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4 Irjn

AXn-Po-h-\-Øns‚ aqe-a{¥w

kn.sI. kp-Pn-Xv-Ip-am-¿

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PmXntbm AsX-¥mWv? Bcy-`m-kv°¿

thZ-ß-fn¬ Ncn-{X-an√ ]Wv U n‰v inh- I p- a m¿ imkv{Xn/ Acp¨ {]`m-I-c≥

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thZ-`mjyw almflm

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tZh-X-Isf tXm¬]n® ]p¬s°mSn ]n.-]n. DÆn-°r-jvW≥

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X-e-°p-f-Øq-¿ `-´-Xn-cn Acp¨ {]`m-I-c≥

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Ip´n-I-fpsS kwkvIrXw hn.-F-kv. l¿j-h¿≤-\≥

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thZ-K-WnXw at\mPv _mep-t»cn

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k\m-X\ tªmKv

35 32 36 37 38

]pkvXI ]cn-Nbw kp]¿Æ-°m-gvN-Iƒ

Cuiz-c≥ \¬Inb KpcpXzw Pn\n-Øv. Fw.

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]mNIw IØp-Iƒ

1185 hr›n-Iw-˛-[\pNnßw 1931 -B{K-lm-bWw--˛]ujw˛ `m{Zw

Cover & Inner Graphic Design: Shijoy.P Advisory Panel Keezhanelloor Parameswaran Namboodiri Aryabhaskar Dr. R. Radhakrishna Varma Dr. Harish Chandra

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...................................................................................................................................................... Managing Editor K. Meera Rajesh Editor Vivek. D. Shenoy Deputy Editor Arun Prabakaran Editorial Co-ordinator P.T. Vipindas Arya

...................................................................................................................................................... HIRANYA IInd Floor, Sreekanteswara Complex, Mavoor Road, Calicut-4, Ph: 0495-2724700 www.hinduveda.org.,kvrfoundation@gmail.com

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Irjn

AXn-Po-h\ - Ø - ns‚ aqe-a{¥w I hn-π-h-Øn-s‚ Im-eØp-t]mepw Im-¿-jn-Ihr-Øn-bp-sS {]m-[m\yw Xp-S-¿∂p-t]m∂p. F- ∂ m- ¬ ]p- Ø - ≥ km- º Øn- I {I- a Øns‚ Cu B-[p\n-I Ime-Øv Ir-jn-bv-°v A-Xn-s‚ N-cn-{X-]-Y-Øn-¬ B-Zy-am-bn {]m[m\yw \-„-s∏´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ A-h-ÿ kw-Pm-X-am-bn-cn-°p∂p. tem-Iw sam-Ø-Øn-¬ `-£y-£m-a-Øn-te-°v t]m-bv-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibm-sW-∂ ap-∂-dn-bn-∏v im-kv{X-tem-Ihpw kmºØn-I hn-Z-Kv-≤cpw \-¬-Ip-tºmgpw B-fp-Iƒ Im-¿-jn-I-hr-Øn D-t]-£n®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ A-Xy-¥w Z-b-\o-bam-b Nn-{X-am-Wv Im-Wm\m-Ip-∂Xv. ]-´n-Wnbpw Zm-cn-{Zyhpw tem-I-Øns‚ ]-e `m-K-ß-fnepw X-I-¿-Øp-hm-gp-tºm-gpw Ir-jn-bn-S-ß-ƒ hy-h-km-b-ß-ƒ°pw \-K-c-h-¬-

kn.sI. kp-Pn-Xv-Ip-am-¿

am

\ - h - hnIm-k N-cn-{X-Øn¬ kp-{]-[m-\am-sbm-cp Nph-Sp-sh-∏m-bn-cp-∂p Im-¿-jnI- h r- Ø n- b p- s S hn- i njym ÿn- c w Ir- j n- b p- s S Bcw`w. A- h n- S p- ∂ - t ßm- ´ v temI-sØ {]-_-e-ßfm-b H-´p-an-°-hmdpw k-aq-l-ß-fpsS- b pw kw- k v - I r- X n- b p- s S bpw aq-e-ambpw Nm-e-I-i-‡n-bmbpw Ir-jn \nesIm≠p. Im-¿jn-I hr-Øn-bn-eq∂n-b sI´p-d-∏p-≈ kº-Zv hyh-ÿ Cu k-aq-l-ß-fpsS-sb-√mw {]-tXy-IX - b - m-bn-cp∂p. hym-hk - mbn-

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H-cn-°-¬ km-ºØn-I ta-¬-t°m-bv-a-bp-sSbpw A-`n-am-\-Øn-s‚bpw Nn-”-am-bn-cp∂ Ir-jn-sb tI-cfo-b k-aq-lw s]m-Xp-hn-epw, A-`y-kv-X-hn-Zy-¿ {]-tXy-In®pw ]p-—-tØm-sS ho-£n-°p∂p.

'' sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ Ir-jn-s®-e-hp-Ifpw Io-gv-t∏m´v t]m-bv-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂ D-¬-∏m-Z-\-hpw, X¬-^-e-am-bn \-„-Øn-te-°v Iq-∏p-IpØn-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂ Ir-jnbpw a-s‰m-cp `m-KØv. I-¿j-I-≥ Ir-jn-bn-¬ \n∂pw A-\y-h-¬-°-cn-°s∏-´n-cn-°p∂p. H-cn-°-¬ km-ºØn-I ta-¬t°m-bv-a-bp-sSbpw A-`n-am-\-Øn-s‚bpw Nn-”am-bn-cp-∂ Ir-jn-sb tI-cfo-b k-aq-lw s]mXp-hn-epw, A-`y-kv-X-hn-Zy-¿ {]-tXy-In®pw ]p—-tØm-sS ho-£n-°p∂p. Ir-jn-\-„-°-®-h-Sam-b-tXm-sS B-fp-I-ƒ Ir-jn-bn-S-ß-ƒ [m-cmf-am-bn X-cn-in-Sp∂p. \-K-c-h-¬-°-c-W-Øn\pw hnI-k-\ {]-h-¿-Ø-\-ß-ƒ°pw h-≥In-S dn-b¬ F-tÃ-‰v kw-cw-`-ß-ƒ-°p-am-bn h-b-ep-Ifpw

°-c-W-Øn\pw h-≥InS tIm-¿-∏-td-‰v kw-cw-`ß-ƒ°pw A-\p-_-‘ hnI-k-\ ]-≤-Xn-I-ƒ°p-am-bn h-≥-tXm-Xn-¬ ]-cn-h-¿Ø-\w sN-ø-s∏Sp-Ibpw sN-øp-∂p. C-¥ym-a-lm-cm-Py-Øn-s‚ h-¿-Øam-\ Ah-ÿ-bpw C-Xn-¬ \n∂pw h-epXm-sbm∂pw hn`n-∂a-√. tI-c-f-Øn-s‚ ÿn-Xn-bm-sW-¶n-¬ Gsd `-bm-\-I-hp-amWv. D-¬-∏m-Z-\ h-¿-≤-\-hn-s‚ t]-cn-¬ X-Xz-Zo-£-bn-√m-sX {]-tbm-Kn-°-s∏-´ cm-k-h-f-ß-fp-sSbpw cm-k-Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-fpsSbpw {]-Xym-Lm-X-am-bn A-an-X-am-bn timjWw kw-`-hn-® aÆpw B-hm-k-hy-h-ÿbpw Hcp `m-KØv. \n-b{- ¥-Wm-Xo-Xa - m-bn s]-cp-In-s°m≠n-cn-°p-∂ Io-S-ßfpw A-\p-Zn-\w h-¿-≤n®p-

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s\-¬-Irjn-tbm-Kyam-b N-Xp-∏p-{]-tZ-i-ß-fpw Im-b-¬ \n-e-ßfpw hym-]-I-am-bn \n-I-Ø-s∏Sp∂p, Ir-jn-bn-Sß - ƒ - h-≥t- Xm-Xn-¬ ]-cn-h¿ - Ø\w sN-ø-s∏-Sp∂p. I¿-j-I B-fl-l-Xy-I-ƒ s]-cp-In-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p. A¬-∏w ]-®-°-dnI-sf-¶nepw hn-f-bn-°m-≥ hn-ap-J-X-Im-Wn-°p∂ tI-c-fob-sc kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw `-£ykp-c£ - n-XX - z-sØ-°p-dn-®v Nn-¥n-°m≥ t]mepw B-Im-Ø ÿn-Xn-bmWv. Ir-jn-sbØ-s∂ am\-kn-I-am-bn D-t]-£n-®p-I-gn-™-h-cp-sS \m-´n¬ Ir-jn-bp-sS `m-hn X-s∂ tNm-Zy-Nn-”-ambn-I-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p.

F-¥m-Wv b-Ym-¿-∞ {]-Xnk‘n tI-cf-sØ kw-_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw Im-¿jn-I-cwK-sØ {]-Xnk-‘n F∂-Xv B-[p\nI cm-k-Ir-jn-bp-sSbpw hn-I-eam-b `q-]-cn-jvI-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw {]-Ir-Xn hn-cp-≤ hn-I-k-\Øn-s‚bpw Iq´m-b {]-Xn-k-‘n-bmWv. C-Xn¬ X-s∂ B-[p\n-I cm-k-Ir-jn-bp-sS X-\Xmb {]-iv-\-ß-ƒ X-s∂-bm-Wv ap-≥-]-¥n-bn-¬ \n¬-°p-∂Xv. F-¥m-Wv cm-kI - r-jn-bp-sS {]-iv\w. H-∂ma-Xm-bn A-Xn-s\ H-cp Ir-jn k-{º-Zm-b-sa-∂p t]mepw hn-ti-jn-∏n-°m-\m-In-√. bp-≤ß - f - psS, {]-tXy-In-®pw, c≠mw tem-I-a-lm-bp-≤-Øn-s‚ H-cp D-t]m-¬-∏-∂-am-bn-´m-Wv A-Xn-s\ hn-a-¿-iI-¿ \n-co-£n-°p-∂Xv. c-≠m-aX - m-bn AXn\v kz¥w ]n- X m- h p X- s ∂ X- ≈ n- ∏ - d - ™ H- c p Zp-chÿ Iq-Snbp≠v. B-[p\n-I cm-k-Ir-j-n°v A-Sn-ÿm-\-am-bn-Øo-¿-∂ F-≥.]n.sI. kn≤m¥w (NPK Theory; N-Nitrogen, PPhosphorous, K. Potash) B-hn-jv-°-cn-®-Xv

16˛mw \q-‰m-≠n-¬ eo-_n-Kv F-∂ c-k-X-{¥⁄-\mWv. ]n-¬-°me-Øv eo-_n-Kv Xs‚ kz¥w kn-≤m-¥-sØ X-≈n-∏-d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn.* aq-∂m-a-Xm-bn \n-e-\n-¬-∏p≈ (Sustainable)Hcp k-{º-Zm-b-a-√ AXv. {]-tXy-In®pw D-jv-Wta-J-e-bn-¬. D-jv-W-ta-J-e-bn-¬ F-hn-sS-bpw 20˛30 h-¿-j-Øn-¬ Iq-Sp-X-¬ {]-iv-\-c-ln-X-ambn \n-e-\n-¬-°m-≥ cm-k-Ir-jn-°mbn F-∂-XmWv A-\p-`hw. Xp-S-°-Øn-se D-¬-∏m-Z-\ h-¿≤\-hv ]-Sn-]-Sn-bm-bn IpØ-s\ C-Sn-bp-I-bmbn-cp∂p. a-Æn-¬ Im-e-ß-fm-bn A-Sn-™p-IqSnb ssP-hmwiw (Organic matter) D-]-tbmKn-®p Xo-cm-≥ F-Sp-°p-∂ k-a-bw am-{X-am-Wv b-Ym-¿∞ - Ø - n-¬ cm-kI - r-jn-bp-sS B-bp v. As√-¶n-¬ \-in-® C-Sw D-t]-£n-®p-I-f-bm-≥ A{Xbpw [m-cm-f-am-bn `q-an th-Ww. 1960˛I-fpsS A-¥y-tØm-sS-bm-Wv tI-c-f-Øn-¬ cm-kIr-jn l-cn-X-hn-π-h-Øn-s‚ cq-]-Øn-¬ ]-cn-Nb-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXv. F-¨-]-Xp-I-ƒ B-b-t∏m-ƒ X-s∂ A-Xn-s‚ {]-Xym-Lm-X-ßfpw A-\p-`-hs∏-Sm-≥ Xp-S-ßn.

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F-¥m-Wv cmk-Ir-jn-bpsS {]-iv\w. H-∂m-aX - m-bn A-Xn-s\ H-cp Ir-jn k-{ºZm-bs - a-∂p t]mepw hnti-jn-∏n-°m\m-In-√. bp≤-ßf - psS, {]-tXy-In®pw, c≠mw tem-Ia - l - mbp-≤Ø - n-s‚ H-cp D-t]m-¬∏-∂a - m-bn-´mWv A-Xn-s\ hn-a¿ - i - I - ¿ \n-co-£n-°p∂Xv.

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*a-c-W-Øn-\p ap-ºm-bn eo-_n-Kv sNbv-X Ip-º-km-cw e-`y-amWv.

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cm-k-Ir-jn-bp-am-bn ap-t∂m´p-t]m-Im-≥ F¥p-sIm-≠v \-ap-°m-In√! \mw B-{K-ln-®mepw cm-k-Ir-jn-bp-am-bn ap-t∂m´p-t]mhp-I F∂-Xv G-sd hnj-aw ]nSn-® kw-K-Xn-bmWv. Cu ]-d-™-Xn-s‚ s]mcp-ƒ F-¥m-sW-∂v hy-‡-am°mw. t\c-sØ kq-Nn-∏n-®Xp-t]m-se B-[p\n-I cm-k Ir-jn k-{º-Zm-bw A-Sn-ÿm-\-]-c-am-bn \n-e-\n-¬-∏n√m-Ø-XmWv (non-sustainable) D-¬-∏m-Z-\-h-¿Z-[-\-sh-∂ e-£y-sØ am{Xw Du-∂p-tºm-ƒ A-Xv a-Æn-s‚bpw ]-cn-ÿn-Xn-bp-sSbpw Btcm-Ky-sØ A-h-K-Wn-°p∂p. Cu k-ao-]-\Øn-s‚ A-\n-hm-cyam-b ^-ew `q-an-bp-sS timj-Whpw ]-cn-ÿn-Xn-bp-sS \m-i-hp-amWv. ]-cnÿn-Xn-sb A-h-K-Wn®p-sIm-≠p-≈ H-cp kwhn-[m-\-sØbpw {]-Ir-Xn Zo-¿-L-\m-ƒ \-n-e-\n¿-Øp-I-bn√. B-[p\n-I Ir-jn-bp-sS A-Sn-ÿm-\-am-bn {]-h-¿-Øn-°p∂-Xv Ir-{Xn-a h-fß-ƒ, Io-S-\min-\n-Iƒ t]m-ep-≈ cm-k-]-Zm-¿-∞-ßfpw cmk-hf-ß-tfm-Sv F-fp-∏w {]-Xn-I-cn-°p-∂ k-¶cC-\w hn-Øp-I-fp-amWv. cm-k-I-Spw-Ir-jn-bn-¬ Ir-{Xn-a cm-k-h-f-ß-ƒ h-en-b A-f-hn-¬ D-]tbm-Kn-t°-≠n h-cpw. D-¬-∏m-Z-\-Øn-¬ Xp-S-°Øn-¬ Im-Wn-°p-∂ D-W¿-hv Xm-a-kn-bm-sX Ip-d-bm-≥ Xp-S-ßpw. D-¬-∏mZ-\w \n-e-\n-¿-Øp∂-Xn-\v A-h-ti-jn-°p∂ t]mwh-gn cm-k-h-fØn-s‚ Af-hv Iq-´p-I-bmWv. h-≥-tXm-Xn-ep≈ cm- k - h - f {]- t bm- K w a- Æ n- s ‚ `u- X nI˛cmk˛ssP-h kz-`m-h-ß-fn-¬ Kp-cp-X-cam-b {]-Xym-Lm-X-ß-ƒ kr-„n-°p-Ibpw a-Æn-se kq£v-a Po-hn-I-fp-ƒs∏-sS-bp-≈ A-kwJyw Po-h-Pm-e-ß-sf D-≥-aqe-\w sN-øp-Ibpw H-Sp-

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hn-¬ a-Æv h-‘o-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂, ar-X-am-Ip-∂ A-h-ÿ-bn-te-°v F-Øp-Ibpw sN-øpw. Ir-jn k-{º-Zm-bw am-‰p-I-b-√msX Cu Zp-c-h-ÿ-bv°v ]-cn-lm-c-sam-∂p-an-√. a-Æn-s‚ D-¬-∏m-Z-\£-a-X A-Xn-s‚ Btcm-Ky-hp-am-bn-_‘ - s - ∏-´n-cn-°p∂p. a-Æn-s‚ Btcm-Ky-am-sW-¶n-¬ A-Xn-eS- ß - n-bn-cn-°p∂ ssPh-]-Zm-¿-∞-ß-fpsS (organic matter content) A-f-hn-s\ B-{i-bn-®m-Wn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ir-jn aÆpI-sf kw-_‘ - n-®n-St- Øm-fw A-hb - ne-Sß - nbn-cn-°p∂ ssP-hmw-i-Øn-\v A-h-bp-sS `u-XnI˛cmk˛ssP-h-Kp-W-ß-fn-¬ i-‡am-b kzm[o-\-ap≠v. ]-Xn-hm-bn ssP-hmw-i-Øm¬ t]mjn-∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂ a-Æp-If - n-te ÿm-bnbm-b Irjn km-≤y-amIq. hnhn-[ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ kkyt]m-jI - ß - f - p-sS kw-`c - W - n-bm-bn {]-h¿ - Ø - n-°p∂-tXm-sSm-∏w ssP-h-]-Zm-¿-∞-ß-ƒ AY-hm ssP-hmw-iw a-Æn-s‚ L-S-\sb (texture and structure) sa-®-s∏-Sp-Øp-Ibpw a-Æn-se Poh-Pm-e-ß-fp-sS {]-h-¿-Ø\-sØ Xz-cn-X-s∏-SpØp-Ibpw a-g-sh-≈-Øn-¬ A-en-™p≈ t]mj-I-ß-fp-sS \„w (leaching) H-gn-hm-°p-Ibpw IoS-ß-tfmSpw tcmK-ß-tfm-Sp-ap-≈ hn-f k-kyß-fp-sS kzm-`mhn-I {]Xn-tcm-[-ti-jn-sb h-¿≤n-∏n-°p-I-bpw sN-øpw. {]m-tZin-I km-l-N-cy-ß-tfm-Sv C-W-ßp∂ \m-S-≥ C-\ß-sf ]p-dwX-≈n tem-eam-b P-\n-XI - A-Sn-Ød - b - p-≈ hn-fb - n-\ß - ƒ - B-[p\nI Ir-jn-bn-¬ D-]-tbm-Kn-°p∂p. {]Xn-tcm-[ ti-jn Ipd-™ Cu k-¶-c C-\w hn-Øp-I-ƒ F-fp-∏Ø - n-¬ IoS˛tcm-Km-{I-aW - ß - ƒ-°v hn-t[b- a m- I p∂p. C- X v am- c - I - h n- j - a p- ≈ cm- k IoS˛tcm-K-\m-in-\n-I-fp-sS h-¿-≤n-® D-]-tbm-KØn-\v C-S-h-cp-Øp∂p. cm-k Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-fpsS Xp-S-¿®bm-b D-]-tbm-Kw Io-Sß-ƒ Io-S\m-in-\n-s°-Xn-sc {]-Xn-tcm-[w t\-Sp-∂-Xn-\v CS-bm-°p∂p. A-Xy-¥w B-]-¬-°-cam-b ÿnXn hn-ti-j-am-WnXv. {]Xn-tcm-[-ti-jn t\Snb Io-Sß-sf \n-b-{¥n-°m-≥ Iq-Sn-b A-f-hn-¬ Iq-Sp-X-¬ am-c-Iam-b Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-ƒ D-]-tbmKn-°p-I am-{X-ta \n-hr-Øn-bp≈q. ct≠m aqt∂m h¿-jw sIm-≠v hocyw IqSn-b ]pXn-b Io-S-\m-in-\n-s°-Xn-scbpw Io-S-ß-ƒ {]Xn-tcm[w t\-Spw. Io-S-\m-in-\n-bp-sS ho-cyhpw Afhpw -Iq-´n-s°m-≠n-cn°p-I am-{X-am-Wv A-h-tijn-°p-∂ am-¿§w. G-sXm-cp cm-k Io-S-\m-in\n-s°-Xn-scbpw G-Xm\pw X-e-ap-d-Iƒ sIm≠v Io-S-Po-hn-I-ƒ {]Xn-tcm-[w t\-Sp-sa-∂-Xn\m-¬ Io-S-\m-in-\n D-]-tbm-Kn®p-sIm-≠p-≈ Cu bp-≤-Øn-¬ \m-sam-cn-°epw P-bn-°m≥ t]m-Ip-∂n-√ F-∂-Xm-Wv bm-Ym-¿-∞yw. C-Xv Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-sf-∂ hn-j-Øn-s‚ hn-j-a-hr-ØamWv. Ir-jn kp-lr-Øp-°fm-b an-{X-Po-hn-Ifp-sS AY-hm an-{X-Io-S-ß-fp-sS hw-i-l-Xy-bmWv Io-S-\m-in-\n {]-tbm-K-Øn-s‚ a-s‰m-cp Zp-

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a-Æn-s‚ D¬-∏m-Z\ - £a-X A-Xns‚ B-tcmKy-hp-am-bn_-‘s - ∏-´ncn-°p∂p. aÆn-s‚ Btcm-Ky-amsW-¶n-¬ A-Xn-eS- ß - nbn-cn-°p∂ ssP-h] - Z- m-¿∞-ßf - psS A-f-hn-s\ B-{i-bn-®mWn-cn-°p∂Xv.

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c¥w. A-Xn-am-c-Iam-b B-tcm-Ky-{]-iv-\-ß-ƒ kr-„n-°p-∂ IoS˛tcm-K-\m-in-\n-I-ƒ X-Øz-Zo£-bn-√m-sX D-]-tbm-Kn®p-sIm-≠v hn-f-bn-s®Sp-°p-∂ `£-Ww I-gn-°p-∂ \-Ωp-sS A-hÿ-sb-°p-dn-®v H-∂v Nn-¥n-®p-t\m°q. Cu amc-I-hn-j-ß-ƒ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn-bn-ep-≠m-°p-∂ Xn‡ ^-e-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw B-tem-Nn®p-t\m°q. A-h Pe-t{km-X- p-I-fn-se-Øn Ip-Sn-sh-≈w hn-j-en-]v-X-am-°p-∂ A-h-ÿ-sb-°p-dn®pw Hm¿-°p∂-Xv \∂v. Ir-jn c-£-bv-s°-∂ t]-cn-¬ \mw D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂ hn-j-ß-fp-sS A-h-in-„ß-ƒ `-£-W-Øn-eq-sSbpw Ip-Sn-sh-≈-Øn-eqsSbpw \- Ω p- s S i- c o- c - Ø n- t e- ° p X- s ∂ FØpw F-∂-Xn-s\-°p-dn-®v C-h-bp-sS {]-tbm‡m-°tfm \mw Xs∂tbm th-h-em-Xn-s∏-Smdn-√. A-ß-s\-bm-Wv ]-c-a-]-hn-{X-am-bn I-cp-Xp∂ ap-e-∏m-en¬ t]mepw Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-fp-sS A-h-in-„ hn-jmw-iw F-Øn-t®-cp-∂Xv. a-s‰m∂v, F-√m cm-k-h-f-ßfpw cm-k-IoS-\m-in-\n-Ifpw s]-t{Sm-fn-bw D-t]m-¬-∏-∂-ßfmWv. s]-t{Sm-fn-bw A-Xn-th-K-Øn-¬ Xo-¿∂psIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂ H-cp {]-Ir-Xn-hn-`h - a - mWv. C∂sØ D-]t- bm-K\ - n-c° - n-¬ G-Xm\pw ]-Xn-‰m-≠pI-ƒ-Iq-Sn am-{X-ta `q-an-bn-se s]-t{Sm-fn-bw \nt£-]-ß-ƒ A-h-ti-jn-°p-I-bp-≈q F-∂m-Wv hn-Z-Kv-≤-¿ ]-d-bp∂-Xv. C-t∏m-ƒ X-s∂ s]-t{Smfn-b-Øn-\v s]m-≈p-∂ hn-e-bmWv. \n-t£-]w Ip-d™ p-hc - p-∂X - n-\\ - p-kc - n-®v hn-e I-bd - n-s°mt≠-bn-cn°pw F∂-Xv \n-›-b-amWv. kzm-`m-hnI-ambpw s]-t{Sm-fn-bw D-t]m-¬-∏-∂-ßfm-b cmk-h-f-ß-ƒ°pw Io-S-\m-in-\n-I-ƒ°pw hn-e IpØ-s\ D-b-cpw. C-t∏mƒ t]mepw Cu cmk D-¬-∏-∂-ß-fp-sS hn-e ]n-Sn-®p-\n-¿-Øp∂-Xv k-¿-°m-¿ h-≥-tXm-Xn-¬ k-_v-kn-Un-I-ƒ A\p-h-Zn-®n-´mWv. WTO, GATT t]m-ep-≈ A¥m-cm-{„ I-cm-dp-I-fn-¬ \-Ωp-sS cm-{„hpw H-

Unkw-_¿ 09


∏p-sh-®n-´p-≈-Xn-\m-¬ CØ-cw k-_v-kn-Un-Iƒ A-[n-Iw \m-ƒ Xp-S-cm-\p-am-In-√. e-fn-X-ambn ]-d-™m-¬ B-{K-ln-®mepw B-[p\n-I cmk-Ir-jn-bp-sS `m-cn-® sNe-hv `m-hn-bn-¬ Xmßm-\m-In√. h-b-dn-s‚ {]-iv-\-am-bXp-sIm≠pw Ip-£n]q-cW - Ø - n-\v Ir-jn-b√ - m-sX F-fp-∏h - g - n-Iƒ - C√m-ØXp-sIm≠pw km-º-Øn-I-ambpw ]m-cnÿn-Xn-I-ambpw ÿm-bn-bmb (economically and ecologically sustainable) k-{º-Zm-b-ßfn-te-°v Np-h-Sp-am-dn-tb a-Xn-bmIq. A-Xm-sW¶n-¬ {]m-tZ-in-Ia - m-bn e-`yam-b \n-t£-]ß - fpw \m-S-≥ ssh-Z-Kv-≤yhpw D-]-tbm-Kn-®v sN-øm-≥ I-gn-bp-∂Xpw sNe-hp Ip-d-™Xpw a-Æn\pw ]-cn-ÿn-Xn-bv°pw tZm-j-an-√m-ØXpw AY-hm lnw-k- ]-c-amh-[n Ip-d-™Xpw D-¬-∏m-Z-\-£a-Xb - p-≈X - p-am-bn-cn-°Ww. F-∂m-¬ A-ßns\sbm-cp kw-hn-[m-\-ap-t≠m? D-s≠-¶n-¬Ø-s∂ A-Xn-te-°v Np-h-Sp-am-dm-≥ \-ap-°mIp-tam? B-[p\n-I cm-k-Ir-jn-bp-sS B-kp-c-Xbv°pw lnw-km-flI - X - b - v°pw cq-Va - q-eam-b AXn-‚ F-√m {]-iv-\-ß-ƒ°pw _-Z-em-bn C-∂v tem-Iw ap-gp-h-≥ A-h-X-cn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂-Xv 'Organic farming' F-∂v s]m-Xp-hm-bn A-dnb-s∏-Sp-∂ hn-hn-[-X-c-Øn-ep≈ ssP-h Ir-jn k-{º-Zm-b-ß-fmWv. C-Xn-¬ lnw-k G-‰hpw Ip-d-™ {]-Ir-Xn Irjn (natural farming) apX-¬ s]¿-am I-ƒ®-¿, _tbm C-‚-≥-ko-hv ^manMv, _tbm ssU-\m-an-Iv ^m-anßv, kotdm _-UvP-‰v ^m-anMv, C-t°m-f-Pn-°-¬ ^m-anwKv, Xp-S-ßn-b-hbpw Iq-Sm-sX ]-e-X-c-Øn-ep-≈ ]c-º-cm-K-X Ir-jn k-{º-Zm-b-ßfpw D-ƒ-s∏-Sp∂p.

""

F-√m cm-kh-f-ßfpw cm-kI - o-S\ - min-\n-Ifpw s]-t{Sm-fnbw D-t]m-¬∏-∂-ßfmWv. s]t{Sm-fn-bw A-Xn-th-KØn-¬ Xo¿∂p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂ H-cp {]-IrXn-hn-`-hamWv.

''

A-lnw-km-fl-I Ir-jn-bp-sS {]k‡n Ir-jn Xn-I®pw H-cp am-\pjn-I hym-]m-camWv. a-\pjy-scm-gn-sI a-s‰m-cp Po-hnbpw Irjn sN-øm-dn-√. AXp-sIm-≠p Ir-jn {]-Ir-Xnhn-cp-≤am-b ]-cn-]m-Sn-bm-bn hn-h-£n-®p-Im-Wmdp≠v. Ir-jn-bn-se {]-Ir-Xn-hn-cp-≤-X F-{X I≠v Ip-d-bv°mw F-∂p-≈-Xn-\m-Wv {]m-[m\yw

sIm-Sp-t°-≠Xv. F-{X X-s∂ {]-Ir-Xn kulm-¿-≤-]-c-am-bn sN-bv-Xmepw G-sX-¶nepw Xc-Øn-ep-≈ lnw-k- Ir-jn-bn-¬ D-≠m-Im-sX X-c-an-√. G-‰hpw Ip-d™Xv Cu lnw-k H-gnhm°p-I km-≤y-hpa-√. A-s√-¶n-¬ Ir-jn sNøm-sX-bn-cn-°Ww. A-Xv {]m-tbm-Kn-Ia-√, Bfl-l-Xym-]-c-hp-amWv. A-Xn-Po-h-\Øn-\v Irjn sN-øm-sX a-‰p h-gn-bn-√. \mw F-Xn-¿t- °≠Xv Ir-jn-sbb-√. \q-dp i-X-am-\hpw lnw-kmfl-Iam-b cm-k-Ir-jn-sb-t∏m-ep-≈ k-{º-Zmb-ß-sf-bmWv. F-¥m-Wv Ir-jn-bnse Cu lnw-k? Npcp-°n hn-h-cn-°m-≥ {i-an-°mw. \mw Ir-jn sNøp∂-Xv A-s√-¶n-¬ hn-fI - ƒ - \-´p ]n-Sn-∏n-°p∂Xv a-Æn-emWv. Ip-d-®p-Iq-Sn hn-im-eam-b A-¿∞-Øn-¬ G-sX-¶nep-sam-cp ssP-h Bhm-k hy-h-ÿ-bn-emWv. a-Æn-s‚ Imcyw am-{X-sa-Sp°mw. a-Æv kz-bw ]-cym-]vX - a - m-b, k-¶o-¿W - amsbm-cp ssP-h hyq-l-amWv. a-Æn¬ tIm-Sm\ptIm-Sn Po-h-Pm-e-ß-ƒ ]m-¿-°p-∂p≠v. A-h-bn¬ k-ky-ßf - p≠v. P-¥p-°f - p≠v. \-·t- \-{Xßsf sIm-≠v Im-Wm-≥ I-gn-bp-∂ a-Æn-cI-ƒ, Nn-Xe - p-Iƒ t]m-ep-≈h - ap-X¬ - \-·t- \-{X-߃°v A-tKm-N-cam-b _m-Œo-cn-b-Ifpw ^w-K-kpIfpw t]m-ep-≈ kq-£v-a-Po-hn-I-fpw C-h-bn-¬ D-ƒ-s∏-Sp∂p. a-Æv ]-e A-S-cp-I-fn-em-bn-´m-Wv cq-]-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂Xv. Cu Hmtcm A-S-cnepw Hmtcm X-cw kq-£v-a-Po-hn-I-fm-Wv D-≠m-hp-I. H-cp A-S-cn-¬ P-o-hn-°p-∂ ]-e kq-£v-a-Po-hnI-ƒ°pw a-s‰m-cp A-S-cn-¬ ]p-e-cm-\m-In-√. \∂m-sbm-∂v Inf-®p a-dn-®n-´m-¬ X-s∂ aXn, A-h-bn-¬ ]-e-Xn-s‚bpw \m-iw kw-`-hn-°m≥. A-t∏m-ƒ ]n-s∂ B-h-¿-Øn-®p-≈ a-Æn-f°epw I-Sp-Ø cm-k-h-f˛cm-k-hn-j{]-tbm-Khp-ap-≈ a-Æp-I-fp-sS Ah-ÿ-sbm-∂p Nn¥n®p-t\m°q. a-Æv kq-cy-{]-Im-i-Øn-¬ Xp-d∂p-h-bv-°p-tºm-gpw, a-Æn-¬ Xo-bn-´v Np-Sptºmgpw a-Æn-¬ sh-≈w sI-´n-\n-¿-Øp-tºmgpw Hs° Cu \m-iw kw-`-hn-°p∂p. a-Æns‚ Imcyw am-{X-ta ]-d-™p-I-gn-™n-´p≈q. sam-Øw B-hm-k-hy-h-ÿbpw F-Sp-Øv hn-iIe-\w sN-bv-Xm-¬ lnw-k-bp-sS hym-]v-Xn ]ns∂-bpw- h-¿-≤n-°pw. aÆpw B-hm-k-hy-h-ÿbpw kw-c-£n®psIm-t≠ \n-e-\n-¬-∏p-≈ Ir-jn km-≤y-amIq. A-Xn-\v Ir-jn-bn-se lnw-k ]-c-amh-[n Ip-dbvt- °-≠X - p≠v. ssP-hI - r-jn ap-t∂m-´p-hb - v° - p∂ km-≤y-Xbpw A-Xm-Wv.

a-Æv {]-[m-\-amWv Po-h-≥ Xp-Sn-°p-∂ ^-e-]p-„am-b a-Æv G-sXm-cp Ir-jn-bp-sSbpw A-Sn-ÿm-\-am-Wv. \-√ a-Æn-te \-√ Ir-jn km-≤y-amIq. ImcWw k-ky-ß-ƒ `£-Ww kzo-I-cn-°p∂-Xv aÆn-¬ \n-∂mWv. A-Xv B-tcm-Ky-ap-≈-Xm-bn-cn°Ww. a-Æv kz-bw ]p-„-n-s∏-Sm-≥ I-gn-hp-≈ lncWy

8

Unkw-_¿ 09


H-cp kw-hn-[m-\-amWv. t]m-j-I-ß-ƒ H-cp ]-cn[n h-sc a-Æn-¬ X-s∂ D-¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp∂p. C-Xv km-≤y-am-°p∂-Xv k-ky-ßfpw P-¥p°fpw D-ƒ-s∏-´ a-Æn-se Po-hn-k-aq-l-amWv. aÆn-\v kz-bw C-f-°-ap-≈-Xm-bn-cn-°m-≥ km-[n°pw. a-Æn-\v C-f-°-ap-≠mhp-I F-∂p-sh-®m¬ [m-cm-f-am-bn kp-jn-c-ß-fp-≠m-hp-I, hm-bpk-©m-c-ap-≠mhp-I F-∂mWv. hm-bp-k-©m-cap-≈ a-Æn-¬ th≠{X Hm-Iv-kn-P-≥ D-≠m-bncn-°pw. Hm-Iv-kn-P-≥ k-ar-≤n-bm-bp-≈ a-Æn-¬ kq-£v-a-Pohn-IfpsS _m-lp-ey-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cn°p-Ibpw sN-øpw. aÆn-\v kzm-`m-hn-Iam-b Cf-°-ap-≠m-°p-∂Xpw a-Æn-se Po-h-k-aq-lw Xs∂. kzm-`m-hn-I-am-bn C-f-°-ap-≈, hm-bp-k©m-c-ap-≈ a-Æn-\v kz-bw ]p-„n-s∏Sp-I F∂Xv F-fp-∏-ap-≈ Im-cy-amWv. Imc-Ww AØ-cw a-Æn¬ t]m-j-I-ß-ƒ AY-hm aq-e-I-ß-ƒ D¬-∏m-Zn-∏n-°p-∂ _m-Œo-cn-b-Ifpw G-ItZ-i Pohn-Ifpw [m-cm-f-am-bn D-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. k-kyß-fp-sS th-cp-]-S-e-ß-fp-sS sh-≈-hpw h-fhpw h-en-s®-Sp-°m-\p-≈ ti-jn h-¿-≤n-∏n-°p-Ibpw ]m-d-I-fn-¬ A-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂ aq-e-Iß-sf Aen-bn®p-sIm-Sp-°m-≥ k-lm-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ ssa-t°m-ssd-k-sb (Micorhiza) t]mep-≈ Po-hn-If - p-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. k-ky-ßf - p-sS th-cpI-sf B-{I-an-°p∂ tZm-jI - m-cn-Ifm-b Ipan- f p- I - f n- ¬ \n- ∂ v kw- c £- W w \- ¬ - I p∂ ss{St°m-sU¿a (Trichoderma)t]m-ep-≈ an{X- I p- a n- f p- I fpw kyq- t Um- t am- t Wm- k ns\ (Pseudomonas) t]m-ep-≈ _m-Œo-cn-bI - fpw kar-≤n-bm-bn D-≠m-bn-cn-°pw. a-Æns‚ Cu kzm-`m-hn-Iam-b ]p-„n-s∏-Sen-s\-bm-Wv cm-kI - r-jn Xm-dp-am-dm-°p-∂Xv. ]Icw t]m-j-I-ß-sf√mw Ir-{Xn-a-am-bn ]p-d-Øp\n-∂v tIm-cn-s®m-cn-bp∂p. C-h a-Æn-s\ \-in∏n-°p-Ibpw sN-øp∂p. a-Æn-se kzm-`mhn-I {]-{In-b-I-ƒ ]-c-am-h-[n-bm-°-W-sa-¶n-¬ a-Æn¬ G-‰hpw Ipd-®v C-S-s]Sp-I F-∂-Xm-bn-cn°Ww Im-gv-N-∏m-Sv. F√mw C´p-sIm-Sp°p-I F∂ co-Xn H-gn-hm-°n a-Æn-s\ kz-bw ]p-„-n-s∏Sm-≥ A-\p-h-Zn-®v t]m-cmØ-Xv am{Xw ]p-d-Øp\n-∂v \-¬Ip-I F-∂-Xm-bn-cn°-Ww \n-e-]mSv. A-t∏m-ƒ lnw-k ]-cn-an-X-s∏-Sp-Øm-≥-km-[n°pw. ssP-h-Ir-jn k-{º-Zm-b-ß-fp-sS ASnÿm-\ Z-¿i-\w C-Xm-Wv.

]m-c-º-cy-Øn-¬ \n∂v Du¿-÷w kzo-Icn°p-I C-Xph-sc ]-d-™-sX√mw i-cn-bm-bn-cn°mw, ]-t£ C-sX-√mw {]m-tbm-Kn-IamtWm F-∂v kw-i-bn-°p-∂-hcpw D-≠m-Imw. \-Ωp-sS ]-c-º-cm-K-X Ir-jnbpw ssP-h-k-{º-Zm-b-am-bncp-∂-t√m. ]-g-©-\m-bXp-sIm≠pw th≠-{X D¬-∏mZ-\w e-`n-°m-ØXp-sIm-≠pa-t√ \mw AXn-s\ D-t]-£n-®v Iq-Sp-X-¬ em-`-I-cam-b cm-

BdSnbne-[n-Iw s]m°-ap≈ s\¬s®Sn

""

a-Æns‚ Cu kzm-`mhn-Iam-b ]p„n-s∏-Se - ns\-bm-Wv cmk-Ir-jn Xmdp-am-dm-°p∂Xv. ]I-cw t]m-jI - ß - sf√mw Ir{Xn-aa - m-bn ]p-d-Øp-\n∂v tIm-cns®m-cnbp∂p. C-h a-Æn-s\ \in-∏n-°pIbpw sNøp∂p.

lncWy

'' 99

k-Ir-jn-bn-te-°v am-dnb-Xv F∂pw hm-Zn-°p∂-h-cp-≠m-Imw. Xo-¿-®-bmbpw C-Xn-\v DØcw ]-d-tb-≠-Xp≠v. cm-k-Ir-jn-bn-se D-¬-∏m-Z-\ h-¿-≤\-hv £-Wn-I-am-sW∂pw \n-e-\n-¬-∏p-≈-X-s√∂pw \mw I-≠p-I-gn™p. ]-c-º-cm-K-X-Ir-jn D-¬∏m-Z-\-£-a-a-s√-∂ hm-Zw h-kv-Xp-X-Iƒ-°v \nc-°m-Ø-XmWv. \mw Xm-c-X-ay-Øn-s\-Sp-°p∂Xv {_n-´o-jv `c-Ww B-kq-{Xn-X-am-bn ap-®qSpw \-in-∏n-®p-I-gn-™ ti-j-ap-≈ `mc-XØn-se ]-c-º-cm-K-X Ir-jn-bp-sS D-¬-∏m-Z-\-£-a-XbmWv. C-X-√ b-Ym-¿-∞-Øn-¬ `m-c-Xo-b Im¿jn-I ]m-c-º-cy-Øn-s‚ I-cpØv. A-dn-hn-s‚ A-hkm-\ hm-°m-bn- th-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw AXoh [n-j-Wm-in-en-I-fm-bn-cp-∂ E-jn-I-fp-sS \mSm-Wv CXv. C-hn-Sp-sØ Im-¿jn-I ]m-cº - c - yhpw H-cn-°epw tam-i-am-bn-cn-°m-≥ H-cp h-gn-bp-an√. tc-Js - ∏-Sp-Øs - ∏-´ sX-fn-hp-Iƒ - X-s∂-bp≠t√m th-Z-Im-e-tØ-s°m∂pw t]m-tI-≠. `mc-XØn-se ]-Xn-s\´mw \q-‰m-≠n-se Im-¿jnI D-¬-∏m-Z\-sØ kw-_-‘n-® Nn-e hn-h-cß-ƒ Im-WpI. {_n-´o-jp-Im-cp-sS B-[n-]-Xy-Øn\pw apºv C-S-Ø-cw \n-e-ß-fn-se tKm-X-ºp-¬-∏m-Z\£-a-X lcn-X hnπ-hw ]-cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bXn-\p-ti-j-ap-≈ D-b-¿-∂ hn-fhn-t\m-Sv In-S-]nSn-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v A-bv-\n˛A-Iv-_cn (Aini-Akbari) tc-J-I-ƒ Im-Wn-°p∂p. tNmf-≥-am-cp-sS Im-esØ (F.Un. 10˛mw \q-‰m≠p ap-X¬ 13˛mw \q-‰m-≠p-hsc) in-em-enJnX tc-JI-sf B-kv] - Z- a - m°n 'tIw-{_n-UvP - v lnÃdn Hm-^v C¥y' X-an-gv-\m-´n-se sX-t° B¿-t°m-´v Pn-√-bn-se hnhn-[ X-c-Øn-ep-≈ Irjn-bn-S-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v sl-Œ-dn-\v i-cm-i-cn 33

Unkw-_¿ 09


Izn-‚e - pw, Xm-cX - t- ay-\ ^-e`- q-bn-jT v- a - √ - m-Ø cma-\m-Sv Pn-√-bn-se G-‰hpw \-√ \n-e-ß-fn-¬ \n∂v sl-Œ-dn-\v 66 Izn-≥-¬ h-scbpw s\-√p-¬∏mZ-\w \-S-∂n-cp-∂p-sh-∂v I-W-°m-°p-∂p. 19˛mw \q-‰m-≠n-s‚ Xp-S-°-Øn-¬ A-e-lm-_mZn-se tKm-X-ºp-¬-∏mZ-\w sl-Œ-dn-\v 40 Izn-‚¬ B-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v H-cp \n-co-£-I-≥ dn-t∏m¿-´p sN-øp-∂p. 1800˛¬ tIm-b-º-Øq-cn-¬ slŒ-dn-\v 35 Izn-‚-¬ s\-√p-¬-∏mZ-\w D-≠m-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂v {^m-≥k - n-kv _p-°m-\\pw ]-db - p-∂p≠v. 1807˛¬ tIm-b-º-Øq-cn-se Xm-cX-tay-\ sa-®-s∏-´ h-b-ep-I-fn-¬ \n-∂v sl-Œ-dn-\v 60 Izn-‚-¬ s\-√p-¬-∏mZ-\w \-S-∂n-cp-∂-Xmbn 'a{Zm-kv {]-kn-U≥-kn t_m¿Uv Hm-^v d-h\yq'hnse tPm¨ tlm- K v - k - ≥ I- W - ° m- ° p- ∂ p. 1804˛¬ {]-kn-≤o-I-cn-® 'F-Un≥-_tdm dn-hyq' ]-d-bp∂p. Cw-•-≠n-¬ A-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-s‚ aq-∂v aS-ßv D-¬-∏mZ-\w C-¥y-bn-¬ \-S-∂n-cp∂p-sh∂v. C-¥y-bn-se Ir-jn-sØm-gn-em-fn-Ifp-sS Iq-en-\nc-°v Cw-•-≠n-se Ir-jn-sØm-gnem-fn-I-sf-°m-ƒ G-sd sa-®-s∏-´-Xm-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw F-Un≥-_tdm dnhyq hn-e-bn-cp-Øp∂p≠v. C-\n-bp-ap-≠v [m-cm-fw Zr-„m-¥ß-ƒ. hn-kv-Xm-c`-bw sIm-≠v X-¬-°m-ew A-Xn-\v apXn-cp-∂n-√. Hmtcm hn-fb - n-ep-ap-≈ A-]m-cam-b hnØpssh-hn-[y-am-Wv C-¥y-≥ Im-¿jn-I ta-J-e-bpsS X-\Xm-b {]-tXyI-X. C-h-bn-¬ Ip-sd-sbÆw hnf-hp Ip-d-™-h-bm-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. AtX-ka-bw ap¥n-b hnf-hp X-cp-∂-hbpw [mcm-f-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂p. s\-√n-s‚ Imcyw X-s∂ F-Sp-°p-I. e-£°-W-°n-\v \m-S-≥ s\-¬-hnØp-I-fm-Wv D-≠m-bn-cp∂Xv. Cu e-£-°W°n-\v s\-¬-hn-Øp-I-fn-¬ Ip-d™-Xv B-bn-cw F-Æ-sa-¶nepw D-¬-∏m-Z-\-ti-jn Iq-Sn-b-h-bmbn-cp-∂n-cn-°Ww. ]-t£ ]-Sn-™m-d-≥ sSIvt\m-fP - n-bp-sS a-b° - Ø - n-¬ \-s√m-cp Xn-cs - ™Sp-∏p t]mepw \-S-Øm-≥ \mw an-\-s°-´n-√. kzm-X-{¥ym-\¥-cw C-¥y-bn-se \m-S-≥ tPwπm-khpw X-t±io-b km-t¶Xn-I hn-Zy-Ifpw D-]t- bm-Kn-®v s\-√p-¬∏ - mZ-\w h-¿≤ - n-∏n-®v `-£ykz-bw ]-cym-]vX - n t\-Sm-≥ A-£o-Ww b-Xv\ - n® tUm. B-¿.F®v. dn-®m-dnsb-t]m-ep-≈ {]-K-¤a-Xn-Ifm-b Im-¿jn-I im-kv-{X-⁄-cp-sS K-thj-W kw-cw-`-ß-ƒ B-kq-{Xn-X-am-bn X-I-¿-°s∏-´Xpw B hn-Øp-tiJ-cw hn-tZi-tØ-°v I-S-Øn-s°m≠p-t]m-bXpw C-¥y-≥ Im-¿jn-I N-cn-{X-Øn-se I-dp-Ø A-≤ym-ba - m-sW-∂v AwKo-I-cn-°p-∂Xpw \-∂v. D-jv-W-ta-J-e-bp-sS Im-em-h-ÿm˛`q-an-imkv-{X k-hn-ti-j-X-I-ƒ sh-®v \n-e-\n-¬-∏p-≈, C-∂v \-ap-°-dn-bm-hp-∂ G-‰hpw Im-cy-£-aamb k-{º-Zm-bw ssP-h-Ir-jn-bmWv. ssP-h-Irjn tem-Iw ap-gp-h-≥ ]-S¿-∂p ]n-Sn-°p-I-bmsW-∂Xpw h-kv-Xp-X-bmWv. \-Ωp-sS kw-ÿm\hpw A-Sp-Ø ]-Øp h-¿-j-Øn-\p-≈n-¬ ]q-¿-

""

1804˛¬ {]kn-≤o-I-cn-® 'F-Un≥_tdm dnhyq' ]-dbp∂p. Cw-•≠n-¬ A∂p-≠m-bn-cp∂-Xn-s‚ aq∂v aS-ßv D¬-∏mZ-\w C¥y-bn-¬ \-S∂n-cp-∂psh∂v. C¥y-bn-se Ir-jn-sØmgn-em-fn-I-fpsS Iq-en-\nc°v Cw-•-≠nse Ir-jnsØm-gn-em-fnI-sf-°m-ƒ G-sd sa-®s∏-´X - m-bn-cp∂p-

lncWy

''

W-am-bn ssP-hk - {- º-Zm-bØ - n-te-°v amdp-I F∂ e£yw sh-®v ssP-h-Ir-jn \-bw {]-Jym]n-®p I-gn-™n-´p≠v. A∂-kw-kvIm-c-Øn-te°v Xncn-®p-t]mhpI, Irjnsb A\p-`-hn-°pI Irjn ASn-ÿm\ D¬∏m-Z\ {]{In-bbmWv . `£- W - Ø n- \ p≈ am¿K- h p- a m- W v . F∂n´pw \mw IrjntbmSv hnap-JX ImWn°p- ∂ p. Ah- ⁄ - t bmsS ho£n- ° p- ∂ p. F¥p-sIm-≠m-Wn-ß-s\? ka-b-an-√, Irjn em`-I-c-a-√; aÆn¬ ]Wn-sb-Sp-°p-∂-sXms° tami-am-Wv; ssIbn¬ ]Wap-s≠-¶n¬ F¥pw am¿°-‰n¬ \n∂pw hmßm≥ In´pw, ]ns∂¥n-\mWv Cu sa\-t°Sp]nSn® ]Wn-°p-t]m-

Ip-∂Xv F∂n-ßs\ ]e¿°pw ]e DØ-cß-fp-≠v. F∂m¬ bYm¿∞-Øn¬ Cu ]d™-hs - bms° am{X-amtWm {]iv\w. al-Ømsbmcp kmwkvIm-cnI I¿Ωw F∂ \ne-bn¬ Irjnsb ImW- Ø - X t√, AXn- e p- a - ∏ pdw Irjn-bnse B\-µsØ Xncn-®d - n-bm-bvIb - t√ bYm¿∞ {]iv\w. a\p-jy-kw-kvImcw Irjn-aq-e-am-Wv. A{Kn-Iƒ®¿ (agri-culture) F∂mWv BwK-teb-Øn¬ Irjn°p t]cv. culture F∂-Xn\v kwkvImcw F∂mWv A¿∞w. Irjn Xo¿®bmbpw Hcp kwkvIm-c-am-Wv. Bbn-cn-°pIbpw thWw. Hcp kwkvImcw F∂ \nebn¬ Xs∂-bmWv AXv Imeßfmbn \ne-\n∂Xpw kaq-l-ßsf \ne-\n¿Øn-b-Xpw. Hcp kmwkvIm-cnI I¿Ωw F∂ coXn-bn¬ am{XamWv AXv DZmØamIp-∂X - pw. kmwkvIm-cnI {]hrØn F∂ \ne-bn¬ Irjn-bn¬ G¿s∏-

10 Unkw-_¿ 09


Sp-tºmƒ AXnse B\-µsØ Is≠-Øm-≥ \ap-°m-Ipw. GsXmcp {]hrØnbpw AXns‚ kØb-dn™v As√-¶n¬ D≈-dn™v apgp-In sNøptºm-gmWv AXnse B\µw Adn-bm-\m-hp-I. Irjn-sb∂ ssPhnI ka-\z-bsØ tIh-esamcp bm{¥nI {]{In-b-bm°n ]cn-h¿Ø\w sNbvXXn-eqsS AXnse B\µw \jvS-s∏Sp-Øp-I-bmWv B[p-\nI cmk-Irjn sNbvXXv. AhnsS Irjn-sb∂ kwkvIm-chp-an√, I¿j-I≥ F∂ kwkvIm-cnI D]-I-cW-hp-an-√. aÆpw sh≈hpw Poh-Pm-e-ßfpw Irjn{]{In-bbpw F√mw Im¿jnI D¬∏-∂߃ t]mse hn¬∏-\-®-c-°p-Iƒ am{Xw. CXn\p ]I- c - a mbn Irjn- b psS X\- X mb

kwkvIm-csØ lrZ-b-Øn¬ {]Xn-jvTn-°ptºmtg AXnse B\-µsØ A\p-`-hn-°m≥ \ap°v Bhp-I-bp-≈q. At∏mƒ F¥mWv Irjn-bnse Cu B\-µw? \mw Irjn-sN-øm≥ t]mIp-∂Xv Hcp ssPh Bhm-kh - y-hÿ b - n-em-sW∂ t_m[w D≠m-bn-cn-°-c-Ww. B ssPh Bhm-k-hyhÿbn¬ ]e-PmXn Poh-Pm-e-ßfpw ]c-kv]cm-[n-jvTnhpw k¶o¿Æ-hp-amb \nc-h[n ssPh_-‘-ßfpw Ds≠∂ Hm¿Ωbpw thWw. Chbvs°m-s°-Øs - ∂bpw ]cm-am-h[n tZmj-an-√mØ hn[-Øn-em-bn-cn-°Ww \ΩpsS CS-s]-S¬. AhnsS aÆn¬ AYhm `qan-bn¬ \mw Irjnbn-d-°m≥ XpS-ßp-I-bmWv. `mc-Xob ImgvN∏m-S-\p-k-cn®v `qan AΩ-bm-Wv. Aß-s\-bp≈ `qan-bpsS amdn¬ Ie-∏-bn-d-°p-∂ Ahn-th-IØn\v am∏ptNm-Zn-®p-sIm≠v Bcw-`n-°p-∂XmWv \ΩpsS kwkvIm-cw. Hcp-°nb `qan-bn¬

""

A∂w D¬∏m-Zn-∏n°p∂ Irjn Cuiz-co-bamb I¿Ωam-Wv. Cuizco-b-amb B B-\µ - s - ØbmWv \mw {]IrXn kulm¿±Ir-jn-bneqsS hos≠Sp t°-≠X - .v CXn\v G°¿ IW°n\v `qan-bpsS-sbm∂pw Bh-iy-an-√. \ΩpsS Xp≠p-`q-an-Ifn¬t]mepw CXv km≤yamIpw.

lncWy

''

hnØv hnX- b v ° p- ∂ p. hnØn- \ pw \ΩpsS kwkvIm-c-Øn¬ ]qPy-ÿm\-ap-≠v. shdpsamcp hnØ√ Hcp kwkvIm-cs - Ø-bmWv \mahnsS _oPm-hm]w sNøp-∂-Xv. B hnØp apfbv°p-∂p. sh≈hpw hfhpw sImSpØv Irjn°m-c≥ AXns\ hf¿Øp-∂p. hf¿∂v sNSnbmbn AXv ]pjv∏n-°p-∂p. Imbv°p-∂p. Cu hf¿®-bpsS Hmtcm L´-ß-fpw F{Xtbm A¤p-X-I-c-hpw at\m-l-c-hp-am-Wv. Znh-khpw ]e Pohn-Ifpw sNSn-Iƒ kµ¿in-bv°pw. Ah-bp-sS sshhn[yw F{Xtbm hn]p-e-am-Wv. Ah-bn¬ ]eXpw \ncp-]-{Z-hn-I-fmWv. Nneh D]-Im-cn-I-fp-amWv. A]q¿hw NneXv D]-{Z-hIm-cn-I-fpWv. Cu IoS-Po-hn-Isf \nb-{¥n®v hnfhp kwc-£n-t°-≠X - p-≠v. AXn\v G‰hpw lnwk Ipd™ ^e-{]-Z-amb am¿Kw kzoIcn-°-Ww. ImcWw Irjn-bn¬ imiz-X-amb i{Xp-°-fn-√. Nne kml-N-cy-ß-fn¬ Nne Pohn- I ƒ i{Xp- ° - f m- I p- ∂ p. A{X- a m- { Xw. {]IrXn kulm¿±-Ir-jn-bn¬ kµ¿`-Øn-\\p-kr-X-am-b- \nb-{¥Ww am{Xta Bh-iyambn hcp-∂p-≈q. cmk-Ir-jn-sbt∏mse H∂ns‚bpw D∑q-e\w AXns‚ ]≤-Xn-b-√. HSphn¬ sNSn ^e-a-Wn-bp-tºmƒ, B ^ew ]mI-am-Ip-tºmƒ, B ^ew sImøp-tºmƒ {]Ir-Xn-bpsS Xmf-Øn-s\m∏w\n∂v Xs‚ I¿Ωw \n¿h-ln® Irjn-°m-cs‚ a\- n-epw lrZ-b-Øn-ep-ap-≠m-Ip∂ Hcp \nd-hp-≠-t√m, AXv Xs∂-bmWv Irjn-bnse B\-µw. Hcp Irjn-°m-c\v am{Xw A\p-`-hn-°m-hp-∂-Xv. \ΩpsS ]c-º-cm-KX Irjn-°m¿ Cu B\µw A\p-`-hn-®n-cp-∂p. lnwkm-flI Irjn¬ Cu B\-µsØ Ipdn®v Nn¥n-°pIXs∂ Akm≤y-am-Wv. CXv A∂- Ø n- t ‚- X mb `mc- X ob k¶¬∏-am-Wv. B k¶¬∏-Øn¬ A∂w Cuiz-c\ - mWv. B A¿∞-Øn¬ A∂w D¬∏mZn-∏n-°p∂ Irjn Cuiz-co-b-amb I¿Ω-am-Wv, b⁄-am-Wv. Cuiz-co-b-amb B B-\-µ-sØbmWv \mw {]IrXn kulm¿±-Ir-jn-bn-eqsS hos≠Sp t°-≠-Xv. CXn\v G°¿ IW-°n\v `qan- b p- s S- s bm∂pw Bh- i y- a n- √ . \ΩpsS Xp≠p-`q-an-I-fn¬t]mepw CXv km≤y-amIpw. AXn\v \ΩpsS ImgvN-∏mSv am{Xta amtd-≠Xp-≈q. A∂w km{am-Py-ß-fpsS A[n-]-Xnbm-sW∂pIqSn B¿j `mc-Xob ImgvN-∏mSv shfn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠v. A∂sØ , Irjnsb ad-∂p-sIm-≠p≈ Hcp ]ptcm-KXn \ne-\n¬∏p≈-X-s√∂v Hm¿°p-I. AØ-c-Øn-ep-s≈mcp hnI-k-\-Øns‚ ss\an-jn-I-Xsb Ipdn®pw Nn¥n-°p-I. Chn-sS-bmWv ssPh-Irjn Dƒs∏sS-bp≈ {]IrXn kulm¿±Irjn k{º-Zmb-ß-fpsS CSw \mw Is≠-tØ-≠Xv.  Imen-°‰v bqWn-th-gvkn‰n d^-d≥kv {KŸ-ambn AwKo-I-cn® "Irjn ae-bmfw' F∂ {]ikvX {KŸØns‚ I¿Øm-hmWv teJ-I≥.

11 Unkw-_¿ 09


PmXntbm AsX-¥mWv ? {]ikvX thZ-]W - vUn-X\pw al¿jn Zbm-\µ - s‚ ]c-ºc - b - nse bi-kzn-bmb km[-I\ - p-am-bn-cp∂p ]WvUn‰v inh-i-¶¿ Imhy-Xo¿∞v. At±-l-Øns‚ Gsd {]i-kvX-amb PmXn-\n¿Æbw F∂ hnJymX IrXnsb ASn-ÿm-\-am°n lnµn hnZzm-\mb Bcy-`m-kv°¿ Fgp-Xp∂ teJ\ ]c-ºc Cu e°w apX¬ Bcw-`n°p∂p

Bcy-`m-kv°¿

tem

I-sØ G-‰hpw {]mNo-\ {K-Ÿw E-tKz-Z-amWv. A- X n- ¬ H- c n- S - Ø pw {_m“W-≥, £-{Xnb-≥, sshiy-≥ F-∂nh-¿ Hmtcm h¿Æw B-sW-∂p ]-d-™n-´n√. A-Xm-bX - v H-cn-SØpw {_m“-W h-¿Æw, £-{Xn-b-h¿Æw, iq-{Z-h¿-Æw F-∂p ]d-™n-´n-√. th-Z-߃-°p h-f-sc-°m-e-Øn-\p ti-jw D≠m-b kva - r-Xn-If - n-em-Wv h-¿Æ - i-–w D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. F-∂m-¬ th-Z-ß-fn-¬ h-¿-Æi-–w D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p∂-Xv Bcy, Zmk F-∂o i–-ß-tfm-Sp tN-¿-Øm-Wv E-tKz-ZØn-¬ tbm Zm- k w h- ¿ - W - a [- c w Kp- l mIx (2.12.4) F-∂p sIm-Sp-Øn-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\¿-∞w BcmtWm Zm-k-h-¿Æ-sØ Xm-sg Kp-l-bn-¬ X-≈n-bn-Sp∂-Xv F-∂m-Wv. l¥zo Z-kyq-≥ {]mcyw h-¿-W-amh-Xv (3.34.01) A-Xmb-Xv Z-kyp°-sf sIm-∂n-´v Bcy h-¿Æ-sØ c-£n-°p∂-Xv F-∂-¿∞w.

""

\m-ep h-¿Æ-ß-fm-Wp≈-sX∂pw th-Z-ß-fn-¬ ]-d™ n-´n-√. Nm-Xp-¿h - ¿Wyw F-∂ i-–w t]mepw AXn-en-√.

lncWy

''

\m-ep h-¿Æ - ß - f - m-Wp-≈s - X∂pw th-Zß - fn-¬ ]-d-™n-´n-√. Nm-Xp-¿-h-¿Wyw F-∂ i–w t]mepw A-Xn-en-√. F-∂m-¬ c-≠p h-¿Æ-ß-ƒ ]-d-™n-´p-≠p-Xm-\pw. A-Xmb-Xv D{K E-jn c-≠p h-¿-Æ-ß-sfbpw t]m-jn-∏n-®p. E-tK-z-Zw ]Ømw a-fi-e-Øn-se ]p-cp-jkq- ‡ - Ø n- ¬ {_m- “ - t Wm- k y- a p- J - a m- k oXv..............F-∂p Xp-S-ßp-∂ a-{¥-Øn-¬ \m-ep h-¿-Æ-ßfpw ]-d-™n-´p-≠t√m F-∂p Nn-e-¿ ]-db - m-dp≠v. F-∂m-¬ Cu a-{¥-Øn-¬ h-¿Æ - i–w Fßpw h-∂n-´n-√. a-{¥-Øn-s‚ A¿-∞w C-ßs - \-bmWv: B {]-Pm-]X - n-bp-sS ap-Jw {_m“-W-\mWv, _m-lp £-{Xn-b-\mWv, Du-cp ssh-iy-\mWv, ]m-Z-ß-fn-¬ \n-∂v iq-{Z-≥ D≠mbn. C-hn-sS k-ap-Zm-b-sØ-bm-Wp h-¿-Æn®n-cn-°p-∂Xv. th-Z-ß-fn-¬ a-\p-jy k-ap-Zmb-sØ Nn-ebnS-Øv c-≠p `m-K-ambpw a-‰p Nn-e-bn-S-ß-fn-¬ \mev, B-dv, C-cp]-Xv A-©v F-∂o `m-K-ßfmbpw h-¿-Æn-®n-cn-°p∂-Xp Im-Wmw. F-∂m¬ h¿-Æw c-t≠-bp-≈p. c-≠p `m-K-ß-fm-bn Xn-cn-®n-cn-°p∂-Xv Bcy\pw iq-{Z-\pw AY-hm Bcy\pw Zm-k-\pw (Z-kyp) F-∂n-ß-s\-bm-Wv.

12 Unkw-_¿ 09


X-bm-lw k¿-hw ]-iyman b-› iq-{Z D-Xmcyx (A-Y¿hw 4.20.4) A-Xmb-Xv iq-{Z-∑mcpw B-cy-∑m-cpam-b F√m-h-scbpw Rm-≥ Im-Wp-∂p. Xzw Xmw C-t{µm-`bmw A-an-{Xm≥ Zm-km hr-{Xm-Wym-cym N-iq-cx (E-tKzZw 6.33.3) A-Xmb-Xv tl iq-c\m-b C{µ! X-S- -ßfp-≠m-°p-∂ c-≠v i-{Xp-°-sf-bpw (Zmk-≥, Bcy-≥) \o h-[n-®p. a-\p-jy-k-ap-Zmb-sØ A-©p-hn-`m-K-am-bn Im-Wp-∂X - n-\p-Zm-lc - W - a - m-Wv ]-©P - \mx ]-©Ir-„bx, ]-©-¿-am-\-h F-∂o hm°p-Iƒ. b-Pp-¿-th-Zw ap-∏Xmw A-[ymbw 5,6 a-{¥ß-fn-¬ a-\p-jy-ka - p-Zmb-sØ C-cp-]t- Xm-fw hn`m-K-ß-ƒ B-bn Im-Wp-∂p≠v. {_m-“W-≥, cm-P-\y-≥, ssh-iy-≥, iq-{Z-≥, X-kv-Ic-≥, \]pw-kIw, ]p-w-›-enI-ƒ, amK[-¿, kqX-¿, inev-]nI-ƒ, hn-Zq-j-I-¿ F-∂nß-s\ t]m-Ip-∂p B t]-cpI-ƒ. ]-©-P\mx i-–-Øn-se A-©p Iq-´-¿ \m-ep h-¿-Æ-ßfpw A-©m-a-tØ-Xm-bn \n-jm-Z-cp-am-sW-∂v Nn-e-¿ ]-d-bp∂p. a-‰p Nn-e¿ K-‘-¿-∆˛]n-X-c˛tZ-h˛A-kp-c˛cm-£-k-¿ F∂n-h-scbpw A-©m-a-Xm-bn \n-jm-Z-scbpw Iq´p-∂p. \n-jm-Z-≥ F-∂ i-–-Øn-∂¿∞w '\nXcmw km-Zb-Xn hn-\m-ib-Xn C-Xn-\n-jmZx' F∂mWv. A-Xmb-Xv h-¿Æ - [ - ¿ - Ω-sØ \-in-∏n-°p∂-h-\m-Wv \n-jm-Z-≥. 25 i-–-ß-ƒ a-\p-jyhm-Nn B-sW-∂m-Wv \n-cp-‡w ]-d-bp-∂-Xv. B-Zn-Ime-Øv k-ap-Zmb-sØ \m-ep-h-¿-Æß-fm-bn Xn-cn-®n-cp-∂n-√. ]n-∂o-SmWv Cu hn`P-\w D-≠m-bXv. Cu Nm-Xp-¿-h¿-Wy hn-`m-KØn-s‚ Zp-j] v- c - n-Wm-aa - m-Wv C-∂p Im-Wp-∂ PmXn-Ifpw D-]-Pm-Xn-Ifpw F√mw. ]n-∂o-SmWv Cu Xn-cn-hp-Is - f√mw D-≠m-bs - X-∂p-≈X - n-\v Nne D-Zm-l-c-W-߃ t\m-°q. G-I-h-¿-W-an-Zw ]q¿hw hn-iz-am-ko-Zv bp-[n-jv-Tn-cx. I-¿-a-{In-bm hn-t`tZ-\ Nm-Xp-¿-h-¿Wyw {]-Xn-jv-TnXw. (alm`m-cXw) A- √ tbm bp- [ n- j v T n- c Cu temI- Ø v BZyw H-cp h-¿W-ta D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p≈p. ]n-∂oSv Kp-W I-¿-Ω hn-`m-K-ß-f-\p-k-cn-®v \m-ep h¿-Æ-ß-ƒ ÿm-]n-®p. \ hn-ti-tjm-kv-Xn h-¿-Wm-\mw k¿-hw {_m-“-an-Zw P-KXv. {_“-Wm ]q-¿-h kr-„w ln I-¿-a-`n-¿ h-¿-WXmw KXw. (alm`m-cXw)

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Rm≥ Ihnbm-W.v Fs‚ ]nXmhv sshZy-\mWv, Fs‚ amXmhv B´ D≠m-°p-∂h-fm-Wv. Aßs\ hn`n∂ hyh-km-b߃ sNbvXv R߃ [\hpw B\-µhpw t\Sp-∂p.

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C∂v lnµp-ka - p-Zm-bØ - nse h¿Æ-ßfpw PmXnIfpw ]c-kv]c hnhm-l-Ønt\m ]¥n-t`m-P\-Ønt\m Xøm-d-√. Aßs\ sNbvXm¬ Ah-cpsS [¿Ωw \in-®p-t]m-Ip-sa-∂mWv hnizm-kw. ]≠v Aß-s\-b-√m-bn-cp-∂p. hyhkm-bsØ ASn-k-Ym-\-am°n ]e sXmgn-epIƒ sNøp-Ibpw ]e t]cp-Iƒ kzoI-cn-°pIbpw sNbvXn-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]c-kv]c hnhml-Øn\pw ]¥n-t`m-P-\-Øn\pw Ah¿ Xømdm-bn-cp-∂p. Aßs\ \S∂ Iptd hnhm-l߃ t\m°mw. 1. {_m“W\mb ip{Im- N m- cy≥ £{Xnb cmPm-hmb {]nb-{h-Xs‚ ]p{Xn Du¿÷z-kzXnsb hnhmlw Ign-®p. 2. irwKn F∂ {_m“-W≥ £{Xnb cmPmhmb tema-]m-Zs‚ ]p{Xn im¥sb (Z-i-cY≥ ZsØ-SpØ ]p{Xn-bm-W-Xv) hnhmlw Ign-®p. 3. Pa-Z·n kqcy-hw-i-cm-Pm-hmb {]tk-\-PnØns‚ aIƒ tcWp-Isb hnhmlw Ign®p. Ah-cpsS ]p{X-\mWv ]c-ip-cm-a≥. 4. ]n∏- e m- Z ≥ £{Xnb kv { Xo ]Zv a sb hnhmlw Ign-®p. Cu IY inh-]p-cmWw DØ-cm¿≤w 30mw A≤ym-b-Øn-ep-≠v. 5. AKkvXy {_m“-W≥ £{Xnb kv{Xo tem]-ap-{Zsb hnhmlw Ign-®p. 6. sscIz {_m“-W≥ Pm\-{ipXn cmPm-hns‚ aIsf hnhmlw Ign-®p. 7. hnizm-an-{X≥ tZh-temI A]vkc - b - mb ta\Isb ]cn-Wb - n®v AXn-ep-≠mb Ip´n-bmWv iIp-¥f. iIp-¥-f-bpsS hnhmlw Zpjy¥-\p-ambn \S-∂p. Ah-cpsS ]p{X-\mWv `c-X≥. 8. `oa-tk-\≥ lnUnw_ F∂ cm£-knsb hnhmlw Ign-®p. AXn-ep-≠mb Ip´n-bmWv LtSm¬°-N≥. C\n \oN-h¿Æ-Ønse ]pcp-j≥am¿ D®h¿Æ-Ønep≈ kv{XoIsf hnhmlw Ign® IY t\m°mw. 1. £{Xnb cmPm- h mb {]nb{hX≥ hnizI¿Ωm-hns‚ ({_m-“-W≥) aIƒ _¿lnjva-Xnsb hnhmlw Ign-®p. 2. I¿Za {]Pm- ] XnbpsS aIƒ £{Xnb cmPmhv {]nb-{h-Xs\ hnhmlw Ign-®p. Cu IY hmbp-]p-cm-W-Ønse 28mw A≤ymb-Øn-ep-≠v. 3. bbmXn cmPmhv ip{Im-Nmcy {_m“-Ws‚ ]p{Xn tZh- b m- \ nsb hnhmlw Ign- ® p. AXn¬ A©v ]p{X≥am¿ D≠m-bn. 4. I¿Za Ejn- b psS aIƒ Acp- ‘ - X nsb KWnIm-]p-{X≥ hkn-jvT≥ hnhmlw Ign-®p. Cßs\ hf-sc-tbsd IY-Iƒ ]pcm-W-ß-fnep-≠v.

13 Unkw-_¿ 09 lncWy 13


h-¿-Æ-ß-fn-¬ H∂p-t]mepw G-sX-¶nepsam-cp hn-ti-j-Kp-Ww D-≈X-√. F¥p-sIms≠-∂m-¬ Cuizc\m-Wv F-√m-Øn-s\bpw kr„n-®-Xv. ]n-∂o-Sv I-¿-Ω-t`-Zw A-\p-k-cn-®v h-¿Æ-ß-ƒ D-≠mbn C-\n a-lm-`mc-Xw im-¥n-]-¿-h-Øn-se Hcp tNm-Zyhpw D-Ø-c-hpw (186.7,8) {i-≤n-°p tNm- Z yw: A- √ tbm `r- K p- a p\n! Imaw, t{Im[w, Zb, Nn-¥, hni-∏v F-∂n-h-sb√mw \-ap-s°mcp-t]m-se-bmWv. ]n-s∂-¥n-\mWv Cu h- ¿ - Æ - t `- Z w Aw- K o- I - c n- ° p- ∂ Xv ? hn- b - ¿ ∏v , I^w, ]nØw, iuNw, c-‡w F∂n-h F-√mh-cp-sSbpw i-co-c-Øn-ep≠v. A-t∏m-ƒ H-cp h¿Æw a-‰-Xn-¬ \n-∂v `n-∂-am-sW-∂p I-W-°m°p-∂-sX-¥n-\mWv? D-Øcw: BZyw H-cp {_m-“-W h-¿Æ-ta D-≠m-bn-cp-∂p≈p. {_-“m-hv kr-„n® B Hcp h-¿-Æ-Øn-se B-fp-I-ƒ hn-`n-∂ I-¿-Ω-߃ A-\p-k-cn-®v hn-`n-∂ h-¿-Æ-ß-fm-bn Xn-cn™p. ]p-cm-Wß - s - f√mw Cu A-`n-{]m-bw X-s∂bm-Wv {]-I-Sn-∏n-®n-´p-≈Xv. D-]-\n-j-ØpI-ƒ, alm-`m-cXw, cm-amb-Ww Xp-Sßn-b {]mNo-\ IrXn-If - n-¬ t]cn-s\m-∏w Pm-Xn-t∏-cn-√ i¿-Ω, h¿Ω, Zm-k-≥ F-∂o Pm-Xn-t∏-cp-I-ƒ ]n-¬-°m-eØm-Wv t]cn-s\m-sSm-∏w tN-¿-ØXv. F-∂m¬ a-lm-`m-c-X-Øn-se Ir-X-h-¿-Ωmhpw a-lm`m-jy-Øn-se C-{µ-h-¿-Ωmbpw h-¿-Æ hy-hÿsb kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂X-√. A-Xv t]-cp X-s∂bmWv. {io-cm-a-i-–-Øn-¬ '{io' tN-¿° - p-∂Xpw cmw-Po-Zm-kn-¬ 'Pn' tN-¿-°p-∂Xpw t]m-se CXpw t]-cn-s‚ H-cw-iw X-s∂-bm-Wv. th-Z-ß-fn-¬ 'i-¿-a ta b-—' F-∂v ]-e ÿ-e-ß-fnepw Im-Wm-\p≠v. A-Xv \-]pw-kI-enwK-sØ Im-Wn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. ]p-√nw-K-kqN-I-am-b 'i-¿am' i-–w th-ZØn-sem-cn-SØpw C-√ 'kp-i-¿am' i-–hpw 'kp-i¿-a' BWv. AXn-\¿∞w 'kp-jv-Tp ir-Wm-Xn C-Xn kp-i¿-am cm-P-hn-tijx' A-Xmb-Xv Zp-„-∑m¿-°v in£ sIm-Sp-°p-∂-h\m-W 'kp-i-¿am' hmb cm-Pmhv. A-Xv {_m-“W - \ - √ - £-{Xn-b\ - m-Wv. (C-t∏mƒ {_m-“W-¿ A-h-cp-sS t]-cn-s‚ Iq-sS i¿Ωm F∂pw £-{Xn-b-¿ h¿-Ωm F-∂p-am-Wv tN¿-°p-∂-Xv.) tZ-h-i-¿am, hn-jv-Wp-i-¿am, `-{Z-i¿am F-∂o t]-cp-I-fnepw 'i-¿am' i-–a-√ 'i¿a' i-–-am-Wp-≈Xv. "i-¿-am-kn ta i-¿-a b-—' F-∂-Xn-¬ i-¿am+ A-kn F-∂-√ i¿-a+ Akn F-∂m-Wv ]-Z-t—-Zw. B-Zn-Ime-Øv P-\k - w-Jy Ip-dh - m-bn-cp∂p. `-£y ]-Zm-¿-∞-ß-ƒ kp-e-`-hp-am-bn-cp∂p. Imem-¥-c-Øn-¬ P-\-kw-Jy h-¿-≤n-®-t∏m-ƒ Ah-c-h-cp-sS cp-Nn°pw I-gn-hn\pw A-\p-k-cn-

""

hkn-jvT-]p{X-\mb i‡n NWvUm-fI - \y-Isb hnhmlw Ign-®Xpw AXn¬ ]cm-ic - ≥ D≠m-bXpw B ]cm-ic≥ [oh-cI-\y-Ib - mb kXy-hXnsb hnhmlw Ign-®Xpw thZ-hymk≥ P\n®Xpw alm`m-cX - Ø - nep-≠v.

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®p≈ tPm-en sN-øm-≥ Xp-Sßn. Nn-e-¿ ]-Tn°m\pw ]-Tn-∏n-°m\pw a-‰p Nn-e-¿ cm-Py-`-c-WØn\pw cm-Py-c-£-bv°pw ap-Xn-¿∂p. th-sd Nne-¿ ]-ip-]m-e-\-Øn\pw Ir-jn°pw H-cpßn. Cß-s\ F-√m-hcpw tN¿-∂v ]-c-kv]-cw B-hiy-]q-¿-Øn-°m-bn {i-an®p. A-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-®p≈ t]-cp-Ifpw sX-c-s™-Sp-Øp.Aß-s\ {_m-“W-≥, £-{Xnb-≥, ssh-iy-≥F-∂o t]cp-I-ƒ kzo-I-cn®p. t]-cp-I-sf√mw th-Z-ß-fn¬ \n-∂m-Wv kzo-I-cn-®Xv. Cu t]-cp-I-ƒ P∑sØ B-kv-]-Z-am-°nb-√, I-¿Ω-sØ B-kv-]Z-am-°n-bm-Wv D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv. F-∂m-¬ Ct∏mg-sØ ln-µp k-ap-Zm-b-Øn-ep-≈ t]-cp-Iƒ P∑-sØ am{Xw B-kv-]-Z-am-°n-bm-Wv kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv. Ch tbm-KyX-sb A-Sn-ÿm-\am-°n-bp-≈-hb-√. A-Xn-\m-¬ P-∑w apX-te {_m-“W-\v {_m-“-W-\mbpw Xq-∏p-Imc-\v Xq∏p-Im-c-\mbpw I-im-∏p-Imc-\v I-im-∏p-Im-c\mbpw I-gn-tb-≠-Xm-bn h-cp-∂p. {]-hr-Øn-°-\p-k-cn-®v B-fp-I-ƒ Po-hn-Xw \-bn-®m-¬ A-hn-sS D-®-\o-Xz-ß-fn-√ F-∂v EtK-z-Z-Øn-¬ ]-d-bp-∂p. AtPym-jvTmtkm AI-\n-jvTmk GtX kw{`m-Xtcm hmhr[px ku`-Kmb. (EtKzZw 5.60.7) AXm- b Xv \nß- f n¬ Db¿∂- h \pw Xmgv∂-h\pw C√. \nß-sf√mw ktlm-Z-c-ßfmWv. AXn-\m¬ ktlm-Z-c-ß-sf-t∏mse Ah-c-h-cpsS tPmen-bn¬ D∂Xn {]m]n-bv°q. hn`n∂ {]hr-Øn-Iƒ sNbvXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Htc- ` - h - \ - Ø n¬ H∂n®p Ign- b p- ∂ - X n¬ kt¥m-jta D≈q. Imcp-clw XtXm `nj-Kp-h-e-{]-£nWo \\m \m\m-[ntbm hkq-htbmf\p Km Ch Xÿn-ta-{µm-tb-tµm-]-cn-{kh . (E-tKzZw 9.112.3) AXm- b Xv Rm≥ Ihn- b m- W v . Fs‚ ]nXmhv sshZy-\m-Wv, Fs‚ amXmhv B´ D≠m-°p-∂h - f - m-Wv. Aßs\ hn`n∂ hyh-kmb-߃ sNbvXv R߃ [\hpw B\-µhpw t\Sp-∂p. ]ip-°ƒ ssaXm-\-Øn¬ Ah-c-hcpsS Xo‰ tXSp-∂-Xp-t]mse R߃ Ignbp-∂p. hkn-jvT-]p-{X-\mb i‡n NWvUm-f-I\y-Isb (A-Zr-iy-¥n) hnhmlw Ign-®Xpw AXn¬ ]cm-i-c≥ D≠m-bXpw B ]cm-i-c≥ [oh-cI - \ - y-Ib - mb kXy-hX - nsb hnhmlw Ign®Xpw thZ-hym-k≥ P\n-®Xpw thZ-hym-k\n¬ \n∂v Iuc-hcpw ]mWvU-hcpw D≠mb IYbpw alm-`m-c-X-Øn-ep-≠v. (Xp-S-cpw)

14 Unkw-_¿ 09 lncWy 14


A`n-apJw \yq-U-¬-ln-bn-se ]-©m-_n _m-Kv `mcX hn`-P\ Ime-Øv ]-Sn-™m-d-≥ ]-©m-_n-¬ \n∂pw h∂h-sc A-[n-hkn-®n-cn-°p-∂ C-S-amWv. C-∂pw A-hn-sS ]-©m-_n hw-i-P-¿ X-s∂-bm-Wv Iq-SpX-embpw Xm-a-kn-°p-∂Xv. U¬-ln B-cy {]-Xn\n-[n k-` ap-≥ {]-knU-‚p Iq-Snbm-b tUm. inh-Ip-am-¿ im-kv-{XnI-sf t^m-Wn-¬ hn-fn-®v tI-cf-Øn-¬ \n-∂m-Wv C-t∏m-ƒ ku-Øv F-Iv-kv-‰-≥j-\n-¬ \n-∂p-am-Wv hn-fn-°p-∂-sX-∂p ]-d-™t∏m-ƒ DS-s\ A-t±-lw ho-´n-te-°v £-Wn®p. \n-d-™ ]p-©ncn-tbm-sS A-t±-lw F-s∂ kzoI-cn®p. ]-cnN-bw ]p-Xp-°m-≥ th-≠n 10 h¿-jw ap≥-]v A-t±-lw \-SØn-b H-cp {]-`m-j-W-Ønse B-Zyh-cn Rm-≥ D-≤-cn®p. A¤p-X kv-Xœ-\m-sb-¶nepw D-S-s\h-∂p a-dp]Sn 'Z£n-W `m-c-Xo-b¿-°v {i-≤ Iq-Sp-X-em-Wv AXp-sIm-≠mWv i-¶-cm-Nm-cy-sc-t∏m-ep-≈-h¿ B a-Æn-¬ ]n-d°p-∂Xv' F∂v. tI-c-f-Øn-se th-Z-{]-N-c-W-Øns‚ Im-cy-sØ-°p-dn-®v tI-´-dn-™v A-t±-lw B\-µ-Øm-¬ Xp-≈n-®mSn. F-\n°pw tIm-gn-t°mt´-°v hc-Ww F-∂v ]-d™p. Xo-¿-®-bmbpw sIm≠p-t]m-Im-sa-∂v te-J-I\pw ]-d™p. ]ehn-[ hn-j-b-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v A-t±-lw kw-kmcn®p. A-t±-l-hp-am-bp-≈ kw-km-c-Øn-¬ \n-∂p≈ {]-k-‡-`m-K߃

thZ-ßf- n¬ Ncn-{X-an√ ]WvUn‰v inh-Ip-am¿ imkv{Xn/ Acp¨ {]`m-I-c≥ "Bcy' i_vZw PmXn-hm-NI - a - m-tWm, kwkv°mc-amtWm AtXm a‰p h√-Xp-amtWm? = "Bcy' KpW-hm-Nn-bmb hm°m-Wv. Adjective, AXn\p GsX-¶nepw PmXn-bp-ambn _‘-an-√. \√ Imcy-߃ sNøp-∂-h≥ Bcy\m-Ip-∂p. \√Xp sNøm-Ø-h≥ A\m-cy-\p-amIp-∂p. _p≤n sIm≠v Imcyw \n¿W-bn-®v, {]bXv\-Øn-eqsS e£yw ssIh-cn-°p-∂-h-\mWv Bcy≥. CXn¬ c≠p Imcyw AS-ßn-bn-´p-≠v. H∂v, _p≤n. c≠v {]b-Xv\w, aSn-b-s\, Aeks\ Bcy-s\∂p hnfn-°n-√. aSn-b-s\bpw Ae-k-s\bpw "Zkyp' hmbn A\m-cy-\mbn

IW-°m-°p-∂p. icn-bmbn ]cn-{i-an-°p-∂-h\mWv Bcy≥. ]cn-{iaw sNtø-≠Xv Adn-thmS-bm-W.v At∏mƒ Bcy-\m-hp-∂X - n\v {]bXv\w am{Xw aXn-bm-hn√, XnI™ _p≤n D]-tbmKn®v {]b- X v \ - Ø n¬ G¿s∏- S p- ∂ - h - \ mWv Bcy≥. Bcy-i_vZw KpW-hm-Nn-bm-sW∂p ]d-™t√m. At∏mƒ "lnµp' Bcy- \ mtWm A√tbm? BsW-¶n¬ F¥p-sIm≠v? = lnµp Bcy- \ m- W v , ]t£ Ah\v Ahs‚ t]cv \jv S - a m- b n. \ΩpsS t]cv Bcy≥ F∂m-bn-cp-∂p. ]pdØp \n∂p h∂h¿ \ap°p \¬Inb t]cmWv lnµp. {ItaW {ItaW \mw A[x-]-Xn-°p-hm≥ XpS-ßn. t\m°q 400 h¿jw ap≥]p≈ {KŸ-ß-fn-

15 Unkw-_¿ 09 lncWy 15


sem∂pw lnµp F∂ hm°v \ap°v ImWm≥ km[n-°n-√. thZ-ß-fn-√, {_m“-W-ß-fn-√, cmam-b-W-Øn-en-√, KoX-bnepw alm-`m-c-X-Ønep-an√ hntZ-iØp \n∂pw h∂-h¿ \Ωsf hnfn®v hnfn®v \ap°v lnµp-sh∂ t]cv Dd®p. icn-bmb t]cmb "Bcy' \ap°v \jvSs∏- S p- I bpw sNbv X p. AXn- \ ¿∞w \mw Bcy≥am-c-√m-Xmbn F∂-√, B t]cv \ap°v \jvSs - ∏-´p. DZm-lc - W - a - m-bn, Fs‚ aI≥ knKc‰p hen F∂ ioew XpS-ßn-bm-epw-a-I≥ Fs‚ Xs∂-bm-hn-s√, Rms\m-cp-]t£ BfpI-fn¬ \n∂p apJw Hfn-∏n®p \S-°p-∂p-≠mhmw, F∂mepw Bfp- I ƒ ]d- b pw. "AXv imkv{Xn-If - psS aI-\mWv' F∂v. Ah≥ F¥nse-¶nepw AI-s∏-´m¬ Rm≥ Xs∂ sN∂p ]d-bpw, "Fs‚ aI-\m-Wv, Ahs\ shdpsX hnSm≥ Zb-hp-≠m-hWw' F∂v. AXp-t]mse lnµp Bcys‚ Xe-Xn-cn™ t]cm-Wv, ]t£ Ah≥ Bcy≥ Xs∂. B{^n-°-bnse IdpØ h¿K-°msc Bcy≥ F∂p hnfn-°m-\m-hptam? = B{^n-°b - nse IpdØ h¿K-°m-sc-°pdn®v F\n°v henb Adn-hn-√. ]t£ XØzØns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ H∂p-d∏ - n-®p-]d - h - m≥ km[n-°pw, KpW-hm-Nn-bmb "Bcy' i_vZw GXp IdpØ h¿K- ° m- c \pw tNcp- s a- ∂ v . tIhew IdpØ h¿K- ° m¿°v am{X- a √ IrkvXym-\n-Iƒ, C…mw aXm-\p-bm-bn-Iƒ Chtcbpw KpW-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Bcys\∂p hnfn-°mw. Aß-s\-sb-¶n¬ kap-Zmbw F∂ \ne-bn¬ tIhew lnµp-°sf am{Xw Fßs\ Bcys\∂p hnfn-°p∂p? =t\m°q, B t]cv \ap°v \jvS-s∏-´-XmWv, AXm-bn-cp∂p \ΩpsS icn-bmb \ma-t[bw. temI-Ønse G‰hpw ]g-°-ta-dnb aXw sshZn-I-a-X-amWt√m. AXv thZ-ßsf ASnÿm- \ - s ∏- S p- Ø n- b p- ≈ - X m- W v. AXns\ sshZnI [¿aw, k\m-X-\-[¿aw Fs∂ms° hnfn®p h∂n-cp-∂p. AXns\ lnµp-[¿aw F∂v ASpØ Ime-ØmWv {]tbm-Kn-°p-hm≥ XpSßn-b-Xv. sshZnI [¿a-Øns‚ ]n¥p-S¿®-°mcmb \Ωsf Bcy≥ F∂p hnfn-°p-∂-XmWv F√m A¿∞-Ønepw DØ-aw. ? Z£nW `mc-X-Ønse P\-ßsf s]mXpsh {Zmhn-U¿ F∂p hnfn®p hcm-dp-≠v. Xan-gmWv {Zmhn-Us‚ `mj F∂pw ]d-bp-∂p. kwkvIrX-Øns\ Bcy-`mj F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. CsXmcp kaky apt∂m-´p-sh-°p-∂p-≠v. PmXn-hm-Nn-bs√- ¶ n¬ Xan- g ns\ {Zmhn- U - ` m- j - s b∂pw kwkvIr-X-Øns\ Bcy-`mj F∂pw F¥psIm≠v hnti-jn-∏n-°p∂p? Z£nW `mc-Xobsc {Zmhn-U¿ F∂p F¥p-sIm≠v hnfn-

""

aSn-bs - \, Ae-ks\ Bcy-s\∂p hnfn-°n-√. icn-bmbn ]cn-{i-an-°p∂-h-\mWv Bcy≥. XnI™ _p≤n D]tbm-Kn®v {]b-Xv\Øn¬ G¿s∏-Sp-∂h-\mWv Bcy≥.

''

inh-Ip-am¿ imkv{Xn `mcy-tbm-sSm-cp-an®v

°p∂p? = kwkvIrXw Bcy-`mj Xs∂-bm-Wv. ImcWw AXv kwkvIr-X\ - n-jvTa - m-Wv, AXn¬ sX‰p-If - n-√, kwkvIc - n-°s - ∏-´X - m-W.v \√-Xns\ Bcy-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂p. AXn¬ Hcp Ipdhpw D≠m-Ip-hm≥ ]mSn-√. Ah-cpsS `mj-bnepw Hcp Ipdhpw D≠m-hm≥ ]mSn-√. thZ-ß-fpsS `mj-bn¬ Hcp Ipdhpw C√, kwkvIr-X-`m-jbn-ep-an-√. lnµn-bn¬ D≠m-hmw, Cw•ojnep≠m-hmw. temI-Øp≈ as‰√m `mj-I-fn-ep-ap≠mhmw F∂m¬ kwkvIr-X-Øn-ep-≠m-hn-√. Xan-gns‚ Imcyw AXn¬ A£-c-߃ apgp-h\n-√, I,-J,L F√m-Øn\pw AXn\p "I' am{XamWv. kzbw ]q¿W-am-b-Xp-sIm≠v kwkvIrX-Øns\ Bcy-`mj F∂p ]d-bp-∂p. hntZin-Iƒ D≠m-°nb Ncn-{X-am-Wv {Zmhn-U≥amsc sXt°m-t´m-Sn® Bcy≥am-cpsS IY. \ΩpsS Hcp CXn-lm-k{- K-Ÿß - f - nepw Bcy≥am¿ ]pdta- \ n∂p h∂- h - c mWv F∂p ]d- b p- ∂ n- √ , ChnsS h∂v F√m-h-cpsS aosXbpw A[oiXzw ÿm]n®p F∂pw ImWp- ∂ n- √ . At∏mƒ \msa- ß ns\ hntZ- i n- I - f psS BJym\w hniz- k n- ° pw. sa°m- s f- b psS injy≥am¿ D≠m-°nb {`a-amWv CØcw IY-

lncWy 16 Unkw-_¿ 09


""

I-sf-√mw, C∂pw Zu¿`m-Ky-hi - m¬ AXp-Xs∂ ]Tn-∏n®p hcp-∂p. AXp-sIm-s≠m∂pw sXt°bn-¥y-bnse Bfp-Iƒ {Zmhn-Ucpw DØ-tc-¥y°m¿ Bcy≥am- c p- a m- I p- ∂ n- √ . F√m- h cpw Bcy≥am¿ Xs∂. F{]-Imcw ]©m-_n-ep-≈h¿ ]©m-_n-I-fmtWm _wKm-fn-ep-≈-h¿ _wKm-fn-I-fmtWm AXp-t]mse {Zmhn-U-tZ-iØp-≈-h¿ {Zmhn-U-cm-Wv, A{X-am-{Xw. AXv tZi-hm-Nn-bmb ]Zw am{X-am-Wv. `mc-Xo-bsc ]c-kv]cw {ip°-fm-°p-∂-Xn\p th≠n-bp-≠m°nb \pW-°-Y-I-fm-Wn-Xv. t\m°q Icp-Wm\n- [ n- s b, At±lw cmh- W s‚ kwkv°mcsØ _lp-am-\n-°p-∂p. cmas‚ hn{K-lØ - n¬ sNcn-∏p-ame Nm¿Øn Nqep-sIm≠-Sn-°p-∂p. CXn¬ \n∂pw \ap°v a\- n-em°n-°qsS Hcp I≈-{]-N-c-W-Øn\v Fs¥√mw sNøm-\m-hp-sa-∂v. Hcn-°¬ temI-k-`-bnepw CXp-ambn _‘-s∏´v Hcp Bhiyw D∂-bn°-s∏-´p-˛k - w-kvIrX `mj \ntcm-[n-°W - s - a-∂v, ImcWw AXv Bcy≥am-cpsS `mj-bm-Wv, Ah¿ ]pdsa \n∂p-h-∂-h-cm-Wv, A{I-an-I-fmWv, Ah-cpsS `mj-bm-Is´ hrØn-sI-´-Xpw. CØ-c-Øn¬ FXn¿°p-∂-h-cpsS Hcp Iq´w Fßns\ cq]-s∏´p? al¿jn Zbm-\-µ≥ Hcn°-ep-anXv AwKo-Ic - n-®n-´n-√. Bcy≥am¿ ChnsS

400 h¿jw ap≥]p≈ {KŸ-ß-fnsem∂pw lnµp F∂ hm°v \ap°v ImWm≥ km[n-°n-√. thZ-ßf - n-√, {_m“-Wß-fn-√, cmam-bW - Øn-en-√, KoX-bnepw alm-`m-cX - Øn-ep-an√ hntZ-iØp \n∂pw h∂-h¿ \Ωsf hnfn®v hnfn®v \ap°v lnµp-sh∂ t]cv Dd-®p.

''

\n∂pw ]pd-Øp-t]m-b-h-cmWv F∂mWv At±l-Øns‚ aXw. Cs√-¶n¬ sXfnhp \¬Iq, Ah¿ FhnsS \n∂pw h∂-hc - m-sW-∂v. \Ωƒ CXm sXfnhp \¬Ip-∂p. ChnsS ]Tn∏n°p∂p Bcy≥am¿ Cdm≥ XpS-ßnb tZi-ßfn¬ \n∂p h∂p-sh∂v. Cdm-\n¬ ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p. Ah¿ Bcymw-K-tZ-iØp \n∂p h∂psh∂v, Bcym-h¿Ø-Øn¬ \n∂p h∂p-sh∂v C∂pw Ah-cpsS hnam\ k¿∆o-kns‚ t]cv "Bcym\' F∂m-Wv. Ah¿ ]d-bp∂p Ah¿ Bcy≥am-cpsS k¥m-\-ß-fm-sW-∂v. Bcy≥ i_vZ-Øns‚ hnIr-X-cq-]-amWv Cdm≥ F∂ hm°v. \mw \ΩpsS t]cv ]q¿W-ambn am‰n, Bcym-h¿Øw F∂ t]cv Bcpw tI´n-´p-t]mep-an√! ChnsS Bcy-sa∂pw {Zmhn-U-sa∂pw c≠v kwkv°m-c-ß-fn-√, D≈Xv {]mtZ-inI t`Zw am{Xw. ?Cdms\ Bcy- t Ziw F∂p ]d- b p∂p F∂m¬ a‰p cmPy-߃°v F¥p-sIm≠v Bcy-i_ - vZh - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ t]cv e`n-®n√? = `mc-X-Øn¬ \n∂pw Bcy≥am¿ Cdm\n¬ t]mbn. "Acym\' F∂ t]cv \¬In B cmPyØp hmk-ap-d∏ - n-®p. Bcy≥ {ItaW Cdm≥ Bbn amdn. DZm-l-c-W-Øn\v ]≠p ImeØv kv{XoIƒ ]pcp-j≥amsc kwt_m[\ sNbvXn-cp-∂Xv "Bcy-]p{X' F∂m-bn-cp∂p. Bcy F∂ ]Zw {ItaW BPv, BsPPm, BPv, APo, Po C∂p \mw _lp-am-\]p-c- cw {]tbm-Kn-°p∂ "Pn' i_vZw "Bcy' i_vZ-hp-ambn tN¿∂-Xm-Wv. "A]n A¥cmWn Bcy(Rm≥ AI- t Ø°p hcs´ Bcy) t\m°q F{]-Im-ca - mWv "Bcy' i_vZw "Pn' Bbn amdn-b-sX-∂v. C\n sshøm-I-c-W\mb ]mWn-\n, At±lw A^vKm-\n-ÿm-\nemWv P\n-®Xv Bcpw Bcym-h¿Ø-Øns‚ `mK-am-bn-cp-∂n-t√. tZi-߃ ]pXp-Xmbn cq]s∏-SpI Ft∏mgpw \S-∂p-h-cp-∂-XmWv Fs‚ I¨ap-ºn-emWv ]m°n-ÿm≥ F∂p ]pXnb cmPyw cq]w sIm≠-Xv. ? `mc-X-Ønse hnhn[ {]m¥-ß-fn-ep≈ ]e {_m“W "PmXn'°m¿ ]c-ip-cm-as\ XßfpsS Hcp t\Xm- h mbn I≠phcp- ∂ p- ≠ v . BcmWv Cu ]c-ip-cm-a≥? = ]c- i p- c m- a ≥ alm- h n- Z zm- \ mb Hcp {_m“-W-\m-bn-cp-∂p. ]t£ £{Xn-tbm-Nn-Xamb KpW-ß-tfbpw kzoI-cn-®n-cp-∂p. Xs‚ Imcyw AwKo-I-cn-®n-s√-¶n¬ agp FSp-°p-ambn-cp-∂p. thZ-Øn¬ Hcp a{¥-ap-≠v. "b{X {_lv N £{Xw N' {_lva i‡nbpw £{Xn i‡nbpw F∂v. ]c-ip-cm-as‚ h¿N v £m{Xhocyw sIm≠mWv AtX kabw At±lw alm-]-WvUn-X-\mb km[-I-\p-am-bn-cp-∂p. hnZzØ-X-bn-ep-]cn ]cm-{I-a-im-en-Xz-am-bn-cn-

17 Unkw-_¿ 09 lncWy 17


°Ww kmap-Zm-bnI kwL-ßsf kzm[o-\n®-Xv. At±lw {_m“W Ipe-Øn¬ ]nd-∂h-\m-bn-cp-∂p. ? Cu ]c-ip-cm-a-s\-°p-dn®v tIc-f-Øn¬ Hcp sFXnlyw \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-≠v. ]c-ip-cm-a≥ agp-sh-dn™v IS¬ ]nd-tIm´p amdn D≠m-bXmWv tIcfw F∂v. Aß-s\-sb-¶n¬ Cu ]c-ip-cm-a≥ BcmWv! = CXv Cuiz-co-b-amb krjvSn-{I-a-Øn\p hn]-co-Xa - m-Wv. Bcp agp-sh-dn-™mepw kap{Zw ]pd-tIm´p t]mIn-√. ? C∂v thZ-߃°v F{X-tØmfw {]k-‡nbp≠v? = `mc-X-sØ-°p-dn®v Rms\m∂pw ]d-bp∂n-√. F∂m¬ temI-sØ-√m-bn-SØpw {]k‡nbpw kzm[o-\hpw IqSn hcp-∂-Xm-bmWv \mw ImWp-∂-Xv. \nc-h[n k¿h-I-em-imeIfn¬ C∂v kwkvIrXw ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. ChnsS th≠ coXn-bn¬ ]T\w \S-°p-∂n√ F∂Xv \ΩpsS Zu¿`m- K y- a m- W v . ChnsS CXns\ arX-`mj Fs∂m-s°-bmWv hntijn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. thZ-ß-fpsS ÿm\w F∂pw D∂-Xa - m-Wv. Hcn-°epw AXn-s\mcp am‰w D≠mhp-I-bn-√. ?{ipXn F∂p ]d-bp∂ thZw BZn-Imew apX¬ C∂p-hsc am‰-sam∂pw IqSmsX kwc£n-°-s∏-´n-´pt≠m? As√-¶n¬ AXn-se-t∏msg-¶nepw Iq´n-t®¿°-ep-Itfm sh´n-°p-d-°ep-Itfm \S-∂n-´pt≠m? = C∂p-hsc AXv kwc-£n-°-s∏-´p-h-∂n´p-≠.v Hc-£c - tam Hcp am{X t]meptam AXn¬ hyXymkw h∂n-´n-√. Hcp DZm-lc - Ww ]d-bmw. thZ- ß ƒ°v PSm- ] mTw L\- ] mTw F∂nßs\ Nne coXn-I-fp-≠v. B sNm√-ep-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]co-£-I-fn¬ \n∂pw IrXy-ambn a\ n-em-°mw, bmsXmcp hyXym-khpw h∂n-´ns√-∂v. ? thZ-ß-fn¬ Ncn-{X-]-c-amb ]cm-a¿i-߃ Dt≠m? = Ncn-{X-]-c-amb bmsXmcp ]cm-a¿ihpw thZ-ßf - n¬ C√. Adn-hmWv thZw Adnhv Ncn{X-a√ - . ? KwK F∂ t]cv thZ-Øn¬ hcp-∂p-≠v. AXv Ncn-{X-at√? = A√, thZ-Øn¬ \n∂pw \mw kzoIcn® t]cpIfmWv KwK, bap-\, kc-kzXn F∂- s Xms°. inh- k - ¶ - e v ] - k q- ‡ - Ø n¬ Bdp-X-hW Fs‚ t]cv ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. Iptd Xe-ap-d-Iƒ°v tijw Fs‚ ]n≥ap-d-°m¿°v ]dbmw Rß-fpsS {]]n-Xm-a-ls‚ aI\p

""

kwkv I rXw Bcy- ` mjbm- W v . ImcWw AXv kwkvIr-X-\n-jvT-amWv, AXn¬ sX‰p-If - n-√, Ipd-hp-Iƒ lnµn-bn-ep-≠m-Imw, Cw•o-jn-ep-≠mImw. thZ-ß-fpsS `mj-bn¬ Hcp Ipdhpw C√. Xan-gn¬ A£-cß - ƒ apgp-h≥ C√. I,J,L F√m-Øn\pw AXn\v "I' am{X-am-Wv.

tIc-fo-b\mb {io. sI.-B¿. \mcm-bW≥ ]d™p: BZyw Rß-fpsS `mj-bmWv D≠m-bX - ,v AXn-\p-tij-amWv thZw D≠mb-X.v ImcWw EtKz-ZØnse BZy-a-{¥Øn¬ "AKv-\naotf' F∂p ]dbp-∂p-≠v. "f' i_vZw Z£nW `mc-XØnte {]Nm-cØ - nep-≈q.

tij-amWv thZw D≠m-bXv ImcWw AXn¬ At±- l - Ø ns‚ t]cv ]d- b p- ∂ p≠v F∂v . \ΩpsS Hcp cmjv{S-]Xn Hcn-°¬ CXp-t]mep-s≈mcp ]cm-a¿iw \S-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. a‰m-cpa√ tIc-fo-b\ - mb {io. sI.-B¿. \mcm-bW - ≥. At±lw ]d™p BZyw Rß-fpsS `mjbmWv D≠m-b-Xv, AXn-\p-ti-j-amWv thZw D≠m-b-Xv. ImcWw EtKz-Z-Ønse BZy-a-{¥Øn¬ "AKv-\n-aotf' F∂p ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. "f' i_vZw Z£nW `mc-X-Ønte {]Nm-c-Øn-ep≈q. AXp- s Im≠v thZw {]mN- o \- a √. At±lw {]kvXm-h-\-bn-d-°n. At±lw cmjv{S- ] - X n- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p, F√m am[y- a - ß fpw At±lw ]d-bp-∂Xv {i≤m-]q¿∆w tIƒ°pw. BcmWv At±-lØ - n\v adp-]Sn ]d-bp-I. Bcyk-am-P-°m¿ adp-]Sn \¬Im≥ Xøm-dm-bn, At±-l-hpambn _‘-s∏-´p. Rß-sf-°mWm≥ At±lw hnk- Ω - X n- ® p. R߃ ]d™p F¶n¬ Cu hnjbw s]mXp-P-\-ßfn- t e- s °- Ø n- ° pw, Aßp ]d- ™ - X ns\ JWvUn-®p-sIm≠v s]mXp-tbm-K-߃ kwLSn- ∏ n- ° pw. Aßv Rß- t fm- s Sm- ∏ - a n- c p∂v N¿®bv°v Xøm-dm-hp-I. At∏mƒ At±-lØn\v th≠-s∏´ tUm. e£vao-a¬ knwLvhn (tIm¨{Kkv t\Xm- h mb A`n- t jIv knwLvhnbpsS ]nXm-hv) At±lw Ct∏m-gn√, R߃°v t^m¨ sNbvXp. F\n-°mWv cmjv{S-]-Xn-tbmSv kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ A©wK Soans\ \bn-°m≥ Ah-kcw e`n-®Xv. hfsc kvt\l-]q¿∆w At±lw Rßsf kzoI-cn-®p. At±-lØns‚ hmZw apt∂m-´psh-®p. Rm≥ inh-k-¶-ev]-kq-‡-Øns‚ DZml-c-Whpw ]d-™p. \o≠ N¿®-Iƒs°m-Sphn¬ At±lw ]d™p Rm≥ thZw hmbn®n-´n-√, F\n°p kwkvIr-X-a-dn-bn-√. amIvkv ap≈- s c- t ∏m- e p≈ Nne- c psS {KŸ- ß ƒ am{Xta Rm≥ I≠n-´p-≈p.

''

Rm≥ ]d-™p-h-∂Xv thZ-ß-fn¬ Ncn{X-an√ F∂m-Wv.

lncWy

 18 Unkw-_¿ 09


thZhpw Rm\pw

BNm-cys‚ A\p-tam-Z\w

Cuiz-c≥ \¬Inb KpcpXzw Pn-\nØv. Fw.

am

-c-Iamb tcm-K-Øn-\-Sn-as∏-´v Po-hn-Xw B I-dp-Ø A-[ym-b-Øn-eq-sS I-S∂pt]m-Ip-tºm-gm-Wv H-cp Znhkw am-Xr-`q-an-bn-¬ Imiy-] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^u-t≠-j-≥ kw-L-Sn-∏n-°p-∂ 'tjm-U-i{In-b'I-sf-°p-dn-®p-≈ H-cp ¢m- k v Km- ‘ n- K r- l - Ø n- ¬ sh-®v \-S-°p-∂p F-∂v a-\- n-em-°m-≥ km-[n®Xv. 'tjm-U-i-{In-b' F-∂ hm-°v A-∂v BZy-am-bm-Wv tI-´Xv. Cu {In-b F-¥m-sW-∂v H-∂p a-\- n-em°mw F-∂v I-cp-Xn H-∂p t]mhm-≥ X-s∂ Xo-cp-am-\n®p. Imiy-] th-Z dnk¿-®v ^u-t≠-j-s\-°p-dn-®v ap≥-]v ]-eX-hW ]-{X-Øn-¬ hm-bn-®n-´p≠v. Pm-Xn-enw-K-t`-P-

Z-sa-t\y th-Zw ]-Tn-∏n-bv-°p∂p, Pm-Xn-enw-K-t`Z-at- \y 40 Ip-´n-Iƒ-°v D-]\ - b-\w \-SØn, Cßs\ \o-fp-∂p........ B ]-´n-I. F-∂m-¬ Imiy] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^u-t≠-j-s\-°p-dn-®v Iq-SpX-¬ A-dnbmt\m at‰m Rm-≥ {i-an-®n-cp-∂n√. F-∂m-¬ th-Zw ]-Tn-bv-°-W-sa-∂ hen-b B-{K-lw F-t∏mgpw a-\- n-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂p. ]Xn-hm-bn Rm-≥ Cu-izc-s\ {]m-¿-∞n-bv-°ptºm-ƒ ]-d-bp-∂ H-cp Im-cy-am-bn-cp∂p "Cuiz-cm F-\n-bv-°v th-Zhpw im-kv-{Xhpw ]-Tn-bv°m-\p-≈ A-h-k-c-ap-≠m-°n-X-c-tW'' A-Xn-\mbn H-cp D-Ø-a-Kp-cp-hn-s\ F-\n-bv-°v Xc-tW'' F-∂Xv. Aßs\ 'tjm-U-i-{In-b' kw-_-‘n®p-≈ ¢m-kv \-S-°p-∂ Znh-kw h-s∂Øn. A∂v H-cp sNm-∆m-gv-N-bm-bn-cp∂p. Aß-s\ sshIp-t∂cw 5.15\v Hm-^o-kn-¬ \n-∂n-d-ßn-b-t∏mƒ sNdn-b Nm-‰-¬ a-g-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. C-Xp Imc-Ww km-[m-c-W ln-µp-hn\p≠m-hm-dp-≈

19 Unkw-_¿ 09 lncWy 19


A-e-k-X-bpw, ]n-t∂m-´p-h-en-bepw F-∂nepw {]-I-S-ambn. Aß-s\ ¢m-kn-¬ 't]mtWm' 't]mt≠' F-∂p-≈ Ah-ÿm hn-ti-jw D≠mbn. A-t∏mƒ B h-gn h-∂ Hm-t´m-dn-£bv-°v sh-dp-sX H-∂p ssI-\o-´n-b-t∏m-ƒ dn-£ F-s‚ ap-∂n-¬ \n¿-Øn ]n-s∂ \n-hr-Øn-bn√m-Xmbn. A-t±-lw F-tßm-´m-sW-∂v tNm-Zn®-t∏m-ƒ 'Km-‘n-Krlw' F-∂v ]-d™p. Km‘n-Kr-l-Øn-¬ Rm-≥ F-Ønb-Xv {]-kv-Xp-X]-cn-]m-Sn-bp-sS D-Zv-LmS-\w I-gn-™-Xn-\p-tij-amWv. A-Xn-\p-ti-jw ln-µp-[-¿-Ω-sØ-°pdn-®v H-cp sN-dp-∏-°mc-s‚ {]-`m-j-W-ap-≠m-bncp∂p. Cu {]-`mj-Ww B-cw-`n-®t- ∏m-gm-Wv Rm≥ A-hn-sS F-Øn-bn-cp-∂Xv. Cu sN-dp-∏-°mcs‚ {]-`m-jW - N - m-cp-Xb - pw, Du-¿÷ - k - z-eX - b - pw, Hmtcm hm-°n-s‚bpw aq-¿-®bpw F-s∂ A-¤pX-s∏-SpØn. A-∂v ln-µp-kw-kv-°m-c-sØ-°pdn-®v F-\n-bv-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂ A-dn-hn-¬ \n∂pw Xn-I®pw hy-Xy-kvX - ß - fm-b A-dn-hp-If - m-Wv Abm-fp-sS {]-`m-j-W-Øn-¬ \n∂pw a-\- n-em°m- ≥ km- [ n- ® Xv . Rm- ≥ ]- e - X n- t \bpw tNmZyw sN-bv-Xp-sh-¶nepw A-h-¿ H-cp X-¿-°Øn-\v X-øm-dm-hm-sX ]n-≥-am-dp-I-bm-Wp-≠mbXv. A-∂m-Wv Rm-≥ A-Xph-sc a-\- n-em°nb-Xv i-cnbm-tWm? F∂ t_m-[w F-∂n¬ h-cm-\n-S-bmb-Xv A-∂v ]-cn-]m-Sn I-gn-™t∏m-ƒ Rm-≥ A-h-cp-am-bn A-Sp-Øp A-h-¿ F-hn-sS \n-∂m-Wv C-sX√mw ]-Tn-®-sX-∂pw, B-Nm-cy-≥ B-cm-sW∂pw Rm-≥ B-cm™p. A-t∏m-gm-Wv A-h¿ - Imiy-] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^ut≠-j\ - n-se th-Zh - n-Zym-¿∞ - n-If - m-sW-∂pw, Ah-cp-sS B-Nm-cy≥ Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jv BsW∂pw a-\- n-em-°m-≥ km-[n-®Xv. Rm-≥ A-h-tcm-Sv A-Sp-Ø ¢m-kv B-cw-`n-bv-°p-tºmƒ F-s∂ A-dn-bn-bv-°m-≥ ]-d-bp-I-bpw, Fs‚ A-{U pw sam-ss_-¬ \-ºdpw A-h-cn¬ F-gp-Xn sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. ]n-∂o-Sv F-s‚ a-\- n-¬ A-Sp-Ø _m-®v ¢m-kv F-\nbv-°v \-„-s∏-´p t]mIptam F-∂ th-h-em-Xn B-bn-cp∂p. B-b-Xn-\m-¬ Rm-≥ H-cp Znh-kw Imiy-] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^u-t≠j-≥ Hm-^okn-¬ X-s∂ t]m-bn t]-cv c-Pn-Ã-¿ sN-bvXp. A-t∏m-gm-Wv B-Nm-cy Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jv Ah-¿-I-ƒ am-Xr-`q-an-bn-¬ B-Wv tPm-en sN-øp∂-sX-∂v a-\- n-em-°m-≥ km-[n-®Xv. Aßs\ A-hn-sS tPm-en sN-bv-Xn-cp-∂ F-s‚ H-cp kp-lr-Øv ap-Jm-¥n-cw Rm-≥ B-Nm-cy-s\ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sm-≥ C-S-bm-hp-Ibpw Aß-s\ ]pXnb _m-®n-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S-\-Øn-\v h-∂v t]-cv c-PnÃ-¿ sN-øm-≥ A-t±-lw \n-¿-t±-in-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv k-c-kz-Xo-I-em-Ip-Rv-Pn-¬

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sN-dp-∏°mc-s‚ {]-`m-j-WNm-cp-Xb - pw, Du-¿÷ - k - ze-Xb - pw, Hmtcm hm°n-s‚bpw aq-¿® - bpw F-s∂ A¤p-Xs - ∏SpØn. F-\n-bv° - p≠m-bn-cp-∂ A-dn-hn-¬ \n∂pw XnI®pw hyXy-kX v- ßfm-b Adn-hp-I-fm-Wv A-bm-fp-sS {]-`m-j-WØn-¬ \n∂pw a-\ n-em-°m-≥ km-[n-®Xv.

lncWy

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sh-®m-bn-cp-∂p ]pXn-b _m-®n-s‚ D-Zv-Lm-S\hpw c-Pn-kv-t{S-j-\pw. D-Zv-Lm-S-\ {]-`m-j-WØn-\p-ti-jw U-b-d-Œ-¿-amcn-sem-cm-ƒ A-\p`hw hn-h-cn-bv-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. A-Xv Fs∂ Cuiz-c-hm-Wnbm-b 'th-Zw ' ]-Tn-®v B-Nc-Ww sNbv-Xm-¬ H-cp a-\p-jy-\v h-cp-∂ 'Kp-W'ßfpw 'sF-iz-cy-hpw' th-Zw ]-Tn-bv-t°-≠ A-\n-hm-cyX-sb-°p-dn-®p-≈ A-h-t_m-[-Øn-\n-S-bm°n. ]n-∂o-Sv Iu-≠-dn-¬ ]pXn-b ¢m-kn-¬ tN-cm\p-≈ B-fp-I-fp-sS Xn-°pw, Xn-c°pw F-s∂ B-›-cy-s∏-SpØn. ]n-s∂ H-∂pw B-tem-Nn-

Pn\nØv. Fw., aI≥ kn≤m¿∞v, `mcy kpPn-j

®n-√. BZyw F-\n-bv-°v am{Xw hm-ßnb t^man-s‚ Iq-sS Xs∂, F-s‚ `m-cy-bv-°pw, Ip-´nbv°pw Cu ¢m-kn-¬ tN-cm-≥ km-[n-®n-s√-¶n¬ A-Xv h-≥ \-„-am-hp-sa-∂p≈ t_m-Zw F\n-bv-°p-f-hm-Ip-I-bpw aq-∂p t]-¿-°p-ap≈ t^m-dw hm-ßn ]q-cn-∏n-®v A-t∏m-ƒ X-s∂ t]¿ c-Pn-Ã-¿ sN-øp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. sXm-´-Sp-Ø Rm-bd - m-gvN - b - m-bn-cp-∂p ¢m-kn-s‚ B-cw`w. At]£m-t^m-dØn-t\m-sSm-∏w In´n-b sNdn-b en-Jn-X-ß-fn-¬ ¢m-kn-s‚ Nn-´-h-´-hpw, k-abhpw tc-J-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp∂p. I-Wn-i-X-bpw, cm-hnse 7.30\v ¢m-kn-¬ F-Ø-W-sa-∂ \n-¿-

20 Unkw-_¿ 09


t±-ihpw Rß-sf A-tem-k-c-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cps∂-¶nepw H-∂ma-sØ ¢m-kn-¬ B-Nm-cy-s‚ {]-`m-j-W-hpw, a-{¥-km-[-\m-¢mkpw tI-´t∏mƒ temI-Øv C-\n F-s¥m-s° kw-`-hn®mepw R-ß-fp-s≠-¶n-¬ Rm-b-dmgv-N cmhnse 7.30\v ]m-¿-∞-kmc-Yn lm-fn-¬ D-≠mhp-sa-∂ Zr-V-\n›-bw Rß-sf F-Sp-∏n-bv-°m\n-S-bm-°p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. A-{X-bv-°v Kw-`oc-ßf - m-bn-cp-∂p A-hn-Sp-∂t- ßm-´p-≈ Hmtcm ¢mkpw, R-ß-ƒ hf-sc s]-s´-∂v X-s∂ A∂∂v F-Sp-°p-∂ a-{¥-ß-fpw, A-¿-∞-ßfpw Ir-

Xy-am-bn ]-Tn-®n-cp∂p. Aß-s\ a-lm-]m-]n-bmb P-\n-®, hn-Lv-\-ß-fp-sS ]-c-º-c-bn-eq-sS bm{X sN-bv-X, Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ H-cp k-t¥m-jhpw A-\p-`-hn-bv-°m-Xn-cp-∂ F-s‚ Po-hn-X-Øn-tebv-°v ]pXn-b {]-Xo-£-I-fpw, Po-hn-Xw X-s∂ A-¿-∞-h-Øm-bn am-dp-Ibpw sN-bvXp. F-\nbv-°v am-{X-a-√ F-s‚ a-I-\pw, `m-cy-bv°pw AXn-i-b-I-cam-b am-‰-ß-ƒ s]-s´-∂v X-s∂ h∂p Xp-Sßn. th-Z-hmWn 'Im-a-t[\p' B-Ip∂p. th-Zw a-\p-jy-s‚ C-—-I-sf√mw km-[n®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ A-£-b-\n-[n-bmWv. th-Z-]m-cmb-Ww \n-

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H-∂ma-sØ ¢m-kn-¬ B-Nm-cys‚ {]-`mj-W-hpw, a-{¥-km-[\m-¢mkpw tI-´t- ∏mƒ temI-Øv C-\n Fs¥m-s° kw-`-hn®mepw Rß-fp-s≠¶n-¬ Rmb-dmgv-N cmhnse 7.30\v ]m-¿∞-kmc-Yn lm-fn-¬ D≠m-hp-sa∂ Zr-V\n›-bw RßsfSpØp.

lncWy

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Xyhpw sN-øp-I-bpw, th-Zw A-\y-sc ]-Tn-∏n-®v {]-N-cn-∏n-bv-°p-∂-Xnepw H-cn-bv-°epw A-{i-≤ A-cp-sX-∂v th-Zw X-s∂ \-tΩm-Sv ]-d-bp∂p. th-Z kzm-[ym-b {]-N-c-Whpw ]m-]-`m-cw ]pWy-w sIm-≠v a-dn-I-S-°m-≥ \Ω-sf {]m-]v-Xcm-°p-∂p-sh-∂v th-Zw X-s∂ ]-d-bp-∂p. k-¿∆-hym-]n-bm-bn h-¿-Øn-bv-°p-∂ P-K-Zo-izc-s\ {]m-]n-bv-°m-\pw, Z-¿-in-bv-°m\pw aq-∂mw-[maamb tam-£m-·n-b-S-bp-∂-Xn-\m-Wv \-Ωƒ sshZn-I B-N-c-W-ß-ƒ sN-øp-∂-Xv. E-°p-IfpsS (th-Z-a-{¥-ß-fpsS) A-¥n-a-e£yw hnin-„ kz-cq-]w I-hn-™v In-S-°p-∂ ip-≤-kzcq-]( Aar-X)Øn-se-Øp-I-bm-Wv. {_-“b - ⁄ am-b k-‘ym-hµ - \ - Ø - n-eq-sS {_-“-kz-cq-]nbm-b Cu-izc-s\ {]m-]n-bv-°m\pw, Z-¿-i-\-hp-am-Wv \-Ωƒ-°v {Ita-W km[y-am-Ip-∂Xv. A-Xn-te-°v \-Ω-ƒ A-dn-bm-sX Xs∂ Cu D-]m-k-\ \Ω-sf sIm-s≠-Øn-bn°p-∂p. tZ-h-b-⁄am-b A·n-tlm-{X-ØneqsS Cu {]-]-©-kr-„n-sb-°p-dn®v Hm-¿-°m\pw, A-Xn-eqsS Cu-iz-ct- \m-Sp-≈ A-N© - e - amb `-‡n / t{]-aw \-Ω-fn-¬ D-Wcm-\pw, {ItaW A-Xn-eq-sS B-Xvao-b ]p-tcmK-Xn \-Ω-fn¬ ssI-h-cm\pw C-S-h-cp-∂p. ¢m-kn-¬ tN¿-∂v aq∂mw am-k-am-b-t∏mtg-bv-°v B-Nm-cy-s‚ ho-´n-¬ A-t±l-sØ ImWp-∂-Xn-\p-≈ `mKyw F-\n-bv-°p-≠mbn. Rm≥ A-Xn-\m-bn Imiy-] th-Z dn-k¿-®v ^ut≠-j-≥ `m-c-hm-ln-I-fp-am-bn _-‘-s∏-´ A∂v X-s∂ A-t±-l-Øn-s\ Im-Wm-\p-≈ A\p-hm-Zw In´n. C-{X s]-s´-∂v B `m-Kyw D≠m-hp-sa-∂v {]-Xo-£b - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. ]-s£ Rm-≥ hn-fn-® A-∂v D-®-bv-°p X-s∂ B Znhkw ssh-Ip-t∂-cw Ggp a-Wn-bv-°v B-Nm-cy≥ Im-Wm-\p-≈ A-\p-hm-Zw X-∂n-´p-s≠-∂v hnh-cw In-´p-I-bm-Wp-≠m-bXv. A-{]-Xo-£nXam-bXp-sIm-≠p X-s∂ G-Xm\pw a-Wn-°q-dpI-ƒ-°p-≈n-¬ A-t±-l-Øn-s\ Im-Wm≥ t]mIp∂Xv Hm¿-Øv `o-Xn-bpw, A-t±-l-Øn-\v Fs¥-¶nepw sIm≠p-t]m-Im-≥ A-∂v Im-iv H∂pw C-√m-Ø ]-cn-{`m-¥nbpw F-s∂ A-e´n. A-∂v cm-hn-se Im-sim∂pw C-√m-Ø-Xn-\m-¬ H-cp sNdn-b _n-kn-\- n-¬ \n∂pw h-cm-\p-≠mbn-cp-∂ I-Ωo-j-≥ h-∂n-´pt≠m F-∂v _m-¶v F.Sn.F-Ωn¬ t\m-°n-bmWv Hm-^o-kn-¬ FØn-bXv. F-¶n-epw D-®-bv°v Cu hn-h-cw In-´nb-t∏m-ƒ Hcp Hm-t´m-dn-£ hn-fn-®v ho≠pw CtX _m-¶v F.Sn.F-Ωn¬ t]m-b-t∏m-ƒ F-\nbv-°v th-≠Xm-b Im-iv A-hn-sS-bp-≠m-bncp∂p! am-{X-a-√ Im-iv F-Sp-Øv Xn-cn-®p-h-∂-

21 Unkw-_¿ 09


t∏m-gmIs´ Hm-t´m-dn-£-°m-c-≥ Im-iv hm-ßmsX t]m-bn-cp∂p. B-Nm-cy-s‚ ho-´n¬ t]m-b A-\p`-hw Fs∂ hfsc Du-¿-÷-kz-e-s∏-SpØm-≥ C-S-bm°n. F-s‚ F-√m hn-j-a-ßfpw ap-ºp≠m-b Zp-c-\p-`-h-ßfpw A-t±-l-tØmSv hf-sc hn-j-a-tØm-sS A-dn-bn®p. A-t±-lw F-t∂m-Sv ]-d™p. \o H∂p-sIm-≠pw hn-j-anbv-t°-≠ \n-\-bv-°v th-≠n Rm-≥ F∂pw {]m¿-∞n-bv-°pw. \n\-°v H∂pw kw-`-hn-bv-°n-√ F∂ hm-°v A-∂v F-s‚ a-\- n-¬ A-t∏m-ƒ th-≠Xm-b Du¿-÷w \n-d-bv-°m-≥ ]-cym-]v-Xam-bn-cp∂p. K-h-¨-sa-‚ v k-¿-∆o-kn-¬ 16 h-¿j-am-bn-cp-∂n´pw H∂pw k-ºm-Zn-°m-\m-Im-sX I-S-Øn-¬ \n-∂v I-S-Øn-te-bv-°v \o-ßn-bn-cp∂ F-\n-bv-°v ho-Sp-≠m-°m-\m-bn H-cp I-√v t]mepw kw-`-cn-bv-°m-≥ km-[n-®n-cp-∂n-√. BNm-cy-≥ ho-´n-¬ sN-∂-t∏m-ƒ ]-d™ B Imcyw . "\o DS-s\ ]pXn-b ho-Sp-≠m--°Ww.'' F-∂n-´v ]pXn-b Po-hn-Xw \-bn-°-W-sa-∂ \n-¿t±-iw A-tX Xp-S¿-∂v B Im-cy-Øn-te-bv-°mbn ]n-s∂ F-s‚ {i-≤. kz-¥-am-bn H-cp cq] t]mepw k-ºm-Zy-am-bn \n-e-\n-¿-Øm-≥ I-gn-bmXn-cp-∂ F-\n-bv-°v ho-Sv H-cp kz-]v-\w X-s∂bm-bn-cp∂p. ]-s£ H-cp ho-Sn-s‚ cq]-c-J hc®v Rm-≥ H-cn-b° v- ¬ - B-Nm-cy-s‚ A-Sp-Øv t]mbn th-≠ \n-¿-t±-i-ß-ƒ B-cm-bp-Ibpw A-t±lw th-≠ \n-¿-t±-i-tØm-sSbpw A-\p-{K-ltØm-sSbpw X-s∂ B πm-≥ F-\n-bv-°v X∂n-´v ]-d™p s]-s´-∂v ]-Wn-Xocpw F-s‚ F√m A-\p-{K-l-ßfpw \n\-°v D-≠m-hpw. At±-lw ]-d™ t]m-se X-s∂ C-t∏m-ƒ ho-Sv A-hkm-\ ]-Wn-bn-emWv. ]-Ww ]-e-`m-K-ßfn-¬ \n∂pw b-tY-„w h∂p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. F¥v Im-cy-Øn\p-t]m-bmepw Im-cy-ß-ƒ s]-s´∂v X-s∂ \-S-°p∂-Xv F-s∂ B-›-cy-s∏-SpØn-bn-cp∂p. A-Xn-\n-sS ^-tdm-°v k-Xv-kw-KØn-s‚ H-cp {][m-\ Npa-X-e B-Nm-cy-≥ Fs∂ G-¬-∏n-°p-Ibpw F-\n-bv-°m-hp-∂-hn-[w B Npa-X-e \n-d-th-‰p-Ibpw sN-bv-Xn-cp∂p. AXn-\p-≈ ^-e-hpw s]-s´-∂v X-s∂ ssI-h∂p. I-gn-™ 'Kp-cp-]q-¿-Wn-a' \m-fn-¬ ^-tdm-°v kXv-kw-Kw G-‰hpw \-√ k-Xv-kw-K-am-bn Xn-cs™-Sp-°p-Ibpw 'Kp-cp-]q-¿Wn-a'bv-°v X-s∂ Kp-cp-hn-¬ \n-∂v H-cp \-√ k-Ωm-\hpw F-\n-bv°v e-`n-°p-I-bp-≠mbn. A-Xv F-s‚ a-lm-`mKy-am-bn Rm-≥ I-cp-Xp∂p. G-Xv in-jy-t‚bpw H-cp B-{K-l-am-Wv B-Nm-cy-≥ X-s‚ ho-´n-¬ h-∂v A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ A-\p-{K-lw In-´-W-sa∂p-≈Xv. Rm-≥ km-[-\ I-gn-™m-¬ ]-et∏mgpw `mcy-tbm-Sv ]-d-bm-dp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p BNm-cy-≥ H-cp-\m-ƒ F-¥m-bm-epw \-Ωp-sS ho-´n-

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K-h¨ - s - a-‚ v k-¿-∆o-kn-¬ 16 h-¿-j-ambn-cp-∂n´pw F-\n-b° v- v ho-Sp-≠m-°m\m-bn H-cp I-√v t]mepw kw-`c - n-bv° - m≥ km-[n-®ncp-∂n-√. B-Nm-cy-≥ ho-´n-¬ sN∂-t∏m-ƒ ]d™p ""\o DS-s\ ]pXnb ho-Sp-≠mbv° - Ww.'' Ct∏mƒ hoSv Ahkm-\-]-Wnbn-em-Wv.

lncWy

''

¬ h-cp-sa∂v. A-t∏m-ƒ A-h-ƒ ]-d-bp-am-bn-cp∂p A-t±-lw hf-sc Xn-c-°p-≈ Bf-t√ \Ωp-sS ¢m-kn¬ t]mepw F-∂pw F-Øm-≥ ]‰m-Ø A-t±-l-Øn-\v F-ßn-s\-bm-Wv \-Ωp-sS ho-´n-¬ h-cm-≥ ]-‰p-I. am-{Xa-√ Cu B-{K-lw \n-ß-sf-t∏m-se F-√m in-jy-≥-am-¿°pw D-≠mhn-t√ F∂pw A-t∏mgpw F-s‚ a\- v ]d™p. F-s‚ km-[-\ Ir-Xy-am-sW-¶n-¬ BNm-cy-≥ \-Ωp-sS ho-´n-¬ h-cp-sa∂v. AXpw hfsc s]-s´-∂v X-s∂ kw-`-hn®p. H-cp Znh-kw Rm-≥ Cu Imcyw ho≠pw B-h-¿-Øn-®v ]d™v ssh-In-bn-´v Ip-fn-bv-°m≥ t]m-b-t∏m-gmWv B-Nm-cy-≥ \-Ωp-sS ho-´n-¬ h-cp-∂p-s≠∂ t^m-¨ k-tµ-iw h-∂Xv. A-Xv hf-sc A-Zv`p-X-tØm-sS `m-cy F-s∂ A-dn-bn®p. Aßs\ B `m-Kyhpw R-ß-fp-sS km-[-\-bn-eq-sS R-߃-°v ssI-h-∂p˛\mw hn-Nm-cn-bv-°p-tºmtg-bv-°v {]-Xo-£n-® B-ƒ \-sΩ tX-Sn h-cpI, km-º-Øn-Iam-b _p-≤n-ap-´p-≠m-hp-tºm-ƒ F-ß-s\-sb-¶nepw ]-Ww ssI-h-cp-I, Im-cyß-sf-√mw (\-S-°n-√ F-∂v tXm-∂p-∂Xp-t]mepw) `w-Kn-bm-bn \-S°p-I C-sX√mw sIm-≠v {]-Xo-£m-\n-¿-`-c-cm-bn B-\-µ-I-cam-b Po-hn-Xam-Wv \-bn-°p-∂Xv, a-e-bm-fw ao-Un-bw kv-Iqfn-¬ \n-∂pw, Cw-•o-jv ao-Un-bw kv-Iq-fn-¬ tN¿-Ø k-a-b-Øm-Wv a-I\pw R-ß-fp-sS Iq-sS X-s∂ th-Z-]T-- -\-Øn-\m-bn tN-¿-∂Xv. Cw-•ojv `m-j-bn-¬ ]-T-\-Øn-\v Ah-\v hf-sc _p≤n-ap-´v A-\p-`-h-s∏-´v tNm-Zy-Øn-\p-≈ D-Ø-cß-sf√mw Rm-≥ Np-cp-°n X-øm-dm-°n sImSp-°m-dm-bn-cp-∂p ]-Xnhv. F-∂m-¬ a-{¥-km-[\ Xp-S-ßn-b-tXm-sS A-h-\n-¬ hf-sc s]-s´∂v X-s∂ am-‰ß - ƒ - I-≠p-Xp-Sßn. F-{X henb tNm-Zy D-Ø-chpw H-cp {]m-hiyw am-{X-ta Ah-≥ hm-bn-°m-dp-≈q Ah-\v A-Xv kzm-b-Øam-bn-´p-≠m-hpw. `m-cy-bmh-s´ A-h-fp-sS kv-Iqfn-se Ip-´n-I-fp-tSbpw a-‰v A≤ym-]-I-cp-tSbpw c-£n-Xm-°-fp-tSbpw B-cm-[y-]m-{X-am-hp-I-bmbn-cp∂p Cu km-[-\m-]-≤-Xn-bn-eqsS. "A·n-ao-tf ]p-tcm-ln-Xw b⁄-ky tZ-h-ar-XypPw tlm-Xmc-av c-Xv-\-[m-X-aav' ]ptcm-ln-X\pw Kpcphpw BNm-cy\pw tlmXmhpw tam£- a m- I p∂ kar- ≤ nsb \¬Ip-∂-h\pw kIe cXv\-ßsf [cn-®n-cn°p-∂-h-\p-amb A·n°v \a-kv°m-cw. Cu- i z- c - h m- W nbm- b th- Z - Ø n- \ v \µn Rßsf Cu-iz-c-\n-te-bv-°v F-Øn-® R-ßfp-sS B-cm-[y\m-b B-Nm-cy-s‚ ]m-Z-I-a-e-ßfn-¬ R-ß-fp-sS \-a-kv-°m-cw. 

22 Unkw-_¿ 09


thZ-`mjyw

Ejn-am-cp-sSbpw Ejnbv°v \a-k° v mcw Ejnx O-µx

˛ a-[p-Oµ - m, ˛ Km-b{- Xn,

tZ-hX - m ˛ A·n, kz-cw ˛ j-UvPw

A-·n-x ]q-¿-t∆-`nx E-jn-`n-co-tVym \q-X-ss\-cp-X. k- tZ-hm-Mv G-l h-£-Xn. (E-tKz-Zw 1˛1˛2) alm-Xvam A·nx= C-°m-Wp-∂ {]-]-©-Øn-\p ap-gp-h-≥ N-e-\-ti-jn \-¬-Ip-∂ A{K-Wnbm-b {]-`p E-jn`nx = (E-j-b {Z-„m-cx) X-Øz-Z-¿-in-I-fpsS Cu-UvVyx = kv-Xp-Xn-°v tbm-Ky-\mWv. A-XmbXv Cu E-jnI-ƒ, B-fl-{Z-„m-°ƒ B {]`p-hn-s‚ kv-Xp-Xn-bm-Wv sN-øp-∂Xv. B X-Øz-Zr-„m-°-ƒ ]q-¿-t∆`nx = (]r-]me-\-]qc-W-tbmx) X-ß-fp-sS c-£-bv-°m-bn˛X-ß-ƒ tcmK-ß-fm-¬ B-{I-an-°s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°m-\pw X-ß-fp-sS Zu-¿-∫-ey-ß-ƒ Zp-co-I-cn-°p∂ X-s∂Ø-s∂ ]q-¿-W-\m-°m\pw {i-≤n-®n-cp∂p. D-X=Dw \q-X-ss\x = \q (to praise, to go) {]-iw-km-fl-Iam-b i-–-Øn-¬ am{Xw ]-d-bp∂p. H-cn-°epw Cu-izc-s\ \nµm-kq-N-Iam-b hm-- °p t]mepw ]-d-bp-∂n-√. k-Zm N-e-\m-fl-I\m-b A-h-cpsS Po-h-≥ k-Zm {In-bm-fl-I-am-sW-∂v A-dn-bp∂p. Np-cp-°n-∏-d-™m-¬ {]-`phn-s\ kv-Xp-Xn-°p-∂-Xv˛ 1. X-Øz-Zr-„m-hm-Im-\m-Wv. 2. X-s‚ i-co-c-sØ tcm-Kw th-´-bm-Sm-Xn-cn-°m-\m-Wv. 3. X-s‚ \yq-\X-I-tfbpw Zu-¿-∫-ey-ß-tfbpw ]m-tS hn-]mS-\w sN-øm-\mWv. 4. BcmtWm {]iw-k I-e-¿-∂ `m-j D-]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv. A-h-¿ I-Tn-\hpw \nµm-]q-¿-∆-I-hp-am-b i-–w ]-d-bp-∂n√. 5. k-Zm {In-bm-fl-I-am-bn kz-¥w Po-hnX-sØ am-‰p-hm-\mWv. kx = B {]-`p X-s∂ C-{]-Im-cw D-]m-kn-®n-´v Cl = Cu am-\-h-Po-h-\n¬ R-ß-ƒ tZ-hm≥ = Zn-hy-Kp-Wß-sf A-h£-Xn = t\-Sn F-Sp-°p∂p. AXm-bXv, {]-`p D-]m-k\ sIm-≠v \-Ωp-sS D-≈n-¬ Zn-hy-Kp-W-ß-fp-sS hr-≤n-bp≠m-Ip-∂p. `m-hm-¿∞w: {]-`p-hn-s‚ b-Ym-¿-∞ D-]m-k-I-≥ ⁄m-\w t\-Sp∂p. tcm-K-an-√mØ-h\pw \n-¿-Ω-e\pw B-Ip∂p. {]-iw-km-]q-¿-∆am-b a-[p-c-i-–-Øn-¬ kwkm-cn-°p-∂h\pw {In-bm-io-e-\p-am-bn-cn-°pw. {]-`p-hn-s‚ D-]m-k-\-bn-eq-sS Rß-fn-¬ Zn-hy-Kp-W-ß-ƒ h-¿-≤n-°p-sa-∂-X-s{X! 

lncWy

23 Unkw-_¿ 09


D]-\n-jØv IY-Iƒ

DÆn°rjvW≥ ]n.]n.

Hcn-°-¬ tZ-h-≥-amcpw Akp-c-≥-amcpw X-Ωn-¬ `-b-¶cam-b bp-≤w \-S∂p. A-hkm-\w tZ-h-≥-am-¿ bp-≤-Øn¬ P-bn®p. P-bn-®Xv X-ßfp-sS I-gnhp-sIm-≠m-sW ∂v A-h-¿ A-l-¶-cn®p. Ah-¿ B-tLm-j-ß-fn-¬ apgpIn. A-t∏m-ƒ A-h-cp-sS apºn-¬ H-cp a-lm-kXzw {]-Xy-£-s∏´p. A-h¿-

°v B kXzw G-Xm-sW-∂v Xn-cn-®-dn-bm-≥ km[n-®n-√. A-h-¿ Iq-Snbm-tem-N-\ \-SØn. F∂n´v A-h-¿ F-√m-hcpw Iq-Sn A-·n-tZ-h-t\m-Sv ]-d™p: 'tl A-t· A-ßv t]mbn Cu kXzw G-sX-∂-dn-™p h-cq.' A-·n DS-s\ ]p-d-s∏-´p B a-lm-k-XzØn-s‚ A-cn-In-seØn. AXv A·n-tbm-Sv tNmZn®p: "B-cm-Wv \o'' Rm-≥ A-·n-bmWv, F\n-°v Pm-X-thZ- v F-∂p t]-cp≠v. A-·n adp]-Sn ]-d™p. "F-s¥m-s°-bm-Wv \n-s‚ Ign-hp-Iƒ'' B kXzw ho≠pw A·n-tbm-Sv tNmZn®p.

tZh-XI - sf tXm¬]n® ]p¬s°mSn

lncWy

24 Unkw-_¿ 09


"tem-I-Øn-ep-≈ k-I-e-Xn-s\-bpw Rm-≥ Z-ln-∏n-°pw.'' "i-cn F-¶n-¬ Cu ]p-¬-s°m-Snsb H-∂p Z-ln-∏n-°q ImW-s´ \n-s‚ i‡n.'' H-cp ]p-¬-s°m-Sn ap-∂n-¬ C-´p sIm-SpØpsIm≠v B kXzw B-h-iy-s∏´p. A-·n k-¿∆-i-‡n-bp-sa-Sp-Øv B ]p-¬-s°m-Sn-bp-sS ta¬ ]m-™p-I-bdn. F-∂m¬ B ]p-¬-s°m-Sn°v H-cp t]m-d¬ t]m-ep-ta-¬-∏n-°m-\m-bn-√. A·n ]n-≥-am-dn Xn-cn-®ph-∂p tZ-h-≥am-tcm-Sv ]d™p B k-Xz-ta-Xm-sW-∂v Xn-cn-®-dn-bm-≥ F-\n-°v km-[n-®n√. ]n-∂o-Sv tZ-h-≥-am-¿ F-√m-hcpw Iq-Sn hmbp-tZ-h-t\m-S-`y-¿-∞n®p. "A-ßp t]m-bn B k-Xz-ta-Xm-sW∂v a-\- n-em-°n-bm-epw.'' hm-bp tZ-h-≥ DS-s\ ]p-d-s∏´p. B k-Xz-Øn-s‚ apºn-se-Øn. B kXzw ap-º-sØ-t∏m-se hmbp-tZ-h-t\m-Sv tNm-Zn®p: "\o B-cmWv.'' "hmbp-hm-Wp Rm-≥. F-\n-°v am-X-cn-izm-hv F∂pw t]-cp-≠v.'' hm-bp a-dp]-Sn ]-d™p. ""Bs´, Fs¥m-s°-bm-Wv \n-s‚ i-‡nI-ƒ. ImW-s´ Ah'' kXzw B-h-iy-s∏-´p. "Cu tem-I-Øn-ep-≈ F-¥n-s\bpw ]-d∏n-®p-I-f-bm-\p-≈ _-e-sa-\n-°p-≠v.'' hm-bp ]d™p. "F-∂m-¬ Cu ]p-¬-s°m-Sn-sb H-∂p ]-d-∏n-®ms´.'' hm-bp-hn-s‚ ap-ºnepw B kXzw H-cp ]p-¬-s°m-Sn-bn-´p sIm-SpØp. ]p-¬-s°mSn-sb ]d-∏n-°p-hm≥ hmbp Ign-hns‚ ]c-amh[n {i-an®p. F-∂m-¬ A-Xn-s\ H-∂n-f-°m≥ t]mepw hm-bp-hn\v km-[n-®n-√. hm-bptZ-h\pw ]n-≥X - n-cn-™p-h∂v a-‰p tZ-h≥ - am-tcmSv ]-d™p ""B k-Xz-ta-sX∂v Xn-cn-®-dn-bm-≥ F-\n-°v km[n-®n-√.'' A-\¥-cw tZ-h-≥-am-sc-√m-hcpw Iq-Snbmtem-Nn®p. X-ß-fp-sS t\-Xmhm-b C-{µ-tZ-hs\Ø-s∂ B k-Xz-ta-sX-∂-dn-bp-∂-Xn\v \ntbm-Kn-®-b®p. C-{µ≥ B k-Xz-Øn-s‚ k-ao]-sØ-Øn-bXpw AXv A-¥-¿-[m-\w sN-bvXp. F-∂m-¬ C-{µ-≥ a-‰p c-≠p tZ-h-≥-am-sc-t∏mse ]n-≥-am-dm-sX A-hn-sSØ-s∂ \n-∂p [ym\-\n-c-X-\mbn. A-t∏mƒ B C-{µ-s‚ ap-≥-]n¬ k-¿-∆m-`-c-W-hn-`q-jn-X-bm-bn \m-ep-]mSpw Hfn hn-X-dn-s°m≠v ssl-a-h-Xn-bm-bn D-a-bp-sS cq-]-Øn-¬ ]-cmi-‡n {]-Xy-£-s∏´p. C-{µ≥ B Zn-hy-cq]-sØ \-ak - vI - c - n-®v `-‡n-]q¿-∆w A`y-¿-∞n®p. "B kXzw G-sX∂v A-cp-fn sN-

""

IÆpsIm≠v ImWm-≥ I-gnbm-ØXpw F-∂m-¬ IÆp-Iƒ-°v Im-› i-‡n \-¬Ip-∂Xpw sNhnsIm≠v tI-ƒ° - m-≥ I-gn-bmØXpw F∂m-¬ sNhn-Iƒ-°v tIƒ-hn i‡n \-¬-Ip∂Xpw B i-‡n Xs∂-bm-Wv.

''

bv-Xm-epw.'' "C{µm B kXzw {_-“-amWv. B {_-“-Øn-s‚ i-‡n-bm-em-Wv \n-ß-ƒ A-kpc-≥-am-sc t]m-cn-¬ P-bn-®-Xv. A-√m-sX \n-ßfp-sS i-‡n-bm-e√.'' A-·nbpw hm-bphpw C-{µ\pw a‰p tZ-h≥-am-sc-°m-ƒ t{i-jv-T-cmWv. Imc-Ww A-h-¿ aq-∂p t]-cp-am-Wv {_-“-Øn-\p k-ao-]w F-Ønbh-¿. A-h-¿ aq-∂p t]-cnepw sh-®v G-‰hpw t{i-jv-T-\m-Wv C-{µ-≥. Imc-Ww C-{µ-\p am-{Xsa {_“-sØ A-dn-bm-≥ I-gn-™p-≈q. A-l-¶m-c-am-Wv A-dn-hn\v X-S w. A·nbpw hm-bphpw X-ß-fp-sS I-gn-hn-¬ A-l¶-cn-°p∂p. ]-c-aam-b {_-“-sa-∂ tZ-h-X-bpsS I-Sm-£w Cs√-¶n¬ A-·ym-Zn tZ-h-Iƒ°v N-en-°m≥ t]mepw I-gn-bn-√. \n- m-cam-b H-cp ]p-¬-s°m-Sn-sb N-en-∏n-°m≥ t]mepw Ah¿-°v km-[n-®n-√. B ]-c-a-amb ssN-X-\y-Øn-s‚ {]-`m-hØn-em-Wv k-I-eXpw ssNX-\y-h-Øm-bn-Øocp-∂X - v. "X-ky `m-km k-¿-∆-an-Zw hn-`m-Xn'' A-l-¶m-cw D-t]-£n-®v \n-jv-T-tbm-sS X]- \ - p-jT v- n-°p-tºm-ƒ ]-cmi-‡n t\-cn-´v ⁄m\w sh-fn-s∏-Sp-Øn-Ø-cp∂p. IÆp-sIm≠v ImWm-≥ I-gn-bm-ØXpw F-∂m-¬ I-Æp-Iƒ-°v Im-gvN i-‡n \-¬-Ip-∂Xpw sNhn-sIm≠v tIƒ-°m-≥ I-gn-bm-ØXpw F-∂m-¬ sN-hn-Iƒ°v tIƒ-hn i-‡n \-¬-Ip-∂Xpw B i-‡n X-s∂-bm-Wv. b-Xv N-£p-jm \ ]-iy-Xn tb-\ N-£p-Mv-jn ]-iyXn. b-Xv t{im-t{X-W \ir-tWm-Xn tb-\ t{im-{X-an-Zw {ipXw. tI-t\m-]-\njXv B ]-c-aam-b i-‡n-°v ap-ºn-¬ kq-cy\pw N-{µ\pw \-£-{X-ßfpw an-∂epw {]-Im-in-°p∂n√. B i-‡n-bp-sS im-k-\-bmem-Wv kq-cy≥ {]` sNm-cn-bp-∂-Xv, A-·n Z-ln-∏n-°p-∂-Xv, hm-bp ho-ip-∂Xv A-ßn-s\ P-KØv {]-hr-≤am-Ip-∂Xv arXyp Hm-Sn \S-∂v Poh-s\ F-SpØpsIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂-Xv. A-h-ew_w: tI-t\m-]-\nj-Xv 

with best compliments from

Shoba Jewellery Kammath Lane, Mele Palayam, Calicut 1, Ph: 0495- 3295111 lncWy

25 Unkw-_¿ 09


ss]Xr-I-{]-h-c¿

X-e° - p-fØ - q-¿ `-´X - n-cn Acp¨ {]`m-Ic - ≥

Cu-izco-b

hm- W nbm- b th-Z-ß-fp-sS Kq-Vm¿-∞w Adn-bp-∂X - n-\v E-jn-am-¿ {I-as - ∏SpØn-b B-dv Aw-K-ß-fp-sS ]T-\w A-\n-hm-cy-amWv. in£, I-ev]w, hym-I-cWw, \ncp‡w, tPym-Xnjw, Oµ- v C-h-bm-Wv B-dv Aw-Kß-ƒ. C-h-bn-¬ tPym-Xn-jw G-sd {]m-[m-\y-a-¿-ln-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. sshZn-I tPym-Xnjw tPym-Xn-im-kv{Xw F-∂ t]-cn-em-Wv ap≥]v {]-i-kv-X-am-bn-cp-∂Xv. {K-l-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw \-£-{X-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw A-h-bp-sS k-©m-c-]Y-sØ-°p-dn®pw Im-e-sØ-°p-dn-®p-sa√mw hni-Z-am-bn ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂ im-kv-{X-hn-`m-K-am-Wv tPym-Xn-im-kv-{Xw. tPym-Xn-j-Øn-¬ F-Øptºm-gmI-s´ A-Xn-¬ ^-e-{]-h-N-\hpw Iq-Sn D-ƒ-s∏-Sp∂p. ^-e-{]-hN-\w F-∂ H-cp im-J ]n-¬-°me-Øv h-f¿-∂p hn-I-kn-®-Xm-sW-∂p

""

a-e-∏p-dw Pn√-bn-se Xncq-cn-\S- p-Øp≈ \n-d-a-cpXq-¿ B-Wv C-t±-lØ - ns‚ P-∑tZiw.

''

]fin-X aXw. X-{¥-k-ap-®bw, tlm-cm-imkv{Xw Xp-S-ßn-b-h-sb-bm-Wv tPym-Xn-j-Im-c≥-am-¿ ap-Jy-ambpw B-{i-bn-°p-∂-Xv. C-∂p \mw I-≠p-h-cp-∂ tPym-Xn-jw thZ-a-{¥-ß-fp-sS A-¿-∞w {K-ln-°p-∂-Xn-¬ \ap-°v k-lm-b-I-a-√ F-∂p ]-e ]-fin-X-≥am¿-°pw A-`n-{]m-b-ap≠v. F-∂mepw ^-e-{]hN-\w Imc-Ww tPym-Xn-j-Øn-\v h-epXm-b {]-i-kv-Xn C∂-sØ Im-e-Øp-ap≠v. th-Z-Øns‚ a-¿-a-a-dn-™ a-l¿-jn Z-bm-\-µ-s\-t∏m-ep≈ a-\o-jn-Iƒ - ^-ew ]-db - p-∂ tPym-Xnj-sØ Aw-Ko-I-cn-°p-∂n-√. H-cp-]m-Sv A‘-hn-izm-k߃-°v ^-ew ]-d-bp-∂ tPym-Xn-jw Im-c-Wam-Ip-∂p-≠v F∂-Xv Xo-¿-®-bp-amWv. F-∂m-¬ tI-c-f-Øn-¬ tPym-Xn-im-kv{Xhpw tPym-Xn-jhpw H-∂n-®m-Wv h-f-¿-∂Xpw hn-I-kn-®-Xpw. _p-≤-\p-ti-j-ap-≈ D-Ø-c `mc-X-Ønepw A-X-ßn-s\-X-s∂-bm-bn-cp∂p. \nch-[n {]-Xn-`-I-ƒ tPym-Xn-j-Øn-s‚ ta-J-ebn-¬ am-bm-Ø ap-{Z ]-Xn-∏n-®n-´p≠v. A-h-cn-¬ A-Zzn-Xo-b-\m-bn-cp-∂p tI-c-fo-b\m-b X-e-°p-

lncWy 26 Unkw-_¿ 09


f-Øq¿ tKm-hn-µ `-´-Xn-cn. \n-ch-[n I-Y-Ifpw sF-Xn-ly-ßfpw Ct±-l-Øn-s‚ t]-cn-¬ {]-N-cn-®p-h-cp-∂p≠v. Irkv-Xp-h-¿-jw 1300 \v A-Sp-Ø Im-e-Øm-Wv Ct±-lw Po-hn-®n-cp∂-Xv F-∂p hn-iz-kn-°-s∏Sp∂p. Zim-[ym-bn, aplq¿Ø cXv\w XpS-ßnb hnJymX {KŸ-ß-fpsS I¿Øm-hmWv A]mc KWn-X-⁄≥ IqSn-bmb Xe-°p-f-Øq¿ `´Xn-cn. C∂pw At±-l-Øns‚ {KŸ-߃ ]Tn°msX B¿°pw tPymXn-j-]-T-\-Øns‚ Bgß-fn¬ {]th-in-°m-\m-hn-√. tIc-f-Øn¬ F√m-bn-SØpw At±-l-Øns‚ t]cv C∂pw BZ-cn-°-s∏-´p-h-cp-∂p. Xncp-hn-Xmw-Iq¿ apX¬ Nnd- ° ¬ tImhn- e Iw hsc- b p≈ cmPm°≥am¿ Ct±-l-Øns‚ Ign-hp-Iƒ a\- nem°n th≠ BZ-cß - ƒ \¬In-bn-´p-≠v. tZimS- \ - { ]n- b - \ m- b n- c p∂ `´- X n- c nsb Xß- f psS sIm´m-c-Ønse ÿnc-°m-c-\m-°m≥ ]ecpw ]cn-{i-an-®n-cp-s∂-¶nepw ]T-\-Øn\pw D]m-k\bv°pw am{Xw Pohn-X-Øn¬ {]m[m\yw Iev]n-®n-cp∂ B {]Xn-`m-[-\≥ Xs‚ bm{XIƒ XpS¿∂p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. tPymXn-imkv{X-Øn¬ hcm-l-an-ln-cs‚ ]mc-ºcyw tIcf-Øn-te°v sIm≠p-h-∂-h-cn¬ {]apJ\mWv Ct±-lw. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ tIc-f-Øns‚ hcm-l-an-ln-c≥ F∂v `´-Xn-cnsb Nne sFXnly-߃ hnti-jn-∏n-°p-∂p. At±-l-Øns‚ Pohn-X-hp-ambn _‘-s∏-´p≈ Ncn{Xw sFXnly-ß-fn¬ ]d-bp-∂-Xn-ßs\: a-e-∏p-dw Pn-√-bn-se Xn-cq-cn-\-Sp-Øp-≈ \nd-a-cp-Xq-¿ B-Wv C-t±-l-Øn-s‚ P-∑-tZiw. HmØp ]-Tn-°m-≥ A-¿-l-X-bp-≈ {_m-“-W IpSpw-_-Øn-¬ ]n-d-∂ `-´-Xn-cnsb Hm-Øn-\p ]-d™-b-®n-cp∂-Xv A-tX {Km-a-Øn-se {]-ikv-X

""

tPymXn-imkv{X-Øn¬ hcm-l-an-lncs‚ ]mcºcyw tIc-fØn-te°v sIm≠p-h∂ - h-cn¬ AZznXn-b\ - mWv Ct±-lw. AXp-sIm≠p-Xs∂ tIc-fØns‚ hcml-an-ln-c≥ F∂v `´n-Xncnsb Nne sFXn-ly߃ hntijn-∏n-°p-∂p.

''

Hm-Xn-bv-°-\m-bn-cp-∂ tXm-t´-bv-°m-Sv ssh-ZnIs‚ ]-°-te-°m-bn-cp∂p. ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂ Im-cyØn-¬ H-cp Zm-£-Wyhpw C-√m-Ø-bm-fm-bncp∂p Hm- X n- b v - ° ≥ \- º q- X ncn. D- Æ n- I - s fsb√mw I-Tn-\-am-bn in-£n-°p-Ibpw sN-øpw. D-Æn-I-ƒ-s°ms° Hm-Xn-bv-°-≥ H-cp t]-Sn-kz]v-\-am-bn-cp∂p. a-°-fn-√m-Ø Zpx-J-Øm-¬ h-ebp-∂-bm-fp-am-bn-cp-∂p B Hm-Xn-bv°-≥. tPymXn-j-sØ-°p-dn®pw {]-iv-\w sh-∏n-s\-°p-dn-®psa√mw kz-¥w C-√-Øp-\n-∂v I-≠p a-\- n-em°n-bn-´p≈ tKm-hnµ-\v {]-iv-\w sh-∏v H-cp C„hn-t\m-Za - m-bn-cp∂p. D-Æn-If - p-sS ap-≥] - n-¬ Ifw hc-®v Ku-c-h-tØm-sS--bn-cp∂v Hm-tcm-cp-Øcp-tSbpw {]-iv-\w sh-°epw ]-cn-lm-cw \n-¿-t±in-°epw Hm-Øp-aT - Ø - n-se D-Æn-If - p-sS hn-t\mZ-am-bn-cp∂p. H-cn°-¬ Hm-Xn-bv-°-≥ ]p-dØpt]m-b k-ab-Øv D-Æn-I-sf√mw tKm-hnµ-s\ sN-∂p I-≠v {]-iv-\w sh-°m-≥ ]-d™p. Ir{Xn-aam-b Kuc-hw apJ-Øp h-cp-Øn tKm-hnµ≥ tNm-Zn®p: 'F-¥mWmthm A-dn-tb≠-Xv?' "\-ΩpsS Hm-Xn-bv-°-s\-°p-dn-®m-Wv'' D-Æn-I-ƒ ]-d™p. ]pd-Øp t]m-bn-cp-∂ Hm-Xn-b° v- ≥ B t\c-Øv A-hn-sS F-Øn-t®-¿∂p. D-Æn-Iƒ tKmhn-µ-s\-s°m-≠v {]-iv-\w sh-°p∂-Xv F-¥mWv F-∂ Iu-Xp-I-tØm-sS A-t±-lw a-d-™ncp-∂v {i-≤n®p. "\-ΩpsS Hm-Xn-bv°-\v F¥psIm-≠m D-Æn-bp-≠m-ImØ-Xv'' F-∂m-bn {]iv-\-°m-c-t\m-Sv tNm-Zyw. tKm-hn-µ-≥ K-uc-hw ]q≠p. B-tem-Nn-®p ap-≥] - n-¬ h-c® - I-fØ - n¬ t\m-°n F-∂n-´v a-dp]-Sn ]-d™p. "\-ΩpsS Hm-Xn-bv°\ - v _m-ei - m-]a - p≠v. A-t±-lw D-ÆnIsf \-t√m-Ww D-]-{Z-hn-°p-∂p≠v. AXp-sIm≠m-Wv D-Æn-I-fp-≠m-ImØXv.'' C-Xp-tI-´v a‰p Ip-´n-I-ƒ hm-bv s]m-Øn Ip-Sp-Ip-Sm-sb-∂v

hS-°p-∂mY t£{Xw, Xr»q¿

lncWy

27 Unkw-_¿ 09


""

]mgq¿ ]Sn-∏pc

Nn-cn Xp-Sßn. "icn, A-t∏m-ƒ F-¥m-Wv H-cp ]-cn-lmcw. D-Æn-bp-≠m-hm-≥'' F-∂m-bn A-SpØ tNm-Zyw. {]-iv-\-°m-c-≥ a-dp]-Sn ]d™p "C\n ta-en-¬ Ip-´nI-sf X-√m-Xn-cn°-Ww am-{Xhp-a-√ {]m-b-›n-Ø-am-bn H-cp h¿jw Hm-Øn\p-≈ D-Æn-Iƒ-°v Zn-h-khpw ]m-¬-∏m-b-kw sIm-Sp-°Ww.'' Hm-Xn-bv°-≥ Cu hn-h-c-sa√mw X-s‚ thfn-tbm-Sv ]-d™p. A-h-cmI-s´ {hXhpw ]-cn-lm-c-sa-Sp-°epsa√mw sIm-≠p \S-°p-∂ H-cp km-[zn-bm-bn-cp∂p. "D-Æn-bm-sW¶nepw \-ap-°v tKm-hn-µ-≥ ]-d™- ]cn-lmcw sNbv X mtem?'' F- ∂ X- s ‚ th- f n- b p- s S tNmZyw tI´v Hm-Xn-bv-°-≥ kΩ-Xw aqfn. A∂p-ap-X-¬ A-t±-lw D-ÆnI-sf X-√p∂-Xv \n¿Øn. am-{X-a-√ Zn-h-khpw ]m-¬-∏mb-kw sImSp-°m\pw Xp-Sßn. A-Zv-`p-X-sa-∂p ]-db-s´ Hcp h-¿-j-am-b-t∏m-tg°pw Hm-Xn-bv°-s‚ th-fn K-¿-`n-Wn-bmbn. hm-¿-Ø-b-dn™ B Kp-cp-\mY-≥ in-jy-s‚ s\-dp-I-bn¬ ssI-sh-®v A-\p{K-ln®p. "\o h-en-b-h-\m-Ipw, Io-¿-Øn-bp-≈h-\m-Ipw.'' ]T-\w ]q-¿-Øn-bm°n-b tKm-hnµ-s‚ kam-h-¿-Ø-\-hpw Xp-S¿-∂v hn-hm-lhpw \-S∂p. A-Xn-¬ A-t±-lØn-s\m-cp D-Æn ]n-d∂p. At∏m-tg°pw tKm-hn-µ-≥ t]-sc-Sp-Ø tPymXnj ]-fin-X\ - m-bn-Øo-¿∂ - n-cp-∂p. X-s‚ Ip-™ns‚ PmX-Iw K-Wn-®v A-h-≥ Zo-¿-Lm-bp- p≈-h-\m-bn-Øo-cp-sa-∂v ]-d™p. ]-t£ {]-hN-\-Øn-\p hn-cp-≤-am-bn B Ip-™v H-cp h-¿j-Øn-\p-≈n-¬ a-cW - s - ∏´p. `-´X - n-cn Zpx-Jm-¿Ø - \mbn. Ip-™v a-cn-®-Xn-ep-≈ Zpx-Jw am-{X-a-√ K-Wn-Xw ]n-g-®Xpw A-t±l-sØ A-kz-ÿ\m°n. Xp-S¿-∂v At±lw ]-c-tZ-i-bm-{X-°n-dßn. A-∂v B-ƒ-hm-¿ F-∂ t]-cn-¬ {]-i-kv-X\m-bn-cp-∂ H-cp tPym-Xn-im-kv{- X ]-fin-X≥ - ]m≠n-\m-´n-¬ D-≠m-bn-cp∂p. `-´-Xn-cn B-ƒ-hm-sc sN-∂p I≠p. ^-e {]-h-N-\-Øn-\v K-Wn-X-Ønep-≈ ]m-finXyw am{Xw t]m-c-sb-∂pw tZ-htXm-]m-k-\bpw a-{¥-kn-≤nbpw th-W-sa-∂pw B-ƒ-hm¿ tKm-hnµ-s\ D-]-tZ-in-®p. a-S-°-bm{X Xr-»n-h-t]-cq-¿ h-gn-°m-bn-cp∂p. h-S-°pw-

{]-ikvX tPym-Xn-jtI-{µam-b ]m-gq-¿ ]-Sn∏p-cb - p-sS D-]⁄ mXmhpw X-e° - p-fØ - q¿ `-´n-Xn-cn-bmsW-∂p ]-db-s∏-Sp∂p≠v. C-t±l-Øn-\v IWn-bm-Øn kv{- Xo-bn-¬ P-\n-® aIs‚ ]-c-º-cbm-Ws{X ]n-d-h-Øp≈ ]m-gq-¿ ]-Sn-∏p-c ° - m-¿.

lncWy

''

\mY-s\ H-cp am-kw `-P-n-°m-sa-∂p \n-›-bn-®v A-hn-sS IqSn. {h-X-\n-jv-T-tbm-sS h-S-°pw-\mYs\ `-Pn-°m-≥ Xp-Sßn. B-bn-S-bv-°m-Wv {][m\ hn-{K-l-Øn-se Xn-cp-hm-`-c-W-Øn-¬-s∏-´ Xr°-Æv tamj-Ww t]m-bXv. A-t∂-h-tc°pw tI-´p-tIƒ-hn t]mepw C-√m-Ø-Xm-bn-cp-∂p Xncp-hm`-cW tam-jWw. A-t\-z-j-W-ß-ƒ ]-e ap-d-bv-°v \S-∂p H∂pw ^-ew I-≠n-√. \n-ch[n tPym-’y-≥-am-¿ {]-iv-\w sh®p. A-Xn-s\ Xp-S¿-∂v tam-„m-hn-s‚ t]-cn-se c-≠v A-£-cß-ƒ A-h-¿ I-s≠Øn. B-Zy-tØXv 'I' F∂pw c-≠m-a-tØXv '°' F-∂p-am-bn-cp-∂p AXv. Im-°p F-∂ t£-{X-Po-h-\-°mc-s\ F√m-hcpw Iq-Sn \-√h-Æw t`Zyw sN-bv-Xp F∂n´pw A-Xn-\v H-cp Xp-ºv In-´n-bn-√. H-cp amkw au-\-{h-X-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂ `-´-Xncn-tbm-Sv `P\w I-gn-™t- ∏m-ƒ Im-cy-°m-¿ hnh-cw ]-d™p. £-W-t\-cw sIm-≠v `-´-Xn-cn DØ-cw ]-d™p. "Xn-cp-hm-`-c-W-Øn-se Xr°-Æv FSp-Øn-cn-°p∂Xv H-cp Im-°-bmWv. A-Xv t£-{X-]-d-ºns‚ aq-eb - n-ep-≈ sX-ßn-\p ap-If - n-ep≠v.'' kwKXn k-Xy-am-bn-cp∂p. `-´-Xn-cn-bp-sS {]-i-kv-Xn hm-t\m-fw D-b-¿∂p. ]-T-\-Øn\pw kzm-[ym-bØn\pw K-th-j-W-Øn\pw Iq-Sp-X-¬ ka-bw \o-°n sh-® `-´-Xn-cn Z-im-[ymbn, aplq¿Ø c-Xv-\w Xp-Sßn-b hn-in-„ {K-Ÿ-ß-ƒ c-Nn®p. C∂pw tPym-Xn-jn-Iƒ-°v h-gn-Im-´n-bm-Wv `-´Xn-cn-bp-sS {K-Ÿß-ƒ. D-Ø-c-`m-c-X-Øn-¬ hcm-la - n-ln-c\ - p-≈ ÿm-\a - m-Wv tI-cf - Ø - n-¬ Xe-°p-f-Øq-¿ `-´-Xn-cn-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂Xv. \n-ch[n in-jy K-Wß - ƒ - C-t±-lØ - n-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂p. A-h-cn-¬ Xr-°-≠n-bq-¿ A-Nyp-X ]njm-tcm-Snsb-t∏m-ep-≈-h-¿ kz-¥w \n-e-bv-°v {]-i-kv-Xcp-am-Wv. a-[y tI-c-f-Øn-se {]-ikv-X tPym-Xn-jtI-{µam-b ]m-gq-¿ ]-Sn-∏p-c-bp-sS D-]-⁄mXmhpw X-e-°p-f-Øq-¿ `-´-Xn-cn-bm-sW-∂p ]-db-s∏-Sp-∂p≠v. C-t±-l-Øn-\v I-Wn-bm-Øn kv{Xo-bn-¬ P-\n-® aI-s‚ ]-c-º-c-bm-Ws{X Fd-Wm-Ip-fw Pn-√-bn-se ]n-d-h-Øp-≈ ]m-gq-¿ ]Sn-∏p-c-°m-¿. thZmw-Kß - ƒ kln-Xa - p≈ thZ-]T - \ - Ø - nt‚-Xmb ]c-ºc \jvS-s∏-´p-t]m-b-Xp-Im-cWw tIc-fØ - nse sshZn-I¿°v thZ-ßf - nse cXv\߃ Is≠-Øm≥ Ign-bmsX h∂p. thZw sNm√n ]Tn-°m≥ am{X-ap-≈-Xm-Wv, I¿a-ImWvTo-b-amb Nne bmK-ß-fn¬ {]tbm-Kn-°m≥ D≈-XmWv a{¥-߃ AXm-W-h-bpsS {]tbmP-\w F∂ Imgv®-∏mSp aqew thZhpw AhbpsS AwKßfpw ]c-kv]cw _‘-s∏-SmØ Hcp Ahÿ tIc-f-Øn¬ D≠m-bn. AXn-\pZm-l-c-W-amWv tPymXn-im-kv{XsØ thZ-hpambn _‘-s∏-SpØn ]Tn-°m-Xn-cp∂ Xe-°pf-Øq¿ `´-Xn-cn-sb-t∏m-ep≈hcpsS Ncn{Xw \tΩmSp ]d-bp-∂-Xv. 

28 Unkw-_¿ 09


kwkvIr-X-Kp-cp-\m-Y≥

]mTw A©v

Ip´n-If- psS kwkvIrXw hn.Fkv. l¿jh¿≤\≥ DZm: ]-tT-Xv

C-\n

\-ap-°v kw-kv-Ir-X-Øn-se Ir-XnIsf ]-Tn-°mw. Ir-Xn F-∂p ]-d-™m-¬ {Inb. {In-b-bp-sS Im-e-Øn∂pw {]-Im-c-Øn∂pw e-Im-c-ß-ƒ F-∂m-Wv ]-d-bp-∂Xv. kw-kv-IrX-Øn-¬ ]-Øv e-Im-c-ß-fp≠v; BZyw \-ap°v A-©v e-Im-c-ß-fp-sS t]-cv ]-Tn-°mw; ]n∂o-Sv D-Zm-l-c-W-ß-fpw. 1) e-Sv, (2) tem-Sv (3) e-Mv (4) hn-[n-e-nMv (5) erSv h-¿-Ø-am-\-Im-e-Øn-\v e-Sv F-∂p ]-dbp∂p. A-Xv \mw ]-Tn-®p-I-gn™p. DZmx l-kXn, ]-TXn, ]-Tman, B-Zn tem-Sv

DZmx ˛ ]T-Xp lk-Xp e-ßv D-Zm:˛A-]T-Xv A-lk-Xv hn-[n-en-Mv

˛ B⁄, A-t]-£ Xp-S-ßnb-h ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛ ˛

]-Tn-bv°s´ Nn-cn-bv°s´ `q-X-Im-ew ]-Tn®p Nn-cn-®p D- Ø - c hv, th- W w F-∂ A-¿∞w. lncWy

l-tk-Xv er-Sv DZm: ]-Tn-jy-Xn

˛ ]-Tn-bv-°s´, ]-Tn-bv-°Ww. ˛ Nn-cn-bv-°s´, Nn-cn-bv-°Ww. ˛ `m-hn-Imew ˛ ]-Tn-bv°pw

l-kn-jy-Xn ˛ Nn-cn-bv°pw kw- k v - I r- X - Ø n- ¬ F- √ m [m- X p- ° tfbpw ]-Øv K-W-ß-fm-°n-bn-´p-≠v. B KW-ß-fp-sS t]-cv ]n-∂o-Sv ]-Tn-bv-°mw. F√m [m-Xp-°-tfbpw ]-ckv-ssa-]-ZnI-ƒ, Bfl-t\-]-Zn-I-ƒ D-`-b-]-Zn-I-ƒ F-∂v aq-∂m-bn X-cw Xn-cn-®n-´p≠v. A-Xp ]n-∂o-Sv hn-i-Z-am°pw. F-Æw (Xp-S¿®) tjm-U-i ˛ 16 k-]vX-Z-i ˛ 17 A-„m-Z-i ˛ 18 \h-Z-i ˛ 19 (F-tIm-\ hnw-iXnx F∂pw ]-d-bmw.) hnw-iXnx ˛ 20 (Xp-S-cpw) 29 Unkw-_¿ 09


thZ-K-WnXw ˛ 5

Adn-bp-∂X - n¬ \n∂v Adn-bm-ØX - n-te°v CØcw ka- h m- I y- ß - f n¬ \mw Ct∏mƒ XpS¿∂p-h-cp∂ coXn ]cn-tim-[n°mw. 9X +9 =7X + 7 9X -7X =7-9 2X =-2 X = - 2 = -1 2

at\mPv _mept»cn Hcp Ip´n ]£n-I-fpsS Iq´-tØmSv \n߃ F{X t]¿ F∂v tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ In´nb DØcw ""Rßfpw Rß-tfm-sSm∏w Rßfn¬ ]Ip- X nbpw AXn¬ ]Ip- X nbpw \obpw tN¿∂m¬ 100'' R + R + R + A + 1 = 100 2 4 2 3 R = 99 4 R = 36 Adn-bm-hp-∂X - n¬ \n∂v Adn-bm-ØXv tXSn-bp≈ bm{X-bmWv _oP-K-Wn-Xw. thZ-K-Wn-X-Ønse iq\yw kmay kap®tb F∂ kq{Xw Iq´n-\p-s≠-¶n¬ Cu Adn-bm-ØXv tXSn \n߃ IqSp-X¬ Zqcw bm{X sNtø-≠. eLp ka-hm-Iy-߃ \n¿≤m-cWw sNøp-∂-Xn\v Cu kq{Xw hfsc D]-tbmK-{]-Z-am-Wv. ChnsS kap-®bw iq\y-ambn IW-°m-°pI F∂-XmWv Cu kq{Xw sIm≠v A¿∞-am-°p-∂-Xv. ]s£ kap®bw F∂ ]Z-Øn∂v kµ¿`-Øn-\-\p-kcn®v A¿∞-߃ amdn-hc - p-∂X - mbn ImWmw.

C\n \ap°v iq\yw kmay-k-ap-®tb F∂ kq{Xw D]-tbm-Kn®v t\m°mw. ChnsS 9 ( X + 1 ) = 7 ( X + 1 ) F∂ kahm- I y- Ø n¬ kap- ® b ]Zw AYhm s]mXp-hmb ]Zw X + 1 BWv. CXv iq\yambn IW-°m-°p-I. X + 1 = 0 X = -1 thZ-KW - nX coXn-bn¬ H‰ t\m´-Øn¬ Xs∂ \n¿≤m-cW aqeyw e`n-°p-∂p. II ( X + 4 ) ( X + 9 ) = ( X + 3 ) ( X + 12) Cu coXnbn-ep≈ ka-hm-Iy-ß-fn¬ iq\yw kmay kap-®tb kq{Xw D]-tbm-Kn-°p∂ coXn ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. ChnsS kap-®b F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿∞w kzX{¥ ]Z-ßf - psS KpW-\^ - ew F∂m-Wv. CS-Xp-`m-K-Øp≈ kzX-{¥-]-Z-ß-fpsS KpW-\-^ew 4 x 9 = 36 he-Xp-`m-KØ - p≈ kzX-{¥-]Z- ß - f - psS KpW-\-^ew 3 x 12 = 36 ChnsS CSXpw heXpw `mK-Øp≈ kzX{¥ ]Z-ß-fpsS KpW-\-^ew XpeyamWv AXn-\m¬ \n¿≤m-cW aqeyw X = 0 icn-bmb coXn-bn¬ apI-fn¬ ]d™ ka-hmIyw \n¿≤m-cWw sNbvXv t_m≤ys∏-Smw.

I DZm-l-c-W-ambn 9 ( X + 1 ) = 7 ( X + 1) F∂ ka-hmIyw ]cnK-Wn-°p-I.

lncWy

30 Unkw-_¿ 09


1 X+3

( X + 4 ) ( X + 9 ) = ( X + 3) ( X + 12 ) X2 + 13 X + 36 = X2 + 15X + 36 13 X = 15 X X = 0 III 1 + 1 = 0 2X -3 2X-5 X∂n-cn-°p∂ ka-hm-Iy-Øn¬ `n∂-ßfpsS Awi߃ Xpey- a m- W v . CØcw kµ¿`-ß-fn¬ tOZ-ß-fpsS XpI-bmWv kap-®-b-]-Z-ambn IW-°m-°p-∂-Xv. 2X- 3+2X 5 = 0 4X - 8 =0 X = 8 = 2 4 as‰mcp DZm-l-cWw t\m°mw. 2 + 2 =0 2X-3 3X-7 km[m-cW coXn-bn¬ 2 (2 x - 3 ) + 2 ( 3 x - 7 ) = 0 4 x - 6 + 6x - 14 = 0 10 x - 20 = 0 X = 20 = 2 10

+

1 = 1 + 1 x+5 X+2 X+6

Cu ka-hm-Iy-Øns‚ {]tXy-IX - I - ƒ ]cn-tim-[n-°mw. CS-Xp-`m-KØv Awi-ß-fpsS XpI 1+1 = 2 tOZ-ß-fpsS XpI X + 3 + X + 5 = 2 X + 8 he-Xp-`m-KØv Awi-ß-fpsS XpI 1+1 = 2 tOZ-ß-fpsS XpI X + 2 + X + 6 = 2 X + 8 X∂n-cn-°p∂ ka-hm-Iy-Øn¬ CS-Xp`m-KØpw he-Xp-`m-KØpw D≈ Awi-ßfpsS tOZ-ß-fp-sSbpw XpI Xpey-am-Wv. CØcw kµ¿`-ßf - n¬ tOZ-ßf - psS XpI kap-®-b-ambn IW-°m-°p-I. 2X +8=0 X = - 8 = -4 2 

KWnXw kpµcw 15873 x 7 = 11 1 11 1 15873 x 14 = 222 222 15873 x 21 = 333333 15873 x 28 = 444444 15873 x 35 = 555555

thZ-K-WnX coXn-bn¬ 3X-7+ 2X -3=0 5 X - 10 = 0 X = 10 = 2 5

manojspeedmaths@yahoo.com

lncWy

31 Unkw-_¿ 09


]pkvX-I-]cn-Nbw

Ch¿ Cu∏-IY X - n¬ Bfl-d™ - b nse h√ B›cy-hXp-Z-a¿i\w pt≠m? lcnFw. hniz-\m-Y≥ ...................................................................................................................................................... lcn-X-Z¿i\w tPm¨kn-bpsS Bfl-I-Y, tPm¨ kn tP°-∫v, amXr-`qan _pIvkv, t]Pv 176, hne: 100 cq]

......................................................................................................................................................

]c- n-ÿn-Xn {]-h¿- Ø - \-sØ H-cp Z¿-i-\-am-°n A-h-X-cn-∏n-°p-Ibpw \q-dp-I-W-°n\p in-jy-sc B Z-¿-i-\-Øn-s‚ A-\-¥-cm-hIm-in-I-fm-°p-Ibpw Po-hn-Xw ap-gp-h\pw {]-IrXn ]-T-\-Øn\pw ]-cn-]m-e-\-Øn\pw hn\n-tbmKn-® A-km-[m-c-W hy-‡n-Xz-am-bn-cp-∂ B-cm[-I-¿-°n-S-bn¬ tPm¨-kn F-∂-dn-b-s∏-´n-cp∂ tPm-¨. kn. tP-°∫v. tIm-gn-t°m-Sv tZ-h-Kncn tIm-tf-Pnepw ]-ø-∂q¿ tIm-tf-Pnepw A[ym-]-\ hr-Øn \-S-Øn-bn-cp∂ tPm-¨-knlncWy

bmWv {]-Ir-Xn kv-t\-ln-I-fp-sS tI-c-f-Øn-se B-Zy-sØ kw-L-S-\-bm-b kp-thm-f-Pn-°-¬ ¢∫v cq-]o-I-cn-®Xv. ko°v (SEEK) skm-ssk-‰n t^m-¿ F-≥-h-b-¨-sa-‚ v F-Pyp-t°-j-≥ tI-cf F-∂ kw-L-S-\-bv-°v _o-Pm-hm-]w \-S-ØnbXpw C-t±-lw Xs∂. ]-ø-∂q-¿ B-ÿm-\-am°n {]-h-¿-Øn-® Cu kwL-S-\ tI-c-f-Øn-se {]-Ir-Xn kv-t\-ln-I-fp-sS hen-sbm-cp B-imtI-{µ-hp-am-bn-cp∂p. ]-cn-ÿn-Xn ]-{X-{]-h-¿Ø\w F-∂ H-∂p-s≠-∂v tI-c-f-Øn-\v B-Zy-ambn Im-Wn®p-sIm-Sp-ØXpw C-t±-lw Xs∂. 32 Unkw-_¿ 09


ssa-\, kq-Nn-apJn, Bw≥Jv, {]-km-Zw Xp-Sßnb am-kn-I-I-ƒ tI-c-f-Øn-se ]-cn-ÿn-Xn kwc£-W N-cn-{X-Øn-¬ F-°m-ehpw Hm-¿-Ωn-°p∂ t]-cp-I-fmWv. A-ß-s\-bp-≈ H-cp {]-Ir-Xn kv-t\-ln Bfl-I-Y F-gp-Xn-bm-¬ A-Xn-¬ F¥n\mtWm {]m-apJyw D-≠mhp-I F∂-Xv X-¿°-c-ln-Xam-b Im-cy-am-Wt√m. AsX, tPm-¨kn-bp-sS B-fl-I-Ybm-b 'l-cn-X-Z-¿-i\w' t]cp kq-Nn-∏n-°p-∂Xp-t]m-se \n-d-™ {]-Ir-XnIm-gv-N-bmWv. a-g \\-™ Hm-¿a - I - f - n-¬ \n-∂m-Wv tPm¨kn X-s‚ I-Y-bm-cw-`n-°p-∂Xv. {]-Ir-Xn kvt\-ln-It- fmSpw ]-cn-ÿn-Xn hm-ZnItfmSpw H´pw Xm-ev-]-cy-an-√m-Ø G-sXm-cmfpw tPm¨-kn Hcp-°p-∂ Hm-¿-a-I-fp-sS {]-]-©-Øn-¬ ap-Kv-[-cmhm-Xn-cn-°n-√. A-t±-lw ]-d-bp∂p: "Hm-¿-a-I-ƒ Xp-S-ßp-∂Xpw a-g-bv-s°m-∏-amWv. tIm-´-b-Øn\-Sp-Øv a-dn-b-∏-≈n- Ip-´-\m-Sn-s‚ hS-°p In-g°p-`mKw. aq-∂p h-iØpw ]p-©-∏mSw. h-S-°phi-sØ I-c-bn¬ sIm-®p-]-d-ºn-¬ ho-´n-en-cp∂m-¬ Im-gv-N-I-ƒ ]-e-XmWv. sIm-√-Øn-tesdbpw sh-≈w ap-ßn-°n-S-°p-∂ ]mS-Øv Im‰-Sn®v Hm-f-ß-fp-b-cpw. t\m-°n-bn-cn-°p-tºm-ƒ ]m-Sw I-S-em-Ipw. Hm-f-ß-ƒ Xn-c-am-e-I-fm-Ipw. t_m-´p-I-ƒ I-∏-emIpw; hS-t° I-c I-S-¬-Øoc-am-Ipw.'' "a-g-°me-Øv sh-≈w s]m-ßpw. ]-dºnt\m-Sv sXm´p-sXm-´p \n-¬-°pw. Xq-º-sb-Sp-Øv ssI-h-gn-bp-≠m-°pw; sh≈-sØ ]-d-ºn-te-°v \-bn-°pw. ]ns∂, sh-≈w ssI-h-gnbpw I-S∂v, ]c-∂p I-b-dpw, ]-d-ºn-¬ \n-∂v ap-‰-tØ°v. ag A-hn-sSbpw \n-∂n-s√-¶n-¬ sh-≈w A-Sp-°f-bn-te°v.'' "a-g-°m-ew X-h-f-I-fp-sS km-[-\bp-sS Im-e-amWv. a-g Xp-S-ßn-bm-epS-s\ A-h¿ kw-Ko-Xm-`ym-kw Xp-S-ßpw. aq-∂p \m-ep Znhkw I-Sp-Ø km-[-\ Xs∂. ]n-s∂ i-–w Ipd-bpw. sh-≈w s]m-ßn-bm-¬ sN-dp tXm-Wn-Ifn-¬ I-®-h-S-°m-¿ h-c-hmbn. tkm∏v, N´n, Iew, No∏v, ]uU-¿, dn-∫-¨ D-®-Øn-¬ Iq-hn hn-fn-®v B-sf-°q-´pw.'' ln-µp kw-kv-°mcw Cu \m-´n-¬ \n-e-\n∂n-cp-∂ G-sXm-cp a-X-sØbpw A-Xn-i-‡-ambn kzm-[o-\n®n´p≠v. kzm-[o-\-Øn-\p Im-c-Wß- ƒ ]- e - X mWv . ap- J y- a m- b p≈- X v a- ‰ p aX°mtcm A-h-cp-sS ]n-≥-ap-d°mtcm ln-µp-°fn-¬ \n-∂p a-Xw am-dn-b-h-cm-Wv F-∂-XmWv. A-h-cp-sS c-‡-Øn-¬ Po-\p-I-fn-¬ ln-µp-hn-s‚ ]m- c - º - c y- a p- ≠ v . _m- e y- I m- e - s Ø- ° p- d n- ® v tPm¨-kn ]-db - p∂p "Ir-kvX - ym-\n-Iƒ - ]-e BNm-c-ß-fnepw ssl-µh-sc A-\p-I-cn-®p R-ßfp-sS ho-Sp-I-fn-¬ \n-e-hnf-°v {]-[m-\-amWv. k‘y-bm-bm-¬ F-√m ssl-µ-h Kr-l-ß-fnepw \n-e-hnf-°v I-Øn-®v A-Xn-\p Np-‰p-an-cp-∂v \maw P-]n®p. Ir-kv-Xo-b Kr-l-ß-fnepw \n-e-hnf-

""

Ir-kv-Xym-\nI-ƒ ]-e BNm-c-ß-fnepw ssl-µh-sc A-\p-I-cn-®p R-ßf - p-sS ho-Sp-I-fn-¬ \n-e-hnf-°v {]-[m-\-amWv. Ir-kX v- o-b Kr-l-ßfnepw \n-ehnf-°v I-Øn®v A-Xn-\p Np-‰p-an-cp∂v, R-ß-ƒ {]tX-yI - n-®v Ip-´nI-ƒ, IrkvXo-b Km-\ß-ƒ ]m-SpIbpw {]m-¿∞n-°p-Ibpw sN-bX v p.

lncWy

''

°v I-Øn-®v A-Xn-\p Np-‰p-an-cp∂v, R-ß-ƒ {]tX-y-In-®v Ip-´nI-ƒ, Ir-kvXo-b Km-\-ß-ƒ ]mSp-Ibpw {]m-¿-∞n-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. I-√ymWw Xp-Sßn-b hn-in-„m-h-k-c-ß-fn-¬ \n-e-hnf°v H-gn-®p-Iq-Sm-\m-hm-Ø ]q-Pm-h-kv-Xp-hm-bncp∂p. ]-e Ir-kvXo-b `-h-\-ß-fnepw sI-´nØq°n-b s\-¬-°-Xn-cp-Ifpw sh-≈-cn-Ifpw I≠p.'' F-√m-h-¿°pw Cu `q-an-bn-¬ Po-hn-°m-\p≈ Xp-eym-h-Im-iw H-cp \n-b-a-am-bnØ-s∂ A∂-sØ tem-Iw Aw-Ko-I-cn-®n-cp∂p. "F-√m Po-hn-I-ƒ°pw A-hn-sS G-Xm-≠v Xp-eym-h-Imiw A-\p-h-Zn-®p sIm-Sp-Øn-cp∂p.'' am-{X-a-√ " I-p-´-\m-´n-¬ C-∂-sØ-t∏m-se sIm-Xp-Ip-ieyw C-√m-bn-cp∂p.'' C-Xv H-cp B-[p\n-I a-\p-jys\ A-¤p-X-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-XmWv. C-∂v \-Ωfpw \-Ωp-sS k-¿-°m-cp-Ifpw sIm-Xp-In-s\Xn-sc ]c-ky-am-bn bp-≤-{]-Jym]-\w \-S-Øn-bn-cn-°p-Ibm-W-s√m. X-Æo-¿-ap-°w _≠pw N-ß-\m-t»cn ssl-thbpw C-√m-Ø Ime-Øv Ip-´-\m-´n¬ sIm-Xp-Iv ieyw C-√m-bn-cp-∂p F-∂ kXyw Nn-¥n-°p-∂-hsc ]-eXpw ]-Tn-∏n-°p-∂p-≠v. A∂-sØ Ime-sØ A-[ym-]-I hn-Zym¿∞n _-‘-ß-ƒ F-{X B-g-Øn-ep-≈-Xm-bn-cp∂p-sh-∂v \sΩ t_m-[y-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xm-Wv tPm- ¨ - k n- b p- s S A- \ p- ` hw. tIm- ´ - b sØ kn.Fw.Fkv. tIm-tf-Pv ssl-kv-Iq-fn-se {][m-\m-[ym-]-I-≥ B-bn-cw Ip-´n-I-sfbpw t]sc-Sp-Øp hn-fn-®n-cp-∂-s{X.' 1952˛em-Wv tPm¨kn ssl-kv-Iq-ƒ hn-´-Xv. 1960˛¬ a-{Zm-kv Irkv-Xy≥ tIm-tf-Pn-¬ ]-Tnbv-°p-∂ k-ab-Øv A-hn-sS sh-®v ssl-kv-Iq-fn-se {][m-\ A≤ym-]-I-\m-bn-cp-∂ km-ap-h-¬ am-jv F-Xn-sc h-cp∂-Xp I≠p. 'km¿ Hm-¿-a-bpt≠m?' F∂ tNm-Zy-Øn-\v am-jn-s‚ a-dp]-Sn C-Xm-bn-cp∂p 'tPm-¨ kn tP-°-_v 1952.' !!! a-Zn-cm-in-bn-¬ ]-Tn-°p-∂ Ime-Øv \-SØn-b \n-ch-[n ]-T-\bm-{X-Iƒ tPm-¨k - n-bn-se {]-Ir-Xn \n-co-£Is\ D-W-¿-Øm-≥ k-lm-bn-®n-´p≠v. aw-K-em-]pcw t]m-bn Xn-cn-®v h-cp-tºm-ƒ D-Ø-c-tI-c-f-Øns‚ h-iy ku-µcyw A-t±-lsØ l-Tm-Zm-I-¿jn®p. c-k-I-c-am-b h-kvXp-X Cu bm-{X-bn-¬ h-≠n ]-ø-∂q-¿ sd-bn-¬-sh-tÃ-j-\n-¬ F-Ønb k-ab-Øv X-\n-°v H-cp D-ƒ-t{]-c-W D-≠msb-∂v A-t±-lw ]-d-bp∂p. 'Rm-≥ Fw.Fkv.kn. I-gn-™m-¬ C-hn-sS-bm-bn-c-n°pw tPmen sN-bv-Xv Xm-a-kn-°p-∂-Xv.' C-Xv 1956˛¬ Bbn-cp∂p. D-ƒ-t{]-cW-sb k-Xy-am-°n-bXp-t]mse-bm-bn-cp-∂p A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Po-hnXw. Xs‚ Po-hn-X-Øn-s‚ {][m-\ ]-¶v A-t±-lw Ign™-Xv ]-ø-∂q-cn-em-bn-cp-∂p. a-{Zm-kv {In-kv-Xy-≥ tIm-tf-Pn-¬ Fw.Fkv.kn-°p ]-Tn-® Ime-Øv tUm. tPm-jzm F∂ A-[ym-]I-s‚ in£-Ww F-ß-s\-bm-Wv X-s‚ `m-hn-Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ ]-e-X-c-Ønepw kzm[o-\n-®-sX∂-Xv hn-i-Zo-I-cn-°p-∂p≠v. sNdn-b

33 Unkw-_¿ 09


Im-cy-ß-fn-¬-t]mepw h-epXm-b \n-jvI-¿-j h®p ]p-e-¿-Øn-bn-cp-∂ A-t±-l-Øn-s‚ Nn-e \n¿-t±-iß - s - f-°p-dn-®v tPm-¨ kn F-gp-Xp∂p ]T\-bm-{X-bn¬ "kv-s]-kn-a-≥ ti-J-c-W-am-Wv {][m\w. F-∂m-¬, H-tc h-¿-K-Øn-ep-≈ H-∂n-e[n-Iw P-¥p°-sf ti-J-cn-°-cpXv. ]n-Sn-°p-∂ Po-hnI-sf Ip-∏n-bn-¬ C-Sp∂-Xv \-√ IS-¬-sh≈-Øn-¬Ø-s∂ B-bn-cn-°Ww. Po-hn-sb A\m-h-iy-am-bn t\m-hn-°-cpXv. {]-hr-Øn I-gn-bptºm-ƒ C-f°n-b I-√p-I-ƒ F√mw b-Ym-ÿm\Øv ]p-\x-ÿm-]n-®n-cn-°Ww. Cu I-√p-I-fp-sS C-S-bn-em-Wv ]-e Po-hn-I-fp-sSbpw ]m-¿-∏nSw. I-√v C-f-Ip-tºm-ƒ `-b∂v A-h Hm-Sn-t∏m-Ip∂p. A-`-bm-¿-∞n-I-sf-t∏mse. F-∂m-¬ Ip-sd Ign-™v A-h Xn-cn-sI h-cpw. A-t∏m-ƒ A-h-cpsS `-h-\-ß-ƒ ]-g-b-]-Sn D-≠m-bn-cn-°Ww. tUm. tPm-jz ]-d-bp-am-bn-cp∂p.'' sske-‚ v hm-en {]-t£m-`-sØ-°p-dn-®v tPm-¨-kn-°p Nne-Xp ]-d-bm-\p≠v. "F-gp-]Xp-I-fn-em-Wv sske-‚ v hm-en P-e-ssh-Zyp-X ]-≤-Xn-s°-Xn-sc ]-cn-c-£-W-hm-Zn-I-ƒ B-Zy sh-Sn s]m-´n-®Xv. s{]m. Fw.sI. {]-km-Zm-Wv t\-Xmhv. A-t±-l-am-Wv sske-‚ v hm-en {]-iv\w am-[y-a-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw th-Zn-I-fn-eq-sSbpw Db-¿-Øn-bXv.'' ]-t£ Fw.sI. {]-km-Zv {][m\ {]-h-¿-Ø-I\m-b im-kv-{X-km-ln-Xy ]-cn-jØn-s‚ tI-{µ-I-Ωn-‰n ssh-Zyp-X ]-≤-Xn-sb∏‰n N-¿®-°p t]mepw X-øm-dm-bn-√. \m-´n-¬ t\Nz-¿ ¢-∫ns\ 's\-bv-t®m-¿ ¢∫v' F-∂v hn-fn-®v ]-cn-lk - n®-Xv Nn-e ]-cn-jØ - p-Im-cmWv. sske‚ v hm-en {]-t£m-`w P-bn-°p-sa-∂v D-d-∏m-Ip∂Xp h-sc ]-cnj-Øv ]≤-Xn-s°-Xn-sc an-≠n-bn√. ]-t£ Nn-e ]-cnj-Xv {]-h-¿-Ø-I¿ sske‚ v hm-en {]-t£m-`-Øn-¬ ]-s¶-SpØp.'' "sske-‚ v hm-en {]-iv-\w sX-cp-hn-te-°nd°nb-Xv kp-thm-f-Pn-°-¬ ¢-∫mWv. A-°meØv Rß-sf hn-fn-®n-cp∂-Xv kn.sF.F. Nm-c≥-am-¿ F-∂mWv. sske-‚ v hm-en ]≤-Xn h∂m-¬ tIc-fw hn-I-kn-®v k-º-∂-am-Ipw; AXv X-I-¿-°m-\p-≈ A-ta-cn-°-≥ KqVm-tem-N\-bm-Wt{X ]-≤Xn-tbm-Sp-≈ F-Xn¿∏v.'' "sshZyp-Xn t_m-¿Upw sXm-gn-em-fn t\-Xm-°fpw A∂p {]-N-cn-∏n-® \p-W-Iƒ-°v I-W-°n-√. H-Sphn-¬ ]≤-Xn D-t]-£n-®v ]pd-Øp t]m-tI-≠n h-∂-t∏m-ƒ Im-Sn-s‚ \-√ `m-Kw A-h-¿ Uo-k¬ H-gn-®v I-Øn-®p C∂pw B C-S-ß-fn-¬ ImSv ]-g-b X-c-Øn-¬ B-bn-´n-√.'' sske-‚ v hmen C-µn-cm-Km-‘n-bp-sS C-S-s]-S-en-√m-bn-cp-s∂¶n-¬ ]-cm-P-b-s∏-Sp-am-bn-cp∂p. B-b-Xn-\m-¬ tI-c-f-Øn-se ]-cn-ÿn-Xn hm-Zn-Iƒ-°v C-µn-cmKm‘n-tbm-Sv I-S-∏m-Sp-ap≠v. ]-t£ A-h-cp-sS a-c-W-ti-jw kq-Nn-ap-Jn am-kn-I-bn¬ tUm. t_-_n h-¿-Ko-kv C-µn-cm-Km-‘n-bp-sS a-cWsØ hn-i-Ie-\w sN-bv-Xv te-J-\-sa-gpXn. B te-J-\-Øn-s‚ km-cw C-ß-s\-bm-bn-cp∂p. "Cµn-c-bp-sS ac-Ww A-h-cp-sS sX‰m-b \-b-ß-

fp-sS Xn-cn-®-Sn-bmWv. AXp-sIm-≠v B-fl-lXy-bmWv.''

""

b-Ym-¿∞ a-Xw kzmX-{¥yamWv. `m-cX-Øn-s‚ a-Xw AØc-sam∂mWv. B kzm-X{¥yw as‰m-cn-SØ - pan-√. Rm\n-t∏m-ƒ {In-kvX - ym\n A-√.

lncWy

''

Znh-k-߃-°p ti-jw J-Z-¿-[m-cn-Ifm-b H-cp Iq-´w hn-Zym-¿-∞n-Iƒ tIm-tf-Pv h-cm-¥bn-te-°v I-b-dn-h∂p. A-h-cp-sS t\-Xm-hv sI.kn. thWp-tKm-]m-¬ 'kq-Nn-ap-Jn D-b¿ - Ø - n∏n-Sn-®p tNm-Zn®p: 'Cu km[-\w \n-ßfm-tWm C-d-°p∂-Xv?' 'A-sX.' "C-Xn-¬ R-ß-fp-sS AΩ-sb A-]-am-\n-®n-cn-°p∂p. DS-s\ £a tNm-Zn-®n-s√-¶n-¬ \n-s∂ sh-dp-sX hn-Sn√.' "thWp-tKm-]m-¬ j-¿-´n-s‚ tIm-f-dn-¬-∏n-Sn-®v De-®q' C-Øc - Ø - n-ep-≈ \n-ch-[n kw-L¿ - j - ßsf t\-cn-tS-≠n h-∂n-´p-≠v am-jn\v. ]-t£ Xm≥ G-sd kv-t\-ln-®n-cp-∂ ko-°n-¬ \n-∂v ]Sn-bn-d-tß-≠n h-∂-Xn-epw ]n-∂o-Sv H-cp-]m-Sv ]gn tI-ƒ-t°-≠n h-∂-Xn-epap-≈ Zpx-Jw h-cn-Iƒ-°n-S-bn-eq-sS \-ap-°v Im-Wmw. {]-Ir-Xn-bp-am-bn \mw Iq-Sp-X-¬ A-Sp-°ptºm-ƒ B AΩ \Ω-fn¬ A-\p-{K-lw sNmcn-bp∂p. A-Xv A-\p-`q-Xn-bmWv. \n-ch-[n ankv-‰n-Iv A-\p-`-h-ß-fn-eq-sS I-S∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p≠v tPm-¨kn. Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ ]-eXpw A-t±lsØ ssI-hn´p. A-hkm-\ \m-fp-I-fn-¬ At±-l-Øn-\p {`m-¥m-sW-∂p ]-d-™-h-¿ h-scbp≠v. F-¶nepw {]-Ir-Xn am-Xm-hn-ep-≈ hnizm-kw H-Sp-°w tPm¨-kn F-∂ ]-cn-ÿn-Xn {]-h-¿-ØI-s\ hm-kp-tZ-h-≥ F-∂ ln-µp-hm°n am‰n. th-Zm-¥w a-X-a-√ im-kv-{X-am-sW-∂v A-t±-lw Xn-cn-®-dn™p. Ir-kv-Xp-hn-s\ a-\ n-em-°-W-sa-¶n-¬ -th-Zm-¥w ]-Tn°-Ww F∂pw A-t±-lw hn-iz-kn®p. tPm-¨-kn-bp-sS ap-Ø-—-≥ ln-µp-hm-bn-cp∂p. A-t±-lw ]n-∂oSv {In-kv-Xpa-Xw kzo-I-cn-®-bm-fm-bn-cp∂p. a-cn°p-∂-Xn-\p ap≥-]v C-cn-ßm-e°p-S Iq-S-¬ amWnIyw t£-{X-Øn-\p ap-∂n-¬ \n∂p-sIm-≠v C-hn-sS-bp-≈ tZ-h-≥ shdpw I-√mWv, AXns\m-cp i-‡n-bp-an-√; \n-ß-ƒ A-\p-h-Zn-®m-¬ Rm\-Xv C-Sn®p-s]m-fn-®p-If - bmw F-s∂m-cp sh√p-hn-fn \-S-Øn-b-Xm-bn tI-´n-´p≠v.'' "b-Ym-¿-∞ a-Xw kzm-X-{¥y-amWv. `m-c-XØn-s‚ a-Xw AØ-c-sam-∂mWv. B kzm-X{¥yw a-s‰m-cn-S-Øp-an-√. Rm-\n-t∏m-ƒ {In-kvXym-\n A-√.'' tPm¨-kn F-gpXn. A-\u-tZymKn-I-am-bn X-s‚ ap-Ø—-s‚ t]cm-b hm-kptZ-h-≥ F-∂ t]-cv kzo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw Km-b{Xo a-{¥-sØ D-]m-kn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvX B Xt]m-[-\-≥ 2008¬ A-¥-cn-®p. F-s¥√mw A-`n-{]m-b `n-∂-X-I-ƒ {]-h-¿Ø-I-¿°n-S-bn-¬ D-s≠-¶nepw tPm¨-kn F∂ t]-cv tI-ƒ-°p-tºm-ƒ D-≈n-¬ B-¿{Z-X \nd-bm-Ø H-cp ]-cn-ÿn-Xn {]-h-¿-Ø-I\pw C-∂v tI-c-f-Øn-¬ D-≠m-In-√. A-{X-°p-ap-≠v B a\p-jy-s‚ kzm-[o\w. 

34 Unkw-_¿ 09


k\m-X\ tªmKv

cm-am-bW - Ø - n-se ar-Xk - R - P -v o-h\ - n-°p-th-≠n K-thj-Ww \-S° - p∂p cm-am-bW - Ø - n-¬ l-\p-am-≥ e-£a v- W-s\ c-£n-°m≥ k-Rv-Po-h-\n-°m-bn H-cp a-e ap-gp-h\pw Npa∂p sIm-≠p-h-∂-Xn-s‚ hn-h-c-ß-fp≠v. bp-≤-Øn¬ cm-hW - ] - p-{X-≥ C-{µ-Pn-Øn-s‚ i-cß - t- f-‰v t_m[-cl - n-X\m-b e-£va - W-s\ c-£n-°m-\m-Wv k-RvPoh-\n sIm-≠p-h-∂Xv. \n-ch-[n h-¿-j-ß-fm-bn B-bp-¿t∆-Z K-th-j-Icpw ]m-›m-Xy K-th-j-Icpw F-¥m-Wv Cu k-Rv-Poh-\n F-∂ A-t\-z-jW-Øn-¬ G-¿-s∏-Sm-≥ Xp-S-ßn-bn´v. e-£v-aW-\v t_m-[w Xn-cn-®p \-¬In-b Huj-[w F-¥m-Wv F∂ A-t\-z-j-W-Øn¬. k-Rv-Poh-\n F-∂ hm-°n-\¿-∞w Po-h-≥ \¬-Ip∂-Xv F-∂mWv. _mw-•q-cn-se H-cp Iq-´p imkv-{X⁄-¿ Cu A-t\-z-j-W-Øn-¬ G-sd Zq-cw ap-t∂m-´p t]m-bn-cn-°p∂p. k-ly-]-¿-h-X-Øn-epw, hn-‘y-\nepw A-cmh-en a-e-\n-c-I-fnepw Im-Wp-∂ c-≠v sN-Sn-I-fn-em-Wv A-h-cp-sS A-t\-zj-Ww FØn-\n-¬-°p-∂-Xv. ]- ∂ - ¬ h- ¿ - § - Ø n- ¬ - s ∏- S p∂ Selaginella bryopteris Dw Hm-¿-°n-Uv hn-`m-K-Øn-¬-s∏-Sp∂ Flickingeria finbriata am-Wv bq-Wn-th-gv-kn‰n Hm^v A-{Kn-°-ƒ-®-d-¬ Ã-Uo-kv _mw-•q-cn-te-bpw kn-¿-kn-bn-se tIm-tfPv Hm-^v t^m-d-kv-{Sn-bn-

lncWy

tebpw K-th-j-I-¿ F-Øn \n-¬-°p-∂Xv. H-∂m-at- Ø-Xv Xm-]Ø - n-¬ \n-∂p-≈ F-√m B{I-a-W-sØbpw sN-dp-°p-∂-XmWv. AXp-t]mseX-s∂ A-ƒ-{Sm-h-be-‰v In-c-W-ß-fp-sS tZm-jß- s fbpw C- √ m- X m- ° p∂p. c- ≠ masØ Hm- ¿ °nUpw ta-¬-]-d-™ Kp-W-ß-ƒ D-≈-Xp-X-s∂. K-th-j-I hn-`m-Kw X-e-h-≥ sI.F-≥. K-tWi-ø hn-ji-cw sImt≠m A-[n-IX - m-]w sImt≠m e-£v-a-W≥ t_m-[w sI-´v tIm-a A-hÿ-sb {]m]n-®n-cn-°m-sa∂pw k-Rv-Poh-\n e-£v-aW-\v ]pØ-\p-W¿-hv \-¬-In-bn-cn-°m-sa∂pw ]-d-bp-∂p. S. bryopteri's a-c-Wm-h-ÿ-bn-¬ \n-∂v Xs∂Ø-s∂ c-£n-°p-∂ ]-∂-¬ h-¿-K-amWv. B Kp-Ww a-\- n-em-°n-bn-cn°-Ww e-£v-aW-s‚ Poh-≥ c-£n-°m-≥ A-Xn-s\ D-]-tbm-Kn-®n-cn-°p-I. U¬-ln bq-Wn-th-gv-kn-‰n-bn-se kp-{]-kn≤ t_m´-Wn-kv‰m-b F®v. ssh. tam-l-≥ dmw Cu Zr-i{]-h-¿-Ø-\ß-sf «m-Ln®p. a-‰p-≈-h-¿°pw A-\pI-c-Wo-bam-b am-Xr-I-bm-Wv C-sX-∂v A-t±-lw ]-d™p. K-tW-i-ø ]-d-bp∂-Xv X-ß-ƒ C-t∏mgpw A-hkm-\ hm-°v ]-d-bm-≥ X-øm-d-√ K-thj-Ww ]p-tcm-K-an-°p-t∂-bp-≈q F-∂mWv.

35 Unkw-_¿ 09

courtesy: hindu.blog.com


sIm√-cp-sX∂v ]d™ "aX'Ø - ns‚ t]cn¬ temIsØ G‰hpw henb sIme-]m-XI - ß - ƒ sX-°-≥ t\-∏m-fn-¬ H-cnS-Øv ]-Øp e-£-tØmfw ln-µp-°-ƒ H-Øp-tN¿-∂v e-£-°-W-°n-\p arKß-sf _-en \-¬In. \q-dp-I-W-°n-\p In-tem-ao‰-¿ Xm-≠nbpw B-fp-I-ƒ t\-∏m-fn-se _m-cm Pn√-bn-se K-Voa-bn t£-{X-Øn-¬ FØn. Im-Tv-a≠p-hn-\v 100 In-tem-ao-‰-¿ sX-°v In-S-°p-∂ KVoabn t£-{X-Øn-te-°v ar-K-ß-tfbpw sIm-≠v B-fp-I-fp-sS {]-hm-l-am-bn-cp∂p. K-Uoa-bn t£{X-Øn-¬ A-©p h-¿-j-Øn-¬ H-cn-°-¬ \-S-°p-∂ H-cp N-S-ßm-WnXv. ap-Jy ]p-tcm-lnX-s‚ B-lzm\sØ Xp-S¿-∂v BZyw c-≠v F-en-I-sfbpw c-≠v {]m-hp-I-sfbpw c-≠v tIm-gn-I-tfbpw H-cp B-Snt\bpw H-cp ]-∂n-tbbpw _-en sIm-SpØp. sXm´-Sp-Ø ]m-S-Øv 250 t]-¿ _-en-°-Øn-bp-am-bn \nc∂p \n-∂p Xp-S-¿-∂v 20000tØm-fw F-cp-a-I-sfbpw a‰pw _-en \-¬In. C-Xn-s\-Xn-sc Im-Tv-a-fip-hn¬ ar-K-kv-t\-ln-I-ƒ {]-IS-\w \-SØn. hmfp-sIm≠v sh-´n sIm-√p∂-Xv {]m-Ir-X-am-Wv, {Iq-c-am-Wv

lncWy

C-Xh - k - m-\n-∏n°-Ww F-s∂m-s° ]-d™p. ]-t£ \q-‰m-≠p-I-ƒ ]-g-°-ap-≈ Cu k-{º-Zm-b-Øn-s\Xn-sc H∂pw sN-øm-≥ A-[n-Im-cn-I-ƒ X-øm-dm-bn√. telegraph.co.uk "am lnwkn' (sIm-√c - pXv) F∂v Cu tem-It- ØmSv BZyw ]-d™Xv Cu-izco-b hm-Wnbm-b thZ-amWv. ar-Kß-sf _-en \-¬-Ip∂Xv Cuiz-c \n-tj-[-am-Wv, Im-S-Ø-amWv F∂v Cu \q-‰m≠n-ep-≈h¿ C\n F∂mWv ]Tn-°p-I. Hcp arKsØ sIm-√m-≥ B-cm-Wv \-ap-°v A[n-Im-cw Xcp-∂Xv. H-cp ar-Kw Zb-\o-b-ambn ]nS-™p a-cn°p∂-Xv I-≠v \-ap-°v A-\p-{K-lw X-cp-∂-ht\m Cu-iz-c-≥? "A-lnw-km ]ctam [¿a' F-∂v Cu temI-Øv B-Zy-am-bn ]-dR-Xv th-Z-ß-fmWv. AXn-s‚ ]n-≥-ap-d-°m-sc-¶nepw lnwk-bn¬ \n∂p ]n-≥-am-dp-∂n-s√-¶n-¬ \mw \-Ωp-sS E-jn ]-cºc-tbm-Sp sN-øp-∂ A-\m-Z-c-hm-bn-cn-°nt√ AXv?

36 Unkw-_¿ 09


]mNIw tUm: ]n.-F. cm[m-Ir-jvW≥ (natural hygienist)

thhn-°m-Ø ]m-\o-bß - ƒ C-f-\o-¿ ]m-\obw

_o-‰v-dq-´v ]m-\o-bw

B-h-iy-ap-≈ km-[-\-߃ C-f\ - o¿ : 1 F-Æw G-e°mb : 2 FÆw tX-≥ : a-[p-cw ]m-I-Øn-\v

B-h-iy-ap-≈ km-[-\ß-ƒ: _o-‰v-dq-´v : 3 F-Æw \m-fn-tI-cw : 1 FÆw G-e°m-b : 4 FÆw i¿-°c : a-[p-cw ]m-I-Øn\v X-øm-dm-°p-∂ hn-[w : _o-‰v-dq-´v Nnc-In an-Iv-kn-bn-ec-®v ]n-gn-™v Nm-sd-Sp-Øv A-cn-®p-h-bv-°p-I. \m-fn-tI-cw NncIn ]n-gn-™-cn-®v ]m-se-Sp-Øv A-cn-®ph-®v _o‰v-dq-´v Nm-dn-s‚ Iq-sS tbm-Pn-∏n-®v i-¿-°-cbpw G-e° - m-bbpw s]m-Sn-®n-´v tN-¿Ø - nf-°n D-]t- bmKn-°mw.

X-øm-dm-°p-∂ hn[w: C-f-\o-¿ sh-´n-b-ti-jw Imºpw sh-≈hpw tN¿Øv an-Iv-kn-bn-en-´-Sn-®v a-[p-cw ]m-I-Øn-\v tX\pw tN¿Øv G-e-°m-bbpw s]m-Sn-®n-´v D-]-tbm-Kn-°mw.

tX-≥ ]m-\o-bw X-øm-dm-°p-∂ hn[w: a-¨-Iq-Pbntem a-¨-I-eØntem sh-®v X-Wp∏n-® sh-≈w H-cp •m-kv F-Sp-Øv a-[p-cw ]m-I-Øn-\v tX\pw H-cp ap-dn sN-dp-\m-c-ß-bp-sS \ocpw tN-¿-Ønf°n D-]-tbm-Kn-°mw.

sN-dp-\m-c-ß ]m-\obw X-øm-dm-°p-∂ hn-[w a-¨-Iq-Pbntem a-¨-I-eØntem sh-®v X-Wp∏n-® sh-≈w H-cp •m-kv F-Sp-Øv H-cp sN-dp-\m-c-ßbp-sS \ocpw Im-¬ So-kv-]q-¨ C-©n-\ocpw c-≠v Ge-°m-bbpw s]m-Sn-®n-´v a-[p-cw ]m-I-Øn-\v tX\pw tN¿-Ønf-°n D-]-tbm-Kn-°mw.

C-©n-\o-¿ ]m-\obw X-øm-dm-°p-∂ hn[w H-cp •m-kv sh-≈Ø - n-¬ H-cp kv] - q-¨ C-©n-\ocpw H-cp ap-dn sN-dp-\m-c-ß-bp-sS \ocpw a-[p-cw ]m-I-Øn\v tX\pw tN-¿-Ønf-°n D-]-tbm-Kn-°mw.

lncWy

tIc‰v ]m\obw Bh-iy-ap≈ km[-\-߃ tIc‰v : 1 Intem \mfn-tIcw : 1 FÆw sh≈w : ]mI-Øn\v Xøm-dm-°p∂ hn[w: tIc‰v Igp-In-b-cn™v sh≈hpw \mfntIcw Nnc-In-bXpw tN¿Øv anIvkn-bn-en´v ASns®-SpØv (A-Ωn-bn¬ Ac-s®-Sp-Øv) ]ngn-™cn-®-tijw D]-tbm-Kn-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.

s\√n° ]m\obw Xøm-dm-°p-∂-hn[w DW° s\√n° ]Øv FÆw IgpIn Xte-Zn-hkw Xs∂ sh≈-Øn-en-´p-sh-°-Ww. ]nt‰∂v s\√n° ]ngn™v N≠n Hgn-hm°n t\¿Ø Acn-∏-bn¬ Acn-s®-SpØv sNdp-\m-cß-\ocpw a[pcw ]mI-Øn\v tXt\m i¿°ctbm tN¿Øv Ign- ° mw. ]Øv s\√n° sIm≠v 5 •mkv sh≈-sa-¶nepw D≠m-°m-hp∂-Xm-Wv.

37 Unkw-_¿ 09


Fs‚ Po-hn-X-Øn-se h-gn-Øn-cn-hmWv 'ln-cWy' F-∂ am-knI. A-Xn-eq-sS-bm-Wv Rm-≥ th-Z-]-T-\-sØ-°p-dn-®-dn-™-v C-t∏mƒ Rm-≥ Xn-cn-®-dn-bp-I-bmWv. th-Zw {]-N-cn-∏n-°-s∏-tS-≠-XmWv. C-\n B D-Ø-c-hm-Zn-Ø-Øn-¬ \n-∂v B-¿°pw H-fn-t®m-Sn-IqSm. Imc-Ww Rm-≥ am-\pjn-I aq-ey-ß-sf-°p-dn-®v t_m-[-hm-\m-hpI-bmWv. \n-ß-ƒ F-s‚ lr-Z-b-Øn-¬ H-cp Xo-s∏m-cn-bm-bn hnXdn-b Cu-iz-c-Nn-¥, A-Xn-ep]-cn Z-¿-i-\ß-ƒ Du-Xn-°-Øn-®v Rm-≥ Cu-iz-c-\n-te-°v A-Sp-°p-I-bmWv. \n-ß-fp-sS F-√m {]h-¿-Ø-\-߃-°p ]n-∂nepw F-∂m-¬ sN-øm-\m-hp-∂ klm-b k-l-I-c-W-ß-ƒ Rm-≥ \nß-sf A-dn-bn-°p-I-bmWv. B-Nm-cys‚ ]p-kv-X-I-ß-ƒ F√mw X-s∂ hn-e-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. A-Xn-s‚ s]m-cp-ƒ km-[m-c-W-°m-cp-sS A-Sp-°-¬ F-Øn-°m-≥ I-Tn-\-]cn-{i-aw B-h-iy-amWv. B-Nm-cy-s‚ H-cp ]p-kvX-Iw hm-bn-®m-¬ A-bm-ƒ \nß-sf A-\-tz-jn-®p h-cpw. Xo-¿-®. "kq-cy-≥ D-Zn-®n-cn°p-∂p C-\n A-‘Im-cw A-Iep-I X-s∂ sNøpw'' Xo¿-®. Rm-≥ tI-´-dn-™ I-Y-bmWv. i-cnbmtWm F-∂-dn-bn-√. th-Z-ß-fn-¬ B-tbm-[-\ I-e-sb-°p-dn-®v hn-hc-Ww D-≠v F-∂Xv. A-Xv k-Xyam-tWm. B-sW-¶n-¬ F-gp-X-s∏-´-Xn-¬ B-Zy-{K-Ÿamb th-Z-ß-fn-¬ ]-d-™n-´p-s≠-¶n-¬ \mw B-tbm-[-\ I-e-I-fpsS XpS-°w a-‰v cm-Py-ß-fn-em-Wv F-∂v ]-d-bp∂-Xv sX-‰s√ (C∂v ]-Tn-∏n-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv) A-Xn-s\∏-‰n A-dn-bm-≥ Xm-¬-∏-cy-ap≠v. Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ hn-f°pw h-gn-Im-´n-bpam-b ln-c-Wy-°v k-¿-∆hn-[ `m-hp-I-ßfpw t\-cp∂p. _nPp. kn.Sn., ae-bn¬ Xmsg, t]cm{º BZy-am-bn-´mWv lncWy F∂ amknI ImWp-∂-Xv. Hcp kplrØv \m´n¬ \n∂v h∂-t∏mƒ I≠-Xm-Wv. BNmcy Fw.B¿. cmtP-jns‚ hy‡nXz hnI-k-\-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ teJ\w hfsc Adnhp \¬Ip-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. C\nbpw IqSp-X¬ Cu hnj-b-sØ-°p-dn®v Adn-bm≥ B{K-l-ap-≠v. IÆq-cn¬ \S∂ _rl- k v ] - t X- j v S n- b psS kv s ]jy¬ ]Xn∏v I≠- t ∏mƒ R߃°v CXn-sem∂p ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bmsX t]mb-Xn¬ \jvS-t_m[w tXm∂n. Aim-¥-amb IÆq-cn¬ _rl-kv]-tXjvSn-bn-eqsS im¥n-bpw, kam-[m-\hpw D≠m-Im≥ sI.-hn.-B¿.F-^v. \S-Ønb {]bXv\w {]iw-k-\o-b-am-Wv. Ip´n-I-fpsS kwkvIr-X-hpw, thZ-K-Wn-Xhpw ]pXnb Hcp A\p-`-h-am-bn-cp∂p. tImgn-t°mSv ]cn-k-chpw sshZnI BN-c-W-ß-fm¬ Hcp ]pWy-`qan Bbn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂p F∂v Adn-bm≥ Ign™p. thZ-a-{¥-[z-\n-Iƒ sIm≠v tImgn-t°mSpw Hcp Imin-tbm, hmcWm-kn-tbm, lcn-Zzmtdm t]mse Hcp ]pWy `qan Bbn amdns°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Fs∂-¶nepw Cu ]pWy-`qan kµ¿in-°m≥ Ign-bs´. \nß-fpsS BNm-cys\ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sm≥ Ah-kcw D≠m-Is´ F∂ {]m¿∞-\-tbmsS F√m Biw-kIƒ A¿∏n®p-sIm≠v kz]v\ sNss∂ lncWy

IØp-Iƒ IÆq-cn¬ \S∂ _rl-kv]t- X-jvSn-bn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°m≥ ap÷∑ kpIrXw t]mse `mKyw D≠m-bn. BZy-am-bn-´mWv Hcp bmK-Øn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂-Xv. Hmtcm NSßp-I-sf-°p-dn®pw hnh-cWw D≠m-bXv sIm≠v km[m-c-W-°m-cmb R߃°v hf-sc-b-[nIw Imcy-߃ a\- n-em-bn. b⁄-th-Zn-bn¬ \n∂mWv BZy lncWy hmßn- b - X v . aocm . sI. cmtP- j ns‚ bm{Xm-hn-h-cWw B Kpcp-Ip-e-Øn-te°v Iq´n-s°m-≠p-t]m-b A\p-`hw D≠m-bn. Cßs\ Hcp Kpcp-Ipew AZv`p-X-ambn tXm∂n. HIvtSm-_¿-˛-\-hw-_¿ e°w hmßn hmbn-®p. Ip´n-Iƒ°v th≠n-bp≈ teJ\w hfsc \∂m-bn-´p-≠v. AtXt]mse BI¿jn® H∂mWv BNmcy Fw.-B¿. cmtP-jns‚ K¿`-Ime kwkv I m- c sØ°p- d n®p≈ teJ- \ w. F∂m¬ C{Xbpw DXvIr-jvS-amb Nn¥ AXn\v ]n∂n¬ D≠v F∂Xv Hcp ]pXnb Adn-hm-Wv. C\n-sb-¶nepw Hcp \√ Xeapd D≠m-I-s´. _rl-kv]-tX-jvSn-bpsS kvs]jy¬ ]Xn∏v t^mt´m \∂m-bn-´p≠v. sNdnb Ip´n-Iƒ t]mepw A·ntlm{Xw sNøp-∂Xv I≠n´v a\- -dnbmsX ]d-™p-t]m-bn "]pWyw sNbvX AΩ-am¿' eX IÆq¿ lncWy

AXns‚ t]cp t]mse Xnfßp-∂p. Hmtcm e°w ]pXp-abp-≈Xpw hnt\m-Z-{]-Z-hp-am-Ip-∂p. ]pXnb ]w‡n \∂m-bn-cp-∂p. IqSp-X¬ {]Xn-`m-im-enIsf CXn-eqsS ]cn-Nb - s - ∏Smw F∂v IcpXp-∂p. hn.]n DÆn-Ipfw

BNmcy Fw.-B¿. cmtPjns‚ hy‡nXz- h n- I - k - \ - s Ø- ° p- d n- ® p≈ teJ\w IÆpw, a\ pw Xpd-∏n-®p. lncWy Hcp lncWyw Xs∂ cho-{µ≥, ae-∏pdw

38 Unkw-_¿ 09


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™



Adn™

PmXn-enw-K t`-Za- t\y th-Zw ]-Tn-°m-≥ A-hk-cw C-t∏m-ƒ I-Æq-cnepw

BNmcy Fw.-B¿. cmtPjv {io. ]n. ]n. e£va-Ws\ s]m∂m-S-b-Wn-bn-bv°p-∂p. Nnd-bv°¬ cmPm-hv {io cho-{µh¿Ω-cmP, sI.-hn.-B¿.-F-^v. Ub-d-IvS¿ ]n.-Sn. hn]n≥Zm-kv, F∂n-h¿ kao]w

k-\m-X\ sshZn-I [-¿-Ω-Øn-s‚ A-Sn-ÿm-\-{K-Ÿam-

]n.Fw. {]-Im-iv \-a-kv-°m-chpw ]-d-™p.

b th-Z-ßfpw A-h-bn-se B-N-c-W-ßfpw ]-Tn-°m-\p-≈ A-hk-cw I-Æq-cp-Im¿-°v C-Xm-Zy-am-bn ssI-h∂ - n-cn-°p∂p. Imiy-] th-Z dn-k-¿-®v ^u-t≠j-s‚ th-Z]-T-\ ¢m-kpI-ƒ \-hw-_¿ 29\v I-Æq-cn-¬ D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-bv-Xp. P-hl¿ sse-{_-dn lm-fn-¬ sh-®p \-S-∂ tbm-Kw B-Nm-cy Fw.B-¿. cm-tP-jv D-Zv-LmS-\w sN-bvXp. X-Z-h-k-c-Øn-¬ I-Æq-cn-se ]u-c{- ]-ap-J\pw ap-≥ \-Kc - ] - n-Xm-hpam-b ]n.]n. e-£v-aW-s\ B-Z-cn-°p-Ibpw sN-bvXp. th-Z-Øn-\p th≠n \n-e-sIm-≠h-sc B-Z-cn-°p∂-Xv sI.hn.B-¿.F-^ns‚ {]-Jym]n-X e-£y-am-sW-∂v A-[y-£ {]-kw-Kw \SØn-b hn-thIv. Un. tj-Wm-bv A-`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. "B-[ym-fln-IX ]-W-Øn-\v F-Xn-c√' ap-Jy {]-`m-j-W-Øn-¬ B-Nm-cy Fw.B-¿. cm-tPjv: "A-cp-Xp-I-fp-sSbpw hn-e-°p-I-fp-sSbpw ]-´n-I-bm-Wv C∂sØ aXw. ]-t£ B-[ym-fln-I-X hn-[n \n-tj-[-ßf-√. th-Z-ß-ƒ ]-d-bp∂-Xv [-¿-ahpw A-¿-∞hpw Im-ahpw tam£hpw th-W-sa-∂mWv. B-[ymfln-IX ]-W-Øn-s\-Xnc√. AXp-sIm-≠m-Wv C-hn-sS A-¿-∞-im-kv{Xw D-≠m-bXv. Po-hnX-sØ \n-tj-[m-fl-I-am-bn Im-Wp-∂-X-√ thZw. AXn-\m-¬ C-hn-sS km-a-Km-\w D-≠mbn. A-Xn-¬ \n-∂v kwKo-X-hpw. B-[ym-fln-I-X k-b-≥-kn-\v F-Xn-c-√ AXp-sIm≠v B-Zy-sØ B-‰-an-Iv Xnb-dn I-Wm-Z-\n-eq-sS A-h-X-cn∏n-°-s∏´p. k-ar-≤-am-Wv th-Z-ß-fp-sS Im-gv-N-∏mSv. C-Xp ]-Tn-®v B-Nm-c-ß-ƒ Po-hn-X-Øn-¬ ]-I-¿-Øp-tºm-ƒ \mw X-]- n-eq-sS E-jnXzw ssI-h-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv sN-øp-∂-Xv. C-Xv F-√m-h-¿-°p-ap-≈-Xm-Wv F-√m-hcpw ]-Tn-®v B-N-cnt°-≠-XmWv.'' B-iw-km {]-kw-K-Øn-¬ Nn-d-°¬ tImhn-eI-sØ c-ho-{µ-h-¿-Ω cm-P th-Z-ß-ƒ I-Æq-cn-se-Øn°m-\p-≈ sI.hn.B-¿.F-^n-s‚ {]-h¿ - Ø - \ - ß-sf hm-t\mfw ]p-I-gvØn. Xp-S¿-∂v Xm-≥ c-Nn-® H-cp th-Z-Ko-Xm-RvPen A-h-X-cn-∏n®p. N-S-ßn-¬ sI. i-in-[-c-≥ kzm-K-Xhpw

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



IÆq-cnse thZ-]T- \ - ¢ - m- n\v Nnd-bv°¬ cm-Pm-hns‚ Imhym-RvPen ⁄m-\amw ]m-cm-hm-c-Øn-∂-Sn-Ø-´n-¬-\n∂pw th-Z-ß-fmIpw a-Wn-ap-Øp-I-ƒ a-\p-P-¿-°mbv \-¬-Intbm≥ \m-cm-b-W-≥ tZ-h\pw tZ-h-¿-jn-bp-ao-a-l-¬-{K-Ÿ-ßsf am-\-h-cm-in-°m-bn-Ø-∂-sX-¥n-\m-sW-t∂m? sF-iz-cy-ao-hn-iz-Øn-se-ßp-ta-I-fn-bm-Sm≥˛ im-iz-X-im-¥n X-s‚ iw-sJm-en ap-g-ßp-hm≥, a-\p-P-\m-flo-b-am-bp-b-cm-≥, `-c-tXm¿∆n a-ln-X-kw-kv-°m-c-Øn-≥ tI-Zm-c-am-bn-Øo-cm≥, [-¿-Ω-Øn-≥-]-Y-Øn-¬\mw k-¥-Xw-N-cn-°p-hm≥, I-¿-Ω-a-fi-e-ta-Xm-sW-¶nepw hn-P-bn-°m-≥ \-ap-°p e-`n-s®m-co-ss∏-Xr-Iw ad-∂p \mw ]-Xn-®o-Sp-∂p kz-bw h≥-X-tam-K-¿-Ø-Øn¶-¬ F-Æ-bn-√msX, Xn-cn-bn-√m-Xo-a-Wn-Zo]w F-s¥m-cp a-lm-I„w! I-Øp-∂q I-cn-¥ncn A-W-bm-\-\p-h-Zn®o-sSm-√-sbm-cn-°epw A-Xn-epw-h-ep-Xm-bn-´n-√ a-s‰m-cp ]m]w B-bn-cw Xn-cn-bn-´p I-Øn-°q hn-f-°nXp tem-I-Øn-¬ th-Z⁄m-\ sh-fn-®w ]-c°-s´! A-£-b-a-`w-Kp-cw I-Ø-´o-a-Wn-Zo]w {]m-¿-∞n-∏q Rm-\o thZ-tPym-Xn-s m-´n-Xp-hn[w! "ip-`w-`h-Xp I-eymWw B-bpcm-tcm-Ky-h-¿≤\w a-a-Zpx-J-hn-\mim-b thZ-tPym-Xn-¿-\-am-aylw'

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

39 Unkw-_¿ 09


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

Nº¬°m-Sp-I-fn¬ F.-F-kv.sF ]p\-cp-≤-cn-®Xv Fgp-]-tXmfw tUm: sI.-sI. apl-ΩZv t£{X-߃



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



tchXn cma-N-{µ≥ sk{I-´dn

Imiy] thZ dnk¿®v ^ut≠-js‚ 2009-˛10s‚ thZ-{]-Nm-c-k` cq]h¬°-cn-®p. ]n.-Fw. iymw\mYv ({]-kn-U-≠v) , F.-]n. hnt\mZv Ipam¿ (ssh. {]knU-≠v), tchXn cma-N-{µ≥ (sk{I-´-dn), sI.-hn. kp{_-“-Wy≥ (tPm. sk{I-´-dn) a‰v AwK- ß ƒ: `ph-t\jv, Fw.-F≥. cma-N-{µ≥, hn.-]n. _me-Irjv W ≥, A\q]v i¶¿, Fw.- s I. A∏p- ° p- ´ ≥, kPnXm ctaiv, tim`\ _me-Ir-jvW≥, A\n-g-Ipamcn, aRvPna

sI.-hn.-B¿.-F-^v tbmK-¢mkv kwL-Sn-∏n°p∂p Imiy] thZ dnk¿®v ^ut≠-j≥ tbmK-¢m- pIƒ \hw-_¿ 19apX¬ Bcw-`n®p. c≠p amkw \o≠p\n¬°p∂ ¢mkp-Iƒ Km‘n-Kr-l-Øn¬ sh®mWv \S-°p-∂-Xv. {]ta-lw, s]mÆ-Ø-Sn, c‡-k-Ω¿≤w F∂o tcmK-߃ \nb-{¥-W-Øn¬ sIm≠p-h-cp-∂Xn\v Dt±-in-®p-≈-Xm-Wv ¢mkp-Iƒ.

108 hoSp-I-fn¬ A·n-tlm{Xw \S∂p PmXo-bX - t- bbpw enwK-hn-th-N\ - t- Øbpw kºq¿Æambn C√m-Xm-°p-∂Xv e£yw sh®v s]cp-a-Æ-bnep≈ 108 hoSp-I-fn¬ Htc Znhkw Htc-k-abw sshZnI hn[n-{]-Im-ca - p≈ A·n-tlm-{X-b⁄w \hw_¿ 28\v \S∂p. Imiy] thZ dnk¿®v ^ut≠js‚ ]¥o-cm-¶mhv kXv-kw-K-k-an-Xn-bpsS t\XrXz-Øn-emWv CXv kwL-Sn-∏n®-Xv. b⁄-Øn\v HSphn¬ s]cp-a-Æ-bnse ]pXn-tb-SØv {ioIr-jvW-t£{X-Øn¬ sh®v "PohnX hnP-b-Øn\v thZw' F∂ hnj-bsØ A[n-Ic - n®v Ipe-]Xn BNmcy Fw.-B¿. cmtP-jns‚ {]`m-j-Whpw \S-∂p.

Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv lncWy

Adn™

thZ-{]-Nm-c-k` cq]h¬°-cn®p

]n.-Fw. iymw\mYv {]-kn-U-≠v

Ip{]-kn≤ Nº¬sIm-≈° - m¿ ssIø-S°n sh®ncp-∂, Ncn{X {]m[m-\y-ap≈ a[y-{]-tZ-inse Fgp]tXmfw t£{X-߃ B¿°n-tbm-fP - n-°¬ k¿t∆ Hm^v C¥y°v kwc-£n-°m-\m-bXv sIm≈-°mcpsS IqSn klmbw sIm≠m-sW∂v kwc-£W {]h¿Ø-\Ø - n¬ apJy ]¶p hln® {]ikvX ]pcmhkvXp hnZ-Kv≤-\mb sI.-sI. apl-ΩZv A`n-{]m-bs∏-´p. Imiy] thZm dnk¿®v ^ut≠-j≥ kwLSn-∏n® "Nº¬°m-Sp-I-fnse ss]XrI kwc-£-WØns‚ hgn' F∂ skan-\m-dn¬ apJy {]`m-jWw \S-Øp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p At±-lw. s]mfn™p InS°p∂ Hcp Iq´w I√p-I-fn¬ \n∂v Hcp t£{Xw Fßs\ ]p\¿\n¿Ωn-°p∂p F∂v Nn{X-{]-Z¿i\ klnXw hni-Z-am-°n-s°m-≠m-bn-cp∂p At±-lØns‚ {]`m-j-Ww. t£{X-Øns\ ]p\x-kr-jvSn°pI am{X-a√ C\n-sbmcp Bbncw h¿j-tØ°v Hcp Ipg∏hpw hcmØ hn[-Øn-ep-am-Ws{X kwc£W {]h¿Ø- \ - ß ƒ \S- Ø n- b - X v . sIm≈°mcpsS {][m\ Bÿm-\-amb Nº-en¬ \n∂pw Fgp]-tXmfw t£{X-ß-fmWv apl-Ω-Zns‚ t\XrXz-Øn-ep≈ kwLw ]p\¿\n¿Ωn-®-Xv. sIm≈°msc t]meo-kn\v H‰n-sIm-Sp-°n√ F∂ D]m-[nbm- e mWv ]pcm- h kv X p hIp∏v t£{X ]p\¿ \n¿amWw XpS-ßn-b-Xv. sI.-hn.-B¿.-F-^v. Ub-dIvS¿ ]n.-Sn. hn]n≥Zmkv Bcy skan-\m¿ DZvLmS\w sNbvXp. sI.-hn. kp{_-“-Wy≥ A≤y-£\mb NS-ßn¬ kPnXm ctaiv kzmK-Xhpw Fw. tPymXn-te-b≥ \µnbpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn. NS-ßn¬ Fw. hniz-\m-Y≥ tUm: sI.-sI. apl-Ω-Zns\ BZcn-®p.





Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv

40 Unkw-_¿ 09



Adn™


Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™ncnt°≠Xv Adn™ncnt°≠Xv



Adn™

tcWpI amcn-b-Ω≥ tImhn-ense bPp¿t∆-Z-b⁄w `‡n-km-{µ-ambn Xfn tcWpIm amcn-b-Ω≥ tImhn-en¬ \S∂ `‡n- k m- { µ- a mb bPp¿t∆Z b⁄- t ØmsS Imiy] thZm dnk¿®v ^ut≠-js‚ aWvUe-Ime {hX-߃°v XpS°w Ipdn-®p. hr›nI amkm-cw` Znhkw ChnsS \S∂ AXy-]q¿∆amb bPp¿t∆-Z-b-⁄-Øn¬ \qdp-I-W-°n-\m-fpI-fmWv ]¶m-fn-I-fm-b-Xv. k¿ss∆-iz-cy-Øn\pw hy‡n-I-fpsS km[-\m-]-c-amb Db¿®bv°pw th≠n- b mWv bPp¿t∆- Z - b ⁄w sNbv X - X v . bPp¿t∆-Z-Ønse Xnc-s™-SpØ a{¥-ß-fmWv Blp-Xn-bv°mbn D]-tbm-Kn-®-Xv. ÿe-]p-Wymlw, ]cn-k-aq-l-\w, D]-te-]-\w, Dt√-J-\w, D≤-

c-Ww, A`yp-£-Ww, Ie-i-ÿm-]-\w, BNm-cyh-cWw XpS-ßnb AXy-]q¿∆ NS-ßp-I-tfmsS \S∂ b⁄- Ø n\v Imiy] thZ dnk¿®v ^ut≠-js‚ ]ptcm-ln-X-\mb cmP≥ _mept»cn t\XrXzw \¬In. N{µ≥ t]cm-{º, ken¬. sI., hniz-\m-Y≥. Fw. F∂n-h¿ bP-am-\-∑m-cmbn-cp-∂p. b⁄w tcWpI amcn-b-Ω≥ tImhn¬ sk{I-´dn _n. si¬h-cmPv DZvLm-S\w sNbvXp. aWvU-e-Im-eØv sI.-hn.-B¿.-F^v Xr»q¿, ae∏p-dw, tImgn-t°m-Sv, hb-\m-Sv, IÆq¿ F∂n-hn-Sß-fn-embn 20 bPp¿t∆-Z-b-⁄-߃ kwLSn∏n°p-∂p-≠v.

thZnIv In‚¿Km¿U≥: ]cn-N-b-k-º-∂-cmb A≤ym-]n-I-amsc Bh-iy-ap≠v Imiy] thZ dnk¿®v ^ut≠-j≥ DS≥ XpS-ßm≥ t]mIp∂ kuP\ythZnIv In‚¿Km¿U\nte°v (hn.sI.-Pn.) te°v t\gvkdn s{Sbv\nwKv ]q¿Øn-bm-°nb ]cn-N-b-k-º-∂-cmb A≤ym-]n-I-am-cn¬ \n∂v At]£-Iƒ £Wn-°p-∂p. Db¿∂ iºfw e`n-°p-∂-XmWv. _mep-t»cn `mKØp \n∂p≈ At]-£-I¿°v ap≥K-W-\-bp-≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. _tbm-Um-‰bpw

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k¿´n-^n-°-‰p-I-fpsS ]I¿∏pw t^mt´mbpw klnXw At]-£-Iƒ Unkw-_¿ 30-\p-≈n¬ Xmsg ImWp∂ hnem-k-Øn¬ Ab-bvt°-≠-Xm-Wv. At]-£ Abbv°p∂ Ih-dn\p apI-fn¬ Application for Vedic Kindergarden Project F∂v Fgp-tX-≠-Xm-Wv. kasyapa veda research foundation

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IInd Floor, Sreekanteswara Complex, Mavoor Road, Kozhikode-673 004, 

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"t£{Xm-cm-[\ Fßns\?' "t£{Xm-cm-[\ Fßns\' F∂ hnjbsØ Bkv]Zam°n sI.hn.B¿.F^v. hnhn[ ÿeßfn¬ \hw-_¿ amkØn¬ \SØnb kXvkwKßsf°pdn®p≈ hm¿ØIƒ t]cm{º: 11\v It√mSv bp.-]n. kvIqfn¬ sh®v \S-∂p. lcn-Zm-k≥ A≤y-£-\mb NS-ßn¬ iin-[-c≥ t]cm{º kzmK-Xhpw _me-IrjvW≥ ImbÆ \a-kv°m-chpw ]d-™p. kptPjv I√m-bn-bpsS {]`m-j-Whpw hnt\m-Zv, cmP≥ t]cm{º F∂n-h-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p.

Unkw-_¿ amksØ kXvkwKw hnjbw: "Po-hnX hnP-b-Øn\v thZw'

tNhm-bq¿: 15\v s\bvØp-Ip-f-ß-c-bp≈ £am-`mbn F∂-h-cpsS ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. im¥m tat\m°n A≤y-£-\mb NS-ßnev _m_p-cm-P≥ kzmK-Xhpw ]d-™p. lcn-Zm-k≥ sImf-Ø-d-bpsS {]`m-j-Whpw im¥m tat\m-°n, kp\n-X, A\n-g-Ip-amcn F∂n-hcpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p.

Gcnb hS- I c shÃv l n¬ ]¥o- c m- ¶ mhv Ipµ- a w- Kew sImbn- e m≠n tNhm- b q¿ Ip‰n- ° m- ´ q¿ ^tdm°v aem-∏-dºv t]cm{º Imc-∏-dºv sImf- Ø d hf-b-\mSv _mep- t »cn kn‰n I√mbv _o®v

Ipµ-aw-Kew: 8\v Ip‰q-fn-]-d-ºv cta-is‚ ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. t{]am\- µ ≥ A≤y- £ - \ mb NS- ß n¬ F≥.- s I. Ipam- c ≥ kzmK- X hpw kp\nØv \a-kv°m-chpw ]d-™p. kptPjv I√m-bn-bpsS {]`m-jWhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. shÃvln¬ : 8\v Xe-°p-f-Øq-cnse ]d-ºØv sNtºmfn Zmtam-Zc≥ F∂-h-cpsS ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. Sn. Dt]-{µs‚ A≤y-£-\mbncp-∂p. iin t]cm-{º-bpsS {]`m-j-Whpw {]W-hv.-Sn. AJn¬, {]Imin\n F∂n-h-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p. ^tdm°v: 22\v ]m∏-∂q¿ inh-t£-{X-Øn-\-Sp-Øp≈ _m_p-hns‚ ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. IrjvW≥ A≤y-£-\mb NS-ßn¬ {]tPmjv kzmK-Xhpw i¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥ \a-kv°m-chpw ]d-™p. tim` So®dpsS {]`m- j - W hpw [\y- b p- s S t\Xr- X z- Ø n¬ A·n- t lm- { Xhpw D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. _mep-t»cn: 29\v hnc-Pm-\µ Kpcp-Ip-e-Øn¬ sh®v \S-∂p. kpja A≤y-£-bmb NS-ßn¬ IrjvW≥ Ip´n kzmK-Xhpw ]d-™p. lcnZm- k ≥ sImf- Ø - d - b psS {]`m- j - W hpw cmP≥ _mep- t »- c n- b psS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p. tImgn-t°mSv kn‰n: 29\v Ag-sImSn tZho aµn-c-Ønse an\n-lmfn¬ sh®v \S∂p PoP-So-®¿ A≤y £bmb NS-ßn¬ caWn So®¿ kzmK-Xhpw inh-Zm-k≥ \a-kv°m-chpw ]d-™p. kmbnP So®-dpsS {]`m- j - W hpw Pb- c m- P ≥, kµo- ] v , hmk- ¥ n, KoX F∂n- h - c psS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p. sImf-Ød: 22\v Hf-hÆ \mK-Øpw-]mSw ]p¬]-d-ºn¬ hmkp-tZh≥ F∂-h-cpsS ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. hmkp-tZ-h≥ kzmK-Xhpw Znhy \a-kv°m-chpw ]d-™p. A≥kp hf-b-\m-Sns‚ {]`m-j-Whpw tim`-\, lcn-X, A¿Pp≥, kcnX F∂n-h¿ tN¿∂v A·n-tlm-{Xhpw sNbv X p. aem-∏-dºv: 15\v sNdp-h-‰-°-Shv (aq-gn-bv°¬) ]≈n-bm-d-bv°¬ `Kh-Xn-t£-{X-Øn¬ sh®v \S-∂p. _m_p Xøn¬ A[y-£-\mb NSßn¬ them-bp-[≥ kzmK-Xhpw Ir]-Ip-am¿ \a-kv°m-chpw ]d™p. kptajv I√m-bn-bpsS {]`m-j-W-hpw, APn≥ Xøn¬, AizXn Xøn¬, kp`mjv N{µ≥ F∂n-h-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm{Xhpw \S-∂p. _o®v: 29\v ]pXn-bm-∏-bn¬ sh®v \S-∂p. Acp-tWjv A≤y-£-\mb NS-ßn¬ kp\nX \a-kv°mcw ]d-™p. hn.-]n. _me-Ir-jvWs‚ {]`m-j-Whpw _me-kp-{_-“Wyw A·n-tlm{Xw sNbvXp. ]¥o-cm-¶mhv: 8\v am{X-bv°-en¬ {iocm-Kns‚ ho´n¬ sh®v \S-

XnøXn 6˛12-˛2009 6˛12-˛2009 6˛12-˛2009 6˛12-˛2009 13˛12- ˛ 2009 13˛12- ˛ 2009 13˛12- ˛ 2009 13˛12- ˛ 2009 13˛12- ˛ 2009 20˛12-˛2009 20˛12-˛2009 20˛12-˛2009 20˛12-˛2009 27˛12-˛2009 27˛12-˛2009 27˛12- ˛ 2009 27˛12- ˛ 2009

kabw 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 9.30 A.M 4.00 P.M 9.30 A.M 9.30 A.M 9.30 A.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M 4.00 P.M

∂p. Irjv W ≥ ]md- Ω ¬ A≤y- £ - \ mb NS- ß n¬ anYp≥ cmPv \µnbpw ]d-™p. ]n.-]n. DÆn-°r-jvWs‚ {]`m-j-Whpw iin, IrjvW≥, tZh-In-bΩ F∂n-h-cpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm{Xhpw \S-∂p. I√mbv: 29\v ]gp-Ip-∂Øv tla-{]`bpsS ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. hmkp-tZ-h≥ ]øm-\-°¬ kzmK-Xhpw kptajv I√mbv \a-kv°mchpw ]d-™p. cmtKjv Imc-∏-d-ºns‚ {]`m-j-Whpw ktPjv ]øm\-°¬, {]^p-√≥, kpta-jv, hmkp-tZ-h≥, F∂n-h-cpsS t\Xr-XzØn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p. hf-b-\mSv: 15\v {io \S-Ω¬ tZho t£{X ]cn-k-cØv sh®v kXvkwKw \S-∂p. N{µ≥ hf-b-\mSv A≤y-£-\mb NS-ßn¬ kn‘p A≥kp kzmK- X hpw sI.- s I. _o\ \a- k v ° m- c hpw ]d- ™ p. jo\m cmtP-jns‚ {]`m-j-Whpw kz¿W-e-X-bpsS t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p. Imc-∏-dºv: 22\v FS-°mSv Xmhp-≠-∏p-d-Ømgw APbv kp{_-“Wys‚ ho´n¬ sh®v \S-∂p. sI. h’≥ kzmK-Xhpw cm[m-IrjvW≥ \a-kv°m-chpw ]d-™p. caWn So®-dpsS {]`m-j-Whpw APbv kp{_-“-Wy≥, tim`-\, APnXv {]kmZv F∂n-h-cpsS t\XrXz-Øn¬ A·n-tlm-{Xhpw \S-∂p.

Printed by K. Meera Rajesh, Published by K. Meera Rajesh, Owned by K. Meera Rajesh, Printed at Prameela Press, Oyitty Road, Mele Palayam, Calicut. Ph: 0495-2722889, Published at IInd Floor, Sreekanteshwara Complex, Mavoor Road, Kozhikode - 4 (Calicut), Ph: 0495-2724700, Editor: Vivek. D. Shenoy. Book one, Volume 9, 2009 December, Price Rs. 20.00

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