Building-up energy saving awarness
4.1 Didactical approach and active participation to energy efficiency
an experience of active participation of end-users, aimed to a sensibilization towards a more efficient running of the school building. Dr. Monica Lazzaroni, Province of Lucca
The scientific analysis and results illustrated so far show that energy saving in school buildings cannot be reached only with architectural solutions and a good knowledge on low energy consumption materials. Even if the project has focused on cheap technical solution considering the economic trend which European countries are facing with, nevertheless it appears that an active participation of end users is essential to fulfil the goal, especially related to indoor comfort.
energy saving can be easily generalised all over Europe.
In other words, even if Teenergy Schools has tried to propose several structural interventions for reducing the energy consumption in Mediterranean schools, the reduction can be implemented only if students and teachers assume a responsible behaviour in the everyday utilisation of the schools spaces and equipments.
The meetings have been focusing on two main aspects:
The school is the first and most adequate place for the beginning of a general change of mindset and for learning how to put sustainability into practice, improving the awareness towards a more efficient running of the school building, for an effective change of mindset and energy consumption behavior. If technical solutions can change between north and south Europe (in the north the main problem is to heat up the school buildings, in the south is to find passive cooling solutions), a didactical approach for promoting a responsible behaviour towards
The didactical approach elaborated within â€œTeenergy Schoolâ€? project and applied by each partner according to its local target, foresees one or two meetings with different classrooms of the schools involved in the pilot projects. The meeting is directed by a technical referent of the project and a member of the most representative local environmental association.
a general overview on the world progressive consumption of traditional energy resources and the need to develop the use of alternative ones; the everyday consumption of energy in school starting from personal behaviour A questionnaire (Tab.1) was submitted to the classroom; the students were invited to describe the internal comfort of their classroom and their school in general, including the school energy performance. Once the focus was done, they were asked to propose some solutions to improve the energy efficiency and the internal comfort of their school through two exercises. The first, to be done alone, consisted in monitoring oneâ€™s home real energy consumption collecting all the bills and making some calculations in order to find out the value in kWh/m2/year. Each student
disposed of an excel table (Tab. 2) to be filled in. The second, needed to be discussed in the classroom; the students in fact were asked to list some prior interventions and consequent positive effects for improving the actual performance of the school; students were also asked to indicate approximately the cost of each suggested intervention. An adequate period of time was left to the students in order to discuss with their teacher the data collected at home and share observations and proposals with the other classmates. At the end each group of students was invited to present the result of its work during an official event organised by the local public administration, partner of the project. This approach permits to students, as final end users, to participate actively in improving the energy efficiency of their schools, apart from structural investments which can be realized by the public administration in charge of the maintenance of school buildings. Particularly the didactical approach proposed gives a double contribution to active participation: stimulates each student/teacher to assume a responsible behaviour on energy consumption; gives to students, as end users, the chance to intervene also with technical suggestions, in the decision-making process for the measures to be taken by the public administration which has the competence on school buildings maintenance.