Page 1

K

OK OB U W BU IK R AR WA O

ABU K’AM AT A

NZI MA

MU K EBI ULIN KU DA YA

**

N

’E

NG

AGYA

**

Seruruza, Oyege, Ocwemu! Ebikaguzo, ebigezeso n’obuzaano bwingi omunda!!


Akatabu kakaturukibwa Stichting Nature for Kids www.natureforkids.nl Omwaka 2013 Nibakoragana na U.N.I.T.E. for the Environment, The Kasiisi Project na Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology Okwekebiija kandi omuhandiiki mukuru: Dagmar van Weeghel * Okutereekereza n’okuhunda: Albrecht Design * Ensoborra: Marlies van der Wel, Mieke Driessen Kuteera ebisisani: Andrew Bernard, * R onan Donovan, Richard * Bergl, Martha Robbins, Dagmar van Weeghel, Mark Edwards,

*

2

David R. Mills & Panthera, Cleve Hicks Okuhindura orulimi: Tinka John (Rutooro)


KWERAGANIZA kwemanzi mukulinda Ebikuya n’Engagya! mukulinda Oyeteekanize okufooka manzi Ajani owa Engagya n’Ebikuya nkanyowe: rungi! Fish & Greens? Ago makuru ma okwate ekyeraganizo Ijuzaamu ibara lyawe (hamoso) aka lyawe nibyo bikuru mumutwe. Ijuka: okwehayo n’ir kuya n’Engagya! Lengaho ebirukwetaagisibwa okulinda Ebi kwawe n’abandi! N’osobora kubaganaho OKWERAGANIZA ina rundi ekyevugo kukozesa ebigambo kwihamu ekiz abandi amaani okukikozesa nokihanika mukilaasi n’otekamu u. hamikoro omukyaro ky ‘owany emeza! Kakuba tukorra Ekyorukukora kyoona nikins ho kikooto. hamu, nitusobora kuhindura

Nambere orukwikara hoona, kikuru kukura oli mwebembezi mukulinda ebyobuhangwa. Omuhanda omukuru kulinda ebyobuhangwa nugwo iwe kukura nogonza Nyinaitwe - Ensi! Enu entegeka nehikiriza eky’okulinda Ebikuya n’Engagya obu n’esomesa okuraba mukusemeza n’okwoleka sineema, n’eyongeraho ebyokusoma n’obuzaano. Nitwija kukwoleka ebyokulinda Ebikuya n’Engagya n’Ebindi – abaihwa baitu abomukibira boona kandi tukwoleke nkokworakikora! Obuzaano obuli omukatabu kanu nibwija kukuha emiringo erukusemeza n’okuyamba kulinda Ensi yaitu kwikara nungi habwaitu nabaihwa baitu - Ebikuya n’Engagya.

Seruruza, Omanye, Oyege kandi Mucwemu inywenka. Mwegonze

3


By Michelle Slavin

‘Habitat loss’ kiki? Habitat nigwo omwanya rundi amaka g’ Ebikuya n’Engagya (n’ebindi byoona) nuho biraara, bitunga amaizi n’ebyokulya n’ebyetaago ebindi byoona. Ebikuya biikara mubwerre n’ebibira kandi Engagya ziikara mubibira honka. Kakuba omwanya guhoibwamu ebyetaago kinu tukyeta “habitat loss” (okuburwa obwikaro) Nkaitwe, Ebikuya n’Engagya nibyetaaga obwikaro - Okubyama, kulya, kuzaara n’okuzaana! Obwikaro (habitat) butaroho tibirukwomeera!

Ebikuya nibisobora kutunga obwikaro

biremwa kuhika habiikaro byabyo ebindi.

ahantu haingi kandi bigumira embeera

Kibireterra kwitwa enjara kandi n’okulema

baitu Engagya zo zisoroora nahabwekyo

kuzaara. Obundi birwanira obwikaro ebindi

obwikaro bwazo bwine obuzibu bwingi

bimalirra bifiire.

muno. Okuseruruza kwemyaka 15 nikwoleka Engagya ziferiirwe ebicweka

Habitat degradation kimanyisa obwikaro

by’obwikaro 47 ha 100 obu Ebikuya byo

butahirwemu ebintu nk’orwoya orubi,

bucweka 14 ha 100. Kurugwaho obwikaro

ebimera ebitali byaho, daamu, hanu

nikyo kizibu muno mukuleetereza okukeeha

obwikaro busigara buhoire amaani.

kw’ Ebikuya n’Engagya mu Afrika kandi fragmentation na degradation

Habwaki Kuburwa Obwikaro Kibaho?

ha nkora eru kulinda eby’obuhangwa

Habitat destruction:

Haroho ebintu bingi ebireetera ebisoro

habwokuba tibarukubyetegereza.

kibaho abantu obu basiisira kimu obwikaro

kuburwa obwikaro: kulima, enkurakurana,

Ekindi, obunaku buletera abantu kusiisa

obu nibatema ebibira, kulima mu bisaaru

ebyobugaiga bw’omwitaka, kulima ebinazi,

ebyobuhangwa obu nibaserra sente

okwokya obwerre; bimu ha byokurorraho

empinduka y’obwire, obunaku, obutasoma.

mubwire bwa haihi kandi kunu haroho

Okwetaaga emiti nyingi (kwombeka, enku,

kubonabona mubwire bw’omumaiso, okw

Habitat fragmentation kibaho obu ekicweka

n’amakara), itaka ly’okulima (habw’abantu

e’byobuhangwa n’okuburwa sente.

ky’obwikaro kisiiswa hakasigaraho

nyakimu n’ebitongole nk’ebirukulima

Aho warora ekirukukirayo kusiisa mu

“obuzinga” butaito. Enguudo, ebyombeko

ebinazi) n’enkurakurana (amaka, enguudo,

byoona? Niitwe abantu. Nitulengaho

biri bimu ebirukuleeta kinu. Abantu

amaduuka), n’obugaiga bw’omwitaka

kukozesa emyanya emu na baihwa baitu

batekereza ngu kusigaho batamazireho

nka kopa bireteriize kusiisa obwikaro

ebikuya n’engagya! Abantu nitweyongera

baba nibalinda eby’obuhangwa baitu

bw’ebikuya n’engagya. Abantu abaine

omubwingi kandi obu nukwo turukwetaaga

ebikuya n’engagya hamu n’ebisoro ebindi

okusoma okutaito baine encwamu nke

obwikaro n’ebyokukozesa.

obu nikibaho mumiringo 3: destruction,

4


ekibira sobora kusiisa era Abantu nibeyong mire yo fa ek a i is nd uli ka ok o a kikoot u nibaserr okya ebibira ob batema okutema n’okw kikooto. Abantu bu zi ki e er ok fo bacwamu ki u nu am Ki hw o. ru ab za butaito orwezo re wi ob handi a a lim nd ba ge ebibira, li orwezo. Ba rra nambere ha nibiija ira ib Eb . ya kufuruka kuse ok kw aka okutema n’o zo habule. batandika busy ra kuserra orwe ki ru fu ku ho na kuhwaho

rn Okulima ku Slash and Butasobora kugarraho.

Okoleki kutangira kuburwa obwikaro kw’ebikuya n’engagya? Osobora kuba n’otekereza habwaki tufaho ha kuburwa obwikaro kw’ebikuya n’engagya; ebigambo bisatu mbinu: buli kimu nikiyamba! Buli kihangwa nikikuyamba---obundi kyanguhire kwetegereza kandi akasumi akandi kigumire. Ekikuru ebikuya n’engagya baihwa baitu kandi nitwetaaga ebintu birukusisana nukwo twomeere.---kuba bihwaho habwokuburwa obwikaro naitwe titurukusobora kwomeera kurungi. Haroho ebintu bingi osobora kukora kutangira

Lo

gging kimanyi sa kutema em okusaramu em iti emikooto baaho. Ebibir omubibira a bingi bisiis n’obutali busu irwe omu busu ma. Kinu kiso ma bora kuleetaho habwokuba em akabi akandi ihanda enu ek ozesibwa abah ezindi iigi n’enkozi z’ebibi

Leka

kutema ebibira n’okwokya oti: * * * * * * * *

Obworatema omuti gumu, obyaale esatu Byara emiti y’okusenyamu enku nukwo oleme kuseenya mukibira, mu paaka n’omubisaaru Kozesa ebyooto kalinda nku omukiikaro ky’amanda n’amahiga asatu Otookya amakara Okozese embaaho, emiti emirundi nyingi mukwombeka Leka kwokya ebisaka Kozesa akasiri akarukwetwa “Keyhole Garden” akatarukwetaagisa omwanya mukooto (noija kusanga endagirro mukatabu munu) Tungayo entasya ezindi nk’okulinda enjoki, embuzi, n’okukora eby’emikono

ebikuya n’engagya kuburwa obwikaro. Eky’okubanza, ikara omw’isomero! Nkokworukweyongera kusoma noyeyongera n’encwamu nungi hanyikara erukulinda eby’obuhangwa. Soma kandi obaganeho n’abanywani n’abomuka. Hansi hanu haroho ebimu habyosobora okukora kuyamba ebikuya

Keehya okukanya kw’abantu munsi oti: • Banza omale okusoma kwawe • Lindaho eby’okutunga amaka • Obworaaba ohikire kutunga amaka, kozesa eby’okulinda oruzaaro (famire)

n’engagya kutasiisirwa obwikaro bwabyo:

RE?

I OKIMANY

gumu gw’ebikuya (hagati y’ebikuya 20 – 130) nigwetaaga omwanya ogurukwinga * OLCImugana zooni yoona okwomeera? ky’ebikuya (5 – 60) nibyetaaga ebisambiro by’omupiira nka 200 okutunga ebyokulya birukumara * Ekikoosi kirukukirayo kumaraho obwikaro bw’ebikuya n’engagya nibyo ebyetaago by’abantu (n’obwingi) * Eebitarukuhwayo! Habitat loss” kimanyisa itaka rundi amaizi tibikyali birungi kwikarwaamu habw’okuburamu ebyetaago * “(obubyamo, amaizi, eby’okulya, obuzarro, n’ebindi) n’engagya bikozesa emyanya yabyo nk’amarwarro, bicwamu emibazi obubirwaara. * Ebikuya * Ebisoro obubihoibwaho obwikaro, byonera abantu. Ebibira nibikeeha, itwe abantu nitweyongera

5


n’agarukamu ebikaguzo:

Enu ngagya yonyini!

Peter Kabano Peter Kabano akazaalirwa, yakurra kandi yasomera mu Uganda. Obuyamazire diguri eyokubanza mukulinda ebyobuhangwa obu nasomera ow’Itendekero lya Makerere mu mwaka gwa 2008, Peter yacwamu kusiga ab’owabu mu kibuga Kampala agende omw’irungu Bwindi, Rukiga, ensaro na Congo kutandikaho omulimo gw’okulinda eby’obuhangwa. Abandi bakaseka encwamu ye ey’okuruga omukibuga akasigayo ebirungi byoona kugenda omukisaka. Peter amatu akagateekamu ebiti! Akeehayo kandi obu yatandika nayamba (nakora atarukusasurwa). Ebyo byoona atabifeho – yacwamu kweteraniza habalinzi beby’obuhangwa abake baitu abarukweyongera nukwo akwatanize nabo omukulinda eby’obuhangwa bya Uganda ebiri ha sipiidi z’okuhwerekerra.

Tugambire ekiro kyawe nikigenda kita nk’omuyambi hakuseruruza ha Ngagya mu paaka ya Bwindi? Nyimuka nyenkyakara muno, obuhuka n’obunyonyi nibutandika okugamba; rundi ebikima nibyehuuba haiguru y’enju ndukuraaramu. Ndya ebyokulya ebirukukwata omunda, nyesiba ekisahu n’ebikaito nyeteraniza ahali abahondera engagya. Tugaruka nambere turaire tusigire engagya - tuzihondera omukihanda (obusinde) kuhika nambere ziri. Kinu kitwara nk’esaaha emu n’ekicweka. Gunu omulimo gunyikaza nkaijwize okukira kwikarra mu ofiisi, n’obundaaba nintunga ebiro bibiri buli wiki okukorra omu ofiisi. Omulimo gwange omukuru gubaire enkoragana nab a UWA omukulengaho kumanyiiza engagya kurorwa abantu. Nkakora naba Renja okwekebiija engagya paka kuhika obuzimanyiira abantu zikaleka kukwatwa ensoni rundi okwiruka.

Kiki ekyorukukira kwijuka omu kwekebiija engagya? Okurora engagya omurundi gwokubanza kiba kikuru nahabweki nintererra buli omu agende azirole. Okurora engagya niziikara hamu nk’aboruganda, enkazi, ensaija n’ebyaana kandi nkoku buli kimu kiine omulimo gwakyo omuka yazo bwali bwakaiso bugumire

6

kwoleka nkoku twine obuzaale bwahaihi. Obukooto bwazo tosobora kubwikiriza otakazirozire. Ekintu ekindi ekyampuniriize nubwo obunarozire obusigazi bubiri nibuzaana nkoburukuzina nibwikara nibwiruka nibwetoroora, hanyima nibutanga-tangana niburolerra ngana omumaiso. Kinu nikisisana ebitukora tuli bwana buto. Kyokuhuniriza obusigazi bunu bukaija kunyeta ngu nanyowe nzaane nabwo! Baitu nkairrayo naguma nimbuha omwanya obubyaijaga kunyirra haihi.

Omulimo gwawe gukahindura entekereza yaawe aha bantu? Habwokurora engagya nokuzisisaniriza abantu, kuba omuntu nobukiraaba kirumu ebirungi, baitu kigumire. Engagya bisoro ebiteekaine, biine obusinge, kandi nibiteekamu ngana ekitiinisa. Itwe abantu tukira obutafaho kumanya obuzibu obusobora kuruga omubikorwa byaitu. Kandi titufayo ahali ebyo ebitwetoroire omubisaka n’ebibira. Obu kinu nikimanyisa, bantu bataito muno abarukumanya ebirukukwata ha ngagya – abaingi tibarukufaho nobubirayenda bikahwaho. Kikuru muno okuhindura entekereza embi enu


Obwikaro bw’engagya mu Bwindi buli buta? Obwikaro bwazo buhindukire mu myaka nka 10 ehingwire - habwaki? Obwikaro bwazo buroho ahabw’ekisa kya Gavumenti, ebitongole ebyabantu, na bakalimagezi kuteekamu amaani kulinda omwanya. Amakumi g’emyaka enyima, omwanya gunu gwali gusiisirwe habw’okulima, kusara embaaho baitu Gavumenti ekaihamu abantu nukwo kuteekaho paaka ya Bwindi. Paaka enu ntaito muno kusigikirra ha bisoro ebikooto ebirukwikaramu nk’engagya.

Buzibu ki obwokira kusanga omukulinda obwikaro bw’engagya? Habwokuba paaka erihaihi muno n’ebyaro, abantu baiba obucweka bwa paaka n’ekibira, bookya paaka kandi batega emitego okwita engabi. Omurro nokutahirra ekibira bitalibaniza engagya habwokuba nibisiisa ebyokulya n’obwikaro. Ekindi emitego enu haroho obwekwata engagya ezitagenderiirwe. Kandi abantu okutaaha mu paaka mubusuma basobora kuleetera engagya oburwaire. Hasigaireho ntaito muno, 400 zonka, zisobora kufa nizihwaho. Kakuba emu erwaara – esobora kutuliza ngenzi zaayo kandi omubwire butaito zoona nizirwara nizifa.

Engagya obuziraaba nizisisana abantu, habwaki ziri mu kabi k’okuhwerekerra kandi itwe abantu nitweyongera obwingi?

omwanya mukooto kusobora kutunga obwingi n’embibo z’ebyokulya. Ijuka engagya ezaitu ziine kwikara mukibira kandi ekirumu ensozi kandi nambere hali obufuki nukwo zisobole kutunga ebizirukwetaaga. Kyekaguzeeho, itwe abantu twine amagezi n’obusobozi okwikara omumarungu nomubicweka ebirumu obufuki bwingi, baitu engagya zo nizisobora kwikarayo zikatunga ebyetaago byoona?

Webale Peter, ekikaguzo ekyokumaliirra: Engagya kakuba nizibaza z’okugambireki abantu? Ninteebereza z’okugambire, ‘inywe abantu mwirreyo muhereze nyowe n’ekibira kyange omwanya ogurukumara. Baitu mutagenda hara muno – mundolerre n’abagenzi bange tutafa tukahwaho.

Engagya tizirukuzarra haihi ngana nkaitwe, ezaara hanyima y’emyaka ena n’ekicweka kandi ekyaana kiine emigisa ntaito y’okukura kukira itwe abantu. Omuntu nasobora kuzaara abaana 4 mumyaka ena kandi boona bakule. Kandi engagya nizetaaga ebyokulya bingi (emirundi 10 kwingana omuntu) nukwo bisobole kwikara byomeezi kandi biine amaani gabyo. Nizetaaga

7


1. Nkaraba ha misiri y’abataahi

2.

Nubwo nazoire

3. Engagya mumisiri ya Mudpound

Meanwhile

B

Abantu ba Mudpound nibendaki hanu?

8.

Twacwamu tugendege kuserra engagya

13. Twasangayo akaisiki ka Mudpound

14.

Twali tugenzire kugambira chifu wabo eby’engagya

15.

20.

...naikara hamu...

21.

7.

19.

25.

Ebikuya; kinu ky’obuzibu! Baitu tinabirolerra omumaiso

Nantale, akaisiki ka Mudpound katugambira ebibakora

26.

Abantu ba Mudpound bali haihi kumaraho ekibira, twine kumanyisa Tinka

9. Baitu twasanga banywani baitu

27.

Baitu...ekyaro eky’enaku

...twayefora bataito...ebikuya byaculeera

Twarora engagya yonyini Endima ye n’ekozesa itaka lingi kandi n’emaramu ekiriisa

31.

Ab’obusobozi batukwata

32. Twatoka na chifu wa Mudpound

33.

Bagarreho ekibira obu nibabyara emiti

37.

Abantu ba Mudpound bayegesibwa endima ey’omulembe

38.

39.

Bayegesibwa kuhindura ebirimwa buli sizoni


But in our village

4. Nairuka okumanyisa buli omu

Omukyaro kyowaitu haliyo orukiiko nirutiinisa

6.

11. Yangambira ebindi aha ngagya

12.

5.

Chifu waitu natoka na chifu wa Mudpound

Back in the village

10.

Kugaruka omuka, Tinka omukuru wa paaka yali aliyo

Obutwali nitusoha

Obwire obubwakiire Twairukira omukibira tutaikirizibwe, kandi twaraarayo 17.

18.

22. Ebisoro ebisemiire, biri nkaitwe!

23.

Baitu twakizoora

24.

Nkoku abantu ba Mudpound barukusiisa ekibira

Twaziima amaiso, twayefora bataito

29.

Twagaruka enyuma mpora

30.

Engagya yayeyongerayo

Nikyo ebikuya n’engagya biizira 34. mumisiri, amaka gaabyo gasiisirwe

35.

Chifu wa Mudpound baamusiba

36.

Kukozesa ebisoodo n’obusa nk’ekiriisa mw’itaka 40.

41.

16.

28.

Chifu wa Mudpound yatoka ngu nitubaiba

ka u

Leka kurwana

42.

Ebikuya n’engagya byagarulirwa amaka gaabyo

Byoona byahwa kurungi


Obwikaro bw’Ebikuya n’Engagya:

I G N U R U B A Y N ‘‘EKIBIRA

Ebisoro ebirukusisana abantu byoona biri omukabi; kwomera kwabyo rundi buli ebibira birinzirwe kurungi. Baitu kandi ebibira binu by’omugaso muno na ha bantu. Ebibira binu byetwa ebihaha by’Ensi habw’okusengiija orwoya orubi – orw’obutwa, nokutuha orwoya orurungi orw’okwikya. Itwe abantu n’ebisoro oruturukwetaaga. Ebibira nibitereekereza embeera y’obwire, birinda ebimera n’ebisoro bingi muno, kandi bituleetera enjura omunsi yoona. Binu byoona ekibira kibikora kita? Wewe, ekibira kirumu ebicweka bina. Kandi buli kicweka kiine omulimo mukooto ha bisoro n’ebimera ebirukwikaramu.

Binu bicweka ebbina: Emergent Layer: kinu kirumu emiti enkooto erukuhikya fuuti nka 150. Emiti eyeri omukicweka kinu etunga amababi g’omuzimbo, nukwo galinde amaizi gasobole omusana. Munu nuho ebinyonyi kalya nyama byeyikarra, ebikima, ebihoiholya, obuhugu-hugu n’enjoka.

Canopy: gunu nugwo omwanya ogw’ekwasire. Emiti eyekora nk’enju etanga n’omusana kurabaho. Kunu nuho ebisoro ebimu byesereka okutaliibwa ebyo ebirukugendera hansi.

Understory: gunu omwanya ogwahagati-nahagati omu, gwine amaizi maingi kandi ebikoora bikooto. Nuho ebintu bingi biikara; ebinyonyi, enjoka, ebihuka n’ebindi bingi

Floor: hanu nuho hansi haitaka, hahikayo obucweka 2 hali 100 bw’omusana bwonka. Nahabwekyo, tihabayo miti nyingi, okwihaho ebisaka bitaitomuno. Hanu haijwire ebitaagi by’emiti, ebikoora, obusa bw’ebisoro. Habwokubayo amaizi nekiirro – binu bijunda bwangu. Orukonge, ebihuka, obukoko, obutuzi byoona obisanga hanu

10


EMITI INE

OMUGASO!

Emiti ey’omukibira n’o mumaka gaitu ine omugaso mukooto . Abantu, ebikuya n’engagya n’ebisoro by oona. Tikigumire kwikiriza ngu emiti et aroho naitwe abantu titwakubaire omunsi nyaburungi enu.

*

ga O m u b ig u fu , z in u n so n aso ! ug h abwa k i em it i in e osombora kwomeera

a, titu ikya (Oxygen): ikiriz nigukora Ereeta orwoya tw uru ogw’ebikoora uk om uti om u, em i on siz Mu engiija orwooya hataroho miti. omwaka. Ekibira kis za iki kw ru ba 10 tu “Oxygen aban turukwikya! omw’itaka. bibi ebindi bitaaha Obutwa bwingi n’e : ka ita amu ya ur og ind ey Emiti i obundi ebuh obutwa bunu kand a ur ah a ey u zes ko um ba ob i Emiti bibazi-baz esengiija eburofu n’e iti Em i. ebisaabu ng ya iru og eb ey i u nd ebint sa bw’ebisoro ka bu mu bu izi eb a omumisiri, ekeesy igera bitakagenzire omum i, emiti jura obw’egwa nying g’enjura nyingi: en

*

i

Emiti ekeesya amaiz

* * * * *

kw’amaizi ekeesya kutaraaka

ya ihamu obutwa

wo oya: Temiti eyogya or Emiti esemeza orwo no hakuleeta Emiti emanyirwe mu i: uk uf ob n’ ru uu Okuleeta ekiit o nungi

ekiituuru n’embeh

kiyamba n’okulinda

amaizi

a, a: kutangira omuyag utagenda Okutangira omuyag itaka eryahaiguru ok omw’itaka n’ebimera

kandi nokulinda

a orubi kukora Eb . ra, emizi ra mu muti, amakoo amaani, ebyokulya. Erwahu kuba ebibira bihwa Ka . ” on arb “c , nu ru i ub or ya kwahura orwo umwanya. ndika kulengiija om orwoya runu niruta

Kukozesa orwooya

orwooy orubi: Emiti ekozesa ibira biyamba muno

11


OSEKE OKABE!! Nikisemeza okuba omukibira. Ebisoro ebingi nibisekesa kandi bisiiba nibizaana. Rora binu; nibisisana ebirukuzaana katemba!

Ijuzamu ebigambo omukisisani kinu kandi okihanike omu kilaasi. Gamba banywani baawe nabo bakikole. Nooha ahandiikire ebirukusekesa kukirayo???

CEKECA AMAZINA! Osobora kukoramu omubiri gwawe….

...ekisisani ky’omuti?

Wesisanirize amaguru gaawe mihama (mize), Enda yaawe muti gwemeriire, emikono bitaagi by’omuti

> Osobora KUCEKECA nk’omuti omumuyaga? > Osobora kucicya emikono yaawe nk’ebitaagi omunjura? 12


Engagya n’ebikuya nibiikara omumahanga 21 aga Afrika

IWE oikara nkaha? aapu enu)

(Yoleka owanyu ha m

ebikuya engagya

? a h a k n a r a k ii b o y b i Kand

Ebikuya/ Empundu Angola Burundi Burkina Faso Cameroon Central African Republic Democratic Republic of Congo Equatorial Guinea Gabon Gambia Ghana Guinea Guinea Bissau

Engagya Ivory Coast Liberia Mali Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Senegal Sierra Leone Sudan Tanzania Togo Uganda

Angola Cameroon Central African Republic Democratic Republic of Congo Equitorial Guinea Gabon Nigeria Republic of the Congo Rwanda Uganda

13


a r o k u Eby’ok o n a a z u n’ob

Omugaso ogw’amaiso okuba omubuso Tulibamu batweta “primates”.Niturora omumaiso. Kinu kituyamba okupima orugendo.Hanu haroho akazaano kugezesa kinu! 1. Kora gurupu n’abanywani.Mwemerre mu laini ibiri

murolerrengana mumaiso.

2. Serrayo akantu koona, nk’akapiira rundi kalaamu. 3. Hungura haiguru – nokwata n’omukono gumu.

Rabya omupiira omumaguru ogunage enyima.Oyerinde kuteera bagenzi baawe!

4. Buli omu ahungule haiguru emirundi 5. Guma n’ohandiika emirundi okwasire omupiira n’eyolemerwe. 5. Hati zibiriza eriiso limu okikole emirundi 5. Handiika emirundi okwasire omupiira n’eyolemerwe.

Nosobora kupima oburaiha n’okozesa eriiso limu?

Naiwe oli Primate? Ebisoro ebirukwetwa primate biine ebwokurorraho bunu. Naiwe obwine?

Nootekereza naiwe oli primate?? 14

1. Amaiso gaawe gali omubuso? 2. Hamaiso gawe haterekeriire kandi hagufu kutasisana ebisoro nk’endogoya n’embwa? 3. Ebyara byawe eby’amaguru n’emikono byoona osobora kubihindura? 4. Oine obwongo bukooto? 5. Osobora kukwata ebintu n’okozesa emikono n’amaguru? 6. Ekyara kyawe ekisaija nikisobora kukwata ha byara ebindi (biroleriire-ngana)? 7. Oine enono mukiikaro ky’enkangasi? 8. Oine ekinyama hamitwe y’enono n’okikozesa kumanya eky’okwasire? 9. Nomanya erangi? 10. Nohweza nyamisana honka? 11. Nolya ebisaka n’enyama? 12. Ogonza kweterekereza?

Teeka saako ha EGO rundi NANGWA

q Ego q Nangwa q Ego q Nangwa q Ego q Nangwa q Ego q Nangwa q Ego q Nangwa q Ego q Nangwa q Ego q Nangwa q q q q q

Ego Ego Ego Ego Ego

q q q q q

Nangwa Nangwa Nangwa Nangwa Nangwa


HANDIIKA EB’YOROZIRE Tambura haihi n’isomero lyawe. Komamu omuti ogurakusemeza. Ogwetegereze erangi, gukwateho, ekisusu, amakoora, itaka erigwetoroire n’ebintu byoona ebirukwikara omumuti ogu rundi haihi nagwo.

Leka tugwekebiije: • E  mize nesisana amaguru g’omuti. Ekwata omuti egugumya omw’itaka (nkoku amaguru gaawe gakora nukwo otagwa). Emize eyamba omuti okunywa amaizi. • Ebitaagi bisisana emikono y’omuti • Ekisusu kisisana oruhu rwaitu. Kirinda kandi kisweka omuti. Baitu embaganiza eri nkaha? (Soborra nkoku buli kimu ky’ehurra) Kwata hamuti naiwe ogaruke okwate hamubiri gwawe. • Osobora kuteeka amaguru gaawe haihi nemizi y’omuti? • Osobora kuteeka emikono yaawe ha bitaagi by’omuti? • Osobora kuteera ekisisani ky’omuti gwoona? Teera harupapura rundi hansi omw’itaka!

ogenda nu: Ogume n Akakodyo nka ti gwawe mu wiiki mu uti gunu kwekebiija o o. Bungira om kyakara, ay er g n o ey ezirukw na; nyen butarukusisa tu omu bwire o enda n’omun (g o yo, ekir ag eb e rw ir a, w b an o mis ra z’ da omumbee induka kandi kiki h mukuru). Gen ku u ir ek i u na. Kik musana, ebic o ezitarukusisa , ra ju n u m ; ka u d in h ekitaruku no? , ekitunguuta bingi, obufuki aito. Kakuba

ti gwawe u m

i osab

( s to r y) yo

nd eo g

e

oru

ga

i i ka

om

ilaai! mu k

Hand

is

k ni

…........

…………

........…

…………

…........

........…

…………

…………

…………

……....

........…

…………

…………

............

…………

…………

……....

…………

…………

……

…………

………..

……

............

..……

............ …….... Serra a ………… ........ ……….. n ...... zeculik sa haifo y ’o ............………… rupapu ……….. ire! ............ ra runu ..…….. , zihan diikirw e

BA MUKUGU I T I M E A D N I L U HA K (Baitu kutema omuti nukwo omanye emyaka yagwo tikirukwikirizibwa!)

Teera ekisisani ky’omuti gwawe, handiika eby’orukuteekereza kandi bagana ebiteekerezo byawe n’omusomesa n’abeegi. Osangire empinduka-hinduka aha muti? Erangi nizihinduka? Ebikoora nibiragara? Kandi ebisusu n’ebitaagi?

ka

ha

u wiiki nt nikikorwa m ba okumanya (Omanye: kinu re, nikikuyam hi ai ur ob ire w ub zo e buli si ni!) okikora om ha muti gwaw ka du in ah nd empi

Nomany a ingaha? omuti gwine e Osobor ………… a kuma myaka ………… n ………… ya ota? ………… ………… ………… …………

• Omuti gunu niguheereza obwikaro ebisoro n’ebihuka ebindi? • B  uli kugendayo, handiika obwire, embeera y’obwire, n’obutagasi (rundi obufuki) • Wetegereze erangi z’ebikoora obuzirahinduka • Obale ebikoora ha kimu ha bitaagi (nibyeyongera, nibikeeha?) • Soborra kurungi ha bikoora by’omuti gunu • Handiika ebizibu ebisobora kubaho hamuti, ebirukwereeta n’ebyo ebirukuleetwa abantu • Hanuuraho emiti n’eyamba eta omuntu kandi habwaki tusemeriire kugirinda Handiika ebikaguzo eby’ebintu orukwetaaga kumanya ha miti. Soborra omuntu ondi okuseruruza kwawe. Handiika oruganikyo (story) ha muti gwawe kandi osabe ogisome mu kilaasi!

OKUKOPESA: TEKAMU ABANDI AMAANI!

Murundi gundi iwe n’abowanyu mugenzire okuseenya rundi nimugenda omukisaka, serra ekikunya ky’omuti osobole kubara enkulingo kutunga emyaka yagwo.

Osobora kumanya emyaka y’omuti nobara obuntu obwetoroire obwotema omutibuli mwaka omuti guteekaho enkulingo (circle) emu. Baitu habwensonga orukumanya titurukwenda oteme omuti gunu! Nahabweki osobora kurora ebitaaagi by’omuti ebyomere obiteme nukwo obale enkulingo omunda. Abaasomere eby’emiti nibamanya emyaka batagutemere – nibaikirizibwa okusindika ekyooma omunda y’omuti nukwo bakasaramu enyama bakabara emyaka. Omuti niguhutaara baitu nigwongera nigukira hanyima y’obwire!

15


KORA AKAKOOKORO Otaaha noyenda kumanya kakuba oli ngagya ensi yakubaire eta?

K A

N

U

1. Osaliirre nobwegendereza. 2. Sara ebiina by’amaiso. Terekereza kusigikirra ha rulengo rwamaiso opimire n’omwanya hagati yago. 3. T  ekamu obwina bubiri (nambere hali obutoonyezi) nambere osobora kusiba akaguha rundi ekintu kyoona ekirukwenyurra. Sibira omunda y’akakookoro 4. Teeka hamaiso gaawe: Oli ota Ngagya!!!

1/ Okuburra omukibira / Okuburwa obwikaro  

Hab loss Magaz ine / Rutooro / Ajani's Great ape adevntures

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you