New Media Village opens in NTU with 3D immersive experiences and cutting edge simulation.
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ALUMNI SHINE AT ANNUAL AWARDS
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News Bites NTU NTU SOLAR CAR BEATS ESTABLISHED TEAMS IN RACE
NTU, INDUSTRY AND RESEARCH PARTNE RS COOPE R ATE IN OCEAN ENERGY RESEARCH
An NTU-developed solar car beat more established teams like that from MIT and Cambridge when it travelled more than 2,000 km over six days in a solar racing competition, which started on October 16th and was held in Australia. The Nanyang Venture 5, developed by an 11-strong team, came in 14th at the Veolia World Solar Challenge.
NTU is collaborating with industry players and world-renowned research partners on a multidisciplinary venture, the Joint Industry Programme in Offshore Renewables. This collaboration aims to develop efﬁcient and effective wind and marine power generation systems. The programme will have over twenty-ﬁve projects over the next three years, such as offshore wind turbines and other sea-based power generation research.
NTU INNOVATION CLINCHES “BEST OF SHOW” AT TECHVENTURE INNOVATION AWARDS
NB S’ MBA PROGR AMME RANKED SINGAPORE’S TOP FOR 8TH YEAR
Led by Dr Tan Ee Leng and Assoc Prof Gan Woon-Seng from the School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, their innovation, Immersive Soundscape took the “Best of Show” (Blue Ribbon Award) at the TechVenture Innovation Awards 2011. The innovation demonstrated the ability to reproduce 3D sound effects from conventional sound inputs with applications in the media and gaming industry.
NTU’s Nanyang Business School has maintained its 69th position in The Economist magazine’s global rankings of MBA programmes, and is ranked third in Asia. Strong ratings for education experience and increasing new career opportunities have helped NBS maintain its position. NBS admits about 80 full-time MBA students and about 40 part-time students annually.
NTU, A*STAR RESEARCHERS DEVELOP HIGHLY EFFICIENT AND CHEAP SILICON SOLAR CELLS The new thin-film silicon solar cells are made from cheaper, lowgrade silicon and yet are able to generate electricity currents comparable to costly, high-quality silicon solar cells. Developed by NTU and A*STAR Institute of Microelectronics (IME), the new cells were created using nanostructure technology. With this development, the researchers hope to halve the costs of solar energy.
CHILDCARE CENTRES INTRODUCE SUPPORT STAFF APPOINTMENTS The Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports (MCYS) announced that childcare centres can now hire “para-educators” and “para-educarers” to aid childcare teachers in the development of children. This change will take effect from January 1st next year. In a statement released by MCYS, these new appointments will help teachers to “provide greater instructional attention for children who require additional support”. SLOWING EMPLOYMENT GROWTH
TRANSFORMERS THEME PARK RIDE TO OPEN AT USS
MIXED REACTIONS OVER DISPLAY OF GADDAFI’S BODY
The world’s ﬁrst theme park ride based on the sci-ﬁ franchise Transformers will open its doors to the public at Universal Studios Singapore, on December 3rd 2011. The ride will feature 12 scenes, 3D digital media, blending sets and special effects. Michael Bay—director of the movies—will celebrate the ride’s world premiere at an exclusive party on December 2nd.
As the public display of Gaddaﬁ’s body ended, and more details of his last moments alive were revealed through the gruesome video recorded by one of the rebels who captured him, there were mixed reactions about what the brutal treatment of the deposed dictator might mean for Libya’s future. Rights groups called Gaddaﬁ’s death a potential war crime. Arab journalists and bloggers noted that GaDuffy’s end was similar to the fate suffered by Benito Mussolini and Nicolae Ceausescu, two notorious European dictators.
WORLD NEW CURBS ON ENTERTAINMENT IN CHINA
The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) announced that employment growth is expected to slow down later this year, as the economy cools. MAS stated that job cuts have already been noted in the ﬁnancial and trade-related sector. This is related to the weakening global growth. Unemployment rate in Singapore rose from 1.9 per cent in the previous quarter, to 2.1 per cent in three months ending June 2011.
China has been known for political censorship, but for years the Communist Party has tolerated a creeping liberalisation in popular culture. Chinese leaders proposed new limits on media and Internet freedoms that include some of the most restrictive measures in years. Major television stations were ordered to broadcast two hours of state approved news every evening and to disregard audience ratings in programming decisions. These measures will go into effect on Jan 1st 2012.
CALLS TO REVISE MEDISAVE
5TH BODY FOUND AT BEDOK RESERVOIR
2 WEEK OLD BABY RESCUED FROM TURKEY’S QUAKE
At a debate in Parliament, Dr Lam Pin Min, head of the Government Parliamentary Committee for Health, said that Medisave spending should be expanded to cover more outpatient treatments, especially for chronic illnesses. Health industry experts and MPs suggested that the usage of funds be revised yearly to match rising costs in Singapore.
The series of ghastly deaths at Bedok Reservoir have been a cause for concern for many Singaporeans on whether they could be due in part to the inﬂux of immigrants and the detrimental effects of the two casinos. The recent deaths have also sparked discussions over the possible effects on property prices in the vicinity and future developments in the area.
A two-week old baby was pulled out from the wreckage of a building 47 hours after a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey. The baby’s mother and grandmother are reportedly still trapped inside the crumbled building, but are believed to be still alive. The ofﬁcial death toll has been put at 366, with about 1,301 injured in the quake.
CROCODILES BREAK FREE IN THAI FLOOD Floodwaters in Bangkok have resulted in crocodiles that have broken loose, menacing the local population. Authorities have warned that crocodiles are swimming through rising ﬂoodwaters around the outskirts of Bangkok. Reports state at least 100 broke free last week in Ayutthaya province, north of the capital. Authorities have offered case rewards of 1,000 baht (S$40) for each crocodile caught alive. COMPUTERS IN JAPAN’S PARLIAMENT INFECTED WITH VIRUS In the latest series of mysterious cyber attacks that have raised concerns about leakage of sensitive information. Media reports said that one of three lawmakers accidentally released the virus. This comes a month after Japanese defence contractors revealed that they had also been targets of cyber attacks, which may have been aimed at classiﬁed military data. No known classiﬁed information has been stolen.
Upcoming Events NTU CAC IMPRESARIO NTU CAC Impresario 2012: Nationwide Talent Search Competition Categories: Vocal Solo, Duet/ Group, Original Composition, Dance Register online now at www. cacimpresario.com! Registration Closes on December 4th 2011. Vocal Auditions in Dec 2011. Dance Audition in Jan 2012. For further enquiry, email email@example.com, call Dorothy at 9668 2935 or Dawn at 9199 0143
If you have any exciting events to publicise, please contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org
Interview with the Vice President – Page 5
Outstanding alumni awarded
HAPPY HOMECOMING: WP Secretary General Low Thia Khiang (centre) was inspired by his NTU education to go into politics. PHOTO | WAN ZHONG HAO
1* -81 )(1* =+28 6+, <$ SINGER Stefanie Sun, and Members of Parliament (MP) Teo Ser Luck and Low Thia Khiang shared the stage with other industry leaders, all NTU alumni, at the Nanyang Auditorium to receive the Nanyang Alumni Awards on October 15th.
A total of 34 alumni, the biggest number since the award started in 2005, were awarded for either excelling in their ﬁelds, or for their contributions to the university or society. The Awards has four categories: the Nanyang Distinguished Alumni Award, Nanyang Alumni Achievement Award, Nanyang Outstanding
Young Alumni Award and Nanyang Alumni Service Award. Education Minister Heng Swee Keat, the guest-of-honor, attributed the success of NTU to the strong examples set by earlier alumni members, so that future graduates will follow in their footsteps. “In a world of constantly evolving changes, our graduates
must be nimble and adaptable,” he said. They must not only have the conﬁdence and ability to succeed, but must also be deeply rooted to Singapore, so that they can take Singapore forward.” Ms Sun, Mr Low and Mr Teo, who were all awarded the Nanyang Alumni Achievement Award with four others, expressed attachment to their alma mater. “I feel very honored (to receive the award) and also hope to work together (with the university) in the future to promote NTU,” said Ms Sun, who graduated in 2000 from the Nanyang Business School. Ms Sun was awarded for her achievements in the entertainment industry, both locally and internationally. About 100 fans at the ceremony cheered and chanted her name as she took to the stage to receive her award. Some even managed to get her autograph during the reception. “I feel that education helps you to mature in your thinking and helps you to see things in a different light,” Ms Sun said. Mr Low, Secretary General of the Workers Party, agreed with Ms Sun. Mr Low, who graduated in 1980 with an Arts degree, was awarded for his role of providing an alternative voice for the
people in Singapore’s political scene. According to him, his education sparked off his political thinking, which shaped his ideals of democracy. “I was particularly inspired by a lecturer who had a deep knowledge of political systems and I listened intently to his lectures. He taught me how to look at politics in a different light,” he added. Mr Teo, Minister of State of Trade and Industry, said that his education at Nanyang Business School helped in his current line of work as it developed his understanding of business and economics. “What it teaches you is to understand how to see an issue and come up with the solution. Issue changes everyday and what NTU teaches you is how to solve those problems,” he said. “That is the biggest advantage.” It was the second time Mr Teo was present at the Nanyang Alumni Awards, having received the Nanyang Outstanding Young Alumni Award last year. At the ceremony, NTU president Professor Bertil Andersson also revealed that eight in 10 students from the class of 2011 made a graduation gift to NTU, which he said is a sign of the growing sense of identiﬁcation among younger alumni with NTU.
Everest Mountaineer: redeﬁne the impossible 0$/&2/0 .2+ WHEN NTU Alumna Lee Peh Gee and her ﬁve women friends declared their goal of climbing Mount Everest, they were laughed at. But, that only made them more determined. “People laugh in disbelief when they cannot comprehend something so impossible,” said Singapore Armed Forces Major (MAJ) Lee Peh Gee, who was part of the Singapore Women’s Everest Team. She eventually stood on the 8,850m summit on May 22, 2009. “When you ﬁnally go and do it, you have redeﬁned what they previously thought was possible or impossible,” the 35-year-old told a packed audience of students at the Nanyang Auditorium on October 12th. The seminar was the highlight of eFEST 2011 with the theme of ‘Learning is Everywhere’. The annual event, running in its fourth year, aims to promote the use of e-Learning tools and resources among NTU students. MAJ Lee said that learning does
not only come from books, but also from various life experiences. “I want to let others know that it is possible to pursue a dream,” she said. One important step to take is to step out of comfort zones, even when the outside world seems scary and dangerous, said MAJ Lee. During the expedition, she would wake up in her tent to hear it ﬂapping violently at times. After all, Mount Everest is known for its notorious wind speeds of up to 100 kilometers per hour and the temperature could dip as low as negative 40 degree celsius. “The storm always seemed worse from inside the tents,” said MAJ Lee. “But the storm outside may be nothing more than the regular winds we normally encounter.” “The moment you get out, you are just one step closer to your goal,” she said. The climb to Mt Everest’s peak from their base camp took the team about four days, and preparation for their climb took ﬁve years, where the team did stair-
case training at 30-storey HDB ﬂats. MAJ Lee revealed that in t he road up to their expedition, all of them had to double up as marketers, fundraisers, public relation managers and public speakers so as to raise funds for their cause. She said that her education in NTU helped her in that aspect. “It was similar to the time when I was a hospitality and tourism management undergraduate balancing my eight months practicum and studies," she said. "I managed to do a hotel project and my own ﬁnal year project then." MAJ Lee’s speech inspired Joel Gan, a third-year Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) student, in pursuing his dreams of achieving a “big feat” like that someday. Also, he felt that MAJ Lee’s experiences could be applied to his goal of setting up a business. “There will be multiple problems along the way, so the best thing is to never give up and always keep trying,” he said. Daniella Ng, a former national
PURSUE YOUR DREAMS: MAJ Lee Peh Gee, speaking at a seminar for eFEST 2011, urged students PHOTO | MALCOLM KOH to conquer their own Mount Everest.
sailor also found the determination of the team particularly inspiring. “It motivates me to set out some goals for myself to attain during my four years here,” said the ﬁrst-year student from Sports Science and Management. For Ashekan Hosseinloo, the most memorable part of the semi-
nar was when MAJ Lee challenged the audience to overcome their own Mount Everest. “It was a physical thing for them, but could be other things for us as well,” said the graduate student currently pursuing a masters in MAE. Everyone has an Everest.”
Students react to climate change (QYLURQPHQWDOO\ IULHQGO\ FRPSHWLWLRQV DWWUDFW PRUH VWXGHQW SDUWLFLSDWLRQ
GREEN CONSCIENCE: Jeremy Lim (back row, right), his team members and mentor after presenting their project at the National Climate Change Competition. PHOTO | COURTESY OF TONG SIAN CHOO
75,1+ +2$1* /< A SAIL boat trip and a water bucket three years ago taught undergraduate Jeremy Lim the value of water conservation. Lim survived for 14 days with only half a bucket of water a day to bathe with. The experience taught the 22-year-old that it is possible to live on much less resources than he was used to. “I realised that when I had the options presented by the comfort of modern life, I did not choose to save. Since then I have become uneasy about wasting resources,” said the third-year student from Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information. During the last semester break, Lim collaborated with three other NTU undergraduates to create the ‘Green Seed Initiative’ to encourage Singaporeans to conserve energy and water consumption. The project won ﬁrst prize in the National Climate Change Competition Lim is one of many NTU students who have become more involved in green initiatives.
The environmental club also reported collecting a record amount of recyclables at the end of the last academic year during its annual recycling drive. It collected 2,670kg of paper from 16 recycling bins across campus as opposed to 800kg the year before and just 420kg in 2009. According to them, the spike in collection shows that more students now know that their belongings can be recycled, instead of simply being thrown away. While some chose to do their part via Earthlink NTU, others chose to take up initiatives more in their areas of expertise. Another student who joined an eco competition is Nelson Tan Yan Cong, 20. The ﬁrst-year student from the School of Art, Design and Media was among the 12 ﬁnalists in the National Environment Agency Eco Music Challenge 2011. For him, raising awareness on being environmentally friendly is a form of eco-friendliness in itself. “Caring for the environment is everyone’s responsibility and we can all use different means to
do our part. For those who are musically inclined, why not do their part by doing what they do best with music,” he said. He composed a Chinese song titled “Green Environment” to raise awareness about climate change and the importance of the environment. In another initiative, a team of eight NTU students showed their care for the environment by designing and building a fuel-efﬁcient car named Nanyang Venture IV. It not only won the top prize in the diesel fuel category at this year’s Shell Eco Marathon Asia but also won the Off-Track Award for Safety. Team member Kuganeshan Ganesamoorthy, a third-year student from the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, said: “Until people completely accept alternative energy sources, fossil fuel will be used extensively.”
“Caring for the environment is everyone’s responsiblity." Nelson Tan Yan Cong First-year student School of Art, Design & Media
He added that it is important to ensure fuel efﬁciency in cars so that we can reduce our carbon footprint. Vice-president of Earthlink NTU, Nandita Beri, 19, said the increase in student participation is simply a result of increasingly visible consequences of climate change such as change in weather patterns, shortage of water and food in many countries. The third-year student from the School of Chemical and Biomedical Sciences said: “Not only is climate change and the environment a pressing global issue, it’s become an individual concern.”
“When I had the options presented by the comfort of modern life, I did not choose to save." Jeremy Lim Third-year student Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information
Earthlink NTU has reported an increased participation in its initiatives this academic year. Its membership increased by 30 per cent this year alone.
TEST DRIVE: NTU students won the top prize at this year’s Shell Eco-Marathon Asia with their fuel-efﬁcient car. PHOTO | COURTESY OF NTU VENTURE IV TEAM
A meeting of minds
FREE IDEAS: Entrepreneur Wong Meng Weng intriguing students with an iPhone PHOTO | NG JUN SEN application demonstration.
1* -81 6(1 STEVE Jobs may have passed on, but the legacy of his foresight and creativity lived on through some 400 participants at a seminar organized by NTU graduates on October 15th. Named TEDxNTU, the seminar held at the Marina Bay Sands Expo and Convention Centre was the largest one so far. TED, a non-proﬁt organisation that hosts idea-sharing conferences, stands for ‘Technology, Entertainment, Design’. But it has since broadened its scope to include talks by accomplished thinkers such as local entrepreneurs, academics and researchers. It boasts people like James Randi and Steve Jobs as its honorary alumni. Vivek Manoharan, 23, assembled his team of graduates to host the seminar after being inspired by watching the riveting TED videos on YouTube. Despite bearing the name of the seminar, ofﬁcial TED organisers played no role in organising the event. Instead, it was Manoharan and his team who brought the seminar to fruition, with the help of funding from NTU’s Student Affairs Ofﬁce. “TED is all about people coming together, sharing ideas,” said Manoharan, who is currently pursuing a PhD in biomechanics. The speakers were selected based on their remarkable achievements and their ability to inspire others. One of them was entrepreneur Wong Meng Weng, who demonstrated an iPhone application, which could teach users how to order the different permutations of “kopitiam-styled” coffee. Wong is the founder of several technological companies, such as pobox.com,
and organised the TEDxSentosa event in 2009. Other speakers spoke on pursuing ideas, and shared insider tips on how to reach career or personal goals. “This session was about how to dream and succeed. It is for people with ideas, and how if they have the right method, they can make it work,” said Manoharan. Although many in the audience felt inspired after attending the event, some saw room for improvement. Elvin Zhang, a second-year student from Nanyang Business School, said that the session had given him a lot of good ideas. But the 22-year-old felt that the speakers could have been more energetic, as the seven hour long seminar could wear some listeners out. Others, like School of Computer Engineering undergraduate Arun Puraiswamy, 22, felt that while the event was not on the same level as global TED events, there was still value to such seminars as they are important to the places where the TED conferences do not ofﬁcially visit. “The talk could be made speciﬁc to the younger generation, such as NTU students,” he said. On hearing such feedback, Manoharan admitted that TEDxNTU is still at its starting stage. “We’re still growing, and the main TED event also started off like this.” He intends to make it a biannual event, and promised “an enhanced experience” in the future, which he said would depend on future selected speakers. But the essential message of TEDxNTU will still be unchanged. “Have an idea. Life is all about ideas, good ideas, bad ideas, doesn’t matter. Just follow it,” he said.
GOING GLOBAL: Professor Er Meng Hwa ensures students are prepared for the international stage through partnerships with external institutions.
Go international, stay competitive 178 V 9LFH 3UHVLGHQW LQ FKDUJH RI ,QWHUQDWLRQDO $IIDLUV ZDQWV VWXGHQWV WR EH JOREDO FLWL]HQV Q: What does your position as Vice President in charge of International Affairs entail? A: As Vice President for International Affairs, I work closely with the senior management team to shape and carry out NTU’s international agenda of ensuring that our students are well prepared for life and careers that will increasingly have an international dimension, and to enable the university to effectively compete on the world stage for the best students and faculty. As ideas and knowledge in every ﬁeld become international, being at the cutting edge of higher education and research requires a strong dialogue with our peer institutions in other countries. This means that NTU needs to enhance our reputation as a choice partner with top international universities and organisations. This is another important part of my job. Our partnerships range from strategic education and research collaborations, to joint undergraduate and graduate degrees, and international undergraduate and graduate student exchanges. Q: How can NTU students prepare themselves to be global talents? A: The world is increasingly becoming more connected and interdependent. To succeed in the working world in the future, NTU students need to have a cosmopoli-
tan mindset and they must be prepared to meet the challenges of working with people of different nationalities and expertise. This requires our students to cultivate their cultural intelligence and gain the right skills and global exposure, so that they can effectively engage and work with teams anywhere in the world. Currently, one in two students, or 50 per cent of the graduating cohort, participate in various programmes to grow their global exposure and competence. NTU’s new Ofﬁce of Global Education and Mobility aims to raise this participation rate to 70 per cent, so that more students can gain from a global educational experience even though they are studying in Singapore. Q: Apart from an afﬁliation with China by setting up a campus there, how else is NTU being internationalised? A: We are developing more opportunities for our students to study and immerse themselves in various overseas environments. We are continuing to attract top international students. Every year, we bring in more than 1,000 international students from our partner universities to spend a semester on our campus. This cultural exchange is an important part of internationalisation. NTU is also stepping up our efforts to seek and enhance collaborative agreements with the best universities around the world. We have established joint graduate and PhD programmes with renowned universities, like
Imperial College London and the Technical University of Munich. NTU is also an active player in GlobalTech, the network of the world’s top technological universities chaired by NTU President Prof Bertil Andersson. We are also expanding our involvement in China and India, as well as other regional networks and alliances. Our overseas alumni are a valuable resource in these efforts, and I look forward to cultivating deeper ties with them. NTU has established more than 30 international alumni chapters to network with our alumni and potential partners.
“We are developing more opportunities for our students to study and immerse themselves in various overseas environments." We have also been offering international executive programmes to professionals and senior ofﬁcials from the region to be trained on NTU’s campus. Q: How are international industrial partners encouraged to set up research facilities in NTU? And how will this beneﬁt students? A: NTU has established a number of joint labs with our strategic international industrial partners on campus such as BOSCH and THALES. NTU is also Rolls-
PHOTO | COURTESY OF CORPORATE COMMUNICATIONS OFFICE
Royce’s University Technology Centre. Through these joint collaborations, our industrial partners are able to tap on NTU’s expertise in the form of our talented faculty and students and our world-class facilities. At the same time, our students and faculty beneﬁt from the opportunity to work with leading private sector researchers on complex and challenging reallife systems. By working together on projects, they are also able to access the latest state-of-the art technology and better understand emerging trends. Q: Which international ﬁgure do you look up to and why? A: Our former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Under his visionary leadership, he has transformed Singapore from a third world country to ﬁrst world status in just one generation. Singapore’s development and transformation as a nation is a miracle to many people around the world and has drawn admiration from many state leaders. I come from a humble background and my late father was a hawker. I owe my success largely to Singapore’s system. Q: Which aspects of international affairs would you like to highlight during your tenure as Vice President in charge of International Affairs? A: I intend to work with our colleagues in the colleges and schools to provide more global educational programmes and opportunities for our students. I also aim to achieve the new target of 70 per cent participation rate during my tenure. At the same time, I will be working closely with President, Provost and other senior colleagues to help raise NTU’s international proﬁle and reputation through various alliances and networks. This would also help raise NTU’s visibility and improve NTU’s global rankings. Q: How relevant is geographical
borders in your opinion? A: Geographical borders are still relevant in the modern world for countries to protect their sovereignty. However, the changing global environment in the ﬁelds of communication and information, trade and ﬁnance, politics and security, and science and technology has created new opportunities and challenges. In the globalised economy, top talents whose skills, experience and expertise transcend borders will be highly sought after by employers in many countries.
“I come from a humble background and my late father was a hawker. I owe my success to a large part to Singapore's system." Q: Which is your favourite canteen in NTU? A: I like to take Subway and Japanese food for lunch when I am on campus. Q: What do you do in your free time? A: I like to read, especially books on leadership and management, I Ching, and Human Brain Research. I am also a keen golfer and a Chinese classical song crooner. I practice my golf swing at the driving range 3 to 5 times a week as a form of exercise and relaxation. I have developed a technique called “PID” which stands for “Posture, Inertia and Dynamics” for my golf swing which has proven good enough to win the 3rd position in NTU’s President Golf Challenge 2009. I sing occasionally. I won the championship in NTU’s Talentime in 1989.
Try clothes on your virtual "self"
DOWN THE RUNWAY: Models like these may become obsolete with the interactive digital technologies. PHOTO | WAN ZHONG HAO
=+28 6+, <$ THE next time you shop for clothes online, you may no longer have to worry whether your purchase ďŹ ts you. Instead, you will be able to see how the clothes ďŹ t on your virtual â&#x20AC;&#x153;bodyâ&#x20AC;? from your computer screen, before making a decision. This is possible with a new invention, due to be launched in four to six months' for online shops. Called the Virtual Fashion &
Clothes Simulation technology, it was one of many interactive digital media inventions showcased in NTUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s New Media Village at the Institute of Media Innovation (IMI) on October 12th and 13th. These inventions were the result of a collaboration among the different disciplines in NTU such as computer engineering, mechanical engineering and psychology. The Virtual Fashion & Clothes Simulation technology was de-
veloped by Professor Nadia Thalmann, the director of IMI. All you have to do is key in your body size into any website which has the technology embedded, and you will see a virtual â&#x20AC;&#x153;youâ&#x20AC;? strutting around, clad in the apparel of your choice. Professor Thalmann said that this technology will help customers avoid the disappointment of purchasing ill-ďŹ tting clothes from online retailers in the future. â&#x20AC;&#x153;While the application is still in its prototype phase, its real value lies in bringing such a 3-D virtual environment directly into the design industryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s production process, helping to shorten design cycle times and cut physical sample costs,â&#x20AC;? she added. Designers would also beneďŹ t from the technology, as they will be able to try their designs on the virtual models. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This will revolutionise the fashion industry as it would help designers save on materials and money, reduce time spent on marketing, and cut the industryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s carbon footprint, making for a more sustainable planet,â&#x20AC;? said Professor Thalmann. Other highlights unveiled at IMI included the 3-D Immersive
Room, MAVEN (Mobile Avatar for Virtual Engagement by NTU) and the Crowd Simulator. MAVEN is a remote-controlled device on wheels, with Internet and mobile video conferencing capabilities. It is different from normal video conferencing devices as it provides a 180-degree view of the surroundings of the person you are speaking to through its three overhead cameras. Visitors can also fully immerse themselves in a virtual world with the Immersive Room. Measuring 10m by 10m, the room features a curved projection screen wall that stretches almost 360 degrees all around. The Immersive Room is equipped with infrared emitters, high-end projectors, stereoscopic lightweight 3-D glasses, position trackers and computer graphics. It has been used in applications such as the Pink Dolphin Simulation, a joint effort between IMI researchers and the Underwater World Singapore. The simulation aims to help autistic children improve their communication and learning skills through interaction with virtual dolphins, as research has shown that they respond and in-
teract well with dolphins. Using Kinect technology, the same used in Xbox consoles, the dolphins in the simulation move according to a userâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hand movements. Dr Noel Chia, Assistant Professor with the Early Childhood & Special Needs Education Academic Group, explained that this simulation could potentially be a cost-effective tool to improve interaction skills in autistic children, given the high costs of conducting Dolphin Assisted Therapy with live dolphins. On display was also the Crowd Simulator, which helps to predict human behavior during emergency evacuations by allowing the user to control a virtual avatar using hand gestures and guide other virtual characters in the direction he wants them to follow. Professor Thalmann believes that the multi-disciplinary collaborations have played a signiďŹ cant role in contributing to IMIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s research discoveries. She said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is a multi-disciplinary initiation with professors and students from different schools, linking arts and hard science. This is a new image for NTU now.â&#x20AC;?
Expand your horizons with a Maritime career
GLOBETROTTER: Francis Lau has travelled to far off countries such as Denmark on business trips. PHOTO | TAN WEI ZHENG
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Take your tastebuds global 1RW RQO\ GR WKH\ LQWURGXFH LQWHUQDWLRQDO Ă DYRXUV WR RXU FDQWHHQV WKHVH VWDOOKROGHUV FRRNLQJ WHFKQLTXHV KDYH WUDYHOOHG D ORQJ ZD\ WR 6LQJDSRUH <HRQJ .DU <DQ VSRNH WR WKUHH VXFK 178 VWDOOKROGHUV EL-HASSAN~TASTE OF MOROCCO
(CANTEEN 11) WATCHING Mr Nasir Bin Ali chatter with his customers, you can hardly tell he only took over the business four months ago. His passion for his stall is expressed through his regular prompts for feedback from his customers to ensure that their expectations are met. â&#x20AC;&#x153;First and foremost, I [enjoy] meeting people. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really regard [students] as my customers, I regard them as my friends,â&#x20AC;? said Mr Nasir. Though born in Singapore, Mr Nasir remains conďŹ dent about the authenticity and taste of his food. He picked up the trade from his Moroccan uncle who taught him how to make the stallâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature kebab. This stall is hard to miss with Quâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ran prayers playing in the background and the aroma of kebab wafting from it during busy hours. While many may know it as the western stall, it is not the typical stall selling your usual chicken chop and spaghetti. A closer look will ďŹ nd a menu peppered with varied Middle Eastern or Moroccan inďŹ&#x201A;uences. The stall is in fact, an extension of his family business, ElHassan ~Taste of Morocco, a F&B business partly owned by his Moroccan uncle. Mr Nasir believes that the skills his uncle imparted to him have allowed him to prepare high quality Moroccan food which could rival that of a native cook.
He revealed that Arab students regularly buy his Kebab, which he says is a sign of its authentic taste. The 38-year-old stallholder picked up his passion for cooking from helping his mother in the kitchen when he was young.
â&#x20AC;&#x153;I don't really regard students as my customers, I regard them as my friends." Mr Nasir Bin Ali Stallholder El-Hassan ~ Taste of Morocco
â&#x20AC;&#x153;Initially, I was not interested at all but I ended up in the kitchen with my mother and had to help her. In the process, I learnt a bit about cooking, and [my interest] grew and developed,â&#x20AC;? he said. His current job is a completely different scope of work from his previous job as a safety engineer at Exxon Mobil. Asked if he likes the job switch, he said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m passionate about cooking, I love food and I think the hall 10 and 11 students are very lucky people. They have a lot of good food here.â&#x20AC;? MANNA KOREAN CUISINE (CANTEEN 13) AFTER a six-year work attachment as a branch manager for Hyundai in Singapore, Mr David
Sin decided to make a permanent shift here in 1999 and dived into the food business for his familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sake. â&#x20AC;&#x153;My family wanted to stayâ&#x20AC;Ś because if we return to Korea then maybe the education system will be different. I wanted to allow my children to continue studying in Singapore so I resigned,â&#x20AC;? said the 56-year-old. He opened his stall in the revamped Canteen 13 in July 2006, at the suggesiton of the canteen owner who had heard of Mr Sin's restuarant business, to attract Korean food-lovers. The food stall was hailed as a must-try by Felicia Chin and Dasmond Koh, hosts of Channel U food programme, Campus Yummy Hunt. The native Korean is also the owner of Manna Korean Restaurant and his Korean food can also be found at Telok Ayer Street and Takashimaya Food Village. Many of Mr Sinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ingredients such as his special sauce are imported from Korea to preserve authenticity. Some of the food is also prepared at the restaurant by their Korean chef before being sent to NTU. Despite the cost, Mr Sin continues to keep his food affordable at the canteen outlet; prices are half or a quarter of their usual rates. $3.80 can get you a piping hot bowl of their popular bibimbap and soup. He said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our workers give big portions [and] the price is low but quality is not compromised. So pretty much everyone can enjoy Korean food.â&#x20AC;? SPECIAL XI'AN NOODLES (CANTEEN 9)
SAY KIMCHI: Mr David Sin outside Manna Korean Restaurant, one of the chain of stalls he owns selling authentic Korean food. PHOTOS | GOH CHAY TENG
her family of six, and the stall is kept open for business everyday except for the three days of Chinese New Year. Her husband often comes by to help her at the stall. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not an easy job. Usually we wake up at 5, 6am or sometimes, even 3 or 4am just to prepare food.â&#x20AC;? The time depends on the quantity of food that Mrs Xu has to prepare for the next day. All her noodles and dumplings have to be traditionally handmade with pure ďŹ&#x201A;our everyday. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When you talk about Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an food, you are really talking about our noodles," she said "Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an noodles are very special in that they are made of pure
ďŹ&#x201A;our and they can be very thick in texture." â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not like your normal mee pok or mee kia. Our noodles have to be consumed fresh within the day or it will become fermented, which is why we need so much time to prepare the food everyday.â&#x20AC;? She also sells traditional cold side dishes like cold tossed seasoned shredded potatos, cold tossed seaweed, and marinated cucumber to accompany the noodles. Speaking of hometown food, she shared that â&#x20AC;&#x153;the famous director, Zhang Yimouâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s also a Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an person. It is known that every ďŹ ve to six days, he must go back home to have a meal.â&#x20AC;?
MRS XU Shuang Zhi, 49, has seen cohorts of graduates come and go in her 15 years selling Chinese fare. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Call it fate,â&#x20AC;? she said when asked why she opened the stall. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I ďŹ rst found this stall when I saw an advertisement while ďŹ&#x201A;ipping through the newspapersâ&#x20AC;? She had been looking for a job, having married a local and migrated to Singapore.
â&#x20AC;&#x153;Call it fate... I ďŹ rst found this stall when I saw an advertisement while ďŹ&#x201A;ipping the newspaper." Mrs Xu Shuang Zhi Stallholder Xi'an Specialities
AUTHENTIC TASTE: Mr Nasir's Middle Eastern dishes have a devoted following among Arab students.
Though an accountant back in China, Mrs Xu decided to open a food business due to her poor command of English. For her, Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an Noodles is her bread and butter for supporting
TWIST OF FATE: Mrs Xu was an accountant in China but decided to run a food stall at Canteen 9 after marrying a Singaporean.
Discover Vietnamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rural charm â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Page 14
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QUIET MARINA: Boy Thunder likes Marina Barrage for the gentle breeze that helps even ďŹ rst timers ďŹ&#x201A;y their kites high.
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WHEREâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S YOUR FAVOURITE CHILLOUT SPOT?
of tranquillity just by watching the sunset or people riding bikes.
BOY THUNDER: The ďŹ rst place that comes to mind is Marina Barrage. My girlfriend brought me there on a date about a year ago, and I thoroughly enjoyed my time chilling out on a picnic mat with a kite in hand.
You can also hear the waves coming in, and the rhythmic crashing of waves onto the sand calms me down and gives me a sense of peace.
Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be amazed at how good you are even if youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re a ďŹ rst time ďŹ&#x201A;yer, thanks to the breeze. Since then, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been hanging out there once a month without fail.
ADAM PIPERDY: I usually go to Changi Beachâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Bistro@Changi. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been going there for three years. My ex-girlfriendâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s uncle owns the pub there, so we used to hang out there quite a bit. I usually grab a few beers, then take a walk down the beach and admire the lights from the boats.
WHAT IS IT ABOUT THIS PLACE THAT HELPS YOU TO RELAX AND DE-STRESS? BOY THUNDER: The gentle breeze and the escape from the usual Orchard Road crowd. This place has a vast ďŹ eld. Families gather here for picnics and the sky is a picturesque view of kites all over. ADAM PIPERDY: Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a little hard to get here by public transport and that means that not many people get here. It is much quieter and more peaceful than East Coast Park, so you get a sense
Since we host shows for crowds, sometimes we really need to get away from everything, sit down, and listen to the waves coming in. Call me old school but thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s how I like to spend my free time. (Laughs)
WHEN IS THE BEST TIME OF THE DAY TO HANG OUT THERE? BOY THUNDER: From 4.30pm till before it gets too dark. ADAM PIPERDY: I guess watching the sunset is great. And if you happen to ton (stay up for) the night, you can watch the sunrise too.
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CHANGI CALM: Changi beach is much quieter and more peaceful than East Coast Park, as itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a little hard to get there by public transport, says Adam. PHOTOS | GOH CHAY TENG, WAN ZHONG HAO, COURTESY OF 91.3FM
time, or at Evolve Mixed Martial Arts, a mixed martial arts gym in Far East Square. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m there Monday to Friday in the afternoon till early evening, and most of Saturday. I take Muay Thai classes, boxing classes, chat with the people there, and read up on whateverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interesting that I can use on my radio show in between classes.
WHAT IS IT ABOUT THIS PLACE THAT HELPS YOU TO RELAX AND DE-STRESS? Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the nice, friendly vibe thereâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;an atmosphere of learning and respect. No matter how good you are, thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s always someone better that you can learn something from. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a refreshing change from the oft-pretentious world Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m in.
WHEREâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;S YOUR FAVOURITE CHILLOUT SPOT?
Plus, exercise is an amazing tool for de-stressing. When Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m there, job stress, worries, frustrations, everything that brings me down doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t exist. I sweat, punch, kick, elbow, knee it all out. The fact that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s getting my fat butt in shape is a bonus, too.
Does Facebook count? Just kidding. Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pretty much two places Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m at most of the time these daysâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;either at home, savoring my alone
Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s funny because some may see the combat sports as wild and violent, but itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s really helped me focus and calm my mind.
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SWEATING IT OUT: Taking Muay Thai and boxing classes at Evolve Mixed Martial Arts helps Mr Young keep cool.
12 LIFESTYLE LEARNING FROM OTHERS HOOT.ME $7 ::: +227 0( :+$7 $ )$&(%22. $33/,&$7,21 )25 678'<,1* 127 67$/.,1* Hoot.Me is a collaborative study tool that makes your social network also your knowledge network. Using the application, you can join a study session and discuss questions and problems with friends on Facebook, using group video conferencing and smart chat, which supports math symbols for equations and YouTube video embedding. Study sessions are stored, so you can view conversations that you missed or that were held a while back to ďŹ nd possible answers.
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MANAGING TIME AND TASKS SIX-DAY EVENT SCHEDULE $7 +773 2)),&( 0,&5262)7 &20 (1 86 7(03/$7(6 6,; '$< (9(17 6&+('8/( 7& $63; :+$7 $ 5($'< 72 35,17 &86720,6$%/( 6,; '$< :((./< 6&+('8/( Start maximising your 24 hours a day, six days a week in a snap with this basic Microsoft OfďŹ ce Excel sheet. Straightforward and printerready, it has columns for Mondays to Saturdays with hourly rows from 7am to 11pm. Make the template uniquely yours and add a column for Sunday for more study time, or adjust the hours to suit your body clock.
ACCESSING YOURSELF STUDY BLUE FACEBOOK FOR STUDYING: Hoot.Me allows you to hold study sessions with group video conferencing and smart chat, which supports math symbols for equations and YouTube video embedding. PHOTOS | INTERNET
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:+$7 )5(( 21/,1( 62)7:$5( 7+$7 75$,16 <28 72 63((' 5($' :,7+ &2035(+(16,21 Spreeder will help you get through your avalanche of readings before you know it. It trains you to speed read by making you read a passage you upload ďŹ rst at your base rate (the rate you can read with full comprehension), then at double that rate, and a third time back at your base rate. Repeat this cycle and you will ďŹ nd your base rate has increased. Upload your readings as practice passages, and your pile of readings will decrease as your base rate increases.
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LEARN TO SPEED READ: Spreeder trains you to speed read by increasing your base rate (the rate you can read with full comprehension) through free online practice. PHOTOS | INTERNET
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TO ENJOY: Instead of having a sandwich to go, savour Sarniesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; ďŹ&#x201A;avourful dishes amongst its cosy interiors.
LOCATED amidst the bustling financial district, Sarnies is a modestly-sized cafĂŠ specialising in freshly prepared gourmet sandwiches. Its name comes from the word â&#x20AC;&#x153;sarnieâ&#x20AC;?, which refers to the British slang for sandwich. The cafĂŠ has an understated charm, with the wooden furniture and dim lighting of the interior giving off a rustic and cosy feel. The breakfast menu is available from 7.30am to 11am, while lunch is sold after 11am till 3pm. The food usually gets sold out by then 3pm, but the cafĂŠ remains open till 5pm selling drinks only.
The lunch menu has several savoury sandwich choices, such as Aussie Grass Fed Steak, Smoked Salmon and Chicken Schnitzel, all priced from $11.90 to $14.90. At the ownerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s recommendation, I ordered the Roast Chicken Sarnie ($12.90), the cafĂŠâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature and bestseller. It had generous portions of roasted chicken, house cured bacon, and homemade guacamole tightly packed between two crusty slices of bread. This is one of their less sinful options as the chicken is roasted and the bacon is free from preservatives. The chicken tasted of ďŹ&#x201A;avourful herbs and spices, which contrasted elegantly with the crunch of bacon. The vine tomatoes and lettuce gave a zingy bite to complement the taste of the meat. To top it all off, guacamole complemented the strong and earthy ďŹ&#x201A;avour of the other ingredients. All in all, this fancy sandwich tasted marvellous, and was worth every penny. The other item I tried was the Basil Pesto Sarnie ($11.90). It came with a layer of grilled mushrooms, oven roasted tomatoes, and fresh greens tossed in olive oil. The aromatic basil pesto sauce was spread thickly across the toasted bread. The portion was just right, with quality ingredients packed generously, leaving me satisfied without feeling too stuffed or bloated.
Much of the sandwichâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ďŹ&#x201A;avour came from the sauce, but it was not too overpowering and blended nicely with the juicy mushrooms and refreshing greens. To ensure freshness, the sauces are made daily and produced from scratch. As well as sandwiches, the cafĂŠ serves soups and salads, priced from $9.90 to $12.90. And alongside the usual coffees, they sell brews from Singapore-based gourmet tea company Tea Connection which only sells to cafes. I washed down my sandwich with a
Lemon and Ginger Tea ($5) which had an invigorating lemon zestiness and a cooling ginger aftertaste. To complete your meal, the cafĂŠ also offers sweet treats. The menu for the baked goods changes daily and it includes mufďŹ ns, cookies, scones and brownies. Do check out their Facebook page for their daily specials. Being a small cafĂŠ, it is relatively quiet and is a decent location to lunch and lounge around for a bit, but do take note that it can get crowded from 12-2pm when the nearby ofďŹ ce crowd starts ďŹ lling in.
BURSTING WITH FLAVOURS: The Basil Pesto Sarnie was worth every dollar as they were generous with the ingredients, which went marvellously with the fragrant pesto sauce. PHOTOS | GOH CHAY TENG
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CLEAN AND CRISP: As bread was their main attraction, Simply Bread kept their interiors minimal yet PHOTOS | WAN ZHONG HAO stylish.
WITH a name like Simply Bread, it is no surprise that bread takes centre stage here. The fragrant smell of freshly-baked bread wafting through the air, hits you when you step into the storeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;which has a wide array of bread, pastries, and loaves on display. Located in a quiet corner on the second level of Cluny Court, the cafĂŠâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interiors are minimalistâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;with a clean design and white furniture. The ďŹ&#x201A;oor-to-ceiling windows offer a scenic view of the greenery outside and also
allows sunlight to stream in, brightening the place. It has a laid back feel and offers a comfortable spot where you can sit back and relax. Their lunch menu serves up a good variety of sandwiches and each order comes with a side of coleslaw. Aside from the classic Grilled Cheese Sandwich ($6.45), they also have standard options like Ham & Cheese ($9) and Chunky Egg ($7.10). Like Subway, you can pick out your preferred bread from
the display counter. There is a wide selection of loaves ranging from White Sourdough to Ciabatta and Rustic White, each with their own distinct taste. The ďŹ rst sandwich I ordered was the Turkey Sandwich ($ 8.50 ) . It came in two halves of palm-sized portions, with thinly sliced turkey, lettuce, and sweet ploughmanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pickle tucked between two slices of Rustic Wholemeal bread. However, it was disappointing as it tasted like something that can be easily replicated in your own kitchen. The only thing that stood out was the sweet ploughmanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pickle. It added a punch to the overall taste, giving the sandwich a savour y bite. However, it got a little overpowering at times, masking the taste of the turkey as a result. The BLT Sandwich ($9.50) fared slightly better. I had this with Sourdough Rye, a rustic loaf with a thick crust and soft interior. The sandwich had generous amounts of bacon, lettuce, and tomatoes, and every mouthful was crunchy and f lavourful, with the refreshing taste of the greens contrasting against salty bacon. The crispy lettuce and juicy tomatoes attested to the quality of ingredients used. My only qualm was that I could only taste faint traces of the thin layer of mayonnaise that was spread across the bread. As a result, it became a little too dry halfway through the sandwich. Service, however, scored high on my cards. The variety of breads available left me spoilt for choices but the staff were forthcoming in their recommendations. This friendly gesture will no doubt help diners pick out a type of bread that best suits their preference. Sandwiches aside, you must give their
Sticky Bun ($1.85) a shot. The bun is a crowd favourite, and it will usually be sold out in the late afternoon. The bun was chewy, dense, and generously glazed, with hints of cinnamon. It was sweet, but not cloyingly so, making a perfect afternoon snack. This sweet treat paired well with the Orange Pekoe Tea ($2.80), a drink that had a subtle citrus aroma and taste to it which also left a pleasant lingering sweetness. Simply Bread is a comfortable and peaceful place which provides a tranquil ambience for an afternoon snack. However, there is nothing exceptional about their main courses. With prices and tastes comparable to other sandwich cafes around, it might not be worth the trouble to go out of your way for a bite of their sandwich.
MEDIOCRE: Unless you live in around the neighbourhood, Simply Breadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sandwiches are not worth travelling for.
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RUSTIC LANDSCAPE: Paddy rice and maize corn ďŹ elds make up the mountainous region of Sapa, home to a rich diversity of ethnic minority groups with breathtaking views of sunsets. PHOTOS | COURTESY OF JEREMY TAN
ith just a return ticket f rom Singapore to Ho C h i M i n h a nd no accommodation, tours, or transport booked for the entire trip, I set out on a nineday backpacking trip, in hope of unexpected adventures. Some have called me crazy for doing that, especially in a countr y where I have never been and whose language I do not speak. But I have always wanted to experience what it was really like, off the tourist route. As we had to navigate the country on our own, we encountered taxi drivers who insisted on longer routes, or even â&#x20AC;&#x153;helpfulâ&#x20AC;? locals who wanted a quick buck. We realised the hard way that hotels close for the night when we arrived at one too early in the morning and had to wait two hours at its door before it opened for the day. After walking through the hustle and bustle of Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi for the f irst three days, I was yearning for some open spaces and rustic scenery. A staff at a local tour agency in Hanoi told us that Sapa was a rural little village situated in the mountainous region of Vietnam, and is home to a rich diversity of ethnic minority groups. Eager to get away from the city, we immediately took up the tour package to Sapa. Hanoi bid us goodbye in its typical chaotic manner at the Hanoi Railway Train Station. Each time a train pulled up, hoards jostled to get off and on it, while the train attendants blew their whistles incessantly. We were trying to squeeze past the crowds to locate our platform, whe n a V ie t n a me s e m a n i n
uniform stopped us in our tracks. He took a glance at our tickets, smiled, and waved us over to follow him. At that point, I was relieved, thankful for the valueadded ser vice that the station provided. When we arrived at our train, the man stopped us again. This time, he gestured to us for money. From then on, I learnt that there is no such thing as a free lunch in Vietnam. A f ter t r avel l i ng for more than eight hours on a sleeper train from Hanoi, we f inally made it to Lao Cai Province in northwest Vietnam. It is located near the border of China, where the Red River separates the two communist countries. Unlike Hanoi, which was hot and humid, this province has a fairly cool temperature, ranging from 15Â°C to 29Â°C. It was such a relief to feel the cool breeze once I made my way down from the train and on to another bus which would take us to Sapa town. We we r e pac ke d i nto t he small bus with 20 tourists, but I was luck y enough to get a window seat. I was rewarded with a magniďŹ cent view of the mountains as the bus pulled its way up the steep and winding roads, which bears a staggering altitude of 1,600m. I was faintly reminded of the ride up Genting Highlands, but with more majestic and breathtaking views this time. T he precipitous slopes are ca r ve d i nto beaut i f u l g r e e n terraces of paddy rice and maize corns ďŹ elds. At six in the morning, we saw the blazing red sun slowly appearing behind the mountains, and the sk y was tinged with shades of orange and blue. As soon as we arrived, we hea r d t he l i ne, â&#x20AC;&#x153;E xc u se me,
can you buy t h is f rom me? â&#x20AC;? being repeated relentlessly. A group of women dressed in their traditional ethnic costumes stood by the bus, hands stretched into the busâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s open windows, shoving ha nd icr af t item s at u s. T h i s def initely made for a bizar re i nt roduct ion to t he m i nor it y ethnic people. A while later, I learnt from my local guide, Viet, that these abor iginal ladies would walk miles from their villages to the town centre of Sapa and spend the rest of the day selling handicrafts to tourists. With limited English, they would attempt to strike up small talk by asking, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Where are you from?â&#x20AC;?, but they all end with the imminent question, â&#x20AC;&#x153;can you buy this from me?â&#x20AC;?. A group of three tailed us during our trek, from Sapaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s town centre to Cat Cat Village. Due to their persistence, I ďŹ nally gave in and bought a keychain. At Cat Cat Village, shrieks of v i l lage k id s ca me w it h i n earshot as we entered the village. They were playing outside their homes which are lined along the undulating slopes in the valley. Instead of battery-operated toys, they played with sticks, stones, and whatever they found in their environment. Due to the high inďŹ&#x201A;ux of tourists in the village, they did not look surprised to see us, preferring to return to their own fun and games instead. Our guide Viet kindly took us into one of the villagersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; homes. I was aston ished to see how sparse and primitive the place was. I noticed that simplicit y and functionality are priorities in their lifest yle. There were only a few pieces of furniture, and no hint of technology, save
SCISSORS, PAPER, STONE: The kids of Cat Cat Village make do with what they have and fashion toys out of their immediate surroundings.
With such alluring views of nature, the trek was anything but tiresome. for a television set. It made me reďŹ&#x201A;ect on how most things in our urban environment are not that necessary. We continued our way down the valley, where a stunning waterfall awaited at the bottom. With the sun beating against the cascading waters, it was like a shower of diamonds. With such alluring views of nature, the trek was anything but tiresome. We also saw farmers plowing the paddy rice ďŹ elds, while chickens and pigs roamed freely on the
farm grounds. W he n e v e n i n g c a me , we enjoyed a cup of hot Vietnamese coffee on the rooftop of one of the many cafes in Sapa, and took in the breathtaking sight of dusk approaching. We watched the sun retreat behind the mountains, and listened to the crows of the rooster as it announced the end of another day. This is Sapa, a r ural countr yside that allows you to leave behind the bustle of cities, and admire the slow-paced beauty of village life.
LIFESTYLE 16CHRONICLE 05 spotlight
She’s Got The Love
6LPSO\ RXW RI WKLV ZRUOG³WKDW·V )ORUHQFH :HOFK 6XODLPDQ 'DXG VKLQHV WKH OLJKW RQ WKH UHG KDLUHG VLQJHU ZLWK WKH OXQJV RI VWHHO THE BEST compliment anyone can pay to Florence and the Machine is that she sounds like nothing you’ve ever heard in your life. There have been many labels attached to the redhaired songstress—baroque pop and art rock among them, but Florence Welch deﬁes them all. Her music runs across the entire musical spectrum, from breathy ethereal ballads to rebellious punk anthems, all delivered with a knowing wink and a pout of the lips. At just 25, the singer has already become a global star. Her debut studio album Lungs was certiﬁed gold in the USA, selling over 730, 000 copies – a rarity for a British musician since the glory days of the Beatles. Frequently turning up for interviews dressed in an eclectic mix of clothing and digressing into tangents to discuss Nabokov’s Lolita and the British cult ﬁlm Withnail and I, ever y thing about Florence Welch screams unconventional. Even her stage name (often stylised
as Florence + The Machine) came from a private joke in which she referred to her friend Isabella Summers as Isabella Machine, and herself as Florence Robot. “I was an hour away from my ﬁrst gig when I realised the name Florence Robot/ Isabella Machine was so long it would drive me mad,” she said in an interview with the Sunday Times. The ‘Machine’ today refers to the rotating group of musicians who provide backup vocals and instrumentals for Welch, while Summers remains as her main keyboardist.
“I knew I loved singing and music...it was always just something that I loved but I was never thinking of it as a career. It was more just like, ‘OH, I CAN SING! WOO!” Florence Welch Interview with Clash Music
The 31-year-old is no slouch in the creative de-
partment herself, having earned six producer and ﬁve co-writer credits on Lungs, a 2010 BRIT Masterclass Award winner. It would come as no surprise to learn that Welch’s path to fame was ﬁttingly unique as well. Starting out at the bottom r ung of the London club scene in the mid-2000s, she caught her big break in December 2006 while performing in London, Soho for the Queens of Noize, a band of inﬂuential music promoters and producers. Thoroughly inebriated, Welch cornered band member Mairead Nash, in the bathroom and started singing the 1962 hit Something’s Got a Hold on Me by Etta James. “I invited her back for another night, and I remember thinking ‘Oh…my…God, I’ve literally never heard anyone with such a powerful voice ever,” recalls Nash in an interview with the Daily Telegraph. “I had to manage her.” Florence and the Machine eventually released Lungs in 2009 to widespread critical acclaim. Peaking at number one on the UK charts and second in Ireland, it would eventually reach the top of the American charts as well. Chart success isn’t the only indicator of the singer’s
inﬂuence though. Tracks from Lungs have been used in ofﬁcial movie soundtracks such as Eat, Pray, Love, and featured in episodes of television series like 90210, Skins, and Glee.
“Do I want to be stuck in teenage land, where everything’s free and easy? Is it time to grow up?” Florence Welch, reﬂecting on her new-found maturity. Interview with The Observer
The music videos created for Lungs all display her love of colour and crazy clothes. In Dog Days Are Over she prances around in a kimono and rags through a cloud of cloured smoke. Another common element of her videos is her eccentric refusal to wear pants. Irreverent, playful and whimsical—it perfectly encapsulates both Florence and her Machine both as a person and a music band. The October 31st release date of their upcoming album Ceremonials cannot come soon enough.
Lungs (2009) BRIT Award winner and certiﬁed platinum in a dozen countries across Europe, what is it that makes Lungs so special? The sheer variety of the songs on the album, for a start. Kiss With a Fist , for example, is a cheerfully manic song with lyrics like: You smashed a plate over my head / So I set ﬁre to our bed. It sounds absolutely nothing like the majestic Cosmic Love, with its epic swelling overtures. According to Florence herself, the entire album is a journey. It was designed as a cohesive whole from start to ﬁnish, with its very randomness an integral part of linking the different songs together. “It’s like a scrapbook,” she said in an interview with Artist Direct. “You have to listen to everything to understand the whole body of work.” There are albums that you only play when you feel sad, or happy. The beauty of Lungs is that it has any song to ﬁt any occasion. It is full of wonder and nonsense with equal measure. How else can you explain lyrics like: Washes away down the kitchen sink , taken from the album’s crowning jewel, Dog Days Are Over? In her own words, “I really love the idea of making the totally mundane magical.”Adding a dash of colour to an otherwise grey day, Lungs is one of those albums you’d pick if you had to choose one to take with you to a desert island. PHOTOS | INTERNET
MUSIC MYLO XYLOTO (Alternative Rock) Coldplay
According to Coldplay, the albumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lyrics were inspired by â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;old school American grafďŹ tiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;White Rose Movementâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.
IT COULD have been just another pretentious name for a Hollywood celebrityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s baby. Instead Mylo Xyloto is Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s latest offering following their 2008 hit record, Viva La Vida or Death and All His Friends. When asked by the New York Times about the meaning of the album title, lead singer Chris Martin was reluctant to tell the truth. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Music comes from a place we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know. It sort of comes through the ďŹ ngers and toes,â&#x20AC;? he said vaguely. Martin later revealed that the title came out of the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;randomness of the universeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; on American political satire program The Colbert Report. Billed as a concept album, Mylo Xyloto delves into a nar rative of t wo young lovers, Mylo and Xyloto in an oppressive, dystopian urban environment. The term â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;concept albumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;
is debatable though, as the narrative is not properly explored, nor does it seem to go beyond the surface storyline of boy meets girl. But that is easily forgiven, as the individual tracks in the record are enthusiastic, upbeat and generally more u pl i f t i n g t h a n a n y of Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s previous albums. With the help of coproducer Br ian Eno, the a lbu m ac h ie ve s a ve r y luxurious, surging sound that is a mix of swelling synths, exhilarating guitar riffs and Martinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s gorgeous falsetto. The melodies, guided along by catchy piano tunes, simply bring ever ything together in a right balance, especially in tracks like Hurts Like Heaven. Balance is the key word for this album. The bandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s previous work produced very heavy anthems like Viva La Vida. While that formula still feat ures prominently in Mylo Xyloto, it is smoothed out by light, playful beats pa i r e d w it h de l ic ate l y beautiful instrumentation. Their song Paradise elegantly exempliďŹ es this balance. Martin sings a thirdperson narrative about a girl whose life has not measured up to her expectations: When she was just a girl she expected the world / But it ďŹ&#x201A;ew away
from her reach so she ran away in her sleep. With a strong hook, and the always-loved stretched vocals of Martin, one can easily imagine a ginormous sea of swaying arms at a stadium, well-equipped with light sticks or mobile phones. W hile Eno, who also produced U2â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1991 record Achtung Baby, also worked on Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s last album, his touch is more evident in Mylo Xyloto. Enoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature use of synths and keyboards is more apparent, especially in one of the albumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s standout tracks Princess of China which features R&B artist Rihanna. The bandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s trademark piano and light guitar riffs take a backseat to make way for robust synths and compellingly heavy guitar riffs in this song. Rihanna unexpectedly lends a sense of depth to the song and elevates Martinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s comparatively weak vocals to a level that might not have been possible without her. While Mylo Xyloto still car r ies t he world music elements that Coldplay had infused in their music three years ago, it is also packed with well-placed urban traces that will cement their status as the biggest-selling band in the world.
U.F.O: Mylo Xylotoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s title is so bizzare, inspiration for Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ďŹ fth album might have come from outer space.
CHESAPEAKE (Indie) Rachael Yamagata
Rachael Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s songs have featured on popular TV shows like â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Greyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Anatomyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;How I Met Your Motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.
STICK AROUND: Fans of honest, mellow and soulful music will certainly not go wrong giving Rachael Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s (left) Cheaspeake a listen. PHOTOS | INTERNET
RACHAEL Yamagata is, by her own admission, not one to write happy songs. So it is a pleasant surprise to ďŹ nd that Chesapeake, which was three years in the making, is a more uplifting release than her previous effort Elephants...Teeth Sinking Into Heart. The 34-year-oldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature sultry tones are a mainstay on the album, and lend themselves well to the variety of genres she samples. Opening track Even If I Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t is a twee, upbeat number reminiscent of a pop song, with a sprightly tempo punctuated by drumbeats. This jaunty, refreshing track is likely to find the songstress some new fansâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;it is an accessible entry point into an album in which Yamagata discovers her more optimistic side. Stick Around, with its smoky jazz ďŹ&#x201A;avour, is a hope-
ful take on second chances in love. She sings: Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been in trouble before with my rushing in / but Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m willing to take the chance again. Older fans may be pleased to note that Yamagata has not completely abandoned her contemplative, somber roots. Full On is a delicate, wistful piano ballad, with Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vocals reined in to convey the disappointment of a lover â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;faking it for so longâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. For this album, Yamagata reunited with music producer John Alagia, with whom she also collaborated on her debut album Happenstance, released in 2004. However it is evident that this soulful songbird has evolved since she emerged onto the music scene. Fr om s on g to s on g , Yamagata writes with a maturity and intimacy that is not often found among contemporary pop artists. Chesapeake enters previously uncharted territory in Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s repertoire by being slightly eclectic, resulting in a collection of songs that lacks a clear direction for her as an artiste. However this exploration of Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s happier persona is, above all, a commendable exercise in self-discovery.
05 CHRONICLE reviews
MUSICAL DICK LEE: THE ADVENTURES OF THE MAD CHINAMAN
Fresh from his stint as creative director for 2010â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s National Day Parade, Dick Lee returns to theatre production with a bang.
BASED on his biography of the same title, The Adventures of the Mad Chinaman is Dick Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intimate and often hilarious recount of his life journey towards musical stardom. Featuring many wellloved local hits such as Rasa Sayang and Fried Rice Paradise, the solo recital hits
home as both a lively depiction of the life of a local musician and a record of Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s music history. One of the most successful local musicians, the 55-yearold is well-known for his numerous music compositions and plays, including the renowned play Forbidden City: Portrait of an Empress,
LOOKING SPLENDID: Dick Lee captivates the audience with his honesty.
BOOKS DAMNED Chuck Palahniuk (Fiction) $24.95 at Kinokuniya Published by Jonathan Cape Ltd
Damned is Chuck Palahniukâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new novel that unfortunately reads like a diary of a typical adolescent, reminiscent of the unfortunate Adrian Mole. The writer of the provocative novel Fight Club, capable of searing social commentary, decides here to parody a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s relationship with God.
Although the premise is interesting, the climax and the ending of the book leaves much to be desired. This version of Hell is introduced to the reader by Madison, a 13-year-old adolescent dead from a freak accident supplemented by marijuana. She meets her Breakfast Club posse of friends along and together they conquer hell as their territory. Although precocious for her age, Madison still struggles with the adolescent issues of self-identity, image and acceptance. Her narrative oscillates between biting sarcasm and hopeful naivety, and offers few insights in between her cutting observations. Although the character development was lacking, Palahniukâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s description of Hellâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s inner workings is enjoyable in every way. The conundrum of telemarketersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; accuracy in striking just before dinner is served is solved in Damned. Apparently in Hell, making calls during the customersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; meal, bath and relaxation times is a respected job of its hellish occupants. Palahniukâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Hell is essentially a consequence of
â&#x20AC;&#x153;If I could go back in time, I would tell my 20-year-old self, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t worry, just do it.â&#x20AC;? But, looking back, I think I did it anyway.â&#x20AC;? Dick lee, in an interview with August Man.
ďŹ rst staged in 2002. With his characteristic down-to-earth narration, Lee manages to bring both laughter and tears to the audience. From sharing personal stories such as the death of his beloved sister to poking fun at local politics, he comes across as honest and straightforward. Set in a living room with a mix of designer furniture and artefacts from the past, he also infuses a nostalgic flavour into this solo recital. Lee looked sharp in a pink suit as he alternated between lively performances at his white grand piano and unpretentious recounts of his lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s many trials, setbacks and triumphs while seated on his sofa. He de l i v e r s a g r eat p e r for m a nc e b e yond a simple music recital, belting out renditions of famous songs like Heart of Gold,
humanityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own existence. For example the physical landscape is made out of various kinds of human wasteâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a different take from the burning realm weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re more familiar with. Ironically, beneath the overly pessimistic portrayal of mankind some hope is revealed. It is Mad isonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s unabashed hopefulness that keeps her apart from the wailing masses of the despondent and damned. Eventually, under her command, Hell takes on a more cheery form. Unfortunately, the lack of a compelling storyline in Damned is accompanied by character relationships that are unconvincing and lack focus. Madison does not lose, but she never truly wins either. Palahniuk continually reminds us that the expectation for both Earth and Hell to be like Heaven is a fundamental ďŹ&#x201A;aw of humanity. That indeed seems to be the point for the bookâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;do not read Damned with the expectation that it will be extremely good, or you might very well just be damned in your own hopes.
prancing around to the beat of old Chinese pop songs, and sharing humorous stories. The audience is given a peek into Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s past as Lee recounts the transition in Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s music culture over the decades, such as the move from use of Laser Discs (LDs) to Compact Discs (CDs) and the phasing-out of video cassettes. Among his numerous heart-warming tales, one highlight is an escapade during his years in Saint Josephâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Institution. He r e c a l l s a n ea r l y m isch ievou s at tempt at business when he sold books containing objectionable material to his classmates. Despite his admission of guilt at that incident, the comical manifestation of Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s entrepreneurial spirit at such a young age was greeted with both laughter and awe from the audience. In a more signif icant episode, Dick Lee describes his init ia l diff icu lt y in establishing himself as a musician. H i s ad m i r at ion for successful Western musicians had led him to strive hard to imitate them. However, he realised that in the process he had lost sight of something more important than fame and gloryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;his Singaporean identity. This would prove to be critical to his success later on. Spu r r e d on b y t h i s
LOBSTERS SCREAM WHEN YOU BOIL THEM Bruce Weinstein and Mark Scarbrough (Non-Fiction) $23.11 at Kinokuniya Published by Gallery
EVER heard a high-pitched sound when a lobster is dropped into a pot of boiling water? No, it is not the crustacean screaming in agony, although the resemblance is uncanny. The sound was apparently so convincing Adolf Hitlerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Nazi government banned the Germans from cooking lobsters in this way. The sound is actually produced when steam whistles out from the joints of its shell.
HEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;LL BE BACK: A sequel, The Return of the Mad Chinaman, is in the works. PHOTOS | INTERNET
awareness, he created a form of national identity through his composition of the National Day song Home in 1998, which was performed by local singer Kit Chan. Similarly, The Adventures of the Mad Chinaman does more than just entertain. Beyond the laughter, tears, and a lesson on Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s
Simple science, yet even today many people still believe that lobsters have the ability to scream even though they do not have vocal cords. A mer ican aut hor s Bruce Weinstein and Mark Scarbrough debunk this and a hundred other food and cooking myths in their latest book Lobsters Scream When You Boil Them. The two writers contribute regularly to various food publications, including recipe website Eating Well and The Washington Post . While the duoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s past 19 books have primarily been cookbooks, their 20th piece of work is more of a scientific investigation into the many kitchen myths and misconceptions that have been passed down from one generation to the next. From simple errors like storing coffee beans in the refrigerator to the technicalities of differentiating grilled steaks, Weinstein and Scarbrough substantiate their points with scientific evidence and real-life examples. The writers are careful not to use too much jargon so that the book is more â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;kitchen-friendlyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. They use a humorous and to-the-point writing style that makes the
history, the audience is led to contemplate their lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s achievements and goals. A sequel, The Return of the Mad Chinaman, is currently in the works. It will continue the story from where Lee left off, and with luck it will be just as good as the ďŹ rst.
book read more like a lighthearted conversation. Lobsters Scream When You Boil Them therefore reads like a collection of short stories, a pleasant surprise from the usual textbook-style culinar y texts. Each fact starts with the myth as the headline and the authorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; short answer, often hilarious, as the subheader. One example is Myth number 50, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Putting an avocado pit in the guacamole will keep it from turning brown.â&#x20AC;? The authors have a short and simple reply to such a piece of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;wisdomâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, â&#x20AC;&#x153;In your dreams.â&#x20AC;? The organisation of information is a bit madcap, as is the mix of food history, science and culinary expertise. But this haphazardness is what makes this book of myths and their corresponding truths so much fun to read. The only drawback is the lack of pictures which would have appealed to Masterchef wannabes with a phobia for text-heavy books.
BOOKS FROM KINOKUNIYA
FILMS MIDNIGHT IN PARIS ROMANTIC COMEDY Owen Wilson, Rachel McAdams 94min
WOODY Allenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s newest ďŹ lm is a charming ride, weaving his nostalgia for Parisâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; timeless beauty in an uncharacteristically buoyant romantic comedy. Gil Penders (Owen Wilson, Marley and Me) is a restless Hollywood scriptwriter working on his ďŹ rst draft of a novel that he refuses to let anyone read. He longs for Paris of the 1920s, a time and place of great artistic vibrancy and congregation of creative talents. On vacation with his ďŹ ancĂŠe, Inez (Rachel McAdams, The Time Travelerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Wife), and his future parents-in-law, the writer soon discovers that his dream holiday in Paris does not go according to plan. Gil pokes fun at his ďŹ ancĂŠe, whom he likens to a typical spoiled American housewife, as well as her equally intolerable parents. His ďŹ ancĂŠe however does not pay too much attentionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;as she does to all thingsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; towards what she hopes is a passing fancy in Gilâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s novel writing. Their future is already set in her mind: a married life in Malibu of attending parties and raising their children on Gilâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s scriptwrit-
GO TO SLEEP LITTLE ONE: Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t open your eyes.
PARANORMAL ACTIVITY 3 HORROR Chloe Csengery, Jessica Tyler Brown
WHEN bodies are thrown out of bed and dragged forcefully across the ďŹ&#x201A;oor, a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;imaginaryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; friend may be more than just a mere fantasy. Set in the Eighties, Paranormal Activity 3 is the third installment of the franchise and a prequel that sets the premise for the hauntings in the ďŹ rst two movies. Acclaimed for their work in 2010â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s CatďŹ sh, the new directorial duo of Henry Joost and Ariel Schulman offers a plot that revolves around the childhood of sisters Katie (Chloe Csengery) and Kristi Rey (Jessica Tyler Brown). Sticking to the franchiseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature style, Paranormal Activity 3 is once again shot in the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;found-footageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; format, making it seem
PARIS, YOU ARE MY LOVE: Adriana (Marion Cotillard) and Gil (Owen Wilson) take a romantic walk in Paris. PHOTOS | INTERNET
ing pay checks. Not only does Gil have to deal with her disapproving parents, he also has to contend with Paul (Michael Sheen), Inezâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s former crush who is an insufferable know-it-all. After one too many taunts from Inezâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s family, Gil ends up walking the streets of Paris alone after their dinner together, slightly drunk and lost. When the clock strikes midnight, a vintage convertible arrives and beckons to him
as if the events of the movie were actually real life recordings. This style was also successfully used in other horror movies such as CloverďŹ eld and The Blair Witch Project. The mysterious â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Tobyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; is the conďŹ dante of Kristi, the youngest in the family. Her mother (Lauren Bittner) plays down this strange behavior, insisting Toby is imaginary, much to the suspicion of her boyfriend Dennis (Christopher Nicholas Smith). As the father ďŹ gure, Dennis believes he must take action to deal with the hauntings, and installs several security cameras to hunt for the supernatural entity. He soon discovers a cult symbol drawn in the room that Kristi points out as belonging to Toby. At this point, the pace of the story quickens. The horror climaxes when Kristiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s refusal to comply with Tobyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s demands leads to increasingly traumatic and violent hauntings. The downward spiral of the family that ensues petriďŹ es and throws both the characters and the audience into a gripping panic. Shock factor aside, the turbulence of relationships, strong storyline and a clever twist at the end merge together, resulting in a surprisingly well-developed horror ďŹ lm. The relatively unknown cast is competent in delivering their roles in a believable fashion, adding authenticity to the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;foundfootageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; angle. Despite several loose ends in the overall plot, like how the spirits are connected to the cult symbols, the storyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s delivery is nonetheless brilliant. By conďŹ ning the set to three spaces in the house, Joost and Schulman let audiences familiarise themselves with the scenes and invite them to play an intense game of spotthe-difference within each setting. Subtle hauntings become more menacing as the movie progresses, ramping up the terror, which keeps audiences on the edge of their seats. Joost and Schulman let us scare ourselves with our anticipation and impatience, and this is the genius that makes Paranormal Activity 3 an exceptional horror ďŹ lm.
to join the passengers in their revelry, which turns out to be in the 1920s. He is transported back in time. In one night he meets American novelist couple F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald (Tom Hiddleston and Alison Pill) and writer Ernest Hemingway (Corey Stoll). Despite feeling utterly disoriented, Gil goes along with the ďŹ&#x201A;ow and engages his literary heroes in conversation. The following nights bring him into the
company of more of his idols, including Getrude Stein (Kathy Bates), T.S Eliot and the legendary Picasso. The numerous cameos are delightful and Adrien Brody (The Pianist) is especially wicked in his role as Spanish Catalan surrealist painter Salvador DalĂ, of which he evidently enjoyed playing. Not only does Gil get to have his novel draft read by Stein, he strikes up a romantic alliance with the lovely Adriana (Marion Cotillard, Inception), Picassoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lover and muse. Ironically just like Gil, she is discontented with her own era, yearning for the Belle Ă&#x2030;poque of the 1890s, which she believes was the golden age of Paris. This is when Gil realises that his own nostalgia is timeless and insatiable. Allen speaks to us through his many dialogues executed perfectly in singular shots that are as tight as they are minutely detailed. Visually, Midnight in Paris is a feast for the eyes, suffused with warm colours and backlight that frame the city and its characters gorgeously. It is hard to not want to wander the streets of Paris upon watching this ďŹ lm. Perhaps this really is the magic of Paris. The romance is sweet without being overwhelming. As fantastic as midnight time travelling may seem, Midnight in Paris is still sufďŹ ciently anchored in reality. Having the characters stick by their respective decisions somehow makes the present more believable, and in turn, alluring.
EN GARDE: Aramis (Luke Evans, centre) and the Musketeers do battle with Cardinal Richelieuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s soldiers.
THE THREE MUSKETEERS ACTION Logan Lerman, Matthew Macfadyen 110min
AWAY from the T-virus pandemic of Resident Evil and gruesome extra-terrestrial beings in Alien Versus Predator, Paul W.S. Anderson ventures into the classic novel by Alexandre Dumas, The Three Musketeers. Tous pour un, un pour tousâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;all for one, one for allâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;is the spirit that unites the three musketeers of 17th century France, Athos (Matthew Macfadyen), Aramis (Luke Evans) and Porthos (Ray Stevenson). T he y a re soon joi ned by young Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Artagnan (Logan Lerman). Trying to achieve his dream of being a musketeer like his father, Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Artagnan travels to Paris and ends up picking ďŹ ghts with the Three Musketeers, but eventually forges a strong friendship with them instead.
The evil Cardinal Richelieu (Christoph Waltz) attempts to sabotage the heroes by inďŹ&#x201A;uencing their friend Milady (Milla Jovovich) to double-cross them. He sets into motion another plot to frame Queen Anne of France of having an affair with the Duke of Buckingham, with the ultimate goal of dethroning King Louis XIII. It is up to the Musketeers to untangle the web of deception and save the day. Anderson made minimal changes to the original novelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s plot, a brave choice as audiences would naturally expect something more from an adaptation. Bearing this in mind, Anderson included extensive swordplay scenes and dazzling special effects, reminiscent of action adventure movies like Pirates of the Caribbean. Some parts of the movie seemed a little rushed and unrealistic, especially the scene where Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Artagnan met and fought with all the Musketeers in a single day. But if you are looking for a fun action ďŹ&#x201A;ick, The Three Musketeers is well worth the time.
-CHOO WEN RUI
dapper: your essential style guide
itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a basic remix
Photography: Bryan Ho Stylist: Farhana Jaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;afar Makeup & Hair: Geraleine Yap Models: Rachel Lim, Sam Duckett Stockist. Fanny Fashion, 6 Eu Tong Sen Street, #02-41 The Central DeSoul, 14 Scotts Road #03-25A Far East Plaza Zhoppetizer, 14 Scotts Road #03-134B Far East Plaza Spellbound, 14 Scotts Road #03-24 Far East Plaza The Corner Shop, 14 Scotts Road #03-16 Far East Plaza
dapper: your essential style guide On Sam (from left to right): white top, blue jeans, stylist's own. white top, green & white shorts $69.90, DeSoul. white top, straw hat, blue shorts, stylist’s own, blue coat $149.90, The Corner Shop. white top, dark blue shawl, grey trousers, stylist's own. white top, black layered jacket $169.00, and grey harem pants $119.00, DeSoul.
On Rachel (from left to right): white top, blue jeans, stylist’s own. white top with ﬂoral leggings $10.00, Fanny Fashion, ﬂoral jacket, stylist’s own. white top with blue bodycon skirt $45.00, yellow mustard skirt $39.90, Spellbound. white top with black suspender, stylist’s own, grey criss-cross grey skirt $35.00, Spellbound. white top with black trench coat $109.90, The Corner Shop, black skirt with gold pattern $45.00, Spellbound.
dapper: your essential style guide
The ﬁnalists from Nail That Unique STYLE have come together for the grand challenge. Clearly, they have their own personal style, but do they have what it takes to transform a simple white tee shirt into something uniquely stylish and edgy? This style challenge had the ﬁve ﬁnalists creating two different looks — something edgy to wear on campus in the day, and something fabulous for a night out in town. Their outﬁts have been posted on Facebook (www.facebook.com/Ntusg) for voting. The total votes will contribute to 50 per cent of the results, while the other half will be in the hands of a panel of judges. The winner will walk away with $500 worth of vouchers for Sweddish apparel store H&M.
ALICE NG. School of Art, Design and Media
Come for a “hey-ppening” event on campus on November 1st, 12.15pm at Canopy K at LT 1A where the contestants debut their creations live. On top of that, NTU President Prof Bertil Andersson will launch HEY!, a new NTU magazine targeted at prospective and current students while NTU students show off their unique fashion sense in the ﬁnal round of Nail That Unique Style. Walk away hey-py with exclusive goodies, MacDonald’s vouchers, and perhaps even a cool gadget. (Hint, it starts with an I!)
ONG SOON KUEY. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
WILFRED LIM. School of Art, Design and Media
GINGER CHIA. Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information
LEONG CHONG YEN. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering
Ю׀ᄇئս࿗ഺ ࠙ࠥႧᄈߴওധ߽ ᇢឌĶИ֨
ဣয়܄ս࿗֬ധ౼ၳ܄฿ =VQ Aֿቍᆵ ଇହս࿗ ഺಇᄇହቚເఀ۸ྙఀ֬ၳࠊ܄è ᆊ۸༖ݝ࿗ཱུႶԵाޱƗئޚ࿗ ഺٻٻИଇҜࡍè ເਛทะᆊڕᇁಝ֬ཊཧƗߕ ٘႟ਛྔࡍ௨Ҝࡍၳ܄฿ಷၴ ࠙ࠥƗࡁᆇҗ٧ਛହဣয়܄ս࿗֬=VQ Aç૽࡞ቍᆵ*M \PM +PIVOMၢࠪྔࡍ௨ ݚ৲ս࿗֬ᆦᇔཿ߽è =VQ Aࠕࢤ߽ƓA5+)Ɣᄤ ྔࡍ௨۹۸ս࿗نᅡఖদཱུ֬ჺധ౼ၳ ܄ቍᆵᆴ၉èၰᄤݝ܉၉۸ቚၳ ֬܄ขƗۡս࿗ഺ֬૽܋ၰൔދധ ߽ᄺರےƗܤ৪ڢ༇ߴދИധ߽è ହս=VQ A֬ᇽ༣ࡌྒƓ ෦Ɣٺ ༌ಭ್֥ധ౼ၳࠊ܄ᇖদ֬ჷႀ ႼئޚƗ൵֙ఊԑ֬ःৈሀಭւ দ֬ঀৈދનቇےè ࡌྒනƥõ֥ ॴ֬ಭಜƗғ߽ᆎᆥၰൔ֥ሸ࠴ئ ીྤᄕèö ບƗᆊଇߋ࿗თഺ༅ٺሷ܄Ӹ༩ව ࠰ഺߕԢƗҜࡍധ౼ၳࠊ܄Ⴜሀ ਛࢺሸè නƥõᄤӎ൲ಇቚ၉ൠᆴఴƗሸ ࠴҉ᆰ֨ڕႼ৶ຢӵ֬Ʀ ᇁႼ ӎ൲ᆴޱƗғᆰ֨ሸ࠴֬৶ֿ֥ᄤ ମৡèö ए৯Ɨಇቚၳ܄൏ࣣӏ߽ტ֥۹١
ཱི֬๎ᅥèиƗཟϾٌჁ֤҉ཟԀ ױ།֬ሸхᆨݠሷèᆊࠥս׀ॐမᇄᄂ ᆇ֬ଷྦè ᄤોࠊޱƗᇄᄂᆇ၀߽ຽቜᄤ ၉ఖƗะઉ׀֬ۆ١Ɨٺཡ۹ሸൺ ၴಭ֬ࣔঊދᅡèᆊཻ༬ࢲႼሀ ᇄᄂᆇ۾၉ҋಱൔሸ࠴Ɨنनሸ࠴֬ వ৶è
ԵᇽರྖૐƓ ෦Ɣනƥõؚ ቍᆵ֬ࠊྜྷےಆ֬࿗ഺॣો ႼᅀࡍƗಝؾ࿗ഺҜთ֬࠙ࠥྦ߽ႀເ ଝཻา౭ঊғาѠۡƗ৯ᄤᆦߗڰ ࣄ࿑ए֬൏ްèö
҇ԐƗཿ߽ᇽးསؚཻကะ߽ าѠྜྷےಆ֬ಭè නƥõܼࣗᄤ୴৶ছսࠊ ֬ദࠪٚຽƗಝؾᆊဩ֬୴৶ྺး൏ ࡞ғչ֥њèö
*M \PM +PIVOM૽࡞ധ ҋ֬թߋ࠻ *M \PM +PIVOMᄼ၉۸ས ֥ ෦ಭಜ֬૽࡞ധèنఖಭߢ߷ၕƓ ෦ƔනƗᇂᄤӵເധ߽ҋ֬թߋ ࠻Ɨܤ৪ྔࡍ௨ಭཟሷƗಥྔࡍ௨є ֫۾ૌށè *ݝM \PM +PIVOM֬۹ᇜࠊƗߢ ߷ၕ༗ຳЮ׀ಭཟϾٌൗྔࡍ௨єӵ၉ ۸۾൨ލഺࠊçვৈྯދང֬ࡌݚè ߢ߷ၕනƗᆊ۸ቍᆵ҉ᇁܤ৪ಭಇ ཟƗ۾ӗಭྡྷఖদƗϣཟٌєӵ ཊèö ݚսᆦᇔཿ߽ ࿗ഺ࠙ࠥའ႒۹རࠊ ບƗ၀ഭເݚս֬ᆦᇔཿ߽ᇽ༣ߢ ߷ၕಱເƗಝཿ߽ᇁႼ ۸ӵ჻Ɨ֓ एϾ֬ࠊསᆣ۸ݚսƗ ݚؾս࿗ഺ၀࠙ࠥའ႒۹རࠊè ॣาۜҍӐઉญएϾቒᇞս֬ ࠊèݝᆊ۸ขƗ࿗ഺთҍӐᆷ ࢫߌؚƗ٘႟ቛເൺְۡࢤჩ֬ս ࿗ഺಜ฿ؚᆦڰᆦҭ֬ैٌè
࣡ྖനࡀ֬ขՔƗދकႼ࿗ഺา֬მငދቛƗދဍ჻ۡӘ ֬ѝཊ৶Ɨཔഹ֬ᷧ৶ᅡཊ֫ਬࣗᇈè ᅽdອହ܉
ହս=VQ AቍᆵएϾ۹རࠊƗಇA5+)ඒ༶֬۹۸ധ౼Ёሀาಜ฿èиƗᇢ ଓւ਼ᇍᅷࠎᆇҞࠬಭಜಇ܋ჺְྯང׀١ພႺ༫ç֤ڪሸхᆨݠ؇ඇƗၢࠪा ᅡาಭಜ๒֬ॢӸè ᅽd ହս=VQ A ܉
ഹລ߽ၢႰଖڋಆ֬ဍ Ԣڋ۳Ӷཊၢࠪାา ཹ֬ࡍ್Ɨಥܻᇠսݝᮖè Ⴕᇖ࿗߽एϾ֬ ହဣ য়܄ս࿗པഹລ߽ᄤ )ฝট ाᖬଥèЮཔഹລ߽༒ႋਛ ئଇହսދບཱུ֬࿗ഺఴদ ܻैƗ߽Ӎୄቝྻ༣Ɨఞٹ ٫ӏಪਢè པഹລ߽࿑ҒڽڅƗୄಿѠ ԢྖґèाӍ੪ཥᅡཊਛ၉ཻ Ӎບ֬߄࿇Ɨ၀ಥսࡌ۾ਛࢺ པഹቍè པഹቍ֬ ئ໑ဍ჻၉ܒເ սࡌӶཋਛϝ۸ࢲƗٺഏ༶ ӍèႼ֬པഹขՔދѝဍ ဍ჻Ծቛࠎۆѐ֬Ɨൌٺ ๓ࣔ࿗ഺഺࠊè ৯ाӍࢲõռϩܧ ࣡öƗဍ჻ۻओـඊཞ֬ û།Ⴚࡁüࣣ֬౭ࢲۆѐƗ
ᄤГԂჷႼ౭ࢲ֬ఴ༶Ɨ ྖ࣡ݝനࡀçڋ۳؆า֬ข ՔƗࡍ್कႼ࿗ഺา֬მင ދቛƗཔഹ֬ᷧ৶ᅡཊ֬ ਬࣗᇈè
õᆊ۸ࢲѝဍޚ ӵ܆Ɨಥᅺߴਛ ئޚཱུ֬ჺഺ ࠊߴၲèö
ؾᄤõಆൠöᇖƗ֙ ඔ៉ࡌػഏॢනངߌЫن ཊ൏Ɨ੮ࡋྜྷ٦ুൄ၉च ৩֬୵Ԏõ៉ࡌػƌ୍ᅦఖ দƌϣ୍ۗғᄤ༶න֬ߌᇞ ڶൌљöƗಥսࡌເ៉ࡌػ
ଢ଼ਛ၉ϣݷè ࢫؾ༶দ֬ߴպõুൄ ڐৡႼࣸҙƗুൄڐৡႼࣸ ҙƗুൄڐৡႼࣸҙòö ލဍ჻ഺ֬ѝ౭Ɨຢ ૌᅡཊԢਛݠ൏ఀ֬ๆᆎދ ࠊ௩èܻᇠԩਛМنಪਢ֬ᅮ ഹƗ۾ᄤୄྖമൎఖਛ ֶֶ֬è ሷ܄Ӹ࿗ᄄ࠰࿗ഺᅭ ლƓ ෦Ɣؚõಆൠö֬ ࢲႍཧޚമè නƥõᆊ۸ࢲѝဍޚӵ ܆Ɨಥᅺߴਛئޚཱུ֬ ჺഺࠊߴၲèö ࠊԛӐ੮ࡋྜྷƓ ෦Ɣѝ ൜ؚᆊລ߽֬Ԣ༣ޚન ၰè ҇ԐƗᆊދൌ֥ٺ໑֬ Ե܄ቛ҉ٺा֬è ሷ܄Ӹ࿗ᄄ֬࠰ل੮ࡋ ྜྷන" õݝᆊລ߽ܻۺ ᇠւদਛߒৈƗ൏၀نဟਛ ᇖ߆֬Եߋèö
05 CHRONICLE <-,@6<=ӏઉญ
ܤ৪Ю׀ಭማᇶཟ սԾྔ ࡈၕĶИ֨
ࠩਛ྿҉ئ਼პ֬ఙ၃ࡌƗท ะಭഺ١སၢࠪنन࿗ഺ֬ ཟ<-,`6<=ᄤѥݡຝएϾ֬ ӏઉญཟးչ֥֬њè <-,`6<= ༗ຳ࿗ഺႮ۔ԾྔƗ ሴ༬මॐಭഺњèఊᄂࣦܤ৪ئ۾ ಭᄤॢ၃ၢບ਼֬პܙමƗۺე ߯نԾၰ֬ขèսᄆ ଇؚఙ၃ن ᅡႼಪӬ֬ս࿗ഺҜࡍਛՕࠊè ᆊ۸٫႖৭ࠖܙऑࠩਛڽႼ൞ࢿഏԾ ၰ֬ܙཟࡌƗѰౖ࠙ࠥས൞ࢿӗ֤Ծၰ මèᆊ۸ข۾Ⴜཹ׀ಥսࡌنѝ ཟٌƗѰϣєӵཊè
ఊ ᇖ ၉ ଇ ఙ ၃ ࡌ 5 [ õສൠࢬႼढ़֬ ቝฒ߽ഏთ࿗ഺٺཡõ πྖࢠሷö֬ሷè >QVQSI :IWދսࡌٺཡ õπྖࢠሷöԢن ތսƗѰᄤເൠ၃ ۇƥᇁးႼಪӬ ռ൏Ɨ҉းં౭֬ ދၰᇄƗ၉Ⴜ ເਛ৺༩ၺ׀ਅ֬ ౭ੰè୶۹ሸ߽Ⴜ၉ ढ़ݓè ढ़ӵᆎèö ۸ࢠሷƗᇁးఊᇖ၉١ නƥõߴࡌಇۨෛ୍ ߢଆ Ⴏ৶࠱ࢠሷƗ၉١ ֬ںଢ୍ႼئπƗ ࡋڙᰆϻܒԾϾಭ ઉᄤମؿƗᇁးւሩࢠ ႀເᇁႼ߽҉୍ؚঢ় ሷƗے߽फ֥֫è ҉ఠèö5Q[[ :IW໘Ꮵ֬ ߢଆმᇞྖӐ׀නƥõສൠࢬႼढ़ ဍۨෛ࿗ഺྤ֬ڥढ़ݓƗڋಆ֬ฒ ֬ۇƥᇁးႼಪӬދၰᇄƗ၉ ߌৈܻᇠè Ⴜढ़ӵᆎè ഭເࡋڙᰆϻ 2WaN]T .ZWO ,QOQ\IT 1V ഭເഺ༅ҿႹ܋ය֬ܒԾϾಭƗ K]JI\WZ ֬ܒԾϾಭߢଆڋಆ׀ᄤ
ହսཱུႽਦၙయႋႯሸ࠴ᅂҜთ õ1V +MTMJZI\QWVö རࣣ֬မḩḩႯߓෘ ਟᇌӵڋӡƗӗߓГ༖è ၀ދսࡌٺཡਛϣऻ٬ᇌӵٮ ਟ֬ݝӸƗӗ֤ો༅߽Ⴜ҉֬ ܆ևಇنन֬ۇè ဍႼచ ྦنႼሀԾ၃ Ԣ༣ᆇᆴ၉֬ࡀෟࠖग़࿗༩၉࠰ ഺԬུᠸƓ ෦Ɣනƥõᆊ۸ဍޚႼ చྦنƗಥႼၰԾ၃֬࿗ഺഏਛЖݓ ֬၉ฝॢèö
ƥഭເഺ༅ҿႹ܋ය֬ܒԾϾಭƗହսཱུႽਦၙయᅂႯߓෘਟᇌӵڋӡƗӗߓГ༖Ʀ၀ᄤ֙ๆ֬ઉญދսࡌٺཡਛϣऻ٬ᇌӵٮਟ֬ݝӸƗӗ֤ો༅ ߽Ⴜ҉֬܆ևಇنन֬ۇèႾƥ၉໑ൺါ֬ఙ၃ࢿዉዉᆇƗ5Z )VLZM_ /QOMZ֬ቝè ണႜdߢव೭
ႋࣔ ಭҜთ֬ହսሤႺധቍ ᆵ֬ݚݚೱᆡϦೞࠊƗఊ ᇖ҉Ўচྔࡍ௨ս࿗ഺçߕႼࡄݚ ੇ࿗ഺދᆶ჻Ɨၢࠪധ߽ಭ൝è ᆊӍиೞఴᇢᄤହဣսৣฝए ྡྷƗиೞٺເࣰؚ࠶çϝಭ࠙ٺೞ ۸ቍѠèೞᇌٺເԡೞçڶೞދबೞ ۸ࢯؔè ࣣݝ၉ๆ֬ࠞਢࣰᆡƗদሸହսࠖ თሷ܄Ӹ࿗ᄄ֬ව࠰ഺྒçਊᄐ ࠤދډᄽቍލၢमૺ֬ދލໞ֬ ߯نႮ ^ اቍܺलè ࠍ֫ଇ֬නƗເਛԛШи ೞؾਇƗၢᆊႚ֥ܺल֥ےؾ ٫ӏྜྷڀè ЫࠪႮܺاल֬भ൏Ɨྒ Ɠ ෦Ɣ݉܆ؙ֬ଖఛè නƥõ ၀྿ޚး֬ށႽƗྖႼਹ༠ ၉ϛƗғྖᅥൂؚ൴ƌö
ບƗ၉ଇହսഺތՈᄐƓ ෦Ɣ ᄤϝಭቍᇖѝཊౄဋƗϝಭ࠙ٺೞܺ ल൳଼್ᇖè ᆊଇڽႼࣣမ֬Ғਟग़࿗თ܄Ӹ࿗ᄄ ࠰لഺᄤҜೞ൏Ɨവᇇ༒ႋਛඛൌಭ ֬ຽܻḩḩۡӘ֬எ࠶၀ಥܻᇠཏଧ ҉ၟè ࠲ᆭບؙཱུಝႀເቌྋેؾ φ൏֥ۑҜೞƗ֓ಶᄤሸႵႺ༫౼ սᅡഭ൴è ԩᆥ൛иೞບƗࠊߕനᇉਛሸႵႺ ༫౼ࢺދᆾ֤౼è ఴᆇ܉ਛݚೱܹ١Ԣϸ֬Ⴜছ ᅡЎ़எƗ܉۹໑ݚೱπށᆇղދ ੇèޱᆇႵиೞґເ҉ฅඊ༘ݚ ೱ֬ҜთᆇࢺႺ༫ࠕЮ݆ᄼƗЁ ਼ঀ۾༈֥ᆊংႺ༫าႼ֬ᷧ৶è иೞࢹඖޱƗئޚಭѝ൜иೞ৭ Ѱ҉߽ႜའؚݚೱᆊংႺ༫֬ಪ πè߽ᆡಃᄤັ֬ޱиೞᇖռԢ۾ ֬ށӵࠢè
ݚೱᆡϦೞ҉֓ᅀృਛହս࿗ഺᆴ࡞֬ੇƗ۾ၢݚೱᆊংսࡌඊ༘ދ༦ π֬Ⴚ༫ເૉࣁƗಥদሸ҉࿗ཱུç҉҉ދࡌݚᆶ၃֬Ҝთᆇ߁པੇƦئޚ ಭ߁པ༶৺༩١൛Ɨսࡌ҉֓ᄤиೞੇދᇖ฿߽ݚೱ֬ৈಆƗࢹ۾ਛޚ ئႽƗᅀృਛؙၰൔè ᅽdອହ܉
CHRONICLE 05 ငઉ
൞࡞ ތເྤڥ ᇢ߷
҉ঀৈ֬ჷႀֿ֥ીƪ ఴࣣ႖ੱྡྷധჂಇ҉҉ݝ༶ ֬Ю׀ಭᅭᤶ ᆒනƗ҉Ѱ҉ບࢿཟཥဩƗ۸ેႼധ߽ ֬ঀৈࡌݚƗᇁ҉҉ݝಭ֬ঀৈჾሸᆰቇè
ࢹඖ߽֬ݚїઉ༺ޱఖਛ૽ᇠؚõྤڥö֬ಪ ၷè ఊᇖƗ܄ಭ֛ᇽ༣ਦ৻ၢԾ৲õڥྤ૽ݚᆾඛö Ɠ/ZW[[ 6I\QWVIT 0IXXQVM[[Ɣ֬҉ເ৯Ɨྔࡍ ௨ቛເᆭԂ ᄌᄤ৺ݚލს۹ݚၷ۾ޠ١൛ن ᅡᆊརबၷ֬ ۸ࡌݚᆴ၉Ɨݚᆦڰռෟތ௦ܠ ݚಭྤےڥƗၢؚ߽ࠪཊႼᆦҭቚԢીןᆣƗদ ഽྔࡍ௨ڥྤ֬૽ݚᆾඛè ދඒδჭୋࠩ࿑౼֬ྔग़ၷ჻ଔݞଖٵƗ၀ ᄤྔࡍ௨ݝڕሆᇞማ౷ࣣ࠽ᅀӐ֬ᇽԢ֬ ઉè Ю׀ႵߓԵѳࠩ۲Ɠ/ZMaƔ ᄌྡྷ֬၉ར ଇເõྤڥИۨö֬ןҷෂ၀ᆭԂਛᆊ၉è ןҷᆓؚउህߓࣩçࢤჩӸ؎çॉመঊçࣣ࠽ఴ ࣦྗྖְ ١Ɨး౷Ҝთᆇၢ ເाྖƗ ເቒ҉ा ྖদࡀෟ۹ሸ֬ྤڥᆾඛèࢹنݛཊƗ ᇇ !෦ ಭࣱ֬ྤڥᆾඛເ Ɛè ҉ݝƗкᆇѰ҉ၰਦ৻ދଔݞଖٵܻ֬è ൵༼Ɨಝ҉ࡍྔދ௨ෟཱིݚƗ֓ݚ ۹҉ࣩ֬ḩḩ҉ୱ၃ݚƗݚߓ ߽Ɨᆇᆴ࡞ેႼढ़иྦढ़ငè ఊƗݚୄഺӈቀᆻƓ/ZW[[ ,WUM[\QK 8ZWL]K\Ɣ ࡍྔؚ௨দනƗಶ۸ᇞး֬ࠕЮنᅡᆾњƗၢ ҉҉ሆᇞࣣ࠽ᅀӐè
ಭ֬၉ഺ҉ढ़ൠൠၰƗၢ း࿗߽ᆰቇӏৈèᆊ၉۸ޚ ֍֬֨য়ƗսࡌଃਛƦಖන൏ ၥƗቚ൏è ಭᆴၢঀৈƗ҉ႀເ֥֫֬ئƗؾႀເࡀࢧ ֬ങè Ю׀ಭ՝ཱིः࿗߽߁པஒиḩḩྖᇖ၀Ѭ ԂሩးႡႼ +֬ྔࡍ௨ƥడӡçలç܋წçङৈ ҍ߽჻़ྗދႯ़ƓKIZ KI[P KWVLW KW]V\Za KT]J IVL KZMLQ\ KIZLƔè ǧະક༶ᄢ ࠎ྿Ɨಭᄤરማ౷༅ᇐ֬ݝӸ֙ᇖƗၟິࡁ ਛቒԡ֬ૌށèкᆇѰ҉ёֵྔࡍ௨Ɨؾၷ ී ߌ න Ɨ ల ҉ ສ Ɨ ે ల ಖ ສ ສ ҉ è ། ١ ןᆣྖฆƥಭ҉ྺးᄣႡႼ؎ݝഝ߆֬༅ᇐഺࠊޱƗ ࿗ᆇછඵઓ֬ྺ౷ұয়ઉƓ5I[TW_’[ 0QMZIZKPa WN ғنཊ߆২֬УޱႌҦሩ֬࣡റ३è 6MML[ƔƗःӉ൫ਛࡌݚಭ૽း༼નቇቒࠕЮ֬ഺয়ྺ ুሷۡ؎ۇচਛಭთҔ༅ଇ৭֬їᆪܸ༩ƥõቓଔ ౷ा൚ƗғႼढ़ማ౷ቒۡұ֬࣡റყ౷è սढ़ყƗࠒଔս҉ᆰቇƦ ंଔսყ֫èܪᆰቇ ࣣ࠽ࠕԫबഏұሄƗؾݚᆦڰᄤݚၢদӵ ᆴቇƗӏቇèöಭ֬၉ഺ҉ढ़ൠൠၰƗၢး࿗ ܆ಥࣣ࠽ӶӐఀۡໞᅀӐ ߽ᆰቇӏৈèᆊ၉۸֨֬֍ޚয়ƗսࡌଃਛƦ ીƗೖྔࡍ௨ಭ҉ԚԀç҉ԚԳƗЮ׀ಭ ಖන൏ၥƗቚ൏è
ൺᆡၷ֬ ֨ৼ࿊झûව۸ எ၉۸üᄤИᅪഏƗҌ ഏƗढ़ၢै֥݃ٞ֬ะઉè ൠ֬ఖႀদሸિ܄ҍࡠنࡌݚ ᅡҍᆦ༇ҍӐৠᒹཁᄤҌഏ֬ڼ ௦ࡕḩḩफ֫ࣔদ֬Ю߆׀झ ֬ขՔᄇদᄇેമ؎è ҍӐफ֫ဍ჻ቀݮॲݝদѝչ ے౭ƗؾٌؚݝϩদԵׅƗߕႯ õ ئöদቀދЮৼ׀༫झ֬ᇐƥ
ભજئçଯئݮçᆡᆺࠪئϓફئè ಱເᆊႀເؚϩ֬മ؎҉ቇƗಥ ߆झƗಓيმငၣඓè кᆇಱເҍӐ֬ூ௦Ѱ٫֨ য়èݚئޚಭݝ໖ྙ൱দܻै ఊ֬ࡌݚ༫झƗѰफ֫иЮ׀ झ۾༒ႋݚಭ݂֬è ҉ݝƗкᆇ၀ಱເЮ׀झދఊݚ ࡌ֬ৼ࿊झѰ҉པѰઉèᇖދݚ ࣣݚݩӏܥሔझƗؚϩࢧሓᇞƗ ౭߉ၰƗٌދЮࡌ׀ৼ࿊झቚ۸ ܋ؚ֬иè ᆓؚٟ࡞֬ઉƗྔԵૉ֬ߴ႒ Ɨ߽ఀເၣಭ܉ሌ၃֬ந ϲƗഽဍ჻֬ဍ࠶Ɨ൏၀ѝ ൜Ю൱झûཱིüၢࠪûδ មüᄤྦࡄݚขഏൌٺൺߒ႙è кᆇಱເોҍ൱झႼ҉֬ሾ ᇂè҉ોҍ߽Ⴜ༬֬ขՔƗࢤ ჩྦ֬ୄಿè ಝႼཻ༫झৡ֬झ౭చنಷӏ ഺࠊቛ༖Ɨ֓༫झئئങങߕи ཊ߄çॸᅭè ો၉ҍৼ༫झा൚ᆴఴ҉߽Ⴜ၉ ᄼ૮ᄺഹଃઞƪõЮझՉඒྻܙƗ ႼƗՉඒ్ލèöྣܻᇠ҉း ຢຢ׀ϣৼ࿊झৡ֬ؔ֙ӵᆎ ֬è ો۸ಭؚ҉֬൱ࢲ߽Ⴜ ҉֬ࢺƗЏё֬௦ࡕఊಥ ࢲࠍ֫֬ئ۾ሆè֍ै൳൱ः ҷԢ൱झ֬ൺߒ႙ᆾඛƗཔྗܻ ᇠ֬ဋࣜ࿙֬Ɨ߽ሸྡྷؕମ၉ ҍ൱झᆻܻ֫è
גᄤЮ׀ԵԢ֡х֬ ༖èሸ !ఖƗၟࣣ Ⴜࡌඇ֡גхƗఊᇖЎচ৬ൕ Ⴒࣹ֬ഌ༇ႍඇܽè ະકീྡྷ֬౻ࡍഏᇍ߷ྟ൴ ࠖçϷାç൴ାְग़࠶ ӈ੫࿊൮Ɨಥඇגᆥ ऴ֬ॐမè ᇾଇૌݚඇגஎѷ֪ඵ Ɠ*WZLMZ[Ɣ֬࡞ྡྷٺཔࡆᄤഏ ۸ᄌಙܸèᅂࣣπඇᆴ ಭ֬ൃ׀ƗેƗᄤࢨಭ ວ༛è ԩਛႀגୄඇࠨᇜيƗࡍ ഏئݝሮЫሮᄤ٫ඇࠨӈ ഏƗඇࠨਏ҉ࡋ۾ӥֿռॹ ਛᆊ۸எè ሷඇࠨ֬Ԣཊढ़֤ᇈ ඇגୄ֬ඇࠨᇓ֬ఊᇖ၉۸ჷ ႀèሷඇࠨൗԵᄎ؇൛ߜ ಝ၉ྔƗᇁྺᄤະഏං್ඇ ଇƗःළ༶ᄢຢᆣ֬ඇࠨƗ ൏׀ᄎ؇è ԩՕᆴບƗྔࡍ௨ඇגஎ၄ ၉ฝƓ8IOM 7VMƔढ़၀߽ҋഏ ѷ֪ඵ֬ޱӪè ໑ᙢڅӳ֬၄၉ฝᄤଃ ᄌढ़ܸхູ֬ࠖè၄၉ฝ ֬ቀґณငƗגો W ֥ ສ֬ঋ෬è ሷඇࠨ ݚؚಭႜའമᄀ ढ़ཟؾᆰƗሷඇࠨ֬ԢཊƗ
ಝؚ૽܋ݚႜའ۾മèᄤ ᇇ ᄌ࡞Ɨཔࢧఊ ױହࡌݚƗྔࡍ௨֬ᇍ߷ྟ ൴ࠖދ1XWLൗႯᆇᅀࡍ è ྔ ݛ Ԣ ֬ ሷ ඇ ƓQ*WWS[Ɣ۾ເ١ѓƗৼࢫ ֬ሷඇॶئ܉չ ສЮඇ ࠨƗսҍٺඇࠨढ़ၢ૮܉ٵ ಭ༶ᄢè ՝ؿඇçளᘨඇ֥۹ᇜᄝ ᇄढ़ၢᄤሷඇॶৡᅺ֥Ɨ ಭሸಝः҉߽֥ඇܚגઠޯ ֬ඇࠨਛè თՕ൏ƗಷЮඇגஎࡇ ၏ݚඇגƓ3QVWS]VQaIƔ ሩఊਥষન֬ඇࠨᇜƗᄤ ݚୄЫྭޯ֬ᆭԂᆇႡցè ᆊ၀ࢺ൫ਛເࡇތ၏ݚඇ גඇࠨ֬ࡕઙಝࢧۡƗ֓ၮ ሐಃႛ৭Ɨၢᇇӵ֚־܆ ሷඇࠨ֬ຶ྄è ढ़ڕಱƗݚಭؚᄎ؇֬ ྜྷಆƗႴఊങᆊ၉ТƗ ֫սເֵè ӭႺ༫ሸಝჷႀ ᆴ၉Ɨ൏၀ႀᇍ߷ྟ൴ࠖç Ϸା֬نଃƗ ಭಭ൴ᇖႼ၉ࡖࡂढ़ၢ ߌçԵƗჂढ़ၢഏະç ພႺ༫֬ӈƗඇࠨःႯ ᆴ׀ਛè ᆻ֫ྤ֬Ɨᄤ܋ ഏƗಶढ़ै൴ഏሩඇࠨᄤ ᄎ؇֬ಭƗᇁұ སϩ਼ࢯұƗཔྗೖးےಠ ങԵᄎ؇ૌ֪ྺ߄ٵ ၉֬৶ఞè
ሷ ඇ ໋ ಝ ӵ ڋ ඇ ג ൺ ༢
ϫє୶ອ֤֬ဍ൚ᇛેõöบ ၉൴ЎϾႜ֬ᇌቛޱƗᆎณ֬ሓૣ࿙ᆷငၟထडႆଥఴ֬ئᇞ೫Ɨഺັଥنޱᅡ֬è ᆊ၉ఀƗःಥᇖѐࠧᇢ߷ދᅭवদເ୍ࢪ൜ၣಭ֬ॴთৈè
ƗࡂᆾࣖƗჂᆾଗƗവᇇቒᇛ ३֬ႜèሓૣ࿙ᄤ༶۸ᄌ֬ྡྷن ྔႜû၉ުؾüᇖƗõöႼਛ۾മ၉ұ ֬ݪၳè ൵֤֙ဍࡠ୶ᇽ֬නƥ õ҉པྗ ၣಭ၉֬ުؾয়ઉèેႼಭ߽ཥ֗၉ ဩƗ၉ުؾèးᄤვৈಈުƗः֫༼ફફଏ ਇƗ၉ؔ൏࡞èö ఴߕᄤ1֨ ఴഭ5MLQI_WZS[ ܄ቛ֬ ƗႯõਚ֡öদྠಿഺࠊ܄ދቛƗ༗ຳເ ሸ࠴õሏ྆၉۸೫öè ሓૣ࿙නƥõ൏ႼƗ၉ᆷᄤቚѠಭ ֬ܙමۇދèഭເၣಭƗᄤቒޱ၉۸ ҋᇮғԢཊƗેޚႼӵःےèö ఴދႽਔๆ൏ฒ֥ሸ࠴֬झ ЮƗႽၷϣӵႜƗႵՕؾഺû ၉ުؾü֬ᇽၰè ࠞ׀නƥõສສેཟ֥ ޱƗ֙ ֬ཟๆ߽Ыϳഏսႆଥèö ྒޚ໕ሸ࠴ߕϣझЮ൳ᄤԕๅৡƗႀເ ԩਛᆊཱཻི༬ࢲᆴບƗئޚൠ౭ГԂ҉єè ณငႜႼ၉؎֬èເਛಥႜ ႼᆎےƗ҉༛วာЎ߄ਛ໑ඛƗދၣඓ ቀ࡚ഌਏӍࣦ֬စ೫ދဍ჻֬ڢሔè ᄤᇌቛݝӸᇖϹဍئᇞ೫֬ѝ൜Ɨ֬ ಙܫࡠޚƗၢ༗ຳሸ࠴҉୶ᇽƗށಥ ᅽ֬ئ۾֥ܫ༬ࢲè҉ݝƗᇌቛދؙഌࡌ ༗ຳဍƗႀເᇁႼғႼ֬ྟሓૣ࿙༦ ڋے۳è ሓૣ࿙නƗႜးႼ၉֬ᆰଇ؎Ɨғ иࢧಿၥᅺഌࡌሮèѰેႼދఊ֬Ю׀ ֤ဍഌਏݝƗᅺদ֬ဍ჻၀ाႽ౭ࡕè ᄤ ᄌ ಷഏ႟֬û၉ުؾüۗށԑ ሖûତ݂ᆴӳ ƥ௬ིüƓ<PM <_QTQOP\ ;IOI" *ZMISQVO ,I_VƔèሓૣ࿙ᆷငƥõ<_QTQOP\ ؾၟγƌඩஊඩƌսࡌढ़ၢᄣै၉ҍႜ ഭເ၉ॠ၀ང҉༶দ֬ຢૌᇽၳᆇƗሓૣ࿙֫ढ़ၢԕԢ൏࡞ᄤѥ ݡγƌö҉ݝࢫሩනƗ༗ຳႜᄄئئᆭ ຝ֬+IZVQ^WZMࢫൺЮИ֬؆ࡌሌ٧ƗӕฒႜԛШݝӸ߄ދ࿇ၢ ԂЮ׀ႜè ࠪဍၣ֨ഏֶ֬è ണႜdᅭव Ыࠪௗ٣њƗනƗݛչ֥ϫສ
ླྀ Ѱ ҉ ᆎ ᆥ ֬ ঀ ৈ
༦֬ڽڅےሓૣ࿙ᄤႆଥఴఫ ሯϫฆƗဍࠊਛ྿ࡌئუ߃ི֬ ೫Ɨиᇠࢬᆰ֬٪Ⴂ4M\Q KQIދᇖࠨݚၔ૽4]4]ְְè ฒ֥ମ၉۸೫ቒक๎ᅥྦƗ ᆷ֬ಱເ٦၉҉ঙ Ɨ٘ؾफ֫ޚሸᄤèᆊଇླྀ නƥõો၉۸೫֬๎ᅥྦ҉ ۡƗᇞး֬ᆣ۸ؙ٫ӏ୴ ৶׀ෘᄶ۹۸೫Ɨ༗ຳಥսࡌ ႍཧമॠèö ᆓؚڕଝ۸ಜ฿ؚ߽֬ ٦҉֥ےનƗߴպƥõ୍ેႼ ܒଅƗᄿဩླྀƪѰેႼᆓؚರ ތᇜދߋè<PM XWQV\ Q[ M^M ZaJWLa SMVI Ɠᇞો۸ಭᇖ ֬ၰමƔö ࢫሩƗ҇Ԑƥõ༦झႼ൏ް ढ़ॸᅭਛ၉Ɨढ़֬ށ༦झ ш྆Ɨӏ༦झ֬ླྀদሸ ܻᇠ৺ཟ֥ᇢຽԢཊ ֬ಭèö ࡁؚᆇณငƥõ༦झࠎ྿ نഺᄤഭഏቒ֬ށൠè༦झࣾ ਛèö
ሓૣ࿙ᅂ؎ࠍ֫ުྙսൌ սቒൺߒ႙୶ၣಭƗಇၢõ<PM 6WW[MöދûМਟ݅ુޘüටਟ್ຽ ᇤ൱սõቒࡋ༦झဍ჻öè ؚ ར Ɨ ئғ ئၣ ֬ फ ֫ õӘ҉ᇞးöèනƥõᆎ֬ޚ ҉ཟႚರތརƗႀເޚஊഏข ߌèݛેଭ֬ߌƗ߽ළ ၉८ఞèö ۸ྦ҉൨ލᆊ၉ྡྷ ሓૣ࿙ࢫሩསࡁᆇƗफ֫ሸ ࠴҉൨ލဍၣᆊ၉ྡྷè მᇞྖӐ׀නƥõቚਛᆊીئ ଥఴ֬܄ቛƗफ֫ߴಇଥޱ ֬൏ްèöಱເဍ჻֬܄ቛи֤ ဍॴྒྷ۾Ɨ֤֙ؾဍ၉҉è ЫࠪເތҜთႜ֬ીئ ߓࢲƗඒ୫ቝ֬ᆷငƥõႼ ѯḩḩႼᆊ۸ຢૌᇽၳ֬ѯƓ7J [M[[Q^M +WUX]T[Q^M ,Q[WZLMZƔƗޚ ٩൴èö ᅂࣣःႼИ֨ᆾԢƗሓૣ࿙ᄤ ৶༶Ɨ༒ঙèؚՕƗณငሸ
࠴ᅂࢫൺྖয়ދթ૫ᇔਖƗ༗ຳ ܛߖᅭ֬౭࿉è නƥõݤޚஊ֍؆֬൏࡞Ɨ ၢ൏ॠྺးલલƗٺೢሸ ࠴֬ሆၰ৶è֙ӭࣖሸ࠴֬ම࿉ ൏Ɨٌ߽༒Ɨःཥ၉۸٘ തቛ၉ဩèö ၉ҋ҇Ԑƥõ။ഺනٌ ঀ֥ےৈƗႀເ฿ୄ֬ଝཻߋ࿗༅ ᇐ҉ޠèಝैఖদࠊޚᄈƗ ढ़ಓୄ٬Ɠ-VLWZXPQV[Ɣ Ɨঀޚৈ֬èö
û၉ުؾüඒ၉ҍ৪ᇄႜƗ ԩਛಥܻᇠؚვৈಈଥ܄ޱቛႼ۾മ၉ ұ֬ਛࢺᆴບƗ၀ങ҉ਛᇽδീƓ ߢަഽ൬ƔދδƓሓૣ࿙൬Ɣ๊֬૧ π౭ܪൠè ႜેႼาܻ֬ᇠಜƗ൨ލࡌ ܻèႜႼ3]UIZދ4M\QKQIᆊཻႼಆ ֬೫Ɨ ֨֬ଔཱིç8WZV[ISְ ၣಭƗၢሸ࠴֬ഭځॡԸè ഏ႟ಷఀƥ ᄌ ಷ ֬ߌƗཱིݍः߽Ͻઑᄲƌ ฒཱི֥ݍ൏Ɨሓૣ࿙ྜྷ֨ݮ׀ڀƥõπ ਛƌö õಭӘށƗཥ၉۸ݠሷƗႼๆᆎྂ֬ ၉Ɨ֍ޚՉçܜƗಥಭཟးᅽܫèöՕ ൏Ɨሓૣ࿙ःսತƥõҠਛƗ߽҉߽ޚཥু I]V\QM'႒ࢨۅ.MTQKQI +PQVဍƌö ሓૣ࿙҇ԐƗཱི֬ݍฆ؎ށޚƗৈӎ൲ ҉֬ဍၽ١൛è ҉ݝƗ၉ಥࢧྖཱི֬ݍᆴఴ ཥझؾொژḍޘƗࠧ֬൏ްшןᆣစ೫è
၉սϣࡇƗߕႼ࿑ᄻ֬׀ઞƪö ଃ ᄌᄆન֬ƗᆥᄤྔދԵૉదฒ ࿊ᄆ֬༬ࢲèฒ֥ࢫ༶দ֬ռෟ൏Ɨ༗ ຳો၉ҍႜƗಖ҉߽ᄣҜဍè ाພླྀනƥõ༶၉ҍႜྦਅ֬ ᇽƗᅺཨ࣪ิދৠิ֙ᇽƗझଇûಥ ีี୍üèö
õ٫ӏࢫൺöࢻׄਅ ಥᄧ൏ິಖٗି֬ൠƗः ๗ሩཥཨ࣪ิ۪֬౾è ྜྷ׀ڀනƥõ֬ቒπཨ࣪ ิèׂ֬၉ٿރරèöߕ ᄤሌ٧֬ᇖƗวԢ൴ࠖࡁۺᆇै ൴߉ཨ࣪ิ֬߉ཥè ሓૣ࿙വᇇѝ൜٫ӏࢫൺࢻׄ ਅƗᇁ༗ຳؚ١कШғ߆è නƥõᇁЫႼғ߆֬ಭ༒ ႋƗఊ֬ޚ༒ႋ֥è
ഭເཨ࣪ิ֬ٿރරƗሓૣ࿙߯نԾၰƗ ᄤࡌ߉ਛ၉ڝཨ࣪ิ֬߉ཥ٩ᄤॡ๖Ɨށಥ ӛමତཟè
CHRONICLE 05 ഺࠊ
ማၲ༼ਢ ऑ൵ລ౫ ෫ᇖହဣࡇܽƓລ౫ჺƔᄤ ᄌ!ಷᇞྔा٩è൏Ɨ၉Ӎսྟߋࠊõߋᷮဗၣລ౫ö ၀֙ๆটाਛ࿄ଥèᆣ۸ৣႸ၉۸սྟؚ֬ƗЮ׀྿ئၣಭ၀߽֥Ӎሀྜྷè ಥۼࡁᆇܸᅽ߰ ݩᄍྡྷ၉Ӎߋᆴੱè
ྒྷݣ۱ଈϫ ᆴࡄƗᇞྰޱ ֬෫ᇖହဣࡇܽ Ɠລ౫ჺƔᄤ ᄌ! ಷᆥ൛ा٩è ൏Ɨ၉Ӎսྟ ߋࠊõߋᷮဗၣ ລ౫ö၀֙ๆটा ਛ࿄ଥèᆊ၉ࠊ ᇽଈଇເõӼ༼చ ޱöƗས෫ᇖ༼ഺ ᇈ࣪ƗѰܤ৪߆ಭޱ ၯѬӼྒྷݣ۱ଈ༼ਢ ֬࣡റƗ߆ಭ֬Ե ߋԵӼ༶ಇè õߋᷮဗၣລ ౫öເఀᇢƗఀ࡞ Ⴜ۹ᇜႼܸ߆ಭԵ ߋ֬ဍԢთ܄ቛٟ ੫࿊ྡྷè
ਦഺᄤᇈՑᇖѝ ൜Ɨ༗ຳݝᆊ֬ ߋࠊদྣ ߆ಭƗๆ֬ӵः֫ দ҉ၥƗ൏দࠞن ങؚᇖ߆ߋ֬ ಪ౭è ರᆊࠊԾၰ ቀ࡚֬Ю׀ᇾଇ֤ဍ Ӯሷయ၀Ҝთਛाଥ ৣèᄤൺ٧൏ѝ ൜Ɨເਛ༒ႋЮ׀ ങƗา׀ҭߊਛ۹ ᇜთܻᇠ߁ࢲ֬ Ɨᄤ ᄌ ಷएྡྷ ֬ӝझဍԢõݚս چཔöƗܻᇠދဍ჻ ၉ఖҜთਛਃࠂ߉ ࠊè ߋၓࠝᆴੱ
ᆦးԢ༣ाଥ൛ ഏाଥၕ൛Ⴕ ڳቀয়ᅭᇄཁሸᇽ ԂƗఴບҍӐçລ ౫ჺცܫသ ၀Ԣ༣ਛᆊ֬ा ଥèՕບƗ ئଇ দሸݡୄບ֬ࡈѦ၀ ൺါҜࡍè ᅭᇄཁృןਛລ౫ ჺᄤ৬ൕދߋഏ֬ ᇞးၰၳèᆾԢƗ ລ౫ჺ҉֓ເྔࡍ௨ ދᇖݚ׀ಭ૽܉ ᇞး৬ൕҜᅽƗߕས ൞ಭᅡ൜ྔࡍ௨߆ಭ ֬؆าڋҗè
ᄌ ಷ౩ӫƗ Ӯሷయ֤ဍሸւ਼ Ҝࡍߋၓࠝᆴੱ֬ ႺॡƗҋྡྷҜܻਛછ ৡ൝я֬ߋ ၓࠝƗҩսѼ܋ ૹƗሔ൬ၣඓڋ۳֬ ࣿגçછৡ൝ٟ ދԵЎְגè ᄤ֪თછৡ൝ ࢿƗႼ۸৬ൕ Ⴒࣹ֬േҶƗ༊ಷ ເಭçӡږ ְ܉૮ٵҶඪ֬׀ ١è ఴಶႵ֪ആ ฝྖധڼᄺ܉૮ ٵҶඪè
Ԏሮ ສჴّྔᆣয়֬ޱລ౫ჺ ᄌ!ಷᆥ൛ा٩Ɨ༒ႋਛ݃սಜ ᇠ֬Ҝܻè ണႜdߢ࣮ႝ
છৡ൝ߕႼ҉ ൏ఀçڋ۳ᝇၺ֬ ু൛ሄƗ৯ ! ֬ല݃גࣿލ Ɨഏ൞ࡇ քƗඒሔ൬ၣඓڋ ۳֬õᜬ߆ੱגöè ༬ྖၰ֬ߌƗ߽ نཊછৡ൝Ⴜئޚ ၢ૱בӳ൮ເଇ֬֨ Ɨؾລ౫ჺ۶ਪƗ
ᄼЮ׀ቒս֬૱ב ოڔèᆊቝм߰ ߩ֬ૹლᆴᇖƗႼ၉ ቔႯ ܋ϩოיӵ ֬ოڔè ૽࡞༫౾ѝဍ ྔྔދӝझቍ ລഏເւদਛ၉ Ӎ࣡Ҙ֬૽࡞༫౾ѝ
֤ဍƥӸཱིױ ᇽးဍ჻ƥৠৼࢴçߢൃ၎çਦډç Қሣ
ᇞྔा٩֬ລ౫ჺ Ӯਠиၢఴڅࡍ۾ ڽè֬ລ౫ჺܒ Ⴜ۸ᅡ๖èٺѠࣁ ജਛລ౫ჺ֬Ⴕদދ ྒྷݣ۱ଈ֬৬ൕУࣦ ְְè ᄤЮ܋ދᇠ ֬ ᅡলᇖƗ ᄆ ເᆎࠝƗ ٺѠႼদሸ༅ऌ ֬ҦƗၢࠪদሸບ ࢿ֬൳Ҧèᆊཻး ݉܆ധ߽ئޚಪྖ ಭ൝ؚລ౫ჺ֬ᆭԂ ދЁሀè ᅭᇄཁڳቀয়Ю ࣀԢਛൌ࠲ᅡƗ ఊᇖःЎচਛ սõ ଃྙᅡöᇖ֬õѷ πöՔèᆊ෫ᇖ ᅃۺᅭଃᄀ֬к ඇٌèᆊཻᅡႡ Ⴜࠥۡ֬৬ൕҜॐࡕ ᆻƗҜܻ൏၉҉း շݝè
Ɠৠৼࢴ൬Ɣเๆ ྡྷ֨Ɨවሡိè മৡ৬ࣣఫྰ ਆ֬ϩടଷ҉ህ ࡞ଙƗთട ƓҚሣ൬Ɣߋቛ ಭྠࢹϻႺಭ࡞Ɨ ్ტ྿༽è ϩടؚ྿༽ྖഺ πଧᆴ౭Ɨلಭࢹ ເږఄèٌݡማҷ ֥ϩട֬ྡྷሽƗ్ േૺࡀఊሡଭè ၉Ӎ࣠ๆ֬׀
֙෫ᇖ༼ഺ ເਛّન౩ߦӛ֬ ሌᇌྲڱᇔƗᄤݡ ບවЬቃƗܤԿ۱ ଈƗເఖၳቚሠШ ൏Ɨᅂ ־չྔࡍ ௨Ɨఊᇖःህᄤ ລ౫ჺৡè ! ᄌ ಷƗᇖ ݚ߽ྔࡍ௨߽ٺ ᄤລ౫ჺӵ৲è ՕޱƗລ౫ჺ
֤ဍƥৣศ ᇽးဍ჻ƥߢᒹç؋ლݻçߢഺç ᆩࡈႝ
҉ӵເਛྔࡍ௨۱ ଈᇄ൝ऑ߽֬ӍƗ ၀ᆣ۸ױହ߆ಭ ۱ଈ֛֬ቀࠕ׀è ᄤྒྷݣ۱ଈൕഏƗ ྿ئᇾଇ֬ᅥၩƗ ! ֬ߢۜދᆚ ହఖၳƗ ! ֬ޑ ८ఖၳְƗᄤລ ౫ჺҭߊ֬è
ҍႜۆѐ ሸᇖݚවս ૽࡞ሎනᆴ၉֬û ϩടԵüƗඔනϩ ුᆒ ߢൃ၎൬ თ ྿༽Ɠਦډ൬Ɣᆊ ؔಭိਅࣣ৬֬ ᇞᇞѶᆃè ൠ౭نഺᄤս් ହబƗๆ༶ฅᆴ ൏ƗਦᇖႼ၉ಜ ྰਆӵိ֬܆Ɨ ູݤಭ࡞è ህԂٌݡ
ဍèۅझቍဍ჻ᆛಿ ృսƗЮ׀ขഏ֬ဍ ჻ݝ༶ขѝဍƗᅃ ࡇ҉ဍ჻ല᧔ शƗขຝᇾଇ༫౾ဍ ჻ާྵოְئ໑༫౾ ࢿ࣡ႎཔࡆཔè ؕދӍ༶ܻᇠ߁ Ɨൗ֫Ӎບ֬ఞٹ ၀ᄇদᄇࠊᄈè ޱƗဍ჻ߕӶཊਛ
၉ཻ૽࡞मࠊƗ රւƗජјሷႋఖᆛ ᆛᅮഹƗಥܻᇠսा ဋࢿè ല᧔शᄤဍԢࢹඖ ࢫޱൺҗ٧൏නƗޚ ࡞૽ئ༫౾൳֥ܸ֬ ሆᄇদᄇങƗᆥᄤᇶ ҋቃསຮè නƥõ҉ئޚ ֬झᇜႼ௪ເཔෂ ֬ѝဍ١൛Ɨؾᆊཻ ᇖ߆ߋᇖൌٺ ࣡ૺ֬ၣඓƗ҉ ༗ຳሩ൏࡞ؾ ੇלèö ѝ൜Ɨ߽ ᄤГԂझЮୄދݫЮ ᇐ֬ఴ༶ቚ൨֙ྰ ۆƗಥ֬ѝဍ۾ ಿၥಥཊᄤ֬ಭࢫ ൺƗ՝ࡆؾ࿊ԵӼᆊ ཻᇖ߆ߋƗنဟ૽ ࡞ၣඓè
ಭçိçٌ֬बᅥ ःՕᅡाè ႜဍ჻ᆛಿృ սƗ߉ૌ ಭƗԐٺᅡཊױ١ റߟૌࣦè ఊᇖռӍ൱ फาཹ٫ӏᆘݱƗ ಖંॸᅭƗႼ߅
ᇠಃԔᆴၰè ϩടთٌݡඪબ ᆴᇛࠥबᅥ ಝ࣡ҘƗ֓кᆇै ޱݝಖႼƗ ႀເႜѰેႼԢ ᇠᆴƗढ़නᇖ ݆ᇖऎè ߢࡈਥ
ᖫ ҉ ಥ ૈƗᆊဩྠ ಿѠ֬ྭࣰރᡇ ൌٺథ֙èሩྒྷ ݣ۱ଈ၉ϫᇢ֬ ࡇࠊ֬ಪӝƗ ᆊ۸ᄌୄׂل ҍၢྒྷݣ۱ଈເУ ࣦ֬ႜè ഭເ୶ሷ֬ ᡇƓߢᒹ൬Ɣ՝ཱི ેႼӆቇƗߕႼࠖ ߽࿗çకછދ ඇè҉ཟЫඖہ ԵৣࢲƗӗ ୶ְƗྡྷ༴ᅴ
ၳ֬۸ྦݝႜ ֬ռӍւԢè ߢᒹ֬ռږ܆ਛ ֫Ɨ၉ଇ୶ሷ ၥଭ༶ඛൌ۸Ԃ֞ ఽ֬౩Ѩè ఊᇖƗྞж ֬܉၉ଥƗߢᒹ֬ ဍ࠶࣡ᅧƗಝമ ൺொೄᆴॴƗढ़ ဋറৡಖѝչԢؚ ۱ଈ֬बྖè ບƗᆰཌս ಭৠᇙᄊƓߢഺ ൬ƔႼѠఊڱ Ϯ֬ӛ๚սܹƗ
հ֬౩ܹ৾ށè ٫ӏྒ୶ ༴ᡇቛ֬Ɨ ӎ൲܋ളয়ᡇ ֬ϊሷƗಖࢫ֥ഏ ֬ᆾ൜ ᡇèቒᇛƗည ྖᇖ֬ঔऄƗ၀ ሩ࿎ਊሸࣗè
ᆊҍႜેႼ ᆴఴû ! üી ොӭᇞƗႜ झ౭՟Ɨ౭ࢲ๒ ᄈƗ֤ဍৣศ ࡆಇû၄ఴ ԵüޱƗᄣ؎ᆺ֤ ৬ൕಭ༅Եࡁè ƓƚᅭवƔ
ვৈ ྔࡍ௨û47=, .M[\Q^IT ୀޣޣႂৈࢲü
ᇧѝဍଔݝ໘ᖻދᇢࢴઅލӖࣣ֬౭۪ûüƗ҉ݝಭڢሔႼཻ҉ոè ܼࣗᇢࢴઅਃ ฆƗಶಝսྵ۹ᇜᅸඛḩḩ JMI\JW`çᄤۘဍቄုݖϸ֬ûսߢڈဍቄüçႯࠤሸ֗ሸӖƗߕ ເ۪ૠۆѐ۪౾è ᅽd=V]IT 8ZWL]K\QWV[܉
ᇢ߷ ᅭव ĶИ֨
۾၉Ӎ൱फ֬ᷮဗèᇢࢴ અçჶႬਥދෑռսਏൗႯ ဋ֬ࠌƗѰᄤ႗ଥഏѳ٩ Ե Ԣ ࢹ ࠅ ៲ ֬ ᇢ ࢴ ۡग़࠶֬ାาཹè ֙ລᇽಝᇢࢴઅƗւ અƗদྔाӖ൏ෂᄤ ൲ท۪ૠƗსܻᇠƗःෟሸ দϝ൵۪౾èᄤûЮҫۛü ֬ఴቄ൏Ɨ၉՝ᆷ৲ܷҒᇖҋ ࠴ࢹࠅƗ၀းࡆ࿊ᆭԂè නƥõ୍ၟࣣ֙ਛ ԢƗःႋఖٿරڌঅࢨè ဍӖû૮ࢤٵ࿗੪ႜւü ۪֬ૠႽƗ҉ܼી៲ ϝኑƗߕးࢹࠅਛƗ୍ ൏ྜྷ۪ۆՔƗսᄨõྔࡍ௨ Ⴜئޚૌ୶öƦᄤӖûቒ֬ޱ ߕ߽๗ؚ۪֬ઞƪö ނሮ ϫ ສ ᇌ ቛ ֬ û 4 7 = , ᅥၩü൏۪ྍےૠƗؾᄤဍӖ .M[\Q^ITୀޣޣႂৈࢲüƗ߿ࠩ û߄Փü൏׀ྦے۾Ӗƥõ ਛවቍၣಭƗᇢࢴઅç໘ᖻç ᄤྔࡍ௨֬Ⴝဋւೃ౭Ɨ୍ ෑռçჶႩਥƗࡆછদ། ֬ಪ౭Ɨ၉ᆷࡁᄤྖৡö ދབྷޱƗᄤྔࡍ௨൰ୄ฿ჩ Ɨಥ۪ૠฯቑఊᇖè ԩਛۆѐ۪ՔƗᇢࢴઅ၀ϣ ܽएྡྷƗӍМનè֙ລࡈѦ ûටࢲݗü֬༑ڋݞ۳ۆѐӵ Ю׀ৈުષè ႂৈࢲ҉۸๗फཡൺƗ ঀཛկڋ۳ƗᄣഏჷϸƗ ᇖѐࠧ
ಥӍۼሩõݞޝޝዽöƗ ߕསܻᇠ༣டԢϣටࢲݗè ᇧѝဍଔݝ໘ᖻދᇢࢴ અލӖ֬ûüƗ҉ݝಭ ڢሔႼཻ҉ոè໘ᖻ၉ഭ೫ ྦےᄶྟԢӍƗؾᇢࢴઅᄼၢ ު೫క൝ບั୫ሴॷཊഭè
ሮ৬ቒష֬ჶႩਥƓƔᄤဍӖႵሸ࠴ቛ౾֬ûЯü൏Ɨሩ ృࣘ֬ႂৈഭሷƗ֠֬୴৶ܻᇠႼܒ؉èФඵ၉ੇ֬ྍ Ꮵၕෑռ၉֬୶ഺè ঀৈüèമ್ಭྖ۪֬Ք၉Ӗ ၉ދƗྡྷսލӖè ߗሔ֬໘ᖻڢሔനࡀྦ ےƗࡍഏ৭֬֠Ɨւদၢ ûಪঽüçû٩ा୍֬ାü ދõ,1;+7öԸӵ֬ቍ౾è ෑռւদ൵ྔ۪
໘ᖻᷧ৶වത ໘ᖻ҉ӍƗവᇇຉ ༶ບัࢺಪƗᆘܻݱᇠèဍၽ û৶01/0 9üఴƗනƥõ ᆎ֬ށಪƗຉਛϛèö িٗເׅඪ֬ഺເ ຉ༶ບัƗ֥ۥ٫ӏເ ౭è໘ᖻߕடԢ၉चƥõ୍ ᅭγƪöƗಥܻᇠڻսླྀè ໘ᖻ၀ւদࣣûሇഺಷ
ෑռ֙ລ֬ѝཊ၀҉ ೫ƗाӍၢûঅಪüӠಪఞ ٹƗᇽӖ۾ډႯছႂఝӖû ქ߄ჺüƗѰഏ༶۸ᄌ ྔ֬ྡྷنሌࠧ֬൵۪ûྤڥ ؎شüދû༦ߒଙüè ૺډმᇯƗᄤขഏןዄ ჻ƗӜླྀࠤ൴ࡌु֬Ӑن ދФඵ൴Ꮵၕ֬ྟن২ƗჂ ሡ୲ܤ൴ཱིຶӍƗ۪֫ૠ
.M[\Q^ITƔᄤଃ ᄌ ᅡाׂϝߴ݉èᆊ֬ ᇽເõߋთଈᄕöƗ ٺ༌ሩᆇ֬ࢹލè ၣ෧ࢲ߿ࠩਛ ۸ݚ ୄບ֬ቛèҜთࡌݚЎ ߢծព И֨ চਛྔࡍ௨çབྷç૱ב ࠪ၏টय़è ᇠ ቛ Ы ݉ ເ ఴ٫ӏࠌުౖ क ᆡ ၷ ྦ ֬ ဍ ս ҍ ٺƥ . M [ \ Q ^ I T Ԣõ*ZW\PMZ +IVMöƗ 0QOPTQOP\ç4Q^M .ZQVOMދ ෛਛ! քٌؚྦ .ZQVOM /ITTMZaè ఊ ᇖ ׂ ၉ ҍ ٺЎ ਅᆇ֬҉ְؚևè ᆊ၉õ+IVMöᇞ ઌ ව ҍ ቛ Ɨ ข ྔ ֯ ഏ ข Ɨ Ѱ Ⴕ Ю झõ+IVMöç֠ဍ ׀ᇾ ଇ ၣ ಭ ઌ ሷ ݫဍ Ԣõ*TIKS ;Y]IZMöçቛ ၽèõ+IVMö֬൏քУࣦ ᅡ൜õ<PM <ZQXTM /MUö თཊሸႵਅπധ߽ྠӵ თᅽᅡলõ1ZIY 1[ .Ta ృਢؚиƗࣄ൏ဍԢш QVOöè ບƗׂلҍٺЎݪ ٫ӏᆘݱè 5 ྔ ࡍ ௨ ၣ ෧ ࢲ ࣻҍ༫झთ֠ቛܻ܉ ঝѠၟࣹ֬ဍԢᄣߴ֥Ю֬׀ขთܻᇠ၉ఖทะ ྿ئᆡၷྦ֬ߌè ണႜdߢ࣮ႝ Ɠ5 ;QVOIXWZM .ZQVOM ᇠٺཡè
ޣฝսླྀè ჶႩਥႎმਛ֫ ሮ৬ቒష֬ჶႩਥഭԳഁ ഏၐཱིಪॷƗৼӖ൵۪Ɨ ఊ ᇖ ֬ ၉ ൵ ႎ მ ۪ ౾ õ 4 W ^ M <PM ?Ia AW] 4QMö࣠ဎӍè ւႼՏྦႂ֬ᄤဍӖ۪౾ ൏ႺಲႼƗ౭࿉ൌ֥ٺ໑è ֙ລ၉ѝဍ֬Ю׀ৈؙ ުષƗဍӖਛ൱झᇽ ౾ûൡၢևüދԾቛûቃ ሩొüè҉ݝƗܻئޚᇠٻٻ ঢ়༣Ɨෂ҉ᇞ൱Ю׀ႂৈè ཱིၓ֬ݴƗවቍၣಭѰે ႼขဍӖƗै҉֥ᇢࢴઅދ ఊ۪൴ขލӖҏԢ֬ ࠌ߄è
ؾቒޱ၉۸ҍٺᄼ଼ চව۸ᅽᅡলè ၉ ١ Ɨ õ * T I K S ;Y]IZMöڼᄺಭ,IU >IV 0]aVPᄼᄤಷؚ ಭܻ֬ҺƗݝဍԢ দࢪཊքಭᄤ۸ಭᇽၳ ֙֨֬ധ߽ৡؚሸႵ֬ फ़ຳè ,IUาၰᆇ೫ നເధནନèܸࢲӶ ཊங֬መฆƗཧᆟሩཟ းอຉധ߽ࡉ෴֬ඖہè ၏টय़ᄼ൵ࡍ್ ၣ෧ࢲƗѰᅡ൜၉༩ਠ ಭᄤ๒ᄈ֬ᅽè ണႜൄ2IUIT 8MVR_MVa ༗ຳݝᅽւԢՕ ༖ƥ၏টय़ಭഭདᅥᆡ ᇖƗ֓ಶГႼྖთ༗ ຳƗؾ๒ᄈಥै֫ ۾ۡ۾ᄀè
5 ྔࡍ௨ၣ෧ࢲ ಷఀƥ ଃ ᄌ ಷᇇ ಷ ׀ƥ ѥݡၣඓᇖྖç ࡌݚѷ༅ܽç 176 7ZKPIZLç <PM ;]J[\I\QWV ௗࡕƥ !ఖ ະᆽƥ ___ [QVOIXWZMNZQVOM KWU
ขຝুᇖकքѝྦ۪֬൴দྔࡍ௨ाӖƗᄤࡇྒྷݣ۱ଈ၉ϫᇢ֬൏Ɨϣဍ Ӗ߽ႛ ສञۺЮ׀Ւആࠖܙè ണႜdᅭव ߢཱིᠹƓᇖƔთᇢ߆ܻᇠᄂƗӖԢ൵൵๗֬ӵଇ౾ƗѰთսࡌսލӖƗӍ ٺບےಭè ᅽd്ݖӖ܉
ބս֬ဍӖ߽ါ ౯ਛ ໑ᄤขຝৈ ญুᇖ֬քѝ۪൴Ɨఊ ᇖЎচਛϭçᇢ߆ְ ၣಭè ขСለྔࡍ௨քѝൕ ୶൝ߕϣ ສჴ֬ဍӖ ߽ႛञᅃۺቀ๎ᅥՒ ആࠊè ൕ୶൝නƥõᆊ ۸ႼԍЄ֬ဍӖ߽Ɨԩਛ ࡇںݚ෫ᇖྒྷݣ۱ଈ ၉ϫᇢƗߕ༗ຳࣀՕဍ
Ӗ߽ӗѷπދႮማ౷ ཟ֬࣡റèö Ԣ༣ဍӖ߽۪֬൴ߕ ЎচƗৠڶçᅼႩ ߆çᅭྵ౨çྒྷིᠶçߢ ཱིᠹçཨߩఌދ྾ࡋ႔è ᆊ۸ऑࠩਛুᇖքք ѝ്֬࠰฿Ɨ༒ႋਛ սᄆ ಭƗܻᇠ༣ഏ၀ ႀՕԢཊਛքฝ֬໘ Ꮵ߉è ܻᇠ๗ԢਛـႹ ᇠ۪൴ેႼಥܻᇠ ຳƗ၉൵൵ӵଇ౾Ɨ৯
ྒྷིᠶ֬û਼༈üၢࠪཨ ߩఌ֬û୍֬ဋüƗ ӵਛဍӖ߽ഏ֬ۡӝƗಥ ܻᇠݝቇਛᮖè ᅭྵ౨ڋಆႰଖ֬Ԣ ӍಥӍ01/0ّๆƗ ၉च၉च֬õπ୍Ⴀƌö ಥܻᇠླྀ֫҉ލੑቐè ྔࡍ௨֬ুႽᇢ߆ ၀ၢढ़π֬ѝဍ١൛ ࠍਛႼܻᇠ֬ྖèເ ਛ۾๓ܻࣔᇠƗߕ၉؎ቜ ᄤႂའఝഏƗႋఖ۪ૠৼ ৼࢨè ۪൴၀ങ҉ਛܻދ ᇠ֬၉ཻ߁Ɨܻދᇠ၉
ఖսލӖଇ౾èߢཱིᠹ۾ ϣ၉ᆣؔûેી ֍üܻۺᇠӖƗս֬ ൰ୄ฿ჩܽৡߴའሩܻᇠ ۪֬ഹƗಥಭٺບےè ۪൴Ⴜ֫֬߁ ԩՕᆴບƗ۪൴ᆴ࡞ ၀ႼލӖ౾èᅼႩ߆ދ ৠލڶӖ֬ଇ൱झᇽ ౾û൶ሩဤ݂൶ሩ୍ü ၢࠪྒྷིᠶދᇢ߆ލӖ ֬û֙πၟӵັൠüւۺ սࡌـ၉ྔ֬ےफè ᇧ۪൴ϭཊӍ൸
ॢƗւ਼ܻᇠս๒߄ت ƗൗဍӖ್߽၉ؔ ۡӝèࣔ၇ғࢹඖ֬ ဍӖ߽Ɨᄤၣಭܻދᇠۡ ॎ֬౭࿉ᇖߊ༶ਛຢૌ֬ चè ܻᇠ҉ႼڥـƗ၀ ಥսࡌႼ߽ࠖҜთՒആƗ ເധ߽ቛԢܑཋè ۪൴սฒሸےݾ ᄤဍӖ߽ᆴఴ֬ૉ฿ ࡁᆇ߽ഏƗЫࠪቒሸݾ ᆴൠ൏ ۪൴ѝ൜ؚข ຝੇྡྷ۪౾֬ቃས֥ےൌ
ٺનၰè ેদྔဍӖ֬ৠ ڶເขຝ۪౾ႡႼᇽ ੇ֬׀໑ྜྷ֥ۡےؾƗѰ ༗ຳᆊ౻ໂԂ༶ಇè ᆥᄤԛШྔሌࠧ֬ྒྷ ིᠶಱເ֙ขຝ۪൴ ٫ӏ֫ƗѰౖᆻ֫ा ྖ֬ൠè྾ࡋ႔ᄼເขຝ ႂৈߓࣩႼئჴܼ֨ಥս ࡌࣗ౭֥߯ےؾϓè ቒޱғԢӍ֬ϭफ ֫ቒሸ֬ݾൠःႼ߆ ಭᄤ๗ขຝ۪֬Ɨಥၣ ಭᄤႼ߆ಭ֬׀١Ɨः ढ़ၢाဍӖ߽è
྆ቛπށᆇ֬ߋീဗ છတល ᇢឌĶИ֨
ݚئୄບᆰଇቛࡌᄤഏ ۸ྙఀҜთਛႵࡌݚၣ ඓ჻߽ᇽϾ֬ྔࡍ௨ቛࡌ ࢲèကะ߽çቛࡌྔދߌؚඇ نҊְ߽֬ࠊಷఴᄤྔࡍ௨ ܼয়ս࿗çࡌݚඇܽދѷ༅ ְܽ׀एྡྷè ݙႬྵთฯሾາ֬ߌؚ
Ⴕࡌݚၣඓ჻߽ᇽϾ֬ྔࡍ௨ቛࡌࢲƗऑࠩݚୄບᄆ ໑ᆰଇ ቛࡌҜთࠊƗ༒ႋਛᇠئ࿗πށᆇఴಇҜࡍè ണႜdߢव೭
ྔࡍ௨֙քಭݙႬྵთ ฯሾາ၉ఖทะმင྆ދቛ֬ ܸ༩èฯሾາಱເႼටმ৶ ֬ቛᆇႡႼࢧئ؇ᆇèݙႬ ྵᄼಱເƗმငᇁ۸Ӽᄢ܄ कƗ֬ށቛّၹӵئޚმ ငèᅮᇜმင҉࿗Ծ ቛ֬шး๏è
ξቫთӮܺᇖ֬ቛࡌؚฒ߽ ؚܻᇠؚᇖৼ࿊झ౭ࢲ ֬ூ௦Ɨཊರྔࡍ௨ቛࡌཿ߽ ߽ڳӐ֬Ю׀ቛࡌࡠѐझξቫ თབྷቛࡌӮܺᇖᄤိࢲၢ ྠ֬ߌؚ൛Ɨඔ൱झУޱ ֬ѐ྆৬Ӹè ξቫѝ൜ѐझ֬ସè නƥõᄤুϷဋৡƗ൱झ ޚഌ၃ߋ֬è൳൱ۨ݃ދഌ ߽ႜའझ౭֬ቃསèö ܼࣗՕƗӮܺᇖѝ൜Ɨ ൱झैധ߽֬ᇞးҜॐ Юèනƥõःෟ༦झ၀ ٘႟֙൏֬౭ྠƗᆃത֙൏֬ ྖ౭መฆèö
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05 CHRONICLE Ӯ᧔ዖûྔࣿߏܥ༩ਠ ݡমཱི߄าࠧü
ؚৈఝఊѰ҉ഃӐ֬Ӯ᧔ዖƗԾቛ۪౾иࢧঙèႀՕߕา ѠྍےਛႼଥুޱൄ֬ᆭԂܤދ৪è ണႜd Қတᡁ
۪׀൴Ӯ᧔ዖ ᄌ ಷ لׂྡྷنᅭ-8ûྔߏܥ ࣿ༩ਠ ݡমཱི߄าࠧüƗຳࣀ Ⴕᆊᅭ-8ಥئ۾ಭಱൔু۪è
Օᅭ-8҉ቃᇽੇནƗҗႯ иࢧྔӝ֬౾ڋèၢᆎӻ֬ഹ ႂႋఖ๗ᇠ֬ܒଅƗ൏Եչ ༗ຳދয়ཟܻ֬࠙ࠥè Ӯ᧔ዖනƥõેཟ֥ن ྡྷׂلᅭ-8Ɨᆊᅭሌࠧ֬ಱᆎ ༗ຳսࡌދܛ၉ဩےൺ
֥֫èö ൏Ɨ၀ႀເሸ࠴ؚৈఝ Ѱ҉ഃӐƗႀՕԾቛ۪౾иࢧ ঙèߕาѠྍےਛႼଥ ুޱൄ֬ᆭԂܤދ৪Ɨ҉ಝ ၀ેႼྗྖຢӵᆊᅭሌࠧè ᆊ ᅭ -8 ၉ ൴ Ў Ͼ Ɨ ՝ ۪ ౾֬Ծቛ֥Ҋࣦനࡀྔ ӎ൲è-8ৡ֬൵۪౾࿂ඔਛ ᧔ዖԾቛ൏֬ྖ౭თےൺèᆻ ֫၉֬Ɨଂହმ֬ûზ၇ ߄üਾഭເڥಭ᧔ዖമႼے ԯèՕ౾ႵӮ᧔ዖӖদරර್ ९ƗПਉສٺè Ӯ᧔ዖ၀ٺཡਛиೞӵ֬܆ भƗःၢӏྖैևދ ཡൺݝӸèؾ྿व߆ƗӮ᧔ዖ ֬ႂৈুൄƗಱເቒᇞး֬ းϣ۪ਇඊދႼԐቇ֬ණ૫è නƥõ༼ๆ֬ๆٺᇁಥ ಭ࿗֫ঀƗӵޱ॓֫ߕ܆ๆ֬ ୴৶èö ؚ߽ڕԢྔ֬ሌࠧ ᧔ዖѝ൜ཟ༼๗๗ᇠؚՕ-8֬ ٘႒Ɨᄣቚռෟè
ሌࠧ" ûࠌ৶ाüྔ۪ࡍ࣡࿑ ۪൴" ອ৶ި ۪౾" ûࠌ৶ाüçû၎ಝπ୍ü ቛғሷອ৶ިၢûࠌ৶ ाüྔ۪ࡍ࣡࿑ࠧᇞ ٙৈญ݃ދս۪ૠè ሌࠧ൳੪൵ቒྔԾቛƗఊᇖ ၉൵ûࠌ৶ाüࠩލ༑ݞჴ ුთᇖݚඓƗᆇ࡞ଐҏԢ ૌૺࠌ߄Ɨ၀٘႟Ԣອ৶ި ᅽǧະક༶ᄢ ށᇖݚߋჴුࡍ್Ծቛ֬ ܿ৯è ׂلѶᇽռ۪û၎ಝπ୍üᄼ၉൵๊૧֬౭۪è ۪Ք֍ၥ״Ɨѝչؚ౭ಭ֬π၎ಝܪè5>Ⴕᄤະ કഏМު֬Ծၰ?ؙWVO .] 8ZWL]K\QWV[ണƗӶཊ Ԣಭྔ༾֬ਅπ١൛Ɨދළ֬࿏པڪཔӵè ԩਛᆊ൵ྔ۪Ɨሌࠧᇖ၀൳੪ ൵ອ৶ިԢ֨ൌদ ࣣ۪֬౾ƗЎচû܋ሎሸሎüçû၉üދû୍҉ᆰ֨֬ ൠüè၉ᅭሌ଼ࠧচئᅭಪሌࠧ֬࣡Ɨमؚ ቒ ᆻ֫൳Ҧ֬ሌࠧᆴ၉è ƚߢծព
ށቛฅ ئఴԢྔሌࠧ ᅼѩ ĶИ֨
দԢ֬ݝӖᇖƗෑռ ಱເቒྔሌࠧû୍ᄤ ٗିીü౭ےቒ༬ቒೃ ֬ދ၉èሌࠧᇖทะਛၢັ ޚങாԯଊ֬ඹ౭ےè ா్֬Ɨᄤ ᄌ ಷ ֬ྡྷنሌࠧƗሖഏսๆອᇢ ࢴઅދӮᒹن֬ಷሷèᄤ ෑռैদᆊᅭሌࠧ ഺࠊᇖ၉ཻၢЫငෛཱི֬ٗ ି൳੪ఊᇖè ಓ၉֬ෑռ༗ຳְδ ڥၩޱ၉ఖᄣԢûxײüሌ ࠧƗढ़ށቛฅئƗఴԢ ਛྔሌࠧû୍ᄤٗିીüè Ыࠪჷႀ൏Ɨࢺډ ൫ƥõႀເႼฅ֬ށئቛཟ းۼսࡌ၉ఖٺཡèְ֥ݛ δڥᄣԢሌࠧƗःְႼ ેႼྔቛਛè҉ݝƗ ߕְ߽δڥଃ ᄌ၉ఖಇ СࣟԢûxײü֬ሌࠧèö ࡁᆇ߽ഏ֬ఞޚٹࠊ ௩Ɨເྔލሌࠧ֬ԵƗෑ ռ჻ߗਛྔ֬ྟنè ఊᇖࠤ൴ࡌु֬২Ӑن ӵਛ჻ןዄؚ֬ཧèؙ჻ ླྀӲƗᄤขഏ۪ૠढ़߽ Ꮵၕཱࠈुࡌދఖদèಥಭ ᄣൔਛෑռළढ़π ֬၉è Ӻ౩ᅽڋѶ Ы߽ࠪڕႀເࣔಷთ Ⴝಭໝᅽ݂ି֥ٗےؾ ൏Ɨډᆷငƥõેીٗށ ି֬èᇁս઼ཉ֬၉ᇜພ
ླྀƗ҉ш֙ᆎƗᇁႼቚշൠ֬ ಭғ߽फ֫ٗିèö ൏ߕМਟࡌुދδڥᅂࣣ ᄤ၇൮ధ൴ƗѰᇢຽ֬ಭ ৹۸ڕཔèླྀډӲሸ ࠴۸ેીٗି֬ಭƗ٘ ֡फ֫ყຳދफ़ຳ֬ئಭғ߽ Ⴜٗିè Ɨෑռഏᄢਛ࠲൵ྔ ۪܉ະ૽ౄ༼൲๗Ɨ۾ࠓ ࠌМࠫഽèû༦ߒଙüᆊ ൵ᅂЫδ۪֬౾۾؆਼ ڋ೧ƗࠓവᇇӘݝਛᇽռ ۪ûྤ؎شڥüè ෑռؚՕླྀӲƗ႒ুۼۅ Ϸഌਏߗᇽռ۪è҉ܼᄿဩƗ ݂ैະકഏڌঅ֬ሎ๕ྔ۪ 5>Ɨःᆰ۪֨ૠؚᆊᅭྔ ሌࠧႼئఀևਛè
ሌࠧƥû୍ᄤٗିીü ƥûࡥüçû֙၉ ఖቃݝüçûঽબü
ݝ֬ӭוƗෑռ ๒ྡྷنݝව࠸༩ਠ ֬ûx ײüƗ٘༼ؾ Ԣਛࠩࣔލఀށቛ֬ྔሌ ࠧû୍ᄤٗିીüè
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Opinions frankly, my dear
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WEIGHING OUR WORDS T he Occ upy Wa l l St r e e t movement has captured the imagination of people across the world in the last month. Protests over economic inequalityâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the dominance of the minority over the economyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; have ďŹ nally given a voice to the majority. The protest drew attention to fundamental structures that our society is built on, and the possible dangers and harms should we continue along these lines. It has shown anger at the fact that it is not the greater numbers who are always heard, but those with the resources to make sure they are. Many times, the topics that are trumpeted, are not the issues of actual concern to people. So do we, as ordinar y people, have weight behind our words? Actually, being someone who can contribute a voice to important issues is not too far a stretch of imagination. Graduates from NTU have gone on to become important movers in society. Low Thia Khiang has provided, and continues to be, an important counterbalance in Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s political scene.
And Stefanie Sun is a powerful inďŹ&#x201A;uence as a top singer. If we can learn anything from the Occupy Wall Street protests, it is that ordinary people can make an important difference. T h is can be seen even among our university population. Graduate students from NTU organised the TEDxNTU seminar recently, to give innovative people a platform to inspire. Its theme was to show people how to translate their dreams into reality. More students from NTU have also been taking part in green initiatives to highlight the importance of environmental well-being. So it is not whether we have a voiceâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;it is about how we use it. As a newspaper, we have the responsibility to make sure that the things that we write about, matter. And as citizens of the world, that the issues we lend a voice to are signiďŹ cant enough to deserve it. At this time of market turmoil, with unemployment and costs of living fast getting beyond the common man, there may be no time as important to consider what causes we lend weight to.
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Human factor affects
GRAPHIC | GOH WEI CHOON
CASSANDRA YEAP CHIEF EDITOR
ead i ng t h roug h t he reports on Steve Jobsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; death, I came across articles that recorded the last piece of advice he gave Tim Cook, his successor. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Just do what is right,â&#x20AC;? he said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;not do what Steve Jobs would.â&#x20AC;? This reminded me of what someone else who filled similarly large shoes had said. Sister Nirmala who took over Mother Teresa as the head of the global Missionaries of Charity Order, said she was clear that she was to be herself, not the Nobel Prizeawarded nun. Jobs and Mother Teresa were visionaries who left lasting changes in terms of products, programmes and culture, they mentored the people they worked with. Their successors were to be unique individuals, not slavish followers of a cult of personality, nor of the characteristics that had worked for their mentors. Products and resultsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;these things are important. But for me, the deepest meanings are created at the intersection of one life with another. For Jobs and Mother Teresa, the effect they had through personal relationships left legacies that outlived them through their successors. Great f igures like Mot her Teresa, Jobs and Princess Diana
understood true achievement as their impact on fellow human beings and this was evident in their lives. Mother Teresa worked with the poorest of the poor and the abandoned in the slums of Calcutta for 50 years, while Diana has been immortalised in images of her holding hands with HIV patients and lepers. Even Jobs, whose attention to detail meant at times a tyrannical working style, was driven by the needs of the consumers ďŹ rstâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the human experience. T hroughout my life, what stayed with me and impacted who I was as a person and where I was going, were the people and relationships. When I became president of the debate club, I set myself a long to-do list of new initiatives to complete or existing projects to improve. Through a yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ďŹ&#x201A;urry of activity, I eventually got through the list. Looking back over that year, I should have felt a sense of accomplishment over all that had been achieved. Instead, the satisfaction of advising and coaching my juniors was what lingered on and still continues to be an important part of my life through the relationships formed. Likewise, as a news editor at The Nanyang Chronicle, I was glad to see news articles on timely issues produced by the paper. But the most memorable aspect was
working with writers who were not too conďŹ dent in their abilities, and through a bit of guidance on my part and a lot of passion and drive on theirs, seeing them turn in incredible work. That is also where the primary fascination with journalism lies for meâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the chance to interact with diverse types of people, hear their stories and share in aspects of their lives. It is no surprise then that as the Chronicle closes for the semester, what I will take away will be the crazy overnighters during production of the paper, the laughter and frustration sharedâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; the sense that despite the fatigue, you were with people who wanted the same goal as badly as you. With technology increasingly replacing human functions, it has become even easier to downplay the difference made when on life meets another. Recently, the movie â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Up in the Airâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; drove home for me how easy it is to lose sight of what matters due to the seductiveness of efďŹ ciency. In the drama, a system to ďŹ re people by videoconferencing is introduced by an ambitious fresh graduate. She is later devastated when her boyfriend breaks up with her over text message. Her hypocrisy highlights a greater truth about lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;on the surface we may appear to be all business, but it is the relationships that keep us going.
a matter of perspective
Driving beyond the COE C ALOYSIUS LAI
an you imagine having to ferry younger siblings from one extra-curricular activity to another? Or being the designated driver when your friends go clubbing? I would much rather be stuck in a crowded train. It is easy to understand why many would desire a vehicle of their own. A car offers better mobility, greater travelling comfort, and shorter waiting time. However, buying a car in Singapore is no simple undertaking and I am certainly glad I am not driving one. Not only do we have to consider the price of the vehicle, but also the cost of the Certiﬁcate of Entitlement (COE), Electronic Road Pricing (ERP), road taxes, customs duty and fuel prices. To make matters worse for prospective car owners—especially undergraduates like us—owning a car is almost guaranteed to become costlier in the future. Before the purchase of a new vehicle, a potential buyer has to bid for a COE according to the vehicle’s category. The COE allows the buyer to use the vehicle for 10 years, after which it has to be scrapped or have its COE renewed. This is a major cost component of a Singaporeregistered car. For instance, the COE of a 1600cc Honda Civic is at least $50,000—almost the price of the car itself. Besides cost of purchase, vehicle maintenance is also an issue. ERP was introduced in 1998 to control trafﬁc in the Central Business District, along expressways and busy roads. Frequent ERP rate increases and expansion of ERP area coverage have been a thorn in the side for many local drivers. As of August 2011, ERP rates have been increased at two gantries and decreased at a third after a quarterly trafﬁc review by the Land Transport Authority (LTA). Despite layman complaints, there is good reason for constraining vehicle population in Singapore. W hen roads can no longer handle the increasing vehicle load, the only option left is to expand road networks. LTA is already widening the Central Expressway and has approved construction of the North-South Expressway. Property prices in the vicinity of these road works will probably decline, and residents will have to be relocated to make way for these new roads. To minimise these problems, it is important to control vehicle growth. Beyond all cost issues, car ow ner sh ip may be wor t h t he money if it brings about sufﬁcient convenience. However car owners do encounter problems that commuters usually do not, such as parking and trafﬁc conditions. For example, ﬁnding parking space within busy shopping areas can be diff icult on weekends. Taking a train to City Hall is a lot
easier than weaving around car parks for at least 15 minutes. This time can be better spent blissfully sipping a cappuccino at Starbucks. In fact, taking public transport from the edge of Singapore to the central areas can be quicker than driving during peak hours. One such example—the newly-opened Circle Line, has greatly increased accessibility across the country. Regardless of trafﬁc conditions, my trips from NTU to my aunt’s place in Bishan now last 45 minutes, down from an hour previously. However, even if public transport seems like the better option, I still face a dilemma as a commuter with the cost of public transportation going up as well. A price hike in transport costs of one per cent has recently been approved in August this year. This came at a time when congestion, service disruptions, and erratic arrival times were matters of much debate among citizens.
Taking public transport from the edge of Singapore to the central areas can be quicker than driving during peak hours.
There has been some concern that Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) delays and disruptions are becoming more frequent this year, despite the increase in fares. On the other hand, there has been marked progress in the expansion of the public transport infrastructure. With the introduction of the Circle Line, there is hope for better travelling experiences for commuters. If you compare monthly expenditure on transportation between a car owner and a commuter, I anticipate that they would cost me at least $1,000 and at most $200, respectively. With Singapore’s good public transportation infrastructure, it is more cost-effective to be a commuter. After all, should the need arise, cab services are within easy reach at the dial of a telephone. It does not take much imagination to ﬁgure out what my savings of a whopping $800 per month can do. I can easily save up to $10,000 within a year and ﬂy to Greece for a vacation. Car ownership is clearly more a luxury than a necessity in a small and highly-urbanised country. Personal transportation in Singapore is not a viable option for many, especially with recent additions to the public transport network.
GRAPHIC | GOH WEI CHOON
t’s 6pm and you just escaped from an agonising meeting with a demanding client. You drag your exhausted self to the train station, only to squeeze your way into an already packed train. Contrast this with the feeling of starting your car’s engine and being greeted by your favourite song on the radio. Obvious choice, isn’t it? This choice became even more apparent during my 10-week internship at Tanjong Pagar this summer. I was more than willing to work overtime on several occasions, just so I could avoid the peak hour crowd and have a comfortable trip home. I relished the rare occasions when I was allowed to use the family car instead of the dreaded public commute. Despite t he heavy parking charges and massive jams, the comfort more than made up for it. Hav i ng you r ow n wheels spells freedom, convenience and independence at almost any moment you desire. Craving prata after watching a late-night movie? No problem. No need to forgo supper and rush for the last bus to avoid paying the ridiculous 50% midnight taxi surcharge. Yearning for a day trip away from the stresses of piling school work? Easy! Drive across the causeway and feast on barbequed seafood after shopping to your heart’s content. And my favourite reason for owning a car? I can wake up at 8.30am instead of 7.30am and still be early for my 9.30am lecture. However with COE prices going at a whopping $50,000 minimum, being able to zoom around
town in your own car might take a while. When the latest rates were announced, my friends and I were left feeling frustrated. All things considered, one cannot help but question—how can I afford a car? And we’re not even talking about the vehicle itself, but a Certiﬁcate of Entitlement—a piece of paper that is unheard of anywhere else in the world, just to own a car. Let’s take a step back and be honest: was the rise in cost unexpected? Deﬁnitely not. COE prices have never remained low for long. Despite the rates reaching admittedly exorbitant levels, this does not mean that cars are a luxury reserved only for the wealthy. To me, the ability to afford a car is based on our ability to manage our ﬁnances. Tough as it may be, I believe that with carefully planned and prioritised spending, coupled with regular healthy savings, being a car owner is possible, regardless of the price hike. Let’s do the math: according to a sur vey conducted by the Ministr y of Manpower, a fresh graduate armed with a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) degree earns an average of $2,360 a month, after the mandatory 20% Central Provident Fund (CPF) deduction. Based on my current spending, and factoring in the higher salary, after deducting portions for our parents ($500), food ($400), transport ($300) and entertainment ($410), I can expect to save at least $750. This amounts to $18,000 after two years. With this $18,000 ser v ing as down payment, this reduces the cost of a car under 1500cc to $ 81,500, inclusive of COE. Factoring in interest for a seven year bank loan, monthly installments would cost slightly under
$1,100. Factoring in miscellaneous expenses such as fuel and parking charges, the total amount to maintain a car hovers around $2,000 a month. While it is a rather extravagant sum, most of us would be enjoying bonuses and a healthy raise after working for two years, which would ease the burden. Furthermore, if the purchase is made only after being certain of having the ability to cope with the monthly payments, this rather signiﬁcant expenditure is deﬁnitely
I believe that with carefully planned and prioritised spending, coupled with regular healthy savings, being a car owner is possible.
within reach. After all, inﬂation is something that we constantly deal with, seeing how much prices have risen for food, utilities and accommodation. Owning our very own car is something that we all dream of when we rush to get our driver’s license at the magical age of 18. I certainly did. While it has been three years since I earned my legal right to be behind the wheel, I am still borrowing my parents’ car, it doesn’t bother me. It may now take even longer than I had initially hoped for, but that isn’t going to stop me from working towards buying one, and it shouldn’t stop you either.
Smoking us out?
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I prefer to use my phone manually. It is very weird to be talking to my phone in public. There is no privacy.
Sia Wan Rong, SBS, Yr 3, 22
â&#x20AC;&#x153; GRAPHIC | SWARNALI MITRA
have been a smoker for as long as I remember. Over the years, I have become completely immune to judgemental stares, disdainful sniffs and the usual frantic fanning of the air because of my nicotine-laden breath. With fewer places to light up legally as the years go by, smokers like myself have no choice but to congregate at whatever space that is leftâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;creating an even more undesirable environment for non-smokers. A true paradox indeed. Of the many reasons I can come up with, the most convenient would be to blame the extension of the smoking ban. Since 2009, smoking has been prohibited in many places, including playgrounds and exercise areas, shopping centres, and within ďŹ ve metres of entrances and exits. There are precious few smoker-friendly locations as it is. Smokers can choose between being packed like sardines in the tiny, designated smoking rooms in bars, standing around awkwardly pufďŹ ng around a dustbin along with hundreds of their peers, or simply enduring the baleful glares of passers-by as they attempt to quickly ďŹ nish a stick. Vera Lim, 23, a graduate student from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;With so many restrictions, people break them because they have little or no other choice.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;While some smokers need to be more considerate, the rules and regulations that force smokers to stand in corners, or sneak a cigarette, creates more problems than it solves.â&#x20AC;? I do understand where all the unhappiness directed towards smokers is coming from. Even as a smoker, I would
sometimes choke from the noxious amounts of smoke produced where smokers congregate. Its health detriments and problems are well-documented, and anti-smoking evangelists are more than effective at convincing non-smokers that they are the ones who are truly suffering. Despite the Ministry of Environment and Water Resourcesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; plan to extend the smoking ban, to further restrict the areas where smokers can congregate, so to reduce the impact that secondhand smoke is having on nonsmokers, the current restrictions are already being openly ďŹ&#x201A;outed.
Why go to such lengths to corner us smokers into being tempted to break the law, or look for loopholes to exploit?
Just take a look at areas in town such as Orchard. At any given building, the number of smokers smoking illegally in places such as stairwells, carpark corners and lift lobbies is incredible. Thomas Lam, 28, an NTU alumni, sums it up perfectly: â&#x20AC;&#x153;With all the bans in place, it is a toss-up between walking a huge distance to take a smoke, or getting ready to run like the wind when the National Environmental Agency guys try to approach you.â&#x20AC;? A very basic carrot-and-stick argument is at stake here. Further governmental regulation could attempt to cordon off the smokers, or they could take the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;softâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; method by appealing to their public spirit to spare non-
smokers the agony of having to breathe the toxic smoke. A little consideration goes a very long way, instead of having the long, and often brutal, arm of the law intervene. For example, before an interview with a prospective employer, or a date with someone new, we try not to go in there reeking of cigarettes so as to not give a poor impression. Neither do we intentionally inďŹ&#x201A;ict on non-smokers the gruesome ills and diseases that are so freely displayed on our cigarette packs. Even as the crusade towards banning tobacco altogether in Singapore picks up steam, regulations that squeeze smokers into small corners continue to create a paradox. Maintaining levels of public health is necessary, but why go to such lengths to corner us smokers into a position where we would be tempted to break the law, or look for loopholes to exploit? Sean Lee, 23, a ďŹ rst-year student from the National Institute of Education concurs: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Smokers just have to be a little more considerate. No one likes having cigarette smoke blown in their faces. New parents, especially if they are non-smokers themselves, would be extra careful with regards to their childrenâ&#x20AC;?. Get out of that tiny stairwell and take a walk to somewhere open to get your nicotine ďŹ x, or just resist the temptation for a little while. With all the negative aspects of smoking, exercising restraint would do us a world of good, and have the added beneďŹ t of reducing a problem before the authorities see ďŹ t to intervene and make yet another hurdle that we would have to jump over. I know I will be taking my own advice from now on.
After watching numerous videos of the Siri application being tested, I feel that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more entertaining than practical. Elton Lim, SBS, Yr 3, 23
While the iPhone technology is cutting-edge, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m skeptical that Siri will recognise Singaporean accents.
Nurazleena Ramli, HSS, Yr 2, 20
I feel that a phone that can serve my basic needs is good enough. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see the need to buy a phone like the iPhone 4S. T. Deepa, NIE, Yr 4, 22
The iPhone 4S is counter-productive. If the phone canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t catch what Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m saying, it may carry out the wrong function for me.
Shawn Tan, EEE, Yr 2, 21 TEXT | JAYASHRI LOKARAJAN ; PHOTOS | WAN ZHONG HAO
36 OPINIONS louder than words
GOH WEI CHOON GRAPHICS EDITOR
Solidarity through adversity CLEMENT ONG ALTHOUGH the recently concluded Manchester derby dominated the headlines, with Manchester City crushing their United rivals 6-1, one should not forget that City constitute only one of the two currently unbeaten clubs in the league. The other club holding this unblemished record is, surprisingly, Newcastle United. At the moment, Newcastle are sitting pretty at fourth, behind Manchester Cit y, Manchester United and Chelsea. This comes as a surprise to many, since the club was embroiled in turmoil at the start of the season. Firstly, midﬁelder Joey Barton controversially demanded to be transferred out due to what he claimed was a lack of ambition within the club’s leadership. Moreover, the club lost two inf luential players, namely excaptain Kevin Nolan and defender José Enrique, to West Ham United and Liverpool respectively. They also searched in vain for a successor to the proliﬁc Andy Carroll, who moved to Liverpool last season for £35 million (S$70 million). All this meant that Newcastle entered the season in a seemingly
they said that? Oh, my God, that was like two years ago. This is like two years later. Tennis player Serena WIlliams on the 2009 US Open semiﬁnal incident where she threatened to choke a lineswoman with a tennis ball.
GOAL DELIGHT: Cheik Tioté (far left) celebrates his late match goal against Arsenal.
shambolic state. But they have so far confronted any doubts over their ability with an impressive run of results which saw them climb up the table. Of particular note is the team’s defensive solidity this season, which saw them conceding just six goals in nine matches so far. This stands in stark contrast to last season, when they leaked goals throughout the campaign, including heavy defeats to Bolton Wanderers and Stoke City. Newcastle have also been play-
ing more like a unit this season. This could be credited to the dynamic central midﬁeld pairing of Yohan Cabaye and Cheik Tioté. Cabaye, a French midfielder signed from French champions Lille, was a seamless ﬁt into the team, and struck up an understanding with the more defensively minded Tioté. The results that have followed show a team that allies a solid backline with a healthy dose of ﬁnesse in attack. But as impressive as Newcastle’s form has been thus far, the stron-
PHOTO | INTERNET
gest team they have faced is arguably, Arsenal. It r e m a i n s to b e s e e n i f Newcastle have the pedigree to challenge the likes of Manchester United, City and Chelsea, whom they will face in three consecutive weeks at the end of this year. But if Newcastle remain galvanised, and continue to maintain a high level of performance in the league, the Toon Army could rise from obscurity, to possibly challenging the Europa League, or even a Champions League spot.
I ve had the worst year. So if you expect me to be all happy doolally after a race like that you re not going to hear it. F1 driver Lewis Hamilton after ﬁnishingg second in Korea.
Medals to rule them all XAVIER KOO IT COMES as no surprise that in a results-driven society like Singapore, the viability of a sport is determined almost entirely on its medal-winning potential. This was shown when Singapore Table Tennis Association (STTA) Chief Lee Bee Wah was questioned for fielding two inexperienced youths—Isabelle Li and Zena Sim— for the 2011 SEA Games in November. Lee nominated the two in hope of developing the youngsters who were just entering their professional phase. The Singapore National Olympic Council (SNOC) subsequently rejected the nomination on grounds that the selection of world-class female players like Feng Tianwei, Wang Yuegu and Li Jiawei, world ranked fourth, ninth and 18th respectively, should take precedence. In the quest to use our best athletes for international competitions, we have overlooked the painful reality that this over-emphasis on sporting excellence has spread to multiple levels in Singapore. In our relentless pursuit of glory, we have neglected the larger beneﬁts of sports for young people. Sporting competitions develop character, and through these ex-
GRAPHIC | WEE JIA HUI
periences, participants learn intangible qualities like fair play and humility in the face of defeat. Unfortunately, these beneﬁts are now only conferred only upon the privileged, medal-worthy few. At the amateur level, the pursuit of results is unrelenting. Schools pride themselves on their niche sports and actively recruit players through the Direct School Admission (DSA) scheme to enhance their teams. Schools like Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Raff les Institution and Saint Andrew’s, for example, are constantly placed among the top three for rugby
at the national level and attract hordes of DSA candidates. T h r oug h DSA , se cond a r y schools can admit anywhere from ﬁve per cent of their annual intake, to a staggering 100 per cent. Unsurprisingly, the environment of results-motivated competition leaves out equally passionate, but relatively undeveloped, athletes. And like their professional counterparts, they are usually relegated to mere bench-warmers. Findings by the Straits Times in 2006 showed that, on average, only 15 per cent of students make the team. The result? Some defect to other sports or even worse, quit entirely.
This problem is aggravated in schools with limited spots reserved for those who are deemed “good enough”. Similarly, budding athletes in the international arena need their fair share of competition experience. This will aid their overall development as professional athletes, helping them deal with the reality of competitive sports—the stress, the stakes, even the defeats—that they will inevitably face. The pursuit of sporting excellence inadvertently favours established rather than budding athletes. Ms Sum Chee Wah, director of Education Programmes Division at the Ministry of Education, told the Straits Times in 2008: “Students with potential will represent their school in competitions and be groomed by the National Sports Association (NSA). “Many of our national athletes were ﬁrst exposed to sports via cocurricular activities and inter-school games competition.” Does this mean that the less talented will never get competition experience? It may seem obvious enough but we must realise that there is more to competition than just winning. Until the day we stop our obsession with results and start thinking about athletes, the chase for sporting excellence has gone too far.
GRAPHIC | WEE WE JIA HUI
I ve scored d goals at grounds where there wasn t even a crowd behind the goal. There was nothing apart from grass, trees or houses. Norwich City winger Anthony Pilkington on his pre-BPL football experiences.
If Liverpool want to ruin the Premier League and rip the heart out of English football, this is the way to go about it. Wigan Athletic chairman Dave Whelan on Liverpool’s idea of negotiating their own overseas television rights.
sports proďŹ le
Handball newbie now a champ AVRIL HONG
Handball in Singapore
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SH E mistook handball for an entirely different sport just two years ago. But this did not stop Rose Tan from eventually excelling in t he spor t and lead ing t he N T U womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ha ndba l l tea m to v ic tor y at t he Si ngap or e University Games (SUniG) this year, where they triumphed over powerhouse NUS. The 22-year-old picked up h a nd ba l l i n ad v e r te nt l y t wo years ago at a clinic organised by students from the School of Physical Education and Spor t Science (PESS). She had conf used t he rules of handball with that of Tchoukballâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;another spor t she was playing around the same time back then. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The coach and my seniors kept laugh ing at me because I kept forgetting I should not bounce the ball before scoring (as per Tchoukball rules) in my first handball match,â&#x20AC;? said the t hird-year Spor t Science and Management student.
â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes key players can get a little arrogant and snobbish, but Rose is very down-toearthâ&#x20AC;? NTUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s handball coach Wong Shin Yee
Ta n , who a l s o play e d basketball competitively during her secondary school days, felt the variety of sports she played made it difficult for her to pick up a new game. She said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more difficult to learn a new sport when youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re older because your muscles have developed in a certain way for your current sport. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more, handball was a sport I had never heard of while I was in primary and secondary school.â&#x20AC;? Despite being new to handball at the time, Tan went on to represent N T U in 2009. She also tried to make up for lost time by embracing training opportunities. As captain of the womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s handball team, Tan trained with t he playe r s t hat r epr esented Singapore at the Youth Olympic Ga me s ( YOG ) a nd r ece ived scor i ng t ips f rom t he tea mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coaches. B u t t he h i g h l i g ht of he r experiences was at a training e x p e d i t i on t o t h e N a t i on a l Ta iwan Un iver sit y in Ta ipei, where she discovered a new side to handball. She said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;It was in Taiwan
POISED TO SCORE: In just two years, Rose Tan has risen to become a crucial part of the NTU handball team. PHOTO | WONG JING YING
where I realised that handball is such a beautiful game.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Their players defend so fast and attack so gracefully that it was an inspiration to train with them.â&#x20AC;? Perhaps the reason for her success as team captain is her belief in the overall well-being of players. Tanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coach Wong Shin Yee, 25, who has coached at NTU for three years, said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Rose builds the team in aspects that I cannot. She has a deep understanding of tea m d y na m ic s a nd t he i r challenges.â&#x20AC;? She added: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes key players can get a little arrogant and snobbish but Rose is ver y
down-to-earth. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s how she gained the teamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s respect.â&#x20AC;? Tan is so dedicated to her handball team that school work takes a back seat at times. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I pract ica lly push my projects aside during competition season,â&#x20AC;? Tan admitted. â&#x20AC;&#x153; S o f a r, I â&#x20AC;&#x2122; v e b e e n l u c k y to have group member s who understand that I will focus on projects after my games.â&#x20AC;? W h i le Ta n i s c on s i d e r e d a recent conver t to handball, it was t he t h r i l l of lea r n i ng something new that motivated her to excel in the sport. And this desire to learn still motivates Tan, who also added
t hat she is sti ll lear ning t he ropes. She explained: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am still trying to understand some grey areas in handball rules that are very complicated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes when we shoot, defenders might block us in a way that would usually result in a foul but referees might see it as a good defence.â&#x20AC;? But in spite of a seemingly slow start, Wong feels Tan will make a valuable player in the local handball scene with time. Wong said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;She really has a lot of potential and is only just beginning to blossom. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I expect to see great things from her in the future.â&#x20AC;?
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Raise your arm to block your opponent’s shooting arm while keeping your weight on the back foot.
2 Twist your upper body to the right placing the ball on the ﬂoor.
Lie on the ﬂoor while holding a ball over your torso with both hands.
1 Transfer your weight to the front foot and nudge your nonblocking arm against your opponent’s hip to block her.
3 Repeat on the other side.
Rain fails to dampen street spirit
Wounded hand no obstacle for champ
+8$1* 6+8481 &+8$ <8;8$1
PHOTO | WONG JING YING
THE NTU Street Challenge 2011 organised by the NTU Sports Club took place at the Sports and Recreation Centre (S&RC) on October 22nd. It boasted a total of six sports: soccer, handball, frisbee, captain’s ball, ﬂoorball and handball. Despite delays caused by poor weather, the organisers had contingency plans in place. “We were not caught off guard (by the weather). Since most of the events only took five to 10 minutes to set up, the captain ball teams were agreeable to move indoors,” said Ling Siew
Kwong, 21, the event’s chairperson and a first-year student at Nanyang Business School. For some, the competition was an opportunity for cross-cultural friendships. “It was an exciting experience because we got to play against footballers from Norway,” said Nur Hidayat, 21, a thirdyear student from the School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences and a ﬁnalist in the football event. “The event had many participants from different countries and I made some new friends today.”
A N INJ U R ED hand was not enough to stop Rober t Gorczakowski. The f irst-year American exchange student at Nanyang Business School (NBS), 20, stormed to victor y at the men’s singles f inals of the NT U Tennis Open Championships. He beat Romain Delon, 22, a first-year exchange student at NBS, 6-1, 7-6 to clinch the title. “I had to tape up my f inger half way through the finals match, but I did not let it affect me at all,” said Gorczakowski. “In the end, I just stuck to my game and held out to the end. Barely.” Held from October 10th to 24th, this year’s NT U Tennis Open Championships featured the biggest r un of the annual event ever. The event garnered a record total of 108 par ticipants competing in four categories—the Men’s Singles and Doubles, as well as the Women’s Singles and Doubles. PHOTO | WAN ZHONG HAO
Show of strength at tennis open – Page 39
NTU overall 2nd in SUniG Sports 9 Ball Pool Aquathlon Badminton Basketball Bowling Cricket Cross Country Handball Netball Rugby 7s Soccer Squash Swimming VICTORY HUG: The NTU men's football team faced an uphill battle in their title defence.
LAI JUNJIE SPORTS EDITOR I T WA S a l mos t a n a l l N T U and NUS (National University of Si n g a p or e ) a f f a i r at t h e Si ngapore Un iver sit y Ga mes (SUniG) this year, with the longtime rivals clashing in as many ﬁnals. But despite the good showing t h i s y e a r, N T U d r o p p e d t o second place among the four universities at the games, which la s te d f r om Aug u s t 27t h to October 8th, losing out to NUS by a single championship gold medal. N US won the overall title w it h 13 c h a mpion s h ip gold medals, edging out NTU's 12. NTU were SUniG champions last year after trailing behind NUS for four years.
M s S h e r y l L o w, D e p u t y D i r e c tor of t h e Sp or t s a nd Recreation Centre, was pleased with the efforts of NTU’s athletes. She said: “There are always ups and downs and we cannot be champions in every sport we take part in. “SUniG was created to give oppor t u n it ies for st udent s from all the universities to get involved and come together, so winning fewer golds does not mean we are worse off.” Despite coming in second, Ms Low and NTU’s SUniG athletes poi nted out com mendable performances by several teams in the games. The NTU men’s football team was one such example that put in a notewor thy performance during the games. T he team suffered a poor start in their ﬁrst match, falling
THIS IS NTU!: The men's volleyball team were a dominating presence, winning all their matches. PHOTO | LAM ZHAO YAO
PHOTO | COURTESY OF JOSIAS TEO
to Si ngapor e M a nage me nt University (SMU) 4-1. A s t h e c om p e t i t i on w a s played in a round robin format, this meant that NTU had to win their ﬁnal match against NUS by a minimum four goal difference to retain the title. Salvation for the team arrived in the form of a goal during injury time in the match against NUS, when a strike from forward Hasbullah Johari allowed them to win the match 4-0. This enabled NTU to snatch the gold from SMU and retain the men’s football title. “We wanted to defend our title so badly that we psyched ourselves up and gave everything we had in that match (against NUS),” said captain Aidil Osman, 23. T he s e c ond-y e a r s t ude nt f r om t he Na nya ng Bu si ne s s School added: “I was ut terly speechless when that ﬁnal goal came in at the last minute. “I cou ld n’t say a ny t h i ng while the whole team went crazy celebrating. It was unreal.” Others like the touch football women’s team contr ibuted to t he sha re of gold meda ls a s well. T h e gold w a s e s p e c i a l l y sweet for t he tea m who had played second f iddle to N US a n d Si n g a p or e I n s t i t u t e of Management (SIM) for the past three years at SUniG. “Ou r ph i losophy at ever y competition is to go in with no fear and just do it,” said touch football captain, Jolene Tan, 23, a final-year student from National Institute of Education.
Table Tennis Tennis Touch Football Ultimate Frisbee Volleyball Waterpolo
Mixed Men Women Mixed Men Women Men Women Men Men Women Men Women Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Women Mixed Men Women Men
Overall Champion NUS NTU SIM NTU NTU NTU SIM SMU NUS NTU NUS NUS NTU NUS NUS SIM NTU NTU NTU NUS SMU NUS NUS NTU NUS NUS NTU SMU NTU NUS NUS
1st: NUS 2nd: NTU 3rd: SMU 4th: SIM
13 12 3 3
ALL THE WAY UP: Their championship gold was a long anticipated victory for the touch football women's team. PHOTO | COURTESY OF ASHLEY MAK