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New Media Village opens in NTU with 3D immersive experiences and cutting edge simulation.

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An NTU-developed solar car beat more established teams like that from MIT and Cambridge when it travelled more than 2,000 km over six days in a solar racing competition, which started on October 16th and was held in Australia. The Nanyang Venture 5, developed by an 11-strong team, came in 14th at the Veolia World Solar Challenge.

NTU is collaborating with industry players and world-renowned research partners on a multidisciplinary venture, the Joint Industry Programme in Offshore Renewables. This collaboration aims to develop efficient and effective wind and marine power generation systems. The programme will have over twenty-five projects over the next three years, such as offshore wind turbines and other sea-based power generation research.



Led by Dr Tan Ee Leng and Assoc Prof Gan Woon-Seng from the School of Electrical & Electronic Engineering, their innovation, Immersive Soundscape took the “Best of Show” (Blue Ribbon Award) at the TechVenture Innovation Awards 2011. The innovation demonstrated the ability to reproduce 3D sound effects from conventional sound inputs with applications in the media and gaming industry.

NTU’s Nanyang Business School has maintained its 69th position in The Economist magazine’s global rankings of MBA programmes, and is ranked third in Asia. Strong ratings for education experience and increasing new career opportunities have helped NBS maintain its position. NBS admits about 80 full-time MBA students and about 40 part-time students annually.

NTU, A*STAR RESEARCHERS DEVELOP HIGHLY EFFICIENT AND CHEAP SILICON SOLAR CELLS The new thin-film silicon solar cells are made from cheaper, lowgrade silicon and yet are able to generate electricity currents comparable to costly, high-quality silicon solar cells. Developed by NTU and A*STAR Institute of Microelectronics (IME), the new cells were created using nanostructure technology. With this development, the researchers hope to halve the costs of solar energy.

CHILDCARE CENTRES INTRODUCE SUPPORT STAFF APPOINTMENTS The Ministry of Community Development, Youth and Sports (MCYS) announced that childcare centres can now hire “para-educators” and “para-educarers” to aid childcare teachers in the development of children. This change will take effect from January 1st next year. In a statement released by MCYS, these new appointments will help teachers to “provide greater instructional attention for children who require additional support”. SLOWING EMPLOYMENT GROWTH



The world’s first theme park ride based on the sci-fi franchise Transformers will open its doors to the public at Universal Studios Singapore, on December 3rd 2011. The ride will feature 12 scenes, 3D digital media, blending sets and special effects. Michael Bay—director of the movies—will celebrate the ride’s world premiere at an exclusive party on December 2nd.

As the public display of Gaddafi’s body ended, and more details of his last moments alive were revealed through the gruesome video recorded by one of the rebels who captured him, there were mixed reactions about what the brutal treatment of the deposed dictator might mean for Libya’s future. Rights groups called Gaddafi’s death a potential war crime. Arab journalists and bloggers noted that GaDuffy’s end was similar to the fate suffered by Benito Mussolini and Nicolae Ceausescu, two notorious European dictators.


The Monetary Authority of Singapore (MAS) announced that employment growth is expected to slow down later this year, as the economy cools. MAS stated that job cuts have already been noted in the financial and trade-related sector. This is related to the weakening global growth. Unemployment rate in Singapore rose from 1.9 per cent in the previous quarter, to 2.1 per cent in three months ending June 2011.

China has been known for political censorship, but for years the Communist Party has tolerated a creeping liberalisation in popular culture. Chinese leaders proposed new limits on media and Internet freedoms that include some of the most restrictive measures in years. Major television stations were ordered to broadcast two hours of state approved news every evening and to disregard audience ratings in programming decisions. These measures will go into effect on Jan 1st 2012.




At a debate in Parliament, Dr Lam Pin Min, head of the Government Parliamentary Committee for Health, said that Medisave spending should be expanded to cover more outpatient treatments, especially for chronic illnesses. Health industry experts and MPs suggested that the usage of funds be revised yearly to match rising costs in Singapore.

The series of ghastly deaths at Bedok Reservoir have been a cause for concern for many Singaporeans on whether they could be due in part to the influx of immigrants and the detrimental effects of the two casinos. The recent deaths have also sparked discussions over the possible effects on property prices in the vicinity and future developments in the area.

A two-week old baby was pulled out from the wreckage of a building 47 hours after a 7.2 magnitude earthquake struck eastern Turkey. The baby’s mother and grandmother are reportedly still trapped inside the crumbled building, but are believed to be still alive. The official death toll has been put at 366, with about 1,301 injured in the quake.


CROCODILES BREAK FREE IN THAI FLOOD Floodwaters in Bangkok have resulted in crocodiles that have broken loose, menacing the local population. Authorities have warned that crocodiles are swimming through rising floodwaters around the outskirts of Bangkok. Reports state at least 100 broke free last week in Ayutthaya province, north of the capital. Authorities have offered case rewards of 1,000 baht (S$40) for each crocodile caught alive. COMPUTERS IN JAPAN’S PARLIAMENT INFECTED WITH VIRUS In the latest series of mysterious cyber attacks that have raised concerns about leakage of sensitive information. Media reports said that one of three lawmakers accidentally released the virus. This comes a month after Japanese defence contractors revealed that they had also been targets of cyber attacks, which may have been aimed at classified military data. No known classified information has been stolen.

Upcoming Events NTU CAC IMPRESARIO NTU CAC Impresario 2012: Nationwide Talent Search Competition Categories: Vocal Solo, Duet/ Group, Original Composition, Dance Register online now at www. cacimpresario.com! Registration Closes on December 4th 2011. Vocal Auditions in Dec 2011. Dance Audition in Jan 2012. For further enquiry, email enquiry@cacimpresario.com, call Dorothy at 9668 2935 or Dawn at 9199 0143

If you have any exciting events to publicise, please contact us at chronicle@ntu.edu.sg


Interview with the Vice President – Page 5

Outstanding alumni awarded

HAPPY HOMECOMING: WP Secretary General Low Thia Khiang (centre) was inspired by his NTU education to go into politics. PHOTO | WAN ZHONG HAO

1*-81)(1* =+286+,<$ SINGER Stefanie Sun, and Members of Parliament (MP) Teo Ser Luck and Low Thia Khiang shared the stage with other industry leaders, all NTU alumni, at the Nanyang Auditorium to receive the Nanyang Alumni Awards on October 15th.

A total of 34 alumni, the biggest number since the award started in 2005, were awarded for either excelling in their fields, or for their contributions to the university or society. The Awards has four categories: the Nanyang Distinguished Alumni Award, Nanyang Alumni Achievement Award, Nanyang Outstanding

Young Alumni Award and Nanyang Alumni Service Award. Education Minister Heng Swee Keat, the guest-of-honor, attributed the success of NTU to the strong examples set by earlier alumni members, so that future graduates will follow in their footsteps. “In a world of constantly evolving changes, our graduates

must be nimble and adaptable,” he said. They must not only have the confidence and ability to succeed, but must also be deeply rooted to Singapore, so that they can take Singapore forward.” Ms Sun, Mr Low and Mr Teo, who were all awarded the Nanyang Alumni Achievement Award with four others, expressed attachment to their alma mater. “I feel very honored (to receive the award) and also hope to work together (with the university) in the future to promote NTU,” said Ms Sun, who graduated in 2000 from the Nanyang Business School. Ms Sun was awarded for her achievements in the entertainment industry, both locally and internationally. About 100 fans at the ceremony cheered and chanted her name as she took to the stage to receive her award. Some even managed to get her autograph during the reception. “I feel that education helps you to mature in your thinking and helps you to see things in a different light,” Ms Sun said. Mr Low, Secretary General of the Workers Party, agreed with Ms Sun. Mr Low, who graduated in 1980 with an Arts degree, was awarded for his role of providing an alternative voice for the

people in Singapore’s political scene. According to him, his education sparked off his political thinking, which shaped his ideals of democracy. “I was particularly inspired by a lecturer who had a deep knowledge of political systems and I listened intently to his lectures. He taught me how to look at politics in a different light,” he added. Mr Teo, Minister of State of Trade and Industry, said that his education at Nanyang Business School helped in his current line of work as it developed his understanding of business and economics. “What it teaches you is to understand how to see an issue and come up with the solution. Issue changes everyday and what NTU teaches you is how to solve those problems,” he said. “That is the biggest advantage.” It was the second time Mr Teo was present at the Nanyang Alumni Awards, having received the Nanyang Outstanding Young Alumni Award last year. At the ceremony, NTU president Professor Bertil Andersson also revealed that eight in 10 students from the class of 2011 made a graduation gift to NTU, which he said is a sign of the growing sense of identification among younger alumni with NTU.

Everest Mountaineer: redefine the impossible 0$/&2/0.2+ WHEN NTU Alumna Lee Peh Gee and her five women friends declared their goal of climbing Mount Everest, they were laughed at. But, that only made them more determined. “People laugh in disbelief when they cannot comprehend something so impossible,” said Singapore Armed Forces Major (MAJ) Lee Peh Gee, who was part of the Singapore Women’s Everest Team. She eventually stood on the 8,850m summit on May 22, 2009. “When you finally go and do it, you have redefined what they previously thought was possible or impossible,” the 35-year-old told a packed audience of students at the Nanyang Auditorium on October 12th. The seminar was the highlight of eFEST 2011 with the theme of ‘Learning is Everywhere’. The annual event, running in its fourth year, aims to promote the use of e-Learning tools and resources among NTU students. MAJ Lee said that learning does

not only come from books, but also from various life experiences. “I want to let others know that it is possible to pursue a dream,” she said. One important step to take is to step out of comfort zones, even when the outside world seems scary and dangerous, said MAJ Lee. During the expedition, she would wake up in her tent to hear it flapping violently at times. After all, Mount Everest is known for its notorious wind speeds of up to 100 kilometers per hour and the temperature could dip as low as negative 40 degree celsius. “The storm always seemed worse from inside the tents,” said MAJ Lee. “But the storm outside may be nothing more than the regular winds we normally encounter.” “The moment you get out, you are just one step closer to your goal,” she said. The climb to Mt Everest’s peak from their base camp took the team about four days, and preparation for their climb took five years, where the team did stair-

case training at 30-storey HDB flats. MAJ Lee revealed that in t he road up to their expedition, all of them had to double up as marketers, fundraisers, public relation managers and public speakers so as to raise funds for their cause. She said that her education in NTU helped her in that aspect. “It was similar to the time when I was a hospitality and tourism management undergraduate balancing my eight months practicum and studies," she said. "I managed to do a hotel project and my own final year project then." MAJ Lee’s speech inspired Joel Gan, a third-year Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering (MAE) student, in pursuing his dreams of achieving a “big feat” like that someday. Also, he felt that MAJ Lee’s experiences could be applied to his goal of setting up a business. “There will be multiple problems along the way, so the best thing is to never give up and always keep trying,” he said. Daniella Ng, a former national

PURSUE YOUR DREAMS: MAJ Lee Peh Gee, speaking at a seminar for eFEST 2011, urged students PHOTO | MALCOLM KOH to conquer their own Mount Everest.

sailor also found the determination of the team particularly inspiring. “It motivates me to set out some goals for myself to attain during my four years here,” said the first-year student from Sports Science and Management. For Ashekan Hosseinloo, the most memorable part of the semi-

nar was when MAJ Lee challenged the audience to overcome their own Mount Everest. “It was a physical thing for them, but could be other things for us as well,” said the graduate student currently pursuing a masters in MAE. Everyone has an Everest.”




GREEN CONSCIENCE: Jeremy Lim (back row, right), his team members and mentor after presenting their project at the National Climate Change Competition. PHOTO | COURTESY OF TONG SIAN CHOO

75,1++2$1*/< A SAIL boat trip and a water bucket three years ago taught undergraduate Jeremy Lim the value of water conservation. Lim survived for 14 days with only half a bucket of water a day to bathe with. The experience taught the 22-year-old that it is possible to live on much less resources than he was used to. “I realised that when I had the options presented by the comfort of modern life, I did not choose to save. Since then I have become uneasy about wasting resources,” said the third-year student from Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information. During the last semester break, Lim collaborated with three other NTU undergraduates to create the ‘Green Seed Initiative’ to encourage Singaporeans to conserve energy and water consumption. The project won first prize in the National Climate Change Competition Lim is one of many NTU students who have become more involved in green initiatives.

The environmental club also reported collecting a record amount of recyclables at the end of the last academic year during its annual recycling drive. It collected 2,670kg of paper from 16 recycling bins across campus as opposed to 800kg the year before and just 420kg in 2009. According to them, the spike in collection shows that more students now know that their belongings can be recycled, instead of simply being thrown away. While some chose to do their part via Earthlink NTU, others chose to take up initiatives more in their areas of expertise. Another student who joined an eco competition is Nelson Tan Yan Cong, 20. The first-year student from the School of Art, Design and Media was among the 12 finalists in the National Environment Agency Eco Music Challenge 2011. For him, raising awareness on being environmentally friendly is a form of eco-friendliness in itself. “Caring for the environment is everyone’s responsibility and we can all use different means to

do our part. For those who are musically inclined, why not do their part by doing what they do best with music,” he said. He composed a Chinese song titled “Green Environment” to raise awareness about climate change and the importance of the environment. In another initiative, a team of eight NTU students showed their care for the environment by designing and building a fuel-efficient car named Nanyang Venture IV. It not only won the top prize in the diesel fuel category at this year’s Shell Eco Marathon Asia but also won the Off-Track Award for Safety. Team member Kuganeshan Ganesamoorthy, a third-year student from the School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering, said: “Until people completely accept alternative energy sources, fossil fuel will be used extensively.”

“Caring for the environment is everyone’s responsiblity." Nelson Tan Yan Cong First-year student School of Art, Design & Media

He added that it is important to ensure fuel efficiency in cars so that we can reduce our carbon footprint. Vice-president of Earthlink NTU, Nandita Beri, 19, said the increase in student participation is simply a result of increasingly visible consequences of climate change such as change in weather patterns, shortage of water and food in many countries. The third-year student from the School of Chemical and Biomedical Sciences said: “Not only is climate change and the environment a pressing global issue, it’s become an individual concern.”

“When I had the options presented by the comfort of modern life, I did not choose to save." Jeremy Lim Third-year student Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information

Earthlink NTU has reported an increased participation in its initiatives this academic year. Its membership increased by 30 per cent this year alone.

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TEST DRIVE: NTU students won the top prize at this year’s Shell Eco-Marathon Asia with their fuel-efficient car. PHOTO | COURTESY OF NTU VENTURE IV TEAM

A meeting of minds

FREE IDEAS: Entrepreneur Wong Meng Weng intriguing students with an iPhone PHOTO | NG JUN SEN application demonstration.

1*-816(1 STEVE Jobs may have passed on, but the legacy of his foresight and creativity lived on through some 400 participants at a seminar organized by NTU graduates on October 15th. Named TEDxNTU, the seminar held at the Marina Bay Sands Expo and Convention Centre was the largest one so far. TED, a non-profit organisation that hosts idea-sharing conferences, stands for ‘Technology, Entertainment, Design’. But it has since broadened its scope to include talks by accomplished thinkers such as local entrepreneurs, academics and researchers. It boasts people like James Randi and Steve Jobs as its honorary alumni. Vivek Manoharan, 23, assembled his team of graduates to host the seminar after being inspired by watching the riveting TED videos on YouTube. Despite bearing the name of the seminar, official TED organisers played no role in organising the event. Instead, it was Manoharan and his team who brought the seminar to fruition, with the help of funding from NTU’s Student Affairs Office. “TED is all about people coming together, sharing ideas,” said Manoharan, who is currently pursuing a PhD in biomechanics. The speakers were selected based on their remarkable achievements and their ability to inspire others. One of them was entrepreneur Wong Meng Weng, who demonstrated an iPhone application, which could teach users how to order the different permutations of “kopitiam-styled” coffee. Wong is the founder of several technological companies, such as pobox.com,

and organised the TEDxSentosa event in 2009. Other speakers spoke on pursuing ideas, and shared insider tips on how to reach career or personal goals. “This session was about how to dream and succeed. It is for people with ideas, and how if they have the right method, they can make it work,” said Manoharan. Although many in the audience felt inspired after attending the event, some saw room for improvement. Elvin Zhang, a second-year student from Nanyang Business School, said that the session had given him a lot of good ideas. But the 22-year-old felt that the speakers could have been more energetic, as the seven hour long seminar could wear some listeners out. Others, like School of Computer Engineering undergraduate Arun Puraiswamy, 22, felt that while the event was not on the same level as global TED events, there was still value to such seminars as they are important to the places where the TED conferences do not officially visit. “The talk could be made specific to the younger generation, such as NTU students,” he said. On hearing such feedback, Manoharan admitted that TEDxNTU is still at its starting stage. “We’re still growing, and the main TED event also started off like this.” He intends to make it a biannual event, and promised “an enhanced experience” in the future, which he said would depend on future selected speakers. But the essential message of TEDxNTU will still be unchanged. “Have an idea. Life is all about ideas, good ideas, bad ideas, doesn’t matter. Just follow it,” he said.

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GOING GLOBAL: Professor Er Meng Hwa ensures students are prepared for the international stage through partnerships with external institutions.

Go international, stay competitive 178 V9LFH3UHVLGHQWLQ FKDUJHRI,QWHUQDWLRQDO $IIDLUVZDQWVVWXGHQWVWR EHJOREDOFLWL]HQV Q: What does your position as Vice President in charge of International Affairs entail? A: As Vice President for International Affairs, I work closely with the senior management team to shape and carry out NTU’s international agenda of ensuring that our students are well prepared for life and careers that will increasingly have an international dimension, and to enable the university to effectively compete on the world stage for the best students and faculty. As ideas and knowledge in every field become international, being at the cutting edge of higher education and research requires a strong dialogue with our peer institutions in other countries. This means that NTU needs to enhance our reputation as a choice partner with top international universities and organisations. This is another important part of my job. Our partnerships range from strategic education and research collaborations, to joint undergraduate and graduate degrees, and international undergraduate and graduate student exchanges. Q: How can NTU students prepare themselves to be global talents? A: The world is increasingly becoming more connected and interdependent. To succeed in the working world in the future, NTU students need to have a cosmopoli-

tan mindset and they must be prepared to meet the challenges of working with people of different nationalities and expertise. This requires our students to cultivate their cultural intelligence and gain the right skills and global exposure, so that they can effectively engage and work with teams anywhere in the world. Currently, one in two students, or 50 per cent of the graduating cohort, participate in various programmes to grow their global exposure and competence. NTU’s new Office of Global Education and Mobility aims to raise this participation rate to 70 per cent, so that more students can gain from a global educational experience even though they are studying in Singapore. Q: Apart from an affiliation with China by setting up a campus there, how else is NTU being internationalised? A: We are developing more opportunities for our students to study and immerse themselves in various overseas environments. We are continuing to attract top international students. Every year, we bring in more than 1,000 international students from our partner universities to spend a semester on our campus. This cultural exchange is an important part of internationalisation. NTU is also stepping up our efforts to seek and enhance collaborative agreements with the best universities around the world. We have established joint graduate and PhD programmes with renowned universities, like

Imperial College London and the Technical University of Munich. NTU is also an active player in GlobalTech, the network of the world’s top technological universities chaired by NTU President Prof Bertil Andersson. We are also expanding our involvement in China and India, as well as other regional networks and alliances. Our overseas alumni are a valuable resource in these efforts, and I look forward to cultivating deeper ties with them. NTU has established more than 30 international alumni chapters to network with our alumni and potential partners.

“We are developing more opportunities for our students to study and immerse themselves in various overseas environments." We have also been offering international executive programmes to professionals and senior officials from the region to be trained on NTU’s campus. Q: How are international industrial partners encouraged to set up research facilities in NTU? And how will this benefit students? A: NTU has established a number of joint labs with our strategic international industrial partners on campus such as BOSCH and THALES. NTU is also Rolls-


Royce’s University Technology Centre. Through these joint collaborations, our industrial partners are able to tap on NTU’s expertise in the form of our talented faculty and students and our world-class facilities. At the same time, our students and faculty benefit from the opportunity to work with leading private sector researchers on complex and challenging reallife systems. By working together on projects, they are also able to access the latest state-of-the art technology and better understand emerging trends. Q: Which international figure do you look up to and why? A: Our former Prime Minister Lee Kuan Yew. Under his visionary leadership, he has transformed Singapore from a third world country to first world status in just one generation. Singapore’s development and transformation as a nation is a miracle to many people around the world and has drawn admiration from many state leaders. I come from a humble background and my late father was a hawker. I owe my success largely to Singapore’s system. Q: Which aspects of international affairs would you like to highlight during your tenure as Vice President in charge of International Affairs? A: I intend to work with our colleagues in the colleges and schools to provide more global educational programmes and opportunities for our students. I also aim to achieve the new target of 70 per cent participation rate during my tenure. At the same time, I will be working closely with President, Provost and other senior colleagues to help raise NTU’s international profile and reputation through various alliances and networks. This would also help raise NTU’s visibility and improve NTU’s global rankings. Q: How relevant is geographical

borders in your opinion? A: Geographical borders are still relevant in the modern world for countries to protect their sovereignty. However, the changing global environment in the fields of communication and information, trade and finance, politics and security, and science and technology has created new opportunities and challenges. In the globalised economy, top talents whose skills, experience and expertise transcend borders will be highly sought after by employers in many countries.

“I come from a humble background and my late father was a hawker. I owe my success to a large part to Singapore's system." Q: Which is your favourite canteen in NTU? A: I like to take Subway and Japanese food for lunch when I am on campus. Q: What do you do in your free time? A: I like to read, especially books on leadership and management, I Ching, and Human Brain Research. I am also a keen golfer and a Chinese classical song crooner. I practice my golf swing at the driving range 3 to 5 times a week as a form of exercise and relaxation. I have developed a technique called “PID” which stands for “Posture, Inertia and Dynamics” for my golf swing which has proven good enough to win the 3rd position in NTU’s President Golf Challenge 2009. I sing occasionally. I won the championship in NTU’s Talentime in 1989.



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Try clothes on your virtual "self"

DOWN THE RUNWAY: Models like these may become obsolete with the interactive digital technologies. PHOTO | WAN ZHONG HAO

=+286+,<$ THE next time you shop for clothes online, you may no longer have to worry whether your purchase ďŹ ts you. Instead, you will be able to see how the clothes ďŹ t on your virtual â&#x20AC;&#x153;bodyâ&#x20AC;? from your computer screen, before making a decision. This is possible with a new invention, due to be launched in four to six months' for online shops. Called the Virtual Fashion &

Clothes Simulation technology, it was one of many interactive digital media inventions showcased in NTUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s New Media Village at the Institute of Media Innovation (IMI) on October 12th and 13th. These inventions were the result of a collaboration among the different disciplines in NTU such as computer engineering, mechanical engineering and psychology. The Virtual Fashion & Clothes Simulation technology was de-

veloped by Professor Nadia Thalmann, the director of IMI. All you have to do is key in your body size into any website which has the technology embedded, and you will see a virtual â&#x20AC;&#x153;youâ&#x20AC;? strutting around, clad in the apparel of your choice. Professor Thalmann said that this technology will help customers avoid the disappointment of purchasing ill-ďŹ tting clothes from online retailers in the future. â&#x20AC;&#x153;While the application is still in its prototype phase, its real value lies in bringing such a 3-D virtual environment directly into the design industryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s production process, helping to shorten design cycle times and cut physical sample costs,â&#x20AC;? she added. Designers would also beneďŹ t from the technology, as they will be able to try their designs on the virtual models. â&#x20AC;&#x153;This will revolutionise the fashion industry as it would help designers save on materials and money, reduce time spent on marketing, and cut the industryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s carbon footprint, making for a more sustainable planet,â&#x20AC;? said Professor Thalmann. Other highlights unveiled at IMI included the 3-D Immersive

Room, MAVEN (Mobile Avatar for Virtual Engagement by NTU) and the Crowd Simulator. MAVEN is a remote-controlled device on wheels, with Internet and mobile video conferencing capabilities. It is different from normal video conferencing devices as it provides a 180-degree view of the surroundings of the person you are speaking to through its three overhead cameras. Visitors can also fully immerse themselves in a virtual world with the Immersive Room. Measuring 10m by 10m, the room features a curved projection screen wall that stretches almost 360 degrees all around. The Immersive Room is equipped with infrared emitters, high-end projectors, stereoscopic lightweight 3-D glasses, position trackers and computer graphics. It has been used in applications such as the Pink Dolphin Simulation, a joint effort between IMI researchers and the Underwater World Singapore. The simulation aims to help autistic children improve their communication and learning skills through interaction with virtual dolphins, as research has shown that they respond and in-

teract well with dolphins. Using Kinect technology, the same used in Xbox consoles, the dolphins in the simulation move according to a userâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s hand movements. Dr Noel Chia, Assistant Professor with the Early Childhood & Special Needs Education Academic Group, explained that this simulation could potentially be a cost-effective tool to improve interaction skills in autistic children, given the high costs of conducting Dolphin Assisted Therapy with live dolphins. On display was also the Crowd Simulator, which helps to predict human behavior during emergency evacuations by allowing the user to control a virtual avatar using hand gestures and guide other virtual characters in the direction he wants them to follow. Professor Thalmann believes that the multi-disciplinary collaborations have played a signiďŹ cant role in contributing to IMIâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s research discoveries. She said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;This is a multi-disciplinary initiation with professors and students from different schools, linking arts and hard science. This is a new image for NTU now.â&#x20AC;?


Expand your horizons with a Maritime career

GLOBETROTTER: Francis Lau has travelled to far off countries such as Denmark on business trips. PHOTO | TAN WEI ZHENG





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(CANTEEN 11) WATCHING Mr Nasir Bin Ali chatter with his customers, you can hardly tell he only took over the business four months ago. His passion for his stall is expressed through his regular prompts for feedback from his customers to ensure that their expectations are met. â&#x20AC;&#x153;First and foremost, I [enjoy] meeting people. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t really regard [students] as my customers, I regard them as my friends,â&#x20AC;? said Mr Nasir. Though born in Singapore, Mr Nasir remains conďŹ dent about the authenticity and taste of his food. He picked up the trade from his Moroccan uncle who taught him how to make the stallâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature kebab. This stall is hard to miss with Quâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ran prayers playing in the background and the aroma of kebab wafting from it during busy hours. While many may know it as the western stall, it is not the typical stall selling your usual chicken chop and spaghetti. A closer look will ďŹ nd a menu peppered with varied Middle Eastern or Moroccan inďŹ&#x201A;uences. The stall is in fact, an extension of his family business, ElHassan ~Taste of Morocco, a F&B business partly owned by his Moroccan uncle. Mr Nasir believes that the skills his uncle imparted to him have allowed him to prepare high quality Moroccan food which could rival that of a native cook.

He revealed that Arab students regularly buy his Kebab, which he says is a sign of its authentic taste. The 38-year-old stallholder picked up his passion for cooking from helping his mother in the kitchen when he was young.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;I don't really regard students as my customers, I regard them as my friends." Mr Nasir Bin Ali Stallholder El-Hassan ~ Taste of Morocco

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Initially, I was not interested at all but I ended up in the kitchen with my mother and had to help her. In the process, I learnt a bit about cooking, and [my interest] grew and developed,â&#x20AC;? he said. His current job is a completely different scope of work from his previous job as a safety engineer at Exxon Mobil. Asked if he likes the job switch, he said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m passionate about cooking, I love food and I think the hall 10 and 11 students are very lucky people. They have a lot of good food here.â&#x20AC;? MANNA KOREAN CUISINE (CANTEEN 13) AFTER a six-year work attachment as a branch manager for Hyundai in Singapore, Mr David

Sin decided to make a permanent shift here in 1999 and dived into the food business for his familyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sake. â&#x20AC;&#x153;My family wanted to stayâ&#x20AC;Ś because if we return to Korea then maybe the education system will be different. I wanted to allow my children to continue studying in Singapore so I resigned,â&#x20AC;? said the 56-year-old. He opened his stall in the revamped Canteen 13 in July 2006, at the suggesiton of the canteen owner who had heard of Mr Sin's restuarant business, to attract Korean food-lovers. The food stall was hailed as a must-try by Felicia Chin and Dasmond Koh, hosts of Channel U food programme, Campus Yummy Hunt. The native Korean is also the owner of Manna Korean Restaurant and his Korean food can also be found at Telok Ayer Street and Takashimaya Food Village. Many of Mr Sinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ingredients such as his special sauce are imported from Korea to preserve authenticity. Some of the food is also prepared at the restaurant by their Korean chef before being sent to NTU. Despite the cost, Mr Sin continues to keep his food affordable at the canteen outlet; prices are half or a quarter of their usual rates. $3.80 can get you a piping hot bowl of their popular bibimbap and soup. He said. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Our workers give big portions [and] the price is low but quality is not compromised. So pretty much everyone can enjoy Korean food.â&#x20AC;? SPECIAL XI'AN NOODLES (CANTEEN 9)

SAY KIMCHI: Mr David Sin outside Manna Korean Restaurant, one of the chain of stalls he owns selling authentic Korean food. PHOTOS | GOH CHAY TENG

her family of six, and the stall is kept open for business everyday except for the three days of Chinese New Year. Her husband often comes by to help her at the stall. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not an easy job. Usually we wake up at 5, 6am or sometimes, even 3 or 4am just to prepare food.â&#x20AC;? The time depends on the quantity of food that Mrs Xu has to prepare for the next day. All her noodles and dumplings have to be traditionally handmade with pure ďŹ&#x201A;our everyday. â&#x20AC;&#x153;When you talk about Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an food, you are really talking about our noodles," she said "Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an noodles are very special in that they are made of pure

ďŹ&#x201A;our and they can be very thick in texture." â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s not like your normal mee pok or mee kia. Our noodles have to be consumed fresh within the day or it will become fermented, which is why we need so much time to prepare the food everyday.â&#x20AC;? She also sells traditional cold side dishes like cold tossed seasoned shredded potatos, cold tossed seaweed, and marinated cucumber to accompany the noodles. Speaking of hometown food, she shared that â&#x20AC;&#x153;the famous director, Zhang Yimouâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;heâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s also a Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an person. It is known that every ďŹ ve to six days, he must go back home to have a meal.â&#x20AC;?

MRS XU Shuang Zhi, 49, has seen cohorts of graduates come and go in her 15 years selling Chinese fare. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Call it fate,â&#x20AC;? she said when asked why she opened the stall. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I ďŹ rst found this stall when I saw an advertisement while ďŹ&#x201A;ipping through the newspapersâ&#x20AC;? She had been looking for a job, having married a local and migrated to Singapore.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Call it fate... I ďŹ rst found this stall when I saw an advertisement while ďŹ&#x201A;ipping the newspaper." Mrs Xu Shuang Zhi Stallholder Xi'an Specialities

AUTHENTIC TASTE: Mr Nasir's Middle Eastern dishes have a devoted following among Arab students.

Though an accountant back in China, Mrs Xu decided to open a food business due to her poor command of English. For her, Xiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;an Noodles is her bread and butter for supporting

TWIST OF FATE: Mrs Xu was an accountant in China but decided to run a food stall at Canteen 9 after marrying a Singaporean.


Discover Vietnamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s rural charm â&#x20AC;&#x201C; Page 14




QUIET MARINA: Boy Thunder likes Marina Barrage for the gentle breeze that helps even ďŹ rst timers ďŹ&#x201A;y their kites high.



of tranquillity just by watching the sunset or people riding bikes.

BOY THUNDER: The ďŹ rst place that comes to mind is Marina Barrage. My girlfriend brought me there on a date about a year ago, and I thoroughly enjoyed my time chilling out on a picnic mat with a kite in hand.

You can also hear the waves coming in, and the rhythmic crashing of waves onto the sand calms me down and gives me a sense of peace.

Youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ll be amazed at how good you are even if youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re a ďŹ rst time ďŹ&#x201A;yer, thanks to the breeze. Since then, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been hanging out there once a month without fail.

ADAM PIPERDY: I usually go to Changi Beachâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;Bistro@Changi. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been going there for three years. My ex-girlfriendâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s uncle owns the pub there, so we used to hang out there quite a bit. I usually grab a few beers, then take a walk down the beach and admire the lights from the boats.

WHAT IS IT ABOUT THIS PLACE THAT HELPS YOU TO RELAX AND DE-STRESS? BOY THUNDER: The gentle breeze and the escape from the usual Orchard Road crowd. This place has a vast ďŹ eld. Families gather here for picnics and the sky is a picturesque view of kites all over. ADAM PIPERDY: Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a little hard to get here by public transport and that means that not many people get here. It is much quieter and more peaceful than East Coast Park, so you get a sense

Since we host shows for crowds, sometimes we really need to get away from everything, sit down, and listen to the waves coming in. Call me old school but thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s how I like to spend my free time. (Laughs)

WHEN IS THE BEST TIME OF THE DAY TO HANG OUT THERE? BOY THUNDER: From 4.30pm till before it gets too dark. ADAM PIPERDY: I guess watching the sunset is great. And if you happen to ton (stay up for) the night, you can watch the sunrise too.


CHANGI CALM: Changi beach is much quieter and more peaceful than East Coast Park, as itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a little hard to get there by public transport, says Adam. PHOTOS | GOH CHAY TENG, WAN ZHONG HAO, COURTESY OF 91.3FM

time, or at Evolve Mixed Martial Arts, a mixed martial arts gym in Far East Square. Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m there Monday to Friday in the afternoon till early evening, and most of Saturday. I take Muay Thai classes, boxing classes, chat with the people there, and read up on whateverâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interesting that I can use on my radio show in between classes.

WHAT IS IT ABOUT THIS PLACE THAT HELPS YOU TO RELAX AND DE-STRESS? Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s the nice, friendly vibe thereâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;an atmosphere of learning and respect. No matter how good you are, thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s always someone better that you can learn something from. Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a refreshing change from the oft-pretentious world Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m in.


Plus, exercise is an amazing tool for de-stressing. When Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m there, job stress, worries, frustrations, everything that brings me down doesnâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t exist. I sweat, punch, kick, elbow, knee it all out. The fact that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s getting my fat butt in shape is a bonus, too.

Does Facebook count? Just kidding. Thereâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pretty much two places Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m at most of the time these daysâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;either at home, savoring my alone

Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s funny because some may see the combat sports as wild and violent, but itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s really helped me focus and calm my mind.


SWEATING IT OUT: Taking Muay Thai and boxing classes at Evolve Mixed Martial Arts helps Mr Young keep cool.

12 LIFESTYLE LEARNING FROM OTHERS HOOT.ME $7:::+2270( :+$7$)$&(%22.$33/,&$7,21)25678'<,1*12767$/.,1* Hoot.Me is a collaborative study tool that makes your social network also your knowledge network. Using the application, you can join a study session and discuss questions and problems with friends on Facebook, using group video conferencing and smart chat, which supports math symbols for equations and YouTube video embedding. Study sessions are stored, so you can view conversations that you missed or that were held a while back to ďŹ nd possible answers.


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CHRONICLE 05 OPEN STUDY $7:::23(1678'<&20 :+$7$5($/7,0(:25/':,'(678'<*5283 Open Study is a real time, give-help-and-get-help study site open to students worldwide. There is a wide range of study groups based on topic. Students directly answer questions posted, resulting in Q&A format instead of drawn out discussions. If no one in your circle of friends can help, try tapping on the brains of more than 50,000 students registered on the site.

MANAGING TIME AND TASKS SIX-DAY EVENT SCHEDULE $7+7732)),&(0,&5262)7&20(1867(03/$7(66,;'$< (9(176&+('8/(7&$63; :+$7$5($'<7235,17&86720,6$%/(6,;'$<:((./<6&+('8/( Start maximising your 24 hours a day, six days a week in a snap with this basic Microsoft OfďŹ ce Excel sheet. Straightforward and printerready, it has columns for Mondays to Saturdays with hourly rows from 7am to 11pm. Make the template uniquely yours and add a column for Sunday for more study time, or adjust the hours to suit your body clock.

ACCESSING YOURSELF STUDY BLUE FACEBOOK FOR STUDYING: Hoot.Me allows you to hold study sessions with group video conferencing and smart chat, which supports math symbols for equations and YouTube video embedding. PHOTOS | INTERNET




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QUIZLET $7:::48,=/(7&20 :+$7$/,*+71,1*)$67:$<720(025,6(92&$%8/$5</,676 Like Study Blue, you can create ďŹ&#x201A;ash cards with Quizlet and access a database of ďŹ&#x201A;ash cards created by other students. To add to that, Quizlet also has study games like Scatter (matching game) and Space Race (speed game), and a text-to-speak feature that allows you to listen to terms and deďŹ nitions instead of reading them, if you prefer.



:+$7 )5(( 21/,1( 62)7:$5( 7+$7 75$,16 <28 72 63((' 5($' :,7+&2035(+(16,21 Spreeder will help you get through your avalanche of readings before you know it. It trains you to speed read by making you read a passage you upload ďŹ rst at your base rate (the rate you can read with full comprehension), then at double that rate, and a third time back at your base rate. Repeat this cycle and you will ďŹ nd your base rate has increased. Upload your readings as practice passages, and your pile of readings will decrease as your base rate increases.


$7:::-8673$67(,7 :+$7$3$67(%2$5')257(;7,0$*(6$1'9,'(267+$7<28&$1 6+$5(:,7+)5,(1'6

LEARN TO SPEED READ: Spreeder trains you to speed read by increasing your base rate (the rate you can read with full comprehension) through free online practice. PHOTOS | INTERNET

Collate all your study material for a particular topic with Just Paste Itâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;import notes from word processors including Microsoft Word, Microsoft Works and Open OfďŹ ce (text formatting will be preserved), insert images, and even embed videos. Your work will be automatically saved to the server every three minutes, so you need not worry about a browser crash interfering. When you are done, save your work as a PDF ďŹ le, or publish it to generate a URL that you can share with friends.

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TO ENJOY: Instead of having a sandwich to go, savour Sarniesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; ďŹ&#x201A;avourful dishes amongst its cosy interiors.

LOCATED amidst the bustling financial district, Sarnies is a modestly-sized cafĂŠ specialising in freshly prepared gourmet sandwiches. Its name comes from the word â&#x20AC;&#x153;sarnieâ&#x20AC;?, which refers to the British slang for sandwich. The cafĂŠ has an understated charm, with the wooden furniture and dim lighting of the interior giving off a rustic and cosy feel. The breakfast menu is available from 7.30am to 11am, while lunch is sold after 11am till 3pm. The food usually gets sold out by then 3pm, but the cafĂŠ remains open till 5pm selling drinks only.

The lunch menu has several savoury sandwich choices, such as Aussie Grass Fed Steak, Smoked Salmon and Chicken Schnitzel, all priced from $11.90 to $14.90. At the ownerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s recommendation, I ordered the Roast Chicken Sarnie ($12.90), the cafĂŠâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature and bestseller. It had generous portions of roasted chicken, house cured bacon, and homemade guacamole tightly packed between two crusty slices of bread. This is one of their less sinful options as the chicken is roasted and the bacon is free from preservatives. The chicken tasted of ďŹ&#x201A;avourful herbs and spices, which contrasted elegantly with the crunch of bacon. The vine tomatoes and lettuce gave a zingy bite to complement the taste of the meat. To top it all off, guacamole complemented the strong and earthy ďŹ&#x201A;avour of the other ingredients. All in all, this fancy sandwich tasted marvellous, and was worth every penny. The other item I tried was the Basil Pesto Sarnie ($11.90). It came with a layer of grilled mushrooms, oven roasted tomatoes, and fresh greens tossed in olive oil. The aromatic basil pesto sauce was spread thickly across the toasted bread. The portion was just right, with quality ingredients packed generously, leaving me satisfied without feeling too stuffed or bloated.

Much of the sandwichâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ďŹ&#x201A;avour came from the sauce, but it was not too overpowering and blended nicely with the juicy mushrooms and refreshing greens. To ensure freshness, the sauces are made daily and produced from scratch. As well as sandwiches, the cafĂŠ serves soups and salads, priced from $9.90 to $12.90. And alongside the usual coffees, they sell brews from Singapore-based gourmet tea company Tea Connection which only sells to cafes. I washed down my sandwich with a

Lemon and Ginger Tea ($5) which had an invigorating lemon zestiness and a cooling ginger aftertaste. To complete your meal, the cafĂŠ also offers sweet treats. The menu for the baked goods changes daily and it includes mufďŹ ns, cookies, scones and brownies. Do check out their Facebook page for their daily specials. Being a small cafĂŠ, it is relatively quiet and is a decent location to lunch and lounge around for a bit, but do take note that it can get crowded from 12-2pm when the nearby ofďŹ ce crowd starts ďŹ lling in.

BURSTING WITH FLAVOURS: The Basil Pesto Sarnie was worth every dollar as they were generous with the ingredients, which went marvellously with the fragrant pesto sauce. PHOTOS | GOH CHAY TENG





CLEAN AND CRISP: As bread was their main attraction, Simply Bread kept their interiors minimal yet PHOTOS | WAN ZHONG HAO stylish.

WITH a name like Simply Bread, it is no surprise that bread takes centre stage here. The fragrant smell of freshly-baked bread wafting through the air, hits you when you step into the storeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;which has a wide array of bread, pastries, and loaves on display. Located in a quiet corner on the second level of Cluny Court, the cafĂŠâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s interiors are minimalistâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;with a clean design and white furniture. The ďŹ&#x201A;oor-to-ceiling windows offer a scenic view of the greenery outside and also

allows sunlight to stream in, brightening the place. It has a laid back feel and offers a comfortable spot where you can sit back and relax. Their lunch menu serves up a good variety of sandwiches and each order comes with a side of coleslaw. Aside from the classic Grilled Cheese Sandwich ($6.45), they also have standard options like Ham & Cheese ($9) and Chunky Egg ($7.10). Like Subway, you can pick out your preferred bread from

the display counter. There is a wide selection of loaves ranging from White Sourdough to Ciabatta and Rustic White, each with their own distinct taste. The ďŹ rst sandwich I ordered was the Turkey Sandwich ($ 8.50 ) . It came in two halves of palm-sized portions, with thinly sliced turkey, lettuce, and sweet ploughmanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pickle tucked between two slices of Rustic Wholemeal bread. However, it was disappointing as it tasted like something that can be easily replicated in your own kitchen. The only thing that stood out was the sweet ploughmanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s pickle. It added a punch to the overall taste, giving the sandwich a savour y bite. However, it got a little overpowering at times, masking the taste of the turkey as a result. The BLT Sandwich ($9.50) fared slightly better. I had this with Sourdough Rye, a rustic loaf with a thick crust and soft interior. The sandwich had generous amounts of bacon, lettuce, and tomatoes, and every mouthful was crunchy and f lavourful, with the refreshing taste of the greens contrasting against salty bacon. The crispy lettuce and juicy tomatoes attested to the quality of ingredients used. My only qualm was that I could only taste faint traces of the thin layer of mayonnaise that was spread across the bread. As a result, it became a little too dry halfway through the sandwich. Service, however, scored high on my cards. The variety of breads available left me spoilt for choices but the staff were forthcoming in their recommendations. This friendly gesture will no doubt help diners pick out a type of bread that best suits their preference. Sandwiches aside, you must give their

Sticky Bun ($1.85) a shot. The bun is a crowd favourite, and it will usually be sold out in the late afternoon. The bun was chewy, dense, and generously glazed, with hints of cinnamon. It was sweet, but not cloyingly so, making a perfect afternoon snack. This sweet treat paired well with the Orange Pekoe Tea ($2.80), a drink that had a subtle citrus aroma and taste to it which also left a pleasant lingering sweetness. Simply Bread is a comfortable and peaceful place which provides a tranquil ambience for an afternoon snack. However, there is nothing exceptional about their main courses. With prices and tastes comparable to other sandwich cafes around, it might not be worth the trouble to go out of your way for a bite of their sandwich.

MEDIOCRE: Unless you live in around the neighbourhood, Simply Breadâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s sandwiches are not worth travelling for.



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2mm apart from picture

RUSTIC LANDSCAPE: Paddy rice and maize corn ďŹ elds make up the mountainous region of Sapa, home to a rich diversity of ethnic minority groups with breathtaking views of sunsets. PHOTOS | COURTESY OF JEREMY TAN


ith just a return ticket f rom Singapore to Ho C h i M i n h a nd no accommodation, tours, or transport booked for the entire trip, I set out on a nineday backpacking trip, in hope of unexpected adventures. Some have called me crazy for doing that, especially in a countr y where I have never been and whose language I do not speak. But I have always wanted to experience what it was really like, off the tourist route. As we had to navigate the country on our own, we encountered taxi drivers who insisted on longer routes, or even â&#x20AC;&#x153;helpfulâ&#x20AC;? locals who wanted a quick buck. We realised the hard way that hotels close for the night when we arrived at one too early in the morning and had to wait two hours at its door before it opened for the day. After walking through the hustle and bustle of Ho Chi Minh and Hanoi for the f irst three days, I was yearning for some open spaces and rustic scenery. A staff at a local tour agency in Hanoi told us that Sapa was a rural little village situated in the mountainous region of Vietnam, and is home to a rich diversity of ethnic minority groups. Eager to get away from the city, we immediately took up the tour package to Sapa. Hanoi bid us goodbye in its typical chaotic manner at the Hanoi Railway Train Station. Each time a train pulled up, hoards jostled to get off and on it, while the train attendants blew their whistles incessantly. We were trying to squeeze past the crowds to locate our platform, whe n a V ie t n a me s e m a n i n

uniform stopped us in our tracks. He took a glance at our tickets, smiled, and waved us over to follow him. At that point, I was relieved, thankful for the valueadded ser vice that the station provided. When we arrived at our train, the man stopped us again. This time, he gestured to us for money. From then on, I learnt that there is no such thing as a free lunch in Vietnam. A f ter t r avel l i ng for more than eight hours on a sleeper train from Hanoi, we f inally made it to Lao Cai Province in northwest Vietnam. It is located near the border of China, where the Red River separates the two communist countries. Unlike Hanoi, which was hot and humid, this province has a fairly cool temperature, ranging from 15°C to 29°C. It was such a relief to feel the cool breeze once I made my way down from the train and on to another bus which would take us to Sapa town. We we r e pac ke d i nto t he small bus with 20 tourists, but I was luck y enough to get a window seat. I was rewarded with a magniďŹ cent view of the mountains as the bus pulled its way up the steep and winding roads, which bears a staggering altitude of 1,600m. I was faintly reminded of the ride up Genting Highlands, but with more majestic and breathtaking views this time. T he precipitous slopes are ca r ve d i nto beaut i f u l g r e e n terraces of paddy rice and maize corns ďŹ elds. At six in the morning, we saw the blazing red sun slowly appearing behind the mountains, and the sk y was tinged with shades of orange and blue. As soon as we arrived, we hea r d t he l i ne, â&#x20AC;&#x153;E xc u se me,

can you buy t h is f rom me? â&#x20AC;? being repeated relentlessly. A group of women dressed in their traditional ethnic costumes stood by the bus, hands stretched into the busâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s open windows, shoving ha nd icr af t item s at u s. T h i s def initely made for a bizar re i nt roduct ion to t he m i nor it y ethnic people. A while later, I learnt from my local guide, Viet, that these abor iginal ladies would walk miles from their villages to the town centre of Sapa and spend the rest of the day selling handicrafts to tourists. With limited English, they would attempt to strike up small talk by asking, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Where are you from?â&#x20AC;?, but they all end with the imminent question, â&#x20AC;&#x153;can you buy this from me?â&#x20AC;?. A group of three tailed us during our trek, from Sapaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s town centre to Cat Cat Village. Due to their persistence, I ďŹ nally gave in and bought a keychain. At Cat Cat Village, shrieks of v i l lage k id s ca me w it h i n earshot as we entered the village. They were playing outside their homes which are lined along the undulating slopes in the valley. Instead of battery-operated toys, they played with sticks, stones, and whatever they found in their environment. Due to the high inďŹ&#x201A;ux of tourists in the village, they did not look surprised to see us, preferring to return to their own fun and games instead. Our guide Viet kindly took us into one of the villagersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; homes. I was aston ished to see how sparse and primitive the place was. I noticed that simplicit y and functionality are priorities in their lifest yle. There were only a few pieces of furniture, and no hint of technology, save

SCISSORS, PAPER, STONE: The kids of Cat Cat Village make do with what they have and fashion toys out of their immediate surroundings.

With such alluring views of nature, the trek was anything but tiresome. for a television set. It made me reďŹ&#x201A;ect on how most things in our urban environment are not that necessary. We continued our way down the valley, where a stunning waterfall awaited at the bottom. With the sun beating against the cascading waters, it was like a shower of diamonds. With such alluring views of nature, the trek was anything but tiresome. We also saw farmers plowing the paddy rice ďŹ elds, while chickens and pigs roamed freely on the

farm grounds. W he n e v e n i n g c a me , we enjoyed a cup of hot Vietnamese coffee on the rooftop of one of the many cafes in Sapa, and took in the breathtaking sight of dusk approaching. We watched the sun retreat behind the mountains, and listened to the crows of the rooster as it announced the end of another day. This is Sapa, a r ural countr yside that allows you to leave behind the bustle of cities, and admire the slow-paced beauty of village life.

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She’s Got The Love

6LPSO\RXWRIWKLV ZRUOG³WKDW·V)ORUHQFH :HOFK6XODLPDQ'DXG VKLQHVWKHOLJKWRQWKH UHGKDLUHGVLQJHUZLWK WKHOXQJVRIVWHHO THE BEST compliment anyone can pay to Florence and the Machine is that she sounds like nothing you’ve ever heard in your life. There have been many labels attached to the redhaired songstress—baroque pop and art rock among them, but Florence Welch defies them all. Her music runs across the entire musical spectrum, from breathy ethereal ballads to rebellious punk anthems, all delivered with a knowing wink and a pout of the lips. At just 25, the singer has already become a global star. Her debut studio album Lungs was certified gold in the USA, selling over 730, 000 copies – a rarity for a British musician since the glory days of the Beatles. Frequently turning up for interviews dressed in an eclectic mix of clothing and digressing into tangents to discuss Nabokov’s Lolita and the British cult film Withnail and I, ever y thing about Florence Welch screams unconventional. Even her stage name (often stylised

as Florence + The Machine) came from a private joke in which she referred to her friend Isabella Summers as Isabella Machine, and herself as Florence Robot. “I was an hour away from my first gig when I realised the name Florence Robot/ Isabella Machine was so long it would drive me mad,” she said in an interview with the Sunday Times. The ‘Machine’ today refers to the rotating group of musicians who provide backup vocals and instrumentals for Welch, while Summers remains as her main keyboardist.

“I knew I loved singing and music...it was always just something that I loved but I was never thinking of it as a career. It was more just like, ‘OH, I CAN SING! WOO!” Florence Welch Interview with Clash Music

The 31-year-old is no slouch in the creative de-

partment herself, having earned six producer and five co-writer credits on Lungs, a 2010 BRIT Masterclass Award winner. It would come as no surprise to learn that Welch’s path to fame was fittingly unique as well. Starting out at the bottom r ung of the London club scene in the mid-2000s, she caught her big break in December 2006 while performing in London, Soho for the Queens of Noize, a band of influential music promoters and producers. Thoroughly inebriated, Welch cornered band member Mairead Nash, in the bathroom and started singing the 1962 hit Something’s Got a Hold on Me by Etta James. “I invited her back for another night, and I remember thinking ‘Oh…my…God, I’ve literally never heard anyone with such a powerful voice ever,” recalls Nash in an interview with the Daily Telegraph. “I had to manage her.” Florence and the Machine eventually released Lungs in 2009 to widespread critical acclaim. Peaking at number one on the UK charts and second in Ireland, it would eventually reach the top of the American charts as well. Chart success isn’t the only indicator of the singer’s

influence though. Tracks from Lungs have been used in official movie soundtracks such as Eat, Pray, Love, and featured in episodes of television series like 90210, Skins, and Glee.

“Do I want to be stuck in teenage land, where everything’s free and easy? Is it time to grow up?” Florence Welch, reflecting on her new-found maturity. Interview with The Observer

The music videos created for Lungs all display her love of colour and crazy clothes. In Dog Days Are Over she prances around in a kimono and rags through a cloud of cloured smoke. Another common element of her videos is her eccentric refusal to wear pants. Irreverent, playful and whimsical—it perfectly encapsulates both Florence and her Machine both as a person and a music band. The October 31st release date of their upcoming album Ceremonials cannot come soon enough.

Lungs (2009) BRIT Award winner and certified platinum in a dozen countries across Europe, what is it that makes Lungs so special? The sheer variety of the songs on the album, for a start. Kiss With a Fist , for example, is a cheerfully manic song with lyrics like: You smashed a plate over my head / So I set fire to our bed. It sounds absolutely nothing like the majestic Cosmic Love, with its epic swelling overtures. According to Florence herself, the entire album is a journey. It was designed as a cohesive whole from start to finish, with its very randomness an integral part of linking the different songs together. “It’s like a scrapbook,” she said in an interview with Artist Direct. “You have to listen to everything to understand the whole body of work.” There are albums that you only play when you feel sad, or happy. The beauty of Lungs is that it has any song to fit any occasion. It is full of wonder and nonsense with equal measure. How else can you explain lyrics like: Washes away down the kitchen sink , taken from the album’s crowning jewel, Dog Days Are Over? In her own words, “I really love the idea of making the totally mundane magical.”Adding a dash of colour to an otherwise grey day, Lungs is one of those albums you’d pick if you had to choose one to take with you to a desert island. PHOTOS | INTERNET



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MUSIC MYLO XYLOTO (Alternative Rock) Coldplay

 According to Coldplay, the albumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lyrics were inspired by â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;old school American grafďŹ tiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;White Rose Movementâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.

IT COULD have been just another pretentious name for a Hollywood celebrityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s baby. Instead Mylo Xyloto is Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s latest offering following their 2008 hit record, Viva La Vida or Death and All His Friends. When asked by the New York Times about the meaning of the album title, lead singer Chris Martin was reluctant to tell the truth. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Music comes from a place we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t know. It sort of comes through the ďŹ ngers and toes,â&#x20AC;? he said vaguely. Martin later revealed that the title came out of the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;randomness of the universeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; on American political satire program The Colbert Report. Billed as a concept album, Mylo Xyloto delves into a nar rative of t wo young lovers, Mylo and Xyloto in an oppressive, dystopian urban environment. The term â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;concept albumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;

is debatable though, as the narrative is not properly explored, nor does it seem to go beyond the surface storyline of boy meets girl. But that is easily forgiven, as the individual tracks in the record are enthusiastic, upbeat and generally more u pl i f t i n g t h a n a n y of Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s previous albums. With the help of coproducer Br ian Eno, the a lbu m ac h ie ve s a ve r y luxurious, surging sound that is a mix of swelling synths, exhilarating guitar riffs and Martinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s gorgeous falsetto. The melodies, guided along by catchy piano tunes, simply bring ever ything together in a right balance, especially in tracks like Hurts Like Heaven. Balance is the key word for this album. The bandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s previous work produced very heavy anthems like Viva La Vida. While that formula still feat ures prominently in Mylo Xyloto, it is smoothed out by light, playful beats pa i r e d w it h de l ic ate l y beautiful instrumentation. Their song Paradise elegantly exempliďŹ es this balance. Martin sings a thirdperson narrative about a girl whose life has not measured up to her expectations: When she was just a girl she expected the world / But it ďŹ&#x201A;ew away

from her reach so she ran away in her sleep. With a strong hook, and the always-loved stretched vocals of Martin, one can easily imagine a ginormous sea of swaying arms at a stadium, well-equipped with light sticks or mobile phones. W hile Eno, who also produced U2â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s 1991 record Achtung Baby, also worked on Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s last album, his touch is more evident in Mylo Xyloto. Enoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature use of synths and keyboards is more apparent, especially in one of the albumâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s standout tracks Princess of China which features R&B artist Rihanna. The bandâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s trademark piano and light guitar riffs take a backseat to make way for robust synths and compellingly heavy guitar riffs in this song. Rihanna unexpectedly lends a sense of depth to the song and elevates Martinâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s comparatively weak vocals to a level that might not have been possible without her. While Mylo Xyloto still car r ies t he world music elements that Coldplay had infused in their music three years ago, it is also packed with well-placed urban traces that will cement their status as the biggest-selling band in the world.


U.F.O: Mylo Xylotoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s title is so bizzare, inspiration for Coldplayâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ďŹ fth album might have come from outer space.

CHESAPEAKE (Indie) Rachael Yamagata

 Rachael Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s songs have featured on popular TV shows like â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Greyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Anatomyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; and â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;How I Met Your Motherâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;.

STICK AROUND: Fans of honest, mellow and soulful music will certainly not go wrong giving Rachael Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s (left) Cheaspeake a listen. PHOTOS | INTERNET

RACHAEL Yamagata is, by her own admission, not one to write happy songs. So it is a pleasant surprise to ďŹ nd that Chesapeake, which was three years in the making, is a more uplifting release than her previous effort Elephants...Teeth Sinking Into Heart. The 34-year-oldâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature sultry tones are a mainstay on the album, and lend themselves well to the variety of genres she samples. Opening track Even If I Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t is a twee, upbeat number reminiscent of a pop song, with a sprightly tempo punctuated by drumbeats. This jaunty, refreshing track is likely to find the songstress some new fansâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;it is an accessible entry point into an album in which Yamagata discovers her more optimistic side. Stick Around, with its smoky jazz ďŹ&#x201A;avour, is a hope-

ful take on second chances in love. She sings: Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;ve been in trouble before with my rushing in / but Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m willing to take the chance again. Older fans may be pleased to note that Yamagata has not completely abandoned her contemplative, somber roots. Full On is a delicate, wistful piano ballad, with Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s vocals reined in to convey the disappointment of a lover â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;faking it for so longâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. For this album, Yamagata reunited with music producer John Alagia, with whom she also collaborated on her debut album Happenstance, released in 2004. However it is evident that this soulful songbird has evolved since she emerged onto the music scene. Fr om s on g to s on g , Yamagata writes with a maturity and intimacy that is not often found among contemporary pop artists. Chesapeake enters previously uncharted territory in Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s repertoire by being slightly eclectic, resulting in a collection of songs that lacks a clear direction for her as an artiste. However this exploration of Yamagataâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s happier persona is, above all, a commendable exercise in self-discovery.


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05 CHRONICLE reviews


 Fresh from his stint as creative director for 2010â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s National Day Parade, Dick Lee returns to theatre production with a bang.

BASED on his biography of the same title, The Adventures of the Mad Chinaman is Dick Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s intimate and often hilarious recount of his life journey towards musical stardom. Featuring many wellloved local hits such as Rasa Sayang and Fried Rice Paradise, the solo recital hits

home as both a lively depiction of the life of a local musician and a record of Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s music history. One of the most successful local musicians, the 55-yearold is well-known for his numerous music compositions and plays, including the renowned play Forbidden City: Portrait of an Empress,

LOOKING SPLENDID: Dick Lee captivates the audience with his honesty.

BOOKS DAMNED Chuck Palahniuk (Fiction) $24.95 at Kinokuniya Published by Jonathan Cape Ltd

Damned is Chuck Palahniukâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s new novel that unfortunately reads like a diary of a typical adolescent, reminiscent of the unfortunate Adrian Mole. The writer of the provocative novel Fight Club, capable of searing social commentary, decides here to parody a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s relationship with God.

Although the premise is interesting, the climax and the ending of the book leaves much to be desired. This version of Hell is introduced to the reader by Madison, a 13-year-old adolescent dead from a freak accident supplemented by marijuana. She meets her Breakfast Club posse of friends along and together they conquer hell as their territory. Although precocious for her age, Madison still struggles with the adolescent issues of self-identity, image and acceptance. Her narrative oscillates between biting sarcasm and hopeful naivety, and offers few insights in between her cutting observations. Although the character development was lacking, Palahniukâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s description of Hellâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s inner workings is enjoyable in every way. The conundrum of telemarketersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; accuracy in striking just before dinner is served is solved in Damned. Apparently in Hell, making calls during the customersâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; meal, bath and relaxation times is a respected job of its hellish occupants. Palahniukâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Hell is essentially a consequence of

â&#x20AC;&#x153;If I could go back in time, I would tell my 20-year-old self, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t worry, just do it.â&#x20AC;? But, looking back, I think I did it anyway.â&#x20AC;? Dick lee, in an interview with August Man.

ďŹ rst staged in 2002. With his characteristic down-to-earth narration, Lee manages to bring both laughter and tears to the audience. From sharing personal stories such as the death of his beloved sister to poking fun at local politics, he comes across as honest and straightforward. Set in a living room with a mix of designer furniture and artefacts from the past, he also infuses a nostalgic flavour into this solo recital. Lee looked sharp in a pink suit as he alternated between lively performances at his white grand piano and unpretentious recounts of his lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s many trials, setbacks and triumphs while seated on his sofa. He de l i v e r s a g r eat p e r for m a nc e b e yond a simple music recital, belting out renditions of famous songs like Heart of Gold,

humanityâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s own existence. For example the physical landscape is made out of various kinds of human wasteâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;a different take from the burning realm weâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re more familiar with. Ironically, beneath the overly pessimistic portrayal of mankind some hope is revealed. It is Mad isonâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s unabashed hopefulness that keeps her apart from the wailing masses of the despondent and damned. Eventually, under her command, Hell takes on a more cheery form. Unfortunately, the lack of a compelling storyline in Damned is accompanied by character relationships that are unconvincing and lack focus. Madison does not lose, but she never truly wins either. Palahniuk continually reminds us that the expectation for both Earth and Hell to be like Heaven is a fundamental ďŹ&#x201A;aw of humanity. That indeed seems to be the point for the bookâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;do not read Damned with the expectation that it will be extremely good, or you might very well just be damned in your own hopes.


prancing around to the beat of old Chinese pop songs, and sharing humorous stories. The audience is given a peek into Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s past as Lee recounts the transition in Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s music culture over the decades, such as the move from use of Laser Discs (LDs) to Compact Discs (CDs) and the phasing-out of video cassettes. Among his numerous heart-warming tales, one highlight is an escapade during his years in Saint Josephâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Institution. He r e c a l l s a n ea r l y m isch ievou s at tempt at business when he sold books containing objectionable material to his classmates. Despite his admission of guilt at that incident, the comical manifestation of Leeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s entrepreneurial spirit at such a young age was greeted with both laughter and awe from the audience. In a more signif icant episode, Dick Lee describes his init ia l diff icu lt y in establishing himself as a musician. H i s ad m i r at ion for successful Western musicians had led him to strive hard to imitate them. However, he realised that in the process he had lost sight of something more important than fame and gloryâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;his Singaporean identity. This would prove to be critical to his success later on. Spu r r e d on b y t h i s

LOBSTERS SCREAM WHEN YOU BOIL THEM Bruce Weinstein and Mark Scarbrough (Non-Fiction) $23.11 at Kinokuniya Published by Gallery

EVER heard a high-pitched sound when a lobster is dropped into a pot of boiling water? No, it is not the crustacean screaming in agony, although the resemblance is uncanny. The sound was apparently so convincing Adolf Hitlerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Nazi government banned the Germans from cooking lobsters in this way. The sound is actually produced when steam whistles out from the joints of its shell.

HEâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;LL BE BACK: A sequel, The Return of the Mad Chinaman, is in the works. PHOTOS | INTERNET

awareness, he created a form of national identity through his composition of the National Day song Home in 1998, which was performed by local singer Kit Chan. Similarly, The Adventures of the Mad Chinaman does more than just entertain. Beyond the laughter, tears, and a lesson on Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s

Simple science, yet even today many people still believe that lobsters have the ability to scream even though they do not have vocal cords. A mer ican aut hor s Bruce Weinstein and Mark Scarbrough debunk this and a hundred other food and cooking myths in their latest book Lobsters Scream When You Boil Them. The two writers contribute regularly to various food publications, including recipe website Eating Well and The Washington Post . While the duoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s past 19 books have primarily been cookbooks, their 20th piece of work is more of a scientific investigation into the many kitchen myths and misconceptions that have been passed down from one generation to the next. From simple errors like storing coffee beans in the refrigerator to the technicalities of differentiating grilled steaks, Weinstein and Scarbrough substantiate their points with scientific evidence and real-life examples. The writers are careful not to use too much jargon so that the book is more â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;kitchen-friendlyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;. They use a humorous and to-the-point writing style that makes the

history, the audience is led to contemplate their lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s achievements and goals. A sequel, The Return of the Mad Chinaman, is currently in the works. It will continue the story from where Lee left off, and with luck it will be just as good as the ďŹ rst.


book read more like a lighthearted conversation. Lobsters Scream When You Boil Them therefore reads like a collection of short stories, a pleasant surprise from the usual textbook-style culinar y texts. Each fact starts with the myth as the headline and the authorsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; short answer, often hilarious, as the subheader. One example is Myth number 50, â&#x20AC;&#x153;Putting an avocado pit in the guacamole will keep it from turning brown.â&#x20AC;? The authors have a short and simple reply to such a piece of â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;wisdomâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;, â&#x20AC;&#x153;In your dreams.â&#x20AC;? The organisation of information is a bit madcap, as is the mix of food history, science and culinary expertise. But this haphazardness is what makes this book of myths and their corresponding truths so much fun to read. The only drawback is the lack of pictures which would have appealed to Masterchef wannabes with a phobia for text-heavy books.







 WOODY Allenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s newest ďŹ lm is a charming ride, weaving his nostalgia for Parisâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; timeless beauty in an uncharacteristically buoyant romantic comedy. Gil Penders (Owen Wilson, Marley and Me) is a restless Hollywood scriptwriter working on his ďŹ rst draft of a novel that he refuses to let anyone read. He longs for Paris of the 1920s, a time and place of great artistic vibrancy and congregation of creative talents. On vacation with his ďŹ ancĂŠe, Inez (Rachel McAdams, The Time Travelerâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Wife), and his future parents-in-law, the writer soon discovers that his dream holiday in Paris does not go according to plan. Gil pokes fun at his ďŹ ancĂŠe, whom he likens to a typical spoiled American housewife, as well as her equally intolerable parents. His ďŹ ancĂŠe however does not pay too much attentionâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;as she does to all thingsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; towards what she hopes is a passing fancy in Gilâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s novel writing. Their future is already set in her mind: a married life in Malibu of attending parties and raising their children on Gilâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s scriptwrit-

GO TO SLEEP LITTLE ONE: Donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t open your eyes.

PARANORMAL ACTIVITY 3 HORROR Chloe Csengery, Jessica Tyler Brown


 WHEN bodies are thrown out of bed and dragged forcefully across the ďŹ&#x201A;oor, a childâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;imaginaryâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; friend may be more than just a mere fantasy. Set in the Eighties, Paranormal Activity 3 is the third installment of the franchise and a prequel that sets the premise for the hauntings in the ďŹ rst two movies. Acclaimed for their work in 2010â&#x20AC;&#x2122;s CatďŹ sh, the new directorial duo of Henry Joost and Ariel Schulman offers a plot that revolves around the childhood of sisters Katie (Chloe Csengery) and Kristi Rey (Jessica Tyler Brown). Sticking to the franchiseâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s signature style, Paranormal Activity 3 is once again shot in the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;found-footageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; format, making it seem

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PARIS, YOU ARE MY LOVE: Adriana (Marion Cotillard) and Gil (Owen Wilson) take a romantic walk in Paris. PHOTOS | INTERNET

ing pay checks. Not only does Gil have to deal with her disapproving parents, he also has to contend with Paul (Michael Sheen), Inezâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s former crush who is an insufferable know-it-all. After one too many taunts from Inezâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s family, Gil ends up walking the streets of Paris alone after their dinner together, slightly drunk and lost. When the clock strikes midnight, a vintage convertible arrives and beckons to him

as if the events of the movie were actually real life recordings. This style was also successfully used in other horror movies such as CloverďŹ eld and The Blair Witch Project. The mysterious â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Tobyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; is the conďŹ dante of Kristi, the youngest in the family. Her mother (Lauren Bittner) plays down this strange behavior, insisting Toby is imaginary, much to the suspicion of her boyfriend Dennis (Christopher Nicholas Smith). As the father ďŹ gure, Dennis believes he must take action to deal with the hauntings, and installs several security cameras to hunt for the supernatural entity. He soon discovers a cult symbol drawn in the room that Kristi points out as belonging to Toby. At this point, the pace of the story quickens. The horror climaxes when Kristiâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s refusal to comply with Tobyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s demands leads to increasingly traumatic and violent hauntings. The downward spiral of the family that ensues petriďŹ es and throws both the characters and the audience into a gripping panic. Shock factor aside, the turbulence of relationships, strong storyline and a clever twist at the end merge together, resulting in a surprisingly well-developed horror ďŹ lm. The relatively unknown cast is competent in delivering their roles in a believable fashion, adding authenticity to the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;foundfootageâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; angle. Despite several loose ends in the overall plot, like how the spirits are connected to the cult symbols, the storyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s delivery is nonetheless brilliant. By conďŹ ning the set to three spaces in the house, Joost and Schulman let audiences familiarise themselves with the scenes and invite them to play an intense game of spotthe-difference within each setting. Subtle hauntings become more menacing as the movie progresses, ramping up the terror, which keeps audiences on the edge of their seats. Joost and Schulman let us scare ourselves with our anticipation and impatience, and this is the genius that makes Paranormal Activity 3 an exceptional horror ďŹ lm.


to join the passengers in their revelry, which turns out to be in the 1920s. He is transported back in time. In one night he meets American novelist couple F. Scott and Zelda Fitzgerald (Tom Hiddleston and Alison Pill) and writer Ernest Hemingway (Corey Stoll). Despite feeling utterly disoriented, Gil goes along with the ďŹ&#x201A;ow and engages his literary heroes in conversation. The following nights bring him into the

company of more of his idols, including Getrude Stein (Kathy Bates), T.S Eliot and the legendary Picasso. The numerous cameos are delightful and Adrien Brody (The Pianist) is especially wicked in his role as Spanish Catalan surrealist painter Salvador DalĂ­, of which he evidently enjoyed playing. Not only does Gil get to have his novel draft read by Stein, he strikes up a romantic alliance with the lovely Adriana (Marion Cotillard, Inception), Picassoâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s lover and muse. Ironically just like Gil, she is discontented with her own era, yearning for the Belle Ă&#x2030;poque of the 1890s, which she believes was the golden age of Paris. This is when Gil realises that his own nostalgia is timeless and insatiable. Allen speaks to us through his many dialogues executed perfectly in singular shots that are as tight as they are minutely detailed. Visually, Midnight in Paris is a feast for the eyes, suffused with warm colours and backlight that frame the city and its characters gorgeously. It is hard to not want to wander the streets of Paris upon watching this ďŹ lm. Perhaps this really is the magic of Paris. The romance is sweet without being overwhelming. As fantastic as midnight time travelling may seem, Midnight in Paris is still sufďŹ ciently anchored in reality. Having the characters stick by their respective decisions somehow makes the present more believable, and in turn, alluring.


EN GARDE: Aramis (Luke Evans, centre) and the Musketeers do battle with Cardinal Richelieuâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s soldiers.

THE THREE MUSKETEERS ACTION Logan Lerman, Matthew Macfadyen 110min

 AWAY from the T-virus pandemic of Resident Evil and gruesome extra-terrestrial beings in Alien Versus Predator, Paul W.S. Anderson ventures into the classic novel by Alexandre Dumas, The Three Musketeers. Tous pour un, un pour tousâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;all for one, one for allâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;is the spirit that unites the three musketeers of 17th century France, Athos (Matthew Macfadyen), Aramis (Luke Evans) and Porthos (Ray Stevenson). T he y a re soon joi ned by young Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Artagnan (Logan Lerman). Trying to achieve his dream of being a musketeer like his father, Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Artagnan travels to Paris and ends up picking ďŹ ghts with the Three Musketeers, but eventually forges a strong friendship with them instead.

The evil Cardinal Richelieu (Christoph Waltz) attempts to sabotage the heroes by inďŹ&#x201A;uencing their friend Milady (Milla Jovovich) to double-cross them. He sets into motion another plot to frame Queen Anne of France of having an affair with the Duke of Buckingham, with the ultimate goal of dethroning King Louis XIII. It is up to the Musketeers to untangle the web of deception and save the day. Anderson made minimal changes to the original novelâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s plot, a brave choice as audiences would naturally expect something more from an adaptation. Bearing this in mind, Anderson included extensive swordplay scenes and dazzling special effects, reminiscent of action adventure movies like Pirates of the Caribbean. Some parts of the movie seemed a little rushed and unrealistic, especially the scene where Dâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;Artagnan met and fought with all the Musketeers in a single day. But if you are looking for a fun action ďŹ&#x201A;ick, The Three Musketeers is well worth the time.


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dapper: your essential style guide


itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s a basic remix


Photography: Bryan Ho Stylist: Farhana Jaâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;afar Makeup & Hair: Geraleine Yap Models: Rachel Lim, Sam Duckett Stockist. Fanny Fashion, 6 Eu Tong Sen Street, #02-41 The Central DeSoul, 14 Scotts Road #03-25A Far East Plaza Zhoppetizer, 14 Scotts Road #03-134B Far East Plaza Spellbound, 14 Scotts Road #03-24 Far East Plaza The Corner Shop, 14 Scotts Road #03-16 Far East Plaza



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dapper: your essential style guide On Sam (from left to right): white top, blue jeans, stylist's own. white top, green & white shorts $69.90, DeSoul. white top, straw hat, blue shorts, stylist’s own, blue coat $149.90, The Corner Shop. white top, dark blue shawl, grey trousers, stylist's own. white top, black layered jacket $169.00, and grey harem pants $119.00, DeSoul.

On Rachel (from left to right): white top, blue jeans, stylist’s own. white top with floral leggings $10.00, Fanny Fashion, floral jacket, stylist’s own. white top with blue bodycon skirt $45.00, yellow mustard skirt $39.90, Spellbound. white top with black suspender, stylist’s own, grey criss-cross grey skirt $35.00, Spellbound. white top with black trench coat $109.90, The Corner Shop, black skirt with gold pattern $45.00, Spellbound.



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dapper: your essential style guide


The finalists from Nail That Unique STYLE have come together for the grand challenge. Clearly, they have their own personal style, but do they have what it takes to transform a simple white tee shirt into something uniquely stylish and edgy? This style challenge had the five finalists creating two different looks — something edgy to wear on campus in the day, and something fabulous for a night out in town. Their outfits have been posted on Facebook (www.facebook.com/Ntusg) for voting. The total votes will contribute to 50 per cent of the results, while the other half will be in the hands of a panel of judges. The winner will walk away with $500 worth of vouchers for Sweddish apparel store H&M.

ALICE NG. School of Art, Design and Media

Come for a “hey-ppening” event on campus on November 1st, 12.15pm at Canopy K at LT 1A where the contestants debut their creations live. On top of that, NTU President Prof Bertil Andersson will launch HEY!, a new NTU magazine targeted at prospective and current students while NTU students show off their unique fashion sense in the final round of Nail That Unique Style. Walk away hey-py with exclusive goodies, MacDonald’s vouchers, and perhaps even a cool gadget. (Hint, it starts with an I!)


ONG SOON KUEY. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

WILFRED LIM. School of Art, Design and Media

GINGER CHIA. Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information

LEONG CHONG YEN. School of Mechanical and Aerospace Engineering

ᇢࢴઅսྵု‫ۘݖ‬ౝϸ ûսߢ‫ڈ‬ဍቄü


Ю‫׀‬ᄇ‫ئ‬ս࿗ഺ࠙ࠥႧᄈߴওധ߽ ᇢ൉ឌĶИ֨

ဣয়‫܄‬ս࿗֬ധ౼ၳ‫܄‬๽฿ =VQAࢃ჆୔ֿቍᆵଇହս࿗ ഺಇᄇହቚເఀ਍۸ྙఀ֬ၳ‫׵ࠊ܄‬è ᆊ۸཯༖๠‫ݝ‬࿗ཱུႶࡸԵा‫ޱ‬Ɨ‫ئޚ‬࿗ ഺ‫ٻٻ‬ИଇҜࡍè ເਛทะᆊ൥‫ڕ‬ᇁ൥஄ಝ֬ཊཧƗߕ ൥٘႟ਛྔࡍ௨౤୔Ҝࡍၳ‫܄‬๽฿ಷၴ ࠙ࠥƗࡁᆇҗ٧ਛହဣয়‫܄‬ս࿗֬=VQ Aç૽࡞ቍᆵ*M \PM +PIVOMၢࠪྔࡍ௨ ‫ݚ‬৲ս࿗֬ᆦᇔཿ߽è =VQA൥ࠕ‫ࢤ؃‬౤୔߽ƓA5+)Ɣᄤ ྔࡍ௨۹۸ս࿗‫ن‬ᅡఖদཱུ֬ჺധ౼ၳ ‫܄‬ቍᆵᆴ၉è෸ၰᄤ๠‫ݝ‬฻‫܉‬၉۸ቚၳ ‫֬܄‬௣ขƗ฻ۡս࿗ഺ֬‫૽܋‬ၰൔ‫ދ‬ധ ߽ᄺರ‫ے‬Ɨ‫ܤ‬৪෷૓‫ڢ‬༇‫ߴދ‬Иധ߽è ହս=VQA֬ᇽ༣໸ࡌྒƓ෦Ɣ‫ٺ‬ ༌ಭ૓๮್֥ധ౼ၳ‫׵ࠊ܄‬ᇖদ֬ჷႀ Ⴜ‫ئޚ‬Ɨ൵֙ఊԑ֬ः൥ৈ჆ሀಭ෵ւ দ֬ঀৈ‫ދ‬નቇ‫ے‬è ໸ࡌྒනƥõࡵ֥ ౲ॴ֬ಭಜƗғ߽ᆎᆥၰൔ֥ሸ࠴൥‫ئ‬ ીྤᄕèö ਽ບƗᆊଇߋ࿗თഺ༅‫ٺ‬ሷ‫܄‬Ӹ༩ව ୔࠰ഺߕ฻ԢƗҜࡍധ౼ၳ‫׵ࠊ܄‬Ⴜሀ ჆ਛࢺሸ໨è ෹නƥõᄤӎ൲ಇቚ၉ࡸൠᆴఴƗሸ ࠴൥҉ᆰ֨൥‫ڕ‬Ⴜ୆৶ຢӵ෸֬Ʀ ᇁႼ ӎ൲ᆴ‫ޱ‬Ɨғ୆ᆰ֨ሸ࠴֬୆৶ֿ֥ᄤ ମৡèö ෹ए৯Ɨಇቚၳ‫܄‬൏ࣣӏ߽ტ֥۹١

૲ཱི֬๎ᅥèи೉ƗཟϾٌჁ֤҉ཟԀ ‫ױ‬།֬ሸхᆨ‫ݠ‬ሷèᆊࠥս‫׀‬ॐမᇄᄂ ᆇ૓֬ଷྦè ᄤો՘ࠊ‫ޱ׵‬Ɨᇄᄂᆇ૓၀߽ຽቜᄤ ၉ఖƗะઉ୆‫׀࣐֬ۆ‬١Ɨ‫ٺ‬ཡ۹ሸൺ ၴಭ֬ࣔঊ‫࣐ދ‬ᅡèᆊཻ༬ࢲ‫؂‬Ⴜሀ჆ ᇄᄂᆇ‫࣐۾‬၉ҋಱൔሸ࠴Ɨ‫ن‬नሸ࠴֬ వ৶è

࿍Եᇽರ޸ྖૐƓ෦Ɣනƥõ‫ؚ‬໨ ૓ቍᆵ֬ࠊ‫ྜྷے׵‬ಆ֬࿗ഺॣ‫׮‬ો୔‫؂‬ ႼᅀࡍƗಝ‫ؾ‬࿗ഺҜთ֬࠙ࠥྦ߽ႀເ ଝཻา඀౭ঊғาѠۡƗ৯೉ᄤᆦ‫ߗڰ‬ ࣄ࿑ए֬൏ްèö

෹҇ԐƗཿ߽ᇽး૲ས଱ཻ‫ؚ‬ကะ߽ าѠ‫ྜྷے‬ಆ֬ಭè ෹නƥõܼࣗ໨૓ᄤ୴৶ছս໨૓ࠊ ‫֬׵‬ദࠪٚຽƗಝ‫ؾ‬ᆊဩ֬୴৶ྺး൏ ࡞ғ୆չ֥଩њèö

*M\PM+PIVOM૽࡞ധ๽࣐ҋ֬թߋ࠻ *M \PM +PIVOMᄼ൥၉۸૲ས֥ ෦ಭಜ֬૽࡞ധ๽è‫ن‬ఖಭߢ߷ၕƓ ෦ƔනƗ෸ᇂᄤӵເധ߽࣐ҋ֬թߋ ࠻Ɨ‫ܤ‬৪ྔࡍ௨ಭཟ‫׋‬ሷƗಥྔࡍ௨є ֫‫۾‬ૌ‫ށ‬è ๠‫*ݝ‬M \PM +PIVOM֬۹ᇜࠊ‫׵‬Ɨߢ ߷ၕ༗ຳЮ‫׀‬ಭཟϾٌൗྔࡍ௨єӵ၉ ۸‫۾‬൨‫ލ‬ഺࠊçვৈ‫ྯދ‬ང֬‫ࡌݚ‬è ߢ߷ၕනƗᆊ۸ቍᆵ҉ᇁ‫ܤ‬৪ಭ૓ಇ ཟƗ‫۾‬฻ӗಭ૓ྡྷ‫׵‬ఖদƗϣཟٌєӵ ཊ൓èö ‫ݚ‬սᆦᇔཿ߽࿗ഺ࠙ࠥའ႒۹རࠊ‫׵‬ ਽ບƗ၀ഭເ‫ݚ‬ս֬ᆦᇔཿ߽ᇽ༣ߢ ߷ၕಱເƗ෠ಝཿ߽ᇁႼ۸ӵ჻Ɨ֓ ൥෷૓एϾ֬ࠊ‫؂׵‬൥૲སᆣ۸‫ݚ‬սƗ ‫ݚؾ‬ս࿗ഺ၀࠙ࠥའ႒۹རࠊ‫׵‬è ॣาۜҍӐઉญ൥෷૓एϾቒᇞս֬ ࠊ‫׵‬è๠‫ݝ‬ᆊ۸௣ขƗ࿗ഺ୆თҍӐᆷ ࢫ‫ߌؚ‬Ɨ٘႟෷૓ቛເൺְۡࢤჩ֬ս ࿗ഺಜ฿‫ؚ‬ᆦ‫ڰ‬ᆦҭ֬ैٌè



࣡ྖനࡀ֬ขՔƗ‫ދ‬कႼ࿗ഺา‫֬׋‬მင‫׵ދ‬ቛƗ஬‫ދ‬ဍ჻ۡӘ ֬ѝཊ৶Ɨࢃཔഹ֬ᷧ৶ᅡཊ֫ਬ৞ࣗᇈèᅽ௒dອହ฻‫܉‬

ହս=VQAቍᆵएϾ۹རࠊ‫׵‬ƗಇA5+)ඒ༶֬۹۸ധ౼Ёሀา඀ಜ฿èи೉Ɨᇢ ଓւ਼ᇍᅷࠎᆇҞࠬಭಜಇ‫܋‬ჺְྯང‫׀‬١ພႺ༫ç‫֤ڪ‬ሸхᆨ‫ݠ‬๧؇ඇƗၢࠪा ᅡา඀ಭಜ๒໾֬ॢӸè   ᅽ௒dହս=VQA฻‫܉‬


ഹລ߽ၢႰଖ‫ڋ‬ಆ֬ဍ Ԣ‫ڋ‬۳Ӷཊၢࠪ‫׏‬ାา ཹ֬ࡍ್Ɨಥܻᇠս޲‫ݝ‬ᮖè Ⴕᇖ໚࿗߽एϾ֬ହဣ য়‫܄‬ս࿗པഹລ߽ᄤ)ࢊฝট ाᖬଥèЮ՘པഹລ߽༒ႋਛ ‫ئ‬ଇହս‫ދ‬ບཱུ֬࿗ഺఴদ ܻैƗ߽Ӎୄቝ໴ྻ༣Ɨఞ‫ٹ‬ ٫ӏಪਢè པഹລ߽࿑Ғ‫ڽڅ‬ƗୄಿѠ ԢྖґèाӍ੪ཥᅡཊਛ၉ཻ Ӎບ֬߄࿇Ɨ၀ಥսࡌ‫۾‬ਛࢺ པഹቍè པഹቍ֬‫ئ‬໑ဍ჻၉‫ܒ‬ເ սࡌӶཋਛϝ۸ࢲ଩Ɨ‫ٺ‬ഏ༶ ਍Ӎè෵Ⴜ֬པഹขՔ‫ދ‬ѝဍ ‫؂‬൥ဍ჻Ծቛࠎ‫ۆ‬ѐ֬Ɨൌ‫ٺ‬ ๓ࣔ࿗ഺഺࠊè ৯೉ाӍࢲ଩õ೟ռϩ‫ܧ‬ ࣡öƗဍ჻૓‫ۻ‬ओ‫ـ‬ඊ୆ཞ֬ û།Ⴚࡁüࣣ֬‫׌‬౭ࢲ‫ۆ‬ѐƗ

ᄤГԂჷႼ౭ࢲ֬ఴ฻༶Ɨ๠ ‫ྖ࣡ݝ‬നࡀç‫ڋ‬۳؆า֬ข ՔƗࡍ್कႼ࿗ഺา‫֬׋‬მင ‫׵ދ‬ቛƗࢃཔഹ֬ᷧ৶ᅡཊ֬ ਬ৞ࣗᇈè

õᆊ۸ࢲ଩ѝဍ‫ޚ‬ ӵ‫܆‬Ɨಥ໨ᅺߴਛ ‫ئޚ‬๧୔ཱུ֬ჺഺ ࠊߴၲèö

ᅭლ ହս‫׏‬ሷ‫܄‬Ӹ࿗ᄄ೟୔࠰ഺ

‫ؾ‬ᄤõ๧୔ಆൠöᇖƗ֙ࢊ ඔ‫៉ࡌػ‬ഏॢ๭๭නངߌЫ‫ن‬ ཊ൏Ɨ੮ࡋྜྷ଍٦ুൄ଱၉च ࿿৩֬୵Ԏõ‫៉ࡌػ‬ƌ୍ᅦఖ দƌϣ୍ۗғᄤ༶૲න֬ߌᇞ ‫ڶ‬ൌљöƗಥսࡌ‫؂‬ເ‫៉ࡌػ‬

ଢ଼ਛ၉ϣ‫ݷ‬è ‫ࢫؾ‬༶দ֬ߴպõুൄ࿰ ‫ڐ‬ৡႼࣸҙƗুൄ࿰‫ڐ‬ৡႼࣸ ҙƗুൄ࿰‫ڐ‬ৡႼࣸҙòö ஬‫ލ‬ဍ჻ഺ‫֬׵‬ѝ౭Ɨຢ ૌᅡཊԢਛ‫ݠ‬๧൏ఀ֬ๆᆎ‫ދ‬ ࠊ௩èܻᇠԩਛМ‫ن‬ಪਢ֬ᅮ ഹƗ‫۾‬൥ᄤୄྖമ԰ൎఖਛ๧ ୔֬‫ֶֶ׋׋‬è ‫׏‬ሷ‫܄‬Ӹ࿗ᄄ೟୔࠰࿗ഺᅭ ლƓ෦Ɣ‫ؚ‬õ๧୔ಆൠö֬ ࢲ଩ႍཧ‫ޚ‬മè ෷නƥõᆊ۸ࢲ଩ѝဍ‫ޚ‬ӵ ‫܆‬Ɨಥ໨ᅺߴਛ‫ئޚ‬๧୔ཱུ֬ ჺഺࠊߴၲèö ࠊ‫׵‬ԛӐ੮ࡋྜྷƓ෦Ɣѝ ൜෷‫ؚ‬ᆊ՘ລ߽֬Ԣ༣੸‫ޚ‬ન ၰè ෷҇ԐƗᆊ‫ދ‬ൌ‫֥ٺ‬໑֬࿍ Ե‫܄‬ቛ൥‫҉ٺ‬ा֬è ‫׏‬ሷ‫܄‬Ӹ࿗ᄄ‫֬࠰୔ل‬੮ࡋ ྜྷන" õ໨૓๠‫ݝ‬ᆊ՘ລ߽‫ܻۺ‬ ᇠւদਛߒৈƗ๤൏၀‫ن‬ဟਛ ᇖ߆֬Ե๫໚ߋèö

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05 CHRONICLE <-,@6<=ӏ୔ઉญ

‫ܤ‬৪Ю‫୔׀‬౥ಭማᇶ૚ཟս֐Ծྔ ໸ࡈၕĶИ֨


ࠩਛ྿‫҉ئ‬๤਼პ֬ఙ၃ࡌƗท ะಭഺ١སၢࠪ‫ن‬न࿗ഺ૓֬૚ ཟ൥<-,`6<=ᄤѥ‫ݡ‬ຝࣈೳ෵एϾ֬ ӏ୔ઉญཟးչ֥֬଩њè <-,`6<= ༗ຳ࿗ഺ૓୆Ⴎ‫۔‬ԾྔƗ ሴ༬මॐಭഺ଩њèఊᄂࣦ൥‫ܤ‬৪‫ئ۾‬ ୔౥ಭᄤॢ၃ၢບ਼֬პ‫ܙ‬මƗ‫ۺ‬ე෷ ૓‫߯ن‬Ծၰ֬௣ขèսᄆଇ‫ؚ‬ఙ၃‫ن‬ ᅡႼಪӬ֬ս࿗ഺҜࡍਛՕࠊ‫׵‬è ᆊ۸٫႖৭ࠖ‫ܙ‬ऑࠩਛ‫ڽ‬Ⴜ൞ࢿഏԾ ၰ֬‫ܙ‬ཟࡌƗѰౖ࠙ࠥས൞ࢿӗ֤Ծၰ ම੥èᆊ۸௣ข୆‫۾‬Ⴜཹ‫׀‬ಥսࡌ‫ن‬ѝ ཟٌƗѰϣ෸єӵཊ൓è

ఊ ᇖ ၉ ଇ ఙ ၃ ࡌ 5 [ õສൠࢬႼढ़୆֬ ቝฒ߽ഏთ࿗ഺ‫ٺ‬ཡõ πྖࢠሷö֬‫׋‬ሷè >QVQSI :IW‫ދ‬սࡌ‫ٺ‬ཡ೉ õπྖࢠሷöԢ‫ن‬ ‫ތ‬ս֐࿠૚ƗѰᄤເൠ၃ ‫ۇ‬୘ƥᇁးႼಪӬ ռ௚൏Ɨ҉း޴ં౛౭֬ ‫ދ‬ၰᇄƗ၉౔‫؂‬Ⴜ ‫׋‬൥ເਛ৺༩ၺ‫׀‬ਅ֬ ౭ੰè଺୶۹ሸ߽Ⴜ၉ ढ़‫ݓ‬è ढ़୆ӵᆎèö ۸ࢠሷƗᇁးఊᇖ၉١ ෹නƥõߴࡌಇۨෛ୍  ߢଆ಻Ⴏ৶࠱ࢠሷƗ਽၉١໴ ૓֬‫ں‬ଢ୍Ⴜ‫ئ‬π෷૓Ɨ  ࡋ‫ڙ‬ᰆϻ‫ܒ‬๤ԾϾಭ ઉᄤମ‫ؿ‬Ɨᇁးւሩࢠ ႀເᇁႼ෷૓߽‫҉୍ؚ‬ঢ় ሷƗ‫ے߽؂‬फ֥֫è ҉ఠèö5Q[[ :IW໘Ꮵ֬ ߢଆ಻მᇞྖӐ‫׀‬නƥõສൠࢬႼढ़ ဍࢊۨෛ࿗ഺྤ‫֬ڥ‬ढ़‫ݓ‬Ɨ෹‫ڋ‬ಆ֬ฒ ୆֬‫ۇ‬୘ƥᇁးႼಪӬ‫ދ‬ၰᇄƗ၉౔‫؂‬ ߌ‫؀‬ৈܻᇠè Ⴜढ़୆ӵᆎè ഭເࡋ‫ڙ‬ᰆϻ2WaN]T.ZWO,QOQ\IT1V ഭເഺ༅ҿႹ‫܋‬ය֬‫ܒ‬๤ԾϾಭƗ K]JI\WZ֬‫ܒ‬๤ԾϾಭߢଆ಻‫ڋ‬ಆ‫׀‬ᄤ

ହսཱུႽਦၙయႋႯሸ࠴ᅂҜთ õ1V +MTMJZI\QWVö ར଩ࣣ֬မḩḩႯ࿝ߓෘ ਟ௥ᇌӵ‫ڋ‬ӡƗ฻ӗߓГ࿦༖è ෷၀‫ދ‬սࡌ‫ٺ‬ཡਛϣऻ٬‫׿‬ᇌӵ‫ٮ‬ ਟ֬‫ݝ‬ӸƗӗ֤ોࡸ༅௝‫߽؂‬Ⴜ҉๤֬ ‫܆‬୆և໨૓ಇ‫ن‬न֬‫ۇ‬୘è ဍࢊႼచ‫ྦن‬Ⴜሀ჆Ծ၃ Ԣ༣ᆇᆴ၉֬ࡀෟࠖग़࿗༩၉୔࠰ ഺԬུᠸƓ෦Ɣනƥõᆊ۸ဍࢊ‫ޚ‬Ⴜ చ‫ྦن‬ƗಥႼၰԾ၃֬࿗ഺ૓ഏਛЖ‫ݓ‬ ֬၉ฝॢèö

቗ƥഭເഺ༅ҿႹ‫܋‬ය֬‫ܒ‬๤ԾϾಭƗହսཱུႽਦၙయᅂႯ࿝ߓෘਟ௥ᇌӵ‫ڋ‬ӡƗ฻ӗߓГ࿦༖Ʀ၀ᄤ֙ๆ֬ઉญ‫ދ‬սࡌ‫ٺ‬ཡਛϣऻ٬‫׿‬ᇌӵ‫ٮ‬ਟ֬‫ݝ‬ӸƗӗ֤ોࡸ༅௝ ‫߽؂‬Ⴜ҉๤֬‫܆‬୆և໨૓ಇ‫ن‬न֬‫ۇ‬୘èႾƥ਽၉໑ൺါ֬ఙ၃ࢿዉዉᆇƗ5Z)VLZM_/QOMZ֬ࢊቝè      ണႜdߢव೭


༒ႋധ߽҉๤ࢯұಭ൝ ອହĶИ֨

ႋࣔಭҜთ֬ହսሤႺധ๽ቍ ᆵ֬಍‫ݚ‬೟‫ݚ‬ೱᆡϦೞࠊ‫׵‬Ɨఊ ᇖ҉࣎Ўচྔࡍ௨ս࿗ഺçߕႼ‫࢓ࡄݚ‬ ੇ࿗ഺ‫ދ‬ᆶ჻Ɨၢࠪധ߽ಭ൝è ᆊӍиೞ჆ఴᇢ੉ᄤହဣսৣฝए ྡྷƗиೞ‫ٺ‬ເ೟‫ؚ‬೟ࣰ࠶çϝಭ࠙‫ٺ‬ೞ ਍۸ቍѠèೞᇌ‫ٺ‬ເԡೞç‫ڶ‬ೞ‫ދ‬बೞ ೟۸ࢯؔè ࣣ‫ݝ‬၉ๆ֬ࠞਢࣰᆡƗদሸହս‫ࠖ׏‬ თ‫׏‬ሷ‫܄‬Ӹ࿗ᄄ֬ව୔࠰ഺ੅ྒçਊᄐ ‫ࠤࢂދډ‬ᄽቍ‫ލ‬ၢमૺ֬஬‫ދލ‬ໞ‫֬׮‬ ‫߯ن‬Ⴎ‫^ا‬ቍܺलè ࠍ֫ଇ՘֬෷૓නƗ෷૓ເਛԛШи ೞ‫ؾ‬౞ਇƗ෵ၢᆊ՘୆ႚ֥ܺल‫֥ےؾ‬ ٫ӏྜྷ‫ڀ‬è Ы໠ࠪ෷૓Ⴎ‫ܺا‬ल֬૤भ൏Ɨ੅ྒ Ɠ෦Ɣ݉‫܆‬჆๽‫ؙ֬‬ଖఛè ෷නƥõ ၀྿໨૓‫؂‬൥‫ޚ‬း‫֬ށ‬஻ႽƗྖႼਹ༠ ၉‫׋‬๠ϛƗғ୆๤ྖᅥൂ‫ؚ‬൴ƌö

਽ບƗ਽၉ଇହսഺ‫ތ‬ՈᄐƓ෦Ɣ ᄤϝಭቍᇖѝཊౄဋƗࢃϝಭ࠙‫ٺ‬ೞܺ ल൳଼್ᇖè ᆊଇ‫ڽ‬Ⴜࣣမ֬Ғਟग़࿗თ‫܄‬Ӹ࿗ᄄ ‫࠰୔ل‬ഺᄤҜೞ൏Ɨവᇇ༒ႋਛඛൌಭ ֬ຽܻḩḩ෹ۡӘ֬எ࠶၀ಥܻᇠཏଧ ҉ၟè ࠲ᆭບཱུ‫ؙ‬໿෠ಝႀເ࢓๠ቌྋ‫ેؾ‬ φ൏‫֥ۑ‬ҜೞƗ֓෷૓ಶᄤሸႵႺ༫౼ սᅡഭ൴è ԩᆥ൛иೞບƗࠊ‫ߕ׵‬നᇉਛሸႵႺ ༫౼‫ࢺࢊދ‬ᆾ֤౼è ఴᆇ฻‫܉‬ਛ೟‫ݚ‬ೱܹ١Ԣϸ֬෵Ⴜছ ᅡЎ़எƗ‫܉‬۹໑೟‫ݚ‬ೱπ‫ށ‬ᆇ౔ղ‫ދ‬ ࢓ੇè‫ޱ‬ᆇႵиೞґ஘ເ҉ฅඊ༘೟‫ݚ‬ ೱ֬ҜთᆇࢊࢺႺ༫ࠕЮ݆ᄼƗЁ෷૓ ‫਼ঀ۾‬༈֥ᆊংႺ༫าႼ֬ᷧ৶è иೞࢹඖ‫ޱ‬Ɨ‫ئޚ‬ಭ‫؂‬ѝ൜иೞ൅৭ Ѱ҉߽ႜའ෷૓‫ؚ‬೟‫ݚ‬ೱᆊংႺ༫֬ಪ πè෷૓߽ᆡಃᄤັ‫֬ޱ‬иೞᇖռԢ‫۾‬ ‫֬ށ‬ӵࠢè

೟‫ݚ‬ೱᆡϦೞ҉֓ᅀృਛହս࿗ഺᆴ࡞֬࢓ੇƗ‫۾‬൥ၢ೟‫ݚ‬ೱᆊংսࡌඊ༘‫ދ‬༦ π֬Ⴚ༫ເૉࣁƗಥদሸ҉๤࿗ཱུç҉๤‫҉ދࡌݚ‬๤ᆶ၃֬Ҝთᆇ߁པ࢓ੇƦ‫ئޚ‬ ಭ‫߁؂‬པ੄༶৺༩١൛Ɨսࡌ҉֓ᄤиೞ‫ੇ࢓ދ‬ᇖ฿߽೟‫ݚ‬ೱ֬ৈಆƗ‫࢓ࢹ۾‬ਛ‫ޚ‬ ‫ئ‬஻ႽƗᅀృਛ๽‫ؙ‬ၰൔè ᅽ௒dອହ฻‫܉‬



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໠൞࡞‫ތ‬ເྤ‫ڥ‬ ᇢ߷଀

҉ঀৈ֬ჷႀֿ֥൥൐ીƪ ଩ఴࣣ႖ੱྡྷധჂಇ‫҉֌҉ݝ‬༶՘֬Ю‫׀‬ಭᅭᤶ ᆒනƗ҉֌Ѱ҉൥ບࢿ෵ཟཥ଱ဩƗ൥۸ેႼധ߽໠ ฼֬ঀৈ‫ࡌݚ‬Ɨᇁ҉‫֌҉ݝ‬ಭ֬ঀৈჾሸᆰቇè



ࢹඖ֬‫߽ݚ‬їઉ‫༺ޱ‬ఖਛ૽ᇠ‫ؚ‬õྤ‫ڥ‬ö֬ಪ ၷè ఊᇖƗ‫܄‬ಭ֛ᇽ༣ਦ೒৻ၢԾ৲õ‫ڥྤ૽ݚ‬ᆾඛö Ɠ/ZW[[ 6I\QWVIT 0IXXQVM[[Ɣ֬҉֌ເ৯Ɨ฻໠ྔࡍ ௨ቛເᆭԂࣉ୔ᄌᄤ৺‫޲ݚލ‬ს۹‫ݚ‬ၷ‫۾‬௣‫ޠ‬١൛‫ن‬ ᅡᆊརबၷ֬۸‫ࡌݚ‬ᆴ၉Ɨ໨‫ݚ‬ᆦ‫ڰ‬ռෟ೉‫ތ‬௦‫ܠ‬ ‫ݚ‬ಭྤ‫ےڥ‬Ɨၢ߽ࠪ‫ؚ‬ཊႼᆦҭቚԢ൐ી‫ן‬ᆣƗদ฻ ഽྔࡍ௨‫ڥྤ֬૽ݚ‬ᆾඛè ‫ދ‬෹๤ඒδჭୋࠩ࿑౼֬ྔग़ၷ჻ଔ‫ݞ‬ଖ‫ٵ‬ೳƗ၀ ᄤྔࡍ௨൥‫ݝڕ‬჆ሆᇞማ౷ࣣ࠽ᅀӐ֬ᇽ฼฻Ԣ෷֬ ઉ‫׋‬è Ю‫׀‬Ⴕߓ౶Եѳࠩ๽۲೒Ɠ/ZMaƔᄌ࣐ྡྷ֬၉ར ଇເõྤ‫ڥ‬Иۨö֬‫ן‬ҷෂ޳၀ᆭԂਛᆊ၉‫׋‬è ‫ן‬ҷᆓ‫ؚ‬उህߓࣩçࢤჩӸ؎çࡹॉመঊçࣣ࠽ఴ ࣦྗྖְ١૲Ɨး౷ҜთᆇၢເाྖƗເቒ҉ा ྖদࡀෟ۹ሸ֬ྤ‫ڥ‬ᆾඛèࢹ‫نݛ‬ཊƗ ᇇ!෦୔౥ ಭࣱ֬ྤ‫ڥ‬ᆾඛເƐè ҉‫ݝ‬ƗкᆇѰ҉๤ၰਦ೒৻‫ދ‬ଔ‫ݞ‬ଖ‫ٵ‬ೳܻ֬‫׋‬è ൵༼Ɨ෠ಝ҉֌‫ࡍྔދ‬௨‫؂‬ෟ൥ཱི‫ݚ‬Ɨ֓൥਍‫ݚ‬ ۹԰჆҉๤֬԰ࣩḩḩ҉֌൥ୱ၃‫ݚ‬Ɨ໨‫ݚ‬൥ߓ౶‫؂‬ ߽Ɨ਍ᆇᆴ࡞ેႼढ़иྦढ़ငè ఊ՘Ɨ‫ݚ‬ୄഺӈቀᆻƓ/ZW[[ ,WUM[\QK 8ZWL]K\Ɣ ‫ࡍྔؚ‬௨দනƗಶ൥۸ᇞး֬ࠕЮ‫ن‬ᅡᆾњƗ෵ၢ໨ ૓҉୆҉ሆᇞࣣ࠽ᅀӐè

ಭ֬၉ഺ҉ढ़୆ൠൠ೉ၰƗ෵ၢ း࿗߽ᆰቇӏৈèᆊ൥၉۸‫࡬ޚ‬ ֍֬֨য়Ɨսࡌ‫؂‬ଃਛƦಖන൏ ၥƗቚ൏଻è ಭᆴ෵ၢঀৈƗ҉൥ႀເ֥֫֬‫ئ‬Ɨ‫ؾ‬൥ႀເࡀࢧ ֬ങè Ю‫୔׀‬౥ಭ՝ཱིः࿗߽߁པஒиḩḩ෷૓ྖᇖ၀Ѭ ԂሩးႡႼ+֬ྔࡍ௨૚ƥడӡçࣈలç‫܋‬წçङৈ ҍ߽჻़‫ྗދ‬Ⴏ़ƓKIZKI[PKWVLWKW]V\ZaKT]JIVL KZMLQ\KIZLƔè ๴௒ǧະક༶ᄢ ࠎ྿Ɨ୔౥ಭᄤર଩ማ౷༅ᇐ֬‫ݝ‬Ӹ֙ᇖƗၟິࡁ ਛቒԡ֬ૌ‫ށ‬èкᆇѰ҉൥ёֵྔࡍ௨૚Ɨ‫ؾ‬൥ࢀၷ ී ߌ න Ɨ ల ҉ ൥ ສ ୆ Ɨ ે ల ಖ ສ ສ ҉ ୆ è ། ١ ‫ן‬ᆣྖฆƥಭ҉ྺးᄣႡႼ‫؎ݝ‬ഝ߆֬༅ᇐഺࠊ‫ޱ‬Ɨ ࿗ᆇછඵઓ֬ྺ౷ұ՘য়ઉƓ5I[TW_’[ 0QMZIZKPa WN ғ‫ن‬ཊ߆২֬У‫ޱ‬ႌҦሩ֬࣡റ३‫׺‬è 6MML[ƔƗःӉ൫ਛ‫ࡌݚ‬ಭ૽း༼નቇቒࠕЮ֬ഺয়ྺ ুሷۡ؎‫ۇ‬চਛಭთҔ༅ଇ৭֬їᆪܸ༩ƥõቓଔ ౷ा൚ƗғႼढ़୆ማ౷ቒۡұ՘֬࣡റყ౷è ս჆ढ़ყƗࠒଔս჆҉ᆰቇƦ ंଔս჆ყ֫è‫ܪ‬ᆰቇ ࣣ࠽ࠕԫब‫׮‬ഏұࢀሄƗ‫ؾ‬໨‫ݚ‬ᆦ‫ڰ‬ᄤࢀ‫ݚ‬ၢদӵ ᆴቇƗӏቇèöಭ֬၉ഺ҉ढ़୆ൠൠ೉ၰƗ෵ၢး࿗ ‫܆‬ಥࣣ࠽ӶӐఀۡ෕ໞࡹᅀӐ ߽ᆰቇӏৈèᆊ൥၉۸‫֨֬֍࡬ޚ‬য়Ɨսࡌ‫؂‬ଃਛƦ ଱ીƗೖྔࡍ௨ಭ‫҉؂‬ԚԀç҉ԚԳƗЮ‫୔׀‬౥ಭ ಖන൏ၥƗቚ൏଻è

‫ٺ‬༌ᆓ‫ؚ‬Ю‫׏׀‬൱झõව‫ئ‬öூ௦ ໸ࡈၕ


ൺᆡၷ֬ ௛֨ৼ࿊झûව۸ ૑எ၉۸૚üᄤИᅪഏƗ૲Ҍ ഏƗ‫؂‬ढ़ၢै֥݃ٞ֬ะઉè ൠࡸ֬ఖႀদሸ჆િ‫܄‬ҍࡠ‫نࡌݚ‬ ᅡҍᆦ༇ҍӐৠᒹཁᄤ૲Ҍഏ֬‫૲ڼ‬ ௦ࡕḩḩ෷फ֫ࣔ୔দ֬Ю‫߆׀‬໚झ ֬ขՔᄇদᄇેമ؎è ҍӐफ֫ဍ჻ቀ൥๠‫ݮॲݝ‬দѝչ ‫ے‬౭Ɨ‫ؾ‬໴ٌ๠‫ؚݝ‬ϩদԵ‫ׅ‬ƗߕႯ õ‫ئ‬öদቀ‫ދ‬Ю‫ৼ׀‬༫झ֬௝ᇐƥ


ભજ‫ئ‬çଯ‫ئݮ‬çᆡᆺ‫ࠪئ‬ϓફ‫ئ‬è ෷ಱເᆊ൥ႀເ‫ؚ‬ϩ֬മ؎҉ቇƗಥ ߆໚झƗಓ‫ي‬მငၣඓè кᆇಱເҍӐ֬ூ௦Ѱ٫಍໴֨ য়è‫ݚئޚ‬ಭ୆๠‫ݝ‬໖ྙ‫׏‬൱দܻै ఊ෸‫֬ࡌݚ‬༫झƗѰफ֫෸૓иЮ‫׀‬ झ‫۾‬୆༒ႋ‫ݚ‬ಭ֬଩݂è ҉‫ݝ‬Ɨкᆇ၀ಱເЮ‫׀‬झ‫ދ‬ఊ෸‫ݚ‬ ࡌ֬ৼ࿊झѰ҉୆པ฻Ѱઉèᇖ‫ދݚ‬ ‫ࣣݚݩ‬ӏ஌‫ܥ‬ሔझƗ‫ؚ‬ϩࢧሓᇞƗ൉ ౭߉ၰƗ໴ٌ‫ދ‬Ю‫ࡌ׀‬๝ৼ࿊झቚ۸ ‫܋‬௣֬‫ؚ‬иè ᆓ‫ؚ‬ٟ࡞֬჋ઉƗྔԵૉ֬ߴ႒ ൥Ɨ෷૓߽‫׮‬ఀເၣಭ฻‫܉‬ሌ၃֬ந ࿥ϲƗ฻ഽဍ჻֬ဍ࠶Ɨ๤൏၀ѝ ൜Ю๹‫׏‬൱झ೉ûཱི୙಩üၢࠪûδ មüᄤ‫ྦࡄݚ‬໾ขഏൌ‫ٺ‬ൺߒ႙è кᆇಱເોҍ‫׏‬൱झ‫؂‬Ⴜ҉๤֬ሾ ᇂè҉൥ોҍ‫߽؂‬Ⴜ༬୏֬ขՔƗࢤ ჩྦ֬ୄಿè ෠ಝႼཻ༫झৡ֬झ౭చ‫ن‬჆ಷӏ ഺࠊቛ༖Ɨ֓൥༫झ‫ئئ‬ങങߕ൥и ཊ൓߄౒çॸᅭè ો၉ҍৼ༫झा൚ᆴఴ҉‫߽؂‬Ⴜ၉ ᄼ૮ᄺഹଃઞƪõЮझՉඒྻ‫ܙ‬Ɨ೉ Ⴜ৉๤ƗՉඒ్‫ލ‬èö฻ྣܻᇠ҉း ຢຢ಍಍‫׀‬ϣৼ࿊झৡ֬౉ؔ֙ӵᆎ ൓֬è ો۸ಭ‫ؚ‬჆҉๤֬‫׏‬൱ࢲ଩‫߽؂‬Ⴜ ҉๤֬ࡵࢺƗЏё֬௦ࡕఊ൓‫؂‬୆ಥ ࢲ଩ࠍ֫‫֬ئ۾‬ሆ଩è֍ै൳൱੸ः ୆ҷԢ‫׏‬൱झ֬ൺߒ႙ᆾඛƗཔྗܻ ᇠ֬ဋࣜ൥࿙਑֬Ɨ߽ሸྡྷ஘ؕମ၉ ҍ‫׏‬൱झᆻܻ֫഍è


‫ג‬ᄤЮ‫׀‬௛௛ԵԢ֡х֬ ཯༖èሸ!୔ఖƗၟࣣ Ⴜ੉ࡌඇ‫֡ג‬хƗఊᇖЎচ৬ൕ Ⴒࣹ֬ഌ༇ႍඇܽè ະકീྡྷ֬౻൤ࡍഏᇍ߷ྟ൴ ࠖç௣Ϸ‫׏‬ାç൴฻‫׏‬ାְग़࠶ ӈ௝੫࿊૲൮Ɨಥඇ‫ג‬ᆥ૲਩࿿ ऴ֬ॐမè ᇾଇૌ‫ݚ‬ඇ‫ג‬௝எѷ֪ඵ Ɠ*WZLMZ[Ɣ֬਍࡞‫ྡྷٺ‬པࡆᄤഏ ਍۸ᄌಙ‫ܸ׮‬૑èᅂࣣ൥πඇᆴ ಭ֬ൃ‫׀‬Ɨ೉ࣉે઒Ɨ൓ᄤࢨಭ ວ༛è ԩਛႀ‫ג‬ୄඇࠨᇜ৒௜‫ي‬Ɨࡍ ഏ‫ئݝ‬ሮࣈЫ๮ሮᄤ٫ඇࠨӈ௝ ഏƗඇࠨ཮ਏ҉ࡋ‫۾‬൥ӥֿռॹ ਛᆊ۸௝எè ‫׏‬ሷඇࠨ֬Ԣཊढ़୆൥֤ᇈ ඇ‫ג‬ୄ֬ඇࠨᇓ཮֬ఊᇖ၉۸ჷ ႀè‫׏‬ሷඇࠨൗԵ๫ᄎ؇଍൛ߜ ಝ၉ྔƗ೉ࣉᇁྺᄤະഏං್ඇ ଇƗः୆౥ළ༶ᄢຢᆣ֬ඇࠨƗ ෢൏෢‫׀‬ᄎ؇è ԩՕᆴບƗྔࡍ௨ඇ‫ג‬௝எ၄ ၉ฝƓ8IOM 7VMƔढ़୆၀߽ҋഏ ѷ֪ඵ֬‫ޱ‬Ӫè ໑჆ᙢ‫څ‬ӳ֬၄၉ฝᄤଃ୔ ᄌढ़୆૲਩ܸхູ֬ࠖè၄၉ฝ ֬ቀґณငƗ‫૲ג‬ો୔‫૲؂‬਩W ֥ ສ֬ঋ෬è ‫׏‬ሷඇࠨ‫ݚؚ‬ಭႜའമᄀ ढ़ཟ‫ؾ‬ᆰƗ‫׏‬ሷඇࠨ֬ԢཊƗ

཈ಝ‫ؚ‬໨‫૽܋ݚ‬ႜའ‫۾‬മèᄤ ୔ᇇᄌ࡞Ɨཔࢧ჆ఊ෷ ‫ױ‬ହ࿷‫ࡌݚ‬Ɨྔࡍ௨֬ᇍ߷ྟ ൴ࠖ‫ދ‬1XWLൗႯᆇᅀࡍ è ௡ ‫ ྔ ݛ‬๾ Ԣ ֬ ‫ ׏‬ሷ ඇ ƓQ*WWS[Ɣ‫۾‬ເ١ѓƗ୆ৼࢫ ֬‫׏‬ሷඇॶ฻‫ئ܉‬չສЮඇ ࠨƗսҍ‫ٺ‬ඇࠨ‫؂‬ढ़ၢ૮‫܉ٵ‬ ಭ༶ᄢè ՝‫ؿ‬๧ඇçளᘨඇ֥۹ᇜᄝ ᇄ‫؂‬ढ़ၢᄤ‫׏‬ሷඇॶৡᅺ֥Ɨ ಭ૓ሸಝः҉߽֥ඇ‫ܚג‬ઠޯ ൓֬ඇࠨਛè თՕ๤൏ƗಷЮඇ‫ג‬௝எࡇ ၏‫ݚ‬໳ඇ‫ג‬Ɠ3QVWS]VQaIƔ௤ ሩఊਥষન଩֬ඇࠨᇜ৒Ɨᄤ ‫ݚ‬ୄЫྭޯ֬ᆭԂᆇႡցè ᆊ၀ࢺ൫ਛເ‫ࡇތ‬၏‫ݚ‬໳ඇ ‫ג‬ඇࠨ֬ࡕઙ෠ಝࢧۡƗ֓ၮ ୆ሐಃႛ৭Ɨၢᇇ჆ӵ‫֚־܆‬ ‫׏‬ሷඇࠨ֬ຶ྄è ໴ढ़‫ڕ‬ಱƗ‫ݚ‬ಭ‫ؚ‬჆ᄎ؇֬ ྜྷಆƗႴఊ൥౤ങ୔ᆊ၉ТƗ ཈֫սເࢍֵè ӭ୑჆‫׵׏‬Ⴚ༫ሸಝ൥ჷႀ ᆴ၉Ɨ๤൏၀ႀᇍ߷ྟ൴ࠖç ௣Ϸ‫׏‬ା֬‫ن‬ଃƗ ಭಭ൴ᇖ໫Ⴜ၉ࡖࡂढ़ၢ๠ ‫ߌ׏‬çԵ࡬࿦ƗჂढ़ၢഏະç ພႺ༫֬ӈ௝Ɨඇࠨः໴Ⴏ໺ ᆴ‫׀‬ਛè ᆻ֫౰ྤ֬൥Ɨ೉ࣉᄤ‫࢓܋‬ ഏƗಶढ़ैࡵ൴ഏ໫ሩඇࠨᄤ ᄎ؇֬ಭ૓Ɨᇁ൥୔਴ұ‫؂‬௑ སϩ਼ࢯұƗཔྗೖး‫ے‬ಠ౤ ങ୔૓Ե๫ᄎ؇ૌ֪ࢃྺ߄‫ٵ‬ ၉‫֬׮‬৶ఞè

‫׏‬ ሷ ඇ ໋ ಝ ӵ ‫ڋ‬ ඇ ‫ג‬ ൺ ༢

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ϫє୶ອ֤֬ဍ૚൚ᇛેõ஥öบ ၉൴ЎϾ‫׏‬ႜ֬ᇌቛ‫ޱ‬Ɨᆎ൓ณ੸֬ሓૣ࿙ᆷငၟထडႆଥఴ֬‫ئ‬ᇞ࢟೫Ɨ૔ഺັଥ‫نޱ‬ᅡ֬୘๯è ᆊ၉ఀƗःಥᇖ໚ѐࠧᇢ߷଀‫ދ‬ᅭࡹवদເ୍ࢪ൜ၣಭ֬ॴთৈè

Ɨࡂᆾࣖ஥ƗჂᆾ஥ଗƗവᇇ൥ቒᇛ઒ ३֬஥ႜèሓૣ࿙࠮ࢃᄤ༶۸ᄌ‫֬ྡྷن‬ ྔ‫׏‬ႜû၉஥‫ުؾ‬üᇖƗõ஥öႼਛ‫۾‬മ၉ұ ֬‫ݪ‬ၳè ൵՘֤֙ဍࡠ୶ᇽ࢟֬෹නƥ õ໨҉པྗ ၣಭ୆၉஢‫֬ުؾ‬য়ઉèેႼಭ߽ཥ஢֗၉ ဩƗ၉஢‫ުؾ‬èးᄤვৈಈުƗः֫༼ફફଏ ਇƗ஥၉ؔ൏࡞èö ୔ఴߕᄤ1௛֨ఴഭ5MLQI_WZS[‫܄‬ቛ֬ ෹ƗႯõਚ֡öদྠಿഺࠊ‫܄ދ‬ቛƗ༗ຳ୆ເ ሸ࠴õሏ྆၉۸࢟೫öè ሓૣ࿙නƥõ଱൏Ⴜ‫׋‬૒Ɨ၉ᆷᄤቚѠಭ ֬‫ܙ‬ම‫ۇދ‬୘èഭເၣಭƗ໨૓൥ᄤቒ‫ޱ‬၉۸ ҋᇮғԢཊƗ‫ેޚ‬Ⴜӵः‫ے‬èö ჆൥೟୔ఴ‫ދ‬஻Ⴝਔๆ൏ฒ֥ሸ࠴֬झ ЮƗ஻Ⴝࢀၷϣ෸஌ӵ‫׏‬ႜƗႵՕ‫ؾ‬૔ഺ஌û ၉஥‫ުؾ‬ü֬ᇽၰè ෹ࠞ‫׀׵‬නƥõ໨ສສેཟ֥୔‫ޱ‬Ɨ֙ ୔֬૚ཟࣉๆ߽Ыϳഏսႆଥèö ෹‫ྒޚ‬໕ሸ࠴ߕϣझЮ൳ᄤԕๅৡƗႀເ ԩਛᆊཱཻི༬ࢲᆴບƗ‫ئޚ‬ൠ౭‫؂‬ГԂ҉єè ෹ณင஌‫׏‬ႜႼ၉‫؎଻֬׮‬èເਛಥ‫׏‬ႜ Ⴜᆎ൓‫ے‬Ɨ෹҉༛วာЎ߄ਛ੉໑ඛƗ‫ދ‬ၣඓ ቀ࡚ഌਏӍࣦ֬စ೫‫ދ‬ဍ჻֬‫ڢ‬ሔè ᄤᇌቛ‫ݝ‬ӸᇖϹဍ‫ئ‬ᇞ࢟೫֬෹ѝ൜Ɨ֬ ಙ‫ܫࡠ଻ޚ‬Ɨ෵ၢ༗ຳሸ࠴҉൥୶ᇽ࢟Ɨ‫ށ‬ಥ ෹ᅽ‫֬ئ۾֥ܫ‬༬ࢲè҉‫ݝ‬Ɨᇌቛ๽‫ދؙ‬ഌࡌ ‫؂‬༗ຳ෹ဍƗႀເᇁႼ෹ғႼ‫֬ྟ׌‬ሓૣ࿙༦ ‫ڋے‬۳è ሓૣ࿙නƗ஌‫׏‬ႜးႼ၉‫֬׮‬ᆰଇ؎Ɨғ иࢧಿၥᅺഌࡌ๮ሮè෹ѰેႼ‫ދ‬ఊ෷֬Ю‫׀‬ ֤ဍഌਏ‫ݝ‬Ɨᅺদ֬ဍ჻၀‫؂‬ाႽ౭ࡕè ᄤᄌಷഏ႟֬û၉஥‫ުؾ‬üۗ‫ށ‬ԑ ሖûତ݂ᆴӳƥ௬ིüƓ<PM <_QTQOP\ ;IOI" *ZMISQVO ,I_VƔèሓૣ࿙ᆷငƥõ<_QTQOP\ ‫ؾ‬ၟγƌඩஊඩƌսࡌ‫؂‬ढ़ၢᄣै၉ҍ‫׏‬ႜ ഭເ၉ॠ၀ང҉༶দ֬ຢૌᇽၳᆇƗሓૣ࿙଻֫ढ़ၢԕԢ൏࡞ᄤѥ‫ ݡ‬γƌö҉‫ݝ‬෹࣌ࢫሩනƗ༗ຳ‫׏‬ႜᄄ୆‫ئئ‬ᆭ ຝࣈೳ֬+IZVQ^WZMࢫൺЮИ֬؆ࡌሌ٧Ɨӕฒ‫׏‬ႜԛШ‫ݝ‬Ӹ‫߄ދ‬࿇ၢ ԂЮ‫׏׀‬ႜè ࠪဍၣ֨੥ഏ֬‫ֶ׋‬è    ണႜdᅭࡹव   Ы໠ࠪௗ٣଩њƗ෹නƗ೉‫ݛ‬չ֥਍ϫສ 

ླྀ ࢋ Ѱ ҉ ൥ ᆎ ᆥ ֬ ঀ ৈ

༦‫֬ڽڅے‬ሓૣ࿙ᄤႆଥఴఫ ሯϫฆƗဍࠊਛ྿‫ࡌئ‬უ߃ི֬ ࢟೫Ɨи೉ᇠ෵ࢬᆰ֬٪Ⴂ4M\Q KQI‫ދ‬ᇖ‫ࠨݚ‬ၔ૽4]4]ְְè ฒ֥ମ၉۸࢟೫ቒक๎ᅥྦƗ ᆷ੸֬෹ಱເ଍٦၉‫҉؂׋‬ঙ ଻Ɨ٘‫ؾ‬फ֫‫ޚ‬ሸᄤèᆊଇླྀࢋ නƥõો၉۸࢟೫֬๎ᅥྦ‫҉؂‬ ۡƗᇞး֬൥ᆣ۸๽‫؂ؙ‬٫ӏ୴ ৶‫׀‬ෘᄶ۹۸࢟೫Ɨ༗ຳಥսࡌ ႍཧമॠèö ᆓ‫ؚ‬൥‫ڕ‬ଝ۸ಜ฿߽‫ؚ‬෹֬଍ ٦‫҉֥ے‬નƗ෹ߴպƥõ୍ેႼ ‫ܒ‬ଅƗᄿဩླྀƪ໨ѰેႼᆓ‫ؚ‬ರ ‫ތ‬ᇜ቉‫ދ‬໚ߋè<PMXWQV\Q[M^M ZaJWLa SMVIƓᇞ‫׋‬൥ો۸ಭ‫؂‬ᇖ ֬ၰමƔö ࢫሩƗ෹҇Ԑƥõ༦झႼ൏ް ढ़୆ॸᅭਛ၉‫׋‬Ɨढ़൥‫֬ށ‬༦झ ш྽྆൓Ɨ๠ӏ༦झ֬ླྀ‫׋‬দሸ ൥ܻᇠ୆৺ཟ֥෷૓ᇢຽ෵Ԣཊ ֬ಭèö ෹‫ࡁؚ‬ᆇณငƥõ༦झࠎ྿൥ ‫ن‬ഺᄤ໨ഭഏቒ‫֬ށ‬ൠè༦झࣾ ਛ໨èö

ሓૣ࿙ᅂ਍؎ࠍ֫ުྙսࢉൌ սቒൺߒ႙୶ၣಭƗಇ୔ၢõ<PM 6WW[Mö‫ދ‬ûМਟ‫݅ુޘ‬üටਟ್ຽ ࿷ᇤ‫׏‬൱սࢉõቒࡋ༦झဍ჻öè ‫ ؚ‬჆ ࢉ ར Ɨ ‫ ئ‬ғ ‫ ئ‬ၣ ֬ ෹ फ ֫ õӘ҉ᇞးöè෹නƥõ໨ᆎ֬‫ޚ‬ ҉ཟႚರ‫ࢉތ‬རƗႀເ໨‫ޚ‬ஊഏข ࢊߌè೉‫ݛ‬໨ેଭࢉ֬ߌƗ໨߽ළ ၉८ఞèö ۸ྦ҉൨‫ލ‬ᆊ၉ྡྷ ሓૣ࿙ࢫሩསࡁᆇ๰੤Ɨफ֫ሸ ࠴҉൨‫ލ‬ဍၣᆊ၉ྡྷè ෹მᇞྖӐ‫׀‬නƥõቚਛᆊી‫ئ‬ ୔ଥఴ֬‫܄‬ቛƗ໨फ֫൥ߴಇଥ‫ޱ‬ ֬൏ްèö෹ಱເဍ჻֬‫܄‬ቛи֤ ဍ‫ॴྒྷ۾‬Ɨ‫֤֙ؾ‬ဍ၉‫଻҉؂׋‬è Ы໠ࠪເ‫ތ‬Ҝთ‫׏‬ႜ֬଱ી‫ئ‬ ߓࢲƗඒࣈ୫ቝ֬෹ᆷငƥõ໨Ⴜ ѯḩḩ໨Ⴜᆊ۸ຢૌᇽၳ֬ѯƓ7J [M[[Q^M+WUX]T[Q^M,Q[WZLMZƔƗ‫଻ޚ‬ ٩൴èö ᅂࣣःႼИ֨ᆾԢƗሓૣ࿙ᄤ࿩ ৶༶Ɨ޲༒ঙ଻è‫ؚ‬ՕƗ෹ณငሸ

࠴ᅂࢫൺྖয়‫ދ‬թ૫ᇔਖƗ༗ຳ୆ ‫ܛ‬඄ߖ࣌ᅭ֬౭࿉è ෹නƥõ໨‫ݤޚ‬ஊ֍؆֬൏࡞Ɨ ෵ၢ൏ॠ‫ྺ؂‬းલલ੣੣Ɨ‫ٺ‬ೢሸ ࠴֬ሆၰ৶è֙໨ӭࣖሸ࠴֬ම࿉ ൏Ɨ໨߽໴ٌ޲༒Ɨ෸ःཥ၉۸٘ ത‫׵‬ቛ၉ဩèö ෹࣐၉ҋ҇Ԑƥõ။ഺන໨໴ٌ ‫ঀ֥ے‬ৈƗႀເ฿ୄ֬ଝཻߋ࿗༅ ᇐ҉௣‫ޠ‬è෠ಝ໨ैఖদ‫ࠊޚ‬ᄈƗ ढ़൥໨఻ಓୄ٬᥻Ɠ-VLWZXPQV[Ɣ Ɨ൥‫ঀ଻ޚ‬ৈ֬èö


û၉஥‫ުؾ‬üඒ჆၉ҍ৪ᇄ‫׏‬ႜƗ ԩਛಥܻᇠ‫ؚ‬ვৈಈଥ‫܄ޱ‬ቛႼ‫۾‬മ၉ ұ֬ਛࢺᆴບƗ၀ങ҉ਛ଺ᇽ࢟δീƓ ߢަഽ൬Ɣ‫ދ‬δࢗƓሓૣ࿙൬Ɣ๊֬૧ π౭‫ܪ‬ൠè ‫׏‬ႜેႼา‫ܻ֬׮‬ᇠಜƗ൨‫ލ‬᚟ࡌ ܻ഍è‫׏‬ႜႼ3]UIZ‫ދ‬4M\QKQIᆊཻႼಆ ֬࢟೫Ɨ ௛֨֬ଔཱི਱ç8WZV[ISְ ၣಭƗၢሸ࠴֬ഭ‫ځ‬ॡԸè ഏ႟ಷఀƥᄌಷ ֬ߌƗཱི‫ݍ‬ः߽Ͻઑ஥ᄲƌ ฒཱི֥‫ݍ‬൏Ɨሓૣ࿙ྜྷ‫֨ݮ׀ڀ‬ƥõ໨π ඼෷ਛƌö õ෷ಭӘ‫ށ‬Ɨཥ၉۸‫ݠ‬ሷƗႼๆᆎ໴ྂ֬ ၉૲Ɨ‫֍ޚ‬Չç໴‫ܜ‬Ɨಥಭཟးᅽ‫ܫ‬෷èöՕ ൏Ɨሓૣ࿙ःսತƥõҠਛƗ߽҉߽‫ޚ‬ཥু I]V\QM'႒‫ࢨۅ‬.MTQKQI+PQVဍƌö ሓૣ࿙҇ԐƗཱི‫֬ݍ‬ฆ؎‫ށޚ‬Ɨৈ჆ӎ൲ ҉๤֬ဍၽ١൛è ҉‫ݝ‬Ɨ຾၉ಥ෹ࢧ֋ྖ֬൥ཱི‫ݍ‬ᆴఴ஌஄ ཥझ‫ؾ‬ொ‫ژ‬ḍ‫ޘ‬Ɨ࡮ࠧ֬൏ްш྽‫ן‬ᆣစ೫è

၉սϣ୔ࡇƗ໨ߕ୆Ⴜ࿑ᄻ֬჌‫׀‬ઞƪö ଃ୔ᄌᄆન֬෹Ɨᆥᄤ‫ྔދ‬Եૉదฒ ࿊ᄆ֬༬ࢲèฒ֥ࢫ༶দ֬ռෟ൏Ɨ෹༗ ຳો୔‫؂‬୆஌၉ҍ‫׏‬ႜƗಖ҉߽ᄣҜဍè ෹ाພླྀනƥõ༶၉ҍ‫׏‬ႜ൥๤ྦਅ֬ ᇽ฼Ɨᅺཨ࣪ิ‫ދ‬ৠิ֙ᇽ࢟Ɨझଇûಥ ໨ีี୍üèö

õ٫ӏࢫൺöࢻׄਅ ୆ಥ෹ᄧ൏ິಖٗି֬ൠƗः൥ ๗ሩ஄ཥཨ࣪ิ۪֬౾è ෹ྜྷ‫׀ڀ‬නƥõ໨֬ቒπ൥ཨ࣪ ิè໨൥෷ׂ֬၉‫ٿރ‬රèö෹ߕ ᄤሌ٧֬ᇖ๶ƗวԢ൴ࠖ‫ࡁۺ‬ᆇै ෹౛൴߉ཨ࣪ิ֬߉ཥè ሓૣ࿙വᇇѝ൜٫ӏࢫൺࢻׄ ਅƗᇁ༗ຳ‫ؚ‬١कШғ߆è ෹නƥõ໨ᇁ൥ЫႼғ߆֬ಭ༒ ႋƗఊ෷֬‫଻ޚ؂‬༒ႋ֥໨è໨‫؂‬

ഭເཨ࣪ิ֬๯‫ٿރ‬රƗሓૣ࿙‫߯ن‬ԾၰƗ ᄤࡌ߉ਛ၉‫ڝ‬ཨ࣪ิ֬߉ཥ٩ᄤॡ๖Ɨ‫ށ‬ಥ ෹ӛමତཟè  



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ማၲ༼ਢऑ൵ລ౫ ෫ᇖ೽ହဣࡇ୘ܽƓລ౫ჺƔᄤᄌ!ಷᇞྔा٩è๤൏Ɨ၉Ӎսྟ໚ߋࠊ‫׵‬õ໚ߋᷮဗၣລ౫ö ၀჆֙ๆটाਛ࿄ଥèᆣ۸‫ৣ׌‬Ⴘ೉၉۸սྟ֬஑‫ؚ‬ƗЮ‫׀‬྿‫ئ‬ၣಭ၀߽֥Ӎሀྜྷè ಥ໨૓‫ۼ‬෢ࡁᆇܸᅽ߰‫࣍ݩ‬ᄍ࣐ྡྷ၉Ӎ໚ߋᆴੱè

ྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈϫ୔ ᆴࡄƗᇞྰ‫ޱ‬ ֬෫ᇖ೽ହဣࡇ୘ܽ Ɠລ౫ჺƔᄤᄌ! ಷᆥ൛ा٩è ๤൏Ɨ၉Ӎսྟ໚ ߋࠊ‫׵‬õ໚ߋᷮဗၣ ລ౫ö၀჆֙ๆটा ਛ࿄ଥèᆊ၉ࠊ‫ࢃ׵‬ ᇽ฼ଈଇເõӼ༼చ ‫ޱ‬öƗས෫ᇖ೽༼ഺ ᇈ࣪ƗѰ‫ܤ‬৪߆ಭ‫ޱ‬ ၯѬӼྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈ༼ਢ ֬࣡റƗࢃ߆ಭ֬Ե ๫໚ߋԵӼ༶ಇè õ໚ߋᷮဗၣລ ౫öເఀ೟ᇢƗఀ࡞ Ⴜ۹ᇜႼܸ߆ಭԵ๫ ໚ߋ֬ဍԢთ‫܄‬ቛٟ ੫࿊࣐ྡྷè

ਦ೒ഺᄤᇈՑᇖѝ ൜Ɨ༗ຳ๠‫ݝ‬ᆊ՘֬ ໚ߋࠊ‫׵‬দ฻ྣ಍౶ ߆ಭƗࣉๆ֬ӵः֫ দ҉ၥƗ๤൏দࠞ‫ن‬ ౤ങ୔‫ؚ‬ᇖ߆໚ߋ֬ ಪ౭è ֋ರᆊ՘ࠊ‫׵‬Ծၰ ቀ࡚֬Ю‫׀‬ᇾଇ֤ဍ Ӯሷయ၀Ҝთਛाଥ ‫ৣ׌‬è෷ᄤൺ٧൏ѝ ൜Ɨເਛ༒ႋЮ‫׀‬౤ ങ୔Ɨา‫׀‬ҭߊਛ۹ ᇜ୆თܻᇠ߁‫ࢲ֬׵‬ ଩Ɨᄤᄌಷएྡྷ ֬ӝझဍԢõ੉‫ݚ‬ս ‫چ‬པöƗܻᇠ‫ދ‬ဍ჻ ၉ఖҜთਛਃ௽ࠂ߉ ࠊ‫׵‬è ໚ߋၓࠝᆴੱ

ᆦးԢ༣ाଥ൛ ഏ໽ाଥၕ൛Ⴕ ‫ڳ‬ቀয়ᅭᇄཁ౛ሸᇽ ԂƗఴບ࢓ҍӐçລ ౫ჺ಻ც‫ܫ‬໠သ಻໚ ၀Ԣ༣ਛᆊ՘֬ा ଥèՕບƗ‫ئ‬ଇ দሸ‫ݡ‬ୄບ֬ࡈѦ၀ ൺါҜࡍè ᅭᇄཁృ‫ן‬ਛລ౫ ჺᄤ৬ൕ‫ދ‬໚ߋഏ֬ ᇞးၰၳè෷ᆾԢƗ ລ౫ჺ҉֓ເྔࡍ௨ ‫ދ‬ᇖ‫ݚ‬਍‫׀‬ಭ૽฻‫܉‬ ᇞး৬ൕҜᅽƗߕས ൞ಭᅡ൜ྔࡍ௨߆ಭ ֬؆า‫ڋ‬җè

ᄌಷ౩ӫƗ Ӯሷయ֤ဍ౛ሸւ਼ Ҝࡍ໚ߋၓࠝᆴੱ֬ ႺॡƗҋྡྷҜܻਛછ ৡ൝෷੥਍я֬໚ߋ ၓࠝƗ೉໶ҩսѼ‫܋‬ ૹƗሔ൬ၣඓ‫ڋ‬۳֬ ࣿ‫ג‬໳çછৡ൝෷ٟ ‫ދ‬Ե๫૲Ў‫ְג‬è ᄤ໚֪੥თછৡ൝ ෷࢓ࢿ԰ƗႼ۸৬ൕ Ⴒࣹ֬േҶ๜Ɨ༊ಷ ൥ເ੥ಭç೟઄ӡ‫ږ‬ ְ฻‫܉‬૮‫ٵ‬Ҷඪ֬‫׀‬ ١è ଩ఴಶႵ๤֪ആ ฝ୘ྖധ‫ڼ‬ᄺ฻‫܉‬૮ ‫ٵ‬Ҷඪè

Ԏሮສჴّྔᆣয়‫֬ޱ‬ລ౫ჺ჆ᄌ!ಷᆥ൛ा٩Ɨ༒ႋਛ݃սಜ ᇠ֬Ҝܻè      ണႜdߢ࣮ႝ

છৡ൝෷ߕႼ҉ ๤൏ఀç‫ڋ‬۳ᝇၺ֬ ু൛ࢀሄƗ৯೉ࢀ჆ !୔֬ല݃‫גࣿލ‬ ໳Ɨࢀ჆ഏ൞ࡇ୔ քƗඒ჆ሔ൬ၣඓ‫ڋ‬ ۳֬õᜬ߆ੱ‫ג‬öè ༬ྖ੄ၰ֬ߌƗ߽ ‫ن‬ཊછৡ൝෷Ⴜ‫ئޚ‬ ၢ૱‫ב‬ӳ൮ເଇ֬֨ ੥Ɨ‫ؾ‬ລ౫ჺ۶ਪƗ

ᄼ൥Ю‫׀‬ቒս֬૱‫ב‬ ო‫ڔ‬඾èᆊቝࣈм߰ ߩ֬ૹლᆴᇖƗႼ၉ ቔႯ‫؜܋‬ϩო‫י‬ӵ ֬ო‫ڔ‬è ૽࡞༫౾ѝဍ ྔྔ಻‫ދ‬ӝझቍ ລഏເ໨૓ւদਛ၉ Ӎ࣡Ҙ֬૽࡞༫౾ѝ

֤ဍƥӸཱི‫ױ‬ ᇽးဍ჻ƥৠৼࢴçߢൃ၎çਦ‫ډ‬ç Қሣ᝾

ᇞྔा٩֬ລ౫ჺ Ӯਠ௝иၢఴ‫څࡍ۾‬ ‫ڽ‬è೉ࣉ֬ລ౫ჺ‫ܒ‬ Ⴜ໻۸ᅡ๖è‫ٺ‬Ѡࣁ ജਛລ౫ჺ֬Ⴕদ‫ދ‬ ྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈ֬৬ൕУࣦ ְְè ᄤЮ՘‫܋ދ‬ᇠࡵ૲ ֬ࡸᅡল௝ᇖƗ ᄆࡸເᆎࠝƗ෸ ૓‫ٺ‬ѠႼদሸ໚༅ऌ ֬Ҧ௝Ɨၢࠪদሸບ ࢿ֬൳Ҧèᆊཻ‫؂‬း ݉‫܆‬჆ധ߽‫ئޚ‬ಪྖ ಭ൝‫ؚ‬ລ౫ჺ֬ᆭԂ ‫ދ‬Ёሀè ᅭᇄཁ‫ڳ‬ቀয়Ю՘ ࣀԢਛൌ࠲ࡸᅡ௝Ɨ ఊᇖःЎচਛսõ ଃྙᅡ௝öᇖ֬õѷ πö฼Քèᆊ൥෫ᇖ ೽ᅃ‫ۺ‬ᅭଃᄀ֬౛к ඇٌèᆊཻᅡ௝‫؂‬Ⴁ Ⴜࠥۡ֬৬ൕҜॐࡕ ᆻƗҜܻ൏၉‫҉׮‬း շ‫ݝ‬è

Ɠৠৼࢴ൬Ɣเๆ ྡྷ֨Ɨව԰ሡိè മ೽ৡ৬ࣣఫ୔ྰ ਆ֬ϩടଷ҉ህ ೽࡞࠿ଙƗთ౤ട ƓҚሣ᝾൬Ɣߋቛ ಭྠࢹϻႺಭ࡞Ɨ ్ტ྿༽è  ϩട‫ؚ‬྿༽ྖഺ πଧᆴ౭Ɨ‫ل‬ಭࢹ ເ‫ږ‬ఄèٌ‫ݡ‬ማҷ ֥ϩട֬ྡྷሽƗ్ േૺࡀࢃఊሡଭè ၉Ӎ࣠ๆ‫֬׀׵‬

֙୔෫ᇖ೽༼ഺ ເਛ๾ّન౩ߦӛ֬ ሌᇌ‫ྲڱ‬๫ᇔƗᄤ‫ݡ‬ ບව԰ЬቃƗ‫ܤ‬Կ۱ ଈƗເఖၳቚሠШ ൏Ɨᅂ ՘‫־‬չྔࡍ ௨Ɨఊᇖ೟՘ःህᄤ ລ౫ჺৡè !୔ᄌಷƗᇖ ‫ݚ‬๤૗߽ྔࡍ௨‫߽ٺ‬ ᄤລ౫ჺӵ৲è Օ‫ޱ‬೟୔Ɨລ౫ჺ


֤ဍƥ౵ৣศ ᇽးဍ჻ƥߢᒹç؋ლ‫ݻ‬çߢ౳ഺç ᆩࡈႝ



҉࣎ӵເਛྔࡍ௨۱ ଈᇄ൝ऑ߽֬Ӎ෵Ɨ ၀൥ᆣ۸‫ױ‬ହ࿷߆ಭ ۱ଈ֛֬ቀࠕ‫׀‬è ᄤྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈൕഏƗ ྿‫ئ‬ᇾଇ֬ᅥၩƗ೉ !୔֬ߢۜ೽‫ދ‬ᆚ ହఖၳƗ! ୔֬‫ޑ‬ ८ఖၳְƗ‫؂‬൥ᄤລ ౫ჺҭߊ֬è


ႜ௦ ‫׏‬ႜѳ႟൰

ҍ‫׏‬ႜ‫ۆ‬ѐ ሸᇖ‫ݚ‬වս ૽࡞ሎනᆴ၉֬û ϩടԵüƗඔනϩ ුᆒߢൃ၎൬თ ྿༽Ɠਦ‫ډ‬൬Ɣᆊ ؔಭိਅ෵ࣣ৬֬ ᇞᇞѶᆃè  ൠ౭‫ن‬ഺᄤս් ହబƗๆ༶ฅ௣ᆴ ൏Ɨ೽ਦᇖႼ၉ಜ ྰਆӵ‫ိ֬܆‬଑Ɨ ູ‫ݤ‬ಭ࡞è  ࣈ೽඾ህԂٌ‫ݡ‬

ဍè‫ۅ‬झቍဍ჻ᆛಿ ృսƗЮ‫׀‬ขഏ֬ဍ ჻๠‫ݝ‬༶ขѝဍƗᅃ ෉ࡇ୘௝҉ဍ჻ല᧔ शƗขຝᇾଇ༫౾ဍ ჻ާྵოְ‫ئ‬໑༫౾ ࢿ࣡ႎཔࡆ਑པè ؕ‫ދ‬Ӎ༶ܻᇠ߁ ‫׵‬Ɨൗ֫Ӎບ֬ఞ‫ٹ‬ ၀ᄇদᄇࠊᄈè෢ ‫ޱ‬Ɨဍ჻૓ߕӶཊਛ

၉ཻ૽࡞मࠊƗ೉໾ රւƗජјሷႋఖᆛ ᆛᅮഹƗಥܻᇠսा ဋࢿè ല᧔शᄤဍԢࢹඖ ‫ࢫޱ‬ൺҗ٧൏නƗ‫ޚ‬ ‫࡞૽ئ‬༫౾൳֥ܸ֬ ሆᄇদᄇങƗᆥᄤᇶ ҋቃས཯ຮè ෷නƥõ‫҉ئޚ‬๤ ֬झᇜ‫؂‬Ⴜ௪ເཔෂ ֬ѝဍ١൛Ɨ‫ؾ‬ᆊཻ ‫؂‬൥ᇖ߆໚ߋᇖൌ‫ٺ‬ ࣡ૺ֬ၣඓƗ໨૓҉ ༗ຳ෸૓෢ሩ൏࡞‫ؾ‬ ੇ൅‫ל‬èö ෷ѝ൜Ɨ෷૓߽ ᄤГԂझЮୄ‫ދݫ‬Ю ᇐ֬ఴ฻༶ቚ൨֙ྰ ‫ۆ‬Ɨಥ෷૓֬ѝဍ‫۾‬ ಿၥಥཊᄤ֬ಭ෵ࢫ ൺƗ՝‫ࡆؾ‬࿊ԵӼᆊ ཻᇖ߆໚ߋƗ‫ن‬ဟ૽ ࡞ၣඓè

ಭçိçٌ֬बᅥ ःՕᅡाè  ‫׏‬ႜဍ჻ᆛಿృ սƗ߉૲຾ૌ‫׵‬ ಭƗԐ‫ٺ‬ᅡཊ‫ױ‬١ റߟૌࣦè  ఊᇖռ‫׽‬Ӎ૲൱ फาཹ٫ӏᆘ‫ݱ‬Ɨ ಖં཈ॸᅭƗႼ߅

ᇠಃԔᆴၰè  ϩടთٌ‫ݡ‬ඪબ ࣈ೽ᆴᇛࠥबᅥ෠ ಝ࣡ҘƗ֓кᆇै ‫ޱݝ‬ಖႼ‫׋‬൅઒Ɨ ႀເ‫׏‬ႜѰેႼԢ ᇠᆴ԰Ɨढ़න൥ᇖ ݆ᇖऎè ໚ߢࡈਥ

ᖫ ҉ ಥ ྽ ૈƗᆊဩྠ ಿѠ‫֬ྭࣰރ‬౳ᡇ ൌ‫ٺ‬థ֙è෢ሩྒྷ ‫ݣ‬۱ଈ၉ϫᇢ୔֬ ࡇ୘ࠊ‫֬׵‬ಪӝƗ ᆊ൥਍۸ᄌୄׂ‫ل‬ ҍၢྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈເУ ࣦ֬‫׏‬ႜè ഭເ୶ሷ֬౳ ᡇƓߢᒹ൬Ɣ՝ཱི ેႼӆቇƗߕႼࠖ ߽࿗໺çకછ‫ދ‬୘ ඇè෹҉ཟЫඖ‫ہ‬ ჆Ե๫ৣࢲƗ฻ӗ ଺୶௣ְƗྡྷ༴ᅴ

ၳ֬۸ྦ๠‫׏ݝ‬ႜ ֬໺ռӍ૲ւԢè ߢᒹ֬໺ռ‫ږ܆‬ਛ ֫Ɨ၉ଇ୶ሷ୆౥ ၥଭ༶ඛൌ۸Ԃ֞ ఽ֬౩Ѩè ఊᇖƗ࿿ྞж ‫֬܉‬၉ଥƗߢᒹ֬ ဍ࠶࣡ᅧƗ෠ಝമ ൺொೄᆴॴƗढ़൥ ဋറৡಖѝչԢ‫ؚ‬ ۱ଈ֬बྖè ਽ບƗᆰཌս ಭৠᇙᄊƓߢ౳ഺ ൬ƔႼѠ჆ఊ෷‫ڱ‬ Ϯ֬ӛ๚սܹƗ൥


࣎հ֬౩৾‫ܹށ‬è ෷٫ӏྒ഍୶ ༴౳ᡇ෵ቛ֬൉Ɨ ӎ൲‫܋‬௣ളয়౳ᡇ ֬ϊሷƗಖࢫ֥ഏ ๯֬ᆾ൜԰඼౳ ᡇèቒᇛƗ෷଻ည ྖᇖ֬ঔऄƗ၀෢  ሩ࿎ਊሸࣗè

ᆊҍ‫׏‬ႜેႼ ᆴఴû!ü଱ી ࿿ොӭᇞƗ‫׏‬ႜ झ౭࣌՟Ɨ౭ࢲ๒ ᄈƗ൥֤ဍ౵ৣศ ࡆಇ୔û၄໠ఴ Եü‫ޱ‬Ɨᄣ؎ᆺ֤ ৬ൕಭ༅Եࡁ௒è Ɠ໚ƚᅭࡹवƔ

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ვৈ ྔࡍ௨û47=,.M[\Q^ITୀ‫ޣޣ‬ႂৈࢲü


࿩ᇧѝဍଔ‫ݝ‬჆໘ᖻ‫ދ‬ᇢࢴઅ‫ލ‬Ӗࣣ֬‫׌‬౭۪û໳‫׫‬üƗ҉‫ݝ‬਍ಭ‫ڢ‬ሔႼཻ҉ոèܼࣗᇢࢴઅਃ੤ ௉ฆƗಶಝսྵ۹ᇜᅸඛḩḩJMI\JW`çᄤۘౝဍቄု‫ݖ‬ϸ֬ûսߢ‫ڈ‬ဍቄüçႯࠤ෷ሸ֗ሸӖƗߕ ເ۪ૠ‫ۆ‬ѐ۪౾è      ᅽ௒d=V][]IT8ZWL]K\QWV[฻‫܉‬


‫۾‬൥၉Ӎ൱फ֬ᷮဗèᇢࢴ અçჶႬਥ‫ދ‬ෑռ੺սਏൗႯ ਑ဋ֬࿼ࠌƗѰᄤ႗ଥഏѳ٩ Ե Ԣ ࢹ ࠅ ៲ ໛ ֬ ᇢ ࢴ ۡग़࠶֬‫׏‬ାาཹè ֙ລᇽ࢟཈ಝ൥ᇢࢴઅƗւ અƗদྔाӖ൏ෂ޳ᄤ ൲ท۪ૠƗ޲სܻᇠƗःෟሸ দϝ൵۪౾èᄤûЮҫۛ଩ü ֬ఴቄ൏Ɨ၉՝ᆷ৲ܷҒᇖҋ ࠴ࢹࠅƗ၀းࡆ࿊ᆭԂ෷è ෷නƥõ୍૓ၟࣣ֙ਛ໨ ԢƗःႋఖ‫ٿ‬ර૓‫ڌ‬অ࡜ࢨè ෷ဍӖû૮‫ࢤٵ‬࿗੪ႜւü ୔۪֬ૠ஻ႽƗ҉ܼ൐ી៲໛ ϝኑƗߕ൥໨းࢹࠅਛƗ୍૓ ൏࠮ྜྷ‫۪ۆ‬ՔƗսᄨõྔࡍ௨ Ⴜ‫ئޚ‬ૌ୶öƦᄤӖûቒ‫֬ޱ‬ ߕ൥߽๗໨۪֬‫ؚ‬ઞƪö ‫ ނ‬ሮ ϫ ສ ᇌ ቛ ֬ û 4 7 = , ᅥၩü൏‫۪ྍے‬ૠƗ‫ؾ‬ᄤဍӖ .M[\Q^ITୀ‫ޣޣ‬ႂৈࢲüƗ߿ࠩ û౤߄Փü൏‫׀ྦے۾‬Ӗƥõ ਛවቍၣಭƗᇢࢴઅç໘ᖻç ᄤྔࡍ௨֬஻Ⴝဋւೃ౭Ɨ୍ ෑռ੺çჶႩਥƗࡆછদ།࿷ ૓֬ಪ౭Ɨ໨၉ᆷࡁᄤྖৡö ‫ދ‬བྷ‫ޱ۝‬Ɨᄤྔࡍ௨൰ୄ฿ჩ Ɨಥ۪ૠฯቑఊᇖè ԩਛ‫ۆ‬ѐ۪ՔƗᇢࢴઅ၀ϣ ܽएྡྷƗ಍ӍМનè֙ລࡈѦ ûටࢲ‫ݗ‬ü֬༑‫ڋݞ‬۳‫ۆ‬ѐӵ ൥Ю‫׀‬ৈ๽ުષ஑è ႂৈࢲ҉࣎൥۸๗फཡൺƗ ౥ঀཛկ‫ڋ‬۳Ɨᄣ෉ഏჷϸƗ ᇖ໚ѐࠧ


ಥ಍Ӎ‫ۼ‬ሩ෷õ‫ݞޝޝ‬ዽöƗ ߕསܻᇠ༣டԢ਍ϣටࢲ‫ݗ‬è ࿩ᇧѝဍଔ‫ݝ‬჆໘ᖻ‫ދ‬ᇢࢴ અ‫ލ‬Ӗ֬û໳‫׫‬üƗ҉‫ݝ‬਍ಭ ‫ڢ‬ሔႼཻ҉ոè໘ᖻ၉ഭࣈ೫ ྦ‫ے‬ᄶྟԢӍƗ‫ؾ‬ᇢࢴઅᄼၢ ު೫క൝ບั஬୫ሴॷཊഭè

ሮ৬ቒష֬ჶႩਥƓ቗ƔᄤဍӖႵሸ࠴ቛ౾֬ûЯ჏ü൏Ɨ෢ሩ ృࣘ֬ႂৈ໾‫׵‬ഭሷƗ໾֠֬୴৶ܻᇠႼ଩‫ܒ‬؉èФඵ၉ੇ֬ྍ Ꮵၕ൥ෑռ੺຾၉֬୶ഺè ঀৈüèമ್ಭྖ۪֬Ք၉Ӗ ၉‫ދ‬Ɨ࣐ྡྷս‫ލ‬Ӗè ߗሔ਍՘֬໘ᖻ‫ڢ‬ሔനࡀྦ ‫ے‬Ɨࡍഏ৭઒֬໾֠Ɨւদၢ ûಪঽüçû٩ा୍֬๯ାü ‫ދ‬õ,1;+7öԸӵ֬ቍ౾è ෑռ੺ւদ਍൵ྔ۪

໘ᖻᷧ৶වത ໘ᖻ҉࣎໾‫׵‬಍ӍƗവᇇຉ ༶ບัࢺಪƗᆘ‫ܻݱ‬ᇠèဍၽ û଑৶01/09üఴƗ෹නƥõ ໨ᆎ֬‫ށ‬ಪƗຉਛϛèö ෹িٗເ෹‫ׅ‬ඪ֬଺ഺເ ෹ຉ༶ບัƗ‫֥ۥ‬෷٫ӏ଻ເ ౭è໘ᖻߕடԢ၉चƥõ୍࣌ ᅭγƪöƗಥܻᇠ஽‫ڻ‬սླྀè ໘ᖻ၀ւদࣣ‫׌‬ûሇ໨ഺಷ


ෑռ੺֙ລ֬ѝཊ၀҉࿧ ೫ƗाӍၢûঅಪüӠಪఞ ‫ٹ‬ƗᇽӖ౤‫۾ډ‬ႯছႂఝӖû ქ߄ჺüƗѰ෉ഏ༶۸ᄌ࠮ࢃ ‫ྔ֬ྡྷن‬ሌࠧ֬਍൵۪ûྤ‫ڥ‬ ‫؎ش‬ü‫ދ‬û༦ߒ࠿ଙüè ౤‫ૺډ‬მ೉ᇯƗᄤขഏ‫ן‬ዄ ๽჻ƗӜླྀࠤ෷൴ࡌु֬Ӑ‫ن‬ ‫ދ‬Фඵ൴Ꮵၕ֬‫౒ྟن‬২ƗჂ ሡ୲‫ܤ‬൴ཱིຶ৖ӍƗ‫۪֫؀‬ૠ

.M[\Q^ITƔ࠮ࢃᄤଃ୔ᄌ ᅡाׂϝ՘ߴ݉èᆊ՘֬ ᇽ฼ເõ໚ߋთଈᄕöƗ ‫ٺ‬༌ሩ਍ᆇ֬ࢹ‫ލ‬è ၣ෧ࢲ߿ࠩਛ۸‫ݚ‬ ୄບ֬ቛ௝èҜთ‫ࡌݚ‬Ў ߢծព И֨ চਛྔࡍ௨çབྷ‫۝‬ç૱‫ב‬ ࠪ၏টय़è ᇠ ቛ ௝ Ы ݉ ৒ ເ ୔ఴ٫ӏࠌުౖ क ᆡ ၷ ྦ ֬ ဍ ೟ ս ҍ ‫ ٺ‬ƥ . M [ \ Q ^ I T Ԣõ*ZW\PMZ +IVMöƗࢊ 0QOPTQOP\ç4Q^M .ZQVOM‫ދ‬ ෛਛ!୔քٌ੷‫ؚ‬჆๤ྦ .ZQVOM/ITTMZaè ఊ ᇖ ׂ ၉ ҍ ‫ ٺ‬Ў ਅᆇ֬҉௣ְ‫ؚ‬ևè ᆊ၉՘õ+IVMöᇞ ઌ ව ҍ ቛ ௝ Ɨ ࠮ ໾ ข ྔ ֯ ഏ ໾ ข Ɨ Ѱ Ⴕ Ю झõ+IVMöç໾֠ဍ ‫ ׀‬ᇾ ଇ ၣ ಭ ઌ ሷ ‫ ݫ‬ဍ Ԣõ*TIKS ;Y]IZMöçቛ௝ ၽèõ+IVMö֬൏քУࣦ ᅡ൜õ<PM <ZQXTM /MUö თཊࣉሸႵਅπധ߽ྠӵ თᅽ௒ᅡলõ1ZIY 1[ .Ta ృਢ‫ؚ‬иƗࣄ൏ဍԢ൤ш QVOöè ਽ບƗׂ‫ل‬ҍ‫ٺ‬Ў‫ݪ‬ ٫ӏᆘ‫ݱ‬è 5  ྔ ࡍ ௨ ၣ ෧ ࢲ ࣻҍ༫झთ໾֠ቛ௝‫ܻ܉‬ ঝѠၟࣹ֬ဍԢࢃᄣ՘ߴ֥Ю‫֬׀‬໾ขთܻᇠ၉ఖทะ ྿‫ئ‬ᆡၷྦ֬ߌ฼è ണႜdߢ࣮ႝ Ɠ5 ;QVOIXWZM .ZQVOM ᇠ‫ٺ‬ཡè  

कᆡၷྦ֬ဍԢࢃϳഏ໾ข Ķ


‫ޣ‬ฝսླྀè ჶႩਥႎმਛ֫ ሮ৬ቒష֬ჶႩਥഭԳഁ਑ ഏၐ஬ཱིಪॷƗৼӖ೟൵۪Ɨ ఊ ᇖ ֬ ၉ ൵ ႎ მ ۪ ౾ õ 4 W ^ M <PM?IaAW]4QMö࣠ဎ಍Ӎè ւႼՏྦ೤ႂ֬෹ᄤဍӖ۪౾ ൏ႺಲႼ჌Ɨ౭࿉ൌ‫֥ٺ‬໑è ֙ລ຾၉ѝဍ֬Ю‫׀‬ৈ‫ؙ‬൥ ުષ஑Ɨ෷૓ဍӖਛ‫׏‬൱झᇽ ฼౾ûൡ଩ၢևü‫ދ‬Ծቛûቃ ሩొüè҉‫ݝ‬Ɨ‫ܻئޚ‬ᇠ‫ٻٻ‬ ঢ়༣Ɨෂ޳҉ᇞ൱Ю‫׀‬ႂৈè ཱིၓ‫֬ݴ‬൥ƗවቍၣಭѰે Ⴜ๤ขဍӖƗै҉֥ᇢࢴઅ‫ދ‬ ఊ෷۪൴๤ข‫ލ‬Ӗ෵୆ҏԢ֬ ࠌ߄è

‫ؾ‬ቒ‫ޱ‬၉۸ҍ‫ٺ‬ᄼ଼ চව۸ᅽ௒ᅡলè ਽ ၉ ١ ૲ Ɨ õ * T I K S ;Y]IZMö‫ڼ‬ᄺಭ,IU >IV 0]aVPᄼ൥ࢃ෷ᄤ௣ಷ‫ؚ‬ ჆ಭ૓ܻ֬ҺƗ๰‫ݝ‬ဍԢ দࢪ੤ཊքಭᄤ۸ಭᇽၳ ֙֨֬ധ߽ৡ‫ؚ‬჆ሸႵ֬ फ़ຳè ,IUาၰࢃ໾ᆇ࢟೫ ന‫׮‬ເధནନ஄èܸࢲӶ ཊங୐֬መฆƗཧᆟሩཟ းอຉധ߽ࡉ෴֬ඖ‫ہ‬è ၏টय़ᄼ൥൵՘ࡍ್ ၣ෧ࢲƗѰࢃᅡ൜၉༩ਠ ಭ૓ᄤ๒ᄈ֬ᅽ௒è ണႜൄ2IUIT8MVR_MVa ༗ຳ๰‫ݝ‬ᅽ௒ւԢՕ࿦ ༖ƥ၏টय़ಭ෠ഭདᅥᆡ ᇖƗ֓ಶГႼ๧ྖთ༗ ຳƗ‫ؾ‬๒ᄈ୆ಥ෷૓ै֫ ‫۾ۡ۾‬ᄀè

5ྔࡍ௨ၣ෧ࢲ ಷఀƥ ଃ୔ᄌಷᇇಷ  ‫׋׀‬ƥ ѥ‫ݡ‬ၣඓᇖྖç ‫ࡌݚ‬ѷ༅ܽç 1767ZKPIZLç <PM;]J[\I\QWV ௗࡕƥ !ఖ ະᆽƥ ___[QVOIXWZMNZQVOM KWU



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ขຝুᇖ౤कքѝྦ۪֬൴দྔࡍ௨ाӖƗᄤࡇ୘ྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈ၉ϫᇢ୔֬๤൏Ɨϣဍ Ӗ߽ႛ჌ສञ‫ۺ‬Ю‫׀‬Ւആࠖ‫ܙ‬è  ണႜdᅭࡹव ߢཱིᠹƓᇖƔთᇢ߆ࡹ೉ܻᇠ෵ᄂƗӖԢ൵൵‫׵‬๗֬ӵଇ౾ƗѰთսࡌս‫ލ‬ӖƗӍ ૲‫ٺ‬ບ‫ے‬ಭè      ᅽ௒d‫്ݖ‬Ӗ௒฻‫܉‬


൤‫ބ‬ս֬ဍӖ߽ါ ౯ਛ໑ᄤขຝৈ ญুᇖ౤֬քѝ۪൴Ɨఊ ᇖЎচਛ໿ϭçᇢ߆ࡹְ ၣಭè ขСለྔࡍ௨քѝൕ࿷ ௣୶൝ߕϣສჴ֬ဍӖ ߽ႛ჌ञᅃ‫ۺ‬ቀ๫๎ᅥՒ ആࠊ‫׵‬è ൕ࿷௣୶൝නƥõᆊ ۸ႼԍЄ֬ဍӖ߽Ɨԩਛ ࡇ୘‫ںݚ‬෫ᇖ೽ྒྷ‫ݣ‬۱ଈ ၉ϫᇢ୔Ɨߕ༗ຳࣀՕဍ

Ӗ߽฻ӗѷπ‫ދ‬Ⴎ჆ማ౷ ૚ཟ֬࣡റèö Ԣ༣ဍӖ߽۪֬൴ߕ Ўচ౤೽Ɨৠࢀ‫ڶ‬çᅼႩ ߆çᅭྵ౨çྒྷིᠶçߢ ཱིᠹçཨߩఌ‫ދ‬྾ࡋ႔è ᆊ۸ऑࠩਛুᇖ౤೟քք ѝ֬቎്࠰๽฿Ɨ༒ႋਛ սᄆಭƗܻᇠ༣ഏ၀ ႀՕԢཊਛ೟ք๤ฝ֬໘ Ꮵ߉૲è ܻᇠ๗Ԣਛ‫ـ‬Ⴙ ᇠ۪൴ેႼಥܻᇠ൅ ຳƗ၉൵൵ӵଇ౾Ɨ৯೉

ྒྷིᠶ֬û਼༈üၢࠪཨ ߩఌ֬û୍൥໨֬ဋüƗ ӵਛဍӖ߽ഏ֬ۡӝƗಥ ܻᇠ‫ݝ‬ቇਛᮖè ᅭྵ౨‫ڋ‬ಆႰଖ֬Ԣ Ӎಥ಍Ӎ01/0ّๆƗ෹ ၉च၉च֬õπ୍Ⴀƌö ಥܻᇠླྀ֫‫҉ލ‬ੑቐè ྔࡍ௨֬ু஻Ⴝᇢ߆ ࡹ၀ၢढ़π֬ѝဍ١൛੠ ࠍਛ෵Ⴜܻᇠ֬ྖè෷ເ ਛ‫۾‬๓ܻࣔᇠƗߕ၉؎ቜ ᄤႂའఝഏƗႋఖ۪ૠৼ ৼ࡜ࢨè ۪൴૓၀ങ҉ਛ‫ܻދ‬ ᇠ֬၉ཻ߁‫׵‬Ɨ‫ܻދ‬ᇠ၉

ఖս‫ލ‬Ӗଇ౾èߢཱིᠹ‫۾‬ ൥ϣ၉ᆣؔûે଱ી࡬ ֍ü࢓‫ܻۺ‬ᇠӖƗ୽ս֬ ൰ୄ฿ჩܽৡߴའሩܻᇠ ۪֬ഹƗಥಭ‫ٺ‬ບ‫׵ے‬è ۪൴Ⴜ଻֫֬߁‫׵‬ ԩՕᆴບƗ۪൴ᆴ࡞ ၀Ⴜ‫ލ‬Ӗ౾଩èᅼႩ߆‫ދ‬ ৠࢀ‫ލڶ‬Ӗ֬ଇ‫׏‬൱झᇽ ฼౾û൶ሩဤ݂൶ሩ୍ü ၢࠪྒྷིᠶ‫ދ‬ᇢ߆ࡹ‫ލ‬Ӗ ֬û֙πၟӵັൠüւ‫ۺ‬ սࡌ‫ـ‬଩၉ྔ֬‫ے‬फè ࿩ᇧ۪൴໿ϭཊӍ൸

ॢƗւ਼ܻᇠս๒߄‫ت‬ ໾ƗൗဍӖ್߽࣐਽၉ؔ ۡӝèࢃࣔ໽၇ғࢹඖ֬ ဍӖ߽Ɨᄤၣಭ‫ܻދ‬ᇠۡ ॎ֬౭࿉ᇖߊ༶ਛຢૌ֬ च‫׋‬è ܻᇠ҉࣎Ⴜ‫ڥـ‬Ɨ၀ ಥսࡌႼ߽ࠖҜთՒആƗ ເധ߽ቛԢܑཋè ۪൴սฒሸ‫ےݾ‬ ᄤဍӖ߽ᆴఴ֬ૉ฿ ࡁᆇ߽ഏƗЫ໠ࠪቒሸ‫ݾ‬ ᆴൠ൏ ۪൴૓ѝ൜‫ؚ‬ข ຝੇྡྷ۪౾֬ቃས‫֥ے‬ൌ

‫ٺ‬નၰè ୔ેদྔဍӖ֬ৠ ࢀ‫ڶ‬ເขຝ۪౾୆ႡႼᇽ ੇ֬‫׀‬໑‫ྜྷ֥ۡےؾ‬ƗѰ ༗ຳᆊ౻൤୆ໂԂ༶ಇè ᆥᄤԛШྔሌࠧ֬ྒྷ ིᠶಱເ୆֙ขຝ۪൴൥ ࡸ٫ӏ଻֫ƗѰౖᆻ֫ा ྖ֬ൠè྾ࡋ႔ᄼເขຝ ႂৈߓࣩႼ‫ئ‬ჴܼ֨ಥս ࡌࣗ౭߯೙‫࢖֥ےؾ‬ϓè ቒ‫ޱ‬ғԢӍ֬໿ϭफ ֫ቒሸ‫֬ݾ‬ൠः൥෵Ⴜ߆ ಭ‫؂‬ᄤ๗ขຝ۪֬Ɨಥၣ ಭ୆ᄤႼ߆ಭ֬‫׀‬١Ɨः ढ़ၢाဍӖ߽è


྆ቛπ‫ށ‬ᆇ֬໚ߋീဗ છတលᇢ൉ឌĶИ֨

‫ݚئ‬ୄບᆰଇቛࡌᄤഏ ۸ྙఀҜთਛႵ‫ࡌݚ‬ၣ ඓ໅჻߽ᇽϾ֬ྔࡍ௨ቛࡌ ࢲèကะ߽çቛࡌ‫ྔދߌؚ‬ඇ ‫ن‬Ҋְ߽֬ࠊ‫׵‬ಷఴᄤྔࡍ௨ ܼয়ս࿗ç‫ࡌݚ‬๴ඇܽ‫ދ‬ѷ༅ ְܽ‫׋׀‬एྡྷè ‫ݙ‬Ⴌྵთฯሾາ֬‫ߌؚ‬

Ⴕ‫ࡌݚ‬ၣඓ໅჻߽ᇽϾ֬ྔࡍ௨ቛࡌࢲƗऑࠩ‫ݚ‬ୄບᄆ໑ᆰଇ ቛࡌҜთࠊ‫׵‬Ɨ༒ႋਛᇠ‫ئ‬໚࿗π‫ށ‬ᆇఴಇҜࡍèണႜdߢव೭

ྔࡍ௨֙ք൉ಭ‫ݙ‬Ⴌྵთ ฯሾາ၉ఖทะმင‫྆ދ‬ቛ֬ ܸ༩èฯሾາಱເႼටმ୆৶ ֬ቛᆇ୆ႡႼࢧ‫ئ‬؇ᆇè‫ݙ‬Ⴌ ྵᄼಱເƗმငᇁ൥۸Ӽᄢ‫܄‬ कƗ‫֬ށ‬ቛ௝୆ّၹӵ‫ئޚ‬მ ငèᅮ໫਍ᇜმင҉൥໚࿗Ծ ቛ֬шး๏ࡸè

ξቫთӮܺᇖ֬ቛࡌ‫ؚ‬ฒ߽ ‫ؚ‬჆ܻᇠ‫ؚ‬ᇖ໚ৼ࿊झ౭ࢲ ֬ூ௦Ɨཊರྔࡍ௨ቛࡌཿ߽ ‫߽ڳ‬Ӑ֬Ю‫׀‬ቛࡌࡠѐझξቫ თབྷ‫۝‬ቛࡌӮܺᇖᄤ๸ိࢲၢ ‫ྠ֬ߌؚ‬൛Ɨࢊඔ‫׏‬൱झУ‫ޱ‬ ֬ѐ྆৬Ӹè ξቫѝ൜ѐझ֬໴ସè෹ නƥõᄤুϷဋৡƗ‫׏‬൱झ൥ ‫ޚ‬ഌ၃ߋ֬è൳൱੸‫ۨ݃ދ‬ഌ ‫߽؂‬ႜའझ౭֬ቃསèö ܼࣗ೉ՕƗӮܺᇖѝ൜Ɨ ‫׏‬൱झ൥ैധ߽֬ᇞးҜॐ໚ Юè෷නƥõःෟ൥༦झ၀୆ ٘႟֙൏֬౭ྠƗᆃത֙൏֬ ྖ౭መฆèö

૴྆࠶్è ۗԢྔඇ֬+PMZaTಱເࡌ๝ ඹࡌ൑௽कႼၰၳƗᆻ֫Гհ ༶দè෹න၉ஔҙቒᇞး֬൥ ൑༅У‫ܪ֬ޱ‬ൠƗૌ൑൥๠ས ໚ߋ֬၉ഈԺè ହս‫ྔދ‬ս࿗ഺ౥ළ‫ؚླྀۥ‬ї

၉۸ಭԬ࿀֬‫ئ‬ങ‫ދ‬ᅺ֥ϻ ੰ֬ӵ‫ֵۡ֬੸܆‬൥‫ܓܲڕ‬Ɨ ൥ཊքധ߽ᇖ‫ޚ‬ཊ൓֬ߌ฼è ହဣয়‫܄‬ս࿗ႎ໚їઉധ֬೟ ໑ї൴‫ࡍྔދ‬௨ܼয়ս࿗ᄤ ᄌಷᅡाїઉè ᆊӍ଍ୌೞၢጯ྅‫ྠ֬ླྀۥ‬ ൛࣐ྡྷè ओྔࡍ௨ܼয়ս࿗їઉ‫ؙؙ‬ Ӑ;IVIaI ;QVPIƗჷদᆊဩ֬ ೉‫྆૴ތ‬਽ಭՃཅ֬ૌ൑ їઉ‫ڋ‬۳ఊ൓ᄤྔࡍ௨ႎმї ᆰ ଇ ૌ ൑ ௦ ઉ ቛ ᆇ ઉ࣍њೞৡ၉ᆷ‫؂‬ႼႯ֥èᄤ 3  .  ; M M \ W P ç , I U Q I V ᆥ൛֬їઉ࡞༪ः߽Գҳ၉ཻ ,;QT^Iç+PZQ[\WXPMZ <IV‫ދ‬+PMZ Ⴐଖ‫ן‬ዄ൛їઉቛເõ၃჌ࢲ aT4]4QMV<IVƗთܻᇠะઉྔ ଩öƗ౥ළ‫ླྀۥ‬ၢߖࢺїઉఀ ࡍ௨ૌ൑໚ߋ֬๤൏Ɨ၀ทะ ࡞֬࿿ොఞ‫ٹ‬è

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05 CHRONICLE Ӯ᧔ዖûྔ‫ࣿߏܥ‬༩ਠ‫ݡ‬মཱི߄าࠧü

ৈ௦ ႂৈ2]SMJW`


‫ؚ‬ৈఝఊ൓Ѱ҉ഃӐ֬Ӯ᧔ዖƗԾቛ۪౾иࢧঙ଻èႀՕ෹ߕา Ѡ‫ྍے‬ਛ෵Ⴜଥ‫ুޱ‬ൄ֬ᆭԂ‫ܤދ‬৪èണႜdҚတᡁ



‫۪׀‬൴Ӯ᧔ዖᄌಷࢃ ‫لׂྡྷن‬ᅭ-8ûྔ‫ߏܥ‬ ࣿ༩ਠ ‫ݡ‬মཱི߄าࠧüƗຳࣀ Ⴕᆊᅭ-8ಥ‫ئ۾‬ಭಱൔু۪è

Օᅭ-8҉ቃᇽੇ੥ནƗҗႯ иࢧྔӝ֬౾‫ڋ‬èၢᆎӻ֬ഹ ႂႋఖ๗ᇠ֬‫ܒ‬ଅƗ๤൏Եչ ༗ຳ‫ދ‬য়ཟܻ֬࠙ࠥ୘è Ӯ᧔ዖනƥõ໨ેཟ֥୆‫ن‬ ྡྷׂ‫ل‬ᅭ-8Ɨᆊᅭሌࠧ֬ಱᆎ ໨༗ຳսࡌ୆‫ދܛ‬໨၉ဩ‫ے‬ൺ

֥֫èö ๤൏Ɨ෹၀ႀເሸ࠴‫ؚ‬ৈఝ Ѱ҉ഃӐƗႀՕԾቛ۪౾иࢧ ঙ଻è෹ߕาѠ‫ྍے‬ਛ෵Ⴜଥ ‫ুޱ‬ൄ֬ᆭԂ‫ܤދ‬৪Ɨ҉ಝ෹ ၀ેႼྗྖ୆ຢӵᆊᅭሌࠧè ᆊ ᅭ -8 ෹ ၉ ൴ Ў Ͼ Ɨ ՝ ۪ ౾֬Ծቛ֥Ҋࣦനࡀ‫؂‬൥಍ྔ ӎ൲è-8ৡ֬໻൵۪౾࿂ඔਛ ᧔ዖԾቛ൏֬ྖ౭თ‫ے‬ൺèᆻ ֫၉฻֬൥Ɨଂହმ֬ûზ၇ ߄üਾഭເ‫ࢀڥ‬ಭ᧔ዖമႼ‫ے‬ ԯèՕ౾ႵӮ᧔ዖӖদරර್ ९ƗПਉສ‫ٺ‬è Ӯ᧔ዖ၀‫ٺ‬ཡਛиೞӵ‫֬܆‬ ૤भƗ଱ः൥ၢ௣ӏྖैև‫ދ‬ ཡൺ‫ݝ‬Ӹè‫ؾ‬྿व߆ƗӮ᧔ዖ ֬ႂৈুൄƗಱເቒᇞး֬൥ းϣ۪ਇඊ‫ދ‬ႼԐቇ֬ණ૫è ෹නƥõ༼ๆ֬ๆ‫ٺ‬ᇁ୆ಥ ಭ࿗֫ঀƗӵ‫ޱ॓֫ߕ܆‬ๆ֬ ୴৶èö ‫ؚ‬჆൥‫߽ڕ‬๾Ԣ಍ྔ֬ሌࠧ ᧔ዖѝ൜ཟ༼๗๗ᇠ‫ؚ‬Օ-8֬ ٘႒Ɨᄣቚռෟè

ሌࠧ" ûࠌ৶಍ाüྔ۪ࡍ࣡࿑ ۪൴"ອ৶ި ๾ࡰ۪౾" ûࠌ৶಍ाüçû၎ಝπ୍ü  ቛғሷອ৶ިၢûࠌ৶ ಍ाüྔ۪ࡍ࣡࿑ࠧᇞ ٙৈญ‫݃ދ‬ս۪ૠࡵ૲è ሌࠧ൳੪਍൵ቒྔԾቛƗఊᇖ ၉൵ûࠌ৶಍ाüࠩ‫ލ‬༑‫ݞ‬ჴ ුთᇖ‫ݚ‬໺ඓƗ਍ᆇ࡞ଐҏԢ ૌૺࠌ߄Ɨ၀٘႟Ԣອ৶ި௑ ᅽ௒ǧະક༶ᄢ ‫ࢃށ‬ᇖ‫ݚ‬໚ߋჴුࡍ್Ծቛ֬ ܿ৯è ׂ‫ل‬Ѷᇽռ۪û၎ಝπ୍üᄼ൥၉൵๊૧֬౭۪è ۪Ք࡬֍ၥ‫״‬Ɨѝչ‫ؚ‬౭ಭ֬π၎ಝ೉‫ܪ‬è5>Ⴕᄤະ કഏМު֬Ծၰ๽‫?ؙ‬WVO .] 8ZWL]K\QWV[஌ണƗӶཊ Ԣ୔౥ಭྔ༾֬ਅπ١൛Ɨ‫ދ‬౥ළ֬࿏੷པ‫ڪ‬པӵè   ԩਛᆊ਍൵ྔ۪Ɨሌࠧᇖ၀൳੪ ൵ອ৶ިԢ֨ൌ೟୔দ ࣣ֬‫۪׌‬౾ƗЎচû‫܋‬ሎሸሎüçû຾၉ü‫ދ‬û୍҉ᆰ֨֬ ൠüè၉ᅭሌ଼ࠧচ‫ئ‬ᅭಪ཮ሌࠧ֬࣡෤Ɨम‫ؚ‬൥୔ቒ ᆻ֫൳Ҧ֬ሌࠧᆴ၉è໚ƚߢծព



‫ށ‬ቛ௝ฅ‫ئ‬฻ఴ๾Ԣྔሌࠧ ᅼѩĶИ֨

দԢ‫֬ݝ‬Ӗ௒ᇖƗෑռ ੺ಱເቒྔሌࠧû୍ᄤ ٗି൐ીü൥౭‫ے‬ቒ༬୏ቒೃ ‫֬ދ‬၉՘èሌࠧᇖทะਛၢັ ‫ޚ‬ങாԯଊ֬ඹ૤౭‫ے‬è ா్֬൥Ɨ࠮ࢃᄤᄌಷ ‫֬ྡྷن‬ሌࠧƗሖഏ਍սๆອᇢ ࢴઅ‫ދ‬Ӯᒹ࿨‫ن‬௒֬ಷሷèᄤ ෑռ੺ैদᆊᅭሌࠧ൥෷૓ࢃ ഺࠊᇖ၉ཻ଻ၢЫငෛཱི֬ٗ ି൳੪ఊᇖè ੉ಓ၉֬ෑռ੺༗ຳְδ ‫ڥ‬຃ၩ‫ޱ‬၉ఖᄣԢû౳x‫ײ‬üሌ ࠧƗढ़൥‫ށ‬ቛ௝ฅ‫ئ‬Ɨ฻ఴԢ ਛྔሌࠧû୍ᄤٗି൐ીüè Ы໠ࠪჷႀ൏Ɨ౤‫ࢺډ‬ ൫ƥõႀເႼฅ‫֬ށئ‬ቛ௝ཟ း‫ۼ‬սࡌ၉ఖ‫ٺ‬ཡè೉‫ְ֥ݛ‬ δ‫ڥ‬ᄣԢሌࠧƗ଱ःְ჆Ⴜ೟ ୔ેႼྔቛ௝ਛè҉‫ݝ‬Ɨ໨૓ ߕ൥ְ߽δ‫ڥ‬ଃ୔ᄌ၉ఖಇ СࣟԢû౳x‫ײ‬ü֬ሌࠧèö ࡁᆇࡵ૲߽ഏ֬ఞ‫ޚٹ‬൥ࠊ ௩Ɨເ஬‫ྔލ‬ሌࠧ֬࿍ԵƗෑ ռ੺๽჻‫ߗ؂‬ਛྔ֬‫ྟن‬è ఊᇖࠤ෷൴ࡌु֬౒২Ӑ‫ن‬ ӵਛ๽჻૓‫ן‬ዄ֬‫ؚ‬ཧè‫ؙ‬჻ ૓ླྀӲƗᄤ໾ขഏ۪ૠढ़୆߽ ࢃᏥၕ‫ཱࠈुࡌދ‬ఖদèಥಭ ૓ᄣ՘ࡵൔਛෑռ੺౥ළढ़π ֬၉૲è Ӻ౩ᅽ௒‫ڋ‬Ѷ Ы໠ࠪ൥‫߽ڕ‬ႀເࣔಷთ ଺Ⴝಭ౛ໝᅽ௾݂‫ି֥ٗےؾ‬ ൏Ɨ౤‫ډ‬ᆷငƥõે൐ી‫ٗށ‬ ି֬è଱ᇁ൥ս઼ཉ֬၉ᇜພ

ླྀƗ҉ш֙ᆎƗᇁႼቚշൠ֬ ಭғ߽फ֫ٗିèö ๤൏ߕМਟࡌु‫ދ‬δ‫ڥ‬ᅂࣣ ᄤ၇൮ధ൴ƗѰ໠ᇢຽ֬ಭ෷ ૓৹۸൥‫ڕ‬པ஬è౤‫ླྀډ‬Ӳሸ ࠴൥۸ે൐ીٗି֬ಭƗ෷٘ ֡फ֫ყຳ‫ދ‬फ़ຳ‫֬ئ‬ಭғ߽ Ⴜٗିè ೉ࣉƗෑռ੺ഏᄢਛ࠲൵ྔ ۪‫܉‬ະ૽ౄ༼൲๗Ɨ‫۾੸ࠓ׋‬ ൥ࠌМࠫഽèû༦ߒ࠿ଙüᆊ ൵ᅂЫδ૏຃۪֬౾‫۾‬൥؆਼ ‫ڋ‬೧Ɨ‫੸ࠓ׋‬വᇇӘ‫ݝ‬ਛᇽռ ۪ûྤ‫؎شڥ‬üè ෑռ੺‫ؚ‬ՕླྀӲƗ႒‫ুۼۅ‬ Ϸഌਏߗᇽռ۪è҉ܼᄿဩƗ ݂ैະકഏ‫ڌ‬অ֬ሎ๕ྔ۪ 5>Ɨःᆰ۪֨ૠ‫ؚ‬჆ᆊᅭྔ ሌࠧႼ‫ئ‬ఀևਛè

ሌࠧƥû୍ᄤٗି൐ીü ๾ࡰƥûࡥüçû֙໨૓၉ ఖቃ‫ݝ‬üçûঽબ஑ü 

‫ݝ‬਍୔֬ӭ‫ו‬Ɨෑռ ੺๒‫ྡྷنݝ‬ව࠸༩ਠ ֬û౳x ‫ײ‬üƗ٘‫༼੸ؾ‬๾ Ԣਛࠩ‫ࣔލ‬ఀ‫ށ‬ቛ௝֬ྔሌ ࠧû୍ᄤٗି൐ીüè

ሌࠧƥ7KH%R\V۪൴ƥങ୶൏ք;6;, ๾ࡰƥ7KH%R\Vç7RS6HFUHWç0U7D[L 

ສ ౤‫ډ‬ѝ൜Ⴜฅ‫ ށئ‬ቛ௝ְ҉ࠪ ཟး‫ۼ‬սࡌ၉ఖ‫ٺ‬ཡè ᅽ௒d=V][]IT8ZWL]K\QWV[฻‫܉‬

൵Ѷᇽռ۪ûྤ‫شڥ‬ ؎ü൥஬‫ލ‬๤ଇ‫׏‬ႜ֬ᇽ฼ ౾è۪౾ဃ࿊ਛ၉݁֬ෑռ ੺‫ڋ‬۳Ɨ౩ྔ‫҉ؾ‬ቚቛƗយ យ֨দπ౭ቒೃ೏֬૤૨è û֙໨૓၉ఖቃ‫ݝ‬üຂ ಇ߆২֬Ցᄯࠎѐ౾èϣк ᆇւߴ౤Մဣၵ֬൏݂Ɨሺ ৡྡྷ࡞ੇ੤Ԣ‫ؽے‬Ɨၢࠪঁ ಿ‫ࢫދ‬ൺ֬ໆսè ౾‫ڋ‬௑ု‫ݖ‬ûঽબ஑ü ƗႼሩሌࠧû༸x অಪüৡ ֬ûঅಪü۪౾֬ႜሷèု ‫ݖ‬ৈ஬ሩ౤‫ډ‬Ѡक၉۳֬Ӗ ిƗாሖԢၰບ֬ࠌ߄Ɨਾ кᆇߴ໌໴౲è ቀ฿দනƗᆊ၉ᅭሌࠧ ൥ෑռ੺‫ٿ‬ර૓҉ಿշ‫֬ݝ‬ ᆌҦè໚ƚӮ২ਵƔ

ᇠఀև֬ങ୶൏քׂ೟ᅭຢᆣሌࠧö<PM *Wa[öၢ಍ ౶๤ҋ‫֬ྡྷن‬ఞ൤ᄤᆊ۸ᄌᇞЇߴ݉è ఊᇖ5QKPIMT 2IKS[WVქႯሌࠧᇌቛಭ<MLLa :QTMaè<MLLa ເങ୶൏քਏഭռᄶ֬ᇽռ۪ö<PM *Wa[öࠩऑ‫ྦࡄݚ‬Ⴢ҉ ൅‫֬ੇݩ‬ᅸஎา೫è ਽ບ၉൵ᇽռ۪õ<WX ;MKZM\öᄼ൥ങႼ֬౥ঀ‫ܥڶ‬໾ ౾Ɨ٫õᇽੇö৒ཱི‫ן‬ਾಭߴ໌໴౲è  ᆣᅭሌࠧ൵۪ᇖƗ҉࣎Ⴜృ൤֬໾౾ƗߕւႼ۹ᇜཱི ౒ொƗཱི࣠༦Ɨ୷ಭྖཆèƓ໚ƚტ٪Ɣ ᪕࡚

ሌࠧƥû!ôୀVW_ü ۪൴ƥ*A ๾ࡰ"ûႼેႼüç û҉൥‫ܪ‬ၰü

۶၉୔ϽƗ*A‫ྔྡྷن‬ ሌࠧû!ôୀVW_ü‫ڶ‬ ‫ڋܥ‬ӝদ༢ƗԵ‫֬ޱ!ׅ‬ພୀ ࣡റè    ᇽռ۪ûႼેႼüսቃ‫׏‬ႂ ੥ནƗ੸༼ᄤະક‫׏ދ‬ขቃު Ѱ၉एଭ༶‫ئ‬۸Ѓ֍֬ܺलè    ಥкᆇԐન࣠༦֬൥ׂ‫ل‬൵ ඁ౭۪౾û҉൥‫ܪ‬ၰüè࿏੷ ྦృƗষষഏ८Ɨਾಭႍཧമॠèთ਽၉ඁ౭౾û၉ဩπሩ ୍üཔиƗ҉ઉ൥۪Քߕ൥࿏੷‫۾؂‬ເ฿ཊ୶ഺ଀‫ྖے‬ම ເਛπ౭ᄂၰ‫ڸ‬Ԣ಍ҍè  ሌࠧჂ၉਑‫׋‬൥൳੪ਛࢻ૏‫ل‬ಭ֬ჷԾ۪౾ûႼ୍໨҉ ஊüè෠ಝѐ౾١૲ߕં཈ᇏ୅Ɨ֓൥۪ՔõႼ୍໨҉ஊ߽ ૠ੥ƚႼ୍໨म҉߽ಱංöचचѝչਛ‫ؚ‬ᆭԂ෹૓֬‫ٿ‬ර֬ ‫ྍے‬è໚ƚᇢሓᡁƔ

Opinions frankly, my dear



WEIGHING OUR WORDS T he Occ upy Wa l l St r e e t movement has captured the imagination of people across the world in the last month. Protests over economic inequalityâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the dominance of the minority over the economyâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; have ďŹ nally given a voice to the majority. The protest drew attention to fundamental structures that our society is built on, and the possible dangers and harms should we continue along these lines. It has shown anger at the fact that it is not the greater numbers who are always heard, but those with the resources to make sure they are. Many times, the topics that are trumpeted, are not the issues of actual concern to people. So do we, as ordinar y people, have weight behind our words? Actually, being someone who can contribute a voice to important issues is not too far a stretch of imagination. Graduates from NTU have gone on to become important movers in society. Low Thia Khiang has provided, and continues to be, an important counterbalance in Singaporeâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s political scene.

And Stefanie Sun is a powerful inďŹ&#x201A;uence as a top singer. If we can learn anything from the Occupy Wall Street protests, it is that ordinary people can make an important difference. T h is can be seen even among our university population. Graduate students from NTU organised the TEDxNTU seminar recently, to give innovative people a platform to inspire. Its theme was to show people how to translate their dreams into reality. More students from NTU have also been taking part in green initiatives to highlight the importance of environmental well-being. So it is not whether we have a voiceâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;it is about how we use it. As a newspaper, we have the responsibility to make sure that the things that we write about, matter. And as citizens of the world, that the issues we lend a voice to are signiďŹ cant enough to deserve it. At this time of market turmoil, with unemployment and costs of living fast getting beyond the common man, there may be no time as important to consider what causes we lend weight to.







Facebook: The Nanyang Chronicle Website: www3.ntu.edu. sg/chronicle General Enquiries: chronicle@ntu.edu.sg

Human factor affects




ead i ng t h roug h t he reports on Steve Jobsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; death, I came across articles that recorded the last piece of advice he gave Tim Cook, his successor. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Just do what is right,â&#x20AC;? he said, â&#x20AC;&#x153;not do what Steve Jobs would.â&#x20AC;? This reminded me of what someone else who filled similarly large shoes had said. Sister Nirmala who took over Mother Teresa as the head of the global Missionaries of Charity Order, said she was clear that she was to be herself, not the Nobel Prizeawarded nun. Jobs and Mother Teresa were visionaries who left lasting changes in terms of products, programmes and culture, they mentored the people they worked with. Their successors were to be unique individuals, not slavish followers of a cult of personality, nor of the characteristics that had worked for their mentors. Products and resultsâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;these things are important. But for me, the deepest meanings are created at the intersection of one life with another. For Jobs and Mother Teresa, the effect they had through personal relationships left legacies that outlived them through their successors. Great f igures like Mot her Teresa, Jobs and Princess Diana

understood true achievement as their impact on fellow human beings and this was evident in their lives. Mother Teresa worked with the poorest of the poor and the abandoned in the slums of Calcutta for 50 years, while Diana has been immortalised in images of her holding hands with HIV patients and lepers. Even Jobs, whose attention to detail meant at times a tyrannical working style, was driven by the needs of the consumers ďŹ rstâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the human experience. T hroughout my life, what stayed with me and impacted who I was as a person and where I was going, were the people and relationships. When I became president of the debate club, I set myself a long to-do list of new initiatives to complete or existing projects to improve. Through a yearâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ďŹ&#x201A;urry of activity, I eventually got through the list. Looking back over that year, I should have felt a sense of accomplishment over all that had been achieved. Instead, the satisfaction of advising and coaching my juniors was what lingered on and still continues to be an important part of my life through the relationships formed. Likewise, as a news editor at The Nanyang Chronicle, I was glad to see news articles on timely issues produced by the paper. But the most memorable aspect was

working with writers who were not too conďŹ dent in their abilities, and through a bit of guidance on my part and a lot of passion and drive on theirs, seeing them turn in incredible work. That is also where the primary fascination with journalism lies for meâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;the chance to interact with diverse types of people, hear their stories and share in aspects of their lives. It is no surprise then that as the Chronicle closes for the semester, what I will take away will be the crazy overnighters during production of the paper, the laughter and frustration sharedâ&#x20AC;&#x201D; the sense that despite the fatigue, you were with people who wanted the same goal as badly as you. With technology increasingly replacing human functions, it has become even easier to downplay the difference made when on life meets another. Recently, the movie â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;Up in the Airâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; drove home for me how easy it is to lose sight of what matters due to the seductiveness of efďŹ ciency. In the drama, a system to ďŹ re people by videoconferencing is introduced by an ambitious fresh graduate. She is later devastated when her boyfriend breaks up with her over text message. Her hypocrisy highlights a greater truth about lifeâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;on the surface we may appear to be all business, but it is the relationships that keep us going.



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a matter of perspective

Driving beyond the COE C ALOYSIUS LAI

an you imagine having to ferry younger siblings from one extra-curricular activity to another? Or being the designated driver when your friends go clubbing? I would much rather be stuck in a crowded train. It is easy to understand why many would desire a vehicle of their own. A car offers better mobility, greater travelling comfort, and shorter waiting time. However, buying a car in Singapore is no simple undertaking and I am certainly glad I am not driving one. Not only do we have to consider the price of the vehicle, but also the cost of the Certificate of Entitlement (COE), Electronic Road Pricing (ERP), road taxes, customs duty and fuel prices. To make matters worse for prospective car owners—especially undergraduates like us—owning a car is almost guaranteed to become costlier in the future. Before the purchase of a new vehicle, a potential buyer has to bid for a COE according to the vehicle’s category. The COE allows the buyer to use the vehicle for 10 years, after which it has to be scrapped or have its COE renewed. This is a major cost component of a Singaporeregistered car. For instance, the COE of a 1600cc Honda Civic is at least $50,000—almost the price of the car itself. Besides cost of purchase, vehicle maintenance is also an issue. ERP was introduced in 1998 to control traffic in the Central Business District, along expressways and busy roads. Frequent ERP rate increases and expansion of ERP area coverage have been a thorn in the side for many local drivers. As of August 2011, ERP rates have been increased at two gantries and decreased at a third after a quarterly traffic review by the Land Transport Authority (LTA). Despite layman complaints, there is good reason for constraining vehicle population in Singapore. W hen roads can no longer handle the increasing vehicle load, the only option left is to expand road networks. LTA is already widening the Central Expressway and has approved construction of the North-South Expressway. Property prices in the vicinity of these road works will probably decline, and residents will have to be relocated to make way for these new roads. To minimise these problems, it is important to control vehicle growth. Beyond all cost issues, car ow ner sh ip may be wor t h t he money if it brings about sufficient convenience. However car owners do encounter problems that commuters usually do not, such as parking and traffic conditions. For example, finding parking space within busy shopping areas can be diff icult on weekends. Taking a train to City Hall is a lot

easier than weaving around car parks for at least 15 minutes. This time can be better spent blissfully sipping a cappuccino at Starbucks. In fact, taking public transport from the edge of Singapore to the central areas can be quicker than driving during peak hours. One such example—the newly-opened Circle Line, has greatly increased accessibility across the country. Regardless of traffic conditions, my trips from NTU to my aunt’s place in Bishan now last 45 minutes, down from an hour previously. However, even if public transport seems like the better option, I still face a dilemma as a commuter with the cost of public transportation going up as well. A price hike in transport costs of one per cent has recently been approved in August this year. This came at a time when congestion, service disruptions, and erratic arrival times were matters of much debate among citizens.

Taking public transport from the edge of Singapore to the central areas can be quicker than driving during peak hours.

There has been some concern that Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) delays and disruptions are becoming more frequent this year, despite the increase in fares. On the other hand, there has been marked progress in the expansion of the public transport infrastructure. With the introduction of the Circle Line, there is hope for better travelling experiences for commuters. If you compare monthly expenditure on transportation between a car owner and a commuter, I anticipate that they would cost me at least $1,000 and at most $200, respectively. With Singapore’s good public transportation infrastructure, it is more cost-effective to be a commuter. After all, should the need arise, cab services are within easy reach at the dial of a telephone. It does not take much imagination to figure out what my savings of a whopping $800 per month can do. I can easily save up to $10,000 within a year and fly to Greece for a vacation. Car ownership is clearly more a luxury than a necessity in a small and highly-urbanised country. Personal transportation in Singapore is not a viable option for many, especially with recent additions to the public transport network.




t’s 6pm and you just escaped from an agonising meeting with a demanding client. You drag your exhausted self to the train station, only to squeeze your way into an already packed train. Contrast this with the feeling of starting your car’s engine and being greeted by your favourite song on the radio. Obvious choice, isn’t it? This choice became even more apparent during my 10-week internship at Tanjong Pagar this summer. I was more than willing to work overtime on several occasions, just so I could avoid the peak hour crowd and have a comfortable trip home. I relished the rare occasions when I was allowed to use the family car instead of the dreaded public commute. Despite t he heavy parking charges and massive jams, the comfort more than made up for it. Hav i ng you r ow n wheels spells freedom, convenience and independence at almost any moment you desire. Craving prata after watching a late-night movie? No problem. No need to forgo supper and rush for the last bus to avoid paying the ridiculous 50% midnight taxi surcharge. Yearning for a day trip away from the stresses of piling school work? Easy! Drive across the causeway and feast on barbequed seafood after shopping to your heart’s content. And my favourite reason for owning a car? I can wake up at 8.30am instead of 7.30am and still be early for my 9.30am lecture. However with COE prices going at a whopping $50,000 minimum, being able to zoom around

town in your own car might take a while. When the latest rates were announced, my friends and I were left feeling frustrated. All things considered, one cannot help but question—how can I afford a car? And we’re not even talking about the vehicle itself, but a Certificate of Entitlement—a piece of paper that is unheard of anywhere else in the world, just to own a car. Let’s take a step back and be honest: was the rise in cost unexpected? Definitely not. COE prices have never remained low for long. Despite the rates reaching admittedly exorbitant levels, this does not mean that cars are a luxury reserved only for the wealthy. To me, the ability to afford a car is based on our ability to manage our finances. Tough as it may be, I believe that with carefully planned and prioritised spending, coupled with regular healthy savings, being a car owner is possible, regardless of the price hike. Let’s do the math: according to a sur vey conducted by the Ministr y of Manpower, a fresh graduate armed with a Bachelor of Arts (Hons) degree earns an average of $2,360 a month, after the mandatory 20% Central Provident Fund (CPF) deduction. Based on my current spending, and factoring in the higher salary, after deducting portions for our parents ($500), food ($400), transport ($300) and entertainment ($410), I can expect to save at least $750. This amounts to $18,000 after two years. With this $18,000 ser v ing as down payment, this reduces the cost of a car under 1500cc to $ 81,500, inclusive of COE. Factoring in interest for a seven year bank loan, monthly installments would cost slightly under

$1,100. Factoring in miscellaneous expenses such as fuel and parking charges, the total amount to maintain a car hovers around $2,000 a month. While it is a rather extravagant sum, most of us would be enjoying bonuses and a healthy raise after working for two years, which would ease the burden. Furthermore, if the purchase is made only after being certain of having the ability to cope with the monthly payments, this rather significant expenditure is definitely

I believe that with carefully planned and prioritised spending, coupled with regular healthy savings, being a car owner is possible.

within reach. After all, inflation is something that we constantly deal with, seeing how much prices have risen for food, utilities and accommodation. Owning our very own car is something that we all dream of when we rush to get our driver’s license at the magical age of 18. I certainly did. While it has been three years since I earned my legal right to be behind the wheel, I am still borrowing my parents’ car, it doesn’t bother me. It may now take even longer than I had initially hoped for, but that isn’t going to stop me from working towards buying one, and it shouldn’t stop you either.

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Smoking us out?


I prefer to use my phone manually. It is very weird to be talking to my phone in public. There is no privacy.


Sia Wan Rong, SBS, Yr 3, 22




have been a smoker for as long as I remember. Over the years, I have become completely immune to judgemental stares, disdainful sniffs and the usual frantic fanning of the air because of my nicotine-laden breath. With fewer places to light up legally as the years go by, smokers like myself have no choice but to congregate at whatever space that is leftâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;creating an even more undesirable environment for non-smokers. A true paradox indeed. Of the many reasons I can come up with, the most convenient would be to blame the extension of the smoking ban. Since 2009, smoking has been prohibited in many places, including playgrounds and exercise areas, shopping centres, and within ďŹ ve metres of entrances and exits. There are precious few smoker-friendly locations as it is. Smokers can choose between being packed like sardines in the tiny, designated smoking rooms in bars, standing around awkwardly pufďŹ ng around a dustbin along with hundreds of their peers, or simply enduring the baleful glares of passers-by as they attempt to quickly ďŹ nish a stick. Vera Lim, 23, a graduate student from the School of Humanities and Social Sciences said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;With so many restrictions, people break them because they have little or no other choice.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;While some smokers need to be more considerate, the rules and regulations that force smokers to stand in corners, or sneak a cigarette, creates more problems than it solves.â&#x20AC;? I do understand where all the unhappiness directed towards smokers is coming from. Even as a smoker, I would

sometimes choke from the noxious amounts of smoke produced where smokers congregate. Its health detriments and problems are well-documented, and anti-smoking evangelists are more than effective at convincing non-smokers that they are the ones who are truly suffering. Despite the Ministry of Environment and Water Resourcesâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; plan to extend the smoking ban, to further restrict the areas where smokers can congregate, so to reduce the impact that secondhand smoke is having on nonsmokers, the current restrictions are already being openly ďŹ&#x201A;outed.

Why go to such lengths to corner us smokers into being tempted to break the law, or look for loopholes to exploit?

Just take a look at areas in town such as Orchard. At any given building, the number of smokers smoking illegally in places such as stairwells, carpark corners and lift lobbies is incredible. Thomas Lam, 28, an NTU alumni, sums it up perfectly: â&#x20AC;&#x153;With all the bans in place, it is a toss-up between walking a huge distance to take a smoke, or getting ready to run like the wind when the National Environmental Agency guys try to approach you.â&#x20AC;? A very basic carrot-and-stick argument is at stake here. Further governmental regulation could attempt to cordon off the smokers, or they could take the â&#x20AC;&#x2DC;softâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; method by appealing to their public spirit to spare non-

smokers the agony of having to breathe the toxic smoke. A little consideration goes a very long way, instead of having the long, and often brutal, arm of the law intervene. For example, before an interview with a prospective employer, or a date with someone new, we try not to go in there reeking of cigarettes so as to not give a poor impression. Neither do we intentionally inďŹ&#x201A;ict on non-smokers the gruesome ills and diseases that are so freely displayed on our cigarette packs. Even as the crusade towards banning tobacco altogether in Singapore picks up steam, regulations that squeeze smokers into small corners continue to create a paradox. Maintaining levels of public health is necessary, but why go to such lengths to corner us smokers into a position where we would be tempted to break the law, or look for loopholes to exploit? Sean Lee, 23, a ďŹ rst-year student from the National Institute of Education concurs: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Smokers just have to be a little more considerate. No one likes having cigarette smoke blown in their faces. New parents, especially if they are non-smokers themselves, would be extra careful with regards to their childrenâ&#x20AC;?. Get out of that tiny stairwell and take a walk to somewhere open to get your nicotine ďŹ x, or just resist the temptation for a little while. With all the negative aspects of smoking, exercising restraint would do us a world of good, and have the added beneďŹ t of reducing a problem before the authorities see ďŹ t to intervene and make yet another hurdle that we would have to jump over. I know I will be taking my own advice from now on.

After watching numerous videos of the Siri application being tested, I feel that itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more entertaining than practical. Elton Lim, SBS, Yr 3, 23

While the iPhone technology is cutting-edge, Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m skeptical that Siri will recognise Singaporean accents.


Nurazleena Ramli, HSS, Yr 2, 20


I feel that a phone that can serve my basic needs is good enough. I donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see the need to buy a phone like the iPhone 4S. T. Deepa, NIE, Yr 4, 22

The iPhone 4S is counter-productive. If the phone canâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t catch what Iâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;m saying, it may carry out the wrong function for me.



36 OPINIONS louder than words


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92/ 12





bpl talk

Solidarity through adversity CLEMENT ONG ALTHOUGH the recently concluded Manchester derby dominated the headlines, with Manchester City crushing their United rivals 6-1, one should not forget that City constitute only one of the two currently unbeaten clubs in the league. The other club holding this unblemished record is, surprisingly, Newcastle United. At the moment, Newcastle are sitting pretty at fourth, behind Manchester Cit y, Manchester United and Chelsea. This comes as a surprise to many, since the club was embroiled in turmoil at the start of the season. Firstly, midfielder Joey Barton controversially demanded to be transferred out due to what he claimed was a lack of ambition within the club’s leadership. Moreover, the club lost two inf luential players, namely excaptain Kevin Nolan and defender José Enrique, to West Ham United and Liverpool respectively. They also searched in vain for a successor to the prolific Andy Carroll, who moved to Liverpool last season for £35 million (S$70 million). All this meant that Newcastle entered the season in a seemingly

they said that? Oh, my God, that was like two years ago. This is like two years later. Tennis player Serena WIlliams on the 2009 US Open semifinal incident where she threatened to choke a lineswoman with a tennis ball.

GOAL DELIGHT: Cheik Tioté (far left) celebrates his late match goal against Arsenal.

shambolic state. But they have so far confronted any doubts over their ability with an impressive run of results which saw them climb up the table. Of particular note is the team’s defensive solidity this season, which saw them conceding just six goals in nine matches so far. This stands in stark contrast to last season, when they leaked goals throughout the campaign, including heavy defeats to Bolton Wanderers and Stoke City. Newcastle have also been play-

ing more like a unit this season. This could be credited to the dynamic central midfield pairing of Yohan Cabaye and Cheik Tioté. Cabaye, a French midfielder signed from French champions Lille, was a seamless fit into the team, and struck up an understanding with the more defensively minded Tioté. The results that have followed show a team that allies a solid backline with a healthy dose of finesse in attack. But as impressive as Newcastle’s form has been thus far, the stron-


gest team they have faced is arguably, Arsenal. It r e m a i n s to b e s e e n i f Newcastle have the pedigree to challenge the likes of Manchester United, City and Chelsea, whom they will face in three consecutive weeks at the end of this year. But if Newcastle remain galvanised, and continue to maintain a high level of performance in the league, the Toon Army could rise from obscurity, to possibly challenging the Europa League, or even a Champions League spot.

I ve had the worst year. So if you expect me to be all happy doolally after a race like that you re not going to hear it. F1 driver Lewis Hamilton after finishingg second in Korea.

sports talk

Medals to rule them all XAVIER KOO IT COMES as no surprise that in a results-driven society like Singapore, the viability of a sport is determined almost entirely on its medal-winning potential. This was shown when Singapore Table Tennis Association (STTA) Chief Lee Bee Wah was questioned for fielding two inexperienced youths—Isabelle Li and Zena Sim— for the 2011 SEA Games in November. Lee nominated the two in hope of developing the youngsters who were just entering their professional phase. The Singapore National Olympic Council (SNOC) subsequently rejected the nomination on grounds that the selection of world-class female players like Feng Tianwei, Wang Yuegu and Li Jiawei, world ranked fourth, ninth and 18th respectively, should take precedence. In the quest to use our best athletes for international competitions, we have overlooked the painful reality that this over-emphasis on sporting excellence has spread to multiple levels in Singapore. In our relentless pursuit of glory, we have neglected the larger benefits of sports for young people. Sporting competitions develop character, and through these ex-


periences, participants learn intangible qualities like fair play and humility in the face of defeat. Unfortunately, these benefits are now only conferred only upon the privileged, medal-worthy few. At the amateur level, the pursuit of results is unrelenting. Schools pride themselves on their niche sports and actively recruit players through the Direct School Admission (DSA) scheme to enhance their teams. Schools like Anglo-Chinese School (Independent), Raff les Institution and Saint Andrew’s, for example, are constantly placed among the top three for rugby

at the national level and attract hordes of DSA candidates. T h r oug h DSA , se cond a r y schools can admit anywhere from five per cent of their annual intake, to a staggering 100 per cent. Unsurprisingly, the environment of results-motivated competition leaves out equally passionate, but relatively undeveloped, athletes. And like their professional counterparts, they are usually relegated to mere bench-warmers. Findings by the Straits Times in 2006 showed that, on average, only 15 per cent of students make the team. The result? Some defect to other sports or even worse, quit entirely.

This problem is aggravated in schools with limited spots reserved for those who are deemed “good enough”. Similarly, budding athletes in the international arena need their fair share of competition experience. This will aid their overall development as professional athletes, helping them deal with the reality of competitive sports—the stress, the stakes, even the defeats—that they will inevitably face. The pursuit of sporting excellence inadvertently favours established rather than budding athletes. Ms Sum Chee Wah, director of Education Programmes Division at the Ministry of Education, told the Straits Times in 2008: “Students with potential will represent their school in competitions and be groomed by the National Sports Association (NSA). “Many of our national athletes were first exposed to sports via cocurricular activities and inter-school games competition.” Does this mean that the less talented will never get competition experience? It may seem obvious enough but we must realise that there is more to competition than just winning. Until the day we stop our obsession with results and start thinking about athletes, the chase for sporting excellence has gone too far.


I ve scored d goals at grounds where there wasn t even a crowd behind the goal. There was nothing apart from grass, trees or houses. Norwich City winger Anthony Pilkington on his pre-BPL football experiences.

If Liverpool want to ruin the Premier League and rip the heart out of English football, this is the way to go about it. Wigan Athletic chairman Dave Whelan on Liverpool’s idea of negotiating their own overseas television rights.



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sports proďŹ le

Handball newbie now a champ AVRIL HONG

Handball in Singapore



SH E mistook handball for an entirely different sport just two years ago. But this did not stop Rose Tan from eventually excelling in t he spor t and lead ing t he N T U womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s ha ndba l l tea m to v ic tor y at t he Si ngap or e University Games (SUniG) this year, where they triumphed over powerhouse NUS. The 22-year-old picked up h a nd ba l l i n ad v e r te nt l y t wo years ago at a clinic organised by students from the School of Physical Education and Spor t Science (PESS). She had conf used t he rules of handball with that of Tchoukballâ&#x20AC;&#x201D;another spor t she was playing around the same time back then. â&#x20AC;&#x153;The coach and my seniors kept laugh ing at me because I kept forgetting I should not bounce the ball before scoring (as per Tchoukball rules) in my first handball match,â&#x20AC;? said the t hird-year Spor t Science and Management student.

â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes key players can get a little arrogant and snobbish, but Rose is very down-toearthâ&#x20AC;? NTUâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s handball coach Wong Shin Yee

Ta n , who a l s o play e d basketball competitively during her secondary school days, felt the variety of sports she played made it difficult for her to pick up a new game. She said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Itâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more difficult to learn a new sport when youâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;re older because your muscles have developed in a certain way for your current sport. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Whatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s more, handball was a sport I had never heard of while I was in primary and secondary school.â&#x20AC;? Despite being new to handball at the time, Tan went on to represent N T U in 2009. She also tried to make up for lost time by embracing training opportunities. As captain of the womenâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s handball team, Tan trained with t he playe r s t hat r epr esented Singapore at the Youth Olympic Ga me s ( YOG ) a nd r ece ived scor i ng t ips f rom t he tea mâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coaches. B u t t he h i g h l i g ht of he r experiences was at a training e x p e d i t i on t o t h e N a t i on a l Ta iwan Un iver sit y in Ta ipei, where she discovered a new side to handball. She said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;It was in Taiwan

POISED TO SCORE: In just two years, Rose Tan has risen to become a crucial part of the NTU handball team. PHOTO | WONG JING YING

where I realised that handball is such a beautiful game.â&#x20AC;? â&#x20AC;&#x153;Their players defend so fast and attack so gracefully that it was an inspiration to train with them.â&#x20AC;? Perhaps the reason for her success as team captain is her belief in the overall well-being of players. Tanâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s coach Wong Shin Yee, 25, who has coached at NTU for three years, said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Rose builds the team in aspects that I cannot. She has a deep understanding of tea m d y na m ic s a nd t he i r challenges.â&#x20AC;? She added: â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes key players can get a little arrogant and snobbish but Rose is ver y

down-to-earth. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Thatâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s how she gained the teamâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s respect.â&#x20AC;? Tan is so dedicated to her handball team that school work takes a back seat at times. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I pract ica lly push my projects aside during competition season,â&#x20AC;? Tan admitted. â&#x20AC;&#x153; S o f a r, I â&#x20AC;&#x2122; v e b e e n l u c k y to have group member s who understand that I will focus on projects after my games.â&#x20AC;? W h i le Ta n i s c on s i d e r e d a recent conver t to handball, it was t he t h r i l l of lea r n i ng something new that motivated her to excel in the sport. And this desire to learn still motivates Tan, who also added

t hat she is sti ll lear ning t he ropes. She explained: â&#x20AC;&#x153;I am still trying to understand some grey areas in handball rules that are very complicated. â&#x20AC;&#x153;Sometimes when we shoot, defenders might block us in a way that would usually result in a foul but referees might see it as a good defence.â&#x20AC;? But in spite of a seemingly slow start, Wong feels Tan will make a valuable player in the local handball scene with time. Wong said: â&#x20AC;&#x153;She really has a lot of potential and is only just beginning to blossom. â&#x20AC;&#x153;I expect to see great things from her in the future.â&#x20AC;?

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Raise your arm to block your opponent’s shooting arm while keeping your weight on the back foot.

2 Twist your upper body to the right placing the ball on the floor.

Lie on the floor while holding a ball over your torso with both hands.

1 Transfer your weight to the front foot and nudge your nonblocking arm against your opponent’s hip to block her.

3 Repeat on the other side.


sports recap

Rain fails to dampen street spirit

Wounded hand no obstacle for champ

+8$1*6+8481 &+8$<8;8$1


THE NTU Street Challenge 2011 organised by the NTU Sports Club took place at the Sports and Recreation Centre (S&RC) on October 22nd. It boasted a total of six sports: soccer, handball, frisbee, captain’s ball, floorball and handball. Despite delays caused by poor weather, the organisers had contingency plans in place. “We were not caught off guard (by the weather). Since most of the events only took five to 10 minutes to set up, the captain ball teams were agreeable to move indoors,” said Ling Siew

Kwong, 21, the event’s chairperson and a first-year student at Nanyang Business School. For some, the competition was an opportunity for cross-cultural friendships. “It was an exciting experience because we got to play against footballers from Norway,” said Nur Hidayat, 21, a thirdyear student from the School of Physical and Mathematical Sciences and a finalist in the football event. “The event had many participants from different countries and I made some new friends today.”

A N INJ U R ED hand was not enough to stop Rober t Gorczakowski. The f irst-year American exchange student at Nanyang Business School (NBS), 20, stormed to victor y at the men’s singles f inals of the NT U Tennis Open Championships. He beat Romain Delon, 22, a first-year exchange student at NBS, 6-1, 7-6 to clinch the title. “I had to tape up my f inger half way through the finals match, but I did not let it affect me at all,” said Gorczakowski. “In the end, I just stuck to my game and held out to the end. Barely.” Held from October 10th to 24th, this year’s NT U Tennis Open Championships featured the biggest r un of the annual event ever. The event garnered a record total of 108 par ticipants competing in four categories—the Men’s Singles and Doubles, as well as the Women’s Singles and Doubles. PHOTO | WAN ZHONG HAO


Show of strength at tennis open – Page 39

NTU overall 2nd in SUniG Sports 9 Ball Pool Aquathlon Badminton Basketball Bowling Cricket Cross Country Handball Netball Rugby 7s Soccer Squash Swimming VICTORY HUG: The NTU men's football team faced an uphill battle in their title defence.

LAI JUNJIE SPORTS EDITOR I T WA S a l mos t a n a l l N T U and NUS (National University of Si n g a p or e ) a f f a i r at t h e Si ngapore Un iver sit y Ga mes (SUniG) this year, with the longtime rivals clashing in as many finals. But despite the good showing t h i s y e a r, N T U d r o p p e d t o second place among the four universities at the games, which la s te d f r om Aug u s t 27t h to October 8th, losing out to NUS by a single championship gold medal. N US won the overall title w it h 13 c h a mpion s h ip gold medals, edging out NTU's 12. NTU were SUniG champions last year after trailing behind NUS for four years.

M s S h e r y l L o w, D e p u t y D i r e c tor of t h e Sp or t s a nd Recreation Centre, was pleased with the efforts of NTU’s athletes. She said: “There are always ups and downs and we cannot be champions in every sport we take part in. “SUniG was created to give oppor t u n it ies for st udent s from all the universities to get involved and come together, so winning fewer golds does not mean we are worse off.” Despite coming in second, Ms Low and NTU’s SUniG athletes poi nted out com mendable performances by several teams in the games. The NTU men’s football team was one such example that put in a notewor thy performance during the games. T he team suffered a poor start in their first match, falling

THIS IS NTU!: The men's volleyball team were a dominating presence, winning all their matches. PHOTO | LAM ZHAO YAO


to Si ngapor e M a nage me nt University (SMU) 4-1. A s t h e c om p e t i t i on w a s played in a round robin format, this meant that NTU had to win their final match against NUS by a minimum four goal difference to retain the title. Salvation for the team arrived in the form of a goal during injury time in the match against NUS, when a strike from forward Hasbullah Johari allowed them to win the match 4-0. This enabled NTU to snatch the gold from SMU and retain the men’s football title. “We wanted to defend our title so badly that we psyched ourselves up and gave everything we had in that match (against NUS),” said captain Aidil Osman, 23. T he s e c ond-y e a r s t ude nt f r om t he Na nya ng Bu si ne s s School added: “I was ut terly speechless when that final goal came in at the last minute. “I cou ld n’t say a ny t h i ng while the whole team went crazy celebrating. It was unreal.” Others like the touch football women’s team contr ibuted to t he sha re of gold meda ls a s well. T h e gold w a s e s p e c i a l l y sweet for t he tea m who had played second f iddle to N US a n d Si n g a p or e I n s t i t u t e of Management (SIM) for the past three years at SUniG. “Ou r ph i losophy at ever y competition is to go in with no fear and just do it,” said touch football captain, Jolene Tan, 23, a final-year student from National Institute of Education.

Table Tennis Tennis Touch Football Ultimate Frisbee Volleyball Waterpolo

Mixed Men Women Mixed Men Women Men Women Men Men Women Men Women Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Men Women Women Mixed Men Women Men


Overall ranking

Championship Golds

1st: NUS 2nd: NTU 3rd: SMU 4th: SIM

13 12 3 3

ALL THE WAY UP: Their championship gold was a long anticipated victory for the touch football women's team. PHOTO | COURTESY OF ASHLEY MAK

Profile for Nanyang Chronicle

The Nanyang Chronicle Vol 18 Issue 05  

The Nanyang Chronicle Vol 18 Issue 05