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INR 100


Year.14 | Issue - 02 | February - 2017

 Achievements of KAMDHENU GAUSHALA  Mother Dairy looks at east-west to fight rivals  Dairy fund to open up investment opportunities, boost capacity  Budget should boost dairy growth through private sector

:Devendra Shah, Parag Milk Foods

From the Pen of Chief Editor Dairy Sector's Star Position In Budget 2017



A1 and A2 Milk production in India – An Overview

Dr. J Tamizhkumaran

Managing Director

M.VSc., PGDEP., Ph.D. (Ph.D in Veterinary & Animal Husbandry Extension Education)

General Manager + 91 999 170 5005

9 “Prevention & Treatment of Acidosis in Dairy Cattle and Small Ruminants”


Benefits of Cow Desi Ghee

16 Achievements Of Kamdhenu Gaushala








Ayurvet Limitied


Godrej Agrovet






Vishal Gupta

N.K. Gupta


Advances In Milk Quality Control

Upcoming Event



Union Finance Minister Arun Jaitley announced that the total allocation for rural, agricultural and allied sectors for 2017­18 is a record Rs 1.87 Lac crore which is 24% above from what was allocated last year. 'Dairy India', an industry publication, has pegged the Indian market for milk and dairy products – in terms of the value paid by consumers – at around Rs 5.25 Lac crores in 2015. With promise to boost Dairy economy, present Govt. announced earmarking of Rs.8000 crores for this sector. It is necessary as felt for a long time by Dairy Industry that infrastructure created four decades ago needed overhauling. It was the demand of the dairy sector as the existing infrastructure had become obsolete. The co­operative sector did not have funds to invest. The infrastructure created during the Operation Flood movement had become 30 to 40 years old­ was the statement of R.S. Sodhi, Managing Director of Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (AMUL). The Union Budget announced creation of Dairy Infrastructure Development Fund of Rs 8000 crore over next three years which Nabard ­the apex rural bank, (National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development) will streamline. In the first year, the government announced to give Rs 2000 crore. Sodhi feels that this is a huge investment and will help create an additional rural income of Rs 50,000 crore per annum. It will have a multiplier effect on the rural economy and especially the dairy sector. This is the first time after independence that such a large fund has been allocated for the dairy sector Industry stalwarts are of the opinion that the current domestic milk processing capacity is about 850 LLPD (Lac Liters per day). That included 450 LLPD of private dairies and 400 LLPD of cooperatives. It is suggested by industry that the benefits of this fund should be extended to private dairies also and it should not be limited to just cooperatives, as it was during Operation Flood. Most of the capacities in the last decade or more have come up under the private sector, without any government assistance. “The target for agricultural credit in 2017­18 has been fixed at a record level of Rs 10 lakh crore,” Jaitley said in his Budget speech. An additional incentive of 3 per cent is provided to farmers for prompt repayment of loans within due date, making an effective interest rate for them at 4 per cent. To help farmers get better value for their produce, he said that a model law on contract farming will be circulated among states. Additionally, Jaitley reiterated the government's earlier goal of bringing in more regulated agriculture markets on the electronic National Agriculture Market (e­NAM) platform. Bringing dairying in the ambit of digitalization will help dairy farmers get more profits. For that purpose spread of internet access is inevitable. It is hoped that with better infra structure coming up fast, there will be better flow of information and produce.

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Dr. Mohanlal Shende BVSc&AH ,PGDBIM

Rakesh Kumar Founder - Growel Agrovet Private Limited

Anshul Bhatia Marketing Manager + 91 999 170 5004

Dr. Sanjay K Latkar Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd Mumbai

Dr. Rabi Ranjan Naik Website :

M.VSc.Scholar, Department of Livestock Prouducts Technology, Madras veterinary collage, TANUVAS, Chennai


A1 and A2 Milk production in India – An Overview Dirisala Venkata Sivaji¹, Tamizhkumaran. J ²* 1 Post Graduate Scholar, 2 Teaching Assistant, Department of Veterinary and Animal Husbandry Extension, Rajiv Gandhi Institute of Veterinary Education and Research, Kurumabapet, Pondicherry – 605 009

Science behind A1 and A2 milk

Dirisala Venkata Sivaji Introduction The present talk of the hour is all about A1 and A2 milk. India being a highest milk producer in the world it is important to analyse the status of A1 and A2 milk produced by India. Though scientifically thereare no evidence to prove that A1 milk is harmful to human beings, It is important to be aware about the details of A1 and A2 milk production in India. Production by Mass is the concept widely noticed in India. The landless and marginal farmers own two or three cows which in turn results in the overall milk production in India. What is A1 and A2 milk ? Casein is the largest group of proteins present in milk, making up about 80% of the total protein content.There are several types of casein in milk, and beta-casein is the second most common. Beta-casein exists in at least 13 different forms. The two most common forms of beta-casein are A1 beta-casein Milk from breeds of cows that originated in northern Europe is generally high in A1 betacasein. A1 milk comes from breeds like the Holstein Friesian, Ayrshire and British Shorthorn.

Tamizhkumaran J A2 beta-casein Milk that is high in A2 beta-casein is mainly found in breeds that originated in the Channel Islands and Southern France. This includes breeds like the Guernsey, Jersey, Charolais and Limousin. Regular milk contains both A1 and A2 beta-casein, but A2 milk contains only A2 beta-casein. Some studies indicate that A1 betacasein may be harmful, and that A2 beta-casein is a safer choice. This is the reason for the “A1 vs A2” debate. Status of A1 and A2 Milk Production in India Total milk production in Indiawas estimated to be 146.3 million tons in 2015. Major contribution of milk comes from Buffalo, Native breeds and Cross breeds from India. Since majority of the cross bred animals are from Jersey, we c a n s a y almost 80 per cent of the milk produced in India is A2 milk. Breed

The health problems are believed to be caused by a tiny protein fragment formed when we digest A1 beta-casein, a mutated protein in the milk. Milk that does not contain this mutated protein is called A2 milk. The beta-casein proteins found in cow's milk are made of a string of 209 amino acids all linked together. The difference between A1 and A2 amazingly is just one of those amino acids. With A1 milk, number 67 is a histidine instead of a proline. The proline binds very tightly to the amino acids on either side of it where the histidine does not. The histidine breaks off forming a peptide of a string of 7 amino acids called beta-casomorphin7. Casomorphins have opioid (narcotic) properties and are not digested well by some people. This apparently can possibly lead to health issues in certain individuals. Is it really harmful ? A group of Russian researchers reported that effect on muscle and brain development in children's. Another report, published in the Indian Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism in 2012, indicates that it is associated as a risk factor for type-1 diabetes, coronary heart disease and mental disorders like autism

Percentage in total population

Contribution in total milk production

Contribution in A1 and A2 milk

Crossbred/exotic cow



A1 milk

Indigenous / native cow



A2 milk



53% 06

and schizophrenia may cause digestive Disorders like irritable bowel syndrome. Other than these researches there are no strong evidence to prove that A1 milk is harmful. Hence, the difference is only in the protein (amino acid) and its safe for consumption.

breed in India. Imagine this - the Gir cow, which is a Gujarati breed, is now being imported from Brazil and the Brahmi Bull, which is another pure breed, is more popular in Australia. It's ironic that people in these countries a r e drinking b e t t e r quality milk from cows native to o u r country


Boost good cholesterol

We need to start somewhere. The growing incidence of lifestyle diseases is a warning to us. The desi Indian cow is a very unique species and needs to be conserved. You can recognize them because of the hump on their back and long horns. Studies have shown that the rays of sun enter the body of the cow through the hump which makes their milk, dung and urine medicinal. If they are not exposed to the sun, they will not get the Vitamin D required to produce calcium in milk.


Quickly digestible in nature

The bottom line


Rich source of β- carotene


Enhances the immunity


Rich source of minerals

“In the medical world, it is still a question mark as most studies have been conducted on animals but it has been found that A2 milk contains more Omega-3 fatty acidswhich are good for your health. In a country which is predominantly vegetarian, milk is a very important source of nutrition. More and more people are going back to the milk procured from native breeds like Sahiwal from Punjab, Gir from Gujarat, and Tharparkar from Rajasthan. It's sad to know that Vechur, one of the healthiest breeds of desi cows from Kerala, is on the brink of extinction

Benefits of A2 milk By drinking of A2 milk, one is no longer exposed to BCM-7 found in A1 milk which has been linked to Type 1 diabetes, Heart disease A2 milk has the benefits like

How it all began ? It all began in 1970 when Operation Flood was launched by the National Dair y Development board which transformed India from a milk deficient nation into the largest milk producer in the world. It led to cross-breeding with European cows and import of foreign hybrid breeds for higher yield in order to meet the goal of mass production. This has brought us to a situation today where the desi cow has become a dying

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In India some companies like Amul, back2basics farm in Gurgaon, vita in Haryana, the Indus milk company in Bangalore, 4s company in Delhi produced the A2 milk Conclusion The A1/A2 debate is still up in the air.A few studies indicate that A1 beta-casein may have adverse effects in certain individuals.However, the evidence is still too weak for any strong conclusions to be made.There is no much of a difference in A1 and A2 milk which is not being proved scientifically, which as only few harmful effects in human beings that too in European countries. According to existing information provided by DAHD it is clear that majority of the milk produced in India comes under A2 milk. In order to preserve our Native Germplasm it is high time to bring a change in the breeding policy to encourage our own native breeds which as a good tract records in Indian conditions.

In India’s most preferred Dairy Magazines

INR 100


Year.13 | Issue - 12 | December-2016

Postal Regn. No. PKL-62/2014-2016


ADVANCES IN MILK QUALITY CONTROL Dr. Rabi Ranjan Naik M.V.Sc.Scholar, Department of Livestock Products Technology, Madras veterinary college, TANUVAS,Chennai – 600007 Corresponding author:

Introduction The development of new and increasingly sophisticated techniques for the authentication of food products continues apace with increasing consumer awareness of food safety and authenticity issues. Food authentication is also of concern to food processors that do not wish to be subjected to unfair competition from unscrupulous processors who would gain an economic advantage from the misrepresentation of the food they are selling. The rights of consumers and genuine food processors in terms of food adulteration and fraudulent or deceptive practices in food processing are set out in a recent European Union regulation regarding food safety and traceability. Consolidation and increased scale of dairy product manufacturing has driven the development of new, faster methods of analysis for composition and quality control. Sensory and instrumental analyses of the attributes of dairy foods are used to judge the success of quality control before the product is sent to the consumer, with the ultimate sensory evaluation done by the consumer. Although detecting, identifying the cause of, and correcting p ro d u c t d e f e c t s w i l l a l w a y s b e important in dairy food manufacturing, modern instrumental and sensory approaches allow the optimization of the desirable attributes of a product and the development of new products that fit a product attribute profile of a potential market segment. Sensory analysis of dairy foods has evolved from a defect identification-oriented system to an attribute intensity scaling approach that quantitatively describes many dimensions of a product's characteristics. Lawless and Heymann indicated in 1999 that data from sensory methods, such as quantitative

descriptive analyses (QDA) when combined with objective measures of chemical (e.g., gas chromatography olfactometry, GCO) or physical (e.g., rheological measurements such as dynamic mechanical analysis) characteristics of a product can be used to define and optimize dairy food product characteristics for different market segments. The combined sensory and instrumental data can then be analysed with more advanced statistical protocols such as principal component analysis. SPECTROSCOPIC TECHNIQUES M I R a n d N I R s p e c t ro s c o p y I R spectroscopy is a rapid and nondestructive technique for the authentication of food samples. Analysis of a food sample using the MIR spectrum (4000–400 cm-1) reveals information about the molecular bonds present and can therefore give details of the types of molecules present in the food. NIR spectroscopy utilises the spectral range from 14,000 to 4000 cm1 and provides much more complex structural information related to the vibrational behaviour of combinations of bonds. These techniques are suited for use in an industrial setting due to their ease of use and the relatively low financial cost of obtaining and running the equipment. The IR studies discussed here all employed some form of chemo metric analysis, resulting in powerful analytical techniques, which have been successfully employed in classification studies for a wide variety of food products. F o o d s t h a t h a v e re c e n t l y b e e n effectively tested for adulteration using NIR spectroscopy include fruit purees, juices, maple syrup, honey, Echinacea root, milk powder and fishmeal. Differentiation of wines on the basis of

grape variety yielded correct classification levels of up to 100%. Mid-IR spectroscopy is the preferred method for milk and dairy product analysis. This is due to the fact that almost every chemical substance (apart from some salts and very simple chemical compounds) has its own distinctive spectrum. Only substances occurring in very low concentrations can be difficult to determine, as the noise level of the method might be encountered in such a case. The main disadvantage of mid-IR spectroscopy on aqueous samples is the strong absorptions of water. The O-H bending band (at approx. 1650 cm-1) effectively obscures potentially useful absorptions from e.g.protein,ureaandacetone. The advantages of NIR are its ability to use longer path lengths than mid-IR, and that the optical equipment used is much simpler. For example, optical fibres made from quartz glass can be used. The main disadvantage is the low sensitivity of the signal compared to what is obtained from mid-IR. Thus, low concentration components cannot be expected to be determined by use of NIR. Raman spectroscopy is the measurement of the wavelength and intensity of in elastically scattered light from molecules, some of which is scattered at a different wavelength. This in elastically scattered light is called Raman scatter. The particular molecule and its environment will determine what Raman signals will be observed. R a m a n s p e c t ro s c o p y p o s s e s s e s advantages forthe analysis of food samples such as high sensitivity to C=C, and C=N bonds, low sensitivity to water and high selectivity to inorganic substances (salts). Theseadvantages result in its potential use for niche applications in the food industry. 09

Raman spectroscopy has the advantage of being able to handle sample which cannot be introduced into the narrow mid-IR cuvette. Studies on milk powders and cream by use of FTRaman have been carried out. Raman spectroscopy has been employed in edible oil authentication. By combining Raman spectroscopy and chemo metric analysis, the detection of adulteration of milk with edible oil. Qualitative measurements of cream were also carried out. This gave very reproducible spectra being very similar to milk spectra. This also indicates that the Raman spectrum mainly detects fat and changes therein. NMR spectroscopy involves the analysis of the energy absorption by atomic nuclei with non-zero spins in the presence of a magnetic field. The energy absorptions of the atomic nuclei are affected by the nuclei of surrounding molecules, which cause small local modifications to the external magnetic field. NMR spectroscopy can therefore provide detailed information about the molecular structure of a food sample, given that the obser ved interactions of an individual atomic nucleus are dependent on the atoms surrounding it. High-resolution NMR (HR-NMR; utilises frequencies above 100 MHz) has been applied in many more food authenticity studies than low-resolution NMR (LRNMR; uses frequencies of 10–40 MHz). The advantage of HR-NMR over LRNMR is that it is possible to obtain much more detailed information regarding the molecular structure of a food sample using HR-NMR. The major disadvantage of HR-NMR is that it is one of the most expensive analytical techniques to employ, both in terms of the initial capital outlay and running costs. Milk samples have been authenticated in terms of their geographic origin within the Apulia region in southern Italy with correct classification levels of 100%. Characterisation of animal products (milk from dairy cows and

meat from steers) according to geographic origin and feeding diet was successfully carried out using nuclear magnetic resonance and isotope ratio mass spectrometry. The determination of the geographic origin of specific types of cheeses, cereal products and lamb were also successfully carried out.A standard method for the determination of the solid fat content of fats and oils (Official methods and re c o m m e n d e d p r a c t i c e s of t h e American Oil Chemists' Society, 1996). Fluorescent and UV-VIS spectroscopy While there has been a steady growth in food authentication applications for NIR, MIR and Raman spectroscopy, there has been very little research carried out using either fluorescent or UV–VIS spectroscopy for this purpose. It is clear that the potential of UV, and fluorescent, spectroscopy for food authentication has not been fully investigated and that future research may lead to the development of more applications for these techniques, which possess the advantages of being quick and relatively inexpensive to carry out. Major components in milk , only proteins (due to the tyrosine, tryptophan and phenylalanine side chains, as well as the amide bond) are expected to contribute to the UV/VIS spectrum. The advantages of UV/VIS spectroscopy is its high repeatability, sensitivity, and the almost complete absence of interferences, as few chemical compounds absorb in this region. This means that compounds showing UV/VIS absorptions will be detected with a high accuracy. At the same time the equipment is relatively simple and low-cost. The main disadvantage of the method is its low information content, as it is difficult to base a multi-component analysis on such signals. In addition, light scattering might cause problems. T h e a d va n t a g e of fl u o re s c e n c e spectroscopy is the absence of

interferences and that higher-order data can be obtained from it. The most severe disadvantage is the strong dependence on light scatter, and there are no means for making mathematical corrections (as in e.g. NIR or UV/VIS), because no information on the amount of scatter is contained in the spectrum. Chromatographic Techniques Liquid and gas chromatography are capable of separating and enabling identification of almost any type of molecule present in a food sample. Liquid chromatography, in particular HPLC, can detect compounds such as proteins, amino acids, phenolic compounds and carbohydrates, while GC is more suited to the analysis of naturally volatile or semi-volatile molecules. The principal disadvantage of the two techniques relates to their use in conjunction with chemo metrics. Gas chromatography The detection of adulteration of milk samples with edible oils using GC has focussed on c o m p a r i s o n of t h e i r f a t t y a c i d composition. Gas Chromatographyfor mastitis pathogen identification has great potential for use in laboratories as a routine screening tool. Screening of volatile metabolites has several advantages compared to standard bacteriological analysis. The faster analysis gives the farmer a quick indication of the (group of) pathogens causing mastitis which can be used for decisions on the treatment. Sometimes the results are conclusive at this stage, either the specific pathogen or the absence of pathogens is detected. If, however, the headspace analysis is inconclusive, subsequent microbial culturing may be necessary. Based on the headspace results, however, standard microbial culturing can be refined. If for example the presence of a group of pathogens is detected based o n t h e h e a d s pa c e re s u l t s ( e . g . streptococci), specific microbial plates


can be selected, limiting the number of microbial plates that need to be used. At this point in time, it is not expected that the method will completely replace bacteriological culturing. For example, the inability to distinguish the two streptococci species is a limitation. Also, screening of pathogens for antibiotic resistance will probably still rely on bacteriological culturing methods. However, the described headspace method has great potential as a screening tool for mastitis, especially because of its cost and speed. High Performance Liquid Chromatography The number of new applications of HPLC in food authenticity is low for recent years, nevertheless there have been some applications repor ted for the technique. HPLC analysis of the whey protein blacto globulin has enabled detection of the adulteration of ovine and caprine cheese with bovine milk at levels as low as 2% v/v, and of caprine milk with bovine milk. Advances in recent years that may increase the ease with which these chromatographic techniques can be applied to industrial food authentication. The time of analysis for GC can be greatly reduced by using GC-TOFMS but this technique has found limited applications to date in the area of food authenticity, principally due to the cost of acquiring and running a GC-MS system. Electronic Nose technology is based on the detection by an array of semiselective gas sensors of the volatile compounds present in the headspace of a food sample. Advantages of electronic nose technology include the relatively small amount of sample preparation that is involved and the speed of analysis. However, this technique employs sensors that are not very selective for particular types of compounds thus preventing any real identification or quantitation of individual compounds present in a food sample. Such a drawback has obvious implications for

food authentication, as an adulterant could not be definitively identified. Despite its drawbacks, electronic nose technology remains an area of research that holds much potential for future development. It is a rapid means of analysis, can be easily used in conjunction with chemo metrics have a good degree of success in the authentication of a wide range of food types.

antibodies or antisera can be manufactured to respond specifically to the protein of interest, thereby enabling recognition and quantitation of that protein exclusively. The disadvantages of the ELISA approach include the initial difficulty in producing an antibody specific to a particular protein. However, this is a relatively minor difficulty to overcome when the selectivity of the technique is taken into account.

Dna-based Technology The growth in recent years of research into food authentication methods based on the analysis of the DNA present has been due in no small part to the public health concern associated with the BSE crisis. The majority of work related to exploiting DNA analysis has focussed on using PCR to amplify the specific areas of DNA of interest. The principle of PCR is that specific lengths of DNA can be copied enough times to provide a sufficient amount of that area of DNA to be analysed using a variety of methods with electropheretic techniques being the most frequently used.

Recent research using ELISA-based techniques include detecting the presence of meat from different species in food products and the presence of vegetable proteins in milk powder. There have also been promising results for the use of ELISA to differentiate milk from different species, as well as to detect the adulteration of sheep and goat milk with cow milk at levels as low as 0.1%. This technique holds much potential for the authentication of food products but, to date, limited advances have been made in extending its authentication capabilities.

The greatest amount of research on the application of PCR for the authentication of food samples involves the analysis of meat and meatbased products, including fish. It has been shown that it is possible to detect adulteration of minced beef with chicken and pork meat. Differentiation between meat samples from different b re e d s of c a t t l e h a s a l s o b e e n successfully demonstrated using the technique. The analysis of minced lamb using real-time PCR enabled the detection of the addition of minced beef at a level of 2% (w/w).

Thermal Techniques Differential scanning calorimeter (DSC) allows the physical changes that occur upon heating a food sample to be determined. Such changes include the glass transition point. The technique possesses the advantages of being relatively quick and simple to carry out, with relatively little sample preparation n e c e s s a r y. I n t e r m s o f f o o d authentication, the majority of work involving DSC analysis has focussed on fats and oils. DSC has proven successful at the detection of adulteration of lard and beef tallow in canola oil.

Immunological Technology The majority of repor ted studies on immunological techniques for food authentication concern the use ofELISA. This technique involves the cultivation of antibodies or antisera that are capable of binding to a protein of interest, thereby enabling the detection of that protein, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The major advantage of this approach is that

Sensory Analysis Historically, dairy product judging and the American Dairy Science Association (ADSA) scorecard system have been used as the basis for sensory evaluation of dairy products but these approaches did not serve research and product developers very well. Although the ADSA scorecard serves an important purpose for the dairy industry, particularly in the identification of defects, Bodyfelt 11

indicated in 1981 that the scorecard is relatively subjective. McBride and Hall in 1979 and Lawless and Claasen in 1 9 9 3 s u g g e s te d t h a t t h e A D S A scorecard approach may not be very useful in quantitatively characterizing the relative intensity of positive attributes of a product or detecting interactions. Quantitative descriptive analysis was developed in the 1970s. Lawless and Heymann discussed QDA in 1999 as a quantitative method yielding data suitable for statistical analysis and therefore of value for research, development, and basic sensor y science but more expensive than the scorecard approach. For a particular type of product, panellists (10 to 12) are given a group of similar products that exhibit the type of variation in attributes likely to be encountered in the population. Panellists, along with a facilitating sensory scientist, develop a lexicon of descriptive terms that allow panellists to describe the difference in attributes among the samples. Where possible, groups of samples showing a range of intensities of each specific attribute are part of the training to allow panellists to practice intensity scaling judgments. The trained panel is then used to collect data in a specific experimental design. Data on multiple attributes can be analyzed in spider plots to provide a fingerprint of multiple attributes of a product. Principal component analysis can be used to identify the principal components that differentiate populations of samples. Drake and coworkers published in 2001 an example of this approach for sensory analysis of Cheddar cheese. Instrumental Analysis The rapid evolution of instrumental methods that inter face with olfactor y sensor y detection has brought a new dimension to the coupling of sensory science and chemical analysis. Acree and coworkers reported in 1984 that the development of GCO approaches to characterization

and quantification of the aroma profile of food products has brought a powerful new tool to sensory science. For example, a food may have hundreds of different volatile compounds that can be separated and detected by gas chromatography but only a small number of those compounds may elicit a sensory response in a human. Flow splitters and column effluent conditioners have allowed persons to evaluate each peak by sniffing as it is eluted from the chromatograph, to assign a descriptive term to the retention index, and in some cases, to indicate an intensity or time of persistence of the aroma. In addition, the individual peaks that have a detectable aroma can be isolated and analyzed by mass spectrophotometry to determine their structure and identification, as demonstrated in 2003 by Karagu¨ l-Yu¨ cheer and coworkers forliquid whey. In 2004, Carpino and coworkers used this approach to identify specific compounds and relate them to the results of QDA analysis. It has been proposed that unique compounds in specific cheese varieties are derived from the consumption of local forages and could be used as biomarkers to authenticate the origin of protected cheese varieties. Summary Over the past 25 yrs., the development of high-speed instrumental testing methods to measure milk and dair y product composition provided the motivation for improvement of the analytical performance of classical chemical analysis methods that form the basis for instrument calibration and validation. Harmonized statistical procedures and study designs have allowed validation of uniform testing methods that can be used worldwide. Overnight, refrigerated shipping of perishable samples has allowed the development of multiple laboratory proficiency testing programs. This has improved method and laboratory performance on reference and secondary methods

for analysis of dairy foods. Although the shipping of proficiency testing and calibration samples between continents is more problematicdue to customs restrictions, approaches to maintain linkages of proficiency testing systems among different areas of the world will become more important in the future. There will be continued development of statistical methods to quantify uncertainty in analytical results and approaches to document and maintain traceability of instrument performance. Uniformity in testing methods, documented analytical performance of laboratories through participation in proficiency testing, and m a i n t e n a n c e of t r a c e a b i l i t y t o reference standards will become more important as international trade of dairy products increases. In sensory science, there will be continued development of analytical methods to provide more objective measures of the sensory characteristics of dairy foods. The development of GCO; combined with gas chromatography/ mass spectrometry is an example of the development of analytical tools that can be correlated with aroma and odour perception of foods. Future development of rapid analytical methods, such as liquid chromatography coupled with mass spectrometry for protein and peptide sequence analysis, will increase our understanding of the complex processes of production of peptides and flavour development in natural cheeses. Degradation of proteins and amino acids ultimately produce aroma compounds detected by GCO. Methods for peptide analysis may also enable the identification of peptides in dairy food products that have biological activity. The combination of these analytical techniques will allow improved understanding of the biological processes that produce the flavour and nutritional characteristics of aged natural cheeses. There has been a great deal of research 12 


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into the development of new applications for existing analytical and chemo metric techniques for food authentication since 2001. However, it must be stated that, despite this ongoing research, those involved in carrying out food fraud are also continuing to develop new ways of circumventing accepted techniques for food authentication. The majority of recent applications have occurred within the areas of newer technologies such as SNIFNMR, IRMS and DNA-based technologies. The techniques of SNIF-NMR and IRMS have the principal advantage of being practically impossible to outwit, due to the dual specificity of the atoms analysed and the location of those atoms in molecules within the food sample. On the other hand, these techniques are not likely to find widespread application in the food industry unless the instrument and running costs are lowered. The DNA based techniques have particular potential for use in the authentication of food samples of animal origin, such as species determination in meat products. Yet, DNA analysis has its pitfalls with regards to food authentication. An example of this is the removal by DNA digestion techniques of pork protein before injection of pork into chicken products, thus rendering protein and DNA analysis obsolete in t h e a u t h e n t i c a t i o n of p ro d u c t s adulterated in this way. IR spectroscopy has been shown to be a sensitive and rapid technique in the authentication of a wide variety of food samples, with the advantage of being easy to use in conjunction with chemo metric analysis for more definitive classification of food samples. NMR spectroscopy, despite it very high level of specificity and accuracy in food characterisation, has similar impediments in terms of financial costs associated with it to SNIF-NMR and IRMS for online applications. The use of immunological techniques could

possibly provide a useful alternative to DNA analysis in such cases. Developments in GC technology, such as GCTOFMS, have led to great reductions in the analysis times for food samples, with chromatographic runs lasting only a few minutes. This technique has possible industrial potential, although the use of MS detection would vastly increase the cost. Electronic nose technology has the advantage of being relatively cheap, quick and easy to operate. This technique is not very well developed yet and problems still exist regarding the sensors used in the electronic nose instrumentation, such as sensor poisoning and a lack of specificity. If these obstacles can be overcome, it is possible that electronic nose technology could find many industrial applications in the area of food authentication and quality assurance. Thermal analysis for food authentication has not received much research attention and therefore remains an area for future development. References Bania, J., Ugorski, M., Po l a n o w s k i , A . , & A d a m c z y k , E . , (2001).Application of polymerase chain reaction for detection of goats'milk adulteration by milk of cow. Journal of Dairy Research, 68,333–336. Barbano, D.M. and Lynch,J.M.,(2006). Major advances in testing of dairy products: milkcomponent and dairy attribute testing, J. Dairy Sci, 89: 1189-1194. Bauer-Christoph, C., Christoph, N., Aguilar-Cisneros, B. O., Lopez,M. G., Richling, E., Rossmann, A., (2003). Authenticationof tequila by gas chromatography and stable isotope ratioanalyses. European Food Research and Technology, 217:438–443. Carpino, S., Mallia,S., LaTerra, S., M e l i l l i , C . , L i c i t r a , G . , A c r e e , T. E.,Barbano,D. M., and Van Soest,P. J.,(2004b). Composition and aroma compounds of Ragusano cheese: Native pasture and TMR. J. Dairy Sci.,87:816–830.

Lee, M. H., & Ling, Y. C., (2004). Quantification of cow milk adulteration in goat milk using high-performance liquid chromatography with electro spray ionization mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, 18:1167–1171. Contal, L., Leon, V., & Downey, G., (2002). Detection andquantification of apple adulteration in strawberry and raspberrypurees using visible and near infrared spectroscopy. Journal of near Infrared Spectroscopy, 10:289–299. Drake, M. A., McIngvale,S. C.,Gerard, P. D.,Cadwallader,K. R. andCiville,G. V.,(2001). Development of a descriptive language for Cheddar cheese. J. Food Sci.,66:1422–1427. Ferreira, I., &Cacote, H., (2003). Detection and quantification ofbovine, ovine and caprine milk percentages in protecteddenomination of origin cheeses by reversed-phase highperformanceliquid chromatography of beta- lactoglobulins. Journal of Chromatography, 10: 111–118. Hansen, P.W., (1998). Spectroscopic analyses on dairy products, Dept. of Dairy and Food Science, The Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University. Kelly, J. F. D., Downey, G., &Fouratier, V., (2004). Initial study ofhoney adulteration using midinfrared (MIR) spectroscopy andchemo metrics. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry, 52: 33-39. Lawless, H. T., and Heymann,H.,(1999). Sensory Evaluation of Foods: Principles and Practices. Aspen Publishers, Inc. Gaithersburg, MD.Official Journal of the European Communities; Article 8, Regulation (EC) No. 178/2002D. Reid, L.M., O'DonellC.P. and Downey, G . , ( 2 0 0 6 ) . Re c e n t te c h n o l o g i c a l advances for determination of food authenticity, Trends in Food Science & Technology, 17: 344-353.

Chen, R. K., Chang, L.W., Chung, Y. Y.,


“Prevention & Treatment of Acidosis in Dairy Cattle and Small Ruminants” Dr. Santosh Shinde , Dr. Sanjay K Latkar, Dr. Amit Singh & Dr. S. Midhun Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd Mumbai,, Email:

In a normal, healthy rumen, lactic acid production equals lactic acid use. Thus, lactic acid is rarely detectable in a healthy rumen. However, a number of different factors can easily lead to an imbalance in lactic acid metabolism resulting in acute or sub-acute acidosis. Etiology a. Diet too high in fermentable carbohydrates b. Too high concentrate: Forage ratio c. Too fast a switch from high forage to high concentrate d. Too fast a switch from silage to high levels of green chop forage e. Low fiber content in diet f. Diet composed of very wet and highly fermented feeds g. Too finely chopped forage h. Over mixed TMR resulting in excess particle size reduction i. Mycotoxins One of the most common causes of acidosis occurs when switching from a high fiber to high concentrate diet that is rich in fermentable carbohydrates (starches and sugars). Large amounts of starch and sugar stimulate bacteria that make lactic acid. In this instance, bacteria that normally use lactic acid cannot keep up with production. The amount of acidity in the rumen is measured by pH readings. The optimal

rumen pH should be between 6.2 and 6.7, but there is daily fluctuation below this level even in healthy cows. Lactic acid is about ten times a stronger acid than the other rumen acids and causes the rumen pH to decrease. As the rumen pH drops below 6.0, bacteria that digest fiber begin to die and thus, fiber digestion is depressed. Because the end products of fiber digestion are used for milk fat synthesis, a drop in milk fat test is a sure sign of acidosis. In, addition, the accumulation of acid causes an influx of water from the tissues into the gut and thus a common sign of acidosis is diarrhea. If the rumen pH continues to decline and falls below 5.5, many other normal healthy rumen bacteria also begin to die. As lactic acid accumulates, it is absorbed and lowers the pH of the blood. High levels of acid in the gut can also cause ulcers in the rumen resulting in infiltration of bacteria into the blood that can cause liver abscesses. Endo-toxins resulting from high acid production in the rumen also affects blood capillaries in the hoof, causing them to constrict resulting in laminitis. Sub-acute acidosis is also characterized by cycling intake because animals eat less during times of distress, then if the rumen adapts, their appetite returns. If blood pH drops too low, this can result in death of the animal in acute acidosis. Another common cause of acidosis is having diets too low in effective fiber or too small particle size. When animals don't chew their cud normally, lack of saliva (that contains a natural buffer) contributes to low rumen pH.In some cases it is found that some mycotoxins can alter the metabolism of lactic acid causing it to build up and cause acidosis. This may explain why acidosis and laminitis are also commonly observed when mycotoxins are a problem.

Common Symptoms 

Low milk fat test; < 3.0 to 3.3%

Sore hooves; laminitis

Cycling feed intake


Liver abscesses

Low rumen pH (< 5.8) in 30 to 50% of animals tested

Limited cud chewing

Rumenel Atoney, Ruminal indigestion, Disturb rumen Microflora, Low rumen pH. Prevention In my opinion, a low milk fat test (less than 3.3 to 3.0%) is one of the best measures of acidosis. Fat tests less than 2.7 to 2.8% will more than likely be accompanied by cows with laminitis. In order to prevent acidosis good management practices are needed to prevent the situations Buffers are useful in keeping rumen pH high, especially in corn silage-based diets. Use common sense when changing diets and ensure that there is effective fiber in your diets for production of saliva. Treatments Rumen FS powder 100 gm /day /animal is advisable for 4 to 5 days In case of small ruminant's 25 gm /day /animal for 4 to 5 days For optimum result Rumen FS bolus is also advisable @ of 2 bolus twice daily for3 to 5 days Balance diet and standard management practices are key factor to avoid above .condition . 15

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NEWS Mother Dairy looks at east-west to fight rivals


ncreased competition from smaller players has prompted Mother Dairy to look beyond Delhi NCR region as it senses growth opportunity in the eastern and western areas of India. The whollyowned subsidiary of the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) with sales of around Rs 7,200 crore has drawn up a strategy called purab-paschim to expand into new geographies, starting with Maharashtra To begin with Mother Dairy has bought an old plant in Nagpur and is spending Rs 10-15 crore to revamp it, It is also setting up milk procurement facilities in the area that is estimated to cost around Rs 30 crore, We are in talks with the Maharashtra government for a new plant in Bhiwandi that may require investment of around Rs 150 crore, Nagarajan S, MD of Mother Dairy, told TOI Apart from these,the company is looking to set up a plant for cut fruits and vegetables in Jharkhand for Rs 80 crore, This will help Mother Dairy tap into the Rs 1,100-crore frozen fruits and vegetables business, Plans are afoot to test waters in the juice business in some of the pockets using cold press technology, On the cards are also innovations in fruit pulps pastes and concentrates Mother Dairy is also working to revamp its Safal stores that currently sell fruits and vegetables, It is spending Rs 10-15 lakh per store to bring in modern retail practices, At present, Safal which operates around 300 stores in Delhi NCR contributes around 10% (Rs 750 crore) to its revenues, while milk (Rs 5,000 crore) edible oil (Rs 1,000 crore) and value added dairy products (Rs 1,200 crore) makeup rest of its portfolio,

Mother Dairy is aiming to open 250-300 milk booths in these new territories as well The plans are part of the company's strategy to notch up Rs 10,000 crore sales, Par tly helped by the demonetisation-driven shif t the company is expecting to see 15-20% growth in revenues in next two years and is expected to close the year with sales of around Rs 8,000 crore. Apart from fresh milk the company produces a range of premium and innovative dairy products including probiotic dahi long-life paneer, mishti dahi, lassi, curcumin-based milk-shakes etc, under the challenger Milky Moo brand from its state of the art processing plants in Odisha East-India focused consumer dairy company Milk Mantra has raised Series-D funding led by Neev Fund along with co-investment from the existing investors Eight Roads Ventures and Aavishkaar Milk Mantra Dairy Private Limited was founded in August 2009 by Srikumar Misra with the conscious capitalist objective of building an innovative dairy products business leveraging the latest technology Apart from fresh milk the company produces a range of premium and innovative dairy products including probiotic dahi longlife paneer, mishti dahi, lassi, curcuminbased milk-shakes etc, under the challenger Milky Moo brand from its state of the art processing plants in Odisha, Milk Mantra has seen many firsts to its credit – it has engineered an innovative double-layered packaging technology to keep milk fresh for longer periods of time, it has launched the world's first curcumin-fortified milkshake it has built a dairy business as an engaging brand-driven setup rather than just a staples-supplying entity amongst others, While the company has focused on high quality manufacturing and product/market innovation in the front end it has built a strong milk sourcing backbone in the back end by striving to create sustainable impact

amongst farmers, The company has structured a unique Ethical Milk Sourcing programme through which it collects the highest quality milk from a network of more than 43,000 farmers covering more than 800 villages, Apart from just sourcing milk , the company has developed deep bonds with the farmer community through various initiatives such as facilitating cattle loans, supplying feed supplements, organizing veterinary camps, artificial insemination programme etc, Milk Mantra has now seen successful capital raises from a string of reputed investors – Aavishkaar backed the company in 2012, followed by Eight Roads in 2014 and now Neev Fund in 2016, This latest round of funding will be used to help Milk Mantra expand operations both organically and inorganically,The company will look to acquire select high-quality dair y businesses in East India in the near future As a part of this round Ambalika Banerjee from Neev Fund and Dhyanesh Shah from Eight Roads will join the board of Milk Mantra in addition to existing directors Noshir Colah from Aavishkaar and Kabir Narang from Eight Roads and Independent Director Suresh Senapaty, ex CFO Wipro, Srikumar Misra, the c o m pa n y 's f o u n d e r M D & C E O commented, Getting a committed investor like Neev along with the continued support of Eight Roads and Aavishkaar endorses Milk Mantra's growth potential & strategy of focused functional innovation in creating an exciting brand whilst building our milk sourcing network,With this Series-D raise the company is well poised to expand further in its core markets.


NEWS Dairy fund to open up investment opportunities, boost capacity


he dairy sector is waiting for clarity on the implementation of the ₹8,000crore dairy development fund to be set up under Nabard. Finance Minister Arun Jaitley in his speech said a Dairy Infrastructure Development Fund with an initial corpus of ₹2,000 crore quadrupling in three years would be used to enable expansion of milk processing capacity in the country, Vivek Nirmal, Joint Managing Director, Prabhat Dairy, said setting up of the fund with Nabard in a phased manner will open up investment opportunities in the sector and make it more organised. About 80 per cent of milk collected is from unorganised sector, The fund will help add milk processing capacities increase milk production and distribution capacities besides strengthening the rural economy and enhancing dairy farmers' incomes he added, However, a senior dairy company official said it is not clear whether the money would be used for investment through equity contribution or provide interest subvention against loans raised by dairy companies/ promoters. Either way, it would encourage investment in new dairies, he added, On an average, an investment of 35 crore is required to set up a milk processing unit with two lakh litres per day (Llpd). With the corpus of 8,000 crore, the industry can set up 450 Llpd capacity. At an average procurement price of 30/litre, the investment has the potential to pump in over 49,000 crore annually in the rural economy, Devendra Shah, Chairman, Parag Milk Foods, said the fund would play a key role in increasing the income level of the farmers' and boost rural economy. However, the dairy sector was hoping for the government to assign industry status to milk products, therefore bringing milk and milk products to NIL under GST, The renewed focus on dairy segment is a major relief as there was no dedicated government programme for investment in the dairy sector since the Operation Flood implemented by the National Dairy DevelopmentBoardbetween1970and1994. The creation of a fund for developing dairy processing capacities through the

National Bank for Agriculture and Rural Development (Nabard) will enable milk co-operatives to create an additional 500lakh litres of milk processing capacity, The proposal to set up a Dairy Processing and Infrastructure Development Fund in Nabard with a corpus of 8,000 crore over three years will boost farmer income with increased availability of milk processing facilities. Initially, the fund will have a corpus of 2,000 crore, This is the first time such an amount has been allocated to the dairy sector under Nabard. With an 8,000 crore corpus, we can build around 500 lakh litres per day of additional milk processing capacities. This would mean rural income can be increased by 50,000 crore per annum,Rs. Sodhi, Managing Director, Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation Ltd (GCMMF), told BusinessLine Farmers set to benefit Dairy is an important source of additional income for farmers. Availability of milk p ro c e s s i n g f a c i l i t i e s a n d o t h e r infrastructure will benefit the farmers through value-addition. A large number of milk processing units set up under the Operation Flood Programme have since become old and obsolete,” the Finance Minister had stated in his speech, However, the lack of a mention on coverage of private dairy players under

the Nabard fund left them disheartened, South India's leading player Hatsun Agro believes that the infrastructure and processing push should have been given to both co-operatives and corporate dairy players, Most of the new milk processing capacities in the last few years have been done by private dairies. Any corporate that is expanding would benefit farmers. So, such benefits should also be extended to private players,” said RG Chandramogan, Chairman and Managing Director of Hatsun Agro Product Ltd, But it appears that the funding is marked only for cooperatives and not for the corporate sector. However, there is still no idea how the disbursements are going to be made he added, India's total installed milk processing capacity in the cooperatives sector is 433 lakh litres per day (lpd), while private dairies process around 700 million lpd.


NEWS Budget should boost dairy growth through private sector :Devendra Shah, Parag Milk Foods


enuine impetus to the dairy sector leading to its growth will lead to that elusive balanced and inclusive growth where our villages progress alongside urban India, The Government's focus is on implementation of a cashless economy which supports long-term economic growth. All eyes are now on the Union Budget for clarity on taxation policy and regulatory issues, and norms for support of cashless economy. We hope to see supportive policies for the Dairy Sector, 1. Boost Investment in Dairy Sector Dairying in India is not just an economic activity. It is an integral part of our society, our culture. No other industry can claim to touch lives of millions of farmers; more than half of them landless. Given market access, remunerative prices to farmers, dairy can become a potent tool for equitable growth and income distribution. Genuine impetus to the dairy sector leading to its growth will lead to that elusive balanced and inclusive growth where our villages progress alongside urban India. Given over 40% of population of India is vegetarian. Milk is now the largest crop of India and Milk products are the primary source of Protein for nutritional development of Population. It is reasonable to assign a status of Agriculture products shall be assigned to Milk Products. Therefore bringing Milk and Milk Products to NIL under GST is warranted, 2. Create Alternate Livelihood for farmers There have been some external reports stating of farmers difficulty to sow Rabi crops due to the unavailability of new currency notes in sufficient numbers. If the reports that large areas of agricultural land have remained unsown are true, food inflation can become a challenge. With unpredictable monsoon season, we shall look for alternate source of earnings for farmers. Keeping this in mind, Private Dairy Sector shall be provided with additional incentives for ease of farmers,

3. Boost dair y growth through private sector India is the largest producer of milk. The Indian dairy industry presently contributes about 15% to the total milk production of the world. Dairy Industry in India presents a plethora of opportunities. Earlier, dairy industr y was dominated by cooperatives but since last 20 years with the entry of private players, we have seen a sharp rise in demand for milk and milk products, The private sector have overtaken the cooperatives today. The overall industry is underdeveloped and extremely fragmented. Private Sector is now willing to further speed-up its investment in Indian dairy industry but an extremely poor state of farmers and no incentive for Private Dairy to develop farmers is becoming a real hurdle. A subsidy on purchase of Milk from farmers under cashless conditions should be initiated to bring double advantage in terms of supporting farmers from vagaries of monsoon and also bringing economy to cashless, 4. Develop infrastructure To maintain quality, longer shelf life and to keep it fit for human consumption, proper packaging of milk products is essential. Investment in cold chain infrastructure should be promoted and support in terms of subsidy and Tax relief be granted. Packing of milk products should also be construed as processing

for preservation and the packaging industry should be exempt from all duties like excise, CST, Octroi etc. and should be considered under the food processing industry. If a meaningful impetus were to be given to the dairy industry, all machinery and equipment used by the industry should be exempt from import duty, 5. Avoid loss of nation's crop Also, when there is a thrust on increasing the milk production, then there should be ample amount of facilities to handle it. There is a dear th of required infrastructure of chilling plants and bulk coolers due to which so much of milk goes waste due to spoilage. Bulk Milk Coolers cover long distances to and fro from the collection centre. There is a shortage of refrigerated vans and insulated tankers for ferrying the chilled milk to the processing plants. Government shall create a fund to support these activities by subsidizing these investment to a large extent for economic growth of the country.



999-170-5004 23

NEWS Arun Jaitley announces Rs 8,000 crore infrastructure fund for dairy farmers


inance Minister Arun Jaitley on Wednesday announced a Dairy Processing Infrastructure Fund with Rs 8,000 crore corpus would be set up to promote dair y farmers. He also announced a plan to create a dedicated micro irrigation fund with initial amount of Rs 5,000 crore under the National B a n k f o r A g r i c u l t u re a n d R u r a l Development (Nabard), Presenting the budget for the financial year 2017-18 in Lok Sabha, Jaitley said:My approach in preparing the budget is to spend more on rural areas, infrastructure and poverty alleviation with fiscal prudence,For 2017-18 we have proposed to set up Dairy Processing Infrastructure Fund under Nabard, with corpus of Rs 8,000 crore, Jaitley said, The Finance Minister anticipated that

because of better monsoon this year, agriculture was expected to grow at 4.1 per cent in the current year. He said that issuance of soil health card have gained momentum across the country which

benefited the farmers,We will set up a mini lab in Krishi Vigyan Kendras to boost issuance of soil health cards, Jaitley said.

Dairy fund & easier flow of credit will help millions, accelerate farmer drive


y Shivraj Singh Chouhan, Reducing the ceiling for cash donation to political parties to just Rs 2,000 is one of the most commendable moves made in this Union Budget. Digital accounting of amounts larger than Rs 2,000 will help bring about transparency in politics, laying to rest doubts often raised about political funding,I consider Budget 2017 presented by Finance Minister Arun Jaitley as truly historical in this regard , The Budget is holistic in approach,its aim is to truly transform India,The Budget stands out in keeping the government's commitment towards cooperative federalism. I feel the Budget's many provisions will strengthen states and the federal system, It has taken care of each segment and is reflective of the vision of collective development. The last budget, in my view, had taken very radical steps for the welfare of farmers. These, as the Centre has now committed in this budget, will further be strengthened. This must be welcomed, For example, following the budgetary proposals implementation from last year, the state's milk production has increased tremendously. The Centre continues to build on these positive moves with

incremental steps. Dairy processing infrastructure development fund announced now will help our cattle industry and farmers even more. The provision of credit facility will benefit farmers in millions as they will now easily be able to meet loan requirement. The Rs 5,000 crore micro irrigation infrastructu fund will significantly strengthen the state, Over the next five years, we expect that these provisions will help double the income of our farmers and boost our rural economy. The proposed new legislation for contract farming will also go a long way in bringing benefits to them, All these initiatives are reflective of the progressive thinking of the central government. Alongside cooperative federalism, the Budget makes the Centre's commitment to transform India evident. Under the leadership of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, India is growing rapidly and various measures are being taken to ensure that no one stops its pace. All obstacles are gradually being eliminated by the government , The world's fastest growing economy on PM Modi's watch is also developing itself as a unified market which will facilitate investment and economic

growth. The thrust on digital economy will further help build a new and more integrated economy of India, I am particularly impressed by the steps announced to eliminate poverty and generate new jobs. The Indian International Skill Development Centers will make our youth employable and the Rs 4,000 crore SANKALP programme will enable the young people earn a decent living, The other people-friendly measures that deserve mention are tax relief measures for small companies. These will help promote small and micro-enterprises on a wider scale. The personal income tax relief will also be a big help to the common people. Waiver of service charge on online railway ticket booking is another good initiative by the government that will promote cashless transactions and help India grow faster towards its path to a digital economy. 24

NEWS Dairy farmers' income to double with infrastructure allocation


he Finance Minister's announcement of allocating a fund of Rs 8,000 crore over a period of three years for dairy processing infrastructure is expected to generate an estimated Rs 50,000 crore worth of annual extra income for dairy farmers, This is the first time after independence that such a large fund has been allocated for the dairy sector. It will have a cascading effect on rural incomes," Gujarat Cooperative Milk Marketing Federation (GCMMF) managing director RS Sodhi said, He said the dairy processing infrastructure fund under NABARD will create an additional milk processing capacity of 500 lakh litres per day. "This will lead to 50 per cent increase in income of dairy farmers annually, Sodhi said.



ith milk prices rising, farmers can gradually start to repair the economic damage. The choice of bulls today lays the firm foundations for the financial results of tomorrow. CRV's line up of bulls is ready and waiting to play an important role. Danno, the world's

highest ranking daughter proven bull, is an outstanding example.

ease 107) and he is perfect for farmers who aim to breed for A2 milk.

Profitable milking with black-andwhite InSire top bulls

World class black-and-white daughter proven bulls

Ve n d a i r y S i d e k i c k ( S u p e r s h o t x Bookem, 355 NVI) is one of CRV's top flight InSire bulls and is intensively used in the breeding programme. He transmits a fabulous combination of extremely high efficiency (+11%) and amazing good health (+10%). Sidekick produces robust, high production (+1250 kg) cows with outstanding (109) udders with exceptionally good udder health (112). The extreme longevity of +874 days makes him an unbeaten w o r l d c h a m p i o n f o r l o n g e v i t y. Sidekick's daughters are fertile (105) and inherit the capacity to produce A2 milk from their sire.

Delta Bookem Danno (Bookem x Bolton, 357 NVI) is the highest ranked daughter proven bull available based on NVI. What he passes on is stunning c o n f o r m a t i o n of 1 1 7 , w i t h t h e phenomenal leg quality (117) and healthy claws (108) that mark out Danno daughters. Danno daughters are a delight to manage (+7% Better Life Health) and have very good (110) and healthy (107) udders. Over 800 daughters are in his production index and together they score 11% above herd average.

Delta Wisent RF (Whatsapp RF x Atlantic, 314 NVI) produces daughters that produce copious milk volumes (+1336 kg). He ranks high for health (+8%) and efficiency (+7%) and rates high scores for udder health (108), claw health (106) and ketosis (104). With a very good longevity score of +780 days, Wisent daughters will feature for a year longer than normal in the barn. Wisent descends from the same cow family as Danillo and passes on great conformation (112), with super udders (110) and very good legs (108). Delta Magister (Whattsapp RF x Direct, 307 NVI) is a black-and-white InSire top bull that can help today's farmers lay firm foundations for extra milk revenue. He passes on high milk production to his daughters (+ 1318 kg), combined with a high protein content (+0.14%). This skill ranks him a sky-high Inet of €374 and an extremely high score for efficient production (Better Life Efficiency + 14%). Magister inherits good udders (107) and impressive longevity (+693 days). He also rates highly for health (Better Life Health +7%), scoring high for udder health (107) and ketosis (104). Magister is an ideal bull for maiden heifers (calving

Daughter proven Delta Bonaparte (Bonanza x Shottle, 255 NVI) is a premium bull to improve contents (+0.36% fat and +0.20% protein) and conformation (112 total). His daughters are large and wide-framed and have great udders (110) and good legs (109). Bonaparte shares the same cow family as Delta Antidote and produces easy to manage cows (Better Life Health +5%), with healthy udders (107), claws (106) and low sensitivity to ketosis (110). Numbering almost 10,000 daughters in his breeding values for production, Delta G-Force (Man-O-Man x Jordan, 255 NVI) continues his impressive track-record. His daughters are very efficient producers (+11%) of high milk volumes (+830 kg) with excellent contents (+0.18% fat and +0.16% protein). G-Force offspring have superb udders and legs and high fertility (104) combined with outstanding claw health (105). 25

Cows may seem like simple creatures ­ most of us have seen them grazing with seemingly not a care in the world. Well, there's more to these ruminants than meets the eye. Here are 20 facts you probably haven't heard about cows:



Time Period 1 Year INR 1000 3 Years INR 2500 Life Time INR 8000

USD 160 USD 250 USD 800

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Ingredients For the Crust:  12 chocolate creme filled sandwich cookies (chocolate filled Oreos)  2 tablespoons butter, melted

For the Cheesecake:  12 ounces cream cheese, room temperature  1 cup Ghirardelli 60% Cacao Baking Chips, melted  ½ (14 ounce) can sweetened condensed milk (about


 1 teaspoon vanilla  2 eggs, room temperature

For the Ganache:  2 ounces (1/3 cup) Ghirardelli 60% Cacao Baking Chips  ¼ cup whipping cream, hot


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Preheat oven to 325 degrees F. Line a muffin tin with foil cupcake liners. Place cookies and melted butter together in a blender and puree until no large chunks. Divide among cupcake liners and press the crumbs firmly in the bottom of each. In an electric mixer, beat the cream cheese until smooth. Mix in the sweetened condensed milk, melted chocolate, and vanilla and beat until combined and smooth. Beat in the eggs one at a time until evenly mixed. Spoon batter into liners dividing it equally among all 12. The batter should be almost to the very top of the liner. Bake for 15­18 minutes until set (it won't jiggle when you shake the pan). Let the cheesecakes cool in the pan on a cooling rack for 15 minutes. Remove the cheesecakes from the pan onto the cooling rack and cool another 15 minutes. Move the cheesecakes to the fridge and refrigerate for 1­2 hours until cold.Gently remove the foil liners and top with ganache, whipped cream, a raspberry, and a chocolate square. Place chocolate in a bowl. Microwave whipping cream and pour over chocolate. Let it sit for 2 minutes and then stir until smooth. Spoon about 2 teaspoons of ganache onto the top of each cheesecake and spread to the edges.

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If the breeders choose Bouw Rocky (Shamrock x Goli, 235 NVI), they can expect sound cows with good contents (+0.12% fat and +0.03% protein). Rocky shares the same cow family as the famous CRV bulls Bouw Rocky and Bouw Snowfever. Rocky produces robust daughters with outstanding conformation (110) and very good (108) udders. His descendants are healthy (+7%) and his genes are ideal to boost udder health (107) and reduce the incidence of ketosis (111).

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Another winner in the milk production ( + 8 3 3 kg ) a n d p ro te i n c o n te n t increasing stakes (+0,04%) is Delta Ticket (Colorado x Chanel, 232 NVI). Ticket is a bull that gives cows with sterling udders (110). He also passes on good udder health (104) and his daughters have low sensitivity to ketosis (103). An amazingly high score for udders (113) is what really marks out Delta Webmail (Whatsapp x Rozello, 287 NVI). He passes on high milk production (+996 kg), efficiently produced (+6%) by his daughters. Webmail also gives his daughters good udder health (106) and noting a calving ease score of 107, he is the ideal bull to use on maiden heifers.

South Korea Confirms Foot-andMouth Disease at Dairy Farm


ZANDENBURG ROCKY EBONY 1 (S. ROCKY) Red-and-white bulls partner milk and protein In the form of American Nova Star (Delegate x Passe, 304 NVI), CRV has a red-and-white udder specialist (111) on its books, one who also passes on highly efficient (+9%) milk production. His descendants will produce plenty of milk (+867 kg) with good protein contents (+0.08%). Nova Star also contributes fine longevity (+779 days) and udder health (111). Delta Rosebud (Filou x Atlantic, 260 NVI) is bull that inherits an impressive milk pool (+856 kg) and, moreover, increases the protein content (+0.10%) . Rosebud daughter s will feature outstanding udders (109) and excellent health (+7%) . With his A2A2 inheritance pattern, this son of Filou is also suitable to breed cows that produce A2 milk.

health officer checks a cattle in a farm in Gimje as a preventive measure against foot-and-mouth disease after South Korea on Monday confirmed a case of food-and-mouth at a dairy farm elsewhere in the country, South Korea, February 6, 2017. Photo by Moon Yo-han/News1 via REUTERS South Korea on Monday confirmed a case of foot-and-mouth at a dairy farm, the first discovery of the disease in the country in nearly a year. It also said there was another suspected case at a different location, although that was yet to be confirmed. The Ministry of Agriculture, Food and Rural Affairs said in a statement that the disease was unlikely to spread widely as it was one of three types of the illness that the nation inoculates against. Nonetheless, the government said it would put in place a nationwide standstill order for farms with clovenhoofed livestock and related transport for 30 hours from 0900 GMT on Monday. The confirmation comes as Asia's fourth largest economy has been grappling with a nationwide spread of virulent bird flu virus, leading to the culling of over 30 million farm birds. 29

Dairy Planner - February 2017