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News Bites NTU


NTU MOVES UP IN GLOBAL UNIVERSITY RANKINGS NTU has moved up one bracket in the annual Times Higher Education university rankings released in March. It now stands in the 81st to 90th range, from last year’s 91st to 100th. Universities are ranked in groups of 10 after the 50th position. The National University of Singapore’s ranking improved as well, rising from 27th last year to 23rd this year. In Asia, Japan's universities performed the best, with ďŹ ve institutions in the list. NTU SCIENTIST INVENTS R E V O L U T I O N A R Y W AT E R TESTING DEVICE Professor Liu Ai Qun of the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering has created a device that can detect contaminants in treated water in one hour, a vast improvement over the current two days. The product, named the Parasitometer, cuts water test costs considerably, and will be developed into a commercial product by an NTU start-up company, Water Optics Technology. The company will be jointly owned by Professor Liu and NTU. CHINESE HERITAGE CENTRE TO TAKE IN HUA SONG MUSEUM EXHIBITS The six-year-old Hua Song Museum located at Haw Par Villa closed down earlier this March. Some of its exhibits will be moved to NTU’s Chinese Heritage Centre (CHC), as well as the Asian Civilisations Museum. These include artefacts and photos of early Chinese migrants around the world. The CHC will be incorporating this new material to enhance its existing exhibition on the meaning of Chinese identity and culture.

Four NTU scientists from different faculties have made it to the TR35@ Singapore list, which lauds those under 35 who exemplify innovation in technology and business. The list aims to revolutionise technology and address problems in order to beneďŹ t society at large. Assistant Professors Zhang Baile, Zhao Yanli, Arindam Basu, and David Lou faced competition from over 200 submissions. The entries were amassed by the Massachussets Institute of Technology’s Technology Review magazine. N T U - D E V E L O P E D TA B L E T COMPUTERS SNAPPED UP IN INDIAN SCHOOLS A low-cost tablet computer, a joint development by NTU and Rice University’s innovators, will be used by thousands of school children in southern India this June. The Mahabubnagar District will be using the solar-powered I-slate tablet, designed for areas with insufďŹ cient electricity and teaching resources. 50,000 children will receive the tablet, which will cost $57.

SINGAPORE YOUNGER GENERATION FOUND TO BE MORE GRACIOUS Generation Y, a term which refers to those aged 30 and under, has been found to be more gracious than Generation X, according to the Graciousness Index by the Singapore Kindness Movement. Gen Y’s rating stands at an average of 6.3 out of 10 compared to 6.1. Mr David Black, managing director of Blackbox Research, which handled the survey, attributed the results to the greater sophistication and consciousness among the youths as they are the ďŹ rst adult generation to grow up

with the Internet. He also attributed the higher scores to the effects of growing up in economically successful Singapore. LONGER BUS BAYS AHEAD Three out of the 35 local bus stops selected for expansion by 2013 have been completed ahead of schedule. The longer bus bays will allow for three buses to stop in the bay at any one time. One of the bus stops completed is at Bedok Reservoir Road and has been lengthened by nine metres. According to Transport Minister Lui Tuck Yew, this will speed up boarding and alighting. Although well received, commuters’ foremost wish is to have an increase in bus frequencies. 800 new buses will start to come in at the second half of this year. JAY CHOU AND MAROON 5 TO PERFORM AT F1 CONCERT Popular Taiwanese artiste Jay Chou will be coming to Singapore on September 21st to perform at the F1 concert, held at the Singapore Marina Bay Circuit Park. Chou will be the ďŹ rst Chinese act to take the F1 stage. In addition, Grammy award-winning American band Maroon 5 will be performing on September 22nd. 4,000 ticketholders are eligible to redeem wristbands which will grant them access to a special ‘Fan Zone’. NEW PENALTY FOR CANCELLING FLAT BOOKINGS Applicants who change their mind after putting down the option fee for a at unit should now think twice before doing so. With immediate effect, those who withdraw will be barred from purchasing new Buildto-Order or resale ats with housing grants for a year. This means that applicants now have to be very certain before booking a at unit. The ban applies to new Design, Build and Sell Scheme units and executive condominiums as well.

SINGAPORE TO HOST 27TH COMMONWEALTH AGRICULTURAL CONFERENCE Singapore will be the ďŹ rst Asian Commonwealth member to host the Commonwealth Agricultural Conference in 2016. The winning bid over Canada was made by the Kranji Countryside Association (KCA) at the Royal Agricultural Society of the Commonwealth. The KCA has a membership of 10 local fish, vegetable and animal farms. Over 300 agriculturists, environmentalists and government agencies will be present to discuss food production and safety at the conference.

WORLD JETBLUE FLIGHT MAKES EMERGENCY LANDING AFTER PILOT RANT OfďŹ cials say a U.S. domestic ight made an emergency landing on March 28th after the captain engaged in “erratic behaviourâ€?. He screamed “They’re going to take us down!â€? and rambled about the Al-Qaeda as passengers pinned him to the oor. An off-duty captain who was a passenger on the ight entered the cockpit and safely landed the plane in Amarillo, Texas. CHOCOLATE EATERS HAVE LOWER BODY MASS, SAYS STUDY Weight-watchers who love chocolate can now have their cake and eat it too. A U.S. study published in March suggested that healthy people who exercise and eat chocolate regularly tend to have a lower body mass than those who eat chocolate less often. The study, which surveyed a population of more than 1,000 adults, reinforces existing notions that chocolate packs a heart-healthy punch. Still, experts urge moderation in consumption, as the rich brown confection can be high in calories

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U. S. FAC I A L TR A N S P L A N T RESTORES MAN’S FACE A gun accident victim who lived as a recluse for 15 years can now literally face the world anew. In what US doctors say is the most extensive facial transplant ever performed, 37-year-old Richard Norris was given a new jaw, set of teeth, and tongue. The 36-hour operation was funded by the United States Navy, which hopes the techniques will help its casualties from Iraq and Afghanistan. TAIWANESE WOMAN COMMITS SUICIDE WHILE CHATTING ON FACEBOOK After growing suspicious that her boyfriend was having an affair, 31-year-old Lin Mei-Heng posted messages on Facebook saying she wanted to take her life. She also posted photos of burning charcoal on March 17th, before shutting the windows of her Taipei at. She suffocated from the noxious fumes, and was found dead the following day by her boyfriend. Reports said nine of her friends had attempted to dissuade her from taking her life, but not a single one called the police. TRANSGENDER BEAUTY CONTESTANT OUSTED FROM MISS UNIVERSE Canadian pageant contestant Jenna Talackova, 23, was one of the 65 ďŹ nalists selected to contend for the title of Miss Universe Canada, but she will not be allowed to compete. Organisers say the 1.85m tall blonde lied about having undergone sexual reassignment surgery, and that the current rules require all contestants to be natural born females. Talackova took to the social networking site Twitter to air her views. “I’m not going to just let them disqualify me over discrimination,â€? she tweeted. “I’m not giving up.â€?


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and sugar, its health benefits notwithstanding.


If you have any exciting events to publicise, please contact us at

In the article, we incorrectly attributed a quote to Mapletree CEO Mr Hiew Yoon Khong. The comment should be attributed to Mr Ho Seng Chee, Mapletree’s Group Chief of Corporate Services. We apologise for the error.


TCM for the future – Page 5

Student hoggers unwelcome 6(5(1( &$, AS the exam period approaches again, benches and study areas around NTU are becoming packedbut not necessarily with students. Jackets, bags, laptops and even money have taken centre stage. “They leave all these things on their table so as to mark their ‘territory’,” said Ms Catherine Tan, the head of Library Promotion Division. This leaves little space in the study areas for other students. “[Seat-hogging] has become quite an issue, even though we do have quite a bit of space in our libraries,” said Ms Tan. The libraries provide a total of 1800 seats. The Lee Wee Nam Library alone has 991 seats available. Mr V Somasundram, assistant librarian in Library Promotion, said librarians have to take measures such as patrolling library tables and moving belongings of owners who leave for more than half an hour. This frees up space for other students. Mr Somasundram also added that this problem is not confined to the libraries alone, but to every study area in NTU. Yap Chor Yen, a final-year student from the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE), recounted his experience at the North Spine’s Reading Room 1.

“It was a Sunday morning. Hardly anyone was around but the tables were about 80 percent occupied,” the 26-year-old said. The situation has led to an inaugural anti-seat hogging campaign initiated by the libraries and the Student Union, titled “Share it. Give it up.” This initiative will see comic strips being pasted on desks, encouraging students who do not need the seats to give them up. The organisers hope to increase awareness and in turn trigger appropriate sharing behaviour. Other measures taken to alleviate the problem are the addition of study tables along the South Spine car park, as well as a revamped study area near the Humanities and Social Sciences library. Yap welcomes these measures. “I’m really quite happy about the new study tables – they’re big and situated in a very convenient location,” he said. Another student, Marcus Yap, 22, echoes these sentiments. “I’m actually really thankful for the new study areas,” said the firstyear student from MAE. He has had to sit on the floor at times as a result of seat-hogging behaviour. However, some students find the placement of the new tables less than optimal. Leow Tien Leng, a second-year

ALL SMILES: Proud winners of the Nanyang Awards flash their pearly whites for the camera. PHOTO | TAN ZHIJIAN

"INVISIBLE" OCCUPANTS: Empty seats but few available as students strew their belongings on the study tables to save a space for themselves. PHOTO | TAN ZHIJIAN

student from the School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences, said that the South Spine car park study areas were conveniently located, but ‘dangerous and noisy.’

“The amount of carbon monoxide from the car exhaust could be harmful. I wouldn’t spend extended amounts of time here,” said Leow, 21.

He added that seat-hogging does not affect him much as he prefers to study in his hall room. “But I do think that this new initiative to raise awareness about seat-hogging is good."

Slow down to be happier, say experts

SMALL GESTURES COUNT: Dr Maureen Neihart believes that simple actions are key to fantastic relationships. PHOTO | COURTESY OF TEDxNTU

5(1(( 32+ Stopping to smell the roses instead of swamping oneself with activities can make one a happier person. Also, experiences should be consumed in a controlled manner, as too many activities will over-

whelm us, said Dr Anna Leybina, a psychologist and lecturer at the Raffles College of Higher Education. Dr Leybina was speaking on consumerism and its effect on happiness at the TEDxNTU conference, titled ‘The Pursuit of Happiness”. The conference was held on March 17th

at the Lee Kong Chian Lecture Theatre and featured eight speakers with their insights on happiness. Using the example of travelling on a bus, she said, “It’s the best time to relax. But people are constantly reading, listening to music. It’s very easy to say ‘stop’, I need to rest, (but hard to do).” Apart from being overloaded by experiences, research has shown that social isolation makes people less happy. This suggests having healthy social relationships is crucial to happiness, which was the focus of child psychologist Dr Maureen Frances Neihart’s speech. She introduced the Losada ratio, the ratio of positive to negative comments one receives. A minimally positive ratio is necessary to succeed while a strongly positive ratio will enable one to thrive. Masters student Maria Piengsangtip from NIE thought it was interesting how tiny interactions could have such a big impact. She said, “It boils down to simple things that you can do. Happiness sounds

so simple but yet somehow it’s not really achieved.” Most of the speakers believe happiness is a decision, and depends on the actions and life choices one makes.

“Happiness sounds so simple but yet somehow it's not really achieved.” Maria Piengsangtip Masters student National Institute of Education

A video by Dan Gilbert introduced the Bernoulli equation, where the happiness outcome of our actions depends on how we estimate the odds and value of gaining it. Ernest Tan, 28, also an NIE Masters student, said, “When perceiving certain events, our biases can cloud our decision-making and make things less happy.”

But an alternative view that a large part of our happiness level is attributed to genetics was also proposed. Both Mr Benedict Lim, corporate psychologist of psychological consulting firm iGrow, and entertainment lawyer Mr Samuel Seow advocate the happiness formula. Essentially, 50 per cent of happiness is dependent on our genes, 40 per cent on intentions or activities and 10 per cent on the situation. The combination intrigued Vu Dung Le, 20, a first-year student from the School of Materials Science and Engineering. He previously felt happiness was derived from helping others. “My perspective has not changed much but I realised that the biological aspect is also important,” he said. Mr Lim gave his personal take on happiness. “It is not just something that is abstract and fleeting. Many people think it is far away, ‘I can only get it when I achieve something.’ Happiness is an attitude, a process.”


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New media facilities to enhance WKWSCI

Wedding proposal company aims to help you marry *$1 :(,/,1*

MUTUAL UNDERSTANDING: WAN-IFRA Deputy CEO Thomas Jacob (left) and NTU Provost Freddy Boey (right) sign a Memorandum of PHOTO | LAU KIA YONG Understanding, while WKWSCI Chair, A/P Benjamin Detenber, looks on.

/,$2 ;,$1*-81 IT IS no longer enough to just read the news — consumers want to see it in a video and hear it as well. Come September 2012, NTU will be home to Asia’s first Newsplex – a next-generation training facility built around addressing this need. The 160-square meter, half-amillion dollar Newsplex Asia will be located in the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information (WKWSCI). It will help to prepare NTU students, taking relevant courses, for newsrooms of the future. During the holidays, professional news organisations will be able to make use of the facility, which was jointly established with the World Association of Newspapers and News Publishers (WAN-IFRA). A Memorandum of Understanding was signed between NTU Provost and Deputy President Freddy Boey and WANIFRA Deputy CEO Thomas Jacob on March 27th. NTU will provide infrastructure and premises for the Newsplex, while its students will gain access to WAN-IFRA seminars, knowledge bases and its net-

work of companies and publications. Newsplex Asia will be the fourth of its kind in the world. WAN-IFRA’s first Newsplex was founded in the University of South Carolina in 2002. A second facility, Newsplex Europe, was unveiled in Germany in 2005. The International Media Centre in Saint-Etienne, France, will be operational this month. The ‘Newsplex philosophy’ is what drives WAN-IFRA’s vision in its revamp of the classic newsroom, which focuses on delivering stories to one single medium. In the upcoming Newsplex, preparing a multimedia experience for media consumers is a priority. “Not only do (consumers) want to choose how and when they will access news and information, they also want to decide for themselves what is relevant to their world,” Mr Jacob said. Associate Professor Benjamin Detenber, chair of WKWSCI, said that the school’s students are already actively generating media content, and are well-positioned to make use of the new facilities. “This would bring them together and give them opportunity to leverage these different platforms and

perhaps generate new types of content," said Dr Detenber. Already, campus radio station Radio Fusion is drawing up plans for news- and sportscasts, according to Assistant Professor Bradley Freeman, who oversees the Radio Practicum module. The relevant information is to be fed to its Canteen B booth from the Newsplex. Aside from content changes, the layout of the room will also streamline production workflow. The arrangement of the desks will allow editors and writers to convene with each other quickly, as well as refer to overhanging screens which facilitate quick sharing of information. Even NTU students outside of WKWSCI also showed interest in the Newsplex. Gan Chong Zhi, a second-year student from Nanyang Business School, said that he had previously considered taking mediarelated practicums. “Even as a business student it would be interesting to experience the equipment first-hand,” the 22-year-old said. “With such cool infrastructure in place, I would definitely want to explore it.”

HELP is at hand for guys who wish to propose to their significant others, but are not confident about how to proceed. Wedding proposal company Help You Marry helps clients propose to their significant others. Founded by NUS graduate Ms Jennifer Goh, 26, and her two business associates, Mr Lee Ming Hui and Mr Zee Koh, it targets young professionals aged 26-35 and above. “Many guys believe that marriage proposal is a significant moment... but they may not know how exactly to create the settings they have in mind, or may be clueless as to where to start from. So, this is where we come in,” said Ms Goh. They oversee the entire process, from conceptualising ideas to capturing them on video. Costs range around $2000- $3000 on average, but prices vary according to the scale of the proposal. Ms Goh said the price is reasonable for her clients, adding that it is rewarding for them to see what they have in mind materialised into reality. But would there be demand for such a service among NTU graduates? “Yes, I would (use this service),” said Steven Chia, 26, a NTU graduate from the School of H u m a n i t ie s a nd S o c i a l Sciences, who works as a producer in a film company. “It always helps to have professional guidance, especially in such a matter of importance,” he added. However, some others felt that the loss of spontaneity and high costs would turn them off from pre-arranging that special moment.

“It might be more efficient, but you lose the joy and excitement of planning your perfect surprise for that perfect person.” Samuel Tay Final-year student School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences

“It might be more efficient, but you lose the joy and excitement of planning and executing your perfect surprise for that perfect person. Some things just cannot be outsourced,” said Samuel Tay, 25, a final-year student in Math and Economics. Technical Support Specialist


Chan Yenmei, 25, agreed. The NTU graduate from the School of Biological Engineering, who recently got engaged, added, “$2000-3000 is too pricey for couples like us who are fresh graduates, considering we still have tuition loans to repay.” Many students, however, felt that the thought put into a proposal is what makes it count. Jade Neo, an NTU graduate from HSS and now a Junior College teacher, said that she might accept a proposal planned by the company “if my boyfriend is actively participating in the entire proposal.” T he 26 -yea r- old adde d , “Sincerity is important; it doesn’t have to be perfect or a very big affair, he can sing a song, and sing it out-of-tune, but if the effort is there, it’s enough to melt a girl's heart.” Experts agree that the personal touch matters when it comes to marriage proposals. “Tips from professionals will not hurt the relationship, but it would be better if the groom-to-be personally figures out about what the bride-tobe expects from him,” said Assistant Professor Jung Younbo from the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information, who lectures in Interpersonal Communication. “A present is not just a tangible product inside of a box, it’s the intangible process of thinking about the recipient that matters,” he added. Guys who have proposed to their female partners say that the key to success is to remain relaxed and natural. Manson Yip, 28, a secondary school teacher, who recently proposed to his fiancée, said, “I’m very sure she would have minded if I’ve engaged the company, she would feel that the ideas did not come from me and the romantic feelings would all seem orchestrated and manipulated professionally.” The NTU graduate from the Sc hool of C i v i l E ng i ne e r i ng added: “Just chill out and remain focused. Don’t run a show. Just go for the girl.”

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TCM IN SINGAPORE Q: Why is TCM important to the medicine industry and what do you foresee in its development in Singapore? A: TCM provides an alternative to Western medicine for the promotion of health and the treatment of certain illnesses. TCM can also play a complementary role to Western treatments by providing further treatment, such as acupuncture to relieve pain in addition to drugs prescribed by the Western medical doctor. I believe that with better understanding of TCM by local doctors, the complementary role can grow in credibility and usefulness. Q: What do you think are some of the advantages of TCM as compared to those of Western medicine? A: By the nature of its methods and its view of the functioning of the human body, the TCM physician is more likely to look at an illness in the body more holistically than would be the average Western doctor. TCM also aims to remove the root causes of the condition, although this sometimes requires longer periods of treatment.

“TCM aims to remove the root causes of the condition, although this sometimes requires longer periods of treatment.â€? Western medicine is very advanced in the use of modern science and technology to diagnose and treat illnesses, and is able to identify and isolate the pathogens that underlie many diseases. It has also developed powerful drugs and intervention methods which immediate efďŹ cacy cannot be matched by TCM.

Q: How do both TCM and Western medical practice complement each other? Which kinds of illnesses best suit this kind of medical combination? A: There are many areas in which TCM can play a complementary role. I shall mention three here. •Treatment of chronic pain such as backaches, neck, shoulder and elbow joints, muscular pain Acupuncture and tuina (Chinese massage) can be used in conjunction with Western medications to provide relief.

“(Western medicine) has developed powerful drugs and intervention methods which immediate efďŹ cacy cannot be matched by TCM.â€? •Gastrointestinal disorders Western medical diagnostic tools, including gastroscopic and colonoscopic examinations, blood tests, stool analysis and detection of the helicobacter pylori bacterium that contribute to the development of stomach ulcers and cancers, provide useful information to TCM practitioners who then proceed to treat the patient using Chinese medical methods, if those are thought to be appropriate. •Cancer management Surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy often leave the cancer patient weak and with their immune system impaired. Chinese herbal treatments can help to build up internal strength and contribute to a better quality of life and improved prognosis for the patient. Q: Many people in Singapore have misconceptions of TCM as being not credible and unreliable due to the lack of scientiďŹ c backing. How do you think that can be overcome? A: Through more evidence gained from properly-conducted scientiďŹ c clinical trials. Q: The reputation of TCM has taken a hit due to frequent sales of illegal or fake medication— do you have any suggestions for regulating these counterfeits and restoring conďŹ dence?

A: Much of the problem with harmful medications is the addition of Western drugs to the Chinese formulation, something that is forbidden by law. It is the Western drugs that have the harmful side effects, but they damage the reputation of TCM medications. The only solution is greater vigilance on the part of doctors and regulatory authorities. Q: What, in your opinion, is the best way of promoting TCM to the public? A: The public should be educated as to how TCM works and be made more aware of those areas in which TCM can potentially offer methods that are viable alternatives to those of Western medicine. In my opinion, TCM is strong in preventative health care, which is part of what we call yangsheng, as well as in the management of chronic illnesses like irritable bowel syndrome, dry persistent coughs, constipation, insomnia, menstrual problems and early stages of arthritis, Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure and coronary heart disease. TCM uses gentler and slower methods for such conditions.

“TCM is strong in preventative health care... as well as in the management of chronic illnesses.â€? TCM IN NTU Q: Why do you think it’s important to have a double degree in biomedical sciences and TCM in Singapore? How can graduates contribute to the medical scene in Singapore? A: TCM practitioners with training in the biomedical sciences are a valuable addition to the TCM community as they are better equipped to provide biomedical interpretations of the TCM methods of diagnosis and therapy. They are also more likely to take up post-graduate courses and engage in clinical research, which is greatly needed to validate TCM theory and increase the credibility of the TCM profession. Q: How do you think the new Lee Kong Chian School of Medicine is going to inuence the double degree program? A: I hope that the Lee Kong

PREACHING WHAT HE PRACTISES: Professor Hong Hai spoke in favour of increasing research and clinical trials in order to strengthen TCM's reputation. PHOTO | COURTESY OF NTU CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS

Chian School of Medicine, in line with great medical schools like Harvard and Johns Hopkins, will have a department of alternative and complementary medicine. The NTU double degree program should naturally have a strategic partnership with such a department. Q: Chinese medicine is taught in Chinese. This is an impediment

for students who are not wellversed in Chinese but are interested in TCM. How do you think we can overcome this? A: There is no serious problem in teaching TCM in English or other languages. It is extensively done in other countries like Australia (RMIT), UK (Middlesex) and many universities in Germany, Japan and Korea.

Adventurous and accomplished Professor Hong Hai is a Senior Fellow at the Institute of Advanced Studies (IAS) in NTU. He is also a Professorial Fellow in the College of Business, and was previously a Dean of the school. Professor Hong has been a registered TCM practitioner since 2003. He sat on the TCM Practitioners Board from 2001 to 2007 and was Chairman of its Academic Committee and Audit Committee. He was also president and chief executive ofďŹ cer of the diversiďŹ ed group Haw Par Corporation from 1990 to 2003. As a former Member of Parliament, he was previously the chairman of the Government Parliamentary Committee on Health.

After graduating with electrical engineering and economics degrees, Professor Hong took up TCM as a personal interest after initial TCM consultations as a patient himself. He spent 6 years studying TCM part time before graduating from The Singapore Institute of Chinese Medical Studies. He then furthered his graduate studies for 4 years at the Beijing University of Chinese Medicine. Professor Hong will be speaking at the International Symposium on Theory and Evidence for Acupuncture on 2122 August at the Nanyang Executive Centre in NTU. The talk, organised by IAS, is open to the public and fees will be waived for local students.


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Driving the green message home %5,$1 /(21$/ AN electric taxi (e-taxi) that will be as iconic to Singapore as the Black Cab is to London is what a joint research programme with NTU hopes to develop. As compared to cars, taxis operate 24 hours a day and seven days a week. This means that though taxis only make up three percent of the total number of vehicles in Singapore, they consume 14 percent of the total gasoline consumption. These are reasons why a research collaboration between NTU and Technische Universität München (TUM) decided to focus on building and designing an e-taxi. T h e c ol l a b or at ion , T U M CREATE, is named for the Munich university and NUS-based Campus

for Research Excellence A nd Technological Enterprise (CREATE). The demonstrator e-taxi is scheduled to be released in 2014. “Germany is a global frontrunner in vehicle design and production, while Singapore leads the way in high-tech parts production,” said Professor Ulrich Stimming, CEO of TUM CREATE. He added that scientists and engineers from both countries are collaborating to develop innovations in electric transport for large cities. A challenge faced by the team of 90 was to invent a battery that would not require overnight or frequent charging and yet be able to support the air-conditioning demands in Singapore. Initially, var ious ways of charging batteries, such as battery

A GREENER TWO-WHEELER: The team envisioned the electric bike as a substitute to shuttle buses around school. PHOTO | BRIAN LEONAL

FUTURISTIC: The preliminary design of the e-taxi emerged after a design workshop in early March. GRAPHIC | COURTESY OF TUM CREATE

swapping and fuel cells, were considered. Eventually, the team decided to focus on fast charging. Be yond t he e-ta x i it self, TUM CREATE values the spinoff research produced, such as the technology for the batteries, computer programs, designs or fast charging stations. "T he real product of t his research is knowledge. The taxi may never be mass-produced as a consumer product; instead the spin-off research and findings may be the most important result,” said Associate Professor Ng Heong Wah, NTU Principal Investigator at TUM CREATE. While the e-taxi is still in development, another electric vehicle has been built in NTU. The NTU Green and Sustainable Technologies Societ y (GSTS) envisioned students getting around school on electric bicycles (e-bikes)

instead of taking the shuttle buses . The e-bike is a motorised bicycle that can travel up to 25 kilometers per hour. It requires three and a half hours to charge the battery fully, and can be effectively used for 16 to 20 hours. The e-bike uses no gasoline and it can be charged using household power points. P r e s i d e n t of G S T S S h a h Devvrat Jayraj, 18, had intended to commercialise the e-bike in NTU with a few stations around NTU where the e-bike can be rented from and returned to. The production of the e-bikes had begun early last year and 25 bikes have been produced since then. Their aim to make it affordable to the school population meant that the team worked to lower production costs. Each bike costs $800 to produce and an e-bike produced outside could not have a lower production cost, according to Shah.

However, the project has been halted since August last year, due to limited funding. “We wanted to make it 100% clean by adopting solar panel stations. However, that cost us at least $20,000 to build one,” said Shah, the first-year student from the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. The e-bikes are now only for showcasing purposes and are with the Energy Research Institute @ NTU, whom GSTS had worked with for the project. Also featured at the GreenTECH 2012 was Nanyang Venture 5, a solar powered car. Devika Shinde, a third-year student from the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, was one of its creators. She estimates that it will be two or more decades before solar-powered vehicles become a household presence.

REAL STEALS FOR A GOOD CAUSE: Students buy marked-down goods at the BHG Bazaar, held in the Nanyang Auditorium in March. Seven per cent of the profits were donated to the NTU Students' Union Fund, to support NTU's bursaries and emergency grants. PHOTO | MUHAMMAD ALFIAN


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NTU literary festival takes flight How to tell a good story Timothy O Grady, Kristina Marie Tom, and Ben Slater discussed challenges they face in crafting characters and stories from real-life experiences.

Ben Slater: “I’ve found that, personally, if a character is too similar to you, you often end up with this passive observer character who is ‘you' in the text, and who’s not very interesting… That’s why you need to make the leap to change the details and motivations."

BUDDING WRITERS TAKE NOTE: Writers shared their advice and experiences at a panel discussion.

%(1-$0,1 02(< NTU’s first-ever literary festival, Lines of Flight, kick-started a daylong celebration of creative writing and literature on March 17th. The festival aimed to highlight NTU’s creative writing programme through writing workshops and panel discussions. He ld at t he Sc hool of Humanities and Social Sciences (HSS) building, Lines of Flight was organised by Assistant Professor Jen n ifer Cr aw ford f rom HSS English department. It featured NTU writers-in-residence Grace C h ia K r a kov ic a nd T i mot h y O’Grady, NTU-affiliated lecturers and writers such as Ben Slater and Kristina Marie Tom, and NUS writer-in-residence Jay Bernard.

“You want to write; you want to find something inside your soul that you want to communicate to other people.” NTU writer-in-residence Timothy O'Grady

During the first half of the festival, panelist writers shared advice and experiences from their writing career. “You want to write; you want to find something inside your soul that you want to communicate to other people,” said Timothy O’Grady, a freelance journalist and author of six books, to the festival’s 120 participants. “Otherwise you wouldn’t go through the misery of writing.” In addition, st udents were treated to poetr y readings by their professors, who assumed the roles of literary figures during the festival. They were pleasantly

surprised when Assistant Professor Crawford read excerpts from her poem, Soft Shroud. She said it was a piece partly inspired by tango dance rhythms, which explored themes of emptiness and lack. “I’m her student in the Advanced Creative Writing module, but she didn’t show us any of her pieces,” said Faisal Husni, 24. “We never got to know how good she was. So for the first time, it was just, “wow.” All of us were just speechless. So that was the highlight of my day,” added the third-year student from the School of Art, Design and Media. Other students also said they appreciated the efforts taken to organise the literar y festival, adding that it enhanced what they had learnt in school. “By br i ngi ng i n d i f ferent performers and writers all into one area, Professor Crawford enabled us to learn from them and concentrate our creativity within a single session,” said audience member Jasvinder Kaur Pannu, 19. “It’s a great way to open up dialogue, and complements the spirit of learning, which is what a university is all about,” added the first-year student from HSS, who was the ar tistic director of Epiphany’s LitFest earlier in March. Epiphany is NTU’s English and Drama Society. I n add it ion , N T U s t ude nt w r i t e r s w e r e i n t r o d u c e d to writing resources and upcoming events by representatives from the National Book Development Council. Some examples include the yearly “All-In! Young Writer’s Media Festival” and the online Writer’s Resource Kit. The festival was capped off with an evening performance by Timothy O’Grady. The writer read excerpts from his novel, I Could Read The Sky, while being accompanied by Serbian violinist Vuk K rakovic. Following that were impromptu performances by students from Epiphany, who presented self-composed plays, poems, and short stories.


Kristina Marie Tom: “I don’t find myself beholden to reporting something that’s purely factual. I work with what is convenient, what is ugly, what is beautiful… but I always try to be respectful about what I am observing.” “When all your characters are just thinly veiled personas for yourself, things tend to get boring. One person’s life tends to be boring. I think inhabiting other characters tends to be an exercise in empathy.” Timothy O'Grady: “They (characters) are kind of like Frankensteins. They’re bits of many things.”




PHOTO-WALK BLACK, WHITE, SWING, SNAP: (Top left) Flats in Wessex Estate looking quaint and all uniform in its black and white state. (Top right) Yong En impressed to see two retro and quirky chairs sitting in the middle of the ďŹ eld. (Middle) A fellow photowalker takes on the swing, only to ďŹ nd out that he was not allowed on it later on. (Bottom) Adorned with bright blue walls, Colbar stands prominent apart from the black and white buildings in the estate.


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prowl through the grass of an unknown area, camera locked into one hand. My finger clicks the control dial and adjusts the shutter speed. My eyes frame everything in sight, my other four senses alert for anything that might change the composition. My other hand steadies the camera to take aim, and shoot. I check the mini LCD display. I have just nailed what I call a “photo of the day”. If I sound like a hunter, it is because I feel like a hunter. Yet ironically, I often come across people whose “hunting” days are over–couples with wedding photographers in tow. Not surprising, considering that these locations offer a surreal mix of the modern and the vintage to give photos a magical touch that studios cannot. These are the wedding photographers’ secret locations, revealed.

WESSEX ESTATE Tay Yong En, 22, is a junior photographer and is my acquaintance in all of my photowalks so far. She dreams about owning a lorry so that she can transport sofa sets to the middle of nowhere for photoshoots. Her eyes widen as she sees two retro chairs sitting in a wide field in Wessex Estate as if it belongs there. Pouncing on the opportunity, she commands her shots and other photo-walkers on our trip become her subjects. Apart from the rows of black and white colonial houses, there are plenty of oddities that you will not find in a typical Singaporean housing estate: tyres hanging from trees for kids to swing in, trampolines on grass patches, vintage cars by the roadside, an old bus stop facing a waste patch of grass, and an abandoned water tank. After a day of walking, give your feet a break at Colbar at Whitchurch Road within the estate. This brightly painted café, back in its glory days, was a gastronomical oasis for the British military officers and soldiers. And here you will find

yourself in another pit stop for old-school photography. Off Commonwealth and Buona Vista, bus 191 is the only mode of transport that feeds this quaint estate. It comprises of less than a dozen bungalows and 26 small blocks of flats, housing creative firms, painters, actors, musicians, photographers, writers and designers. It is no wonder that this tranquil estate has transformed into their playground.

THE WHITE RABBIT @DEMPSEY HILL Arched entrances, stone pathways and stained glass windows—this is not your ordinary chapel. This is The White Rabbit, located at 39C Harding Street, where wedding photographers make fairy tales happen. Inspired by the whimsical world of Alice in Wonderland, the restaurant’s arched entrance resembles a rabbit’s hole, made of bent bamboo branches. In the day, streaks of sunlight filter through, throwing strips of shadow on the stone pathway. It leads in to a beautifully restored white chapel that houses its restaurant-pub. The stained glass windows decorate the interior with coloured rays and evoke the atmosphere of a wedding ceremony. The white straw sofa and white brick wall outside were popular among my fellow photo-walkers, but we quickly got bored after a few shots. Then something caught our eye. A broken fence leading to empty grassland overlooks a red church made of bricks, Saint George’s Church, flanked by red and white communication towers. It is the perfect backdrop to catch the golden hour, the perfect time to pose for a jump shot, the perfect moment to take some silhouette shots. Formerly the British army barracks, Dempsey Hill’s landscape has been transformed into a niche area filled with art galleries, shops, bars and restaurants like The White Rabbit. There is definitely

room for exploration for an adventurous photo-walker.

ANN SIANG HILL Known for its bohemian vibe, the urban shophouses are the camera’s architectural eyecandies. A few houses still hold Chinese clan associations from fifty years ago, but most have been converted to restaurants, office spaces for independent fashion and creative businesses, and quirky retail shops to attract the younger crowd. Walking in from Maxwell Food Centre, a neat line of white shophouses defined with stark black windows welcome us into the enclave. Inside, the shophouses take on more individuality with splashes of colour—a red one with jadegreen peranakan tiles, a cool blue one with white windows, a yellow one with blue windows and a metal-railed balcony, and more. They all take on their own personas such that each shophouse can be a photography set by itself. The polygonalshaped street lamps that line the streets are the cherry on top.

OTHER LOCALES • Straight long roads lined with uniform trees, lalang bushes and airplanes: Changi Coast Road “Lampost 171”, which lies behind the Changi Airport and is only accessible by car. • HDB wonder: 24th story of Bras Basah Complex flat. Being up there will reveal the splendour of the city—Suntec City, the Esplanade, Marina Bay Sands and Chinatown at one side and the Indoor Stadium and Kallang River at the other. • Old HDB estate: Tiong Bahru SIT Flats at Tiong Bahru Road, Seng Poh Road and Tiong Poh Road. • Dilapidated shophouses: MacKenzie Road near Little India MRT. • We l l - p r e s e r v e d p e r a n a k a n shop-houses: Blair Plain at the Tanjong Pagar area. • Old-school neighbourhood: Dragon playground area at Blk 26 Toa Payoh Lorong 6.

HIGH-END CAM WHORE: (Left) The white furniture at The White Rabbit invites tired photo-walkers to take a break while still snapping away. (Right) Checkered is the theme of the day for a photo-walk along Ann Siang Hill. (Bottom) Going candid at the wide grassland on Dempsey Hill. This black and white photo was taken using a vintage camera.






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The key is to pack light so that you can enjoy your walk. Settle with a lens that you are most comfortable with. I use a Tamron AF 17-50mm, f2.8 lens as it offers me a great variation of shots–both wide angle for architecture and medium shots for people. For a ‘bokeh’ effect and sharp details, Yong En recommends a 50mm, f1.8 lens. To capture the different effects, you could exchange lenses with your friends during the trip. Be sure to go in the company of two, three or more photographers. They are useful for many reasons. They can be your photo subjects and they can also accommodate for your lack of direction. Something that my photo-walk group likes to do is to dress in a theme so that there is a certain uniformity when your friends take a photo of you and when you take a photo of them. It is always tempting to tell your friends to pose for you while you take a photo of them, but it often looks unnatural. A better way would be to tell your friends to smile and then only capture the genuine laugh that usually comes after the awkward smile.

CELEBRATE YOUR WINS For every photo-walk, I always end off with a “photo of the day,” which I display on Facebook and Tumblr to celebrate the day of aimless wandering. To spice things up on your photo-walk, you can also organise a friendly photo contest. This provides a platform for the group to share ideas and help one another hone their skills.



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A DIFFERENT STARBUCKS: While the usual Starbucks discourage students to hog the seats for their long periods of study, the Rochester branch welcomes them.









INSTEAD of mugging at the usual crowded fast-food haunts, tr y Veganburg instead. A short walk away from Eunos MRT, this is the place for the Easties. Its white, minimalist decor gives the illusion of spaciousness, although it only has 10 tables. These tables are large, so there is plenty of space to spread out your books or stretch your legs. Floor-to-ceiling windows allow natural light to stream in, making studying easy on the eyes. There are also a few tables outside, if you need some fresh air. Veganburg has a quiet and serene environment that makes it easy to concentrate, although the electro-pop background music may prove grating to the ears. An added bonus is you do not have to feel guilty if you need to munch on something while studying. Veganburg serves tasty, preser vative- and gluten-free organic burgers. Its Smoky BBQ burger and Char-Grilled Satay burger cost around $5.85, or $10.85 as a set meal. A minus point is they do not have power plugs.

ITS exterior is nondescript and uninviting, but The Tea Party has a homely feel inside. With its striking red and black colour scheme, plush armchairs, couc hes a nd low tables , t he cafe's decor creates an intimate ambience, perfect for whiling the afternoon away with your books. Upstairs, it is even better for studying. The cafe's acoustic music fades into background noise, making it easy to focus, but its dim lighting may strain your eyes after a while. The place is usually empty, save for an occasional group of students from nearby schools. There are power sockets available and free Wi-Fi upon request. Tr y their rich and butter y scones for a lit t le af ter noon pick-me-up for $2.30. They come in raisin, chocolate chip and cranberry. You can also ďŹ ght the fatigue and calm your nerves with some top-grade fragrant white, green or black tea.

S T U DY I NG at Or c ha r d on a Saturday may seem ironic, but it is not the case if done at Quiznos. Free from the noisy crowds normally thronging the malls, you can ponder over complex theories in quiet Orchard Central. Tucked away on the third oor, the warm lighting, wooden tables, and plush couches offer an inviting space rivaling that of typical cafes. Pocket sockets are available at almost every table, so there is no need to worry about your laptop running out of battery. T he pat ron s a re most ly young adu lts and univer sit y u nde r g r adu ate s–a r me d w it h laptops and stacks of readings. You can refuel with a quick sandwich ďŹ x, like their bestselling Zesty Grilled Steak ($7.50, sixinch) . Marketed as a higherend version of Subway, their gour met sandwiches come in generous servings. Alternatively, a bowl of chicken noodle soup or broccoli and cheese soup ($4) is a satisfying option.

Accessibility: 3.5/5 Conduciveness: 4.5/5 Food: 3.5/5

Accessibility: 4/5 Conduciveness: 3.5/5 Food: 5/5

RELAX, IT IS ALL IN THE MIND: (Top) Despite being spartan-looking, The Tea Party is surprisingly conducive. (Bottom) As an international airport cafe, CafĂŠ Ritazza seeks to be the travellers' haven, but will soon ďŹ nd itself the students' haven.



DEEP in the heart of Buona Vista lies a hidden gem. Housed in a gorgeous, double-storey colonial house, this is the ďŹ rst Starbucks “destination storeâ€? in Singapore. On the ďŹ rst oor, there are few tables inside, with plenty of outdoor seats. The second oor has more choices, with large tables, couches or two-seaters. Furnished with classic wood f loor i ng a nd blac k-bordered windows which overlook t he greenery, the place provides an escape from modern city life. Those who want to get even closer to nature can sit at the tables at the long balcony with ceiling fans to beat the heat. Starbucks @Rochester also sells pastas, soups, and handmade sandwiches, unavailable at other Starbucks outlets. The aromatic coffee, romantic location, charming decor, and proximit y to nature all come together to make this Starbucks an irresistible combination.

WHILE the staff at Starbucks’ Terminal 2 outlet have been known to ban students from studying there, students are rarely interrupted or asked to leave CaffÊ Ritazza in Terminal 1. With only a few travellers who stop by for a quick coffee or sandwich, CaffÊ Ritazza is less crowded than the usual cafes at t he air por t. Spacious and brightly lit, the environment is ideal for intense cramming. Wi-Fi connection is weak, so you may need a mobile data plan hotspot. The coffees may set you back a little at $6-7 for a small cup, but for its uncompromising quality, it is worth the price. There are premium coffees of delicious blends like the Viennese, an espresso with whipped cream and cinnamon, and the Affogato, an espresso with vanilla gelato. If you are feeling a lit tle daring, try the Irish Mocha for $ 6.80, a cocktai l made w it h sweetened Irish whiskey, coffee and double cream.

Accessibility: 4/5 Conduciveness: 4.5/5 Food: 3.5/5

Accessibility: 2.5/5 Conduciveness: 4/5 Food: 4/5

Accessibility: 3.5/5 Conduciveness: 4/5 Food: 4/5

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TOP: The baroque ceiling complements the Victorian theme of Queens Dessert Cafe Bistro. 2ND FROM TOP: The entrance to the King Louis is set on the highest oor of Vivocity. 3RD FROM TOP: The King Lancelot banquet is literally served on a silver platter. BOTTOM: Treat yourself to tea like a Queen (fancy tea set included). PHOTOS | LUNA H. PHAM, INTERNET & COURTESY OF QUANTAM VENTURES GROUP INC.

f the King Louis Grill & Bar and Queens Dessert Cafe Bistro were a real-life royal couple, they would not be William and Kate. Think someone loud instead, like the king in The Emperor’s New Clothes. Priding itself as the ďŹ rst medieval castle-themed restaurant in Singapore, the King Louis does everything it can to prove itself worthy of its title. The restaurant’s colourful exterior feels like a Disney ride entrance, with knights in shining armour to boot. A gilded doorframe leads to an interior furnished with rows of rustic wooden tables, and castles painted on walls which hammer the message home. But do not let the showy dĂŠcor fool you. The food here is genuinely hearty, fresh and more medieval than anything else around. The King Louis’ specials are its Knight’s and Queen’s banquets. The Knight Lancelot banquet ($132.50++ for 4-5 people) heaps grilled beef, chicken, ďŹ sh, king prawns and mussels on a silver king-sized platter with steamy roast potatoes and sautĂŠed vegetables. The roast beef is beautifully charred on the outside and yet pink on the inside when cut, yielding tenderly to the bite. The sautĂŠed green mussels in fresh tomato sauce are impressively moist and succulent. The king prawns and chicken are slightly chewy and while perfectly decent, are probably something you can ďŹ nd in your neighbourhood hawker centres. The crown for the banquet, though, goes to the fresh ďŹ sh in garlic cream sauce. The garlic tang enhanced the sweetness of the meat, while the creamy combination simply melted in my mouth with each bite. This spread is a meat-lover’s dream, and it is as medieval as

it gets. You can almost imagine scores of knights sinking their teeth into the thick beef, gravy dripping down their beards and beer mugs in hand. If meat is not your thing, try the King Louis Signature Mushroom Soup ($7.90), which is rich, and complemented with chewy chunks of shiitake mushrooms. Prices may seem steep, but the portions are king-sized. Its rooftop view from Vivocity is also worth paying extra for: it overlooks the garden-themed Sentosa Boardwalk and waterfront.

The King Louis and Queens are like your ostentatious neighbours: boastful, but kind at heart. From the restaurant, you can watch the Resorts World Crane Dance every Friday to Monday at 9pm and Lake Hollywood Spectacular ďŹ reworks at Universal Studios Singapore every Friday to Sunday at 9.30pm. Only 10 minutes away by foot, Queens Dessert CafĂŠ Bistro, has a similar concept. Queens, the younger sister of the King Louis, also boasts a spectacular view on the Sentosa Boardwalk. Like the King Louis, it tries to accommodate the royal theme with its Victorian furniture, chandeliers and baroque-style ceiling. Its delicate tea set ($12) is served on gilded china, consisting of a slice of cake, ice cream and your choice of tea or coffee. I would personally recom-

mend the Vittoria coffee, a full-bodied and aromatic latte sourced from Australia, as the tea is simply Lipton English Breakfast. The cake, Hazelnut Dacquoise, had a dense, sticky ďŹ lling and a tasteless meringue crust. The ice cream is not housemade but from Ben and Jerry’s. The main dishes are fantastic. In the most unqueenly fashion, get your ďŹ ngers dirty by digging into the airy Beerbattered Classic Fish and Chips ($16.90) or the Banana Bacon Bites ($9.50), a dish contrasting sweet and soft banana chunks with crispy bacon. But do yourself a favour and stay away from the royal overkill indoors. Get a table outdoors and up-close to the breathtaking waterfront, where there is live music every night. The King Louis and Queens, in all honesty, are probably better off without their showy design, as they serve up great food in great locations. They are like your ostentatious neighbours: boastful, but kind at heart. Go there for their fresh, genuine dishes and tune out the dĂŠcor.




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travelogue: an Australia twin-feature



he shutters of shops in the city were down. Few people were on the streets. Even the nearby McDonald's was closing, but a friendly waiter told me I could chomp on my cheeseburger as he packed up. I checked my watch. It was 8.15pm. Nothing could have prepared me better for the drastic change in lifestyle than a visitor from Melbourne who said that I would “hate it� in Adelaide. Compared to busier cities like Sydney and Melbourne, life in Adelaide crawls. Supermarkets close by 5pm on weekends. Cashiers casually ask about your day at checkouts, ignoring the snaking queue of customers behind. Known as Australia's "retirement town", even driving on the wrong lane of a busy road does not earn any angry honks. The city has earned its reputation—it does not have the amusement parks of Queensland, the scenic draw of Sydney, or the vast farmlands in Perth. Apart from Barossa Valley, Australia's most famous wine region, a tour of the Coopers Brewery is just as worthwhile. While Barossa Valley was one and a half hour's drive away, Coopers Brewery is nearer to the city and is the biggest familyowned brewery in Australia. For AUD22 (AUD1=SGD1.30), a guide took us through the brew house and showed us the step-by-step process of beer production. Then came my favourite part: a sampling of over 10 brews of pale ale, lager

CHOCOLATE ON CHOCOLATE: Take sweet respite at Chocolate Bean, a quaint independent cafĂŠ.

STRAWBERRY FIELDS FOREVER: Handpicking your own strawberries on ďŹ elds that stretch on endlessly would be fun unless you have a phobia of bees.

and dark beer, which were very tasty and left me ( just a little) tipsy. Our gastronomic quest also included Beerenberg Farm, where you can pick strawberries under the watchful eyes of buzzing honeybees. After spending more than a month here, I realised that South Australians don’t like being in the action. They love the slow and laidback life and their local cafes—most of

which are packed even during working hours on weekdays. Surprisingly (or not), very few large coffee chains stay to compete with the slew of successful, but smaller cafes here. Coffee giant Starbucks, for one, shut all its three stores in 2008, after losses that amounted up to AUD36 million in one year. At the Central Market, Big Table serves up frothy variations of the best coffee I’ve

FLOCKING TO DINNER: An Australian feeds seagulls at Glenelg Beach—a daunting experience for a ďŹ rst-timer. PHOTOS | COURTESY OF ASHLEY TAY & ANNABELLE LIANG

had at AUD3.50 a cup. It also serves all-day breakfast with croissants and wafes. A Big Breakfast comes with a generous serving of mushrooms with pesto, scrambled eggs, bacon, grilled tomatoes, and thick buttery toast. It goes at AUD13.90 for a full serving and is large enough for two.

Nothing could have prepared me better for the drastic change in lifestyle than a visitor from Melbourne who said that I would “hate itâ€? in Adelaide. Hike down Rundle Street, Adelaide's shopping district, and f ind Chocolate Bean—a quaint, two-storey cafĂŠ. Its iced chocolate drinks from AUD4.30 are not too sweet and served in chocolate-lined glasses. If cafĂŠs are not your cup of tea, take a tram out of the city to catch the sunset at Glenelg beach. Grab a takeaway snack box of ďŹ sh and chips. Feed the seagulls, take photographs and dine freely, alfresco style. A longside us, many families were enjoying packed food, drinks and a chat. At that magniďŹ cent dawn of sunset, I could not imagine being more at ease.

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he plan was to make breakfast for a party of 11. I was going to cook scrambled eggs with toast. Everything was going smoothly except for one problem. How was I supposed to crack the egg? This was no ordinary egg. It was an ostrich egg, able to withstand the pressure of a 300lb (about 136kg) ostrich sitting on it. Self-cater ing—renting a house and cooking your own meals—in Australia is a challenge, but a rewarding one. It compels you to connect with the local culture in a way that a typical hotel stay cannot give. At Western Australia, 10 fellow student journalists and I stayed in a holiday rental house in Margaret River for a Short Overseas Journalism (SOJOURN) practicum. The website had warned us that there were only ďŹ ve rooms, some better furnished than others. Naturally, there was a mad scramble for the rooms which had themes such as The Wasabi Room (Japanese) or The Jungle Room (African). This was not a time for democracy. No picking of lots and certainly no discussions about who deserved a particular room more. It was ďŹ rst-come-ďŹ rst-served and a free for all situation. After the three-hour drive from Perth, my roommate and I dashed as fast as our weary legs could take us to the top oor where the

coveted Jungle Room was located. It did not disappoint. The room walls were washed in deep shades of crimson and brown, complete with full-length windows overlooking a tree-lined stretch of Margaret River. The view was bewitching. The sun's rays bounced off the river in the morning, and the waters glimmered beneath the moon at night. It was difďŹ cult to get things done as we often found ourselves easily distracted by the view. One evening, we made a spontaneous decision to drop by Surfer’s Point to watch the sunset. Realising we had only 20 minutes to spare, the kitchen became a buzz of activity as we began assembling sandwiches frantically for our picnic dinner. H a s t i l y s t u f f i ng ou r la s t m i nute sandwiches into a box along with bananas, olives, feta cheese and stuffed chili peppers, we hit the road. We cruised down the highway at 90km/h in a race to catch the sunset. The sky was ablaze with hues of orange and pink when we arrived. We unwrapped out sandwiches as the stars slowly emerged in the darkening sky. Our impromptu dinner consisted of plain food but the magniďŹ cent sunset more than made up for it. Yet, the thought of having to do the washing up when we returned hung heavy on our shoulders.

HOUSE BY A RIVER: The sprawling ďŹ ve-room house overlooking the Margaret River.

We cruised down the highway at 90km/h in a race to catch the sunset. The sky was ablaze with hues of orange and pink when we arrived.

COOKING UP A STORM: No time to waste as everyone got down to make dinner at the spur-of-the-moment to catch the sunset at Surfer's Point.

But what makes self-catering so popular is the fact that you inevitably grow more attuned to the culture. It is also cheaper, as it costs about AUD600 a night for a house that ďŹ ts up to 13, making it AUD46 per person. A hotel could have easily cost up to AUD120 a night per person. We did eventually crack the ostrich egg. Using a knife and brute force, we took turns to hammer through the shell. It took us 10 minutes before it cracked. It was a glorious moment as bowl after bowl was ďŹ lled with egg. We felt triumphant, and what’s more, food somehow tastes better when you have cooked it yourself.


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10 CHRONICLE photo : spotlight LIGHTS AND SOUND: The band’s playful and engaging performance accompanied by the psychedelic visuals of a live show paid tribute to the toil that helped to put the show together.

&*6328 78%+) % ' / 78%+) Flashing neon lights? Check. Huge “frontof-house” speakers? Check. Smoke machine? Check. Before the show goes live, hours of hard work go behind the scenes. Tedious wrangling of entangled cables on the floor, attending tiring practices that go into the wee hours of the night and managing pre-show anxiety issues. Photo editors MARK LEONG & ALEX TAI go backstage to uncover the blood, sweat and tears that go into the preparations for the annual Cultural Appreciation & Exchange Night (CAEN) this year.

Anti-clockwise from top left: The Hall 8 Jam band (winners of this year’s CAEN) rehearsing at midnight; a performer tuning his guitar backstage on show-day; the sound technician adjusting the sound balance; a guitarist laying his pedals down for the sound-check, which is a 10-minute session for bands to ensure they sound good for the actual performance.

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dapper: your essential style guide


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dapper: your essential style guide 1




On Jessica: (cover page) UNiform goggles, bishop sleeve striped top, vertical striped treggings, all prices on request. 1) Hakoboshi, $50.00, dreamcatchers, camo knit dress, prices on request. 2) Large weave blazer & ďŹ tted shorts, price on request, lattice hat, $50.00. 3) Skweater, price on request, red double-bill knit cap, $40.00. 4) Pink kittycat hat, $50.00, orange orange bag (kudamono), $129.00, green jtumper with knee patches, paprika blouse with crochet details, knitted sandals, price on request.


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It’s not about the money

THE NEW PHENOMENON: Jessie J is all smiles as she shows off her plaque with the Chinese musical instrument erhu.

%ULWLVK SRS VLQJHU -HVVLH - ZDV LQ 6LQJDSRUH RQ 0DUFK WK IRU WKH ÀQDO OHJ RI KHU :KR <RX $UH $VLDQ WRXU %HQMDPLQ /LP EULQJV \RX WKH KLJKOLJKWV RI KHU SUH FRQFHUW SUHVV FRQIHUHQFH THREE years ago, Jessie J was writing songs for Miley Cyrus and Alicia Keys, and now she is an artiste in her own right, having sold over a million copies of her debut album. Better known for her 2010 single Do It Like A Dude, the English singer-songwriter has gone on to bag the 2011 Critics’ Choice Brit Award, and been named the BBC Sound of 2011. The 23-year-old will also be making her debut on television as a judge on Britain’s latest music competition, The Voice, joining Tom Jones, from the Black Eyed Peas, and The Script frontman Danny O’Donoghue. In town last month for her concert tour in Asia, Jessie J also received an award from Universal Music for her platinum-selling album Who You Are. At the press conference, she talked about songwriting, comparisons to Katy Perry and plans to do charity work.

On coming to Asia to perform before North America: I was asked to! I never turn down an opportunity to do a show and meet fans in a place that I’ve never been to before, and it’s definitely exciting to be in Asia. America is a place where you really have to be committed fully for months on end before you’re able to break in because it’s such a huge place. I’m probably going there this year or the next, hopefully master the craft of the trade and be on the floor of the Grammys.

Sources of inspiration: I first started writing music about things that I had gone through, but I think I’ve understood now that my life isn’t dramatic enough for me to draw inspiration from, and I now look towards the people close to me. I write songs about friends who go through relationships and other points in life, or I could write a song about two people arguing or what I think the argument is about. I think inspiration comes from the smallest things in life, and I always say that a three-and-a-half-minute song should not be representing everything—it should be an exag-

geration of a moment that existed. It’s the unexpected moments that make music interesting.

On the explicit nature of the music video for “Do It Like A Dude” The whole point of the video was to make an impact and get people’s attention, and I think it definitely did that. There is this mentality that it’s normal for guys to dish out money and have girls around them. But if girls do it, it’s a completely different story.


shared some of our music, and they sound totally different. I think if you live your life comparing yourself to other artists then you will start to become someone that you don’t want to be. That’s why I just focus on what I’m doing and hope that’s enough for you to like it.

On the upcoming album:

I’m not going to name the words people use but we all know what they are, and it’s not fair. There is no equal understanding. In the song I never meant that I ‘hate men’. It’s not about that, but rather about us women capable of doing the same.

The second album will be very different from the first one. It is in its early stages, and I definitely want it to be similar to Who You Are in the sense that I don’t want to become one-sound. No two songs will sound alike. That was something that I was proud of being able to do and people accepted me for, and I’m definitely going to carry on doing it.

Comparisons with Katy Perry:

On being a judge for The Voice:

I don’t mean to sound rude, but comparisons are lazy. Katy Perry and I are completely different artists, and if you see our live shows you will see that we’re not alike. We’re both very passionate about our music, and work with similar producers. Actually just last week we hung out in Los Angeles and

To put it nicely, I’m actually quite scared for people to see a completely different side of me. I’ve gone onto the show being myself and saying stupid things. But I’m also very serious and honest—the TV executive producers have made it very clear that I’m the one who gives tough love. So I don’t want to

be pigeon-holed as a certain type of judge, because I’m going to be myself. What I would be looking for is someone who works hard, holds the microphone right, and most importantly understands that sacrifices have to be made in order to survive. Then there’s the panel. Tom Jones— I’m literally sitting next to a musical dictionary, and I soak up everything he says like a sponge because he knows so much. owns his record label and wrote some of my favourite songs, and Danny O’Donoghue is such a fantastic songwriter. I’m just a kid who’s gone back to school.

On her charity work: I’m shaving my head this year and selling my hair for charity. So you might probably see me bald next year. I’m excited to raise money for people who need it more than I do and be able to give back to society. When I broke my foot last year, I was hospitalised and met kids who had dreams but could not realise them. That’s when I thought that the money that I hope to raise from my fans and people around the world could go towards something that they can enjoy.

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The summer blockbuster preview 6XSHUKHURHV DQG DOLHQV DUH VHW WR GRPLQDWH WKLV VXPPHU .RN <XIHQJ DQG %HQMDPLQ /LP UHYHDO WKHLU WRS VL[ SLFNV Long-time collaborator Larry Charles (Borat, BrĂźno) returns as director, and the ďŹ lm will feature proper camerawork for the ďŹ rst time. Fun fact: The story is loosely based on a romance novel titled Zabibah and the King by former Iraqi dictator Saddam Hussein.

1. The Avengers (1 May): The power-packed superhero movie that everyone has been waiting for. Iron Man, Captain America, Thor, Hawkeye, Black Widow and the Hulk team up to save Earth against Loki and his invading alien army. From the trailers, The Avengers promises to deliver a lot of action as well as tension among the superheroes themselves. The ďŹ lm will be directed by Joss Whedon, who directed the post-credits scene in Thor and previously served as screenwriter for Captain America: The First Avenger. 2. The Dictator (17 May): Sacha Baron Cohen, better known as Kazakh journalist Borat, is set to make waves again. In his fourth mockumentary, which he also cowrote the screenplay, Cohen plays Admiral General Aladeen, dictator of a ďŹ ctitious Middle Eastern country who is secretly replaced by a goat-herding doppelganger.

3. Prometheus (7 June): A new addition to a classic franchise, Prometheus sees the return of director Ridley Scott to the beloved Alien series. Set in the year 2085, 30 years before the events in 1979’s Alien, the highly anticipated ďŹ lm explores a separate part of the Alien mythology. Noomi Rapace (The Girl With The Dragon Tattoo) plays Elizabeth Shaw, an archaeologist who sets out to ďŹ nd the origins of human existence, only to discover an extraterrestrial race that could spell the extinction of human beings. Starring Guy Pearce, Charlize Theron and Michael Fassbender, Prometheus is equal parts action, horror and science ďŹ ction, making it one epic movie not to be missed.

HUNGRY FOR VICTORY: Jennifer Lawrence puts in a ďŹ ne performance as the troubled but brave Katniss.



BASED on the futuristic novel of the same name by Suzanne Collins, The Hunger Games tracks the cruel competition in the dystopian nation of Panem. The vicious competition is an invention of the Capitol of Panem which serves as a cruel reminder to the 12 districts that rebelling against Capitol rule will not be tolerated. The Games requires all districts to each send a boy and girl aged between 12 and 18 to participate in the annual tournament. Also known as tributes, these unfortunate

4. Abraham Lincoln: Vampire Hunter (21 June): What if one of America’s most famous Presidents had a secret identity – a vampire hunter? Director Timur Bekmambetov (Wanted) and producer Tim Burton bring the graphic novel of the same name to life, as Abraham Lincoln avenges his mother’s death after she is killed by a supernatural creature.

5. The Amazing Spider-Man (3 July): Although this is the fourth Spider-Man ďŹ lm, The Amazing Spider-Man will be a reboot of the franchise. Andrew GarďŹ eld plays the troubled teenager turned crime-ďŹ ghter with spider senses, while love interest Mary-Jane Watson from the previous ďŹ lms has been replaced by Gwen Stacy (Emma Stone). Directed by Marc Webb (500 Days of Summer), the reboot will focus on Peter


competitors are made to ďŹ ght to their death until only one winner remains. Katniss Everdeen (Jennifer Lawrence) is no girl to be tried with. Courageously volunteering to be a tribute in place of her sister, she represents District 12 in the Games with partner Peeta Mellark (Josh Hutcherson). The attitude of President Snow (Donald Sutherland) is very curt—“You disobey, we will crush you.â€? Together with game master Seneca Crane (Wes Bentley), they dominate the televised show with manipulation and

Parker developing his abilities in high school and confronting main villain The Lizard. At the same time he has to stay above the law as Stacy’s father strives to bring the vigilante to justice.

6. The Dark Knight Rises (19 July): Billed as the epic conclusion to the trilogy, The Dark Knight Rises takes place eight years after the events of The Dark Knight. Christian Bale returns as Bruce Wayne/Batman along with most of the main cast from the previous two ďŹ lms. Ra’s al Ghul (Liam Neeson), who died in Batman Begins, is rumoured to make an appearance too. The ďŹ lm also introduces two new characters, Selina Kyle/Catwoman, played by Anne Hathaway, and main antagonist Bane (Tom Hardy). With Batman being pitted against one of his toughest opponents, The Dark Knight Rises is a ďŹ tting ďŹ nale to one of the movie events of the decade, and also marks the last Batman ďŹ lm by Christopher Nolan. madness. Fireballs and mutated dogs are some of the artiďŹ cial challenges these merciless programmers have set in place for the helpless competitors. Lawrence brilliantly portrays Katniss as a relentless and aggressive hunter. Peeta, on the other hand, is a comrade who possesses the strength of a bull and superb camouage skills, but has succumbed to the notion that he cannot win the competition. Caesar Flickerman, played by Stanley Tucci, is a lively gameshow host who brings some lighthearted respite to an otherwise somber event. His charisma provides a good balance to the serious personalities of both protagonists. Be prepared to be blown away by beautifully created CGI sets as the scene shifts from the surreal lushness of the Capitol to the forested landscape of the battle arena. The movie nails the futuristic look of Panem with believable architecture and outďŹ ts, including a dress Katniss dons that bursts into ames at the hem. The screenplay, which Collins co-wrote, adheres closely to the novel. However, too much emphasis has been placed on the complicated love relationship between Katniss and Peeta. While it was supposed to be staged as entertainment for audiences of The Games, it unfortunately falls at and ends up being confusing. Audiences are presented with inconsequential scenes of romance that neither conďŹ rms nor denies the sincerity of their relationship. Shaky scenes that lasted throughout the entire movie can make audiences feel slightly dizzy and make for a distracting experience. At two and a half hours long, the movie may also prove to be too wearisome. The romantic scenes are longer than they should be, stealing the spotlight away from the action which should have been the focus of the movie. Ultimately, The Hunger Games is not for everybody. Audiences who have read the book would be able to better appreciate the ďŹ lm, thanks to the well-adapted screenplay. Those who have not, however, might be left hungry for more.



92/ 12


CHRONICLE18 10 7+( 1$1<$1*



SALMON Fishing in the Yemen is a lighthearted movie that complements serious world issues with a huge dose of comedy. The topic of ďŹ shing actually sets the basis for human relationships and politics to be explored. As the British government frets over scandals that are straining the relationships between the Arab states and the United Kingdom, the Prime Minister’s press secretary Patricia Maxwell (Kristin Scott Thomas) receives an email presenting an opportunity to resolve the situation. A wealthy Arab sheikh intends to bring salmon-ďŹ shing from the cool European waters to the deserts of Yemen, and Patricia decides to send ďŹ sheries scientist Dr. Alfred Jones (Ewan McGregor) and consultant Harriet Chetwode-Talbot (Emily Blunt) to oversee the project. Over the course of their partnership and frequent repartees, Alfred and Harriet learn more about each other and develop a close friendship. Conveniently, Fred faces a problematic marriage while Harriet is in love with a soldier on deployment whom she has known for only three months. Rather than having Harriet mindlessly jumping into

DYNAMIC DUO: Ewan McGregor and Emily Blunt complement each other perfectly.


the eventual relationship, the plot eases the audience into their romance with a profound connection that develops between the two. Ewan McGregor plays an earnest and humorless scientist suffering from Asperger’s Syndrome. As opposed to his outgoing per-

sonality in previous ďŹ lms such as Moulin Rouge and The Ghost Writer, McGregor undertakes a different role as a more suppressed and reserved character. Optimistic and cheer y, Emily Blunt brings out the charm of her character,

sion culminates in an unexpected ending which provokes further thought about the circumstances of foreign domestic workers working in Singapore. The short stories delve into the characters’ psyches quickly, enabling readers to assume and relate to unfamiliar perspectives. The opening story The Terrorist, written by the late S. Rajaratnam, is full of vivid imagery, displaying emotions of guilt and regret. One delves into themes and settings that resonate with the local reader. Yet it does not succumb to predictability, giving each situation a fresh perspective. For example, the country’s post-war history is examined from the foreigner’s perspective in Lin Thean Soo’s The Expatriate and Goh Sin Tub’s The Shoes Of My Sensei. In the former, the baggage of personal history weighs down upon an Englishman, who returns to seek closure at Changi Prison and rekindle old ties at Rafes Hotel. The hotel in the heart of the bustling city today is given a new dimension brought to life by the expatriat’s personal experience. The Shoes Of My Sensei tackles a lesstrodden path, telling the story from the perspective of a Japanese man afraid to visit his imprisoned teacher. Through his eyes Goh emphasises the importance of true friendship and sincerity. Overall, this anthology showcases the strength and versatility of Singaporean authors. They have demonstrated that they are more than capable of exploring a range of issues both historically and contemporarily relevant. The stories are close to home and strike a chord with local readers. For readers yet to be exposed to Singaporean literature, One: The Anthology is a good start and offers a delectable spread. The writers chosen in this series have also mastered the art of writing the short story—the creation of experiences that are both condensed and compelling for the reader.


Harriet, without sacriďŹ cing her portrayal as an efďŹ cient and extremely capable woman. The juxtaposition of these two opposing and vastly different characters leads to much comical banter and adds liveliness to the serious undertones of the movie. Director Lasse Hallstrom touches on a number of issues in the movie. The sheikh’s vision of ďŹ shing in the Yemen and their journey towards making the ďŹ shing dream a reality is a lesson on having faith. His decision unfortunately also becomes a controversial one as it angers conservative and extremist Arabs who accuse the sheikh of being westernized. Alongside the Middle Eastern troubles, the working culture of the British and their politics are explored humorously as well. The relationship between the Prime Minister and his secretary is portrayed in a satirical manner where they converse through instant messaging and gossip about other ministers, all the while using euphemisms. Telling so many stories in a single movie is a risky move, but one that pays off handsomely. Delivered in a manageable pace, these plot points are easy for the audience to follow. The wittiness of the characters also compensates for the slower moments in the ďŹ lm, allowing it to show heavy issues in lighthearted moments like ďŹ shing. Screenwriter Simon Beaufoy’s adaptation of the novel resulted in some critical issues being left unexplored to its maximum potential. However the excellent script-writing more than make up for this drawback. Salmon Fishing in the Yemen is an enjoyably intelligent movie that promises comedy, romance and drama all at the same time.


BOOKS ONE: THE ANTHOLOGY: SHORT STORIES FROM SINGAPORE’S BEST AUTHORS (FICTION) Compiled by Robert Yeo $24.00 at Kinokuniya Published by Marshall Cavendish International (Asia) Pte Ltd

COMPILED by Singaporean writer Robert Yeo, One: The Anthology is a selection of short prose written by local writers. The stories were selected for their realistic narration driven by characters in crisis, as well as the thematic issues that Singaporeans can easily relate to. Most of the stories seem intent on capturing each protagonist’s consciousness at a particular frame of time, forgoing the moral lessons usually found in longer literature. The rich yet concise narration casually guides the reader to contemplation with an abrupt but resounding ending. In Gloria, a story written by Suchen Christine Lim about a Filipino domestic worker, the story ends with the maid’s apprehension: “The woman nods; her eyes are dumb as a cow’s waiting for the butcher’s knife.â€? The protagonist in Gloria witnesses a life of excess while dutifully fulďŹ lling her employers’ orders. Her anger and repres-


Loretta Napoleoni $22.50 at Kinokuniya Published by Seven Stories Press

IMAGINE a decade’s worth of newspapers shrunk to a pocketbook-sized modern narrative of notable events worldwide. Author Loretta Napoleoni, an Italian journalist and political analyst, has done exactly just that in 10 Years That Shook The World: A timeline of events from 2001. The book makes accessible the essence of newsroom archives, drawing from the world’s collective memory of one of the most eventful decades. The chapters are presented in chronological order, and begin with a fact sheet of statistics such as population and economic growth, and even Time magazine’s Person of the Year. The timeline of news stories, however, contains short excerpts of information that best deďŹ nes that particular year. This style of delivering stories in a succinct manner is similar to how the news is broadcast on social networking site Twitter. It is also a symbolic reference to today’s

rapid pace of communication; ideal for timeconscious people of the world today who are making history as fast as they learn of it. In this fast-changing society, journalism’s role as a news provider becomes even more important. 10 Years That Shook The World, as a capsule of present moments captured in the last decade, is a timely reminder of the mistakes made and the consequences illuminated in retrospect. More importantly, the hypocrisy of the Western world is revealed through factual statements that stimulate readers with a quick mind to make their own inferences. For instance, following the 9/11 terrorist attacks the US unveiled a new national security policy authorising the government to interfere wherever human rights have been violated. This effectively disregarded the notion of sovereignty. The irony recurs throughout the whole narrative, showing how America, once the center of freedom, democracy and human rights, alters its stand for its own interests. 10 Years That Shook The World also shows how the rise of WikiLeaks and the increasingly adaptable use of new media has been a sign of the digital media becoming the new arm of justice. The example of the Arab Spring shows how politics has been transformed in this new age. This comprehensive narrative of the past decade shows how nations are interconnected. From this sophisticated level of integration, we realise our vulnerability as citizens of a global village. Threats of terrorism, integrated economies and climate change only reinforce the importance of a global concerted effort in the next few decades. Hence, 10 Years That Shook The World can only hope to put forward the painful reminders of the past, and await the day governments give due attention to the realities of global integration.



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10 CHRONICLE reviews

MUSIC PORT OF MORROW The Shins (Indie Rock)

Port of Morrow still features contributions from former band members, and places greater emphasis on electronic instrumentation.

THE SHINS were thought to have cemented their place as icons of the independent music scene, after 2007’s Wincing The Night Away debuted at number two on the Billboard 200. However, after earning a Grammy nomination in 2008 the band then dropped off the radar. Four years on, the indie roc k ba nd look s l i ke a different outďŹ t. Apart from frontman James Mercer, the rest of the band members have been replaced. Calling on the production talents of Grammy nominee Gr eg Ku r st i n , who ha s produced for Lily Allen and Kelly Clarkson, Mercer takes The Shins in a new direction on their latest album. Port of Morrow opens with The Rie’s Spiral, kicking off with chiming synths and bouncing synthetic beats. Mercer has dabbled with these on previous albums, but they are much louder and brighter this time round. No

A BAND REBORN: The Shins have seen a major revamp since their last album, and the results are still positive but may not be entirely satisfying for long-time fans.

Way Down, with its driving guitars, is an unabashedly straightforward rocker. Eschewing the quirks of their previous work, the new album is covered in studio gloss and sounds amazing. Thanks to Kurstin’s detailed production and elaborate instrumentation, the ballad 40 Mark Strasse’s soaring chorus is given an extra punch, while For a Fool is soaked in layer after layer of lush strings. With a revamped band, new record label and new

direction, Port of Morrow can hardly be mistaken for anything but a Shins record. This is not too surprising considering the central role that Mercer plays in the band’s creative process. Indeed, The Shins has always served as a creative outlet for Mercer, and the new album is no different. On Port of Morrow, his songwriting remains as strong as ever. The lead single Simple Song sits proudly among the band’s best—a captivating anthem chock full of frantic guitars and rousing backing

vocals. “I told you about all those fears/And away they did run,� Mercer croons, delivering lyrical gems like “When you feel like an ocean being warmed by the sun� with aplomb. Indeed, there is hardly a bad moment on the whole album. However despite its brilliance, Port of Morrow is unfortunately less than satisfying for loyal listeners. Having been entertained by three albums of gawky, endearing indie pop, Port of Morrow falls short of being

the classic that fans have been waiting for. T he st ud io w i za rd r y d ist rac t s f rom Mercer’s earnest delivery and, buried under the layers of production and instruments, Port of Mor row ca n somet i me s come off tired and less than convincing. It lacks the charm and rawness that has made The Shins so loved. It is perhaps no coincidence then that the title track closes the album. It sounds like nothing The Shins have done before, with

GAME MASS EFFECT 3 Role-Playing Game (PC, PS3, XBOX 360)

Mass Effect was envisioned as a trilogy from the start, with the ďŹ rst two games being a preamble to the third.

M ASS EFFECT 3 is t he final chapter to the story of Commander Shepard, an Alliance soldier uniting the forces in the galaxy to stave off an invading alien race called the Reapers. The game starts i m med iate ly whe r e t he prev ious ga me lef t of f: Commander Shepard is held on trial for his actions at the end of Mass Effect 2: Arrival. The hearing is cut short when the Reapers invade Earth, and Shepard must escape and rally the galaxy to save the human race. D e v e l o p e r B i oWa r e has invested much into Commander Shepard’s swan song, upping the ante on the

MORE INTENSE THAN EVER: Both Shepard’s weapon upgrades and improved enemy AI make ME3’s combat much more fun.

narrative and combat aspects. In response to criticism for the repetitive combat found in the previous instalment, Bioware has made the game more challenging by improving the enemy artiďŹ cial intelligence’s combat mechanics. Enemies also feel varied and novel. Cerberus, a prohuman organisation which has tur ned against you,

now employs a variety of henchmen with their own unique attack styles. More c h i l l i ng ly, t he Reape r s have corrupted many alien species into new enemies, most of which are protected by barriers and shields, and wield devastating power. Despite t he heav y resistance, the game still offers the player an edge. An

improved cover system makes for easier movement around the battleďŹ eld. The player is also now armed with a new omni-blade that deals a heavy melee attack, and this proves to be extremely useful during close combat situations when outnumbered by the enemy. Interactions with crew member s a re no longer tedious question-and-answer


conversations. One dialogue choice now triggers a mini cutscene that plays a sizeable chunk of conversation. From the heights of great triumph on the battlefield to the lows of losing dear friends, the game constantly tugs at your heartstrings with its strong narrative. This level of immersion is unrivaled by any other game.


Mercer’s falsetto f loating over jazzy pianos and slowbuilding drums. Curiously, it is the album’s most striking song, showing how Mercer has no intention of stopping his musical experimentations. Five yea r s si nce t he release of their last album is a long time, and The Shins have since moved on to different pastures. Nevertheless, Port of Morrow is a sign of good things to come if fans can accept that The Shins of old are gone for good.


Unfortunately, there are several elements that prevent the game from being perfect. While the PC version of the game boasts striking visuals, the game looks less impressive on the Xbox 360. At times, the camera may swing out of the scene if turned too far. Players are also compelled to go through the cooperative multiplayer mode to earn vital points in order to attain a favourable ending in the single-player campaign. The ending of Commander Shepard’s journey has also been the subject of much controversy. It contains glaring narrative plot holes and feels like a disservice to loyal fans of the franchise. The huge uproar from gamers has actually forced BioWare to work on a new ending, and an announcement is expected later this month. Putting aside these issues, Mass Effect 3 is a seamless blend of a role-playing game and ďŹ rst-person shooter in one amazing story-driven experience. Nothing short of spectacular, this game will have you enthralled for hours on end. It is time, soldier. Pick up those controllers and take Earth back.


ਦवࢴߴྔ౥ළ࿍Եྔሌࠧ üü ृ ၁

ྔ໛ 1UXMZIZQW ቀबೞ

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๽฿֋ರѝဍࡈѦƗւಪཊӍ ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬è ֙ລ֬ᇞ๯༫ଔ‫ݝ‬჆बೞ ໾֠ቍ‫࣡֬ލ‬ҘဍԢè໻۸౤ Մဣၵ֬ቍ‫ލ‬ս཈ഭ൴Ɨϣ֙ ລ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬๾སۡӝèఊᇖদሸ 6=;֬:MXTIaၢ࣡ᅧ֬໾ၣ໾ Ԣ၉ؔ࣡Ҙཱུ֬ჺ໾౾Ɨ࣠ಭ ֬М‫ن‬৶ӵ‫֫ࠍ܆‬௦ള֬౤ ᩬƗ಻ࠍ໾֠ቍܺलƗ၀ಥܻ ᇠ‫ـ‬଩၉ྔè 6<=֬;\MZMW >Q[QWV၀҉‫ڼ‬ ᇠຳƗࠍ֫໾֠ቍ࠸लè෷૓ ൺ٧൏ѝ൜߽ᄣࢫᄣ৩Ɨࡆ࿊ ӛ଩њણ࣐è ၟႼ ୔ࣣမ۪֬Ӗুൄࡠ ௦ള֬ۡƘଆ༼ഺൺ٧൏ಱ ເƗࣉ୔֬Ҝೞᆇුᇐи৬୔ ֬‫۾‬ႼԾၰࠪѝཊ৶ƗႼԢ޳ ၰਟ֬ඪሠè Ⴕ჆иೞ۪౾Ў‫ݪ‬ᇖႎ໚۪ ౾Ɨ௦ളᄤ௦‫ٺ‬൏ເಙГ၉ᇈ ྦƗ߽ሩᇞ჆۪౾֬Ӷཊ١൛ ࠪԾၰ֬ᄕႯè਽ບƗ‫ؚ‬჆௦ ‫ٺ‬པࣔ֬ҜೞᆇƗ;5;๮࿑֬ и‫੸ٺ‬၀ᅤਛ၉‫֬׮‬ႜའ৶è ՕບƗ௦ളᆴ၉֬჌ৰၕཱི ࢻ‫ڒ‬ಒҜೞᆇ૓းࡁ֫՝ࣣမ ᇖ࿗༤ƗሔШ‫ށ‬ሸ࠴Ɨғ୆ᄤ ໾ขഏѝཊ֫‫۾‬Ԣ೫èขഏ၉ ‫ٺ‬ᇙƗข༶ൌ୔‫܆‬Ɨ౔ࡁԐ‫ٺ‬ ֬ሠШғ൥ൂԢܸ֬ࡶè

ߴࡌèö ‫ؾ‬਽၉໑দሸᇖ໚༩ս၉ ๤࿗ᄼᆾԢƥõྔࡍ௨‫ཱིޚ‬Ɨ ેႼ൐ી၇ഺࠊƗԩਛ‫ࣼކ‬অ ߒƗ၀҉ᆰ֨ߕႼ൐ી཯శࠊ ‫׵‬èö‫ౖؾ‬྿‫ئ‬ఊ෷ൺ٧ᆇߕ ಱເ၉ϵ౤୔Ɨᇢଓੇৼ၇ ‫ג‬çõ҉ቑ҉݉öၟࣣ൥༤ၢ ເӏ֬ྡྷເè Ә‫ݝ‬၉Ͻ֬ൺ٧ᆇ‫؂‬ᆾԢሸ ࠴֬၉ཻ஻ႽႼ࿁ࣼ֬༤ܿè ढ़൥֙ЮИ໠ఖܸ჆࿁ࣼ෵୆ ӈഺ൐ી໠฼൏Ɨ၉ϵԩਛߴ պõ‫ؚ‬ഭ฿҉‫ށ‬öᆴບƗఊ჌ ‫؂‬൥၉ᆰϽࢺè ෠ಝ၉ཻ౤୔ഹӲ࿁ࣼ൥ເ ਛ õ཯శöࠎõ࢓ࡄöƗढ़ಖ ҉ᆰఊ࿿ᇞྦèओૌ‫ݚ‬၉ར‫ן‬

ҷ཈൜Ɨ࿁߽ࣼቌοսା֬‫ن‬ ჩƦ‫ౖؾ‬၀൥֤ᇈ଺ྦ‫ܧ‬ᇐආ ළ֬၉սჷႀè ԩՕᆴບƗ਽၉རИ֨၀ᆾ Ԣ೉‫ݛ‬ᇢ੉൏࿁ࣼƗ۶ๆࣼྣ ൏õ๯Ⴜ‫ޚ‬๬Ɨ ྙఀๆ ેႼྖ ౭Ɨവᇇ൥ྙఀ၉‫ે؂‬Ⴜྖ౭ ഏॢöƗ࿿ᇞവᇇߕ୆֤ᇈӵ ࠢ຃ҋè ఊ෷ߕЎচ࿁ࣼõӵྦö Ʀࣼ‫ޱ‬ୀൠᄶӵധ߽‫܋‬ᇠ֬ঙ ಧƦఊᇖ၀Ўচࣼ‫ޱ‬õ઀ൠö ֬໠฼è ยೖõ҉୆ሸϠöƗ࿠౷‫ں‬ ଢࠎሌ၃ಭ൝֬ཿሀè෵ၢᄤ Օ༗ຳ۹໑ᄤ࿁ࣼᆴఴƗ೟ව ‫ྡྷޱؾ‬èເሸ࠴֬ࡹॉçࡌಭ ‫ދ‬࿗၃‫ڼ‬ᄺè

୔ࡇ౥౥֬ဴ߷೺ƗၟࣣҜࡍ‫ݝ‬໴ඛ՘۪֬ӖиೞƗढ़න൥ഭࣣϫᅥƗ෹‫۾‬൥֙ລܻᇠ;5;๮࿑֬ սಪ૑ƗಭఞМ֮è ᅽ௒dߢव‫ډ‬

ཱུჺ‫ן‬ҷƥ౤୔࿁ࣼࠎ࿊ଈƪ ຬদ ĶИ֨

ࣼᮖ‫ྖ֥ؾ‬য়໖ഺ࿗ᄄࢫൺᇔ ਖƗఊᇖႼ ൥ ෦ၢ༶֬౤ ങ୔è ሩെӳٕ಻‫ن‬ᅡƗ۹ࢯ ‫ؚ‬ՕЮИ၀ᅡा໠ण‫ן‬ҷƗ ұ ಭ ൝ ֬ ཯ ‫ ٵ‬୆ ৶ ၀ ᇶ ఊᇖો ଇൺ٧֬౤୔ƗःႼ ࡽ ฻ ۡ è ႀ Օ Ɨ ࣐ Ԣ ۡ ཯ ‫ ٵ‬ଇႼ࿁ࣼ֬༤ܿè‫ؾ‬࿁ࣼ֬‫׀‬ ֬၇‫ג‬Ɨ৯೉BW]Sç;\ 2IUM[ ‫׋‬၉ϵᄼ൥ᄤ၇‫ג‬Ɨࠎ൥஻Ⴝ 8W_MZ ;\I\QWVְၟ҉ቇເఌƦ ࡌᇖè ‫ؾ‬ఊ౻൤୔౥ߋ၀཈‫ؾ‬ၥࡵè ‫֬ ! !ؾ‬໠णൺ٧ᆇಱເ ‫ࣔؾ‬ఀƗ‫ۻ‬ओྔࡍ௨‫ݡ‬༳൏ ࿁ࣼᆇսҍ‫ٺ‬ເ଺ྦè၉ଇս ИᆾԢ õ౤୔࿁ࣼढ़୆ྦᅀࡍ ၉ૌඓ༩֬ൺ٧ᆇනƥõ଺ഺ ၉Цèöढ़ࡵƗ౤୔࿁ࣼ֬ྡྷ ᄤ၇‫ג‬࿁ࣼԩਛ཯ԩ࿩৶ບƗ ເा൚ႋఖਛധ߽‫܋‬ᇠ֬૨౔ ߕႼöሗ֐ô֬‫܆‬Ⴏèö ܸሆè ߕ҇ԐනଃƗఊ൓ሸ࠴௣൏ Ⴔ ఊ ᆾ ଱ ཻ ໴ ࢲ ᇌ ‫ ࣼ ކ‬ᄤ୶ഺ૲ఴиࢧ‫ྱݤ‬Ɨ҉ฅන *QVOM ,ZQVSQVO অߒ֬౤୔è ߌè֓ᇁးս८֬‫ޱࣼކ‬Ɨः ྖয়໖ഺ࿗ᄄ֬ඛሺ၀཈൜Ɨ ႼႮఞ‫୶ދ‬ഺනߌਛè ‫ݝ‬ಇ਍୔Ɨ‫ܒ‬Ⴜ ‫ئ‬ಭႀເ ເਛ൓ࡄਛࢺƗЮИ၀ᄤହ

սཱུჺୄ൓‫׀‬٧໠ਛඛଇ࿗ ഺèൺ٧࿗ഺಱເ࿁ࣼ‫ئ‬Ͻ൥ ເਛõ࡯࿩öƗႀເॢ၃࿩৶ าѠٕᇞèఊᇖƗ਍໑Ӽಱ࿁ ࣼ֬ൺ٧ᆇƗఊᇖ၉໑দሸഌ

໠ण‫ן‬ҷ཈൜Ɨఊᇖ ો ଇൺ٧֬౤୔Ɨ ःႼ ଇႼ࿁ࣼ֬༤ ܿè‫ؾ‬࿁ࣼ֬‫׋׀‬၉ ϵᄼ൥ᄤ၇‫ג‬Ɨࠎ൥ ஻Ⴝࡌᇖè

ग़ս‫ل‬࿗ഺᆾԢƥõ଻֫ᇢଓ Ⴜ३Ɨ୔౥ಭԢ૑‫ેࣼކ‬Ⴜս ҉֬è‫ކ‬ቑਛƗ஻Ⴝ၀߽෉໨

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10 CHRONICLE ହսࠩ฿໾֠ဍԢ


ହဣয়‫܄‬ս࿗ϝ۸໾֠ധ๽ऑࠩ၉ฝƗᄤହဣսৣฝৡເࣔ ଇܻᇠւদ၉ৼԸ֬҉၉ဩ֬࣡ҘѝဍƗఊᇖЎচਛ၉Ӎ಼‫ލ‬෵Ⴜധ๽ӵ჻֬࿩ᇧར଩è ണႜdӮढ़ᄖ


߽ւদ‫܋‬ᇠ࡚֬‫؃‬èᄤཡൺ‫ڣ‬ ߆‫္֬಻ދ‬๤൏Ɨढ़୆ႌҦሩ ࠥ؎֬҉નè‫ܪ‬ൠၢ໾֠ྦ֬ ۸ ໾ ֠ ധ ๽ ऑ ࠩ ၉ ฝ Ɨ ࢟೫ϹဍƗ૴ඔਛ၉۸ଃྙ‫ދ‬ ᄤହဣৣฝৡເࣔ ଇცᆴ࡞֬ᆝᅄè ເਛ๫၉ཹ‫ݛ‬Ɨો۸໾֠჻ ଇܻᇠւদ၉ৼԸ֬࣡Ҙѝ ဍèᄤӶཊ҉๤‫֬໌ڋ‬໾֠֬ ֬Ⴞਃഏ‫߉؂‬ഏਛ၉۸ন೫֬ ๤൏Ɨ၀ᄤࢲ଩ࢫ່ࣔഹ൏Ɨ ྙ​ྙè দሸ߽ࡀ჆ഌ၃၉୔࠰֬྾ ഏဍਛ၉Ӎ಼‫ލ‬ਛ෵Ⴜധ๽֬ ӵ჻֬࿩ᇧར଩ Ƙ;<):; 16 ᠥනƥõ໨ш྽ᄤቒؒ֬൏࡞ ୄߗሔƗႀເ໨ᆴఴ֬ᄶྟႼ <0- -A-;è ᆊ ؔ ໾ ֠ ࢲ ଩ ຽ ನ ሩ õ ଇ ‫ئޚ‬ഁ​ഁ‫ن‬਑֬ႆ݂‫ٿ‬Ɨఴ၉ ცöᆊ۸ᇽ฼Ɨනଃ෸෠ಝ୆ Ӎѝဍ၉ࢹඖƗ໾Ⴝ૓‫؂‬՜՜ ‫ܛ‬ւ‫ۺ‬၉۸ಭ಻ცƗ֓၀๤൏ લલ֬ᄤЁ໨ྈሕèöࣉ୔‫ل‬


ൌ෦֬෹Ɨᄤᆊ՘֬ဍԢҜთ ਛ೟ར໾֠è ᆊؔ໾֬ѐ֤൥ࣉ୔ᇁႼ‫ل‬ ൌ೟෦ƗಖၟႼ੉୔஍໾ࣣမ ֬п၃ഺߢᄙᡌè෹फ֫ѐ஍ ᆊؔ໾֠ቒ଻֬‫׀‬١Ɨ൥ᄤ჆ ೉‫ތ‬ϣഃ჆҉๤‫֬໌ڋ‬໾֠჻ ్ૺ಼֬‫ލ‬ӵ၉۸ར଩è ಇ୔п၃჆ߢࣈ߰Եૉ࿗ ᄄ֬෹ƗၟႼൌఅ୔֬໾ࣣ֠ မè֓ႀເᇁሌሆ჆༑‫ދݞ‬प ൝໾Ɨ෹຿Ⴜಥ۹໾֠ቍ֬ӵ ჻۹ሸѐ஍Ԣ၉ؔƗಝ‫ޱ‬ᄤཟ ‫׋‬ሷϣ෸૓௚՟ᄤ၉ఖè

෹නƥõો۸ಭѐ໾֬١൛ ‫҉؂‬๤Ɨ໨иࢧሆᇞთ൱फཹ ‫ދݛ‬ᇽ฼֬৺༩èᄤѐ໾֬֙ ༶Ɨ໨֬ା‫ڣ߽ݡ‬ཊԢᆣ۸໾ ֠‫ۇ֬ྟؙ‬୘è໨ः‫ۻ‬ओཟཧ ᇖ֬ᆊཻ߉૲দ࣐ྡྷѐ஍è೉ ‫୍ݛ‬ཟӵເ၉ଇӵ‫܆‬ѐ֤Ɨ୍ ः႒‫ۅ‬Ⴎ჆ӎ൲èᇁႼ๠‫ݝ‬ӎ ൲Ɨ୍ғ୆ᆰ୍֨֬వ୆èö ᆊ၉୔၉؎֬ࠩ฿໾֠ဍԢ 2WQV\ ,IVKM +WVKMZ\ ൥Ⴕ 6<= +]T\]ZIT )K\Q^Q\QM[ +T]J ෵ᇽϾ ֬è၉‫ܒ‬Ӷཊਛൌϝ۸ར଩ఊ ᇖЎচਛ༑‫ݞ‬໾çप൝໾ç

ཊք໾çᇖ‫ݚ‬໾çู෾໾ְᆴ ບƗߕ౯֥ਛาѠࡈѦƗӝဤ ࿗ཱུ֬Ҟࠬ‫ؿ‬๧Ӷཊ၉ӍकႼ ‫ݚݩ‬໾֠‫֬໌ڋ‬ဍԢèᆊཻ‫ؿ‬ ๧֬ઢ৶ဍԢ႙দਛཊӍܻᇠ ֬ಪਢߒ޲ഹè ࠊ‫֬׵‬ԛϾᇽ༣သሳᤨ༗Ɨ ‫࠽ࣣ࠰୔ل‬࿗֬࿗ഺනƥõ໨ ૓ો۸ಭᄤཊ൓ഺࠊᇖັ​ັ߽ Ы၉ཻࢿན෵६ᇌህèᄤტࡵ ୐ࣩ൏Ɨ໨૓൥‫ॻ߽ڕ‬ᄇᆊ֨ ࢿནಇ࿠ᅺ਽၉֨૑Ɨࠎ࿑ᄻ ๛੄ᄤᆊࢿན֬ٚຽୄƗࡆ࿊ อьୂƪö

û৺‫ލ‬ᄱИü ᇢᅿӶѷ൝ࣣမ‫ٺ‬ཡ

҉๤ሌ၃୆ເྔ໛฻‫܉‬าѠܻ‫׋‬ ອᙢՉĶИ֨

໚࿗߽ԢϸቍႼྤ౯֥ û৺‫ލ‬ᄱИüሮമ‫܄‬ቛ ᆇḩḩᇢᅿӶѷ൝Ɨᄤହսཱུ ჺएϾਛ၉Ӎ‫ڽڅ‬ഺ‫ࣣ֬׵‬မ ‫ٺ‬ཡ߽è ᇢᅿӶѷ൝൥õྔ߿‫׋‬ö ‫ދ‬õᄱИະö֬ᇽѐƗ൏௦ሌ পቛࡌƗߕࡠರହս඲൝ॢӸ ࢊൄçହսᇖ߆მင໚ߋᇖྖ าါကࣵ჻çྔࡍ௨࿷ᇤကࣵ ࿗߽࿗ඓᇽರְè ၉‫ۆ‬ၢັࡈѦ࿑ᄻဍࢊୄ ಿ֬ࢊቝ١൛Ɨᆊ՘֬‫ٺ‬ཡ߽ ֬ୄಿ‫؂‬൥՝๤࿗૓֬໠฼Ԣ ‫ن‬Ɨӎ൲ࢺպ๤࿗૓௻љհᄤ ֬ၗࠏè Ҝࡍ‫ٺ‬ཡ߽֬๤࿗૓฻ఴ

ᄤະ੥ഏ฻Ԣ໠฼ƗࣣᇽϾ١ ൳ࠩçᆣয়‫ޱ‬Ɨ‫ٺ‬ເ õᄱИ‫܄‬ ቛöçõᆶ၃࿑ᄻöçõྔ໛ Եૉö‫ދ‬õᇖ໚྆ቛöᆊවҍ ‫ ܒٺ‬۸໠฼è ᇢѷ൝თܻᇠ‫ٺ‬ཡਛᄱИԢ ϸ֬‫܄‬ቛੇӸၢࠪѐࠧ‫ࡁދ‬ᆇ ֬‫܄ٺ‬Ɨಥսࡌ‫ؚ‬ᆊརૉ฿‫܄‬ ቛႼ‫۾‬മ၉ұ֬ਛࢺè ෷าѠృ‫ן‬ਛቛເૉ฿ಭ႒ ‫ۅ‬कШ‫ྔؚ‬໛õ଀೓֬ླफö ‫ދ‬õ஘ؕ৶öƗᇁႼᆊဩғ୆ ᅺ֥Ⴜࡕᆻ֬ྔ໛‫׋‬è Ⴜ๤࿗ႀເሸ࠴֬ሌ၃‫ދ‬Ե ૉેႼܸ༩Ɨ‫ྖ֋ؾ‬ၢ‫ޱ‬ཟး ࣐И߽ܽტ֥྿‫ئ‬ᅷοè ‫ؚ‬჆ᆊ۸໠฼Ɨᇢѷ൝ ࢺ൫ƥõᄇ൥҉၉ဩ֬ሌ၃ УࣦƗᄇ߽ւদ҉၉ဩܻ֬ ‫׋‬èöาѠ൥ᄤҗ٧ଝ١૲֬ ሌࡌƗࠎ൥྆ଝሌ၃ྦ֬И

֨ƗႴఊྺး၉۸Ⴜሌ၃Уࣦ ֬ࡁᆇϣሌ၃֬ୄಿႯ๠ී֬ მငۨᆴ݃ս؇ᆇè ‫ؚ‬჆ହսཱུ֬ჺఀृ֬‫ن‬ᅡ ‫ۆދ‬ϸƗᇢѷ൝၀฻Ԣਛ෷֬

õቛເૉ฿ಭ႒‫ۅ‬ कШ‫ྔؚ‬໛଀೓֬ ླफ‫ދ‬஘ؕ৶Ɨᇁ Ⴜᆊဩғ୆ᅺ֥Ⴜ ࡕᆻ֬ྔ໛èö ᇢᅿӶ Ю‫׀‬ᆰଇᇽѐ

ࢀၷè෷ಱເཱུჺఀृ೉‫ݛ‬း ‫ۆ‬ϸƗ၀ढ़ၢ​ၢ‫ैށ‬ç‫ށ‬؇ç ‫ށ‬Ⴏç‫ށ‬ฒເჷᄼƗ྆Ԣਾ࿗

ഺ‫ྜྷے‬ಆ֬Ɨთ࿗ഺഺࠊ༖༖ པܸ֬ƗकႼõᬱ๓؎ö֬ྔ ໛èႀເ၉‫ृځ‬༅း༒ႋಭƗ ᇞ‫׋‬൥Ɨ෸ш྽ಥ؇ᆇै֥õ ࡕᆻߴИöè ೉ࣉ‫ئޚ‬Ե๫֬ૉ฿ྡྷ၃Ɨ ा൚ས‫׏‬ሷ١ས‫ن‬ᅡთሎྟè ෵ၢƗᄇদᄇ‫ئ‬ಭा൚֋ྖ‫׏‬ ሷИᇃ൥‫߽ڕ‬ಃքԵ๫Иᇃᆊ ၉໠฼è‫ؚ‬჆ᆊ۸฻໠Ɨᇢѷ ൝ѝչਛ෷ሸ࠴֬ैٌè ෷ಱເƗ਍ᆇ൥ढ़ၢࡠಿ ֬è෠ಝ‫׏‬ሷϸЮ‫ؚ‬჆୔౥ಭ ֬༒ႋ৶‫ޚ‬սƗ֓൥ᇢѷ൝फ ֫ߕ൥Ⴜಭ߽౧ས჆ᇃᇐ‫ދ‬Ⴙ କ֬‫ے‬फè ᆊ՘ࠊ‫֬׵‬ᇽϾ١၀ѝ ൜ƥõᆊ۸ࢊቝ໨૓ᇁ൥‫ޚ‬ᆎ ൓ॡܻ֬ϣᇢѷ൝֬ሮ৬ۨෛ սࡌƗѰනଃਛ໨૓एϾᆊဩ ၉۸ࢊቝ֬଩֬èᇁ൥ᆊဩ࡬

û৺‫ލ‬ᄱИüሮമ‫܄‬ቛᆇḩ ḩ ᇢᅿӶѷ൝ƗᄤହսཱུჺएϾ ਛ၉Ӎ‫ڽڅ‬ഺ‫ࣣ֬׵‬မ‫ٺ‬ཡ ߽è ᅽ௒dᇖ໚࿗߽฻‫܉‬ ࡬֍֍֬࿍ԵƗሆүಭඛᄤׂ ‫ل‬ๆःӘ‫ ݝ‬ಭèö ᇽϾ١ࢫሩනƥõ‫ؚ‬჆၉۸ ࠊ‫׵‬ƗႼᆎҒ൓ਟçႼಥսࡌ ᆎ֬फ֫ႼႯçफ֫‫ྜྷے‬ಆç फ֫ಇਛ୆Ⴜ൳ࠍƗғ൥ቒᇞ း֬èö


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ະકఋஔႺ༫ ಓ‫ྦ׵߁ي‬ ໸ࡈၕ ᇖ໚ѐࠧ

۸ಭཱི൏ް‫߽؂‬ພ ۹ᇜ҉๤֬ఋஔႺ ༫èᆊ҉࣎൥๧୔֬֍Չ ཯శߕ൥գ࣐Ⴝ౭֬मࡋ ‫܄‬कè ࣔ୔দƗႀເग़࠶֬ ௻ࠪƗ྿‫ئ‬ఋஔႺ༫‫؂‬Ы ‫ۆ‬਌ӵະકϸè ೉ࣉƗ‫ئޚ‬ಭၟႡႼ ᇍ୆൴ࠖƗႀՕ‫؂‬୆෢൏ ෢‫֬׀‬༶ᄢᆊཻະકఋஔ Ⴚ༫দພè кᆇಱເ஫ϻսࡌӵ Ӑ֬ఋஔႺ༫୆‫ܛ‬෢ሩ൏ ք࣐ҋ‫ܬ‬ಝ൥‫ށ‬ൠƗढ़൥ ᆊෂ޳޴ં‫ל‬ਛఋஔႺ༫ ֬ᆎᆥၰၳè ཊᄤ֬ະકఋஔႺ༫ ୆‫ܛ‬ሸ‫׵‬Ёಭ஬‫ؚ​ؚ‬൴ၢ ࠪႺ༫ࠋϻèಭ૓҉ᄣྺ

း࿠ᅺ஻Ⴝ၉ఖພƗ࠮ൗ ൥၉۸ಭ၀୆‫ܛ‬ཡൺພৈ ֬ৈಆè ֓൥Ɨкᆇफ֫Օৈ ಆၟ‫ັދ‬ಷ҉๤èಭಭ൴ Ԃᇍ୆൴ࠖƗ࠮ൗࡵਛ૲ ၀൥൏ӏᄤ൴ࠖ֬ࡶஔഏ ే​ేռռƗսս࡯ങਛ߁ ‫߽ࠖ֬׵‬è ၢఴພఋஔႺ༫൏‫؂‬ ֫‫ۻ‬ओ݆ᄼ՟ቇಭඛғ୆ ा൚Ɨढ़൥ཊᄤಭ૓ढ़ၢ ‫ދ‬ຢ಍ଚഺ֬ಭ၉ఖພè ພႺ༫൏൏ӏ၉‫׵߁׋‬၀ ેႼè ᄤན൏Ɨಭ૓҉ӏ‫ދ‬ ‫ؚ‬൴࣐ྡྷฒߌè࠮ൗႼಭ ा൚߁‫׵‬Ɨ҉൥ࣗঀࢹඖ ฒߌƗѓ൥ЫಭߏၗႼ҉ ਌֬‫ࠖ׵‬è ႀՕƗкᆇಱເս‫ئ‬ ඛະકఋஔႺ༫࿿ᇞ޴ં ‫ל‬ਛ߁‫֬׵‬ᇞးྦè

ቒࣔႋఖ‫ئޚ‬ಭማ஽ ֬൴ࠖႺ༫Ɨ൥၉ং৒ෂ ै๴Ґሺ֬Ⴚ༫Ɨõ,ZI_ ;WUM\PQVOöಭ૓ढ़࿑ᄻ ‫ދ‬஻Ⴝ၉ఖພƗ၀୆࿑ᄻ ‫ދ‬ଚഺಭ၉ఖພè ۶ሩ௧ଥҐԢ෵߉֬ ๴‫ؚ‬લ੣֬ӳ൮ಭদනࠎ ྿൥‫ޚ‬١ѓ֬Ɨ֓൥ᆊར Ⴚ༫ಓ‫ي‬ਛ၉ࠋಭऑᄤ၉ ఖພৈ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬è кᆇܻ٘Ɨཊքಭ൥ ҉൥લ֫ৼພৈ‫֫؂‬՝ະ કഏ࿠ᅺ๶࣬ƪ ೉ࣉƗಭ૓൥‫ڕ‬Ⴜ‫ن‬ ཊ೉ঀৈၟ‫ދ‬ၢັ҉๤ƪ ֙໨૓ඊ༘֬Ⴚ༫Ы ٩ഏະƗᄤྜྷ‫ڀ‬ᆴ჌Ɨк ᆇಱເսࡌ႒‫ۅ‬ሴ༬ཟཟ ᄤᆊ‫ݝ‬Ӹ֙ᇖ޴ં‫ל‬ਛ൐ ીèᄤ‫ۼ‬෢ӝੇᆴࡄƗ٘ ിग़࠶ւদਛѓ৭Ɨಖւ ቃਛ൐ીè

ະક೧ಧ սࡌ֬ᄺರ



ा૲ҌƗ႟್ဋਁ֬൥ Ҡमಭᝁ֬‫׵‬༅ൺ୸ᅽ ௒Ɨࠎᆇ൥ѯູमᆨߘᆇྺး୍ ֬õ4QSMöদԛࠩ൴ඓ‫ٵ‬Ⴏְ֬ И֤è୍߽ս৶φõ4QSMöઞƪ ߕ൥໴൱ƪ õ4QSMöᆊ۸ՔƗ෠൥ӏࡵ ֬ႎ໚Ք߿Ɨ֓ಖႀധ࢓ະᅦ૲ Ҍ‫ؾ‬௻ࠪèሸ૲Ҍսලõᗓఖö ‫ޱ‬Ɨᄤಷӏഺࠊৡᄱၟє֫໴԰ ҉ᄤèບࡍഏ೉ࣉսҍ‫ٺ‬ಭ൴ ၉ขᇍ୆൴ࠖƗးഏ૲Ҍ౥‫ؾ‬ၥ एè


ࣔ၉ཻܸ჆ະક೧ ಧ֬ྔ໛ಥಭ֋ Ⴓè၉ሾܸ჆၉ଇ ෦֬ ౤୔ႀᄤະકഏृ֯ሸ࠴ ҉࿵ᅽ௒‫ؾ‬ᄬൺਛ၉‫୔ؚ‬ ౥౭ੰ‫ؚ‬ఊেෳè ࣔ࠲۸ྙఀƗ۹սИ ृ‫؂‬པࡆИ֨ᆊ৒֬ະક ቓϊƗ‫ؾ‬ఊᇽးႀු‫؂‬თ ‫ں‬ଢႼܸè‫ؚ‬჆ՕൠƗ‫ڪ‬ ֤჻ѝ൜ࡌӐᄤႋ֤‫ݠ‬ሷ ֬ະഏྡྷເྺး‫࠙۾߯ن‬ ࠥ֬࢟೫è кᆇ٫ӏᄨ๤‫֤ڪ‬჻ ֬ၰࡵèࣉಷদग़࠶ಷၴ ࣐ҋƗ྿‫ݠཱིئ‬՝‫ཱིޚ‬ः ा൚࿗߽ൗႯ‫׏‬ାƗະક ְè‫ں‬ଢ႒‫ۅ‬՝ཱིः‫ݠؚ‬ ሷ݀ංᆥಙ֪ܻ֬֨‫ࡕދ‬ ᆻܻè ೉‫ݛ‬ᄤફફࢫԯग़࠶ ֬‫ݝ‬Ӹᇖ‫؃׀ށށ‬գ‫ݠ‬ ሷƗ஫๤෷૓၉ఖ࿗༤਌ ‫ࡹދށ‬ॉ֬࿗༤ࣣမƗк ᆇཔྗະકቓϊ߽ႀՕս ս࡯ങè ֙ಝƗ၀҉୆ϣᄺರ ಍ ҍ ݉ ࢹ ֥ ࡌ Ӑ ഭ ഏ è ཊᄤ֬‫ں‬ଢોๆલ჆‫܄‬ ቛƗӛࣻລ໻Ɨ‫ۻ‬ЮેႼ ‫ئ‬჌֬൏࡞‫؃‬գ‫ݠ‬ሷ၀҉ ᆰ֨෷૓ቚਛ൐ીè ৯೉उህᄤ࿗ཱུේഡ ֬࿗ഺƗ෷૓սҍ‫ٺ‬൏࡞ ൥ᄤሸ࠴֬ේഡƗ෷֬‫ں‬

ҳ๴ǧອๆҔ õႼ໠฼ ᅺખખƌö

ଢ၀໴ٌࠪ൏ᄤഭஜ‫ؚ‬ఊ ࣶᆥთႋ֤è ೉‫ݛ‬၉ཻ౤ങ୔თ‫ں‬ ଢܸ֬༩҉൥‫ށޚ‬Ɨ‫ں‬ଢ ֬‫ש‬ᔛࠎࢤ֤‫ۻ‬Юःఖ҉ ਛቛႯèႵՕढ़ࡵƗ‫ں‬ଢ ֬ᆾ֤൥Ⴜདྷ֬è кᆇಱເԩਛࡌ๝ࢤ ჩƗ౤ങ୔Юഭ‫ދ‬ᇢᄬ֬ ധ߽၀֫‫ڼ‬ఖ၉ཻᄺರè ౤ങ୔པ‫׀ؚ‬ಓ‫ي‬ሸ໨ၰ ൔƗ‫ޚ‬ಿၥൺ֥ᇢຽߓࣩ ֬ႜའƗ՝ૉ฿֫֨Օྡྷ ເःર଩‫ڋۼ‬è ‫ۻ‬ओ‫ן‬ҷ཈൜Ɨࢫԯ ߁৺ະ֬ಭ먜൞ࢿಭ८

֬೟ ‫ٺ‬ᆴ၉èᆊ൥၉۸ པ֙஛ս֬ඛሺè ᆊ၀ ၰ໌ሩ଩ఴႼӘ‫ݝ‬਍ၨ ະ૽ࠊᄈᄤະકഏè ෠ಝཊք֬౤ങ୔ ࣡๠‫׏‬ሷग़࠶Ɨढ़൥෷ ૓֬මཟ‫ދ‬԰য়١൛ෂ ޳ߕેӵඊ֥ቇၢሸႵ ‫׀‬԰য়ະકൠ༇è ቀ‫ؾ‬ငᆴƗࡌ๝ࢤ ჩ෠ಝ൥ࢺबະક໠฼ ܸ֬ࡶƗ֓ߕႼఊ෷ႀ ු೉ധ߽໠฼Ɨ࿗ཱུࢤ ჩᄤ౤ങ୔֬ྖয়‫ދ‬౭ ‫ے‬၀Ϲဍਛ٫ӏܸࡶྦ ֬࢟೫è

ֿ֥൥း‫ے‬ธಭྦᆎ ढ़ၢ೉Օ৖ଘƗߕ൥ ႒‫୵ିۅ‬ᄱၟ૲‫ؚ‬ᇴ ‫ئ‬ധ࢓ະᅦ֬ሮ࿦‫ޢ‬ ᅐ‫ؾ‬ᄱၟ‫ؚ‬෵Ⴜൠ౭ ગф֬ಭ૓è

୍པྗõ4QSMö၉ᅭᅽ௒ᆎ֬ ढ़ၢເମ໑҉ྤ֬ѯߘञᅃ၉ჴ ઞƪкᆇಱເ‫҉ߌٳ‬Ⴏ‫ئ‬නƥആ Ⴏܼ֨֬ƗߕႼ৭Ⴏܼ֨֬Ɨ໨ ૓ሸಝ‫ٺ‬і֫Ԣদè ᇁ൥Ɨᆊ۸ະક֬‫؎ݚ‬Ɨᄤ၉ ཻ҉ྡྷൗõ‫૽܋‬öᄺರ֬ະ૽֬ ᑄ؄༶Ɨෂ޳ᄇদᄇ҉ढ़πਛè ಝ‫ޱ‬ƗᆊཻõՒആࠊ‫׵‬öУ ‫ࠖ׵֬ޱ‬ғ൥ᆎᆥಥкᆇϫමଔ ࢺèᆊ໴٫൥࡞ࢫ‫ع‬ೱਛಭ૓‫ؚ‬ ଱ཻᆎᆥྺးЁሀ֬õ౷ሀöИ ֤֬ྗರè ၉໑๠‫૲ݝ‬Ҍᆷѳകนሸೱ

಍‫ݝ‬Ӹ֬ങ୶ƗᄤӐչ ‫ٺ‬ ᇙƗთ‫ئ‬չ!ଇະႽ֬࢓ฒ‫ݝ‬ ӸᇖƗ࣯ಝેಭ୆ቌᆿເ౭ሸ ೱᆊԢПझ֬‫ن‬ഺèቒᇛ֬ൊ ൵ߕ൥Ⴕׂ‫ل‬ๆٙࡌ֬଺Ⴝ‫ن‬ ཊè ᆊ൏ްƗкᆇ໴ସֿ֥൥း ‫ے‬ธಭྦᆎढ़ၢ೉Օ৖ଘƗߕ ൥႒‫୵ିۅ‬ᄱၟ૲‫ؚ‬ᇴ‫ئ‬ധ࢓ ະᅦ֬ሮ࿦‫ޢ‬ᅐ‫ؾ‬ᄱၟ‫ؚ‬෵Ⴜ ൠ౭ગф֬ಭ૓è ৼ଩؉ሩഭя֬౛Ⴝ၉ҋ ҋ‫෉ؕ׀‬ഺଈ֬ൠࡸ‫؂‬୆ಿ ྿‫ن‬ഺƗ໨૓ߕ୆௤൐ીۡ ತõ4QSM၉۸ࣾಭ၉ଈö֬८ ‫ރ‬è୆ቚ֥ᆊဩ֬Ɨ֙൓ඒ٫ ٞ​ٞᆴТè Ⴜਛ૲ҌƗഺࠊє֫೉Օ١ ѓèᄤõుъöഏ๷࿫ಃքഺ ಷሇ‫ޖ‬çᄤ႒ႯӸ൛ৡᄎ؇ቒ ྔ֬ྔ໛཯༖ಃքསИഌ‫ׯ‬ᄎ ોಷИᇃçൗႯནഏ૮‫֬ٵ‬ቒ ྔႺ༫ࢿ૲è ၀Ⴜಭढ़ၢ​ၢ༦ߒᅽ௒֬١ ൛ಃքõྡྷ‫׵‬öቚആൠƗः൥ ෵໓֬õ၉۸4QSMᆤࣾ၉۸ഺ ଈöࠎᆇõ၉۸4QSMञሀആং ၉ჴöְ​ְè ၉۸ಥಭढ़ၢ଱ી݂ଃᆥս ‫ ׀‬õ๭ö۸١ѓ֬‫ױ‬།Ɨսࡌ ֙ಝπè ෵ၢƗ֍՝଱ಷၴሗս֬ ૲ҌႯ߃ඛओদैƗःढ़ၢ ᆰ֨Ɨֿ֥ેႼ‫ئ‬ങಭढ़ၢ ቚ֥õສ߄՞ᇖ‫ݝ‬Ɨ௒၄҉ᅜ ഭöࣩ֬ࢿè ‫ؾ‬ᆊ၉‫ܩ‬೉Օõ‫ݹ‬ö֬૲Ҍ ӝੇƗሸಝ૮҉ਛ߽Ⴜ໛֥߄ བྷբႡ‫ؾ‬ᇇ֬Ⴜྖಭ൝è õഺଈӻढ़‫ݓ‬Ɨ૲Ҍࡕ‫۾‬ ۡöèᆊ҉൥ढ़‫ط‬Ɨ൥൐ીè

ະ ഏ ౷ ሀ ‫ތ‬ ൏ ‫ۅ‬ ബ Ԣ ჸ ൴

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7+( 1$1<$1*



଱ཻ୔Ɨ໨૓၉ఖ‫ ֬ݝ‬๧ ୔ ᄤલ੣֬ս࿗ഺࠊᇖƗ൥‫ڕ‬ӏಥ୍ߴၲఖ๧୔֬ૌ‫ށ‬൏݂ƪ෠ಝ଱൥໨૓‫҉ߴ؂‬ಇ֬՝ఴƗ ֓൥ቐৡԀሩ֬଱ཻਲ਼൑Ɨ൴ৡ໫ሩ֬଱ཻພकƗಖ҉࣎࣎ᇁհᄤ჆଱ཻ୔ƌЮఀ֬ഺࠊƗ ಥࡁᆇᅂ஭ᡁ‫ދ‬ᅭමࡈւ୍࿠ߴ଱ཻ୔Ɨ໨૓၉ఖԀ֬ਲ਼ቐƗ၉ఖພ֬Ⴚ༫ƌ 7TL ;KPWWT ,MTQOP\[


ະᅦເଇ֬ᆊࡌഌ‫ג‬Ɨ ैෂთ௻๠֬ਪৡഌ‫ג‬ ҉໴਍ဩƗ൓ࡄഏಖୄႼర খè၉෾್‫ג‬ୄƗဋఴ۹൛۹ ဩ֬Ե๫ѭ‫ۋ‬ç๧୔ພकࠪม ‫ݛ‬Ɨւ਼ሩ໨૓ߴ֥ਛ‫ݝ‬ಇ֬ ൏݂èᆊ࡞ѭ‫ށגۋ‬и၉࡞ૠ ୍৬ൕѷ༅ܽƗႌҦሩ྿‫ئ‬ಭ ๧୔֬ߴၲè ‫ג‬ৡቒເาѠ֬൥ుя଱၉ ஍஍ᆣ఑Ѱਠሩ֬Ե๫ѭ‫ۋ‬๔ ‫ގ‬Ɨો۸๔‫ގ‬ৡ‫؂‬ሔሩ҉๤८ ໌֬ѭ‫ۋ‬è ෠ಝᆊཻѭ‫ۋ‬௻љഏ‫ߕ؂‬ၥ ჆‫֫ܚ‬Ɨ֓൥ಶಝГ੄ၢ๔‫ގ‬ ൹ઢѭ‫ࡌג֬ۋ‬ၟࣣ҉‫ئ‬è ‫ג‬ᇖ൹ઢ֬ѭ‫ۋ‬ᇜ৒ٕ‫ئ‬Ɨ ೉દ๯ѭ‫ۋ‬çଶႹѭ‫ۋ‬ç్य़ ৶णၢࠪ҉୆҉฻֬߄ᅤѭ‫ۋ‬ ְèන֥߄ᅤѭ‫ۋ‬Ɨಥࡁᆇ҉ ࣣၰཟఖཱི൏ް༦ߒϣѭ‫ۋ‬ഏ ଱໻စ੉೫֬ѩมᅒ༶দԀ֬ ༤ܿè ԩՕᆴບƗ෷૓၀൹ઢ۹൛ ‫ؿ‬൏֬ม‫ࠪݛ‬ਲ਼൑Ɨ՝սϩ๻ ଶมç೽ᢦѭçМᅐมçᔨᔨ มƗ֥<7:)ࠪ‫֙ש‬ƗߕႼ྿ ‫ئ‬ϻ෢໨૓ӵӐ֬ਲ਼ቐ‫؂‬ढ़ᄤ ‫ג‬ᇖ࿠ࠍè ‫ג‬ୄ၀൹ઢ۹൛۹ဩ֬‫ؿ‬൏ ພकƗ೉ࣣ‫֬׌‬ඪᇖัಈႺ༫ ࠖç๎భሷç໻৳്ç଑ඓ١ ॽç‫ࠖ٭‬଍ྟְƗၢႍࠪႼ۹ ‫ݚݚ‬ఒ֬ཤொҏƗಥࡁᆇಮ҉ ህ၀ઠਛ၉ཻߴࡌ൳Ҧè ᄤҗ٧֬‫ݝ‬ӸᇖƗদັ֬ ‫ܫ‬ॡ٫ӏ‫ئ‬Ɨཔྗᆎӻ֬‫ڢ‬༇ ฆ؎Ɨᄣࡍഏ‫ئ‬ჴߋ֬ӈ௝࿑ ᄻƗၢࠪ‫ࡌג‬ѬԂሩГ੄Ե๫ ֬࣡റƗᆥ൥෷૓༒ႋ‫ܫ‬ॡ֬ ჷႀè

ቃ್‫ג‬ୄƗ႟್ဋਁ֬ ः൥Ϭ٩ᄤନࡖഏ֬຋ ઋçᥝሷçѱ৷֗ᇯְ‫ؿ‬൏ພ कƗϻ෢ཻ྿‫ؿ‬๧؇༅è ၉ሎ൵Ɨ࠮‫ن‬ཊ‫ג‬ୄԩਛ൹ ઢടఋç‫ࠖ٭‬ఋç‫׽‬ർఋƗ၀ Ⴜ=67ç0IXXa .IUQTaְᇃஎ Ⴚ༫è ၉ก๯Ɨ଩݂ථ࡞Ық๖ ᇖၢ‫ޘ‬Ϸເᇽ֬Уࣦ෵༒ႋƗ ैሩႯ‫ٿ‬кࠂԢ֬๒‫ࠖ٭‬ç໻ ৳്Ɨಥಭ٦‫֥ߴڔ‬๧୔֬൏ ݂èᅏैᆴ༶Ɨಥಭ༉ၢເᆊ ൥၉ࡌພक‫ג‬èಝ‫ؾ‬Ɨҙ֍ഏ ֬۹൛ѭ‫ۋ‬ç֘ۤç๊௝ࠪᇽ ൑Ɨ฻ྣሩ໨૓ᆊ൥ࡌқ๖è ‫ג‬ᇽ7TQ^QIƓ !෦Ɣ჆਍୔ ఴाനᆊࡌၢߏཱུࣿჺ‫ڋ‬ເᇽ ฼֬қ๖è෹ᄤൺ٧൏๰੤ሸ ࠴ӵӐ჆ ࠪ ୔քè ෹‫ޚ‬༦ߒၢఴພ֬၉ཻພक ࠪൠ༅Ɨ‫ޚ‬ཟთѠಭ၉๤‫ٺ‬ཡ ‫ؿ‬൏ঀৈ֬ࡁၲƗႀՕब‫׮‬ा നᆊࡌ‫ג‬è ෹༗ຳ‫ܫ‬ॡ၉ቃ್෹֬қ ๖Ɨःཥቜഏ൏݂ࠖƗाచߴ ၲ֬ੱӸè྿‫ئ‬ಭӏཱྀࡌւढ দ֥෹֬қ๖è෹‫ޚ‬༦ߒैሩ ၉ࡌಭদ֥ᆊৡƗ‫ں‬ଢቀས‫ݠ‬ ሷ‫ٺ‬ཡମ၉ཻ൥෷૓՝ఴພ‫ݝ‬ ֬Ⴚ༫Ɨମ၉ཻ൥෷૓՝ఴπ Ԁ֬൑༅Ɨ՝ᇖգ࣐౛ሷ࡞֬ ߁‫׵‬è ‫ג‬ᇽ၀ۨෛࡁᆇқ๖ৡ֬൑ ༅‫؂‬൥φᅽ෹֬‫ں‬ଢԵ༶দ֬ ൑௽ளᇹ֬è෹‫؂ׄ​ׄދ‬फ֫ ෷૓ࡌளᇹ֬൑༅٫ӏૌ໌Ɨ πთ෷ಭ‫ٺ‬ཡ֬෷૓ཟಥѠಭ ӎ൲෷૓֬ࡌԵҙƗᆊ၀ӵਛ ෷૓ाനқ๖֬଩֬è‫ג‬ᇽས ໨૓๾ࡰᅸஎҙᔆೳƗ؇ᆇ૓ Ⴜ߽ࠖ҉٥ӎӎè

7TL ;KPWWT ,MTQOP\[ ൥၉ࡌၢߏཱུࣿჺ‫ڋ‬ເᇽ฼֬қ๖è ണႜd ‫࠸ݙ‬ਨ ۹ᇜཱི൏ް֬ພक‫؂‬ढ़ၢᄤ7TL ;KPWWT ,MTQOP\[ᅺ֥è *Q[K]Q\3QVO KWU [O ཮൹۹ᇜԵ๫ਲ਼൑‫ؿދ‬൏ພक

‫۾‬ᆥ 7TL ;KPWWT ,MTQOP\[

‫׀‬ᆽƥ 5 =XXMZ <PWU[WV :WIL ;QVOIXWZM ႖၃൏࡞ƥ XU XUƓྙఀ၉ࠪྙఀ‫ྯل‬ ༖Ɣ ৺ક‫ߌ׏‬ƥ ! ະᅦƥ 1VNW(WTL[KPWWTLMTQOP\[ KWU ‫׏‬Ⴖƥ7TQ^QI(WTL[KPWWTLMTQOP\[ KWU


‫׀‬ᆽƥ +I[]IZQVI :WIL ;QVOIXWZM ! ႖၃൏࡞ƥ IU XUƓྙఀ‫ل‬ᇇྙఀ੉Ɣ Ɨ XU XUƓྙఀಷƔƗྙఀ၉ྯ༖ ৺ક‫ߌ׏‬ƥ ! ະᅦƥ___ JQ[K]Q\SQVO KWU [OƓढ़ഏະ‫ܚׯ‬Ɣ ‫׏‬ႶƥJMVVa(JQ[K]Q\SQVO KWU [O

ৠय़౞ࡁᆇ߽֬ࡁᆇ൥ ߢࡈਥ ోቶଃࡁᆇ߽֬ࡁᆇ൥ သଃ߷èƓ>WT 6W !Ɨ ၁Ɣ ହս࿗ഺञ࿚ྖฆ‫ן‬ҷ ֬ᇌ๴߉ࡌ൥2MZWUMƗ Ɠ>WT 6W !Ɨ Ɣ าՕ‫۾‬ᆥƗೖႀՕӈഺ ҉ѓƗമ‫ے‬З఼è


7+( 1$1<$1*

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ߴࡌ࿍Եሌࠧ ۳ບ໘Ꮵ

ਦवࢴѝ൜ߴ֥ࡌཛ֬‫ے‬फႼཻ҉၉ဩƗྔࡍ௨໘Ꮵ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬ಥሸ࠴҉߽ϣ෸֙ӵ൥ ‫܄‬ቛè ണႜdߢव‫ډ‬


वࢴւሩ౥ළ֬ླྀ ਃԢཊᄤૉ฿ࡁᆇ

߽ഏƗ߆ଳႂৈӖ௒‫܋‬ යເ෷฻ఴ౰ഺƓ ᄌ ಷƔƗཊӍߕา‫׀‬ເ෷ሠ Шਛ෷ቒ༦ߒ֬೟࢟ۘౝ ֘ۤè

ਦवࢴѝ൜Ɨߴ֥ࡌ ཛ֬‫ے‬फႼཻ҉၉ဩƗ໘ Ꮵ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬ಥሸ࠴҉߽ϣ෸ ֙ӵ൥‫܄‬ቛè Ы໠ࠪ‫ࡍྔߴેࣹئ‬

௨Ɨਦवࢴ๰੤Մࢲ֬൏ ްႼߴদ‫ݝ‬Ɨᇁ൥ેႼ‫܋‬ ा֬ࠊ‫׵‬Ɨ෵ၢᆣ۸ྡྷӸ иࢧֵ‫ן‬è खঢ়ഏ၉ᅭԾቛሌࠧ ၟࣣႼ਍୔֬൏࡞Ɨᆊ՘ ւদ֬಍ྔԾቛሌࠧû࿗ ҉߽üთၢັ֬ሌࠧ‫҉؂‬ ฅ၉ဩè ਦवࢴනƗõఊ൓ᄤ ᆊ਍୔֙ᇖƗႼ‫ױئޚ‬། ‫ۆ؂‬єਛƗи೉නႀເߗ ਛ‫܋‬ය‫ۆؾ‬є֬‫܄‬ቛߓ ࣩèö න֥ᆊৡƗਦवࢴߴ ၲఖ֙୔ᄤྔࡍ௨ۗा൚ ࢫԯႂৈၢࠪӖ௒‫܋‬ය֬ ࣣ৬ƗѰౖ฻֥֙൏֥֫ ‫ুئޚ‬ൄ֬ᄞநè ෷ѝ൜ᄤྔ֬ߓࣩ߽ Ⴎ჆ӎ൲‫ދ‬ւሩ࡛Ԃࡆ࿊ ቃ༶ಇè û࿗҉߽ü൥ਦवࢴ ሸ࠴ׂ၉՘ӵ৲֬ᇌቛ‫܋‬ යຢ಍ЎϾ֬è ᆴఴᄤᇌቛ١૲Ⴜ‫ޚ‬ ‫֫ྖئ‬෵ၢᆊ՘෷ϣ‫ئޚ‬ ཟٌ‫؂‬٩ᄤሌࠧৡ૲Ɨ༗ ຳսࡌ୆‫ܛ‬՝ᆊᅭሌࠧै

၉۸ᆺሩማ౷ሸ࠴‫ے‬౭൞ ࢿ֬ಭè ෷ѝ൜՝Ԣ֥֨ཊ ᄤƗᄤսࡌဋৡሸ࠴၉ᆷ ‫ે؂‬Ⴜ၉ؔಙ‫ے֬׮‬౭Ɨ ෠ಝሸ࠴ᄤ‫ے‬౭١૲҉ؕ ଊෳ‫୴ދ‬৶Ɨढ़൥Ⴜ‫ئޚ‬ õû࿗҉߽ü‫ؚ‬໨দ ‫׀‬١ߕ൥õ࿗҉߽öè ෷फ֫ᄤཊ൓ᇖႼ‫ޚ‬ නԩਛ൥၉ᅭ಍ྔ֬ ႂৈቛ௝ᆴບƗ෸၀ ‫ࣣئ‬৬҉൥ሸ࠴ཟཧ֬଱ ෟ൥໨ಭഺ֬၉۸‫ ٺ‬ဩƗ෵ၢႼ၉ؔ൏ఀད್ ਛиࢧ଻‫֬ݝ‬መฆè ཡèö ႀՕғ྆Ԣਛû࿗҉ ਦवࢴ ߽üᆊᅭሌࠧƗఊᇖπ౭ ೟ҍ౾û࿗҉߽üƗû҉ հ ᄤ ֬ ౭ ಭ ü ‫ ދ‬û 4 W ^ M ࠴֬ୄྖ൞ࢿ൏Ɨਦवࢴ aW] aW]üቒ୆քѝᆣᅭሌ ߽Ⴏ‫҉ئޚ‬๤֬౾‫ڋ‬Ծቛ ࠧ֬‫ۇ‬୘‫ދ‬෷֬ྖ౭è ֙Ы໠֥൥‫ڕ‬Ⴜ՝‫ݝ‬ য়୘দѝཊሸ࠴ႂৈԾቛ ֬‫ےڽڅ‬౭è෷ഹӲᆴఴ ಇࣣ֬৬࿗༤֥൐ીƗਦ ֬ሌࠧõພ໌öиࢧᇞè वࢴනƗõ࿗߽‫۾‬ਛࢺሸ õ ‫ ؾ‬ᆊ ᅭ ሌ ࠧ ‫ ؚ‬໨ দ ࠴Ɨႀເढ़୆ሸ࠴൥ϩဢ නԩਛ൥၉ᅭ಍ྔ֬ႂৈ ቝƗቚൠ၉ϵиࢧԑ‫׵‬Ɨ ቛ௝ᆴບƗ෸၀ෟ൥໨ಭ ߽දሩ‫ے‬फቃèö ਦवࢴಱເ෷֬ྦ۳ ഺ֬၉۸‫ٺ‬ཡöƗਦवࢴ ณငƗõᆊ਍୔ࣣ৬ਛ‫ؚ ޚ‬჆ሸ࠴֬ႂৈԾቛႼЁ ሀè֓൥Ɨᄤ԰য়ഺࠊ١ ‫ئ‬ఖఖ‫ڠڠ‬èö ਦ व ࢴ ഹ Ӳ ሸ ࠴ ൥ ၉ ૲Ɨߕ൥းྺး༼๛༶দ ۸ᇞ‫ے‬౭֬ಭƗ๤൏၀൥ මॐಝ‫ޱ‬ᄣቚԢब‫׮‬è ֥၉۸‫۾‬๰֬ਦवࢴè ‫ؚ‬иᆴఴ֬ሌࠧƗਦ वࢴಱເሸ࠴ᄤۗԢ֨൏ ѝཊყࢧృè ֙෷फ֫໴ٌᄤ໚ሺ ഏ‫ޚ‬಍૲‫׀‬ಥսࡌᆰ֨ሸ


‫ܤ‬৪ܻᇠս֐൜π ໿මुᄤ ᄌ ಷເྔࡍ௨ ۪ૠཋഏਛ྿‫ـئ‬ඊ୆ཞ۪֬ ౾Ɨ৯೉û‫ٺ‬ཡü‫ދ‬ûาѠ֬ π‫ۺ‬าѠ୍֬üƗ‫ܔ‬ఖܻᇠ૓ ୔౥൏֬ߴၲè ໿මुᄤขഏ୆۪ആ໾Ɨ๤ ൏၀๠‫ݝ‬ཊӍৈ๽ϻቄƗϣఞ ‫ۥٹ‬ಪƗಥܻᇠ૓ߴ໌ཱི൏ް ٫ӏ༦ߒ֬ੇྡྷ۪౾è ໿මुาѠᄤဍӖ߽ഏເྔ ࡍ௨஻Ⴝ൵՘ཋഏû၉Ͻü‫ދ‬ û౤֢üè෷၀าѠᄤûషন മনüׂ၉՘თսࡌ‫ٺ‬ཡ෷֬ ಍ࡌ‫ڝ‬Ɨෛනԩਛႂৈçࡌಭ ‫ݠދ‬ሷ૓֬ӵӐߴၲè ဍӖ߽֬҉ങ۪౾൥໿මु ၉я֗ቄ҉๤ৈఝƗ၉яဍӖ দӶཊ‫ۺ‬սࡌè ໿මुಥཊӍܻᇠ0QOPّๆƗϣ ႴఊᄤဍӖûπ֬ۘౝ൴ü ఞ‫ۥٹ‬ಪè ൏Ɨ໿මु၀్ૺ֬ၢఊ෷ৈ ᅽ௒d=V][]IT 8ZWL]K\QWV[ ฻‫ ܉‬൴๠‫;ݝ‬WTW֬ྠ൛སսࡌࣁജ ϻቄ๽‫ؙ‬ৡ֬ӵ჻ ໿මुߕᄤဍӖ߽ഏѝ൜ሸ ࿿ࡈৈ И֨ ࠴ཱི൏ްྦ۳иࢧሸхƗ‫֥ے‬ ‫ܢ‬؆֬෷๠‫ۘݝ‬ౝ֬ౝࡶഹᅺ ຝႂৈғሷ໿මु֥െ ֥ਛτ໕‫ঀދ‬ৈƗ՝Օᄤ෷ྖ ӳाӖƗѝဍቒ‫ߕޱ‬ᇽ ৡᄞ༶ਛႂৈ֬ᇜሷƗಥ෷ा Ԃõπ֬ѝཊս෍ෳöƗ‫ܤ‬৪ ൚࿗ႂৈè ෷ϣۘౝ֙ӵ‫ށ‬஻ႽƗ෷ϣ ᄤӍ֬஻Ⴝ૓‫ؚ‬෷ഭஜ֬౛ ಭƗ஻Ⴝѝ൜πၰèႼཻཊӍ ྿‫ئ‬౭‫ދے‬๮್ᄤۘౝৡƗᆊ ၀൥෷Ծቛਹ‫֬ے‬দჾè ֬౭ੰߕ֙ᇠࢫໝè


਍ಭ෠ಝཔҼ੉෦Ɨ֓൥ྦ۳ൌ‫֫ލٺ‬দƗᄤ၉ఖཔ԰ ‫ޱ‬ғ‫ن‬ཊਛлՕཱི֬༤ܿè ണႜdӮढ़ᄖ

ᅼѩĶИ֨ ᇖ໚ѐࠧ


ૌ଺໾֠๽฿ )3Ɨ‫܋‬ाᆟ࿑ྔ ๽჻èലࢀިླྀӲ༗ຳ ‫ئ‬ᅸ൳୶๽჻Ɨႀເ‫܋‬ ය၉ᆷၢদ҉ಥ෷ฒਅ πƗ೉‫ݛ‬Ⴜྔ๽჻֬ߌ ߽‫ޚ‬ाྖè Ӯᒹࢺ൫නƗ෷૓၉ ᆷᄤཟ༶۸ႂৈቛ௝း ၢ൐ી١൛ӶཊƗᆊ൥ ब‫֬׮‬ఊᇖ၉۸ར଩Ɨ ྔ֬๽჻୆ᅀࡍྔ༾ ‫ے‬ƗԾᄶ‫҉ئ۾‬๤֬ѝ ဍ‫ڋ‬۳è ෷ณӼƥõᆊ၀൥۸ ๎ᅥƗႀເಭ࣐দਛƗ

ш྽ᇞྔ൨႒Ɨࠎ྿߽‫ށ‬Ɨ ࠎ྿߽҉‫ށ‬èö ലࢀި֡൥‫ޚ‬ৈܻƗᆷ ޲ƥõቒाྖ֬൥ढ़ၢᆟ൳ ୶๽჻ƌ‫܋‬ය၉ᆷ҉ಥ໨૓ ฒਅπƗ೉‫ݛ‬Ⴜ๽჻‫ށ‬ཥഔ ຸढ़ၢाྖ‫׋‬ƌöߌ၉ԢƗ ࠮ЫӮᒹӲõ‫࠽܋‬ඹႯöƌ ֙ӮᒹӺ౩ሸ࠴ᄱःે Ы࣓ᆿฒਅπƗലࢀި৲ॠ ‫ے‬ธ଱൥õ҉௣ְևტöè Ӯᒹࢺ൫ƥõ‫܋‬ය၀ે Ⴜන၉‫҉׮‬ሠƓฒਅπƔƗ ֓ःෟ‫܋‬ය٩໨૓ಇฒਅ πƗ၀֫‫ۺ‬໨૓൏࡞ಇฒਅ πƗ໨૓‫଻ޚ‬ா֥୆ᆎᆥಇ ࢓ັ֬‫ؚ‬ཧèö ೉‫ݛ‬ཊࣉ ෦֬ലࢀި ཟฒਅπୂƪӮᒹླྀሩս١

๰੤Ɨၢఴ၀Ⴜ๭๭ฒ ਅπƗᆊ‫୔ؚ‬౥ಭদන ‫ޚ‬ᆥӏƗᇁး҉ႜའ֥ ‫܄‬ቛः‫ށ‬è ೉ս۩۩၉ϵƗ෷ ҇Ԑƥõ෷ƓലࢀިƔ ाྖቒᇞးèö )3๽჻Ӯᒹ‫ދ‬ലࢀ ި჆ಇ୔๾Ԣ֍౾ûৠ ཱི੊üƗ ᄌ‫ځ‬ᇛ჆൵ ՘ၢ๽฿ഭ‫ځ‬দྔ࿍ Եè ෠ಝཔҼ ෦ ƓӮᒹ ෦Ɨലࢀި ෦ƔƗ ֓਍ಭ‫֫ލޚ‬দèӮᒹ ླྀනƥöཟ‫ٺ‬ा‫҉ٺ؂‬ ਛƌö ӵ๽‫ޱ‬ህᄤ၉ఖƗ ෷૓ғ‫ن‬ཊлՕཱི֬༤ ܿèലࢀިሸМ‫ޚ‬πধ ԼƗୀᇙႬᄀ൥ଭদࢨ ྣӮᒹè ֙Ы໠ࠪࢃ႗ଥԡ ໝཋ‫ۺ‬བྷ‫۝‬ᅔ଺୶റᇢ ྵଲƗലࢀި੤Ԣཱི଺ ഺϵ֬ྱ೬ѝ౭è ෷๰੤Ɨ֤ဍເਛ ಥ෷૓ࣗঀ್࣐መฆƗ ᆷࢫࢃ෷‫ދ‬ᇢྵଲׂ֬ ၉Ӎ༫τ஍ເໝ༫è ቒ‫ޱ‬஌֫҉‫ܛ‬ঽબ ߕ֫ᇞ஌Ɨ஌ਛ‫ل‬ᇇ೟ ۸ཱི൏ғս‫ۨ܆‬ӵè࣌ ᅭ֬෷Ɨߕ‫ܪ‬ၰ೘߭Ɨ ϣཟैಪୀ֬ඊಭ૓௓ ቃఊᇖःЎচӮᒹè

࠙ ࠥ ༅ ೫ ୶ ๽ ჻

)3 ૉ ฿ ࡁ ᆇ ߽

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7+( 1$1<$1*

10 CHRONICLE ੅৶ဟཱུჺႂৈ߽‫ދ‬ሌ٧

൵՘ହսाӖ ຳთ‫ݚ‬ບৈ൴‫ލ‬ቛ ྡྷሸ࿑ࠧƗ༗ຳ๠‫҉ݝ‬๤ ֬ѐ౾‫؎࢟ދ‬ಥսࡌਛࢺ ෹༦ߒ۪֬౾Ɨ‫ۼ‬սࡌࢊ ‫ܪ‬ൠƗ՝ᇖւদ҉၉ဩ֬ ‫ے‬फè ੅৶ဟ၀ѝ൜෹པ֙ ༦ߒûੱ๶üƗᆊ൵۪ք ѝਛ෹‫ؚ‬ಭഺ֬ᆄয়‫ܻދ‬ ‫׋‬è෹༗ຳढ़ၢϣᆊ൵и ࢧཥ෹‫ڋ‬۳۪֬Ք྆‫ށ‬Ɨ ෵ၢ߄ਛ࠲၇ғຢӵè ਽ບƗ྆ûฒ‫ے‬౭ü ൏ः‫ے‬फиࢧදè෹ಱເ ᆊ൥ႀເûฒ‫ے‬౭ü൥၉ ൵‫֬ྟ׌‬౭۪è ੅৶ဟ༗ຳ๠‫۪ݝ‬౾ ୆‫ܛ‬τ‫ک‬ເ౭ٗି֬஻ ႽƗ༗ຳսࡌ୆‫ܛ‬ϣ‫ے‬౭ ै֫࡬֍၉‫׋‬è ੅৶ဟເսࡌཋഏ֬ ቒ‫ޱ‬၉൵۪ûৣ༅üƗ၀ ൥෹ׂ၉൵ሸԾ۪౾è ቒ‫ޱ‬Ɨ੅৶ဟ༗ຳହ սഺ୆‫ܛ‬ᆭԂ‫ށ‬ႂৈƗᆭ Ԃ੅৶ဟ֬ྔሌࠧèႂৈ ౛౔֬੅৶ဟ၀҉ິ‫ދ‬࿗ഺ૓߁‫׵‬ƗѝչܸྖƗ၀თսࡌ‫ٺ‬ཡਛ෹࿗ഺ൏ఀ෵ࣣ৬ ֬၉ཻൠ౭è ണႜd໚ᐜ

േᒹӨ ࿿ࡈৈĶИ֨

৶ဟ൵՘ཊഭହဣ য়‫܄‬ս࿗एϾûੱ ๶ḩྖ۪ሸ࿑ࠧüཱུჺႂ ৈ߽è Ю՘҉࣎൥੅৶ဟ൵ ՘ᄤЮ‫׀‬एྡྷႂৈ߽Ɨ෹ ၀ाԾ༼‫ޑ‬ӵເ൵໑ᄤହ ဣৣฝ 6IVaIVO )]LQ\W ZQ]U एϾࠊ‫۪֬׵‬൴è ᆊ՘ཱུჺႂৈ߽൥Ⴕ

+)+ 8]JTQK )NNIQZ[ +WU UQ\\MM ᇽϾƦ༒ႋਛᇠ‫ئ‬ ଇ࿗ഺƗ‫ٿ‬ර‫ދ‬༦ߒ੅৶ ဟܻ֬ᇠఴদè ੅৶ဟ၀ᄤ֙ລເս ࡌဍӖਛሌࠧ֬ᇽռ۪û ๆ‫ޱ‬üçûੱ๶üçû ฒ‫ے‬౭üçõ5a ,MTQZQ ]Uö‫ދ‬ûৣ༅üè ֙ЫᇽԂಭ໠֥ମ၉

ӍཱུჺဍӖ߽ႍཧቒമ ൏Ɨ੅৶ဟᆷငõ໨ࡁྦ ҉‫ށ‬Ɨ෵ၢःᆊ՘öƗჂ ၉՘ႋ‫ن‬սࡌ֬ߒ޲è ੅৶ဟ๰੤ሌࠧ֬‫چ‬ ૲஌ണ‫ݝ‬Ӹ෠ಝྒྷॴ֓൥ ᆻ֫è෹ᄤඪৡ஌ਛఅ۸ ཱི൏ғ஌ຢèᆊ՘֬‫૲چ‬ ቒᇽး൥ཟѝཊԢᄤඪ ഏƗႂৈ֬൞ࢿढ़ၢ‫ޚ‬ሸ ᄤƗ‫ڽ‬Ⴜཟཥ৶‫ދ‬଱ᇜõ ֜aW]VOöƗԐનࠊ৶֬ ‫ے‬फè ᆊ՘੅৶ဟ၀࿑ᄻ‫ن‬


ս١Мਟሸ࠴ྦ۳٘Ҽ ອᙢՉĶИ֨

ขຝၣಭཱི‫୔ࣔݍ‬দӵࠢ ༦ಭè ๴௒dະક༶ᄢ

ຝၣಭཱི‫ަߢݍ‬ഽ ࣔ୔দӵࠢ༦ಭè ቒࣔ෷෵ᇽဍ֬ûᆛ๯ü ௗ٣ၟ๳௬ ၨขтè თՕ๤൏Ɨሸ࠴ׂ֬ ‫ل‬ᅭ಍ྔሌࠧû‫ྖޘ‬ഋ ௝ü၀಻֯/ 5][QK‫ڋ‬ᄐ Ѓ֬õ߆მЃöࠪõሿ‫ލ‬ Ѓöටਟܺलè ᄤࡁᆇ߽ഏƗ෷ս١ ‫׀‬ѝ൜ഺࠊ֙ᇖ֬ߢަഽ

ఊ൓‫׏ދ‬൱ৡཱི֬‫҉ݍ‬ฅ ၉ဩè ߢަഽ‫ޚ‬π‫ࣱۋ‬Ɨ၀ ༦ߒቚࡌ༇Ɨи೉ᆣয় ພक‫ݑ‬èõ໨൥‫٘ޚ‬Ҽ֬ ಭè໨၀иࢧ༦ߒ‫ދ‬໨၉ ဩ٘Ҽ֬୶ഺèö ֙Ы໠ࠪቒ҉୆ಮൺ ᄿဩ֬୶ഺ൏Ɨߢަഽณ င҉༦ߒ୶ഺනӐ֨ؒƗ ᄤԼഏԀ‫ױ‬།Ɨϣၐ‫ڢ‬Ҧ ᄤЫሷৡƗࠎ൥ሤഏᄝ઀ ໴ᅪè ཱི‫ݍ‬଩ఴᆥᄤྔࡍ௨

߽ຢп‫ޱ‬Ɨ੅৶ဟ၀ເཊ Ӎܻᇠւদਛ၉Ӎૠ୍ሌ ࠧభଇ߽è ؆ࡌሌ٧ƥ ੅৶ဟಱເûੱ๶ü ሌࠧքѝഺଈᇖ֬ੱ๶‫ދ‬ ࣣ৬è ෹නƥõ҉႒‫ۅ‬ϣѠ ಭ֬ࡕᆻܻృࡍ჆ሸ࠴Ɨ ႒‫ۅ‬Ⴏሸ࠴֬௦੸‫؎෕ދ‬ দ‫ݝ‬ሸ࠴֬ഺࠊèႴఊཥ ۪൴֬ྡྷ၃Ɨഺࠊ‫ࡍ۾‬ථ ༖ສєƗ෵ၢ၉ᆷཟ࡛Ԃ ሸ࠴֬࢝ҋƗಥሸ࠴ाྖ ‫٘ئދ‬ിè ၟࣣ‫߆ދ‬მৈญ྿‫ئ‬ ႂৈಭ‫ލ‬ቛ‫ݝ‬ਛ֬੅৶ဟ ၀༗ຳ୆თ၉ཻ‫ݚ‬ບ֬ৈ ൴ࠎᇌቛಭ‫ލ‬ቛƗи೉ 4ILaPI_SMè ෹҇Ԑ֨Ɨ၀ཟ‫ދ‬ +ZIQO ,I^QL ‫ލ‬ቛƗ֓൥෷ ֬౾‫ڋ‬иࢧ: * Ɨढ़୆

҉൥෹ቒഃӐ਼֬პè ෹๰੤ƥõᄤᇖ‫ݚ‬Ɨ ‫ޚ‬ങ۪౾֬౾‫ڋ‬൥‫׏‬ሷု ‫ݖ‬Ɨ‫ؾ‬໨ၟࣣས‫܋‬ය฻‫ݝ‬ ཟቚᆊᇜиࢧႼಆ֬౾ ‫ڋ‬èཊᄤཟ၉ҋ၉ҋদƗ ႵّӖा൚দቚሸ࠴༦ߒ ֬ႂৈèö ‫ؚ‬჆ाϾ۸ಭဍӖ ߽Ɨ੅৶ဟಱເߕྺး‫ئ‬ ၉‫׋‬ቛ௝্֬࠙‫ދ‬ӭ‫ו‬è ෹༗ຳႼ၉൵‫ޚ‬സ๰֬ ۪Ɨಥ๗ᇠ၉๗֥ः߽ཟ ఖ෹è ੅৶ဟ၀฻֥‫ؚ‬π౭ ֬ᚆᚄè୔౥֬൏ްսࡌ ‫״҉؂‬π౭Ɨ෵ၢ߽ٜ༶ շ༉è෹ಱເಭ၉‫׮‬း൅ ಇ‫ޱ‬ғ߽ᆌ༛èႀՕƗ҉ းႼฅ‫ੵܫئ‬Ɨս֐ಇฒ ۸ਅπႮ჆ӎ൲è ੅৶ဟѰેႼफ֫ሸ ࠴൥۸ଃྙƗ෹ཟთսࡌ ‫ٺ‬ཡሸ࠴֬ཟٌƗၢሸ࠴ ֬‫ڋ‬۳ࡆ࿊ቚ‫ށ‬ႂৈè

ሌࠧƥ û ੱ๶ྖ۪ሸ࿑ࠧü ۪൴ƥ੅৶ဟ ๾ࡰƥûੱ๶üçûฒ‫ے‬౭üç û5a ,MTQZQ]Uü

୔֬࿀൤Ɨ੅৶ဟᇛ჆ւሩྔሌ ࠧûੱ๶ྖ۪ሸ࿑ࠧü‫݃ۺ‬ս۪ ૠ஻Ⴝ࢓ഏ၉‫ځ‬ᆎྖ൓ၰ֬ቛ௝è ਍൵ྔ۪ûੱ๶üၢࠪûฒ‫ے‬౭ü ֬Քቛ಍൥੅৶ဟሸ࠴ຢӵè ሌࠧৡ֬ఊ჌ϝ൵‫؂‬൥ّӖ۪౾Ɨ ෠ಝဍၽԢ੅৶ဟሸ࠴֬‫ڋ‬۳Ʀ֓൥ ҉ങ๗ᇠߕ൥౧སჷϸƗ‫੅ؾ‬৶ဟ֬ ‫ٿ‬ර၀‫۾‬౤ᩬ஄ཥሸ࠴۪֬è

஌ണ෷֬ྔ௒û߄ဩಭ ࡞ü‫׏‬൱झƗ൬ဍ଺ᇽ࢟ ᅼଃྙèᆊ൥ࡆ ୔‫ދ‬ ሓૣ࿙‫ލ‬ቛ֬‫׏‬ႜû၉஥ ‫ުؾ‬ü‫ޱ‬Ⴢ၉՘ᄤྔࡍ௨ ஌ണႜ௒è Ы໠֥‫ࡍྔؚ‬௨‫ے‬फ ೉‫ތ‬൏Ɨཱི‫ݍ‬ณငሸ࠴ఊ ൓၉ᆷ҉༦ߒ༸ๆèõႀ ເ༸ๆ໨‫ޚ‬ങੇ‫ݷ‬Ɨ‫ޚ‬ಿ ၥඪᇝƗ‫҉ޚ‬඄‫ڢ‬èö ֓൥ව࠸೉༸֬ྔࡍ ௨ಖਾཱི‫ݍ‬༦π҉ၟèཱི ‫ޚݍ‬༦ߒྔࡍ௨֬ૌ൑Ɨ Ⴔఊቒπೄն૲è֓൥‫ؚ‬ ჆ੁ৻Ɨߕ൥໴ٌ൨႒è ᄤ ᄌ ‫ރ‬Ɨཱི‫ݍ‬౛਩ ହս֋ರ1UXZM[IZQW֬า ѠࡈѦèཱི‫ݍ‬න෷ढ़ၢ‫ے‬


ቀ฿‫ؾ‬ငƗûੱ๶ྖ۪ሸ࿑ ࠧü൥੅৶ဟ‫ࢺ۪֬ྖؚ‬؇Ɨᆻ֫ ၉๗è ໚ƚອᙢՉƔ

ൺ֥‫ݍ‬ૠ૓֬ಪ౭Ɨ֓൥ ढ़୆ႀເ 1UXZM[IZQW൥۪ ӖиೞƗ෵ၢཊӍ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬ Ⴜཻ࣌ᅭè ᄤû‫ྖޘ‬ഋ௝üᆊᅭ ሌࠧৡƗཱི‫ݍ‬൵՘ӎ൲྆ ۪ՔƗ၉ಭЎ঱ව൵۪Ք ֬ԾቛƗఊᇖЎচႵ໻ᄌ ๆܶർ‫ދ‬δྗ෵௽֬౾û ᜛໦ü‫ދ‬û೬‫ܨ‬üè ཱི‫ݍ‬फ֫ᆊව൵۪౾ ᇖቒ଻֬൥û‫ྖޘ‬üèႀ ເ‫܋‬ය‫ށׯ‬ਛû‫ྖޘ‬üᆊ ۸฼଩Ɨ෵ၢ‫ے‬फЫߊਛ আআƗ٘‫ڶ‬๗ਛ‫ࣹޚ‬ғ྆ Ԣ۪Քদè ‫ؚ‬჆‫ྖޘ‬౭۪֬‫׮‬ ၳƗཱི‫ݍ‬Ⴜ෷؆า֬ࡵ ࢺè෷ಱເ଱ཻᄤ‫ٺ‬൴

‫ޱ‬๗֥୆‫ܔܛ‬ఖ໴དྷਅπ ൏ૌ‫ߴິ଻ށ‬ၲ۪֬౾ः ൥õ‫ྖޘ‬౭۪öè ‫ݍཱིؾ‬෵Ծቛ֬‫ྖޘ‬ ౭۪ः൥ເਛõၢ؄‫܅‬ ؄öƗເ൅ਅ֬ಭਖഋè õಥಭ๗ඊƗ๗୏Ɨ ๗֥ગନèöཱི‫ݍ‬නᆊ൥ ෷֬õࣣမᆴฒèᆎᆥ୆ ᆤࣾሸ࠴֬൥ႂৈèö ෠ಝႜ൱‫ދ‬ႂৈ‫؂‬ቚ ֫‫ޚ‬Ԣ೫Ɨཱི‫ߕݍ‬൥‫۾‬༦ ߒႂৈƗಱເõႂৈ‫۾‬ᇞ းèö ‫ݍౖཱིؾ‬၀༗ຳ୆‫ܛ‬ Ⴏႂৈಥսࡌ‫׀ށ۾‬ಱ ൔçਛࢺ෷ሸ࠴҉࣎Ⴜ‫ۥ‬ ླྀ֬၉૲Ɨ၀Ⴜಱᆎӵඊ ֬၉૲è

Opinions frankly, my dear



THE UNFAIR JUDGE On February 26th, a 17-yearold African-American teenager Trayvon Martin was shot and killed by George Zimmerman, a self-appointed neighbourhood watch volunteer. Martin was on his way home from the local 7-11 in a gated community. Despite carr ying only a pack of Skittles and a can of iced tea, he aroused the suspicion of Zimmerman. The police found Martin dead of a single gunshot wound to the chest. The case has aroused widespread media attention in the US because Zimmerman was not arrested for the shooting. The state of Florida has a “Stand Your Ground� law that allows any person to use lethal force if he or she feels that their life is in danger. However after a campaign from Mar tin’s parents and with immense public support, President Obama pledged that the Justice Department would conduct an investigation into the case. The shooting has raised an interesting point about image. Trayvon was wearing a hoodie at the time of the shooting, which is stereotypically associated with gangster culture. The tape of the 911 call that

Zimmerman himself made revealed that he thought Trayvon was a burglar because of the ‘suspicious’ way he acted, and confronted him despite being warned not to. While merely wearing a hoodie may not make someone a criminal, it’s an unfortunate truth that it makes people suspect that you’re up to no good. In a Singaporean context, our conservative culture has resulted in the public being leery of anything other than the ‘ordinary’, be it tattoos, piercings, the colour and cut of someone’s hair, the colour of their skin, or the way someone speaks. Although it is premature to speculate on Zimmerman’s motivations, I feel this represents an extreme case of judging a book by its cover. While Martin had every right to be there, the sight of a young black man in a hoodie walking through a gated community was enough to make Zimmerman suspicious, and it turned out to be a fatal error. Although we may not have access to guns here in NTU, we all could learn a lesson about jumping to conclusions based on a person’s image.

7+( 1$1<$1*


















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obody w r ites we l l any more, or writes, for that matter. As we all grow older, we stray away from simple gratifying activities. We instead focus on seemingly “more importantâ€? issues like studying to get good grades, for example. Some of us end up participating in activities to chock up enough “pointsâ€? for a good academic record. I am no exception to this phenomenon. Ever since I entered Singapore’s rigorous education system and subsequently started becoming responsible for my own education, I have had to give up many simple joys. These were joys that I once found fulďŹ lling. One such joy is that of writing. The way I see it, writing is a form of catharsis. It allows for a release of pent-up emotions. It is the haven admid my life’s frustrations. But I don’t write to the point where it becomes an outright rant. That is only reserved for a thing called “bloggingâ€?. My personal gripe is when people call themselves writers simply because they write a personal diary. A chronological record of daily events is certainly no substitute for writing; even if you get paid to do that, it is distasteful, almost unethical. Just think about these celebrity bloggers, who gain a huge enough fanbase, and start ‘writing for a living’. X i a x ue , t he we l l-k now n Singaporean celebrity blogger, is a ďŹ ne example of this. Writing comes from the heart, sometimes a dark recess from which sludge is dug out. It could simply be an expression of the implosion you feel you cannot express outwardly. I write poetry, and the occasional prose that manages to navigate itself out of the meandering paths that exist in my head, and onto paper. When I write the verses of a poem (mostly in the middle of the night–because that’s when all the epiphanies seem to inject themselves into my weary soul), there’s an intense satisfaction.


That satisfaction lies in discovering that my intentions are clear. However, that would seem hard to decipher by a potential audience. When that happens, I would consider myself to have written a good enough poem. In Singapore, it is hard for (real) writers to make a living. Exposure is difficult, and without it, no one would realise your potential. Of course, academic pressures also play a part; they seem to seep into our lives every moment. Eventually, this impedes any sort of creative leakage from exiting the crevices of our heads. As a writer (if I may call myself one), I feel that there is a general lack of support for the writers of our generation. Much of today’s society is devoted to building up a strong developmental workforce. There is a core emphasis on economic prosperity. This is to the point where we relegate our cultural arena to the bottom of our priorities. Yes, we have journalists. But journalists sell what people want.

We writers only sell our quirky intentions and creativity, what people need: inspiration. But as far as Singapore goes, there is no market for such intentions or creativity. I recently attended a literary festival held at the School of Humanities and Social Sciences. I was treated to a bev y of works by budding writers. It was refreshing and comforting to know that there are people out there who, like me, are passionate about writing. In a society where such talents are underappreciated, it’s events like these that reignite the drive to do more, write more. Besides one-off events, there are also regular literary activities to be found in Singapore. There are public gatherings that are organised regularly. In fact, they are organised every fortnight by the Math Paper Press. This is the publishing arm of Booksactually called “Babette’s Feast�, where they spot new talent in writers. I will go to one of these meetings soon. Well, at least after I complete my assignments.

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a matter of perspective


Lemon justice


he retail industry has been abuzz the last few days over t he recent passing of the ‘lemon law’ Act in Parliament on March 9th. Industry experts and lawmakers are commending what they see as a milestone in the retail sector that is both consumerfriendly and pro-business. But the question is, does the passing of this law bode well for us and should we welcome it? The response has been positive so far, and for good reason. The new law marks the first significant progress in local retail standards. Previous laws have done little to protect consumers from crafty salesmen looking to make a quick buck from gullible folk.

I see no reason why we should repeal the lemon law and continue with unscrupulous retail practices that are left uncovered by the pre-existing Sale of Goods Act. Before the lemon law, the main bill regulating transactional standards in the retail industry had been the Sale of Goods Act. This bill had been largely ineffective in enforcing transparent, accountable practices among retailers. Avenues for compensation were only limited to returning the spoilt product and getting a refund. Benjamin Ng, 21, a first-year accounting student at the Singapore Institute of Management, recounted an unpleasant retail experience. Within a month of purchasing a HTC phone, he had discovered a black splotch on his touchscreen that proved impossible to remove. “I went to the Singtel retail store first and they told me that I had to go to HTC. When I went to HTC, they told me it wasn’t covered under the warranty although I didn’t mishandle the phone at all.” Benjamin had to fork out $150 to cover the cost of the damage. “I still don’t think I should have had to pay the money since the damage wasn’t my fault,” he remarked. Several others have experienced or witnessed similar unlawful practices. If Singapore wants to have a

first-class retail industry, then such stories should be abolished to the annals of retailing history. We should not have to tolerate such unscrupulous practices if we are to benchmark our retail industry against the same standards found in the West. This is where the lemon law comes in—to enforce proper retail standards and scrupulous practices in our country. The ingenuity of the lemon law lies in its ability to open up more avenues for consumers to receive compensation for defective products. In addition to the existing method of returning the product and asking for a refund, buyers are now privy to other choices such as requesting repairs or replacements. Granted, there may be certain ambiguities left unaddressed in this law; several lawmakers and consumers have expressed dissatisfaction with issues such as online transactions and the sale of pets. Most of these concerns however have been adequately addressed in Parliament, in a statement made by Minister of State for Trade and Industry Mr Teo Ser Luck. With the exception of certain services that are difficult to regulate such as spas and hair treatments, online transactions and pets are covered under the bill as well. Still, no bill is perfect. Even the lemon law is open to abuse from irresponsible consumers who might want to shift the blame for the damage of a product to the retailer even though the fault lies with them. Executive director of Wing Tai Retail, Ms Helen Khoo, recounts instances of customers seeking repairs or replacements for products that have become defective due to misuse or wear and tear. She recapitulated cases of customers buying winter clothing and then seeking a replacement when they return, claiming that a button has come off or the fur has shed. Such cases however, are rare and should be dealt with on a caseby-case basis. Ultimately, the benefits that the bill brings inarguably outweigh the costs. I see no reason why we should repeal the lemon law and continue with unscrupulous retail practices that are left uncovered by the pre-existing Sale of Goods Act. By display ing Singapore’s willingness to promote accountability among retailers and provide greater assurances to consumers, the introduction of the lemon law will go a long way towards branding our country as an international tourist and shopping destination.




ought something only to realize it was not up to your expectations? Perhaps there was a well-hidden scratch on that new handbag, or a zip that refuses to work properly. Come September 1st, consumers can return such defective products for a replacement or refund within six months of purchase under the newly passed lemon law.

The blanket sixmonth effective warranty period can severely affect industries selling products with short shelf lives, such as the cosmetics industry. Yet, there are flaws in this law that cannot be ignored. The blanket six-month effective warranty period can severely affect industries selling products with short shelf lives, such as the cosmetics industry.

While the new amendments will not apply if it is “incompatible with the nature of the good”, no provisions have been made to define what “incompatible” is. While perishables do not come under the law, the ambiguity concerning short-shelf-life products is a cause for concern. For instance, the shelf life of mascara is four months. Applying the lemon law to consumer products with a diversity of shelf lives is simply impractical. It is difficult to ascertain which party is responsible for product defects when the goods concerned are expected to last less than half a year. Moreover, it is questionable if enough dedicated individuals can be sourced to investigate each case. With the greater ease in seeking compensation, it is likely that the lemon law will bring about a higher number of consumer complaints. With the aforementioned ambiguity in the law, more cases will require scrutinising, and hence more manpower is needed. Rachel Tan, a 23-year-old who frequents online shops, said, “Six months sounds really long for a business to take ownership. I am worried about whether this will give rise to more grouses without actual results.” Without sufficient manpower to examine ambiguous ‘lemon’ cases, the new law may result in a greater backlog of unresolved cases.

As such, I believe the implementation of the lemon law should be postponed. Until then, certain measures could be taken by the government to protect retailers’ and consumers’ rights equally. For example, the Ministry of Trade and Industry can provide support for the small and medium enterprises to make sure retailers are able to work out agreements with their product manufacturers to maintain product quality. After all, while larger retailers have better resources and hence better standing to cope with the changes in the industry, many small retailers may find this difficult or even impossible. At the same time, retailers can also leverage on low-cost measures to reduce customer dissatisfaction and the frequency of customers demanding refunds or replacements. One of these include better pre-sales service. Ensuring customers are fully aware of the features of their purchases will minimise the number of consumer-product mismatches.

Retailers should also leverage on low-cost measures to reduce customer dissatisfaction and the frequency of customers demanding refunds or replacements. One of these include better presales service. “I try to make sure they get what they want first time around,” said Ms Susan Tan, who runs a small business selling cosmetics. “Especia l ly for cosmet ics, where returned items also present a hygiene problem, I try to go the extra mile by matching the makeup color to their skin tone for them. “These are the little services a small retailer can provide to reduce losses especially with the implementation of the lemon law,” said the 27-year-old. Much work, research and careful consideration has to be done before the lemon law may be applied successfully. A law that has not set clear definitions and standards may not necessarily be beneficial to the public.


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The price of morality HAIYANG YU


n March 8th, a new Edusave Character Award was introduced by the Ministry of Education (MOE) to its existing Edusave Scheme. The award aims to recognise students who have exemplary values and encourages character development among children. To be given out by schools and Institutes of Technical Education, this award will give commendation to students who embody values such as resilience and tenacity, integrity, care, respect and civic responsibility. Up to 10,000 students will receive it each year,

with amounts ranging from $200 to $500 each. I recognise the Government’s effort to encourage good moral behaviour. The general public also agrees that instilling values in students is crucial. In a direct letter published to the Education Minister in The Straits Times recently, Mr Koh Kheng Wah said, “Our students will be working in a complex, rapidly changing economy where rules change, principles are challenged, and keen competition can drive some businesses to act unethically.” However, I believe that in order to preserve the values of strong moral character and to let the students better understand the

louder than words


purpose of character building, this new policy should be reconsidered by the government. This policy is principally wrong in the first place. “It’s misaligned when you use money to promote good moral character,” said Chan Cun Bin, a second-year student from the School of Electrical and Electronic Engineering. “All moral acts and decisions should not be motivated by monetary incentives. It would be counter-productive,” he added. Indeed, character development, altruism and charity should not have a price tag on them. These moral values are internalised by people when they recognise the worth of these values inherently, rather than take them up due to the allure of external incentives, like monetary rewards.

“Values are internalised by people when they recognise the worth of these values inherently, rather than take them up due to the allure of external incentives like monetary rewards.” For example, a student should donate to charity with the aim of bettering the lives of disadvantaged people. Similarly, a pupil develops tenacity since it could help him or her overcome challenges and setbacks. The government should adhere to such a principle in its policymaking, as it best preserves the spirit of altruism, — where citizens do good purely for the sake of doing good. However, by ushering in this new policy, the government is essentially luring people to contribute to charity work, even when sometimes they do not feel like doing so. This would also shake the faith of students who have seriously dedicated themselves to such causes. When they receive the awards, they might question themselves, “Am I doing this for the money?” That is why there are many non-profit organisations dedicated to humanitarian causes. Consequently, such community services are done by “volunteers”, rather than employees who receive pay checks. Therefore, when the government places a price on moral character, it may potentially cheapen its value.


There is also little need to provide such additional recognition of the selected students’ exemplary moral character. Many of these students have gained leadership positions thanks to qualities that they demonstrate such as resilience, tenacity, or civic responsibility. Besides the fact that this policy is principally wrong, there are practical concerns as well. Character development would come most ideally when the students themselves understand what is right and wrong. By developing such an independent sense of morality, the students would succeed in making moral decisions in the long run. Under this policy, the students would tend to stop questioning “How would this activity help me become a better person?” They might instead focus more on a question like, “How many extra hours should I spend on community service each week to receive an additional 200 dollars?” Such utilitarian calculation would overshadow the moral values within the acts that are essentially supposed to develop their moral character. At the end of the day, the students would only be moral for the sake of money. This new policy would also cause many problems on a societal level. It is stated that “the Edusave

Character Award will recognise a small number of students in each school who are exemplary in character, and who can inspire others as role models.” It is safe to say that the pioneer batch of the awardees become “exemplary” largely based on this understanding.

“Such utilitarian calculation would overshadow the moral values within the acts that are supposed to develop their moral characters.” But when the government starts to associate monetary incentives with exemplary characters, society may start to question the motives of the following batches. Such suspicion would breed cynicism and distrust, cancelling out all progress in promoting moral values. Using monetary incentives to lure people to build up their moral character is not a long-term solution, as it is necessary to bring up future generations who should be able to internalise these moral values themselves.

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The fight online K LI ZHUO DA

ony 2012, the controversial 30 minute campaign video pushing for the arrest of Ugandan guerrilla leader Joseph Kony, has gone viral. Having gained the support of celebrities like Rihanna and Justin Bieber, the video raised 70 million views in just a week. According to The Guardian, Invisible Children (the group that made the video) raised $6.3 million in just 48 hours after uploading the video, which made an explicit call for contributions. The power of social media was witnessed here. However, despite its immediate impact, do these viral videos really facilitate change in the long term? Magnifying the flaws of the video, it is easy to denounce it as just media hype. However, amid accusations that Kony 2012 oversimplified the story by presenting a single villain, I feel that it is imperative to recognise that Kony 2012 has brought about a net positive. Firstly, viral videos have strength in numbers, which means a bigger potential for change. Undeniably, it helps to inform millions who were ignorant. This propels the uninformed to gain knowledge, planting the seed for further actions, albeit manifested in various forms.

Despite its immediate impact, do these viral videos really facilitate change in the long term? It can be just looking at the video and doing nothing about it. But it can be volunteering for Invisible Children too. Even for many apathetic citizens, the simple act of sharing the video brings it to the attention of their communities. This paves the way for more engagement. Strength in numbers subsequently translates into significant involvement. This has influenced politicians and raised large amounts of money, both crucial for achieving long term change. In retrospect, we have seen cases of genuine change in Egypt for example. The marginalised took ownership of their own liberty through social media. Although the pressure on President Mubarak to resign ultimately came from the Egyptians themselves, the international community, being more informed through social media, gave him significant pressure. Still, Kony 2012 and other


It’s good that people become aware of the environmental problem. This can create change.

Anders Hedvall, 24, MAE Yr 4

It is not possible to get everyone actively involved as it is not directly relevant to individuals. Ng Chu Yi, 22, HSS Yr 3


similar viral videos that advocate humanitarian causes are often regarded by people as marketing ploys. They are accused of lacking factual accuracy, and these views are widely reflected in online discussion boards. As much as there is truth in such a sentiment, one should not forget that such a trend is selfcorrecting. The attention and reactions to these viral videos is precisely another area that can facilitate change. Many Africans helped to clarify misconceptions online and added dimensions to the story told by Kony 2012. Zeynep Tufekci, associate professor of sociology at University of South Carolina, Chapel Hill, shared similar sentiments on the Opinions page for the New York Times website. She stated that the multi-layered discussion brought about by this video included complexities of International Criminal Court indictments, white supremacy and non-governmental organisations’ fundraising approach to multi-national solidarity. Through these discourses, policymakers and activists relevant to the story can consider suggestions given and craft holistic solutions, leading to real change. The role of the social media in facilitating problem-solving should not be trivialised. Associate Professor Ravishankar Sharma from the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information said, “Social media is beyond an invention. “It is a product of the society’s wishes as we crave for participation in decision making processes. More than an IT invention, it

is a social invention,” he added. Kony 2012 precisely taps on this as it gives individuals a chance to take part in a decision making process. Although skewed in its approach, we must recognise its

Through these discourses, policymakers and activists can consider suggestions given and craft holistic solutions, leading to real change.

value of mass awareness and useful discourse. As the video states in the beginning, it is an experiment. However, it is an experiment with only partial success. If we are able to manipulate the variables in the future, we can hope to increase the success rate of the experiment. To do so, we could start with a more focused and sensitive raising of awareness. Institutional mechanisms for a healthy, participatory and complex discussion in the right direction are important as well. As we develop and study further about the power of social media, I am optimistic that it will be useful. I hope it will be able to bring about the positive change that the world needs in a revolutionary way.

It really boils down to people who want to take the effort, it is about seeing if anybody really cares enough.

Chong Haw Yan, 21, NBS Yr 1

It is too little a time period. The scope is just too small. Zhang Lianzhou, 22, SCE Graduate Studies

The first step to activism is awareness, so Earth Hour’s publicity may prove to be effective.

Nur Izyan, 21, SCBE Yr 2



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bpl talk

The fight to stay in Europe’s elite HUANG SHUQUN


ONE CLUB from London is set to miss out on Europe’s most prestigious competition next season, and it is increasingly looking to be Chelsea. Just below the two Manchester clubs in the league table, three London clubs are fighting it out for next season’s qualification for Europe’s most decorated competition — the Champions’ League. It has been a remarkable turnaround for Arsenal, who had languished near the foot of the league table after a disastrous start to the season, picking up only seven points from the first seven games. Instead, now they are leading fifth-placed Chelsea by eight points. Chelsea had been in woeful form themselves, which resulted in the sacking of manager Andre Villas-Boas. Interim manager Roberto di Matteo’s side seemed to have a new look about them, only to be

brought back to earth following a 2-1 loss against Manchester City and a goalless draw against fourthplaced Tottenham Hotspur. Spurs have also suffered a loss of form lately, picking up only two points from a possible 15, allowing Arsenal to overtake them in the table, despite placing a comfortable third at one stage. With Spurs manager Harr y Redknapp touted to leave the post for the England job at the end of the season, it is possible that they are finally starting to crack under pressure. Meanwhile, Chelsea still have to visit Liverpool and Arsenal, while sixth-place Newcastle are level on points, trailing only by their 13-goal difference. It has been a drastic change of fortunes for the West London club, who had clinched the league and cup double just two years ago, scoring an unprecedented 103 league goals in that season. Since then, former manager Carlo Ancelotti has left and Chelsea are now facing an uphill fight to

they said that?


LAST CHANCE: Winning the Champions’ League might just be Chelsea’s final hope.

retain their place in Europe’s elite competition next season. Should they finish fifth but win Europe’s top prize this season, they would still qualify for next season’s Champions’ League at the expense of the fourth-placed team in the league.

Even if they get past Benfica in the quarter-finals, possible meetings with powerhouses Barcelona and Real Madrid await. With Chelsea’s shaky form, both clubs are surely fancying their chances to add to Chelsea’s misery this season.

Foreign talent, local glory? XAVIER KOO SPORTS EDITOR

CRITICISED: US-born Tiffany Porter (centre) faces flak for representing the UK.

would result in the commercialisation of national sport and identity. Aside from Porter who faced disapproval for switching sides for professional advancement, there remain many other ways of exploiting and manipulating the sporting system. For one, rich countries are able to lure promising athletes f r om p o or e r c ou nt r ie s w it h various incentives such as cash or the promise of employment, and this can create an unfair imbalance in the international sporting scene. We l l - o f f c o u n t r i e s l i k e Singapore can afford to talent-


One does not expect a professional sportsman to be such a cry baby.

sports talk

THE BRITISH label her as the “Plastic Brit”. Tiffany Porter, a 100-metre hurdler, was the subject of widespread criticism after her questionable switch of allegiance from the United States to Britain for the upcoming London Olympics 2012. Born in the US to a Nigerian father and a British mother, Porter held dual citizenship in both the US and Britain. The defection could not have come at a worse time — Britain’s policy of allowing foreign athletes to represent them has taken much flak recently due to a sudden influx of foreign athletes displacing their local-born counterparts. Having failed the selection with the USA during the 2008 Beijing Olympics, many have accused the 24-year-old of jumping ship simply because she stood more chance of represent i ng Britain at the Olympics than with the US team. But Por ter’s ci rc u m sta nce raises a larger question of whether national representation should be limited to local born citizens. International sporting competitions provide an arena for athletes of different countries to participate but this can be easily abused if athletes are allowed to jump ship as they please, as this

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scout while the less fortunate will lose their best athletes. When Singapore clinched a silver medal in table tennis at the 2008 Beijing Olympics, the public did not show pride and adulation at the achievement. Instead, many were sceptical as the team consisted only of foreigners. A f te r a l l , padd le r s Wa ng Yuegu, Feng Tianwei and Li Jiawei were all China-born players who only represented Singapore after being selected through the Foreign Sports Talent Scheme. Perhaps then, the problem boils down to the desire to win that overrides everything else.

Many athletes and coaches approach international games as they do with club competitions — to seek the best results. Yet while doing so, they miss the larger picture of international sports — the honour and glory of home-grown talent. This can be seen in Singapore when the entire nation rallied behind the Cubs at the Youth Olympic Games 2010. The Singaporean boys subsequently clinched bronze in the football event. Ultimately, if a viewer wants to watch the best performance, there are always club sports where the richest club gathers the best talent from around the globe. But, what makes international competitions so interesting is that they allow countries’ best talents to compete against each other and allowing athletes to switch citizenship defeats this very purpose. As for the issue of dual-citizenship, athletes should be allowed to choose for themselves but only under regulated circumstances. For example, an athlete should only be given one chance to choose which cuntry they want to represent and should only be permitted to represent that country. Further changes should not be allowed as most athletes do not even get a chance to choose. Athletes should always play with passion, and representing their true country of birth lets them deliver just that.

Narain Karthikeyan (above) on Sebastian Vettel after the latter criticised him for the collision during the Malaysian Grand Prix.

Someone said some years ago United always get penalty kicks at Old Trafford but . . . it s only averaged about three a year, or something like that Sir Alex Ferguson after Fulham were denied a late penalty during their 1-0 defeat to at Old Trafford.

We re talking about tenths and hundredths of a second between medalling and not medalling. Any little extra thing we can do to help, why not? British swimmer Liam Tancock on his forays into ballet and kickboxing in a bid to improve his performance in the pool.

It felt like she just closed her eyes and went for everything. Tennis player Victoria Azarenka on her three-hour long match against Dominika Cibulkova.

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A whole new ball game Clearing the air

DOUBLES FINALS: Bharath Jayaram (left) and his partner Chow Chia Eu in an intense battle for the gold.

SIOW WEILIANG BESIDES the glory of winning, tennis equipment, gift vouchers and more were up for grabs at the annual NTU Tennis Novice Open 2012. There was also a lucky draw for all who showed up for the event on March 19th, spectators and participants alike. Prizes for the draw came from the event sponsors, which included the likes of $10 Starbucks gift ca rd s, ca sh vouc her s, a nd equipment like tennis bags, tennis balls, and handgrips. “It was great that we have prizes to play for this year, thanks to the sponsors,” said Dylan Mah, 23, a second-year Sport Science and Management student. Mah took on the role of business manager for the NTU tennis team, which organized the Tennis Novice Open competition. Mr. Jacob Bar nabas, sales manager of Optimus Sports and exclusive distributor of Dunlop products in Singapore, sponsored $1,300 worth of equipment and prizes for the competition. Leisure Sports, a tennis retail shop, also sponsored $380 worth of cash vouchers after Mah managed to persuade the owner to help sponsor the event. Held from March 5th over three weeks, the event ended on 19th March with the men’s doubles and singles finals. With the aim of expanding the tennis communit y on campus and introducing more people to the sport, the NTU tennis club has held beginner classes and recreational tournaments. The Novice Open is just one of them. The NTU tennis team recently opened up coaching classes for advanced players. P r e v iou s l y, on l y t h e intermediate classes were available. Kelvin Lo, 23, vice-president of the NTU tennis team, said that the competition was a platform for tennis lovers to come together to have fun and pit their skills against one another.

“We want to give these tennis players an outlet to see if they are ready to advance to the next level,” said the third-year undergraduate from the School of Mater ials Science and Engineering. Mah and his partner, Yeo Xi Wei, 24, a third-year linguistics and multilingual st udies undergraduate, won the men’s doubles finals. The execution of the event was well received by the participants. “The tournament was ver y well-organised and I thoroughly enjoyed myself,” said Assistant Professor Jitamitra Desai, 34, who teaches at the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering. He clinched first runner-up for the men’s singles. Chow Chia Eu, a third-year undergraduate from the School of Physical and Material Sciences, 23, won the men’s singles after an intense contest with Assistant Professor Desai, with a comeback win of 3-6, 6-1, 6-4. He plans to return next year to defend his title.

Too few women Last year, the Novice Open had a female singles category after 11 participants signed up. However, that was scrapped, as there were too few female participants this year. The tournament needed eight players, but eventually only five girls registered. “Publicity of the Novice Open could be an area for improvement a s not m a n y out s ide of t he tennis circle were aware of this competition,” said Danny Foo, 23, a final-year Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering student, who is also an avid tennis player and had also participated in the event on previous occasions. This year’s competition had 47 contenders for the men’s singles event and 15 pairs for the men’s doubles event respectively, an increase from last year. “With more participants this year as well as the sponsors, we faced slightly more pressure in ensuring the smooth-running of the event,” said Lo.


Despite an increase in the number of participants, scheduling of the matches resulted only in minimal delays and contingency plans were also made in light of bad weather or injuries. Fi r st aid was avai lable throughout the entire event. “The tennis team also worked c lose ly w it h t he Spor t s a nd Recreation Centre management, such as extending the timing of stadium lights for the matches,” said Lo.

“Publicity of the novice open could be an area for improvement as not many outside of the tennis circle were aware of the competition.” Danny Foo Avid tennis player

THIS is with reference to the article dated 12.03.12; Volume 18; Issue 09; titled “Surf N Sink”. We understand that reporters have their own limitations in covering events and in looking for newsworthy angles in which to provide coverage; it is certainly not an easy task to provide full coverage with the limited time, space and information the reporter has at his/her fingertips. We respect the reporter’s right to illustrate an opinion he has about an event, and to gather and sieve through information relevant to that opinion. However, our issue with the article is less with the news angle, but more towards the misrepresentation of actual words mentioned by participants and our event organisers as well as several factual errors. When we saw that our participant Eugene Tan commented about his participation in Surf N Sweat 2012 “being his worst compared to previous years”, we decided to rectify the issue by talking to him ourselves to find out how we could improve. However, he mentioned to us that he merely said “the hype was not as high as compared to previous years.” and not what was written in the article. He further added that he made an extremely balanced view explaining the various positive aspects of what made the event successful. In paragraph 16, Russell, the Chairperson, only mentioned that the marshals were “JC volunteers who were tasked with ensuring theparticipants stay on the route.” However, the writer again added and changed the context of the words stating that Russell said that “the marshals were not clear of the route..... they were only briefed with simple instructions.”. This is completely different from what was mentioned and what finally made it to the article. Additionally, though it might be difficult to be 100% accurate in verifying what the words actually mentioned and used in the article was, I would like to make the point that it does not make sense for our own event organisers to speak of the event negatively, as was the impression given in the article. Therefore, we are very sure that the words were misquoted and modified. As for the article stating that the RFID system did not work, we feel that it is not fair to the vendor or ourselves in saying that as it did work. It merely required time to generate the actual results with the backup system in place that unfortunately allowed us to release the results only the week after the event had concluded. I hope that we can continue to work with Nanyang Chronicle in future to come out with newsworthy articles that can help spur Nanyang Technological University to greater heights.


SPORTY: Assistant Professor Jitamitra Desai displaying his skills.

WE WOULD like to thank the Sports Club for its invaluable feedback, and emphasise that we value honesty, openness and integrity in our news reporting. With that, we stand by our story, and the quotes were accurate from the writer’s note-taking during the interviews. The vibrant sporting scene in NTU has been a source of pride for students, and the newspaper is keen to continue bringing the latest sporting updates on campus to our readers.


A new tennis champion – Page 35

Paddling to the


HARD WORK: Teo Wei Kok (left) and Bernard Lim putting up a good fight in the grand finals of the K2 Men’s category.

NICHOLAS QUEK FOR THE first time ever, the NTU Canoeing team had the chance to pit itself solely against the best paddlers from other tertiary institutions, and showed that they were no pushovers. The inaugural Inter-tertiary Challenge was held during the 2012 MR500 event, which took place on March 25th and 26th. It included canoeing and kayaking races. T he N T U Canoeing team participated in the category for the first time, finishing as overall first runner up, with two golds and three silvers. The event was well-received by the participants. “Right now, beyond junior col lege le ve l, t he r e i s l it t le opportunity for competition. Most e vent s on ly have Open categories that place no restrictions on the nature of the participants,” said Lim Yun Kuan, 21, the incoming vice-captain. “Having this tertiary event marks a significant step towards pr ov id i n g mor e av e nue s of competition for the sport. “It a l so a l low s for mor e interaction between canoeing teams at tertiary level,” added the first-year accountancy student.

Participants competed in the K1, K2, K4 men’s and women’s categories for kayaking. The C1 and C2 canoe races were open exclusively to male paddlers. 106 races were held over two days, with the all races covering 500m. Team captain Teo Wei Kok, 21, felt that the NTU canoeing team performed well at the competition. “It was a commendable effort by the team, although there is still room for improvement,” said the second-year student from the School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences.

“I told myself that losing was not an option. “Maybe it was an ego thing but I aimed to win despite feeling unwell,” said the 22 year-old. NTU’s Dragon Boat team also took part in the tertiary and open categories, winning several medals in the process. The NTU Dragon Boat team won the Tertiary Women’s category, Tertiary Men’s category and came


in second in the Premier Mixed and Premier Open categories. Presently, the MR500 race is the only chance for canoeing and kayaking sprint races among tertiary institutions. The annual Singapore Canoe Marathon is also the only avenue for canoeing marathon racing. But there have been increased efforts to promote canoeing as a sport in recent years.

The 19th International Canoe Federation (ICF) Canoe Marathon World Championships last October was also held at t he Mar ina Reservoir, the first time the event was hosted in Asia. The national canoeing team also brought the sport into the limelight with their 10-medal haul at the 2011 South-East Asain Games, including Singapore’s first two gold medals at the Games.

Quite a feat NTU quartet Lum Tze Tian, Teo Wei Kok, Bernard Lim and Theng De Sheng struck gold in the K4 Kayak race, which pitted the four best paddlers from each institution against each other. They pipped the favourites, NUS, to the title. “To come away with that win against NUS is quite a feat. “It was the last event of the day, and we ended it on a high,” added Teo. The team’s other gold came from Lim (Yun Kuan) who despite having a fever, overcame the odds to finish first in the C1 Tertiary Men Grand Final.

CHAMPIONS: The NTU Dragon Boat team won both tertiary and open category events in the race.

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