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FINAL REPORT for

Clean Running Water Project to

Philip Jones What?

A clean running water project benefiting 2,100 Tibetans.

Where?

Chetsa Tibetan Community is located approximately thirty km from the Gomang Township Town, 90 km from Mangra (Guinan) County Town, 120 km from the Mtsho lho (Hainan) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Seat, and 200 km from Xining, the capital of Qinghai Province, PR China.

When?

November 2013

Contribution: Philip Jones Contribution

=

Second Contributors: = Local Water Bureau = Local Community Contribution = TOTAL PROJECT VALUE =

78,030RMB 89,808RMB 67,500RMB 67,500RMB 302,838RMB

By

Friendship Charity Association 10 November 2013 1


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10 November 2013 Dear Mr. Jones, We are very delighted to report on the successful completion of the Clean Running Water Project for a Tibetan Community in Qinghai Province. Your contribution of 78,030RMB in May 2013, with 89,808RMB from several other parties (Rotary Club of Shanghai; HuaQiao Foundation; FreshStart; FCA; Mr. and Mrs. Eoghan O’Neill), plus 67,500RMB from the village committee, and 67,500RMB provided by the local Water Bureau for trench digging services, ensured the successful completion of this project. Your contribution of 78,030RMB specifically brought water to the Rgyal Dong Tribe in Chetsa Community as part of this multi-resource funded project. Chetsa is a large community of 2,100 Tibetans with several tribes. With the other contributors (as above), this project brought water through 15 km of 75# volume pipe to 35# volume pipe. There is good water pressure and ample water for local households. Prior to the project, Chetsa’s biggest problem was a lack of water. For generations, locals travelled 5 to 1and 10 to 15 km (6 to 8 hours) per single trip to fetch drinking water and to water local livestock. Donkeys, motorcycles, old tire inner tubes, and tractors were used to haul water. Donkeys can haul only 50 to 75 kg of water per trip, which is enough for 2 to 3 three days of water for drinking, cooking, and washing. Women can carry 10 to 25 kg of water on their backs per trip. All locals used old inner tubes and used metal and plastic oil and gasoline containers to store water consequently, water tasted of rubber and gas. Villagers drove their livestock once every 2 days to a valley 10 to 15 km per single trip from their community. In spring, this took more time because livestock are weak due to the shortage of grass. Locals live on the grassland and approximately 1.5 km separates household. Grassland degradation worsened with livestock being driven once every 2 days to distant water sources. Consequently, much grass was damaged. This resulted in villagers needing to buy feed for livestock, which reduced annual income. Chetsa Community approached local government about a water project several times over the past several years. The proposal was repeatedly rejected. Consequently, Chetsa approached FCA for external assistance. With generous support from you and the other sources, water was brought via 15 km of pipe to fulfill locals’ need. This has significantly shortened the distance between local households and the nearest available water source so that 2,100 Tibetans now have access to an adequate supply of water in the center of Chetsa Community. Locals now fetch water near their homes and pastureland. Local children, especially girls have a greater chance to attend schools through reduction of the time required for them to fetch water. Local hygiene and sanitation has improved because locals are now able to bathe more frequently. Furthermore, herders will no longer need to drive their livestock to distant water sources, thereby improving the grassland environment. I sincerely appreciate you making this project a reality for thousands of Tibetans. It has markedly improved the quality of their lives and their local environment. Sincerely,

Nangchukja Director Friendship Charity Association www.friendshipcharity.org

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Photographs

The nearest township to the local community. 3


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Resettled communities near the township town. 4


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Desert near the local community. 5


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Part of a local community. 6


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Part of a local community. 7


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Locals drove flocks of sheep across grassland 5 to 15 km to the water source before the project. 8


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Local women driving sheep. 9


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Local women ride motorbikes to fetch water from 5 to 15 kms from their homes. 10


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Locals used carts pulled by donkeys to fetch water. 11


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School-aged children were often involved in fetching water and watering livestock. 12


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A local woman waters her yaks 10 km from her home. 13


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Project pipes reach the local community. 14


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Locals unload water pipes. 15


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Trench digging. 16


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Trench for pipe. 17


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Pipe trench. 18


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Locals start connecting pipes. 19


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Pipes near the water project site. 20


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Locals transport pipes to the trench. 21


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Locals transport pipes to the water project site. 22


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Locals prepare pipes to be buried in 2.1meter deep trench. 23


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Locals start connecting pipes. 24


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Tools used for connecting pipes. 25


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Tools for connecting pipes. 26


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A connected part of a pipe. 27


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Locals place a separator in the pipe. 28


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Locals connecting pipes. 29


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A vent pipe connected. 30


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A connected pipe. 31


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Connected pipe in trench. 32


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Locals place pipes in the trench. 35


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Pipes are buried. 36


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Pipes being buried. 37


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A ditch two years after having been covered in the same general area. For details of this particular water project, see: http://tibetanplateau.wikischolars.columbia.edu/Shaja+Tibetan+Community+Water+Project 38


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Locals participate in the project. 39


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Water started flowing from the new water pipe. 40


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Water flows from the project water pipe. 41


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A local person checks water pressure of the new water source. 42


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A local man shows water from the new water source. 43


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A local woman fetches water from the project water source. 44


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A local man fetches water from new water source. 45


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A local man fetches water from new water source. 46


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A local woman fetch water. 47


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Water in trough. 48


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Yaks drink water. 49


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A local woman fetches water 50


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Interviews Interview One:

Ajay, a local woman, said, “Before this project, we had to travel 15 km to the water source to fetch drinking water and water the livestock. Now this life has changed. This project brought us adequate water near our households and has saved us a lot of time and brought us many benefits. I am thankful to the donor for giving us this great project! � 51


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Interview Two:

Tsering Drolma, a school-aged girl, said, “I used to go with my mother to fetch water in the far distance. Now we have plenty of water in the community.�

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Interview Three:

Yangjab, local village head, said, “We are so thankful to the donor providing us this water project. Water means life to us. We used to travel a great distance and now this problem is solved. Now we have 24 hours of running water in our community and anyone can fetch water anytime they want.�

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Project Activities 2013

Activities

May June 25 June 26 June 26 June 27 June 28 July 30 July 5 July 6 July 25 August 5 September 20 September 20 November10

Received funds Hold project meetings Trained project committee members Purchased water pipes Local experts designed the water pipeline Dug pipe trench Purchase additional project materials Paid trench diggers Monitored project Connected pipes Monitored water project progress Completed project Interviewed participants Submit final report

Participants FCA Locals, FCA FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, Locals FCA, locals Locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA FCA, Locals FCA

Impact Summary This project:  ensured a clean water supply for 2,100 marginalized Tibetans in a minority Tibetan herding community,  provided 3 water taps,  reduced the time spent collecting water from the nearest sources – a single trip distance of between 10 to 15 kilometers that required 6 to 8 hours,  enabled women to seek alternative work to help them support their families, e.g., tailoring and family chores,  improved the health and personal hygiene of community members by providing water for washing clothing and more frequent hand-washing and bathing,  increased the number of girls attending school, as many school-age girls stay at home caring for the household while their mothers are away collecting water,  reduced the harmful environmental impact of livestock walking across grassland to water, and  decreased the cost of gasoline used by motorcycles in hauling water.

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Project Sustainability Friendship Charity Association (FCA) and Chetsa Community will be responsible for the sustainability of this project. The local village will report to the FCA if problems arise related to this project. Meanwhile, FCA will visit the project site frequently and discuss problems, should they arise, with local villagers and government. Problems with pipe quality will be solved by the pipe company as stipulated in a pre-sale agreement. During project implementation, FCA employed a water expert and purchased of all necessary equipment to ensure quality, which was guaranteed by the vendors. FCA has had experience in purchasing items related to water projects, such as pipes, and utilized such successful models and lessons learned in this project as well. The village committee organized local residents to dig the ditches and lay the pipes. Once this was completed, the water expert inspected the taps and monitored pipes for leaks with 4 to 6 local villagers, thus providing training in necessary skills. Consequently, these locals can check the pipes and taps on a weekly basis in future. These trained villagers have extra responsibilities in times of harsh weather and local village committees pay each 500RMB a year. For example, in summer, heavy rains can cause flooding in some parts of this community and the pipes under the ground are pushed to the earth’s surface. The inspectors are in charge of fixing such repairs by themselves. Additionally, in winter, the village inspectors will insulate the water faucets warm so they do not freeze. Additional information: Since 2007, FCA has implemented water projects in more than ten Tibetan communities with far-reaching sustainable benefits in terms of community development. Local families have obtained, on average, 5.5 hours a day to pursue building greenhouses and work outside the community. Local women now spend this extra time on handicrafts, washing clothes, and caring for children. On average, income per person increases about 140RMB per year. Furthermore, water projects dramatically reduce the environmental impact (grassland degradation) of livestock taken across the grasslands to distant water sources. Final reports for these water projects may be viewed at: http://www.friendshipcharity.org/reports/ and by clicking the following links: 1. Comprehensive Development Project supported by the Canada Fund 2. Dongkor Water Project supported by the German Embassy 3. Demang Irrigation and Reservoir Project supported by the German Embassy 4. Damang Sanitation and Water Project supported by HuaQiao Foundation 5. Shaja Running Water Project supported by HuaQiao Foundation 6. http://www.archive.org/details/ErmFoundationRunningWater ProjectInTsanakTibetanVillage

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Letter of Appreciation (translation) Dear Compassionate Donor, On behalf of all Chetsa Community members, I thank you for supporting this running water project. With the implementation of this project, over 2,000 community members’ wishes are fulfilled. The benefit of this project is beyond reckoning. Water means life and we are now starting to have a good life. The distance for water of over 10 to 15 km is now much reduced. All of us can access an adequate supply of clean water now. Finally, this project has given us many positive opportunities and we thank you for making this great project possible. Sincerely, Chetsa Community 25 July 2013

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Letter of Appreciation (Original)

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FINANCES Donor Contribution = 78,030RMB Receipt Item Detail No. 1 Plastic pipe # 40 1,500kg  13.50RMB Plastic pipe #50 500kg  14RMB Plastic pipe #32 3,000kg  13RMB 2 Connections 500 connectors  10RMB Taps 3 taps  30RMB 3 Cement 3 tons  580RMB 4 Brick 500 bricks  3RMB 5 Tap room door 2 doors  200RMB 6 Material transport 3,000 per truck Philip Jones Contribution Other Contributors: Parties Details Second Parties 7.5km pipes # 75#40, Local Water Pipe trench digging fee 7.5km* 9RMB Bureau Local Community Pipe trench digging fee 7.5km* 9RMB TOTAL Other Contribution TOTAL Project Contribution

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Total RMB

27,250 44,090 1,790 1,500 400 3,000 78,030

TORAL RMB 89,808 67,500 67,500 224,808 302,838


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Expenditure 1. Receipt

2. Receipt

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3. Receipt

Note: 160RMB was contributed by FCA as per this receipt. 4. Receipt

5. Receipt

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6. Receipt

[Translation] Receipt: This is to certify that I, Kuntharja, received 3,000RMB for transporting materials for a water project. Date received: 15 August, 2013

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Project Sketch


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Project Site Map:

Guinan County


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Project Site

Final report for water project  
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