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Pictorial Temporal Representation of Documents to Help People who have Trouble to Read or Understand Design to Read Workshop at CHI 2010 Naushad UzZaman, Jerey P. Bigham and James F. Allen Department of Computer Science University of Rochester, Rochester, NY


Bangladesh: A developing country

Population: 160+ million, ~3000/sq mi (1)

Per-capita GDP doubled since 1975 (1) http://www.state.gov/cms_images/bangladesh_map.jpg

43.1% Literacy (2)

Naushad UzZaman

(1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bangladesh (2) http://www.nationmaster.com/country/bg-bangladesh/edu-education

April 10, 2010


Reason Behind Low Literacy •

81.3% living under <$2 and 49.6% living under <$1.25 a day (1)

Too few quality teachers

Average salary of senior teacher $3 a day (2)

200,000 teachers educate 18.5 million students in 37,672 govt primary schools (2) http://commons.wikimedia.org/wiki/File:Child_labor_Bangladesh.jpg

Teacher’s exam: 600K took exam, 66K passed written, 16K passed interview. (2) (1) http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_countries_by_percentage_of_population_living_in_poverty (2) http://www.irinnews.org/report.aspx?ReportId=83420

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Hope! •

Govt. failed, but private/non-govt sector gave hope

BRAC, largest NGO in the world

~63,000 schools (primary and pre-primary) with 1.88 million students (1)

other countries: Afghanistan, Sudan, Uganda, Sierra Leone, Tanzania, Pakistan and Srilanka!

Grameen Bank (initiated by Nobel Laureate Dr. Muhammad Yunus, inventor of Microcredit, 2006 Nobel Peace Prize)

Naushad UzZaman

(1) http://www.brac.net/useruploads/files/BRAC%20Annual%20Report%20-%202008.pdf

April 10, 2010


How can we reach them? •

Just BRAC has 875 libraries with IT, 2002 community libraries, 553 mobile libraries (1)

IT Infrastructure is already established in many libraries and schools

Initiate programs to reach students through libraries

Expand these programs in schools

(1) http://www.brac.net/useruploads/files/BRAC%20Annual%20Report%20-%202008.pdf

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


How can we help? •

Create content for them

Manual creation is not possible

Automatic content creation

Easy to understand

Easy to create

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Impacts... •

People will know how to survive the flood

People will know the danger of drinking water from unsafe place

A farmer will know how to produce better crops

A student will know the history of Bangladesh

Students will be less affected by the inaccessibility of skilled teachers

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Sample Text Burj Dubai, whose opening has been delayed twice since construction began in 2004, will mark another milestone for the deeply indebted emirate with a penchant for seeking new records. Dubai, one of seven members of the United Arab Emirates, gained a reputation for excess with the creation of man-made islands shaped like palms and an indoor ski slope in the desert. With investor confidence in Dubai badly bruised by the emirate's announcement in November that it would seek a debt standstill for one of its largest conglomerates, the Burj Dubai is seen as a positive start to the year after a bleak 2009.

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Pictorial Temporal Representation

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Challenges •

Build temporal structure of document

Extract events and temporal expressions

Identify temporal relations between events or event and temporal expression

Generate a temporal structure and represent them in easy to follow manner

Generate images for events and associated entities

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Who else will be benefitted? • People with Learning disabilities • People whose first language is not English • Children • Older people

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Our Expertise James Allen Jeffrey Bigham Natural language Human Computer Interaction understanding/processing Web Accessibility Co"aborative Human-Machine Creator: WebAnywhere for Blind Interaction people Naushad UzZaman

Temporal Information Processing, NLP Bangla Language Processing

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010


Questions?

â&#x20AC;˘ Thank you!

Naushad UzZaman

April 10, 2010

Presentation Pictorial Temporal Structure of Documents  

Pictorial Temporal Structure of Documents to Help People who have Trouble Reading or Understanding.

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