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Discover, Learn, Take Action! Quiz, puzzles, and a lot more fun inside!!

Created and published by Stichting Nature for Kids www.natureforkids.nl Copyright 速 2013. In connection with U.N.I.T.E. for the Environment, The Kasiisi Project and the Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology in chief & production: Dagmar van Weeghel * Editor * Design & Lay out: Albrecht Design Illustrators: Marlies van der Wel, Mieke Driessen Photography: Andrew Bernard, * R onan Donovan, Richard Bergl, Martha Robbins,*Dagmar van Weeghel, Mark Edwards, David R. Mills & Panthera, Cleve Hicks


THE - Great Ape Superhero -PROMISE! t Ape Are you ready to become a Grea m Fish & Superhero just like me: Ajani fro ws! Greens Village? That is great ne and learn the Great Ape Just fill in your name on the left your passion and your voice Promise by heart. Remember: have to help the Great are the most effective tools you re The Promise with others Apes! So make sure that you sha a poem out of the words, as well! You can make a song or om to encourage others or you can hang it up in the classro brations in your village. perform The Promise during cele proud! If we all work Whatever you do- make me ngs happen. together we can make big thi

Wherever you live, it’s important that you grow up to become the next generation of environmental stewards. The best way to protect our environment in the future is for you to grow up with a love for Mother Earth! This Great Ape -Education through Entertainment -program with fun films, supporting materials and activities will do just that. We’ll show you how to save the Great Apes, the gorillas, the chimpanzees, the bonobo’s, all our forest cousins..and we will help you do it! The activities you will find in this magazine will suggest fun ways for you to help the world we share, become a “greener” and healthier place for both yourself and the Great Apes. You will find different chapters in these cool Magazines.

You can Discover, Know, Learn, and Take Action yourselves. Enjoy!


THE THREAT OF BUSHMEAT TO OUR GREAT APE FAMILY By Cleve Hicks (Cleve Hicks is a scientist who studies chimpanzees in poorly known parts of Africa.)

There is an old story that you have probably heard, about a young man from the country who left his family’s farm and went to the big city to seek fame and fortune. After years of hard work, he became a millionaire, and forgot about his humble roots. One day, his brother, dressed in simple country garb, came to his house to pay him a visit and ask him for a loan to help the family, who were going through hard times. But he was turned away at the gate by the house guards. When the rich man met his brother in the town square the next day, he pretended he did not recognize him and turned away. The poor brother walked sadly off down the road to return to his family.

This is just how we are treating our closest relatives, the great apes. They need our help, and we are letting them down. Chimpanzees and gorillas are not that different from people. Like us they live in family groups, care for their babies, play together, share food, and belly-laugh. Apes even know how to make tools to help them find and eat food. Given these similarities it is not surprising that scientists have discovered that apes and humans are related species. A long time ago, chimpanzees, gorillas and humans had a common ancestor! But we are not treating our great ape relatives very well. Right now chimpanzees, gorillas and bonobos are being killed for bushmeat and their forest homes are being destroyed. Not long ago there were probably more than a million chimpanzees living in Africa. Today only about one quarter of these survive. Gorillas and bonobos are suffering even more. If we do not do something soon, all the great apes might soon disappear!



{actor playing po

Why is this happening? In many parts of Africa, chimpanzees and gorillas are being heavily hunted. In 2007, when I led a research project in the northern Democratic Republic of the Congo, I saw 42 chimpanzee orphans being offered for sale in towns and along the roads. I also saw 34 chimpanzee bodies being sold for bushmeat. It is likely that for every orphan chimpanzee I saw, 10 more would have been killed: that is a lot of apes being shot. Local people told me that the chimpanzees were being killed because many gold and diamond mines had recently opened in these forests. Thousands of people had settled in the region hoping to ‘get rich quick’. While some local tribes have ancient rules forbidding them to eat the meat of chimpanzees and other animals, the newlyarrived miners were paying money for chimpanzee meat. Ape bones were also used in traditional medicines. As well as eating the bushmeat themselves, the miners use their motorbikes and trucks to transport bushmeat and orphan chimpanzees to the big cities to sell. With this kind of hunting going on it is not surprising that apes are quickly disappearing from the forest.


The Bushmeat Trade could eliminate all viable populations of African apes within the next 5-15 years. Source: Jane Goodall Institute

8000 endangered apes will be hunted and killed this year. Source: www.bushmeat.net

Another reason that apes are vanishing is that their forest homes are being destroyed. In some areas, big international logging companies are cutting highways through the forest and cutting down all the trees to sell in other countries. These companies then replace the forest with plantations of trees that are all the same, like pines , eucalyptus and oil palms. People living around the forest also cut down trees for firewood, building materials or to clear space for new farms. Without their forest homes and no place to find food it is becoming impossible for the great apes to survive.

If nothing is done to change things, most of our great ape cousins may soon be extinct. And the destruction of tropical forests is not slowing down, it is speeding up! If the apes and the forests they live in disappear it will cause problems for all of us. Not only will we have wiped out our closest relatives, but our environment will change. If there are no forests we will not get as much rain, so we won’t be able to grow as many of the crops we need to survive. When it does rain there will be fewer plants to hold the water, so erosion and landslides will be more common. We will also lose access to the forest plants that provide many of us with traditional medicines.

Do you remember the rich young man who ignored his poor brother and left him hungry? It is time we stop being as selfish as he was, and instead remember our family. We are cousins not only of the great apes but of all other life forms on planet Earth. We need to start taking better care of our family for the good of us all.

what The problem we can do? is enormous: 1 To start with we must recognize that the

great apes are our cousins and are suffering because of our actions. People must stop hunting these apes.

2 You yourself can commit to never eating

meat from great apes and encouraging your family and friends not to eat them either. In many places in Africa people have gotten very sick (and even died) from eating ape meat that contained diseases. This means that you will be protecting your own health by not eating them as well!


Instead, help your family to raise chickens or goats, or to catch fish to eat.

4 You can also commit to not cutting down trees in the forest. Try to grow your own firewood on your farm land, build more efficient stoves to save wood,

5 and use animal dung to fertilize your crops

so that you can grow more food without having to cut more forest to make your farm bigger.


T E E F E R A P M O C life sized Place your foot over this nzee foot. drawing of an adult chimpa e? How do they compar


; If you like to get dirty of t in pr r ila make a sim and your foot out of mud or press it onto paper w a surface . Ready! No t in pr ot compare your fo ee nz pa with the chim ly! footprint thorough

The chimp foot requires an opposable “thumb” for grasping tree branches when climbing up and down trees. In the human foot, the big toe points in the same direction as our other toes. When we are walking properly, every step ends with the entire weight of the body on the big toe.

It’s not the same for chimpanzees:

• They are capable of walking upright on two feet for only very short distances before they resort to walking on all fours. This means that their foot is not designed for carrying much weight. • They walk with most of their weight on the padded knuckles of their hands (knuckle walking) . Humans stand on our whole foot. The human foot can carry a lot more weight than a chimpanzee foot, but a chimpanzee foot is better for climbing in trees.


Who are the

Great apes?

Even though gorillas and chimpanzees might look similar, chimpanzees are actually more closely related to humans!

Apes (superfamily Hominoidea) Great apes are our closest living relatives. The great apes include gorillas, chimpanzees, bonobos, and orangutans. Gorillas, chimpanzees, and bonobos live in Africa, while orang-utans live in Asia. Scientists also classify humans as great apes! Here is the family tree of the great apes. It shows the branching of humans and the other great apes from a common ancestor.

Common ancestor


s i T A WH B.


Forward-facing eyes allow humans, apes and other primates to tell how far away things are. This is very important when you live in the trees!

? e t a m i a Pr

Primates are a group of mammals. Primates include great apes, monkeys, and even us humans! Here are some of the things that we all have in common:

A. Finger nails instead of claws B. Opposable thumbs C. Large brains and greater intelligence D. Padded fingers with fingerprints E. - F orward facing eyes (most other animals

have eyes on the side of their head) - Depend more on vision than on smell




All primates including people are good at climbing trees


3. and Tinka’s car broke down


Tinka send me to Mudpound valley to help

11. next day finally to the forest!


A sneeze can kill an ape

My big day..going with 1. Tinka to see the great apes


but all goes wrong, my pants is torn!

Nantale told me her people might 9. be sick from food poisening


10 Tinka brought good news, tomorrow to the forest!

17. and we encountered Gorillas!


A baby!


Then I found something bad ..a bullet!

25. But at night Nantale sees...

26. ..The MP chief with gorilla meat!


Nantale tells Ajani this

..their hunterscamp with more primate meat!


I had to stop them, I’m a junior ranger

the MP chief hiding. he was wounded 42. from gunshot


MP chief and hunters were arrested by Tinka


the truck stopped and we discovered..

41. I discovered I was not shot and


Our forest cousins can be left in peace


Mission accomplished. 50. And I’m real ranger now!!

20. The gorillas are being hunted


preparing the gorilla meat made MP sick!

36. We ran, taking their guns


all safe again And..

I went to see Nantale

5. But everyone in MP is sick!


Tinka explains that we 13. can share diseases with apes

14. Then finally I got to see them!

it’s illegal and dangerous to 21. hunt and prepare primate meat


The Mudpounders made meat soup..



hunters from the city take the gorilla meat


and..caught us!


Together we restored and replanted their land

We went to investigate

37. But the hunters followed


Mudpound people joined our village

Great Ape Superhero!


Nantale’s mother is preparing alot of meat !



8. And making soup out of it


Eyes like us

I asked Nantale what meat her 23. mother used for the soup


But Nantale got upset by my accusations

31. The MP-chief is selling the meat

32. We hid and followed the hunters

Tinka and my mother came looking, gunshot!

40. unconsious but when I woke up


47. We farmed live stock together


Tinka was proud of me

O O T D N A E L P O E P Y N A TOO M S L A M I N A D FEW WIL Hunting for the meat of wild animals has become the biggest threat to the future of wildlife; it has already resulted in some wild animals going extinct in African forests. Many animals are now endangered. People have hunted wild animals in Africa for a long time. Many of our great-great grandfathers were hunters. The difference is that in the old days there were many fewer people living in and around the forest. This meant that their hunting habits did not affect the animals so much. Today, however, there are many more people than there used to be! There is also a lot less forest, since all of these people need a whole lot of food, and the forests have been cut to make more farms. With so many hungry people and a rapidly shrinking forest, the demand for bushmeat has gotten out of control. There are now too many people and too few wild animals. If we keep hunting them they will all disappear! This is why hunting apes and selling their meat is illegal. If you hunt apes or sell their meat you could be fined, arrested and even sent to prison.


HUNTING GREAT APES Great Apes are endangered because of bushmeat hunting. Not only are they killed for their meat and body parts, but baby chimpanzees, gorillas and bonobos are often orphaned when their parents are killed for their meat. The orphans are then kept as pets in people’s villages and houses where they frequently get sick and die.

DON’T GET SICK Even though some people like to eat meat from apes it can make you very sick. In some parts of Africa people have even died from eating ape meat! Because apes are our close relatives, the things that make them sick can make us sick as well. In some African countries people have eaten meat from apes that were carrying a disease called Ebola. Ebola is a very dangerous disease and many of the people who ate the ape meat died. They even passed the disease on to other people, so people who didn’t eat the meat got sick as well. Other bushmeat can carry diseases as well. The best thing to do is to not each bushmeat at all, but especially not meat from gorillas, chimpanzees, or bonobos.



Great Apes are going Extinct: Why should you care?

Gorilla and Chimpanzee are Endangered Species. They might be going Extinct in the next couple of decades. But what do these terms actually mean?

Humans play a big role in the disappearance of all Great Apes. As a result of habitat loss, poaching, pollution and several other factors. Not many are left in the wild. So why should you care?



Endangered animals and plants are at risk of extinction - there are so few of them that they might soon be wiped out altogether .

•b  oth humans and Great Apes belong to the Primate family. Apes


• you  should be proud to have the last remaining great apes on

are 98-99%% human! They deserve to live in peace, make babies and have a home just like us.

Extinction of a particular animal or plant species occurs when there are no more individuals of that species alive anywhere in the world - the species has died out.

your doorstep. In fact, many people from all over the world travel to your country to see them! •e  ventually Great Ape extinction will affect humans too. Apes are

part of ecosystems-communities of living things and their environments that interact and are linked together. They are part of the web of life. Losing one species can greatly disturb the balance within an ecosystem and trigger the loss of several other species. So each species’ role is unique and when one species dies, the entire ecosystem will be affected. Everything is connected. If the gorillas’ and chimpanzees’ habitat is destroyed, countless other animal and plant life will also lose their home and be at risk of dying out. So the result of extinction is a chain reaction and at some point humans (yes YOU!) will be affected too.

INTERVIEW A CHIMPANZEE So now you have learned all there is to know about protecting the Great Apes. Here is a fun activity to test your knowledge!

• Food • The Forest • Farming • Logging • Poaching / hunting • Extinction

• Bushmeat • Diseases • Lost friends • Man • The future

Take turns in role playing the interviewer and chimpanzee. Change partners and discuss what you heard from previous partners!! 11

GORILLA GAME Unfortunately, hunting and the destruction of forests in which the great apes live, still occurs. Play this game to learn how to conserve the gorillas! You will probably need to make a dice yourself, with the numbers 1 to 6 marked on each side. You can make one out of a square stone or make one from clay. Rules: The game can be played by two or more players. Each player has a counter (you can use stones in different shapes or colors! ), which is placed on square one, the starting square.

Take it in turns to roll the dice and move forward across the board. • If you land at the bottom of a liana, you have done something to protect the gorillas, so climb up to the nest at the top. • If you land at the top of a hunting spear, you have done something to threaten the survival of the gorillas and their forest, so slide down to the bottom. • If you roll a 6 on the dice, you get another turn.

The first player to reach square 100, the finishing square, is the winner!


Help save


Color this Gorilla picture, add a message to your President and give it to your teacher in school. We’ll gather all your messages and send it to him. Show him that the children in your country care about the Great Apes! You will be a true

Great Ape Superhero!

Dear Mr President, I am asking you to help protect the Great Apes in our country, because . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .............................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................. .............................................................................................................. * Write to him about the importance of conserving Great Apes habitat and about the necessity of making laws that protect the Great Apes.


s e i t i v Acti MES &GA


Here are several words that describe Ajani’s Great Ape Adventures: Hunters in the Forest. See if you can find them in the search below. You might find them horizontal, vertical backwards or even diagonal! Circle the words as you find them and check each one of that you’ve found.

Find the following hidden words: bushmeat illegal mudpound poacher hunterscamp bullet sadness ajani disease

sickness dangerous gorilla chimpanzee extinct forestcousins protect nantale chief

! e m a g a y a l p s ’ Let 1. A  ppoint a game master. Stand in a circle. In the middle of the circle lies a ball on the floor (made out of plastic and rope for instance). Pretend the ball is the fruit. 2. One player stands outside the circle, he is the Gorilla! At first the Gorilla does not face the group- his back must face the circle. 3. The game master must now secretly appoint a Defender from the rest of the group. The gorilla should not know who the defender is. 4. Next the gorilla must attempt to take the fruit out of the circle, without the defender tagging it. The defender may only tag the fruit after the gorilla has touched it first! 5. The gorilla must leave the circle with the fruit through the same opening through which he has come in!


Minimum PLAYERS = 8 Maximum PLAYERS = 30

The Gorilla wants the fruit




a Chimpanzee



Let’s learn how to draw a Chimpanzee doing some Knuckle walking!

Step 1 D raw the chimpanzees head (and ears) first- his body and backside

Step 2 Draw the back legs and his face Step 3 D raw his strong front arms, hands and feet. Step 4

And his eyebrows! F  inish of by drawing his eyes, nose and mouth.

Well done!

WHA T IS I Conn disco ect the d ot ve poac r who w s with a pe as hers! Start rescued ncil and from at nu ba m way to th ber 1 all d the e num ber 3 5!




Cut out Ajani’s badge and experience it!

1. 2. 3. 4.

Carefully cut out around the badge. Make a hole on the top (where there is a circle) where you can attach rope or some string. Make a loop and tie it with a knot. Hang it on a button of your shirt, coat, or uniform: Hello Junior Ranger of Fish&Greens!

Profile for Stichting Nature for Kids

3/ Hunters in the Forest / Primate Bushmeat  

Ajani's Great ape Adventures Film series Nature for Kids/ complementing print materials /english

3/ Hunters in the Forest / Primate Bushmeat  

Ajani's Great ape Adventures Film series Nature for Kids/ complementing print materials /english