncWy

44

sabv 09


hiranya may 09 n  

sabv 09 1 lncWy lncWy 2 sabv 09 Advisory Panel Keezhanelloor Parameswaran Namboodiri Aryabhaskar Dr. R. Radhakrishna Varma Dr. Harish Chandr...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you