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JUNE 2013

Four score

and seventy Gettysburg marks 150th anniversary of pivotal battle

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JUNE Vol. 48 • No. 6 Peter A. Fitzgerald EDITOR

Katherine Hackleman S E N I OR E D I T O R / W R I T E R

James Dulley Janette Hess Barbara Martin Marcus Schneck


KEEPING CURRENT News items from across the Commonwealth




Cool roof creates cool house


W. Douglas Shirk L AYOU T & DESI GN

Vonnie Kloss


Michelle M. Smith

Gettysburg marks 150th anniversary of pivotal battle

M E D I A & M A R K E T I N G S P E CI A L I S T

Penn Lines (USPS 929-700), the newsmagazine of Pennsylvania’s electric cooperatives, is published monthly by the Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association, 212 Locust Street, P.O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108-1266. Penn Lines helps 165,800 households of co-op consumermembers understand issues that affect the electric cooperative program, their local coops, and their quality of life. Electric co-ops are not-for-profit, consumer-owned, locally directed, and taxpaying electric utilities. Penn Lines is not responsible for unsolicited manuscripts. The opinions expressed in Penn Lines do not necessarily reflect those of the editors, the Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association, or local electric distribution cooperatives. Subscriptions: Electric co-op members, $5.42 per year through their local electric distribution cooperative. Preferred Periodicals postage paid at Harrisburg, PA 17107 and additional mailing offices. POSTMASTER: Send address changes with mailing label to Penn Lines, 212 Locust Street, P.O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108-1266. Advertising: Display ad deadline is six weeks prior to month of issue. Ad rates upon request. Acceptance of advertising by Penn Lines does not imply endorsement of the product or services by the publisher or any electric cooperative. If you encounter a problem with any product or service advertised in Penn Lines, please contact: Advertising, Penn Lines, P.O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108. Penn Lines reserves the right to refuse any advertising.


Four score and seventy

A D V E R T I S I N G & CI R C U L A T I O N


TIME LINES Your newsmagazine through the years

14A C O O P E R AT I V E


Information and advice from your local electric cooperative



Herbs for eating healthy 16

Lower humidity, lower electric bill Reduce humidity level, set thermostat higher for summer comfort






Old-time eating 20


Pennsylvanians walk in the footsteps of giants 21





Summer days 25 Board officers and staff, Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association: Chairman, Leroy Walls; Vice Chairman, Tim Burkett; Secretary, Lanny Rodgers; Treasurer, Rick Shope; President & CEO, Frank M. Betley


Thoughts from Earl Pitts– Uhmerikun! Earl pitches the idea that baseball’s charm is that it is slow, boring

© 2013 Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association. All rights reserved. Reproduction in whole or in part without written permission is prohibited.

Visit with us at Penn Lines Online, located at: pennlines.asp. Penn Lines Online provides an email link to Penn Lines editorial staff, information on advertising rates, contributor’s guidelines, and an archive of past issues.

O N T H E COV E R The Pennsylvania Memorial at the Gettysburg National Military Park is the largest of the monuments commemorating the threeday battle in July 1863. Photo by Kathy Hackleman

JUNE 2013 • PENN



KEEPINGcurrent USS Somerset to be commissioned in Philadelphia Sen. Pat Toomey (R-Pa.) has announced that the USS Somerset will be commissioned (put into active service) in the Port of Philadelphia. The ship honors the courageous members of the crew and passengers of United Flight 93, which crashed in Somerset County on Sept. 11, 2001, during that day’s terrorist attacks. The USS Somerset is the ninth amphibious transport dock ship in the San Antonio class. She joins the USS New York and the USS Arlington in honoring the heroes of Sept. 11, 2001. Toomey had requested the ship be

Agency and other agencies, including Penn State University, recently released a comprehensive, scientific report on honey bee health, listing multiple factors playing a role in continuing honey bee colony declines first reported in 2006. Those factors include: parasites and disease, genetics, poor nutrition, and pesticide exposure. A healthy honey bee population is essential for the health of American agriculture as an estimated one-third of all food and beverages are made possible by pollination — mainly by honey bees. In the United States, pollination contributes to crop production worth $20 billion to $30 billion every year. A report representing the consensus of the scientific community studying honey bees is available at documents/ReportHoneyBeeHealth.pdf.

Pennsylvania’s craft brewers recognized The ship honoring the crew and passengers of United Flight 93 will be commissioned at the Port of Philadelphia.


commissioned in Pennsylvania because of its connection to Somerset, Pa., and Secretary of the Navy Ray Mabus agreed. In a news release about the decision, Mabus stated, “Somerset is an important ship for the Navy and our nation, and commissioning her in the Port of Philadelphia will make the event even more meaningful. Once I learned it was possible to commission Somerset in Philadelphia, it was the obvious choice for me to make.”

The future of bees The U.S. Department of Agriculture, the U.S. Environmental Protection 4



USA Today recently named Pennsylvania as No. 6 on the list of “Top 10 States for Craft Breweries.” The state’s craft beer industry — with 93 craft brewers — adds approximately $1.1 billion to the state’s economy each year.

USA Today names Pennsylvania as No. 6 of ‘Top 10 States for Craft Breweries.’ CRAFT BEER BUSINESS BOOMING:

USA Today noted German immigrants brought with them a love of good beer, and the state had six breweries pre-Prohibition, more than any other state. Other states listed are: 1) California, 268 craft breweries; 2) Washington, 136; 3) Colorado, 130; 4) Oregon, 124; 5) Michigan, 102; 7) Wisconsin, 75; 8) New York, 72; 9) Texas, 59; and 10) Illinois, 54.

Pennsylvania’s list of impaired waters expands The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency has approved Pennsylvania’s 2012 final list of impaired waters submitted by the Pennsylvania Department of Environmental Protection. The list contains 7,009 impaired waters — 263 of which are newly listed. New to the list this year are portions of Buffalo Creek and Plum Creek in the Upper Juniata Watershed, and more than 650 stream miles within the Susquehanna River Basin. The 2012 list removes 39 bodies of water that were on the previous list, including 96 miles in the Upper Susquehanna-Lackawanna basin and 27 miles of the Lehigh River. This report also changes the designation for a nearly 100-mile section of the main stem of the Susquehanna River from “unimpaired” to having insufficient water quality data to make an impairment determination. There is an ongoing effort by the Commonwealth and environmental groups to identify the causes for health issues affecting smallmouth bass in that section of the river. State officials were hoping for an “impaired” designation, which would have ensured development of a cleanup plan. The federal Clean Water Act requires states to analyze water quality information every two years and identify those bodies of water that do not meet water quality standards. A cleanup plan is required for each impaired waterway. l

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Cool roof creates cool house By B r i a n S l o b o da

Cooperative Research Network

MOST homeowners dread the thought of roof replacement or repair. But, by installing a “cool� roof, you can save money — and energy — for little to no additional cost and effort. Cool roofs reflect the sun using materials that have a special coating. During summer, they stay 50 to 60 degrees Fahrenheit cooler than traditional construction. Because these roofs maintain a lower temperature, less energy is needed to cool the space beneath them. According to the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), cool roofs trim cooling loads by up to 15 percent. This not only cuts electric bills, but also extends roof life, reduces wear on cooling systems, and leads to more comfortable indoor temperatures — especially in houses with limited insulation or no air-conditioning. Before purchasing a cool roof, consider adding insulation to your attic or

As the research and development arm of the National Rural Electric Cooperative Association, CRN pursues innovative solutions that helQ1FOOTZM WBOJBelectric cooperatives deliver safe, reliable, and affordable power to their consumer-members. 6



crawl space because it remains affordable and provides year-round energy savings. For ceilings and roofs, R-30 to R-60 is usually sufficient, depending on climate. DOE offers a calculator that helps determine the insulation you need based on your ZIP code at ~roofs/Zip/ZipHome.html. In addition, consider installing attic vents — continuous peak, soffit or turbine — especially if you’re replacing your roof. This shrinks heat transfer to living spaces. For more information on insulation and attic vent selection, visit If you decide to go with a cool roof, research the type of roofing you want and how much protection you need for your area. The coolness of a roof is determined by two properties: solar reflectance and thermal emittance. Solar reflectance simply equates to the amount of solar radiation reflected, while thermal emittance spells out how efficiently the roof cools itself by re-radiating that heat. The combination of these two properties, called the solar reflectance index (SRI), is typically shown as a rating from 0-1. Higher ratings mean increased reflectivity and emissivity. Cool roofs boast an SRI of up to 0.85, while a conventional roof may only rate 0.05. Cool roofs work best in sunny, warm climates where daily temperatures average above 80 degrees Fahrenheit for at least three months of the year. In northern, colder regions, the opportunity for energy savings may not be as large because there are fewer cooling degreedays. But there’s no disadvantage in choosing a cool roof in those places because your attic should already be well-insulated. Here are common cool roof options for residences: Tiles. Roof tiles made of clay, slate, or concrete have low reflectivity and high

COOL ROOF TECHNOLOGY: This diagram by the Cool Roof Rating Council demonstrates how the cool roof technology works.

emittance and are naturally cool roofs. Cool-colored coatings or glazes can be applied to the tiles to boost reflectivity and waterproofing. You can apply a cool coating on-site or purchase pre-coated tiles, which don’t cost much more than regular tiles and are offered in traditional colors, such as brown, green, and terra-cotta. Shingles. Cool asphalt shingles are made with specially coated granules. Unlike tiles, however, cool-colored coatings are not normally recommended for shingles. Wood shakes are naturally cool roofs if they are kept bare and not stained with darker colors. Metal. Unpainted metal is naturally reflective, but has very poor thermal emittance. It’s a good candidate for cool coatings, either applied in the field or at the factory. The main cost of installing a cool roof involves the type of material you choose. The DOE estimates you’ll spend an average of 75 cents per square foot extra for a cool roof, but you’ll experience quick payback for the investment thanks to energy savings and a longer roof life. l Brian Sloboda is a senior program manager specializing in distribution operations and energy efficiency for the Cooperative Research Network, a service of the Arlington, Va.-based National Rural Electric Cooperative Association.



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Four score and seventy Gettysburg marks 150th anniversary of pivotal battle By K at h y H ac k l e m a n S e n i o r E d i t o r / Wr i t e r

THE YEAR is 1863. In early June, the mild, late-spring days are beginning to yield to the hot, humid days of summer. Residents of rural Adams County, while no doubt aware of the nation’s ongoing Civil War that has pitted neighbor against neighbor and brother against brother, go about their daily business. Most of them are farmers who have a few acres where they raise grain or fruit, and a field or two where a few head of cattle, sheep, and pigs graze. It’s a quiet, peaceful country scene. Within just a few weeks — on July 1, 1863 — nearly 90,000 men wearing the familiar Union blue uniforms of the North and around 75,000 of the southern Confederates in gray uniforms will march into the fields surrounding the county seat of Gettysburg and interrupt area residents’ lives with an epic




three-day battle. One so intense it will transform the future of both the community and the nation, as more men will be killed, wounded or captured in this encounter than in any other in U.S. history. When the sounds of gunfire and cannons finally cease late on July 3, 1863, more than 7,000 men and hundreds of horses are dead in the fields surrounding the small town of only 2,400 residents. The retreating Confederates take as many of their wounded as possible, but are forced to leave behind 6,000 who cannot be moved. In addition, there are 14,000 wounded Union soldiers. Farms are stripped of their food supplies to feed the hungry, and nearby residences and outbuildings are commandeered to serve as field hospitals. The overpowering stench of blood and death permeates the entire area. Gettysburg is forever changed. Today, 150 years after the Battle of Gettysburg, community leaders are about to see the culmination of their years of preparation for the next invasion. This one, however, is anticipated, even welcomed. It’s their chance to tell the story to the millions of visitors expected in Gettysburg this year to observe the sesquicentennial of the 1863 battle. It’s the story of the three-day battle, yes, but also the story of how a community rallied to save those

soldiers that they could, bury those they couldn’t, and preserve the chronicle for generations yet to come. Adams Electric Cooperative member Scott Hartwig is on the front lines of this year’s 150th anniversary observance. As the supervisory park historian at the Gettysburg National Military Park, Hartwig is ultimately responsible for planning the public programming at the national park. That includes 200 new anniversary presentations, all of them free to the public, created because, as Hartwig notes, “The Civil War defined America, and Gettysburg holds an iconic place in American history. Even though there are a lot of Civil War battlefields, Gettysburg tends to represent the Civil War to many people.” The park, which encompasses approximately 6,000 acres where the July 1-3 confrontations took place, is a place where visitors can stand in the very footprints of Gen. George G. Meade, commander of the Army of the Potomac, or Gen. Robert E. Lee, commander of the Army of Northern Virginia. They can look out across the rolling terrain that remains much like it was 150 years ago and imagine the enemy soldiers marching toward them, carrying muskets, bayonets, swords, and revolvers. “I think the whole battlefield is a

very special, evocative place, especially when you get out of your car and start walking on it,” Hartwig states. “You can walk almost anywhere on the battlefield, and that connection helps you understand what you have read about it. Parts of it include really interesting landscapes, particularly on the south end with Little Round Top, Big Round Top and Devil’s Den.”

Turning point Most captivating of all, though, is the knowledge that the legendary Battle of Gettysburg, said to be a major turning point in the war, took place here. “It’s a controversial battle, so that attracts a lot of attention,” Hartwig notes. “The Confederates were riding high and they were doing really well. Then they lose the Battle of Gettysburg. There are lots of questions. How did they lose the battle? Why did they lose the battle? Who is at fault? Various decisions made by generals on both sides were controversial. And there were so many interesting, colorful characters associated with the battle. As people learn about the battle, it tends to draw them in because the actors on the stage that was the battlefield are so interesting. … And of course, there’s the fact that President (Abraham) Lincoln gave the Gettysburg Address here at the dedication of the Gettysburg National Cemetery. That’s another gigantic draw. People always want to see the spot where he gave the speech.” Hartwig, who has spent 34 years working at the Gettysburg site with nearly 20 years in his current position as supervisory historian, is determined that visitors to this year’s sesquicentennial events will enjoy their visit, but also leave with a much greater historical understanding of what took place there. 150 YEARS OF MEMORIES: The Pennsylvania Memorial and the horse and rider statue commemorating the 8th Pennsylvania Cavalry stand in tribute to the Pennsylvanians who fought in the 1863 Battle of Gettysburg.

JUNE 2013 • PENN



PENNlines “There’s no question that it was a battle; a terrible event,” he says of the 1863 confrontation. “But you want people to have a positive experience when they come here. Kids can have fun, and there’s certainly nothing wrong with that. We even have special kids’ programming to encourage families to visit. If kids have fun, that creates a good association with the place. That will lead to an interest, which leads to reading and learning about history.” The story told on the battlefield is a heavy one, but Hartwig says that beyond the fighting and dying, it’s important to take away this message: “This is relevant to your life today. The lessons from the Civil War are worth preserving for future generations

While the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee-sponsored re-enactments of the Battle of Gettysburg tackle a serious, historical topic, the re-enactors have fun at their task.


because they are relevant to the world we live in today, and it forms the basis for many of our political views today.” Hartwig reports that he sometimes asks battlefield visitors, “If I were to

take you to a foreign country and leave you there, what would you say if someone asked you, ‘What does America stand for?’” He says, “Inevitably, what they start

Coordinators of the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee-sponsored annual re-enactment of the Battle of Gettysburg strive to keep the re-enactment as historically accurate as possible, however field commanders have the flexibility to react to situations as they arise.





telling you is almost word for word from the Gettysburg Address, and I have to remind them that the United States of America did not believe those things before the Civil War. People didn’t believe all people were created equal, that everybody deserved freedom. We were a nation where half of the nation had slaves. What I want to do is help kids and adults come to understand that the war shaped who we became, who we are today and why we are the way we are. I want them to see that the Civil War shaped reconstruction, Jim Crow, segregation, the civil rights movement of the 1960s. When you can make those connections with people, they can see the value of places like Gettysburg and why we need to preserve them.” The sesquicentennial programs put together by the staff historians will kick off with “Gettysburg, A New Birth of Freedom” on the evening of June 30 on the lawn near Gen. George G. Meade’s headquarters and will continue through July 4. (See Page 13 for more information about programs.) Hartwig expects one of the largest sesquicentennial crowds to gather on the afternoon of July 3 for Pickett’s Commemorative March. “We are going to have nine rangers located along Seminary Ridge,” he states. “There were nine infantry brigades that made the attack for the Confederates, so each ranger represents a brigade. So if you have the name of an ancestor who was in the 26th North Carolina, and you want to walk in their footsteps 150 years later, you will go with that brigade. On the Union side on Cemetery Ridge, there will be rangers where the Union troops were positioned, and those rangers will be interpreting to their groups about the defense of Cemetery Ridge.” Those visitors following the path of the Confederate soldiers will begin walking at 3 p.m., the time the historic attack began. “We’ll march everyone across the field, trying to stay in the formations the Confederate troops were in, and when we reach Cemetery Ridge, we will conclude the program with the playing of echo ‘Taps’ with buglers set up at vari-

Cannons are used to mark the battlefield locations of various units involved in the Battle of Gettysburg on July 1-3, 1863. The monument is dedicated to troops from Georgia.


ous points along the ridge,” Hartwig reports.

Living history Two living history camps — one for Union troops and one for the Confederates — will be set up on the battlefield July 1-3. The park does not permit battle re-enactments on the battlefield, but there will be infantry and artillery demonstrations, as well as areas where

visitors can see examples of civilian life in the mid-1800s. Katie Carroll, an Adams Electric Cooperative member who serves as president of Civilians of Gettysburg, an organization dedicated to demonstrating Civil War-era life, will be at the living history camp, along with dozens of her fellow members. “We set up civilian displays at various re-enactment and historical events JUNE 2013 • PENN




ON THE FRONT LINE: Adams Electric Cooperative member Scott Hartwig, supervisory park historian at the Gettysburg National Military Park, stands at the site of ‘Pickett’s Charge,’ an infantry assault by the Confederates against Union positions on July 3, 1863. The charge is named after Maj. Gen. George Pickett, one of three Confederate generals who led the assault.

every year to raise awareness of the civilian aspects of the Civil War,” she says. “It’s a lot of fun for the public to have things to look at. Children enjoy the living history displays. I have a Civil War-era, hand-crank sewing machine that I use to show visitors how people used to make their own clothes. People find this very interesting. Some of our other members do first-person portrayals of people from the time period. Others take on roles of members of the Sanitary Commission, who collected supplies such as food and clothing for the troops, or members of the Christian Commission, who provided spiritual comfort by distributing testaments and tracts.” Carroll prides herself on historical accuracy when she’s participating in a living history event. “It’s important for us to do an authentic portrayal, right down to the undergarments, crinolines, corsets, all the way down to the skin,” she says. “You can’t do a Civil War impression without a corset. … It really isn’t all that hot as most of the dresses of the period are made of voile or gauze. What is most uncomfortable is standing in Civil War shoes; I do cheat a bit on that with nonperiod insoles.” Spencer Waldron, also a member of 12



“I have always been fascinated with the archetype of an old sarge,” Waldron says. “I was in the U.S. Army in the infantry, so in a sense, I really am an old sarge. I’ve also been a re-enactor in the mounted cavalry and, for a little while, I was on the artillery crew.” The re-enactors have “unwritten rules,” Waldron says. “When two units are facing each other, one unit will try to push the other off the field,” he explains. “They get aggressive, with shouting and rebel yells, but there’s an unwritten rule that one side can’t advance if the other side is putting out good, crisp volleys. And if one side’s fire is ragged or insufficient, they have to ‘give.’ There is gamesmanship going on all the time between the sides. The end result is that the audience will hear some amazingly crisp volleys. When you hear really good volleys, that’s one side telling the other to stay back. … In the middle of the battle, your adrenaline is flowing and you’re breathing hard. You really feel it.”

Civilians of Gettysburg, has several Civil War-era personas, including both civilian and military. An antique collector Timeless battles and a re-enactor since 1963, he is always on the hunt for genuine Civil War-era Gettysburg resident Allen Baldwin, items he can incorporate into his various who serves as both the overall military roles. commander and the commander of the “I love the 19th century,” Waldron federal troops for the annual re-enactrelates, “and I have learned a lot of skills that I can put to use in the reenactments. I can handset type using a flat-plate printing plate; I can light an oil lamp; I can portray a laborer or a farmer wearing a checked shirt; or an upscale gentleman with a silk vest and top hat. Sometimes, I am a gambler with a deck of cards. I do whatever the occasion calls for.” Waldron also participates with Civil War military re-enactors in battle re-enactments. He plans to be at two battle re-enactments scheduled to take LIFE IN 1863: Katie Carroll, an Adams Electric Cooperative member place off-site, as well as at and president of the Civilians of Gettysburg, demonstrates how the park’s living history 19th-century women made clothing during a living history re-enactdemonstration. ment at Gettysburg.

ment sponsored by the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee, confirms no two re-enactments are ever the same. First, the team chooses different battles to re-enact each year (with the exception of Pickett’s Charge, a popular scenario set this year for 3 p.m. July 7). “Once we decide on a battle, we make physical site visits to the battle location,” Baldwin explains. “Then we research military records and any first-person

accounts that are available. We take all of that and meld it with our re-enactment site to give a good, historical experience.” The battles are scripted for historical accuracy, but field commanders are given the flexibility to react to situations as they unfold, Baldwin reports. Prior to each re-enactment, units must participate in safety briefings and inspections. Baldwin joined a local re-enactment

group in 1995, and has been instrumental in battle planning for the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee for about 10 years. His interest stems from his great-great-grandfather’s service during the Civil War. Although he was not involved in the Battle of Gettysburg, he was with the troops that pursued Lee as the Confederates retreated. The annual Battle of Gettysburg (feature continues on page 23)

Sesquicentennial schedule of events Opening June 16: “Treasures of the Civil War,” Gettysburg National Military Park. Exhibit includes personal items owned by historic figures including President Abraham Lincoln, Jefferson Davis, Robert E. Lee, George Meade, Ulysses S. Grant, Clara Barton and Frederick Douglass. k Opening mid-June: “George Spangler Farm,” which served as a field hospital during the Battle of Gettysburg (access is by free shuttle bus from the park’s visitor center). k June 27-30: Blue Gray Alliance battle re-enactment and living history camps, Pumping Station Road near Gettysburg. (Entry fee charged) k June 29-30: “Sacred Trust” presentations by nationally known historians, authors and rangers, 9:30 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. (hourly on the half-hour), outdoors at the Gettysburg National Military Park Visitor Center. (Free program sponsored by the Gettysburg Foundation) k June 30: “Gettysburg: A New Birth of Freedom” Commemorative Ceremony, on the lawn near Meade’s Headquarters, Gettysburg National Military Park. 7:30 p.m. – Musical prelude; 8-9 p.m. – “Voices of History,” dramatic readings of eyewitness accounts written by soldiers and citizens, and keynote speaker, historian Doris Kearns Goodwin. Ceremony will end with a procession to the Soldiers’ National Cemetery to see luminaries marking each of the 3,500 graves of soldiers killed in the battle. (Free program sponsored by Gettysburg National Military Park and Gettysburg Foundation) k July 1-3: Gettysburg National Military Park Living History Camps/Demonstrations at Pennsylvania Memorial and Pitzer’s Woods. 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. (Free program) k July 1-4: Gettysburg National Military Park Interpretive Programs, “Key Moments,” 30-minute programs presented hourly from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. each day that provide a brief overview of events that occurred in a specific location on that day of the battle. “Overview Hikes,” 60- to 90-minute programs that offer a fuller overview of a phase of the battle. “Battlefield Experience Programs,” special programs that offer a unique opportunity to be at a specific place on the battlefield at the moment when an important event or decision was made. (Free programs; times and locations available at the park’s website, MUSEUM AND VISITOR CENTER: The Gettysburg National Military Park Museum and Visitor Center sets the stage for a visit to the battlefield. k July 1-4: Gettysburg National Military Park Interpretive ProAudiovisual presentations guide visitors through the three-day battle and gram. “Voices Programs” at the stage north of Meade’s Headits consequences. It includes numerous artifacts from the Battle of quarters at 7:30 p.m. Living historians bring to life eyewitness Gettysburg and other Civil War sites. accounts of soldiers and civilians. (Free program) k July 4-7: Gettysburg Anniversary Committee battle re-enactment and living history camps on Table Rock Road near Gettysburg. (Entry fee charged) k July 5-7: “Sacred Trust” presentations by nationally known historians, authors and rangers, 9:30 a.m. through 4:30 p.m. (hourly on the half-hour), outdoors at the Gettysburg National Military Park Visitor Center (Free program sponsored by the Gettysburg Foundation) For information about the schedule of events at the Gettysburg National Military Park, visit Entry to the park and anniversary programming is free (there is an admission fee for the Gettysburg Museum Experience). Events are “rain or shine,” although events could be interrupted by lightning. For information about entry fees and schedules for the battle re-enactments and living history events sponsored by the Blue Gray Alliance on June 27-30, visit These events, which are not affiliated with the Gettysburg National Military Park, are held on Pumping Station Road near Gettysburg. For information about entry fees and schedules for the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee-sponsored re-enactment and living history events on July 4-7, visit These events, which are not affiliated with the Gettysburg National Military Park, are held at 1085 Table Rock Road, Gettysburg.

JUNE 2013 • PENN




Yo u r N e w s m a g a z i n e T h r o u g h t h e Y e a r s

1983 IN 1983, farmers face significant levels of debt, low prices, huge surpluses and shrinking exports. The mood of most businesses is euphoric because stocks are up, inflation is down and interest rates are holding steady. It’s another story, however, in farming communities across the country as agriculture is mired in its deepest downturn since the Great Depression, and fears of failure and foreclosure haven’t evaporated with the good news from Wall Street. Farmers, whose major risks used to be weather-related, in the 1980s are much more vulnerable to a number of factors beyond their control. These factors — export demand, credit availability, interest rates, land prices, availability of off-farm employment, market prices for crops, fuel costs and supply costs — have been remarkably inhospitable during the early 1980s. Exports were down 11 percent in 1982 as other countries dumped their excess production on the world market, further depressing commodity prices. Farm debt doubled in the years between 1977 and 1983, and high interest rates hit farmers hard. In response to these pressures, President Ronald Reagan introduces a “payment-in-kind” program in early 1983 in an effort to bolster prices and reduce vast wheat, cotton and feed grain surpluses. Under the program, farmers receive grain out of government inventories in return for an agreement to plant less. Within months, farmers will have idled more than 82 million acres of cropland across the country. But this action brings other consequences. Feed prices will skyrocket for dairy and beef farmers, and sales will plummet at industries that sell farm machinery, seed, fertilizer, and related products. In 1983, U.S. farmers are far removed from the recovery that will lift the U.S. economy from its recession.

1973 The Farm Show Complex in Harrisburg has become a major exhibition center, and Penn Lines takes an editorial stand that it’s time to update the outdated facility. 14



1993 The Raystown Hydroelectric Project at Raystown Lake in Huntingdon County celebrates five years from its first day of commercial operation on June 15, 1988.

2003 Bob Brace, an electric cooperative member from Erie County, has spent 16 years challenging the federal government’s right to declare part of his property as wetlands.


Herbs for eating healthy THIS YEAR, I am planting a healthy herb garden. Not the kind filled with medicinal herbs, but the culinary herbs that make our food tasty and enjoyable — without the alltoo-customary additions of fats, oils, salt or sweeteners. Somehow over the years, my dietary choices slid toward the more processed foods laden with fats or oils and often excessive salt and/or sugar, and the balance shifted from “in moderation” to “in excess.” As a result, now I must focus on consuming a diet of foods lower in cholesterol and salt, and higher in healthy fruits and vegetables. As a gardener, this is a real-time, do-it-yourself, selfhelp opportunity. My vague plans for a new herb garden have turned urgent. First off, as with any plan, it’s good to make up a list of plants you want to grow and identify a spot in the yard that is suitable. As a rule, herbs are easy to BARBARA MARTIN ,

who says she began gardening as a hobby “too many years ago to count,” currently works for the National Gardening Association as a horticulturist. A former member of Gettysburg-based Adams Electric Cooperative, her articles appear in magazines and on the internet.

by Barbara Martin

grow in the sunny garden. If you can grow marigolds in the flower garden, or beans and zucchini in a veggie patch, you can grow many herbs successfully. So which herbs appeal to you? If you aren’t sure, experiment a little. I love dill with potatoes and with fish, as well as in (salty) pickles. Rosemary is good with potatoes and beans, and with chicken or pork, too. I love French thyme in soups and stews. Fresh basil is as natural a pairing with fresh tomatoes as it is with pizza. And I love bay leaf in a longsimmered tomato sauce. Oregano is a staple in my kitchen, too. Parsley brings a spritely note as either garnish or as a delicate seasoning. Parsley, sage, rosemary and thyme are all frequent recipe ingredients. How could I omit sage? A lovely flowering perennial sub shrub, sage is the traditional addition to Thanksgiving turkey filling or dressing, but it has many uses beyond that. Oregano and marjoram are good candidates, too. Every cook has her personal go-to list when it comes to selecting herbs. Mint is perfect in iced tea or lemonade, but it also brings an interesting note to green salads and is a refreshing addition to an all-veggie sandwich or wrap, and also makes a terrific hot tea. Some herbs are multi-talented. Fragrant lavender is lovely in cookies, but its scent wafting over the summer garden makes any repetitive gar-

dening chore seem like a peaceful, moving meditation rather than work. I will grow lavender in the flower garden if it doesn’t fit in the herb plot. Chives fit into a flower garden, too. This onion relative is so good with cottage or cream cheese that we can buy it preblended. Why not grow our own to snip and enjoy at its freshest right from the garden? Some herbs may be best fresh, like basil and parsley, while others are excellent dried for use out of season. Bay leaf and rosemary are great examples of familiar dried herbs, although you could keep your plant from year to year by growing it in a container and bringing it indoors for the winter. As I sketch and plan my herb garden, I marvel at the variety among herbs whether

Growing your own herbs will lead to healthier eating for you and your family.


you judge based on flavor, scent, or looks. Herbs suit virtually any garden style from Victorian to modern, and fit into nearly any sunny garden, be it one row in a traditional vegetable plot or an intensive square-foot style scheme, or even a patio container garden. I hope you are growing some herbs this season. Beyond the fun of planting, harvesting and dining, herb gardening is good exercise and, in the process, it gets us outdoors where we can appreciate nature and even relax. Extra bonus points for enjoyability — and there’s nothing I’d like better right now than a good, healthy, win-win situation. Bon appetit! l

JUNE 2013 • PENN




by James Dulley

Lower humidity, lower electric bill Reduce humidity level, set thermostat higher for summer comfort HIGH INDOOR humidity levels can make people uncomfortable. Damp, cool indoor air creates a muggy atmosphere that often feels much worse than warmer humid air from open windows. This is particularly true for allergy sufferers because many allergens thrive in damp conditions. Excessively humid indoor air also can drive up air-conditioning costs, and each degree you lower the thermostat setting increases your electric bill. First, try to reduce the humidity you produce. The kitchen and bathrooms are the greatest contributors to high humidity levels. Make sure your stove’s exhaust hood is ducted outside, not into the attic, and run the fan when cooking, especially while boiling water. Also consider using small countertop cooking appliances outdoors on a patio or deck. Run the bathroom vent fan whenever showering or bathing. Some of the new, quiet bathroom vent fans have humidity level sensors to run long enough to exhaust the moisture, but not too long to waste electricity and conditioned indoor air. You can also try a simple countdown timer as the wall switch — set it for 30 minutes, and the fan turns itself off. If you can get the indoor humidity level low enough, it often is possible for you to get by with a much higher thermostat setting and ceiling fans. The air movement from a fan increases evaporation and creates a “wind chill” effect for added comfort. Make sure the ceiling fan rotates to blow the air downward during summer and upward on low speed during winter. 16



Proper sizing of a central air-conditioning system is critical for low humidity and comfortably cool indoor air. Over the years, you may have made energy efficiency improvements to your house, such as more insulation and new windows or doors. With these improvements, the cooling requirements for your house may have dropped. A unit that’s too large for the space will operate inefficiently and could even cause mold problems because of humidity. A licensed professional should size your central air-conditioning system using a mathematical code or an automatic computer program. If you plan to install a new high-efficiency air conditioner or heat pump, and humidity is an issue for your family, consider a two-stage or variable-output model with a variable-speed blower motor. With the matching smart thermostat, these models are designed for efficiency and humidity control. You can set both the desired temperature and humidity. The air conditioner will run as normal to cool the air to the desired temperature. Once that temperature is met, the blower speed slows to provide more dehumidification and less cooling. Installing a whole-house ERV (energy

recovering ventilation) system is an efficient way to exhaust humid indoor air and bring in fresh outdoor air. Both heat and humidity are exchanged in the system to minimize energy loss. These systems are controlled by a humidity sensor. If you don’t want to upgrade to a new, efficient air conditioner, a contractor may be able to change some settings to slow the blower motor on your current unit. This will dehumidify more, but will likely reduce its efficiency somewhat. There may be certain rooms in your house where you find the humidity level to be more uncomfortable than others. A portable air conditioner can provide spot cooling and dehumidification. Don’t forget to fix leaky gutters and downspouts. If rainwater leaks out and saturates the ground around your house, some of that moisture will eventually migrate indoors. l Have a question for Jim? Send inquiries to JAMES DULLEY , Penn Lines, 6906 Royalgreen Drive, Cincinnati, OH 45244 or visit

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by Janette He ss

Old-time eating AS Pennsylvanians and out-of-state visitors focus their attention on Gettysburg for the 150th anniversary of the epic three-day battle, thoughts sometimes turn to the everyday lives of the citizens whose fields suddenly became battlegrounds. What foods might local farm wives have been planning for the noonday meal before the two armies engaged on the morning of July 1, 1863? In those times, good eating most likely depended upon chickens, a milk cow, and — in early July — a vegetable garden. In contrast, soldiers on the march nourished themselves with hardtack, salted beef, salted pork and any local foods they could requisition along the way. During this anniversary year, revisit the down-to-earth eating that sustained Americans in the mid-19th century. Try your hand at homemade Cream Biscuits. Create a pot of Chicken and Noodles. Bake a surprisingly simple Custard Pie. Cooking methods may have changed over the years, but the resulting dishes are timeless! And on your next visit to the Gettysburg National Military Park, stop by the Refreshment Saloon at the visitor center. There, depending on the event or the day, you just might find Brian Stanton and his capable staff creating period dishes using seasonal, sustainably produced local ingredients, just the type of ingredients that would have been available 150 years ago. l A trained journalist, JANETTE HESS focuses her writing on interesting people and interesting foods. She is a Master Food Volunteer with her local extension service and enjoys collecting, testing and sharing recipes.

CUSTARD PIE 1 unbaked, 9-inch pie crust 2-3 teaspoons butter, softened 4 eggs 2 1/2 cups whole milk 1 1/2 teaspoons vanilla extract 2/3 cup sugar 1/4 teaspoon salt 1/4 teaspoon ground nutmeg, plus more for garnish

Using hand mixer or stand mixer, beat eggs lightly. Add milk, vanilla, sugar, salt and nutmeg; continue beating until well combined. Carefully rub softened butter on unbaked crust. Pour egg and milk mixture into crust. Sprinkle with additional nutmeg, if desired. Bake at 425 degre es for 20 minutes. Reduce heat to 350 degrees and continue baking until custard is set, about 10 minutes. Chill before serving.

SWEET CREAM BISCUITS 2 cups flour 2 teaspoons baking powder 1/2 teaspoon baking soda 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/4 cup butter 1 cup whipping cream 1/4 cup milk

In medium-sized bowl, combine dry ingredients. Cut in butter. Add cream; toss and stir lightly with fork. Add milk 1 tablespoon at a time until mixture forms a slightly sticky ball. Pat dough onto well-flo ured surface and form into rectangle 3/4- to 1-inch thick. Using sharp knife, cut into 12 squares. Place biscuits on ungreased baking sheet and bake at 450 degrees until browned, about 10 minutes.

CHICKEN AND NOODLES 1 whole 3- to 4-pound chicken 2 teaspoons onion powder 2 teaspoons paprika 1 teaspoon celery salt 1/2 teaspoon salt 1/2 teaspoon pepper 1/2 teaspoon garlic powder 2 stalks celery (tops included), roughly chopped 1/2 onion, roughly chopped

coat chicken Place whole chicken in slow cooker. Mix seasonings and n. Cook on chicke around and in onion and celery inside and out. Place clear. run juices and tender low for 6 to 7 hours, or until chicken is e skin remov , handle to h enoug cool When pot. from Remove chicken refrig; pieces zed bite-si into and pull meat from bones. Chop chicken recipes in nt excelle is d metho this by cooked n chicke erate. (Note that cups 2 add and pot in back calling for pre-cooked chicken.) Place skin broth; Strain broth. into skin from ings season all r water. Stir to transfe 6 cups broth. discard all solids. Skim fat off broth. Add water to make following: the Add boil. to bring and pot soup large Pour broth into 3 chicken bouillon cubes 1 tablespoon dried parsley 3 carrots, thinly sliced 12 ounces frozen, home-style egg noodles

minutes. Stir in Simmer until noodles and carrots are tender, about 20 e from heat. Remov d. desire if r, peppe and salt nal additio chicken and add servings. 10 to 8 Makes bowls. (Broth will continue to thicken.) Serve in





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Pennsylvanians walk in the footsteps of giants SEVERAL times each year, we make the four-hour drive from our home in the flatlands of Berks County to the mountains of Elk County to spend some quality time with Pennsylvania’s largest resident, the elk. The various herds and groups, currently estimated at a modern-day record of about 900 animals total, are an amazing experience, particularly when set right here in our Keystone State. I wonder if we would feel the same if elk were not isolated to just that one little pocket in northcentral Pennsylvania. There was a time before the only elk in Pennsylvania were those descendants of a handful of transplants from Yellowstone National Park. Native elk were common throughout the woodlands of Pennsylvania, right up until there was a Pennsylvania. In other words, when King Charles II awarded what is today Pennsylvania in a land is outdoor editor for The (Harrisburg, Pa.) PatriotNews and a contributor to many outdoor publications and websites, and author of more than two dozen books.. An ongoing guide to his writing and photography appears at MARCUS SCHNECK



by Marcus Schneck

charter to William Penn in 1681, his stroke of the quill was only a few decades ahead of the beginning of the end for the state’s native elk. The elk had been a staple for generations of Iroquois, Lenape, Shawnee, Susquehannock and other Native Americans. They were most abundant in the mountainous region of the northcentral part of the region and in the Poconos, but regularly wandered south along the Allegheny, Delaware, Juniata and Susquehanna river valleys, particularly during winters of deep snow, bitter temperatures and lack of food. But, as European settlement began in earnest — first at the edges of the elk’s range in the southern extremes of the state and then pressing north in the late 1600s and early 1700s — the elk were either killed or driven north and west by the clearing of the great forests. By the time of the French and Indian War (1754-1763), the elk were already in steep decline. The unregulated killing and the non-stop clearing of the land continued. Often, the giant deer were viewed as so easily accessible that only the hide, or perhaps a tooth to mark the memory, was taken from the downed animal. As the War of 1812 commenced, elk were mostly gone from southeastern and southcentral Pennsylvania and from west of the Allegheny River. They gave up the southwestern corner of the state by the time


the first passenger railway service came to the U.S. (Baltimore area) in 1830 and were gone completely from the Poconos by 1845, when the U.S. Congress was appropriating $30,000 to stock camels in the American West. The last time a herd of native elk was known to “yard” in Pennsylvania is believed to have been in the winter of 1852. A dozen of the animals gathered along the Clarion River near Ridgway, confining their activity to an ever-smaller area under the thermal cover of a stand of evergreens. They made easy and tempting prey, and by the end of that winter, all but five had been killed by local hunters. Most accounts credit Jim Jacobs, whom they are quick to identify as a “full-blooded Indian,” with killing the last native Pennsylvania elk in November 1867 near the headwaters of the Clarion River, in

Elk County is home to Pennsylvania’s elk herd that now numbers around 900.


an area known as Flag Swamp near St. Marys. Local legend holds that Jacobs tracked and stalked the animal for many days before finally wearing it down and closing in for the kill. A few accounts give the honor of the last coup de grace on Pennsylvania’s native elk to a man named John D. Decker. They place that event in 1877 in Centre County, which would have been considerably south of the remaining, known stomping grounds for the species. The wild elk in Pennsylvania today are of more recent vintage. As a matter of fact, this year we’re celebrating the 100th anniversary of the reintroduction of the species into the state in 1913, when the ancestors of today’s herd began arriving from Yellowstone National Park. l

PENNLINESclassified ISSUE MONTH: AD DEADLINE: Penn Lines classified advertisements reach more than 165,800 rural Pennsylvania households! August 2013 . . . . . . . . . June 18 Please note ads must be received by the due date to be included in the requested issue month. Ads September 2013. . . . . . . July 18 received beyond the due date will run in the next available issue. Written notice of changes and cancellations must be received 30 days prior to the issue month. Classified ads will not be accepted October 2013 . . . . . . . August 19 by phone, fax or email. For more information please contact Vonnie Kloss at 717/233-5704. CLASSIFIED AD SUBMISSION/RATES: Please use the form below or submit a separate sheet with required information. Electric co-op members: $20 per month for 30 words or less, plus 50¢ for each additional word. Non-members: $70 per month for 30 words or less, plus $1.50 for each additional word. Ad in all CAPITAL letters: Add 20 percent to total cost. ‰ Please print my ad in all CAPITAL letters. PLACE AD IN THE MONTHS OF: . WORD COUNT: ‰ I am an electric co-op member. Attached is my Penn Lines mailing label. Name/Address or Mailing Label Here: Enclosed is payment in the amount of $ . ‰ I am a non-member. Address is noted or attached at right. Enclosed is payment in the amount of $ . 1































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FREE Headings (Select One): ‰ Around the House ‰ Business Opportunities ‰ Employment Opportunities ‰ Gift and Craft Ideas ‰ Livestock and Pets ‰ Miscellaneous ‰ Motor Vehicles and Boats ‰ Nursery and Garden ‰ Real Estate ‰ Recipes and Food ‰ Tools and Equipment ‰ Vacations and Campsites ‰ Wanted to Buy SPECIAL HEADING: . SPECIAL HEADING FEE: $5 for co-op members, $10 for non-members. Applies even if heading is already appearing in Penn Lines. Insertion of classified ad serves as proof of publication; no proofs supplied. SEND FORM TO: Penn Lines Classifieds, P.O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108. Please make CHECK/MONEY ORDER payable to: PREA/Penn Lines.



FOR SALE — HRH Show-In-Tell is sired by Town Assets and Dam of GDT Cleopatra and is a 3-year-old gelding. He started under saddle and harness. He has been ridden by a 12-year-old girl and comes from an excellent bloodline. He is dark bay in color. HRH Light My Fire is sired by Illegal Motion and Dam of Furious Love. She was born on February 13, 2012. She is a beautiful filly, bay in color that comes from a world class bloodline — Man In Motion, UVM Unity, and Furious Love. Born with a natural show horse attitude, she has lots of energy to burn! HRH Ruby is sired by Illegal Motion and Dam of Gamblin Rose. She was born on March 5, 2012. She has that unique look, dark chestnut in color, which comes from her rare bloodline — Trophy, Fleetwing, Beamington and world class champions, Man In Motion and UVM Unity. She was born with a show horse attitude that will make you smile! We invite you to come and see any of these beauties in person. You won’t be disappointed! For more information or photos of any of them, please call or email Hal Hoover at (home) 814-674-5087, (cell) 814-2414962 or (email)

If you can dream it, we can build it. No building too big or too small. USA made steel buildings, Amish crafted wood structures. Guaranteed financing, backed by full Warranties. 570-869-2631 or 570-721-2844.

AROUND THE HOUSE “COUNTRY COOKING,” Volume 2 — $8, including postage. “RECIPES REMEMBERED,” Volume 3 — $12, including postage. Both of these cookbooks are a collection of recipes from men and women of the electric co-ops of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Payable to: Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association, P. O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108. Write Attention: Cookbooks. Volume 1 of “Country Cooking” is SOLD OUT. ARTS AND CRAFTS FAIR HIGH COUNTRY Arts and Crafts Fair. S. B. Elliott State Park. 160 vendors, food, entertainment. 1/2 mile off I-80, Exit 111 (old 18). All day July 7. For more info call 814-765-5667.

CENTRE FOREST RESOURCES. Maximizing present and future timber values, Forest Management Services, Managing Timber Taxation, Timber Sales, Quality Deer Management. FREE Timber Consultation. College educated, professional, ethical. 814-867-7052. CRANE SERVICE

BUILDING SUPPLIES STEEL ROOFING AND SIDING. Corrugated sheets (cut to length). Our best residential roofing $2.25/lineal foot. Also seconds, heavy gauges, odd lots, etc. Located in northwestern Pennsylvania. 814-398-4052. FACTORY SECONDS of insulation, 4 x 8 sheets, foil back. RValue 6.5 per inch. Great for pole buildings, garages, etc. 814-442-6032. BUSINESS OPPORTUNITIES PIANO TUNING PAYS — Learn at home with American School of Piano Tuning home-study course in piano tuning and repair. Tools included. Diploma granted. Call for free brochure 800-497-9793. EXPERIENCE Ultimate Health and Earn a Living too or just use the products! Join a world leader in Whole-Body Nutritional Cleansing, Cellular Replenishing & Youthful Aging!™ Share the lifestyle with products that change lives – increased energy, better sleep, weight release, healthy aging, and more! Money-back guarantee! Call 866-8844501! CONSULTING FORESTRY SERVICES NOLL’S FORESTRY SERVICES, INC. performs Timber Marketing, Timber Appraisals, Forest Management Planning, and Forest Improvement Work. FREE Timber Land Recommendations. 30 years experience. Call 814-4728560.

NEED A LIFT? Crane service for all your lifting needs. Experienced, fully Insured, Owner-Operated and OSHA Certified. Precision Crane, Linesville, PA. 814-282-9133. FENCING Building a fence? Find hydraulic post drivers, high-tensile wire, electric fence, electric netting, rotational grazing supplies, tools and more from Kencove Farm Fence Supplies. FREE Fence Guide/Catalog – Call 800-536-2683! GIFT AND CRAFT IDEAS “COUNTRY COOKING,” Volume 2 — $8, including postage. “RECIPES REMEMBERED,” Volume 3 — $12, including postage. Both of these cookbooks are a collection of recipes from men and women of the electric co-ops of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Payable to: Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association, P. O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108. Write Attention: Cookbooks. Volume 1 of “Country Cooking” is SOLD OUT. GRASS FED BEEF 100% GRASS FED BEEF. Our holistic management produces the highest quality meat. Animals graze on a natural diet, are never fed grain, growth hormones, antibiotics or pesticides. McCormick Farm, LLC 814-472-7259.

JUNE 2013 • PENN






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WANTED — Someone to tear down an old house for its material. Call 814-542-2422.

FREE SAMPLE Shaklee’s Energy Tea. Combination red, green and white teas that are natural, delicious, refreshing, safe. For sample or more information on tea or other Shaklee Nutrition/Weight Loss Products: 800-4033381 or

HEALTH INSURANCE DO YOU HAVE THE BLUES regarding your Health Insurance? We cater to rural America's health insurance needs. For more information, call 800-628-7804 (PA). Call us regarding Medicare supplements, too. HOLIDAY CAMPING WARREN COUNTY FAIRGROUNDS in Pittsfield, PA is proud to announce Holiday Camping May 24th-26th, June 28th-July 6th, August 30th-September 1st. Many campsites to choose from. For reservations or information call 814-730-4644 or 814-730-2890. INFRARED SAUNAS Removes toxins, burns calories, relieves joint pain, relaxes muscles, increases flexibility, strengthens immune system. Many more HEALTH BENEFITS with infrared radiant heat saunas. Economical to operate. Barron’s Furniture, Somerset, PA. 814-443-3115.

ADAMS COUNTY MASSEUR — Stressors like child-rearing and anxiety from jobs or business associates where a good physical/social manipulation could benefit your overall outlook on life. Call Ken 717-528-4945. Near Route 15/94 intersection. MOTORCYCLE-SNOWMOBILE INSURANCE For the best INSURANCE RATES call R & R Insurance Associates from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. at 800-442-6832 (PA). MOTOR VEHICLES AND BOATS 16’ FISHING BOAT with live well side console. Stainless prop, 75 H.P. Yamaha outboard, galvanized trailer. Nice boat. Call at 570-596-4951. NURSERY AND GARDEN Norway Spruce, Serbian Spruce and White Pine. 7-9 tall. B&B delivery available. Discounts on volume. Prices negotiable. Great for privacy, landscaping, wildlife cover. Cambria County 814-525-1760. OUTDOOR FURNITURE POLY AND WOOD Outdoor Furniture. Large selection, competitive prices. Deep discounts available for display pieces. Call for free full-color brochure and price list. 717532-4561.

LANDOWNER INCOME OPPORTUNITY POOL AND SPAS The Other Cash Crop…Hunting Rights. Our hunters will pay top dollar to hunt your land. Free info packet and quote 866-309-1507.

LOW-COST HOT TUBS — NEW factory direct, ready to plug and play, durable and simple for outdoor patios, gardens, and vacation homes.

LAWN AND GARDEN EQUIPMENT REAL ESTATE HARRINGTONS EQUIPMENT COMPANY, 475 Orchard Rd., Fairfield, PA 17320. 717-642-6001 or 410-756-2506. Lawn & Garden equipment, Sales – Service - Parts. www.Harringtons LEGAL SERVICES

Montrose Home on 40 acres. 3 bedrooms, 3 baths, eat-inkitchen, dining room, living room, sun room, family room, deck, huge basement, 2.5 car garage with 2-story loft, 58’ storage building. REDUCED for QUICK SALE $315,000. Call 973-579-1636.


LOG HOME on eight acres. 3 bedrooms, 2.5 baths, full basement, integral garage, solid cherry floors, Trane furnace, Anderson windows, deck, porches, landscaped with a view out every window. Lyona, 11 miles east of Meadville. $209,900. 814-789-4336 or 502-321-6090.

PEMBROKE WELSH CORGI Puppies — AKC, adorable, intelligent, highly trainable. Excellent family choice. Reputable licensed breeder guaranteed “Last breed you’ll ever own.” 814-587-3449.

18.453 ACRE FARMETTE — Chestnut Ridge School District, New Paris, PA. 4 bedrooms, 1 1/2 baths, energy efficient farm house, bank barn with box stalls. Approximately 16 tillable acres. $235,000. 814-839-4802.

NIGERIAN DWARF GOATS (miniature dairy goats) available to very good and loving homes. Our goats are raised with lots of TLC. They are good milkers and wonderful pets/companions. AGS registered, de-horned, micro chipped, very healthy. Some are already trained for grooming/milking stand. Both sexes available and various ages. Call Sue Graver 717-487-0785.


WORKERS’ COMPENSATION: Injured and want to know your rights? Call us at 877-291-9675 for FREE advice or visit our website for your FREE book at

LOG CABIN RESTORATIONS VILLAGE RESTORATIONS & CONSULTING specializes in 17th and 18th century log, stone and timber structures. We dismantle, move, re-erect, restore, construct and consult all over the country. Period building materials available. Chestnut boards, hardware, etc. Thirty years experience, fully insured. Call 814-696-1379. LOG HOME PRESERVATION Whether you are preserving your dream home or restoring your piece of history, Perma Chink Systems, Inc. manufactures the highest quality products specifically formulated for natural wood homes. Call 800-257-4864 or visit




“COUNTRY COOKING,” Volume 2 — $8, including postage. “RECIPES REMEMBERED,” Volume 3 — $12, including postage. Both of these cookbooks are a collection of recipes from men and women of the electric co-ops of Pennsylvania and New Jersey. Payable to: Pennsylvania Rural Electric Association, P. O. Box 1266, Harrisburg, PA 17108. Write Attention: Cookbooks. Volume 1 of “Country Cooking” is SOLD OUT. TASTY, HEALTHY ECONOMICAL Recipes for Adults. Created by major research universities, foundations and USDA. USDA Nutritional Facts and cost per serving for each recipe: calories, fats, sodium, carbohydrates, protein. Color photos. Easy to read. Large pages. Satisfaction Guaranteed. $12. Cash. Checks or Money Orders payable to SCC. Mail to Recipe Research Institute, P. O. Box 333, Nicholson, PA 18446-0333. SAWMILLS USED PORTABLE Sawmills and COMMERCIAL Sawmill Equipment! Buy/Sell. Call Sawmill Exchange 800-459-2148. USA and Canada.

STORAGE SHEDS AMISH BUILT SHEDS — Custom made-to-order, board and batten siding, steel roof, delivery available. 8x10 - $925; 10x12 - $1,250; 10x20 - $1,850; 12x20 - $2,150; 12x28 $2,950. We also build chicken coops, hunting shanties, dog houses. Aaron Lee, 16609 State Highway 8, Centerville, PA 16404. TIMBER FRAME HOMES SETTLEMENT POST & BEAM BUILDING COMPANY uses timehonored mortise, tenon and peg construction paired with modern engineering standards. Master Craftsman and owner, Greg Sickler, brings over two decades of timberframing experience to helping you create your dream. We use high-quality timbers harvested from sustainable forests for all of our projects. Visit our model home, located on Historic Route 6, Sylvania, in North Central Pennsylvania. For more information phone 570-297-0164 or go to or contact us at TOOLS AND EQUIPMENT FARMI WINCH — The original and still the best. Free shipping anywhere in Pennsylvania. Chokers and snatch block included with each sale. Next day service. Call day or night, leave message. 814-697-6578. TRACTOR PARTS – REPAIR/RESTORATION ARTHURS TRACTORS, specializing in vintage Ford tractors, 30-years experience, on-line parts catalog/prices, Indiana, PA 15701. Contact us at 877-254-FORD (3673) or TREE TRIMMING/REMOVAL TOM’S TREE SERVICE – Tree Trimming/Removal – Storm Clean-up – Stump Grinding – Land Clearing – Bucket Truck and Chipper – Fully Insured – Free Estimates – Call 24/7 – 814-448-3052 – 814-627-0550 – 26 Years Experience. TREXPERTS TREE SERVICE Tree Trimming/Removal. Storm cleanup, land clearing, bucket truck and chipper, climbers (invasive and noninvasive). Fully insured, free estimates. No job too big or small. 724-464-4215. VACATIONS AND CAMPSITES LAKE RAYSTOWN Vacation House Rental. Sleeps 11, fireplace, four bedrooms, dining table for 12, central A/C, two Satellite TVs, two full baths, two half baths, linens/towels provided, large recreation room. Large parking area for boat, one mile to Snyders Run Boat Launch. Minimum two nights. Call 814-931-6562. Visit FAMILY FRIENDLY Cabin Getaway. Secluded and pleasantly rustic in central PA. Electricity, hot water, bathroom with shower. Sleeps twelve. Attractive rates. 717-989-7864. RAYSTOWN LAKE — Vacation Rental House. Two miles from James Creek Launch, sleeps ten, 1 1/2 baths, satellite TV, plenty of boat parking, open year-round, very reasonable rates. Call 717-292-7578. COLORADO Elk and Mule Deer Hunt Archery and Rifle seasons, late season Cow Hunts. 970-858-9555. LUXURY RESORTS $395/WEEK! Never any fees. Travel now or up to 1 year — Perfect graduation, wedding, retirement gift. Ask me about $40 “discount”… Access worldwide destinations via STEP 3 at

Beautiful COUNTRY VACATION Rental — Northwestern Pennsylvania close to Erie, Kinzua Dam, Titusville Railroad. Three bedroom, sleeps 6-8 people. Great for hunting, fishing, four-wheeling. Call 814-436-7012 for more information. Can email pictures. WANTED TO BUY CARBIDE — Paying cash/lb. — Some examples of items that have carbide pieces at their tips for cutting or drilling are: coal mining machinery — roof bits — road bits — gas/oil/water well drill bits — machining inserts as well as many others. We will pick up your materials containing carbide pieces. We will extract the carbide item from the part in which it is held in most cases. 814-395-0415. OLD JAPANESE MOTORCYCLES from the years 1960 through 1976. Any model in any condition considered. Prefer complete motorcycles with valid title. 440-352-0081. WANTED TO LEASE FARM LAND for local grass fed beef grazing operation. Holistic approach and active grazing plan proven to enhance soil, wildlife, and land quality. Cambria and surrounding counties. McCormick Farm LLC. 814-472-7259.

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(continued from page 13) re-enactment, first organized in 1995 by the Gettysburg Anniversary Committee, is scheduled for July 4-7 at 1085 Table Rock Road, Gettysburg, on 1,000 acres owned by Adams Electric Cooperative members David and Clara Redding and Barb and Jim Entwistle. In addition to battle re-enactments, there will be a myriad of other period activities to participate in, including historical discussions of battle plans, a Civil War-era wedding, battlefield photography, Civil War medical treatment, religious services and ghost stories. Each year, the committee chooses to donate a portion of the gate entry fees to several community and preservation causes. The Blue Gray Alliance, a non-profit organization comprised of many of the major re-enacting organizations across the country, is also holding a re-enactment of the Battle of Gettysburg this year. It is scheduled for June 27-30 at a farm owned by Adams Electric Cooperative member Nancy Bushey located along Pumping Station Road near Gettysburg. In addition to the battles, there will be a period “community” featuring civilians going about their 1863 life. It will include farmers, shopkeepers, seamstresses and woodworkers, along with talks by historians, a period church service, a Civil Warera ball, and period music. Both of the off-site battle re-enactments are privately organized; neither is affiliated with the Gettysburg National Military Park, and both are expected to

CIVIL WAR-ERA LIFE: Spencer Waldron and Hilda Koontz, Gettysburg area residents, are photographed wearing Civil War-era clothing by RJ Gibson Photography Studio. The studio uses period cameras and finishing techniques.

draw thousands of re-enactors. In contrast to park-sponsored anniversary events, which are free, there is a fee to attend the battle re-enactments. As Gettysburg prepares for the crowds predicted by sources to range anywhere from 2 million to 4 million during this anniversary year, Waldron notes his anticipation of the upcoming events. “Gettysburg is Mecca for Civil War reenactors and historians,” he says. “I know some people don’t appreciate what they have, but Gettysburg is the crown jewel of Civil War sites. The 150th will be something to tell your grandkids about. … My great-great grandfather was with the 93rd New York, and I grew up hearing those stories. We all owe those Civil War soldiers something. Re-enactors FOUR SCORE AND SEVEN YEARS AGO: President Abraham Lincoln are big on history and battledelivered a speech that would become known as ‘The Gettysburg field preservation; that’s all Address’ on Nov. 19, 1863, at the dedication of the Soldiers’ any of us can do for those National Cemetery in Gettysburg, just months after the Union guys now. They deserve our troops were victorious at the Battle of Gettysburg. It is widely regarded as one of the greatest speeches in U.S. history. interest and our respect.” l JUNE 2013 • PENN



RURALreflections Summer days AS late spring fades to early summer, take time to enjoy the beauty that Pennsylvania offers this time of year. Choosing to spend the day fishing, enjoying the butterflies, or attending a small child’s baseball game is time well spent as the daylight hours are at their peak this month. Be sure to take your camera along on your summer adventures, and plan to share those photographs with “Rural Reflections.” At the end of the year, five lucky winners will receive a $75 prize in the categories of: most artistic, best landscape, best human subject, best animal subject and editor’s choice. Send your photos (no digital files, please) to: Penn Lines Photos, P.O. Box 1266, Harrisburg PA 17108-1266. On the back of each photo, include your name, address, phone number and the name of the electric cooperative that serves your home, business or seasonal residence. (The best way to include this information is by affixing an address label to the back of the photo. Please do not use ink gel or roller pens to write on the photo.) Our publication deadlines require that we work ahead, so send your seasonal photos in early. We need fall photos before mid-July and winter photos before mid-September. (Save your spring and summer photos for the 2014 contest.) Photos that do not reflect any season may be sent at any time during the year. Please note: photos will be returned only if a self-addressed, stamped envelope is included. l

Sandi Smith REA Energy

Lori Wilkinson Warren EC

Leonard Hege Adams EC

Debbie Luchansky Northwestern REC 24




Thoughts from Earl Pitts, UHMERIKUN! Earl pitches the idea that baseball’s charm is that it is slow, boring

Social commentary from Earl Pitts —— a.k.a. GARY BUR BANK , a nationally syndicated radio personality —— can be heard on the following radio stations that cover electric cooperative service territories in Pennsylvania: WANB-FM 103.1 Pittsburgh; WARM-AM 590 Wilkes-Barre/Scranton; WIOO-AM 1000 Carlisle; WEEO-AM 1480 Shippensburg; WMTZ-FM 96.5 Johnstown; WQBR-FM 99.9/92.7 McElhattan; WLMI-FM 103.9 Kane; and WVNW-FM 96.7 Burnham-Lewistown.

For all you stuck-up, self-righteous, mouth-breathin’ sports idiots out there that don't like baseball ‘cause it’s too slow or it’s too borin’, or it don’t got the action an’ excitement of football or basketball, I have one thing to say. I do not disagree with you. I love baseball — because it IS slow an’ borin’. That’s what we call the charm of the game. You can be watchin’ a baseball game, fall asleep on the couch, wake up 45 minutes later an’ you didn't miss nothin’. It was 2 to 1 in the second inning when you nodded off. It’s 3 to 2 in the sixth when you wake up. To me, that’s like fallin’ asleep when you’re drivin’. If you snap back awake an’ you’re still on the road, I say, “No harm, no foul.” This is what I think is the beauty of baseball. You don’t got no clock, so you don’t got so many minutes to get somethin’ done. You don’t got to hurry. Instead of 60 minutes, you get 27 outs. You can’t stop time from passin’. But if you can string together a couple of bloop singles and a walk or two, you can keep a baseball game goin’ forever. Which sometimes they do. Then, baseball’s got a certain simplicity to it. Like you’re watchin' a football game, an’ listenin’ to Chris Collinsworth explain a play — that’s like listenin’ to Alfred Einstein discuss relativity. “You got a pistol offense with a wildcat linin’ up against a nickel defense playin’ zone with a spy watchin’ for anyone comin’ out of the backfield into space.” What does that even mean? Wake up, America. I would appreciate an expert color commentator that’s as clueless as me sometimes. But then, I appreciate anybody as clueless as me.

I just heard the world space agency is lookin’ for volunteers for a dangerous 500-day mission to Mars an’ back. I always wanted to be an astronaut, and I figger I could do the job — as long as Mars

ain’t run by highly intelligent monkeys. Then I read a little bit more a’ what they’re lookin’ for. You will be in a cramped space capsule the size of a RV for a year and a half. No yard work and you will eat dehydrated food for 16 months. I always said I could live on beef jerky. But here’s the tough one — for 500 days, you will have to drink your own recycled, purified urine. Uh, Houston, we have a problem. But I’m still thinkin’ I would really like to be an astronaut. They want two astronaut volunteers — a man an’ a woman. That might be OK. Me an’ that Sigourney Weaver chick. Or Princess Leah. Who am I kiddin’? Five hundred days in space with Judy Jetson would be fine with me. But then I hear they’re lookin’ for a husband-an’-wife team. Let me get this straight. You want me to be stuck in space in a capsule the size of a tent camper, eatin’ beef jerky an’ drinkin’ my own recycled urine for 500 days. With Pearl? That’s why they say in space that nobody can hear you scream. Because there would be plenty of that. If an alien got on board, I’d drop my laser gun an’ put barbecue sauce on my head. Let me tell you what would happen if me and Pearl was in outer space together for 500 days. After one week, there’s gonna be a chalk line down the center of the capsule with my side and her side. Then, within four weeks or so, I’m gonna be in the escape pod. And I got some other thoughts. How many underpants you gonna pack for a trip like that ‘cause it don’t sound like the space capsule is comin’ with a washer and dryer. What about room for a hundred cartons of smokes to get me through 500 days. With Pearl. In space. Wake up, America. I know you NASA boys don’t want to make a decision until you find out if I’m volunteerin’ or not. It’s just that there’s a lot of things to consider. I’m Earl Pitts, Uhmerikun. l JUNE 2013 • PENN




Vinegar, Better than Prescription Drugs? Thousands of years ago ancient healers trusted apple cider vinegar, and modern research shows - vinegar truly is a wonder cure! In fact, apple cider vinegar’s biggest fans believe this golden liquid can help solve the most troublesome of human afflictions. Since even the earliest of times a daily vinegar cocktail was used to help control appetite to lose weight and continue good health. And now after years of continued research all across the globe, over 1000 new vinegar super-remedies and tonics are available in the brand new 208-page Vinegar Anniversary Book by famed natural health author, Emily Thacker. Author of the very first book of its kind since the 1950’s, Ms. Thacker brings her unique wisdom, experience and down-home flavor to this complete collection. From the Bible to Cleopatra to the fierce Samurai warriors of Japan, vinegar has been documented as a powerful tonic to ensure strength, power and long life. In China, the health system that has been in place for thousands of years recognizes the value of vinegar. Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) oversees the health of millions of Chinese – not with modern drugs – but with proven remedies that include vinegar. Today’s research studies and scientific reports continue to praise the healing powers of vinegar to maintain good health and well being. Even grandma knew that her old remedies worked even if she wasn’t able to explain why. And scientific research confirms this. For instance, grandma said putting diluted vinegar in the ears would ward off infections. The American Academy of Otolaryngology’s doctors – who specialize in treating infections like swimmer’s ear now recommend using a vinegar mixture as a preventative. The Yale-New Haven hospital uses vinegar as a hospital disinfectant. When after-surgery eye infections became a problem, their Department of Bacteriology solved it with vinegar. Food poisoning? Some doctors suggest that regular vinegar use can prevent it!

The 208-page Vinegar Anniversary Book will amaze you with its over 1000 natural remedies, secrets, tonics and cure-alls for a healthier, happier life. You’ll get easy recipes that mix vinegar with other common household items to help: s Calm an upset stomach s Ease leg cramps s Soothe sprained muscles s Control appetite to lose weight s Relieve coughs s Banish nausea s Arthritis pain s Make hiccups disappear s Cool a sunburn s Boost memory s Reduce sore throat pain s Relieve itchy skin s Lower blood pressure & cholesterol s Eliminate bladder infections s Chase away a cold s Treat burns s Reduce infection s Aid digestion s Improve memory s Soothe sore feet s Treat blemishes & age spots s Remove corns & calluses s Replace many household cleaners And that’s just the beginning of the over 1000 new and improved hints and tips that you’ll get. 50 years ago a daily dose of an apple cider vinegar and honey tonic was used to ease arthritis. During the last 30 years or so, many wonder drugs have replaced this timetested home remedy. Now vinegar, along with countless other old-time tonics, have new supporters including many medical professionals. The reason? Almost everybody has experienced the negative side of some of the powerful new drugs. Strep and Staph infections? Vinegar is a powerful antiseptic and kills even these dangerous bacteria on contact. Headaches will fade away with this simple vinegar concoction. Feel good and look good with these hair and skin-friendly vinegar remedies. You’ll learn when you should and should not use vinegar. Can apple cider vinegar really do all this? The answer is yes because it is such a marvelous combination of tart good

taste, germ-killing acid and an assortment of important vitamins and nutrients. Join readers like L.S. of Monroe, N.C. who says “Thanks, this book is wonderful. A real life saver for me!” Find different ways to combine vinegar with common foods like lemon juice, blueberries, onion, strawberries, garlic, honey, ginger and more to create recipes to help improve health and quality of life. All new ideas to put vinegar to work around the home to clean, disinfect and eliminate mold and mildew. Great for those with allergies or asthma! Save money as you put Emily’s latest discoveries to the test! There’s even 365 additional tidbits to take you through the year beginning with January’s winter snows through the dogdays of summer and into the golden leaves of autumn. Yes that’s over 1000 tried-and-true remedies and recipes in this handsome collector’s edition and it’s yours to enjoy for 90-risk free days. That’s right, you can read and benefit from all 208-pages without obligation to keep it. To get your copy of the Vinegar Anniversary Book direct from the publisher at the special introductory price of $19.95 plus 3.98 shipping and handling (total of $23.93, OH residents please add 6.25% sales tax) simply do this: Write “Vinegar Anniversary” on a piece of paper and mail it along with your check or money order payable to: James Direct Inc., Dept. VA2101, 500 S. Prospect Ave., Box 980, Hartville, Ohio 44632. You can charge to your VISA, MasterCard, Discover or American Express by mail. Be sure to include your card number, expiration date and signature. Want to save even more? Do a favor for a relative or friend and order 2 books for only $30 postpaid. It’s such a thoughtful gift. Remember: It’s not available in book stores at this time. And you’re protected by the publisher’s 90-Day Money Back Guarantee. SPECIAL BONUS - Act promptly and you’ll also receive The Very Best Old-Time Remedies booklet absolutely FREE. It’s yours to keep just for previewing “The Vinegar Anniversary Book.” Supplies are ©2013 JDI VA142S15 limited. Order today.

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Penn Lines June 2013  
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