Page 1

DEEp sECRETS Solving the mystery of the H.L. Hunley

SC Sto r i e s

Dwelling in the past

SC Tr av e ls

Secrets of the Maya

Humor Me

February 2013

Kicking the bucket list

It can kill.

Stealing copper from an electric utility can get you the death penalty. In fact, last year more than 25 people nationwide were killed while stealing copper. Copper theft is not only illegal, it endangers the lives of utility workers and homeowners. • Report copper theft • You do not have to give your name • Become eligible for a reward up to $1,000


THE MAGAZINE FOR COOPERATIVE MEMBERS Vol. 67 • No. 2 (ISSN 0047-486X, USPS 316-240) Read in more than 450,000 homes and businesses and published monthly except in December by The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. 808 Knox Abbott Drive Cayce, SC 29033

February 2013 • Volume 67, Number 2

Tel:  (803) 926-3 1 75 Fax:  (803) 796-6064 Email: EDITOR


Diane Veto Parham


12 Deep secrets

A team of scientists has spent the last 12 years trying to solve one of the greatest mysteries of the Civil War: What happened to the H.L. Hunley? A newly restored artifact may unlock the answer.



Pam Martin


Sharri Harris Wolfgang DESIGNER

Susan Collins PRODUCTION

Andrew Chapman

Mic smith



Susan Scott Soyars Contributors

Becky Billingsley, Mike Couick, Carrie B. Hirsch, Jan A. Igoe, Charles Joyner

4 CO-OP CONNECTION Cooperative news



Tel:  (800) 984-0887 Dan Covell Email: Keegan Covell Email:

A new state license plate honors educator and civil rights pioneer Mary McLeod Bethune. Plus: Ali Rogers, Miss South Carolina 2012, on her “little 10-day vacation” competing in the Miss America pageant.

National Country Market Tel:  (800) NCM-1181 Paid advertisements are not endorsements by any electric cooperative or this publication. If you encounter a difficulty with an advertisement, inform the Editor.




to your local co-op. Postmaster: Send Form 3579 to Address Change, c/o the address above.



National Representation

10 Men of distinction

© COPYRIGHT 201 3. The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina, Inc. No portion of South Carolina Living may be reproduced without permission of the Editor. is brought to you by your member-owned, taxpaying, not-for-profit electric cooperative to inform you about your cooperative, wise energy use and the faces and places that identify the Palmetto State. Electric cooperatives are South Carolina’s — and America’s — largest utility network.

19 Exploring the past

Joseph McGill Jr. is on a personal quest to identify and preserve former slave quarters—and the stories they tell about our past. TR AVELS

20 Discovering an

American civilization

Consult your 5,000-year calendar and schedule a date to see the fascinating Secrets of the Maya exhibit at the S.C. State Museum. There’s more to this ancient culture than just doomsday prophecies.

20 28


22 The Cottage

Leslie Rohland’s Bluffton eatery serves up a “Southern eclectic” menu that’s healthy and delicious.




milton morris

Meet two inspiring South Carolinians who overcame prejudice and segregation to make our state a better place to live.

Periodicals postage paid at Columbia, S.C., and additional mailing offices.


24 Cozy comfort food

Mary’s shepherd’s pie Flourless peanut butter chocolate chip cookies PB & J smoothie Spinach and cheese casserole



Printed on recycled paper

Member of the NCM network of publications, reaching more than 7 million homes and businesses



There’s only one rule to live by when compiling your “gotta do it” list—go big, or go home.

Solving the mystery of the H.L. Hunley

SC Sto r i e S


Dwelling in the past

SC tr av e l S

Secrets of the Maya

Humor me

Kicking the bucket list February 2013

Library of Congress, Carl Van Vechten Collection

30 A bucket list to die for

Archaeologists have found important new evidence that may solve the 149-year-old mystery surrounding the sinking of the Civil War submarine H.L. Hunley. Photo by Mic Smith.

On the Agenda For a listing p m co lete s, see of Event 8 page 2



On the Run


The BI-LO Myrtle Beach Marathon “runs wild” this year with elephants, chimps and tiger cubs at its Feb. 14–16 events—the race raises funds for the Rare Species Fund. Now in its 36th year, Greenville’s 5K/10K TD Bank Reedy River Run attracts regulars back every March to “run the Reedy,” finishing in front of scenic Falls Park downtown. The second annual Columbia SC Marathon expects runners from nearly every state at its March 9 races, all ending downtown with festivities on the State House lawn. All races welcome cheering spectators at the finish line. For details, visit or call (843) 293-7223; or call (864) 303-0744; or call (803) 730-3663.


African-American Heritage Day

Modern-day students and centuries-old African-American traditions will meet at North Charleston’s Wannamaker County Park for a day-long exploration of culture, history and hands-on learning. Teachers can register elementary- and middle-school groups to come discover capoeira, a martial arts form disguised and preserved as dance by slaves; drumming, Gullah storytelling and sweetgrass basketry; and re-enactors of the 54th Regiment Massachusetts, among the first African-American soldiers in the Civil War. For details, visit or call (843) 795-4386.


Southeastern Wildlife Exposition

You love wildlife, you love art—you belong at SEWE, the nation’s largest wildlife art and nature event. Crowds flock to Charleston for a weekend showcase of paintings, carvings, sculpture, decoy art, DockDogs jumping competitions and the sporting lifestyle. Celebrity guest Julie Scardina (left), known to TV audiences as the animal ambassador from SeaWorld and Busch Gardens, will lead up-close shows with alligators, bobcats and other wildlife. For details, visit or call (843) 723-1748.


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |


Hilton Head Island Wine & Food Festival Booted too soon, some say, from “Food Network Star” competition in 2011, charismatic Lowcountry chef Orchid Paulmeier will dazzle spectators in live gourmet cooking demos March 9 at Coastal Discovery Museum at Honey Horn. After a week of “Great Chefs of the South Wine Dinners,” this gourmand’s festival finishes well with two days of wine tastings (take home a souvenir glass), auctions and an artisan market of foods and wines, plus a bartender’s challenge and waiter’s race.

For details, visit or call (843) 686-4944.


30th Annual National Shag Dance Championships

Dancing as a spectator sport will lure fans to the nation’s longest-running shag contest at the Spanish Galleon in North Myrtle Beach, with more than $17,000 in prizes for the winners. Special celebrity video tributes (one from Conway native and famed letter-turner Vanna White) and a salute to veterans are on tap, not to mention world-class shagging by contestants and the Championships 2013 Dance Team. For details, visit or call (843) 222-6706.


Competing for the crown She didn’t claim Miss America’s crown,

energy efficiency tip

Photos by B. Varta n Boya jian/MAO

but Miss South Carolina, Ali Rogers, sure made the competition exciting. Favored to win by Las Vegas oddsmakers, Rogers was a contender right up until the climactic moment that Miss New York, Mallory Hagan, was named Miss America 2013 on Jan. 12. Rogers is the first S.C. contestant to reach first runner-up status in the national pageant since 1990. “I was saying, ‘Holy cow, holy cow, holy cow’” while waiting on stage beside Hagan for the final announcement, Rogers said. “I didn’t feel my heart beating or my hands shaking until we came out on stage for the top five,” she said. “I realized I could actually win this thing and be swept off my feet, taken to New York and not see my family again until Easter.” Now Rogers says she is excited about “coming home, jumping right back into my full-time job as Miss

South Carolina” after what she calls “a little 10-day vacation.” The thrills came early during pageant week in Las Vegas, as Rogers won the Tuesday swimsuit preliminary (her trademark blue polish on her toes). On Wednesday, she was

Your heat pump can use 10 percent to 25 percent more energy if it’s not properly maintained, which includes regularly checking and replacing the air filter when it’s dirty to keep parts from working too hard or even becoming damaged. Keep brush and plants tidy around the outdoor unit, and dust the return registers inside. For more details on heat pump maintenance, visit Source: U.S. Department of Energy

honored as top fundraiser for the Children’s Miracle Network Hospitals, the pageant’s charity. During the live pageant broadcast, viewers learned that Rogers placed second in online public voting for favorite contestant video. In the talent competition, she played an energetic piano rendition of The Jackson Five’s “I Want You Back.” Rogers finished the competition with $31,000 in scholarships—$25,000 as runner-up, $1,000 for her preliminary win and $5,000 for her fundraising efforts. She’ll return to her studies at Clemson in August, after crowning the next Miss South Carolina in July. A native of Laurens County and the daughter of Alex and Adair Rogers, members of Laurens Electric Cooperative, she was one of the co-op’s delegates to the 2009 Washington Youth Tour. —Diane Veto Parham   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


On the Agenda New license plate pays tribute to Bethune Her portrait hangs in the S.C. State House. She has been honored with a monument in Washington, D.C., a U.S. Postal Service stamp, and two homes listed as national historic sites. Schools across the country bear her name. Now South Carolinians will see the name and face of Sumter County native Mary McLeod Bethune across the state on a new special license plate that recognizes Bethune’s extraordinary accomplishments and national impact in education and civil rights. The new plate was conceived by Jereleen Holliman-Miller, Bethune’s great-grandniece, and her husband, Ed, members of Black River Electric Cooperative. “A lot of children do not know

about Mary McLeod Bethune or even that she’s from South Carolina,” Miller says. “But that’s our daughter, that’s our history.” Bethune’s remarkable achievements grew from her commitment to improving the lives of AfricanAmericans through education. Born in Mayesville in 1875 to former slaves, she rose to prominence as an educator, founding Bethune-Cookman University in Daytona, Fla., and For information on how to request a Mary McLeod Bethune license plate, visit or go to a local branch of the S.C. Department of Motor Vehicles.


Ina Peters/iStock

H.L. Hunley Slideshow: Learn more about our cover story and the Hunley’s fateful 1864 mission by watching a slideshow of CGI illustrations by Columbia artist Dan Dowdey. Ali Rogers Photo Gallery: See how Ali Rogers represented South Carolina with grace and style during the Miss America Competition. S.C. Stories: Find out where the Slave Dwelling Project will take founder Joseph McGill Jr. in 2013. S.C. Gardener: Don’t miss these expert tips for a weed-free lawn. t Chef’s Choice: Dig into homemade pistachio cream cake, courtesy of a bonus recipe from The Cottage in Bluffton. Energy Q&A: Insulating your garage door is an easy do-it-yourself job. Here’s how to get started.

Like us on Facebook Let the world know how much you enjoy living in South Carolina by liking our page at


GONE FISHIN’ The Vektor Fish & Game Forecast provides feeding and migration times. Major periods can bracket the peak by an hour. Minor peaks, ½ hour before and after. Minor

AM Major


PM Major


17 — 9:46 — 6:31 18 — 10:31 — 8:01 19 9:01 5:01 12:46 9:01 20 9:46 5:01 2:16 9:46 21 10:16 5:01 3:16 10:16 22 10:46 5:16 4:01 10:46 23 11:16 5:46 4:46 11:16 24 11:46 6:01 5:16 11:46 25 — 6:16 12:16 6:01 26 6:46 12:16 12:46 6:46 27 7:01 12:46 7:31 1:16 28 1:31 7:31 8:16 2:01


1 2:01 2 2:31 3 3:01 4 1:16 5 3:16 6 8:46 7 9:46 8 10:31 9 11:01 10 11:31 11 — 12 6:31 13 12:46 14 1:16 15 1:46 16 2:01

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

7:46 9:16 2:46 8:16 10:46 3:31 9:01 — 4:46 9:46 — 6:31 11:16 — 7:46 3:46 1:16 9:01 4:31 2:46 9:46 4:46 3:46 10:31 5:16 4:46 11:16 5:46 5:31 11:46 6:01 6:16 12:01 12:16 6:46 12:46 6:46 7:31 1:16 7:16 8:16 1:46 7:31 9:01 2:16 7:46 10:01 3:01

serving as an advisor to President Franklin Roosevelt. “Dr. Bethune left a blazing trail, not just in South Carolina,” Miller says. “That’s a great legacy that lives on and gives hope.” The Bethune license plate is the first in the state to honor an individual. The fee for the plate is $30 every two years. Proceeds will support S.C. projects and tourism related to Bethune, including a planned museum and restaurant, a nature trail and scholarships. —Diane Veto Parham

S.C.RAMBLE! By Charles Joyner, See Answer ON Page 26

Word play To go from NORTH to SOUTH you must change a letter, drop a letter or add a letter in each interim step to spell a new word. You can rearrange letters in any step. Note: Your answer may be different from mine. NORTH

_____ ____ SOUTH

Write SCL Letters to the editor

We love hearing from our readers. Tell us what you think about this issue, send us story suggestions or just let us know what’s on your mind by writing to Letters, South Carolina Living, 808 Knox Abbott Drive, Cayce, SC 29033. You can also email us at or send a note by fax to (803) 796-6064. All letters received are subject to editing before publication.

custoM hoMes on Your lot • our PlAn or Yours

Build it the MAdiSON WAy

Invest in efficiency

No costly construction loan required.

We pay standard closing costs.

No down payment required.

Free site evaluation.

Stick-built homes starting at $66/sq ft.

The benefits of some home efficiency investments aren’t seen as quickly as others. Here’s how a few upgrades compare over time:

Madison homebuilders

Set water heater to 120° No cost; save $73/year Open window blinds in winter; close in summer No cost; save $35/year Adjust thermostat 1° down in winter, 1° up in summer No cost; save $82/year

For A Free Brochure With Floor PlAns, cAll us or Visit our WeBsite

Charlotte, NC 1-800-957-9304

Conover, NC 1-866-847-6815

Columbia, SC 1-888-745-1011 New ‘LOWER RATES’ Now Available for South Carolina Residents!


Long-term investment

1–5 year payback


Real People...Real Results 1.800.372.2570

ENERGY STAR refrigerator Costs $97 extra; save $100/year ENERGY STAR clothes washer Costs $194 extra; save $140/year Wrap hot water tank Costs $85; save $23/year Upgrade to ENERGY STAR heat pump (from 10 to 15 SEER) Costs $5,700; save $408/year Applications accepted 24 hours a day, 7 days a week!

No Upfront Fees • Purchase • Refinance Debt Consolidation • Home Improvement Not-So-Perfect Credit • Previous Bankruptcy OK Second Homes OK • Refi Double Wide/Lands

WOW! 2.62%

Find more ways to save at Source: U.S. Department of Energy Home Energy Saver, Touchstone Energy® Cooperatives. Based on national average savings; actual savings will vary by climate.

Lending to SC homeowners for more than 15 years!

NMLS # 64132

Sample loan





$75,000.00 $125,000.00 $200,000.00

$331.57 $544.01 $870.41

30 yr. Fixed 30 yr. Fixed 30 yr. Fixed

3.37% 3.25% 3.12%

3.75% 3.49% 3.40%

$75,000.00 $125,000.00 $200,000.00

$513.44 $855.73 $1,345.48

15 yr. Fixed 15 yr. Fixed 15 yr. Fixed

2.87% 2.75% 2.62%

3.31% 3.19% 2.98%

Headquarters: 410 D Veterans Rd. Columbia, SC 29209 • GA Lender # 15080, NMLS # 64132

Instant benefit

Charlotte, Conover & Columbia

up to in Free $5,000 Free Gr options or anite counte Kitchen rtops

*Conforming, FIXED Rate, loan examples for 80% LTV, owner occupied, rate/term, refinance or purchase transactions and 740 preferred score. All products allow principle payments at any time without penalty. Other rates, terms and products available. Call about Scores down to 600, Cash Out, Debt Consolidation, Double Wides with Land, FHA to 97.5% LTV, ARM & JUMBO Loans, Interest Only, Former Bankruptcy, etc. Ask about our 10- and 20-year terms. Rates/Terms are subject to market conditions and experience movement each business day. Certain restrictions apply.

Call TODAY! Don’t miss out on a chance to get the lowest rates ‘EVER’ OffERED!   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



Men of distinction Every February since 1976, our nation has observed African-American History Month as a way to recognize inspiring leaders and signature events in the evolution of the country. This month, in schools across the state, our children will read about icons like Frederick Douglass, Harriet Tubman, George Washington Carver, Martin Luther King Jr. and South Carolina’s own Mary McLeod Bethune (see page 8), but for every one of these celebrated leaders, there are millions of everyday people who overcame racism and prejudice. I’d like to introduce you to two such South Carolinians I’ve been honored to know personally.

William “Bill” Clinton

I met Bill Clinton during the September Honor Flight. A native of Lancaster, Bill was drafted into the U.S. Army while at Benedict College and served in the Philippines under Gen. Douglas MacArthur. In the Philippines, Bill says, the troops— African-Americans and whites—“ate, slept and prayed together.” When the troop ship came back to America, and Bill disembarked in Seattle, he saw two signs: one saying “Colored on this side” and one saying “White on this side.” “I thought we had paid the price,” he recalls. “Needless to say, the excitement about returning home was dampened.” In 1947, Bill met and married his wife, Mildred. When Mildred became pregnant, he searched for a better job. He found it with an aerospace company in Buffalo, N.Y., and the young family became part of a postwar population shift that saw millions of African-Americans go north to seek economic opportunity and escape the 10

Deep South. Bill worked hard, rose through the ranks, invested wisely in rental properties and enjoyed a full, prosperous life. The power of “home,” or, in this case, South Carolina, maintained a strong tug on Bill and Mildred’s hearts. They came back to Lancaster in 2005, where they live on 20 acres with their daughter, Miriam, and their granddaughter, Ebony.

Harold Rhodes Jr.

Harold Rhodes has huge hands—ones calloused by laying brick from 1958 to 1996. He would routinely lay 800 bricks a day. Harold would lift and lay nearly 8 million bricks, weighing 39,520,000 pounds, during his career. Bricklaying was not Harold’s first experience with hard working selfemployment. His community of Neyles Crossroads in Colleton County was close-knit. The baseball games were played in a field right behind Harold’s family’s house. “I used to sell drinking water to those boys playing ball, for five cents a quart,” he recalls. “My best days were the Fourth of July and Labor Day. I’d sell 40 quarts of water, make $2.” Harold loved where he lived. Later, he and his wife, Juanita, bought 13 acres around the “old home place” that his ancestors, emancipated slaves, had purchased a century earlier. There, they raised seven children: a dentist, a CPA, a courier, a teacher, a police chief and two business executives, who became moms, dads and pillars of their communities across the Southeast. Their love of the home place now extends to their 12 grandchildren and two great-grandchildren.

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

After serving in the U.S. Army during World War II, Bill Clinton (left) lived the American dream. Harold Rhodes is rarely without his cowboy hat and a smile.

Harold’s community loves him. He was elected to the Coastal Electric Cooperative board in 1993 and continues to serve. Whenever you see him, he will be in a hat, usually cowboy, and beaming a smile. He calls me “young man.” If the day’s events have knocked me down a bit, Harold will pick me up with his sense of optimism, grounded not in simplicity but in his certainty that we can achieve almost anything—one brick at a time.

Fast Forward to 2013

As I watched the swearing in for a second term of the nation’s first African-American president on Martin Luther King Jr. Day, I was moved by a portion of Myrlie EversWilliams’ invocation: “We ask, too, Almighty, that where our paths seem blanketed by [throngs] of oppression and riddled by pangs of despair, we ask for your guidance toward the light of deliverance. And that the vision of those that came before us and dreamed of this day, that we recognize that their visions still inspire us.” And among those who came before us, thank you, Bill and Harold.

President and CEO, The Electric Cooperatives of South Carolina Mike Couick


o N tra on C

Finally, a cell phone NEW that’s… a phone


Introducing the all-new Jitterbug® Plus. We’ve made it even better… without making it harder to use. All my friends have new cell phones. They carry them around with them all day, like mini computers, with little tiny keyboards and hundreds of programs which are supposed to make their life easier. Trouble is… my friends can’t use them. The keypads are too small, the displays are hard to see and the phones are so complicated that my friends end up borrowing my Jitterbug when they need to make a call. I don’t mind… I just got a new phone too… the new Jitterbug Plus. Now I have all the things I loved about my Jitterbug phone along with some great new features that make it even better! GreatCall® created the Jitterbug with one thing in mind – to offer people a cell phone that’s easy to see and hear, simple to use and affordable. Now, they’ve made the cell phone experience even better with the Jitterbug Plus. It features a lightweight, comfortable design with a backlit keypad and big, legible numbers. There is even a dial tone so you know the phone is ready to use. You can also increase the volume with one touch and the speaker’s been improved so you get great audio quality and can hear every word. The battery has been improved too– it’s one of the longest lasting on the market– so you won’t have to charge it as often. The phone comes to you with your account already set up and is easy to activate.

Monthly Minutes



DoubleTime 200



Operator Assistance



911 Access



No add’l charge

No add’l charge





30 days

30 days

Monthly Rate

Long Distance Calls Voice Dial Nationwide Coverage Friendly Return Policy


More minute plans available. Ask your Jitterbug expert for details.

Since there is no contract to sign, you are not locked in for years at a time and won’t be subject to early termination fees. Now, when you sign up for our Basic 19 plan, you’ll double your monthly minutes for the same price. The U.S.-based customer service is knowledgeable and helpful and the phone gets service virtually anywhere in the continental U.S. Above all, you’ll get one-touch access to a friendly, and helpful GreatCall operator. They can look up numbers, and even dial them for you! They are always there to help you when you need them.

DoubleTime! Double your monthly minutes for life with activation by 03/31/13

Order now and receive a FREE Car Charger for your Jitterbug – a $24.99 value. Call now!

Basic 19

Basic 14


The rate plans are simple too. Why pay for minutes you’ll never use? There are a variety of affordable plans. Plus, you don’t have to worry about finding yourself stuck with no minutes– that’s the problem with prepaid phones.

ng Sou Bett er nd er Ba a tte nd ry Li fe

Available in Silver and Red.

Call now and get a FREE Car Charger – a $24.99 value. Try the Jitterbug Plus for yourself for 30 days and if you don’t love it, just return it for a refund1 of the product purchase price. Call now – helpful Jitterbug experts are ready to answer your questions.

Jitterbug Plus Cell Phone Ask how you can get DoubleTime for Life! Please mention promotional code 49522.


We proudly accept the following credit cards.


IMPORTANT CONSUMER INFORMATION: DoubleTime offer valid on Basic 19 Plan and applies to new GreatCall customers only. Offer ends 3/31/13. Offer valid until plan is changed or cancelled. All GreatCall phones require a one-time set up fee of $35. Coverage and service are not available everywhere. You will not be able to make 9-1-1 calls when cellular service is not available. Rate plans do not include government taxes or assessment surcharges and are subject to change. No roaming or long distance charges for domestic calls within the U.S. There are no additional fees to call GreatCall’s 24-hour U.S. Based Customer Service. However, for calls to an Operator in which a service is completed, minutes will be deducted from your monthly balance equal to the length of the call and any call connected by the Operator, plus an additional 5 minutes. 1 We will refund the full price of the GreatCall phone if it is returned within 30 days of purchase in like-new condition. We will also refund your first monthly service charge if you have less than 30 minutes of usage. If you have more than 30 minutes of usage, a per minute charge of 35 cents will apply for each minute over 30 minutes. The activation fee and shipping charges are not refundable. Jitterbug and GreatCall are registered trademarks of GreatCall, Inc. Samsung is a registered trademark of Samsung Electronics Co., Ltd. Copyright ©2012 Samsung Telecommunications America, LLC. Copyright ©2012 GreatCall, Inc. Copyright ©2012 by firstSTREET for Boomers and Beyond, Inc. All rights reserved.



Illustration by Daniel Dowdey

New discoveries may solve the mystery of the H.L. Hunley


Hands clad in blue latex gloves, Paul Mardikian gently lifts the artifact that may unlock the 149-year-old mystery of the Civil War sub­ marine H.L. Hunley. “This is really interesting,” he says cradling the object in his palms the way a parent holds a newborn child. “It is changing the way we are looking at the attack on the Housatonic.” Interesting? It’s a corroded piece of steel pipe, about the length of a man’s forearm, and so fragile that it could easily snap. The pipe is capped on one end by a jagged blossom of discolored copper sheathing that is held in place by a rusted iron bolt. To my untrained eye, it looks like a household plumbing project gone horribly wrong, but if this object is a vital link to the past, Mardikian would know. As the senior conservator


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

at the Warren Lasch Conservation Center in North Charleston, he’s been working for the past 12 years as part of a multi-disciplinary team examining every square inch of the historic sub. Under the direction of Senior Archaeologist Maria Jacobsen, scientists with the Clemson University Restoration Institute are using hightech tools and painstaking forensic techniques to restore and analyze artifacts recovered from the first submarine to sink a ship in combat. The team’s discoveries so far have made international headlines, been profiled in National Geographic documentaries and caused historians to rewrite much of the sub’s history, but the researchers are still working to answer the question: What sank the Hunley? The piece in Mardikian’s hands has the

potential to unlock the answer, and Jacobsen calls the humble artifact “one of the most important finds to date.” “This may be the closest thing that we in archaeology find in terms of the proverbial smoking gun,” she says.

Sailing into history

Illustrations by Daniel Dowdey

Ever since the night of Feb. 17, 1864, when the Hunley sank the Union warship USS Housatonic and failed to return to port, the fate of the submarine has been the source of endless speculation. The conventional narrative of the attack went something like this: Shortly after sundown, Lt. George Dixon and his crew squeezed into the cramped confines of their human-powered submarine. Affixed to a wooden spar atop the wedge-shaped bow was the sub­marine’s only weapon, a torpedo (today we’d call it a mine) filled with 60 to 70 pounds of black powder and fitted with a spiked barb. Around 7 p.m., Dixon sealed the forward hatch and guided the Hunley away from its dock on the back side of Sullivan’s Island. The sub caught the outgoing tide flowing through Breach Inlet and

turned toward the nearest Union blockade ship anchored offshore. Hunley’s twin conning towers rode just above the water’s surface, allowing Dixon to peer through two round view ports as the sub neared the 205-foot hull of USS Housatonic. Union lookouts spotted the sub, sounded the alarm and began firing their rifles at the approaching object, but Dixon continued the charge, ramming the barb of the torpedo into the wooden hull near the stern on the starboard side. The barb held the torpedo in place as the sub backed away to a safe distance, spooling out a 100-foot lanyard that pulled tight and triggered the mine. The explosion effectively destroyed the stern of the Union ship, which sank within five minutes. In the chaos that followed the blast, witnesses on shore and aboard the Housatonic claim to have seen a blue light thought to be Dixon’s signal to shore indicating a successful mission, but the sub and her crew were never seen again.

Trail of evidence

Mic smith

The fate of the sub is a tantalizing mystery made all the more so by the scarcity of reliable, first-hand information about the boat and her mission. Dixon and his crew had vanished, and few of the men who previously sailed the vessel survived the experience. On two separate training missions before the Housatonic attack, the submarine had flooded and plunged to the bottom of Charleston Harbor. The accidents killed 13 men, including Horace Lawson Hunley, a New Orleans attorney and would-be privateer who spearheaded the craft’s construction.

Hunley goes to war: Columbia artist

Dan Dowdey envisions the history-making attack on the USS Housatonic in a series of CGI images (opposite page and above). Around 8:45 p.m., lookouts on the Union warship spotted the approaching sub and opened fire with small arms, aiming at the candlelight visible through the forward conning tower view ports. The Housatonic was a formidable part of the Union blockade, but the tiny submarine’s wellplaced torpedo easily sank the 205-foot warship. New evidence: Senior Conservator Paul Mardikian inspects the artifact that may unlock the mystery of what happened to the Confederate submarine after the attack.   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Deep secrets

Hunley facts Length: 39 feet, 5 inches Height: 4 feet, 3 inches Beam (width): 3 feet, 6 inches

Illustration by Daniel Dowdey

Ahead of its time: The Hunley’s hydrodynamic hull—

made from riveted iron plates—was a marvel of 1860s engineering. Her innovations included the diving planes, snorkel device, cutwaters to minimize surface ripples around the conning towers, a propeller shroud and a system of pumps and valves to control buoyancy. The captain piloted the sub from the forward conning tower while a crew of seven men turned hand cranks to propel it through the water. Hull plates removed during excavation of the sub provide visitors a glimpse of the hand cranks and the cramped interior.

Inside view:

Confederates twice raised the sub and put it back into service, an indication of their desperate need to break the Union blockade; however, the “fish boat” was never an officially commissioned warship, and few records of her remain. Until recently, historians had to piece together highly speculative stories based on scattered—and often contradictory—sources, including an 1863 oil painting by Conrad Wise Chapman and accounts published in newspapers decades after the war. That began to change in 1995 when a team of divers found the submarine intact and buried in the sand 300 yards seaward of the Housatonic wreck site. In August of 2000, recovery experts lifted the sub from the seafloor and placed it in the conservation center’s 90,000-gallon indoor tank, where scientists could control the process of corrosion that threatened to consume the iron hull. Like crime-scene detectives working a “cold case,” the researchers began gathering evidence to replace historical speculation with fact.

Mic smith

Named for: Horace Lawson Hunley, a New Orleans lawyer who spearheaded construction of the sub. The “fish boat” was given Hunley’s name after he and seven crewmembers died when the sub flooded during an October 1863 test dive in Charleston Harbor. Construction: The submarine was assembled at the Park & Lyons Machine Shop in Mobile, Ala., in the summer of 1863. After a successful test in Mobile Bay, it was shipped by rail to Charleston for use against the Union blockade. Predecessors: The experimental sub was owned by a group of businessmen who built two earlier submarines—the Pioneer, which was scuttled in a New Orleans canal when the city fell to Union forces, and the American Diver, which sank in Mobile Bay during testing.

Like crime-scene detectives working a “cold case,” the researchers began gathering evidence to replace historical speculation with fact.

Historians misinterpreted it, but Conrad Wise Chapman’s 1863 painting turns out to be a highly accurate and detailed depiction of the Hunley. Case in point: When divers recovered the spar, they found it attached to the bow on a pivot fitting visible in the artwork. The wooden mast on the bow’s peak was used to raise and lower the spar.

Historical revision

The Museum of the Confederacy


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

The first major revision to the Hunley narrative came from the unexpected discovery of the spar. Based on the Chapman painting, which shows a wooden pole protruding off the top peak of the Hunley’s bow, most people assumed that was how the sub carried its weapon. But as divers uncovered the intact vessel, they discovered the actual spar was a 16-foot-long steel pipe that was still attached to the bottom of the bow. The spar was encased in a thick envelope of concretion—a rock-like combination of sand, shell and corrosion that forms around metal objects submerged in salt water—indicating an advanced state of decay. The tip of the spar actually broke off when divers tried to bring it to

the surface, but both pieces were recovered and placed in a conservation tank before the team turned its attention to the complicated task of raising the hull. Excavating the silt-packed interior of the submarine quickly took top priority, so the spar pieces were left to stabilize in a preservative sodium-hydroxide solution. For the past 10 years, they’ve been on public display during weekend tours of the lab.

Warren Lasch Conservation Center

Painstaking work: Senior Conservator Paul Mardikian uses a pneumatic chisel to scrape away concretion from the severely corroded spar. Rewriting history: The rusted bolt and

deformed copper sheathing of the spar tip match a technical drawing of a large Singer torpedo, forcing historians to rethink how the Hunley attacked the Housatonic.

Mic smith

Warren Lasch Conservation Center

The spar tip rose to the top of the conservation priority list late last summer. Using X-rays to guide him, Mardikian began chiseling away the concretion, bit by tiny bit, until he found the original surfaces of the artifact underneath. Conventional wisdom held that he would find the remains of a fitting that would have allowed the torpedo to slip off the spar, but the artifact emerging before him was something entirely different. At the end of the steel pipe sat a curious bloom of copper held in place by a bolt. Puzzled, he called Maria Jacobsen over to take a look. Her immediate reaction: “Oh, my God.” “I saw this flash of copper and frankly the hair stood up on my head,” Jacobsen recalls. “What you’re looking at here is not the end of the spar. You’re looking at the weapon system. We actually have part of the torpedo.” The artifact matches a technical drawing in the archives depicting a Singer torpedo and bearing the notation, “Used for blowing up the Housatonic.” This Singer torpedo was a monster—packed with 135 pounds of black powder, nearly twice as much as the typical spar-mounted torpedoes used by Confederate boats—and it was designed to remain attached. Accordingly, many historians discounted it as the Hunley’s weapon of choice.

Mic smith

Things change in a flash

Shell shocker: Although the spar tip was one of the first artifacts recovered, it was only recently cleaned of concretion, a build-up of sand, shell and corrosion that obscured important details. Researchers now know that the Hunley’s torpedo was still attached to the spar when it went off. The blast shoved the torpedo’s copper sleeve against the retaining bolt, leaving a record of the explosion that scientists can use to model the effect on the sub and the crew.   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Deep secrets

Hunley on display

Web Extra

Visit for bonus material including: I An exclusive slideshow of Hunley images by Columbia artist Dan Dowdey. I A bonus article on conservation techniques pioneered by Clemson University researchers to restore artifacts from the Hunley and Fort Sumter National Monument.


Mic smith

Visitors to the Warren Lasch Conservation Center can observe the hull of the submarine inside its 90,000-gallon conservation tank and learn about the latest archaeological findings during weekend tours offered on Saturdays from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. and Sundays from noon to 5 p.m. The lab is located at 1250 Supply St. in North Charleston. Regular admission is $12, with children under 5 admitted free. For more information, contact Friends of the Hunley at (843) 743-4865, ext. 10, or visit

“For many years we thought that the torpedo had been released and left in the hull, and that they would have backed off and then detonated,” Mardikian says. “What this shows is that’s not what happened. They had that torpedo solidly attached to the spar when they attacked with no intention of leaving.” The new evidence is clear: the Hunley was no more than 16 feet away when the torpedo went off, but Jacobsen and fellow archaeologist Michael Scafuri are quick to point out that there is no data to suggest that the blast itself sank the sub. The hull was found intact, and they’ve already proven that the three visible holes in the vessel’s iron shell formed after the Hunley sank, but the finding does help the team narrow the focus of the ongoing investigation. “Any hypothesis that involves the ­sub­marine being more than 16 feet away from the Housatonic is probably now invalid,” Scafuri says. “It’s new information, but it doesn’t necessarily answer all of our questions.”

Next steps

Mardikian rotates the spar tip under an exam light to highlight the intricacies of the piece and the other reason the researchers are so excited by this latest find. In the moment of the blast, part of the torpedo’s copper sheath “peeled back like a banana,” and the entire sleeve was shoved several inches back against the retaining bolt, causing the pliable metal to crumple against

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

one side of the nut like wadded paper. “You’ve got an ‘instant moment’ frozen in time right there,” he says. Jacobsen explains that these details contain information that will help explosive experts re­create the blast. Using both physical models and computer simulations, they’ll be able to study the likely effects on the sub and the crew. “With this one finding, not only can we reconstruct the attack strategy, we can reconstruct the charge, we can reconstruct the charge configuration and we know the distance of the Hunley from the weapon system and Housatonic,” she says. “Now we actually have data we can plug into an equation.” The results of the simulation will coincide with the next phase of conservation—cleaning and stabilizing the hull. Sometime later this year, the fresh water in the conservation tank will be replaced with a diluted sodium-hydroxide solution capable of extracting the corrosion-forming salts that bonded with the iron during 136 years on the ocean floor. It will take years of treatment to fully stabilize the metal, but within just a few months, conservators can begin the mammoth task of chiseling the sub clean and examining their largest artifact. What they will find is anyone’s guess, but each new secret extracted from the sub sheds more light on the true story of the Hunley. “We’re about to enter a really intriguing phase,” Jacobsen says. “We can’t wait.”

Buying or renting Carolina Mobility Sales offers vans designed for your needs!

Contact us today! 3624 Fernandina Rd. 4025 Queen City Drive Columbia, SC 29210 Charlotte, NC 28208 803-791-7791 704-399-0900 563 Woodruff Rd. Greenville, SC 29607 864-599-9099

3938 Ogeechee Rd. Savannah, GA 31405 912-233-1050   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


SC Life


Joseph McGill Jr. AGE:





The Slave Dwelling Project DAY JOB: Field officer for the National Trust for Historic Preservation PET PEEVE: “Distorted history—history that favors the victor and leaves out the rest of the story.”

Get More Visit

Mic Smith for more on the Slave Dwelling Project, including McGill’s 2013 schedule for slave dwelling visits. Readers can also follow the project at theslavedwellingproject.

Exploring the past

It began as part of a Civil War documentary for the History Channel. Joseph McGill Jr., a Charleston-based field officer with the National Trust for Historic Preservation, volunteered to spend the night in a restored slave hut at Boone Hall Plantation to demonstrate what living conditions had been like for enslaved Africans. The overnight stay had a profound impact on McGill, and in 2010 he launched the Slave Dwelling Project, a personal quest to explore and preserve slave quarters across the state and nation. “My goal is to bring attention to the dwellings,” he says. “It’s an opportunity to recognize the places that have been restored and acknowledge the places that need to be restored.” In addition to helping landowners identify, interpret and maintain slave quarters, McGill is raising awareness of the history behind the buildings. Camping overnight in former slave dwellings—sometimes accompanied by the descendants of the slaves who built and occupied them—is a way to establish an emotional connection “to the people who endured despite all that they went through,” he says. “You think about those people. You think about the fact that in that space it was probably the most peaceful part of their lives, but even that could be interrupted.” While the project began with an exploration of slave dwellings on Southern plantations, McGill has visited 38 sites in 12 states, including Pennsylvania and Connecticut—areas not normally associated with slavery. “Expanding the project to those states sheds light on the period of slavery in the United States history,” he says. “The North does not get a pass. Slavery existed there also. If you go to any older city that existed prior to the Civil War you can find architecture that supported slaves.” —Keith Phillips   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING




Discovering an American civilization Secrets of the Maya reveals a bygone world and its legacy Obviously, the world did not meet its apocalyptic end last Dec. 21, as some folks believed the Mayan calendar predicted. Guess we outsmarted those ancient Maya, huh? Not so fast. Those Maya were pretty darn clever, on closer inspection. And the fact is, they had multiple calendars, one of which was more than 5,000 years long and ended on Dec. 21, 2012. That was never meant to mark “the end of the world”—only the end of that calendar, just as our calendar ends on Dec. 31 each year and starts over again on Jan. 1. Thousands of years ago, the Maya

GetThere The South Carolina State Museum is located at 301 Gervais St. in Columbia. Secrets of the Maya runs through June 9. Exhibit hours: Monday– Saturday 10 a.m. to 5 p.m., Sunday 1 p.m. to 5 p.m. Tickets, which include general museum admission, are $15 for adults (ages 13–61), $13 for ages 3–12 and $11 for seniors.



already understood time as both linear and cyclical. They recognized patterns in the seasons, in the heavens and in nature and shaped a civilization around that knowledge. They grasped the concept of zero in their mathematics, and they created the most sophisticated system of hieroglyphic writing in Mesoamerica. They managed to build gargantuan pyramidal temples with the crudest of tools. They left a legacy of art, weaving, sport, religion and culture that carries on in modern Maya communities. Impressed? There’s plenty more to learn about those clever Maya at the South Carolina State Museum, where Secrets of the Maya is on exhibit through June 9. “We all think about Greece and Rome as being centers of the ancient world,” says JoAnn Zeise, the museum’s curator of history. “But there was this beautiful world and fascinating civilization right here on the American continent.” Secrets of the Maya merges—for the first time—three separate exhibits that, together, reveal astounding

(803) 898-4921;

Maya sculptural rubbings


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

Earthenware jaguar effigy cache vessel, ca. A.D. 650-850

details of how the Maya lived, worked, worshipped and played in the tropical jungles of Central America, beginning in 2000 B.C. Images of life-or-death ball games, brightly painted ceramics, musical ocarinas shaped like animals, casts of stone monuments, restored ruins, ceremonial masks—these are among the hundreds of artifacts, reproductions and photos that reveal how the Maya lived and what they achieved. Visitors will discover the cosmos as the Maya understood it: a harmonious relationship of earth, sky and underworld. Stage two of the exhibit explores how a husband-and-wife archaeology team excavated the buried and grand Temple of the Warriors— literally unearthed from below a mound of dirt in Yucatan—in a 1920s expedition. The finale showcases vivid photos of modern Maya in Chiapas in southwestern Mexico, where the people have blended their historical culture with contemporary influences. “Usually in an exhibit you see just a moment in time, but here you see the whole story, from ancient times to modern times,” Zeise says. “The Maya culture is still around—people are surprised by that.” Pick a day to visit when you can give yourself at least a couple hours to absorb the Secrets of the Maya. You may want to check a calendar.

The most dangerous animals in the forest don’t live there.

Pawleys Island Realty Company, LLC For 50 Years, A Lowcountry Tradition!

Pawleys Pier Village Where life is good and the fishing is easy! 2 & 3 Bedroom Condos/Private Pier/Pool Resort sales & Vacation rentals ONLY YOU CAN PR E VE N T W I L D FIRE S. w w w. s m o k e y b e a r. c o m

Call for nightly rates!


O PUB: DO NOT PRINT INFO BELOW, FOR I.D. ONLY. NO ALTERING OF AD COUNCIL PSAS. ildfire Prevention - Magazine (2 1/4 x 4 7/8) 4/C WFPA01-M-03258-E “Animals” 120 screen Film at Schawk 212-689-8585 Reference #:569132


$ 167,9 on hingt or t T he W   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING




The Cottage caters to healthy appetites


2 pounds grouper or fresh fish of your choice, cut in 1-inch cubes 1 cup tequila ½ cup fresh lemon juice 1 bunch fresh cilantro

1 tablespoon each salt and pepper Shredded cheddar Shredded green cabbage 8 flour or corn tortillas

Combine all ingredients and marinate 4 hours in refrigerator. Pan saute fish until cooked, about 15 minutes. Layer fish with cheddar cheese, green cabbage in ­tortillas. Serve with pico de gallo. Pico de gallo 6 tomatoes, diced fine 4 Vidalia onions, diced fine 1 bunch fresh cilantro

½ cup fresh lemon juice, or to taste 1 tablespoon salt, or to taste

Mix all ingredients and let marinate in refrigerator.


like eating that day. “I try to be health conscious, and I combine that with cooking things I like to eat,” Rohland The Cottage says. “I won’t 38 Calhoun St., Bluffton, SC 29910 Desserts, including seasonally cook fried food— (843) 757-0508 decorated pies and cakes, it puts bad energy are one of Leslie Rohland’s in your food, and specialties. Open Monday through Saturday it’s not on my for breakfast and lunch, 8 a.m. to menu.” Rohland’s creative menu 3 p.m.; Sunday brunch from 8 a.m. A member of is strong with local to 2 p.m.; Thursday tapas from Palmetto Electric seafood, mingled with 5 p.m.; Friday and Saturday dinner from 6 p.m. Cooperative, flavors from around the Rohland had once globe. planned to open a much-needed One of her health-conscious spebakery in Bluffton. But when she discialties is fish tacos—tender chunks of grouper, marinated in cilantro and covered historic Carson Cottage, with lemon juice, stuffed into flour tortiits cozy, wrap-around porch, the location inspired her instead to design a llas with crispy cabbage and shredded combination breakfast-and-lunch cafe, cheddar, served with her own pico bakery and afternoon tearoom. de gallo. It’s plenty to fill an empty Soon she added evening meals— tummy without leaving you sluggish. She packs her “power salads” with tapas on Thursdays, when the Farmers energizing ingredients—a healthy Market of Bluffton holds court on the street near her front door, and dinner serving of protein atop a ­generous on Fridays and Saturdays. mound of greens, seasoned with Asian, Rohland’s love of cooking stems Mediterranean and Mexican flavors. partly from heritage—“I’m from a long “Then you can go the rest of the day without feeling like you have to line of Italian women; it’s something take a nap,” Rohland says. we do”—and from her world travels Of course, she will gladly feed a and job history. sweet tooth, too. “You’re closer to God She worked 10 years in New York when you’re making a pie,” Rohland restaurants while trying to launch insists. an acting career (“too difficult for The Cottage fills three display cases words”), then came to South Carolina with 30-plus cakes, pies, cookies, tarts, to manage a jazz club and restaurant sticky buns and cheesecakes—plenty on Hilton Head Island. She decided to strike out on her own with The of options to ensure that well-fed Cottage in 2009. diners leave with a happy heart.  Friendly to vegetarians and meat lovers alike, as well as gluten-sensiSee this story online at tive diners, The Cottage keeps health for a tasty bonus recipe—Leslie Rohland’s pistachio cream cake. in mind without skimping on taste.

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

milton morris

to homemade pimiento cheese as soon as you’re seated knows the way to a Southerner’s heart. After that opener, The Cottage in Old Town Bluffton aims to serve up foods to keep those hearts healthy. Inventing “Southern eclectic” dishes that look good, taste good and are good for you is owner Leslie Rohland’s passion. Her ideas spring from daily inspirations: whatever seafood, fruits and veggies are in season, what the weather is like or whatever she feels

Any restaurant that treats you

Lodging Packages from $149

Gateway to Cumberland Island

St. Marys beckons with charming lodging options, alluring waters, and breathtaking vistas. Come discover fascinating museums, coastal cuisine, and delightful shopping.

Visit or call 866-868-2199 for information


Hiawassee & Young Harris, Georgia Discover North Georgia Mountains’ Hidden Jewel, Brasstown Valley Resort & Spa

experience us for yourself... our Mountain Top is serenely beautiful and adventure abounds! Located 2 hours from Atlanta, GA Asheville, NC Chattanooga, TN Greenville, SC

Visit our website for information & specials


Gotta Get Away!

Explore Historic St. Marys, Georgia

will re ce iv e O u r wi n n er to

Two tickets ouse H Newberry Opera Country •

Band • Broadway • Big • Opera • Dance Bluegrass • Beach

odations for Deluxe accommat Newberry’s two (one room)press & Suites Holiday Inn Ex Dinner for two at own Bistro Steven W’s Downt

win o t e c n a h c a Enter for in n w o t e h t n o a night . .C S , y r r e b w e historic N By entering, you may receive travel information from these great sponsors:

jj Aiken Center for the Arts jj Harry Hampton Sportsman’s Classic jj Pawleys Pier Village jj Mayberry Days, Westminister jj Alpine-Helen, Ga. jj Historic Cheraw jj Come See Me Festival, Rock Hill jj SC National Heritage Corridor jj S.C. Farmers Markets Flower Festival jj Towns County, Ga.

jj Murrells Inlet Tourism jj City of Aiken jj Lowcountry Tourism jj Santee Cooper Country jj Pendleton District jj Historic St. Marys, Ga. jj Pawleys Island Realty/Rentals jj Inlet Sports Lodge, Murrells Inlet jj North Charleston Arts Festival jj Audubon Center at Beidler Forest

Tr a v e l R e a d e r R e ply

Register below, or online at

YES! Enter me in the drawing for an overnight getaway to Newberry, S.C. Name Address   City State/Zip  Email  Phone

November WINNER of an overnight getaway in Newberry and 2 tickets to The Newberry Opera House is Louise Blaylock, Beech Island, S.C. Send coupon to: South Carolina Living, 1040 Corley Mill Rd., Lexington, SC 29072 or Entries must be received by March 5, 2013 to be eligible for drawing.   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING



EDITED BY CArrie Hirsch

A.W. Evans/iStock

Cozy comfort food



1 ripe banana 1 tablespoon smooth peanut butter 1 tablespoon strawberry jelly or preserves N cup water N cup milk (any type) 2 tablespoons plain, Greek-style yogurt ½ cup ice cubes

Process all ingredients in a blender until smooth. Garnish with dollop of yogurt and a strawberry, if desired.


1 tablespoon butter 1 cup carrots, thinly sliced ½ cup onion, chopped 1 10.25-ounce can beef gravy

1 pound lean ground beef, cooked and drained 2 cups hot mashed potatoes ½ cup cheddar cheese, shredded


In a 2-quart, microwave-safe casserole, combine butter, carrots and onion. Cover with lid; microwave on high for 5 minutes or until vegetables are nearly tender, stirring once during the cooking (remove lid carefully to avoid hot steam). Stir in the beef gravy and cooked ground beef. Cover and microwave on high for 5 minutes or until bubbling, stirring once during cooking. Spoon mashed potatoes around edge of casserole (for a festive touch, use a pastry tube to pipe the mashed potatoes around the edge of the dish). Sprinkle with cheese; microwave, uncovered, on high for 3 minutes or until cheese melts. MARY LOCKLEAR, MCCOLL


½ teaspoon baking soda 1 cup semisweet chocolate morsels

Preheat oven to 350 degrees. In medium bowl, stir together peanut butter, sugar, egg and baking soda until blended. Stir in chocolate morsels. Drop dough in tablespoonfuls, 2 inches apart, onto baking sheet lined with parchment paper. Bake 12–14 minutes. Allow to cool on baking sheet for 5 minutes. Transfer to wire rack to continue cooling. MARILOU STRAIGHT, WEST UNION


SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |


1 cup creamy peanut butter ¾ cup granulated sugar 1 large egg

Palmetto State Marketplace

GTO Access Systems & Mighty Mule authorized service center.

Specializing in gates and gate opener installation, with a full line of automatic gate operators and access controls for every type of gate application.

1.800.928.5434 • 803.955.4843




[Nobody beats our Low, Low Price!]


Est. 1972

We build all kinds of buildings for all kinds of needs


Garages, Horse Barns, Shelters, Hobby Shops, Hangers, RV, Camper & Boat Storage, Church Building, Offices, Mini-Warehouses & More

1-800-922-3934 • Lexington, SC

2011SCstateAd.qxd 2/21/11 4:32 PM


864-415-0981 • 864-590-5797



Built $ Price Painted Enclosed


S.C.Ramble! answer

• Hurricane Upgrade E of I-95 • Custom Sizes Available • No Hidden Charges! • Fully Insured • Codes May Affect Prices • #1 Metal

1-888-427-BARN (2276)

SC Lic. #106900

Slipcovers for furniture and cushions in any size or shape. Free fabric samples on request.


Ask about our do-it-yourself materials kits.

Custom-made slipcovers in 5 days!

• Armchair protectors Use • Suede protectors Coupon Code • Pet beds & more! SLC-10 and

save 10% on any product!


You could be reaching 1.1 million readers with your ad in Marketplace • Call 1-800-984-0887  • Email • Click on “Advertise” at 26

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

To advertise, please go to or e-mail


MOBILE HOME Arco Steel Buildings 1-800-241-8339

24x36x10...................................... $. 6,558 40x60x10...................................... $.10,522 60x75x10...................................... $ .17,150 100x75x12. w/column................... $ .29,522 20x100x8'6".Mini.Warehouse....... $. 8,397







Arco Building Systems, Inc.



(FOB Plant – lOcal cOdes may aFFect Prices)

All your metal building design, fabrication and supply needs under one roof.

• StandardandCut-to-length Roof & Wall Panels • RedIronComponents • BuildingKits&Complete CustomizedBuildingSystems • MetalBuildingAccessories • 18,000Sq.Ft.ofQuality Metal BuildingInventory • ManyItemsonOurFloor AvailableforImmediatePick-up • BuyersGuideAvailable

Stop by or call us for a quote today.

800-922-8039 1500 Elrod Road, Piedmont, SC 29673

Here’s a bright idea! Give a gift subscription to YES! Send 1 year (11 issues) for just $8

YES! Send 2 years (22 issues) for just $15

Gift to ____________________________________________________________________________________

Gift from ________________________________________________________________________________

Phone __________________________________________________________________­___________________

Phone ______________________________________________________________________________________

Address _____________________________________________________________________________________

Address ____________________________________________________________________________________

City ________________________________________________________________________________________

City ________________________________________________________________________________________

State/Zip ___________________________________________________________________________________

State/Zip ____________________________________________________________________________________

Note: Co-op members should already receive this magazine as a membership benefit. Please make check payable to South Carolina Living and mail to P.O. Box 100270, Columbia, SC 29202-3270. (Please allow 4 – 8 weeks.) Call 1-803-926-3175 for more information. Sorry, credit card orders not accepted.   | February 2013   |  SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING


Calendar    of Events Please confirm information before attending events. For entry guidelines, go to



15 • Mardi Gras in the Electric City, Anderson Civic Center, Anderson. (864) 225-6800. 15–16 • Chase away the Blues, The Handlebar, Greenville. (864) 467-3434. 15–17 • The Tints That Glow by Caroline Rust, Center for the Arts, Rock Hill. (803) 328-2787. 16–17 • Fireside Arts & Craft Show, Unicoi State Park Lodge, Helen, Ga. (800) 573-9659. 21 • Upstate Forever’s ForeverGreen Annual Awards Luncheon, Embassy Suites, 670 Verdae Blvd., Greenville. (864) 250-0500. 21–24 • Art & Antique Show, Chapman Cultural Center, Spartanburg. (864) 582-7616. 22–23 • Helenblitz Mini Cooper Car Show, Helendorf Inn, Helen, Ga. (706) 878-2271. 22–24 • Progressive Insurance South Carolina RV & Camping Show, TD Convention Center, Greenville. (800) 441-0013. 23 • Joy of Gardening Symposium, Baxter Hood Center, York Technical College, Rock Hill. (704) 443-1366. MARCH

1–2 • Reedy River Run, downtown on Main Street, Greenville. (864) 288-6470. 2 • Bridesmaids Ball, Marriott, Greenville. (864) 241-0462. 5 • Celebration of Story, The Arts Center, Clemson. (864) 276-2166. 14 • Oconee Bell Nature Walk, Devils Fork State Park, Salem. (864) 944-2639. ONGOING

Daily • Art Gallery at the Fran Hanson Discovery Center, South Carolina Botanical Garden, Clemson. (864) 656-3405. Daily • Trail Riding, Croft State Natural Area, Spartanburg. (864) 585-1283. Mondays, through Feb. 25 • International Folk Dancing, Sears Recreation Center, Greenville. (864) 467-4326. Wednesdays, through March 20 • Homeschool Fitness, Bobby Pearse Community Center, Greenville. (864) 467-4331.


Saturdays, through March 23 • First Tee of Greenville, Nicholtown Community Center and First Tee of Greenville Facility, Greenville. (864) 467-4330. Second Saturdays • Music on the Mountain Bluegrass Jams, Table Rock State Park, Pickens. (864) 878-9813.


13–16 • USC Dance Company Spring Concert: On the Edge, Drayton Hall Theatre, Columbia. (803) 777-5112. 15 • Columbia Baroque Soloist Concert, “Past as Prelude,” USC School of Music Recital Hall, Columbia. (803) 727-8555. 15 • Picture Perfect Gala, Leaside, Columbia. (803) 227-8588. 15 • “All Hands on Deck!” by Aiken Performing Arts Group, URS Center for the Performing Arts, Aiken. (803) 643-4774. 16 • One Stop Shop Hop, Bradley Arts and Sciences Building, Lancaster. (803) 273-3834. 22–23 • Francis Marion Living History Encampment, shores of Lake Marion, Summerton. (803) 478-2645. 22–24 • Battle of Aiken, 1210 Powell Pond Rd., Aiken. (803) 642-7557. 23 • Lexington’s Race against Hunger, Saxe Gotha Presbyterian Church, Lexington. (803) 359-7770, ext. 20. 23 • Haynes 4th Saturday Bluegrass Series, Haynes Auditorium, BatesburgLeesville. (803) 582-8479. 23 • Julius Daniels Memorial Blues Festival, Dane Theater, Denmark. (803) 245-1000. 24 • St. Andrews Woman’s Club Bridal Showcase, Cantey Building, S.C. State Fairgrounds, Columbia. (803) 730-8818. 25 • Birds and Butterflies Owl Prowl, Silver Bluff Audubon Center, Aiken. (803) 649-7999. MARCH

1–3 • Craftsmen’s Spring Classic Art & Craft Festival, Cantey and Ellison buildings, S.C. State Fairgrounds, Columbia. (336) 282-5550. 1–3 • Reenactment of the Battle for Broxton Bridge, Broxton Bridge Plantation, Ehrhardt. (800) 437-4868.

7 • Girls Night Out, EdVenture, Columbia, (803) 779-3100. 9 • Columbia Marathon, downtown, Columbia. (803) 730-3663. 9–15 • Juilliard in Aiken, various venues, Aiken. (803) 292-3124. 12 • Carolina Wildlife Care, Birds & Butterflies, Aiken. (803) 649-7999. ONGOING

Daily, through Feb. 24 • Snowville, EdVenture Children’s Museum, Columbia. (803) 779-3100. Daily • Trail Riding, Kings Mountain State Park, Blacksburg. (803) 222-3209. Daily • Trail Riding, Lee State Park, Bishopville. (803) 428-5307. Daily • Trail Riding, Poinsett State Park, Wedgefield. (803) 494-8177. Daily, except Mondays • Living History Days, Historic Brattonsville, McConnells. (803) 684-2327. Daily, except Mondays and major holidays • Historic Camden Revolutionary War Site, Camden. (803) 432-9841. Daily, by appointment • Overnights and Night Howls, Riverbanks Zoo & Garden, Columbia. (803) 779-8717, ext. 1113. Mondays through May • Homeschool Mondays, Riverbanks Zoo & Garden, Columbia. (803) 978-1113. Second Tuesdays • Family Night $1 Admission, EdVenture Children’s Museum, Columbia. (803) 779-3100. Fourth Thursdays • Tales for Tots, EdVenture Children’s Museum, Columbia. (803) 779-3100. Saturdays • Behind-theScenes Adventure Tours, Riverbanks Zoo & Garden, Columbia. (803) 978-1113. Second Saturdays • Children’s Art Program, Sumter County Gallery of Art, Sumter. (803) 775-0543. Saturdays and Sundays • Gallery Tour, Columbia Museum of Art, Columbia. (803) 799-2810. Sundays • Sunday Brunch & Jazz Series, Senate’s End, Columbia. (803) 748-4144.

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |


13–17 • Beaufort International Film Festival, University of S.C. at Beaufort. (843) 522-3196. 14–16 • BI-LO Myrtle Beach Marathon, various venues, Myrtle Beach. (843) 293-7223. 15–16 • “Truer Words,” a novel and event by Kim Poovey, ARTworks, Beaufort. (843) 379-2787. 15–17 • Southeastern Wildlife Exposition, various venues, Charleston. (843) 723-1748. 22 • African-American Heritage Day, Wannamaker County Park, North Charleston. (843) 795-4386. 22–23 • Horry County Museum Quilt Gala, Ocean Lakes Campground, Myrtle Beach. (843) 238-5636. 23 • Charleston Brewvival, Coast Brewery, North Charleston. (843) 343-4727. 23 • Leukemia Ball, Omar Shrine Ballroom, Mount Pleasant. (843) 881-8176. 23 • MardiCrawl on Shem Creek, Mount Pleasant. (843) 388-0003. 23 • LifePoint Gift of Life 5K/2K Run/Walk, James Island County Park, Charleston. (800) 462-0755. 28 • Charleston Wine + Food Festival, various venues, Charleston. (843) 727-9998. MARCH

1–3 • Charleston Wine + Food Festival, various venues, Charleston. (843) 727-9998. 1–3 • Breath of Spring Flower Show, Cypress Gardens, Moncks Corner. (843) 553-0515.

1–31 • North Charleston City Gallery Exhibit: Works by Dayton Colie & Michael Fowler, North Charleston City Gallery, Charleston Area Convention Center. (843) 740-5854. 2–3 • Winyah Bay Heritage Festival, East Bay Park, Georgetown. (843) 833-9919. 3 • Literacy Volunteers of the Lowcountry Cooks & Books Event, The Westin Hilton Head Island Resort & Spa, Hilton Head Island. (843) 815-6616. 4–9 • Spring TennisFest, various venues, Hilton Head Island. (843) 785-7244. 7–9 • National Shag Dance Championships, Spanish Galleon, North Myrtle Beach. (843) 249-1048. 7–10 • Charleston Film Festival, Terrace Theater, Charleston. (843) 762-4247. 9–10 • The Skirmish at Gamble’s Hotel Civil War Reenactment, 4789 E. Old Marion Highway, Florence. (843) 667-1705. 10 • Chefs’ Feast, Charleston Area Convention Center, North Charleston. (843) 747-8146, ext. 105. 14 • Catch the Leprechaun 5K Run, Mount Pleasant Memorial Waterfront Park, Mount Pleasant. (843) 856-4206. ONGOING

Daily, through Feb. 28 • Goose Creek Artists Guild Annual Judged Show, North Charleston City Gallery at the Charleston Area Convention Center. (843) 740-5854.

This year, the BI-LO Myrtle Beach Marathon events begin on Valentine’s Day. Daily, through Feb. 28 • The Meeting Place Window Exhibit: Works by Martin E. Sullivan, The Meeting Place, North Charleston. (843) 740-5854. Daily • Trail Riding, Cheraw State Park, Cheraw. (843) 537-9656. Daily • Nature Center, Hunting Island State Park, Hunting Island. (843) 838-7437. Daily, except major holidays • Parris Island Museum, Beaufort. (843) 228-2166. Daily, except Christmas • Self-guided Colonial Tours, Charles Towne Landing State Historic Site, Charleston. (843) 852-4205. Tuesdays through Saturdays • Education Center Displays and Programs, Myrtle Beach State Park, Myrtle Beach. (843) 238-5325. Thursdays • Farmers Market of Bluffton, Calhoun Street, downtown Bluffton. (843) 415-2447. Fridays, through March 22 • Senior Dance Series, Base Recreation Center, Myrtle Beach. (843) 918-2380. Saturdays through Tuesdays • Mansion Tours, Hampton Plantation State Historic Site, McClellanville. (843) 546-9361.


By Jan A. Igoe

A bucket list to die for Every time friends start

sharing their “bucket lists,” I retreat to the nearest ladies’ room to spend time alone with the delusion that I’m not old enough to have one. Bucket lists are the place to file all the insanely awesome stuff you meant to do before careers, rug rats and April 15 got in the way of the fun you meant to have as a grown-up. It’s tough to schedule Mount Everest expeditions between PTO meetings. Since the days of secret plans and locked diaries are over, you’ll find several zillion bucket lists online, in case you run out of ideas. There are lots of regular people—maybe some of the folks singing right next to you in the church choir—who really want to milk a pit viper, wrestle a moose and rappel off the Eiffel Tower. You’ll also find a few mashed couch potatoes who hope to keep breathing long enough to grow a tomato and lose three pounds. (Forget Ambien, read their lists.) “Stuff to do before you die” lists went mainstream after Jack Nicholson and Morgan Freeman spent their final days racking up adventures in a movie called The Bucket List. Now everybody has a bucket list, and you’d be amazed how many feature bungee jumping in the “must-do” section. Besides riding an elephant to her Zumba class and serving fondue from a volcano, my friend Rachel— mild‑mannered, cookie-baking, sockknitting grandmother of seven—wants


to bungee jump off the Bloukrans Bridge in South Africa. That’s a lovely structure arching 708 feet above a river flanked by solid rock cliffs on which to bang your head. OK, I get the elephant thing, but bungee jumping? Much to the envy of her bionic Mahjong buds, Rachel still has all her original parts. You’d think she’d want to keep them. Let’s be clear: Bungee jumping involves tall buildings, cranes, hot-air balloons or helicopters that were minding their own business until someone strapped an elastic cord between them and some leaping lunatic’s ankles. To me, this has “bad plan” written all over it. “You are about as adventurous as a Brussels sprout,” Rachel lamented. “Yeah, a Brussels sprout who knows the difference between a bucket list

SOUTH CAROLINA LIVING  |   February 2013  |

entry and a death wish,” I retorted. “Why don’t you hop off the Piggly Wiggly checkout counter a few times to be sure you like it?” Bungee jumping isn’t for everyone. Humorist Jeanne Robertson was 62 when she was invited to bungee jump in Canada with her husband, who refused because his teeth might fall out. But the jumping facility did offer a safe place to leave hearing aids and dentures, which mature jumpers appreciate. Robertson thought the leap might knock a few saggy parts back into place, but in the end she declined the adventure. At 96, Mohr Keet became the oldest bungee jumper on the planet when he leaped off the Bloukrans Bridge (Rachel’s bridge of choice) in 2010. The event was captured on YouTube, where the video shows him moving slowly to the launch point, balancing on a cane. Moments before Keet went bouncing off the bridge like an antique yo-yo, someone checked his blood pressure. Apparently, you can’t jump to your possible death if you’re having a heart attack. Go figure. First entry on my bucket list: Find my first sane friend. Preferably one who likes Brussels sprouts. JAN A. IGOE ,

our humor-writing vegetable, lives in Horry County and would love to read your bucket list to offer safety tips. Write Jan at

Read tHe Fascinating stORies OF 100 WORld WaR ii veteRans “I wasn’t in combat that much, just the 34 days that I was on Iwo Jima, but it was dangerous enough.”

From the Pearl Harbor bombing to the Iwo Jima flag raising, from the Normandy Invasion to the Berlin Airlift, this 212‑page book will absorb you with the profiles, period photos and portraits of 100 South Carolina World War II veterans. Order your copy of Honor Flight today!

to order Honor Flight, complete and return this form with a check made payable to electric Cooperatives of s.C. PLEASE PRint CLEARLY YouR nAmE AddRESS






Honor FligHt

012 A p r i l 1 1 , 2 D.C. OR









Washington, Columbia, S.C. to



Don o. Daniels, BlythewooD

t h C a r ol

“I went in on the second or third day. They were losing so many people that they took the replacement battalion and sent us right in. I had no combat training. I had no experience in machine guns whatsoever. When I hit the shore, I was grabbed by a lieutenant, and he said, ‘What experience do you have?’ I said, ‘None.’ He said, ‘You’ll make a good machine gunner.’ ”



dAYtimE PhonE #



Number of books _________________________ at $29.95 each. Amount enclosed $_________________________________________ Mail form and check to: Electric Cooperatives of S.C. P.O. Box 100270 Columbia, SC 29202-3270

Price includes shipping and sales tax. Allow 3 to 4 weeks for delivery.

Questions: EmAiL: PhonE: (803) 739-5066

South Carolina Living February 2013  

South Carolina Living February 2013

South Carolina Living February 2013  

South Carolina Living February 2013