Issuu on Google+

ga ut e Ok KAT

ZI

AM U K’ AMAN B A

**

**

DA N I L U K MU KUYA EBI N’ENGAGY

A

Seruruza, Oyege, Ocwemu! Ebikaguzo, ebigezeso n’obuzaano bwingi omunda!!


Akatabu kakaturukibwa Stichting Nature for Kids www.natureforkids.nl Omwaka 2013 Nibakoragana na U.N.I.T.E. for the Environment, The Kasiisi Project na Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Okwekebiija kandi omuhandiiki mukuru: Dagmar van Weeghel * Okutereekereza n’okuhunda: Albrecht Design * Ensoborra: Marlies van der Wel, Mieke Driessen Kuteera ebisisani: Andrew Bernard, * R onan Donovan, Richard * Bergl, Martha Robbins, Dagmar van Weeghel, Mark Edwards,

*

2

David R. Mills & Panthera, Cleve Hicks Okuhindura orulimi: Tinka John (Rutooro)


KWERAGANIZA kwemanzi mukulinda Ebikuya n’Engagya! mukulinda Oyeteekanize okufooka manzi Ajani owa Engagya n’Ebikuya nkanyowe: rungi! Fish & Greens? Ago makuru ma okwate ekyeraganizo Ijuzaamu ibara lyawe (hamoso) aka lyawe nibyo bikuru mumutwe. Ijuka: okwehayo n’ir kuya n’Engagya! Lengaho ebirukwetaagisibwa okulinda Ebi kwawe n’abandi! N’osobora kubaganaho OKWERAGANIZA ina rundi ekyevugo kukozesa ebigambo kwihamu ekiz abandi amaani okukikozesa nokihanika mukilaasi n’otekamu u. hamikoro omukyaro ky ‘owany emeza! Kakuba tukorra Ekyorukukora kyoona nikins ho kikooto. hamu, nitusobora kuhindura

Nambere orukwikara hoona, kikuru kukura oli mwebembezi mukulinda ebyobuhangwa. Omuhanda omukuru kulinda ebyobuhangwa nugwo iwe kukura nogonza Nyinaitwe - Ensi! Enu entegeka nehikiriza eky’okulinda Ebikuya n’Engagya obu n’esomesa okuraba mukusemeza n’okwoleka sineema, n’eyongeraho ebyokusoma n’obuzaano. Nitwija kukwoleka ebyokulinda Ebikuya n’Engagya n’Ebindi – abaihwa baitu abomukibira boona kandi tukwoleke nkokworakikora! Obuzaano obuli omukatabu kanu nibwija kukuha emiringo erukusemeza n’okuyamba kulinda Ensi yaitu kwikara nungi habwaitu nabaihwa baitu - Ebikuya n’Engagya.

Seruruza, Omanye, Oyege kandi Mucwemu inywenka. Mwegonze

3


ORUGANIKYO bya Sonya Kahlenberg na Elizabeth Ross

Onu nuwe

Special

Special nikyo ekikuya ekito kandi kikazi mu paaka ya Kibale, mu Uganda. Kiine emyaka 11 obu nikikyaikara n’aboruganda rwakyo nambere kyazairwe, baitu kikatunga ebizibu bikooto by’emirundi ebiri. Nyinakyo, Nile akafa kiine emyaka 6 yonka. Nkaitwe abantu, ebikuya nibyetaaga ba maama babyo okumara emyaka nyingi. Maama wabyo obw’afa bikyali bito, nabyo bikira kufa. Obundi haroho owanyinabyo (kikazi rundi kisaija), obwakirolerra baitu Special onu akerolerra wenka. Enfuuzi enu yali ine kweserurra ebyokulya; kweyombekera ekiju, n’okwerinda abanyanzigwa. Kyali kiro kimu n’alibata omukibira nubwo ekizibu ekindi kyamugweriire – omukono gwe gwakwatwa omutego gw’ewaya!

Special naikara mu paaka, omwanya ogusemeriire kuba gw’ebisoro byonka, nambere abantu batasemeriire kubiita rundi kubihutaaza, nambere buli omu asemeriire kwija kubirorra n’okubisomaho, nuho nambere birinzirwe. Eky’omugisa omubi, abantu bamu bagonza kulya enyama z’ekisaka. N’obukiraaba nikitangwa kandi obw’orukugyaayo nibasobora kukukwata okasibwa; abantu beyiiba bagendayo. Banu tubeeta abahiigi. Abahiigi ba paaka ya kibale batega empunu, embogo, engabi, ensuku. Bakozesa emitego okozerwe ewaya ezigumire rundi ebyooma ebikozerwe mu butale ebya’maino (ebikwata Engo); babitega omumihanda y’ebisoro binu.baitu ebisoro ebindi nabyo bikozesa emihanda niyo emu – embwa, ebikuya n’obundi abantu Ebikuya ebikuru nibimanya okwerinda emitego enu baitu Special akyali muto kandi nfuuzi taine owokumwebembera kwehugura emitego enu. Nahabw’ekyo ekiro kinu

4

yaguteekamu omukono. Atagurole habwokuba gwali guswekerwe ebikoora by’emiti, baitu obugwamazire kumukwata, aho n’aho yayekanga yatandika kusika n’amaani. Ebikuya biine amaani, amaani maingi okukira empunu, engabi, ensuku, itwe abantu; nahabwekyo omukiikaro ky’okukwatwa, yakuurayo omutego omwitaka yagenda nagwo. Akasoberwa ekyali kimubaireho, baitu yahurraga ewaya ha mukono gwe n’emusaasa kandi yaikara nalengaho okugiihaho. Nkoku yayeyongeraga okusika, n’ewaya eyeyongera kusara omukono. Yasika n’amaani kyaletereza ewaya kuhika hamagufa. Special hati yabona-bonera kimu. Aratemba ata emiti okweserurra ebyokulya ataine mukono? Enjara temwite? Ekihooya kiramwita? Omukono guracwekeraho kimu? Binu byoona bibaho ebikuya ebikwatwa omumitego. Max ekimu ha bikuya mu ruganda rwa Special akacwekaho amaguru abiri habw’ewaya, nahabweki ebintu bitabe birungi.


MAZIMA KWO

Ensahu ezirukuhingura 10,000,000 ez’enyama y’ekisaka nizitundwa mumahanga g’aheeru kuruga mu Afrika buli mwaka. Bya: Wildlife Conservation Society

Baitu Special yatunga omugisa kandi. Abakugu mu bya sayansi baamurora kandi bayeta abasahu b’ebisoro kuruga mu UWA. Baija bamurasa n’omubazi gw’okumugwijagiza, baihamu ewaya kandi bajanjaba ekihuta bamubaziira n’ehuuzo. Gunu omulimo gugumire kugukora ha bikuya kandi abasahu baine okwegendereza n’okukozesa obukugu bw’amaani. Obumu ebikuya birengaho kutemba emiti bitakagwijagiire bihikayo bigwa – bifa. Obundi ebikuya ebindi biremesa abasahu kuhikaho ekibamazire kugwijagiza. Nahabwekyo ebikuya tibakira kubijanjaba omulingo gunu kandi bimaliirra bicwekere emikono rundi amaguru n’okufa bifa. Nahanyima y’okukijanjaba, enkojo esobora kuba y’amaani omukono/ okuguru nibirema kugaruka kukora kurungi. Eky’omugisa gwa Special akakira hanyima y’omwezi gumu kandi yatandika okutemba emiti n’okuzaana n’abagenzi be; omukono gwagarukira kimu buhyaka. Baitu habwokuba ebikuya n’engagya ebindi tibiine omugisa nka gunu, haroho abantu abandi abarukukora eky’omugaso kubitangira kuhutaazibwa abahiigi. Nibeetwa “Snare Removal Team” (abarukutegurra ewaya); baserra ewaya omukibira bazitegurra. Barungi muno hakuserra ewaya n’obuzokuba ziserekerwe muno kandi obundi bakwata n’abahiigi.

E?

IR OKIMANY

Kutega mu paaka nikicwa amateeka, ky’obuzibu ha bantu embwa n’ebindi hamu n’ebisoro by’omukisaka. Obubatega emitego, tibahutaaza ekyo kyonka ekibagenderiire, baitu ebisoro bindi nk’ebikuya n’engagya. Ebisoro ebindi bisemeriire kulya ensuku baitu iwe kandi wabifereza tibyatunga ky’okulya. Emiti n’ebimera ebindi nabyo nibyetaaga ebikuya, engagya, engabi n’ebindi okurarangya (okubyaara) embibo z’eminti. Ebisoro obubirukuhwaho, emiti nayo n’ehwaho obu negyo eyerukugasira abantu nk’emibazi nayo n’egenderamu hanyima ekibira kyoona! Special kikuya ky’embaganiza. Nkaiwe omuntu, haroho obukirukwehurra kubi kandi haroho obukirukusemererwa, baitu kukwatwa omumitego tikyakubairemu.

Okimanyire ngu kuhiiga okwingi okw’ekisaka nikucwa amateeka!? Kuhiiga omukisaka tikurukusobora okuhangaara kakuba:

*

Okukozesa  emiringo etahikire, ewaya,

*

O  kuhiiga ebisoro ebirinzirwe, ebiri

* *

Abantu baingi okuhiiga mukibira

emundu mukuhwerekerra (ebikuya n’engagya) O  kihiiga enyama z’okutunda mu ma tauni rundi aheeru y’Ihanga

5


OKUTEGA EWAYA - bumu ha buzibu

obukooto oburoleriire ebikuya n’engagya Bategesa ewaya, emiguha rundi nailoni obundi ebihurro by’ekibira okwita ebisoro kubirya. Okutega mu paaka nikicwa ebiragiro. Ebikuya n’engagya bisobora kukwatwa obubirukuba nibyeserurra ebyokulya. Nobubiraaba biine amagezi, tibisobora kweyiha ha mitego, emirundi enyingi ebisara bisaasa muno, birwara kandi bifooka bya kateyamba. Ebyo ebikwasirwe bimaliirra biri birema rundi bicwekiireho kimu emikono rundi amaguru. Emirundi erukukira obwingi – bifa.

‘Bushmeat’ KIKI?

Ekibira rundi ekisaka bakyeta ‘bush’ kandi ‘meat’ niyo enyama nahabwekyo ‘bushmeat’ nikyo enyama y’ekisaka Omu byaro ebingi, okuhiiga ky’obuzaarwa, kikozirwe kumara emyaka nyingi. Bahiiga ebisoro bingi; engabi, ensuku, goonya, empunu, emisu, wakonga, entajumba n’ebindi. Baitu biro bya hati ABANTU BAINGI MUNO abarukuhiiga omukibira. Kandi tibarukuhiiga kulya kwonka baitu nibenda n’okutundamu sente. Okuhiiga kuhinguraine kandi paaka

6

ezimu zisigaire kwonka. Hasigaire miti kwonka. Ebisoro ebingi nk’ebikuya, engagya, enjojo biri haihi kuhweraho kimu habw’okuhiiga. Emirundi endi ebisoro bihwerekeriire omukisaka habw’obwetaago bw’enyama obw’abantu boomu ma tauni (obusuubuzi). Enyama z’ekisaka zihweriire omu maka g’abantu n’omunda zaabo kandi obu haroho emiringo endi eyokutungamu enyama. Omu tauni abantu basobora kutunga enyama ez’ebisoro by’omumaka: embuzi, ente, enkooko, empunu. Obusuubuzi bw’enyama z’ekisaka tiburukusobora kugumaho. Ebisaka tibirumu ebisoro ebirukumara abantu boona. Okuhiiga muno obundi kwongerezibwa kusara embaaho n’okuserra eby’obugaiga bw’omwitaka. Binu biretaho enguudo ezisobozesa abahiigi kutaaha omunda (hara)omukibira.

Kasarre Kaaki? Okuhiiga enyama z’ekisaka habw’ebyobusuubuzi kifookere kizibu muno ha bw’omeezi bw’ebisoro mu Afrika; ebisoro ebimu bikahweraho kimu munsi

habw’okuhiiga okuhinguraine! Kandi n’ebisoro ebindi nabyo nibiija kuhwaaho. Kinu kizibu. Ebisoro bihwerekeriire omu bibira bingi mu Afrika. Nahabwekyo, ebimera n’emiti nabyo biri mukuhwerekerra: buli kimu nikiyamba kigenzi kyakyo. Okwiha ebisoro omukisaka nikikeehya eby’obuhangwa ebindi kandi nikireeta obuzibu omukicweka ekyo. Okiheyo obwire butaito ebisoro ebingi kuhwaaho kandi obu ebibira nibyo birakurataho kuhwerekerra. Ebibira kuhwaho buli enjura nayo yatandiika kubura, itaka lyatwarwa omuyaga n’enjura kandi emigaso endi ey’ebibira nk’emibazi nayo etakyaroho.


Nikisemeza okuba omukibira. Ebisoro ebingi nibisekesa kandi bisiiba nibizaana. Rora binu; nibisisana ebirukuzaana katemba!

E B A k o E OSEK It’s great fun in the Forest. Many animals are very funny and joke around all day. Look at these ones; they are real clowns!

kinu kandi bo omukisisanibanywani baawe am ig eb u am uz Ij kilaasi. Gamba okihanike omu . Nooha ahandiikire nabo bakikole kukirayo??? ebirukusekesa

! A N I Z A M A A CEKEC ra buli kiro obu niziserra engagya zirubata omukibi za ekiro kimu! omukiikaro kimu kuhingu

ebyokulya. Tizibyama

ikoosi ya obu oyebembiire ek u nka nyin’eka wengag u zin , 30 – 5 ya ag ng  osobora kutamburam >N y’e ti Ekikoosi kirumu haga eka kurungi. okuserra eby’okulya? i kandi amanyire ekicw aan am e ain ow ka n’e ndi noteera ka ka n’e nyi z’ebemberwa nyi gya ebikonde nk’enga ire ng ozi ta ba uru ok > Osobora u oine amaani? ha kifuba kwoleka nkok

Engagya ensaija obu zihikya emyaka 12, zitandika okumera enju ha mugongo aho. Enu eba etandikire okwetwa nsaija nyin’eka.

Nosobora kwefooramu…

…Nyin’eka w’Engagya? wefoole oli Ngagya nsaija eyemezere enju ha mugongo, wemerre nk’engagya (ha maguru n’emikono)

7


2.

Kyali kiro ky’akatale Nantale yantomera

1.

Tindi murungi ha kutega!

3.

9.

Nalengaho kuzirorra omuzigati

10. Nacwamu kugenda omukibira

11. Nkamanya kinu tikirukwikirizibwa

17.

Haroho ekintu ha mukono gwayo

18. Nkaba nyine kugambira Tinka

19.

Akangambira abantu batega omukibira

25.

Tinka akampambya

26.

Nairuka nakwatwa ekintu

27.

Omu mutego!

33.

Emitego gukamputaaza

34.

Hati leka nyesereke

35. Nagenda mu kyaro Mudpound

41.

Tinka yayenda kunkwata

42.

Nyine kubahikya hanju y’emikaro

49.

Byahwa kurungi

50.

Nafooka Renja omuto

43.

Nasereka ki

Mudpond Chifu n’apakira emikaro ha matoka

Tinka akangambira Engagya ezaire akaana 4.

12.

Natemba omuti narora engagya

20. Kandi akateekereza ninyowe

28.

Omuntu yaija

36.

Tinka nagamba na chifu wa Mudpound

44.

Ka-Nantale kamuserekaho ekisumuruzo!


5.

Kasemiire; ebiiso, ebisoke

6.

Tindukwikirizibwa okugenda mukibira

7.

Baitu ningonza kurora akaana k’engagya

8.

Nairuka nagaruka omuka

13.

Nizo zonyini!

14.

Nikihuniriza

15.

Baitu ogu ka musaayi!

16.

Engagya ehutaazibwe

21.

Emitego ehutaaza kandi ita ebisoro

22.

Tinyine musango

23.

Akagonza n’okunkwata kunsiba

24.

Nairukira omukibira

29.

Boojo otanyita!

30. Nantale onu nuwe arukutega

31.

Ego, akaba n’atega emisu

32.

Nantale, tema omutego!

37.

Nantale aine kugambira Tinka eby’emitego

38. Chifu aturagira okuhiiga...

39.

...emikaro agisereka omuka ye

40.

Nyine kwoleka Tinka

Chifu wa mudpound yakwatwa n’emikaro yoona

47.

Chifu bamuteguruza emitego yoona omukibira

45.Tinka akankwata, tinyine musango!

46.

MUKULINDA EBIKUYA

Abantu ba Mudpound babeegesa 48. okuliisa embuzi z’enyama


I Z A K U M O ’ G AMAANI omukibira a azigonza!

Enyamaisw

erinda, Emily a ukutiina n’okw ar u m n’enyamaisw o li u b unywanisize nambere m ya eb i ka az isa n’embab ozire mu paa akatunga ek kaire kandi ak ai li ta O ily m aho. E we mukazi ezarukusom ma kandi nu so ku o a ar ruga am mu Bikuya! za Uganda ku oka dakitaali fo ku o a ik fr mu A w’okubanza

ORUBAZO NA

Emily Otali Emily, kikakwijamu ddi okusoma ebya sayansi, nooha rwakutairemu amaani kandi okakitandika ota? Nk’egomba kufooka dakitaali w’ebisoro obunali nyine emyaka munaana, habw’okuba nagonzaaga kusunga obwana bwaitu bw’enjangu nibuzaana ekiro kyoona kandi obu nibukoragana n’ebisoro ebindi. Nateberezaaga ningambira taata obwire bw’ente, entaama, empunu zirukugenda kuzarramu. Nateberezaaga kurungi. Nobukiraaba, obundukurora enyuma, ntekereza ensigo z’okusoma ebya sayansi zikarugirra ha wanyina nyowe, Dennis rwabandize kunsobororraho eby’Irungu. Nasaraho kusoma amasomo ga sayansi omu Haaya (A Level) kandi Makerere bampa okusoma obusomesa nayanga, nakomamu Eby’obuhangwa. Bwire obu koosi enu Makerere yali y’okurwanira nahabw’ekyo banyangirra kusoma obwa Dakitaali Bw’ebisoro. Baitu tindukweyijukya. Obunayetegeriize enyetwaza y’ebihangwa, namanya okujanjaba ebisoro kikaba kitali kyange! Nkakora namaani natunga n’emigisa!

10

Tugambire iwe ow’ebya sayansi kandi nk’a maneja w’ekitongole kya Kibale Chimpanzee Project, ekiro kyawe kigenda kita? Ebiro byange tibirukusisana. Eky’okusiiba omukibira nzinduka 11.30. kwetekaniza. Nsimbura 12.30: kintwarra nk’esaaha emu kuhikaho ebikuya nambere biraire; baitu obundi nitwara edakiika nka 15 zonka. Obutuhika ha biju nambere biraire twikarra tubirinda kwimuka, aho ntandika kubyetegereza nimpandiika ekibirukukora kyoona. Kinu nkikora ekiro paka rwebagyo saaha 12.30 obu bigenda kubyama. Aho ntandika orugendo rwange kutaaha, nyoga ndya ekyekiro ngenda kubyama. Kinu kinsemeza kandi kinyanguhira muno. Nka maneja, ninyowe nteraniza abayamba ha bikuya na bakama baitu (directors). Obunsigara ha kampu, ntanga-tangana nabo okukoraho ebyetaago byaabo. Mbaza na bakama baitu kubamanyisa ekirukugenda mumaiso omukibira. Njwekera Kibale Chimpanzee Project ha nkurato rundi emikoro yoona omw’Ihanga. Hampero y’omwezi, nsasura abakozi boona emisaara kandi nteekaniza aripoota z’omwezi. Nkora emirimo ya ofiisi nyingi nk’okutaahya ebirugire omukibira (data). Nyambaho nabasomi ababa baizire okuteekaana kandi kurora ngu enyikara yabo nungi. Ebiro nk’ebyo bingwamu bugwi: ebindi biba birungi, ebindi, oleke – otagamba!


Omumaiso oku nororayo ki habw’abakazi ba Afrika na sayansi? Abakazi baingi mu Afrika abejumbiire ebya sayansi; kandi baingi muno abarukweyunga ha kulinda eby’obuhangwa. Emiryango ekingwire, busaho kusoroora. Abaisiki hoona nambere bali basemeriire kwegondeza mu bya sayansi kandi batagaruka enyima.

Norora harumu kusoroorWa ha bakozi abasaija bagenzi baawe? Nikikafuuhe! Nindora nitwingana. Tinkaroraga akasorora-ngaine na bagenzi bange abasaija. Obundi nyebwa ngu ninyowe mukazi wenka ali munkurato. Kandi nabwo nyowe nkakura kisaija ninyehurra ndi nk’omwojo.

Kiki Eki orukukira kwijuka ha kuraatira ebikuya mu Uganda Bingi muno! Baitu kankugambireho kamu:- okurora ekikuya omukibira omurundi gw’okubanza. Ebikuya binu biine amabara. Nkabanza kurora Ipassa – yali mwisiki muhara wa Lope. Abakoonyezi b’omukibira bali bangambiire ntabiroleerra omumaiso, baitu ntakyerinde. Nkaguma niinagayo eriiso emirundi nyingi omurundi gumu amaiso gange naga Ipassa gatanga-tangana! Haroho ekyanyiziremu…..nkasisana arozire amaiso g’omuntu ondi; nkaisana arukumurora omumwoyo gwe, ebirooto bye, ebitekerezo, obutiini! Obwire obu, emiti eyali etwetoroire, esaaha nakiroliiremu, engoye nali njwaire – nahati ninkyabiijuka!

Oli omu hali abo abarukurwanisa emitego omu Uganda; kiki okyorukukora kyonyini kandi nikikuyamba kita ha mulimo gwawe? Kuruga 1977 Kibale Chimpanzee Project n’ekora na UWA okukeehya akabi akarukurugirra ha mitego kugenda ha bikuya obu nitukora emihiigo ya buli kiro kwetoroora ekibira. Munu harumu ebigendererwa bbina: (1) okutegurra emitego n’okukwata abahiigi (2) okuseruruza emitego nambere eri n’obwingi bwayo hamu n’ebikorwa ebirukusiisa eby’obuhangwa ebindi nka okwokya amakara, okutema ekibira, kusara embaaho). (3) okuyamba kutendeka abatuju (renja) ba UWA. (4) okusomesa abataka kutangira okuhiiga. Kutegurra emitego n’okwegesa abantu ha kulinda eby’obuhangwa mirimo nkuru muno hali itwe aba sayansi habwokuba tuli hagati y’abataka, ensi yoona, n’ebihangwa. Bujunaanizibwa bwaitu habw’ebisoro, okwegesa abantu ebirukubikwataho; kandi mulimo gwaitu kumanyisa abantu ha kabi akali ha bisoro habw’enyetwaza yabo.

Engagya nazo nizikwatwa emitego!

Em i ly

akazaarwa 1971 mu Dar-es-salaam ekibuga kya Tanzania, baitu abazaire ba buruga izooba bwa Uganda. Primary akagisomera Kampala hanu owaitu Uganda kandi siniya yagisomera haihi n’omuka owaabu. Yagenda okusoma diguri y’okubanza mu kwe’kebiija eby’obuhangwa; yasoma eby’obuhangwa n’ebitwetoroire ha diguri eyerukweyongeraho (masters) hanyima yasoma diguri eyokumaliirrayo (PhD) byoona binu akabisomera Makerere. Yatunga omugisa okunanatwa abakugu mu mbera y’ebisoro ebirukisana abantu (primatology) n’enyetwaza y’enyamaiswa zoona. Emily asomere ha nyikara y’ebisoro haihi omunsi yoona kandi akarangaanizibwa ha tivi mu filimu y’enyetwaza y’amakorwa! Emily ayebembiire Kibale Chimpanzee Project okumara emyaka 12 abu nasoma ha nkura y’ebyana by’ebikuya baitu naakora n’emirimo endi. Oihireho kukora omu kibira, Emily muzaire. Aine omuhara arukwetwa Elizabeth; omwisiki onu akabannza kugamba ekigambo “baboon”, obu niyo Enkerebe!

11


Ebikuya ebikwasirwe emitego obirora mirundi ingaha kandi kiki ekimubikorra? Enyimaho kikaba kihinguraine, baitu kwiha tuteekaho omuhiigo gw’okutegurra emitego, hati ekakeeha. Baitu ijuka ngu kinu tukikora mu bikuya ebimanyiriire abantu! Hati nihahutaara ekikuya nka kimu buli mwaka; obundi busaho na kimu. Obuturukurora ekikuya kiine ewaya, nitumanyisa aba UWA na Jane Goodall Institute (JGI) mu Uganda. Aba Jane Goodall bakizire kusindika omusahu kwija kwetegereza nukwo acwemu ekikuya obu kiraaba nikisoboka kukiteera kalifomu bakakikabya kukiihamu ewaya. Kuhikya hati, ebikuya by’owaitu 3 bijunirwe aba Jane Goodall. Obundi ebikuya birengaho kwihamu ewaya byonka. Emirundi endi ekikuya titukirora omu bwiire kukijuna – twija kukirora kimazire kucwekaho omukono rundi okuguru. Tuferiirwe ebikuya 3 hali eki ekiturukuteekereza ngu buhuta kuruga ha kukwatwa emitego. Obundi ewaya nkooto kandi neremeera ekikuya tikirukusobora kutambura nayo omukibira. Ebikuya ebitamanyiriire bantu – titurukumanya ekirukubifaaho; kigumire kubirora n’okubiyamba!

Omulimo gwawe guhindwire enteekereza yawe ha bantu? Muno!! Omumiringo etali emu! Ninsoberwa abantu kulema okwetegereza bakagenda omumaiso nibatega emitego ekahutaaza ebikuya. Baitu ninyowe omu arukubanza kumanya ahabwaki nibakikora. Kandi obu, haroho engeso ezimu ezebikuya ezirukunyamba kwetegereza abantu! Nk’ebikazi kuruga mu ruganda rwabyo bikagenda kuswerwa; kurwana omu maka nambere ebisaija birukuteera ebikazi (manya bikora kyaki)!

Webale Emily, eky’okumalirra: ebikuya by’okugambiireki abantu kakuba nibibaza? “Mutuyambe muleke kusiisa obwikaro bwaitu! Mutuhe omugisa kuzaara n’okukuza abaana baitu, n’abaana batuzarre abaijukuru nukwo biti........”

! E L O R I K LEKA TU Okubiihir wa Oku semerer wa

12

Okut iina

Nkaitwe abantu, ebikuya n’engagya bikozesa hamaiso kubaliza bigenzi byabyo n’okusoborra nkoku birukwehurra. Okwihaho omuntu tasobora kwetegereza ebi birukugamba habwokuba! Ekyokurorraho, ekikuya kwoleka kumwegerra (kumwenya) nikimanyisa kitiinire. Baitu omuntu we namanyisa asemeriirwe!

Hanu leka tukwoleke ebimu ha miringo ebikuya byehurramu. Nikiha ekimurukwisaniza naiwe omuntu?

Oku z aana

K iri-maan i


A Y G A G N E ’ W G O N O K U M O ukwinganira kisisani ekir ha e aw ky ja ri bita? Teeka ekigan ky’engagya. Bi kimu ekiganja omukono nk’eyabantu: o on ik em ne yaara Engagya zii ogw’omuntu, eb na ga in gw ni i ih li gw’engagya ha e enono, hata ekisaija. Biin n‘ ho e ro ir ha as o, w re ek bitaan engagya nambe i, nd ki E . ik si ntu n’eb ima enkangaa honka, nk’aba na sa si yi he (ebinkumo) ni ebindi!

Enkozesa

Embaganiza enkooto hagati y’abantu nebyo ebindi eri ha nkozesa. Omukono gw’omuntu gukahangirwa kuvikiza (kunyweza) n’okuhinda-hindura, baitu ebikuya, engagya n’ebindi bikozesa emikono n’okurubata. Kinu bakyeta ‘knuckle walking’ kurubatira ha ntomi: amaguru bigalibasa nk’omuntu baitu emikono bihinya ebyara nk’omulema.

KUKOPESA: obworaaba otarukufayo kwiragura; teeka ekiganja kyawe omubisaabu okiteeke ha rupapura rundi ahantu hoona. Omazire! Hati rorraniza n’obwegendereza ekiganja kyawe neky’engagya!

Obulaama mu kiganja

Obulaini obuli mukiganja tiburukusisana nakati. Ebikuya n’engagya obulaini niburabamu bukiizi baitu obw’omuntu bwo nibwenda nkokwetoroora. Ebikuya n’engagya biine hagati ya 3 na 5 kandi burabamu bukiizi buterekeriire. Obulaini bunu kandi bukwataine

Oburaiha bw’EKYARA KISAIJA Nobukiraaba ngu abantu n’ebisoro ebirukusisana byoona biine ebyara ebisaija ebiroleriire ebindi, eky’omuntu nikikira kuraiha kandi n’okukwata kunyweza. Baitu nabwo, ebikuya n’engagya nabyo nibikozesa ekyara-kisaija muno. Bikwata ebitaagi, kutondoora ebijuma, n’okuhimba abaana. Ebikuya bisobora n’okukozesa ebikwato kuruga mu biti.

13


a r o k u k Eby’o aano

OKUTEERA EKISISANI

1.

2.

NUBWO BWIRE 3. ‘KUKUYAMU’!

4.

z u b n’o

1. Komamu owararolerra omuzaano

TERANIZA OBUTONYEZI

Leka tumanye okuteera ekisisani ky’engagya n’erubata ehinyire ebyara!

2. Mukuru w’omuzaano akomemu omu

Ekyo 1 teera omutwe gw’engagya – oyongereho enda

3. Mukuru w’omuzaano nakomamu omuzaani omu

Ekya 2 teera emikono ye enkooto ey’omumaiso Ekay 3 teera amaguru ge ag’enyima Ekya 4 malirra n’otekaho ekiganja, amatu, amaiso,

owokuteeba, onu naruga mu kilaasi nagenda aheeru awaraaba kikuya

n’omugongo

4. Abazaani abandi nibakora ekya buli kikuya araaba

n’akora. Ekikuya obukiyeyagura omumutwe abazaani abandi inywena nimweyagura. Ekikuya obukirayamerra ha kuguru kumu inywena nimwemerra ha kuguru kumu

enyindo n’omunwa

Webale muno!

5. Omuteebi naikirizibwa kwija omu kilaasi ateebe

nooha kikuya wenyini!

6. Ekikuya kiine kulengaho okutarorwa nikihindura

ekikorwa. Ekikuya obikirakwatwa, hati owabaire ali kikuya nuwe arukufooka muteebi.

MU OKUBUMBA O BUDONGO Leka twejulinge mw’itaka! Osobora kubumba ebirukukwata ha bikuya n’engagya kuruga mw’Ibumba Ibumba lyoona osobora kubumbamu ebintu nirikora kubumba ekisisani ky’ekikuya rundi engagya. Osobora okuliiha mu kisaaru, ha kiswa (linu liba itaka iririmirwe enkubebe kuruga hansi muno). Obukiraaba nikisoboka ibumbo olise otakalitairemi maizi. 1. Genda oihe ibumba 2. Zigisa ibumba okukoramu nk’obuti 3. Bumba entandiko (akatebe-tebe) obu n’ozinga buli obw’obandize kukora 4. Kozesa buli obw’ozigisire kubumba fesi y’ekikuya/engagya ha katebe-tebe 5. Yongeraho ‘obuti’ bundi okwenda kuteekaho ekiina 6. Terekereze ekibumbe kyawe nokozesa akati n’amaizi 7. Leka kyome okumara hakire ebiro 3 8. Obukirasoboka, kyokye ha tanurro nukwo kigume kurungi

14


SERRA EBIGAMBO BYA AJANI Hanu haroho ebigambo ebirukusoborra okubona-bona kwa Ajani! Biserre orole obw’orabibona haifo hanu. Osobora okubibona bwemi, bukiizi, n’ogaruka enyima rundi kusaramu! Biteekeho enkulingo nk’okworaaba nobigwaaho, buli ekyorarora kitekeho aka raiti.

engagya ekikuya bonobo kyegirabantu ekibira omuti obuhangwa renja emmanzi

KINU

paaka obwikaro ekisoro enyamaiswa okulinda afrika isomero omwegesa

KIKI?

Teraniza obutonyezi nukwo omanye ow’akuroleriire! Tandika na namba 1, oteraniza paka kuhika ha namba ya 53!

15


KORA AKAKOOKORO

A K N ! U Ntaaha ninyenda kumanya; kufooka kikuya noyehurra ota? 1. Okisale noyetoroora kurungi. 2. Sara ebiina by’amaiso. N’osobora keterekerezamu kusigikirra ha fesi yaawe 3. S  ara ebihuru bibiri harubaju nambere obutonyezi buli. Nambere orasibira ehuuzo, ekigoye rundi akakoba. Sibira omunda y’akakookoro kawe. 4. Teeka ha maiso gawe: Oli ota mwana Kikuya!!!


2 / Okukwatirwa omukibira / okutega