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WWII GENERALS OF ALLIED AND AXIS POWERS

NATHANIAL HOFF


Chapter 1

ALLIED POWERS WWII was a pivotal moment in this world’s history. It’s where good vs evil battle, and good triumphs over evil. There were two powers, Allied and Axis. The Allies were the good guys and Axis were the bad guys. In chapter one I will discuss two of the generals on the Allied side, General Patton and General MacArthur, who are both Americans. There are many more great Allied generals and admirals who won’t be covered. But if you want to know about the others, you can find it on the internet or in a book.

Retrieved from: http://derpypyro.deviantart.com/art/HD-WW2Photo-3-316829905


SECTION 1

General George S. Patton -

Born in San Gabriel California November 11, 1885

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Graduated from WestPoint in June 11, 1909

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In 1910 married Beatrice Ayer

- In 1917 during WW1 Patton was the first officer assigned to the new U.S. tank corps Retrieved from:

http://www.commandposts.com/2011/12/ patton-the-warrior-the-myth-and-the-legacy/01-axelrod-fm/ American WWII medals American Defense Service Ribbon Bronze Star Distinguished Service Cross with One Bronze Oak Leaf Cluster Distinguished Service Medal with Two Bronze Oak Leaf Clusters Distinguished Service Medal (U.S. Navy) European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Ribbon with One Silver Star and Two Bronze Stars

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WWII is where he hit his high point as an officer

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Led the 7th army to victory at the invasion of Sicily

- On D-Day in 1944 President Eisenhower gave Patton command of 3rd U.S. army - With his leadership the 3rd army swept across France capturing town after town -

Nicknamed “old blood and guts� due to his ruthless drive

- In 1945 Patton and his army crossed the Rhine and charged into the heart of Germany capturing 10000 miles of enemy territory - Died December 21, 1945 because he broke his neck in a car crash 2


Review 1.1 Lorem Ipsum dolor amet, consectetur What was the nickname given to General Patton?

A. The Assassin B. Ghost C. Tank D. Old blood and guts

Check Answer

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SECTION 2

General Douglas MacArthur -

Born in Little Rock, Arkansas on January 26,1880

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Graduated WestPoint in 1903

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At the start of WW1 was promoted to Major

- When America declared war on Germany, MacArthur was promoted to colonel and was given command of the 42nd division

Retrieved from: http://www.frontpagemag.com/2011/ alan-w-dowd/what-macarthurs-farewell-teaches-us-today/ WWII MEDALS • Medal of Honor • Multiple Silver Stars

- In 1930 was promoted to general and was elected to army chief of staff - In 1941 was recalled back to active duty and became commander of U.S. forces in the pacific - Launched a number of successful offensive operations against the Japanese military -

Truman placed him in charge of the formal surrender of Tokyo

• Distinguished Service Cross

- Was placed in charge in overseeing the occupations forces and rebuild japan he would stay there for six years

• Army Distinguished Service Medal

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• Navy Distinguished Service Medal

- Was buried at the Douglas MacArthur Memorial in Norfolk, Virginia

• Distinguished Flying Cross

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Died in Washington D.C. on April 5, 1964 at the age of 84


In 1941, with expansionist Japan posing an increasing threat, Douglas MacArthur was recalled to active duty and named commander of U.S. Army forces in the Far East. On December 8, 1941, his air force was destroyed in a surprise attack by the Japanese, who soon invaded the Philippines. MacArthur’s forces retreated to the Bataan peninsula, where they struggled to survive. In March 1942, on orders from President Franklin Roosevelt (1882-1945), MacArthur, his family and members of his staff fled Corregidor Island in PT boats and escaped to Australia. Shortly afterward, MacArthur promised, “I shall return.” U.S.-Philippine forces fell to Japan in May 1942. In April 1942, MacArthur was appointed supreme commander of Allied forces in the Southwest Pacific and awarded the Medal of Honor for his defense of the Philippines. He spent the next two and a half years commanding an island-hopping campaign in the Pacific before famously returning to liberate the Philippines in October 1944. Wading ashore at Leyte, he announced, “I have returned. By the grace of Almighty God, our forces stand again on Philippine soil.” In December 1944, he was promoted to the rank of general of the Army and soon given command of all Army forces in the Pacific. Retrieved from: http://www.oldies.com/product-view/ 5


Chapter 2

AXIS POWERS The generals of the Axis powers proved to be a very difficult group to beat due to their knowledge and aggressive tactics in many battles, but in the end the Allied prevailed. In this chapter I will be talking about General Erwin Rommel and Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto. There are more Axis generals and admirals that I will not be covering, but if you want to know more there is a plethora of information on them on the internet or a book.

Retrieved from: http://prettylittleresearchers.wordpress.com/ 2012/06/14/nazi-germany-article-political-aspect-by-alessandragarcia-narrea/


SECTION 3

Erwin Rommel -

Born in Heidenheim, Germany on November 15, 1891

- Joined the German infantry in 1910 and fought in WW1 and fought as a lieutenant in WW1 in France, Romania and Italy. Retrieved from: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/ Erwin_Rommel

FAMOUS QUOTE’S • “Don't fight a battle if you don't gain anything by winning” • “In a man-to-man fight, the winner is he who has one more round in his magazine”

- In February 1940 Rommel was named commander of the 7th Panzer division and the following year was appointed commander of German troops in North Africa - Losses to the Italians and Brits in North Africa led Hitler to send Rommel to Libya -

Not after long he was promoted to field Marshal by Hitler

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Earned the nickname desert fox for his surprise attack

- North Africa was lost in 1943 he was sent to be an overseer to the defense of the Atlantic force - A plot to assassinate Hitler in 1944 failed but was revealed his contacts with conspirators - Committed suicide by drinking poison in October 14, 1944 at the age of 52

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Review 2.1 Lorem Ipsum dolor amet, consectetur Question 1 of 2

When did Erwin Rommel join the German infantry?

A. 1941 B. 1910 C. 1917

Check Answer

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SECTION 4

Isoroku Yamamoto

Retrieved from:https:// www.patriotspoint.org/news_events/ FAMOUS QUOTE • “I fear all we have done is to awaken a sleeping giant and fill him with a terrible resolve” • “You cannot invade the mainland United States. There would be a rifle behind every blade of grass”

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Born April 4, 1884 in Nagaoka, Japan

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Graduated from the Japanese naval academy

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As an Lieutenant Colonel studied English at Harvard

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One of Japan’s foremost aviation officers

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Commanded an Aircraft carrier Akagi in 1928

- Became commander and chief of the combined fleet in 1939 - Helped plan the attack on pearl harbor on Dec 7 1941 -

Lost at the battle of Midway June 4-6 1942

- Lost more battles at Solomon islands and Guadalcanal - On April 18 1943 his plane was shot down and died as a result

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The Battle of Midway, fought over and near the tiny U.S. mid-Pacific base at Midway atoll, represents the strategic high water mark of Japan's Pacific Ocean war. Prior to this action, Japan possessed general naval superiority over the United States and could usually choose where and when to attack. After Midway, the two opposing fleets were essentially equals, and the United States soon took the offensive. Japanese Combined Fleet commander Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto moved on Midway in an effort to draw out and destroy the U.S. Pacific Fleet's aircraft carrier striking forces, which had embarrassed the Japanese Navy in the mid-April Doolittle Raid on Japan's home islands and at the Battle of Coral Sea in early May. He planned to

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Citation

http://www.biography.com/#!/people/george-patton-9434904#military-career http://www.biography.com/#!/people/douglas-macarthur-9390257#world-war-ii-and-the-korean-war http://www.biography.com/#!/people/erwin-rommel-39971#field-marshal-and-defeat-near-el-alamein http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/651516/Yamamoto-Isoroku http://www.history.com/topics/douglas-macarthur http://www.brainyquote.com/quotes/authors/e/erwin_rommel.html http://www.history.navy.mil/photos/events/wwii-pac/midway/midway.htm

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