Experience in Circulation
02 Contents 03 Introduction 04 City scale 1.High line park
07 Large scale 1.Path station 2.Fulton cente
14 Medium scale 1.Lerner Hall 2.Hearst tower
20 Small scale
Importance of circulation
Circulation is very essential part of architecture, which connects different space. It is quite functional. Without effective circulation, the spectacular space designed by architect cannot be used or be felt by the viewer. So the circulation in the architecture is just like the flow in the body. Without circulation, the whole architecture work cannot exist.
Lack of design
Circulation is everywhere. From the huge lobby containing thousands of people to the small pathway defined by the furniture. From the vertical elevator in the skyscraper to the horizontal corridor in the hotel. Just because it exists everywhere, people are easy to neglect its importance. When architects design it, they considered it as the secondary space or just simply care about it function.
Circulation is an experience
As far as I see, the circulation is the most energetic part of the building. It is not just the place for crossing but for experiencing. It plays an important role in creating a overall space. In the circulation, the visitors can feel the changing between the different spaces. To some extend, the beauty of architecture is static. However, circulation presents the beauty of dynamic. Circulation adds the time dimension to the space. That's why the circulation is more like a experience but a route.
01 City Scale High Line Park
High Line Park
The High Line (also known as the High Line Park) is a 1.45-mile-long (2.33Â km) New York City linear park built in Manhattan on an elevated section of a disused New York Central Railroad spur called the West Side Line. Inspired by the 3-mile (4.8-kilometer) Promenade plantĂŠe (tree-lined walkway), a similar project in Paris completed in 1993, the High Line has been redesigned and planted as an aerial greenway and rails-to-trails park.--Wikipedia
Distance: 5km Feeling distance: 3km walking Time: 17min Actual walking Time: 35min Elements&Experience: old railway/history
02 LARGE Scale 1.PATH STATION 2.FULTON CENTER
2003-2016 Santiago Calatrava It was designed by Spanish architect Santiago Calatrava and composed of a train station with a large and open mezzanine under the National September 11 Memorial plaza. This mezzanine is connected to an aboveground head house structure
called the Oculusâ€”located between 2 World Trade Center and 3 World Trade Centerâ€”as well as to public concourses under the various towers in the World Trade Center complex. From Wikipedia
Experience Elements&Experience: WHITE/PURTITY
Situated in the heart of Lower Manhattan, the Fulton Center is a dynamic transport environment streamlining connections between eleven subway lines for up to 300,000 daily passengers. Organized around a large-scale atrium contained within an
elegant, transparent faĂ§ade, the center draws inspiration from the neighborhoodâ€™s cast iron buildings and incorporates the restored 1888 Corbin Building. Carefully aligned entrances allow the streetscape to permeate the building, offering clear and efficient pathways to the train platforms below. Once underground, passengers encounter brighter, widened passageways, new elevators and clear signage. The atrium ascends to 110 feet, topped by a conical dome centered on the concourse below. A canted glass oculus intersects the dome, flooding the atrium with natural light whose effect is magnified by an integrated artwork, Sky Reflector-Net. The Fulton Center fulfills a significant civic role, offering a memorable urban experience that nods to history while supporting the regionâ€™s growth. From http://grimshaw-architects.com/
03 medium Scale 1.Lerner Hall 2.Hearst tower
Lerner Hall Student Center Bernard Tschumi,New York, 1994-1999
The required functional rooms are situated inside the double rectangular volumes, while large public spaces such as the main lobby, auditorium, and black-box theater were developed
between the two wings. The two wings used the brick and granite materials prevalent in the historical campus, while the space between them is as transparent as current technology allows. Glass ramps criss-cross the void, connecting the different levels and activities of the student center, while a huge glass wall
brings light into the building and allows a striking view over the campus outside. The dramatic void-space or â€œhubâ€? is animated and defined by the movement of students and visitors along the ramps. During the day, light filters through the suspended glass ramps. At night, as light glows from the inside, figures in movement along this route appear as if in a silent shadow
theater. This space of exchange—one of the key, non-localizable functions of a student center—is also an exhibition space; it is the spillover from bar, game room, mailroom, and theater. lines of the original plan, which mandated double wings, and places the major innovation in the “in-between” space inside them. The two traditional wings are connected by a new type of ramp, with the different features of the program organized along it.Trade Center and 3 World Trade Center—as well as to public concourses under the various towers in the World Trade Center complex. Glass ramps criss-cross the void, connecting the different levels and activities of the student center, while a huge glass wall brings light into the building and allows a striking view over the campus outside. The dramatic void-space or “hub” is animated and defined by the movement of students and visitors along the ramps. During the day, light filters through the suspended glass ramps. At night, as light glows from the inside, figures in movement along this route appear as if in a silent shadow theater. This space of exchange—one of the key, non-localizable functions of a student center—is also an exhibition space; it is the spillover from bar, game room, mailroom, and theater.
04 small Scale 1.Rockefeller Center
Rockefeller Center Rockefeller Center is a complex of skyscrapers and theaters in New York City developed by John D. Rockefeller, Jr. in the 1930s and designed by a talented committee of architects and planners. It superbly demonstrates how tall buildings can be seamlessly integrated into the horizontal tangle of the city below.
Rockefeller Center is a very old high-rise building. The circulation of it is quite simple. All the design is quite functional. However, the experience in it is quite different. What makes the simple corridors and stairs special? It is probably because of the interior design. There are many details to help shape the space.
MURAL/ENLARGE THE SPACE