The Dreadful Dailies
Napoleon Bonaparte By: Hannah Wells Napoleon Bonaparte was a French military and political leader who rose to
Table of Contents:
prominence during the later stages of the French Revolution and its associated wars in Europe. Napoleon was born in 1769 and
Page 1: Napoleon Bonaparte Page 2: Stabbing of Marat Page 3: Advertisement Page 4: Storming the Bastille Page 5: Continuation of Storming the Bastille Page 6: Picture of Bastille Page 7: Reign of Terror Page 8: Crossword Puzzle Page 9: Continuation of Crossword Puzzle
died in 1821. He crowned himself Emperor of France in 1804. He ruled until 1815. During his reign, Napoleon took control of Italy, Naples, Spain, Holland, and German States. He made them pay taxes and serve his army. He had to sell some of his property in North America to help pay for wars. Napoleon made the Napoleonic code. The Napoleonic code talked about enlightenment ideas such as equality for all citizens and religious toleration. The Napoleonic code limited freedom of speech and press. It also made peace with the Catholic Church. Women lost many rights
gained during the revolution because of the Napoleonic code. During the reign of Napoleon, Spain overthrew France with the help of Britain. Alexander I of Russia ignored Napoleonâ€™s trade laws and dealt with G.B. Napoleon also attacked Russia and headed to Moscow with 600,000 troops. It got very cold and 400,000 froze to death. Russia, Prussia, Spain, England, and Austria attacked France. In 1814, Napoleon abdicated. After that, Louis XVIII made king and Napoleon was sent to Elba. The French territory reduced. Napoleon came back to France in 1815, and people feared he may regain former strength. Prussia, GB, and the Netherlands defeat him at Waterloo in June in 1815. Napoleon was arrested and exiled to Saint Helena. He died in 1821.
On July 13, 1793, Jean-Paul was stabbed to death at his home in Paris France. The killer was Charlotte Corday. Charlotte Corday was a Girondin from a minor aristocratic family and a political enemy of Marat who blamed him for the September Massacre. She gained entrance to Marat's rooms with a note promising details of a counter-revolutionary ring in Caen. Marat suffered from a skin condition that caused him to work from his bath. Corday stabbed Marat, who died. She did not attempt to flee, and was later tried and executed. Marat was a French revolutionary leader and a leader of the Montagnards. 2
The oldest child of Jean-Paul Marat, a native of Cagliari in Sardinia, and Louise Cabrol of Geneva, was born at Boudry, in the principality of NeuchĂ˘tel, on the 24th of May 1743. His father was a designer, who had abandoned his country and his religion, and married a Swiss Protestant. On his mother's death in 1759 Marat set out on his travels, and spent two years at Bordeaux in the study of medicine, after which be moved to Paris, where he made use of his knowledge of his two favorite sciences, optics and electricity, to subdue an obstinate disease of the eyes. After some years in Paris he went to Holland, and then on to London, where he practiced his profession. He will be buried at Saint Etienne-du-Mont Funeral home. Visitation will be from 4:00pm to 8:00pm on the 16th. The Funeral will be from 11:00am to 1:00pm on the 17th.
Attention! First estates finest are put to death. Finally! By: Natalie Ellzey
On January 20, 1793, Louis XVI was condemned to death by the National Convention and Marie on October 16, 1793. To prevent from getting caught, they dressed up as peasants and tried to get their lousy selves away from execution by fleeting to Paris. Theyâ€™re the ones to blame for the crisis that arose in France. Marie showed more respect than Louis did when he was killed. He stood up by the guillotine, and claimed he was an innocent man. Many say that it took two drops of the axe to sever Louis' head. After that they took his body to the cemetery to the Church of Madeleine. Before they were killed they cut their hair guillotine blade and drove them through the streets where people urinated on them, threw garbage, 3
dung, and other things at them. Blood spurt out of the body forward about 6 feet.
The assistant reached under the blood and grabbed the head and held it up saying, "Behold the head of a traitor." Marie Antoinette was executed in Paris, France and was convicted of treason which got her into the place of being guillotined. Marie was imprisoned in the Tower of the Temple, along with her husband, Louis XVI and their children also. Marie was found praying before she was taken to be executed. At 12:15 PM Marie Antoinette dies exactly two weeks before her 38th birthday. Her final moments were very crucial and timely, which gave her reason to remember why she was in the position
By Christopher McCarthy
Storming the Bastille
A few days ago, on July 14th, the brave men of our estate took what was needed to prepare to set this country even. They broke into the Bastille, a prison fortress, containing only seven prisoners. Ninety-eight attackers and one defender had died in the actual fighting. De Launay was seized and dragged towards the H么tel de Ville in a storm of abuse. Outside
the H么tel a discussion as to his fate began. The badly beaten de Launay shouted "Enough! Let me die!" De Launay was then stabbed repeatedly and fell, and his head was sawn off and fixed on a pike to be carried through the streets. The three officers of the permanent Bastille garrison were also killed by the crowd; surviving police reports detail their wounds and clothing. Their officer, Lieutenant Louis de Flue, wrote a detailed report on the defense of the Bastille which was incorporated in the logbook of the SalisSamade and has survived. It is critical of the dead Marquis de Launay, whom de Flue accuses of weak and indecisive leadership. The blame for the fall of the Bastille would rather appear to lie with the inertia of the commanders of the substantial force of Royal Army troops encamped on the Champs de Mars, who made no effort to intervene when the nearby H么tel des Invalides or the Bastille were attacked. The citizenry of Paris, expecting a counterattack, entrenched the streets, built barricades of paving stones, and armed themselves as well as they could, especially with improvised pikes. Meanwhile, at Versailles, the Assembly remained ignorant of most of the Paris events.
By: Brittany Calloway
Reign of Terror Reign of Terror lasted from September 1793 until the fall of Robespierre in 1794. Its purpose was to rid France of enemies of the Revolution and protect the country from foreign invaders. From January 1793-July 1794, France was governed by the Committee of Public Safety, in which Danton and Robespierre were influential members. In the course of nine months, 16, 000 people were guillotined, but executions of those labeled "internal enemies" of France took place throughout the country. During this time there was a shift in power within the committee from Danton to Robespierre. Danton had a strong physical presence and was an incredible public speaker, while Robespierre was less passionate.
However, Robespierre was a hard worker who was very ambitious. He blindly believed in the work of Rousseau, who argued that men are all born good at heart and are corrupted by society. It was these beliefs that caused him to continue the Terror even when it was no longer necessary. French public opinion shifted dramatically after Robespierreâ€™s death. People of the classes were getting tired of the terror and the skyrocketing prices for bread, salt, and other necessities of life. In 1795, moderate leaders in the National Convention drafted a new plan of government, which was the third since 1789. This plan placed power firmly in the upper middle class and called house legislature and an executive body of five men, known as the Directory. They gave their country a period of order. They also found the right general to command the French armies, which was Napoleon Bonaparte.
Across 7. Oath taken by deputies of the Third Estate in the French Revolution Down 1. Began in 1789, overthrew the absolute monarchy of the Bourbons and the system of aristocratic privileges, and ended with Napoleon's overthrow of the Directory and seizure of power in 1799. 2. Body drawn from the three â€˜estatesâ€™ into which society had been theoretically divided
3. March began among women in the marketplaces of Paris who, on the morning of 5 October 1789 4. A palace built in the 17th century for Louis XIV southwest of Paris near the city of Versailles 5. The body constituted by the French Third Estate in June 1789 after the calling of the Estates General. It was dissolved in Sept 1791 to be replaced by the new Legislative Assembly 6. Was a military and political leader during the French Revolution 8. Member of an extremist or radical political group