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Firearms Journal December


Youth Mentors - Preserving our Firearms Heritage! Political Activism & New Firearms Media Wanted...Guns or Else! - CFO Under Fire! Fully Committed On All Fronts:

Canada’s National Firearms Association

Greeting from Head Office Happy Holidays from Head Office! We are starting the New Year full of enthusiasm, optimism, and with many ideas to make 2011 the best year ever for Canada’s National Firearms Association. Early February will mark the start of our long-awaited court challenge over the RCMP’s right to unilaterally reclassify a modern semi-auto sporting rifle such as the Norinco Type-97A. Check our website for updates on the proceedings and to make a donation! We need your help! Although the planned Canadian Firearms Summit, previously scheduled for this December, has been scrubbed, we have faith in the concept and hope to host a similar event sometime in 2011.


We’re also in the process of planning our next AGM as well. This year, why not plan your vacation around the Annual General Meeting and stop by for a visit? Last year’s AGM was a great success and we look to 2011 to be even better. Finally, if you are hosting a gun show in 2011 and would like the NFA to attend, or are interested in helping to man the NFA table at your local show; please drop us a line so we can put your it on our schedule or add you to our volunteer roster. In closing, thanks to one and all for your past & future support; and from everyone here at head office, please have a safe and happy holiday! Bev, Megan, Ted & Diane


Inside This Issue


From the Editor’s Desk ...................................................... 4 Sean G. Penney

Members Survey .................................................................. 5 NFA Exerctive

President’s Message – . .....................................................6-7 Sheldon Clare

Vice President’s Column – . ..............................................8-9 Blair Hagen

Letters to the Editor. ..................................................... 10-11 Preserving Our Firearms Heritage – ................ 12-13 Gary K. Kangas & Branko Diklitch

Politics & Guns The Rule of Law, The Police and the Common Man.....14-17 La Police en Politique..........................................................30-33

On The Cover

Tyler Vance

From The NFA Bookshelf – Hawken Rifles - The Mountain Man’s Choice .................... 20

Canada’s recreational firearms community is aging. New shooter recruitment is critical if we are to preserve our firearms heritage. Introducing kids to the shooting sports in a fun, safe and ethical manner is critical to both the future of our sport and the preservation of our rights as law-abiding gun owners. Please consider becoming a mentor to youth in your area. Contact your local gun club, provincial hunting org or similar group and volunteer your time in this exceedingly important initiative.

Gary Mauser

Photo: Jeff Helsdon

Member’s Soapbox.........................................................38-39

Wm. R. Rantz

The International Front –

Public Health and Gun Control.................................. 26-27

Legal Corner.....................................................................34-35

Sean & Grayson Penney

Team NFA Update...........................................................36-37 Grayson Penney

Jon McCormick

Old Western Armoury – The Life and Guns of John Wesley Hardin - Part 1I......40-43

Mission Statement

Jesse L. “Wolf” Hardin

The Last Word. ................................................................46-47 Grayson Penney

Canada’s National Firearms Association exists to promote, support and protect all safe firearms activities, including the right of self defence; firearms education for all Canadians; freedom and justice for Canada’s firearms community, and Youth Apprenticeship: Introducing Kids to the Shooting to advocate for legislative change to ensure the right of all Sports in the Right Way .. ..................................................18-19 Jeff Helsdon Canadians to own and use firearms is protected. The New Face of Firearms Media..................................22-25


The contents of the Canadian Firearms Journal are copyright- Mike Dixon ed and may be reproduced only when written permission is Shooting Like a Girl..........................................................28-29 Oleg Volk obtained from the publisher.



From The Editor’s Desk As 2010 draws to a close, we cannot help but look to the future with optimism. As we were putting the final touches on this issue of CFJ, we learned that the Conservatives had won 2 of 3 federal by-elections, including the long-time Liberal bastion of Vaughn. Will 2011 see a metro-Toronto breakthrough for the CPC? We can only hope, but the recent win by Julian Fantino and Rob Ford, as mayor of Toronto, would indicate that even urban voters are growing discontented with the status quo. In keeping with the ‘future’ theme, in this issue we look to the broader issue of recruitment and more specifically the place kids and female shooters will play in this quest. New contributor Jeff Helsdon writes about his involvement with youth mentoring programs that aid kids in becoming safely involved in hunting activities and the shooting sports. My co-editor, Grayson, touches on some of the same material in his column the ‘Last Word,’ while past contributor, Jon McCormick, hops up on the Members Soapbox and offers his view on the issue of kids, guns and zero tolerance in our schools. Long-time photo contributor and writer, Oleg Volk joins us this issue with the story of several very talented female shooters. Hopefully, those reading these words will look to these two amazing women for inspiration and introduce their wives, daughters, sisters and mothers to the shooting sports. Many of you, who have recently visited our web page, will notice the distinctive ‘F’ logo off to the side. Thanks to a dedicated volunteer, the NFA is now on Facebook and we are working to improve both our

website and RSS feed. Check back often to see the improvements. In this connection, we welcome another new contributor, Mike Dixon, to the CFJ fold, with his article on ‘New Firearms Media’ and the role Internet forums, podcasts and video sharing sites has played and will continue to play in our push to protect our rights as law-abiding gun owners Our regulars are back once more, with Bill Rantz hitting the NFA Bookshelf with his review of “Hawken Rifles.” Gary Mauser returns with his fascinating essay on public health and the issue of gun control; while Gary Kangas, and new writing partner Branko Diklitch, offer up their own ingenious approach to ‘preserving our firearms heritage’ by putting vintage firearms back in action. You handloaders out there will be sure to appreciate this one! Perennial favourite, Jesse Hardin, returns with Part II of his take on the life of notorious ‘badman’ John Wesley Hardin in this issue’s ‘Old Western Armoury,’ and I weigh in with another edition of ‘Legal Corner.’ Owners of S&W MP-15-22 rimfire rifles will want to check this article out! My co-editor, Grayson, also checks in with TEAM NFA members and provides us with another fascinating update as to what this trio of talented competitors have been up to for the past couple of months. For one team member, the past two months have been life-changing! You’ll have to check out the update to find out how.

piece, and then with his regular English language column. We’d originally planned on running a ‘police & guns’ trilogy, but response has been so overwhelming that we decided to revisit another aspect of the issue. Recent revelations concerning a provincial CFO has certainly raised more than a few eyebrows across the country. Getting back to pure politics, National President Sheldon Clare discusses his recent trip to San Francisco to attend the annual gun rights policy conference hosted by the Second Amendment Foundation; while VP Blair Hagen provides his analysis of the terrible private member’s bill offered by NDP MP Charlie Angus. Once again, the ‘progressives’ totally miss the boat. Also, to better service our members, we’ve included a short survey in this issue to help us better assess what services are most important to you. Please take a few minutes to fill out the survey and return it as soon as possible. We will randomly draw for three NFA ‘SWAG’ bags consisting of a selection of NFA merchandise, including hats, shirts, tote bag, etc… To get you name in the draw, you need to send back your survey! Finally, on behalf of my co-editor and I, along with everybody here at Canadian Firearms Journal, I would like to extend our best wishes to you all for a happy and safe holiday season. Merry Christmas everybody!

Popular and controversial commentator, Tyler Vance returns this issue for a ‘twofer’ at the request of our Quebec directors; first with a full French language translation of Tyler’s previous Politics & Guns


June/July December

Respo to our nd s and W urvey IN fanta 1 of 3 stic Swag NFA bags!


In order to provide the best value to our membership we urgently require feedback from all of our members to effectively represent, protect and fight for your Canadian firearms rights. We need to know what benefits are important to you and how the NFA can best use your membership fees and donations. You can help us by filling out this short membership survey below, and mailing it TODAY to the NFA or you, your family and club members can also fill it out on-line NOW at 1) Your Canadian Firearms Journal (CFJ) is mailed with Canada’s Outdoor Sportsman magazine 6 times a year. Please circle the answer that best applies to you.

I read the Canadian Firearms Journal 1 Always 2 Sometimes 3 Rarely 4 Never I read The Canada’s Outdoor Sportsman Magazine 1 Always 2 Sometimes 3 Rarely 4 Never

I would prefer to continue receiving both publications paid by my NFA membership fees.

I would prefer to receive the Canadian Firearms Journal and be given the option to continue to receive Canada’s Outdoor Sportsman Magazine at discounted subscription rate of $1.75 per issue equal to an additional $10.50 a year. (A savings of $14.50 off the regular rate)

2) Currently the NFA covers the mailing costs of both publications and pays a subsidized subscription rate to Canada’s Outdoor Sportsman for members to receive both publications. Please check only one of the three statements that would best apply.

I would prefer to receive only the Canadian Firearms Journal and have the NFA use the savings for other important firearms rights programs.

3) Please answer the following statement with either a true or false response.

If I no longer received Canada’s Outdoor Sportsman magazine with my Canadian Firearms Journal

I would not renew my membership.



4) As a not for profit organization with an all volunteer, elected executive, comprised of members just like you, from across Canada, we are looking at ways to reduce mailing costs and maximize effiency. Please answer the following questions with a yes or no response.

I would prefer to receive my yearly renewal by a secured email to help save cost rather than have it printed and sent by mail. YES I would prefer email NO I would prefer to be mailed my renewal

Would you be willing to receive other information and updates on important firearms issues or NFA matters by email.



Thank you for providing your feedback regarding this valuable information that will help the NFA make some important decisions as to how you and other members would like to see your membership fees managed. Please complete the survey, fill out the information below, enclose this page in an envelope and mail it to the NFA Box 52183, Edmonton, AB T6G 2T5 First Name Address

Last Name:

Membership No


Postal Code

If you would like to receive your membership renewal and other communications by email please print your email address clearly in the space provided. Check out our website at for our newest membership benefits from Uniglobe GEO Travel offering exclusive travel discounts to NFA members. Go to the member’s section and enter your membership number to find incredible savings from the city closest to you. Don’t forget our hotel and car rental savings. Now you can become a friend of the NFA by joining us on Facebook. YES, I would like to be contacted by email to save costs Email address

Please note: The Canada’s National Firearms Association is a not for profit organizations and abides by all the privacy laws and rules. While you may receive additional marketing and general information from the National Firearms Association, our members information is protected. We do not sell or provide list information to private, corporate or government organizations.



President’s Message

Looking Toward a New Paradigm by Sheldon Clare

In September, Gary Mauser and I represented Canada’s National Firearms Association at the Second Amendment Foundation’s and Citizen’s Committee on the Right to Keep and Bear Arms’ annual Gun Rights Policy Conference; this year held in San Francisco, California. There, Gary and I joined approximately another thousand or so firearm rights activists; representing organizations from all over the United States. In addition to the larger nationallevel orgs such as the SAF, GOA and NFA, etc., there were representatives from related advocacy groups such as Concealed Carry on Campus, Knife Rights, the Pink Pistols, as well as a broad cross-section of various state and community shooting organizations, and many other American civil rights organizations. There were many big names in firearms rights present to support the event. Speakers included Paxton Quigley, Massad Ayoob, Alan Gottleib, and many other pro-civil rights activists as well as lawyers, representatives from the media, and politicians and supporters from both the Democrat and Republican political parties. It was a completely open event, with strategy and policy on the floor for all to participate in. It was an inspiring event and it got me to thinking about why we don’t have this sort of collaborative meeting of the best and brightest in Canada? Many of these groups clearly have differences in their goals

and methods and some are clearly in competition for members and resources – nonetheless, they were capable of putting aside their differences, at least publicly and focusing on common goals. What I saw in San Francisco was open co-operation and collaboration, as well as many people and a lot of money to support activism. Collaboration between firearms organizations is always a topic for discussion, and on the face of it one would think that it should be a nobrainer. After all, don’t all gun groups want the same things – recognition of the right of armed self-defense, fewer restrictions on firearm users, more freedoms, less bureaucracy and regulation? In short, don’t we all want more respect? Well yes, and unfortunately no. Canada’s National Firearms Association wants to change Canadian firearms law in a fundamental way. To achieve that change means that we need to challenge the laws that are in place and the regulations arising from them and to have what has not worked completely repealed. We are not satisfied with compromises or part measures such as merely eliminating the so-called long-gun registry. Major changes mean confronting sacred cows and exposing flaws. It means making political connections and working to get people elected who support our collective goals.



Compromise positions from firearms organizations have contributed to both gradual and dramatic erosion of our civil rights around the ownership of firearms. Compromise positions mean that we give up something and our opponents gain something – it certainly doesn’t work the other way. That is not to say that change can’t happen in steps, but be wary of firearm activists that make their living from an endless fight for minor changes. These types are usually more afraid of competition from other groups than they are interested in achieving real change. Canada’s NFA wants real change and with your help we will continue to get it. In that respect, the Firearms Act as composed of Kim Campbell’s old Bill C-17 and the Liberal’s Bill C-68 must be repealed. In its place we need minimal laws that limit access of bad people to dangerous things. What we don’t need is more law that treats Canadians with disrespect and makes them into criminals for paperwork offences. Legal firearms in the hands of responsible firearms owners have never posed a significant risk to the public safety, but unfortunately Canadian law presumes otherwise and forces a reverse onus upon gun owners to disprove the official government position that we are dangerous. President...Continued on Page 21

Message du Président

Regard vers un Nouveau Paradigme En septembre dernier j’ai assisté à la conférence sur les politiques des droits des armes à feu présenté par les Second Amendment Foundation et Citizen’s Committee to Keep and Bear Arms à San Francisco, Californie. J’étais accompagné de Gary Mauser, nous représentions l’Association Canadienne des Propriétaires d’Armes à Feu. Nous nous sommes retrouvés parmi des milliers de militants des droits en matière d’armes à feu qui représentaient des organisations de partout aux ÉtatsUnis. À part les organisations de niveau national telles que la Second Amendment Foundation, la Gun Owners of America

et nous même, plusieurs autres s’y trouvaient : Entre autre, la Concealed Carry on Campus (port d’arme dissimulées au campus), Knife Rights (droit aux couteaux), les Pink Pistols (pistolets roses), plusieurs organisations communautaires et d’États représentant les sports de tir et d’autres organisations de droits civils américain. Plusieurs têtes d’affiches des droits des armes à feu appuyaient l’événement et ont donné leurs allocutions respectives. On a pu voir Paxton Quigley, Massad Ayoob, Alan Gottleib et plusieurs autres défenseurs de droits civils, des avocats, des représentants des médias et des politiciens sympathisants des 2 partis,

soit des Républicains et des Démocrates. Il s’agissait d’un événement où les politiques et les stratégies étaient diffusées librement et tous les participants étaient invités à fournir leurs idées. Cette démonstration de collaboration fût extrêmement inspirante et je me suis demandé pourquoi n’aurions nous pas ce genre de réunion entre les différentes organisations Canadiennes? Comme au Canada, les différentes organisations américaines qui étaient présente ont des objectifs différents et des méthodes de fonctionnement différentes, il y en avait même qui sont en compétition directe pour l’allocation des ressources et le recrutement des membres! Mais malgré tout, ils ont été capables de mettre leurs différences de côté et de se concentrer sur leurs objectifs communs. J’ai été témoin d’une franche collaboration, de la présence de beaucoup de militants et de beaucoup de ressources financières pour soutenir la cause. La collaboration entre les organisations pour la défense des droits en matière d’armes à feu est toujours un bon sujet de discussion qui pourtant ne devrait pas en être un, car tous les groupes ont les mêmes objectifs : La reconnaissance du droit à la légitime défense armée, moins de restrictions sur le dos des propriétaires d’armes à feu, moins de bureaucratie et de règlements. En résumé, nous voulons tous être mieux respectés, non?

Président...Suite page 21

Sheldon posing with American author, self-defence instructor, and firearms rights activist, Massad Ayoob.



Vice President’s Column

Bill C-580: NDP Smokescreen Blair Hagen, National VP Communications

Bill C-580, introduced by NDP MP Charlie Angus (Timmins-James Bay), is a private members bill that proposes amendments to the Firearms Act. Bill C-580 was born out of the controversy over another private members bill, C-391 introduced by CPC MP Candace Hoeppner. Candace Hoeppner’s bill proposed to end the long gun registration component of the Firearms Act, fulfilling part of the promise of the Conservative Government to begin much needed firearms law reform. To the surprise of many, Hoeppner’s C-391 received wide bipartisan support from Liberal and NDP members of the House of Commons, in recognition of the failure of the 1995 Liberal C-68 Firearms Act. Liberal and NDP members from ridings with strong firearms ownership have been receiving complaints and pleas for assistance for years from constituents who have been targeted by Canada’s misdirected firearms laws and the federal firearms bureaucracy. The successful second reading vote on Bill C-391 threw a scare into the leadership of the Liberal and NDP parties. The gun control lobby has successfully co-opted firearms policy in these parties for years, and there is a large anti gun constituency in the Liberals and NDP that demands that the 1995 C-68 Firearms Act be maintained and expanded, despite its colossal failure and offense against the civic rights of millions of Canadians.

In response, Liberal leader Michael Ignatieff ordered a whipped vote on Bill C-391. Therafter, Liberal Public Safety Committee member MP Mark Holland (Ajax-Pickering) introduced a motion before the House of Commons that Bill C-391 should not be allowed to go for a third reading vote. As predicted, the results of this vote was extremely close, with the NDP holding the balance of power. Although NDP leader Jack Layton declared that any vote on C-391 was to be a free vote for his members, the gun control lobby, political police chiefs and other anti gun activist groups undertook a campaign to pressure both the Liberal and the NDP to prevent a successful vote on C-391, and achieve a retention of the failed long gun registry. Bill C-391 was defeated by two votes in this motion, and both of those votes came from the NDP. The way the NDP defeated Bill C-391 and made it possible for the long gun registry to live another day is this: NDP members in weak ridings that were won by a small vote margin who had promised their constituents to vote to end long gun registration were allowed to do so. NDP members in strong ridings who had won by a large vote margin were told to vote against this effort to end long gun registration, and they did claiming that


the support of the political police chief organizations for the registry had swayed their votes. However, the political conniving of the NDP on the C-391 vote damaged their political brand and resulted in dropping poll numbers as many constituents in NDP held ridings recognized the betrayal. In an attempt to quell the controversy and arrest falling support in these ridings, NDP MP Charlie Angus has introduced his own private members bill.

Bill C-580. There are several key components of Bill C-580 that should be of great concern to the firearms community. Far from being a “compromise” as promised by Angus, Bill C-580 actually ratchets up the firearms regulatory and enforcement environment on the firearms community Bill C-580 purports to extend a first time exemption from criminal charge for failing to register a non restricted long gun. How nice for Mr. Angus to realize that universal long gun registration failed to be achieved by the Liberal government that introduced it. Unfortunately Mr. Angus confuses firearms licensing with registration, for failing to produce a registration is already punished by a fine under the current legislation. Failure to hold a valid firearms license is a Criminal Code offense, and this does not change under C-580.


There are many otherwise law abiding firearms owning Canadians who never applied for a firearms license, or have inadvertently allowed their firearms license to expire. They’re still criminals under Bill C-580. C-580 is also a gun ban bill, as evidenced by this proposed amendment: 4. Section 117.15 of the Act is amended by adding the following after subsection (2): (3) The Governor in Council may make regulations requiring a manufacturer or importer to provide information for the purpose of establishing that the thing in question is reasonable for use in Canada for hunting or sporting purposes. Sounds reasonable? Think again. This “sporting test” amendment to firearms legislation was used in the UK and Australia to ban and confiscate every semi automatic rifle and shotgun in private hands in those nations. You may not like your neighbour’s AR-15 rifle or think it is practical for the type of hunting you do, but it’s clear that Angus’s purpose here is to facilitate prohibition and confiscation of the new generation of semi automatic firearms that are so popular today with new members of the firearms community. Furthermore, this facilitates the arbitrary classification or reclassification of firearms by the firearms bureaucracy, so essentially a firearm becomes illegal and prohibited from import or possession in Canada because they say so, no other criteria than that. Canada’s convoluted and broken firearms regulations already provide for much of this, but Angus’s bill merely streamlines the process. “But also, and this is very important, we need to have gun policy in this country that ensures that guns are not able to get into the country and end up on the black market, guns that should never be classified as sports hunting guns, which are now getting in through some of the loopholes in the system, a gun such as the

Ruger Mini-14. That is not something that a legitimate duck hunter or farmer would need” - Charlie Angus, MP, Timmins James Bay. The promise to ban the Ruger Mini 14 is interesting. The Mini 14 is a .223 calibre semi automatic rifle popular for defence, varminting, and hunting within the capabilities of the .223 cartridge. Thousands are sold to farmers, coyote hunters, varmint hunters and even Atlantic Canadian sealers every year. They’re tough, robust, well-made firearms that are affordable to the working man, so why does Angus single out the Mini 14? My guess is crass political opportunism. The Mini-14 was the firearm used in the 1989 Montreal slayings of 14 female engineering students by deranged gunman Marc Lepine and it has remained a thorn in the side of the Canadian gun control movement ever since. Angus’s Mini 14 ban is payback to the gun control lobby which has been demanding a ban for decades on this and all other semi automatic rifles, nothing more. How shallow. It doesn’t stop there. Those of you who have had to deal with firearms in the estate of a deceased loved one know how difficult it is to work through the myriad of byzantine firearms regulations associated with this. Angus wants to relieve you of this pressure by having the firearms seized outright from the estate by replacing the current “reasonable time” limit for dispersing the estate, with a mandatory 90 day limit. As many know, an estate comprising a large number of firearms takes much time to clear, and it takes months if not years to retrieve estate firearms from police who consider such things a very low priority. Angus’s bill would mean estate firearms could be forfeited and destroyed by deliberate bureaucratic inaction.

Furthermore, it allows military and police to share important information with the Canadian Firearms Program, including mental health concerns. Essentially the assertion here is that military and law enforcement personnel pose an even more significant risk to public safety than regular folks if they own firearms, and there must be extra measures available to take them away. How patently offensive! Angus also promises to end the “fee” for registration of non restricted long guns, but keep it for restricted and prohibited firearms. Why on earth would the firearms community support an illegitimate fee for the transfer of private property, especially one that has not been in force for the transfer of any firearm for several years? So Bill C-580 doesn’t actually “fix” anything at all. It bans guns, imposes more useless gun control regulations, and MP Charlie Angus thinks you and the rest of the firearms community are too intellectually limited to notice any of this. Charlie Angus himself looks like the fool for this effort. Bill C-580 is trash and enjoys no support from the firearms community. None. It is doubtful that Bill C-580 will get to second reading. It is a smokescreen to deflect criticism from the NDP for saving the long gun registry. The firearms community of Canada is now a large and sophisticated block of educated voters. Until the NDP and Liberals learn this, and learn from the mistake of the C68 Firearms Act, the firearms community will continue to support the Conservative Party of Canada. And that is just Canadian Gun Politics 101.

C-580 magnanimously promises to protect the privacy of personal information contained in the registry, but provides for the release of that information to anyone “in the interests of public safety”.



Letters to the Editor Dear NFA, I’m new to the shooting community and was wondering if you could settle a question for me and my buddy. He’s also a newbie. We purchased some NRA B27 targets at a gun show in Washington State recently. At the range today another shooter rushed up to us while we were engaged in safe shooting practice using the same targets and became extremely irate; shouting at us that such targets were illegal and obscene. He threatened to call the police on us. Discretion being the better part of valour, my friend and I opted to remove ourselves from what was becoming a very volatile situation in our opinion. I asked a police officer I knew after the incident about the targets and he agreed that they were illegal. More experienced shooters I’ve spoken with tell me differently. Who am I to believe? Bill M. Hello Bill, Sorry to hear about your unfortunate encounter with what we, in the shooting community, call a ‘Range Nazi.’ You did the right thing by extricating yourself from the situation if you believed it was becoming too heated. I would suggest you contact your club’s executive and lodge a complaint against the individual in question concerning his behavior. I would also seek clarification of your club’s list of acceptable target standards. Some clubs expressly forbid certain types of targets or materials, so it may be possible that such targets are not permitted at your club.

That said, targets such as NRA B27, B34 and B29 targets are merely silhouettes with a head and a neck and are commonly used in competition such as PPC. In legal terms, none of these are illegal under current Canadian law. A number of Canadian retailers sell even more realistic photo and 3-D targets that are popular in tactical training and competition scenarios. Just like your B27 targets, they are perfectly legal. However, it would be advisable to ensure that you are compliant with your club’s rules. In this politically correct world, many club executives now frown upon certain types of targets for fear of causing offense and potentially attract negative press on their club.

- Editors

Dear NFA, I’m a life-long military surplus collector. I’ve been extremely worried about the approaching implementation of the United Nations marking scheme that the former Liberal government signed up for. Implementation will almost certainly mean the end of importing inexpensive military surplus rifles. I know the Conservatives delayed implementation before, but that deadline is fast approaching once more. What is going to happen? Is my hobby doomed?

Through the efforts of selfless execs such as Blair Hagen, Sean Penney and Sheldon Clare and NFA representative to the Canadian Firearms Advisory Council, Professor Gary Mauser, I am happy to report that implementation has been delayed until 2012 We continue to work this issue strenuously, and hopefully before the next deadline we will have succeeded in returning a majority Conservative government to Ottawa - one that will put this matter to rest once and for all.

- Editors

Dear NFA, I’m currently a serving officer in the Royal Navy but will shortly be retiring to Canada. My wife is Canadian and I am in the process of becoming a landed immigrant, with the ultimate aim of acquiring full Canadian citizenship. My wife and I already own property in Newfoundland, including a small farm, and we plan on making our home there. I understand from neighbours that coyotes are a real problem in the area. Since I plan on raising sheep, I will necessarily require access to firearms in order to protect them. My wife’s family is also keen on introducing me the joys of moose and partridge hunting, so I hope to purchase an appropriate hunting rifle and shotgun in short order.

James S. Hello James, Canada’s National Firearms Association has been working this issue tirelessly since its inception.



I’ve already made enquiries with Canadian officials, but have gotten mixed advice as to what process is involved in my obtaining a firearms licence. Can you help? Capt. John K. Hello Captain, Citizenship status or residency is essentially a nonissue under current Canadian law. You may apply for a firearms licence the same as any Canadian. The only significant difference is that as a nonresident or pending landed-immigrant, etc., you will need to provide a police background report from your place of residence indicating good conduct for the past five years. As a serving British officer, a good conduct report from your MOD may suffice, rather than having to go through your local police. In some cases, depending on your current immigration status, the background check completed for your landed immigrant application may also suffice. I would suggest you call the Canadian Firearms Program at 1-800-731-4000 and ask for their requirements. You will also need to complete the Canadian Firearms Safety Course and pass the practical and written exams the same as any other applicant. You will then be permitted to file a CAFC 921 form: Application for a Possession and Acquisition Licence under the Firearms Act (For Individuals Aged 18 and over).

- Editors


Firearms Journal

The Official Magazine of the National Firearms Association

Editor .................................................................... Sean Penney & Grayson Penney Executive VP, Operations Diane Laitila ....................................................... 780-439-1394 Accounts / Membership / General Info .... Legal Inquiries ....................................................

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Preserving Our Firearms Heritage By Gary K. Kangas and Branko Diklitch

INGENUITY PRESERVES OUR FIREARMS HERITAGE Preserving our firearms heritage takes on many forms. One of these strategies is the revival of obscure or obsolete cartridges. Branko Diklitch, renowned .577 Snider aficionado has again revived a strange little cartridge and is able to target practice with an Italian Glisenti revolver in 10.4mm Italian ordnance. The latter being a very short and very obsure 19th century cartridge. I will now turn over the narrative to Branko in the arts of reviving the arcane. Here is a little history to start with; in the early 1870’s the newly united Kingdom of Italy decided to replace its existing stocks of percussion and pin fire pistols with a modern center fire revolver. After trials a version of the Chamelot Delvigne design was settled on. The French Army Model 1873 is a more famous example of the same revolver. Several European countries adopted this design with various degrees of modifications. The Italian Army matched a Swiss inspired cartridge to their own Chamelot Delvigne pistol. Thus was born the 10.4mm Italian Ordnance cartridge and the Model 1874 Italian Ordnance revolver.

moved to Italy with Glisenti of Brescia doing most of the manufacturing. This is why at times this model tends to be called the Glisenti. Many Model 1874 revolvers were still in service during WW1 and some examples were even around in WWII. A few more than likely came back to Canada as souvenirs, having been picked up by our troops during the Italian campaign in WWII. When it comes to reloading the 10.4mm Italian Ordnance round there is a bit of required R&D involved, especially now that proper components are no longer available from American suppliers such as Buffalo Arms. Since the latter company no longer ships brass, etc., to Canada, I was left with no other choice but to try and source my components locally. I hit every gun show I could, checked with area junk shops and metal recyclers (who buy brass) and had friends and shooting

This is a robust, well built gun with a surprisingly simple and effective single and double action mechanism. Initially the Model 1874 was built in Belgium, but soon production



with a 7/16 punch is placed over the powder. The .424” bullet has the grease grooves filled with black powder lube made of beeswax and Crisco.

buddies check their reloading rooms for any unwanted or forgotten brass they might have laying about. Unlike such well known cartridge as the .45 Colt there is nothing standard about the 10.4mm. For those of us that aren’t mechanically inclined, there is hope; we just have to be lucky enough to have friends who can help.

By the time I acquired my Model 1874 it had the barrel cut down from the original 6 inches to 4 and had a wide shotgun bead fitted as the front sight. At the range the modifications proved to conspire against my best attempts at marksmanship. Initially the bullets would not even print on paper. A little experimentation found that the revolver was hitting quite a few inches above actual point of aim. Using some ‘Kentucky elevation’, rather than windage, an I was comfortabley back on paper.

The original cartridge was loaded with about 20 grains of black powder and a 180 grain hard-cast lead round nose bullet of .424” diameter. To reproduce this load I have been recycling damaged .44-40 cases by cutting them down to the proper length of .890”. Fortunately in my revolver the .44-40 rim diameter and thickness are just about exact, so all this is required to rework the case is to trim the length.

The 10.4mm Italian Ordnance does look like quite the oddball when one first takes a look and many might pass on by and not take up the challenge. However, with a little tinkering and perseverance, this odd-ball can be brought back to life. So next time you encounter a similar oddball firearm or cartridge don’t be so fast to dismiss it. With just a little work it might prove much easier to put back in service than its hertitage and age might intially indicate.

To the modern handloaders advantage, the Italians chose not to mess around with a heeled bullet. Those who have worked with heeled bullets know well that there is a special section of hell set aside just for this bullet design. The Italians, however, did not make things too easy. In selecting the .424” they chose an oddball bullet diameter. To overcome this, a machinist friend made me a .424” swaging die. I use an old Lyman .44-40 200 grain mold for my bullets. This is a bit heavier than the original but readily available and has two deep grease grooves that can hold enough lube so there is no need to use a grease cookie.

Ingenuity preserves our firearms heritage.

As for reloading dies, I turn to the .44 special. All that is needed is to full length size the trimmed case and this leaves the neck ready for the .424” bullet. The seating die has been cut down by a quarter of an inch by another machinist friend. My version of the 10.4mm Italian Ordnance round is loaded with 15 grains of 2Fg Goex black powder. A .437” milk carton wad cut out



Politics & Guns by Tyler Vance

The Rule of Law, the Police and the Common Man I had originally pitched a ‘police & politics’ trilogy to my CFJ editors because I felt that there was enough material, and the issues varied enough, to warrant such attention. What I didn’t count on was the response my little trilogy sparked. My inbox has been literally inundated with E-mails from readers thanking me for the articles, while others have sent me links or clippings to other, related stories dealing with firearms, politics and police.

Some Photo: Sean Penney

I was aware of, others were wholly unfamiliar. However, I did discover one ‘common’ theme through much of these additional stories and court cases. It was the de facto double standard that has developed in Canada related to the enforcement and prosecution of firearms offences. It is the responsible firearms owner in Canada who has been forced to bear the brunt of the worst excesses of the Liberal’s failed gun control program and we have seen the unconstitutional burden of ‘Reverse Onus’ imposed without debate upon formerly lawabiding gun owners. The presumption of innocence enjoyed by all other Canadians was simply thrown out like yesterday’s trash by our former Liberal task-masters. As the new firearms bureaucracy has developed, we have seen the growing issue of double standards expand exponentially with it. The same can be said of the RCMP and the Quebec Surete and their stand-alone firearms control bureaucracy; especially in the years since the former assumed complete control of the gun control program in Canada. Time and again, we have seen serving police officers cleared of all gun-related charges they have faced; or seen them pled down to lesser charges. Where and when convicted, sympathetic judges have imposed extremely light sentences or conditions that no ‘common’ Canadian gun owner could ever hope to receive. Then, you have the various provincial Chief Firearms Officers, who seem hell-bent on expanding their own petty dictatorships, just like their federal overlords, the RCMP. Not content with simply administering the bureaucratic processes involved in legally owning and using a firearm in Canada, over the past 15 years, CFOs from Newfoundland to British Columbia have been constantly pushing the envelope, going so far as to not only ‘interpret’ the Liberal’s Firearms Act, but to actually ‘improve’ upon it by inventing and enforcing their own made-up firearms rules and regulations! Sadly, I’m not making this up, nor am I exaggerating. All you have to do is ask any new RPAL holder who has attempted to



“The rule of law in Canada is under siege right now and perhaps the worst transgressors are those holding positions of power, and whom we entrust to keep us safe. The double standard has to end, as does the admonishment to, ‘Do as I say, not as I do.’” purchase a restricted firearm in the past decade or so. Like Ivory soap, there is a 99 & 44/100% chance that their CFO will have demanded that they produce documented proof of membership in a recognized club or shooting range before they would even consider approving any such transfer; despite the FACT that NOWHERE in the Firearms Act does this ‘requirement’ ever appear in print! There is a good reason why not: legislators never wrote it and Parliament never passed it. Instead, this is an example of the arbitrary nature of Canadian firearms enforcement today. There is no legitimate rhyme or reason to require individuals interested in purchasing a restricted firearm for target shooting or competition to purchase and often exorbitantly expensive gun club membership that they may not even be in a position to use! You do have the ‘option’ of standing your ground and refusing to produce a membership card; while demanding that the requested transfer be granted. Eventually, your CFO will back down and months later, the transfer will grudgingly be processed. However, you can count on your file being redflagged for all future transfers and it is an almost certainty that any future transfers, regardless of whether or not it is a restricted or non-restricted firearm involved, ALL will be ‘referred to the province for final approval.’ I know this for a fact, because I found myself in just such a position a few years ago under a now deceased CFO. Gun owners have found themselves forced into a paternalistic relationship with their CFO’s, much as the colonial peoples of Africa, Asia and South America were under their British, French, German, Dutch or American colonial masters who assumed ‘the white man’s burden’ to educate, reform and ‘save’ their uneducated and backward charges from their primitive culture and upbringing. In our case it would appear that the Liberals, and their left-wing, ‘progressive’ allies within the gun control bureaucracy, are hell-bent on saving gun owners and the public from themselves. In this connection, a wholly unbearable attitude of moral superiority has taken root in Chief Firearms Offices across the country; one that has seen the old saw, ‘Do as I say, not as I do,’ become the unofficial motto of our firearms ‘officialdom.’ A clear example of this is PEI Chief Firearms Officer Vivian Hayward. A recent photo of her and two other employees of

P.E.I. Chief Firearms Officer Vivian Hayward (center) clearly demonstrating the Canadian gun control bureaucracy motto of ‘Do as I say, not as I do.’

her office showing the Chief Firearms Officer posing with a prohibited HK MP-5 submachinegun, finger on the trigger and the weapon at the ready. A male subordinate flanks her on the right, striking a ‘gangsta’ pose, with arms crossed at the front, wielding a Colt 1911 pistol and revolver. On the left, Ms. Hayward is flanked by a female subordinate holding a sawed off Ruger 10/22 rifle, a prohibited weapon under Canadian law. Both employees are pictured with their fingers on the triggers of their weapons. Even more disturbing is the fact that all three were photographed standing in the back of a pick-up truck filled with what I presume to be seized firearms, most either restricted or prohibited in class, and not a single one trigger locked or safely stored as required by Canadian law. Even more disturbing is the fact that the P.E.I. CFO office is located in a strip-mall. A wider angle lens would have shown that Ms. Hayward and company’s truckload of prohibited firearms was parked just feet from a candy store on the left and to the right, a local bar and the Magic Wok restaurant. Ignoring the obvious breaches of Canadian gun laws related to safe storage, transportation and common sense, not to



“There is one safeguard known generally to the wise, which is an advantage and security to all, but especially to democracies as against despots. What is it? Distrust.” -- Demosthenes, (384 B.C.-322 B.C.) mention complete disregard for basic safe gun handling (ACTS/PROVE) what I found most appalling about this photo was the underlying threat it represents. Its leak to Canadian gun orgs comes at a time when we’re seeing an organized ‘search & seizure’ campaign being carried out by police agencies in large metropolitan cities such as Toronto. Remember ‘Operation Safe City’ and the seizure of thousands of firearms from honest gun owners who had failed to renew their firearms licenses in a timely fashion? Given the option of turning their guns over to the police for destruction, or face criminal prosecution, these ‘paper criminals,’ overwhelmingly opted to give-up their property for fear of the police. Is this the type of “…Or Else” Ms. Hayward and her gun-wielding cohorts were referencing? The facts are, had an ordinary citizen attempted to replicate the same photo for which the Chief Firearms Officer of P.E.I. posed, there would have been immediate panicked phone calls to the RCMP, an immediate ‘gun call’ would’ve been transmitted over the police band and an Emergency Response Team would’ve been rolling for what the law enforcement community had dubbed ‘a high risk’ takedown. Mr. Johnny Canuck, average gun owner, would’ve very shortly thereafter found himself facing multiple automatic weapons in the hands of heavily armoured ERT ‘operators’ and the prospect of having his face jammed into the asphalt of the strip mall parking lot with a 200lb. cop kneeling on his neck; while another handcuffed him. He could count on a slew of criminal charges ranging from unsafe storage of a firearm, to possession of a firearm dangerous to the public good, to pointing a firearm and everything in between. He’d be looking at serious jail-time and a legal defence bill that would run into the tens of thousands of dollars. When questioned about the photo and the message it sends to Canada’s millions of law-abiding gun owners, a spokesman for the P.E.I. Department of Justice stated that from their perspective there were, “no safety or legal issues with the photo.” Indeed. This blasé attitude and complete dismissal of genuine safety concerns that every responsible firearms user should have, and which under our current gun laws enforces upon us a LEGAL RESPONSIBILITY TO OBSERVE AND OBEY said provisions under penalty of criminal prosecution, is simply outrageous! DO AS I SAY, NOT AS I DO…OR ELSE! I guess for responsible firearms owners, we can interpret that institutional ethos as a genuine threat. Go to jail, face the prospect of having your legally acquired firearms seized by government agents, lose the right to legally own firearms in the future and 16

face financial ruin attempting to legally counter the burden of reverse onus forced upon Canadian gun owners under the Liberal gun control scheme. As I was writing this column, I read with equal indignation of the case of veteran RCMP detachment commander, Sgt. Doug Smith, who stood trial this fall on several firearms charges, including a Criminal Code charge of careless storage of firearms and contravening related Firearms Act safe storage regulations. One of the firearms in question was a pistol that a member of the public had turned into the officer for destruction…in 2004! Sgt. Smith explained that he had never gotten around to turning it in due to work and family problems. The rifle found in the Sergeant’s closet, sans trigger lock, it was argued, should not have been considered a firearm, as Sgt. Smith had determined that it was inoperable; yet firearms technicians were able to successfully fire it later. Regina Provincial Court Judge Marylynne Beaton’s final decision was to acquit Smith of the criminal charge, but find him guilty of the Firearms Act offence. He was handed a nine-month conditional discharge with an order that he perform 60 hours community service. In attempting to justify her painfully altruistic sentencing, Judge Beaton argued that while police officers should be held to a higher standard than civilians, Smith’s personal problems merited treating Smith as an individual rather than a police officer. Directing her statement to Smith, the judge said of the RCMP commander, “You are also a human being, and human beings make mistakes.” Juxtapose the above cases with that of Burton, N.B., neighbours Brian Fox and Lawrence Manzer, both retired Canadian Forces members and victims of repeated break-ins and acts of vandalism of their property. Over the course of weeks and months, both men had found their homes and their lives essentially under siege by these unknown criminals. Repeated calls and requests for aid from local police and RCMP were rejected, as the offenses to that point had ‘only’ involved property crimes. The loss of sleep, feelings of lack of safety and fear of leaving their loved-ones home-alone, was of little consequence to local law enforcement. The only hope Fox and Manzer had of bringing their living safety nightmare to an end was to catch the perpertrators ‘red handed’ according to local police. Only then would the RCMP be justified in taking action, since there was little else they could do against minor property crime offenses. Matters came to a head last March when Fox discovered


“It is when power is wedded to chronic fear that it becomes formidable.” -- Eric Hoffer (1902-1983) American author, philosopher, awarded Presidential Medal of Freedom

three intruders on his property just before 3 A.M.. Fox and his son rushed outside to confront the intruders before they could get away, while Manzer, hearing the commotion ran outside to help his neighbour. On the way, he grabbed his unloaded shotgun and a fistful of shells; instructing his wife to immediately call the police for help. The intruders, who turned out to be a trio of teenagers, were easily subdued by the property owners. Manzer, recognizing that there was minimal risk of further danger from the cowed intruders, returned his still unloaded firearm to his home, locking it up, as per our safe storage laws. The police arrived shortly thereafter and arrested the teens; and one was fined for underage drinking. While no other legal action was taken against them, the spree of break-ins and vandalism plaguing the community stopped after this incident.

Chief Firearms Office The Chief Firearms Office’s (CFO) mandate is to ensure public safety as set out in Section5 of the Firearms Act. The Chief Firearms Officer has the responsibility of administering the licensing requirements of the Act to individuals and businesses residing and operating within each province. Public safety, as defined in Section 5 of the Act, is the fundamental principle upon which all licensing decisions are made. The CFO is responsible following activities:

The victims/heroes of our story, however, did not get off as lightly. The RCMP, who could do nothing to help the two law-abiding retired Canadian Forces members besieged by attempted B&E’s and destruction of their property, arrested Fox some six days later, charging him with assault. His neighbour, Lawrence Manzer was subsequently arrested for ‘pointing a firearm.’ Where is the justice here? Have we fallen so low that only serving law enforcement are worthy of such? It is unconscionable that the outlaws in our country, whether civilian or in uniform get off with fines and ‘community service,’ while honest citizens, men who served Canada in our military, are treated worst than their tormentors and villains. Yet, such is the state of firearms law and self-defence law in Canada today. Even if the charges against Fox and Manzer are subsequently dropped or reduced, the fact is they should never have been charged in the first place. The rule of law in Canada is under siege right now and perhaps the worst transgressors are those holding positions of power, and whom we entrust to keep us safe. The double standard has to end, as does the admonishment to, ‘Do as I say, not as I do.’ Space restrictions prevent me from expanding upon the many, many incidents of such double standards being applied in just the past few years alone. Suffice to say, their number is legion, when even a single incident is one too many. That is truly a sad state of affairs. Tyler Vance can be reached via E-mail at:



* Issues, refuses to issue, renews or revokes firearms licences for businesses and individuals, authorizations to transport restricted and prohibited firearms, authorizations to carry restricted and prohibited firearms for purposes prescribed within the Act. * Approves shooting ranges. * Approves the transfer of prohibited and restricted firearms and other regulated items between individuals and businesses. * Conducts inspections of firearms licensed businesses and firearms shooting ranges to ensure compliance with the Act. * Attends court in relation to challenges to decisions made under the Firearms Act. * Prepares affidavits on behalf of police services for use in criminal trials and proceedings. * Maintains records in the Canadian Firearms Information System (CFIS) * The protection of public safety is the paramount goal of the CFO. The CFO achieves this goal through partnerships and the professional, rigorous enforcement and administration of the Firearms Act and Regulations.



Running ahead of the dog, the pheasant felt pressured and took flight. The young hunter lifted the shotgun, led the bird and gently squeezed the trigger. A proud young hunter had just harvested his first pheasant.

That scene has been repeated dozens of times in Southwestern Ontario at organized youth pheasant hunt days. Ontario Stewardship Councils – organizations that are supported by the Ministry of Natural Resources and are charged with educating landowners and the public about the importance of a healthy ecosystem – in Elgin County, Perth County and Middlesex County have been organizing such events for five years. Elgin County’s Youth Hunting Day, which is held at Fingal Wildlife Management Area near St. Thomas, was the first such event. Fingal Wildlife Management Area is a 700-acre property where pheasants are released for hunters, so it was a perfect site for the program. The Elgin event is set up with a morning and afternoon program that share a common lunch of pheasant. Elgin Stewardship Co-ordinator Mark Emery believes the pheasant

lunch is an important part of the day to give a connection between the hunt and food. The event is set up with a variety of stations designed for apprentice hunters. It starts with a review of hunter safety. Participants then get a chance to trap shoot, attempt to judge distance and then move on to the hunt. The hunt itself is set up with the pheasants set in wire tubes under bales of straw. That doesn’t mean the bird can’t get out and run ahead, but it does give the young hunters a heads-up when there will be a flush. “We basically took all the elements of a high-quality pheasant hunt and repackaged it for the kids,” Emery said. “For me, it shows a lot about character being around a kid 13 to 14 who can handle a firearm. That speaks a lot about maturity.” Cameron McCurdy, 14, was among the participants in November 2010. He had been deer, turkey, grouse and rabbit

Youth Apprenticeship: Introducing Kids to By Jeff Helsdon



hunting, but the Youth Hunt Day was his first exposure to pheasant hunting. Walking into the field, he was a little nervous at the prospect. His nerves didn’t keep him from getting his first pheasant though. Mark Hopper is the father of two of the eight girls participating in the event. They had both been last year and had so much fun they wanted to come back. In fact, both had just made the volleyball team and missed part of a tournament to participate in the hunt even though they were given the option of not going. An idea is born Emery was the originator of the concept after tossing around ideas with a few members of his stewardship council in fall 2004. The idea was to discuss possibilities to address problems with retention of youth hunters and to work within the council’s mandate of recognizing hunters contribution to conservation, nature education and involving the public in nature. They recognized hunters have a role in sustaining the province’s natural resources and it is important to work on hunter recruitment. “They said they liked the idea but let’s see what else is out there,” Emery recalled. He searched around and found there were no programs with a goal of education and putting more hunters in the field. Personally, waterfowl hunting is what got Emery interested in hunting. “I had been to Pelee Island a couple of times pheasant hunting,” he said. “Waterfowl was my primary interest to get hooked on hunting.” He saw pheasant hunting as the ideal medium to deliver the program. By using released birds and trained hunting dogs, the success rate is high, something that is important to build the enthusiasm of the hunters. In January 2005, Emery organized a planning committee in anticipation of the event. Robert Pye of the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters, who oversaw the group’s Get Outdoors program at the time, was consulted for advice. The first hunt went off that November, with a lot of support

from the community. “We’ve done it all through community involvement,” Emery said. “I’ve never seen anything like it.” He said volunteers take time off work to help out. Financial contributions from the Aylmer Order of Good Cheer, Ducks Unlimited and private sector firms have been consistent since day one. The concept quickly caught on. The stewardship council in Perth County launched a youth hunt at Hullet Provincial Wildlife Area, where there is also a pheasant release program, the following year. In 2007, the Middlesex Stewardship Council put a new twist on the program, hosting it at Gold Creek Game Farm. Essex County Stewardship council has also held a youth hunt in conjunction with an Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters affiliate club. The youth hunting concept has also spread within Elgin County. The National Wild Turkey Federation affiliate hosted a youth hunting day for apprentice turkey hunters. Emery would like to see the apprenticeship program expand across Ontario. To that end, the Elgin, Middlesex and Perth Stewardship Councils collaborated on a web site to assist other potential hunt hosts. Called the Youth Hunting Day Planning Toolkit, it is located on the Internet at www. “We’ve done a lot of documentation over the last five years of what went well,” Emery said. “With Middlesex and Perth, we could draw a lot of experience.” The web site includes everything hunt planners would need to know. It starts from pre-planning, giving advice on choosing an appropriate site and ensuring the necessary insurance is in place. Then it guides organizers through determining the correct number of apprentices to aim for, seeking sponsorship, promotion, obtaining the necessary approvals and preparing pheasants for lunch. For event day, advice for setting up the various stations is organized. Templates for both event planning and budgeting are also on the web site. Hopes are to work with conservation organizations such as the Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters, National Wild Turkey Federation, Delta Waterfowl, Ducks Unlimited, Pheasants Forever and others to expand the program. Emery doesn’t see these programs competing with the youth pheasant hunt, but complimenting it through the various seasons. He would like youth hunts for ducks, pheasants, turkey and deer to be in place five years down the road. Such a program would be an extension of the current apprentice program.

ids to the Shooting Sports in the Right Way



NFA Book Shelf

By Wm. R. Rantz

HAWKEN RIFLES: - The Mountain Man’s Choice Author – John D. Baird Publisher – Gun Room Press 95 Pages, 136 Black & White Plates Hard Cover with Dust Jacket ISBN: 088227-010-9

HAWKEN RIFLES: The Mountain Man’s Choice, originally published in 1968, was the first book devoted exclusively to the famous rifles produced by Jacob and Samuel Hawken and subsequent owners of the Hawken company. Original copies of the first edition are collector’s items selling for hundreds of dollars. Fortunately, it has been reprinted many times to satisfy Hawken rifle enthusiasts who wish to know more about the history of this famous rifle and its makers. Jacob Hawken moved to St. Louis in 1807 and opened his gunshop on Main Street in 1815. Brother Sam moved from Ohio to St. Louis in 1822. The firearm business that they established went through a variety of owners until its eventual demise in 1915 when J.P. Gemmer closed down his shop and retired. Hawken started producing percussion muzzleloading rifles shortly after the invention of the percussion cap. These rifles were made in a variety of configurations but they tended to have a broad buttstock with a curved cheekpiece, set triggers and a heavy octagon barrel held in place by two barrel keys. The trim was made of plain iron as were the simple sights so as to not reflect light. Stocks were made of either walnut or maple and Hawken produced both full and half stocked versions depending on the customer’s preference. These rugged rifles were carried throughout the west on a daily basis by both trappers and hunters. The result is that surviving Hawken rifles are rare and any specimens encountered reflect the difficult conditions in which they were used by the original owners. Purchasing an original “Hawken” would be challenging and very expensive. Black powder muzzleloading shooters from the 1960s to 22

the present created a market for newly manufactured rifles which were soon to be referred to simply as Hawkens. These rifles were produced by a variety of companies including Thompson Center, Connecticut Valley Arms and Lyman. The degree of authenticity varied with both the manufacturer and the models that they produced. Many black powder hunters and target shooters were quite content with the resemblance of originality being offered. There were also shooters who wanted to own a highly authentic looking rifle but could never afford an original specimen. Those who did own the true Hawken rifles were unlikely to ever risk damaging such a valuable gun by firing it. As a result, smaller companies and even talented individuals began their quest to produce rifles with features identical to known Hawken specimens. Without HAWKEN RIFLES: The Mountain Man’s Choice this task would have been virtually impossible. John D. Baird has compiled all the information that one would need to create an accurate copy of a “Hawken”. Close up black and white photographs of a variety of original guns allow for detailed inspection of each part of the rifles shown. Firearm experts, collectors and black powder shooters will find HAWKEN RIFLES: The Mountain Man’s Choice a valuable addition to their reference library as it covers this subject in greater detail than any other publication. The painstaking research by Baird fills fifteen chapters and covers all known variations of the Hawken rifle as they evolved over the years of production. The current list price for HAWKEN RIFLES: The Mountain Man’s Choice is $55 and it is available from the Gun Room Press. Check with your local book dealer and they may be able to obtain a copy. Wm. R. Rantz


President... Continued From Page 7

Président... Suite page 7

Ultimately, the shape of Canada’s future gun laws, along with the choice of what type of firearms control system that will evolve from the Liberal’s failed gun control program, lies with you, the responsible gun owner.

Bien oui, mais malheureusement, non. L’Association Canadienne des Propriétaires d’Armes à Feu veut faire des changements fondamentaux aux lois Canadiennes. Pour accomplir cette tâche nous devons mettre les lois et règlements actuels au défi et faire abroger celles qui ne fonctionnent vraiment pas.

Nous ne sommes pas satisfaits de compromis ou de mesures partielles telles que l’élimination du registre des armes longues. Nous devons confronter les Sheldon Clare with John Lott Jr. author of “More Guns, Less Crime” vaches sacrées et exposer les failles du système actuel You can join with us to help create pour y apporter des changements a new and better system; one that nécessaires et majeurs. Nous devons respects the rights of all Canadians, établir des contacts politiques et including gun owners, or settle for the travailler pour faire élire des gens qui status quo and the system we have now appuient nos objectifs communs. with its institutionalized disrespect of L’acceptation de compromis par les gun owners and the unreasonable legal organisations de défense des droits en and administrative burdens it places matière d’arme à feu ont contribué à l’érosion graduelle et dramatique de nos upon law-abiding gun owners. libertés civiles. Accepter des compromis I know the option I’d choose. signifie que nous perdons un acquis et que nos opposants gagnent du terrain. If you haven’t already done so, please Le contraire ne s’est pas encore produit. take the time to write your MP and Il est vrai que les changements se font let him or her know that you are a souvent par étape, mais vous devez vous responsible firearms owner and an méfier des militants qui gagnent leurs active voter; share with them your views vies en visant des changements mineurs on the state of our current firearms laws et sans fin. Ces genres de personnes and your desire for positive change ont souvent peur de la compétition today. The New Year fast approaches, des autres groupes, plus que le désir and with it new opportunities; we look d’apporter des changements réels. forward to 2011 with optimism and L’Association Canadienne des anticipation. For now, I would like Propriétaires d’Armes à Feu veut to take this opportunity to thank all apporter de réels changements et avec of our members for their support and votre aide nous continueront de le faire. dedication over the past year, and to La Loi sur les Armes à Feu qui a été extend best wishes on behalf of your créée à partir du projet de loi C-17 de National Firearms Association for a Kim Campbell et de C-68 des Libéraux very Merry Christmas and a Happy doit être abrogée. Nous devons la remplacer par des lois minimales qui New Year! limitent l’accès aux objets dangereux par les mauvaises personnes. Ce que nous devons éviter à tout prix est la création


ou le maintien de lois qui manquent de respect envers les bons citoyens et qui les criminalisent pour des erreurs de paperasse. Les citoyens respectueux des lois et les armes qu’ils possèdent en toute légitimité n’ont jamais posé un risque significatif à la sécurité publique. Malheureusement les lois Canadiennes font la présomption du contraire et les propriétaires d’armes à feu sont obligés de prouver qu’ils ne sont pas dangereux. La forme que les lois Canadienne prendront dans l’avenir ainsi que le type de contrôle des armes à feu qui naîtra après le système raté des Libéraux sera déterminé par vous, les propriétaires responsables d’armes à feu. Vous pouvez vous joindre à nous pour contribuer à créer un nouveau système qui respectera les droits de tous les Canadiens y compris les propriétaires d’armes à feu, ou bien vous satisfaire du statuquo où le manque de respect est devenu une institution et le fardeau administratif et légal est placé sur le dos des tireurs respectueux des lois. Pour moi le choix est clair. Si ce n’est pas encore fait, prenez quelques minutes pour écrire à votre député, dites lui que vous êtes un propriétaire d’armes à feu et rappelez lui que vous êtes aussi un électeur. Partagez vos opinions sur les lois actuelles et votre désir de changement. Le nouvel an approche à grands pas, de nouvelles opportunités pointent à l’horizon. Nous sommes optimistes face à l’an 2011. J’aimerais remercier tous nos membres pour leur appui durant l’année qui vient de passer et leurs souhaiter joyeux Noel et bonne année de la part de l’Association Canadienne des Propriétaires d’Armes à Feu.

Sheldon Clare, Président




The New Face of Firearms Media By Mike Dixon

In the not-so-distant past, mainstream media outlets such as the traditional television networks were the sole source of much of the information consumed by the public at large. If there was an idea, an issue, or a message that needed to be broadcasted, it was first filtered by those in positions of power within the traditional media structure. If you had deep pockets and a message that was deemed acceptable for public consumption, you could speak your peace. It would be difficult, as a gun owner, to ignore certain biases prevalent within Canada’s largest media outlets today. But now the age of the internet has dawned, conventional media architecture is in tatters, and all gun owners stand to benefit. There is now an endlessly open vista of independent outlets for politics, news, entertainment, and the commerce of thought. The advent of the internet has turned the old model on its ear. When one envisions tools of political activism, Facebook may not be the first that comes to mind; yet it is emblematic of the societal shift to a new media standard. It is this shift that should be raising the pulse of shooting sports enthusiasts across the nation, and the reason is simple: at last, we have a voice. In the age of the internet, any TV show, news program, magazine article, or radio talk show that displays an anti-gun bias and selective supporting statistics need only be caught by one gun owner. That person, using Facebook, a blog, email, or online forums, can alert thousands of other gun owners to respond and debunk the bias and mistruths presented therein. Think of it as an intellectual “call to arms” for gun owners nation-wide! While the six o’clock news is still flush with veiled attacks against legal gun owners, enthusiasts across Canada can use the internet to balance the score. Most gun owners reading this article know about the controversey surrounding the RCMP’s re-classification and subsequent confiscation of legally owned Norinco T-97 rifles and High Standard Model 10B shotguns. The original government stance on this issue was that the RCMP would seize these guns without compensating their owners. A concerted letter writing campaign, organized nation-wide through the website “Canadian Gun Nutz,” combined with continued pressure from the NFA and the

CSSA, resulted in the government acceding to demands that fair compensation be paid to those affected. That is to say, an egregious police action that would have passed almost unmarked a decade ago was recognized, organized against, and responded to by average gun owners across Canada to such an extent as to force government intervention in police autocracy. This is the power of new media. This is what gun owners should be excited about. Perhaps even more important than application in political activism, the online environment provides a unifying influence on Canadian gun owners. On an average day, your typical target shooter may only run into a typical hunter if they both happen to be buying ammo at the local shop. On the internet, however, they can interact uninhibited and in a safe and anonymous environment, sharing ideas and exploring areas of the sport that they may not be familiar with. Maybe the seasoned hunter warms to the notion of the AR-15 as a legitimate sporting platform; perhaps the target shooter can find value in the opinions and experiences of the collector, trap shooter, and hunter. Where gun owners were once divided into small, disconnected groups, they now have the ability to unify and to interact. There are online communities of gun owners already sharing hunting stories, political ideas, and reloading tips. Firearms owners, historically a varied and disparate bunch, now have the ability to mend the inter-discipline fissures that have become entrenched in previous decades. While out enjoying that particular aspect of our sport that you know and love, it’s worth considering that millions of Canadians enjoy using guns in very different, but equally rewarding activities. If you’re only active in one facet of the shooting sports, it may be worth opening up your internet browser and searching out what the other half of gun owners are up to. You may be pleasantly surprised with what you find. The inevitable question, then, is this: “How do I get involved and use these new tools to their full advantage”. The first step to answering that question is to identify the most visible online destinations. The largest and most diverse online



community of firearms owners in Canada can be found at This website offers access to a knowledge base previously unknown and provides a forum for all types of shooters to interact fully. It is filled with people who are deeply involved with the shooting sports in Canada, and in this author’s opinion is the most important advancement for pro-gun activism in Canada since the inception of the NFA and the CSSA. There are hundreds of people on this forum every minute of the day monitoring news outlets and government websites, and who provide instant alerts to the rest of the firearms community when gun-related issues pop up. It was a member of this forum who created, a tool that enables a single user to send emails to every single Member of Parliament with the click of a button. If you own a firearm, it is worth your time to join up with the other sixtythousand Canadian Gun Nutz online. This is doubly true if you are an experienced gun owner as the internet is not just for twenty-somethings. You may be surprised by just how much you can contribute to the ongoing discussions there. In addition to internet forums, there are Facebook groups. These are collectives of Facebook patrons that gather online around a particular issue; in our case, the love of firearms and liberty. Recently even Canada’s National Firearms Association launched its own Facebook page, with the aid of dedicated volunteers.

In addition to the NFA’s page, there were groups created in support of Bill C-391 that aided gun orgs like the NFA in coordinating gun owner’s responses vis a vis political action, and enabled them to reach an entirely new audience. While C-391 failed thanks to flip-flops by select NDP and Liberal MPs who broke their word, gun owners on Facebook aren’t going to forget or forgive. Facebook is another tool in our gun orgs arsenal, and when the time comes, there will be a Facebook group aimed at informing the voting public of those MP’s treachery and offering the public more gunfriendly alternatives. New media outlets and social networking sites are opening up an entirely new battlefront in our fight to protect and preserve our rights as responsible firearms owners. Obviously, Facebook groups are a great way to pull the younger crowd into the fold, and to engage people who don’t own firearms in discussion. It doesn’t always have to be uber serious either, there are groups for hunting, a group for concealed carry in Canada, and a multitude of various gun owner groups for various types, model and styles of firearms. Your imagination is the limit of what type of group you may find on Facebook, or you can even start your own! YouTube is yet another online resource that gun owners can use. Not only can you find great explanatory videos for reloading, shooting technique, and equipment reviews, but you will see inspired pro-gun speeches, parliamentary

GFGF In Remembrance of Our Dear Friend FGFG

It is with sadness that the National Firearms Association announces the passing of Dennis G. Wright of Ontario. Dennis succumbed to pancreatic cancer on September 30, 2010 at the age of 73. Dennis will be missed by his wife Monica of 50 years. He will also be missed by his three children, Darrell, Westly and Trudy and their partners. Dennis was a devoted grandfather and will be deeply missed by grandchildren Kristen, Zack, Jake, Grace, Luke and Abby. The firearms community in Ontario has lost a true friend who was best known for his role in establishing a network of gun shows throughout southern Ontario. Over the last 35 years Dennis and Monica ran hundreds of shows

in many different locations. Dennis always had several tables of goods for sale and was an avid and extremely knowledgeable cartridge collector.

Dennis was also actively involved in politics related to firearms. He helped establish the Fed Up rally in Ottawa and was very proud to have walked in the first row of the procession as it headed towards Parliament Hill. Dennis will be remembered for both his contribution to the firearms community and as a friend to all who shared his interest in gun and cartridge collecting. The National Firearms Association, on behalf of its membership, would like to extend our heartfelt condolences to Monica and her family for their loss.


Dennis G. Wright of Ontario


proceedings, and stirring depictions of hunting and nature. Youtube and other on-line video hosting sites are doing more to keep politicians ‘honest’ than just about any other factor in recent memory. If they open their mouths on video, within minutes some helpful Internet savvy member of the public has uploaded those comments or speech for the entire world to view. The last internet medium discussed here is the “podcast”. This is a pre-recorded internet-based radio show that you can download to a computer or MP3 player and listen to at your leisure. You can subscribe to these shows so that they are automatically downloaded for you each week as new episodes are released. By far the easiest way to listen in is to install iTunes ( on your computer and search topics of your choosing in the iTunes store. It’s all free! If that is a whole lot of mumbo-jumbo to you, enlist anyone under the age of 30 to help you and they’ll have you setup in minutes. You will find a staggering array of podcasts out there covering everything from cooking to pets, and of course, guns! There are numerous American podcasts which are resplendent with good information, and recently a Canadian podcast called Canadian Reload Radio was started up by a few gun nutz north of the border.

NFA and its fellow pro-firearms gun orgs, have consistently challenged the tenuous claims of the gun control industry and the biased coverage of the media. The glue binding this sustained effort in recent years has been the Internet, and the tools that it provides. With the combined efforts of our gun organizations in parliament and around the world; coupled with everyday gun owners writing letters and using the internet to organize themselves, we are turning things around; we are shifting social momentum back in our favour. Bill C-391 was just the first of many tests we shall yet face; and I believe it will ultimately serve as a corner-stone upon which we can build even greater momentum, and to gather greater numbers to our side in anticipation of the battles that lay ahead. C-391 was a close-fought battle and just a single vote made the difference. Next time, we will be even better prepared, will assemble in even greater numbers and will be more fully engaged than ever before; from teenagers to senior citizens. From where I sit, even with the failure of C-391, for the first time in a long while, the future of our sport is looking a little brighter, and we have technology to thank for it.

The media landscape has undergone a dramatic transformation, and we as gun owners are in an excellent position to reap the rewards. Gun owners, in concert with the

Each One Of Us Is...

An ambassador, a teacher, and a member. One of the most important functions of Canada’s National Firearms Association is making firearms ownership and use relevant to growing numbers of Canadians. To prosper, we must have a steady flow of new shooters and enthusiasts entering our proud firearms heritage. Your membership and your donations to Canada’s National Firearms Association are helping us develop the programs Canada needs to make sure our firearms heritage continues to grow.

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Public Health and Gun Control By Gary Mauser

In September, I represented the NFA at the World Forum’s Fall meeting in Australia where we discussed how to respond to recent initiatives by the United Nations that have the potential to destroy civilian gun rights. The World Forum is one of the few organizations that actively stand up for civilian gun owners at the UN. The UN may appear distant and even irrelevant to ordinary folks busy with such things as family and work, but the UN disarmament efforts continue to threaten law-abiding civilians. Elitist anti-gun groups, such as IANSA and SaferWorld, are the driving force behind the gun-related moves of the UN. Antigun organizations are well-funded, convinced of their moral superiority, and they persistently push the view that civilian firearms owners are a major threat to world peace. The World Forum continues to urge the UN to exempt civilian firearms from disarmament efforts and instead focus on military firearms. What are civilian arms? The Forum argues that civilian arms should be defined as those that are not fully-automatic military firearms. IANSA and SaferWorld urge the definition be restricted to “sporting arms.” Restricting the definition of civilian arms in this way has been the key to governments capriciously banning firearms that even by their colour or other design feature may look undesirable to some official. Until the UN recognizes the positive contribution to society made by civilian firearms owners, everyone should remain concerned. The UN’s stated goal is to protect the public through limiting access to firearms, although in practice the UN tends to confuse firearms owned by law-abiding civilians with those in the hands of criminals and terrorists. Arguably, the UN is influenced in this by the percentage of dictatorships among member nations that are eager to restrict their citizens’ freedoms. The UN’s overly bureaucratic style equates emerging nations and countries in the developed world. Paternalistic programs 26

that may be of some value in fragile post-conflict regions are then adopted by “progressive” governments in developed countries, such as Canada under Chretien’s Liberals.

Guns as a Disease Why would seemingly intelligent people confuse civilian firearms ownership with criminal violence and terrorism? Anti-gun groups that infest the UN are inspired by an elitist “public health” ideology that equates firearms with dangerous diseases. If firearms are a “disease” then strict governmental controls on firearms and their “sick” owners are justified in the same fashion as mandatory inoculations would be to combat an ebola epidemic. The anti-democratic arrogance of such an approach should be obvious. The assumption that civilian firearms are intrinsically dangerous diverts the UN away from murderous governments, such as the Sudan or Zimbabwe. Governments are responsible for inspiring genocides, not farmers with firearms protecting livestock. Remember Stalin’s USSR, Nazi Germany, as well as Rwanda. The public health view of the world is responsible for the complex rules that Canadians are familiar with: licensing, waiting periods, safe storage; restrictions on types of permitted firearms, and, of course, firearms registration. Moral crusades need metrics. For the public health crusaders it is “gun deaths” that they use to equate guns with killing and to justify draconian public safety measures. Focusing on gun deaths ignores other means to commit murder or suicide. More important, making guns the issue diverts attention from murderers and even social problems: criminals are not seen as responsible for their crimes, nor do we need to invoke complex social problems, such as racism, poor parenting or welfare dependency. Threats to public safety are reduced to merely the availability of guns. Public health offers a simple solution that allows its advocates to feel good about themselves.


of such as suicide and accidents. Suicide and murder are seen as impulsive acts. This is flawed. The persistent failure of The term “gun deaths” is widely adopted by activists gun laws to reduce murder and suicide refutes that. Reducing when it is nothing but a red herring masking changes in gun availability does not remove access to equally deadly more important indicators. Counting “gun deaths” is not alternatives. an appropriate measure for evaluating firearms laws. If the objective of gun laws is to improve public safety, then Compare this objective with the more traditional goal for the proper measures are homicide, violent crime rates, and criminal legislation of protecting the public order. Setting suicide rates, in that order. All civilized countries recognize idealistic goals subtly (if substantially) expands police these phenomena. Public safety involves protecting the powers. Traditionally, the police have focused on guarding public from criminal violence, including terrorism, and only the peace and detecting crime. By ambitiously expanding secondarily diminishing suicide rates. Since more than 75% what is meant by improving public safety, criminal legislation of gun deaths are suicides, this reverses the proper priorities. now becomes open-ended; the more modest goal of reducing criminal violence is usurped by the broader goal of preventing Counting gun deaths misleads policy makers. Given the many all potential threats to individual safety. Suicide and accident ways of killing, a drop in “gun deaths” does not necessarily prevention now receive as much or more attention from imply any lives are saved. Murderers are opportunistic. If a firearms law than do more traditional policing goals such as gun is unavailable, a person intent on murder in virtually any detecting and preventing crime. The beat cop is replaced by home can readily find a sharp knife or heavy object that may the nanny state. be used as a bludgeon. For anyone tempted to suicide, other alternatives are available and just as effective as a firearm. Conclusion There is no compelling evidence that general gun-control Good intentions do not guarantee success. It is too easy to laws can reduce overall murder or suicide rates; this is easily be diverted by definitions or simplistic metrics, such as gun seen by the failure of murder and suicide rates to fall as a deaths. Idealists are too easily seduced by warm and fuzzy consequence of the introduction of more restrictive gun laws concepts that frequently produce the opposite effect. To (Baker, 2006; Kates and Mauser, 2007; Lott, 2010; Mauser, successfully protect the public, gun laws should focus on 2008). criminal misuse of firearms rather than their potential misuse The influence of the public-health approach on the Federal by law-abiding civilians. Citizens rely upon organizations Government is evident in the idealistic goal set for the like the World Forum to vigilantly guard against self-serving 1995 firearms legislation of improving public safety. The bureaucracies and self-satisfied idealists. This is even more current Canadian firearms law (Bill C-68) also assumes that important in non-democratic organizations like the United restricting firearms availability will reduce the human cost Nations. The term ‘gun deaths’ is a red herring.

References Baker, Jeanine, and Samara McPhedran (2007). “Gun Laws and Sudden Death: Did the Australian Firearms Legislation of 1996 Make a Difference?” British Journal of Criminology. DOI: < HYPERLINK “”>. Kates, Don B. and Gary Mauser (2007). “Would Banning Firearms Reduce Murder and Suicide? A Review of International Evidence and some Domestic Evidence,” Harvard Journal of Law and Public Policy, Spring 2007, Vol. 30 (2), pp 650-694.

Canadian Firearms Advisory Council Meeting, November 2010

Left to Right: Jerry Gamble, Tony Bernardo, Louis D’Amour, Canadian Firearms Centre Minister Vic Toews, Minister of Public Safety John Gayder, Gary Mauser, Steve Torino, Co-spokesperson of the Committee Shawn Fried, Office of the Minister of Public Safety

Lott, John R Jr (2010). More Guns, Less Crime: Understanding Crime and Gun Control Laws, Third Edition. (Available from the NFA Office). Mauser, Gary (2008). “Firearms: Do Restrictive Laws Improve Public Safety?” In John Meadowcroft (ed.), Prohibitions, Institute of Economic Affairs, London, England.

Missing: Mike Ackerman, Linda Baggaley, Alain Cossette, Greg Farrant, Murray Grismer, and Linda Thom.



Shooting like a Girl By Oleg Volk

Among firearm trainers, the expression “shooting like a girl” is a compliment. Women are reputed to be easier to train to use firearms. Women sports shooters, despite being less common than men, win a disproportionate share of trophies. Despite that, many men express a frustration at their female relatives’ lack of interest in learning to shoot. How could this be? The reasons are many. Some women just never perceived guns as a girlish interest, others were turned off by poor initial instruction. With less upper body strength and shorter arms than most men, women have to adjust to overlong stocks that make recoil harder to control, large grips and front-heavy guns. Cross-eye dominance, at 3-4 times the rate for men, also makes using iron sights more challenging. The deck appears stacked against the female shooter from the start, yet many excel in shooting sports. How can good results be achieved despite the challenges? Three defining factors come to mind. The first and foremost is the parental and spousal support. Heather and Halie Pitts, sister national champions in many competitions including the challenging 910 meter F-class shoots are a case in point. Their consistently

superb performance has been enabled by the support and the coaching of their father Howard Pitts. Howard, a maker of world-class custom precision rifles used by his daughters and other trophy winners, has gently coached his daughters through their teen years. The results of their efforts are the many medals the girls proudly wear. The second is the mind-set to tackle and surmount all challenges. A decade ago, Stacy Lear was sedentary and apprehensive of firearms. In a selfassigned “Sarah Connor project”, she defined numerous competencies as goals and worked unceasingly to reach them. Several friends and her eventual husband provided support in the form of encouragement, instruction and resources, but the drive to accomplish was intrinsic. Today, Stacy is a detective with a Pacific Northwest police department and a competent recreational shooter with pistol and rifle. She serves as inspiration for many who followed her evolution from a timid novice to the well-trained close quarters fighter and long range marksman that she is today. The third is having appropriate equipment. Though gear appropriate for women and other shooters of modest size and strength has often



been restricted by law, the following equipment and features are generally helpful: * Light weight: a 3kg rifle generally works better than a 5kg rifle. * Adjustable stock or grips: many fixed stocks are far too long for short shooters. A telescoping stock with several intermediate positions permits proper form when firing and thus better recoil control and accuracy. With pistols, stocks that allow custom fit to the hand are preferable. * Low recoil: rimfire or self-loading centerfire guns usually have less felt recoil than centerfire guns with manual actions. * Low report and muzzle flash: flash and sound suppressors keep the new shooters from developing a flinch in anticipation of the uncomfortable muzzle blast. (100% legal in the USA & throughout much of Europe but illegal in Canada! Why?) * Laser sights: an excellent tool for observing and correcting trigger control problems. For learning long guns, a support would be helpful at first to allow trigger control exercises without having to

Halie Alexandra Pitts & Heather Nicole Pitts Halie Alexandra Pitts


Freshman-University of Alabama in Huntsville-Major-Aerospace Engineering

1st Place-Prone Junior-Tennessee-2006

Distinguished Shooter Badge-3 Position International Air Rifle National Record Holder F-Class:

1st Place-Zone 3x20-2008 1st Place-Alabama Smallbore 3-Position Championships-2007 2nd Place-3x20 Smallbore-2009 1st Place-NRA Smallbore 3 Position Sectional-2008

Junior National Champion-2005 High Woman-Warren County Rifle Club-Southeast F Class Shootout-2007 (2 Matches) High Junior-Warren County Rifle ClubSoutheast F Class Shootout-2007 (2 Matches)

learn proper gun holding techniques at the same time. Large, reactive targets up close give the first taste of success to the new shooter, encouraging her to try more challenging targets next. Marjorie, a multi-talented illustrator, clothing and graphic designer from Nashville, learned the basics in exactly that manner. Her first shots were with pistol at 3 meters from the target, within an hour she could hit a 2cm circle reliably with a .22 carbine at 25 meters. To her advantage was the low-recoil rifle, a 1-4x scope and a sound suppressor. The acquisition of marksmanship skills went on undisturbed by physical discomfort of heavy recoil or loud report. With proper hearing protection – muffs over ear plugs – an unsuppressed .22 rifle would have been almost as comfortable. The challenges women shooters face are substantially similar to those faced by men. However, the issues of social pressure and gun fit are often greater for them and should be considered. Given the disproportionate defensive benefit provided by firearm competency to the otherwise smaller and weaker females, providing all possible support to the interested novices is of utmost importance to both Canadian and American trainers.

High Junior Shooter-Tennessee State F Class Championship 2006 Junior Mid-Range ChampionTennessee-2009 High Woman-Tennessee State F Class Championship-2006 Air Rifle: Tennessee State Champion-2007 Tennessee State 3-Position Champion-2008 NRA Air Rifle Sectional-2008 1st place-3-Position Junior-2006 1st place-Zone Match 3x20-2008 1st place-Tennessee Junior Olympic International Air Championships-2008 (earning a chance to compete at the National Junior Olympic Championships at the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs) 1st place-Tennessee Junior Olympic International Air Championships-2009 (earning a chance to compete at the National Junior Olympic Championships at the Olympic Training Center in Colorado Springs) Earned spot on the Tennessee State All State Air Rifle Team-2007 & 2008


Heather Nicole Pitts Senior-University of Alabama in Huntsville-Major Aero-Mechanical Engineering F-Class: National Champion-F-Class High Junior-2004 National Champion-F-Class High Intermediate Junior-2005 High Junior-Tennessee State F-Class Championship High Woman-Tennessee Service Rifle Championship-2005 High Junior High Power Tennessee State Championship-2003 High Junior-1000 Yard-Tennessee State Championship-2002 1st Place-F-Class 1000 Yard Tennessee State Championship-2002 High Woman-1000 Yard Tennessee State Championship-2004 High Junior-1000 Yard Tennessee State Championship-2004 Overall Winner-1000 Yard Tennessee State Championship-2004 1st Place-Elk Valley Shooter’s Association-Youth Division-2000 1st Place-Warren County Rifle Club-1000 Yard F-Class-2002 1st Place-Elk Valley Shooter’s Association-Long Range Rifle-2003


La Police en Politique par Tyler Vance

La route vers le Désatre Depuis le mois de juin 2010, les électeurs Canadiens, en particulier les propriétaires d’armes à feu ont été forcés d’être témoin de la plus féroce bataille politique sur le contrôle des armes que notre pays ait vu depuis le débat initial qui a vu naître la Loi C-68 en 1995. L’enjeu portait sur la décision d’abolir le registre raté des armes longues, suite à la présentation du projet de loi C-391 de la Député Candice Hoeppner. Les partisans du contrôle des armes et les représentants des partis d’opposition tel que Michael Ignatieff, aussi connu sous le nom de Iggy, se sont très bien démarqués et les propriétaires d’armes à feu ont encore vu leurs armes et leurs raisons pour en posséder ridiculisées, démonisées et rejetées du revers de la main. Or, Iggy a cité l’exemple de l’Association Canadienne des Chefs de Police (ACCP) et l’Association Canadienne des Policiers (ACP), qui continuent d’appuyer le registre comme étant la raison pour laquelle il a changé son fusil d’épaule en obligeant tous ses députés à voter contre le projet de loi C-391. Mis à part l’opportunisme politique de Iggy, tous les contribuables, les propriétaires d’armes à feu et les politiciens devraient se demander pourquoi ces Associations de police appuient-ils le registre des armes à feu? En fait, pourquoi les a-t’on laissé faire de la politique, d’influencer la création de lois? Pourquoi ne les remettons nous pas à leur place quand elles mentent ouvertement et régulièrement aux Canadiens sans aucune hésitation ni aucune crainte de conséquences? Le président de l’ACCP et chef de police de Toronto Bill Blair, prétend que les policiers de première ligne sont quasi unanimes à appuyer l’utilité du registre des armes longues. Au fur et à mesure que la fin de l’existence du registre approchait la version ‘officielle’ sur les statistiques de son utilisation les ont fait augmenter de manière exponentielle! Au dernier décompte, il semble que les policiers l’interrogent presque 11,500 fois par jour! En augmentant artificiellement ces statistiques, la police influence l’opinion publique en sa faveur. Les policiers ne devraient pas s’abaisser à utiliser ce genre de méthode. Ces statistiques sont fautives puisque le logiciel national le CIPC a été programmé pour interroger le registre à chaque fois qu’un policier vérifie une adresse, une plaque d’immatriculation ou bien qu’il réponde à un appel de routine. En plus, à chaque fois qu’une arme change de propriétaire le registre est interrogé au moins 3 fois. Je viens d’acheter une carabine cal .22, sans restriction d’une autre personne. Cette seule transaction a généré, à ma connaissance, au moins 8 ou 9 interrogations du registre : Des interrogations



automatiques ont été créées de la part du vendeur, de l’acheteur et de l’arme comme telle. En suite Miramichi a référé la cession au contrôleur des armes à feu Provincial pour l’approbation finale, qui elle a généré plusieurs autres interrogations au registre. Lorsque j’ai appelé le Centre Canadien des Armes à Feu pour vérifier l’état de ma demande, encore d’autres interrogations ont été faites! Une carabine .22 à verrou est une des plus banales et ‘non menaçante’ forme d’arme que l’on puisse trouver et pourtant cette simple cession a servie à gonfler les statistiques en faveur de l’utilisation du registre des armes longues comme outils de travail essentiel pour la police. Le contexte du contrôle des armes Canadien en a toujours été un de contrôle plutôt qu’un programme d’amélioration de la sécurité publique. Ces tentatives audacieuses par la GRC et l’ACCP de passer outre le privilège du Parlement et de notre Gouvernement élu en faisant la promotion de leur propre agenda politique sont inacceptables. Ils placent leurs pions en gonflant les statistiques et en évoquant des faussetés. Malheureusement, il a été impossible de les punir pour ce comportement jusqu’à présent. C’est donc la responsabilité des propriétaires d’armes à feu et de l’opinion publique de les dénoncer comme nous le faisons ici aujourd’hui. Heureusement l’attitude méprisante et les propos mensonger du chef Bill Blair ont enfin été dénoncés publiquement. Il est quand même inconcevable que ses maitres politiques lui permettent encore d’être le chef du plus gros corps de police municipal au pays! Ce qui est encore plus enrageant, c’est qu’il ait réussi à mettre de côté la protection contre les fouilles et saisies abusives garantie par la Charte Canadienne des Droits et Libertés durant le sommet du G20 en inventant une loi. Je parle ici de la ‘Loi du 5 mètre’, qui selon le chef Blair donnait le droit aux policiers de fouiller quiconque s’approchait à l’intérieur d’un périmètre de 5 mètre de la clôture de la zone sécuritaire du G20. Durant les manifs, plus de 900 manifestants légitimes ont été arrêtés sans motifs et relâchés plus tard sans aucune accusation. Lors d’un entrevue après l’événement, Bill Blair a été forcé d’admettre avec son petit sourire en coin, qu’il n’existait pas vraiment de ‘Loi du 5 mètre’. Il a passé tout cet entrevue à justifier ses écarts constitutionnels et ses mensonges en disant que l’objectif était d’empêcher les criminels de s’approcher de la clôture de sécurité. En résumé, il a brisé la loi pour faire respecter sa loi. Ce n’est pas le travail de Bill Blair chef de police de Toronto, d’inventer des lois, de faire changer des lois ni de faire du lobbying politique. Le lobbying de la part de la GRC sur le registre des armes longues est tout aussi inacceptable. Le rôle de la police est d’appliquer les lois qui ont été créée par les autorités civiles, élues démocratiquement. Ces

autorités ont le pouvoir de créer des lois pour le peuple et par le peuple, leurs légitimités dépendent de l’accord et de l’appui de leurs électeurs. La GRC ne jouie pas de ces privilèges et ne doit pas être permise d’agir comme si elle les avait, car ceci déconsidère l’administration de la justice. Il est évident que des individus tels que Bill Blair et le Commissaire Adjoint Killam de la GRC sont des bêtes politiques. Ils n’ont pas réussi à gravir les échelons de leurs organisations sans savoir jouer les jeux politiques internes. Le problème est qu’ils essaient d’étendre leurs activités audelà de leurs champs de commandement respectifs. Lorsque les chefs de police, hauts gradés et services de police s’affichent politiquement comme ils le font à propos du registre des armes longues et d’autres enjeux sur le contrôle des armes, ils abaissent leurs organisations respectives dans l’abime ténébreux de la politique sale. Leurs réputations sont ternies et ils minent la confiance des citoyens respectueux des lois en faisant du lobbying politique pour conserver des lois considérées répugnantes dans leur aspect moral et fiscal. Il est évident que les partis d’opposition ont bénéficié du lobbying policier, mais considérant qu’il s’agit de Iggy et du parti Libéral du Canada, c’est certain qu’il a voulu maintenir le registre puisqu’il a été créé sous leur règne. Cet appui ne vient certainement pas d’un élan de politique bienfaisante ou d’une morale sans taches. Nos corps policiers ne doivent pas faire de la politique, ils ne doivent pas compromettre leur neutralité. Ils ne doivent pas accepter de larges sommes d’argent de compagnies avec lesquelles ils font affaire ou pourraient faire affaire dans l’avenir. Ils doivent toujours dire la vérité, ne jamais mentir au peuple dont ils ont le devoir de servir et protéger. Malgré l’existence de ces règles de base, l’ACCP dirigée par le chef Bill Blair, a accepté des dons dépassant largement les $100,000.00 du Groupe CGI, une compagnie de technologie de l’information. Ce ‘donateur’ fait un chiffre d’affaire de plusieurs millions de dollars grâce à des contrats avec la GRC et le Programme Canadien des Armes à Feu pour l’entretien du système informatique du registre des armes à feu. D’autres dons excédant les $200,000.00 ont été acceptés de TASER International, la même compagnie qui fabrique les pistolets électriques qui ont causés plusieurs décès à travers le pays. L’ACCP s’est payé des banquets et conférences luxueuses avec ces dons parmi lesquels figuraient aussi des billets de spectacles de Céline Dion. Il y a de quoi s’inquiéter car ces gestionnaires policiers établissent les politiques opérationnelles à savoir comment les pistolets électriques seront utilisés à tous les jours dans nos rues. Ce n’est pas une coïncidence que seulement 6 semaines après leur congrès l’ACCP et l’ACP ont tenu une conférence de presse à Ottawa



pour annoncer leur position officielle sur l’utilisation des pistolets électriques, qu’ils appuient tous les 2 comme étant un outil essentiel au travail policier. C’est intéressant de constater qu’ils ont utilisés les mêmes termes pour défendre le registre des armes longues! Malheureusement, lorsqu’on accepte ce genre de ‘cadeau’ ce n’est jamais sans conditions. L’indépendance et l’intégrité de nos forces policières doivent demeurer sans reproche pour que le publique reconnaisse leur autorité morale et légale dans l’application des lois. La plupart des Canadiens n’approuvent pas ce genre de comportement venant d’organisations normalement respectables. Ils représentent 2 des 3 plus grandes organisations policières au pays et sont celles qui ont dirigées la lutte contre le projet de loi C-391 dans les médias et à Ottawa. Nous les avons vues lors de leurs présentations faites devant le Comité Parlementaire. L’ACCP et l’ACP ont tous deux défendus publiquement TASER International en prétendant qu’ils voulaient corriger l’information erronée et incomplète transmise par les médias, qui selon eux, a influencé l’opinion publique sur ce genre d’arme. Leur communiqué de presse est ni plus ni moins un appui publique des pistolets électriques et une exonération de tous blâmes envers le leader mondial dans la fabrication de ces engins, TASER International. En prenant position de la sorte et en acceptant des ‘cadeaux’ qui font penser à des pots-de-vin, l’ACCP et l’ACP se sont placés dans une position des plus compromettante. Le peu d’intégrité qu’ils paraissaient avoir en étant liées aux organisations policières a été détruite à tout jamais. Bill Blair et son acolyte Charles Momy ont oublié l’immuable loi naturelle suivante : Quand on se couche avec des cochons on se réveillent pleins de boue. Le Dr. John Jones était conseiller en éthique pour l’ACCP. Lorsque les chefs de l’ACCP ont décidé de continuer d’accepter des dons et des commandites énormes, il a démissionné, dégouté de leurs agissements, en avril 2009. Il décrit cette situation en détail dans son livre : Reputable Conduct : Ethical Issues in Policing and Corrections. Notre service de police national n’est guère mieux, la GRC suit les traces de l’ACCP et de l’ACP quand il s’agit du registre des armes longues. Le fait d’avoir transféré l’administration du Programme des Armes à Feu libéral et toute sa bureaucratie gonflée à la GRC a été, avec du recul, une erreur monumentale du Gouvernement. Au lieu d’avoir remplacé un groupe de fonctionnaires de gauche, anti-armes par ce qu’on croyait être une organisation policière neutre et dont l’objectif principal devait être d’administrer de manière juste le programme de contrôle des armes à feu : Les propriétaires d’armes à feu se sont retrouvés devant une autre bureaucratie hostile, mais ses fonctionnaires possèdent des armes aussi! L’ironie est à son comble! Le manque de neutralité de la GRC en matière d’armes à feu 32

se trouve dans leur lien direct avec un allié de la Coalition pour le Contrôle des Armes : Le Conseil Canadien de la Sécurité. Le Conseil est bien connu pour sa position antiarme et son ancien président, Émile Thérien est un franc partisan de l’interdiction totale de la possession d’arme par la population civile. M. Thérien a publié plusieurs écrits sur ce sujet. À leur lecture, force est de constater la collusion directe entre son organisme et la Coalition pour le Contrôle des Armes. Les lettres de M. Thérien sont des ‘copiéescollées’ de celles publiées par Mme Cukier elle-même! Mme Cukier a admise publiquement qu’il existe un lien étroit entre son organisation et le Conseil Canadien de Sécurité (CCS), ce qui nous permet de conclure que le CCS est membre de facto de sa Coalition. Depuis que les Conservateurs sont au pouvoir, la Coalition de Mme Cukier a cessé d’être financée par les fonds publics. Mais ses sources de financement actuel soulèvent plusieurs questions. Or des rapports publics indiquent qu’en 2009, la GRC a fourni plusieurs subventions totalisants $110,000.00 à l’allié de Mme Wendy Cukier, Émile Thérien et le Conseil canadien de Sécurité pour fournir de ‘l’éducation’ aux propriétaires d’armes à feu! Les contribuables doivent se demander pourquoi la GRC fait-elle des dons de la sorte et où est passé cet argent? Le Cours Canadien de Sécurité dans le maniement des armes à feu est toujours diffusé et est la pierre angulaire du programme de contrôle des armes à feu des Libéraux. Donc, il est très important de le répéter : En 2009, la GRC a donné plus de $100,000.00 de l’argent des contribuables à un groupe de lobby reconnu pour sa position anti-arme, radicalement politisé avec un agenda de gauche pour que ce groupe fasse la ‘promotion’ de la sécurité en matière d’armes à feu. Pourquoi? Selon la preuve disponible, la seule raison est pour le contrôle. Tant et aussi longtemps que le registre des armes à feu existe, la police conservera son contrôle sur les propriétaires d’armes à feu et sur leurs armes. Ils savent qui en possède et ou elles se trouvent, tout est en place pour le moment de leur confiscation. Du moins, ils pensent qu’ils savent où elles sont… Alors que devons nous faire pour remettre notre corps de police national à sa place? Premièrement : Ses dirigeants doivent reconnaitre que des erreurs graves ont été commises et ils doivent en accepter la responsabilité. Les actions des membres actifs de la GRC doivent se conformer à la Loi sur la Gendarmerie Royale du Canada (DORS/88-361) et les Règlements qui s’y rattachent. L’examen des récents agissements de la GRC telles que ses interventions politiques directes et son lobbying public opposant le projet de loi C-391 indique qu’ils ont agi en contravention avec leur propre Code de Déontologie a multiple reprises. Voici l’intégral des articles d’intérêt :


Règlement de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada (1988) DORS/88-361 LOI SUR LA GENDARMERIE ROYALE DU CANADA Règlement de la Gendarmerie royale du Canada (1988) REGLEMENT CONCERNANT L’ORGANISATION, LA FORMATION, LA CONDUITE, L’EXERCICE DES FONCTIONS, LA DISCIPLINE, LE RENVOI DES MEMBRES PAR MESURE ADMINISTRATIVE, L’EFFICACITE, L’ADMINISTRATION ET LE BON GOUVERNEMENT DE LA GENDARMERIE ROYALE DU CANADA PARTIE III DISCIPLINE Code de déontologie 37. Les articles 38 à 58.7 constituent le code de déontologie régissant la conduite des membres. DORS/99-26, art. 1. 57. (1) Sous réserve du paragraphe 58(2), le membre qui se livre à des activités politiques ne peut présenter ses opinions ou observations comme étant faites pour le compte de la Gendarmerie ni permettre à une personne faisant campagne pour lui de le faire. (2) Le membre qui se porte candidat à l’investiture ou est candidat à une élection fédérale, provinciale ou territoriale, au conseil d’une administration régionale, municipale ou locale, au conseil ou corps dirigeant d’une bande ou d’une première nation ou à la direction d’un parti politique, peut faire état de son grade ou niveau, de son poste et de son expérience au sein de la Gendarmerie afin de se présenter. DORS/94-219, art. 22(A); DORS/99-26, art. 2; DORS/2000-251, art. 1. 58. (1) Sous réserve du paragraphe (2), le commissaire et les membres des grades de souscommissaire, commissaire adjoint ou surintendant principal, ou les membres de niveaux désignés équivalant à ces grades, et les membres exerçant les fonctions de commandant, directeur général ou agent de la police criminelle ne peuvent se livrer à des activités politiques. (2) Il est entendu que tout membre visé au paragraphe

(1) peut, pour le compte de la Gendarmerie, donner des renseignements sur la prestation de services de police par celle-ci en vertu de contrats municipaux, provinciaux ou territoriaux lorsque la prestation de tels services doit être soumise au vote direct de la population. DORS/99-26, art. 2; DORS/2000-251, art. 1. L’interprétation logique de ce règlement indique, qu’en tout temps, aucun membre de la GRC n’est autorisé de se prononcer de manière officielle pendant qu’il occupe d’autres tâches non-officielles et-ou lorsqu’il est engagé dans une activité politique. Un bon père de famille peut conclure que faire du lobbying contre le projet de loi C-391, que ce soit de se présenter en comité parlementaire, ou en fournissant des données et des informations erronées, ou en diffusant des communiqués de presse, ou en donnant des entrevues même de manière indirecte, constituent toutes des ‘activités politiques’. Après avoir communiqué via mémo interne la position officielle pro-registre de la GRC, le Commissaire Adjoint Killam, a ordonné à tous ses membres de se taire s’ils avaient des opinions personnelles contraires à cette position officielle. Pour le commun des mortels, ce genre ‘d’ordre’ s’apparente facilement à la définition d’une ‘activité politique’. Bâillonner ainsi les policiers avec l’objectif de les empêcher d’exprimer publiquement des opinions contraires à l’agenda de la direction, est effectivement un acte politique, en contravention avec l’article 58 du règlement. Le fait d’avoir des opinions contraires à la politique officielle sur le registre des armes longues aurait aussi dévoilé au grand jour la prétention criminellement frauduleuse qui disait que les policiers de première ligne appuient complètement le contrôle des armes et l’enregistrement universel. Le détective Randy Kuntz du Service de Police d’Edmonton a fait un sondage auprès de collègues dans la revue Blue Line en juin 2010. Les résultats étaient concluants : 2410 policiers ont répondus en faveur de l’abolition du registre des armes d’épaules contre 221 en faveur de le conserver. Pendant ce temps le Commissaire Adjoint de la GRC profitait ouvertement de sa position pour appuyer une politique controversée sur le projet de loi C-391, pendant qu’il était encore devant la Chambre des Communes. Ce geste est clairement La Police...Suite page 44



In 2007, Questar International, the Canadian distributor of Rock River Arms firearms succeeded in obtaining a legal ruling from the Senior Firearms Technologist of the RCMP’s Firearms Support Services Branch/ Firearms Reference Table Section concerning the admissibility of a new 10 round magazine designed specifically for the RRA LAR-15 Pistol. The latter model of firearm is the virtual twin of RRA LAR-15 rifles, the most obvious difference being that it lacks a buttstock. In all other respects, it was an AR15 pattern firearm and offered the full interchangeability of parts that the AR family is known for. In the ruling, the RCMP accepted as fact that: 1. The Rock River Arms, LAR-15 Pistol qualified as a, “handgun, commonly available in Canada.”

l a g e L ner r o C s u t a t S l a g W e L & S e h t f 2 o 2 15 e P M g a z in Ma an &

by Se

son Gray



2. The cartridge magazine for said handgun, as manufactured by C Products LLC, was deemed to be acceptable as a “handgun magazine” as it met the following criterion: a. It was designed and manufactured for use in a handgun commonly available in Canada and had a capacity of not more than ten cartridges of the kind or type for which the magazine was designed. b. The cartridge magazine for this handgun as manufactured by C Products LLC was not an adaption of a magazine designed and manufactured for use in a semi-automatic rifle. 3. The design that was found acceptable as a handgun magazine was held by the RCMP, Firearms Support Services, Firearms Reference Table Section to be a “pattern”. This particular design and NO other design was approved for use as a handgun magazine for a handgun commonly available in Canada. 4. As an assist to identification, the cartridge magazines which were deemed acceptable as a magazine for use in a handgun commonly available in Canada, were to bear the following identification markings on the body or magazine case, applied at the time of manufacture by the manufacturer: RRA MODEL LAR-15 PISTOL MAGAZINE 223 REM/5.56 MM NATO - 10 ROUND CAPACITY As a consequence of this ruling, the RRA LAR-15 10 round magazines were imported into Canada in full compliance with existing firearms laws. Almost immediately thereafter, owners of AR-15 rifles and variants purchased these magazines in quantity for use in their AR-15 RIFLES.



Contrary to ‘common opinion’ this is 100% legal and users are in full compliance with Canadian legislation. The crux of the decision lies with how the legislation is written. As a result, technically, your local range Nazi or gunshop ‘expert’ is wholly mistaken in their assertions that all rifles in Canada are limited to 5 rounds and all handguns are limited to 10 rounds. In actuality, the relevant legislation specifies how to determine the capacity of a magazine; and it does so by classifying the magazine itself for type and capacity based on what that magazine was “designed and manufactured” for and not what type or model of firearm it is used in. In fact, the legislation makes no reference to what firearms the magazine is subsequently used in once it has been classified and its legal capacity determined. The classification of, and the legal capacity of a magazine does not change simply because it is placed in or used in a handgun, a semi-auto rifle, a pump rifle, a bolt action rifle, etc.. Consequently, AR-15 shooters were completely within their rights to purchase and use LAR-15 Pistol magazines in their Rifles. The same rules apply to owners of Beretta CX4 ‘Storm’ carbines who utilize Beretta 92 magazines in their semi-auto carbines, or M-14S owners who use AIA magazines in their rifles. Unfortunately, this same ruling has now come full circle and the RCMP Firearms Investigative & Enforcement Services Directorate (the old Tables Section) has issued a new ruling that will affect all owners of S&W M&P 15-22 Rifles. The S&W M&P 15-22 is Smith & Wesson’s flagship .22LR rimfire rifle, and has become hugely popular amongst ‘black rifle’ aficionados and the dedicated rimfire crowd within the Canadian recreational firearms community. Sales of the original rifle version were so strong that S&W also released a pistol version. Currently, both the rifle and pistol versions of the firearm are listed in the RCMP’s Firearms Reference Table. The manufacturer, S&W has subsequently promoted both firearms in their sales literature and advertising campaigns, along with the fact that their OEM 25 round magazine sold with both firearms, was designed and manufactured for BOTH the handgun and the rifle. Unfortunately, as a consequence, said magazines have been deemed to be handgun magazines; which necessarily must be limited to no more than 10 rounds under Canadian law.

• This model is manufactured in both rifle and handgun configurations. The magazine is interchangeable between the two configurations and must therefore be considered a “handgun” magazine. • Because handguns are limited to a ten shot magazine capacity in accordance with the CC PART III, S.84, Regulations PART 4 Para 3.(1)(b) “The Former Cartridge Magazine Control Regulations”, this limits the magazine capacity for the rifle configuration to ten (10) shots, despite the firearm being designed to use rimfire ammunition. (Rimfire rifles ordinarily being exempt from magazine restrictions) Therefore, the RCMP has ruled that the S&W 25 round magazine (Part No.404850000) is a “Prohibited Device” as it has a capacity in excess of 10 rounds. As such, we are left with a situation where hundreds, if not thousands of lawabiding gun owners, now find themselves in possession of “Prohibited Devices”. Canada’s National Firearms Association is currently seeking additional clarification from the RCMP and provincial CFOs on this matter and have requested a formal written determination as to whether or not it will be permissible for owners currently in possession of these magazines to permanently alter or pin them in such a manner as to limit their capacity to a legal 10 rounds, rather than be forced to turn them in for destruction. Once we know more, our website will be updated to reflect the final ruling on this matter. Should any current owners wish to take a more proactive position and contact their provincial CFO individually, I would suggest that you do so in writing and request any official response from your CFO to take the same form. Do not rely on ‘advice’ supplied by a nameless clerk over the telephone to provide any legal protection. Get it in writing. NOTE: This RCMP ruling affects ONLY the S&W 25 round rimfire magazine (Part No.404850000) and has no bearing on any other make or model of magazine. Therefore, individuals possessing rimfire magazines, other than the S&W M&P 15-22, such as those neat 50 round rimfire drum magazines or 30 round Black Dog rimfire magazines, and similar, etc., are completely unaffected by this ruling. Said magazines remain completely legal to use and posses!

There is little room to argue the point here, as unquestionably: • S&W offers for sale a 25 shot magazine available for the M&P 15-22.



Team NFA Update By Grayson Penney

Megan Heinicke We’ve had several happy developments since our last update. All of us here at the Canadian Firearms Journal and NFA are very pleased to announce that our very own Megan Heinicke delivered a beautiful baby boy, Monday the 15th of November. Mother and Baby Predo Emil Heinicke are doing great and according to ‘Mom,’ both have already been on their first Nordic walking loop! Congratulations to both Megan and husband iLmar on this happy occasion! For much of this past fall Megan had been training in Germany. Feeling quite well, on the whole, as she entered the latter stages of her pregnancy. Megan and iLmar took a short trip to the Piemont, (a mountain region in Italy and Switzerland) where they worked in some long bike rides and roller ski training sessions. This trip was the last major intensive training block of Megan’s pregnancy and thereafter, slow and steady was the name of the game; rather than the high intensity training she would normally have been focusing on as an Olympic-class biathlete. Luckily, one of Megan’s favourite types of training has always been the long, slow, endurance/strength building exercises and, as Megan noted, “Nothing beats a few hours on the road bike climbing a 40km pass road with a great view and fresh mountain air!” Back in Germany most of her training was focused on roller skiing and shooting. The latter activity had proved to be an interesting challenge for Megan in the two


months before the birth of Baby Predo, as her balance and shooting positions had changed dramatically with her pregnancy. Megan found that she needed to adapt both her breathing patterns and shooting position to accommodate the physical changes her body was undergoing. The majority of her shooting is done in a ‘rhythm,’ where she applies trigger pressure, pauses on what she calls her ‘out breath’ and then take the shot;


trusting that when the trigger breaks, the bullet will go to the same point of aim, every time. That is how many top tier biathletes train and it was the regime that Megan had developed over her years of national and international competition. However, her pregnancy forced her to reassess and readapt, leading her to look back to the basics and focus more on the sight picture and trigger pressure elements of her competitive manual of arms; as opposed to letting her rehearsed rhythm control the shot as she had in the past. According to Megan, the process has been both interesting, and at times frustrating, but maintains that the added challenges she has faced during this time has served as a positive learning experience and worthwhile mental exercise for her as an athlete. However, Megan enjoyed her first snow of the year back in November and was able to get some actual skiing in for a full three days between the 9th and 11th of November. Brave lady indeed! According to Megan, with the birth of Baby Predo, the next two months will see her focusing on getting back into race shape as fast as possible. On the shooting side this will mean some long hours put into reacquainting herself with the prone position, and she will be doing drills focusing on speed and fluidity until the position feels automatic once again for her. As well, now that her physical training will no longer be limited to low heart rate work, Megan will also be doing a lot of combo shooting in her upper heart rate zones, as is required during actual competition. From a purely physical training perspective, the plan is to take things slowly at first to ensure that her body fully recovers from the stress of her pregnancy and reduced training regime, and to once again rebuild a healthy training base that will get her back into top tier form. For now, Megan tells us that she is feeling great and is eager to resume training full-time. If everything continues to go well, she hopes to be in a position to return to competition as early as this February or March. With her grit and determination, I’m sure she’ll meet her personal goals in that regard.

Matt Neumann Our friend Matt Neumann has also had a very busy fall. Last update we mentioned that Matt had made the move to Canmore full-time to access the critical training facilities available there. Over three months have gone by and the wisdom in making the move is now becoming apparent in Matt’s dramatic improvement. As Matt explained it, when he got to Canmore he was still skiing with his head down; thinking that working hard was enough succeed and honestly believing that if he pushed hard enough he could achieve the goals he had set for himself this year. As Matt tells it, “It took about a week with my new coach to realize that working hard helps, but skiing is a much more complicated puzzle.” He realized that when he was skiing with faster skiers, everyone worked their hardest to stay with the pack; so he would have to learn new tricks and techniques if he wanted that critical edge needed to win. By necessity, Matt’s focus has become razor sharp and he has seen some amazing results with even some small technique changes. The improvement continues and Matt says that these successes have seen him start to carry a new mentality about, ‘being fast.’ In his own words, Matt has finally come to the realization that, “Skiing smarter is so much more rewarding than just working hard.” Matt has been involved with biathlon and competing for eleven years now, and even he tells us that he is amazed that he can continue to learn so much more every day he continues to train. All of us here at NFA are very proud that we can be a part of Matt’s journey toward becoming one of Canada’s preeminent male biathletes. This past October, Matt started skiing on a 1km man-made loop with snow that had been saved over the summer. As with Team NFA... Continued on Page 45



Member’s Soapbox: Another Perspective on Kids, Guns & Zero Tolerance in our Schools By Jon McCormick

Is a zero tolerance for weapons in schools unjustifiably “terrorizing kids,” as noted in the April/May issue of Canadian Firearms Journal, or can we make a case in support of the policy?

players or “gamers,” spend an average of 45 hours a week gaming or watching violent television and videos. 45 hours doesn’t leave much time for studies or socializing.

For my part, I look to recent history for the answer. It shows us that practically all incarcerated Canadian and U.S. teen shooters share numerous common denominators; perhaps the most important from my perspective is the fact that none of these obviously troubled young shooters participated in any sort of adult-led structured activities.

Studies have shown that this level of exposure to violence shuts down the left side of the brain; which is largely responsible for logic and rational thinking. This often results in the creation of a type of “media intoxication” that often manifests during subsequent incarceration or denial of access to the same. Kids often develop additional behavioural problems and actually suffer from a psychological craving for violence.

This is telling, since according to the U.S. Secret Service’s Threat Assessment in Schools, children who do participate in adult created functions have a greater opportunity for success than those who don’t. The question then is why? Perhaps the most obvious answer is because responsible adults do not normally organize violent activities or knowingly condone teen violence; or for that matter permit their kids to participate in the same. From my perspective: Violence is addictive. Teens and video games, whether they’re played on the latest generation of smart phone or a home computer, unfortunately go together far too often today. Surveys show that serious

In addition, Secret Service experts found that just five hours of daily television for 2-3 year old children adds a 50% chance of the development of ADD (Attention Deficit Disorder) at age 5. There are consequences to allowing the “Boob Tube”, or for that matter YouTube to raise our kids. Parents, ask yourself: Has your child returned to school after a summer of unsupervised video gaming or was s/ he working mowing lawns, babysitting and doing odd jobs? Does your child recluse her/himself in their bedroom for hours at a time rather than spend time in outside activities with other kids and peer groups? To prove the Secret Service’s point


and to discover any lasting effects of high levels of television viewing, Stanford Medical School in Palo Alto, California, studied grade 3 and 4 students in two elementary schools. Stanford’s study involved a control group and another that was asked to not engage in watching television, playing video games, etc., for thirty days. The Stanford researchers found that there was a 40% reduction in violence and a 55% reduction in bullying in the next semester within the test group. Isolated experiment? Absolutely not! Col. Dave Grossman (Ret.’d), in Preventing School Violence (www. points out in his presentation to the Annual Convention of the Pediatric Academic Society that the Stanford study is supported by numerous other peer-reviewed works. As in the case of the Stanford study, most found that ready access to firearms and extensive exposure to violent video games were two of the key contributing factors in both youth and school-related violence. Principal Mike Smajda, of Lemmer Elementary School in Escanaba, Michigan, was horrified to learn that one of his first-grade pupils at had watched “The Texas Chainsaw Massacre.” Not long afterward, the boy was playing in a school-yard leaf pile with a girl when he suddenly began kicking her in the


head. Another boy joined in. “They felt it was part of the game,” Smajda later said. “They both kicked her until her head was bleeding and she had to go to the hospital.” Attempting to make a change, Smajda challenged students to do without TV and all other screen entertainment for ten days; then afterwards to limit themselves to just seven hours a week of non-violent programs. A full 90% of the 400plus students took part. Administrators and teachers said short-term results were amazing; observing less aggressive behaviour and, in some cases, better standardized test scores. Smajda says the school is, “Trying to educate parents to monitor what their kids are watching, many of the parents don’t have a clue.” What else may possibly cause child aggression? One bitter seventh grader would continually jump unsuspecting students in the hallway and beat them to unconsciousness. No apparent reason. No apparent motivation other than his uncontrolled rage. The father criticized the school saying, “When the little sonof-a-bitch gets out of line I hit him with a 2X4, why can’t you control him?” So where do firearms enter the equation? Where do children obtain them? Black market? Unlikely. Stealing them? Possibly. But how? Break and enter? That would be a hit and miss proposition unless, s/he knew someone who had unsecured firearms. Perhaps from a family friend or local hunter or collector? A collection possibly left unsecured or improperly secured permitting unauthorized access?

Such answers are important. For instance, earlier this spring a 13-year-old Surrey, British Columbia boy was arrested after a nine-millimetre handgun and bullets were found in his backpack on school property. Whether we like it or not, kids with problems are finding access to firearms, either legal or illegal. The former we, as responsible firearms owners, can control. The latter are the responsibility of law enforcement. In the case of the Surry, BC teen, RCMP say they were called to Johnston Heights Secondary school after someone tipped off the school’s liaison officer. The officer found the weapon. In a search of the student’s guardian’s residence, police later found two rifles, magazines and a large amount of ammunition in a locked safe. Yet somehow the child in question still obtained access. Yes, suspending children for pointing a finger at another child imitating a firearm is a bit much; but remember, Canada has already had several incidents of violent school behaviour which may warrant RCMP intervention and a zero tolerance. However, perhaps such actions would not be necessary if our children received more hands-on attention from parents and other role-models instead of from “Master Chief” of HALO fame on Xbox. It is the job of parents to protect their kids and to prepare them to become fully functional members of society. There is a reason why children who grow up hunting and fishing with their folks rarely ever fall into the trap of misdirected youth violence and usually prove to be well-rounded and adjusted kids; one that you won’t find in Grand Theft Auto or “The Texas Chainsaw Massacre.”

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The Life & Guns of John Wesley Hardin - Part II By Jesse “Wolf” Hardin

John Wesley was carrying a double action Colt Model 1877 “Lightning” and rolling ivory dice, when he was smartly, but cowardly gunned down from behind. Photo by Jesse Wolf Hardin.


John Wesley Hardin, as he may have looked around the time of his release from the Texas prison where he had spent so very many years, heartbroke to have lost his wife only a few years prior. Photo courtesy of the author.


The middle-aged shootist John Wesley Hardin was released from prison with a new suit and a state issued check for just under $15. His mother, who had always loved and protected him, had died during his imprisonment, in 1885, followed by his son in early 1893. His wife Jane, faithful and supportive throughout her impoverished separation, died at age 36... tragically only one year and fours months before John Wesley’s release! Brooding, but hopeful, in early 1895 attorney-at-law, J.W. Hardin chose El Paso to hang out his shingle, ( less than 200 uninhabited miles Southeast of the cabin where I write this, ) just a short ride the other side of the Texas/New Mexico state line. Whatever hopes he might have had for a profitable and legitimate career were soon crushed; finding that few outside of the impoverished Latino community would trust an exconvict with their legal work. Hardin increasingly turned to the solace of caramel tinged whiskey, and the more lucrative gaming tables found in the back of local saloons. It didn’t help Hardin’s chances any that El Paso authorities anticipated his arrival with both concern and trepidation. Most lawmen feared him, a few envied his nerve, skill and reputation, and all expected that sooner or later there would be trouble. The respected Chief of Police, Jeff Milton secreted a number of Burgess folding shotguns in strategic location around town, for such an eventuality, while sometime deputies John Selman and George Scarborough constantly drafted and redrafted plans for how to deal with him when the time came. John Wesley didn’t help matters by his regular demonstrations, of his sublime gun handling abilities and impressive marksmanship almost from the day of his arrival. Hardin was always game to tweak the noses of the powers-thatbe, yet, having spent close to half his life in the penitentiary he had developed a degree of judgment and temperance, if not reserve. For instance, in August of ‘95 he prudently acquiesced to an outraged Milton, when confronted with accusations he’d supposedly made. Hardin was “so much faster,” the courageous officer later admitted, “that if he had gone for a gun, I wouldn’t have had a chance.” Similarly, the previous July he made no objections when asked to come in and appear on charges of gambling, carrying a firearm, and robbery. This newfound judgement had its limits, however, and whether he felt cheated or merely offended at being called a “jail rat,” by a fellow gambler on May 2nd an inebriated Hardin produced a pearl handled Colt .41 caliber double action revolver and relieved the offending player of the $95 he’d just lost at craps; all the while humming a happy tune. Then to the newspapers that had questioned the necessity and severity of his response, he wrote a number of lines of explanation and defense including: “I admire pluck, virtue and push wherever found. Yet I contempt and despise a

John Wesley studied law in prison and briefly hung out a lawyer’s shingle, though he quickly found out few desired the services of a incontrovertibly deadly ex-convict. Art by Jesse Wolf Hardin.

coward and assassin of character, whether he be a reporter, a journalist, or a gambler.” Hardin was a natural born gun-handler and was blessed with extraordinary hand-eye coordination. From the time he was kid he loved to stalk “among the big pines and oaks with a gun,” but soon enough his primary use for a firearm was armed combat, rather than boyhood fun. While he may have killed one hapless fellow in 1876 with a Winchester rifle, he preferred the kinds of up close confrontations in which purpose shotguns and handguns so excel. He dropped his first man with what was likely a Colt Dragoon .44, and used Colt and Remington percussion revolvers for most of his other many kills. We can be sure that by 1874 he’d converted from carrying percussion models to the latest in American made cartridge revolvers– as it was on Hardin’s birthday, in May of that year, that he used an ivory handled “Russian” model Smith & Wesson .44 (serial number #25274) to take Sheriff Charley Webb’s life. And Colt Single Action .45’s may have been the instruments of destruction for pursuing Pinkerton agents in 1876, and possible two Mobile, Alabama police. Upon his release he seems to have preferred the rapidity of fire offered by double action revolvers. As most readers are aware, single-action designs require that the hammer be cocked with the thumb for every shot, whereas with so called double-action arms the shooter not only spins the cylinder but cocks and releases the hammer with a single long pull of the trigger. The SA is nearly as fast for the first shot, but subsequent aimed fire is considerably improved in the double-action mode. Besides the .41 Colt 1877 used to dominate the crowd at the Gem, he also owned at least one ‘77 “Lightning” in .38 LC (Serial number #84304– gifted by friend Jim Miller), and the larger framed double-action Colt 1878 in .44 WCF (serial number #352) removed from his body at the time of his death. It goes without saying that the drop-loop “quick draw” or “buscadero” holster popularized by 1950’s T.V. shows never existed in the historic West, nor would it have been desirable



The Texas Governor’s official secretary signed off on John Wesley’s restoration of citizenship, meant to pave the way for a law abiding future. Courtesy of the author. Hardin was quicker than perhaps any other known shootist. He was just as quick to try out the latest in modern designs such as double-action Colt 1878 .44-40 revolvers like this one. Photo courtesy of Jim Supica.

many gunmen and shootists, Hardin really was as fast as he was accurate. Sometime after his capture he put on a display of quick draw, border shifts and rolls for the entertainment of his guards. Ranger Jim Gillette described his “slight of hand” gun handling as having been executed with nothing less than “magical precision.”

t o have a gun positioned so low whether planting fence posts or snaking through the crowds of a smoke filled saloon. Most common were the tight fitting “Slim Jim,” skirted designs, and surplus military models with their protective rain flaps removed. None of these had tie-downs, requiring the wearer to grab them with one hand while drawing their weapon with the other– hence the expression “slapping leather.” It’s suggested that at least towards the end, Hardin preferred to carry his arms in shoulder holsters or tucked conveniently into his waistband. However they were carried, his proficiency in getting them out and hitting what he was aiming at was nothing less than amazing– a skill that he demonstrated first through a growing body count, and later by blasting poker cards held up by his admirers. Unlike 42

A fast gun and heart full of “pluck and push,” however, could guarantee neither freedom nor life. And now he was finding out the hard way: that a willingness to stand up to insult and injury was no longer considered a manly virtue by civilizing residents. Millions of dollars were being made by bankers and speculators through systemic manipulation and deception– while the woman and men who candidly spoke their mind, who leveraged power face to face and gladly met each test, often found themselves pariahs in the rapidly urbanizing West. It’s hard to imagine their alienation, their grieving over lost values and lost ways, or the existential loneliness that must have haunted their sleepless nights. The damage, and the despair. On the afternoon of the 18th, August of 1895, John Wesley Hardin was in the midst of rolling dice at the Acme saloon bar– standing uncharacteristically with his back exposed to anyone stepping through its louvered swinging doors. An agitated Constable Selman had barely entered the room before blasting the preeminent shootist of all time in the back of the head. He then pumped two more rounds into


his target’s chest and arm, as he lay motionless on his back in a spreading puddle of blood and gore. It could be said that Hardin was weary, but that’s not the same as either indifferent nor oblivious. Our man was well aware of the many dangers he faced, and had only a short time before had a major row with Old Man Selman and his son John Jr. It was something more than alcohol induced laxness that predetermined his attitude and posture on that fateful day. Hardly a month goes by that we don’t read in some newspaper or hear on the radio about another case of what is now called “suicide by cop:” someone at the end of their emotional rope ignoring the repeated calls by the police to drop their weapon, orchestrating the situation so that the police have no option but to shoot. But as much as he must have suffered at that point, Hardin’s death was no form of suicide, nor was it Hardin’s wish to die. More than anything else he was gambling

that fateful afternoon– with not only his money, but with his life. He was upping the ante, increasing the severity of the test, and calling the opposition’s bluff! He was ready to rake in the winner’s chips, to break the bank with the next throw of dice, as well as to pay what has always been the highest price. The last sounds he likely heard were the shuffling of the constable’s feet some 6 or 8 feet behind where he stood, and the rattle of dancing ivories on the bar’s polished wood. And it’s not hard to see why the wizened Selman carried out his ignoble plan with such stealth and haste. A split second before the two-hundred and fifty grain slug roared in his direction, Hardin began instinctively reaching for the gun long at home at his waist. Indeed, even as his world was collapsing around him, firearms were something he felt he could count on and thus he never went anywhere without them. They were more than a means for defense, more than a strategy for


The grave of John Wesley Hardin marks the final resting place of perhaps the most efficient and willing of Old West shootists. Photo courtesy of the author.

the attainment of deference and respect. Guns became the buddies that would never let him down, the girlfriend that would never leave, the wife that would never be taken away from him by disaster or disease. They came to represent for the aging shootist – as they do for this author – the possibility of a code, an independent way of being and acting that we hope will never die.


La Police...Suite page 33 une tentative d’influencer l’opinion publique et la création des lois, donc une activité politique illégale. Certains viendront au secours de la GRC en disant qu’il est normal que le Commissaire Adjoint agisse ainsi, qu’il diffuse des communiqués de presse sur la position de son organisation, qu’il est normal qu’il informe le Gouvernement sur divers enjeux. Ceci est permis seulement lorsque que des hauts gradés ou d’autres représentants de la GRC sont sommés directement par le Gouvernement, de se présenter devant des audiences officielles telles que le Comité sur la Sécurité Publique pour répondre à des questions précises. Dans le cas qui nous préoccupe le Commissaire Adjoint ne s’est pas limité à un rôle non-partisan, informatif ou du genre expert conseil. La GRC a outrepassée son mandat en émettant son opinion sur le projet de loi C-391, puisqu’elle n’a pas été sollicitée par le Gouvernement. La GRC ne légifère pas. Elle est un outil non-partisan important créé par une autorité civile qu’est le Gouvernement. Sont rôle est de voir à l’application des Lois créées par cette même autorité civile. Elle doit appliquer les Lois existantes et s’adapter à toutes les modifications des Lois dictées par le Parlement. Pour que l’administration de la Justice soit protégée, il doit exister une séparation entre ceux qui font respecter les Lois et le Parlement.

Les organisations telles que l’Association Canadienne des Chefs de Police, (ACCP), L’Association Canadienne des Policiers ainsi que la Fraternité des Policiers et Policières de Montréal (FPPM) ont tous participé à du lobbying politique contre le projet de loi C-391. Ils sont tous en contravention directe au règlement de la de la GRC et de la Loi sur la Police du Québec. Au Québec, la Loi sur la Police et ses articles 122 à 125, définissent l’interdiction de se livrer à des activités politiques et le devoir de neutralité. L.R.Q., chapitre P-13.1 LOI SUR LA POLICE Voici l’article 125 : 125. Les dispositions du présent chapitre s’appliquent sans préjudice des dispositions du Code de déontologie des policiers du Québec (R.R.Q., c. P-13.1, r. 1), notamment de celles qui concernent le devoir de neutralité politique dans l’exercice de leurs fonctions, le devoir de réserve dans la manifestation publique d’opinions politiques, le devoir de discrétion, le devoir d’impartialité dans l’exercice de leurs fonctions et les conflits d’intérêts. Elles s’appliquent également sans préjudice des règles de discipline. 2000, c. 12, a. 125.

Les commentaires et contributions directes des policiers doivent se manifester seulement lorsque le Gouvernement en fait la demande spécifique. Ils ne doivent jamais se faire spontanément par des conférences de presse, sur les sites web gouvernementaux ou par des campagnes postales payées par les contribuables. Le Commissaire Adjoint Killam n’a pas respecté ces règles.

Si vous êtes en désaccord avec les agissements de la GRC vous pouvez porter plainte ici :

Le summum de l’odieux est de constater leur volonté manifeste de contourner leur propre règlement en fournissant de l’argent au Conseil Canadien de la Sécurité, sachant que cette organisation est reconnue pour son lobbying anti-arme et son association avec la Coalition pour le Contrôle des Armes à Feu.

Association Canadienne des Propriétaires d’Armes à feu

Un nouvel organisme civil de surveillance déontologique de la GRC vient d’être créé, mais c’est tout nouveau et pas encore tout à fait opérationnel. Donc c’est à nous les propriétaires responsables d’armes à feu de porter plainte contre ces horribles transgressions des corps policiers dans le domaine politique.

Steve Buddo, Directeur Régional Québec, 450-4300786

44 Si vous êtes en désaccord avec les agissements d’un corps police de la province de Québec vous pouvez porter plainte ici :

Sans frais : 1-877-818-0393 Contacts : Sheldon Clare, Président, 250-981-1841 sheldon@

Phil Simard, Directeur Régional Québec, 514-3650685


Team NFA... Continued From Page 37 anything artificial, one of the challenges any athlete has to overcome is the boredom of repetition. Matt was no exception and even though this man-made loop quickly became boring for him and the artificial snow conditions was very poor; his work ethic ensured that his dedication remained unaffected. Considering the fact that he often turned in full three hour training sessions, day after day, on what was for him a three minute loop, we can all appreciate just how dedicated Matt is to his sport. With the dip in temperatures and the first real snow of the year, Matt is finally in his element once again and hard at work training on the skis and hitting the firing range. For now, Matt has a busy pre-season ahead of him with a full slate of competitions booked for December, including: December 4th - 5th - Alberta Cup, Canmore Nordic Kickstart (Canmore, AB) December 11th – 12th Haywood NorAm & Teck Sprints (Sovereign Lakes, BC) December 17th – 19th - Haywood NorAm Teck Sprint Series Multi-Stage Tour (Rossland, BC)

are on top of this! Over the past decade, Rob has run over 5000 student shooters through one or another of his various classes of instruction. For a guy with a full-time job and a full-time athlete, that number is something to be applauded. For the rest of the off-season, Rob plans on continuing with his regular training regime and shooting practice. At the same time, he’s already in the process of scheduling additional intro/ basic shooting courses, as well as more advanced intermediate level courses for more experienced pistol shooters that will occupy much of his free time for the next three months. If that wasn’t enough, Rob is also hoping to help get an IPSC club going and start hosting matches. Longer-term, Rob has already started his preparation and fundraising for the 2011 World Shoot in Greece. Unfortunately, it appears that Rob’s injury from last year will have dropped him just enough in the rankings to miss the cut for the 2011 national team. However, Rob’s standing is high enough to put him on the alternates list if someone drops out or is unable to make the World Shoot. For now, he’ll be competing as an independent, representing Canada’s National Firearms Association. With the fantastically successful competition season Rob has just wrapped up, we all expect big things from Rob in 2011.

Rob Engh

Robert “Fang” Engh

Rob, our ‘summer sport’ team member is looking toward his off-season training and assessment of this past season’s performance. He enjoyed another great competitive season and is getting back to top form after his unfortunate injury last year. With winter finally here, there are no scheduled matches for Rob until the end of January, and the big Montreal shoot. With the exception of Montreal, Rob’s competition schedule will remain free until the start of the new season this spring. In the meantime, Rob and the gang from his home club have thankfully completed the renovations we previously covered in our last TEAM NFA Update, and according to Rob, the new indoor range at Abbotsford Fish and Game Club is top notch. As a very community-oriented individual, Rob continues to give back to our recreational firearms community with his regular training sessions and new shooter classes. As we go to print, Rob has already held one introduction to handguns class on the renovated shooting range, and improved facility has met with universal approval from both new and old shooters alike, especially in terms of better ventilation and air quality. Rob has also been running free ‘Skills and Drills’ nights at his home club for the past ten years. His other teaching activities

Rob in a shooting competition in the Czech Republic

Competing in the shooting sports at the national or international level is extremely expensive and young shooters such as the three members of TEAM NFA are constantly forced to devote much of their extremely limited time to fund-raising. Canada’s National Firearms Association is proud to help sponsor these fine young athletes, but they can always use more help and more support. If any readers would like to make a direct donation to TEAM NFA, please E-mail or call us toll free at 1-877-818-0393


- Editors


Teach them young,

‘n teach them right!

On a per capita basis, Canadian gun owners are veritable senior citizens. Our ranks show far more greybeards than smiling youth. Blame increasing urbanization, changing employment patterns, the dissolution of the traditional nuclear family; but most of all, the forty years of Liberal-directed ‘social re-engineering’ Canadian society has been subjected to. Starting with the unlamented Pierre Trudeau, Canadians have been inculcated to fear and/or hate firearms, and by association hunting, whether for sport or sustenance. The ranks of Canadian hunters are similarly lacking in ‘youthful vigour;’ here in my home province of Newfoundland the average age of a Newfoundland big game hunter is north of 50! That doesn’t bode well for future conservation efforts for our provincial natural resources department, nor for that of the remaining DNR bodies across the country. With the perceived increase in moosevehicle accidents on Newfoundland highways, there is an increasing movement within some segments of the population to institute culls or install prohibitively expensive highway fencing that would be of questionable efficacy. As I understand it, similar calls are being heard across Canada. As any conservation officer or wildlife biologist will tell you, there is a far simpler and effective solution to such a conundrum: the responsible hunter. Properly educated, ethical hunters are the single most valuable conservation ‘tool’ available to any provincial DNR or environment ministry. Not only are

they available at minimal cost, they are willing to pay for the privilege of doing so. When legal hunters are removed from the equation or proper attention isn’t paid to population management, disaster strikes. What most urban dwellers and nonhunters fail to realize is: hunting matters. It is an integral part of what it means to be a Canadian. Our shared cultural heritage is built upon a foundation constructed by the generations of fur trappers and explorers who made their living from trapping and hunting; and in doing so opened up what would become Canada to the world. Our French cousins, the famed voyageurs, did the same. Their exploits and stories inspired generations of early colonists and later pioneers and settlers who pushed the frontier of the Canadian wilderness ever westward. Whether with flintlock musket or percussion rifle, all were armed and used their firearms to harvest the bounty which the land offered up. Guns were both prized possessions and essential survival tools. They protected the early explorers, trappers and settlers and put food in their bellies through lean times and fat. Children on the frontier were never taught to fear firearms; respect, most certainly, but never to fear them. Children were taught how to use and maintain firearms, essentially from the time they were strong enough to keep both ends of the traditional flintlock trade musket or later percussion or cartridge long gun from dragging in the dirt. Pistols were not uncommon either, although not as abundant in their distribution due to the often modest means of many early settlers and explorers. Children in 18th, 19th and even 20th Century Canada, especially in rural areas, shared a connection to the land, nature and thus to firearms. They grew up using and shooting guns, just as did

their fathers and grandfathers before them. Obviously, that natural state of affairs is changing or has changed, and not for the better; but there certain forces working to swing that particular pendulum back the other way. Thanks to the Internet and the explosion in social networking sites, we’re seeing adults and kids alike who have zero ties to the recreational firearms community or our hunting traditions, seek out information and mentors to aid them in joining our ranks. Such developments are indeed heartening. We’re also seeing many more kids from single-parent or broken-homes take to the shooting sports through the good graces of communitybased volunteers, local outreach programs sponsored by various gun clubs, and various wildlife organizations. In my relationship with National Firearms Association, I’ve worked to do much the same thing in my local area. Seeing such kids, who were formerly so disconnected from the world, experience the joy of their first successful hunt, and to witness the pride and confidence such experiences instil grow within them is truly rewarding. We’re not only creating better hunters, we’re building better citizens. Yet, there is a right way and a wrong way to effect this transformation. Safety and responsibility have to be paramount and kids need to recognize the grave responsibility that firearms bring with them. You don’t hand an inexperienced youth a loaded firearm and send him or her out into the woods without the proper training to make good decisions. That sense of responsibility and respect has to be instilled into our kids and they must be taught that, unlike in the world of video games and movies, there is no ‘power packs’ or ‘med kits’ to be found

By Grayson Penney



that will regenerate ‘war wounds’ and there is no hidden ‘Easter egg’ or ‘cheat code’ that will grant them unlimited lives so that they can finish the ‘game.’ This warning is not without cause. While pondering a topic for my latest column I learned of a tragic shooting that recently occurred in the woods surrounding the small community of Musgravetown, NL. I know that area well, and my own boys have hunted those same woods with their cousins growing up. The 15 year-old boy in question apparently sustained a shotgun blast to the head and neck area while rabbit hunting with two other teenagers. As I write this, he remains in critical, but stable condition. Obviously, my thoughts and prayers go out to the family of the injured boy and everyone here at CFJ hope for a speedy recovery. Not surprisingly, however, in the days since the incident the anti-gun crowd has jumped on this tragedy; calling for greater gun control measures and citing the shooting as proof that the Liberals and NDP made the right call in ‘saving’ the long-gun registry. Interestingly enough, none sharing this belief could offer a valid argument as to how exactly a computer database could have prevented such a needless and wholly avoidable incident. To update a well-known adage from famed Roman statesman Seneca, ‘a firearm is never a killer, but merely a tool in the killer’s hands.’ The Musgravetown shooting was not triggered by the shotgun that fired the actual charge of lead that wounded the youth in question; it was merely an improperly employed tool in the hands of an inexperienced or improperly trained youth. An unfortunate teen who had obviously never received the adult instruction necessary to teach him to be a safe hunter, and/or supervision required by law, that may have possibly prevented

him from pulling that fateful trigger. Some commentators gasped in shock when they learned that the hunting party consisted of three teenagers, and calls immediately went out to impose ‘bans’ on youth hunting. The irony being that current Newfoundland hunting regulations prohibit teens under the age of 16 from carrying firearms for hunting purposes unless under the direct supervision of a qualified adult. Obviously, if the shooting victim’s companions were of a similar age, none of the party was in compliance with current legislation. Honestly, other than the fact that is the current law of the land and should be obeyed, the relative youth of the teens involved did not give me pause. I was trusted at a far earlier age by my father to take my prized Cooey .22 afield, just as I did with my own boys. They were taught not to fire at sound or movement, and to clearly identify what they were shooting at. Clearly, the Musgravetown youths had not, otherwise their schoolmate would not be laying in a hospital bed right now. As tragic as the Musgravetown incident was, I don’t consider it an ‘accident.’ I worked hard to instil in my kids a profound respect for the awesome responsibility that accompanies the carrying of a loaded firearm. It angers me that there are other parents who either through omission or a misplaced sense of right and wrong deliberately choose not to teach their children gun safety. The Musgravetown incident therefore, must properly be classified as a negligent discharge by a poorly trained youth who obviously lacked the skills or maturity to make good decisions under field conditions. Plainly, he found himself in a situation he was ill-prepared to deal with and made the wrong decision. Consequently, fault must be equally shared by the boy’s parents, who had

a duty to teach their child proper gun safety and equip them with the hunting skills necessary to protect them and their companions while afield. Legally, if proper supervision was not provided to the three youths in question, none of them had any business in the woods with firearms anyway. Recently, a real debate had finally been started within government and hunting fraternity circles toward lowering the minimum age for Newfoundland youth to carry firearms under adult supervision to age 10-12. Such a move would bring our hunting regulations more in line with the rest of North America, where tens of thousands of pre-adolescents regularly take to the field under adult supervision and enjoy great success, safely harvesting both small and big game for the table. It will indeed be unfortunate if that debate is subsequently derailed by the events of recent days; but there is no question that putting more hunters in the field, who are fully trained, educated and properly supervised is one of the quickest and most cost effective ways to help conserve our natural resources and reduce the incidence of moose and deer-vehicle collisions. Current sociological research, backed up by government statistics, clearly shows that kids who are taught to hunt and shoot by their folks grow up to be well-adjusted, happy and productive members of society. They tend to do better in school, get better grades, are more respectful of themselves and their peers; not to mention their teachers and elders, and typically have a higher incidence of community volunteerism. As I said, in doing so we’re also building better citizens. We just need to make sure we ‘teach them right!’…And that is the last word.

The Last Word...




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Dec09Jan09.indd 47

10/12/2009 12:54:51 PM

Canadian Firearms Journal - December 2010  

Canada’s recreational firearms community is aging. New shooter recruitment is critical if we are to preserve our firearms heritage. Introduc...

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