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SYNTHESIS HYBRID URBAN SPACE + ARCHITECTURE

NATHAN DEA | PROF. JOSEPH F. KENNEDY | UNDERGRADUATE THESIS

Public space in the urban environment has so often become leftover space created after we in-fill the blocks of the urban grid, an afterthought at times. Public spaces are often underutilized spaces, havens for the nomads, and empty spaces that are there for the sake of appearances. How can we change how we utilize public space to make it more multi-use? Crucial to the experience within the urban environment is the relationship of buildings to the street. Addressing the edge condition of buildings and street and changing the way that public space relates to architecture will start to blur these boundaries between architecture, public space, and the grid. The relationship of public space to the built environment is equally important. So often there is such a defining line between buildings and open space, but how can we start to engage buildings during all hours and not just during the day?

WALKWAY BRIDGE

Before the demolition, the walkway bridge served as a gateway from between the main massing of the mall and the now demolished Sam Goody building. Now that the Sam Goody building is gone, the walkway leads to no where and so it makes sense to recess it back into the mall.

The solution to the issue of a lack of public space is not the creation of void space, but a space that fosters activity and activation with a balance of built and open space. But more than just co-existing, these spaces need to mesh in a way that blurs the conventional boundaries of open space and architecture. Activation of space often gravitates to one or the other, the building or the space around it. The incorporation of the factor of time into the planning aspect of space helps to resolve several issues vibrancy for neighborhoods, adjacent activation, intangible discouragement of nomad populations inhabiting space, and sustainability of place.

GRAND STAIRCASE

The grand staircase to enter the mall was formerly hidden underneath the bridge/entry structure. With the recessing of the walkway, a new staircase is needed to create a new entryway and connection to the new Horton Plaza Park development.

What makes place dynamic and sustainable is the ability to change and adapt over time with uses and new ways of functioning. How can the scale of this adaptability start to inform the level of interaction of the user and the engagement of the space from the human-scale manipulation of the space to manipulation of a configurable building edge or expansion/contraction of space? Adaptive space can also speak to how a space changes to adapt to the ever changing social dynamic within cities, to the possibility of change. If a public space is part of a building and owned by the people that manage the building, it is more likely to be maintained and changed as it could be an auxiliary source of revenue. The intangible aspect of control of space by a system of rules of conduct helps to maintain a certain environment within a given space.

The current conditions of Horton Plaza Park and the demolished Sam Goody building.

RESEARCH : PRINCIPLES TO IMPROVE PUBLIC SPACE

NBC TOWER

BUILDING TO SUPPORT PLACE BUILDING AS WORKPLACE A building is a place for work, either an office place or a place that provides services with employs member of the community.

RESIDENTIAL

DESTINATION

MIXED RETAIL/RESIDENTIAL

EXISTING CONDITIONS BEFORE DEMOLITION OF THE SAM GOODY BUILDING

PROPOSED HORTON PARK EXPANSION

A new hardscape plaza will extend south from the historic park to the Balboa Theater at E Street and result in a 57,000-square-foot park. Highlights will include an amphitheater, three open-air pavilions and restrooms, an interactive fountain embedded in the new plaza and tall, slim light fixtures called luminarios.

E STREET

WORKPLACE SERVICE CENTER

HORTON PLAZA

MIXED RETAIL/RESIDENTIAL

COMMUNITY

THE POWER OF 10

TRIANGULATION

This concept proposes that from neighborhoods to cities groupings of “10 good places” or a variety of activities would help the neighborhood achieve critical mass for both residents and tourists. For example, a park can be a good place, but a park with a cafe and a bike trail is a better place.

The concept of the power of three, that three things within close proximity of one another will feed off each other to foster activity and create a more active space.

NEIGHBORHOOD

SITE

INTERACTION WITH SURROUNDINGS

BUILDING AS DESTINATION A building can be a destination for many reasons: architectural identity, icon for sustainability, unique design considerations, multi-use destination for a multitude of services.

PARK FOUNTAIN FOOD VENDOR LIBRARY BUS STOP BIKE TRAIL CAFE ICE CREAM STAND MUSEUM RESTAURANT

BROADWAY CIRCLE

DEMOGRAPHIC DEPENDENT Creating breathing room for high density environments as opposed to a place of fear and danger. A great square can be a focal point of civic pride and can help make citizens feel connected to cultural and political institutions. Parks or squares can be too limiting/not be enough to create a successful place. The best spaces are multi-use destinations: amenity space, performance space, place for youth, markets for produce. Communities determine the right mix of uses for a space.

BUILDING AS INSTITUTION Vital to a community are the community institutions such as schools, government services, markets, libraries, places for culture

MIXED RETAIL/RESIDENTIAL

BROADWAY

CREATE SQUARES AND PARKS AS MULTI-USE DESTINATIONS

BUILDING AS RESIDENCE A building is a place for the community to reside, to be either parts of a community or as a place for creating community within the building.

US GRANT HOTEL

4TH AVENUE

RETAIL

3RD AVENUE

The edge condition between buildings and public spaces, and public space and the street are important conditions to consider, much in the same way that we look at how people and space collide and interact. Buildings defining space around them, but can privately owned public space start to define architecture? Where can we start blurring the lines between where buildings end and open space begins? Through an architectural solution we start to compose a space that addresses this gray area.

EXISTING CONDITIONS

TRANSIT STOP

MARKET PARK

CAFE

BUS STOP PUBLIC SQUARE

IMPROVE STREETS AS PUBLIC SPACES

CITY

PLANNING FOR PEOPLE AND PLACES Creating a hierarchy of different street types from quiet neighborhoods lanes to major boulevards. Achieving a proper balance of public transit and other means of transportation.

VIEW FROM HORTON PLAZA CONNECTION

The bridge connects to the entrance of Horton Plaza, intersecting its geometry to directly connect with the main corridor of Horton Plaza.

VIEW FROM BROADWAY LOOKING INTO THE PARK AND ATRIUM SPACE

The topography of the park is designed to foster interaction along a hill space to provide a gentle rise to the doors of the atrium as well as a place to enjoy the sunlight. The northern doors of the atrium slide open to make the space open to the exterior and extend the park space indoors.


CIVIC CENTER / COPLEY SYMPHONY HALL US GRANT HOTEL

BROADWAY PIER / SEAPORT VILLAGE

BROADWAY RESTAURANTS/BARS PARK / GREEN SPACE

1.

2.

3.

SITE USES INFOGRAPHIC COFFEE SHOP

RESTAURANT/CAFE

PLACE TO INTERACT

PLACE TO WORK

VIEWS/ATTRACTIONS

FLEX-SPACE

FARMER’S MARKET SEASONAL ICE SKATING

1ST AVENUE

FILM/THEATER

SECTION: AA | Through Public Atrium and Bridge

1. ATRIUM 2. WORK BRIDGE 3. RESTAURANT DECK

WI-FI / CONNECTIVITY

PLACE TO PLAY

B

THEATER ARTS CONNECTION

SEC TIO N: B

MUSIC

SOCIAL INTERACTION : COUPLES

RETAIL CONNECTION SOCIAL INTERACTION : FAMILIES

SECT

ION:

LYCEUM THEATER BALBOA THEATER

Distribution of project goals to create place and space and connection to the surrounding site. Sun exposure and ideal views of the Broadway corridor and the US Grant Hotel chose the placement of the park space. Creating an outdoor place to work predicated a connection to the NBC Building. Creating a larger plaza space for the Balboa Theater and a play space

HORTON PLAZA

5.

GASLAMP QUARTER

CONNECTIVITY INFOGRAPHIC

This site serves as a focal point for various activities, the potential for a world-class gathering space that can revitalize public space in downtown San Diego. Creating connections to the various focal elements in the surrounding area by adding program to compliment these features and connect the various communities that utilize the area will enhance the use of the site. Horton Plaza was once the catalyst to a revitalization of downtown, the introduction of a Privately Owned Public Space has the potential to set the precedent for what public spaces can become in San Diego.

6. 2.

PARK / GREEN SPACE

T GH NI

MORNIN G

TE LA AFTER HOURS DINING NON-BAR INTERACTION NON-BAR INTERACTION

BUSINESS LUNCH CROWD LUNCH TIME DINING

PROGRAM GOALS

TOURISTS RETAIL SHOPPING CROWD ART WALK

AF G

DINNER CROWD

ENIN

ALL-AGES ACTIVITIES LIVE MUSIC

EAR

LY EV

THEATER / FILM

PROGRAM

CH

NIGHT MALL-GOERS

PUBLIC ATRIUM

OUT-OF-OFFICE MEETINGS

N LU

TE

RN

O

O

AFTER WORK CROWD EARLY DINNER DINERS HAPPY HOUR TWILIGHT GATHERING SPACE

N

Using architecture + public space to create a more vibrant experience Creating a working environment to foster interaction and creativity in an outdoor setting. A place to play. Activation of space + place. Digital placemaking. Round-the-clock activation of place + surrounding neighborhood.

ROOFTOP DINING

PERMANENT -

Public Atrium Restaurant Park Space Outdoor Work Space Play Space Amphitheater Rooftop Deck / Bar

PARK SPACE/ FOOD TRUCK SEATING AREA

WORK BRIDGE ADAPTIVE SPACE FARMER’S MARKET SEASONAL ICE SKATING RINK

BALBOA THEATER PLAZA

TEMPORARY

- Farmer’s Market - Food Truck Plaza - Fountains

INTANGIBLE

- Gathering Space - Sense of Community - Frequent Activation - No Place For The Nomadic Population

TIME | USERS | PROGRAM

The usage of a space can be broken down by times of activation, users during these different times, and program of space to attract different users during typically unused times. Given the location of site within the urban environment in addition to the proximity to both the business district and the tourist-driven Gaslamp District and the retail-driven Horton Plaza, a vast swath of the population can be reached by creating additional program of public space. Increasing the times of activation will also discourage the nomadic population of San Diego from making this another remnant space for their habitation.

3. 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6.

SECTION: BB| Through Amphitheater, Main Structure, and Park Space

FARMERS MARKET MORNING COFFEE BREAKFAST DINING

1.

4.

AERIAL VIEW FROM BROADWAY Bubble diagram of proposed general program

Hightlighting the large park space, bridge interaction with the street

ATRIUM RESTAURANT KITCHEN COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE WORKSPACE ROOFTOP DECK PARK SPACE

AA


4TH AVENUE

2.

3RD AVENUE

1.

2ND AVENUE

1ST AVENUE

4. DOWN

3.

ROOF PLAN 1. 2. 3. 4.

ROOFTOP BAR ROOFTOP DECK BALCONY STAIR/ELEVATOR TOWER

BROADWAY

9.

DOWN TO PARK

5.

DOWN

6.

DOWN TO RESTAURANT

8.

UP

7.

RAMP DOWN TO NBC PLAZA

SECOND FLOOR PLAN

5. ATRIUM 6. COFFEE BAR 7. COMMUNITY COLLABORATIVE WORKSPACE 8. WORK BRIDGE 9. RESTAURANT BRIDGE DECK 10. PARK

BROADWAY CIRCLE UP TO BRIDGE FROM HORTON PLAZA

12.

UP TO ATRIUM

UP

UP TO BRIDGE

VERTICAL CIRCULATION TOWER

11. 13.

FIRST FLOOR PLAN 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16.

14.

RESTAURANT KITCHEN RESTAURANT PATIO ADAPTABLE SPACE REFLECTING POOL IRVING GILL FOUNTAIN

15.

16.

SITE PLAN

E STREET


BRIDGE SKIN

Designed to provide an enclosed but open air environment, the triangulation allows for a solid/void relationship with panels of metal mesh to partially enclose space while the open form work above provides for light and natural ventilation.

WORK BRIDGE

AERIAL VIEW FROM 4TH AVENUE

Hightlighting the new Balboa Theater with the relocated Irving Gill fountain, the food truck plaza/drop off zone, reflecting pool and upper balcony for the roof deck.

MOVEABLE SEATING

Along the length of the span, undulations and folds in the framework create opportunities for niches for seating. Moveable chairs add versatility to the space, allowing for one-on-one and group interactions.

SEATING WORK BRIDGE

The bridge serves as an outdoor extension of the Community Collaborative Workspace, designed to be a meeting space for those who work in the area to meet outside of the office in an outdoor but partially enclosed environment. While connecting NBC Plaza and Horton Plaza to the site with a physical connection, it also serves as a focal point for connectivity, a unique architecture that draws people in.

PUBLIC ATRIUM

The main public space of the building - an enclosed but permeable space that opens on 3 sides to the outside to allow for the flow of people into/out of/through the space while inviting them to stay at the same time.

AERIAL VIEW FROM 3RD AVENUE

Hightlighting the bridge crossing over Broadway Circle


ADAPTIVE SPACE

METAL MESH MATERIAL The screen is a metal mesh material that provides transparency and but also a surface that can be projected onto.

PROJECTION SCREEN WALL To emphasize the connection to the arts community, as well as a way for the building pavilion to further interact with it’s surroundings, the screen wall surrounding the crown of the building serves as an outlet to be an art element through the use of projected images or abstract expressions representing San Diego.

ROOFTOP DECK ENCLOSURE BUILDING + MEDIA SCREEN

To emphasize the connection to the arts community, as well as a way for the building pavilion to further interact with it’s surroundings, the screen wall surrounding the crown of the building serves as an outlet to be an art element through the use of projected images or abstract expressions representing San Diego.

AMPHITHEATER CONFIGURATION

In this configuration, a tiered seating condition is created to provide a space for live music or theater performances that require an amphitheater-style seating. A screen is also created by the lowering of the platforms for outdoor public film screenings.

STAIR CONFIGURATION

This will be the most typically used configuration of the adaptive space to create another area for seating and prevent the amphitheater configuration from becoming a haven for the nomad population and keep the street eyes on the surface. This configuration can also be used for additional seating for diners during the use of the site by food trucks in the drop off area in addition to the concrete seating blocks.

PROJECTED ARTWORK

At night, the building screen transforms into a display for artwork, representative of San Diego and the arts and culture scene.

FLAT CONFIGURATION

The flat configuration further increases the versatility of the space to expand its uses for farmers markets, art shows, and potential leasable additional event space.

VIEW ON BRIDGE

An extension of the community collaborative workspace, the bridge features tables with moveable seating to increase versatility of the seating configuration. Each table features power outlets and wifi connections throughout the bridge.The space between the building and the bridge also serves as another dining space for the restaurant.

ROOFTOP PUBLIC SPACE

Like the atrium on the main floor, the rooftop is another type of public realm for people to socialize and experience the community life.

Bachelor's of Architecture Final Thesis  

Final thesis project as a candidate for Bachelor's of Architecture at the NewSchool of Architecture + Design

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