Page 1



Pigsties, Sheep Sheds, and Toilets Projects for Two Tibetan Communities to

Mr. Philip Jones What?

Four pigsties/sheep sheds and four toilets are directly benefiting 48 Tibetans (8 households) and indirectly benefiting about 200 Tibetans.


Dara and Shaja Communities are 2-3 km from Gomang Township Town, 80 km from Guinan County Town, 156 km from the Prefecture Seat, and 301 km from Xining City. These communities are former herders who were resettled in 2008.


November 2013


Philip Jones Contribution = Local Community Contribution = TOTAL PROJECT VALUE =

23,094RMB 18,470RMB 41,564RMB


Friendship Charity Association 15 November 2013 1


November 15, 2013 Dear Mr. Jones, We respectfully report on the successful completion of Pigsties, Sheep Sheds, and Toilets for Two Tibetan Communities. With your contribution of 23,094RMB in May 2013, plus, a contribution of 18,470RMB from local communities, brought 4 pigsties/ sheep sheds, (which can accommodate swine and sheep – the original proposal mentioned pigs only) and 4 toilets to 2 communities in Guinan County, Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, PR China. Before the project, these 2 resettled communities lacked pigsties, sheep sheds, and toilets. Lack of pigsties, sheep sheds, and toilets caused health problems. Locals urinated and defecated in and near village households. Such areas often put humans and livestock in close proximity, creating good conditions for diseases to cross from people to animals and vice versa. In summer, the pungent smell of human waste wafted through the village. Elders and young children were particularly inconvenienced. In general, locals’ understanding of hygiene is poor and they do not understand why they become ill or how this might relate to a lack of personal cleanliness. With your generous support, this project brought 4 pigsties, sheep sheds, and 4 toilets to Shaja and Dara communities. Building pigsties, sheep sheds, and toilets brought a safer environment to locals by reducing hygiene problems and did so conveniently, effectively, and at low-cost. It also inculcated positive attitudes toward and practices in the use and maintenance of latrines; increased awareness of good hygiene and sanitation; means less offensive odor from human waste decomposing near homes; protected the environment; and has provided conditions for locals to live healthier lives. During the course of project implementation, locals were engaged in construction work and thus certain construction skills were learned in building pigsties and toilets. Furthermore, this project brought models of building toilet and pigsties, thus encouraging neighboring villages to build such facilities by themselves. Finally, I extend my sincere thanks to you for providing this project to these 2 communities.


Nangchukja Director Friendship Charity Association




Dara and Shaja resettled communities 3


A new toilet under construction. 4


A completed toilet. 5


A completed toilet. 6


A new toilet under construction.



A new, completed toilet.



A new, completed toilet. 9


New, completed toilet . 10


A sheep shed/pigsty 11


A sheep shed/pigsty 12


A pigsty/sheep shed. 13


A sheep shed/pigsty 14


Pigs in a completed pigsty.



Pigs in a pigsty



Pigs in a pigsty. 17


Sheep fodder in a sheep shed. 18


A pigsty/sheep shed. 19


Inside a sheep shed. 20


Interviews Interview One:

Demotsho, a local woman, said, “I am very thankful to the donor for providing my family a toilet. This facility has brought much convenience and improved our personal hygiene.�



Interview Two:

Jamyang Skyid, a local elder, said, “Toilets and pigsties in our community benefit us in many ways. These facilities stop have ended pigs and sheep wandering in the community so we don’t need to worry about leaving our courtyard gates opened. I thank the generous donor for helping us with this facility and hope locals will learn to build more such facilities.”



Project Impact      

Provided 4 pigsties/sheep sheds and 4 toilets to 2 communities Trained and improved local hygiene and sanitation Provided a safe, convenient, worry-free environment for human urination and defecation Provided a safe environment for pigs Increased the human-and-swine feces free areas in villages Healthier pigs means less illness from eating pork from sick pigs

SUSTAINABILITY During the course of this project implementation, locals provided sand, stones, and labor. FCA invited local Tibetan experts to demonstrate construction skills for each project construction work. The project recipients learned construction skills and thus will be able to repair them in the future. Upon project completion, project meetings were held and rules for using toilets and pigsties were discussed. The meeting also raised awareness of sanitation among locals. Toilet owners will open the toilet for other people and repair and clean the toilet when needed. This project was implemented following the success of toilet and pigsty projects done in 7 Tibetan villages in 2010 (final report: and 2011 (final report: These projects brought safe, cleaner, cost-effective, modern pigsties and toilets. Manure in the toilets and pigsties is used as fertilizer for household agriculture. A basic health-training program covered how and why to use the pigsties and toilets, and raised awareness of health care, e.g., keeping the local environment clean and the dangers of stray pigs wandering into homes. Locals with toilets and pigsties no longer urinate and defecate on open ground. Animals and people no longer have close contact with waste that may transfer diseases. Human waste is concentrated in toilets and becomes natural fertilizer for cropland, reducing costs for chemical fertilizers and improving crop quality. Recipients of these projects also learned basic construction skills in building pigsties and toilets and will be able to do similar construction work FCA will hire them in the future.

Date May 2013 June 2013 July 2013 August September 2013 November 2013

Project Activities Activity Receive funds. Hold project meeting. Select suitable locations for toilets. Purchase materials; begin construction work; health training. Complete project; write final report.


Participants FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals FCA, locals


Letter of Appreciation (translation) Dear Mr. Philip Jones, We first thank you for providing pigsties/sheep sheds and toilets to our community. Pigsties/sheep sheds and toilets were very much needed in our community and have already brought many benefits. They brought a better environment for livestock and local villagers. It also has improved sanitation conditions in our community. We hope you will consider doing more such projects. Again, many thanks! Sincerely, Shaja Community (Stamp)



Letter of Appreciation (Original)



Letter of Appreciation (translation) Dear Mr. Philip Jones, We are very grateful to you for providing us this great project. The pigsties/sheep sheds and toilets benefit our community in many ways. These facilities have stopped stray pigs and sheep from wandering in the community, thus improving the environment of community lanes and household courtyards. These facilities provide us a great example of better sanitation and hygiene improvement. Finally, we want to thank you for bringing us this project. Sincerely, Dara Community (Stamp)



Letter of Appreciation (Original)



FINANCES Donor Contribution = 23,094RMB Receipt No. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13

Donor Total RMB Red brick 400 brick*0.60 RMB 1,200 Grey brick 160 brick* 3 RMB 4,320 Brick tile 30 tiles* 1.5 RMB 2,060 Plastic sheets 10 kg* 9.3 RMB 1,674 Concrete 10 bag*15 RMB 600 Cement 5 bags* 26 RMB/bag 2,475 Pipe #110 2 meters* 25 RMB/meter 200 Metal door 1 door* 100 RMB/door 800 Installment fee 2 people* 300 RMB/toilet 2,660 Transportation A truck* 2,000 RMB/truck (from Xining to the villages) 2,600 Material Material photocopies 1,500 Equipment rental Health diagnosis equipment 2,000 Management fee FCA 1,000 Total Donor Contribution 23,094 Remaining 5 Per Unit RMB

Per Unit RMB

Local Contribution = 18,470RMB Items Grey brick Brick tile Plastic sheets Steel bars Concrete Concrete board Cement Sand and stone TOTAL

Total RMB 8,000 2,000 670 2,500 600 100 1,600 3,000 18,470



Expenditure 1. Receipt

2. Receipt

3. Receipt



4. Receipt

5. Receipt



6. Receipt

7. Receipt

8. Receipt



9. Receipt

10. Receipt

11. Receipt



12. Receipt

[Translation] We received 2,000RMB for renting three health instruments for health training. Date: 10 August 2013. Receiver: Dorjee Tsering 13. Receipt



COMMUNITY BACKGROUND Dara Village has 1,450 residents (220 households), and is 3 km from Gomang Township Town, 80 km from Guinan County Town, 156 km from the Prefecture Seat, and 301 km from Xining City. It is a community of former herders who were resettled in 2008. Shaja Village has 1,600 residents (236 households), and is located 2 km from Gomang Township Town, 80 km from Guinan County, 156 km from Hainan Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture Seat, and 301 km from Xining. It is a community of former herders who were resettled in 2008. These villages experience 5 months of winter, which is a barren season for crop production. The average temperature in winter is -15째 C. The average temperature in summer is 24째 C. The most common illnesses are flu, diarrhea, headache, and abdominal complaints. Due to poor hygiene awareness, locals do not wash their hands on a regular basis and bathing is rare. Parents do not advise their children to wash hands and they rarely wash their clothes.




Guinan County



Project Site

Final report for pigsties and toilet