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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

SCIENCE BOOK Nº 1 INDEX DICTIONARY OF CONCEPTS .............................................................................................................................................. 4 RESUME OF CONTENT ......................................................................................................................................................... 8 EXTENSION OF CONTENT ................................................................................................................................................. 10 EXPERIMENT ....................................................................................................................................................................... 24 PROJECT INFORMATION .................................................................................................................................................. 26 PRESS ARTICLE ................................................................................................................................................................... 28 1 INITIAL ............................................................................................................................................................................... 31 2 CLASSROOM ...................................................................................................................................................................... 35 3 PROBLEM ........................................................................................................................................................................... 41 5 PRACTICE .......................................................................................................................................................................... 48 6 PROJECT ............................................................................................................................................................................ 53 7 TASK .................................................................................................................................................................................... 58

ESO 4º BIOLOGÍA Y GEOLOGÍA UNIDAD DIDÁTICA 1

TECTÓNICA GLOBAL

EPÍGRAFE

CONCEPTS

Recogida, identificación y utilización de información procedente de diversas fuentes, incluidas las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información sobre el medio natural. Interpretación del modelo dinámico de la estructura interna de la Tierra. La tectónica de placas, una revolución en las ciencias de la tierra. Utilización de la tectónica de placas para la interpretación del relieve y de los acontecimientos geológicos.

TEMPORALIZACIÓN

APRENDIZAJE IMPRESCINDIBLE

CRITERIO

INSTR.

SESIÓN

EVAL.

Conceptos

2. Conocer, utilizar y seleccionar diferentes fuentes de información necesarias para abordar las tareas y problemas planteados, utilizando en la medida de lo posible medios audiovisuales e informáticos

INICIAL

CLIL

EVALUACIÓN

2

AULA

CONTENIDO

3

Conoce el modelo dinámico de la estructura interna de la Tierra y la teoría de la Tectónica Global 5. Explicar las principales manifestaciones de la dinámica interna de la Tierra

Algunas interpretaciones históricas sobre el origen y antigüedad de las montañas. El ciclo de las rocas. Interacciones entre procesos geológicos internos y externos. Formación de las cordilleras: tipos y procesos geológicos asociados.

Concepción global y dinámica de los cambios que han afectado y afectarán al planeta Tierra

El origen de la Tierra. El tiempo

Reconocen la magnitud del tiempo geológico

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

4. Identificar y describir hechos

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4. Reconocer la importancia de los fósiles como testimonios estratigráficos y paleobióticos.

Desarrolla las habilidades necesarias para seleccionar y comparar diferentes fuentes de información, incluso medios audiovisuales e informáticos, según las actividades que se le propongan

2. Conocer, utilizar y seleccionar diferentes fuentes de información necesarias para abordar las tareas y problemas planteados, utilizando en la medida de lo posible medios audiovisuales e informáticos

5. Localizar la ubicación en mapas terrestres de las principales manifestaciones de la dinámica interna de la Tierra

PROBLEMA

Apreciar el valor de los fósiles como indicadores de los cambios naturales y su importancia en la datación de eras y sucesos geológicos y de otros registros geológicos tales como la datación estratigráfica, los tipos de rocas, las cordilleras y procesos orogénicos o las trasgresiones y regresiones marinas.

3

EXAMEN CONTENIDOS

Los fósiles, su importancia como testimonio del pasado. Los primeros seres vivos y su influencia en el planeta. Identificación de algunos fósiles característicos. Reconstrucción elemental de la historia de un territorio a partir de una columna estratigráfica sencilla.

1

Pruebas del desplazamiento de los continentes. Las dorsales y el fenómeno de la expansión del fondo oceánico.

Dibujar e interpretar mapas que indiquen zonas de construcción y destrucción de la corteza

2

Distribución geográfica de volcanes y terremotos.

Identificando los puntos de mayor riesgo sísmico y volcánico.

PRÁCTICA

4. Registrar alguno de los cambios más notables de su larga historia utilizando modelos temporales a escala

Las placas litosféricas. Procesos asociados a los bordes de placa. Actividad en el interior de las placas: el origen de las Islas Canarias y otros archipiélagos. Valoración de las consecuencias que la dinámica del interior terrestre tiene en la superficie del planeta.

Aplica el modelo dinámico en la explicación de manifestaciones geológicas aparentemente no relacionadas entre sí, como la formación de cordilleras, la coincidencia geográfica de terremotos y volcanes, la formación de islas oceánicas (Islas Canarias), las coincidencias geológicas y paleontológicas de territorios actualmente separados por los océanos, etc.

5. Utilizando el modelo dinámico de la estructura interna de la Tierra y la teoría de la Tectónica Global.

PROYECTO

Identificación en una tabla cronológica de los acontecimientos fundamentales de la historia de la Tierra, cómo era la Naturaleza en algunas épocas pasadas (distribución de mares y tierras, climatología, etc.), las razones de su modificación

2

Lectura de artículo de prensa actual.

2. Conocer, utilizar y seleccionar diferentes fuentes de información necesarias para abordar las tareas y problemas planteados, utilizando en la medida de lo posible medios audiovisuales e informáticos

TAREA

Las eras geológicas: ubicación de acontecimientos geológicos y biológicos importantes.

1

Desarrolla las habilidades necesarias para seleccionar y comparar diferentes fuentes de información, incluso medios audiovisuales e informáticos, según las actividades que se le propongan

2. Conocer, utilizar y seleccionar diferentes fuentes de información necesarias para abordar las tareas y problemas planteados, utilizando en la medida de lo posible medios audiovisuales e informáticos

EXAMEN PRÁCTICAS

CONTENTS

geológico: ideas históricas sobre la edad de la Tierra. Principios y procedimientos que permiten reconstruir su historia. Utilización del actualismo como método de interpretación.

1

CULTURE

2. Recogida, identificación y utilización de información procedente de diversas fuentes, incluidas las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información sobre el medio natural.

Recogida, identificación y utilización de información procedente de diversas fuentes, incluidas las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información sobre el medio natural.

2. Recogida, identificación y utilización de información procedente de diversas fuentes, incluidas las tecnologías de la información y la comunicación para obtener información sobre el medio natural.

LEARNING ESSENTIAL

INSTR.

SESIÓN

EVAL.

LANGUAGE OF LEARNING

Nombres contables e incontables

AULA

CLIL

COMUNICATION

3

LANGUAGE FOR LEARNING

Past simple vs past continuous

PROBLEMA

UNIT 1

3

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

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Realizar trabajos sencillos de investigación adecuados al nivel e intereses del alumnado. LANGUAGE THROUGH LEARNING

Comprender y producir textos sencillos orales utilizando los conocimientos previos del alumnado, así como lo trabajado en el aula.

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

PROYECTO

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DICTIONARY OF CONCEPTS

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RESUME OF CONTENT

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EXTENSION OF CONTENT

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EXPERIMENT

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b)

c)

a)

b)

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PROJECT INFORMATION

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PRESS ARTICLE Iran earthquake relief efforts begin after 250 killed http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-19231118 12 August 2012

Relief operations are under way in Iran after two strong earthquakes in the north-west left at least 250 people dead and more than 2,000 injured. The 6.4 and 6.3 quakes struck near Tabriz and Ahar in in East Azerbaijan province on Saturday afternoon, followed by dozens of aftershocks. More than 100 villages suffered damage - thousands of people spent the night in emergency shelters or in the open. Relief agencies are providing survivors with tents, bread and drinking water. The BBC's Mohsen Asgari in the capital Tehran says hundreds of people were rescued overnight, but that the aftershocks had made the operation exhausting. By midday on Sunday, Deputy Interior Minister Hassan Ghadami said that "all those under debris have been rescued and the quake-stricken people are now being provided with their basic needs". Our correspondent says the operation could be completely quickly because villagers knew each other well so knew where to search, and because the houses were small.

'Mass grave' The towns of Haris and Varzaqan were also among those hit and one resident of Tabriz told the BBC: "The quake has created huge panic among the people. Everyone has rushed to the streets." But local officials said all the deaths have been in rural areas, not in the main towns and cities. The official Fars news agency reported that about 110 villages had been damaged. At least were four totally flattened and 60 others sustained extensive damage. "This village is a mass grave," said Alireza Haidaree, who had been searching for survivors in Baje Baj village. "There are so many other villages that have been completely destroyed," he told AFP. Reports said rescuers attempting to contact remote villages had to do so by radio as many phone lines were cut off. The BBC's Mohsen Asgari says the authorities are now concentrating on helping survivors

A resident of Tabriz told Reuters that a local hospital he visited to give blood was struggling to cope with the number of injured people, most of whom had been taken there by their families.

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Arash, a resident of Ahar, told Reuters the hospital there was full, and that the road between the two towns was jammed with people trying to find medical help.

Stadium shelter Dozens of families spent the night outdoors in parks, and television showed footage of bodies lying in a mortuary in Ahar, including those of children. There were reports that in some areas many of the victims were women, who had been inside homes preparing evening meals to break the Ramadan fast. A 13-year-old girl near the village of Mirza Ali Kandi told AFP she survived because she had been playing outside her house when the quake struck, but that her brother and sister, who had stayed inside, were both killed. One farmer from the village of Qanbar Mehdizade said he and his family also survived because they had been working in the open fields at the time. Interior Minister Moustafa Mohammad-Najjar told state media that reconstruction work would begin immediately, to ensure homes were built before the onset of winter. Sixty-six rescue teams have been sent to the region, along with about 200 ambulances and five helicopters. The Red Crescent has provided 3,000 tents, blankets, food and blood supplies. It also took over a sports stadium to provide emergency shelter to about 16,000 people who had fled their homes. But Iranian politician Mohammad Hassan-Nejad said relief groups had still not been able to reach the more remote areas and warned the death toll could rise.

The Turkish Red Crescent said it was sending emergency supplies to the border, but AFP quoted officials as saying Iran would be able to handle the disaster itself. The first quake struck 23km (14 miles) south-west of Ahar and 58km (36) miles north-east of Tabriz at 16:54 local time (12:23 GMT) on Saturday, said the US Geological Survey. The second earthquake struck just 11 minutes after the first, slightly closer to Tabriz. Iran straddles a major geological fault line, making it prone to seismic activity. In 2003 an earthquake in the city of Bam left more than 25,000 people dead.

HELP: http://internacional.elpais.com/internacional/2012/08/11/actualidad/1344703508_771339.html

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NAME… 1 INITAL 2 CLASSROOM 3 PROBLEM 4 TEST OF CONTENT

GROUP:

A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

D D D D

E E E E

DATE…/…/…

MARK[5%]: MARK [10%]: MARK [10%]: MARK [25%]:

WORKBOOK OF CONTENT Nº 1 INDEX 1 INITIAL ............................................................................................................................................................................... 31 2 CLASSROOM ...................................................................................................................................................................... 35 3 PROBLEM ........................................................................................................................................................................... 41

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A

NAME…

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B

C

D

E

MARK[5%]: GROUP:

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2 CLASSROOM

A

B

C

D

NAME…

E

MARK[10%]: GROUP:

DATE…/…/…

Use the DICTIONARY OF CONCEPTS from the science book and answer the following activities: 1. Define the following concepts: (1) Mantle

Is a thick layer of dense, semi-liquid rock which extends

(2) Magma

Is hot molten rock that originates from the Earth´s mantle.

(3) Earthquakes

Are sudden movements of the Earth´s crust caused by the plates moving against one another

(4) Geology

Is the study of the origin, structure, and composition of rocks

(5) Mineral

Is a naturally occurring inorganic substance which has a particular chemical composition and usually a crystalline structure

(6) Plate tectonics

Is the theory that the crust of the Earth is made of rock plates

(7) Tectonic plates (8) Plate boundaries

Are huge sections of the Earth´s crust which move across the underlying mantle Are areas of volcanic and earthquake activity where tectonic plates meet

(9) Convergent plates

Occur where plates move towards one another

(10)

Is the dipping of one plate below another at a destructive plate boundary

Subduction

2. Fill in the missing word: (1) Moho is the boundary between the Earth´s crust and the mantle. (2) Convection currents inside the mantle cause the plates of the Earth´s crust to move. (3) Magma is extruded as lava on the Earth´s surface as a result of volcanic activity (4) Continental drift is the slow movement of the continents across the surface of the Earth (5) Its existence was first seriously suggested by Alfred Wegener, a German scientist. (6) Pangaea was a huge supercontinent which existed for over two hundred million year (7) There are six major plates together with a number of smaller ones (8) Constructive plate boundaries occur where plates move apart from each other (9) Destructive plate boundaries occur where plates move towards one another (10)

Conservative plate boundaries occur where plates slide past one another.

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Unidad 1: Tectónica global

3. Choose the correct answer: (1) Earth´s crust a. Forms the bottom of the oceans and seas b. Is the outer `skin´ of the Earth c. Rests above oceanic crust (2) Continental crust a. Forms the bottom of the oceans and seas b. Is the outer `skin´ of the Earth c. Rests above oceanic crust (3) Oceanic crust a. Forms the bottom of the oceans and seas b. Is the outer `skin´ of the Earth c. Rests above oceanic crust (4) Plate tectonics a. Are areas of volcanic and earthquake activity where tectonic plates meet b. Are huge sections of the Earth´s crust which move across the underlying mantle c. Is the theory that the crust of the Earth is made of rock plates (5) Tectonic plates a. Are areas of volcanic and earthquake activity where tectonic plates meet b. Are huge sections of the Earth´s crust which move across the underlying mantle c. Is the theory that the crust of the Earth is made of rock plates (6) Plate boundaries a. Are areas of volcanic and earthquake activity where tectonic plates meet b. Are huge sections of the Earth´s crust which move across the underlying mantle c. Is the theory that the crust of the Earth is made of rock plates (7) Constructive plate boundaries: a. Occur where plates move apart from each other b. Occur where plates move towards one another c. Occur where plates slide past one another. (8) Destructive plate boundaries: a. Occur where plates slide past one another. b. Occur where plates move towards one another c. Occur where plates move apart from each other (9) Conservative plate boundaries: a. Occur where plates slide past one another. b. Occur where plates move towards one another c. Occur where plates move apart from each other 4. True or False: (1) Conservative plate boundaries occur where plates slide past one another.

T

(2) Constructive plate boundaries occur where plates move towards one another

F

(3) Continental drift is the slow movement of the continents across the surface of the Earth

T

(4) Convection currents inside the mantle cause the plates of the Earth´s crust to move.

T

(5) Destructive plate boundaries occur where plates move apart from each other

F

(6) Gondwanaland was a huge supercontinent which existed for over two hundred million year

F

(7) Its existence was first seriously suggested by Alfred Wegener, a British scientist.

F

(8) Magma is extruded as lava on the Earth´s surface as a result of volcanic activity

T

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

(9) Moho is the boundary between the Earth´s mantle and the core

F

(10)

F

There are nine major plates together with a number of smaller ones

5. Complete the following mind map:

Earth Plate tectonics

Structure

Crust

Mantle

Core

Continental drift Convencction currents

Tectonic plates

Six major

Plate boundaries

constructive

destructive

conservative

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Unidad 1: Tectónica global

Use the RESUME OF CONTENT from the science book and answer the following activities: A. Define the following concepts: (1) Earth´s structure

Is formed by three layers: crust, the mantle and the core

(2) Rocks

Are the basic components of the Earth´s crust

(3) Minerals composition

The composition of minerals is always the same wherever they are on the Earth

(4) Landscape agents

Erosion, transport and sedimentation

(5) Lithosphere

Is formed by the crust and the upper mantle which in contact with the crust

(6) Magma

Is the melted material that comes from the interior of the Earth

(7) Plutonic igneous rock

Masses of magma solidify and form enormous blocks of rock

(8) Basalt

Is an example of a volcanic rock

(9) Internal processes

Caused by the internal energy of the planet

(10)

Are generally due to solar energy and gravity

External processes

B. Fill in the missing word: (1) The crust and the upper layer of the mantle which is in contact with the crust form the lithosphere (2) Rocks are formed by a single mineral or various minerals (3) The composition of rocks is variable, within certain limits (4) The action of rivers, the sea, the wind and other agents changes the landscape (5) The processes of the geological action are erosion, transport, and sedimentation. (6) The lithosphere has a thickness of between 70 and 150 km (7) Igneous rocks are formed from magma. (8) An example of a plutonic rock is granite (9) When the magma solidifies volcanic igneous rocks are formed (10)

Internal processes caused by the internal energy of the planet

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

C. Choose the correct answer: (1) Rocks: a. Is the melted material that comes from the interior of the Earth b. Is formed by the crust and the upper mantle which in contact with the crust c. Are the basic components of the Earth´s crust (2) Lithosphere: a. Is the melted material that comes from the interior of the Earth b. Is formed by the crust and the upper mantle which in contact with the crust c. Are the basic components of the Earth´s crust (3) Magma: a. Is the melted material that comes from the interior of the Earth b. Is formed by the crust and the upper mantle which in contact with the crust c. Are the basic components of the Earth´s crust (4) Landscape agents: a. Caused by the internal energy of the planet b. Erosion, transport and sedimentation c. Masses of magma solidify and form enormous blocks of rock (5) Plutonic igneous rock: a. Caused by the internal energy of the planet b. Erosion, transport and sedimentation c. Masses of magma solidify and form enormous blocks of rock (6) Internal processes: a. Caused by the internal energy of the planet b. Erosion, transport and sedimentation c. Masses of magma solidify and form enormous blocks of rock (7) Anomalous dilatation of water a. Becomes solid and is deposited b. Its volume increase c. Movements of great masses of the lithosphere (8) Precipitate: a. Becomes solid and is deposited b. Its volume increase c. Movements of great masses of the lithosphere (9) Forces and energy a. Becomes solid and is deposited b. Its volume increase c. Movements of great masses of the lithosphere D. True or False: (1) An example of a plutonic rock is basalt

T

(2) External processes caused by the internal energy of the planet

F

(3) Igneous rocks are formed from magma.

T

(4) Mineral are formed by a single rock or various rocks

F

(5) The action of rivers, the sea, the wind and other agents changes the lithosphere

T

(6) The composition of rocks is variable, within certain limits

T

(7) The crust and the upper layer of the mantle which is in contact with the crust form the core

F

(8) The lithosphere has a thickness of between 7 and 15 km

F

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(9) The processes of the geological action are erosion, transport, and sedimentation.

T

(10)

T

When the magma solidifies volcanic igneous rocks are formed

E. Complete the following mind map:

Geology Earth´s structure Crust

Lithosphere

Mantle

Geological action

Petrology

Core

Magma

Rocks

External

Internal

Minerals

F. Answer the following questions: (1) What is lithosphere?

(3) Which agents change the landscape?

The crust and the upper layer of the mantle which is in contact with the crust form the lithosphere They are formed by a single mineral or various minerals The action of rivers, the sea, the wind and other

(4) Which processes change the landscape?

Erosion, transport, and sedimentation

(5) What is magma? (6) Where are plutonic igneous rock formed?

Is the melted material that comes from the interior of the Earth They are formed at great depths

(7) Give an example of a plutonic rock

Granite

(8) Give an example of a volcanic rock

Basalt

(9) Which factors cause external processes?

Solar energy and gravity

(10)

Internal energy of the planet

(2) How are formed rocks?

Which factors cause internal processes?

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3 PROBLEM

A

B

C

NAME…

D

E

MARK[10%]: GROUP:

DATE…/…/…

Use the EXTENSION OF CONTENT from the science book and answer the following activities: A. Define the following concepts: (1) P waves

(5) Paleontology

The fast primary waves oscillate in the direction of the dispersal corridor and can disperse through solid, liquid, and gaseous material The slower secondary waves oscillate perpendicular to the P waves. They can only travel within a solid elastic mass Are points of volcanic activity located in the center of the Pacific Ocean Energy generated from restructuring of the Earth´s layers travels in the form of seismic waves The study of fossils

(6) Taphonomy

The study of decay and fossilization processes of organisms

(7) Stratigraphy

Is one of the oldest and most important geological dating methods

(2) S waves (3) Hot spots (4) Seismic waves

B. Fill in the missing word: (1) In its early phase, the Earth was a place of extremes, with fire-spewing volcanoes and a toxic atmosphere (2) Seismic measurements helped to start unraveling the mystery of the interior of the Earth (3) The Earth´s crust is the thin and rigid outer shell of the Earth (4) Today the model of plate tectonics explains the movement of the Earth´s crust (5) For new ocean crust to continue to form, older parts of the crust must first be destroyed (6) The constant motion within the layers of the Earth affects the surface, sometimes in the form of sudden events such as earthquakes. (7) It may not possible to predict earthquakes (8) Volcanoes have existed ever since Earth´s beginning 4.5 billion years ago(9) Ash and pyroclastic material may tower 12.5 mile (20 km) into the sky, while molten lava pours down the mountainside (10)

Pangaea, Laurasia and Gondwana: these names are taken for Earth´s history.

(11)

Only a tiny fraction of all plants and animals that used to inhabit Earth were preserved as fossils.

(12)

Fossils are the legacies of former life

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL (13)

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

A time scale of past geological events can be produced from the sequence of rock deposits.

C. Choose the correct answer: (1) Origins: a. The Earth is constantly shifting below our feet b. The hypotheses about the origins of the solar system c. They are the results of hidden geological forces within the Earth (2) Plate tectonics: a. The Earth is constantly shifting below our feet b. The hypotheses about the origins of the solar system c. They are the results of hidden geological forces within the Earth (3) Earthquakes: a. The Earth is constantly shifting below our feet b. The hypotheses about the origins of the solar system c. They are the results of hidden geological forces within the Earth (4) Volcanoes: a. On Earth, organic material decomposes and is returned to its. b. Scientists´ claim that the creation and decay of rock material was a lengthy process c. The active life of the inner Earth is brought to the surface (5) Petrifactions: a. On Earth, organic material decomposes and is returned to its. b. Scientists´ claim that the creation and decay of rock material was a lengthy process c. The active life of the inner Earth is brought to the surface (6) Geological eras: a. On Earth, organic material decomposes and is returned to its. b. Scientists´ claim that the creation and decay of rock material was a lengthy process c. The active life of the inner Earth is brought to the surface D. True or False: (1) A time scale of past geological events can be produced from the sequence of rock deposits.

T

(2) Ash and pyroclastic material may tower 12.5 mile (20 km) into the sky, while molten lava pours down the mountainside

T

(3) For new ocean crust to continue to form, older parts of the mantle must first be destroyed

F

(4) In its early phase, the Earth was a place of extremes, with fire-spewing volcanoes and an oxygenic atmosphere

F

(5) It may possible to predict earthquakes

F

(6) Minerals are the legacies of former life

F

(7) Only a tiny fraction of all plants and animals that used to inhabit Earth were preserved as fossils.

T

(8) Pangaea, Laurasia and Gondwana: these names are taken for Earth´s history.

T

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

(9) Seismic measurements helped to start unraveling the mystery of the interior of the Earth

T

(10) The constant motion within the layers of the Earth affects the surface, sometimes in the form of sudden events such as earthquakes.

T

(11)

The Earth´s mantle is the thin and rigid outer shell of the Earth

F

(12)

Today the model of plate tectonics explains the movement of the Earth´s core

F

(13)

Volcanoes have existed ever since Earth´s beginning 4.5 million years ago

F

E. Complete the following diagram:

F. Complete the following diagram:

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

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ESO 4ยบ BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

G. Complete the following diagram:

H. Translate into Spanish the following text:

I. Translate into Spanish the following text:

J. Using IN FOCUS resolve the problem: Who discovered radioactivity?

Henri Becquerel discovered radioactivity in 1986

What particle is used to calculate the age of the rocks? Isotopes present in rocks

Hugo Manuel Fernรกndez Ruiz

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ESO 4ยบ BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

K. Using IN FOCUS resolve the problem: What is the speed of P waves? 4-9 miles (6-14 km) per second

Which waves can be only transmitted through solids? S waves

L. Using IN FOCUS resolve the problem: When the Mount Vesuvius erupted over Pompeii? In 79 B.C.

How many people were affected?

71,000 people were affected

M. Using IN FOCUS resolve the problem: Which is the name of the global ocean?

Panthalassa

Which ocean evolved after the breakup of Pangaea? The Pacific Ocean

Hugo Manuel Fernรกndez Ruiz

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

G. Answer the following questions: (1) When was the Earth created?

The Earth was created about 4.6 with years ago

(2) Which are the chemically parts of the Earth?

The crust, mantle, and core

(3) How thick is the crust?

About 22 miles (35 km) thick.

(4) How thick is the lithosphere?

It is approximately 62 mile (100km)

(5) What is subduction?

(7) When were categorized the earthquakes?

When lithospheric plates meet each other, one plate can slide below the other When lithospheric plates under the surface of the Earth reform, subduct, or slide In the early 20th century

(8) Which products are ejected in eruptions?

Gases, liquids, and solids.

(9) Where are located most of volcanoes?

They are located on the active borders of continental plates. Is the result of geologically recent tectonic changes An organism´s body needs to be quickly covered by sediment Was one of the first scientists to define the fundamental laws of stratigraphy

(6) When an earthquake can occur?

(10) Which is the reason of the location of each continent today? (11) Which is the process of fossilization? (12)

Who was Nicolaus Steno?

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

NAME… 5 PRACTICE 6 PROJECT 7 TASK 8 TEST OF PRACTICE

GROUP:

A A A A

B B B B

C C C C

D D D D

E E E E

DATE…/…/…

MARK[10%]: MARK [10%]: MARK [5%]: MARK [25%]:

WORKBOOK OF PRACTICE Nº 1 INDEX 5 PRACTICE .......................................................................................................................................................................... 48 6 PROJECT ............................................................................................................................................................................ 53 7 TASK .................................................................................................................................................................................... 58

CALENDARIO DE ACTIVIDADES Y EVALUACIÓN UNIDAD Nº 1 INSTRUMENTO EVALUACIÓN CUADERNO DE CONTENIDOS

ACTIVIDADES

FECHA

INICIAL

1-3 octubre

AULA

4-10 octubre

PROBLEMA

11-18 octubre

EXAMEN DE CONTENIDOS CUADERNO DE PRÁCTICAS EXAMEN DE PRÁCTICAS

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

22 octubre PRÁCTICA

24 octubre

PROYECTO

26-31 octubre

TAREA

5 noviembre 5 noviembre

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

5 PRACTICE

A

NAME…

B

C

D

E

MARK[10%]: GROUP:

DATE…/…/…

Use the EXPERIMENT from the science book and answer the following activities: 6. Define the following concepts: (11)

Divergent boundaries

The plates are moving away from each other

(12)

Convergent boundaries

The plates are moving towards each other

(13)

Subduction

Occurs when one lithospheric plate goes under another

(14)

Obduction

Consists of the approximation of two continental plates following a subduction process

(15)

Transform boundaries

There is a lateral displacement between the plates

7. Fill in the missing word: (11)

The boundaries is where most of the internal processes of the Earth take place

(12)

The movement between the plates has a speed of between 1 and 12 cm per year

(13) Are also known as constructive boundaries because the rising of melted rocky builds new oceanic crust (14) Are also known as destructive boundaries because the cause collisions which transform the lithosphere (15) The friction between the plates is the origin of some earthquakes and the appearance of volcanic activity

8. Choose the correct answer: (10) Convergent boundaries: a. There is a lateral displacement between the plates b. The plates are moving towards each other c. The plates are moving away from each other (11) Divergent boundaries: a. There is a lateral displacement between the plates b. The plates are moving towards each other c. The plates are moving away from each other (12) Obduction: a. Consists of the approximation of two continental plates following a subduction process b. Occurs when one lithospheric plate goes under another c. There is a lateral displacement between the plates (13) Subduction: a. Consists of the approximation of two continental plates following a subduction process b. Occurs when one lithospheric plate goes under another Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

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ESO 4ยบ BYG CLIL (14)

Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

c. There is a lateral displacement between the plates Transform boundaries: a. There is a lateral displacement between the plates b. The plates are moving towards each other c. The plates are moving away from each other

9. True or False: (1) Are also known as constructive boundaries because the cause collisions which transform the lithosphere

F

(2) Are also known as destructive boundaries because the rising of melted rocky builds new oceanic crust

F

(3) The boundaries is where most of the external processes of the Earth take place

F

(4) The friction between the plates is the origin of some earthquakes and the appearance of volcanic activity

T

(5) The movement between the plates has a speed of between 1 and 12 cm per year

T

10. Answer the following questions: (1) What are constructive boundaries?

The plates are moving away from each other

(2) What are destructive boundaries?

The plates are moving towards each other

(3) What are transform boundaries?

There is a lateral displacement between the plates

(4) What is obduction? (5) What is subduction?

Hugo Manuel Fernรกndez Ruiz

Consists of the approximation of two continental plates following a subduction process Occurs when one lithospheric plate goes under another

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Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

Use the EXPERIMENT from the science book and make the following lab report: (1) Introduction: The introduction of a lab report states the purpose of your experiment. Your hypothesis should be included in the introduction, as well as a brief statement about how you intend to test your hypothesis.

(2) Methods and Materials: This section of your lab report involves producing a written description of the materials used and the methods involved in performing your experiment. You should not just record a list of materials, but indicate when and how they were used during the process of completing your experiment.

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Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

(3) Results: The results section should include all tabulated data from observations during your experiment. This includes charts, tables, graphs, and any other illustrations of data you have collected. You should also include a written summary of the information in your charts, tables, and/or other illustrations.

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Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

(4) Discussion and Conclusion: This section is where you summarize what happened in your experiment. You will want to fully discuss and interpret the information. What did you learn? What were your results? Was your hypothesis correct, why or why not? Were there any errors?

(5) Citation: All references used should be included at the end of your lab report. That includes any books, articles, lab manuals, etc. that you used when writing your report.

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

6 PROJECT

A

B

C

D

E

NAME…

MARK[10%]: GROUP:

DATE…/…/…

Use the PROJECT INFORMATION from the science book and answer the following activities: A. Define the following concepts: (1) Tectónica de placas (2) Subducción

Es una teoría que explica la formación de montañas litorales e intracontinentales Deslizamiento del borde de una placa de la corteza terrestre por debajo del borde de otra

(3) Cordillera

Serie de montañas enlazadas entre sí.

(4) Orogenia

La deformación y plegamiento de los sedimentos de una cuenca

(5) Isostasia

Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes

B. Fill in the missing word: (1) Es un hecho bien conocido que el origen de una montaña comienza con la deposición de sedimentos en una cuenca (2) Los sedimentos se pliegan y deforman dando lugar a una cordillera u orogenia (3) Las deformaciones de los sedimentos se producen por el acercamiento y colisión de las placas litosféricas a lo largo del litoral (4) La historia de un cinturón de montañas no termina con la deformación y actividad ígnea (5) La erosión y el ajuste isostático se combinan para modificar las cordilleras

C. Choose the correct answer: (1) Cordillera: a. Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes b. La deformación y plegamiento de los sedimentos de una cuenca c. Serie de montañas enlazadas entre sí. (2) Isostasia: a. Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes b. La deformación y plegamiento de los sedimentos de una cuenca c. Serie de montañas enlazadas entre sí. (3) Orogenia: a. Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes b. La deformación y plegamiento de los sedimentos de una cuenca c. Serie de montañas enlazadas entre sí. Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

(4) Subducción: a. Deslizamiento del borde de una placa de la corteza terrestre por debajo del borde de otra b. Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes c. Es una teoría que explica la formación de montañas litorales e intracontinentales (5) Tectónica de placas: a. Deslizamiento del borde de una placa de la corteza terrestre por debajo del borde de otra b. Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes c. Es una teoría que explica la formación de montañas litorales e intracontinentales D. True or False: (1) Es un hecho bien conocido que el origen de una montaña comienza con la deposición de sedimentos en una cuenca

V

(2) La erosión y el ajuste isostático se combinan para modificar las cordilleras

V

(3) La historia de un cinturón de montañas termina con la deformación y actividad ígnea

F

(4) Las deformaciones de los sedimentos se producen por el alejamiento y colisión de las placas litosféricas a lo largo del litoral

F

(5) Los sedimentos se pliegan y deforman dando lugar a una subducción

F

E. Answer the following questions: (1) ¿Cuál es el objetivo del proyecto? (2) ¿Qué materiales se están utilizando en el proyecto?

(3) ¿Qué proceso es el que se quiere mostrar con el modelo del proyecto? (4) ¿Qué es la subducción? (5) ¿Qué es la isostasia?

Hugo Manuel Fernández Ruiz

Demostrar las consecuencias del movimiento de las placas  Una tira de cartulina  Dos tacos de madera  Cinta adhesiva  Clips  Chapa de madera con una ranura  Dos servilletas de papel de distinto color La subducción Deslizamiento del borde de una placa de la corteza terrestre por debajo del borde de otra Es la condición de equilibrio que presenta la superficie terrestre debido a la diferencia de densidad de sus partes

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ESO 4ยบ BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

Use the PROJECT INFORMATION from the science book and make the following project report: (1) Introduction: The introduction of a project report states the purpose of your experiment. Your hypothesis should be included in the introduction, as well as a brief statement about how you intend to test your hypothesis.

(2) Methods and Materials: This section of your project report involves producing a written description of the materials used and the methods involved in performing your experiment. You should not just record a list of materials, but indicate when and how they were used during the process of completing your experiment.

Hugo Manuel Fernรกndez Ruiz

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Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

(3) Results: The results section should include all tabulated data from observations during your experiment. This includes charts, tables, graphs, and any other illustrations of data you have collected. You should also include a written summary of the information in your charts, tables, and/or other illustrations.

Hugo Manuel Fernรกndez Ruiz

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Unidad 1: Tectรณnica global

(4) Discussion and Conclusion: This section is where you summarize what happened in your experiment. You will want to fully discuss and interpret the information. What did you learn? What were your results? Was your hypothesis correct, why or why not? Were there any errors?

(5) Citation: All references used should be included at the end of your project report. That includes any books, articles, lab manuals, etc. that you used when writing your report.

Hugo Manuel Fernรกndez Ruiz

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL

Unidad 1: Tectónica global

7 TASK

A

B

C

D

E

NAME…

MARK[5%]: GROUP:

DATE…/…/…

Use the PRESS ARTICLE from the science book and answer the following activities: A. (1) (2) (3) (4) (5) (6)

Fill in the missing word: The 6.4 and 6.3 quakes struck near Tabriz and Ahar in East Azerbaijan More than 100 villages suffered damage Hundreds of people were rescued overnight The quake has created huge panic among the people. The road between the two towns was jammed with people trying to find medical help Many of the victims were women, who had been inside homes preparing evening meals to break the Ramadan fast. (7) Sixty-six rescue teams have been sent to the region (8) The first quake struck 23km (14 miles) south-west of Ahar (9) The second earthquake struck just 11 minutes after the first (10) In 2003 an earthquake in the city of Bam left more than 25,000 people dead B. True or False: (1) In 2008 an earthquake in the city of Bam left more than 25,000 people dead

F

(2) Many of the victims were men, who had been inside homes preparing evening meals to break the Ramadan fast.

F

(3) Millions of people were rescued overnight

F

(4) More than 10.000 villages suffered damage

F

(5) Sixty-six rescue teams have been sent to the region

T

(6) The 6.4 and 6.3 quakes struck near Tabriz and Ahar in East Azerbaijan

T

(7) The quake has created huge panic among the people.

T

(8) The road between the two towns was jammed with people trying to find economical help

F

(9) The second earthquake struck just 11 minutes after the first

T

(10)

F

The second quake struck 23km (14 miles) south-west of Ahar

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ESO 4º BYG CLIL Unidad 1 Tectónica global