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NATHAN BURGESS portfolio

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Introduction| Nathan Burgess DESIGN TOOLS | PROCESS My work in graduate school has been characterized by conceptual and technological experimentation within a suite of emerging and traditional design tools. The resulting projects are situated at the boundary between the scientific and the intuitive—bearing the mark of my undergraduate training in environmental science and literary criticism. A common theme within much of this work is the production of landscape by interventions within human and geophysical processes. I have organized the first section of the portfolio in order to highlight my experimentation with the tools of design and the second section to describe how these tools find their way into the process of researching and designing landscapes.

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Independence Community Park becomes a home away from home for the citizens of Melville. For several days the park provides space for parking and plenty of amenities. Here and in parks like it outside of the basin, Melvillians can create annual rituals and traditions, and continue to enjoy their rights to Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness! Move your game piece to Independence Park.

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HISTORICAL TOPOGRAPHY p. 38

CARNIVOROUS NURSERY p. 46

FARMER’S MARKET INFORMATICS p. 56

Introduction| Nathan Burgess

DESIGN PROCESS

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Design Toolbox | Diagram Portfolio_2013.indb 5

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ANALOG DIAGRAM | ANATOMY OF A BARRIER ISLAND ink, Thesis Design Research/Regenerative Technologies, Fall 2012 advisor: Brian Osborn, critic: Matthew Jull, Theresa Gali (based on Reinson, 1992)

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These hand drawn block diagrams helped to quickly record my understanding of barrier island ecology for my thesis research on coastal morphological modeling in designing for sea level rise adaptation at Sandbridge Beach, VA.

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These diagrams explore the relationship between the Venice lagoon—possibly the oldest “constructed wetland”—and a new wetland constructed on Port of Marghera fill. I used drawing extensively in this project, inspired by the newly discovered work of Raumlabor and the considerable challenge of obtaining GIS data from Italian government servers.

Design designToolbox toolbox || Diagram diagram

ANALOG DIAGRAM | ANATOMY OF TWO CONSTRUCTED LAGOONS ink, colored pencil, ParadoxCity Studio: Venice, Spring 2012, critic: Jorg Sieweke

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DIGITAL DIAGRAM | ATCHAFALAYA FLOOD ROULETTE Adobe Illustrator and Rhinoceros3D (Grasshopper Plugin) ParadoxCity Studio: New Orleans, Fall 2011, critic: Jorg Sieweke (data from NOAA, National Flood Insurace)


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This diagram synthesizes research into the geophysical and social rules of the life-or-death game of ring-levee town property ownership at the base of the Morganza floodway. The representation also features (and evokes the design process of) diagrams generated parametrically with Grasshopper (roulette boards).

design toolbox | diagram


HYBRID DIAGRAM | ATCHAFALAYA LANDFORM TYPOLOGIES chipboard, Rhinocerus 3D, Grasshopper plugin ParadoxCity Studio: New Orleans, Fall 2011, critic: Jorg Sieweke This hybrid diagramming process took advantage of newly acquired understanding of parametric modeling to streamline a collaborative workflow. My collaborator could scan physical diagrams in chipboard (left) and I created a script to convert these diagrams to digital block diagrams for use in our project.

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bioswale

polder

moat

alluvial fan

remediation field

crevasse

superlevee

oxbow lake

check dam

levee

windrow

Ijsseloog (collaborative)

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design toolbox | diagram

This diagrammatic model solved the challenge of representing the distinction between non-physical geopolitical space (acrylic) and topographic space (chipboard). The geopolitical plane illustrates two approaches to living in the delta: narrower French parcels aggregate along naturally high ground while the Jeffersonian grid extends through the lowlands.

HYBRID DIAGRAMMATIC MODEL | HISTORIC ATCHALAYA LEVEE SETTLEMENT laser-cut chipboard and laser-etched acrylic, cardboard, wood ParadoxCity Studio: New Orleans, Fall 2011, critic: Jorg Sieweke (collaborative)

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Design Toolbox | Map Portfolio_2013.indb 13

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(MOSTLY) ANALOG MAP | HUMAN ECOLOGY OF THE VENICE LAGOON ink (drawn over a digital aerial collage) ParadoxCity Studio: Venice, Spring 2012, critic: Jorg Sieweke

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design toolbox | map

Inspired by the representation of Raumlabor and my work as an illustrator prior to graduate school at Earth magazine, this drawing helped me frame the novel human ecology of the Venice lagoon as my collaborator and I began conceptual design exploration for land “reclaimed� by the Port of Marghera at Cassa di Colmata B.

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DIGITAL MAPPING | UVA ACADEMICAL VILLAGE PAVILLION GARDEN SURVEYS ESRI ArcMap (from field notes) Cultural Landscape Report Fellowship, Summer 2012, supervisor: Mary Hughes

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In this project, I worked with another summer intern to survey and map the vegetation, garden walls, paths, and site furniture in 10 gardens associated with UVA’s Academical Village. We created ArcMap .shp datasets for each category.

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HYBRID GAMEBOARD MAP | THE FLOOD GAME cardboard, ink, ArcGIS, Adobe Illustrator, Photoshop ParadoxCity Studio: Venice, Spring 2012, critic: Jorg Sieweke

TOO LITTLE CARGO SPACE FOR EVACUATION

CAN’T MOVE IT

BUILDING ELEVATION Melville has many one story ranch-style homes. In the photos from the 1927 flood, these houses would barely peek above the water. Pay $400 for flood insurance.

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FAILED

INSPECTION

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TOO LITTLE CARGO SPACE FOR EVACUATION

design toolbox | map

This gameboard is a map, a plan, and a model of life in a Mississippi River Floodway. It maps the cycle of flood evacuation and return for residents of ring-levee towns like Melville, LA. It also proposes a distributed support network that encourages residents to transition to jobs and lives on higher ground.

CAN’T MOVE IT

BUILDING ELEVATION Melville has many one story ranch-style homes. In the photos from the 1927 flood, these houses would barely peek above the water. Pay $400 for flood insurance.

FAILED

INSPECTION

Independence Community Park becomes a home away from home for the citizens of Melville. For several days the park provides space for parking and plenty of amenities. Here and in parks like it outside of the basin, Melvillians can create annual rituals and traditions, and continue to enjoy their rights to Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness! Move your game piece to Independence Park.

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Design Toolbox | Model Portfolio_2013.indb 21

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ANALOG SECTION MODEL | GEOLOGY AND ECOLOGY OF CASSA DI COLMATA B cardboard, chipboard, paper, nails, sand ParadoxCity Studio: Venice, Spring 2012, critic: Jorg Sieweke This collaboratively constructed section model of Cassa di Colmata B represents the relationship of a distinctive layer of clay in the Venetian lagoon and its impact on the formation of the intricate network of channels within the lagoon. Carving the channels by hand from aerial photographs imparted a visceral understanding of morphological change.

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This project curated the morphological change of a large lump of nourishment sand placed off the coast of Virginia Beach, Virginia. This simple sand table helped to visualize how a lunar calendar of data-collecting buoys might serve as a datum and palimpsest for a periodic nourishment ritual. My thesis research uses a simple morphological model, the Coastal Evolution Model for a similar purpose.

design toolbox | model

ANALOG PROCESS MODEL | WILLOUGHBY SPIT MOONSCAPE cardboard, chipboard, paper, nails, sand Foundation Studio II: Spring 2011, critic: Dr. Kristina Hill

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DIGITAL MODEL | BUOYS AND COASTAL MORPHOLOGY rhinoceros 3D, photoshop (rendering) Foundation Studio II, Spring 2011, critic: Kristina Hill

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design toolbox | model

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HYBRID MODEL | PLAZA DESIGN ALTERNATIVES Externship: Michael Vergason Landscape Architects, January 2012 collaboratively designed with Michael Vergason Michael Vergason asked me to construct a model his proposed plaza in Forth Worth, Texas. Working with Vergason, I created a model with several interchangeable topographic inserts and site features. This model’s groundplane is illustrated with Vergason’s handdrawn site plans and building facades are illustrated with elevations of buildings from a consulting architect.

The model inserts above were designed so that buildlings and site features, such as trees and pergolas, could be inserted into the model, allowing for live demonstration of various plaza configurations.

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design toolbox | model

HYBRID FABRICATED MODEL | ASCLEPIUS HIGH FLOW DISTRIBUTOR Soft Surface Operations, Fall 2011, critic: Lucia Phinney This mechanical model of a milkweed pod responded to changes in fluid flow by opening or closing. This design project developed into a broader project researching the aerodynamics of milkweed pods in an environmental science course in fluid mechanics.

Rhino3D + Grasshopper Plugin + Firefly Plugin + Arduino Microprocessor: Responsive Digital Model

Ink: Milkweed Pod, Mechanical Diagram

Acrylic + Rhino3D + Laser Cutter + Arduino Microprocessor + Water Flow Sensor + Servos: Fabricated Mechanical Milkweed Model

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Design Toolbox | Plan, Section, Axon Portfolio_2013.indb 29

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ANALOG SECTION | OBSERVATORY HILL WASTEWATER REMIX graphite Foundation Studio I, Fall 2010, critic: Nancy Takahashi This section depicts a proposal for converting two unused water treatment storage ponds at the University of Virginia into an amphitheater and constructed wetland. The bald cypress in this hand-drafted section reflects my parallel exploration of planted form and ecology in a plant identification course that semester. I still find that hand drawing provides the most flexible, efficient and elegant means of representing the detailed form of trees and shrubs.

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design toolbox | section, plan, axon

ANALOG ANALYTICAL AXONOMETRIC| BENCH CONSTRUCTION ON THE HIGHLINE graphite Site Assembly, Fall 2010, critic: Zaneta Hong

This analytical axonometric was developed from sketches and notes taken in the field at the Highline in Brooklyn, NY.

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DIGITAL SECTION PERSPECTIVE | OBSERVATORY HILL CREMAINS GARDEN Adobe Photoshop and Rhino3D Foundation Studio I, Fall 2010, critic: Nancy Takahashi This section perspective from my first studio project of graduate school synthesizes newly acquired techniques of digital modeling in Rhino3D with collaging techniques in Adobe Photoshop. The reflecting pool in the section perspective rests on a surface intended to erode over time. I proposed that family of persons used as medical cadavers for the University could place small, compostable memorial items in the reflecting pool.

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design toolbox | section, plan, axon

DIGITAL PLAN | CASSA DI COLMATA RECREATIONAL MASTERPLAN Adobe Photoshop ParadoxCity Studio: Venice, Spring 2012, critic: Jorg Sieweke

This proposal for reclaimed land in the Venetian lagoon imagines an island where human and non-human squatters have equal right to use the land. These agents include fishermen, endangered birds, phytoremediating plants, and tourists from Venice.

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HYBRID PLAN | FACE PLAYGROUND Ink, AutoCAD Earthwork, Spring 2012, critic: Jen Trompetter This project explored translation of topographic data from clay to an AutoCAD contour plan and digital model. A toothpick was used to record topographic elevation of clay above the model base. A contour plan was interpolated from this grid of spot elevations by hand (above right). This ink drawing was used as an underlay in AutoCAD (below).

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design toolbox | section, plan, axon

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Projects| Nathan Burgess

DESIGN PROCESS | ACADEMICAL VILLAGE HISTORICAL TOPOGRAPHY Client: UVA Office of the Architect; Supervisor: Mary Hughes, UVA Landscape Architect Cultural Landscape Report Fellowship, Summer 2012

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RESEARCH AND ORGANIZATION | DATA FOR MULTIPLE CLIENTS This research was conducted in preparation for the University of Virginia’s 2012-2013 Cultural Landscape Report. The Office of the Landscape architect asked me and another Cultural Landscape Report Fellow to construct a series of digital models to show changes to the University of Virginia’s topography over time. We created topographic models for the years 1896, 1909, 1945, and 2012. These models synthesized data from existing historical contour maps, sections, spot elevations, and aerial photographs. In addition to purely documenting the site, the process of designing these models allowed us to fill in some of the historical narrative. For example, we were able to describe the topography within the Rotunda Annex’s rampart walls—filling in a blank in the historical record. We carefully organized our research process and products so that they would be used by multiple clients: the Office of the Architect, Facilities Management, and the Cultural Landscape Report consulting firm. We chose ArcGIS and ArcScene as a platform for developing this model because of the power of its toolset and because it was used by each of our clients.

3D TOPO DATA: ORGANIZATION Reference Basemaps

Resources

Reference Shapefiles

Primary Generated Content

Working Files

Secondary Generated Content

Documentation/analysis sources: summary and limitations

georeferenced maps (raster)

major synthetic and interpretive moves historic spot elevations (shapefile)

Buildings (MultiPatch)

paths, building footprints (shapefile)

Interpoloated & 3D contours (.shp)

contours and elevations (shapefile)

written accounts

ArcMap (.mxd)

Draped paths, extruded walls and stairs (MultiPatch)

notes TIN metadata VRML

historic photographs ArcScene (.sxd) historic maps

cultural landscape survey maps

(c. 1896)

Rhino3D

(c. 1909) archaeological spot elevations

(c. 1945) (c. 2012)

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.3DS

ArcGIS Rhino3D Other

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Projects| Nathan Burgess

RESEARCH AND ORGANIZATION | DIGITIZING HISTORICAL MAPS

McKim, Mead and White 1896 contour map (UVA Facilities Management)

An ArcMap .shp file was created for contour data from georeferenced maps.

1909 Anonymous Contour Map (UVA Special Collections)

1909 map (digitized, collaborative)

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For the 1896 model, spot elevations obtained from pre-construction survey points in architectural elevations and sections were combined with elevations from a partial contour map from that year.

Spot elevations were interpolated in ArcGIS to help recreate the topography of ground that is today occupied by academic buildings and other landscape features.

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1. annex c. 1895 after rotunda fire (UVA Special Collections)

2. northeast annex stairs before rotunda fire (UVA Special Collections)

3. northeast annex stairs before rotunda fire (UVA Special Collections)

Projects| Nathan Burgess

3D MODELING AND HISTORIC PHOTOS | ITERATIVE TESTING AND REFINEMENT

1. ArcScene model

2. ArcScene model

2. ArcScene model

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HISTORIC TOPOGRAPHY | 1896

Discovery: an occupiable earthwork existed within the Rotunda Annex’s rampart walls

1 2 3

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Projects| Nathan Burgess

HISTORIC TOPOGRAPHY | 1909

Discovery: stairs on the southwest side of the Academical illage’s extended southern terrace existed in 1909 and were part of an unfinished pergola wing to the adjacent academic building.

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Projects| Nathan Burgess

DESIGN PROCESS | CVILLE CARNIVORES NURSERY Studio Critic: Julie Bargmann Planted Form and Function, Spring 2012

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SubC Shrub

Buxus sempervirens (Boxwood, naturalized) Crataegus species (Hawthorn)

Physocarpus opulifolius (Nine bark) Viburnum prunifolium (Black-Haw)

Myrica cerifera (southern waxmyrtle) Rhododendron maximum (Great Rhododendron)

Ground Cover

SITE RESEARCH AND CONCEPTUAL DESIGN | ARBY’S PARKING LOT TO CARNIVOROUS NURSERY Buxus sempervirens (Boxwood, naturalized) Crataegus species (Hawthorn) Typha species (Cattail) Carex crinita (Long Hair Sedge)

Dicentra cucullaria (Dutchman’s Breeches) Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus (Joe-pye weed) Mertensia virginica (Virginia Bluebells) Anemone quinquefolia (Wood Anemone)

Phlox stolonifera (Creeping Phlox) Geranium maculatum (Wild Geranium) Gelsemium sempervirens (Carolina Jasmine) Chrysogonum virginianum (Green and Gold)

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HYDRIC RIPARIAN CORRIDOR

MESIC URBAN LAWN

The goal of this project was to design a nursery and display garden on a parcel of land adjacent to Rt. 29 in Charlottesville, VA—the site of an Arby’s restaurant and an abandoned gas station. The idea for a carnivorous plant nursery came as a response to the As site the site of a former gas station and a current fast-food The currentcollages riparian corridor exhibits weedy,deinvasive and existing use by human “carnivores.” The conceptual alternative above were operation, the limited unpaved area exhibits a monoculture some native plantscommon to disturbed and degraded sites, veloped withgrass trash Arby’s. section below (Adobe Illustrator) was produced aswetland a group of lawn with afrom small wooded area.The Non-lawn vegetation including sycamore and mimosa. The ecology bears consists of Japanese honeysuckle, a sub-canopy featuring plants the imprint of human disturbance from nearby sites as well mapping exercise for existing vegetation on the site. such as Autumn Olive, and a canopy of pine trees. as the disconnection produced by the concretized stream channel.

MESIC WOODLAND

The woodland on the site encompasses a west-facing slope with a dense ground and shrub layer and areas of somewhat full canopy. Canopy and the understory here are patchy at best, but well-formed dogwood and tulip poplar specimens stand out. Birds, insects, and roads and residences. Cornus florida Pinus echinata

Platinus occidentalis Albizi julibrissin

Stellaria media Robinia psuedoacacia Liriodendron tulipifera.

Pinus strobus 550

Pinus virginiana

540

Lonicera japonica

530

Acer rubrum Mahonia bealei

Hedera helix

520

Elaeagnus umbellata

510 500 480 460 440 430

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Diagramming sightlines and existing site vegetation (below, ink and colored pencel) helped to structure the initial design proposal for the nursery (right, Adobe Illustrator)

Projects| Nathan Burgess

US-29

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SCHEMATIC DESIGN AND RESEARCH

Sequential sections (ink, graphite) through the initial site plan were used to refine the initial design concept with regard to existing site topography and enclosure/sunlight.

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Native Range:Texas to Maryland found in acidic bogs

Native Range: Alabama to Virginia

Flowers: Spring, large yellow flowers

Duration: Perennial-Annual

Habit: Herb

Growth Habit: Forb/herb Bloom: Pink, Marchand (Adobe InDesign)

Duration: Perennial Bloom: Pink, April-June

Native Range: Native to sandy moist, basic pinelands, bogs, and ditches in the Southeast US. Requires poor, acidic soils

Bloom: White, one of the first to flower the in spring accomodated

After creating a schematic palette a consultingSize: with<1aftlocal expert, I Size: <1â&#x20AC;&#x2122;ft Notes: Genus name refers to the Difficult to grow. S. needs of carnivous plants by designing the canopy to allow stock andNotes: display plants to Rob receive strong sunlight slimy upper surface and leaves. Buy Says no to this one, but I think it can year-round and to prevent leaf litter from entering the display bogs. go in the terrarium garden. in tissue culture and sell cheaply.

Bloom: light lavendar to blue Size: <10cm Notes: See P. primuliflora

Pinguicula pumila

Utricularia vulgaris

Utricularia inflata

Utricularia purpurea

Utricularia radiata

Native Range: Texas to North Carolina, moist, aciic, sandy coastal pinelands and savannas

Native Range: Native to all forty states except Mississippi, region 1-7 wetland Indicator

Native Range: Texas to Nova Scotia, in ponds and ditches, wet, acidic, still water

Native Range: Louisiana to Canada, ponds and muddy streams

exas to Nova Scotia, in ponds and ditches, wet, acidic, still water

Bloom: White, Violet, Mar-Jun

Duration: Perennial

Duration: Perennial

Duration: Annual

Duration: Perennial

Duration: Annual

Notes: Useful for reducing mosquito larvae in pools of standing water. Difficult to grow; useful for display beds.

Bloom: Yellow, May-Nov

Bloom: Purple, Jul-Sep

Bloom: Yellow, May-Nov

Size: 2-6 inches

Note:Poisonous seed and flowers! Consumes Mosquito larvae.

Dwarf butterwort

CARNIVORES

Native Range: Florida to North and South Carolina, moist or aquatic habitats

Projects| Nathan Burgess

Native Range: Alabama to Florida to Southern Virginia (coastal plane)

Notes: Leaf margin rolls inward over insect until it is digested

Common bladderwart

Floating bladderwort

Note: Swimming pray touch trigger hairs, a trapdoor-like tissue flap expands sucking organism into the plant, where it is digested. Consumes mosquito larva.

Purple bladderwort

Note: Threatend in Maryland; Rob S. suggests this plant for stock growth and sales.

Small floating bladderort

49 Portfolio_2013.indb 49

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SCHEMATIC DESIGN AND RESEARCH PARKING

PARKING

Q. rubra P. echinata

A. rubrum

PARKING

P. echinata A. rubrum

MEADOWBROOK RD

EMMET ST / US-29

MEADOWBROOK RD

EMMET ST / US-29

A. julibrissin R. pseudoacacia

+

A. julibrissin A. rubrum

A

A. rubrum

P. occidentalis

A. rubrum Q. montana

P. strobus

A. rubrum

430

A. julibrissin

EMMET ST / US-29

A. julibrissin

F. grandifolia

A. rubrum

A. julibrissin A. julibrissin

MEADOWBROOK RD

L. tulipifera

B

A. rubrum

C A. rubrum 470

D PARKINGP. strobus

PARKING 450

440

P. strobus

460

BAR

RA

canopy plan 0

8

16

32

CK

BAR

RA

SR

D

CVILLE CARNIVORES: CANOPY EDITING PLAN

circulation plan 0

8

16

32

CK

SR

D

CVILLE CARNIVORES: CIRCULATION

PARKING

BAR

RA

summer folliage

Portfolio_2013.indb 50

fall foliage

0

8

16

32

CK

SR

D

CVILLE CARNIVORES: SHRUB

1/2/2013 7:52:49 AM


VILLE CARNIVORES

Nate Burgess

MISSISSIPPI QUEEN

Pinus palustris | longleaf pine

CANOPY

100’ 100’

LOUISIANA EASTERN HILLSIDE SEEPAGE BOG

B L

10’

H Z 0’

Native Range: Native Texas to Southeastern Virginia in deep, coarse, acidic, sandy soils. Key species in the Longleaf Pine Savannah ecosystem type. Duration: Perennial Bloom: Jan, Dec Habit: Erect tree with long needled plume at considerable height. Notes: Tapped for turpentine and resin and logged for construxtion timbers and pulpwood. Prune to maintain shape and fertilize 3 times a year. Noted as part of the Eastern Hill. Seep. Bog.

Nyssa sylvatica | Blackgum 100’

B L

10’

M H

Native Range: Found native throughout the east and midwest. Found on well-drained, finer soils on low ridges or alluvial slopes near streams. Habit: Medium to large tree Notes: Typelo leaf miner and forest tent caterpillar are notable pests.

HIGH-END CARNIVOROUS NURSERY MAIL-ORDER DISTRIBUTION CENTER BOTANICAL RESEARCH LABORATORY LEARNING GARDEN

10’

SWEET TEA PLEASE B L F

10’

H 0’ 100’

Native Range: Native Texas to Southern Deleware in acidic, wet soils: muck, clay, fine sand. Key species in the Longleaf Pine Savannah ecosystem type. Duration: Perennial Bloom/Fruit: Perennial, Mid Spring/Summer Habit: Conical Tree Notes: Wood used for construction purposes. Seeds eaten by turkey, ducks, waterfowl. Domes provide watering opportunities for birds and mammals.

B

Alnus serrulata | smooth alder

L

Native Range: Northern Florida to Southern Maine, growing best in moist bot-

SUBCANOPY

B

0’

B

M H

B

10’

Native Range: Fast-growing tree with multiple leaders. Found in wet soil along stream corridors and pond margins, tolerant of clay, loam, sand, slightly acidic soil Duration: Perennial Bloom: March-April Fall color:Yellow Size: 35-75 ft

Native Range: Common in swamps, marshes, and ditches in the deep south. Hardy zone 7-11. Size: 7-10’ Note: Leaves look like marijuana.

100’

Native Range: Native Texas through the mid-atlantic, found in wet acidic soils in Virginia carnivorous bogs. Habit: erect grass Bloom: Notes:

10’

0’

100’

B

Typha species Cattails

Native range: Lower 48 on acidic, well drained soil, prefers shade and mountain

B

10’

M H

10’

100’

B

SHRUB

B

H

Native range: Acidic wamps/bogs in gulf Coast states (anec-

100’

MOISTURE LIGHT

Native Range: Canada to Pennsylvania in moist soils associated with peat bogs. Cultivar does well in zone 6 and 7. Habit: Densely pyramidal coniferous tree Bloom: Notes: Forms stands with black spruce in the north around bogs that feature Sarracenia Purpurea.

Larix laricina | Tamarack larch Native Range: Canada to West Virginia Habit: Conical deciduous coniferous tree Bloom: Notes: Forms stands with black spruce in the north around bogs that feature Sarracenia Purpurea.

10’

Native range: Acidic wamps/bogs in gulf Coast states (anec-

dotal evidence of species in Virginia) Habit: Pitcher Bloom: Produces two pitcher crops, mid-spring and late summer. Note: White top interveined with red or purple. Find propagated plants versus plants cut form the wild. Popular for horticultural display.

Native range: Tall fern that grows in woods of VA, West Virginia. Duration: Deciduous Notes: I think this was the fern that turned a glorious yellow on my visit to the bogland at Dolly Sods, WV, in fall 2010

10’

10’

B L B

H H

Cyperus haspans | Haspan flatsedge Native: Texas to Virginia, found in acidic bog soils in the south. Habit: Erect, bunching grass form Bloom: Brown, Spring Notes: Needs 230 frost free days and is intolerant of shade. It

BL M

Native Range: Native in the lower 48 states, not tolerant of basic soils, or salt or

too much shade. Habit: Shrub to subcanopy Bloom: June-August Notes: Provides nesting and food for many birds. Many mammals eat the fruit or eat the red twigs.

Nepenthes species | Tropical pitcher plant 100’

can’t survive below 7 degrees farenheight.

0’

10’

H

Pteridium aquilinum | Bracken fern

100’

Native Range: Western bracken fern is native to most of the United States, though it is considered a weed in some areas. In many states, however, the brackenfern is endangered or threatened. Habit: Bloom: Size: Bracken ferns can get up to 7’ tall and function solidly in the shrub

10’

LB 10’

H H

0’

H

Native Range: Louisiana to Canada, acidic ponds and muddy

L 10’

Native fange: Florida to North Carolina; faces significant habitat pressure Habit: Bloom: Note: controversy exists over whether jonesii is a subspecies of S. rubra.

H

10’

H

H

Habit: Bloom: Notes: Can be used as an outdoor plant. Buy in tissue-culture.

0’

Pinguicula lutea | yellow butterwort B

H

Native Range: Eastern Louisiana to North Carolina, moist,

10’

H

100’

aciic, sandy coastal pinelands and savannas Bloom: March-May, temperature dependent

Habit: Notes:

10’

Polytrichum commune | Hair cap moss 100’

100’

10’

30 cm 100’

B

10’

Carex atlantica | Prickly bog sedge 100’

Native Range: Lower 48 states Bloom: green Size/texture: coarse textured graminoid, grows in clumps. Notes: aquatic Utricularia (i.e. U. minor, intermedia, stygia) benefit from

10’

sedge and cattail leaf litte

H

Native Range: Florida to North Carolina Habit: Pitcher Bloom: March, April, May Notes: Plant bacteria for digesting flesh may also provide nitrogen-fixing abilities. Deep rooted and prone to fungii. Difficult to grow in quantity.

Sarracenea purpurea | Purple Pitcher 100’

B

10’

H

10’

B

H

Duration: Notes: See P. primuliflora

B

10’

H

H

Native Range: Alabama to Virginia Duration: Perennial Form: Herb Bloom: April-June Notes: Difficult to grow. Rob S. Says no to this

B

plant crowns to reduce rot. Rob S. suggests planting pitchers in clumps within a field of sphagnum. For bog soils use peat moss with a pH of ~4.

H

Duration: Perennial Habit: Subshrub Bloom: Yellow, May-Nov Note:Poisonous seed and flowers! Consumes Mosquito larvae.

0’

10’

Native Range: Native to sandy moist, basic pinelands, bogs, and ditches

in the Southeast US. Requires poor, acidic soils Bloom: White, one of the first to flower in spring Notes: Genus name refers to the slimy upper surface and leaves. Buy in tissue culture and sell cheaply.

Drosera filliformis | Threadleaf sundew 100’

B

10’

H

Native Range: Florida to Newfoundland, acidic, wet, sandy, coastal

areas

Bloom: Lavendar rose flowers, June - Sept Habit: Perennial Notes: Forms an unusual groundcover. Rob S. suggests sprinkling in with Sarracenia sp. Rob S. says D. filliformis is easy to propagate.

0’

Utricularia inflata | Floating bladderwort

100’

B

10’

H 0’

Native range: Texas to Nova Scotia, in ponds and ditches, wet, acidic, still water

10’

Pinguicula primuliflora | Primrose butterwort B

0’

Sphagnum species | Sphagnum moss

Habit: Bloom: Notes: Takes 2-1/2 years to grow. Use regular well water.

Utricularia radiata | Small floating bladderort 100’

one, but I think it can go in the terrarium garden.

partial shade Notes: attracts butterflies (Boloria eunomia). Don’t pant with bog plants. Use a separate area for stones and cranberries.

Native Range: Southwest Australia. Unable to tolerate low calcium

water.

0’

B

10’

100’

Bloom: Note:

Cephalotus follicularis | Albany pitcher plant 100’

Native Range: Florida to North and South Carolina, moist or aquatic habitats Bloom: light lavendar to blue

Pinguicula breviflora |Dwarf sundew 100’

Native Range: Georgia to New Jersey. Unusual species found at acidic seeps in the Blue Ridge mountains. Habit: Pitcher

0’

Pinguicula caerulea | Blue butterwort 100’

H 0’

stock plants on the slope.

0’

Native Range: VA native, grows in bogs and similar acidic moist soils in sun or

Native range: large wetland moss, decays to form peat moss, found in bogs. Notes: Fine to plant with Sarracenia and other species. Keep pulled away from

shade tolerant

Size/texture: One of four mosses available for gardening uses. Notes: Moderately pollutant tolerant.

sedge and cattail leaf litter

M H

0’

H

Native: Lower 48 states and Canada, drought intolerant and

Notes: aquatic Utricularia (i.e. U. minor, intermedia, stygia) benefit from 10’

Sarracenia minor | Hooded Pitcher

Oxycoccus erythrocarpus | American Cranberry

0’

0’

10’

0’

Native Range:Texas to Maryland found in acidic bogs Duration: Perennial-Annual Form: Forb/herb Bloom: March Notes:

Carex scoparia | Broom sedge

Note:

Native Range: Native to VA, grows in acidic, moist soils, sun-shade. Size/form: Low shrub Foliage: red green in spring to blue green in summer to maroon purple in fall. Notes: Blueberries are awesome. Rob S. suggests planting as a border above

Drosera capillaris | Pink sundew L

0’

0’

Native Range: Native to U.S. 48 and Canada, found from California to Oregon in coastal bogs and along mountain streams and seeps near cold running water Habit: Subshrub Bloom: Bloom: April-August, Perennial Notes: Cold terrarium only.

100’

Vaccinium species | Blueberry 100’

H

Native Range: Indigenous to the coastal plane of North and South Carolina, grow in humid, wet, sunny warm bogs.

10’

growth and sales.

Suitable only for greenhouse conditions. Limited sales potential. Purchase enough for display and high-end customers.

0’

Dionaea muscipula | Venus flytrap

100’

Native Range: Native to central Virginia. Semi-evergreen to evergreen. Grows in moist, acidic soils, sandy to clay loam. Habit: Shrub Bloom: Beautiful, leathery white flowers open in the morning and close at night for several days each year. Apr-July

0’

LB

streams

Duration: Annual Bloom: Purple, Jul-Sep Note: Threatend in Maryland; Rob S. suggests this plant for stock

H M

H M

Sarracenia rubra | Red Pitcher B

Utricularia purpurea | Purple bladderwort B

B

0’

100’

Native Range: Found throughout the east on the edge of forests and distrubed areas. Bloom: light lavendar to blue Bloom: warm season grass Notes: Found in all of Louisiana’s Major Land Resource Areas except for Gulf Coast Marshes. Use plants from within 100-300 miles of the site. Feeds birds and mammals.

B

layer.

10’

H

Andropogon virginicus | Broomsedge bluestem B

Native: Grows in humid jungles of southeast Asia. Habit: Bloom: Notes: Grows on large vines; one of the largest pitcher plant species.

Darlintonia californica | Cobra lilly 100’

Magnolia virginiana | Sweet bay

0’

Native Range: Alabama to Florida to Southern Virginia (coastal plane) Habit: Pitcher Bloom: Spring Note:

0’

L B

B

0’

Sarracenia flava | Yellow Pitcher 100’

100’

Size: Large shrub 6-10 feet high Notes: Sometimes used with willows for stream bank stabilization.

0’

B BF

M H

0’

0’

Native Range: Cornus amomum is adapted from Florida to maine, performing best in moist, poorly drained, moderately acidic soils. M H

Cornus sericea | Red Osier Dogwood 100’

100’

100’

0’

B LB

SUBSHRUB

Z

0’

Sarracenia leucophylla | White-topped Pitcher

GROUND

M

0’

Cornus amomum | Silky dogwood

M H

Dennstaedtia punctilobula | Hayscented fern

dotal evidence of species in Virginia)

Habit: Pitcher Bloom: March-April Note: In native locations, one of the tallest pitcher plants at 3-6’.

0’

0’

M H

10’

0’

10’

10’

LB

10’

0’

BL

10’

Native Range: Found throughout the eastern half of the United States in me-

10’

H M

100’

100’

dium textured soils tending toward acidic soils.

wide range of pHs. The plant is slightly tolerant of salinity.

Bloom: spring Note: Will tolerate hedging

Sarracenia alata | Pale Pitcher

10’

Native Range: New Hampshire to Florida. Found in flood plains and swamps Habit: Peeling bark and a spreading form. Bloom: Note

Size: Heigh at 20 years, 25 feet. Shade tolerant species.

Native range: Native to Virginia, grows in fine to coarse textured soils and a

10’

0’

100’

Betula nigra | Alternate leaf dogwood

Cornus alternifolia | Alternate leaf dogwood

woods.

Size/shape: 6-20 ft tall, coarse, thick texture. Bloom: Pink, purple, Apr-Jun Notes: Propagate with sphagnum moss and germinate under a mist.

Morella cerifera | Waxmyrtle 100’

from sedge and cattail leaf litter

10’

M H

0’

Notes: aquatic Utricularia (i.e. U. minor, intermedia, stygia) benefit

100’

LB 10’

0’

0’

100’

10’

FRUIT COLOR

H

0’

Rhododendron catawbiense | Catawba

H M

0’

100’

DIST. LEAF COLOR

F

0’

10’

M H

100’

100’

M H

100’

BLOOM COLOR

L

Picea mariana c. ‘Doumetii’ | Black spruce

0’

Saccharum giganteum | giant plumegrass

Hibiscus coccineus | Scarlet Rose Mallow

100’

Native Range: Native to central VA. acidic soilsHabit: Form is wider than other pines, with an sort of “explosive” look. Bloom: Notes:

10’

CARNIVORE B

0’

0’

100’

100’

tomlands or stream margins. Acid and shade tolerant.

Habit: “Picturesque,” hicket-forming shrub to small tree Bloom: Note: Nitrogen fixing plant that has potential for streambank stabilization.

10’

Salix NIgra | Swamp willow

10’

Pinus strobus | white pine

Taxodium distichum | bald cypress

120’ 100’

CARPETBAGGERS

VIRGINIA PIEDMONT/COASTAL PLAIN SEEPAGE BOG

0’

100’

HEIGHT 100’

Projects| Nathan Burgess

EARLY DESIGN DEVELOPMENT PLANT PALETTE

Native Range: Texas to Nova Scotia, in ponds and ditches, wet, acidic, still water Duration: Perennial Bloom: Yellow, May-Nov Note: Swimming pray touch trigger hairs, a trapdoor-like tissue flap expands sucking organism into the plant, where it is digested. Consumes mosquito larva.

Lycopodium dendroideum | Tree clubmoss 100’

B

10’

Native Range: Northern half of the United States, including Virginia, grows on moist acidic soils Notes: accompanies sphargum moss in the boglands of Dolly Sods, West Virginia

H 0’

51 Portfolio_2013.indb 51

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DESIGN DEVELOPMENT | REFINED PLANS

BOG MIX B

STP1 STP3

STP2

BOG MIX A

UPLAND MIX A

BOG MIX B

BOG MIX B

BOG MIX B

As the project entered design development, modeling site topography and boardwalk details helped to clarify the relationship between undulating bog topography and a network of viewing platforms and stock display tables. The final design included converting the existing Arbyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s into a terrarium sales area with a connecting greenhouse for tropical carnivorous plants. A secretive carnivorous plant research bunker was embedded into the adjacent hillside and accessible by an elevated walkway over an existing one-lane road.

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In order to facilitate plant counts and specifications, a tonal system was used to designate one of four different bog mixes.

Projects| Nathan Burgess

LATE DESIGN DEVELOPMENT | REFINED PLANS AND SECTIONS, 1”=16’

53 Portfolio_2013.indb 53

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Projects| Nathan Burgess

DESIGN PROCESS | CITY MARKET INFORMATICS Studio Critic: Elizabeth Meyer and Leena Cho Comprehensive Studio, Spring 2012

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SITE RESEARCH | PRECEDENTS AND SITE VISITS

1

This project was developed as part of a studio that asked students to relocate and redesign an existing farmer’s market in Charlottesville, VA, and embed this within a larger urban strategy for an urban district and a green infrastructure plan. My project explored the importance of information exchange in markets. It also explored a market-based stormwater management approach for a local subwatershed. My initial research explored farmer’s market precedents such as Green City Market in Chicago (below), as well as the existing City Market in Charlottesville (stops along a sound-transect through the market, right).

8

2

9

GREEN CITY MARKET | Lincoln Park, Chicago, IL

3

"

"

• • • •

"

The most popular city market in the city of Chicago. Comprised of 50 farmers from five different states (Illinois, Indiana, Iowa, Michigan, and Wisconsin Has grown from approximately 40,000 visitors in 2007 to 200,000 visitors in 2010 Producer-only market (all foods either produced or created by vendors)

"

" " "

"

"

"

"

"

"

10

"

" "

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

"

" " "

"

4

"

" "

" "

"" " " " "

" "

"

"

" "

" "

"

"

"

"

" "

"

"

"

"

"

11

"" " " "

"

"

"

"

"

"

5

" "

"

GREEN CITY MARKET ~50 vendors

CVILLE CITY MARKET "

"

"

6

"

"

"

30% "

20%

"

"

±

"

Other Markets Green City Market

"

7

12

Parks

"

Portfolio_2013.indb 56

"

"

50%

Farmer/Agricultural Vendors Prepared Food Vendors Artisans

"

" "

~100 vendors

20% 80%

"

Other Markets

1/2/2013 7:53:46 AM


Projects| Nathan Burgess

2nd

Stre

et

SITE RESEARCH | URBAN FRAMEWORK PLAN AND STORMWATER HYDROLOGY

Gar

rett

±

Stre

et

CLAIMED BUILDINGS

±

0

160

600 1,200

2,400

3,600

OTHER BUILDINGS

CANOPY

ROADS

0

320

STORMWATER PIPE

640

960

1,280

57 Portfolio_2013.indb 57

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Fee 4,800


CONCEPTUAL AND SITE ALTERNATIVES | 1ST STREET AND GARRETT STREET

An initial design concept for the site at Garrett Street considered the hydrology and urban canopy of the site and proposed a new “hydrologic commons” downstream from the market site.

±

An initial design concept for the site at 2nd Street proposed creating a hydrologic and social network linking local government buildlins with the new City Market.

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±

0

320

640

CANOPY

±

0

160

320

960

1,280

STORMWATER PIPE

640

960

1,280

Projects| Nathan Burgess

ROADS

Urban Framework

160

2nd Street | existing ±

0

600 1,200

2,400

3,600

2nd Street | existing

Feet 4,800

Stream Network

2nd Street | existing ±

0

600 1,200

2,400

3,600

2nd Street | proposed 2nd Street | existing

Feet 4,800

Stream Network

2nd Street | proposed Garrett Street | existing

±

0

600 1,200

2,400

3,600

Garrett Street | existing

Feet 4,800

Garrett Street | proposed

rmwater Pipe Network

±

0

600 1,200

2,400

3,600

Feet 4,800

Garrett Street | proposed

mwater Pipe Network

Garret Street alternative: proposed groundplane strategy section model

2nd Street alternative: proposed groundplane section model

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SCHEMATIC DESIGN | GARRETT STREET OPTION

MARKET COMMONS

POLLOCKS BRANCH COMMONS

urban hydrology strategy

market district strategy

market district strategy

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Projects| Nathan Burgess

SCHEMATIC DESIGN | MODELING AND PLAN REVISION

COMMUNITY CARD EXCHANGE STATION PUBLIC TOILETS, MARKET STORAGE TREE PIT STAGE AND COMMUNITY WORKSHOP AREA 4 UNIT MARKET STALL 3 UNIT MARKET STALL N

BUS STOP

BIKE RACKS

FARMER/AGRICULTURAL (50%)

Portfolio_2013.indb 61

SURFACE RUNOFF DETENTION

FOOD VENDORS (30%)

ARTISANS (20%)

0

50

61 1/2/2013 7:55:22 AM


EARLY DESIGN DEVELOPMENT | URBAN AND MARKET STRATEGY

down

town

new city market Friendship Court redevelopment

ing

urban development strategy

market seasonal diagrams: autumn

Portfolio_2013.indb 62

Pedestrian exchange Subdivision exchange Hydro commons exchange

ild

u Xb

I

mall

market district strategy

market seasonal diagrams: summer

1/2/2013 7:55:32 AM


cis t

er

n

be n

ch

slo

td

ra in

shared utilities

market informatics centers: located by product area

monitoring station

Projects| Nathan Burgess

hydrologic and market informatics: from detail to subwatershed

monitoring station 0’

2’ SHARED SEATING CO-OWNED STORMWATER

shared shelter

market informatics center: located at market entrance AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTS PREPARED FOOD ARTISAN PRODUCTS MARKET INFO HYDROLOGIC AMPHITHEATER

PIPE JUNCTION SURFACE DRAIN

S CK H O C LL AN PO BR

MARKET COMMONS KIOSK

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agricultural products

ACAC

gleason building

0

parking

10

25

NNE

0

10

25

NNE

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT | MARKET ILLUSTRATIVE DRAWINGS

summ

12â&#x20AC;&#x2122;

er

ter

win

the glass building 0

10

25

WSW

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Projects| Nathan Burgess The final market area is subdivided by market product. Each product area features a uniquely color labeling to living and constructed canopy (red, orange, yellow). The groundplane is a vegetated urban plaza range from garss to grasscrete to pervious concrete.

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CONTACT Nathan Burgess 1702 Rugby Ave Charlottesville, VA 22903 nab3vw@virginia.edu 757 715 3104

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Nathan Burgess | Landscape Architecture Portfolio (Draft 1)  

The first draft of a portfolio illustrating my design tools and design process through selected professional and graduate school projects.

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