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Pinus echinata

Pinus echinata

Magnolia virginiana

Pinus strobus

Salix Nigra

Pinus taeda

Pinus strobus

Salix Nigra

Pinus taeda

Taxodium distichum

Pinus taeda

Salix nigra

Pinus palustris

Pinus palustris

Salix nigra

Vaccinium species (SHR)

Salix nigra

Magnolia virginiana

Salix nigra

Salix nigra

Pinus palustris

Pinus palustris

Cyrilla racemiflora (SHR)

Lyonia lucida (SHR)

Morella cerifera (SHR

VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

emmet street PLANT KEY SHR

5’ TYP

SHR

SHR

15

’+

UP

UP

TY

P

SA SL

UP SL

ST2

SR SF ST2

ST2 SA

SA SL

ST2

SR

SR

SL

SF

SA

SF

SR

ST1

SL

ST2

SF

SA

SPH3 SA SL

SL

SA

ST2

SA

SR

MQ 2

SHR SPH0 MQ1

ST1

ST1

SR

SL

SA

SF

SPH2 SF

SR

SF

SPH1

ST2

SPH2 SPH3

ST2

ST1

SR

Marshallia sp. Pogonia ophioglossoides Sphagnum section Acutifolia Shagnum section Acutifolia Pinguicula lutea

floating bladderwort pink sundew haspan flatsedge bog buttons

sphagnum moss sphagnum moss

Sphagnum section Sphagnum Sphagnum section Subsecunda

green sphagnum moss yellow sphagnum moss

Sphagnum section Acutifolia

red sphagnum moss

PARTIAL PLAN DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (95%)

SHR

UP

Drosera capilaris Cyperus haspans

Venus flytrap tree clubmoss

yellow butterwort Drosera capilaris pink sundew Utricularia purpurea purple bladderwort Polytrichum comhaircapmoss mune

SPH1

ST1

broomsedge bluestem Scarlet rose mallow Saccharum gigan- giant plumeteum grass Sarracenia alata pale pitcher Sarracenia leucowhite-topped phylla pitcher Sarracenia rubra red pitcher Sarracenia flava yellow pitcher Carex atlantica prickly bog sedge Pinguicula primuli- primrose butterfora wort Platanthera blepha- white fringed riglottis var. conorchid spicua Marshallia sp. bog buttons Dichanthelium Cypress panic dichotomum var. grass dichotomum Sphagnum section sphagnum moss Acutifolia Sphagnum section sphagnum moss Acutifolia Dinaea muscipula Lycopodium dendroideum Utricularia inflata

SR

waxmyrtle fetterbush titi blueberry dusty zenobia

Pinguicula caerulea blue butterwort

SF

SR

ST1

SF

SF

SA

SL

SR

greenhouse

Morella cerifera Lyonia lucida Cyrilla racemiflora Vaccinium species Zenobia pulverulenta Andropogon virginicus Hibiscus coccineus

SHR

N Magnolia virginiana

Betua Nigra

Pinus strobus

Betua Nigra

Magnolia virginiana

Salix nigra

Pinus taeda

Salix nigra

mail-order work center

1’

8’

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS

16’


Vaccinium species (SHR)

Salix nigra

Magnolia virginiana

Salix nigra

Salix nigra

Pinus palustris

VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

HEDGED SHRUB MIX

HIGH BOG MIX LOW BOG MIX

(S)

(M)

(M)

PITCHER SPHAGNUM

(S)

(L) MISSISSIPPI QUEEN

(M) SPHAGNUM

(L) SWEET TEA PLEASE (S)

PARTIAL PLAN

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (25%)

N 1’

8’

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS

16’


VILLE

CARNIVORES

80

CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

64

48

32

16

0

SHRUB | SUBCANOPY | CANOPY

PARTIAL SECTION GROUNDCOVER

DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (95%)

N

1’

8’

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS

16’


VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

Emmet US-29

greenhouse

SWEET TEA PLEASE

Ba

rra

cks

MISSISSIPPI QUEEN

central retail area

Cville Carnivores is a nursery, display garden, and research center for carnivorous plants. The site is organized by region. “Sweet Tea Please” plants evoke the North Carolina and Virginia piedmont/ coastal plain seepage bogs. “Mississippi Queen” plants evoke the Louisiana eastern hillside seepage bog. “Carpetbaggers,” located in the greenhouse and a small upland display bog, consist of exotic and northern carnivorous species.

Meadowbrook

CARPETBAGGERS

SCHEMATIC PLAN DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (95%)

carnivorous plant research bunker

N 1’

8’ 16’

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS

16’ 32’


CANOPY/SUBCANOPY

GROUNDCOVER

VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

SHRUB

ROTATING STOCK

N 1’

16’

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS

32’


WINTER

SPRING

VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

SUMMER

FALL

N 1’

8’

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS

16’


LABEL

MIX PROPORTION GENUS/SPECIES

NAME

ROOT

SELECTION

Pinus strobus

white pine

4” caliper

Pinus taeda

loblolly pine

4” caliper

30’

Taxodium distichum

bald cypress

Pinus palustris

longleaf pine

Salix nigra

swamp willow

Magnolia virginiana

sweet bay

Betula nigra

riverbirch

0.05

Morella cerifera

waxmyrtle

balled and burlapped balled and burlapped balled and burlapped balled and burlapped balled and burlapped balled and burlapped balled and burlapped bare root

SPACING 15-17’

0.15

Lyonia lucida

fetterbush

0.4

Cyrilla racemiflora

0.25 0.15 0.75 0.2 0.25

CANOPY

PLANT AREA 0

SPACING PLANT NOTES MULTIPLIER NUMBER Limb up during growth to establish a high crown 3

0

4

8” caliper

Limb up during growth to establish a high crown

1

4” caliper

30’

0

4

4” caliper

15-17’

0

8

4” caliper

5’

0

3

4” caliper

5’

0

2

1” caliper

5’

0

15

bare root

1” caliper

5’

0

45

titi

bare root

1” caliper

5’

0

120

Vaccinium species

blueberry

bare root

1” caliper

5’

0

75

Zenobia pulverulenta Andropogon virginicus Hibiscus coccineus Saccharum giganteum Sarracenia alata Sarracenia leucophylla

dusty zenobia broomsedge bluestem Scarlet rose mallow giant plumegrass pale pitcher white-topped pitcher

bare root plug half gallon plug gallon gallon

1” caliper 2” plug 2” plug 5” height min. 5” height min

5’ 18” 5’ 8 12” 12”

0 2812 750 940 280 340

0.4 0.025 2.25 1 1

45 1125 19 2109 280 340

Sarracenia rubra Sarracenia flava

red pitcher yellow pitcher

gallon gallon

5” heigh min.t 5” height min.

12” 12”

440 470

1 1

440 470

0.1 0.1 0.2 0.3 0.1

Carex atlantica Pinguicula primulifora Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua Marshallia sp. Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum

prickly bog sedge primrose butterwort white fringed orchid bog buttons Cypress panic grass

plug quart half gallon half gallon plug

1-2’

36”

2140

214

0.11

24

1’ 2’ 2’

12” 12”

2820 2140

846 214

1 1

846 214

0.2

Sphagnum section Acutifolia

sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

pregrow 1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

1 to 10 sf

2140

428

0.1

43

0.1

Sphagnum section Acutifolia

sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

pregrow 1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

1 to 10 sf

3011

300

0.1

30

0.1 0.1 0.1

Pinguicula caerulea Dinaea muscipula Lycopodium dendroideum

blue butterwort Venus flytrap tree clubmoss

leaf cuttings

300 300 300

0.11 0.11 0.1

33 300 30

Utricularia inflata Drosera capilaris Cyperus haspans Marshallia sp. Pogonia ophioglossoides

floating bladderwort pink sundew haspan flatsedge bog buttons

36” 12” 1 to 10 sf 10” 10” 36” 12”

3011 3011 3011

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.4 0.2

half gallon quart mats from cuttings quart half gallon plug half gallon half gallon

3011 3011 2820 2820

300 300 282 1128

1.45 1.45 0.11 1

437 437 31 1130

Buy in tissue culture

0.2

Sphagnum section Acutifolia

sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

pregrow 1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

1 to 10 sf

2820

564

0.1

56

0.1

Shagnum section Acutifolia

sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

1 to 10 sf

858

86

0.1

9

0.1 0.1 0.1 0.1

Pinguicula lutea Drosera capilaris Utricularia purpurea Polytrichum commune

yellow butterwort pink sundew purple bladderwort haircapmoss

half gallon half gallon quart quart

leaf cuttings

858 858 858 858

86 86 86 86

0.11 0.11 0.11 0.1

86 86 86 86

SPH1

0.1

Sphagnum section Sphagnum

green sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

12” 12” 12” 1 to 10 sf 1 to 10 sf

Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss. Fine to plant with other species. Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss.

760

76

0.1

7.6

SPH2

0.1

Sphagnum section Subsecunda

yellow sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

1 to 10 sf

575

58

0.1

5.75

SPH3

0.1

Sphagnum section Acutifolia

red sphagnum moss

mats from cuttings

1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss

1 to 10 sf

750

75

0.1

7.5

SUBCANOPY

SHRUB

MIX AREA

SHR

GROUNDCOVER UP SA SL SR SF ST2

ST1

MQ 2

MQ1

1 sf mats from above ground cuttings on dead moss leaf cuttings

leaf cuttings

3750 3750 3750

Prune to maintain shape and fertilize 3 times a year

VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

For all shrub plantings, on-site consultation with the landscape architect is required. Plant in order from upland/bog edge: Vaccinium, Zenobia, Cyrilla, Lyonia. For all shrub plantings, on-site consultation with the landscape architect is required. Plant in order from upland/bog edge: Vaccinium, Zenobia, Cyrilla, Lyonia. For all shrub plantings, on-site consultation with the landscape architect is required. Plant in order from upland/bog edge: Vaccinium, Zenobia, Cyrilla, Lyonia. For all shrub plantings, on-site consultation with the landscape architect is required. Plant in order from upland/bog edge: Vaccinium, Zenobia, Cyrilla, Lyonia. select full firm plug that leaves no soil loose

Select proppagated plants versus plants cut from the wild. Controversy exists over whether endangered jonesii is a subspecies--be careful with selection! Aquatic Utricularia benefit from sedge litter. Stockpile litter during planting Buy in tissue culture Buy in tissue culture

Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss. Fine to plant with other species. Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss. Buy in tissue culture

Buy in tissue culture

Buy in tissue culture Buy in tissue culture Pregrow from cuttings into 1 sf mats. Seed 1 to 10’ typical Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss. Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss. Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot. Pregrow 1 mats from cuttings. Divide and sprinkle mats evenly across 10 sf area of dry moss.

PARTIAL PLAN PLANT LIST DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (95%)

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS


CANOPY

SUBCANOPY SHRUB

GROUNDCOVER

EXISTING Type

Canopy

Subcanopy

Shrub Groundcover

GENUS/SPECIES Pinus strobus Pinus taeda Taxodium distichum

NAME white pine loblolly pine bald cypress

CARNIVOROUS N N N

HEIGHT (20 YEAR) 65’ (40’) 100’+ (60’) 100+’

FALL INTEREST green green burgundy

WINTER INTEREST green green

Pinus palustris

longleaf pine

N

100’+ (40’)

green

green

green

Salix nigra Magnolia virginiana Betula nigra Morella cerifera Lyonia lucida Cyrilla racemiflora Vaccinium species Zenobia pulverulenta

swamp willow sweet bay riverbirch waxmyrtle fetterbush titi blueberry dusty zenobia

N N N N N N N N

35-75’ 30’ 35’ 4’ 3-9’ 7-15’ 1-4’ 3-6’

green dark green NA dark green green green green green

green dark green green dark green red green green white flower

Andropogon virginicus Hibiscus coccineus Saccharum giganteum Sarracenia alata Sarracenia leucophylla Sarracenia rubra Sarracenia flava Carex atlantica Pinguicula primulifora Platanthera blephariglottis var. conspicua Marshallia sp. Dichanthelium dichotomum var. dichotomum Pinguicula caerulea Dinaea muscipula Lycopodium dendroideum Utricularia inflata Drosera capilaris Cyperus haspans Pogonia ophioglossoides Sphagnum section Acutifolia Shagnum section Acutifolia Pinguicula lutea Drosera capilaris Utricularia purpurea Polytrichum commune Sphagnum section Sphagnum

broomsedge bluestem Scarlet rose mallow giant plumegrass pale pitcher white-topped pitcher red pitcher yellow pitcher prickly bog sedge primrose butterwort white fringed orchid bog buttons Cypress panic grass blue butterwort Venus flytrap tree clubmoss floating bladderwort pink sundew haspan flatsedge snakemouth orchid sphagnum moss sphagnum moss yellow butterwort pink sundew purple bladderwort haircapmoss green sphagnum moss

N N N Y Y Y Y N Y N

3-7’ 7-10’ 3-6’ (10 in bloom) 5-6’ 3’ 3’ 3’ 2’

green dark green yellow dark green yellowish green yellowish green red yellow orange to green yellow/green red flower yellow green white green

yellow/green green yellow green green green

select full firm plug that leaves no soil loose tall, fine texture grouncover/shrub tall, erect grass one of the tallest pitcher plants find proppagated plants versus plants cut from the wild controversy exists over whether endangered jonesii is a subspecies

green

green

yellow/green green yellow yellow white flower red yellow green white pink (early summer) green blue variegated

common bog plant

Sphagnum section Subsecunda

yellow sphagnum moss N

Sphagnum section Acutifolia

red sphagnum moss

Botanical Name Genus Liriodendron Pinus Pinus Pinus Platanus Robinia Acer Acer Albizia Cornus Fagus Eleagnus Euonymus Mahonia Hedera Lonicera Stellaria Toxicadendron Vinca

Common Name

species tulipifera echinata strobus virginiana occidentalis pseudoacacia platanoides rubrum julibrissin florida grandifolia umbellata fortunei bealei helix japonica media radicans minor

Tulip Poplar Shortleaf Pine White Pine virginia Pine American Sycamore Black Locust Norway Maple Red Maple Mimosa Flowering Dogwood American Beech Autumn Olive Winter Creeper Leatherleaf Mahonia English Ivy Japanese Honeysuckle Common Chickweed Poison Ivy Periwinkle

N Y Y N Y Y N n N N Y Y Y Y N

N

3’ 2’ 2’ 1’ <1’ <1’ 1’ <1’ 1’ 1’ <1’ 2” <1’ <1’ 1’ <1’ 2”

pink green blue variegated

green variegated

SPRING INTEREST green green

yellow

NOTES Form is wider than other pines, with an “explosive” look. Found onsite--possibly transplant existing trees? Plant as a sculptural piece in the edge of the bog. Seeds eaten by turkey, ducks, waterfowl. domes provide watering opportunities for birds and mammals. Tapped for turpentine and resin and logged for construction timers and pulpwood. Fast growing tree with multiple leaders

VILLE

CARNIVORES CARNIVOROUS NURSERY DISPLAY GARDEN RESEARCH CENTER

Peeling bark and spreading form Will tolerate hedging found in pocosin bogs of VA and NC found in pocosin bogs of VA and NC found in pocosin bogs of VA and NC open shrub found in pocosin bogs of VA and NC

aquatic Utricularia benefit from sedge and cattail leaf litter buy in tissue culture and sell cheaply

buy in tissue culture and sell cheaply can be used outodoors. buy in tissue culture

purple

green

green

green

green

green

pregrow from cuttings into 1 sf mats. Seed 1 to 10’ typical

2”

yellow/orange

yellow/orange

yellow/orange

2”

red

red

red

Fine to plant with other species. Keep pulled away form plant crowns to reduce rot.

PARTIAL PLAN PLANT PALETTE DESIGN DEVELOPMENT (25-95%)

04/27/2012 LAR 5380 PLANTED FORM AND FUNCTION NATE BURGESS


Burgess_CVILLECARNIVORES_final_04272012_plot