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ABPL20033 - Construction Analysis, Semester 2 - 2019 Dr Alberto Pugnale, Subject coordinator Dr Sofia Colabella, Senior Tutor Tutor: Mark Lam Wei (Naomi) He, 952295, Date Project 12-Northcote house Tutorial 33 ASSIGNMENT 3

FLIPBOOK SECTION 3D: Layers of information


1. Structural Systems, below ground

Structural systems, below ground

4-12-TM

700 MIN

Horizontal

REFER BELOW 400

RIB C1

RIB A3

Concrete slab

Concrete slabs, edge and internal beams were poured all at once, with rigid under slab and slab edge insulation underneath. Edge beam A2

Edge beam A1

500 MIN

Edge beam A5 REFER BELOW 400

C1, C2 BASE DETAIL

Steel reinforcement placed and secured with plastic bar chairs to improve tension force.

120x250 CONCRETE UPSTAND POURED WITH SLAB N12x500 VERTICAL AT 200 CTS. N12@100 CTS. HORIZONTAL

90x10 BASE PLATE 2-M12 TRUBOLTS 15 GROUT

2-M12 TRUBOLTS

Steel mesh reinforcement

Edge beam, internal beam

Vertical

UNNOTED DETAILS REFER A1

10 CLEAT 2-M12 TRUBOLTS

125x125x10 BASE PLATES ON 15mm NON-SHRINK GROUT

MIN 150 REBATE

4-12-TM

(COL. BASE PLATE FIXED TO STRUCTURAL SLAB. COL'S WILL NEED TO BE FIXED PRIOR TO POURING OF SCREED.)

HEATING SLAB REFER ARCHITECTS DRAWINGS

4-12-TM used for edge beams and 3-12-TM used for internal beams.

Trench mesh

The boundary and footprint of the building is restricted to the ResCode. The relatively flat site gives the architects more freedom in designing, it is easier to achieve an open floor plan. Secondly, raft slab is used for the foundation system since the soil condition on site is relatively good, with very little cracking which can be solved by simply watering the site. The adjacent buildings occur on or near boundary lines, RIB A1must be designedRIB A2, A6 hence any demolition or construction carefully, confront with the adjacent owners and undergo a photographic survey. The orientation of the house also had influence on the design since the architect designed to capture natural light.

C3 BASE PLATE

RIB A4

Internal beam C1

RIB A1

Edge beam A2

RIB A5

UNNOTED DETAILS REFER A1

051 NIM ETABER

( BEARER SUPPORTED ON UPSTAND / EDGE BEAM )

FOUND LOAD BEARING RIBS

0.9mm damp proof membrane as vapour barrier

25mm under-slab insulation

50mm packing sand

50mm packing sand

Foundation system

FOR APPROVAL REVISION

Drawn:

Scales: 1:20@A3

DRG. No.

PC

29/04/17 Date:

TITLE:

ARCHITECT: PROJECT TWELVE ARCHITECTURE

-

APR '17

1278-S4

125x125x10

RIB A1

Date:

GROUND FLOOR DETAILS

RIB A2, A6 BASE PLATES

REFER WOLEB

SET OF: 1 OF 1

(COL. BASE PLATE FIXED 004 TO STRUCTURAL 4-12-TM SLAB. COL'S WILL NEED TO BE FIXED PRIOR TO POURING OF SCREED.)

REFER ARCHITECTS DRAWINGS

Rigid under slab and slab edge insulation.

4-12-TM

3A BIR 10 CLEAT 2-M12 TRUBOLTS

1

1.5

2m

ABPL20033 - 2019, WEI HE | 952295 |Tutorial 33 | MARK LAM | p. 2

1) MIN 100 INTO CLAY 2) SHOWN DEPTH

:etaD

4S-8721

:FO TES 1 FO 1

:nwarD

:ngiseD

.oN .GRD

:selacS 3A@02:1

-

0 No.

C3 BASE PLATE

PROJ ETALP ESAB 01ARCHITECT: x09 STLOBURT 21M-2 TUORG 51

RIB A

membrane.

0

FOR APPROVAL

No.

REVISION

29/04/17 Date:

ARCHITECT: PROJECT TWELVE ARCHITECTURE

:TCEJORP

CP

SLIATED ROOLF DNUORG

400

4A BIR 0.9mm damp ETALP Eproof SAB 3C

Steel mesh reinforcement held with plastic bar chairs. 71' RPA

Trench mesh

0.2mm004polythene taped all openings and overlapping areas.

) MAEB EGDE / DNATSPU NO DETROPPUS RERAEB (

B

FOUND LOAD BEARING RIBS 1) MIN 100 INTO CLAY 90x10 BASE PLATE 2) SHOWN2-M12 DEPTH TRUBOLTS 15 GROUT

WOLEB REFER

1A REFER SLIATED DETONNU

50mm packing sand

C

005 NIM

5A BIR

6A ,2A BIR

C1, C2 BASE DETAIL

125x125x10 BASE PLATES ET15mm ERCNOC 052x021 ON DERUOP DNATSPU NON-SHRINK 005x21N BALS HTIW GROUT .STC 002 TA LACITREV .STC 001@21N 2-M12 TRUBOLTS LATNOZIROH

FOUND LOAD BEARING RIBS

90x10 BAS 2-M12 TR 15

2-M12 TRUBOLTS

1A REFER SLIATED DETONNU

C1, C2 BASE DETAIL

0.5

ON 15mm NON-SHRINK GROUT

MT-21-4

B

1C BIRHEATING SLAB

0

410 CLEAT 2-M12 TRUBOLTS

007 NIM

0 No.

Design:

(COL. BASE PLATE FIXED TO STRUCTURAL SLAB. COL'S WILL NEED TO BE FIXED PRIOR TO POURING OF SCREED.)

HEATING SLAB REFER ARCHITECTS DRAWINGS

1) MIN 100 INTO CLAY 2) SHOWN DEPTH

PROJECT:

RIB

500 MIN

The Northcote house is located in Northcote, North-south oriented. Site conditions like soil conditions, adjacent buildings, existing trees and the orientation have influenced the deisgn of the house.

71/40/92

:ELTIT

:etaD

LAVORPPA ROF

0

NOISIVER

.oN

ERUTCETIHCRA EVLEWT TCEJORP :TCETIHCRA


2. Structural Systems, above ground The composition of architectural form and space are defined by horizontal flooring and roofing, and vertical walls. The form and space designs are supported by these structural elements. The open plan living space on the ground floor is achieve by large span of the ceiling joists, in which the loads are supported and transferred horizontally to the steel columns and timber stud walls, which then be transferred vertically to the ground. The first floor works the same, the horizontal roof transfer load through ceiling joists, to the timber studs and down to the intermediate floor.

Primary Structure

Ground Floor

Steel: 2/125x 125 x 12L and 89 x 89 x6 SHS columns 380 PFC and 310 UB32 beams Brickwork: Double brick wall Timber: Timber stud wall (90x45mm) (studs, top and bottom plates)

Stage Secondary 04 FLOOR SYSTEM (INTERMEDIATE Structure SUSPENDED FLOOR)

Horizontal

Timber noggins

Bracing

Plywood sheet bracing 30x0.8mm crossed strap Hoopiron bracing with tensioners

Primary Structure

Double timber stud wall and timber floor joist (300x45 LVL ) and edge beams (2/360x45 LVL and 2/300x45 LVL)

2. FLOOR JOISTS 300 X 45 LVL floor joists at are bolted on to hot dip and formed the whole in floor. Timber blockings w to floor joists to stiffer the them from buckling. Dou openings and cantilever

The intermediate suspended floor is supported using floor joists and steel beams, load is transferred to the beams then to the ground through steel columns. Crane is used in this stage to lift up heavy steel beams, and scaffolding used to support construction workers and materials. Yellow tongue is screwed to floor joists and provide supports for workers to walk on.

Vertical

1. STEEL BEAMS (AS4100, AS3679, AS1538, AS1554.) 380 PFC PLUS and 310 UB 32 steel beams are lifted by a crane, then welded and bolted onto the steel columns using 10mm cleat plates. The beams were temporarily braced during erection.

Secondary Structure

First Floor

Bracing Primary Structure Secondary Structure

Roof

Bracing

Load-bearing Double brick wall

Load-bearing timber stud wall

AA A203

Timber noggins and floor blockings 30x0.8mm crossed strap Hoopiron bracing with tensioners

Stage 04 FLOOR SYSTEM (INTERMEDIATE Timber SUSPENDED FLOOR)ceiling joists

(200x45 LVL) Edge beams (200x45 LVL)

Compare with solid timb The intermediate suspended floor is supported using floor joists and steel beams, load is transferred to the beams lumber (LVL) are not pron then to the ground through steel columns. Crane is used in this stage to lift up heavy steel beams, and scaffolding is machine made, the qu used to support construction workers and materials. Yellow tongue is screwed to floor joists and provide supports for always straight. workers to walk on.

Timber blocking (200x45 LVL), fascia, soldier studs battens

Floor joist

1. STEEL BEAMS (AS4100, AS3679, AS1538, AS1554.) 380 PFC PLUS and 310 UB 32 steel beams are lifted by a crane, then welded and bolted onto the steel columns using 10mm cleat plates. The beams were temporarily braced during erection.

2

Roof bracing:2/200x45 LVL

AA A203

3

380 Parallel Flange Channels cantilever welded and bolted to columns.

4 1 380 PFC

Joist hang

AA A203

DRAWING NAME: PLAN DETAIL

380 Parallel 310 Universal Stage 03 Flange Beam 32 STRUCTURAL SYSTEM (BUILDING Channels FRAME GROUND FLOOR)

Primary

SCALE: 2 A3 1:50 @

310 Universal Beam 32

FIRST FLOOR FCL 44.340

A1

2. TIMBER STUD WALL(AS1684,AS17 TimberHE supports WEI NAOMI 952295 were used to supp erecting. Load bearing timber wa using 90 x 45mm3timber studs at 45 spacing, by screwing them betwe plates. Noggings are screwed bet 4 protect studs from buckling. Plywo 30x0.8mm crossed strap Hoopiron 1 stability. provide rigidity and

After concrete slab, the next stage is the structural system for the ground floor. Load bearing steel columns and walls are set up first. The steel columns are bolted and welded to steel bottoms plates, load bearing timber works are constructed and braced. Recycled bricks are used for the brick veneer and double brick cavity walls later on. 1. STEEL COLUMNS (AS4100, AS3679, AS1538, AS1554.) After removing the concrete formworks, 2/125 x 125 x 12L and 89 x 89 x6 SHS were erected and wedge anchored onto steel base plates. Steel bearing plates are used to distribute the concentrated load imposed by the columns. The 15mm grout raise steel above ground and avoid it from rusting. Temporary timber bracings and supports were used during erection for PARAPET safety and alignment. Clamps were used to hold RL 45.090 timber in place. 380 Parallel Flange Channels

DRAWING NU

Secondary

AA A202

AA A203

DRAWING N PLAN DETA

310 Universal Beam 32

SCALE: 1:50 @ A3

3

WEI NAOM

2

PARAPET RL 45.090

9 w

FIRST FLOOR FFL 41.640

1

GROUND FLOOR FCL 41.195

0

0.5

1

1.5

2m

Speed bracing

Sheet bracing for the corner. FIRST FLOOR FCL 44.340

2/125 x 125 x12 2/125 x 125 x 12 Equal Equal angles angles wedge anchored onto steel base plate.

89 x 89 x6 Square hollow section

ABPL20033 - 2019, WEI HE | 952295 |Tutorial 33 | MARK LAM | p. 3 LOWER LEVEL GROUND FFL 38.340

FIRST FLOOR FFL 41.640

S b p i d o 4 s i

125 x 125 x125 12L 125x125x10 base plate 15mm Non-shrink grout Concrete slab 2-M12 Trubolts

B AA A202

DRAWING NAME: PLAN DETAIL SCALE: 1:50 @ A3

DRAWING NUM

A1


3. Internal (non-load bearing) partitions The internal partitions organise the life inside the building by divide up space for privacy or aesthetic purposes. Non-load bearing timber stud walls were constructed on the first floor to define bedrooms and bathrooms for zoning and privacy; the timber stud wall on the ground floor divides the space between living and the storage room under the stairs, to hide the service room from open living area.

Fixed

Internal Partitions

Movable

The internal non-load bearing partitions are used to define the staircase area, the bedrooms and bathrooms. Plasterboards are fastened to hide the structural systems.

The storage room is located under the stairs, the internal partition here can separate the storage room with the living room, provide safety secure for the stairs and also provide a background wall for the wall-mounted television.

0

0.5

1

1.5

2m ABPL20033 - 2019, WEI HE | 952295 |Tutorial 33 | MARK LAM | p. 4

Internal wall structure Internal stud walls are non-load bearing since they do not help support the structures, they are only used to divide up spaces. Plasterboard 10 mm thick plasterboards used for first floor wall and ceilings, water-resistant plasterboards used in wet areas.

Internal doors Internal doors are movable internal partitions that define and zone bedrooms and bathrooms.


4. Environmental Protections

Membrane

Environmental protection design is design that protects the house from the climate. The architect approached the design of environmental protections by waterproofing, insulation and shading. Water proofing includes horizontal protection like roof sheets; vertical protections such as external cladding and windows; and other details like flashing, sarking, capping, sealants and gutters. Insulation system protects the house from hot or cold outdoor climate, insulation and sealants are used to seal gaps and form a building envelope, for acoustic and thermal performances. Shading devices such as perforated metal panels operable louvres were installed on the first floor. The elevations hide the environmental protections listed above by hiding the roof sheets with fascia and creating cavity for the external sliding door, to achieve ‘seamlessness’.

Sarking Waterproofing

External Cladding

Horizontal

Acoustic

The main insulation for internal walls is acoustic insulation.

Thermal

Insulation for external walls, ceilings, and slabs (edge insulation) are mainly for thermal insulation to create a building envelope.

Louvres Perforated panels

260mm Roof thermal insulation

40mm rigid insulation in brick wall cavity

Capping

90mm external wall insulation

Box gutter 88mm internal wall insulation

140mm internal ceiling insulation

90mm understair insulation 0

0.5

1

1.5

2m ABPL20033 - 2019, WEI HE | 952295 |Tutorial 33 | MARK LAM | p. 5

The Klip-Lok 700 Hi Strength roof sheets (at a 2 degree fall )direct rainwater to the box gutter. Double glazed sliding door

Roof: Klip-Lok 700 Hi Strength roof sheet Wall: Pre-finished charred timber and windows Windows: top and sill flashing, sealants Parapet and gutter: Capping, flashing

Insulation

60mm reflective foil sarking to prevent condensation from going in the house.

Outer roof: 60mm reflective foil sarking External wall : 90mm batts with foil sarking

Detailing Vertical

Shading

Slabs: Damp proof polythene membrane

Vertical louvres used for bedroom windows facing south. Perforated panels used on southern facade for screening for privacy.


5. Mechanical and electrical systems The architect did not organise the internal spaces to place mechanical and electrical services efficiently, all the bathrooms and kitchen are on the West side but the outside service units are all place on the East side, this is due to the floor planning requirements of the house, the house has to follow the set back regulation, hence all services have to run from the east service area, or from the old house on the north side, the service cables and pipes run in wall and ceiling cavity, to the kitchen on the west side. For the first level, cables and pipes run between the wall cavity near the square hollow section, up next to the skylight, run horizontally in ceiling cavity and then to each outlet.

Rainwater tank located on the east side services area Water mains

Water meter

Water Solar hot water collector on the roof (electricity is used to heat up water in cloudy days)

The electrical grid

Electric meter Solar panels on the roof

Gas mains

(However the boiler is placed close to the hydronic inslab heating)

Gas meter

Heating HVAC

Telecom pit

Toilets and garden

Rain water

Hot water

Electric cables running in ceiling cavity and in stud walls, connect to switches and powerpoints, to where lights and electric appliances are required.

Electric switchboard Inverter inverts DC to AC Gas

Kitchen and bathrooms

Electricity

Gas stove

A boiler located at the east side service area heat up water, send hot water through coils to the hydronic in-lab heating on the ground floor and the hydronic panel on the first floor, then send the cold water back to heat up the water.

Ventilation

Ventilation is achieved in this house using windows, exhaust fans in the kitchen and bathrooms, and ceiling fans.

Airconditioning unit

Cold water running upstairs through a pipe to the bedrooms, fans blow out the cold air and another pipe carry the warm water back to be cooled.

PCD

NTD

Down lights Hydronic panel placed near the window to heat up the whole space

Powerpoints Outdoor service area

Boiler

Down light

0

0.5

1

1.5

2m

Heating

Hydronic in-slab heating with coils in spiral layout to achieve even heat.

ABPL20033 - 2019, WEI HE | 952295 |Tutorial 33 | MARK LAM | p. 6

Electricity


6. Physical Enclosures systems The physical enclosures can express aspects of the building by hiding and give privacy to internal spaces, structure and services, and at the same time express different materiality for different uses of spaces. The architect varied the type and mass of materials in his design. Heavier brick cladding is used on the ground floor and is painted in white, while dark light-weighted charred timber is used on the first floor. This formed contrast in materials and at the same time distinguish the first the ground floor. The internal cladding used in this house used plasterboards, paints, and timber, different materials did not only hide the structures and services, but also give each internal space different material expressions.

External cladding

Horizontal Enclosure Systems

Roof

Klip-Lok 700 Hi Strength roof sheet clipped on Klip-Lok brackets.

Wall

1. Pre-finished charred shiplap timber board fixed on battens to hide structures. 2. Brickwork painted in white showing materiality. 3. Fibre cement sheet on the south facade behind the perforated panels.

Wall

1. Paint for the brick wall. 2. V Groove Lining Board for stairs area. 3. Plasterboard to all other areas.

Ceiling

1. Plasterboard for first floor ceilings. 2. V Groove Lining Board for living room 3. Fibre cement sheet for the soffit .

Vertical

Internal finishes

Floor Windows and skylight

1. Timber floor boards for stairs and first floor. 2. Polished concrete floor for ground floor.

1.Double glazed vertical sashless window 2. Sliding top hung door 3. Fixed skylight

Doubled glazed window Plasterboards Fascia to the perimeter of the roof to hide the roof profile

Bedroom

V Groove timber lining boards

Sarking as vapour barrier

Timber batten

Roof sheets

Fibre cement sheet Expansion joints near openings or every 7m.

Timber flooring boards Living room

Painted brick wall Storage room

0

0.5

1

1.5

2m

Charred shilap cladding

Double glazing

ABPL20033 - 2019, WEI HE | 952295 |Tutorial 33 | MARK LAM | p. 7

Perforated panel

Weepholes

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