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`mj-I-fpsS acWw ]pXnb sh√p-hnfn ]n.-F. l-aoZv A-tkm-kn-tb‰v s{]m^-k¿ Hm^v Cw•o-jv, Fw.-C.-Fkv aºmSv tImtfPv

icn Hcp `mj I≠v BgvNt- Xmdpw \in®p-sIm-≠n-cn°pw F∂p kmcw. Ncn-{XØn¬ C∂p-hsc tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØmØ hn[-Øn-ep≈ \jvS-amhpw CXv. Pohnh¿§-ß-fpsS hwi-\m-i-sØ-°p-dn®pw X¬^-ea - m-bp≈ ]mcn-ÿn-XnI {]iv\ß-sf-°p-dn®pw s]mXpsh ImW-s∏Sp∂ Ah-t_m[w `mj-I-fpsS ac-WsØ-°p-dn®pw AXn-eqsSbp≈ h≥ \j-vS-sØ-°p-dn®pw C√ F∂-XmWv bmYm¿∞yw.

F¥p-sIm≠v `mj-Iƒ acn-°p∂p?

a\p-jyNcn{X-Øn-ep-S-\ofw `m j-Iƒ Bhn¿`-hn-°p-Ibpw Xntcm-[m \w sNøp-Ibpw D≠m-bn-´p-s≠-¶n-epw, 1990 Ifn¬ Cu hnj-b-Iambn \nc-h[n k¿tΔ-Ifpw ]T-\-ßfpw {]kn-≤oI-cn-°s - ∏´tXmSp-Iq-Sn-bmWv `mj-If - psS acWw BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ {i≤m-hn-jb-am-bX - v. Aº-c∏ - n-°p∂ IW-°p-If - mWv CXv kw_-‘-ambn \ap°v apºnep-≈-Xv. C∂p \ne-\n¬°p∂ 6000 ¬ Nn√zm\w `mj-I-fn¬ ]Ip-Xn-tbm-fhpw Ccp-]Ø - n- H∂mw \q‰m-≠n¬ Xs∂ `qapJ-Øp-\n∂v A{]-Xy-£-am-hpw˛˛˛icm-

`mj-If - psS ac-WØ - ns‚ {][m\-Im-cWw apJy-˛-`q-cn-]-£-˛`m-j-Iƒ (Dominant language) \yq\-]£ `mjIsf (Minority language) ]pd-¥-≈p∂p F∂Xp Xs∂- b m- W v . CXn¬ ]et∏mgpw Cw•ojv `mj {]Xn-ÿm-\Øv \n¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p. Hmkvt{S-en-b, hSt° Ata-cn° F∂o `qJ-fiß - f - nse Xt±iob `mj-I-fpsS \mi-Øns‚ {][m-\Im-cWw Cw•ojv `mj-bpsS ta[m-hnXzw Xs∂-bm-Wv. F∂m¬ Z£nW Ata-cn°, DØc B{^n-°, Gjy-bpsS Nne `mK-߃ F∂n-hn-S-ß-fnse `mj-Iƒ A{]- X y- £ - a m- I p- ∂ Xv kv ] m\n- j v , t]m¿®p-Kokv, Ad-_n-Iv, djy≥, ssN \okv `mj-I-fpsS kzm[o\w sIm≠msW∂p ]d-tb-≠n-hc - pw. CXn-\p-w]p-dsa sImtfm-Wn-b¬ B{^n-°b - n¬ ]e-t∏mgmbn \S∂ aX-˛-hw-iob sshchpw

kwL¿j-ßfpw ]e {]mtZ-inI `mjI-fp-sSbpw D≥aq-e-\-Øn\p Imc-W-ambn-´p-≠v. Hcp `mj kwkm-cn-°p∂ Ahkm-\sØ hy‡n, AX-s√-¶n¬ Ahkm-\-Øp-\n∂p c≠m-asØ hy‡n (Im-cW - w, `mj D]-tbm-Kn-°s - ∏-SW - s - a¶n¬ Hcmƒ t]mc- t √m) ac- W - a - S bp∂tXmsS B `mj acn-°p-∂p. th≠ coXn-bn¬ Fgp-X-s∏-Sp-Itbm at‰-sX¶nepw hn[-Øn¬ kq£n-°s - ∏-Sp-Itbm sNbvXn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ am{Xta CØcw `mj-Iƒ°v ]p\¿P-\n-bp-≈q. Ccp-]Ø - nH∂mw \q‰m- ≠ ns‚ XpS- ° - Ø n¬ t]mepw GXm≠v 2000 `mj-Iƒ, AXmbXv samØw `mj-I-fpsS aq∂n-sem∂v th≠-t]mse tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øs∏Sp-Itbm kq£n- ° s∏Sp- I tbm sNbv X n- ´ n- √ . Bfp-Iƒ acn-°p-tºmƒ Ah¿ Pohn®n-cp-∂-Xns‚ AS-bm-f-߃ ˛ `uXnI icocw AS°w sNø-s∏´ ÿew, hoSv, D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp∂ hkvXp-°ƒ XpS-ßnb-h- ˛- _m-°n-sh-°p-∂p. F∂m¬ tcJs∏-Sp-Øs∏SmØ `mj-I-fpsS \miw Ah Hcn-°epw ]nd-hn-sb-Sp-°m-ØX - n\p Xpey-am-Wv. `mj-I-fpsS ac-W-sØ-°p-dn®v Ign™ c≠p-aq∂p Zi-I-ß-fn-embn `mjm-im-kv{X-⁄¿ Kuc-h-amb ]T\hpw Kth-j-Whpw \S-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. Hcp `mj kwkm-cn-°p∂ GXm\pw t]¿ am{Xw tijn-°p-Ibpw Ah¿ Xß-

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fpsS `mj ASpØ Xe-ap-d°v ]I¿∂p \¬Im≥ Xm¬]-cytam {i≤tbm ImWn°mXncn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-tºmƒ B `mj \mi-Øns‚ h°n-em-Wv. kwkm-cn-°p∂-h¿ Bbn-c-Øn¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xw hcp∂ `mj-If - psS KXnbpw CXp Xs∂bm-sW∂v `mjm-im-k{v X-⁄¿ A`n-{]mb-s∏-Sp-∂p. bp.- F - k v . ka¿ C≥Ãn- ‰ yq´v Hm^v enwKzn-ÃnIvkv Hm¿K-ss\-tk-j≥ 1999 ¬ {]kn-≤o-Ic - n® k¿sΔ {]Imcw Hcmƒ hoXw am{Xw kwkm-cn-°p∂/D]tbm-Kn-°p∂ 51 `mj-Iƒ temI-Øn-ep≠v. CXn¬ 28 FÆw Hmkvt{S-en-bb - n¬ am{X-am-Wv. k¿sΔ {]Imcw 500 Hmfw `mj-Iƒ 100 ¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xhpw 1500 `mj- I ƒ 1000 ¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xhpw 3000 ¬ A[nIw `mj-Iƒ 10000 ¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xhpw kwkm-cn-°p∂ `mj-If - m-Wv. ]Xn-\m-bncw t]¿ kwkmcn-°p∂ `mj-Iƒt]mepw A]-IS- a - p-‡a- √ . ASpØ Bgv N tbm ASpØ h¿jtam CØcw `mj-I-ƒ \in-°-Wsa-∂n-√. F∂m¬ ASpØ GXm\pw Xe-ap-dI - ƒIqSn Ch- \n-e\ - n¬°p-sa∂ Imcy-Øn¬ bmsXmcphn[ Dd-∏p-an-√. Hcp `mjm-k-aqlw Ah-cpsS `mj-tbmSp≈ Ah-K-W\ XpS-cp∂]£w B `mj \in-°m≥ IqSp-X¬ ka-bs - am∂pw th≠.

]e-hn[ Imc-W-߃ {]IrXnZpc-¥w-sIm-≠p≈ I\ Ø Bƒ\m-iw, kmwkvIm-cnI kmfloI-cWw (cultural assimilation), hwiob D≥aq-e\w (genocide) XpSßn-b-hbpw `mj-If - psS ac-WØ - n-\n-Sb - m-°n-bn-´p-≠.v 1998 Pqsse 17 \v dnIvS¿ kvsIbn-en¬ 7.1 Un{Kn tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb `qan-Ip-ep°w ]m]p-\yq-Kn-\n-bn¬ (Papua New Guinea) \miw hnX-®t∏mƒ hyXykvX `mj-Iƒ

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kwkm-cn-°p∂ knkm-t\m, hdp-]p, Btdm-],v amtem¬ {Kma-{]tZ-߃ \in∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-Ibpw Btdm-]v, hdp]p {Kmaß-fnse 30 iX-am-\-tØmfw P\-߃ acn- ° p- I bpw sNbvXp. 1990 se sk≥kkv {]Imcw knkm-t\m-bnse P\-kwJy 4,766, amtem-en-teXv 3,300; 1981 se sk≥k kv {]Imcw Btdm]n-teXv 1700; 1983 se IW°p {]Imcw hdp-]n-teXv 1602 F∂n-ßs - \-bm-Wv. Zpc¥sØ AXn-Po-hn-®-h¿ ]p\-c-[n-hmk tI{μ-ß-fn-tet°m a‰n-S-ß-fn-tet°m amdn--t∏m-bXp IqSn IW-°n-se-Sp-Øm¬ Cu `mj-Iƒ Ct∏mƒ GXm≠v ar-Xa - mbn- ° mWpw F∂v A\p- a m- \ n- ° p- ∂ Xmhpw icn.

sImtfm- W n- b - e nkw `mj- I fpsS A¥-I≥ sImtfm-Wn-b¬ Ime-L´- ß - f - n¬ bqtdm-]y≥am¿ Xß-fpsS \m´n¬ \n∂v tImf-\n-I-fn-te°v sIm≠p-h∂ tcmK߃ Xt±-io-b-cn-ep-≠m-°nb \jvSw hfsc hep-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. bqtdm-]y≥am¿ Ata-cn-°≥ h≥I-cI - f - n-seØn Ccp-\qdp- h ¿j- Ø n- \ Iw ]e- h n[ tcmK߃sIm≠v Xt±-io-b-cmb 90% ¬ A[nIw t]¿ acn-®p. bqtdm-∏n¬ \n∂v a\p-jy-cn-eq-sSbpw arK-ßf - n-eq-sSbpw IS∂p-h∂ tcmKm-Wp-°-fm-bn-cp∂p apJyac-Wt- l-Xp. 1518 ¬ kvs]bn≥Im-cpsS BK-a\ ImeØv 25 aney¨ P\-kwJy-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂ a[y-sa-Ik v n-t°m-bpsS P\-kwJy 1620 HmsS 1.6 aney¨ Bbn Npcp-ßn. bqtdm-]ycp-am-bp≈ sImtfmWn- b ¬ kº¿°- Ø n- \ p- a pºv Ccp Ata- c n- ° ≥ h≥I- c - I - f pƒs∏- S p∂ ]pXp-tem-I-Ønse (New World) P\kwJy 100 aney-¨ Bbn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Ccp-\q-dp-h¿j-߃°Iw P\-kwJy Hcp-an-eyWn¬ Xmsg-bmbn Ipd-™p.

bqtdm∏n¬ 25 aney¨ t]¿ acn® ªm°vsUØv (Bubonic plague), Ccp temI bp≤-ßf - n-ep-ambn sIm√-s∏´ 30 apX¬ 40 aney¨hsc P\-߃ XpSßnb h≥ Bƒ\mi IW-°p-I-fpsS F{Xtbm Cc-´n-bmWv sImtfm-Wn-b¬ A\-¥c Ata-cn-°b - n¬ Xt±-io-bc - mb P\-߃ acn-®-Xv. C{]-Imcw ac-W-aS™ Ata-cn-°≥ hwi-P-cpsS (sdUv C≥Uy≥kv) `mj-Iƒ°v F¥p kw`hn®p ImWpw F∂v Duln-°m-hp-∂t- Xbp-≈q. Hcp P\-X-bpsS acWw AhcpsS `mj-bp-sSbpw kwkvIm-c-Øns‚bpw B `mj- b nse At\Iw hn⁄m-\ß - f - p-sSbpw IqSn acW-amWv. hn`h Nqj-WØ - n-\m-bp≈ sIm tfm-Wn-b¬ hwi-l-Xy, km{am-PyXz A[n-\n-th-iw, B`y-¥c bp≤-߃, aX, tKm{X-kw-L¿j-߃ F∂n-ßs\ F°m-ehpw XpS¿∂p-t]m-cp∂ sImSpw{Iq-cX - I - ƒ Bƒ\m-is - Ø-t∏mse `mjm\m-ihpw hcp-Øn-sh-®n-´p-≠v. ssk\nI kwL¿j-߃, Kdn-√m-bp-≤w, ab-°pa-cp-∂p-ambn _‘-s∏´ kwL-SnX Ip‰Ir-Xy-߃, {Kma-ß-fn¬ \n∂p \K-cß- f n- t e- ° p≈ IpSn- t b‰w XpSßn kmº- Ø n- I hpw cmjv { So- b - h p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´ ]e- I m- c - W - ß ƒsIm≠v sImfw-_n-bb - nse (Z-£nW Ata-cn-°) \nc-h[n `mj-Iƒ CXn-\Iw A{]-Xy£-am-bn-°g - n-™n-´p-≠v.

kmwkvIm-cnI kmflo-I-cWw (Cultural assimilation) Hcp `mjm-k-aqlw Pohn-®mepw `mj Pohn-®p-sIm-≈-W-sa-∂n-√. `mj ac-W-a-S-bm≥ bp≤hpw {]Ir-Xn-t£m`hpw ssk\nI kwL¿j-ßfpw Xs∂ thW-sa-∂n-√. Hcp P\X Xß-fpsS {]tZ-iØv kam-[m-\t- ØmsS Pohn-°ptºmƒ Xs∂ B {]tZ-isØ X\Xp

500 Hmfw `mj-Iƒ 100 ¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xhpw 1500 `mj-Iƒ 1000 ¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xhpw 3000 ¬ A[nIw `mj-Iƒ 10000 ¬ Xmsg t]¿ am{Xhpw kwkm-cn-°p∂ `mj-I-fm-Wv. ]Xn-\m-bncw t]¿ kwkm-cn-°p∂ `mj-Iƒt]mepw A]-I-S-ap-‡-a-√. ASpØ BgvNtbm ASpØ h¿jtam CØcw `mj-I-ƒ \in°-W-sa-∂n-√. F∂m¬ ASpØ GXm\pw Xe-ap-d-IƒIqSn Ch-\n-e-\n¬°p-sa∂ Imcy-Øn¬ bmsXmcphn[ Dd-∏p-an-√.

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ssPh-ssh-hn[yw t]mse-Xs∂ kmwkvIm-cn-I˛`mjm sshhn-[yhpw kwc-£n-°-s∏-SWw. sshhn[yw F∂Xv hnP-b{- ]-Za- mb am\-hn-IX - b - psS D]m-[n-If- m-sW-¶n¬ `mjm-ssh-hn[yw \n¿_‘-ambpw kwc-£n-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xm-Wv. ]mc-º-cy-`mj £bn-°p-Ibpw Ime-{ItaW A{]-Xy-£-am-hp-Ibpw sNømw. A{]-Xy-£a - m-Ip∂ `mj-bpsS ÿm\w apJy-`mj (dominant language) IøS°pw. kmwkvIm-cnI kmflo-I-cWw (cultural assimilation) F∂ t]cn-emWv Cu {]Xn-`mkw Adn-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Cu {]Xn-k‘n GXm≠v 500 h¿j-߃°papºv sImtfm- W n- b ¬ bpK- Ø ns‚ XpS°w apX¬t° D≈-Xm-Wv. hSt° Ata-cn-°-≥ cmPy-ß-fnepw Hmkvt{S-enb-bnepw Xt±-io-b-amb `mj-Iƒ°p ]I-c-ambn Cw•ojv D]-tbm-Kn°s∏-´pXp-S-ßn. Z£nW Ata-cn-°≥ cmPy-ßfn¬ kv]m\njpw t]m¿®p-Kokpw {]mtZinI `mj-Isf \o°n-sb-¶n¬ DØ-cG-jy≥ cmPy-ßf - n¬ djy≥ `mj-bmWv Xt±- i - ` m- j - I ƒ°p ]Icw \n∂- X v . DØc B{^n-°≥ cmPy-ßf - nse {]mtZinI `mj-Isf A{]-k-‡-am-°n-bXv apJy-`m-jb - mb Ad-_n-bm-bn-cp-∂p. \K- c - h - X v I - c - W w, KXm- K X hm¿Øm hn\n-ab cwK-ß-fnse IpXn®p-Nm-´w, h¿≤n-®p-h-cp∂ D]-t`mK kwkvIm-cw XpS-ßn-bh - bpw kmwkvImcnI kmflo-Ic - Ww Xzcn-Xs - ∏-Sp-Øp∂ Imc-Wß - f - m-Wv. apJy-`m-jI - ƒ B¿Pn°- s ∏- S p- ∂ - X n- e qsS kmwkv I m- c nI kmflo-I-c-W-Øns‚ B°w-Iq-Sp-∂p. hm¿Øm-am-[y-aß - f - n-eq-sS, {]tXy-In®pw sSen- h n- j - \ n- e qsS {]ap- J - ` m- j bpw AXns‚ Dt]m¬]-∂-amb kwkvImchpw Fßpw B[n-]Xyw ]pe¿Øp∂p. ]mc-º-cy-amb Adn-hp-Ifpw A\p`-h-ßfpw tNm¿∂p-t]m-Ip∂p F∂XmWv kmwkvIm-cnI kmflo-I-c-WØns‚ Zpc-¥-^-ew.

\ap°v F¥p-sN-øm-\mhpw? \mtim-∑p-Ja- mb `mj-Isf c£n°m\pw ]pXp- P o- h ≥ \¬Im\pw GXm\pw Imcy-߃ sNøm-\m-hpw. Hmkvt{S-en-b-bnepw hSt° Ata-cn-°bnepw C{]-Imcw hnP-b-{]-Z-ambn Xt±iob `mj-Isf c£n®-Xn\v DZm-lc - W - ß-fp-≠v. bp.-sI. (United Kingdom) bn¬ sh¬jv `mj C{]-Imcw Poh≥ \¬Is∏´Xm-W.v

G‰hpw AXym-hi - y-am-bn-´p-≈Xv Xß-fpsS `mj kwc-£n-°s - ∏-SW - s - a∂v `mjm-ka - q-lØ - n-\p-≠m-th≠ Xm¬]-cyam-W.v AXm-Xp-`m-jI - f - n¬ tImgvkp-Ifpw ]T- \ - k m- a - { Kn- I fpw A[ym- ] - I cpw thWw. CXn-s\m-s°-]p-d-sa, `mjsb th≠-hn[w tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øm\pw UnPn‰¬ coXn-bn¬ kwc-£n-°m\pw Ignbp∂ `mjm-im-k{v X-⁄cpw A\n-hm-cyam-W.v \yq\-]-£-˛-\m-tim-∑pJ `mjIsf th≠-hn-[Ø - n¬ tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øepw hni-Ie - \hnt[-ba - m-°epw hfsc {][m\-s∏´ tPmen-bm-Wv. CXv c≠p-\n-e°v {][m-\-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. H∂v, hnZym-`ym-k-]chpw AXn-epsS km£-cX h¿≤n-∏n°m-\p≈ D]m[nbpw F∂ \ne-°v. c≠m-asØ ImcWw `mj-If - psS ac-WØn- e qsS `qan- b nse _u≤nI kmwkvIm-cnI sshhn[yw Ipd-bp∂p F∂-Xm-Wv. ssPh-ssh-hn[yw t]mseXs∂ kmwkvIm-cn-I˛`mjm sshhn[yhpw kwc-£n-°s - ∏-SWw. sshhn[yw F∂Xv hnP-b{- ]-Za - mb am\-hn-IX - b - psS D]m-[n-I-fm-sW-¶n¬ `mjm-ssh-hn[yw \n¿_-‘a - mbpw kwc-£n-°s - ∏-tS-≠X - mWv. ImcWw am\-hn-I-X-bpsS lrZ-btØmSv tN¿∂mWv `mj-bpsS ÿm\w. kmwkvIm-cnI _lpXzw {][m-\-s∏-´Xm-sW-¶n¬ `mj°v C°m-cy-Øn¬ \n¿Æm- b I ]¶v hln- ° m- \ m- h pw. ImcWw kwkvImcw {][m-\-ambpw hn\n-abw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂X - v `mj-bn-eq-sSbm- W v . kaq- l - Ø ns‚ Ncn- { Xhpw kmwkvIm-cn-I-amb kzXz-t_m-[hpw ( identity consciousness ) Dƒt®- ¿ ∂XmWv `mj. ""Hmtcm `mjbpw Hcp t£{X-am-W,v AXn-\I - Øv IpSn-bn-cp-Øs∏-´n-cn-°p-∂Xv B `mj kwkm-cn-°p∂-h-cpsS Bflm-hmWv'' F∂v Ata-cn°≥ \nb- a - h n- i m- c - Z - \ mb Hen- h ¿ sh‚¬ tlmwkv ]d-™Xv F{X icn! \mw Pohn-°p∂ temIw Bib-ß-fpsS Hcp _lp-h¿Æ Nn{X-∏Wn (Mosaic) bmWv. \Ωp-tS-Xn¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX-amb Bi-b-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw \mw Nne-sX√mw ]Tn-°p-Ibpw kzmwio-

I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Bi-bß - f - psS t\¿Ø Hcn-g-sb-¶nepw \jvS-s∏-SpI F∂p-h-®m¬ a\p-jy-cm-in-°p-Xs∂ kw`-hn-°p∂ \jvSa - m-W.v ]mc-ºc - y-amb NnIn-’m-ap-dI - fpw a‰p {]mtbm-KnI ]cn⁄m-\hpw ]e- `m-jI - f - n-ep-ap≈ IrXnI-fn¬ D≈-Xmbn ImWmw. ""GsX-¶nepw `mj \jvSs - ∏-Sp-∂X - n¬ Rm≥ AXoh Zp:JnX-\m-Wv. ImcWw cmjv{S-ß-fpsS hwim-he - n-bmWv `mj'' F∂v tUm.-kmap-h¬ tPm¨k¨ ]d-bp-tºmƒ `mjI-fpsS {]m[m-\y-Øn-\mWv Du∂¬ sImSp-°p-∂X - v. Ccp-]-Øn- H∂mw \q‰m-≠nse Hcp {][m-\-sh-√p-hnfn \mtim-∑pJ `mj-Is - fbpw kwkvIm-cß - s - fbpw F{]Imcw c£-s∏-SpØmw F∂-Xp-Xs - ∂-bmWv. BZn-hm-kn-˛-tKm-{X-h¿K-߃°nSbn¬ \in-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ `mj-Iƒ \ΩpsS Np‰p-]m-Sn¬ Xs∂ ImWm≥ Ign-bpw. CØcw `mj-I-fpsS kwc£Ww £n{]-km-[y-a-√. AXn-\mbn `mjm-im-kv{X-⁄sc k÷-cm-°-Ww, `mjm-ka - q-lß - ƒ°p ]T-\k - m-a{- Kn-Iƒ e`y-am-°-Ww. CØcw `mj-Iƒ Icn°p-e-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-ØpIbpw A[ym]-Isc \ntbm-Kn-°p-Ibpw thWw. Cu `mj-I-fn¬ hymI-cW {KŸ-߃ cNn°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw \nL-≠p-°ƒ Xøm-dm-°s∏-Sp-Ibpw thWw. CXn-\mbn sNe-hgn- ° - s ∏- S p∂ A[zm- \ hpw ]Whpw GXp-\n-e°pw KpW-I-c-am-bn-cn-°pw. \mtim-∑pJ `mj-Isf c£n-°m-\mbn BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ Nne kwL-S-\-Iƒ {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p≠v. {_n´-\n¬ 1995 ¬ XpS- ß nb ^ut≠- j ≥ t^m¿ F≥tU≥tP¿Uv emwtKz-Pk - ,v bp.-Fk - .v F, P∏m≥, P¿a\n XpS-ßnb cmPy-ßfn¬ CtX Dt±-iy-tØmsS {]h¿Øn°p∂ \nc-h[n kwL-S-\-Iƒ DZm-l-cWw. \ap°v F¥p-sN-øm-\m-hp-sa∂v Btem-Nn-°p-I. `mjm-˛k - w-kI v mc kwc£-WØ - n¬ IÆn-tN-cp-I. Ah-ew_w: 1) David Crystal, The Language Revolution, Cambridge University Press, 2005. 2) R.L Trask, Key Concepts in Language, Route ledge, 2005

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]mtYbw apl-ΩZv i_o¿ ]n. H∂mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv

Imes‚ ImeSni_vZs - a≥ ImXn-seØn apg-ßnb t\cw, ac-W-Øn≥ aW-sa≥ Np‰nepw ae¿°mhv ]Wn-X-b-t∂cw Iq´-pImtcm-sSmcp hnS-sam-gn-°nS XcmsX Iq´n-∏n-Sn®p InS-Øn-b-h-s\s∂ arXy-phn≥ tXcn-te‰n \bn-°-bm˛ bar-Xn≥ K‘-ap≈ a¨sa-Ø-bn-te-°m-bv. Ccp-fn≥ temI-am-W-Xßn-√-t]m˛ enc-h-√msX ]I¬shfn-®-sam-´p-ta. hnZyp¬ shfn-®-sa-Øn-√-bßp hnZy-X≥ shfn-®ta I≠n-Sq. sh´n-∏n-Sn-®-Xn√S°n-sh-®-Xn√ I´Xpw Ih¿∂-Xp-sam-∂p-an-√. sh´-ambv Xocp-∂-sXm∂p am{Xw \´ \∑-X≥ \nXy-{]-Xn-^ew ]m]-Øn≥ Id-t]m-°msX sN√p-In¬ ]mXm-f-Øn-te-°ßp hgn-Xp-d-∂nSpw ]fin-X\pw ]ma-c-\p-sam-∂p-t]m¬ IpWvTn-X-cm-bn-Sp-anXp I≠n-√-sb-¶n¬. Ic-™p-tI-dn-bn-tØ-cn-en-∂n-h≥ \c-I-`o-Xn-bm¬ hnlz-e-\mbv ]pWy-sa-¥p-s≠-\n°p ]mtY-b-ambv FÆn t\m°o´p ^ew iq\yw. kulr-Z-Øn≥ \dp-]p-©n-cnbpw kuay-`m-hhpw coXn-bp-sa-∂ntb H∂p-an-s√-\n°p XpW-bmbv h∂p-tN-cm-s\≥ \nXy-h-k-Xn-bn-te-°m-bv.

6

14


Hcp Imºkv ]mc-kv]-cnIw Imº-kp-Iƒ Adn-hn-s‚-sb-∂X - n-s\m∏w KpW-]c - hpw {Inbm-flI - h - p-amb a‰p- ]-eX - n-s‚bpw hnf-\n-ea - m-sW-∂Xv Hcp `qX-Ime kXy-am-bn-cn-°p-∂X - p-t]mse h¿Ø-am-\I - me A\p`-hhpw Bbn-cn-t°-≠-Xt√ F∂ Nn¥ F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. bnse _ncpZ hnZym¿∞n-Ifmb Rßsf Akz-ÿ-cm-°n-bt∏mƒ kwÿm-\-Ønse CXc Imº-kp-I-fnse hnZym¿∞nI-fp-ambn CsXm∂p ]¶p-sh-bv°-W-sa-∂p-tXm-∂n. "]n]mk' bpsS GXm\pw ]pd-߃ AXn-\p≈ Hcp thZn-bm-°m-sa∂pw. Cu Bibw bmYm¿∞yam-t°-≠-Xn\v kl-I-c-W-a-`y¿∞n®p-sIm≠v hnh[ Imº-kp-If - n-te-°b - ® IØn\v In´nb {]XnI-cWw t{]m’m-lP - \ - I - am-bn-cp-∂p. ico-c-Øn\pw hkv{X-Øn\pw AXp-t]m-ep≈ _mly-

N-a¬°m-c-߃°pw AanX {]m[m\yw I¬∏n-°-s∏-Sp-Ibpw Nn¥-bp-sSbpw k¿§m-flI - X - b - p-sSbpw kmaq-lnI {]Xn-_≤ - X-bp-sSbpw taJ-eI - ƒ Xf¿∂p InS-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ B[p\nI Imº-kp-I-fpsS Zb-\ob ÿnXn am‰n-sb-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v Im¿an-IXzw hln-°m-\p≈ k∂-≤X Dd-ßn-°n-S-°p-∂p≠v ]e-cn-ep-sa-∂p-X-s∂-bmWv {]Xn-I-c-W-ß-fn¬ \n∂p a\- nem-°m-\m-Ip-∂-Xv. ]s£, Hcp kam-cw-`I tijn-bpsS IΩnbm-Wv F√m-h-cn-ep-ap-≈-Xv. sshImsX AXpw Xpd-∂p-In-´psa∂ {]Xym-it- bmsS Cu N¿® ChnsS Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p-Ib - mWv. CXn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p∂ F√m-h-tcm-Sp-ap≈ IrX-⁄X ChnsS tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≈p-∂p. A¿j-Zv. -sI.

15


kn.-sI.-kemw Aa¬ tImtfPv Hm^v AUzm≥kvUv ÃUokv, \ne-ºq¿ ˛ ssaemSn Xs‚ NmSnb Po≥kn-\p-≈n¬ aS-°nb t\m´p-_p°pw Xncp-In, Iønse samss_¬ kZm sNhn-tbmSv tN¿Øv ]nSn®v, {]Wbw hnt\m-tZm-]m-[ntbm t`mKm-k-‡ntbm B°n, t\cw sshIn ¢mkn-te°v kmh-Imiw \St∂m tamt´m¿ ss_°n¬ IpXnt®m FØp∂ Hcp hnZym¿∞n-bpsS Nn{XamWv C∂v Imºkp-Iƒ \¬Ip-∂X - .v aXw, kwkvIm-cw, hnZym`ymkw XpSßn F√mw I®-h-S-h-XvI-cn-°-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp temIØv, am\p-jnI aqey-ß-sf√mw A\yw \n¬°p-tºmƒ, \ne-hn-ep≈ kaq-l-Øn-\-\p-kr-X-ambn \ne-sIm-≈p∂ hnZym¿∞nsb Xs∂-bt√ Imºkn¬ {]Xo-£n-®pIqSq. tXm‰p-t]mb Hcp Iq´-Øns‚ \nizm-k-ta‰v Imºkp-Iƒ acp`q-an-I-fm-hp-I-bmWv. Akz-ÿ-X-bpsS Hcp \ne-hn-fn-t]mepw tIƒ°p-∂n-√. `uXn-IX - b - psS hnØp-If - m-WhnsS ]S¿∂p-]¥-en-®n-cn-°p-∂X - .v Nn¥-bpsS then-tb-‰a - m-th≠ buh\-߃ XSn-®p-cp≠ XpS-I-fmbpw ho¿Ø akn-ep-I-fmbpw hnj-a-bamb Np≠p-If - n¬ \n∂p≈ samss_¬ Xcw-Khpw sFkv{Iow \pc-bp-ambpw ]X-™p-Xo-cp-∂p. D]-cn-πh - a - mb Fs¥m-s°tbm BWn∂v Imº-kns\ `cn-°p-∂-Xv. lmbv Fs∂mcp ssIhoi-en¬ kulr-Z-߃ XpS-ßp-Ibpw Ah-km-\n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. ]pØ≥ Bi-bß - ƒ°p Xncn-sIm-fp-tØ≠ akvXnjvI-ß-ƒ sNfn-bm¬ \nd-™n-cn-°p-∂p. {]W-b-Øns‚

\io-Z ]n. kn.-Fk - v.S- n. tImtfPv Hm^v F©n-\nbd-nwKv, sI‰n ˛ Du´n

8

F¬.-sI.-Pn. apX¬°p≈ ]Xn-\mep h¿jsØ ITn\X-S-hn\p tij-ap≈ Hcp tamN-\-am-bmWv tImtfPv Imº-knte-°p≈ {]th-i-\sØ an° hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw ImWp-∂-Xv. AXn-\m¬ Xs∂ ]c-am-h[n kzmX{¥yw A\p-`-hn-°m-\p≈ Hcp {]h-WX - b - m-bn-cn°pw Ah¿ tImtfPv Pohn-XØ - n¬ {]I-

16

t^mkn-ep-Iƒ Ce-s]m-gn™ ico-cØ - n\p Xmsg Hm¿a-bpsS shbnep Imbp-∂p. \msf GXp Npcn-Zm-dn-S-W-sa∂ Xm°oXnepw tdma-`m-a-am-cpsS Xq°-Ønepw k®n≥ sS≥Uq¬°dpsS sk©z-dn-bn-tem, {InkvXym-t\m-am-cpsS IÆ-©n-∏n-°p∂ tKmfp-I-fntem Bbn-cn°pw Imºkv Np≠p Xpd-°p-∂-Xv. Aim-kv{Xo-b hnZym-`ymk ]cn-jvI-c-W-ßtfm ^okp-h¿≤\tbm \nb-a-]m-e-I-cpsS A\mÿ aqew A\m-Y-am-Ip∂ IpSpw-_tam cmPysØ `oI-cm-{I-aW - ß - tfm DSp-XpWn \jvSs∏´ BZn-hm-kn-bp-sS \·-Xtbm Bscbpw thZ-\n-∏n-°p-∂n√. a°sf b{¥-ßf - m-°p-∂, Imim°n am‰-Wa - ∂ Nn¥mK-Xn-°m-cmb c£n-Xm-°fpw CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ t_m[w h®p]p-e¿Øp∂ \h-hn-Zym-`ymk kwkvIm-chpw Xß-fpsS Ipcp´p-_p-≤n-sIm≠v PohnXw ]mgm-°p∂ A°m-Z-anI kaq-l-hpam-Wn-Xn-s\√mw tlXp-`q-X¿. ]T-\-hpw ka-c-hpw tkh-\hpw aqe-[-\-am-°nb, ]pØ≥ Bi- b - ß ƒ°p P∑w \¬Ip∂, Nn¥n- ° p∂, B¿Phw ImWn-°p∂ Imºkv kaq-l-amWv ]nd-t°-≠-Xv. AXns‚ ]nd-hn°p _oPm-hm]w \¬Im≥ Hcp Iq´-sa-¶nepw kPo-h-ambn cwK-Øn-d-tß-≠-Xv Ime-L-´-Øns‚ Bh-iy-ambn-cn-°p∂p. * * *

Sn-∏n-°p-I. s]¨Ip-´n-I-fpsS icoc `mK-߃ Iyma-d-°-ÆpsIm≠v H∏n-sb-SpØv AXv Iq´p-Im¿°v ªqSqØv hgn sk≥Uv sNbvXv Imºkv sse^v Bkzm-Zy-am°nØo¿°p-∂h - ¿ hsc AXn-\m¬ Iq´-Øn-ep-≠v. AXn-te-°-hsc BI¿jn-°p∂ Xc-Øn-ep≈ thj-hn-[m-\ß - fpw \S-∏n-cn-∏p-If - p-amWv s]¨Ip´n-I-fpsS `mK-Øp-\n-∂p-≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. kvIn∂n, Po≥kv, lm^vkvtI¿´v F∂n-h-bmWv B¨Ip-´n-I-sf-t∏mse Xs∂ s]¨Ip-´n-If - p-sSbpw thjw. PohnX hnP-b-Øn-\m-h-iy-amb ]co-£-I-fpsS hnP-bØn-\m-bn-cn-°Ww Imº-kp-Iƒ D]-tbm-Ks - ∏-Sp-tØ-≠s - X∂ t_m[-Øn-te-°mWv Imºkp-Isf DW¿tØ-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv. Hmtcm hnZym¿∞n-bp-sSbpw Pohn-X-Ønse \n¿Æm-bI L´sa∂p-Xs∂ hnti-jn-∏n-°Ww Imºkv sse^n-s\. _p≤n-hn-Im-k-Øn\pw ssh⁄m-\n-I-hpw Iem-]-c-hp-amb A`n-hr-≤n°pw Ch-bp-sS-sb√mw {]I-S-\-Øn-\p-amWv Imºkp-Iƒ thZn-bm-bn-Øo-tc-≠-Xv. CXn-\p≈ kzmX-{¥y-amWv Imº-kp-If - n¬ btYjvSw \¬I-s∏-tS-≠X - pw. * * *


d-joZ hn.-sI ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. Icp-hm-cI - p≠v

hkv{X-[m-cW coXn Imº-kp-If - n¬ F∂pw Hcp {]iv\am-bn-cp-∂n-´p-s≠-∂mWv tXm∂p-∂-Xv. 1960 Ifn¬ ]Sn-™m-dp\n-∂n-d° - p-aXn sNø-s∏´ Hcp {]ÿm-\a - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p˛ln∏n aqhvsa‚ v. Imº-kp-I-fn-em-Ws{X CXn\v G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ kzm[o-\-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xv. ap≥Ime hkv{X-[m-cW coXn-Iƒ hen-s®-dn™v XmSnbpw apSnbpw \Jhpw \o´n-h-f¿Øn Hcp {]tXyI thj-hn-[m\w kzoI-cn-®-h-cm-bn-cp∂p ln∏n-s®-dp°≥am¿. e£yw Bcp-sS-sbm-s°tbm {i≤-bm-I¿jn-°p-Ibpw F¥n-s‚-sbm-s°tbm ]Xn-∏m-hp-Ibpw Xs∂. {]kvXpX {]ÿm-\t- ØmSv A\p-`m-ha - p-≠m-bn-cp∂ s]¨Ip-´n-Ifpw AXn\-\p-k-cn-®p≈ Nne Im´n-°q-´-ep-Iƒ \SØn. C∂pw hkv{X-[m-cWw Xs∂ {][m\ Nn¥m-hn-jbw F∂p-tXm∂pw Nne-cpsS sNbvXn-Iƒ I≠m¬. CjvS-ap≈ hkv{Xw [cn-°m\pw ]‰nb thjw kzoI-cn-°m-\p-ap≈ ]ucs‚ kzmX{¥yw Gsd B`m-k-I-c-ambn Zpcp-]tbmKw sNø-s∏-Sp-∂Xv Imº-kp-If - n-emWv. HcmfpsS tNmbvkn-s‚bpw

s‰bvÃn-s‚bpw anIhv sXfn-bn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv hkv{X-߃ skeIvSv sNøp-∂-Xn-eq-sS-bm-sW∂v tXm∂n-t∏mIpw Hmtcmcp-Ø-cpsS Cd-°p-a-Xn-Iƒ I≠m¬. bqWnt^mw \n¿_-‘ap≈ ÿm]-\-ß-fnse bqWnt^mw Cf-hp≈ Znh-ksØ {]Z¿i-\-߃ h¿Æ-ssh-hn-[y-ß-fpsS Hcp- tjm \S-°p∂ {]XoXn P\n∏n°pw hn[-Øn-em-Wv. hkv{X-[m-cWw kwkvIm-cØ - ns‚ kwc-£W - m¿∞-amsW∂ Imcyw \mw ad-°p-I-bm-Wv. hkv{Xm-`mkw Fßs\ kwkvIm-ca - m-Ipw? AXv kwkvIm-cØ - ns‚ ewL-\a - t√ BIq? ]ns∂ kwkvImcw hnZym-`ym-kØns‚ ^e-am-sW-∂p-hc - p-∂sX-ß-s\? A\p-I-cWw \sΩ \ma-√m-Xm-°n-Øo¿°p-∂psh∂ bmYm¿∞y-sa-¶nepw \mw {Kln-t°-≠X - t√? Most people are other people (an°-hcpw A]-c-cm-Wv) F∂v Btcm ]d™p-sh-®-tXm¿°p-∂p. \mw \mam-hp-I-sb∂ Hscm‰ hnNm-cap-≠m-bm¬ aXn, A\p-Ic - Ww hgn-bp≈ hkv{Xm-`m-kØ - n\p ]ns∂ \sΩ In´n-s√∂p Xo¿®.

apl-ΩZv dm^nZv hn.-Fw. Fw.-C.-F. F©n-\nb-dnwKv tImtfPv, thßq¿

Imº-kp-I-fpsS C∂sØ Ah-ÿ-sb-°p-dn-®p≈ Bi-¶-Iƒ A\-h-[n-bm-Wv. Ah-bn¬ {][m-\-amWv ico-cØn\pw hkv{X-Øn\pw AanX {]m[m\yw \¬Ip-∂p-sh-∂p≈-Xv. BtKm-fo-I-cWw Imº-kn\v kΩm-\n-®Xv A\p-I-c-Wß-fpsS Hcp temIsØ IqSn-bm-Wv. ]m›mXy A\p-I-c-W߃ ]e-t∏mgpw \ΩpsS k`y-X°v \nc-°m-ØXpw kwkvImcsØ sh√p-hn-fn-°p∂-Xp-am-Ip∂p. Cu bmYm¿∞yw D≠mbn-cns° Xs∂ Imº-kns‚ as‰m-cp-apJw IqSn \mw ImtW≠-Xp-≠v. k`y-X°v \nc-°p∂ km[m-cW hkv{X-[m-cn-Ifpw lnPm-_v, \nJm_v (in-tcm-h-kv{Xw) t]mep≈ khn-tij hkv{X-[m-cWw kzoI-cn-®-hcpw Imº-kp-I-fn¬ D≠v. Imºkns‚ Cusbm-c-hÿ IqSn ]cn-K-Wn-®p-thWw hna¿i-\ßfpw hni-I-e-\-ßfpw \S-Øm≥. hkv{X-[m-cW - hpw e÷bpw ]c-kv]c _‘n-Xa - m-Wv. F∂m¬ C∂v e÷, k`yX F∂n-h-I-fpsS kIe ]cn-[nIfpw ewLn-°p∂ hkv{X-[m-cW coXn-Isf hna¿in-°mt\m \ncq-]Ww sNømt\m Xøm-dm-Im-Ø "atX-Xc' hmZn-Iƒ intcmh-kv{X-[m-cn-Wn-If - mb hnZym¿∞n-\n-If - psS kzmX-{¥y-Øn-\p-

th≠n kaq-l-Øn¬ apd-hn-fn-Iq-´p-∂Xv Im]-Sy-am-Wv. tIc-fØn¬ Nne {]tXyI aX kmap-Zm-bnI kwL-S\ - I - f - psS \nb{¥-W-Øn-ep≈ Imº-kp-I-fn-sem-gn®v a‰p P\-d¬ Imº-kpI-fn-sem∂pw hkv{X-[m-c-W-Øn\v {]tXyI D]m[n-I-sfm-∂pan-√. hkv{X-[m-cW - sØ Hcp hnj-ba - m-°n-sb-Sp°p∂ ÿm]\-ßf - m-hs´ intcm-hkv{Xw t]mep≈ auen-Im-hI - m-iß - f - psS ta¬ ssIsh-°p∂p. CtXmsS Acm-P-I-hm-Zn-I-fpsS kt`yXc hkv{X-[m-cW coXn-Iƒ \nb-{¥n-°m≥ ]‰m-sX-bm-Ip-∂p. t_mfn-hp-Uns‚ AXn-{]-kc - Ø - m¬ icocw ]pjvSn-s∏-Sp-Øm≥ shº¬sIm-≈p∂ hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw C∂sØ Imº-kp-If - nse ImgvN-bm-Wv. C°q-´-cpsS Hgp-°mWv \m´n¬ s]´∂v Pnwt\jy-߃ s]cp-Ip-∂-Xn\v ]n∂n¬. Nne Atem-∏Xn acp-∂pIfpw s]mSn-Ifpw XpSßn Npfp-hn¬ akn-sem-∏n-°m-\p≈ ]e AS-hp-Ifpw Ch¿ ]b-‰p-∂p-≠v. Ch-bpsS XpS¿®-bmb D]-tbmKw Fs¥√mw BtcmKy {]iv\-߃ hcp-Øn-sh-°psa∂v I≠v (sIm-≠v) Adn-™n-´p-th-Ww. Imº- k ns\ Ipdn® apgp- h ≥ N¿®- I fpw icocw hkv{Xw F∂o Zzμzß-fn¬ Xf-®n-Sm≥ Hcp B[p-\nI

17


hnZym¿∞n-°m-hn√. \m\m PmXn-˛a - X hn`m-Kß - ƒ Pohn-°p∂ \ΩpsS cmPysØ Hcp _lp-kzc cmjv{Sw F∂p hnfn-°msa-¶n¬ hnhn[ Nn¥m-K-Xn-Iƒ h®p-]p-e¿Øp∂ hnZym¿∞nI-fpsS Hcp _lp-kzc temI-amWv Hmtcm Imº-kpw. as‰mcp-hn-[-Øn¬ ]d-™m¬ C\nbpw _lp-kz-c-am-ImØ Imºkp-Iƒ Aß-s\-bm-th-≠X - p-≠v. F¶n¬ am{Xsa hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v Xß-fpsS kzXz-߃ Db¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°m≥ Ign-bq. B[p\nI hnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS `mh-\, kz]-\w, {]Xo-£, s\mºcw, Bfl kwL¿jw Ch-I-tfmSv _lp-kzc Imº-kp-Iƒ A`n-hmZyw sNøp-∂-Xp-t]mse GI-inem Imº-kp-Iƒ°v A`n-hmZyw sNøm≥ Ign-bW - s - a-∂n-√. B[p-\nI hnZym¿∞nbpsS Cu Nn¥-If - n¬ Bflo-bX - b - p-≠,v cmjv{So-ba - p-≠,v AcmP-I-XzhmZ-ap-≠v, hnπ-h-ap-≠v. Cu Nn¥-Iƒ ¢mkv apdn-IfpsS Npa-cp-Isf t`Zn-°p-∂p. Aßs\ Ah Imº-kp-If - nse ac-Ø-W-ep-I-fneqsS, CS-\m-gn-I-fn-eqsS, tKmh-Wn-I-fn-eqsS Ib-dn-bn-dßn Im‚o\n¬ hsc FØp-∂p. Btcm ]d-™p-h®-Xp-t]mse, “College is not a canteen with some class rooms attached, but canteen is also a class room with some politics attached”

]c-kv]cw an≠n-∏d - b - m-\p≈ Hcp s]mXp-hg - n-bmWv CXn-eqsS krjvSn-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - v. C∂sØ Imº-kp-I-sf-°p-dn®v ]d-bp-tºmƒ ivaim\-ß-tfm-SmWv s]mXp-k-aq-lhpw am[y-a-ß-fp-sams° D]-an°m≥ {ian-°m-d.v {]Xn-Ic - W - hpw hnπ-hhpw Ihn-Xb - pw, k¿Kmfl-I-Xbpw, ip≤ {]W-b-hp-sa√mw Ipgn-®p-aq-Snb ivaim-\߃. F∂m¬ B[p-\nI Imº-kp-I-fpsS kao-]-Ime BIv‰ohn-kß - f - n¬ NneXv am{Xw Ncn-{X-]c - a - mbn hni-Ie - \w sNøm≥ {ian-®m¬ t]mepw Imº-kn-s\-°p-dn®v \ap-°m-thiw \¬Ip∂ Nn{X-߃ e`n-°pw. U¬ln PmanA \K-dnse _Sve lukn¬ Xß-fpsS kl-]m-Tn-Iƒ Zpcql kml-N-cy-

Øn¬ "G‰p-ap-´-en¬' sIm√-s∏-´-t∏mƒ G‰-pap-´¬sIme-sb°p-dn-®p≈ A[n-Ir-X-cpsS Ah-Im-i-hmZßsf tNmZyw sNøm≥ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ cwKØp h∂Xv {it≤-b-am-Wv. Xeÿm\ \K-cnsb ]nSn-®p-Ip-ep-°nb {]t£m-`-߃ \nb-{¥n®Xv PmanA an√nb Imº-km-W.v tIc-fØ - n¬ ae-_m¿ taJe A\p-`-hn-°p∂ hnth-N\ `oI-cX Xncn-®-dn-™Xv s]mXp-kaqlw Bi-¶t- bmsS t\m°p∂ "DZm-ko-\c - pw, \njv{Inbcp'amb ]pXnb Xe-ap-d-bnse hnZym¿∞n-I-fm-Wv. HSp-hn¬ ae-_m¿ {]t£m`w tIc-fØ - n¬ kPo-ha - mbn Db¿Øn-s°m-≠p-hc - m≥ ae-_m-dnse Imº-kp-Iƒ°m-bn. sFIy "B{‘-{]-tZiv' F∂ X´n-∏n\p ]n∂n¬ Xß-fpsS Ah-Im-iß - sf \ntj-[n-°e - mWv F∂v sXep-¶m\ {]tZ-isØ P\w Xncn-®d - n-™Xpw B {]Xntj[w Hcp sImSp-¶m-‰mbn Db¿∂p-h-∂Xpw sXep-¶m\ hnZym¿∞n kaq-lØ - ns‚ i‡-amb CS-s]-Se - p-Isf XpS¿∂mWv. Dkvam-\nb k¿Δ-I-em-im-e-bmWv sXep-¶m\ {]t£m-`ß-fpsS tI{μ-ambn h¿Øn-°p-∂-Xv. Aßs\ \mw C∂-\p-`hn-°p∂ kzmX-{¥y-ßs - fm∂pw Bcpw HuZm-cy-ambn X∂-X√ F∂pw A[n-Imc tI{μ-ßt- fmSv t]mcmSn hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw bphP-\ß - fpw t\Sn-Ø∂ - X - m-sW∂pw B[p-\nI hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw Imº-kp-Ifpw Xncn-®-dn-bp-∂p. F√m Ime-sØbpw t]mse kaq-lsØ kkq£vaw \nco-£n-°p∂ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ C∂pap-≠.v _lp-kzc Imº-kp-If - n¬ icocØn\pw hkv{X-Øn\pw {]m[m\yw I¬∏n-°p-∂h - ¿IqSn cwK-{]-thiw sNbvXt- XmsS Nne kzc-߃ h¿[n-®p-sh-∂p-am-{Xw. Imº-kns‚ k¿Km-flI - X Fhn-sSbpw t]mbn ad-™n´n-√. \ΩpsS hnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS hnZym¿∞n-Xz-Øn\v AIm-ea-cWw kw`-hn-®n-´n-√. \ΩpsS Imº-kp-I-fn¬ C\nbpw IhnX-Iƒ ]nd-°pw. Nn¥-I-fpsS kvt^mS-\-ß-fp-≠m-Ipw. NqtSdnb kwhm-Z-߃ \S-°pw. CXv sXfn-hv... Imºkv Pohn-°p∂p F∂-Xn-s‚. * * *

apl-ΩZv Xu^oJv lk≥ ]n. sI.-Fw.-kn.-Sn. t]mfn-sS-Iv\nIv, ap°w

BtKm-fh - X - vIc - W - Ø - ns‚ {]Xn-^e - \ßfmWv Imºkp-I-fn-te°v ]S¿∂n-cn-°p∂ ]pXnb hkv{X-[m-cW coXnIfpw ico-cm-e-¶mc am¿§-ß-fp-sa-√mw. \mSpw ]mc-º-cyhpw X\Xv kwkvIm-c-hp-sa√mw hnkva-cn®v ]c-ky-ß-fn-eqsS \ΩpsS apºn-te-s°-Øp∂ ]m›m-Xy≥ coXn-Iƒ kzmb-Øam-°m≥ bmsXmcp aSnbpw hnk-Ω-Xhpw IqSmsX \mtam-cp-Øcpw k∂-≤-cm-bn-cn-°-bm-Wv. ]m›m-Xy¿ Ah-cpsS Imem-

10

18

h-ÿ°pw Np‰p-]m-Sn\pw kwkvIm-c-Øn\pw CW-ßp∂ hn[Øn¬ hkv{X-[m-cWw sNbvXp-sIm-≈s - ´, ]s£ \msa-¥n\v Ah A\p-I-cn-°-W-sa∂ Hcp Nn¥ \Ωn¬ ÿew ]nSn-°mØ-sX¥v F∂-Xm-W-¤p-Xw. C{Xbv°v hiy-Xtbm ]m›mXy¿°pw Ah-cpsS kwkvIm-cØ - n\pw? hmkvXhw ]d-™m¬ CjvS-Xm-c-ß-tfmSp≈ \ΩpsS A\p-cm-Km-fl-I-amb {`a-amWv \sΩ Cßs\ A[:]Xn-∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. AXn-\m¬ hnt\mZ-tØ-°mƒ Kuc-h-]q¿Æ-amb PohnX bmYm¿∞y-߃°v Pohn-XØ - n¬ kzm[o\w t\Sm-\m-hm-Øn-St- Ømfw Imew CXnß-s\-Øs∂ XpS-cpw. hkv{Xw ico-cØ - n\v kpc-£bpw H∏w Ae-¶m-c-hp-am-sW-∂Xv icn. ]s£, \·X ad-°m≥ IqSn-bp≈-XmWv hkv{X-sa∂v \mw a\- n-em-°p-I. hninjym s]¨Ip´n-Iƒ. * * *


AJn¬ ]n. ÃpU‚ v FUn-‰¿ F≥.-Fkv.-F-kv. tImtfPv, at©cn

{]Xn-_-≤X-bp≈ Hcp hnZym¿∞nsb kw_-‘n-®n-StØmfw C∂sØ Imº-kns‚ Ahÿ H´pw-Xs∂ Bim-hl-a√ - . Imº-kp-Iƒ Acm-j{v So-bh - X - I v c - n-°s - ∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂p. AXp-sIm-≠p-Xs∂ Iem-]-chpw kmwkvIm-cn-I-hp-amb {]h¿Ø-\-ß-fpsS hocyhpw Du¿÷-kz-e-Xbpw Ipd-™p-hcn-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. BtKm-f-h-XvI-c-W-Øn-eqsS {]N-cn-X-ambn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ apX-em-fnØ kwkvIm-c-Øns‚ hml-Icm-Im≥ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ a’-cn-°p-∂X - p-t]mse. Hcp ImeØv Ie-bp-sSbpw kmln-Xy-Øn-s‚bpw hnf-\n-e-am-bn-cp∂ Ieme-b-ß-fn¬ C∂p-\-S-°p-∂Xv Nne Im´n-°q-´-ep-Iƒ am{Xw. knIvkv ]m°v akn-ep-Iƒ°pw Xmc-cm-Pm-°≥am¿°p-amWv {]m[m\yw I¬∏n-°s - ∏-Sp-∂X - .v kmwkvIm-cn-Ia - mb N¿®-Itfm Imen-I-amb kwhm-Z-ßtfm \S-°msX t]mIp-∂p. ska-ÿ

k{º-Zmbw ASn-t®¬∏n-°pI IqSn sNbvXt- Xm-sS- AanX ]T\-`mcw F∂ Hcp FIvkvIyq-kv IqSn-bmbn {]Xn-I-c-W-Øns‚bpw {]Xn-tcm-[-Øn-s‚bpw ap{Zm-hm-Iy-߃ Npcp-´n-sh°m≥. AXn-\m¬ Xn∑-s°-Xncmb Bt{Im-i-ß-fn-√, \oXn°p-th-≠n-bp≈ A´-lm-k-ß-fn-√, A\o-Xn-s°-Xn-cmb {]Xntj-[-ß-fn-√. kmaq-ln-Im-hÿbpsS t\sc-bp≈ [m¿Ωn-Iamb DØ-c-hm-Zn-Xz-ß-fpsS Cu ewL\w a\p-jys‚ kmaqlnI Pohn F∂ \ne-bn¬ \n∂p≈ ]pd-tIm-´p-t]m-°n-te°m-bn-cn°pw \bn-°p-I. Cß-s\-sbm-s°-bm-sW-¶nepw "F¥p]‰n Imº-kp-Iƒ°v' F∂ Hcp tNmZyw CSn-ap-g-°w-t]mse Ahn-Sh - n-sS-sb√mw apg-ßn-t°ƒ°p-∂p-≠v. Cusbmcp i_vZØn\p \mw i‡n-]-I-tc-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. * * *

A_vZp-d-kmJv Fw. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. Icp-hm-cI - p≠v

C∂v Imº-kp-Is - f-°p-dn®v Db¿Ø-s∏-Sp∂ hen-sbmcp ]cm-Xn-bmWv AhnsS cmjv{So-b-{]-h¿Ø-\-ß-ƒ Ipd-™n-cn°p∂p F∂-Xv. hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v kPo-h-cm-jv{So-b-Øn¬ s]mXpsh Xm¬]-cyw- Ip-d™ X - p-sIm-≠p-Iq-Sn-bmWv Cßs\ kw`-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂-sX∂v a\- n-em-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. ]Tn®v Db¿∂ \ne-bn-se-Øp-Ibpw \√ hcp-am\w In´m-\p-X-Ip∂ sXmgn¬ t\Sp-I-bp-am-Wn∂v an° hnZym¿∞n-I-fp-sSbpw e£yw. shdpsX t\c-tºm-°n\v Iem-e-b-ß-fn¬ t]mIp-∂h¿°m-Is´, X¿°n-°m≥ kn\n-abpw kvt]m¿Svkpw sKbnwkp-sam-s°-Øs - ∂-bp-≠m-bn-cn°pw hnj-bß - f - mbn. ]ns∂-sb¥n\v s]mfn-‰nIvkv? kPo-h-cm-jv{So-b-]m¿´n-I-fpsS D]-{K-lß-fmbn {]h¿Øn-°p∂ hnZym¿∞n kwL-S\m {]h¿ØI¿°m-Is - ´, Imº-kp-If - n¬ sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-hc - p-tºmƒ bqWnb≥ Fß-s\-sb-¶nepw ssI°-em-°pI am{X-amWv e£yw. bqWn-b-\p-Iƒ aptJ\ sa®-s∏´ Fs¥-¶nepw {]h¿Ø-\-

߃ ImgvN-sh-°p-∂-Xn¬ bmsXmcp Xm¬]-cyhpw ImWn-√. kmaq-lnI {]iv\-ß-fn¬ CS-s]-Sp-∂-Xntem amdn-am-dn-h-cp∂ k¿°m-dp-If - psS hnZym-`ymk \b-ßt- fmSv {]Xn-Ic - n-°p∂ ImcyØntem t\m°p-I-bm-sW-¶n¬, GsXmcp hnZym¿∞n kwLS\m {]h¿Ø-I-scbpw kz¥w amXr-kw-L-S-\bpsS \b-\n-e]m-Sp-I-ƒ \ymbo-I-cn-°p-∂-Xn-e-∏p-dw- t]m-Ip-∂Xv ImWp-∂n√. ]ns∂-sb-¥n\v Iem-eb - ß - f - n¬ s]mfn-‰n-Ik v ?v Htc ÿm]\-Øn¬ Htc ¢mkn-en-cp∂v Hcp-an®v ]Tn-°p-∂-hsc tNcn-Ifm°n sshcw krjvSn-°p-∂-Xn¬ Ihn-s™-¥p-t\-´-am-W-XpsIm-≠p-≈Xv? Iq´p-Ip-Spw_ k{º-Zmbw XI¿∂v AWp-IpSpw-_-ß-fmbn a\p-jy¿ Pohn-°p∂ C°m-eØv ¢mkvdq-ap-Ifn-se-¶nepw Hcp Iq´p-Ip-Sw-_-m-¥co-£-Øn\v Ah-k-c-ap-≠mhp-I-bmWv th≠Xv. AXn\v AXn-te°v cmjv{So-bw- I-S-Øns°m-≠p-h∂v On{ZX krjvSn-°m-Xn-cn-°e - mWv IcWobw. * * *

19


ae-bmfw t\cn-Sp∂ {]Xn-k‘n

apl-ΩZv C√ymkv Cw•ojv hn`mKw eIvNd- ¿

ae-bm-f-Øn\v ¢mknIv ]Zhn In´m-ØØ - n¬ IpWvTn-Xs - ∏-Sp∂ kmlnXy-hn-Zzm≥am¿ hkvXp-X-Iƒ t\m°n B `mj-b° v X - n-\p≈ A¿l-Xb - pt≠m F∂p-t]mepw Nn¥n-°msX _lfw sh®v NmSp-∂Xv bYm¿∞-Øn¬ kz`mjm-t{]awaqew Xs∂-bmtWm AtXm AXp-hgn In´p∂ kmº-ØnI t\´Øn¬ IÆp-sht®m F∂p ]cn-tim-[nt°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. kz`mjm t{]a-amW-Xn-\p-]n-∂n-ep-≈-sX-¶n¬ `mj-s°s¥¥v t\´-ß-fmWv kz¥-amb coXnbn¬ Xm¥m-߃ sNbvXs - X∂v Ah¿ Xpd-∂p-]-d-b-s´. tZiob {]ÿm-\Øns‚ ]n¥p-W-tbmsS sslkvIqƒ hnZym-`ymkw amXr-`m-jb - n-em-°m-\p≈ {ia-Øns‚ `mK-ambn Chn-SsØ A[yb\ am[yaw ae-bm-f-am-°n-b-t∏mƒ AXn\p XS w krjvSn-°m-\m-Wn-hnsS ]ecpw {ian-®p-t\m-°n-b-Xv.

12

20

HºXmw ¢m v apX¬ Cw•ojv ]Tn-®p-Xp-Sß - n-bm¬ aXn-sb∂ alm-flmKm-‘n-bpsS D]-tZiw AwKo-Ic - n®p \S∏n-em-°m≥ ChnsS F{X-t]sc In´pw? \gvkdn apX¬°p-Xs∂ Cw•ojv ]Tn∏n-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bn-s√-¶n¬ AsXmcp h√mØ Ipd-hm-bn-´s√ \ΩpsS c£nXm-°ƒs°√mw tXm∂p-∂X - ?v k¿°m¿ kvIqfp-I-fn¬ Ip´n-Isf In´m-Xn-cn-°pam¿ ss{]h‰v ÿm]-\-߃ Cw•o-jv aoUn- b - ß - f m- ° n- b - X p- s Im- ≠ t√ \ΩpsS \m´nse k¿°m¿ kvIqfp-Ifnepw ae- b m- f - a o- U n- b - Ø n- s \m∏w Cw•ojv aoUn-bß - fpw XpS-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂Xv? \ΩpsS ae-bm-f-\m-´p-Im-cpsS kz`mhw Cß-s\-bm-sW-¶n¬ Ah¿°v ae-bm-f`- m-jm-`n-am-\a - p-≠v Fs∂-ßs\ ]d-bm≥ ]‰pw? shdpsX hmN-I-a-Sn®m¬ F√m-amtbm? ae-bmf `mj am{X-a√ \ne-hnep≈ Bdm-bncw `mj-I-fn¬ ]IpXnbpw ASpØ \qdp-h¿j-Øn-\Iw A{]-Xy-£-am-Ip-sa-∂mWv CubnsS

shfn-s∏´ Hcp ]T-\-Øn¬ ]d-bp-∂Xv. \ne-hn-ep≈ `mj-I-fn¬ \m¬]Xv iX- a m- \ - t Øm- f hpw ISpØ D∑qe\`ojWn t\cn-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp-e-£-Øn¬ IqSp-X¬ Bfp-Iƒ kwkm-cn-°p∂ Adp-]t- Xmfw `mj-Itf temIØv \ne-hn-ep-≈q-hs - {X. samØw `mj-I-fpsS \mep iX-am-\ta temIØnse sXmÆq‰n Bdv iX-am\w BfpIƒ kwkm-cn-°p-∂p-≈q. _m°n-bp≈ \mep-iX - a - m-\a - mWv sXmÆq‰n Bdv iXam-\w `mj-Is - fbpw \ne-\n¿Øp-∂X - v. Cu \mep-iX - a - m-\Ø - ns‚ AwK-kw-Jybn¬ KWy-amb Ipd-hmWv ASpØ Zim-_Zv Ø - n¬ kw`-hn-°m≥ t]mIp-∂Xv. hSt° Ata-cn-°b - n¬ am{Xw CXn\Iw \qdn¬]cw `mj C√m-Xm-bn-´p-≠s{X. Ct¥m-t\-jy-bn¬ ]Xn-\m-bn-cØn¬]cw Bfp-Iƒ kwkm-cn-°p∂ `mj Ct∏mƒ D∑qe\ `ojWn t\cnSp-Ib - m-W.v BtKm-fo-I-c-W-Øns‚ `mKambn temIw apgp-h≥ Htc IS-embn A[:]Xn-°p-∂-Xn\v {ian-°p-∂-Xns‚ apt∂m- S n- b mWv Cu `mjm- l - X y. F∂m¬ Cu Htc IS-ens‚ kwkvIm-


c-ta-Xm-bn-cn°pw? Hcp {]_e kwkvImc-Øn\pw P∑w \¬Im≥ `mKyw In´msX-t]mb ]m›m-Xy-cpsS kwkvImc cmlnXyw. Cw•o-jvao-Unbw ÿm]-\ß-fn¬ AXym-[p-\n-I-amb Fs¥ms°tbm BWv ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂Xv F∂ Nn¥ \sΩ-sbms°bßv ]nSn-Iq-Sn-t∏mbn-cn-°p-∂p. Aßs\ s]m≈-bmb \ΩpsS s]mß-®sØ Xr]vXn-s∏-SpØm≥ ]W-®m-°p-Iƒ sNmcn-bm≥ Xøm-dm-hp-I-bmWv \mw. ]W-°m-cs‚ Ip´n ]mh-s∏-´-h-s‚bpw Xmgv∂ PmXn°m- c - s ‚bpw Ip´n- I ƒ ]Tn- ° p∂ kvIqfn¬ ]Tn°p-∂X - n-ep≈ Ipd-®n¬ thsd-bp-samcp LS-Ia - m-bp-≠v. amXr-`mj ss{]a-dn-bn¬ \n¿_‘n-X-a-√mØ GI Z£n-tW-¥y≥ kwÿm\w tIc-f-am-Wv. Cw•ojv ]Z߃ D]- t bm- K n- ° msX ae- b mfw kwkm-cn-°p-∂h - ¿°v kΩm\w G¿s∏Sp-Øn-s°m-≠p≈ am[y-a] - c - n-]mSn tIcf-Øn¬ h≥{]-Nmcw t\Sn-bs - X-¥p-sIm≠m-bn-cn°mw? ae-bm-fn-°X - n-\p≈ Ignhn-√mbva sIm≠p-Xs - ∂-bm-bn-cn-°ns√ AXv? hnZym-`ymk t]Pp-I-fn¬ aebmfn°p´n- I ƒ°mbn kv s s‰e≥ Cw•ojv Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p∂ hnZym-`ymk hnN-£-W¿ F¥p-sIm-≠-h¿°mbn ssÃe≥ ae-bmfw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p∂n√? Xangv\m´n¬ Xan-gv`mj apJyam-[y-aa - mbn kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymkw sNøp∂-h¿°v k¿°m¿ tPmen-bn¬ Ccp-]Xv iX-am\w kwh-cWw G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bncn-°p-∂Xv \ap-s°¥m amXr-I-bm-hmØXv? ae-bmfn Xan-g-\p-ambn CS-]mSv \S-Øm≥ XpS-ßn-bm¬ Ah≥ Xangv ]Tn®v Xan-gn¬ Xan-g-\p-ambn kwkmcn-®p-Xp-S-ßp-I-b-√msX Xan-g≥ aebmfw ]Tn®v ae-bm-f-Øn¬ Ctßm´p kwkm-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßp∂ A\p-`hw Xosc ImWm-dn-√. ae-bm-fn°v F¥pw ]Tn-°m-\p≈ kma¿∞yw IqSp-X-emsW∂v \Ωƒ Al-¶-cn-°m-dp-≠nXpw ]d-™v. ]s£ ae-bm-fn°v ae-bm-f`m-jm-`n-am\w Ipd-™Xp sIm≠m-bncn- ° ns√ hmkvX- h - Ø n- e nXv? a‰p≈hcpsS `mj ]Tn®v Ign-hp-sXfn-bn-°p-∂Xv \√-Xp-Xs - ∂. ]s£, aebm- f n°v ae- b m- f m- ` n- a m- \ - a p- s ≠∂p hcnI a‰p-≈h - s - c Xs‚ `mj ]d-bm≥

Ah≥ \n¿_-‘n-X-cm-°p-tºm-gm-bn-cn°pw. Zriy-am-[y-a-ß-fpsS AXn-{]kcw amXr- ` m- j - ° p- ≠ m- ° p∂ tXbvam\w sNdp-X√ - . dnbm-en‰n tjmIfnse Ah-Xm-c-I\pw hn[n-I¿Øm°fpw a\:]q¿Δw ae-bmfw D®-cn-°mXn-cn-°mt\m hnI-ea - m°n D®-cn-°mt\m ]mSps]Sp-∂p-s≠-∂p-≈Xpw Hcp dnbmen- ‰ n- b m- W v . sIm®n- b n¬ CubnsS sIt¶-a-ambn sIm≠m-Snb kuμ-cy-a’- c - Ø nse tP{Xn "ae- b mfw {]mhoWyw' du≠n¬ D]-tbm-Kn-®Xv ap°m¬ `mKhpw BwK-te-b-a-s{X. Chn-Sß - f - n-se√mw "H∂p-In¬ Cw•ojv As√-¶n¬ ae-bmfw kwkm-cn-°-Ww' F∂m-⁄m-]n-°p∂ Hcp PUvPv D≠mIptam? F¶n¬ Ch-cn¬ ]e-scbpw ]ns∂ cwK-Øp-ImWn-√. ae-bmfw sIm™-∏-S-tbmsS kwkm-cn-°p-∂X - p-t]mepw Hc-[n-It- bmKy-X-bmbn IW-°m-°p∂ Xt±-i-hmWnPy kwkvIm-chpw Xncp-Øn-°p-dnt°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. k¿°m-dns‚ aebmfw aoUn-b-Øn¬ ]Tn-∏n-°p-Ibpw a°sf kzImcy Cw•ojv aoUn-b-ßfn¬ ]d-™b - ° - p-Ibpw sNøp∂ "hncpX≥amsc' k¿Δo-kn¬ \n∂v ]ncn-®phn-Sp-Ib - mWv ae-bm-fsØ c£n-°m-\m{K-ln-°p∂ `c-WI - qSw sNtø-≠X - .v `cWm-[n-]¿°v `c-Wo-b-cpsS `mj Adnbp-Ibpw AXv {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn¬ Hu’p-Iy-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNtøt≠ AXn\v? `c-Wo-bc - psS `mj `cn-°p-∂h - ¿°-dn-™n-cn-°W - sa∂-XpsIm-≠t√ hneyw-tem-K\pw Uqa-dnXv kmbn- ∏ p- s ams° ae- b mfw ]Tn®p Ncn{Xw krjvSn-®-Xv. \mtam, \nb-a-k`-bn¬ ae-bm-f-Øn¬ BZy-ambn Hcp _n√-h-X-cn-∏n-°m≥ \ap°p tXm∂nbXv kzmX-{¥y-Øn\v aq∂p-Z-im-_vZ߃°p tij-am-Wv. `mj- b psS ]p\- c p- ÷ o- h - \ Øn\v kz¥w `mj-bn-ep≈ Iem-˛-kmlnXy {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ i‡n-s∏-SW - w. imkv{X kmt¶-XnI cwK-ßf - nepw Kthj-W˛- ] - T - \ taJ-eI - f - n-ep-sa√mw amXr`mj t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°-s∏-S-Ww. `mj GXm\pw tImUp-Ifpw Ahsb {]Xn\n-[m\w sNøp∂ Hcp-Iq´w i_vZ-kzc-ßfpw am{X-a-√, adn®v AXv Hcp P\-

X-bpsS Poh hmbphpw Xe-ap-dI - f - n-eqsS ssIam‰w sNø-s∏´ Adn-hn-s‚bpw kwkvIm-cØn-s‚bpw A£-bJ - \nbpw IqSn-bm-Wv. ae-bmfw acn-°p-∂X - n-eqsS \q‰m-≠p-I-fmbn ChnsS \ne-\n∂ kwkvIm-chpw P\-Xb - p-amWv acn-°p-I. BI- b m¬ Cw•ojv t]mse- b p≈ A\y-`m-jI - sf temI kwkvIm-cß - f - nte°pw imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI hnZy-I-fnte-°p-ap≈ Ihm-S-ßsf∂ \ne-bn¬ Pohn- ∏ n- ° mw, ]s£ ae- b m- f sØ AYhm \ΩpsS AΩ-bpsS `mjsb sIm∂n-´p-thtWm AXv?

ae-bmfw sIm™-∏-StbmsS kwkm- c n- ° p- ∂ - X pt]mepw Hc- [ n- I - t bm- K y- X bmbn IW-°m-°p∂ Xt±i- h m- W nPy kwkv I m- c hpw Xncp- Ø n- ° p- d n- t °- ≠ n- b n- c n°p- ∂ p. k¿°m- d ns‚ aebmfw aoUn-b-Øn¬ ]Tn-∏n°p-Ibpw a°sf kzImcy Cw•ojv aoUn-b-ß-fn¬ ]d™- b - ° p- I bpw sNøp∂ "hncp-X≥amsc' k¿Δo-kn¬ \n∂v ]ncn-®p-hn-Sp-I-bmWv aebm-fsØ c£n-°m-\m-{K-ln°p∂ `c-W-IqSw sNtø-≠Xv. `c-Wm-[n-]¿°v `c-Wo-bcpsS `mj Adn- b p- I bpw AXv {]tbm- K n- ° p- ∂ - X n¬ Hu’p- I y- a p- ≠ m- b n- c n- ° pIbpw sNtøt≠ AXn\v ? `c-Wo-b-cpsS `mj `cn-°p-∂h¿°-dn-™n-cn-°-Wsa∂-XpsIm- ≠ t√ hneyw- t em- K \pw Uqa-dnXv kmbn-∏p-sams° ae- b mfw ]Tn®p Ncn{Xw krjvSn-®-Xv.

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Hcp hnZym¿∞n-bpsS Iem-eb hnNmcw A¿jZv sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F Cw•ojv

Hcp hnZym¿∞nsb kw_‘n®nStØmfw ]Tn-°pI Xs∂-bmWv apJy e£yw. Cu e£yw D≈n¬ sh®p- s Im- ≠ m- b n- c n- ° Ww Ah≥ As√-¶n¬ Ahƒ Iem-e-b-Øn-te°v Imse-SpØp shbv°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ Hcp Un{Kn hnZym¿∞n tImtf-Pn-seØp-∂Xv Cusbmcpt±-iy-tØmsS am{Xam-bn-cn-°W - tam ? aq∂v h¿jw sIm≠v Hcp {KmtPz‰v BIp-∂-Xn-\p≈ Adnhv t\Sn B Adn-hp-Iƒ a\- n¬ Dd∏n®p \n¿Øn bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bpsS ]co£mtNmZy-ß-fnse \º¿ sX‰msX DØ-c-°-S-em-kn¬ Ipdn-®n´v ^ew ImØn-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ ]cn-ioe- \ - Ø n\p th≠n am{Xw hcp- ∂ XmtWm Ah≥ As√-¶n¬ Ahƒ Xs‚ kXo¿∞y- k w- L - h p- a m- b p≈ Iq´p-sI-´n-te°v ? AtXm Iem-e-bm\-¥c Pohn-X-Øn-te°v th≠n-bp≈ A\p`h-ßfpw _‘-ßfpw B¿÷n°p-Ibpw AXp-hgn BPoh-\m¥w hnZym-`ym-k-ap≈ Hcp kulr-Z-kw-LØns‚ `mK-am-bn-cn-°m≥ Ah-k-c-ap≠m-°p-Ibpw sNøpI XpSßnb hnhnt[m-t±-iy-ßf - p≈ Hcp kph¿Æ ImeL-´a - m-bn-cn-°W - tam tImtfPv hnZym-`ymk-Øn-t‚Xv ? ]Xn- s \- ´ n\pw Ccp- ] - Ø n- c ≠n\pw CS-bn¬ {]mb-ap≈ B¨Ip´n-Ifpw s]¨Ip-´n-I-fp-amWv Un{Kn

14

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hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ. buh-\-Øns‚ cmKtZz-j-Im-a-t{Im-[-tem-`-tamlm-Zn-Iƒ Du¿÷-kz-eX ssIh-cn-°p∂ L´-amWn-Xv. Cu at\m-hr-Øn-I-fpsS i‡amb {]Xn- ^ - e - \ - a p- ≈ - X mbncn°pw AXn-\m¬ Cu {]mb-°m-cmb hnZym ¿∞n-I-fpsS Hmtcm hm°pw t\m°pw Ne-\\ - n-›e - \ - ß - f - pw. Cu {]mb-Øn¬ at‰-sXmcp _‘-tØ-°mfpw Bgap≈ _‘w kplr-Zv_-‘-am-bn-cn°pw. kulr-ZØ - ns‚ ]´p-\q¬ _‘-

Øm¬ tIm¿Øn-W-°-s∏´ hnhn[ hnZym¿∞n he-b-߃ Hmtcm Iem-eb-Ønepw Zriy-am-Wv. Hmtcm-cp-Øc - psS A`n-cp-Nn°pw Xm¬]-cy-Øn\pw CWßp∂ Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ Imº-kp-I-fn¬ cq]-s∏-Sp-∂Xv hfsc bmZr-—n-Ia - m-bn-´mbn-cn-°pw. hyXykvX Un∏m¿´p-sa‚pI- f nse hnZym¿∞n- I ƒ°n- S - b n¬ hyXykvX kplr-Zvh-e-b-߃, Hmtcm Un∏m¿´v s a‚ n- t ebpw hyXykv X ¢mkp-Iƒ°pw Unhn-j-\p-Iƒ°p-an-S-


aosX Db¿∂p \n¬°p∂ bn¬ hyXykvX kplrZvheHcp ]hn{X ÿm\hpw b-߃, Htc ¢mknse Xs∂ tImtfPv ]T-\-Im-eØv D≠m-bn-h-cp∂ AXv \¬Ip∂ Hcmflob hnhn[ Xm¬]-cy-°mcpw A`nA[n-Im-chpw D≠m-bn-cpt∂ cp-Nn-°m-cp-amb hnZym¿∞nas‰mcp _‘- a mWv Kpcp- i njy _‘w. CXv Xocq. X߃ A\p- k - c nIƒ°n-S-bnse kplrZvhe-b]s£ hfsc teme-am-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p∂p C°m°m≥ _m[yX- s ∏- ´ - h ¿, ߃, Iem-e-b-Øns‚ ]pde-Øv F∂-sXmcp ]c-am¿∞-am-Wv. Kpcp-Xz-t°Sv ]hn-{X-c-s√∂ph∂m¬ A Øp≈ Iq´p-sI-´p-Iƒ AIhsc [n°-cn-°p-∂-Xn¬ Ip sØ-Øp-tºmƒ H∂n-°p∂ F∂ hm°p Xs∂ C∂sØ Xe-ap-dsb kw_´n-I-ƒ ]¥n-tISv ImWn-√. kulr-Z° - q-´m-ba v I - ƒ ˛ Cß ‘n-®n-St- Ømfw Hcp Xam-ib - m-bn-cn-°pw. ap≥ImAXn-\m¬, hnZym-e-bs\ ]eXpw ImWpw Iq´ßf n¬ ]hn-{X-amb KpcpØn¬. Cu Iq´p-sI´v ]ee-ß-fn¬ "X\n°p KpcpXzw In´n-s√tSm' Fs∂injy_‘w \ne-\n¬t°Xcw hnIr-Xn-Iƒ°pw kpIrßm\pw Hcp injy\v Kpcp-hn¬ \n∂v tIƒt° ≠Xv Ah-bpsS kpK-ahpw Xn-Iƒ°pw \nan-Ø-am-hm-dp≠n h∂m¬ B injy≥ Ahn-SpsØ Im¬°¬ A®-S-°-]q¿Æ-hp-amb ≠v. Pohn-X-Im-e-a-{Xbpw adapt∂m-´p-t]m-°n\v A\n-hm°msX a\-   n¬ kq£nhoWv \akvvIcn®v Kpcp-Xz-Øn-\mbn {]m¿∞n-°pcy- a - s {X. Kpcp- ° ƒ Xß°p∂ _‘-am-bn-cn°pw Cu am-bn-cp-∂p. C∂v Aß-s\-sbmcp im]-hm°v fpsS hnim- e - a mb Adn_‘w. sIm√-߃°p ti hns‚ Kcn-a-sIm≠pw s]cpjhpw Xs‚ ho´n¬ IeymWw Dcp-hn-Sm≥ Kpcp-hn\v ss[cytam AXp tI´v am- ‰ - Ø nse hiyX sIm t]mse-bp≈ hnti-j-ß-fp]›mØm]-_p-≤n-bp-Zn-°m≥ injy¿°v hn\≠pw kvt\l-akr-Whpw Kp ≠m-hp-tºmƒ tImtf-Pnse btam C√m-Xm-bn-°g- n™ Hcp kmaq-lnI ] - › - mW-Imw-£m-]-c-hp-amb kaokl-]m-Tn-Isf AXn¬ ]\w sIm≠pw injy-k-aqkw_-‘n-∏n-°-W-sa∂ Ø-e-amWv D≠m-bn-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. l-Øns‚ apºn¬ BZ-cW - o\n¿_-‘-an-√m-Ø-h¿ Npcpb-cm-bn-cn-°p-∂X - n-\v tbmKy°-am-bn-cn-°pw. cm-bn-cn-°-W-sa-∂Xv IqSn tImtfPv ]T- \ - I mXe-ap-dbv°v Nn¥n-t°≠n hcn-I-bpw, CXns‚ IqsS ImtW≠ Imcy-am-Wv. eØv D≠m-bn-h-cp∂ as‰mcp _‘Aßs\ Nn¥n-°m≥ Ahsc A\pKpcp-hns‚ Atbm-Ky-Xbpw sIm≈-cpamWv Kpcp-injy _‘w. CXv ]s£ h-Zn-°p∂ cmjv{Sob˛km-aq-lnI ]›mXm-bvabpw injy-cpsS apºn¬ shfnhfsc teme-am-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p∂p Ø- e - a m- W p- ≈ Xv F∂v hcn- I bpw s∏-Sp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ AØ-cs - amcp KpcpC°m-e-Øv F∂-sXmcp ]c-am¿∞-amsNbv X m¬ ]ns∂ CX- √ m- s Ømcp hns\ injy¿ Fßs\ BZ-c-Wo-bWv. Kpcp-Xz-t°Sv F∂ hm°p Xs∂ ^ew {]Xo-£n-°m-\m-hn-√-t√m. \mb Kpcp-hm-bn´p ImWpw ? ap∂n¬ C∂sØ Xe-ap-dsb kw_-‘n-®n-S]≠-tØ-Xp-t]mse Kpcp-tI-{μn\·-\mbn \n¬°p∂ Hcmsf hkv{Xw tØmfw Hcp Xam- i - b m- b n- c n- ° pw. X-amb Hcp G¿∏mSv F∂ \ne-bn¬ [cn-®-h-s\∂v Bcv BW-bn´p ]dap≥Im-e-ß-fn¬ "X\n°p KpcpXzw \n∂v Iem-e-b-temIw ]msS amdn-bn™mepw AXv AwKo-I-cn-°m≥ IÆpIn´n- s √tSm' Fs∂- ß m\pw Hcp cn- ° p- I - b m- W v ]pXnb temI- { I- a ≈- h ¿°m- h n- √ . A[ym- ] - I ¿°p injy\v Kpcp-hn¬ \n∂v tIƒt°≠n Ønepw XZ-\p-kr-X-amb hnZym-`ym-khy‡nXzw \jvS-s∏-Sp-∂Xv ]e Iemh∂m¬ B injy≥ Ahn- S psØ {I-a-Ønepw F∂-XmWv Cu ÿnXn e-b-ß-fn-sebpw hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°n-SIm¬°¬ hoWv \akvvIcn®v Kpcp-Xzhnti- j Ønte°p \bn® as‰mcp bnse Akz-ÿ-Xbv°pw A\n-b-{¥nØn-\mbn {]m¿∞n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. C∂v LS-Iw. Kpcp-hns‚ ]¶v Kcp-X-c-a-√mXm-h-ÿbv°pw tlXp-hm-Im-dp-≠v. Aß-s\-sbmcp im]-hm°v Dcp-hn-Sm≥ Xm-Ip-∂n-SØv KpcpXzw F∂Xv Gsd Iq´-Øn¬ a\- n-em-°n-bn-cnKpcp- h n\v ss[cytam AXp tI´v ]cn-K-W-\o-b-a-√m-Xm-Ip-sa-∂Xv \n›t°≠ as‰mcp hkvXp-X-bmWv Ip´n]›mØm]-_p-≤n-bp-Zn-°m≥ bw. Kpcp-hn\v I¬∏n-®p-t]m-∂ncp∂ I-fpsS Km¿lnI-amb Np‰p-]m-Sv. Ieminjy¿°v hn\-btam C√m-Xm-bn-°ÿm\w ]hn-{X-a√m-Xm-bn-cn-°p-Ib - mWv e-b-Øn¬ Hcp hnZym¿∞n acym-Z-sI´v gn™ Hcp kmaq-lnI -]-›m-Ø-eX∑q-ew. Iem-e-b-Øn\p ]pdØv kaqs]cp-am-dn-bm¬ Iem-e-bm-[n-Ir-X¿°v amWv D≠m-bn-h-∂n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. l-Øn¬ Xß-f-\p-`-hn-°p∂ F√m Ahs\°pdn®p ]cmXn ]d-bm-\p-≈Xv Adnhv F∂Xv ^okpw kzmX- { ¥yhpw Iem- e - b - Ø ns‚ c£n-Xm-°t- fm-Sm-Wv. ]s£ X’-abw tImgbpw hmßn hn¬°p∂ Hcp tImºu-≠n-\p-≈nepw A\p-hZ- n-°s - ∏B hnZym¿∞nsb°pdn®v c£n-Xmhn¬∏-\-®-c-°mbn amdpI-bpw, hnZym S-Ws - a-∂m-{K-ln-°p∂ hnZym¿∞n-ka - qhn¬ \n∂v A[n-Ir-X¿°v Ctßm´v ¿∞n-Iƒ B Nc-°ns‚ D]-t`m-‡ml-Øn\v AXn¬ ]eXpw hne-°n]cmXn tIƒt°-≠n h∂mesØ Zb°ƒ F∂ \ne- b n- s e- Ø p- I bpw, s°m-≠p≈ \nb-a-N-´-߃ \S-∏n-em\ob ÿnXn H∂m-tem-Nn®p t\m°q. X߃°pw A`y-kvX-hn-Zy-cm-bn-°-gn°m≥ _m[y-ÿ-cmWv Kpcp-k-aqlw ]e Ip´n-If - p-sSbpw c£n-Xm-°ƒ Ip´n™m¬ AXp-ap-tJ\ sNøm-\p-≈Xv F∂-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿°v injy-cpsS Iƒ°p hnt[-bcpw, Ah-cp-sS apºn¬ kºØv t\Sp-I-bmWv F∂v ]pXnb

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\n -lm-b-cp-am-Wv. Bfl-hnIp´n-If- psS ss\k¿§n-It- i-jn°v hf-cm≥ Hcp-°n-s°m-Sp-°p∂ izm-kt- ØmsS Ip´n-Isf KpWtZm-jn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ c£n-XmAh-kc- ß - f- psS t\sc t]mepw ]pdw-Xn-cn™p \n¬°p-Ib - mWv B[p°ƒ Ipd- t ®- b p- ≈ q. ]e \nI Iem-eb - ß - f- nse a°ƒ. Kuc-ha- p≈ Nn¥tbm AXn\p klm-bI - tImtfPv hnZym¿∞n- I fpw c£n- X m- ° sf kmº- Ø n- I amb hmb-\tbm hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ ImWp-∂n-√. _m¿_¿ tjmambn B{i-bn-°msX kz¥∏nepw ssSe¿tjm-∏nepw t]mbn XmSnbpw apSnbpw hnI-ea- m°n sh´n®pw amb kºm-Zy-am¿§-Øn-te¿s∏hkv{X-߃ tImamfn thj-Øn¬ Xp∂n®pw kzbw {]Z¿in-∏n-°p-∂-XnSp-∂-hcpw Hcp ]s£ c£nXm-°sf Atßm´v klm-bnemWv an°-hcpw lcw ImWp-∂X - v. °p-∂-h-cp-amWv F∂-XmWv ÿnXn. AØ-c-samcp Ahÿ-bn¬ c£n-Xm-°ƒ°v Ip´n\S-°p∂ Iem a’-c-ßfpw ImbnI t]mse Xs∂ a\p-jy-cm-in-tbmSpØI-fpsS [n°m-c-sØ I≠n-s√∂p \Sna’-c-ß-fpw AhnsS \n∂nd-ßp∂ c- h m- Z n- Ø - a p≈ Hcp hy‡n- Xs‚ t°-≠-Xmbpw hcpw. a°sf am\-knkmlnXy {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-ß-fpw. Cu _m[y-Xm-\n¿Δ-lW - m¿∞w ÿm]n®nI-ambn Iogvs∏-Sp-Øm-\m-hp∂ c£n-Xmam\-Zfi ß - f - n-eqsS Af-∂m¬ hfsc ´p≈ X mW v . F{Xam{Xw {]im-¥hpw °ƒt° Ah-cpsS A®-S° hnj-b\ncm-im-P\ - I - a - m-bn-cn°pw an° ÿm]kpJ{ ]Z h pamb A¥co-£a - mWv Cu Øn¬ Fs¥-¶nepw sNøm-s\m-°q. \-ßf - p-sSbpw C∂sØ ÿnXn. {]WIeme b Ø nt ‚s X∂Xv CXns‚ `b- s ∏- S p- Ø nbpw ASn- ® - a ¿Ønbpw b-a-√mØ bmsXm∂pw Ihn-Xbv°p ÿm]I s‚ klrZ b X zs Øbpw C∂v Bscbpw hcp-Xn-bn-em-°m-\m-hnhnj-bo-`h - n-°p-∂X - mbn Cu temI-Ønkuμc yt _m[ s Øbpw hnfnt®m-Xp√. en√ F∂p tXm∂n-t∏mIpw hnZym¿∞n∂p. BSpI bpw ]mSpI bpw sNøp∂ apsºms° Iem- e - b - ß ƒ I- f psS Imhy- c - N - \ - I ƒ I≠m¬. {]Ir-Xn, IhnX hncn-bn-°p∂ Im\\ kmln-Xy-Im-c≥am-cp-sSbpw Iem-ImA[ym- ] - I - c psS i‡hpw Kuc- h ]›m-Ø-ew, Bh-iy-amb `uXnI c≥am-cp-sSbpw s]mXp-{]-h¿Ø-I-cptØmSp IqSn-bX - p-amb CS-s]-Se - n-√m-sXkuI-cy-߃, hnhn-[-bn\w tImgvkpsSbpw hnf- \ n- e - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. C∂v sb-ßm\pw Hcp tImtfPv amK-kn-≥ Iƒ, F√m tImgvkp-Iƒ°pw {]K-¤]s£ Cu cwK-ß-fn-se√mw apc-SnCd-ßn-bm¬ IÆpw aq°pw s]mtØ cpƒs°m- ≈ p∂ ^m°¬Sn- I ƒ ! ∏mWv A\p-`-h-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. Ip´n-I-fpsS ≠ D≈-S-°-ß-fm-bn-cn°pw AXn¬ ChnsS B¿°pw ]Tn®phf-cmw, hmbn ss\k¿§n-It- i-jn°v hf-cm≥ Hcp-°n\nd-sb. ®phf-cmw, FgpXnhf-cmw, Ifn®phfs°m-Sp-°p∂ Ah-k-c-ß-fpsS t\sc Cß-s\-sb-√m-ap- ≈ Hcp temIcmw, kmwkvIm-cn-Ia - mbn D∂Xn t\Smw. t]mepw ]pdw-Xn-cn™p \n¬°p-Ikm- l - N - c y- Ø n¬ Hcp tImtfPv CXns \√ ma p≈ kmlNcyw ChnsS bmWv B[p-\nI Iem-e-b-ß-fnse hnZym¿∞n°v sNøm-\p≈Xv kz¥w kpe` w. aq∂m≠ pI ƒ ChnsS Xo¿Øv a°ƒ. Kuc-ha - p≈ Nn¥tbm AXn\p DØ-c-hm-ZnØ-ßfpw I¿Ø-hy-ßfpw ]Snb nd ß pt ºmƒ Xm≥ F¥p t\Sn klm-bI - a - mb hmb-\tbm hnZym¿∞nXncn- ® - d n™pw Xs‚ Pohn- X hpw F∂ tNmZyØ n\v H∂pw t\Snbn√ Iƒ°n-S-bn¬ ImWp-∂n-√. _m¿_¿ `mhnbpw Xm≥Xs∂ cq]-s∏-Sp-Øn-bnF∂ DØc a mWv Hcmƒ°v In´p∂ s - Xtjm-∏nepw ssSe¿tjm-∏nepw t]mbn cn-°-W-sa∂v a\- n-em-°nbpw Iem-e¶n¬ AXn\v Abmƒ am{Xa mb nc n°pw XmSnbpw apSnbpw hnI-e-am°n b-Po-hn-XsØ ^e-{]-Z-am-°m≥ {ianDØ-ch - mZn F∂¿∞w. AXn-\m¬ ]Tsh´n®pw hkv{X-߃ tImamfn thj°p-I-bm-Wv. ]s£ AXn\p t{]c\Ø ns‚ IqsS Hcp ÿm]-\-Øn¬ Øn¬ Xp∂n®pw kzbw {]Z¿in-∏n-°pWbpw {]tNm-Z\ - hpw {]Zm\w sNøp∂ \n∂v In´mhp∂ F√m-sa√mw ChnsS ∂-Xn-emWv an°-hcpw lcw ImWp-∂Hcp Iem-e-bm-¥-co-£-Øn-emWv Ah\n∂v B¿Pn°m-\m-h-W-sa∂ ZrV-\nXv. bqWn-t^mw \n¿_-‘-ap≈ Iem\nXv km[y-am-hp-I. CØ-c-Øn-ep≈ ›b t ØmSp IqSn-bm-hs´ F≥.-kn.-Fe-b-ß-fn¬ AXn\v Cfhv A\p-h-ZnHcp Iem-eb - m-¥c - o£w kz]v\w I≠pkv . S n. bnse At[yXm°ƒ Chn-SsØ °-s∏-Sp∂ Znh-k-ß-fn¬ ¢mkp-Iƒ sIm-≠mWv F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. cq]o-IrkuIc yß ƒ D]t bmK s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - v. ^pƒ {]k‚m-hp-∂X - n\v Cu {]Z¿i\ X-am-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂mWv AXns‚ hmRvO-bmWv Imc-W-sa∂v \S-Øn-∏p-Imcn¬ \n∂v a\- n-em-°m≥ B¿°mWdn-™p-Iq-Sm-ØXv ? Ign-bp-I.- ]e ÿm]-\ß - fpw hn⁄mHcp tImtf-Pns‚ \ne-hm-c-a-f\-hn-X-cWw hgn ]Ww kzcq-]n-°pI °m≥ ]co- £ m- ^ - e - ß ƒ t]mse F∂Xv e£y-am-°p-tºmƒ, F≥.-kn.Xs∂ am\-Zfi a - m-hp-∂X - mWv AhnsS F-kv.-Sn. a‰p \PmØv ÿm]-\-߃

16

24


X]vX_ - mjv]w

\ujmZv ]p©

HSphnse \nizm-khpw im¥n-Zq-Xm°n, Hcp ]q¶p-bn¬ ]mSn ]Sn-bn-d-ßn. hc≠ am\w t\m°n hne-]n® t\mhp-I-fn¬ h¿j-ambn \nd-™p-h∂v kar-≤n-bpsS \mºp-Iƒ hncn-bn®v Hcp hk¥w am™p-t]m-bn. Hcm-bncw hnf-°p-am-S-߃ sXfn-bn®v {]Im-i-am\w Xo¿Øv, Hcp Xmcw I¨Nn-Ωn. Duj-c` - q-an-bn¬ kz¥w th¿∏p \ocn-‰n®v D¿Δ-c-am°n Hcp \mb-I≥ Hm¿Ω-bm-bn. I\-se-cn-bp∂ Ic-fp-I-fn¬ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ Hcp km¥z-\- kv]¿iw Bcp-tam¿°msX \n›-e-am-bn. Chn-sS, Cu ac-Ø-Wepw Nmcp-I-tk-cbpw Ia-\ob t]\bpw \jvSh - k - ¥ - s - Ø-tbm¿Øv hnXp-ºp-∂p...

t\mhns‚ `mfi-an-d°n sh°m≥ C\n-tbXp tKlw ? kam-[m-\Ø - ns‚ Cfw-sX-∂¬ ]I-cm≥ C\n-tbXp ]pfn\w ? B¿Ø-ambv Ae-bp-am-flm-°ƒ°p ic-Wt- a-Im≥ C\n-tbXp hgn-b-ºew ? Ahn-th-I-Øns‚ Bƒcq-]-ambn a\- -¶Ww amdp-tºmƒ, ]Iz-X-bpsS ]mTw ]Tn-∏n°m≥ C\n-tbXp Kpcp-\m-Y≥ ? C√; H∂pw ]I-c-am-In-√, H∂n\pw; Bcpw ]I-c-am-In√, B¿°pw. \jvS-߃ \nI-Ø-s∏-Sm-\p-≈-X√; AXp \ne-\n¬°m-\p-≈-Xm-Wv. Cu XØz-߃ IqSn Aßv A\p-`-hn∏n®v ]Tn-∏n-®p. B AI-°-Æp-Iƒ Ct∏mgpw R߃°mbv Xpd-∂n-cn-°p∂p F∂p hniz-kn-°-s´tbm...

25


Ah-km-\sØ Ce

Pn.-kn. Imc-bv°¬

18

c≠p {]mhiyw acWsØ apJm-apJw I≠p F∂p ]dbp-∂-Xmhpw icn. BZyw c≠p h¿j-߃°p apºv Hcp _p[-\mgvN {Sj-dnbn¬ t]mbn BZysØ s]≥j≥ hmßn ho´n-te°v Xncn-®p-hcp∂ hgn s]s´-s∂mcp Xf¿®. ]ns∂ hesØ ssIØ-≠-bn-¬ \n∂v tXmfn-eqsS \Sp-s\-©n-te°v kln-°m-\m-hmØ IS-®n¬. IÆp-I-fn¬ aqS¬a™ns‚ ]pI \nd-bp-∂-Xp-hsc Hm¿Ω -D≠mbn-cp-∂p. t_m[w sXfn-bp-tºmƒ sh‚n-te-‰-dn--em-bn-cp-∂p. hm¿Unte°v am‰n-b-t∏mƒ thdn´v \K-c-ß-fn¬ ]m¿°p∂ aIs‚ IpSpw_hpw aI-fpsS IpSw-_hpw h√msX imkn-®p. Cu A—s‚ Htc-Im-¥-hm-kw. temIØv as‰-hn-sSbpw kmln-Xy-Im-c≥am¿ a°-fpsS IpSpw-_-tØm-sSm∏w Xma-kn-°m-dnt√. C\n-bns∏m kmln-Xy-a√ {][m-\w. h√ kvt{Sm°pw h∂p InS-∏mbm B¿°m Hgn-hp-≈-sX-∂p-IqSn A—-s\m∂p ]d™p Xt∂-°W - w. aI≥ hfsc _p≤n-am-\m-bn-cp-∂p. ]Tn-°p∂ ImeØv am{Xa-√.- Bcp-sSbpw klm-b-an-√msX kz¥-ambn Hcp PohnXw sXcs™-Sp-°p-tºmƒ t]mepw B Io≥ sk≥kv Abmƒ ]c-am-h[n {]tbm-P\ - s - ∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. k¿°m¿ iºfw ]‰p∂ Hcp amjv°v A°m-eØv Aß-s\-sbmcp hnth-I-sam∂pw tXm∂n-bn-cp-∂n-√. aIƒ ]d-™p. AΩ kmln-Xy-Im-cn-bm-Im-Xn-cp-∂Xv \∂m-bn. AXp-sIm≠v Fs‚ a°ƒ°v Hcp Iq´p-≠m-bn. apØ-»n-°-Y-Ifpw AΩ ]d™p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ Ah¿ I≠n-´n-√mØ amhn≥ Nph-Sp-I-fpsS

26


Hm¿Ω-I-fp-ambn Ah-c-ßs\ ASn-®p-s]m-fn®p Ign-bp-∂p. AΩbv°v th≠n-bn-cp∂ Hcp ]qPm-apdn Rm≥ A\n-te-´s\ sIm≠v sk‰v sNbvXv sImSp-°p-Ibpw sNbvXp. AΩ A—s‚ Iq´v shSn™v Ah-cpsS Iq´n¬ tNt°dn-b-Xns‚ \ymbw Ahƒ _p≤n-]q¿Δw Ah-X-cn-∏n-°p-∂Xv I≠-t∏mƒ Abmƒ°v A¤pXw tXm∂n. kma¿∞y-°m-cn-bmb acp-a-Iƒ ]d-™p. A—≥ kmlnXyw Dt]-£n-°W - s - a-s∂m∂pw Rm≥ ]d-bn-√. s]≥j≥ ]‰n-bXp sIm≠v hmbn-°m\pw Fgp-Xm-\p-sams° [mcmfw kabw In´pw. IÆo-cpw kz]v\ß-fp-ambn a°-sf-sbms° \´p-\-\®p hf¿Ønb hoSns‚ GIm-¥X - b - n¬ X\n-®n-cn-°p-tºmƒ IY X\nsb Fgp-Xn-t∏mhpw. Fgp-X-s´t∂ Rm≥ ]d-bq. CXp-t]mse h√ _p≤nap´pw hcp-tºmƒ \Ω-sfms° Cßp ]d-s∂-Øn-t√. Ahƒ ]d-™Xv Ah-fpsS Imcy-am-bn-cp-∂p. AΩsb aIƒ Hmlcn sh®v sIm≠p-t]mb ÿnXn°v _m°n ]IpXn aI≥ FSp-t°-≠n hcpw Fs∂mcp \oXn kzm`m-hnI-am-Wv. B hnj-b-Øn¬ Ahƒ°p≈ Akz-ÿX kmlnXy-Im-c\v am{Xw a\- n-em-hp∂ `mj-bn¬ Ahƒ ]d-s™t∂-bp-≈q. Hcp sh≈-ap-≠v apJ-tØ°v \o´n-bnSpw hsc A—≥ kmln-Xy-hm-b\ XpS¿∂m¬ Gsd kt¥mjw Fs∂mcp hymJym\w AXn¬ Hfn-™n-cn-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Cebv°pw ap≈n\pw tISn-√msX {]iv\w Ah-km\n-®-tXmsS _‘-ß-fpsS hne-t]-iepw hym]m-chpw aXnbm°n a°ƒ Xncn-®p-t]m-bn. ]s£, Bip-]{Xn hnSp-tºmƒ tUmIvS¿ Hcp Imcyw hfsc kzIm-cy-ambn Abm-tfmSv ]d-™n-cp-∂p. "Cu {]mhiyw c£- s ∏´q Ft∂- b p- ≈ q, kq£n-°W - w.' acWw c≠m-asØ {]mhiyw h∂-Xns\∏‰n ]d-bmw. G‰-hpw ]pXnb t\mh-ens‚ {]Im-i\w kw_-‘n®v HmSn-∏m™p \S-°p∂ ka-bw. Hcp® t\cØv \K-cØ - n-eqsS Hmt´m-dn-£-bn¬ k©-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. s]s´∂v kpJ-Icamb Hcm-ekyw tXm∂n. Xmcm´p t]mse Hcp Km\w ImXpI-fn¬ Btcm `oI-c-ambn apg-°p-∂Xp t]mse. icocw Hcp s]mßp-XSn t]mse I\w Ipd™p Ipd™v ]d-∂p-t]m-Ip∂Xp t]mse tXm∂n. ]cn- N - b - a n- √ mØ \Kcw Bbn- c p- ∂ Xp sIm≠pw samss_¬ D]-tbm-Kn-°m-ØXp sIm≠pw Bcpw Adn-™n√. ]mhw Hmt´m ss{Uh¿ h√msX IjvS-s∏-tS≠n h∂p. Bip-]{- Xn-bn¬ ]Ww AS®Xpw Bcp-a√ - mØ Hcp-h\v c≠p Znhkw Imh-en-cp∂v ]cn-Nc - n-®Xp-sas° R߃ XΩn-ep≈ _‘w. A[nIw hnZym-`ymkw sIm≠v hnh-i-am-ImØ Hcp a\ pw A[zm-\n®v A—\pw AΩbv°pw Nne-hn\p sImSpØp-≈ ]cn-N-b-hp-am-bn-cn-°-Ww. ]ns∂ Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_-Øn¬ XΩn-Ø√n kvt\lw sImSpØpw hmßnbpw hf¿∂p h∂ ioe-ß-fpw. bqWn-b-t\m-^o-kn¬ \n∂pw ISw hmßn® ]Ww am{Xw ssI∏‰n C\n ho≠pw ImWm-\n-S-bn-√mØ B HcpØ≥ bm{X ]d-™p-t]m-bn.

Abmƒ h√msX hyk-\n-®p. Ch-s\t¥ Fs‚ aI-\mbn ]nd-°m-sX t]mb-Xv ? A∂pw tUmIvS¿ D]-tZ-in-®p. c≠p KpfnI Ft∏mgpw t]m°-‰n¬ IcpXn shbv°Ww. Akz-ÿX tXm∂n-Øp-S-ßptºm \mhns‚ ASn-bn¬ sh®m aXn. C\n-sbm-∂p-≠m-hm-Xn-cn-°m≥ {]tXyIw {i≤n°-Ww. C\n Hcn-°¬ acWw h∂p hnfn-°p-tºmƒ IqsS t]mth≠n hcp-sa∂v Abmƒ°v \√ Dd-∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]pXnb ]pkvX-IsØ Ipdn®v BgvN-∏-Xn-∏n¬ h∂dnhyp hmbn-®-t∏mƒ PohnXw GXm≠v ]q¿Æ-am-Ip-∂Xp t]msebpw C\n-sbmcp bm{X- D≠mIp-s∂¶n¬ AXv Gsd°psd kwXr-]X v n-tbmsS Bbn-cn-°p-sa∂pw Abmƒ a\- n¬ Icp-Xnb Znhkw Ct∂ hsc ImWmØ hn[-Øn-ep≈ Hcp kz]v\w I≠p. In\mhv F∂p ]d-™m¬ Gsd icn-bm-hpw. \√ \nem-hv. \nem-hn¬ sX∂n-sØ∂n \oßp∂ Hmf߃ IS∂p sN√p-tºmƒ ]pg-tbm-cØv Ce sImgn™p \n¬°p∂ ac-°q-´-ß-ƒ°nS-bnse Hcp ac-Øn¬ Ah-km\sØ Ce _m°n-bmbn \n¬°p∂ \√ s]bn‚nwKv t]meØ kz]v\w. ]nt‰ Znh-kw Abmƒ hmb-\-bn¬ apgp-In-bn-cn-°ptºmƒ hmXn-en¬ Hcp ap´v tI´p. IS-∂p hcmw... ]´p-e™v ]mhmS sRmdn-Iƒ Im‰n¬ ]dØn GIh¿Æ ie-`sØ t]mse Ahƒ Nnd-Ip-hn-cn®v \n∂-t∏mƒ Abmƒ Aº-c∂p t]mbn. In\m-hn¬ I≠p-ad - ™ ]pgt°m ac-°q´ßƒt°m F¥nt\m Fhn-sStbm Hcp kmZriyw Cu AXn-Yn-bpsS GtXm Nnd-In\p-≠v. Ahƒ ]d™p: "Rm≥ Pmkvan≥. Ncn{XhnZym¿∞n-\nbm-W.v kmdns‚ ]pXnb ]pkvXIw hmbn-®-t∏mƒ AXn-ep≈ Ncn{X ]›mØew Rm≥ ]nd∂ tZi-Øn-t‚-Xm-sW∂v tXm∂n. amjv klm-bn-°p-sa-¶n¬ Hct\zjW s{]mPIvSv sNø-Ws - a-∂p≠v. Ct∏mƒ Ncn{Xw t]mepw AssπbnUv lnÃ-dn-bmbn amdp∂p. ]gb kmbn-∏ns‚ aÆn-t\m-Sp≈ {`a-sØ-°p-dn®v \ap-s°mcp-an-®n-cp∂v Nn¥n-®q-tS. Dss_kv! s]s´∂v Hm¿Ω-bn¬ sXfn-bp-∂Xv tambn≥Ip´n sshZycpsS {]W-b-Im-hyw. AXn¬ Dss_kv Fs∂mcp Pn∂p-cmP-Ip-am-cn-bp-≠v. Ahƒ°v ap\o-dn-t\m-SnjvSw tXm∂n-bt- ∏mƒ A\p-\-b-Øn¬ ASpØv sN∂v Abm-fpsS Xe-bn¬ Hcp am{¥n-I-sXm∏n h®p. B \nanjw Ah-s\mcp ]©-h¿Æ°n-fn-bmbn amdn. Abmƒ apØ-»-a-\- n-t\mSv kzbw tNmZn-®p. Cu IY Ct∏mƒ tXm∂m≥ Imc-Ww? Ahƒ Nncn-®n´v ]d-™p. Rms\mcp X\n -t_m-dm-sW-s∂-ßm\pw amjv°v tXm∂p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ ]d-bW - w. C√. Ah-fpsS hmNm-eX Abmƒ°v h√m-sX-bn-jvS-am-bn.

27


]s£ F¥p-hn-fn-°-W-sa∂v h√m-sØmcp Bi-b-°p-g-∏w. aI-sf-t∂m Iq´p-Im-cn-sbt∂m Ip´n-sbt∂m Hs° Bhmw. ]s£ AXn-s\ms° A∏p-dsØ \nem-s°m-´-bn¬ \ns∂mgpIn hcp∂ Hcp Ik-hv\q-ep-sIm≠v a\- p-Iƒ XΩn¬ _‘n-°-s∏-´-Xp-t]m-se. Hcp NnØ-{`-a-°m-cs‚ ]d™p^en-∏n-°m≥ ]‰mØ A`n-\n-thiwt]mse Hcp _‘w. aÆn¬sXm´v Ncn-{X-Øn-te°pw Ahn-sS-\n∂p Poh\p≈ a\p-jy-cpsS KX-Im-ek - vac - W - I - f - n-te°pw ]ns∂ {]Wb-Øn-te°pw k©-cn-°p-tºmƒ Ahƒ Abm-fn-te°v H´nt®-cm\pw GI-h¿Æ-i-e-`-Øns‚ Nnd-Ip-Iƒ°v Iogn¬ Abmƒ°p≈ IpS-]n-Sn®p sImSp-°m\pw XpS-ßn. Hcp Znhkw Ahƒ dn°m¿Up- I - f psS FgpØv ]q¿Øn-bm-°n-bn´v tNmZn-®p. amj°v G‰hpw CjvS-s∏´ Hcm-lmcw Rm\n∂v ChnsS D≠m°n Xcp-∂p. F¥m- th-≠Xv? Abm-fpsS Pohn-X-Øn¬ Bcpw Ct∂-hsc tNmZn-®n´n-√m-ØXpw F∂m¬ tIƒ°m≥ B{K-ln-®X - p-amb Hcp tNmZyambn-cp∂p AXv. s]s´∂v DØcw h∂n-√. Krlm-Xp-c-XzØns‚ apdn-hp-Iƒ Hfn-®p-]n-Sn-°m\pw hnIm-c-ßsf hymPam°n apJØv ]pc-´m-\p-sams° Abmƒ h√msX _≤-s∏Sp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Ahƒ ]d-™p. Rm≥ ]d-bs - ´. Nph∂ Acn-bpsS NqSp≈ I™nbpw s\√n°m Iq´n-b-c® NΩ-¥nbpw ]ns∂ c≠v Np´ ]∏-S-hpw. A¤p-X-tØmsS Chƒ Dss_kv F∂ am{¥nI kpμ-cn-sb∂v a\- n¬ hnNm-cn-®-t∏mƒ Ahƒ Xpd∂p]-d™p. CXv Fs‚ anSp-s°m-∂p-a-√. ]pXnb t\mh-en¬ dpJnb Ip™n-∏p-hn\v th≠n sshIp-t∂-csØ AØm-gØn\v IcpXn shbv°p-∂Xv Rm≥ hmbn®v ]Tn-®X - m. Ip™n∏p-hns‚ s\mº-c-߃ Rm≥ ]e-t∏mgpw Fs‚ s\©n¬ sIm≠p-\S- ° - m-dp-s≠∂v Iq´n-t°m-fq. Aßs\ Abm-fpsS hninjvSt`mPyw Ahƒ hnf-ºn. ]s£ Abmƒ Ign®v XpS-ßp-∂-Xn\v apºv Ahƒ bm{Xt]mepw ]d-bmsX s]mbv°-f-™p. F¥n-\mWv Pmkvan≥ Aßs\ {]h¿Øn-®-sX∂v Abmƒ°v a\- n-em-bn-√. Ahƒ°v kzIm-cy-ambn A\p-`-hn-®p-Xo¿°m≥ Fs¥-¶nepw k¶Sw D≠m-bn-cn-°mw. A∂v cm{Xn ]pgbpw ac-°q-´ß - fpw sImgn-bmØ Cebp-sams° kz]v\-Øn¬ hcp-sa∂v Icp-Xn-b-t∏m-gmWv \K-cØn¬ \n∂p aIs‚ t^m¨ h∂-Xv. A—m dnb¬- F- t Év ] w‡n- b n¬ \ΩpsS hoSv hn¬°m≥ Rms\mcp ]ckyw sImSp-Øn-cp-∂p. Hcp \√ ]m¿´n HØp-h-∂p. Rm≥ tNmZn® hne -X∂v Ah¿ I®hSw Dd-∏n-®p. cPn-kvt{S-j\ - p≈ tUmIyp-sa‚ vkv A—≥ FSpØp-sh-bv°W - w. ASpØ Xn¶-fmgvN Rm≥ Imdp-ambn hcpw. ChnsS A—\p {]tXyIambn Hcp apdn R߃ Hcp°n sh®n-´p-≠v. PmeIw Xpd-∂n-´m¬ Ão¬ ^mIvS-dn-bpsS ]pI-°pgepw kb-d-\p-sams° ]pXnb A\p-`-h-am-bn-cn-°pw. \K-cØns‚ IY- ]-d-bm\pw A—\v Ign-b-W-a-t√m. ]n∂sØ kwkm-c-sam∂pw Abmƒ {i≤n-®-tX-bn-√. ac-W-Øns‚ aq∂m-asØ hc-hn-\p≈ Hc-h-k-c-ambn

20

28

\n߃°v Cu kμ¿`w tXm∂n-bn-´p-s≠-¶n¬ sX‰n. CØcw \qdp-\qdp kμ¿`-߃ IpSpw-_-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ Abmƒ A\p`-hn-®p-Ig- n-™X - m-W.v As∂ms° t£m`-an-√msX £a-tbmsS Btcbpw apdn-th¬∏n-°msX Ign™ \mfp-I-fn¬ Abm-ƒ ]q¿Æ Btcm-Ky-hm\mbn-cp-∂p. AØcw hnIm-c-hn-t£m-`߃s°m∂pw Abm-fpsS a\- ns\ Zp¿_-es - ∏-Sp-Øm≥ Ignbp-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. Abm-fpsS IW-°p-Iq-´¬ A\p-k-cn®v ac-W-Øns‚ aq∂mw-h-chv Cß-s\-bm-hm-\mWv Ct∏m-gsØ km[y-X. Pmkvan≥ Xma-kn-bmsX Ah-fpsS hnhm-l-Øns‚ £W-]-{X-hp-ambn hcpw. lrZ-b-Øn-te°v Hcp- hm-fp-t]mse B Ipdn-am\w Ahƒ \o´n-]n-Sn-°pw. kzXth Inep-ßm-dp≈ Ah-fpsS Ip∏n-h-f-Iƒ \ni-_vZ-am-Ipw. ]ns∂ Ahƒ ]d-bpw. amsj, hnS. Rm≥ `¿Ør-Kr-l-Øn-te°v bm{X-bmhp-∂p. A\p-{Klw thWw. kwh-’-c-ß-fpsS h\-hm-khpw GIm-¥X - bpw hn[n-°s - ∏´ amj°v Fs‚ Ncn-{X-hn-Zym¿∞n\n-bpsS thjw Hcp km¥z-\-ambn tXm∂n-bn-cn-°mw. Rm\m -thjw Agn-®p-sh-®n´v h[p-hns‚ thjw Nm¿Øp-I-bm-Wv. Pohn-Xk - m-Kc - Ø - nse ]Ie]cm-”ß - f - psS k©m-cØ - n\v Chsfmcp ]mZw apt∂m´v shbv°-s´. Cu kμ¿`-Øn¬ acWw aq∂mw {]mhiyw hcp-sa∂v Abmƒ°p-d∏ - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. aq∂mw-{]m-hi - y-sa-∂m¬ Z emÃv F∂p-IqSn A¿∞-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. A∂v cm{Xn Dd-ßm≥ Ign-bpw F∂p \n\-°m-sXbmWv Abmƒ InS-∂X - v. kz]v\`- h - \w A\y-am-Ip-∂p. Chn-SpsØ Dd°w FÆs∏-´-Xm-Wv. Pmkvans‚ hchv FÆ-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. a°-fpsS kvt\lw FÆ-s∏-´-Xm-Wv. KWn-X-Øn\v BsIsamØw H‰cq-]-ta-bp-≈q, k¶-e-\w. em`w In´m≥ \nc-¥cw Iq´n-s°m≠n-cn-°p-I-bmWv Ime-N-{I-Øns‚ {`aWw t]mepw. s]s´∂v kpJ-ap≈ Hcm-ekyw A\p-`-h-s∏-´p. Xmcm´p-t]mse Hcp cmKw ImXp-I-fn¬ AXn`oI-c-ambn apg-ßns°m-≠n-cp-∂p. Hcp s]mßp-XSn t]mse I\w Ipd-™p Ipd™v ]d-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv t]mse tXm∂n. \√ \nemhv. \nem-hn¬ sX∂n-sØ∂n hogp∂ Hmf߃ IS-∂p-sN-√p-tºmƒ ]pg-tbm-csØ Ce-sIm-gn™ ac°q-´ß - ƒ°n-Sb - nse Hcp ac-Øn-ep-≠m-bn-cp∂ Ah-km-\sØ Ce AS¿∂v hmbp-hn¬ h´w Id-ßn kmh-[m\w ]p¬∏-c∏n-te°v ]Xn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. * * *

kmln-Xy-Im-c≥ Xnc-s™-Sp-°p∂ hnjbw AbmfpsS ]Iz-Xsb B{i-bn-®m-Wn-cn-°p-∂X - .v Ccp-]Xv hb- n¬ t{]a-Km-\-߃ cNn-°pw. ap∏Xv hb- mIp-tºm-g-tØ°v A¬]w XØz-Nn¥ IS-∂p-h-cpw. \m¬]Xv Ign-bp-tºmƒ temI-Øn-s‚bpw a\p-jy-h¿K-Øn-s‚bpw {]iv\ß - f - mIpw hnj-bw. ap¬°v cmPv B\μv


ac-XI XpIn¬ Np‰n ae-c-Wn-™mSpw sIm®p ae-bm-f-am-sW≥ Xd-hm-Sv-˛-]≠p amthen ]I¿s∂mcp kar-≤n-X≥ k¶¬∏-Øn¬ a\-kp-I-sfm-∂mbv hmgpw \mSv

sh´n-am-t‰-≠s - X¥v ? (Ci¬ sI v)

H.-Fw. Icp-hm-c-Ip-≠v

tIc-߃ Xmgn-I-s∏m≥IpSw XqIn-®-a™v ImSp-Iƒ taSp-Ifpw lcn-Xm` sNmcn™v t\cn\pw s\dn-s°∂pw amXr-I-bmbv ]pe¿∂v \∑-X≥ Cf-\o-cn≥ a[p-cna ]I¿∂v tIc-f-sa∂ Io¿Øn ]c-∂nt√˛Im-cp-Wy-Øn≥ ssIØn-cn-tb¥n HØWn tN¿∂n-t√-˛-a-Xw-PmXn th¿Xn-cn®p I≠n-SmsX thZ-\-Iƒ ]¶n-´n-t√. Hcp-a-X≥ sXfn-\o-e-Ø-Sm-I-Øn¬ Acp-XmØ ]mjmWw Ie-°n-bX - m-cv˛- \ - ™v HØncn th≠m F∂pw ae-bm-f-a-Æn¬ aX kulm¿±-at√ BWn-thcv {Iqc-X -J¬_p-I-fn¬ \n∂p sh´n-am-‰oSmw IjvSX I≠-enbpw a\- p-Iƒ t]m‰oSmw Btcm-a¬ dkq-ens‚ A[ym-]-\-tam¿ØoSmw Bcnepw kvt\l-Øns‚ a[p-cna XqInSmw `mc-X-sa∂ t]cn-e-`n-am-\-]q-cn-X-ambv Xoc-W-a-¥:cwK-a-sX∂t√ Ihn-samgn tIc-fs - a∂p tI´mtem tNmc XpSn-°Ww Rc-ºn¬.

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hyXy- k v X - a mb bm{X- I ƒ e£y-an-´p-sIm≠v ae-∏pdw Pn√-bnse Imfn-Im-hn¬ bm{X°q´w F∂ t]cn¬ Hcp Iq´mbv a cq]o- I - c n- ® Xv Cu ASpØ Ime-Øm-Wv. bm{X-Iƒ CjvSs∏-Sp-∂-h-cpsS Cu Iq´mbva CXn-t\mSIw Ahn-kva-c-Wo-b-am-b- \n-c-h[n bm{X-Iƒ \S-Øn-°-gn-™p. F¶nepw Z£n-tW-¥y-bnse Imivao¿ F∂-dn-bs∏-Sp∂ I¿Æm-S-I-Ønse IpS-In-te°p≈ bm{X CXn¬ thdn-´p-\n¬°p∂p. sabv 13 \v hymgmgvN ]pe¿s® 4.20 \mWv Imfn-Im-hn¬ \n∂v Hcp Iam≥U¿ Po∏n¬ R߃ Bdw-KkwLw, Ip´n-°mew apX¬ tI´p-]-cnNbw am{X-ap≈ IpSIv F∂ hnZqc tZi-Øns‚ kv]μ-\ß - f - n-te°v bm{X Bcw-`n-®Xv. bm{Xm kwL-Øn¬ Ccp]sØ-´p-h-b- p≈ ^¿jmZpw Fgp-]Øn-b©p hb- p≈ aPo-Zm°bpw {]mb-hy-Xym-k-an-√msX bm{X-bpsS {Xn¬ Bkz-Zn-°m-\p≈ Hcp-°-Øn-emWv. tIc-f-˛-X-an-gv\mSv AXn¿Ønbnse hgn-°-Shv Npc-Øns‚ Nph-´n¬ A¬]-t\cw \nkvI-cn-°m\pw a‰p-ambn... ]n∂oSv tLmc-h-\-߃ \nd™ \mSp-Im-Wn-bn-te-°p≈ hf-™p-]pf™ hgn- b n- e qsS R߃ bm{X XpS¿∂p. Npc-Øn-eqsS IS-∂pt]m-Ip∂ bm{Xn-I¿°v ckw-]I-cp-∂X - n-\p-th≠n Iq‰≥ ]mdI-fn¬ hc-®p-≠m-°nb `oam-Imc-ßf - mb Nn{X-߃ R߃°v ip`-bm-{Xm-iw-kIƒ t\¿∂p. \mSp-Im-Wn-bn-se-Øn-bt∏mƒ D®-`m-jn-Wn-bn-eqsS Xangv `‡n-Km-\ß - ƒ R߃ °v \thm-t∑jw ]I¿∂p-sIm ≠v Hgp-In-sb-Øm≥ XpS-ßn. \\pØ a™n- \ n- S - b n- e qsS ]pd-In¬ Iøpw-sI´n \S-∂p-\oßp∂ kv{XoIfpw ]pcp-j≥amcpw. \mep-In-tem-ao-‰¿ IqSn Ign-™-t∏mƒ a™ns‚ I´n IqSn-h-cp-∂-Xmbn A\p-`-h-s∏´p. tdmUns‚ CS-Xp-`mKw apgph≥ Hcp sh≈-\ndw am{Xw. icn°pw a™ns‚ Hcp IS¬. B AKm-[-X-bn-te°v t\m °pw-tXmdpw Adn-bmsX Hcp

22

30

a™-Wn™ kpμ-cn-bpsS s\dp-I-bnse lna-IWw tXSn...

Knco-jv amtc-ß-e-Øv


Rßfpw Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤-amb Imth-cn-bpsS amdn-eqsS ]Xps° A°sc \S-∂p-Ib-dn. Nne kμ¿i-I¿ t_m´p-k-hm-cn-bn¬ B\μw Is≠-Øp-∂p. B\-Isf sI´n-bnSp∂ Iq‰≥ ac-Øq-Wp-Iƒ Hcp IuXp-I-Im-gvN-bm-bn-cp-∂p. tabm≥hn´ B\-Iƒ \mepa-Wn-°p-ti-jta Xncn-s®-Øp-I-bp≈q F∂v \m´p-Im¿ ]d-™p. A{X-t\cw \n¬°m≥ kabw A\p-h-Zn-°m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ R߃ Zp_m-sc-bn¬ \n∂v aS-°-bm{X Bcw-`n-®p. CXn\n-S-bn¬ H∂p-c-≠m-fpIƒ Imthco kv\m\-Øn\pw kabw Is≠-Øn. `oXn D≈n¬ h∂p-\n-db - p-∂X - p-t]m-se. "tZhm- e - b mWv tamt\, CXv . CXv a™ns‚ tZiob ktΩ-f\ - w Znhtkmw \S-°p∂ ÿem...' ss{Uh-dpsS ÿehn-hc - W - w. tNc-ºm-Sn-bnse-Øn-b-t∏mƒ h≠n-bpsS thKX A¬]-sam∂v Ipd™p. "ChnsS B\-Isf ImWm≥ km[y-X-bp≠v' ˛_jo¿ amÃ-dpsS ap∂-dn-bn-∏v. apXp-ae h\y-ar-K-kw-c£W tI{μ-Øns‚ Hcp sNdnb `mKw AhnsS ASp-Øp-≠s - {X. GXm-bmepw `mKyw. H∂n-t\bpw I≠n-√. h≠n ]Xps° ho≠pw tIc-fØn- t e- ° v . hb- \ m- ´ nse aps∏\mSv ]©m-b-Øn-eqsS, hSp-h≥Nm¬ hgn ta∏m-Sn-bn-se-Øn-b-t∏mƒ kabw 8 aWn. tXbn-e-tØm-´-߃ \nd™ ta∏m-Sn-bn-eqsS I¬∏-‰-bn-te°v Po∏v \oßn. ta∏m-Sn-bn¬ \n∂v Ggv Intemao-‰¿ - AIse ÿnXn sNøp-∂, sN{º]o°v Rß-sf Hcp {S°nwKn\v £Wn°p-∂-Xp-t]mse tXm∂n. hb-\m-Sp-Pn√-bnse G‰hpw henb sImSp-ap-Sn-bmWs{X sN{º. ta∏m-Sn-bn¬ \n∂v ho≠pw 12 In.-ao. hb-\m-Sns‚ Pn√m -B-ÿm-\amb I¬∏‰ Rßsf hc-th-‰p. hb\m-´nse I¬∏-‰bpw CSp-°n-bnse ss]\mhpw am{Xta Pn√-bpsS t]cne- √ mØ Bÿm- \ - ß - f p- ≈ q- s h∂v kvIqfn¬ ]Tn-®-tXm¿Ω h∂p. ho≠pw 30 Intem-ao-‰¿, am\¥-hm-Sn-bn-te-°v. Ahn-S∂v 10. In.-ao. Ign-™m-se-Øp∂ Im´n-°pfw hgn tXm¬s∏´n h\y- a rK kwc- £ W tI{μ-Øn-eqsS Po∏v ]Xps° \oßn. CS-Xp-h-iØv Hcp Ce-b-\-ßn-tbm..? B... Hcp Im´p-t]mØv Po∏ns‚ i_vZw tI´v Xncn-™p-\-S-°m-s\m-cp-ßp-I-bmWv.

AXn¿Øn IS-∂-t∏mƒ Ip´ F∂p t]cp≈ Hcp sIm®p-{Km-aw. Ipsd IpØn- h - c - I ƒ F∂p- a m{Xw tXm∂n- ∏ n- ° p∂ Fs¥m- s °tbm IpØn-°p-dn® Iptd t_m¿Up-Iƒ. shdpw 27 In.-an. k©-cn-®-t∏m-tg°pw ae-bm-f-hp-ambn Hcp kmay-hp-an-√m-Ø, Xo¿Øpw A\y-amb Hcp `mj-bp-sSbpw kwkvIm-cØ - n-s‚bpw sI´p-]m-Sp-Iƒ°IØv h∂p-s]-´X - p-t]m-se. `mc-Xs - a∂ alm- c m- P y- Ø ns‚ "\m\m- X z- Ø n¬ GIXzw' F{X al-Ø-c-sa∂v a\- ntem¿Øp. Ip´- Ø p- \ n∂v tKmWn- ° p∏ tdmUn¬ 6 In.-ao. Ign™v Ccn-∏p-sh≈-®m-´-Øn-te°v 3 In.-ao. Xncn-™pt]m-Ww. CSp-ßnb Nne hgn-Iƒ - ]n∂n´p. CS-Xp-`m-KØv Hcp tIm´-t]mse Db¿∂p- \ n¬°p∂ ae- \ n- c - I - f psS Xmgvhc - b - n¬, Zqsc \n∂p-hc - p∂ bm{XnIsc {]Xo-£n-®p-\n¬Ip-∂X - p-t]mse Hcp t£{Xw. Ccn∏pt£{X-Øn-\-cnIn¬ h≠n \ndpØn. Hcp Iw^¿´v tÃj≥, H∂p-c≠p IS-Iƒ, hoSp-Isfm∂pw {i≤-bn¬ s]´n-√. Ahn-S∂v Ac Intem-ao-‰t- dmfw h\-Øn-eqsS \S°-Ww. kμ¿i-I¿°mbn sh≈-®m-´Øn-\-cn-In¬ Ipd®v Ccn-∏n-S-߃ Hcp°n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. th\¬Im-e-am-b-Xn\m¬ saen-™p-W-ßn-sbmcp tImew am{X-ambn Ccn∏p amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ipd®p k©m-cn-Iƒ D≈ sh≈-Øn¬ Ipfn°m\p≈ Xøm-sd-Sp-∏n-em-W.v "Hm... CXp ImWm\mtWm C{X FS-tßdmbn Ctßm-´p-h∂ - X - v..?' aPo-Zm°ms‚ Ia‚ v. "t\m°ow Ah-sSmcp kmbn∏pw aZmtΩw. Ahcp h∂nt√?' alvkqw amjv Biz-kn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-I-bmWv. "Ahcv FhntSw FØpw. kΩ-Xn°-Ww. t√... PohnXw Bkz-Zn-°p-∂h¿..!'

h≠n ]ns∂bpw bm{X XpS-cpI-bm-Wv. tKmWn-°p∏, kn≤m-]pcw hgn 64 Intem-ao-‰¿ ]n∂n´v Zp_msc B\-]nSpØ ]-cn-io-e\ tI{μ-Øn-seØn-b-t∏mƒ ka-bw 2.30. B... CS°v tKmWn-°p-∏-bn¬ \n∂v D®-`-£Ww Ign-®q-t´m... \√ \mS≥ tIc-fob `£Ww. IpSIv Pn√-bn¬ Adp-]Xv iXam\w ae-bm-fn-If - mWv. `qcn-`mKw tlm´ep-Ifpw ae-bm-fn-I-fp-tSXv Xs∂. Imthcn \Zo-Xo-cØp ÿnXnsN-øp∂ {]kn-≤-amb B\-]nSpØ ]cn-io-e\ IymºmWv Zp_m-sc. \ZnbpsS A°- s c- b mWv ]cn- i o- e \ tI{μw. sh≈-Øns‚ Hgp°p Ipd-™Xn-\m¬, \Zn-bpsS IpdpsI cq]-s∏´ ]md-If - n¬ Nhn´n kμ¿i-I¿ A∏pdw IS-°p-∂p-≠v. Rßfpw Ncn-{X-{]-kn-≤amb Imth-cn-bpsS amdn-eqsS ]Xps° A°sc \S-∂p-I-b-dn. Nne kμ¿iI¿ t_m´p-kh - m-cn-bn¬ B\μw Is≠Øp-∂p. B\-Isf sI´n-bn-Sp∂ Iq‰≥ ac-Øq-Wp-Iƒ Hcp IuXp-I-Im-gvN-bmbn-cp-∂p. tabm≥hn´ B\-Iƒ \mepa-Wn-°p-ti-jta Xncn-s®-Øp-I-bp≈q F∂v \m´p-Im¿ ]d-™p. A{X-t\cw \n¬°m≥ kabw A\p-hZ- n-°m-ØX - n\m¬ R߃ Zp_m-sc-bn¬ \n∂v aS°-bm{X Bcw-`n-®p. CXn-\n-Sb - n¬ H∂pc-≠m-fpIƒ Imthcokv\m\-Øn\pw kabw Is≠-Øn. Imcy-ambn ]cn-Ncn-°s - ∏-Sm-sX-sb-∂t- ]mse InS-°p∂ Hcp ]pcm-X\ t£{Xhpw AhnsS I≠p. Zp_m-sc-bn¬ \n∂v 12 In.-an. Ipim¬\K¿ dq´n¬ k©- c n- ® m¬ as‰mcp hnt\m-Z-k-©mc tI{μ-amb Imthcn \nk¿KvKZ- m-ab - n-se-Øp-sa∂v ss{Uhdpw bm{X-bpsS tIm˛-Hm¿Un-t\‰- d p- a mb Dkv a m≥ AS- ° m- I p≠v R߃°v kqN\ X∂p. h≠n ssl th-bn-eqsS AXym-hiyw thK-X-bn¬

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12 In.-an. ]n∂n-´p. "B...Cu ImWp-∂XmWv ]d-b-s∏´ ÿew'. Dkvams‚ hm°p- t I´v R߃ Dudn- ® n- c n- ® p. ImcWw Aß-s\-sbmcp hnt\m-Z-k©m-c tI{μ-Øns‚ e£-W-sam∂pw Ahn-sS-sbm∂pw ImWp-∂n-√. kwi-b\n-hm-cWw hcpØn D≈n-te°v Po∏v \oßn. ÿew CXp-X-s∂. IjvSw. Cw•o-jn¬ Hcp t_m¿Up-t]m-ep-an-√. Ch- c psS `mjm- k v t \lw Ipd®p ISp∏w Xs∂. sXm´-Xpw ]nSn-®-Xpsams° Cw•ojvab-am°n am‰n-s°m≠n-cn-°p∂ \Ωƒ ae-bm-fn-Iƒ I≠p]-Tn-t°-≠X - mWv Ch-cpsS amXr-`mjm kvt\lw F∂v a\- n-tem¿sØ-¶nepw Hcp s]mXp-`m-jsb ]msS Ah-K-Wn°p-∂Xv henb _p≤n-ap-´p-Iƒ hcpØn-Xo¿°p-sa∂v Ahn-SsØ Poh-\°msc Hm¿Ω-s∏-Sp-Øn-b-Xn-\p-ti-jamWv R߃ AIØp Ib-dn-b-Xv. \nk¿KvK- Z ma F∂m¬ ss\k¿KnI h\w. apf-bmWv \nk¿§Zm-ab - psS apJ-ap-{Z. a\p-jy-\p-ambn hfsc-b[ - nIw CW-ßn-Po-hn-°p∂ am≥Iq´-ßfpw Ipc-ßp-h¿§-ßfpw Chn-SsØ {][m\ BI¿j-W-am-Wv. IpS-Ip-a-ebnse A]q¿Δ-bn\w Hm¿°n-Up-Isf hI-Xn-cn®p \´p-h-f¿Øn-bn-cn-°p∂ "Hm¿°n-tU-dnbw', B\-kh - m-cn, apf-¶p´-ß-fn¬ sI´n-bp-≠m-°n-bn-cn-°p∂ Gdp-am-S-߃, sIm®p-t_m-´p-I-fnse k©m-cw F∂nh Chn-tS°v k©m-cnI-sf BI¿jn-°p-∂p. \nk¿§-Zm-asb ap°m¬`m-Khpw Np‰n-s°m≠v Imthcn \Zn Hgp-Ip-∂p-sh-∂Xpw Chn-SsØ Hcp {]tXy-I-X-bm-Wv. Hcp-]mSv kn\na-I-fpsS jq´nwKv ChnsS \S-°m-dp-≠s{X. F√m-hcpw B\-kh - mcn \S-Ønb tijw ho≠pw bm{X XpS¿∂p. \nk¿§-Zm-a-bn¬ \n∂v 2 In.ao. Ign-™m¬ Ipim¬\-K¿. Ahn-S∂v 3 In.-ao. IqSn bm{X-bp≠v ss_e-°p-

24

∏-bn-te°v. ss_e-°p∏ hyXy-kvXamb Hcp temI-amWv R߃°p-apºn¬ Xpd-∂-Xv. k\ym-kn-amsc I≠n´p-≠.v ]s£, Nph∏pw a™bpw bqWnt^m-a-Wn™v Xe-ap-fi\w sNbvXv ss_°n¬ Nodn-∏m-bp∂ k\ym-knamsc ImWp- ∂ Xv BZy- a m- b m- W v . ]n∂oSv t\m°p-∂n-S-sØ√mw AtX thj-Øn¬, AtX tIme-Øn¬... \nch[n k\ym-kn-am¿. Rß-fpsS IuXpIw A[nIw \o≠p-\n-∂n-√. ap∂n¬ I¿Æm-SI t]meo-kv. "t]Sn-°≠ amtj... F√m tcJ-Ifpw ¢nb-dm...' ss{Uh¿ ss[cyw X∂p. ss{Uhdpw Cw•ojv kwkm-cn°m≥ _jo¿amjpw Cd-ßn-s®-∂p. "F√mw sdUn Xs∂, ]s£... I¿ÆmS-Ibn¬ k©-cn-°m≥ "]mkv' FhnsS? ]mtkm, k¿... CXv ss{]h‰v h≠nbt√?' "t\m...-ss{]-h-‰n\pw thWw... FSp°v 500'. "k¿, Abmw F dn´tb¿Uv So®¿'. _jo¿ am- à ¿ ]ns∂bpw h√ I®n- Ø p- c pºpw In´ptam F∂ {]Xo-£b - n-em-Wv. "B... F¶n¬ Hcp \qdv AS®v ÿew hnt´mfq..' Aßs\ I¿Æm-SI k¿°mcn\v In´n-bm¬ ImWmw... 100 cq] kw`mh\ \¬In ho≠pw bm{X XpS¿∂p. ss_e-°p∏ ]mew IS-∂-t∏mƒ Zqsc Ipsd tKm]p-c-ß-fpsS Xe Db¿∂p ImWm≥ XpS-ßn. kmbm” kqcys‚ s]m≥In-cW - ß - t- f‰v sh´n-Øn-fß - p∂ kph¿Æ-tKm-]p-c-߃... Rß-fpsS BImw£ D®-ÿm-bn-bnem-bn. \ofØn¬ sI´n- b p- ≠ m- ° nb Iq‰≥ aXn¬sI- ´ n- \ - c n- I n- e qsS h≠n ]m¿°nwKv Gcn-b-bn-te°v \oßn. h≠n ]m¿°v sNbvXv Ia-\o-b-ambn Ae-¶c - n® IhmSw IS∂v AI-Øp-sN∂- t ∏mƒ icn°pw sR´n- t ∏m- b n. Fßpw sh´n-Øn-fß - p∂ sam´-Øe - I - -

fp-ambn k\ym-kn-°p-´n-Iƒ. taml≥emens‚ "tbm≤'°v Sn°-s‰-Sp-°msX ho≠pw Ib-dnb {]Xo-Xn. ]Øp-hb p XnI-bmØ Ip´n-Iƒ°pw htbmhr-≤¿°pw Htc thjw, Htc `mhw. Hcp Cfw ]p©ncn F√m-hcpw Hcpt]mse Np≠n¬ ImØp-kq-£n-°p∂p. \o≠p-In-S-°p∂ \me-©p-\n-e-Ifp≈ Iq‰≥ A∏m¿´p-sa‚p-Iƒ. HcnSØpw Agp-°p-]p-c≠ Hcp hkvXphpw ImWp-∂n-√. Hc-hi - n-jSv w-t]mepw Fßpan-√. a\- p-t]mse Xs∂ ]cn-kc - hpw hrØn- b mbn kq£n- ° - W - s a∂v \njvI¿j-bp-≈X - p-t]m-se. A¬]w AIse \n∂v Iq\n°qSn h∂ Hcp hr≤-k-\ym-kn-tbmSv t^mt´m°v t]mkv sNømtam F∂v tNmZn-®Xv ISpØ Bi-¶t- bm-sS-bm-W.v Hcp {]iv\-hp-ap-≠m-bn-√. ^¿jmZpw aPo-Zm-°bpw At±-lt- ØmsSm-∏a - n-cp∂v Hcp t^mt´m-sb-Sp-Øp. sNdp-∏° - m-cmb k\ym-kn-amsc I≠-∏gm ckw. BWmtWm, s]Æm tWm F∂v Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ Hcp \nhrØn-bp-an-√. F√m-hcpw Hcp-t]mse. kv{XoI-fpsS apJ-ku-μ-cy-ap≈ ]pcpj≥am¿. kv{XoIsf A[n-I-sam∂pw ]pd-Øp-I-≠-Xp-an-√. A¬]w- I qSn \S- ∂ - t ∏mƒ ap∂n¬ kph¿Æ-t£-{Xw. kz¿Æh¿Æ-߃ {]`-sNm-cn-bp∂ t£{XØns‚ ap≥h- i Øv Hcp Iq‰≥ t^mt´m. FhnsStbm I≠p-ad - ∂ Hcp apJw. "B...-AXv Zsse-emabm' alv kqw amjv Hm¿Ωn-∏n-®p. t£{X-Øn-\I - Øv sN√p-∂X - phsc tIhew IuXp-I-am-Wp-≠m-bn-cp∂-sX-¶n¬, D≈n¬ sN∂-t∏mƒ AXv AXy-¤p-Xa - mbn amdn. hnim-ea - m-sbmcp lmƒ. FXn¿`n-Øn-bn¬ aq∂v ]Sp-Iq‰≥ hn{K-lß - ƒ. X\n- X¶ \ndw. IÆv a-™-fn-®p-t]m-bn. Adp-]-XSn Db-c-ap-

Aßs\ I¿Æm-SI k¿°m-cn\v In´n-bm¬ ImWmw... 100 cq] kw`m-h\ \¬In ho≠pw bm{X XpS¿∂p. ss_e-°p∏ ]mew IS-∂-t∏mƒ Zqsc Ipsd tKm]p-c-ß-fpsS Xe Db¿∂p ImWm≥ XpS-ßn. kmbm” kqcys‚ s]m≥In-c-W-ß-tf‰v sh´n-Øn-f-ßp∂ kph¿Æ-tKm-]p-c-߃... Rß-fpsS BImwj D®-ÿm-bn-em-bn. \of-Øn¬ sI´n-bp-≠m°nb Iq‰≥ aXn¬sI-´n-\-cn-In-eqsS h≠n ]m¿°nwKv Gcn-b-bn-te°v \oßn.

32


≠s{X Cu hn{K-l-߃°v. {io_pte°v \S-∂p. Sn_-‰≥ kpμ-cn-Iƒ IqSn- b m- W v . AºXv ssa¬ Zqcw ≤≥, ]fl-kw-`h - , Aan-Xm-bp- v. _p≤lnam- e - b - Ø n- \ - ∏ p- d sØ IuXpI Imthcn IpSIv Pn√-bn¬ IqSn Hgp-Ipa-X-Ønse aq∂v al-Xvhy-‡n-I-fpsS hkvXp-°-fp-ambn Rß-sfbpw {]Xo∂p-≠v. sImS-h≥am¿ F∂ lnμpCu {]Xn-a-Iƒ°p ap-∂n-en-cp∂v {]m¿ £n-s®-∂X - p-t]mse Ccn-°p-∂p-≠m-bn£{Xnb hn`m-K° - m-cpsS \mSmWv IpS∞n-°m≥ Ccn-∏n-Sß - ƒ Hcp-°n-bn-cn°pcp-∂p. ]s£, F√m-Øn\pw sXm´m¬ Iv . HIv t Sm- _ ¿ amk- Ø n¬ Zkv d ∂p. Nph-cp-Iƒ Sn_-‰≥ in¬]-Nn-{Xs]m≈p∂ hne. Hcp hnidn am{Xw BtLmjw apX- e mWv IpS- I nse I-eb - psS DØ-aa - m-XrIIfmbn Ae-¶hmßn Po∏n¬ Ib-dn. t\cw k‘y-aSqdnkw kok¨ Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. cn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. t^mt´m-sb-Sp-°m≥ b-ßn-Øp-S-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Po∏v aS-°]≈n- b nse apJy- ] p- t cm- l nBZyw aSn-s®-¶nepw AØcw \nb-{¥bm{X Bcw-`n-°p-Ib - m-Wv. h¿Æ-s°mXs‚ hm°p-I-fn-eqsS IpS-Ins‚ NcnW-ßs - fm∂pw Ahn-sS-bn√ F∂ XncnSnbpw kph¿Æ- t Km- ] p- c - ß fpw {X-˛k - m-aq-lnI ]›m-Øew CXƒ hncn®-dnhv R߃°v Bth-i-am-bn. ImgvNbn¬ \n∂v ad-bp-I-bm-Wv. Zqsc, bp-Ib - m-W.v Ahn-S∂v ]pd-Øn-d-ßn H∂pB aXn¬sI-´n-\p-≈n¬ \n∂v Btcm "A_n- ^ mƒkn¬ Ct∏mƒ IqSn tate°v t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ Ahn"A°p-tk-t´m...' F∂p hnfn-®p-thm...? A[nIw sh≈-an-√. \n߃°p-th-WsS-bXm as‰mcp A¤p-XI - mgvN. t£{XIpim¬\-K-dn¬ \n∂v kn≤msa-¶n¬ am¥ƒ∏-´n-bn¬ t]mhmw. \n tKm-]pcw \ndsb IrXy-amb AI-e]pcw hgn hocm-Pvt]-´-bn-te-°v, 45. In.ß-fpsS aq∂m-dp-t]mse at\m-lc - a - mb Øn¬ `oam-Im-c-amb tX\o-®-°q-Spao. 1792 ¬ tkmUm-ho-c-cmP \n¿Ωn® {]tZ-ia - m-WXv'. Iƒ... Hcp t]md-ep-t]m-ep-ta¬°mCu ]´Ww "IpS-Ins‚ ]Sn-∏pc' sb∂Ncn{Xw am{X-a-√, IrXy-amb sX... Aøm-bn-cNne Znim-kq-NI - tØmfw k∂ym߃IqSn ]I¿ kn-am¿ IrXy-X∂p-\¬In-bmWv tImSn-a-e-\mSv ' BWv IpSIv Bbn amdn-b-Xv. ]›na L´-Ønse bm¿∂ Nn´-h-´Ah¿ Rßsf Hcp kp{]- [ m\ {]tZ- i - a mb IpSIv Imthcn \Zn- b psS ß-fp-ambn bm{X-bm-°n-bX - .v ] T \ w Po∏v ]Xps° Iym®vsa‚v Gcnb IqSn-bm-Wv. AºXv ssa¬ Zqcw Imthcn \n¿Δ-ln-°p∂ IpS-Ins‚ Pn√m IpSIv Pn√-bn¬ IqSn Hgp-Ip-∂p-≠v. sImS-h≥am¿ F∂ lnμpss_e-°p-∏bp Bÿm- \ - a mb sS bYm¿∞ {] aSn-t°cn e£y£{Xnb hn`m-K-°m-cpsS \mSmWv IpS-Iv. HIvtSm-_¿ amkXo-Is - a-t∂mWw am°n \oßn. Øn¬ Zkvd BtLmjw apX-emWv IpS-Inse Sqdnkw kok¨ B tX\o-®-°qaqS¬a- ™ ns‚ Sp-Iƒ k©m-cnt\¿Ø Hcm- h Bcw-`n-°p-∂-Xv. Isf hc-th¬ cWw ap∂n-ep≈ °pw. ImgvN-Isf A Acp- W mhy-‡a - m-°n-Øo N¬ {]tZiv Ign-™m¬ C ¥y-bn¬ dn-bs - ∏-Sp-∂p. C\n-sbm∂v Xe Nmbv°¿Øn-cn-°p-∂p. hocm-Pvt]-´-bn¬ \n∂v G‰-hp-a[ - nIw Sn_‰v hwi-Pc - p≈ ÿeWw. t\csØ Xs∂, R߃°p-d30 In.-ao. IpS-Ins‚ `c-W-kn-cm-tI{μw amWv ss_e-°p-∏. 1949 ¬ ssN\ ßm≥ Hcp apkvenw Bcm-[\ - m-eb - Ø - n{]h¿Øn-°p∂, kap-{Z-\n-c∏ - n¬ \n∂v Sn_-‰ns\ B{I-an-®-t∏mƒ A∂sØ te°v £W-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. sslμ-h3800 ASn Db-c-Øn¬ ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ {]apJ _p≤- k - ∂ ym- k n- b m- b n- c p∂ \mb Fs∂-°qSn Dƒs°m-≈p∂ B aSn-t°-cn-bn-te°v R߃ {]th-in-°pt{]a-s\m¿_p dnwt]m-s®-bpsS t\Xrhnim-ea - \ - k - vIX - b - psS BXn-Yy-Øn¬ tºmƒ \Kcw DW¿∂p-Xp-S-ßp-tX-bpXz-Øn¬ C¥y-bn-te°v ]em-b\w Xe Nmbv®v A∂p-cm{Xn kpJ-am-bp-d≈q. sNbvX _p≤-kwLw Acp-Wm-N¬ ßn. cmPmkv ko‰v ˛- A-XmWv BZy {]tZ-inepw ]n∂oSv 1963 ¬ ss_e]nt‰∂v cmhnseXs∂ Fgpe£yw. IpS-Inse cmPm-°≥am¿, Xß°p-∏b - n-ep-sa-Øn-sb∂v Ncn-{Xw. shdpw t∂-‰p. XWp∏v Imcy-am-bn-´n-√. IpS-In¬ fpsS kmbm-”ß - ƒ Nne-hg - n-°p-∂X - naq∂qdv cq]-bpsS aqe-[-\-hp-ambn XpSth\¬Im-eØv 25 Un{Kn sk¬jykv \p-th≠n sN∂n-cn-°m-dp≈ ÿe-amßnb Cu _p≤-tI{μw C∂v ap∏-XnapX¬ 35 Un{Kn sk¬jykv hsc Ws{X CXv. Sn°-s‰-SpØv AI-Øp-I\m-bncw G°-dn¬ ]c-∂p-In-S-°p∂ ˛ anX-amb NqSpw, XWp-∏p-Im-eØv 15 b- d n. sNdp- s X- ¶ nepw at\m- l - c - a mtImtfPpw Bip-]-{Xnbpw hsc-bp≈ apX¬ 20 Un{Kn sk¬jykv hsc sbmcp ]qt¥m-´w. A¬]w-IqSn \S-°p˛ Hcp _rlXv Bhm-k-tI-{μ-ambn anX-amb XWp-∏p-amWv A\p-`-h-s∏-Smtºmƒ sI´n-bp-≠m-°nb kna‚ v Kymeamdn-bXv IrXy-amb Bkq-{X-WØ - ns‚ dp-≈-Xv. dn-Ifpw Itk-c-Ifpw. Ahn-S-∂mWv ^ew Xs∂-bm-sW-∂-Xn¬ kwi-b-an"tImSn-a-e-\mSv' BWv IpSIv Xmtg°p t\mt°-≠-Xv. tlm... Ahn√. Bbn amdn-b-Xv. ]›na L´-Ønse iz-k\ - o-bw. IpSIns‚ ]c-∂p-In-S° - p∂ Ahn-S∂v ]pd-Øn-d-ßn, Ipd-®Hcp kp{]-[m\ {]tZ-i-amb IpSIv ]®-∏n-\n-S°v Xe-bp-b¿Øn-\n¬°p∂ ∏p-d-Øv ImWp∂ tjm∏nwKv sk‚-dnImthcn \Zn-bpsS Iym®vsa‚ v Gcnb ae-\n-cI - ƒ... Aen-™n-√m-Xm-Im≥ XpS-

33


ßp∂ a™p-]m-fn-Iƒ...-a\ -   - ns‚ AIØ- f - ß - f n- t e°v ]X- ™ p- I - b - d p∂ im¥-X... G‰hpw henb Nn{X-Im-c≥ ssZhw Xs∂-sb∂v tXm∂nb \nanjw... CXv ]Sn-™mdv Zn°m-Wv. ChnsS AkvXa - \w ImWm≥ hcp-∂Xv as‰m-ch-kc - Ø - n-em-hmw. 17 mw \q‰m-≠ns‚ DØ-cm¿≤Øn¬ Pohn-®n-cp∂ apkp-cm-Ps‚ tIm´bn-te-°mWv bm{X. At±-l-amWv aSnt°-cn-bpsS ÿm]-I≥. {][m-\-s∏´ Nne Hm^o-kp-I-fpw, Hcp t£{X-hpw, Pbn-epw, ayqkn-b-hp-sa√mw CXn-\IØv {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. tIm´ I≠tijw HmwIm-tc-izct£-{X-Øn-te°v t]mbn. tKmØn-I˛v- C - k - vem-anIv ssienbn¬ enwK-cm-P≥ ]Wn-I-gn-∏n® Cu t£{X-Ønse Ipf-Øn¬ [mcmfw ao\p-Isf hf¿Øp-∂p. ao\p-Isf Du´p∂Xv Chn-SsØ {][m\ hgn-]m-Sm-Ws{X. t£{X kμ¿i\w Ign™v A_n^mƒkn-te-°p≈ bm{X XpS-ßp∂-Xn-\p-apºv {]mX¬ Ign-®p. 8 In.-ao. BWv A_n- b n- t e- ° p≈ Zqcw. t]mIp∂ hgn°v sa¿°md (a-Sn-t°cn) Su¨ Ign-bp-∂n-SØv alm-tZ-hvt]´n¬ ÿnXn-sN-øp∂ apkvenw ]≈nbpsS amXr-Ib - n¬ ]Wn-Ig- n-∏n® lnμpcm-Pm-°≥am-cpsS ih-Ip-Socw (K-±p-sI) ImWm\pw kabw Is≠-Øn. sh≈-®m-´-Øn¬ FØp-∂-Xn\p- a pºv Hcmƒ ssI\o- ´ n. 10 cq] ]m¿°nwKv ^okv sImSp-°W - w. ^okv sImSpØv Ac - I n- t em- a o- ‰ ¿ IqSn apt∂m-´p-t]m-b-t∏mƒ H∂p-c-≠p- I-SIƒ. hrØm-Ir-Xn-bn-ep≈ ]m¿°nwKv Gcn-b. AXn-\S- pØv Hcp akmPv sk‚dns‚ ]c-kyw, Cw•o-jn¬. _m°nsb√mw ]g-b-]Sn I∂-U-bn¬ Xs∂. Ftßm-´m-Wp-t]m-tI-≠s - X∂p a\- nem-bn-√. Ft¥m e£yw-sh®v Hcmƒ ap∂n¬ \S-∂p. ]pdsI a‰p-≈-h-cpw. F{X \S-∂n´pw sh≈-®m-´Ø - ns‚ Hcp e£-Whpw ImWm-\n-√. Ah-km\w aS-ßn-t∏m-Im≥ Xocp-am-\n-®p. At∏mgs√ ckw. t\csØ akmPv sk‚dns‚ ]ckyw I≠n-S-Øp-Iq-Sn-bmWv AI- t Ø- ° p- t ]m- t I- ≠ - X v. Hcp kzImcy Im∏n-tØm-´Ø - n-\I - Ø - p-Iq-SnbmWv hgn. AXn-eqsS shdpw Ccp-∂qdv

26

34

ao-‰¿. IrXy-ambn then sI´n Xncn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. tdmUp-]Wn \S-°p-I-bmsNdp-sX-¶nepw at\mWv. Bthiw A¬]-sam∂p Ipdl-c-amb sh≈-®m-´w. NmSp∂ sI´n-\-S-Øp™p. "aS-ßn-bm-tem...' th≠, B t]m-Im≥ A\p-hm-Z-antdmUp-]-Wn-°m-c-t\mSv At\z-jn√. \Zn°p Ipdp- s Ibp≈ ]me-Øn\p apI°mw...' "Gbv, Hcp Ipgt∏mw C√, fn¬ \n∂m ¬ sh≈ss[cym- b n´v s]mbv s °m- ≈ q. ®m-´-Øns‚ kuμcyw Bkz-Zn-°mw. th\¬ A¬]w Zqcsa {]iv \ - a p- ≈ q..' Im- e Øv sh≈- ® m- ´ Abm-fpsS hm°p-I-fnse {]tNm߃ kμ¿in-°p-∂Xv shdp- s X- b m- s W∂v Z\w Rßsf apt∂m-´p-\-bn-®p. t_m[y-amb as‰mcp Nfn Ign™v A¬]w-IqSn t]mb\nan-jw. A_n-bn¬ \n t∏mƒ Smdn´ tdmUn- s e- Ø n. ∂v s]s´∂v aS-ßn. 3 ]s£, ]e-bn-SØpw s]m´n-s∏m-fnIn.-ao. Ign-™-t∏mƒ \μn- s am´ Fs∂mcp ™n-cn-°p-∂p. Ipep-ßn-°p-ep-ßn, ÿew. ]≈n- b n¬ hf-hp-Xn-cn™v ^Ãnepw sk°-≠n\n∂v In´nb hnh-ca - \ - pk-cn®v am¥ƒ∏-´n-bnep-ambn Po∏-ßs\ apI-fn-te°v te°v Xncn-™p-t]mIb-dn-s°m-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. th-≠Xv Ahn-S∂ - m-Wv. ]s£, Nne¿°v B bm{X- t bmSv henb cn-°p-∂p. Ipep-ßn-°p-ep-ßn, hf-hptbmPn-∏n-√. tdmUv tam iw, sN∂m¬ Xn-cn™v ^Ãnepw sk°-≠n-ep-ambn ImWm-\p-≈Xv apI-fn¬ \n∂p≈ Hcp Po∏-ßs\ apI-fn-te°v Ib-dn-s°mhyqt]m-bn‚ v am{Xw. am{X-a-√, CØ-ct≠-bn-cp-∂p. sNdpXpw hep-Xp-amb samcp ÿe-sØ-°p-dn®v Sqdnkw am∏n\nc-h[n Npc-߃ ]n∂n-´p-I-gn-™p. sem∂pw Hcp ]cm-a¿ihpw C√-XmIpsd ka-ba - mbn Bfp-Is - ftbm, hml\pw. "]s£, C\n-sbm-cn-°¬ CXn-\m\-ßs - ftbm I≠n-´.v At∏m-gX - m, A{]bn´v Ctßm´v Hcp hc-hp-≠m-hn-√. Xo-£n-Xa - mbn Hmtcm-t´m-dn£ ap∂n¬ \ap°v t]mbn-t\m-°mw'. Fs‚ hmZw \ncßn \oßp-∂p. "C\n-sb{X Zqcw Nne¿ G‰p-]n-Sn-®-t∏mƒ h≠n XncnImWpw am¥ƒ∏-´n-bn-te°v?' "Hcp ™p. Zp¿LSw ]nSn® ]mX-Iƒ°-∏p]Øp-]-{¥≠p Intem-ao-‰¿ ImWpw. d-Øp≈ GtXm Hc-⁄mX tZi-tØA√, Rm\pw hcs´ \nß- f psS °v... c≠pw I¬∏n-®v... IqsS..?' "Hm... AXn-s\¥m Ib-dn-t°maÆv tdmUm-Wv. A¬]w sN∂fq'. Hmt´m-dn-£-bn¬ \n∂v Xe-\o-´nb t∏mƒ tdmUmsI Nfn. apt∂m-´p-t]ma[y-hb - k - vI≥ Rß-fpsS kl-bm-{XnIm≥ _p≤n-ap-´v. tdmUp-]Wn \S-°pI-\m-bn. t]cv s]m∂-∏≥. t^md-Ã-dmI-bm-Wv. Bthiw A¬]-sam∂p IpdWv. AXpw R߃ t]mIp∂ am¥ƒ∏™p. "aS-ßn-bm-tem...' "th≠, B ´n-bn-se. t]mtc ]qcw... ap∂qdv cq]tdmUp- ] - W n- ° m- c - t \mSv At\z- j nbmWv Hmt´m Nm¿÷v. BgvNb - n-sem-cn°mw...' "Gbv, Hcp Ipgt∏mw C√, °te ho´n¬ t]mhq. A£-c-ß-fn¬ ss[cym-bn´v s]mbvs°m-≈q. A¬]w Ahy-‡-X-bp-s≠-¶nepw t^md-ÿ Zqcta {]iv\a - p-≈q..' Abm-fpsS hm°pae-bm-f-Øn¬ Xs∂ Rß-fp-ambn I-fnse {]tNm-Z\w Rßsf apt∂m-´pkwh- Z n- ® p. "am¥ƒ∏´n Fßs\, \-bn-®p. Nfn Ign™v A¬]w-IqSn ImWm-\pt≠m?' BImw£ ImØn-cnt]mb-t∏mƒ Smdn´ tdmUn-se-Øn. ∏n-\v kabw Xcp-∂n√. "]nt∂... \√ ]s£, ]e-bn-SØpw s]m´n-s∏m-fn-™n-


tdmUv Ftßm´v Xncn-bp-sa∂v {]h-Nn-°m≥ {]bm-kw. izmk-a-S°n Ccn-°p-IbmWv F√m-h-cpw. Po∏v apI-fn-se-Øn-°-gn-™p. tlm... Ahn-iz-k-\o-bw... am¿sh-e-kv, ^‚m-Ãn-Iv... Rß-fpsS B›cyw ]d-™-dn-bn-°m≥ hm°p-Iƒ XnI-bmsX h∂ Ahÿ. Fßpw ]®-]n-Sn® sam´-°p-∂p-Iƒ... Ip∂p-Iƒ°n-S°v CS-Xq¿∂ ImSp-Iƒ... ]pX-nb-Im-esØ sNdp-∏-°m-cpsS hc-≠n, hc-ºn´ Xe-Iƒt]m-se ImSp-Iƒ IrXy-ambn AXn¿Øn Xncn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. Djm-dm... \nßsf aΩq´osS kn\nam jq´nwKv D≠m-bn-cp-∂t- √m, Hcp amkw.' "G... aΩq-´osS kn\n-at- bm...! F∂m¬ tamiw hcn-√. GXm ]Sw?' "Ft¥m, cmPtbm at‰m BWv.' "B... t]m°ncn-cm-P-bm-bn-cn°pw, aΩq-´osS ]pXnb ]Sw.' ^¿jmZv A`n-{]m-bs - ∏-´p. At∏mtg°pw \μn-sam-´-bn¬ \n∂v ]Øp-]Xn-s\m∂v Intem-ao-‰¿ apI-fn-se-Øn-°gn-™n-cp-∂p. Zqsc ]®-]n-Sn® Xe-bp-b¿Øn ØpS-ßp-∂p. Xo¿Øpw hnP-\-amb hgn. Po∏v IpØ-s\-bp≈ Hcp Ib‰w Ib-dm≥ XpS-ßp-Ib - m-Wv. Ib‰w Ahkm-\n-°p-∂n-SØv BImiw am{Xw. tdmUv Ftßm´v Xncn-bp-sa∂v {]h-Nn°m≥ {]bm-kw. izmk-a-S°n Ccn-°pI-bmWv F√m-hc - pw. Po∏v apI-fn-se-Øn°-gn-™p. tlm... Ahn-iz-k-\o-bw... am¿sh-e-kv, ^‚m-Ãn-Iv... Rß-fpsS B›cyw ]d-™-dn-bn-°m≥ hm°pIƒ XnI-bmsX h∂ Ah-ÿ. Fßpw ]®-]n-Sn® Ip-∂p-Iƒ... Ip∂p-Iƒ°nS°v CS-Xq¿∂ ImSp-Iƒ... ]pXn-b-ImesØ sNdp-∏-°m-cpsS hc-≠n, hcºn´ Xe-Iƒt]m-se ImSp-Iƒ IrXyambn AXn¿Øn Xncn- ® n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. {]Ir-Xn-bpsS as‰mcp Ic-hn-cp-Xv. Zqsc tImS-a™v Acn-®n-d-ßp-∂p. "amtj Atßm´v t\m°v... CXm Ctßm´v' Hmtcm-cp-Øcpw ssINq-≠p-∂Xv Hmtcm Zn°n-te-°m-Wv. tdmUv Zqsc a™n-\n-Sb - n-te°v \o≠p-t]m-Ip-I-bm-Wv. "A√...FØmdmtbm?' "B... A¬]w-Iq-Sn.' tdmUv ho≠pw tami- a m- b n. ]s£ AsXm∂pw Rß- f psS Bthiw sISp-Øm≥ ]cym-]vX-am-bncp-∂n-√. Po∏v ]Xps° Hcp ]p¬ssaXm-\Øv sN∂p-\n-∂p. Np‰pw Ipsd ac߃. sXm´-Sp-Ømbn c≠p hoSp-Iƒ.

AXv t^mdÃv Hm^o-kmWv. AhnsS sNdnb ^okp≠v, Hcmƒ°v 40 cq]. ^okv hmßn dkn]v‰v X∂Xv sNdp-∏°m-c-\mb Hcp t^mdÃv Km¿Um-Wv. Abm-fmWv ]d-™Xv aΩq-´osS kn\na ]g-»n-cm-Pb - m-bn-cp-∂p-sh-∂v. ]g-»n-cm-Pbnse ImSp-Ifpw, ss¢amIvkv cwK sØ ]p¬ta-Sp-Ifpw am¥ƒ∏-´n-bn-emsW∂v a\- n-em-b-t∏mƒ Rß-fpsS Bthiw Cc-´n-bm-bn. Hm^o-kn\p ]pd-In-ep≈ Ip ∂n≥ apI-fn-te°v \S-∂p-I-b-d-Ww. A¬]w _p≤n-ap-´n-bm-sW-¶nepw aPoZm-°bpw Ip∂v Ib-dn. Ip∂n-\p-ap-Ifn¬ Ce-I-fn-√mØ Hcp ac-ap-≠v. acØn-\p-Np-h-´n-eqsS Ip∂ns‚ adp-h-itØ-°v... FSm, ]nSn-®-Xn-t\-°mfpw hen-b-Xm-Wt√m aS-bn-ev..! IpS-Ins‚ apgp-h≥ kuμ-cyhpw ChnsS Bhmln-®n-cn-°p-Ib - mWv F∂p tXm∂n-t∏mbn. B \´p® t\cØpw tImS-a™v R߃°p-Np‰pw HgpIn \S-∂p. Ip´n°m-eØv D’-h∏ - d - º - n¬ sh®v ImWmdp≈ _mse- I - f nse kz¿§- t em- I Øns‚ Nn{Xo-Ic - W - c - w-Ka - mWv F\n°v Hm¿Ω h∂-Xv. A¬]w AIse Hcp hm®v Sh¿. AXn-s‚-bp-≈n¬ Ccn-∏n-S-߃ Hcp-°n-bn-´p-≠v. AhnsS Hcp bph-anYp-\ß - ƒ Xß-fp-tS-Xp-am-{X-amb temIØv, hnZq-c-X-bn-te°v IÆpw-\´v Ccn∏p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Bcp-sSbpw iey-an√msX a[p-hn[p BtLm-jn-°m≥ temI-Øn¬ shsd-hnsS In´pw, C{X-at\m- l - c - a mb ÿew? t^mdÃv Un∏m¿´p- s a‚ nse DtZym- K - ÿ - \ mWs{X Abmƒ. "C{X kpμ-c-amb ÿe-sØ¥m Bfp-I-f-[nIw FØmØXv? "Cu ÿew Ct∏mgpw t^mdÃv Un∏m¿´p-sa‚ns‚ Iøn-em, Sqdnkw Un∏m¿´p-sa‚n\v hn´p-sIm-Sp-Øn-´n-√'.

hm®v Sh-dns‚ apI-fn¬ Ibdn Ipd®v t^mt´m-I-sf-Sp-Øp. "tlm... tdmUv tamiw∂v ]d™v Xncn-®p-t]mbn-cp-s∂-¶n¬... \jvSw ]d™m Xocn√ tamt\...' R߃ \n∂ Ip∂ns‚ A∏p- d Øv C\nbpw Ip∂p- I - f p- ≠ v . A¬]w kml-kn-IX CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂h¿°v Ahn-sS-sbms° t]mImw. ]pjv]-Kncn ssh¬Uv sse^v kmMvNz-dn-bpsS `mK-amWv am¥ƒ∏´n. hnhn[ \Zn-Iƒ Chn-sS-\n∂v DZv`-hn°p-∂p-≠v. hyXykvX Xc-Øn-ep≈ ]£n-ar-Km-Zn-Is - f-s°m≠v kº-∂a- m-Wnhn-sS. Pq¨ apX¬ HIvtSm-_¿ hscbp≈ amk-ß-fn¬ 6000 apX¬ 7000 an√o-ao-‰¿ hsc ag e`n-°p-∂p. a√-l≈n, _oUl≈n XpS-ßnb c≠v sh≈®m-´hpw ]pjv]-Kn-cn-bn-ep-≠v. {S°nwKv CjvS-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿°v hnhn[ {S°nwKv hgn-Ifpw Chn-sS-bp≠-s{X. am{X-a-√, cm{Xn-Im-e-ß-fn¬ sS‚ v sI´n Xma-kn-°p-∂X - n\pw kuIcy-ap-≠v. t^mdÃv Un∏m¿´p-sa‚ v ]pdØn- d - ° nb t{_mj- d n¬ \n∂mWv R߃°o hnhcw In´n-bXv. GXm-bmepw {S°nw-Kn\pw a‰pambn as‰m-cn-°¬ Xo¿®-bmbpw hcmsa∂v B ae-\n-c-I-tfmSv Dd-s° -hn-fn®p-]-d-™p-sIm≠v R߃ B at\mlc `qan-I-tbmSv hnS-]-d-™p. s]m∂- ∏ ≥ kmdpw klmbnbpw Rßsf bm{X-bm-°n. Ahn-sS\n∂v 24 In.- a o. ]n∂n´v aSn- t °- c nbnseØnbn-´pw, ]n∂oSv 275 In.-ao. ]n∂n´v Imfn-Im-hn-se-Øn-bn´pw Hgp-Inbn-d-ßp∂ aqS¬a-™pw, a™n-\-Snbnse hm®v Shdpw Hcn-°epw ambmØ FÆ-Om-bm-Nn{Xw t]mse a\- n¬ \nd-™p-\n¬°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

35


AS™ hmXn¬°¬ kn. lwk

_ncpZ ]T\w ]q¿Øn-bm°n hnS ]d-bp∂ Xs‚ injy-kØ-asc bm{X-bm°n ¢mkvap-dn-bpsS IX-I-S®v hcm-¥-bn-en-dßn \n∂ hm’ey\n[n-bmb Kpcp-hn\v B apdn-°I - Øp Ign™ aq∂m≠p-I-fnse a[p-cm-\p-`-h-ß-fpsS kvacW Hcp hnß-embn amdn-bt∏mƒ Hgp-Inb kvarXn-_n-μp-°-fmWv Cu Ihn-X.

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AS™ Ihm-S-Øn\p apºn¬ DS™ Nncn-®n-X-dp-Iƒ X≥ ]Xn™ ]fp-¶p-s]m-´p-Iƒ°mbv Ip\n™p Xnc-™n-Sp∂p Rm≥. F≥ Pohn-Xm-Im-iØ - nse Hma-\Ø - m-cß - ƒ X∂-kvXa - b - Ø - n≥ timWn-as - b-ßm\pw Xßn-\n¬∏pt≠m t\m°s´ Xpd-°n≥ Ihm-S-sa-\n-°m-bv. aq∂m-≠p-Iƒ \\®p hf¿Øn-sbmco kvt\l-hm-’-ey-Øn≥ Ipkp-a-s®Sn Ime-Øn≥ _en-jvTI-cß - f - m¬ ]dn-s®-dn-bm-\m-In√ \q\w ! Cs°m®p apdn-bm-sW≥ {]]©w AXn≥ `nØn-Iƒ N{I-hm-f-߃ Ah-bv°-∏pdw t]mhn√ kvarXn-IƒX≥ Nß-e-I-fm-enßp _‘n-X≥ Rm≥. Hm¿Ω-Iƒ°p ]ndhn X∂p-sIm˛ t≠mSn-tbm-sc≥ a°ƒ°m-bn´v [ym\n-®n-cn∏q au\-kw-Ko-X-ap≠v IÆo¿ _nμp-°ƒ s]mgn-®n-h≥. Bflm-hn-\p-≈nseb·n°p

NndIp apf-∏n-®Xo apdn-°p-≈n¬. 1 XmW-hfmw Nfim-en-\ns∏-Æns\ hnlm-b- n-te°p hnt£-]n-®-X-nhn-S∂v; 2 hnπhPzme-bp-≈n¬ hln-®nSpw AΩp-hn-s\-°-s≠-Øn-b-Xpw, 3 dbn¬]mfw apX¬ kc-bq-thmfw cmPp-hns\ ]n¥p-S¿∂p t]mbXpw 4 kz¥sØ {]W-bn°pw "\m¿kn-kkv' 5 tamN-\-Øn-\mbv IÆm-Sn-bp-S-®-Xp-a-sX. SmtKm¿, ktcm-Pn-\n, cmam-\p-P≥, bl-kvtI¬, ssNXr, sImem-ØvI¿ 6 Ch-sc-sbms°∏cn-Nb - n-®Xpw Cs°m®p apdnsb km£n-bm-°n. Ch-cpsS Nn¥-Iƒ, Z¿i-\-߃, F√m-ap-≈n¬ hln-s®≥ a°ƒ C∂nXm ad-s™≥ ap∂n¬ \n∂v GI-\m-°n-bn-∏m-Ÿ-s\-∏m-X-h-°n¬. F≥ a\- n¬ kvac-W-I-fpsS thcp-]mIn F≥ \b-\-ß-fn¬ A\-izc Nncn-XqIn Dd-°-Øn¬ In\m-hmbv hcn≥ a°-tf, DW¿hn¬ \nXy-kva-c-W-bmbv tahn-Sn≥.

1. tUm. F.-]n.-sP. A_vZp¬ Iem-ans‚ "hnwKvkv Hm^v ^b¿' F∂ BflIY 2. alm-Ihn SmtKm-dns‚ "Nfim-enI' F∂ \mS-I-Ønse \mbn-I. 3. Acp-‘Xn tdmbn-bpsS "tKmUv Hm^v kvamƒ XnwKvkv' F∂ t\mh-ense IYm-]m-{Xw. 4. B¿.sI. \mcm-b-Ws‚ "Z ssKUv' F∂ t\mh-ense tI{μ IYm-]m-{Xw. 5. Iaem kpc-ø-bpsS "HmƒUv tπ lukn'¬ ]cm-a¿in-°-s∏´ {Ko°v ]pcm-W-Ønse hnNn{X IYm-]m-{Xw. 6. Cw•ojv kmlnXy _ncpZhnZym¿∞n-I-fpsS kne-_-knse C≥tUm-˛-Bw-•n-b≥ Ihn-Iƒ.

36


Ifn aXn-bm-°n-t∏mb-h≥ \ns∂bpw ImØp Ifn-°-f-Øn¬ \n¬°p˛ sa∂p-an-h≥ ]s£sbØp-∂Xn√ \o! C{Xbv°p thK-Øn¬ Ifn aXn-bm°n \o bm{X-bm-Ip-sa-∂t- Xm¿Øn-s√m-cn-°epw. F{Xtbm tKmf-Sn-°m-\n-ßn-cn-°sh, F{Xtbm ]m´p-Iƒ ]mSm-\n-cn-°-sh, F{X∏co-£-Iƒ Fgp-Xm-\n-cn-°-sh, C{Xbv°p s]s´∂v bm{X-bm-bt√m \o! ]¥p hen-s®-dn-™n-ßncn-°s´ Rm≥ s\m¥p \nt∂m¿Ωsb [ym\n-®o-bq-gn-bn¬. F¥p ck-am-bn-cp∂p \msam-∂n®p ]¥p Ifn-®p-c-kn-s®mcm \mfp-Iƒ! Ic-bp-I-bm-Wn\nsbs‚ hnt\m-Z-sa≥ Ic-fnse thZ\ Xo¿°-s´-b-ßs\. Nncn-th-≠-bn\n \Ω-sfm-∂n-s®mcp]mSp Nncn-I-fnbn¬ Ign-™Xp aXn-tbm¿a-bmbv. t\mhpw a\- p-ambv \n≥ P\-bn-{Xn-sb≥ t\¿°nXm t\m°-bmbv IÆo¿ s]mgn-°-bmbv. hm’-ey-sam-s°bpans∂-\n-°mWh¿ hmcn-Ø-cp∂Xp \n≥ kvarXn ]qØn-Sm≥. \ot]mb temI-tØ-s°-Øn-Sm-\m-Wn∂v \n¿hym-Pa - m-in-®o-Sp∂-tXm-scm-s°bpw. \o t]mb-Xn¬ ]ns∂ \n≥ tXmg¿°msIbpw \oc-ka - m-Ws - {X-bo-tem-IP - o-hn-Xw.

\nimZv Sn. ss^\¬ _n.-tImw.

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Ncn{X Kpcp-hns‚ k∂n-[n-bn¬ Ncn{Xhnim-c-Z≥, A≤ym-]-I≥, {KŸ-Im-c≥, {]`m-j-I≥, k¿tΔm-]cn B\p-Im-enI {]iv\-ß-fn¬ hkvXp-\n-jTv hpw {Inbm-flI - h - p-ambn A`n-{]m-b{- ]-IS- \w \S-Øp∂ kmwkvIm-cnI hy‡n-XzØn\p-Sa F∂o \neI-fn-se√mw Gsd {it≤-b≥ F∂ am\-Zfiw ap≥ \n¿Øn-bmWv {io.-Fw.Pn.Fkv. \mcm-b-Ws\ (ap‰mbn¬ tKmhn-μ-ta-t\m≥ i¶-c-\m-cm-b-W≥) C‚¿hyq sNøp-hm≥ "]n]mk' {]h¿Ø-I¿ X¬]-cc- m-bX - v. ap≥Xe-ap-db - nse {]Xn-_≤ - X - b - p≈ Hc-≤ym-]I{]ap-J≥ Xs‚ Imº-kvImew Ab-hn-d-°p-tºmƒ C∂sØ hnZym¿ ∞nkaq-l-Øn\v AXn¬\n-s∂-ºmSpw \pI¿s∂-Sp-°m\p-≠m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂p-d-∏v. C‚¿hyq-hns‚ ]q¿Æ-cq]w Nph-sS. ? kmdns‚ IpSpw_ ]›m-Ø-ew, hnZym-`ymkw F∂nh kw_-‘n®v Hcp Npcp° hnh-cWw \¬In-bm-epw. Fs‚ P\\w 1932 BKÃv 20 \v s]m∂m-\n-bn¬. Xdhm-´p-hoSv ]c-∏-\-ßm-Sn-bm-Wv. A—≥ tUm.-sI.-]n. tKmhn-μta-t\m≥. AΩ \mcm-bW - n-bΩ - . A—s‚ hoSmWv s]m∂m-\nbn¬. ]c-∏\ - ß - m-Sn-bn¬ sslkvIq-fn-√m-Xn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬ GgmwXcw Ign-™-t∏mƒ A—s‚ ho´n-te°v Xma-k-am-°n. s]m∂m\nbnse ]gb sslkvIq-fmb F.-hn.-F-®v.-F-kn¬ ]Ømw-Xcw ]q¿Øn-bm-°n. A\-¥-cw, Ct∏mƒ Kpcp-hm-bq-c∏≥ tImtf-sP-∂-dn-b-s∏-Sp∂ A∂sØ tImgn-t°mSv kmaqXncn tImtf-Pn¬ \n∂v C‚¿ao-Un-b‰v ]m m-bn. _n.-F.bv°v ^dqJv tImtf-Pn¬ tN¿∂p. A∂v ssii-h-Øn-em-bn-cp∂ ^dqJv tImtf-Pn¬ C∂sØ kuI-cy-ßtfm sse{_-dntbm emt_m H∂p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ sslkvIqƒ apX¬°p≈ Fs‚ kl-hn-Zym¿∞n-Iƒ X߃ ]Tn-®p-sIm≠n-cp∂ Xriq-cnse tIc-f-h¿Ω tImtf-Pn-te-s°-s∂- £Wn-®p. Aßs\ Ahn-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ _n.-F. C°-tWmanIvkv c≠mw-h¿jhpw. A°m-e-Ø-nhnsS Fhn-sSbpw Fw.F. C√m-Xn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ a{Um-kn¬t]mbn Ahn-sS-bp≈ a{Umkv {InkvXy≥ tImtf-Pn¬ \n∂mWv Fw.-F. lnÃdn ]Tn-®-Xv.

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? Ncn{X ]T- \ - Ø n- t e°v Xm¬]cyw Xncn-®p-hn´ h√ khn-tij LS-Ih - pw. A—≥ tUmIv S - d m- b n- c p- ∂ p. AXn-\m¬ Fs∂ saUn-kn≥ ]Tn-∏n°m-\m-bn-cp∂p tamlw. F\n-°m-sW¶n¬ kb≥kv {Kq∏v th≠m-bn-cp-∂p. em_n¬ Xh- f sb Iodn- s ∏m- f n- ° p∂Xpw c‡w ssIImcyw sNøp-∂-Xpsam∂pw F\n-°n-jvS-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. A—≥ Fs∂ tN¿Øn-bXv sk°‚ v {Kq-∏n¬ Xs∂. ]s£ A—≥ t]mbt∏mƒ B {Kq∏n-ep≈ Fs‚ Xm¬]cy-an-√mbva Rm≥ {]n≥kn-∏-ens\ Adn-bn-®p. At±-lØ - n\v kt¥m-ja - mbn. ImcWw sk°‚ v {Kq∏n\v henb Unam‚m-bn-cp∂p A∂-hn-sS. Aßs\ Rm≥ tX¿Uv {Kq∏n¬ tN¿∂p. AhnsS R߃s°mcp Ncn-{Xm-[ym-]I-\p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p˛{io.sI.hn. IrjvWø¿. ]fin-X\pw {KŸ-Im-c-\p-am-bncp∂ kmdns‚ ¢mkpw At±-l-hp-ambp≈ ASp-∏-hp-amWv F∂n¬ lnÃdn-tbmSv Xm¬]cyw hf¿Øn-b-sX∂v \n w-ibw ]d-bmw. hnZym¿∞n-Isf Ncn{X ÿe-ßf - n-te°v Iq´n-s°m-≠pt]mbn ImWn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øpw Ahn-Sß - fn¬ D≈ Imcy-߃ hnh-cn-®p-sImSpØpw -sIm-≠p≈ kmdns‚ ¢mkpIƒ hfsc hyXy-kvXhpw ck-I-c-hpam-bn-cp-∂p. Aø¿km-dn\v apºv Ncn{Xw Hcp t_md≥ hnj-ba - m-bm-W\ - p-`h - s - ∏´n-cp-∂X - .v Ipsd cmPm-°∑ - m-cpsS t]cpw `c-W-Im-ehpw sNm√n-∏-Tn-°p∂ apjn∏≥ G¿∏m-Sv. ]ns∂ Iptd t\m´p-Ifpw. Aø¿km¿ ¢mskSp-°m≥ XpSßn-bt- XmsS {_n´ojv lnÃ-dn-t]mepw lrZy-hn-j-b-ambn amdn. k_vP-IvSn¬ Xm¬]cyw P\n-∏n-°p-Is - b-∂Xv A≤ym]-Is‚ Ign-hm-sW-∂X - n\v hy‡-amb DZm-lc - W - a - m-bn-cp∂p Aø¿km¿. ? A≤ym-]-I-hr-Øn-bn-te°v Xncn-bm≥ Imc-Ww. Fw.-F. Ign-™-t∏mƒ Rm≥ sF.-F.-Fk - nt\m sF.-F^ - v.F - k - nt\m t]mIm-\mWv ho´p-Im¿ Xm¬]-cy-s∏-´Xv. A—≥ ^okvhsc AS-®p. ]s£ AXv F\n-°p-]-‰nb taJ-e-bm-b√ Rm≥ I≠-Xv. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ tImgnt°mSv kmaq-Xncn tImtfPv Kpcp-hm-bqc-∏≥ tImtf-Pm-hp-Ibpw AhnsS _n.-

F. Bcw`n°p-Ibpw sNbvX- L´-ØnemWv Aø¿km¿ ]ncn-bp-∂Xpw B Hgn-hn¬ F\n°v \nb-a\w In´p-∂Xpw. XpS¿∂v F´p-h¿jw Rm\-hnsS D≠mbn-cp-∂p. ]n∂oSv 1960 ¬ bqWn-thgvkn‰n {Km‚ vkv IΩo-j≥ Sot®-gvkn\v s^t√m-jn∏v sImSp-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bt∏mƒ ^Ãv _m®n¬ Xs∂ Rm\-Xn\v A¿l-\m-bn. tIcf lnÃ-dn-bn¬ h¿°v sNøm-\m-bn-cp∂p F\n°v Xm¬]-cyw. tIcf bqWn- t h- g v k n- ‰ n- b n¬ A∂v lnÃdn Un∏m¿´p-sa‚ v C√m-Xn-cp-∂Xv ImcWw kvs]jy¬ s]¿an-jt- \m-Sp-IqSn-bmWv F\n-°Xv sNøm≥ Ign-™Xv. Imen-°‰v bqWn-th-gvkn‰n h∂Xn\p tijw, hntZiØv t]mbn Xtß≠n h∂ GXm\pw h¿j-sam-gn®m¬, AhnsS Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ So®nwKv Icn-b¿. ? hntZ-iØv Fhn-sS-sb√mw t]mbn- ´ p≠v . shdpw kμ¿i- \ m¿ ∞tam AtXm a‰p h√ ZuXy-hp-am tbm. e≠≥ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ Hcp sIm√-tØ-°v tIma¨sh¬Øv A°m-U-anIv Ãm^v s^t√m Bbn´m Wv t]mb-Xv. Fs‚ ]n.-F-®v.-Un. FIv km-an-\d - m-bn-c∂ F.-F¬.-_m-jw F∂ {_n´ojv lntÃm-dn-bs‚ £W-{]-Imc-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. ]n∂oSv 1991˛92 ¬ tamkvtIm bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ hnkn‰nwKv s{]m^-k-dmbn t]mbn. C¥ym Kh¨sa‚ns‚ Iƒ®-d¬ FIvkvtN©ns‚ `mK-ambn C¥ybpw tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b\pw A≤ym-]-I-scbpw hnZym ¿∞n-Is - fbpw ]c-k] v cw ssIam-dn-s°m≠n-cp∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p AXns‚ ]›m-Øew. F\n°v 1988 ¬ £Ww In´n-bn-cps∂-¶nepw Ahn-SsØ Nne Ipg-∏߃ ImcWw 1991 emWv Rm≥ tPmbn≥ sNbvX-Xv. -F-∂n´v 6 amkw t]mepw tPmen sNøm≥ Ipg∏w ImcWw Ign-bmsX t]mbn. A[n-IImew XpS-cm-\m-hmsX Xncn-®p-t]m-tc≠nbpw-h-∂p. XnI™ Acm-P-I-XzamWv tamkvtIm bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-bn¬ F\n-°-\p-`-h-s∏-´-Xv. Poh-\p-t]mepw c£-bn-√mØ ÿnXn. as‰mcp hntZ-ibm{X P∏m-\n-te-°m-bn-cp∂p. Imen-°‰n¬ \n∂v dn´-b¿ sNbvX-Xn\v tijam-bn-cp∂p AXv. tSm°ntbm bqWn-th-

gvkn-‰n-bn¬ hnkn-‰nwKv dnk¿®v s{]m^k-dmbn 1993 apX¬ 95 hsc-bp≈ A°m-Za - nIv h¿j-ßf - n¬ Rm≥ tPmen sNbv X p. ]n∂oSv Ata- c n- ° - b n¬ t]mbn. AhnsS IjvSn aq∂p-am-kta sNe-hg- n-®p-≈q. ]ns∂ Xncn-®p-t]m-∂p. ? C¥y≥ lnÃdn Iu¨ kn¬ sNb¿am-\mbn sXc-s™Sp °s∏-´n´v Imem-h[n ]q¿Øn-bm-°mXn-cp-∂Xv F¥p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Ata-cn-°-bn¬ \n∂v Xncn-®ph∂ Rm≥ C\n iºfw ]‰p∂ HcpØ-ch - m-Zn-Xzhpw G¬t°-s≠∂v Xocpam-\n-®n-cn-°p-tºm-gmWv 1998 ¬ C¥y≥ lntÃm-dn°¬ dnk¿®v Iu¨k-nente°v BZyw saº-dmbpw ]ns∂ 2001 ¬ aq∂p h¿j-tØ-°p≈ sNb¿am\mbpw sXc- s ™- S p- Ø - X v . c≠c sIm√-am-b-t∏m-g-tØ°pw _n.-sP.]n. bpsS a{¥n-bp-ambn F\n°v HØp-t]mIm-≥ Ign-bmsX h∂p. ? AsXt¥ _n.-sP.-]n. k¿ °m-cp-ambn HØp-t]m-Im≥ Ign-bmsX h∂-X.v \ΩpsS cmPysØ Nne cmjv{Sob I£n-Iƒ Aß-s\-sbm-s°bm-Wv. Rm≥ saº-dmbn tNcp-tºmƒ tIm¨{K- n-t‚-Xm-bn-cp∂p `c-Ww. Ah¿ Ah- c psS kz¥w Imcyw t\m°p-sa-∂-√msX Iu¨kn-ens‚ \b-ßf - n-sem∂pw Imcy-ambn CS-s]-Sn√. ]ns∂ "P\X' h∂p. Ah¿°pw A°m-cy-Øn¬ henb hmin-bn√. _n.sP.-]n. bpw am¿IvknÃv ]m¿´nbpw Hcpt]m-se-bm-Wv. Ccp-Iq-´¿°pw clky AP-≠-I-fp-≠v. Fs∂ Ah¿ £Wn®-t∏mtg Rm≥ Fs‚ Imcyw ]d-™ncp- ∂ p. Bcp- s S- s b- ¶ nepw Xm¬]cym¿∞yw {]h¿Øn- ° m≥ Fs∂s°m≠v ]‰n-√. AXn-\m¬ CS-s]-S¬ D≠m-bm¬ Rm≥ hnSpw. Rm≥ AXpXs∂ sNbvXp. Rm≥ saº¿ sk{I-´dn- b m- b n- c p∂ ImeØpw (1990- ˛ 92) cmjv{Sob CS-s]-S¬ h∂p. `mKy-Øn\v At∏m-g-tØ°pw Fs‚ tSw Ign-bmdm-bn-cp-∂p. am¿Ivkn-Ãp-Im-cp-am-bn-´m-bncp∂p A∂v {]iv\w. Xo{h CS-Xp-]£hpw Xo{h he-Xp-]-£hpw Bhptºmƒ kzX-{¥-ambn {]h¿Øn-°m≥ hnj-aa - m-W.v ]Whpw ]Z-hn-bp-am-Wt√m CXp-sIm-s≠ms° Bfp-Iƒ tamln-

39


A≤ym-]-I¿°v ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Bflm¿∞Xbpw Xm¬]-cy-hp-ans√-¶n¬ hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v B A≤ym-]-I-tcmSv F¥v _lp-am-\-amWv D≠m-hp-I? Rm≥ ^dqJv tImtf-Pn¬ Hcp h¿jta ]Tn-®n-´p-≈q. AhnsS F\n°v Cw•ojv FSp-Øn-cp∂ ssakq¿°m-c-\m Hcp jp°qdp≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]ns∂ s]mfn-‰n-Ivkn\v thsdmcp jp°qdpw. lnÃ-dn°v {]n≥kn-∏¬ Xs∂-bm-bncp-∂p. Ch-cp-am-sb√mw Rm≥ Bbp-jvIme _‘w \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-∂p.

°m-dv. ]Ww F\n°v th≠. Ign-™pIq-Sm-\p-≈Xv aXn. ]Z-hn-bm-sW-¶n¬ sNb¿am≥ hsc FØn-bn-t√, ]ns∂ F¥m th≠-Xv? AXn\m¬ Rm≥ hn´p. ? apºp-Im-esØ Kpcp-injy _‘-Øn¬ Ct∏mƒ h∂n-´p≈ {]IS-amb hyXym-kß - ƒ Fs¥m-s°-bmWv. hnZym¿∞n-I-sf-°p-dn®v hy‡amb Adnhpw [mc-W-bp-ap≈ A≤ym]-I-c√ C∂v Ah-cpsS apºn-se-Øp∂-Xv. Ip´n-I-fpsS Ign-hp-Ifpw hmk\-Ifpw Is≠Øn Ahsb ]cn-t]mjn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p∂ A[ym-]I - t- cmSv Ip´n-Iƒ°v aXn∏pw _lp-am-\hpw D≠m-Ipw. AXn\v A≤ym-]I - ¿ A≤ym]\hrØn Hcp-]m-k\ - b - m-sb-Sp-°W - w. ]Tn- ∏ n- ° p∂ hnj- b - Ø n¬ kzbw Xm¬]-cy-ap-≠m-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw AXv A]vSp-tU‰v B°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-Ibpw thWw. AXn\v AXm-Xp- hn-j-b-ßfnse ]pXnb am‰-ßfpw t\´-ßfpw Ah¿ a\- n-em-°n-bn-cn-°-Ww. RßfpsS Xe-ap-dsb ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂ A≤ym- ] - I ¿ Aß- s \- b m- b n- c p- ∂ p. IrjvWø - sc°p-dn®v t\csØ ]d-™ph-t√m. Cw•ojns\mcp Fw.-]n. inhZm-k-ta-t\m≥ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p. At±-lam-bn-cp∂p Rß-fpsS amK-kn≥ FUn‰¿. Hcn-°¬ Rm≥ ¢m n¬ At±-lØns‚ Im¿´q¨ hc- ° p- t ºmƒ At±lw Fs∂ ]nSn-Iq-Sn. kzb-samcp B¿´n- à m- b n- c p∂ At±lw Fs‚ ]°¬ \n∂v Im¿´q¨ hmßn-bn´v AXv amK-kn-\n¬ tN¿°-Ws - a∂p ]d™p. tÃPn¬ Ib‰n {]kw-Kn-∏n-°pIbpw {]kwKw Djm-dm-bm¬ kΩm\w Xcn-Ibpw sNøp-am-bn-cp∂p kvIqfn¬

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40

Rß- f psS A∂ So®¿. Ah¿ Rßsf k¨tU kv I qfp- I ƒ°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-Ibpw IY-]-d-™p-X-cnIbpw sNøp-am-bn-cp-∂p. BZy-X-hW tNm°-te‰v hmßn-Ø∂v So®¿ Fs∂ tÃPn-te°v D¥n-°-b-‰n. F\n-°msI `bw. Im¬hn- d - ° p- ∂ p- ≠ mbncp- ∂ p. F√mw Ign-™-t∏mƒ hfsc \∂m-bncp∂p F∂ {]iw- k - b pw In´n. hnZym¿∞n-If - p-sS-sb√mw t]cpw hoSpw So®¿°v ImWm-]m-T-am-bn-cp-∂p. kpJan- √ mØ Ip´n- I sf ho´n¬ sN∂v ImWpIbpw hnh-cß - ft\z-jn-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. Aßs\ Hcp t]gvk-W¬ dnte-j≥ D≠m-°n-sb-Sp-°pI ImcWw Ip´n-Iƒ°p-am-{X-a√ Ip´n-If - psS ho´pIm¿°pw Ah-tcmSv _lp-am-\-am-bn-cp∂p. C∂-nß-s\-sbm-∂p-an-√. CXp-Xs∂- b mWv G‰hpw {]I- S - a mb hyXymkw. ? At∏mƒ A≤ym-]-I¿°v hnZym¿∞n-I-fn¬ \n∂v _lp-am\w In´m-Xn-cn-°p-∂p-s≠-¶n¬ AXn-\p-ImcWw A≤ym- ] - I ¿ Xs∂- b m- s W∂mtWm kmdns‚ A`n-{]m-bw. Xo¿®-bm-bpw. A≤ym-]-I¿°v ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn¬ Bflm¿∞Xbpw Xm¬]- c y- h p- a ns√- ¶ n¬ hnZym¿∞nIƒ°v B A≤ym-]-I-tcmSv F¥v _lp-am-\-amWv D≠m-hp-I? Rm≥ ^dqJv tImtf-Pn¬ Hcp h¿jta ]Tn®n-´p-≈q. AhnsS F\n°v Cw•ojv FSp-Øn-cp∂ ssakq¿°m-c\ - mb Hcp jp°qdp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]ns∂ s]mfn-‰nIvkn\v thsdmcp jp°qdpw. lnÃ-dn°v {]n≥kn-∏¬ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ch-cpam-sb√mw Rm≥ Bbp-jvIme _‘w \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-∂p. ho´n¬ hnti-jap-≠m-bm¬ At\ym\yw hnh-c-a-dn-bn-

°p-Ibpw ]s¶-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. C∂n-sXm∂pw ImWp-∂n-√. CXn\v km[n-°p-∂n-s√-∂-XmWv icn. shdpsamcp sXmgn-se∂ \net° A≤ym]-\sØ A≤ym-]-I¿ ImWp-∂p-≈q. thsd ]ecpw s]mfn-‰nIvkv am\-Z-fiam°n ÃpU‚ vkns\ hn`-Pn®p ImWp∂-h-cm-Wv. A≤ym-]-I-cpsS Akw-Xr]vXnbpw Hc-ft- hmfw Imc-Wa- m-bn-cn-°mw. ]Sn-™m-d≥ \mSp-I-fnse tImtf-PpIfpw bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-If - p-ambn Xmc-Xay-s∏-Sp-Øp-tºmƒ \ΩpsS ÿm]-\߃°v B t]cp-Iƒ Xs∂ ]d-bm≥ A¿l-X-bpt≠m F∂v kwi-b-am-Wv. ChnsS bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-Iƒ shdpw FIvkm-an-t\-j≥ sk‚-dpIƒ. A≤ym]-I¿ shdpw Iqen-°m¿. shdp-sX-bßs\ eIvN¿ sNøp-∂p. Ip´n-Iƒ ]Tn°p- ∂ Xpw ]Tn- ° m- Ø - X p- s am∂pw Ah¿°v hnj-b-a-√. \ΩpsS bqWnth-gvkn-‰n-bpsS Imcy-Øn¬ B¿°pw hnizm-k-an-√. ÃpU‚ vkns\ Chmtez‰v sNøp-∂-Xn¬ Sot®-gvkn\v Hcp ]¶p-an-√. tNmZy-t]-∏¿ sk‰p-sN-øp-∂h¿t°m DØ-ct- ]-∏¿ Chm-tez‰v sNøp∂- h ¿t°m ÃpU‚ v k n- s \- ° p- d n®v bmsXm-∂p-a-dn-bn-√. Aßs\ At\ym \yw Adn-bm-Ø-h-cpsS Hcp I≈-°-fnbmWv \S-°p-∂-Xv. shtÃ-¨ bqWnth-gvkn-‰n-If - n¬ Cß-s\-b√ - . AhnsS ]Tn-∏n-°p∂ Sot®gvkv Xs∂-bmWv kne-_kv D≠m-°p-∂X - .v Ah¿ Xs∂ t{KUv sNøp-∂p. Ah¿Xs∂ hmeyq sNøp- ∂ p. Fs¥- ¶ nepw kwibw tXm∂n-bm¬ Sot®gvkv ÃpU‚ vkpambn UnkvIkv sNøpw. amt‰-≠Xv am‰pw. Chn-sS-sb-√m-h¿°p-a-dnbmw hnZym-`ymkw Hcp _nkn-\- m-sW∂v. A≤ym- ] - I ¿ tPmen hmßp- ∂ Xpw


hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ ko‰v t\Sp-∂X - p-sams° ]Ww \¬In. At∏mƒ ]ns∂ AXn\-\p-k-cn-®p≈ _‘-ß-fs√ {]Xo£n-®p-Iq-Sq? ? A≤ym-]I - t- cmSp≈ hnZym¿ ∞nI-fpsS s]cp-am‰ coXn-tbm. Cu knÃ-Øn¬ Cß-s\-sbms°-Øs∂tb \S-°q. BZ-c] - q¿Δ-amb s]cp-am‰w tNmZn-®p-hm-tß-≠tXm ASnt®¬∏n- ° m≥ Ign- b p- ∂ tXm A√. AXp kzm`m-hn-I-ambn D≠m-th-≠-XmW-v. As√-¶n¬ Ct∏mƒ F¥n-\mWv So®¿? Hcp icm-icn hnZym¿∞n°v ssKUv ]Tn®v ]co-£-sbgpXmhp-∂-Xt√-bp-≈q. Bh-iy-an-√mØ So®-tdmSv _lp- a m- \ - s a- ¥ n- \ p- ≠ m- h - W w. Cu knÃw Xs∂ amd-Ww. ChnsS \√ kb‚n-Ãp-If - p-≠m-hp-∂n-√. t\mt_¬ ss{]kv B¿°pw In´p-∂n-√. In´n-bh¿°v Ata-cn-°≥ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbnepw bqtdm-]y≥ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰nbnepw t]mbn h¿°v sNbvX-Xp-sIm≠mWv In´n-bXv. Chn-SsØ bqWn-thgvkn-‰n-If - n¬ FIvk] - vjW - ¬ Izmfn-‰nbp-≈-h¿°v hf-cmw. AXn-\-∏pdw \√ s{]mUIvSvkv D≠m-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂n-√. a‰p-≈-h-cp-ambn Xpe\w sNøm≥ \aps°m-∂p-an-√. \√ Sot®-gvkv C√. \√ sse{_-dn-bn-√. \√ kne-_ v C√. ]pd-sa-bp≈ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰n-I-fn-¬ ÃpU‚ vkv GsX-¶nepw k_vPIvSv ]Tn- ° m≥ t]mIp- ∂ Xv Ah- c psS Xm¬]-cy-Øn¬ \n∂m-Wv. ChnsS Imip≈ A—- \ - Ω - a m¿ Ip´n- I sf tUmIv S ¿amcpw F©n- \ nb¿amcpw B°m≥ G¿∏m-Sp-≠m-°pw. tkmtjymf-Pntbm emwtKztPm FSp-°p-∂h - c - psS tXm∂¬ Xß-ƒ H∂n\pw sIm≈m-Øh-cm-sW-∂m-Wv. sk¬^v sdkv]Iv‰v C√msX HmW-Ãnbpw s]cp-am-‰-Øn¬ Izmfn- ‰ nbpw D≠m- h n- √ . shtè skmssk-‰n-bn¬ \ap°v `b-an-√msX s]cp-am-dmw. Hcp tjm∏n¬ t]mbm¬ SmKn¬ Hcp hne ImWpw. B hne-b\p- k - c nt® XpI- s b- S p- ° p- I - b p- ≈ q. s\tKm-tjy-‰v sN ømt\m _m¿sK-bn≥ sNømt\m Ign-bn-√. AXns‚ Bhiy-hp-an-√. ? km¿ shtÃ-tW-gk v ns\ C{X-am{Xw ]pIgvØn∏d-bp-∂s - X-¥p-sIm-≠mWv. A\p- ` - h - ß - f p- ≈ - X p- s Im≠v . Ah¿ \sΩ ]‰n-°n-s√-∂p-d-∏n-°mw.

Rm≥ e≠-\n¬ sN√p-tºmƒ Fs‚ {_Z¿ Ahn-sS-bp-≠m-bn-cp∂p. {Us √mw AhnsS sN∂n´v hmßn-bm¬ aXn-sb-∂-h≥ ]d™n- c p- ∂ p. R߃ Ahn- s Sbp≈ hen- s bmcp tjm∏n¬ \n∂v {Us -Sp-Øp. aq∂-pamkw Ign-™n-´mWv Rm≥ B {U v t\m°n-bXv. At∏mƒ AXn¬ H∂n¬ UmtaPv I≠p. Rm≥ {_Zsd hnfn®v Imcyw ]d-™t∏mƒ "G´m AhnsS sIm≠pt]mbn sImSp-Øm¬ am‰n-°n´p'sa-∂m-bn-cp∂p Ahs‚ {]Xn-IcWw. Rm≥ _n¬ kq£n-®n-cp-∂n-√. AhnsS sN∂v Imcyw ]d-™-t∏mƒ, "Umta-Pp-≠-t√, AXp-t]m-se-bp-≈Xv thsd-sb-Sp-°mw. IqSp-X¬ hne-bp-≈Xm-sW-¶n¬ _m°n kwJy-IqSn AS°p-I'- sb-∂mWv In´nb DØ-cw. thsd tNmZy-sam-∂p-an√. Ah¿ \sΩ hnizkn-°p-∂p. \ma-ht- c-bpw. \Ωtfm, \mw At\ym \yw Ahn-iz-kn-°p-∂p. GXv tjm∏n¬ t]mbmepw Ah¿ Fs∂ Fß- s \- s bm- s °- b mWv ]‰n- ° pI F∂m-bn-cn°pw \ΩpsS hnNm-cw. AXv \ΩpsS sskt°m- f - P nsb Xs∂ _m[n-°p∂p. a‰p cmPy-ßf - n¬ henb _nkn-\- p-Im¿°n-S-bn¬ I≈≥am-cp≠v. ]s£ km[m-c-W-°m¿°n-S-bn¬ C√. \ΩpsS \m´n¬ Htcm^okn¬ t]mbm¬ Imcyw t\Sm≥ Imiv apS-°Ww. AXv t\cn´v ]d-bn-√. Atßm-´pan-tßm´pw \SØpw. ]n∂oSv ]yq¨ h∂v ]d-bpw Htcm-cp-Ø¿°pw sImSpt°≠ XpI. shÃn¬ ]yq¨ C√. F√m- h cpw Ah- c - h - c psS tPmen sNøpw. ChnsS G‰hpw henb A[nImcw ]yqWn-\m-W.v ImcWw Ah-cmWv ssI°qen GP‚p-am¿. Rm≥ saº¿ sk{I-´-dnbpw sNb¿am\pambn-cp∂ ImeØv Cu ]yqWp- a m- c p- s S kwLsØ Gsd A\p-`hn-®n´p-≈X - mWv. ]Øp-aWnbmbm¬ Hcp-]m-sSÆw hcpw. Ah¿s°m∂pw Hcp-]-Wn-bp-ap≠m-hn-√. ]e-t∏mgpw Ccp∂v io´v Ifn°m-dm-Wv. aq∂v ]yqWp-am-cpsS ]Wn Rm≥ sN∂-t∏m-gm-sW-\n°v a\- n-emb-Xv. Im_n-\‰v sk{I-´-dn-am-cpsS Ip´nIsf kvIqfn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbn hnSpI. Rm≥ ]d™p: ""H∂p-In¬ tPmen bpw iº-fhpw Ahn-sS, As√-¶n¬

c≠pw ChnsS''. Rm\Xv \n¿Øn-®p. Cß-s\-sbm-s°-bmWv \ΩpsS knÃw. ? CXn-s\-¥m-sWmcp {]Xnhn[n \n¿t±-in-°m-\p-≈X - v. Hcp \√ \mj-W¬ Imc-IvS¿ cq]-s∏-´p-h-c-Ww. hnZym-`ymk ÿm]\-ß-fn-eq-sS-bm-WXv cq]-s∏-´p-h-tc-≠Xv. ]s£ Cu knÃ-Øn¬ AsXßs\ km[n-°p-sa-∂-XmWv {]iv\w. ]co-£-bn¬ t]mepw Ir{Xnaw \S-°p∂n- S Øv F¥m- s Wmcp {]Xo- £ ? cmjv{So-b-Øn-s‚bpw aX-Øn-s‚bpw ]W-Øn-s‚-bpw kzm[o\w aqey-\n¿Æb-Øn¬ hsc I≠p-hc - p-∂p. a‰p cmPyß-fn-sem∂pw CXn-√. ? At∏mƒ Chn-sS-sb√mw Aß-s\-bm-sW-∂mtWm. FIvkm-an-t\-j≥ hn`m-K-ØnemWv Chn-sS-bn-tX-‰hpw IqSp-X¬ \S°p-∂-Xv. shÃn¬ Rm\n-ßs\ I≠n´n-√. AhnsS Sot®gvkv Xs∂-bmWv sshkvNm≥k-esd sXc-s™-Sp-°p-∂Xv. AXn¬ Kh¨sa‚nt\m s]mfn-‰n°¬ ]m¿´n-Iƒt°m CS-s]-Sm≥ Ignbp-I-bn-√. Kh¨sa‚ v bqWn-th-gvkn‰n-Iƒ°v ^≠v \¬Ipw. AXv Fßs\ sNe-hg- n-°W - s - a∂v Sot®gvkpw bqWnth-gvkn-‰nbpw Xocp-am-\n-°pw. At∏mbn‚ vsas‚√mw ct≠m-aqt∂m h¿jtØ°v tIm¨{Sm-Iv‰m-bn-´v. Cu ]ocnb-Un-\p-≈n¬ Fßs\ s]¿t^mw sNøp-∂p-sh∂v Sot®gvkpw ÃpU‚ v kpw amt\-Pvsa‚pw Chm-tez‰v sNøp∂p. ÿnc-s∏-Sp-Øepw {]tam-j-\psa√mw AXns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬. ? C¥y≥ atX-Xc - X - z-sØ-∏‰ - n. ChnsS atX-Xc - Xzw ]d-®ne-t√bp-≈q? Cw•-≠n\v Hcp enJnX `c-WL-S\ - b - n-√. Ah¿ atX-Xc - Xzw ]d-™p-

41


\-S-°p-∂p-an-√. cmPmhv Bw•n-°≥ N¿®ns‚ slÕv IqSn- b m- W - h n- s S. HutZym-KnI aXw B•n-°≥ dneo-Pnb≥ Xs∂. F∂m¬ GXv IΩyq-Wn-‰nbn¬ s]´-h¿°pw Xpey Ah-Im-i-ßfp-≠v. AXn¬ Bcpw CS-s]-Sn-√. \mw atX-X-cXzw `c-W-L-S-\-bn¬ Fgp-Xnsh-®n-´p-s≠-¶nepw aX-߃°-Xo-Xambn Hcp Kh¨sa‚n-hnsS `cn-°p-∂n√. a‰p-Nn-e¿ aX hntcm-[n-If - mWv. DZml-cWw IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿. aX-an-√m-Øh≥ arK-am-bn-cn-°pw. AØ-c-Øn-semc-h-ÿ-bn-te-s°-Øn-°-W-sa-∂mWv Ah¿ B{K-ln-°p-∂-Xv. At∏m-gm-bncn°pw Ah¿°v `cn-°m-s\-fp-∏w. a\pjy-\nse tZmj-߃ am‰n Ahs\ bYm¿∞ a\p-jy-\m-°p-∂-Xn¬ aX߃°v ]¶p-≠v. GXp-a-X-am-bm-epw. AtX kabw NoØ BNm-c-ßfpw ImWpw. ? cmjv{So-bhpw aXhpw XΩnep≈ _‘w cmPy-Øn\v KpWtam tZmjtam sNøp-I. ChnsS bYm¿∞ aX-t_m-[-a√-t√m, Nne t_m[y-s∏-Sp-Øe - p-If - t- √-

a-Xh - p-sam-s°-bp-≠.v AhnsS F√m aX߃°pw ]c-am-h[n kzmX-{¥y-a-\p-`hn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p. ? aXw am‰-sØ-∏‰n F¥m-W`n-{]mbw sX‰m-sW-∂m-Wv Fs‚ A`n{]m-bw. F¥p-sIm-≠mWv Hcmƒ aXw amdp-∂-Xv? H∂p-In¬ Xs‚ aXw icnb√ F∂p tXm∂p-∂-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn°pw. Aßs\ Hcp aX-sØ-°p-dn®pw Nn¥n-®p-Iq-Sm-Ø-Xm-Wv. As√-¶n¬ ]ns∂ {]tem-`-\-ß-fm-bn-cn°pw ImcWw. F√m- a - X - ° mcpw kz¥w aXØns‚ XØz- ß fpw A\p- j v T m- \ ßfpw \∂mbn ]Tn-∏n-®p-sIm-≈s´, Ah-c-h-cpsS aX-]m-T-im-e-I-fn¬. a‰p aX-߃ icn-b√ F∂p ]Tn-∏n-°-cpXv. ? aX-]c - n-h¿Ø\w kzta-[bm BsW-¶ntem? Aß-s\-bm-sW-¶n¬ F¥n-\mWXv cl-ky-am°n sNøp-∂-Xv? Nne{]-ap-J¿ am{Xta ]c-ky-ambn aX-]-cnh¿Ø\w \S-Øp-∂Xv ImWp-∂p-≈q. Hcp P\m-[n-]X - ycmPy-Øn¬ Kh¨sa

P\n-®m¬ t]cn-Sepw acn-®m¬ tij{In-bI - fpw am{X-ambn ]≈n-If - psS ]¶v. Hcp-]mSv ]≈n-Iƒ kn\nam Xntb-‰-dpI-fp-am-bn. F∂m¬ 1950 \v tijw GsX-¶n-ep-samcp aXw IqSntb Xocq F∂ Nn¥ Ah¿°p-≠m-bn. Ct∏mƒ F√m- h cpw GsX- ¶ n- e p- s amcp aXw kzoI-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWmw. aX-Øns‚ ]mX-bn-te-°p≈ Hcp Xncn-®p-h-chv. kb≥kn\p t\sc aX-ta-[m-hn-Ifpw Xß-fpsS \ne-]m-Sn¬ am‰w hcp-Øn. ]Xn\mdmw \q‰m-≠n¬ kb‚n-Ãp-Isf hnNm-cW sNøp-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p aX-ta-[mhn-Iƒ. tIm∏¿\n-°-kn-s‚-sbms° IY Adn-bp-∂-Xm-W-t√m. Cub-SpØ Ime-ØmWv t]m∏v AXn\v am∏v ]d™-Xv. aX-߃ XΩn¬ Ub-temKv thW-sa∂ A`n-{]m-bhpw t]m∏v {]ISn-∏n-°p-Ib - p-≠m-bn. \ΩpsS cmjv{S-]nXmhv alm-flm-Km‘n F√m aX-ßsfbpw Dƒs°m- ≠ p- s Im- ≠ p≈ {]m¿∞-\-bmWv ]Tn-∏n-®-Xv. "Cuiz¿ A√m tXtc \mw k_vtIm kΩXn tZ `Khm≥' F∂m-bn-cp∂p Km‘n-Pnbp- s S {]m¿∞- \ . ssZh- Ø ns‚

apl-ΩZv \_n°p apºv PqXcpw ss{IkvX-hcpw hn{K-lm-cm-[-I-cp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-SØv At±-l-Øn\v tijw `qcn-]£w apkven-wI-fmbn. Ckvem-a-√m-Ø-sXms° sX‰m-sW∂p h∂p. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ Hcp aXhpw sX‰-√. am\-hn-I-Xsb am\n-°m-\mWv F√m aX-ÿcpw sNdp-∏Ønte Xm¥m-ß-fpsS aX-]m-T-im-e-I-fn¬ ]Tn-∏n-t°-≠Xv.

bp-≈q. aX-Øns‚ t]cp-]-d™v P\ßsf XΩn¬ X√n®v thm´p-t\-Sp-Isb∂ e£y-amWv cmjv{So-b-°m¿°p≈-Xv. aX-]p-tcm-ln-X∑ - m¿°m-sW-¶n¬ hnZym-`ym-khpw cmjv{So-b-t_m-[hpw Ipd-hp-am-Wv. {InkvXy≥ A®∑m¿°v \√ hnZym-`ym-khpw s]mXp-hn-⁄m-\hp-ap-≠v. CXv c≠pw C√mØ hn`m-Kß-fn¬ \n∂p-≠m-Ip-∂X - mWv kv]¿≤ bpw A‘-hn-izmkw hf¿Øn-s°m≠p≈ aX-Nq-j-W-hpw. ]c-kv]cw Xpd∂ a\-ÿn-Xn-tbm-Sp-IqSn s]cp-amdm≥ Ign-bp-∂-Xn-\mWv aXw AXns‚ A\p-bm-bn-Isf {]m]vX-cm-t°-≠-Xv. Cw•-≠n¬ BZyw {InkvXp-aX - ta D≠mbn-cp-∂p-≈q. Ct∏mƒ Ckvemapw lnμp-

34

42

‚ v aptJ-\b - m-bn-cn-°Ww aXw amdp-∂Xv. Aß-s\-b-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠mWv aXw-am-‰-Øns‚ t]cn¬ {]iv\-ß-fp≠m-Ip-∂-Xv. Atd-_y-bn¬ apºv PqX cpw ss{IkvX-hcpw hn{K-lm-cm-[-I-cpap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-SØv ]n∂oSv `qcn-]£w apkv e n- w I- f mbn. Ckv e m- a - √ m- Ø sXms° sX‰m-sW∂p h∂p. hmkvXh-Øn¬ Hcp aXhpw sX‰-√. am\-hnI- X sb am\n- ° m- \ mWv F√m aXÿcpw sNdp-∏-Ønte Xm¥m-ß-fpsS aX-]m-T-im-e-I-fn¬ ]Tn-∏n-t°-≠Xv. Ata-cn-°-bnepw Cw•-≠nepw ]Xns\´pw ]sØm-ºXpw \q‰m-≠p-I-fn¬ kb≥kv hf¿∂-t∏mƒ aXw A‘hnizm-k-am-sW∂ Nn¥m-KXn {]N-cn-®p.

in£bpw tIm]-hp-a-√, kvt\l-amWv aX-߃ Dut∂-≠X - .v Fs‚ aX-°msc am{Xta ssZh-Øns‚ kz¿§-Øn\v Dƒs°m-≈m-\mhq F∂v Bcpw Nn¥n°-cp-Xv. F√m aX-°m-scbpw ssZhØns‚ kz¿§-Øn\v Dƒs°m-≈m≥ Ign-bp-sa∂v hc-Ww. ? Hcp \√ aX-hn-izmkn cmPyØns‚ slÕv Bbn-cp-∂m¬ Imcy߃ kXy-k‘ - a - mbn \S-°n-s√. aX߃ s]mXp-\∑ - b - m-Wt√m t{]m’mln-∏n-°p∂-Xv. t{]m’m-ln-∏n-t°-≠-Xv. ]s£ \S-°p-∂-sX-¥m-Wv? kz¥w aXw icn, as‰√mw tamiw F∂p hnizkn-°p∂ Hcp aX-hn-izmkn, Abmƒ


GXv aX-°m-c\ - mh-s´, cmPyw `cn-®m¬ Fß-s\-bm-Wv hnhn[ aX-ÿ-cp≈ Hcp cmPy-Øn\v \njv]-£hpw \oXn]q¿Δ-I-hp-amb `cWw ImgvN-sh-°m\m-hp-I? ? Xo{h-hmZw Cs∂√m cmPyßfpw t\cn-Sp∂ `oj-Wn-bm-W-t√m. Cu {]h-WX Fß-s\-bp-≠m-Ip-∂p. a\p-jy-\nse NoØ kz`mhßfn¬ \n∂p-X-s∂. B[p-\nI kaqlw F¥m- s W∂v a\-   n- e m- ° m- Ø - h ¿, _p≤n Ipd-™-h¿, AXym¿Øn-bp-≈h¿-˛C - ß - s - \-bp≈ Bfp-If - psS kwLS-\-I-fmWv Xo{h-hmZw sIm≠p-\-S-°p∂-Xv. At∏mƒ tNmZn°mw, A`y-kvXhn- Z y- c n- e p- a p- ≠ t√m Xo{h- h m- Z n- I ƒ F∂v. am\-hnI sFIyhpw icn-bmb [m¿ΩnIt_m[hpw \∑bpw Xn∑bpw XΩn-ep≈ th¿Xn-cnhpw hnZym-`ym-kØn-eqsS e`n-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬ AØcw hnZym-`ymkw t\Sn-b-h¿°n-S-bnepw ImWpw Xo{h-hmZ Nn¥. am\-hnI-Xsb Hcp aqey-ambn ]Tn-®-h¿°v am\-hnIX- s °- X n- c mb {]h- W - X - I - s f- b mWv shdp-°m≥ Ign-bp-I. ]c-aX \nμ-sb∂Xv Ah¿°v ]cn-N-b-an-√mØ Bib-am-bn-cn-°pw. \ΩpsS Ab¬cm-Pyamb ]m°n-ÿms\ t\m°q. ]m°nÿm≥ Ckvem-anIv tÉm-sW-∂mWv ]d-bp-I. AhnsS lnμp-°ƒ°v, Ah¿ F{X Ignhpw KpWhpw tbmKy-X-bpap-≈-h-cm-bmepw, F¥mWv ÿm\w? AhnsS ssk\nI \mb-I≥am-cpsS ssIbn-emWv `c-Ww. Utam-{Ikn F∂ t]cn¬ Ah¿ \S-Øp-∂Xv Ipd-®m-fpI-fp-sS, Ipd®p IpSpw-_ß - f - psS B[n]-Xy-am-Wv. AXp-sIm-≠m-W-h¿°v Xmen-_m≥ Xo{h-hm-Zn-Isf HXp-°m-\mhm-Ø-Xv. F¥m-Wo Xmen-_m-\nkw? hnZym`ymkw ]mSn-√, kv{XoIsf I≠pIq-Sm, a\p-jy-Xz-an-√. Ah-cpsS ]ptcmln-X≥am¿ Cß-s\-sbm-s°-bmWv Ah¿°v aXsØ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn°p-∂X - v. Ip´n-°mew apX¬t° F√m aX-ßs - f-°p-dn®pw Ah-bpsS bYm¿∞ aqey-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw Ip´n-I-fn¬ Aht_m- [ - a p- ≠ m- ° p- I bpw ]c- k v ] c _‘hpw kl- I - c - W hpw hgn At\ym\yw Adn-™v s]cp-am-dp-I-bpam-sW-¶n¬ Hcp aX-°m¿°pw ]caXÿsc AwKo-Ic - n-°m≥ {]bm-ka - p-≠mIn-√. AhnsS Hcp Xo{h-hm-Zhpw hf-

cn-√. ? A^vKm-\n-ÿms\ apkvenw Xo{h-hm-Z-Øns‚ Cu‰n-√hpw t]m‰n√- h p- a m- b m- W t√m Ata- c n- ° bpw bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy-ßfpw ImWp-∂-Xv. F¥m-WX - ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\w. A^vKm≥Im¿ hnZym-`ym-k] - c - ambpw kmwkvIm-cn-I-ambpw hfsc ]n∂m°w \n¬°p∂ tKm{X-h¿§-°mcm-Wv. Ckvem-a√ Ahn-sS-bp-≈-Xv. shdpw ss{S_¬ Iƒ®¿. hymh-kmbn-I-amsbm∂pw AhnsS ]ptcm-KXn {]m]n-®n-´n-√. Ata-cn-°-°mcpw bqtdm]ycpw \mK-cn-I-X-bn¬ Gsd apt∂-dnb-h-cm-Wv. F√m aX-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw Ah¿°v Ipsd [mc-W-I-fp-≠v. klnjvWp-Xbpw imkv{X-t_m-[hpap≈-hcp-am-Wv. A^vKm-\n-em-h-s´, Ad_v cmPy- ß - f n- e m- h - s ´ CsXm- ∂ p- a n- √ . Ad_v cmPy-ß-fn¬ cmP-`-c-W-am-Wv. P\m-[n-]-Xytam cmjv{So-b-{]-h¿Ø-\ßtfm C√. Hcp aX-Øns‚ t]cn-emWv `cWw \S-°p-∂-Xv. kwkvIm-c-Ønep≈ hyXymkw hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. \_n ]Tn-∏n® aXtam kwkvIm-ctam A√, Xß-fpsS GIm-[n-]Xyw \ne\n¿Øm≥ klm- b - I - a mb hn[Ønep≈ hymJym-\t- Øm-Sp-Iq-Snb Hcnkvem-am-W-h¿ ]Tn-∏n-°p-∂-Xv. Cu kmwkvIm-cnI AI¬®-bn¬ \n∂p-≠mhp-∂X - m-bn-cn-°W - w bqtdm∏pw apkvenw cmPy-ßfpw XΩn-ep≈ Akzm-c-ky߃. ? C¥y-bn-te-°p≈ Ckvemans‚ BK-a\w kw_-‘n®v X¿°ßƒ \ne-\n¬°p-∂p-≠-t√m. Hcp Ncn-{X-]-fin-X≥ F∂ \ne-bn¬ kmdns‚ A`n-{]m-bw. C¥y- b n- t e- ° p≈ Ckv e mans‚ BK-a\w ]e- hn-[-Øn-em-bn-cp∂p. tIcf-Øn¬ hntZ-in-I-fmb I®h-S° - mcpw anj-Wd - n-Ifpw aptJ-\b - m-bncp∂p AXv. Ckvemw am{X-a-√, _p≤nkhpw {InkvXpaXhp-sa√mw Aß-s\X-s∂. IS¬ am¿K-ap≈ hmWn-Py-ambn- c p∂p \m´p- c m- P m- ° ≥am- c psS ImeØv \ΩpsS {][m\hcp- a m- \ am¿Kw. I®-h-S-Øn\v Ccp-I-£n-I-fpw XΩn¬ \√ _‘hpw hnizm-khpw thWw. Ad-_n-Iƒ°m-hs´ a‰m¿°mhs´ Cu \mSp-ambn \√-co-Xn-bn¬ I®hS _‘-Øn-te¿s∏-SW - s - a-¶n¬ Chn-

S-Øp-Im-cn¬ \n∂p≈ kvt\lhpw kwc-£W - h - p-ap-s≠-¶nte Ign-bq. tIcf-Øn¬ h∂ Ad-_n-If - m-hs´ AXn\v sIm≈m- h p- ∂ - h n- [ - Ø n¬ Db¿∂ kwkvIm-c-ap-≈-h-cm-bn-cp-∂p. AXn\m¬ apkvenw anj-Wd - n-am¿ Chn-SØ - pIm¿°v AXn-Yn-If - m-bn-cp∂p. Chn-SØ - pIm¿ Ahsc Aß-s\-Xs∂ kzoI-cn®p. t\sc- a - d n®v DØ- t c- ¥ y- b n¬ ssk\nI Ckvem-amWv hcp-∂-Xv. DZml-c-W-Øn\v apl-ΩZv tKmdn. ChnSsØ aX-ßsf \in-∏n-°p-Ibpw Aºe-ßfpw a‰pw sIm≈-b-Sn®v Ahn-S-ßfnse kzØv A^vKm-\n-te°pw a‰pw IS-Øn-s°m-≠p-t]m-Ip-Ibpw sNbvXh - cm-W-h¿. Aßs\ Ah¿ ]c-kv]c sshc-Øns‚ hnØp-]m-In. \_n-bpsS ImesØ ]cn-jvIr-Xc - mb Ad-_n-Iƒ BWv ChnsS h∂-Xv. DØtc-¥y-bnse-Øn-bXv \_n-bp-sS Ime-tijw aXw- am- d nb Xp¿°n, A^v K m≥ {]mIrX h¿§-°mcpw. apKƒ ]ocn-bUn¬ CXn\v am‰w h∂p. _m_¿, lpa-bq¨ apX-em-b-h¿ Ckvemw aX hnizm-kn-If - m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Xo{h-hmZn- I ƒ Bbn- c p- ∂ n- √ . Ah- c psS ssk\nI Xe-h≥amsc P\-߃°v CjvSa - m-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-cn¬ lnμp-°f - pw apkvenw-Ifpw F√m-hc - p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kq^n-Ifpw {_m“Wcpw D≠m-bn-cp∂p. B N{I-h¿Øn-am¿ ^ntem-k^¿am-cm-bn-cn-∂p. Ah¿°v Ckvemw Hcp CSp-ßnb aX-am-bn-cp-∂n-√. AIv_dm-sW-¶n¬ "Zos\ Cemln' ÿm]n®v F√m aX- ß ƒ°pw AwKo- I mcw \¬In. F∂m¬ Hudw-Kk - o_v adn-®mbn-cp-∂p. At±lw apkvenw-I-f-√m-Øh-tcmSv bp≤w sNbvXp. AtXm-Sp-IqSn C¥y-bn¬ `qcn-]£w Bfp-If - p-sSbpw ]n¥p- W - b p- ≠ m- b n- c p∂ apKƒ km{amPyw C√m-Xm-bn. B bp≤-ßfpsS IpSn-∏I - b - mWv ]n∂oSv Chn-SsØ kap-Zm-b-ß-fpsS a\- n¬ \ne-\n-∂pt]m-∂-Xv. {_n´o-jp-Im¿ h∂-t∏mƒ Ah¿ AXn\v Xobpw hnd-Ip-an´v Pzen∏n- ® p. AXv am‰n- s b- S p- ° m- \ mWv Km‘nPn {ian-®-Xv. ]s£, BZyw Km‘n-Pn-bp-sSbpw tIm¨{K- n-s‚bpw IqsS-bm-bn-cp∂ Pn∂ ]n∂oSv apkvenwIƒ°pw lnμp-°ƒ°pw Hcp-an®v Pohn°m-\m-hn√ F∂ hmZ-KX - n-bp-ambn cwKØp-h∂v cmPyw hn`-Pn-°p∂ ÿnXn-

43


h-cp-Øn. Hcp-an-s®mcp cmPy-°m-cmbn Pohn-t°-≠n-bn-cp∂ P\X c≠p cmPyambn Xncn™v C∂pw hg-°-Sn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂p. AXm-Wt√m Iivao¿ {]iv\Ø - n-s‚bpw ASn-ÿm- \ - w. ]m°nÿm≥ Imivao-cn-te°v Nmth-dp-Isf Ab®v Cu XΩn-eSn \ne-\n¿Øp-∂p. AXpsIm≠pXs∂ ]m°n-ÿm-\n¬ P\-Po-hn-X-Øn¬ Hcp ]ptcm-K-Xnbpw D≠m-hp-∂n-√. ? kq^nIƒ XnI®pw hyXykvXc-t√. kln-jvWp-X-bt√ kq^nk-Øn¬ ImWp-∂X - v. AsX, kq^n-Iƒ am{Xw. h_mln-Iƒ Aß-s\-b-√. AIv_¿ \nkmap-±o≥ Huen-bb - psS ]mX-bn-em-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm-≠m-W-t±-l-Øn\v A{Xbpw Xpd∂ a\-ÿn-Xn-°m-c-\m-Im≥ Ign™-Xv. h_m-ln-I-fpsS kwkvIm-c iq\y-X-bmWv Ckvem-ans\ tami-s∏Sp-Øn-bX - v. ? 1921 se Jnem-^Øv ka-c-

36

Øns‚ sXmÆqdmw hm¿jn-Ia - m-bX - n\m¬ ]te-SØpw AXv kw_-‘n® N¿®bpw ]p\¿hm-b-\bpw \S-°p-Ibm-Wt√m. F¥m-bn-cp∂p B kw`h-Øns‚ bYm¿∞ kz`m-hw. Hcp kw`-h-Øn\v ]e apJßfp≠m- b n- c n- ° pw. AXn¬ GsX¶nepw Hcp apJw am{X-sa-SpØv B kw`- h sØ hne- b n- c p- Ø p- ∂ Xv icnb√. ae-_m¿ Iem-]sØ Hcp I¿jI Iem]w am{X-ambn Nn{Xo-Ic - n®p-sIm-≠p≈ CS-Xp-]£ hne-bn-cpج CØ-c-Øn-ep-≈-Xm-Wv. I¿jI Iem-]-am-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ AØ-c-Ønep≈ Hcp ap{Zm-hmIyw Iem-]I - m-cn-Iƒ Db¿Øn-bX - mbn Bcpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-ØmØ-sX-¥v? apkvenw-I-f-√mØ I¿j-Iscm∂pw Iem-]Ø - n¬ ]s¶-Sp-ØX - mbn Adn-bp-∂p-an-√. a‰p Nne¿ Hcp lnμp apkvenw Iem-]-ambn AXns\ Nn{XoI-cn-°p-∂p. AXn-i-tbm‡n Ie¿∂ Ipsd sI´p-I-Y-Iƒ AXn-\p-t]m¬_-

e-I-ambn D≤-cn®v kwXr-]vXn-b-S-bpIbpw sNøp-∂p. {_n´o-jp-Im-cpsS hcthmsS hgn-bm-[m-c-am-°-s∏´ I¿jI¿°v Iem]w k¿°m¿ hncp≤ Iem]w F∂- X n- t \m- s Sm∏w P∑n hncp≤ Iem-]-hp-am-bn-cp-∂n-cn-°mw. ]s£ Ah¿Æ lnμp-°fpw P∑n-amcpsS a¿±-\-߃°v ]m{X-am-bn-cp-∂t√m. Ah- s c- ¥ p- s Im≠v el- f °v apXn¿∂n-√? apkvenw-Iƒ Xs∂ Gd\mSv A√m-Øb - n-Sß - f - n¬ CØ-cs - amcp Iem-]-Øn\v apXn-cm-Xn-cp-∂Xv F¥psIm-≠v? CØcw ]e hi-ßfpw Kthj-Wm-fl-I-ambn hne-bn-cp-Øn-bn-´pthWw samØ- Ø n¬ C¥y- b psS kzmX-{¥y-k-a-c-Øns‚ Hcp \n¿ÆmbI \mgn-I-°-√mb {]kvXpX kw`-hsØ-°p-dn®v Hcp \nK-a\ - Ø - n-se-Øm≥ F∂m-sWs‚ A`n-{]m-bw. ? \ap°v th≠{X lyqa¨ dntkm- g v k kpw \mNz- d ¬ dntkmgv k kpw D≠m- b n- ´ pw F¥p- s Im≠mWv ]m›m-Xy-sc-t∏mse ]ptcm-Kan-°m-\m-hm-ØX - ?v kmº-ØnI {]iv\-߃ ]cnl-cn-°m≥ ]m›m-Xy¿°v Ign-™n-´p≠v. Chn-S-sØ-t∏mse AhnsS PmXn{]-iv\-an-√. AXp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂ PmXn°-\p-k-cn®v tPmen- Xn-cn-°epan√. sXmgn-em-fnbpw apX-em-fnbpw XΩn¬ PmXn-]c - a - mb th¿Xn-cn-hn-√. Hc-ft- hmfw ]c-kv]c ]cn-KW - \ - bpw kl-Ic - W - h - pap-≠v. ]ns∂ C≥U-kv{Sn-b¬ dh-eyqj≥ BZyw Cw•-≠nepw ]ns∂ P¿a\n-bn-ep-am-Wt√m \S-°p-∂-Xv. Ah¿ Aßs\ Hcp- ] mSv apºn- e m- W v. lyqa¨ dntkm-gvkkv D≠m-bn-s´¥m th≠{X sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃ krjvSnt°-t≠? ChnsS hym]m-c-ta-J-e-Iƒ Xpd-°m-ØX - p-sIm-≠t√ hnZym-`ym-ka - p≈-h-scms° ]pdw cmPy-ß-fn-te-°pt]m-Ip-∂-Xv? cmPy-kvt\lw sIm≠p-

BZyw Km‘n-Pn-bp-sSbpw tIm¨{K- n-s‚bpw IqsS-bm-bn-cp∂ Pn∂ ]n∂oSv apkvenwIƒ°pw lnμp-°ƒ°pw Hcp-an®v Pohn-°m-\m-hn√ F∂ hmZ-K-Xn-bp-ambn cwK-Øp-h∂v cmPyw hn`-Pn-°p∂ ÿnXn-h-cp-Øn. Hcp-an-s®mcp cmPy-°m-cmbn Pohn-t°-≠n-bn-cp∂ P\X c≠p cmPyambn Xncn™v C∂pw hg-°-Sn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p.

44


am{Xw ChnsS Bfp- I sf ]nSn- ® p\n¿Øm≥ Ign- b n- √ . kmº- Ø nI ÿnXn `{Z-am-°m≥ Ign-bW - w. tIhe cmPy-kvt\-lw-sIm≠v Pohn-°m≥ ]‰ptam. kmº-Øn-Im-hÿ `{Z-am-°m≥ Bh-iy-amb Xc-Øn-ep≈ Bkq-{X-WamWv th≠Xv. Bkq-{X-W-an-√msX {]IrXn hn`-h-߃ Iptd-bp-≠m-bn-s´¥p-Im-cyw? sXmgn-e-h-k-c-߃ th≠ {X krjvSn-°W - w. ? sXmgn-eh - k - c - ß - ƒ krjvSn°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂X - n\v BcmWv Imc-W°m¿. tIc-f-Ønse Imcyw tNmZn®m¬ IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Im¿ F∂p-Xs∂ Rm≥ ]dbpw. ChnsS em≥Uv dnt^mw \S-∂p. AXn\v ]e ]m¿´n-Ifpw tbm Pn®v {]h¿Øn-®p. Aßs\ P∑nXzw Ah-km-\n-®p. At∏mƒ am¿Ivkn-ÃpIƒ hnNm-cn®p: P≥anØw Ah-km-\n®m¬ hyh-kmbw hcpw. hyh-kmbw D≠m-bm¬ apX-em-fnØw hcpw. AXv X߃ ]Tn® XXz-߃s°-Xn-cmIpw. AXn-\m¬ AsXm-∂p-ap-≠m-I-cpXv. CXmWv \ne-]m-Sv. AXp-sIm-s≠-¥p≠m-bn? Chn-SsØ A`y-kX v h - n-Zy¿°pw A√m-Øh - ¿°psams° \mSp-hn-tS-≠nh-cp-∂p. Aßs\ Ah¿ Kƒ^v cmPyß- f n¬ apX- e m- f nØw sI´n- ∏ - S p°m\p≈ {ia-Øn¬ ]¶m-fn-If - m-Ip∂p. ]sØm- º Xmw \q‰m- ≠ n¬ Imd¬ am¿Ivkv I≠ apX-em-fn-Ø-a√ C∂p≈-Xv. AXns‚ AeIpw ]nSnbpw amdn°-gn-™n-cn-°p-∂p.

Kƒ^nse tlm´-epI-fn-se hnSp-]Wn sNøp∂Xv djy- ° m- c mb ]mhs∏´ kv{XoI-fm-Wv. Aß\sØ Hc-hÿ kwPm-Xam-bn. Aßs\ AXv s]m fn-™p. tkmhn-b‰v bqWnb≥ F¥p-sIm≠v XI¿ ∂p F∂v N¿® sNøm≥ IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Iƒ Xøm-d-√.

? At∏mƒ apX- e m- f nØw Bh-iy-am-tWm. apX-emfnØw C√m-Xm-bX - mWv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ XI¿®°v ImcW-am-bX - .v a‰p cmPy-ßf - n¬ hyh-kmbw hf¿∂-t∏mƒ Bfp-Iƒ°v kmº-ØnI kpÿnXn ssIh-cn-°m≥ Ign™p. hnZym-`ym-ka - p-≠m-bn. CS-Øc - ° - m-cpsS ÿnXn sa®-s∏-´p. F∂m¬ se\ns‚ t\Xr-Xz-Øn¬ djy-bn¬ hnπ-h-ØneqsS aptºm´pt]mIm-sa∂v Xocp-am-\n®p. X¬^-ea - mbn AhnsS hyh-kmbw hf¿∂n√. Kƒ^nse tlm´-ep-If - n-se hnSp-]Wn sNøp-∂Xv djy-°m-cmb ]m h-s∏´ kv{XoI-fm-Wv. Aß-\sØ Hchÿ kwPm-X-am-bn. Aßs\ AXv s]mfn-™p. tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-b≥ F¥p-sIm≠v XI¿∂p F∂v N¿® sNøm≥ IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-Iƒ Xøm-d-√. Ata-cn° XI¿Øp F∂m-W-h¿ ]dbp-I. Rm≥ tamkv tIm bqWn-th-gvkn‰n-bn¬ D≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ]d-™t- √m. AhnsS A∂v P\-߃°v ]´n-Wn-bmWv. tamkvtIm \K-c-Øn¬ hsc ]´nWn. Hcp sX‰mb sFUn- t bm- f Pn {]Imcw {]h¿Øn-®-Xns‚ Zpc-¥w. ]s£ apX-em-fn-Ø-Øn-\p-ap≠v Ipsd Zu¿_-ey-߃. AXv ]cn-l-cn-t°-≠Xm-Wv. F∂m¬ djy-°m¿ AXns\ _ew-{]-tbm-Kn®v ASn-®a - ¿Øm≥ {ian®p. HSp- h n¬ Ahn- S sØ P\߃Xs∂ P\m-[n-]Xy coXn-en-bqsS B `c-WsØ adn-®n-´p. Hcp-\√ PohnX-coXn krjvSn-°m≥ apX-em-fn-ØØn\mWv C∂pw Ign-bp-∂Xv. IΩyqW-nk - Ø - n\v Ign-bn-√s - b-∂X - ns‚ sXfnhmWv tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ XI¿®. ? Ata-cn-°-bp-ambn C¥y BW-hI - c - m-dn¬ G¿s∏-´X - n-s\-°p-dn®v... \ΩpsS Ah-ÿ- sh-®p-t\m°p-tºmƒ hfsc AXym-h-iy-am-bncp∂p AXv. IΩyq-Wn-Ãp-IfmWv {][m\-ambpw AXns\ FXn¿Ø-Xv. Ah¿ Aß-s\-bm-Wv. BZy-Ime IΩyq-WnÃp-Iƒ ]mh-߃°p-th≠n \ne-sIm≠n- c p- ∂ p. ]s£ Ah¿ C¥ysb tkmhn-b‰v bqWn-bs‚ tImf-\n-bm°m≥ {ian- ® p. 1942 hsc tZiob {]ÿm-\Ø - ns‚ H∏w \n∂ IΩyq-WnÃp-Im¿ ]n∂oSv {_n´-s‚-IqsS tN¿∂p.

C¥y°v kzmX{¥yw In´n-b-t∏mƒ BZyw \ntj-[m-fl-I-am-bn-cp∂p AXnt\m-Sp≈ Ah-cpsS kao-]\ - w. ImcWw hnπ-h-Øn-eq-sS am{Xta kzmX{¥yw In´q F∂mWv am¿Ivkv ]d-™n-cn-°p∂-Xv. Rm≥ ]Ømw-¢m-kn¬ ]Tn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p kzmX-{¥y-{]m-]vXnbpsS h¿jw. A∂-h¿ hn`-P-\-hm-ZsØ ]n¥p-W® - p. "sk¬^v Un‰¿an-t\j≥' F∂ Hcp Xnb-dn-hsc Ah¿ AXn-\pth≠n Bhn- j v I - c n- ® p. F∂m¬ apkvenw-Iƒ AXns‚ t]cn¬ c≠mbn´v ]ncn-bp-Ib - m-Wp-≠m-bX - v. HcpIq-´¿ C¥y-bn¬ \n∂p. as‰m-cp-Iq-´¿ ]m°nÿm- s \m- ∏ - h pw. IΩyq- W n- à p- I ƒ BZyw `c-WL - S- \ - sb AwKo-Ic - n-®n-√. Ah¿ ]m¿en-sa‚dn knÃ-sØ- Xs∂ \in-∏n-°m-\mWv t\m°n-b-Xv. 1942 apX¬ Ah-cpsS \ne-]mSv cmPy-t{Zml-]c - a - m-Wv. CXp-hsc amdn-bn-´n-√. C\n amdptam F∂m-thm? ? BtKm-fhXvIcWw F∂ {]Xn-`m-k-sØ-°p-dn®v F¥p-]-d-bp∂p. BtKm- f - h - X v I - c Ww BcpsSbpw Ir{Xna krjvSn-b-√. kmºØnI hf¿®-bnepw hymh-km-bnI ]ptcm-K-Xn-bnepw a‰p cmPy-ß-fp-ambp≈ a’-c-Øn¬ Ata-cn° apt∂dn. Ct∏mƒ C¥ybpw ssN\bpw Atacn-°s - °m∏w FØn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. kz¥w Ign-hp-sIm≠pw hn`-h-ß-sfsIm-≠p-amWv Ata-cn° ap≥]-¥n-bnse-Øn-bX - v. AXn-\m-¬ BtKm-fh - X - vIcWw kzoI-cn-°p-I, ]cn-Xy-Pn-°pI Fs∂m∂pw ]d-bp-∂-Xn-e¿∞-an-√. kmº-ØnI ÿnXn-bmWv cmPy-Øns‚ as‰√m taJ-eI - s - fbpw \nb-{¥n-°p-∂Xv. am\-h-ti-jnbpw {]IrXnhn`-hßfpw icn-bmb coXnbn¬ B¿°m tWm D]-tbm-Kn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂Xv, Ah¿ ap≥]-¥n-bn-se-Øpw. ssN\ IΩyq-Wnkw Dt]-£n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿°pw Cu Zni-bn¬ apt∂-dm-\m-hp-∂p-≠v. Hcp ImeØv Atd-_y≥ cmPy-ßf - m-bn-cp∂p imkv{XØn¬ apºn¬ \n∂Xv. ]Xn-\memw \q‰m-≠n\p tijw bqtdm-]y≥ cmPy߃ Hcp-]mSv I≠p-]n-Sp-Ø-߃ \SØn. Aßs\ AXp-]-tbm-Kn®v Ah¿ a‰p-cm-Py-ß-fpsS ta¬ B[n-]Xyw

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kmº-ØnI hf¿®-bnepw hymh-km-bnI ]ptcm-KX - n-bnepw a‰p cmPy-ßf- p-am-bp≈ a’c-Øn¬ Ata-cn° apt∂-dn. Ct∏mƒ C¥ybpw ssN\bpw Ata-cn-°-s°m∏w FØn-s°m≠n-cn-°p-∂p. kz¥w Ign-hp-sIm≠pw hn`-h-ß-sf-sIm-≠p-amWv Ata-cn° ap≥]-¥n-bn-seØn-b-Xv. AXn-\m-¬ BtKm-f-h-XvI-cWw kzoI-cn-°p-I, ]cn-Xy-Pn-°pI Fs∂m∂pw ]dbp-∂-Xn-e¿∞-an-√.

ÿm]n-®p. C∂v B[n-]-Xy-an√. a’c-am-Wp-≈-Xv. B¿°mtWm a\p-jy-hn`-hß - fpw {]IrXnhn`-hß - fpw icn-bmwhÆw D]-tbm-Kn-°m-\m-hp-∂X - v, Ah¿ ap∂n-se-Øpw. A√msX BtKm-fh - X - I v c-WsØ XS-bm-s\m∂pw ]‰n-√. ? C¥y≥ lnÃdn Iu¨knens‚ sNb¿am-\m-bn-cns° Fs¥m s° sNøm-\m-bn. Rm≥ ]e Kh¨sa‚p-I-fpsS Iognepw tPmen sNbvXn-´p-≠v. As∂m s° I≠ Hcp s]mXp sshjayw F ∂p-]-d-bp-∂Xv F√m ]m¿´n°pw A[nImcw U¬ln tI{μn-X-ambn-cn-°Ww F∂p-≈X - m-W.v GI-tZiw 80 iX-am\w ^≠pw U¬ln°p Np‰p-ap≈ bqWn-thgvkn-‰n-Iƒ°mWv \¬In-bn-cp-∂X - .v Z£ntW-¥y°v hfsc Ipdhm- b n- c p- ∂ p. Rm≥ sIm≠p- h ∂ Hcp am‰w F√m ]≤- X nIfpw F√m bqWn-thgvkn-‰n-Iƒ°pw In´p-amdm°n F∂- X m- W v . c≠m- a sØ t\´w U¬ln tI{μo-Ic - n-®p≈ lnÃ-dn Iu¨knen\v hS- ° p- I ng- ° pambnambn c≠v {]mtZinI Hm^o- k p- I ƒ ÿm]n-°m≥ Ign-™p-sh-∂XmWv. aq∂m-asØ t\´w F√m Xocp-am-\ßfpw dnt∏m¿´p-Ifpw Aπn-t°-j≥ t^map-Ifpw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ønb \yqkv se‰- d p- I ƒ F√m k¿Δ- I - e m- i m- e Iƒ°pw apΩq-∂p-amkw IqSp-tºmƒ hne hmßmsX Ab-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂X - neqsS Hm^o-kn¬ kpXm-cyX hcpØn

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46

F∂p-≈X - m-W.v ? kmdns‚ Ct∏m- g sØ {][m\ {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ. 95 \v tijw iºfw hmßn-bn´p≈ ]cn-]m-Sn-sb√mw \n¿Øn-sh-®p. ]ns∂ Nne bqWn-th-gvkn‰nIfn¬ dnk¿®v ssKUv Bbn h¿°v sNøp∂p. ]pkv X - I - ß ƒ {Sm≥kv t e‰v sNbvXp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. kuØn¥y≥ \yqankvam-‰nIv skmssk-‰n-bpsS {]kn-U‚mWv. tIcfm kvIqƒ Hm^v amØ-am-‰n-Ivkn\pth≠n Nne ]T-\߃ \S-Øp-∂p. tIcfm lnÃdn FgpXn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂p. Nne-∏X - n-Im-cs - Ø∏‰n Hcp Kth-jW {]_‘w Xøm-dm-

°p-∂p. B¿´v, Iƒ®¿, sldn-t‰Pv taJe-I-fn¬ D∂X Kth-jWw t{]m’mln-∏n-°m-\p≈ {][m-\a - {- ¥n-bpsS ]≤Xn-b-\p-k-cn®v AXn-\p-th≠n \mjW¬ ske-£≥ IΩn-‰n-bn¬ AwKambn {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. AtXm-sSm∏w tI{μ-Kh - ¨sa‚ns‚ hI-bmbn F√m `mj-If - n-ep-ap≈ hn⁄m\ {KŸ-߃

At\ym\yw X¿Pa sNøm-\p≈ \mjW¬ {Sm≥k-vte-j≥ anj-\n¬ D]-tZi-I-\mbpw {]h¿Øn-°p-∂p. ? Rß-fpsS ÿm]-\-Ønse A[ym-]-I¿°pw hnZym¿∞nƒ°pambn kmdn\v \¬Im-\p≈ ktμ-iw. A[ym-]-I¿ Xß-fpsS I¿Xhy-tØmSv \qdp-i-X-am\w Bflm¿∞Xbpw kXy- k - ‘ - X bpw Iqdpw ]pe¿Øp-∂-h-cm-bn-cn-°p-I. ]Tn-∏n°p∂ hnj-bØ - n¬ IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ Kth-jW ]T-\-߃ \S-Øn-s°m-≠ncn-°p-I. hnZym¿∞nIfn¬, kzbw ]Tn°-W-sa∂ ]Sn-™m-d≥ hnZym¿∞n-IfpsS at\m-`mhw hf¿Øp-I. tIc-fob¿ a‰p-≈-h-tc-°mƒ tIa-∑m-cm-sW∂ hnNmcw B¿°p-ap-≠mI- c p- X v. \msa- s ¥¶nepw t\Sn-bn-´p-s≠¶n¬ AXv \Ωp- s S \m´p-Im¿ Kƒ^v \mSpI- f n¬ t]mbn ITn\ambn tPmen sNbv Xn-´m-Wv. a‰p kwÿm\-°m-cpsS, {]tXy-In®v Xan- g v \ m- ´ p- I m- c psS, ÿnXn AX-√. Ah ¿°p-th-≠s - X√mw A h¿ Ahn-sS-bp-≠m-°p∂p. Irjnbpw hyhkm-b-hp-sam-s°. \ap °v AXv amXr-Ib - m-°mw.

Xøm-dm-°n-bXv:˛ hn. inh-Zm-k≥ amÿ Bcn^v apl-ΩZv hn.-sI. A¿j-Zv sI. apl-ΩZv Alvk≥ sI.


kt¥mjv

I-Æn-amß

ss^\¬ _n.-tImw.

Ab-esØ amhn≥ apI-fn-te°p shbn-e-Øp-\n-∂p-sIm-≠pÆn t\m°n DÆn-X≥ IÆp sN∂p-]-Xn®p IÆn-am-ßs - bm-∂X - ns‚ sImºn¬. IÆna sh´m-X-Xns‚ t\¿°m˛ bpÆn kIu-XpIw t\m°p-t∂cw "Rm≥ I≠ amß-°p-cp-∂ns\ \o t\m°-≠'-sb∂p Nne®p sIm≠v AÆm-c° - Æ - \ - p-≠tßs°mºn˛ epÆnsb t\m°n-°-b¿Øn-Sp-∂p. ]g-a-Xn≥ ]mI-Øn-se-Øn-bn´p ]Xnsb h∂o-º-W-sa∂ ]qXn D≈nepw sh®p Ign-bp-s∂m-c˛ °≈-\-ßp-Æn-b-e-´mbv amdn. F√m-¿°pw ^ehpw XW-ep-taIn \t√m-fmbv \n¬°p-a-Ωm-hn-\-t∏mƒ Ne-\s - am-∂p-≠mbv Ipfn¬°m-‰n-\m¬ ee-\mw-K-b-h-f-Xn¬ \rØ-amSn emf-\-ta-‰-t]m¬ amß-b-t∏mƒ

eme-kn-s®m∂p Ipep-ßn-bm-Sn. Is√-Sp-Øp-Æn-sbm-tc-sd-dn™p \t√m-W-ta-‰p-t]mbv amß-bv°-Xp. HmSn-t∏m-bXp I≠n-´Æ - m-¿°Æ≥ Hcp-]mSp Zqtcbv°p `oXn-tbm-sS. HmSm-\d - n-bmØ IÆn-amß thZ-\-tb‰p ]pf-™p- tase. ho≠p-sam-tc-dn-\m¬ X≥ Icp-Øm¬ hogvØn-b-Ωm-ß-sb-bpÆn Xmsg. "hcp-am-bn-cp-∂ns√ ]mI-ambv Rm≥ [c-Wn-bn¬ \n≥ Iøn¬ a[p-c-ambn Cf-a-bn-ses∂ cpNn-®o-Sp-In¬ ]pfnbpw Ih¿∏p-ambv tXm∂p-Int√? £abn-√-sb-¶n¬ ]ns∂-¥p-sNøpw aa-Po-h≥ shdpsX l\n-®pht√'. CXp-sNm√n DÆn-X≥ hmbn-te°p ]Xn-sb-°-S-∂p-t]mbv IÆn-amß. cpNn-]-‰m-Xp-Ss\ Nh-®p-X≈n ]Np-hm-sbmc-°Æ - n-am-ßb - pÆn.

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D’-h-Im-esØ thj-߃ cmP≥ I-cp-hm-cI - p≠v

thZn-bn¬ \nd-™m-Sp∂ km¥m-t¢m- ns\ Iyma-d° - Æp- I ƒ H∏n- s b- S p- Ø p. Xmfm- fl - I - a mb Nph- S p- s h- b v ∏ pIƒs°m∏w h¿Æ-߃ ]qØp-e-™p. Np‰pw IqSn-b-h¿ ssIbp-b¿Øn Bth-iw-sIm≠v H∂n-®p- Np-h-Sp-sh®v B\μ-\rØw XpS-ßn. tjm∏nwKv amfn-\p- ap-∂n¬ sI´n Db¿Ønb thZn-bn¬ Hcp tjm IqSn Ah-km-\n® \n¿hrXn Abm-fpsS apJØv sXfn-™p. {Inkva v A∏q-∏\pw tPm°dpw amem-J-amcpw Ah-c-h-cpsS amf-ß-fn-te°v Bƒ°q-´-Øn-eqsS Cg-™p. I\-I-s°m-´m-c-Øn¬ ]Iepw cm{Xnbpw Htc bqWnt^m-an-emWv aÆnse CS-b≥am-sc√mw FtØ-≠-Xv. _lp\ne sI´n-S-Ønse G‰hpw apI-fn-ep≈ sIm®p-ap-dn-bn¬ Abmƒ thj-߃ Agn®v ASn-hkv{Xw Ducn-sb-dn™v jh¿ Xpd-∂p. Im¬®p-h´- nse ImgvNI - ƒ A\y-am-°nb IpS-hb - d - n-\pap-I-fn¬ sh≈w ]q°p-‰n-bmbn sXdn-®p-ho-Wp. tZlw apgph≥ kpJn-∏n-®p-sIm≠v XWp∏v ]S¿∂p-I-b-dn. kpJ-sØ ]p-W¿∂v XWp∏v s]mSp-∂s\ thdn-´p. Abmƒ hm¬hv CStØm´pw he-tØm´pw Xncn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. ]cn-Nn-X-K‘w han-®p-sIm-≠p≈ hmbp-hn-eqsS Hmtcm C‰p-sh≈w In\n-™p. sh≈w Ft∏mƒ hcpw t]mIp-sa-s∂m∂pw B¿°pw Hcp \n›-b-hp-an-√. B¿°pw BtcmSpw ]cm-Xnbpw ]cn-`-hhp-an-√. \Kcw AXn-s\mØv amdn-°-gn-™p. ]X™ tkm∏pIp-an-f-Iƒ H∏n-sb-SpØv Xph¿Øp- Np‰n Abm-ƒ hnfn-®p. ""I¿Ømth'' Abmƒ Pme-I-߃ Xpd-∂n-´p. ^vssf Hm-hdpw \ncØpw hml-\-߃sIm≠v \nd-

40

48


™n-cn-°p-∂p. {Inkva pw \yq C-bdpw kz¥-am-°m≥ Iº-\n-Iƒ Ah-km\ du≠v a’-c-Øn-se-Øn. C\n Bcv Pbn-°p-sat∂ t\mt°-≠X - p≈q. ^vssf Hm-h-dn\p Xmsg henb- ]-c-ky-t_m¿Un¬ B¿Øn-tbmsS IÆpw- \´v P\-°q´w s^Ãn-h¬Iq∏¨ Xncn®pw adn®pw t\m°n \º-cpIƒ a\:]mT- a m- ° p∂p. C\n B¿°mhpw Imdv kΩm-\a - mbn In´pI? Hmtcm IÆnepw BImw-£bpsS an∂-em-´w. \K-cØ - n\v Dd-°t- a-bn-√. cm{Xn bpw ]I-ep-an-√msX P\w Hgp-In-sbØp-Ib - m-W.v a’-cØ - n-\n-Sb - n¬ Unkw_-dnse a™p-ho-gp∂ cm{Xn-Iƒ \Kc-Øn\v A\y-am-bn. cm{Xnsb XI¿Øv kz]v\ß - ƒ Du‰n-sb-SpØv Imim-°p∂ hn\n-ab N{I-hm-f-Øn-te°v Pme-I-߃ Xpd∂p-sh-®n-cn°p-∂p. ka-b-Øn-s\m∏w b{¥-ß-sf-t∏mse Nen-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°p∂ ico-chpw a\- pw. F√mw \jvS-s∏-´-Xns‚ k¶-S°-Se - n-emWv Abm-fn-t∏mƒ. _‘-߃ ]W-Øn-\p-th≠n am{X-am-hp-∂p. apIfn¬ BIm-ihpw Xmsg- `q-anbpw C√mXm-hp-∂-Im-ew. Zb F∂ hm°n\v A¿∞w NnI-™m-tem-Nn-°p-I-bmWv Abmƒ. Znh-k-ß-tfmfw samss_¬ Hm^m-bn-cp-∂p. _‘-ß-sf√mw am‰nsh-t®-]-‰q. h√-t∏mgpw In´p∂ CS-thf-If - n¬ IÆp-Nn-Ωp-∂X - n-\p-apºv Abmƒ Hcp kmaq-ly-Po-hnbmb-dn-bp-Ibpw Pohn-®n-cn-∏p≠v F∂p hniz-kn-°pIbpw sNøp-∂p. ]cn-`h - Ø - ns‚ sI´-gn®v Ahƒ Ft∂m Hcp-X-hW hnfn-®p. H∂pw ]q¿Øo-I-cn-®n-√. A¿[-hn-cmaw PohnX-Øns‚ {]Xo-£-I-fm-Wt√m F∂v Biz-kn-®n-cn-°p-tºmƒ Ah≥ hnfn®p ]d-™p: UmUn hcptºm {Inkv a  v {^≠n-\p≈ kΩm\w ad-°t- √. Fs‚ {^≠v Pko-¥-bm. \m¬]Xv e£ Øn\p t]mcm-Sp∂ Ip´n. Ah-sf-\n°v

ss^hvv Xuk‚n s‚ do®m¿÷v Iq∏¨ X∂p. XI¿∏≥ Fkv.-Fw.-F-kv. Ab-°em Ct∏mƒ ]Wn. kΩm-\ambn Hcp kz¿Æ-am-e-bn¬ Ipd-®v.... hm°p-Iƒ apdn-™p. t^m¨ \n›-e-ambn. s\‰vh¿ °v _nkn. C\n Ft∏mƒ icn-bm-hpsa-∂m¿°-dn-bmw. Hcp ss{]h‰v Iº\n-bpsS knwIm¿Uv FSp-Øp-sh-°m≥ F√m-hcpw \n¿_-‘n-®-Xm. Abm-fpsS Akzm-ÿy-ß-fnte°v {]Im-iw-]c - Øn AhƒtNm-Zn-®p. ""tZ, Fs‚ t^msW-SptØm'' t^m¨ aSn-bn-te-°n´v Ahƒ Pme-IØ - n-\S- psØ s]´n-∏p-dØ - n-cp∂v IÆm-Sn-bn¬ t\m°n apJ-ku-μ-cyØn\p t]md-te¬∏n-°p∂ ]mSp-Iƒ Aa¿Øn XpS-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. Xpfp- º p∂ amdn- S - Ø n¬ G ‰hpw ]pXnb tamU¬ B`-c-W-߃ Xq°n ]p©n-cn-s]m-gn®v IÆm-Sn-°q-´n¬ Hcp ]I¬ apgp-h≥ Xf-cmsX {]Z¿i\-h-kvXp-hmbn \n∂v Ah-sf-Øn-bncn°p-∂p. £oWw Ahƒ°v _m[n-®pIq-Sm. tdmkv]uU-dn´v an\p-°nb tZlw ImWn-Iƒ°p-th≠n Hcp-°n-b-Xm-Wv. apSn Igp-Øn-s\m∏w sh®v sh´n-sb-SpØn-cn-°p-∂p. tZlw Fßs\ {]Z¿in∏n-°W - s - a∂v Xocp-am-\n-°p-∂Xpw Ahcm-W.v ""Nm®m, C∂n\n Hm^t√''. ""A√, s]mt∂, Itcmƒ Km\hp-ambn t]mWw. Iº-\n-bpsS kvt]m ¨tk¿Uv t{]m{Kmw'' apJw-aq-SnIfpw ta°∏v km[-\ßfpw ASp-°n-sh® tai-°p-Np-h-´n¬ \n∂v Abmƒ km¥m- t ¢m- k ns‚ Nph∂ Iq¿Ø -sXm∏n BZyw am‰nsh-®p. Ac-ßn-\p≈ _eq-Wp-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn DuXn Im‰p-\n-d®p \qen¬ sI´n-Øq-°n. sh≈-ØmSn sh´n-an\p°n sjbv∏p-h-cp-Øn. ""Nm®m, C\n Rm≥ sNømw'' ""th≠, s]mt∂. \n\°v \mtf bpw IÆm-Sn-°q-´n¬ cmP-Ip-am-cn-bm-bncn-t°-≠Xm. \n\°v Hcp t]md-epw

G‰p-IqSm'' kvt\l-Øns‚ Xqh¬kv]¿iambn Ahƒ Xo£v-W-amb \nan-j-ßfn-set∏mtgm tNmZn-®p: ""C{X- I mew ]ncn- ® p- h nSmØXns‚ ko{I´v H∂p ]d-™X - c - q'' ]nip- ° n- √ mØ Nncn- s °m- S phn¬ Abmƒ ]d™p-Xp-S-ßn: ""Cu IpS-hb - d- ns‚ hep∏wsIm≠m C{Xbpw Imew Fw.-Un.°v Fs∂-°p-dn®v adns®m-c`- n-{]m-bh - pan-√m-ØX - .v Nne am¿°‰nwKv amt\-P¿am¿°pw Cu IpS-h-b-dns\-]‰n \√ A`n-{]m-b-am-Wv. ]cn-[n°-∏pdw Fs‚ IpS-h-b¿ s]mßn-bXns‚ t\´w Hmtcm s^Ãn-h-enepw Iº-\n-°m-bn-cp-∂p. {Inkvakv A∏q-∏\mhm\pw, HmWw saKm- Hm- ^ ¿ ImeØv amth- e n- b psS thjw sI´m\pw, Cu \m´nse Bcpw AdnbmsX t]mbn-cp∂ InßnWn D’-hØn\v sIm®-Ω-dm-Wn-bm-hm\pw thsd CXp- t ]mse Hcmsf In´m- Ø - X psIm≠m. Ign™ kok- W n¬ kv { Xoth- j - Ø n¬ dqan- t e- ° p- h - c ptºmƒ en^v ‰ n- \ p- ≈ n¬ sh®mWv ]pXnb Fw.-Un. Fs∂ amdn-te°v hen-®n´v Np≠p-Iƒ ISn-®p-]-dn-®-Xv. A∂p-ap-X¬ F\n°v sNdnb Al¶mcw cq]-s∏-´p. CXp-t]m-se-b-√t√m s]mt∂ \o'' ""{Inkva-kn\v \m´n¬ t]mWn t√'' Pn.-Fw. hnSn-√. ""Nm®m, ImWn- I - f psS a\ nse eP‚m, Fhn- S ∂p ]Tn®p CsXms°?'' AIw Hcp \nanjw au\-Ønte- ° p- h o- W p. au\w Abm- f psS kzmÿyw sISp-Øn. Ft∂m am™pt]mb Hm¿Ω-Iƒ Hmtcm-∂mbn ]p\¿P\n®v X\n-°n-t∏mgpw Hcp Ip´n-°m-eap-s≠∂ bmYm¿∞y-Øn-te°v AbmfpsS thj-߃ Hmtcm-∂mbn AS¿∂p hogm≥ XpS-ßn. * * *

49


aÆpw agbpw \oXp kn.-_n. aq∂mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv

CS-h-∏m-Xnbpw I≈-°¿°n-Shpw CSap-dn-bmsX Hcp {imhWw IqSn s]bvXp-tXm¿∂p. t]mIm-s\m-cp-ßsh h¿j-tØmSv Cud≥ aÆp sNm√n "ho≠pw hcWw.' ]Sn-™m-d≥ Im‰-Is - e-sbØn Xncn™p ssIhoin h¿jw ]d™p: ""ssN{Xhpw sshim-Jhpw Ign™v Rm≥ \\-®n-´Xv \ne-h-d-bn¬ \nd-™m¬ ImØn-cn-°m≥ Cu aÆp-ap-s≠-¶n¬ Rm≥ hcpw''. ag amdn am\w sXfn™p, ag \\® aÆv ss_∏m-km-bn. \o¿t®m-ebv°pw tIm¨{Io‰v ]me-am-bn. aÆns‚ tX߬ tI´mhmw ho≠pw am\w Idp-Øp. Xpºnss° hÆ-Øn¬ IdpØ ag s]bvXp. a\p-jy≥ sI´n-∏-Sp-Ø-sXms° H‰ cm{Xn-s°m-en®pt]mbn. ho≠p-samcp {imhWw IqsS s]bvXp-tXm-tc˛ t]mIm-s\m-cp-ßnb h¿jtØmSv aÆv hnXp-ºn-t∏mbv. ae-I-S-∂-I-e-th, h¿jw ]d™p: ""ImØn-cn-°m≥ Hcp Xcn aÆp-s≠-¶n¬ hcpw Rm≥ ho≠pw !''

42

50


AXv Cu \q‰m-≠n¬ kw`hn-°ptam? A_vZp¬ laoZv ss^kn Aº-e-°-Shv

{]]©w XI¿∂-Sn-bp∂ Hcp Zn\-sØ-°p-dn®v hnip≤ Jp¿-B\pw CX-c-thZ {KŸ-ßfpw ]d-bp-∂p-≠v. kqcy\pw \£-{X-ßfpw \njv{]-`a - m-hpI, kap-{Z-߃ h‰p-I, s]m¥nbpw Xmgv∂pw InS-°p∂ {]tZ-i-ß-sf√mw \nc-∏m-hp-I, ae-Iƒ [qfn-bmbn NnXdp- I , k¿Δhym]Iamb `qan- I p- e p°hpw CSn- a p- g - ° - ß - f p- a p- ≠ m- h p- I , Xpey-X-bn-√mØ henb am‰-ßfpw hnπ-h-ßfpw \S-°p-I ˛ CØcw kw`h-ßt- fm-sS-bm-bn-cn°pw B Zn\w {]Xy£-s∏-Sp-I-sb∂v Jp¿-B-\n¬ \n∂v {Kln-°mw. F∂m¬ B `oIc Zn\w Ft∏mgmWv? IrXy-ambn X¬kw-_-‘-amb Adnhv B¿°pw e`n-®n-´n-√. AXns‚ apt∂m-Sn-bmbn temIØv \S-°p∂ ]e kw`-h-ßfpw AXns‚ kqN-\-I-sft∂mWw \_nhN-\-ß-fn¬ FÆ-s∏´n-cn-°p-∂Xv ImWmw. l{kØv A_p lpssdd (d) ¬ \n∂v Xn¿apZn (d) D≤cn® Hcp \_nhN-\Ø - n¬ AXn-ßs\ hmbn°mw: ""s]mXp-kzØv A\ym-bambn ssIImcyw sNø-s∏-Sp-Ibpw hniz-kvXX \jvS-am-hp-Ibpw k°m Øv IS-ambnØocp-Ibpw atX-Xc hnZym`ymkw {]N-cn-°p-Ibpw `¿Øm-°≥am ¿ DΩ-amsc [n°-cn®v `mcy-amsc A\pk-cn-°p-Ibpw a°ƒ ]n-Xm-°sf AI ‰n kplr-Øp°sf ASp-∏n-°p-Ibpw ]≈n-I-fn¬ \n∂v _l-f-ap-b-cp-Ibpw sXΩm-SnØw {]h¿Øn-°p-∂-hcpw sIm≈- c p- X m- Ø - h cpw kwL- Ø - e h≥amcpw kaq-lt- \-Xm-°fpambn hcnIbpw t{Zmlw `b∂v Bfp-Iƒ _lpam- \ n- ° s∏SpIbpw aZy- ] m- \ hpw

Um≥kpw kwKo-tXm]-I-c-W-ßfpw hym]- I - a m- h p- I bpw ap≥Km- a n- I sf ]n≥Km- a nIƒ Ip‰- s ∏- S p- Ø p- I bpw sNøp∂Xv I≠m¬ Nph∂ Im‰v {]Xo£n-°p-I. `qI-ºhpw `qan- X-InSw adnbepw Bfp-I-fpsS tImew am‰hpw Nc¬am-cnbpw a‰p ZrjvSm-¥-ßfpw Hs∂m-∂n\p ]n∂mse Nc-Sp-s]m-´nb ame-a-Wn-Iƒ t]mse {]Xy-£-am-bns°m-≠n-cn°pw'' Camw apkvenw D≤-cn-®n-´p≈ kpZo¿L-amb as‰mcp \_n-h-N-\Øn¬ temIm- h - k m- \ - Ø ns‚ ASbmfßsf-Æn-tb-SØv "ASna bP-am\s\ {]k- h n- ° p- I bpw, sNcn∏pw hkv { X- ß - f p- a n- √ msX CS- b - ∏ Wn sNbvXp Pohn-®n-cp∂ Zcn-{Z¿ aWn-a-μnc- ß - ƒ ]Wn- b p- ∂ Xv ImWp- I bpw sNøp-''sa∂v {]kvXm-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂p. IqSmsX, sIme-]m-X-I-hpw hy`n-Nmchpw h¿≤n-°p-∂Xpw ]Ww Hgp-Ip∂Xpw a‰p hN-\-ß-fnepw h∂n-´p-≠v. C∏-d-™-sXm-s°bpw \nXy-kw-`-hambn \ΩpsS apºn-ep-s≠∂ hkvXpX Adn-bp-tºmƒ Xs∂, temIm-hk - m\w Ft∏m-sg∂v tNmZn-°p-∂h - t- cmSv AXns\-°p-dn®v ]d-bm≥ Xm≥ Bf-s√∂pw AXv kw_-‘n® hnhcw temIc£nXm-hns‚ ]°¬ am{X-am-Wp-≈s - X∂pw adp-]Sn ]d-bm-\mWv hnip≤ Jp¿-B≥ \_n Xncp-ta-\n-tbmSv B⁄m-]n-®n-cn°p-∂-sX-∂-Xn-\m¬ IrXy-amb Hcp IW-°p-Iq-´n-∏-d-®n-en\v \ap°v A\phm-Za - n-√. AtX-ka - bw \sΩ IqSp-X¬ PmK-cq-I-cm-°m-\p-X-Ip∂ ap∂-dn-bn-∏pIƒ \mw ImWm-Xn-cp-∂p-w Iq-S. Iq´-Øn¬ ]dbs´, BZw-\_n

(A) apX¬ A¥y-Zn\w hsc-bp≈ Zp\n-bm-hns‚ Ime-b-fhv Ggm-bncw h¿j-am-sW∂p kqNn-∏n-®p-sIm-≠p≈ Nne \_n-sam-gn-Iƒ \nZm\imkv{X-\nb-a-{]-Imcw Zp¿_-e-sa∂p I≠n-´p-≈Xm-sW-¶nepw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Øs - ∏-´n-´p-≠v. Ign-™p-t]mb hnhn[ {]hm-N-I≥amcpsS Ime-L´- ß - ƒ Jp¿-B≥ hymJym \ {KŸ-ßf - psS klm-bt- ØmsS IW°p-Iq-´n-bm¬ apl-ΩZv \_n (k) hsc Aøm-bn-cØn A™q-dm-sW∂v Is≠Øm-\m-Ipw. CX-\p-k-cn®v apl-ΩZv \_n(k)°p tijw {]]-©-Øn\v Ah- t i- j n- ° p- ∂ Xv Bbn- c Øn A™qdv h¿jsØ Bbp- m-bn-cn°pw. AXn¬ Bbn- c - Ø n- \ m- \ qdv h¿jw ]n∂n-´p. C\n F¨]Xv h¿jw am{Xw. Cukm-\_n (A) BIm-iØ - p\n-∂n-d-ßn `qan-bn¬ h∂v \m¬]Xv h¿jw Xma-kn-°pw. kqcy≥ ]Sn-™mdp-\n-∂p-Zn®v XpS-ßn-bm¬ \q‰n Ccp]Xv h¿jw X¬ÿnXn XpS- c pw. {]]© \miw c≠p-L´- a - m-bmWv kw`hn-°p-I-sb-∂mWv Jp¿-B≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv. Cu c≠p-L´- Ø - n-\n-Sb - n¬ \m¬]Xv h¿jw CS-th-fb - p-≠v. A¥y-Zn-\Ø - n\v XpS°w Ipdn-®v- A-h-km-\n-°m≥ CX\p-k-cn®v Ccp-∂qdv h¿jw FSp-°pw. Cu Ccp-∂qdv h¿jw Zp\n-bm-hns‚ Bbp- n\v ]pd-Øm-sW∂p sh®m¬ {]]© \mi-Øn\p XpS°w Ipdn°m≥ C\n F¨]Xv h¿jw am{X-tabp- ≈ q. Aß- s \- b m- s W- ¶ n¬ Cu \q‰m≠v Ah-km-\n-°p-∂-tXmsS {]]©-Øns‚ Ah-km\Øns‚ Bcw`w XpS-ßpw.

51


Hcp t]mcm-fn-bpsS P\\w iao¿ ]n. ]mcn-S-Øn¬ I≠ ImgvN-Iƒ lrZ-bØ - n¬ t]mcnSw Xo¿Ø-t∏mƒ Ah-s\mcp t]mcm-fn-bm-bn. \n»_vZ-Xm-gvh-c-bn¬ im¥n-tZ-hn-X≥ Xgp-I-te-‰m-W-h≥ hf¿∂Xv˛ Hcp sNdp]q-hn-s\-t∏mepw \p≈n-sb-SpØv t\mhn-°msX; Hcp ]´n-sb-t∏mepw Fdn-™m-´m-sX. hf¿∂-t∏mƒ Ah-\-dn™pXpSßn, Xt‚Xv \ncp-]m-[nIw IogSßn˛ °gn-bp-∂-h-cpsS \mSm-sW∂v; ASn-aØw t]dn apXp-sIm-Sn™ ]nXm-°-fpsS ]p{X-\mWv Xms\∂v; Xs∂ Xgp-In-bn-cp∂ im¥n-tZhn Ah-fpsS cu{Z-`mhw Hfn-®p-sh-®n-cn-°-bm-bn-cp-s∂∂v; Xm\-\p-`-hn-®p-t]m∂ \n»-_vZ-X-bpsS AKm-[X-bn¬ `oI-ca - mb hnß-ep-I-fp-s≠-∂v. Aßs\, Ah≥ Np‰nepw IÆ-b-®p. am\w ap´pw aWn-a-μn-c-߃°n-S-bnse a¨Iq-c-Iƒ Ah≥ ho£n®p; IpS-h-b-dp-Ifpw H´n-®p-fn™ hb-dp-Ifpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXymkw \nco-£n-®p. Aßs\ Ah\v i{Xp-°-fp-≠m-bn. am\-h-cm-in-bpsS bmX-\-Iƒ kz¥w kvI‘-ß-fn¬ hln-°m≥ Ah-\p-d-®p. Ah≥ t]mcm-fn-bmbn; Ncn-{X-Ønse t]mcm-fn-If - p-sS-sb√mw A\-¥c - m-hI - m-in-bm-bn.

44

52

c≠mw h¿j tkmtjym-fPn


HSn dlvam≥ InS-ßbw

HSn-aq¿Øn-bpsS apºn¬ hnf°p-sh®v ]mW≥ N¥p ssIIq-∏n. Xncn-bn¬ \n∂phoW shfn-®-Øns‚ aßnb Nncn- b n¬ a™- s ∏m- S n- b Wn™ Icn-¶-√ns‚ \of≥ \ng¬. Idp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ k‘y-bpsS hnf-dnb tZl-Øn-eqsS Hcp Npfp-Npfp- ∏ ≥ Im‰p hoin. X]-   n- s e∂ t]mse DZm-ko-\-cmbn \n∂n-cp∂ HSnb≥ Ip∂nse Icn-º-\-I-fpsS DW-°∏-´-I-fn¬ Im‰v Ie-ºn. ]mW- ° p- S n- b n¬ \n∂p Hcp Ip™ns‚ Imdn-°-c-®n¬. aIƒ ]ng®p-s]‰ aI≥. B sN°s‚ sXm≈Xp-d-°¬ tIƒ°p-tºmtg ]mW≥ N¥p-hn\v Ien hcpw. apSn-bm≥ ImeØp-≠mb Akpc hnØv. Idp-Øp-an\pØ ]m¿Δ-Xn-°p-≠mb B shfpØ sN°s\ Abmƒ°v IÆn\p t\sc I≠p-Iq-Sm. Xe-ap-d-I-fmbn Xs‚ tKm{Xw kzcp-°q-´n-bp-≠m-°nb {]Xn-—m-b°pta¬ Icn- h mcntØ®p- s Im- ≠ mWv Ah≥ kZm-k-a-bhpw sXm≈ Xpd∂v Ic-bp-∂-Xv. HSn-b≥am-cpsS kph¿ÆImew Ign™p F∂h≥ hnfn-®p-]-dbp-Ibm-sW∂v Abmƒ°v tXm∂pw. Xo°-´b - nepw Ddp-ºc - n-°m-sa∂v P\\w sIm≠v sXfn-bn-®-h-\t√ Ah≥ ! HSn- b ≥am- c psS \√Imew Ign-™p F∂mtWm ? C∂se Hcp Iq´w sNdp- ∏ °m¿ N¥p-hns\ Xnc°n h∂n-cp-∂p. ""R߃ Kth-jW hnZym¿∞n-If - m-W.v B`n-Nmc {Inb-I-fn-eqsS Hcp \mSns\

apgp-h≥ hnd-∏n® Ipe-]m-c-º-cy-amWv Xm¶ƒ°pw Cu HSn-b≥ Ip∂n\pw HSnaq¿Øn°pw D≈-sX∂p tI´n-´p-≠v. R߃°v AXn-s\-°p-dn-s®√mw hniZ-ambn Adn-™m¬ sIm≈m-sa-∂p-≠.v '' sNdp-∏° - m-cpsS \of≥ Im¬kdm- b n- b nte°pw Fen I≠n- ® - X pt]mse I{Xn®p sh®n-cn-°p∂ apSn-bn-te°pw ]mW≥ N¥p Ah-⁄-tbmsS t\m°n. h∂n-cn-°p∂p HSn hnZy ]Tn- ° m≥! \q‰m- ≠ p- I - f mbn ]Tn®pw a\-\w sNbvXpw Xe-ap-dI - f - n¬ \n∂v Xe- a p- d - I - f n- t e°v ]I¿∂p kq£n® HSn cl-ky-߃ shdp-sXbßp sNm√n-s°m-Sp-°m≥ Xms\¥m a≠-\mtWm ? ]mW≥ N¥p- h ns‚ Dd® au\w sNdp-∏-°msc Akz-ÿ-cm-°n. tImem-bnse NmWIw sagp-Inb AcØn-≠n-en-cp∂v Ah¿ ]e hmKvZm-\ßfpw \¬In-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. ]Ww Xcmw. t^mt´m-sb-SpØv ]{X-Øn¬ sImSp- ° mw. `mhn- b n¬ CXp- a mbn _‘- s ∏´v Hcp tUmIyp- s a‚dn \n¿Ωn°pw. At∏mƒ ]mW-s\bpw ]mW-°p-Sn-sbbpw a‰pw Sn.-hn.-bn¬ ImWmw. AXn\p thsd ]Ww In´pw. ]mW≥ hg-ßp-∂ns√∂p I≠- t ∏mƒ sNdp- ∏ - ° m- c n- s em- c mƒ tXmƒ k©nbn¬ \n∂p Nph∂ {ZmhI- a p≈ Hcp Ip∏n- s b- S pØv \o´n.

AtXmsS ]mW≥ N¥p hoWp. Ip∏nbnse {Zmh-I-Øns‚ Nph∏v AbmfpsS I¨ R-c-ºp-I-fn-te°v ]S¿∂p tI-dp-I-bm-Wv. {]tem-`\w kln-°-høm-Xm-b-t∏m-ƒ Abmƒ tNmZn-®p. "" F s ¥ m - s ° - b m W v AtSy≥ ]d™pXtc-≠Xv ?'' ""F√mw... HSn-hn-Zy-bpsS imkv{Xw, HSn-b≥ Ip∂ns‚ Ncn-{Xw, a{¥m-£-c-߃, HSn-a-cp-∂ns‚ \n¿ΩmWcl-ky-߃, HSn-a-dn™v \n߃ kºm-Zn® apX-ep-Iƒ...'' Ah-km-\sØ hmN-I-amWv Imcy-߃ XInSw adn-®-Xv. AIØv Ip´n°p ape sImSp-°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ ]m¿ΔXn AXp tI´v Ien- ] q≠v ssI°p-™n-t\bpw tXmf-Øn´v tImembn-te°v ]m™ph∂p. ""Cu Xt¥sS HSn-hntZym≠v kºm- Z n® samX- e p- I ƒ Rßfo s]mc°v Np‰pw Ipbn-®n-´v°vWv, Xqº sIm≠z∂v th≠{X am¥nsb-Sp-tØm-fow. Cu tNmcvW s]mcbpw AIØv sImb™v sIS°vW ‚Ωbpw ]ns∂ ]´nWn sIS∂v NmIm-dm-bt∏m Abvº-Xpdp∏y°v Rm≥ s]me-bm-Sn≠m-°nb Cu sN°\pw Hs°-Øs∂

53


RßsS samX-ev.'' sNdp-∏-°m¿ A¥w hn´n-cn-∏mWv. Aß-s\-sbmcp CS-s]-S¬ Ah¿ Xosc {]Xo-£n-®p-Im-Wn-√. aI-fpsS Ien-]q≠ cq]hpw am\w t]mbXns‚ Aa¿j-hpw D≈nen´p \o‰n ]mW≥ N¥p hnj-Æ\ - mbn Xe Ipºn´v Ccp-∂p. ]n∂oSv sNdp-∏°m¿ tNmZn-®-sXm∂pw Abmƒ tI´n√. \ncm-i-cmbn Ah¿ ]Sn-bn-d-ßnt∏msI AIØp \n∂p ]m¿ΔXn Im¿°n®p Xp∏n. ""Xv^q... HSn-hnZy ]Tn°m≥ h∂n-cn-°p-∂p, sN‰-I-fv... ]Tn∏n-°m-\n-hnsS F√mw sXI-s™mcp HSn-bm-im-\pw. s∂s°ms≠m∂pw ]td∏n-°-≠. ‚Ωbv°v sImbºv hmßo´v F{X sZh-km-bo-∂d - ntbm X¥bv°v ? A{X h√y HSn-b-\m-sW¶n NmImsX \c-In®p sIS°vW Cu X≈sb B HSn-hn-tZym≠v sIm∂q-sS. ∂m∏ns∂ bv°Xns‚ Xot´mw aqt{Xmw tImtc≠o¿∂n-√.'' ]m¿ΔXn \n¿ØmsX ]ns∂bpw Fs¥m-s°tbm ]d-™psIm-≠n-cp-∂p. ]ng-®p-s]-‰-Xn\v tijw Ahƒ Xt∂mSv i{Xp-hns\t∏msebmWv s]cp-am-dp-∂-Xv. F√mw Xs‚ ]nSn-∏ptISp-sIm-≠mWv kw`-hn-®-Xs{X. aI-fpsS {]m°n¬ \n∂v c£s∏-Sm≥ Abmƒ ho´n¬ \n∂n-d-ßn. Aßm-Sn-bn-eqsS Aekw \S-∂v, NnecpsS apºn¬ izmkw ap´e`n-\-bn-®psIm-≠v ssI \o´n. Nnesc Xpdn-®pt\m-´w sIm≠v t]Sn-∏n-®v, NnecpsS apºn¬ hfn® Nncn Nncn®v temlyw ]d-™v. hoS-W™ t- ∏mƒ cm{Xn Gsd Ign-™n-cp-∂p. AIØv Dd°w ]nSn-®-hsc DW¿ØmsX tImem-bbn¬ Xg-∏mb hncn®v InS-°m≥ h´w Iq´p-tºm-gmWv sNdp- ∏ - ° m¿ Ac- Ø n- ≠ n¬ sh®pt]mb Ip∏n I≠-Xv. ]mW≥ N¥phns‚ I¨R-c-ºp-Iƒ ho≠pw Nph°p- I bpw Xe- t ®m¿ DW- c p- I bpw sNbvXp. ]W-°m-scms° IpSn-°p∂ km[- \ - a m- W v . ]mW≥ N¥p- h n\v \mS≥ dm°p IpSn-®mWv ioew. Xnø≥ ]d-tßm-S≥ hm‰nb H∂m-¥cw dm°pw tImgn-t®m-cbpw Iq´n KpcpXn Ign-°p∂-XmWv HSn-aq¿Øn°pw CjvSw.

46

54

B sNdp- ∏ - ° m¿ C\nbpw hcpw F∂-bmƒ°v Dd-∏m-bn. C\n hcptºmƒ Ah-tcm-sS√mw ]d-b-Ww. Hcp \mSns\ apgp-h≥ `b-Øns‚ Icn-ºSw ]pX-∏n® Xs‚ Ipe-]m-c-º-cyw. t]SnbpsS apƒap-\-bn¬ \n¿Øn Xe-ap-dIsf ASn-b-dhp ]d-bn® hoc-N-cn-X߃. CSbv°p ]‰nb ]cm-Pb - ß - f - n¬ ASn-]-X-dnb \mW-t°-Sp-Iƒ. a{¥-ßf - psS Imcy-Øn¬ am{Xw Ahsc \ncm- i - s ∏- S p- t Ø≠nhcpw. AXv Xe-ap-d-I-fn¬ \n∂v Xe-ap-d-I-fnte°v Hgp-In-∏ct°≠-h. I\y-Ib - psS B¿Øh c‡-Øn¬ ap°nb hnc-epsIm≠v HSn-aq¿Øn°v XneIw Nm¿Øn, I¿tem-I-Øns‚ Ce-Iƒ sNhn-°n-S-bn¬ Xncp-In-sh-®v, IØnØo- c mØ ]´- S - b nse Fs√- S pØv ]qPn®v, Hcp ]Iepw cm{Xnbpw A∂ap-t]-£n®v {hX-sa-SpØv A—-\n¬ \n∂p aI≥ ssItb¬t°≠ hnZy. A—-\n¬ \n∂p Xm≥ ]Tn-®p. A—≥ apØ-—-\n¬ \n∂v, apØ-—≥ apXp-ap-Ø-—-\n¬ \n∂v. C\n-bn-t∏m-ƒ Xm≥ Bsc ]Tn-∏n-°pw ? B¨a°fn-√t√m X\n-°v. ]m¿Δ-Xn-bpsS ]ng-®ps]‰ aI-s\...? Ahƒ kΩ-Xn-°p-sa∂v tXm∂p-∂n-√. ]p—-amWv Ahƒ°v. Ime- ß - f mbn C√mØ Ign- h ns‚ t]cn¬ P\-ßsf t]Sn-∏n®p \n¿ØpI am{X-amWv A—s‚ Ipew sNbvXXv F∂-hƒ hotdmsS hmZn-°mdp- ≠ v . Ah- f p- a mbn G‰p- a p- ´ p- t ºmsgms° ]mW≥ N¥p ]cm-Pb - Ø - ns‚ Ibv∏-dn-bpw. cmInan\p-°nb ITm-cbpsS aq¿®-bmWv s]Æns‚ \m°n-\v. kz¥w aI-tfmSv tXm¬t°≠n hcp∂ Hc-—s‚ \n -lm-bX A\p-`-hn-°ptºmƒ h√mØ Bfl-\nμ tXm∂n-bn´p-≠v N¥p-hn-\v. F¶nepw ]m¿ΔXn ]d-bp-∂Xnepw Imcy-ap-s≠∂v Abmƒ°-dnbmw. {Kma-Øns‚ `b-Øn¬ \n∂mWv HSn-bs‚ A∂w. saen-™p-W-ßnb ssIIm- e p- I fpw, I^w Ipdp- I nb timjn® s\©n≥ IqSpw, hf™p IpØnb ico-c-hp-ap≈ Xs∂ {KmaØnse Icp-Ø≥am-cmb bphm-°ƒ t]mepw `b-°p-∂Xv HSn-hn-Zy-bpsS t]cn-em-Wv. aIsf ]ng-∏n® apX-em-fn-

∏-ø≥ ]mºp ISn-tb-‰v ac-W-s∏-´-Xpt]mepw Xs‚ B`n-Nm-c{- ]-tbmKw aqeam- s W∂v Ah¿ hniz- k n- ° p- ∂ p. ]s£, `b-Øn¬ \n∂p \io-I-cW Xzc-bp-≠m-Ip-∂p. ]mºp-Isf sIm√p∂-t]mse Ah-kcw In´n-bm¬ Ah¿ HSn-bs\ sIm√pw. t]Sn-°p∂ P\-ßsf HSn-b\pw t]Snt® Xocq... Aßs\ t]Sn® P\-ß-fmWv ]s≠m-cn-°¬ Hcp apØ-—s\ sIm∂Xv. K¿`n-Wn-bpsS {`qWw Xpc-s∂-SpØv AXp-sIm≠v B`n-Nmc I¿Ω-߃ sNbvXn-cp∂ FÆw ]d™ HSn-b-s\∂m-bn-cp∂p B apØ-—≥ Adn-b-s∏´n-cp-∂-Xv. Ab-t°m¬ hr£-Øns‚ I∂n-∏-g-Øn¬ a{¥-{]-tbm-K-߃ \SØnbp≠m-°nb HSn-a-cp∂p sIm≠v ISn-™q¬ K¿`-ap≈ s]Æns\ hioI-cn-°pw. HSn-b‚ Huj-[-{]-tbm-K-ta‰m¬ K¿`m-i-b-Ønse {`qWw Xmt\ ]pd- Ø p- h - c p- a - s {X. B {`qWsØ \new sXmSmsX Npc- b v ° - b psS sXm≠n¬ FSpØv a{¥-{]-tbm-Kß - ƒ \SØn cq]w am‰m-\p≈ acp-∂p-≠m°p-∂p. Cu acp∂v D]-tbm-Kn®v Imfbmbpw t]mØmbpw \mb-bmbpw ]q®bmbpsams° cq]w amdm≥ Ign-™ncp∂ B apØ-—s\ \m´p-Im¿ h√msX `b-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. Hcn- ° ¬ c‡- { kmhw aqew \m´p-{]-am-Wn-bpsS sNdp-∏-°m-cnbpw ISn-™q¬ K¿`n-Wn-bp-amb `mcy acn® Znh- k - a mWv P\- ß ƒ apØ- — s\ sIm∂Xv. c≠p Znhkw apºv {]am-WnbpsS ho´nse ]ip NØ-t∏mƒ B PUw sIm≠p-t]m-hm≥ apØ-—\pw Iq´cpw B ho´n¬ sN∂n-cp-∂p. FhnsS-sb-¶nepw ]ipthm at‰m NØm¬ ]mW-°p-Sn-bn¬ ]ns∂ BtLm-j-amWv. AXns‚ amwkw thhp∂ aWw sIm≠v A∂v HSn-b≥ Ip∂nse Im‰p ]q°pw. sXmgp-Ønse ]ip-hns‚ PUw s]m°n- s b- S p- ° p∂ t\cw AXp ImWm≥ h∂ {]am-Wn-bpsS `mcybpsS \nd-hb - d - n-te°v ]mW≥ t\m°p∂Xv the-°mcn I≠p-h-s{X. s]Æv acn® cm{Xn AIse GtXm \m´n¬ B`n-Nmc I¿Ω-Øn\mbn t]mbn aSßn hcn-I-bm-bn-cp∂


apØ-—-s\bpw ]Øp hb- p≈ aIs\bpw {]amWnbpsS Bƒ°m¿ tN\Ø-≠≥ ]md-bpsS D®n-bn-te°p ]nSn®p-sIm-≠p-t]mbn X√nbpw IpØnbpw sIm∂p. HmSn c£-s∏-Sm≥ {ian® sNdp-°s\ Imen¬ ]nSn®v Xq°nsb-SpØv ]md-bn-e-Sn-®v... F∂n´pw tZiØv HSn-b≥amcpsS Ipew apSn-™n-√. Ipe-Øns‚ ]mc-ºcyw \ne-\n¿Øm≥ ]mW-°p-Snbn-¬ ho≠pw B¨X-cn-Iƒ P\n-®psIm-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£, X\n°p tijw C\n-bmcv F∂v ]mW≥ N¥phn\v Adn-bn-√. Hmtcm-∂-ßs\ Nn¥n®v HSnaq¿Ønsb {]Xn-jvTn® Xd-bn-en-cp∂v ]mW≥ N¥p s\Sp-ho¿∏n-´p. ]ns∂ kmh-[m\w FWo‰p \S-∂p. ]d-tßmS≥ Xnøs\ ImW- W w. Ahs‚ s]m≈p∂ sh≈w sIm≠v sXm≠v \\-bv°-Ww. a\- n\v C∂v Xosc kzÿ-X-bn-√. IpSn-°m≥ ]W-Øn\v F¥p sNøpw ? ]s≠ms° ]d-tßm-S≥ ]Ww sImSp-°msX tam¥m≥ X∂n-cp-∂p. Cubn-sS-bmbn Ah\p Xs∂ Xosc t]Sn-bn-√. X\n°p hb- m-Ip-∂Xpw hnZy-Iƒ ASn-°Sn ]ng-®p-sIm-t≠-bncn-°p-∂Xpw Ah\pw ImWp-∂p≠v. hnZy-Iƒ ]ng-°p∂ HSn-b\p ]ns∂ \ne-\n¬∏n-√. ]cm-P-b-s∏´ HSn-b≥ ]√p-sIm-gn™ ]´n-sb-t∏mse AhK-Wn-°-s∏-Spw. Ie-¥≥ lmPn-bpsS apºn¬ Imf-bpsS cq]-Øn¬ HSn-adn™p sN∂ Cf-b-—≥ Xs∂ DZm-lc-Ww. N¥-bn¬ ASbv° hn‰v \ndsb Imipw aSn-bn¬ sh®v sR°phn-f°p IØn-®p-sIm≠v \S∂p hcp∂ Ie-¥≥ lmPn-bm¿°p am¿§-X-S w krjvSn®p sIm≠v AXm \n¬°p∂p ap{I-bn-´p-sIm≠v Hcp shfpØ Imf°q-‰≥. Ie-¥≥ lmPn-bt√ Bfv, Imfsb I≠-t∏mtg Abmƒ°v Imcyw ]nSn-In-´n. "]mW≥ Xmtay, ÷v Imfb√ B\-bmbn h∂mepw ®v As∂ a≥kn-em-hpw. acym-Z°v h÷v∂v amdnt°m-, AXm A\°v \√-Xv.' Ie-¥≥ lmPn-bpsS Xm°osXm∂pw Imf hI-sh-®n-√. Ie-¥≥ lmPn Ac-∏-´-bn¬ Xncp-In-sh-®n-cp∂ am≥sImºns‚ ]nSn-bp≈ ITm-c-sb-

SpØv Imf-bpsS \ng-en¬ IpØn. Cfb-—s‚ \s´-√n-eq-sS-bmWv IØn Ibdn-b-Xv. NØn-√, ]s£ InS∂ InS∏n¬ \c-In-®Xv ]Xn-s\m∂v h¿j-amWv. ]mW-°p-Sn-bnse tImgn-°q-Sn-\cnsI i_v Z - a p- ≠ m- ° msX sN∂v apgpØ Hcp ]qh≥ tImgnsb ]nSn®v ]mW≥ N¥p ]d-tßm-Ss‚ hoSp-tXSn \S-∂p. ]m¿ΔXn hf¿Øp∂ tImgnI-fm-Wv. Ah-fd - n-™m¬ ]ns∂ NoØhn-fn-bpsS s]mSn-]q-ca - m-bn-cn-°pw. Ahsf-ßs\ Adn-bm-Xn-cn-°m-\mWv ? Cu HSn-b≥ Ip∂nse tImgnsb tamjvSn°m≥ a‰mcpw hcn-s√∂p Ahƒ°-dnbmw. I≈≥ I∏-en¬ Xs∂. ]m´-hn-f-°ns‚ Ac≠ shfn®-Øn¬ ]d-tßm-Ss‚ ap‰Øv IpSnb≥am- c psS \ng- e p- I ƒ Nen- ® p. ]mWs‚ Iønse tImgn-bn-te°v ]dtßm-Ss‚ B¿Øn-]q≠ IÆp-Iƒ ]d∂p- ] - ‰ n. Ahs‚ Ip‰n- t cm- a - a p≈ apJØv Hcp sImXn-®ncn ]qØp. Ip∏n- b nse kv ^ SnI Pew hmbn-te°v IagvØn AXns‚ Fcn®n-en¬ apJw Npfn-®v, sXm≠-bnse I^-°p-dp-°-ens‚ Akzm-ckyw Hcp Im¿°n®p Xp∏- e n¬ sXdn- ∏ n®p If™v ]mW≥ N¥p sXfn-™p. dm°p Ip∏nsb Abmƒ kv t \ltØmsS aW-Øp. Rc-ºn-eqsS Hcp DSp-ºns\t∏mse Ah-\-ßs\ CdpIn-∏n-Sn®v Ib-dp-I-bm-Wv. Npfn™ tZlw DW¿Δns‚ Icp-Øn¬ aqcn\nhcp-Ib - m-Wv. ""]mW\v C∂v tImfv h√Xpw In´n- ° m- W pw. HØ Hcp ]qh≥ tImgn-sb-bm-Wt√m ]d-tßmS\v sImSp-ØX - v.''˛ Ac-≠ shfn-®Ø - nen-cp∂v IpSn-b≥am-cn¬ Btcm IpipIp-ip-Øp. ""]l-b≥ Bsc-bmWv C∂v HSn- a - d n- ® Xv Bthm, \msf cmhnse tIƒ°mw tNmc N¿±n®v acn® Hcm-fns\ Ipdn-®v. As√-¶n¬ Icp ]pdØp h∂p NØ Hcp s]Æns\ Ipdn-®v.'' ""sIm√Ww ]∂nsb'' ˛ Iq´-Ønem-cp-sStbm apdp-Inb hm°p-Iƒ. ]mW≥ N¥p-hn\v t]Sn-bm-bn. Iq´-tc, CsXs‚ aIfpsS hf¿Øp tImgn-bmsW∂v ]d-b-W-sa-

∂p≠bmƒ°v . ]s£ hm°p- I ƒ sXm≠-tbmfw h∂v NØp-t]m-hp-Ib - mWv. IpSn® dm°ns‚ elcn apgp-h≥ Cd- ß n- t ∏mb t]mse Abmƒ°p tXm∂n. C\n ChnsS Ccp-∂m¬ Ah¿ Ccp- ´ n¬ \n∂p Zmln® sN∂mbv°sft∏mse Xs‚ t\¿°v NmSn-hogp-sa∂v Abm-ƒ `b-∂p. ]m´-hn-f-°n¬ \n∂v Hme-®q-´nte°v Xo ]‰n®v B shfn-®-Øn¬ Abmƒ ]mS-tØ-°n-d-ßn. Imep-Iƒ CS-dp-∂p-≠v, izmkw ap´p-∂p-≠v, `bw IqSp-sI-´nb s\©v \nb-{¥-Wm-Xo-Xambn anSn-°p-∂p-≠v. Aßs\ \S-°p-tºmƒ ]nd-Inemtcm Ds≠∂ Xncn-®-dnhv Abmsf IqSp-X¬ `b-NI - n-X\ - m-°n. Ipip-Ip-ip∏p- I ƒ..., ImeSn i_vZ- ß ƒ..., sR°p-hn-f-°ns‚ ]nip-°n-b-Sn-°p∂ shfn-®w... ]mW≥ N¥p HSn-aq¿Ønsb [ym\n®v hgp-°p∂ hc-ºn-eqsS thKw \S- ∂ p. Nq´p- s h- f n- ® - a p- ≠ m- b n´pw Abmƒ°p IÆp-Im-Wp-∂n-√. hc-ºØn-cp∂ Hcp apgpØ t]m°m-®n-Øh-fsb Nhn´n \ne sX‰nb Abmƒ I≠-Øn-te°v adn™phoWp. \\ ™ ]mSØp hoWv Nq´v sI´p. Iqcn-cp-´n¬ X∏n-Ø-S-s™-Wo°p- t ºmƒ ]mZ- ] - X - \ - i - _ v Z - ß ƒ ASpØp hcp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]mSØp \n∂p \o¿t°men ]nSn® Hcp Xh-f-bpsS Xpf-bv°p∂ tcmZ-\w. AXn\v Noho- S p- I - f psS ]n∂Wn. ]mW≥ N¥p-hns‚ D≈n¬ ac-W`- bw InS∂v tXm‰w ]mSn. tSm¿®ns‚ {]Im-ih´w apJtØ°p hoW-t∏mƒ Abm-fpsS IÆp a™-fn-®p. N¥p Zb-\o-b-ambn BKXsc t\m°n. Ah¿ c≠p t]cp-≠mbn-cp-∂p. IdpØp Ipdnb Hcp-Ø≥, saen™p \o≠ c≠m-a≥. ]mW≥ N¥p- h ns‚ tNd- W n™ Npfn™ tZl- t Ø°pw ]I® IÆp- I - f nte°pw \\™ Hme- ® q- ´ n- t e°pw Ah¿ amdn-amdn t\m°n. ""R߃ \nßsftØSn Ipsd Zqsc-\n∂p hcn-I-bm-Wv.'' ""sl¥n\m ?'' ]mWs‚ i_vZw hnd-®p. "" Imcyw t\sc sNmtΔ A tßm´p ]d- b mw. Rßs°mcmsf

55


sIm√- W w. Rß- f psS {]ÿm- \ Øns‚ i{Xp-hn-s\. sh´ntbm IpØntbm sIm√m-s\ms° R߃°v Ffp∏w Ign- b pw. ]s£ tIkpw Iq´hpw Ct∏m-Øs∂ [mcm-f-ap-≠v. sXfn-hn-√msX sIm√m≥ HSn-hn-Zy-bmWv hgn. B`n-Nmcw sIm≠v ac-Ws - ∏-´m¬ sIme-b° v p-Øc - h - m-Zn-Isf in£n-°m≥ C¥y≥ ]o\¬ tImUn¬ hIp-∏n-√. Xs∂ sIm√m≥ h∂- h - c √ Ah¿ F∂ Adn-hv ]mW≥ N¥phns\ Biz-kn-∏n-s®-¶nepw ]n∂o-Sh - ¿ ]d™ hm°p-Iƒ Abmsf IqSp-X¬ ]cn-{`m-¥-\m-°n. {Kmaw ]d™p ]c-

Ønb Nne Inwh-Z-¥n-I-fpsS ]n≥_e-Øn¬ Pohn®pt]m∂ Hcp ]mhw a\p-jy-\mWv Xms\∂v Fß-s\-bmWv Chsc ]d™p a\- n-em-°pI ? ""Cß-sfmcp Xocp-am\w ]d- b o≥. ]W- Ø ns‚ Imcy- Ø n¬ R߃ th≠Xv sNømw.'' ChnsS Ah-k-c-Øn-s\mØpb-cpI Xs∂ hgn. ASp-∏n¬ Xo ]pI-b-Ww. Xf¿ hmZw ]nSn-s]´p InS-°p∂ F®pan°v acp∂p hmß-Ww. ]m¿Δ-Xn-bpsS tImgn-°q-´nse _m°n-bp≈ tImgn-Isf-sb-¶nepw ]d-tßm-S\v In´msX t]mI-Ww.

Abmƒ Aßs\ Nn¥n- ® psIm- ≠ n- c ns° AIse HSn- b ≥ Ip∂n¬ \n∂pw ]m¿Δ-Xn-bpsS ]ng®p-s]‰ aI≥ Imdn-°-c-™p. HSn-b≥ Ip∂nse Icn-º-\-∏-´-I-fn¬ Ie-º-ep≠m-°p∂ Npfp-Np-fp-∏≥ Im‰n-eqsS HgpIn h∂ B Imdn-°-c-®n-en-t\mSv C∂m-Zy-ambn Abmƒ°v kvt\lw tXm∂n. ]c-º-cm-K-X-ambn ssIamdn a\\w sNbvXp ]Tn® HSn a{¥-߃ Hcn-°¬ Ahs\ ]Tn-∏n-°-Ww. ]ng®p- s ]- ‰ p- ≠ m- b - h - s \- ¶ nepw HSn- b ≥ Ip∂ns‚ ]n¬°me Ncn- { X- Ø n¬ Ah\pw tcJ-s∏-Sp-Ø-s∏-S-s´. * * *

kvarXn A_vZp≈ kn.-Sn. A©-®h - Sn

angn-I-fn¬ t\mhn-≥ Ddh Xo¿Øv ambmsX aÆn¬ C∂pam kvarXn Xa- n≥ a\- n¬ hn⁄m\ Pzme-Iƒ IØn-®p-sh-s®m-cm˛ tPymXn- n≥ kvarXn Adnhpw A∂hpw hncp-s∂m-cp°n Bscbpw ImØn-cp-s∂m-cm˛ tXP- n≥ kvarXn BZ¿i hoYn-bn¬ Bflm-`n-am-\n-bmbv AS-cmSn \ns∂mcm tPXm-hn≥ kvarXn Ci-en≥ Xqag tImcn-s®m-cns™mcm ]pf-It- Ø≥samgn Ipbn-en≥ kvarXn \mIw e£y-ambv ]d-∂p-t]m-sbmcm Bfl hnip-≤n-X≥ \nd-hn≥ kvarXn

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56


kplrZv _‘-߃

dnbmkv ]n. Hm^okv Ãm^v. F≥.-kn.-Fk - v.S- n.

kplrZv _‘-sa-∂Xv a\p-jy-Po-hn-X-Øn\v A¿∞ hpw B\-μhpw {]Zm\w sNøp∂ H∂-s{X. CjvSm-\n-jvSßfpw kpJZp:Jßfpw ]¶p shbv°m\pw D≈v Xpd∂v kwkm-cn-°m\pw kplr-Øp-°ƒ D≠m-hpI h√msØmcp A\p-`q-Xn-bm-W.v AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ F√m {]mb-Øn-ep-≈h - ¿°pw AXmXp {]mb-Øn-\\ - p-tbmPy-amb kplr-Øp-°-fp-≈Xv ImWmw. _mey-Ønse Ifn-°q-´p-Im-cn¬ XpSßn PohnX-Øns‚ hnhn[ L´-ßf - nepw IS-∂p-sN-√p∂ taJe-I-fnepw sh®v ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Ibpw D‰p tNcp-Ibpw sNøp-∂h - c - mWv a\p-jys‚ Hcp-]mSv kplr-Øp-°ƒ. Cß-s\-bp-≠m-Ip∂ kplr-Zv_-‘-ß-fn¬ NneXv Imem-Im-et- Ømfw \ne-\n¬°pw. NneXv AIep∂Xn-\\ - p-kc - n®v sas√ sas√-bßv am™p-t]m-hp-Ibpw sNøpw. Nne kplr-Øp-°ƒ a\- ns\ h√msX kzm[o-\n-°p-Ibpw Ah-cp-am-bp≈ th¿∏mSv Akm[y-am-°p-Ibpw sNøm-dp-≠v. Ah-cp-ambn Hcp-an-®mbn-cn-°p-tºmƒ ]¶n´ A\p-`-h-߃ a\- n¬ Xncpti-jn-∏p-If - mbpw Hm¿Ω-bn¬ tXß-ep-If - mbpw PohnX-Im-e-a-{Xbpw \ne-\n-t∂-°mw. sNdp- ∏ - Ø n¬ Hcp- a n®v Hme- ∏ oen D≠m°nbpw aÆ∏w Np´pw Ip‰n-∏p-c-I-fp-≠m-°nbpw Ifn®-Xns‚ Hm¿Ω Krlm-Xp-c-Xz-ambn a\- n¬ kq£n°m-Øh - c - p-≠m-In-√. sI´p-]¥ - ns‚ ]nd-In¬ HmSnbpw amºgw hogp∂ i_vZw tI´m¬ AsX-Sp-°m≥ ]m™pw Ifn®p ckn® Ime-L-´-Øns‚ kulrZw Pohn-X-Øn¬ Fs∂-

57


¶nepw Hm¿sØ-Sp-°p-tºmƒ B \nan-j-ß-fpsS ]p\-cm-K-a\-Øn\v sImXn tXm∂pw. CW-ßnbpw ]nW-ßnbpw hg-°Sn®pw hnIrXn ImWn®pw F{X-sb{X kμ¿`-߃. kvIqƒ L´-Øn¬ Pohn-XØ - n-te°v ]pXnb Iq´p-Im¿ hcn-Ib - m-bn. Ip´n-°m-esØ Nßm-Xn-am¿ an°-hmdpw Ab¬]°-ß-fn-¬ \nt∂m IpSpw_ _‘-ß-fn¬ \nt∂m D≠mbn h∂-hc - m-bn-cn-°mw. F∂m¬ ¢mkvta‰p-Is - f∂pw kvIqƒta‰pI-sf∂pw ]d-bp∂ Cu L´-Ønse Nßm-Xn-am¿ ]ecpw A\y-X-d-hm-Sp-I-fn¬ \n∂pw AI-e-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-ap-≈-h-cmbn-cn-°pw. ]n∂oSv Hmtcm ¢mkp-Ifpw Hmtcm hgn-Øn-cn-hmbn amdp-Ibpw ]e A\p-`h - ß - ƒ°pw ]ndhn \¬Ip-Ibpw sNøp∂p. _mey-Ønse Iq´p-sI-´ns‚ \njvI-f-¶X A∏Sn \ne\n¬°p-∂-Xm-h-W-sa-∂n-√ Cu L´w apX¬°p≈ Iq´p-sI´p-Iƒ. tImtfPv L´-Øn-se-Øp-∂-tXmsS kplr-Zv_‘w AYhm "{^≠vj - n∏v' IqSp-X¬ ]cn-]I - zX {]m]n-°p-∂p. c‡_-‘-Øn-\p-a-∏p-d-tØ°v kplr-Zv_‘w \ofp∂p Cu L´Øn¬. Nn¥-Iƒ°v th¿Xn-cnthm k-lhm-kß - ƒ°v Akv]riy-Xtbm C√m-Xm-Ip∂ L´-am-Wn-Xv. Chn-sS-bmWv kplrZv_‘w Bfl_-‘a - m-bn-Øo-cp-∂X - v. Aßs\ kplr-Øn\v kplrØv F√m-am-bn-Øo-cp-∂p. F√m-hn[ kt¥m-j-ßfpw Zp:Jßfpw Ah¿ XΩn¬ ]¶p-sh-bv°p-∂p. Xpd∂ ]pkvXI-am-hp-Ib - mWv kplr-Øn\v kplr-Øns‚ PohnXw. AXn¬ Hcmƒ°v A]-cs\ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw clky t]Pp-Ifn-√. amXm-]n-Xm-°-fp-sSbpw kz¥w ktlm-Zck-tlm-Z-cn-amcp-sSbpw apºn¬ Xpd-bv°mØ t]Pp-Ifpw kplr-Øp-°fpsS apºn¬ Xpd-bv°p-∂p. kplrØv kplr-Øns‚ thZ\ kz¥w thZ-\-bmbn ImWp-∂p. Xt‚-sX¥pw kplr-Øn\p th≠n _en Ign°m≥ kplrØv Xøm-dm-Ip-∂p. XnI®pw sshIm-cn-I-amb Hcp _‘w Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw CXv. temIØn¬ a‰msc shdp-∏n-®mepw kplr-Øns\ shdp-∏n-®p-IqSm F∂-Xm-bn-cn°pw kplr-Øns‚ \n¿_-‘w. kplr-Øns‚ IqsS-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ A{X a‰m-cpsS IqsS-bm-bn-cn-°m\pw a\kv kΩ-Xn-°p-I-bn-√. A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw Bi-b-ßfpw PohnX {]iv\-ßsf kao-]n-°p∂ coXn-I-fp-sa√mw Cu ]c-kv]-c-Xbn¬ \n∂p ]I¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p. Xs‚ BZ¿iw kplr-Øns‚

BZ¿ihpw Xs‚ ]m¿´n kplr-Øns‚ ]m¿´nbpw Bbn amdp-∂nSw hsc t]mepw Cu _‘w Nne-t∏mƒ hf-cm-dp≠v. t\¿°p-t\-sc-bp≈ imco-cnI ]cn-N-b-Øn¬ IqSn am{X-a√ kplr-Zv_‘w apf-sb-Sp-°m-dp-≈X - v. AIse \n∂psIm-≠p≈ {^≠vj - n∏v hfsc IqSp-Xs - em-∂p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n√ ap≥ Ime-ß-fn¬. amK-kn-\p-I-fn-eqsS {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ "s]≥{^≠vkv' ¢∫p-Iƒ hgn-bm-bn-cp∂p apºv AI-e-kulr-Zß - ƒ cq]-s∏-´n-cp-∂s - X∂-Xn-\m¬ ]pdØp \n∂p hcp∂ {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-߃ hmbn-°p-∂-h¿°n-S-bn-em-bn-cp∂p AXv \ne-\n∂ncp-∂-Xv. C∂n-t∏mƒ samss_epw C‚¿s\‰pw hym]-I-am-b-Xn-\m¬ CØcw hn\n-a-tbm-]m-[n-Iƒ {^≠-vjn∏n\pw D]m-[n-bm-bn-s°m-≠n-cn°p-∂p. ssN\-°mcnbpw aºm´p-Im-c\pw XΩn¬ \S∂ Nm‰nwKv hnhmlw hsc FØn-bXv \mw I≠p. hntZ-i-ß-fn¬ {^≠vkp-≠m-bn-cn-°pI F∂Xv A`y-kvX-hn-Zy-cmb sNdp-∏-°m-cn¬ Hcp A¥ pw A`n-am\-hp-ambn hcn-I-bm-Wv. Ah¿ hgn AXmXp \mSp-I-fnse Pohn-Xhpw kwkvIm-ch - p-sa√mw AXns‚ B[p-\n-Ia - mb X\na-tbmsS {Kln-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p. ]e-t∏mgpw hntZ-i-bm-{XIƒ hsc s]≥{^≠vkv hgn Nne¿s°√mw Xc-s∏´p In´mdp-≠v. Npcp-°-Øn¬, kulr-Z-_-‘-sa-∂Xv Pohn-X-Øn¬ \n¿Æm-bI - a - mb ]¶pw kzm[o-\hpw sNep-Øp∂ Hcp {][m\ LS-Ia - s - {X. AXn-\m¬ bmZr-—n-Ia - mbn kw`-hn-®p-t]m-Im-dp≈ kulr-ZsØ Btem-N-\-tbmsS ]p\- w-hn-[m-\n-t°-≠-Xp≠v. \ΩpsS hf¿®bpw hym]m-chpw \√ Iq´p-sI-t´mSp IqSnbm-bn-cn-°p∂-Xn-\p≈ PmK-cq-IX \mw ssIs°m-≠n-cn-°W - w. DØ-aa - mb A`n-cp-Nn-tbmSpw B`n-ap-Jy-tØmSpw IqSn-bh - t- cmSv s]mcp-Ø-s∏-Sm-\p≈ B¥-cm-thiw tkmt±iyw hf¿Ønsb-Sp-°p-I-bmWp th≠-Xv. kzm`m-hnI Nßm-Ø-tØ-°mƒ tkmt±iy Nßm-Ø-Øn\v {ian-°p-I. \ΩpsS A\p-hmZw IqSmsX Iq´p-Im-cpsS NoØkz`m-h-KpW-߃ \Ωn-te°v AXn-{I-an®p Ib-dp-∂X - n-s\-Xn-cn¬ _p≤nsb Imh¬ \n¿ØpI. \Ωn¬ \mw hf¿Øp∂ KpW-߃ Ah-c-dn-bmsX Ahcn-te°v {]k-cn-∏n-°m≥ {ian-°p-I. Cßs\ kplr-Zv_‘sØ \ap°v ^e-{]-Z-am-°m-hp-∂-Xm-Wv.

kplr-Øns‚ IqsS-bm-bn-cn-°p∂ A{X a‰m-cpsS IqsS-bm-bn-cn-°m\pw a\kv kΩ-Xn-°p-Ib - n-√. A`n-cp-Nn-Ifpw Bi-bß - fpw PohnX {]iv\ß - sf kao]n-°p∂ coXn-If- p-sa√mw Cu ]c-kv]c- X - b - n¬ \n∂p ]I¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂p. Xs‚ BZ¿iw kplr-Øns‚ BZ¿ihpw Xs‚ ]m¿´n kplr-Øns‚ ]m¿´nbpw Bbn amdp-∂nSw hsc t]mepw Cu _‘w Nne-t∏mƒ hf-cm-dp-≠v.

50

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Xe-ap-dI - ƒ C∂-se C∂v \msf klve kn. H∂mw ska-ÿ. _n.-F. Cw•ojv

C∂-se: Ip™nfw Np≠m¬ Ah-s\s∂ AtΩ F∂p hnfn-®p. AΩ-sb∂ hm°nse kvt\lw Hgp-In-b-e-bp∂ Hcp \√ \mƒ. F∂n´pw AΩn-™-∏m-ens‚ am[pcyw Ah\v Rm≥ {Iqc-ambn \ntj-[n-®p. ico-c-h-Snhpw Ãm‰kpw t\m°n Ah\v Rm≥ \¬In-bXv t_m¨hn-‰-bm-Wv. ]n®-sh® _meyw Bb-bpsS Iøn¬ G¬∏n® AΩ-bmWp Rm≥. ]ns∂bhs‚ `mhn Rm≥ t_m¿Unw-Kn-te¬∏n-®p. Aßs\bh≥ ]Tn-®p, hf¿∂p, hep-Xm-bn. C∂v: Fs‚ C— t]mse Ah-s\mcp ssh‰vtIm-f¿ tPmen e`n-®p. Ah\v CW-bm-bn, Bfm-bn... A∂hs‚ a\- nse amen\yw XpS®p \o°m≥ F\n°p km[n-°m-Ø-Xn-\m-em-hmw, Ah-\n∂v Zpcm-{K-ln-bm-Wv. ]W-tØmSp am{X-amWh\v kvt\lw; ]ns∂ Ahs‚ CW-tbm-Spw. A∂-h\v Rm≥ \ntj-[n® ]cn-K-W\ C∂-h≥ F\n°pw \ntj-[n-®p. Cu GIm-¥X Fs∂ Xf¿Øp∂p˛ Ah-s\s∂ kvt\l-a-μn-c-Øn-ep-t]-£n-®p.

\msf: Ahs‚ aIs‚ AΩ Ãm‰kpw ico-c-h-Snhpw t\m°n Ah-fpsS Ip™n\v AΩn™∏m¬ \ntj-[n°pw. ]Icw Ah≥ FØn®p sImSp-°p∂ t_m¨hn‰ Ahƒ AXn\p \¬Ipw. AXns‚ _meyw Ccp-hcpw IqSn Bbsb G¬∏n-°pw. Ah-c-Xn-s\bpw t_m¿Unw-Kn-te¬∏n®p ]Ww sImSpØv hf¿Øn-°pw. Aßs\ AXv ]Tn®p hf¿∂v hep-Xmbn DtZym-K-Øn-tedpw. HSp-hn¬: Fs‚ aI≥ Fs∂sbØn-®n-SØv Ah-s‚ aI≥ Ah-s\bpw FØn-°pw. AsX, Cu kvt\l-a-μn-c-Øn¬ sh®v A∂v Rm\p-s≠-¶n¬, F\n-°∂v IÆn\v ImgvN-bp-s≠-¶n¬, ho≠pw Fs‚ aI\pw Rm\pw XΩn¬ ImWpw. AtΩ F∂ Ahs‚ B hnfn Fs‚ ImXn\v tIƒhn-bp-s≠-¶n¬ Rm≥ ho≠pw tIƒ°pw. AsX, Aß-s\-bm-bn-cn-°p-as{X C\n-bp≈ \mK-cn-I-X-bn¬ Xe-ap-d-Iƒ.

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{`m¥s‚ `mcy \fn\n IÆm-Sn-sb-SpØv t\m °n. Fs¥mcp hyXym-k-amWv Xs‚ apJ-Øn\v h∂n-cn-°p-∂X - v. Bdp-amkw apºv Cu ho´n¬ aW-hm-´n-bmbn Ibdn-h-∂-t∏mƒ apJ-Øn-\p-≠m-bn-cp∂ emhWyw ]msS \jvS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Ahƒ H∂p ]p©ncn°m≥ {ian-®p, ]s£ Bhp-∂n-√. tImtf-Pn¬ ]Tn®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ Xs‚ ]p©n-cnbpsS hiy- X sb Iq´p- I m- s c√mw hmgv Ø n- b n- c p- ∂ Xv Ah- t fm¿Øp. ]s£ C∂v AsX√mw A{]-Xy-£a - mbn-cn-°p-∂p. hfsc Btem-Nn®pw At\z-jn®p-amWv A—≥ X\n-s°mcp hcs\ Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. PmX-I-sa√mw hfsc Indp-Ir-Xyw. F∂n-´p-sat¥ Cßs\? I√ymWw Ign™ DS-s\bpw BZy-amk-ß-fnepw F{X-am{Xw kvt\l-am-bncp∂p `¿Øm-hn\v Xt∂m-Sv. Ime-sØgp-t∂-‰v Xs∂ hnfn-®p-W¿Øp∂Xpw At±-l-Øns‚ Ipfnbpw a‰pw Ign-bptºm-gt- Ø°v Xm≥ {]mX¬ Xøm-dm°n sh®n-cp-∂Xpw tPmen°v t]mIp-tºmg-tØ°v D®-`-£-W-ap-≠m°n ]m{XØn-em°ns°mSp-Øn-cp-∂-Xp-sa√mw F¥p-am{Xw D’m-l-tØm-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p. Aßs\ Hcp Znhkw ]Xnhn\p hn]-co-X-ambn Abmƒ ho´n-te °p Ibdnhcp-∂Xv t\cw Iptd Ccp´n-bX - n\p tij-am-Wv. s]cp-am-‰Ø - nepw kwkm-c-Ønepw lmh-`m-h-ß-fnepw hen-sbmcp hyXymkw h∂Xp t]mse. tNmZn-°p-∂X - n-s\m∂pw IrXyamb DØ-ca - √ \¬Ip-∂X - v. tPmen-ÿeØp sh®p-≠mb Zpc-\p-`-h-am-bncn°mw Imc- W - s a∂v Ahƒ°p tXm∂n. Ddßn ImesØgpt∂¬°ptºm-g-tØ°v F√mw icn-bm-bn-s°m≈p-sa∂v Ahƒ Biz-kn-®p. t\cw ]pe¿∂p. A∂v Ahƒ Abm-sf-bmWv hnfn-®p-W¿Øn-b-Xv. Ipfn-bpw {]mXepw Ign™v Abmƒ tPmen°v ]pd-s∏-Sm-\n-d-ßn-b-t∏m-gtØ°v Ahƒ `£Ww ]m{X-Ønem°n sh®ncp-∂p. Abmƒ AsXSpØv H∂pw an≠msX ]pd-Øn-d-ßn. Ahƒ AXv kmc-am-°msX ASp-°-ftPm-en-bn¬ apgp-In. A¬]w Ign™v

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ioP hn.-sI. ae-bmf hn`mKw A[ym-]nI

Ab¬]-°sØ im¥-Ip-am-cn-bΩ - sb I≠v Akp-Jh - n-hcw At\zjn-°m\pw klmbw th≠Xv sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-°m\p-ambn Ahƒ IX-IS- ®v ho´n¬ \n∂p ]pd- Ø n- d - ß n- b - t ∏m- g p≠v Abmƒ ]pdØv shbn¬ Im™n-cn-°p-∂p. Ahsf I≠-t∏mƒ Abmƒ s]mSp∂s\ Fgp- t ∂‰p sXm´- ∏ p- d sØ amhn≥ Nph-´n¬ sN∂p \n∂v IÆp c≠pw Cdp-°n-∏n-Sn®v Ft¥m ]ndp-]ndp-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Ahƒs°m∂pw a\ n-em-bn-√. ""\nß-sft¥ tPmen°p t]mbnt√ ? t\sc-s{Xbmbn AIØp\n-∂n-dß - n-bn´v. CXn-\mt∏m Im° Ic-bm≥ sXS-ßot∏m Hd-°®Sthm sSWo‰v Rm\n{Xow [rXn ]nSn®v `£sWms° Hcp- ° o- X v ? F¥ms∏m C∂se samX¬°v Cß- s \mcp kz`mhw ?'' Abmƒ Fs¥m-s°tbm ]ndp]n-dp-Ø-X-√msX H∂pw hy‡-ambn ]d-™n-√. Ahƒ Acn-In-te°v sN∂t∏mƒ Abmƒ amhns‚ apI-fn-te°p Ib-dn. amhn≥ sImºnse ]£-n]-dhm-Zn-Iƒ Abmsf°≠v ]d-∂-I-∂p. Ahƒ BsI-°qSn Aº-c∂p t]mbn. F¥mWo kw`-hn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv ? IeymWw Ign™v Bdp amkta Bbp-≈q. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ \mep amkw K¿`-hp-am-bn. AXn-\m¬ C\n adns®mcp Nn¥bv°pw bmsXmcp ]gp-Xpan-√. Atøm, ssZth NXnt®m ? Hcp at\m-tcm-Kn-bpsS `mcy-bmbn Pohn-XImew apgp-h≥ X≈n-\o-t°≠ KXn-

tI-Sn-em-Iptam ? A—≥ Pohn-®n-cn-∏p≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ t\sc sN∂v Imcyw ]d- b m- a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. ]s£ Xs‚ IeymWw Ign™v c≠p amkta A—≥ Pohn-®n-cp-∂p-≈q. tamfpsS IeymWw Ign-™n´v acn-®m¬ aXnbmbn-cp-∂p-sh∂ A—s‚ A`n-emjw Cuiz-c≥ kzoI-cn-®-Xp-t]m-se-bmWv Imcy- ß ƒ Iem- i n- ® - X v . AtX- X mbmepw \∂m-bn. A—\v kt¥m-jtØmSp IqSn acn-°m-\m-b-t√m. ]s£ C{X s]s´∂v `mKyw Xncn-®-Sn-bmbn amdpsa∂mc-dn™p ? Ahƒ tXßn°-c-bm≥ XpS-ßn. ""tPmen°v t]mWvs√¶n t]m≠. B tNm‰p- ] m{Xw AhsS sImt≠mbv sh®v AI-Øn-cp-t∂m-fq. Rm≥ im¥-Ip-am-cn-b-tΩSSps؉w t]mbn C∏w hcmw.'' C{Xbpw ]d™v adp-]S- n°p ImØp\n¬°msX Ahƒ im¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω-bpsS ho´n-te°p t]mbn. im¥-Ip-am-cn-bΩ AhnsS H‰bv°p Ign-bp-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. `¿Ømhv ac- W - s ∏- ´ - X pap- X ¬°v Pohn- ° m≥ th≠n ITn-\m-≤zm\w sNbvXv t¢in°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂ Ah¿ Ct∏mƒ Iei-emb tcmK-Øn-\-Sn-s∏´v ip{iq-jn°m\mcp-an-√msX hnj-an-°p-I-bm-Wv. c≠p Ip´n- I - f p- ≠ m- b t∏mƒ BcpsStbm t{]c-Wbv°p hgßn {]khw \n¿Øn-b-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£ Zu¿`mKy-sa∂√msX F¥p ]d-bm≥, Ip´nIƒ c≠pw U¶n-∏\n ]nSn-s]´v ac-Ws∏´pt]mbn. ]n∂oSv ss\cmiyw B Zº- X n- I sf hn´p- a m- d n- b - t X- b n- √ .


Ab¬]-°Øv \fn\n ]pXp-s]-Æmbn h∂Xv ssZhw X\n-°p-IqSn \¬Inb Hc\p-{K-la - m-bn-´mWv im¥-Ip-am-cn-bΩ KWn®p t]m∂-Xv. ""tamtf, \fn- \ o, H∂nßcnIØv h∂m. \n°v H´pw høm. Rm\o Zo\-Øn¬ \n∂v _m°n-bm-Iq-e. CXm C\n Cu IpSnepw ÿtemw Hs° s\\°m. CXn-s\m∂pw Hc-h-Im-io-√. \ns°mcp tamfv \otø- ≈ q. CXnt‚ms° Xocv s\\°v Xczm Rm\v. AXm B[mcw s]´o-ev. cbn-kv{Xm∏okvev t]mbn‰v F√mw s\s‚ t]cnem°mw th≠Xv sNbvtXm...'' hndbv°p∂ Np≠p-I-tfmsS C{Xbpw ]d™-t∏m-g-tØ°v im¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ωbv°v izmkw ap´m≥ XpS-ßn. \fn\n Ah-cpsS ASp-Øn-cp∂v hnßn-s∏m-´ns°m≠v s\©n¬ XS-hn-s°mSpØp sIm- ≠ n- c p- ∂ p. im¥- I p- a m- c n- b Ω sh≈-Øn-\mbn \m°p \o´n BwKyw ImWn-®p. \fn\n sh≈w sIm≠p-h∂v sImSp-ØXpw im¥-Ip-am-cn-bΩ AXv hmßn-°p-Sn®v IÆ-S-®Xpw s]s´-∂mbn-cp-∂p. \fn\n im¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω-bpsS ssIIm-ep-Iƒ t\sc-bm°n D®-Øn¬ \ne-hn-fn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Ah-fpsS Ic®n¬ tI´v Bfp- I ƒ ]e- b n- S Øp \n∂pw HmSn-°q-Sn. Iq´-Øn¬ im¥-Ipam-cn-b-Ω-bpsS GtXm AI∂ _‘Øn¬ s]´ Ip™n- c m- a - \ p- s a- Ø n. im¥-Ip-am-cn-bΩ Akp-Ja - m-bn°n-S° - p∂ hnh-c-a-dn-™n´v Hcn-°-se-¶nepw Hs∂-Øn-t\m-°pI t]mepw sNømØ Ip™n-cm-a≥ ac-W-hn-hcw Adn™v HmSn-sb-Øn-bXv ZpjvS-em-t°mSp IqSnbm-bn-cp-∂p. im¥-Ip-am-cn-b-Ω-bpsS hoSns‚bpw ÿe-Øn-s‚bpw B[mcw \fn-\n-bpsS ssIh-i-sa-ØnbXp I≠v Abmƒ s]m´n-sØ-dn-®p. ""h√ytΩsS H∏w IqSn kzØv ssI°-em-°m≥ AXns\ sIm∂q-t√, aqt[-ho... Im´n-Øcm s\\°v h√yΩbv°v Bfpw A¿t∞m-t≠m-∂.v acymZbv°v B[mcw Cß´v Xt∂m, A√m®m- e v ≠ - t √m, Cu Ip™n- c m- a ≥ s\s∂ tImSXo tI‰pw, Pbn- e nem°pw. Abn\v≈ hs÷ms° Ado tWmw Xs∂ Cu Ip™n-cm-a≥.'' CXp tI´ \fn\n Hc-£cw Dcn-bm-SmsX B[mcw Ip™n-cm-as‚ Iøn¬ sImSp-

Øp. ""It≠m, Cu ]l-bØn A∏Wn sNbv X tXm- ≠ t√ Rm≥ tNmbv®-∏vfØv°v B[mcw X∂-Xv. Chfv Abv s \ sIm∂n- c n- ° zm- W v . t]mÃvtam¿´w sNømsX adhp sNøm≥ Rm≥ kΩXn-°q-√. CXv Ip™n- c m- a \m ]do- W - X v . '' CXpw ]d™v Ip™n-cm-a≥ t]meokv tÃj\n-te°v ]pd-s∏-Sm-s\m-cp-ßn. BfpIƒ Ip™n-cm-as\ XS-™p-sIm≠p ]d™p : "\o AS-sßSm Ip™n-cmam. Cs∏m Abvs\ NnX sI´n AS°w sNøm-\p≈ ]Wn t\m°v. _m°n-sbm s° ]ns∂ Btem-Nn°mw. t]meo-knt∏mbm Cøpw IpSpßpw B s]Æpw _m°n F√mhcpw IpSp-ßpw. ap≠msX Xt≈ NnX-bn-te-s°-S° -v m≥ t\m°v, Abv\p≈ hsøms° Abns‚ s]´o-e≠ v ∂m \fn\n ]tdWXv'. Ip™n-cm-a≥ ]s£ kwXr-]X v \m- I p∂ a´n- e √ {]Xn- I - c n- ® - X v . At∂cw \fn\n Bƒ°q-´-Øn-te-°ndßn \n∂p-sIm≠v ]d-™p: ""C\v°v s‚ \nc- ] - c m- [ nØw sXfo- ° - W w. AXn\v t]meokv h∂v sIm≠pt]m bn t]mÃvtam¿´w \S-Ø-s´. im¥-Ipam-cn-b-Ωbv°v C∂p-hsc ASp-ØtXm AI-∂tXm Bb _‘-p°fm-sc-¶n-epap-≈-Xmbn Rm\n-hnsS h∂v Bdp amk-am-bn´pw F\n-°-dn-bn-√. Ah¿ kpJ-an-√msX ac-W-tØmSp a√-Sn®p InS-°p-tºmgpw Rm\-√msX as‰mcp BtWm s]tÆm Ahsc ImWm≥ hcn-Itbm Ah-cpsS ip{iq-j-s°-ØpItbm sNbv X Xv F‚dn- h n- e n- √ . Ahsc ip{iq-jn-®ncp∂Xpw Ah¿°v `£-W-sa-Øn-®p-sIm-Sp-Øn-cp-∂Xpw Ah-cpsS hkv{Xhpw a‰pw shSn-∏m°n-s°m-Sp-Øn-cp-∂Xpw Rm\m-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-sIm≠p Xs∂ Xs‚ IpSnepw ÿehpw Fs‚ t]cn¬ Xosd-gp-XnØ-cnI-bm-sW∂v Ah¿ acn-°p-∂X - n\v \nan-j-߃°p apºmsWt∂mSv ]d™-Xv. Aßs\ Ah¿ ]d-™n-´mWv Rm≥ s]´n-bn¬ \n∂v B[m-c-saSpØv Iøn¬ sh®-Xv. Ah¿°v NnXsbm-cp-°m≥ Fs‚ Iøn¬ ]W-an-√mØ-Xp-sIm≠v Cu B[mcw Fhn-sSsb-¶nepw sh®v ]Ww hmbv]-sb-Sp°m-sa-∂mWv Rm≥ Icp-Xn-bn-cp-∂-Xv.

C\n-bXv th≠. Ip™n-cm-a≥ tÃj\n¬ t]mI-s´. arX-tZlw t]mÃv tam¿´w \S-Øn-°-s´. F\n°v hoW sIme-bmfn F∂ t]cv amdn-°n-´-Ww. C\n Ip™n-cm-a≥ kzm[o\w sNepØn Fs∂ I≈-t°-kn¬ IpSp°n- b mepw F\n- ° X\p- { K- l - a m- b ncn°pw. ImcWw Rm\n∂v Hcp {`m¥s‚ `mcy- b m- W v . Abm- f psS ho´n¬ F\n°v \n¬°m- \ m- h n- √ . im¥-Ip-am-cn-bΩ ac-Ws - ∏´ ÿnXn°v C\n Cu ho´nepw F\n°v \n¬°m≥ ]‰n- √ . Pbn¬ in£ In´n- b m¬ F\n°v AXn-\-IØv Ign-bm-a-t√m. Fs‚ hb- ‰ n¬ Fs‚ {`m¥- \ mb `¿Øm-hns‚ \mep amkamb inip InS- ∏ p- ≠ v . Pbn- e n¬ F\n- s °s‚ Ip™ns\ kpc-£n-X-ambn {]k-hn°m-at- √m. thKw t]ms´ Ip™n-cm-a≥ tÃj-\n-te-°v.'' Bfp-Iƒ Ip™n-cm-as\ HcnSØv ]nSn-®n-cpØn arXtZlw NnX-bnte-s°-Sp-°m-\p≈ Hcp-°-߃ sNbv X p. Ah¿ Ip™n- c m- a - t \mSv B[mcw ssIhiw sh®p-sIm-≈m\pw NnX-sbm-cp-°m\p≈ ]Ww X¬°mew kzcq-]n-°m\pw Bh-iy-s∏-´p. Ip™ncm-a≥ hg-ßn-bt- XmsS tij-{In-bI - ƒ \S-∂p. NnX Iq´n arX-tZlw kwkvIcn-®p. F√mw Ign™p P\- ° q´w ]ncn™p t]mb-t∏mƒ \fn\n AhfpsS `¿Ør-Kr-l-Øn-te°v Xncn-®p. sN∂p-t\m-°n-bt- ∏mƒ `¿Ømhv kpIpam-c≥ ho´n-ep-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£ Ahsf I≠-]msS Abmƒ ]pd-tØt°m-Sn. Ahƒ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ Ign®p-Iq-´n. Fs∂-¶nepw `¿Øm-hns‚ AkpJw amdn-°n´psa∂hƒ {]Xo£n-®p. Ieym-W-tØm-S-\p-_-‘n®p sIm≠p- h ∂ kv { Xo[\kwJybpw B`-c-W-ßfpw kpIp-am-cs‚ ssIhi-am-bn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬ AXv F¥m-sb∂v \fn-\n°dn-bn√. AXn-\m¬ Pohn-Xam¿§-Øn-\mbn bmsXm-∂p-an-√msX \fn\n Nn√d the-Iƒ°v t]mbn-ØpS-ßn. ]s£ Xs‚ hb-‰nse K¿`Øn\v A]-I-S-sam∂pw kw`-hn-°m-Xncn-°m≥ Ahƒ {i≤n-®p. {`m¥-\mb kpIp-am-c≥ ho´n¬ GXp ka-bØpw Ib-dn-h-cm≥ CS-bp-≈-Xn-\m¬ Ahƒ `b-hn-lz-eb - m-bm-Wh - nsS Ign-™p-sIm-

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≠n-cp-∂-Xv. A{]-Imcw Xs∂ Xs‚ K¿`ÿ inip GXp ka-bØpw `qanbn-te°v Cd-ßn- h - c - m-\n-Sb - p-≈X - n-\m¬ AXoh Pm{K-Xtbm-sS-bpw. \fn\nsb Gsd hnjan∏n°p∂Xv Ahƒ°v In´nb ta¬hn-em-kam-Wv. tPmen°p t]mIp-tºm-gm-Is´ a‰p Bh-iy-߃°p ]pd-Øn-d-ßptºm-gm-Is´ Ahƒ ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-Øs∏-Sp-∂Xv {`m¥s‚ `mcy F∂ \nebn-em-Wv. AXv amdn-°n-´-W-sa-¶n¬ Ahƒ {`m¥n-√mØ as‰m-cm-fpsS `mcybm-bn-Øo-c-Ww. Cu Btem-N-\-bnemWv Ahƒ IÆm-Sn-sb-SpØv t\m°nb-Xv. Hcp ImeØv Bscbpw BI¿ jn-°m≥ t]m∂ Xs‚ apJ-em-hWyw Ct∏mgpw \ne-\n¬°p-∂pt≠m? Ds≠¶n¬ Xs∂ Hcp A\ys‚ AXpw Hcp {`m¥s‚ k¥-Xn-bpsS ]nXrXzw Gs‰Sp-°m≥ Bcv Xøm-dmIpw ? ]s£ IÆm-Sn-bnse Zriyw C∂hƒ°v \ncmi-bmWv kΩm-\n-®X - v. ]gb kuμcyw am{X-a-√, Np≠nse ]p©ncn t]mepw Ahƒ°v \jvS-am-bn-cn-°p-∂p. AXn\m¬ th≠, as‰m-cm-fpsS `mcy-bmIm≥ tamln-°-≠. Ahƒ Cs∂mcp `mcy-bm-W-t√m, AXp aXn. AsX, \fn\n `mcy-bm-Wv... Hcp {`m¥s‚ `mcy.

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‘Touch’ sh_vssk‰v \PmØv ÿm]-\-ß-fnse hnZym¿∞n-I-sfbpw A[ym-]-I-scbpw ]q¿Δ-hnZym¿∞n-I-sfbpw F°m-ehpw Hcp ]c-kv]c ]cn-NnX irwJ-e-bm°n \n¿Øp-∂-Xn\v F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. ]q¿Δ-hn-Zym¿∞n-Iƒ cq]-I¬]\ sNbvX-XmWv Touch sh_vssk‰v. \PmØv Imº-kp-I-fn¬ \S-Ø-s∏-Sp∂ hnhn[ ]cn-]m-Sn-I-fpsS hniZmw-i-߃, amXr-Im-tNm-Zy-t]-∏-dp-Iƒ, \PmØv ÿm]-\-ß-sf-°p-dn-®p≈ HutZym-KnI ÿnXn hnh-cß - ƒ XpS-ßn-bh - bv°p ]pdsa kμ¿i-I¿°v Xß-fpsS t^kv_p-°v, KqKn¬, bmlq, hn≥tUmkv F∂o tkmjy¬ sh_vssk-‰p-I-fn-ep≈ kplr-Øp-°fp-ambn Htc-k-abw kwh-Zn-°m-\p≈ kuI-cyhpw ssk‰n-ep-≠v. \Pm-Øns‚ ap∏Ø©mw hm¿jn-Im-tLm-j-Øns‚ `mK-ambn AUz: Fw. DΩ¿ kmln_v Fw.-F¬.F. bmWv ssk‰v DZvLm-S\w sNbvX-Xv. hm¿jnI ]cn-]m-Sn-Iƒ ssk‰n-eqsS X¬kabw kwt{]-jWw sNbvXn-cp-∂p. temI-sØ-hn-sS-\n∂pw C‚¿s\‰v kuI-cy-ap≈ samss_¬ hgnbpw Iºyq-´¿ hgnbpw sh_v kμ¿in-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv. "]n]m-k'-bpsS UnPn-‰¬ ]Xn∏pw ssk‰n-eqsS hmbn°mw www.ncstkvk.tk F∂-XmWv sh_vssk‰v A{U- v. F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. sI.-hn.-sI. F∂v KqKn-fn¬ tk¿®v sNbvXmepw sh_vssk‰v e`n-°p-∂-Xm-Wv. F√m \PmØv hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pw ssk‰n¬ AwK-amhmw. \PmØv ÿm]- \ - ß - f p- a mbn _‘- s ∏´ hm¿Ø- I fpw hnti- j - ß fpw ncstkvk@gmail.com F∂ hnem-k-Øn¬ e-mail sNøp-I.


aivlqZv _n.-tImw. sk°‚ v ska-ÿ

\jvS-s∏´ a\- ns\ tXSn Ae-™p-\S- ∂t∏mƒ I≠ ImgvN-Iƒ: shSn-tb‰p hogp∂ Km‘n-Pn! BcmWo {Iqc-IrXyw sNbvX-sX∂p tNmZn-®p. c‡w sIm≠v s\‰n-bn¬ tldmw Fs∂-gpXn adp-]Sn X∂p. ]ns∂ tKmZvsk-bpsS sIme-acw. Ip‰-t_m[w sIm≠v Abmƒ IÆo¿ s]mgn-°p-∂p. s]mSn ]nSn-®p-In-S-°p∂ thZ]pkvXI - ß - ƒ, Ah-bv°c - n-In¬ hmtfm-ßnb aq∂p t]¿, \neØp InS-°p∂ Hcp XpWn aq∂m-°m≥ Ah¿ a’-cn-°p∂p. ImgvN-Iƒ XpS-cp-∂p... Hcp Ih-e-bn¬ s^an-\nkw BtLm-jn-°p-∂p. Ih-e-bpsS \Sp°v dmºn¬ Iym‰vhm°v. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ `n£-sb-Sp-°p-∂-h¿, thiym-e-b-߃, thiy-Iƒ, kzo∏¿am¿, hnπhw ImcWw {`m¥m-b-h¿, _p≤n-Po-hn-Iƒ... ]ns∂, P\m-[n-]-Xy-Øns‚ _m\-dp-Iƒ Db¿Øn Ch-tcm-sS√mw thm´n-c° - p∂ Iptd Ccp-Im-en-Iƒ... CXv Fs‚ `mc-Xw; Km‘n-Pn-bp-sS-bpw.

`mcXw am\n-jmZ: {im≤-ap-‰sØ _en-t®m-dp-Æm≥ £Wn-°msX Xs∂ t\c-sØ-sb-Ønb _en-°m-°sb Is√-Sp-sØ-dn-™v, A\n-bs‚ Igp-Øn¬ IØn XmgvØp-tºmƒ Ahs‚ hmbnse anTmbn hb-‰n-se-Øm-Xn-cn-°tW F∂v Abmƒ {]m¿∞n-®n-cp∂p-t]m-epw.

63


Sqdnkw F¥n-te-s°-√m-ap≈ Ihm-S-amWv? kº- ∂ - a mb ss]Xr- I hpw AXns‚ A\-iz-c-amb kvamc-I-ß-fpap≈ cmPy- s a∂ \nebv ° pw H∏w {]IrXn AXns‚ kuμ- c y- Z ypXn A∏msS tImcn-s®m-cn-™n-cn-°p∂ Zriy-ßf - psS Ie-hd - s - b∂ \nebv°pw Sqdn-kØ - n\v G‰-hp-tasd km[y-XI - f - p≠v C¥y-°v. k©m-cn-Iƒ°v ImWm \pw Adn-bm\pw Bkz-Zn-°m\pw Iymad-bn¬ ]I¿Øn-s°m-≠p-t]m-Im\p ap≈ hkvXp-°-fmepw ImgvN-I-fmepw \n_n-U-amWv C¥y-bpsS ISepw Icbp-sa-√mw. ]s£ hymh-km-bn-Im-Sn-ÿm\-Øn¬ Nn¥n®v kq£-a v X - t- bmsS Cu km[y-X-Isf ]c-am-h[n NqjWw sNøm≥ \ap°v Ign- b p- ∂ pt≠m F∂Xv kwi-ba - m-W.v Irjn°p tijw G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ km[yX Sqdn-kØns‚ taJ-ebm-sW-∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ Cu taJe hyh-ÿm-]n-Xa - mbpw hnime-ho-£-W-tØm-Sp-Iq-Snbpw D]-tbm-Ks∏-Sp-Øp-∂-]£w cmPysØ kº¬ k-ar-≤n-bnte-°p-b¿Øm≥ C{X-tbsd ^e-{]-Z-amb am¿§-an-s√∂p a\- n-em°mw. tIeh ImgvN-°m-cmb k©mcn-Is - f-b√ _nkn-\ v {Smh-te-gvkns\ BI¿jn- ° - e mWv Cu cwKØv G‰hpw {][m-\w. AXn\v im¥-amb A¥-co-£hpw {Ia-k-am[m-\-{]-iv\-an-

56

64

√m-ba v bpw BIm-iØ - n-eq-sSbpw Ic-bneq-sSbpw IS-en-eq-sS-bp-ap≈ bm{Xm-kpc-£n-XX - zhpw sshZypXn, t^m¨ apXe-mb - h - bnse A\n-›n-XX - z-an-√m-bvab - psa√mw {][m-\-am-Wv. tIc-f-Øn-te°v H´p-h-fsc k©m-cn-Isf BI¿jn°m≥ tlXp- h m- b n- ´ p≈ H∂mWv Bbp¿tΔZhpw kpJ-Nn-In-’-bp-sams°. Dgn- ® nepw Xncp- Ω - e p- s a√mw Dƒs°m- ≈ p∂ kpJ- N n- I n- ’ bpw ]©-I¿Ω NnIn-’b - p-sams° Ht´sd hntZ-in-Isf Ctßm-´m-I¿jn-°p-∂p. Huj[ {]tbm-K-Øns‚ ]m¿iz-^-eß-fn¬ \n∂v c£-t\-Sm-\m-{K-ln-°p∂

dwjo-\ ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

hntZ-in-I-fmb tcmKn-Iƒ Bbp¿tΔ-ZsØbpw tbmK- s bbpw B{i- b n®v NnIn’ \S-Øp-∂-Xn-\n-tßm-´mWv {]bmWw sNøp- ∂ Xv . C¥y- b nse ]ucm-WnI {KŸ-ßf - n-em-W-v C-hb - p-sSsb√mw ASnÿm\w InS-°p-∂-Xv. kzX-{¥-amb Bbp¿tΔZ akmPv ]m¿edp-Ifpw dntkm¿´p-Ifpw Cu cwKØv Db¿∂p-h∂ - n-´p-≠v. B[p-\nI temI-Øns‚ Xnc°p- ] n- S n- ® Xpw ]e- t ∏mgpw `bhpw Akz-ÿ-Xbpw P\n-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-amb kmaq-lnI˛km-ºØ - nI˛hy-mh-km-bnI A¥- c o£w ho¿∏p- a p- ´ n- ° p- t ºmƒ


Ht∂m- ct≠m amksØ hn{i-a-Po-hnX-Øn-\mbn {]Ir-Xn-bpsS ]dp-Zok At\z-jn-°p-∂h - cpw s]≥j≥ hmßn AXp-ambn DeIw Np‰m-\n-dß - p-∂h - cpw cmPy-tØ°v Sqdn-Ãp-If - m-sb-Øp-tºmƒ Ahsc Xß-fpsS {]Xo-£-s°mØ hn[w kzoI-cn®v Xr]vX-cm-°n-hn-s´¶nte Ah-cn-eqsS ho≠pw ho≠pw IqSpX¬ Sqdn-Ãp-Isf \ap-°m-I¿jn°m≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. h¿§o-b-hm-ZnIfpw `oI-c-hm-Zn-Ifpw \ΩpsS cmPyØn-t\¬∏n-°p∂ ZpjvIo¿Øn am‰n-sbSp-°m≥ CXp-hgn am{X-amWv km[n-°pI. "Zp\nbmsI P∂-Øpw, JqZmsI a∂Øp' sa√m-amb Imivao¿ Sqdn-kØn-eqsS C¥y°v henb XpI h¿jwtXmdpw t\Sn-Ø-∂n-cp-∂p-sh-¶nepw C∂Xv Gsd-°psd C√m-Xm-bX - n-\p-ImcWw Ahn-SsØ {Ia-k-am-[m-\-ØI¿®bpw kpc-£n-XX - z-an-√m-ba v b - p-am-W.v Sqdn-Ãp-Iƒ h∂p-Xm-a-kn-°m-dp-≠m-bncp∂ lukvt_m-´p-I-sf√mw Hgn-™pIn-S-°p-Ibpw Ah-bnse Poh-\-°m¿ a‰p-]e tPmen°pw t]mIp∂ Ah-ÿbmbn amdp-Ibpw sNbvXn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wn∂v. Ipg∏w \S-°p-∂n-S-tØ°v Poh≥ ]-Wbw sh®v FØm≥ am{Xw kmlkn-Ic - mbncn-°b - n-√t√m F√m Sqdn-k‰ v pI-fpw. \ap-°-dn-bmw, Sqdn-k-Øns‚ am{Xw hcp-am-\w-sIm≠v kº-∂-amb cmPy-amWv am¬Zzo-hvkv. Hcp-Im-eØv a’y-°-®-h-SsØ am{Xw B{i-bn®p Pohn-®n-cp-∂-h-cm-bn-cp∂p amen P\-X. Sqdn- k - a mWv amen- b psS apJ- — mb BsI am‰n-Øo¿Ø-Xv. "A¥¿hm-ln\n-Iƒ' IS-en-\-Sn-bn¬ hsc FØm\p≈ a\p-jys‚ Pn⁄m-ksb ian∏n-°p-sa-∂X - n-\m¬ amen-bp-sS Sqdnkw IS¬Xo-chpw IS¬\n-c∏pw IS∂v BgnbpsS Bg-ß-fn-temfw FØn-\n¬°p∂p. CØ- c - Ø n- e p≈ kwhn- [ m\w C¥y°pw A{]m-]y-a√ - m-ØXm-Wv. C∂v BtKmf cwKØv Sqdnkw Hcp henb a’-c-th-Zn-bm-Wv. hntZi Sqdn- à p- I - s f Fß- s \- s b- √ m- a mWv BI¿jn-°m-\m-hp-I-sb∂p Nn¥n-°pIbmWv Hmtcm cmPy-hpw. hninjym kmº-ØnIØI¿®-bn¬ \n∂v Ic-Ib-td≠ cmPy-߃. hnam-\b - m{Xm Iqen Ipd®pw \£- { X- t lm- ´ - e p- I - f nse Xmakw IqSp-X¬ BZm-bI - c - a - m-°nbpw

h≥]-c-ky-߃ \¬In Sqdn-Ãp-Isf ®pw Icp-X-tem-Sp-Iq-Snbpw am{X-am-bn-cnBI¿jn-°p-I-bmWv hntZi cmPy°Ww Cu taJ-e-bnse GsXmcp ߃. apsºms° a°-tØ°pw aZo-\Nph-Sp-h-bv∏pw. Sqdn-Ãp-I-fn¬ ]ecpw tØ-°p-amWv Xo¿∞m-S-I¿ hym]-IAt\z-jW - X - z-ct- bmSpw hn⁄m-\I - uambn t]mbn-cp-∂-sX-¶n¬ C∂v ^eXp- I - t ØmSpw Kth- j W NmXp- c ykvXo-\n-te°pw _mKvZm-Zn-te°pw a‰pw tØmSpw kq£-a-\nco-£W ]mS-htIc-f-Øn¬ \n∂p-t]mepw Sqdn-ÃptØmSpw Zm¿i-\n-I-amb ka-Nn-Ø-XIsfØp∂Xv hym]I- a m- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . tbmSpw Imhy-`m-h-\-tbmSpw Iem-Iu{^m≥kv, knwK-∏q¿, tlmt¶m-Mv, atei-e-tØmSpw IqSn kztZ-i-Øp-\n∂v jy, {ioe¶ apX- e mb cmPy- ß ƒ Cdßn∏pds∏Sp-∂h - c - m-W.v k©m-ck - mtemI-Ønse {]kn≤ SqdnÃv tI{μlnXyw F∂ Hcp imJ-Xs∂ kmln߃ F∂ \nebv°v henb apX¬apXy-Øn\v kn≤n-°p∂Xv CØc°mcnS-t°m-Sp-Iq-Sn-bmWv a’c cwKØv kPoeq-sS-b-s{X. hniz-{]-kn-≤-cmb F{Xh-ambncn°p-∂-Xv. Cu cmPy-ß-sfsb{X k©m-cn-I-fmWv ]e `mj-I-fnsb√mw sh√m≥ Xc-Øn-ep≈ ]≤-Xnembn Cu kmln-Xy-im-Jbv°p A\I-fm-hn-jI v c - n®pw ]mt°-Pp-Iƒ {]Jymizc kw`m- h - \ - I - f ¿∏n- ® n- ´ p- ≈ - X v . ]n®pw thWw \ap°o cwKØv ]nSnlpbm≥kmMpw C_v\p-_Ø - q-Øbpw ®p-\n¬°m≥. Cub-Sp-Ømbn \S∂ apX¬ Fkv.- s I. s]m‰- ° mSpw tIma¨sh¬Øv sKbnw-kn¬ \n∂p kn.F®pw hsc-bp-≈-h¿ Cu cwKØv th≠{X apX-se-Sp-°m≥ \ap°v Ign\ap°v G‰hpw ]cn-N-b-ap≈hcm-Wv. ™n-´pt≠m F∂Xv Nn¥-\o-ba - m-Wv. k©m-cØ - n-eqsS {]kn-≤\ - mb kt¥mSqdn-k-Øn\v Gsd km[y-X-IjvIp-f-ßc hniz-hy-‡nXzw t]mse fp≈ kwÿm-\-amWv tIc-fw. "ssZhBbn-Øo¿∂n-´p-≠t- √m. Øns‚ kz¥w \m´n'-te°v Ahs‚ Sqdnkw \ΩpsS Pohn-X-sØ Zmk≥amsc `qan-bpsS F√m`mK-Øpbpw kwkvIm-c-sØbpw sX‰m-b \ne\n∂pw BI¿jn-°m≥ ]≤-Xn-I-fm-hn-jvI-cn®p \S-∏n-em-°m≥ Cubn-sS\ap-°-dn-bmw, Sqdn-k-Øns‚ bmbn \ΩpsS k¿°m-dpIƒ Ipsd-sbms° {ianam{Xw hcp-am-\w-sIm≠v kº-∂a- mb °p-∂-Xmbn ImWp-∂pcmPy-amWv am¬Zzo-hvkv. Hcp-Im-eØv ≠v. Chn-SsØ Imem-hÿbpw {]Ir-Xn-`w-Knbpw a’y-°-®-h-SsØ am{Xw B{i-bn®p hn`-h-ß-fp-sa√mw ]≠pPohn-®n-cp-∂-h-cm-bn-cp∂p amen P\-X. ap-X¬t° Sqdn-Ãp-Isf BI¿jn-®p-t]m-∂n-´p-≈Sqdn-k-amWv amen-bpsS apJ-—mb Xmbn Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \ap BsI am‰n-Øo¿Ø-Xv. "A¥¿hm°p hmbn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂p. C∂pw AX-ßs - \-Xln- \ n- I ƒ' IS- e n- \ - S n- b n¬ hsc s∂. kzIm-cy-kw-cw-`I - c - mFØm- \ p≈ a\p- j ys‚ Pn⁄mbn-cp∂p ASpØ Imew hsc Cu cwKw kPo-hksb ian-∏n-°p-sa-∂-Xn-\m¬ amenam°n t∏m∂n-cp-∂-sXbp-sS Sqdnkw IS¬Xo-chpw IS¬ ¶n¬ Ct∏mƒ k¿°m-dpIƒ Cu taJ-e-bn-te°v \n-c∏pw IS∂v Bgn-bpsS Bg-ß-fnIqSp-X¬ {i≤ tI{μo-Itemfw FØn-\n¬°p-∂p. CØ-ccn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂p-≠v. G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ Øn-ep≈ kwhn-[m\w C¥y °pw Btcm- ] - W - k m- [ y- X - I A{]m-]y-a-√m-ØXm-Wv. fp≈ Hcp taJe IqSnbmWv Sqdn-kw. AXp-sIm≠p-Xs∂ hfsc kq£n

65


bn¬ kzm[o- \ n- ° p- ∂ p- s ≠- ∂ Xv A∏msS X≈n-°-f-bm-hp∂ Hcm-tcm-]W-a-√. Sqdn-k-Ønse hnt\m-Z-t_m-[Øns‚ AXn- { ]- k cw sIm≠m- b ncn°pw, ]ecpw Sqdn-Ãp-Isfsb√mw ]p—-tØmSpw kwi-b-tØmSpw IqSn ho£n-°m-dp-≠v. Xe-ap-d-I-fmbn \mw XpS¿∂p-t]m-cp∂ kwkvIm-cs - Øtbm hnizm-km-Nm-cß - s - ftbm ChnsS h∂pt]m-Ip∂ A\y-cm-Py-ßf - n¬ \n∂p≈ k©m-cn-Iƒ°v kzm[o-\n®v Iogvs]-SpØm- \ m- I p- s a- s ∂ms° ]d- ™ m¬ Aß-s\-bßp hniz-kn-°p-Is - bm∂pw th≠. \ΩpsS ]pcm-X-\hpw i‡-hpamb kwkvIm-c-Øn\v Xncn®v Hcp kzm[o-\-i-‡n-bp-an-s√∂p [cn-°pIbpw th≠. ChnsS hcp∂ Sqdn-Ãp-

Iƒ kz¥w kwkvIm-csØ kq£n-°p∂-Xn-t\m-sSm∏w \ΩpsS kmwkvIm-c-n IØ-\n-asb BZ-cn-°p-∂-h-cm-sW-∂XmWv hmkvX-hw. XmPva-l-en-te°pw U¬ln Ppam-ak - P v n-Zn-te-°pw, hmcm-Wkn, APvao¿ t]mep≈ Xo¿∞m-S\ tI{μ-ßf - n-te-°p-sa-Øp∂ hntZi SqdnÃp-Iƒ Ahn-S-ß-fn-te°p tbmPn® Xc-Øn¬ hkv{X-[m-c-W-Øn¬ hcpØp∂ am‰-߃ CXn-te-°s√ kqN\ Xcp-∂-Xv? C{]-Imcw Xs∂ Ahn-izk-\o-b-amWv Iem-cw-K-ß-fn¬ SqdnÃp hyh-kmbw A\n-b{- ¥n-Xa - mbn ssIIS- Ø p- ∂ p- s h∂ Btcm- ] - W - h pw. \ΩpsS Ie-Isf As√-¶n¬ Iem-cq]-ßsf sh´n-°p-d®v hnIr-X-am°n hntZ-io-bc - psS apºn¬ Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p-

∂Xv Hcp \yq\-X-bmbn ]d-bm-sa-¶n¬ Cubn-sS-bmbn AØcw G®pIq´-epIƒ Hgn-hm-°m≥ {ia-߃ \S-°p-∂ps≠-∂Xpw Hcp bmYm¿∞y-am-Wv. Cß-s\-sbm-s°-bm-sW-¶nepw `oI-ch - m-Zhpw Xo{h-hm-Zh - p-sams° Hcp hnj-b-am-bn-Øo¿∂n-cn-°p∂ C°meØv Sqdn-Ãp-Is - f∂ hymtP\ \ΩpsS cmPysØ \njv I - f ¶ bph- X zsØ NqjWw sNøm-s\-Øn-tb-°m-hp∂ hntZi Ip_p-≤n-Iƒ°pw h{I-_p-≤nIƒ°p-sa-Xn-cn¬ GXm-bmepw \mw PmK-cq-I-cm-Ip-∂-Xn\v Sqdn-k-Øn-eq-sSbp≈ em`-tamlw XS- -am-bn-°q-Sm. CXn-te°p kqN-\X - c - p∂ kw`-hß - ƒ tIc-fØ - n¬ Xs∂-bp-≠m-bn-´p-≈X - m-Wt√m.

Hm¿Ω-bn-semcp Nncn

58

hn[n-X≥ Xncp-k-a-£-Øn-¶¬ \n[n t]msesbs∂-b-t߬]n®v a[p-hq-dp-sam-c-¥y-®n-cnbpw Nncn®v aXn-bm-°nbnl Pohn-X-sa≥ XmX≥. A∂p sXm´n-t∂m-fhpao Rm≥ s]m∂p-∏-bp-sSbm A¥y-®ncn a\- n≥ Nn√p-Iq-´n-semcp Zo]-ambv aß-se∂ntb Pzen-∏n°p∂p \nXyhpw Ccp-fm¿∂ Pohn-Xh - o-Yn-If - n¬ CSdpw ]mZ-ß-fn¬ \oßp-t∂cw A®ncn Xs∂m-fn-Zo-]-sa-\n-°mbn˛ s®mcn-™nSpw sh¨sh-fn-®-Øp-≈n-Iƒ. kvt\l-Øn≥ ioX-f— - m-bb - n¬ taml-߃°p km^-ey-taIn hf¿Øn "\n\-°n\n \oa-Xn-'sb-t∂mXn \n\-°m-Xn-cns° t]msbm-sc≥ XmXm! Aß-bn¬ \n∂v Icƒ°-cpØv t\Sn `wK-at\y ]pe¿Øp-a-{]-Xo-£-bn-Ω-Iƒ. ]mIn-b-sß-∂n-et\I KpW-߃ X≥ ]hn{X _oPm¶p-c-ß-sf-¶nepw ]mI-am-bn-√-Xn≥ apºßp t]mbn\n ]mI-am-°nSmw Rm\-sXm-s°-bpw. Aß-bpsS Hm¿Ω Xcp-an-Øq-sh-fn®w hnßpw a\- n-s\-s∂∂p-a-\p-{K-lw.

66

dp_o\ kn. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv


BZysØ ]n.-F-kv.kn. sSÃv kmPn-ss^-k¬ sI.-Sn. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

k¿°m-dp-tZymKw e`n-°m-\p≈ B{Klw Ipcp-∂nte F∂n¬ A¶pcn-®-Xm-bn-cp-∂p. Fs‚ D∏ Fs∂ kvIqfn¬ tN¿°m≥ Hcp-°n-∏p-d-s∏-Sphn®p sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-tºmƒ h√ypΩ Ft∂mSp ]d™p: "Ip´n \t√mWw ]Tn®v hey Bfmbn DtZymKw In´o´v h√yp- Ω m°v Hcp s]m∂ns‚ ame hmßn-Øc - Ww sIt´m'. F‚p-∏sb {]k-hn® heyp-Ωbt√, F\n-°p-∏sb X∂ h√yp-Ωm°v Hcp kz¿Æ-ame hmßn-s°m-Sp-°-Wsa∂ B{K-la- mWv ]ns∂-bn-tßm-´p≈ Fs‚ ]e D’m-lß - ƒ°pw ]n∂nse Hcp kp{]-[m\ LS-I-ambn h¿Øn-®Xv . ]s£ DtZymKw In´n iºfw hmßn-bn´p th≠n-bn-cp∂p h√yp-Ωm°v kz¿Æ-ame hmßn-s°m-Sp-°m≥. DtZymKw In´- W - s a- ¶ n¬ \n›nX tbmKy-X t\S-Ww. ]ns∂ ]n.F-kv.-kn. ]co-£bpw C‚¿hyq-bpsams° Pbn-°-Ww. Rm≥ πkvSp ]mkm-b-Xp-ap-X¬°p XpS-ßn-b-XmWv s]mXp-hn-⁄m\w IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ B¿÷n- ° p- ∂ - X n- \ p≈ hmb- \ - b nte¿s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. e£yw ]n.-F-kv.-kn. Xs∂. Aß-s\-bn-cns° ]{X-Øn¬ Hcp ]ckyw: ]n.-F-kv.-kn. ]co-£. F¬.-Un.¢m¿°ns‚ XkvXn-Ib - n-te-°m-

Wv. D’mlw sIm≠p- Xp-Sn-°p∂ Fs‚ a\- ns‚ {]Xn-^e - \w apJ-ØpI≠ Nßm-Xn-am¿ BImw-£-tbmsS tNmZn®p: "\osb¥m ]{X-Øn-en-ßs\ apßn-°n-S° - p-∂Xv?' "]n.-F-kv.-kn. sSÃv \ap-s°-gpXWw. F¬.- U n.- ¢ m¿°n- t ‚- X mWv t]mÃv. C∂p-Xs∂ {]n∏-b¿ sNbvXpXp-Sß - mw. tPmen In´n iºfw hmßo´pthWw Fs‚ h√yp-Ωm-s°mcp kz¿Æame taSn-®p-sIm-Sp-°m≥. \ΩpsS Pn√bn¬ \m¬]Xv t]mÃp-≠v. Fß-s\sb-¶nepw In´m-Xn-cn-°n-√. ]cn-{i-an°mw'. "Rm\q≠v. F\n°p tPmen-In´n iºfw hmßn-bn-´p-thWw H∂p eoshSpØv \mSp-Np-‰m≥'. Iq´-Øn¬ HcpØs‚ Ia‚-Sn. Aßs\ Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿ Hmtcm \ne-°mWv Rm≥ BImw-£m`- c n- X - \ mbn hmbn- ® p- t Iƒ∏n® B hm¿Ø-tbmSv {]Xn-Ic - n-®X - v. Ahkm\w sSÃns‚ Znhkw FØn-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. F\n°p Ipsd Zqsc-bmWv sk‚¿ In´n-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. cm{Xn-ap-gp-h≥ Ccp∂p hmb\ Xs∂. ]e- {]-kn-≤o-I-c-W-ßfpw ]e-cn¬ \n∂mbn hmbv] hmßn kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-

´p-≠v. ]n.-F-kv.-kn. FgpXn Pbn®v DtZym-K-ÿ-∑m-cmbn amdnb ]e-cpsSbpw D]-tZ-i-\n¿t±-i-ßfpw t\Sn h®n-´p-≠v. "Ipt´y, sIS- ∂ p- d - ß v W v - t √. t\sc-{X-bm-bn. C÷n™ow Cßs\ Hd-s°m-gn®m ZÆw ]nSn-°q-t´m. shf°qXn Hd-ßn-°m'. h√yp-Ω-bp-tS-Xm-bncp∂p Xm°o-Xv. "At∏m Cß°v kz¿Æ-ame hmßn-Ø-c-t≠. \n°n∂v Hd-ß-≠m. \msf ]n.-F-kv.-kn. ]co-£-bm. DtZym Kw In´pw. Cß°v kz¿Æ-ame hmßnØ- c pw. C®v DtZymKw In´m- ß fv {]m¿∞n-°ow'. Rm\nXv ]d-bp-tºmƒ heypΩ Ic-™p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-bncp- ∂ p. C\n- b n- t ∏mƒ h√yp- Ω m°v kz¿Æ-am-es - bm∂pw th≠m-Xm-bn-cn-°p∂p. F‚p-∏-bpsS BI-kvan-I-amb acWw Rß-fpsS IpSpw-_sØ BsI°qSn IjvS∏ - m-Sn-em-°n-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-W.v "Cßfv t]mbn Hd-ßn-t°m-fow. h¿Ø- m \w ]d™m DΩ DW- c pw. DΩm°v t\cw shfpØm ]Wn-°p-t]m-

67


≠-Xm. sN√nw. Cß-sfm-d-ßn-t°mfow t]mbn´v'. AXp-tI-´-]msS h√ypΩ Dd°-∏m-bn-te°v sNcn-™p tZl-amsI ]pX-∏n-´p-aq-Sn. Fs‚ apºnse shfn®w iey-am-Im-Xn-cn-°m≥ Rm≥ h√yp-Ω°v ad-bmbn Ccp-∂p-sIm-≠mWv hmb\ XpS¿∂-Xv. s]s´∂mWXv kw`- h n- ® Xv . sshZypXn shfn®w A{]-Xy-£-am-bn. AXp-hsc Dd-°-Øn\pw DW¿Δn-\p-anS-bn¬ ]pkvX-I-ß-fpsS apºn-en-cn-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂ F\n°v H∂p-In-S-∂p-dßm≥ AsXmcp kuI-cy-am-b-Xp-t]mse-bmWv tXm∂n-b-Xv. Rm≥ AdnbmsX Fgp-t∂‰v sXm´-Sp-Øp≈ ]mbbn-te°p InS-∂p. t\cw shfp- Ø p. kabw GgpaWn. ^Ãv _ n\p ]pd-s∏-S-Wsa∂ Xocp-am\w apS-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. C\n-bp-≈Xv ]cn-an-Xa - mb \nan-jß - ƒ. F{Xbpw s]s´∂v Ipfn®v tXm¿Øn hkv{Xw amdn Hcp I´≥ Nm-bbpw IpSn®v _kv Ib-dm-≥ t]mbn. _ n¬ \√ Xnc-°p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. kma¿∞ywsIm-≠mWv F\n-s°mcp ko‰v Xc-s∏Sp-Øm≥ km[n-®-Xv. AXn-te-°mWv Hcp kv{Xo Ip™n-s\bpw ]nSn-®p -Ib-dn-h-cp-∂-Xv. h\n-Xm-kw-h-cW ko‰√m-Xn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Rm≥ Fgp-t∂-‰psIm-Sp-Øn-√. Ip™ns\ hmßn aSnbn¬ sh®p Hcp _ps°-SpØv d^¿ sNøm≥ XpS-ßn. Xte-cm{Xn hfsc sshIn Dd-ßn-b-Xn-\mepw ImeØv bmsXm∂pw Ign-°msX ]pd-s∏-´X - m-bncp-∂-Xn-\mepw hni∏pw £oWhpw tN¿∂v Fs∂ \n{Z-bpsS aSn-Ø-´n-te°n-cp-Øn. ]pkvXIw Iq´n-sh®v aSnbnen-cn-°p∂ Ip™ns\ apdp-sI-∏n-Sn®v Rm≥ ko‰n¬ Aa¿∂n-cp-∂p. ico-cØns‚ Hmtcm Cg- I - f nepw Dd- ° Øns‚ ]nSn apdp-In-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. £oWnXKm-{X-\mb Rm≥ AKm-[-\n{Z-bn¬. _kv Ãm‚n-se-Øn-bn´v I≠IvS¿ ]nSn-®p-Ip-ep-°n-bn-´mWv Rm\pW¿∂-Xv. At∂cw Fs‚ aSn-bn¬ B Ip™v InS∂v \√ Dd-°w. Ip™ns‚ DS-as - b ImWp-∂n-√. F\n-°msI ]cn{`m-¥n. F¥mWo kw`-hn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv? Fs‚ ]co-£m-sk‚-dn\pw F{Xtbm Zqsc-bmWv Rms\-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂X - .v aSnbn-em-sW-¶n¬ Bcp-tS-sX-∂-dn-bmØ

60

68

Hcp Ip™pw. F¥p- s N- ø Ww? Ip™ns‚ AΩ AXns\ Fs‚ aSnbn¬ hnt´-®p-t]m-bXv adt∂m a\∏q¿htam? X¬°mew Ip™ns\ _ n¬ InSØn Cdßn Hmt´m hnfn®v ]co£m- s k‚- d n¬ FØp- ∂ - X m- b ncn°pw _p≤n-sb∂p tXm∂n. Aßs\ Ip™ns\ ko‰n¬ InS-Øn-b-t∏mƒ AXp-W¿∂p Ic-bm≥ XpS-ß-n. AXpI≠ _ nse Poh-\° - m¿ Fs∂ HmSn®p-]n-Sn-®p. Rm≥ B Ip™v Ft‚-X√, Hcp kv{Xo aSn-bn¬ sh®p t]mbXmWv F∂p ]d-s™-¶nepw Bcpw AXv hniz-kn-®n-√. F\n°v AhnlnX-am-bp≠mb Ip™ns\ AXns‚ AΩ Fs∂-tb¬∏n®v A{]-Xy-£-amb-Xm-hm-sa∂ \nK-\-a-Øn-emWv HSphn¬ Ah- s c- Ø n- b - X v. Aßs\ AhnsS IqSnb P\-°q´w Fs∂bpw B Ip™n-s\bpw t]meokv tÃj\n-se-Øn-®p. Ip™v \ne-°msX \nehn-fn-°p-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Rm≥ BsI hnd-°p-I-bm-Wv. Ft‚-X-√mØ Hcp Ip‰-Øn\v Rm≥ tem°-∏n-e-I-s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp-I-bm-Wv. Fs‚ ]n.-F-kv.-kn. ]co£ apS-ßm≥ t]mIp-I-bm-Wv. DΩbpw h√yp-Ωbpw F‚p-∏b - psS ac-WØ - n\p tijw F∂ne¿∏n® Bflhnizmkw XI- c m≥ t]mIp-I-bm-Wv. Hcp Ip™ns\ X´nsb-Sp-Ø-h≥ F∂ Zpjvt]cv F\n°v Fs∂-t∂-°p-ambn hogm≥ t]mIp-Ib - mWv . Rm≥ kXym- h ÿ t]meokv tÃj-\n-seØn hni-Z-ambn Fgp-Xns°m-Sp-°p-∂X - n\v Xøm-dm-bn. Aß-s\bn-cns° Hcp kv{Xo t]meokv tÃj\n-te°v hmhn-´p-Ic - ™p sIm≠v HmSnh- c p- ∂ p. AsX, Fs‚ Iøn¬ Ip™ns\ G¬∏n® B kv{Xo Xs∂. F\n-s°-s¥-∂n-√mØ Hcm-izmkw tXm∂n. kwi-bØ - ns‚ Iqc-ºp-If - n¬ \n∂p- Rm≥ c£-s∏-Sm≥ t]mIp-Ib - msW-s∂-\n°p tXm∂n. ]s£ {]iv\w ho≠pw k¶o¿Æ-am-hp-I-bm-Wv. B kv{Xo Ip™ns\ Fs‚ Iøn¬ Xcptºmƒ AXns‚ Igp-Øn¬ Hcp kz¿Æam-e-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-h-s{X. AXv Rm≥ FSp-Øn-´p-≠m-Ip-sa-∂mWv kv{XobpsS hmZw. Rm≥ Fs∂ ASn-apSn ]cn-tim[n- ® p- s Im- ≈ m≥ ]d- ™ p- s h- ¶ nepw Rm≥ XkvIc kwL-Ønse saº-dmbn-cn-°m-sa∂pw kz¿Æ-ame Fs‚

Iøn¬ \nt∂-‰p-hmßn kwL-Ønse as‰m-cwKw CS-°p-sh®v Cd-ßn-t∏m-bncn-°m-sa-∂p-ap≈ Ah-fpsS kwibw \ymb- a m- b mWv t]meo- s k- S p- Ø - X v . Aßs\ Rm≥ tem°-∏n-em-bn. kabw sshIp-t∂cw \me-caWn. AXp-hsc F\n°v ]®-sh-≈wt]mepw tÃj-\n¬ \n∂p In´n-bn-√. Fs∂-°mØv F‚p-Ωbpw h√yp-Ωbpw s]ßfpw ho´n¬ Ign-bp-I-bm-sW∂ hnNmcw h√m-sØm-c-kz-ÿ-X-bmbn Fs∂ t¢in-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-∂p. Rm≥ tem°-∏n-emb hnhcw Fßs\ Fs‚ ho´n-se-Øn-°pw. Fs‚ \nc-]c - m-[nXzw Fßs\ A[n-Ir-Xsc t_m[y-s∏-SpØpw? h√ypΩm°v kz¿Æ-ame hmßns°m-Sp-t°-≠-Xn\v DtZym-K-ÿ-\mhm≥sIm-Xn®p ]n.-Fk - v.k - n. Fgp-Xm≥ t]mb Rm\n- t ∏mƒ kz¿Æ- a me tamjv S n- ® - h - \ mbn ap{Z- I p- Ø - s ∏´v tem°-∏n¬ AS-°s - ∏-´n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. "Fs‚ A√m-lp-sh, \nc-]-cm-[n-bmb Fs‚ kXy-ÿnXn \o DSs\ sXfnbn-®p-sIm≠v Fs∂ c£n-t°-Wta' F∂v Rm≥ a\w-s\m¥v {]m¿∞n-®p. \nan-jß - t- fsd Ign-bp-∂X - n-\papºv t]meokv tÃj-\nse sSent^m¨ s_√-Sn-®p. Rm≥ sNhn-Iq¿∏n®p-sIm≠v AXn-\p-t\sc {i≤n-®p-sIm≠n-cp-∂p. Hcp kv{Xokzc-amWv tIƒ °p-∂X - v. Ip™ns‚ kz¿Æ-ame Xncn®p-In-´n-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂ hnhcw tÃj\n¬ In´n-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wv. X¬£Ww A¬]w Cu¿jy-tbmSpw ]›m-Øm-]tØmSpw IqSn Ah¿ tem°∏v Xpd∂v Fs∂ \ncp-]m-[nIw hn´-b-®p. Rm≥ A√m- l p- h ns\ kv X pXn- ® p- s Im- ≠ v Fs‚ ho´n- t e°p _ v Ib- d n. F∂m¬ Fs‚ sSÃv apS-ßn-b-Xn\v Bcm-Wp-Ø-c-hmZn? a‰m-cp-a-√. Rm≥ Xs∂. B Ip™ns‚ `mcw Xmßn tIdn-h∂ kv{XotbmSpw B Ip™nt\mSpw F¥n-s\-\n°p Zb-tXm∂n? Ahn-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p Ipg-∏w. A{Xbpw Znhkw Dd-°-sam-gn®v ]n.-F-kv.-kn. sSÃn-\p-th≠n ]e sa‰o-cn-b-ep-Ifpw hmbn-®n´pw In´mØ Hcp hne-s∏´ hnhc-amWv B A\p-`hw Fs∂ ]Tn-∏n-®Xv.


]mXn-cm-°p-bn-ens‚ tX߬

k^o¿ Fw. Bcmcpw ImWmsX Bscbpw ImWmsX Bcm-aa - ≤ - y-Øn-se-Øn-bh - ƒ ]mep-t]m-semØ \nem-hn≥ \nd-hn-embv ]mSm-\mbv ]ms´m-∂t- ß-Ib - m-bn. Ahn-sS-bm-W-h-fpsS B¨Ip-bn¬ apdn-th‰p hnS-sNm√n hoW-sX-t∂m¿°p-∂-hƒ. s]mbvt]m-bI - m-eØ - n≥ IY-bm-hm-ah - f - psS ]m´ns‚ s]mcp-sf-∂-dn-bp∂p Rm≥. t{]a-]p-c- -c-sam-cp-\m-fn-en-cp-hcpw ]c-tZ-is - Øtßm \ns∂-Øn-bß - v. Hcp Xcp-hn≥ tamfn¬ ]m¿∏m-bn-b-ßs\ Hcp \mfpw ]ncn-bn-√-sb∂ tNen¬. tImIne Km\-Øn≥ am[pcyw \pI¿∂n´v tImƒa-bn¿ sIm≠p ]cn-k-c-ÿ¿. Aß-s\-sbmcp \mfn-semcp tImgn-°p-™ns\ Fßpt∂m hs∂m-cn-cp-´n≥kpX≥ X´n-sb-Sp-sØ∂ hm¿Ø ]c-∂msc s]s´∂p £p`n-X-cmbv _lp-P-\-߃ I√pw hSn-I-fp-ta-¥n-Øn-c-™-h¿ F√m-bn-SØ - p-a° - c - S- Ø - n-\m-bv. Ipbn-en-s\-s°m-ºØp I≠-]mtS P\w Ip]n-X-cmbv Is√-dn-™-Xns\ hogvØn. I≈-s\-°n-´nb kwXr-]vXn-tbm-Sh - ¿ X≈n-Øn-c-°n-b-Xn-¶-se-Øn. A∂m-´n≥ tcmam-©-am-bvØo¿∂ Ipbn-ens\ sIm∂n-´- Lm-X-I-cmbv Xo¿∂-h¿. hmhn´p tIWpw hg-°n´pw s]¨Ip-bn¬ thK-Øn-se-tßmt´m t]mbva-d-™p. C∂mhmw ]n∂-hƒ h∂p-t\m-°p-∂Xv X∂m-fl-\m-Ys‚ Nc-a-\m-´n¬. Ah-fpsS Km\-Øn≥ s]mcp-f-dn-t™m-sc√mw Ah-sf-t∏m¬ tXßn-°-c-™p-t]m-bn.

_n.-F. ss^\¬ tkmtjym-fPn

69


kvt\l-am-W-Jne kmc-aq-gn-bn¬ i^o-d ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

alm-Ihn Ipam-c\ - m-ims‚ A\-izc Imhy-kr-jSv n-bmb "\fn\n' bn¬ At±lw kvt\lsØ h¿Æn-°p-∂Xv `qanbnse AJn-e-km-c-am-bn-´m-Wv. {]kvXpX IrXn-bnse IYm]m-{X-ß-fmb \fn-\o-Zn-hm-I-c≥am¿ XΩn-ep≈ {]Wbw XpS°-Øn¬ kv{Xo]pcp-j≥am¿°n-Sb - n¬ kzm`m-hn-Ia - mbn kw`hn-°m-dp≈ Xc-Øn¬s]´ Hcp kvt\l-_-‘-am-bn-cp-s∂¶nepw tbmKn-bmbn amdnb Znhm-Ic - \ - p-ambn \fn\n ]p\ wKan-°p-∂t- Xm-Sp-IqSn Ah-cp-sS kvt\lw Bflo-ba - mb hnip≤ Xe-Øn-te°v ]cn-W-an-®p-b-cp-I-bm-Wv. kvt\l-Øn\v Cß-s\-sbmcp aln-XXew D≈-Xn-s\°p-dn®v t_m[-ap-≈-h-c√ Hcp-hn[w Bfp-I-sfm∂pw Xs∂. Znhym-\p-`q-Xn-bpsS hnip≤ kwtbm-Kw-hgn kn≤n-°p∂ Bflob kpJ-Øn¬ C{μn-b-kp-J-ß-sf√mw hnkva-cn-°p-∂h-cpsS Bflo-bm-\p-cm-K-am-W-Xv. AXn-\m¬ kvt\l-Øns‚ B aln-X-X-e-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Hcp hnNmcw ¢njvStam hncktam Bbn-cn-°pw, \sΩ-t]m-ep≈ kmam-\y-P-\-ß-fpsS t_m[- a - fi - e - Ø n\v . km[m- c - W - a mb kv t \lsØ \nkzm¿∞hpw \n¿a-e-hp-amb coXn-bn¬ a\- n¬ \ne\n¿Øn Pohn-XØ - n¬ Hcp aqey-sa-t∂mWw AXns\ {]tbmP-Io-`-hn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ {]m]vXntb \ap-s°m-s°-bp-≈q. Cu c≠m-aXv ]d™ hn[-Øn¬ kvt\lsØ FSp°p-tºmgpw `qan-bnse AJne kmcw Xs∂ kvt\-lw. CØc-samcp Xehpw Bims‚ \fn-\n°pw Znhm-I-c-\p-an-S-bnse kvt\l-Øn-\n-√m-Xn-√. kv{Xobmb \fn-\n°v ]pcp-j-\mb Znhm-Ic - \ - n¬ A\p-cmKw P\n-®X - ns‚ ]n∂nse t{]cI i‡n

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bmYm¿∞y-Øns‚ temIw Ft∂ Ah-km-\n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. F√mw ]pdw-tam-Sn-bn¬ HXp-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. a\p-jy-a-\- ns‚ apJw-aqSn NnI-™p-am-‰n-bm¬ F√mw iq\y-am-Wv. bYm¿∞ kvt\lw C∂v A]q¿Δw am{Xw. C∂v Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_-an-√. `mcym-`¿Øm-°≥am¿ BZyta Xocp-am-\n°pw X߃°v Ht∂m ct≠m Ip´n-Iƒ aXn-sb-∂v. AXp-t]mse IeymWw Ign-°p-tºm-tg°v hoSv amdm-\p≈ Hcp-°-ßfpw XpS-ßpw. cXn-t_m[w Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°ns√? kv{Xosb ]pcp-j-t\mSpw ]pcp-j-s\ kv{XotbmSpw _‘n-∏n-°p∂ {]Y-a-L-SIw Cu cXn-t_m-[-a-√msX as‰¥v? tIhe kulm¿±-Øns‚ XeØn-ep≈ ]c-kv]c _‘hpw kvt\l-Øn-e-[n-jvTn-X-am-bncn-°mw. lrZ-bß - f - psS Hcp-at- bmfw AXv hf-cp-Ibpw sNømw. ]s£, AØ-c-samcp _‘-Ønse ]¶m-fn-Iƒ kv{Xobpw ]pcp-j-\p-am-bn-cn-°¬ \n¿_-‘-an-√. AXv ]pcp-j\pw ]pcpj\pw XΩn-tem kv{Xobpw kv{Xobpw XΩntem D≈ Bfl_-‘-am-bm¬ aXn. kXo¿∞y¿°n-S-bnse _‘-Øn¬ ImWp∂ Bflm¿∞X Hc-`n-\b - tam {]I-S\ - tam Bhn-√t- √m. GXv Xe-Øn-em-bmepw kvt\lw Bfl-kv]¿in-bmb Hcp sshIm-cnI _‘w Xs∂. AXn-\m¬ G‰hpw hne-a-Xn-°s∏-Sp-∂Xpw G‰hpw D]-cn-bm-bn-´p-≈X - p-amb _‘w kvt\lØn-s‚-Xp-Xs - ∂. kq^n-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ Gsd {]Nm-ca - p≈ Hcp IY Cß-s\: kpμ-cnbpw Ipeo-\bpw k¿Δ-Kp-Wk - º - ∂ - b - p-amb Hcp s]¨Ip-´n°v hnhm-l{- ]m-bs - a-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ Ahsf IeymWw Ign-°m≥ Db¿∂ IpSpw-_ß - f - n¬ \n∂p≈ aq∂v bphm-°ƒ cwK-Øp-h-∂p. aq∂p-t]cpw Htc-t]mse Ahƒ°p tNcp-∂h-cm-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Ah-fpsS ]nXmhv X\n-°p-]-‰nb hcs\ Iq´-Øn¬ \n∂hƒ Xs∂-bßv sXc-s™-Sp-°s - ´-sb∂v h®p. amk-߃ Ign-™n´pw Ahƒs°mcp Xocp-am-\-Øn-se-Øm\m-bn-√. Aß-s\-bn-cns° Ahƒ tcmKn-Wn-bmbn InS-∂p. F¥p sNbvXn´pw tcmKw amdn-°n-´n-bn-√. HSp-hn¬ Ahƒ acWw {]m]n-®p. s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS acWw hnhm-lm-`y¿∞-\-bp-ambn h∂ aq∂p-t]-scbpw hnj-Æ-cm-°n. Ah-fpsS tZlw ad-hpsNbvX tijw Iq´-Øn-sem-cmƒ k\ymkw kzoI-cn®v \mSphn-´p. as‰m-cmƒ Ah-fpsS hr≤-\mb ]nXm-hns\ ip{iq-jn°m≥ Xøm-dm-bn At±-lØ - n-s‚-bS- p-°¬ ]m¿Øp. aq∂ma≥ sNbvXXv Ah-fpsS ih-Ip-So-c-Øn\p kao-]-Øp-Xs∂ ]m¿°p-Ib - m-Wv. k\ym-kn-bm-bn-t∏mb Bƒ Hcp a{¥-hm-Zn-bpsS ho´n¬ AXn-Yn-bmbn FØm-\n-S-bm-bn. a{¥-hm-Znbpw AXn-Ynbpw `£Ww Ign-°m-\n-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ a{¥-hm-Zn-bpsS t]c°p´n `b-¶c - a - mb Ic-®n¬. Ic-®n-eS- ∏ - n-°m≥ F¥p-sN-bX v n´pw Ign-™n√. a{¥-hmZn £a-sI´v Ip´nsb ]nSn®v Xobn-se-dn™p. AXn-Yn°p ]s£ AXp-I-≠n´v kln-h-∂n-√. ""\nßsf-s¥mcp ZpjvS≥! At\Iw ZpjvS≥amsc Rm≥ I≠n-´p-≠v. ]s£ Cß-s\bpw Hcmtfm?'' Abm-ƒ K¿Pn-®p. ""hnh-ct- °Sv ]d-bmsX'' F∂p ]d™p-sIm≠v a{¥-hmZn Xs‚ am{¥nIh-Sn hoin Hcp a{¥w sNm√n-b-tXmsS Ip´n A·n-bn¬ \n∂v ]p©n-cn-®p-sIm≠v FWo-‰p-h-∂p. CXp-I≠ \ΩpsS

k\ymknbphmhv Abm-fn¬ \n∂v B a{¥w ]Tn®v am{¥nI hSnbpw hmßn acn-®p-t]mb Imap-In-bpsS ivaim-\-Øn-\-SptØ°v ]m™p. Abmƒ a{¥w {]tbm-Kn®v hSn ih-Ip-So-cØn\p t\sc hoin-b-t∏mƒ s]¨Ip´n Fgp-t∂-‰p-h-∂p. ]nXmhv Atß-b‰w kt¥m-jt- ØmsS Xs‚ ]p{Xnsb kzoI-cn-®n-cp-Øn-bt- ∏m-tg°pw aq∂p-bp-hm-°fpw Ahsf `mcybmbn In´m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-hm-Z-hp-am-sb-Øn. ]nXmhv Imcyw Ah-fpsS lnX-Øn\p hn´p-sIm-SpØp. aq∂p-t]cpw izmk-a-S°n-∏n-Sn-®p-sIm≠v Ah-fpsS Xocp-am-\Ø - n-\mbn ImtXm¿Øv \n∂-t∏mƒ Ah-fpsS {]Xn-Ic - Ww Cß-s\-bm-bn-cp-∂p. "Fs∂ c≠m-aXv Pohn-X-Øn-te°v Xncn-®p-sIm-≠p-h∂ bphm-hns‚ [oc-Xsb Rm≥ {]Io¿Øn-°p-∂p. Fs‚ ]nXm-hns\ ip{iqjn-®-bmƒ°v Hcp \√ ]p{X-\m-bn-cn-°m-\p≈ F√m -tbm-KyX-bp-ap-≠.v F∂m¬ Fs‚ ih-Ip-Socw hn´p-t]m-Im≥ Hcmƒ°v Ign-bm-Xn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n¬ AsX-t∂m-Sp≈ kvt\lw-sIm-≠t√? Fs∂ kvt\ln-®-bm-sf-bt√ Rm≥ hnhmlw Ign-t°-≠-Xv. AXp-sIm≠v Rm\-hs\ hcn-°p-∂p'. kvt\l-amWv a\- n-s‚bpw Bflm-hn-s‚bpw Bgß-fn-te°p ]S¿∂p-Ib - d - m≥ Ign-bp∂ i‡n-sb∂ ]mT-amWv C°-Y-bn-eqsS ]I¿∂p In´p-∂-Xv. ]s£ Hcp s]¨Ip-´nbpsS kuμ-cy-Ønepw IpSpw-_-a-ln-a-bnepw BIr-jvS-cmbn Ahsf hnhmlw Ign-°m-\m-{K-ln®ph∂ GXm\pw bphm°-fpsS a\- nse kvt\l-am-Wn-Xv. CXn-t\-°mfpw hnim-eamb Ht´sd Xe-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw Xc-ß-fn-eq-sSbpw IS-∂p-sN√p-∂Xpw Ahn-Sß - f - n¬ IpSn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xpw kzm[o\w sNepØp-∂-Xp-amb Hcp i‡n-hn-ti-j-am-Ip∂p kvt\lw. Iq´pIp-Spw-_-k-{º-Zmbw \ne-\n-∂n-cp∂ ImeØv Fs¥mcp kvt\l-amWv Hmtcm ho´nepw Ifn-bm-Sn-bn-cp-∂Xv! Ifnbpw Nncnbpw Xam-i-bp-ambn IpSpw-_-Ønse AwK-ßfpw hncp∂p-Im-cm-sb-Øp-∂h - cpw IqSn-°g- n™ B Zn\-cm-{X-߃ C\n Fßs\ Xncn-®p-h-cm-\m-Wv. tPmenbpw Ifnbpw `£-Whpw hn{i-a-hp-sa√mw Hcpan-®m-bn-cp-∂p Iq´p-Ip-Spw_ hyh-ÿb - n¬. CS-s°ms° sNdnb ]nW-°-ßfpw ImWpw. AXn-ep-ap-≠m-bn-cn°pw Hcp ckw. A∂v `£-W-Ønepw kvt\l-Ønepw amb-an-√. C∂n-t∏mƒ c≠nepw ambw Ie-cp-I-bm-Wv; Ie¿Ø-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wv. cm{Xn F√m-hcpw Hcp-an®p InS-°p-tºmƒ F¥p-c-kw. IY-Iƒ ]d™pw Ipkr-Xn-Iƒ Im´nbpw t\cw Iptd-bßv t]m°pw. ]I-em-sW-¶n¬ Ifn-°m≥ Iq´p-Imcpw Ab¬]-°-Øp-≈hcpw. kvIqƒ Ah-[n-If - n¬ _‘p-Kr-lØ - n-te-°p≈ hncp∂v Hcp {Xn√v Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°pw. C∂m kt¥m-jP - o-hn-Xs - a√mw Fhn-sS-t∏mbn? B[p\nI kaqlw \ap-°-sX√mw \ntj-[n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. C∂sØ

71


Iºyq-´¿ bpK-Øn¬ kvt\lw shdpw \mSyw am{X-am-Wv. bmYm¿∞y-Øns‚ temIw Ft∂ Ah-km-\n-®n-cn-°p-∂p. F√mw ]pdw-tam-Sn-bn¬ HXp-ßn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. a\p-jy-a\ -   - ns‚ apJw-aqSn NnI-™p-am-‰n-bm¬ F√mw iq\y-am-Wv. bYm¿∞ kvt\lw C∂v A]q¿Δw am{Xw. C∂v Iq´p-Ip-Spw-_a - n-√. `mcym`¿Øm-°≥am¿ BZyta Xocp-am-\n°pw X߃°v Ht∂m ct≠m Ip´n-Iƒ aXn-sb-∂v. AXp-t]mse IeymWw Ign-°ptºm-tg°v hoSv amdm-\p≈ Hcp-°-ßfpw XpS-ßpw. AhnsS Ah¿°p-≠m-Ip∂ Ip´n-Iƒ kvt\l-Øns‚ hne-sb-s¥-∂dn-bp-∂n-√. Ah¿°-X-dn-bm-\p≈ Ah-k-c-an-√. amXm-]n-Xm°ƒ tPmen-°m¿. Ah¿°v Ip´n-Isf kvt\ln-°m\pw emfn°m\pw ka-b-an-√. Ip´n-Iƒ Cw•ojv aoUn-b-Øns‚ N´-°qSn¬ HXp-ßn-°g - n-bp-∂h - ¿. sXm´-b¬]-°sØ ka-{]m-b° - mcmb Ip´n-Is - f-t∏mepw Ch¿°v ]cn-Nb - a - n-√. Ab¬]-°sØ Ip´n-If - p-ambn Iq´p-Iq-Sc - p-sX∂pw AXp tami-am-sW∂pw amXm]n-Xm-°-fpsS I¬]-\-Iƒ. kz¥w hoSv, kvIqƒ, ]Tn∏v CXmW-h-cpsS temIw. kvt\l-sas¥∂v Ah¿°-dn-bm≥ Ahk-ca - n-√. Ah¿°v Iq´p-Iq-Sm≥ IpSpw-_ß - ƒ A[n-Ia - n-√. F√mhcpw AWp-Ip-Spw-_ß - ƒ. Ah-[n-°m-eØv _‘p-ho-Sp-If - n¬ hncp-∂n-\p-t]m-Im≥ t]mepw amXm-]n-Xm-°-fpsS A\p-hm-Z-an√. AX-h-cpsS A¥- ns\ _m[n-°p-sa-∂m-W-h-cp-sS \ne]m-Sv. kvt\l-Øns‚ hne-b-dn-bmØ Cu Ip´n-I-fmWv `mhnbn¬ temI-Øn\v Xe-th-Z-\-bmbn amdp-∂-Xv. kvt\l-an-√mbva a\p-jys\ {`m¥-\m-°pw. am\-knI-ambpw imco-cn-Ia - mbpw kvt\lw a\p-jy-\n¬ hf-sc-b[ - nIw kzm[o\w sNep-Øp-∂p-≠v. kvt\l-Øns‚ A]m-IX Ahs\ hgn-sX-‰n-°pw. Hcp hy‡n°v Xs‚ amXm-]n-Xm-°fn¬ \n∂pw a‰pw Ah-\¿ln-°p∂ kvt\lw e`n-°msX hcp-tºm-gmWv an°-t∏mgpw Ah≥ el-cn-°-Sn-a-bm-Ip-∂Xpw A{I-a-߃ sNøp∂-Xpw. Hcp hy‡nsb Ahs‚ ]q¿Æ-Xbn-te-s°-Øn-°p-∂Xv kvt\lamWv. Cu temIw \ne-\n¬°p∂Xpw Cu kvt\lw sIm≠pXs∂. AXp-t]mse C∂v \mw tIƒ°p-Ibpw A\p-`-hn-°p-Ibpw sNbvXpsIm≠ncn-°p∂ F√m A{I-aß - ƒ°pw XI¿®-Iƒ°pw F√mw ImcWw a\pjy¿ XΩn-ep-≈ kvt\l-°p-d-hm-Wv. kzm¿∞-X-°mWv a\pjy-\n∂v Du∂¬ \¬Ip-∂-Xv. a‰p-≈-h-cpsS Ah-ÿ-Iƒ a\- n-em-°m\pw a\p-jy¿ ka-∑m-cm-sW-∂p≈ kXyw Dƒ s°m-≈m\pw B[p-\nI a\p-jy\v km[n-°p-∂n-√. Xm≥ k©-cn-°p∂ tdmUn¬ Hc]mbw I≠m¬ AhnsS ac-WtØmSv a√-Sn-°p∂ Pohs\ c£n-°m-\√ Ah≥ {ian-°p-∂-

Xv. adn®v Iøn¬ Iyma-d-Iq-Sn-bp-s≠-¶n¬ B Zriyw AXn¬ ]I¿Øn ]{X-Øn¬ sImSpØv ASn-bn¬ Xs‚ t]cv tN¿Øv {]ikvXn t\Sm-\m-W.v a‰p- ≈ - h ¿°v B Pohs\ c£- s ∏- S psXm´-b¬]Øm≥ {ian- ® m¬ °sØ ka- { ]m- b AXns‚ tIkpw tImS-Xn-bp-ambn `mhn °m-cmb Ip´n-I-sf\jvS-s∏-Sptam F∂ t∏mepw Ch¿°v ]cn`bw. F√m- h cpw kzm¿∞ em`-Øn\v N-b-an-√. Ab¬]-° th≠n HmSp- ∂ - h ¿. sØ Ip´n-I-fp-ambn ChnsS kl- P ohn kvt\lw Fhn-sS-t∏m Iq´p-Iq-S-cp-sX∂pw bn? temIw C∂v AXp tami- a m- s W Zn\w- { ]Xn ]ptcm- K an®psIm-≠n-cn-°p-I∂pw amXm-]n-Xm-°bm-Wv. AXp-]s£ fpsS I¬]-\-Iƒ. a\p- j ys‚ A[:- ] X\w IqSn- b m- W v. kz¥w hoSv, kvIqƒ, kzm¿∞em`- Ø n\v ]Tn∏v CXm-W-h-cpsS th≠n-bp≈ [rXn-°nS-bn¬ a\p-jy≥ kz temIw. kv t \l- s a ¥-_-‘-ß-sf-°qSn s¥∂v Ah¿°- d nXncn- ® - d n- b p- ∂ n- √ . ]nXm-hns‚ kzØn\v bm≥ Ah- k - c - a n- √ . th≠n- kz¥w k Ah¿°v Iq´p- I qtlm- Z - c s\ sIm√m \pw aSn-°mØ {`m¥Sm≥ IpSpw- _ - ß ƒ \m- h p- I - b m- W h≥. A[n- I - a n- √ . F√mkz¥w kpJ-Øn\p th≠n amXm-]n-Xm-°hcpw AWp-Ip-Spw-_sf-t∏mepw hr≤-k-Z߃. \- Ø n- e m- ° p- ∂ hsc \mw Zn\w-{]Xn ImWpIbpw tIƒ°p-Ibpw sNøp∂p. Xs‚ ]q¿Æm-tcm-Ky-Øn\pw \ne-\n¬∏n\pw bYm ¿∞ Imc-W-°m-cmb B amXm]nXm°-fpsS alna Xncn-®-dnbm-\p≈ Ignhv Ah-\n∂v \jvS-s∏-´n-cn-°p-∂p.

F¥n\p ]cn-h¿Ø-\ao temIw Cß-s\-Øs - ∂-sb{X at\m-lcw! \h-tem-IØ - n-\m-bm¿°pw Iq´-tc, h\-tem-IsØ \in-∏nt®m ]ptcm-KXn ?

64

72


\otf \nc∂p \n¬°p-∂n-sX≥ apºn¬ \oßm≥ Ign-bmsX \nd-߃ ]te-hn[w. ]®-bpw, \oe-bpw, a™-bpw, Nph-∏pw, ]p—-am-sW-∂m-se-\n-°h - t- bm-sSm-s°-bpw. kz]v\-Øn-em-sW≥ Icp-Øm¿∂ Im¬]m-Z-߃ kz¿§-tem-I-tØmfw \ofp-s∂≥ kz]v\-߃ A£-c-ap-‰Øp \n∂p ]Tn-®-Xm-Wn-h≥ e£-W-samØ kz]v\-߃ ImWp-hm≥. lcnXw hnX-s®mco `qan t]msctbm kz]v\˛ `cn-X-am-°p-hm-s\∂pw a\p-jy-a-\- ns\? a\- n-s\-Øm-\mIpw kz]v\-temIw ]s£, acp-hn-ep-s≈mcp ]®-bmbv ]cn-W-an-®o-Sp-∂p. "Bi'-X≥ Ifn-h-©n-bn-tedn®ne¿ shdpw \ncmi I≠p-a-S-ßm≥ Zo¿L-bm{X sNbvXn-Sp-∂p. F¥p sNbvXnSmw sX∂-em-sW-ßp-a-Xn≥ KXn-bn¬ s\m¥p Nm©m-SnSpw ]p¬\m-ºt√m a\pjyam-\-kw.

Bcv {]XnjvT ? Ppss\Zv Fw. c≠mw h¿j _n.-F. tkmtjym-fPn

Nm©m´w lk≥ _k-cn Fw. c≠mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv

D’-h-Øn≥ Xncp-hm-S-b-Wn˛ ™pƒØ-SØ - n¬ {]W-bh - p-ambv Xncp-thm-W\ - m-fn¬ \ns∂˛ bcp-hn-°-c-bn¬ Rm≥ I≠ t\cw cmhv ]pe-cn-bn¬ ebn®t]m¬, cm[ am[-h-\n-e-en™t]m¬ Hcp-an®p \man-cp-h-cp-a∂v Ccp-sa-bvI-fn-semcp a\- m-bn. Nμ-\-°p-dn-bn-´o-d-\p-SpØ \o aμw aμw hW-ßn-b-cn-In¬ sXmgp-ssI-tbmsS Xqsam-gn-sNm√n sXmSmsX \n∂p-t]m-bß - s\. tZh-{]o-Xn-°mbv {]Xn-jvTbv°p apºn¬ tZlw ad-∂p \n¬°pw ]qPm-cn-Wn-sb-t∏m¬. {]W-b-Øn≥ \n¿Qcw \n∂n¬ \n∂p {]h-ln-s®-∂n-se-Øn-b-X-dn-™p Rm≥ Bº¬t]m¬ Xfn¿Øp \n∂ \ns∂ B]m-Z-NqVw Z¿in®p Rm≥ ]cn-cw-`-W-Øn-\-\p-Iq-e-ambv ]cn-e-kn®p ]cn-k-c-sa-∂m¬ ]hnt{X \n≥ ]cn-ip-≤n-b-sXm-∂m¬ ]¶-s∏-´n√ \ΩpsS am\-k-߃. Benw-K-\-Øn-se-Øn-b-Xn√ \mw eoem-hn-em-k-cpNn I≠-Xp-an-√. ip≤n ImsØm-cp-Øa ]uc \o kn≤-bmbv amdn s]¨Xcn \o C\n tNmZn-®n-S-s´-bn-°-Y-bn˛ emcv {]Xn-jvT-bmcv ]qPmcn ?

73


ap_-»nd _ntImw. c≠mw h¿jw

"Z Snb¿ Hm^v F aZ¿' Dd- ° - Ø n¬ \ns∂- g p- t ∂‰ Be-ky-Øn-emWv tacn enhnwKv dqante°v h∂-Xv. s]s´∂v ]in-a-bp≈ Ft¥m H∂v Imen¬ H´n- ∏ n- S n® t]mse Ahƒ°v A\p- ` - h - s ∏- ´ p. Ahƒ Imen¬ sXm´p-t\m-°n. Hm. H∂p-an√, C∂se cm{Xn s]bn‚nwKv sNbvXt- ∏mƒ Xd-bn¬ hoW s]bn‚m. ]s£ Ct∏mgpw AXn\v c‡-Øns‚ ]in-ab - p-≈X - p-t]mse tXm∂n. At∏mgmWv ]q¿Øn-bm-°mØ s]bn‚nwKv Hm¿Ω h∂-Xv. Ahƒ Iym≥hm-kn-\cn-In-te°v h∂p. "{Iqin-X\ - mb tbip' Ahn-SpsØ ico-c-Øn¬ \ns∂m-gp°p∂ c‡w Xd-bnse NnX-dn-°n-S°p∂ h¿Æ-ß-fp-ambn IqSn-t®¿∂t]mse. B h¿Æ-߃ Iym≥hm-kn¬ tN¿∂v Poh-\p-≈-hsb hm¿sØ-Sp°m≥ shºp- ∂ - p - . Bƒ°q- ´ - Ø n¬ \n∂v X\n-®m-b-h-sc-t∏mse \nd-߃ Ahsf Zb-\o-b-ambn t\m°n. "SvdvWow SvdvWow' tImfnwKv s_¬ apgßn. "Bcm-Wmthm C{X cmhnse?' Ahƒ BImw-£m-`c - n-Xb - m-bn hmXn¬ Xpd-∂p. Hc-]-cn-NnX apJw. ImgvN-bn¬ ]Xns\t´m ]sØm-ºtXm hb v tXm∂n°p∂ Hcp s]¨Ip-´n. \njvIf - ¶ - a - mb apJw. s\≥a-Wn-bpsS \ndw. Zb-\o-bX Ah-fpsS apJØv {]I-S-am-bn-cp-∂p. Ahƒ Nncn-®p. B Nncn-bn¬ \o≠p\n-h¿∂p InS-°p∂ Ah-fpsS apSnbpw ]¶p-tN¿∂p. AXv \njvI-f-¶-amb {Kmao- W - X - b psS {]Xo- I - a mbn B s]¨Ip-´nsb tXm∂n-®p. "tN®o, Fs‚ t]cv AΩp. ASpØ ho´n¬ ]pXp-Xmbn Xma-kn°m≥ h∂Xm'.

66

74

tacn°v Ip‰-t_m[w tXm∂n. ho´n¬ h∂ AXn-Yn-tbmSv Xm≥ Ibdn-bn-cn-°m≥t]mepw ]d-™n-√. "Hm tkmdn AΩq. Ib-dn-bn-cn°q. ]pXnb Xma-k-°mcn h∂q∂v A®m-b≥ ]d-™p. ]cn-N-b-s∏-S-Wsa∂v Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Rm≥ Nmb-sb-Sp°mw'. tacn c≠p I∏v Nmb-bp-ambn h∂p. jpK¿ Cf-°n-s°m≠v AΩp ]d™p: "t\csØ Xs∂ ]cn-Nb - s - ∏Sm-sa∂v Icp-Xn. AXp-sIm≠m cmhnse Xs∂ h∂Xv'. t{S ASp-°f - b - n¬ sh®n´v tacn Xncn-®p-h-∂p. "A√ ]p≈n FhnsS?' "C∂ se cm{Xn sshInbm h∂-Xv. AXpsIm≠v DW¿∂n-´n√'.


"]p≈n-tbmSv Rm≥ h∂n-cq∂q∂v ]d-b-Ww. F∂m Rm≥ t]ms´ tN®o'. Ct∏mƒ AΩp ]´-W-hp-ambn Iptd-tbsd s]mcp-Ø-s∏´pIgn-™n-cn°p-∂p. Po≥kpw tSm∏p-an-´v, _yq´n ]m¿e-dn¬ \n∂v slb¿I´v sNbvXn´mWv Ahƒ Hm^o-kn¬ t]mhm-dv. kplr-Øp-°-fpsS \n¿_-‘-Øn\v hgßn Hcp em]vtSm]v hmßn-bn-´p-≠v. tacn-bpsS ho´n-te-°p≈ hchv Ahƒ Zn\-Ncyt]mse \S-Øn-t∏m-∂p. tacnsb ImWp-tºmƒ, ASp-Øp-≠m-Iptºmƒ, AΩ-sbt∏msetbm IqsS-∏nd∂ tN®n-sb-t∏m-setbm A\p-`h - s - ∏´p. ]s£ F∂n´pw tN®n Xt∂mSv tNmZn® Hcp tNmZy- Ø n\v am{Xw DØcw \¬Im≥ X\n°v Ign-™n-√. Xs‚ apJsØ Zo\-X-bpsS Imc-Ww. Hcn-°¬ tN®n AXv tNmZn-®-t∏mƒ sshIm-cnI kwL¿jw ImcWw Xm≥ Cd-ßn-t∏m-Ip-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. Cu hnImc-Øn\p ]n∂n¬ tN®n-tbm-Sp≈ Fs‚ Af-°m≥ Ign-bmØ kvt\l-am-hmw. AXn¬ ]ns∂ tN®n Xt∂mSv kwkmcn-°p-tºmƒ {i≤-tbm-sS-bmWv hm°pIƒ D]-tbm-Kn-®n-cp-∂X - .v tN®n Ahsf B¿Sv Kyme-dn-I-fn-te°pw ]≈n-bnte°pw sIm≠p-t]m-Im-dp-≠v. ]Xn-hpt]mse Hcp Znhkw AΩp tacn-bpsS ho´n-te°v Ib-dn-s®-∂p. Hcp- Im≥hm- k n\v ]pdØv XpWn-bn´p aqSn-bn-cp-∂p. tN®n AhnsS C√. Ahƒ XpWn ]Xps° FSp-Øpam-‰n. s]s´∂v Ahƒ HcSn ]nt∂m´v amdn. Hcp Ip™v. AXv Nncn-°p-IbmtWm Ic-bp-I-bmtWm F∂v AhfpsS t\{X-߃°v Adn-bm≥ Ign-bp∂n-√. ]s£ H∂-dn-bmw. AXn\v Poh\p-≠v. Cu Ip™ns‚ apJw X\n°v ]cn-N-b-ap-≈-Xp-t]mse. Ahƒ a{¥n®p. "sbkv, sF t\m lnw' At∏m-gmWv AXn\v apI-fnse Xe-s°´v I≠-Xv. "Z Snb¿ Hm^v F aZ¿'. "Abmw jph¿, tacn tN®n, PÃv sseIv tacn-tN®n'. IÆocv hoWv \\™ B Ip™ns‚ Nn{X-Øn¬ kv]¿in-®-

t∏mƒ ag- \-\™ tdmkm-∏q-hn-Xf - ns‚ arZp-eX tXm∂n AΩp-hn-\v. a\- nset¥m Adn-bmØ thZ-\. Ahƒ Xncn-™p-\n-∂p. sR´nt∏m-bn. tacn-tN-®n. tN®n-bpsS apJw, Ccsb ISn®p Iodm≥ \n¬°p∂ knwl-sØ-t∏mse `b-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂p. "tN®o...-Rm.....≥!' "Gbv th≠m, \o... \o F¥n\m ChnsS h∂-Xv. As√-¶nepw \o Fs‚ Bcm, Cd-ßn-t∏m-Ip-∂pt≠m apºo∂v!' "sF tl‰v bq; πokv bp tKm {^w lnb¿'. tacn s]m´n-sØ-dn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p. Ahƒ dqan¬ Ibdn hmXn-e-S-®p. Hcp-]mSv kabw Ign-™v, -a\- nse `mcw Ipd-™-t∏mƒ hmXn¬ Xpd-∂p. AΩp-hns\ I≠n-√. ho´ns‚ ]pdtØ°p h∂p-t\m-°n. AΩp-hns‚ hoSv ]q´n-bn-cn-°p-∂p. Ah-fpsS a\ v Ahsf Xs∂ Ip‰-s∏-Sp-Øn. AΩp \ns‚ tamsf-t∏m-se-bt√? GIm-¥a - mb Pohn-XØ - n¬ kvt\ ln-°m≥ \n\°v h¿Æ-߃ am{X-tabp≠m-bn-cp-∂p-≈q. Ct∏mƒ AΩp-hpap-≠v. Ah-tfmSv Cßs\ s]cp-amtd≠n-bn-cp-∂n√. "sF Xn¶v bp B¿ F {Iqh¬ tacn'. "lm¿´vse -v, lm¿´vse -v'. Hcm-bncw Aºp-Iƒ lrZ-bØn¬ h∂v Xd- ° p∂Xpt]mse tacn°v tXm∂n. "lm¿´vse v'. ]n∂oSv AΩp h∂n-√. Hmtcm Znh-k-߃°pw ssZ¿Lyw IqSn-bXpt]mse tacn°v tXm∂n. ]®-°dn hmßn hcp-tºm-gmWv I≠-Xv, AΩphns‚ hoSv Xpd-∂n-´n-cn-°p-∂p. Hcp XWpØ Im‰v tacnsb Xtem-Sn. "am∏v ]d-bW - w, Fs‚ tamtfmSv F\n°v am∏v ]d-bWw'. Ahsf hnfn-°m-sX, i_vZ-ap≠m-°msX sN√mw. Ahƒ°v Hcp k¿ss{]kv Bbn-t°m-s´. tacn sN∂- t ∏mƒ Ahƒ em]vtSm∏v Xpd-∂p sh®n-cn-°p-Ib - m-bncp- ∂ p. AΩp Hcp {]tXyI sh_vssk‰v hnkn‰v sNøp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p. F¥m-Wn-Xv? "ssa tKmUv, AΩq \o... \n\

°v tN®n-tbmSv ]d-bm-am-bn-cp-∂n-t√. BtcmSpw ]d-bmsX C{Xbpw Imew F¥n\m tamtf...' hnd- b m¿∂ i_v Z - t ØmsS AΩp ]d-™p: "tN®o, F√m- h cpw Fs∂ shdp-°p-I-bm, Btcm-SmWv Rm≥ ]dbp-∂Xv'. Ft∂- ° mƒ henb Zp:Jw kln-°p∂ tN®n-tbm-tSm. F\n-°m-cpan√ tN®o, Bcpw C√, Abmw. Hm¿^≥, Abmw F Hm... "t\m' tacn Ah-fpsS hmbs]mØn. "C√, \o A\m- Y - b - √ . \o Fs‚ tamfm-Wv'. tacn Ah-sf Xtem-Sn, Hc-ΩbpsS kv t \lw A\p- ` - h n- ° p∂ sIm®p-Ip-™n-s\-t∏mse AΩp tacnbpsS aSn-bn¬ Xe-Nm-bv®p. tacn-bpsS IÆn¬ \n∂pw IÆp-\o¿ Xp≈n-Iƒ AΩp-hns‚ Ihn-fn¬ ]Xn-®p. Ahƒ hnfn-®p: "AtΩ'. henb Hcp sI´n- S - Ø ns‚ apºn¬ Ah¿ h∂p\n-∂p. tUmIvS¿ amcpw \gvkp-amcpw tcmKn-Ifpw F√mw Atßm-´p-an-tßm´pw \S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂p. Hmtcm tcmKn-bpsS apJØpw {]k-∂X-bpsS t\cnb shfn®w AΩp-hn\v tXm∂n. Iu≠-dn-en-cn-°p∂ kv{Xo t^m¨ sNhn-bn¬ sh®v ]d™p: "sbkv , doP- W ¬ Im≥k¿ sk‚¿'. Bip-]-{Xn-bpsS Pme-I-ØneqsS t\m°p- t ºmƒ tacnbpw AΩphpw I≠p. ]pe- c nsb hcth¬°p∂ ]q°ƒ. Ah-bn¬ a[p-\pI- c m≥ FØp∂ Nn{X- i - e - ` - ß fpw h≠p-If - pw. Xm\pw Hcp ]qhm-Wv. hcm-\ncn- ° p∂ Pohn- X sØ Xm\pw hcth¬t°-≠-Xp-≠v. hncp-∂p-Im¿°v tX≥ \¬tI-≠X - p-≠v. ]p¬Ø- I n- S n- b n¬ {]Xo- £ bpsS ]pXp- \ m- º p- I ƒ apf- ° p- ∂ p. AΩp Nncn-®p. H∏w tacnbpw. Ah¿ ]Xps° ]d™p: "Ch Hcn- ° epw hmSm- X n- c n°s´'.

75


hntcm-[m-`mkw apkvenw hnizm-k-a-\p-k-cn®v {hX-am-k-°m-e-amb dakm-\n¬ sNIp-Øm≥am-sc√mw Nß-e-°n-S-s∏-Spw. F∂m¬ Nne a√≥ sNIp-Øm≥am¿ Nße s]m´n®v apkvenw `qcn-]£- Pn√-bmb ae-∏pdØns‚ ]e `mK-ß-fnepw Agn-™m-Snb-XmWv c≠m-bn-cØn ]Ønse da-km-\n¬ \mw I≠-Xv. AXns‚ ^e-am-bn-cp-∂t√m Xncq-cn-sebpw Ip‰n-∏p-d-sØbpw hmWn-bº - e - s - Øbpw aZy-Zp-c¥ - ß - ƒ. Fs¥mcp hntcm-[m-`mkw. da-km-\n¬ ]I¬ ka-bØv ]®-sh≈w t]mepw IpSn°p-∂Xv \njn-≤-ambn ImWp∂ apkvenw kap-Zm-b-Ønse Nne AwK-ßfpw Dƒs∏-´n-cp∂p A∂sØ sh≈-Sn Zpc-¥Øn¬. aZy-Zp-c-¥-Øns‚ hm¿Ø-sb-gp-Xnb ]{X-ß-sf√mw hnj-aZyw Ign-®n-´mWv Bfp-Iƒ acn-®-sX-∂mWv dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXn-cp-∂-Xv. AXn-\p-apºv aZy-Zp-c-¥-ap-≠mb L´-ß-fnse√mw Aßs\ Xs∂-bm-bn-cp∂p ]{X-io¿j-I-߃. C\nbpw aZy-Zp-c-¥-ß-fp-≠m-Ip-tºmƒ Aß-s\-X-s∂-bm-hpIbpw sNøpw. ]s£ aZyw Xs∂ hnj-amb ÿnXn°v hnjaZyw Fs∂-gp-Xp-∂-Xnse hntcm-[m-`m-k-sa-¥p-sIm-≠mWv B¿°pw a\- n-em-hm-Ø-sX-∂mthm? AtXm aZyw hnj-as√∂ A`n-{]m-b° - m-cmtWm ]{X-am-∏o-kn-en-cn-°p-∂h - ¿? hnjh-kvXp-°-fpsS Afhv IqSn-bm¬ IpSn-b≥ s]´∂v acn-°pw. km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ Ipd®p kmh-Imiw In´pw. c≠m-bmepw aZyw amc-I hnjw Xs∂. At∏mƒ hnj-aZyw Ign-®p-sh-∂Xv aZy-hnjw Ign-®p-a-cn-®p-sh-∂t√ Fgp-tX-≠Xv?. aZy-hnjw kzb-ta¬]n®v Poh≥ If-™-h-cp-sSbpw t_m[w If-™h - c - p-sSbpw IÆns‚ ImgvN If™h-cp-sSbpw IpSpw-_-߃°v k¿°m¿ hI \jvS-]-cn-lmcw \¬In-bXv hºn® XpI-I-fm-bn-cp-∂p. Fs¥mcp hntcm-[m-`mkw! I≈pIp-Sn®v NmIp-∂-h-cpsS ]n≥ap-d-°m¿°pw NmImsX ]cnt°msS _m°n-bm-b-h¿°pw Xß-fpsS \nIp-Xn-∏-W-Øn¬ \n∂v \jvS-]-cn-lmcw sImSp-°p-∂-Xns\ A\p-Iq-en-°p∂ F{X-t]-cp-≠m-Ipw tIc-f-Øn¬? P\-ln-X-Øn-s\-Xn-cm-bn-cn°ns√ Cu \jvS-]-cn-lmc hnX-cW Xocp-am-\w. \jvS-]-cnlmcw sImSp-°p-s∂-¶n¬ AXv aZy-ap-X-em-fn-am-cn¬ \n∂v

68

76

Ja-dp-±o≥ ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

aZyw Xs∂ hnj-amb ÿnXn°v hnj-aZyw Fs∂-gp-Xp-∂-Xnse hntcm[m-`m-ks- a-¥p-sIm-≠mWv B¿°pw a\- n-em-hm-Ø-sX-∂mthm? AtXm aZyw hnj- a - s √∂ A`n- { ]m- b - ° mcmtWm ]{X-am-∏o-kn-en-cn-°p-∂-h¿? hnj- h - k v X p- ° - f psS Afhv IqSnbm¬ IpSn-b≥ s]´∂v acn-°pw. km[m-c-W-K-Xn-bn¬ Ipd®p kmhImiw In´pw. c≠m-bmepw aZyw amcI hnjw Xs∂. At∏mƒ hnj-aZyw Ign-®p-sh-∂Xv aZy-hnjw Ign-®p-ac- n-®psh-∂t√ Fgp-tX-≠Xv?.


tIc-f-Øn¬ kºq¿Æ aZy-\n-tcm-[\w G¿s∏-Sp-Øp-sa∂v sXc-s™-Sp∏v thf-bn¬ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-I-sf-s°m≠v Ah-cpsS am\n-s^-tÃm-bn¬ Fgp-Xn-°m≥ aX-kw-L-S-\-Iƒ°p Ign-bpw. thm´p-t_-¶p-I-fmb aX-kw-L-S-\-Iƒ CØ-c-samcp \o°-Øn\p k∂-≤-am-Im-Øn-StØmfw Imew aZy-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb Ah-cpsS Hgp-°≥a-´n-ep≈ FXn¿∏p-Iƒ°v Bflm¿∞X t]mc F∂v a\- n-em-°p-∂-Xn¬ sX‰p-≠m-hn-√. hm°pw {]hr-Ønbpw HØp-t]m-Im-Xn-cn-°p-∂Xnse hntcm-[m-`m-k-am-Wn-hn-sSbpw \mw ImWp-∂-Xv. hmßn-bn-´m-hW - s - a-∂X - s√ icn. t`m∏m-ense hnj-hmbp Zpc¥-Øn¬ acn-®h - c - psS ]n≥ap-d° - m¿°pw acn-°msX sshIeyw h∂v Pohn-®n-cn-°p-∂-h¿°pw bqWn-b≥ Im¿ss_Uv Iº\n-°m¿ \jvS-]-cn-lmcw sImSp-°-W-sa-∂t√ \Ω-sfms° hmZn-°p-∂-Xv. tImS-Xnbpw AsX. hml-\-Zp-c-¥-ap-≠m-bm¬ hml-\-ap-X-em-fn-amcpw aZyZp-c¥ - a - p-≠m-bm¬ aZy-ap-Xe - m-fn-amcpw sXmgn¬im-eb - n¬ \n∂p Zpc-¥a - p-≠m-bm¬ sXmgn-epSabpw \jvS] - c - n-lmcw \¬Ip-∂Xt√ \ymbw? P\-ß-fpsS kzØv \n¿Ωm-W-]-c-ambn D]tbm-Kn-°p-∂-Xn-\p-]-Icw Zpcp-]-tbmKw sNøp∂ Cu G¿∏mSns\ A]-e-]n-°m≥ t]mepw Bcp-ap-≠m-bn√ F∂-XmWv Gsd hntcm-[m-`m-kw. `mhn-bn¬ Fs∂-¶nepw X߃°pw Hcp aZy-Zp-c-¥-Øn¬ s]tS≠ Ah-k-c-ap-≠m-tb-°m-sa∂p `b-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿ A\-tß-≠. ]s£ B `b-Øn\p Pohn-XØn¬ Hcn-°epw kμ¿`-ap-≠m-°m-Ø-h¿s°-¶nepw {]Xn-Icn-°m-am-bn-cp∂p; {]Xn-tj-[n-°m-am-bn-cp-∂p. aZy- ] m- \ m- k - ‡ n- s °Xn- c n¬ {]kw- K n- ° p- ∂ - h cpw Imws]-bn≥ \S-Øp-∂h - cpw t_m[-hX - I v c - W - hpw Iq´-∏m-®nepw kwL-Sn-∏n-°p-∂-hcpw s]cp-In-h-cn-I-bm-Wn-t∏mƒ \ΩpsS \m´n¬. {]tXy-In®v t\csØ kqNn-∏n® da-km≥ kw`-hØn\p tijw. F∂m¬ IpSn-b∑ - m-cpsS FÆtam AXpw s]cpIp-∂p. Ieym-Ww, D’-hw XpSßn BtLmj kμ¿`-ß-fnemWv CtX‰w s]mSn-s]m-Sn-°p-∂-Xv. s]cp-∂mfpw HmWhpw {Inkva  - p-sa√mw aX-]c - a - mb D’-hß - fpw BtLm-jß - fpamb-Xn-\m¬ AØcw L´-ß-fn¬ aZy-]n-®m-Sp-∂-Xns‚ HuNnXy-amWv Xosc ]nSn-In-´m-Ø-Xv. F√m aX-ßfpw aZy-]m-\Øn\pw aZy-\n¿Ωm-WØ - n\pw aZy-hn-]W - \ - Ø - n-\p-sa√mw FXncmb ÿnXn°v CXn-ßs\ kw`-hn-°p-∂Xv hntcm-[m-`mkw Xs∂. IpSn-°p-∂h - ≥ kaq-lØ - n¬ am\y-Xb - n-√m-Øh - \ - mbn KWn-°-s∏-´n-cp∂ Imew amdn. IpSn-°mØh≥ Iq´n-\p-sIm≈m-Ø-h-\mbn ap{Z-Ip-Ø-s∏-Sp∂ Ime-am-Wn-∂v. CXv h√msØmcp hntcm-[m-`mkw Xs∂. F∂m¬ AXn-ep-tasd hntcm[m-`m-k-as√ I≈p-jm-∏n¬ ImWp-∂-hs\ ]≈n-°p-≈nepw ImWp-∂-Xv. _p≤n-{`aw h∂m¬ ]Ww sNe-hm°n NnIn’n-°p-∂-h-cmWv a\p-jy¿. ImcWw Ah¿°p _p≤n-bpsS hnebpw {]tbm-P-\hpw Adn-bmw. F∂m¬ CtX a\p-jy¿ aZy-]n-®p-sIm-≠p-sN-øp-∂-sX-¥mWv? Ipd-®p-t\-c-tØ-s°¶nepw hnti-j-_p≤n A{]-Xy-£-am-Im≥ Imiv sNe-hm°p∂p. h√m-sØmcp hntcm-[m-`mkw Xs∂-bs√ CXv? 1967 hsc \ΩpsS tIcf kwÿm-\Øv aZy-\n-tcm[\w \ne-\n-∂n-cp-∂p. IpSn-°p-∂-h-cp-≠m-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw

IpSnbpw aZy-hm-‰p-sa√mw \nb-a-]-c-ambn hne-°-s∏-´-Xm-bn-cp∂p. F∂m¬ {]kvXpX h¿jw A∂sØ tIcf k¿°m¿ B \ntcm-[\w FSp-Øp-I-f-bp-I-bm-Wp-≠m-b-Xv. A∂m Kh¨sa‚n¬ Bsc√mw ]¶m-fn-If - m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v Nn¥n-°ptºm-gmWv hen-sbmcp hntcm-[m-`mkw \ΩpsS apºn¬ A\mhr-X-am-hp-I. C∂v aZy-]m-\-Øn-s\-Xn-cn¬ Iq´-tbm´w kwLSn-∏n-°p∂ \ne-hn-ep≈ Kh¨sa‚nse apJy I£n, "aZyw F√m Xn∑-bp-sSbpw Xmt°m'-em-sW∂v ]Tn-∏n® apl-ΩZv \_n (k) bpsS A\p-bm-bn-I-fpsS cmjv{Sob I£n-˛-Ch¿s°√mw {]map-Jy-ap-≈-Xmbn-cp∂p B Kh¨sa‚ v. CsXmcp hntcm-[m-`mkw Xs∂. Pt\m-]I - m-c{- ]-Za - mb \S-]S- nI-fp-ambn apt∂m-´p-t]m-Ip-sa-∂h - I - m-is - ∏-Sp∂ Kh¨sa‚p-Isf√mw XnI®pw P\-t{Zm-l-I-c-amb aZy-]m-\sØ t{]m’mln-∏n-°p-Ib - mWv sNøp-∂X - .v P\-ßf - psS aZy-]m-\m-k‡ - nsb NqjWw sNbvXv kmº-ØnI t\´-ap-≠m-°p-Ib - mWv Hcp `mKØv, adp-`m-KØv aZy-Øns‚ hn]-Øn-s\-°p-dn®v D¬t_m-[\w \S-Øp-I-bpw. CXv hntcm-[m-`m-k-a-√msX thsd-sb¥v? aZy-Øns‚ e`yX C√m-Xm-°p-Ib - mWv aZym-k‡ - n°v XS-bn-Sm-\p≈ hgn. AXv Kh¨sa‚n-s\-s°m-≠mWv km[n°p-I. AXn\v Kh¨sa‚ v k∂-≤-am-Ip-∂n-s√-¶n¬ AXn\¿∞w aZy-]m-\n-Isf hf¿Øp-∂Xv Kh¨sa‚m-sW-∂p-Xs∂-bm-Wv. \m´nse aX-kw-L-S-\-Iƒ°pw kmwkvIm-cnI kwL-S-\-Iƒ°p-sa√mw Kh¨sa‚ns\ CXn\v t{]cn-∏n-°p∂-Xn¬ ]¶p-hl - n-°m≥ Ign-bpw. ]s£ aX-kw-LS- \ - I - ƒ°pt]mepw Cu Xn∑-s°-Xn-cmbn i‡-ambn \ne-sIm-≈m-\m-hp∂n-√. tIc-f-Øn¬ kºq¿Æ aZy-\n-tcm-[\w G¿s∏-Sp-Øpsa∂v sXc-s™-Sp∏v thf-bn¬ cmjv{Sob ]m¿´n-Is - f-s°m≠v Ah-cpsS am\n-s^-tÃm-bn¬ Fgp-Xn-°m≥ aX-kw-L-S-\Iƒ°p Ign-bpw. thm´p-t_-¶p-If - mb aX-kw-LS- \ - I - ƒ CØc-samcp \o°-Øn\p k∂-≤-am-Im-Øn-S-tØmfw Imew aZyØn-s\-Xn-cmb Ah-cpsS Hgp-°≥a-´n-ep≈ FXn¿∏p-Iƒ°v Bflm¿∞X t]mc F∂v a\- n-em-°p-∂-Xn¬ sX‰p-≠m-hn√. hm°pw {]hr-Ønbpw HØp-t]m-Im-Xn-cn-°p-∂X - nse hntcm[m-`m-ka - m-Wn-hn-sSbpw \mw ImWp-∂X - v. aZy-]m-\n-sb t_m[-h-XvI-cn-°p-I-bmWp th≠-sX∂mWv F√m-h-cp-sSbpw hmZw. t_m[-h-XvI-cn-°W-sa-¶n¬ BZyw Ah\v aZyw In´m-Xm°Ww. t_m[w If-bm-\m-Wt√m aZy-]n-°p-∂-Xv. t_m[m-h-ÿ-bn-et√ t_m[-h-XvI-cWw \S°q. t_m[w \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øm-\mbn \S-°p-∂-hs\ Fßs\ t_m[-hX - I v c - n-°pw. Cßs\ hntcm-[m-`m-kß - ƒ \nd™ Hcp taJ-e-bm-bn-Øo-cp∂p aZy-]m-\-sØbpw AXns‚ \ntcm-[\ km[y-X-sbbpw kw_-‘n-°p∂ hnj-b-߃.

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ku`m-Kyw-sIm-≠mWo kulrZ kZ-\Ø - n¬ k‘n-°m-s\-Ønb˛ X¿l-b√ - m-Øn-hƒ. ]e-Xcw tXmgcpw tXmgn-amcpw tN¿∂p ]I-sbm-´p-an-√msX˛ bdn-hm¿Pn-°p-∂nSw. ]Sn-bn-dß - o-Sphm˛ \msbmco thf-bn¬ ]cn-tim-[n-°s´ Rm˛ s\≥ {]nb-k-Jn-Isf Imen¬ Nne-¶b˛ Wn™p-hc - m-dp≈ tNsemØ a¶bm˛ sW≥ kao-]ÿ b - mƒ. D≠ t]m¬ IÆp≈ c≠p t]cp-≠nßv c≠n-sem-cp-Øn°˛ ßp≠v Imhym-¶pcw. ^mj≥ ]tc-Un\p h∂-Xm-sW-∂ßp Nn¥n-°p-a-h-fpsS hc-hp-I-≠m¬ P\w. Im¿°q-¥¬ \o≠n´˛ Xm¿°pta Im´msX kuay-bmbv Ign-bpI˛ bmsWmcp tamln\n. ssII-fn¬ ssaem©n IÆntem I\-hp-Iƒ CXn¬ lcw sIm≠n´p aXn-ad - ° - p-s∂m-cmƒ

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78

IÆp-Iƒ Nn√n´p sIm≠p-ad - ® - mte ImWq-sh-∂p-≈h˛ fmWn-\n-bp-sam-cmƒ. k‘y-bm-sb-¶ne˛ ßmIs´ ]ncn-bphm˛ \mhn-s√-\n-s°∂p tIgp∂p thsdm-cmƒ. ]√n-\p-I-ºn-th˛ -en-sI´n `{Z-ambv h√msX kuμcyw Iq´p∂p as‰m-cmƒ. \mS-Øn-bmbv Pohn˛ °ps∂-¶nepw `mj tamtU-Wm-°o-Sp-hm≥ tamln-®n-Sp-s∂m-cmƒ F√m¿°pw Nncn-\¬In˛ bp√mkw sIm≈n°p˛ sa√mw ad-∏n®n˛ Spt∂mƒ Nncn-°pSw cmhp-t]m¬ ]I-enepw \n{Z-bn-em-sWm-cmƒ t]sc-t‚-sX-¶nepw t\cn-se≥ adp-hiw Cß-s\-tbm-tcmtcm Iq´p-Im¿ tN¿∂n´m˛ Wnßp Ign-®-sX≥ h¿j-{X-bß - ƒ Rm≥. C°q-´p-sI´n\n X´n-bg - n-°p-hm≥ hn´p-sIm-Sp-°n√ Hcp \mfn-ep-an-hƒ.

Fs‚ Iq´p-Im¿ ^ko-e sI. ss^\¬.-_n.-F.-Cw-•ojv


Hcp-√m-k-bm-{X-bnse kml-kn-IX

kmenw Pul¿ _n.-F-kv.kn. ^nknIvkv \memw ska-ÿ

As∂mcp sh≈n-bm-gN v b - m-bn-cp∂p. R߃ A©mƒkwLw ]Xn-hpt]mse C‚¿sh¬ ka-bØv sskzcambn HØp-Iq-Sm-dp≈ ¢mkns‚ kao]sØ s]s´∂v {i≤n-°s - ∏-SmØ aqebn¬ FØn. sXm´- S pØ Znhkw c≠mw-i\ - n-bm-bX - n-\m¬ Hcp-√m-kb - m{X πm≥ sNøm-sa-∂p-h® - p. {]IrXnca-Wobhpw Ncn-{X-{][m-\-hp-amb GsX-¶nep-samcp ÿe-tØ-°m-bn-cn-°Ww t]mIp-∂-Xv. Hcp ]I-en¬ bm{X XocpIbpw thWw. Rß-fpsS Iq´-Ønse kc-k-s\m-cp-Ø≥ Hcp ]{X-Øns‚ hmcm-¥y-∏-Xn∏v \nh¿Øn "CXm Cu ae-sbm∂p ImWm≥ t]mbmtem' F∂t\z- j n- ® p. Iq´- Ø n- e mcpw apºv ImWmØ ÿe-am-b-Xn-\m¬ F√mh¿°pw kzoIm-cy-am-bn. ae- ∏ p- d w- ˛ - t h- ß c dq´nse DucIw ae. AXn¬ aqhm-bn-c-Øntesd h¿jw ]g-°-ap-≈-Xmbn ]d-bs∏-Sp∂ Hc-ºe - Ø - ns‚ Ah-in-jvShpw Kth- j - I ¿°m¿°pw C∂p- h sc ]nSpØw In´mØ Hcp en]n-bn-ep≈ sImØp-]-Wn-bp-ap-≠v. U¬lnbn¬ \n∂mtcm h∂n´v en]n Xncn-®-dn-bm-\mhmsX AXns‚ kmºn-fp-ambn aS-ßp-

I-bm-Ws{X D≠m-bX - .v ]Tn-°m≥ tamiam-bn-cp-s∂-¶nepw Ncn-{Xm-t\z-jW - hpw s]mXp hn⁄m-\hpw sIm≠p {it≤b-\mb Rß-fpsS kc-k≥ Iq´p-Im-c\m-bn-cp∂p bm{X-bpsS am¿K-Z¿inbpw Xe-h-\p-sa-√mw. cmhnse IrXyw F´p-a-Wn°v F√m- h cpw ae- ∏ pdw Ip∂p- Ω - e n¬ FØp-Ibpw AhnsS \n∂v Hcpan®v bm{X XpS-ßp-Ibpw sNøp-Is - b-∂X - mbn-cp∂p Xocp-am-\w. Hcp s]mXn- tNmdv, Hcp Ip∏n sh≈w, Hcp tXm¿Øpap≠v ˛ C{X-am-{Xta Hcp-°ß - ƒ th≠nbn-cp-∂p-≈-q. CsX√mw ckw tN¿Øv Rß-fpsS ssKUv ]d-™p-Xo¿Ø-t∏mtg°v s_√-Sn®v Cw•ojv So®-¿ ¢mknseØn ]mT-sa-SpØv XpS-ßn-bn-cp-∂p. F√m-hc - p-sSbpw apJØv ]cn-{`-aw. H∂pIn¬ ¢mkn¬ IS-Øn-√, IS-Øp-I-bmsW-¶n¬ Ht∂m ct≠m Nqc¬]gw X∂n-´v. CXm-bn-cp∂p So®-dpsS \bw. Ah-km\w ¢mkn¬ Ib-dm-sa-∂p-d® - p. F√m- h ¿°pw In´n Cuc- s ≠- Æ w. ]s£ Rß-fpsS Iq´-Ønse kc-k≥ ASnsb adn-I-S∂v ]n≥ s_-©n¬ t]mbn-cp∂v R߃ X√p-sIm-≈p-∂Xv I≠p Nncn-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. So®¿ Nqc-

se- S p- ° m≥ Xncn- b p- ∂ - X n- \ n- S - b n¬ Ah≥ ]Xps° ]n∂nse hmXn-en¬ IqSn Ib-dn-∏-‰n. Rß-fpsS A©mƒ kwL-Øe-h\ - m-bn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬ Ah≥ am{Xw c£-s∏-´-Xn¬ _m°n-bp-≈h¿°m¿°pw ]cn-`-h-ap-≠m-bn-√. A¬]w Ign-™-t∏mƒ, hmXnen- \ - S pØv Hcp \ng¬. So®¿ "BsctSm' F∂p tNmZn®v ]pd-tØ-°pt\m-°p-tºmƒ ]yq¨ k¿°p-ed - p-ambn AI-tØ°p hcm≥ aSn-®p \n¬°p-Ibm-Wv. Ip´n-Is - f-√m-hcpw Nncn-®t- ∏mƒ So®¿°pw NncnbS-°m-\m-bn-√. ]yq¨ AI-tØ-°p-IS- ∂v k¿°p-e¿ hmbn®p: ""\msf sk°≥Uv km‰¿tU Ah-[nbm-b-Xn-\m¬ tdmUv BIvkn-U‚ v B£≥ t^mdw (B¿.- F .- F - ^ v ) \ΩpsS kvIqfn¬ Hcp ¢m v sh®n-cn°p-∂p, AXn-\m¬ F√m hnZym¿∞nIfpw \n¿_-‘a - mbpw km[m-cW - t- ØXp-t]mse kvIqfn¬ htc-≠X - m-Wv. F∂v {]n≥kn-∏¬, H∏v''. Rß-fpsS ]≤-Xn-sb√mw AhXm-f-Øn-em-bn-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. R߃ F¥p-sN-ø-W-sa-∂-Xns‚ Xocp-am\w t\Xm-hn\p hn´p. ""Xocp-am\w kpNn¥n-X-ambn FSp-Ø-Xm-b-Xn-\m¬ Hcn-

79


°epw am‰p-Itbm ]p\:]cn-tim-[n-°pItbm sNøp∂ {]iv\ta DZn-°p-∂n√''. t\Xmhv X°k-ab - Øv DNn-Xa- mb Xocpam\w {]Jym- ] n- ® p. ho´n¬ \n∂v kvIqfn-te-s°∂ hymtP\ ]pd-s∏´v hgn- b n¬ sh®v bqWn- t ^mw am‰n t]mIm-\mWv R߃ ]≤-Xn-bn-´X - v. ]Xn-hp-t]mse DΩ Hcp°nØ ∂ tNm‰n≥s]mXn hmßn _mKn-en´v Hcp If¿j¿´pw IqsS°-cpXn kvIqƒ bqWnt^mw [cn®v Rm≥ t\csØ ]pd-s∏-´p.-F-´p-a-Wn°v ae-∏p-dØpw Ahn-sS-\n∂v IS-ep≠n∏pg-bpsS XocØqsS GXm≠v ]Xn-\©v an\n´v bm{X sNbvXv Imcm-tXm-Sn-\-∏pdw ]qfm-∏oknepw R߃ _ v am¿§w FØn. AhnSw apX¬°mWv ae-Ib - ‰w Bcw`n-°p-∂-Xv. tdmUp-≠v, ]s£ ]IpXntb Sm¿ sNbvXn-´p-≈q. AXn-\m¬ hml-\b - m{X ZpjvIc - a - m-W.v F√m-hcpw \S-°m-dm-Ws{X ]Xn-hv. Rßfpw \S°m-\mWv Xocp-am-\s - a-Sp-ØX - v. ae-Ib - dp-∂-h¿°v BZm-b-hn-e°v hm´¿t_m´n¬ kssπ sNøp∂ Hcp IS-°m-ct\mSv hnh-c-ß-sf√mw At\z-jn-®-dn™p. sabn≥ tdmUn¬ \n∂v A¬]w \S-∂n-´p-thWw ae ImWm≥. At∏mtg°pw tdmUns‚ KXn amdn-Øp-S-ßn. Ccp-h-iØpw Bg-ta-dnb Icn-¶¬ Izmdn-Iƒ. FØn-t\m-°n-bm¬ Xe-Idßpw. R߃ Izmdn-Ifpw sXßn≥ tXm-∏p-Ifpw sam´-∏d-ºp-Ifpw IS∂v \oßn- s °m- ≠ n- c p- ∂ p. Aßs\ XnI®pw hnP-\-amb Hcp ÿe-sØØn. AhnsS Hcp ]md-bn¬ Ib-dn-bncp∂v R߃ ssIhiw Icp-Xn-bn-cp∂ `£Ww Ign-®p. F∂n´v ho≠pw \S∂p. ae-bpsS apI-fn¬ FØm-dm-bt∏mƒ aq∂p- \ mep hoSp- I fpw Hcp {Inkv X y≥ ]≈nbpw I≠p. hoSpIƒ°cnIn¬ \o≠ Ib-dn¬ _‘n°-s∏´ hf¿Øp \mbv°f - p-ap-≠v. Ah Rß-fpsS km∂n[yw ho´p-Imsc Adnbn-®-t∏mƒ Hcmƒ ]pd-Øn-dßn RßfpsS Dt±iyw Xnc- ° n. Abmƒ ImWn®p X∂ Nhn-´p-hg- n-bn-eq-sS-bmbn ]ns∂ Rß-fpsS \S-Øw. Im´p-h≈ - n-If - n¬ ]nSn®pw sNdp]m-d-I-fn-e-≈n-∏n-Sn®pw ac-߃ Ccpƒ hogvØnb B `mKw R߃ XcWw sNbvXp. hnj-\m-K-ß-fpsS Xmh-famWm `mK-sa∂ Adnhv D≈n¬ sh®v

72

80

`oXn ]c-k] v cw ssIam-dmsX kau\w AXn-eqsS IÆpw Xpd-p∏n®p ]nSn®mWv R߃ \S-∂p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv. Aßs\ D®-bm-b-t∏mƒ R߃ aebpsS s\dp-I-bn-se-Øn. hfsc sNdnsbmcp \nc-∏v. ]md-Iƒ ASp-°n-sh® coXn XnI®pw Akm[m-cWw. apIfnepw Xmsg-bp-ambn ]pcm-X\ Bcm[-\m-eb - ß - f - psS Ah-in-jvSß - ƒ. Xdbn¬ Fs¥m-s°tbm enJn-Xß - ƒ. XdbpsS \Sp-°p≈ c≠p-]m-d-Iƒ°p≈n¬ sNdnb apdn- t]mse Hgn™ ÿe-am-Wp-≈Xv. Aº-eØ - n\p ap≥hi-Ømbn henb Hcp Xo°pfiw at\ml-c-ambn sImØn-bp-≠m-°nb \nebn¬. A¬]w apI-fn-embn hrØm-IrXn-bn¬ Hcp B¬Ød-t]me sImØn b I√p-I-fm¬ Bhr-X-amb Hcp Xd. A·n-bm-cm-[I - c - m-bn-cn-°Ww B Aº ew ]Wn-Xs - X-∂mWv A\p-am-\n-°m≥ Ign-bp-I. F√mw kq£va \nco-£Ww \SØn R߃ t\m°n°≠p. BsI `oXn-P-\-I-amWv A¥-co-£w. AXn-\nS-bn¬ Hcp `oIc i_vZ-ap-b¿∂p-h-cp∂p. R߃ icn°pw `b-hn-lz-e-cmbn. t\m°p-tºm-gp≠v tImgn-t°mSv cmPym- ¥ c hnam- \ - Ø m- h - f - Ø ns‚ sd¨th- b n¬ \n∂p Hcp henb hnam\w ]d-∂p-b-cp-∂p. AXv RßfpsS sXm´-cn-In-eqsS ]d-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂Xp- t ]m- s e- b mWv A\p- ` - h - s ∏- ´ - X v . A¬]-t\-c-Øn-\Iw ]e-X-hW hnam\-ß-fpsS Ib-‰n-d-°-߃ I≠p. aeap-If - n¬ A¬]w hn´v Hcp kutcm¿÷ kn·¬ sse‰v lukp-ap-≠v. ]Sn-™mdp `mK-tØ°v hf™p-t]m-Ip∂ ae-bn-eqsS A¬]w \S∂- t ∏mƒ ac- ß ƒ IØn- ° - c n- ™ pWßn hgn-bmsI Idp-Øn-cn-°p-∂Xv I≠p. ASp-sØmcp Xo∏n-SpØw \S∂-Xp-t]mse tXm∂n. hgn-bpsS Ccp`m-Khpw henb XmgvNI - f - m-W.v Hcp `mKØp-\n∂v t\m°n-bm¬ hnam-\Ø - m-hfw ]q¿Æ- a mbn Z¿in- ° mw. adp- ` mKw sXßn≥tXm-∏p-If - m-W.v \√ `wKn-bp≈ ImgvN. \´p® t\cØpw ]Sn-™m-d≥ Ipfn¿Im-‰v. C\n aS° bm{X. t\cw Ccp´p-∂X - n-\p-apºv ho´n¬ Xncn-s®-ØW - w. ho´n¬ hnh- c - a - d n- b n- ° m- s Xbpw kvIqfnse \n›nX ]cn-]mSn apS-°n-

bp- a p≈ Rß- f psS _ln¿Ka\w BsI {]iv\-ambn amdpw. \S-∏mX Ign™v tdmUn- s e- Ø n- b - t ∏mƒ t\csØ I≠ hoSp-I-fn-sem-∂n¬ \n∂v Hcp Hm∏¨ alo{μ Po∏v ]´WsØ e£y-am°n hcp-∂Xv I≠p. Rßsf I≠-tXmsS AXn-\p-≈n¬ \n∂v ss{Uh¿ amSn- h n- f n®v h≠n\n¿Øn. HmSn-s®∂v ]e-`m-KØv ]nSn®n-cp-∂p. BSn-bp-e-™p≈ khmcn ap°m¬ aWn-°q¿ sIm≠v tÃm∏nseØn \n∂p.- A-hnsS \n∂v _kv Ibdn ae-∏p-dt- Ø°pw ]n∂oSv Hmtcmcp-Øcpw Ah-ch - c - psS hoSp-If - n-te°pw bm{X-bm-bn. ]nt‰ Xn¶- f mgv N kv I qfn¬ sN∂-t∏m-gmWv {]iv\Ø - ns‚ Kuchw a\- n-em-Ip∂-Xv. AXp-hsc Rß-fpsS bm{X D√m-k-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]ns∂-btßm´v kml-kn-Ia - m-hpI-bmWv. As√¶nte R߃ A©mƒ kwLw Hcp thdn´ Iq´p-sI-´m-bX - n-\m¬ Rß-tfmSv A¬]w Cu¿jy- b mWv a‰p Ip´nIƒs°-√mw. Aßs\ R߃ sN∂t∏mƒ ¢mkn¬ {]thin°m≥ Iq´m-°p∂n√ kl- ] m- T n- I - f m- c pw. R߃ ¢mkn¬ Ib-dn-bm¬ ¢mkn\v H∂-S¶w ]Wn- j v s a‚ v In´p- s a- ∂ m- b n- c p∂p {]n≥kn- ∏ ¬ kmdns‚ DØ- c - h v . Aßs\ R߃ ÿe-sØ-Øn-bXv ¢mkv eoU¿ {]n≥kn-∏¬ kmdn-s‚-bSpØv dnt∏m¿´v sNbvXp. {]n≥kn-∏¬ km¿ "i\n-bmgvN ¢mkn¬ hcm-Ø-h-cmscms°' F∂ptNm-Zn-®p-sIm≠v Hcp Nqc¬h-Sn-bp-ambn Rß-fpsS ¢mkv dqan\p apºn-se-Øn. Bap-J-ambn F√m-h¿°pw Cuc-≠Sn hoXw X∂n´v ¢mkv Ub-dn-bp-ambn Hm^okv dqan¬ sN√m≥ ]d-™p. Hmtcm-cp-Øc - p-sSbpw \º¿ hmßn ho´nte°v hnfn®v "Ch≥ i\n- b mgv N kvIqfn-te°v t]m∂n-cpt∂m, Chn-sSsb-Øn-bn-cp-∂n-√. Fhn-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p' F∂-t\z-jn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Rß-fpsS am¿K-Z¿in-bmb kc-k≥ AXn-\n-Sbn¬ Hcp hncp-sXm-∏n-®p. Ah≥ hfsc `hy-X-bnepw acym-Z-bnepw kmdn-t\mSv "km¿ H∂p tSmbve‰ - n¬ t]ms´, AXymh-iy-amWv' F∂v kΩXw tNmZn-®p-hmßn. kwK-Xn-sb√mw Ign™v Ah≥ apJØv Hcp Nncnbp-ambn Iyqhn¬ h∂p \n∂p. km¿ Ahs‚ Ub-dn-


bnse \º-dn¬ hnfn-®p. Ahs‚ DΩbm-bn-cp∂p A‰‚ v sNbvXn-cp-∂-Xv. "tam≥ Hms‚ heyp-Ωm°v kpJ-an√msX Bkv ] - { Xn- b nemb- t Xm≠v AhnsS t]mb-Xm-bn-cp∂p' F∂v adpX-e° - ¬ \n∂v adp-]Sn tI´Xv R߃ {i≤n-°p-tºmƒ Ah≥ Nncn-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. Cu adp-]Sn _mØvdq-an¬ t]mb X°- Ø n¬ Ah≥ DΩm°v t^m¨sNbvXv ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-ØXv Ah¿ G‰p-]-d-™-Xm-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂v ]n∂o-Sm-W-h≥ Rß-tfmSv ]d-™-Xv. Fs‚ ho´n-te°v hnfn-®-t∏mƒ `mKy-

Øn\v t^m¨ kzn®v Hm^v Bbn-cp∂p. km¿ Ft∂mSv B_vk‚ v BbXns‚ ImcWw tNmZn- ® p. Rm≥ ]d™ ImcWw kmdn\p t_m[y-amb-Xp-t]m-se. Aßs\ ho´n¬ \n∂p km£y- s ∏- S pØnb IØp- a mbn ]nt‰∂p hcm≥ ]d™p Fs∂ hn´p. _m°n-bp-≈h - ¿s°√mw kkvs]≥j \pw c£n-Xm-°sf sIm≠p-h-chpw in£ hn[n-®p. Aßs\ kml- k n- I X \nd™ Hcp-√mk bm{X-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. F¥n-s\bpw lc-ambn t\cn-

Sm\pw X{¥- ] q¿Δw ssIImcyw sNøm\pw Ign-bp∂ Rß-fpsS kck≥ eoU-dp-≈-Xm-bn-cp∂p B lb¿ sk°-≠dn ]ocn-b-Unse Fs‚bpw Rm\pƒs∏´ A©mƒ kwL- Ø ns‚bpw ss[cyw. B Iq´p-sI´v Hcp-ImeØpw ]ncn-bn-s√-∂mWv As∂ms° hniz-kn-®n-cp-∂X - v. ]s£ ]pXnb Iq´psI´v h∂-tXmsS ]g-bXv ]ncn-™p. F¶nepw Hm¿Ω-bn¬ B A©mƒ kwLw kplr-Øp-°-fm-bn, Bfl-_‘p-°-fmbn C∂pw XpS-cp-∂p.

A≥km¿ Sn.F.

Pohn-Xt- ØmSv

ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

Bcp \¬In \ns∂-sb-\n˛ °mcp Xncn®p hmßnSpw ? Fßp \ns∂Øn \obq-gn-bn¬ Xßn-bn-s´-tßm´p t]mbnSpw ? CØn-cntb \¬Iq Nne¿°p \o˛ sbmØncn ]e¿°p-ta-In-Spw. F¥-Xn≥ cl-ky-am¿°-dnbmw l¥-hn-Nn-{X-sat∂ ]d-bm-hq. Fs¥mcp hiy-XbmWp \n\˛ °n√sbm´pta sshc-kyw. \ns∂-∏p-e-¿Øm\t√m ]mSp-s]-Sp∂p \c¿ cm∏-I¬ hyXym-k-sa-∂n-tb. \obn-√s - b-¶n-se-¥≤ - zm\w \obn-√-sb-¶n-se-¥-`n-am\w \n\-°mbv \S-°p∂p \m´n¬ bp≤-߃ ]ns∂ kam-[m-\w. ]p©ncn \¬Ipw Nne¿°p Zp:J aRvP-cn-bXpw kΩm-\n-®n-Spw. ]qsaØ hncn-®nSpw Nne¿°p \o ]qh-\-am-°nSpw `ph-\-am-sI-bpw. F{X-bm-sW≥ `mK-t[bw \n∂n¬ \ns∂-\n-s°-∂-dn-bmsX hymtam-l-߃ hnf-bn®p Ign-bp∂p Rm\p-sa≥ In\m-°fpw hf-cp-∂p. \n≥ hf¿®-s°m∏w hf-cp-∂nXm F∂n¬ \n≥ {]Xn-tbm-Knbmw ac-W-hpw. \n≥ hf¿® apc-Sn-∏n-°p-sam-cn-°¬ acWw A∂p \o hoWp-In-S-°pao [c-Wn-bn¬!

81


kzmX- { ¥ym- \ - ¥ c atX- X c C¥ybn¬ F∂pw kwhm-Zh - n-jb - a - m-bns°m- ≠ n- c n- ° p∂ H∂m- W v ta¬ sImSpØ io¿j-Iw. aX-Øn\v cmjv{Sob-Øn¬ CS-s]-Smtam? cmjv{So-bØ - n\v aX-Øn¬ CS-s]-Smtam? CXv ]d-bptºmƒ BZyw aX-Øns‚bpw cmjv{Sob-Øns‚bpw AXn¿Øn-Iƒ \n›-bnt°- ≠ - X m- b n- h - c pw. At∏m- g sØ X¿°w AXmcv \n›-bn°pw F∂-Xmbn amdpw. cmjv{So-b-°m¿ \n›-bn°tWm AtXm aX-°m¿ \n›-bn-°tWm, AtXm Ccp-Iq-´cpw IqSn \n›bn-°t- Wm? cmjv{So-b-°m¿°v cmjv{So-bØns‚ AXn¿Øn-Iƒ \n›-bn-°mw. aX-°m¿°v aX-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn-Ifpw \n›-bn-°mw. ]s£ Aßs\ hcptºmƒ Hcp {]iv\w. kmaq-lnI PohnX-Øns‚ taJ-e-I-fn-te-°p≈ aXØns‚ A[ym-]-\-ßsf FSp-Øp-am‰m≥ aX-°m¿ kΩ-Xn-°p-tam? `c-Wm[n-Im-cn-Iƒ°v aX-\n-ba - ß - sf \nb-{¥nt°≠ L´-߃ h∂m¬ aX-tI-{μ߃ AXv kΩ-Xn-°p-tam? DZm-lc - W - Øn\v Ckvemw aXsØ kw_-‘n°p∂ Hcp Imcyw. hJ-^p-kz-Øp-°ƒ

74

82

aXhpw cmjv{So-bhpw j^oJ hn.-sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

bpw th¿Xn- c n®p ImtW- ≠ - X p- ≠ v . aX-t_m-[-Øns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ sk°p-e¿ F∂ ]Z-Øns‚ A¿∞w kzcq- ] n°- s ∏- S p- ∂ - X pw aX- \ n- b - a atX-Xcw, sFlnIw F∂n-ßs - \-bm-W.v ߃°-\p-kr-Xa - mbn ssIImcyw sNøssZhnIw, ]mc- e u- I n- I w, aX- ] cw s∏-tS-≠-Xp-am-Wv. F∂m¬ cmjv{So-bF∂n-h-bp-ambn _‘-s∏-´-X-√mØ °m-cpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-bmb hJ^v a{¥nF√m am\p-jnI hnj-bß - fpw sk°pbmWv AXns‚ ssIIm- c y- Ø n\v edm-Wv. Aam-\p-jn-Ihpw ssZhn-I-hpt\XrXzw \¬Ip-∂-Xv. ChnsS aXamb kØsb B{i-bn-°m-sXbpw Øn¬ cmjv{So-b° - m¿ ssII-SØ - p-∂pBflm-hn-s\bpw ]c-tem-I-sØbpw ≠v . apkv e nw hy‡n- \ n- b - a - ß - f n¬ Ipdn®v Nn¥n-°m-sXbpw sFlnI cmjv{Sob-°m¿ A`n-{]mbw ]d-bp-∂Xpw Pohn-X-Øns‚ {]iv\-߃ Nn¥n®v CS-s]-Sm≥ {ian-°p-∂Xpw \nXy-kw-`]cn-lm-c-߃ Is≠Øn Pohn-°p∂ h-am-Wv. Npcp-°Ø - n¬ hfsc Ipg-™pHcmƒ sk°p-ed - nÃpw B Is≠-ج a-dn-s™mcp {]iv\-am-Wn-Xv. sk°p- e - d n- k - h p- a m- W v . F∂m¬ Chn-sS-bmWv sk°p-e-dnkw AYhm aX-\nc-t]-£X F ∂ Bi-bØ - n kmaq-lnI Pohn-XØ - ns‚ taJ-eI - f- n-tes‚ km[yX °p≈ aX-Øns‚ A[ym-]-\-ßsf FSp-ØpImtW-≠n-hc - p∂-Xv. Cßs\ am-‰m≥ aX-°m¿ kΩ-Xn-°p-tam? `c-Wm-[nImWp-tºmƒ Im-cn-Iƒ°v aX-\n-b-a-ßsf \nb-{¥n-t°≠ sk°p-e-cn kw F∂ B L´-߃ h∂m¬ aX-tI-{μ-߃ AXv kΩi- b - s Øbpw Xn-°p-tam? sk°p-e¿ cm jv{Sw F∂ ÿm]-\-sØ


F√m aX-ÿcpw Ah-c-h-cpsS aX-Øns‚ {]tNm-Z-\-sa-t∂mWw cmjv{S-tk-h\w \n¿Δln-°p-Ibpw cmjv{So-b-{]-h¿Ø\w kXy-k-‘hpw Agn-aXn cln-X-hp-am-bn-cn-°m≥ {i≤n°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv CØcw Hcp aX-]-c-amb ImgvN-∏mSpw {]tNm-Z-\hpw AXns‚ ]n∂n¬ Hcp Nme-I-i-‡n-bmbn {]h¿Øn-°p-tºm-gm-Wv. sk°p-e¿ cmjv{S-w hy‡n°pw kaql-߃°pw aX-kzm-X{¥yw A\p-h-Zn°p-Ibpw aXw t\m°msX ]ucm-hI - mi-߃ kwc-£n-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ cmjv{S-am-Wv. AhnsS GsX¶n-ep-samcp aX-Øn\v {]tXyI ]Zhn D≠m-bn-cn-°p-∂-X-√. cmjv{Sw Hcp aXØn-s‚bpw {]N-cW - Ø - nt\m \ncp-’ml-s∏-Sp-Ø-ent\m {ian-°p-I-bp-an-√. C∏- d ™ A¿∞- Ø n- e mWv C¥y Hcp atX-Xc cmjv{S-am-bn-cn-°p∂-X.v AXn-\m¬ cmjv{S-Øns‚ \S-Øn∏p-amtbm `c-Wÿ - m-]\ - ß - f - n-te-°p≈ sXc-s™-Sp-∏p-amtbm _‘-s∏´ Imcyß-fn¬ aX-Øn\v bmsXmcp ]¶pw hln-°m-\n-√. Ah-sb√mw X\n- `uXn-Ia - mb coXn-If - n-emWv \S-tØ-≠X - v. cmjv{S-Øns‚ \nb-a-\n¿ΩmW k`-Ifn-tet°m FIvkn-Iyq-´ohv ÿm]-\ß - fn-tet°m PpUo-jy-dn-bn-tet°m aXØns‚ ]cn-K-W-\-sh-®p-sIm-≠p≈ \nb-a-\-ßtfm t\man-t\-jt\m Ce£t\m ]mSn-√. aX-sa-∂Xv hy‡n-Pohn- X - h p- a mbn _‘- s ∏- S p∂ Hcp Bflob hnj- b - a m- W v . F∂p ]d™m¬ aX-]-c-amb Bh-iy-߃°v kwLw tN¿∂p-IqS F∂√ A¿∞w.

tÉns‚ sNe- h ntem ta¬t\m- ´ Øntem \S-°p∂ Imcy-ß-fn¬ aXw Acp-sX-∂p-am-{Xw. aX-kw-LS- \ - I - ƒ°v hnZym-`ymk ÿm]-\ß - fpw [¿Ω-ÿm]- \ - ß - f p- s a√mw \S- Ø mw. ]s£ cmjv { Shpw hy‡nbpw XΩn- e p≈ _‘-Øn¬ aXsØ Hgn-®p-\n¿tØ≠-Xm-W.v cmjv{So-b-Øn¬ \n∂p≈ aXØns‚ Cu hn´p-\n¬∏v C¥ysb kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw G‰hpw IqSpX¬ A\p-{K-l-ambn `hn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv Chn- S sØ \yq\- ] - £ - ß ƒ°m- W v . AX-√m-Xn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ F√m \yq\-]£ - hn-`m-K-ßfpw `c-W-L-S-\m-]cambn Chn-SsØ `qcn-]-£-Øns‚ Iogn¬ \n¬°m≥ _m[y-ÿc - m-hp-am-bn-cp-∂p. kuZn Atd- _ y- b nepw a‰p- s a- ∂ t]mse. `qcn-]£ - Ø - ns‚ aXw cmjv{SØns‚ HutZym-KnI aX-am-bn-´m-Wt√m Ahn-sS-sb-√m-ap-≈X - .v F∂m¬ HutZymKnI aX-an-√m-Øn-SØv GXp-aX - Ø - ns‚ N´-°q-´nepw B¿°pw AWn-\n-c-°mhp-∂-Xm-Wv. Hcp aX-hp-an-√msX Pohn°pIbpw sNømw. cmjv{S-]n-Xmhv alm-flP - n-bpsS Imgv N - ∏ mSv ]cn- t im- [ n- ° p- t ºmƒ,

At±lw aXm-[n-jvTnX cmjv{So-btam aX-ap‡ cmjv{So-btam A√ aX-{]-tNmNnX cmjv{So-b-am-bn-cp∂p C¥y≥ ]uc≥am¿°v Cjv S - s ∏- ´ n- c p- ∂ - s X∂mWv a\-   n- e m- ° m≥ Ign- b p- I . "Fs∂ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØm-fw, aXap‡ cmjv{So-ba - √ Rm≥ kzoI-cn-°m\n-jvS-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. aX-ap‡ cmjv{Sobw Hcp ac-W-s°-Wn-bm-Wv. AXv Bflmhns\ l\n®p Ifbpw' F∂ Km‘nPn-bpsS hmNIw hfsc {]kn-≤a - s - {X. F√m aX-ÿcpw Ah-c-h-cpsS aX-Øns‚ {]tNm-Z\ - s - a-t∂mWw cmjv{Stk-h\w \n¿Δ-ln-°p-Ipbw cmjv{So-b{]-h¿Ø\w kXy-k-‘hpw Agn-aXn cln-X-hp-am-bn-cn-°m≥ {i≤n-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv CØcw Hcp aX-]-c-amb ImgvN-∏mSpw {]tNm-Z-\hpw AXns‚ ]n∂n¬ Hcp Nme- I - i - ‡ n- b mbn {]h¿Øn- ° p- t ºm- g m- W v . A√m- Ø ]£w cm{j-{So-b-Øn¬ [m¿ΩnIX Ipd-bpw. cmjv{So-ba - m-bm¬ F¥p-amhmw F∂ Hcp \ne-hcpw. AXns‚ sISpXn-Iƒ C¥y-°m-cmb \mw A\p-`-hn®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - m-Wt- √m.

tImtf-Pns‚ ]Wn tImtf-Pns‚ ]Wn- Xo¿t∂m? ]S-hp-Im-c≥: Xo¿∂n-s´m-Øncn \mfm-bn. Bimcn: F√mw Xo¿∂p. hmXnepw P\-ep-sa√mw h®p. ^¿Æn-®-dp-t]mepw sdUn. s]bn‚¿: C\n-sbm∂pw _m°n-bn-√. F√mw Xo¿∂n´v BgvN-I-fm-bn. {]n≥kn-∏¬: ]Wn XpS-ßm-\n-cn-°p-∂-X-t√-bp-≈q.

83


Iem-ebw lpkv\m _ohn H.-sI. Imfn-Im-hv. _n.-F. Cw•ojv 2008-˛10

aqV-bmbv hs∂m-sc-t∂-bs - ß-Xn-tc‰p KmV-ambv∏pW¿∂psIm-≠m-tamZw sIm≠p\o Adn-hn-s‚-b\ - p-`q-Xn-bm-thm-ft- a-Io-´˛ ßdn-hmf t{iWn-bn-em-°n-b-cpfn \o. Pohn-X-sa-∂-Xn≥ ImX¬ Im´n-Ø∂p Pohn-X-Øn-s∂mcp s]mcpfp ]I¿∂p \o Bbn-ca - m-s≠m-co-bq-gn-bn¬ hmWmepw Bcv Rms\-∂tXm¿°p-∂-h-fm°n \o. Bfl kplr-Øp-°-fm-se-sb≥ kvac-Wsb Zo]vX-am-°o-Sp-hm-\-h-k-c-taIn \o ]¶-an-√m-sØmcp kvt\l-h-e-b-Øn¬ ]¶p ]‰o-Sp-hm≥ Imh-embv \n∂p \o. A\p-cm-K-a-[p-hn-\mbv sImXn-]q≠ ie-`-Øn˛ \h-\n-te-s°mcp hgn sh´n-sØ-fn®p \o. Cº-ta-dp-s∂mcm sNº-\o-c-ecns‚ apºn-se-s∂-∂p-sa-Øn®p Xcptam \o ? \n≥aXn¬s°´n-\p-≈n¬ ]d-s∂-Øp-hm≥ F≥ a\-s t∏mgpw Nnd-I-Sn-®o-S-em-bv. F≥ Np≠n¬ \ns∂-¥n-\n{X thK-Øn-em \∑[p ]obq-j-[mc sXdn-®p-t]mbv?

76

XncnsI hnfn-°ptamsbs∂-sb≥ kZ-\ta hcn-I-bm-Wn-hƒ ho≠pw \n≥ sNcn-hp-I-fn¬. CS-apt≠m \n∂neo kpX-sb-bpƒs°m-≈p-hm˛ \nS-apt≠m \n≥ aSn-Ø-´-ßn-Sp-ßntbm ?

84


hn-j° - p∏n

lkv\ Ckvam-Cu¬ C.-]n. _n.-F. Cw•ojv Ah-km\ h¿jw

\£-{X-J-Nn-X-amb \oem-ImiØv `q\n-hm-kn-Isf t\m°n ]m¬]p-©ncn s]mgn®v aμw aμw \oßp∂ ]q¿Æ N{μn-I. {KmaØns‚ \ni-_vZX `RvPn-®p-sIm≠v \nc-Øn-eqsS hml-\-߃ HmSn-t∏mIp-tºmƒ Ah-bpsS IÆ-©n-∏n°p∂ shfn®w \nem-hn\p t\sc sIm™\w IpØn s]s´∂v A{]Xy-£-am-Ip-∂p. in¬] ]pkvX-I-ßfpw a‰p ]T-\-h-kvXp-°fpw ]nt‰∂v ImeØv tImtf-Pn¬ t]mIp-tºmƒ s]s´s∂SpØv sIm≠p-t]m-Im≥ ]mI-Øn¬ _mKneSp-°n-sh®v Ddßm≥ Xøm-dm-bn. sXm´-∏p-dsØ apdn-bn¬ tcmK-i-ø-bn¬ InS-°p∂ hr≤-bmb AΩq-Ωbv°v iey-am-hmXn-cn-°m≥ ]pd-tØ°v H®-bn-√msX apdn-bpsS P\-e-S®v sse‰v sISpØn

Ahƒ InS-∂p. aWn-°q-dp-Ifpw an\p-´p-Ifpw Cg™p \oßn-bn´pw in¬]°pd-°w h∂n-√. C{Xbpw sNdp-{]m-b-am-bt∏mtg°pXs∂ PohnXw X\n°p \¬Inb Zpcn-X-ßfpsSbpw IjvS-∏mSp-I-fp-sSbpw GSp-Iƒ Hmtcm∂msbSpØp adn-®p-sIm≠v Ah-fßs\ InS-∂p. Znh-k-߃°p apºv am¿°-‰n¬ \n∂v hmßn-s°m-≠p-h∂Xpw D]-tbm-Kn®v PohnXw Ah-km\n-∏n-°m≥ ]e-X-hW \n\-s®¶nepw Ip‰-`-b-Øm¬ ]n¥n-cn™p XncnsI FSp-Øp-sh-®-Xp-amb hnj°p-∏n-bn-te°v sR°p-hn-f-°-a¿Øn AXns‚ shfn-®-Øn¬ Ahƒ sImXn-tbmsS t\m°n. ""tamtf sNbvXp-t]m-IcpXv sIt´m'' s]s´-s∂m-c-i-co-cn. CXv apg-

ßn-bXv Xs‚ ImXntem a\- ntem? in¬] s]mSp-∂s\ sR´n-sb-Wo‰p Xs‚ ImXn-eq-sStbm IÆn-eq-sStbm D≈n-seØn Akz-ÿ-X-bp-≠m°p∂ GsXmcp i¶bpw am‰n-s°m-Sp°m-dp≈ sR°p-hn-f-°p-ambn BZyw AΩqΩ InS-°p∂ apdn-bnepw ]ns∂ ho´ns‚ Np‰p-]mSpw ]c-Xnt\m-°n. AΩqΩ KmV-\n-{Z-bn-em-Wv. ]pd-sØ-hn-sSbpw Bscbpw ImWp∂pan√. Ahƒ ho≠pw InS-∏p-ap-dnbn-seØn Btem-N-\-bn¬ apgp-In. AΩ-bpsS i_vZ-Øns‚ ams‰m-en t]mse tXm∂n-°p∂ B i_vZw bYm¿∞-Øn¬ FhnsS \n∂v Xs‚ ImXn-seØn ? Ime-N-{I-Øns‚ kqNn ]nt∂m´p Xncn-bp-∂X - mbn in¬]bv°p tXm∂n. A—\pw AΩbpw Hcp-an®p Pohn-®tXm

85


A—s‚ emf\ X\n°p e`n-®tXm Ahƒ kz]v\-Øn¬ t]mepw I≠n´n-√. X\nt°m¿Ω sh-°p-tºmƒ AΩ-bp-sSbpw AΩq-Ω-bp-sSbpw km∂n≤yw am{X-amWv ho´n-ep-≠m-bncp-∂-Xv. ASpØ ho´nse Ip´n-Isf Ah-cpsS A—-\-Ω-am¿ emfn-°p∂Xpw IqsS sIm≠p t]mhp-∂Xpw ImWp-tºmƒ X\n°pw A—-\p-≠mbn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ F∂hƒ tamln®ncp∂p. AΩbv°v A—-s\ Ipdn®v tNmZn-®m¬ Ic-®n¬ hcp-sa∂-Xn\m¬ AΩq-Ωt- bm-Sm-Wh - ƒ F√mw tNmZn-®-dn-™-Xv. A—\v \√ hnZym`ym-k-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p-sh∂pw s]s´s∂mcpZnhkw A—≥ Hcp Zpc¥-Øn¬ s]´v ac-W-s∏-´p-t]m-bXmsW∂pap≈ hnhcw AΩq-Ω-bn¬ \n∂mWv Adn-™-Xv. A∂p apX¬°v AΩ tPmen sNbvXn-´m-Ws{X Xs∂bpw AΩq-Ωsbbpw t\m°n-t∏m-∂-Xv. A—s‚ A`mhw Hcp hnt[-\bpw tamƒ°v A\p-`-h-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ c≠p-t]-cpsSbpw hm’eyw Hcp-an®p \¬In AΩ Xs∂ hf¿Øn-t∏m-∂Xv in¬] IÆo-tcmsS Hm¿Øp. {]mb]q¿Øn-bm-bn-s°m-≠n-cp∂ X∂n¬ hf¿®-sb-Ønb kz]v\-ß-sf√mw ]qh-Wn-bn-t°≠ _m[yX AΩ Xs‚ Zp¿_-e-amb Npa-ep-I-fn¬ G‰n-cp-∂Xp t]mse. Aßs\ Xs‚ hnZym-`ymkw lb¿sk-°-≠dn hscsb-Øn. A—\pw AΩ-bpw Hcp-an®p≈ Ip´n-Iƒ A\p-`-hn-®n-cp∂ F√m kpJ-ku-I-cy-ßfpw H∂pt]mepw hnSmsX Xs‚ kvIqƒ hnZym-`ymk h¿j-ß-fn¬ AΩ km[n-∏n®p \¬In-bn-cp-∂p. lb¿sk-°-≠dn ]m m-btXmsS AΩ-bpsS apºn¬ in¬] ]pXn-sbmcp sh√p-hn-fn-bmbn Db¿∂p\n∂p. ]s£ H´pw IqkmsX B sh√p-hn-fnbpw AΩ ss[cy-]q¿Δw Gs‰-Sp-Øp. a‰m-cpambpw IqSn-bm-tem-Nn-°pI t]mepw sNømsX AΩ Ahsf ASp-Øp≈ Un{Kn tImtf-Pn¬ tN¿Øn ]Tn-∏n°m≥ th≠-sX√mw sNbvXp. Aßs\ AΩq-Ωbpw AΩ-bp-ambp≈ PohnXw B\-μ-ambn \oßn. IjvS∏ - m-Sn-s‚bpw Zmcn-{ZyØn-s‚bpw

78

86

ssZ\yX B ho´n¬ Fºm-Sp-ap-≠mbn-cp-∂p-sh-¶n-epw AXv in¬]tbm Ah-fpsS AΩq-Ωtbm Adn-™n-cp∂-tX-bn-√. F√mw Ah-fpsS AΩ kz¥w Npa-en-te‰n \S-∂p. ]pd-Øpt]mbn the-sNbvXpsIm≠p IpSpw_w t]m‰p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ho´pth-ebpw Ah¿ Xs∂ FSp-°p-I-bmbn-cp-∂p ]Xn-hv. AΩq-Ωbv°p {]mbam-b-Xn-\m¬ H∂n\pw Bh-Xp-≠m-hn√. tamfm-sW-¶n¬ tImtf-Pn¬ t]mIp-∂-Xn-\m¬ Ahƒ°v ka-bhpap-≠m-hn-√. AXn-\m¬ Xm≥ Xs∂ F√mw sNø-W-sa-∂Xv AhcpsS \n¿_-‘-am-bn-cp-∂p. Aß-s\-bn-cns° hn[n AXns‚ alm-IrXyw a\p-jy-Po-hn-XØn¬ \S-∏m-°p-∂-Xns‚ `mK-sat∂mWw B AXym-lnXw \S-∂p. Pohn-X-`mcw Npa∂v Npa∂v Xmßm\m-hmsX tcmK-{KkvX-bmb AΩ NnIn-’m¿∞w ]´-W-Øn¬ t]mbXm-bn-cp-∂p. hfsc {i≤n®pw kq£n®pw X\n-s°-s¥-¶nepw kw`hn-®m¬ in¬]bv°pw Ah-fpsS AΩq-Ωbv°pw a‰m-cp-ap-≠m-hn√ F∂ i‡-amb hnNm-c-tØmSp IqSnbpw Ah¿ tdmUv apdn-®p-I-S-°pI-bm-bn-cp-∂p. s]s´-∂mWv AXv kw`-hn-®-Xv. FXnsc h∂ Po∏v \nb{¥Ww hn´v in¬]-bpsS AΩsb X´n-sØ-dn-∏n-®p. Bip-]-{XnbnseØp-∂-Xn\v apºmbn Xs∂ Ah¿ ac-W-a-S-™p. in¬] tImtfPv hn´v ho´n-se-Øn-bXpw Cu hnhcw Adn-™Xpw Hcp-an-®m-bn-cp∂p. in¬] hmhn´v \ne-hn-fn®v Hcp {`m¥n-sb-t∏mse Atßm-´p-antßm´pw ]mbm≥ XpS-ßn. hnhcw tI´v h∂v Iq´w IqSn \n∂h¿°m¿°pw Ahsf Biz-kn-∏n°mt\m AS-°n-bn-cpØphmt\m Bbn-√. Ahƒ \neØp InS∂pcpfp-hm\pw apSn hen®p ]dn-°m\pw XpS-ßn-b-t∏mƒ Btcm sN∂v Ahsf ]nSn-®-a¿Øn. HSp-hn¬ Hcp A]-kvamc tcmKn-sb-t∏mse Ahƒ aq¿—n®p hoWp. AΩ-bpsS t]mÃvtam¿´w Ign™ arX-tZlw IÆp-Xp-d∂p ImWm≥ t]mepw Ahƒ°p Ign-™n-√. HSp-hn¬ Xs∂ ImWn-°msX \m´p-Im¿ AXv

AS°w sNbvXpsh∂ hnh-c-amWv t_m[w sXfn-™-t∏mƒ Ahƒ Adn-™-Xv. Ahƒ ivaim-\-`q-an-bnte°v ]ms™-¶nepw At∏m-tg°pw AhnsS IqSn-b-h¿ Ahsf ]nSn-®n-cpØp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Znh-k-߃ Ign-™p. temIØnse G‰hpw henb Zp:Jw A\p-`-hn-°p∂ Bƒ Xm\m-sW∂ Nn¥-bn¬ in¬] ho´n¬ Xs∂ Ign™p. Aß-s\-bn-cns° Ah-fpsS Kpcp-P-\-ßfpw kXo¿∞ycpw Ahsf ImWm≥ sN∂p. Ahƒ Xs‚ Zb-\ob ÿnXnbpw GIm-¥Xbpw Ah-cpsS apºn¬ \ncØn \ne-hn-fn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Ah-fpsS ÿnXn-tbm¿Øv F√m-hcpw Ic™p. hr≤-bmb AΩqΩsbmgnsI Bcp-an√mØ ÿnXn. ]cn-k-c-ß-fn-se√mw kpJ-I-c-a-√mØ A¥-co-£w. c≠pt]¿°pw IjvSn®p Pohn-°m≥ AΩqΩ-bpsS kzØp-s≠¶nepw Bcmcpw XpW-bn-√mØ `oXn-P-\-I-amb B Np‰p-]m-SmWv Ahsf Gsd Atemk-c-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. kXo¿∞ycpsS Bizm-k- hm°p-Ifpw Kpcp-P-\ß-fpsS klmb hmKvZm-\-ßfpw Ah-fpsS XI¿∂ lrZ-b-Øns‚ NnX-dp-Isf H∂n®p tN¿°p-hm≥ Hs´ms° klm-b-I-am-sb-¶nepw Ah-fpsS H‰-s∏-S-en\v {]Xn-hn-[n-bmbn-√. F¶nepw ]T-\-Øn¬ D’p-Ibm-bn-cp∂ in¬] kXo¿∞y-cp-sam∂n®v ¢mkn¬ t]m°v ]p\-cm-cw-`n®p. ""Upw ! Upw ! Upw !'' cm{Xn-bpsS ac-hn-∏n-°p∂ \ni-_vZ-X-bn¬ `qX-Im-e-Øn-eqsS Dufn-bn-´n-d-ßnb in¬]-bpsS ImXpI-fn¬ Btcm hmXn-en¬ ap´p∂ i_vZw h∂-e-®p. Ahƒ BZyw H∂p sR´n. ]n∂oSv ss[cyw kw`cn®v InS-∂n-SØv \ns∂-Wo‰v sR°phn-f-s°-Sp-Øp. Bam-Xncn cm{Xn kabØv Bcm-bn-cn°mw ho´ns‚ hmXnen¬ ap´p-∂-sX∂v F{X Btem-Nn®n´pw Ahƒ°v ]nSpØw In´n-bn-√. apºv AΩ-bpsS i_vZw h∂v ImXne-e-®Xp t]mse-bp≈ tXm∂-em-bncn-°ptam ? tdmUns‚ Hmcw tN¿∂mWv hoSv. h√ {`m¥≥am-cp-ambn-cn-°ptam ? thZ-\-sIm≠v ]pf™v


]pf-™v AΩqΩ an\p-´p-Iƒ°v apºmWv Dd-ßn-b-Xv. AXn-\m¬ Ahsc DW¿Øn-°q-Sm. F¥p sNøW-sa-∂-dn-bmsX Ahƒ ]I-®p\n¬°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ ho≠pw ""Upw... Upw... Upw...'' Ahƒ sR°p-hn-f°a¿Øn B hnj-°p-∏n-bn-te°v ho≠pw ho≠pw t\m°n. AXv Xs∂ amSn-hnfn-°p-I-bmtWm ? ""Atem-k-c-߃ \nd™ Cu temIØv \n∂v, ieyw sNø-s∏-Sp∂ \ns‚ ho´n¬ \n∂v, \n -lm-b-X-bpsS Cu A¥-co-£Øn¬ \n∂v, Zmcn{Zy-Øns‚ ]nSnbn¬ \n∂v \n\°pw \ns‚ AΩqΩbv°pw Rm≥ ap‡n- X-cmw'' F∂v B hnj-°p∏n au\-ambn kqNn-∏n°p-∂Xv t]mse Ahƒ°p tXm∂n. ""CXm hcq, Fs∂ ]pW-cq, ]m\w sNøq, c≠p \nan-j-tØ-s°mcp ]nSb¬, AtXmsS F√mw Xocpw. _m°n-sb√mw \m´p-Im¿ t\m°ns°m-≈pw.'' B hnj-°p∏n Ahsf D¬t_m-[n-∏n-°p-∂Xp t]mse. Upw... Upw... Upw... Ahƒ c≠pw I¬∏n®v P\¬ Xpd∂p sR°p-hn-f°v \o´n-bSn-®p. A¿≤-\-·-\mb Hcp a≤y-h-bkvI≥. Ahƒ Abmsf Xncn-®-dn™p. ]W-°m-c-\m-Wv. \m´n¬ A¥ p-≈-bmƒ. cm{Xn-bpsS adhp ]‰n Xm\pw AΩq-Ωbpw am{X-ap≈ Cu sIm®p IpSn-en-te°v Xs‚ \n -lmbX apX-se-SpØv Abmƒ Zpcp-t±-iytØmsS apgpØ Ima-sh-dn-bp-ambn Ib-dn-h-∂n-cn-°p-I-bm-Wv. Pohn-°m≥ X\n-°-√, Cbmƒ°mWv A¿l-X-bn√m-Ø-sX∂v Ahƒ Xncn-®-dn-™p. A¿∞w \nd™ Hcp t\m´-tØmsS Ahƒ Abm-tfmSv ]Xps° ]d™p: "" Hcp A©p an\p´v Ign™p-h-cq... AΩq-Ωbv°v IÆn¬ Dd°w ]nSn-°p-t∂-bp-≈q. CXp-hcow Rc-ßnbpw aqfnbpw InS-°p-I-bm-bncp-∂p. Hc©p an\p´v Ign-™n´v Rm≥ hmXn¬ Xpd∂p Xcmw. {i≤n°Ww, \nc-Øn-eqsS t]mhp∂ hml-\-ß-fn¬ \n∂v Bsc-¶nepw ImWpw...'' Ahƒ P\m-e-b-S-®p. Ahƒ Xs∂ t\m°n amSn

hnfn-°p∂ hnj-°p∏n Iøn-se-SpØp. hrØn-bp≈ Hcp •m n-te°v AXp ]I¿∂v ]©-kmc tN¿Øv ]Xps° hmXn¬ Xpd∂v ]pdØv Xs‚ Ima-]q¿Øn-°mbn A£-a\mbn \n¬°p∂ a≤y-h-b-kvIs\ AI-tØ°v hnfn®p hcp-Øn. "CXm CXßp tam¥n-bm¬ F√m-Øn\pw AXns‚ ]q¿Æ ckw In´pw' F∂p ]d-™v Ahƒ •mkv Abm-fpsS t\sc \o´n. Abmƒ Ahƒ ]d-bp-∂-sX¥pw A\p-k-cn°m≥ ]mI-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m¬ •mkv hmßn H‰ tam¥-en\v F√mw AI-Øm-°n. i‡n-tb-dnb hnjw AIØp sN∂-tXmsS AbmfpsS a´pw `mhhpw amdn-Øp-S-ßn. Hc-´-lmk-tØmsS Abmƒ \new ]Xn-®p. Ahƒ hmXn-e-S®p ]pd-Øn-d-ßn-bn´v Hcp al-Ømb k¬IrXyw sNbvXXns‚ \n¿hr-Xn-tbmsS ASp-Øp≈ h\nXm t]meo-tÃ-j-\n-te°v ]pds∏-´p. sh{]m-f-Øn¬ Xs‚ hgn-Im-´nbmb sR°p-hn-f°v FSp-°m≥ {i≤n-°m-Xn-cp∂ Ahƒ°v ]q¿Æ N{μn-Ibpw \£-{X-ßfpw apI-fn¬ \n∂v hgn ImWn-®p. kaq-l-Ønse Xn∑-Iƒs°-Xn-cn¬ s]mcp-Xp∂ Hcp t]mcm-fn-bpsS thj-tØmsS Ahƒ tÃj-\nseØn Imcy-߃ hnkvXcn®p sImSp-Øp. Xs‚ ho´n¬ A¿≤-cm-{Xnbn¬ a≤y-h-b-kvI-\mb Hcmƒ A¿≤-\-·-\mbn Ib-dn-h-∂n-´ps≠∂pw Abm-fpsS Iøn¬ Hcp Ip∏nbpw •m pw D≠m-bn-cp-∂psh∂pw Xm≥ Abmsf apdn-bn-em°n hmXn-e-S-®n-´mWv hcp-∂-sX∂pw X\n°`bw X∂v Abmsf AdÃv

sNø-Ws - a-∂p-amWv Ahƒ t]meokptZym-K-ÿsc [cn-∏n-®-Xv. t]meo-kp-Im¿ in¬]-bpsS IqsS Ah-fpsS ho´n-te°v Xncn-®p. ASp°pwtXmdpw ITn\amb thZ\bn¬ \n∂p ]pd-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp tcmZ\w tIƒ°p-I-bm-bn. ASp-sØØn-bt- ∏m-tg°pw Abmƒ A¥yizmkw hen®p Ign-™n-cp∂p. s]¨Ip-´nsb am\-`w-K-s∏-SpØm≥ h∂ a≤y-h-b-kvI≥ Ahƒ hnk-Ω-Xn-t®m-Sn-b-Xns\ XpS¿∂v Ah-fpsS ho´n¬ IpSpßn hnjw Ign®v Bfl-lXy sNbvX-Xmbn ]nt‰ Znhkw t]meokvtÃj-\n¬ \n∂v ]{X-߃°v hm¿Ø In´n. in¬] am[y-a-ß-fn¬ ÿew ]nSn-®p. Ahƒ [ocbpw iqcbpw _p≤n-a-Xn-bp-ambn hmgvØ-s∏-´p. Ah-fp-am-bp≈ apJm-apJw ]{X-ßfnepw Sn.-hn.-bnepw \nd™p \n∂p. X\n°p Pohn-°-W-sa∂pw kaq-lØn¬ ]eXpw sNøm≥ X\n°h-kc-ap-s≠∂pw a\- n-em-°nb in¬] ]T-\-Ønepw s]mXp {]h¿Ø-\Ønepw {i≤n®v PohnXw A¿∞-hØm-°n. Xs‚ ]cn-h¿Ø-\-Øn\v Ah-k-c-sam-cp-°nb B hnj-°p∏n Ahƒ Hcp kvacyhkvXpsht∂mWw Ae-am-cb - n¬ kq£n®p sh®p. A∏p-dsØ apdnbn¬ CsXm∂pw Adn-bm-\m-hmsX Xs‚ thZ\ Xs∂ X\n°p {][m-\sa∂ a´n¬ AΩqΩ Rc-ßnbpw aqfnbpw InS-∂p. X\n-°n∂v [ocbpw _p≤n-a-Xn-bp-amb Hcp t]c-a-I-fpsS Iq´p-s≠∂ hnhcw t]mepw Adn-bmsX. *

*

]\n-\o¿s®Snsb-t∏mse \o \ns‚ Bbp[w Npa-en¬ hln-°pI F¶n¬ \n\bv°p \ns‚ ]q°sf at\m-lc - a - mbn {]Z¿in-∏n-°mw. ˛\nkm-an˛

87

*


au\-Ønse IhnX {]im-¥v sI.-Pn. ss^\¬ _n.-tImw.

\ns‚ au\-Øn¬ Rm≥ hmbn® Imhy-X√ - P - ß - ƒ F{X D÷zew, hmNmew ! \ns‚ IÆp-I-fpsS hywKy `mj A£cw{]Xn Rm\pƒs°m-≠t- ∏mƒ AsX{Xam{Xw A¿∞-K¿`w ! AsXs∂ Hm¿Ω-bpsS Xmfp-If - n-eqsS ]n∂m°w \SØn. acn® kvarXn-I-fpsS NnX-bn¬ \n∂v F{Xtbm ^o\nIvkp ]£n-Iƒ At∂cw Fs‚ Pohn-Xm-Im-iØ - n-te°v Nnd-I-Sn®p ]d-∂p-b¿∂Xv Rm≥ l¿tjm-jvaf - \ - mbn t\m°n t\m°n \n∂p. ]s£ \ns‚ au\-Im-hysØ Rm≥ GXp {]ÿm-\-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-SpØn FÆWw : ¢mkn-Iv, sdmam‚n-Iv, dnb-enÃn-Iv, k¿dn-b-en-Ãn-Iv, B[p-\n-Iw, DØ-cm-[p-\n-Iw, DØ-tcm-Ø-cm-[p-\nIw CXn-te-Xn¬, GXn¬?

80

88


\n-»_ - Zv X - b - psS ktμiw apl-ΩZv \q¿ Fw. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

`qapJsØ ssPh-ssh-hn[yw t\cn- S p∂ `oj- W n- b psS ]›mØeØnemWv sFIy-cmjv{S k` 2010 ssPh-ssh-hn[y h¿j-ambn {]Jym-]n®Xv. B Ah-k-c-Øn¬ Xs∂-bmWv ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-Øns‚ {]m[m\yw Fs¥∂v tIc-fo-bsc ]Tn-∏n® Ncn{X-{]-[m-\-amb sske‚ vhmen sNdpØp-\n¬∏n-s‚ hnPb{]m]vXn-bpsS cPX Pq_n-enbpw \S∂-Xv. hnI-k\w F¥psIm≠v {]Ir-

Xn°v FXn-cm-bn-°qSm F∂ Aaqey ]mT-amWv sske‚ h v men kwc-£Ww hgn \mw temI-Øn\v \¬In-bX - v. h\ß-fpsS ]mcn-ÿn-Xn-I˛- k - m-aq-ln-I˛- k - mº-ØnI {]m[m-\ysØ Ipdn®v tI´dn-sh-¶nepw D≈-h¿ sske‚ vhmensb∂ Aaqey ssPh-ssh-hn[y h\ta-Je kwc-£n-°s - ∏-´X - n¬ Biz-kn®n-cn-°p-sa∂ Imcyw Xo¿®-bm-Wv. {]kvXpX taJ-esb ssPh sshhn [y DZym-\a - mbn {]Jym-]n-®X - n¬ BÀm-

Zn-®pan-cn-°pw. Nne H‰-s∏´ ]cn-ÿnXn {]h¿ Ø-I¿ tIc-f-Øn-s‚bpw C¥y-bnse CXc {]tZ- i - ß - f p- s Sbpw hnhn[ tImWp-I-fn¬ \n∂v A¥m-cmjv{S {i≤ ]nSn-®p-]‰pw hn[-Øn¬ sske‚ v h men- b psS kwc- £ - W Øns‚ A\n-hm-cyX FSp-Øp-Im´n apd-hnfn Iq´n-bXpw AXv Gs‰-Sp-°m≥ am{Xw i‡-amb Hc-ht- _m[w ChnsS hf¿Øn-sb-Sp-Ø-Xp-amWv sske‚ v hmen-bpsS \io-I-cWw \S-°msX t]mb-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ Imc-W-ambn h¿Øn-®-Xv. ]me-°mSv Pn√-bnse aÆm¿ °m´p \n∂v Npcw Ib-dn- ap°m-en-bnseØn CS-tØm´p Xncn™v Zp¿L-Sam- b - s X- ¶ nepw sNdnb Hcp bm{X sIm≠v sske‚ vhmen-bn-se-Ømw. h¿j-Øn¬ icm-icn 4600 an.-ao. ag e`n-°p-∂p≠v Chn-sS. 1840 apX¬ 1947 hsc-bp≈ Ime-b-f-hn-\p-≈n¬ ]e {_n´ojv Kth-jI - cpw sske‚ v hmenbn¬ ]T\w \S- Ø p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. Aßs\ ]pXnb 21 C\w kky-߃ AhnsS Is≠-Øn. 1970-˛80 ImeØv

89


kpthm-f-Pn-°¬ k¿sΔ Hm^v C¥ybnse Kth-j-I¿ 20 C\w ]pXnb Pohn- I sf Is≠- Ø p- I - b p- ≠ m- b n. AXy-]q¿Δ-amb A¬tkm-Wnb dq_nPn-\, an{Im-km-ekv Xºn F∂o Xhf-bn-\-߃ AXn¬ s]Sp-∂p. hwi\miw t\cn-Sp∂ knwl-hm-e≥ Ipcßv Dƒs∏sS 315 C\w Pohn-Iƒ Ahn-sSbp- ≈ - X mbn Is≠- Ø n- b n- ´ p- ≠ v. Cßs\ t\m°n-bm¬ sske‚ vhmen tIc-fo-b¿°v \¬I-s∏´ hen-sbmcp {]Ir-Xn-k-º-Øm-sW∂v \ap°v a\ n-em-°mw. GXv taJ-e-bn¬ KthjWw \S-Øptºmgpw A]q¿Δ-ßf - mb ]pXnb C\-߃ AhnsS Kth-jI - ¿°v Is≠-Øm\m-hp-∂p. sske‚ vhmen-bptSXv \ni-_vZ-amb Hcp ktμ-i-am-Wv. ssPh-sshhn-[y-Øns‚ kwc-£Ww F{X- a m{Xw {][m- \ - s ∏- ´ XmWv F∂-Xns‚ hmNm-eamb au\-k-tμ-iw. ]s£ AXpƒs°m-≈m≥ Xm¬°menI t\´-ßf - n¬ am{Xw IÆp shbv ° p∂ B¿Øn ]q≠ \ΩpsS \m´p-Im¿ Xøm-dm-Ip-∂ns√-∂X - mWv ]c-am¿∞w. X߃ °p Np‰p-ap≈ {]Ir-Xnsb A\p`-hn-°p-Ibpw Bkz-Zn-°p-Ib - p-a√ A{I-an-°p-I-bm-W-h¿. {]Ir-Xnsb hnIr-X-am-°n-bmepw Xß-fpsS [\-kºm-Zt- \m-]m-[n-bmb hyh-kmbw \S-°pItb Ah¿°p th≠q. h\wsIm≈°mcpw aW¬am^n- b - I - f p- s a√mw CØcw Ip‰-hm-fn-I-fpsS kwL-SnX {Kq∏p-I-fm-Wv. Ch-sc-sbm∂pw ^e-{]Z-ambn t\cn-Sm≥ k¿°m-cp-Iƒ°m-hmØXv Bflm¿∞-X°p-dhv sIm≠p Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°W - w. \nb-a] - m-eI - c - psS ]nSn-bn¬ s]Sp∂ CØ-c-°msc kwc-

£n-°p-∂-h¿ amdn amdn hcp∂ `c-WIq-Sß - sf \nb-{¥n-°p∂ I£n-If - n-ep≠m-hp-∂n-S-tØmfw Imew Fßs\ ^e-{]-Za - mb t\cn-Se - p-Iƒ°p Ignbpw? \n£n]vXXm¬]-cy-°m-c√ - mØ P\-ßsf H∏w \n¿Øn {]Ir-Xn-bpsS kwc-£-Wm¿∞w {]h¿Øn-t°-≠Xv bph- P - \ - ß - f psS Xm¿]- c y- a mbn amtd≠nbn-cn-°p-∂p. F¥p-sIm-s≠∂m¬ ssPh- \ m- i - Ø n- e q- s Sbpw h\\io-I-c-W-Øn-eq-sSbpw ]pg-Ifpw kap-{Zhpw A¥-co-£hpw aen-\-s∏-

Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-eq sSbpw Db¿∂p hcp∂ `ojWn _m[n-°pI Ah¿°p Pohn-®p-h-fcm\p≈ kml-N-cy-sØ-bm-Wv. ip≤hmbp izkn-°m≥ In´msX {]Xn-k‘n-bn-eI-s∏-SpI Ah-cpsS `mhn-bmWv . apXn¿∂- h ¿°pw BUw_c PohnXw CjvS-s∏-Sp∂ {]`p-°ƒ°pw ASpØ Xe- a p- d - b psS `mhn- \m- i tØmSv F{X-am{Xw ASp-Øp-sIm-≠ncn-°p∂p F∂ Imcyw a\- n-em-hn-√. a\-   n- e m- b m¬t]mepw Ah¿°Xv hnj- b am- h n- √ . ImcWw Ah¿°v

Xß-fpsS kzm¿∞-X-bpsS ]qcWw In´n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂m¬ aXn. AXv In´ns°m-≠n-cn-°p∂Xv hyhkm b hf¿®bn-eq-sS-bmWv; at\m-l-c-amb {]mkmZ-ß-fn¬ kpJ-Po-hnXw \bn-°p-∂-Xneq-sS-bm-Wv. AtX kabw bph-P-\߃ hyh-km-bn-If - mbn°gn-™n-´n-√mØn-S-tØmfw Imew Ah¿°nXv a\ n-em-Ipw. A`y-kX v h - n-Zy-cm-bn-s°m-≠ncn-°p∂ Ah¿°v F¥mWv {]Ir-Xnsb-∂mse∂pw AXv Fßs\ hn\mi- h n- t [- b - a m- b n- s °m- ≠ n- c n°p∂psh∂pw {Kln-°p-∂Xn\v a‰p XS- -ß-fp-≠m-hn√. Xßsf A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn°m-\n-cn°p∂ tLmc-hn-]Øns‚ hen∏w Ah¿ kzbw Dƒs°m-≈pw. F∂m¬ bph-P-\-߃ X߃ Nn¥n-®p-sIm-SpØXv A∏Sn {]tbm-Kn®m¬ aXn F∂ \n¿_‘w apXn¿∂-h¿ sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-tºmƒ CXpw km[y-a-√msX hcpw. AXn-\m¬ bph- P - \ - ß ƒ XßfpsS akv X n- j v I - ß sf kzX-{¥-am°n \n¿Øm≥ ioen-®n-cn-°Ww. apXn¿∂-h-cpsS D]-tZiw aXn Ah¿°v, \ne-]m-Sp-Iƒ Ah¿ kzbw cq]o-I-cn-°-s´. sske‚ vhmen-bpsS Cu \ni_vZ ktμiw \ΩpsS \m´p-Im¿ Dƒs°m-s≠-¶nte \ΩpsS ]cn-ÿnXn-bp-sSbpw ssPh-ssh-hn-[y-ß-fpsSbpw kwc-£Ww \n¿Δ-ln-°m≥ \ap°p Ign- b q. sFIy- c mjv { Sk`bpsS ta¬]-d™ h¿jm-N-cWw A Xn\p klm-b-I-c-am-bn-Øo¿∂pthm?

Dbcw

82

s\t∏m-fn-b≥ t_mW-∏m´v Hcn-°¬ Npa-cn¬ Db-cØv Xq°n-bn´ t¢ms°-SpØv XpS-®p-sh-°m≥ {ian-°ptºmƒ Isø-ØmsX hnj-an-°p-∂Xp I≠ AwK-c-£-I≥ ""F\n°v Aß-sb-°mƒ Db-c-ap-≈-Xp-sIm≠v t¢m°v Rm≥ bYm-ÿm-\Øv Dd-∏n-®p-sh-®p-sIm-≈mw'' F∂p ]d-™p. s\t∏m-fn-b\v tZjyw h∂p. At±lw ]d™p: ""hnUvVo, am∏v ]dbq. X\n°v Ft∂-°mƒ Db-c-an-√. Ipd®p s]m°-ta-bp-≈q.

90


imcZ apl-ΩZv Akvew kn. ss^\¬ _ntImw.

lrZ-b-t`-Z-I-amb B IY C∂pw CS-bv°nsS Bh ¿Øn-®v A]q¿Æ-Xb - n¬ \ndpØn-s°m≠v tcmjw sIm≈pI Abmƒs°mcp {Iqc-hn-t\mZw t]mse-bm-Wv. At∏m-sg√mw Xs‚ {]W-bn\n-bpsS PohnXw XI¿°p-Ih - gn Xs∂ sIm√ms°me sNbvX B I¬a-j-t\m-Sp≈ AS-ßmØ Aa¿jw a\p-jy-cm-insb H∂-S¶w Np´p-Nm-ºe - m-°m≥ am{Xw NqtSmsS Abm-fn¬ ASn-apSn IØn-Pz-en-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw. a\p-jy≥ F∂p tI´m¬ Abmƒ ]p—-tØmsS Im¿°n-®p-Xp-∏n-s°m≠v Xs‚ \ockw Cßs\ {]I-Sn-∏n-°pw: ""Gbv Aß-s\-sbm∂v Cu `qan-bn-en-√. ChnsS c≠p-Im-en¬ \S-°p∂ Iptd arKß-tf-bp≈q''. GXm≠v ]Xn-\mdv h¿jw apºmWv iin imc-Z-bpambn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sm-\n-S-bm-b-Xv. tIm´-bØv Hcp Iº-\n-bn¬ tPmen sNbvXp-hc - n-Ib - m-bn-cp∂ Xs‚ A—s\ ImWm≥ CSbv°nsS Ah≥ AhnsS t]mIp-am-bn-cp-∂p. Hgn-hp-≈-t∏mƒ A—s‚ IqsS Znh-kß - ƒ sNe-hg- n-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. Zqchpw tPmen-Øn-c°pw ImcWw A—\v Ahs‚ AΩ-sbbpw a‰pa-°-sf-bp-sams° h∂p ImWm≥ amk-߃°p tijta km[n-®n-cp-∂p-≈q. B AI-∂p-\n¬]n-s\m-c-dpXn ImWm≥ tIm´-bs - Ømcp hoSv hmßn F√m-hs - cbpw Atßm-s´-Øn-°W-sa-∂Xv A—s‚ Nnc-Im-em-`n-em-j-am-bn-cp-∂p. \m´nse hoSpw ]d-ºp-sam∂pw hn¬°msX Xs∂ AXv km[n-°-Wsa-∂m-bn-cp∂p A—s‚ B{K-lw. F√mw hn‰p -]n-cn-™p-

t]m-bm¬ \mSp-am-bp≈ _‘w A∏msS A‰p-t]m-Ip-sa∂ `b-am-bn-cp∂p AXn\p Imc-Ww. amk-߃°p tij-ap≈ A—s‚ Hmtcm h∂p-t]m°ns‚ thf-bnepw Hcp-]mSv IÆp-\o¿ B IpSpw-_-Øn-se Hmtcm AwKhpw Hgp-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. FØp-∂-]msS A—≥ iin-bpsS A\n-b-Ønsb hmcn-∏p-W¿∂v Xpcp-Xpcm DΩ-sh°pw. Ah-fm-Is - ´ a©m-Sn-°pcp kw`-cn-®p-sh-°p-∂Xp t]mse Ah-fpsS F√m kvt\l-{]-IS- \ - ß - fpw Cu ]p\ am-Ka thfIfn-te°v \o°n-sh-°pIbm-bn-cp∂p ]Xn-hv. AtXm-tcm-∂mbn ]pd-sØ-SpØp {]tbm-Kn-°p-∂Xv AΩ \nd-I-Æp-I-tfmsS t\m°n-\n¬°pw. HSp-hn¬ iin-bpsS A—≥ tIm´-bs - Ømcp hoSv hmßn IpSpw-_mw-K-ß-sf-sb-√m-h-scbpw Atßm-´p -sIm-≠p-t]m-bn. D‰-hc - p-ambpw \m´nse Iq´p-Im-cp-ambpw th¿]n-cn-bp-Is - b-∂Xv iin°pw IpSpw-_Ø - n\pw AXy¥w thZ-\m-P\ - I - a - m-bn-cp-∂p. A{X-am{Xw ASp-∏hpw kvt\lhpw Ah-t\mSpw IpSpw-_tØmSpw Ah¿s°-√m-h¿°p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. th¿]m-Sns‚ L´Øn-emWv Ah-\Xv icn°pw a\- n-em-°n-b-Xv. Ah-s‚bpw IpSpw-_-Øn-s‚bpw th¿]m-Sn¬ hnßn-s∏m-´p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Ab¬]-°-Øp-≈-h-sc-√m-h-cpw. Iq´p-Imcpw kl-]m-Tn-Ifpw Kƒ^n-tet°m at‰m Ab-°p∂ {]XoXn P\n-∏n-®p-sIm-≠mW-hs\ bm{X-bm-°n-bX - .v _ n¬ Ibdn tIm´-bt- Ø°p Xncn°p-tºmƒ a\- ns\ P∑-\mSv ]nt∂m-´p -]n-Sn-®p-h-en-°p∂

91


A\p-`h - a - m-bn-cp-∂p- Hmtcm C©v apt∂m-´p-\o-ßp-tºmgpw Ah\v. tIm´-bØv A—s‚ tPmenÿe-Øp-\n∂v A[nIw Zqc-Ø-√mØ Hcn-S-Øm-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS ]pXnb hoSv. Ah‚-Ωbv°pw A\n-b-Øn°pw a‰pw ]pXnb A¥-co-£-hp-ambn CW-ßn-t®-cm≥ Znh-k-ß-sf-Sp-Øp-sh-¶nepw h√-t∏mgpw A—s\ ImWm≥ sN√p-∂-Xn-eqsS D≠m-°n-sb-SpØ ap≥]cn-N-b-Øns‚ ]n≥_-e-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂-Xp-sIm≠v GXp ImcyØn\pw ap∂n-en-dßn Xs‚ ]cn-kc hnhcw iin shfn-s∏Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. Aßs\ Hcp Rmb-dmgvN A—≥ AΩ-sb-°q´n ]pdsØ-hn-sStbm t]mbn. iin X\n-®m-bn-cp∂p ho´n¬. A∏pdØpw C∏p-d-Øp-ap≈ hoSp-Iƒ ]eXpw {InkvXym-\n-I-fp-sSXm-bn-cp-∂p. Ah-sc-√m-hcpw ]≈n-bn-te°pw \oßn-bn-cp-∂p. s]s´∂v I\Ø ag s]bvXp. iin P\-en¬ IqSn ag-Øp≈n-I-fpsS Xmfw {i≤n®v Aßs\ Ccn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. s]mSp-∂s\ Btcm A∏p-dØ - p≈ ho´n¬ \n∂v P\¬ Xpd∂v FØn-t\m-°p-∂-Xp-I-≠p. Hcp s]¨Ip-´n-bpsS apJ-am-bncp∂p AsX∂v H‰-t\m-´-Øn¬ Ah\v a\- n-em-bn. At∏m-gtØ°pw B P\¬ s]s´-∂S- b - p-∂Xpw D≈n¬ \n∂v Fs¥ms°tbm iIm-ch - m-°p-Iƒ ]pd-Øp-hc - p-∂Xpw tI´p. \√ N¥ap≈ Hcp s]¨Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp∂p AXv. Ahƒ A]-cn-Nn-X\mb Xm\p-ambn irwK-cn-°p-Ib - mtWm F∂v Icp-Xn-bm-hWw apXn¿∂-h-cmtcm h∂p P\-e-S-®Xpw Ahsf iIm-cn-®-Xp-sa∂-h≥ a\- n-em-°n. ag Ipd-™-t∏mƒ B s]¨Ip´n IpSbpw NqSn ]pdØn-d-ßp-∂Xv iin {i≤n-®p. Ah-fpsS Hmtcm t\m´hpw Ne\hpw Ahsf Xs‚ a\- n-te°p ]nSn-®m-gvØp-∂-Xp-t]mse iin°p tXm∂n. Xnf-°-ap≈ IÆp-Iƒ, sNº-I-∏q-t]mse c‡-{]-km-Za - p≈ \ndw, XpSpØ apJw, IdpØp Xnßn hf¿∂ Xe-ap-Sn, \o≠p-b¿∂ \mkn-I. iin ho≠pw ho≠pw Ahsf t\m°n. Ah≥ Ah-fp-ambn {ItaW ASp-°m≥ B{K-ln®p. ImWp-∂X - n\pw ]cn-Nb - s - ∏-Sp-∂X - n\pw Ah-kcw krjvSn°m≥ sIm≠p-{i-an-®p. {ItaW Ab¬hm-kn-Isf∂ \nebn¬ hf¿∂p-h∂ _‘w Ahsc c≠p-t]-scbpw Ian-Xm-°fm°n am‰nbX-h-c-dn-™p. AXm-bn-cp∂p iin-bp-sSbpw imcZ-bpsSbpw {]W-b-_-‘-Øns‚ H∂mw L´w. imc-Z-bpsS tPyjvT-Øn°v Ieym-Wm-tem-N\ h∂Xv Bbn-S° - m-W.v Imcy-ßs - f√mw s]s´∂v Xocp-am-\a - m-bn. IeymW-Im-cy-Øn¬ Ab¬]° _‘w icn°pw D]-tbm-K-s∏SpØn imc-Zt- bm-sSm∏w iin kPo-ha - mbn cwK-Øn-dß - n. AXn\n-S-bn¬ Ccp-h¿°pw ]c-kv]cw ssIam-dm-\p-≈Xv Ah¿ ssIam-dn. Aßs\ \mfp-Iƒ ho≠pw \oßn. imc-Z-bpsS ]Tn∏v GXm≠p Xocm-dm-bn. Ccp-h¿°p-an-S-bnse ASp∏w {i≤m-hn-j-bhpw kwkm-c-hn-j-b-hp-ambn hcn-I-bm-Wv. AXn\n-S-bn¬ imcZ iin-tbm-sSmcp Imcyw ]d-™p: ""GS-Øn°v Fs∂-t∏mse N¥-an-s√∂v Ah-fpsS `¿Ømhv Ft∂m-Sn-Sbv°nsS ]d-bm-dp-≠v. Abm-fpsS kwkm-c-Ønepw t\m´-Ønep-sams° Ft¥m- ]-¥n-tISv ImWp-∂p. Rms\¥m sNtø≠Xv?'' ""Gbv Aß-s\-sbm∂pw Nn¥n-°-cp-Xv. AsXms°

84

92

shdpw tXm∂-em-bn-cn-°pw. Abmƒ Xami ]d-bp-I-bm-bn-cn°pw. \o AX{X Imcy-am-t°≠''. iin Ahsf ]d™p kam-[m-\n-∏n-°p-tºmgpw Ah-ƒ Xs‚ kwibw amdm-Ø a´n¬ \n¬°p-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p. Hcp Ccp≠ Znh-kw. B™p-ho-ip∂ Im‰v. ac-߃ \new-s]m-Øp-∂p. Ft¥m B]Øv ]pd-s∏-Sp-∂-Xp-t]m-se. imcZ Ah- f psS ho´n¬ X\n- ® m- b n- c p- ∂ p. Ft¥m Assk≥sa‚n¬ apgp-In-bn-cn-°p-Ib - m-fW - h - ƒ. AXn\nS-bn¬ \o≠ Hcp tImfnw-Kvs_¬. imZc HmSn-s®∂v hmXn¬ Xpd∂p. GS-Øn-bpsS `¿Ømhv X\n-®v. Ahƒ ]cn-{`m-¥-bm-bn. AIØp Ibdn Abmƒ hmXn-e-S-®p. imc-Z°v H∂pw ]dbm≥ Ah-kcw In´n-bn-√. ""Ft¥ tN®n t]m∂n√'' F∂p tNmZn-®-t∏m-g-tØ°pw Ahƒ Abm-fpsS Ic-h-e-b-Øn-ea¿∂p Ign-™n-cp-∂p. Ah-fpsS \ne-hnfn tIƒ°m≥ Npacp-Iƒ am{Xw. \nan-j-߃°p-≈n¬ F√mw Ign-™p. ""C\n Rm≥ t]mIp-∂p. CXv a‰mcpw Adn-bc - pXv. Adn™m¬ \ns‚ tN®n-bpsS IY Rm≥ Ign°pw'' C{Xbpw ]d™v Abmƒ Ahn-sS-\n-∂n-d-ßn. Aßs\ \mfp-Iƒ \oßn. Abm-fpsS _oPw imc-ZbpsS DZ-c-Øn¬ Afi-hp-ambn tN¿∂v {`qW-ambn amdn. Ahƒ iin-tbmSv am{Xw F√mw Xpd-∂p-]-d-™p. K¿` e£Ww I≠ Ah-fpsS ho´p-Im¿ iinsb kwi-bn-®p. AtXmsS Ahƒ F¥p-sN-ø-W-sa-∂-dn-bmsX hnj-an-®p. iinsb ImWm≥ Ahƒ°p-]ns∂ A\p-hm-Ztam Ah-kc - tam C√m-Xm-bn. bmYm¿∞yw ]pdØp ]d-™m¬ Xs‚ tN®nbpsS Pohn-X-amWv A]-I-S-Øn-em-hp-I. imcZ ""Bcm-Wn-Xn\p-Øc - h - mZn'' F∂p tNmZn-°p-∂h - t- cm-sS√mw ""iin-tb-´\ - √'' F∂p-am{Xw adp-]Sn ]d-™p. ho´p-Im¿ imc-Zsb Hscm-gn™ ho´n¬ Xf-®n-´p. _‘\-ÿ-bmb Ahƒ°v Poh-≥ \ne-\n¬°m-\p≈ `£Ww Ah¿ \¬In. Xs‚ DZ-c-Ønse `mchpw t]dn Ahƒ B Hgn™ ÿeØv GIm¥ XS-hdbn¬ amk-߃ Ign-™p. Hcp Ip™ns‚ Ic-®n¬ tI´ ho´p-Im¿ HmSn-sbØnbt∏m-gtØ°pw imc-Z-bpsS Ic-®n¬ \ne-®p-I-gn-™n-cp-∂p. ]cn-NcWw In´msX c‡w hm¿∂v A¥y-izmkw hen® Ahsf Ah¿ kwkvI-cn-s®-¶nepw B Ip™ns‚ \ne-hnfn Ahsc Atem-kc - s - ∏-Sp-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. Ip™ns‚ sXm´p-ka - o-]Ømbn Hcp Ipdn∏p InS-°p-∂Xv ho´p-Im¿ {i≤n-®p. AXn¬ C{]-Imcw imc-Z-bpsS ssI∏-S-bn¬ Fgp-Xn-bn-cp-∂p: "Cu Ip™ns‚ ]nXrXzw Hcn-°epw iin-tb-´-\n¬ Npa-Ø-cp-Xv. Ip™ns‚ ]nXmhv as‰m-cm-fm-W.v Abm-fpsS t]cv Rm≥ shfns∏-Sp-Øn-bm¬ F\n-°p‰ Hcp-h-fpsS Pohn-Xw- A]-I-S-Ønem-Ipw. Ft∂mSv £an-°p-I. Cu Ip™n-t\mSv IcpW ImWn®mepw' imc-Zb - psS Zp:J]-cy-hk - m-bn-bmb IY-bpsS F√m hniZmw-iß - fpw D≈n¬ hln-®p-sIm≠pw Ah-fpsS At]-£b - p≈-Xn-\m¬ am{Xw AXv ]pd-Øp-]-d-bm-sXbpw a\p-jy-cm-intbmSv H∂-S¶w \nμ -{]-I-Sn-∏n®pw iin C∂pw Pohn-°p-∂p. imc-Zb - psS Bflm-hn-t\mSv Bfl- `m-jWw \S-Ønbpw AhfpsS Hm¿asb a\- n¬ Xmtem-en®pw Abmƒ Ae-bp-I-bmWv. imc-Z-bpsS Hcp t{]Xw t]mse.


]cn-jI v mcn k‘y. sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

Ftßm-´p-t]m-hp∂psh∂p tNmZn-°p-In¬ Ftßm-´p-an-s√∂p sNm√n-Sp-t∂m≥; F∂n´p hml\w an∂n-s®m-cp-Øs\ sIm∂n´p \n¿ØmsX ]m™n-Sp-t∂m≥; A¬]w sImf-kvt{Smfpw jpK-dns‚ tcmKhpw ]ns∂-sbm-cn-Øncn ªUv {]jdpw; AXn-\mse Ime-sØ-gp-t∂-‰-Xn-thKw ssIImep \o´n Dem-Øn-Sp-t∂m≥; X´p-I-S-I-fn¬ tIdo´p `£Ww X´p-tºm-sg√mw ad-∂n-Sp-t∂m≥; Huj-[-tk-h-bn-eqsS {]Xn-hn[n I≠n-Sm-sa∂p [cn-®n-Sp-t∂m≥; Bkz-Zn-®o-SWw ap¥n-cn-°-≈p-t]m¬ Pohn-X-sa∂p Icp-Xn-Sp-t∂m≥; Bkzm-Z\ - Ø - ns‚ am¿§-tam-tcm-∂m-bn˛ ´Xn-\m¬ ]co-£n®p X≈n-Sp-t∂m≥; G‰hpw ap¥nb sk¬t^m-sWmcp Iøn¬ adp-I-øn¬ Imdn≥ Ãnb-dnw-Kp-ambv AXn-{io-{Lw -]m-dn-∏-d∂p t]mbn-Sp-Io˛ eXn-emWv lc-sa∂p I≠n-Sp-t∂m≥; hc-Ifpw hcn-I-fp-ap-s≈mcp Soj¿´pw Po≥kpw [cn®p \S-∂n-Sp-t∂m≥; XmSn Xe-ap-Sn-bm-Zn-I-sfm-cp-hn[w tImamfn thj-Øn-em-°n-Sp-t∂m≥; F¥n-s\-∂-dn-bmsXsbmcp \qep ssIa-Wn˛ _‘-Øn¬ sI´n \S-∂nSpt∂m≥˛ Ch-\s{X ]pXn-b-tem-I-Øn¬ ]cn-jvImcn˛ bnh-s\-Xn¿ \n∂m¬ {]Xn-tem-a-Im-cn.

93


a\p-jym-h-Im-i-ß-fpsS kwc-£-Whpw ewL-\hpw APva¬ sI.-Sn. _n.-F-kv.-kn. ^nknIvkv \memw ska-ÿ

\mK-cn-IX AXns‚ D®m-hÿ - bn-seØn \n¬°p∂ C°m-eØv a\pjym-h-Im-i-ß-tfm-Sp≈ a\p-jys‚ kao- ] - \ - Ø n¬ h∂n- ´ p≈ am‰- s as¥∂p tNmZn-®m¬ Ah-bpsS ewL\-Øn\v G‰hpw ap¥nb Bbp-[-߃ {]tbm-Kn-°m≥ C∂p Ign-bp-∂p-sh-∂mWp-Ø-cw. GsX-¶n-ep-samcp {]tXyI cmPy- Ø nse Ah- ÿ - b - √ , temIØnse s]mXphmb Ah-ÿb - m-Wn-Xv. Bw\Ãn C‚¿\m-j-W¬ F∂ Hcp temI kw- L - S \ a\p- j ym- h - I m- i ߃°p Imh¬\n¬°m\pw AXv ewLn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xv XS-bm\pw \ne-hnep-s≠-¶nepw CS-bv°nsS Nne {]tab-߃ sIm≠p-h-cm\pw Nne-sXms° ]mkm-°m\pw {]Xn-tj[ i_vZ-ß-fpb¿Øm\pw Ign-bp-∂p-sh-∂-Xn¬Ihn™v bmsXmcp ^ehpw ImgvN-sh°m-\-Xn\p Ign-bm-dn-√.

86

94

C¥y≥ `c-W-L-S\ ]uc≥amcpsS am\p-jn-Ia - mb Ah-Im-iß - t- f-sX√m-sa∂v IrXyambn \n¿Δ-Nn®n-´p-≠v. Aßs\ ChnsS tZio-b-X-e-Ønepw kwÿm-\X - e - ß - f - nepw a\p-jym-hI - mi IΩo-j-\p-Iƒ cq]o-Ir-X-am-hp-Ibpw Ah a\p- j ym- h - I m- i - e w- L - \ - ß ƒ ssIImcyw sNøm≥ _m[y-ÿ-am-°s∏-Sp-Ibpw sNbvXn-´p-≠v. "a\p-jym-hImi IΩo-j≥ ÿe-sØØn sXfn-

sh-SpØp' "a\p-jym-h-Imi IΩo-j≥ {]Xn-tj-[n®p' F∂n-ßs\ ]{X-ßfnepw a‰p am[y-a-ß-fnepw CS-bv°nsS hm¿Ø-Iƒ ImWm≥ Ign-bp-∂-XnØcw IΩo-j-\p-I-fp-≈-Xns‚ ^e-ambn-´m-Wv. "FIvkv{Sm tIm¨Ãn-‰yq-jW¬ t_mUn' F∂ ]Z-hn-bn-emWo IΩo-j\ - p-If - p-≈X - v. `£-Ww, hkv{Xw, ]m¿∏n-Sw F∂nh a\p-jys‚ auen-I-amb Bh-


ssN\-bn¬ \n∂p≈ CØ-h-WsØ kam-[m\ s\mt_¬ tPXmhv enbq-kn-bmt_m B cmPy-Ønse a\p-jym-h-Imi ewL-\-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb t]mcm-´-Øns‚ {]Xo-I-am-Wv. aym≥adn¬ CubnsS Pbn¬ tamNn-X-bm-°-s∏´ BMvkm-Mvkq°n B cmPy-Ønse a¿±nX hn`m-KØnse t]mcm-´-Øns‚ {]Xo-I-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xp-t]mse Xs∂. iy-ßf - m-Wv. Ah-bpsS \n¿Δ-lW - Ø - n\-hs\ klm-bn-°p-I-bmWv amdn-amdn hcp∂ Kh¨sa‚p- I ƒs°√mw ChnsS sNøm-\p-≈-Xv. F∂m¬ Cu aq∂m-h-iy-ßfpw {]k-‡-am-Ip-∂Xv Pohn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Imiw kwc-£n-°s∏-Sp-tºmgm-Wv. ]s£ Pohn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-at√ B[p-\nI hyh-kmb ÿm]-\-߃°p hen-b-tXm-Xn-ep≈ kwÿm- ] - \ m- \ p- a Xn \¬Ip- ∂ Xp aptJ\ k¿°m¿ ]uc≥am¿°p \ntj-[n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv? C∂v N¿®m hnj-b-am-°-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cn°p∂ "F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥' IoS-\m-in\n-bpsS Imcyw Xs∂-sb-Sp-°mw. ]e tI{μ-ß-fn¬ \n∂pw AXn-s\-Xn-cmb ap∂-dn-bn-∏p-I-fp-≠m-bn´pw ]e ac-Wßfpw F≥tUm-kƒ^ms‚ {]tbm-K^-e-am-sW∂p sXfn-™n´pw AXv kºq¿Æ-ambn \ntcm-[n-°-W-sa∂ Bhiyw hyh- k mb tem_n- b psS Xm¬]- c ym¿∞w \ncm- I - c n- ° - s ∏- S ptºmƒ ]uc≥am-cpsS Pohn-°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-Øns‚ hyh-ÿm-]n-X-amb \ntj-[-amWv kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. A{]-Imcw Xs∂ amc-I-amb elcnhkvXp-°-fpsS D]-tbm-K-Øn\v \nb-a-Øns‚ B\p-Iq-eyhpw ]cn-c£bpw \¬Im≥ k¿°m-dp-Iƒ Xømdm-Ip-∂-Xn-eq-sSbpw ]uc≥am-cpsS Btcm-Ky-c£ - s - °-Xn-cmbn \ne-sIm-≈pIbpw AXp-ap-tJ\ Ah-cpsS Pohn°m-\p≈ Ah-Im-i-Øn-s\-Xn-cn-ep≈ `oj-Wn-bp-sS t\sc IÆ-S-°p-I-bpamWv Kh¨sa‚p- I ƒ. kztZ- i sØbpw hntZ-i-ß-fn-sebpw hyhkm b tem_n-°p-Io-gS- ßn kz¥w ]uc≥ am-cpsS Poh≥ C©n-©mbn \in-∏n-°p∂-Xn\v klm-bI-am-hp-I-bmWv `c-WIq-Sß - ƒ. B[p-\nI \mK-cn-IX - b - n¬ Ign™p-t]m∂ apX-em-fn-Øhpw IΩyq-Wnkhpw ^mkn-k-hp-sa√mw a\p-jym-h-

Im-i-߃ Nhn-´n-sa-Xn-®psIm≠p≈ s]cp-am-‰a - mWv temI-Øn¬ ImgvNs - h®n-´p-≈-Xv. P¿a-\n-bn¬ ln‰ve¿, C‰en-bn¬ apt m-fn-\n, tkmhn-b‰v bqWnb-\n¬ Ãmen≥, em‰n≥ Ata-cn-°-≥ cmPy-߃ apX¬ a[y-]u-ck - vXy-cm-Py߃ hsc-bp≈ hnhn[ CS-ß-fn¬ Ata-cn-°, Xn_-Øn¬ ssN\, ^ekvXo-\nepw se_-\m-\nepw C{kmtb¬. Cßs\ temI-Øp≈ i‡n cmPy-ß-sf√mw Xs∂ kz¥w `q{]-tZi-Øns‚ AXn¿Øn-°p-≈ntem at‰sX- ¶ nepw cmPytØm a\p- j ym- h ImiewL\w \S-Øm-Ø-Xmbn C√. ssN\-bn¬ \n∂p≈ CØ-h-WsØ kam-[m\ s\mt_¬ tPXmhv enbqkn-bmt_m B cmPy-Ønse a\p-jymh-Imi ewL-\-Øn-s\-Xn-cmb t]mcm´-Øns‚ {]Xo-I-am-Wv. aym≥a-dn¬ CubnsS Pbn¬ tamNn-X-bm-°-s∏´ BMvkm-Mvkq°n B cmPy-Ønse a¿±nX hn`m-K-Ønse t]mcm-´-Øns‚ {]Xo-Ia - m-bn-cn-°p-∂X - p-t]mse Xs∂. Hcp-Im-eØv {_n´-\m-bn-cp∂p temIØnse G‰hpw henb A[oi i‡n. A°m- e Øv A[o\ cmPy- ß - f n¬ {_n´ojv Kh¨sa‚ v ImWn® a\pjym-h-Imi ewL-\-߃°p Iøpw IW-°p-an-√. C¥y-bnse Pmen-b≥hmem-_mKpw hmK¨{Sm-PU - nbpw ae-_mdnse \n¿±ba¿±\ ]c-º-c-I-fp-sa√mw AXns‚ DZm-l-c-W-ß-fmbn Ncn-{XØn¬ ambmsX InS-∏p-≠v. Ata-cn-°, {_n´≥ XpS-ßnb km{am-Py-i-‡n-Iƒ \S-Ønb c≠v temI-al - m-bp-≤ß - f - n¬ A™q‰n F¨]Xv e£w a\p-jy¿ ac-W-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠mbn F∂v "apX-emfn-ØØ - ns‚ IdpØ ]pkvXIw' F∂ t]cn-end-ßnb {^©v IrXn-bn¬ ]dbp-∂p. A©p-\q-‰m-≠n-\nsS apX-emfnØw ÿm]n-°m≥ tImf-\n-hm-gvN°m¿ \S-Ønb tX¿hm-gN v b - n¬ BsI sIm√-s∏-´-h-cpsS FÆw 20 mw \q‰m-

≠n¬ am{Xw \qdp- an-ey-\m-Wv. C\n "UnIvtS-‰¿jn∏v Hm^v s{]men-t‰-dn-b‰v' (sXm-gn-emfn h¿K-Øns‚ ]c-am-[n-Imcw) ÿm]n-°m≥th≠n Poh≥ l\n°-s∏-´-h-cpsS IW°v ]cn-tim-[n-®mesØ ÿnXntbm? Ãmen≥ am{Xw sIm∂n-´p≠v ]Xn-s\-´p-e£w a\p-jysc. kmº-ØnIka-Xzw, kmaqlnI\o-Xn, hnizmkkzmX-{¥yw, ]uc-∑mcpsS A`n-am-\w, Btcm-Ky-c£, \nba-]-c-amb Xpey-X, hwiob sFIyw, kv{Xo˛-]p-cp-j-∑m-cpsS ka-Xzw, inipt£-aw, cmjv{SobkzmX-{¥yw, hnh-cmh-Imiw F∂n-ßs\ at\m-l-c-amb Bi-bß - ƒ {]kw-Kn-°p∂ cmjv{S-ßfpsS ap≥]-¥n-bn¬ \n¬°p∂ `c-WIq-S-߃°p Iogn-em-Wn-Øcw A{Iahpw A\o-Xnbpw \S-am-Sp-∂-Xv. Hcp-]s£ B[p-\nI cmjv{S-ß-fpsS cq]-hXvI-c-W-Øn\p apºv C{X h≥tXm-Xnep≈ \c-l-Xy-Iƒ \S-∂n-cn-°n-s√∂mWv Ncn{Xw ]cn-tim-[n-°p-tºmƒ ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I. cmPm-[n-]Xy ImeL-´-ß-fn¬ cmPm-hpw cmPm-hn-t\mSv Iqdp- ] p- e ¿Øp∂ {]P- I fpw F∂ ÿnXn P\m-[n-]Xy `c-W-hy-hÿ \ne-hn¬ h∂-t∏mƒ Htc cmPy-\n-hmknIƒ tNcn-Iƒ Xncn™p XΩn-e-Snbnepw hSw-h-en-bnepw Imew Ign°p∂ Ah-ÿ-bn-te-°t√ ]cn-W-an®n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. C∂pw a[y-Im-e-L-´Øns‚ t{]X-ß-sf-t∂mWw Ad-_ptem-IØpw a‰pw \ne-\n¬°p∂ Nne cmP-`c - W - ß - f - nse¶nepw P\-߃ ]ckv]cw HsØm-cp-ab - n-emWv s]mXpsh D≈-Xv F∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ P\m-[n-]X - yw ]cn-lm-ky-am-hp-Ib - t√ sNøp-∂Xv? a\pjymh-Im-i[ - zw-k\ - Ø - ns‚ Imcy-Øn¬ \ΩpsS {]nb-s∏´ C¥ymcm-Pyhpw H´pw ]pd-In-es - √-∂mWv IW°p-Ifpw A\p-`h - ß - fpw hnfn-t®m-Xp∂ bmYm¿∞yw. "lyqa¨ ssd‰v hm®v'

95


{]nkn-≤o-Ic - n® c≠m-bn-cØn ]Ønse dnt∏m¿´n¬ C¥y-bnse a\p-jym-hI - mi-ew-L\w hna¿i\hnt[-ba - m-bn-cp-∂p. apws_bpw Imivao-cp-sa√mw {]kvXpX dnt∏m¿´n¬ hne-bn-cp-Øs∏-Sp-Ib - p-≠mbn. aWn-∏q-cn¬ t]meokv a¿±-\-ta‰v bphmhv ac-Ws - ∏´ kw`hw dnt∏m¿´n¬ {]tXyIw ]cm-a¿ihnj-ba - m-bn-cp-∂p. c≠m-bn-cØn A©n¬ sFIycm-j{v S-k` {]kn-≤s - ∏-Sp-Ønb Hcp ]T\-dn-t∏m¿´n¬ C¥y-bnse GI-tZiw aq∂n¬ c≠p- ` mKw kv{XoI- f pw Km¿lnI]oU-\Ø - n\v Cc-bm-hp-∂h - c - msW-∂m-Wp-≠m-bn-cp-∂X - v. CX-∏Sn icnbmtWm F∂p \mw kwi-bn-®p-t]mIpw. s]¨ {`qW-˛-in-ip-l-Xy-Ifpw h¿≤n-°p-∂p-sh-∂m-bn-cp∂p dnt∏m¿´v. kuP- \ y- {]m- Y - a nIhnZym- ` ymkw cmjv{Sw hmKvZm\w sNøp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw Ip´n- I - f n¬ hen- s bmcp iX- a m\w ChnsS kvIqfn\p ]pd- Ø m- W v. Zmcn{Zyw, enwKhnth-N-\w, ssii-h-hnhm-lw, ]T-\-Ønse A\m-ÿ, {]mYan-I k - u-Ic - y-ßf - psS A`m-hhpw A]cym- ] v X n- b pw, Iem- ] w, Ac- £ n- X mhÿ XpS-ßn-b-h-sbms° CXn\p ImcW- a mW- s {X. a\p- j ym- h - I mi {]iv\-߃ ]cn-l-cn-°m≥ ^e-{]-Zamb CS-s]-S¬ \S-Øm≥ C¥y-°m-bns√∂pw sFIy-cm-jv{S-k`- °p Iognse a\p-jym-h-Imi Iu¨kn-en¬ C¥y hln-°p-∂Xv s\K-‰ohv tdmfm-sW∂pw Ip‰-Ir-Xy-߃s°-Xn-cn¬ I¿i-\\ - S- ] - Sn-bp-≠m-Ip-∂n-s√∂pw hna¿i\w hcnI-bp-≠m-bn. IÃUnac-W-߃ Gsd kw`hn-°p-∂p≠v C¥y-bn-se-∂-XmWv a‰pNne a\p-jym-hI - mi kwL-S\ - I - f - psS `mK- Ø p- \ n- ∂ p- b - c p∂ hna¿i- \ w. Chbv°p Imc-W° - m-cm-hp-∂h - ¿°v aXnbmb in£ In´p-∂n-s√-∂-Xm-Ws{X CXn\p Imc-Ww. an°-hmdpw km[m-cW-°m-cmb Bfp-If - m-Wn-Øcw kw`-hß-fn¬ Cc-I-fm-Ip-∂-Xv. ]W-°mtcm

88

Db¿∂ ]Z- h n- b n- e p- ≈ - h tcm A√. AØ-c-°m¿°v ]Whpw kzm[o-\-hpap-≈-Xp-Im-cWw Db¿∂ ]cn-K-W\ In´p∂psh∂-Xn-\m¬ Ah-cpsS `mKØp-\n-∂p≈ Ip‰-Ir-Xy-߃ s]cp-Ip∂-Xn\nXv tlXp-hm-bn-Øo-cp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. a\p-jym-hI - m-is - a-∂Xv tIh-esamcp \nba{]iv\-am-bn-cn°p∂nSØv AXv \nb-aØ - ns‚ IÆn¬s]-Sm-sXbpw s]´m¬Xs∂ c£-s∏-Sm≥ ]gp-Xp-Iƒ I≠pw ewLn-°s - ∏-Sp-It- b-bp-≈q. a\pjy-sc-√m-hcpw H∂m-sW∂pw GtIm-Zc ktlm-Zc - ß - f - m-sW-∂p-ap≈ Nn¥m-KXn ]uc-∑m¿°n-S-bn¬ \´p-h-f¿Ønbpw AXv ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n®pw AXv F√m-hcp-sSbpw hnizm-ka - m-°nbpw sIm≠p≈ kmwkvImcnI {]h¿Ø-\ß - ƒ hgn-bmWv a\p-jym-hI - mi ewL-\ß - ƒ C√mXm-°m≥ {ian-t°-≠-Xv. \nbaw Hcp \n¿_-‘n-Xm-hÿ krjvSn-°p-It- b-bp≈q. hnizm-k-amWv a\p-jys\ B¥cn-Ia - mbn am‰n-∏W - n-bp-I. a‰p-≈h - c - psS Ah-Im-i-߃ AwKo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw A\p-h-Zn-°p-Ibpw sNtø-≠Xv Hcp _m[y-X-bmbn a\- n-em-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn\p≈ A¥-co£w krjvSn-°-s∏-Sp-IbmWv th≠-Xv. CXn\v ta¬]-d™ a\:]cn-h¿Ø-\Ø - n-eq-sS-bmWv km[n°p-I. ]s£, ta¬]-d™ Xc-Øn¬ a\p-jysc XΩn¬ IÆn-tN¿°p-∂Xn\v B{i-bn-°s - ∏-tS≠ ]c-kv]c - Xm t_m[w Fßs\ krjvSn-s®-Sp-°m\mhpw? a\p-jy¿ Htc amXm-]n-Xm-°fn¬ \n∂p-¤hw sIm≠-h-cm-sW∂ aX-]c - a - mb ImgvN∏ - m-Sn-eqsS Nn¥n-s®¶nte Cu ]c-kv]-c-Xm-t_m-[-Øn-tes°-Øn-t®-cp-I-bp-≈q. apX-em-fnØ Nn¥m-KXn kzm¿∞X hf¿Øp-∂-Xn\m¬ apX-em-fn-am-cpsS kzm¿∞-Xm-]qc-WØ - ns‚ apºn¬ as‰m-cm-fpsS AhIm-ihpw ]cn-K-W-\o-bta Bhn√. imkv{Xob tkmjy-en-kØ - n¬ sXmgn-

em-fn-I-fpsS kzm¿∞-X-bm-Wn-Xn\p ]Icw sh°m-\p-≈X - v. X\n°p Imcyw t\Sm≥ sXmgn-em-fn°v apX-em-fn-bpsS F¥pw l\n-°mw. e£yw am¿KsØ \ymbo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≈pw. a\p-jys‚ GtIm-Z-c-km-tlm-Zcy t_m[hpw Cu Nn¥m-KX - n-bn-en-√. ]Icw ]cn-Wm-ak - n≤m-¥Ø - n-e[ - n-jvTn-Xa - mb Hcp P¥p-Xzt_m-[ta AXn¬ krjvSn-°-s∏-Sp-∂p≈q. a\p-jy-Xz-Øns‚Xmb At\ym\yX hf¿Øm≥ AXn-eqsS km[n-°msX-bmWv AXn-\m¬ hcn-I. Hcp-an®p sXmgn-se-Sp-°p-∂-Xn-eq-sS-bp≈ Hct\ym-\y-Xtb krjvSn-°s - ∏-Sp-Ib - p-≈q. Npcp-°-Øn¬, a\p-jy-_‘w ssZh-t_m-[Ø - ns‚ ASn-ÿm-\Ø - n¬ Du´n-bp-d∏ - n-°s - ∏-Sp-Ib - m-sW-¶n¬ am{Xam-bn-cn°pw a\p-jym-hI - m-iß - ƒ t]mdte¬-°msX ]cn-c£ - n-°s - ∏-Sp-I. aplΩZv \_n-bpsS \mb-I-Xz-Øn¬ cq]oIr-X-amb aZo\m skmssk-‰n-sb-∏-‰nbp≈ Hcp ]T\w CXv hy‡-am°n Øcp-∂-Xm-Wv. "\nß-fpsS ssZh-sam∂v, ]nXm-shm-∂v, \nß-fpsS ]nXmhpw \nßfpw Htc aÆn¬ \n∂p-¤h - n-®h - ¿, AXn-\m¬ \nß-sfm∂v' F∂p ]Tn-∏n®p-sIm≠v \_n P\-ßsf H∂n-∏n-®t∏mƒ aZo-\-bnse Hmtcm ]uc\pw kz¥w hoSpw `qanbpw ]∏m-Xn-bm-bn Hmtcm-cp-Ø\v ]¶p-sh-®Xv Ncn-{XØn¬ Hcp sh≈n-tc-J-bmbn tcJ-s∏´p-In-S° - p-∂p. hwio-bh - pw tKm{X-]c - h - pambn Nn¥n-®n-cp∂ ImeØv Ad-_nIƒ°n-S-bn¬ kl-P-ambn \ne-\n-∂ncp∂ bp≤- s °m- X nbpw AtXmsS Xo¿∂p. Ncn-{X-Øn¬ \n∂v DZm-l-cW-߃ kzoI-cn-®p-sIm-≠mWt√m \mw Imcy-߃ - a\- n-em-t°-≠X - .v CXp-t]mep≈ DZm-l-c-W-߃ a‰p aXm-Nm-cy∑m-cpsS Poh-N-cn-{X-ß-fnepw \ap°v ]c-Xn-t\m-°m-hp-∂X - m-Wv.

a\p-jy-sc-√m-hcpw H∂m-sW∂pw GtIm-Zc ktlm-Z-c-ß-fm-sW-∂p-ap≈ Nn¥m-KXn ]uc-∑m¿°n-S-bn¬ \´p-h-f¿Ønbpw AXv ]cn-t]m-jn-∏n®pw AXv F√m-h-cp-sSbpw hnizmk-am-°nbpw sIm≠p≈ kmwkvImcnI {]h¿Ø-\-߃ hgn-bm-Wv a\p-jym-h-Imi ewL\-߃ C√m-Xm-°m≥ {ian-t°-≠-Xv. \nbaw Hcp \n¿_-‘n-Xm-hÿ krjvSn-°p-I-tb-bp≈q. hnizm-k-amWv a\p-jys\ B¥-cn-I-ambn am‰n-∏-Wn-bp-I.

96


c≠v Ihn-XI - ƒ

Jp¿jn-Zv ]n.-Fw. H∂mw h¿j _n.-tImw.

]√v ]√v thZ\ B¿°pw hcmw ]√p-≈-h¿s°√mw. _n.kn-.bn¬ Pohn-®-h\pw, F.Un-.bn¬ Pohn-°p∂-h\pw, [\n-I-\pw, ]mh-s∏-´-h-\pw, Zcn-{Z-\pw, tImSo-iz-c\pw F√mw. F\n°pw h∂p ]√p-th-Z\. sshZys\ I≠p, ]√ns‚ sshZys\ Xs∂. aq∂v Znhkw acp∂v Ign-®p, amdn-bn-√. ho≠pw, B sNcn™ Itk-c-bn¬ InS-°p-tºmƒ sshZys‚ tai-bn¬ sh® Hcp ]√ns‚ cq]-amWv Rms\∂v tXm∂n !

F¥v ? Xnc Ic-tbmSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v ? Im‰v Im‰n-t\mSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v ? Ddpºv Ddp-ºn-t\mSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v ? So®¿ Ip´n-tbmSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v? AΩ aI-t\mSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v ? t\Xmhv AWn-I-tfmSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v ? a\p-jy≥ a\p-jy-t\mSv ]d-bp-∂-sX¥v ? F√mw H∂p Xs∂ ! F¥v ?

97


]c-ky-߃... ]c-ky-߃...

A_vZp¬ aPo-Zv ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

""Fhn-sS-Øn-cn™ßp t\m°n-bm-se˛ ¥hn-sS√mw ]qØ-a-c-߃ am{Xw'' F∂mWv tIc-fsØ h¿Æn®v alm-Ihn Nß-ºpg IrjvW-∏n≈ ]mSn-b-Xv. C∂v ]qØac-ßf√ IÆ-©n-∏n°p∂ ]c-ky-ß-fmWv Fhn-sSbpw ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I. ]{Xam-kn-I-I-fnepw Sn.-hn.-I-fnepw t\m´p-_p-°p-I-fpsS ]pdw N´I-fnepw Npa-cmb Npa-cp-I-fn-sem-s°bpw hml-\-ß-fpsS AIØpw ]pd-Øp-sa√mw ]c-ky-ß-fpsS {]f-bw... Zn\w{]Xnsbt∂mWw Cd-ßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ ]e-bn\w D¬∏∂-߃ \m´p-Im-sc-s°m≠v hmßn-∏n®v Ah-cpsS ]Ww sNdpIn-S-°mcpw h≥In-S-°m-cp-amb D¬]m-Z-I-cpsS ssII-fn-tebvs°-Øn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ib - mWv CØcw ]c-ky-ßf - p-sS-sb√mw e£yw. ]cky߃ Gs‰-Sp-°m\pw {]Z¿in-∏n-°m\pw a’cn-°p-I-bmWv F√m-Øcw Zriy-˛-{imhy am[y-a-ß-fp-sSbpw GP≥kn-Iƒ. \m¬]Xv iX-am-\hpw ]c-ky-Øn\p am{Xambn \o°n-sh-b° v p∂ tZiob ]{X-ßf - p≠v \ΩpsS \m´n¬. cmjv{SZo-]n-I-, ho£Ww XpS-ßnb ]{X-ß-fpsS Adp-]Xv iX-am\w hsc ]c-ky-߃°m-bp-≈-Xm-Wv. Sn.-hn. Nm\¬ ImWm-\n-cp-∂m¬ GsXmcp IuXpI hm¿Ø ImØn-cp-∂mepw ]c-ky-ß-fnse IuXpIw I≠n-cn-t°≠n hcpw GXm≠v ]IpXn kabhpw. hntij Znh-k-ß-fn-em-sW-¶n¬ ]d-bpIbpw th≠. Acn, D∏v, Idn-]u-U-dp-Iƒ, Imen-Øo-‰, ho´p]-Ic - W - ß - ƒ, B`-cW - ß - ƒ, Ae-¶mc hkvXp-°ƒ, kuμcy h¿[I hkvXp-°ƒ, hkv{X-߃, sNcn-∏p-Iƒ, Huj-[ß - ƒ XpSßn a\p-jys‚ \nXy Pohn-X-Øn¬ At`-Zy-ß-fm-bXpw khn-tij Bh-iy-ßf - p-ambn _‘-s∏-´X - p-amb kIe km[\-ßfpw ]c-ky-߃ hgn-bmWv D]-t`m-‡m-°ƒ°v BI¿jI-am-°n-Øo-¿°p-∂-Xv. "knK-c‰v hen Btcm-Ky-Øn\v lm\n-

90

98


I-c-amWv' F∂pw "]pI-bne Iym≥k-dn\v tlXp-hmWv' F∂pap≈ ap∂-dn-bn-t∏m-Sp IqSnb ]c-ky-lmkyßfpw ImWmw, knK-c‰p ]m°p-I-fpsS ]pdØp Xs∂. Btcm-KyØn\v Atß-b‰w A]m-b-I-c-amb Cu hkvXp hmßn D]tbm-Kn-°-cpXv F∂-√, hmßn D]-tbm-Kn®v AXns‚ A]m-bØn¬ s]SpI F∂mWv ]c-ky-Øns‚ s]mcpƒ. ]c-ky-߃°v e£-߃ sNe-h-gn-t°≠n hcp∂ Iº-\n-Iƒ AsX√mw Xs∂ CuSm-°p-∂Xv D¬∏-∂ß - f - psS hne Iq´n Ah hmßp∂ D]-t`m-‡m-°-fn¬ \n∂mWv F∂Xv A\p-‡-kn-≤-amb Hcp ]c-am¿∞-am-sW-¶nepw CsXmcp {]iv\-ambn Ahcmcpw FSp-°p-∂n-√. kv{XoIfpw Ip´n-If - p-amWv ChnsS A[n-Ihpw Cc-Iƒ. ]ckyw ImWp∂ Ip´n-Iƒ hnhn[ hkvXp-°ƒ°mbn \n¿_‘w ]nSn-°p-tºmƒ Ah-scbpw Iq´n am¿°-‰p-I-fn¬ Ae-bp-I-bmWv AhcpsS AΩ-am¿. sImgp-∏p≈ `£y-hn-`-h-߃ [mcm-f-ambn ASn®p Ib‰n XSn ho¿Øp h∂p izmkw hnSm≥ hnj-an°p∂ XSn-®n-s∏-Æp-߃ s]mÆ-ØSn am‰m-\p≈ Huj-[Øns‚ ]ckyw ImWp-tºmƒ H´pw Xma-kn-bmsX AXv hmßn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-Ib - m-bn. At∏m-tg-°Xm saen-®n¬ am‰m\p≈ as‰mcp D¬∏-∂Ø - ns‚ ]c-kyw CØncn XSn Ipd™ as‰m-cpØn ImWp-∂p. DSs\ AXpw FgpXn shbv°p-IbmWv am¿°-‰n-te°p th≠n Xøm-dm°nsh® enÃnse as‰mcn-\-am-bn. Ip´n-Iƒ°v _p≤n-i‡n Iq´m\pw Hm¿Ω-i‡n h¿≤n-∏n-°m-\p-ap≈ thsdmcp Huj-[-Øns‚ ]ckyw ImWp-tºm-gmWv thsdm-cp-Øn°v Xs‚ sIm®n\v Ign™ ]co-£b - n¬ am¿°v Ipd-™p-t]m-bXv Hm¿Ω hcp-∂X - v. DSs\ Ipdn-®nSp∂p hmßm-\p≈ hkvXp-°f - psS enÃn¬ {]kvXpX Huj-[-Øns‚ t]cv. sIm®n\p am{X-a√ X\n°pw \∂v _p≤nbpw Hm¿Ω-bp-sams° IqSp-∂Xv F∂mbn ASpØ

Nn¥. Aßs\ hne-°q-Sp-X-ep≈ {]kvXpX Huj-[-ß-ƒ hmßn-°-gn®v amk-߃ Ign-™n´pw Imcy-amb am‰-߃ ImWm-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ t]mepw ]c-ky-Ønse X´n∏v {Kln°msX AXp hsc Ign-®Xv am‰n as‰mcp acp-∂n-\mbn Sn.hn.-bnepw a‰pw Xnc-bp-I-bmWnØ-c-°m¿. Huj[ hym]m-cnIfpw ]ckyw hmßn-s°m-SpØ Nm\¬°mcpw AXn-\Iw Xs∂ Ah-cpsS _m¶v _me≥kv At\I aSßv s]cp-∏n®p Ign-™n-´p-≠m-Ipw. aX-]-c-amb Nn”-߃ t]mepw am¿°-‰p-I-fnse Nc°p-Iƒ°v ]c-ky-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - n\v FºmSpw sXfnhp-If - p-≠v. ]≠v "hgp-X\ - ß Xn∂-h¿ kz¿§-Øn-em-bn-cn°pw' F∂v \_nXncp-ta-\n-bpsS t]cn¬ t]mepw sI´n-®-a®p ]d™ ka¿∞-\mb ]®-°dnhym]m-cn-bpsS IY ]d™p tI´n-´p-≠v. CXns‚ B[p-\n-I-amb as‰mcpZm-l-c-W-amWv A£bXrZob Zn\-Øn¬ kz¿Æw hmßn-bm¬ AXns‚ sFizcyw Pohn- X - I m- e - Ø p- S - \ ofw \ne- \ n¬°p- s a∂ sslμh hnizm-ksØ kz¿Æ hym]m-cn-Iƒ D]-tbm-K-s∏Sp-Øm-dp≈ coXn. tImgn-t°m-´pw, Xriq-cpw, Fd-Wm-Ip-f-Øpsa√mw {]kvXpX Zn\-Øn¬ \S-°m-dp≈ kz¿Æ-hym-]mcw A¿≤-cm-{Xn°p tijhpw \o≠p-t]m-hm-dp-≠v. CXns‚ thsdmcp DZm-l-c-W-ambn lq¿en≥ ]¿±sb IW-°m-°mw. kz¿§-Ønse I\y-Ia - m-cpsS \ma-t[bw hkv{X-hym-]mc tI{μØn-\nSp-∂Xv Dt±-iy-]q¿Δw Xs∂-bm-bn-cn-°p-a-t√m. aX-Nn”-ßsf hn]Wn ka¿∞-ambn D]-tbm-Kn-°p-∂X - n\v Ht´sd DZm-l-c-W-߃ \nc-Øm≥ Ign-bpw. tIc-fob Pohn-XsØ F¥p-am-{X-amWv ]c-ky-߃ kzm[o-\n-°p-∂Xpw \bn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xpsa∂ bmYm¿∞yw \ΩpsS hI-Xn-cnhp Ipdhn-s\-bmWv FSp-Øp-Im-Wn-°p-∂-Xv.

AtN-X\ - a - m-bn-cp∂ Rm≥ acn®v kky-ambn kky-am-bn-cp∂ Rm≥ acn®v P¥p-hmbn P¥p-hm-bn-cp∂ Rm≥ acn®v a\p-jy-\mbn F\n°v ac-WsØ t]Sn-bn√ acWw F\n-s°m∂pw \jvS-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂n-√. a\p-jy-\mb Rm≥ Hcn-°¬ IqSn acn-°pw. F∂n-´,v Hcp amem-J-bmbn∏d-°pw. ]ns∂, amem-J-bn¬ \n∂pw ]d°pw Aß-s\, k¶¬]-km-[y-a√ - mØ Ft¥m H∂mbn amdpw ]ns∂ Rm≥ A`m-h-amIpw; H∂p-a√ - m-XmIpw kmcwKn ]d-bp∂p: Ah-\n-te°p \mw aSßpw ˛dqan

99


Hm¿Ωbnse \o¿am-Xfw Xkveoam \kvdo≥ sI.-]n. H∂mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv

Iaemkpc-øsb B \ma-t[-bØns‚ ]cymbw t]mse A\p-kva-cn∏n-°p∂ as‰mcp hm°mWv kmlnXy IpXp-In-Isf kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw "\o¿am-Xfw' F∂-Xv. Ah-cpsS IY-Ifn¬ Krl-Pz-csØ kqNn-∏n-°p∂p C∏Zw. "\o¿am-X-f-Øns‚ ]q°ƒ' F∂ t]cn¬ Xs∂- b p≠v Ah¿ s°mcp IY.- hfsc BZy-Im-esØgpXnb IY-I-fpsS Iq´-Øn-emWnXp-≈sX-¶nepw `mhm-¥-co£ krjvSn-bnep≈ IYm- I m- c n- b psS kma¿∞yØn\pZm- l - c - W - a mbn \ncq- ] - I ¿ CsXSpØpIm´n-bn-´p-≠v. \mSp hn´v AI-se-bm-bn-cp∂ IYm\mbnI ]tØm ]Xn- \ t©m sIm√w Ign™v Xd-hm-´n-te°v aSßn hcp∂ cwKw Nn{Xo-Ic - n-°p∂p "\o¿amX-f-Øns‚ ]q°-fn'¬. Hc\ytZi-°mc-\p-am-bp≈ Xs‚ hnhmlw acn-®pt]mb apØ-»-s‚bpw apØ-»n-bpsS bpw A¥y-hn-{ia ÿe-Øn-\-cn-In¬ sh®v \S-ØWw F∂ B{Klw sIm ≠p am{X-amWhƒ \m´n-se-Øp-∂-Xv. hnhmlw Ign-™v ]nt‰ Znhkw Ime ØpXs∂ hc-\p-sam-∂n®v Ahƒ aSßn-t∏m-hp-Ib - m-Wv. h¿j-ßt- fmfw Xdhm-´n¬ \n∂p hn´p-]m¿Øn´pw Hcp hntZ-insb hnhmlw Ign-°m≥ Xømdm-Ip∂ am\-kn-Im-hÿ b - nepw kmlN-cy-Ønepw FØn-bn´pw Xd-hm-Sp-ambp≈ s]m°nƒs°mSn _‘w Ahnt—-Zy-ambn XpS-cp-∂-Xns\ i‡-ambn {]Xn-^e - n-∏n-°p∂ C°Y-bnse \mbnIbv°v \mem-∏m´v Xd-hmSp- hn´v h¿jß-tfmfw t_mws_-bnepw I¬°-Ø-

92

100

bnepw Ign™ kpc- ø - b p- a m- b p≈ ASpØ kmayw {it≤-b-am-Wv. a\pjya\- ns‚ Bg-ßf - n-te°n-dßn Ahn-Sß - f - nse kq£va afie-߃ FSpØhX-cn-∏n-°p∂hbmWv Ia-e-bpsS a‰p Nne IY-Iƒ. ZmºXy Pohn- X - Ø nse Akw- X r- ] v X n- I ƒ Xpd∂pImWn- ° pI hgn C¥y≥ kv{XoXz-Øns‚ s]mcp-Xp∂ {]Xo-Iambn kzbw Ah-tcm-[n-®n-cn-°p∂p

Ah¿. F∂m¬ ]pcp- j - s \- X ncn¬ hntZzjw Xpfp-ºp∂ s^an-\nÃv a\ ns‚ DS-a-bmbn Hcn-°epw Ah¿ cwKØphcp-∂n-√. kv{Xosb a\km AwKo- I - c n- ° p∂ ]pcp- j \pw ]pcpjs\ a\km AwKo-I-cn-°p∂ kv{Xo bpw H∂n-°p∂ ZmºXyPohn-X-amWv

kwXr- ] v X n- Z m- b - I - s a∂ ]mT- a mWv Ah¿ \¬Ip-∂X - .v AtXm-sSm∏w ]pcpj\v A]- c n- N n- X - a mb kv { XobpsS sshhn- [ y- a m¿∂ hi- ß ƒ Ah¿ Nn{Xo-I-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂p-≠v. Ia-eb - psS IY-It- f-°mƒ IhnX-bv°mWv i‡n-sb∂p tXm∂p-∂p. ]s£, Ihn- X - b psS am[y- a - a mbn Ah¿ ae-bmfw kzoI-cn-°m≥ XpS-ßnbXv G‰hpw HSp-hn-em-Wv. Hcp ]s£ 1993 ¬ Ckvemw aXw kzoI-cn-®-Xn\p tijw ]pd-Øn-d-°nb "bm A√mlv' F∂ aRvPcn am{X-am-bn-cn-°Ww aebm-f-Øn¬ Ah-cp-tS-Xmbn Cd-ßnb IhnXm kam-lm-cw. AXp-h-tcbv°pw IhnX Fgp-Xm≥ Cw•ojpw IY FgpXm≥ ae-bm-f-hp-amWh¿ kzoI-cn®p t]m∂n-cp-∂X - v. kpc-øb - psS Krl-Pzcw X]n-®p\n¬°p∂ H∂mWv ""Zn HmƒUv tπ lukv' AYhm "]gb \mS-I-ime'' F∂ eLp Ihn- X . ZmºXyPohnXsØ Ipdn®pw X\n°p e`n-°m≥ t]mIp∂ hcs\ Ipdn®pw kz¥-amb k¶¬∏߃ GsXmcp s]¨Ip´n°pw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. Iaemkpcø°pw CXp- ≠ m- b n- c p∂ncn°- W w. ]s£, ]Xn-\©mw hb- n¬ Xs∂ hnhm-ln-X-bm-hp-I-bm¬ lrZ-b-]q¿ΔIamb Hcp sXc-s™-Sp-∏n-\p≈ Ahkcw ssIh-cp-∂-Xn\p aptº Hcp ]pcp-j∂Sn-s∏´ {]XoXnbmWv Ah¿ °p-≠m-b-Xv. A∂sØ kmap-Zm-bnI k{º-Zm-bØ - n\v hnt[-bs - ∏-tS≠n h∂Xn-ep≈ Aa¿jw C°hn-X-bn¬ F ºmSpw ImWmw.


Hcp Infn-sb-∏n-Sn-®n-W°n \ns‚ ssZ¿Ly-ta-dnb {Kojva-Øn¬ XS-™p-sh-°m-\mWv \o ]≤-Xn-bn-´Xv. \n\°v Ah-sf-s°m-≠-h-fpsS ]cp-°≥ Imem-h-ÿ-Ifpw hn´p-t]m∂ hoSpw am{X-a√ kz¥w {]Ir-Xnbpw ]d-°m-\p≈ Xzcbpw BIm-i-Ønse A\¥hoYn-I-fpw A∏m-sS-bßv ad-∏n-t°-≠n-bn-cp-∂p. Rm≥ \n‚-Sp-tØ°v h∂Xv C\nbpw Hcp ]pcp-j-s\-°p-dn-®p-IqSn ]Tn-®-dn-bm≥ th≠n-b√, adn®v Rm≥ Bsc∂v ]Tn-°m\pw AXp-hgn F\n°p hf-cm≥ ]Tn-°m-\p-am-Wv. ]s£, \o ]Tn-∏n-®-sX√mw \ns∂-°p-dn®p am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p. Fs‚ ico-c-Øns‚ {]Xn-Ic - W - ß - f - nepw Ah-ÿm-¥-c-ß-fnepw Bg-sam-´p-an-√mØ Ne-\-ß-fnepw \o kwXr]vXn I≠p. F∂p XpS-ßp∂ {]kvXpX Ihn-X-bn¬ kv{XobpsS hnIm-c-hn-Nmc- ß ƒ°v hne I¬∏n- ° p- I tbm Ahƒ°v Ah-fp-tS-Xmb hy‡n-Xz-hpw Xocp-am\ tijnbpw hI-sh®psImSp°p-Itbm sNømØ `¿Øm-hn-s\bmWv A`n-kw-t_m-[\ sNøp-∂-Xv. ]pcp-j\v ssewKnI kpJw km[n∏n®p sImSp-°p-Ibpw, {]taltcmKnbmb Abm-fpsS Nmb-bn¬ km°-do≥ C´p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw Abmƒ°v ka-bØn\v Kpfn-Ibpw acp∂pw FSpØp sImSp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-I-bmWv `mcy F∂ ]Z- h n- b n¬ Ccp- ∂ p- s Im≠v kv{Xo°v sNøm-\p≈ tPmen F∂p Nn¥n-°p∂ Hc-¥c - o-£Ø - n-emWv Ihbn-{Xn°p Pohn-t°≠n h∂n-cp-∂-Xv. Aßs\ `¿Ør-Kr-l-Øn¬ kv{Xo°v Ah-fpsS hy‡nXzw apc-Sn®p t]mhpI-bm-W.v `¿Øm-hns‚ tNmZy-߃°pw At\zj- W - ß ƒ°pw Nne apdp- a pdp∏pIfn-eqsS-b√msX Xpd∂ hm°pI- f n¬ adp- ] Sn ]d- b m≥ t]mepw Xm¬]-cy-an-√mØ hn[w t_md-Snbpw ac-hn∏pw kln-°p-I-bmWhƒ. \K- c - P o- h n- X - Ø n¬ Fb¿ I≠o-j≥ sNbvXS-®n´ ho´n¬ kZm sshZypX shfn®w IØn-s°m-≠n-cn°p-tºmƒ ]pcp-js‚ hnb¿t∏m-Sp-IqSnb K‘w am{Xw izkn®p Ign-tb≠ Ah-ÿ-bn-em-hp-I-bm-W-hƒ. ^vfh¿

shbv k n¬ sh®n- ´ p≈ ]q°ƒ°pt]mepw ]pcpjK‘w. HSphn¬ kvt\l-Øn-\mbn Zmln®p Zmln®v, sh≈-Øn¬ Xs‚ kpμ-c-amb {]Xncq]w Z¿in®v X∂n¬ Xs∂ A\p-c‡-\mbn amdnb {Ko°v CXn-lm-kØnse \m¿kn- k - n\p Xpeyw kzbw t{]ant°≠nhcn- I - b mWhƒ°v. At∏m-gmWv \m´n≥]pdsØ ]nXr-Krl-Øn¬ {KmaoWkuμcyapƒs°m ≠v ]m´pw \rØ- h p- a mbn kzm`mhnIamb PohnXw \bn® ]gb Ime sØ°pdn-®p≈ Hm¿Ω-bn¬ Krl-Pz-ctØmSp IqSn Ahƒ sNs∂-Øp-∂-Xv. Aß-s\-bmWv "Zn HmƒUv tπ lukv' kv{XoZpcn-XØ - ns‚ h¿W-\b - m-bn-cn-°p∂- X n- t \msSm∏w Xs∂ Krl- P z- c Øns‚ IhnX IqSn-bm-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. P\n®phf¿∂ aÆn-t\m-Sp≈ Ia-e-bpsS Krl-Pzcw acWw htc bv°pw Ah¿ sIm≠p-\-S-∂n-cp-∂p. HSp-hn¬ sIm®n-bn¬ \n∂v ]qsW-bnte°v Xmakw am‰n-bXv \n¿_-‘n-Xmh-ÿ-bn¬ thZ-\-tbmSp IqSn-bm-bn-cp∂p. U¬ln-bn¬ sh®p kw`-hn® hogvN ico-c-Øn-t\¬∏n® ]cn°p ImcWw ip{iq-jn-°m≥ ASpØv Bƒ th≠n h∂-Xns\ XpS¿∂mWv ]qsWbnse Cfb aI‚Sp-tØ°v t]mb-Xv. tcmKw aq¿—n®v sF.-kn.bp. hn¬ Ignbp- t ºmgpw ASpØp sN∂- h - t cmsS√mw tIc-f-Øn-te°v aS-ßm-\p≈ B{K-l-amWh¿ {]I-Sn-∏n-®-Xv. Aßs\bmWv ]e¿°pw hntbm- P n∏pw FXn¿∏pw D≠m-bn´pw arX-tZlw tIcf-Øn-se-Øn®v Ah-cpsS B{Klw t]mse adhp sNøm≥ a°ƒ imTyw ]nSn-®-Xv. k¶- S hpw thZ- \ bpw ap‰n\n¬°p-∂-XmWv Ia-e-bpsS Ihn-X-Ifn¬ an°-Xpw. {]Xn-tj-[-Øns‚ Ihbn{Xn F∂p Xs∂ \ncq-]I temIØv Ah¿ hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-´n´p≠v. C¥y≥ kv{XoXzw Cc-bm-°-s∏´pt]m-∂n-´p≈ A\o-Xn°pw ]oU-\Øn\pw FXn-cm-bn-´p≈XmWv AhcpsS {]Xn-tj-[a{X-bpw. C∂n-t∏mƒ kv{Xo°v ]m¿e-sa‚nepw ]©m-b-Ønep- s ams° henb tXmXn¬ ]pcpjs\t∏mse Xs∂ IS-∂p-sN-√m≥ kwh- c Ww hgn Ign- b p∂ kmlNcyap≠mbn h∂n-´p-≠v. ]s£ Iae FgpØmcw- ` n® A∂sØ ÿnXn

hfsc Zb- \ o- b - a m- b n- c p- ∂ p. \nb- a \n¿ΩmW thZn-If - n¬ Ah-fpsS kzcw tIƒ∏n-°m≥ Ah-kcw \t∂ Ipdhm- b n- c p∂p As∂m- s °. Aßs\ ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-Øne[n-jvTn-X-amb hyh-ÿn-Xn-s°-Xn-cn¬ {]Xn-tj-[n-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p Xs‚ Ihn-X-I-fn-eqsS Ah¿. kz¥w ZmºXyPo-hn-X-Ønse ho¿∏p- a p- ´ - e p- I ƒ hmb\mtemItØs°SpØv ]c- k y- a m- ° p- I bpw ssewKn- I - X - b n¬ koam- X o- X - b mbn km∑m¿Kn-IX - sb sh√p-hnfn-°p-Ibpw sNbv X Fgp- Ø p- I m- c n- b mbn Hcp ImeØv km∑m¿§nI afi-e-ß-fn¬ a\- n-em-°-s∏´p t]m∂ Iae AXns\√mw {]mb-›n-Ø-amIpw hn[w Hcp anÃn-°ns‚ Xe-tØmfw Db¿∂-XmWv ]n¬°m-esØ Ncn-{Xw. Xs‚ PohnX ho£- W - Ø n¬ h∂ auen- I - a m‰w kmln-Xy-Ønepw i‡-ambn {]Xn-^en-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Cu am‰-Øn-\p In´nb P\-Iob AwKo-Im-ca - m-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS ac-Wm-\¥c NS-ßp-I-fn¬ I≠ hºn® P\m-h-en-bpsS km∂n≤y-sa∂p thWw ]d-bm≥. "Fs‚ IY'-bn-eqsS {]kn-≤bmb am[-hn°p´n F∂ IaemZmkns\ Ah¿ Xs∂ X≈n-∏d - ™v t\csØ acn-∏n® ÿnXn°v Ah-cpsS A]Iz buh-\Øns‚ Hcp eoem- h n- e m- k - a mbn am{Xta C\n AXns\ ImtW-≠-Xp≈q. ]s£, AØ-c-Øn-ep≈ H∂v Fgp-Xn-bX - n¬ Ah¿ ImWn® \njvI]-S-Xbpw [oc-Xbpw hmgvØ-s∏-tS-≠Xp-≠v. Xs‚ IY-bn-eqsS Xs∂-b-√, Xm≥ {]Xn-\n[m\w sNbvX kv{Xo kaq-l-sØ-bm-W-h¿°p shfn-s∏-SptØ-≠n-bn-cp-∂-sX-∂-Xn-\m¬ A∂sØ AXns‚ {]k‡n A\n-tj[yw Xs∂. B¨ kaq-l-Øns‚ `mK-Øp \n∂p≈ Hcp Xncp-Øn\p th≠n-bmbn-cp∂p AsX¶n¬ AXn¬ Bfl-ip≤n-bpsS Hcp Nph-bp-ap-≠v. AXn-\m¬ Iae B ]pkv X - I - Ø n\p t\sc kzoI-cn® \ne-]mSv F¥p-X-s∂-bmbmepw kaq-l-Øn\v AsXm-cp- h¿PyhkvXp Bth-≠-Xn-√, Bhp-I-bp-an-√. \o¿am-X-f-Øns‚ \ocnse a[p-cna t]mse hmb\mkaq-l-Øn¬ F∂pw AXmkzmZy hkvXp Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw.

101


IpdØn hn]n≥.sI _ntImw. H∂mw h¿jw

Sn.-hn. bnse {]tXyI ]m´p-]cn-]m-Sn-bn¬ ebn-®n-cn-°p-Ib - mWv ho´pImcpw hncp-∂p-h-∂-hcpw H∂-S-¶w. AXn-\n-S-bn-emWv Hcp hmbv∏m´v AS®n´ tK‰ns‚ Ccp-º-gn-Iƒ t`Zn®v HgpIn-sb-Øn-bX - v. "Bcm- W Xv ? ' h¿j- ß - f mbn Xs‚ hoXn-bp≈ s\‰n-Ø-S-Øn\p Nph-´n¬ Ibdn ÿew ]nSn-®n-cn-°p∂ henb Nn√p≈ IÆ-S-bn-eqsS ]pdtØ°v Xpdn-®p-t\m°n AΩqa tNmZn®p. AΩq-as - bm-gnsI a‰mcpw Atßm´v {i≤n-®-tX-bn-√. AΩqa "B Ipd-Ønbt√ h∂n-cn-°vWXv' F∂pw ]d™v ]Xps° Fgp-t∂‰v sKbn-‰ns‚ ASptØ°v \oßn. AΩqa Xpd-∂p-sIm-SpØ sKbn‰n-eqsS Np°n-®p-fn™ ico-c-tØm-SpIq-Snb Hcp kv{Xocq]w B henb hoSns‚ ap‰Øv {]th-in-®p. AΩq-a°v A[n-Im-c-Øn¬ ]¶p≈ hoSp-X-s∂bmtWm AsX-∂-dn-bm-Ø-Xn-\m-emIWw A¬]w i¶- t bm- s S- b mWm kv{Xocq]w ap‰-tØ°p Ibdn Hcp aqebn-te°v amdn \ne-Øn-cp-∂X - v. "\mthdv

94

102

]mStWm...' Ah¿ \o´n-hn-fn®p tNmZn°p-tºmƒ AΩqa AI-tØ°p Ibdp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. B kv{Xo ]ns∂bpw Xs‚ ]m´v XpS¿∂p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. CS-bv°nsS Ah¿ "ssI t\m°tWm \mthdv ]mStWm' F∂n- ß s\ Bh¿Øn-®p-sIm≠pan-cp-∂p. ]m´p-]-cn-]mSn Ah-km-\n®v Sn.hn. Hm^v sNbvX-Xn\p tijw im¥ntamƒ ]pd-tØ-°p-t\m-°n. ap‰-Øns‚ aqe-bn-en-cp∂v Dd-ßp∂ B kv{Xocq]w At∏m-gm-W-h-fpsS {i≤-bn¬s]-´Xv. "Bcm-Wm-bn-cp-∂p-dß - p-∂Xv? Bcm-WXn\v tK‰p- Xp-d∂ - p-sIm-SpØv Ctßm´p IS-Øn-hn-´Xv?' im¥n-tamƒ D®-Øn¬ hnfn- ® p- t Nm- Z n®v _l- f - a p- ≠ m- ° n. apsºm-cn-°¬ Hcp ssIt\m-´-°m-cn ho´n¬ h∂v Bcp- s S- s bm- s °tbm ssIt\m°n Ip´n- b psS kz¿Æ sNbn≥ ssI°-em-°n-t∏m-b A\p-`hw Ahƒ Bh¿Øn-®-\p-kva-cn-®p. "AXp-Ipt´y ]≠v s\s‚ ssI t\m°n∏d™ B sImd-Ønbm. s\\°n∂v Int´y Cu ]msIyms° A∂m sImdØn ssIt\m°n- ∏ - d - ™ - X m.


s\s∂ sI´m≥h-ct- Wms‚ sImtWmw Ipt´ym-fpsS FtÆmw `¿Øm-hns‚ Kƒ^o- t ]m°pw Hs° A∂v ]d™¥n Xs∂ \S-∂p. A∂v Iqen- sImSp-°m-\nhsS Imin-√m-™n-´v s\√m sImSp- Ø - X v . ssIt\m- ° - W n- s √¶n t\m°-≠. s\s‚ tams‚ \mth-sdm∂v ]mSn-®m-fm. AsXm-∂q-√m-Xm-bt- Xm≠m C∂sØ Ipt´ymfv hep-Xm-Ipºw \´iq\yw ]nSn-®p-t]m-W-Xv'. AΩq-a-bpsS ]g-©≥ kwkmcw im¥n-tamƒ°{X ]nSn-®n-√. Ahƒ adp-]-Sn-sbm∂pw ]dbmsX amfn-Ia - p-If - n-te°v Ib-dn-t∏mbn s]´n-bn¬ \n∂v Ft¥m \mW-b-saSpØv Ipd- Ø nsb hnfn- ® p- W ¿Øn AXns‚ t\¿°p-\o-´n. Ipd-Øn-°Xv Xosc ckn-®n-√. "Rm≥ ]n®°p ht∂m-f-√. ssIt\m°tWm \mthdv ]mStWm? AXmsWs‚ sXmgn-ev. ]n®sX≠¬ Fs‚ sXmgn-e√ - . A[zm-\n-®n´v In´p-∂Xv aXn'. IpdØn {]Xn-Ic - n-®p. im¥n-tamƒ°Xv h√m-sØmcp {]l-c-am-bn-tØm-∂n. At∂cw "F¥mtΩ Ahcv ]td-WXv' F∂p tNmZn-®p-sIm≠v im¥n-tam-fpsS tam≥ Ahn-sS-sb-Øn. "tams‚ \mthdv ]mStWm?' Ip´n-bpsS t\sc t\m°n IpdØn tNmZn-®p. im¥n-tamƒ DSs\ tams\ Ahn-sS-\n∂v AI-tØ°p ]d™-b-®p. Ipd-Øn-bpsS ItÆtdm \mthtdm Ip´n-t°-s‰-¶ntem F∂v `b∂n-´m-bn-cp∂p AXv. tam≥ AI-tØ°p-t]m-Im≥ aSn-®p-\n-∂t- ∏mƒ Ah-fXv tams‚ sNhn- b n¬ a{¥n- ° p- I - b pw sNbvXp. tam≥ AI-tØ°p Ib-dn-t∏mb-tXmsS im¥n-tamƒ B s]¨tIme-Øns‚ IÆn-te°pw Ihn-fn-te°pw s\‰n-Ø-S-Øn-te°pw kq£n-®p-t\m°n. Ah-i-X-bpsSbpw IjvS-∏m-Sns‚bpw hniz-cq]w B IÆp-I-fnepw apJØpw ssZ\yX Xo¿Øn-cn-°p-∂p. X\n°v Hm¿Ω-sh-°p-∂-Xn\p apºv Xs‚ \mthdv ]mSn-Ø∂ ]pWym-fØ - nbmWv X\n-°p-ap-ºn¬ Ime-Øns‚ Nh-‰p-Ip-´-bn-te°v Fdn-b-s∏-´-h-fmbn \n - l m- b - b mbn \n¬°p- ∂ - X v. F∂n´pw Ah-cpsS A`n-am-\-t_m-[Øn\v F¥p-d-∏v. Ah¿°u-Zm-cyhpw

]n®bpw th≠. Xs‚ ]c-ºc - m-KX - a - mb sXmgn-ens\ ]pXnb temI-Øns‚ imkv{X-t_m[w X≈n-°-f-™n´pw AhcXv apdpsI ]nSn-°p-∂p. Xm≥ A`ykvX hnZy-bm-bn´pw imkv{X-kw-LS-\-bpsS {]h¿Ø-I-bm-bn´pw Xs‚ tam\v B kv { XobpsS ItÆtdm \mthtdm G¬°p-∂Xv `b∂v Ahs\ AI-tØ°p ]d-™-b-°p-∂p. CsXs¥mcp hntcm[m-`m-kw! AΩqa ]d-™Xv icn-X-s∂-bs√. Cu IpdØn A∂v ]d-™Xv A∏Sn Xs‚ Pohn-X-Øn¬ ]pe¿∂ncn-°-bm-W-t√m. ssIt\m´imkv{Xw imkv{X-a-s√∂pw X´n-∏m-sW∂pw ]dbp-∂-Xns‚ Kp´≥kv ]ns∂-¥m-Wv? F¥n\v AXp-anXpw ]d™v Cu hr≤kv{Xo-bp-sSbpw Ch-sc-t∏m-se-bp≈ At\-I-cp-sSbpw D]-Po-h\w apS-°p∂p? Hcp ]co-£Ww IqSn \S-Ømw. ]co-£n®v sXfn-bn-°p-∂Xv Xs∂-bmWt√m GXv imkv{Xhpw. im¥n-tamƒ Xs‚ ssI Ipd-Øn-bpsS t\¿°v \o´n. IpdØn ]Xps° Fgp-t∂‰v Du∂p-hSn-bn¬ ]nSn®v ap‰sØ sh≈-Sm-∏n\v t\sc \oßn. Sm∏p-Xp-d∂v B¿ØntbmsS Hcp-]mSv sh≈w AI-Øm-°n. Ipsd apJØpw Hgn-®p. A\-¥cw im¥n-tam-fpsS apJØpw ssIsh-≈bnepw amdn-amdn t\m°n e£Ww ]dbm≥ XpS-ßn. Ign™ ImeØv Xs‚ PohnX- Ø n- e p- ≠ mb hnti- j - ß - t fm- t cm∂mbn IpdØn A°-an´p ]d-™p-sIm≠n-cp-∂-t∏mƒ AsXm-∂n-√msX icnbm-Wt√m F∂v im¥n-tamƒ BtemNn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. ]ns∂ XpSßn `mhn-bn¬ kw`-hn-°m≥ t]mIp∂ kt¥m- j - I - c hpw k¶- S - I - c - h p- a mb kwK-Xn-If - psS hnh-cW - w AYhm {]hN- \ w. AXn- \ n- S - b n¬ AΩq- a bpw t\csØ AIØv Sn.-hn. I≠n-cp-∂hcpw Hs∂m-gn-bmsX ]pd-Øn-d-ßn. h∂-h¿ h∂-h¿ Hmtcm-cp-Øc - mbn IpdØn°v ssI\o-´n-s°m-Sp-Øp. Hmtcm-cpØ-cp-sSbpw I√ym-W-sØ-°p-dn®pw `¿Øm-°≥am-cpsS kz`mhw, kzØv XpS-ßn-bh - s - b-°p-dn®pw IpdØn IrXyambn ]d- ™ p- s Im- ≠ n- c p- ∂ - t ∏mƒ

hnkvab - ] - q¿Δw Ahn-sS-°q-Sn-bh - s - c-√mhcpw ]c-kv]cw t\m°n. Sn.-hn.°v CSnan-∂-te-‰-Xn-\m¬ Hcp Znhkw Nm\¬ ImWm≥ Ign-bmsX hnj-an-®-Xp-IqSn IpdØn ssIt\m°n ]d-™-tXmsS im¥n-tamƒ Xs‚ aIs\ Ipd-ØnbpsS apºn-se-Øn-®n´v \mthdv ]mSn®p. HSp-hn¬ Ah¿ Ipd-Øn°v Xs‚ A[zm-\-Øns‚ {]Xn-^-ehpw ]ns∂ Ipd®pw sImSp-Øp. IpdØn ]pd-Øn-d-ßn-b-t∏m-gtØ-°Xm ]pd-Øp-\n-s∂m-cm¿∏p-hn-fn. Bƒ°q-´hpw t]meokpw Bsctbm At\z-jn-®n-dß - n-bX - m-W.v t]meo-kns‚ Iøn¬ emØnbpw P\- ° q- ´ - Ø n¬ Hmtcm-cp-Ø-cp-sSbpw Iøn¬ Hmtcm- hSn- b p- a p- ≠ v . "Hcp ssIt\m- ´ - ° mcn IpdØn CXnse t]mIp-∂Xv It≠m?' F√m-hcpw Cusbmcp tNmZy-tØm-sSbmWv ASp-Øp-h-cp-∂-Xv. P\-°q´w sKbn‰v IS∂v ho´n-\p-ap-ºn-se-Øn. "CXm CXp-Xs∂' F∂p ]d-™psIm≠v F√m-hcpw Ipd-Øn°v Np‰pw IqSn. t]meokv Ipd-Øn-sb -]n-Sn®v ssIbmaw sh®v h≠n- b n- t e°v sIm≠p-t]m-Ip-∂Xv F√m-hcpw {i≤n®p. im¥n-tamƒ AXns\ kq£n-®pt\m-°n. "t\csØ \ΩpsS ho´n¬ h∂v ssIt\m°n Ip´n-bpsS sNbn-\pambn IS- ∂ p- I - f ™ B IpdØn Xs∂-bt√ AXv?' Ahƒ AΩq-at- bmSv tNmZn-®p. AΩqa BIm-hp∂ kq£vaX- t bmsS Xs‚ IÆS FSpØpw sh®pw B kv{Xocq-]sØ ]e-X-hW t\m°n. F∂n´v "AsX' F∂v DØcw ]d-s™-¶nepw im¥n-tamƒ AXns\ tNmZyw sNøp∂-Xn-t\m Xs‚ Ip´nbpsS sNbn≥ B kv{XobmWv h¿j߃°p-apºv FSp-Ø-sX∂v P\-°q-´tØmSv ]d-bp-∂-Xnt\m sa\-s°-´n-√. Ah¿°v IpØ-I-bmb B ssIt\m´ hnZy-bnepw apJ-e-£WhnZy-bnepw hnkva-b-s∏´v \n¬°p-I-bm-bn-cp∂p im¥n-tamƒ. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ t]meokv h≠n-bn¬ \n∂v Ipd-Øn-bpsS D®-Ønep≈ \ne-hnfn Db-cp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p.

103


Ip´n-°mew

XØn-°-fn®p \S-s∂m-c-°m-e-an˛ sßØn√ apºn-te-°n\n taen-se¶n-epw, sImØn-°√ - m-Sn-sbm-c∂ - m-fp-Iƒ at\m˛ `nØn-bn¬ sImØn-bs - X-{X-bm-I¿jIw! ag-bØp NmSn-°-fn®p Ipfn-®-Xpw shbn-e-Øq-tSmSn hnb¿Øp ckn-®-Xpw AΩ hSn-bp-ambv ]n∂mse h∂-t∏mƒ HmSn-b-—‚-Sp-Ø-`bw {]m]n-®-Xpw Hm¿°p-tºm-sg-s¥mcp am[p-cy-ap-≠-Xn¬ Hm¿°p-hm-\mcpw an\-s°-Sn-s√-¶nepw. aÆ∏w Np´Xpw amhn≥ Nph-´nse amºgw Np‰n-\-S∂p s]dp-°oXpw ]mdn-∏-d-∂nSpw Xpºn°p ]n∂mse ]m™p-Xf - ¿∂-t∏mƒ ]n≥am-dn-t∏m-∂Xpw eoe-b-√m-sXmcp the-bp-an-√mØ Ime-am-W-Xn¬ shdpw am’-cy-_p-≤n-bm. DØ-ch - m-Zn-Øs - a-s¥-∂d - n-bm-sØm˛ cØcw {]mb-Øn-se-t∏m-gp-am-ÀmZw ! t]\bpw B\-bp-sa√mw Ifn-t°m-∏mbv ImWp∂ Ime-a-t°m-af \mfp-Iƒ F¥ßp sNbvInepw am∏p e`n-®n-Sp˛ sa¥p-a-\p-hZn-®o-Sp-am-cm-In-epw. \n›nX e£y-an-√m-X-sßm-gp-Ip∂ ]®-ne-tØmWn t]mem-W-Xn-∂m-\μw ! A—-\p-a-Ω-bv°p-apΩ \¬In-bn-cp˛ ∂s®-dp-∏-Øn-\mbv tIgp-I-bmWp Rm≥.

96

104

kao-d F. c≠mw h¿j _n.-tImw.


hnP-b-k-¶¬∏w

A_vZp¬ dDu^v sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F.-Cw-•ojv

F√m-h¿°pw hnP-bn-°-Ww. ]cm-Pbw B¿°pw th≠. kzbw hnP-bn-®m¬ am{Xw t]mc Hcp-]m-Sp-t]sc tXm¬∏n-®n´p hnP-bn-°-Ww. At∏mƒ am{Xta hnP-bØ - n\v Xnf-°a - p-≈q. AXnemWv lcw ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I. Hcmƒ Hcp ]co£-bntem a’-cØ - ntem ]s¶-Sp-Øn´v hnP-bn-°ptºmƒ Abm-fpsS dm¶v C{Xm-a-tØ-Xm-sW∂p shfn-s∏-SpØn∏d-bp-∂X - n-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cn-°mw. Hcp-tZymKw t\Sp-∂-bmƒ AsXmcp t\´ambn KWn®v AXn¬ kwXr-]vX-\m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xn\p ]Icw ASpØ ]Sn-bn-te-°p≈ {]tam-j≥ e£yw sh®p \oßp-I-bm-Wv. ]ecpw {]tam-j\p-th≠n Ipdp-°p-hg - n-Iƒ tXSp-Ibpw taep-tZymK-ÿsc {]oXn-s∏-Sp-Øp-∂-Xn-eqsS AXn-\p≈ A¿lX sXfn-bn-°p-Ibpw sNøp-∂Xv ImWmw. AsXm-s°-bmWv hnP-bs - a-∂m-bn-cn°mw AØ-c°m¿ Icp-Xp-∂-Xv. ]co-£-bn¬ tXm¬hn kw`-hn-°p-∂-h¿ Bfl-lXy sNøp-∂-Xn-\m-em-Wt√m tXm¬hn, hnPbw F∂o ]Z-{]-tbm-Kß - ƒ ]co-£m-^e - ß - fn¬ \ns∂m-gn-hm-°n ]Icw t{KUnwKv k{º-Zmbw \ne-hn¬ hcp-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂X - .v Pbw sIm≠p-≠mIp-∂Xv Db¿∂ ]T-\-Øn-te-°p≈ Ah-kcw

In´epw ]cm-Pbw sIm≠p-≠m-Ip-∂Xv AXv \ntj-[n-°-s∏S-ep-am-sW-¶n¬ ^e-Øn¬ Db¿∂ t{KUp-Im-c\pw XmWt{K-Up-Im-c\pw XΩn-ep≈ hyXymkw Ct∏mgpw AXp-Xs - ∂bm-sW-∂-Xt√ hmkvXhw? F∂mepw t{KUn-ep≈ Db¿®bv°pw Xmgv®bv°pw Pbhpw tXm¬hn-bp-sa∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xnep≈ Hcp kpJhpw kpJ-°p-d-hp-ap-≠m-hn-√-s{X. t{KUnwKv G¿s∏-Sp-Øn-bX - n-eqsS tXm¬hn aqe-ap≈ Bfl-lXy ]msS C√m-Xm-bn-´n-s√-¶nepw Ipd-™n-´p-s≠-∂p X-s∂-bmWv tIƒ°p-∂X - .v ]s£ CX-[nI Imew \of-Ws - a-∂n-√. t{KUnwKn¬ Hcp \n›nX ]cn-[n°v Xmsg-sb-Øp-Is - b∂-Xn-\¿∞w tXm¬°pI F∂p-X-s∂-bm-sW∂v Hcn-°¬ Ip´n-Iƒ a\ n-em-°p-∂-tXmsS Cu AS-hp-\bw s]mfn-bp-sa-∂p-d-∏v. Cs∂-√m-hcpw hnP-bn-°m≥ t\m°p-∂Xv _nkn-\  - nem-Wv. CXv apº-tØ-Xn-t\-°mfpw _nkn-\- ns‚ bpK-amWv. sF.-Sn. cwKsØ apt∂-‰t- Øm-sS-bm-Wn-Xn{X-ta¬ i‡n{]m-]n-®-Xv. _nkn-\ v hnP-bn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ X{¥-a-{¥ßƒ°mWv as‰-¥n-t\-°mfpw C∂v ÿm\w. _nkn-\- n¬ tXm‰mepw Bfl-lXy \S-°m-dp-≠v. Pohn-Xs - a-∂m¬ _nkn\ v F∂m-W¿∞-sa-¶n¬ AXn-ep≈ tXm¬hn Pohn-XsØ \nc¿∞-Iam-°p-a-t√m. At∏mƒ ]ns∂ PohnXw Ah-km\n-∏n-°p-∂X - n¬ Akw-KX-am-sb-¥p≠v? sXc-s™-Sp-∏nse tXm¬hn°p tXm¬hn F∂p ]dbp-∂-Xn\p ]Icw ap¥nb a‰p-h√ ]Zhpw sXc-s™-Sp∏p

107


IΩo-j\v Kth-jWw \SØn Is≠-Øm≥ ]cn-]m-Sn-bpt≠m Bthm? km[yX hfsc Ipd-hm-Wv. ImcWw tXm¬hn Hcp \nμtbm A]-am-\tam Bbn tXm∂m-\n-Sb - p-≈h - c - mcpw sXcs™- S p∏v t KmZ- b n- t e- ° n- d - ß m≥ hcn- √ . AØ- c - Ø nep≈h¿°n-dß - m≥ ]‰nb taJ-eb - √ - t√m s]mfn-‰n-Ik v .v GXv "s]mfn {SnIvkpw' ]b-‰m≥ k∂-≤X {]I-Sn-∏n-°p∂h¿°v tXm¬hn F¥-]-am-\-amWv kΩm-\n-°pI? Ce-£-\n¬ tXm‰n´v Bsc-¶nepw Bfl-lXy sNbvX-Xmbn tI´-dnhpt≠m? Cs√-∂m-bn-cn°pw B¿°pw ]d-bm-\p-≠m-hp-I. F∂m¬ Cu "Dfp-∏n√mbva'sb Hcp t]mkn-‰ohv kwK-Xn-bmbn-´mWv ImtW-≠X - v. hmkvXh - Ø - n¬ F¥n-s\bpw t\cn-Sm\p≈ Hcp {XmWn-bm-W-Xv. cmjv{Sobw ssIImcyw sNøp-∂h¿°pw `c-W-N{Iw Xncn-°p-∂-h¿°pw A\n-hm-cy-am-bp≠mbncn-t°-≠XmWo KpWw. hnP-bs - a-∂X - ns‚ bYm¿∞ Xm¬]cyw e£yw t\SpI-bm-Wv. At∏mƒ PohnXhnP-b-sa-∂m¬ Pohn-X-Øns‚ e£yw t\SpI. AXn\v Pohn-X-Øns‚ e£ys-a-s¥∂v {Kln-®n-cn-°W - w. a\p-jy\v PohnXw In´n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Ah≥ B{K-ln-®nt´m Xm¬]-cy-s∏-´nt´m A√. GsXm-cmƒ°pw Hcp\mƒ Cu PohnXw Xo¿Øv Ftßmt´m t]mtI-≠-Xmbpw hcpw. AYhm Pohn-XØ - ns‚ Bcw-`hpw Ah-km-\hpw Hcmfp-sSbpw lnXm-\p-kr-Xa - √ kw`-hn-°p-∂X - v. F√mw at‰tXm Hcp temIØp \n∂p≈ Xocp-am-\-{]-Imcw kw`-hn-°p-I-bmsW-∂t- ]mse. AXn-\n-Sb - n¬ \ap°p In´p-∂X - s{X Cu hnes∏´ PohnXw. AXv Fß-s\-bmWv hn\n-tbm-Kn-t°-≠Xv? PohnXw sIm≠v F¥mWv Hcmƒ°v t\Sm-\p-≈Xv? Pohn-XØn¬ e£y-ap-≈-h¿°v am{Xta PohnXw Bth-i-I-c-am-bncn-°p-I-bp≈q. e£y-Øn-\p-th≠n, AXv t\Sp-∂-Xp-hsc, As√-¶n¬ B am¿K-Øn¬ Xs‚ Bflm-hn\v ico-csØ shSn-tb-≠n-h-cp-∂-Xp-h-sc, Bth-i-tØm-Sp-IqSn I¿a-\n-c-X\m-bn-cn-°m≥ Aßs\ a\p-jy\p Ign-bp-∂p. GsXmcp a\p-jy-\nepw hyXykvX Ign-hp-Ifpw {]m]vXn-Ifpw ImWmw. Ah Abmƒ°v kl-P-am-bn-cn-°pw. kl-P-amb F¥n-s\bpw AXns‚ ]cn-]q¿Æ-X-bn-se-Øn°p-I-bmWv a\p-jys‚ e£yhpw ZuXyhpw. AXn-\p- X° \ne-bn-emWv Ahs‚ krjvSnbpw kwhn-[m-\-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cn°pI. a\p-jy-\n¬ imco-cn-I-amb hf¿®bv°pw am\-kn-Iamb hf¿®bv°pw Bflo-b-amb hf¿®bv°pw th≠ ASnÿm\ aqe-Iß - ƒ D≈-Xp-sIm≠v Cu aq∂p \ne-bn-ep-ap≈ hf¿® Ahs‚ krjvSn-∏ns‚ e£y-am-sW∂p a\- n-em°mw. Cu hf¿®-Iƒ km[n-°p-∂X - n-eq-sS-bmWv AXn-\m¬ GsXm-cm-fp-sSbpw Pohn-X-hn-Pbw kw`-hn-°p-I-sb-∂-XmWv CΔn-jb-Ia - mb icn-bmb ImgvN∏ - m-Sv. a\p-jym-flm-hns‚ A\-iz-c-X-bn¬ hniz-kn-°p-∂bmƒ°v C°m-cy-Øn¬ icn-bmb Hcp-Øcw \¬Im≥ Ignbpw. sFlnI Pohn-X-Øn¬ Hcmƒ hnP-b-߃ hmcn-°q-´nbmepw HSp-hn¬ ac-WØ - ns‚ apºn¬ sN∂p ]cm-Pbw kΩXn-t°-≠-Xm-bn-´mWp hcn-I. At∏mƒ Xm≥ t\Snb hnP-bß-sf-sbm∂pw imiz-Xa - m-°m≥ Abmƒ°p Ign-bmsX hcp-

98

108

∂p. F∂m¬ ac-WsØ adn-IS- ∂v ho≠pw PohnX-Øn-te-s°-Øp-∂b - mƒ°mWv sFlnI hnP-b߃ \jvS-am-ImsX \ne-\n¿Øm-\m-Ip-∂-Xv. AXp-sIm-≠mWv a\p-jym-flm-hns‚ A\-iz-c-Xbn-¬ hniz-kn-°p-tºmtg Pohn-XØ - ns‚ km¿∞I-Xsb kw_-‘n®pw k^-e-Xsb kw_-‘n®p-ap≈ ImgvN-∏mSv kºq¿Æ-am-Ip-∂p-≈p F∂v ]d-bp-∂-Xv. HmSn-tbmSn Fhn-sS-bp-sa-ØmsX hoWp-t]m-Ip-∂-h-s\-t∏m-se-bm-bn-cn°pw A√mØ-]£w ac-W-Øn‚ apºn¬ a\p-jys‚ Ahÿ. Pohn-X-sØ-°p-dn®v ta¬ kqNn-∏n® XcØn-ep≈ ka-{Khpw AtXm-sSm∏w ]hn-{X-hp-amb ImgvN∏ - mSv kzmb-Øa - m-°m-\m-hi - y-amb Nn¥-Ifpw ]T-\-ßfpw Gsd t{]m’m-ln-∏n-°-s∏-tS-≠-Xp≠v. A√m-Ø-]£w {]Xo-£-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snb Hcp PohnXw km[y-am-In-√. Rms\¥p t\Sn-bn-s´¥m ac-Wt- Øm-Sp-IqSn F√mw ssIsh-Sn-tb-≠n-hc - ns√ F∂v tXm∂p∂ Hcmƒ°v F¥p {]Xo-£-bmWv Pohn- X - Ø n- e p- ≠ m- h pI? F√m {]Xo- £ bpw Xm¬°m-enIw am{X-am-bn-cn°pw Abmƒ°v. At∏mƒ Pohn-X-Øns‚ A¥yw ]cm-P-b-ØnseØn \n¬°p- ∂ - X m- b n- ´ m- W - \ p- ` - h - s ∏- S p- I . ]ns∂ PohnX hnP-b-sa∂ H∂p-Xs∂ aco-NnI am{X-am-bn-cn-°pw. PohnXw Bkz-Zn®p Xo¿°m-\p-≈-XmsW∂p Nn¥n-°p-∂h - c - mWv temIØv hf-sc-t∏¿. ]s£ Bkz-Zn®p Xocp-∂-Xn\p apºv AXßv \jvS-s∏-Sp-I-bt√ sNøp-∂Xv? Ah-km-\sØ izmkw hen-°p-∂-h¿ Hcp izmkw IqSn hen°m≥ Ign-s™-¶n¬ F∂m-{K-ln-°p-∂s - X-¥n\v? Nnesc-sbms° HmIvkn-P≥ sImSpØv GXm\pw izmkw IqSn hen-∏n-®nt´ kz¥-°m¿ Ah-km-\tØXv hnSm≥ kΩ-Xn-°m-dp-≈q. A-s√-¶nepw tIhe Bkzm-Z-\-sa∂ H∂pt≠m? Bkz-Zn-°W-sa-¶n¬ AXn-\p≈ hI-bp-≠m-IW - w. AXn-\mIs´ t¢in-°bpw thWw. At∏mƒ t¢ihpw Bkzm-Z\ - hpw IqSn-bX - mWv Pohn-Xs - a∂p ]d-tb≠n-h-cpw. F∂nt´m Bkzm-Z\w Hcp \n›nX Znhkw aXn-bm°n aS-ßn-t∏m-Ip-Ibpw thWw˛ kΩ-X-an-√msX Xs∂. Pohn-Xw-sIm≠v Fs¥-¶n-ep-sam∂v t\Sm\m-hWw. B t\Sp-∂Xv Cu Pohn-X-tØ-°mƒ henb Ft¥m Bh-Ww. B t\´w ImWm≥ ho≠pw PohnXw Xncn-®p-In-´p-Ibpw thWw. AXmWv bYm¿∞ PohnX hnP-bw. AXn\v Bflm-hns‚ A\-iz-c-X-bn¬ hniz-kn-s®-¶n¬ am{Xta km[n-°p-I-bp-≈q. Chn-sS-bmWv aX-ßfp-sS-sb√mw {]k-‡n.


Icn-bne kpssl¬ ]n. c≠mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv

Ime-Øns‚ NXn-hm¿∂ Hfn-t∏m-cn¬ \nd-kz-]v\-ß-fpsS aWn-am-fn-I-bn¬ \n∂Xm \n -lm-b-\mbn ASna thj-Øn¬ Abmƒ Cd-ßn-h-cp-∂p. Hm¿ΩI-fpsS NnX-bnse shÆo-dn¬ Xs‚ ssii-h˛- I - u-am-c˛- b - u-h\ - ß - f - psS DPze \mfp-Iƒ Abmƒ Xnc-bp-∂p. kz]v\-߃ t]mse Xs‚ ico-chpw Ime-Øn\v hgn-am-dn-b-X-bm-f-dn-bp-∂p. IÆm-Sn-bn¬ t\m°n-bt- ∏mƒ C∂-se-I-fpsS {]Xn-_nw-_-ß-sf√mw aßn-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv Abmƒ°v Zriy-ambn Ij-≠n-Øe - b - n¬ Ah-ti-jn® GXm-\pw shfpØ apSnbn-g-Iƒ Abmƒ hnd-bm¿∂ hnc-ep-Iƒ sIm≠v XS-hn-b-a¿Øn. Npa-ense X´-Øns‚ Xe-∏p-sIm≠v IÆpw IÆm-Snbpw XpS®p hrØn-bm°n ho≠pw t\m°n-b-t∏mƒ Ihn-fn-W-I-fnse Npfn-hp-Iƒ Imew Ft¥m AS-bm-f-s∏-Sp-Øn˛ bn´ hc-If - m-sW-∂b - mƒ°p tXm∂n. ap‰sØ πmhn¬ \n∂p hoWp InS-°p∂ Icn-bn-e-bnse DW-ßnb Rc-ºp-Iƒ t]mse. Iønse hSn-bq∂n \nh¿∂p \n∂v Abmƒ iq\yX-bn-te°p Ca-I-sf-dn-™p. B Ca-I-fn¬: s]bvXp XocmØ taml-߃°m-bp≈ {]Xo-£t- bm, Ah-km\bma-Ønse AXn-Yn-°m-bp≈ BImw-£tbm ?

109


\-thm-Vb - psS Imap-I≥

klve sI.-sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

hnhmlw Ign™v Xncn-®p-t]mbn \mtem At©m amk-am-b-t∏m-gtØ°v ctaiv ho≠pw \m´n¬ Xncn-s®Ønb-X-dn™v Iq´p-Im¿s°√mw A¤p-Xw. F¥m-bn-cn°mw C{X t\csØ aS-ßn-h-cm≥ Ahs\ t{]cn-∏n® D’m-lw? \thm-V-bmb cP-\nsb Gsd ]ncn-™p\n¬°m-\m-hm-Ø-XmWv {]iv\-sa-∂v F√mhcpw Icp-Xn. CS-bv°nsS \m´n¬ hcm≥ _p≤n-ap-´n-√mØ hn[w sa®s∏´ tPmen-bmWv cta-in\v Kƒ^n¬ F∂ hnhcw hnf-ºnb-hcpw Ipd-h-√. ]ns∂ tI´-XmWv kXyw. cP-\n°v Hcp clky Imap-I-\p-s≠∂v cta-in‚Ω Is≠-Øn-bn-cn-°p-∂p-h-s{X. Ah¿ AXv cta-ins\ Adn-bn®v DSs\ hc-W-sa-∂m-h-iys∏-´XmWv C{X s]s´∂h≥ Xncn-®p-h-cm\nS hcp-Øn-b-Xv. A\n-tj-[y-ß-fmb sXfn-hp-Iƒ kln-X-amWv AΩ Imcy߃ Ahs\ [cn-∏n-®-Xv. AΩ-b-t√, aIs‚ Imcy-Øn¬ Ah¿°p-≈{X Xm¬]cyw a‰m¿°p ImWpw ? Ahs‚ kpJ-am-Wt√m AΩ-bpsS kpJw; Ahs‚ Zp:Jw AΩbpsS Zp:Jhpw. cP-\n-bp-am-bp≈ cta-ins‚ hnhmlw AΩbv°njvS-an-√m-sX-bmWv \S-∂-Xv. ctaipw cP-\nbpw Ccp-hcpw tImtf-Pn-¬ ]Tn-°p∂ Ime-ØmWv XΩn¬ ASpØ-Xv. Aßs\ B ASp∏w i‡-amb {]W-b-ambn hf¿∂p. ]T\w Ign™p tPmen In´n-bm-ep-Ss\ hnhmlw Ign-°m-sa∂v ctaiv cP-\n°p hm°p sImSp-Ø-Xm-Wv. ]s£ Ah‚Ω Pm\In as‰m-cp-Ønsb Ah\p th≠n

100

110

I≠p-sh-®n-cp-∂p. Xm≥ I≠p-sh® s]¨Ip-´n-tbmSv kuμ-cy-Øn-em-bmepw kmº-ØnI tijn-bn-em-bmepw F{Xtbm Xmsg-bm-bn-´mWv cP-\nsb Pm\-In-bΩ I≠-Xv. ]s£ Xs‚ {]W-bn-\nsb thƒ°m-\p≈ cta-ins‚ \n¿_-‘-Øn\v hg-ßp-I-bm-bn-cp∂p Pm\-In-b-Ωbpw ctain‚—\pw HSp-hn¬. hnhmlw Ign™v BZy-amZyw \√ _‘-Øn-emWv Pm\-In-b-Ωbpw cP-\nbpw Ign-™p-t]m-∂-Xv. ]s£ ctaiv t]mb-tXmSp IqSn acp-a-I-tfm-Sp≈ Pm\-In-b-Ω-bpsS s]cpam‰Øn¬ `b-¶-c-amb hyXym-k-amWv {]I-S-am-bn-Øp-S-ßnb-Xv. cta-in\v Ahƒ kz¥-ambn t^m¨ hnfn-°p-∂Xpw kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xpw Ah¿ hne-°n. Ah-fpsS Hmtcm \S∏n\pw Ne-\-Øn\pw Ah¿ Ip‰w I≠p. Ah-fpsS apJØp {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ \n m-c-amb `mh-t`-Z-Øn¬ t]mepw Fs¥m-s°tbm e£-W-t°Sv Ah¿ Btcm-]n-®p. Aß-s\-bn-cns° cP-\n°v _m¶n¬ Xc-t°-Sn√mØ Hcp tPmen In´n. cta-in‚Ω-bpsS Adn-hn¬ s]SmsX-bmWv AhfXn\p {ian-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂-Xv. AhcXn\p kΩ-Xn-°ns√∂p Ahƒ°-dn-bmambn-cp-∂p. tPmen In´n-btXmsS \m´nepw kaq-l-Ønepw cP-\n-bpsS A¥- pb¿∂p. Pm\-In-b-Ωbv°v Ah-tfm-Sp≈ tZjyw h¿≤n-°pIbpw sNbvXp. DtZym-K-Øn\v t]mtIs≠∂mWv Pm\-InbΩ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´-Xv. "ChnsS Fs‚ tam≥ ctaiv F√m-Øn\pw \n\°v ]W-a-b®p Xcp-∂p-≠v. ]ns∂-sb-¥n-\mWv s\\-s°m-cptZymKw?' Pm\-In-bΩ cP-\n-tbmSv tNmZn-®p. ]s£ cP\n Xt‚Xmb Xocp-am-\-Øn¬ Dd®p \n∂p. cta-ins‚ A`m-h-Øn¬ X\n°p PohnXw t_md-Sn°m-Xn-cn-°p-∂-Xn\v Fs¥-¶n-ep-samcp F≥sK-bvPvsa‚ v \√-Xm-sW∂hƒ Nn¥n-®p. am{X-a√ `¿Ør-Kr-l-Øn¬ X\n°Xp-hgn IqSp-X¬ aXn∏pw hnebpw D≠m-bn-cn-°pIbpw sNøpw. cta-ip-ambn AΩ-b-dn-bmsX _‘-s∏-´t∏mƒ Ah\pw Ahsf t{]m’m-ln-∏n-®-tX-bp-≈q. Pm\-In-bΩ kzIm-cy-ambn cta-ins\ t^mWn¬ hnfn-®n´v Cßs\ ]d™p: "FSm tamt\ cta-im, s\s‚ sI´n-tbm-sfm≠t√m Ahƒ°v ho´p-th-e-I-fn-sem∂pw Hcp Xm¬]-tcymw√. AWn-s™mcpßn Aßs\ \S°vW Ahƒ°v F√mw


Rms\m-cp-°ns°mSp-°-Ww. C∏w C\n tPmen°pw ]qΔms{X. Rmt\bv s‚ tamfvsS ho´v°v ]qΔm, \n°v hø Hmsf Xo‰n-t∏m-‰m\pw HmƒsS ]m{Xw tamdm-\pw. \osø¥m Hmsfs°m≠v IcvXo°vWv∂z®m sNbvtXm.'' AΩ t^m¨ I´v sNbvXp. cP-\n°p cta-ins‚ ho´n¬ BZy-ambn Ib-dn-h-∂t∏mƒ ASp-°-f-th-e-I-sfm∂pw Adn-™n-cp-∂n-√. ]s£, Ct∏mghƒ Krl-tPm-en-I-fn-se√mw kmam\yw ]cn-io-e\w t\Sn-°-gn-™p. F¥p tPmen sNøm\pw Ahƒ k∂-≤bm-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£ Ahƒs°m∂pw Adn-bn-s√∂v hcp-ØnØo¿°m-\m-bn-cp∂p Pm\-In-b-Ω-bpsS {iaw. Ahƒ NqseSpØv ASn-®p-hm-cm≥ XpS-ßn-bm¬ Pm\-In-bΩ kq£v-aambn t\m°n-\n¬°pw. A¬]w Ign-™m¬ Ah-fp-tSXv th≠Xp t]msebmhp-∂ns√∂ a´n¬ Ah¿ Nqep hmßn ASn-°m≥ XpS-ßpw. Ahƒ ]m{Xw tamdn-bm¬ Pm\-InbΩ AXv kq£va ]cn-tim-[\ \SØpw. sXm´p-t\m°nbpw aWØp t\m°nbpw acp-a-I-fpsS the A]-cym]vX-am-sW∂p Ah¿ hn[n-°pw. F∂n´v kz¥w ssI sIm≠v c≠m-aXv t\sc-bm-°pw. cta-ip-am-bp≈ cP-\n-bpsS hnhmlw Ign-™n´v Ct∏mƒ A©p amkam-bn-°m-Wpw. Pm\-In-b-Ωbv°v Ahtfm-Sp≈ hntZz-j-Øn\pw A©p amkw. cP\n X\n°p In´p∂ iºfw amkw tXmdpw cta-in‚Ω-bpsS Iøn¬ sImSp-°pw. ]s£ AhcXv hmßm≥ Iq´m-°m-dn-√. ""s\s‚ Imsim∂pw \n°v th≠. \ns°s‚ tam\-b-°vWsXs∂ FºmSpw aXn. t]mcm-™v´s√ \o DtZym-K-Øn\v t]mWXv ? \o Xs∂ sht®m.'' CXm-bn-cn°pw At∏msg√mw Ah-cpsS {]Xn-I-c-Ww. cP-\n-bpsS PohnXw Aßs\ k¥m-]-I-ep-jn-X-am-bn. Hcp Znhkw cta-in‚Ω Bip-]-{Xn-bn¬ t]mbn Hmt´m-dn-£-bn¬ aSßn hcn-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. cP\n _m¶ns‚ apºn¬ Hcp sNdp-∏-°m-c-\p-samØv kwkm-cn®p \n¬°p∂Xv Ah-cpsS {i≤-bn¬ s]´p. Ah¿ CXp Xs∂ ]‰nb X°w F∂p I≠v B cwKw ctaiv Kƒ^n¬ \n∂v sImSpØ-b® Xs‚ samss_¬ Iyma-d-bn¬ ]I¿Øn. ho´n-seØnb DSs\ Ah¿ cta-ins\ hnfn-®p. ""FSm cta-ti, s\\-°n-\nbpw CsXms° kln°m≥ ]‰p-ws∂z®m¬ Fs∂ s\\°v In´n-√. \ns‚ sI´nb s]Æp-≠s√m Ahƒ°v as‰m-cp-Ø-\p-≠v. Ah¿ c≠p-t]cpw Ft∏mgpw Hcp-an-®mWv \S-°m-dp-≈-Xv. \o thKw h∂v Ahsf Hcp ]mTw ]Tn-∏n-®n-s√-¶n¬ Imcyw A∏Sn hj-fm-Ip-∂n-S-sØ-Øpw. \o thKw H∂nßp hm. CXv s\‚Ω-bmWv ]td-W-Xv. Rm\pw A—\pw At∂ ]d™Xm AXv th≠m-∂v, s\\-°s∏m AhsfØs∂ In´Ww. Rm≥ samt_-en¬ ]nSn®v sh®n-´p≠v Ah-fvsS irwKm-cw. \o h∂v c≠m-sem-∂m-°o´v s]mbvt°m.'' AΩ t^m¨ I´v sNbvXp. ctaiv cP-\n°p hnfn-®-t\zjn-°m≥ \n∂n-√. Ah≥ £a sI´v \m´n-te°v Xncn-®p. ho´n¬ Ib-dnb DSs\ cP\nsb Xnc-°n. Ahƒ tPmen°p t]mb-Xm-bn-cp∂p. ctaiv ho´n¬ Ahsf ImØn-cp-∂p. Ahƒ _m¶n¬ \n∂p hcp∂ hgn Ah-fpsS apJØv Bs™mcp ho°v.

""ltøm... ltøm... F‚-t∏m... Fs∂ sIm√p-t∂... '' F∂p ]d™v \ne-hn-fn®v Ahƒ AItØ-t°m-Sn. ctaiv AΩ-bpsS Iøn¬ \n∂p samss_¬ hmßn Iyma-d-bn¬ Ahfpw Hcp sNdp-∏-°m-c\pw H‰bv°p \n∂v irwKm-c-`m-h-Øn¬ kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xns‚ Nn{Xw Ahsf ImWn-®p-sIm≠v: CXm-sc-So... F∂e-dn. F∂n´hsf ho≠pw ASn-®p. kXy-Øn¬ Xs∂ F¥n-\mWv {]l-cn-°p-∂-sX-t∂m, ctaiv F¥n-\mWv C{X s]s´∂v \m´n-te°v Xncn-®p-t]m∂-sXt∂m Ahƒ°-dn-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p. ""\osb-¥n-\mSm Ahsf ASn°qw ]nSn°qw sNøW-Xv, Ah-sf-b-ßv AhfvsS ho´o-s°m-≠m-°v. _m°n Imcyw ]ns∂ ]d-bm.'' cta-in‚—-\mWXv ]d-™-Xv. ""Fs∂ \nß-fmcpw FhntSw B°n-Ø-c-≠. F‚®\pw AΩbpw Pohn-®n-cn-∏v-≠v. Ah-cnt∏m Csß-Øpw, Rm≥ Ah-cvsS IqsS s]mbvs°m-≈m. Rms\mc\m-Y-sbm∂p-a-√, \nß-fvsS ASnbpw Nhn´pw sIm≈m≥.'' Ahƒ IÆo-scm-en-∏n®pw tXß-e-S-°m≥ Ign-bm-sXbpw CXv ]dbp-tºm-tg°pw Hcp Bƒt´m Im¿ B ho´ns‚ apºn¬ h∂p \n∂p. ""Cd-sß-So. \ns‚ km[-\-ß-sfms° FSv. BZyw t]meokv tÃj-\n¬ t]mI-Ww. C∏-Øs∂. s\s‚ samJsØ ASn sIm≠ ho°w t]meo-kp-Im¿°v ImWn®p sImSp-°-Ww. Ch-sc-sbms° Hcp ]mTw ]Tn-∏n°m≥ F\n-°-dn-bp-sa∂v ImWn®p sImSp-°-Ww. thKw hm. Cu ZpjvS≥am-cpsS ho´n¬ C\n Hcp an\v´v \n∂p-IqSm.'' cP-\n-bpsS A—≥ Ah-fpsS ssI ]nSn®v Ahsf Cd°n Imdn¬ Ib-‰n. Ah-fpsS AΩ IÆo-tcmsS Ahsc ]n¥p-S¿∂p. ctaiv CXn-I¿Ø-hy-Xm-aq-V-\mbn \n∂p. Ahs‚ AΩbpw A—\pw ]cn-{`-an-®p-sIm≠v Ccp hi-ß-fn-epw. hnd-bv°p∂ Np≠p-I-tfmsS A—≥ ]d™p: ""t]meo-kpIm¿ DS-s\-sbØpw. Hcpßn \nt∂m-fo≥. kv{Xo ]oU-\t°km hcm≥ t]mI-W-Xv. Ah-cm-sW¶n \Ωsft∏mse-b√, kzm[o-\-t≈m-cm''. \nan-j-߃°Iw Hcp sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ cta-ins‚ ho´n-seØn Ahs\ At\z-jn-®p. ctaiv Cdßn h∂p t\m°n. ""ctaiv \o F¥n-\mWv cP-\nsb {]l-cn-®Xv ? Ahƒ F\n-°n-t∏mƒ hnfn-®n-cp-∂p. Rm≥ Ah-fpsS IqsS _m¶n¬ tPmen sNøp∂ Poh-\-°m-c-\m-. F\n°v eohmbXn\m-¬ Rm≥ sNtø≠ Nne Imcy-߃ ]d-t™¬∏n-°pI-bm-bn-cp∂p \n‚Ω Rß-fpsS t^mt´m samss_¬ Iyma-d-bn¬ ]I¿Øn-b-t∏mƒ. shdpw sX‰n-≤m-c-W-bmWv \ns‚ \S-]-Sn°p ]n∂n¬ {]h¿Øn-®n-´p-≈-Xv. Rm≥ t]mI-s´, CXp ]d-bm≥ h∂-Xm-Wv. cP\n kXym-hÿ \ns∂ Adn-bn-°m≥ ]d-™-tXm≠p h∂-Xm...'' sNdp-∏-°m-c≥ Cd-ßn-t∏m-Ip-tºmƒ Hcp t]meokv hm≥ B hoSns\ e£y-am°n hcp-∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. ]nt‰ Znhkw ]{X-Øn¬ hm¿Ø h∂p: ""kv{Xosb ]oUn-∏n® `¿Ømhpw ho´p-Imcpw Ad-Ãn¬.''

111


102

Iuamcw ]n∂n´p buh\w hs∂Øn IuXp-Iw -ap-‰n-Sp-sa≥ PohnXw. amdp-I-bmWp Rms\≥ tZl-a-{Xbpw am‰-Øn≥ e£Ww ImWn-°-bmbv. C√n\n h√-`≥ h∂m-ep-sa≥ apºn¬ sX√pw hg-ßn√ t\cnSpw Rm≥. sam´m-bn-cp-s∂≥ hnIm-cß - f - {- Xbpw s]m´n-hn-S¿∂p Xg-®n-Sp-∂p. {]W-b-Øn≥ hrμm-h-\-Øn-sem-cp- h-≠m˛ sbØpw Rm≥ ]m´p-Iƒ aqfn-aq-fn, kvt\l-Øn≥ aI-c-μ-sam-Øncn \pI-cp-hm˛ \m¿Øn s]cpØ ]n]m-kp-hm-bn. ]qt¥≥ Xcp-In-se≥ ]q°tf \n߃°v ]pf-I-߃ \¬Ipw ]I-c-ambv Rm≥. DZym-\-a-[y-Øn¬ Imhyw hnc-Nn®p kZy hnfºn aS-ßnSpw Rm≥. hn`-h-ßsf{Xtbm I¨ap-ºn¬ ImWp∂p Ah kz¥-am-°m≥ Rm≥ shºn-Sp∂p. Bsc¥p \¬Im≥ aSn-®m-ep-a-h-sb-√m˛ sa≥ i‡n-bm-eßp hmßnSpw Rm≥. ap´p-a-S-°m-tØm-cn-s√s‚ apºn¬ Rm≥ X´n-sØ-dn-∏n°pw kI-e-sØbpw. F≥ {]nb-ap-t≈m¿X≥ Ih-N-sa-\n-°p-s≠≥ Iq´p-sI-´m-sW-∂p-sa≥ ]n≥_ew. kn≤m-¥-ap-≠mhmw thZm-¥-ap-≠m-hm-˛ aXp ]s£ buh\w Xo¿∂n-´m-hmw. F≥ tXm∂¬ Xs∂-bm-sW-∂psS kn≤m-¥˛ aXns\ \nb-{¥n-°m-\m¿°p ss[cyw ?

112

buh\ hntijw apl-ΩZv ss^dqkv Aen ss^\¬ _n.-tImw.-


Po-hn-Xhpw ac-Whpw apkv^n-d ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. tkmtjym-fPn

Pohn-X-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Nn¥ ac-WsØ°qSn Dƒs°m-t≈-≠X - p-≠v. P\-\hpw ac-Whpw Pohn-X-Øns‚ c≠-‰-ß-fm-b-Xn-\m¬ Ah c≠n-s\bpw Dƒs°m-≈msX Pohn-XsØ°pdn-®p≈ k¶ ¬]w Fßs\ ]q¿Æ-am-hm\m-Wv ? sXm´n¬ hnNmcw I ´n¬ hnNm-cØ - n-emWv FØnt®-tc-≠-Xv. aWn-ta-S-sb-°pdn®pw aWn-b-d-sb-°p-dn-®pap≈ Btem-N\ ivaim-\Ønepw Ipgn- a m- S - Ø nepw sN∂p-\n¬°-Ww. F∂m¬ Pohn-XN - n-¥b - n¬ ac-WN - n-¥bv°p≈ {]k‡n tNmZyw sNøp∂ Hcp temI-Øn-te°mWv \mw FØn-s°m-≠ncn-°p-∂-Xv. B[p-\nI imkv{X-Øns‚ km[y-XI - ƒ a\p-jy-\n¬ \n∂v ac-WØ - nte-°p≈ Zqc-ssZ¿Lyw h¿ ≤n-∏n-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-I-bmsW∂ anYym-[m-c-W-bmWv F√m-bn-SØpw hym]-Ia - m-Ip∂-X.v h√- h cpw acn- ® n- S Øv sN√ptºm-gmWv X\n°pw Hcp \mƒ acn-°W-at√m F∂ hnNmcw an°-bm-fp-Ifnepw DW-cp-∂-Xv. acn-®n-SØv IqSp-

∂Xv F√m-h¿°p-an-S-bn¬ Hcp kmaqlnI acym-Zbpw NS-ßpam-bX - n-¬ Cßs\-sbmcp cl-kyhpw AS-ßn-bn-cn-°-

Ww. As√-¶n¬ Poh≥ t]mbn-°gn™ Hcp PUw adhp sNøp-∂-Xn\v F¥n-\mWn{X hensbmcp P\-°q´w? ct≠m \mtem hy‡n-Iƒ°v sNøm-

hp-∂-X-t√-bp≈q AXv ? ac-W-®-S-ßpI-fn¬ ]s¶-Sp-°p-∂-Xn\v aX-]-c-amb {]m[m-\y-ap-≈Xpw CXp-sIm-≠p-Xs - ∂bm-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v a\- n-em°mw. Ab-e-sØbpw kz¥°m- c p- s Sbpw hoSp- I - f nse acWw GsXm- c m- f p- s Sbpw a\- n¬ D≠m-°p∂ Ne\w Abm-fpsS Pohn-X-Ønepw GXm\pw \mƒh- t c- s °¶nepw Xßn- \ n¬°p- ∂ Xv A\p-`-h-a-s{X. ac-W-tØmfw Dd-∏p≈ Hcp Imcyw Pohn- X - Ø n¬ as‰m-∂p-an-√. as‰¥pw kw`hn-°m\pw kw`-hn-°m-Xn-cn°m\pw km[y-X-bp-≈-XmsW-¶n¬ acWw kw`-hn-°mXn-cn-°m≥ H´pw km[y-X-bn√mØ H∂m-W.v kw`-hn-°pI Xs∂ sNøp-sa∂pd-∏p≈XmW-Xv. F∂m¬ AXv F∂v, Ft∏mƒ, FhnsS sh®v , Fßs\ F∂ Imcy-Øn¬ bmsXmcpd- ∏ pan- √ - X m\pw. P\n-®Xp apX¬°v AXns‚ t\sc GsXm-cmfpw k©-cn-®p-sIm-≠ncn-°p-∂p. AtX kabw Xm≥ F¥ns‚ t\sc-bmWv k©-cn-®p-sIm≠n-cn-°p-∂Xv F∂ ImcysØ°pdn®v

113


Abmƒ t_m[-hm-\-√. FØp-tºmgmWv Chn-tS-°m-bn-cp-∂t√m X\ns° tØ-≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv F∂bmƒ Ae-ap-dbn-Sp-∂-Xv. ]s£ At∏m-g-tØ°pw IpX-dn-am-dm≥ Ign-bmØ hn[w AXn s‚ ]nSn-bn¬ Abmƒ Aa¿∂p Ign™n-cn-°pw. ac- W - s Ø- ° p- d n- ® p≈ Nn¥ icnbm-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\-\p-k-cn-®mWv Pohn-XsØ°pdn-®p≈ Nn¥bpw icnbm-hp-∂X - .v ac-Wt- ØmSp IqSn PohnXw F∂-tØ-°p-ambn \in-°p-sa-∂m-sW¶n¬ PohnXw sIm≠v Fs¥-¶nepw kºm-Zn-°p-∂X - n¬ bmsXmc¿∞-hp-ap≠m-bn-cn-°n-√. PohnXw ac-W-Øns‚ IShp IS∂v A\-iz-c-X-bpsS Xoc-aW-bn-°p-sa∂p hcp-tºm-gmWv AXv Pn⁄m-km-`-cn-X-am-bn-cn-°p-I. {]Xo£-tbmSp IqSnb ac-WØ - n\v At∏mƒ am{X-amWv GsXm-cmƒ°pw km[n-°pI. A√mØ ]£w, AYhm acWw Pohn-X-Øn\v A¥yw Ipdn-°p-sa-∂msW-¶n¬, XnI™ \ncm-i-tbm-Sp-Iq-Snbm-bn-cn°pw Hcmƒ AXn\p hnt[-bambn A¥y-izmkw hen-°p-∂-Xv. acWw Pohn-XØ - n\v Fs∂-t∂-

104

114

°p- a mbn A¥yw Ipdn- ° p- s a- ¶ n¬ km[y-amb F√m kpJ-tem-ep-]X - bpw BUw- _ - c - ] q¿Æ- X bpw A\p- ` - h n°m≥ a\p-jy≥ Xs‚ Xm¬°m-enI Bbp v hn\n-tbm-Kn-°p-∂n-s√-¶n¬ AXv F{Xtbm henb h¶-Ø-am-bn-cn°pw. XymKm-\p-jvTm\w a\p-jy\v D]tZ-in-°p-∂tX t`mj-Øw. alm-\mb Ae-Ivkm-≠¿ N{I-h¿Øn temIw Pbn-®-S-°n-sb-¶nepw ac-W-th-f-bn¬ C{]-Imcw {]kvXm-hn-®p-hs{X : ""Rm≥ acn-°m≥ t]mhp-I-bm-Wv, F\n°v bmsXmcp hkvXphpw IqsS-s°m≠p t]mhm\mhp-∂n√. AXn-\m¬ Rm≥ sNbvXp Iq´n-b-sX√mw Hcp hrYm-the-bm-bn-cp-∂p. P\-߃ CXv {Kln®v Fs‚ hnUvVn-Ø-߃ a\- n-em-°s´.'' Pohn-Xm-¥y-Øn¬ Xs‚ Pohn-XØns‚ s]mXp]co£sbgp-Xp-tºmƒ Cu hmNIw hn´p-I-f-bm-Xn-cn-°m≥ {i≤n-°Ww Gh-cpw. ico- c - Ø n- s \- b mWv acWw _m[n-°p-∂-Xv. ico-c-Øns‚ \ne\n¬°m-\p≈ Ignhv Xocp-∂-tXmSp IqSn Poh\v AXn- \ - I Øv \ne\n¬°m≥ Ign- b m- X m- h p- I - b m- W v .

Aßs\ AXv ico-cØ - n-\I - Øv \n∂v ]pdØp IS-°p-∂p. AXmWv acWw aptJ\ kw`-hn-°p-∂-Xv. IqSv {Zhn®pIgn-bp-tºmƒ AXn-\-IsØ ]£n \n¬°m- \ m- h msX ]d∂p t]mIp-∂Xp t]mse. Aßs\ icocw `qan-bpsS `mK-am-hp-Ibpw Bflmhv Bflob temI-Øns‚ `mK-am-hp-Ibpw sNøp-∂p. Bflmhv \nXy-am-Ip-∂p. AXns\ \miw _m[n-°p-∂n-√. AXv ta¬t∏m-´mWpb-cp-∂X - .v icocw aÆn¬ \n∂p≈ Awi-߃ tN¿∂-Xm-b-Xn\m¬ AXv aÆ-Sn-bp-I-bm-bn-cn°pw A\-¥cw kw`-hn-°p-I. CXmWv PohnXw, acWw F∂n-ßs\ ]d-bp-tºmƒ A¿∞-am-°p-∂X - v. ssZhnI -sh-fn-]m-Sns‚ ASnÿm-\-Øn¬ cq]w sIm≠ aX-Nn-¥bn¬ Bflm-hns‚ imizX ku`m-KyØn\v a\p-jy≥ tkmt±iyw {]h¿Ønt°-≠-Xp-≠v. F¥v, Fßs\ {]h¿Øn-°-W-sa∂v aXw ]Tn-∏n-°p∂p-ap-≠v. BI-bm¬ aXm-flI PohnX-Øn-eqsS am{Xta a\p-jy\v \nXy tam£hpw tamN-\hpw Ic-KXam-°m≥ Ign-bq.


kvacn-°m-s\mcp kulr-Z° - q´v h¿j-{X-bß - ƒX≥ em`-\j - vSß - s - f≥ ZrjvSn°p apºn-embv Iq´n-bn-Sp∂p Rm≥.

kulr-Zk - u-`m-Ky˛ aXp-am{Xw t\Sn Rm≥ kuIcyw t]msebo aq∂m-≠p-Iƒ°-Iw.

ss^k¬ A_vZp-d-kmJv.F≥.-sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F Cw•ojv

buh\w ]qØp-e˛ s™≥ Pohn-X-Ønse bn°m-ea - {- X-bp˛ sa¥n-embv Xo¿Øp Rm≥ ? em`w Xnc-™n´p ImWp-∂X - n-s√m´pw eme-kn-®m-kz-Zn˛ s®√mw Xpe®p Rm≥. A`n-\b \mfp-I˛ f`n-cma \mfp-I˛ fh-\n-bn¬ aXnad˛ ∂mSnb \mfp-Iƒ. NØp-a-e-®-h˛ sbØp-I-bn-√n-\n˛ sb{X-\mƒ ImØm-ep˛ sa{X-°c - ™ m-epw.

t\mth‰p am\kw \odp∂ thf-bn¬ a\- n¬ Ihn-X-bm˛ sbØpam kulr-Zw. aμ-kvanXw sNmcn-˛ s™≥ X]vXl - r-Øn-s\˛ bm\μ Xpμn-e˛ am°pw Ipfn¿h\w Nßm-Xn-am-cn-√˛ sb¶n¬ ]ns∂-ßs\ _ncp-Zhpw ]´hpw A¿∞-hØ - m-bnSpw? AXn-\m-se≥ Iq´tc hoS-W™ o-SpI F√mw e`n-s®∂ kwXr-]vXn-tbmsS \mw.

115


B\-∏I

hnjvWp F.-]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

ae-I-b-dm≥ C{X-ta¬ _p≤nap-´p-≠m-Ip-sa-∂d - n-™n-cp-s∂-¶n¬ Ip™-∏≥ BZyta AXn\v Xøm-dmhp-I-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p. sImSpw XWp-∏v. GXp-k-a-bØpw lnw{k P¥p-°fpsS ]nSn-bn¬ s]Sm-sa∂ ÿnXn. A—s‚ ap≥Im-e-kp-lrØpw \mbm´p-hn-ZK - v[\ - p-amb skbvZm-°b - psS t{]c-Wb - m-emWv Hscm-gn-hp-Zn-hkw Ah-\Xn\p kabw Is≠-Øn-b-Xv. Xs‚ Bfl-kp-lr-Øns‚ hnclw krjvSn® a\:t¢i-Øn\v Abm-fpsS ]p{Xs‚ km∂n[yw aqew Bizmkw Is≠-Øm≥ {ian-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp∂p skbvZm-°. GXm-bmepw ho´n¬ \n∂p ]pd-s∏-´p-t]m∂v ae-I-b‰w Bcw-`n®pIgn™ ÿnXn°v C\n ]n¥n-cn-™p-Iq-S. a‰p-≈-h¿°n-S-bn¬ `ocp-hmbn Nn{Xo-I-cn-°-s∏-Sp-∂-Xn-epw t`Zw Nmhp-∂-Xm-sW∂p hniz-kn® A—s‚ bYm¿∞-]p-{X≥ Xs∂ Ip™-∏≥. hntZ-iS- q-dn-Ãp-Is - fbpw \m´nse hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ, sNdp-∏°m¿ apX-em-b-h-scbpw ae-I-b-dm≥

106

116

klm-bn-°p-Ibpw Ahn-Sß - f - nse ImgvN-I-sf-°p-dn®pw Ah-bp-ambn _‘-s∏´ sFXn-ly-ß-sf-°p-dn®pw hnh-cn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøp-IbmWv ap≥ \m-bm´-\p-`h - ß - f - psS _e-Øn¬ skbvZm-°b - psS sXmgn¬. ae-I-b‰-Øn-\n-Sb - n¬ B\-s°mºv tamjvSm-°s - fbpw acw apdn-®p-I-SØp-∂h - s - c-bpsa√mw skbvZm° I≠pap-´m-dp-≠v. ]s£ AX-hc - psS sXmgn-se∂ \ne°p I≠v


IÆ-S° - p-Ib - mWv skbvZm° sNømdv. Xs‚ \mbm-´p-Im-esØ [oc-km-lk - n-IX - I - s - f-°p-dn-®p-Xs - ∂bp≠v skbvZm-°m°v H´-h-\[n IYIƒ ]d-bm≥. ae-I-b-dp-∂-h¿°v A°-Y-Iƒ s]mSn∏pw sXmßepw sh®v BI¿j-I-ambn ]d-™p-sIm-Sp°m≥ Hcp {]tXyI Ign-hp-≠v skbvZm-°m-°v. ae-I-b‰w Aßs\ kpK-aa - m-°n-s°m-Sp°pw skbvZm-°. ae-I-b-‰-°m¿°v aS-ßn-t∏m-cp∂-Xn-\p-ap-ºmbn shSn-sh∏v ]Tn-∏n-®psIm-Sp-°pIIqSn sNøpI skbvZm-°bpsS ]Xn-hm-Wv. XZm-hi - ym¿∞w skbvZm° Iøn-se-Sp-°m-dp≈ tXm°v ssek≥kp-≈X - p-Xs - ∂. \nb-ae - w-L\w sskZm-°m°v CjvSan-√mØ Imcy-am-Wv. _m°n-bp-≈-h¿ Ft¥m BI-s´, Xs‚ ssIsIm≠v cmPy-Øns‚ Hcp \nb-ahpw ewLn°m-Xn-cn-°m≥ XnI™ hmin-tbmsS sskZm° {i≤n-°m-dp-≠v. tXm°psIm≠v shSn-sh-°m≥ am{X-a-√, AXns‚ F√m-Xcw sa°m-\n-khpw Adnbpw skbvZm-°m-°v. AXv F√mh¿°pw hnh-cn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNøpw. Ct∏mƒ skbvZm° tXms°Sp-°p-∂-Xv arK-ßsf shSn-sh-°m-\√, Ah-bpsS t{Zmlw Hgn-hm-°m≥ BIm-i-tØ°v shSn-sh®v Ahsb Xpc-Øm≥ am{X-am-Wv. Im´nse arKßsf sIm√p-∂Xv cmPy-\n-ba - ߃s°-∂t- ]mse Xs‚ [m¿ΩnI t_m[-Øn\pw FXn-cm-sW-∂mWv skbvZm° a\- n-em-°p-∂-Xv. apºv \mbm-´n-\p- t]m-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ apb-ens\bpw am\n-s\bpw Im´n-t∏m-Øn-s\bp-sams° th´-bm-Sn-bn´pw t^md-ÃpIm-cpsS IÆp-sh-´n®v ho´n-se-Øn®n´pw hn¬]\ \S-Øn-bn-´p-sa-√m-ap≠v. AsXms° apºv. A∂v skbvZm°m°v th≠{X tZiob t_m[hpw aX-t_m-[h - p-sam∂pw hf¿∂n-´n-√m-bncp-∂p. C∂p-]s£ skbvZm° XnI™ tZio-bh - m-Znbpw aX-hn-izmkn-bp-sa-√m-am-Wv. AXn-\m¬ \nb-aew-L\w Xm\m-bn-´p≠mhn-s√-∂Xv aq∏¿°v Xo¿®-bm-Wv. Xs∂-bp-a-√, a\p-jy≥ arK-ßsf t{Zmln-°p-∂-Xp-

sIm-≠mWv arK-߃ a\p-jys‚ i{Xp-°-fmbn amdp-∂-sX∂ Hcp hnizmkw IqSn skbvZm-°m-°p-≠v. Ip™-∏\v BZy-amZyw tXm∂nb apjn∏pw aSnbpw ae-I-b-‰Ønse ck-tØmSpw Np‰p-h-´-ßfnse ImgvNI - t- fmSpw skbvZm-°bpsS kml-kn-IXmhnh-cW - t- ØmSpw CW-ßn-bt- XmsS amdn-Øp-Sß - n. Aßs\ skbvZm-°m- s‚ t\Xr-XzØn¬ ae-I-b-d¬ kwLw apt∂m´v\o-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Hcp i_vZw tI´p. skbvZm-°m-°Xv Nnc-]-cn-Nn-Xam-bn-cp-∂p. kwL-Ønse a‰p-≈h¿°m¿°pw AXv ]cn-Nn-X-a-√m-bn-cp∂p. ss[cyw \Sn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ skbvZm-°b - psS Ime-Sn-Iƒ°v {ItaW thK-X Ip-d-™p-h-cp-∂-XpI≠ kwLmw-K-߃ `b-hn-lz-e-cmbn. "AsXm-cp sImº-\mWv∂m tXm∂-W-Xv. Hcp Nqcp -h-cv-Wv≠v. sImb-s∏m-∂q-√. Hm≥ Hms‚ ]Wnt\m°n s]mbvt°m-fpw. \Ωƒ \ΩfpsS ]Wn-t\m-°nt∏m-bm-aXn, skbvZm° \bw hy‡-am-°n-bt∏mƒ F√m-hcpw Xe-bm-´n. "\n°n≥, C\n Ib-dm≥ hc-s´. Ipd®-∏pdw cmP-sh-ºm-e-IfpsS hnlm-cÿ-e-am-Wv'. CXpw ]d™v skbvZm° tXm°v Dd-bn¬ \n∂v ]pd-sØ-SpØv Xnc-bpsS InS-s∏ms° icn-sb-∂p-d-∏m°n AXp-ambn Db-cap≈ Hcp ac-Øn≥ta¬ Ib-dn. F∂n´v s]s´-∂n-dß - n-bn´v "B sImº≥ AhnsS \n¬∏p-≠v. \Ω°v hgn-am-dn-t∏m-I-Ww. As√¶n kwKXn sImb-∏mIpw' F∂p-]d - ™ p-sIm≠v as‰mcp hgn°v \oßm≥ XpS-ßn-bt∏mƒ Ip™-∏≥ ]d™p: "th≠ C\n Xncn-®p-t]m-Δm... C{X-sbms° kml-kn-IX aXn. Poh≥ ]Wbw sh®n-´p≈ Ifn-th-≠'. Ip™-∏≥ IÆo-scm-en-∏n-®p. s]s´∂v Ft¥m HSn-bp∂ i_vZw ASp-Øp-\n∂p tI´p. H∏w B\-bpsS Nqcpw. F√m-hcpw B Zni-bn-te°v ZrjvSn ]mbn-®p. "AXm Hscm-‰s - °m-º≥ ac-®n-√sbm-Sn-®p\n¬°p-∂p. AXns‚ Imen≥ta¬ Hcp {hWw ]gp-sØm-en°p-∂-p-≠v.

apsºm-cn-°¬ R߃ ae-I-b-dn-bt∏mƒ Ip™-∏‚—≥ shSn-sh-®-XmW-Xv. B {hWw HW-ßn-√. AXpsIm-≠p-Xs∂ Ahs‚ ]Ibpw HWßn-√. A—-t\m-Sp≈ ]I B\ aIt\m-Sp-ho-´pw. Ip™-∏≥ thKw acØn≥ta¬ Ib-dv'. skbvZm° ]d™p. Ip™-∏≥ DSs\ acØn≥ta¬ Ib-dn. a‰p-≈-hcpw Hmtcm ac-Øns‚ apI-fn-se-Øn. B\ Nn∂w-hn-fn-bp-ambn Ip™-∏≥ Ibdnb ac-Øn-s‚ Nph-´n¬ sN∂p-\n∂v ac-Øn¬ Nhn-´m≥ XpS-ßn. Ip™∏≥ acWw apºn-se-Øn-\n¬°p-∂Xmbn I≠p-\n¬°p-∂X - n-\n-Sb - n¬ skbvZm° ac-Øns‚ apI-fn¬ \n∂v B\-bpsS tZlØv sIm≈m-Øh - n[w c≠p-aq∂p \nd-sbm-gn-®p. AtXmsS B\ `b-t∂m-Sn-. "C\n-bn-hnsS \n¬t°≠ thKw Cd-ßn-t°m-fo≥' F∂m⁄ \¬In skbvZm° ap∂n¬ \S-°m≥ XpS-ßn. _m°n-bp-≈-h¿ ]n∂n-epw. Ip™-∏≥ ASn-apSn hnd-°p-∂p-≠mbn-cp-∂p. skbvZm-°-bpsS apJ-ØmIs´ h√m-sØmcp \oc-k-hpw. Xm\pw Ip™-∏-‚-—\pw IqSn G¬∏n® B apdn-hp-W-ßmsX B\ Pohn-X-Im-ew apgp-h≥ thZ-\ k-ln®p Ign-bp-∂-Xn-ep≈ am\-knI {]bm-k-ambn-cp∂p At±-l-sØ th´bm-Sn-bn-cp-∂X - v. B\-bm-Is´ AXn‚p≈nse ]I ho´m-\p≈ Ah-k-c-Øn\mbn ]m¿Øp-I-gn-bp-Ibpw. Ip™-∏≥ ]ns∂ ae-I-bdm≥ t]mbn-´n-√. "F‚-—s‚ ss]XrIhpw ss[cy-hp-sa√mw sIm≈mw, ]s£ Poh≥ ]Wbw sh®n´v th≠t√m ss[cy-{]-I-S\w'. Ip™∏≥ Xs∂ ae-bn-te°v hnfn-°p-tºmsg√mw skbvZm-°t- bmSv ]d-bpw. skbvZm-°m°v ]s£ Xs‚ D]-Po-h\-Øn-\p≈ hgn-bmWv Bfp-Isf aeI-b-‰p-∂-Xv. AXn¬ kml-kn-I-Xbpw A]-IS- k - m-[y-Xb - p-ap-s≠∂v skbvZm°m°v Adn-bm-™n-´√ - . ]s£ Pohn-°m≥ BsI-°qSn Adnbm-hp-s∂mcp ]Wn AXp-am-{X-ta-bp≈q-sh-¶n-tem.

117


F¥v F-¥n\v im]w ? Adn-hn\v adhn im]w ]W-Øn\v ]nip°v im]w Ae-¶m-c-Øn\v Al-¶mcw im]w A[n-Im-c-Øn\v lp¶v im]w hn⁄\v hn\-b-an-√mbva im]w ]pcp-j\v kvss{XWX im]w kv{Xo°v ]ucpjw im]w a°ƒ°v AΩ-b-—≥am-cpsS IÆocv im]w. AΩ-b-—≥am¿°v a°-fpsS [n°mcw im]w. I≈\v sshZypXn im]w hnth-I-iq-\y\v hnhcw im]w _p≤n-iq-\y\v \m°v im]w {]Ir-Xn°v a\p-jys‚ Zpcm¿Øn im]w [q¿Ø\v ]Ww im]w F¥n\pw Fs¥-¶n-ep-sams° im]w.

Pkow sI.-Sn. c≠mw h¿j _n.-tImw.

N¿®n-ens‚ ^enXw {_n´ojv {][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-bn-cp∂ hn≥è entbm-WnUv kvs]≥k¿ N¿®n-ens\ s]mXpth Hcp bp≤-{]nb\mb `c-Wm-[n-Im-cn-bm-bn-´mWv F√m-hcpw Adn-bp-∂-Xv. At±lw Fgp-Xnb ap∏-Xn-tesd hcp∂ ]pkvX-I-ß-fpsS Iq´-Øn¬ G‰hpw {]kn-≤n-bm¿÷n-®n-´p≈ ]pkvX-Ihpw bp≤w kw_-‘n-®p-≈-Xp-X-s∂ ˛ Bdp-hm-ey-ß-fp-≈Xpw Xs‚ Fgp-]-Øn-sbm-ºXmw ]nd-∂m-fn¬ ]q¿Øo-I-cn-°-s∏-´-Xp-amb "Z sk°‚ v thƒUv hm¿' F∂ kvarXn-°p-dn∏v kam-lm-cw. AtX-ka - bw N¿®n-ens\ Hcp {]hm-NI - \ - mbpw Cw•-≠ns‚ {]Xo-Ia - m-bpw {_n´ojv knwl-ambpw hmgvØnb-h-cp-ap-≠v. "ss\]p-Wy-X-bm¿∂ a\p-jy≥ (Churchil, the man of Talent)' F∂mWv tPm¿÷v _¿WmUv jm At±lsØ Npcp°n hnti-jn-∏n-®-Xv. F∂m¬ aq¿®-bp≈ ^en-X-ß-fpsS DS-a-bmbn Cu bp≤-{]n-bs\ Adn-bp-∂-h¿ Ipdhm-bn-cn-°pw. bp≤-Im-cy-߃°n-Sb - n¬ ^enXw ^enXamsb-Sp-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂h - ¿ Gsd D≠m-hn-√m-bn-cn-°mw. tPm¿÷v _¿WmUvjmbpsS Xs∂ Hc-\p-`hw ]d-bs - ´. Xs‚ Hcp \mS-IØ - ns‚ DZvLm-S\ {]Z¿i-\Ø - n-te°v N¿®n-ens\ jm £Wn-®p. c≠v Sn°‰v klnXw Ab® £W-°-Øn¬ Cßs\ Fgp-Xnbncp-∂p: ""BZy-cm-{Xn-bn¬ Xs∂ hcn-I. Hcp kplr-Øn-s\bpw IqsS-s°m-≠p-hc - n-I˛\n-߃s°mcp kplrØv Ds≠-¶n¬''. N¿®n-ens‚ adp-]Sn: ""Xnc-°p-≠v. BZycm{Xn FØm-\m-hn-√. c≠mw cm{Xn hcmw˛Hcp c≠mw cm{Xn Ds≠-¶n¬''. as‰m-cn-°¬ N¿®n¬ Xs‚ D‰-h-cpsS kwL-Øn-en-cns° Ft¥m Bh-iym¿∞w Fgp-t∂-‰p-t]m-bn. DSs\ aSßn hcm-\m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-\m-em-hmw, Xs‚ I¿®o^v FSp-°m-sX-bm-bn-cp∂p t]mb-Xv. XncnsI h∂v I¿®o^v FSp-Øt∏mƒ I≠p, AXn¬ Btcm Hcp Igp-X-bpsS Nn{Xw hc-®n-cn-°p-∂p. I≠-bp-Ss\ N¿®n-ens‚ {]Xn-I-cWw: ""BcmWv Fs‚ I¿®o^v FSpØv apJw XpS-®-Xv? Ahs‚ apJw CXn¬ ]Xn-™n-´p-≠t√m''

108

A¿jZv.sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

118


ac-Ws - Ø-°mƒ Pohn-XsØ `b-s∏-Sp-∂h - ¿

apl-ΩZv jm^n sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

HIvtSm_¿ H∂v A¥m-cmjv{S htbm-P\ - Z- n-\a - mbn h¿jm-h¿jw BNcn-°s - ∏´p t]mcp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw htbmP- \ - ß - f psS hnc- k - X bpw GIm- ¥ Xbpw a\- n-em°n Ah¿°v Bizmkhpw kwXr-]vXnbpw {]Zm\w sNøp∂ A¥-co£w krjvSn-°p-∂Xn\v \ap°v F¥p sNøm≥ Ign-bp∂psh∂v Btem-Nn-°p-tºmƒ Imcyam-bn-s´m∂pw sNøm-\m-hp∂n√ F∂nS-ØmWv FØn-t®-cp-I. AXp-sIm-≠mWt√m hr≤-P-\-߃ h¿≤n® tXmXn¬ hr≤-k-Z-\-ß-fn-tes°Øns°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xv. Bfpw A¿∞-hpan-√msX sXcp-hp-sX≠n Pohn-°p∂ hr≤-P\ - ß - ƒ°v hr≤-kZ- \w B{i-bam-hmw. ]s£ th≠-s∏-´-h-cp-≠m-bn´v Ah-cm¬ hr≤-k-Z-\-ß-fn-te°v Ab-

°-s∏-Sp∂ ÿnXn-bp-≠m-hp∂p ]e hr≤≥am¿°psa¶n¬ AXv kaq-lØns‚ ]cm-P-b-am-Wv. temIØv hr≤-P-\-߃ G‰hpw IqSp-Xe - p≈ c≠m-asØ cmPyamWv C¥y. GI-tZiw Gg-c-t°m-Snbn- e - [ nIw hr≤≥am¿ C¥y- b neps≠∂mWv IW-°.v C¥y-bn¬ IqSpX¬ hr≤-cp≈ kwÿm\w tIc-f-amWv. cmPy-Ønse samØw hr≤-k-Z-\ß-fn¬ Ccp-]-Øn-tbgv iX-am-\hpw tIc-f-Øn-em-Wv. ChnsS apºp apX¬ XpS¿∂p h∂ Iq´p-Ip-Spw_ hyhÿ XI¿∂v AWp-Ip-Spw_ k{º-Zmbw hym]-I-am-b-tXmsS \ne-hn¬ h∂ kmaq-lnI am‰-amWv {][m-\-ambpw Cubhÿ kwPm-X-am-°n-b-Xv. AXv hr≤-P-\-߃°v IjvS-∏mSpw bmX\bpw am{Xw t\Sn-s°m-Sp-°p-∂-Xmbn amdn.

a\p-jy≥ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ BZ-cn-t°-≠Xpw ]cn-K-Wn-t°-≠Xpw kz¥w amXm-]n-Xm-°sf-bmWv. sNdp∏-Øn¬ Ah¿ a°ƒ°p \¬Inb kvt\l-Im-cp-Wy-߃ hb- p-Im-eØv a°ƒ Ah¿°p Xncn®p \¬tI-≠Xm-Wv. hr≤-kZ- \ - ß - fn¬ sIm≠p-t]mbm°n Ah¿°v F¥p kpJ-ku-Icy-߃ sNbvXp-sIm-Sp-Ømepw AXv Ahsc ]cn-KW - n-°e - m-hn-√, Ah-KW - n°¬ am{Xta Bhq. ImcWw a°-fpsS km∂n- ≤ yhpw t\¿°p- t \- s c- b p≈ t\m´-hp-amWv hm¿≤-Iy-Øn¬ Ah¿°v Gsd Bh-iy-ambnhcn-I. Xßsf sNdp-∏-Øn¬ t\m°n hf¿Øp-Ibpw Xß-fpsS F√m Bhiy-ßfpw I≠-dn™v \n¿Δ-ln®p XcnIbpw hf¿®-bpsS Hmtcm L´-ßf - nepw Xßsf {i≤n®p t]mcp-Ibpw sNbvX amXm-]n-Xm-°sf Ah¿°p hm¿≤-IysaØn F∂p sh®v shbvÃm-bn-°≠v hr≤-k-Z-\-߃ F∂ Nh‰pIp-´-I-fn-

Xßsf sNdp-∏Ø - n¬ t\m°n hf¿Øp-Ibpw Xß-fpsS F√m Bh-iy-ßfpw I≠-dn™v \n¿Δ-ln®p Xcn-Ibpw hf¿®-bpsS Hmtcm L´-ßf- nepw Xßsf {i≤n®p t]mcp-Ibpw sNbvX amXm-]n-Xm-°sf Ah¿°p hm¿≤-Iy-saØn F∂p sh®v shbvÃm-bn-°≠v hr≤-kZ- \ - ß - ƒ F∂ Nh‰pIp-´I - f- n-te°v X≈p-∂Xv F¥p-am{Xw Zpjn-®Xpw \nμm-Ic- h - pamb {]h-WX - b - mWv!

119


anj-\dn Xm¬]-cy-tØmsS \S-Øs- ∏-Sp∂ hr≤-kZ- \ - ß - f- n¬ aX-]c- n-h¿Ø-\Ø - n\p hsc hr≤-P\ - ß - ƒ \n¿_-‘n-°s- ∏-t´-°mw. CsX{X henb Zpc-¥a- m-bn-cn°pw Ahsc kw_-‘n-®n-St- Øm-fs- a-∂Xv hr≤-kZ- \w \S-Øp-∂h - ¿°p hnj-ba- m-In-√. te°v X≈p-∂Xv F¥p-am{Xw Zpjn®Xpw \nμm-Ic - h - pamb {]h-WX - b - mWv! hfsc {]bmkw kln®v {]khn® amXm- h n- s \bpw a°ƒ°mbn \mSpw hoSpw hn´v Zqc-ß-fn¬ t]mbn hnb¿s∏m-gp°n ITn-\m-≤zm-\w sNbvXv £oWn®p Xf¿∂ ]nXm-hn-s\bpw Ah-cpsS Ahi Ah-ÿb - n¬ ho´n¬ \n∂p ]pd-Øm°n GtXm hr≤-a-μn-cØns‚ AI- Ø - f - Ø n¬ c‡- _ ‘tam IpSpw_ _‘tam C√mØ A\y≥am-cpsS ]cn-N-c-tWm-Ø-c-hm-ZnXz-Øn-te°p X≈n Ahscs°m≠p IÆocp IpSn-∏n®v ho´ntem ^vfm‰ntem kz]p-{X-If-{Xß-tfm-sSmØv sskzcambn kpJ-Po-hn-X-Ønemdm-Sn-°-f-bmsa∂v hnNm- c n- ° p- ∂ - h ¿ Xß- f psS a°ƒ Xß-tfmSpw `mhn-bn¬ CtX {]Imcw sNøp-sat∂m¿°p-∂Xv \∂v. kz¥w amXm-]n-Xm-°sf ]e-t∏mgpw a°fnßs\ IpSn-bn-d-°p-∂Xv Ah-cp≠m-°nb ho´n¬ \n∂m-bn-cn-°p-sa-∂Xv B {Iqc-Xsb iX-Kp-Wo-`h - n-∏n-°p-∂p. {]mb- a m- I p- t ºmƒ X\n°p Xe Nmbv°m≥ Xm\p-≠m-°nb ho´n¬ \n∂p Xs‚ kΩ-X-an-√msX Xs‚ k¥-Xn-bm¬ Xm≥ IpSn-bn-d-°-s∏-SpI. CXn¬]cw A\o-Xnbpw A{I-ahpw thsd-bpt≠m ? C\n kz¥w ho´n¬ a°-fpsS IqsS Ign- b p- t ºm- g sØ ÿnXn Btem-Nn-°p-I-bm-sW-¶ntem? ]et∏mgpw AXn-tesd IjvS-am-bn-cn-°pw. Xs‚ ho´ns‚ ]e `mK-ß-fn-te°pw {]th-in-°m-\m-hmsX GsX-¶n-ep-samcp apdn X\n-°mbn \o°n-sh-bv°-s∏´v AXn-\p-≈n¬ ho´n¬ \S°p∂ kw`h-߃ ]eXp-a-dn-bm-sX, Adn-™m¬ Xs∂ AXn-sem∂pw CS-s]-Sm-\m-hmsX, Xm≥ ]d-bp-∂-Xn\p t\sc BcpsSbpw {i≤-h-cm-sX, In´p∂ `£Ww cpNnbpw Acp- N nbpw t\m°msX Ign®v, apjn™ hkv{Xhpw InS-∏pap- d n- b p- a mbn Aßs\ Ign™p

110

120

sIm≈-Ww. a°-fpsStbm t]c-°p-´nI-fpsStbm IqsS `£Ww Ign-°m≥ t]mepw Ah-kc - a - p-≠m-hn-√. Ip´n-Isf ASp-tØ°v hnfn-®m¬ Xs∂ Ah¿ HmSn-b-I-ep∂ ÿnXn. hm¿≤- I y- Ø nse am\- k nI {]iv \ - ß ƒ°p≈ GI ]cn- l mcw kz¥-°m-cp-sSbpw D‰-hc - p-sSbpw kmao]yhpw t\cn-´p≈ ]cn-N-c-W-hp-am-sW∂mWv a\-»m-k{v X-⁄≥am¿ ]d-bp-I. ]s£ ]pXnb \mK-cn-IX AXn-\p≈ Ah-kcw hr≤-P-\-߃°p \ntj-[n°p∂ \ne-bn-emWv hf¿∂n-cn-°p∂Xpw hf¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-∂-Xpw. hr≤-k-Z-\-߃ \S-Øp-∂-h¿ hyXy kvX aX-hn-izm-k-°mcpw hn`n∂ kmw kvIm-cnI coXn-Iƒ ]n¥p-Sc - p-∂h - c - p-ambn-cn-°m-dp≠v ]e-t∏m-gpw. AXn-\m¬ Xm≥ Pohn-X-Imew apgp-h≥ ]n¥pS¿∂p t]m∂ coXn-Iƒ°v A\p-Iq-eamb kml- N - c yhpw Np‰p- ] m- S p- a √ Xs‚ hmk-tI{μw F∂ {]iv\w AhnSsØ At¥- h m- k n- b mb hr≤s\ As√-¶n¬ hr≤sb am\-kn-I-ambn {]bm-ks - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂X - m-bn-cn-°pw. anj\dn Xm¬]-cy-tØmsS \S-Ø-s∏-Sp∂ hr≤-k-Z-\-ß-fn¬ aX-]-cn-h¿Ø-\Øn\p hsc hr≤-P-\-߃ \n¿_-‘n°-s∏-t´-°mw. CsX{X henb Zpc-¥am-bn-cn°pw Ahsc kw_-‘n-®n-StØm-fs - a-∂Xv hr≤-kZ- \w \S-Øp-∂h¿°p hnj-b-am-In-√. C\n s]mXpsh kaq-l-Øn\v hr≤-tcm-Sp≈ kao-]-\-Øn¬ h∂n´p≈ am‰hpw {it≤-b-am-th-≠-Xp-≠v. {]mb-ap-≈-hsc BZ-cn-°p-Itbm ]cnK- W n- ° p- I tbm sNøp- ∂ - k z- ` mhw Ct∏m-gsØ Xe-apd ad-∂p-sIm-≠n-cn°p-∂p. _kv bm{X-bn¬ {]mbw sN∂h¿°p th≠n dnk¿hv sNbvXn-´p≈ ko‰v ^n√mbn°gn-™-Xn\v tijw Hcp hr≤≥ Ib-dn-h∂v \n¬°m≥ {]bm-ks - ∏-Sp-∂Xp I≠m¬ ImWm-ØXp-t]mse ]pd-tØ°pw t\m°n-bn-cn-

°p-∂-h-cmWv an°-h-cpw. Hcp hr≤≥ `mc-ta-dnb km[-\ß - fpw Xmßn-∏n-Sn®v \S-∂p-t]m-Ip-∂tXm tImWn-∏-Sn Ibdm≥ hnj-an-°p-∂tXm tdmUv apdn-®pI-S-°m≥ Ign-bmsX t\m°n-\n¬°p ∂tXm ImWp-tºmƒ H∂p klm-bn°mt\m ssI ]nSn- ° mt\m D≈ IcpW t]mepw ImWn-°msX [rXnbn-s√-¶nepw [rXn-s∏´p \oßp-∂Xp ImWmw \√ \√ bphm-°ƒ. G‰hpw Icp-W-b¿ln-°p∂ hn`m-K-amWv hr≤-P-\-߃. Ah-cpambn F√m \nebv°pw kl-I-cn®pw s]mcp-Ø-s∏´pw A\p-`mhw Im´nbpw Pohn-°m-\mWv kz¥-°m-sc∂ t]mse ]pd-Øp-≈-hcpw ioen-t°-≠-Xv. AhcpsS IqsS kpJ-Zp-:J-߃ ]¶n-Sm\pw Ahsc kt¥m-jn-∏n-°m\pw F¥p Imcy-Ønepw Ah-cpsS A`n-{]m-bß - ƒ At\z-jn-°m\pw Xøm-dm-hp-I-bmWv th≠-Xv. ssii-h-Øn-te-°p≈ Hcp aS-°-amWv hm¿≤-Iy-sa-∂Xn-\m¬ Ip´n-If - psS hnIr-Xn-Ifpw Zp»o-eß - fpw apXn¿∂- h ¿ {]iv \ - a m- ° m- Ø - X pt]mse hr≤-P-\-ß-fpsS ioe-ßfpw kln-jW v p-Xt- bm-sS-bmWv ImtW-≠X - .v aX-ßs - f√mw hr≤-P\ - ß - f - psS Imcy-Øn¬ Imcp-Wy-tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bp≈ kao-]-\-hpw s]cp-am-‰hpw Xm¬]-cys∏-Sp-∂p-s≠-¶nepw ]e-cp-sSbpw aXt_m[w Cu cwK- t Ø°p \o≠p ImWm-dn-√. aX-an-√m-Ø-h¿°m-I-s´, a\p-jy-Xzhpw ]nXr-˛a - mXr ]cn-KW - \m t_m[hpw IrX-⁄-Xm-io-e-hpw aXn C°m-cy-Øn¬ Ah-scbpw t_m[hm≥am-cm-°p-∂X - n-\.v ""C∂sØ a°ƒ \mfsØ amXm]n-Xm-°fpw C∂sØ inip-°ƒ \mfsØ hr≤≥am-cpamsW-s∂-''¶nepw F√m-hcpw Hm¿Ωn®m¬ aXn. F¶n¬ ac-W-tØ-°m-ƒ Pohn-XsØ `b-s∏-Sp∂ ÿnXn-bn¬ \n∂v hr≤-P\ - ß - ƒ°p c£ \¬Im≥ \mw Xøm-dm-bn-s°m-≈pw.


Hm¿Ω

H.-]n.-sk-bvXmen kmln_v DXvkm-l] - q¿Æ-amb Hcp alnX Pohn-XØ - ns‚ A{]Xo-£n-X-amb hncm-a-amWv C°-gn™ G{]n¬ 15 \v Fw.-Un.kn. _m¶v s]cn-¥¬aÆ {_m©v sk{I-´-dnbpw aÆm¿ae kztZ-in-bp-amb H.-]n. skbvXmen Ah¿I-fpsS \ncymWw aqew kw`-hn-®X - v. Cu h¿jsØ ]n]m-kb - psS Zp:Jw F∂v B kw`-hsØ hnti-jn-∏n-°m≥ tXm∂p-∂p. Ign™ c≠ph¿jw F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. bpsS {]Xn-_-≤-X-bp≈ ]n.-Sn.-F. {]kn-U‚mbn skbvXmen kmln_v Ccp-∂-t∏mƒ IqSp-X¬ ^e-{]-Za - mb A[ym-]I˛c-£m-I¿Ør Iq´m-ba v b - psS ÿmbnbmb Hcp amXrI cq]-s∏-Sp-I-bp-≠m-bn. ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ k¿Δ-tXmap-Ja- mb Db¿®bpw hnZym¿ ∞n-I-fpsS A°m-Z-an-I-amb ]ptcm-K-Xnbpw e£y-am-°ns°m≠v {it≤-b-amb ]e ]≤-Xn-Ifpw skbvXmen kmln_ns‚ Ime-L´- Ø - n¬ F≥.-kn.-Fk - v.S- n. ]n.-Sn.F. Bhn-jv°cn®v \S-∏n-em-°n. sse{_dn ]pkvX-I-߃ kq£n-°p-∂-Xn\m-hi - y-amb dm°p-Iƒ, hm´¿ ]yqcn-^b - ¿ F∂nh hmßp-I -t]m-se-bp≈ `mcn® ]W-s®-ehp hcp∂ kwcw-`-߃°pt]mepw ]n.-Sn.-F. sb k∂-≤-am-°m≥ At±-l-Øns‚ ka¿∞-amb CS-s]-S¬aqew km[n-®p. hnhn[ {]tZ-i-Øp-Imcpw hyXykvX Nn¥m-K-Xn-Isfbpw aX cm{„ob \ne-]m-Sp-I-sfbpw {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNøp∂-hc - p-amb hnZym¿∞n-If - psS c£n-Xm-°ƒ XΩnepw B c£nXm-°fpw A[ym-]-Icpw XΩnepw, tIhe ]n.-Sn.F. F∂-Xnep-]c - n-bmb Hcp KmV-_‘w krjvSn-s®-Sp-°m≥ skbvXmen kmln_v {ian-®n-cp-∂p-sh-∂Xv {]kvXm-hy-amb Hcp kwKXn-bs - {X. ÿm]-\Ø - nse hnZym¿∞n-If - p-ambn _‘-s∏´ hnjb߃ Btem-Nn-°m≥ Ft∏mƒ hnfn-®mepw, hnfn-°m-

sXbpw, hy‡n-]-c-amb Bh-iy-߃ am‰nsh®pw HutZym-KnI DØ-c-hm-Zn-Øß-tfmSv Ah-[n-sb-SpØpw Xm¬]-cy-]q¿Δw FØp-ambn-cp∂ Hcp ]n.-Sn.-F. {]kn-U‚n-s\-bm-Wv ÿm]- \ m- [ n- I r- X ¿°pw A[ym- ] - I ¿°pw skbvXmen kmln-_n¬ ImWm≥ Ign-™ncp- ∂ - X v . AXn- \ m¬X- s ∂ ÿm]- \ - Ø n\v Fs¥-∂n-√mØ Hcp \jvS-t_m[w P\-n∏n°p∂p At±-lØ - ns‚ BI-ka v nI \ncymWw. HutZym-KnI Pohn-X-Øn¬ IWn-iXbpw kXy-k-‘-Xbpw ]pe¿Øn-bn-cp∂ skbvXmen kmln_v s]mXp-Po-hn-X-Ønepw Hcp \nd-km-∂n-[y-am-bn-cp-∂p. cmjv{So-b-˛-kmaq-lnI afi-e-ß-fn-se√mw tkh-\-\n-c-X-\mbn-cp∂p At±-lw. At±-l-Øns‚ At¥ym]-Nmc NS-ßp-I-fnse P\-_m-lpeyw AXn\v km£n-bm-bn-. k¿Δ-i‡ - \ - mb A√mlp skbvXmen kmln-_n\v ]m]-hn-ap-‡n-bpw kz¿K-{]-thihpw \¬Is´! At±-lØ - ns‚ IpSpw-_t- ØmSv, hninjym Rß-fpsS ktlm-Z-cnbpw F≥.kn.-F-kv.-Sn. _n.-F-kv.-kn. ^nknIvkv ss^\ ¬ hnZym¿∞n-\n-bp-amb At±-lØ - ns‚ ]p{Xn j_v\t- bm-Sv, F≥.-kn.-Fk - v.S- n. IpSpw-_t- ØmsSm∏w "]n]m-k'bpw ISpØ Zp:Jw ]¶n-Sp∂p. ]n]mk {]h¿Ø-I¿

121


112

Aßp {]XoNnbn¬ bm{Xm-sam-gn-bp-ambv apßp-hm-≥ I\-I-°-Xn-c-h≥ \n¬°sh, HSp-hnse°nc-W-Øn≥ sh´-Øn-se≥ apºn¬ Hcp ]pjv]w \n∂p lkn-∏Xp I≠p Rm≥. \n¿∂n-tajw Rm\-Xn≥ IuXp-I-Øn-embv \n∂p-t]mbv Np‰p-]mSpw ad-∂-ß-s\. BtamZ-[m-cb - n-eq-fn-bn-s´-hn-sStbm B\-μ-tZ-h-X-bvs°m-∏-an-dßn Rm≥. \nan-j-ß-tfm-tcm∂p \oßn-∏-cn-kcw \nt»jan-cp-fn≥ ]nSn-bn-e-a¿∂p-t]mbv-. Ccp-fn≥ Icn-s∏mSn hmcn-hn-X-dn-sb˛ ∂ncp-\-b-\ßfpw aqSn \nio-Yn-\n. ]ns∂ Rm≥ I≠-Xn√m Xqa-e-cns\˛ bnt∂mfw In´n-b-Xn-√-Xn≥ ]cn-afw. Xnßn-Øp-fp-ºp-I-bm-sW≥ a\- -Xn≥ aßn-b-sX-¶n-ep-samcp Z¿i-\-Øn-\mbv. cmhp hngp-ßn-sbm-c-∏q-hn≥ cq]sØ t\mhpw a\- p-ambv t\m°p-Ibm-Wn-h≥. lm, XpwK-]p-jv]ta Fßp ad™p \o lm\n hcp-Øntbm \n≥ Poh\mtcepw? A∂p s]mgn-s®mcm aμ-kvan-X-Øn-\m˛ sb∂pw sImXn-®nSpw Zp:Jn°pao a\w. F≥ angn-Iƒ°n\n°pfncp e`n-°p-hm≥ \n≥angn I≠p-sIm-≠Xp Xpd-∂o-S-Ww. F∂pw hnS¿∂p \n¬°p-s∂mtcm¿a-bp-ambv s]mt∂m-ate \n\-bv°m-b-e-bp-∂n-h≥!

122

hnS¿∂p \n¬°p∂ Htcm¿Ω

inlm-_p-±o≥ ]n. c≠mw h¿j _n.-tImw.


samss_¬

k^m\ Sn.-F®v. H∂mw h¿j _n.F. Cw•ojv

knXp-°p-´nsb°pdn®v sam√m° ]d™ h¿Øam\w sNhn-Iq¿∏n®p \n∂p-tI´ \^ok XmØ BsI Xf¿∂p-t]m-bn. Xs‚ tamƒ bmsXmcp Zp¿\-S-∏n\pw t]mIns√∂ Ah-cpsS ASn-bp-d® hnizm-k-amWo XI¿∂p Xcn-∏W-am-bn-cn-°p-∂-Xv. D∏ acn-®-Xp-ap-X¬°v AS° s]mfn-®pw a‰pw In´p∂ Iqen-sIm-≠mWv ho´nse sNehpw aI-fpsS ]T-\-hp-sa√mw \S-Øn-t∏m-cp-∂-Xv. F∂n-´n-t∏mƒ B aIƒ DΩsb NXn-®p-sIm≠v B¨]n-t≈-cpsS IqsS Fhn-sS-sbms°tbm Np‰n-°-d-ßp-∂p-sh-∂v. ]d-bp-∂tXm Xs∂bpw Ah-sfbpw {Kma-Ønse At\It]scbpw Jp¿-B-t\mØv ]Tn-∏n® sam√m-°-bpw. Fßs\ hniz-kn-°m-Xn-cn-°pw. sam√m° ÿew-hn´v \nan-j-߃°Iw knXp-°p´n tImtfPv Ign™v ho´n-se-Øn. _mKv AI-Øp-sIm-≠p-

t]mbn sh®v Ahƒ ASp-°-f-bn¬ DΩsb sXc™p. \^o-k-XmØ XmSn°v Iøpw sImSpØv IÆo-scm-en-∏n-®n-cn°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. kabw GXm≠v Ccp-´m-hm-dm-b t\csØ Ah-fpsS B hc-hn¬ Xs∂ Ft¥m ]¥n-tISv AS-ßn-bn´p-≈-Xmbn Ah¿°p tXm∂n. tImtfPpw hoSpw XΩn¬ henb AI-e-an-√mØ ÿnXn°v CXnepw F{Xtbm t\csØ Ahƒ°v ho´n-se-Øm-hp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. ""Fs¥m-s°-bm-sWSo kntXzm As∂-∏‰n Cu ]d™p tI°-WXv? tImtfPv hn´n´v t\sc-s{X-bmbn? FhntS¿∂p ÷v Ct{Xw t\cw? As‚ Xt¥ acn-®v´p-≈q. Rm ∏fpw lbm-Øn-ev≠v. acym-Z°v \S-t∂m-sfm-≠q. ÷v ∂v s‚ ssI°v HXp-ßm-Xm-bn-s´m-∂q-√. a\- n-em-°n-t°m. s™yßm\pw B¶p-´ym-sfm∏w sX≠n\S-°vWq∂v s‚ sNho tI´m As∂-∂mbvcv°pw As‚ a÷Øv.' ""CΩ F¥m C∏-d-bp-∂-Xv. Rms\-hntS B¶p-´ymsfm∏w sX≠m-tºm-bn. Btc Cß-°n-sXms° sImf-ØnØ-∂Xv?'' ""Cs÷ßpw t]mbn-´n√t√? Xe-apSow sXmd-∂n´v Ip∏m-b-°÷pw Ib-‰n-sh®v B¶p-´ym-sfm∏w ÷v F_vSv∂m _Ãm‚n¬ hs∂-dt- ßy-Xv? Rm\-sXms° Adn-™v°vWv''. ""ßtfmSv ]d-™n-´t√ t]mb-Xv, bqWn-th-gvkn-‰o°v Iem-a-’-c-Øn\v? H∏w B¶p-´ym-fp-≠m-bn-∂p. ]ns∂ bqWn-th-gvkn-‰o°v Iem-a-’-c-Øn\v t]mIptºm ]¿±´v´m t]mIzm. B sam√m° s™ Xd-∏n®p t\m°y-∏tf tXm∂o°vWv CXv Cß-sf-cpØv°v FØpw∂v'' ""FSo As‚ X¥ As∂ hf-Øo-°vW-Xpw Rm\\°v th≠n FS-tß-dm-I-WXpw ÷v Hcvkvem-an-øØv≈ s]Æmbn hf-cm-\m. Abv\v He-®nev X´o-´p≈ Hcp ]Tn∏pw th≠. \msf samX¬°v tImtf-Pot]m°v ÷v aXym-°n-°fm. ]Tn-®m-\√ tXmt∂yXv Im´m\m AhnsS t]mWXv. ]Tn®m-\mWv∂pw ]d™v''. ""t]ms≠¶n t]m≠. ®vs∏¥m. ∏ms‚ hkzn-øØm Cß-tfmSv, s™ tImtfPn ]Tn-∏n®v \s√m-cp-tZym-K-°mcØn B°-Ww-∂v. AXv ßfv \S-ØvWvs√¶o C∏ms‚ a\ v J_do IS∂v thZ-\n°pw ,AsXs∂''. ""FSo As∂ ]Tn-∏n-®m\m∏ms‚ hkznø-Øv. I≠

123


sNdp-°-Ωm-scm∏w sX≠m≥ hnSm-\-√. _m∏ lbmØvev≠mbvs∂¶n As∂ HcSn ap∂v°v hnSq-embv∂p''. \^o-kXmØ CXp-]d - b - p-∂X - n-\n-Sb - n¬ knXp-°p-´n-bpsS apdn-bn¬ \n∂v samss_¬ s_√-Sn-®p. Ahƒ s]´∂v apdn-bn-te°v ]m™p. ]n∂mse \^ok XmØ-bpw. ""FhvSv∂mSo A\°o samss_ev In´oXv? CXmcv hmßn-Ø∂Xm... Im´n°m Rms\m∂v t\m°-s´. Cs÷s¥ms° Abvev Im´n-°q-´o°vWq∂v'' knXp-°p´n ""CXn-s‚m∏w ]Tn-°vW sNdp-°‚-Xm'' F∂p ]d™v AXv _e-tØmsS Ac-bn¬ XncpIn sh®p. ]s£ \^o-k XmØ-bpsS _en-jvT-Icw AXv ]nSn-s®SpØv t\m°n-b-t∏m¬ kv{Io\n¬ Hcp bphm-hns‚ cq]w

I≠p. ""CXm-cm-So...'' F∂p-®-Øn¬ tNmZn®v \^o-k-XmØ samss_¬ ssIhiw sh®p. ""s\\°nØc she≈ samss_ev hmßn-Ø-cm≥ Hm\m-cm... thKw ]ds™m As∂ Rm≥ sIm∂v Ipbv®nSpw. \msf-sam-X¬°v ÷v tImtf-Pn-t∏m-WXv Rms\m∂v ImWs´''. ""CΩm s‚ tImtf-Pv]-Tn∏v ßfv \n¿Øn-°-t√. Aß-s\-bm-sW-¶n¬ ßfvs™ sImt∂m-fow. tImtf-Pot]m°v \n¿Øo´v ®v Pohn-°-≠m''. knXp-°p´n Xd-∏n®p ]d-™p. ]n∂oSv Ahƒ Ic-™p-sIm≠v Xs‚ apdn-bn¬ Ibdn hmXn-e-S-®p. \^o-k -XmØ samss_-ep-ambn ASp°-fb - n-te-°p-t]m-bn.

Bcn-hƒ..?

114

IÆo¿ IpSn®p ho¿Ø IÆp-I-fp-ambn Fs‚ IÆn-te-°-hƒ \n w-Kbmbn t\m°n. At∂cw B IÆp-Iƒ Ft¥m \pW-™n-d-°p-∂Xv Rm≥ I≠p. kz¿§-Øn-te°pw AhnsS ImØn-cp∂ aW-hm-f-\n-te°pw \ofp∂ kz]v\-ß-fp-≠v B IÆp-I-fn¬. ASn-®-a¿Ønb hnIm-c-ß-fp-sSbpw ISn-®n-d-°nb hnjm-Z-ß-fp-sSbpw \ng¬]m-Sp-Iƒ \nd™p \n¬∏p-≠-h-bn¬. BZn-]m-]-Øns‚ ambmØ Id-t]mse I¨X-S-ß-fn¬ Icp-hm-fn-∏v. h‰mØ Imcp-Wy-Øns‚ B¿{Z-X, Np‰pw hgn-s™m-gpIpw tkh-\-X¬]-c-X, thj-`q-j-Iƒ°p ap√-∏q-hns‚ ip{`-X, IÆns‚ A‘-Xbv°p apI-fn¬ thZ-]p-kvX-I-Øns‚ IÆ-S. Ifn-hm-°nepw Kuchw ap‰pw \n¬∏v. Cc-hnepw ]I-enepw I¿Øm-hn\v kvtXm{Xw. Bcn-hƒ, I\y-mkv{Xo-tbm, Imap-Intbm ?

124

apl-ΩZv im^n sI. c≠mw h¿j _n.-tImw.


C¥ysb Is≠-ج Pnt\jv Fw. c≠mw-h¿j _ntImw.

alm-flm-Km-‘nbpw hnth-Im\μkzman-I-fpw Ph-l¿em¬s\lv dphpw hn`m-h\w sNbvXXpw Ah¿ kr jvSn-°m≥ {ian-®X - p-amb Hcn¥y-bn-te°v \mw apt∂-dp-I-bmtWm AtXm A Ø-c-sam-cn-¥y°v t\¿hn]-co-X-amb Zni-bn-eqsS \mw k©-cn-°p-Ib - mtWm F∂- X ns‚ ASn- ÿ m- \ - Ø n- e mWv B[p-\nI C¥ybpsS Is≠-Ø-en\v \mw {ian-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂X - v. C¥y-bpsS \n¿ΩmWw AXn s‚ ]q¿Æ-X-bn-te-s°-Øn-t°-≠Xv Chn-SsØ cmjv{So-b-∏m¿´n-I-fpw Ah t\XrXzw \¬Ip∂ Kh¨sa‚p-I-fpam-sW-∂Xv Xo¿®. F∂m¬ cmPyXm¬]-cy-sØ-°mƒ ]m¿´n Xm¬]-cyØnt\m hy‡n- X m¬]- c y- Ø nt\m ap≥K-W\ \¬Ip-∂h - c - mWv C∂sØ cmjv{So-b∏ - m¿´n-°msc-√mw. Hcp ]m¿´n°m-c≥ as‰mcp ]m¿´n-°m-cs‚ t\sc sIme-°Øn Db¿Øp-tºmƒ Abmƒ Xs‚ ]m¿´n-°m-c\-√m-ØX - n-\m¬ \ne\n¬°m≥ A¿l-\-s√∂ hnIm-c-amWt√m Abmsf AXn\v t{]cn-∏n-°p-

∂-Xv. bYm¿∞-Øn¬ Abmfpw C¥y°m-c-\m-Wt√m F∂ Nn¥ Abm-sfs°m≠v B IØn XmgvØn-∏n-°p-tºmgmWv Abmƒ°v ]m¿´nXm¬]-cy-sØ°mƒ cmPy-Xm¬]-cy-am-Wp-≈s - X-∂p-hcn-I. ta¬]- d ™ Xc- Ø n- e p≈ Nn¥-bp-s≠-¶n¬ ]ns∂ ChnsS \yq\]-£{- ]iv\w Hcp {]iv\a - mbn Db¿∂ph-cp-∂-sX-ß-s\? \yq\-]-£hpw `qcn]-£-hp-sams° C¥y F∂ GI-IØns‚ `mK-ß-fm-sW-t∂ At∏mƒ

Nn¥n-t°-≠n-h-cn-I-bp-≈q. F¶n¬ ]ns∂ C¥y-°m-cmb F√m ]uc≥amcp-sSbpw aX-]-chpw cmjv{So-bhpw kmº-Øn-Ihpw kmwkvIm-cn-Ih - p-amb Bh-iy-\n¿Δ-l-W-Øn\pw Xm¬]-cy]q¿Øo-I-c-W-Øn\pw th≠n s]mXphmb \ne- b n¬ {]h¿Øn- ° m≥ k¿Δcpw _m[y-ÿc - m-hpI-bmbncn°pw Chn-sS. cmjv{So-bhpw cmjv{So-b-∏m¿´nIfpw A\n-hmcyw Xs∂. cmjv{Sw Ft∏mgpw cmjv{So-bt- ØmSpw cmjv{Sobw

\yq\-]-£hpw `qcn-]-£-hp-sams° C¥y F∂ GII-Øns‚ `mK-ß-fm-sW-t∂ At∏mƒ Nn¥n-t°-≠n-h-cn-Ibp-≈q. F¶n¬ ]ns∂ C¥y-°m-cmb F√m ]uc≥am-cpsSbpw aX-]-chpw cmjv{So-bhpw kmº-Øn-Ihpw kmwkvImcn-I-hp-amb Bh-iy-\n¿Δ-l-W-Øn\pw Xm¬]-cy-]q¿Øo-Ic-W-Øn\pw th≠n s]mXp-hmb \ne-bn¬ {]h¿Øn-°m≥ k¿Δcpw _m[y-ÿ-cm-hpI-bmbncn°pw Chn-sS.

125


Hcn-°¬ hn`-Pn® Cu cmPysØ ho≠pw hn`-Pn®v Hcp {]tXyI aX-hn-`m-K-Øn\v Hcp Xp≠v sImSpØmse Ah¿ ASßq F∂-Xm-W-hn-SsØ ÿnXn. CXv ta¬]d™ cmjv{S-in¬]n-Iƒ hn`mh\w sNbvX C¥y F∂ GI-I-Øns‚ ssNX-\y-Øn\v Hcn-°epw \nc-°p-∂-X-√. Ft∏mgpw A[n-Im-ct- ØmSpw _‘-s∏´n- c n- ° pw. ]s£ A[n- I m- c - Ø n- \ pth≠n P\m-[n-]X - y-aq-ey-ßsf \in-∏n°m≥ cmjv{So-b-°m¿ Xøm-dm-Ip-∂tXmsS cmjv { Sobw Zpjn- ° p- ∂ p. C¥ysb hnI-knX cmPy-am-°m-\p≈ \ΩpsS tamlsØ ]nt∂m-´S- n-∏n-°p∂ coXn-bn-emWv GsXmcp ]m¿´nbpw {]Xn]-£-Øn-cn-°p-tºmƒ {ian-°p-∂Xv F∂p-h∂ - mtem? 2020 BIp-tºm-tg°v C¥y hnI-knX cmPy-ambn amdp-sa∂mWv ap≥ cmjv{S-]Xn F.-]n.-sP. A_vZp¬Iemw Z¿i\w sNbvXn-´p-≈Xv. ]s£ AXn-\p-th≠n Iq´mbn bXv\n-t°≠ ]uc-∑m¿ ]c-kv]cw ISn-®p-Io-dp-∂-h-cm-bm¬ CsX-ßs\ km[n-°pw? sshtZ-inI _‘w ]pe¿Øn cmPysØ H‰p- s Im- S p- ° p- ∂ - h - c psS FÆw ChnsS IqSn-°qSn hcp-∂p. Imivao¿ Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ°p-th-≠Xv cmPysØ sh´n-ap-dn®v Xß-fp-tS-Xmb Hcp Xp≠v kz¥-ambn In´p-I-bm-Wv. Hcn- ° ¬ hn`- P n® Cu cmPysØ ho≠pw hn`-Pn®v Hcp {]tXyI aX-hn`m-K-Øn\v Hcp Xp≠v sImSp-Ømte Ah¿ ASßq F∂-Xm-W-hn-SsØ ÿnXn. CXv ta¬]d™ cmjv { Sin¬]n-Iƒ hn`m-h\w sNbvX C¥y F∂ GI-I-Øns‚ ssNX-\y-Øn\v

116

Hcn-°epw \nc-°p-∂X - √ - . C¥y≥ P\m[n-]-Xy-Øn¬ ebn-®p-tN¿∂v X߃ IqSn Dƒs°m-≈p∂ Hcp al-Ømb C¥y-bpsS krjvSn-bm-th-≠n-bn-cp∂p Ah-cpsS {]h¿Ø-t\m-t±iyw. Iq´mbn Pohn-°p-∂-Xn-\m-bn-cn-°Ww, H‰-s∏-Sp∂-Xn-\m-bn-cn-°c - pXv a\p-jy-cmin GXp kml-N-cy-Ønepw ]cn-{i-an-t°-≠Xv F∂ kmaq-lnI Nn¥-bm-bn-cn-°Ww \sΩ-sb√mw apt∂m-´p-\b - n-t°-≠Xpw {]tNm- Z n- ∏ n- t °- ≠ - X pw. kz¥- a mb Xm¬]-cy-߃°p-th≠n cmPy-Øns‚ s]mXp-ap-X¬ \in-∏n-°p-∂-h¿°pw AXn\v au\-k-Ω-Xtam Blzm-\tam \¬Ip∂ t\Xm-°-∑m¿°pw cmPyXm¬]-cy-amWv hep-sX-s∂-ßs\ ]dbm-\m-Ipw? P\m-[n-]Xy C¥ysb Aßs\-Xs∂ \ne-\n¿Øp-∂-Xn\v ASnÿm-\-ambn h¿Øn-°p∂ G‰hpw sa®-s∏´ Hcp `c-W-L-S-\-bmWv \ap°p-≈X - v. B `c-WL - S- \ - bpsS Imh¬ °m-cm-Wn-hn-SsØ tImS-Xn-Ifnse \ymbm-[n-]∑ - m¿. ]s£ PUvPn-am-cpsS Agn-a-Xn-bpsS Zp¿K‘w han-°p∂ IY-Iƒ cmjv{So-b-]m¿´n t\Xm-°sfbpw IS- Ø n- s h- ´ p- ∂ p- s h∂v h∂mtem? kz¥w ]p{Xs‚ _nkn\ v Xm¬]-cym¿∞w sU¬ln-bnse Nne sI´n- S - ß ƒ s]mfn- ® p- a m- ‰ m≥

A\ym-ba - mbn DØ-ch - n-d° - n PpUo-jydnsb P\-ßsfs°m≠v kwi-bn-∏n°p∂ PUvPn-am-cp-s≠-∂mbmtem?. sI.Pn. _me-Ir-jvW-\p-ambn _‘s∏´ Agn-a-Xn-Iƒ C∂v ]{X-ß-fnse {][m- \ - h n- j - b - a m- W v . Cu ÿnXn km¿Δ-{Xn-I-am-bm¬ ]ns∂ C¥y≥ ]ucs‚ Ah-km\ B{i-bhpw kwibn- ° - s ∏- t S- ≠ n- S - t Ø- ° m- b n- c n°pw FØp-I. P\m- [ n- ] - X y- Ø n¬ am[y- a ߃°p \n¿Δ- l n- ° m- \ p≈ ]¶v hfsc hep-Xm-Wv. ]s£ Hmtcm am[yahpw Hmtcm _nkn-\ v ÿm]-\hpw IqSn-bm-b-Xn-\m¬ kz¥w _nkn-\ v Fßs\ em`-I-c-am°n apt∂m-´p-sIm≠p-t]mImw F∂-XmWv Ahsb \bn°p∂ hnIm-cw. an° am[y-a-߃°pw t\¿°p- t \- s ctbm A√m- s Xtbm cmjv{Sob _‘-ßfpw D≠m-bn-cn-°pw. AXn-\-\p-kr-X-am-bn-cn°pw Ah-bpsS hm¿Øm tiJ-c-Whpw hnX-c-Whpw hnh-c-W-hp-sa√mw. B[p-\nI C¥y-bpsS Htc-ItZi Nn{X-am-Wn-hnsS hc-®p-Im-Wn-®X - .v CXn-\n-Sb - n¬IqSn bYm¿∞ C¥ysb \mw Is≠- t Ø- ≠ n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ p. AXns‚ krjvSn°m-bn \mw DW¿∂p {]h¿Øn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂p.


A]-cn-Nn-X≥ hnc-kX am‰p-hm≥ hgn-tbm-c-Ø-s∂mcp ac-t®m-´n¬ sN∂p Rm\n-cn-°p∂ t\cØv Hcp sIm®p _me-s\-∂-cn-IØp h∂n´v Hcp Icw \o´n-∏n-Sn-®ßp \n¬°-bmbv. Hcp hm°p-sam-gn-bmsX Zo\-X-bm¿∂nSp˛ ancp-\-b-\-ß-fn-e-`y¿∞-\-bp-ambv \n¬°pam _mes‚ \odpw a\- n\p \n¿hr-Xn-tb-Ip-hm-s\mcp Imip \¬In Rm≥. Hcp sNdp-Nncn X∂p s]s´∂p ]m™-h≥ adpNncn ImWp-hm≥ ImØp \n∂o-SmsX Zb-hp-t≈m¿°-cn-In-te°n\n-bp-sa-Øo-Sp-hm≥ `bsam-´p-sa-∂ntb `n£ tNmZn-°p-hm≥. Ime-ta-sd-°gn™n∂p Rm≥ hs∂Øn tIme-ßs - fm-s°bpw amdn-bn-∏m-Xb - n¬. Du∂p-h-Sn-bp-sS Xmtßm-sS-sbmcp a´n¬ t]m∂p ÿew ]nSn-®ßn-cn-°pt∂cw A∂p Rm≥ ImtiIn \n¿hrXn \¬In-tbm˛ s\m∂m-¥-c-samcp Imdn-embv hs∂Øn. k©n-bpw Xq°n Rm≥ ssI\o-´n-b-tßm´v {]m©n \S-s∂Øpw apºmbv Kan-®-h≥. F≥ISw ho´p-hm≥ \n¬°msX t]mb-Xn¬ k¶-S-s∏´p Rm≥ \ns∂mcm hoYn-bn¬. Adn-tb-≠X - n-√h - s - \-s∂-sb-∂m-se-\n˛ °dn-tb-≠X - p-s≠s‚b[-a¿Æ-\m-Wh - ≥. s\Sp-ho¿∏p hn´p Rm≥ h∂n-cn-°p-I-bm˛ bSn sh®p ho≠pao hr£-Øn≥ XW-en-em-bv. CΔn[w ImgvN-Iƒ I≠p I≠n-ßs\ hnf-dn-t∏mbv ImWp-∂-Xm-bn-Sm-an-Ωcw !

Xkveo\ sI. _n.-F. tkmtjym-fPn c≠mw h¿jw

127


\ne-hn-f°v hn¬°m≥ h∂ kv{Xo Pohn-XØ - n¬ as‰¥v ad-∂mepw \ne-hn-f°v hn¬°m≥ h∂ B kv{Xosb Rm≥ Hcp-\mfpw ad-°n-√. A{X-am{Xw Fs‚ a\- ns‚ F√m ap°p-aq-e-I-sfbpw AKm-[-ambn kv]¿in® Hcp A\p-`-h-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. Ipd®p h¿j-߃°p apºv Hcp kmbm-”Ø - n-em-WXv \S-∂X - v. ]Ømw-Xc - Ø - n¬ Fs‚ kl-]m-Tn-\nbmbncp∂ Hcp s]¨Ip-´n°v Ieym-W-k-Ωm\w sImSp-°m≥ ]‰nb Hcp hkvXp tXSn \K-cØ - nse _kv Ãm‚n-\S- p-Øp≈ Hcp teml°-S-bn¬ sN∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Rm≥. `‡-bmb Hcp lnμps]¨Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp∂p Ah-sf-∂X - n-\m¬ Ahƒt°‰w {]nbs∏´ Hcp \ne-hn-f°v hmßn kΩm-\n-°m-\m-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ Xocp-am-\w. Rm≥ teml-°S- b - n-se-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ tai-∏p-dØ - p-Xs∂ kmam\yw sIm≈m-hp-∂Xpw Fs‚ Dt±-iy-Øn-\p-X-Ip-∂-Xpamb Hcp \ne-hn-f° - p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. apºn¬ \n¬°p∂ kv{Xo AXv hn¬°m≥ sIm≠p-h∂ - n-cn-°b - m-sW∂v Ah-cpsS kwkmc-Øn¬ \n∂v Rm≥ a\- n-em-°n. Ah-cpsS apJsØ ssZ\yX I≠m¬ Ft¥m AXym-hiyw ImcWw Atß-b‰w \n¿_-‘n-X-bm-bn-´mWv Ah-cXv hn¬°p-∂-sX∂pw AXv hn¬°p-∂-Xn¬ Ah-cpsS a\- n\v \√ hnj-a-ap-s≠∂pw B¿°pw {Kln-°m-\m-Ipw. hfsc ]g°w tXm∂n-°p∂ Hcp \ne-hn-f° - m-bn-cp∂p AXv. AXn-t∑¬ ]‰n-∏n-Sn-®n-cn-°p∂ ¢mhv GtXm Hcp ]gb Xd-hm-´n¬ Iptd-Im-ea - m-bn´v shfn®w sXfn-bn® H∂ns\ Ipdn°p-∂p. apºn¬ \n¬°p∂ kv{XobpsS apJØpap≠v Xdhm-Sn-Ø-Øn-s‚bpw Ipeo-\-X-bp-sSbpw e£-W-߃ FºmSpw. IS-°m-c≥ A™q-‰n-∏Øv cq] hnf-°n\v hne ]d™-t∏mƒ Ah-fpsS apJsØ ssZ\y-`mhw h¿≤n®v apJw Ccp-fp-∂Xv I≠p. a‰mcpw ImWm-sXbpw Adn-bm-sXbpw AXv hn‰p-In-´W - s - a∂Xn\m-em-bn-cn°mw Hcp hne-t]-ie - n\v Ah¿ apXn-cp-∂Xv I≠n-√. F¶nepw A`n-am\w hnSmsX AXv hn¬°m≥ Ah¿ Ipd®pt\cw ]cpßn\n∂p. Xs∂ a‰m-sc¶nepw {i≤n-°p-∂pt≠m F∂-h¿ Np‰pw ItÆm-Sn-®p-t\m-°p∂p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. F\n°m hnf-°n-s‚t\sc sImXn tXm∂n. H∂p tX®p-an-\p-°n-bm¬ ]pXn-bX - n-t\-°mƒ Xnf°w In´p-am-bn-cp∂p B ]gb hnf-°n\v. HSp-hn¬ A™q‰n AºXv cq] hne-bpd-∏n®v IS-°m-c≥ Ah-cpsS t\sc apJw Xncn-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv I≠p. B kv{Xo Xs‚ ]g-Inb kmcn-Øpºv sIm≠v IÆpI-fn¬ \nd™ Pew H∏n hnf°v IS-°mc\v sImSpØv In´nb

118

128

^mkn¬ ^bmZv kn. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

hne- [rXn-bn¬ hmßn FÆn-t\m°n ÿew hn´p. Rm≥ B kv{Xo ad-bp-∂-Xp-hsc Ah-sc-Øs∂ t\m°n \n∂p. Fs‚ a\ v Rm\-dn-bmsX Ah-cpsS ]n∂mse k©-cn-®psIm-≠n-cp-∂p. Rm≥ IS-°m-ct- \mSv B hnf-°ns\{X-sb∂v tNmZn-®t∏mƒ Abm-sf-t∂mSv Bbncw cq] hne-]-d-™p. AØ-cØn-ep≈ ]pXn-sbm-sc-Æ-Øn\v \√ hne- h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. ImcWw AsXmcp Hm´p-hn-f-°m-bn-cp-∂p. B hne B kv{Xo°v sImSpØv Ah-cpsS ]°¬ \n∂Xv t\cn´v hmßmam-bn-cp-∂nt√ X\n-s°∂v Rms\-t∂mSv kzbw tNmZn-®p. ]s£ B kv{XobpsS A`n-am-\-{]-I-S\w I≠v Rm≥ AhcpsS I®-h-S-Øn¬ CS-s]-Sm-Xn-cn-°p-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-Xs∂-bm-bn-cpt∂m Rm≥ sNtø-≠n-bn-cp-∂Xv Fs∂-\n°v \n›b-an-√. GXm-bmepw Rm≥ B IS-°m-c≥ ]d™ hne \¬In hnf-°p-hmßn Xncn-®p-t]m-∂p. F¥n-\mWv B kv{Xo B hnf°v hn‰Xv? Ah-cpsS `¿Ømhv tcmKn-bm-bn-cn-°mw. hb- mb amXm-]n-Xm-°sf Xo‰nt∏m-‰m≥ thsd hgn-bn-√m-Ø-Xp-sIm-≠m-bn-cp∂ncn°mw. Xdhm´n-s‚ -D-≈n¬ Zmcn{Zyw Xfw-sI-´n-b-t∏mƒ Ah¿ hnf-s°SpØv ]pd-Øn-d-ßn-b-Xm-bn-cp∂ncn°mw. sO! Rm\Xv Ahcn¬ \n∂v Bbncw cq]°v hmßn-bn-cp-s∂-¶n¬ B em`s°m-Xn-b≥ - IS-°m-c\v Fs‚ Imiv In´p-∂X - n\p ]Icw AXh¿°p In´p-am-bn-cp-∂n-t√. X¬£-W-bp-‡n-bn-√mØ Fs‚ Zpÿn-Xn-bn¬ Rm≥ e÷n-°p-Ibm-bn-cp∂p. `mcn® thZ-\bpw A`n-am-\hpw Xf¿Ønb B kv{Xosb Rm≥ klm-bn-®n-√t√m. Aßs\ Hmtcm∂v Nn¥n®v kzbw ]gn®v Rm≥ Fs‚ ho´n-se-Øn. I√ym-WZ- n-hkw B \ne-hn-f°v Hcp IS-em-kn¬ s]mXn™v AXp-ambn Rms\s‚ kl-]m-Tn-\n-bpsS hoSv e£y-am°n ]pd-s∏-´p. apsºm-cn-°epw AhnsS t]mbn-´n-√m-Ø-Xn-\m¬ hfsc {]bm-k-s∏-´mWv Rm\m ÿehpw hoSpw Is≠-Ønb-X.v Rm≥ sN√p-tºmƒ Fs‚bpw Ah-fp-sSbpw IqsS ]Tn® Ht´sd t]¿ I√ym- W - Ø ns\Øn- b n- ´ p- ≠ v . R߃ B ]p\: am-Kaw icn°pw Bkz-Zn-®p. Aßs\ Fs‚ kΩm\-amb B \ne-hn-f°v Rm\h-fpsS Iøn-te°p \o´n. Ahƒ AXv hmßn ""AtΩ, Fs‚ H∏w ]Tn® Iq´p-Im¿'' F∂-v \o´n-hn-fn-®p. Ah-fpsS AΩ Rßsf FXn-tc¬°m≥ ]pdtØ-°p-hc - p-tºmƒ Rm\msI sR´n-t∏mbn. A∂m IS-bn¬ \ne-hn-f°p hn¬°m≥ h∂ kv{Xo! AX-h-fpsS AΩ-bm-bncp-∂p.


{]]-©Ø - ns‚ Km\w

keoe- ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv BIm-iØ - n\v `qan-tbmSv Fs¥mcp kulrZw ! IS-∏m-Sp-≈Xv sIm≠mhmw ]qacw `qan°v ]q h¿jn®p sImSp-°p-∂-Xv. F∂m¬ BIm-iw, kuP-\y-ambn `qan-bn-te°v ag-∏q-°ƒ Xpcp-Xpcm h¿jn-°p-∂p. B ag-∏q-°ƒ IuXp-I-ambn lrZ-bsØ kv]¿in-°p-tºmƒ a[p-c-kva-c-W-I-fpsS ag-h¿jw a\- ns\ NSp-e-am-°p-∂p. an∂-sem-fn-bpsS ]p©n-cn°pw CSn-ap-g-°-Øns‚ Bt{Im-i-Øn-\pw aμm-\n-es‚ Ic-kv]¿i-Øn-\p-an-S-bn¬ {]]-©-Øns‚ Km\-ambn ag-sb-Øp-∂p. F∂m¬ Im‰ns‚ t{Im[w ag-tbbpw {Ip≤-am-°p-∂p. AtXmsS AXns‚ arZp-eXzw Ah-km-\n-°p-I-bm-bn. AXv B]¬°m-cn-bm-hp-I-bmbn AXns‚ kwKoXw \ne-°p-I-bmbn Xe-apSn Agn-®n-´m-Sp∂ ]nim-Nn-s\-t∏m-se-bmWv ]ns∂ {]]-©hpw {]Ir-Xn-bpw.

129


Ah-fn∂v A_-e-b√ iwjmZv sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

kv{Xosb A_-e-bmbn KWnt°≠ Imew Ign-™n-cn-°p-∂p. Xm≥ F¥n\pw t]m∂-h-fm-sW∂v sXfn-bn®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p-Ib - m-Wh - ƒ. H‰bv ° p ]pd- Ø n- d - ß mt\m bm{X sNømt\m A\p-hm-Z-an-√msX ASp-°f - b - nepw AI-Øf - Ø - nepw HXpßn- b n- c p∂ Ahƒ C∂v GXv cwKØpw BWns\ sh√p- h n- f n®v kz¥-ambn {]Xy-£-s∏-Sp∂ Ah-ÿbmWv ImWp-∂X - v. GXv ]co-£b - nepw kv{XobmWv ap∂n¬. A[n- I m- c - t I- { μ- ß - f nepw Ahƒ FØn hnP-b-I-c-ambn tim`n°p-∂p. C¥y≥ cmjv{S-]X - n-bpsS Itkc-bn¬ t]mepw {]Xn-`m-]m-´o¬ F∂ Hcp kv{XobmWv C∂n-cn-°p-∂X - v. Cub- h - ÿ - b n- t e°v Ahƒ FØn-b-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ Hcp-]mSv LSI- ß ƒ {]h¿Øn- ® n- ´ p- ≠ v . ]m›mXycpw ]uc-kvXy-cp-amb H´-\-h[n Fgp-Øp-Im-cpsS XqenI CXn-\mbn Nen-∏n-°s - ∏-´n-´p-≈X - mbn ImWmw. t\m¿Δo-Pn-b≥ \mS-II - r-Øm-bncp∂ sl≥{SnIv C_vk≥ Hcp \qdpsIm√w apºv kv{Xo{]iv\w ssIImcyw sNbvXp-sIm≠v cNn® "F tUmƒkv lukv' F∂ aq∂¶ \mSIw CΔn-jbI-amb Hcp khn-tij IrXn-bm-Wv. CXnse apJy-I-Ym-]m-{X-amb t\md sl¬a- d n- e mWv IY- b psS {][m- \ _nμp AS- ß n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . Xs‚ kz¥-amb sFU‚n‰n AwKo-Ic - n-°m≥ Iq´m-°mØ `¿Ømhv sl¬a-sdbpw H∏w a°-sfbpw hn´v A¿≤-cm-{Xn-bn¬ "\osb-\n-°m-cp-a√' F∂p-ds° ]d™v Cd- ß n- t ∏mb t\md hntam- N nX kv{XobpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-bm-Wv. kv{Xo°v Ah-fp-tS-Xmb A`n-

120

130

cp-Nn-Ifpw Xnc-s™-Sp-∏p-Ifpw Ds≠∂ bmYm¿∞yw AwKo-I-cn-°msX Xs‚ sNm¬∏-Sn-°h - ƒ \n∂p-sIm-≈W - s - a∂v Nn¥n-°p-Ibpw Aßs\ Ahƒs°√m -ku-I-cy-ßfpw kwc-£-W-ßfpw Hcp- ° n- s °m- S p- ° m≥ k∂- ≤ - \ m- h pIbpw sNbv X `¿Øm- h m- b n- c p∂p tSm¿hmƒUv sl¬a¿. ]s£, t\md °v th≠n- b n- c p- ∂ Xv Hcp kzX{¥ kv{Xo F∂ \ne-bn-ep≈ AhfpsS AkvXn-Xz-Øn\v AwKo-Imcw In´p-Ib - mbn-cp-∂p. ]pcp-j-ta-[m-hn-Xz-Øn¬ A[njvTn-X-amb IpSpw-_-Po-hnXw F∂ k¶¬]w amdn kv{Xo°pw ]pcp-j\pw Xpey-]¶ - m-fn-Øa - p≈ Zmº-Xy-Po-hnXw F∂ k¶¬∏-am-Wn-\n temIØv \S∏n-em-Ip-∂X - .v kvt\lw c≠p-t]-scbpw Iq´nbnW°p-∂n-SØv CsXmckm-[y-Imcy-a-√-X-s∂. `¿Øm-hns\ _lp-am-\n°p∂ `mcy-b√, ]c-kv]cw kvt\ln°p-Ibpw AwKo-Ic - n-°p-Ibpw sNøp∂ Zº- X n- a m- c m- W n\n IpSpw- _ - P o- h n- X Ønse ]¶m-fn-Iƒ. c≠p-t]-cp-sSbpw s‰bnÃv ]cn-K-Wn-®p-sIm-≠p-≈-Xm-bncn°pw lukvIo-∏nw-Kv. CsX√mw icn. ]s£ kv{Xo°v kl-P-amb Hcp {]Ir-X-ap-s≠∂pw AXv ]pcp-j-t‚-Xn¬ \n∂v hyXykvXamsW∂pw AXn¬ hnt[-bX - zhpw Iogvs]-Sepw AS-ßn-bn-cn-°p∂psh ∂pw \mw {Kln-°-Ww. kv{Xo A¿[-

cm-{Xn-bn¬ ho´n¬ \n∂n-dßn Ae™mepw ]pcp-j≥ Ae-™m-ep-ap-≠mIp∂ ^ew H∂m-bn-cn-°n-√. ]pcp-js‚ apjvSn-°p-≈n¬ Aa¿∂p-t]m-Ip∂ kv{Xo°v AXn¬ \n∂v c£-s∏-Sm\p≈ imco-cnI i‡n Ipd-bpw. kv { Xohn- t am- N - \ hpw kv { Xo kzmX{¥yhp-sa√mw sIm´ntLm-jn-°s∏-Sp-tºmgpw kv{Xokuμcyw _nkn\ n¬ Nqj-tWm-]m-[n-bm-°s - ∏-Sp-∂p-sh∂-XmWv ]c-am¿∞w. ]c-ky-ß-fnse kv{Xo\·Xm {]I-S\w Hcp-Zm-lc - W - w. kv{Xoicocw ]c-am-h[n Xpd-∂p-Im-´m\mWv ]c-ky-°m¿s°√mw Xm¬]-cyw. CXn-sem-cn-°epw kv{XobpsS A¥ v ]cn-c-£n-°-en-s√∂v F√m-hcpw kΩXn-°pw. kv { Xohm- W n- ` - a mWv as‰mcp {][m\ hnjbw. kv{XobpsS Zu¿_ey-am-Wn-hn-sSbpw NqjWw sNø-s∏Sp-∂X - v. \·Xm {]I-S\ - Ø - n\pw B[p\nI hkv{X-[m-cW coXn-Iƒ°p-sa√mw CXn¬ ]¶p-s≠∂v ad-∂p-Iq-Sm. kv{Xo Ahsf {]Z¿in-∏n-®m¬ ]pcp-j\v AXv {]tem-`-\-am-hp-sa-¶n¬ B {]Z¿i\w ths≠-∂p-sh-®p-Iq-tS. Npcp-°Ø - n¬ kv{Xo C∂v cwKØmWv. AWn-b-d-bn-e-√, Acßn-emW-hƒ. AXn-\m¬ AXns‚ {]XymLm-Xß - ƒ Icp-Xn-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw AXns\-Xn-cn¬ Icp-X-tem-sS-bn-cn-°p-Ibpw sNøpI skmssk-‰n-bpsS IS-ab - s - {X.


hnS

ssdlm-\Øv sI.-F-kv. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

C\n ]ncn-™p-t]m-In-s\-∂¿∞-Øn¬ HSp-hn-esØ s_√Sn tIƒ°p-t∂cw t]mIp-hm≥ Imtem-ßp-s∂-¶nepw BIp-∂n-s√-\n°p \oßp-hm≥. aq∂m-≠p-I-fn-°-em-eb `nØn-°p-≈n¬ ap∂nepw ]n∂nepw AWn-bm-bn-cp-∂-h¿, Htc h¿Æ-Øn¬ hkv{X-[m-cWw sNbvX-h¿, Adn-hn≥ kmK-c-Øn-sem-∂n-®q-fnbn´h¿, Htc \nbaw ]men-s®mtc Nn´bn¬ \n∂-h¿, AsX, C\n R߃ `n∂n-°Ww t]m¬! kulr-ZØ - n≥ IÆn-Iƒ tIm¿Øv Htc kvt\l-®-ß-e-bmbn amdn-b-h¿ C\n shtΔsd IÆn-I-fm-hWw t]m¬! hn[n Aß-s\-bm-Wp-t]m¬ I¬∏n-®n-cn-°p-∂Xv hn[n-bpsS Im¬°¬ hoWp sI©p∂p Acp-Xv, Rßsf XΩn¬ ]ncn-°-cpXv. ]s£, hn[n ]d-™m¬ tIƒ°p-In-√s{X! hn[n-°-∏o-en-√-s{X, Hcn-°¬t]mepw! AXn-\m¬ Iq´p-Imsc, \ap°p ]ncn-bmw, ho≠pw ho≠pw Hm¿Ω-bn-e-W-bmw.

Imen-°‰v bqWn-th-gvkn‰n C‚¿tkm-¨ 2010 ¬ 400x4 dnte a’-c-Øn¬ aq∂mw ÿm\w Ic-ÿ-am-°nb F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ

CwZmZv ]n., kmenlv Sn., apl-ΩZv Alvk≥ sI., Xmln¿ sI.

131


Fs‚ IY; a‰t\I-cp-sSbpw im_m\p _ntImw. sk°‚ v ska-ÿ

\new-I-Øp∂ shbn¬. icocw am{X-a√ a\ pw s]m≈n-s°m-≠mWv Rm≥ ho´n-te°v Ib-dn-s®-∂X - v. ]pdsØ NqSv AI-sØ-Øn-bm¬ ian-°p-sa∂v Icp-Xn-bn-cp∂p. ]s£ ]pd-sØ-Xn-t\-°mfpw henb hnß-emWv AIsØ-Øn-b-t∏mƒ A\p-`-h-s∏-´-Xv. A{Xbv°p \n¿Z-b-am-bncp∂p Fs∂ kw_-‘n-®n-S-tØmfw AI-Øp-≈-h-cpsS kwkm-chpw s]cp-am-‰-hpw. s]Æmbn-∏n-d∂ - Xv Rm≥ sNbvX sX‰m-sW-∂ptXm∂pw Hmtcm-cp-Øc - p-sS kwkmcw tI´m¬. "Ieym-W{- ]mb-sa-Øn-bn´v Ipsd-bm-bn. C\nbpw Bcpw sI´m≥ h∂p-ImWp-∂n-√. Cu {]mb-Øn-ep-≈Xv Hcm¨Ip-´n-bm-bn-cp-s∂¶n¬ IpSpw-_-Øn-s\mcp Xmßpw XW-ep-am-Ip-am-bn-cp-∂p. CXv ht√mcpw sI´n-s°m-t≠m-sW-¶n¬ Xs∂ aXn-bmthmfw ]t≠mw ]tWmw Aß´v sImSp-°Ww' Cß-s\t]mIpw Fs∂ Np‰n-∏-‰n-bp≈ Ia‚-Sn. ]e-t∏mgpw CsX√mw tI´v Btem-Nn®v Ic-bm-dp-≠v. ]s£, F\n°v Ic-bm\pw \n¿Δm-l-an-√mØ ÿnXn-bm-Wv ho´n¬. Ic-bp-∂Xv I≠m¬ F√m-hcpw tZjy-s∏-Spw. AXn\m¬ a\- ns‚ hnß-e-S-°m≥ Bcpw ImWmsX IÆo-scmgp-°p-I-bmWv ]Xn-hv. amXm-]n-Xm-°ƒ°v ]S-®-X-ºp-cm≥ I¬∏n-®p-sIm-SpØ im]amWv Rms\-∂m-bn-cn°pw AhcpsS hnNm-cw. Nne-t∏m-sgms° AΩmbn am{Xw Fs∂ A\p-Iq-en®v kwkm-cn-°pw. samgn-sNm-√-s∏´v ho´n-en-cnt°≠ Zp¿hn-[n-bp-≠mb Ah¿°v kv{XoZp:Jß-fpsS Bg-

122

132

a-dn-bp-∂Xv sIm≠m-bn-cn-°mw. s]Æmbn ]nd-°p-∂Xv Hcp Zp»Ip\w t]mse BfpIƒ hnNm-cn-°m≥ Imc-W-sa-¥m-bn-cn°mw? K¿`-ÿ-inip s]Æm-sW-∂-dn™v K¿`w Ae-kn-∏n-°p-∂-Xp-t]mepw hm¿Ø-bm-Im-dp-≈-Xm-Wv. Fs‚ h√ypΩ hsc Rm≥ s]Æm-b-Xn¬ Zp:Jn°p-∂p. kzbw Hcp kv{Xobm-bn´pw kv{Xoh¿§-sØ-°p-dn®v Ah¿°v aXn-∏n-√m-Ø-sX¥v? F¥n-\mWv s]¨Ip-´n-Isf sI´n-®-b-°p-tºmƒ hne-]n-Sn∏p≈ B`-c-W-ßfpw IqsS th≠nhcp-∂Xv? s]Æn\v kzbw hne-bn-√m-™n-´mtWm? A∂pw ]Xn-hp]√-hn-X-s∂-bmWv ho´n¬ \n∂p tI´-Xv. ]s£ km[m-cW H∂pw an≠msX IÆo¿ hm¿°pI am{Xw sNøm-dp-≠m-bn-cp∂ Rm≥ As∂mcnØncn sIdp-hn-®p-I-f-™p. AXm¿°pw A{X ckn-®n-√. AXp-aqew Imcy-ß-ƒ Hcp s]m´n-sØ-dn-h-sc-sb-Øn. _mey-Imew apX¬°v F\n-°p-≠m-bn-cp∂ Ifn-tØm-g-\pambn Rm≥ ]pe¿Øn-t∏m∂ ASp-∏w C√m-Xm-°n-bXv CtX ho´p-Im¿ Xs∂-bm-sW∂ hkvXpX Rm\-hsc A\p-kva-cn∏n-®p. BWpw s]Æpw XΩn-ep≈ hyXym-k-sØ-°p-dn®v bmsXm-∂p-ad - n-bm-Xn-cp∂ Ime-ØmWv Ah\pw Rm\pw XΩn¬ ASp-Ø-Xv. Rß-fn-cp-hcpw H∏w Ifn®p. Hcp-an-®ncp∂v Du™m-em-Sn. Hcn-SØv InS-∂p. B¿°pw A∂-Xn¬ Hcm-t£-]-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. {ItaW R߃ hf¿∂p-hep-Xm-bn. Fs¥m-s°tbm am‰-߃ Rß-fn-cp-h-cnepw h∂p-


sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. H∏w Ifn-®p-h-f¿∂-h-cm-b-Xn-\m¬ B am‰-ßfn¬ bmsXm-ck - m-[m-cW - X - zhpw R߃ I≠n-cp-∂n-√. ]s£, ho´p-Im¿°Xv h√m-sØmcp hnj-b-am-bn. Rß-sfbn-\n-taen¬ Hcp-an-®p-Im-Wp-∂Xp hsc Ah¿ hne-°n. AtXmsS R߃°v Hcp-an-®p≈ \S-∏n-cp-∏p-Ifpw Ifn-X-ami-Ifpw Ah-km-\n-∏n-t°-≠n-h-∂p. Aßs\ t\csØ H∂m-bn-cp∂ R߃ c≠pw c≠m-bn. F¶nepw sNdp∏w apX¬t° Hcp-an-®m-bn-cp-∂-Xn-eqsS Ac-°n-´p-d-∏n-°-s∏´ R߃°n-S-bnse _‘w F∂n¬ GtXm sshIm-cn-I-XbpsS cq]w {]m]n®v hf¿∂p-sIm-t≠-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£, Fs‚ B Ifn-°q-´p-Im-cs\ ]ns∂-sbm-cn-°epw F\n°v ImWm≥ Ign-™n-√. \n¿_-‘n-®p≈ ]dn-®p-\-S-en¬ Rm\p-am-bp≈ _‘Øns‚ thcp-Iƒ Ah-\n¬ \n∂v s]m´n-t∏m-bn-cn-°mw. Aßs\ F\n°v hnhm-l-{]m-b-am-bn. CXv Rm\-dnbp-∂Xv Fs‚ ka-{]m-b-°m-cmb s]¨Ip-´nI-sf√mw hnhmln-Xc - m-Ip-∂Xv ho´p-Im-cn-eqsS Hm¿Ωn-∏n°-s∏-Sp-tºm-gm-Wv. H∏w kmº-ØnI ÿnXn-bpsS tami-amWv Fs‚ hnhmlØn\p≈ XS- -sa∂ Imcy-hpw Ah-scs∂ Hm¿Ωn∏n-°p-am-bn-cp-∂p. Rm\m-sW-¶n¬ hnhm-l-sØ-°p-dn®v Btem-Nn-°m-tdbn√. ]T-\-Ønepw hmb-\-bnepw ckw Is≠-Øp-∂X - n-\m¬ Pohn-XØn¬ bmsXmcp hnck-Xbpw F\n-°-\p-`-h-s∏-Sp∂n√. Fs‚ Ifn-°q-´p-Im-c-s\-°p-dn®p≈ Hm¿Ω a\- n¬ kq£n-°p-∂-Xn-\m¬ AXn¬ \n∂p In´p∂ Hcp kpJw Rm\-\p-`-hn-°p-∂p-ap≠v. Cß-s\-sb-√m-am-sW-¶nepw Rm≥ hnhm-ln-Xb - m-hpI-sb-∂Xv ho´p-Im¿s°m-c`n-am-\{- ]-iv\a - m-Ws - {X. "s]Æn\v Ieym-Ws - am∂pw Bbnt√' F∂ Ab¬°m-cpsSbpw _‘p-°-fp-sSbpw a‰p \m´p-Im-cp-sSbpw tNmZyw Ah-cpsS ImXp-Isf Atem-kc - s - ∏-Sp-Øp-∂p-≠m-hmw. Rm≥ \S-∂p\o-ßp-tºmƒ ]ecpw Fs∂ Xpdn-®p-t\m-°p-∂Xpw ]cn-lmk-®ncn Nncn-°p-∂Xpw Fs‚ {i≤-bn¬ s]Sm-dp-≠v. Cub¿∞-Øn¬ Xs∂-bm-bn-cn°pw AsX-√m-sa∂v Rm≥ a\- n-em-°m-dp-ap-≠v. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ Fs∂ `cn-°m≥ Fs‚ Pohn-X-Øn-te-s°mcp ]pcp-j≥ hcp-∂-Xn¬ F\n-

s°mcp Xm¬-]-cy-hp-an-√. F\n-s°-t‚-Xmbn Pohn-°-Ww. sNdp∏w apX¬t° Adn™pw a\- n-em-°nbpw t]m∂ Fs‚ Ifn-°q-´p-Im-c\p am{Xta Fs∂ Ft‚-Xm°n \ndpØn Rm\p-ambn Hcp-an®p Pohn-°m≥ Ignbq F∂ hnNmcw sh®p-]p-e¿Øp-∂-Xn-\m-emWv F\n°v as‰m-cm-fpam-bp≈ hnhm-l-Øn¬ Xm¬]-cy-an-√m-Ø-Xv. CXv ]s£ Rm≥ F∂n¬ am{Xw HXp°n kq£n-®n-cp∂ Hcp cl-kyam-bn-cp-∂p. AXv Rm≥ A\m-h-cWw sNbvX-XmWv A∂sØ s]m´n-sØ-dn°v acp-∂mbn amdn-b-Xv. "Cøn∏gpw B t{]tamw-sIm≠v \S°zm? F∂m-en\n Abn\v \n°-≠. Hms‚ I√ymWw Ign-™n-cn-°vWp. As√¶nepw RΩfpw Hmepw XΩn¬ Fßs\ tbmPn-°m\m? Hmev h√y ]W-°m-cm. \qdp-]-h\pw A©v et£mw hmßo‰m Hm≥ sI´o-cn-°vW-Xv. RΩ-s°ms° Hms\ FØn-t\m-°m≥ Itøzm? AtXm-≠n™n Abva° - q-S≠m' h√yp-Ω-bmWnXv ]d-™-Xv. "kvt\l-an-√m-tØmcm ]t≠mw ]tWmw IW-°n√msX hmßn sI´vtWm-scm-s°. \n°-ßs\ H∂n\ow th≠. Fs‚ Ip´n-°mew apX¬°v Hcp-an-®p-h-f¿∂ R߃ XΩn-ep≈ kvt\lw sh´n-ap-dn-®Xv \nßfm. \ns°s∂ B¿°pw hn¬°m≥ a\- n√. AtXm≠m \n°v I√ymWw th≠m-ØXv'. a\- n¬ Hcp \nt£]w IWs° Ipgn-®p-aq-Sn-bn-cp∂ B clkyw Rm≥ ]pd-sØ-SpØv AhcpsS t\sc Fdn-™p. Bcp-sSbpw kzIm-cy-kz-Øm-Im≥ F\n°p ]‰ns√∂ hmin Rm≥ apdp-sI-∏n-Sn-®p-t]m-cp-∂p. AXn-ep-d®v Rms\s‚ hgntb \S-°p-∂p. ]Tn∏pw hmb-\bpw apS-°msX. CXmWv CXp-h-sc-bp≈ Fs‚ IY. Fs∂-t∏mse Fs‚ {]mb-°m-cmb ]e-cp-sSbpw IY. F∂p-]-d-™m¬ C∂p-h-sc-bp≈ IY. `mhn F¥m-Ip-sa-∂m¿°-dnbmw? GXm-bmepw Rm≥ Ft‚-X-√m-Xm-Ip∂ Hc-hÿ F\n°v kwPm-Xa - m-Ip-∂X - n-s\-Xn-cn¬ Hcp hnk-ΩXw Rms\∂pw kq£n-°p-I-Xs∂ sNøpw. Hcp s]¨Ip-´n°pw Ignbpw IpSpw-_-Øn\v Xmßpw XW-ep-am-Im-s\∂v sXfn-bn-°p-Isb-¶nepw sNøm-at√m F\n-°v.

_ncp-Z[ - mcn Abm-fpsS t\sc-bm-bn-cp∂p F√m-h-cp-sSbpw ZrjvSn. Ft¥m ]ndp-]n-dpØp-sIm≠v Abmƒ \S∂p \oßp-I-bm-Wv. \o´n-h-f¿Ønb XmSn. Iodn-ap-jn™ j¿´pw ]m‚pw. NoIm≥ ad∂ Xe-apSn Im‰n¬ Ae-£yambn ]mdn-∏-d-°p-∂p. ]mXn-a-b-°-Øn-emb Nph∂ IÆp-Iƒ. Abmƒ AßmSn apgp-h≥ Ae-£y-ambn Atßm-´p-an-tßm´pw Dem-Øp-Ib - m-Wv. hnIr-Xn-∏n-t≈¿ ]n∂mse IqSp-Ibpw Is√dn-bp-Ibpw sNøp-tºmgpw. Abmƒ Iqk-en-√msX \SØw XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. AXn-\nS-bn-emWv Abm-fpsS I£-Øn¬ \n∂v hnb¿∏n¬ IpXn¿∂ Iodn-∏-dn™ IS-emkp-Iƒ Xmsg hoWXv. Abm-fpsS _ncp-Z_ncpZm-\-¥c k¿´n^n-°-‰p-I-ƒ...!

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Hcp CW-°n-fnsb tXSn Rm\n-∂se Pme-I-∏-Sn-bn¬ sN∂n-cp-∂p. Hcp-]mSv ss]¶n-fn-Iƒ ]d-∂p-t]m-sb-¶nepw Pme-I-∏-Sn-bn¬ Rm≥ am{X-ambn C\n-sbs‚ Pme-I-∏-Sn-bn-te-s°mcp Infn Iq´n-\mbv hcn-s√∂p Rm≥ Hm¿Øp-t]mbn Hcp-]mSv t\cw Rm≥ ImØp-\n-∂p... Hcp Infn hcp-sa-t∂m¿Øp \n∂p... sshInb thf-bn¬ Hcp sIm®p ss]¶n-fn, F≥ Pme-I-∏-Sn-bn-embv tN°n-cp-∂p... Hcp \√ ]m´p aqfn-s°m≠m ss]¶nfn ]mS-h-c-ºn-eq-S-I∂p t]mbn... As∂s‚ \n{Z-bn¬ kz]v\-amb˛ °nfn am{X-am-bn-cp-∂p ]pe-cpw hsc. A∂p-hsc Rm≥ tI´ ]ms´√mw F≥ a\- n¬ \n∂pw If-™p-t]mbn B Infn ]mSnb ]m´v am{X-ambv F≥ a\- n¬ _m°n-bmbn... B sIm®p ss]¶nfn hcp-∂Xpw ImØv C∂pw Rms\≥ Pme-I-hm-Xn¬ Xpd-∂n-cn-°p∂p.

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{]W-bn\n apl-Ω-Zen inlm_v H∂mw h¿j _n.-F.-Cw-•ojv


Cu Ip´n BtWm s]tÆm?

j^o-Jv kn.-Fw. _n.F Cw•ojv 2005-˛08

GXm\pw h¿j-߃°p-apºv e£van`mbv F∂ hf¿ØΩ-bpsS hnc¬Xp-ºn¬ Xqßn Hcp sIm®p]ø≥ kvIqfn-te°v \oßn. Ahs‚ Npcp≠ Xe-apSn sS∂okv CXn-lmkw sa°≥ tdmsb A\p-kva-cn-∏n-®n-cp-∂p. AXv Hcp dn∫¨sIm≠v sI´n-bn´p-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. Cßs\ kvIqfns‚ ]Sn-hm-Xn¬ IS-∂p-h∂ Ip´nbpsS apJ-Øp-t\m°n ¢m v So®¿ tNmZn®p: "Cu Ip´n BtWm s]tÆm?' \njvIf - ¶ `mh-tØmsS Ah≥ So®-dpsS apJ-Øp-t\m°n. At∏mƒ So®-dpsS ASpØ tNmZyw: "F¥m Ip´n-bpsS t]cv?' Ah≥ H∂p ]p©n-cn®p. F∂n´v ]d-™p: "k®n≥'. e£-an-`mbv B t]cv ]q¿Øn-bm-°n: "k®n≥ ctaiv sS≠p¬°¿'. alm-cmjv{Sm Io¿Øn tImtf-Pnse admØn s{]m^-k-dmbn-cp∂ ctaiv sS≠p¬°-dp-sSbpw F¬.-sF.-kn. DtZym-K-ÿ-bmbn-cp∂ cP-\n-bp-sS-bpw aI-\mWv k®n≥ sS≠p¬°¿. A—≥ ctaiv sS≠p¬°¿ Hcp {]K¤ Ihnbpw kmln-Xy-Im-c-\p-am-bncp-∂p. F∂m¬ aI≥ Ihn-Xbpw kmln-Xyhpw cNn-®Xv "hnt√m' F∂ XSn-°jvWw sIm≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXv Ahs\ temI{]ikvXn-bpsS sImSp-ap-Sn-bn¬ sNs∂-Øn-®p. {In°‰v _uf¿am-cpsS t]Sn-kz-]v\a - mb k®n≥ Xs‚ t\´-ßf - n¬ Al-¶c - n-°mØ ]IzX-bm¿∂ Hcp hy‡n-Xz-Øns‚ DS-a-bm-Wv. {In°‰v {Ku≠n¬ B{I-aW - I - m-cn-bp-sSbpw {Ku≠n\v ]pdØv kuay-Xb - p-sSbpw ]cymb-amb k®n≥ a‰p ]e -Xm-c-߃°pw amXr-I-bm-Wv. Ifn-°n-Sbn¬ FXn¿Ifn-°m¿ {]tIm-]n-∏n-®m¬ t]mepw k®n≥ sNdp-Nncn-tbmsS AXv I≠n-s√∂v \Sn-°p-∂p. Hcp Ifn-°m-c\p t\scbpw apJw- I-dp-∏n-®p≈ t\m´w k®n-\n¬ \n∂v ImWm≥ km[n-°n-√. FXn¿Ifn-°msc _lp-am-\-tØm-Sp-IqSn k®n≥ ImWp-∂p. CubnsS Cw•ojv ^pSvt_mƒ Xmcw shbv≥dq-Wn°v am©-ÿ bpssW-‰Uv ^pSvt_mƒ Sow tIm®v AeIvkv s^¿§q-k-\p-ambn hntbm-Pn-∏p-≠m-b-t∏mƒ Z£n-Wm-{^n-°≥ {In°‰v Sow Iym]v‰≥ t{Kbnw-kvanØv ]d™p: "dqWn k®ns\ I≠v ]Tn-°s´'. CXp-

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t]m-ep≈ ]e Ah-k-c-ß-fnepw {In°-‰n¬ am{X-a√ at‰Xp taJ-e-I-fn-em-bn-cp-∂mepw ]ecpw k®ns\ amXr-I-bm-°m≥ ]d-bp∂ L´-߃ \Ωƒ I≠n-´p-≠v. Hcn-°¬ Hcp C¥y≥ ]m¿esa‚ v AwK-tØmSv Xm¶ƒ Bcm-Im≥ B{K-ln-°p∂p F∂v tNmZn-®t- ∏mƒ Abmƒ ]d™p: "F\n°v k®n-\m-Im≥ Ign-bn√, AXp-sIm≠v C¥y≥ {][m-\-a-{¥n-bm-bm¬ aXn'. CsX√mw k®n≥ alm-\mWv F∂-Xn\v temIw \¬Ip∂ AwKo-Im-ca - m-Wv. C¥y≥ {][m-\a - {¥n a≥tam-l≥knMv Hcn°¬ ]d-bp-I-bp-≠mbn: "C¥y≥ {]kn-Ut‚m {][m-\-a{¥ntbm A√ C¥y-bpsS {][m\ temI Aw_m-k-U¿, k®n≥ sS≠p¬°-dmWv bYm¿∞ Aw_m-k-U¿'. k®ns\ {In°‰v ssZh-am-bn-t∏mepw ]ecpw IW-°m-°p-∂p. temIw I≠ anI® {In°-‰¿am-cn¬ Hcm-fmb Hmkvt{S-en-b≥ Hm∏W¿ amXyp-sl-bvU≥ k®n-s\-°p-dn®v ]d-™Xv "C¥y-bn¬ {In°‰v F∂ Hcp aX-ap-s≠-¶n¬ Xo¿®-bmbpw k®n≥ sS≠p¬°¿ AXns‚ ssZh-am-bn-cn-°p-w' F∂m-Wv. ca-Im¥v Abtc-°-dpsS Iogn¬ apws_-bnse imcZm-{iaw kvIqfn¬ \n∂v {In°-‰ns‚ _me-]m-T-߃ ]Tn®v XpS-ßnb k®n≥ {In°-‰ns‚ ]cym-b-ambn amdn-bn-cn-°p-∂p. k®ns\ Ipdn®v IYm-Ir-Ømb apIpμ≥ ]d-™Xv ""k®n≥ Hcp Xe-ap-db - p-sStbm Hcp P\-hn-`m-KØ - n-s‚tbm am{Xw lotdm -A-√. Hcp Ime-L´-Øns‚, Hcp cmPy-Øns‚ Bcm-[-\m-]pcp-j-\m-Wv. Pohn-®n-cn-°p-tºmƒ Xs∂ CXn-lm-k-ambn amdn _m‰nw-Kns\ Hcp shdpw Ifn-bn¬ \n∂v temIsØ ac-hn-∏n®p-\n¿Øp∂ Hcp amPn-°mbn hf¿Øn F∂-XmWv k®n≥ ImWn® A¤p-Xw."_m‰nwKv ]¶m-fn-bm-bn Rm≥ Khm-kvItd-bmWv sXc-s™-Sp-°p-I-sb-¶n¬ Hcp {In°‰v t{]£-I≥ F∂ \ne-bn¬ k®ns‚ Ifn ImWm-\m-bn-cn°pw Rm≥ Imiv apS-°pI' F∂v {In°‰v CXn-lmkw hnhn-b≥ dn®m¿Uvkv ]d-bp-I-bp-≠m-bn. 1988 ¬ lmcnkv jo¬Un\v th≠n Ifn°p-tºmƒ k®n\pw hnt\m-ZvImw-ªnbpw \nd-™m-Sn-b-L´Øn¬ A°m-esØ {]apJ kvt]m¿Svkv teJ-I≥ kpμ¿dmbv k®n-s\-°p-dn®v FgpXn: "Cu Ip´nsb {]tXyIw {i≤n°-Ww, Ch≥ GXm\pw h¿j-߃°p-≈n¬ C¥y≥ Soan\p-th≠n Ifn°pw'. F∂m-¬ AXn\v A[nIw Imew th≠nh-∂n-√. hfsc Ipd™ amk-߃°p≈n¬ Xs∂ B _me≥ C¥y-bpsS Pgvkn AWn-™p. Cu h¿j-Øn¬ Xs∂ shÃn≥Uo-kn-s\-Xn-sc-bp≈ a’-c-Øn¬ Dƒs∏-SpØm≥ ip]m¿j h∂-t∏mƒ 15 hb v am{Xw {]mb-amb kvIqƒ hnZym¿∞nsb C¥y≥ Soan¬ FSp-°m≥ \n¿Δm-lan√ F∂m-bn-cp∂p C¥y≥ {In°‰v t_m¿Uns‚ \ne-]m-Sv. F∂m¬ 1989 ¬ ]mIn-ÿm≥ ]cy-S\ - Ø - n¬ k®ns\ C¥y≥ Soan-te°v sXc-s™-Sp-Øp. CtXmsS C¥y≥ Soante°v ske-£≥ In´p∂ G‰hpw {]mbw-Ip-d™ Xmc-ambn amdn k®n≥. Ac-t߉ a’-c-Øn¬ 39 d¨sk-Sp-°mt\ km[n®p-≈q-sh-¶nepw a‰p≈ Xmc-ß-fpsS A`n-\-μ-\-Øn\v ]m{Xambn k®n≥. 1991 ¬ Hmkvt{S-en-b≥ ]cy-S-\-Øn¬ k®n≥ t\SnbXv c≠v sk©p-dn-Iƒ. CXn¬ BZy sk©p-dn t\Sn-btXmsS Hmkvt{S-en-b≥ aÆn¬ sk©pdn t\Sp∂ G‰hpw {]mbw Ipd™ Xmc-sa∂ _lp-a-Xnbpw k®n≥ Ic-ÿ-am°n. Cu a’-c-Øn\v tijw {]K¤ Hmkvt{S-en-b≥ Xmc-

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amb Sowsse≥ ]d-™Xv: "19 hb- m-bt- ∏m-tg°pw Cu Ip´n Cßs\ Ifn-®m¬ 25 hb- m-Ip-tºmƒ Ch-s\-hn-sS-sb-Øpw. Ch≥ kz¿§-Øn¬ \n∂p h∂-h-\mW,v Ch\v ]eXpw sNøm≥ km[n-°pw'. 1992 ¬ tbm¿°vsj-b-dn\v th≠n IfØn-en-dßn hntZ-i-{In°‰v ¢∫n¬ Ifn-°p∂ BZy Xmcambn amdn k®n≥. 1993 ¬ sImfw-t_m-bn¬ \S∂ c≠mw sSÃn¬ Akvl-dp-±os‚ A`m-h-Øn¬ C¥ysb \bn® k®n≥ G‰hpw {]mbw Ipd™ Iym]v‰≥ F∂ _lp-aXnbpw t\Sn. CtX-h¿j-Øn¬ Xs∂ samlm-en-bn¬ \S∂ Z£n-Wm-{^n-°s - °-Xn-sc-bp≈ a’-cØ - n¬ c≠v hn°‰pw Hcp Hmhdpw _m°n \n¬s° Z£nWm{^n°°v hnP-bn-°m≥ th≠Xv 6 d¨kv am{Xw. C¥y I≠ F°m-es - Øbpw anI® Hmƒdu-≠¿ I]n¬tZhpt]mepw t_mƒ sNøm-\p≈t∏mƒ A∂sØ Iym]v ‰ - \ mb Akv l - d p- ± o≥ ]t¥¬]n- ® Xv k®ns\bm-bn-cp-∂p. B Hmh-dn-eqsS C¥y°v hnPbw t\Sns°m-SpØ k®n≥ _m‰nw-Kn¬ am{X-a√ _ufnw-Knepw Xs‚ Ignhv sXfn-bn-®p. 1995 ¬ k®n≥ hnhm-ln-X-\m-bn. Xt∂-°mƒ 5 hb v IqSp-X-ep≈ tUm.-A-RvP-en-bp-am-bmWv hnhmlw \S-∂Xv. hnhmlw X¬k-abw kwt{]-jWw sNøm≥t]mepw Sn.hn. Nm\-ep-Iƒ Xøm-dm-bn. h≥ XpI-bm-Wv Ah¿ CXn-\pth≠n k®n\v hmKvZm\w sNbvX-Xv. F∂m¬ k®n≥ CXv \nc-kn-°p-Ib - m-Wp-≠m-bX - .v C{Xbpw sNdp-{]m-bØ - n¬ Xs∂ k®n≥ temI-P-\-X-bpsS a\- n¬ CSw-]n-Sn®p F∂-Xn\v sXfn-hm-bn-cp∂p CXv. ]Xn-\m-dm-asØ hb- n¬ C¥y≥ Soan-se-Ønb k®n≥ Ct∏mgpw Soans‚ s\Spw-Xq-Wmbn XpS-cp-I-bm-Wv. {In°-‰n¬ anI® sdt°m¿Up-I-fpsS tXmg-\mb k®ns‚ sSÃv-˛-G-I-Zn\ {In°-‰p-I-fn¬ G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ sk©p-dn, a’-cß - ƒ, am≥- Hm^v Zn kocokv, am≥ Hm^v Zn am®v Cßs\ t]mIp∂p k®ns‚ t\´-߃. GI-Zn\ {In°-‰n¬ Xs∂ A{]m]yw F∂p-tXm-∂nb U_nƒ sk©pdn t]mepw t\Sn Hcp- s]m≥Xq-h¬ IqSn k®n≥ Xs‚ Icn-b-dn¬ Xp∂nt®¿Øp. km£m¬ tUm¨{_m-Uvam≥ t]mepw Xs‚ ]n≥Km-an-bm-bmWv k®ns\ I≠-Xv. a‰p-Nn-e¿ {_mUvams‚ Ign-hp-Iƒ°pw A∏p-d-Øm-bmWv k®n-s\ ImWp-∂-Xv. AP-øa - mb Icn-bd - n¬ \nc-h[n tZiob A¥¿tZ-iob _lp-aX - n-Iƒ k®ns\ tXSn-sb-Øn. kvt]m¿Svkn\v \¬Ip∂ ]c-tam-∂X _lp-a-Xn-bmb cmPohv Km‘n tK¬ cXv\ Ahm¿Uv k®n\v \¬In BZ-cn-®p. {In°-‰n¬ Cu Ahm¿Uv t\Sp∂ GI Xmchpw k®n-\m-bn. C¥y≥ Fb¿t^m-gvkn¬ Iym]v‰≥ ]Z-hnbpw k®ns\ tXSn-sb-Øn. C¥y-bnse anI® Ccp-]Xv ]W-°m-cn¬ Hcm-fmbn k®n≥. {_mUvams‚ temI Ce-h-\n¬ Xs‚ ]¶m-fn-bm-bmWv {_mUvam≥ k®ns\ I≠-X.v XnI™ tZi-kvt\-ln-bmb k®n≥ Xs‚ sl¬sa‰n¬ {Xnh¿Æ-]X - m-Ib - psS Ãn°¿ H´n-®p-sIm-≠mWv Ifn-°p∂-Xv. CXv hnhmZ߃°v Imc-W-am-sb-¶nepw a‰p ]e-Xm-cß-fp-sSbpw ]n¥pW k®n\v e`n-®p. CXn-s\-°p-dn®v k®n≥ ]d-bp-∂Xv "C¥y-°m-c\ - mbn F∂-Xn¬ A`n-am-\n-°p∂ Hcmfm-Wv Rm≥. temI-Øns‚ GXp-tIm-Wn-em-bn-cp-∂mepw C¥y°m-c\ - m-bn-cn-°m\pw C¥y-°m-c\ - m-sW∂v Adn-bs - ∏-Sm-\p-amWv


Rm≥ B{K-ln-°p-∂X - v. C¥ysb Ft∏m-sgms° {]Xn-\n-[oI-cn-°p-∂pthm At∏m-sg√mw C¥y-bpsS {Xnh¿Æ-]-Xm-IbpsS Ãn°¿ s\‰n-bn¬ D≠m-Ipw, Fs‚ A`n-am\ Nn”-amW-Xv'. apwss_ kztZ-in-bmb k®n≥ ]d™p: "Rm≥ Hcp adm-Ø-°m-c≥ F∂-Xn-tesd Hcp C¥y-°m-c≥ F∂-dn-b-s∏Sm-\m-Wm-{K-ln-°p-∂Xv'. Cu {]kvXm-h\ Gsd hnhm-Z-߃ krjvSn-®n-cp-∂p. "Fs¥√mw {]Xn-k-‘nbpw tImem-l-eßfpw D≠m-bn-´pw Ah-bn-sem∂pw Ipep-°-an-√msX ka-NnØX-tbmSpw kuay-X-tbmSpw IqSn s]cp-am-dm≥ km[n-°p∂Xv At±-lØ - n¬ `mcX kwkvIm-cØ - ns‚ thcpIƒ D≠mb-Xp-sIm-≠m-Wv' ap≥ Cw•ojv {In°‰v Iym]v‰≥ ssaIv{_b¿fn A`n-{]m-b-s∏-´p. {In°-‰n¬ F∂-t]mse DZm-ca - \ - k - vIX - b - nepw k®n≥ a‰p≈ Xmc-ßsf _lp-Zqcw ]nd-In-em-°n. Hcn-°¬ amc-Iamb tcmKw _m[n®v InS-°p∂ Hcp Ip´n k®n-s\m∏w Ifn°m≥ tamlw {]I-Sn-∏n-®p. Cu hm¿Ø "emkv‰vhnjv' F∂ kwL-S-\-bn-eqsS k®n≥ Adn-™p. k®n≥ Ip´nsb hnfn-®v Ah-t\m-sSm∏w Ifn-°m-\p≈ Xnø-Xn \n›-bn-®p. temIw

]q¶m-h-\-Øn¬ ]qt¥≥ kZy-bp≠v ]qs®-Sn-Ø-≠n-en-cp-∂q-™m-emSpw ]qºm-t‰, \n\-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! Cud≥ apSn-b-gn-®n´v F≥ ap∂n¬ h∂p \n¬°pw \nio-Yn\o, \n\-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! Cfw sX∂-en≥ Ipfp¿a-tb‰v tcmam-©w-sIm-s≠-gp∂p \n¬°pw ]p¬s°m-Sn-I-tf, \n߃-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! \o¿s∏m-bvI-bn¬ Ipfn®v hnip-≤n-bm¿∂v IÆs‚ IÆp-t]mse \n¬°pw Aw_p-tP, \n\-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! Aw_-c-s\-‰n-bn¬ XneIw Nm¿Øn A¥n-Øn-cn-bmbv hmgpw N{μn-tI, \n\-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! \oe-bm-an-\nsb Ip¶p-a-∏-´p-hn-cn®v kzoI-cn-®n-d-ßn-t∏mIpw kqcy-tX-P-t , \n\-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! a™n¬ Ipfn® {]`m-X-ta, If-I-f-sam-gpIpw Im´m-td, \n߃s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! ap‰sØ ac-s°m-ºn¬ GI-bm-bn-cp∂v B¿t°m th≠n Inep-Inse ]mSpw ]q¶p-bn-te, \n\-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! lm, Cu {]Ir-Xn-s°-s¥mcp `wKn ! F≥ lrZ-b-Øn¬ Xpfpºpw {]W-b-Øn-\pw !

I≠ F°m-e-sØbpw anI® {In°‰v Xmcw _uf-dmbpw acWw ImØp-In-S∂ Ip´n _m‰vka v m-\mbpw \ne-sIm-≠t- ∏mƒ I≠p-\n-∂-h-cpsS IÆp-Iƒ Cud-\-Wn-™p. Ccp-∂q-tdmfw kvIqƒ Ip´n-Iƒ ]Tn-°p∂ apws_-bnse Hcp A\m-Ym-e-bØn\v Ah-cpsS ]T-\-Øn\pw a‰p Bh-iy-߃°p-ap≈ sNehv \S-Øn-s°m-Sp-°p-∂Xv k®n-\m-sW∂v ]pdw-temIw Adn-bp-∂Xv Ggv h¿j-߃°p tij-am-Wv. CXp-t]m-ep≈ kμ¿`-ßf - n¬ am[y-a{- ]-h¿Ø-Is - cbpw Iyma-dam≥-amscbpw hnfn-®p-hc - p-Øp∂ \ΩpsS cmjv{Sob t\Xm-°≥am¿°v k®n≥ Hcp amXr-Ib - m-Wv. c≠v Zi-I-߃ Ign-™n´pw Xs‚ Icn-b-dns\ tXPt msS \ne-\n¿Øp-∂Xv {In°-‰n-t\m-Sp≈ k®ns‚ _lpam-\hpw A¿∏-W-t_m-[-hp-am-Wv. CXp-X-s∂-bmWv k®ns\ a‰p-≈h - c - n¬ \n∂v hyXy-kvX\ - m-°p-∂X - v. t\´-ßf - psS sImSpapSn Ib-dn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p∂ k®n\p-ap-∂n¬ Bcp-an-√. as‰√m-hcpw ]n∂n-emWv. Cu bYm¿∞ "B¨Ip´n' bpsS t\´ßsf FØn-∏n-Sn-°m≥ Ign-bm-Ø{X ]n∂n¬.

Fs¥mcp `wKn ! klve sI. c≠mw h¿j _n.-F. tkmtjym-fPn

137


AJ-fiX {ipXn hn. H∂mw-h¿j _n.tImw.

]e k¶¬]-ßfpw a\- n¬ emfn-®p-sIm-≠mWv Ahƒ F∂pw cm{Xn Dd-ßm≥ InS-°m-dv. \n{Z-th-fbn¬ Ah kz]v\-ß-fmbn Ah-fpsS D]-t_m-[-a-\- n¬ ]p\-c-h-X-cn-°m-dpap≠v. "Rm≥ hcs´' F∂ Ahs‚ bm{Xm-sam-gn-bnemW-hƒ°p {]Xo£. "Rm≥ t]ms´' F∂p ]d-™psIm-≠√ Ah≥ ]ncn-™-Xv. AXn\m¬ Ah≥ hcp-sa∂ Imcy-Øn¬ Ahƒ°p ]q¿Æ-hn-izm-k-am-Wv. kwkm-ca - t≤y Xs‚ Iq´p-Im-cn-It- fmSv CX-hƒ ]e-t∏mgpw A\p-kva-cn-°mdp-≠v. BZy-Øn-sems° Ahs‚ IØv Ahƒ°p- h-cp-am-bn-cp-∂p. AsX√mw Ahƒ kq£n-®p-sh-®n-´p≠v. CS°v Ah-sb-SpØv Bkz-Zn®v hmbn-®v Ah-bn¬ apØ-an´v ho≠pw FSp-Øp-hb - v°pw. F∂m¬ Ct∏mƒ IsØm∂pw hcm-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p. IsØ-gpØv k{º-Zmbw ]msS \ne®p-t]m-bn-cn-°p-∂Xn\m¬ Ahƒ°Xn¬ ]cn-`-h-ta-Xp-an-√. Ah≥ am{Xw B Ime-lc - W - s - ∏´ k{º-Zmbw F¥n\p apdpsI ]nSn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn°-Ww. ]ns∂-bp-≈Xv t^m¨hn-fnbpsS Imcyw. AX-h≥ sdbn-©n-√mØn-SØv IpSp-ßn-t∏m-bX - p-sIm-≠m-bn°qsS? Xs∂ ad-∂X - p-sImt≠m Ah-KW - n-°p-∂X - p-sImt≠m Bhn-√. Cßs\ AXn-\p-a-hƒ \ymbo-I-cWw ImWpw. Imap-I≥am¿ Imcy-w t\Sn

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Imap-In-amsc h©n®p apßn-b-Xns‚ hm¿Ø-Iƒ ]{X-ßf - n¬ AXyp-Xv°WvTt- bmsS Ahfpw hmbn-°m-dp-≠v. ]s£ AsXm∂pw Ahsf Akzÿ-bm-°m-dn-√. ImcWw Ahs‚ a\ m-£n-bn¬ Ahƒ°p ZrV-hn-izm-kap-≠v. Ah≥ If¶c-ln-X-amb A\pcm-K-Øns‚ e£Ww am{Xta Xs‚ apºn¬ ImWn-®n-´p-≈q. B \ne°v Hcp h©\ Ah-\n¬\n-∂p-≠m-Ipsa∂v {]Xo-£n-®p-Iq-Sm. X∂nse cmPy-kvt\-la - mWv Ah\p Xt∂m-SS- p°m\pw B ASp∏w A\p-cm-K-ambn hf-cp-hm\pw tlXp-hm-b-Xv. AX√msX Xs‚ apJ-em-h-Wytam _mly-ku-μ-cytam A√. BI-bm¬ BZ¿im-[n-jvTn-Xa - mWv Xß-fpsS A\p-cm-Kh - m-bv]v. F∂mepw ISpØ h√m-bvatbm-sS-bmWv A∂-hƒ Ahs\ {]Xo-£n-®-Xv. Xnf-ßp∂ Ahs‚ \b-\ß - f - psS t\m´-sam-t∂‰v \n¿hrXn-sIm-≈p-hm≥... Bflm-hns\ lcw sIm≈n-°p∂ B a[p-tcm-‡n-Iƒ tI´v B\-μn-°p-hm≥... "Ah≥ F∂p hcp-sa∂v Icp-Xn-bmWo ImØn-cn-∏v' F∂ ho´p-Im-cp-sSbpw Iq´p-Im-cp-sSbpw B tNmZy-Øns‚ alm-`mcw H∂n-d-°n-sh-°p-hm≥... F∂m-Wn\n Bhp-I-sb∂ hnNmcw Ahsf h√msX Ae-´nb Znh-k-ambn-cp∂p AXv.

Aß-s\-bn-cns° Ah-fpsS ]Sn-°¬ t]mÃp-am≥ h∂v Hcp IØv \o´n. Ahƒ HmSn-s®∂v AXv hmßn Iodn-s∏m-fn®v AXym-Imw-£tbmsS hmbn-®p: "{]nb-s∏´ k‘y-bv°v, amXr-cmPyw Fs‚ tkh\w Bh-iy-s∏-´t- ∏mƒ ]´m-fØ - n¬ tNcmXn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bn-√m-bn-cp-∂p. Hcp ]´m-f° - m-c≥ ZrV-Nn-Ø\ - m-bn-cn-°Ww. Zu¿_-ey-sa-∂Xv Abm-fpsS a\- n\v A\y-am-bn-cn-t°-≠-Xp-≠v. \ns‚ i_vZw Fs∂ Zp¿_-e-\m-°ntb-°mw. AXn-\m-emWv t^m¨ hnfn°m-Ø-Xv. cmPy-amWv F\n°p hepXv. \n\°pw AXp-X-s∂-bm-sW∂v Rm≥ hniz-kn-°p-∂p. Xo{h-hm-Zn-Iƒ Gsd i‡-cmb Hcp Gcn-b-bn-emWv Rm\p-≈-Xv. Ft∏mgpw F¥pw kw`hn°mw. AXn-\m¬ k‘y Fs∂ ImØn-cn-°W - sa-∂n-√. a‰m-sc-sb-¶nepw... £am-]W - t- ØmsS hnt\m-Zv ' ""Fs∂ ImØn-cn-°W - s - a-∂n√. a‰m-sc-sb-¶n-epw..'' F∂p-sh®m¬? Xs∂ hnt\m-Zn\v ths≠-∂psh-°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂mtWm AXn\¿∞w? AtXm X\n-°-hs\ ths≠-∂p-sh-bv°m≥ Ign-bp-sa-∂h≥ Nn¥n-°p-∂p-sht∂m? amXr-cmPy-tØm-Sp≈ kvt\l-Øns‚ ZrV]m-i-Øm¬ _‘n-X-cmb X\n°pw Ah-\p-an-S-bn¬ Hc-I¬® Akm-[yw. Cu GIm¥X `oIcw Xs∂. ho´pIm-cp-sSbpw Iq´p-Im-cp-sSbpw tNmZyw aq¿®-tb-dn-bXpw a\- ns\ t`Zn-°p∂Xpw Xs∂. F√mw icn. ]s£ amXr-cm-Py-Øns‚ kpc-£b - v°mbn Imh¬\n¬°p∂ hnt\m-Zns\ acWw-hsc ImØn-cn-°m-\p≈ £abpw ssÿcyhpw Cu k‘y-bv°p-s≠-∂hs\ Adn-bn-°-Ww. Ahƒ t]\bpw IS-em-kp-sa-SpØv Cßs\ Ipdn-®p: {]nb-s∏´ hnt\m-Zn\v, cmPy-Øns‚ AJ-fiX - b - v°pth≠n \o AhnsS \n∂p t]mcmSpI. \ΩpsS AJ-fi-Xbv°p th≠n Rm≥ ChnsS \n∂pw t]mcmSn-s°m-≈mw. £am`ym¿∞-\t- bmsS kz¥w k‘y.


aSn Im´p∂ ag

tZhn{io hn.-]n. c≠mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv

hm\n≥ hnip-≤n-bn¬ \n∂n-dß - o-Sp∂ hm¿a-gØp≈nIƒ˛ s°¥p ]‰n ?

amen\yw Xnßp∂ ]pg-bnepw tXm´nepw hm\n≥ ]hn-{X˛ sbØo-Sptam ?

sh≈n t]mep≈ \nd-an-√-bn-∂-h˛ °nsß-ØnSp-tºmƒ Ipfn¿a-bn-√.

aÆn¬ Ie¿∂ hnj-Øn-te-s°-ßs\ hnÆ-Xn≥ \o¿°Ww hogvØn-Sm\m ?

cP-X-a-Wn-Iƒ X≥ hc-hn\pw ]≠sØ \nP-an-√-sbm´pw hyh-ÿ-bn-√.

C‰n-‰p-ho-gp∂˛ bn∂sØ amcn°v IÆo-cn≥ \ndhpw ck-hp-a-s{X.

aSn-bmWp `qan-bn¬ hcp-hm-\-h-bv°n∂p kpJ-taIn a\p-Psc kp]vX-cm-°m≥.

ag s]øp-t∂-csØ \nd am‰-a-Xp-sIm-≠m˛ WXp Xs∂ ck-am-‰˛ Imc-W-hpw.

139


ImØn-cn∏v kuaymk-Xo-iv sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

""cm{Xn Dd-ßn-bnt√?'' Xe-aqSnb ]pX∏v FSp-Øp-am-‰n-s°m≠v tlmwt\gvkv tNmZn-®p. IÆp-Xp-d∂v Ah-fpsS apJ-tØ°p t\m°n-bt∏mƒ B Ccp-]-Øn-sbm-∂p-Im-cnbpsS Zb-\ob `mh-amWv ZrjvSn-bn¬ i‡-ambn ]Xn-™-Xv. A·n-km£n Bbn-√-t]mepw. IpSpw-_-Øn-\pth≠n the sNbvXv IjvS-s∏-Sp-I-bmW-hƒ. Ahƒ t]mbm¬ IpSpw-_Øn\v Xmßp-≠m-hn-√-s{X. AXp-sIm≠mWv hnhm-lØ - n\p Iq´m-°m-ØX - v. ""Ft¥ angn®p t\m°p∂p? t\cw Bdp-aWn Ign-™p. ]√p-tX∏v, Ipfn, `£-Ww, acp∂v F√mw Ign-bt≠? Cßs\ InS-∂m¬ aXntbm?'' Ah-fpsS sIm©n-°p-g™p≈ h¿Ø-am-\hpw Nncnbpw aXn F√m hnc-k-X-Ifpw Zp:Jßfpw ]ºI-S° - m≥. ""Zn\-Nc - y-sb√mw Ign-™n´v Hcp khm-cn-°n-d-ßmw. hml\w sdUn-bm-Wv. ]´-WØ - n¬ IqSnsbms° H∂p Np‰n-°-dßn Xncn-®ph-∂m¬ a\- nse B[nIƒs°ms° ia-\w In´pw. thKw Fgp-t∂¬°n≥...'' Ahƒ ssI]n-Sns®-gp-t∂¬∏n-°p-tºmƒ Pohn-®n-cn°p∂ aI-s\bpw aI-sfbpw Hm¿Ω h∂p. c≠m-sfbpw Fß-s\- t\m°n hf¿Øn-bX - m-bn-cp-∂p. A—≥ t\csØ ac-Ws - ∏-´p-t]m-bX - n-\m¬ ]ns∂ A—s‚ ÿm\w IqSn Gs‰Sp-Øp-sIm-≠mWv Cu AΩ c≠p-t]scbpw hf¿Øn ]Tn-∏n®v D∂-X-\n-ebn-se-Øn-®X - v. F∂n´v C∂n-t∏mƒ Ah-sc-s∂... ""AΩ Ic-bp-∂-sX-¥n-\m... Ipfn-sb√mw Ign™v `£Ww Ign®n´v \ap°v ]pd-tØ-°p-t]mbn ]´Ww Np‰n-°m-W-Ww. At∏mƒ a\-

130

140

 n\v \√ kpJw In´pw sIt´m''. Ahƒ ho≠pw s]m´n-®n-cn-®p. B Nncn-bn¬ Bflm¿∞-Xb - p-≠m-bn-cn°ptam? Xm≥ sNøp∂ tPmen `wKnbmbn \n¿Δ-ln-°p-∂-Xns‚ `mKsat∂mWw Ahƒ Ir{Xn-aa - mbn krjvSn-s®-Sp-ØX - m-bn-cn-°ns√ B Nncn? As√-¶n-se-¥n\v Rm≥ Bflm¿∞-Xs - b-°p-dn-s®ms° Btem-Nn-®p-t]m-Ip-∂p? CtX-XmWp temIw? ambw Ie-cm-Ø-sX-¥p-≠nhnsS? `£-W-Øn¬, acp-∂n¬, kvt\l-Øn¬, hnizm-k-Øn¬, aXØn¬, cmjv{So-bØ - n¬, Ifn-bn¬, I≈n¬, {]m¿∞-\b - n¬t]mepw kzm¿∞X IecmØ-Xpt≠m? Aan-X-amb hb-dp-th-Z\ kln°m-\m-hmsX Bip-]{- Xn-bn¬ t]mb-Xm-sWm-cn-°¬. s]s´-∂p≈ k¿Pdn. X¬°mew Bizmkw In´n. ]n∂oSv tZl-amsI \ocp-h∂p ho¿Øp. as‰m-cm-ip-]-{Xn-bn-te-°mW∂p t]mb-Xv. ]cn-tim-[-\-bn¬ sXfn™p Hcp InUv\n \jvS-s∏-´n-cn°p-∂p-sh-∂v. BZysØ Bip-]-{Xn°m¿ hfsc Ipd™ sNe-hn-emWv NnIn-’-sb√mw \¬In-b-Xv. Ah-sc∏‰n henb aXn-∏mWp tXm∂n-bn-cp∂-Xv. ]cn-k-csØ ]e tcmKnIsfbpw Atßm´v NnIn-’° - p-t]mIm≥ t{]cn-∏n-°p-I-t]mepw sNbvXp. ]ns∂ sXfn-™tXm, Fs‚ InUv\n Ah¿ Hm∏-td-j-\n-S-bn¬ Is´-Sp-Øncp-∂p-sh-∂v. C∂n-t∏mƒ F\n°p \¬Im-dp≈ c‡w Bsc NXn-®-XmWm-thm. "C\n Xe-tXm¿Øn tase√mw XpS®p Xc-s´, t\sc \nt∂mfq, hsø-¶n¬ Nmcn-bn-cp-t∂m-fq. Cs∂¥m h√m-sØmcp £oWw?'

"H∂p-an√... Hmtcm∂v BtemNn-®p-t]mbn. Fs‚ Du∂p-hSn FhnsS tamtf?' "Du∂p-hS- n-sbm∂pw th≠. Rm≥ ]nSn®p s_-Õn-¬ sIm≠p-t]mbm-°n-Ø-cn-t√. a\p-jys‚ klm-ban-√m-Øn-SØ - p-t]msc Du∂p-hS- n-bpsS klmbw?' t\gvkv ]Xps° ]nSn®v s_Õn¬ sIm≠p-t]m-bm-°p-tºmƒ t\csØ Btem-Nn-®-Xns‚ XpS¿® a\- ns‚ IhmSw X≈n-Øp-d∂v AI-tØ°v AXn-{I-an®p Ib-dp-I-bmbn-cp-∂p. C∂se cm{Xn apgp-h≥ Dd°w hcmsX Btem-N-\-I-fpsS ae-sh-≈-{]-hm-l-am-bn-cp-∂p a\- nte°v Hgp-In-sb-Øn-bn-cp-∂-Xv. F√mw sI´ Hm¿Ω-Iƒ. Nncn-∏n°p∂ Hm¿Ω-Iƒt]mepw Ic-bn-∏n°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. F¥p-Xs - ∂-bmbmepw CS-bvs°ms° Ah¿s°m∂p ImWm-s\-¶nepw h∂p-IqsS? ]Ww t]mepw aWn-tbm¿U-dmtbm _m¶v aptJ-s\tbmbmWv Ab-°p-∂X - v. ChnsS h∂m¬ Fs∂ ImtW-≠n-hcns√? Cu hr≤ Ah¿s°m-c-]-am-\am-bn-cn-°pw. AXp-sIm-≠m -h-cm-ØXv. ba-tZ-hm... Rms\s‚ a°-fpsS hchv ImØp-ImØp aSp-Øn-cn-°p∂p. C\n Rm≥ ImØn-cn-°p-∂Xv Atßbv°p th≠n-bm-Wv. inin-cI - meØv hS-hr-£-߃ Ce-sIm-gn™v \·-ambn ]pXp-\m-ºns\ hcth¬°m≥ ImØp-\n¬°p-∂X - p-t]mse. Aßsb kvt\ln-°p∂ Cu hr≤sb H∂p thKw Is≠-Øp-I. Aßsb `b-°p∂ bph-Xo-bp-hm°sf F{X-bm-Wßv ]pW-cp-∂X - v. thKw hcq... CXm Rm≥ ImØn-cn°p-∂p. Asß-¥mWv hcm-ØXv?


B¬^n AK-kv‰n≥ c≠mw h¿j _n.-tImw.

A\p-Krlo-Xa - o- P-∑w F{X tae-\p-{Kl˛ amsWmco P∑-sa-∂˛ sX{Xtbm ]c-am¿∞˛ sa∂-dn-™o-Sp∂p Rm≥. Nmcp-X-bm¿∂p \n¬°pw NmcsØ ImgvNI - fn¬ tNtemsS Pzen-°p∂p Pohn-X-s∏m-cp-fp-Iƒ. tatem´p t\m°o-Sp-In¬ taem-∏m-bm-Im-ihpw Iogvt∏m´p t\m°o-Sp-In¬ Im´m-dn≥ {]hm-lhpw \n¿a-em-w_-c-Øns‚ \oen-a-bn¬ ]c°pw \n¿\n{Zw Xmcm-KWw \n¿hrXn{]Zm-bIw. \ndsb ]q°ƒ hncn˛ ™p’mlw ]I¿∂nSpw Xqa-μl - m-kt- ØmsS Xqa- Xqhpw tXm´-߃. Ahn-sS-bn-cn-°ptºm˛ tgmSn-sb-ØnSpw sX∂¬ sNhn-bn¬ a{¥n-®nSpw IhnX ]I¿∂oSpw. s]m≥ Nnd-I-Sn-®ßp s]mßp∂ ]£n-°q´w

k√m-]t- em-ec - m-bn˛ ´p√mkw ]I-cp-∂p. Fßp\mw t\m°p-In-ep˛ asß√mw {]Xo-£-Iƒ sam´n´p \n¬°p-s∂mcp a´n-embv Im¨aq temIw. ]I-tem≥ ]Wn sNøm≥ ]Iep X∂oSp-tºmƒ Cc-hn≥ Nnd-In¬ \m˛ ancp-fn¬ \n{Z-sImƒhq. Zp:Jß-fp-≠mbv hcmw Nne-t∏mƒ Nne¿s°-∂m¬ imizX Zp:JnX-cm˛ bn√m-cp-a-h-\n-bn¬. kt¥m-jk - ¥ - m-]ß - ƒ kΩn-{i-am-°n-bt√m PohnXKXn{Iaw Xo¿ØXp PK-Zo-i≥ - . BI-bn¬ t\m°n-bmeo Pohn-X-a-\p-{K-l˛ amsW∂p ]d-bmt\ \ymb-߃ e`n-®n-Sq. Hcn-°¬ e`n-®m¬ ]n˛ s∂mcn-°¬ - IqSn-bXp e`n-°m≥ sImXn-bm-Ip˛ a{X-ta¬ at\m-l-cw.

141


Kpcp-Z£ - nW A¿jZv sI. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

B[p-\n-I-X-bpsS a´pw amXn-cnbp-an-√msX XnI®pw Akm-[m-c-Wsa∂p hnti-jn-∏n-°m-hp∂ Hcp PohnX-Øn-\p-Sa - b - mbn F≥.-kn.-Fk - .v S- n. bn¬ tkh\w \n¿Δ-ln-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ Rß-fpsS {]nb Kpcp lwk kmdns\ Hcp anÃnIv F∂p hnfn-°p-∂-Xn\v At±-l-Øns‚ hnk-ΩXw am{X-aWo Ipdn-∏p-Im-cs‚ apºn-ep≈ GI XS w. Hcp anÃn-°ns‚ G‰hpw henb KpWhpw al-Xz-h-XvI-c-W-Øn-s‚bpw {]i-kvXn-bp-sSbpw t\sc-bp≈ Cu A\m-`n-apJyw Xs∂-bm-Wt- √m. Xpd-∂p]- d - ™ m¬, Cu Ipdn- ∏ p- t ]mepw kmdns‚ hnk- Ω - X hpw FXn¿∏pw Ahn-sS-bn-cn-°s - ´-sb∂p sh®p-sIm-≠mWn-hnsS sImSp-°p-∂X - v. BUw-_-c-Øn-s‚bpw s]mß®-Øn-s‚bpw temIØv A\m-Uw-_-cØn-s‚bpw hn\-b-Øn-s‚bpw kXyØn-s‚bpw PohnXw bmYm¿∞y-am°nb lwk- km¿ ]fin-X≥, A[ym]-I≥, Nn¥-I≥, {]kw-KI≥, FgpØp-Im-c≥, hnh¿Ø-I≥ XpS-ßnb \ne-If - n-se√mw tim`n-°p-tºmgpw At±l-Øns‚ Hu]-Nm-cnI hnZym-`ym-ksØ-°p-dn-®t- \z-jn-®d - n-bp-tºmƒ Bcpw hnkva-b-s∏-´p-t]m-Ipw. shdpw \memw

132

142

Xcw. ae-bm-f-Øn\p ]pdsa Cw•o-jv, Ad-_n, Ddp-Zp, lnμn, t]¿jy≥ XpSßnb `mj-Iƒ kmdn\v Ic-Xe - m-ae - Iw t]mse-bm-Wv. CsX√mw Cu \ne-bn¬ Fßs\ ]Tn-s®-Sp-Øp-sh∂p tNmZn®m¬ kz{]-bXv\wsIm≠v F∂m-bncn°pw Cu {]Xn-`m-im-en-bpsS adp-]Sn. tIc-fØ - ns‚ BZy-Nc - n-{X-tc-Jb - mb "Xplv^-Øp¬ apPm-ln-Zo≥' F∂ Ad_n {KŸ-Øn\v km¿ cNn® aebmf `mjm-¥cw tIc-fob A\p-hm-NI¿°mbn ka¿∏n- ® p- s Im≠v ap≥ Imen-°‰v k¿Δ-I-em-ime sshkv Nm≥kv e ¿ {ioam≥ sI.- s I.F≥. Ipdps∏- g p- X nb hcn- I ƒ ImWpI: ""tIc-f-Ønse Ad_n ]fin-X¿°n-Sbn¬ Adn-b-s∏-Sp∂ Hcp hy‡n-XzamWv {in.-kn.-lwk amÿ. Hu]-NmcnI hnZym-`ym-k-Øns‚ Db¿∂ ]SnIƒ At±-lØ - n\p Nhn-´n-°b - d - p-hm≥ Ign-™n-´n-s√-¶nepw kz{]-bX - \ v Ø - m¬ Ad-_n, t]¿jy≥, D¿Zp, Cw•o-jv, lnμn, ae-bmfw XpS-ßnb _lp-`m-jI-fn¬ Bh-iy-amb ]mfinXyw t\Sphm≥ At±-l-Øn\p Ign-™p. HmPkp‰ ae-bmf ssien-bn¬ Cu {KŸw At±-lØ - n\v Ah-Xc - n-∏n-°p-hm≥ Ign™p-sh-∂Xv At±-l-Øns‚ ]mfin

Xyw hy‡-am-°p∂p''. ta¬]- d ™ `mj- I - f n¬ \n∂mbn At\Iw Aaq-ey-{K-Ÿ-߃ km¿ ae- b m- f - Ø n¬ hnh¿Ø\w sNbvXp {]kn-≤-s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≠v. hninjym t]¿jy≥ `mj-bn¬ \n∂v. 1979 ¬ Cdm-\n¬ hnP-bn® P\-Iob hnπ- h - s Ø- Xp- S ¿∂v B cmjv { StØmSpw Ahn-SsØ P\-ß-tfmSpw tXm∂nb ASp∏w tImgn-t°m´v Xmakn®p hnhn[ ÿm]- \ - ß - f n- e mbn ]T\w \S-Øn-s°m-≠n-cp∂ Cdm-\n-b≥ ÃpU‚ vkp-ambn ]cn-N-b-s∏-Sp-∂-Xnte°pw XpS¿∂v U¬ln-bn-sebpw t_mws_- b n- s ebpw Cdm- \ n- b ≥ kmwkv I m- c nI tI{μ- ß fpw Fºknbpw kμ¿in-°p-∂X - n-te°pw AXv ]e skan-\m-dp-I-fnepw kw_-‘n®v hnj-bß - f - h - X - cn-∏n-°m≥ £Wn-°s - ∏Sp-∂X - n-te°pw \bn-®p. Aß-s\-bmWv km¿ Cdm- \ n- b ≥ hnπ- h - Ø ns‚ A©mw hm¿jnI NS-ßp-I-fn-te°v £Wn-°-s∏-Sp-∂Xpw hnπ-hm-Nm-cy≥ Bb-Øp≈m Jpssa-\n-bp-ambn ImWp∂Xpw Cdm- \ n- b ≥ ]m¿e- s a‚ n¬ kwkm-cn-°p-∂-Xp-sa-√mw. B _‘w C∂pw km¿ \ne-\n¿Øn-t∏m-cp-∂p. t]¿jy≥ `mj-bn¬ Iºw tXm∂n-b-


Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ Cu Cdm-\n-b≥ ASp∏-am-Wv t{]c-I-ambn h¿Øn-®-Xv. kmdns‚ Pohn- X - Ø nse emfnXyw {]kw-KØ - nepw ImWm-hp-∂Xm-Wv. F{X Kl-\-amb ^ntem-k^nbpw Hcp X\n Gd-\m-S≥ am∏n-fbpsS `mj-bnepw X\n°p kzX-:kn≤-amb ssien-bnepw km¿ Ah-X-cn∏n-°p-tºmƒ F{X henb _p≤n-Pohn-I-fpƒs°m-≈p∂ kZ pw AXv kmIqXw {i≤n®v Xe-Ip-ep-°p-∂Xpw Iø-Sn-°p-∂Xpw ImWmw. aps∂m-cp-°tØm-Sp-Iq-Sn-b√ ap∂n-en-cn-°p-∂h - c - psS apJw t\m°nbpw \ne-hmcw IW-°nse- S pØpw A∏- t ∏mƒ a\-   n- e p- Z n°p∂ t]mbn‚p-Isf ASn-ÿm-\a - m-°nbm-bn-cn-°Ww {]kw-Kn-°p-∂s - X-∂mWv kmdns‚ A`n-{]m-bw. \s√mcp Ihnbpw Imhym-kzmZ-I-\p-amb lwk kmdns‚ t]mb{Sn ¢mkp-Iƒ AXp-sIm-≠p-X-s∂ Gsd {it≤-b-am-Im-dp-≠v. tImgvkv Xo¿∂v Ip´n-Iƒ hnS tNmZn-°p-tºmƒ Hmt´m{Km-^p-ambn kao-]n-®m¬ Hmtcm-cpØ¿°pw Ah-ch - c - psS {]Ir-XØ - n\pw kz`m-h-Øn\pw Ah-ÿ°pw tbmPn°p∂ hn[-Øn-ep≈ hcn-Iƒ km¿ X¬£Ww Ipdn-®p-sIm-Sp-°p-∂X - p-ImWmw. "A√-^¬ Aen^v' F∂ Ad_n-bn-ep≈ \_nIo¿Ø\Imhy-Øn\v kmdv ap∂q-dn-tesd ]pdw hcp∂ Hcmkzm-Z\ - s - a-gp-Xn-bn-´p-≠.v Ad-_n-bn-ep≈ Hmtcm hcnbpw ae-bmf]Zy-ß-fmbn X¿Pa sNbv X v Bkz- Z n- ® n- c n- ° p- I bmWo ]pkv X - I - Ø n¬. kmdns‚ Imhy- { ]Xn- ` - b psS H∂m- ¥ - c - s amcp krjvSn-bmWv "A√-^¬ A - e - n^v'. Nߺpg IrjvW-∏n-≈-bpsS Ht´sd IhnX-Iƒ kmdn\v lrZn-ÿ-am-Wv. 1956 sabv 15 \v ]me-°mSv Pn√bnse aÆm¿°mSv Xmeq-°n¬ I¿°nSmw-Ip-∂nse Hcp Zcn{Z IpSpw-_-Ønem-bn-cp∂p kmdns‚ P\-\w. IpSpw-_km-l-N-cy-amWv hnZym-`ymkw \memwX-c-Øn-sem-Xp-°m≥ Imc-Ww. ]s£ AS-ßmØ hn⁄m-\-Zmlw a\- n¬ sIm≠p-\-S∂ At±lw kz]v\-Xpeyamb Adn-hns‚ hmXm-b-\-߃ Xm≠n-bXv hfsc s]s´-∂m-bn-cp-∂n-√. XymK-Øn-s‚bpw ITn-\m-≤zm-\-Øns‚bpw I\-ep-Iƒ ]mInb Hcp-]mSv DuSp-h-gn-Iƒ AXns‚ ]n∂n¬ Z¿in-

°m-\m-hpw. ISpØ Zmcn-{Zy-Øn-s‚bpw ]´n-Wn-bp-sSbpw Ib-Øn¬ \n∂v IctI-dm\pw tcmKn-bmb ]nXm-hns\ ip{iqjn-°m\pw hnhn[ \mSp-Ifn¬ Ae™p-Xn-cn-tb-≠-Xmbpw hnhn[ tPmenIƒ sNtø- ≠ - X mbpw h∂n- ´ p- ≠ v . _mwKvfq-cp-hn¬ XpWn-°S- b - n¬ skbn ¬kvam-\mbn tPmen sNbvXp-sIm-≠ncns° ]nXm-hn\v acp-∂p-hm-ßm≥ Ab®p-sIm-SpØ AºXv cq]°v adp-]-Snbmbn In´n-bXv ]nXm-hns‚ ac-W-hnhcw Adn-bn-®p-sIm-≠p≈ t]mÃvIm¿ Um-bn-cp-∂p. Pohn-X-Øns‚ ssI∏pw ]pfnbpw Hcp-]mSv A\p-`-hn-®-t∏mgpw AXn-eq-sS-sb√mw am[p-cy-Øns‚ adphiw Is≠-Øm≥ {ian-°p-I-bm-bncp∂p km¿. ]n∂oSv a{Z-km-[ym-]-I-\mbn; Ad-_nIv tImtfPv eIvNd - d - mbn; ]≈nbn-b¬ JØo_pw Jmkn-bp-ambn; Hcp {]kn-≤o-Ic - Wme-bØn¬ FUn-‰d- mbn; Imen- ° ‰v bqWn- t h- g vkn- ‰ n- b n¬ t_m¿Uv Hm^v ÃUokv C≥ t]¿jy≥ saº-dm-bn. ]s£ Xm≥ F¥m-bmepw Hsc-fnb ssZh-Zm-k≥ F∂-Xn¬ Ihn-s™m-∂p-a-s√∂ a´nemWv \S∏pw Ccn∏pw kwkm-chpw thj-hn-[m-\hpw CS-s]-S-ep-sa-√mw. Fhn-sS-bm-bmepw Hcp Pn⁄m-k-phmbn Adn-hns‚ taJ-eI - ƒ Hmtcm-∂msb-Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-∂X - n-\m-bn-cn°pw {iaw. a{Z- -bn¬ ]Tn-∏n-®n-cp∂ ImeØv Ip´n-If - psS ]°¬\n∂p kvIqƒ ]mT]p-kvXI - ß - ƒ hmßnbpw Ah-tcm-sSm∏-an-cp-∂p-amWv Cw•ojv `mj ]Tn-®pXp-Sß - n-bX - v. Hcp Cw•ojv ]mT ]pkvXI- Ø nse BZy- ] mTw apgp- h - \ mbn ImWmsX ]Tn-®Xpw AtX- ]m-T-ap-]tbm-Kn®v kz¥-amb coXn-bn¬ {Kma¿ ]Tn-®-Xp-sa√mw km¿ A\p-kva-cn-°mdp≠v. ]c-∂- hm-b\ Xs∂ kmdn\v Adn-hm¿÷n-°p-∂X - n\v ASn-ÿm-\a - mb-Xv. Adn-hn\p th≠n-bp≈ hnim-eamb Bcm-b-en-\n-S-bn¬ Hcp PohnX kJnsb Bcm-™p-I-s≠-Øm≥ ad∂p-t]m-sb-∂p-tXm-∂p-∂p. Hcn-°¬ ¢mkn¬sh®v Ip´n- I ƒ km¿ I√ymWw Ign-°m-Xn-cp-∂-sX-s¥∂p tNmZn-®X - n\v kmdns‚ adp-]Sn: ""Int´ysXm∂pw ]t‰y-Xp-an-√, ]t‰y-sXm∂pw Int´y-Xp-an√''. Aßs\ B tNmZyØns‚ DØcw ]ns∂mcp tNmZy-Øn-

\-h-k-c-an-√m-Xm-°n. C°-gn™ 2010 sabv amk-ØnemWv kmdn\v U¬ln-bn¬ sh®v Hcp Ahm¿Uv In´n-b-Xv. Cdm≥ Fº-knbmWv Ahm¿Uv \¬In-bX - .v Ahm¿Uv XpI \m¬]-Xn-\m-bncw C¥y≥ cq]. Cdm-\nse kp{]-kn≤ ]fin-X-\m-bncp∂ ap¿Økm apXzl-cn-bpsS IrXnIƒ t]¿jy≥ `mj-bn¬ \n∂v ae-bmf-Øn-te°v samgn-am‰n {]kn-≤-s∏-SpØn-b-Xn-\m-bn-cp∂p Ahm¿Uv. Ahm ¿Uv kzoI-cn-®p-sIm≠p sNbvX {]kwK-Øn¬ km¿ ]d™p: "Cu Ahm¿Uv XpI Rm≥ kz¥w Bh-iy-Øn-s\-Sp°n-√. ap¿Økm apXz-l-cn-bpsS _m °n ]pkvX-I-߃ ae-bm-f-Øn-te°v hcp-Øp-∂-Xn-\p-]-tbm-Kn-°p-I-bm-bn-cn°pw'. kZ-ky¿ B {]Jym-]\w IøSn®p kzoI-cn-®p-h-s{X. Ct∏mƒ km¿ {]kvXpX {KŸ-Im-cs‚ Hcp ]pkvXIw X¿Pa sNbvXv {] n¬ sImSp-Øp-Ign-™p. C°m-eØv CsXm-c-¤pXw Xs∂. ]s£, AXnepw henb A¤p-X-as√ Cu Ahm¿Uv In´nb hm¿Ø km¿ am[y- a - ß - f n¬ \ns∂√mw aqSn-sh-®p-sh-∂Xv? U¬lnbn¬ \n∂p≈ "an√n Kk‰v' F∂ Cw•ojv {]kn-≤o-I-c-W-Øn¬ Cu Ahm¿Uv hm¿Ø hmbn-®h - ¿ am{Xta AX-dn-™p-≈q. Adn-hn\v C{X kpμc-amb Hcp apJ-ap-s≠∂v sXfn-bp-Ib - mbn-cp∂p AXp-h-gn. hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°n-Sb - n¬ hfsc Ffn-a-tbmSpw hn\-b-tØmSpw IqSntb km¿ s]cp-am-dp-I-bp-≈q. Ah-cpsS F¥m-h-iy-Øn\pw Ft∏mgpw H∏-ap≠m-Ipw. ¢mkv apS-°p-Itbm eosh-Sp°p-Itbm sNbvX Ncn-{Xta tI´n-´n-√. CubnsS en_n-b-bn¬ Hc-¥m-cmjv{S skan-\m-dn¬ kw_-‘n-°m≥ £Wn°-s∏-´n-cp-∂p. ]s£ ""ss^\¬ Cb¿ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°v Ah-km-\ \ - m-fp-If - s√, Rm≥ ¢mkv apS°n hcp-∂n√'' F∂p ]d™v B {^obm{X km¿ Hgnhm-°n. Xs‚ hnZym¿∞n-Isf Hm¿Øv F{X emL-h-tØm-sS-bmWv A]q¿Δambn In´nb B kuP\y hntZ-ib - m{X Hgn-hm-°n-bX - v. ]mTy-hn-jb - ß - f - n-se-∂t]mse ]mtTy-Xc hnj-b-ß-fnepw km¿ Ip´n-Iƒs°m∏w kPo-h-am-bn-cn°pw. tImtfPv amK-kns‚ FUn-‰-dm-

143


hp- I - s b- ∂ Xv kmdp- ≈ - X p- s Im≠v B¿°pw A\m-bm-ka - m-bm-W\ - p-`h - s - ∏Sp-I. C{X-sbm-∂p-a-√, ]ªnIv ]co£ Bk- ∂ - a m- I p- t ºmƒ km¿ kz¥w sNe-hn¬ apdn-sb-Sp-Øp-sIm-SpØpw a‰p kuI-cy-ßt- f¿s∏-Sp-Ønbpw Ip´nIsf ]co-£°v Xøm-dm-°pw. A[ym]\w hgn- In-´p-∂Xv At±lw FÆnt\m-°p-I-t]m-ep-an-√. In´p-∂-Xn-semcp hen-b- ]¶v Xs‚ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°pth≠n sNe-hg- n-°pw. Cß-s\-sbm-s°bm-sW-¶nepw ]T-\-Øn¬ hogvN-h-cpØp-∂X - n-t\mSpw ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ A®S-°-]q¿Æ-amb t]m°n\v `wKw hcpØp-∂X - n-t\mSpw kmdn-t\mfw Aa¿jw a‰m¿°p-ap-≠m-hn-s√-∂mWv tXm∂p-I.

Nne-t∏mƒ i‡-ambn s]m´n-sØ-dn-°pIbpw sNøpw. ]s£ GXv s]m´n-sØdn-bp-sSbpw ]cnkam]vXn Hcp Nncn-bntem kvt\l-hm-°ntem Bbn-cn-°pw. Ip´n-Itfm-Sp≈ kvt\l-tØmfw Xs∂-bmWv kmdn\v klm-[ym-]-I-tcm-Sp≈ _lp-am\hpw. aXn-t∏mSpw BZ-ct- hmSpw IqSntb BtcmSpw s]cp-am-dp-I-bp-≈q. GXv sNdn- b - h ¿°pw hen- b h¿°pw Dƒs°m- ≈ m≥ Ign- b p∂ {]IrXw, henb hy‡n-Xz-Øns‚ DS-a, \m´p-Im¿s°√mw CjvSs - ∏-Sp∂ kz`m-hw, F√m-h¿°pw cpNn-°p∂ kwkm-c-ssien, Hcn-°¬ ]cn-N-b-s∏-´m¬ ho≠pw _‘-s∏-Sm-\m-{K-ln-°p∂ kwkm-cw, kμ¿iI¿°v a\- n\v Ipfn¿Ω-tb-Ip∂

A\p`-hw. D]-a-Iƒ°pw Xmc-X-ay߃°pw A∏pdw Isø-Øm-Zq-cØv A\-¥-hn-lm-b- n¬ hncm-Pn-°p∂p Cu {]Xn-`. Cu alm-a-\o-jn-bpsS injy Xzw kzoI-cn-°m≥ Ign™ F≥.-kn.F-kv.-Sn. hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ F{X `mKyhm≥am¿! ]s£, Cu hn⁄m-\-kmKcw ssIsbØpw Zqc-Øp-≠m-bn´pw AXv th≠{X NqjWw sNø-s∏-Sp∂pthm? Cu \nd-™p-I-Øp∂ Zo]w Hcn-°epw AW-bm-Xn-cn-°s´ F∂v PK∂n-b¥ - m-hn-t\mSv R߃ {]m¿∞n-°s´...

A - b - mƒ bm{X-bm-hp-Ib - mWv k_v\ ]n. Abmƒ bm{X-bm-hp-Ib - mWv... Ftßm-s´-∂n-√mØ bm{X... A\o-Xn-bpsS A·n-bn¬ \oXn s]m≈-te-‰p hogp∂p, kXy-Øn\p t]md-te¬°p-∂p. AXp I≠p-\n¬°m≥ Abmƒ°p {XmWnbn√s{X Abmƒ \n -lm-b\ - m-hp-Ib - m-Ws - {X. ]nXr-Xz-Øn-\p apºn¬ Nmcn-{XyØn\p tIgp∂ a°-fpsS Zo\-tcmZ\w tIƒ°m≥ C\n høs{X. inip-tZ-l-ß-fnepw Ima-°-sÆ-dn-bp∂ Im]m-en-I-cpsS IdpØ temI-Øv Abmƒ°n\n XpS-cm-\m-hn-√-s{X. hnth-N-\-Øns‚ hnj-hnØv hnXdn hnf-sh-Sp-°p-∂-h-cpsS `qan-bn¬ Abmƒ°n\n \n¬°m≥ km[n-°n-√-s{X. A\o-Xn-bpsS Xa- n¬ Zo]vXn°p th≠n X∏p-∂-hs‚ HSp-°sØ icWw bm{X-bmWv. AsX, Abmƒ bm{X-bm-hp-I-bm-Wv, BtcmSpw bm{X ]d-bm-\n-√m-sX.

134

144

ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv


PohnXw apl-ΩZv apkvX^ ]n.-sI. H∂mw h¿j _n.-tImw.

amXm-hns‚ K¿`-]m{Xw hn´v `qPm-X\ - mb Fs∂ IuXp-It- ØmsS t\m°n hb-‰m´n ]d™p : "B¨ sIm®mWv' Rm\-t∏mƒ Ic-bp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. BWmbn P\n-®-Xn¬ A`n-am-\n-°mt\m s]Æmbn P\n-°m-Xn-cp-∂-Xn¬ BÀm-Zn-°mt\m F\n-°-dn-™n-cp-∂n-√. \n -lm-b-\mb Fs∂ Bscm-s°tbm FSpØv emfn®p; DΩ sh®p. Aßs\ ape-∏m-ens‚ kzmZ-dn-™-t∏mƒ Rm≥ Icp-Xn, "CXmWv PohnXw'. ]n∂oSv ]n®-sh®v hf¿∂v Ifn-∏m-´-ß-fp-sSbpw Ifn-tØm-gc - p-sSbpw IqsS-bm-bn-cp-∂t- ∏mƒ F\n°p tXm∂n, "CXmWv PohnXw'. kvIqfn-te°v ]pkvXIk©nbpw Xq°n-∏n-Sn®p t]mbn kl-]m-Tn-I-fp-sSbpw A[ym-]-I-cp-sSbpw CS-bn-en-cp∂v Adnhv \pI¿∂-t∏mƒ Rm≥ hnNm-cn-®p, "CXmWv PohnXw'. Np‰p-a-Xn-en-\p-≈nse {]hn-im-e-amb ssaXm-\-Øn\p \Sp-hn-ep≈ {]uV-Kw-`o-c-amb tImtfPv sI´n-S-Øn-\p-≈n¬ IS∂p sN∂v as‰mcp temIw I≠v Ahn-SsØ l¿j{]Zm-bI - ß - f - mb ]cn-kc - ß - f - nepw hr£-\n-_n-U-amb Np‰p-h-´-ß-fnepw ]pXp-]p-Ø≥ A\p-`-h-ß-fp-ambn eme-kn-®p-√-kn®p \S-∂-t∏mƒ

Rm≥ k¶¬∏n-®p, "CXmWv PohnXw'. t{]a-Km-\-ß-fm-e-]n®pw s\cn-t∏m-Sp-t]mse IØn-\o-dp∂ a\-t m-Sp-IqSn Zo¿L-\n-izm-k-߃ DXn¿Øpw Imap-In-bpsS ]n∂mse Ahsf {]Io¿Øn®p \S-∂-t∏mƒ \n\-®p-t]m-bn, "CXmWv PohnXw'. ]IzX {]m]n®v hnhm-lhpw tPmenbpw ZmºXy Pohn-X-hpa-\p-`-hn®v kk-t¥mjw IpSpw-_-Im-cy-߃ {i≤n®v ]nXmhpw ]ns∂ ]nXm-a-l\pw Hs°-bmbn amdn-bt- ∏mƒ Rm≥ `mhn-®p, "CsXm-s°-bmWv PohnXw'. \njvIf - ¶ - X - b - p-sSbpw imeo-\X - b - p-sSbpw ap-J-ap-{Z-bmb Cu ]® {Kmaw Fs‚ Ime-N-{IsØ Xncn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp∂p; Fs‚ Xe-apSn shfp-∏n®psIm≠n-cp∂p; Fs‚ apXp-Ins\ hf®p sIm≠n-cp∂p; C∂nXm s]mSp-∂s\ GtXm ssIIƒ Fs‚ ]mZ-ß-fnepw ssII-fnepw Aa-cp-∂Xpw Fs∂ \n›-e-\m-°n-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂Xpw Rm\-\p-`-hn-°p-∂p. Rm\-dn-bmsX Ime≥ F‚-IØv IS-∂n-cn-°-bm-Wv, Fs‚ Poh-\n¬ ssIsh-®n-cn-°-bm-Wv. Ct∏mƒ Rm≥ tJZ-]q¿Δw tIgp-I-bm-Wv, ""CXm-bn-cpt∂m PohnXw ?''.

145


A]-cn-Nn-X-\mb AXnYn dwjo-\ ]n. ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

"ltem ssa Un-b¿ \mkv\o, F¥mWv an≠msX t]mIp-∂Xv? Fs∂ Hm¿Ω-bnt√? adt∂m?' ]´-W-Øn-eqsS [rXn-s∏´v \S-∂p-t]m-hp-I-bm-bn-cp∂ Fs∂ t\m°n hfsc ASpØp ]cn-N-b-ap≈ Hcm-sf-t∏m-sebmWv Ahƒ kwkm-cn-®Xpw s]cp-am-dn-bX - p-sa-√mw. Rm\msI Bi-b-°p-g-∏-Øn-em-bn. hfsc kq£-va-ambn t\m°n-bn´pw Hm¿Ω-bpsS Ib-Øn¬ BsI apßn-Ø-∏n-bn´pw B apJØns‚ cq]w sXfn-™p-In-´p-∂n-√. Hcp-]-s£ Imew hcpØnb am‰-am-bn-cn-°mw. F∂m-ep-ap-≠m-hns√ Nne kmayw? "bp tlhv sNbv©vUv F tem´v ssaUn-b¿..! F¥p]‰n, Hm¿a-bn¬ F{X X∏n-bn´pw CXp-t]m-semcp apJw sXfn™p-h-cp-∂n-√-t√m. Abmw shcn tkmdn'. Atß-b‰w e÷tbmSpw ]›m-Øm-]t- Øm-Spw-IqSn CXp ]d-bp-tºmgpw Fs‚ t\m´w Ah-fpsS apJ-Øp-Xs∂ Xd-®p-\n¬°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. XpS¿∂v Ahƒ Fs‚ Npa-en¬ ssIsh®v IqsS \S-°m≥ XpS-ßn. AXn-\n-S-bn¬ Fs‚ IpSpw-_-hn-ti-jhpw Hm^okv Imcy-ßfpw F∂p-am-{X-a√ ho´nse hf¿Øp-]-´n-bmb an°phns‚ kpJ-hn-hcw hsc At\z-jn-®p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. ""Rm≥ Zp_m-bn¬ \n∂v C∂-se-bmWv \m´n-se-Ønb-X.v Ct∏mƒ Nne AXym-hi - y-߃°mbn SuWn-te°p h∂Xm-Wv. G - X - m-bmepw \√ `mKy-ap-≠v. \ns∂ ImWm-\m-bt- √m. \ΩpsS tImtfPv sabv‰k v n¬ Bsc-sb-¶nepw ImWm-dpt≠m? Hm...FhnsS t\cw In´m\m AXn-s\ms° As√? IpSpw-_am-bm¬ ]ns∂ H∂n\pw Hgn-hp-≠m-hn-√. ]ns∂ Fs∂-t∏mse Zp_m-bntem at‰m Bbm¬ \m´n¬ hcp-tºm-sg-¶nepw H∂t\z-jn°pw''

136

146

""icn-bmWv \o ]d-™X - .v IpSpw-_P - o-hn-XØ - n-te¿s∏´p Ign-™m¬ ]ns∂ IpSpw-_w-Xs∂ temIw. ]gb Iq´p-Imcpw kplr-Øp-°f - p-sam∂pw B temI-tØ°v Imse-Sp-Øp-hb - ° v pI-tb-bn-√. h√ I√ymtWm k¬°mtcm Hs° D≠m-bm¬ Hm¿Ωn-s®-SpØv Hcp £W-°-Ø-b-°pw. hs∂-¶n¬ hcpw, Cs√-¶n-en-√. AsXm-s°-bs√ ÿnXn?'' ""F∂mepw Hcp-an®v Hcp ¢mkn-en-cp∂v ]Tn-®-hsc Fßs\ ad-°m\m \mkv\o. Zm‰okv Cwt]m-kn-_nƒ. Fs‚ tIbvkn¬ Aß-s\-bm. ]ns∂ adn-®p-t≈mcpw ImWpw. Mm. ]ns∂ Ign-™-X-hW Rm≥ \m´n¬ h∂-t∏mƒ \ΩpsS ¢mkvsa-bv‰vkn-s\-sb√mw Iq´n Hcp ]m¿´n kwL-Sn-∏n-®n-cp∂p. £W-°Øv \n\°pw Ab-®n-cp-∂p. ]s£ \o am{Xw FØn-°-≠n-√. Rm≥ Ip‰-s∏SpØpI-b-√. Xnc-°n-em-b-XpsIm-≠m-bn-cn-°mw. GXm-bmepw F√m-h-scbpw Hcp-an-®p-ImWm≥ ]‰p∂ Hcp Nm≥sk∂ \ne°v D]-tbm-K-s∏-Sp-Øm-ambn-cp-∂p. IØv In´n-bn-cp-∂ns√? th≠{X Kuc-hØ - n¬ FSpØp-Im-Wn√ As√?'' ""C√-t√m, F\n-°ß - s\ Hcp IØv In´p-Itbm Bsc¶nepw AXn-s\-°p-dn®v kwkm-cn-°p-∂Xv tIƒ°p-Itbm sNbvXn-´n-√. C\n IØv Xcm-t\¬∏n® Bƒ hn´p-t]m-bXmtWm Ft¥m? GXm-bmepw \ap-°n∂v Hcp dtÃm-d‚n¬ Ibdn B tJZ-aßp Xo¿Øp-I-fbmw, Ft¥?'' ""sIm≈mw. F shcn kvπ≥UnUv sFUn-b. ASpØ dtÃm-d‚n-te-°p-Xs∂ Bh-s´. Fkn-bm-Wt√m.'' CXpw-]d™v R߃ sXm´-Sp-Øp≈ dtÃm-d‚n¬ Ib-dn. dtÃmd‚n¬ \√ Xnc-°-\p-`-h-s∏-´p. Cw•ojv Km\-ß-fpsS sImgp-


∏n¬ aZyw \pW- ™ n- c n- ° p∂h¿°n- S - b n- e qsS R߃ ]Xps° \S∂v Hscm-gn™ tIm¿W-dn-se-Øn. aZy-Øns‚ K‘w FØm-Øn-SØv Ccn-∏p-d∏ - n®v Rm≥ shbn-‰sd hnfn®v sa\p- h-cpØn Fs‚ kplr-Øns‚ ske-£\ - p-hn-´p. Ahƒ Hm¿U¿ sNøp∂ sF‰wkv I≠v Rm≥ Aº-c-∂p-t]m-bn. "Fs‚ DSb Xºp-cm-t\, CXns‚ _ns√-ßm\pw sImSp-t°≠ KXn-tISv F\n°p hcp-Ø-cptX' F∂p a\- n¬ a{¥n®p Rm≥ c≠p- IjvWw sdm´nbpw _o^v Idnbpw Hcp Nn°≥ kq∏pw Ign®p aXn-bm-°n. _n¬ ^b-en-em°n IqsS Snjyq-t]-∏dpw sh®v shbn‰¿ tS_n-fn¬ sIm≠p-h-∂p-sh-®p. Rm≥ hmjnwKv Ign™v tSmbve-‰n-te°v Ib-dn. Fs‚ kplrØv _n¬ sImSp-°-s´sb∂v IcpXn AXn-\p-≈n¬ Ipd-®-[nIt\cw sNe-h-gn-®p. XncnsI h∂-t∏mƒ Ahƒ Ccp-∂n-cp∂ ÿew iq\y-am-bncp-∂p. Fs‚ lm≥Uv_mKv h®n-Shpw iq\yw. lm≥Uv_m-Kn\p-≈n¬ apΔm-bncw cq]-bp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. AXp-ambn Ahƒ IS-∂p-If - ™ n-cn-°p-∂p. Fs‚ Hm^okv kw_-‘a - mb Nne IS-em-kp-I-fp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p AXn-\p-≈n¬. Ahƒs°m´pw {]tbm-P\ - a - n-√m-Ø, F∂m¬ F\n-t°sd hne-s∏´ tcJ-Iƒ. Rm≥ BsI kvXw`n-®p-t]m-bn. Fßs\ _n√-S° - pw. Rm≥ F\n°p ]nW™ Aafn Bscbpw Adn-bn-°m-Xn-cn°m≥ {ian-°p-Ib - m-bn-cp-∂p. ]cn-Nb - a - p-≈h - c - m-sc-¶nepw kao]-Øpt≠m F∂p-t\m-°n. Bscbpw ImWp-∂n-√. Rm≥ Igp-

Pohs‚ Xmfw imln-\ Fw. c≠mw-h¿j _n.-F. tkmtjym-fPn

Ønse kz¿Æ sNbn≥ Agn®v _n√p-ambn tIjy-dpsS ASp°¬ sN∂p ]d-™p: ""Fs‚ kplrØv s]s´∂v s{Sbn≥ ka-b-am-sbt∂m¿Øv ÿew hn´-t∏mƒ Fs‚ lm≥Uv_mKpw Adn-bmsX Iøn¬ sh®n-´p-≠v. Rm≥ \mep-Zn-h-k-Øn-\p-tijw Ahsf ImWpw. At∏mtg lm≥Uv _mKv Xncn-®p-In-´p-Ib - p-≈q. AXn\m¬ Fs‚ sNbn≥ ChnsS h®p-sIm-≈p-I. Rm≥ Iymjpambn hcp-tºmƒ Xncn-®p-X-∂m¬ aXn''. tIjn-b¿ sNbn≥ hmßnsh®p. Rm≥ X¬£Ww ho´n-te°p IpXn-®p. ]pdtØ-°p≈ A¥- p- t\m-°nbpw kpμ-c-amb ]Z-{]-tbm-Kßfpw am\y-amb CS-s]-S-ep-Ifpw I≠pw h©n-X-cmbn BfpIsf hniz-kn-®m-esØ NXn-°p-gn-Iƒ C∂sØ kmaq-lnI Pohn-X-Øns‚ apJ-ap-{Z-I-fm-sW∂ Xncn-®-dnhv F\n-°p-≠mbn. ho´n-se-Ønb Rm≥ tS_n-fn-en-cp∂ Zn\-]{Xw FSp-Øpt\m-°n. AXn¬ "hm≥UUv' Fs∂-gpXn t^mt´m-k-lnXw A®-Sn-®p-h∂ {Inan-\-ens‚ apJØv Fs‚ IÆp-I-fp-S-°n. Fs‚ IÆp-I-fn¬ Ccp-´p-]-c-°p-∂Xv Rm≥ Xncn-®-dn-™p. Imep-Iƒ Ipg-™p-t]m-Ip-∂Xp-t]m-se. a\- n\v ac-hn-∏v. Ft∂m-Sp-]c - n-Nbw \Sn-®, Fs‚ IqsS `£Ww Ign®v Fs‚ _mKp-sa-SpØv XSn-X-∏nb Fs‚ "{]nb-s∏´' AXn-Yn-bp-tSXm-bn-cp∂p B t^mt´m. AXv s]¨th-ja - W - n™ Hcm-Wmbn-cp-∂p-hs - {X.

\o FbvXphn´ {]W-b-Øns‚ Hfn-bk - v{X-߃ D∂w sX‰msX Fs‚ s\©n¬ h∂p Xd®p. Fs‚ teme-lr-Z-b-Øn-t\‰ apdn-hp-Iƒ \o te]\w ]pc-´n-bp-W-°n. Fs‚ a\- ns‚ Xºp-cp-hn¬ \o ao´nb {]W-b-Km-\-߃ Hcp-]mSv a[p-c-kz-]v\-߃°pw kpμc {]Xo-£-Iƒ°pw hnØp- ]mIn. Dƒ]p-f-I-Øns‚ ae¿sam-´p-Iƒ Ah F∂n¬ hncnbn®p. C∂-hs - bm-s°bpw hmSn-°c - n™Xv Cu Aam-hm-kn-cm-hn¬ Hm¿Ω-bpsS Ac-≠sh-fn-®-Øn¬ Rm≥ t\m°n \n¬°p-∂p. \ns‚ B kzc-cm-K-kp[ AI-se-sb-hn-sStbm \n∂p-b-cp-tºmƒ Rm\-Xn-\mbn ImXn\v h´w ]nSn-°p-∂p. HSp-hn¬ Hm¿Ω-bnse {]Xn-[z-\n-I-fmbn Ah A¥-co-£-Øn¬ ebn-°p-∂p. \n\°p \jvS-am-bXv GXm\pw Km\-߃ F\n-t°m, Fs‚ Pohs‚ Xmf-hpw...

147


{]Imi tKm]pcw C∂m-´n¬ ImWp-s∂m˛ cn∏-cn-h¿Ø\w \n∂m¬ \S-∂X - m˛ sW≥ Iem-e-b-ta. A‘-Imcw ]c˛ ∂‘m-fn-s®mcp P\w A¥-an-√m-sØmcp Pohn-Xs - si-en-bn¬ apgp-In-°-gn-bp-tºm˛ fhsc tamNn-∏n-°m≥ ap∂n-´n-dß - n-tbm¿ ]Wn Xo¿ØXm \ns∂. a¨Ip-Sn-ep-Ifn¬ \ns∂-{Xtbm a°ƒ sh¨Ip-Sn-en-Xn¬ h∂p hn⁄cmbv Xocp-∂p. kz]v\-߃ ]qh-Wo˛ ®h¿ \oßn-Sp-∂Xm kzmb-Øa - m-°p-hm≥ kz¿§ob hoYn-Iƒ. AΩ-sb-t∏mse \o˛ bnhnsS hcp-t∂m¿°v AΩn™ t]me-dn-˛ thIp∂p \nXy-hpw.

138

148

Pwjo\ sI. ss^\¬ _n.-tImw.

F∂nte A£c˛ ߃°p Icp-tØIn \n∂psS hm’ey kv]¿i\w sIm≠p \o. F∂-¥c - w-KØv \nXyw \nd-bp∂p \n∂-¥c - m-fØ - n¬ \n∂p-≈-dn-hp-Iƒ. hnZym-\n-tI-X\ - ˛ anXnse Kpcp-P\w hmcn hnX-dp∂p hn⁄m\ apØp-Iƒ. lrZ-bØ - n≥ `mfiw \nh¿Øn-∏n-Sn-°p-hn˛ \Xn-te°p thKw s]dp°n \nd-°p-hn≥. Iq´p-Im¿°nXv am{X˛ amsW-\n-t°-Ip-hm˛ \mbp-s≈m-c¥na \nXy-kp-`m-jnXw


\ap-s°-ßs\ sh{]m-f-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp∂p? A≥km¿ kn.-sI. ss^\¬ _n.-tImw.

\mw Pohn- ° p∂ `qan- b psS ÿnXn A\-Xn-hnZqc `mhn-bn¬ F¥mIp-sa-∂m-tem-Nn®v sh{]m-f-s∏-Sp∂ hnh-c-ÿ-∑m¿ Gsd-bp≠v temI-Øv. BtKm-f-Xm-]-\-sØ-°p-dn®pw AXv `qan-bnse ]e- {]-tZ-i-ß-sfbpw ISen-em-gvØm≥ t]mIp∂p F∂-Xn-s\°p-dn®pw imkv{X-⁄-∑m¿ ap∂-dnbn∏p X∂p Ign-™n-cns° \ap-s°ßs\ sh{]m-f-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ignbpw? `qan-bpsS D¤-h-Øn\p tijw AXv G‰hpw IqSp-X¬ NqSm-bXv CubSpØ amk- ß - f n- e m- b n- c p- ∂ p- s h∂v imkv{X-⁄-∑m¿ A`n-{]m-b-s∏-Sp-∂p. Cu hn[-Øn-emWv BtKm-f-Xm-]-\Øns‚ i‡n -{]m-]n-°¬. hyh-km-bim-e-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]pdw-X-≈p∂ lcnX-Kr-lh - m-XI - ß - ƒ A¥-co-t£m-jvamhns\ {Iam-Xo-X-ambn h¿≤n-∏n-°pIbpw X≥aqew th\epw h¿jhpw tla-¥hp-sa√mw {Iaw-sX‰n a\p-jy\pƒs∏-sS-bp≈ ssPh kº-Øn\v `oj-Wn-bp-b¿Øp-Ib - p-am-Ws - {X. CX-dn-bp-∂h - c - mWv temI-cm-j{v St\-Xm°sf-√m-hc - pw. AXp-sIm-≠m-W-

h¿ 2009 Unkw-_d - n¬ sU∑m¿°ns‚ Xe-ÿm-\a - mb tIm∏¨sl-bK v \ - nepw 2010 Unkw-_-dn¬ saIvknt°m \K-cØnse Im¶-Wnepw CXp kw_-‘ambn HØp- t N¿∂- X v. ]s£ tIm∏¨sl-bvK-Wn¬ ]Xn-\mev Znhkhpw Im¶-Wn¬ ]{¥≠v Znh-khpw Ccp∂v ]c-kv]cw X¿°n-®-X-√msX hnI-knX cmPy-߃°pw hnI-kzc cmPy-߃°p-an-S-bn¬ Hcp Xocp-am\ sFIy-Øn-se-Øm-\m-hm-Ø-Xn-\m¬ bmsXmcp DS-ºS- n-bnepw H∏n-SmsX ]ncn™-tX-bp≈q c≠n-S-sØbpw ktΩ-f\-߃. lcn- X - K r- l - h m- X - I ß- f mb Im¿_¨ssU- Hm-Ivssk-Uv, aosYbn≥, s\bv{SUv HmIvssk-Uv, kƒ^¿ slIvkm-tπm-ssdUv F∂nh ]pdw-X≈p-∂-Xns‚ Af-hn¬ \n›nX iXam\w sh´n-°p-d° - p-Is - b-∂X - mWv hyhkm-bh - X - vIrX cmPy-߃ sNtø-≠X - v. 1997 ¬ P∏m-\n¬ \S∂ bp.-F≥. Imemhÿ D®-tIm-Sn-bn¬ sh®v temI cmPy߃ H∏p-sh® DS-ºSn CXm-h-iy-s∏´p-sIm-≠p-≈X - m-bn-cp-∂p. AX-\p-kc - n®v ap∏-Øn-sbm∂v hyh-km-b-h-XvIrX

cmjv{S-ßfpw ta¬]-d™ lcn-XK - rl hmX-Iß-fpsS Hcp \n›nX iX-am\w sh´n-°p-d° - p-sa∂v hmKvZm\w sNbvXncp- ∂ p. Ata- c n- ° bpw {_n´\pw {^m≥kpw C‰-en-bp-sa√mw Cßs\ hmKvZm\w sNbvX cmjv{S-ßf - psS Iq´Øn¬ Dƒs∏-Sp-∂p. ]s£ {]kvXpX cmjv{S-߃ B hmKvZm\w \nd-th-‰nbn-s√∂p am{X-a√ P¿a-\n-sbm-gn-sIbp≈ hyh-km-b-h-XvIrX cmjv{S-ßsf√mw AXn-\p-tijw lcn-X-Kr-l-hmXIw apº-tØ-Xn-ep-a[ - nIw ]pd-Øp-hn´p-sIm≠v AXns\ A]-lm-ky-am°p∂ \ne-]m-sS-Sp-°p-Ib - mWv sNbvXXv. Cu kml-N-cysØ Fßs\ t\cn-S-W-sa-∂m-tem-Nn-°m-\mWv ta¬ ]d™ tIm∏¨sl-bvK¨ D®-tImSnbpw AXv ^ - ew sNøm-Xn-cp-∂X - n-\m¬ Im¶¨ D®-tIm-Sn-bp-sa√mw hnfn-®ptN¿Ø- X v . BtKm- f - X m- ] - \ - Ø n¬ a™p- c pIn IS¬P- e - \ n- c - ∏ p- b ¿∂v apßm≥t]m-Ip∂ Zzo]v cmjv{S-ßf - psS Ic-®n¬ tIƒ°m≥ Zpc -aqØ hyhkm-bh - X - vIrX cmjv{S-߃ I\n-hp-Im´m-ØX - mWv {]iv\Ø - n\v ]cn-lm-ca - n-√m-

hyh-km-b-im-e-I-fn¬ \n∂v ]pdw-X-≈p∂ lcn-X-Kr-l-hm-X-I-߃ A¥-co-t£m-jvamhns\ {Iam-Xo-X-ambn h¿≤n-∏n-°p-Ibpw X≥aqew th\epw h¿jhpw tla-¥hp-sa√mw {Iaw-sX‰n a\p-jy-\pƒs∏-sS-bp≈ ssPh kº-Øn\v `oj-Wn-bp-b¿Øp-I-bp-am-W-s{X

149


cmjv{Sob kmaq-lnI Imcy-ß-fn¬ \ns∂√mw AI∂v kz¥w IpSpw-_-Øn-s‚bpw Ip´n-I-fp-sSbpw Imcyw am{Xw t\m°n-bm¬ aXn-sb∂p IcpXn Pohn-°p-∂-h-scbpw _m[n°p-∂-XmWv `qan ASpØ `mhn-bn¬ F¥m-Ip-sa∂ {]iv\w. Ipf-Øn¬ hogp∂ I√v hoW-`m-KsØ am{X-a√ Cf-°pI, IpfsØ apgp-h≥ Cf-°p-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂X - p-t]m-se-bmWv C∂sØ ImeØv `qan-bpsS GXv `mKØpw D≠m-Ip∂ GXv kw`-h-hpw. Xm-°p-∂X - .v tIm∏¨sl-bK v ¨ ktΩf-\-Øns‚ sXm´p-ap-ºmbn am¬Zzo-]pIm¿ Xß-fpsS A¥y-aS- p-Øn-cn-°p∂p c£n-°tW F∂ \ne-hn-fn-°p-t\sc temI-t\-Xm-°-fpsS {i≤ £Wn-°ms\-t∂mWw IS-en-\S- n- bn¬ a{¥n-k` - mtbmKw hsc tN¿∂p-t\m-°n. ]s£ Ip∂p Ipep- ß n- b mepw Ip™m®p Ipep-ßqe F∂ a´n¬ AXn-\p-t\sc _m[ncyw \Sn-®-tX-bp≈q hyh-km-bh- X v I rX cmjv { S- ß ƒ. bp.- F - k v . , {_ko¬, Z£n- W m- { ^n- ° , C¥y, ssN\ XpSßnb cmjv{S-߃ Icmdns\ FXn¿Øpw, bp.-F-kv. Hgn-®p≈ hnI-knX cm{„-ßfpw Pn.77 se AhnI-knX cmjv{S-ßfpw AXns\ A\pIq-en®pw \ne-sIm-≠-XmWv c≠p- ktΩ-f\ - ß - fpw hn^-ea - m-Im≥ Imc-Ww. Icm- d ns\ ^e- { ]- Z - a m- ° m≥ AXns\ \nb-a_ - m-[y-Xb - p-≈X - m-°p-Isb∂ \ne-]m-Sn-s\-Xn-cn¬ \ne-sIm≈m≥ \ΩpsS cmjv { S- a mb C¥ysbbpw IΩyq-WnÃv cmjv{S-amb ssN\tbbpw t{]cn-∏n-®Xv hyh-kmb cwKØp≈ Ccp-cm-jv{S-ßf - p-sSbpw apt∂m´p-t]m-°ns‚ apºn¬ AØ-c-samcp Icm¿ {]Xn-_‘w krjvSn-s®-¶ntem F∂ i¶-bm-bn-cn-°mw. ]s£ Cu Dcp≠ `qan-bpsS GXv aqe-bn¬ Pohn°p∂ a\p-jycpw a\p-jy-cm-b-Xn-\m¬ Ah- t cm- s S√mw tht≠ a\p- j y\v klm-\p-`m-hhpw Zbbpw F∂ tNmZy sØ t\cn-Sm≥ Ata-cn-°≥ km{am-PyØn\v am{Xta _m[y-X-bp≈q? `qanbpsS GXv `mKsØ _m[n- ° p∂ hn]Øpw am\-hc - m-insb _m[n-°p∂ hn]-Ømbn ImtW-≠-Xt√? BtKm-fXm-]\w IS-ense Pe-\n-c∏v Iq´n-bm¬ \ΩpsS sIm®n-tb-bpw apwss_-sbbpw Hs° AXv _m[n-t®-°nt√ F∂

140

150

Bi-¶bpw Aÿm-\-Ø-√. At∏mƒ ]ns∂ \ap-s°-ßs\ sh{]m-f-s∏-SmXn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bpw? X]n-°p∂ `qansb XWp-∏n°m≥ Fs¥-¶n-ep-sams° \ΩpsS `cW-I¿Øm-°-sf-s°m≠v sNøn-°m≥ a\p-jy≥ F∂ hnti-jW - a - p≈ PohnI- s f- √ mw- I qSn sa\- s °t´ ]‰q. cmjv{Sob kmaq-lnI Imcy-ß-fn¬ \ns∂√mw AI∂v kz¥w IpSpw-_Øn-s‚bpw Ip´n-I-fp-sSbpw Imcyw am{Xw t\m°n-bm¬ aXn-sb∂p IcpXn Pohn-°p-∂h - s - cbpw _m[n-°p-∂X - mWv `qan ASpØ `mhn-bn¬ F¥m-Ip-sa∂ {]iv\w. Ipf-Øn¬ hogp∂ I√v hoW`m-KsØ am{X-a√ Cf-°pI, IpfsØ apgp-h≥ Cf-°p-sa∂v ]d-bp-∂-Xp-t]mse-bmWv C∂sØ ImeØv `qan-bpsS GXv `mKØpw D≠m-Ip∂ GXv kw`h-hpw. F√m `mK-sØbpw AXv _m[n°pw. Ign™ kp\man _m[- I - f nse√mw \maXv I≠-Xm-Wv. imkv{X-km-t¶-XnI ]ptcm-KXnbpw hyh-kmb hf¿®-bp-sams° Ah-bpsS Xncn-®Sn ImWn-®p-Xp-S-ßpI-bmtWm F∂p-hsc kwi-bn-t°-≠nbn-cn-°p-∂p imkv{X-Im-c∑ - m-cpsS Nne ap∂-dn-bn-∏p-Iƒ tIƒ°p-tºmƒ. am\h-cmin \mfn-Xp-hsc `qap-JØv sI´n∏-SpØ \mK-cn-I-X-bpsS kaq-e-\miw \S-°m≥ Hscm‰ s]cp-a-gtbm sImSp¶m-t‰m aXn-sb∂v \mtam¿°-Ww. {]IrXn-hn-]Ø - p-Iƒ ]eXpw {]IrXn kzta[bm hcp-Øp-∂-X-√. a\p-jy≥ AXnt\mSv ImWn-°p∂ {Iqc-X-Iƒ°p≈ {]Xn-Im-cß - f - m-bn-cn-°pw Ah-bn¬ ]eXpw. AXp kzta-[bm G¬∏n-°p∂ \mi-߃°v Cc-bm-bn-s°m-Sp-°mt\ \ap-°m-Iq. ]s£, a\pjy Ic-߃ {]Ir-Xnsb t{Zmln-°p-∂-Xn-s\-Xn-sc-

bmWv \ap°v {]Xn-Ic - n-t°-≠X - .v AXn\p≈ Blzm- \ - ß - f mbn h¿Æ- a - g sbbpw cmk-ag - s - b-bp-sams° \msa-Sp°-Ww. Cu `qan C\nbpw \q‰m-≠pIƒ Pohn-°-Ww. `qan-°p-ap-≠mImw AXn- s ‚- s bm- c m- b p-   v . AXp Xocptºmƒ AXp-aßp acn-°pw. ]s£ \mw AXn\v AIm-e-N-caw hcp-Ø-cpXv. Fs¥√mw taml-ß-fp-am-bmWv ChnsS Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿ Pohn-°p-∂-Xv... GsXms° Xc-Øn-ep≈ {]`m-X-ßfmWv Hmtcm-cp-Ø¿°n-hnsS hnS¿tØ≠-X.v .. Fs¥√mw PmXn hnπ-hß - f - mWv hnP-bn-∏n-t°-≠-Xv... GsX√mw PmXn ap{Zm-hm-Iy-ßf - mWv km£m-XvIc - n-t°≠-Xv... Fs¥√mw ÿm\-am-\ß - f - mWv Ae-¶-cn-t°-≠n-bn-cn-°p-∂Xv... F{Xsb{X ]©-h-’c ]≤-Xn-I-fm-Wn\nbpw Bkq-{XWw sNbvXv \S-∏n-emt°- ≠ n- b n- c n- ° p- ∂ - X v . .. F{X- s b{X kvam¿´p-kn-‰n-Iƒ°mWn-\nbpw cq]w \¬Im- \ n- c n- ° p- ∂ Xv . .. F√m- ‰ n\pw tht≠ Cu `qan Pohn-®n-cn-°p-I. ]s£ CXv Nn¥n-t°-≠-h¿ Nn¥n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ, ImtW-≠h - ¿ ImWm-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ, a\- n-em-t°-≠h¿ a\- n-em-°m-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ, AXn\-hsc t{]cn-∏n-t°-≠h - ¿ t{]cn-∏n-°mXn-cn-°p-tºmƒ, {]Xn-I-cn-t°-≠-h¿ {]Xn-Ic - n-°m-Xn-cn-°p-tºmƒ, {]Xn-Ic - n°p- ∂ - h cpw X߃°v Dugw In´ptºmƒ a‰-h¿ sNbvXX - p-Xs∂ sNøm≥ Xp\n-bp-tºmƒ... \ap-s°-ßs\ sh{]mf-s∏-Sm-Xn-cn-°m≥ Ign-bp-∂p? AXn\pw Ign-bp-∂n-s√-¶n¬ \ap-s°mcp hnh-chp-an-s√∂pw NØ-Xn-s\mØv Pohn-°pI-bmWv \msa-∂p-am-bn-cn-°ns√ AXn\¿∞w?


F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥

Aa¬ A¿Pp≥ t^m¿Øv ska-ÿ Cw•ojv

hnf-Isf XSn-∏n-°pw, If-If - n¬ \n∂p-t]mepw hnf-Iƒ Infn¿∏n°pw, ImØp-\n¬°pw Itºm-fß - f - n¬ aqØXpw ]gp-ØXpw AXn-£n-{]-sa-Øn°pw˛ hmßq F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥ hmßm-Øh - s - cm-s°bpw hmßq h - m-ßn-Øf - n°q: hb-ep-If - n¬, tXm´-ßf - n¬ F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥! hmSn-Øp-Sß - nb CX-fp-Is - f tISm-bnSpw Ce-X≠ - p-Isf QSp-Xn-bn¬ t\sc-bm°n NSp-e-X-tbIpw DØauj[n. Sn.-hn. bn¬ ]ckyw t\m°n-°≠ Ip´n-bpsS Ic-®n-en¬ \n∂v apØ»n tIs´-SpØXpw: Ft¥m kƒ^m≥ HSp-hn¬ hb-ep-I-fnepw tXm´-ßf - nepw hncn™ ImbvI\ - n-Iƒ Xn∂m≥ h∂ IoS-߃ NØp-a-e®p. H∏w, AΩ-am-cpsS DZ-c-ß-fn¬ \n∂p-hn-cnbpw Ipcp-∂p-Iƒ Xe-ho¿Øp acn®p Ic-™p-hogpw Im°-Iƒ, ]mSn-Øf - cpw Ipbn-ep-Iƒ˛ Hs°bpw HSp-hn¬ Nne-®-Xv F≥tUm-kƒ^m≥. Ip´n°pXncn-™Xv, apØ-»n°pw Ipcp-∂p-Iƒ°pw Im°-Iƒ°pw Ipbn-ep-Iƒ°p-sa√mw Xncn-™Xv Xncn-bmØ Ipd®v FÆw Ccp-Im-en-Iƒ tNmZn®p: F¥p kƒ^m≥?

151


s]mXp-hn-jb - ß - f- n¬

Hcp Imºkv k¿sΔ... Imº-kp-Iƒ kaq-l-Øn¬ \n∂v ]q¿Æ-ambpw th¿s]´p\n¬°p∂ Zzo]p-I-f-√. kaq-l-Øn¬ Ae-b-Sn-°p∂ cmjv{Sob kmwkvIm-cnI {]Xn-`m-k-ß-sf√mw Imº-kp-I-fnepw {]Xn-^-en-°pw. \ne-hn-ep≈ kaq-l-Øns‚ \mSnan-Sn∏p-Iƒ Dƒs°m-≈p-∂h - ¿ Xs∂ hnZym¿∞n-Ifpw A[ym-]I - c - pw. hnZym¿∞n-tem-IØ - ns‚bpw A[ym-]I - t- em-IØ - ns‚bpw Nn¥m-KX - n-If - n¬ kmayhyXym-kß - fpw ImWpw. AXn-\m¬ kaq-lØ - n¬ s]mXp-hm-bp-b¿Ø-s∏-Sp∂ GXm\pw kPoh {]iv\-ßsf ASn-ÿm-\-s∏-SpØn F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. bnse A[ym-]-I¿°pw hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°p-an-S-bn¬ ]n]mk {]h¿ØI¿ \S-Ønb Cu k¿sΔ CØcw hnj-b-ßfn-ep≈ kaq-l-Øns‚ s]mXp-hmb Nn¥m-K-Xn-bpsS Hcp \nZ¿i\-am-bn-cn-°p-sa∂v Icp-Xp-∂p.

142

152


153


144

154


Xøm-dm-°n-bXv: A¿jZv. sI

155


146

]\n-a-Xn- bm-t{Xm‡n sNm√n ]I-tem-s\-sb-Xn-tc¬°m≥ ]d-h-Iƒ kwKoX \rØ-amSn ]I-en‚p-ZvLm-S\w \S-°p-∂p. IÆp-Iƒ Xncp-ΩnØp-d∂p Rm\m h¿Æ-i-_-f-ap-lq¿Øw ho£n-°sh \n{Zm-tam-ln\n ho≠p-sas∂ Ah-fpsS temI-tØ°p amSn-hn-fn-®p. hiy-Xb - m¿∂ Ah-fpsSb£Ww A{]-Xn-tcm-[y-am-bt- ∏mƒ Rm≥ Ahƒ \nh¿Øn-Ø∂ Nnd-In-tedn lm, FØn Rms\mcp hnkva-b-`q-an-bn¬! ho≠pw ImWm≥ tamln-®n´v ImWm≥ Ah-kcw In´m-Ø-h¿, ]qh-Wn-bmØ taml-߃ ]qØp\n¬°pw cwK-߃... AI-e-`q-X-ß-fn¬ ad™ hnI-e-Po-hn-X-Øn-\p-S-a-Iƒ... I]-Sa - o-tem-IØ - n¬ ImWmØ I¬a-j-a‰ hnip≤am-\-k¿... A√-se√mw ad-∏n-°p∂ kz—-kp-μc {]IrXn Zriy-߃... ^m\pw {^nUvPp-an-√mØ Im\-\i - o-Xf - — - mbmtemIw ! Ahn-S-sam-cn-°epw hnSm-Xn-cn-°m≥ \n{Zm-tZ-hnsb sI´n-∏pW¿∂p Rm≥ ]s£, Gsd-s®√pw apº-hƒ Nnd-I-Sn-®p-ho-gvØn-sb-s∂bo ]cp-]-cp-°≥ \K-c-Øn¬ ho≠pw; C\n-sb-∂m-hpsa-\n-s°-∂mthm FØnSm\m kz]vt\m-’-h-∏-d-ºn¬...

156

kz]vt\m-’hw DΩp-lm-\n F. H∂mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv


Xncn-®-dnhv

apl-ΩZv d^o-Jv -sI.]n ss^\¬ _n.-F. Cw•ojv

{]mX¬ Ign-®-Xns‚ _n¬ sIm-SpØv tlm´-ep-Imc≥ X∂ _m°n icn-bmtWm F∂p ]cn-tim-[n®v t]m°-‰nen´v Rm≥ hml-\-߃ Xnßn-\o-ßp∂ B ]´-W-Øn-eqsS ho≠pw Ae-™p. Hcm-gvN-bn-te-sd-bm-bn-cp∂p ho´n¬ \n∂p t]m∂n´v. Iønse Imiv Xo¿∂p-t]m-Ip-sa∂p `b∂v Hcp-t\cw am{Xta I\-Øn¬ `£Ww Ign-®n-cp-∂p-≈q. a‰p t\c-ß-fn-se√mw eLp-hm-bXpw ]®-sh-≈-hpw. Fß-s\sb-¶nepw D∏sb Is≠-Ø-Ww. AXp-hsc Ae-bp-I-Xs∂sb-∂X - m-bn-cp∂p Xocp-am-\w. tdmUns‚ Hmcw tN¿∂p \S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Hcp t_m¿Uv {i≤-bn¬ s]´p: "eq\m-‰nIv Asskew'. AhnsSbpw H∂p ]c-Xn-bm-se-¥m. Ip¥w t]mbm¬ IpS-Ønepw sXc-bW - s - a-∂m-Wt√m sNm√v. sKbn-‰n‚SpØv sN∂v hm®vta-t\mSv Adn-bm-hp∂ Cw•o-jpw lnμnbpw Iq´n-tbm-Pn∏n®v Imcy-߃ Xnc-°n. Rm≥ tIc-f-Øn¬ \n∂m-sW∂pw am\-knI tcmKn-bmb F‚p-∏sb Ipd-®p-apºv Cu ]´-WØn-se-hn-sStbm \jvSs - ∏-´X - m-sW∂pw CXn-\I - Øv H∂t\z-jn-°m≥ kuIcyw sNbvXp-X-c-Wsa∂pap≈ Fs‚ Bibw Abmƒs°m-cp-hn[w a\ n-em-°n-s°m-Sp-°m≥ Ign-™-Xn¬ F\n-s°-s∂-°p-dn®v aXn-∏p-tXm-∂n. "Xpw CZdo JUm-tlm-Pm...ssa ]qOvsI A`o BXm..' Abmƒ Imcy-߃ At\z-jn®v DSs\ Xncn-®p-h-cpsa∂pw AXp-hsc Rm\hnsS \n¬°-W-sa-∂p-am-W-Xns‚ kmc-sa∂p a\- n-em-°nb Rm≥ Ahn-sS-Øs∂ \n∂p. GXm\pw \nan-j-߃°p tijw Abmƒ Xncn-®p-h-∂n-´nßs\ ]d™p: "_øm sabn≥ hm¿U¿ CZ¿ \lo-sslw. Xpw tZm]-l¿sI _mZv Bthm. ssaw Pdq¿ aZZv Idqw-Km. tXcm \mw Hu¿ ]qcm -]X GIv ImKPv s] entJ tZI¿ Xpw A_v Pmthm'. Ahn-SsØ {][m\ hm¿U¿ ÿe-Øns√∂pw Rm≥ Fs‚ t]cpw hnem-k-hpw Fgp-Xn-s°m-SpØn´v X¬°mew aSßn D®-I-gn™v ho≠pw sN∂m¬ Abmƒ Fs‚ Imcy-Øn¬ Bhp-∂-sX√mw sNbvXp-X-cm-sa∂p-am-W-∏-d-™-sX∂p {Kln-®n´v Rm≥ Hcp IS-em-kn¬

157


t]cpw A{Ukpw Fgp-Xn-s°m-SpØv X¬°mew AhnsS \n¬°msX \SØw XpS¿∂p. XWp-∏p-Im-e-am-bn-cp∂p. sXcp-hn-eqsS t]mIp-∂-hsc-√mw kz‰dpw Xe-bn¬ tcma-sØm-∏ntbm a^vftdm c≠nsem∂pw [cn-®p-sIm-≠m-bn-cp∂p \S-∏v. Fs‚ ]°¬ XWp-∏n-s\-Xn-cmb bmsXmcp {]Xn-tcm-[m-bp-[-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cp∂n-√. CS-bv°nsS ioX-°m‰v tcma-Iq-]-ß-fn-eqsS ASn-®p-Ib-dp-∂-Xmbn A\p-`-h-s∏-´p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p. Rm≥ Hcp knKd‰p ]m°‰pw Xos∏-´nbpw hmßn eq\m-‰nIv Assk-eØn¬ \n∂-[nIw AI-se-b-√mØ Hcp ]ªnIv ]m¿°n¬ t]mbncp∂v knK-c‰v H∂n-\p-]p-dsI as‰m-∂mbn ]pI-®psIm-≠n-cp-∂p. a\- nse Akz-ÿX ]pI-®p-cp-fp-I-fm°n ]pd-Øp-hn-´t- ∏mƒ A¬]-sam-cm-izmkw In´p-∂X - p-t]mse tXm∂n. ]gpØv s]m´m-dmb {hWw s]m´n New ]pd-Øpt]m-Ip-tºm-gsØ Bizmkw t]mse. aq∂p amk-ambn a\- n¬ Atlm-cm{Xw Htc-sbmcp hnNm-c-am-bn-cp∂p Rm≥ sIm≠p-\-S-∂n-cp-∂-Xv. D∏sb Is≠-ØpI F∂ hnNm-cw. t]m°¿ lmPn-bpsS ]cm-XnbmWv A∂v B ISpwssI sNøm≥ Fs∂ \n¿_-‘n-X-\m°n-b-Xv. tImtfPv hn´p-h-cp∂ Ft∂mSv CØncn tIm]n-®psIm-≠mWv Abm-fXp ]d-™Xv: "\n‚p-∏ms\ s]mtc¬ sIm≠p-t]m-bm°n hmXn-eS®p ]m¿∏n-°p-∂-XmWv aq∏¿°pw A\°pw as‰-√m¿°pw \√-Xv. As√-¶n¬ \m´p-Im-cpsS X√pw IpØpw-sIm≠v Nmth≠ KXn-tI-Sn-em-hpw. ]ncm-¥m-bmepw ap≠mXow Bsf H∂pw Im´mXow \S-°t- Wm-cv≠v. CX-°q-´Ø - n-sem∂p-a-√. CXm Ct∏m Bƒ°m-tcm-S-Sn-]nSn IqSo-‰mWv B Ccn-°-WXv'. lmPn-bm-cpsS h¿Ø-am\w Xo¿∂n-√, At∏mtg°pw D∏ Iodn-∏-dn™ hkv{X-Ønepw apjn™ thjØn-ep-ambn ASp-tØ-°p-h-cp∂Xv Rm≥ {i≤n-®p. "I_otd C÷v tams‚m∏w s]co-t]m. shdvsX Bƒ°msc ta°v´v tIdmw-t]m-bm¬ Hmev A\°v ]ncm-¥m-s∂m∂pw t\m°q-e. thKw s]mbvt°m, C\n AhsS Ccp-∂m-a-Xn' F∂n-ßs\ ]d™v t]m°¿ lmPn D∏sb Fs∂ Iq´n-tb¬∏n®v Ipd®p-Zqcw ]n∂mse t]m∂v Rßsf hn´p-t]m-bn. `b-hn-lz-e\m-bn-´mWv Rm≥ A∂v D∏sb ]n¥p-S¿∂v ho´n-te°p t]m∂-Xv. ho´n-se-Ønb £W-Øn¬ D∏ DΩsb t{Zmln°m≥ XpS-ßn. DΩ F√mw kln®ncn°p∂Xv I≠n´v F\n°v kln-h-∂n-√. ]s£ kz¥w D∏-b-s√, Rm≥ XnI®pw \n -lm-b≥. s]ß-fpsS IeymWw H∂n-\p-]ndsI as‰m-∂mbn apS-ßn-s°m-≠n-cn-°p-∂X - mWv Fs∂ Gsd tcmjm-Ip-e-\m-°n-b-Xv. "{`m¥≥ I_o-dns‚ tam≥' F∂ F\n°p ss]Xr-I-ambn In´nb A]-c-\maw s]mdp°mw. ]s£ Fs‚ s]߃ F¥p ]ng®p? Ahƒ°v kuμ-cy-Ønt\m k¬kz-`m-hØ - nt\m hnZym-`ym-kØ - nt\m H∂n\pw Hcp Ipd-hp-an-√. D∏-sh® d∫¿ sh´n-Øp-S-ßn-btXmsS kmº-Øn-Ihpw Hcp {]iv\-as√-∂m-bn-cn°p-∂p. ]s£, {`m¥≥ I_o-dm-bn-cp∂p D∏. Rm≥ {`m¥≥ I_odns‚ tam≥. Fs‚ s]߃ {`m¥≥ I_o-dns‚ tamfpw. CXn-s\-s¥-¶nepw {]Xn-hn[n It≠ ]‰q F∂-Xm-bn-cp∂p Fs‚ Nn¥. H∂p-In¬ D∏ acn-°p-I, As√-¶n¬ \m´n¬ \n∂v A{]-Xy-£-\m-hp-I. Cu c≠n-sem∂p kw`-hn-s®-

148

158

¶nte Fs‚ s]ß-fpsS IeymWw \S°q F∂ {Iqc-amb kXyw Fs∂ th´-bm-Sn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. Hcp Znhkw Rm≥ Bcp-a-dn-bmsX _mw•q-cn-te°v c≠v s{Sbn≥ Sn°‰v _p°v sNbvXp. F∂n´v \n›nX Znhkw DΩ-tbm-Sp-t]mepw ]d-bmsX D∏-sb-°q´n _mw•q-cnte°v bm{X-bm-bn. D∏ H∂pw ]d-bmsX Rm≥ ]d-bp-∂sX√mw tI´-\p-k-cn®v Ft∂m-sSm∏w \oßn. ImeØv _mw•q-cn-se-Ønb Rm≥ D∏sb Hcn-S-Øn-cpØn t^m¨_q-Øn¬ sN∂v DΩbv°p t^m¨ sNbvXp. D∏sb ImWm-Xm-bn-cn-°p-∂p-sh∂pw Rm≥ D∏sb Xnc-™p-\S- ° - p∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ D∏ _mw•q¿ s{Sbn-\n\p Ib-dnb hnh-c-adn™p Atßm-´p-t]m-hp-Ib - m-sW-∂p-amWv X¬°mew DΩsb Adn-bn-®-Xv. A\¥cw D∏sb tlm´-en¬ Ib‰n \√ `£Ww hmßn-s°m-SpØv ]pd-Øn-dßn P\-Øn-c-°n\n-S-bn¬ D∏sb Isøm-gn®v Xncn-®p-t]m-∂p. D∏-bpsS Ioibn¬ Ipd-®p-]Ww \nt£-]n-°-W-sa-∂Xv Fs‚ Atß-b‰sØ B{K-l-am-bn-cp-∂p. ]s£,]Ww Ioi-bn-ep-≠m-bm¬ D∏ AsX¥p sNøp-sa∂ Nn¥-bm-W-Xn\p XS- -am-b-Xv. Hcp-]s£ Imiv I≠m¬ h√-t∏mgpw t\m¿a¬ ÿnXn-bnem-bm¬ DS-s\ \m´n-te-°p Xncn-s®-Øm\pw aXn-b-t√m. F¶n¬ Rm≥ sNbvXs - Xms° shdp-sX-bm-hp-Ibpw sNøpw. \m´n¬ Xncn-s®Øn D∏sb I≠p-In-´m≥ \S-Ønb Xo{h-{i-a-Øns‚ I≈-°Y henb s]mSn∏pw sXmßepw h®p-]n-Sn∏n®v DΩ-bpsS apºn-e-h-X-cn-∏n-®p. IY-bpsS IqsS IÆo¿IqSn hm¿Ø-t∏mƒ Rm≥ ]d-™-X-{Xbpw DΩ hnizkn-°p-I-Xs∂ sNbvXp. hmkvX-h-Øn¬ Fs‚ IÆo-cn¬ Im]-Sy-sam-´p-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂n-√. s]ß-fpsS IeymWw \S-°pI-sb∂ kZp-Zy-a-Øn¬ as‰-√m-Øn\pw \ymbo-I-c-W-ap-≈Xmbn F\n°p tXm∂n. F¶nepw F‚p∏ B \K-c-ØneqsS Fs∂bpw Xnc-™-e-bp-∂Xpw Hcp {`m¥-\mb D∏sb P\w t{Zmln-°p-∂-Xp-sa√mw Fs‚ a\- n-eqsS an∂n-s°m-≠n-cp-∂p. kz¥w ]nXm-hn-t\mSv At±-l-Øns‚ \n -lm-bm-hÿ - b - n¬ C{X-am{Xw {IqcX Im´m≥ tXm∂nb Fs‚ a\- ns‚ ZujvSytam¿Øv Rm≥ e÷n-°p-∂p-ap-≠mbn-cp-∂p. Znh-k-߃ Ign-™p. "{`m¥≥ I_o-dns‚ Xntcm[m\w' \m´n¬ hm¿Ø-bmbn ]c-∂p. {ItaW IpSpw-_-\mYs‚ ]Z-hn-bn¬ \m´p-Im-sc√mw Fs∂ {]Xn-jvTn-°m≥ XpS-ßn. Fs‚ s]ßsf F∂n-te°p tN¿Øn-bmWv ]n∂oSv Bfp-Iƒ ]d-™p-sIm-≠ncp-∂-Xv. {`m¥≥ I_odns‚ a°ƒ F∂ Zp¿ap{Z R߃°p amdn-°n-´n. AtXmsS s]ß-fpsS hnhm-l-Øn-\p≈ am¿Kw kpK-a-ambn. Xc-t°-Sn-√mØ Hcp `¿Øm-hns\ Ahƒ°p tXSn-∏nSn®v Rm≥ IeymWw Ign-∏n-®p. Ipd®p Imsi√mw ISw hs∂-¶nepw IeymWw hfsc `wKn-bmbn \S-∂p. IeymWw Ign™p aqt∂m \mtem amkw Ign-™pIm-Wpw, s]߃ Hcp Znhkw ho´n¬ h∂p. H∏w AhfpsS `¿Øm-hp-ap-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. D∏ A{]-Xy-£-\mbn amkß-fm-bn´pw Hcp hnh-c-hp-an-√mØ ÿnXn°v D∏-bpsS apX¬ Hml-cn-sh-°-W-sa∂ Unam‚ v Ccp-hcpw Fs‚bpw DΩ-bp-sS-bpw apºn¬ D∂-bn-®p. Rm\pw DΩbpw AXp-tI´v


kvXw`n-®p-t]m-bn. F\n°v D∏sb \mSp-I-S-Ønb Fs‚ {Iqc a\-kvIX F{Xtbm \n m-c-ambn tXm∂n. s]ß-fpsS hnhmlw \S-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ XS w amdn-°n-´p-∂-Xn-\mWv F‚p-∏sb Rm≥ \njvI-cpWw \mSp-I-SØn sXcp-hm-[m-c-am°n-b-Xv. F∂n-´n-t∏mƒ Ahƒ... CXv h√m-sØmcp temIw Xs∂. Rm≥ Nn¥m-a-·-\mbn F¥p sNø-W-sa-∂-Xn-s\mcp-Øcw In´m≥ [ym\n®v Gsd t\cw Aßs\ ]cn-k-ct_m-[-an-√msX Ccp-∂p-t]m-bn. Fs‚ s\©Iw IØp-∂Xp-t]m-se-bp≈ Hc-\p-`-h-am-bn-cp∂p AXv. "FSm, C÷v D∏ms\ H∂p-IqSn Xnc-™p-t\m-°v. Rm≥ D∏ms\ C∂-se-°qSn In\mhv I≠n-´p-≠v. D∏ Pohn®n-cn-°p-∂p≠v F∂v Rms\m-d-∏n®v ]d-bzm-Wv. sN∂p-t\m°v. D∏m°v {`m¥m-bXv C÷v Imc-W-Ømem...' "tM... Rm≥... Imc-W-Øm-tem? Rms\-ßs\ F‚p∏m°v {`m¥v ]nSn-°m≥ Imc-W-°m-c-\mbn..?' "Ccn-°v... AsXm° Rm\ns‚ a\- n¬ sh®n-cn°zm... C™n tIt´m-fow... C∂s‚ s]ß-fp-≠-t√m... D∏ms‚ kzØn\v h∂n-cn-°vWv... tIt´m-fow... F√mcpw tIt´m-fow: "As‚ h√yp-∏m°v sImsd samX-ev≠mbv∂p. h√yp∏ acn-®t∏m aqØm∏ kzsØms° A‚p-∏m°v H∂pw sImSp-°msX X´n-sb-Sp-Øp. Cs∂ tIt´yt∏m Int´y kv{Xo[t\mw ]≠-hpsams° FSpØn´mWv D∏ It®mSw sXmS-ßo-Xv' DΩ CS-°nsS X´w-sIm≠v IÆpw aq°pw XpS®pw \ndpØn-\n-dp-Ønbpw XpS¿∂p: ""It®m-sSms° \∂mbn \S-°n-Wos‚Sbn¬ Rm\s∂ s]‰p. Bkv]-{Xo-∂m-bn-cp∂p {]k-hw. AsXm°-ßs\ Ibn-™p. sImd®v sZhkw Ibn-™t∏m A\°v Ii-emb ]\n. ISpØ a™-∏n-Øw. AXv kpJ-ambn hcptºm-gmWv InUv\n°v sImb∏m-∂d - n-™X - v. Bkv]{- Xn-bn¬ sImtd-Imew IS-∂p. InUv\n am‰-W-∂mbn tUmIvS¿am-cv. D∏ms‚ InUv\ymWv A\°v am‰n sh®-Xv. InUv\n FSp°m-\p≈ Hm∏-td-j≥ Ibn™v s]md-Øp-h-∂t∏m D∏ms‚ Xmfw sX‰o-°p-Wp. tUmIvSsd ssIs]b Fs∂ms° Hmtcm-cp-Øcv ]d-™o-∂p. AsX-¥m-bmepw d∫ns‚ hn[nb-s√... s\‚p∏ A∂-p ap-X¬°mWv {`m¥\mbn amdn-b-Xv. AtXm≠v C÷v sXc-™p-sN-√v. D∏-√msX CΩms‚ Ip´n Cß´v hcq-em∂v Hd-∏n®v ]S-t®m-t\mSv ]d™v Fd-ßnt°m...' Aßs\bmWv Rm≥ ho≠pw _mw•q-cn-se-Øn-bn-

cn-°p-∂-Xv. F‚p-∏sb Is≠-Øot´ aSßq F∂ ZrV-\n-›b-tØm-sS. kabw aq∂p-a-Wn. Rm≥ eq\m-‰nIv Assk-eØns‚ hm®vam≥ D®bv°p tijw sN√m≥ ]d-™tXm¿Øp. \√ hni-∏p-≠v. ]s£ `£-W-tØm-Sp≈ B¿Ønsb Gsd ]n∂n-em-°p-∂-Xm-bn-cp-∂p D∏sb Is≠Øm-\p≈ B¿Øn. Rm≥ {ZpX-K-Xn-bn¬ Atßm-´p-\-S-∂p. "`øm... Ntem A¥¿ Ntem. sabn≥ hm¿U¿ DZ¿sslw. ssawt\ _mØv IoØo. D≥sI ]mkv Pm°¿ \mw _Xm-thm...-Hu¿ tZt°m tXcm _m]v DZ¿ ssl Iym?' AIØp sN∂v hm¿Usd I≠v D∏ AhnsS Dt≠m F∂v t\m°m≥ BZyw Fs‚ t]cv ]d-™p-sIm-Sp-°-Wsa∂p a\- n-em-°n-b-Xns‚ ASn-ÿm-\-Øn¬ Rm≥ Atßm-´p-\o-ßn. At±l-Øn\v t]cpw hnem-khpw ]d™p-sIm-Sp-Ø-t∏mƒ H‰°p ]m¿∏n-®n-cn-°p∂ Hcp At¥hm-kn-bpsS ASp-tØ-s°s∂ sIm≠p-t]m-bn. AsX, B Ccn-°p-∂Xv Fs‚ D∏ Xs∂. Rm≥ D∏m F∂v hnfn-®-Sp-tØ°v sN√m≥ t\m°p-tºmƒ hm¿U¿ XS-™p. "ASpØp sN∂m¬ D]-{Z-hn°pw. hn´p\n∂p I≠m¬ aXn' F∂m-bn-cp∂p B⁄. \Sp-tdm-UneqsS I≠-h-sc-sb√mw t{Zmln®p \S-°p-∂-Xn-\n-S-bn¬ Btcm ]nSn®v F‚p-∏sb AhnsS sIm≠p-sN-∂m-°n-b-XmsW∂pw NnIn-’bpw ]cn-N-c-W-hp-ambn Ct∏mƒ A{I-amk‡n Ipd-™n-´p-s≠-∂p-sa√mw eq\m-‰nIv Assk-eØns‚ \S-Øn∏p-Im¿ Ft∂mSp ]d-™p. D∏ ]s£ Fs∂ I≠ `mhw-t]mepw \Sn-°msX Aßs\ Ccp-∂-tX-bp-≈q. F¶nepw D∏sb Is≠-Ønb hnhcw Rm≥ DΩsb hnfn-®-dn-bn-®p. s]ß-sfbpw `¿Ømhn-s\bpw hnfn-®-dn-bn-®-t∏mƒ Ah-cpsS {]Xn-I-cWw A{X ck-Øn-em-bn-cp-∂n-√. Rm≥ eq\m-‰nIv Assk-e-Øns‚ A[n-Ir-X-tcmSv D∏sb ip{iq-jn®v \n¬°m-\p≈ Fs‚ k∂-≤X Adn-bn-®p. C∂v F‚p-∏sb Rm≥ Xncn-®-dn-™ncn-°p-∂p. ]s£ F\n°p _oP-mhm]w \¬In Fs‚ Poh≥ c£n-°m≥ th≠n kz¥w InUv\n-t]mepw \jvSs∏-Sp-Øm≥ k∂-≤-\mb F‚p∏ Fs∂ Xncn-®-dn-bmsX eq\m-‰nIv Assk-e-Ønse At¥-hm-kn-bm-bn-°-gn-bp∂p. Fs‚p∏sb Xncn-®-dn-hn-te°v Xncn-s®-Øn-°-tW F∂ {]m¿∞-\b - p-ambpw F‚p-Ωsb \m´n¬ X\n-®m°nt∏m∂-Xnep≈ t¢i-a-\p-`-hn-®p-sIm≠pw Rm\pw...

Biw-k-I-tfm-sS,

159


s\m¥p s]s‰m-c-Ωsb°pdn˛ s®¥p ]d-bm\m hm°p-I-fn¬ ? F¥pw ad-°m-\-dn-bp∂ lrZbw F¥pw s]mdp-°m≥ Ign-bp∂ am\kw AΩbv°p am{X-am-Wp-≈Xo temI-Øn˛ enΩ-´n-ep≈ a\ pw lrZ-b-hpw. AΩbn-√m-sØm-c\ - m-Ys - b-°m-Wp-In˛ eΩ-bp-≈-Xn≥ KpW-a-dn-™oSpw \mw. DZ-c-Øn-semcp sam´p Ipcp-Øm-e-Xn˛ -∂p-Zbw htc°pw thZ-\n-°-bmbv hf¿®-X≥ L´-ß-fn-sem-s°bpw hf-sc-°-cp-X-temsS Imh¬ \n¬°-bmbv \nßsf \nß-fm°n am‰n-b-b-Ω-sb, \nß-fp-d-ßm-\p-d-°-an-f-®-b-Ω-sb, \nß-fp-Æm-\mbp-Æm-Xn-cp-∂b - Ω - sb \nß-sf-ß-s\-b-I‰n hr≤-a-μn-cta-‰nSpw ? Bhptam \n߃°-Xn-\m-h-Xp≈ \mƒ ? Bhn-s√∂p ]d-bn-\m-h-s√∂p tXSp-hn≥. AΩn-™-X≥ am[p-cy-tam¿°p-In¬, AΩsb A`-b-ambv I≠Xv Nn¥n-°p-In¬, Bhptam \n߃°-Xn-\m-h-Xp≈ \mƒ ? Bhn-s√∂p ]d-bn-\m-h-s√∂p tXSp-hn≥!

150

160

tciva ]n. c≠mw h¿j _n.-F. Cw•ojv


kz¿§-Ønse I´p-dpºv apl-ΩZv Alvk≥ sI. _n.-F-kv.-kn. ^nkn-Ivkv. t^m¿Øv ska-ÿ

""tamtf... H∂n-ß-´n-d-ßn-hm...'' apI-fn-te°v apJ-ap-b¿Øn Abmƒ \o´n hnfn-®p. aq∂p h¿j-Øn\p tijw Kƒ^n¬ \n∂p \m´n-se-Øp-tºmƒ Xs‚ {]nb-s∏´ tamsf Abmƒ hnam-\-Øm-h-f-Øn¬ {]Xo-£n-®n-cp∂p. ]s£, Ahƒ°m Znh-khpw kvs]jy¬ ¢m m-bn-cp-∂p-h-s{X. \m´n-te°v ]pd-s∏-Sm≥ Xocpam-\n-®Xp apX¬ FØn-bn´v tamtfmSv ]d-bm\pw tNmZn-°m-\p-ap≈ Imcy߃ Abmƒ a\- n¬ ASp-°n-sh°m≥ XpS-ßn-b-Xm-Wv. ]T-\-Im-cyw, Ieym-W-°m-cyw... Aßs\ ]e-Xpw. ]s£ FØn HcmgvNtbm-f-am-bn´pw Abmƒ°-Xn\p kabw Xc-s∏´p In´n-bn-´n√. hntZ-iØp \n∂p hmßn-t∏m∂ ]e km[-\-ßfpw AXm-Xns‚ Ah-Im-in-Iƒs°Øn®p-sIm-Sp-°p∂ Xnc-°n-em-bn-cp-∂p Abmƒ h∂Xp apX¬°v. Ah-fmsW-¶n¬ tImtfPv hn´v ho´n-se-Øp∂Xv hfsc sshIn-bn-´m-Wv. h∂m¬ Xs∂ amfn-I-ap-I-fn-tes°mcp Ib-‰-am-Wv. \qdp-Iq´w ]Wn ImWpw. Assk≥sa‚pw tlmw h¿°pw hmb-\bpw Xs∂. Ah-fpsS CjvS-tImgvkv Xs∂-bm-hs´ ]Tn-°p∂sX∂p Icp-Xn-bmWv A{Xbpw Zqsc-bp≈ B tImtfPv Xs∂ Xncs™-Sp-ØX - v. bm{Xm-t¢iw ImcWw tlmÃ-en¬ \n¬°m≥ Ahƒ ]e XhW kΩXw tNmZn-®n-cp-∂p. ]s£ Abmƒt°m `mcyt°m kΩXw sImSp-°m≥ a\ p h∂n-√. "F¥m Cu s]¨Ip´n hnfn-

®n´v Cd-ßn-h-cm-ØXv ? _m∏ms\ th≠m-Xmtbm ? apsºms° Rm≥ \m´n-se-Øn-bm¬ UmUo UmUo∂pw ]d™v H∏w Xt∂-cv∂-t√m. C∏-sf¥m-ßs\ ? \msf Rmb-dm-gvN-b-t√, sNøm-\v≈s - Xms° ]I¬ sNbvXqsS' ? Abm-fpsS ]cmXn tI´v `mcy \o´nhnfn®p, "FSo tamtf, Cs÷¥vSv°zm? _m∏yt√ Cu hnfn°vWv? Hd-ßntbm, Cdßn h∂m. _m∏m-s°-s¥m-s°tbm tNmbv°m\pw ]d-bm-\pw-≠-s{X.' XpS¿∂v ]Xps° Abm-tfmSv : "Hmsf {]mIvSn-°-sems° Iøptºm hfsc sshIq-s{X. h∂n´v h√Xpw Ign-®m-em-bn. ]ns∂ tamfn¬s°mcp Ib-‰m, B apdose sse‰v F∏fm sISmdv ? RmΩnWn ]Tn-t∏ysc

I≠v°vW - v, Cß-s\m-scm-bn-hn-√mØ ]Tn∏v Rms\-_Sow I≠v´v-√m..' Abmƒ, Rms\m∂v Ib-dnt\m-°-s´∂pw ]d™v tImWn-∏Sn ]Xps° Nhn´n apI-fn-te°v Ib-dn. "tamtf' F∂ hnfn Ahsf sR´n®p. ]cn-{`-an-s®-Wo‰ Ah-fpsS Iøn¬ samss_¬ t^m¨ Xnf-ßn. AhfpsS apJsØ `mh-am-‰-sam∂pw Imcy-am-°msX "tamƒ XmgØv°v hm, DΩm\ow Iq´n sImd®v h¿Øm\w ]d-™n-cn-°mw. \msf Rmb-dm-gvN-b-s√, Hgn-hm-W-t√m.' F∂v ]d™v ]Xps° Iogvt∏m-´n-dßn-s°m-≠n-cp-∂-t∏mgpw Ahƒ samss_-ens‚ Io∏mUn¬ Aa¿Øp-I-bm-bn-cp-∂p. ""AXvß´v ImWn®m'' F∂v ]d™v Abmƒ Ah-fpsS Iøn¬ \n∂v samss_¬ ]nSn®p hmßn. s]s´∂v AXbm-fpsS Iøn-en-cp∂v Xcn-®p. Abmƒ kv{Io\n-te°v t\m°n, ""h¨ sat Pv dnkohvUv.'' Abmƒ tImWn-∏Sn Cd-ßp-∂-Xn-\n-Sbn¬ AXnse ktμiw hmbn®p : ""sS¬ bph¿ _nK-‰¿, tUm¨ _n F tPmbvIn-√¿.'' (\ns‚ X¥-∏pSn-tbmSp ]d, kz¿§Ønse I´p-dp-ºm-Is√ F∂v) Abmƒ t^m¨ Ah-fpsS Iøn¬ sImSpØv Ahsf Xd-∏ns®m∂p t\m°n ]qap-JsØ Nmcp-Itk-c-bn-en-cp∂v hnXp-ºm≥ XpS-ßn. Ah-fpsS ssI At∏mgpw Io∏mUn¬ Aa¿∂p-sIm-≠n-cp-∂p.

161


sh√p-hn-fn-°-s∏-Sp∂ kam-[m-\m-¥-co£w

epJvam-\p¬ l°ow sI. sset{_-dn-b≥ F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn.

a\p-jy-sc-√m-hcpw {]IrXym kam-[m-\-Imw-£nI-fm-sW-∂mWv hbv∏v. kam-[m-\-tØm-Sp-Iq-Snb kmaqlnI Pohn-Xs - a-∂Xv F√m-hc - p-sSbpw kz]v\hpw hmKvZm\-hp-am-bn-´mWv ]d-bm-d.v F∂n´v F¥p-sIm-≠mWv temIØns‚ \m\m-`m-KØpw A{I-aß - ƒ \S-am-Sp-∂X - ?v kmaqlnI t{Zmln-Iƒ F∂p ap{Z-Ip-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂-h¿ am-{X-a√, cmjv{So-b-°mcpw kmwkvIm-cnI {]h¿Ø-Icpw aXkw-LS- \ - ° - m-cp-amb hn`m-Kß - f - n¬ \n∂p-t]mepw A{Ia-{]-h¿Ø-\-ßfpw kam-[m\ ewL-\-ß-fpw \nb-a-hncp≤ \o°-ßfpw D≠m-hp-∂p. CsX-¥p-sIm-≠v? Xo{h-hmZw, `oI-c-hmZw F∂nßs\-bp≈ ]Z{]-tbm-Kß - ƒ ]e-t∏m-gpw tN¿Øp-]d - b - p-∂Xv aX-tØmSm-sW-∂Xv (a-X-Xo-{h-hmZw F∂ {]tbmKw Hm¿°p-I) Fs¥mcp hntcm- [ m- ` m- k - a m- W v ! kam- [ m- \ - Ø n\pw kulm¿±-Øn\pw A{I-a-cm-ln-Xy-Øn\pw th≠n \nesIm-≈p-Ibpw {]h¿Øn-°p-Ibpw sNtø≠ aXm-\p-bmbn-Iƒ Xß-fpsS k¶p-NnX Xm¬]-cy-߃°mbn A{Ia-Øns‚ ]mX kzoI-cn-°p-∂p-sh-¶n¬ Ah-cpsS aXhn-izmkw Bflm¿∞-Xt- bm-Sp-Iq-Sn-bX - m-hn-s√∂p Xo¿®.

152

162


Xß-fpsS aX-hn-izm-kØ - n\v Ah-cn¬ bmsXmcp hn[ kzm[o-\hpw sNepØm≥ Ign-™n-cn-°n-s√∂v kqN-\. C∂v temIw A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-®psIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ G‰hpw henb `ojWn-bm-bmWv Xo{h-hmZw hne-bn-cp-Øs∏-Sp-∂-Xv. cmjv{Sob e£y-Øn-\mbn A{I-a-am¿Kw kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\mWv s]mXpth Xo{h-hmZw F∂p ]d-bp-∂Xv. `oI-ch - mZw F∂p ]d-bp-∂X - pw AXn\p- X - s ∂. 2001 sk]v ‰ w- _ ¿ 11 \v \yqtbm¿°nse thƒUv t{SUv sk‚¿ XI¿°-s∏´ kw`-hØ - n\v tij-amWv BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ Cu ]Z-{]-tbm-K߃ Gsd Ip{]-Nc - n-Xa - m-bn-Øo¿∂-X.v F∂m¬ \ΩpsS amXr-cm-Py-amb C¥y AXn\pw F{Xtbm apºv apX¬°v `oIc-hm-ZØ - n-s‚bpw Xo{h-hm-ZØ - n-s‚bpw sISp-Xn-Iƒ A\p-`h - n-°m≥ XpS-ßn-bXm-Wv. cmPy-Øn\v {_n´o-jp-Im-cn¬ \n∂v kzmX{¥yw e`n®v Hcp h¿jwt]mepw XnI-™n√, At∏m-gt- Ø°pw cmjv{S-]n-Xm-hn-s\-Xs∂ shSn-sh-®psIm-∂p-sIm-≠mWv \mYqdmw tKmUvtk F∂ `oI-ch - mZn aXXo{h-Xb - psS `oIc apJw AXns‚ hniz-cq-]Ø - n¬ ChnsS \ap°v ImWn-®p-X-∂-Xv. ]©m-_nse Jen-ÿm≥ hmZn-I-fpsS `oI-cX {ioaXn CμncmKm‘n-sbbpw Xangv Cugw `oI-cX {ioam≥ cmPohv Km‘n-sbbpw l\n®p If-™-Xn\pw \ap°v IÆotcmsS km£n-bm-tI-≠n-h∂ - p. PΩp-Imivao-cn¬ kam-[m-\m-¥-co£w Xncn-®psIm-≠p-h-cm≥ C¥y≥ ]m¿e-sa‚wKß-fpsS {]Xn-\n-[n-Iƒ B {]tZiw kμ¿in-®Xv Cubn-sS-bm-Wv. ]s£ Xo{h-hm-Zn-I-fpsS t\Xm-°ƒ D∂-bn°p∂ Unam‚p-Iƒ C¥ybpsS AJfi-Xbv°v tbmPn-°m-ØX - m-bX - n-\m¬ CØcw {ia-ßs - fm∂pw hnP-bn-°msX

t]mhp-Ib - m-Wv. ^e-tam, \nc-]c - m-[n-Ifpw A]-cm-[n-Ifpw Hcp-t]mse Znt\\ sIm√-s∏-Sp∂ ÿnXn \ne-\n¬°p∂p. e£-߃ hcp∂ ]´m-fsØ Xo‰nt∏m- t ‰≠nhcp- ∂ - X n- \ m¬ `oa- a mb kmº-ØnI _m[yX thsd-bpw. Bkm-an¬ Dƒ^bpw \mKmem‚n¬ \mKm- H-fn-tk-\bpw Xan-gv\m´n¬ {ioe-¶-bnse F¬.-‰n.-Sn.-C.-bpsS A\p-Iq-en-Ifpw _olm-dnepw a‰pw amthm-hm-Zn-Ifpw `oI-c-X-bpsS h‡m°-fmbn cwK-Øp-≠.v Xangv\m´n¬ A¬˛-DΩ F∂ kwL-S-\-bmWv apkvenw Xo{h-hm-ZsØ {]Xn-\n-[m\w sNbvXv cwK- Ø p- ≠ m- b n- c p- ∂ - X v. ]s£ {]kvXpX kwL-S-\-bpsS ap≥\nc t\Xm-°ƒ Pbn-en-e-S-°-s∏-Sp-Itbm sIm√-s∏-Sp-Itbm sNbvXt- XmsS AhcpsS {]h¿Ø\w \n¿ho- c y- a m- b n. F¶nepw Ah-cn¬ \n∂v Bthiw kzoI-cn® Nne hy‡n-Iƒ tIc-fØnepw Nne Ne-\ß - ƒ krjvSn-°m≥ t\m°n. `mKy-Øn\v tIc-fØ - ns‚ ]cº-cm-KX kmaq-lnI a\ v aX-kulm¿±-Ønepw kam-[m-\Ø - nepw A[njvTn-X-am-b-Xn-\m¬ Ah¿°p s]´-∂pXs∂ ]Øn XmgvtØ-≠n-hc - n-Ib - m-Wp≠m-b-Xv. alm-cm-jv{S-bnse `oI-c-XbpsS thcp-Iƒ tXSn-bm¬ F∂pw `oIc- X - s bbpw {]mtZ- i nI ]£- ] m- X sØbpw Xmtem-en®v t]m∂n´p≈ inh-tk-\b - n-te°v Ah \o≠p-t]m-Ip∂-Xmbn ImWmw. XmPvtlm-´e - n-sebpw a‰pw `oI-cm-{I-a-Ww AXns‚ apºn¬ \s∂ sNdp-Xmbn Npcp-ßpw. KpP-dmØnse `oIcX XnI®pw hyXy-kvXamb `c- W - I qS `oI- c - X - b m- W v. kwÿm\w `cn-®p-t]mcp∂ apJy-a{¥nbpw B`y-¥-c-a-{¥nbpw AS°w `oI-c-X-bpsS Bƒcq-]-ß-fmbn \nb-a-

C∂v temIw A`n-ap-Jo-I-cn-®p-sIm-≠n-cn-°p∂ G‰hpw henb `ojWn-bm-bmWv Xo{h-hmZw hne-bn-cp-Ø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xv. cmjv{Sob e£yØn-\mbn A{I-a-am¿Kw kzoI-cn-°p-∂-Xn-\mWv s]mXpth Xo{hhmZw F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xv. `oI-c-hmZw F∂p ]d-bp-∂-Xpw AXn\p-X-s∂. 2001 sk]v‰w-_¿ 11 \v \yqtbm¿°nse thƒUv t{SUv sk‚¿ XI¿°-s∏´ kw`-h-Øn\v tij-amWv BtKm-f-X-e-Øn¬ Cu ]Z-{]-tbm-K-߃ Gsd Ip{]-N-cn-X-am-bn-Øo¿∂-Xv.

Øn-\p-ap-ºn¬ {]Xn-°q-´n-emWp≈Xv F∂-dn-bp-tºmƒ C¥y≥ P\m-[n-]X - yØns‚ Idp-Ø -apJw \ap°v e÷tbmsS ImtW-≠n-hc - n-Ib - m-Wv. tIc-f-Øns‚ aÆv Hcn-°epw `oI-cX - °v hf-°q-dp-≈X - m-bn-´n-√. AXpsIm-≠mWv B hgn-°p≈ H‰-s∏´ {ia߃ ]e-t∏mgpw ChnsS Ac-tß-dm≥ t\m°n-bn´pw hnP-bn-°msX t]mIp-∂Xv. `oI-c-X-bpsS e£yw cmjv{So-b-amsW-¶nepw apJw Acm-jv{So-b-am-Wv. F∂m¬ Acm-{„ob apJ-aWn™v ChnsS {]h¿Øn®p XpS-ßnb aX-auenI hmZn-Iƒ°pw IΩyq-WnÃv auenI hmZn-Iƒ°p-sa√mw Gsd Ign-bp-∂Xn\v apºv P\m-[n-]Xy kwhn-[m-\Øn¬ A{U- p-≠m-t°≠n hcp-∂p-sh∂Xv CXn\v H∂m-¥cw sXfn-hm-Wv. cmjv{Sob kwL-S\ - I - s - fbpw Ah-bpsS sIm≈-cp-Xm-bva-sbbpw Nq≠n-°m´n ChnsS hf¿∂p- h - c m≥ {ian- ® h¿s°√mw AtX kz`m-h-Øn-ep≈ cmjv{Sob I£n-If - mbn {]Xy-£s - ∏-tS≠n-h-∂-Xm-W-\p-`-hw. {]Xy-£-Øn¬ `oI-cX - s - bbpw Xo{h-Xs - bbpw ]gn-°p∂-hc - mWv \ΩpsS cmjv{So-b] - m¿´n-°msc-¶nepw Ah¿ krjvSn-°p∂ `oI-cXbpw Xo{h-Xbpw km[m-cW `oI-ch - mZn- I - s f∂pw Xo{h- h m- Z n- I - s f∂pw hntijn- ∏ n- ° - s ∏- S p- ∂ - h - t c- ° mfpw F{Xtbm hep-Xm-Wv. IÆq-cnepw ]cnk- c - ß - f nepw a‰pw \S- ° m- d p≈ cmjv{Sob kwL-´-\-ß-fnepw \m´nse sXmgn¬{]t£m-`-ß-fnepw ka-c-ßfnepw hminbpw a’-chpw aqØv \S°m-dp≈ Iøm-¶f - n-If - n-ep-sa√mw F{Xsb{X Poh-\-jvShpw apX¬ \jvS-hpap-≠m-Im-dp-≠v. t\Xm-°-fpsS AdnthmSpw kΩ- X - t ØmSpw Hcp- t hf Blzm-\a - \ - p-kc - n®pw \S-°p-∂X - m-Wnh-sb∂p hy‡w. AXym¿Øn°pw sshIm-cn-IX°pw hg-ßnbpw hgn-]n-g-∏n-°-epIƒ°v hgn-s∏-´p-amWv a\-pjy¿ A{Ia-Øn-te°pw `oI-c-{]-h¿Ø-\-Ønte°pw \oßp-∂-Xv. GXv cmPyØv Pohn-°p-∂h - ¿°pw Xß-fpsS Np‰p-]mSp- I - f n¬ ]e- h n[ kΩ¿±- ß ƒ°p hnt[-bc - m-tI-≠n-hc - pw. cmjv{Sob {]iv\ß-fn-√mØ cmjv{S-an-√. `c-W-Iq-S-ßfn¬ \n∂v IqSp-X¬ kzmX-{¥yhpw IqSp-X¬ IqSp-X¬ kuI-cy-ßfpw In´-

163


W-sa-∂m-bn-cn°pw GXv cmPy-sØbpw ]uc≥am¿ B{K-ln-°p-I. Ah A\ph-Zn®p In´msX hcp-tºmƒ H∂p-In¬ {]Xn-tj-[n-°m≥ As√-¶n¬ Bh-iyß-fp-sS-t\sc {i≤-bm-I¿jn-°m≥ Ah¿ _ pw a‰p hml-\-ßfpw XSbpI, Ah IØn-°pI, sI´n-Sß - ƒ°v t_mw_v sh°pI, tÃj-\p-I-fn¬ kvt^mS-\a - p-≠m-°p-I, hnam-\Ø - m-hf - ß- f nepw a‰pw Ac- £ n- X m- h ÿ krjvSn-°pI XpS-ßn-bh - b - n-eqsS {ian°p∂p. Ah¿ D∂-bn-°p∂ Unam‚pIƒ Nne-t∏mƒ A{]m-tbm-Kn-Iß - f - m-bncn-°mw. Nne-t∏mƒ Abp-‡n-I-ß-fmbn-cn-°mw. Nne-t∏m¬ cmjv{S-Øn-s‚bpw P\- ß - f p- s Sbpw s]mXp- X m¬]- c y߃s°-Xn-cm-bn-cn-°mw. CsXm-∂p-as - √¶n¬ kmh-Imiw th≠n-h-cp-∂-Xm-bncn-°mw. ]s£ Unam‚p-Im¿°v XßfpsS Unam‚m-bn-cn°pw k¿tΔm-]cn hep-Xv. AXv DS-\Sn \S-∂p-I-≠n-s√¶n¬ Ah¿ {]tIm-]n-Xcpw {]£p_v[cpw Aßs\ `oI-c-cp-ambn amdp∂p. Aßs\ P\- P o- h n- X - Ø ns‚ im¥nbpw kam-[m-\hpw XI¿°m≥ t\m°p-∂p. `oI-c-X-bpsS ImcWw Is≠Øp-∂-hcpw AXn\v {]Xnhn[n \n¿t±in-°p-∂-hcpw ]e-t∏mgpw ImWmsX t]mIp∂ Hcp Imcy-ap-≠v. `c-W-IqS `oI-c-X-s°-Xn-cm-bp≈ {]Xn-I-c-W-ambmWv Nne-bn-S-ß-fn-se-¶nepw `oI-cX D¤-hn-°p-∂Xv F∂-Xm-WX - v. a[y-]uckvXy tZisØ `oI-c-X-bpsS DZm-lc- W - ß - f n¬ FÆ- s ∏- S m- d p≈XmWv lnkv_p-≈bpw lam-kpw. C{km-tb-

154

`c-W-IqS `oI-c-X-s°-Xn-cm-bp≈ {]Xn-I-c-W-am-bmWv Nne-bn-Sß-fn-se-¶nepw `oI-cX D¤-hn-°p-∂Xv F∂-Xm-WX - v. a[y-]u-cÿy tZisØ `oI-c-X-bpsS DZm-l-c-W-ß-fn¬ FÆ-s∏-Sm-dp≈XmWv lnkv_p-≈bpw lam-kpw. C{km-tb-ens‚ sImSpw-`o-I-c-X-tbmSp≈ {]Xn-I-c-W-ß-fmWo c≠v kwL-S-\-Ifpw F∂ Imcyw hnkva-cn-°-s∏-Sp-I-bm-Wn-hn-sS. ens‚ sImSpw-`o-I-c-X-tbm-Sp≈ {]XnI-c-W-ß-fmWo c≠v kwL-S-\-Ifpw F∂ Imcyw hnkvac - n-°s - ∏-Sp-Ib - m-Wnhn-sS. BtKm-fX - e - Ø - n¬ `oI-cX - b - psS ]pI-ad krjvSn®v kz¥w Xm¬]-cy߃ sImøm-\p≈ km{am-Py-i-‡n-IfpsS Ip’nX {ia- ß - f pw thWw Nn¥m-hn-j-b-am-°m≥. sk]v‰w-_¿ 11 kn.-sF.-F. bpsS krjvSn-bm-sW∂v A`n-{]m-bs - ∏-´Xv temI-cm-jv{S-ßf - psS t\Xm-°f - m-sW-∂X - n-\m¬ AXpw ]cntim-[n-°s - ∏-tS-≠X - p-Xs - ∂. P∏m≥ `cW-I-£n-bmb sUtam-{Im-‰nIv ]m¿´nbpsS Xe-h≥ bpInj ^pPn-X, Cdm≥ {]kn-U‚ v alvaqZv Al-ΩZn \nPm-Zv, sh\t- k ze {]kn- U ‚ v lyqtKm jmth-kv, Cw•-≠n¬ tSmWn-ª-b¿ Im_n-\-‰n¬ ]cn-ÿnXn a{¥n-bm-bncp∂ ssa°nƒ ao®¿ XpS-ßn-b-h¿ Nn√-d° - m-c√ - t- √m. Ch-sc√mw Aßs\ A`n-{]m-bs - ∏-´n-´p- ≈-hc - m-Wv. Npcp-°Ø - n¬ kam-[m-\] - q¿Æambn Pohn-°m-\p≈ a\p-jys‚ P∑mh-Imiw sh√p-hn-fn-°s - ∏-Sp-Ibpw `ojWn-°n-cb - m-°s - ∏-Sp-Ibpw sNøp∂ Hcp

temI-Øn-emWv hnh-ck - m-t¶XnI hnZybpsS AXy-`q-X-]q¿Δ-amb hf¿®-°nS-bnepw sIm´n-tLm-jn-°s - ∏-Sp∂ \mKcn-IXm hmZ-Øn-\n-S-bn-epw a\p-jy-cmin°v Ign-™p-Iq-tS≠n hcp-∂X - v. a\pjys‚ AXym¿Øn°pw hnI- k \ taml-Øn\pw sshIm-cn-Ia - mb {]tNmZ-\ß - ƒ°pw ]c-t{Zml Nn¥°pw ISn™m-Wn-´p-]n-Sn®v am\-hnI Nn¥-bpsS hnim-eX - b - n-te°pw hnth-I] - q¿Æ-amb \ne-]m-Sp-I-fn-te°pw km¿Δ-eu-InI kmtlm- Z cy t_m[- Ø n- t e°pw k¿tΔm-]cn {]iv\ß - t- fm-Sp≈ Alnwkm-flI - a - mb {]Xn-Ic - W - ß - f - n-te-°pw Ahs\ \bn- ° p∂ Hcp {]Xyb imkv{X-t_m[w Ah-\n¬ k∂n-th-in∏n-°p-∂-Xn-\p≈ bXv\-Øn-eq-sStb CXn-s\√mw Hc-f-thm-f-sa-¶nepw {]Xnhn[n ImWm≥ Ign-bp-I-bp-≈q. Cu bmYm¿∞y-sØ-°p-dn-®p≈ Xncn-®d - n-hnte°v \map-W-cp-∂Xv F{X-tØmfw thK-Øn-emtWm A{Xbpw thK-Øn¬ temIw kpc-£n-XX - z-tØmSpw kam-[m\-tØmSpw ASp-Øp-sIm-≠n-cn-°pw.


So¨nwKv dntl-gvk dioZ F≥. Cw•ojv en‰-td-®¿ 2007-˛09

Hc-·n-]-co£ Ign™p hnP-b-{io-em-fn-X-bmb {]XoXn-tbm-sS-bmWv So®¿]cn-io-e\ - Ø - ns‚ \mfp-It- fmSv hnS-sNm√n ho´n-se-Øn-b-Xv. F∂pw s\©n-Sn-t∏m-sS-bm-bn-cp∂p s{Sbn\nwKv ¢mknse Ccp-Øw. ]cn-io-e\ - Ø - n-\mbn kl-]m-Tn-Isf sNdnb Ip´n- I - f mbn k¶¬∏n- ° m\pw Ah- t cmSv "KpUvtam¿WnwKv' sNm√n ¢mkn-seØn Ipi-em-t\z-jW - ß - ƒ \S-Øn-b-Xn\p tijw FgpXn Xøm-dm-°nb ]≤-Xn-{]-Imcw Ah-cpsS {i≤bpw Xm¬]-cyhpw £Wn-®p-h-cpØn AS-°nbn-cpØn Hmtcm hnj-bß - sf ASn-ÿm-\a - m°n ¢msk-Sp-°m\p-sams° Fs¥mcp ]mSm-bn-cp∂p! kl-]m-Tn-Iƒ kl-Icn-°p-∂-Xp-sIm≠v F√mw `wKn-bmbn \S-∂p. C\n-bn-t∏mƒ ]cn-io-en-®Xv ]b-‰m-\p≈ \mfp-If - mWv apºn¬ hcm≥ t]mIp∂-Xv. CXp-hsc dntl-gvk-em-bn-cp-∂p. A`n-\bw C\n-b-tßm´p-≈X - m-W.v hnZym¿∞n Pohn-XØ - ns‚ Imew F{X-th-KØ - n-emWv IS-∂p-t]m-b-Xv! Pohn-X-Øn-te°pw a\- n-te°pw Kuchw IpØn \nd-t°-≠n-hcp∂ \mfp-I-fm-Wn-\n-bp-≈-Xv. Iem-eb Zn\-ß-fnse kulr-Z-߃°v ]e h¿Æ-ß-fp-≠m-bn-cp-∂p. DW-cp∂ D√m-k-߃-, -In-\m-hp-I-fpsS Dujva-f-X-, -I-tem-’h-ßf - psS l¿j-]p-fI-ßfpw ]p©ncn s]m´n-®n-cn-bm-Zn-If - pw... Hm¿°p-tºmƒ BZyw a\- n¬ a[pcw In\nbpw. ]n∂oSv \jvSt_m-[-Øm¬ IÆp-Iƒ Pem¿{Z-am-Ipw. ISpØ am\-knI kwL¿j-ß-fp-≠m-Ip-tºmƒ kvt\l-Øns‚ sh©m-acw sIm≠v hoin-Ø-Wp-∏n®p Xcm≥ F{X-sb{X Iq´p-Im-cn-I-fmbn-cp∂p kao-]-Øv. A[ym-]-I-cpsS ]cn-K-W-\-tbm-sS-bp≈ t\m´w F{X-bmWp In´n-bXv! Ign-hp-tI-Sp-I-tfm-sSm∏w Ignhp-Ifpw Xncn-®-dn-bm≥ AXv \∂mbn D]-I-cn-®p. PohnX Zp:Jß-fp-ambn H‰-s∏-Sm≥ Ah-k-cta e`n-®n-cp-∂n-√. GIm¥-Xb - n¬ Ic-™p-If - t- b≠ hnj-aß - f - {- Xbpw kulm¿±m-¥co-£Ø - n¬ Nncn-®p-If - t- b≠ ÿnXn-bm-bn-cp-∂p. Ip∂v X - m≠n tImtf-Pn-te°p Ib-dn-s®-√p-tºm-gsØ t¢ihpw Cd-ßn-t∏mcp-tºm-gsØ A\m-bm-kX - bpw aq∂m-≠p-If - nse apJy A\p`-h-am-bn-cp-∂p. Adn-hns‚ Hu∂Xy-sØbpw Adn-hn¬

\n∂p≈ Cd-°-Øn-s‚ \oN-Xz-sØbpw AXv i‡-ambn {]Xo-Ih¬I-cn-®p. ASpØ B{ibw ]n.-F-kv.-kn. tbm amt\-Pvsat‚m? BZy-tØXn\v C\nbpw Hcp]mSv hmbn-®p-≠m-°-Ww. c≠m-atØ-XmsW-¶ntem, [mcmfw Imip-≠m-°W - w. C{Xbpw Imew sNe-h-gn®hsc-s°m≠v C\nbpw sNe-h-gn-∏n-°p-∂-Xn-ep≈ a\:t¢iw amt\-Pvsa‚n-t\mSv hnap-J-X-bp-≠m-°p-∂p. ]n.-Fkv.-kn.bmIs´ Hcp `mKy-]-co£ IqSn-bm-Wv. GXm-bmepw X¬°mew Hcp ss{]h-‰n-te°v £Wn-°-s∏-´n-´p-≠v. \msfbmWv Atßm-´p≈ BZy Im¬sh-bv∏v. H∂m-asØ ]ocn-b-Unse H∂m-asØ \nan-ja - mWv a\- p-\n-ds - b. _n.-FUv. Ign™p-sh-∂-sXms° t\cv. sskt°m-f-Pn-bn-em-hs´ \√ anSp°pw ImWn-®n-cp-∂p. ]s£ {]mtbm-KnI Xe-Øn¬ kn≤m¥-߃ ]e-t∏mgpw ]cm-Pb - s - ∏-Sm-dp-≠.v GtXm \m´nepw Np‰p]m-Snepw sh®v Fgp-Xs - ∏´ sskt°m-fP - n-bn¬ ]d-bp∂ Imcy߃°v Rm≥ FØn-s∏-Sp-∂ ÿm]-\Ø - ns‚ khn-ti-jX - I-fp-ambn XnI™ kmayw ImW-Wsa-∂n-√t- √m. hnZym¿∞n-bm-bn-cp-∂-t∏mƒ A≤ym-]-I¿ BZy-ambn ¢mkn-te°p IS-∂p-h∂ kμ¿`-ß-tfm-tcm-∂pw a\- n¬ Hm¿Ωn-®p-t\m°n s]mSn -X-´n-sb-Sp-°m-\p≈ ITn-\-{i-a-Ønte¿s∏-Sp-Ib - m-W.v BZy-ambn h∂ Hcp So®¿ henb B¨Ip´n-Isf I≠-t∏mƒ e÷n®v hnfdn Hcp tim`-bn-√mØ NncntbmsS Xe-I-dßn hogm≥ t]mbXpw s]s´∂v Itk-c-bn-encp-∂-Xn-\m¬ hogvN Hgn-hm-b-Xp-amb Hm¿Ω-bmWv BZyw a\ n-te°v h∂-Xv. Aßs\ ¢m pI-fn¬ \S∂ kw`-h-߃ hgn-°p-hg- n-bmbn a\- n-eqsS IS-∂p-t]m-bn. ]s£, t\csØ Xe-I-d-ßnb So®-dpƒs∏sS F√m-hcpw ]cn-N-b-am-b-t∏mƒ G‰hpw \∂mbn tim`n-®-Xm-bn-cp∂p ]n∂sØ A\p-`-hw. AXn-\m¬ Cu GIm-¥-cm{Xn-bn¬ Hcp So®nwKv dntl-gvk¬ \S-Øn-bm-se-¥m-sW-∂mWv Nn¥n-°p-∂X - .v tamU-embn A≤yb-\I - m-eØv Ip´n-If - psS a\- n¬ lotdm Bbn-cp∂ A≤ym]-I-s\-sb-Sp-°p-Ibpw sNømw. XnI™ Hcp {U v dntlgvk¬!

165


Imºkv... {]nb Imºkv... kpssle kn.sI ss^\¬ _n.-F.- Cw•ojv

156

A∂v sImSpw ag-bØv IpS NqSn ]mXn \\™v Rm\n-sß-Øn-bt- ∏mƒ Fs∂ \o ssIIm´n kzoI-cn®Xpw \ns‚ aSn-Ø-´n¬ CSw X∂Xpw Fs‚ A\izc kvac-W-bn¬ aßmsX \n¬°p∂p. A∂p \o Xpd-∂p-X∂ IhmSw Cs∂-\n°v apºn¬ \o AS-®p Ift™m? \nt∂m-Sp≈ Fs‚ ASp∏w a\- n¬ C∂pw cqV-aqew. AtXm \ns‚ kl-hm-k-Øn-\p≈ A¿lX F∂n¬ \n∂pw tNm¿∂-Xmbn \o ImWp-∂pthm? Fs‚ lrZ-bm-¥¿`m-KØv \ns‚ kvacW AKm-[-ambn ]Xn-™p-In-S-°p∂p. F{X kplr-Øp-°s - fbpw Kpcp-P\ - ß - s - f-bp-amWv F\n°p \o X∂-cp-fn-bXv! F{X-sb{X a[p-cm-\p-`h - ß - ƒ°mWv F\n°p \o Ah-kcw \¬In-bXv! PohnXw Fs¥∂v ]Tn-∏n®v Fs‚ AkvXn-Xz-Øn\v \o A¿∞w \¬In. A]-cn-N-nXXz-Øns‚ \ng-ep-I-fn¬ Ign® BZy-h¿jw; A\p-kc - W - Ø - ns‚

166

AXn-cp-Iƒ NmSnb c≠mw h¿jw; F√mw {Ia-s∏-Sp-Øn-sb-Sp-Øt- ∏m-tg°pw IS-∂p-Ig - n™ aq∂mw h¿jw! Rm\pw Fs‚ kXo¿∞ycpw t]mb-Xp-sIm≠v \n\-s°¥v! \ns∂ th≠-h¿ Bbn-c-ß-fmbn \n∂n-te°v FØn-s°m-≠n-cn°pw. Ahsc sI´n-∏p-W-cm≥ \n\°p Rßsf ssIhn-s´-¶n-et√ ]‰q. F¶nepw Rß-fpsS NpSp-\n-izm-k-߃ F{X-bm-Wn-hn-SsØ A¥-co-£Ø - n¬! Rß-fpsS Ime-Sn-Iƒ F{X-bm-Wn-hnsS ]Xn-™p-In-S° - p-∂Xv! Rß-fpsS \nXw-_ß - ƒ Chn-SsØ _©p-If - n¬ F{X-bm-WS- b - m-f˛s∏-Sp-Øn-bn-cn-°p∂Xv! F√mw \o \ns‚ Hm¿Ω-bpsS ^e-bp-I-fn¬ FSp-Øp-sh-°pI. Rß-fpsS hgntb hcp-∂-h¿ \ns‚ Hm¿Ω-bn¬ \n∂h ambv°m-Xn-cn-°s´! \ns‚ ImXp-I-fn¬ hoW Rß-fpsS kzc-߃ Hcn-°epw h‰m-Xn-cn-°s´! \ns∂ ImWm≥ R߃ hcp-tºmƒ Rßsf hncp-∂p-Im-cm-bn ImWmsX Krl-ÿc - mbn I≠-dn-bpI!


]Sn-bn-d-ßp-tºmƒ

_psslk sI. ss^\¬ _n.tImw. \nXy-l-cnX kvac-W-I-fpsS Ht´sd `mfi-߃ D≈n¬ hln-®psIm-≠mWv F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn. bpsS aq∂m-≠p-Iƒ Ign™v ]Sn-bn-d-ßp-∂Xv . B `mfi- ß - f n¬ Iø- S n- I - f pw Iq°p-hn-fn-Ifpw D≠m-Imw; IÆocpw ]p©n-cnbpw D≠mImw; Ip∂pw \nc-∏pap-≠mImw; {]iw-kbpw \riw-k-bp-ap≠mImw; X√pw Xtem-S-ep-ap-≠mImw; t¢ihpw kl-\-hp-ap-≠mImw; sImSp°epw hmß-ep-ap-≠mImw; Ibv∏pw a[p-chpw D≠m-Imw. Adn-hns‚ a[p-tX-Sn, kulrZ Øns‚ ioX-fn-a-bn-te-°mbn, Pohn-Xk-μ¿`-ßsf hk-¥-ß-fm-°m≥, \∑bpsS hnØp-Isf hnf-bn-s®-Sp-°m≥... Aßs\ H´- \ - h [n {]Xo- £ - I fpw hln®v Cu Imº- n-se-Ønb BZy\m-fp-Iƒ sXm´v th¿]m-Sns‚ Cu timI-ap-lq¿Øw hsc-bp≈ Hmtcm \nan-jhpw C\n-b-tßm´v Hm¿Ω-bn¬ A\-iz-ca - m-°m-\p-≈X - m-Wv. hn⁄m-\-Øns‚ tKm]p-c-ßfmb Kpcp-t{i-jvT¿... Ah-cn¬ Bscms°-bp-≠v? Ihn-Iƒ, IY-sb-gp-ØpIm¿, \mS-II - r-Øp-Iƒ, Kmb-I¿, {]`mj-I¿, \m´nepw adp-\m-´nepw tIfn-tI´-h¿, BSm\pw ]mSm\pw sIm´m\pw ao´m- \ p- a - d n- b p- ∂ - h ¿, F√m- h ¿°pw aosX i‡\pw H∏w {]k-∂-\p-amb {]n≥kn-∏¬... C°m-cy-Øn¬ F≥.-kn.F-kv.S- n. sbt∏mse A\pKr-lo-Xa - mb ÿm]-\-߃ thsd A[n-I-apt≠m

F∂v kwi-bw. sI.-Sn. DkvXmZv F∂ alm-a\ojn ChnsS Cu ÿm]\w ]Sp-Øpb¿Øn-b-Xns‚ ]n∂n¬ A\p-`-hn® Ijv S - X - I fpw hcn® XymK- ß fpw kln® bmX-\-Ifpw Hm¿°p-tºmƒ IrX- ⁄ - X - b psS IÆo¿]q°ƒ sIm≠v At±-l-Øns‚ \nXy-kva-cWsb s]mXn- b m≥ tXm∂p- ∂ p. {]m¿∞-\m-hN -   - p-Iƒ sIm≠v At±-lØns‚ Bflm-hn\v \nXy-im¥n t\cp∂p... {]IrXnca-Wo-bamb Cu ÿew Hcp B¿Svkv & kb≥kv tImtf-Pns‚ Imº- m-°n-Øo¿ Ø B Zo¿L-ZrjvSn°pw kuμ-cyt_m-[Ø - n\pw Xp ey-Xb - n-√X - s - ∂. F{X-sb {X kmln-Xy-krjvSn-If - mWo aq∂m≠n-\p-≈n¬ ChnsS-\n∂v {]kn-≤oIr- X - a m- b n- ° - ≠ Xv... ]n]m- k , ]n\m-°nƒ, hnkv ‰, Cw•o-jn-ep≈ and¿ Npa¿ ]{Xw. F√mw H∂n s\m∂v sa®w.

Cu Imº- n-\p-≈nse {]Xn-`m-im-enI-fpsS Ign-hp-Iƒ ImWn-°p-∂-h. F≥.- k n.- F - k v . - S n. Imºkv s]mXpsh \njvIf - ¶w. a‰p ]e Imºkp-Is - fbpw At]-£n®v Gsd im¥w. ASn-®p-s]m-fn®v ln‰pw-]mSn {`an-®p-\S-°m-\p-≈X - √, ]Tn-®p-hf - c - m\pw c£nXm-°f - p-sS-bpw kaq-lØ - ns‚bpw {]Xo£- ]q- h - W n- b n- ° m- \ p- a p≈- X mWv

167


Imºkv F∂ Xncn- ® - d nhv ChnsS hf¿Ø-s∏-Sp-∂-Xp-t]m-se. Cusbm-c¥-co-£-Øn¬ hnΩn-jvS-s∏-Sp-∂-h-cp≠m-Imw. Ah¿°o Imº- ns\ aZvdk F∂p hnfn°mw. ]s£, tXm∂n-b-Xpt]mse Pohn-°m-\p≈ hmk\ A∏Sn hf¿Ø-s∏-Sm-\p-≈-X-√t√m. hnZym`ymkw PohnXØn¬ IrXy\njvTbpw Bfl-\n-b{- ¥-Whpw ioen-°m-\p-≈X - pIq-Sn-bm-W-t√m. k¿tΔm-]cn F≥.-kn.F- k v . - S n. FØ- c - Ø n- e p≈ kaq- l Øns‚ A[zm-\hpw hnb¿∏p-am-sW-∂pIqSn Hm¿t°≠ _m[yX Chn-SsØ hnZym¿∞n-Iƒ°p-≠v. CXn-\¿∞w ChnsS kzmX-{¥y-°p-d-hp-s≠-∂-√. {Inbm-flI - a - mb F¥n-s\bpw t{]m’mln- ∏ n- ° p- ∂ - h - c mWv {]n≥kn- ∏ epw

sS - t- fm I k w Bi

Biw-kI - t- fmsS

158

Ãm^p-sa-√mw. _ntImw hnZym¿∞n-IfpsS dnYw t_mbvkv F∂ kn.-Un. hsc Cd-°nb ÿm]-\a - mWv F≥.-kn.F-kv.-Sn. A¥-t m-Sp-Iq-Snb s]cp-am‰w, Nn´- t bm- s S- b p≈ hkv { X- [ m- c Ww F∂nh F≥.-kn.-Fk - v.S- n. bn¬ {]tXyI-ambn hyh-ÿs - ∏-Sp-Øn-bn-´p-≈X - m-W.v dmKnwKpw cmjv{So-b-hp-sams° Imº ns‚ A\n-hm-cy-XI - f - mbn KWn-°p-∂h¿°v F≥.-kn.-F-kv.-Sn.sb XnI®pw A]-hm-Z-ambn ImtW-≠n-h-cpw. Cu c≠p-Im-cy-Øns‚ t]cn¬ Fs¥√mw {]iv\ß - f - mWv Iem-eb - ß - f - n¬ \S-°mdv. ASnbpw IØn-°pØpw hsc \S°m-dp≈ Cu hI Imcy-߃°v hcp∂-hsc F≥.-kn.-Fk - v.S- n. \ncm-ic - m-°p-

I-tb-bp-≈q. Imº- n\v Hcp ]cn-ip-≤nsbms° thW-sa-∂mWv F≥.-kn.-Fkv.-Sn. bpsS \njvI¿j. kplr-Øp-°-tfm-sS-∂-t]m-seØ-s∂-bmWo {]Ir-Xn-tbm-Sp≈ Iq´psI-´pw. Hcn-°epw ad-°m-\m-hmØ Iq´p-sI-´v. Chn-SsØ Hme-∏p√pw ]q°fpw hmg-Ifpw d_¿a-c-ßfpw ac-®n-√I-fn¬ h∂n-cp∂v ]mSm-dp≈ ]d-h-Ifpw hm\n-eqsS \rØw sNøm-dp≈ Xpºn-I-fpw F√mw Cu Imº- ns‚ `mK-߃ Xs∂. CXm aq∂mw B≠ns‚ HSp°sØ aWn-°q-dnse Ah-km\ \nanjhpw Xocp-∂p. Iq´p-Im-tc, Kpcp-h-cytc, Rß-fn-dß - s - ´ ˛ kz¿Kw \jvSs - ∏´ BZmwlΔ-am-cpsS hyY-tbmsS. hnS...


Alienation or Modern Mind Muhammed Ilyas Lecturer, Eng.Dept. In the streetside of life I used to see a home, Rather a castle of tranquillity. The quest in me wanted a search: Then the big wall reminded of a tower. I used a ladder to climb up, To be faced by a door, Closed from inside and protected From all the walkers and creepers. When I pressed the bell, a man With doubtful eyes welcomed me in There I often was mistaken by curves. I could see bathrooms old in outside, Later in inside and the latest as attached. From the highways of silence I was being Led to narrow corridors of modern age. I could see in attached rooms Living-beings with instruments: One near to ear, another with a screen Make paid friends through offers, While neighbours are thirsty Is it a world of contradictions? Or of a careful carelessness? Clock in the wall of history Alarmed: ‘be modern minded’ I was fetching in the darkness A rough sound from my pocket fold: Don’t get worried, Call the astrologer only @ Rs.9.99

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The Memory of a Voting Day It was a voting day. The candidates, accompanied by their partymen and well-wishers, had been visiting one by one my house all through the previous night. Also rebels and Independent candidates had to be entertained. So, I lost my sleep at night. I had to go to polling booth the next morning at my earliest to cast my vote and then to go to my working place. When I woke very late that morning, in contrast to my usual habit, I was surprised to see the roads flooded with multitudes of voters moving to the nearby polling booth, carried by vehicles or by their legs. Then a problem arose. If I had to go to my working place and reach there at the proper time, I would have to let my voting right go waste. This was the result of the intermittent visits of the vote seekers that had occurred the previous night. This put me in a place of dilemma. Job is my means of living and vote is my right as a citizen. Which was to be given priority? To make matters worse, there came a heavy downpour. So, if one had to go out, one would have to take an umbrella. I searched for one in my house, but as my parents had gone before me with umbrellas, no a single one was found there. I was thinking of what could I do? I sat in my room waiting for the rain to stop, but it continued to pour. Finally I decided to go to record my vote even though it was raining. But when I was about to start for the polling booth, I got a call from a cellphone telling me that if I had not reached for work that day as soon as I got the message, I would have been dismissed from my job.

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Irshad T. BA.Eng.Lit.2008-10 I was terribly disappointed when I heard about the possibility of my dismissal. For me, to live without a job was very difficult and unthinkable. I walked to my working place with great difficulty and reached there with wet body and dripping dress. Seeing me in such a condition my boss, who was taking rest in the office room, asked what was the matter and what brought me there? Then I realized that it was a trick used by my rival partymen against me to get my chance for voting lost. They would have found out my political orientation, perhaps through my own talks, and planned to make my vote lapes. As soon as I found out the cheating I rushed to the polling booth to record my vote and to annul the treachery of my rival partymen. A sense of guilt had been hunting me. If the candidate of my rival party is elected by the margin of a single vote, that would be a great tragedy and its reason would be put on my neck, and like wise, if my rival party gets the majority of a single seat, how I would be able to escape from being under its curse as long as I am alive? But for my fear, by the time I reached the polling booth after collecting my identity card and number slip, the voting was about to come to an end, but luckily I could cast my vote. I can never forget this fun, to which we give a place in our democracy.


The Beggar

Sirajudheen.P. B.A.Eng.Lit.2007-09

“Vote for me, I will tow your problems To the garage of assembly’’. The obese, bald-headed man Ambled out of his Ambassador car And glanced around the multitude Of the remote village and Beseeched with the voice Of an ambitious fellow. The lying electric post giggled Under the green creepers The water tap started whistling With thirst and then groaned. A layman in a hut With his half naked body Dusted the only wooden bench And served his evening black tea As a reaction to the appeal Of the gentleman and sent him back Cheered by his considerable look The gentleman moved to his next stage A shout was heard from the Multitude, saying “Beggar, Beggar”!

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Egyptian Model

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Blessed are The modern Egyptians! They symbolised the latest way Of revolution. They chose a non-violent way To pull down The throne of their tyrant. They could light the wick Of freedom Without pouring on earth The oil of blood and suffering. Praised is their valour, How they could do it! What a great success! They gave new life To the motto of our Gandhi: ‘Ahimsa, non-violence’. How heartless was the tyrant! How ruthless was he! But the people could make him Get down by their strong will And peaceful actions! They did not create martyrs, They put all the revolutionaries Of the modern age Into disgrace by their Matchless method of revolution. Blessed are the modern Egyptians, Who were chosen by God For this noble assignment In this modern civic era.

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Imdad P. Final BSc. Physics


CRUEL INVITATION

Dinesh K. First year BA. Eng.

The voice of crows from branches of the mango tree jolted me awake at 5.00 am. For a second, I was confused and stunned by the loud cry which came from my own throat but memories of the previous day quickly flooded back to me. I sat up and looked around. A pale morning light filtered to the windows. “What is the matter? What happened to you my boy? Why are you crying?” My mother came in and yelled. “Nothing mum. I had a dream” “What dream? Of the death of someone, or the likes?’’ “Yes mum, something saddening, but I don’t know clearly what was it?’’ Just as she was turning to leave she looked down and pointing to the floor asked: “What is this, this photo torn into pieces and the bits of written paper?” I said nothing, but pretended to sleep again with a loud snore. Then murmuring to herself some unclear words my mother was seen gathering the pieces of the photo and the scattered bits of the written paper and put them all together to become the beautiful picture of the girl who had been my sweetheart and the invitation letter from her to her wedding ceremony giving me a great shock and pain. As soon as I got hold of the letter I tore it up along with her photo which I had

been keeping with me for a long period. This is what my mother could read when she put the pieces of the letter together: My dear friend, greetings! My wedding day falls on 30 th January 2011. I would like you to be present here to be witness to the function. I cordially invite you to come. Our college mates and other friends also are invited. Hope you will be here in time. Yours sincerely Vanaja After reading the letter my mother tried many times to waken me up. She had to know all about the girl. Also she had to know why I had torn up her photo and wedding letter. But I was not in a mood to explain the story of that treachery. So I became impatient with her and pretended to feel ill. So for the time - being the mother left me taking rest and went out. But after a while she backed with a cup of hot tea and asked me to have. But I had lost all interest in eating and drinking. Between sobbing and hysterical screaming I managed to tell the mother what had

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happened. I could never imagine that my sweetheart would be ready to marry a man other than me. That had been her oath, her pledge and her firm determination from the very moment we met each other when both of us were college mates. Even after our departure she had been renewing the oath and pledge a hundred times at least. That was why I had driven her many times to beaches and other places; That was why I behaved with her as if we were not outsiders. Now I suppose I shouldn’t have believed her words and I shouldn’t have fallen in love with her. I should have considered her love for me as a flirtation, simply a flirtation, a childish play but I took it serious. That was my folly. This thought gives me a sense of guilt and a pang of conscience. Now I feel deeply wounded, and by her invitation letter. She wanted to make me double wounded. She wanted me to be there to be wit-

ness to her wedding function. What a cruel girl she is! Only the women folk would be so, a man can not. I feel my heart being squeezed. Yes I am guilt. I don’t want to blame anyone else other than me. It is the punishment I am getting from God for having loved a girl who doesn’t deserve my love. Being conscious I opened my eyes. Then the mother was sitting beside me to hear from me the words of repentance and confession. She shoulders many responsibilities apart from attending to my problems. She wanted to take care of the needs of each members of the family. So I confessed to my mother all my sins and repented my mother. This is the story of my confusion and confession. I disclose this secret part of my life to my fellow young men so that they can save themselves from being trapped and then betrayed in their life, especially when they lead their campus life.

I am on the way

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I don’t know from where And from which direction You would rise and appear. So, I am always on the way. Though my eyes are Unfamiliar with you, My heart knows you From the very day You were born And longs for union. Oh, you, the one Who is destined to Join me one day. Though I am not homeless I am always on the way To greet you, to receive you I possess many riches, ideas, Wealth and properties But, I am possessed By my illusious By your invisible presence, So, I can’t go in, I am always on the way

Muhammed Ramshid M. 2nd year B.com.


The late Train Shakir Ali P. 4 th Sem.Eng.Litrature

The train is late The newspaper started pouring The dynamic nature Of the schematic ideas Thrown by the tradition. Yesterday, She walked away to the sunset The wet sand under her feet squeezed Her tears with bubbles. The leaf fallen on the path Was trodden and dried And spat the dismay till the death. The ones on the tree not The disposition paints The face straight ahead The spread palm Fists even with the air inside Today, She rises with the sun The train comes Following the monotonous Announcement And goes By treading the tracks

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Friendship

What a mystery is The phenomenon of friendship! When your friends are with you You forget to regard their company And when they are away You long for them. Friendship is fascinating: When you feel desperate And think that you are estranged At a sudden your friends appear, And all your distresses gone in an instant With a small sigh of regret! When you are brimming with joy There will be friends all around you, But when you are depressed It is only a friend out of many Can help you to be transformed. If you have friends in plenty you can resist any challenge. Friends are making us What we are and how we are. Others may sense the weakness in you But, even then your friends can Sense all the virtues in you. But lo! frienship is a sleeping luck: You should awaken it and feed And it is a valuable treasure You should keep it and safeguard When you have desirable friends Then the life is meaningful Otherwise, it is borring and tedisous.

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Nidhin M.P. Final BCom


A Railway Journey From here to TN, the train ran; I sat inside, gazing at the fog outside Which crawled throughout the way Making the scenery grey Fasil Fayad.C Final B.A. English

Inside, then came a little girl singing away, With two crude drums between her tiny fingures. At times, her voice failed to keep the pitch, But she was bothered only of the coins. I whispered ‘Thank god, she is not my sister’ Here came crawling, a boy dressed in torn and dirty clothes, With a broom in his hand, stinking from a distance, He went sweeping and cleaning the floor, Of match sticks and peanut peels, But failed to clean the tobacco stains. I cried in my heart ‘clean your self first’ Then I saw a woman with manly features, She sat beside me and pulled my hand - my heart - stopped for a while! Don’t be panic a higda-my fellow passenger’s comforting words; After a while she stood up I only said ‘thanks’ and walked out Then a lady walked in her face covered, She held a bascket, towards me and cried for alms I looked inside, to see the ‘mall’ for sale A cute little girl sleeping on some ragged clothes. I took a deep sigh - ‘you are not born to become Miss world?’ Many came - the man with polish and brush Boys with ‘time pass’ - cards and ludos And some, sold books, some sold fruits and some chikkis and toys Before I forget, decent rogues sold out bottles of rum and vhisky too I wonderd ‘am I sitting in a bazar on wheels?’ From TN to there the train ran I sat inside gazing at the fog out Which crawled from KLM to TN, Making the scenes grey I was getting a vivid picture of the Independent India

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Good bye I am alone here I don’t know what’s the reason I have friends and family But still I don’t understand Still I remember that The day you went away The day you left me alone The day you said good bye I tried to close my life But all I can see is you close to me I tried to forget you forever But all I can feel is your presence No need to bother about me Because, I have got a new friend, the pain With tears I enjoy him Whenever I say your name I used to write your name And put it in a frame Nobody cared you like I did And nobody misses you like I do You never tried to find me out And never tried to call me But Friend, the pain in my heart Is still the same Still I am waiting for your presence To touch me with your smile, To share my sorrows and joys And to bring my life back I can’t forget that 168 How simply you said good bye How simply you left me alone But friend, you forgot one thing That to pluck your sweet memories From my heart

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Good bye I am alone here

Anas K. Final BCom.


Book Review

As told by

A LITTLE BIRD Ahmad Muhammadi Page: 94 Publisher: Ahmad Kutty Sivapuram Address: Mount Hudha Kariyathan Kavu, Balusseri Phone: 0496 264382

Rasheeda V.K Final BA Eng.

In man, there is an urge to fly and move upwards. His quest for truth demands him to go beyond all limits and borders. This urge might have been the factor which worked behind the invention of aeroplane and space vehicles. It is interesting to think that in this field, birds and dragon-flies were the models for man. Here, in this book, titled ‘As told by a little bird’, its author Ahmad Muhammedi sets a bird to speak for him about the oneness of divinity and oneness of humanity. The bird is introduced as a bird of Abraham, the prophet. Abraham was sent by God to propagate the above mentioned message. Once this great prophet was commanded by God to tame four birds, cut them into pieces and to place a portion of them on every mountain. Then he had to call them back. He did so and the birds from all mountains, as they lay as pieces there, roused to him in haste. This command from the Lord was the answer to his query about the dead ones being resurrected. This Abrahamic messages of oneness of God and of oneness of Humanity and of the life after death are told by the author through his bird, the bird of Abraham. So, this allegorical work, though small in size, is of great value and significanse, especially as it interacts with intelligentsia. This bird is symbolic of the spiritual and mental journey of human being in search of truth and of his attaining it. So, the book of Ahmad Muhammedi is suggested as readable one for all the truth seekers, especially the intellectual wing of the society.

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The Dew Drops Reshma P. 2nd year BA English In the middle of the songs Of winged choristers Some dew drops came down To the earth, As the guests of the heaven. As soon as the flowers in the garden Saw the dew drops They received them to their laps And kissed them with love But the yellow rays of the sun Suddenly arrived there And licked all the dew drops And let the flowers in deep despair

Shafeekha V.K Fianl BA.Eng.

The Beauty of Life

Life is sweet, not bitter Even for a troubled man Than death, it is wonderful Life is soft, not rough Even for a Sick man Than death, it is preferable Life is pretty, not dirty Even for a lame man Than death, it is meaningful Life is joyous, not tedious Even for a dying man Than death, it is desirable Life is strong, not weak Even for an old man Than death, it is profitable

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I am true, no doubt But only for those Whose life is purposeful

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INCOMPLETE DREAM

V.M. Roshan BA English Lit.2008-10 Seeing the sinking sun And listening to the singing birds, I walked along the road Through among the lines of trees. The earth was embellished with The ribbons of the black shadows, And adorned with the white spots Of the moon light here and there. Nothing I had taken with me Except my love and sense of beauty; And a cup to quench my thirst, And another one of drink made of verse. Oh! What is that, Close to the edge of my path? A pretty girl under a tree Lonely without any fright. Dressed in white she was seemed As a piece of moon light. A lovely breeze touched my face Then, the leaves murmured in my ears Some words of amazement about her And it splashed a few dew drops on her. Shying at this strange pedestrian, The girl stood up and hurried to somewhere! Her appearance, I viewed through moonlight. It was fully corresponding to my concept. I looked eagerly around again and again But nothing was seen or heard. I surely believe it was but a dream For, in the real world such a beauty is impossible Now, with the night I am intimate And the arrival of the dawn, I always hate. My aim is nothing but to complete My dream, and take to heart its effect.

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THE SOLO

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He came to my life As a Divine gift. And we travelld together In the track of life. Sometimes, he made me sad Sometimes, he made grimace Sometimes, he bullied, and Sometimes he became worried. I loved him more than Anyone and anything But, suddenly the Destiny Grabbed him and ran off Leaving me in my thirst for him, And making it a waste. Now I am a meaningless word, Simply an aching void. With him I was a millionaire, Without him now I am a pauper. His memory nibbles my numb heart This robery makes me all hurt. I hear this is my lot, But, this lot for me, who wrote? Singing this solo I wander To get an apt answer

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Husaina mol K. Final BA.Eng.


Fragrance of the Breast Milk Whenever I take breath In every inhale and exhale I smell the fragrance of The breast milk of my mother. Her sweat is mixed with it, Her blood is mixed with it, But it doesn’t lose its fragrance. How a balanced diet it was! How a perfect delight it was! When I was a small kid It was my eat and drink, Medicine and munch. Whatever my mother feeds, She never feeds before tasting; But she never tastes Her breast milk before feeding. For, she is ever confident of it And always it was alright. My body is made of it My soul is its creation My character is shaped with it And my everything is its result

Sumayya T. Final BA Eng.

My beloved is Like Water Faseela P. I st BA Eng.

My beloved is, for me, like water: How easily water yields to its user! But, how obstinate it becomes, When it boils and begins to shower? In its normal state water is essential, In its state of agitation it is lethal! He makes me quenched when I am thirsty But, scorches my soul when he is nasty. When I sit beside him he reflects my image. But if I displease him he refuses my marriage He invites me to the depth of his heart, ‘No’ it will deprive me of my being pert. I am ready to plunge into him as an elf, But sorry, not to be devoured by him my self.

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THE IMPORTANCE OF ENGLISH

Rinshijan T.K. Final BA Eng.

Though English is a foreign language, its use in our life is more than of our own mother tongue. The present day order demands even from a layman the capacity of handling English language. We can see in every field the people who render apology for not knowing English when they are compelled to deal with some official matters.To speak a few words in English has become a fashion of the day. Today, quite a large number of people more than ever come forward to learn English, especially Spoken English, because they have become aware of the role that this international language plays in the modern life. In our place we hardly come across any city that does not have at least one or two institute for spoken English course. Even those who belong to the lower income group parents, want their children to be got admitted in English medium school, privately run, despite that they charge high amount as fees. This tendency has forced our education Department to start English medium divisions in all government schools. It was with the advent of international channels on our Televi-

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sion that the popularity of English language began to grow fast. Today people, irrespective of their age and class, are crazy about sports and games. Without knowing English they can’t understand commentaries of cricket, football, etc. on TV on the occasions of international or national tournaments. This creates in them an urge on learning English. Most people think only about the utilitarian aspect of English language. Their purpose is to

get to job opportunities through their knowledge. When they are to appear for interviews they will have to convers with the representatives of companies in English. For them, English is a job language, not a literary language. Any how, they require communication skill in

English for attaining a job. In any way, knowing English is a boon in today’s world. If we think widely, we see that its possibilities could not be estimated easily. Our world is of the globalization. Many visitors from abroad come to our state as tourists and business men. With our knowledge of English we can act for them as guide, and can earn money. On the other side, English is a vital source of information and knowledge, science and technology. Only through English one can keep himself abreast with the latest political, social and cultural development in the world. Unless we know English we can’t reach them except through translation. When we go through the international pages of certain malayalam news papers we can find out the fact that they are taken from previous day’s English dailies. Some people critisize the domination of English on our life. They point out that every language represents a culture. The culture which is represented by English is more dangerous for our cultural life. While entertaining us with its most attractive sides, the western culture spoils us with their lifestyle. Then English becomes a curse. For example, western music is now - a - days is great temptation for our youth to listen rather than listening to our traditional music. This is an undeniable fact, but we should keep in our mind that every thing has its good and bad sides. If we are conscious and alert, we can recieve the good side of it.


SOME INTERESTING BITS Anees C.H. Final BSc. The strongest muscle in the body is the tongue. Right-handed people live, on average, nine years longer than lefthanded people do. Butterflies taste with their feet. Starfish don’t have brain. No piece of paper can be folded in half more than 7 times. Venus is the only planet that rotates clock-wise. It’s possible to lead a cow upstairs...but not downstairs. Elephants are the only animals (mammals) that can’t jump. Women blink nearly twice as much as men. It’s physically impossible for you to lick your elbow. A snail can spleep for three years. No word in the English language rhymes with ‘Month’. The electric chair was invented by a dentist. ‘TYPE WRITER’ is the longest word that can be made using the letters only one row of the keyboard. ‘GO’ is the shortest complete sentence in tha English language. Kissing is healthier than shaking hands. Ants and honeybees never sleep. The human brain is 80% water Human heart beats over 100000 times a day. Human eye detects Ten million colours. Every day is about 55 billions of a second longer than the day before it. Gandhi did’t allow his wife to take penicillin to save her life from pneumonia, but took quinine to save himself from Malaria. The average chocolate has 8 insect legs in it. 9 out of 10 people believe Thomas Edison invented the light bulb, this is not true, Joseph swan did. Neil Armstrong stepped on the moon with his left foot first. Bule and White are the most common school colours. The most fatal car accident occur on Saturday. Monalisa has no eyebrows. The first owner of the Marlbaro cigarette company died of lung cancer. Alexander Grahambell, the inventer of telephone never telephoned his wife and mother because they both were deaf. The world’s thinnest book has only one word written in ‘everything’ and the book is titled ‘what a human wants’.

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Now it was all over He wanted to penetrate to my being But I had shut up all my senses He was the embodiment of everything I disliked But to those who begat me he was all liked So, they showed him the way to my body And in our bridal chamber we were playing ‘hide and seek’ Finally when I fell asleep from my exhaustion He had to finish the job with a tender touch He used the chance to steal everything I possessed Hearing a pleased masculine sound of gasp and laughter I tried to recapture myself from his strong grip But now it was all over I had nothing to keep When I caught sight of him he looked with unfocussed stare

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Raseela C.K. Final BA. Eng.


When you and I were together We were ten And when separated from you I became none. You were one and I was zero. Our joining made us ten, but Parted with you, Oh the one, I lost my one and reduced to zero. You flushed my face And brightened my eyes. My face was in your handle My light was in your candle. You were the answer To all my questions. You were the remedy For all my frustrations. Now you are off Even with your smile. I blocked my lips And I became unfamiliar With my family So I am not well off

SEPARATION Rubayya C. Final BA Eng.

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Arif Muhammed V.K. Fourth sem.Eng.Lit.

I am a youth Somewhat powerful I need a path. But often I am doubtful I looked at ‘Khadar’ How can I stand there When it plunged in ‘Scam’? I know about the priests How can I stand there When they hurry to luxury? I think about the judges How can I stand there When they bear the burden of bribery? I was searching for long Before my eyes I could see Blood stained hands of Gandhians And the comrades Sell out the great words Of their great men. Rate of bribery For each office Coverd court by money. Tell me where shall I stand And whom shall I follow?

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From distance afar I got a pleasing smell I took it as a message Of a flower to my nostril. When it reached to my heart I walked in search of its start. Until I saw a jasmine shrub Carrying a flower in its white robe Attracted by its charm I stretched towards it my arm. Nodding head its mother Gazed at me with great horror. Crossing the barrier of language It protested against me with rage: ‘Don’t do it, oh plunderer, Let my child give to all pleasure. To give fragrance is her duty To perform one’s duty Is one’s beauty. My child is an ornament of nature Don’t pluck her and don’t be a murderer Take a good look at her and smell, Pat her with joy and thrill. Her words were meaningful It made me very shameful.

Haseena C. Final BA Eng.

Rubeena C. Final BA Eng.

She was really a nymph. Whom I had won muchAs she had tried Not to be won by me. The whole atmosphere was of joy Among flowers of various hues. Sharing all that we have, And gaining all that we want. Our love was so intense That it made the Fate tense. And then there came that day, The day of her farewell. On its eve I couldn’t sleep The night was for me of weep Now this garden is of winter For me very boring to enter My happiness is lost And everywhere I find frost.

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Motherhood Habeesha Haridas Final BA Eng. To be a mother is the quality of a woman. Childless woman is like fruitless tree. In a family, the role of the mother is higher than that of any other. In poems, mother is described as the lamp of a family. It is an acceptable truth that if there is a victory in one’s life, there must be definitely the hands of a mother behind it. The relationship of a mother in a family circle to others is like that of the main root of a tree to its other roots and parts, because the existence and survival of other family members depend upon the mother. But unfortunately, for the new generation, being born into the new civilization, the value of mother is unknown.That is why, they are not ready to give their mothers an access into their secret life. They consider their mothers as mere servents to make and serve food for them, to wash their dresses, to arrange their bedroom etc. Such an attitude towards mothers creates a condition that they begin to consider motherhood as a mental penalty for giving birth to children. This also is one of the causes of going for birth control. This may cause the decadence of humanity and annihilation of a society. The disrespect of children towards their mothers will naturally make them too disappointed to form a famiy, as is the case with many of the young people of the present age. If we think for a moment about the key role our mother plays in our family and the responsibilities she shoulders in housekeeping and fostering children, no one can disobey her or misbehave to her. If our mothers fall sick for one or two weaks, then we can realize the value of a mother and we will never disobey or trouble her in our life time. So, in this regard, we have to keep our spiritual and traditional values, irrespective of whatever change takes place in society because of social, industrial and technological advancement.

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The Generation Gap Sirajudheen A.K. Final BA Eng. One of the main problems of this age is of the generation gap. Younger people are trying to separate themselves from older people. This creates issues for the smooth movements of life particularly in families and generally in societies throughout the world. The old people have their rigid perceptions and thoughts. But the new generation on the other hand is analysing and criticising them in the light of the trends and styles taking place in the newest life. They are not ready to blindly follow the existing norms. In olden days parents were selecting girls for their sons and boys for their daughters as well. Likewise, they were deciding what kind of education has to be given to their sons and daughters. The same was followed even in selecting dresses and hairstyles. But now, this has com-

pletely changed. Boys and girls are enjoying full freedom in such matters. So, the parents have lost their role in the life of there offspring. This creates a deep gap between them. But, when we think about this problem, we have to keep in our mind the undeniable fact that the cycle of life is evolving continuously and every individual is a part of the cycle and the new generation is the creation of the old generation and the self of every individual is constructed by his or her family and society into which one is born. Of course, some lines are there between two ages, but they are very thin and minute, and there should not be confrontation. Today’s younger generation is tomorrow’s older generation. So obligations towards older are to be kept by younger. The bridge of sympathy and consideration should not be broken.

I am Lucky Thoufeeq P. Ist BA Eng.

I am Lucky: My woman is mute But she is not blind That is my grief. She never talks, But ever looks Her eye is her tongue, With which she Conveys everything She requests and complaints She protests and quarrels

She refuses and resists She likes and dislikes. Without words She does all this. If she had The speaking organ, My life would be In great trouble Because, I am a handless man.

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