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Gurmukhi Nimbus Sans


Gurmukhi Nimbus Sans ਗੁਰਮੁਖੀ ਿਨੰਬਸ ਸਸ This is a type specimen booklet

Design by Namrata Goyal Visual Communication Design Srishti School of Art, Design and Technology 2013


ਿਪੱਛਾ//background "To provide a choice for better design." Given the vernacular diversity of scripts, communication through the rapidly growing traditional media needs quality typefaces and language support for the diversity of scripts. Gaining language support with existing technologies and easy availability of digital tools may only be achieved when typography scales up and meets these technological and language constraints.

ਟਾਈਪ//typeface Nimbus Sans, is based on Helvetica. It is a version that uses the URW++ font source. The family supports West European, East European, Turkish, Baltic, and Romanian languages. *URW Global is a project, which is trying to support all languages for a version of Helvetica called Nimbus Sans.


ਅਨੰਦ//contents type features script features typeface range open-type features size variations in use glossary

ਰਸਤਾ//process Encoding Letterform Interpolation Spacing


ਟਾਈਪ ਨਕਸ਼// type features

swag Clarity in letterforms, as in the Nimbus Sans Latin. However, the Gurmukhi is more condensed than the Nimbus Sans Latin, to accommodate the word length of Indic scripts.


ਟਾਈਪ ਨਕਸ਼// type features

ਸ ਵੈ ਗ Contemporary writing based forms. The sharp edges have been eradicated without affecting legibility, identity or readability of the font. Therefore, it is also a hundered percent match in form with other top line Indic scripts and better reproduction on screens. Versatile - can be used for any size and medium.


ਿਲਪੀ ਨਕਸ਼//script features

vowel bearer

closed counter headline

superscript

ਉਨਾਂ� ਪੂੱ ਉਨਾ�ਂ ਪੂੱ stems

base character height

vowel sign

consonant conjunct


ਿਲਪੀ ਨਕਸ਼//script features

ascender knot

join

vowel signs

ਿਜ਼ਔ ਹੈ ˘ ਿਜ਼ਔ ਹੈ ˘ knot

additional sound

open counter

punctuation


meet the family #$&!@*?


ਅਛਡਯ ੂ ੁ ੑ ੇ ੈ ੋ ੌ ਜਚਲਮ


ਸਵਰ//vowels

ਅਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔ ਅਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔ ਅਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔ ਅਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔ a aa i ee u oo e ae o au

ਕ ਕਾ ਿਕ ਕੀ ਕੁ ਕੂ ਕੇ ਕੈ ਕੋ ਕੌ ਕ ਕਾ ਿਕ ਕੀ ਕੁ ਕੂ ਕੇ ਕੈ ਕੋ ਕੌ ਕ ਕਾ ਿਕ ਕੀ ਕੁ ਕੂ ਕੇ ਕੈ ਕੋ ਕੌ ਕ ਕਾ ਿਕ ਕੀ ਕੁ ਕੂ ਕੇ ਕੈ ਕੋ ਕੌ

ka kaa ki kee ku koo ke kae ko kau ੧੦


ਿਗਣਤੀ//numbers

੨੮ -੦੪-੨੦੧੩

੬੧੫੨ ੫੧੬੦੩੧੦੨੪੭ ੮ ੦੧੪੯੫੧੬੦੩੧੦੨੬੦੩ ੧੦੨੪੭ ੮ ੦੧੪੯ ੫ ੧੬੦੩੧੦੨੪੭ ੮ ੦੧੪੯ ੫੧੬੦੩੧੦੨੪੭ ੮ ੦੧੪੯੬੦੩੧੦੨੪੭ ੮ ੦੧


ਿਵਅੰਜਨਾਂ //consonants

ਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔਕਖਗਘਙਚਛਜਝਞਟਠਡਢ ਣਤਥਦਧਨਪਫਬਭਮਯਰਲਵਸ਼ਸਹਖ਼ਗ਼ਜ਼ੜਫ਼ ਅੲੳ � � � � ੴ ਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔਕਖਗਘਙਚਛਜਝਞਟਠਡਢ ਣਤਥਦਧਨਪਫਬਭਮਯਰਲਵਸ਼ਸਹਖ਼ਗ਼ਜ਼ੜਫ਼ ਅੲੳ � � � � ੴ ਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔਕਖਗਘਙਚਛਜਝਞਟਠਡਢ ਣਤਥਦਧਨਪਫਬਭਮਯਰਲਵਸ਼ਸਹਖ਼ਗ਼ਜ਼ੜਫ਼ ਅੲੳ � � � � ੴ ਆਇਈਉਊਏਐਓਔਕਖਗਘਙਚਛਜਝਞਟਠਡਢ ਣਤਥਦਧਨਪਫਬਭਮਯਰਲਵਸ਼ਸਹਖ਼ਗ਼ਜ਼ੜਫ਼ ਅੲੳ � � � � ੴ

੧੨


*

ਠਿਹਰਾ//punctuation

!"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=> ?@^_`{|}~¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©«´» !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=> ?@^_`{|}~¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©«´» !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=> ?@^_`{|}~¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©«´» !"#$%&'()*+,-./:;<=> ?@^_`{|}~¡¢£¤¥¦§¨©«´»


open-type features//language based forms Nukta A combining character that alters the way a preceding consonant (or matra) is pronounced. Below-base form A variant form of a consonant that appears below the base glyph. Post-base form A variant form of a consonant that appears to the right of the base glyph. Post-base forms are usually spacing glyphs. Vattu A below-base form of Ra that can occur (and form ligatures) anywhere in the syllable and not just after the base glyph. Since it is an exception we treat it here as such.

੧੪

ਖ+ ਼ = ਖ਼ ਗ+ ੍ = � ਯ+ ੍ = � ਟ+ ੍ +ਗ ਟ+ਗ+ ੍ ਟ+ ੍ = ਟ� is reordered as


conjuncts and typographical forms

All previous features have dealt with language features only, dedicated to forming glyph shapes dictated by the languages. The remaining shaping features cover optional features. Ligatures of two or more consonants. Consonant conjuncts may have both full and half forms, or only full forms.

Above-base substitution

ਗੇ +ਂ = ਗੇਂ

Below-base substitution

ਟ+� ੁ= ਟੁ �

A variant form of a consonant that appears above the base glyph.

A variant form of a consonant that appears below the base glyph. In the glyph sequence, the below-base form comes after the consonant(s) that form the base glyph.

੧੫


halant forms

The form produced by adding the halant (virama) to the nominal shape. The Halant form is used in syllables that have no vowel or as the half form when no distinct shape for the half form exists. Halant

ਥ+ ੑ = ਥੑ

A variant form of a consonant that appears above the base glyph.

Above-base marks

ਚ+ ੰ = ਚੰ

This feature positions all above-base marks on the base glyph or the post-base matra

Below-base marks

ਠ+ ੁ = ਠੁ

੧੬

This feature positions all below-base marks on the base glyph.


ਣੈ ਝੋ


ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ, ਸਾਿਹਤ ਅਤੇ ਸਿਭਆਚਾਰ ਦਾ ਿਵਕਾਸ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਿਸਟੀ, ਪਿਟਆਲਾ ਦੀ ਸਥਾਪਨਾ ਦੇ ਉਦੇਸ਼ਾਂ ਿਵੱਚੋਂ ਪ�ਮੁੱਖ ਹੈ| ਇਸ ਉਦੇਸ਼ ਦੀ ਪੂਰਤੀ ਲਈ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਯੂਨੀਵਰਿਸਟੀ ਿਨਰੰਤਰ ਯਤਨਸ਼ੀਲ ਰਹੀ ਹੈ| ਯੂਨੀਵਰਿਸਟੀ ਦੁਆਰਾ ਪ�ਕਾਿਸ਼ਤ ਿਵਿਭੰਨ ਸ਼ਬਦ-ਕੋਸ਼ਾਂ ਿਜਵੇਂ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ-ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੋਸ਼, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ-ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਕੋਸ਼, ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ-ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੋਸ਼, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ-ਫ਼ਾਰਸੀ ਕੋਸ਼, ਸੰਸਿਕ�ਤ-ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੋਸ਼, ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੋਸ਼ (ਸਕੂਲ ਪੱਧਰ), ਲਿਹੰਦੀ ਕੋਸ਼, ਮਲਵਈ ਕੋਸ਼ ਆਿਦ ਨੇ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਅਤੇ ਿਗਆਨ-ਿਵਿਗਆਨ ਦੇ ਖੇਤਰ ਿਵੱਚ ਿਵਸੇਸ਼ ਯੋਗਦਾਨ ਪਾਇਆੈ| ਿਕਸੇ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਦੇ ਿਵਕਾਸ ਲਈ ਿਜਸ ਮੁਢਲੀ ਅਤੇ ਬੁਿਨਆਦੀ ਸਮੱਗਰੀ ਦੀ ਲੋੜ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ, ਉਸ ਿਵੱਚ ਕੋਸ਼ਾਂ ਦਾ ਅਿਹਮ ਸਥਾਨ ਹੈ| ਕੋਸ਼ ਿਕਸੇ ਭਾਸ਼ਾ ਦੇ ਅਿਧਐਨ, ਅਿਧਆਪਨ ਅਤੇ ਸਮੁੱਚੇ ਬਹੁਪੱਖੀ ਿਵਕਾਸ ਿਵੱਚ ਬਹੁਤ ਮਹੱਤਵਪੂਰਨ ਭੂਿਮਕਾ ਿਨਭਾਉਂਦੇ ਹਨ| ਅਜੋਕੇ ਯੁੱਗ ਿਵੱਚ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਸੰਸਾਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਪ�ਮੁੱਖ ਭਾਸ਼ਾਵਾਂ ਿਵੱਚ ਸੁਮਾਰ ਹੁੰਦੀ ਹੈ| ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ - ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੋਸ਼ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਸੋਿਧਆ ਸੰਸਕਰਨ ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਭਾਸ਼ਾਈ ਜਗਤ ਦੀਆਂ ਿਗਆਨ-ਿਵਿਗਆਨ ਦੇ ਖੇਤਰ ਦੀਆਂ ਪ�ਾਪਤੀਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਗਤੀਿਵਧੀਆਂ ਤੋਂ ਜਾਣੂੰ ਕਰਵਾਉਣ, ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ ਤੋਂ ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਿਵੱਚ ਮਾਿਧਅਮ ਪਰਿਵਰਤਨ ਅਤੇ ਅਨੁਵਾਦ ਕਾਰਜਾਂ ਲਈ ਿਵਸ਼ੇਸ਼ ਰੂਪ ਿਵੱਚ ਸਹਾਈ ਹੋਵੇਗਾ ਇਸ ਸੰਸਕਰਨ ਿਵੱਚ ਤਕਨਾਲੋਜੀ ਆਿਦ ਨਾਲ ਸੰਬੰਿਧਤ ਸਾਢੇ ਿਤੰਨ ਹਜ਼ਾਰ ਤੋਂ ਵੱਧ ਨਵੇਂ ਇੰਦਰਾਜ ਸ਼ਾਮਲ ਕੀਤੇ ਗਏ ਹਨ ਅਤੇ ਇਸ ਤੋਂ ਇਲਾਵਾ ਅਰਥ ਅਤੇ ਤਕਨੀਕੀ ਪੱਖ ਤੋਂ ਹੋਰ ਵੀ ਅਿਹਮ ਸੋਧਾਂ ਕੀਤੀਆਂ ਗਈਆਂ ਹਨ| ਿਵਉਤਪਤ ਰੂਪਾਂ ਨੂੰ ਮੁੱਖ ਇੰਦਰਾਜ ਵਜੋਂ ਦੇਣ ਨਾਲ ਵਰਤੋਂਕਾਰ ਲਈ ਕੋਸ਼ ਦੀ ਵਰਤੋਂ ਬਹੁਤ ਸੁਖਾਲੀ ਹੋ ਗਈ ਹੈ| ਅੰਗਰੇਜ਼ੀ-ਪੰਜਾਬੀ ਕੋਸ਼ ਦਾ ਇਹ ਸੰਸਕਰਨ ਪਾਠਕਾਂ ਸਨਮੁਖ ਪੇਸ਼ ਕਰਿਦਆਂ ਮੈਂ ਬੇਹੱਦ ਖੁਸ਼ੀ ਮਿਹਸੂਸ ਕਰ ਰਿਹਾ ਹਾਂ| ਆਸ ਹੈ ਕਿਵਿਦਵਾਨਾਂ, ਲੇਖਕਾਂ, ਅਿਧਆਪਕਾਂ, ਿਵਿਦਆਰਥੀਆਂ ਅਤੇ ਆਮ ਪਾਠਕਾਂ ਵੱਲੋਂ ਇਸ ਕੋਸ਼ ਦਾ ਪੁਰਜੋਸ਼ ਸੁਆਗਤ ਕੀਤਾ ਜਾਵੇਗਾ|


� ਫੇਫਫ ੁ


ਫਫ਼


ਸ਼ਬਦਾਵਲੀ//glossary

Above-base form of consonants - A variant form of a consonant that appears above the base glyph. Base glyph - The only consonant or consonant conjunct in the orthographic syllable that is written in its "full" (nominal) form. In Gurmukhi, the last consonant of the syllable usually forms the base glyph. In "degenerate" syllables that have no vowel (last letter of a word), the last consonant in halant form serves as the base consonant and is mapped as the base glyph. Layout operations are defined in terms of a base glyph, not a base character, since the base can often be a ligature. Below-base form of consonants - A variant form of a consonant that appears below the base glyph. In the glyph sequence, the below-base form comes after the consonant(s) that form the base glyph. Below-base forms are represented by a non-spacing mark glyph. Consonant - Each represents a single consonant sound. Consonants may exist in different contextual forms and have an inherent vowel (usually, the short vowel "a"). For example, "Ka" and "Ta", rather than just "K" or "T." Consonant conjuncts (aka "conjuncts") - Ligatures of two or more consonants. Consonant conjuncts may have both full and half forms, or only full forms. Gurmukhi syllable - Effective orthographic "unit" of Gurmukhi writing systems. Syllables are composed of consonant letters, independent vowels, and dependant vowels. In a text sequence, these characters are stored in phonetic order (although they may not be represented in phonetic order when displayed). Once a syllable is shaped, it is indivisible. The cursor cannot be positioned within the syllable. Transformations discussed in this document do not cross syllable boundaries.

੧੮


ਸ਼ਬਦਾਵਲੀ//glossary

Halant (Virama) - The character used after a consonant to "strip" it of it's inherent vowel. A Halant follows all but the last consonant in every Gurmukhi syllable. Halant form of consonants - The form produced by adding the halant (virama) to the nominal shape. The Halant form is used in syllables that have no vowel or as the half form when no distinct shape for the half form exists. Matra (Dependent Vowel) - Used to represent a vowel sound that is not inherent to the consonant. Dependent vowels are referred to as "matras" in Sanskrit. They are always depicted in combination with a single consonant, or with a consonant cluster. The greatest variation among different Indian scripts is found in the rules for attaching dependent vowels to base characters. Nukta - A combining character that alters the way a preceding consonant (or matra) is pronounced. Post-base form of consonants - A variant form of a consonant that appears to the right of the base glyph. A consonant that takes a post-base form is preceded by the consonant(s) forming the base glyph plus a halant (virama). Post-base forms are usually spacing glyphs. Split Matra - A matra that is decomposed into pieces for rendering. Usually the different pieces appear in different positions relative to the base. For instance, part of the matra may be placed at the beginning of the cluster and another part at the end of the cluster. Syllable - A single unit of Indic text processing. Shaping of Indic text is performed independently for each syllable. Process of identifying boundaries of each syllable is described below. Vattu - A below-base form of a consonant.

੧੯


My sincere gratitude to the following people and institutions. Pria Adireddi Ramesh Kalkur Ajai Narendran Smriti Mehra Binu Bhaskaran Kruti Saraiya Srishti School of Art, Design and Technology for the academic guidance. Jasdeep Singh Arvinder Singh Kang, for translations. Kolor Kode for printing assistance. Aman Randhawa Sibya Rosalyn and whoever gave me feedback and suggestions on this project. Our seniors for 'Dip Not Drown'. My parents, for their constant support and encouragement.

Other fonts used for the production of this type specimen are Helvetica Neue - 7pt., 8pt., 72pt. Gotham - 12 pt.


http://gurmproject.tumblr.com/

Gurmukhi Nimbus Sans, Type Specimen  

A component of my Graduation Project - Akhar

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