Page 1

³:HDUHFUHDWLQJDQGHQFRXUDJLQJDFXOWXUHRIGLVWUDFWLRQZKHUHZHDUHLQFUHDVLQJO\GLVFRQQHFWHGIURP WKHSHRSOHDQGHYHQWVDURXQGXVDQGLQFUHDVLQJO\XQDEOHWRHQJDJHLQORQJIRUPWKLQNLQJ3HRSOHQRZ IHHODQ[LRXVZKHQWKHLUEUDLQVDUHXQVWLPXODWHG´ Joe  Kraus ³:HFDQQRWOLYHRQO\IRURXUVHOYHV$WKRXVDQG¿EHUVFRQQHFWXVZLWKRXUIHOORZPHQDQGDPRQJ WKRVH¿EHUVDVV\PSDWKHWLFWKUHDGVRXUDFWLRQVUXQDVFDXVHVDQGWKH\FRPHEDFNWRXVDVHIIHFWV´ +HUPDQ0HOYLOOH

manifesto  of   re-­reading  villa  bollen <RXUGHHSHVWURRWVDUHLQQDWXUH1RPDWWHUZKR\RXDUHZKHUH\RXOLYHRUZKDWNLQGRIOLIH\RXOHDG \RXUHPDLQLUUHYRFDEO\OLQNHGZLWKWKHUHVWRIFUHDWLRQ &KDUOHV&RRN ³+XPDQNLQGKDVQRWZRYHQWKHZHERIOLIH:HDUHEXWRQHWKUHDGZLWKLQLW:KDWHYHUZHGRWRWKH ZHEZHGRWRRXUVHOYHV$OOWKLQJVDUHERXQGWRJHWKHU$OOWKLQJVFRQQHFW´ Chief  Seattle ,QQDWXUHZHQHYHUVHHDQ\WKLQJLVRODWHGEXWHYHU\WKLQJLQFRQQHFWLRQZLWKVRPHWKLQJ HOVHZKLFKLVEHIRUHLWEHVLGHLWXQGHULWDQGRYHULW -RKDQQ:ROIJDQJYRQ*RHWKH


Th

5

Pho tom o

1 p.

e Original  Sto ry  

ading of  the  S Re to r

Th

resentati on ial P t i  p In   .   e

8 p. y  

e ag t n

1 p.  1


p. 31

3

liography

NIFESTO p .  3

h Te c

nJs S.  24 raZi l  D ca ni

Bib

MA

wing of  th Dra e  A c

28 rsations  p.

nve Co

n p tio

. 16


7KLVVHULHVRIDUWLFOHVWULHVWRJLYHDQVZHUVWRTXHVWLRQVFRQFHUQLQJLQWLPDFLHVDQG RULJLQVRILPSRUWDQWLQWHUQDWLRQDOKRXVHV7KH\WU\WR¿OOWKHJDSOHIWE\VRPDQ\ +LVWRU\RI$UFKLWHFWXUHERRNVZKLFKZKHQQHJOHFWLQJWKHVHH[WUHPHSHUVRQDOVRXUFHV IRUJHWWKHPXOWLGLVFLSOLQDU\FKDUDFWHURIDUFKLWHFWXUH7KHKRXVHVDQDO\]HGKDYHEHHQ VHOHFWHGIRUWKHLUJRRGDUFKLWHFWXUHDQGIRUKDYLQJEHHQGHVLJQHGE\DIDPRXV DUFKLWHFW%XWPRUHWKDQWKDWWKHUHLVDOVRDQLQGLVSHQVDEOHLQJUHGLHQWRIKDYLQJ FOLHQWVWHOODSDVVLRQDWHVWRU\WKDWJHQHUDWHVWKHSURMHFW6WRULHVRI+RXVHVLQFOXGH LQIRUPDWLRQDERXWWKHFOLHQWVWKHLUUHTXHVWVDQGQHHGVZLWKRXWZKLFKRQHFDQQRW EHJLQWRXQGHUVWDQGWKH¿QDOUHVXOW


STORIES  OF  HOUSES 9,//$%2//(1

,WKDSSHQHGMXVWRYHUWZHQW\\HDUVDJRWKH%ROOHQIDPLO\KDGDSDUFHORIODQGQHDU (LQGKRYHQDQGNQHZH[DFWO\ZKDWWKH\ZDQWHGWRIROORZWKHIDVKLRQWKHQLQ+ROODQGDQGWR EXLOGD)UHQFKVW\OHFRXQWU\KRXVH%XWDVWLPHSDVVHGWKHIDPLO\JUHZHYHUPRUH GLVVDWLV¿HGZLWKWKHKRXVHDQGHYHQWRRNWRVOHHSLQJRXWVLGHLQWKHRSHQDLU7KH%ROOHQV UHDOL]HGWKDWZKDWWKH\QHHGHGZDVQRWD³VW\OH´KRXVHEXWDKRXVHWKDWLQWHQVL¿HGWKHLU UHODWLRQVKLSZLWKQDWXUH

$³VW\OH´KRXVH 7KHKRXVHWKDWWKH%ROOHQIDPLO\KDGEXLOWIXO¿OOHGHYHU\HOHPHQWRID)UHQFKVW\OH FRXQWU\KRXVHWKHIDoDGHEXLOWLQUHGEULFNIDoDGHDQGWKHSDLQWHGZKLWHVPDOOSDQH ZLQGRZVDQGJDUUHWVDOOXQGHUDWLOHGURRI7RSUHYHQWQHLJKERXUVEXLOGLQJDQH\HVRUHWKDW ZRXOGVSRLOWKLVGHVLUHGFRPSRVLWLRQWKHIDPLO\EHJDQEX\LQJORWVDGMRLQLQJWKHLUJDUGHQ XQWLOHYHQWXDOO\WKHLUODQGMRLQHGXSZLWKDQHDUE\QDWXUHUHVHUYH,WZDVWKHQWKDWWKH %ROOHQVKLUHGDODQGVFDSHGHVLJQHUWROD\RXWWKHJDUGHQ+HSOD\HGRQWKHGLIIHUHQW TXDOLWLHVRIWKHJURXQGV±VXFKDVDVOLJKWVORSHDQGVDQG\VRLODQGFUHDWHGVHYHUDO SHUVSHFWLYHVDOWHUQDWLQJIUHHDQGRUGHUHGSODQWLQJVODLGRXWLQDIDQQRQHRIZKLFKIRUPHG DQD[LVZLWKWKHKRXVH$VWKHIDPLO\VWDUWHGIHHOLQJDOPRVWFODXVWURSKRELFLQWKHLUKRPH WKH\IRXQGWKHPVHOYHVVSHQGLQJPRUHDQGPRUHWLPHLQQDWXUHDOPRVWZLWKRXWUHDOL]LQJ 7KH%ROOHQVGHFLGHGWKDWZKDWWKHKRXVHQHHGHGZDVDQH[WHQVLRQWKDWZRXOGRSHQXSWR WKHJDUGHQ,QWKH\FRQWDFWHGWKH'XWFKDUFKLWHFWXUH¿UP2QH$UFKLWHFWXUH7RLQVSLUH WKHGHVLJQRIWKHH[WHQVLRQ2QH$UFKLWHFWXUHSUHSDUHGDEURFKXUHRIGLIIHUHQWKRXVHVE\ SUHVWLJLRXVFRQWHPSRUDU\DUFKLWHFWVPDQ\RIZKRPZLOODOUHDG\EHIDPLOLDUWRWKHUHDGHUV RI6WRULHVRI+RXVHVVXFKDV5HP.RROKDDV)UDQN*HKU\%HQYDQ%HUNHODQG$OYDUR6L]D 7KHEURFKXUHDOVRLQFOXGHGKLVWRULFDO¿JXUHVWKDWUDQJHGIURPWKHFODVVLFDO$QGUHD3DOODGLR WRWKHPRGHUQLVW0LHVYDQGHU5RKH$OWKRXJKWKH%ROOHQIDPLO\GLGQRWLGHQWLI\LWVHOIZLWK DQ\RIWKHKRXVHVLWDSSUHFLDWHGWKH)DUQVZRUWK+RXVHE\0LHVYDQGHU5RKHEHFDXVHLW VHHPHGWRHPEUDFHLWVHQWLUHVXUURXQGLQJV7KLVZDVH[DFWO\WKHW\SHRIKRXVHWKDWWKH\ ZDQWHGWROHDUQIURP


7KHKLVWRU\RIWKH)DUQVZRUWK+RXVH ,Q(GLWK)DUQVZRUWKDSK\VLFLDQDSSURDFKHGWKH0XVHXPRI0RGHUQ$UWLQ1HZ<RUN IRUDGYLFHRQ¿QGLQJDQDUFKLWHFWWRGHVLJQKHUZHHNHQGFRXQWU\KRXVH7KHQDPHVVKH ZDVJLYHQZHUH)UDQN/OR\G:ULJKW/H&RUEXVLHUDQG0LHVYDQGHU5RKH,QWKHHQG'U )DUQVZRUWKFKRVH5RKHDQGVKRZHGKLPWKHIRXUKHFWDUHVRIODQGWKDWVKHRZQHGLQ3ODQR QHDU&KLFDJRRQDVORSHGHVFHQGLQJWRWKH)R[5LYHU7KHODQGZDVFKDUDFWHUL]HGE\Ã&#x20AC;DW PHDGRZVEURNHQXSE\DJURXSRIWUHHVLQFOXGLQJWZRHQRUPRXVVXJDUPDSOHV )XUWKHUPRUHDQLPSRUWDQWIDFWRUWREHDULQPLQGZDVWKDWWKHODQGZDVUHJXODUO\Ã&#x20AC;RRGHG GXHWRLWVORZSRVLWLRQLQUHODWLRQWRWKHULYHU

2

7KHDUFKLWHFWEXLOWDJOD]HGER[RI[PVHWRQDÃ&#x20AC;RDWLQJVWHHOVWUXFWXUHDQGHOH YDWHGPDERYHWKHJURXQGRQHLJKWVWHHOFROXPQVSDLQWHGZKLWH,QRUGHUWRUHVSHFW WKHWUHHVWKHKRXVHZDVFDUHIXOO\SODFHGDPRQJWKHVXJDUPDSOHVDQGRULHQWHGZLWKLWV ORQJD[LVLQDQHDVWZHVWGLUHFWLRQ7KHVWHHOVWUXFWXUHZDVSODFHGGLUHFWO\LQIURQWRIWKH JODVVIDoDGHVRWKDWQDWXUHDQGVHYHUHFRQWUDVWVRIWKHVHDVRQVZHUHH[SHULHQFHGZLWK LQWHQVLW\DQGIRUPHGSDUWRIWKHKXPDQHQYLURQPHQWHTXDOWRWKHEXLOWKRXVHLWVHOI,QWKLV RSHQVSDFHWKHNLWFKHQDSSHDUHGDVRQHSLHFHRIIXUQLWXUHVRPHWKLQJWKDWLVUHFRJQL]HG QRZDGD\VDQGLQWKDWZD\HQMR\HGLPSUHVVLYHYLHZVMXVWDVWKHOLYLQJURRPGLG'HVSLWH WKLV³LGHDO´VROXWLRQ'U)DUQVZRUWKWRRN0LHVWRFRXUWDFFXVLQJKLPRIRYHUVSHQGLQJRQ WKHFRQVWUXFWLRQDQGGHVFULELQJKRZGLI¿FXOWLWZDVWROLYHLQWKHKRXVH+RZHYHUGHVSLWHD WKUHH\HDUV¿JKWVKHORVWWKHODZVXLW


)URPWKLVSRLQWRIYLHZLWLVLURQLFWKDWWKH%ROOHQIDPLO\FKRVHDKRXVHWKDWLWVRULJLQDO FOLHQWKDGDFFXVHGRIEHLQJ³LQKXPDQ´%XW¿IW\\HDUVRQWKHUROHKDGEHHQUHYHUVHG7KH DWPRVSKHUHRIWKH)DUQVZRUWK+RXVHZDVQRZVHHQDVGHVLUDEOHDOOEHFDXVHRILWVLQWHQVH UHODWLRQVKLSZLWKQDWXUH 0DWWKLMV%RXZFRIRXQGHURI2QH$UFKLWHFWXUHLQWHUSUHWHGWKH)DUQVZRUWK+RXVHDQGWRRN HOHPHQWVIURP0LHV¶ZRUNWKHRSHQSODQWKHERUGHU¿QLVKLQJRIWKHURRIDUHSOLFDRIWKH FKURPLXPFUXFLIRUPFROXPQIURPWKH*HUPDQ3DYLOLRQDWWKH%DUFHORQD([SRRI HYHQHOHYDWHGWKHH[WHQVLRQE\KDOIDPHWUHVRWKDWWKHODUJHVFDOHRIWKHRSHQSODQ DOORZHGWKHH\HWRSDVVWKURXJKWKHEXLOGLQJDQGWUDYHUVHWKHHQWLUHGHSWKRIWKHJDUGHQ DQGODQGVFDSH7KHIDoDGH¶VVWDLQOHVVVWHHOVOLGLQJGRRUVFUHDWHWKHHIIHFWWKDWWKH H[WHQVLRQLVOLNHDSDYLOLRQLQQDWXUHZKHUHIURPWKHLQVLGHRQHFDQEUHDWKHWKHVFHQW RIWKHWUHHVDQGIHHOWKHZDUPEUHH]HVWURNLQJRQH¶VFKHHNV&DQRQHWKHUHIRUHWDONRID VW\OH"/RRNLQJDWWKLVKRXVHRQHUHDOL]HVWKDWWKHDUFKLWHFWXUHGLVDSSHDUVZKDWPDWWHUVLV the  closeness  of  nature.


ZEBRA

PARASTOID

$1*(/),6+

ZEBRA

4

DANCER


next  stage:DYLGHRZKHUH\RXGHVFULEHWKHFULWHULRQRI\RXUFKRLFHDQGDI¿OLDWLRQWR WKHFRQFHSWZKLFKHPHUJHGRXWRIWKHWZR6WRULHVVHOHFWHG how  to  prepare  the  Script:ODQJXDJHYRFDEXODU\ERGLO\ODQJXDJHIRUPXODWLRQRIWKH DUJXPHQWHWF video  presentation  explaining  the  criterion  of  choosing  the  two  Stories:   FRQFHSWVDQGHVVHQFHRIWKHKRXVH,WLVEXLOWIRUDSDUWLFXODUIDPLO\FRXSOH\HWFDQEH XQGHUVWRRGLQFROOHFWLYHWHUPV:RUNIURPZLWKLQFXOWXUH


UHTXHVWHG KRXVH ZKLFK ZDV D µUHQRYDWLRQ¶ RI WKH DUFKLWHFWXUDO ODQJXDJH±QRWDQ,1129$7,21 7KH0RELXVZKLOHDQLQWHUHVWLQJ SURSRVDO LW GRHV QRW UHIHUHQFH DQ\DUFKLWHFWXUDOIRUPVRUVW\OHV DQG WKHUHIRUH ZRXOG KDYH EHHQ PRUH VXFFHVVIXO DV D GHVLJQ FRQFHSWUDWKHUWKDQOLWHUDOIRUP 7KH IXQFWLRQ RI WKH IRUP LV DOVR PRUHFRPSOLFDWHGWKDQFRPSOH[ :KLOHWKH0RELXVEDQGLVYLVXDO O\ LQWHUHVWLQJ LW GLVUHJDUGV FRP PXQDO VSDFH RU IDPLO\ VSDFH DQGLQVWHDGXWLOL]HVFRPSOLFDWHG FRUULGRUV ZKLFK GHHPSKDVL]H DQG GLVFRQQHFW WKH LPSRUWDQFH RIWKHIDPLO\DVDZKROH 2YHUDOO WKH 0RELXV KRXVH DFWV outside  the   context   of   the   soci HW\ LQVWHDG EHLQJ D PDWKHPDWL FDODUFKLWHFWXUDOH[SHULPHQWFDU ULHGRXWDWWKHIDPLO\¶VH[SHQVH 2QH VWURQJ FRQQHFWLRQ SUHVHQW LQWKHKRXVHLVWKHUHODWLRQVKLSRI H[WHULRUVNLQWRLQWHULRUVXUIDFHV 7KH LGHD RI DQ LQWHUFKDQJHDEOH DQG UHYHUVLEOH PDWHULDO SDOHWWH FUHDWHV D XQLTXH FRQQHFWLRQ WR WKHODQGVFDSHDQGJRHVEH\RQG DPHUHYLVXDOUHIHUHQFH

FRXUVH RI WZR SHRSOH PRYLQJ DORQJWKHLURZQURXWHVEXWFURVV LQJSDWKVDWSDUWLFXODUPRPHQWV 7KH FOLHQWV DOVR UHTXHVWHG WKHLU KRXVHWRKDYHDVWURQJ

study  is  the  Villa  Bollen  in   +ROODQGE\2QH$UFKLWHFWXUH $ERXW  \HDUV DJR WKH %ROOHQ IDPLO\ RZQHG D SORW RI ODQG LQ +ROODQG DQG GHFLGHG WR EXLOG D



-DFO\Q 0\ QDPH LV -DFO\Q UHODWLRQVKLS ZLWK WKH ODQGVFDSH 6TXL]]DWR  VSHFL¿FDOO\ WKH PHDGRZV DQG EHHFKWUHHVVXUURXQGLQJWKHVLWH 1DWDOLH$QGP\QDPHLV1DWDOLH 7KHSURSRVDOWRFRQYH\DOOWKHVH 3HWULFFD DQG ZH DUH LQ RXU ¿UVW UHTXHVWV ZDV WKH IRXQG LQ WKH \HDURIWKH0$UFKLWHFWXUH 0RELXV%DQG SURJUDPDQGDW&DUOHWRQ 7KLVLVDGLDJUDPVWXGLHGE\DV University. WURORJLVWDQGPDWKHPDWLFLDQ$X JXVW)HUGLQDQGWR,W -DFO\Q )RU WKLV SURMHFW , FKRVH LVOLWHUDOO\PDGHE\WDNLQJD WR IRFXV RQ WKH 0RELXV +RXVH UHFWDQJXODUVWULSRISDSHU E\%HQYDQ%HUNHO±P\ZRUGIRU PDUNLQJLWVFRUQHUVDQGWZLVWLQJ WKHSURMHFWZDVDISCONNECT. WKHPLQWRD¿JXUHRIHLJKW ZLWKRXW OHIW RU ULJKW EHJLQQLQJ 1DWDOLH$QG,FKRVHWRIRFXVRQ RU HQG  %\ WKHQ JLYLQJ VSDWLDO WKH 9LOOD %ROOHQ +RXVH E\ 2QH GHSWK WR WKLV EDQG WKH DUFKLWHFW $UFKLWHFWXUH±EHFDXVH,IHOWWKDW IRXQG WKDW SURJUDP FLUFXODWLRQ WKLVKRXVHHQFDSVXODWHV DQG VWUXFWXUH FRXOG EH LQWHJUDW CONNECTION.  HGVHDPOHVVO\ 0RYHPHQWWKURXJKWKLV -DFO\Q6R±WRJLYH\RXDEULHI FRQFUHWHORRSWUDFHVWKHSDWWHUQ EDFNJURXQG RI WKH 0RELXV RIWKHIDPLOLHV¶GDLO\URXWLQHDQG +RXVH7KHKRXVHZDVRULJLQDOO\ E\SK\VLFDOO\VWUHWFKLQJWKH FRPPLVVLRQHG LQ  ZLWK WKH IRRWSULQWWKHDUFKLWHFWXUHLVDEOH UHTXHVWIURPWKHFOLHQWWRGHVLJQ WRFRQQHFWZLWKPXOWLSOHDVSHFWV DKRXVHWKDWZRXOGEHµ$ RI WKH ODQGVFDSH 0RYHPHQW renovation  of  the  architectural WKURXJKWKHODQGVFDSHLVDOVRUH ODQJXDJH¶ :KDW GRHV WKLV LQIRUFHGE\WKHFKDQJLQJ PHDQ" SRVLWLRQVRIWKHWZRPDLQ :HOOWKHDUFKLWHFWWKRXJKWWKDWLW PDWHULDOV JODVV DQG FRQFUHWH PHDQW WKDW WKH KRXVH ZRXOG EH $VWKHORRSWXUQVLQVLGHRXWWKH D FRQVHTXHQFH RI WKH FOLHQWV¶ H[WHULRU FRQFUHWH FDQ EHFRPH ZD\RIOLIH±DQGIRFXVHGRQWKH LQWHULRU IXUQLWXUH DQG WKH JODVV

IDFDGHVEHFRPHLQWHULRU SDUWLWLRQV7KHZRUG,FKRRVHWR HQFDSVXODWH WKH 0RELXV +RXVH LVWKHUHIRUH',6&211(&7 7KHIDPLO\KDGRULJLQDOO\

The  house  that  I  have  chosen  to  


)UHQFKVW\OHFRXQWU\KRXVHRQLW 7RSUHYHQWWKHLUQHLJKERXUVIURP EXLOGLQJVRPHWKLQJWKDWWKH\IHOW ZDVQ¶W YLVXDOO\ DSSHDOLQJ WKH\ ERXJKWXSDOORIWKHODQGDURXQG WKHP XQWLO WKHLU ODQG SORW MRLQHG ZLWK D QDWXUH UHVHUYH  7KH\ KLUHG D ODQGVFDSH DUFKLWHFW WR OD\RXWJDUGHQVRQWKHLU SURSHUW\FUHDWLQJPDQ\ SHUVSHFWLYHVLQDUHODWLYHO\ ordered  fashion.   I   see   this   as   ZDQWLQJWRGLVWDQFHRU GLVFRQQHFWWKHPVHOYHVIURP SRWHQWLDO QHLJKERUV DQG VRFLHW\ %\EX\LQJXSDOOWKHODQGDQG IRUPDOO\ODQGVFDSLQJLWWKH\ VHSDUDWHG WKHPVHOYHV IURP WKH UHVW RI WKH ZRUOG DURXQG WKHP 7KH\JUHZLQFUHDVLQJO\XQKDSS\ ZLWK WKHLU KRXVH EHFDXVH WKH\ GLGQ¶WIHHOWKDWLWKDGHQRXJKRID connection   to   the   outdoors   and   EHJDQWRVOHHSRXWVLGH7KH\ UHDOL]HG WKDW WKH\ QHHGHG D KRXVH WKDW ZRXOG LQWHQVLI\ WKHLU UHODWLRQVKLSZLWKWKHRXWGRRUV 7KH\KLUHG2QH$UFKLWHFWXUHDQG H[SUHVVHGWKHLUORYHIRU0LHVYDQ GHU5RKH¶V)DUQVZRUWK+RXVH They   desired   a   house   in   this   IDVKLRQ EHFDXVH WKH\ VDZ LW DV KDYLQJ DQ LQWHQVH UHODWLRQVKLS

DODUJHO\RSHQSODQDOORZLQJWKH H\HWRSDVVWKURXJKWKHVSDFHV to  the  outside.  The  entire   DGGLWLRQ ZDV VOLJKWO\ HOHYDWHG VR WKDW RQH ZRXOG KDYH D YLHZ RYHU WKH HQWLUH ODQGVFDSH DQG JDUGHQ ,EHOLHYHWKDWZH¿UVWH[SHULHQFH WKH ZRUOG YLVXDOO\ VR WKH YLVXDO FRQQHFWLRQVRWKHYLVXDO FRQQHFWLRQ RI WKH IDPLO\ PHP EHUV WR WKH RXWVLGH LV WKH PRVW LPSRUWDQWIRUWKHP2XU¿UVW UHDFWLRQ WR SHRSOH SODFHV DQG VLWXDWLRQV LV DOZD\V EDVHG ¿UVW RQYLVXDODSSHDUDQFH6RLQ RUGHU IRU WKH IDPLO\ WR IHHO WKDW WKH\KDGDVWURQJFRQQHFWLRQWR WKHRXWVLGHWKHYLVXDO FRQQHFWLRQ DOZD\V KDV WR EH WKHUH7KHDUFKLWHFWXUHVHHPVWR GLVDSSHDU DV LW DFKLHYHV WKH FORVHVW UHODWLRQVKLS ZLWK QDWXUH SRVVLEOHFRPSOHWH WUDQVSDUHQF\7KHPXOOLRQV EHFRPHOLNHWUHHVDQGWKHJODVV GLVDSSHDUV6HFWLRQDOO\WKH GLYLVLRQEHWZHHQRXWVLGHDQG LQVLGH LV DOPRVW LQFDOFXODEOH ZLWK WKH SDWLR H[WHQGLQJ GLUHFW O\RXWIURPWKHLQVLGH7KHLGHD RI FRQQHFWLRQ LV SUHVHQW LQ WKLV KRXVHRQDIHZOHYHOV7KH¿UVW

ZLWKQDWXUH 7KH DGGLWLRQ ZDV LQVHUWHG DV D ORQJUHFWDQJXODUVWUXFWXUHRQWKH EDFN RI WKH KRXVH ZLWK D GLUHFW YLHZRXWRQWRWKHJDUGHQV,WLV

DQG PRVW REYLRXV LV WKH YLVXDO FRQQHFWLRQ RI WKH IDPLO\ WR WKH ODQGVFDSH D FRQQHFWLRQ ZKLFK WKH\ VR GHVLUHG 7KLV DOORZV WKHP WR EH DEOH WR LPDJLQH WKH

ZDUP EUHH]H WKH VRXQG RI WKH WUHHV PRYLQJ WKH VPHOOV RI WKH IUHVK UDLQIDOO DQG WKH IHHOLQJ RI VXQRQWKHLUVNLQDOOZKLOHEHLQJ inside. 7KHVHFRQGLVWKHSK\VLFDO FRQQHFWLRQEHWZHHQRXWVLGH and  inside.    This  connection   DSSHDUVVHDPOHVVQRWRQO\ YLVXDOO\EXWDUFKLWHFWXUDOO\DV ZHOOZLWKQROHYHOFKDQJHDWWKH PRPHQWDSHUVRQVWHSVRXWVLGH $UFKLWHFWXUDOO\WKHUHDUHVWURQJ SK\VLFDOFRQQHFWLRQVEHWZHHQ RXWVLGHDQGLQVLGHZKLFK PDNHV\RXDZDUHZKHQ\RX FURVVLW:KHQWKHVHSDUDWLRQ LVUHPRYHGWKHQWKHIHHOLQJRI FRQQHFWLRQLVLQWHQVL¿HGDQG WKHOLQHLVEOXUUHG7KLUGLVWKH FRQQHFWLRQEHWZHHQWKHROGDQG WKHQHZ 7KLVLVQRWRQO\SUHVHQWDVWKLV is  an  addition  onto  an  older   KRXVHEXWLWLVDOVRSUHVHQWLQ LWVHFKRLQJRI0LHV¶)DUQVZRUWK KRXVH7KLVLVQRWDGLUHFWFRS\ E\DQ\PHDQVEXWLWGRHVHP SOR\PDQ\RIWKHVDPHWHFK QLTXHVWRDFKLHYHVLPLODUHIIHFWV RIFRQQHFWLQJWRWKHODQGVFDSH DQGWUDQVSDUHQF\


READING OF  THE  STORY


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




7KHKRXVHZDVFKRVHQIRULWVDWWHPSW WREULQJDQHDUO\WK&HQWXU\ZD\RI FRQQHFWLQJDIDPLO\WRDODQGVFDSHLQWR WKHODWHWK&HQWXU\ZLWKWKHDGYHQWRI PRGHUQPDWHULDOVDQGQHZZD\VRI WKLQNLQJ7KLVKRXVHDOVRKDG WUHPHQGRXVDPRXQWVRISRWHQWLDOWR H[SORUHZD\VRIFRQQHFWLQJWKHIDPLO\WR QDWXUHWRKLVWRULFDUFKLWHFWXUHDQGPRVW LPSRUWDQWO\WRHDFKRWKHU6RPXFK LQWHUFRQQHFWLRQZLWKLQIDPLOLHVKDVEHHQ ORVWGXHWRWKHSURPLQHQFHWKDW WHFKQRORJ\KDVLQRXUVRFLHW\DQGWKLV KRXVHZDVSHUIHFWWRH[SORUHWKLV XQLTXHO\VW&HQWXU\FRQGLWLRQ

8SRQIXUWKHUDQDO\VLVLWZDVGLVFRYHUHG that  the  CONNECTION  that  this   KRXVHSRVVHVVHVLVYHU\RQH GLPHQVLRQDODQGDVSDUWRIWKH LQWHUYHQWLRQDQGWKHUHLPDJLQLQJLW EHFDPHLPSRUWDQWWRPDNHWKLV  

CONNECTION Â PXOWLGLPHQVLRQDODQGPXOWLVHQVRULDO,W DOVREHFDPHLPSRUWDQWWRFRQQHFWWKLV VW&HQWXU\LQWHUYHQWLRQZLWKWKHWK &HQWXU\RULJLQDOKRXVH,QVWHDGRIWKH

CONNECTION Â EHLQJVLPSO\D GLYLVLRQLWVKRXOGEHFRPHH[WHQGHG ZKHUHRQHLVQRWVXUHZKHUHWKH DUFKLWHFWXUHHQGVDQGQDWXUHEHJLQV


pho·to·mon·tage   IWPQWl]KP{Q

noun 7KHWHFKQLTXHRIPDNLQJDSLFWXUHE\DVVHPEOLQJSLHFHVRISKRWRJUDSKVRIWHQLQ FRPELQDWLRQZLWKRWKHUW\SHVRIJUDSKLFPDWHULDO 7KHFRPSRVLWHSLFWXUHSURGXFHGE\WKLVWHFKQLTXH


7KHLGHDRIYLVXDOFRQQHFWLRQEXWDSK\VLFDOVHSDUDWLRQIURPQDWXUHLV SUHVHQWLQWKHWK&HQWXU\9LOOD%ROOHQ7KHZKLWHOLQHUHSUHVHQWVWKLV FRQWLQXLW\EXWLWDOVRFRPPHQWVRQWKHVWDUNVHSDUDWLRQEHWZHHQRXWVLGH DQGLQVLGHROGDQGQHZ7KHPDQFRQQHFWVZLWKWKHRXWVLGHYLVXDOO\ZKLFK EULQJVDQRWKHUHOHPHQWRIOLIHWRKLVH[LVWHQFH


7KHWK&HQWXU\9LOOD%ROOHQKDVDZRQGHUIXOYLVXDOFRQQHFWLRQEHWZHHQ WKHIDPLO\DQGQDWXUHEXWGRHVQRWLQFRUSRUDWHRWKHUDVSHFWVRIQDWXUH 7KHGLYLVLRQEHWZHHQWKHIDPLO\DQGQDWXUHLVDKDUGDQGLQÃ&#x20AC;H[LEOHSLHFHRI JODVVWKDWGRHVQRWDOORZEUHH]HVVPHOOVWHPSHUDWXUHFKDQJHVWRDIIHFWWKH LQWHULRUHQYLURQPHQWDQGYLFHYHUVD7KLVFRQFHSWXDOGUDZLQJH[SORUHVKRZ WKLVGLYLVLRQEHWZHHQRXWVLGHDQGLQVLGHIDPLO\DQGQDWXUHROGDQGQHZ FRXOGEHWUHDWHGOLNHDEULGJHDQH[WHQGHGH[SHULHQFHLQZKLFKRQHKDVWR WUDYHODGLVWDQFHWRUHDFKWKHRWKHUVLGH7KHRWKHUWZRPRQWDJHVLQFOXGHG LQFRUSRUDWHRWKHULQWHUHVWLQJDVSHFWVRIFRQQHFWLRQDQGGLVFRQQHFWLRQ


7KH¿UVWLPDJHGHSLFWVWKHZHDYLQJDQGLQWHUPLQJOLQJEHWZHHQWKHOLYHDQG ZRUNHQYLURQPHQWV7KHZD\LWZDVFRQVWUXFWHGLVLQWHUHVWLQJLQWKDWLWWRRN WKHRULJLQDOPRQWDJHGLYLGHGLWLQWRVWULSVDQGZRYHLWDVDV\PEROLFJHVWXUH WKDWZRXOGKDYHWRKDSSHQDUFKLWHFWXUDOO\EHWZHHQQDWXUHDQGDUFKLWHFWXUH LQRUGHUWRDFKLHYHZKDWIHHOVOLNHDPRUHXQL¿HGZKROH7KHVHFRQGLPDJH VSHDNVWRWKHLQFRUSRUDWLRQRIWHFKQRORJ\DQGQDWXUHZKLFKLVDYHU\ SURPLQHQWIDFWLQWKHVW&HQWXU\7KHLGHDWKDWWKHWUHHDVWRLFV\PERORI QDWXUHFRXOGEHFRPHDZHERIWHFKQRORJ\SRZHUDQGFRPPXQLFDWLRQLVDQ LQWHUHVWLQJFRPPHQWRQWKHIXWXUHDQGWKHTXHVWLRQRI³:KDWLVQDWXUHLQWKH VW&HQWXU\"´

-DFO\Q6TXL]]DWR

$OIRQVR0HOHUR%HYLD


sto·ry VW{UVWU

QRXQSOVWRāULHV



$QDFFRXQWRUUHFLWDORIDQHYHQWRUDVHULHVRI HYHQWVHLWKHUWUXHRU¿FWLWLRXVDV D$QDFFRXQWRUUHSRUWUHJDUGLQJWKHIDFWVRIDQHYHQW RUJURXSRIHYHQWV7KHZLWQHVVFKDQJHGKHUVWRU\ XQGHUTXHVWLRQLQJ E$QDQHFGRWHFDPHEDFNIURPWKHWULSZLWKVRPH JRRGVWRULHV F$OLHWROGXVDVWRU\DERXWWKHGRJHDWLQJWKH FRRNLHV 2. D$XVXDOO\¿FWLRQDOSURVHRUYHUVHQDUUDWLYHLQWHQGHG WRLQWHUHVWRUDPXVHWKHKHDUHURUUHDGHUDWDOH E$VKRUWVWRU\ $QHZVDUWLFOHRUEURDGFDVW 7KHEDFNJURXQGLQIRUPDWLRQUHJDUGLQJVRPHWKLQJ :KDW¶VWKHVWRU\RQWKHVHXQSDLGELOOV"


2Q1RYHPEHUWKH0RELXV+RXVHH[SHULHQFHGDQHOHFWULFDO¿UHDQGEXUQWGRZQEHFRPLQJ XQLQKDELWDEOH7KH0RELXVIDPLO\GLVSODFHGDQGKRPHOHVVEHJDQORRNLQJIRUDQRWKHUKRXVHDQG TXLFNO\VWXPEOHGXSRQWKH9LOOD%ROOHQ7KH9LOOD%ROOHQKDYLQJUHFHQWO\EHHQSXWRQWKHPDUNHWKDG WKHEDVLFYLVXDOFRQQHFWLRQZLWKQDWXUHWKDW0RELXV)DPLO\GHVLUHG$IWHUPXFKGHOLEHUDWLRQWKH SDUHQWVERXJKWWKHKRXVHDQGPRYHGLQZLWKWKHLUWZRFKLOGUHQ +RZHYHUWKHG\QDPLFRIWKH0RELXVIDPLO\KDVFKDQJHGVLJQL¿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in  the  renovation.   7KHIDPLO\DOVRUHTXHVWVWKDWWKHUHQRYDWLRQXWLOL]HQDWXUDOOLJKWLQJWRFUHDWHDFORVHUUHODWLRQVKLSZLWK QDWXUH6LQFH+ROODQGLVW\SLFDOO\FORXG\WKHIDPLO\UHTXHVWVWKHFXUUHQWGDUNLQWHULRURIWKHRULJLQDO )UHQFKKRXVHWREHVXEWUDFWHGIURPWRFUHDWHDSUDFWLFDOUHQRYDWLRQWRWKHH[LVWLQJDUFKLWHFWXUDO ODQJXDJH


ac·tion  >DNVKXKQ@ noun

7KHSURFHVVRUVWDWHRIDFWLQJRURIEHLQJDFWLYH7KHPDFKLQHLVQRWLQDFWLRQQRZ 6RPHWKLQJGRQHRUSHUIRUPHGDFWGHHG $QDFWWKDWRQHFRQVFLRXVO\ZLOOVDQGWKDWPD\EHFKDUDFWHUL]HGE\SK\VLFDORU PHQWDODFWLYLW\DFULVLVWKDWGHPDQGVDFWLRQLQVWHDGRIGHEDWHKRSLQJIRUFRQVWUXFWLYH DFWLRQE\WKHODQGORUG $FWLRQVKDELWXDORUXVXDODFWVFRQGXFW+HLVUHVSRQVLEOHIRUKLVDFWLRQV



(QHUJHWLFDFWLYLW\DPDQRIDFWLRQ


$OLFLD)HUQDQGH]

-DFO\Q6TXL]]DWR

(VWKHU0RUHQR5RPHURGHÃ&#x2C6;YLOD

+LODO$NVX

7KHGUDZLQJRIWKHDFWLRQZDVDQH[HUFLVHLQGHWHUPLQLQJWKHVSDFHDSDUWLFXODUDFWLYLW\QHHGHGWR KDSSHQZKHQGXULQJWKHGD\LWKDSSHQHGDQGZKDWWKHLGHDOFRQGLWLRQVLQZKLFKLWKDSSHQHGZHUH 7KHVHGUDZLQJVE\-DFO\Q$OLFLD(VWKHUDQG+LODOFDSWXUHVRPHRIWKHVHHOHPHQWV-DFO\QORRNHGDW WKHLGHDOVSDFHIRURQHSHUVRQWRZRUNZKHUHDV(VWKHUORRNHGDWWKHGLIIHUHQWERG\SRVLWLRQVRIRQH SHUVRQRYHUWKHFRXUVHRIWKHGD\ZKLOHVLWWLQJDWDGHVN$OLFLDWKRXJKWDERXWVSDFHQRWMXVWWZR GLPHQVLRQDOO\EXWYROXPHWULFDOO\DQGGH¿QHGWKHVSDFHUHTXLUHGIRURQHWRZRUNDQGWRULGHDELF\FOH +LODOORRNHGDWVOHHSLQJZKLFKJHQHUDOO\KDSSHQVZLWKLQWKHFRQ¿QHVRIDPDWWUHVVEXWVKHZDVDEOH WRGH¿QHDQDOWHUQDWHZD\WRVOHHSLQZKLFKVKHPD\IHHOPRVWFRPIRUWDEOHDQGVKHKDVGH¿QHGWKH UDGLXVLQZKLFKWKLVFDQKDSSHQ


7KHIROORZLQJFROOHFWLYHGUDZLQJRIWKHDFWLRQLVDFRPSLODWLRQRIWKHEHVWDVSHFWVRIWKHDFWLRQ GUDZLQJVWKXVIDU7KHLGHDWRGHSLFWLQJWLPHDQGWKHF\FOHRIWKHVXQ+LODO¶VWHFKQLFDOGUDZLQJRIDQ LGHDOSODFHWRVOHHS$OLFLD¶VWHFKQLFDOGUDZLQJRIWKHELF\FOHWKHGHSLFWLRQRIDSHUVRQDQGWKHLU UDGLXVDQGWKHVHFWLRQVDORQJWKHEDVHRIWKHGUDZLQJDUHDOOSURGXFWVRIWKH$OLFDQWHJURXS7KH ZKROHFRPSRVLWLRQWKHSODQVRIZRUNDQGFRPLQJWRJHWKHURIWKHIDPLO\WKHVHFWLRQRIWKHFRPLQJ WRJHWKHURIWKHIDPLO\DQGWKHVWXG\RIWKHWXOLSDQGKRZPXFKKHDWZDWHUDQGVXQLWQHHGVRYHUD PRQWKSHULRGDUHDOOFRQWULEXWLRQVRIWKH&DQDGLDQJURXS


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³QDWXUH´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


tech·ni·cal WNQNO

DGMHFWLYH  D+DYLQJVSHFLDOVNLOORUSUDFWLFDONQRZOHGJHHVSHFLDOO\LQDPHFKDQLFDORUVFLHQWL¿F ¿HOGDWHFKQLFDODGYLVHU E8VHGLQRUSHFXOLDUWRDVSHFL¿F¿HOGRUSURIHVVLRQVSHFLDOL]HGWHFKQLFDO WHUPLQRORJ\ 2. D$EVWUDFWRUWKHRUHWLFDODWHFKQLFDODQDO\VLV E2IUHODWLQJWRRUHPSOR\LQJWKHPHWKRGRORJ\RIVFLHQFHVFLHQWL¿F $FFRUGLQJWRSULQFLSOHIRUPDOUDWKHUWKDQSUDFWLFDODWHFKQLFDODGYDQWDJH

de·tail GWOGWO

24

noun 3DUWLFXODUVFRQVLGHUHGLQGLYLGXDOO\DQGLQUHODWLRQWRDZKROHFDUHIXODWWHQWLRQWR detail. $PLQXWHRUWKRURXJKWUHDWPHQWRUDFFRXQWZHQWLQWRGHWDLODERXWKLVWUDYHOV  D$GLVFUHWHSDUWRUSRUWLRQRIDZRUNVXFKDVDSDLQWLQJEXLOGLQJRUGHFRUDWLYH REMHFWHVSHFLDOO\ZKHQFRQVLGHUHGLQLVRODWLRQ E$UHSUHVHQWDWLRQRIVXFKDSDUWRUSRUWLRQDGHWDLORID5HPEUDQGWSRUWUDLW LOOXVWUDWLQJWKHWHFKQLTXHRIFKLDURVFXUR


+LODO$NVX

(VWKHU0RUHQR



-DFO\Q6TXL]]DWR


7KHWHFKQLFDOGHWDLOZDVPHDQWWRUHIHUHQFHWKHDFWLRQDQGWRUHSUHVHQW ZKDWRQHGHWDLORIWKHLQWHUYHQWLRQFRXOGEH7KHGHWDLOVKRZLQJWKHWXOLSV LQVHUWHGLQWRWKHVWHSVVKRZVKRZWXOLSVFRXOGEHLQFRUSRUDWHGLQWRWKH H[LVWLQJLQWHULRUDUFKLWHFWXUHLQLQODLGPHWDOSDQVZLWKVXI¿FLHQWGUDLQDJHDQG JUDYHOXQGHUQHDWKWRHQVXUHWKHEXOEVGRQRWURW7KHSDGVIRUVLWWLQJRQ FRXOGEHSODFHGGLUHFWO\RQWKHHDUWKZKHUHQRWXOLSVZRXOGEHSODQWHG 7KHRWKHUGHWDLOVLQFOXGHGE\+LODO-DFO\Q(VWKHUDQG0XUDWEHJLQWR VXJJHVWZKDWWKHUHVWRIWKHDUFKLWHFWXUHFRXOGEHFRPH$OORIWKHGHWDLOV VSHDNWRWKHUHODWLRQVKLSZLWKQDWXUHDQGKDYHGLIIHUHQWZD\VRIPDNLQJWKLV FRQQHFWLRQ,QWKHFDVHRI+LODOWKHFRQQHFWLRQLVYLVXDOWKURXJKWKHÃ&#x20AC;RRU EXWWKHZLQGRZQRWRQO\PDNHVDYLVXDOFRQQHFWLRQEXWDOORZVVFHQWWR SDVVWKURXJKDVZHOO-DFO\Q¶VGHWDLOVKRZVWKHGHWDFKPHQWIURPWKHWXOLSV DQGWKHÃ&#x20AC;RDWLQJPRELOHIRUPWKDWVKHLPDJLQHVWKHZRUNVSDFHZRXOGWDNH (VWKHU¶VWHFKQLFDOGHWDLOVSHDNVWRDYDU\LQJYLVXDOFRQQHFWLRQRQHWKDW FDQFKDQJHZLWKWKHOLIHF\FOHRIWKHWXOLS0XUDW¶VLGHDIRUDPRGXODUÃ&#x20AC;RRU RYHUJUDVVLVYHU\LQWHUHVWLQJEHFDXVHLWFDQEHPDQLSXODWHGWR¿WWKHXVHU¶V QHHGV,WFRXOGEHFRPSOHWHO\RSHQHGWRKDYHQDWXUHLQVLGHRUEH FRPSOHWHO\FORVHGIRUDPRUHWUDGLWLRQDOLQWHULRU

0XUDWdRNoHNHQ


con·ver·sa·tion     >NRQYHUVH\VKXKQ@



noun ,QIRUPDOLQWHUFKDQJHRIWKRXJKWVLQIRUPDWLRQ HWFE\VSRNHQZRUGVRUDOFRPPXQLFDWLRQEHWZHHQ SHUVRQVWDONFROORTX\ 2. An  instance  of  this. $VVRFLDWLRQRUVRFLDOLQWHUFRXUVHLQWLPDWHDF TXDLQWDQFH 7KHDELOLW\WRWDONVRFLDOO\ZLWKRWKHUV6KHZULWHV ZHOOEXWKDVQRFRQYHUVDWLRQ


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«      

 

 

 

  1DWDOLH





,WKLQNWKDWZHFRXOGUHZULWHWKHVWRU\ZLWKDUDGLFDOYLVLRQRIWKHSUHVHQW)RUH[DPSOHWKHVWRU\DERXW 0RELXVKRXVHFRXOGEHUHODWHGWRLQIRUPDWLFV7ZHQW\\HDUVDJRZHUHQ¶WVRLPSRUWDQWEXWQRZDGD\V FRPSXWHUVDUHDQLPSRUWDQWZRUNWRRO(YHQWKHVWRU\FRXOGEHDOLWWOHELWIXWXULVWLFZHFRXOGLPDJLQHZKHUHLVJRLQJWR DUULYHWKLV³GLJLWDODJH´DQGZKDWDUHZHJRLQJWRQHHGLQDKRXVHIRUFRPELQLQJZRUNDQGOLIH:HFDQDSSO\WKHVDPH LGHDZLWKWKH9LOOD%ROOHQZKDWFRXOGEHDUDGLFDOYLVLRQRIWKHFXUUHQWUHODWLRQEHWZHHQDUFKLWHFWXUHDQGQDWXUH"                                    $OIRQVR     ,QWHUHVWLQJLGHDZKLFKFRXOGSHUKDSVEHVWUHQJWKHQHGE\SURJUHVVLQJHYHQIXUWKHULQWRWKHIXWXUHDQG LPDJLQLQJZKDWDWHFKQRORJLFDOO\FRQVFLRXVKRXVHPD\QHHG\UVLQWKHIXWXUH,GRQ¶WWKLQNWKHUHLVDQ\UHDVRQWR UHVWULFWRXUVHOYHVZLWKWLPHDQGSRVVLELOLW\RIWKHXQNQRZQKHUHKRZGHSHQGHQWPDQPD\EHRQWHFKQRORJ\ZRXOGEH LQWHUHVWLQJWRH[SORUH ,(PD\EHWKH0RELXVLVUHLQWHUSUHWHGWROLYHZRUNIRUWKHRZQHU                                     -DFO\Q :KHQ0RELXVKRXVHZDVGHVLJQHGIRUWKHIDPLO\LWRQO\QHHGHGWZRSULYDWHDQGGLVWLQFWURRPVIURPWKHUHVWRIWKH KRXVHWKHRI¿FHV1RZ\HDUVODWHUWKHFKLOGUHQKDYHJURZQDQGWKHQHHGVRIWKHQHZKRXVHPXVWDOVRDGDSW0D\ EHWRGD\HYHU\IDPLO\PHPEHUZRXOGQHHGDSULYDWHVSDFHWRFRQGXFWKLV ³SURIHVVLRQDO´OLIH          /XLV


2Q'XWFK&XOWXUH ,IZHWKLQNPRUHDERXWWKHWKLQJVDERXWFXOWXUHWKDWDIIHFWVWKHGDLO\OLIHRI'XWFKSHRSOHPD\EHZHFDQQDUURZGRZQ WKHOLVWDV 7KH\DUHGLUHFWSHRSOH 7KH\GRQRWOLNHWRVKRZRII 7KH\DUHLQGLYLGXDOLVWLFDQGSULYDF\LVLPSRUWDQWIRUWKHP 3HUVRQDOZHOOQHVVDQGZHOOEHLQJLVLPSRUWDQW JH]HOOLQJ

$OOWKHVHWKLQJVVKDSHWKHOLIHRI'XWFKSHRSOH,WKLQNRQHRIWKHVHNLQGRIFXOWXUDOLVVXHVFDQOHDGXVWKHZD\          +LODO



)URPZKDW,¶YHUHDGDERXW'XWFKFXOWXUH,WKLQNWKDWLQRXUVWRU\³FKLOGUHQ´KDYHWREHLQGHSHQGHQWDQGOLYHLQWKHLURZQ KRXVHDVZHOOWKH\FDQ¶WKDYHWKHVWXGLRLQWKHLUKRXVH,WKLQNLWVYHU\LQWHUHVWLQJWKDWWKHZHDWKHULQ+ROODQGXVXDOO\LV FORXG\VRZHFRXOGLPSURYHWKHOLJKWLQJRIWKHKRXVHIRUDEHWWHUUHODWLRQZLWKQDWXUH          $OIRQVR 5HDGLQJWKLVLWGRHVQRWPDNHVHQVHWKDWWKHFKLOGUHQZRUNLQVLGHWKHKRPH,QVWHDGWKH\VKRXOGZRUNRXWVLGHWKHKRPH DQGQHYHUEULQJZRUNKRPH+RPHLVRQO\DSODFHRIUHOD[LQJZKLFKVHHPVLPSRUWDQWLQ'XWFKFXOWXUH7KLVPD\PHDQ WKDWWKHSDUHQWVZDQWD]RQHWKDWLVIUHHIURPWHFKQRORJ\PD\EHLWVD]RQHLQZKLFK\RXFDQQRWJHWDFHOOSKRQHVLJQDO or  Internet  connection?          1DWDOLH

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

5HÃ&#x20AC;HFWLRQ



7KHRYHUDOOFRPPXQLFDWLRQRIWKHJURXSZDVJRRGEXWDVLQDQ\JURXSWKHUHZHUHVRPHLVVXHVDQGVRPHWLPHVWKHVH LVVXHVZHUHDPSOL¿HGZLWKODQJXDJHDQGWLPHGLIIHUHQFHV$WWKHEHJLQQLQJWKHRUJDQL]DWLRQZDVZRQGHUIXODQG HYHU\RQHZDVYHU\HDJHUWRSDUWLFLSDWHDVNTXHVWLRQVDQGRIIHULGHDV$VLWZHQWRQLWIHOWDVWKRXJKWKH&DQDGLDQ7HDP ZDVRQO\WKHUHWRSURYLGHLQVWUXFWLRQVDQGWKH$OLFDQWH7HDPSURGXFHGWKHZRUNDVNHG7KHIUHTXHQF\DQGGHSWKRIFRQ YHUVDWLRQVGHFUHDVHGDVWLPHZHQWRQ6RPHIUXVWUDWLRQVDURVHGXHWRWKHODFNRIRULQVXI¿FLHQWGLUHFWLRQJLYHQDQGWKH IDFWWKDWDOODVVLJQPHQWVZHUHRQO\GD\V,WZDVHVSHFLDOO\GLI¿FXOWWRLQFRUSRUDWHWKHLGHDVDQGWKHZRUNRIHYHU\RQH HVSHFLDOO\LILWGLGQ¶WKHOSWRIXUWKHUWKHJRDOVRIWKHJURXS6RPHPHPEHUVXQGHUVWDQGDEO\WRRNWKLVTXLWHSHUVRQDOO\ DQGWKHUHZHUHVRPHGLVDJUHHPHQWVZKLFKLVW\SLFDORIDQ\JURXSVLWXDWLRQ


bib·li·og·ra·phy  >ELEOHHRJUXKIHH@ QRXQSOXUDOELEāOLāRJāUDāSKLHV

$FRPSOHWHRUVHOHFWLYHOLVWRIZRUNVFRPSLOHG XSRQVRPHFRPPRQSULQFLSOHDVDXWKRUVKLS VXEMHFWSODFHRISXEOLFDWLRQRUSULQWHU $OLVWRIVRXUFHPDWHULDOVWKDWDUHXVHGRU FRQVXOWHGLQWKHSUHSDUDWLRQRIDZRUNRUWKDWDUH referred to  in  the  text.


³'DQLHO/HH³0DQLPDOV´´'DQLHO/HH³0DQLPDOV´1SQG:HE2FWKWWSZZZGDQLHOOHHFRP! )XUXWR$OLVRQ³)OH[)OH[LEOH/HDUQLQJ(QYLURQPHQWV+0&$UFKLWHFWV´$SU$UFK'DLO\$FFHVVHG 2FWKWWSZZZDUFKGDLO\FRP! ³*RUGRQ0DWWD&ODUN´:LNLSHGLD:LNLPHGLD)RXQGDWLRQ1RY:HE2FWKWWSHQZLNLSHGLD RUJZLNL*RUGRQB0DWWD&ODUN! ³/HDUQLQJIURP1DWXUH7DNHVRQ1HZ,PSRUWDV:H3XUVXH0LWLJDWLRQ´/HDUQLQJIURP1DWXUH7DNHVRQ1HZ,P SRUWDV:H3XUVXH0LWLJDWLRQ3RVWPHGLD1HWZRUN1RY:HE2FWKWWSZZZFDQDGDFRP YDQFRXYHUVXQQHZVZHVWFRDVWKRPHVVWRU\KWPO"LG HGEEIDGF! 3DJQRWWD%ULDQ³$'&ODVVLFV0DLVRQGH9HUUH3LHUUH&KDUHDX%HUQDUG%LMYRHW´-XQ$UFK'DLO\ $FFHVVHG2FWKWWSZZZDUFKGDLO\FRP! 5RVHQ¿HOG.DULVVD³+RXVH1$6RX)XMLPRWR$UFKLWHFWV´$SU$UFK'DLO\$FFHVVHG2FW KWWSZZZDUFKGDLO\FRP! 6NRX]HU³7XUQLQJWKH3ODFHRYHU´<RX7XEH<RX7XEH-XQH:HE2FWKWWSZZZ\RXWXEH FRPZDWFK"Y $5-\K7G<! 7KH6LPRHV)DPLO\³7KH1HWKHUODQGV 7KH'XWFK&XOWXUH´<RX7XEH<RX7XEH2FW:HE2FW KWWSZZZ\RXWXEHFRPZDWFK"Y 'T040L<! ³7KH6RFLDO&RQWUDFW2U3ULQFLSOHVRI3ROLWLFDO5LJKW´6RFLDO&RQWUDFWE\-HDQ-DFTXHV5RXVVHDX1S QG:HE2FWKWWSZZZPDU[LVWVRUJUHIHUHQFHVXEMHFWHFRQRPLFVURXVVHDXVRFLDOFRQWUDFWLQGH[ KWP!



³7XOLSLQIRFRP´7XOLS,QIRWKH6LWH7KDW+DV$OOWKH,QIRUPDWLRQDERXW7XOLSV1SQG:HE2FW KWWSZZZWXOLSLQIRFRP!


man·i·fes·to  >PDQXKIHVWRK@ QRXQSOXUDOPDQāLāIHVāWRHV

DSXEOLFGHFODUDWLRQRILQWHQWLRQVRSLQLRQVREMHFWLYHVRUPRWLYHVDVRQHLVVXHGE\DJRYHUQPHQW VRYHUHLJQRURUJDQL]DWLRQ


,QWKHUHUHDGLQJRIWKHVWRU\LWZDVSURSRVHGWKDWWKHFKLOGUHQLQWKH0RELXVIDPLO\ZDQW WRJRDJDLQVW'XWFKFXOWXUHDQGZRUNIURPKRPHMXVWDVWKHLUSDUHQWVGLGZKHQWKH\ZHUH JURZLQJXS7KLVZRXOGPDNHLWGLI¿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 LIVINGVSDFHWORKINGVSDFHDQG CONNECTIONVSDFH7KHIDPLO\QHHGHGWROLYHDQGZRUNLQUHODWLYHSUR[LPLW\WRHDFK RWKHUEXWDOVRZDQWHGDVSDFHWRFRQQHFWVRPHZKHUHWKDWWHFKQRORJ\FRXOGEHOHIWEHKLQG DQGWKH\FRXOGHQMR\WLPHWRJHWKHULQWKHSUHVHQFHRIDQRWKHUHOHPHQWWKH\KDGOHIWEHKLQG QDWXUH LIVINGVSDFHZDVGH¿QHGDVDOOVSDFHVWKDWSURYLGHGWKHQHFHVVLWLHVIRUOLIHDSODFHWR VOHHSDSODFHWRHDWDSODFHWREDWKH%HFDXVHWKHQHHGWRKDYHWKHVHVSDFHVZRXOGQRW FKDQJHRYHUWLPHWKH\ZRXOGEHGH¿QHGDV¿[HGDQGLPPRELOH



WORKINGVSDFHZDVGH¿QHGDVWKHHQYLURQPHQWQHFHVVDU\WRZRUN7KHVHVSDFHVZHUH WKHRQO\SODFHVLQWKHKRXVHZKHUHWHFKQRORJ\ZRXOGEHSUHVHQW,QRUGHUWRZRUN HIIHFWLYHO\SHRSOHUHTXLUHGLIIHUHQWHQYLURQPHQWV6RPHSHRSOHKDYHQRSUREOHPV ZRUNLQJRQDODSWRSLQDFRIIHHVKRSZKLOHRWKHUVQHHGWREHFRPSOHWHO\LVRODWHGIURPDQ\ W\SHRIGLVWUDFWLRQ)RUWKLVUHDVRQWKHVHVSDFHVKDGWREHWKHPRVWÃ&#x20AC;H[LEOHZLWKLQWKH KRXVH(DFKDUHDZDVWKHPLQLPXPDPRXQWRIVSDFHQHFHVVDU\IRUDQDUFKLWHFWWRZRUN ZKLFKZDVGHWHUPLQHGWREHP:KHQRQHQHHGHGVROLWXGHDQGDEVROXWH FRQFHQWUDWLRQWKHQWKH\FRXOGFORVHWKHPVHOYHVRIILQRQHRIWKHVH³SRGV´EXWLIWKHUHZDV DPHHWLQJRUSHRSOHZDQWHGWRZRUNWRJHWKHUWKHVHSRGVFRXOGEHFRPELQHGDVWKH\ZRXOG KDYHDWOHDVWZDOOVZKLFKFRXOGEHUHWUDFWHGRUUHPRYHG7KHVHSRGVFRXOGEHPRYHG DURXQGWKHVLWHWRJHWHIIHFWLYHGD\OLJKWSULYDF\RUFRQQHFWLRQWRQDWXUHZKDWHYHURQHIHOW ZDVWKHEHVWFRQGLWLRQVWRZRUNRQWKDWSDUWLFXODUGD\


CONNECTION  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¿FLDOLQVHUWLRQFRPPHQWLQJEDFNRQWKHFUHDWLRQ RI³QDWXUH´LQ+ROODQG7KHKRXVHDVDZKROHEHFRPHVDFRPPHQWDU\RQWKHFXOWXUHDQG history  of  Holland. 7KHWXOLSVZHUHXVHGDVDV\PERORIQDWXUHLQWKLVKRXVHEHFDXVHWKH'XWFKDUHNQRZQIRU WKHLUWXOLSFXOWLYDWLRQDQGGLVWULEXWLRQWRWKHHQWLUHZRUOG7XOLSVDUHQRWQDWLYHWR+ROODQG WKRXJK6LQFHWKHHQWLUHW\RI+ROODQGZDVFUHDWHGE\UHPRYLQJZDWHUIURPORZO\LQJDUHDV DQGFUHDWLQJPDVVLYHGDPVZKDWLVQDWXUHLQ+ROODQG"7KH'XWFKZRXOGVHHDWUHHDQG VD\WKDWLWLVQDWXUDOEXWIURPWKHSHUVSHFWLYHRIDQ\RQHRXWVLGH+ROODQGWKH\ZRXOGVD\LW LVDUWL¿FLDO1RWKLQJLQ+ROODQGLVQDWLYHHYHU\WKLQJKDVEHHQLQWURGXFHGDWVRPHSRLQWLQWR WKHHQYLURQPHQW7KHUHIRUHLIWKHIDPLO\LVWUXO\WU\LQJWRFRQQHFWEDFNWRQDWXUHZKDWDUH WKH\FRQQHFWLQJWR" 7KHKRXVHEHFRPHVDFRPELQDWLRQRI¿[HG/,9,1*VSDFHVÃ&#x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


Manifesto of Re-Reading Villa Bollen  

Each student is asked to present a Manifesto of his/her work during the first part of the course from the 10th of September to the 19th of O...

Read more
Read more
Similar to
Popular now
Just for you